Toro 11-42 Lawn Tractor User manual

Toro 11-42 Lawn Tractor User manual
FORM NO. 3311-700
OPERATOR'S
$ 57356 —
MODELS 57356 — 1000001 & UP MANUAL
11 hp (8.2 KW) FRONT ENGINE RIDER (11-42)
Ke
ELECTRIC START
The FRONT ENGINE RIDER
meets or exceeds the Amer-
ican National Standards
Institute's safety
standards for
Lawn Trac-
tors; thus, Toro proudly displays the OPEI safety
seal.
To assure maximum safety and optimum perform-
ance, and to gain Knowledge of the tractor, it is
essential that you or any other operator, read and
understand the contents of this manual before
the engine is started. Failure to comply with
the safety instructions may result in per-
sonal injury,
CL Dad
FOREWORD
The TORO Front Engine Rider contains the latest engineering and technical workmanship and should
provide long troublefree performance and service.
Since you have purchased this fine product, we are sure that dependability and performance are important
to you. TORO is also concerned about future use of the machine and safety to the user. Therefore, you
should read this manual thoroughly so that proper safety, operation and maintenance procedures are
practiced at all times. The major sections of this manual are:
1. Safety instructions 3. Before Operating 5. Maintenance
2. Setting Up Instructions 4, Operating Instructions 6. Trouble Shooting
Safety, mechanical and some general information in this manual is emphasized. DANGER, WARNING and
CAUTION identify safety messages. Whenever the triangular safety symbol appears it is followed by a
safety message that must be read and understood. More complete details concerning safety are contained
on page 3, 4 and 5. IMPORTANT identifies special mechanical information and NOTE identifies general
information worthy of special attention.
OPTIONAL SPARK ARRESTER
In some areas there are local, state or federal regulations requiring that a spark arrester be used on the
engine of this mower. if a spark arrester 15 required, order the following part from your local Toro
Distributor:
1 Spark Arrester, part no. 36-7890
These parts are approved by the United States Department of Agriculture Forestry Service. The approval
number for the exhaust system is 16362.
When mower is used or operated on any California forest, brush or grass covered land, a working
order spark arrester must be attached to muffler. If not, the operator is violating state law,
Section 4442 Public Resources Code. |
Further assistance concerning safety, operation and maintenance can be acquired by contacting your local
Authorized TORO Service Dealer. Your TORO Authorized Service Dealer can provide you with genuine
TORO replacement parts and also optional equipment for your TORO Front Engine Rider. Keep your
TORO all TORO. Buy genuine TORO parts and accessories.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
| Page Page
Safety Instructions . . - 3-4 Maintenance Interval Chart . . . . . . . 14
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . 5 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-26
Specifications 6-7 Grease Front Axle Spindles and Wheels . 15
Lose Parts „с ev a a's 8 2 wow avs ow A Lubricate Steering Shaft and Pivot Points 15
Setting Up Instructions. . . . . . . . 88 Servicing Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . 16
Install Front Wheels . . . . . 8 Changing Crankcase Qil Ss dB Bom ae id
Install Steering Wheel Assembly 8 Fuel Filter Replacement . . . . . . . 17
Install Seat 2 % 3 8 Replacing Spark Plug aa 17
Adjusting Seat 9 Adjusting Throttle-Choke Control . . . 18
Install Hitch Plate 9 Adjusting Carburetor . . . . . . . . 18
Install Cutting Unit . 9 Servicing Cutter Blades . . . . . . . . 20
Before Operating . . . . . . . 10-12 Cleaning Underside of Mower Housing . . 21
Activating and Charging Battery . . . . 10 Replacing Blade Drive Belt . . . . . . 21
Check Crankcase Oil Level . . . . . . 11 Replacing Traction Belt . .. . . . . . 22
Fill Fuel Tank With Gasoline . . . . . 11 Brake Adjustment vm we wow ce ree a AD
Check Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . 12 Wheel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Controls ... 2.224 4 44 2 2 + 2 12 Checking Safety Interlock System . . . 24
Starting and Stopping Instructions: . . . . 13 Battery Charging System . . . . . . . 24
To Start and Operate Machine . . . . . 13 Headlight Circuit . . . . . . . . . . 25
TO StOD: re me vic woe wee» воза в de Preparing Mower For Storage . . . . . 25
Break-ln . . . . . + « +. . « « . . 13 Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . 13-14 Trouble Shooting . . . . . . . . . . 27-28
Adjusting Height-of-Cut . . . . . . . 13 Identification and Ordering . . . . . . . 29
Operating Procedure . . . . . . . . . 13 Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . 29-31
Grass Cutting Tips. . . . . . . . . 14 The ToroPromise . . . . . . . Back Cover
COPYRIGHT © ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
2 The Toro Company — 1981
MINNEAPOLIS, MN 554720 — U.S.A.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This safety symbol means
WARNING or CAUTION
— PERSONAL SAFETY
INSTRUCTION — Read
the instruction because it
has to do with safety.
Failure to comply with
the instruction may result in personal injury.
TE i i ag nt al al yt
Fis [AM — a A.
The FRONT ENGINE RIDER was tested and cer-
tified by an independent laboratory for compliance
with the B71.1-1980 specifications of the Amer.
ican National Standards Institute. However, im-
proper use or maintenance by the operator or owner
of the mower can still result in injury. To reduce
the potential for any injury, comply with the fol-
lowing safety instructions. Failure to comply with
the instructions may result in personal injury,
BEFORE OPERATING
1. Read and understand the contents of this
manual before starting and operating the rider and
mower. Become familiar with all controls, and know
how to stop the engine and machine quickly,
NEVER ALLOW CHILDREN TO OPERATE THE
RIDER.
2. Keep everyone, especially children and pets,
away from the area of operation. Remove sticks,
stones, wire, and any other debris or objects which
might be picked up and thrown by the mower.
3. Keep all shields and safety devices in place. If
a shield, safety device or decal is defective or dam-
aged, repair or replace it before operation is com-
menced. Also frequently check and tighten any
loose nuts, bolts and screws.
4. Wear long pants and substantial shoes. Do not
operate the rider while barefoot, wearing sandals,
tennis shoes, sneakers, or shorts.
9. Fill fuel tank with gasoline before starting the
engine. Avoid spilling any gasoline. Since Gasoline
is highly flammable, handle it carefully — DO NOT
SMOKE.
A. Use an approved gasoline container.
B. Fill fuel tank outdoors and only when
engine is not running. Engine must be cool
to prevent a potential fire hazard.
C. Wipe up any gasoline that spilled, and in-
stall gasoline container cap and machine
fuel tank cap securely before starting the
engine,
WHILE OPERATING
6. Do not run engine indoors without adequate
ventilation. Exhaust fumes are dangerous and can
be deadly.
7. Before attempting to start the engine, shift in-
to neutral, move blade control into DISENGAGE
position and lock parking brake. Engine will not
start unless gear shift is in neutral blade control is
in DISENGAGE POSITION, and the operator is on
the vehicle seat.
8. Never carry passengers on the rider.
9. Using a riding mower demands attention; there-
fore, mow only in daylight or when there is good
artificial light. Stay alert for holes in the terrain
and other hidden hazards. To prevent tipping or
loss of control, do not drive close to a ditch or
creek.
10. Cut steep grass slopes up and down, never across
the face. When going uphill or downhill do not stop
or start suddenly. To prevent tipping or loss of
control, reduce speed on slopes and when making
sharp turns. Extreme caution must be used when
changing direction on slopes. If a steep hill must
be ascended, back the rider up the hill and drive
forward when descending.
11. Watch out for traffic when Crossing or near
roads. Always yield the right-of-way,
12. Keep face, hands, feet, or any other part of the
body and clothing away from concealed, moving,
or rotating parts such as the cutter blade, discharge
area, wheels, belts, and engine. Always sit on the
seat while operating the rider and mower.
13. When driving from one area to another, crossing
a gravel driveway, road, or sidewalk, move blade
control into DISENGAGE and raise mower hous-
ing to its highest level. This will prevent loose sand,
rocks, and other debris from being thrown by the
whirling blades.
14. Do not touch engine, muffler or muffler shields
while it is running or soon after it is stopped, be-
cause the engine and muffler components may be
hot enough to cause a burn.
15. Use only the drawbar hitch point at rear of
chassis to pull the lightweight cart that is sold as an
accessory. Limit loads to those that can be con-
trolled safely. Be very careful when backing and
turning: Never turn sharply.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
16. Before leaving the operator's position — on the
seat —or leaving rider unattended, shift transmission
into neutral, set parking brake, move blade control
into DISENGAGE, rotate ignition key to OFF, and
remove key from switch,
17. If the blade strikes a solid object or mower vi-
brates abnormally, shift transmission into neutral,
set parking brake, move blade control into DISEN-
GAGE, rotate ignition key to OFF, and remove
key from switch, Disconnect high tension wire
from spark plug, and keep wire away from the plug
to prevent possibility of accidental starting. Check
rider and mower for possible damage, bent blade,
defective belt or an obstruction, and a loose blade
or other parts. Make all repairs before restarting the
engine and operating the mower.
