Toro Stand-On Spreader/Sprayer User manual

Toro Stand-On Spreader/Sprayer User manual
Form No. 3424-696 Rev A
Stand-On Spreader/Sprayer
Model No. 34215—Serial No. 400000000 and Up
Register at www.Toro.com.
Original Instructions (EN)
*3424-696* A
It is a violation of California Public Resource Code
Section 4442 or 4443 to use or operate the engine on
any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered
land unless the engine is equipped with a spark
arrester, as defined in Section 4442, maintained in
effective working order or the engine is constructed,
equipped, and maintained for the prevention of fire.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model
and serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1
identifies the location of the model and serial numbers
on the product. Write the numbers in the space
provided.
The enclosed engine owner's manual is supplied
for information regarding the US Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Emission
Control Regulation of emission systems, maintenance,
and warranty. Replacements may be ordered through
the engine manufacturer.
Important: With your mobile device, you can
scan the QR code on the serial number decal (if
equipped) to access warranty, parts, and other
product information.
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals known to
the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
Use of this product may cause exposure
to chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
g248806
Figure 1
1. Location of the model and serial numbers
Model No.
Serial No.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has
safety messages identified by the safety-alert symbol
(Figure 2), which signals a hazard that may cause
serious injury or death if you do not follow the
recommended precautions.
Introduction
This stand-on spreader sprayer is intended for use
by trained operators in residential and commercial
applications. The machine is primarily designed for
chemical distribution used for turf care or snow/ice
removal at residential grounds, parks, sports fields,
and on commercial grounds.
g000502
Figure 2
Safety-alert symbol
Read this information carefully to learn how to operate
and maintain your product properly and to avoid
injury and product damage. You are responsible for
operating the product properly and safely.
This manual uses 2 words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical
information and Note emphasizes general information
worthy of special attention.
You may contact Toro directly at www.Toro.com
for product safety and operation training materials,
accessory information, help finding a dealer, or to
register your product.
© 2018—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
2
Contact us at www.Toro.com.
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Contents
Torquing the Axle Bolts ..................................... 63
Aligning the Front Wheels................................. 64
Servicing the Transaxle .................................... 65
Controls System Maintenance ............................. 66
Adjusting the Pattern Control Cable for the
Spreader ...................................................... 66
Maintaining the Chassis ....................................... 67
Checking the Machine for Loose
Hardware ...................................................... 67
Maintaining the Sprayer System........................... 67
Checking Sprayer System ................................ 67
Cleaning .............................................................. 68
Cleaning the Engine and the Exhaust
System Area ................................................. 68
Cleaning the Debris from the Machine............... 68
Removing the Engine Shroud and Cleaning
the Cooling Fins ............................................ 68
Waste Disposal................................................. 68
Storage ................................................................... 69
Preparing the Machine for Extended or
Winter Storage .............................................. 69
Troubleshooting ...................................................... 71
Schematics ............................................................. 75
Safety ....................................................................... 4
General Safety ................................................... 4
Safety and Instructional Decals .......................... 4
Setup ........................................................................ 9
1 Checking the Tire Air Pressure......................... 9
2 Checking the Engine-Oil Level ......................... 9
3 Checking the Transaxle-Fluid Level ................. 9
4 Connecting the Battery .................................. 10
Product Overview ................................................... 10
Controls ............................................................11
Machine Controls ...........................................11
Spreader Controls......................................... 13
Sprayer Controls ........................................... 14
Specifications .................................................. 16
Before Operation ................................................. 16
Before Operation Safety ................................... 16
Performing Daily Maintenance.......................... 17
Checking the Safety Interlock System............... 17
Fuel Specification ............................................. 18
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner ............................. 18
Filling the Fuel Tank .......................................... 18
During Operation ................................................. 19
During Operation Safety ................................... 19
Operating the Machine ..................................... 21
Operating the Spreader .................................... 23
Operating the Sprayer ...................................... 34
After Operation .................................................... 43
After Operation Safety ...................................... 43
Cleaning and Lubricating the Spreader ............. 43
Cleaning the Sprayer ........................................ 44
Transporting the Machine ................................. 46
Maintenance ........................................................... 48
Maintenance Safety.......................................... 48
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ........... 49
Notation for Areas of Concern........................... 49
Pre-Maintenance Procedures .............................. 50
Preparing the Machine...................................... 50
Lubrication .......................................................... 51
Lubricating the Grease Fittings ......................... 51
Engine Maintenance ........................................... 51
Servicing the Air Cleaner .................................. 51
Engine Oil Specification.................................... 52
Checking the Engine-Oil Level.......................... 52
Changing the Engine Oil ................................... 53
Servicing the Spark Plug................................... 54
Servicing the Spark Arrester ............................. 55
Fuel System Maintenance ................................... 57
Cleaning the Fuel Sediment Cup ...................... 57
Servicing the Fuel Strainer................................ 57
Electrical System Maintenance ........................... 59
Servicing the Battery......................................... 59
Removing and Installing the Battery.................. 61
Jump-Starting the Machine............................... 62
Servicing the Fuses .......................................... 62
Drive System Maintenance .................................. 63
Checking the Air Pressure in the Tires............... 63
3
Safety
• Keep clear of any discharge area of the sprayer
The following instructions are from ANSI standard
B71.4-2017.
•
•
General Safety
This product is capable of causing personal injury.
Always follow all safety instructions to avoid serious
personal injury.
nozzles and spray drift. Keep bystanders and pets
a safe distance away from the machine.
Keep children out of the operating area. Never
allow children to operate the machine.
Stop the machine, shut off the engine, and remove
the key before filling, emptying, servicing, or
unclogging the machine.
Improperly using or maintaining this machine can
result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury,
comply with these safety instructions and always
pay attention to the safety-alert symbol , which
means Caution, Warning, or Danger—personal safety
instruction. Failure to comply with these instructions
may result in personal injury or death.
Using this product for purposes other than its intended
use could prove dangerous to you and bystanders.
• Read and understand the contents of this
Operator’s Manual before starting the engine.
You can find additional safety information where
needed throughout this manual.
• Use appropriate personal protective equipment
(PPE) to guard against contact with chemicals.
Chemical substances used in the sprayer system
may be hazardous and toxic.
Also, go to www.Toro.com for even more safe
operating practices, including safety tips and training
materials.
• Do not put your hands or feet near moving
components of the machine.
Not all the attachments that adapt to this machine
are covered in this manual. Refer to the operator’s
manual provided with each attachment for additional
safety instructions.
• Do not operate the machine without all guards
and other safety protective devices in place and
working on the machine.
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area
of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or missing.
decal133-8062
133-8062
decal126-4122
126-4122
4. Start relay
5. Relay location
3. Regulator, 20 A
decal126-2620
126-2620
1. Pull lever up to disengage
the brake.
1. Fuse location
2. Main, 20 A
2. Push lever down to
engage the brake.
4
decal126-4161
126-4161
1. Agitation-Off
4. Narrow spray-On
2. Agitation-On
5. Wide spray-Off
3. Narrow spray-Off
6. Wide spray-On
decal126-2621
126-2621
1. Unlock to push machine.
3. Lock to drive machine.
2. Read the instructions
before servicing or
performing maintenance.
decal126-4994
126-4994
1. Cutting/dismemberment hazard—keep away from moving
parts.
2. Warning—do not use the upper front locations as tie down
points, only use the specified tie-down points; see the
Operator’s Manual for location.
5
decal126-5186
126-5186
1. Read the Operator's Manual before servicing the machine
or performing maintenance.
4. For more information on servicing the rear axle shafts, read
the Operator's Manual.
2. Grease the steering pivots every 100 hours.
5. Check the tire pressure—90kPa (13 psi) every 50 hours.
3. Check the hydraulic fluid level every 50 hours.
6. Read the Operator's Manual.
decal126-9655
126-9655
1. Hour meter
14. Spray pressure—decrease
2. Engine—off
15. Spray pressure—increase
3. Engine—on
16. Spray-wand-pressure control
4. Engine—start
17. Spray-wand-pressure control—off
5. Deflector—pull knob up to open
18. Spray-wand-pressure control—decrease
6. Deflector—push knob down to close
19. Spray-wand pressure control—increase
7. Spreader pattern control—rotate counterclockwise to unlock; 20. Spray-wand pressure control—on
rotate clockwise to lock.
8. Spread pattern control—pull handle up if heavy on left side
21. Granular-spinner lever—narrow distribution-on
9. Spread pattern control—push handle down if heavy on right
side
10. Throttle—fast
22. Granular-spinner lever—narrow distribution-off
23. Granular-spinner knob—narrow distribution-decrease
11. Continuous-variable setting
24. Granular-spinner knob—narrow distribution-increase
12. Throttle-slow
25. Granular-spinner lever—wide distribution-off
13. Spray-pressure control
26. Granular-spinner lever—wide distribution-on
6
decal135-2844
135-2844
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Fast
Slow
Neutral
Reverse
Warning—read the Operator’s Manual; do not operate this machine unless you are trained; wear ear protection.
6. Warning—stay away from moving parts; keep all guards and shields in place; shut off the engine and remove the key before
performing maintenance.
7. Warning—shut off the sprayer controls, put the machine in Neutral, engage the parking brake, and shut off the engine before
leaving the machine.
8. Runover/backover hazard—do not carry passengers; look behind you when moving in reverse.
9. Thrown object hazard—keep bystanders away.
10. Warning—operate across slopes, not up and down; you can fall if operating down slopes.
11. Caustic liquid/chemical burn and toxic gas inhalation hazard—wear hand and skin protection; wear eye and respiratory protection.
12. Warning—use fresh, clean water for first-aid washing and rinsing the tank.
13. Neutral
14. Move the steering control right to turn right.
15. Move the steering control to the center to go straight.
16. Move the steering control left to turn left.
7
decalspreadspraycontrol
Spreader Sprayer Control
1. Spray pump switch—On/Off
2. Solid light-normal pump operation
3. Fast flashing light-pump malfunction; see Operator’s manual.
4. Solid light-normal operation of spreader motor and speed control.
5. Fast flashing light-spreader motor and/or speed control malfunction; see Operator’s manual.
Constant slow flashing light-spreader motor speed setting locked.
6. Granular impeller motor and speed control—On/Off; press push button fast.
7. Granular speed control lock/unlock-On/Off; press and hold button.
8. Speed control—slow
9. Speed control—fast
8
Setup
Loose Parts
Use the chart below to verify that all parts have been shipped.
Procedure
Description
4
Use
Qty.
–
No parts required
Connect the battery.
Media and Additional Parts
Description
Use
Qty.
Operator's Manual
1
Read before operating the machine.
Key
2
Start the machine.
1
3
Checking the Tire Air
Pressure
Checking the
Transaxle-Fluid Level
No Parts Required
No Parts Required
Procedure
Procedure
Check the air pressure in the front and rear tires, and
if necessary, add air to the appropriate pressure; refer
to Checking the Air Pressure in the Tires (page 63).
The transaxle comes with fluid; check transaxle-fluid
level in the expansion tank, and if necessary, add to
the appropriate level; refer to Servicing the Transaxle
(page 65).
2
Checking the Engine-Oil
Level
No Parts Required
Procedure
The engine comes with oil; check the engine-oil level
and, if necessary, add to the appropriate level; refer to
Engine Oil Specification (page 52) and Checking the
Engine-Oil Level (page 52).
9
Product Overview
4
Connecting the Battery
No Parts Required
Procedure
1.
Remove the battery cover from the battery box
(Figure 3).
g033350
Figure 4
1. Motion/steering control
5. Hopper
2. Engine/spreader—sprayer
controls
3. Spray wand
6. Impeller
4. Hopper cover
g027115
Figure 3
1. Battery box
5. Battery cover
2. Battery support
6. Negative terminal
3. Buckle
4. Battery strap
7. Positive terminal
2.
3.
4.
Install the positive-battery cable to the positive
(+) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 3).
Install the negative-battery cable to the negative
(–) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 3).
Install the cover on the battery box and secure
the cover and box to the battery tray with the
battery strap (Figure 3).
10
7. Sprayer nozzles
g033345
Figure 6
1. Control console
2. Steering control
5. Front reference bar
6. Reverse
3. Rear reference bar
4. Motion-control lever
(Neutral position)
7. Forward
g033351
Figure 5
1. Fuel-tank cap
3. Sprayer-tank cap
2. Battery
4. Platform
Motion-Control Lever
Controls
The motion-control lever, located in the center of the
steering control, controls the forward and reverse
motion of the machine (see Figure 6).
Machine Controls
• Move the motion-control lever forward or backward
to drive the machine respectively.
Steering Control
Note: The machine speed is proportional to the
The steering control is located behind the control
console (see Figure 6).
amount that you move the motion-control lever.
• When you move the motion-control lever to the
• Move the steering control to the right or left to
center position, the machine should stop.
steer the machine to the right or left respectively.
Note: When you release the motion-control lever,
• Moving the steering control to the center allows
it should return to the NEUTRAL position.
the machine to steer straight.
Important: If the motion-control lever does
not return to the NEUTRAL position when you
release it, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
11
Throttle Control
Fuel-Shut-Off Valve
The throttle control (the red lever) is located at the left
side of the control console (Figure 7).
The fuel-shut-off valve is located at the front, right side
of the engine below the fuel tank (Figure 8).
Note: Close the fuel-shut-off valve when the machine
is not used for a few days, during transport to and
from the job site, or when the machine is parked
inside a building.
g033346
Figure 7
1. Hour meter
2. Ignition switch
3. Choke
4. Throttle
g033352
Figure 8
1. Fuel-shut-off valve (right side of the engine)
Choke Control
The choke control is located at the left side of the
control console; you use it to help start a cold engine
(Figure 7).
Parking-Brake Lever
The parking-brake lever is located above the platform
on the right side (Figure 9).
• To engage the parking brake, push the
parking-brake lever down.
Note: Do not start or run a warm engine with the
choke in the ON position.
• Pull up on the choke control to set the choke to
Note: The brake lever engages a parking brake
the ON position.
• Push down on the choke control to set the choke
•
to the OFF position.
in the transaxle.
To release the parking brake, pull the lever up.
Ignition Switch
The ignition switch is located at the left side of the
control console (Figure 7).
Use the ignition switch to start and shut off the engine.
The ignition switch has three positions, OFF, ON and
START .
Note: You must engage the parking brake to start
the engine.
Hour Meter
The hour meter is located above the ignition switch at
the left side of the control console (Figure 7).
g025162
Figure 9
1. Drive-wheel-release lever
2. Platform
The hour meter records the number of hours that the
machine has operated.
12
3. Park-brake lever
• Push the knob for the deflector-gate control down
Note: When parking on a steep slope, chock or block
the wheels in addition to engaging the parking brake.
When transporting the machine, engage the parking
brake and bind the machine to the transport vehicle.
•
Drive-Wheel-Release Lever
to close the gate and temporarily deflect the
granular materials.
Pull the knob up to open the deflector gate for full
granular broadcasting.
Spreader-Pattern Control
The drive-wheel-release lever is located above the
platform on the left side (Figure 9).
The spreader-pattern control is located to the right
of the deflector-gate control at the control console
(Figure 10).
Use the drive-wheel-release lever to disengage the
hydrostatic-drive system to move the machine by
hand.
• To push or pull the machine, move the
drive-wheel-release lever up.
• To operate the machine, move the
drive-wheel-release lever down.
Use the spreader-pattern control to broadcast a
heavier pattern of granular material to the left or right
side of the machine.
• To broadcast a heavier pattern to the left, unlock
the spreader-pattern control, pull the control up
slightly, and lock the control.
• To broadcast a heavier pattern to the right, unlock
the spreader-pattern control, push the control
down slightly, and lock the control.
Spreader Controls
Deflector Gate Control
Wide-distribution Impeller-Gate Lever
The deflector-gate control is located to the right of the
hour meter on the control console (Figure 10).
The wide-distribution impeller-gate lever is the fourth
lever located at the top center of the control console
(Figure 10).
• To broadcast a wide pattern of granular material,
pull the wide-distribution impeller-gate lever
rearward fully to the full open position.
• To close the impeller gate, push the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever forward full
closed position.
Narrow-distribution Impeller-Gate Lever
The narrow-distribution impeller-gate lever is the fifth
lever located at the top center of the control console
(Figure 10).
• To broadcast a narrow pattern of granular material,
pull the narrow-distribution impeller-gate lever
rearward fully to the limited OPEN position.
• To close the impeller gate, push the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever forward fully.
g033347
Figure 10
1. Deflector-gate control
2. Spreader-pattern control
3. Wide-distribution
impeller-gate lever
Note: Only the wide-distribution impeller-gate
lever closes the impeller gate. Pushing the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever forward also
resets the narrow-distribution impeller-gate lever
to the forward position.
5. Narrow-spreader
distribution flow-rate
knob
6. Impeller On/Off switch
7. Impeller-speed control
Narrow-Spreader Distribution Flow-Rate Knob
4. Narrow-distribution
impeller-gate lever
The narrow-spreader distribution flow-rate knob is
located below the wide- and narrow-impeller-gate
levers (Figure 10).
Use the deflector-gate control to temporarily stop
the discharge of granular materials from the left side
of the spreader. Close the deflector gate with the
control when it is not desirable to broadcast granular
materials onto sidewalks, parking lots, or patios.
Use the narrow-spreader distribution-flow-rate knob to
control the discharge rate of granular material from the
hopper onto the impeller when the narrow-distribution
impeller-gate lever is in the OPEN position (limited).
