Toro 1800 Power Curve Snowthrower User manual

Toro 1800 Power Curve Snowthrower User manual
Form No. 3373-449 Rev A
1800 Power
Model No. 38381—Serial No. 313000001 and Up
Operator's Manual
Register your product at
When using an electrical appliance, basic precautions should
always be followed, including the following:
WARNING—To reduce the risk of fire, electric
shock, or injury, follow these safety instructions.
It is essential that you or any other operator of the appliance
read and understand the contents of this manual before operating
the appliance. Pay particular attention to the safety alert symbol
which means CAUTION, WARNING, or DANGER—personal
safety instruction. Read and understand the instruction because it
has to do with safety. Failure to comply with these instructions
may result in personal injury, risk of fire, or electrical shock.
Double insulation—The power cord and switch used on this
machine cannot be replaced, and the equipment shall be disposed
Do not abuse the cord—Never carry the appliance by its cord or
yank on the extension cord to disconnect the appliance from the
receptacle. Keep the cord from heat, oil, and sharp edges.
Keep hands away from moving parts.
Keep guards in place and in working order.
Do not force the appliance—It will perform better and safer at
the rate for which it was designed.
Do not overreach—Watch your footing and keep your balance
at all times.
If the appliance strikes a foreign object, follow these steps:
Immediately release the control bar to stop the appliance.
Unplug the power cord.
Inspect for damage.
Repair any damage before starting and operating the
Disconnect the appliance—Disconnect the appliance from the
power supply when not in use, before servicing, when changing
accessories, etc.
Do not use the appliance on graveled surface unless it is adjusted
for such a surface in accordance with the Operator’s Manual.
Store an idle appliance indoors. When the appliance is not in
use, it should be stored indoors in a dry, secured place out of the
reach of children.
Keep children and bystanders away—All visitors should be kept
at a distance from the work area.
Maintain the appliance with care—Follow instructions for
changing accessories.
Dress properly—Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry. They
can be caught in moving parts.
Wear rubber boots when operating the appliance.
Operating the appliance in the hand-held position is unsafe,
except in accordance with the special instructions for such use
provided in the Operator’s Manual.
This appliance meets or exceeds the B71.3 specifications
of the American National Standards Institute in effect at the
time of production.
Read and understand the contents of this manual before you
start the motor.
Warning—To prevent electric shock, use the appliance only with
an extension cord suitable for outdoor use.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to
potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages
that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury or death.
Extension cords—To prevent the appliance cord and the
extension cord from disconnecting during operation, connect the
extension cord to the appliance as shown in Figure 9.
Improperly using or maintaining this appliance could result
in injury or death. To reduce this potential, comply with the
following safety instructions.
Avoid accidental starting—Do not carry the appliance with your
finger on the switch. Ensure that the switch is off when plugging in
the appliance.
This appliance is capable of amputating hands and feet and
of throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety
instructions could result in serious injury.
If the appliance cord is damaged in any manner while it is plugged
in, disconnect the extension cord from the wall receptacle and
contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
© 2012—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
Register at
Original Instructions (EN)
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved *3373-449* A
Look behind and use care when backing up with the
Never operate the appliance without good visibility or light.
Always be sure of your footing, and keep a firm hold on the
handle. Walk; never run.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the appliance
and in the manual(s) before operating this appliance. Be
thoroughly familiar with all the controls and the proper use of
the appliance. Know how to stop the appliance and disengage
the controls quickly.
Never allow children to operate the appliance. Never allow
adults to operate the appliance without proper instruction.
Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly
small children.
Clearing a Clogged Discharge
Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling.
Hand contact with the rotating rotor blades inside the discharge
chute is the most common cause of injury associated with
snowthrowers. Never use your hand to clean out the discharge
Thoroughly inspect the area where the appliance is to be
used and remove all doormats, sleds, boards, wires, and
other foreign objects.
Do not operate the appliance without wearing adequate winter
garments. Avoid loose fitting clothing that can get caught in
moving parts. Wear footwear that will improve footing on
slippery surfaces.
Do not attempt to clear snow from a gravel or crushed rock
surface. This appliance is intended for use only on paved
Never attempt to make any adjustments while the motor
is running (except when specifically recommended by
To clear the chute:
Do not put hands or feet near or under rotating parts. Keep
clear of the discharge opening at all times.
Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing
gravel drives, walks, or roads. Stay alert for hidden hazards
or traffic.
After striking a foreign object, stop the motor, unplug the
extension cord, remove the key, and thoroughly inspect
the appliance for any damage. Repair any damage before
starting and operating the appliance.
