Toro 31" Single Action Hedge Trimmer, 24" Dual Action Hedge Trimmer User manual

Toro 31
FORM NO. 3321–132
ProLine Hedge Trimmer
Model No. 53040 — 8900001 & Up
Model No. 53041 — 8900001 & Up
16” & 18” Gas
Modèle No. 51903 — 790000001 et suivants
Modèle No. 51904 — 790000001 et suivants
Modèle No. 51906 — 790000001 et suivants
Modèle No. 51907 — 790000001 et suivants
16” & 18” Gas
Modelos N. 51903 — 790000001 y siguientes
Modelos N. 51904 — 790000001 y siguientes
Modelos N. 51906 — 790000001 y siguientes
Modelos N. 51907 — 790000001 y siguientes
Operator’s Manual
Manuel de l’Utilisateur
Manual del Usuario
WARNING:
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Figures
1
3
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1. Blades
2. Front Guard/Model and
Serial Number Decal
3. Front Handle
4. Engine
Starter Grip
Stop Switch
Rear Handle
Fuel Tank
Throttle Trigger
1. 10 feet (3 m) Minimum
2
4
1. Blade
2. Right Handle/Model and
Serial Number Decal
3. Engine
4. Starter Grip
5.
6.
7.
8.
Throttle Trigger
Left Handle
Stop Switch
Fuel Tank
1. Nut (typical)
The Toro Company – 1997
Printed in USA
All Rights Reserved
i
5
7
m-2937
1. Primer Bulb
2. Fuel Return Line
6
1. Stop Switch
2. Fast-idle Lock
3. Throttle Trigger (in idle
position)
m-3019
1. Starter Handle
ii
2. Choke Lever
m-3016
4. Throttle Trigger (in
fast-idle start position)
8
10
m-2931
1. Wire
2. Fuel Pick-up Hose
m-2929
3. Fuel Filter
11
1. Idle Speed Adjustment Screw
9
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
1. Air Filter Cover
1. Muffler Cover
m-2927
2. Socket Head Screw
12
m-2930
2. Foam Filter
1. Screw
m-2934
2. Cylinder Cover
iii
13
15
ÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎ
m-2936
m-2932
1. Gearcase Grease Fitting
1. .024”–.028” (0.6–0.7 mm)
16
14
1. Spark Arrester
2. Washer
iv
m-2935
3. Screw
1. Spark Plug
m-2940
Contents
Page
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
Operator Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
Power Hedge Trimmer Safety . . . . . . . . . .
2
Fuel Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Power Hedge Trimmer Operating Safety . .
3
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . .
4
Before Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Oil and Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Mixing Gasoline And Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Adjusting The Cutting Blades . . . . . . . . . .
7
Starting And Stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
Idle Speed Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Cylinder Cooling Fins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Spark Arrester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Lubrication: Gearcase And Blades . . . . . .
11
General Cleaning and Tightening . . . . . . .
12
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Federal and California Emission Control
Warranty Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing a Toro product.
All of us at Toro want you to be completely satisfied
with your new product, so feel free to contact your
local Authorized Service Dealer for help with service,
genuine Toro parts, or other information you may
require.
Whenever you contact your Authorized Service
Dealer or the factory, always know the model and
serial numbers of your product. These numbers will
help the Service Dealer or Service Representative
provide exact information about your specific
product. You will find the model and serial number
decal located in a unique place on the product
(Figs. 1 and 2).
For your convenience, write the product model and
serial numbers in the space below.
Model No.
Serial No.
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate
and maintain your product correctly. Reading this
manual will help you and others avoid personal injury
and damage to the product. Although Toro designs,
produces and markets safe, state-of-the-art products,
you are responsible for using the product properly
and safely. You are also responsible for training
persons who you allow to use the product about safe
operation.
The Toro warning system in this manual identifies
potential hazards and has special safety messages that
help you and others avoid personal injury, even death.
DANGER, WARNING and CAUTION are signal
words used to identify the level of hazard. However,
regardless of the hazard, be extremely careful.
1
DANGER signals an extreme hazard that will cause
serious injury or death if the recommended
precautions are not followed.
WARNING signals a hazard that may cause serious
injury or death if the recommended precautions are
not followed.
CAUTION signals a hazard that may cause minor or
moderate injury if the recommended precautions are
not followed.
4.
Always wear heavy, long pants, boots and
gloves. Do not wear loose clothing, jewelry,
short pants, sandals, or go barefoot. Secure hair
so it is above shoulder length.
5.
Never operate this Hedge Trimmer when you are
tired, ill, or under the influence of alcohol, drugs
or medication.
6.
Never start or run the engine inside a closed
room or building. Breathing exhaust fumes can
cause death.