13
• Rotate the narrow-spreader distribution-flow-rate
The slot in the cam, after setting 9 on the cam, allows
the impeller gate to be opened to the maximum
position. This setting can be used for dry sand, ice
melt, or other materials that are difficult to spread.
knob clockwise to decrease the discharge rate of
granular material from the hopper.
• Rotate the distribution flow-rate-knob
counterclockwise to increase the discharge rate of
granular material from the hopper.
Note: Use cam setting 9 may when you are cleaning
out the hopper.
Impeller On/Off Switch
Sprayer Controls
The impeller On/Off switch is located below the
impeller-distribution flow-rate knob at the bottom of
the control console (Figure 10).
Use the impeller On/Off switch to run the electric
motor that drives the impeller.
• Press the impeller On/Off switch up to run the
impeller.
• Press the impeller On/Off switch down to stop the
impeller.
Impeller-speed Control
The impeller-speed control is located to the right of
the impeller On/Off switch at the bottom of the control
console (Figure 10).
Use the impeller-speed control to adjust the rotational
speed of the impeller.
g033348
• Rotate the impeller-speed control counterclockwise
Figure 12
to decrease the rotational speed of the impeller.
• Rotate the impeller-speed control clockwise to
increase the impeller speed.
1. Sprayer-pressure control
5. Sprayer wand
2. Tank-agitation lever
6. Sprayer-pressure gauge
3. Narrow-spray pattern lever 7. Sprayer-pump switch
4. Wide-spray pattern lever
Drop-rate Cam and Linkage
The drop-rate cam and linkage are located at the front
of the machine and below the hopper on the spreader
(Figure 11).
8. Wand pressure control
Sprayer Pressure Control
The sprayer-pressure control is located on the control
console (Figure 12).
• Rotate the sprayer-pressure control clockwise to
increase the pressure to the sprayer nozzles
• Rotate the pressure-control counterclockwise to
the decrease nozzle pressure.
Tank Agitation Lever
The tank-agitation lever is located on the control
console (Figure 12).
Setting the tank-agitation lever to the ON position
allows the sprayer pump to circulate the content in the
spray tank to keep the chemical solution mixed.
g027033
Figure 11
1. Slot–maximum position
2. Linkage
• Pull the tank-agitation lever rearward to circulate
the content in the spray tank.
Use the drop-rate cam to set the maximum amount of
material to be dispensed through the impeller gate
and onto the impeller.
• Push the lever forward to stop circulating the
content in the spray tank.
14
Note: Do not use agitation while spraying. Shut
off the tank agitation to ensure proper spray
distribution.
Note: Run the engine speed above idle and run the
sprayer pump for the tank agitation to work effectively.
Narrow-Spray Pattern Lever
The narrow-spray pattern lever is located on the
control console (Figure 12).
• To turn ON the sprayer in a narrow-spray pattern
(the center nozzle only), pull the narrow-spray
pattern lever toward you.
• To turn OFF the sprayer, push the narrow-spray
pattern lever away from you.
g033343
Figure 13
1. Trigger lock
3. Trigger
2. Spray-wand handle
Wide-Spray Pattern Lever
Tank Drain Valve
The wide-spray pattern lever is located on the control
console (Figure 12).
• To turn ON the sprayer in a wide-spray pattern (the
right and left nozzles), pull the wide-spray pattern
lever toward you.
• To turn OFF the sprayer, push the wide-spray
pattern lever away from you.
The tank drain valve is located at the left side and
under the sprayer tank (Figure 15).
Use the tank drain valve to empty the sprayer tank
of liquid chemicals.
Sprayer-Pressure Gauge
The sprayer-pressure gauge is located on the control
console (Figure 12).
Use the pressure gauge to see the fluid pressure in
the sprayer system.
Sprayer-Pump Switch
The sprayer-pump switch is located on the control
console (Figure 12).
Use the sprayer-pump switch to start and stop the
pump when spraying or circulating the fluid in the
sprayer tank (tank-agitation).
• To start the pump, push down on the top of the
sprayer-pump switch.
• To stop the pump, push down on the bottom of
the switch.
g027226
Figure 14
1. Handle (open position)
3. Sprayer tank
2. Tank drain valve
• To open the valve, rotate the handle of the tank
drain valve 90° clockwise (lever in-line with valve).
Spray-Wand Trigger and Trigger Lock
• To close the valve, rotate the handle 90°
The spray-wand trigger and trigger lock are located
on the bottom of the spray-wand handle (Figure 12
and Figure 13).
• To use the spray wand, hold the handle of the
wand squeeze the trigger.
• To lock the trigger to the ON position, fully squeeze
the trigger against the handle and then latch the
trigger lock over the trigger; to unlock the trigger,
unlatch the trigger lock from the trigger.
• Release the trigger to stop the spray.
counterclockwise.
Sprayer-Pump-Supply Valve
The sprayer-pump-supply valve is located at the
right side of the machine and under the sprayer tank
(Figure 15).
Use the sprayer-pump-supply valve to shut off the
flow of liquid chemicals to the pump.
15
Operation
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the
machine from the normal operating position.
Before Operation
Before Operation Safety
General Safety
• Park the machine on a level surface; shut off the
engine; engage the parking brake; remove the
key; wait for all movement to stop; and allow
the machine to cool before adjusting, cleaning,
storing, or servicing it.
g027227
Figure 15
1. Sprayer tank
3. Handle (open position)
• Never allow children or untrained people to operate
2. Sprayer-pump-supply
valve
the machine. Local regulations may restrict the
age of the operator. The owner is responsible for
training all operators and mechanics.
• To open the valve, rotate the handle valve 90°
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the
clockwise (lever in-line with valve).
equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
• To close the valve, rotate the handle 90°
• Know how to stop the machine and shut off the
counterclockwise.
engine quickly.
• Check that operator-presence controls, safety
Specifications
Overall width
90 cm (35.5
inches)
Overall length
171 cm (67.5
inches)
Overall height
131 cm (51.5
inches)
Weight
Maximum
machine weight
sprayer tank and
hopper empty
227 kg (500 lb)
only hopper full
307 kg (676 lb)
only sprayer tank
full
309 kg (682 lb)
sprayer tank and
hopper empty and
1 extra bag of
granular material
in the tank
412 kg (909 lb)
loaded machine +
operator
≤ 513 kg (1130 lb)
Hopper capacity
79 kg (175 lb)
Sprayer tank
capacity
76 L (20 US
gallon)
Maximum ground
speed
forward
switches, and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate the machine unless they
are functioning properly.
• If the machine does not function correctly or is
damaged in any way, do not use the machine.
Correct the problem before you operate the
machine or attachment.
• Ensure that the operator area is clean and free
from chemical residue and debris buildup.
• Ensure that all fluid line connectors are tight and
that all hoses are in good condition before applying
pressure to the system.
Chemical Safety
Chemical substances used in the sprayer system
may be hazardous and toxic to you, bystanders, and
animals, and they may damage plants, soil, and other
property.
If you will use more than 1 chemical, read the
information on each chemical. Refuse to operate or
work on the sprayer if this information is not available.
9 kph (5.5 mph)
Before working on a sprayer system, ensure that it
has been neutralized and triple rinsed according to
the recommendations of the chemical manufacturer(s)
and that all the valves have been cycled 3 times.
16
• Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
Verify that there is an adequate supply of clean water
and soap nearby, and immediately wash off any
chemicals that contact you.
sources of ignition.
• Use only an approved fuel container.
• Carefully read and follow the chemical warning
• Do not remove the fuel cap or fill the fuel tank
labels and material safety data sheets (MSDS) for
all chemicals used, and protect yourself according
to the chemical manufacturer's recommendations.
while the engine is running or hot.
• Do not add or drain the fuel in an enclosed space.
• Always protect your body while using chemicals.
• Do not store the machine or fuel container where
Use the appropriate personal protective equipment
(PPE) to guard against contact with chemicals,
such as the following:
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such
as on a water heater or other appliance.
• If you spill fuel, do not attempt to start the engine;
– safety glasses, goggles, and/or face shield
avoid creating any source of ignition until the fuel
vapors have dissipated.
– a chemical suit
– a respirator or filter mask
Performing Daily
Maintenance
– chemical-resistant gloves
– rubber boots or other substantial footwear
– a clean change of clothes, soap, and
disposable towels for cleanup
Before starting the machine each day, perform the
following daily-check procedures:
• Obtain proper training before using or handling
chemicals.
• Use the correct chemical for the job.
• Follow the chemical manufacturer's instructions for
the safely applying the chemical. Do not exceed
the recommended system application pressure.
• Do not fill, calibrate, or clean the machine while
•
Checking the Engine-Oil Level (page 52)
•
Checking the Safety Interlock System (page 17)
•
Checking the Machine for Loose Hardware (page
67)
Checking the Safety
Interlock System
people, especially children, or pets are in the area.
• Handle chemicals in a well-ventilated area.
• Have clean water available, especially when filling
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
the spray tank.
• Do not eat, drink, or smoke while working near
CAUTION
chemicals.
If interlock switch is disconnected or damaged
the machine could operate unexpectedly
causing personal injury.
• Do not clean spray nozzles by blowing through
them or placing them in your mouth.
• Always wash your hands and other exposed areas
• Do not tamper with the interlock switch.
as soon as possible after working with chemicals.
• Check the operation of the interlock switch
daily and replace damaged switch before
operating the machine.
• Keep chemicals in their original packages and
stored in a safe location.
• Properly dispose of unused chemicals and
chemical containers as instructed by the chemical
manufacturer and your local codes.
Important: Ensure that the safety mechanisms
on your machine are connected and in proper
operating condition prior to operating your
machine.
• Chemicals and fumes are dangerous; never enter
the tank or place your head over or in the opening
of a tank.
The safety interlock system is designed to prevent the
engine from starting unless you engage the parking
brake.
• Follow all local, state, and federal regulations for
spreading or spraying chemicals.
Fuel Safety
• Use extreme care in handling fuel. It is flammable
and its vapors are explosive.
17
Testing the Starter Interlock
Add the correct amount of fuel stabilizer/conditioner
to the gasoline.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1.
Move the machine to a level surface.
2.
Chock the wheels of the machine.
3.
Disconnect the spark-plug wires.
4.
Release the parking brake.
5.
With the motion-control lever in the NEUTRAL
position turn the key to the START position.
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective
when mixed with fresh gasoline. To minimize the
chance of varnish deposits in the fuel system, use fuel
stabilizer at all times.
Filling the Fuel Tank
Fuel tank capacity: 6.1 L (1.6 US gallons)
Note: The starter must not rotate the engine.
• If the starter rotates the engine of your
Note: Refueling the engine is difficult when using a
larger refueling container such as a container with a
19 L (5 US gal) capacity.
To make fueling the machine easier, use a 4 to 8 L (1
to 2 US gal) fuel container and a funnel.
machine—the machine does not pass
this test, do not operate it. Contact your
authorized Toro distributor.
• If the starter does not rotate the engine—the
machine does pass the test: engage the
parking brake, connect the spark-plug wire
to the spark plug, and remove the chock(s)
from the wheels.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface and shut
off the engine.
2.
Allow the engine to cool.
3.
Clean around the fuel-tank cap and remove it
(Figure 16).
Fuel Specification
Petroleum Use unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87
fuel
or higher ((R+M)/2 rating method).
Use an unleaded-gasoline blend with up to 10%
ethanol (gasohol) or 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary
butyl ether) by volume is acceptable. Ethanol and
MTBE are not the same.
Ethanol
blended
fuel
Gasoline with 15% ethanol (E15) by volume is
not approved for use. Never use gasoline that
contains more than 10% ethanol by volume, such
as E15 (contains 15% ethanol), E20 (contains
20% ethanol), or E85 (contains up to 85%
ethanol). Using unapproved gasoline may cause
performance problems and/or engine damage
which may not be covered under warranty.
g249048
Figure 16
Important: For best results, use only clean, fresh
fuel (less than 30 days old).
4.
• Do not use gasoline containing methanol.
• Do not store fuel either in the fuel tank or fuel
Fill the tank with fuel (Figure 16) to within 6 to 13
mm (1/4 to 1/2 inch) from the top of the tank. Do
not fill into the filler neck of the tank.
Important: Do not fill the tank more than
containers over the winter unless you use a fuel
stabilizer.
6 mm (1/4 inch) from the top of the tank
because the fuel needs room to expand.
• Do not add oil to gasoline.
Using
Stabilizer/Conditioner
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to
provide the following benefits:
Important: Do not use fuel additives containing
methanol or ethanol.
18
5.
Install the fuel-tank cap securely.
6.
Wipe up any spilled fuel.
During Operation
• Look behind and down before backing up to be
sure of a clear path.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
During Operation Safety
trees, or other objects that may obscure your
vision.
General Safety
• Do not operate the machine near drop-offs,
ditches, or embankments. The machine could
suddenly roll over if a wheel goes over the edge
or if the edge gives way.
• The owner/operator can prevent and is responsible
for accidents that may cause personal injury or
property damage.
• Reduce the speed and load when operating on
• Wear appropriate clothing, including eye
rough terrain, uneven ground, and near curbs,
holes, and other sudden changes in terrain.
Loads may shift, causing the machine to become
unstable.
protection; long pants; substantial, slip-resistant
footwear; and hearing protection. Tie back long
hair, secure loose clothing, and do not wear loose
jewelry.
• Stop the machine, shut off the engine, remove
• Wear appropriate personal protective equipment
the key, engage the parking brake, and inspect
for damage after striking an object or if there is
an abnormal vibration in the machine. Make all
necessary repairs before resuming operation.
as directed in Chemical Safety (page 16).
• Use your full attention while operating the
machine. Do not engage in any activity that
causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property
damage may occur.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns
and crossing roads and sidewalks with the
machine. Always yield the right-of-way.
• Do not operate the machine while ill, tired, or
under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Use extra caution when operating the machine on
• Never carry passengers on the machine and keep
bystanders and pets away from the machine
during operation.
wet surfaces, in adverse weather conditions, at
higher speeds, or with a full load. Stopping time
and distance increase in these conditions.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting
• Never run an engine in an enclosed area where
your foot on the ground. If you lose control of the
machine, step off the platform and away from the
machine.
exhaust gasses can collect.
• Never leave a running machine unattended.
• Do not touch the engine or muffler while the engine
• Do not place your feet under the platform.
• Do not move the machine unless you are standing
is running or soon after it has shut off. These
areas may be hot enough to cause burns.
with both feet on the platform and your hands are
holding onto the reference bars.
• Before leaving the operating position, do the
following:
• Operate the machine only in good visibility to avoid
holes or hidden hazards.
– Stop the machine on level ground.
• Before you start the engine, ensure that you are
– Shut the wide-distribution impeller-gate for the
spreader and shut off the sprayer-pump switch.
in the operating position, the transmission is in
neutral, and the parking brake is engaged.
– Shut off the engine and remove the key.
• Before you start the engine, ensure that you are
– Engage the parking brake.
in the operating position, the transmission is in
neutral, and the parking brake is engaged.
– Wait for all moving parts to stop.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
• Do not operate the machine when there is the risk
trees, or other objects that may obscure your
vision.
of lightning.
• Do not use the machine as a towing vehicle.
• Ensure that you have good footing while using this
• Do not change the governor speed or overspeed
machine, especially when backing up.
the engine.
• Keep clear of any discharge area of the sprayer
• Use accessories and attachments approved by
nozzles and spray drift. Keep bystanders and pets
a safe distance away from the machine.
Toro only.
• Never spray or spread chemicals while people,
especially children, or pets are nearby.
19
Sprayer and Spreader Operation
Safety
use common sense and good judgment when
performing this survey.
• Avoid starting, stopping, or turning the machine
• The spray wand traps liquids under high pressure,
on slopes. Travel up and down on slopes. Avoid
making sudden changes in speed or direction.
If you must turn the machine, turn it slowly and
gradually downhill, if possible. Use care when
reversing the machine.
even when engine is off. High-pressure spray
could cause serious injury or death.
– Keep clear of nozzle and do not direct spray
or stream at people, pets, or non-work area
property.
• Do not operate a machine when you are uncertain
– Do not direct spray on or near electrical-power
components or source.
about the traction, steering, or stability.
• Remove or mark obstructions such as ditches,
– Do not attach hoses or other components to
the end of the spray-wand nozzle.
holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden hazards.
Tall grass can hide obstructions. Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine.
– Do not attempt to disconnect the spray
wand from the machine while the system is
pressurized.
• Be aware that operating the machine on wet
surfaces, across slopes, or downhill may cause
the machine to lose traction. Loss of traction to the
wheels may result in sliding and a loss of braking
and steering.
– Do not use spray wand if trigger lock is
damaged or missing.
– Rotate the spray-wand lock to the OFF position
when job is complete.
• Use extreme caution when operating the machine
near drop-offs, ditches, embankments, water
hazards, or other hazards. The machine could
suddenly roll over if a wheel goes over the edge
or the edge caves in. Establish a safety area
between the machine and any hazard.
• Do not touch the impeller for the spreader while
the impeller is rotating.
• Stop spreading/spraying when making tight turns
to minimize chemical drift.
• Chemicals may drift and cause injury to people
• Use extra care while operating the machine with
and animals; it may also damage plants, soil, or
other property.
attachments; they can affect the stability of the
machine.