MAINTAINING MOWER
18. Before storing the rider, or performing any
maintenance service and adjustment, shift trans-
mission into neutral, set parking brake, move blade
control into DISENGAGE, rotate ignition key to
OFF and remove key from switch, Keep the key
in a memorable place. Also disconnect high ten-
sion wire from spark plug to prevent possibility of
accidental starting.
19. If major repairs are ever needed or assistance
is desired, contact an Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
20. If rider and mower must be tipped to perform
maintenance or an adjustment, drain gasoline from
fuel tank and oil from crankcase and remove the
battery.
21. Keep rider and mower housing in safe operating
condition by having nuts, bolts, and screws tight.
Check the blade mounting nut frequently to make
sure the nut is tight (50-60 ft-lb [68-81 N-m] ).
22. To reduce potential fire hazard, make sure en-
gine, engine compartment, transmission and brake
areas are free of excessive grease, grass, leaves and
dirt.
23. Allow engine to cool before storing rider in any
enclosure such as a garage or storage shed. Make
sure the rider fuel tank is empty if machine is to be
stored in excess of 30 days. Do not store rider near
any open flame or where gasoline fumes may be ig-
nited by a spark. Always store gasoline in a safety-
approved, red metal container. |
24. Do not overspeed the engine by changing gov-
ernor settings. Recommended engine speed is 3400
rpm. To assure safety and accuracy, have an Au-
thorized TORO Service Dealer check maximum
engine speed (3400 rpm) with a tachometer,
25. At the time of manufacture, the rider conformed
to safety standards in effect for riding mowers.
Therefore, to assure optimum performance and
safety, purchase genuine TORO replacement parts
and accessories to keep the Toro all TORO. NEVER
USE “WILL-FIT” REPLACEMENT PARTS AND
ACCESSORIES. The TORO logo assures genuine
TORO replacement parts and accessories.
Porn
PARTS a ACCESSORIES
A CAUTION
KEEP ALL SHIELDS IN PLACE.
2 BEFORE LEAVING OPERATOR'S POSITION,
A. MOVE TRANSMISSION TO NEUTRAL.
B. SET PARKING BRAKE.
C. DISENGAGE ATTACHMENT CLUTCH.
D. SHUT OFF ENGINE.
E. REMOVE IGNITION KEY.
3. WAIT FOR ALL MOVEMENT TO STOP
BEFORE SERVICING MACHINE.
4. KEEP BYSTANDERS FROM AREAS
BEING MOWED.
SAFETY AND INSTRUCTION DECALS
The following safety and instruction decals are mounted on the TORO
Front Engine Rider. Replace any that become damaged or illegible.
ON BATTERY
(Part No. 33-0340)
LOWER LEFT ADD ACID BEFORE USE
SIDE не | (GIVE CHARGE IF NECESSARY)
DASH PA E TS UCLA
(Part No. 36-2230) LEFT SIDE a SIDE
OF SEAT OF SEAT
(Part No. 36-2950) (Part No. 36-2940) UNDERSIDE OF HOOD
(Part No. 36-5190)
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SPECIFICATIONS
11-42 FRONT ENGINE RIDER ELECTRIC, MODEL 57356
11-42 — Briggs & Stratton Engine: Electric start
with alternator, four cycle engine, model 252707
type 0177-01 has output of 11 hp (8.2 Kw) E
3600 rpm and 16.8 ft/lb (22.8 N'm) torque E
2800 rpm. Displacement is 24.36 cubic inches
(399 cc). Crankcase oil capacity is 3 pints (1.41 1)
and fuel tank capacity is 7 quarts (6.624 1). Cor-
rect spark plug is a Champion RCJ-B or Autolite
AR7N resistor type and air gap is .030 of an inch
(0.762 mm).
Mower Housing: Full floating, front to rear, side
to side. 12 gauge (2.64 mm) stamped steel housing
with right side discharge. Width of cut is 42 inches
(1.067 m). Steel spindle housings with shafts are
supported by two double seal ball bearings. Blade
spindle pulleys are driven by spring tensioned “AY
section V-belt from clutch on engine crankshaft.
Cutter Blades: Each blade is 14.8 inches (0.378 m)
long, made of one piece hardened 7 gauge
(2.72 mm) carbon steel.
Blade Tip Speed: 15,500 ft/min (78 740 m/s) @
3400 engine rpm. Height of Cut Range: Height of
cut is adjustable to one of seven approximate
settings; 1 inch (25 mm); 1-1/2 inches (38 mm);
2 inches (51 mm); 2.5/8 inches (67 mm); 3-1/4
inches (83 mm); 3-7/8 inches (98 mm); and
4-1/2 inches (114 mm).
Transmission: Transmission fully enclosed, per-
manently lubricated with differential enclosed. In
line shift pattern with five speeds forward and
one reverse,
Reductions are:
1st — 61.87:1 Ath — 15.77:1
2nd — 30.10:1 5th — 13.38: 1
3rd — 20.07:1 Rev. — 40.13:1
Traction Drive: “A” section V-belt from 3.5 inch
(88.9 mm) O.D. engine pulley to 7 inch (177.8
mm) O.D. automotive type clutch on transaxle
input shaft. Total reduction, engine to wheels:
1st — 123.74:1 Ath — 31.54:1
2nd — 60.20:1 bth — 26.76:1
3rd — 40.14:1 Rev. — 80.26:1
Ground Speed €3400 Engine rpm:
1st gear — 1.39 MPH (2.27 Km/hr)
2nd gear — 2.86 MPH (4.60 Km/hr)
3rd gear — 4.28 MPH (6.88 Km/hr)
Ath gear — 5.45 MPH (8.77 Km/hr)
5th gear — 6.43 MPH (10.34 Km/hr}
Rev. — 2.14 MPH (3.44 Km/hr)
Wheels and Tires: The front 15 x 6.00-6 and the
rear 18 x 8.50-8 tubeless, pneu matic turf tires
are installed on demountable stamped steel wheels.
Recommended tire pressure is 13 psi (89.6 kpa).
Steering: 13 inch (0.33 cm). diameter steering
wheel mounted on a TORO design high helix screw
shaft with a 6.3:1 reduction. One and one half
wheel turns cramp to cramp.
Engine Controls: Control wire and casing with
FAST, SLOW and CHOKE positions. Key switch
with ON, OFF and START positions. Both con-
trols mounted on dash panel.
Transmission Control: Hand operated lever on
right side of operator with in line shifting with
Z pattern. |
Traction Clutch: Foot operated pedal on left
side. Depressing pedal disengages clutch friction
disc.
Brake Pedal: Foot operated pedal on right side.
Depressing pedal engages caliper on 2-1/2 inch
(64 mm) diameter disc. Ef
Parking Brake Control: Hand operated lever on
right side of operator. Depress brake pedal and
lift lever to engage. Transmission must be in neutral
to apply parking brake.
Cutter Blade Control: Hand operated lever on
steering tower in front of operator. Lifting lever
releases blade brake and engages spring-wrap
clutch. |
Height-of-Cut Control Levers: Hand operated lever
at left of operator raises mower for high cutting
and transporting. Lever on left side of mower deck
adjusts deck wheels for five lower cutting heights.
General Dimensions (approx.):
Wheel Base — 46 in. (1.168 m)
Tread Width — 27 in. (0.686 m) front center
to center
— 27-1/2 in. (0.699 m) rear cen-
ter to center
— 33 in. (0.838 m) front outside
to outside
— 35 in. (0.889 m) rear outside
to outside
Turning Radius — 32 in. (0.813 m) inside wheel
Length — 62 in. (1.575 m) |
Width — 54 in. (1.372 m) including
cutter deck
Height — 41 in. (1.041 m)
Weight — 462 pounds (209.7 kg)
Safety Features: Meets B71.1-1980 ANSI safety
specifications.
SPECIFICATIONS
Parking brake lockout prevents forward travel if
parking brake is engaged.
Traction drive, blade drive and seat interlock.
Enclosed engine and muffler.
Enclosed traction drive.
Automotive type traction clutch.
Convenient, easy to operate controls.
Automatic blade brake.
Stable-Wide track and lower center of gravity.
Optional Accessories and Attachments:
Dump cart
Spreader/Seeder
Tire chains #11-0430
42" snow blade #59140
36” Snowthrower, 459136
Spark Arrester Muffler, 436-7890
LOOSE PARTS
DESCRIPTION QTY. USE
Tire and Wheel Assembly 2 Mount to front axles,
Cotter Pin 1/8 in. x 1-1/4 in. 2 Secure wheels to axles. я
Washer 2 Mount to front axles. a
Hub Cap 4 Mount to front axles.