7.
Keep handles clean of oil, fuel and dirt.
Two other words are also used to highlight
information. “Important” calls attention to special
mechanical information and “Note” emphasizes
general information worthy of special attention.
Safety
Operator Safety
1.
2.
Read and understand this Operator’s Manual
before using this product. Be thoroughly familiar
with the proper use of this product.
Always wear eye protection that complies with
ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
Z87–1.
Power Hedge Trimmer Safety
1.
Shut off the engine and wait until the cutting
blades have completely stopped moving before
checking, performing maintenance on or
working on the Hedge Trimmer.
2.
Inspect the Hedge Trimmer before each use.
Replace damaged parts. Check for fuel leaks.
Make sure all fasteners are in place and tightened
securely. Follow the maintenance instructions
beginning on page 9.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• The cutting blades are extremely sharp and
dangerous at all times.
3.
Always wear hearing protection.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• The cutting blades can cause severe cuts or
other serious injuries.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Do not touch the sharpened edges of the
cutting blades.
• Always wear gloves to help protect your
hands and fingers from injury
2
3.
Inspect the Hedge Trimmer cutting blades and
guide. Replace any parts that are cracked,
chipped or damaged before using the Hedge
Trimmer. Refer to Adjusting the Cutting Blades
on page 7.
4.
Never use replacement parts that are not
approved by Toro.
5.
Maintain the Hedge Trimmer according to the
recommended maintenance intervals and
procedures in the Maintenance section on
page 9.
6.
If running problems or excessive vibration occur,
stop immediately and inspect the unit for the
cause. If the cause cannot be determined or is
beyond your ability to correct, return the Hedge
Trimmer to your servicing dealer for repair.
Fuel Safety
1.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled and stored carefully. Use a container
approved for fuel for storing gasoline and/or
fuel/oil mixture.
9.
Drain the tank and run the engine dry before
storing the unit.
10. Store fuel and the Hedge Trimmer away from
open flame, sparks and excessive heat. Make
sure fuel vapors cannot reach sparks or open
flames from water heaters, furnaces, electric
motors, etc.
Power Hedge Trimmer
Operating Safety
1.
THIS HEDGE TRIMMER CAN CAUSE
SERIOUS INJURIES. Read the instructions
carefully. Be familiar with all controls and the
proper use of the Hedge Trimmer.
2.
Never allow children to operate the Trimmer.
3.
Keep the area of operation clear of all persons,
particularly small children and pets.
4.
The Trimmer blades are extremely sharp. Do not
put hands or feet near or under any moving parts.
Keep your body clear of the blades at all times.
5.
Always keep the protective cover over the sharp
edges of the blades when the Trimmer is not
being used.
6.
Use the Trimmer only in daylight or good
artificial light.
7.
Inspect your work area before you begin.
Remove string, rope or similar materials which
can become entangled in the Trimmer blades.
2.
Mix and pour fuel outdoors and where there are
no sparks or flames.
3.
Do not smoke near fuel or the Hedge Trimmer,
or while using the Hedge Trimmer.
4.
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Stop filling 1/4–1/2
inch (6mm–13mm) from the top of the tank.
8.
Avoid hidden hazards. Watch for hidden objects
within your working area such as chain link
fences, cables, wires, telephone and power lines.
5.
Wipe up any spilled fuel before starting the
engine.
9.
6.
Move the Trimmer at least 10 feet (3 m) away
from the fueling location before starting the
engine (Fig. 3).
Never operate the Trimmer without proper
guards or other protective safety devices in
place.
7.
8.
Do not remove the Trimmer fuel tank cap while
the engine is running, or right after stopping the
engine.
Allow the engine to cool before refueling.
10. Keep firm footing and balance. Do not
overreach. Do not operate the Trimmer while
standing on a ladder or similar temporary
support.
11. Use the right tool for the job. Do not use the
Trimmer for any job that is not recommended by
Toro.
3
Safety and Instruction Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near
any area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
ON BLADE
(Part No. M591450)
ON HANDLE
(Part No. M591449)
ON ENGINE
(Part No. M266291)
4
Before Operation
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Gasoline contains gasses that can build up
pressure inside a gas tank.
Oil and Fuel
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Fuel can be sprayed on you when removing
gas cap.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Remove fuel cap slowly to avoid injury
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• In certain conditions gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• A fire or explosion from gasoline can burn
you, others, and cause property damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Use a funnel and fill the fuel tank outdoors,
in an open area, when the engine is cold.
Wipe up any gasoline that spills.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full.
Add gasoline to the fuel tank until the level
is 1/4” to 1/2” (6mm to 13mm) below the
bottom of the filler neck. This empty space
in the tank allows gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and
stay away from an open flame or where
gasoline fumes may be ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container
and keep it out of the reach of children.
