Toro Stand-On Spreader/Sprayer User manual

Toro Stand-On Spreader/Sprayer User manual
Form No. 3395-328 Rev A
Stand-On Spreader Sprayer
Model No. 34215—Serial No. 315000001 and Up
Register at www.Toro.com.
Original Instructions (EN)
*3395-328* A
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
This product contains a chemical or chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer,
birth defects, or reproductive harm.
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Use of this product may cause exposure to
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
Figure 1
1. Location of the model and serial numbers
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian ICES-002.
Model No.
Important: This engine is not equipped with a spark
arrester muffler. It is a violation of California Public
Resource Code Section 4442 to use or operate the engine
on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered
land. Other states or federal areas may have similar laws.
Serial No.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has safety
messages identified by the safety alert symbol (Figure 2),
which signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or death
if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
The enclosed Engine Owner's Manual is supplied for
information regarding the US Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Emission Control
Regulation of emission systems, maintenance, and
warranty. Replacements may be ordered through the
engine manufacturer.
Figure 2
1. Safety alert symbol
Introduction
This manual uses 2 words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical information
and Note emphasizes general information worthy of special
attention.
This stand-on spreader sprayer is intended to be used
by trained operators in residential and commercial
applications. The machine is primarily designed for
chemical distribution used for turf care or snow/ice
removal at residential grounds, parks, sports fields, and
on commercial grounds.
Read the information in the manual carefully to learn how
to operate and maintain your product properly and to avoid
injury and product damage. You are responsible for operating
the product properly and safely.
You may contact Toro directly at www.Toro.com for product
safety and operation training materials, accessory information,
help finding a dealer, or to register your product.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or additional
information, contact an Authorized Service Dealer or Toro
Customer Service and have the model and serial numbers of
your product ready. Figure 1 illustrates the location of the
model and serial numbers on the product. Write the numbers
in the space provided.
© 2015—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
2
Contact us at www.Toro.com.
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Contents
Removing the Engine Shroud and Cleaning the
Cooling Fins ......................................................65
Cleaning the Debris from the Machine.......................66
Waste Disposal.......................................................66
Storage ........................................................................66
Preparing the Machine for Extended or Winter
Storage..............................................................66
Troubleshooting ...........................................................68
Schematics ...................................................................72
Safety ........................................................................... 4
Safe Operating Practices........................................... 4
Toro Spreader Sprayer Safety .................................... 7
Slope Indicator ....................................................... 9
Safety and Instructional Decals ................................10
Setup ...........................................................................14
1 Checking the Tire Pressure ....................................14
2 Checking the Engine-Oil Level ..............................14
3 Checking the Transaxle-Oil Level ...........................14
4 Connecting the Battery .........................................15
Product Overview .........................................................15
Controls ...............................................................16
Machine Controls ...............................................16
Spreader Controls ...............................................17
Sprayer Controls.................................................19
Specifications ........................................................20
Operation ....................................................................21
Checking the Engine-Oil Level.................................21
Adding Fuel...........................................................22
Checking the Safety Interlock System ........................23
Checking the Machine for Loose Hardware ................23
Operating the Machine............................................24
Operating the Spreader ...........................................26
Operating the Sprayer .............................................36
Transporting the Machine........................................47
Maintenance .................................................................50
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ......................50
Premaintenance Procedures ........................................51
Preparing for the Machine for Maintenance ................51
Lubrication ...............................................................51
Lubricating the Grease Fittings.................................51
Engine Maintenance ..................................................52
Servicing the Air Cleaner .........................................52
Servicing the Engine Oil..........................................53
Servicing the Spark Plug ..........................................54
Servicing the Engine Fuel System .............................55
Servicing the Spark Arrester.....................................57
Removing the Spark Arrester ...................................57
Electrical System Maintenance ....................................58
Servicing the Battery...............................................58
Removing and Installing the Battery ..........................59
Jump Starting the Machine.......................................60
Servicing the Fuses .................................................61
Drive System Maintenance .........................................62
Checking the Air Pressure in the Tires........................62
Torquing the Axle Bolts...........................................62
Aligning the Front Wheels .......................................62
Servicing the Transaxle............................................63
Controls System Maintenance .....................................64
Adjusting the Pattern Control Cable for the
Spreader ...........................................................64
Maintaining the Sprayer System....................................65
Check Sprayer System .............................................65
Cleaning ...................................................................65
Cleaning the Engine and the Exhaust System
Area..................................................................65
3
Safety
Note: If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) cannot read the
manual language, it is the owner's responsibility to explain
this material to them.
Improper use or maintenance by the operator or owner
can result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury,
comply with these safety instructions, and pay attention to
the safety alert symbol , which means Caution, Warning, or
Danger—“personal safety instruction.” Failure to comply
with the instructions may result in personal injury or
death.
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment,
operator controls, and safety signs.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained. The
owner is responsible for training the users.
• Never let children or untrained people operate or service
the equipment.
WARNING
Note: Local regulations may restrict the age of the
operator.
Removal or modification of original equipment,
parts and/or accessories may alter the warranty,
controllability, and safety of the machine.
Unauthorized modifications to the original
equipment or failure to use original Toro parts
could lead to serious injury or death. Unauthorized
changes to the machine, engine, fuel or venting
system, may violate applicable safety standards such
as: ANSI, OSHA and NFPA and/or government
regulations such as EPA and CARB.
• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for
accidents or injuries occurring to himself or herself, other
people, or damage to property.
Preparation
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories and
attachments are needed to properly and safely perform
the job. Only use accessories and attachments approved
by the manufacturer.
Replace all parts including, but not limited to, tires,
belts, and fuel system components with original
Toro parts.
• Wear appropriate clothing; including a hard hat, safety
glasses, long pants, safety shoes (rubber boots, gloves,
and hearing protection.
Important: This machine was manufactured according
to the appropriate regulatory standards in effect at the
time of manufacture. Modifying this machine in any
way may cause it to be out of compliance with those
standards and with the instructions in this Operator’s
Manual. Modifications to this machine should only be
made by either the manufacturer or an Authorized Toro
Dealer.
CAUTION
This machine produces sound levels in excess
of 85 dBA at the operator’s ear and can cause
hearing loss through extended periods of
exposure.
Wear hearing protection when operating this
machine.
This product is capable of injuring your hands and feet.
Follow all safety instructions to avoid serious injury or death.
Important: Long hair, loose clothing or jewelry may
get tangled in moving parts.
The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for accidents
or injuries occurring to people, or damage to property.
• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be used and
ensure that all objects are removed from the area before
use.
Any use of this machine other than spreading or spraying
chemicals on turf grass could prove dangerous to the user
and bystanders.
• Use extra care when handling fuels. They are flammable
and vapors are explosive.
Important: The addition of attachments made by other
manufacturers that do not meet ANSI certification may
cause noncompliance of this machine.
– Use only an approved container.
– Do not remove the fuel cap or add fuel with the
engine running. Allow the engine to cool before
refueling. Do not smoke near the machine when the
engine is running.
Safe Operating Practices
The following instructions are from ANSI standard
B71.4-2012.
– Do not refuel or drain the machine indoors.
• Check that the operator's presence controls, safety
switches, and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate the machine unless they are
functioning properly.
Training
• Read the Operator's Manual and other training material.
4
• Check all sprayer components for wear and leaks before
•
• Do not fill, calibrate, or clean the unit when people,
applying pressure to the system. Do not use the sprayer
if it is leaking or damaged.
Make sure the operator platform is clean and free from
chemical residue and debris buildup.
especially children, or pets are in the area.
• Handle chemicals in a well ventilated area.
• Have clean water available especially when filling the
spray tank.
• Do not eat, drink, or smoke while working with chemicals.
Chemical Safety
• Do not clean spray nozzles by blowing through them or
WARNING
placing in mouth.
Chemical substances used in the spreader-sprayer
system may be hazardous and toxic to you,
bystanders, animals, plants, soils or other property.
• Carefully read and follow the chemical warning
labels and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
for all chemicals used and protect yourself
according to the chemical manufacturer's
recommendations. Ensure that as little skin
as possible is exposed while using chemicals.
Use appropriate Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE) to guard against personal contact with
chemicals, such as:
– safety glasses, goggles, and/or face shield
– respirator or filter mask
– chemical resistant gloves
– rubber boots or other substantial footwear
– hearing protection
– clean change of clothes, soap, and disposable
towels, to be kept on-hand, in the event of
a chemical spill.
• Keep in mind that there may be more than
one chemical used, and information on each
chemical should be assessed.
• Refuse to operate or work on the spreader-sprayer
if this information is not available!
• Before working on a spreader-sprayer
system, make sure that the system has
been triple rinsed and neutralized according
to the recommendations of the chemical
manufacturer(s) and all of the valves have been
cycled 3 times.
• Verify there is an adequate supply of clean water
and soap nearby, and immediately wash off any
chemicals that contact you.
• Always wash your hands and other exposed areas as soon
as possible after you finish the working with chemicals.
• Keep chemicals in their original packages and stored in
a safe location.
• Properly dispose of unused chemicals and chemical
containers as instructed by the chemical manufacturer
and your local codes.
• Chemicals and fumes are dangerous; never enter the tank,
hopper, or place your head over or in the opening for a
tank or hopper.
• Follow all local, state, federal regulations for spreading
or spraying chemicals.
Operation
WARNING
Operating engine parts, especially the muffler,
become extremely hot. Severe burns can occur on
contact and debris, such as leaves, grass, brush, etc.
can catch fire.
• Allow engine parts, especially the muffler, to
cool before touching.
• Remove accumulated debris from muffler and
engine area.
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, which
is an odorless deadly poison that can kill you.
Do not run engine indoors or in a small confined
area where dangerous carbon monoxide fumes can
collect.
• Obtain proper training before using or handling
•
•
chemicals.
Use the correct chemical for the job.
Follow the chemical manufacturer's instructions for
the safe application of the chemical. Do not exceed
recommended system application pressure.
5
• Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed
WARNING
the engine.
Stop the machine after striking objects or if an abnormal
vibration occurs. Make the necessary repairs before
resuming operations.
Hands, feet, hair, clothing, or accessories can
become entangled in rotating parts. Contact with
the rotating parts can cause traumatic amputation
or severe lacerations.
•
• Do not operate the machine without guards,
shields, and safety devices in place and working
properly.
Safe Handling of Fuel
• To avoid personal injury or property damage, use
• Keep hands, feet, hair, jewelry, or clothing away
from rotating parts.
•
•
•
• Do not operate the machine under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Keep pets and bystanders away from an operating
machine.
•
•
•
Stop the machine if anyone enters the area.
• Make sure that you have good footing while using this
machine, especially when backing up.
Note: Reduced footing could cause slipping.
•
• Stop on level ground, disengage drives, engage the
parking brake (if provided), shut off the engine before
leaving the operator's position for any reason.
•
• Do not run an engine in an enclosed area.
• Lightning can cause severe injury or death. If lightning
is seen, or thunder is heard in the area, do not operate
the machine; seek shelter.
•
• Only operate in well-lit areas, keeping away from holes
and hidden hazards.
•
• Slow down and use extra care on hillsides. Be sure to
travel side to side on hillsides. Turf conditions can affect
the stability of the machine. Use caution while operating
near drop-offs.
•
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and when
extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely
flammable and the vapors are explosive.
Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other sources
of ignition.
Use only an approved fuel container.
Do not remove the fuel cap or add fuel with the engine
running.
Allow the engine to cool before fueling.
Do not fuel the machine indoors.
Do not store the machine or fuel container where there
is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such as on a water
heater or on other appliances.
Do not fill containers inside a vehicle, on a truck, or on a
trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always place containers on
the ground away from your vehicle before filling.
Remove equipment from the truck or trailer and fuel it
on the ground. If this is not possible, then add fuel with
such equipment as a portable container, rather than from
a fuel dispenser nozzle.
Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank
or container opening at all times until fueling is complete.
Do not use a nozzle lock open device.
If fuel is spilled on clothing, change your clothing
immediately.
Do not overfill fuel tank. Replace fuel cap and tighten
securely.
Maintenance and Storage
changing directions on slopes.
• Do not allow untrained personnel to service machine.
• Do not touch equipment or attachment parts which may
• Look behind and down before backing up to ensure a
clear path.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
crossing roads and sidewalks.
•
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees,
or other objects that may obscure vision.
•
• Allow engine parts, especially the muffler, to cool before
touching.
• Remove accumulated debris from muffler and engine area.
• Ensure that motion control is in the Neutral position and
•
that the parking brake is set before starting engine. Only
start the engine from the operator’s position.
• Do not operate the machine without the shields or
•
other guards securely in place. Be sure all interlocks are
attached, adjusted properly, and functioning properly.
6
be hot from operation. Allow all of the parts of the
machine to cool before attempting to maintain, adjust, or
service the machine.
Keep hands and feet away from moving parts. If possible,
do not make adjustments with the engine running.
Move the motion control lever to the Neutral position,
set the parking brake, stop engine, and remove key or
disconnect spark-plug wire. Wait for all movement to
stop before adjusting, cleaning or repairing.
Disconnect the battery or remove the spark-plug wire
before making any repairs. Disconnect the negative
terminal first and the positive terminal last. Reconnect
the positive first and negative last.
Clean grass, dirt, and debris from the drives, mufflers, and
engine to help prevent fires.
Sprayer and Spreader Operation
• Clean up oil or fuel spillage.
• Park machine on level, hard ground. Never allow
WARNING
untrained personnel to service machine.
Spray wand traps liquids under high pressure, even
when engine is off. High pressure spray discharge
could cause serious injury or death.
• Keep clear of nozzle and do not direct spray
or stream at people, pets, or non-work area
property.
• Do not direct spray on or near electrical power
components or source.
• Do not attach hoses or other components to the
end of the spray wand nozzle.
• Do not attempt to disconnect the spray wand
from the unit while the system is pressurized.
• Do not use spray wand if trigger lock is damaged
or missing.
• Do not keep spray wand in locked-open position
when job is complete.
• Use jack stands to support components when required.
• Carefully release pressure from components with stored
energy.
• Do not store fuel near flames or drain indoors.
• Let the engine cool before storing.
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all hardware
tightened. Replace all worn or damaged decals.
Hauling
• Use care when loading or unloading the machine into a
trailer or a truck.
• Use full-width ramps for loading machine into a trailer
or a truck.
• Tie the machine down securely using straps, chains, cable,
or ropes. Both front and rear straps should be directed
down and outward from the machine.
• Do not touch the impeller for the spreader while the
Toro Spreader Sprayer Safety
•
The following list contains safety information specific to Toro
products and other safety information you must know.
•
General Operation
•
• Check carefully for overhead clearances (i.e. branches,
doorways, electrical wires, etc.) before operating under
any objects, and do not contact them.
• Use caution when you are riding on the platform and
•
driving the machine over curbs, rocks, roots, or other
obstructions.
•
• Do not jerk the controls; use a steady motion.
• Do not carry passengers.
•
• Do not carry equipment on the machine.
inpeller is rotating.
Stop spreading/spraying when making tight turns to
minimize uneven distribution pattern, application rate,
and chemical drift.
Chemicals may drift and cause injury to people and
animals; it may also damage plants, soil, or other property.
Liquid loads and granular materials can shift. This shifting
happens most often while turning, going up or down hills,
suddenly changing speeds, or while driving over rough
surfaces. Shifting loads can cause the unit to tip over.
Safely relieve pressure from spray wand every time engine
is turned off.
When draining or relieving system, do not let anyone
stand in front of nozzles and do not drain on a person’s
feet.
Do not repair spray wand, hoses, seals, nozzle, or other
wand components; replace them.
Slope Operation
Use extreme caution when spreading or spraying chemicals
and/or turning on slopes as loss of traction and/or tip-over
could occur. The operator is responsible for safe operation
on slopes.
• Remove or mark obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
from the area on which you are spreading or spraying
chemicals.
• Watch for holes, ruts or bumps.
•
7
Note: Tall grass can hide obstacles.
Use caution near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
Note: The machine could suddenly turn over if a wheel
goes over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
• Be aware that operating on wet grass, across steep slopes
or downhill may cause the machine to lose traction. Loss
of traction to the drive wheels may result in sliding and a
loss of braking and steering.
• Do not spread or spray chemicals on slopes greater
than 15 degrees; refer to Figure 3 to determine the
approximate slope angle of the work area.
• Avoid sudden starts and stops when spreading or spraying
chemicals uphill because the machine may tip backward.
Note: The machine is more stable driving uphill.
• Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual.
• Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel
weights or counter weights to improve stability.
• Use extra care with attachments.
Note: Use of attachments can change the stability of
the machine.
Service
• To best protect your investment and maintain optimal
performance of your Toro equipment, count on Toro
genuine parts. When it comes to reliability, Toro delivers
replacement parts designed to the exact engineering
specifications of our equipment. For peace of mind, insist
on Toro genuine parts.
• Never remove or tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly. Never do anything to interfere
with the intended function of a safety device or to reduce
the protection provided by a safety device.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as
required.
8
Slope Indicator
G011841
Figure 3
This page may be copied for personal use.
1. The maximum slope you can safely operate the machine on is 15 degrees. Use the slope chart to determine the degree of slope
of hills before operating. Do not operate this machine on a slope greater than 15 degrees. Fold along the appropriate line
to match the recommended slope.
