Toro Stand-On E-Spreader/Sprayer User manual

Toro Stand-On E-Spreader/Sprayer User manual
Form No. 3435-715 Rev A
Stand-On E-Spreader/Sprayer
Model No. 34230—Serial No. 400000000 and Up
Register at www.Toro.com.
Original Instructions (EN)
*3435-715* A
It is a violation of California Public Resource Code
Section 4442 or 4443 to use or operate the engine on
any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered
land unless the engine is equipped with a spark
arrester, as defined in Section 4442, maintained in
effective working order or the engine is constructed,
equipped, and maintained for the prevention of fire.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model
and serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1
identifies the location of the model and serial numbers
on the product. Write the numbers in the space
provided.
The enclosed engine owner's manual is supplied
for information regarding the US Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Emission
Control Regulation of emission systems, maintenance,
and warranty. Replacements may be ordered through
the engine manufacturer.
Important: With your mobile device, you can
scan the QR code (if equipped) on the serial
number plate to access warranty, parts, and other
product information.
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals known to
the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
Use of this product may cause exposure
to chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
g248806
Figure 1
1. Model and serial number location
Model No.
Serial No.
Introduction
This stand-on spreader sprayer is intended for use
by trained operators in residential and commercial
applications. The machine is primarily designed for
chemical distribution used for turf care or snow/ice
removal at residential grounds, parks, sports fields,
and on commercial grounds. Using this product for
purposes other than its intended use could prove
dangerous to you and bystanders.
Read this information carefully to learn how to operate
and maintain your product properly and to avoid
injury and product damage. You are responsible for
operating the product properly and safely.
Visit www.Toro.com for product safety and operation
training materials, accessory information, help finding
a dealer, or to register your product.
© 2019—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
2
Contact us at www.Toro.com.
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Contents
Checking the Air Pressure in the Tires............... 68
Torqueing the Axle Bolts and Lug
Nuts .............................................................. 68
Aligning the Front Wheels................................. 68
Servicing the Transaxle .................................... 70
Controls System Maintenance ............................. 70
Adjusting the Pattern Control Cable for the
Spreader ....................................................... 70
Maintaining the Chassis ....................................... 71
Checking the Machine for Loose
Hardware ...................................................... 71
Maintaining the Sprayer System........................... 72
Checking Sprayer System ................................ 72
Cleaning .............................................................. 72
Cleaning the Engine and the Exhaust
System Area ................................................. 72
Cleaning the Debris from the Machine............... 72
Removing the Engine Shroud and Cleaning
the Cooling Fins ............................................ 72
Waste Disposal................................................. 73
Storage ................................................................... 73
Preparing the Machine for Extended or
Winter Storage .............................................. 73
Troubleshooting ...................................................... 75
Spreader Fault Codes....................................... 75
Sprayer Fault Codes......................................... 76
Schematics ............................................................. 82
Safety ....................................................................... 4
Safety-Alert Symbol............................................ 4
General Safety ................................................... 4
Safety and Instructional Decals .......................... 5
Setup ........................................................................ 9
1 Checking the Tire Air Pressure......................... 9
2 Checking the Engine-Oil Level ......................... 9
3 Checking the Transaxle-Fluid Level ................. 9
4 Connecting the Battery .................................. 10
Product Overview ................................................... 10
Controls ............................................................11
Machine Controls ...........................................11
Engine Controls ............................................ 12
Spreader Controls......................................... 13
Sprayer Controls ........................................... 14
Specifications .................................................. 16
Before Operation ................................................. 17
Before Operation Safety ................................... 17
Performing Daily Maintenance.......................... 18
Checking the Safety Interlock System............... 18
Fuel Specification ............................................. 19
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner ............................. 19
Filling the Fuel Tank .......................................... 19
During Operation ................................................. 20
During Operation Safety ................................... 20
Operating the Machine ..................................... 22
Operating the Spreader .................................... 25
Operating the Sprayer ...................................... 37
After Operation .................................................... 49
After Operation Safety ...................................... 49
Cleaning and Lubricating the Spreader ............. 50
Cleaning the Sprayer ........................................ 51
Transporting the Machine ................................. 53
Maintenance ........................................................... 55
Maintenance Safety.......................................... 55
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ........... 56
Notation for Areas of Concern........................... 56
Pre-Maintenance Procedures .............................. 57
Preparing the Machine...................................... 57
Lubrication .......................................................... 57
Lubricating the Grease Fittings ......................... 57
Engine Maintenance ........................................... 58
Servicing the Air Cleaner .................................. 58
Engine Oil Specification.................................... 58
Checking the Engine-Oil Level.......................... 59
Changing the Engine Oil ................................... 59
Servicing the Spark Plug................................... 61
Cleaning the Spark Arrester.............................. 61
Fuel System Maintenance ................................... 62
Draining the Fuel System.................................. 62
Electrical System Maintenance ........................... 63
Servicing the Battery......................................... 63
Removing and Installing the Battery.................. 65
Jump-Starting the Machine............................... 66
Servicing the Fuses .......................................... 67
Drive System Maintenance .................................. 68
3
Safety
• Only allow trained, responsible, and physically
capable operators who are familiar with the safe
operation, operator controls, and safety signs and
instructions to operate the machine. Never allow
children or untrained people operate or service the
equipment. Local regulations may restrict the age
of the operator.
The following instructions are from ANSI standard
B71.4-2017.
Safety-Alert Symbol
• Always use appropriate personal protective
The safety-alert symbol (Figure 2) is used both in
this manual and on the machine to identify important
safety messages that you must follow to avoid an
accident.
equipment (PPE) to guard against contact with
chemicals.
• Do not operate the machine near drop-offs,
ditches, embankments, water, or other hazards.
This symbol means Attention! Become Alert! Your
Safety Is Involved!
• Do not put your hands or feet near moving
components of the machine.
• Never operate the machine with damaged guards,
shields, or covers. Always have safety shields,
guards, switches and other devices in place and in
proper working condition.
g000502
Figure 2
Safety-alert symbol
• Stop the machine, shut off the engine, and remove
the key before servicing, fueling, or unclogging
the machine.
The safety-alert symbol appears above information
which alerts you to unsafe actions or situations and is
followed by the word Danger, Warning, or Caution.
Danger indicates an imminently hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious
injury.
Warning indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious
injury.
Caution indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate
injury.
This manual uses 2 other words to highlight
information. Important calls attention to special
mechanical information and Note emphasizes general
information worthy of special attention.
General Safety
This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet
and of throwing objects. Toro designed and tested this
machine to offer reasonably safe service; however,
failure to comply with safety instructions may result in
injury or death.
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions and
warnings in the Operator’s Manual and other
training materials, on the machine, the engine, and
attachments. All operators and mechanics should
be trained. If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) cannot
read this manual, it is the owner’s responsibility to
explain this material to them; other languages may
be available on our website.
4
Safety and Instructional Decals
• Keep all safety signs legible. Remove all grease,
dirt, and debris from safety signs and instructional
labels.
• Replace all worn, damaged, or missing safety
signs.
• When you install replacement components, ensure
that current safety signs are affixed to those
components.
• If you have installed an attachment or accessory,
decal135-6949
ensure that current safety signs are visible.
135-6949
• Familiarize yourself with the following safety signs
and instruction labels. They are critical to the safe
operation of your machine.
1. Main Fuse, 20A
3. Start relay
2. Regulator, 20A
4. GND-Shutdown Relay
decal133-8062
133-8062
decal126-2620
126-2620
1. Pull lever up to disengage
the brake.
decal126-2621
126-2621
2. Push lever down to
engage the brake.
1. Unlock to push machine.
3. Lock to drive machine.
2. Read the instructions
before servicing or
performing maintenance.
decal126-4994
126-4994
1. Cutting/dismemberment hazard—keep away from moving
parts.
2. Warning—do not use the upper front locations as tie down
points, only use the specified tie-down points; see the
Operator’s Manual for location.
5
decal126-5186
126-5186
1. Read the Operator's Manual before servicing the machine
or performing maintenance.
4. For more information on servicing the rear axle shafts, read
the Operator's Manual.
2. Grease the steering pivots every 100 hours.
5. Check the tire pressure—90kPa (13 psi) every 50 hours.
3. Check the hydraulic fluid level every 50 hours.
6. Read the Operator's Manual.
6
decal135-2844
135-2844
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Fast
Slow
Neutral
Reverse
Warning-Read the Operator’s Manual. Do not operate this machine unless you are trained. Wear hearing protection.
6. Warning-Stay away from moving parts; keep all guards in place. Stop engine and remove key before adjusting, servicing,
or cleaning.
7. Warning-Disengage sprayer controls, move drive lever to neutral position, engage parking brake, and stop engine before leaving
the operator’s position.
8. Crushing/dismemberment hazard of bystanders - Do Not carry passengers, look forward and down when operating the machine,
look behind and down when reversing.
9. Thrown object hazard-Do Not operate when people and pets are in the area.
10. Warning-operate across slopes not up and down. Loads may shift on slopes or when turning. Do Not operate on wet slopes–use
extreme caution when operating on slopes.
11. Caustic liquid/chemical burn and toxic gas inhalation hazards - wear hand, skin, eye, and respiratory protection.
12. Warning-Use fresh, clean water:
- for first-aid washing
- for rinsing the tank.
13. Neutral
14. Move the steering control right to turn right.
15. Move the steering control to the center to go straight.
16. Move the steering control left to turn left.
7
decal135-7247
135-7247
1. Engine-Off
13. Spreader pattern control-rotate counterclockwise to unlock;
rotate clockwise to lock.
14. Spread pattern control-pull handle up if heavy on left side.
2. Engine-On
3. Engine-Start
4. Deflector-Pull knob up to open
15. Spread pattern control-push handle down if heavy on right
side.
16. Spray wand pressure control-Off
5. Deflector-Push knob down to close
17. Spray wand pressure control-Decrease
6. Throttle-Fast
18. Spray wand pressure control-Increase
7. Continuous variable setting
19. Spray wand pressure control-On
8. Throttle-Slow
20. Spray wand pressure control
9. Spray pressure control
21. Increase pressure
10. On
22. Decrease pressure
11. Off
23. Increase spread pattern
12. Granular spinner control
24. Decrease spread pattern
decal135-7256
135-7256
1. Agitation—Off
5. Wide spray—Off
9. Narrow spreader—Off
2. Agitation—On
6. Wide spray—On
10. Narrow spreader—On
3. Narrow spray—Off
7. Wide spreader—Off
11. Narrow spreader flow—increase
4. Narrow spray—On
8. Wide spreader—On
12. Narrow spreader flow—decrease
8
Setup
Loose Parts
Use the chart below to verify that all parts have been shipped.
Procedure
Description
4
Use
Qty.
–
No parts required
Connect the battery.
Media and Additional Parts
Description
Use
Qty.
Operator's Manual
1
Read before operating the machine.
Key
2
Start the machine.
1
3
Checking the Tire Air
Pressure
Checking the
Transaxle-Fluid Level
No Parts Required
No Parts Required
Procedure
Procedure
Check the air pressure in the front and rear tires, and
if necessary, add air to the appropriate pressure; refer
to Checking the Air Pressure in the Tires (page 68).
The transaxle comes with fluid; check transaxle-fluid
level in the expansion tank, and if necessary, add to
the appropriate level; refer to Servicing the Transaxle
(page 70).
2
Checking the Engine-Oil
Level
No Parts Required
Procedure
The engine comes with oil; check the engine-oil level
and, if necessary, add to the appropriate level; refer to
Engine Oil Specification (page 58) and Checking the
Engine-Oil Level (page 59).
9
Product Overview
4
Connecting the Battery
No Parts Required
Procedure
1.
Remove the battery cover from the battery box
(Figure 3).
g304841
Figure 4
1. Motion/steering control
5. Hopper
2. Engine/spreader—sprayer
controls
3. Spray wand
6. Impeller
7. Sprayer nozzles
4. Hopper cover
g027115
Figure 3
1. Battery box
5. Battery cover
2. Battery support
6. Negative terminal
3. Buckle
4. Battery strap
7. Positive terminal
2.
3.
4.
g304840
Install the positive battery cable to the positive
(+) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 3).
Install the negative battery cable to the negative
(–) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 3).
Install the cover on the battery box and secure
the cover and box to the battery tray with the
battery strap (Figure 3).
Figure 5
10
1. Fuel-tank cap
3. Sprayer-tank cap
2. Battery
4. Platform
Controls
Parking-Brake Lever
The parking-brake lever is located above the platform
on the right side (Figure 7).
Machine Controls
• To engage the parking brake, push the
parking-brake lever down.
Note: The brake lever engages a parking brake
in the transaxle.
• To release the parking brake, pull the lever up.
g304845
Figure 6
1. Control console
2. Steering control
5. Front reference bar
6. Reverse
3. Rear reference bar
4. Motion-control lever
(Neutral position)
7. Forward
g025162
Figure 7
1. Drive-wheel-release lever
2. Platform
3. Park-brake lever
Steering Control
Note: When parking on a steep slope, chock or block
The steering control is located behind the control
console (see Figure 6).
the wheels in addition to engaging the parking brake.
When transporting the machine, engage the parking
brake and bind the machine to the transport vehicle.
• Move the steering control to the right or left to
steer the machine to the right or left respectively.
Drive-Wheel-Release Lever
• Moving the steering control to the center allows
the machine to steer straight.
The drive-wheel-release lever is located above the
platform on the left side (Figure 7).
Motion-Control Lever
Use the drive-wheel-release lever to disengage the
hydrostatic-drive system to move the machine by
hand.
The motion-control lever, located in the center of the
steering control, controls the forward and reverse
motion of the machine (see Figure 6).
• To push or pull the machine, move the
• Move the motion-control lever forward or backward
drive-wheel-release lever up.
to drive the machine respectively.
• To operate the machine, move the
Note: The machine speed is proportional to the
drive-wheel-release lever down.
amount that you move the motion-control lever.
• When you move the motion-control lever to the
center position, the machine should stop.
Note: When you release the motion-control lever,
it should return to the NEUTRAL position.
Important: If the motion-control lever does
not return to the NEUTRAL position when you
release it, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
11
Engine Controls
The hour meter records the number of hours that the
machine has operated. Hour meter time displays
when the key is in the run position and the sprayer
control switch is shut off.
Fuel-Shutoff Valve
The fuel-shutoff valve is located at the front, right side
of the engine below the fuel tank (Figure 9).
Note: Close the fuel-shutoff valve when you do not
use the machine for a few days, transport the machine
to and from the job site, or park the machine inside a
building.
g304856
Figure 8
1. Ignition switch
3. Throttle
2. Choke
4. Engine hour meter
(sprayer and information
display)
g248833
Figure 9
Ignition Switch
1. Fuel-shutoff valve (right side of the engine)
The ignition switch is located at the left side of the
control console (Figure 8).
Use the ignition switch to start and run, or shut off the
engine. The ignition switch has 3 positions: STOP,
RUN and START .
Note: You must engage the parking brake to start
the engine.
Choke Control
The choke control is located at the left side of the
control console; you use it to help start a cold engine
(Figure 8).
Note: Do not start or run a warm engine with the
choke in the ON position.
• Pull up on the choke control to set the choke to
the ON position.
• Push down on the choke control to set the choke
to the OFF position.
Throttle Control
The throttle control (the red lever) is located at the left
side of the control console (Figure 8).
Hour Meter (Sprayer and Information Display)
The hour meter displays in the sprayer and information
display is located to the right of the throttle, at the
bottom of the control console (Figure 8).
12
Spreader Controls
Light Distribution Granular-Gate Lever
The light distribution granular-gate lever is the fifth
lever located at the top center of the control console
(Figure 10).
• To broadcast a narrow pattern of granular material,
pull the light distribution granular-gate lever
rearward fully to the limited OPEN position.
• To close the impeller gate, push the heavy
distribution granular-gate lever forward fully.
Note: Only the heavy distribution granular-gate
lever closes the impeller gate. Pushing the heavy
distribution granular-gate lever forward also resets
the light distribution granular-gate lever to the
forward position.
Spreader-Pattern Control
The spreader-pattern control is located to the right
of the deflector-gate control at the control console
(Figure 10).
g304859
Figure 10
1. Deflector-gate control
5. Spreader-pattern control
2. Heavy distribution
granular-gate lever
6. Impeller control switch
Use the spreader-pattern control to broadcast a
heavier pattern of granular material to the left or right
side of the machine.
3. Light distribution
granular-gate lever
7. Spreader and information
display
• To broadcast a heavier pattern to the left, unlock
the spreader-pattern control, pull the control up
slightly, and lock the control.
4. Flow-rate adjustment
knob—light distribution
granular gate
• To broadcast a heavier pattern to the right, unlock
the spreader-pattern control, push the control
down slightly, and lock the control.
Deflector Gate Control
The deflector-gate control is located to the above the
throttle on the control console (Figure 10).
Flow-Rate Adjustment Knob—light Distribution
Granular Gate
Use the deflector-gate control to temporarily stop
the discharge of granular materials at the left side
of the spreader. Close the deflector gate with the
control when it is not desirable to broadcast granular
materials onto sidewalks, parking lots, or patios.
• Push the knob for the deflector-gate control down
to close the gate and temporarily deflect the
granular materials.
• Pull the knob up to open the deflector gate for full
granular broadcasting.
The flow-rate adjustment knob is located below the
heavy distribution- and light distribution impeller-gate
levers (Figure 10).
Use the flow-rate adjustment knob to control
the discharge rate of granular material from the
hopper onto the impeller when the light distribution
granular-gate lever is in the OPEN position (limited).
Heavy Distribution Granular-Gate Lever
• Rotate the distribution flow-rate-knob
• Rotate the narrow-spreader distribution-flow-rate
knob clockwise to decrease the discharge rate of
granular material from the hopper.
counterclockwise to increase the discharge rate of
granular material from the hopper.
The heavy distribution granular-gate lever is the fourth
lever located at the top center of the control console
(Figure 10).
• To broadcast a wide pattern of granular material,
pull the heavy distribution granular-gate lever
rearward to the full open position.
• To close the impeller gate, push the heavy
distribution granular-gate lever forward full closed
position.
Impeller Control Switch
The impeller control switch is located to the left of the
Impeller-speed display, at the bottom of the control
console (Figure 10).
Use the impeller control switch to run the electric
motor that drives the impeller.
13
Sprayer Controls
Spreader and Information Display
The spreader and information display is located below
the distribution impeller-gate levers at the bottom of
the control console (Figure 10).