• Never buy more than a 30-day supply of
gasoline.
1.
Do not smoke near fuel.
2.
Mix and pour fuel outdoors and where there are
no sparks or flames.
3.
Always shut off the engine before refueling.
Never remove the Hedge Trimmer fuel tank cap
while the engine is running or right after just
stopping the engine.
from fuel spray.
4.
Always open the fuel tank cap slowly to release
any possible overpressure inside the tank.
5.
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Stop filling 1/4–1/2
inch (6mm–13mm) from the top of the tank.
6.
Tighten the tank fuel cap carefully but firmly
after refilling.
7.
Wipe up any spilled fuel before starting the
engine.
8.
Move the Hedge Trimmer at least 10 feet (3 m)
away from the fueling location and fuel storage
container before starting the engine (Fig. 3).
Recommended Oil Type
Only use a two-cycle engine oil formulated for use in
high-performance, air-cooled two-cycle engines. Toro
brand 2-cycle oil is formulated for use in
high-performance, air-cooled two-cycle engines.
IMPORTANT: Do not use National Marine
Manufacturer’s Association (NMMA) or BIA
certified oils. This type of 2–cycle engine oil
does not have the proper additives for
air-cooled, 2–cycle engines and can cause
engine damage.
Do not use automotive motor oil. This type of
oil does not have the proper additives for
air-cooled, 2–cycle engines and can cause
engine damage.
5
Recommended Fuel Type
Use clean, fresh lead-free gasoline, including
oxygenated or reformulated gasoline, with an octane
rating of 85 or higher. To ensure freshness, purchase
only the quantity of gasoline that can be used in 30
days. Use of lead-free gasoline results in fewer
combustion chamber deposits and longer spark plug
life. Use of premium grade fuel is not necessary or
recommended.
Use Of Fuel Additives
IMPORTANT: NEVER USE METHANOL,
GASOLINE CONTAINING METHANOL,
GASOHOL CONTAINING MORE THAN
10% ETHANOL, PREMIUM GASOLINE,
OR WHITE GAS BECAUSE ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM DAMAGE COULD
RESULT.
DO NOT USE FUEL ADDITIVES OTHER
THAN THOSE MANUFACTURED FOR
FUEL STABILIZATION DURING
STORAGE SUCH AS TORO’S
STABILIZER/CONDITIONER OR A
SIMILAR PRODUCT. TORO’S
STABILIZER/CONDITIONER IS A
PETROLEUM DISTILLATE BASED
CONDITIONER/STABILIZER. TORO
DOES NOT RECOMMEND STABILIZERS
WITH AN ALCOHOL BASE SUCH AS
ETHANOL, METHANOL OR ISOPROPYL.
ADDITIVES SHOULD NOT BE USED TO
TRY TO ENHANCE THE POWER OR
PERFORMANCE OF MACHINE.
Mixing Gasoline And Oil
IMPORTANT: The engine used on this Hedge
Trimmer is of a 2–cycle design. The internal
moving parts of the engine, i.e., crankshaft
bearings, piston pin bearings and piston to
cylinder wall contact surfaces, require oil
mixed with the gasoline for lubrication.
Failure to add oil to the gasoline or failure to
mix oil with the gasoline at the appropriate
ratio will cause major engine damage which
will void your warranty.
For your fuel premix, only use a quality oil
designed for 2–cycle air cooled engines. Toro
50:1 2–Cycle Oil is formulated to meet the
requirements of high-performance, air-cooled
two-cycle engines.
Fuel Mixture
The fuel:oil ratio is 50 parts gasoline to 1 part oil or
50:1.
Note:
Never use a mixing ratio less than
50:1 regardless of the oil package
mixing instructions. Ratios less the
50:1, (for example, 60:1, 80:1,
100:1), reduce the amount of
lubrication to the internal moving
parts of the engine and can cause
damage.
Fuel Mixture Chart
Gasoline
6
50:1 2-cycle oil
1 gallon
2.6 oz.
2 gallons
5.2 oz.
5 gallons
12.8 oz.
Mixing Instructions
Adjusting The Cutting Blades
IMPORTANT: Never mix gasoline and oil
directly in the Hedge Trimmer fuel tank.
1.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• The cutting blades are extremely sharp and
dangerous at all times.
Always mix fuel and oil in a clean container
approved for gasoline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• The cutting blades can cause severe cuts or
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
other serious injuries.
Mark the container to identify it as fuel mix for
the Hedge Trimmer.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Do not touch the sharpened edges of the
cutting blades.