• Liquid loads and granular materials can shift. This
• If the engine stalls or you begin to lose momentum
shifting happens most often while turning, going
up or down hills, suddenly changing speeds, or
while driving over rough surfaces. Shifting loads
can cause the machine to tip over.
while climbing a hill, gradually apply the brakes
and slowly back straight down the hill.
• Always keep the transmission in gear (if applicable)
when you drive the machine down a slope.
• Safely relieve pressure from spray wand every
• Do not park the machine on an incline.
time the engine is shut off.
• When draining or relieving system, do not let
• The weight of the material in the tank can change
anyone stand in front of nozzles and do not drain
on a person’s feet.
the handling of the machine. To avoid loss of
control and personal injury, follow these guidelines:
– When operating with a heavy load, reduce your
speed and allow for sufficient braking distance.
Do not suddenly apply the brakes. Use extra
caution on slopes.
Slope Safety
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and
rollover accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. You are responsible for safe slope operation.
Operating the machine on any slope requires extra
caution.
– Liquid loads shift, especially while turning,
going up or down slopes, suddenly changing
speeds, or while driving over rough surfaces.
Shifting loads can cause the machine to tip
over.
• Review the slope instructions listed below for
operating the machine on slopes and to determine
whether you can operate the machine in the
conditions on that day and at that job site.
Changes in the terrain can result in a change in
slope operation for the machine.
• Determine if the slope is safe for machine
operation, including surveying the site. Always
20
Operating the Machine
Opening and Closing the
Fuel-Shut-Off Valve
Extending and Retracting the
Operator’s Platform
Control fuel flow to the engine with the fuel-shut-off
valve as follows:
• Rotate the handle for the fuel-shut-off valve 90
degrees clockwise to the open the valve.
Extending the Operator’s Platform
1.
• Rotate fuel-shut-off valve handle 90 degrees
Pull the platform-lock knob inward until the pin of
clears the upper hole in the chassis (Figure 17).
counterclockwise to close the valve.
g027146
Figure 18
g027430
Figure 17
1. Platform-lock knob
2. Operator’s platform
2.
3.
1. Fuel tank
3. Lower chassis hole
2. Fuel-shutoff valve (open
position)
Rotate the operator’s platform down until the pin
of the platform lock aligns with the lower hole in
the chassis (Figure 17).
Starting the Engine
Move the platform-lock knob outward until the
pin protrudes through the lower hole (Figure 17).
Retracting the Operator’s Platform
1.
Pull the platform-lock knob inward until the pin
clears the upper hole in the chassis (Figure 17).
2.
Rotate the operator’s platform up until the pin of
the platform lock aligns with the upper hole in
the chassis (Figure 17).
3.
3. Fuel-shutoff valve (closed
position)
1.
Ensure that the fuel-shutoff valve is open; refer
to Opening and Closing the Fuel-Shut-Off Valve
(page 21).
2.
Move the steering-control/motion-control
lever in NEUTRAL position and engage the
parking brake; refer to Steering Control (page
11), Motion-Control Lever (page 11), and
Parking-Brake Lever (page 12).
Note: To start the engine, you must engage the
parking brake. (You can start the engine while
you are off the platform.)
Move the platform-lock knob outward until the
pin protrudes through the upper hole (Figure 17).
3.
21
Move the throttle lever midway between the
SLOW and FAST positions; refer to Throttle
Control (page 12).
4.
5.
If the engine is cold, pull up the choke control to
the ON position; refer to Choke Control (page
12).
Important: If the motion-control lever does not
return to the NEUTRAL position when you release
it, contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Note: If the engine is warm , push down the
choke lever to the OFF position.
Important: To begin moving the machine
(forward or backward), the parking-brake lever
must be released (pulled up) before you move the
motion-control lever.
Rotate the ignition switch to the START position;
refer to Ignition Switch (page 12).
Note: When the engine starts, release the
Driving the Machine Forward
switch.
Important: Do not crank the engine
continuously for more than 10 seconds at a
time. If the engine does not start, allow a 60
second cool-down period between starting
attempts. Failure to follow these guidelines
can overheat the starter motor
6.
2.
Place the throttle in the midway between the
SLOW and FAST positions; refer to Throttle
Control (page 12).
3.
Run the engine for a minimum of 15 seconds,
then turn the ignition switch to the OFF position;
refer to Ignition Switch (page 12).
4.
Engage the parking brake; refer to Parking-Brake
Lever (page 12).
5.
Remove the key; refer to Ignition Switch (page
12).
6.
Close the fuel-shutoff valve when you are
not using the machine for a few days, when
transporting it, or when it is parked inside a
building; refer to Opening and Closing the
Fuel-Shut-Off Valve (page 21).
2.
Release the parking brake.
3.
To drive the machine, perform the following:
line, center the steering control and move
the motion-control lever forward.
Note: The machine moves faster the farther
you move the motion-control lever away from
the NEUTRAL position.
Shutting Off the Engine
Move the steering-control/motion-control lever
to the NEUTRAL position and bring the machine
to a full stop; refer to Steering Control (page 11)
and Motion-Control Lever (page 11).
Move the motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL
position.
• To move the machine forward in a straight
If the choke control is in the ON position,
gradually move the lever down, toward the OFF
position as the engine warms up.
1.
1.
g020125
Figure 19
• To turn left or right, move the steering control
Driving the Machine
toward the desired turn direction.
• To stop the machine, move the motion-control
CAUTION
lever in the NEUTRAL position.
Machine can turn rapidly by moving the
steering control to the far right or left.
Operator may lose control of the machine,
which may cause damage to the machine or
injury.
• Use caution when making turns.
• Slow down the machine before making
sharp turns.
Note: Stopping distance may vary
depending on the spreader-sprayer load.
Note: When you release the motion-control
lever, it automatically returns to the NEUTRAL
position.
22
Before Operating the Spreader
Driving the Machine in Reverse
1.
Move the motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL
position.
2.
To move the machine rearward in a straight line,
slowly move the motion-control lever rearward.
Before you start using the spreader, calibrate the
spreader for the material that you will disperse; refer
to Calibrating the Spreader (page 23).
Important: Prior to filling the hopper, verify that
you have set the proper spreader-application rate.
Calibrating the Spreader
Calibrate the spreader each time you use a new
material. The spreader broadcasts material in a
pattern 1.5 to 6.7 m (5 to 22 ft) wide depending on the
material particle size, volume/density, rate of travel,
and wind conditions.
Use the Spreading Charts (page 29) along with
information from Determining the Distribution Pattern
(page 24), Determining the Effective Spreading Width
(page 25), and Calculating the Application Rate (page
25) when calibrating the spreader.
g020126
Figure 20
Preparing the Test Site and Machine
To turn left or right, move the steering control
toward the desired turn direction.
3.
Operator supplied equipment: 15 shallow collection
pans and 15 graduated measuring cylinders
To stop the machine, move the motion-control
lever to the NEUTRAL position.
Note: The most accurate method to measure
the distribution uses shallow collection pans and
graduated measuring cylinders. In the example below,
the 15 shallow collection pans approximately 30 cm
(12 inches) wide, 91 cm (36 inches) long, and 5 cm
(2 inches) tall.
Note: Stopping distance may vary depending
on the spreader-sprayer load.
Operating the Spreader
1.
Place one pan in the center of the drive path.
Arrange the next two pans, one on each side,
far enough apart to allow adequate room for the
drive tires of the machine to pass around the
center pan.
2.
Place the remaining pans in a straight line as
shown in Figure 21 or Figure 22.
CAUTION
Chemicals are hazardous and can cause
personal injury.
• Read the chemical manufacture’s
directions on the label before handling
the chemicals; follow all manufacturer
recommendations and precautions.
• Keep chemicals away from your skin.
Should contact occur, wash the affected
area thoroughly with soap and clean water.
• Wear eye protection, gloves, and any other
protective equipment recommended by the
chemical manufacturer.
• For larger granule materials:
Space 6 additional pans, on each side, 12
inches (30 cm) apart (Figure 21).
Use the spreader to disperses free-flowing granular
substances such as grass seed, fertilizer, ice melt,
etc. When you use the spreader, first fill the granular
hopper, then apply the granular materials to the work
site, and finally clean the hopper.
Important: When you use your spreader,
thoroughly clean it at the end of the day.
23
4.
Determine the application rate and the related
drop-rate cam setting; refer to Spreading Charts
(page 29).
5.
Rotate the drop rate cam (Figure 23) to the cam
setting you determined in step 4.
g027328
Figure 21
Pan spacing for larger granule materials
1. Spreader moving toward
pans
4. L1 and R1 collection pan
gap (spread apart to allow
machine to pass through)
2. Center pan
5. 30 cm (12 inch) gap
3. Collection pans (gap
between each)
6. Graduated measuring
cylinder
g259776
Figure 23
1. Drop rate cam
6.
• For small granule materials:
Place 6 additional pans, on each side, with
no gap in between each pan (Figure 22).
Fill the hopper approximately half-full with the
desired material; refer to Filling the Spreader
Hopper (page 26).
Determining the Distribution Pattern
1.
Set the spreader pattern control to the middle of
its travel; refer to .
2.
Set the impeller speed to the appropriate
broadcasting rate.
3.
Drive the machine toward the test site at the
appropriate speed.
4.
As you approach the center pan, pull the wide
distribution granular gate control to the open
position, and drive over the center pan.
5.
Close the gate control, move motion-control
lever to the NEUTRAL position, shut off the
engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, remove
key, and engage parking brake.
6.
Label each graduated measuring cylinder to
correspond with the distribution pans (such as
L2, L1, Center, R1, R2); refer to Figure 21 and
Figure 22.
7.
One at a time, take a collection pan and dump
the contents into the corresponding graduated
cylinder. Record the amount of material
collected and return the pan to its location.
Repeat this until all pan contents have been
emptied.
g027327
Figure 22
Pan spacing for small granule materials
1. Spreader moving toward
pans
4. Right collection pans (no
gap between each)
2. Center collection pan
5. L1 and R1 collection pan
gap (spread apart to allow
machine to pass through)
3. Lest collection pans (no
gap between each)
6. Graduated measuring
cylinder
3.
Move the machine far enough away from the
test area (where the collection pans are located)
to ensure that the machine travels at the desired
spreading speed before reaching the site.
Note: Repeat broadcasting over the test site
several times, moving in the same direction
each time, until enough material is dispensed to
the collection pan to half fill a graduated cylinder.
24
8.
9.
10.
Calculating the Application Rate
With the graduated measuring cylinder in the
same straight line as the pans, evaluate the
volume of material in each cylinder to determine
the quality of the distribution from the spreader.
1.
To adjust the spreader pattern, refer to the
Adjusting the Spreader Pattern (page 30).
Record the job site area
.
here:
Fill the hopper half-full of the desired material
and repeat steps 1 through 9 until you achieve
a uniform pattern.
Record the amount of job site material
here:
.
2.
Determining the Effective Spreading Width
Use the effective width to determine the uniform
distribution of the material.
Note: The spreading width range is 6 to 8 m (20 to
25 ft).
1.
2.
3.
Initially, use the recommended application rate
indicated in the Spreading Charts (page 29)
section or use the rate recommended listed on
the product manufacturer’s label as a guide to
help determine the amount of material that you
would spread over a 93 m2 (1,000 ft2) area.
Note: In this example the calibration course is
1.8 m (6 ft) by 51m (167 ft).
After the spreader pattern is correctly adjusted,
evaluate the amount of material in the center
graduated measuring cylinder.
3.
Locate the 2 graduated cylinder, one each side
of center, that contain 1/2 the measured amount
of the material that you observed in the center
graduated cylinder.
Set the appropriate drop-rate cam setting; refer
to the Spreading Charts (page 29) as a starting
point.
4.
Add material to the hopper.
Note: In this example we added 11.3 kg (25
lb) of material.
Go to the two corresponding pans. Starting from
the outer edge, measure the distance between
left pan, across the center pan, to the outer edge
of the right pan, and record the measurement.
5.
Drive the spreader over the calibration course
while applying the material.
6.
Empty the remaining material of the hopper into
a clean bucket; refer to Emptying the Spreader
(page 26).
7.
Weigh the bucket containing the material and
record the weight. Pour the contents back
into the hopper and then weigh the empty
bucket. Calculate the remaining material weight
using the remaining material weight formula.
Record the remaining material weight
here:
.
Record the effective spreading width
here:
.
Preparing the Calibration Course for
Calculating the Application Rate
1.
Determine the area and amount of material that
you are applying to the job site and record those
amounts in the area and materials worksheet.
Determine a course length by dividing 93 m2
(1,000 ft2) by the effective spread width that
you determined in Determining the Effective
Spreading Width (page 25); use the course
length formula. Record the course length
here:
.
Remaining Material Weight Formula
Calibration Course Length Formula
m2(1,000
Formula
ft2)
93
/ Effective width
measurement
=
Formula
Calibration course
length
Example
Example
m2(1,000
ft2)
93
/ 1.8 m (6 ft)
=
= Remaining material
weight
10 kg (22 lb) —
1 kg (2 lb)
=
9 kg (20 lb)
51 m (167 ft)
Note: In this example, 9 kg (20 lb) of material
remain in the hopper after applying the material
to the test course.
Note: In this example the effective width
measures 1.8 m (6 ft).
2.
(Remaining
material and
bucket weight) (Bucket weight)
8.
Measure and visibly mark the course length.
Ensure that you allow enough distance before
the starting marker so that the spreader moving
forward at full speed when crossing the first
mark of the course.
25
Calculate applies material weigh using
the applied material formula that follows.
Record the applied material weight
here:
.
Applied Material Weight Formula
Formula
Example
(Original
material weight)
- (Remaining
material weight)
11.3 kg (25 lb)
— 9 kg (20 lb)
=
Applied material
weight
=
2.3 kg (5 lb)
3
Note: This calculation means that 2.3 kg (5 lb)
of material was applied to the 93 m2 (1,000 ft2)
test course.
9.
If necessary, adjust the drop-rate cam to achieve
the recommended application rate. Once you
achieve the correct application rate, repeat
this procedure an additional time to verify your
results.
Important: Designate a new calibration
course each time, so that the turf is not
damaged by excessive application of
material.
g027326
Figure 24
1. Cover
2. Hopper
Filling the Spreader Hopper
5.
Maximum hopper weight capacity: 79 kg (175 lb)
1.
Drive the machine to the work site.
2.
Move the machine to a level surface, move
motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
3.
Ensure that the wide-distribution impeller-gate
lever is in the fully forward (closed) position;
refer to Wide-distribution Impeller-Gate Lever
(page 13).
4.
Use the Spreading Charts (page 29) to
determine the setting for the drop-rate cam
(Figure 24).
3. Drop-rate cam
Remove the cover from the hopper, add the
material that you are spreading, and install the
cover onto the hopper (Figure 24).
Note: Do not overload the hopper; the
maximum weight capacity of the hopper is 79
kg (175 lb).
Note: You may place 1 extra bag of granular
product on top of the sprayer tank if necessary.
Emptying the Spreader
Removing the Impeller
Note: If the setting is not listed for the type of
1.
Move the machine to a level surface, move
motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
2.
Empty the hopper by scooping out as much of
the material as possible.
3.
Remove the 4 thumbscrews that secure the front
cover ( below the impeller) to the chassis, and
remove the cover (Figure 25).
material that you are using, set the cam to the
setting with a lower value then adjust as needed.
26
g033530
Figure 25
1. Forward cover
2. Clip nut
4.
3. Thumb screw
Remove the drive pin that secure the impeller to
the shaft of the impeller motor, and remove the
impeller from the shaft (Figure 26 and Figure
27).
g027325
Figure 27
5.
Place a shallow pan under the shaft of the
impeller motor (Figure 27).
Disconnecting the Rate-Gate Linkage
1.
g027324
Figure 26
1. Drive pin
3. Impeller
2. Shaft
27
Push the locking sleeve for the gate cable
rearward and lift the cable up from the ball stud
of the rate-gate linkage (Figure 28).
Connecting the Rate-Gate Linkage
1.
Pull the linkage out until it clears the drop-rate
cam (Figure 28).
2.
Move the wide-distribution impeller-gate lever
forward.
3.
Attaching the cable to the ball stud at the gate
lever(Figure 28).
Assembling the Impeller
g027304
Figure 28
1. Locking sleeve
4. Drop-rate cam
2. Gate cable
5. Rate-gate linkage
3. Ball stud
2.
Pull the cable off the ball stud (Figure 28).
3.
Rotate the drop-rate cam past position-9 so
that the slot in the cam aligns with the linkage
(Figure 28).
4.
Fully push the rate-gate linkage rearward (Figure
28).
5.
If there is material in the hopper allow the
material to pour into a shallow pan; when the
hopper is empty, remove the pan.
28
1.
Assemble impeller onto the impeller shaft and
secure the impeller with the drive pin.
2.
Align the holes in the front cover with the clip
nuts in the chassis and secure the cover with
the 4 thumbscrews that you removed in step 3
of Removing the Impeller (page 26).
Using the Spreader
Spreading Charts
Note: The cam setting tables for pellet material and the grass seed are provided with permission from the
Brinly-Hardy Company; reference the Brinly-Hardy Company website for more information.
Use these charts as an approximate guideline only. Other factors, such as weather conditions, spreader
operation, and the condition of material affects spreader performance.