Steering Wheel 1 On steering shaft. | 5
Roll Pin 1 Secure steering wheel to shaft.
Seat 1 Install on machine.
Spacer 4 Install between seat and seat mount plate,
Hitch Plate 1 Rear frame behind transaxle.
Capscrew 5/16 - 18 x 3/4 in. 8 Secure hitch plate to frame and mount seat.
Clamp 1 Secure wire harness to seat mount plate,
Carriage Bolt 1/4-20 x 5/8 in. 1 Secure wire harness to seat mount plate,
Locknut 5/16 - 18 4 Secure hitch plate to frame.
Locknut 1/4 - 20 1 Secure wire harness to seat mount plate,
V-Belt 1 Mount cutting unit.
Clevis Pin 2 Mount cutting unit.
Washer 2 Mount cutting unit. A]
Cotter Pin 3/8 in. x 1-1/2 in. 2 Mount cutting unit.
Capscrew 1/4 - 20 x 5/8 in. 2 Install battery cables.
Wing Nut 2 Install battery cables. |
Кеу 2 Install in start switch. |
Operator's Manual 1 Read manual before operating.
SETTING UP INSTRUCTIONS
INSTALL FRONT WHEELS
Tools Required: Pliers.
1. Install wheel onto axle.
2. Mount flat washer onto axle, insert cotter pin
and open pin ends with pliers (Fig. 1).
Figure 1
3. Install hub cap and grease wheel bearing.
4. Repeat steps 1-3 on opposite side.
INSTALL STEERING WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Tools Required: Small ball peen hammer and drift
punch,
1. Slip steering wheel over shaft and line the
steering wheel mount hole with the shaft mount-
ing hole.
2. Insert a drift punch partially through the holes
to maintain alignment and insert the roll pin in
from the opposite side.
3. Drive the roll pin in until it is flush with the
outside of the wheel (Fig. 2).
Figure 2
INSTALL SEAT
Tools Required: 7/16 in, 1/2 in wrench.
1. Remove battery from under seat mount plate
and set aside.
2. Position seat onto mounting plate and insert
wire end from seat switch through grommet in
plate (Fig. 3).
3. Insert carriage bolt into square hole next to
grommet (Fig. 4), install spacers between seat and
mount plate and set seat into position (Fig. 5).
Note: It is easier to install and secure the spacers
with flange head capscrews individually: see step 4.
riyure 4 ^
rayito E
4. Lift seat mount plate, hold seat and spacers in
position and install flange head capscrews (Fig. 6).
9. Insert seat switch connector into wire harness
connector (Fig. 6).
SETTING UP INSTRUCTIONS
A oir
6. Install clamp around seat switch wire and over
carriage bolt and secure with locknut (Fig. 7).
Note: Use a screwdriver or pry bar to hold the
head of the carriage bolt in place while installing
the locknut.
ea
. Ejonua 7
ADJUSTING SEAT
Tip the seat forward, loosen the seat mounting cap-
screws and relocate the seat for operator comfort.
Retighten the capscrews and lower the seat.
INSTALL HITCH PLATE
Tools Required: 1/2 inch box end wrench and:::
1/2 inch socket wrench.
INSTALL CUTTING UNIT
Tools Required: Pliers.
1. Remove cutting deck from shipping carton.
2. Set cutting unit down on the wheels and rollers
and slide cutting unit under tractor.
3. Slide deck under rider aligning bars of deck
suspension with deck hanger brackets.
4. Insure height-of-cut lever is held down in
lowest height-of-cut position.
Note: A narrow wooden block may be placed in
height-of-cut slot to hold lever down.
CAUTION
Suspension bars are spring loaded use
caution when installing deck.
Note: Use rear holes in hanger brackets for initial
mounting of deck. When properly adjusted the front
tip of the blade should be 3/8 inch (10 mm) lower
than the rear tip when the blades are in the fore
and aft position. | 2
5. Lift front hanger brackets to suspension bars
and slide deck rearward slightly.
6. Install engine to deck drive belt.
7. Push cutting unit rearward, align rear clevis
pin holes and install long clevis pins (Fig. 9).
8. Remove cable tie securing tension pin to rider.
9. Pull tension pin forward, while pushing deck
rearward, hook end on long clevis pin and secure
with washer and cotter pin (Fig. 9).
rent,
a
1. Place hitch plate under the rear edge of thee : 0
frame, line the mount holes with one another and:d E о
insert the flange head capscrews through the holes¢s o
from the top. -
2. Install the locknuts and tighten them to secure s£
the plate to the frame (Fig. 8).
a ae
Cort ttl
Figure 9
BEFORE OPERATING
"ACTIVATING AND CHARGING BATTERY
Tools Required: 3 to 4 Amp Battery Charger.
Since the battery for the rider is not filled with
electrolyte or activated, the battery, if you have
not already done so, must be removed from the
machine so it can be filled with electrolyte and
charged. Bulk electrolyte with 1.260 specific gra-
vity must be purchased from a local battery supply
outlet. Remove the battery and activate it as
follows:
1. Tip the seat forward and lift battery out of
compartment.
2. Remove tape from battery.
3. Remove and discard orange seal cap from
battery (Fig. 10). Install black tubed cap supplied
with battery (Fig. 11).
Figure 11
4. Remove filler caps from battery and slowly
fill each cell until electrolyte is just above the
plates.
10
A CAUTION
Wear safety goggles and rubber gloves
when working with electrolyte. Charge
the battery in a well ventilated place so
gases produced while charging can dis-
sipate. Since the gases are explosive,
keep open flame and electrical spark
away from the battery; do not smoke.
Nausea may result if the gases are in-
haled. Unplug charger from electrical
outlet before connecting to or discon-
necting charger leads from battery posts. |
5. Leave filler caps off and connect a 3 to 4 amp
battery charger to the battery posts. Charge the
battery at a rate of 4 amperes or less for 4 hours.
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6. When battery is charged, disconnect charger
from electrical outlet and battery posts.
7. Slowly add electrolyte to each cell until level
is up to fill ring. Install filler caps.
IMPORTANT: Do not overfill battery. Electrolyte
will overflow onto other parts of the machine and
severe corrosion and deterioration will result.
8. Install the battery into the battery compart-
ment with the terminal posts toward the rear of
the machine,
9. Install the positive cable (rubber boot over
end) to the positive (+) terminal and the negative
cable (black) to the negative (—) terminal of the
battery and secure with capscrews and wing nuts.
Slide the rubber boot over the positive terminal
to prevent possible short-out from occurring
(Fig. 12).
ПОНИ 4e
е 12
BEFORE OPERATING
CHECK CRANKCASE OIL LEVEL
The rider is shipped from the factory with oil in
the crankcase. However, check the oil level in
the crankcase prior to starting the engine.
1. Place rider on a level surface to assure accurate
oil level reading and open the hood. Ensure the oil
drain plug is securely tightened, Page 17, (Fig. 24).
2. Unscrew and remove the dipstick from the oil
fill tube (Fig, 13).
Figure 13
3. If oil level is low, insert a funnel into the tube
and slowly add engine oil into the crankcase. Use
a high quality detergent oil classified “For Service
SC, SD, SE or MS". Oil viscosity (weight) must be
selected according to anticipated ambient tem-
perature.
~® Above +40°F (+4° C) — Use SAE 30: 10W-30
and 10W-40 as substitutes.
* Below +40° F (+4° C) — Use SAE 5W-20 ог
5W-30; SAE 10 or 10W-30 as substitutes.
*» Below 0° F (-18° C) — Use SAE 10 or 10W-30
diluted 10% with kerosene. |
Note: Avoid premature engine failure by insuring
the funnel used is clean so contaminents are not
introduced into the crankcase. Wipe any oil spilled
so it will not cause dirt to collect on the engine.
4. Insure the oil level is to the full mark on the
dipstick when it is fully installed. Do not overfill
or engine damage may result,
5. Insert the dipstick and turn it clockwise
to secure it in the fill tube.
Note: Check the oil level every 5 operating hours
or each time rider is used. Initially, drain the
oil and replace it after the first 5 hours operation
to remove the contaminents produced by normal
engine break-in; thereafter, under normal condi-
tions, change oil after every 25 hours operation.
Change the oil more frequently when the engine
is operated in dusty or dirty conditions.
FILL FUEL TANK WITH GASOLINE
Tools Required: Clean Rag and Funnel
IMPORTANT: Leaded regular gasoline is recom-
mended. If leaded regular gasoline is not available,
low lead regular gasoline can be used. Do not mix
any oil with the gasoline, and never use premium
gasoline, gasohol, gasoline additives or white gas
because engine damage could result. Capacity of
fuel tank is 7 quarts (6.62 1).