• Always wear gloves to help protect your
hands and fingers from injury
Use regular unleaded gasoline and fill the
container with half the required amount of
gasoline.
Pour the correct amount of oil into the container
then add the remaining amount of gasoline.
Close the container tightly and shake it
momentarily to evenly mix the oil and the
gasoline before filling the fuel tank on the Hedge
Trimmer.
Before operating the Hedge Trimmer, it is necessary
to check the adjustment of the cutting blades. Blades
that are too loose may vibrate, and will not provide a
clean, smooth cut.
IMPORTANT: Blades that are too tight can
cause overloading. This may damage the
equipment. Do not overtighten the blades.
1.
With the blade cover installed, loosen the nuts
on the blade screws (Fig. 4).
2.
Remove the blade cover, gently turn the blade
screws in until they are snug, then back the
screws out 1/4 to 1/2 turn (Fig. 4).
3.
Hold the blade screws in place and tighten the
nuts (Fig. 4).
4.
Always shake the premix fuel container
momentarily before filling the fuel tank
Liberally coat the cutting blades with light oil
(Fig. 15).
5.
Always use a spout or funnel when fueling to
reduce fuel spillage.
Start the engine and operate the Hedge Trimmer
at full speed for at least one minute, then stop
the engine.
6.
When the blades are motionless, touch the flat
surface of the blades with your hand. Do not
touch the cutting edges of the teeth. The blades
should be warm. If the blades are too hot to
touch, loosen the screws another 1/8 turn
(Fig. 4).
When refilling the Hedge Trimmer fuel tank,
clean around the fuel tank cap to prevent dirt and
debris from entering the tank during cap
removal.
Fill the tank only to within 1/4–1/2 inch
(6mm–13mm) from the top of the tank. Avoid
filling to the top of the tank filler neck.
7
Starting And Stopping
If the engine stops running before you move the
choke lever to the open ( ) position:
Before Starting The Engine
A. Go ahead and open the choke (Fig. 6).
1.
Fill the fuel tank as instructed in the Before
Operation section of this manual.
B.
Make sure the throttle trigger is set to the
fast-idle start position (Fig. 7).
2.
Rest the Hedge Trimmer on the ground.
C.
Pull the starter handle until the engine starts
(Fig. 6).
3.
Make sure the cutting blades are clear of
branches, shrubs, debris, etc.
4.
Keep all bystanders, children and animals away
from the working area.
Hot Restart
To start an engine that is already warmed up (hot
restart), or if the ambient temperature exceeds 68_F
(20_C):
Cold Starting Procedure
1.
The carburetors on Toro engines contain a choke
system. To start a “cold” engine properly, perform the
following procedure:
Pump the primer bulb at the bottom of the
carburetor until fuel can be seen flowing through
the fuel return line to the fuel tank (Fig. 5).
2.
Move the choke lever to the open ( ) position
and move the stop switch to the “ON” position
(Figs. 6 and 7).
3.
Leave the throttle trigger in the idle position and
pull the starter handle (Figs. 6 and 7).
4.
If the engine fails to start after three to four
pulls, follow the instructions in the Cold Starting
Procedure section above.
1.
2.
3.
4.
8
Pump the primer bulb at the bottom of the
carburetor until fuel can be seen flowing through
the fuel return line to the fuel tank (Fig. 5).
(Flowing fuel should be almost clear, not foamy
or full of bubbles.)
Move the choke lever to the closed ( ) position
and move the stop switch to the “ON” position
(Figs. 6 and 7).
Lock the throttle trigger in the fast-idle start
position, then pull the starter handle (Figs. 6
and 7).
After the engine starts, move the choke lever to
the open ( ) position, then squeeze and release
the throttle trigger to allow it to return to the idle
position (Figs. 6 and 7).
If the engine fails to start after you follow the
above procedures, contact an authorized Toro
dealer.
To Stop The Engine:
1.
Release the throttle trigger (Fig. 7).
2.
Slide the stop switch to the “STOP” position
(Fig. 7).
Idle Speed Adjustment
Contact your local authorized Toro Dealer for
assistance and servicing.
Operation
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Engine must be running to make idle speed
carburetor adjustments.
• When engine is running, the blades may
move.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Contact with blades or other moving parts
could cause serious personal injury or
death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Keep hands, feet and clothing away from
blades and other moving parts.
• Keep all bystanders and pets away from
unit while making carburetor adjustments.
• Read the Safety instructions on page 2
concerning proper use of the Hedge
Trimmer.
The Toro Hedge Trimmer is designed for cutting and
trimming foliage and small branches up to 1/4 inch
(6mm) in diameter. Although the Toro Hedge
Trimmer is capable of cutting larger diameter
branches, wear and tear on the machine would be
proportionally increased.