The spreader and information display shows the
following information:
• The spreader controller firmware version
• An hour meter for the spreader-impeller motor
• The speed of the impeller motor as a percent of
motor-rotation speed
• Fault codes
Drop-rate Cam and Linkage
The drop-rate cam and linkage are located at the front
of the machine and below the hopper on the spreader
(Figure 11).
g304858
Figure 12
1. Tank-agitation lever
5. Sprayer and information
display
2. Narrow-spray pattern lever 6. Sprayer-pump switch
3. Wide-spray pattern lever
7. Spray-wand pressure
control
4. Sprayer wand
Tank-Agitation Lever
The tank-agitation lever is located on the control
console (Figure 12).
g027033
Figure 11
1. Slot–maximum position
Setting the tank-agitation lever to the ON position
allows the sprayer pump to circulate the content in the
spray tank to keep the chemical solution mixed.
• Pull the tank-agitation lever to circulate the content
in the spray tank.
• Push the lever to stop circulating the content in
the spray tank.
2. Linkage
Use the drop-rate cam to set the maximum amount of
material to be dispensed through the impeller gate
and onto the impeller.
The slot in the cam, after setting 9 on the cam,
allows you to open the impeller gate to the maximum
position. You can use this setting for dry sand, ice
melt, or other materials that are difficult to spread.
Note: Do not use agitation while spraying. Shut
off the tank agitation to ensure proper spray
distribution.
Note: Use cam setting 9 may when you are cleaning
Note: Run the engine speed above idle and run the
out the hopper.
sprayer pump for the tank agitation to work effectively.
Narrow-Spray Pattern Lever
The narrow-spray pattern lever is located on the
control console (Figure 12).
• To turn ON the sprayer in a narrow-spray pattern
(the center nozzle only), pull the narrow-spray
pattern lever toward you.
• To turn OFF the sprayer, push the narrow-spray
pattern lever away from you.
14
Wide-Spray Pattern Lever
Sprayer-Pump Switch
The wide-spray pattern lever is located on the control
console (Figure 12).
The sprayer-pump switch is located to the left of the
hour meter and spray pressure display, on the control
console (Figure 12).
• To turn ON the sprayer in a wide-spray pattern (the
right and left nozzles), pull the wide-spray pattern
lever toward you.
Use the sprayer-pump switch to start the electric
motor that drives the sprayer pump and recirculation
pump, adjust the sprayer system pressure, and shut
off sprayer pump and recirculation pump motors.
• To turn OFF the sprayer, push the wide-spray
pattern lever away from you.
Spray-Wand Trigger and Trigger Lock
Spray-Wand Pressure Control
The spray-wand trigger and trigger lock are located
on the bottom of the spray-wand handle (Figure 12
and Figure 13).
The spray-wand pressure control is located to the
right of the impeller-speed display, at the right side of
the control console (Figure 12).
• To use the spray wand, hold the handle of the
Use the spray-wand pressure control the spray-system
pressure at the spray wand.
wand squeeze the trigger.
• To lock the trigger to the ON position, fully squeeze
Tank Drain Valve
the trigger against the handle and then latch the
trigger lock over the trigger; to unlock the trigger,
unlatch the trigger lock from the trigger.
The tank drain valve is located at the left side and
under the sprayer tank (Figure 15).
• Release the trigger to stop the spray.
Use the tank drain valve to empty the sprayer tank
of liquid chemicals.
g304906
Figure 13
1. Trigger lock
3. Trigger
2. Spray-wand handle
g027226
Figure 14
Sprayer and Information Display
1. Handle (open position)
The sprayer and information display is located to
the right of the throttle, at the bottom of the control
console (Figure 12).
3. Sprayer tank
2. Tank drain valve
• To open the valve, rotate the handle of the tank
drain valve 90° clockwise (lever in-line with valve).
The sprayer and information display shows the
following information:
• To close the valve, rotate the handle 90°
• Sprayer controller firmware version
counterclockwise.
• Hour meter for the engine
Sprayer-Pump-Supply Valve
• Hour meter for the sprayer-pump motor
The sprayer-pump-supply valve is located at the
right side of the machine and under the sprayer tank
(Figure 15).
• Battery voltage
• Spray-system pressure
• Fault codes
15
Specifications
Use the sprayer-pump-supply valve to shut off the
flow of liquid chemicals to the pump.
Overall width
90 cm (35.5
inches)
Overall length
171 cm (67.5
inches)
Overall height
131 cm (51.5
inches)
Weight
Maximum
machine weight
g259738
Figure 15
1. Sprayer tank
3. Handle (open position)
2. Sprayer-pump-supply
valve
• To open the valve, rotate the handle valve 90°
clockwise (lever in-line with valve).
• To close the valve, rotate the handle 90°
counterclockwise.
16
sprayer tank and
hopper empty
227 kg (500 lb)
only hopper full
307 kg (676 lb)
only sprayer tank
full
309 kg (682 lb)
sprayer tank and
hopper empty and
1 extra bag of
granular material
in the tank
412 kg (909 lb)
loaded machine +
operator
≤ 513 kg (1130 lb)
Hopper capacity
79 kg (175 lb)
Spreader Cast
1.2 m (4 ft)
through 6.7 (22
ft)
Sprayer tank
capacity
76 L (20 US
gallon)
Maximum Spray
Width
Narrow pattern
1.5 m (5 ft)
Wide pattern
3.4 m (11 ft)
Maximum ground
speed
forward
9 kph (5.5 mph)
Operation
while using chemicals. Use appropriate personal
protective equipment (PPE) to guard against
personal contact with chemicals, such as the
following:
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the
machine from the normal operating position.
– safety glasses, goggles, and/or face shield
Before Operation
– chemical-resistant gloves
Before Operation Safety
– hearing protection
General Safety
– clean change of clothes, soap, and disposable
towels, to be kept on-hand in the event of a
chemical spill
– rubber boots or other substantial footwear
– respirator or filter mask
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
and attachments are needed to properly and
safely perform the job. Use only accessories and
attachments approved by Toro.
Inspect the area where you will use the equipment,
and remove all rocks, toys, sticks, wires,
bones, and other foreign objects that may be
contaminated by chemicals and/or affect the
stability of the machine.
Wear appropriate clothing, including safety
glasses, substantial slip-resistant footwear, and
hearing protection. Tie back long hair and avoid
loose clothing or jewelry that may get tangled in
moving parts.
Do not operate the machine while people,
especially children, or pets are in the area. Stop
the machine and the attachment(s) if anyone
enters the area.
Do not fill, calibrate, or clean the machine while
people, especially children, or pets are in the area.
Check all sprayer components for wear and leaks
before applying pressure to the system. Do not
use the machine if it is leaking or damaged.
Ensure that the operator platform is clean and free
from chemical residue and debris buildup.
Check that the operator-presence controls, safety
switches, and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate the machine unless they
are functioning properly. Frequently check for
worn or deteriorating components and replace
them with the manufacturer’s recommended parts
when necessary.
• If you are using more than 1 chemical, read the
information about each chemical. Refuse to
operate or work on the spreader-sprayer if this
information is not available.
• Before working on a spreader-sprayer system,
ensure that the system has been triple rinsed and
neutralized according to the recommendations
of the chemical manufacturer(s) and that all the
valves have been cycled three times.
• Verify there is an adequate supply of clean water
and soap nearby, and immediately wash off any
chemicals that contact you.
• Obtain proper training before using or handling
chemicals.
• Use the correct chemical for the job.
• Follow the chemical manufacturer's instructions
for the safe application of the chemical and do
not exceed the recommended system application
pressure.
• Handle chemicals in a well-ventilated area.
• Have clean water available, especially when filling
the spray tank.
• Do not eat, drink, or smoke while working with
chemicals.
• Do not clean spray nozzles by blowing through
them or placing them in your mouth.
• Always wash your hands and other exposed areas
as soon as possible after finishing the work.
• Keep chemicals in their original packages and in a
safe location.
Chemical Safety
• Properly dispose of unused chemicals and
Chemical substances used in the spreader-sprayer
system may be hazardous and toxic to you,
bystanders, animals, plants, soils or other property.
• Carefully read and follow the chemical warning
labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for all
chemicals used and protect yourself according to
the chemical manufacturer's recommendations.
Ensure that as little skin as possible is exposed
chemical containers as instructed by the chemical
manufacturer and your local codes.
• Chemicals and fumes are dangerous; never enter
the tank or hopper, and do not place your head
over or in the opening.
• Follow all local, state, and federal requirements for
spreading and spraying chemicals.
17
Fuel Safety
• Gasoline is harmful or fatal if swallowed.
Long-term exposure to vapors has caused cancer
in laboratory animals. Failure to use caution may
cause serious injury or illness.
Use extreme care when handling fuel.
In certain conditions gasoline is extremely flammable
and its vapors are explosive. A fire or explosion from
gasoline can burn you, others, and cause property
damage.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors on level ground, in an
open area, when the engine is cold. Wipe up any
gasoline that spills.
• Never refill the fuel tank or drain the machine
indoors or inside an enclosed trailer.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Fill the fuel
tank to the bottom of the filler neck. The empty
space in the tank allows the gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where gasoline fumes
may be ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container and keep
it out of the reach of children.
• Add fuel before starting the engine. Never remove
the cap of the fuel tank or add fuel when engine is
running or when the engine is hot.
• If you spill fuel, do not attempt to start the engine.
Move away from the area of the spill and avoid
creating any source of ignition until the fuel vapors
have dissipated.
• Do not operate the machine without the entire
exhaust system in place and in proper working
condition.
• In certain conditions during fueling, static electricity
can be released, causing a spark, which can ignite
gasoline vapors. A fire or explosion from gasoline
can burn you and others and cause property
damage.
– Always place gasoline containers on the
ground away from your vehicle before filling.
– Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle
or on a truck or trailer bed, because interior
carpets or plastic truck bed liners may insulate
the container and slow the loss of any static
charge.
– When practical, remove gasoline-powered
equipment from the truck or trailer and refuel
the equipment with its wheels on the ground.
– If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container rather than from a gasoline-dispenser
nozzle.
– If you must use a gasoline-dispenser nozzle,
keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the
fuel tank or container opening at all times
until fueling is complete. Do not use a nozzle
lock-open device.
– Avoid prolonged breathing of vapors.
– Keep your face away from the nozzle and
gasoline tank or container opening.
– Keep gasoline away from your eyes and skin.
– Never siphon gasoline by mouth.
• To help prevent fires, do the following:
– Keep the engine and the engine area free
from accumulation of grass, leaves, excessive
grease or oil, and other debris that can
accumulate in these areas.
– Clean up oil and fuel spills and remove
fuel-soaked debris.
– Allow the machine to cool before storing the
machine in any enclosure. Do not store the
machine near a flame or any enclosed area
where open pilot lights or heat appliances are
present.
Performing Daily
Maintenance
Before starting the machine each day, perform the
following daily-check procedures:
•
•
•
Checking the Engine-Oil Level (page 59)
Checking the Safety Interlock System (page 18)
Checking the Machine for Loose Hardware (page
71)
Checking the Safety
Interlock System
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
CAUTION
If interlock switch is disconnected or damaged
the machine could operate unexpectedly
causing personal injury.
• Do not tamper with the interlock switch.
• Check the operation of the interlock switch
daily and replace damaged switch before
operating the machine.
Important: Ensure that the safety mechanisms
on your machine are connected and in proper
operating condition prior to operating your
machine.
18
The safety interlock system is designed to prevent the
engine from starting unless you engage the parking
brake.
Using
Stabilizer/Conditioner
Testing the Starter Interlock
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to
provide the following benefits:
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Important: Do not use fuel additives containing
1.
Move the machine to a level surface.
2.
Chock the wheels of the machine.
3.
Disconnect the spark-plug wires.
4.
Release the parking brake.
5.
With the motion-control lever in the NEUTRAL
position turn the key to the START position.
methanol or ethanol.
Add the correct amount of fuel stabilizer/conditioner
to the gasoline.
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective
when mixed with fresh gasoline. To minimize the
chance of varnish deposits in the fuel system, always
use fuel stabilizer.
Note: The starter must not rotate the engine.
Filling the Fuel Tank
• If the starter rotates the engine of your
Fuel tank capacity: 6.8 L (1.8 US gallons)
machine—the machine does not pass
this test, do not operate it. Contact your
authorized Toro distributor.
Note: Refueling the engine is difficult when using a
larger refueling container such as a container with a
19 L (5 US gal) capacity.
To make fueling the machine easier, use a 4 to 8 L (1
to 2 US gal) fuel container and a funnel.
• If the starter does not rotate the engine—the
machine does pass the test: engage the
parking brake, connect the spark-plug wire
to the spark plug, and remove the chock(s)
from the wheels.
Fuel Specification
1.
Park the machine on a level surface and shut
off the engine.
2.
Allow the engine to cool.
3.
Clean around the fuel-tank cap and remove it
(Figure 16).
Petroleum Use unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87
fuel
or higher ((R+M)/2 rating method).
Use an unleaded-gasoline blend with up to 10%
ethanol (gasohol) or 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary
butyl ether) by volume is acceptable. Ethanol and
MTBE are not the same.
Ethanol
blended
fuel
Gasoline with 15% ethanol (E15) by volume is
not approved for use. Never use gasoline that
contains more than 10% ethanol by volume, such
as E15 (contains 15% ethanol), E20 (contains
20% ethanol), or E85 (contains up to 85%
ethanol). Using unapproved gasoline may cause
performance problems and/or engine damage
which may not be covered under warranty.
Important: For best results, use only clean, fresh
fuel (less than 30 days old).
g249048
Figure 16
• Do not use gasoline containing methanol.
• Do not store fuel either in the fuel tank or fuel
4.
containers over the winter unless you use a fuel
stabilizer.
• Do not add oil to gasoline.
Fill the tank with fuel (Figure 16) to within 6 to 13
mm (1/4 to 1/2 inch) from the top of the tank. Do
not fill into the filler neck of the tank.
Important: Do not fill the tank more than
6 mm (1/4 inch) from the top of the tank
because the fuel needs room to expand.
19
5.
Install the fuel-tank cap securely.
6.
Wipe up any spilled fuel.
During Operation
overturn the machine or cause you to lose your
balance or footing.
– Do not operate the machine with damaged
guards, shields, or covers. Always have safety
shields, guards, switches and other devices in
place and working properly.
During Operation Safety
General Safety
– Keep clear of the discharge area at all times.
Use your full attention when operating the machine.
Do not engage in any activity that causes distractions;
otherwise, injury or property damage may occur.
• Running the engine will cause engine parts,
especially the muffler, to become extremely hot.
Severe burns can occur on contact, and debris,
such as leaves, grass, and brush, can catch fire.
– Allow engine parts, especially the muffler, to
cool before touching them.
– Remove accumulated debris from the muffler
and engine area.
• Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, which
is an odorless, deadly poison that can kill you. Do
not run the engine indoors or in a small, confined
area where carbon monoxide fumes can collect.
• Chemicals are hazardous and can cause personal
injury.
– Read the directions on the chemical labels
before handling the chemicals and follow
all manufacturer recommendations and
precautions.
– Keep chemicals away from your skin. Should
contact occur, wash the affected area
thoroughly with soap and clean water.
– Wear goggles, gloves, and any other protective
equipment recommended by the chemical
manufacturer.
– The owner/user can prevent and is responsible
for accidents that may cause personal injury or
property damage.
– This machine was designed for 1 operator only.
Do not carry passengers and keep all others
away from machine during operation.
– Do not operate the machine under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
– Operate only in daylight or good artificial light.
– Do not operate the machine when there is the
risk of lightning.
– Be aware of weather conditions and check
that spray nozzles, patterns, and volume are
suitable.
– Keep away from holes, ruts, bumps, rocks,
and other hidden hazards. Use care when
approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, tall
grass or other objects that may hide obstacles
or obscure vision. Uneven terrain could
– Keep your hands and feet away from moving
parts. If possible, Do not make any adjustments
while engine is running.
• Your hands, feet, hair, clothing, or accessories
can become entangled in rotating parts and cause
serious injury.
– Do not operate the machine without guards,
shields, and safety devices in place and
working properly.
– Keep your hands, feet, hair, jewelry, or clothing
away from rotating parts.
• Be aware of the spreading/spraying path and
direct the discharge away from others. Avoid
discharging material against a wall or obstruction
as the material may ricochet back toward you.
• Be alert, slow down, and use caution when making
turns. Look behind you and to the side before
changing directions. Do not spread or spray in
reverse unless it is absolutely necessary.
• Stop spreading or spraying while making tight
turns to minimize uneven distribution pattern,
application rate, and chemical drift.
• Chemicals may drift and cause injury to people
and animals; it may also damage plants, soil, or
other property.
• Do not change the engine governor setting or
overspeed the engine.
• Ensure that all drives are in neutral and engage
the parking brake before starting the engine.
• Park the machine on level ground. Shut off the
engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, remove
key, and engage the parking brake before doing
the following:
– Checking, cleaning, or working on the machine
– Clearing blockages
– Leaving the machine; do not leave a running
machine unattended.
• Shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, and engage parking brake before refueling.
• Tragic accidents can occur if you are not alert to the
presence of children. Children are often attracted
to the machine and the spreader-spraying activity.
Never assume that children will remain where you
last saw them.
20
– Do not use the spray wand if the trigger lock is
damaged or missing.
– Keep children out of the working area and
under the watchful care of another responsible
adult.
– Do not keep the spray wand in the locked-open
position after you complete the job.
– Be alert and shut off the machine if children
enter the area.
– When draining or relieving the system, Do not
allow anyone to stand in front of the nozzles
and do not drain on a person’s feet.
– Before and while backing or changing direction,
look behind you, down, and side-to-side for
small children.
– Never allow children to operate the machine.
Slope Safety
– Do not carry children, even if the machine is not
in use. Children could fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with the safe operation of
the machine. Children wanting a ride could
appear in the working area without warning and
be run over or backed over by the machine.
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and
rollover accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. You are responsible for safe slope operation.
Operating the machine on any slope requires extra
caution.
• Reduce the weight of the load when operating the
• Review the slope instructions listed below for
machine on hills and rough terrain to avoid tipping
or overturning of the machine.
operating the machine on slopes and to determine
whether you can operate the machine in the
conditions on that day and at that job site.
Changes in the terrain can result in a change in
slope operation for the machine.