Cam Settings for Pellet Material Application
Type
kg per 93 m2 (lb per 1,000 ft2)
Cam Setting — One Pass
Cam Setting — Two Passes
0.5 (1)
3.6
3.1
0.9 (2)
4.0
3.5
1.4 (3)
4.2
3.7
0.9 (2)
3.7
3.2
1.8 (4)
4.7
4.1
2.7 (6)
5.2
4.5
0.9 (2)
3
2.2
1.8 (4)
4.2
3.7
2.7 (6)
4.5
4
0.5 (1)
3.5
3
0.9 (2)
4.2
3.7
1.4 (3)
4.7
4
0.9 (2)
3.5
3
1.8 (4)
4.2
3.8
2.7 (6)
5.2
4.5
0.9 (2)
3.8
3.3
1.8 (4)
4.9
4.1
2.7 (6)
5.9
4.9
Fine Pellets
Mixed Fine Pellets
Small Pellets
Nitrogen Pellets Medium Size
Medium Pellets and Granules
Large Heavy Pellets
Use the chart below for reference only. When spraying and spreading at the same time, set the spread pattern
to twice the width of the spray; this will help avoid striping and streaking. For example, standard spray width =
2.7 m (9 ft) and spread width = 5.4 m (18 ft).
Cam Settings for Grass Seed Application
Type
Bag Weight
Coverage - m2 (ft2)
Cam Setting –
Full Rate
Blue Grass or Red
Top
0.23 kg (0.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
1.25
4
0.45 kg (1 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.0
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.5
4
2.27 kg (.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.5
4
0.45 kg (1 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.0
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.5
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.75
2.25
6
1.36 kg (3 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.0
2.5
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.25
2.75
6
Park, Merion,
Delta, or Kentucky
Bluegrass
Hulled Bermuda
29
Cam Setting –
Half Rate
Spreader Width
Cam Settings for Grass Seed Application (cont'd.)
Type
Mixtures Including
Coarse Seeds
Rye Grasses or Tall
Fescue
Dichondra
Pensacola Bahia
Bag Weight
Coverage - m2 (ft2)
Cam Setting –
Full Rate
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
6.0
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
6.0
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.75
6
113 kg (4 oz)
93 (1,000)
1.9
8
227 g (8 oz)
93 (1,000)
2.1
8
340 g (12 oz)
93 (1,000)
2.5
8
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
4.5
3.75
7
2.27 kg (.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
4.75
4.0
7
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
5.0
4.25
7
Cam Setting –
Half Rate
Spreader Width
Adjusting the Spreader Pattern
If the spreader casts material unequally side-to
side—too light/heavy to one side—(see Figure 29 and
Figure 30), adjust the spreader-pattern.
g027035
g025543
Figure 30
Figure 29
1. Heavy to left side
3. Heavy to right side
2. Move ramp pattern to
shaded position
Note: Do not adjust the ramps that split the product
1. Spreader-pattern control
4. Start notch if pattern is
heavy to right side
2. Rotate counterclockwise
to unlock
3. Start notch if pattern is
heavy to left side
5. Rotate clockwise to lock
flow. Adjust only the front or rear ramp positions.
1.
2.
Unlock the spreader-pattern control by turning
the handle counterclockwise 90° as shown in 2
of Figure 30.
Adjust the spreader pattern as follows:
• If the material is broadcast too heavy
at the left side of the machine, pull the
spreader-pattern control up slightly; refer to
3 of Figure 30.
• If the material is broadcast too heavy at
the right side of the machine, push the
spreader-pattern control down slightly; refer
to 4 of Figure 30.
30
3.
Spreading Material
Lock the spreader-pattern control by turning the
handle clockwise 90°; refer to 5 of Figure 30.
Using the Deflector Gate
Use the deflector-gate control to temporarily stop or
deflect granular material away from sidewalks, parking
lots, patios, or anywhere the granular chemicals are
not desired.
1.
Start the engine and place the throttle midway
between the SLOW and the FAST positions.
2.
Set the impeller-speed control to appropriate
broadcast rate and then press the impeller
On/Off switch to the ON position (Figure 32).
Note: The deflector gate changes the discharged of
materials from the left side of the spreader only.
• Push the knob for the deflector-gate control down
to lower the deflector and temporarily block the
granular material.
• Pull the knob to raise the deflector to cast materials
normally at the left side of the machine.
g027483
Figure 32
1. Indicator light
4. Impeller-speed control
2. Impeller On/Off switch
5. Spreader-motor and
sprayer-motor controller
3. Icon—press and hold the
impeller On/Off button 5
seconds
• To lock the impeller speed control, press and
hold the impeller On/Off switch for 5 seconds
(Figure 32).
Note: The indicator light above the impeller
On/Off switch will flash at a constant rate.
If the impeller-speed control is locked
(indicated by the flashing indicator light), the
impeller motor will start and run at the last
locked speed.
g027373
Figure 31
1. Fence
3. Deflector gate lowered
2. Flowers
• To unlock the impeller-speed control, start
the impeller motor and then press and
hold press and hold the On/Off switch for
5 seconds (the indicator light will illuminate
steadily).
31
g027123
Figure 33
1. Deflector-gate control
2. Spreader-pattern control
3. Wide-distribution
impeller-gate lever
5. Narrow-spreader
distribution flow-rate
knob
6. Impeller On/Off switch
g027497
Figure 34
1. Wide spreader
pattern—variable effective
width to 6.7 m (22 ft)
maximum
7. Impeller-speed control
4. Narrow-distribution
impeller-gate lever
5.
3.
Move the throttle to the FAST position and drive
the machine forward.
4.
Open the either the narrow or wide impeller-gate
lever to begin spreading (Figure 34).
2. Narrow spreader
pattern—variable effective
width from 1.5 m (5 ft)
minimum
Evaluate the spread pattern.
Note: If you need to adjustment the spreading
pattern, refer to Adjusting the Spreader Pattern
(page 30).
6.
Note: Use the narrow-spreader distribution
flow-rate knob to control the discharge rate
of the granular material from the hopper onto
the impeller when the narrow-distribution
impeller-gate lever is in the OPEN position.
When you are finished spreading, close the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever.
Note: Only the wide-distribution impeller-gate
lever closes the impeller gate. Pushing the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever forward also
resets the narrow-distribution impeller-gate lever
to the forward position.
7.
Clean the hopper after each spreading session;
refer to Cleaning and Lubricating the Spreader
(page 43).
Important: Always empty and clean the
spreader immediately after each use. Failure
to do so may cause the chemicals to corrode
the spreader and other components.
32
Spreading Tips
Important: Ensure that you calibrate the spreader
before you start using it.
g027374
Figure 35
Spreader path example
1. Narrow distribution-side deflector lowered
5. End of spreading job
2. Forward
6. Property fence
3. Effective spreading width—variable 1.5 to 6.7 m (5 to 22 ft)
7. Gate
4. Do not spread when turning 180°
• To ensure uniform application, broadcast the
material in an overlapping pattern as shown in
Figure 35.
Note: The highest amount of material will
dispense from the front of the hopper and less
material from each side. You can adjust the
distribution pattern to achieve the desired results.
• Watch for changes in the distribution pattern;
unequal distribution may lead to striping.
33
Operating the Sprayer
1.
CAUTION
Measure and visibly mark a course length used
to calculate the average ground speed. Record
.
the course length here:
Note: In this example the course length is 45.7
m (150 ft).
Chemicals are hazardous and can cause
personal injury.
• Read the chemical manufacture’s
directions on the label before handling
the chemicals; follow all manufacturer
recommendations and precautions.
• Keep chemicals away from your skin.
Should contact occur, wash the affected
area thoroughly with soap and clean water.
2.
Add clean water into the spray tank until it is 1/2
full; refer to Filling the Spray Tank (page 38).
3.
Drive the machine to an area far enough away
from the course so that when you are driving
it into the course, the machine travels at the
desired ground speed before reaching the first
marker.
4.
Use a stop watch to measure the time (in
seconds) that it takes the machine to travel the
marked course (45.7 m (150 ft) in this example)
while maintaining the desired ground speed.
Record your course time in the course time
worksheet.
• Wear eye protection, gloves, and any other
protective equipment recommended by the
chemical manufacturer.
Use the sprayer to disperse liquid herbicides,
pesticides, fertilizers, and other substances. Before
using the sprayer ensure that you have cleaned
the tank, plumbing, and nozzles before adding any
chemicals. When you use the sprayer, you first fill the
spray tank, then apply the chemical solution to the
work site, and then when you are finished spraying,
clean the tank. It is important to complete all 3 of
these steps to avoid damaging the sprayer. For
example, Do not mix and add chemicals in the spray
tank the night before and then spray in the morning.
This could lead to separation of the chemicals and
possible cause damage to components of the sprayer.
Course Time Worksheet
Time
Important: When you use your sprayer,
thoroughly clean it at the end of the day.
Test 1
seconds
Test 2
seconds
Test 3
seconds
5.
Repeat steps 2 through 4 an additional 2 times.
6.
Move the sprayer to a level surface, move the
motion-control lever in the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
7.
Average the 3 test run times (in seconds);
use the average course time formula.
Record the average course speed
here:
.
Calibrating the Sprayer
Note: Before you use the sprayer for the first time
Average Course Time Formula
or change the nozzles or when the sprayer is out of
adjustment—calibrate the sprayer for ground speed
and flow rate.
Formula
(time 1) + (time
2) + (time 3)
seconds
Note: The left and right sprayer boom nozzles are
3
wide pattern (white) nozzles and the center nozzle is
a narrow pattern (red) nozzle.
Example
Note: Refer to the chemical product label for
application rate recommendations.
21.6 + 19.1+
18.4 seconds
= The average time to
drive the course
=
19.7 seconds
3
The method to calibrate the sprayer flow involves
driving a preset distance, recording the time, and then
measuring the amount of liquid applied during that
time.
8.
Calculate the average ground speed; use the
ground speed formula. Record the average
.
ground speed here:
Note: 1 kph = 16.6 m/minute (1 mph = 88
ft/minute)
Calculating the Ground Speed
Operator supplied equipment: Stop watch capable
of measuring ± 1/10 second.
34
Ground Speed Formula
Formula
Course length
m (ft) x 60 seconds
Course time (seconds) x
16.7 m/minute (88 ft/minute)
Example 45.7 m (150 ft) x 60 seconds
19.7 seconds x 16.6 m/minute
(88 ft/minute)
= Ground speed
kph (mph)
= 8.4 kph
(5.2 mph)
Understanding the Effective Spray Pattern
Width
Note: Sprayer pressure regulator: 2.8 bar (40 psi).
• The narrow-spray pattern (Figure 36) on the
machine is 122 cm (48 inches) wide.
g027415
Figure 37
Top view of the wide-pattern-spray nozzles
1. Spray width = 274 cm (108 4. Spray distance = 61 cm
inches)
(24 inches)
2. Nozzle
5. Distance between spray
nozzles = 66 cm (26
inches)
3. Spray angle = 120°
6. Front of the machine
Testing the Sprayer Nozzle Discharge
Operator supplied equipment: Stop watch capable
of measuring ± 1/10 second and a container graduated
in 50 ml (1 fl oz) increments.
Note: Ensure that the spray system is clean and
there is 1/2 tank of clean water.
g027414
Figure 36
Top view of the narrow-pattern-spray nozzle
1. Spray width = 122 cm (48
inches)
4. Spray distance = 36 cm
(14 inches)
2. Nozzle
3. Spray angle = 120°
5. Front of the machine
1.
Engage the parking brake and start the engine.
2.
Set the pump/tank agitation switch to the ON
position.
3.
Pull the agitation lever rearward to start the tank
agitation.
4.
Place the throttle to the FAST position.
5.
Push the agitation control lever down to the OFF
position.
• The wide-spray pattern (Figure 37) on this machine
is 274 cm (108 inches) wide.
Note: Shut off the agitation to ensure proper
spray pressure and distribution.
6.
Use the spray-pressure control to adjust the
sprayer-system pressure to 40 psi (2.8 bar).
Note: The red and white nozzles installed on
this sprayer have a normal operating pressure
of 40 psi (2.8 bar).
7.
35
Align the graduated container under each nozzle
for 19.7 seconds.
Note: Record the amount of water collected
from each nozzle in the collection worksheet.
• Center nozzle—record the
average discharge quantity
.
here:
• Left nozzle—record the average discharge
quantity here:
.
Converting the Time and Collection Results
to Flow Rate
1.
Convert the milliliters (fluid ounce) quantities
that you calculated in step 10 of Testing the
Sprayer Nozzle Discharge (page 35) to liters (US
gallons) using the quantity conversion formula.
Note: 1 L = 1000 ml
1 US gallon = 128 fl oz
Quantity Conversion Formula
g027502
Formula
Figure 38
Result (X) ml (fl oz)
=
(X) L (US gallon)
=
0.49 L (0.13 US
gallon)
0.1 L (128 fl oz)
2. Personal protective
equipment—chemical
resistant gloves
1. Graduated container
Example
center
nozzle—narrow
pattern (red)
Collection Worksheet
Left sprayer
nozzle
Right sprayer
nozzle
Center sprayer
nozzle
Test
1
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
Test
2
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
Test
3
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
8.
9.
10.
Repeat test step 7 for each nozzle an additional
2 times.
2.
Turn off the pump/tank agitation switch.
Right nozzle—record the
converted collected-water quantity
here:
.
B.
Center nozzle—record the
converted collected-water quantity
here:
.
C.
Left nozzle—record the converted
collected-water quantity
.
here:
Calculate the flow rate of each nozzle using the
calculated flow-rate formula.
Formula
=
3
Example
475 ml (16.05
center
fl oz) + 507 ml
nozzle—narrow (17.15 fl oz) + 504
pattern (red)
ml (17.05 fl oz)
A.
Calculated Flow-Rate Formula
Average Discharge Formula
test 1 + test 2
+ test 3
=
0.1 L (128 fl oz)
3.
Calculate the average quantity of water
discharged for each nozzle; use average
discharge formula.
Formula
490 ml (16.75 fl oz)
Result (X) L (US gallon)
x 60 seconds
=
(X) L (US
gallon)
=
3.07 L
(0.40 US
gallon) per
minute
19.7 seconds
The average spray
nozzle discharge in
19.7 seconds
Example center
nozzle—narrow
pattern (red)
0.49 L (16.75 fl oz)
3
36
19.7 seconds
A.
Right nozzle—record the calculated flow
rate here:
.
B.
Center nozzle—record the calculated
flow rate here:
.
C.
Left nozzle—record the calculated flow
.
rate here:
• Right nozzle—record the
average discharge quantity
.
here:
.49 L (0.13 US gallon)
x 60 seconds
Note: If the collected nozzle spray does not
meet the quantity in the Nozzle Flow Rate Chart
(page 37), check the nozzles, hoses, and fittings
for leaks, damage, or wear; clean or replace the
spray nozzles if needed.
Left and Right Nozzles (white—wide pattern)
Flow Rate Chart (cont'd.)
Nozzle Flow Rate Chart
Use the nozzle flow rate charts determine spray
nozzle performance:
• Nozzle flow rates at different spray-system
pressures
2.1 bar
(30 psi)
2602
ml (88
fl oz)
/min
2.61 L (0.69
US gallon)
/min
2.35 to 2.87 L (0.62
to 0.76 US gallon)
/min
2.8 bar
(40 psi)
3017
ml
(102
fl oz)
/min
3.03 L (0.80
US gallon)
/min
2.73 to 3.33 L (0.72
to 0.88 US gallon)
/min
• Worn or damaged spray nozzles
Determining Application Rate
The following chart is based on the nozzle capacity
information chart provided with permission from
TeeJet® Technologies. Use the chart below or
reference the TeeJet® Technologies website to
determine if the flow rate of the sprayer nozzle is
within the specified flow rate (+/– 10%).
Use the example results of the calculated speed,
spray width, and nozzle capacity to determine the
application rate.
Note: The application rate may also be determined
machine spraying water at 70°F (21°C).
by using the Nozzle Flow Rate Chart (page 37),
along with the chemical manufacturer’s label of
recommendation.
Center Nozzle (red—narrow pattern) Flow
Rate Chart
The examples below are based on the following
information:
Note: The chart information below is based on the
Pressure
0.7 bar
(10 psi)
1.4 bar
(20 psi)
2.1 bar
(30 psi)
2.8 bar
(40 psi)
Flow Rate—New
769
ml (26
fl oz)
/min
0.76 L (0.20
US gallon)
/min
1065
ml (36
fl oz)
/min
1.06 L (0.28
US gallon)
/min
1331
ml (45
fl oz)
/min
1.32 L (0.35
US gallon)
/min
1508
ml (51
fl oz)
/min
1.51 L (0.40
US gallon)
/min
•
•
•
•
Flow Rate—In Service
Nozzle
0.68 to 0.75 L (0.18
to 0.22 US gallon)
/min
Average ground speed = 8.4 kph (5.2 mph)
Spray width = 2.7 m (108 inches)
Number of nozzles = 2
Nozzle capacity = 3.0 L/min (0.8 gpm)
Note: The numbers 6 and 600 are constants used in
0.95 to 1.17 L (0.25
to 0.31 US gallon)
/min
the formulas shown below.
