Toro 22" Tiller User manual

Toro 22
FORM NO. 3312-528
у
MODEL NO. 58050 - 5000101 & UP
OPERATOR'S AM
MANUAL
x
To assure maximum safety, optimum performance, and
to gain knowledge of the product, it is essential that you
or any other operator of the tiller read and understand
the contents of this manual before the engine is ever
started. Pay particular attention to the SAFETY IN-
STRUCTIONS highlighted by this safety alert symbol —
The symbol means CAUTION, WARNING or DANGER
— personal safety instruction. Failure to comply with the
instruction may result in personal injury.
fe
Pad QU à
Printed in USA. 9-84
3 hp FRONT TINE TILLER - CHAIN TN
PRICE $1.00
Part No. 238611
FOREWORD
The TORO Tiller has advanced concepts in engineering, de-
sign, and safety. If set-up and maintained properly, the tiller will
give long, dependable service.
Since the tiller is a high-quality product, TORO is concerned
about the future use of the tiller and safety of the user. There-
fore, read this manual carefully to familiarize yourself with the
safety instructions and the product before operating the tiller.
The seven major sections of the manual are:
Safety Instructions
Setting Up Instructions
Preparation Before Starting
Operating Instructions
Maintenance
Engine Operating and Maintenance Instructions
Trouble Shooting
4 AD A
Note that safety, mechanical, and some general information in
the manual is emphasized. The words CAUTION, WARNING,
DANGER, IMPORTANT, and NOTE are used to classify the
information. CAUTION, WARNING, and DANGER identify
safety related information; and NOTE identifies general infor-
mation worthy of special attention.
OPTIONAL SPARK ARRESTER
In some areas there are local, state or federal regulations
requiring that a spark arrester be used on the engine of this
tiller. If a spark arrester is required, order from your local
Briggs & Stratton dealer.
Notice to customers in the State of California - The
engine on this unit is NOT equipped with a spark
arresting muffler.
q
WARNING
forest, brush or grass covered land, a working order
spark arrester must be attached to muffler. If not,
the operator is violating state law, Section 4442
:
y
When tiller is used or operated on any California
Public Resources Code.
Y
y
If help - concerning set-up, operation, maintenance, or safety - is ever needed, contact the
local Authorized TORO Service Dealer or Distributor. Refer to the “Yellow Pages” for assis-
tance. In addition to skilled service technicians, the dealer and distributor have other TORO
products, as well as factory approved accessories and replacement parts. Keep your Toro
Tiller all TORO. Buy genuine TORO replacement parts and accessories.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Safety Instructions ......... aa .3
Before Орегайпд@ ........................... 3
While Operating... 1.1 1111101000 at
Maintaining Tiller .............. 00e 3
Hardware Bag COMBE. cox vw sus merca puna 4
Uncartoning and Loose Parts ....... | unen RE 5
Set IASTUCHÓNS > «1 mau ama seme bows 5
Before Operating ........... at iE dr fat BERR 7
Fill Crankcasewith Oil... ... SEL SRB
Fill Fuel Tank With Gasoline ................. 7
Controls and Operating Instructions ............... 7
Clutch Lever .............—.—...—.. Y
| hrottle Control ............. | 7
Depth Control == ema veus es mess HR pS
Operating Suggestions ...................... 8
Tine Arrangement .. .... vos own eva 7. 8
Starting and Stopping Instructions ............... 10
Tiller Maintenance . .................. _.... ..... 10
DIOS LSSI USCIS
Page
Lubrication:
VDE avena murezes momen suse ANAIS . 10
idierPaley Shall... === mos vues moss : 10
Chain Case ........ sas van sens AUN 10
Adjustment and Servicing:
Clutch Cable Adjustment ............. . H
Wheel Hanger Adjustment ............... „12
Belt Replacement |... ............... 12
ЭЮюгаде ...................... a Á2
Engine Operating and Maintenance ..............13
Before Starting ........ EN MES mA Ze oh
MENO ==. enero Rua CEE HEEE Al 14
MaintônantE ©. coos mown ses Lau fn SE : 14
Adjustments EEE DEE She ee 16
General Information ......... ne ma amena e
Storage ...111211200 YT
Trouble Shooting ............. В 00044418
Identification and Ordering ................... 20
The Toro Promise ........ a e a)
COPYRIGHT © ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
The Toro Company — 1982
MINNEAPOLIS, MN 55420 — U.S.A.
E o e E +
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This safety alert symbol means
CAUTION, WARNING or DAN-
GER - “personal safety instruc-
tion”. Read and understand the
instruction because it has to do
with safety. Failure to comply
with the instruction may result
in personal injury.
The following “Instructions for Safe Tilling” are suggested by
The Toro Company. Failure to operate the tiller in accordance
with these Safety Instructions MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL
INJURY.
BEFORE OPERATING
1. Read and understand the contents of this manual before
starting and operating the tiller. Become familiar with all
controls and know how to stop tiller quickly. NEVER AL-
LOW CHILDREN TO OPERATE TILLER.
2. Keep everyone, especially children and pets, away from
the area of operation. Remove glass, metal objects,
sticks, stones, wire and any other debris that might get
caught in or possibly be thrown by the tines.
