Toro 1800 Power Curve Snowthrower User manual

Toro 1800 Power Curve Snowthrower User manual
Form No. 3362-564 Rev A
1800 Power
Model No. 38025—Serial No. 310000001 and Up
Operator's Manual
If the snowthrower strikes a foreign object, follow these steps:
When using an electrical appliance, basic precautions should
always be followed, including the following:
Disconnect snowthrower—Disconnect the snowthrower from the
power supply when not in use, before servicing, when changing
accessories, and the like.
—To reduce the risk of fire, electric shock,
or injury, follow these safety instructions.
Store idle snowthrowers indoors—When not in use, snowthrowers
should be stored indoors in dry, locked place—out of reach of children.
It is essential that you or any other operator of the appliance
read and understand the contents of this manual before operating
the appliance. Pay particular attention to the safety alert symbol
which means CAUTION, WARNING or DANGER—personal safety
instruction. Read and understand the instruction because it has to do
with safety. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in
personal injury, risk of fire, or electrical shock.
Replacement parts—When servicing use only identical replacement
parts. Replace or repair damaged cords.
Stop the snowthrower.
Inspect for damage.
Repair any damage before restarting and operating the
Maintain snowthrowers with care—Follow instructions for lubricating
and changing accessories.
This snowthrower meets or exceeds the B71.3 specifications of
the American National Standards Institute in effect at the time
of production.
Read and understand the contents of this manual before you start
the motor.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to
Do not use on graveled surface unless the snowthrower is adjusted for potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that
follow this symbol to avoid possible injury or death.
such a surface in accordance with the operator’s manual.
Keep children and bystanders away—All visitors should be kept
at a distance from the work area.
Dress properly—Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry. They can
be caught in moving parts.
Improperly using or maintaining this snowthrower could result in
injury or death. To reduce this potential, comply with the following
safety instructions.
Wear rubber boots when operating the snowthrower.
This snowthrower is capable of amputating hands and feet and
of throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety
instructions could result in serious injury.
Operation of the snowthrower in the hand-held position is unsafe,
except in accordance with the special instructions for such use
provided in the operator’s manual.
Warning—To prevent electric shock, use only with an extension
cord suitable for outdoor use. (Does not apply to battery-operated
Extension cords—To prevent disconnection of appliance cord from
the extension cord during operation, connect the extension cord to
the product as shown on page 4.
Avoid accidental starting—Don’t carry the snowthrower with your
finger on the switch. Be sure switch is off when plugging in.
If cord is damaged in any manner while plugged in, pull extension cord
from wall receptacle.
Don’t abuse cord—Never carry snowthrower by cord or yank it to
disconnect from receptacle. Keep cord from heat, oil, and sharp edges.
(Does not apply to battery-operated snowthrowers.)
Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine and
in the manual(s) before operating this unit. Be thoroughly familiar
with the controls and the proper use of the equipment. Know how
to stop the unit and disengage the controls quickly.
Never allow children to operate the equipment. Never allow adults
to operate the equipment without proper instruction.
Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly small
Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling.
Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to be used
and remove all doormats, sleds, boards, wires, and other foreign
Do not operate the equipment without wearing adequate winter
garments. Avoid loose fitting clothing that can get caught in moving
parts. Wear footwear that will improve footing on slippery surfaces.
Do not attempt to clear snow from a gravel or crushed rock surface.
This product is intended for use only on paved surfaces.
Keep hands away from moving parts.
Keep guards in place and in working order.
Don’t force snowthrower—It will perform better and safer at the rate
for which it was designed.
Do not overreach—Keep proper footing and balance at all times.
© 2009—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
Register at
Original Instructions (EN)
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Never attempt to make any adjustments while the motor is running
(except when specifically recommended by manufacturer).
Always wear safety glasses or eye shields during operation or
while performing an adjustment or repair to protect eyes from
foreign objects that may be thrown from the machine.
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible
to the operator and are located near any area
of potential danger. Replace any decal that is
damaged or lost.
Do not put hands or feet near or under rotating parts. Keep clear
of the discharge opening at all times.
Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel
drives, walks, or roads. Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic.
After striking a foreign object, stop the motor, remove the ignition
key, thoroughly inspect the snow thrower for any damage, and
repair the damage before restarting and operating the snow
If the unit should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the motor and
check immediately for the cause. Vibration is generally a warning
of trouble.
Stop the motor whenever you leave the operating position, before
unclogging the rotor blade housing or discharge chute, and when
making any repairs, adjustments or inspections.
When cleaning, repairing, or inspecting the snow thrower, stop
the motor and make certain that the rotor blades and all moving
parts have stopped.
Exercise extreme caution when operating on slopes.
1. To engage the auger,
squeeze the control bar.