A DANGER
Because gasoline is flammable, caution
must be used when storing or handling
it. Do not fill fuel tank while engine is
running, hot or when machine is in an
enclosed area. Vapors may build up and
be ignited by a spark or flame source
many feet away. DO NOT SMOKE while
filling the fuel tank to prevent the
possibility of an explosion. Always fill
fuel tank outside and wipe up any spilled
gasoline before starting engine. Use a
funnel or spout to prevent spilling
gasoline, and fill tank to about 1/2 inch
(12.7 mm) below the filler neck. Store
gasoline in a clean safety-approved
container and keep the cap in place on
the container. Keep gasoline in a cool,
well-ventilated place; never in an enclosed
area such as a hot storage shed. To assure
volatility, do not buy more than a 30
day supply of gasoline. Gasoline is a fuel
for internal combustion engines; there-
fore, do not use it for any other purpose.
Since many children like the smell of gas,
keep it out of their reach because the
es are explosive and dangerous to
inhale.
1. Open the hood.
2. Clean area around fuel tank cap so foreign
matter cannot enter tank when cap is removed.
3. Remove cap from fuel tank and fill tank with
leaded regular or low lead regular gasoline (F ig. 14),
Then install fuel tank cap. i
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11
BEFORE OPERATING
Note: Lead-free gasoline reduces combustion
deposits and extends valve life, and when available,
this type of gasoline is recommended. Otherwise,
use leaded-regular gasoline. Capacity of fuel tank
is / quarts.
4, Wipe up any gasoline that may have spilled.
5. Close the hood and make sure it snaps in place.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
Tools Required: Tire Pump and Tire Gauge.
Check and insure the tires are inflated to 13 psi
(89.6 kpa) before operating the machine.
ADJUSTING SEAT
Tip the seat forward, loosen the seat mounting cap-
screws and relocate the seat for operator comfort.
Retighten the capscrews and lower the seat.
CONTROLS
Clutch Pedal (Fig. 15) — Foot operated clutch
pedal is used in conjunction with the gear shift.
Clutch must be fully depressed when shifting gears
so that friction drive plates are separated on clutch
assembly.
Throttle Control (Fig. 15) — Throttle control
connects to and operates carburetor mounted
throttle and choke. Control has three positions:
IDLE, FAST and CHOKE. To obtain choke posi-
tion control must be pushed slightly to the right
and forward.
Ignition Switch (Fig. 15) — Switch is part of bat-
tery ignition system, and it has three positions:
OFF, ON and START. Key automatically returns
to ON position from START position when re-
leased after engine starts. :
Light Switch (Fig. 15) — Two position switch for
actuating headlights. Lights will not function
unless engine is running as current is supplied by
the engine alternator.
Blade Control (Fig. 15) — Blade control engages
and disengages the cutter blade. A spring wrap
clutch, which absorbs slippage and shock loading,
actuates the blade drive pulley.
Brake Pedal (Fig. 15) — Foot operated pedal, which
‘when depressed, actuates a disc brake assembly at
the side of the transmission. Clutch pedal should
also be depressed while braking to achieve maxi-
mum brake effectiveness.
Parking Brake (Fig. 16) — Parking brake is used in
conjunction with standard brake assembly. When
brake pedal 1$ depressed and parking brake lever
is pulled upward, a latch plate secures the brake
assembly in the engaged position preventing the
machine from moving.
Note: Transmission must be in neutral to engage
parking brake.
Gear Shift (Fig. 16) — Transmission has five forward
speeds, neutral and reverse, and has an in-line
shift pattern. An interlock switch, which prevents
12
mal al a e ES
: -— TAROTTLE Ta a
Figure 16
engine from being started when transmission is in
gear, is mounted on the top of the transmission.
Height-of-Cut Control (Fig. 16) — Height-of-cut
control varies the cutting height from 1 to 4-1/2
inches (25 mm to 114 mm) in seven positians.
STARTING AND STOPPING INSTRUCTIONS
Note: Engine will not start unless blade control is
DISENGAGED, shift lever is in neutral and opera-
tor is sitting on the seat.
TO START AND OPERATE MACHINE
1. Shift into neutral, move blade control to DIS-
ENGAGE.
2. Move throttle control to CHOKE position and
rotate ignition key to START. When engine starts,
release key and reset throttle control between
FAST and SLOW.
3. Select desired height-of-cut and move blade
control to ENGAGE.
4. Release parking brake, depress clutch pedal
and shift into gear.
TO STOP
1. Depress brake and clutch pedals, move throttle
control lever to SLOW position, move blade con-
trol to DISENGAGE, and rotate ignition key to
OFF.
2. Shift transmission to netural and engage park-
ing brake.
3. Remove key from ignition switch.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
ADJUSTING HEIGHT-OF-CUT
The height-of-cut may be set in one of seven posi
tions: 1 inch (256 mm); 1-1/2 inchs (38 тт); 2
inches (51 mm); 2-5/8 inches (67 mm); 3-1/4
inches (83 mm): 3-7/8 inches (98 mm); and 4-1/2
inches (114 mm).
Deck Lever Height-of-Cut
Selection Setting (Approx.)
1 | 1 in. (25 mm)
2 1-1/2 in. (38 mm)
3 2 in. (51 mm)
4 2-5/8 in. (67 mm)
5 3-1/4 in. (83 mm)
Height-of-Cut
Lever Selection
High 3-7/8 in. (98 mm)
Transport 4-1/2 in. (114 mm)
1. Assure the blade control lever is in disengage
position (Fig, 16). |
2. To adjust deck wheels, stop engine, put height-
of-cut lever in high position, pull cut lever out on
. deck and rotate wheel shaft to desired height of cut.
3. Move height-of-cut control on Rider (Fig. 17)
into desired setting for high or low cutting.
4. To engage blade for cutting, slowly move blade
control upward and to the right into engage detent.
USING PARKING BRAKE
A CAUTION
If the engine stalls or must be stopped
while operating on a hill or slope, the
engine must be shut off and parking
brake engaged.
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1. Depress brake pedal fully, shift transmission
to neutral,
2. Move parking brake control upward and release
brake pedal.
3. To release the parking brake, depress brake
pedal (Fig. 15), and push parking brake lever down
to return it to its disengaged position. Release
brake pedal slowly.
BREAK-IN
The engine requires no special break-in other than
changing oil after the first five hours of operation.
Operate the transmission in all gears to assure that
drive system is functioning correctly, After the
first five hours of operation, check the condition
of the belts.
re
Figure 17
OPERATING PROCEDURE
1. Move blade control into DISE NGAGE,
2. Start the engine: refer to Starting/Stopping
Instructions, page 11.
IMPORTANT: When rider is used for the first
time, operate the transmission in all gears to assure
that drive system is functioning correctly, and be-
13
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
come familiar with the controls and operating
characteristics. Never shift while the machine is
moving or without first depressing the clutch pedal
‘or transmission damage will result,
3. Depress clutch pedal and shift transmission
into 1st gear. Then release pedal slowly until
traction drive engages.
IMPORTANT: To avoid a jerky start and putting a
heavy load on the transmission, move throttle to
slow speed and release clutch pedal slowly. When
traction drive engages, increase the engine speed.
If shifting into gear is difficult, jog clutch pedal in
and out to get gears to mesh. Do not force the gear
shift because damage may result. Should you en-
counter a jerking or grabbing condition during
operation, contact your local Authorized Toro
Service Dealer for assistance.
A WARNING
To avoid loss of control, always come to
a complete stop before shifting gears, and
slow down when turning, backing and
changing direction. Look behind the rider
to assure area is clear before backing.
4. To engage blade for cutting, move height-of-cut
control to the desired setting. Start the blade
whirling by moving blade control upward, to the
right and into ENGAGE. Moving the blade control
too fast could possibly overload and stall the engine.
5. To stop the engine, in sequence, depress clutch
and brake pedals, move throttle control to SLOW,
blade control into DISENGAGE, gear shift into
neutral, rotate key to OFF position, and set park-
ing brake.
Note: Remove the ignition key and store it in a
memorable place between operating periods.
GRASS CUTTING TIPS
1. When the rider is used to cut a lawn for the
first time, cut grass slightly longer than normal
to assure that cutting width of mower housing will
not cause scalping, which could result from severe
undulations of the ground. In general, however,
the cutting height used in the past is probably the
best one to use.
2. If the grass is ever allowed to grow slightly
longer than normal, or if it contains a high degree
of moisture, raise cutting height higher than usual
and cut the grass at this setting. Next, cut the
grass again using the lower, normal setting. This
method of cutting long grass results in an even
op hat of clippings and an acceptable quality-
of-cut.
3. Very long or extremely wet grass can be cut,
but specific operating techniques must be used.
Start by setting height-of-cut in the highest position.
Using 1st gear and maximum throttle speed, move
into the grass and cut a swath that is only half
as wide as the mower housing. Direct grass clippings
toward area that was cut previously. Stop forward
movement occasionally to allow discharge area to
clear itself. Cutting too much grass may clog the
mower housing and discharge area. |f mower housing
does clog, shut engine off, disengage blades and
remove the obstruction with a stick.