3. Keep all shields and safety devices in place. If shield,
safety device or decal is defective, repair or replace it
before operation is commenced. Also tighten any loose
nuts, bolts and screws.
4. Wear long pants and substantial shoes while using the
tiller. Do not operate tiller while barefoot, wearing sandals,
tennis shoes, sneakers or shorts.
5. Fill fuel tank with gasoline before starting the engine.
Avoid spilling any gasoline. Since gasoline is highly flam-
mable, handle it carefully.
A. Use an approved gasoline container.
B. Fill tiller fuel tank outdoors when engine is cool. En-
gine must not be running to prevent a potential
hazard.
C. Wipe up any gasoline that may have spilled, and
install gasoline container cap and tiller fuel tank cap
before starting the engine.
WHILE OPERATING
6. Open doors if engine will be run in the garage because
exhaust fumes are dangerous and could possibly be
deadly. Do not run engine indoors.
all WT
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Do not operate the tiller if someone is near the area to be
tilled.
Tilling the soil demands attention. Always maintain secure
footing, balance and control.
Till the soil when it is dry or moist because wet or
sticky soil can cause mechanical damage.
Keep face, hands, feet and any other part of the body or
clothing away from concealed, moving or rotating parts
such as the tines, belts and pulleys. Stay behind the
handles and away from the tines while operating the tiller.
Release clutch control, shut engine off and wait for all
parts to stop before removing any obstruction from the
tines. Use a stick to remove the obstruction.
If a solid object is hit by the tines or tines get plugged,
release clutch control and shut engine off. Remove high
tension wire from spark plug; then check for possible
damage, an obstruction or loose parts. Use a stick to
remove any obstruction, and make all repairs before using
the tiller again.
Before leaving the operator's position - behind handles -
release clutch control and shut engine off. Pull high ten-
sion wire off spark plug to prevent possibility of accidental
starting.
Do not touch the engine while it is running or soon after it is
stopped because the engine may be hot enough to cause
a burn.
MAINTAINING TILLER
15.
16.
¡e
18.
19.
Betore performing any maintenance or servicing the tiller,
shut engine off and pull high tension wire off spark plug to
prevent possibility of accidental starting.
Perform only those maintenance instructions described in
this manual. If major repairs are ever needed or assis-
tance is desired, contact an Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
Keep tiller in safe operating condition by having nuts, bolts
and screws tight.
To reduce potential fire hazard, make sure engine and
tiller chassis is free of excessive grease, vegetation, dirt
and other foreign matter.
Do not overspeed the engine by changing governor set-
tings. Recommended engine speed is 3600 rpm. To as-
sure safety and accuracy, have an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer check maximum engine speed (3600 rpm)
with a tachometer.
HARDWARE BAG CONTENTS
The items illustrated below will be found in the hardware bag
and are used during the assembly of your Tiller. The illustra-
tions are drawn actual size and can be helpful in determining
the correct hardware needed in each assembly step. The
(4)
(4) 3/8-16 Hex Nut
3/8-16 x 1 Hex Hd.
Cap Screw, Grade 5
quantity of each item is shown in parenthesis. Also included in
the hardware bag but not illustrated here is (1) Clutch Cable
Assembly.
(2) Tine
(1) “S" Hook Washer
(2)
3/8-16 x 3/4 (4)
Hex Hd. Cap Screw 3/8 Lock Washer
(Grade 5
LAAN
(1) Adjuster Spring
(1)Adjustment Stud
A231
UNCARTONING AND LOOSE PARTS
This tiller is shipped in one carton completely assembled
except for the handle and the handle controls. Remove all
loose parts and packing inserts from carton. Carefully cut
sides of carton and ROLL tiller out of carton to avoid any
unnecessary lifting.
The hardware bag included with your tiller contains all the
extra parts and hardware needed to assemble the tiller cor-
rectly. NOTE: page 4 illustrates the hardware bag con-
tents. Use this page for correct identification of hardware
items needed during set-up.
SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE: In these set-up instructions, all items marked with an asterisk (*) can be found in the hardware bag.
INSTALL HANDLE
1. Position handle over brackets and line up bottom hole in
handle with bottom hole in bracket (Fig. 1). Insert a 3/8-16
x 1 hex hd. cap screw through the bottom hole in handle
and bracket on each side.
2. Choose a high or low handle setting by lining up the middle
or top holes in the handle with the holes in the bracket.
(Middle hole - high setting, top hole - low setting.)
3. Insert the two remaining 3/8-16 x 1 hex hd. cap screws”
through the lined up holes and secure using a 3/8 lock
washer* and 3/8-16 hex nut® on each cap screw as
shown.
ATTACHTHROTTLE CONTROL TO HANDLE
1. Slide the threaded part of control into slot on the back of
handle (Fig. 2). NOTE: Throttle cable must run above
cross brace (Fig. 1).
2. Slide the 3s lock washer and 3s hex nut up the control cable
and secure control to handle by tightening the hex nut to
the control from underside of the slot. (NOTE: Lock wash-
er and nut shown in Fig. 2 are placed on cable at factory.)