2. Align this edge with a vertical surface, a tree, building, fence pole, etc.
3. Example of how to compare slope with folded edge.
9
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area of potential
danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
117–2718
126-2620
1. Pull lever up to disengage
the brake.
126-2621
2. Push lever down to
engage the brake.
1. Unlock to push machine.
3. Lock to drive machine.
2. Read the instructions
before servicing or
performing maintenance.
126-4161
1. Agitation-Off
126-4122
1. Fuse location
4. Start relay
2. Main, 20A
5. Relay location
3. Regulator, 20A
10
4. Narrow spray-On
2. Agitation-On
5. Wide spray-Off
3. Narrow spray-Off
6. Wide spray-On
126-2195
1. Hour meter
14. Spray pressure-Decrease
2. Engine-Off
15. Spray pressure-Increase
3. Engine-On
16. Spray wand flow valve
4. Engine-Start
17. Spray wand flow-Off
5. Granular side deflector control-Pull up to raise.
18. Spray wand flow-Decrease
6. Granular side deflector control-Push down to lower.
19. Spray wand flow-Increase
7. Spreader pattern control-Rotate counterclockwise to unlock;
rotate clockwise to lock.
8. Spread pattern control-Pull up if heavy on left side.
20. Spray wand flow-On
21. Granular gate RH lever-Narrow distribution-On
9. Spread pattern control-Push down if heavy on right side.
22. Granular gate RH lever-Narrow distribution-Off
10. Throttle-Fast
12. Throttle-Slow
23. Granular gate adjustable stop control-Narrow
distribution-Decrease
24. Granular gate adjustable stop control-Narrow
distribution-Increase
25. Granular gate LH lever-Wide distribution-Off
13. Spray pressure control
26. Granular gate LH lever-Wide distribution-On
11. Continuous variable setting
11
126-2612
1. Fast
9. Thrown object hazard-do not operate when people and pets
are in the area.
10. Warning-do hot operate on slopes greater than 15 degrees.
Do not operate on wet slopes–use extreme caution when
operating on slopes; operate across slopes not up and down.
Loads may shift on slopes or when turning.
2. Slow
3. Neutral
11. Caustic liquid/chemical burn and toxic gas inhalation hazards
- wear hand, skin, eye, and respiratory protection.
4. Reverse
12. Warning-Use fresh, clean water:
- for first-aid washing
- for rinsing the tank.
5. Warning-Read the Operator’s Manual. Do not operate this
machine unless you are trained. Wear hearing protection.
13. Neutral
6. Warning-Stay away from moving parts; keep all guards
in place. Stop engine and remove key before adjusting,
servicing, or cleaning.
14. Move steering control right to turn right.
7. Warning-Disengage sprayer controls, move drive lever to
neutral position, engage parking brake, and stop engine
before leaving the operator’s position.
15. Move steering control to center to go straight.
8. Crushing/dismemberment hazard of bystanders - do not carry 16. Move steering control left to turn left.
passengers, look forward and down when operating the
machine, look behind and down when reversing.
126-4994
1. Cutting/dismemberment hazard—keep away from moving
parts.
2. Warning—do not use the upper front locations as tie down
points, only use the specified tie down points; see the
Operator’s Manual for location.
12
126-5186
1. Read the Operator's Manual before servicing the machine
or performing maintenance.
4. For more information on servicing the rear axle shafts, read
the Operator's Manual.
2. Grease the steering pivots every 100 hours.
5. Check the tire pressure—90kPa (13 psi) every 50 hours.
3. Check the hydraulic oil level every 50 hours.
6. Read the Operator's Manual.
Spreader Sprayer Control
1. Spray pump switch-On/Off
2. Solid light-normal pump operation
3. Fast flashing light-pump malfunction; see Operator’s manual.
4. Solid light-normal operation of spreader motor and speed control.
5. Fast flashing light-spreader motor and/or speed control malfunction; see Operator’s manual.
Constant slow flashing light-spreader motor speed setting locked.
6. Granular impeller motor and speed control-On/Off; press push button fast.
7. Granular speed control lock/unlock-On/Off; press and hold button.
8. Speed control-slow
9. Speed control-fast
13
Setup
Loose Parts
Use the chart below to verify that all parts have been shipped.
Procedure
Description
4
Use
Qty.
–
No parts required
Connect the battery.
Media and Additional Parts
Description
Use
Qty.
Operator's Manual
1
Read before operating the machine.
Key
2
Start the machine.
1
3
Checking the Tire Pressure
Checking the Transaxle-Oil
Level
No Parts Required
No Parts Required
Procedure
Procedure
Front and Rear Tire Air Pressure: 83 to 97 kPa (12 to 14
psi)
Transaxle Oil Type: Toro® HYPR-OIL™ 500 hydraulic oil
or Mobil® 1 15W-50
1. Check the air pressure in the front and rear tires.
2. If the air pressure in the tires need adjustment, inflate
the tires to 83 to 97 kPa (12 to 14 psi).
The Transaxle is shipped with oil; check transaxle oil level in
the oil expansion tank, and if necessary, add to the appropriate
level; refer to Servicing the Transaxle (page 63)
2
Checking the Engine-Oil Level
No Parts Required
Procedure
The engine is shipped with oil; check the engine-oil level and,
if necessary, add to the appropriate level. Refer to Checking
the Engine-Oil Level (page 21) for instructions and the oil
specification.
14
Product Overview
4
Connecting the Battery
No Parts Required
Procedure
1. Remove the battery cover from the battery box (Figure
4).
Figure 5
1. Motion/steering control
5. Hopper
2. Engine/spreader–sprayer
controls
3. Spray wand
6. Impeller
7. Sprayer nozzles
4. Hopper cover
Figure 4
1. Battery box
5. Battery cover
2. Battery support
6. Negative terminal
3. Buckle
4. Battery strap
7. Positive terminal
2. Install the negative battery cable to the negative (-)
battery terminal with a flanged bolt and flanged nut
(Figure 4).
Figure 6
3. Install the cover on the battery box and secure the
cover and box to the battery tray with the battery strap
(Figure 4).
15
1. Cap (fuel tank)
3. Cap (sprayer tank)
2. Battery
4. Platform
Controls
Machine Controls
Steering Control
The steering control is located behind the control console
(see Figure 7).
• Move the steering control to the right or left to steer the
machine to the right or left respectively.
• Moving the steering control to the center allows the
machine to steer straight.
Figure 8
1. Throttle
3. Ignition switch
2. Choke
4. Hour meter
Choke Control
The choke control is located at the left side of the control
console, and is used to aid in starting a cold engine.(Figure 8).
Note: Do not start or run a warm engine with the choke in
the On position.
Figure 7
1. Steering control
5. Control console
2. Rear reference bar
3. Motion control lever
(Neutral position)
6. Forward
7. Reverse
• Pull up on the choke control to set the choke to the On
position.
• Push down on the choke control to set the choke to the
Off position.
4. Front reference bar
Ignition Switch
The ignition switch is located at the left side of the control
console (Figure 8).
Motion Control Lever
Use the ignition switch to start and stop the engine. The
ignition switch has three positions, Off, On and Start.
The motion control lever, located in the center of the steering
control, controls the forward and reverse motion of the
machine (see Figure 7).
• Move the motion control lever forward or backward to
drive the machine respectively.
•
Note: You must have the parking brake set in order to start
the engine.
Hour Meter
Note: The machine speed is proportional to the amount
that you move the motion control lever.
When you move the motion control lever to the center
position, the machine should stop.
The hour meter is located above the ignition switch at the left
side of the control console (Figure 8).
The hour meter records the number of hours that the
machine has operated.
Note: When you release the motion control lever, it
should return to the Neutral position.
Important: If the motion control lever does not
return to the Neutral position when you release it,
contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Throttle Control
The throttle control (the red lever) is located at the left side of
the control console (Figure 8).
16
Fuel Shut-Off Valve
transporting the machine, set the parking brake and bind the
machine to the transport vehicle.
The fuel shutoff valve is located at the front right side of the
engine below the fuel tank (Figure 9).
Drive Wheel Release Lever
Note: Close the fuel shut-off valve when the machine is not
used for a few days, during transport to and from the job site,
or when parking the machine inside a building.
The drive wheel release lever is located above the platform at
the left side (Figure 10).
Use the drive wheel release lever to disengage the hydrostatic
drive system to allow the machine to be moved by hand
without the engine running.
• To push or pull the machine, move the drive wheel release
lever up.
• To operate the machine, move the drive wheel release
lever down.
Spreader Controls
Deflector Gate Control
The deflector gate control is located to the right of the hour
meter at the control console (Figure 11).
Figure 9
1. Fuel shutoff valve (right side of the engine)
Parking Brake Lever
The parking brake lever is located above the platform at the
right side (Figure 10).
• To set the parking brake, push the parking brake lever
down.
Note: The brake lever engages a parking brake in the
transaxle.
• To release the parking brake, pull the lever up.
Figure 11
1. Deflector gate control
2. Spreader pattern control
3. Wide-distribution
impeller-gate lever
5. Narrow-spreader
distribution flow-rate
knob
6. Impeller On/Off switch
7. Impeller-speed control
4. Narrow-distribution
impeller-gate lever
Use the deflector gate control to temporarily stop the
discharge of granular materials from the left side of the
spreader. Close the deflector gate with the control when it is
not desirable to broadcast granular materials onto sidewalks,
parking lots, or patios.
• Push the knob for the deflector gate control down to close
the gate and temporarily deflect the granular materials.
• Pull the knob up to open the deflector gate for full
broadcasting operation.
Figure 10
1. Drive wheel release lever
2. Platform
3. Park brake lever
Note: When parking on a steep slope, chock or block
the wheels in addition to setting the parking brake. When
17
Spreader Pattern Control
Impeller On/Off Switch
The spreader pattern control is located to the right of the
deflector gate control at the control console (Figure 11).
The impeller On/Off switch is located below the
impeller-distribution flow-rate knob at the bottom of the
control console (Figure 11).
Use the spreader pattern control to broadcast a heavier
pattern of granular material to the left or right side of the
machine.
Use the impeller On/Off switch to run the electric motor
that drives the impeller.
• To broadcast a heavier pattern to the left, unlock the
• Press the impeller On/Off switch up to run the impeller.
spreader pattern control, pull the control up slightly, and
lock the control.
• Press the impeller On/Off switch down to stop the
impeller.
• To broadcast a heavier pattern to the right, unlock the
spreader pattern control, push the control down slightly,
and lock the control.
Impeller-speed Control
The impeller-speed control is located to the right of the
impeller On/Off switch at the bottom of the control console
(Figure 11).
Wide-distribution Impeller Gate Lever
The wide-distribution impeller gate lever is the 4th lever
located at the top center of the control console (Figure 11).
Use the impeller-speed control to adjust the rotational speed
of the impeller.
• To broadcast a wide pattern of granular material, pull the
• Rotate the impeller-speed control counterclockwise to
wide-distribution impeller gate lever rearward fully to the
full Open position.
decrease the rotational speed of the impeller.
• Rotate the impeller-speed control clockwise to increase
• To close the impeller gate, push the wide-distribution
the impeller speed.
impeller gate lever forward fully to the Closed position.
Narrow-distribution Impeller Gate Lever
Drop-rate Cam and Linkage
The narrow-distribution impeller gate lever is the 5th lever
located at the top center of the control console (Figure 11).
The drop-rate cam and linkage is located at the front of the
machine and below the hopper for the spreader (Figure 12).
• To broadcast a narrow pattern of granular material, pull
the narrow-distribution impeller gate lever rearward fully
to the limited Open position.
• To close the impeller gate, push the wide-distribution
impeller gate lever forward fully.
Note: Only the wide-distribution impeller-gate lever will
close the impeller gate. Pushing the wide-distribution
impeller-gate lever forward will also reset the
narrow-distribution impeller-gate lever to the forward
position.
Narrow-Spreader Distribution Flow-Rate Knob
Figure 12
1. Slot–maximum position
(drop-rate cam)
The narrow-spreader distribution flow-rate knob is located
below the wide and narrow impeller gate levers (Figure 11).
Use the narrow-spreader distribution flow-rate knob to
control the discharge rate of granular material from the hopper
onto the impeller when the narrow narrow-distribution
impeller gate lever is in the Open position (limited).
2. Linkage
Use the drop-rate cam to set the maximum amount of
material to be dispensed through the impeller gate and onto
the impeller.
• Rotate the narrow-spreader distribution flow-rate knob
The slot in the cam, after setting 9 on the cam, allows the
impeller gate to be opened to the maximum position. This
setting can be used for dry sand, ice melt, or other materials
that are difficult to spread.
clockwise to decrease the discharge rate of granular
material from the hopper.
• Rotate the distribution flow rate knob counterclockwise
to increase the discharge rate of granular material from
the hopper.
Note: Use cam setting 9 may when cleaning out the hopper.
18
Sprayer Controls
Narrow Spray Pattern Lever
The narrow spray pattern lever is the second lever, located at
the top center of the control console, to the right of the tank
agitation lever (Figure 13).
• Pull the narrow spray pattern lever toward you to turn on
the sprayer in a narrow spray pattern (the center nozzle
only).
• Push the narrow spray pattern lever away from you to
turn off the sprayer.
Wide Spray Pattern Lever
The wide spray pattern lever is the third lever, located at the
top center of the control console, to the right of the narrow
spray control lever (Figure 13).
• Pull the wide spray pattern lever toward you to turn on the
sprayer in a wide spray pattern (the right and left nozzles).
Figure 13
1. Sprayer pressure control
5. Sprayer wand
2. Tank agitation lever
6. Sprayer pressure gauge
• Push the wide spray pattern lever away from you to turn
off the sprayer.
3. Narrow spray pattern lever 7. Sprayer pump switch
4. Wide spray pattern lever
Sprayer Pressure Gauge
8. Sprayer wand pressure
control
The sprayer pressure gauge is located to the left of the sprayer
pump switch at the control console (Figure 13).
Use the pressure gauge to see the fluid pressure in the sprayer
system.
Sprayer Pressure Control
The sprayer pressure control is located to the left of the spray
pressure gauge (Figure 13).
Sprayer Pump Switch
• Rotate the sprayer pressure control clockwise to increase
The sprayer pump switch is located to the left of the impeller
On/Off switch (Figure 13).
pressure to the sprayer nozzles
• Rotate the pressure control counterclockwise to decrease
nozzle pressure.
Use the sprayer pump switch to start and stop the pump
when spraying or circulating the fluid in the sprayer tank.
Tank Agitation Lever
• Push down on the top of the sprayer pump switch to
start the pump.
The tank agitation lever is the left most lever located at the
top center of the control console (Figure 13).
• Push down on the bottom of the switch to stop the pump.
Setting the tank agitation lever to the On position allows the
sprayer pump to circulate the content in the spray tank in
order to keep the chemical solution mixed.
Spray Wand Trigger and Trigger Lock
The spray wand trigger and trigger lock are located on the top
side of the spray wand handle (Figure 13 and Figure 14).
• Pull the tank agitation lever rearward to circulate the
• To use the spray wand, hold the handle of the wand
content in the spray tank.
squeeze the trigger.
• Push the lever forward to stop to circulating the content
• To lock the trigger to the On position, Fully squeeze the
in the spray tank.
trigger against the handle of the spray gun and then rotate
the trigger lock forward with your thumb; to unlock the
trigger lock, rotate the lock toward you.
Note: Agitation is not meant to be used while spraying.
Shut off the tank agitation lever to ensure proper spray
distribution.
• Release the trigger to stop spraying with the wand.
Note: Run the engine speed above idle and run the sprayer
pump for the tank agitation to work effectively.
19
Figure 14
1. Trigger
3. Spray wand handle
2. Trigger lock
Tank Drain Valve
Figure 16
The tank drain valve is located at the left side and under the
sprayer tank (Figure 16).
1. Sprayer tank
3. Handle (open position)
2. Sprayer pump supply
valve
Use the tank drain valve to empty the sprayer tank of liquid
chemicals.
• Rotate the handle of the tank drain valve 90° clockwise
(lever in-line with valve) to open the valve.
• Rotate the handle 90° counterclockwise to close the valve.
Specifications
Overall width
90 cm (35.5
inches)
Overall length
171 cm (67.5
inches)
Overall height
131 cm (51.5
inches)
Weight
Figure 15
1. Handle (open position)
3. Sprayer tank
2. Tank drain valve
• Rotate the handle of the tank drain valve 90° clockwise
(lever in-line with valve) to open the valve.
• Rotate the handle 90° counterclockwise to close the valve.
Maximum
machine weight
Sprayer Pump Supply Valve
The sprayer pump supply valve is located at the right side of
the machine and under the sprayer tank (Figure 16).
Use the sprayer pump supply valve to shut off the flow of
liquid chemicals to the pump.
227 kg (500 lb)
only hopper full
307 kg (676 lb)
only sprayer tank
full
309 kg (682 lb)
sprayer tank and
hopper empty and
1 extra bag of
granular material
in the tank
412 kg (909 lb)
loaded machine +
operator
≤ 513 kg (1130 lb)
Hopper capacity
79 kg (175 lb)
Sprayer tank
capacity
76 L (20 US
gallon)
Maximum ground
speed
20
sprayer tank and
hopper empty
forward
9 kph (5.5 mph)
Operation
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine
from the normal operating position.
Checking the Engine-Oil Level
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SJ or higher)
Oil viscosity: Refer to the table below.