A DANGER
Before removing obstruction from mower
housing, move blade control into DIS-
ENGAGE, depress clutch and brake
pedals, shift into neutral and set parking
brake. Turn ignition key to OFF posi-
tion. Remove high tension wire from
spark plug to prevent possibility of
accidental starting.
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4. Reduce engine speed when operating in dusty
conditions to reduce the possibility of premature
engine failure.
25
Hours Hours
MAINTENANCE INTERVAL CHART
5
Storage
Service
Spring 2
Service Years Notes
Change Oil (Initial) . X
Change Qil (Periodic)
Check Safety Interlock
Check Cutter Blades
Check Brake
Grease Front Axle Spindles
Lubricate Pivot Points
Lubricate Deck Linkage
‚ Service Air Cleaner
Check Spark Plug |
Check Blade Drive Belt
Check Traction Drive Belt
Check Tire Pressure
Drain Gasoline
Clean Outside of Engine
Clean Mower Housing
Paint Chipped Surface
Replace Interlock Switches
xx
XX XX
Xx x
>
More often in dusty
X dirty conditions
MM MM XX XX
14
MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
To prevent accidental starting of the
engine while performing maintenance,
shut engine off and remove key from
ignition switch. Also, open the hood and
pull high tension wire off spark plug
(Fig. 18). Make sure wire does not con-
tact plug accidentally.
FEıirirs ФМ
GREASE FRONT AXLE SPINDLES AND
WHEELS
Tools Required: Clean Rag and Grease Gun
w/No. 2 General Purpose Lithium Grease
The front axle spindles and wheels must be lubri-
cated after every 25 hours of operation: however,
lubricate more frequently when conditions are
dusty or sandy.
1. Wipe grease fittings on spindles and wheels
(Fig. 19, 20) with a clean rag. If there is paint on
front of fittings, scrape it off.
вас 1 "
2. Lubricate both axle spindles w/No. 2 general
purpose grease (Fig. 19). Continue to pump grease
until it oozes out the spindle. Wipe up any excess
grease.
3. Lubricate both front wheels w/No. 2 general
purpose grease (Fig. 20). Pump grease gun about
Figure 20°
LUBRICATE STEERING SHAFT AND PIVOT
POINTS
Tools Required: Oil can filled with SAE 10 engine
oil or a pressurized can of spray lubricant similar
to WD-40.
Lubricate the steering shaft and pivot points every
25 hours with a few drops of SAE 10 oil or WD-40
spray lubricant (Fig. 21), Turn the front wheels
fully to the left to position the lower follower
assembly below the fuel tank to make it more
easily accessible.
Figure 21”
15
MAINTENANCE
Note: The fuel tank has been removed in Figure 21
in order to clarify the points needing lubrication.
The tank does not have to be removed to lubricate
the steering assembly.
SERVICING AIR CLEANER
Tools Required: Solution of liquid soap detergent
and water, clean rag, engine oil, and medium blade
screwdriver,
The air cleaner element must be cleaned after every
25 hours engine operation if engine is operated
in clean air conditions. However, element must be
cleaned every few hours if operating conditions
are extremely dusty or sandy.
1. Open the hood and remove the high tension
wire from the spark plug.
2. Remove two screws and lift complete air
Figure 22
3. Remove cover and screen from foam element.
Remove spacers from element and element from
body. Examine element for dirt or discoloration
(Fig. 23) and clean if necessary.
16
4. A. Wash foam element in solution of liquid
detergent and water to remove dirt,
B. Wrap the element in cloth and squeeze it
dry. Do not twist the element or it may tear.
C. Apply approximately 5 teaspoons of oil to
the element, work the oil in until the whole
element is impregnated and squeeze the element
to remove the excess oil.
D. Assemble the air cleaner assembly, mount it
on the carburetor and secure it in place with
the screws.
Note: When assembling make certain the lip of the
foam element extends over the edge of the air
cleaner body so it will form a protective seal.
IMPORTANT: Always operate engine with air
cleaner element in place or engine damage will
result.
CHANGING CRANKCASE OIL
Tools Required: Clean rag, 7/16 inch open end
wrench, shallow oil drain pan, and funnel.
1. Check level of oil before starting engine and
after every 5 hours of operation. Maintain oil level
at FULL mark on dipstick.
To check level of oil:
A. Position rider on level surface.
B. Unscrew dipstick and wipe oil off.
C. Screw dipstick fully in to filler neck: then
remove it and check oil level on dipstick. If
level is low, add only enough oil to raise level
to FULL mark. Adding too much oil could
cause engine damage,
D. Screw dipstick back into filler neck.
2. Change oil after first 5 hours of operation;
every 25 hours thereafter. Change oil more fre-
quently when operating conditions are extremely
dusty or dirty.
To change oil:
A. Position rider on level surface. Start and
run engine for a period to warm the oil.
B. Turn engine off and place drain pan below
drain plug (Fig. 24). Remove drain plug and
allow all oil to flow into drain pan. Install drain
plug after oil stops flowing,
MAINTENANCE
Figure 24
C. Open hood, unscrew and remove dipstick
from oil fill tube.
D. Insert a funnel into the tube and slowly add
48 ounces (1.42 |) of engine oil into the crank-
case. Use a high quality detergent oil classified
“For Service SC, SD, SE or MS”. Oil viscosity
(weight) must be selected according to antic-
ipated ambient temperature.
* Above +40° (+4° C) — Use SAE 30; 10W-30
and 10W-40 substitutes.
e Below +40° F (+4° C) — Use SAE 5W-20 or
5W-30; SAE 10 or 10W-30 as substitutes.
e Below 0° F (-18° C) — Use SAE 10 or 10W-30
diluted 10% with kerosene.
FUEL FILTER REPLACEMENT
Tools Required: Hose clamp pliers, drain pan.
An in-line filter is incorporated into the fuel line
between the fuel tank and carburetor (Fig. 25).
Use the following procedures should replacement
become necessary:
Figure 25
1. Open the hood.
2. Loosen the hose clamp on the carburetor side
of filter and remove the fuel line from the filter.
3. Place a drain pan under filter, loosen the re
maining hose clamp and remove filter.
A CAUTION
Since gasoline is highly flammable, drain
it outdoors and make sure engine is cool
to prevent a potential fire hazard. Wipe
up any gasoline that may have spilled.
Do not drain gasoline near any open
flame or where gasoline fumes may be
ignited by a spark. Do not smoke a
cigar, cigarette, or a pipe when handling
gasoline.
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4. Install the new filter with arrow on the filter
body pointing towards the carburetor.
REPLACING SPARK PLUG
Tools Required: 3/4-Inch Spark Plug Socket,
Spark Plug Gapping Tool, and Clean Rag. |
Since air gap between center and side electrodes of
the spark plug increases gradually during normal
operation of the engine, check condition of
electrodes after every 25 operating hours. Recom-
mended air gap is 0.030 of an inch (0.76 mm). Cor-
rect spark plug to use is:
Champion RCJ-8 or Autolite AR7N.
Note: The spark plug usually lasts a long time;
however, the plug should be removed and checked
whenever the engine malfunctions.
1. Open the hood.
2. Clean area around spark plug so foreign matter
cannot fall into cylinder when spark plug is re-
moved.
3. Pull high tension wire off spark plug and re-
move plug from cylinder head (Fig. 26).
4. Check condition of side electrode, center
electrode, and center electrode insulator to assure
there is no damage.
IMPORTANT: A cracked, fouled, dirty or defec-
tive spark plug must be replaced. Do not sand blast,
scrape, or clean electrodes by using a wire brush
17
MAINTENANCE
Figure 26
because grit may eventually release from the plug
and fall into the cylinder. The result is usually a
damaged engine.
5. Set air gap between center and side electrodes
at 0.030 of an inch (0.762 mm) (Fig. 27). Install
correctly gapped spark plug w/gasket seal, and
tighten plug to 15 ft-lb (20.4 N-m). If torque
wrench is not used, tighten plug firmly.
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Figure 27
6. Push high tension wire onto spark plug but do
not leave key in the ignition. This will prevent ac-
cidental starting when mower is being stored be-
tween use periods. Keep key in memorable place
so it is not lost.
ADJUSTING THROTTLE-CHOKE CONTROL
Tools Required: Medium blade screwdriver.
Proper choke and stop switch operation is depen-
dent upon proper adjustment of remote controls.
Before adjusting the carburetor, assure the throttle-
choke control is operating properly.
18
1. Open the hood, remove the screws holding air
cleaner in place and lift complete air cleaner assem-
bly off carburetor (Fig. 28).
A
Figure 28
2. Move remote control lever to CHOKE position
and check the position of the choke butterfly: it
should be fully closed (Fig. 29).
3. Move remote control lever to FAST position.
The butterfly should be in the fully open posi-
tion (Fig. 29).