Bracket
3/8 Lock Washer ||
3/8 Hex Nut,
_Handie Assembly
Cross Brace
LA | 3/8 х 1"
4 Y /, Hex Hd. Cap Screw
QE
FIGURE 1
Throttle Control
38 Lock Washer
34 Hex Nut
FIGURE 2
SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS
Handle
FIGURE 3
INSTALL HANDLE GRIPS
Dunk handle grips” in cold water and slide onto the handle,
Fig. 3.
INSTALL CLUTCH CABLE
1. Hook open end of spring in hole on clutch lever, Fig. 4.
NOTE: Hook spring through right side of hole first or it will
bind under handle when connected to cable.
2. Nylon adjustment stud is turned 10 full turns into end of
adjuster spring, as shown in Fig. 5. (NOTE: If readjust-
ment becomes necessary follow instructions in Fig. 5 to
turn stud easily.)
3. Hook one side of “S” hook" onto cable", hook other side of
“S" hook onto idler arm, Fig. 6.
4. With clutch lever up and spring under handle, slide other
end of cable onto hook on nvion adjustment stud, Fig. 4.
NOTE: Be sure cable runs straight from idler arm to “U”
bracket (below cross brace shown in Fig. 6) then to adjust-
ment stud.
5. Adjust cable. Follow the instructions for clutch cable ad-
justment, page 11.
* This item can be found in the hardware bag.
Hook Spring Clutch
Onto Lever _ Lever
From This Side
Cable ——
{© ay \
Adjustment Stud
Cable
Cable To Go Through
“U” Bracket
Handie .
Bracket
FIGURE 4
Hook This End Onto
Clutch Lever (See Fig. 4)
€ TC | "Y iE! iT
UM
Дааа AH
Hold Here And Keep End
Hooked Onto Clutch Lever
/ Adjuster Spring
a / — Adjustment
\ Stud
> Hold Here When
O
When Screwing Stud Into Spring Unscrewing Stud
(Turn Clockwise)
(Turn Counterclockwise)
FIGURE 5
Idler Arm
Cross Brace
Sa Bracket
Location
(See Fig. 4)
FIGURE 6
FC.
A233
BEFORE OPERATING
1. IMPORTANT: FILL CRANKCASE WITH OIL
The engine does not have oil in the crankcase when it is
shipped from the factory. If engine is started before oil is
added to the crankcase, engine damage could result.
Refer to the engine section of this operator's manual for the
quantity and type of oil needed (page 13).
2. FILL FUEL TANK
Fill fuel tank with a clean, fresh, leaded or low-lead
“regular” grade of automotive gasoline. Do not use
“gasohol”. Fill tank completely. Do not mix oil with
gasoline.
NOTE: The use of “lead-free” gasoline produces fewer
combustion deposits, but may shorten valve life if carbur-
etor adjustment is too lean.
3. Although your tiller was lubricated at the factory, it is well to
do it again during initial servicing so as to become familiar
with points requiring regular service. Be certain to check oil
in chain case. See MAINTENANCE section, page 10.
4. All bolts and nuts should be checked and tightened during
the first two (2) hours of use. Periodic checks should be
made thereafter.
CONTROLS AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
CLUTCHLEVER
The clutch lever engages forward drive to the tines when held
down against the handle, and disengages the drive when
released. The clutch lever is located by the left hand grip on the
handle, Fig. 7.
THROTTLE CONTROL
This control regulates the engine speed from idle to fast and
also stops the engine. It is located on the left side of the handle
panel (Fig. 7). To idle engine push throttle control in. To
increase speed pull throttle control out. To stop engine push
throttle control all the way In.
Throttle Clutch
Control Lever
N
сх //
ES
Spark Plug — _._ e
e Depth
7 | Control
Pd 7 | Belt Guard
as :
e ый
/ 7 Tines
Chain Case
FIGURE 7
DEPTH CONTROL
The depth control controls the depth and speed (acting as a
brake) at which the tiller will operate. It is located in the rear of
the tiller frame, Fig. 7.
By lowering the setting of the depth control, the forward speed
of the tiller is reduced and the working depth of the tines is
increased. Raising the setting of the depth control increases
the forward speed and reduces the working depth. Refer to
Fig. 8 for an explanation of the different hole settings in the
depth control.
These Holes Are Used
For Shallow Tilling Depths
These Holes Are
on ZZ Used For Deeper
| 2 Tilling Depths
| | ——
0 These Holes Used Only
| For Attachments - See
“es Individual Attachments
i
—— — This Hole Used For
Transporting Tiller Only
FIGURE 8
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
As the operator lifts up on the handle bar, Fig. 9, the depth
control is pulled slightly out of the soil, allowing the tiller to inch
its way forward. In this way, a slight lift is all that is needed to
completely control forward progress.
As the operator presses down on the handle bar, Fig. 10, the
depth control bites deeper into the ground, holding the tiller
back. When the tiller is held back, the tines are permitted to
penetrate down to the maximum tilling depth.
OPERATING SUGGESTIONS
This tiller will provide excellent rotary tiling when used to
prepare seed beds, cultivate, mulch or similar chores. As a
rule, planting rows of seeds closer together than 27" is not
recommended. Refer to page 9 for the many different tine
arrangements and their recommended usages.