Liter per 100 m2 Application Rate
1.19 to 1.45 L (0.32
to 0.39 US gallon)
/min
Single nozzle capacity (Lpm) x Number
of nozzles x 6
100 m2
Speed (kph) x Spray width (m)
1.36 to 1.66 L (0.36
to 0.44 US gallon)
/min
2.99 Lpm x 2 x 6
L
=
1.563 L/100 m2(1.5
= qt/1,000 ft2)
8.369 kph x 2.743 m
Left and Right Nozzles (white—wide pattern)
Flow Rate Chart
Pressure
Flow Rate—New
0.7 bar
(10 psi)
1508
ml (51
fl oz)
/min
1.51 L (0.40
US gallon)
/min
1.4 bar
(20 psi)
2159
ml (73
fl oz)
/min
2.16 L (0.57
US gallon)
/min
Liter per Hectar Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (Lpm) x Number
of nozzles x 600
Flow Rate—In Service
Nozzle
Speed (kph) x Spray width (m)
1.36 to 1.66 L (0.36
to 0.44 US gallon)
/min
2.99 Lpm x 2 x 600
1.94 to 2.38 L (0.51
to 0.63 US gallon)
/min
L
=
hectar
= 156 L/hectar(16.7 gal/acre)
8.369 kph x 2.743 m
Note: The numbers 544; 136; and 5,940 are
constants used in the formulas shown below.
37
Quart per 1,000 ft2 Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 544
fluoroelastomer material, the O-rings and seals in
the sprayer can degrade and leak.
5.2 mph x 108 inches
Important: Before applying chemicals to the job
site, verify that you have set the proper application
rate prior to filling the tank.
1,000 ft2
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
0.79 gpm x 2 x 544
qt
=
1.
Move the machine to a level surface, move
motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
2.
Ensure that the narrow-spray pattern and
wide-spray pattern levers are in the OFF position
and the handle for the drain valve for the tank
rotated 90° counterclockwise to the is CLOSED
position (Figure 39).
2
= 1.5 qt/1,000 ft 2
(1.5 L/100 macre )
Gallon per 1,000 ft 2 Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 136
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
0.79 gpm x 2 x 136
5.2 mph x 108 inches
gal
=
1,000 ft2
ft2
= 0.38 gal/1,000
(1.5 L/100 m2)
Gallon per Acre Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 5,940
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
0.79 gpm x 2 x 5,940
5.2 mph x 108 inches
=
gal
acre
= 16.7 gal/acre
(156.1 L/ha)
Using the Sprayer
g027391
Figure 39
Before Operating the Sprayer
Some chemicals are more aggressive than others
and each chemical interacts differently with various
materials. Some consistencies of sprayer chemicals
(e.g. wettable powders, charcoal) are more abrasive
and lead to higher-wear rates. If a chemical is
available in a formulation that would provide increased
life to the sprayer, use this alternative formulation.
Calibrate the sprayer before you start the spray
application; refer to Calibrating the Sprayer (page 34).
1. Sprayer-tank cap
4. Drain valve
2. Filler neck
3. Plug
5. Valve handle
3.
Determine the amount of water needed to mix
the amount of chemical needed as specified by
the chemical manufacturer.
4.
Open the tank cap on the spray tank (Figure 39).
5.
Add 3/4 of the required water to the sprayer tank
through the filler neck.
Filling the Spray Tank
Important: Always use fresh, clean water
Important: Ensure that the chemicals that you
in the spray tank. Do not pour chemical
concentrate into an empty tank.
are using in the sprayer are compatible for use
with O-rings and seals made from fluoroelastomer
material (refer to the chemical manufacturer's
label; it should indicate if it is not compatible). If
you use a chemical that is not compatible with
6.
38
Rotate the pump-shutoff valve clockwise to the
OPEN position (Figure 40).
Important: If you are using a
wettable-powder chemical, mix the
powder with a small amount of water to form
a liquid slurry before adding the chemical
mixture to the tank.
12.
Add remaining water to the tank and install cap
onto the filler neck of the tank.
Note: Allow the content of the sprayer tank to
mix thoroughly.
Emptying the Sprayer Tank
Operator supplied equipment:
g027392
Figure 40
1. Strainer (sprayer tank)
• A drain hose with a 1/2–14 inch NPT male coupling
• A drain container (capacity varies with remaining
2. Pump-shutoff valve
sprayer tank content)
7.
Start the engine and set the throttle midway
between the SLOW and FAST positions.
8.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the ON position
(Figure 41).
• PTFE thread sealant
1.
Move the machine to a level surface at the
designated area for emptying and cleaning the
sprayer tank, move motion-control lever to the
NEUTRAL position, shut off the engine, wait for all
moving parts to stop, remove key, and engage
parking brake.
2.
Remove the plug from the drain valve for the
sprayer tank (Figure 42).
Note: The drain valve is located at the left side
of the machine.
g033348
Figure 41
1. Sprayer-pressure control
5. Spray wand
2. Agitation-pump lever
6. Sprayer-pressure gauge
3. Narrow-spray pattern lever 7. Sprayer-pump/tank-agitation
switch
4. Wide-spray pattern lever
8. Sprayer-wand-pressure
control
g025542
Figure 42
9.
10.
Move the throttle to the FAST position.
1. Drain valve
Pull rearward on the tank-agitation lever to the
ON position.
3.
Thread a drain hose (operator provided) into the
end of the drain valve.
4.
Put the free end of the drain hose into a
container with enough capacity to hold the
remaining content of the sprayer tank.
Note: The water in the tank will circulate.
11.
Add the specified amount of chemical
concentrate to the tank as directed by the
chemical manufacturer.
39
2. Plug
Note: Use the quantity marks at the front,
left side of the sprayer tank for determine the
quantity of chemical solution in the tank.
5.
Rotate the handle for the drain valve clockwise
90° to drain the tank (Figure 42).
Allow the sprayer tank to drain completely.
6.
Apply PTFE thread sealant to the threads of the
plug.
7.
Close the tank-drain valve, remove the drain
hose, and install the drain plug into the valve
(Figure 42).
Note: Dispose of the sprayer chemicals
according to local codes and the chemical
manufacturer's instructions.
g027299
Spraying with the Sprayer Boom
Figure 43
Narrow-spray pattern
Important: To ensure that your chemical
solution remains well mixed, use the agitation
feature whenever you have solution in the
tank. For the agitation feature to work, set the
sprayer-pump switch to the ON position, pull back
the tank-agitation lever, and run the engine at high
idle. If you shut off the machine and agitation
is needed, leave the motion-control lever in the
NEUTRAL position, engage the parking brake,
increase the throttle to the FAST position, switch
on the pump and set agitation lever.
1. Overlap area
2. Effective spray area
Note: Calibrate the sprayer before you start the spray
application; refer to Calibrating the Sprayer (page 34).
1.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the ON position.
2.
Drive the machine to the job site.
3.
Push forward the tank-agitation lever to the OFF
position.
Note: There is some agitation effect even while
the tank-agitation lever is in the OFF position.
4.
Adjust the sprayer-pressure control to the setting
that you determined in Calibrating the Sprayer
(page 34).
5.
Move the narrow or wide-spray pattern lever to
the ON position and begin spraying.
g027299
Figure 44
Wide-spray pattern
1. Overlap area
6.
Important: Do not use both the narrow and
wide controls at the same time.
2. Effective spray area
When you finish spraying, push forward the
spray-pattern levers and set the sprayer-pump
switch to the OFF position.
Note: If you need to continue to mix the sprayer
tank contents, leave the sprayer-pump switch in
the ON position and pull back the tank-agitation
lever.
40
Spraying Tips
g027300
Figure 45
1. Overlap area—narrow spray pattern
6. Sprayer Off—do not spray when turning the machine 180°
2. Effective spray area
7. End of spraying job
3. Forward
8. Property fence
4. Overlap area—wide spray pattern
9. Gate
5. 2.4 m (8 ft)
• Do not overlap the effective spray area that you
•
•
•
•
•
agitation lever to the OFF position. Alternatively, if
an anti-foaming agent compatible with the existing
chemical—add the anti-foaming agent according to
the manufacturer’s instructions.
have previously sprayed (see Figure 45).
Watch for plugged sprayer nozzles.
Move the narrow-and wide-spray pattern levers
to the OFF position to stop the spray flow before
stopping the motion of the machine. Once
stopped, leave the motion-control lever in NEUTRAL
and leave the sprayer-pump switch in the ON
position.
You obtain better results if the machine is moving
when spray controls are turned ON.
Ensure adequate pump pressure for proper spray
distribution by push forward the tank-agitation
lever to the OFF position.
Watch for changes in the application rate.
Changes in the application rate indicate that your
ground speed has changed beyond the operating
range of the nozzles or there is a problem with the
sprayer system.
Note: When the tank is nearly empty, the tank
agitation may cause foaming of the chemical solution
in the tank. In this case, push forward the tank
41
Spraying with the Spray Wand
3.
WARNING
• To increase the pump pressure to the
wand, rotate the wand-pressure control
counterclockwise (Figure 47).
The spray wand traps liquids under
high pressure, even when engine is off.
High-pressure spray discharge could cause
serious injury or death.
• Keep clear of the nozzle and do not direct
the spray or stream from the wand at
people, pets, or non-work area property.
• Do not direct the spray at or near
electrical-power components or source.
• Do not repair the spray wand, hoses, seals,
nozzle, or other wand components; always
replace them.
• Do not attach the hoses or other
components to the nozzle at the end of the
spray wand.
• Do not attempt to disconnect the spray
wand from the machine while the sprayer
system is pressurized.
• Do not use the spray wand if trigger lock is
damaged or missing.
• Rotate the spray-wand lock to the OFF
position when job is complete.
1.
g027401
Figure 47
1. Sprayer wand pressure control
• To decrease pressure to the wand, rotate the
control clockwise direction (Figure 47).
• To shut off the pressure to the wand, rotate
the wand-pressure control clockwise until the
valve for the control is closed (Figure 47).
g033506
Figure 46
4. Wand
5. Nozzle
3. Trigger lock
2.
4.
Squeeze the trigger to the spray-wand handle
to begin spraying; lock the trigger in place if
desired (Figure 46).
5.
When finished spraying, if you locked the trigger
of the spray-wand—unlock it, and release the
trigger (Figure 46)
6.
Rotate the sprayer-wand pressure control
clockwise to the OFF position (Figure 47).
7.
Insert the wand into the wand holder (Figure 46).
Remove the wand from the holder at the right
side of the machine (Figure 46).
1. Wand holder
2. Trigger
Adjust the pump pressure to the spray wand
perform the following:
Firmly grip the spray wand and point it in the
direction that you will spray.
Note: The wand may recoil; ensure that you
hold it securely.
42
After Operation
5.
Tilt the screen at the bottom of the hopper
forward to clean the bottom hopper components
(Figure 48).
After Operation Safety
General Safety
• Park the machine on a level surface; shut off the
engine; engage the parking brake; remove the
key; and wait for all movement to stop before
leaving the operator’s position.
• After you finish operating the machine for the day,
wash off all chemical residue from the outside of
the machine; refer to Chemical Safety (page 16).
• Use full-width ramps for loading the machine into
a trailer or truck.
• Tie the machine down securely to the trailer or
g033504
truck using straps, chains, cable, or ropes. Both
front and rear straps should be directed down and
outward from the machine.
Figure 48
1. Hopper screen
• Shut off the fuel before transporting or storing the
machine.
6.
Rotate the hopper screen down.
7.
Disconnect the hopper rate-gate cable, place
the rate gate dial to a setting lower than
the maximum open position, and allow the
spreader-sprayer to empty completely; refer to
Emptying the Spreader (page 26).
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such
as on a water heater or on other appliances.
8.
Connect the hopper rate-gate cable; refer to
Connecting the Rate-Gate Linkage (page 28).
• Replace any damaged spray wand components;
9.
Apply water-displacing lubricant to the
components as shown in Figure 49.
• Keep all parts of the machine in good working
condition and all hardware tightened.
• Allow the engine to cool before storing the machine
in any enclosure.
• Never store the machine or fuel container where
do not attempt to repair hoses, seals, nozzles, or
other wand components.
Cleaning and Lubricating
the Spreader
Service Interval: After each use
1.
Drive the machine to a designated cleaning area
with a level surface.
2.
Move the motion-control lever in the NEUTRAL
position, shut off the engine, wait for all moving
parts to stop, remove key, and engage parking
brake.
3.
Empty the hopper; refer to Emptying the
Spreader (page 26).
4.
Using a hose to spray the inside and outside of
the entire spreader with clean water.
g027297
Figure 49
Note: Do not use a power washer to clean
the machine. The high-pressure water
can force residual-corrosive materials into
sprayer-spreader components.
43
Cleaning the Sprayer
5.
Move the tank-agitation lever to the ON position
(Figure 50).
Service Interval: After each use
Cleaning the Sprayer System and
Wand
WARNING
Swallowing or inhaling chemicals could cause
serious injury or death.
Important: Always empty and clean the sprayer
immediately after each use. Failure to do so may
cause the chemicals to dry or thicken in the lines,
clogging the pump and other components.
• Do not clean sprayer nozzles using your
mouth or blowing through the nozzles.
• Replace all worn and damaged sprayer
nozzles.
1.
Pull back both narrow and wide-spray pattern
levers to the ON position (Figure 50).
• Ensure that the nozzles are installed
correctly.
2.
Allow the rinse water in the tank to spray through
the nozzles.
Preparing the Machine
3.
Check that all 3 nozzles are spraying correctly.
4.
Remove the sprayer wand from the holder, point
the wand in a safe direction, and squeeze the
trigger; refer to Spray-Wand Trigger and Trigger
Lock (page 15).
The sprayer nozzles begin spraying.
1.
Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying the
Sprayer Tank (page 39).
2.
Fill the sprayer tank with 19 L (5 US gallons) or
more of clean water and install the cap; refer to
Filling the Spray Tank (page 38).
3.
Note: Allow the rinse water to discharge from
the wand for 1 to 2 minutes.
Engage the parking brake, move the
steering-control/motion-control lever to the
NEUTRAL position, and start the engine (Figure
50); refer to Starting the Engine (page 21).
5.
Release the trigger for the wand and return it to
the holder on the machine (Figure 7).
6.
Move the spray-pattern levers forward to the
OFF position, set the sprayer-pump switch to the
OFF position, and shut off the engine (Figure 50).
7.
Clean the strainer; refer to Cleaning the Strainer
(page 45).
8.
Repeat steps 2 through 7 using cleaners and
neutralizers recommended by the chemical
manufacturers; refer to Filling the Spray Tank
(page 38).
9.
Repeat steps 2 through 7 using clean water only.
Cleaning the External Components
1.
Note: Do not use a power washer to clean
g033349
Figure 50
1. Ignition switch
5. Choke
2. Agitation-pump lever
6. Throttle
the machine. The high-pressure water
may force residual corrosive materials into
spreader-spreader components.
3. Narrow-spray pattern lever 7. Sprayer-pump/tank-agitation
switch
4. Wide-spray pattern lever
4.
Using a hose to wash off the outside of the
sprayer tank with clean water.
2.
Note: Replace damaged or worn nozzles.
3.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the ON position,
and set the engine throttle to FAST position
(Figure 50).
44
Remove and clean the sprayer nozzles; refer to
Cleaning the Sprayer Nozzle (page 45).
Allow the spreader-sprayer to completely dry
before the next use.
Cleaning the Strainer
Service Interval: After each use
Important: If you used wettable-powder
chemicals, clean the strainer after each time that
you rinse the sprayer tank.
1.
Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying the
Sprayer Tank (page 39).
2.
Rotate the handle of the pump-shutoff valve 90°
counterclockwise to the CLOSE position (Figure
51).
g027402
Figure 52
g249175
Figure 51
1. Strainer
1. Strainer body
3. Screen
2. Gasket
4. Strainer bowl
2. Pump-shutoff valve
5.
3.
Align a drain pan under the strainer (Figure 51).
4.
Rotate the strainer bowl counterclockwise and
remove the bowl and screen from the body of
the strainer (Figure 52).
Allow any residual chemical solution to drain
from the strainer body.
Note: Dispose of the waste solution according
to local codes and the chemical manufacturer's
instructions.
Note: Remove the strainer bowl by hand.
6.
Note: Replace the gasket or screen or both if
these parts are worn or damaged
Use a soft-bristle brush and clean water to clean
the screen and bowl
7.
Install the screen into the strainer body (.Figure
52).
8.
Install the gasket and strainer bowl onto the
strainer body, and hand tighten the bowl (Figure
52).
9.
Rotate the handle of the pump-shutoff valve 90°
clockwise to the OPEN position (Figure 51).
Cleaning the Sprayer Nozzle
Service Interval: After each use
1.
45
Rotate the nozzle cap 90° counterclockwise and
remove the cap from the nozzle body (Figure
53).
Transporting the Machine
Machine weight: 227 kg (500 lb)—both sprayer tank
and hopper empty; 389 kg (857 lb)—both sprayer
tank and hopper full
CAUTION
This machine does not have proper turn
signals, lights, reflective markings, or a
slow moving vehicle emblem. Driving on a
street or roadway without such equipment
is dangerous and can lead to accidents
causing personal injury. Driving on a street or
roadway without such equipment may also be
a violation of State laws and the operator may
be subject to traffic tickets and/or fines.
g027398
Figure 53
1. Nozzle body
5. Nozzle cap
2. Strainer
3. Gasket
4. Sprayer tip
6. Atomizer
7. Slot
8. Regulator case
2.
Do not drive a machine on a public street or
roadway.
Loading the Machine
WARNING
Remove the sprayer tip, gasket, and strainer
from the nozzle body (Figure 53).
Loading a machine onto a trailer or truck
increases the possibility of tip-over and could
cause serious injury or death.
• Use extreme caution when operating a
machine on a ramp.
• Back the machine up the ramp and walk it
forward down the ramp.
• Avoid sudden acceleration or deceleration
while driving the machine on a ramp as
this could cause a loss of control or a
tip-over situation.