• Liquid loads and granular materials can shift. This
shifting happens most often while turning; going
up or down hills; suddenly changing speeds; or
while driving over rough surfaces. Shifting loads
can cause the machine to tip over.
• Operate across slopes, never up and down. Avoid
operation on excessively steep or wet slopes.
• When operating with a heavy load, reduce your
• Identify hazards at the base of the slope.
speed and allow for sufficient stopping distance.
Determine if the slope is safe for machine
operation, including surveying the site. Always
use common sense and good judgment when
performing this survey.
• Reduce the speed and load while operating the
machine on rough terrain, uneven ground, and
near curbs, holes, and other sudden changes in
terrain. Loads may shift, causing the sprayer to
become unstable.
• Avoid starting, stopping, or turning the machine
on slopes. Travel up and down on slopes. Avoid
making sudden changes in speed or direction.
If you must turn the machine, turn it slowly and
gradually downhill, if possible. Use care when
reversing the machine.
• Sudden changes in terrain may cause abrupt
steering wheel movement, possibly resulting in
hand and arm injuries. Reduce the speed when
operating on rough terrain or near curbs.
• Safely relieve liquid from the spray wand every
• Do not operate a machine when you are uncertain
time you shut off the engine.
about the traction, steering, or stability.
• The spray wand traps liquids under high pressure,
• Remove or mark obstructions such as ditches,
even when engine is not running. High-pressure
spray discharge could cause serious injury or
death.
holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden hazards.
Tall grass can hide obstructions. Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine.
– Keep clear of the nozzle and do not direct
spray or stream at people, pets, or non-work
area property.
• Be aware that operating the machine on wet
surfaces, across slopes, or downhill may cause
the machine to lose traction. Loss of traction to the
wheels may result in sliding and a loss of braking
and steering.
– Do not direct the spray on or near electrical
power components or source.
– Do not repair the spray wand, hoses, seals,
nozzle, or other wand components; replace
them.
• Use extreme caution when operating the machine
near drop-offs, ditches, embankments, water
hazards, or other hazards. The machine could
suddenly roll over if a wheel goes over the edge
or the edge caves in. Establish a safety area
between the machine and any hazard.
– Do not attach hoses or other components to
the end of the spray wand nozzle.
– Do not attempt to disconnect the spray
wand from the machine while the system is
pressurized.
21
Operating the Machine
Extending and Retracting the
Operator’s Platform
Extending the Operator’s Platform
1.
Pull the platform-lock knob inward until the pin of
clears the upper hole in the chassis (Figure 18).
g222400
Figure 17
1. Safe Zone — Use the machine here
2. Danger Zone - Use a walk behind machine or a hand held
tool near drop offs, ditches, embankments, water or other
hazards.
3. Water
4. W=width of the machine
5. Keep a safe distance (twice the width of the machine)
between the machine and any hazard.
• Use extra care while operating the machine with
attachments; they can affect the stability of the
machine.
• If the engine stalls or you begin to lose momentum
while climbing a hill, gradually apply the brakes
and slowly back straight down the hill.
g027430
Figure 18
• Always keep the transmission in gear (if applicable)
when you drive the machine down a slope.
1. Platform-lock knob
2. Operator’s platform
• Do not park the machine on an incline.
• The weight of the material in the tank can change
the handling of the machine. To avoid loss of
control and personal injury, follow these guidelines:
– When operating with a heavy load, reduce your
speed and allow for sufficient braking distance.
Do not suddenly apply the brakes. Use extra
caution on slopes.
3. Lower chassis hole
2.
Rotate the operator’s platform down until the pin
of the platform lock aligns with the lower hole in
the chassis (Figure 18).
3.
Move the platform-lock knob outward until the
pin protrudes through the lower hole (Figure 18).
Retracting the Operator’s Platform
– Liquid loads shift, especially while turning,
going up or down slopes, suddenly changing
speeds, or while driving over rough surfaces.
Shifting loads can cause the machine to tip
over.
22
1.
Pull the platform-lock knob inward until the pin
clears the upper hole in the chassis (Figure 18).
2.
Rotate the operator’s platform up until the pin of
the platform lock aligns with the upper hole in
the chassis (Figure 18).
3.
Move the platform-lock knob outward until the
pin protrudes through the upper hole (Figure 18).
Opening and Closing the Fuel
Shutoff Valve
Note: If the engine is warm , push down the
choke lever to the OFF position.
5.
Control fuel flow to the engine with the fuel shutoff
valve as follows:
• To open the fuel-shutoff valve, fully rotate the
handle for the valve left.
• To close the fuel-shutoff valve, fully rotate the
handle of the valve right.
Rotate the ignition switch to the START position;
refer to Ignition Switch (page 12).
Note: When the engine starts, release the
switch.
Important: Do not crank the engine
continuously for more than 10 seconds at a
time. If the engine does not start, allow a 60
second cool-down period between starting
attempts. Failure to follow these guidelines
can overheat the starter motor
6.
If the choke control is in the ON position,
gradually move the lever down, toward the OFF
position as the engine warms up.
Shutting Off the Engine
g248832
Figure 19
1. Fuel tank
Starting the Engine
CAUTION
The machine produces sound levels in excess
of 85 dBA at the operator’s ear, and may
cause hearing loss through extended periods
of exposure.
Wear hearing protection while operating the
machine.
1.
Ensure that the fuel-shutoff valve is open; refer
to Opening and Closing the Fuel Shutoff Valve
(page 23).
2.
Move the steering-control/motion-control
lever in NEUTRAL position and engage the
parking brake; refer to Steering Control (page
11), Motion-Control Lever (page 11), and
Parking-Brake Lever (page 11).
2.
Move the throttle in the midway between the
SLOW and FAST positions; refer to Throttle
Control (page 12).
3.
Run the engine for a minimum of 15 seconds,
then turn the ignition switch to the OFF position;
refer to Ignition Switch (page 12).
4.
Engage the parking brake; refer to Parking-Brake
Lever (page 11).
5.
Remove the key; refer to Ignition Switch (page
12).
6.
Close the fuel-shutoff valve when you are
not using the machine for a few days, when
transporting it, or when it is parked inside a
building; refer to Opening and Closing the Fuel
Shutoff Valve (page 23).
Positioning the Air-Cleaner Cover
for Cold or Warm Air Temperature
Important: Running the engine with the
air-cleaner cover positioned for cold-weather
operation in normal conditions can damage the
engine.
Note: To start the engine, you must engage the
parking brake. (You can start the engine while
you are off the platform.)
4.
Move the steering-control/motion-control lever
to the NEUTRAL position and bring the machine
to a full stop; refer to Steering Control (page 11)
and Motion-Control Lever (page 11).
3. Fuel-shutoff valve (closed
position)
2. Fuel-shutoff valve (open
position)
3.
1.
The air-cleaner cover has 2 positions: the cold or
normal, ambient air positions:
Move the throttle lever midway between the
SLOW and FAST positions; refer to Throttle
Control (page 12).
Adjust the air-cleaner cover as follows:
• When operating in a cold ambient air condition
(cold air temperature and humidity), position the
air-cleaner cover with snowflake decal facing out
(Figure 20).
If the engine is cold, pull up the choke control to
the ON position; refer to Choke Control (page
12).
23
•
Note: Use this position during carburetor icing
Note: The machine moves faster the farther
conditions: low outside air temperature with high
relative humidity. Symptoms include the engine
runs rough at idle or low speed, and it discharges
black or white smoke in the exhaust.
When operating in a normal ambient air condition,
position the air-cleaner cover with sun decal facing
out (Figure 20).
you move the motion-control lever away from
the NEUTRAL position.
Note: Use this position during high outside air
temperature with low relative humidity.
g023827
Figure 20
g020125
1. Normal ambient air
position
Figure 21
2. Cold ambient air position
• To turn left or right, move the steering control
toward the desired turn direction.
Driving the Machine
• To stop the machine, move the motion-control
lever in the NEUTRAL position.
CAUTION
Note: The stopping distance may vary
The machine can turn rapidly by moving
the steering control to the far right or left.
You may lose control of the machine, which
may injure you and others, and damage the
machine.
• Use caution when making turns.
• Slow down the machine before making
sharp turns.
depending on the spreader-sprayer load.
Note: When you release the motion-control
lever, it automatically returns to the NEUTRAL
position.
Driving the Machine in Reverse
Important: If the motion-control lever does not
return to the NEUTRAL position when you release
it, contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Important: To begin moving the machine
(forward or backward), the parking-brake lever
must be released (pulled up) before you move the
motion-control lever.
Driving the Machine Forward
1.
2.
3.
Move the motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL
position.
Release the parking brake.
To drive the machine, perform the following:
• To move the machine forward in a straight
line, center the steering control and move
the motion-control lever forward.
24
1.
Move the motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL
position.
2.
To move the machine rearward in a straight line,
slowly move the motion-control lever rearward.
Using the Spreader and
Information Display
Spreader Screen Icons
Spreader
Off
Motor Overcurrent Error
Voltage Measurement Error
Motor Wire Fault
Motor Open Error
g020126
Figure 22
To turn left or right, move the steering control
toward the desired turn direction.
3.
To stop the machine, move the motion-control
lever to the NEUTRAL position.
Note: Stopping distance may vary depending
on the spreader-sprayer load.
Operating the Spreader
CAUTION
Chemicals are hazardous and can cause
personal injury.
• Read the chemical manufacturer’s
directions on the label before handling
the chemicals; follow all manufacturer
recommendations and precautions.
Percent of Full Speed
Spreader Information Screens
• Keep chemicals away from your skin.
Should contact occur, wash the affected
area thoroughly with soap and clean water.
• Wear eye protection, gloves, and any other
protective equipment recommended by the
chemical manufacturer.
•
Spreader Start-Up Screens (page 25)
•
Default Spreader Screen (page 26)
•
Sprayer Operation Screen (page 39)
•
Spreader Fault Codes (page 75)
Spreader Start-Up Screens
When the key is switched to the RUN position, the
spreader and information display shows the following
screens, each for 2 seconds:
Use the spreader to disperses free-flowing granular
substances such as grass seed, fertilizer, ice melt,
etc. When you use the spreader, first fill the granular
hopper, then apply the granular materials to the work
site, and finally clean the hopper.
Note: The LED status light changes from red, to
orange, and to green.
Important: When you use your spreader,
thoroughly clean it at the end of the day.
25
Note: If the motor is run for eight seconds, the default
screen displays.
g305692
Figure 23
Spreader Firmware Screen
g305328
Figure 26
Spreader Motor Screen
Using the Impeller Control Switch
g305693
Figure 24
Spreader Hours Screen
g305645
Figure 27
Default Spreader Screen
1. Impeller Control Switch
The default screen appears after the initial start-up
screens.
2. Spreader and information
display
Use the impeller control switch (Figure 27) to start
the electric motor that drives the impeller, adjust the
impeller-motor speed, and shut off the impeller motor.
• Tap the top of the impeller control switch to run
the impeller motor.
• Tap the top of the impeller control switch to raise
the impeller rotation speed.
• Tap the bottom of the impeller control switch to
lower the impeller rotation speed.
g305459
• Push the bottom of the impeller control switch for
Figure 25
Spreader default screen
1-second to shut off the impeller motor.
1. Default screen—impeller motor is shut off
Before Operating the Spreader
Before you start using the spreader, calibrate the
spreader for the material that you will disperse; refer
to Calibrating the Spreader (page 27).
Spreader Motor Screen
The spreader motor screen appears if the impeller
control switch is tapped.
Important: Prior to filling the hopper, verify that
you have set the proper spreader-application rate.
26
Calibrating the Spreader
Place 6 additional pans, on each side, with
no gap in between each pan (Figure 29).
Calibrate the spreader each time you use a new
material. The spreader broadcasts material in a
pattern 1.5 to 6.7 m (5 to 22 ft) wide depending on the
material particle size, volume/density, rate of travel,
and wind conditions.
Use the Spreading Charts (page 32) along with
information from Determining the Distribution Pattern
(page 28), Determining the Effective Spreading Width
(page 28), and Calculating the Application Rate (page
28) when calibrating the spreader.
Preparing the Test Site and Machine
Operator supplied equipment: 15 shallow collection
pans and 15 graduated measuring cylinders
g027327
Figure 29
Pan spacing for small granule materials
Note: The most accurate method to measure
the distribution uses shallow collection pans and
graduated measuring cylinders. In the example below,
the 15 shallow collection pans approximately 30 cm
(12 inches) wide, 91 cm (36 inches) long, and 5 cm
(2 inches) tall.
1. Place one pan in the center of the drive path.
Arrange the next two pans, one on each side,
far enough apart to allow adequate room for the
drive tires of the machine to pass around the
center pan.
2. Place the remaining pans in a straight line as
shown in Figure 28 or Figure 29.
• For larger granule materials:
Space 6 additional pans, on each side, 12
inches (30 cm) apart (Figure 28).
1. Spreader moving toward
pans
4. Right collection pans (no
gap between each)
2. Center collection pan
5. L1 and R1 collection pan
gap (spread apart to allow
machine to pass through)
3. Lest collection pans (no
gap between each)
6. Graduated measuring
cylinder
3.
Move the machine far enough away from the
test area (where the collection pans are located)
to ensure that the machine travels at the desired
spreading speed before reaching the site.
4.
Determine the application rate and the related
drop-rate cam setting; refer to Spreading Charts
(page 32).
5.
Rotate the drop rate cam (Figure 30) to the cam
setting you determined in step 4.
g027328
Figure 28
Pan spacing for larger granule materials
g259776
1. Spreader moving toward
pans
4. L1 and R1 collection pan
gap (spread apart to allow
machine to pass through)
2. Center pan
5. 30 cm (12 inch) gap
3. Collection pans (gap
between each)
6. Graduated measuring
cylinder
Figure 30
1. Drop rate cam
6.
• For small granule materials:
27
Fill the hopper approximately half-full with the
desired material; refer to Filling the Spreader
Hopper (page 29).
Determining the Distribution Pattern
1.
Set the spreader pattern control to the middle of
its travel; refer to .
2.
Tap the impeller control switch up or down to
adjust the broadcasting pattern.
3.
Record the effective spreading width here:
.
Record the motor-rotation speed here:
%.
3.
Drive the machine toward the test site at the
appropriate speed.
4.
As you approach the center pan, pull the wide
distribution granular gate control to the open
position, and drive over the center pan.
5.
Close the gate control, move motion-control
lever to the NEUTRAL position, shut off the
engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, remove
key, and engage parking brake.
6.
7.
Preparing the Calibration Course for
Calculating the Application Rate
1.
9.
10.
Determine a course length by dividing 93 m2
(1,000 ft2) by the effective spread width that
you determined in Determining the Effective
Spreading Width (page 28); use the course
length formula. Record the course length
.
here:
Calibration Course Length Formula
Label each graduated measuring cylinder to
correspond with the distribution pans (such as
L2, L1, Center, R1, R2); refer to Figure 28 and
Figure 29.
Formula
Example
One at a time, take a collection pan and dump
the contents into the corresponding graduated
cylinder. Record the amount of material
collected and return the pan to its location.
Repeat this until all pan contents have been
emptied.
2.
Note: Repeat broadcasting over the test site
several times, moving in the same direction
each time, until enough material is dispensed to
the collection pan to half fill a graduated cylinder.
8.
Go to the two corresponding pans. Starting from
the outer edge, measure the distance between
left pan, across the center pan, to the outer edge
of the right pan, and record the measurement.
93 m2 (1,000 ft2)
/ Effective width
measurement
=
Calibration course
length
93 m2 (1,000 ft2)
/ 1.8 m (6 ft)
=
51 m (167 ft)
Note: In this example the effective width
measures 1.8 m (6 ft).
Measure and visibly mark the course length.
Ensure that you allow enough distance before
the starting marker so that the spreader moving
forward at full speed when crossing the first
mark of the course.
Calculating the Application Rate
With the graduated measuring cylinder in the
same straight line as the pans, evaluate the
volume of material in each cylinder to determine
the quality of the distribution from the spreader.
1.
Determine the area and amount of material that
you are applying to the job site and record those
amounts in the area and materials worksheet.
To adjust the spreader pattern, refer to the
Adjusting the Spreader Pattern (page 33).
Record the job site area here:
.
Fill the hopper half-full of the desired material
and repeat steps 1 through 9 until you achieve
a uniform pattern.
Record the amount of job site material here:
.
Initially, use the recommended application rate
indicated in the Spreading Charts (page 32)
section or use the rate recommended listed on
the product manufacturer’s label as a guide to
help determine the amount of material that you
would spread over a 93 m2 (1,000 ft2) area.
2.
Determining the Effective Spreading Width
Use the effective width to determine the uniform
distribution of the material.
Note: The spreading width range is 6 to 8 m (20 to
25 ft).
1.
After the spreader pattern is correctly adjusted,
evaluate the amount of material in the center
graduated measuring cylinder.
2.
Locate the 2 graduated cylinder, one each side
of center, that contain 1/2 the measured amount
of the material that you observed in the center
graduated cylinder.
3.
4.
Note: In this example the calibration course is
1.8 m (6 ft) by 51m (167 ft).
Set the appropriate drop-rate cam setting; refer
to the Spreading Charts (page 32) as a starting
point.
Add material to the hopper.
Note: In this example we added 11.3 kg (25
lb) of material.
28
5.
Drive the spreader over the calibration course
while applying the material.
6.
Empty the remaining material of the hopper into
a clean bucket; refer to Emptying the Spreader
(page 30).
7.
Filling the Spreader Hopper
Maximum hopper weight capacity: 79 kg (175 lb)
Weigh the bucket containing the material and
record the weight. Pour the contents back
into the hopper and then weigh the empty
bucket. Calculate the remaining material weight
using the remaining material weight formula.
Record the remaining material weight here:
.
Remaining Material Weight Formula
Formula
Example
(Remaining
material and
bucket weight) (Bucket weight)
10 kg (22 lb) 1 kg (2 lb)
1.
Drive the machine to the work site.
2.
Move the machine to a level surface, move
motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
3.
Ensure that the heavy distribution granular-gate
lever is in the fully forward (closed) position;
refer to Heavy Distribution Granular-Gate Lever
(page 13).
4.
Use the Spreading Charts (page 32) to
determine the setting for the drop-rate cam
(Figure 31).
= Remaining material
weight
Note: If the setting is not listed for the type of
material that you are using, set the cam to the
setting with a lower value then adjust as needed.