WARNING: TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL START-
ING when changing tine arrangement, or whenever
tiller is being adjusted or serviced, always remove
A the spark plug or wire from the spark plug and insert
In holding tab (V-notch) as shown below. Also push
throttle control all the way in
/
|
о @ Plug
E |
TNT
| Г, EN | | | | i i OU
NEMO
TINE ARRANGEMENTS
You have achoice of four (4) different tilling widths (7”, 12
and 22") just by interchanging tines or removing the outer tines
and tine extensions altogether.
IMPORTANT!
When the outer tines and tine extensions are removed, you
must secure the inner tines to the tine shaft using the (2) short
35-16 x 3 hex hd. cap screws and (2) tine washers from the
nardware bag. Use the following procedure for easy change-
over.
1. Remove the outer tines and tine extension from left side of
tiller by removing the 35-16 x 6" cap screw in the end of the
tine shaft.
2. Resecure inner tines to tine shaft. See Fig. 11 for the
correct sequence of parts. NOTE: Use the haraware re-
moved from the outer tines along with the extra tine washer
and 36-16 x 34" cap screw (from the hardware bag).
3. Repeat procedure for right side of tiller. Be sure to tighten
cap screws securely.
IMPORTANT: Store the outer tines, 6" cap screws, bushings,
and tine extensions in a safe place until needed again.
FIGURE 9
FIGURE 10
zx E
(3) Tine Washers _¿” 0
Flat Washer SS
Pyramidal Lock Washer ~
%-16x% 7
Hex Hd. Cap Screw
FIGURE 11
FICZY
[ar Э1 о
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
When changing tines from one arrangement to another be
certain all tines are facing the same forward direction as illus-
trated in Fig. 12. The rotation of tines is indicated by arrows, as
viewed from the right-hand side of tiller.
FIGURE 12
22" Tiling Width
This Arrangement Is Recommended
For Use When Preparing Seed Beds.
ré
TL
a
17" Tilling Width
The Shipping Width. This Arrangement Is
Recommended For Use When Cultivating
Row Crops Or For Border Edging.
{2
12" Tilling Width
This Arrangement Is A Narrow
Version Of The 22" Width
(All Quter Tines Removed)
And Has The Same Usages.
ea
7” Tilling Width
This Arrangement Is Recommended
For Use When Border Edging Or
To Work In Flower Beds.
STARTING AND STOPPING INSTRUCTIONS
Now that you have located the controls and understand their
operation and function, it is time to start your tiller. Remember,
improper use of the tiller could result in injury. Give complete
and undivided attention to what you are doing.
Read all instructions on starting and stopping
tiller before actually starting the engine. Know
how to stop engine quickly if necessary.
1. Refer to the engine STARTING instructions in the engine
section cf this operator s manual.
2. Move the tiller to suitable ground.
3. Pull throttle control about halfway out.
4. Choke the engine. (Do not choke the engine if you are
starting a warm engine.)
5. Start engine by pulling starter rope.
0 If tines turn when clutch lever is in neutral (up) posi-
tion, stop engine immediately! Readjust clutch cable
(see "Clutch Cable Adjustment” - page 11).
6. Gradually push choke in as engine warms up.
7. Engage and disengage tines with clutch lever to be certain
tiller operates properly.
If tiller moves forward in the neutral position (clutch lever
up), or does not move with the clutch lever held down,
readjust the clutch cable (see “Clutch Cable Adjustment”).
To Stop Engine:
1. Release clutch grip lever.
2. Push throttle control all the way in.
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICATION
The best assurance you have of getting the most dependable
service from your tiller is to keep the unit clean, rust free and
well lubricated.
1. Engine - Refer to the engine operating and maintenance
instructions (pages 13-17) for all maintenance and lubrica-
tion instructions.
2. Wheels - Remove, clean and lubricate wheels once a
season for average home use using SAE 30 wt. oil.
3. Idler Pulley Shaft - Oil shaft, Fig. 13, once a season (for
average home use) using SAE 30 wt. oil. Turn idler pulley
while oiling to distribute oil evenly. NOTE: Be careful not
to get any oil onto the beit.
4. Chain Case - To check the oil level of the tiller chain
case raise handle until it is approximately straight up
and down. Wipe dirt from around oil fill screw and
remove, Fig. 14.
Oil should be level with the bottom of the oil fill screw
hole in this position. Ifitisn't, add (EP) SAE 140 heavy-
duty oil to bring oil up to proper level. Replace oil fill
screw after oil is at proper level. The oil level should be
checked after every 25 hours of operation, or if there
are signs of continuous leakage.
A
— A(%
— Oil Level &
— Fill Screw
FIGURE 13
10
FIGURE 14
A2317
MAINTENANCE
ADJUSTMENT AND SERVICING
while it is in operation or while the engine is
running. Always turn engine off before attempt-
ing to make any adjustment.
WARNING: TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL START-
A ING when servicing the engine or equipment, always
remove the spark plug or wire from the spark plug
and insert in holding tab (V-notch) as shown below.
Also push throttle control all the way in.