• Do not attempt to turn the machine while
on the ramp; you may lose control and
drive off the side.
• Use only a single, full-width ramp; do not
use individual ramps for each side of the
machine.
• If individual ramps must be used, use
enough ramps to create an unbroken ramp
surface wider than the machine.
Note: Replace any worn or damaged nozzle
parts.
3.
Use a soft-bristle brush and clean water to clean
the nozzle tip, gasket, and strainer.
4.
Assemble the strainer into the nozzle body
(Figure 53).
5.
Assemble the sprayer tip and gasket into the
nozzle cap (Figure 53).
6.
Install the tip, gasket, and cap onto the nozzle
body (.Figure 53).
Note: Use the slot to rotate the atomizer (Figure
53) of the sprayer tip forward (in-line with the
flow-regulator case of the nozzle body).
7.
Rotate the nozzle cap 90° clockwise (Figure 53).
8.
Repeat steps 1 through 7 for the 2 other sprayer
nozzles.
Use a heavy-duty trailer or truck to transport the
machine. Ensure that the trailer or truck has all
the necessary brakes, lighting, and marking as
required by law. Please carefully read all the safety
instructions.
1. If using a trailer, connect it to the towing vehicle
and connect the safety chains.
2. If applicable, connect the trailer brakes.
3. Lower the ramp.
46
4.
Raise the operator platform.
5.
Back the machine up the ramp (Figure 54).
g031405
Figure 54
1. Back the machine up the
ramp.
6.
2. Walk the machine forward
down the ramp.
Secure the machine; refer to Securing the
Machine for Transport (page 47).
Securing the Machine for
Transport
Note: Refer to the chemical-warning-product
label(s) before transporting the machine and follow
all local/state/federal requirements for transporting
chemicals.
Note: Ensure that the spreader-hopper cover and the
spray wand are secure before transporting.
1.
At the left side of the machine, ensure that the
shutoff valve for the sprayer tank is closed and
the drain plug is secure. At the right side of the
machine, ensure that the pump-shutoff valve is
closed.
2.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and engage
the parking brake.
3.
Close the fuel valve and block the tires.
4.
Use the tie-down points on the machine to
securely bind the machine to the trailer or truck
with straps, chains, cable, or ropes (Figure 55).
Refer to local regulations for trailer and tie-down
requirements.
g033507
Figure 55
1. Front tie-down points
2. Rear tie-down points
47
Maintenance
Maintenance Safety
– Always wash your hands and other exposed
areas as soon as possible after working with
chemicals.
• Before performing maintenance on the machine;
refer to Preparing the Machine (page 50).
– Chemicals and fumes are dangerous; never
enter the tank or place your head over or in the
opening of a tank.
• Before performing any maintenance, thoroughly
clean and rinse the spreader and sprayer.
• Clean grass and debris from the drives, mufflers,
• Clean up oil or fuel spills.
and engine to help prevent fires.
• Do not store the machine or fuel near flames or
• Allow only qualified and authorized personnel to
drain the fuel indoors.
maintain, repair, adjust, or inspect the machine.
• Use jack stands to support the machine and/or
• Do not repair the spray wand, hoses, seals, nozzle,
components when required.
or other wand components; always replace them.
• Carefully release pressure from components with
• Mechanical or hydraulic jacks may malfunction,
stored energy.
allowing the machine to fall; do not rely solely on
mechanical or hydraulic jacks for support. Use
adequate jack stands or equivalent support.
• Disconnect the battery or remove the spark-plug
wire before making any repairs. Disconnect the
negative terminal first and the positive terminal
last. Connect the positive terminal first and
negative last.
• Chemicals used in the sprayer system may be
hazardous and toxic to you, bystanders, animals,
plants, soils, or other property.
• Keep your hands and feet away from moving
– Carefully read and follow the chemical warning
labels and material safety data sheets (MSDS)
for all chemicals used, and protect yourself
according to the chemical manufacturer’s
recommendations.
parts. If possible, do not adjust the machine with
the engine running.
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all
hardware tightened. Replace all damaged or
missing decals.
– Always protect your skin while you are near
chemicals. Use the appropriate personal
protective equipment (PPE) to guard against
contact with chemicals, including the following:
• Never interfere with the intended function of a
safety device or reduce the protection provided
by a safety device. Check their proper operation
regularly.
◊ safety glasses, goggles, and/or face shield
• To ensure optimum performance and continued
◊ a chemical suit
safety certification of the machine, use only
genuine Toro replacement parts and accessories.
Replacement parts and accessories made by
other manufacturers could be dangerous, and
such use could void the product warranty.
◊ a respirator or filter mask
◊ chemical-resistant gloves
◊ rubber boots or other substantial footwear
◊ a clean change of clothes, soap, and
disposable towels for cleanup
• Check the parking brake operation frequently.
Adjust and service as required.
– Refuse to operate or work on the sprayer if
chemical safety information is not available.
– Do not fill, calibrate, or clean the machine while
people, especially children, or pets are in the
area.
– Handle chemicals in a well-ventilated area.
– Have clean water available, especially when
filling the spray tank.
– Do not eat, drink, or smoke while working near
chemicals.
– Do not clean spray nozzles by blowing through
them or placing them in your mouth.
48
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
Before each use or daily
•
•
•
•
•
Check the safety interlock system.
Test the starter interlock.
Check air cleaner; replace if dirty. (May need more often under severe conditions.)
Check the engine-oil level.
Check the machine for loose hardware.
After each use
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean and lubricate the spreader.
Clean the sprayer tank.
Clean the strainer.
Clean the sprayer nozzles.
Clean the engine and the exhaust system area.
Clean the grass and debris buildup from the machine.
Every 50 hours
•
•
•
•
Clean the foam air-cleaner element More often under severe conditions.
Check the pressure in the tires.
Service the transaxle.
Check sprayer system.
Every 80 hours
• Remove the engine shrouds and clean the cooling fins.
Every 100 hours
•
•
•
•
•
Every 200 hours
• Service the spark arrester.
Lubricate the grease fittings.
Replace the dual element air filter.
Change the engine oil.
Change the engine oil (more often under severe condition).
Check, clean and gap the spark plug.
• Clean the fuel-sediment cup.
• Service the fuel strainer.
• Check the battery.
Monthly
• Torque the axle bolts.
Yearly
Yearly or before storage
• Prepare the machine for storage.
Notation for Areas of Concern
Inspection performed by:
Item
Date
Information
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Important: Refer to your engine owner’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
49
Pre-Maintenance
Procedures
CAUTION
If you leave the key in the switch, someone
could accidently start the engine and
seriously injure you or other bystanders.
Remove the key from the switch before you
perform any maintenance.
CAUTION
Raising the machine for service or
maintenance relying solely on mechanical
or hydraulic jacks could be dangerous. The
mechanical or hydraulic jacks may not be
enough support or may malfunction allowing
the machine to fall, which could cause injury.
g259487
Figure 56
1. Spark-plug wire
Do not rely solely on mechanical or hydraulic
jacks for support. Use adequate jack stands
or equivalent support.
Preparing the Machine
WARNING
While you are maintaining or adjusting the
machine, someone could start the engine.
Accidentally starting the engine could
seriously injure you or other bystanders.
Remove the key from the ignition, engage
parking brake, and pull the wire(s) off the
spark plug(s) before you do any maintenance.
Also push the wire(s) aside so it does not
accidentally contact the spark plug(s).
Perform the following before servicing, cleaning, or
making any adjustments to the machine.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface.
2.
Shut the wide-distribution impeller-gate for the
spreader and shut off the sprayer-pump switch.
3.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
4.
Engage the parking brake.
5.
Wait for all moving parts to stop allow the engine
to cool before servicing, storing, or making
repairs.
6.
Disconnect the spark-plug wire (Figure 56).
50
Lubrication
Engine Maintenance
Lubricating the Grease
Fittings
Servicing the Air Cleaner
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Every 100 hours
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Important: Do not apply oil to the foam or paper
Grease type: National Lubricating Grease Institute
(NGLI) grade #2 multi-purpose gun grease.
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Wipe the grease fittings clean with a rag (Figure
57).
element.
Removing the Foam and Paper
Elements
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Clean around the air cleaner to prevent dirt from
getting into the engine and causing damage
(Figure 58).
g027437
Figure 57
1. Wheel bearings (2)
3. Front axle pivot
2. Kingpin pivots (2)
4. Steering control pivot
3.
Connect a grease gun to the fittings (Figure 57).
4.
Pump grease into the fittings until grease begins
to come out of the bearings.
5.
Wipe up any excess grease.
g033510
Figure 58
1. Air-cleaner cover
2. Paper-filter element
3. Foam element
51
4. Hold-down rod
5. Wing nuts
Rotate the wing nut that secures the air-cleaner
cover counterclockwise and remove the
air-cleaner cover (Figure 58).
Engine Oil Specification
4.
Rotate the wing nut that secures the paper
and foam-filter elements counterclockwise and
remove the filter elements from the hold-down
rod (Figure 58).
Oil viscosity: Refer to the table below.
5.
Carefully pull the foam element off the paper
element (Figure 58).
3.
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SJ or higher)
Note: Inspect the paper and foam-filter
elements for damage or an excessive
accumulation of dirt. Replace the damaged
filters. Clean the foam-filter element if it is dirty.
Replace the paper-filter element if it is dirty.
Servicing the Foam Filter Element
Service Interval: Every 50 hours More often under
severe conditions.
1.
g027233
Figure 59
Inspect the element for tears, an oily film, or
damaged (Figure 58).
Checking the Engine-Oil
Level
Important: Replace the foam element if it
is worn or damaged.
2.
Wash the foam element in liquid soap and
warm water. When the element is clean, rinse
it thoroughly.
3.
Dry the element by squeezing it in a clean cloth.
4.
Air dry the foam-filter element.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Important: Do not operate the engine with the oil
level below the Low (or Add) mark on the dipstick,
or over the Full mark.
Installing the Foam and
Paper-Filter Elements
Important: To prevent engine damage, always
operate the engine with the complete foam and
paper air-cleaner assembly installed.
1.
Carefully slide the foam-filter element onto the
paper-filter element (Figure 58).
2.
Align the hole in the top plate of the paper-filter
element with the hold-down rod of the carburetor
(Figure 58).
3.
Secure the filter elements to the carburetor
with the wing nut (Figure 58) that you removed
in step 4 of Removing the Foam and Paper
Elements (page 51).
4.
Align the hole in the air-cleaner cover with the
hold-down rod (Figure 58) and secure the cover
to the rod with the wing nut that you removed
in step 3 of Removing the Foam and Paper
Elements (page 51).
52
1.
Move the machine to a level surface.
2.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
3.
Allow the engine to cool.
4.
Remove the dipstick from the engine and wipe
the dipstick with a clean rag (Figure 60).
Changing the Engine Oil
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Every 100 hours (more often under severe
condition).
Draining the Engine Oil
Important: Do not operate the engine with the oil
level below the Low (or Add) mark on the dipstick,
or over the Full mark.
g033503
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Align a drain pan with a capacity of 1.5 L (1.6
US qt) or greater below the drain valve at the
bottom of the skid plate and inboard from the
battery tray (Figure 61).
g027234
Figure 60
1. Dipstick
3. Minimum oil level
2. Maximum oil level
5.
Insert the dipstick from the engine as shown in
Figure 60.
Note: Do not thread the dipstick into the filler
neck when checking the engine oil level.
6.
g027439
Figure 61
Remove the dipstick from the filler neck and look
at the oil level in the dipstick (Figure 60).
Note: The engine oil level must cover between
the hatch marked areas on the dipstick (Figure
60).
7.
4. Skid plate
2. Hex-head stem
3. Battery tray
5. Front of the machine
3.
If the oil level is low, wipe off the area around
the filler neck and add the specified oil until the
oil level is between the hatch marked areas on
the dipstick.
Open the drain valve by rotating the hex-head
stem of the valve counterclockwise with a
wrench (Figure 61).
Note: Allow the engine oil to drain completely.
4.
Important: Do not overfill the engine with
oil.
8.
1. Drain valve
Close the drain valve clockwise until the valve is
fully seated (Figure 61).
Note: Wipe clean any residual oil from the drain
Hand tighten the dipstick into the filler neck
(Figure 60).
valve.
Adding Engine Oil to the Engine
Engine Oil Capacity: 1.1 L (1.2 US qt)
Important: Do not operate the engine with the oil
level below the Low (or Add) mark on the dipstick,
or over the Full mark.
53
1.
5.
Remove the dipstick from the filler neck of the
engine and wipe clean the dipstick with a rag
(Figure 62).
If the oil level is low, add the specified oil into the
engine until the oil level is between the hatch
marked areas on the dipstick.
Note: Do not overfill the engine with oil.
6.
Hand tighten the dipstick into the filler neck
(Figure 62).
Servicing the Spark Plug
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Spark Plug Specification
Spark Plug Type: NGK BR6HS, Champion RTL86C,
or equivalent
Removing the Spark Plug
g033511
Figure 62
1. Dipstick
2. Filler neck
2.
Slowly pour 1.1 L (1.2 US qt) of the specified oil
into the crank case of the engine through the
filler neck (Figure 62).
3.
Insert the dipstick from the engine as shown in
Figure 63.
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Remove the spark plug as shown in Figure 64.
Note: Do not thread the dipstick into the filler
neck when checking the engine oil level.
g033508
g008791
Figure 64
g027234
Figure 63
1. Dipstick
3. Minimum oil level
2. Maximum oil level
4.
Remove the dipstick from the filler neck and look
at the oil level in the dipstick (Figure 62).
Note: The engine oil level must cover between
the hatch marked areas on the dipstick (Figure
62).
54
Checking the Spark Plug
Servicing the Spark
Arrester
Air Gap: 0.6 to 0.7 mm (0.02 to 0.03 inch)
Important: Do not clean the spark plug(s).
Always replace the spark plug(s) when it has a
black coating, worn electrodes, an oily film, or
cracks.
Service Interval: Every 200 hours
Removing the Spark Arrester
If you see light brown or gray on the insulator, the
engine is operating properly. A black coating on the
insulator usually means the air cleaner is dirty.
WARNING
Hot exhaust system components may ignite
gasoline vapors even after the engine is
stopped. Hot particles exhausted during
engine operation may ignite flammable
materials. Fire may result in personal injury
or property damage.
Use a gapping tool/feeler gauge to check and adjust
the air gap to 0.6 to 0.7 mm (0.02 to 0.03 inch).
Do not refuel or run engine unless spark
arrester is installed.
g008794
Figure 65
Installing the Spark Plug
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Allow the muffler to cool.
3.
Remove the 2 self-tapping screws that secure
the tail screen to the muffler cover and remove
the screen (Figure 68 and Figure 68).
Tighten the spark plug as follows:
• New spark plug—12 to 15 N∙m (8.7 to 10.8 ft-lb)
• In-service spark plug—23 to 27 N∙m (16.6 to 19.5
ft-lb)
g033512
Figure 67
g008795
Figure 66
55
4.
g027467
Figure 68
1. Flanged-head bolt
5. Self-tapping screw
2. Bolts
3. Muffler cover
6. Muffler
7. Spark arrester
4. Tail screen
8. Self-tapping screw
4.
Remove the 2 bolts and 1 flanged-head bolt that
secures the muffler cover to the muffler (Figure
68).
5.
Remove the self-tapping screw that secure the
spark arrester to the muffler and remove the
spark arrester (Figure 68).
Cleaning and Assembling the
Spark Arrester
1.
Remove the spark arrester (Figure 68).
2.
If there are any breaks in the screen or welds
are observed, replace the arrester.
3.
Clean the arrester with a wire brush and soak in
solvent if necessary (Figure 69).
g208746
Figure 69
56
Install the spark arrester; reverse the steps
completed in Removing the Spark Arrester
(page 55)
Fuel System
Maintenance
2.
Align a drain pan with a 6.1 L (1.6 US gallons)
capacity with a under the carburetor.
3.
Rotate the sediment cup counterclockwise and
remove the cup from the carburetor.
Cleaning the Fuel Sediment
Cup
Note: Check the seal for the sediment cup
for damage or wear; replace the seal if it is
damaged or worn.
4.
Service Interval: Monthly
1.
Note: Allow the fuel system to drain completely.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Move the fuel-shutoff valve to the OFF position;
refer to Opening and Closing the Fuel-Shut-Off
Valve (page 21).
3.
Align a drain pan under the body of the
fuel-shutoff valve for the carburetor (Figure 70).
Move the fuel-shutoff valve to the ON position.
5.
Remove the 2 bolts 6 x 25 mm and 2 nuts 8 mm
that secure the fuel tank to the tank supports
(Figure 71).
g033509
Figure 70
g027462
1. Fuel-shutoff body
3. Sediment cup
Figure 71
2. Seal
4.
Rotate the sediment cup counterclockwise and
remove the cup from the carburetor (Figure 70).
1. Fuel tank
5. Tank supports
2. Strainer
3. Fuel hose
6. Bolt 6 x 25 mm
7. Clamps
4. Nuts 8 mm
Note: Check the seal for the sediment cup
for damage or wear; replace the seal if it is
damaged or worn.
5.
Clean the sediment cup in fresh gasoline or
kerosene.
6.
Hand tighten the sediment cup into the body of
the fuel-shutoff valve (Figure 70).
7.
Open the fuel-shutoff valve and check for fuel
leaks.
6.
Loosen the hose clamp and disconnect fuel hose
from the fitting on the carburetor (Figure 72).