Figure 18
1. Dipstick
3. Minimum oil level
2. Maximum oil level
5. Insert the dipstick from the engine as shown in Figure
18.
Figure 17
Note: Do not thread the dipstick into the filler neck
when checking the engine oil level.
Important: Do not operate the engine with the oil level
below the Low (or Add) mark on the dipstick, or over
the Full mark.
6. Remove the dipstick from the filler neck and look at
the oil level in the dipstick (Figure 18).
1. Move the machine to a level surface.
Note: The engine oil level must cover between the
hatch marked areas on the dipstick (Figure 18).
2. Stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving
parts to stop before leaving the operating position
7. If the oil level is low, wipe off the area around the
filler neck and add the specified oil until the oil level is
between the hatch marked areas on the dipstick.
3. Allow the engine to cool.
4. Remove the dipstick from the engine and wipe the
dipstick with a clean rag (Figure 18).
Note: Do not overfill the engine with oil.
8. Insert the dipstick into the filler neck and tighten the
dipstick hand tight (Figure 18).
21
Adding Fuel
DANGER
In certain conditions during fueling, static
electricity can be released causing a spark which
can ignite the gasoline vapors. A fire or explosion
from gasoline can burn you and others and can
damage property.
• Always place gasoline containers on the ground
away from your vehicle before filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle or
on a truck or trailer bed because interior carpets
or plastic truck bed liners may insulate the
container and slow the loss of any static charge.
• When practical, remove gas-powered equipment
from the truck or trailer and refuel the equipment
with its wheels on the ground.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser
nozzle.
• If a gasoline dispenser nozzle must be used,
keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the
fuel tank or container opening at all times until
fueling is complete.
Fuel tank capacity: 6.1 L (1.6 US gallons)
• For best results, use only clean, fresh (less than 30 days
old), unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 or
higher ((R+M)/2 rating method).
• ETHANOL: Gasoline with up to 10% ethanol (gasohol)
or 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) by volume
is acceptable. Ethanol and MTBE are not the same.
Gasoline with 15% ethanol (E15) by volume is not
approved for use. Never use gasoline that contains more
than 10% ethanol by volume, such as E15 (contains 15%
ethanol), E20 (contains 20% ethanol), or E85 (contains
up to 85% ethanol ). Using unapproved gasoline may
cause performance problems and/or engine damage
which may not be covered under warranty.
• Do not use gasoline containing methanol.
• Do not store fuel either in the fuel tank or fuel containers
over the winter unless a fuel stabilizer is used.
• Do not add oil to gasoline
DANGER
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or explosion
from gasoline can burn you and others and can
damage property.
WARNING
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area, and
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any gasoline
that spills.
Gasoline is harmful or fatal if swallowed. Long-term
exposure to vapors can cause serious injury and
illness.
• Avoid prolonged breathing of vapors.
• Keep face away from nozzle and gas tank or
conditioner bottle opening.
• Avoid contact with skin; wash off spillage with
soap and water.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add
gasoline to the fuel tank until the level is 6 to 13
mm (1/4 to 1/2 inch) below the bottom of the
filler neck. This empty space in the tank allows
the gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where a spark may
ignite the gasoline fumes.
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to provide
the following benefits:
• Keeps gasoline fresh during storage of 90 days or less.
For longer storage it is recommended that the fuel tank
be drained.
• Cleans the engine while it runs
• Eliminates gum-like varnish buildup in the fuel system,
which causes hard starting
• Store gasoline in an approved fuel container and
keep it out of the reach of children.
• Never buy more than a 30-day supply of
gasoline.
Important: Do not use fuel additives containing
methanol or ethanol.
Add the correct amount of gas stabilizer/conditioner to
the gas.
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective
when mixed with fresh gasoline. To minimize the chance
22
Testing the Starter Interlock
of varnish deposits in the fuel system, use fuel stabilizer
at all times.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Move the machine to a level surface.
Fueling the Machine
2. Chock the wheels of the machine.
Note: Refueling the engine is difficult when using a larger
refueling container such as a container with a 19 L (5 US
gal) capacity.
To make fueling the machine easier use the following
equipment:
3. Disconnect the spark plug wires.
4. Release the parking brake.
5. With the motion control lever in the neutral position
turn the key to the start position.
• a fuel container with approximately a 4 to 8 L (1 to 2 US
Note: The starter must not rotate the engine.
gal) capacity
• If the starter rotates the engine of your
• a funnel
machine—the machine does not pass this test,
do not operate it. Contact your authorized Toro
service distributor.
1. Clean around the fuel tank cap.
2. Remove the cap from the tank.
• If the starter does not rotate the engine—the
3. Fill the fuel tank with unleaded gasoline to within 6 to
13 mm (1/4 to 1/2 inch) from the top of the tank. Do
not fill into the filler neck.
machine does pass the test: Set the parking brake,
connect the sparkplug wire to the spark plug, and
remove the chock(s) from the wheels.
Important: Do not fill the tank more than 6 mm
(1/4 inch) from the top of the tank because the
gasoline must have room to expand.
Checking the Machine for
Loose Hardware
4. Install the fuel tank cap and wipe up any spilled
gasoline.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, remove
key, and set parking brake.
Checking the Safety Interlock
System
2. Visually inspect machine for damaged or worn parts,
and check for loose hardware.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Note: Replace any damaged parts and tighten all loose
hardware before operating the machine.
CAUTION
If interlock switch is disconnected or damaged
the machine could operate unexpectedly causing
personal injury.
• Do not tamper with the interlock switch.
• Check the operation of the interlock switch daily
and replace damaged switch before operating
the machine.
Important: It is essential that the safety mechanisms
on your machine are connected and in proper operating
condition prior to operating your machine.
The safety interlock system is designed to prevent the engine
from starting unless the parking brake is set.
23
Operating the Machine
Opening and Closing the Fuel Shut-off
Valve
Extending and Retracting the
Operator’s Platform
Control fuel flow to the engine with the fuel shutoff valve
as follows:
• Rotate the handle for the fuel-shutoff valve 90 degrees
clockwise to the open the valve.
• Rotate fuel-shutoff valve handle 90 degrees
counterclockwise to close the valve.
Extending the Operator’s Platform
Extend the platform as follows:
1. Pull inward the knob for the platform lock until the pin
of the lock clears the upper hole in the chassis (Figure
19).
Figure 20
1. Fuel tank
Figure 19
1. Knob (platform lock)
3. Fuel-shutoff valve (closed
position)
2. Fuel-shutoff valve (open
position)
3. Lower chassis hole
2. Operator’s platform
Starting the Engine
2. Rotate the operator’s platform down until the pin of
the platform lock is aligned with the lower hole in the
chassis (Figure 19).
3. Move the knob for the platform lock outward until the
pin for the lock is protruding through the lower hole
(Figure 19).
1. Ensure that the fuel-shutoff valve is open; refer to
Opening and Closing the Fuel Shut-off Valve (page 24).
2. Move the steering control/motion-control lever in
Neutral position and set the parking brake; refer to
Steering Control (page 16), Motion Control Lever
(page 16), and Parking Brake Lever (page 17).
Retracting the Operator’s Platform
Note: To start the engine, the parking brake must be
set. (The operator can start the engine while he or she
is off the platform.)
3. Move the throttle lever midway between the Slow and
Fast positions; refer to Throttle Control (page 16).
4. If the engine is cold, pull up the choke control to the
On position; refer to Choke Control (page 16).
1. Pull inward the knob for the platform lock until the pin
of the lock clears the upper hole in the chassis (Figure
19).
2. Rotate the operator’s platform up until the pin of the
platform lock is aligned with the upper hole in the
chassis (Figure 19).
3. Move the knob for the platform lock outward until the
pin for the lock is protruding through the upper hole
(Figure 19).
Note: If the engine is warm , push down the choke
lever to the Off position.
24
Driving the Machine
5. Rotate the ignition switch to the Start position; refer to
Ignition Switch (page 16).
CAUTION
Note: Release the switch as soon as the engine starts.
Machine can turn rapidly by moving the steering
control to the far right or left. Operator may lose
control of the machine, which may cause damage
to the machine or injury.
• Use caution when making turns.
• Slow down the machine before making sharp
turns.
Important: Do not crank the engine continuously
for more than ten seconds at a time. If the engine
does not start, allow a 60 second cool-down period
between starting attempts. Failure to follow these
guidelines can burn out the starter motor
6. If the choke control is in the On position, gradually
move the lever down, toward the Off position as the
engine warms up.
Important: If the motion control lever does not return
to the Neutral position when you release it, contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
Stopping the Engine
1. Move the steering control/motion-control lever to the
Neutral position and bring the machine to a full stop;
refer to Steering Control (page 16) and Motion Control
Lever (page 16).
Important: To begin moving the machine (forward or
backward), the brake lever must be released (pulled up)
before you move the motion control lever.
2. Place the throttle in the midway between the Slow and
Fast positions; refer to Throttle Control (page 16).
Driving the Machine Forward
3. Allow the engine to run for a minimum of 15 seconds,
then turn the ignition switch to the Off position to
stop the engine; refer to Ignition Switch (page 16).
2. Release the parking brake.
1. Move the motion control lever to the Neutral position.
3. To drive the machine, perform the following:
• To move the machine forward in a straight line,
center the steering control and move the motion
control lever forward.
Note: You must have the parking brake in the released
position to shut off the engine.
4. Set the parking brake; refer to Parking Brake Lever
(page 17).
Note: The machine will move faster the farther
the motion control lever is moved from the Neutral
position.
5. Remove the key to prevent children or other
unauthorized persons from starting the engine.
6. Close the fuel shut-off valve when the machine will
not be in use for a few days, when transporting, or
when the machine is parked inside a building; refer to
Opening and Closing the Fuel Shut-off Valve (page 24).
Figure 21
• To turn left or right, move the steering control
•
25
toward the desired turn direction.
To stop the machine, move the motion control
lever in the Neutral position.
Operating the Spreader
Note: Stopping distance may vary depending on
the spreader-sprayer load.
CAUTION
Note: When you release the motion control lever,
it automatically returns to the Neutral position.
Chemicals are hazardous and can cause personal
injury.
Driving the Machine in Reverse
• Read the chemical manufacture’s directions
on the label before handling the chemicals;
follow all manufacturer recommendations and
precautions.
1. Move the motion control lever to the neutral position.
2. To move the machine rearward in a straight line, slowly
move the motion control lever rearward.
• Keep chemicals away from your skin. Should
contact occur, wash the affected area thoroughly
with soap and clean water.
• Wear goggles, gloves, and any other protective
equipment recommended by the chemical
manufacturer.
Use the spreader to disperses free-flowing granular substances
such as grass seed, fertilizer, ice melt, etc. When you use the
spreader, first fill the granular hopper, then apply the granular
materials to the work site, and finally clean the hopper. It
is important to complete all three of these steps to avoid
damaging the spreader.
Figure 22
Note: When you use your spreader, thoroughly clean it at
the end of the day.
To turn left or right, move the steering control toward
the desired turn direction.
Before Operating the Spreader
3. To stop the machine, move the motion control lever to
the Neutral position.
Before you start using the spreader, make sure the spreader
has been calibrated for the material that you will disperse;
refer to Calibrating the Spreader (page 27).
Note: Stopping distance may vary depending on the
spreader-sprayer load.
Important: Verify that the proper application rate has
been set on the spreader prior to filling the hopper.
26
Calibrating the Spreader
Place six additional pans, on each side, with no gap
in between each pan (Figure 24).
Calibrate the spreader each time a new material is used. The
spreader can broadcast material in a pattern 1.5 to 6.7 m
(5 to 22 ft) wide depending on the material particle size,
volume/density, and rate of travel, and wind.
Refer to the spreading charts along with Determining
the Distribution Pattern, Determining the Effective
Spreading Width, and Calculating the Application Rate
sections to calibrate the machine.
Determining the Distribution Pattern
Operator supplied equipment: 15 shallow collection pans
and 15 graduated measuring cylinders
The most accurate method to measure the distribution is
to use shallow collection pans and graduated measuring
cylinders. In the example below, 15 shallow collection pans
approximately 30 cm (12 inches) wide, 91 cm (36 inches)
long, and 5 cm (2 inches) tall are used.
Figure 24
Pan spacing for small granule materials
1. Allow ample driving distance before the area where the
collection pans are located to ensure that the machine
is traveling at the desired speed (for spreading) before
the machine reaches the collection pans.
2. Place one pan in the center of the drive path. Arrange
the next two pans, one on each side, far enough apart to
allow adequate room for the drive tires of the machine
to pass around the center pan.
1. Spreader moving towards
pans
4. Right collection pans (no
gap between each)
2. Center collection pan
5. L1 and R1 collection pan
gap (spread apart to allow
machine to pass through)
3. Lest collection pans (no
gap between each)
6. Graduated measuring
cylinder
4. Set the drop rate cam to the recommended application
rate; refer to Spreading Charts (page 31) to determine
the appropriate drop-rate cam setting.
3. Place the remaining pans in a straight line as shown
in Figure 23 or Figure 24.
• For larger granule materials:
5. Fill the hopper approximately half-full with the desired
material; refer to Filling the Spreader Hopper (page 28).
Space six additional pans, on each side, 12 inches
(30 cm) apart (Figure 23).
6. Set the spreader pattern control to the middle of its
travel; refer to Adjusting the Spreader Pattern (page 32).
7. Set the impeller speed to the appropriate broadcasting
rate.
8. Pull the wide distribution granular gate control to the
open position and drive the spreader, at the appropriate
speed, over the center pan.
Note: Repeat broadcasting over the test site several
times, moving in the same direction each time, until
enough material is dispensed to the collection pan to
fill a graduated cylinder 1/2–full
9. Label each graduated measuring cylinder to correspond
with the distribution pans (i.e. ...L2, L1, Center, R1,
R2....); refer to Figure 23 and Figure 24.
Figure 23
Pan spacing for larger granule materials
1. Spreader moving towards
pans
4. L1 and R1 collection pan
gap (spread apart to allow
machine to pass through)
2. Center pan
5. 30 cm (12 inch) gap
3. Collection pans (gap
between each)
6. Graduated measuring
cylinder
10. One at a time, take a collection pan and dump the
contents into the corresponding graduated cylinder.
Record the amount of material collected and return the
pan to its location. Repeat this until all pan contents
have been emptied.
11. With the graduated measuring cylinder in the same
straight line as the pans, evaluate the volume of
material in each cylinder to determine the quality of the
distribution from the spreader.
• For small granule materials:
27
12. To adjust the spreader pattern, refer to the Adjusting
the Spreader Pattern (page 32).
4. Add material to the hopper (for example, add 11.3 kg
(25 lb) add of material).
13. Repeat steps 5 through 12 until an uniform pattern is
achieved.
5. Drive the spreader over the calibration course while
applying the material.
6. Empty the remaining material of the hopper into a
clean bucket; refer to Emptying the Hopper (page 29).
Determining the Effective Spreading Width
The effective width is used to determine the uniform
distribution of the material.
1. After the spreader pattern is correctly adjusted,
evaluate the amount of material in the center graduated
measuring cylinder.
7. Weigh the bucket containing the material and record
the weight. Pour the contents back into the hopper
and then weigh the empty bucket. Subtract these
two amounts to determine the amount of material
remaining in the hopper—for example, 9 kg (20 lb) of
material is remained in the hopper after applying the
material to the test course.
2. Locate the two tubes, one each side of center, that
contain 1/2 the measured amount of the material that
you observed in the center graduated cylinder.
8. Subtract the amount remaining in the hopper (step 7)
from the amount originally added (step 4); the result is
the amount applied to the course.
Note: The spreading width range is 6 to 8 m (20 to 25 ft).
3. Go to the two corresponding pans. Starting from the
outer edge, measure and record the distance between
left pan, through the center pan, to the outer edge of
the right pan.
Amount Applied
11.3 kg (25 lb) – 9 kg (20 lb)
9. If necessary, adjust the drop-rate cam to achieve the
recommended application rate. Once the correct
application rate is achieved, repeat this procedure an
additional time to verify your results.
Calculating the Application Rate
1. Determine the area and amount of material that you
are applying to the job site.
Important: Designate a new calibration course
each time, so the turf is not damaged by excessive
application of material.
2. Determine the calibration course length as follows:
A. Initially, use the recommended rate indicated in
the Spreading Charts (page 31) section or the
rate recommended on the product manufacturer’s
label as a guide to help determine the amount
of material that you would spread over a 93 m2
(1,000 ft2) area.
Using the Spreader
Filling the Spreader Hopper
Determine a course length by dividing 93 m2
(1,000 ft2) by the effective spread width.
Maximum hopper weight capacity: 79 kg (175 lb)
1. Drive the machine to the work site.
Note: For example, if the effective width is 1.8
meters (6 feet), then the calibration course length
equals 51 m (167 ft).
2. Move the machine to a level surface, move motion
control lever to the Neutral position, stop the engine,
and set the parking brake.
Course Length
93
m2(1,000
ft2)
1.8 m (6 ft)
3. Ensure that the wide-distribution impeller-gate lever
is in the fully forward (closed) position; refer to
Wide-distribution Impeller Gate Lever (page 18).
= 51 m (167 ft)
C.
The calibration course is 1.8 m (6 ft) by 51m (167
ft).
D.
Measure and visibly mark the course length.