Never attempt to make adjustments on the tiller
=,
ñ
| V-Notch
| e
© Oo
5 Ny
© Plug
| |;
| \ №
CLUTCH CABLE ADJUSTMENT
de
If the clutch cable is too loose during assembly or as a result of
belt wear it may cause slippage and poor performance. If the
cable is too tight it will cause the tines to turn and the tiller to
move evenwhen the clutch leveris in the neutral (up) position.
The correct adjustment is made by slightly overtightening then
loosening the clutch cable as follows:
IMPORTANT! When adjusting and operating tiller clutch
cable must run through “U" shaped bracket ("U" bracket loca-
tion shown in Fig. 4 and 6).
1. Push down on handle to raise tines off of ground and pull
the engine starter rope slowly with the clutch lever re-
leased (up).
A. If the tines move when rope is pulled, go to step 2.
B. If the tines do not move tighten cable by turning nylon
adjustment stud one full turn clockwise into spring (Fig.
15) and again pull starter rope with tines off the ground
and the clutch lever up (released). Repeat tightening
procedure until tines move, then go to step 2.
2 Now loosen cable (turn stud counterclockwise) just
enough so there is no movement of the tines when starter
rope is pulled with tines off the ground and the clutch lever
up (released). Be certain cable still runs through AU
bracket on bottom of handle support. NOTE: Be sure 10
remove cable from stud before turning Stud.
3. When cable is adjusted correctly reattach spark plug wire
to spark plug.
Nylon Adjustment
FOR ADDED SUPPORT KEEP
THIS END HOOKED
ONTO CLUTCH LEVER
WHEN TURNING STUD
Hold This End When
Screwing Stud Into Spring
(Turn Stud Clockwise)
IMPORTANT: Remove cable from nylon ad-
justment stud when stud is being turned.
Hold Spring Here When
Unscrewing Stud
(Turn Stud Counterclockwise)
Clutch Cable
Stud
FIGURE 15
11
MAINTENANCE
WHEEL HANGER ADJUSTMENT
To provide a comfortable handle bar height at various tilling
depths, the wheel hanger can be adjusted in either of two (2)
positions, Fig.16.
To Adjust:
1. Remove spring clip and clevis pin.
2. Move wheel hanger to either hole position to raise or lower
handle to position most comfortable to you.
3. Insert clevis pin and secure with spring clip.
BELT ADJUSTMENT
No adjustment required.
BELT REPLACEMENT
The belt on this tiller was specifically designed and engineered
to provide long, trouble-free service. If belt replacement is
required, order a replacement belt from your TORO dealer to
be sure you have a belt that will provide the life and service
required.
To Replace Belt:
1. Remove belt guard from tiller by removing cap screw at top
of belt guard and screw under belt guard, Fig. 17.
2. Remove old belt by slipping the belt over the front of engine
pulley, Fig. 18, and turning pulley until belt comes off.
Remove from rear input pulley.
3. Replace with new belt. When replacing the belt, fit the belt
around the rear input pulley first and then around the front
of the engine pulley, Fig. 18.
4. Replace belt guard. The belt guard must always be
secured to tiller before operating.
STORAGE
For short term storage clean off the tiller and store in a dry
place.
if tilier is not to be used for an extended period of time it should
be serviced and stored in a dry place.
1. Fefertothe engine section for engine storage instructions.
2. Cover exposed metal surfaces with a thin coat of SAE #30
wt. oil.
3. Lubricate per instructions on page 10.
4. Before using the tiller again, check all lubrication points, fill
fuel tank and review safety and operating instructions in
this Operator s Manual.
12
Wheel Hanger Can Be
Attached In Either Of
These Two Positions
FIGURE 16
FIGURE 17
>»
Belt í = Input
<A Pulley
EN №”
El ores |
/ / 7 a 7 NA
Po so | — ;
/ | / AS :
il | A FN
( y (С KO idler Pulley
L Engine Pulley
FIGURE 18
BIEZY
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
Model, Type And Spark Plug
Code Number On
Blower Housin
Carburetor 9
NC
DEL
—
Rotating
Screen
Cylinder
Rewind Blower Housing
Starter Grip
Muffler Air Cleaner
Cylinder
Fuel Tank
Onl Level Oil Plug
BEFORE STARTING
Use a high quality detergent oil classified "For Service SF. SE,
SD or SC." Detergent oils keep the engine cleaner and retard
the formation of gum and varnish deposits. Nothing should be
added to the recommended oil.
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
MIT]
RE)
EEE
rE. | | a
| | AS:
F 20 U A) 6 АГ) 100
C 30 20 10 0 11) a 10 40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED ВЕРОНЕ NEXT CL CHANGE
* If not available, a synthetic oil may be used having SW-20,
5W-30 or 5W-40 viscosity.
TO FILL CRANKCASE WITH OIL
Place engine level. Clean area around oil fill before removing
oil plug.
Oil Plug Remove oil plug. Fill crankcase to point of overflow-
ing. POUR SLOWLY. Capacity approximately 1%4 pints (0.59
liters). Replace oil plug.
| OIL PLUG
FILL FUEL TANK
Use clean, fresh, “regular grade leaded or low-lead
gasoline. DO NOT MIX OIL WITH GASOLINE.
NOTE: The use of “lead-free” gasoline produces fewer com-
bustion deposits, but may shorten valve life if carburetor ad-
justment is too lean.