If the appliance should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the
motor and check immediately for the cause. Vibration is
generally a warning of trouble.
Stop the motor, remove the key, and unplug the appliance
whenever you leave the operating position, before unclogging
the rotor blade housing or discharge chute, and when making
any repairs, adjustments, or inspections.
When cleaning, repairing, or inspecting the appliance, stop
the motor, remove the key, unplug the appliance, and ensure
that the rotor blades and all moving parts have stopped.
Exercise extreme caution when operating on slopes.
Never operate the appliance without proper guards and other
safety protective devices in place and working.
Never direct the discharge toward people or areas where
property damage can occur. Keep children and others away.
Do not overload the capacity of the appliance by attempting to
clear snow at too fast a rate.
Shut the motor off, remove the key, and unplug the
extension cord from the machine!
Wait 10 seconds to be sure the rotor blades have stopped
Always use a clean-out tool, not your hands.
Maintenance and Storage
Always wear safety glasses or eye shields during operation or
while performing an adjustment or repair to protect eyes from
foreign objects that may be thrown from the appliance.
Check all fasteners at frequent intervals for proper tightness
to ensure that the appliance is in safe working condition.
Always refer to the Operator’s Manual for important details if
the appliance is to be stored for an extended period.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels as needed.
Run the appliance for a few minutes after throwing snow to
prevent freeze-up of the rotor blades.
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily
visible to the operator and are located near
any area of potential danger. Replace any
decal that is damaged or lost.
1. Read the Operator’s
3. Cutting/dismemberment
hazard of hand, impeller;
hazard of foot,
auger—stop the engine
and the auger blade before
leaving the machine.
2. Thrown object
hazard—keep bystanders
a safe distance from the
4. Stay away from
moving parts, keep
all guards and shields
in place—disconnect
the machine from the
power outlet and read
the instructions before
servicing or performing
1. Read the Operator's Manual.
2. Remove decal
3. Warning
1. To engage the rotor, press the interlock switch on the
1. To disengage the rotor, release the interlock switch on the
1. Cutting/dismemberment hazard, rotor—do not place your
hand in the chute; remove the ignition key and read the
instructions before servicing or performing maintenance.
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the
normal operating position.
Installing the Upper Handle
1. Remove the handle knobs, oval bolts, and curved washers
from the lower handle.
Figure 2
2. Install the upper handle to the lower handle of the machine
with the handle knobs, curved washers, and oval bolts as
shown in Figure 1.
1. Cord guide
3. Cord
2. Handle
Installing the Chute Control
1. Position the discharge chute so that it faces forward.
Important: Align the arrow on the discharge chute with
the arrow on the housing (Figure 3).
Figure 1
1. Handle knob (2)
4. Lower handle
2. Curved washer (2)
5. Upper handle
3. Oval bolt (2)
Note: Ensure that the power cord attached to the machine
is routed over the lower handle and to the inside of the
handle assembly.
Figure 3
1. Discharge chute
2. Align the arrows
3. Tighten the handle knobs firmly by hand.
2. Insert the end of the chute control rod through the keyed
hole in the bracket that is attached to the top of the lower
handle (Figure 4).
4. Attach the cord guide to the handle (Figure 2).
Figure 4
1. Keyed hole
2. Bracket
3. Remove the decal that covers the keyed hole in the back of
the housing (Figure 5).
Figure 6
1. Handle on the chute control rod
5. Firmly push the rod into the keyed hole in the back of the
housing until it snaps into place.
6. Move the handle on the chute control rod to ensure that it
moves in the same direction as the chute (Figure 7).
Figure 5
1. Decal
2. Keyed hole
Figure 7
4. Ensure that the handle of the chute control rod points
upward (Figure 6), and insert the rod into the keyed hole
in the back of the housing.
Product Overview
Extension Cord Length
Minimum Wire Gauge
100 feet
150 feet
Note: Do not use an extension cord over 150 feet.
Important: Check the extension cord frequently during use
for holes or cracks in the insulation. Do not use a damaged
cord. Do not run the cord through standing water or wet
Note: To prevent the extension cord from disconnecting during
operation, use the cord lock on the upper handle before you
connect it to the machine (Figure 9).
Figure 8
1. Rotor blades
2. Belt cover (not shown)
8. Interlock button
9. Key
3. Chute deflector
10. Upper handle
4. Chute deflector trigger
11. Power control bar
5. Discharge chute handle
12. Cord
6. Cord guide
13. Handle knobs
7. Chute control rod
14. Discharge chute
Figure 9
1. Cord lock
2. Extension cord
Important: This machine is intended for outdoor, residential
use only. Do not use it indoors or for commercial or industrial
A damaged appliance cord can cause a shock or fire.