=
9 kg (20 lb)
Note: In this example, 9 kg (20 lb) of material
remain in the hopper after applying the material
to the test course.
8.
Calculate applies material weigh using
the applied material formula that follows.
Record the applied material weight here:
.
Applied Material Weight Formula
Formula
Example
(Original
material weight)
- (Remaining
material weight)
11.3 kg (25 lb)
- 9 kg (20 lb)
=
Applied material
weight
=
2.3 kg (5 lb)
3
Note: This calculation means that at the
selected motor-rotation speed, 2.3 kg (5 lb) of
material was applied to the 93 m2 (1,000 ft2) test
course.
9.
g027326
Figure 31
1. Cover
3. Drop-rate cam
2. Hopper
If necessary, adjust the drop-rate cam to achieve
the recommended application rate. Once you
achieve the correct application rate, repeat
this procedure an additional time to verify your
results.
5.
Remove the cover from the hopper, add the
material that you are spreading, and install the
cover onto the hopper (Figure 31).
Note: Do not overload the hopper; the
maximum weight capacity of the hopper is 79
kg (175 lb).
Important: Designate a new calibration
course each time, so that the turf is not
damaged by excessive application of
material.
Note: You may place 1 extra bag of granular
product on top of the sprayer tank if necessary.
29
Emptying the Spreader
Removing the Impeller
1.
Move the machine to a level surface, move
motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
2.
Empty the hopper by scooping out as much of
the material as possible.
3.
Remove the 4 thumbscrews that secure the front
cover ( below the impeller) to the chassis, and
remove the cover (Figure 32).
g027325
Figure 34
5.
Place a shallow pan under the shaft of the
impeller motor (Figure 34).
Disconnecting the Rate-Gate Linkage
g033530
1.
Figure 32
1. Forward cover
2. Clip nut
4.
3. Thumb screw
Remove the drive pin that secure the impeller to
the shaft of the impeller motor, and remove the
impeller from the shaft (Figure 33 and Figure
34).
g027324
Figure 33
1. Drive pin
3. Impeller
2. Shaft
30
Push the locking sleeve for the gate cable
rearward and lift the cable up from the ball stud
of the rate-gate linkage (Figure 35).
Connecting the Rate-Gate Linkage
1.
Pull the linkage out until it clears the drop-rate
cam (Figure 35).
2.
Move the heavy distribution granular-gate lever
forward.
3.
Attaching the cable to the ball stud at the gate
lever(Figure 35).
Assembling the Impeller
g027304
Figure 35
1. Locking sleeve
4. Drop-rate cam
2. Gate cable
5. Rate-gate linkage
3. Ball stud
2.
Pull the cable off the ball stud (Figure 35).
3.
Rotate the drop-rate cam past position-9 so
that the slot in the cam aligns with the linkage
(Figure 35).
4.
Fully push the rate-gate linkage rearward (Figure
35).
5.
If there is material in the hopper allow the
material to pour into a shallow pan; when the
hopper is empty, remove the pan.
31
1.
Assemble impeller onto the impeller shaft and
secure the impeller with the drive pin.
2.
Align the holes in the front cover with the clip
nuts in the chassis and secure the cover with
the 4 thumbscrews that you removed in step 3
of Removing the Impeller (page 30).
Using the Spreader
Spreading Charts
Note: The cam setting tables for pellet material and the grass seed are provided with permission from the
Brinly-Hardy Company; reference the Brinly-Hardy Company website for more information.
Use these charts as an approximate guideline only. Other factors, such as weather conditions, spreader
operation, and the condition of material affects spreader performance.
Cam Settings for Pellet Material Application
Type
kg per 93 m2 (lb per 1,000 ft2)
Cam Setting — One Pass
Cam Setting — Two Passes
0.5 (1)
3.6
3.1
0.9 (2)
4.0
3.5
1.4 (3)
4.2
3.7
0.9 (2)
3.7
3.2
1.8 (4)
4.7
4.1
2.7 (6)
5.2
4.5
0.9 (2)
3
2.2
1.8 (4)
4.2
3.7
2.7 (6)
4.5
4
0.5 (1)
3.5
3
0.9 (2)
4.2
3.7
1.4 (3)
4.7
4
0.9 (2)
3.5
3
1.8 (4)
4.2
3.8
2.7 (6)
5.2
4.5
0.9 (2)
3.8
3.3
1.8 (4)
4.9
4.1
2.7 (6)
5.9
4.9
Fine Pellets
Mixed Fine Pellets
Small Pellets
Nitrogen Pellets Medium Size
Medium Pellets and Granules
Large Heavy Pellets
Use the chart below for reference only. When spraying and spreading at the same time, set the spread pattern
to twice the width of the spray; this will help avoid striping and streaking. For example, standard spray width =
2.7 m (9 ft) and spread width = 5.4 m (18 ft).
Cam Settings for Grass Seed Application
Type
Bag Weight
Coverage - m2 (ft2)
Cam Setting –
Full Rate
Blue Grass or Red
Top
0.23 kg (0.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
1.25
4
0.45 kg (1 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.0
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.5
4
2.27 kg (.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.5
4
0.45 kg (1 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.0
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.5
4
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
2.75
2.25
6
1.36 kg (3 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.0
2.5
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
3.25
2.75
6
Park, Merion,
Delta, or Kentucky
Bluegrass
Hulled Bermuda
32
Cam Setting –
Half Rate
Spreader Width
Cam Settings for Grass Seed Application (cont'd.)
Type
Mixtures Including
Coarse Seeds
Rye Grasses or Tall
Fescue
Dichondra
Pensacola Bahia
Bag Weight
Coverage - m2 (ft2)
Cam Setting –
Full Rate
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
6.0
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
0.9 kg (2 lb)
93 (1,000)
6.0
6
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.0
6
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
7.75
6
113 kg (4 oz)
93 (1,000)
1.9
8
227 g (8 oz)
93 (1,000)
2.1
8
340 g (12 oz)
93 (1,000)
2.5
8
1.81 kg (4 lb)
93 (1,000)
4.5
3.75
7
2.27 kg (.5 lb)
93 (1,000)
4.75
4.0
7
2.72 kg (6 lb)
93 (1,000)
5.0
4.25
7
Cam Setting –
Half Rate
Spreader Width
Adjusting the Spreader Pattern
If the spreader casts material unequally side-to
side—too light/heavy to one side—(see Figure 36 and
Figure 37), adjust the spreader-pattern.
g304910
Figure 37
g025543
1. Spreader-pattern control
4. Start notch if pattern is
heavy to right side
2. Rotate counterclockwise
to unlock
3. Start notch if pattern is
heavy to left side
5. Rotate clockwise to lock
Figure 36
1. Heavy to left side
3. Heavy to right side
2. Move ramp pattern to
shaded position
Note: Do not adjust the ramps that split the product
2.
flow. Adjust only the front or rear ramp positions.
1.
Unlock the spreader-pattern control by turning
the handle counterclockwise 90° as shown in 2
of Figure 37.
3.
33
Adjust the spreader pattern as follows:
• If the material is broadcast too heavy
at the left side of the machine, pull the
spreader-pattern control up slightly; refer to
3 of Figure 37.
• If the material is broadcast too heavy at
the right side of the machine, push the
spreader-pattern control down slightly; refer
to 4 of Figure 37.
Lock the spreader-pattern control by turning the
handle clockwise 90°; refer to 5 of Figure 37.
Using the Deflector Gate
Spreading Material
1.
Use the deflector-gate control to temporarily stop or
deflect granular material away from sidewalks, parking
lots, patios, or anywhere the granular chemicals are
not desired.
Start the engine, and adjust the throttle midway
between the SLOW and the FAST positions
(Figure 39).
Note: The deflector gate changes the discharged of
materials from the left side of the spreader only.
• Push the knob for the deflector-gate control down
to lower the deflector and temporarily block the
granular material.
• Pull the knob to raise the deflector to cast materials
normally at the left side of the machine.
g305555
Figure 39
1. Deflector-gate control
6. Choke
2. Heavy distribution
granular-gate lever
7. Throttle
3. Light distribution
granular-gate lever
8. Impeller control switch
4. Flow-rate adjustment
knob—light distribution
granular gate
9. Spreader and information
display
5. Ignition switch
g027373
2.
Figure 38
1. Fence
3. Deflector gate lowered
10. Spreader-pattern control
Tap the top of the impeller control switch to run
the impeller motor (Figure 39).
Note: The spreader controller runs the impeller
2. Flowers
motor at the last speed setting to which you
adjusted it.
3.
Move the throttle to the FAST position, and drive
the machine forward.
4.
Open the either the narrow or wide impeller-gate
lever to begin spreading (Figure 40).
Note: Use the flow-rate adjustment knob
to control the discharge rate of the granular
material from the hopper onto the impeller when
34
the light distribution granular-gate lever is in the
OPEN position.
g027497
Figure 40
1. Wide spreader
pattern—variable effective
width to 6.7 m (22 ft)
maximum
5.
2. Narrow spreader
pattern—variable effective
width from 1.5 m (5 ft)
minimum
Evaluate the spread pattern.
Note: If you need to adjustment the spreading
pattern, refer to Adjusting the Spreader Pattern
(page 33).
6.
When you are finished spreading, close the
heavy distribution granular-gate lever.
Note: Only the heavy distribution granular-gate
lever closes the impeller gate. Pushing the
heavy distribution granular-gate lever forward
also resets the light distribution granular-gate
lever to the forward position.
7.
Clean the hopper after each spreading session;
refer to Cleaning and Lubricating the Spreader
(page 50).
Important: Always empty and clean the
spreader immediately after each use. Failure
to do so may cause the chemicals to corrode
the spreader and other components.
35
Spreading Tips
Important: Ensure that you calibrate the spreader before you start using it.
g027374
Figure 41
Spreader path example
1. Narrow distribution-side deflector
lowered
2. Forward
4. Do not spread when turning 180°
7. Gate
5. End of spreading job
3. Effective spreading width—variable 1.5 6. Property fence
to 6.7 m (5 to 22 ft)
• To ensure uniform application, broadcast the material in an overlapping pattern as shown in Figure 41.
Note: The highest amount of material will dispense from the front of the hopper and less material from each
side. You can adjust the distribution pattern to achieve the desired results.
• Watch for changes in the distribution pattern; unequal distribution may lead to striping.
36
Using the Sprayer and Information
Display
Operating the Sprayer
CAUTION
Sprayer Screen Icons
Chemicals are hazardous and can cause
personal injury.
• Read the chemical manufacturer’s
directions on the label before handling
the chemicals; follow all manufacturer
recommendations and precautions.
Sprayer
Hour meter
Battery Voltage
Voltage Error
Motor Overcurrent Error
Motor Wire Fault
• Keep chemicals away from your skin.
Should contact occur, wash the affected
area thoroughly with soap and clean water.
• Wear eye protection, gloves, and any other
protective equipment recommended by the
chemical manufacturer.
Use the sprayer to disperse liquid herbicides,
pesticides, fertilizers, and other substances. Before
using the sprayer ensure that you have cleaned
the tank, plumbing, and nozzles before adding any
chemicals. When you use the sprayer, you first fill the
spray tank, then apply the chemical solution to the
work site, and then when you are finished spraying,
clean the tank. It is important to complete all 3 of
these steps to avoid damaging the sprayer. For
example, Do not mix and add chemicals in the spray
tank the night before and then spray in the morning.
This could lead to separation of the chemicals and
possible cause damage to components of the sprayer.
Motor Open Error
Important: When you use your sprayer,
thoroughly clean it at the end of the day.
Sprayer Information Screens
• Sprayer Start-Up Screens (page 37)
• Default Sprayer Screen (page 38)
• Sprayer Operation Screen (page 39)
• Sprayer Fault Codes (page 76)
LED Lights
The LED is multi-colored to indicate the system status
and is located on the right side of the panel.
• Solid Green — indicates normal operating activity.
• Solid Red — indicates a fault is active.
Sprayer Start-Up Screens
When the key is switched to the RUN position, the
sprayer and information display shows the following
screens, each for 2 seconds:
Note: As each screen displays, the LED status light
changes to green.
37
g305694
g305697
Figure 42
Sprayer Firmware Screen
Figure 45
Battery Voltage Screen
Default Sprayer Screen
The default sprayer screen (Figure 46) displays after
the start-up screens display.
The hour meter records engine hours when the
hourglass symbol flashes. After you turn the key to
the OFF position, the display shuts off after 3 seconds.
g305069
Figure 43
Engine Hours Screen
g305069
Figure 46
1. Default screen (sprayer
and information display)
2. LED status light
g305695
Figure 44
Sprayer Hours Screen
38
3. Engine hours
• Tap the bottom of the sprayer-pump switch to
Sprayer Operation Screen
lower spray-system pressure.
The sprayer operation screen (Figure 47) displays
when you tap the sprayer-pump switch.
• Push the bottom of the sprayer-pump switch for
1-second to shutoff the spray pump.
Calibrating the Sprayer
Note: Before you use the sprayer for the first time
or change the nozzles or when the sprayer is out of
adjustment—calibrate the sprayer for ground speed
and flow rate.
Note: The left and right sprayer boom nozzles are
wide pattern (white) nozzles and the center nozzle is
a narrow pattern (red) nozzle.
Note: Refer to the chemical product label for
application rate recommendations.
The method to calibrate the sprayer flow involves
driving a preset distance, recording the time, and then
measuring the amount of liquid applied during that
time.
g305357
Figure 47
1. Sprayer operation screen
4. Units of measure—PSI
(pounds per square inch)
2. LED status light
5. Spray system pressure
(measured)
Calculating the Ground Speed
Operator supplied equipment: Stop watch capable
of measuring ± 1/10 second.
3. Pressure set point (target)
1.
Using the Sprayer-Pump Switch
Measure and visibly mark a course length used
to calculate the average ground speed. Record
the course length here:
.
Note: In this example the course length is 45.7
m (150 ft).
2.
Add clean water into the spray tank until it is 1/2
full; refer to Filling the Spray Tank (page 44).
3.
Drive the machine to an area far enough away
from the course so that when you are driving
it into the course, the machine travels at the
desired ground speed before reaching the first
marker.
4.
Use a stop watch to measure the time (in
seconds) that it takes the machine to travel the
marked course (45.7 m (150 ft) in this example)
while maintaining the desired ground speed.
Record your course time in the course time
worksheet.
g305644
Figure 48
1. Sprayer and information
display
2. Sprayer-pump switch
Use the sprayer-pump switch (Figure 48) to start
the electric motor that drives the sprayer pump
and recirculation pump, adjust the sprayer system
pressure, and shut off sprayer pump and recirculation
pump motors.
Course Time Worksheet
Time
• Tap the top of the sprayer-pump switch to start the
spray pump.
• Tap the top of the sprayer-pump switch to raise the
spray-system pressure.
39
Test 1
seconds
Test 2
seconds
Test 3
seconds
5.
Repeat steps 2 through 4 an additional 2 times.
6.
Move the sprayer to a level surface, move the
motion-control lever in the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
7.
Average the 3 test run times (in seconds);
use the average course time formula.
Record the average course speed here:
.
Average Course Time Formula
(time 1) + (time
2) + (time 3)
Formula
seconds
3
Example
21.6 + 19.1+
18.4 seconds
= The average time to
drive the course
=
19.7 seconds
3
g027414
8.
Figure 49
Top view of the narrow-pattern-spray nozzle
Calculate the average ground speed; use the
ground speed formula. Record the average
.
ground speed here:
Note: 1 kph = 16.6 m/minute (1 mph = 88
ft/minute)
Ground Speed Formula
Formula
Course length
m (ft) x 60 seconds
Course time (seconds) x
16.7 m/minute (88 ft/minute)
Example 45.7 m (150 ft) x 60 seconds
19.7 seconds x 16.6 m/minute
(88 ft/minute)
1. Spray width = 122 cm (48
inches)
4. Spray distance = 36 cm
(14 inches)
2. Nozzle
3. Spray angle = 120°
5. Front of the machine
• The wide-spray pattern (Figure 50) on this machine
= Ground speed
kph (mph)
is 274 cm (108 inches) wide.
= 8.4 kph
(5.2 mph)
Understanding the Effective Spray Pattern
Width
Note: Sprayer pressure regulator: 2.8 bar (40 psi).
• The narrow-spray pattern (Figure 49) on the
machine is 122 cm (48 inches) wide.
g027415
Figure 50
Top view of the wide-pattern-spray nozzles
1. Spray width = 274 cm (108 4. Spray distance = 61 cm
inches)
(24 inches)
40
2. Nozzle
5. Distance between spray
nozzles = 66 cm (26
inches)
3. Spray angle = 120°
6. Front of the machine
Testing the Sprayer Nozzle Discharge
Collection Worksheet
Left sprayer
nozzle
Operator supplied equipment: Have a stop watch
capable of measuring ± 1/10 second and a container
graduated in 50 ml (1 fl oz) increments.
Note: Ensure that the spray system is clean and
there is 1/2 tank of clean water.
Right sprayer
nozzle
Center sprayer
nozzle
Test
1
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
Test
2
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
Test
3
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
ml (fl oz)
1.
Engage the parking brake and start the engine.
2.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the ON position.
3.
Pull the tank-agitation lever to start the tank
agitation.
8.
Repeat test step 7 for each nozzle an additional
2 times.
4.
Move the throttle to the FAST position.
9.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the OFF position.
5.
Push the tank-agitation lever to the OFF position.
10.
Note: Shut off the agitation to ensure proper
spray pressure and distribution.
6.
Calculate the average quantity of water
discharged for each nozzle; use average
discharge formula.
Average Discharge Formula
Use the sprayer—pump switch to adjust the
sprayer-system pressure to 40 psi (2.8 bar).
Formula
Note: The red and white nozzles installed on
this sprayer have a normal operating pressure
of 40 psi (2.8 bar).
7.
test 1 + test 2
+ test 3
=
The average spray
nozzle discharge in
19.7 seconds
=
0.49 L (16.75 fl oz)
3
Example
475 ml (16.05
center
fl oz) + 507 ml
nozzle—narrow (17.15 fl oz) + 504
pattern (red)
ml (17.05 fl oz)
Align the graduated container under each nozzle
for 19.7 seconds.
Note: Record the amount of water collected
from each nozzle in the collection worksheet.
3
• Right nozzle—record the
•
•
average discharge quantity here:
.
Center nozzle—record the
average discharge quantity here:
.