Never operate the snow thrower without proper guards and other
safety protective devices in place and working.
Never direct the discharge toward people or areas where property
damage can occur. Keep children and others away.
Do not overload the machine capacity by attempting to clear snow
at too fast a rate.
Look behind and use care when backing up with the snow thrower.
On Handle
2. Release the control bar to
disengage the auger.
Disengage power to the rotor blades when snow thrower is
transported or not in use.
Never operate the snow thrower without good visibility or light.
Always be sure of your footing, and keep a firm hold on the
handles. Walk; never run.
Clearing a Clogged Discharge Chute
Hand contact with the rotating rotor blades inside the discharge chute
is the most common cause of injury associated with snow throwers.
Never use your hand to clean out the discharge chute.
To clear the chute:
Shut the motor off!
Wait 10 seconds to be sure the rotor blades have stopped rotating.
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the
normal operating position.
Always use a clean-out tool, not your hands.
Maintenance and Storage
Check all fasteners at frequent intervals for proper tightness to be
sure the equipment is in safe working condition.
Always refer to the Operator’s Manual for important details if the
snow thrower is to be stored for an extended period.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as necessary.
Installing the Upper Handle and Chute
Run the machine a few minutes after throwing snow to prevent
freeze-up of the rotor blades.
Stand the snowthrower on its wheels and position the upper
Inspect the open internal wiring; if it is damaged, do not assemble.
Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
The internal wiring could be damaged during assembly,
causing serious personal injury when operating the
Carefully assemble the snowthrower so that you will not
damage the electrical wiring.
If the wiring is damaged, do not assemble the
snowthrower. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Figure 4
Carefully insert the right side of the upper tubing over the end of
the lower right side tubing (Figure 2).
1. Chute crank
2. Chute crank gear
10. Secure the upper and lower tubing and the mounting plate together
with 2 machine screws and 2 locknuts.
Note: Position the screw heads on the outside of the mounting
plate. Be careful not to damage the internal electrical wiring when
you insert the screws. If the wiring blocks the hole, use a blunt
1/8 inch punch to carefully route the electrical wiring away from
the aligned holes.
Installing the Discharge Chute
Position the chute deflector onto the discharge chute and align
the mounting holes (Figure 5).
Figure 2
1. Upper tubing
2. Lower tubing
Carefully insert the left side of the upper tubing into the end of the
lower left side tubing (Figure 2).
Squeeze the upper tubes together, and wiggle the upper tubes
down until the mounting holes in the upper and lower tubing line
up (Figure 2).
Place the mounting plate over the tubes (Figure 3).
Figure 5
1. Chute deflector
2. Discharge chute
3. Rubber washer (2)
Figure 3
1. Mounting plate
2. Shroud
3. Chute crank
4. Gear
Align the mounting plate holes with the upper and lower tubing
Insert the end of the chute crank through the hole in the shroud.
Turn the chute crank rod slowly until the flattened end drops into
the slot in the gear, then firmly push the chute crank into the gear
until it snaps into place (Figure 3 and Figure 4).
4. Carriage bolt (2)
5. Metal washer (2)
6. Locknut (2)
Insert a rubber washer between the chute deflector and the
discharge chute on each side while maintaining the hole alignment
(Figure 5).
Secure the deflector to the discharge chute with 2 carriage bolts, 2
metal washers, and 2 locknuts.
Note: Ensure that the square shoulders on the carriage bolts align
with the inside square on the discharge chute. Position the metal
washers to the outside of the chute deflector as shown in Figure 5.
Do not overtighten the bolts.
Note: To prevent the extension cord from disconnecting during
operation, tie it to the loop in the upper handle before you connect
it to the snowthrower (Figure 7).
Product Overview
Figure 7
1. Extension cord
Figure 6
Control bar
Chute crank
Belt cover
2. Loop
The electrical cord can get damaged, causing a shock or fire.
5. Discharge chute
6. Chute deflector
7. Secondary handle
Thoroughly inspect the electrical cord before using the
snowthrower. If the cord is damaged, do not operate
the snowthrower. Repair or replace the damaged cord
immediately. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer for
Important: This snowthrower is intended for outdoor, residential
use only. do not use it indoors or for commercial or industrial
Starting and Stopping
To start the rotor, squeeze the control bar (Figure 8).
Connecting to a Power Source
To reduce the risk of electric shock, this appliance has a polarized
plug (i.e., one blade is wider than the other). Use only a polarized
plug, UL-listed (CSA certified in Canada) extension cord recommended
for outdoor use. A polarized plug will fit in a polarized cord only one
way. If the plug does not fit fully in the cord, reverse the cord. If it
still does not fit, purchase a polarized extension cord. If you have a
polarized extension cord and the extension cord plug does not fit fully
into the wall receptacle, reverse the plug. If it still does not fit, contact
a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Do not change the
appliance or extension cord plug in any way.