This Hedge Trimmer is equipped with a
non-adjustable fuel mixture carburetor. The engine
idle speed is the only adjustment for the operator.
• Always wear gloves and protective clothing
when operating the Hedge Trimmer.
The cutting blades may be moving during idle speed
adjustment. Wear the recommended personal
protective equipment and observe all safety
instructions. Keep hands and body away from the
blade area.
•
If the cutting blades become jammed, stop the
engine immediately.
•
Make certain all moving parts have stopped and
disconnect the spark plug before inspecting the
equipment for damage.
When the throttle trigger is released, the engine
should return to an idle speed between 2700 and 3300
RPM, or just below the clutch engagement speed.
The cutting blades must not move and the engine
should not stall (stop running) at engine idle speed.
•
Never use a Hedge Trimmer that has chipped,
cracked or broken cutting blades.
To adjust the engine idle speed, rotate the idle speed
adjustment screw on the carburetor (Fig. 8).
•
Turn the idle speed screw in (clockwise) to
increase the engine idle speed.
•
Turn the screw out (counterclockwise) to
decrease the engine idle speed.
If idle speed adjustment is necessary, and if after
adjustment the cutting blades move or the engine
stalls, stop using the Hedge Trimmer immediately!
Maintenance
NOTICE:
Maintenance, replacement or repair
of the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
nonroad engine repair establishment
or individual. However, to obtain no
charge repairs under the terms and
provisions of the Toro warranty
statement, any service or emission
control part repair or replacement
must be performed by an
Authorized Toro Service Dealer.
9
Air Filter
Maintenance Interval
•
The air filter should be cleaned daily, or more
often when working in extremely dusty
conditions.
•
Replace after every 100 hours of operation.
5.
While still holding on to the fuel hose, attach the
new fuel filter.
6.
Drop the new fuel filter back into the fuel tank.
7.
Make sure that the fuel filter is not stuck in a
corner of the tank, and that the fuel hose is not
doubled over (kinked) before refueling.
Spark Plug
Air Filter Cleaning
1.
Unsnap the air filter cover (Fig. 9).
2.
Remove the foam filter (Fig. 9).
3.
Clean the filter with warm, soapy water. Let the
filter completely dry.
4.
Apply a light coat of SAE 30 motor oil to the
foam filter and squeeze out all excess oil.
5.
Reassemble the filter and filter cover (Fig. 9).
Maintenance Interval
•
The spark plug should be removed from the
engine and checked after each 25 hours of
operation.
•
Replace the spark plug after every 100 hours of
operation.
Spark Plug Maintenance
1.
With the engine at ambient (room) temperature,
remove the socket head screw holding the
muffler cover, then remove the muffler cover
(Fig. 11).
Maintenance Interval
2.
Loosen the cylinder cover screw and lift off the
cylinder cover (Fig. 12).
The fuel filter should be replaced after every 100
hours of operation.
3.
Twist the high tension lead boot on the spark
plug back and forth a couple of times to loosen
the boot, then pull the boot off of the spark plug.
Fuel Filter Replacement
4.
Remove the spark plug.
The fuel filter is attached to the end of the fuel
pick-up hose inside the fuel tank (Fig. 10).
5.
Clean the electrodes with a stiff brush (Fig. 13).
6.
Adjust the electrode air gap to .024–.028 in.
(0.6–0.7mm) (Fig. 13).
7.
Replace the spark plug if it is oil-fouled,
damaged, or if the electrodes are worn down.
8.
Do not overtighten the spark plug when
installing. The tightening torque is 95–148 in.
lbs. (10.7–16.6 NSm).
9.
Reinstall the cylinder and muffler covers (Figs.
11 and 12).
Fuel Filter
To replace the fuel filter:
1.
Make sure the fuel tank is empty.
2.
Remove the fuel cap.
3.
Using a wire hook, gently pull the fuel filter out
through the fuel filler opening (Fig. 10).
4.
Grasp the fuel hose next to the fuel filter fitting
and remove the filter, but do not release the hose.
10
Cylinder Cooling Fins
Maintenance Interval
•
The spark arrester should be inspected and
cleaned after every 25 hours of use.
The cylinder cooling fins should be cleaned after
every 25 hours of operation, or once a week,
whichever comes first.
•
Replace the screen if it cannot be thoroughly
cleaned, or if it is damaged.
Air must flow freely around and through the cylinder
cooling fins to prevent engine overheating. Leaves,
grass, dirt and debris buildup on the fins will increase
the operating temperature of the engine, which can
reduce engine performance and shorten engine life.
Spark Arrester Maintenance
Maintenance Interval
Cooling Fin Cleaning
1.