Thoroughly inspect the appliance cord before using
the machine. If the cord is damaged, do not operate the
machine. The supply cord or switch of this equipment
cannot be replaced, and the equipment shall be
disposed of.
Connecting to a Power Source
To reduce the risk of electric shock, this machine has a polarized
plug (i.e., one blade is wider than the other). Use only a
polarized plug, UL-listed (CSA certified in Canada) extension
cord recommended for outdoor use. A polarized plug will fit in a
polarized cord only one way. If the plug does not fit fully in the
cord, reverse the cord. If it still does not fit, purchase a polarized
extension cord. If you have a polarized extension cord and the
extension cord plug does not fit fully into the wall receptacle,
reverse the plug. If it still does not fit, contact a qualified electrician
to install the proper outlet. Do not change the machine or
extension cord plug in any way.
Starting and Stopping the
1. To start the motor, insert the key, press and hold the interlock
button, and squeeze the power control bar (Figure 10).
Contact with water while operating the machine could
cause electric shock, causing injury or death.
• Don't handle the plug or the machine with wet
hands or while standing in water.
• Use only an extension cord recommended for
outdoor cold-weather use.
A gap between the discharge chute and the chute
deflector may allow the machine to throw snow and
objects in the direction of the operator. Thrown objects
could cause serious personal injury.
• Do not force the chute deflector too far forward so
that a gap appears between the discharge chute
and chute deflector.
• Do not adjust the chute deflector with the power
control bar engaged. Release the power control bar
before adjusting the chute deflector.
Operating Tips
Figure 10
1. Key
If the machine hits an object while in operation, the
object could be thrown in operator's or bystander's
direction. Thrown objects could cause serious
personal injury.
3. Power control bar
2. Interlock button
Note: You may release the interlock button after you
squeeze and hold the power control bar to the handle.
Keep the area to be cleared free of all objects which
may be picked up and thrown by the rotor blades.
2. To stop the motor, release the power control bar.
Note: When you stop the machine after you have finished
removing the snow, also remove the key and disconnect
the extension cord.
Check the condition of the machine before operating it to
ensure that the rotor turns freely.
Always keep children and pets away from the area of
Keep the area to be cleared free of stones, toys, or other
objects which the rotor blades can throw. Such items could
be covered by snowfall and go unnoticed. If the machine
strikes an object during operation, stop the machine, unplug
the extension cord, remove the obstruction, and check the
machine for damage.
Begin removing snow near the electrical outlet and work
outward. Blow back and forth, not away from and toward the
When turning at the end of a swath, step over the cord and
turn the machine.
Always overlap each swath and discharge the snow downwind
when possible.
Adjusting the Discharge Chute
and Chute Deflector
To adjust the discharge chute, move the handle on the chute
control rod in the direction that you wish to direct the snow stream
(Figure 6 and Figure 7).
To adjust the chute deflector (and therefore the height of the snow
stream), squeeze the trigger and raise or lower the chute deflector
(Figure 11).
When using the discharge chute handle, never
direct the snow discharge chute at the operator or
bystanders. The machine can throw objects and
cause serious personal injury.
When using the discharge chute handle, always
turn the discharge chute in the opposite direction
from where you or bystanders are standing.
Figure 11
1. Chute deflector trigger
Keep the extension cord clear of obstructions, sharp objects,
and all moving parts. Do not pull sharply on cord or abuse
it in any manner. Inspect the extension cord frequently for
damage that may result in an electric shock. If the extension
cord is damaged, replace it.
In cold and snowy weather conditions, some controls and
moving parts may freeze. Therefore, if any control becomes
difficult to operate, stop the motor, disconnect the extension
cord, and check for frozen parts. Do not use excessive force
when trying to operate frozen controls. Bring the machine
indoors to thaw frozen controls before operating it.
When operating the machine, keep the wheels 1 inch (2.5 cm)
off the pavement by tipping the machine forward. This helps
prevent the snow from building up on the wheels.
After clearing the snow, let the motor run for a few minutes
so that moving parts do not freeze. Then shut off the motor,
wait for all moving parts to stop, and wipe the ice and snow
off the machine. Rotate the chute crank several times to
remove any snow.
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the
normal operating position.
If the extension cord is plugged into the machine,
someone could accidentally operate the machine while
you are performing maintenance on it, causing serious
personal injury.