Figure 29
4, If the control lever is positioned as described
in steps 2 and 3, replace the air cleaner assembly
and continue operation,
It either the choke butterfly does not close or
is not fully open in the FAST position, adjust
the remote control lever as follows:
1. Place remote control lever in FAST position.
MAINTENANCE
2. Check the relationship between the governor
control lever and the tang on the governor control
plate. The top edge of the lever should line up with
the bottom edge of the tang (Fig. 29).
3. Loosen the remote cable clamp screw (Fig. 29)
and move the control cable casing and wire until
the governor lever is properly aligned with the
tang.
4. Tighten the cable clamp and assemble the air
cleaner assembly to the carburetor.
ADJUSTING CARBURETOR
Tools Required: Medium Blade Screwdriver
The carburetor has been set at the factory, but an
occasional adjustment may be required. How-
ever, do not make unnecessary carburetor adjust-
ments because factory settings are usually cor-
rect. An adjustment may be required to com-
pensate for differences in fuel, temperature and
altitude,
IMPORTANT: Before the carburetor is adjusted,
throttle control must be checked for proper
operation: refer to Adjusting Throttle/Choke
Control, page 18.
1. Needle Valve (Fig. 30) — Close valve by gently
rotating it clockwise.
IMPORTANT: Do not close the needle valve too
tight because the valve and seat in carburetor will
likely be damaged.
2. Rotate — open — the needle valve 2 turns
counterclockwise (Fig. 30).
Note: The needle valve setting is an approximate:
however, the setting will allow engine to be started
so carburetor can be fine tuned — steps 3-9.
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Engine must be running so final ad-
justment of the carburetor can be per-
formed. To guard against possible per-
sonal injury, move blade control into
DISENGAGE detent, shift into neutral,
and engage parking brake. Keep hands.
feet, face, and other parts of the body
away from the cutter blade, underside
of mower housing, discharge area, and
any rotating engine parts.
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3. Start engine and let it warm up for approxi-
mately two minutes. Next, move throttle control
into FAST detent.
IMPORTANT: Air cleaner must be installed on the
engine whenever high speed is being adjusted. The
air cleaner mounting screw must also be installed
when engine is run. Fuel tank must be half full of
gasoline to get best carburetor adjustment.
4. Rotate needle valve (Fig. 30) clockwise, 1/8
turn at a time, until engine starts to lose speed. Let
engine react to each 1/8 turn setting. | |
9. Rotate needle valve (Fig. 30) counterclockwise
— out — 1/8 turn at a time, until engine first runs
rough. Let engine react to each 1/8 turn setting.
6. Rotate needle valve (Fig. 30) clockwise — in —
very slowly until engine starts to run smoothly.
This setting, under no load, may be slightly rich;
however; the slightly rich setting will assure proper
operation when engine is under load.
7. Move throttle control to SLOW, Next, rotate
idle adjusting screw (Fig. 30) until engine speed is
1750 rpm.
Note: Rotate idle adjusting screw clockwise to
increase idle rpm. By contrast, rotate idle adjusting
screw counterclockwise to decrease idle rpm. _
8. Turn idle valve in (lean) and out (rich) slowly
until engine idles smoothly. Reset idle speed to
1750 rpm.
9. Check carburetor adjustment by quickly
moving throttle control from SLOW to FAST. En-
gine speed should increase without hesitation. If
engine tends to stall or die out, rotate needle valve
1/8 turn counterclockwise until engine accelerates
smoothly.
19
MAINTENANCE
10. After carburetor is adjusted, shut engine off. 3. Lower cutting unit to level surface.
If mower will not be used immediately, remove key
from switch to prevent possibility of accidental
starting. Keep key in a memorable place so it is
not lost accidentally.
CAUTION
Suspension bars spring loaded use cau-
tion when removing deck.
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SERVICING CUTTER BLADES
me.
Tools Required: Pliers, Pin Punch, Rag or thickly
padded Glove, 15/16 inch Socket Wrench and
Handle, File and Blade Balancer.
A oon
Stop the machine and examine the cutter
blades for damage and loss of torque of
the nut securing the blade to the spindle
shaft whenever the blade strikes an
immoveable object. Open the hood and
disconnect the spark plug lead, engage
the parking brake and disengage the
cutter blades prior to examining the
blades. If blades are cracked, badly bent
or twisted or severely eroded (Fig. 35),
replace the blades. Always use genuine
Toro replacement blades to assure safety
and optimum performance. NEVER USE
WILL FIT REPLACEMENT BLADES.
Figure 32
5. Remove right rear clevis pin.
6. Insure height-of-cut lever is held down in
To service blade: lowest height-of-cut position. Remove left rear
clevis pin by pushing it out with a pin punch
1. Insure engine is shut off. Open the hood and (Fig. 33). {
remove the high tension wire from spark plug.
Note: A narrow wooden block may be placed in
2. With height-of-cut lever in transport position, height-of-cut slot to hold lever down. -
set cutting unit deck wheels in center position on oo ano
(Fig. 31). | aaa
:
on | Figure 33
E XA. 7. Push down on height-of-cut lever and slide deck
a forward until clevis pins, secu ring front deck hanger
Figure 31 brackets to suspension bar clear suspension bars.
20
MAINTENANCE
8. Remove cutting unit drive belt.
9. Slide deck out from under tractor.
10. Turn cutting unit on its side, grasp the end
of a blade with a rag or thickly padded glove; then
remove the locknut and blade (Fig. 34).
Figure 34
11. Examine cutting ends of the blades carefully,
especially where the flat and curved parts of the
blades meet (Fig. 35A). Since sand and abrasive
material can wear away the metal that connects the
flat and curved parts of the blades, check the
blades before using the mower. If wear is noticed
(Fig. 35B), replace the blades.
PLAY: PANE © SES agai e
OF BLADE: oo effin,
Figure 35
A CAUTION
If blade is allowed to wear, a slot will form
between the sail and flat part of the blade.
(Fig. 35C). Eventually a piece of the blade
may break off and be thrown from under the
housing, possibly resulting in serious injury
to yourself or bystander.
Note: Since lock nut is tightened to 50-60 ft/Ib
(68-81 N-m) at the factory, it may be difficult to
remove the nut. If nut cannot be removed, contact
an Authorized TORO Service Dealer for assistance.
12. Using a file, sharpen cutting edge at both ends
of the blade (Fig. 36).
DT .
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|
Figure 36
13. Check balance of blade by putting it on a
blade balancer. (An Inexpensive balancer can be
purchased at a hardware store). A balanced blade
will stay in a horizontal position on the balancer.
By contrast, a blade that is not balanced will
settle to the heavy side. If blade is not balanced,
file some material off heavy cutting edge end of
blade. Continue to check the blade until it is
balanced.
14. In sequence, install blade, and lock nut
a 35). Tighten lock nut to 50-60 ft-Ib (68-81
Nm). -
IMPORTANT: Make sure cutting edge of blade
is away from top of mower housing (Fig. 35).
While lock nut is tightened, move blade slightly
so it seats between sides of blade retainer.
15. Mount the cutting unit to the rider. Refer to
Install Cutting Unit, page 9 for proper procedures.
Pa |
CLEANING UNDERSIDE OF MOWER HOUSING
Tools Required: Wooden scraper, garden hose and
paste wax.
To assure a good quality-of-cut and efficient grass
bagging, underside of mower housing and inside
of discharge area must be kept clean. Whenever the
mower is removed, clean out debris with a scraper
and hose and apply a coat of paste wax on inside
of mower housing and grass deflector. This will
retard corrosion and prevent grass and dirt from
sticking on inside of housing.
REPLACING BLADE DRIVE BELT
Tools Required: 1/2 inch wrench, pliers and medi-
um blade screwdriver.
1. Remove the cutting unit. Refer to Servicing
Cutter Blade, steps 1 through 9, page 20.
21
MAINTENANCE
2. Remove screws securing belt shields to deck
and remove shields (Fig. 37).
Idler arm and pulley are spring loaded:
use caution when loosening belt.
ai
Figure 37
3. Roll belt off idler pulley to relieve tension
on belt, |
4, Remove old belt.
5. install new belt around spindle pulleys and
idler pulley.
6. Reinstall belt shields to cutting deck.
7. Reinstall cutting unit to tractor: refer to
Install Cutting Unit, page 9.
REPLACING TRACTION BELT
Tools Required: 5/8 inch Socket Wrench and
Handle, Wheel Blocks.
1. Remove the cutting unit. Refer to Servicing
Cutter Blade, steps 1 through 9, page 20.
2. Insure the parking brake is locked and place
blocks in front of and behind one rear wheel. Insure
the blade control lever is in DISENGAGE position.
3. Reach under the rider frame just forward of the
rear wheels, grasp the idler pulley assembly,
(Fig. 38) pull on it to relieve tension on the belt
and remove the belt from the pulley. Then, remove
the belt from the belt guide (Fig. 38).