Make sure that you allow enough distance before
the starting marker so that the spreader moving
forward at full speed when crossing the first mark
of the course.
2.3 kg (5 lb)
For this example, 2.3 kg (5 lb) of material was applied
to the 93 m2 (1,000 ft2) test course.
Note: This measurement is the effective spreading
width.
B.
=
4. Use the Spreading Charts (page 31) to determine the
setting for the drop-rate cam (Figure 25).
Note: If the setting is not listed for the type of
material that you are using, set the cam to the setting
with a lower value then adjust as needed.
3. Set the appropriate drop-rate cam setting; refer to the
Spreading Charts (page 31) as a starting point.
28
Figure 26
1. Forward cover
2. Clip nut
3. Thumb screw
4. Remove the drive pin that secure the impeller to the
shaft of the impeller motor and remove the impeller
from the shaft (Figure 27 and Figure 28).
Figure 25
1. Cover
3. Drop-rate cam
2. Hopper
5. Remove the cover from the hopper, add the material
to be spread, and install the cover onto the hopper
(Figure 25).
Note: Do not overload the hopper; the maximum
weight capacity of the hopper is 175 lb (79 kg).
Note: One extra bag of granular product may be
placed on top of the sprayer tank; however, this is not
recommended if the operator is heavy.
Emptying the Hopper
Figure 27
1. Move the machine to a level surface, move motion
control lever to the Neutral position, stop the engine,
and set the parking brake.
1. Drive pin (impeller)
2. Shaft (impeller motor)
2. Empty the hopper by scooping out as much of the
material as possible.
3. Remove the 4 thumb screws that secure the front cover
(below the is below the impeller) to the chassis and
remove the cover (Figure 26).
29
3. Impeller
Figure 28
5. Place a shallow pan under the shaft of the impeller
motor (Figure 28).
6. Open the hopper gate as follows:
A. Push the locking sleeve for the gate cable rearward
and lift the cable up from the ball stud of the rate
gate linkage (Figure 29).
Figure 29
1. Locking sleeve
4. Drop-rate cam
2. Gate cable
5. Linkage
3. Ball stud
B.
Pull the cable off the ball stud (Figure 29).
C.
Rotate the drop-rate cam past the position 9 so
that the slot in the cam is aligned with the linkage
(Figure 29).
D.
Fully push the linkage rearward (Figure 29).
7. Allow the remaining material in the hopper to pour
into the shallow pan and then remove the pan.
8. Connect the hopper gate cable as follows:
A. Pull the linkage out until it clears the drop-rate
cam (Figure 29).
B.
Move the wide-distribution impeller-gate lever
forward.
C.
Attaching the cable to the ball stud at the gate
lever(Figure 29).
9. Assemble impeller onto the impeller shaft and secure
the impeller with the drive pin.
10. Align the holes in the front cover with the clip nuts
in the chassis and secure the cover with the 4 thumb
nuts that you removed in 3.
30
Spreading Charts
Note: The cam setting tables for pellet material and the grass seed are provided with permission from the Brinly-Hardy
Company; reference the Brinly-Hardy Company website for more information.
These charts are to be used as an approximate guideline only. Other factors, such as weather conditions, spreader operation,
and condition of materials, will affect your results.
Cam Settings for Pellet Material Application
Type
kg per 93 m2 (lb per 1,000 ft2)
Cam Setting — One Pass
Cam Setting — Two Passes
0.5 (1)
3.6
3.1
0.9 (2)
4.0
3.5
1.4 (3)
4.2
3.7
0.9 (2)
3.7
3.2
1.8 (4)
4.7
4.1
2.7 (6)
5.2
4.5
0.9 (2)
3
2.2
1.8 (4)
4.2
3.7
2.7 (6)
4.5
4
0.5 (1)
3.5
3
0.9 (2)
4.2
3.7
1.4 (3)
4.7
4
0.9 (2)
3.5
3
1.8 (4)
4.2
3.8
2.7 (6)
5.2
4.5
0.9 (2)
3.8
3.3
1.8 (4)
4.9
4.1
2.7 (6)
5.9
4.9
Fine Pellets
Mixed Fine Pellets
Small Pellets
Nitrogen Pellets Medium Size
Medium Pellets and Granules
Large Heavy Pellets
The chart below is for reference only. When spraying and spreading at the same time, set the spread pattern to twice the
width of the spray; this will help avoid striping and streaking. For example, standard spray width = 2.7 m (9 ft) and spread
width = 5.4 m (18 ft).
Cam Settings for Grass Seed Application
Type
Bag Weight
Coverage - m2 (ft2)
Cam Setting –
Full Rate
Blue Grass or Red
Top
0.23 kg (0.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
1.25
4
0.45 kg (1 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.0
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.5
4
2.27 kg (.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.5
4
0.45 kg (1 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.0
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.5
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.75
2.25
6
1.36 kg (3 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.0
2.5
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.25
2.75
6
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
6.0
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
Park, Merion,
Delta, or Kentucky
Bluegrass
Hulled Bermuda
Mixtures Including
Coarse Seeds
31
Cam Setting –
Half Rate
Spreader Width
Cam Settings for Grass Seed Application (cont'd.)
Type
Bag Weight
Coverage - m2 (ft2)
Cam Setting –
Full Rate
Rye Grasses or Tall
Fescue
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
6.0
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.75
6
113 kg (4 oz)
93 (1,000)
1.9
8
227 g (8 oz)
93 (1,000)
2.1
8
340 g (12 oz)
93 (1,000)
2.5
8
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
4.5
3.75
7
2.27 kg (.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
4.75
4.0
7
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
5.0
4.25
7
Dichondra
Pensacola Bahia
Cam Setting –
Half Rate
Spreader Width
Adjusting the Spreader Pattern
If the spreader is casting material in a unequal side-to
side—too light/heavy to one side—(see Figure 30 and Figure
31), adjust the spreader pattern control as follows:
Figure 31
Figure 30
1. Heavy to left side
3. Heavy to right side
2. Move ramp pattern to
shaded position
Note: Do not adjust the ramps that split product flow.
Adjust only the front or rear ramp positions.
1. Spreader pattern control
4. Start notch if pattern is
heavy to right side
2. Rotate counterclockwise
to unlock
3. Start notch if pattern is
heavy to left side
5. Rotate clockwise to lock
2. Adjust the spreader pattern as follows:
1. Unlock the spreader pattern control by turning the
handle counterclockwise 90 degrees as shown in 2 of
Figure 31.
• If the material is broadcast too heavy at the left
side of the machine, pull up the spreader pattern
control slightly up; refer to 3 of Figure 31.
• If the material is broadcast too heavy at the right
side of the machine, push down the spreader
pattern control slightly down; refer to 4 of Figure
31.
3. Lock the spreader pattern control by turning the handle
clockwise 90 degrees; refer to 5 of Figure 31.
32
Using the Deflector Gate
Use the deflector gate control to temporarily stop or deflect
granular material away from sidewalks, parking lots, patios, or
anywhere granular chemicals are not desired.
Note: The deflector gate changes the discharged of materials
from the left side of the spreader only.
Push the knob for the deflector gate control down to lower
the deflector and temporarily deflect the granular material.
Pull the knob up to raise the deflector for normal casting of
materials at the left side of the machine..
Figure 32
1. Fence
3. Deflector gate lowered
2. Flowers
33
Spreading Tips
Figure 33
Spreader path example
1. Narrow distribution-side deflector lowered
5. End of spreading job
2. Forward
6. Property fence
3. Effective spreading width—variable 1.5 to 6.7 m (5 to 22 ft)
7. Gate
4. Do not spread when turning 180 degrees
• To ensure uniform application, broadcast the material in
an overlapping pattern as shown in Figure 33. The highest
amount of material will dispense from the front of the
hopper and less material from each side. You can adjust
the distribution pattern to achieve the desired results.
• Watch for changes in the distribution pattern; unequal
distribution may lead to striping.
Note: Make sure that you calibrate the spreader before you
start using the spreader.
1. Start the engine and place the throttle midway between
the Slow and the Fast positions.
Figure 34
2. Set the impeller-speed control to appropriate broadcast
rate and then press the impeller On/Off switch to the
On position (Figure 34).
1. Indicator light
4. Impeller-speed control
2. Impeller On/Off switch
5. Spreader motor and
sprayer motor controller
3. Icon—press and hold the
impeller On/Off button 5
seconds
• To lock the impeller speed control, press and hold
the impeller On/Off switch for 5 seconds (Figure
34).
34
Note: The indicator light above the impeller
On/Off switch will flash at a constant rate.
Note: As long as the impeller speed control is
locked (indicated by the flashing indicator light) the
impeller motor will start and run at the last locked
speed.
• To unlock the impeller speed control, start the
impeller motor and then press and hold press
and hold the On/Off switch for 5 seconds (the
indicator light will illuminate steady).
Figure 36
1. Wide spreader
pattern—variable effective
width to 6.7 m (22 ft)
maximum
2. Narrow spreader
pattern—variable effective
width from 1.5 m (5 ft)
minimum
5. Evaluate the spread pattern.
Note: If adjustments to the spreading pattern are
needed, refer to Calibrating the Spreader (page 27).
Figure 35
1. Deflector gate control
2. Spreader pattern control
3. Wide-distribution
impeller-gate lever
6. When you are finished spreading, close the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever.
5. Narrow-spreader
distribution flow-rate
knob
6. Impeller On/Off switch
Note: Only the wide-distribution impeller-gate
lever will close the impeller gate. Pushing the
wide-distribution impeller-gate lever forward will also
reset the narrow-distribution impeller-gate lever to the
forward position.
7. Impeller-speed control
4. Narrow-distribution
impeller-gate lever
7. Clean the hopper after each spreading session; refer to
Cleaning and Lubricating the Spreader (page 35).
3. Move the throttle to the Fast position and drive the
machine forward.
Important: Always empty and clean the spreader
immediately after each use. Failure to do so may
cause the chemicals to corrode the spreader and
other components.
4. Open the either the narrow or wide impeller-gate lever
to begin spreading (Figure 36).
Note: Use the narrow-spreader distribution flow-rate
knob to control the discharge rate of granular material
from the hopper onto the impeller when the narrow
narrow-distribution impeller gate lever is in the Open
position.
Cleaning and Lubricating the Spreader
Service Interval: After each use
1. Drive the machine to a designated cleaning area with
a level surface.
2. Stop the machine, move the motion control lever in
the Neutral position, shut off the engine, and set the
parking brake.
3. Empty the hopper; refer to steps 2 through 6 in
Emptying the Hopper (page 29).
4. Using a garden hose, spray the inside and outside of
the entire spreader with clean water (Figure 37).
35
Note: Do not use a power washer to clean the
machine. The high pressure water may force residual
corrosive materials into spreader-spreader components.
Note: Tilt the screen at the bottom of the hopper
forward to clean the bottom components of hopper.
Figure 38
Operating the Sprayer
CAUTION
Chemicals are hazardous and can cause personal
injury.
• Read the chemical manufacture’s directions
on the label before handling the chemicals;
follow all manufacturer recommendations and
precautions.
• Keep chemicals away from your skin. Should
contact occur, wash the affected area thoroughly
with soap and clean water.
Figure 37
• Wear goggles, gloves, and any other protective
equipment recommended by the chemical
manufacturer.
5. When the hopper has been thoroughly rinsed and
drained, perform the following:
Use the sprayer to disperse liquid herbicides, pesticides,
fertilizers, and other substances. Before using the sprayer
make sure that you have cleaned the tank, plumbing, and
nozzles before adding any chemicals. When you use the
sprayer, you first fill the spray tank, then apply the chemical
solution to the work site, and then when you are finished
spraying, clean the tank. It is important to complete all three
of these steps to avoid damaging the sprayer. For example,
Do not mix and add chemicals in the spray tank the night
before and then spray in the morning. This could lead to
separation of the chemicals and possible cause damage to
components of the sprayer.
A. Rotate the hopper screen down (Figure 37).
B.
Place the rate gate dial to a setting lower than
the maximum open position and allow the
spreader-sprayer to completely dry.(Figure 29).
C.
Connect the hopper gate cable; refer to step 8 in
Emptying the Hopper (page 29).
6. Apply water-displacing lubricant to the components as
shown in Figure 38.
36
Calibrating the Sprayer
Record your the average course speed here
.
Note: Before you use the sprayer for the first time
or change the nozzles or when the sprayer is out of
adjustment—calibrate the sprayer for ground speed and flow
rate.
Average Course Time Formula
Formula
Note: The left and right sprayer boom nozzles are wide
pattern (white)nozzles and the center nozzle is narrow pattern
(red) nozzle.
3
Example
Note: Refer to the chemical product label for output
recommendations.
The method to calibrate the sprayer flow involves driving a
preset distance, recording the time, and then measuring the
amount of liquid applied during that time.
Note: 1 kph = 16.6 m/minute (1 mph = 88 ft/minute)
Ground Speed Formula
Record your course length here
.
Formula
Example 45.7 m (150 ft) x 60 seconds
Note: Example: the course length equals 45.7 m
(150 ft).
19.7 seconds x 16.6 m/minute
(88 ft/minute)
2. Add clean water into the spray tank 1/2 full; refer to
Filling the Spray Tank (page 41).
= 8.4 kph
(5.2 mph)
Note: Sprayer pressure regulator: 2.8 bar (40 psi).
• The narrow spray pattern (Figure 39) on the machine is
122 cm (48 inches) wide.
4. Use a stop watch to measure the time (in seconds)
that it takes the machine to travel the marked course
(45.7 m (150 ft) in this example) while maintaining the
desired ground speed.
Note: Record your course time in the course time
worksheet.
Course Time Worksheet
Time
seconds
= Speed (mph)
Understanding the Effective Spray Pattern Width
3. Drive the sprayer to an area far enough away from
the course so that the machine will be traveling at the
desired ground speed for spraying before the it reaches
the first marker.
Test 3
Distance traveled
m (ft) x 60 seconds
Time (seconds) x
16.7 m/minute (88 ft/minute)
Note: Allow ample distance ahead of the starting
marker to ensure the machine is at full ground speed
when you cross the first marker of the course.
seconds
19.7 seconds
Record your the average ground speed here
.
1. Measure and visibly mark a course length to use to
calculate your the average ground speed.
Test 2
=
8. Use the ground speed formula below to determine the
average ground speed.
Operator supplied equipment: Stop watch capable of
measuring ± 1/10 second.
seconds
21.6 +
19.1+ 18.4
seconds
= The average time to
drive the course
3
Calculating the Ground Speed
Test 1
time 1 + time
2 + time 3
5. Repeat steps 2 through 4 2-additional times.
6. Stop the sprayer on a level surface, leave the motion
control lever in the neutral position, and shut off the
engine.
7. Average the three test run times (in seconds) using the
average course time formula below:
37
Testing the Sprayer Nozzle Discharge
Operator supplied equipment: Stop watch capable of
measuring ± 1/10 second and a container graduated in 50
ml (1 fl-oz) increments.
Note: Ensure that there is enough clean water in the tank
to complete the calibration.
1. Set the parking brake and turn the engine on.
2. Set the pump/tank agitation switch to the On position.
3. Pull the agitation lever rearward to turn on the tank
agitation.
4. Place the throttle to the Fast position.
5. Push the agitation control lever down to the Off
position.
Note: Shut off the agitation to ensure proper spray
pressure and distribution.
Figure 39
Top view of the narrow pattern spray nozzle
1. Spray width = 122 cm (48
inches)
6. Use the spray pressure control to adjust the pressure
sprayer system to 40 psi (2.8 bar).
4. Spray distance = 36 cm
(14 inches)
Note: The red and white nozzles installed on this unit
have a normal operating pressure of 40 psi (2.8 bar).
2. Nozzle
5. Front of the machine
3. Spray angle = 120 degrees
7. Align the graduated container under each nozzle for
19.7 seconds.
• The wide spray pattern (Figure 40) on this machine is
Note: Record the amount of water collected from
each nozzle in the collection worksheet below.
274 cm (108 inches) wide.
Figure 41
1. Graduated container
Figure 40
Top view of the wide pattern spray nozzles
1. Spray width = 274 cm (108 4. Spray distance = 61 cm
inches)
(24 inches)
2. Nozzle
5. Distance between spray
nozzles = 66 cm (26
inches)
3. Spray angle = 120 degrees 6. Front of the machine
38
2. Personal protective
equipment—chemical
resistant gloves
Collection Worksheet
Left sprayer
nozzle
B.
Record the converted quantity of water
collected for the center nozzle here
.
C.
Record the converted quantity of
water collected for the left nozzle here
.
Right sprayer
nozzle
Center sprayer
nozzle
Test
1
ml (fl-oz)
ml (fl-oz)
ml (fl-oz)
Test
2
ml (fl-oz)
ml (fl-oz)
ml (fl-oz)
Test
3
ml (fl-oz)
ml (fl-oz)
ml (fl-oz)
2. Calculate the flow rate of each nozzle using the flow
rate formula.
3.
8. Repeat test step 7 for each nozzle 2-additional times.
Flow Rate Formula
9. Turn off the pump/tank agitation switch.
10. Calculate the average quantity of water discharged
using the average discharge formula for each nozzle.