With the engine cool (ambient or room
temperature), remove the socket head screw
holding the muffler cover, then remove the
muffler cover (Fig. 11).
2.
Loosen the cylinder cover screw and remove the
cylinder cover (Fig. 12).
3.
Clean all dirt and debris from the cooling fins
and from around the cylinder base.
4.
Reinstall the cylinder cover and the muffler
cover (Figs 11 and 12).
Spark Arrester
The spark arrester is installed inside the exhaust
outlet of the muffler. One screw located on the side of
the exhaust outlet holds the spark arrester in place
(Fig. 14). To remove the spark arrester:
1.
Remove the socket head screw holding the
muffler cover, then remove the muffler cover
(Fig. 11).
2.
Remove the spark arrester retaining screw and
washer, then carefully withdraw the spark
arrester using a suitable pair of pliers. Do not
crush or distort the spark arrester flange during
removal (Fig. 14).
3.
Clean the spark arrester with a safety solvent and
a stiff brush. If the spark arrester cannot be
thoroughly cleaned, it must be replaced.
4.
Reinstall the spark arrester and muffler cover
(Figs. 11 and 14).
Lubrication: Gearcase And
Blades
The gearcase and blades should be lubricated after
each 10 hours of use.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Muffler surface becomes hot when
Trimmer is in operation and remains hot
for some time after the engine is shut off.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Contact with hot muffler surfaces could
cause a burn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Make sure the muffler is cool before
inspecting and cleaning the spark arrester.
The gearcase has a felt wick located at the blade
opening. As the Hedge Trimmer is used, the grease
within the gearcase becomes very soft. The
reciprocating blades constantly draw small amounts
of grease between the blade contact surfaces for
additional lubrication (Fig. 15).
IMPORTANT: If the gearcase is not
lubricated at the recommended intervals, a
gearcase failure will occur due to a lack of
lubrication. Gearcase failure due to improper
maintenance is not covered by warranty.
11
If the Hedge Trimmer is used under
severe conditions such as high ambient
temperatures (above 75_F/23_C), or
for extended periods of continuous
operation, the gearcase and blades
must be lubricated every two hours.
2.
Pump the primer bulb on the carburetor until all
fuel is discharged through the clear fuel return
hose.
3.
Run the engine to remove any fuel that may
remain in the carburetor.
•
Lubricate the gearcase at the grease fitting with a
good quality #2 lithium-base grease (Fig. 15).
4.
Perform all regular maintenance procedures and
any needed repairs.
•
Lubricate the blades using a light (#10 wt.) oil
(Fig. 15).
5.
Remove the spark plug and squirt a very small
amount of oil into the cylinder.
Note:
General Cleaning and
Tightening
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Oil may squirt out of the spark plug
opening when you pull the starter cord.
The Toro Hedge Trimmer will provide maximum
performance for many, many hours if it is maintained
properly.
•
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Oil squirting out of the spark plug opening
can cause injuries.
Good maintenance includes regular checking of
all fasteners for correct tightness, and cleaning of
the entire machine.
•
Pitch and gum deposits should be removed from
the cutting blades daily.
•
Check the adjustment of the cutting blade
tension regularly (see page 7).
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Protect your eyes and keep your face away
from the spark plug opening.
6.
Pull the starter cord once.
7.
Slowly pull the starter cord to bring the piston to
the top of the cylinder (TDC).
8.
Reinstall the spark plug.
For long-term storage of the Hedge Trimmer
(Fig. 16):
9.
Liberally lubricate the blades with a light
(#10 wt.) oil.
1.
10. Store the Hedge Trimmer in a dry place away
from excessive heat, sparks or open flame.
Storage
12
Empty the fuel tank into a suitable fuel storage
container.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Cause
Engine Will Not Start
Engine Will Not Idle
Action
STOP switch set to off position
Empty fuel tank
Move switch to on position
Fill fuel tank
Primer bulb wasn’t pushed enough
Press primer bulb until fuel flows
through fuel return line
Engine flooded
Use warm engine starting
procedure with throttle trigger in
fast-idle start position
Idle speed set incorrectly
Set idle speed
Engine Lacks Power or Stalls When Throttle wire has come loose
Cutting
Dirty air filter
Tighten throttle wire
Clean or replace air filter
If further assistance is required, contact your local authorized Toro service dealer.