Left nozzle—record the average discharge
.
quantity here:
Converting the Time and Collection Results
to Flow Rate
1.
g027502
Note: 1 L = 1000 ml
Figure 51
1. Graduated container
Convert the milliliters (fluid ounce) quantities
that you calculated in step 10 of Testing the
Sprayer Nozzle Discharge (page 41) to liters (US
gallons) using the quantity conversion formula.
1 US gallon = 128 fl oz
2. Personal protective
equipment—chemical
resistant gloves
Quantity Conversion Formula
Formula
Result (X) ml (fl oz)
=
(X) L (US gallon)
=
0.49 L (0.13 US
gallon)
0.1 L (128 fl oz)
Example
center
nozzle—narrow
pattern (red)
41
490 ml (16.75 fl oz)
0.1 L (128 fl oz)
A.
B.
C.
2.
Red Nozzle Table
Right nozzle—record the converted
collected-water quantity here:
.
Spray
Pressure
Center nozzle—record the converted
collected-water quantity here:
.
0.7 Bar
Left nozzle—record the converted
collected-water quantity here:
.
Single Nozzle Rate
0.77 L/min
0.20 gpm
26 oz/min
1.06 L/min
0.28 gpm
36 oz/min
1.33 L/min
0.35 gpm
45 oz/min
1.51 L/min
0.40 gpm
51 oz/min
(10 psi)
Calculate the flow rate of each nozzle using the
calculated flow-rate formula.
1.4 Bar
3.
(20 psi)
Calculated Flow-Rate Formula
Formula
Result (X) L (US gallon)
x 60 seconds
=
19.7 seconds
2.1 Bar
(X) L (US
gallon)
(30 psi)
Example center
nozzle—narrow
pattern (red)
.49 L (0.13 US gallon)
x 60 seconds
19.7 seconds
=
3.07 L
(0.40 US
gallon) per
minute
A.
Right nozzle—record the calculated flow
rate here:
.
B.
Center nozzle—record the calculated
.
flow rate here:
C.
Left nozzle—record the calculated flow
.
rate here:
2.8 Bar
(40 psi)
Brown Nozzle Table
Spray
Pressure
Note: If the collected nozzle spray does not
meet the quantity in the Nozzle Application Rate
Tables (page 42), check the nozzles, hoses,
and fittings for leaks, damage, or wear; clean or
replace the spray nozzles if needed.
0.7 Bar
Single Nozzle Rate
0.95 L/min
0.25
gpmgpm
32 oz/min
1.33 L/min
0.35 gpm
45 oz/min
1.63 L/min
0.43 gpm
55 oz/min
1.89 L/min
0.50 gpm
64 oz/min
(10 psi)
Nozzle Application Rate Tables
1.4 Bar
Use the nozzle tables determine sprayer performance:
• Nozzle flow rates at different spray-system
(20 psi)
pressures
• Worn or damaged spray nozzles
2.1 Bar
The tables that follow include application rate
information for TeeJet Turbo FloodJet® wide angle
fat spray tips:
(30 psi)
The table excerpt is provided with permission
from TeeJet® Technologies; reference theTeeJet®
Technologies website for more information.
2.8 Bar
Important: Do not use the green and black
nozzles (not listed) with this machine because the
nozzles exceed the spray pump capacity.
(40 psi)
The nozzle application rate information is based on
water sprayed at 21°C (70°F).
42
Gray Nozzle Table
Spray
Pressure
0.7 Bar
Blue Nozzle Table
Spray
Pressure
Single Nozzle Rate
1.12 L/min
0.30 gpm
0.7 Bar
38 oz/min
(10 psi)
1.4 Bar
1.60 L/min
0.42 gpm
1.4 Bar
54 oz/min
1.98 L/min
0.52 gpm
2.1 Bar
67 oz/min
64 oz/min
2.69 L/min
0.71 gpm
91 oz/min
3.28 L/min
0.87 gpm
111 oz/min
3.79 L/min
1.00 gpm
128 oz/min
(30 psi)
2.28 L/min
0.60 gpm
2.8 Bar
77 oz/min
(40 psi)
(40 psi)
White Nozzle Table
Spray
Pressure
0.7 Bar
0.50 gpm
(20 psi)
(30 psi)
2.8 Bar
1.89 L/min
(10 psi)
(20 psi)
2.1 Bar
Single Nozzle Rate
Determining Application Rate
Use the example results of the calculated speed,
spray width, and nozzle capacity to determine the
application rate.
Single Nozzle Rate
1.51 L/min
0.40 gpm
51 oz/min
Note: The application rate may also be determined
by using the Nozzle Application Rate Tables (page
42), along with the chemical manufacturer’s label of
recommendation.
(10 psi)
1.4 Bar
2.16 L/min
0.57 gpm
The examples below are based on the following
information:
73 oz/min
• Average ground speed = 8.4 kph (5.2 mph)
(20 psi)
• Spray width = 2.7 m (108 inches)
2.1 Bar
2.61 L/min
0.69 gpm
• Number of nozzles = 2
88 oz/min
• Nozzle capacity = 3.0 L/min (0.8 gpm)
Note: The numbers 6 and 600 are constants used in
(30 psi)
2.8 Bar
the formulas shown below.
3.02 L/min
0.80 gpm
Liter per 100 m2 Application Rate
102 oz/min
Single nozzle capacity (Lpm) x Number
of nozzles x 6
(40 psi)
Speed (kph) x Spray width (m)
43
=
L
100 m2
2.99 Lpm x 2 x 6
Using the Sprayer
1.563 L/100 m2(1.5
= qt/1,000 ft2)
8.369 kph x 2.743 m
Before Operating the Sprayer
Some chemicals are more aggressive than others
and each chemical interacts differently with various
materials. Some consistencies of sprayer chemicals
(e.g. wettable powders, charcoal) are more abrasive
and lead to higher-wear rates. If a chemical is
available in a formulation that would provide increased
life to the sprayer, use this alternative formulation.
Liter per Hectar Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (Lpm) x Number
of nozzles x 600
hectar
Speed (kph) x Spray width (m)
2.99 Lpm x 2 x 600
L
=
Calibrate the sprayer before you start the spray
application; refer to Calibrating the Sprayer (page 39).
= 156 L/hectar(16.7 gal/acre)
8.369 kph x 2.743 m
Note: The numbers 544; 136; and 5,940 are
Filling the Spray Tank
constants used in the formulas shown below.
Important: Ensure that the chemicals that you
are using in the sprayer are compatible for use
with O-rings and seals made from fluoroelastomer
material (refer to the chemical manufacturer's
label; it should indicate if it is not compatible). If
you use a chemical that is not compatible with
fluoroelastomer material, the O-rings and seals in
the sprayer can degrade and leak.
Quart per 1,000 ft2 Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 544
1,000 ft2
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
0.79 gpm x 2 x 544
5.2 mph x 108 inches
qt
=
2
= 1.5 qt/1,000 ft 2
(1.5 L/100 macre )
Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed
water in the spray system.
Important: Before applying chemicals to the job
site, verify that you have set the proper application
rate prior to filling the tank.
Gallon per 1,000 ft 2 Application Rate
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 136
0.79 gpm x 2 x 136
5.2 mph x 108 inches
Gallon per Acre Application Rate
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
0.79 gpm x 2 x 5,940
5.2 mph x 108 inches
2.
Ensure that the narrow-spray pattern and
wide-spray pattern levers are in the OFF position
and the handle for the drain valve for the tank
rotated 90° counterclockwise to the is CLOSED
position (Figure 52).
1,000 ft2
ft2
= 0.38 gal/1,000
(1.5 L/100 m2)
Single nozzle capacity (gpm) x Number
of nozzles x 5,940
Move the machine to a level surface, move
motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL position,
shut off the engine, wait for all moving parts to
stop, remove key, and engage parking brake.
gal
=
Speed (mph) x Spray width (inches)
1.
=
gal
acre
= 16.7 gal/acre
(156.1 L/ha)
44
7.
Start the engine and set the throttle midway
between the SLOW and FAST positions.
8.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the ON position
(Figure 54).
g305521
Figure 54
1. Agitation-bypass lever
g027391
Figure 52
4. Hour meter and spray
pressure display
2. Narrow-spray pattern lever 5. Sprayer-pump switch
1. Sprayer-tank cap
4. Drain valve
2. Filler neck
3. Plug
5. Valve handle
3. Wide-spray pattern lever
9.
3.
10.
Determine the amount of water needed to mix
the amount of chemical needed as specified by
the chemical manufacturer.
4.
Open the tank cap on the spray tank (Figure 52).
5.
Add 3/4 of the required water to the sprayer tank
through the filler neck.
Pull the tank-agitation lever to the ON position.
Note: The water in the tank will circulate.
11.
Add the specified amount of chemical
concentrate to the tank as directed by the
chemical manufacturer.
Important: If you are using a
Important: Always use fresh, clean water
wettable-powder chemical, mix the
powder with a small amount of water to form
a liquid slurry before adding the chemical
mixture to the tank.
in the spray tank. Do not pour chemical
concentrate into an empty tank.
6.
Move the throttle to the FAST position.
Rotate the pump-shutoff valve clockwise to the
OPEN position (Figure 53).
12.
Add remaining water to the tank and install cap
onto the filler neck of the tank.
Note: Allow the content of the sprayer tank to
mix thoroughly.
Emptying the Sprayer Tank
Operator supplied equipment:
• A drain hose with a 1/2–14 inch NPT male coupling
• A drain container (capacity varies with remaining
sprayer tank content)
• PTFE thread sealant
g027392
1.
Figure 53
1. Strainer (sprayer tank)
2. Pump-shutoff valve
45
Move the machine to a level surface at the
designated area for emptying and cleaning the
sprayer tank, move motion-control lever to the
NEUTRAL position, shut off the engine, wait for all
tank. For the agitation feature to work, set the
sprayer-pump switch to the ON position, pull back
the tank-agitation lever, and run the engine at high
idle. If you shut off the machine and agitation
is needed, leave the motion-control lever in the
NEUTRAL position, engage the parking brake,
increase the throttle to the FAST position, start the
sprayer pump and run tank agitation.
moving parts to stop, remove key, and engage
parking brake.
2.
Remove the plug from the drain valve for the
sprayer tank (Figure 55).
Note: The drain valve is located at the left side
of the machine.
Note: Calibrate the sprayer before you start the spray
application; refer to Calibrating the Sprayer (page 39).
1.
Tap the sprayer-pump switch to the ON position.
2.
Drive the machine to the job site.
3.
Push the tank-agitation lever to the OFF position.
Note: There is some agitation effect even while
the tank-agitation lever is in the OFF position.
Use the sprayer-pump switch to adjust the spray
pressure to the setting that you determined in
Nozzle Application Rate Tables (page 42).
5.
Move the narrow or wide-spray pattern lever to
the ON position and begin spraying.
Important: Do not use both the narrow and
wide controls at the same time.
g025542
Figure 55
1. Drain valve
4.
2. Plug
3.
Thread a drain hose (operator provided) into the
end of the drain valve.
4.
Put the free end of the drain hose into a
container with enough capacity to hold the
remaining content of the sprayer tank.
Note: Use the quantity marks at the front,
left side of the sprayer tank for determine the
quantity of chemical solution in the tank.
5.
Rotate the handle for the drain valve clockwise
90° to drain the tank (Figure 55).
Allow the sprayer tank to drain completely.
6.
7.
Apply PTFE thread sealant to the threads of the
plug.
g027299
Figure 56
Narrow-spray pattern
Close the tank-drain valve, remove the drain
hose, and install the drain plug into the valve
(Figure 55).
1. Overlap area
Note: Dispose of the sprayer chemicals
according to local codes and the chemical
manufacturer's instructions.
Spraying with the Sprayer Boom
Important: To ensure that your chemical
solution remains well mixed, use the agitation
feature whenever you have solution in the
46
2. Effective spray area
g027299
Figure 57
Wide-spray pattern
1. Overlap area
6.
2. Effective spray area
When you finish spraying, push forward the
spray-pattern levers and set the sprayer-pump
switch to the OFF position.
Note: If you need to continue to mix the sprayer
tank contents, leave the sprayer-pump switch in
the ON position, and pull the tank-agitation lever.
47
Spraying Tips
g027300
Figure 58
1. Overlap area—narrow spray pattern
6. Sprayer Off—do not spray when turning the machine 180°
2. Effective spray area
7. End of spraying job
3. Forward
8. Property fence
4. Overlap area—wide spray pattern
9. Gate
5. 2.4 m (8 ft)
• Do not overlap the effective spray area that you
•
•
•
•
•
to the OFF position. Alternatively, if an anti-foaming
agent compatible with the existing chemical—add the
anti-foaming agent according to the manufacturer’s
instructions.
have previously sprayed (see Figure 58).
Watch for plugged sprayer nozzles.
Move the narrow-and wide-spray pattern levers
to the OFF position to stop the spray flow before
stopping the motion of the machine. Once
stopped, leave the motion-control lever in NEUTRAL
and leave the sprayer-pump switch in the ON
position.
You obtain better results if the machine is moving
when spray controls are turned ON.
Ensure adequate pump pressure for proper spray
distribution by push the tank-agitation lever to the
OFF position.
Watch for changes in the application rate.
Changes in the application rate indicate that your
ground speed has changed beyond the operating
range of the nozzles or there is a problem with the
sprayer system.
Note: When the tank is nearly empty, the tank
agitation may cause foaming of the chemical solution
in the tank. In this case, push the tank-agitation lever
48
Spraying with the Spray Wand
3.
WARNING
Adjust the pump pressure to the spray wand
perform the following:
• To increase the pump pressure to the
wand, rotate the wand-pressure control
counterclockwise (Figure 60).
The spray wand traps liquids under
high pressure, even when engine is off.
High-pressure spray discharge could cause
serious injury or death.
• Keep clear of the nozzle and do not direct
the spray or stream from the wand at
people, pets, or non-work area property.
• Do not direct the spray at or near
electrical-power components or source.
• Do not repair the spray wand, hoses, seals,
nozzle, or other wand components; always
replace them.
g304905
• Do not attach the hoses or other
components to the nozzle at the end of the
spray wand.
Figure 60
1. Sprayer wand pressure control
• Do not attempt to disconnect the spray
wand from the machine while the sprayer
system is pressurized.
• To decrease pressure to the wand, rotate the
• Do not use the spray wand if trigger lock is
damaged or missing.
• Fully open the wand-pressure control, and
wand-pressure control clockwise direction
(Figure 60).
use the sprayer-pump switch to adjust
pressure to the wand.
• Rotate the spray-wand lock to the OFF
position when job is complete.
1.
• To shut off the pressure to the wand, rotate
the wand-pressure control clockwise until the
valve for the control is closed (Figure 60).
Remove the wand from the holder at the right
side of the machine (Figure 59).
4.
Squeeze the trigger to the spray-wand handle
to begin spraying; lock the trigger in place if
desired (Figure 59).
5.
When finished spraying, if you locked the trigger
of the spray-wand—unlock it, and release the
trigger (Figure 59)
6.
Rotate the sprayer-wand pressure control
clockwise to the OFF position (Figure 60).
7.
Insert the wand into the wand holder (Figure 59).
After Operation
g305609
Figure 59
1. Trigger lock
4. Wand
2. Trigger
5. Nozzle
After Operation Safety
General Safety
3. Wand holder
2.
• Park the machine on level ground and allow it to
Firmly grip the spray wand and point it in the
direction that you will spray.
cool. Never allow untrained personnel to service
the machine.
Note: The wand may recoil; ensure that you
• Disengage the spray or close the spreader gate,
hold it securely.
set the parking brake, shut off the engine, and
49
remove the key or disconnect the spark-plug wire.
Wait for all movement to stop before adjusting,
cleaning or repairing the machine.
• Clean the machine as stated in Cleaning and
Lubricating the Spreader (page 50) and Cleaning
the Sprayer (page 51)
• Frequently check for worn or deteriorating
components that could create a hazard. Tighten
loose hardware.
• Shut off the fuel when storing or transporting the
machine. Do not store fuel near flames or drain
fuel indoors.
g304904
Cleaning and Lubricating
the Spreader
1. Hopper screen
Service Interval: After each use
6.
Rotate the hopper screen down.
Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed
water to clean the machine.
7.
Disconnect the hopper rate-gate cable, place
the rate gate dial to a setting lower than
the maximum open position, and allow the
spreader-sprayer to empty completely; refer to
Emptying the Spreader (page 30).
8.
Connect the hopper rate-gate cable; refer to
Connecting the Rate-Gate Linkage (page 31).
9.
Apply water-displacing lubricant to the
components as shown in Figure 62.
1.
Drive the machine to a designated cleaning area
with a level surface.
2.
Move the motion-control lever in the NEUTRAL
position, shut off the engine, wait for all moving
parts to stop, remove key, and engage parking
brake.
3.
Empty the hopper; refer to Emptying the
Spreader (page 30).
4.
Using a hose to spray the inside and outside of
the entire spreader with clean water.
Figure 61
Note: Do not use a power washer to clean
the machine. The high-pressure water
can force residual-corrosive materials into
sprayer-spreader components.
5.
Tilt the screen at the bottom of the hopper
forward to clean the bottom hopper components
(Figure 61).
g027297
Figure 62
50
Cleaning the Sprayer System and
Wand
Cleaning the Sprayer
Service Interval: After each use
Important: Always empty and clean the sprayer
immediately after each use. Failure to do so may
cause the chemicals to dry or thicken in the lines,
clogging the pump and other components.
WARNING
Swallowing or inhaling chemicals could cause
serious injury or death.
1.
• Do not clean sprayer nozzles using your
mouth or blowing through the nozzles.
Pull back both narrow and wide-spray pattern
levers to the ON position (Figure 63).
The sprayer nozzles begin spraying.
• Replace all worn and damaged sprayer
nozzles.
2.
• Ensure that the nozzles are installed
correctly.
Allow the rinse water in the tank to spray through
the nozzles.
3.
Check that all 3 nozzles are spraying correctly.
4.
Remove the sprayer wand from the holder, point
the wand in a safe direction, and squeeze the
trigger; refer to Spray-Wand Trigger and Trigger
Lock (page 15).
Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed
water to clean the machine.
Preparing the Machine
1.
2.
3.
Note: Allow the rinse water to discharge from
the wand for 1 to 2 minutes.
Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying the
Sprayer Tank (page 45).
5.
Fill the sprayer tank with 19 L (5 US gallons) or
more of clean water and install the cap; refer to
Filling the Spray Tank (page 44).