Result (X) L (US gallon)
x 60 seconds
Formula
=
(X) L (US
gallon)
=
3.07 L
(0.40 US
gallon) per
minute
19.7 seconds
Average Discharge Formula
Formula
test 1 + test 2
+ test 3
=
3
Example
475 ml (16.05
center
fl oz) + 507 ml
nozzle—narrow (17.15 fl oz) + 504
pattern (red)
ml (17.05 fl oz)
Example center
nozzle—narrow
pattern (red)
The average spray
nozzle discharge in
19.7 seconds
.49 L (0.13 US gallon)
x 60 seconds
19.7 seconds
A. Record the flow rate of water collected for the
right nozzle here
.
=
0.49 L (16.75 fl oz)
3
A. Record the average quantity of water collected
from the right nozzle here
.
B.
Record the average quantity of water
collected from the center nozzle here
.
C.
Record the average quantity of water collected
.
from the left nozzle here
B.
Record the flow rate of water collected for the
.
center nozzle here
C.
Record the flow rate of water collected for the
left nozzle here
.
Note: If the collected nozzle spray does not meet
the quantity in the Nozzle Flow Rate Chart (page
39), check the nozzles, hoses, and fittings for leaks or
damage; clean or replace if needed.
Nozzle Flow Rate Chart
The following chart is based on the nozzle capacity
information chart provided with permission from TeeJet®
Technologies. Use the chart below or reference the TeeJet®
Technologies website to determine if the flow rate of the
sprayer nozzle is within the specified flow rate (+/– 10%).
Converting the Time and Collection Results to Flow
Rate
1. Convert the milliliters (fluid ounce) quantities that you
calculated in step 10 of Testing the Sprayer Nozzle
Discharge (page 38) to liters (gallons) using the quantity
conversion formula.
Note: The chart information below is based on the machine
spraying water spraying at 70°F (21°C).
Note: 1 US gallon = 128 fl-oz
Center Nozzle—Narrow Pattern (red)
Quantity Conversion Formula
Pressure
Formula
Result (X) ml (fl-oz)
=
.1 L (128 fl-oz)
Example
center
nozzle—narrow
pattern (red)
(X) L (US gallon)
0.7 bar
(10 psi)
769
ml (26
fl-oz)
/min
0.76 L (0.20
US gallon)
/min
1.4 bar
(20 psi)
1065
ml (36
fl-oz)
/min
1.06 L (0.28
US gallon)
/min
490 ml (16.75 fl oz)
.1 L (128 fl-oz)
=
0.49 L (0.13 US
gallon)
A. Record the converted quantity of water
collected for the right nozzle here
.
39
Flow Rate—New
Flow Rate—In Service
Nozzle
0.68 to 0.75 L (0.18
to 0.22 US gallon)
/min
0.95 to 1.17 L (0.25
to 0.31 US gallon)
/min
Center Nozzle—Narrow Pattern (red)
(cont'd.)
2.99 Lpm x 2 x 6
1.563 L/100 m2(1.5
= qt/1,000 ft2)
8.369 kph x 2.743 m
2.1 bar
(30 psi)
2.8 bar
(40 psi)
1331
ml (45
fl-oz)
/min
1.32 L (0.35
US gallon)
/min
1508
ml (51
fl-oz)
/min
1.51 L (0.40
US gallon)
/min
Liter per Hectar Application Rate
1.19 to 1.45 L (0.32
to 0.39 US gallon)
/min
Single nozzle capacity (Lpm) x Number
of nozzles x 600
2.99 Lpm x 2 x 600
Left and Right Nozzles—Wide Pattern (white)
Pressure
Flow Rate—New
1508
ml (51
fl-oz)
/min
1.51 L (0.40
US gallon)
/min
1.4 bar
(20 psi)
2159
ml (73
fl-oz)
/min
2.16 L (0.57
US gallon)
/min
1.94 to 2.38 L (0.51
to 0.63 US gallon)
/min
2.1 bar
(30 psi)
2602
ml (88
fl-oz)
/min
2.61 L (0.69
US gallon)
/min
2.35 to 2.87 L (0.62
to 0.76 US gallon)
/min
3017
ml
(102
fl-oz)
/min
3.03 L (0.80
US gallon)
/min
2.73 to 3.33 L (0.72
to 0.88 US gallon)
/min
2.8 bar
(40 psi)
= 156 L/hectar(16.7 gal/acre)
8.369 kph x 2.743 m
Flow Rate—In Service
Nozzle
0.7 bar
(10 psi)
hectar
Speed (kph) x Spray width (m)
1.36 to 1.66 L (0.36
to 0.44 US gallon)
/min
L
=
Note: The numbers 544; 136; and 5,940 are constants used
in the formulas shown below.
1.36 to 1.66 L (0.36
to 0.44 US gallon)
/min
Quart per 1,000 ft2 Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 544
1,000 ft2
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
0.79 gpm x 2 x 544
5.2 mph x 108 inches
qt
=
2
= 1.5 qt/1,000 ft 2
(1.5 L/100 macre )
Gallon per 1,000 ft 2 Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (GPM) x Number
of nozzles x 136
Determining Application Rate
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
Use the example results of the calculated speed, spray width,
and nozzle capacity to determine the application rate.
0.79 gpm x 2 x 136
Note: The application rate may also be determined by
using the Nozzle Flow Rate Chart (page 39), along with the
chemical manufacturer’s label of recommendation.
5.2 mph x 108 inches
gal
=
1,000 ft2
ft2
= 0.38 gal/1,000
(1.5 L/100 m2)
The examples below are based on the following information:
Gallon per Acre Application Rate
• Average ground speed = 8.4 kph (5.2 mph)
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 5,940
• Spray width = 2.7 m (108 inches)
• Number of nozzles = 2
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
• Nozzle capacity = 3.0 L/min (.79 gpm)
0.79 gpm x 2 x 5,940
Note: The numbers 6 and 600 are constants used in the
formulas shown below.
5.2 mph x 108 inches
Liter per 100 m2 Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (Lpm) x Number
of nozzles x 6
Speed (kph) x Spray width (m)
=
L
100 m2
40
= 16.7 gal/acre
(156.1 L/ha)
=
gal
acre
Using the Sprayer
Before Operating the Sprayer
Some chemicals are more aggressive than others and each
chemical interacts differently with various materials. Some
consistencies of sprayer chemicals (e.g. wettable powders,
charcoal) are more abrasive and lead to higher wear rates. If
a chemical is available in a formulation that would provide
increased life to the sprayer, use this alternative formulation.
Make sure the sprayer is calibrated before you start using the
machine; refer to Calibrating the Sprayer (page 37).
Filling the Spray Tank
Important: Ensure that the chemicals that you are
using in the sprayer are compatible for use with O-rings
and seals made from fluoroelastomer material (refer to
the chemical manufacturer's label; it should indicate if
it is not compatible). If you use a chemical that is not
compatible with fluoroelastomer material, the O-rings
and seals in the sprayer will degrade and leak.
Figure 42
Important: Before applying chemicals to the job site,
verify that you have set the proper application rate prior
to filling the tank.
1. Cap (sprayer tank)
4. Drain valve
2. Filler neck (sprayer tank)
5. Handle (Off position
shown)
3. Plug
1. Drive the machine to a level surface, move motion
control lever to the neutral position, shut off the
engine, and set the parking brake.
3. Determine the amount of water needed to mix the
amount of chemical needed as specified by the chemical
manufacturer.
2. Ensure that the handle for the drain valve for the tank
rotated 90 degrees counterclockwise to the is closed
position (Figure 42).
4. Open the tank cap on the spray tank (Figure 42).
5. Add 3/4 of the required water to the sprayer tank
through the filler neck.
Important: Always use fresh clean water in the
spray tank. Do not pour chemical concentrate into
an empty tank.
6. Rotate the pump-shutoff valve clockwise to the Open
position (Figure 43).
Figure 43
1. Strainer (sprayer tank)
41
2. Pump-shutoff valve
Note: The drain valve is located at the left side of the
machine.
7. Start the engine and set the throttle midway between
the Slow and Fast positions.
8. Set the sprayer pump switch to the On position (Figure
44).
Figure 45
1. Handle (drain valve)
Figure 44
1. Sprayer pressure control
4. Wide spray pattern lever
2. Agitation pump lever
5. Sprayer pressure gauge
2. Plug
3. Thread a drain hose (operator provided) into the end
of the drain valve.
4. Put the free end of the drain hose into a container with
enough capacity to hold the remaining content of the
sprayer tank.
3. Narrow spray pattern lever 6. Sprayer
pump/tank-agitation
switch
9. Move the throttle to the Fast position.
Note: Use the quantity marks at the front left side of
the sprayer tank for determine the quantity of chemical
solution in the tank.
5. Rotate the handle for the drain valve clockwise 90° to
drain the tank (Figure 45).
10. Pull rearward on the tank agitation lever to the On
position.
Note: The water in the tank will circulate.
11. Add the specified amount of chemical concentrate to
the tank as directed by the chemical manufacturer.
Note: Allow the sprayer tank to drain completely.
6. Close the tank drain valve, remove the drain hose and
install the drain plug into the valve (Figure 45).
Important: If you are using a wettable powder
chemical, mix the powder with a small amount of
water to form a liquid slurry before adding the
chemical mixture to the tank.
Note: Dispose of the waste sprayer chemicals
according to local codes and the chemical
manufacturer's instructions.
12. Add remaining water to the tank and install cap onto
the filler neck of the tank.
Cleaning the Sprayer Tank
Note: Allow the content of the sprayer tank to
thoroughly mix
Service Interval: After each use
WARNING
Emptying the Sprayer Tank
1. Drive the machine to a level surface at the designated
area for emptying and cleaning the sprayer tank, move
motion control lever to the neutral position, shut off
the engine, and set the parking brake.
Swallowing or inhaling chemicals could cause
serious injury or death.
• Do not clean sprayer nozzles using your mouth
or blowing through the nozzles.
• Replace all worn and damaged sprayer nozzles.
• Make sure that the nozzles are installed correctly.
2. Remove plug from the drain valve for the sprayer tank
(Figure 45).
Important: Always empty and clean the sprayer
immediately after each use. Failure to do so may cause
Operator supplied equipment: Drain hose with a 1/2–14
inch NPT male coupling and a drain container (capacity varies
with remaining sprayer tank content).
42
the chemicals to dry or thicken in the lines, clogging the
pump and other components.
10. Release the trigger for the wand and return it to the
holder on the machine (Figure 8).
Clean the spray system after each spraying session.
11. Move the spray pattern levers forward to the Off
position, set the sprayer pump switch to the Off
position, and shut off the engine (Figure 46).
1. Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying the Sprayer
Tank (page 42).
12. Clean the strainer; refer to Cleaning the Strainer (page
43)
2. Fill the sprayer tank with 19 L (5 US gallons) or more
of clean water and install the cap; refer to Filling the
Spray Tank (page 41).
13. Repeat steps 2 through 12 using cleaners and
neutralizers recommended by the chemical
manufacturers; refer to Filling the Spray Tank (page 41).
3. Start the engine (Figure 46) and ensure that the motion
control lever in neutral position; refer to Starting the
Engine (page 24).
14. Repeat steps 2 through 12 using clean water only.
15. Using a garden hose, wash off the outside of the
sprayer tank with clean water.
Note: Do not use a power washer to clean the
machine. The high pressure water may force residual
corrosive materials into spreader-spreader components.
16. Remove and clean the sprayer nozzles; refer to Cleaning
the Sprayer Nozzle (page 44).
Note: Replace damaged or worn nozzles.
17. Allow the spreader-sprayer to completely dry before
the next use.
Cleaning the Strainer
Service Interval: After each use
Important: If you used wettable powder chemicals,
clean the strainer after each time that you rinse the
sprayer tank.
Figure 46
1. Ignition switch
5. Choke
2. Agitation pump lever
6. Throttle
1. Empty the tank; refer to Emptying the Sprayer Tank
(page 42)
3. Narrow spray pattern lever 7. Sprayer
pump/tank-agitation
switch
4. Wide spray pattern lever
2. Rotate the handle for the sprayer pump supply valve
90° counterclockwise (Figure 47).
4. Set the sprayer pump switch to the On position, and
set the engine throttle to Fast position (Figure 46).
5. Move the tank agitation lever to the On position
(Figure 46).
6. Pull back both narrow and wide spray pattern levers to
the On position (Figure 46).
Note: The sprayer nozzles will to begin spraying.
7. Allow the rinse water in the tank to spray out through
the nozzles.
8. Check that all 3 nozzles are spraying correctly.
9. Remove the sprayer wand from the holder, point the
wand in a safe direction, and squeeze the trigger; refer
to Spray Wand Trigger and Trigger Lock (page 19).
Figure 47
1. Pump-shutoff valve
Note: Allow the rinse water to discharge from the
wand for 1 to 2 minutes.
2. Strainer
3. Align a drain pan under the strainer (Figure 47).
43
Cleaning the Sprayer Nozzle
4. Rotate the strainer bowl counterclockwise and remove
the bowl and screen from the body of the strainer
(Figure 48).
Service Interval: After each use
1. Rotate the nozzle cap 90° counterclockwise and
remove the cap from the nozzle body (Figure 49).
Note: Remove the strainer bowl by hand.
Note: Replace the gasket or screen or both if these
parts are worn or damaged
Figure 49
Figure 48
1. Strainer body
3. Screen
2. Gasket
4. strainer bowl
1. Nozzle body
5. Nozzle cap
2. Strainer
3. Gasket
4. Sprayer tip
6. Atomizer
7. Slot
8. Regulator case
2. Remove the sprayer tip, gasket, and strainer from the
nozzle body (Figure 49).
Note: Replace any worn or damaged nozzle parts.
3. Use a soft-bristle brush and clean water to clean the
nozzle tip, gasket, and strainer.
5. Allow any residual chemical solution to drain from the
strainer body.
4. Assemble the strainer into the nozzle body (Figure 49).
Note: Dispose of the waste solution according to local
codes and the chemical manufacturer's instructions.
5. Assemble the sprayer tip and gasket into the nozzle
cap (Figure 49).
6. Use a soft-bristle brush and clean water to clean the
screen and bowl
6. Install the tip, gasket, and cap onto the nozzle body
(.Figure 49).
7. Install the screen into the strainer body (.Figure 48).
Note: Use the slot to rotate the atomizer (Figure 49) of
the sprayer tip forward (in-line with the flow-regulator
case of the nozzle body).
8. Install the strainer bowl onto the strainer body and
hand tighten the bowl (Figure 48).
9. Rotate the handle for the sprayer pump supply valve
90° clockwise (Figure 47).
7. Rotate the nozzle cap 90° clockwise (Figure 49).
8. Repeat steps 1 through 7 for the 2 other sprayer
nozzles.
44
Spraying with the Sprayer Boom
Important: In order to ensure that your chemical
solution remains well mixed, use the agitation feature
whenever you have solution in the tank. For the agitation
feature to work, set the sprayer pump switch to the On
position, pull back the tank agitation lever, and run
the engine at high idle. If you stop the machine and
agitation is needed, leave the motion control lever in the
Neutral position, set the parking brake, increase the
throttle to the Fast position, switch on the pump and set
agitation lever.
Note: Move the tank agitation lever forward before spraying
to ensure proper sprayer pump pressure. There is some
agitation effect even while the tank agitation lever is in the
Off position.
Note: Make sure the sprayer is calibrated before starting
spray application
Figure 51
Wide spray pattern
1. Set the sprayer pump switch is in the On position.
1. Overlap area (wide spray
pattern)
2. Drive to the work site where you will spray.
3. Push forward the tank agitation lever to the Off
position.
6. When finished spraying, perform the following:
4. Rotate the sprayer pressure control to the setting that
you determined in Calibrating the Sprayer (page 37).
A. Push forward the spray pattern lever.
B.
5. Move the narrow or wide spray pattern lever to the On
position and begin spraying.
Set the sprayer pump switch is in the Off position.
Note: If you need to continue to mix the sprayer
tank contents, leave the sprayer pump switch and
the tank agitation lever in the On position for
sprayer tank agitation.
Important: Do not use both the narrow and wide
controls at the same time.
Figure 50
Narrow spray pattern
1. Overlap area (narrow
spray pattern)
2. Effective spray area
2. Effective spray area
45
Spraying Tips
Figure 52
1. Overlap area (narrow spray pattern)
6. Sprayer Off (do not spray when turning the machine 180°)
2. Effective spray area
7. End of spraying job
3. Forward
8. Property fence
4. Overlap area (wide spray pattern)
9. Gate
5. 2.4 m (8 ft)
• Do not overlap the effective spray area that you have
previously sprayed (see Figure 52).
• Watch for plugged sprayer nozzles.
• Move the narrow and wide spray pattern levers to the
Off position to stop the spray flow before stopping the
motion of the machine. Once stopped, leave the motion
control lever in neutral and leave the sprayer pump switch
in the On position..
• You will obtain better results if the machine is moving
when spray controls are turned on.
• To ensure adequate pump pressure for proper spray
distribution, push forward the tank agitation lever.
• Watch for changes in the application rate. Changes in
the application rate indicate that your ground speed has
changed beyond the operating range of the nozzles or
there is a problem with the sprayer system.
Note: When the tank is nearly empty, the tank agitation
may cause foaming of the chemical solution in the tank. In
this case, push forward the tank agitation lever to the Off
position. Alternatively, an anti-foaming agent can be used in
the tank (if compatible with the existing chemical).
46
Spraying with the Spray Wand
WARNING
The spray wand traps liquids under high pressure,
even when engine is off. High pressure spray
discharge could cause serious injury or death.