13
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
STARTING
Start. store and fuel engine in a level position
CHOKE ENGINE: Full choke out as illustrated
==
css TA Pull Out To Choke
“a ‘
/ 75
Ea
NOTE: A warm engine requires less choking than a cold
engine
THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER: Move throttle control to stan
position
THROTTLE CONTROL
PUSH IN FOR SLOW AND
STOP PULL OUT FOR
FAST AND STARTING
TO START ENGINE
A DANGER: ALWAYS KEEP HANDS AND FEET
CLEAR OF ROTATING MACHINERY
Rewind Starter. Grasp starter grip as illustrated and pull out
cord rapidly to overcome compression and prevent kick-back
Repeat it necessary with choke opened slightly When engine
starts open choke gradually
14
TO STOP ENGINE
Push throttle control all the way in.
MAINTENANCE
WARNING: TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL STARTING when
servicing the engine or equipment. always remove the spark
plug or wire from the spark plug and insert in holding tab (V-
notch),
CHECK OIL LEVEL regularly - after each five hours of opera-
ton BE SURE OIL LEVEL IS MAINTAINED
CHANGE OIL after first five hours of operation Thereafter
change every 25 hours of operation. Drain oil while engine 1s
warm, as follows:
1. Cleanarea around oil plug.
2. Drain gasoline from fuel tank.
3. Tip and hold tiller about 45° forward
HINT: If necessary have someone hold tiller in this рос
tion.
4. Place oll pan directly under opening; remove oil plug and
allow oil to drain completely.
5. Lower tiller to level position and refill with new oll of proper
grade (see oil chart in BEFORE STARTING section).
6. Wipe up any spilled or excess oil and replace oil plug.
Tip Tiller
Forward To
Drain Oil
A232
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
TO SERVICE AIR CLEANER
“Oil Foam” Air Cleaner
Clean and re-oil foam element at three month intervals or
every 25 hours, whichever occurs first.
NOTE: Service air cleaner more often under dusty condi-
tions.
1. Remove screw.
2. Remove air cleaner carefully to prevent dirt from entering
carburetor.
3. Take air cleaner apart and clean.
A. WASH foam element in kerosene or liquid detergent
and water to remove dirt.
B. Wrap foam in cloth and squeeze dry.
C. Saturate foam with engine oil. Squeeze to remove
excess oil.
4. Reassemble parts and fasten to carburetor securely with
SCrew.
Assemble Element
So Lip Extends
Over Edge Of Air
Cleaner Body — |
Lip Will Form Protective Seal "|
When Cover is Assembled
| OIL FOAM AIR CLEANER
ie Spr. i a —
CLEAN COOLING SYSTEM - Grass, chaff or dirt may clog
the rotating screen and the air cooling system, especially after
prolonged service. Yearly or every 100 hours, whichever
occurs first, remove the blower housing and clean the areas
shown to avoid overspeeding, overheating and engine dam-
age. Clean more often if necessary.
Clean Out
Chaff And Dirt
DANGER: Periodically clean muffler area to remove all
grass, dirt and combustible debris.
SPARK PLUG - Clean and reset gap at .030" every 100 hours
of operation.
030" (.76 mm)
Se À / Feeler Gauge
_ ® v 5
—
Spark Plug” <<
CAUTION: Do not blast clean spark plug. Spark plug should
be cleaned by scraping or wire brushing and washing with a
commercial solvent.
Sparking can occur if wire terminal does not fit firmly on spark
plug, or if stop switch vibrates against spark plug. Reform
terminal or repair switch if necessary.
REMOVE COMBUSTION DEPOSITS every 100-300 hours of
operation. Remove cylinder head and cylinder head shield.
Scrape and wire brush the combustion deposits from cylinder,
cylinder head, top of piston and around valves. Use a soft
brush to remove deposits. Re-assemble gasket, cylinder head
and cylinder head shield. Turn screws down finger tight with
the three longer screws around the exhaust valve, if so equip-
ped. Torque cylinder head screws in a staggered sequence to
140 inch pounds (15.82 Nm).
SPARK ARRESTER EQUIPPED MUFFLER - If engine muf-
fler is equipped with spark arrester screen assembly, remove
every 50 hours for cleaning and inspection. Replace if dam-
aged.
CLEAN ENGINE - Remove dirt and debris with a cloth or
brush. Cleaning with a forceful spray of water is not recom-
mended as water could contaminate the fuel system.
15
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
ADJUSTMENTS
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENTS
Minor carburetor adjustments may be required to compensate
for differences in fuel, temperature, altitude or load.
NOTE: The air cleaner must be assembled to carburetor
when running engine.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR - Gently turn needle valve
clockwise until it just closes. Valve may be damaged by turn-
ing it in too far.
Now open needle valve 12 turns counterclockwise. This initial
adjustment will permit the engine to be started and warmed up
(approximately 5 minutes) prior to final adjustment.
TUN
Throttle
Stop
Needle Valve
FINAL ADJUSTMENT
Place throttle control in "FAST" position. Turn needle valve in
until engine slows (clockwise - lean mixture) then turn it out
past smooth operating point until engine runs unevenly (rich
mixture). Now turn needle valve to the midpoint between rich
and lean so the engine runs smoothly. Next, adjust idle RPM.