Specifications
Dimensions
53040
Engine
Length
40.6 in (103 cm)
Width
8.6 in (22 cm)
Model
Commercial
Height
9.4 in (24 cm)
Engine Type
Air-Cooled, 2-Cycle
Dry Weight
12 lbs (5.4 kg)
Displacement
23cc
Cutting Length
24 in (61 cm)
Ignition Type
Solid State
Spark Plug
NGK BPM6Y
Spark Plug Gap
.024–.028 in
(0.6–0.7mm)
Length
41.7 in (106 cm)
Lubrication
Fuel/Oil Mixture
Width
11 in (28 cm)
Fuel/Oil Ratio
50:1
Height
9.4 in (24 cm)
Carburetor
Walbro – Choke Type
Dry Weight
12.8 lbs. (5.8 kg)
Fuel Tank Capacity
0.5 liter
Cutting Length
30 in (76.2 cm)
53041
13
Federal and California Emission Control Warranty Statement
A Two Year Limited Warranty
Your Warranty Rights and Obligations
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and Toro
are pleased to explain the emission control system warranty on your 1995 and later utility/lawn/garden
equipment engine. In California, new utility/lawn/garden equipment engines must be designed, built and
equipped to meet the State’s stringent anti–smog standards. In other states, new 1997 and later model
year utility/lawn/garden equipment engines must be designed, built and equipped, at the time of sale, to
meet the U.S. EPA regulations for small nonroad engines. The equipment engine must be free from
defects in materials and workmanship which cause it to fail to conform with U.S. EPA standards for the
first two years of engine use from the date of sale to the ultimate purchaser. Toro must warrant the
emission control system on your utility/lawn/garden equipment engine for the period of time listed above
provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance of your utility/lawn/garden
equipment engine.
Your emission control system may include parts such as the carburetor or fuel injection system, the
ignition system, and catalytic converter. Also included may be hoses, belts, and connectors and other
emission related assemblies.
Where a warrantable condition exists, Toro will repair your engine at no cost to you including diagnosis,
parts and labor.
Manufacturer’s Warranty Coverage:
Utility/Lawn/Garden equipment engines are warranted for two years from the date of delivery. If
any emission–related part on your engine is defective in materials or workmanship, the part will be
repaired or replaced by Toro free of charge.
Owner’s Warranty Responsibilities:
•
•
•
•
•
As the engine owner, you are responsible for the performance of the required maintenance listed
in your owner’s manual. Toro recommends that you retain all receipts covering maintenance on
your equipment, but Toro cannot deny warranty solely for the lack of receipts or for your failure
to ensure the performance of all scheduled maintenance.
Any replacement part or service that is equivalent in performance and durability may be used in
non–warranty maintenance or repairs, and shall not reduce the warranty obligations of the
engine manufacturer.
As the engine owner, you should, however, be aware that Toro may deny you warranty
coverage if your engine or a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance or
unapproved modifications or parts.
You are responsible for presenting your equipment engine to a TORO Service Dealer as soon as
a problem exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of time,
not to exceed 30 days.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities or if you need a
referral to a TORO Service Dealer, please feel free to contact us at the following address:
Toro Customer Service Department
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420–1196
612–888–8801
800–348–2424
Warranted Parts:
The warranty period begins on the date the engine or equipment is delivered to a retail purchaser.
The manufacturer warrants to the initial owner and each subsequent purchaser that the engine is free
from defects in materials and workmanship which cause the engine to fail to conform with
applicable regulations for a period of two years.
Rev. 10/29/97
Failures caused by abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance are not covered. The use of add–on or
modified parts can be grounds for disallowing a warranty claim. The manufacturer is not liable to
cover failures of warranted parts caused by the use of add–on or modified parts. Toro is liable for
damages to other engine components caused by the failure of a warranted part still under warranty.
The owner is responsible for the performance of the required maintenance, as defined by the
manufacturer in the written instructions.
Any warranted part which is not scheduled for replacement as required maintenance, or which is
scheduled only for regular inspection to the effect of ”repair or replace as necessary” shall be
warranted for the warranty period. Any warranted part which is scheduled for replacement as
required maintenance shall be warranted for the period of time up to the first scheduled replacement
point for that part. Coverage under this warranty extends only to the parts listed below (the
emissions system parts) to the extent that these parts were present on the engine when purchased.