• Keep clear of nozzle and do not direct the spray
or stream from the wand at people, pets, or
non-work area property.
Figure 54
1. Sprayer wand pressure control
• Do not direct spray at or near electrical power
components or source.
• To decrease pressure to the wand, rotate the
• Do not repair the spray wand, hoses, seals,
nozzle, or other wand components; always
replace them.
control clockwise direction (Figure 54).
• To shut off pressure to the wand, rotate the wand
pressure control clockwise until the valve for the
control is closed (Figure 54).
• Do not attach hoses or other components to the
nozzle at the end of the spray wand.
4. Squeeze the trigger to the spray wand handle to begin
spraying; lock the trigger in place if desired (Figure 53).
• Do not attempt to disconnect the spray wand
from the unit while the sprayer system is
pressurized.
5. When finished spraying, perform the following:
A. Rotate the spray wand lock to the Off position(if
applicable) and release the trigger (Figure 53).
• Do not use spray wand if trigger lock is damaged
or missing.
• Rotate the spray wand lock to the Off position
when job is complete.
1. Remove the wand from the holder at the right side of
the machine (Figure 53).
B.
Rotate the sprayer wand pressure control
clockwise to the Off position (Figure 54).
C.
Put the wand back into the wand holder (Figure
53).
Transporting the Machine
Machine weight: 227 kg (500 lb)—both sprayer tank and
hopper empty; 389 kg (857 lb)—both sprayer tank and
hopper full
CAUTION
This machine does not have proper turn signals,
lights, reflective markings, or a slow moving vehicle
emblem. Driving on a street or roadway without
such equipment is dangerous and can lead to
accidents causing personal injury. Driving on a
street or roadway without such equipment may also
be a violation of State laws and the operator may be
subject to traffic tickets and/or fines.
Figure 53
1. Holder
2. Trigger
4. Wand
5. Nozzle
3. Trigger lock
2. Firmly grip the spray wand and point it in the direction
that you will spray.
Do not drive a machine on a public street or
roadway.
Note: Wand may recoil; make sure to hold the wand
securely.
3. Adjust the pump pressure to the spray wand perform
the following:
• To increase pump pressure to the wand, rotate the
wand pressure control counterclockwise (Figure
54).
47
Loading the Machine onto a Transport
Vehicle
WARNING
Loading the machine onto a trailer or truck
increases the possibility of backward tip-over, and
could cause serious injury or death.
• Use extreme caution when operating a machine
on a ramp.
• Use only a single, full-width ramp; do not use
individual ramps for each side of the machine.
• If individual ramps must be used, use enough
ramps to create an unbroken ramp surface wider
than the machine.
• Do not exceed a 15-degree angle between ramp
and ground, or between a ramp, a trailer, or a
truck.
Figure 55
• Avoid sudden acceleration while driving
machine up a ramp to avoid tipping backward.
• Avoid sudden deceleration while backing
machine down a ramp to avoid tipping
backward.
1. Trailer
3. Not greater than
15 degrees
2. Full-width ramp
4. Full-width ramp (side view)
• The operator should determine if it is best to have
the platform up or down when loading, depending on
conditions. If it is not possible to use one full-width ramp,
use enough individual ramps to simulate a full-width,
continuous ramp.
Important: Do not attempt to turn the machine while
on the ramp; you may lose control and drive off the side.
• Avoid sudden acceleration when driving up a ramp and
• Use extreme caution when loading units onto trailers or
sudden deceleration when backing down a ramp. Both
maneuvers can cause the machine to tip backward.
trucks.
• Use 1 full-width ramp that is wide enough to extend
beyond the rear tires is recommended instead of
individual ramps for each side of the machine (Figure 55).
The platform, when down and locked into position, must
extend back between the rear wheels and serves as a stop
for tipping backward. Having a full-width ramp provides
a surface for the platform to contact if the machine starts
to tip backward. With the platform up, a full-width ramp
provides a surface to walk on behind the machine.
Transporting the Machine
Note: Refer to the chemical warning product label(s) before
transporting the unit and follow all local/state/federal
requirements for transporting chemicals.
Note: Make sure the spreader hopper cover and the spray
wand are secure before transporting.
Use a heavy-duty trailer or truck to transport the machine.
Ensure that the trailer or truck has all the necessary brakes,
lighting, and marking as required by law. Please carefully read
all the safety instructions.
• The ramp should be long enough so that the angles do
not exceed 15 degrees (Figure 55). A steeper angle may
cause the chassis to get caught as the machine moves
from ramp to trailer or truck. A steeper angle may also
cause the machine to tip backward. If loading on or near
a slope, position the trailer or truck so it is on the down
side of the slope and the ramp extends up the slope. This
will minimize the ramp angle. The trailer or truck should
be as level as possible.
To transport the machine:
1. At the left side of the machine ensure that the shutoff
valve for the sprayer tank is closed and the drain plug is
secure. At the right side of the machine ensure that the
pump-shutoff valve is closed.
2. If using a trailer, connect it to the towing vehicle and
connect the safety chains.
3. If applicable, connect the trailer brakes.
4. Load the machine onto the trailer or truck.
48
5. Stop the engine, remove the key, set the brake, and
close the fuel valve.
6. Set the parking brake and block the tires.
7. Use the tie-down points on the machine to securely
bind the machine to the trailer or truck with straps,
chains, cable, or ropes (Figure 55).
Note: Refer to your local ordinances for specific
trailer and tie-down regulations.
Figure 56
1. Tie-down points
49
Maintenance
WARNING
WARNING
While you are maintaining or adjusting the machine,
someone could start the engine. Accidentally
starting the engine could seriously injure you or
other bystanders.
The engine can become very hot. Touching a hot
engine can cause severe burns.
Allow the engine to cool completely before service
or making repairs around the engine area.
Remove the key from the ignition switch, engage
parking brake, and pull the wire(s) off the spark
plug(s) before you do any maintenance. Also push
the wire(s) aside so it does not accidentally contact
the spark plug(s).
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
Before each use or daily
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the engine-oil level.
Check the safety interlock system.
Test the starter interlock.
Check the machine for loose hardware.
Check air cleaner; replace if dirty. (May need more often under severe conditions.)
Clean the engine and the exhaust system area.
Clean the grass and debris buildup from the machine.
After each use
•
•
•
•
Clean
Clean
Clean
Clean
Every 50 hours
•
•
•
•
Clean the foam air-cleaner element (more often under severe conditions).
Check the pressure in the tires.
Service the transaxle.
Check sprayer system.
Every 80 hours
• Remove the engine shrouds and clean the cooling fins.
Every 100 hours
•
•
•
•
•
Every 200 hours
• Service the spark arrester.
Monthly
Yearly
Yearly or before storage
and lubricate the spreader.
the sprayer tank.
the strainer.
the sprayer nozzles.
Lubricate the grease fittings.
Replace the dual element air filter.
Change the engine oil.
Change the engine oil (more often under severe condition).
Check, clean and gap the spark plug.
• Clean the fuel sediment cup.
• Service the fuel strainer.
• Check the battery.
• Torque the axle bolts.
• Prepare the machine for storage.
50
Premaintenance
Procedures
Lubrication
Lubricating the Grease Fittings
CAUTION
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Raising the machine for service or maintenance
relying solely on mechanical or hydraulic jacks
could be dangerous. The mechanical or hydraulic
jacks may not be enough support or may
malfunction allowing the machine to fall, which
could cause injury.
Grease type: National Lubricating Grease Institute (NGLI)
grade #2 multi-purpose gun grease.
Note: Refer to the lubrication chart for the grease points
and service intervals.
Lubrication Chart
Do not rely solely on mechanical or hydraulic jacks
for support. Use adequate jack stands or equivalent
support.
Fitting Locations
Preparing for the Machine for
Maintenance
Initial Pumps
Number of
Places
1. Wheel bearings
1 to 2
2
2. Kingpin pivots
1 to 2
2
2. Front axle pivots
1 to 2
1
3. Steering control
pivot
1 to 2
1
Perform the following before servicing, cleaning, or making
any adjustments to the machine.
1. Move the machine to a level surface.
2. Shut off the engine, set the parking brake, wait for all
moving parts to stop.
3. Remove the key from the key switch.
Figure 57
1. Stop engine, set the parking brake, wait for all moving
parts to stop, and remove key.
2. Wipe clean the grease fittings with a rag (Figure 57).
3. Connect a grease gun to the fitting (Figure 57).
4. Pump grease into the fittings until grease begins to
ooze out of the bearings.
5. Wipe up any excess grease.
51
Engine Maintenance
Note: Inspect the paper and foam filter elements for
damage or an excessive accumulation of dirt. Replace
all damaged filters. Clean the foam filter element if it is
dirty. Replace the paper filter element if it is dirty.
Servicing the Air Cleaner
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Servicing the Foam Filter Element
Every 100 hours
Service Interval: Every 50 hours (more often under severe
conditions).
Important: Do not apply oil to the foam or paper
element.
1. Inspect the element for tears, an oily film, or damaged
(Figure 58).
Removing the Foam and Paper
Elements
Important: Replace the foam element if it is worn
or damaged.
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
2. Wash the foam element in liquid soap and warm water.
When the element is clean, rinse it thoroughly.
3. Dry the element by squeezing it in a clean cloth.
2. Clean around the air cleaner to prevent dirt from
getting into the engine and causing damage (Figure 58).
Note: Allow the foam filter element to air dry.
Installing the Foam and Paper Filter
Elements
Important: To prevent engine damage, always operate
the engine with the complete foam and paper air-cleaner
assembly installed.
1. Carefully slide the foam filter element onto the paper
filter element (Figure 58).
2. Align the hole in the top plate of the paper filter
element with the hold-down rod of the carburetor
(Figure 58).
3. Secure the filter elements to the carburetor with the
wing nut (Figure 58) that you removed in step 4 of
Removing the Foam and Paper Elements (page 52).
4. Align the hole in the air-cleaner cover with the
hold-down rod (Figure 58) and secure the cover to the
rod with the wing nut that you removed in step 3 of
Removing the Foam and Paper Elements (page 52).
Figure 58
1. Air-cleaner cover
4. Hold-down rod
(carburetor)
2. Paper filter element
5. Wing nuts
3. Foam element
3. Rotate the wing nut that secures the air-cleaner cover
counterclockwise and remove the air-cleaner cover
(Figure 58).
4. Rotate the wing nut that secures the paper and foam
filter elements counterclockwise and remove the filter
elements from the hold-down rod of the carburetor
(Figure 58).
5. Carefully pull the foam element off the paper element
(Figure 58).
52
Servicing the Engine Oil
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SJ or higher)
Engine Oil Capacity: 1.1 L (1.2 US qt)
Oil viscosity: Refer to the table below.
Figure 60
Figure 59
1. Drain valve
4. Skid plate
2. Hex-head stem
3. Battery tray
5. Front of the machine
5. Open the drain valve by rotating the hex-head stem of
the valve counterclockwise with a wrench (Figure 60).
Note: Allow the engine oil to drain completely.
Changing the Engine Oil
6. Close the drain valve clockwise until the valve is fully
seated (Figure 60).
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Note: Wipe clean any residual oil from the drain valve.
Every 100 hours (more often under severe condition).
7. Remove the dipstick from the filler neck of the engine
and wipe clean the dipstick with a rag (Figure 61).
Important: Do not operate the engine with the oil level
below the Low (or Add) mark on the dipstick, or over
the Full mark.
1. Move the machine to a level surface.
2. Stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving
parts to stop before leaving the operating position
3. Allow the engine to cool.
4. Align a drain pan with a capacity of 1.5 L (1.6 US qt) or
greater below the drain valve at the bottom of the skid
plate and inboard from the battery tray (Figure 60).
Figure 61
1. Dipstick
2. Filler neck
8. Slowly pour 1.1 L (1.2 US qt) of the specified oil into
the crank case of the engine through the filler neck
(Figure 61).
53
Servicing the Spark Plug
9. Insert the dipstick from the engine as shown in Figure
62.
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Note: Do not thread the dipstick into the filler neck
when checking the engine oil level.
Spark Plug Type: NGK BR6HS, Champion RTL86C, or
equivalent
Air Gap: 0.6 to 0.7 mm (0.02 to 0.03 inch)
Make sure the air gap between the center and side electrodes
is correct before installing the spark plug.
Use a spark plug wrench for removing and installing the spark
plug(s) and a gapping tool/feeler gauge to check and adjust
the air gap. Install a new spark plug(s) if necessary.
Removing the Spark Plug
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
Figure 62
1. Dipstick
2. Remove the spark plug as shown in Figure 63.
3. Minimum oil level
2. Maximum oil level
10. Remove the dipstick from the filler neck and look at
the oil level in the dipstick (Figure 61).
Note: The engine oil level must cover between the
hatch marked areas on the dipstick (Figure 61).
11. If the oil level is low, add the specified oil into the
engine until the oil level is between the hatch marked
areas on the dipstick.
Note: Do not overfill the engine with oil.
12. Insert the dipstick into the filler neck and tighten the
dipstick hand tight (Figure 61).
Figure 63
54
Checking the Spark Plug
Important: Do not clean the spark plug(s). Always
replace the spark plug(s) when it has a black coating,
worn electrodes, an oily film, or cracks.
If you see light brown or gray on the insulator, the engine is
operating properly. A black coating on the insulator usually
means the air cleaner is dirty.
Set the gap to 0.6 to 0.7 mm (0.02 to 0.03 inch).
2
1
Figure 66
1. Fuel shutoff valve body
(carburetor)
3. Sediment cup
2. Seal
G008794
Figure 64
3. Rotate the sediment cup counterclockwise and remove
the cup from the carburetor (Figure 66).
Installing the Spark Plug
Note: Check the seal for the sediment cup for damage
or wear; replace the seal if it is damaged or worn.
Tighten the spark plug as follows:
4. Clean the sediment cup in fresh gasoline or kerosene.
• New spark plug—12 to 15 N-m (8.7 to 10.8 ft-lb)
5. Thread the sediment cup into the body of the fuel
shutoff valve hand tight (Figure 66).
• In-service spark plug—23 to 27 N-m (16.6 to 19.5 ft-lb)
6. Open the fuel shutoff valve and check for fuel leaks.
Servicing the Fuel Strainer
Service Interval: Monthly
Removing the Fuel Tank
1. Move the fuel shutoff valve to the Off position; refer
to Fuel Shut-Off Valve (page 17).
Figure 65
2. Align a drain pan with a 6.1 L (1.6 US gallons) capacity
with a under the carburetor.
Servicing the Engine Fuel
System
3. Rotate the sediment cup counterclockwise and remove
the cup from the carburetor.
Note: Check the seal for the sediment cup for damage
or wear; replace the seal if it is damaged or worn.
Cleaning the Fuel Sediment Cup
4. Move the fuel shutoff valve to the On position.
Service Interval: Monthly
Note: Allow the fuel system to drain completely.
1. Move the fuel shutoff valve to the Off position; refer
to Fuel Shut-Off Valve (page 17).
5. Remove the 2 bolts 6 x 25 mm and 2 nuts 8 mm that
secure the fuel tank to the tank supports (Figure 67).
2. Align a drain pan under the body of the fuel shutoff
valve for the carburetor (Figure 66).
55
Figure 69
1. Fuel hose
2. Boss
3. Strainer
4. Fuel tank
Figure 67
1. Fuel tank
5. Tank supports
2. Strainer
3. Fuel hose
6. Bolt 6 x 25 mm
7. Clamps
Cleaning the Fuel Strainer
1. Loosen the hose clamp and disconnect fuel hose from
the fitting at the fuel strainer (.Figure 67).
4. Nuts 8 mm
2. Rotate the fuel strainer counterclockwise and remove it
from the fuel tank (Figure 67).
6. Loosen the hose clamp and disconnect fuel hose from
the fitting on the carburetor (Figure 68).
Note: Check the seal and fuel strainer for damage or
wear. Replace the seal or fuel strainer if the seal or
strainer are damaged.
3. Clean the fuel strainer in fresh gasoline or kerosene.
4. Thread the fuel strainer into the fuel tank (Figure 67).
5. Torque the fuel strainer to 3.0 to 4.0 N-m (2.2 to 2.9
ft-lb).
6. Align the fuel hose that you removed in step 1 over the
fitting on the fuel strainer (Figure 67 and Figure 69).
7. Secure the hose to the strainer fitting with the clamp
(Figure 67 and Figure 69).
Figure 68
1. Fitting (carburetor)
Installing the Fuel Tank
3. Fuel hose
2. Clamp
1. Apply medium-grade thread-locking compound to the
8 mm studs in the fuel tank and the 2 bolts 6 x 25 mm.
2. Align the fuel tank to the tank supports on the engine
(Figure 67).
7. Remove the fuel tank from the crankcase of the engine
(Figure 67 and Figure 69).
3. Align the fuel hose that you removed in step 6 of
Removing the Fuel Tank (page 55) to the fitting on the
carburetor (Figure 68 and Figure 69).
4. Secure the hose to the carburetor fitting with the clamp
(Figure 68).
5. Assemble the tank to the tank supports on the engine
with the 2 bolts 6 x 25 mm and 2 nuts 8 mm (Figure
67).
6. Torque the 6 mm bolts to 945 to 1171 N-m (86 to 106
in-lb).
7. Thread the sediment cup into the carburetor hand tight.
56
8. Add fuel to the fuel tank, open the fuel shutoff valve,
and check for fuel leaks.