Release the trigger for the wand and return it to
the holder on the machine (Figure 8).
6.
Move the spray-pattern levers forward to the
OFF position, set the sprayer-pump switch to the
OFF position, and shut off the engine (Figure 63).
7.
Clean the strainer; refer to Cleaning the Strainer
(page 52).
8.
Repeat steps 2 through 7 using cleaners and
neutralizers recommended by the chemical
manufacturers; refer to Filling the Spray Tank
(page 44).
9.
Repeat steps 2 through 7 using clean water only.
Engage the parking brake, move the
steering-control/motion-control lever to the
NEUTRAL position, and start the engine (Figure
63); refer to Starting the Engine (page 23).
Cleaning the External Components
1.
Using a hose to wash off the outside of the
sprayer tank with clean water.
Note: Do not use a power washer to clean
the machine. The high-pressure water
may force residual corrosive materials into
spreader-spreader components.
g305510
Figure 63
1. Ignition switch
5. Choke
2. Agitation-bypass lever
6. Throttle
2.
3. Narrow-spray pattern lever 7. Sprayer-pump switch
Note: Replace damaged or worn nozzles.
4. Wide-spray pattern lever
4.
Tap the sprayer-pump switch to the ON position,
and set the engine throttle to FAST position
(Figure 63).
5.
Pull the tank-agitation lever to the ON position
(Figure 63).
Remove and clean the sprayer nozzles; refer to
Cleaning the Sprayer Nozzle (page 53).
3.
51
Allow the spreader-sprayer to completely dry
before the next use.
Cleaning the Strainer
Service Interval: After each use
Important: If you used wettable-powder
chemicals, clean the strainer after each time that
you rinse the sprayer tank.
1.
Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying the
Sprayer Tank (page 45).
2.
Rotate the handle of the pump-shutoff valve 90°
counterclockwise to the CLOSE position (Figure
64).
g027402
Figure 65
g249175
Figure 64
1. Strainer
1. Strainer body
3. Screen
2. Gasket
4. Strainer bowl
2. Pump-shutoff valve
5.
3.
Align a drain pan under the strainer (Figure 64).
4.
Rotate the strainer bowl counterclockwise and
remove the bowl and screen from the body of
the strainer (Figure 65).
Allow any residual chemical solution to drain
from the strainer body.
Note: Dispose of the waste solution according
to local codes and the chemical manufacturer's
instructions.
Note: Remove the strainer bowl by hand.
6.
Note: Replace the gasket or screen or both if
these parts are worn or damaged.
Use a soft-bristle brush and clean water to clean
the screen and bowl.
7.
Install the screen into the strainer body (Figure
65).
8.
Install the gasket and strainer bowl onto the
strainer body, and hand tighten the bowl (Figure
65).
9.
Rotate the handle of the pump-shutoff valve 90°
clockwise to the OPEN position (Figure 64).
52
Cleaning the Sprayer Nozzle
Transporting the Machine
Service Interval: After each use
Machine weight: 227 kg (500 lb)—both sprayer tank
and hopper empty; 389 kg (857 lb)—both sprayer
tank and hopper full
1.
Rotate the nozzle cap 90° counterclockwise and
remove the cap from the nozzle body (Figure
66).
CAUTION
This machine does not have turn signals,
lights, reflective markings, or a slow
moving vehicle emblem. Driving on a street
or roadway without such equipment is
dangerous and can lead to accidents causing
personal injury.
Do not drive the machine on a public street
or roadway.
Note: Refer to the chemical warning product
label(s) before transporting the machine and follow
all local/state/federal requirements for transporting
chemicals.
Note: Make sure that the spreader hopper cover and
the spray wand are secure before transporting.
g027398
Figure 66
1. Nozzle body
5. Nozzle cap
2. Strainer
3. Gasket
4. Sprayer tip
6. Atomizer
7. Slot
8. Regulator case
2.
Loading the Machine
WARNING
Loading a machine onto a trailer or truck
increases the possibility of tip-over and could
cause serious injury or death.
• Use extreme caution when operating a
machine on a ramp.
• Back the machine up the ramp and walk it
forward down the ramp.
• Avoid sudden acceleration or deceleration
while driving the machine on a ramp as
this could cause a loss of control or a
tip-over situation.
• Do not attempt to turn the machine while
on the ramp; you may lose control and
drive off the side.
• Use only a single, full-width ramp; do not
use individual ramps for each side of the
machine.
• If you must use individual ramps, use
enough ramps to create an unbroken ramp
surface wider than the machine.
Remove the sprayer tip, gasket, and strainer
from the nozzle body (Figure 66).
Note: Replace any worn or damaged nozzle
parts.
3.
Use a soft-bristle brush and clean water to clean
the nozzle tip, gasket, and strainer.
4.
Assemble the strainer into the nozzle body
(Figure 66).
5.
Assemble the sprayer tip and gasket into the
nozzle cap (Figure 66).
6.
Install the tip, gasket, and cap onto the nozzle
body (Figure 66).
Note: Use the slot to rotate the atomizer (Figure
66) of the sprayer tip forward (in-line with the
flow-regulator case of the nozzle body).
7.
Rotate the nozzle cap 90° clockwise (Figure 66).
8.
Repeat steps 1 through 7 for the 2 other sprayer
nozzles.
Use a heavy-duty trailer or truck to transport the
machine. Ensure that the trailer or truck has all
the necessary brakes, lighting, and marking as
required by law. Please carefully read all the safety
instructions.
53
1.
If using a trailer, connect it to the towing vehicle
and connect the safety chains.
2.
If applicable, connect the trailer brakes.
3.
Lower the ramp.
4.
Raise the operator platform.
5.
Back the machine up the ramp (Figure 67).
4.
Use the tie-down points on the machine to
securely bind the machine to the trailer or truck
with straps, chains, cable, or ropes (Figure 68).
Refer to local regulations for trailer and tie-down
requirements.
g306402
Figure 67
g033507
Figure 68
1. Back the machine up the
ramp.
6.
2. Walk the machine forward
down the ramp.
1. Front tie-down points
Secure the machine; refer to Securing the
Machine for Transport (page 54).
Securing the Machine for
Transport
WARNING
Securing the machine at any upper frame
location could cause the parking brake to not
function properly, which could cause serious
injury or death.
Only use the front tie-down locations at the
lower frame to secure the front of the machine.
Only use the rear tie-down locations at the
back of the frame to secure the back of the
machine.
Note: Refer to the chemical-warning-product
label(s) before transporting the machine and follow
all local/state/federal requirements for transporting
chemicals.
Note: Ensure that the spreader-hopper cover and the
spray wand are secure before transporting.
1.
At the left side of the machine, ensure that the
shutoff valve for the sprayer tank is closed and
the drain plug is secure. At the right side of the
machine, ensure that the pump-shutoff valve is
closed.
2.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and engage
the parking brake.
3.
Close the fuel valve and block the tires.
54
2. Rear tie-down points
Maintenance
Maintenance Safety
could be dangerous. The mechanical or hydraulic
jacks may not be enough support or may
malfunction, allowing the machine to fall and cause
possible injury. Do not rely solely on mechanical
or hydraulic jacks for support. Use adequate jack
stands or equivalent support.
• While performing maintenance on the machine,
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
someone could start the engine. Accidental
starting of the engine could seriously injure you or
others. Remove the key from the ignition switch,
engage parking brake, and pull the wire(s) off the
spark plug(s) before you do any maintenance.
Also, push the wire(s) aside so that it does not
accidentally contact the spark plug(s).
The engine can become very hot. Touching a hot
engine can cause severe burns. Allow the engine
to cool completely before servicing or repairing
around the engine area.
Park the machine on level ground and allow it to
cool. Never allow untrained personnel to service
the machine.
Disengage the spray or close the spreader gate,
set the parking brake, shut off the engine, and
remove the key or disconnect the spark-plug wire.
Wait for all movement to stop before adjusting,
cleaning, or repairing the machine.
Disconnect the battery or remove the spark-plug
wire before making any repairs. Disconnect the
negative terminal first and the positive terminal
last. Connect positive terminal first and negative
terminal last.
Relieve the pressure from the spray system before
servicing the machine.
Empty the tank and/or hopper before tilting the
machine for maintenance and before storage.
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure can
penetrate skin and cause injury. Fluid accidentally
injected into the skin must be surgically removed
within a few hours by a doctor familiar with this
form of injury; otherwise, gangrene may result.
– If equipped, ensure that all hydraulic fluid
hoses and lines are in good condition and
that all hydraulic connections and fittings are
tight before applying pressure to the hydraulic
system.
– Keep your body and hands away from pinhole
leaks or nozzles that eject high-pressure
hydraulic fluid.
– Use cardboard or paper, not your hands, to
find hydraulic leaks.
– Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic
system by placing the motion-control levers
in neutral and shutting off the engine before
working on the hydraulic system.
Raising the machine for service or maintenance
relying solely on mechanical or hydraulic jacks
• Carefully release the pressure from components
with stored energy.
• Keep your hands and feet away from moving
parts. If possible, do not make adjustments while
the engine is running. If the maintenance or
adjustment procedure requires the engine to be
running and components moving, use extreme
caution.
• Contact with moving parts or hot surfaces may
cause personal injury. Keep your fingers, hands,
and clothing clear of rotating components and hot
surfaces.
• Check all bolts frequently to maintain their proper
tightness.
55
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
After the first 10 hours
• Change the engine oil.
Before each use or daily
•
•
•
•
•
Check the safety interlock system.
Test the starter interlock.
Check air cleaner; replace if dirty (more often under severe conditions).
Check the engine-oil level.
Check the machine for loose hardware.
After each use
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean and lubricate the spreader.
Clean the sprayer system.
Clean the strainer.
Clean the sprayer nozzles.
Clean the engine and the exhaust system area.
Clean the grass and debris buildup from the machine.
Every 50 hours
• Check the pressure in the tires.
• Service the transaxle.
• Check sprayer system.
Every 80 hours
• Remove the engine shrouds and clean the cooling fins.
Every 100 hours
• Lubricate the grease fittings.
• Replace the dual element air filter.
• Change the engine oil (more often under severe condition).
• Check the battery.
Monthly
• Torque the axle bolts.
Yearly
Yearly or before storage
• Prepare the machine for storage.
Notation for Areas of Concern
Inspection performed by:
Item
Date
Information
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Important: Refer to your engine owner’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
56
Pre-Maintenance
Procedures
Lubrication
Lubricating the Grease
Fittings
Preparing the Machine
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
WARNING
Grease type: National Lubricating Grease Institute
(NGLI) grade No. 2 multi-purpose gun grease.
While you are maintaining or adjusting the
machine, someone could start the engine.
Accidentally starting the engine could
seriously injure you or other bystanders.
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Wipe the grease fittings clean with a rag (Figure
70).
Remove the key from the ignition, engage
parking brake, and pull the wire(s) off the
spark plug(s) before you do any maintenance.
Also push the wire(s) aside so it does not
accidentally contact the spark plug(s).
Perform the following before servicing, cleaning, or
making any adjustments to the machine.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface.
2.
Shut the wide-distribution impeller-gate for the
spreader and shut off the sprayer-pump switch.
3.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
4.
Engage the parking brake.
5.
Wait for all moving parts to stop allow the engine
to cool before servicing, storing, or making
repairs.
6.
Disconnect the spark-plug wire (Figure 69).
g027437
Figure 70
g258042
Figure 69
1. Spark-plug wire
57
1. Wheel bearings (2)
3. Front axle pivot
2. Kingpin pivots (2)
4. Steering control pivot
3.
Connect a grease gun to the fittings (Figure 70).
4.
Pump grease into the fittings until grease begins
to come out of the bearings.
5.
Wipe up any excess grease.
Engine Maintenance
3.
Rinse the pre-cleaner and allow it to air dry.
4.
Lightly oil pre-cleaner with new engine oil;
squeeze out excess oil.
Servicing the Air Cleaner
Installing the Foam and
Paper-Filter Elements
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Every 100 hours
Important: Do not operate the engine without the
1.
air filter assembly; extreme engine damage may
occur.
Important: Do not to clean the air-filter
Removing the Foam and Paper
Elements
1.
2.
3.
Remove and inspect the paper air-filter element
(Figure 71); if the air-filter element is excessively
dirty, replace it.
element.
2.
Wipe clean the air-filter base with a moist rag.
Move motion-control lever to the NEUTRAL
position, shut off the engine, wait for all moving
parts to stop, remove key, and engage parking
brake.
3.
Release the latches on the cover for the air
cleaner.
Install the foam pre-cleaner onto the air-filter
element (Figure 71).
4.
Remove the cover and thoroughly clean it
(Figure 71).
Install the air filter assembly to the air-filter base
(Figure 71).
5.
Align the arrow decal on the air-cleaner cover
and the arrow decal on the base (Figure 72).
Note: Be careful to prevent dirt and debris from
entering the air duct leading to the carburetor.
Note: Be careful to prevent dirt and debris from
falling into the base.
g023809
Figure 72
1. Alignment-arrow decal (normal ambient air position shown)
6.
g249201
Secure the air-filter cover to the base with the
latches.
Figure 71
1. Air-cleaner cover
2. Foam pre-cleaner
3. Air-filter element
4. Air-filter base
Engine Oil Specification
Oil Type: Toro 4-Cycle Premium Engine Oil or a
high-quality detergent oil (including synthetic) API
service SJ or higher
Cleaning the Foam Filter Element
1.
Remove the foam pre-cleaner from the paper
element.(Figure 71).
2.
Wash the pre-cleaner with warm water and a
mild detergent.
Oil viscosity: Refer to the table below.
58
5.
Insert the dipstick from the engine as shown in
Figure 76.
Note: Do not thread the dipstick into the filler
neck when checking the engine oil level.
g023796
Figure 73
Checking the Engine-Oil
Level
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
g257927
Figure 76
1. Dipstick
3. Minimum oil level
2. Maximum oil level
g033503
Figure 74
6.
Note: The engine oil level must cover the
Important: Do not operate the engine with the oil
hatch-marked area of the dipstick (Figure 76).
level below the Low (or Add) mark on the dipstick,
or over the Full mark.
1.
Move the machine to a level surface.
2.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
3.
Allow the engine to cool.
4.
Remove the dipstick from the engine and wipe
the dipstick with a clean rag (Figure 75).
Remove the dipstick from the filler neck and look
at the oil level in the dipstick (Figure 76).
7.
If the oil level is low, wipe off the area around
the filler neck and add the specified oil until the
oil level is between the hatch marked areas on
the dipstick.
Important: Do not overfill the engine with
oil.
8.
Hand tighten the dipstick into the filler neck
(Figure 75).
Changing the Engine Oil
Service Interval: After the first 10 hours
Every 100 hours (more often under severe
condition).
Draining the Engine Oil
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and wait
for all moving parts to stop before leaving the
operating position.
g257928
Figure 75
1. Dipstick
2. Filler neck
59
3.
Align a drain pan with a capacity of 1.5 L (1.6
US qt) or greater below the drain valve at the
bottom of the skid plate and inboard from the
battery tray (Figure 77).
g257928
Figure 78
1. Dipstick
g258081
2. Filler neck
2.
Slowly pour 1.1 L (1.2 US qt) of the specified oil
into the crank case of the engine through the
filler neck (Figure 78).
3.
Insert the dipstick from the engine as shown in
Figure 79.
Note: Do not thread the dipstick into the filler
neck when checking the engine oil level.
g258082
Figure 77
Bottom of the machine
1. Front of the machine
4. Skid plate
2. Hex-head stem
5. Battery tray
3. Drain valve
4.
Open the drain valve by rotating the hex-head
stem of the valve counterclockwise with a
wrench (Figure 77).
Note: Allow the engine oil to drain completely.
5.
Close the drain valve clockwise until the valve is
fully seated (Figure 77).
g257927
Figure 79
Note: Wipe clean any residual oil from the drain
valve.
1. Dipstick
3. Minimum oil level
2. Maximum oil level
Adding Engine Oil to the Engine
4.
Important: Do not operate the engine with the oil
level below the Low (or Add) mark on the dipstick,
or over the Full mark.
1.
Remove the dipstick from the filler neck and look
at the oil level in the dipstick (Figure 79).
Note: The engine oil level must cover the
hatch-marked area of the dipstick (Figure 79).
Remove the dipstick from the filler neck of the
engine and wipe clean the dipstick with a rag
(Figure 78).
5.
If the oil level is low, add the specified oil into the
engine until the oil level is between the hatch
marked areas on the dipstick.
Note: Do not overfill the engine with oil.
60
6.
Hand tighten the dipstick into the filler neck
(Figure 78).
Servicing the Spark Plug
Spark Plug Specification
Spark plug type: Champion® RC12YC, Kohler® 12
132 02-S, or Kohler 25 132 14-S (RFI compliant)
g008794
Figure 81
Removing the Spark Plug
1.
2.
Installing the Spark Plug
Tighten the spark plug as follows:
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
• New spark plug—12 to 15 N∙m (8.7 to 10.8 ft-lb)
• In-service spark plug—23 to 27 N∙m (16.6 to 19.5
Remove the spark plug as shown in Figure 80.
ft-lb)
g008795
Figure 82
g033508
Cleaning the Spark Arrester
Required parts: muffler gasket; refer to the parts
catalog for your engine.
1.
g008791
Figure 80
Remove the 2 flange bolts that secure the
muffler to the exhaust-outlet flange of the
engine, and remove the muffler (Figure 83).
Note: Discard the old muffler gasket.
Checking the Spark Plug
Spark-plug gap: 0.76 mm (0.030 inch)
Important: Do not clean the spark plug(s).
Always replace the spark plug(s) when it has a
black coating, worn electrodes, an oily film, or
cracks.
If you see light brown or gray on the insulator, the
engine is operating properly. A black coating on the
insulator usually means the air cleaner is dirty.
g259313
Use a gapping tool/feeler gauge to check and adjust
the air gap to 0.76 mm (0.030 inch).
Figure 83
61
2.
Fuel System
Maintenance
Remove the screws that secure the heat shield
to the muffler, and remove the heat shield
(Figure 84).
Draining the Fuel System
1.
Close the fuel-shutoff valve; refer to Opening
and Closing the Fuel Shutoff Valve (page 23).
2.
Locate the drain bolt that is in the side port of
the carburetor bowl (Figure 85).
g259312
Figure 84
3.
Remove the spark arrester screen and clean it
(Figure 84).
4.