22
Figure 38
The idler pulley arm is under heavy spring
tension. Hold the arm firmly while al-
lowing the arm to return to its relieved
position.
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4. Remove the bolt securing the cutter blade |
clutch assembly (Fig. 39) at the front of the ma-
chine and remove the assembly.
Figure 39
5. Slip the belt off the engine pulley, then remove
it from the traction clutch pulley on top of the
transmission at the rear of the machine.
6. Slide the belt between the top of the traction
clutch assembly and the clutch actuator bar
(Fig. 40).
Note: There may not be enough clearance between
the actuator and clutch to remove the belt. Dis
connect the clutch pedal linkage to gain more
clearance, if necessary,
MAINTENANCE
7. Assemble the new belt to the machine by re-
versing the disassembly procedures. Apply grease or
“NEVER SEEZE" to crankshaft before installing
blade clutch. Torque the mount bolt for the blade
clutch assembly to 60 ft-Ib (81 N-m).
Note: After belt is installed on the upper pulley o&;
the blade clutch assembly, engage the blade contro
lever to ease assembly of the clutch assembly ty
“the shaft. Disengage the blade control lever afte:>r
assembly is completed.
BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
Tools Required: Two 1/2 inch Open End Wrenchesss,
Wheel Blocks.
The disc brake assembly is a coaster type brakeze
therefore, the traction clutch pedal must be actusy;.
ated in conjunction with the brake pedal to achieveye
maximum brake effectiveness. Periodically adjust --
the brake assembly to maintain the brake pedal
free travel of 1/2 inch (13 mm).
1. Place blocks on each side of one rear wheel
and disengage parking brake.
2, Loosen the locknuts at right hand side of trans—s.
mission (Fig. 41). |
3. Rotate the inner locknut clockwise approxi-
mately 1/4 turn and check amount of free travel
of brake pedal. Continue to adjust nut until brake
pedal free travel is 1/2 inch (13 mm).
4. Rotate the outer locknut clockwise until it
contacts the inner locknut, hold the inner locknut
with a wrench to prevent it from turning and
tighten the outer locknut against it to secure the
adjustment,
WHEEL REMOVAL
Tools Required: Pry Bar, Pliers, 9/16 inch Socket
Wrench, Floor Jack, Wheel Blocks.
Front Wheels:
1. Assure parking brake is locked and block one
rear wheel,
2. Place jack under front axle and raise wheel
off floor,
3, Use a pry bar to lever the hub cap off the axle
(Fig. 42).
Figure 42
4. Remove the cotter pin and flat washer (Fig. 43)
and remove the wheel from the axle. |
Figure 43 77
5. Assemble in reverse order.
23
MAINTENANCE
Rear Wheels:
1. Assure parking brake is locked and block the
front wheels.
2. Place a block of wood between jack and rear
axle and raise wheel off floor.
IMPORTANT: Place jack as close as possible to
inside of wheel to prevent damage to transmission.
3. Use a prise bar to lever the hub cap off the
axle,
4. Remove capscrew securing wheel to axle
(Fig. 44).
Figure 44
5. Assemble in reverse order of the disassembly
procedures. Use grease or “NEVER SEEZE" on
axle before mounting wheel. Insure woodruff key
is installed. Tighten the mounting capscrew until
the wheel hub bottoms out on the end of the axle.
Torque mounting capscrew to 30 ft-lbs. (40.7 N-m)
Note: When installing right rear wheel make sure
spacer is between end of axle and wheel hub.
CHECKING SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM
The purpose of the safety interlock system is to
prevent the engine from cranking or starting unless
the operator is on the seat, the transmission shifted
into neutral and the cutting unit blade control lever
is in the Disengage position. In addition, the engine
will stop, because of a seat switch, if the operator
gets off the seat when the cutter blade drive con-
trol is engaged or transmission is in gear, To assure
interlock system is functioning correctly, check it
before each use of the rider. Have the safety inter-
lock switches replaced by an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer every two years to assure safe opera-
tion of the rider.
24
1. Sit on seat and move shift control into neutral
position.
2. Move blade engagement lever (Fig. 45) to the
ENGAGE position, Rotate the ignition key to
START. Engine should not crank. If engine cranks,
the interlock system is malfunctioning and it must
be repaired by an Authorized TORO Service
Dealer. If engine does not crank, proceed to step 3.
3. Move blade engagement lever to DISENGAGE
position (Fig. 45) and place shift control into one
of the gear selections (Fig. 46). Rotate the ignition
key to START. Engine should not crank: but if it
does, the interlock system is malfunctioning and
it must be repaired by an Authorized TORO Ser-
vice Dealer. If engine does not crank, proceed to
step 4.
Figure 45
4. Move shift control (Fig. 46) into neutral and
blade engagement lever (Fig. 45) to DISENGAGE
position. Engage the parking brake to prevent
movement of the rider. Rotate ignition key to
START position and start engine. Place the blade
engagement lever in ENGAGE position and care-
fully raise off the seat: the engine should stop
running. If engine does not stop running, shut
engine off and have interlock system repaired by an
MAINTENANCE
Authorized TORO Service Dealer. If engine shuts
off when you raised off seat, the interlock system
is functioning correctly.
Do not operate the rider if the interiock
system is malfunctioning because it is a
safety device, designed for protection.
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BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM
An AGC 7-1/2 Amp Fuse (Fig. 47) is incorporated
in the charging circuit as a protective device against
alternator damage caused by possible “'short-outs”
in the wiring harness. |f the battery lacks power
to crank engine, raise the hood, separate the fuse
block (Fig. 36) and check the fuse, |f fuse is de-
fective, replace it. If replacement fuse also fails,
have the electrical system checked by an Authoriz-
ed TORO Service Dealer. Also have electrical
system checked if the fuse is not defective but the
battery lacks power,
4. HEADS
Ae
E
MA За
Figure 47
HEADLIGHT CIRCUIT
Power for the headlights on the 11-42 Rider is
provided by AC current from the engine alternator;
therefore, the headlights will not function unless
the engine is operating. An AGC 7-1/2 Amp Fuse
(Fig. 47) is incorporated in the headlight circuit
as a protective device against alternator damage
caused by possible “'short-outs” in the wiring
harness. If the headlights are inoperative, raise
hood, separate fuse block and check fuse. If fuse is
defective, check wiring for “short-outs”, If none
can be ascertained, contact your Authorized TORO
Service Dealer for assistance.
PREPARING MOWER FOR STORAGE
1. Drain gasoline from fuel tank and fuel line;
refer to Fuel Filter Replacement, page 17. Next,
start engine and let it run at idle speed until it
stops because all gasoline is used. Replace the
fuel filter.
Note: All gasoline must be expended to prevent
gum-like varnish deposits from forming in the
carburetor, fuel line, and fuel tank. Such deposits,
if allowed to form, will cause starting problems
and poor engine operation. |
2. Pull high tension wire off spark plug and clean
area around the plug so foreign matter cannot fall
into cylinder when plug is removed. Next, remove
plug from cylinder head and pour two tablespoons
of engine oil into spark plug hole. Rotate engine
by hand slowly to distribute oil on inside of cylin-
der. Then reinstall spark plug and tighten it to
15 ft-lb. If torque wrench is not used, tighten plug
firmly. DO NOT INSTALL HIGH TENSION WIRE
ON SPARK PLUG.
3. Drain oil from crankcase; refer to Changing
Crankcase Oil, page 16.
4. Clean dirt and chaff from outside of cylinder,
cylinder head fins, and blower housing. Also, re-
move grass clippings, dirt, and grime from external
parts of rider, engine, shrouding, and top of mower
housing.
5. Clean underside of mower housing: refer to
Cleaning Underside of Mower Housing, page 21.
6. Check condition of blades: refer to Servicing
Cutter Blade, page 20.
7. Check and tighten all capscrews, bolts, screws,
nuts, and mating parts. If any part is damaged, re-
pair or replace it.
8. Lubricate wheels and spindles with grease: refer
to Grease Front Axle Spindles and Wheels, page
15, |
9. Wash air cleaner element in a liquid soap deter-
gent and water: refer to Servicing Air Cleaner,
page 16.
10. “Touch up” all rusted or chipped paint sur-
faces. Make sure to sand affected area before
painting.
Note: TORO Re-Kote “touch-up” paint is avail-
able from any Authorized TORO Service Dealer.
The spray paint dries in minutes to a glossy,
factory-finish. *
11. Remove the battery from the machine, recharge
it and store it in a cool, dry place. Recharge it
every 30 days to prevent it from discharging. Refer
to Activating and Charging Battery, page 10.
25
MAINTENANCE
12. Place blocks under the front and rear axles to 13. Store the rider in a clean, dry place. Remove
raise the wheels off floor and prevent tire deteriora- key from ignition switch and keep it in a memor-
tion. able place. Cover the rider to protect it and keep
it clean.