Figure 8
1. Control bar
Use only an extension cord recommended for outdoor use.
Contact with water while operating the product could cause
electric shock, causing injury or death.
Don’t handle the plug or the appliance with wet hands
or while standing in water.
Use only an extension cord recommended for outdoor
cold-weather use.
Extension Cord Length
Minimum Wire Gauge (A.W.G.)
100 feet
150 feet
To stop the rotor, release the control bar.
Operating Tips
If snowthrower hits an object while in operation, the object
could be thrown in operator’s or bystander’s direction.
Thrown objects could cause serious personal injury.
Keep the area to be cleared free of all objects which may be
picked up and thrown by the rotor blades.
Note: Do not use an extension cord over 150 feet.
Important: Check the extension cord frequently during use for
holes or cracks in the insulation. Do not use a damaged cord. Do
not run the cord through standing water or wet grass.
Check the condition of the snowthrower before operating it to
ensure that the rotor turns freely.
Always keep children and pets away from the area of operation.
Keep the area to be cleared free of stones, toys, or other objects
which the rotor blades can throw. Such items could be covered by
snowfall and go unnoticed. If the snowthrower strikes an object
during operation, stop the snowthrower, unplug the extension cord,
remove the obstruction, and check the snowthrower for damage.
To adjust the discharge chute, rotate the chute crank clockwise to
move the discharge chute to the left; counterclockwise to move
it to the right.
Note: The chute crank makes a noise as you turn the crank. This
is normal.
To adjust the height of the snow stream, raise or lower the chute
deflector handle (Figure 9).
Figure 10
1. Primary handle
Figure 9
When using the secondary handle, always turn the discharge
chute in the opposite direction from where you or bystanders
are standing.
A gap between the discharge chute and the chute deflector
may allow the snowthrower to throw snow and objects in
the direction of the operator. Thrown objects could cause
serious personal injury.
Do not force the chute deflector too far forward so that
a gap appears between the discharge chute and chute
Do not overtighten the locknuts that hold the chute
deflector in place.
Begin removing snow near the electrical outlet and work outward.
Blow back and forth, not away from and toward the outlet.
When turning at the end of a swath, step over the cord and turn
the snowthrower.
Always overlap each swath and discharge the snow downwind
when possible.
When clearing steps, hold the snowthrower by the primary and
secondary handles and use a swinging or sweeping motion.
When using the secondary handle, never direct the snow
discharge chute at the operator or bystanders. The
snowthrower can throw objects and cause serious personal
1. Chute deflector handle
2. Secondary handle
To shave down large banks of snow, lift the snowthrower by
the primary and secondary handles (Figure 10) and place the
snowthrower on the bank. Let the weight of the snowthrower
shave down the bank in a back-and-forth motion.
Keep the extension cord clear of obstructions, sharp objects, and
all moving parts. Do not pull sharply on cord or abuse it in any
manner. Frequently inspect the extension cord for damage that
may result in an electric shock. If the extension cord becomes
damaged, replace it.
In cold and snowy weather conditions, some controls and moving
parts may freeze. Therefore, when any control becomes difficult
to operate, stop the motor, disconnect the extension cord, and
check for frozen parts. Do not use excessive force when trying to
operate frozen controls. Free all the controls and moving parts
before operating.
When operating the snowthrower, keep the wheels 1 inch (2.5 cm)
off the pavement by tipping the snowthrower forward. This helps
prevent the snow from building up on the wheels.
After clearing the snow, let the motor run for a few minutes so
that moving parts don’t freeze. Then shut off the motor, wait
for all moving parts to stop, and wipe the ice and snow off the
snowthrower. Rotate the chute crank several times to remove
the snow.
Use a 5/16 inch Allen wrench to turn the rotor shaft clockwise
(left-hand thread) while holding the rotor (Figure 13).
Important: All electrical repairs should be performed only by an
Authorized Service Dealer.
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the
normal operating position.
If the extension cord is plugged into the snowthrower,
someone could accidentally operate snowthrower while you
are performing maintenance on it, causing serious personal
Figure 13
1. Rotor shaft
Disconnect the extension cord before you perform any
2. Rotor
Note: You may need to tap the Allen wrench with a hammer to
loosen the rotor shaft. Wedge a stick or a hammer handle in the
rotor to prevent it from rotating.
Note: If you cannot remove the rotor shaft by holding the rotor,
remove the left side cover and the skid (Figure 14).
Lubricating the Snowthrower
You do not need to lubricate the snowthrower; all the bearings were
lubricated at the factory for the life of the snowthrower.
Replacing the Scraper
The scraper is located at the bottom of the rotor housing as shown
in Figure 11.