Note: Do not add too much fuel to the tank before
you have confirmed that there are no fuel leaks.
Servicing the Spark Arrester
Service Interval: Every 200 hours
Removing the Spark Arrester
WARNING
Hot exhaust system components may ignite
gasoline vapors even after the engine is stopped.
Hot particles exhausted during engine operation
may ignite flammable materials. Fire may result in
personal injury or property damage.
Do not refuel or run engine unless spark arrester
is installed.
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
2. Allow the muffler to cool.
Figure 70
3. Remove the 2 self-tapping screws that secure the tail
screen to the muffler cover and remove the screen
(Figure 70).
1. Fanged-head bolt
5. Self-tapping screw
2. Bolts
3. Muffler cover
6. Muffler
7. Spark arrester
4. Tail screen
8. Self-tapping screw
4. Remove the 2 bolts and 1 flanged-head bolt that
secures the muffler cover to the muffler (Figure 70).
5. Remove the self-tapping screw that secure the spark
arrester to the muffler and remove the spark arrester
(Figure 70).
57
Checking the Battery Charge
Electrical System
Maintenance
CAUTION
If the ignition is in the On position there is potential
for sparks and engagement of components. Sparks
could cause an explosion or moving parts could
accidentally engage causing personal injury.
Servicing the Battery
Service Interval: Monthly
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use a paper
towel to clean the battery case. If the battery terminals are
corroded, clean them with a solution of four parts water and
one part baking soda. Apply a light coating of grease to the
battery terminals to prevent corrosion.
Be sure ignition switch is in the Off position before
charging the battery.
1. Move the ignition switch to the Off position and
remove the key.
2. Remove the free end of the battery strap from the
buckle and remove the battery cover from the battery
box (Figure 71).
Voltage: 12 volts
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
DANGER
Charging or jump starting the battery may produce
explosive gases. Battery gases can explode causing
serious injury.
• Keep sparks, flames, or cigarettes away from
battery.
• Ventilate when charging or using battery in an
enclosed space.
• Make sure that the venting path of battery is
always open once the battery is filled with acid.
• Do not lean over the batteries.
• Always shield eyes and face from battery.
Figure 71
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid, which is
poisonous and can cause severe burns. Swallowing
electrolyte can be fatal or if it touches skin can
cause severe burns.
• Wear safety glasses to shield your eyes and
rubber gloves to protect your skin and clothing
when handling electrolyte.
• Do not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with water and
call a doctor immediately.
1. Battery box
5. Battery cover
2. Battery support
6. Negative terminal
3. Buckle
4. Battery strap
7. Positive terminal
3. Measure the voltage of the battery with a voltmeter.
4. Use the table below to locate the charge state or the
battery, and if needed, the battery-charger setting and
charging interval recommended to charge the battery
to 12.6 volts or greater; refer to the battery charge table
below.
58
Important: Make sure that the negative battery
cable is disconnected and the battery charger used
for charging the battery has an output of 16 volts
and 7 amps or less to avoid damaging the battery
(see chart for recommended charger settings).
3. Ensure that the filler caps are installed on the battery.
4. Charge the battery for 1 hour at 25 to 30 amps or 6
hours at 4 to 6 amps.
5. When the battery is fully charged, unplug the charger
from the electrical outlet, and disconnect the charger
leads from the battery posts (Figure 72).
Battery Charge Table
Voltage
Reading
Percent
Charge
Maximum
Charger
Settings
Charging
Interval
12.6 or
greater
100%
16 volts/
7 amps
No Charging
Required
12.4 – 12.6
75–100%
16 volts/
7 amps
30 Minutes
12.2 – 12.4
50–75%
16 volts/
7 amps
1 Hour
12.0–12.2
25–50%
14.4 volts/
4 amps
2 Hours
11.7–12.0
0–25%
14.4 volts/
4 amps
3 Hours
11.7 or less
0%
14.4 volts/
2 amps
6 Hours or
More
6. Install the battery onto the machine and connect the
battery cables; refer to Installing the Battery (page 60).
Note: Do not run the machine with the battery
disconnected; electrical damage may occur.
Figure 72
5. If the positive cable is also disconnected, connect the
positive (red) cable to the positive battery terminal
and slip terminal cover over the positive terminal
(.Figure 71).
6. Remove the screw, washer, and ground cable from the
engine. Secure the battery cable to the battery terminal
with the bolt, washer, and nut and torque the nut and
bolt to 1978 to 2542 N-cm (175 to 225 in-lb).
1. Positive battery post
3. Red (+) charger lead
2. Negative battery post
4. Black (-) charger lead
Removing and Installing the
Battery
Note: If time does not permit charging the battery
or if charging equipment is not available, connect the
negative battery cables and run the vehicle continuously
for 20 to 30 minutes to charge the battery.
Removing the Battery
WARNING
7. Align the battery cover to the battery box and secure
the cover and box to the battery tray with the battery
strap (Figure 71).
Battery terminals or metal tools could short against
metal machine components causing sparks. Sparks
can cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting
in personal injury.
Charging the Battery
• When removing or installing the battery, do not
allow the battery terminals to touch any metal
parts of the machine.
WARNING
Charging the battery produces gasses that can
explode.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between
the battery terminals and metal parts of the
machine.
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and
flames away from battery.
Important: Always keep the battery fully charged
(1.265 specific gravity) to prevent battery damage when
the temperature is below 32°F (0°C).
1. Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to Removing
the Battery (page 59).
2. Check the electrolyte level.
59
Installing the Battery
WARNING
1. Place the battery into the battery box.
Incorrect battery-cable routing could damage the
machine and cables causing sparks. Sparks can
cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in
personal injury.
2. Position the battery and battery box onto the battery
tray of the machine.
3. Install the positive (red) battery cable to positive (+)
battery terminal with a flanged bolt and flanged nut
(Figure 73).
• Always disconnect the negative (black) battery
cable before disconnecting the positive (red)
cable.
4. Slide the red terminal cover over the positive-battery
terminal.
• Always connect the positive (red) battery cable
before connecting the negative (black) cable.
5. Install the negative battery cable to the negative (-)
battery terminal with a flanged bolt and flanged nut
(Figure 73).
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
6. Align the battery cover to the battery box and secure
the cover and box to the battery tray with the battery
strap (Figure 71)
2. Remove the battery cover (Figure 71); refer to step 2 of
Checking the Battery Charge (page 58).
Jump Starting the Machine
3. Remove the hex-flanged head bolt and flanged nut
from the negative battery cable and negative (-) battery
terminal, and remove the cable from the battery (Figure
73).
DANGER
Jump starting a battery that is cracked, frozen, has
low electrolyte level, or an open/shorted battery
cell, can cause an explosion resulting in serious
personal injury.
Do not jump start a battery if these conditions exist;
replace the batttery.
CAUTION
Corrosion or loose connections can cause unwanted
electrical voltage spikes at anytime during the jump
starting procedure.
Figure 73
1. Negative-battery cable
cover (black)
4. Flanged bolt
2. Flanged nut
5. Positive (+) battery
terminal
Do not attempt to jump start an machine with loose
or corroded battery terminals, or damage to the
engine may occur.
3. Negative (-) battery
terminal
CAUTION
4. Slide the red terminal cover off the positive battery
terminal (Figure 73).
Connecting the jumper cables incorrectly (wrong
polarity) can immediately damage the electrical
system.
5. Remove the hex-flanged head bolt and flanged nut
from the positive (red) battery cable and the positive
(+) battery terminal, and remove the cable from the
battery (Figure 73).
Be certain of battery terminal polarity and jumper
cable polarity when hooking up batteries.
Important: Be sure that the vehicles do not touch and
that both electrical systems are off and at the same rated
system voltage. These instructions are for negative
ground systems only.
6. Remove the battery and battery box from the battery
tray of the machine.
Important: Use properly sized jumper cables (4 to 6
AWG) with short lengths to reduce voltage drop between
systems. Make sure that the cables are color coded or
labeled for the correct polarity.
60
Note: The following instructions are adapted from the
SAE J1494 Rev. Dec. 2001 – Battery Booster Cables –
Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice (SAE – Society of
Automotive Engineers).
8. Start the machine and remove the cables in the reverse
order of connection (disconnecting the engine block
(black) connection first).
Servicing the Fuses
1. Check the battery terminals of the discharged battery
and the booster battery for corrosion (white, green,
or blue “snow”).
The electrical system is protected by fuses, and requires no
maintenance. If a fuse blows, check the component or circuit
for a malfunction or short.
Note: Clean the corrosion from the battery
terminals prior to jump starting. Tighten battery cable
connections as necessary.
1. Remove the negative-battery cable from the battery
terminal; refer to steps 2 and 3 of Removing the
Battery (page 59).
2. Make sure that the booster is a 12 volt battery with
sufficient amp rating that is in good condition and fully
charged.
Note: Ensure that the negative battery cable does not
touch the battery terminal.
Note: Ensure that the vent caps are tight and level.
Place a damp cloth, if available, over any vent caps on
both batteries.
2. Pushing the tab on the fuse/relay holder and separating
the cover from the holder (Figure 75).
3. Pull the fuse from the socket of the fuse/relay holder
(Figure 75).
3. Connect the clamp positive (+) jumper cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the discharged battery as
shown in Figure 74.
Note: The positive battery cable that is wired to the
starter or solenoid
Figure 74
1. Positive (+) cable on discharged battery
2. Positive (+) cable on booster battery
Figure 75
3. Negative (–) cable on the booster battery
4. Negative (–) cable on the engine block
1. Battery box
4. Fuses
5. Booster battery
2. Fuse holder
5. Fuse/relay holder
6. Discharged battery
3. Cover
7. Engine block
4. Install a fuse of the same type and amperes into the
socket of the fuse/relay holder (Figure 75).
4. Connect the clamp other end of the positive jumper
cable to the positive terminal of the booster battery.
5. Install the cover on to the fuse/relay holder until it
locks into place (Figure 75).
5. Connect the clamp of the black negative (–) jumper
cable to the other terminal (negative) of the booster
battery.
6. Install the negative-battery cable from the battery
terminal; refer to steps 5 and 6 of Installing the Battery
(page 60).
6. Make the final jumper cable connection (the other
clamp of the black negative (–) cable) to the engine
block of the stalled machine (not to the negative
battery post) and away from the discharged battery.
7. Stand away from the discharged battery of the machine.
61
Drive System
Maintenance
3. Center and secure the steering control by aligning 2
bolts 9 x 76 mm (5/16 x 3 inch) through the outside
holes on the steering control and through the control
column.
Checking the Air Pressure in
the Tires
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
Note: Both the front and rear tires need to be inflated.
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
2. Check tire pressure in front and rear tires.
3. If necessary, adjust the air pressure in the tires to 83
to 97 kPa (12 to 14 psi).
Figure 77
Torquing the Axle Bolts
1. Outside holes (steering
control)
2. Control column
Service Interval: Yearly
Torque the 2 axle bolts for the front wheels and the 2 axle
bolts for the rear wheels (Figure 76) to 48 N-m (35 ft-lb).
4. Measure the distance between the 2 front faces of the
front tires as shown in Figure 78.
Important: If you remove the wheel(s) for maintenance,
apply medium-grade thread-locking compound to the
threads of the bolts before installing the wheel(s)
Record the front measurement here
.
Important: If you remove the rear wheel(s) for
maintenance, apply a copper-based, anti-seizing
compound on the rear axle shafts.
Important: Do not use anti-seize compound on the
wheel bolts.
Figure 78
Viewed underneath machine
Figure 76
1. Front of the machine
2. Front measurement
3. Front face of the tire
1. Axle bolts
Aligning the Front Wheels
4. Rear face of the tire
5. Rear measurement
5. Measure the distance between the 2 rear faces of the
front tires as shown in Figure 78.
Operator supplied equipment: 2 bolts 9 x 76 mm (5/16 x
3 inch) or longer
Record the front measurement here
.
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
Note: The front measurement should be 6.4–12.7 mm
(1/4 to 1/2 inch) larger than the rear measurement.
2. Check the tire pressure; refer to Checking the Air
Pressure in the Tires (page 62).
62
Servicing the Transaxle
6. If the front measurement is smaller that 6.4 mm (1/4
inch) or larger that 12.7 mm (1/2 inch), adjustment the
rod ends for the steering linkage as follows:
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
A. Remove the 4 thumb screws that secure the front
cover (below the is below the impeller) to the
chassis and remove the cover (Figure 79).
Transaxle Oil Type: Toro® HYPR-OIL™ 500 hydraulic oil
or Mobil® 1 15W-50
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
2. Rotate counterclockwise the 2 quarter-turn fasteners
that secure the knee pad to the chassis of the machine
(Figure 81).
Figure 79
1. Forward cover
2. Clip nut
B.
3. Thumb screw
Loosen the jam nuts at the rod ends.
Figure 81
1. Quick release screws
3. Oil expansion tank
2. Knee pad
3. Lift the knee pad up and rearward slightly and remove
the pad from the machine (Figure 81).
4. Clean area around oil expansion tank and remove cap
(Figure 81).
Figure 80
1. Jam nuts
C.
5. Check the oil level in the expansion tank..
Note: The oil level cover the bottom port in tank
Rotate the steering rod to lengthen or shorten the
linkage. Adjust both the left hand and right hand
steering linkages equally.
6. If the oil level is too low, add the specified oil into the
expansion tank.
Note: The factory center-to-center distance
between the ball joint rod ends at the steering
linkage is 23.3 cm (9.21 inches).
D.
7. Install tank cap onto the expansion tank and tighten
the cap until it is snug (Figure 81).
Note: Do not overtighten the cap.
Tighten the jam nuts.
E. Align the holes in the front cover with the clip
nuts in the chassis and secure the cover with the 4
thumb nuts that you removed in A.
7. Remove the bolts that you installed in step 3 from the
control column and steering control.
63
Controls System
Maintenance
Adjusting the Pattern Control
Cable for the Spreader
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
2. Empty the hopper; refer to Emptying the Hopper
(page 29)
3. Close the impeller gate by pushing the wide-distribution
impeller gate lever forward fully (Figure 82).
Figure 83
1. Jam nut (pattern control cable)
2. Linkage rod
3. Impeller shaft
4. 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) gap between ramp tooth and impeller
shaft
5. Ramp tooth
Figure 82
1. Unlock—spread pattern
control handle (rotate
counterclockwise)
3. Lock—spread pattern
control handle (rotate
clockwise)
2. Push down—spread
pattern control handle
4. Push
forward—wide-distribution
impeller-gate lever
6. Pull the linkage rod until there is 1/8 inch (3.2 mm)
gap between the ramp tooth and the impeller shaft
(Figure 83).
7. Tighten the jam nut (Figure 83).
8. Adjust the spread pattern control handle; refer to
Adjusting the Spreader Pattern (page 32).
4. Rotate the spread pattern control handle
counterclockwise (1), push the handle down (2), and
rotate the spread pattern control handle clockwise(3)
refer to Figure 82.
5. Loosen the jam nut at the end of the pattern control
cable (Figure 83).
64
Cleaning
Maintaining the Sprayer
System
Cleaning the Engine and the
Exhaust System Area
Check Sprayer System
Service Interval: Before each use or daily (may be required
more often in dry or dirty conditions.)
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
CAUTION
Excessive debris around engine cooling air intake
and exhaust system area can cause engine, exhaust
area, and hydraulic system to overheat which can
create a fire hazard.
2. Check all of the hoses, nozzles, and fittings for damage
and leaks.
Note: Replace all damaged or leaking sprayer
components.
Clean all debris from engine and exhaust system
area.
3. Check the nozzle strainers and in-line strainers for
accumulation of dirt and chemical sludge.
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
Note: Clean or replace strainers with an accumulation
of dirt and chemical sludge.
2. Clean all debris from screen next to the starter grip of
the engine, around engine shrouding, fuel tank, and
exhaust system area.
3. Wipe up any excessive grease or oil around the engine
and exhaust system area.
4. Clean muffler heat shields of all debris, dirt, and oil.
Removing the Engine Shroud
and Cleaning the Cooling Fins
Service Interval: Every 80 hours
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
2. Remove cooling shroud from engine.
3. Clean cooling fins of the engine.
Note: Also clean dust, dirt, and oil from external
surfaces of engine which can cause improper cooling.
4. Install the cooling shrouds onto the engine.
Note: Operating the engine without cooling shrouds
will cause engine damage due to overheating.
65
Cleaning the Debris from the
Machine
Storage
1. Set sprayer pump switch to the Off position, stop the
machine, shut off the engine, set the parking brake, and
remove the key.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop the engine, set the parking brake, remove the key,
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
2. Remove dirt and grime from the entire machine.
Important: You can wash the machine with mild
detergent and water. Do not pressure wash the
machine. Avoid excessive use of water, especially
near the engine and hydrostatic drive.
2. Clean off any debris or chemical build-up on the
machine, especially the nozzles, sprayer tank opening,
impeller, and the spray wand and its holder
3. Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner (page 52).
Waste Disposal
4. Lubricate the machine; refer to Lubricating the Grease
Fittings (page 51).
Chemical Disposal
5. Change the engine oil; refer to Changing the Engine
Oil (page 53).
Improper chemical disposal can pollute the environment and
cause health issues.