Remove the key and disconnect the extension cord
before you perform any maintenance on the machine.
Lubricating the Machine
You do not need to lubricate the machine; all the bearings have
been lubricated at the factory for the life of the machine.
Replacing the Scraper
The scraper is located at the bottom of the rotor housing as shown
in Figure 12.
Figure 12
1. Scraper
1. Remove the screw from each side plate that holds the
scraper (Figure 13) and 2 screws from under the machine
(Figure 14) that secure the scraper to the machine.
Figure 13
1. Screw (2)
4. Install the new rotor by inserting the end of the rotor onto the
fitted end in the housing and rotating the rotor until it snaps
into place (Figure 17).
Figure 14
1. Screws
2. Remove and discard the old scraper.
3. Install the new scraper, and fasten it securely with the 4
screws that you previously removed.
Figure 17
Replacing the Rotor
1. Fitted end of the rotor
1. Remove the screws that secure the right side plate to the
machine frame (Figure 15).
Note: Ensure that the nut that secures the rotor pin remains
inside the recessed hole in the right inside wall of the
Note: The housing will flex when you install the rotor.
5. Tighten the bolt on the side of the housing.
6. Install the right side plate with the screws that you removed
in step 1.
Toro has designed this machine to give you years of trouble-free
use. Should it need service, bring the machine to an Authorized
Toro Service Dealer, who is specially trained to repair Toro
products and will ensure that your Toro stays “all” Toro.
Figure 15
Double-insulated Appliances
2. Remove the rotor pin (Figure 16).
In a double-insulated appliance, two systems of insulation
are provided instead of grounding. No grounding means is
provided on a double-insulated appliance, nor should a means for
grounding be added to the appliance. Servicing a double-insulated
appliance requires extreme care and knowledge of the system,
and should be done only by the qualified service personnel at
an Authorized Toro Service Dealer. Replacement parts for a
double-insulated appliance must be identical to the parts they
replace. A double-insulated appliance is marked with the words
“Double Insulation” or “Double Insulated.” The symbol (square
within a square)
may also be marked on the appliance.
Product Information
A model and serial number decal is located on the housing.
Always refer to specific numbers on the decal in correspondence
or when you need replacement parts.
Figure 16
1. Rotor pin
3. Remove the old rotor.
1. Run the machine for a few minutes and wipe away any
melted snow on the machine.
2. Remove the key and disconnect the extension cord from
the machine.
3. Examine the extension cord thoroughly for signs of wear or
damage. Replace it if it is worn or damaged.
4. Examine the machine thoroughly for worn, loose, or
damaged parts. To repair or replace parts, contact an
Authorized Service Dealer for assistance.
5. Store the extension cord with the machine.
6. Store the machine in a clean, dry place.
The Toro Promise - Electric Products
A Two-Year Full Warranty for Residential Use for the United States and Canada
The Toro Company and its affiliate, Toro Warranty Company, pursuant to an agreement between them, jointly warrant this product for two years against
defects in material or workmanship when used for normal residential purposes.*
If you think your Toro Product contains a defect in materials or workmanship, if you have questions or problems, and before returning this product call
toll free:
1-800-237-2654 (US)
1-800-248-3258 (Canada)
1-888-367-6631 (US)
1-888-430-1687 (Canada)
1-800-808-2963 (US)
1-800-808-3072 (Canada)
To receive a replacement or repair, at our option, return the complete unit to the seller. United States and Canada customers may return their product,
with proof of purchase, to any Authorized Service Dealer. United States customers may also return their product, with proof of purchase, postage
prepaid, to the Toro Service Center, 5500 SE Delaware, Ankeny, IA 50021.
This warranty covers product defects only. Neither The Toro Company nor Toro Warranty Company is liable for indirect, incidental, or
consequential damages in connection with the use of the Toro Products covered by this warranty, including any cost or expense of providing
substitute equipment or service during reasonable periods of malfunction or non-use pending completion of repairs under this warranty.
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or consequential damages, so the above exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Countries Other than the United States and Canada
Customers who have purchased Toro products exported from the United States or Canada should contact their Toro Distributor (Dealer) to obtain
guarantee policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with your Distributor’s service or have difficulty obtaining
guarantee information, contact the Toro importer. If all other remedies fail, you may contact us at Toro Warranty Company.
Australian Consumer Law
Australian customers will find details relating to the Australian Consumer Law either inside the box or at your local Toro Dealer.
* Residential use means use of the product on the same lot as your home.
Part Number 374-0262 Rev. E
374-0262 Rev E
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