Figure 14
1. Left side cover
2. Skid
Hold the hex nut with a 7/8 inch wrench while unscrewing the rotor
shaft (Figure 15).
Figure 11
1. Scraper
2. Screw (2)
Remove the 2 screws that secure the scraper to the snowthrower
(Figure 11).
Install the new scraper and fasten it securely with 2 screws.
Figure 15
1. Hex nut
Replacing the Rotor
Remove the 3 screws that secure the right side cover and the skid 5.
to the snowthrower frame (Figure 12).
Hold the rotor and pull out the rotor shaft.
Remove the rotor.
Align the left side of the new rotor with the coupler.
Note: The 3 bosses on the rotor end must align with the slots on
the coupler (Figure 16).
Figure 12
1. Right side cover
2. Screw
3. Skid
Figure 18
Figure 16
1. Coupler
2. Boss
1. Large pulley
3. Slot
4. Drive hex
2. Belt
Slip the new belt over the small pulley (Figure 19).
Note: When mounting the coupler to the drive hex, align the
coupler tabs to the inside.
Slide the right side of the rotor into the mounting position.
Insert the rotor shaft through the rotor and ensure that the shaft fits
into the bearing on the right side.
Torque it to at least 10 ft-lb (14 N⋅m).
10. Install the cover and the skid.
Replacing the Large Belt
Remove the 3 screws that secure the left side plate to the
snowthrower frame (Figure 14).
Remove the side plate and the skid.
Figure 19
1. Idler arm
2. Idler pulley
3. Small pulley
Lift up the idler arm and slip the belt under the idler pulley
(Figure 19).
Rotate the rotor with your left hand while sliding the belt onto the
large pulley with your right hand (Figure 20).
The idler spring could fly in your face while you remove it,
causing personal injury.
Wear safety goggles when working with the idler spring.
Remove the idler spring from the idler arm (Figure 17).
Figure 20
Assemble the idler spring (Figure 17), ensuring that the idler pulley
rides on the belt.
Install the left side cover and the skid with the 3 screws.
Replacing the Small Belt
Figure 17
1. Idler spring
2. Idler arm
Rotate the rotor with your left hand while sliding the belt off the
large pulley with your right hand (Figure 18).
Remove the screws that secure the left side plate and the skid to
the snowthrower frame (Figure 14).
Remove the side plate and the skid.
Remove the large belt by slowly sliding it off the small pulley (Fig.
Figure 18).
Note: Refer to steps 2 and 3 of Replacing the Large Belt.
Remove the small pulley bolt (left hand thread) by turning the bolt
Remove the 2 washers and the small pulley (Figure 21).
Service Dealer. Your Toro Dealer is specially trained to repair Toro
products and will ensure that your Toro stays “All” Toro.
Double-insulated Appliances
In a double-insulated appliance, two systems of insulation are
provided instead of grounding. No grounding means is provided on
a double-insulated appliance, nor should a means for grounding
be added to the appliance. Servicing a double-insulated appliance
requires extreme care and knowledge of the system, and should be
done only by the qualified service personnel at your Authorized Toro
Service Dealer. Replacement parts for a double-insulated appliance
must be identical to the parts they replace. A double-insulated
appliance is marked with the words “Double Insulation” or “Double
may also be
Insulated.” The symbol (square within a square)
marked on the appliance.
Figure 21
1. Bolt (left-hand thread)
2. Washers
3. Small pulley
4. Small belt
5. Motor shaft pulley
Remove and discard the small belt (Figure 21).
Product Information
Slide 2 washers onto the bolt and insert the bolt through the small
A model and serial number decal is located on the housing. Always
refer to specific numbers o the decal in correspondence or when you
need replacement parts.
Note: The bolt must ride on the bearings in the small pulley.
Place the new belt on the small pulley.
Slide the belt over the motor shaft pulley (Figure 21).
10. Torque the bolt to 25 to 30 in-lb (2.8 to 3.4 N·m). Do not overtighten
the bolt.
Note: The bolt, the bolt head, and the washers must be flush
against the small pulley.
11. Slip the large belt over the small pulley (Figure 21). Refer to
Replacing the Large Belt.
Disconnect the extension cord from the snowthrower.
Examine the extension cord thoroughly for signs of wear or
damage. Replace it if it is worn or damaged.
Examine the snowthrower thoroughly for worn, loose, or damaged
parts. To repair or replace parts, contact an local Authorized
Service Dealer for assistance.
Store the extension cord with the snowthrower.
Store the snowthrower in a clean, dry place.
Toro has designed this product to give you years of trouble free use.
Should it need service, bring the product to your Authorized Toro
Run the snowthrower for a few minutes to melt away any snow on
the snowthrower.
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