Assemble the spark arrester screen to the
muffler (Figure 84).
5.
Assemble the heat shield to the muffler with the
screws that you removed in step 2.
6.
Align the muffler and a new exhaust gasket to
the exhaust-outlet flange of the engine (Figure
83).
7.
Assemble the muffler and gasket to the engine
with the 2 flange-head bolts that you removed
in step 1.
8.
Torque the flange-head bolts to 35 N∙m (310
in-lb).
g257990
Figure 85
1. Drain bolt
2. Bowl-retaining screw
3.
Align the equipment that you will use to collect
the fuel beneath the drain screw.
4.
Remove the drain screw from the carburetor
and allow the fuel to drain from the fuel tank and
the carburetor.
Note: Do not remove the bowl-retaining screw
from carburetor.
62
Electrical System
Maintenance
Servicing the Battery
Service Interval: Monthly
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use
a paper towel to clean the battery case. If the battery
terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution of
4 parts water and 1 part baking soda. Apply a light
coating of grease to the battery terminals to prevent
corrosion.
Voltage: 12 V
DANGER
Charging or jump starting the battery may
produce explosive gases. Battery gases can
explode causing serious injury.
g257991
Figure 86
1. Drain bolt
2. Side port of the carburetor
bowl
• Keep sparks, flames, or cigarettes away
from battery.
5.
Install the drain bolt into the side port of the
carburetor.
• Ventilate when charging or using battery in
an enclosed space.
6.
Open the fuel shutoff valve and check for leaks.
• Ensure that the venting path of battery is
always open once the battery is filled with
acid.
Note: Repair all fuel leaks before operating the
engine.
• Do not lean over the batteries.
• Always shield eyes and face from battery.
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid,
which is poisonous and can cause severe
burns. Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or
if it touches skin can cause severe burns.
• Wear eye protection to shield your eyes
and rubber gloves to protect your skin and
clothing when handling electrolyte.
• Do not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with water
and call a doctor immediately.
63
Checking the Battery Charge
setting and charging interval recommended to
charge the battery to 12.6 V or greater; refer to
the battery charge table below.
CAUTION
Important: Ensure that the negative battery
If the ignition is in the ON position, there
is potential for sparks and for engine
components to move. Sparks could cause an
explosion or moving parts could accidentally
engage, causing personal injury.
cable is disconnected, and the battery
charger used for charging the battery
has an output of 16 V and 7 A or less to
avoid damaging the battery (see chart for
recommended charger settings).
Ensure that the ignition switch is in the OFF
position before charging the battery.
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Remove the free end of the battery strap from
the buckle and remove the battery cover from
the battery box (Figure 87).
Battery Charge Table
Voltage
Reading
Percent
Charge
Maximum
Charger
Settings
Charging
Interval
12.6 or
greater
100%
16 V/
7A
No Charging
Required
12.4 to 12.6
75 to 100%
16 V/
7A
30 Minutes
12.2 to 12.4
50 to 75%
16 V/
7A
1 Hour
12.0 to 12.2
25 to 50%
14.4 V/
4A
2 Hours
11.7 to 12.0
0 to 25%
14.4 V/
4A
3 Hours
11.7 or less
0%
14.4 V/
2A
6 Hours or
More
5.
If the positive cable is also disconnected,
connect the positive (red) cable to the positive
battery terminal and slip terminal cover over the
positive terminal (Figure 87).
6.
Remove the screw, washer, and ground cable
from the engine. Secure the battery cable to
the battery terminal with the bolt, washer, and
nut and torque the nut and bolt to 1978 to 2542
N∙cm (175 to 225 in-lb).
Note: If time does not permit charging the
battery or if charging equipment is not available,
connect the negative battery cables and run
the vehicle continuously for 20 to 30 minutes to
charge the battery.
7.
g027115
Figure 87
1. Battery box
5. Battery cover
2. Battery support
6. Negative terminal
3. Buckle
4. Battery strap
7. Positive terminal
3.
Measure the voltage of the battery with a
voltmeter.
4.
Use the table below to locate the charge state
or the battery, and if needed, the battery-charger
64
Align the battery cover to the battery box and
secure the cover and box to the battery tray with
the battery strap (Figure 87).
Removing and Installing
the Battery
Charging the Battery
WARNING
Charging the battery produces gasses that
can explode.
Removing the Battery
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks
and flames away from battery.
WARNING
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal machine components, causing
sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses
to explode, resulting in personal injury.
Important: Always keep the battery fully charged
(1.265 specific gravity) to prevent battery damage
when the temperature is below 32°F (0°C).
1.
Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to
Removing the Battery (page 65).
2.
Check the electrolyte level.
3.
Ensure that the filler caps are installed on the
battery.
4.
Charge the battery for 1 hour at 25 to 30 A or 6
hours at 4 to 6 A.
5.
When the battery is fully charged, unplug the
charger from the electrical outlet, and disconnect
the charger leads from the battery posts (Figure
88).
6.
• When removing or installing the battery,
do not allow the battery terminals to touch
any metal parts of the machine.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between
the battery terminals and metal parts of the
machine.
WARNING
Incorrect battery-cable routing could damage
the machine and cables causing sparks.
Sparks can cause the battery gasses to
explode, resulting in personal injury.
Install the battery onto the machine and connect
the battery cables; refer to Installing the Battery
(page 66).
• Always disconnect the negative battery
cable (black) before disconnecting the
positive (red) cable.
Note: Do not run the machine with the battery
disconnected; electrical damage may occur.
• Always connect the positive battery cable
(red) before connecting the negative
(black) cable.
g000538
Figure 88
1. Positive battery post
3. Red (+) charger lead
2. Negative battery post
4. Black (-) charger lead
65
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Remove the battery cover (Figure 87); refer to
step 2 of Checking the Battery Charge (page
64).
3.
Remove the hex-flanged bolt and flanged nut
from the negative battery cable and negative (-)
battery terminal, and remove the cable from the
battery (Figure 89).
Jump-Starting the Machine
DANGER
Jump-starting a battery that is cracked, frozen,
has low electrolyte level, or an open/shorted
battery cell can cause an explosion, resulting
in serious personal injury.
Do not jump-start a battery if these conditions
exist; replace the battery.
g027432
Figure 89
1. Negative battery-cable
cover (black)
4. Flanged bolt
2. Flanged nut
5. Positive (+) battery
terminal
CAUTION
Corrosion or loose connections can cause
unwanted electrical voltage spikes at any time
during the jump-starting procedure.
3. Negative (-) battery
terminal
4.
Slide the red-terminal cover off the positive
battery terminal (Figure 89).
5.
Remove the hex-flanged bolt and flanged nut
from the positive (red) battery cable and the
positive (+) battery terminal, and remove the
cable from the battery (Figure 89).
6.
Do not attempt to jump start a machine
with loose or corroded battery terminals, or
damage to the engine can occur.
CAUTION
Connecting the jumper cables incorrectly can
immediately damage the electrical system.
Remove the battery and battery box from the
battery tray of the machine.
Be certain of the battery-terminal polarity and
the jumper-cable polarity when connecting to
the battery.
Installing the Battery
1.
Place the battery into the battery box.
2.
Position the battery and battery box onto the
battery tray of the machine.
3.
Install the positive (red) battery cable to positive
(+) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 89).
4.
Slide the red terminal cover over the positive
battery terminal.
5.
Install the negative battery cable to the negative
(-) battery terminal with a flanged bolt and
flanged nut (Figure 89).
6.
Align the battery cover to the battery box and
secure the cover and box to the battery tray with
the battery strap (Figure 87).
Important: Be sure that the vehicles do not touch
and that both electrical systems are off and at the
same rated system voltage. These instructions
are for negative-ground systems only.
Important: Use the properly sized jumper cables
(4 to 6 AWG) with short lengths to reduce the
voltage drop between systems. Ensure that the
cables are color coded or labeled for the correct
polarity.
1.
Check the battery terminals of the discharged
battery and the booster battery for corrosion
(white, green, or blue “snow”).
Note: Clean the corrosion from the battery
terminals prior to jump starting. Tighten the
battery cable connections as necessary.
2.
Ensure that the booster is a 12 V battery with
a sufficient amp rating that is in good condition
and fully charged.
Note: Ensure that the vent caps are tight and
level. If available, place a damp cloth over any
vent caps on both batteries.
3.
66
Connect the positive (+) cable clamp (red) to the
positive (+) terminal of the discharged battery
(Figure 90).
Note: The positive battery cable is wired to the
starter or solenoid.
g306403
g012785
Figure 90
1. Positive (+) cable on the discharged battery
2. Positive (+) cable on booster battery
3. Negative (–) cable on the booster battery
4. Negative (–) cable on the engine block
5. Booster battery
6. Discharged battery
7. Engine block
4.
5.
6.
Connect the other positive (+) cable clamp (red)
to the positive terminal of the booster battery.
Connect the negative (–) cable clamp (black) to
the negative terminal of the booster battery.
Connect the other negative (–) cable clamp
(black) to the engine block of the stalled machine
and away from the discharged battery.
g304903
Figure 91
Important: Do not connect the negative (–)
7.
8.
cable clamp (black) to the negative battery
post of the discharged battery.
Stand away from the discharged battery of the
machine.
Start the machine and remove the cables in
the reverse order of connection, disconnect the
engine block connection first.
Servicing the Fuses
The electrical system is protected by fuses, and
requires no maintenance. If a fuse blows, check the
component or circuit for a malfunction or short.
1. Remove the negative battery cable from the
battery terminal; refer to steps 2 and 3 of
Removing the Battery (page 65).
Note: Ensure that the negative battery cable
2.
3.
does not touch the battery terminal.
Push the latch on the fuse/relay holder and
separate the cover from the holder (Figure 91).
Pull the fuse from the socket of the fuse/relay
holder (Figure 91).
67
1. Cover
3. Negative battery cable
2. Fuses
4. Fuse/relay holder
4.
Install a fuse (20 A) of the same type into the
socket of the fuse/relay holder (Figure 91).
5.
Install the cover onto the fuse/relay holder until
the cover latches securely (Figure 91).
6.
Install the negative battery cable to the battery
terminal, and install the battery cover; refer to
steps 5 and 6 of Installing the Battery (page 66).
Drive System
Maintenance
1.
2.
3.
Checking the Air Pressure
in the Tires
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
Check the tire pressure; refer to Checking the
Air Pressure in the Tires (page 68).
Center and secure the steering control by
aligning 2 bolts (5/16 x 3 inch) through the
outside holes on the steering control and through
the control column.
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
Note: Service the air pressure in both the front and
rear tires.
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Check tire pressure in front and rear tires.
3.
If necessary, adjust the air pressure in the tires
to 83 to 97 kPa (12 to 14 psi).
Torqueing the Axle Bolts
and Lug Nuts
g304901
Figure 93
1. Outside holes (steering
control)
Service Interval: Yearly
1.
Torque the axle bolts (Figure 92) of the front and
rear wheels to 43 to 52 N∙m (32 to 38 ft-lb).
2.
In an alternating pattern, torque the 4 wheel nuts
(Figure 92) of the rear wheels to 104 to 129 N∙m
(77 to 95 ft-lb).
4.
2. Control column
Measure the distance between the 2 front faces
of the front tires as shown in Figure 94.
Record the front measurement here
.
Important: If you remove the axle bolt(s)
during wheel maintenance, apply medium-grade
thread-locking compound to the threads of the
bolt(s) before installing the wheel(s)
Important: Do not use anti-seize compound on
the wheel nuts.
g027469
Figure 94
Viewed underneath machine
g304902
Figure 92
1. Axle bolts
1. Front of the machine
2. Front measurement
3. Front face of the tire
2. Wheel nut
5.
Aligning the Front Wheels
4. Rear face of the tire
5. Rear measurement
Measure the distance between the 2 rear faces
of the front tires as shown in Figure 94.
Record the front measurement here
.
Operator supplied equipment: 2 bolts 9 x 76 mm
(5/16 x 3 inch) or longer
68
Note: The front measurement should be 6.4 to
12.7 mm (1/4 to 1/2 inch) larger than the rear
measurement.
6.
E.
If the front measurement is smaller than 6.4 mm
(1/4 inch) or larger than 12.7 mm (1/2 inch),
adjustment the rod ends for the steering linkage
as follows:
A.
7.
Remove the 4 thumb screws that secure
the front cover (below the impeller) to the
chassis and remove the cover (Figure 95).
g033530
Figure 95
1. Forward cover
2. Clip nut
B.
3. Thumb screw
Loosen the jam nuts at the rod ends.
g027152
Figure 96
1. Jam nuts
C.
Rotate the steering rod to lengthen or
shorten the linkage. Adjust both the left and
right steering linkages equally.
Note: The factory center-to-center
distance between the ball-joint rod ends
at the steering linkage is 23.3 cm (9.21
inches).
D.
Tighten the jam nuts.
69
Align the holes in the front cover with the
clip nuts in the chassis and secure the cover
with the 4 thumb nuts that you removed in
A.
Remove the bolts that you installed in step 3
from the control column and steering control.
Servicing the Transaxle
Controls System
Maintenance
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
Transaxle Oil Type: Toro® HYPR-OIL™ 500
hydraulic oil or Mobil® 1 15W-50
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Rotate counterclockwise the 2 quarter-turn
fasteners that secure the knee pad to the
chassis of the machine (Figure 97).
Adjusting the Pattern
Control Cable for the
Spreader
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Empty the hopper; refer to Emptying the
Spreader (page 30).
3.
Close the impeller gate by pushing the heavy
distribution granular-gate lever forward fully
(Figure 98).
g027155
Figure 97
1. Quick release screws
3. Oil expansion tank
g305495
2. Knee pad
3.
Lift the knee pad up and rearward slightly and
remove the pad from the machine (Figure 97).
4.
Clean area around fluid-expansion tank and
remove cap (Figure 97).
5.
Check the fluid level in the expansion tank.
Figure 98
Note: The fluid-level cover the bottom port in
1. Unlock—spread pattern
control handle (rotate
counterclockwise)
3. Lock—spread pattern
control handle (rotate
clockwise)
2. Push down—spread
pattern control handle
4. Push forward—heavy
distribution granular-gate
lever
4.
Rotate the spread-pattern-control handle
counterclockwise, push the handle down,
and rotate the spread-pattern-control handle
clockwise(3) refer to Figure 98.
5.
Loosen the jam nut at the end of the
pattern-control cable (Figure 99).
tank.
6.
7.
If the fluid level is too low, add the specified fluid
into the expansion tank.
Install the tank cap onto the expansion tank and
tighten the cap until it is snug (Figure 97).
Note: Do not overtighten the cap.
70
Maintaining the Chassis
Checking the Machine for
Loose Hardware
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Visually inspect machine for damaged or worn
parts, and check for loose hardware.
Note: Before operating the machine, replace
any damaged parts and tighten all loose
hardware.
g027205
Figure 99
1. Jam nut (pattern control cable)
2. Linkage rod
3. Impeller shaft
4. 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) gap between ramp tooth and impeller
shaft
5. Ramp tooth
6.
Pull the linkage rod until there is 1/8 inch (3.2
mm) gap between the ramp tooth and the
impeller shaft (Figure 99).
7.
Tighten the jam nut (Figure 99).
8.
Adjust the spread-pattern-control handle; refer
to Adjusting the Spreader Pattern (page 33).
71
Maintaining the Sprayer
System
Cleaning
Checking Sprayer System
Cleaning the Engine and
the Exhaust System Area
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
Service Interval: After each use (may be required
more often in dry or dirty conditions.)
1.
2.
3.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
CAUTION
Check all hoses, nozzles, and fittings for
damage and leaks.
Note: Replace all damaged or leaking sprayer
components.
Excessive debris around engine-air intake
and exhaust system area can cause engine,
exhaust area, and hydraulic system to
overheat which can create a fire hazard.
Check the nozzle strainers and in-line strainers
for accumulation of dirt and chemical sludge.
Clean all debris from engine and exhaust
system area.
Note: Clean or replace strainers with an
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Clean all debris from screen next to the starter
grip of the engine, around engine shrouding, fuel
tank, and exhaust system area.
3.
Wipe up any excessive grease or oil around the
engine and exhaust system area.
4.
Clean muffler-heat shields of all debris, dirt, and
oil.
accumulation of dirt and chemical sludge.
Cleaning the Debris from
the Machine
Service Interval: After each use
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Clean off any debris or chemical build-up on the
machine, especially the nozzles, sprayer-tank
opening, impeller, and the spray wand and its
holder.
Removing the Engine
Shroud and Cleaning the
Cooling Fins
Service Interval: Every 80 hours
1.
Prepare the machine for maintenance; refer to
Preparing the Machine (page 57).
2.
Remove cooling shroud from engine.
3.
Clean cooling fins of the engine.
Note: Also, clean dust, dirt, and oil from
external surfaces of engine which can cause
improper cooling.
72
4.
Storage
Install the cooling shrouds onto the engine.
Note: Operating the engine without cooling
1.
shrouds will cause engine damage due to
overheating.
Waste Disposal
2.
Chemical Disposal
Set sprayer-pump switch to the OFF position,
stop the machine, move motion-control lever to
the NEUTRAL position, shut off the engine, wait
for all moving parts to stop, remove key, and
engage parking brake.
Remove dirt and grime from the entire machine.
Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed
water to clean the machine.
Improper chemical disposal can pollute the
environment and cause health issues.
Follow the disposal directions on the
chemical-manufacturer’s label. Dispose of
chemicals and containers in accordance to
local/state/federal laws.
3.
Disposing of the Engine Oil
4.
Engine oil and hydraulic fluid are both pollutants to
the environment. Dispose of used pollutants at a
certified-recycling center or according to your state
and local regulations.
5.
6.
7.
Disposing of the Battery
8.
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid,
which is poisonous and can cause severe
burns. Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or
if it touches skin can cause severe burns.
9.
Important: You can wash the machine with
mild detergent and water. Do not pressure
wash the machine. Avoid excessive use
of water, especially near the engine and
hydrostatic drive.
Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner (page 58).
Lubricate the machine; refer to Lubricating the
Grease Fittings (page 57).
Change the engine oil; refer to Changing the
Engine Oil (page 59).
Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws.
Repair or replace any part that is damaged.
Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint
is available from your Authorized Service Dealer.
Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or
storage area.
Cover the machine to protect it and keep it clean.
Preparing the Machine for
Extended or Winter Storage
• Wear eye protection to shield eyes, and
rubber gloves to protect skin and clothing
when handling electrolyte.
