Toro 26" Tiller User manual

Toro 26
 MODEL NO. 58010 — 200001 & UP (3 HP)
MODEL NO. 58110 — 200001 & UP (4 HP)
MODEL NO. 58210 — 200001 & UP (5 HP)
OWNER'S
MANUAL
3, 4 AND 5 HP TILLERS
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION: This tiller is engineered and tested to offer reasonably safe and effective service,
provided it is operated in strict accordance with these instructions. FAILURE TO DO SO MAY
RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY.
TRAINING
1. Never allow children to operate a tiller or adults to
operate it without proper instruction.
2. Know the controls and how to stop quickly — READ
THE OWNER'S MANUAL,
PREPARATION
3. Handle gasoline with care — it is highly flammable.
A. Use approved gasoline container.
B. Fill gas tank outdoors, never while engine is
running. Wipe up spilled gasoline.
C. Replace gasoline cap securely.
D. Open doors if engine is run in a garage — exhaust
gases are extremely dangerous.
4. Keep children and pets a safe distance away at all
times.
5. Inspect the area to be tilled. Remove glass, wire, metal
objects, large sticks, and stones.
OPERATION
6. Give complete and undivided attention to the job at
hand.
7. Personal injury may result from debris thrown by this
machine. Therefore, always stay a safe distance away
from tines.
8. Maintain solid and secure footing at all times.
9. Never place face in front of tines while tines are
rotating.
10. Check before each use for loose fasteners or parts.
11. Stop engine and disconnect spark plug lead wire before
cleaning tines, removing obstacles, making adjustments
or when leaving operating position.
12. Never place hands or feet under or into rotating parts
or concealed areas. Keep hands and feet clearly away
from tine elements, belts, pulleys etc., while engine is
running.
13. When striking a hidden object, immediately place
throttle in "STOP" position, all controls disengaged,
disconnect spark plug lead wire, and check for damage
or loose parts. Repair damage at once.
14. Do not use tiller in wet soil.
15. Wear substantial shoes and long pants while using tiller.
16. Never work on tiller while engine is running.
MAINTENANCE
17. Keep engine free of debris buildup.
18. Follow maintenance instructions as outlined in this
manual.
19. Have an authorized Toro Service Dealer inspect the
tiller each year,
20. Disconnect spark plug wire before making any adjust-
ment or repair,
21. Store gasoline in an approved red metal container in a
cool, dry place.
22. Keep machine in good operating condition and keep
safety devices in place.
23. Safety and performance levels can be assured only by
the use of specified Toro replacement parts.
24. Maximum engine speed must not exceed 3400 RPM.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Front page
Safety Instructions
Foreword ;
Loose Parts Chart
General Assembly Instructions
Preparation Before Starting .
Filling With Oil
Filling With Gasoline
Check Air Cleaner
Know Your Controls
Operating Instructions .
Break-In Procedure
Starting .
Stopping And Emergency Stopping .
Transport Position (Depth Gauge Bar)
Depth Gauge Bar Use
Operating Tips . . .
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Tilling Depth . . . . . . ..
Maintenance aa a
Lubrication . . Ce eee
Servicing Air Cleaner
Changing Engine Qil .
Changing Transmission Cil.
Spark Plug .
Changing Tilling Speed .
Changing Tilling Width .
Adjusting Tiller Clutch .
Throttle Control Adjustment .
Carburetor Adjustment (3 HP) :
Carburetor Adjustment (4 & 5 HP)
Off Season Storage ;
Important Ordering Instructions .
The Toro Promise
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COON OO OOF
FOREWORD
TO THE TORO OWNER...
Toro knows how important proper tilling equipment is for
soil conditioning and Toro designers have, over the years,
strived for and achieved the finest in tilling products. You,
as a Toro owner, share the most advanced methods and
machines available today. Give it the proper care, and it will
repay you with precision service,
The more you know about the operation and mechanics of
your Toro tiller, the better ¡ob it will do for you. That's
why it is important to read your Owner's Manual from
cover to cover before attempting to operate the machine.
Compare the illustrations to your tiller so as to familiarize
yourself with locations of controls, lubrication points, and
adjustment sites.
Study the Safety Instructions thoroughly to insure proper
functioning and to prevent injury to yourself and others.
At times minor changes are made in Toro products to
improve their efficiency. Should you notice a variation in
your tiller that is not reflected in the Owner's Manual, see
your Toro distributor or his authorized Toro Service Dealer
(see yellow pages) for information and part numbers.