Servicing the Fuel Strainer
Service Interval: Monthly
g027463
Figure 72
Removing the Fuel Tank
1.
1. Fitting (carburetor)
Move the fuel-shut-off valve to the OFF position;
refer to Opening and Closing the Fuel-Shut-Off
Valve (page 21).
2. Clamp
57
3. Fuel hose
7.
Remove the fuel tank from the crankcase of the
engine (Figure 71 and Figure 73).
g027464
3. Strainer
4. Fuel tank
Cleaning the Fuel Strainer
1.
Loosen the hose clamp and disconnect the fuel
hose from the fitting at the fuel strainer (Figure
71).
2.
Rotate the fuel strainer counterclockwise and
remove it from the fuel tank (Figure 71).
Note: Check the seal and the fuel strainer
for damage or wear. Replace the seal or fuel
strainer if the seal or strainer are damaged.
3.
Clean the fuel strainer in fresh gasoline or
kerosene.
4.
Thread the fuel strainer into the fuel tank (Figure
71).
5.
Torque the fuel strainer to 3.0 to 4.0 N∙m (2.2
to 2.9 ft-lb).
6.
Align the fuel hose that you removed in step 1
over the fitting on the fuel strainer (Figure 71
and Figure 73).
7.
Secure the hose to the strainer fitting with the
clamp (Figure 71 and Figure 73).
Installing the Fuel Tank
1.
Apply medium-grade thread-locking compound
to the 8 mm studs in the fuel tank and the 2
bolts 6 x 25 mm.
2.
Align the fuel tank to the tank supports on the
engine (Figure 71).
3.
Align the fuel hose that you removed in step 6 of
Removing the Fuel Tank (page 57) to the fitting
on the carburetor (Figure 72 and Figure 73).
Secure the hose to the carburetor fitting with the
clamp (Figure 72).
5.
Assemble the tank to the tank supports on the
engine with the 2 bolts 6 x 25 mm and 2 nuts
8 mm (Figure 71).
6.
Torque the 6 mm bolts to 945 to 1171 N∙m (86
to 106 in-lb).
7.
Hand tighten the sediment cup into the
carburetor.
8.
Add fuel to the fuel tank, open the fuel-shutoff
valve, and check for fuel leaks.
Note: Do not add too much fuel to the tank
before you have confirmed that there are no fuel
leaks.
Figure 73
1. Fuel hose
2. Boss
4.
58
Checking the Battery Charge
Electrical System
Maintenance
CAUTION
If the ignition is in the ON position, there
is potential for sparks and engagement
of components. Sparks could cause an
explosion or moving parts could accidentally
engage causing personal injury.
Servicing the Battery
Service Interval: Monthly
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use
a paper towel to clean the battery case. If the battery
terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution
of four parts water and one part baking soda. Apply
a light coating of grease to the battery terminals to
prevent corrosion.
Be sure ignition switch is in the OFF position
before charging the battery.
Voltage: 12 V
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Remove the free end of the battery strap from
the buckle and remove the battery cover from
the battery box (Figure 74).
DANGER
Charging or jump starting the battery may
produce explosive gases. Battery gases can
explode causing serious injury.
• Keep sparks, flames, or cigarettes away
from battery.
• Ventilate when charging or using battery in
an enclosed space.
• Ensure that the venting path of battery is
always open once the battery is filled with
acid.
• Do not lean over the batteries.
• Always shield eyes and face from battery.
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid,
which is poisonous and can cause severe
burns. Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or
if it touches skin can cause severe burns.
• Wear eye protection to shield your eyes
and rubber gloves to protect your skin and
clothing when handling electrolyte.
g027115
Figure 74
• Do not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with water
and call a doctor immediately.
59
1. Battery box
5. Battery cover
2. Battery support
6. Negative terminal
3. Buckle
4. Battery strap
7. Positive terminal
3.
Measure the voltage of the battery with a
voltmeter.
4.
Use the table below to locate the charge state
or the battery, and if needed, the battery-charger
setting and charging interval recommended to
charge the battery to 12.6 V or greater; refer to
the battery charge table below.
Charging the Battery
Important: Ensure that the negative battery
Charging the battery produces gasses that
can explode.
WARNING
cable is disconnected, and the battery
charger used for charging the battery
has an output of 16 V and 7 A or less to
avoid damaging the battery (see chart for
recommended charger settings).
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks
and flames away from battery.
Important: Always keep the battery fully charged
Battery Charge Table
Voltage
Reading
Percent
Charge
Maximum
Charger
Settings
Charging
Interval
12.6 or
greater
100%
16 V/
7A
12.4 – 12.6
75–100%
12.2 – 12.4
12.0–12.2
1.
No Charging
Required
Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to
Removing the Battery (page 61).
2.
Check the electrolyte level.
16 V/
7A
30 Minutes
3.
Ensure that the filler caps are installed on the
battery.
50–75%
16 V/
7A
1 Hour
4.
25–50%
14.4 V/
4A
2 Hours
Charge the battery for 1 hour at 25 to 30 A or 6
hours at 4 to 6 A.
5.
When the battery is fully charged, unplug the
charger from the electrical outlet, and disconnect
the charger leads from the battery posts (Figure
75).
6.
Install the battery onto the machine and connect
the battery cables; refer to Installing the Battery
(page 61).
11.7–12.0
0–25%
14.4 V/
4A
3 Hours
11.7 or less
0%
14.4 V/
2A
6 Hours or
More
5.
6.
(1.265 specific gravity) to prevent battery damage
when the temperature is below 32°F (0°C).
If the positive cable is also disconnected,
connect the positive (red) cable to the
positive-battery terminal and slip terminal cover
over the positive terminal (Figure 74).
Note: Do not run the machine with the battery
disconnected; electrical damage may occur.
Remove the screw, washer, and ground cable
from the engine. Secure the battery cable to
the battery terminal with the bolt, washer, and
nut and torque the nut and bolt to 1978 to 2542
N∙cm (175 to 225 in-lb).
Note: If time does not permit charging the
battery or if charging equipment is not available,
connect the negative-battery cables and run
the vehicle continuously for 20 to 30 minutes to
charge the battery.
7.
g000538
Align the battery cover to the battery box and
secure the cover and box to the battery tray with
the battery strap (Figure 74).
Figure 75
60
1. Positive battery post
3. Red (+) charger lead
2. Negative battery post
4. Black (-) charger lead
Removing and Installing
the Battery
Removing the Battery
WARNING
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal machine components causing
sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses
to explode, resulting in personal injury.
g027432
Figure 76
• When removing or installing the battery,
do not allow the battery terminals to touch
any metal parts of the machine.
1. Negative-battery-cable
cover (black)
4. Flanged bolt
2. Flanged nut
5. Positive (+) battery
terminal
• Do not allow metal tools to short between
the battery terminals and metal parts of the
machine.
3. Negative (-) battery
terminal
WARNING
Incorrect battery-cable routing could damage
the machine and cables causing sparks.
Sparks can cause the battery gasses to
explode, resulting in personal injury.
• Always disconnect the negative-battery
cable (black) before disconnecting the
positive (red) cable.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Remove the battery cover (Figure 74); refer to
step 2 of Checking the Battery Charge (page
59).
3.
Remove the hex-flanged bolt and flanged nut
from the negative-battery cable and negative (-)
battery terminal, and remove the cable from the
battery (Figure 76).
Slide the red-terminal cover off the
positive-battery terminal (Figure 76).
5.
Remove the hex-flanged bolt and flanged nut
from the positive (red) battery cable and the
positive (+) battery terminal, and remove the
cable from the battery (Figure 76).
6.
Remove the battery and battery box from the
battery tray of the machine.
Installing the Battery
• Always connect the positive-battery cable
(red) before connecting the negative
(black) cable.
1.
4.
61
1.
Place the battery into the battery box.
2.
Position the battery and battery box onto the
battery tray of the machine.
3.
Install the positive (red) battery cable to positive
(+) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 76).
4.
Slide the red terminal cover over the
positive-battery terminal.
5.
Install the negative battery cable to the negative
(-) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 76).
6.
Align the battery cover to the battery box and
secure the cover and box to the battery tray with
the battery strap (Figure 74)
Jump-Starting the Machine
Note: Ensure that the vent caps are tight and
level. If available, place a damp cloth over any
vent caps on both batteries.
DANGER
3.
Jump-starting a battery that is cracked, frozen,
has low electrolyte level, or an open/shorted
battery cell, can cause an explosion resulting
in serious personal injury.
Connect the positive (+) cable clamp (red) to the
positive (+) terminal of the discharged battery
(Figure 77).
Note: The positive-battery cable is wired to the
starter or solenoid.
Do not jump-start a battery if these conditions
exist; replace the battery.
CAUTION
Corrosion or loose connections can cause
unwanted electrical voltage spikes at any time
during the jump-starting procedure.
Do not attempt to jump start a machine
with loose or corroded battery terminals, or
damage to the engine can occur.
g012785
Figure 77
1. Positive (+) cable on the discharged battery
2. Positive (+) cable on booster battery
CAUTION
3. Negative (–) cable on the booster battery
Connecting the jumper cables incorrectly
(wrong polarity) can immediately damage the
electrical system.
4. Negative (–) cable on the engine block
Be certain of the battery-terminal polarity and
the jumper-cable polarity when connecting to
the battery.
7. Engine block
4.
Connect the other positive (+) cable clamp (red)
to the positive terminal of the booster battery.
Important: Be sure that the vehicles do not touch
and that both electrical systems are off and at the
same rated system voltage. These instructions
are for negative-ground systems only.
5.
Connect the negative (–) cable clamp (black) to
the negative terminal of the booster battery.
6.
Connect the other negative (–) cable clamp
(black) to the engine block of the stalled machine
and away from the discharged battery.
5. Booster battery
6. Discharged battery
Important: Use the properly sized jumper cables
(4 to 6 AWG) with short lengths to reduce the
voltage drop between systems. Ensure that the
cables are color coded or labeled for the correct
polarity.
Important: Do not connect the negative (–)
cable clamp (black) to the negative battery
post of the discharged battery.
Note: The following instructions are adapted from the
SAE J1494 Rev. Dec. 2001 – Battery Booster Cables
– Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice (SAE –
Society of Automotive Engineers).
1.
Check the battery terminals of the discharged
battery and the booster battery for corrosion
(white, green, or blue “snow”).
Stand away from the discharged battery of the
machine.
8.
Start the machine and remove the cables in
the reverse order of connection, disconnect the
engine block connection first.
Servicing the Fuses
Note: Clean the corrosion from the battery
The electrical system is protected by fuses, and
requires no maintenance. If a fuse blows, check the
component or circuit for a malfunction or short.
terminals prior to jump starting. Tighten the
battery cable connections as necessary.
2.
7.
1.
Ensure that the booster is a 12-volt battery with
a sufficient amp rating that is in good condition
and fully charged.
62
Remove the negative-battery cable from the
battery terminal; refer to steps 2 and 3 of
Removing the Battery (page 61).
Drive System
Maintenance
Note: Ensure that the negative battery cable
does not touch the battery terminal.
2.
Push the tab on the fuse/relay holder and
separate the cover from the holder (Figure 78).
3.
Pull the fuse from the socket of the fuse/relay
holder (Figure 78).
Checking the Air Pressure
in the Tires
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
Note: Service the air pressure in both the front and
rear tires.
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Check tire pressure in front and rear tires.
3.
If necessary, adjust the air pressure in the tires
to 83 to 97 kPa (12 to 14 psi).
Torquing the Axle Bolts
Service Interval: Yearly
1.
Torque the 4 axle bolts on both front and rear
wheels (Figure 79) to 48 N∙m (35 ft-lb).
2.
Torque the 2 setscrews on each rear wheel to
12 N∙m (105 in-lb).
g027495
Figure 78
1. Battery box
3. Fuses
2. Cover
4. Fuse/relay holder
Important: If you remove the wheel(s) for
4.
Install a fuse of the same type (20 A) into the
socket of the fuse/relay holder (Figure 78).
5.
Install the cover on to the fuse/relay holder until
it locks into place (Figure 78).
6.
Install the negative-battery cable from the battery
terminal; refer to steps 5 and 6 of Installing the
Battery (page 61).
maintenance, apply medium-grade thread-locking
compound to the threads of the bolts before
installing the wheel(s)
Important: If you remove the rear wheel(s) for
maintenance apply a copper-based, anti-seizing
compound on the rear-axle shafts.
Important: Do not use anti-seize compound on
the wheel bolts.
g033531
Figure 79
1. Axle bolts
63
2. Setscrews
Aligning the Front Wheels
5.
Operator supplied equipment: 2 bolts 9 x 76 mm
(5/16 x 3 inch) or longer
1. Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2. Check the tire pressure; refer to Checking the
Air Pressure in the Tires (page 63).
3. Center and secure the steering control by
aligning 2 bolts (5/16 x 3 inch) through the
outside holes on the steering control and through
the control column.
Measure the distance between the 2 rear faces
of the front tires as shown in Figure 81.
Record the front measurement here
.
Note: The front measurement should be 6.4 to
12.7 mm (1/4 to 1/2 inch) larger than the rear
measurement.
6.
If the front measurement is smaller than 6.4 mm
(1/4 inch) or larger than 12.7 mm (1/2 inch),
adjustment the rod ends for the steering linkage
as follows:
A.
Remove the 4 thumb screws that secure
the front cover (below the impeller) to the
chassis and remove the cover (Figure 82).
g027150
Figure 80
1. Outside holes (steering
control)
4.
g033530
Figure 82
2. Control column
1. Forward cover
2. Clip nut
Measure the distance between the 2 front faces
of the front tires as shown in Figure 81.
B.
3. Thumb screw
Loosen the jam nuts at the rod ends.
Record the front measurement here
.
g027152
g027469
Figure 83
Figure 81
Viewed underneath machine
1. Front of the machine
2. Front measurement
3. Front face of the tire
1. Jam nuts
4. Rear face of the tire
5. Rear measurement
C.
64
Rotate the steering rod to lengthen or
shorten the linkage. Adjust both the left and
right steering linkages equally.
Note: The factory center-to-center
distance between the ball-joint rod ends
at the steering linkage is 23.3 cm (9.21
inches).
7.
D.
Tighten the jam nuts.
E.
Align the holes in the front cover with the
clip nuts in the chassis and secure the cover
with the 4 thumb nuts that you removed in
A.
Servicing the Transaxle
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
Transaxle Oil Type: Toro® HYPR-OIL™ 500
hydraulic oil or Mobil® 1 15W-50
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Rotate counterclockwise the 2 quarter-turn
fasteners that secure the knee pad to the
chassis of the machine (Figure 84).
g027155
Figure 84
1. Quick release screws
3. Oil expansion tank
2. Knee pad
3.
Lift the knee pad up and rearward slightly and
remove the pad from the machine (Figure 84).
4.
Clean area around fluid-expansion tank and
remove cap (Figure 84).
5.
Check the fluid level in the expansion tank.
If the fluid level is too low, add the specified fluid
into the expansion tank.
7.
Install the tank cap onto the expansion tank and
tighten the cap until it is snug (Figure 84).
Note: Do not overtighten the cap.
Remove the bolts that you installed in step 3
from the control column and steering control.
1.
6.
Note: The fluid-level cover the bottom port in
tank
65
Controls System
Maintenance
Adjusting the Pattern
Control Cable for the
Spreader
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Empty the hopper; refer to Emptying the
Spreader (page 26)
3.
Close the impeller gate by pushing the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever forward fully
(Figure 85).
g027205
Figure 86
1. Jam nut (pattern control cable)
2. Linkage rod
3. Impeller shaft
4. 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) gap between ramp tooth and impeller
shaft
5. Ramp tooth
6.
Pull the linkage rod until there is 1/8 inch (3.2
mm) gap between the ramp tooth and the
impeller shaft (Figure 86).
7.
Tighten the jam nut (Figure 86).
8.
Adjust the spread-pattern-control handle; refer
to Adjusting the Spreader Pattern (page 30).
g027470
Figure 85
1. Unlock—spread pattern
control handle (rotate
counterclockwise)
3. Lock—spread pattern
control handle (rotate
clockwise)
2. Push down—spread
pattern control handle
4. Push
forward—wide-distribution
impeller-gate lever
4.
Rotate the spread-pattern-control handle
counterclockwise, push the handle down,
and rotate the spread-pattern-control handle
clockwise(3) refer to Figure 85.
5.
Loosen the jam nut at the end of the
pattern-control cable (Figure 86).
66
Maintaining the Sprayer
System
Maintaining the Chassis
Checking the Machine for
Loose Hardware
Checking Sprayer System
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Visually inspect machine for damaged or worn
parts, and check for loose hardware.
2.
Check all hoses, nozzles, and fittings for
damage and leaks.
Note: Before operating the machine, replace
any damaged parts and tighten all loose
hardware.
Note: Replace all damaged or leaking sprayer
components.
3.
Check the nozzle strainers and in-line strainers
for accumulation of dirt and chemical sludge.
Note: Clean or replace strainers with an
accumulation of dirt and chemical sludge.
67
Cleaning the Debris from
the Machine
Cleaning
Cleaning the Engine and
the Exhaust System Area
Service Interval: After each use
Service Interval: After each use (may be required
more often in dry or dirty conditions.)
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Clean off any debris or chemical build-up on the
machine, especially the nozzles, sprayer-tank
opening, impeller, and the spray wand and its
holder
CAUTION
Excessive debris around engine-air intake
and exhaust system area can cause engine,
exhaust area, and hydraulic system to
overheat which can create a fire hazard.