• Do not swallow electrolyte.
To help protect the pumps from freezing temperatures,
ensure that the machine is free of all caustic chemicals
and residue.
• In the event of an accident, flush with water
and call a doctor immediately.
Cleaning the Spreader
Perform all the steps in Cleaning and Lubricating the
Spreader (page 50).
Federal law states that batteries should not be placed
in the garbage. Management and disposal practices
for batteries must follow relevant federal, state, or
local laws.
Winterizing the Sprayer
Emptying the Tank
Take the battery to a local certified-recycling center
if you replace a worn or damaged battery or if the
machine no longer operates and is being scrapped.
1.
Note: If no local recycling is available, return the
battery to any certified battery seller.
2.
73
Perform all the steps in Cleaning the Sprayer
System and Wand (page 51), Cleaning the
Strainer (page 52), and Cleaning the Sprayer
Nozzle (page 53).
Empty the sprayer system by performing the
following:
A. Empty the sprayer tank; refer to Emptying
the Sprayer Tank (page 45).
B.
Start the machine and set sprayer-pump
switch to the ON position
C.
Push the tank-agitation lever to the OFF
position.
D.
Pull the narrow-spray pattern lever.
Note: Run the sprayer nozzle until the
narrow nozzle is spraying air.
E.
Push the narrow-spray pattern lever and
pull back the wide-spray pattern lever.
Note: Run the sprayer nozzles until the
both wide nozzles are spraying air.
F.
3.
Push forward the wide-spray pattern lever.
Shut off the sprayer pump and the engine.
Preparing the Sprayer System
Antifreeze type: 2.5 L (0.7 US gallon) rust inhibiting,
non-alcohol based, RV-antifreeze concentrate
Important: Do not allow all the antifreeze mixture
to empty from the sprayer tank while running the
sprayer nozzles and wand. Keeping some of the
antifreeze in the pump, valves, and hoses will help
prevent corrosion and damage caused by moist
air trapped in the sprayer system.
Do not use brackish or reclaimed water in the
spray system.
1.
Mix 2.5 L (0.7 US gallon) RV anti-freeze
concentrate with 5.1 L (1.3 US gallon) water
and pour the antifreeze mixture into the into the
sprayer tank.
Note: Use a rust inhibiting, non-alcohol based,
RV antifreeze concentrate.
2.
Start the machine and set the sprayer-pump
switch to the ON position.
3.
Pull back the narrow-spray pattern lever to the
ON position.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle.
4.
Push forward the narrow-spray pattern lever and
pull back the wide-spray pattern lever.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle.
5.
Push forward the wide-spray pattern lever.
6.
Remove the wand from its holder, point it in a
safe direction, and squeeze the spray-wand
trigger.
Note: Allow the antifreeze to circulate through
sprayer and nozzle and then return the wand to
its holder.
7.
Set the sprayer-pump switch to the OFF position
and shut off the engine.
74
Troubleshooting
Important: Ensure that the operator safety mechanisms for the machine are connected and in proper
operating condition before you use the machine.
When a problem occurs, do not overlook the simple causes. For example, starting problems could be caused
by an empty fuel tank.
The following table lists some of the common causes of trouble. Do not attempt to service or replace major
engine items or any items that call for special timing of adjustments procedures (such as valves, governor, etc.).
Have this work done by your engine service dealer.
Note: When disconnecting electrical connectors, do not pull on the wires to separate the connectors.
Spreader Fault Codes
Spreader Fault Code Table
Motor Overcurrent !02
The motor overcurrent fault code !02 displays if the motor load
circuit draws too much current.
Check the motor and inspect it for damage and wear.
1. Fault code !02 (motor overcurrent)
Voltage Measurement !04
The voltage measurement fault code !05 displays if the sprayer
controller cannot sense motor feedback voltage.
Check the wire from pin 18 (MOTOR IN) of the controller connector.
1. Fault code !04 (voltage measurement)
75
Spreader Fault Code Table (cont'd.)
Motor Wire !05
The motor wire fault code !05 displays if the sprayer controller
cannot sense the load circuits (OUT 1 or OUT 2) between the
sprayer and information display and the motor.
•
•
Fault code !05 displays in the sprayer and information display.
The LED status light illuminates red.
Check that pin 6 (MOTOR OUT 1) and pin 8 (MOTOR OUT 2) are
seated and locked in the controller connector.
1. Fault code !05 (motor wire)
Motor Open !06
The motor open fault code !06 displays if the spreader controller
cannot sense the motor signal circuit (MOTOR IN).
•
Fault code !06 displays in the spreader and information
display.
•
The LED status light illuminates red.
1. Fault code !06 (motor open)
Sprayer Fault Codes
Sprayer Fault Code Table
Voltage
The voltage fault code displays if the key-run voltage is less than
12.5 V or greater than 16 V.
•
The voltage fault code flashes in the sprayer and information
display.
•
•
The LED status light illuminates red.
The agitation motor shuts off.
Voltage fault code
76
Sprayer Fault Code Table (cont'd.)
Motor Overcurrent !02
The motor overcurrent fault code !02 displays if the motor load
circuit draws too much current.
Check the motor and inspect it for damage and wear.
•
•
Fault code !02 displays in the sprayer and information display.
The LED status light illuminates red.
Check that pin 6 (MOTOR OUT 1) and pin 8 (MOTOR OUT 2) are
seated and locked in the controller connector.
1. Fault code !02 (motor overcurrent)
Motor Wire !05
The motor wire fault code !05 displays if the sprayer controller
cannot sense the load circuits (OUT 1 or OUT 2) between the
sprayer and information display and the motor.
•
•
Fault code !05 displays in the sprayer and information display.
The LED status light illuminates red.
1. Fault code !05 (motor wire)
Motor Open !06
The motor open fault code !06 displays if the sprayer controller
cannot sense the motor signal circuit (MOTOR IN).
•
•
Fault code !06 displays in the sprayer and information display.
The LED status light illuminates red.
1. Fault code !06 (motor open)
77
Troubleshooting the Speader and Sprayer Controllers
Problem
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
The spreader information display or
sprayer information display shows fault
core !02.
1. The spreader controller or the sprayer
controller detects excessive electrical
current to the motor.
1. Spreader—check impeller and hopper
for obstructions that may add an
excessive load to the impeller motor.
Spreader or sprayer—check the
electrical circuits to the motor for a
short circuit. Tap the impeller control
switch or the sprayer-pump switch to
start the spreader or sprayer motor.
The spreader information display shows
fault core !04.
1. The spreader controller does not
detect the motor feedback voltage.
1. Check that pin 18 (MOTOR IN) is seated
and locked in the controller connector.
The spreader information display or
sprayer information display shows fault
core !05.
1. One of two outputs are not providing
power to motor.
1. Check that pin 6 (MOTOR OUT 1) and
pin 8 (MOTOR OUT 2) are seated and
locked in the controller connector.
The spreader information display or
sprayer information display shows fault
core !06.
1. The spreader controller or the sprayer
controller cannot detect a connection
to the motor.
1. Shut off the impeller motor or spray
pump motor, and check electrical
connections to the motor.
The spreader controller or the sprayer
controller does not power.
1. A main fuse is open.
1. Replace the open fuse.
2. Loose electrical connections.
2. Check electrical connections at the
accessory power connector and
battery ring terminals and ensure both
have power.
3. Check the ground circuit to the
controller.
4. Replace controller module.
3. Open ground electrical connection.
4. The controller module is damaged.
The spreader controller or the sprayer
controller shuts off intermittently.
1. The electrical connections are
corroded, loose, or faulty.
1. Check the electrical connections for
contact. Clean connector terminals
thoroughly with electrical-contact
cleaner, apply dielectric grease, and
connect the terminals.
The spreader controller or the sprayer
controller is unresponsive.
1. The impeller control switch or
sprayer-pump switch connector may
be loose.
1. Ensure that the harness connector is
seated and latched securely to the
rocker switch.
2. The pins of the switch connector may
not be inserted into the correct terminal
locations.
2. Check for incorrect pin positions.
Sprayer and information display shows
the low battery voltage icon displays a
quarter of the time.
1. The impeller motor is running while the
engine is shut off.
1. Shut off the impeller motor and run the
engine to until the battery is charged.
2. The engine speed is too slow.
2. Run the machine at a higher engine
speed.
The recirculation pump shuts off.
1. The impeller motor is running while the
engine is shut off.
1. Shut off the impeller motor and run the
engine to until the battery is charged.
2. The engine speed is too slow.
2. Run the machine at a higher engine
speed.
78
Troubleshooting the Machine
Problem
The starter does not rotate the engine.
Possible Cause
1. The parking brake is not engaged.
1. Engage the parking brake.
2. The battery does not have a full
charge.
4. A fuse is blown.
5. A relay or switch is worn or damaged.
2. Charge the battery; refer to the
Charging the Battery, and Jump
Starting the Machine procedures in the
Maintenance section.
3. Check the electrical connection(s)
for good contact. Clean the
connector terminals thoroughly with
electrical-contact cleaner, apply
dielectric grease to the terminals, and
connect the connectors.
4. Replace the blown fuse.
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. The fuel tank is empty.
1. Fill the fuel tank with fuel.
2. The fuel-shutoff valve is closed.
3. The throttle lever or choke lever or
both are not in the correct position.
2. Open the fuel-shutoff valve.
3. Move the throttle control is midway
between the SLOW and FAST positions.
Set the choke to the ON position when
starting a cold engine or set the choke
to the OFF position when starting a
warm engine.
4. Clean or replace the fuel strainer
(bottom of fuel tank).
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
3. An electrical connection(s) is corroded,
loose or faulty.
The engine does not start, it starts hard, or
it fails to keep running.
4. There is dirt in fuel strainer.
5. There is dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
the fuel system.
6. The air-filter elements are dirty.
7. An electrical connection(s) is corroded,
loose or faulty.
8. A relay or switch is worn or damaged.
9. The spark plug is faulty.
10. The spark-plug wire is not connected
to the spark plug.
The engine loses power.
Corrective Action
6. Clean the foam-filter element or
replace the paper-filter element.
7. Check the electrical connection(s)
for good contact. Clean the
connector terminals thoroughly with
electrical-contact cleaner, apply
dielectric grease to the terminals, and
connect the connectors.
8. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
9. Clean, adjust or replace spark plug.
10. Check the spark-plug wire connection
at the spark plug.
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed of the
machine.
2. The air-filter elements are dirty.
2. Clean the foam-filter element or
replace the paper-filter element.
3. Add oil into the engine to the proper
oil level.
4. Clean the cooling fins and the air
passages.
3. The oil level in the engine is low.
4. The cooling fins and the air passages
for the engine are plugged with dirt or
debris.
5. The vent hole in the fuel cap is plugged.
6. There is dirt in the fuel strainer.
7. There is dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
the fuel system.
79
5. Clean the vent hole or replace the fuel
cap.
6. Clean or replace the fuel strainer
(bottom of fuel tank).
7. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Problem
The engine overheats.
Possible Cause
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed of the
machine.
2. The oil level in the engine is low.
2. Add oil into the engine to the proper
oil level.
3. Clean the cooling fins and the air
passages.
3. The cooling fins and air passages for
the engine are plugged with dirt or
debris.
The machine pulls to the left or the right
(with steering control fully forward).
Corrective Action
1. The air pressure in the tires is not
correct.
1. Adjust air pressure in the drive tires.
2. The steering linkage is damaged.
3. The front wheel toe-out is not correct.
2. Replace steering linkage.
3. Align the front wheels; refer to Aligning
the Front Wheels procedure.
4. Repair or replace the front wheel axles.
4. The front wheel axles are bent or
damaged.
5. The steering control is bent or
damaged.
5. Repair or replace the steering control.
The machine does not drive.
1. The bypass valve is not closed tight.
1. Close the bypass valve.
The machine vibrates abnormally.
1. The engine-mounting bolts are loose.
1. Tighten the engine-mounting bolts.
2. The coupling bolts and nuts for the
drive shaft are loose.
2. Tighten the appropriate fasteners.
1. There is debris buildup at the impeller.
1. Clean the impeller.
2. The hopper screen is plugged.
3. The impeller motor is loose or
damaged.
4. An electrical component for the
impeller motor system is open.
5. The impeller On/Off switch is in the
OFF position or the impeller speed
control is set too slow.
6. The impeller-drive pin is missing.
7. The bearings failed in the impeller
motor.
2. Clean the hopper screen.
3. Repair or replace the impeller motor.
1. The impeller is dirty or damaged.
1. Clean, repair, or replace the impeller.
2. The spreader-pattern control is not
adjusted properly.
2. Adjust the spreader-pattern control;
refer to the Adjust the Spreader Pattern
procedure in the Using the Spreader
section.
3. Clean or replace the nozzles.
4. Clean the hopper screen.
5. Check to see if the agitator pin for the
shaft of the impeller motor is present.
6. Adjust the position of the control cable.
The impeller does not rotate.
The spreader or sprayer pattern is uneven.
3. The sprayer nozzles are clogged.
4. The hopper screen is plugged.
5. Material in the hopper is clumped over
the gate.
6. The diffuser ramp setting is incorrect.
80
4. Check the electrical connections.
5. Set the impeller On/Off switch to the
ON position and check the position of
the knob for the impeller-speed control.
6. Replace the drive pin.
7. Replace the bearings in the motor or
the motor assembly.
Problem
There is no spray from the sprayer nozzles
in the boom or the nozzles have poor
output.
No material dispensed from hopper.
The spray wand does not work.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
1. The sprayer tank is empty.
1. Fill the sprayer tank.
2. The sprayer-pump supply valve is
closed or partially closed.
3. The strainer is clogged or damaged.
4. The pump is clogged or damaged.
5. The nozzles are clogged.
6. The hoses are clogged, kinked, or
damaged.
7. The tank-agitation lever is in the ON
position.
8. The sprayer-pattern lever is not in the
ON position.
9. The sprayer pressure and ground
speed are incorrect.
10. The chemical mixture in the sprayer
tank is incorrect.
11. The spray system is leaking.
2. Fully open the sprayer-pump supply
valve.
3. Clean, repair, or replace the strainer.
4. Clean, repair, or replace the pump.
5. Clean or replace the nozzles.
6. Clean, repair, or replace the hoses.
7. Move the tank-agitation lever to the
OFF position.
8. Move the narrow- or wide-sprayer
pattern lever to the ON position.
9. Adjust the sprayer pressure and the
ground speed of the machine.
10. Follow the chemical manufacturer’s
recommendation.
11. Inspect the components of the sprayer
system; clean, repair, or replace
the sprayer- system components as
needed.
1. Hopper screen is plugged.
1. Clean the hopper screen.
2. Gate not adjusted properly.
2. Adjust the gate. See Spreader Pattern
Adjustment section in Operation.
1. The sprayer tank is empty.
1. Fill the sprayer tank.
2. The sprayer-wand-pressure control is
in the wrong position.
3. The wand is clogged or damaged.
4. The spray nozzle for the wand is
clogged.
5. The trigger is not pressed.
6. The hose is clogged or damaged.
7. The hose is not connected to the wand.
8. The hose for the wand is kinked.
2. Rotate the pressure control to the
OPEN position.
3. Clean, repair, or replace the wand.
4. Clean or replace the nozzle.
81
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the trigger.
Clean, repair, or replace the hoses.
Connect the hose to the wand.
Straighten the kink in the hose.
Schematics
g305771
Electrical Schematic 135-6127 (Rev. C)
82
g305820
Sprayer System Schematic (Rev. A)
83
Notes:
Notes:
Notes:
California Proposition 65 Warning Information
What is this warning?
You may see a product for sale that has a warning label like the following:
WARNING: Cancer and Reproductive Harm—www.p65Warnings.ca.gov.
What is Prop 65?
Prop 65 applies to any company operating in California, selling products in California, or manufacturing products that may be sold in or brought into
California. It mandates that the Governor of California maintain and publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects, and/or other
reproductive harm. The list, which is updated annually, includes hundreds of chemicals found in many everyday items. The purpose of Prop 65 is to
inform the public about exposure to these chemicals.
Prop 65 does not ban the sale of products containing these chemicals but instead requires warnings on any product, product packaging, or literature with
the product. Moreover, a Prop 65 warning does not mean that a product is in violation of any product safety standards or requirements. In fact, the
California government has clarified that a Prop 65 warning “is not the same as a regulatory decision that a product is ‘safe’ or ‘unsafe.’” Many of these
chemicals have been used in everyday products for years without documented harm. For more information, go to https://oag.ca.gov/prop65/faqs-view-all.
A Prop 65 warning means that a company has either (1) evaluated the exposure and has concluded that it exceeds the “no significant risk level”; or (2)
has chosen to provide a warning based on its understanding about the presence of a listed chemical without attempting to evaluate the exposure.
Does this law apply everywhere?
Prop 65 warnings are required under California law only. These warnings are seen throughout California in a wide range of settings, including but not
limited to restaurants, grocery stores, hotels, schools, and hospitals, and on a wide variety of products. Additionally, some online and mail order
retailers provide Prop 65 warnings on their websites or in catalogs.
How do the California warnings compare to federal limits?
Prop 65 standards are often more stringent than federal and international standards. There are various substances that require a Prop 65 warning
at levels that are far lower than federal action limits. For example, the Prop 65 standard for warnings for lead is 0.5 μg/day, which is well below
the federal and international standards.
Why don’t all similar products carry the warning?
•
•
Products sold in California require Prop 65 labelling while similar products sold elsewhere do not.
•
•
The enforcement of Prop 65 is inconsistent.
A company involved in a Prop 65 lawsuit reaching a settlement may be required to use Prop 65 warnings for its products, but other companies
making similar products may have no such requirement.
Companies may elect not to provide warnings because they conclude that they are not required to do so under Prop 65; a lack of warnings for a
product does not mean that the product is free of listed chemicals at similar levels.
Why does Toro include this warning?
Toro has chosen to provide consumers with as much information as possible so that they can make informed decisions about the products they buy and
use. Toro provides warnings in certain cases based on its knowledge of the presence of one or more listed chemicals without evaluating the level of
exposure, as not all the listed chemicals provide exposure limit requirements. While the exposure from Toro products may be negligible or well within the
“no significant risk” range, out of an abundance of caution, Toro has elected to provide the Prop 65 warnings. Moreover, if Toro does not provide these
warnings, it could be sued by the State of California or by private parties seeking to enforce Prop 65 and subject to substantial penalties.
Rev A
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