Rotate throttle counterclockwise and hold against stop. Adjust
idle speed adjusting screw to obtain 1750 RPM. Release
throttle - engine should accelerate without hesitation or sput-
tering. If engine dnes not accelerate properly, tha carbu rator
should be re-adjusted, usually to a slightly richer mixture.
16
Idle Speed Adjustment Screw |
CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS:
The speed control must be properly adjusted to start and
operate the engine at maxium speed.
GOVERNOR SPEED CONTROL LEVER
The acceptable operating speed range is 1800 to 3600 RPM.
Idle speed is 1750 RPM. DO NOT EXCEED THE 3600 RPM
MAXIMUM.
THROTTLE CONTROL
Controls on powered equipment should move governor speed
lever in a direction that will elongate spring to increase speed.
Increase Speed ave Lever €
Decrease Sess
ds С * Spring in
AZ A 7, This Hole
F ; I xh а
> N a amp = Governor Speed
Control Lever
To Adjust:
Loosen clamp screw on carburetor or fuel tank bracket a
move casing in or out to obtain proper speed.
and
ELOY
A2323
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
GENERAL INFORMATION
This engine is a single-cylinder, L-head, air-cooled type.
MODEL 80202
BIE ==. coma LARES SUD Sams 2%" (60.33 mm)
- TE 134" (44.45 mm)
Displacement «:..« suis vos ivi 7.75 cu. in. (127.0 cc)
Horsépower . . «wisi asses 3.00 Max. @ 3600 RPM
Torque (Ft. LDS.) +. = ++ 4.6 Max. @ 3100 RPM
The horsepower rating listed is established in accordance with
the society of Automotive Engineers Test Code - J607. For
practical operation, the horsepower loading should not exceed
85% of this rating. Engine power will decrease 3'2% for each
1.000 feet (304.8 m) above sea level and 1% for each 10°
above 60°F (16° C).
In some areas, local law requires the use of a resistor spark
plug so as to supress ignition signals. If an engine was origin-
ally equipped with a resistor spark plug, be sure to use the
same type of spark plug for replacement.
TUNE-UP SPECIFICATIONS
Robert
Spark Plug Type Champion Autolite Bosch
Short Plug CJ-8 235 WS9E
Long Plug J-8 295 --
Resistor Short Plug RCJ-8 245 WSR9E
Resistor Long Plug RJ-8 306 --
Spark Plug Gap «cuss : CR A mil 030 (.76 mm)
Ignition POINEGAID «vos e a 020" (.51 mm)
Intake Valve Clearance .......... .005 -.007" (.13-.18 mm)
Exhaust Valve Clearance ......... .009 -.011 (.23-.28 mm)
STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS
Engines to be stored over 30 days should be completely
drained of fuel to prevent gum deposits forming on essential
carburetor parts, fuel filter and tank.
NOTE: The use of a fuel additive, such as STA-BIL, or an
equivalent, will minimize the formation of fuel gum deposits
during storage. Such an additive may be added to the gasoline
in the fuel tank of the engine, or to the gasoline in a storage
container.
a. All fuel should be removed from the tank. Run the engine
until it stops from lack of fuel. The small amount of fuel that
remains in the sump of the tank should be removed by
absorbing it with a clean, dry cloth.
b. While engine is still warm, drain oil from crankcase. Refill
with fresh oil.
c. Remove spark plug, pour approximately 12 ounce (15 cc)
of engine oil into cylinder and crank slowly to distribute oil.
Replace spark plug.
d. Clean dirt and chaff from cylinder, cylinder head fins,
blower housing, rotating screen and muffler areas.
e Store in a clean and dry area.
17
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Engine does not start.
. Gas tank is empty.
. Choke not in FULL position.
. Spark plug loose.
. High tension wire loose or discon-
nected from spark plug.
. Spark plug gap is incorrect.
‚ Spark plug is defective.
. Faulty points or condenser.
Fill fuel tank with gasoline: Refer to Fill
Fuel Tank With Gasoline, page 13.
Move choke to FULL CHOKE position:
Refer to Starting and Stopping Instruc-
tions, page 14.
. Tighten spark plug to 15 ft.-lb. (20.4
Nm)
. Install high tension wire on spark plug.
. Set gap between electrodes at 0.030 of
an inch (0.76 mm).
Install new, correctly gapped plug:
Refer to Engine Operating and Main-
tenance Instructions.
. Contact Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
Engine starts hard or loses
power.
Dirt, water, or stale fuel in gas tank.
. Vent hole in fuel tank cap is plugged.
. Air cleaner is dirty.
. Drain gas and clean fuel tank. Fill tank
with clean, fresh gasoline: Refer to Fill
Fuel Tank With Gasoline, page 13.
. Clean or replace fuel tank cap.
. Clean the air cleaner element: Referto
To Service Air Cleaner, page 15.
Engine operates erratically.
. Spark plug is defective.
‚ Spark plug is gapped incorrectly.
. Mircleaner is dirty.
18
install new. correctly gapped plug:
Refer to Engine Operating and Main-
tenance Instructions, page 17.
. Set gap between electrodes at 0.030
of an inch (0.76 mm).