WIRING DIAGRAM
rr “FRONT...
+ я ENGINE RIDER WIRING
a ace Electric Start Models
MAGNE TD |
| SMIGAT SLuÉ
TRANS.
SWITCH
5 LIGHT BLUE
GRANGE
BLACK] E
26
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem | Possible Causes Corrective Action
Engine does not start, starts 1. Gas tank is empty. 1. Fill fuel tank with
hard, loses power, or fails gasoline.
to Keep running. 2. Transmission is in gear. 2. Shift transmission into
neutral.
3. Blade control is in ENGAGE 3. Move blade control into
detent. DISENGAGE detent.
4. Spark plug is loose. 4, Tighten plug to 15 ft-Ib
| (20.4 №т).
5. High tension wire is loose or 5. Install high tension wire
disconnected from spark plug. on spark plug.
6. Spark plug gap is incorrect. 6. Set gap between electrodes
at 0.030 of an inch (0.762 mm).
7. Spark plug is pitted, fouled, or 7. Install new correctly
defective in some other way. gapped spark plug.
8. Wrong spark plug is used. 8. Install correct spark plug. |
9. Electrical connections are 9. Check electrical system
loose, to assure good contact.
10. Carburetor is adjusted 10. Adjust the carburetor.
incorrectly.
11. Air cleaner is dirty. 11. Clean the air cleaner
element.
12. Vent hole in fuel tank 12. Inspect and open vent.
is plugged. |
13. Plugged fuel filter. 13. Refer to Fuel Filter Re-
placement, page 16.
14. Dirt, water, or stale fuel 14. Have rider serviced by
in fuel system. Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
15. Dead battery.
. . 15. Have rider serviced by
16. Defective points, condenser, Authorized TORO Service
ignition coil, or ignition switch.
. Dealer,
17. Module or switch is defective.
Engine does not idle or 1. Air cleaner is dirty. 1. Clean air cleaner element.
idles poorly.
2. Qil level in crankcase is low. 2. Add oil to crankcase.
3. Cooling fins and air passages 3. Remove obstruction from
under engine blower housing are cooling fins and air passages.
plugged. |
4. ldle speed is too low or high 4. Adjust the carburetor.
speed mixture is incorrect. |
5. Plugged fuel filter. 9. Refer to Fuel Filter Re-
placement, page 16.
6. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is 6. Have rider serviced by
in fuel system. Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
7. Vent hole in fuel tank is 7. Clean fuel tank vent.
plugged.
8. Spark plug is pitted, fouled or 8. Install new correctly
-defective in some other way. gapped spark plug.
"TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Engine loses power
1. Oil level in crankcase is low.
2. Cooling fins and air passages
under engine blower housing are
plugged.
3. Engine load is excessive.
4. Air cleaner is dirty.
Plugged fuel filter,
on
6. Dirt or water is in fuel system.
7. Carburetor is adjusted
incorrectly.
8. Spark plug is pitted, fouled or
defective in some other way.
1. Add oil to crankcase.
2. Remove obstruction from
cooling fins and air
passages.
3. Shift into lower gear to
reduce load,
4, Clean air cleaner element.
5. Refer to Fuel Filter Re-
placement, page 16.
6. Have rider serviced by
Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
7. Adjust the carburetor.
8. Install new correctly
gapped spark plug.
Engine over heats
1. Cooling fins and air passages
under engine blower housing are
plugged.
2. Carburetor is adjusted
incorrectly.
3. Qil level in crankcase is low.
4. Engine load is excessive.
1. Remove obstruction from
cooling fins and air passages.
2. Adjust the carburetor.
3. Add oil to crankcase.
4. Shift into lower gear to
reduce load.
Rider vibrates abnormally.
1. Engine mounting bolts are
loose,
2. Loose blade clutch pulley, idler
pulley or blade pulley.
3. Cutter blade is unbalanced.
4. Lock nut holding blade is loose.
5. Drive pulley is damaged.
1. Tighten engine mounting
bolts.
2. Tighten the appropriate
pulley. |
3. Install new cutter blade.
4. Tighten nut to 50-60 ft-Ib
(68-81 N'm).
5. Replace drive pulley.
Blades do not rotate
1. Blade drive belt is worn, loose
or broken.
2. Blade drive belt is off pulley.
3. Faulty blade clutch assembly.
1. Install new blade drive
belt.
2. Install blade drive belt.
3. Have rider serviced by
Authorized TORO Service
Dealer,
Rider does not drive
1. Traction drive belt is worn,
loose or broken.
2. Traction drive belt is off
pulley.
3. Transmission does not shift
gear,
4. Damaged clutch.
1. Install new traction drive
belt.
2. Install traction drive belt.
3, 4. Have rider serviced by
Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
28
IDENTIFICATION AND ORDERING
MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBERS
The TORO Front Engine Rider has two identifica
tion numbers: a model number and a serial num-
ber. The two numbers are stamped on a decal that
is located under the hood to the right of steering
shaft. See page 25, Fig. 47.
In any correspondence concerning the rider,
supply model and serial numbers to assure that
correct information and replacement parts are
obtained.
To order replacement parts from an Authorized.
TORO Service Dealer, supply the following infor-
mation:
1. Model and serial numbers of the rider.
2. Part number, description and quantity of
part(s) desired.
Note: Do not order by reference number if a
parts catalog is being used: use the PART
NUMBER.
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Air Cleaner
Date Hou rs Oil
Service
Used Change
Lubrication
Winter
Storage
Spring
Service
Spark
Plug Gap
Sharpen
Blade
MAINTENANCE RECORD
| Hours Oil Air Cleaner | лещ Sharpen | Winter Spring Spark
Date Used Change | Service —onrication Blade | Storage | Service | Plug Gap
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Date
Hours
Used
Oil
Change
Air Cleaner
Service
Lubrication
Sharpen
Blade
Winter
Storage
Spring
Service
Spark
Plug Gap |
V22-319
31
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Che Toro Promise
A ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
The Toro Company promises to repair your TORO Product if defective in materials
or workmanship. The following time periods from the date of purchase apply:
Residential Product .
Residential Products Used Commercially . .
1 Year
45 Days
The costs of parts and labor are included, but the customer pays the transportation
costs. Just return any residential product to an Authorized TORO Service Dealer
or TORQ Distributor.
Should you feel your TORO Product is defective and
wish to rely on The Toro Promise, the following
procedure is recommended:
1. Contact any Authorized TORO Service Dealer,
TORO Master Service Dealer, or TORO Distributor
(the Yellow Pages of your telephone directory is
a good reference source).
2. He will either instruct you to return the product
to him or recommend another Authorized TORO
Service outlet which might be more convenient.
3. Bring the product along with your original sales
slip, or other evidence of purchase date, to the
service dealer.
4. The servicing dealer will inspect the unit, advise
you whether the product is defective and, if so,
make all repairs necessary to correct the defect
without extra charge to you.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the
dealer's analysis of the defect or the service
performed, you may contact us.
Write:
TORO Consumer Service Department
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55420
~The above remedy of product defects through
repair by an Authorized TORO Service Dealer is
the purchaser's sole remedy for any defect.
THERE IS NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT-
ABILITY AND FITNESS FOR USE ARE LIMITED
TO THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESS
‘WARRANTY,
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may
not apply to you,
This warranty applies only to parts or components
which are defective and does not cover repairs
necessary due to normal wear, misuse, accidents, or
lack of proper maintenance. Regular, routine
maintenance of the unit to keep it in proper
operating condition is the responsibility of the owner,
All warranty repairs reimbursable under The Toro
Promise must be performed by an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer using Toro approved replacement
parts.
Repairs or attempted repairs by anyone other than
an Authorized TORO Service Account are not
reimbursable under The Toro Promise. In addition,
these unauthorized repair attempts may result in
additional malfunctions, the correction of which is
not covered by warranty.
THE TORO COMPANY IS NOT LIABLE FOR IN-
DIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF
THE PRODUCT INCLUDING ANY COST OR
EXPENSE OF PROVIDING SUBSTITUTE EQUIP-
MENT OR SERVICE DURING PERIODS OF
MALFUNCTION OR NON-USE. |
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limit-
ation of incidental or consequential damages, so
the above limitation or exclusion may not apply
to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and
you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state,
COUNTRIES OTHER THAN THE UNITED STATES OR CANADA
Customers who have purchased TORO products exported
from the United States or Canada should contact their
TORO Distributor (Dealer) to obtain guarantee policies
for your country, province or state. If for any reason
you are dissatisfied with your Distributor's service or
have difficulty obtaining guarantee information, contact
the TORO importer, If all other remedies fail, you may
contact us at The Toro Company.
International Group
service Department
One Corporate Center
7401 Metro Boulevard
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55436 U.S.A.
Compliance with Radio Interference Regulations Certified.
Certifie Conforme au Reglement sur le Brouillage Radioelectriqua.
Litho in U.S.A,
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