LOOSE PARTS CHART
Description Quantity Where Used
Clevis Pin 4 Used to assemble tines and secure assembly to
drive shaft.
Capscrew 1 Used to secure handlebar support to drawbar.
Conelock Nut 1 Used to secure handlebar support to drawbar.
Capscrew 4 Used to secure handle assembly to tiller chassis.
Conelock Nut 4 Used to secure handle assembly to tiller chassis.
Washer 1 Used with cotter pin to secure clutch rod after rod
has been inserted through idler bracket slot.
Cotter Pin 6 4 used with Clevis pin, 2 used to secure clutch rod.
Unpack your tiller with care to avoid damaging the unit or misplacing the loose parts. Carefully inspect the unpacked
Items to make certain damage has not occurred during shipment. Be sure to locate the loose parts bag containing hardware.
Copyright 1971 By
Toro Manufacturing Corporation
2 Minneapolis, Minnesota 55420 US A.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS
1. Position handle assembly to the tiller chassis and secure 7 puuer
in place with four (4) capscrews and locknuts. | | :
COVER
5. Assemble right and left tine sections with four (4) clevis
pins and cotter pins making sure that leading edge of
tine is the sharp edge. Secure tine sections in place on
drive shaft with two (2) clevis pins and cotter pins.
2. Install appropriate end of clutch rod through clutch lever
and secure with cotter pin.
3. Place clutch rod into slot in belicrank and secure with
washer and cotter pin,
CLEWIS FIM
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COTTER PIM
CLEYIS FIN
6. Secure depth gauge bar in drawbar slot with clevis pin
and hairpin cotter,
CLUTCH LEVER
4. Slide cable clip and shoulder spacer (shoulder to face
outward) on capscrew. Secure right side of handle to
right side of handlebar support with capscrew assembly
and locknut. Assemble shoulder spacer (shoulder to face
outward) on capscrew. Secure left side of handle with
capscrew assembly and locknut. Bend clip around
throttle control cable. Do not pinch tight, Slide pulley
cover {4 & 5 HP} into position on shoulder spacers and
snap top in place next to engine.
PREPARATION BEFORE STARTING
The engine has been shipped from the factory without oil
and gasoline. Therefore, it is essential that the Preparation
Before Starting Instructions in this manual be strictly
adhered to.
FILLING WITH OIL
1. Place tiller on a level surface and remove oil filler plug
from engine.
2. Using a funnel, slowly pour a good grade of MS
classification SAE10-W-40 oil into the crankcase until
the point of overflowing.
3 HP — 20 oz. (Approximate)
4 HP — 21 oz. (Approximate)
5 HP — 25 oz. (Approximate)
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3. After sufficient amount of oil has been added, replace
oil filler plug.
4. Change oil after the first two (2) hours of operation and
check oil level after five (5) operating hours or each time
tiller is used.
5. Change oil every twenty-five (25) operating hours (See
Changing Engine Qil, page 6).
6. Check transmission oil level, making sure that chassis is
level. If oil is not at the point of overflowing, fill with a
good grade of no. 90 gear oil. Change oil once a year
(See Changing io Oil, page 6).
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TRANSMISSION
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FILLING WITH GASOLINE
Fill the gas tank with a fresh supply of the new automotive
anti-pollution unleaded regular gasoline or regular gasoline.
Handle gas with care — it is highly flammable. Never add
gas to your tiller in an enclosed area. Fill gas tank outdoors
and wipe up spilled gas. Never add gas to your tiller while
the engine is running. Always take precaution to keep gas
and gas storage cans clean. Keep area around gas cap free
from debris buildup.
CAUTION: Do not mix oil with gas. Never use
premium gas, white stove gas, or gasoline additives.
№ GAS CAP
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CHECK AIR CLEANER
Remove Air Cleaner (See Servicing Air Cleaner, page 6) and
make sure foam element is lightly oiled.
KNOW YOUR CONTROLS
The tiller is equipped with a clutch lever. To engage, push
clutch lever forward until locked into position. To disen-
gage, pull clutch lever back and allow it to fall into place.
By exerting continuous downward pressure on the clutch
lever, unit will be in reverse. This will aid in freeing tines of
tangled weeds, getting rid of foreign objects that might be
jammed against the tiller, and for backing out of tight
places.