Clean the air cleaner element: Refer to
To Service Air Cleaner, page 15
FLEZY
A2325
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Engine idies poorly.
1. Air cleaner is dirty.
2. Oil level in crankcase is low.
3. Air slots in engine shroud are
plugged.
4. Cooling fins and air passages under
engine blower housing are plugged.
5. Improper idle adjustment.
Clean the air cleaner element: Referto
To Service Air Cleaner. page 15.
. Add oil to crankcase. Refer to Fil
Crankcase With Oil, page 13.
. Remove obstruction from slots.
. Remove obstruction from cooling fins
and blower housing: Refer to Clean
Cooling System.
. Adjust carburetor properly, page 16.
Engine misfires at high speed.
1. Air gap between electrodes of spark
plug is too close.
2. Carburetor adjusted incorrectly.
. Set air gap at 0.030 of an inch (0.76
mm).
. Adjust carburetor: Refer to Carburetor
Adjustments in the Engine Operating
and Maintenance section.
Engine overheats.
1. Cooling air flow is restricted.
2. Oil level in crankcase is low.
3. Incorrect spark plug.
. Remove any obstruction from slots in
shroud, blower housing, air passages
and cooling fins on engine.
. Add oil to crankcase: Refer to Fill
Crankcase With Oil, page 13.
. Install Champion RCJ8 spark plug that
is gapped at 0.030 of an inch.
Tiller vibrates abnormally.
Tines do not rotate.
1. Tine section is loose.
2. Engine mounting bolts are loose.
3. Improper carburetor adjustment.
4. Air cleaner plugged.
. Secure tine section with clevis pin and
hair pin cotter.
. Tighten engine mounting bolts.
. Adjust carburetor properly, page 16.
Service alr cleaner, page 15.
1. Beltis broken.
2. Clutch cable is adjusted incorrectly.
. Contact Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
. Adjust drive clutch belt: Refer to Clutch
Cable Adjustment, page 11.
=
19
IDENTIFICATION AND ORDERING
MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBERS To order replacement parts from an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer, supply the following information:
The tiller has two identification numbers: a model num-
ber anda serial number. The two numbers are stamped 1. Model and serial number of the tiller.
on a decal which is on the right side of the frame below
the handle support bracket.
Record the model and serial numbers below and keep
this manual in a safe place for future reference.
Model No.
Serial No.
In any correspondence the tiller, supply the model and
serial numbers to assure that correct information and
replacement parts are obtained.
SUNY YE NOVO TA TA TATI VW:
; Che Toro Promise
A Two Year Limited Warranty
On All
Gasoline Powered Consumer Products
Residential Product
or TORO Distributor
Should you feel your TORO is defective and wish to
rely on The Toro Promise, the following procedure
is recommended:
1. Contact any Authorized TORO Service Dealer,
TORO Master Service Dealer, or TORO Distributor
[the Yellow Pages of your telephone directory is
a good reference source).
2. He will either instruct you to return the product
to him or recommend another Authorized TORO
Service outlet which might be more convenient.
3. Bring the product along with your original sales
slip, or other evidence of purchase date, to the
service dealer.
4, The servicing dealer will inspect the unit, advise
you whether the product is defective and, if so,
make all repairs necessary to correct the defect
without extra charge to you.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the dealer's
analysis of the defect or the service performed, you
may contact us.
Write:
AU VOU VV DONO DY,
TORO Customer Service Department
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55420
The above remedy of product defects through
repair by an Authorized TORO Service Dealer is
the purchaser's sole remedy for any defect.
THERE IS NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT-
ABILITY AND FITNESS FOR USE ARE LIMITED
TO THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESS
WARRANTY,
VON NON NAVINI NN
B2607
2. Part number, description, and quantity of part(s)
desired.
NOTE: Do not order by reference number if a parts
catalog is being used; use the PART NUMBER.
The Toro Company promises to repair these TORO Products if defective in materials
or workmanship. The following time periods from the date of purchase apply:
2 Years
Residential Products Used Commercially . . . 45 Days
The costs of parts and labor are included, but the customer pays the transportation
costs. Just return any residential product to an Authorized TORO Service Dealer
Some states do not allow limitations on how long
implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may
not apply to you,
This Warranty applies only to parts or components
which are defective and does not cover repairs
necessary due to normal wear, misuse, accidents, or
lack of proper maintenance. Regular, routine
maintenance of the unit to keep it in proper
operating condition is the responsibility of the owner.
All warranty repairs reimbursable under The Toro
Promise must be performed by an Authorized TORO
service Dealer using Toro approved replacement
marte
HOT LU,
Repairs or attempted repairs by anyone other than
an Authorized TORO Service Account are not
reimbursable under The Toro Promise. In addition,
these unauthorized repair attempts may result in
additional malfunctions, the correction of which is
not covered by warranty.
DIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF
THE PRODUCT INCLUDING ANY COST OR
EXPENSE OF PROVIDING SUBSTITUTE EQUIP-
MENT OR SERVICE DURING PERIODS OF MAL-
FUNCTION OR NON-USE.
Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental
or consequential damages, so the above exclusion
may not apply to you,
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you
may also have other rights which vary from state to
state.
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