6. Remove the rear wheels, apply a copper-based,
anti-seizing compound to the rear axle shafts, and
install the wheels; refer to Torquing the Axle Bolts
(page 62).
Follow the disposal directions on the chemical manufacturer’s
label. Dispose of chemicals and containers in accordance to
local/state/federal laws.
7. Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws. Repair or
replace any part that is damaged.
Disposing of the Engine Oil
8. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint is
available from your Authorized Service Dealer.
Engine oil and hydraulic oil are both pollutants to the
environment. Dispose of used oil at a certified recycling
center or according to your state and local regulations.
9. Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or storage area.
10. Cover the machine to protect it and keep it clean.
Disposing of the Battery
Preparing the Machine for
Extended or Winter Storage
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid, which is
poisonous and can cause severe burns. Swallowing
electrolyte can be fatal or if it touches skin can
cause severe burns.
To help protect the pumps from freezing temperatures make
sure the unit is free of all caustic chemicals and residue.
• Wear safety glasses to shield eyes, and rubber
gloves to protect skin and clothing when
handling electrolyte.
Perform all the steps in Cleaning and Lubricating the Spreader
(page 35).
• Do not swallow electrolyte.
Winterizing the Sprayer
• In the event of an accident, flush with water and
call a doctor immediately.
Emptying the Tank
Cleaning the Spreader
1. Perform all the steps in Cleaning the Sprayer Tank
(page 42), Cleaning the Strainer (page 43), and Cleaning
the Sprayer Nozzle (page 44).
Federal law states that batteries should not be placed in the
garbage. Management and disposal practices for batteries
must follow relevant federal, state, or local laws.
2. Empty the sprayer system by performing the following:
A. Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying the
Sprayer Tank (page 42).
If a battery is being replaced or if the machine containing
the battery is no longer operating and is being scrapped,
remove the battery and take it to a local certified recycling
center. If no local recycling is available return the battery to
any certified battery reseller.
66
B.
Start the machine and set sprayer pump switch
to the On position
C.
Push forward the tank agitation lever.
D.
Pull back the narrow-spray pattern lever.
Note: Run the sprayer nozzle until the narrow
nozzle is spraying air.
E. Push forward the narrow-spray pattern lever and
pull back the wide-spray pattern lever.
Note: Run the sprayer nozzles until the both
wide nozzles are spraying air.
F.
Push forward the wide-spray pattern lever.
3. Shut off the sprayer pump and the engine.
Preparing the Sprayer System
Antifreeze type: 2.5 L (0.7 US gallon) rust inhibiting,
non-alcohol based, RV antifreeze concentrate
Important: Do not allow all of the antifreeze mixture to
empty from the sprayer tank while running the sprayer
nozzles and wand. Keeping some of the antifreeze in
the pump, valves, and hoses will help prevent corrosion
and damage caused by moist air trapped in the sprayer
system.
1. Mix 2.5 L (0.7 US gallon) RV anti-freeze concentrate
with 5.1 L (1.3 US gallon) water and pour the antifreeze
mixture into the into the sprayer tank.
Note: Use a rust inhibiting, non-alcohol based, RV
antifreeze concentrate.
2. Start the machine and set the sprayer pump switch to
the On position.
3. Pull back the narrow-spray pattern lever to the On
position.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle.
4. Push forward the narrow-spray pattern lever and pull
back the wide-spray pattern lever.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle.
5. Push forward the wide-spray pattern lever.
6. Remove the wand from its holder, point it in a safe
direction, and squeeze the spray wand trigger.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through sprayer
and nozzle and then return the wand to its holder.
7. Set the sprayer pump switch to the Off position and
shut off the engine.
67
Troubleshooting
Important: It is essential that the operator safety mechanisms for the machine are connected and in proper
operating condition before you use the machine.
When a problem occurs, do not overlook the simple causes. For example: starting problems could be caused
by an empty fuel tank.
The following table lists some of the common causes of trouble. Do not attempt to service or replace major
engine items or any items that call for special timing of adjustments procedures (such as valves, governor, etc.).
Have this work done by your Engine Service Dealer.
Note: When disconnecting electrical connectors Do not pull on the wires to separate the connectors.
Problem
The starter does not rotate the engine.
Possible Cause
1. The park brake is not set.
1. Set park brake.
2. The battery does not have a full
charge.
4. A fuse is blown.
5. A relay or switch is defective.
2. Charge the battery; refer to the
Checking Battery Charge, Charging
the Battery, and Jump Starting
the Machine procedures in the
Maintenance section.
3. Check the electrical connection(s) for
good contact. Clean connector
terminals thoroughly with
electrical-contact cleaner, apply
dielectric grease to the terminals and
connect the connectors.
4. Replace the blown fuse.
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. The fuel tank is empty.
1. Fill the fuel tank with fuel.
2. The fuel shutoff valve is closed.
3. The throttle lever or choke lever or
both are not in the correct position.
2. Open the fuel shutoff valve.
3. Move the throttle control is midway
between the Slow and Fast positions.
Set the choke to the On position when
starting a cold engine or set the choke
to the Off position when starting a
warm engine.
4. Clean or replace the fuel strainer
(bottom of fuel tank).
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
3. An electrical connection(s) is corroded,
loose or faulty.
The engine will not start, it starts hard, or
it fails to keep running.
Corrective Action
4. There is dirt in fuel strainer.
5. There is dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
the fuel system.
6. The air filter elements are dirty.
7. An electrical connection(s) is corroded,
loose or faulty.
8. A relay or switch is defective.
9. The spark plug is faulty.
10. The spark plug wire is not connected
to the spark plug.
68
6. Clean the foam filter element or replace
the paper filter element.
7. Check the electrical connection(s) for
good contact. Clean connector
terminals thoroughly with
electrical-contact cleaner, apply
dielectric grease to the terminals and
connect the connectors.
8. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
9. Clean, adjust or replace spark plug.
10. Check the spark plug wire connection
at the spark plug.
Problem
The engine loses power.
Possible Cause
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed of the
machine.
2. The air filter elements are dirty.
2. Clean the foam filter element or replace
the paper filter element.
3. Add oil into the engine to the proper
oil level.
4. Clean cooling fins and air passages.
3. The oil level in the engine is low.
4. The cooling fins and air passages for
the engine are plugged with dirt or
debris.
5. The vent hole in the fuel cap is plugged.
6. There is dirt in fuel strainer.
7. There is dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
the fuel system.
The engine overheats.
5. Clean the vent hole or replace the fuel
cap.
6. Clean or replace the fuel strainer
(bottom of fuel tank).
7. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed of the
machine.
2. The oil level in the engine is low.
2. Add oil into the engine to the proper
oil level.
3. Clean cooling fins and air passages.
3. The cooling fins and air passages for
the engine are plugged with dirt or
debris.
The machine pulls left or right (with
steering control fully forward).
Corrective Action
1. The air pressure in the tires are not
correct.
1. Adjust air pressure in the drive tires.
2. The steering linkage is damaged.
3. The front wheel toe-out is not correct.
2. Replace steering linkage.
3. Align the front wheels refer to the
Aligning the Front Wheels procedure in
the Drive System Maintenance section.
4. Repair or replace front wheel axles.
4. The front wheel axles are bent or
damaged.
5. The steering control is bent or
damaged.
5. Repair or replace steering control.
The machine does not drive.
1. The bypass valve is not closed tight.
1. Close tight the bypass valve.
The machine vibrates abnormally.
1. The engine mounting bolts are loose.
1. Tighten the engine mounting bolts.
2. The coupling bolts and nuts for the
drive shaft are loose.
2. Tighten the appropriate fasteners.
1. There is debris buildup at the impeller.
1. Clean the impeller.
2. The hopper screen is plugged.
3. The impeller motor is loose or
damaged.
4. An electrical components for the
impeller motor system is open.
5. The impeller On/Off switch is in the Off
position or impeller speed control is set
too slow.
6. The impeller drive pin is missing.
7. The bearings failed in the impeller
motor.
2. Clean the hopper screen.
3. Repair or replace impeller motor.
The impeller does not rotate.
69
4. Check the electrical connections.
5. Set the impeller On/Off switch to the
On position and check the position of
the knob for the impeller speed control.
6. Replace drive pin.
7. Replace bearings in the motor or the
motor assembly.
Problem
The spreader or sprayer pattern is uneven.
There is no spray from the sprayer nozzles
in the boom or the nozzles have poor
output.
No material dispensed from hopper.
The spray wand does not work.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
1. The impeller is dirty or damaged.
1. Clean, repair, or replace impeller.
2. The spreader pattern control is not
adjusted properly.
3. The sprayer nozzles are clogged.
4. The hopper screen is plugged.
5. Material in the hopper is clumped over
the gate.
6. The diffuser ramp setting is incorrect.
2. Adjust the spreader pattern control;
refer to the Adjust the Spreader Pattern
procedure in the Using the Spreader
section.
3. Clean or replace nozzles.
4. Clean hopper screen.
5. Check to see if the agitator pin for the
shaft of the impeller motor presence.
6. Adjust the position of the control cable.
1. The sprayer tank is empty.
1. Fill the sprayer tank.
2. The sprayer pump supply valve is
closed or partially closed.
3. The strainer is clogged or damaged.
4. The pump is clogged or damaged.
5. The nozzles are clogged.
6. The hoses are clogged, kinked, or
damaged.
7. The tank agitation lever is in the On
position.
8. The sprayer pattern lever is not in the
On position.
9. The sprayer pressure and ground
speed are incorrect.
10. The chemical mixture in the sprayer
tank is incorrect.
11. The spray system is leaking.
2. Fully open the sprayer pump supply
valve.
3. Clean, repair, or replace the strainer.
4. Clean, repair, or replace the pump.
5. Clean or replace the nozzles.
6. Clean, repair, or replace the hoses.
1. Hopper screen is plugged.
1. Clean hopper screen.
2. Gate not adjusted properly.
2. Adjust the gate. See Spreader Pattern
Adjustment section in Operation.
1. The sprayer tank is empty.
1. Fill the sprayer tank.
2. Sprayer wand pressure control is in
wrong position.
3. The wand is clogged or damaged.
4. The spray nozzle for the wand is
clogged.
5. The trigger is not pressed.
6. The hose is clogged or damaged.
7. The hose is not connected to wand.
8. The hose for the wand is kinked.
2. Rotate the pressure control to the
Open position.
3. Clean, repair, or replace the wand.
4. Clean or replace the nozzle.
70
7. Move the tank agitation lever to the Off
position.
8. Move the narrow- or wide-sprayer
pattern lever to the On position.
9. Adjust sprayer pressure and the
ground speed of the machine.
10. Follow chemical manufacturer’s
recommendation.
11. Inspect the components of the sprayer
system; clean, repair, or replace
the sprayer system components as
needed.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the trigger.
Clean, repair, or replace the hoses.
Connect the hose to the wand.
Straighten the kink in the hose.
Problem
The indicator light above the impeller
On/Off switch is illuminated or flashing.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
1. The indicator light is flashing at a slow,
constant rate and the —impeller motor
speed is not adjustable (locked).
1. While the impeller motor is running,
press and hold the impeller On/Off
switch for 5-seconds to reset impeller
motor speed control; or shut off the
engine, and then start the engine;
and/or Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
2. The indicator light flashes for 2
seconds and then pulses 2 times—The
electrical system for the impeller motor
is over current.
3. The indicator light flashes fast and
constant and then pulses 4 times—the
electrical system for the machine is
under voltage.
2. Check the electrical connections
for damage and corrosion; inspect
impeller for blockage; and/or contact
an Authorized Service Dealer.
3. Run engine at high idle with all
spreader function turned off to charge
the battery until flashing indicator light
resets; check the condition of the
battery; check the electrical harness
for loose or damaged connections;
check charging system of the engine
for electrical output; and/or contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
4. check charging system of the engine
for electrical output and/or contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
4. The indicator light flashes fast and then
pulses 5 times—the electrical system
for the machine is over voltage.
The indicator light above the sprayer
switch is illuminated or flashing.
1. The indicator light flashes for 2
seconds and then pulses 2 times—The
electrical system for the sprayer pump
is over current.
1. Check the electrical connections for
damage and corrosion; inspect sprayer
pump for blockage and drainage;
and/or contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
2. The indicator light flashes fast and
constant and then pulses 4 times—the
electrical system for the machine is
under voltage.
2. Run engine at high idle with the
sprayer function turned off to charge
the battery until flashing indicator light
resets; check the condition of the
battery; check the electrical harness
for loose or damaged connections;
check charging system of the engine
for electrical output; and/or contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
3. check charging system of the engine
for electrical output and/or contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
3. The indicator light flashes fast and then
pulses 5 times—the electrical system
for the machine is over voltage.
71
Schematics
Electrical Schematic (Rev. A)
72
Electrical Diagram (Rev. A)
73
Sprayer System Schematic (Rev. A)
74
Notes:
75
The Toro Warranty
A limited warranty (see warranty periods below)
Conditions and Products Covered
The Toro Company and its affiliate, Toro Warranty Company, pursuant to an
agreement between them, jointly warrant your Toro Products listed below to
be free from defects in materials or workmanship.
This warranty covers the cost of parts and labor, but you must pay
transportation costs.
The following time periods apply from the date of purchase:
Products
Turf Renovation
Walk-Behind Aerator
•Engine
Stand-On Aerator
•Battery
Warranty Period
1 year
2 years
1 year
90 days Parts and Labor
1 year Parts Only
2 years
1 year
2 years
1 year
2 years
•Engine
Dethatcher
•Engine
Turf Seeder
•Engine
Stand-On Spreader Sprayer
•Battery
•Engine
Walk-Behind Rotary Broom
•Engine
1 year
90 days Parts and Labor
1 year Parts Only
2 years
1 year
2 years
Where a warrantable condition exists, we will repair the Product at no cost
to you including diagnosis, labor, and parts.
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
If you think that your Toro Product contains a defect in materials or
workmanship, follow this procedure**:
1.
Contact any Authorized Servicing Outlet to arrange service at their
dealership. To locate one convenient to you, access our website at
www.Toro.com. Select “Where to Buy” and select “Contractor” under
product type. You may also call our toll free number below.
2.
Bring the product and your proof of purchase (sales receipt) to them.
3.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Outlet’s analysis
or with the assistance provided, contact us at:
SWS Customer Care Department
Toro Warranty Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
Toll Free: 888-384-9939
**Toro
Authorized Rental Customers who have purchased products directly from Toro and have
signed the Toro Rental Customer Agreement have the ability to perform their own warranty work.
Please visit Toro’s Rental Portal for electronic warranty clam filing procedures or call the toll free
number above.
Owner Responsibilities
You must maintain your Toro Product by following the maintenance
procedures described in the Operator’s Manual. Such routine maintenance,
whether performed by a dealer or by you, is at your expense. Parts
SWS
Turf Renovation
scheduled for replacement as required maintenance (“Maintenance Parts”),
are warranted for the period of time up to the scheduled replacement time
for that part. Failure to perform required maintenance and adjustments can
be grounds for disallowing a warranty claim.
Items and Conditions Not Covered
Not all product failures or malfunctions that occur during the warranty period
are defects in materials or workmanship. This express warranty does not
cover the following:
•
•
•
Product failures which result from installation and use of add-on,
modified, or unapproved accessories
Failure to perform required maintenance and/or adjustments
Repairs necessary due to failure to follow recommended fuel
procedure (consult Operator's Manual for more details)
–
Removing contaminants from the fuel system is not covered
–
Use of old fuel (more than one month old) or fuel which contains
more than 10% ethanol or more that 15% MTBE
–
Failure to drain the fuel system prior to any period of non-use
over one month
•
Product failures which result from operating the product in an abusive,
negligent or reckless manner
•
Parts subject to consumption through use unless found to be defective.
Examples of parts which are consumed, include, belts, cutters, blades,
teeth, spark plugs, tires, filters, etc.
•
Failures caused by outside influence include, weather, storage,
contamination, lubricants, additives, or chemicals, etc.
•
Normal “wear and tear” items incudes painted surfaces and scratched
decals, etc.
•
•
Any component covered by a separate manufacturer’s warranty
Pickup and delivery charges
General Conditions
Repair by an Authorized Servicing Outlet or Self-Service as an Authorized
Rental Customer is your sole remedy under the warranty.
Neither The Toro Company nor Toro Warranty Company is liable for
indirect, incidental or consequential damages in connection with the
use of the Toro Products covered by this warranty, including any
cost or expense of providing substitute equipment or service during
reasonable periods of malfunction or non-use pending completion of
repairs under this warranty. All implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for use are limited to the duration of this express warranty.
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or consequential
damages, or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the
above exclusions and limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
Except for the engine warranty coverage and the Emissions warranty
referenced below, if applicable, there is no other express warranty. The
Emissions Control System on your Product may be covered by a separate
warranty meeting requirements established by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) or the California Air Resources Board (CARB).
Refer to the California Emission Control Warranty Statement supplied with
your Product or contained in the engine manufacturer’s documentation for
details.
Countries Other than the United States or Canada
Customers who have purchased Toro products outside the United States or Canada should contact their Toro Distributor (Dealer) to obtain guarantee
policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with your Distributor's service or have difficulty obtaining guarantee
information, contact the Toro importer. If all other remedies fail, you may contact us at Toro Warranty Company.
Australian Consumer Law: Australian customers will find details relating to the Australian Consumer Law either inside the box or at your local Toro
Dealer.
374-0289 Rev E
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