CLUTCH LEVER
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
BREAK-IN PROCEDURE
It is important that the transmission and engine be broken
in properly. Longer life of the wearing parts will result.
Proper break-in is as follows:
1. Remove the tines from the drive shaft and place a block
or brick under the front of the transmission. Ensure that
tiller is level.
2. Disengage clutch lever (neutral).
3. Start Engine (See Starting, page 5).
4. After the engine is started, push clutch lever fully
forward and it will lock into engaged position. With the
clutch lever in this position (engaged), allow tiller to run
for one (1) hour at %-full throttle.
5. After the above break-in, tiller is ready for use.
STARTING
1. Ensure spark plug lead wire is connected to spark plug.
2. Clutch should be disengaged.
3. Push throttle control lever to "Choke" position,
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4. Pull recoil starter quickly. Keep firm grip on handle and
return rope slowly.
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5. When engine starts, move throttle control lever between
“F"" (Fast) and ‘S’’ (Slow).
6. If engine tends to die, move throttle control lever to
‘’choke’’ position until engine begins to run smoothly.
7. Return throttle control lever between "F"' and 5".
STOPPING AND EMERGENCY STOPPING
To stop the engine, pull throttle control lever back to
“stop” position and remove spark plug lead wire.
TRANSPORT POSITION (DEPTH GAUGE BAR)
For transporting the tiller, locate depth gauge bar to the
two (2) transport holes and secure in place with clevis pin
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and hairpin cotter. Allow end of bar to rest on under side
of wheel bracket.
DEPTH GAUGE BAR USE
When the depth gauge bar drags in the loosened soil, it
holds the tiller back, keeping the tines digging to the proper
depth. This saves the operator most of the effort of holding
the tiller back while it is tilling soil.
When first breaking into untilled soil, hold tiller back
manually and allow tiller to turn up hard soil. After enough
soil has been loosened to allow depth gauge bar to drag in
tilled soil, set bar to desired depth. Proper depth of the
gauge bar depends on soil moisture, looseness, and how
deep you want the tines to dig. The deeper the bar is set,
the deeper the tines will dig. Therefore, depth of the bar
should be determined each time the tiller is used — With a
little experience, depth can be judged quickly. Proper depth
is obtained when operator only has to guide the tiller.
OPERATING TIPS
Rotary tillage prepares garden soil for planting, in one or
two operations. Your tiller will effectively do this job for
you with a minimum of effort.
The time for using your tiller is governed by conditions of
moisture and firmness of the soil. Soil conditions vary
widely. It is best not to till the soil when it is too wet or
too dry. When it is too wet, the tilled soil tends to ball up
into lumps that are hard to work when they dry.
Your tiller is not limited to garden usage. Use it to prepare
flower beds and lawn areas for planting. You can operate it
to dig as deeply or as lightly as you want. When you have
dirt to dig or light grading to do, don't break your back
with a pick and shovel. Let your tiller loosen the dirt for
you.
As you become familiar with the tiller, you'll discover that
it has many other uses.
TILLING DEPTH
Tilling depth may be changed by moving the wheel location
to one of three (3) positions on the drawbar. The hole
closest to the engine is for shallow tilling, the rear hole for
deeper tilling, and the middle hole for most tilling
applications.
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MAINTENANCE
CAUTION: When performing any maintenance on your tiller , disconnect the spark plug lead wire.
LUBRICATION
Keep Tiller Properly Lubricated
1. Apply a few drops of SAE20 oil to all pivot points every
fifteen (15) operating hours. Occasionally, place a few
drops of oil on the wheel bolts.
SERVICING AIR CLEANER
Your engine is equipped with a polyurethane type element.
Clean air cleaner and re-oil element every 25 hours under
normal conditions. Clean every few hours under extremely
dusty conditions. To clean, proceed as follows:
1. Remove screw (4 €: 5 HP) or two (2) screws (3 HP, See
Inset).
2. Remove air cleaner carefully to prevent dirt from
entering carburetor.
3. Disassemble air cleaner and clean.
20 POLYURETHANE
У ELEMENT
ee
COVER
4. Wash polyurethane element in kerosene or a liquid
detergent and water to remove dirt.
5. Completely dry element by wrapping and squeezing in a
cloth.
6. Soak element with engine oil. Squeeze to distribute and
remove excess oil.
7. Reassemble parts and fasten to carburetor.
8. Never run engine with air cleaner disassembled.
IMPORTANT: Never run engine without the air
cleaner polyurethane element in place.