Removing the Engine
Shroud and Cleaning the
Cooling Fins
Clean all debris from engine and exhaust
system area.
Service Interval: Every 80 hours
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 50).
2.
Clean all debris from screen next to the starter
grip of the engine, around engine shrouding, fuel
tank, and exhaust system area.
2.
Remove cooling shroud from engine.
3.
Clean cooling fins of the engine.
3.
Wipe up any excessive grease or oil around the
engine and exhaust system area.
4.
Clean muffler-heat shields of all debris, dirt, and
oil.
Note: Also, clean dust, dirt, and oil from
external surfaces of engine which can cause
improper cooling.
4.
Install the cooling shrouds onto the engine.
Note: Operating the engine without cooling
shrouds will cause engine damage due to
overheating.
Waste Disposal
Chemical Disposal
Improper chemical disposal can pollute the
environment and cause health issues.
Follow the disposal directions on the
chemical-manufacturer’s label. Dispose of
chemicals and containers in accordance to
local/state/federal laws.
Disposing of the Engine Oil
Engine oil and hydraulic fluid are both pollutants to
the environment. Dispose of used pollutants at a
certified-recycling center or according to your state
and local regulations.
68
Disposing of the Battery
Storage
DANGER
1.
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid,
which is poisonous and can cause severe
burns. Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or
if it touches skin can cause severe burns.
2.
• Wear eye protection to shield eyes, and
rubber gloves to protect skin and clothing
when handling electrolyte.
• Do not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with water
and call a doctor immediately.
3.
4.
Federal law states that batteries should not be placed
in the garbage. Management and disposal practices
for batteries must follow relevant federal, state, or
local laws.
5.
6.
Take the battery to a local certified-recycling center
if you replace a worn or damaged battery or if the
machine no longer operates and is being scrapped.
Note: If no local recycling is available, return the
battery to any certified battery seller.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Set sprayer-pump switch to the OFF position,
stop the machine, move motion-control lever to
the NEUTRAL position, shut off the engine, wait
for all moving parts to stop, remove key, and
engage parking brake.
Remove dirt and grime from the entire machine.
Important: You can wash the machine with
mild detergent and water. Do not pressure
wash the machine. Avoid excessive use
of water, especially near the engine and
hydrostatic drive.
Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner (page 51).
Lubricate the machine; refer to Lubricating the
Grease Fittings (page 51).
Change the engine oil; refer to Changing the
Engine Oil (page 53).
Remove the rear wheels, apply a copper-based,
anti-seizing compound to the rear-axle shafts,
and install the wheels; refer to Torquing the Axle
Bolts (page 63).
Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws.
Repair or replace any part that is damaged.
Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint
is available from your Authorized Service Dealer.
Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or
storage area.
Cover the machine to protect it and keep it clean.
Preparing the Machine for
Extended or Winter Storage
To help protect the pumps from freezing temperatures,
ensure that the unit is free of all caustic chemicals
and residue.
Cleaning the Spreader
Perform all the steps in Cleaning and Lubricating the
Spreader (page 43).
Winterizing the Sprayer
Emptying the Tank
1.
2.
69
Perform all the steps in Cleaning the Sprayer
System and Wand (page 44), Cleaning the
Strainer (page 45), and Cleaning the Sprayer
Nozzle (page 45).
Empty the sprayer system by performing the
following:
A.
Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying
the Sprayer Tank (page 39).
B.
Start the machine and set sprayer-pump
switch to the ON position
C.
Push forward the tank agitation lever.
D.
Pull back the narrow-spray pattern lever.
Note: Run the sprayer nozzle until the
narrow nozzle is spraying air.
E.
Push forward the narrow-spray pattern lever
and pull back the wide-spray pattern lever.
Note: Run the sprayer nozzles until the
both wide nozzles are spraying air.
F.
3.
Push forward the wide-spray pattern lever.
Shut off the sprayer pump and the engine.
Preparing the Sprayer System
Antifreeze type: 2.5 L (0.7 US gallon) rust inhibiting,
non-alcohol based, RV-antifreeze concentrate
Important: Do not allow all of the antifreeze
mixture to empty from the sprayer tank while
running the sprayer nozzles and wand. Keeping
some of the antifreeze in the pump, valves, and
hoses will help prevent corrosion and damage
caused by moist air trapped in the sprayer system.
1.
Mix 2.5 L (0.7 US gallon) RV anti-freeze
concentrate with 5.1 L (1.3 US gallon) water
and pour the antifreeze mixture into the into the
sprayer tank.
Note: Use a rust inhibiting, non-alcohol based,
RV antifreeze concentrate.
2.
Start the machine and set the sprayer-pump
switch to the ON position.
3.
Pull back the narrow-spray pattern lever to the
ON position.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle.
4.
Push forward the narrow-spray pattern lever and
pull back the wide-spray pattern lever.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle.
5.
Push forward the wide-spray pattern lever.
6.
Remove the wand from its holder, point it in a
safe direction, and squeeze the spray-wand
trigger.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle and then return the wand to
its holder.
7.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the OFF position
and shut off the engine.
70
Troubleshooting
Important: Ensure that the operator safety mechanisms for the machine are connected and in proper
operating condition before you use the machine.
When a problem occurs, do not overlook the simple causes. For example: starting problems could be caused
by an empty fuel tank.
The following table lists some of the common causes of trouble. Do not attempt to service or replace major
engine items or any items that call for special timing of adjustments procedures (such as valves, governor, etc.).
Have this work done by your engine service dealer.
Note: When disconnecting electrical connectors, do not pull on the wires to separate the connectors.
Problem
The starter does not rotate the engine.
Possible Cause
1. The parking brake is not engaged.
1. Engage the parking brake.
2. The battery does not have a full
charge.
4. A fuse is blown.
5. A relay or switch is worn or damaged.
2. Charge the battery; refer to the
Charging the Battery, and Jump
Starting the Machine procedures in the
Maintenance section.
3. Check the electrical connection(s)
for good contact. Clean the
connector terminals thoroughly with
electrical-contact cleaner, apply
dielectric grease to the terminals, and
connect the connectors.
4. Replace the blown fuse.
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. The fuel tank is empty.
1. Fill the fuel tank with fuel.
2. The fuel-shutoff valve is closed.
3. The throttle lever or choke lever or
both are not in the correct position.
2. Open the fuel-shutoff valve.
3. Move the throttle control is midway
between the SLOW and FAST positions.
Set the choke to the ON position when
starting a cold engine or set the choke
to the OFF position when starting a
warm engine.
4. Clean or replace the fuel strainer
(bottom of fuel tank).
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
3. An electrical connection(s) is corroded,
loose or faulty.
The engine does not start, it starts hard, or
it fails to keep running.
Corrective Action
4. There is dirt in fuel strainer.
5. There is dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
the fuel system.
6. The air-filter elements are dirty.
7. An electrical connection(s) is corroded,
loose or faulty.
8. A relay or switch is worn or damaged.
9. The spark plug is faulty.
10. The spark-plug wire is not connected
to the spark plug.
71
6. Clean the foam-filter element or
replace the paper-filter element.
7. Check the electrical connection(s)
for good contact. Clean the
connector terminals thoroughly with
electrical-contact cleaner, apply
dielectric grease to the terminals, and
connect the connectors.
8. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
9. Clean, adjust or replace spark plug.
10. Check the spark-plug wire connection
at the spark plug.
Problem
The engine loses power.
Possible Cause
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed of the
machine.
2. The air-filter elements are dirty.
2. Clean the foam-filter element or
replace the paper-filter element.
3. Add oil into the engine to the proper
oil level.
4. Clean the cooling fins and the air
passages.
3. The oil level in the engine is low.
4. The cooling fins and the air passages
for the engine are plugged with dirt or
debris.
5. The vent hole in the fuel cap is plugged.
6. There is dirt in the fuel strainer.
7. There is dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
the fuel system.
The engine overheats.
5. Clean the vent hole or replace the fuel
cap.
6. Clean or replace the fuel strainer
(bottom of fuel tank).
7. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed of the
machine.
2. The oil level in the engine is low.
2. Add oil into the engine to the proper
oil level.
3. Clean the cooling fins and the air
passages.
3. The cooling fins and air passages for
the engine are plugged with dirt or
debris.
The machine pulls to the left or the right
(with steering control fully forward).
Corrective Action
1. The air pressure in the tires is not
correct.
1. Adjust air pressure in the drive tires.
2. The steering linkage is damaged.
3. The front wheel toe-out is not correct.
2. Replace steering linkage.
3. Align the front wheels; refer to Aligning
the Front Wheels procedure.
4. Repair or replace the front wheel axles.
4. The front wheel axles are bent or
damaged.
5. The steering control is bent or
damaged.
5. Repair or replace the steering control.
The machine does not drive.
1. The bypass valve is not closed tight.
1. Close the bypass valve.
The machine vibrates abnormally.
1. The engine-mounting bolts are loose.
1. Tighten the engine-mounting bolts.
2. The coupling bolts and nuts for the
drive shaft are loose.
2. Tighten the appropriate fasteners.
1. There is debris buildup at the impeller.
1. Clean the impeller.
2. The hopper screen is plugged.
3. The impeller motor is loose or
damaged.
4. An electrical component for the
impeller motor system is open.
5. The impeller On/Off switch is in the
OFF position or the impeller speed
control is set too slow.
6. The impeller-drive pin is missing.
7. The bearings failed in the impeller
motor.
2. Clean the hopper screen.
3. Repair or replace the impeller motor.
The impeller does not rotate.
72
4. Check the electrical connections.
5. Set the impeller On/Off switch to the
ON position and check the position of
the knob for the impeller-speed control.
6. Replace the drive pin.
7. Replace the bearings in the motor or
the motor assembly.
Problem
The spreader or sprayer pattern is uneven.
There is no spray from the sprayer nozzles
in the boom or the nozzles have poor
output.
No material dispensed from hopper.
The spray wand does not work.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
1. The impeller is dirty or damaged.
1. Clean, repair, or replace the impeller.
2. The spreader-pattern control is not
adjusted properly.
3. The sprayer nozzles are clogged.
4. The hopper screen is plugged.
5. Material in the hopper is clumped over
the gate.
6. The diffuser ramp setting is incorrect.
2. Adjust the spreader-pattern control;
refer to the Adjust the Spreader Pattern
procedure in the Using the Spreader
section.
3. Clean or replace the nozzles.
4. Clean the hopper screen.
5. Check to see if the agitator pin for the
shaft of the impeller motor is present.
6. Adjust the position of the control cable.
1. The sprayer tank is empty.
1. Fill the sprayer tank.
2. The sprayer-pump supply valve is
closed or partially closed.
3. The strainer is clogged or damaged.
4. The pump is clogged or damaged.
5. The nozzles are clogged.
6. The hoses are clogged, kinked, or
damaged.
7. The tank-agitation lever is in the ON
position.
8. The sprayer-pattern lever is not in the
ON position.
9. The sprayer pressure and ground
speed are incorrect.
10. The chemical mixture in the sprayer
tank is incorrect.
11. The spray system is leaking.
2. Fully open the sprayer-pump supply
valve.
3. Clean, repair, or replace the strainer.
4. Clean, repair, or replace the pump.
5. Clean or replace the nozzles.
6. Clean, repair, or replace the hoses.
7. Move the tank-agitation lever to the
OFF position.
8. Move the narrow- or wide-sprayer
pattern lever to the ON position.
9. Adjust the sprayer pressure and the
ground speed of the machine.
10. Follow chemical manufacturer’s
recommendation.
11. Inspect the components of the sprayer
system; clean, repair, or replace
the sprayer- system components as
needed.
1. Hopper screen is plugged.
1. Clean hopper screen.
2. Gate not adjusted properly.
2. Adjust the gate. See Spreader Pattern
Adjustment section in Operation.
1. The sprayer tank is empty.
1. Fill the sprayer tank.
2. The sprayer-wand-pressure control is
in the wrong position.
3. The wand is clogged or damaged.
4. The spray nozzle for the wand is
clogged.
5. The trigger is not pressed.
6. The hose is clogged or damaged.
7. The hose is not connected to the wand.
8. The hose for the wand is kinked.
2. Rotate the pressure control to the
OPEN position.
3. Clean, repair, or replace the wand.
4. Clean or replace the nozzle.
73
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the trigger.
Clean, repair, or replace the hoses.
Connect the hose to the wand.
Straighten the kink in the hose.
Problem
The indicator light above the impeller
On/Off switch is illuminated or flashing.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
1. The indicator light is flashing at a slow,
constant rate and the —impeller motor
speed is not adjustable (locked).
1. While the impeller motor is running,
press and hold the impeller On/Off
switch for 5-seconds to reset impeller
motor speed control; or shut off the
engine, and then start the engine;
and/or Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
2. The indicator light flashes for 2
seconds and then pulses 2 times—The
electrical system for the impeller motor
is over current.
3. The indicator light flashes fast and
constant and then pulses 4 times—the
electrical system for the machine is
under voltage.
2. Check the electrical connections for
damage and corrosion; inspect the
impeller for blockage; and/or contact
an Authorized Service Dealer.
3. Run the engine at high idle with all
spreader function turned off to charge
the battery until the flashing indicator
light resets; check the condition of the
battery; check the electrical harness for
loose or damaged connections; check
the charging system of the engine for
electrical output; and/or contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
4. check charging system of the engine
for electrical output and/or contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
4. The indicator light flashes fast and then
pulses 5 times—the electrical system
for the machine is over voltage.
The indicator light above the sprayer
switch is illuminated or flashing.
1. The indicator light flashes for 2
seconds and then pulses 2 times—The
electrical system for the sprayer pump
is over current.
1. Check the electrical connections
for damage and corrosion; inspect
the sprayer pump for blockage and
drainage; and/or contact an Authorized
Service Dealer.
2. The indicator light flashes fast and
constant and then pulses 4 times—the
electrical system for the machine is
under voltage.
2. Run engine at high idle with the
sprayer function turned off to charge
the battery until the flashing indicator
light resets; check the condition of the
battery; check the electrical harness for
loose or damaged connections; check
the charging system of the engine for
electrical output; and/or contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
3. check the charging system of the
engine for electrical output and/or
contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
3. The indicator light flashes fast and then
pulses 5 times—the electrical system
for the machine is over voltage.
74
Schematics
g027149
Electrical Schematic (Rev. A)
75
g027148
Electrical Diagram (Rev. A)
76
g033525
Sprayer System Schematic (Rev. A)
77
Notes:
California Proposition 65 Warning Information
What is this warning?
You may see a product for sale that has a warning label like the following:
WARNING: Cancer and Reproductive Harm—www.p65Warnings.ca.gov.
What is Prop 65?
Prop 65 applies to any company operating in California, selling products in California, or manufacturing products that may be sold in or brought into
California. It mandates that the Governor of California maintain and publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects, and/or other
reproductive harm. The list, which is updated annually, includes hundreds of chemicals found in many everyday items. The purpose of Prop 65 is to
inform the public about exposure to these chemicals.
Prop 65 does not ban the sale of products containing these chemicals but instead requires warnings on any product, product packaging, or literature with
the product. Moreover, a Prop 65 warning does not mean that a product is in violation of any product safety standards or requirements. In fact, the
California government has clarified that a Prop 65 warning “is not the same as a regulatory decision that a product is ‘safe’ or ‘unsafe.’” Many of these
chemicals have been used in everyday products for years without documented harm. For more information, go to https://oag.ca.gov/prop65/faqs-view-all.
A Prop 65 warning means that a company has either (1) evaluated the exposure and has concluded that it exceeds the “no significant risk level”; or (2)
has chosen to provide a warning based on its understanding about the presence of a listed chemical without attempting to evaluate the exposure.
Does this law apply everywhere?
Prop 65 warnings are required under California law only. These warnings are seen throughout California in a wide range of settings, including but not
limited to restaurants, grocery stores, hotels, schools, and hospitals, and on a wide variety of products. Additionally, some online and mail order
retailers provide Prop 65 warnings on their websites or in catalogs.
How do the California warnings compare to federal limits?
Prop 65 standards are often more stringent than federal and international standards. There are various substances that require a Prop 65 warning
at levels that are far lower than federal action limits. For example, the Prop 65 standard for warnings for lead is 0.5 μg/day, which is well below
the federal and international standards.
Why don’t all similar products carry the warning?
•
•
Products sold in California require Prop 65 labelling while similar products sold elsewhere do not.
•
•
The enforcement of Prop 65 is inconsistent.
A company involved in a Prop 65 lawsuit reaching a settlement may be required to use Prop 65 warnings for its products, but other companies
making similar products may have no such requirement.
Companies may elect not to provide warnings because they conclude that they are not required to do so under Prop 65; a lack of warnings for a
product does not mean that the product is free of listed chemicals at similar levels.
Why does Toro include this warning?
Toro has chosen to provide consumers with as much information as possible so that they can make informed decisions about the products they buy and
use. Toro provides warnings in certain cases based on its knowledge of the presence of one or more listed chemicals without evaluating the level of
exposure, as not all the listed chemicals provide exposure limit requirements. While the exposure from Toro products may be negligible or well within the
“no significant risk” range, out of an abundance of caution, Toro has elected to provide the Prop 65 warnings. Moreover, if Toro does not provide these
warnings, it could be sued by the State of California or by private parties seeking to enforce Prop 65 and subject to substantial penalties.
Rev A
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