– Fuel Metering System
•
Cold start enrichment system including the choke mechanism or priming system
•
Fuel pump
•
Air fuel ratio feed back system
•
Carburetor and internal parts
•
Fuel injection system
–
Air Induction System
•
Air cleaner
•
Reed intake system
•
Intake manifold
•
Controlled hot air intake system
–
Ignition System
•
Spark plug(s)
•
Ignition coils and electronics
•
Advance/retard mechanisms
–
Catalytic Converter/Thermal Reactor System
•
Catalytic converter
•
Thermal reactor
•
Exhaust manifold
–
Air Injection System
•
Air injection system or pulse valve
•
Valves affecting distribution of air
–
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System
•
EGR valve body and piping system connecting to the intake side of the engine
•
EGR control system
–
Particulate Controls
•
Traps filters, precipators and any other device used to capture particulate emissions
–
Miscellaneous Items Used in the Above Systems
•
Vacuum, temperature, and time sensitive valves and switches
•
Electronic controls
•
Hoses, connectors, and assemblies of same
How to Get Warranty Service:
Should you feel your TORO Product requires warranty service, contact the dealer who sold you the
product or any Authorized TORO Service Dealer or TORO Master Service Dealer. The Yellow
Pages of your telephone directory is a good reference source. The dealer will either arrange service
at his/her dealership or recommend another Authorized Service Dealer who may be more
convenient. You may need proof of purchase (copy of registration card, sales receipt, etc.) for
warranty validation. The owner shall not be charged for diagnostic labor which leads to the
determination that a warranted part is defective, if the diagnostic work is performed at a warranty
station.
The Toro Company is not liable for indirect, incidental or consequential damages in connection
with the use of the TORO Products covered by this warranty, except for damages to other engine
components caused by the failure of a warranted part still under warranty. Some states do not
allow exclusions of incidental or consequential damages, so the above exclusion may not apply to
you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state.
THE TORO TOTAL COVERAGE
GUARANTEE
A OneĆYear Limited Warranty
(A TwoĆYear Full Warranty for Residential Use)
LCG
What Is Covered By This Express Warranty?
The Toro Company promises to repair any TORO Product
used for commercial, institutional, or rental purposes if defective in materials or workmanship for a period of one year from
the date of purchase. The cost of parts and labor are included, but the customer pays the transportation cost. Transportation within a 15-mile radius of a TORO ProLine Service
Dealer is covered under this warranty for Riding Products,
Mid-size Mowers and Turf Maintenance Equipment.
What Products Are Covered By This Warranty?
The following products and their attachments are covered by
this warranty:
S
Z-Master Zero Radius Tractors
S
ProLine Mid-size Mowers
S
Groundsmaster Riding Mowers
S
ProLine Hand-held Gas Products
S
Backpack Blowers
S
Commercial WPM
S
Turf Maintenance Equipment
S
Debris Management Equipment
How About Residential Use?
TORO Products used for residential use are covered by a full
two-year warranty.
What Must You Do To Keep The Warranty In Effect?
You must maintain your TORO Product by following the maintenance procedures described in the operator’s manual. Such
routine maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by
you, is at your expense.
What Does This Warranty Not Cover?
and
How Does Your State Law Relate To This Warranty?
There is no other express warranty except for special emission system coverage on some products and as described
above. This express warranty does not cover:
S
Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as
filters, fuel, lubricants, tune-up parts, blade sharpening,
brake and clutch adjustments.
S
Any product or part which has been altered or misused or
required replacement or repair due to normal wear, accidents, or lack of proper maintenance.
S
Repairs necessary due to improper fuel, contaminants in
the fuel system, or failure to properly prepare the fuel system prior to any period of non-use over three months.
S
Pickup and delivery charges for distances beyond a
15-mile radius from a TORO ProLine Service Dealer.
All repairs covered by this warranty must be performed by a
TORO Service Dealer using Toro approved replacement parts.
How Do You Get Warranty Service?
Should you feel your TORO Product contains a defect in materials or workmanship, contact the dealer who sold you the
product or any TORO ProLine Service Dealer. The Yellow
Pages of your telephone directory is a good reference
source; look under TORO Commercial Service Dealers. The
Service Dealer will either arrange service at his/her dealership or recommend another authorized Service Dealer who
may be more convenient. You may need proof of purchase
(copy of registration card, sales receipt, etc.) for warranty
validation.
The Toro Company is not liable for indirect or consequential damages in connection with the use of the TORO
Products covered by this warranty, including any cost or
expense of providing substitute equipment or service during reasonable periods of malfunction or non-use pending completion of repairs under this warranty. Some
states do not allow exclusions of incidental or consequential damages, so the above exclusion may not apply
to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with a Service Dealer’s
analysis of the defect in materials or workmanship or if you
need a referral to a TORO ProLine Service Dealer, please feel
free to contact us at the following address:
Toro Customer Service Department
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420–1196
612–888–8801 or 800–348–2424
COUNTRIES OTHER THAN THE UNITED STATES OR CANADA
Customers who have purchased TORO products exported from the United States or Canada should contact their TORO DisĆ
tributor (Dealer) to obtain guarantee policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with
your Distributor's service or have difficulty obtaining guarantee information, contact the TORO importer. If all other remedies
fail, you may contact us at The Toro Company.
Rev 6/18/97
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