CHANGING ENGINE OIL
Drain oil while engine is warm and proceed as follows:
1. Remove oil drain plug.
2. Allow oil to drain into a low shallow pan. Be sure oil
drains completely.
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3. Replace oil drain plug and refill with fresh oil (Ser
Filling With Oil, page 4).
CHANGING TRANSMISSION OIL
Drain oil after tiller has been in operation; oil will be warn,
and flow easily.
1. Remove gas from gas tank.
2. Position unit on a flat level surface.
3. Remove filler plug.
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4. Tip unit forward and allow oil to drain into a container
Be sure oil drains completely.
5. Refill with a good grade transmission oil (See Fillitu-
With Cil, No. 6, page 4.) Replace filler plug.
MAINTENANCE (CONTINUED)
SPARK PLUG
Use a Champion J-8 or equivalent for replacement. Clean
and reset the gap at .030 inches every 25 hours of
operation. Apply light coating of graphite grease on threads
before replacing plug. If plug is pitted or cannot be cleaned
easily, install a new plug.
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CHANGING TILLING SPEED
(MODELS 58110 & 58210 ONLY)
To change speed, place the clutch in the disengaged position,
remove the pulley cover, move the large belt to the adjacent
set of forward pulleys {small top pulley and large bottom
pulley). Replace pulley cover. Do not change belts while the
engine is operating. REMOVE SPARK PLUG LEAD WIRE.
When the belt is on the set of pulleys closest to the engine,
the tines revolve less rapidly for better cultivation of small
SMALL PULLEY
REPT
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MBA LARGE PULLEY
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CHANGING TILLING WIDTH
1. If you wish additional tilling width, remove the two
blades attached to the outside of the outer tine
assembly, on both sides. Interchange the parts, so that
the blades curve outward, and reattach tightly.
2. The following table shows the tilled widths you can
obtain with various tine arrangements.
Tine Arrangement Tilled Width
Two center tines only a 14°
Two center tines and one outside tine only 202 17"
Center and both outside tines о. 20”
Center and both outside tines, with
one outside tine interchanged . . . . . . 23”
Center and both outside tines, with outermost
pairs of tines interchanged aa 26"
ADJUSTING TILLER CLUTCH
After some time belt wear may occur, causing drive belt
slippage, resulting in improper clutch operation. The spring
in the clutch linkage allows considerable belt wear before an
adjustment is necessary, To adjust, proceed as follows;
1. At the factory, three fiatwashers have been assembled on
the engine-mounting bolts.
2. Remove engine-mounting bolts and place one (1) of the
washers from each bolt between the engine and chassis.
Replace engine-mounting bolts.
3. И one washer does not give sufficient adjustment, use
two (2) or three (3) washers on each bolt.
IMPORTANT: Usethe SAME NUMBER of washers on
each engine mounting bolt — If this instruction is not
followed, the engine base or tiller casting may break.
THROTTLE CONTROL ADJUSTMENT
Use the following steps to adjust the throttle control cable
at the carburetor:
1. Move the throttle control lever on the control panel as
far to the rear as possible (’Stop’’ position).
2. Loosen throttle control cable clamp screw (on carbure-
tor) so that cable can move freely.
3. Pull control casing forward as far as possible on 4 & 5
HP models. On 3 HP model, pull to rear.
4, Secure cable clamp and casing with screw.
ENGINE
@ THROTTLE
im, LEVER
MAINTENANCE (CONTINUED)
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT (3 HP)
Do not make unnecessary adjustments. Factory settings are
correct for most applications. |f adjustments are needed,
proceed as follows:
1. Close power adjusting needle by turning to right
(clockwise). Close finger tight only. Forcing will cause
damage.
2. Open one turn {counterclockwise).
3. Close idle adjusting needle by turning to right (clock-
wise). Close finger tight only. Forcing will cause damage.
4. Open five/eighths (5/8) turn (counterclockwise) for float
feed carburetor.
5. Start Engine. Follow starting instructions.
6. With throttle open {carburetor control at normal operat-
ing position), adjust power adjusting needle one-eighth
(1/8) turn at a time forward or backward until engine
runs smoothly. If engine tends to stall under load, enrich
mixture slightly {counterclockwise}.
7. Hold throttle lever closed or move carburetor control to
"5", "SLOW" position, and adjust idle adjusting needle
until engine runs smoothly, proceeding as in step 6
above.
B. Allow several seconds between each adjustment when
performing either step six (6) or (7), which will allow
engine to react to new setting.
DA IDLE ADJUSTING ТР
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‘POWER ADJUSTING |
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT (4 & 5 HP)
Carburetors are adjusted at the factory and normally do nut
need adjustment unless they have been disassembled.
INITIAL ADJUSTMENT:
Close needle valve (turn clockwise}, then open 1% turns
(turn counter-clockwise). This initial adjustment will permit
the engine to be started and warmed up before making final
adjustment.
FINAL ADJUSTMENT:
With engine running at normal operating speed (approxi-
mately 3000 RPM without load) close the needie valve
(turn clockwise) until engine starts to lose speed (lean
mixture). Then slowly open needle valve (turn counter-
clockwise), past the point of smoothest operation, until
engine just begins to run unevenly. This mixture should be
rich enough for best performance under load.
Hold throttle in idling position. Turn idle adjusting screw
until fast idle is obtained (1750 RPM).
Test the engine under full load. If engine tends to stall or
die out, it usually indicates that the mixture is slightly lean
and it may be necessary to open the needle valve slightly to
profide a richer mixture. This richer mixture may cause a
slight unevenness in idling.
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OFF SEASON STORAGE
In the event tiller is to be stored for any length of time (30
days or more) or at the end of the mowing season, prepare
as follows:
1. Drain fuel tank completely to prevent gum deposits
from forming in the carburetor, fuel line, and gas tank.
Run the engine until gas in carburetor has been
expanded.
CAUTION: Drain gasoline into container outdoors
away from fire or flame.
2. Drain crankcase oil while engine is warm. Refill with
fresh oil.
3. Remove spark plug, pour one (1) ounce of SAE 10-W-40
oil into cylinder. Crank engine once to distribute oil.
Replace spark plug.
4. KEEP THE ENGINE CLEAN. This is an air-cooled
engine and clogging of the cooling system may cause
serious damage. Keep the blower fins on the flywheel,
blower screen, the cylinder and cylinder head free from
dirt and foreign material.
IMPORTANT ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS
Repair parts are available from your TORO dealer.
To insure getting correct parts without delay, please
furnish the following information:
1. Model and serial number of your tiller as shown on
the name plate,
2. Part number, description and quantity of each part
required.
3. State whether parts should be shipped by mail or
express. All repair parts are shipped F.O.B, factory,
4. Name and address where parts are to be shipped.
5. Do not order by reference number; use part number
only.
THE TORO PROMISE
It is Toros policy to design and produce Toro products
to provide our customers with a high level of perform-
ance and durability in normal operation. Our products,
however, are produced in high volume, and it is
inevitable that occasionally a unit will reach a customer
with a defect in materials or workmanship which causes
that unit to fall below the normal high level of Toro
performance. Invariably, such a defect will be noticed in
a residential product within one year, and in an
institutional product within ninety days after purchase.
Recognizing this possibility. Toro has established a
simple guarantee policy and procedure that is intended
to assure customer satisfaction. This guarantee statement
is as follows:
Bu VAAN)! YYW VU YY: WARY VUE
apply:
distributor.
ERI
Should vou feel that a product is defective, and wish to
relv on The Toro Promise. the following procedure is
recommended:
1. Contact any TORO dealer or distributor. but pref-
erably the dealer or distributor from whom you
purchased the product.
. He will instruct you to either return the product to
him, or tell vou the name and address of your nearest
TORO Service Dealer if the product is to be returned
to such dealer.
3. Take the product and your original sales slip, or other
evidence of purchase date, to the servicing dealer.
EVAL:
Td
Che Toro Promise
Toro Manufacturing Corporation promises to repair any TORQ product for the original purchaser
if defective in materials or workmanship. The following time periods from the date of purchase
Residential products . .
Residential products used commercially. .
Institutional products . .
aaa ea 1 vear
aaa aaa 90 days
The costs of parts and labor are included, but the customer pays the transportation costs. Just В
return any residential product to a TORO Service Dealer, or any institutional product to a TORO =
. 45 days
=
NOAA NANA
4. The servicing dealer will inspect the unit, advise you
whether the product is defective and, if so, make all
repairs necessary to correct the defect without extra
charge to you.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the dealer's
analysis of the defect or the service he performs, we urge
vou to contact us. Write:
TORO “Customer Care” Department
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Minneapolis. Minnesota 55420
MAINTENANCE RECORD
10
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