Toro 26" Tiller User manual

Toro 26
FORM NO. 3312-529
a OPERATOR'S A
MODEL NO. 58070 - 5000101 & UP MANUAL
5 hp FRONT TINE TILLER - CHAIN DRIVE
py
To assure maximum safety, optimum performance, and
to gain knowledge of the product, itis essential that you
or any other operator of the tiller read and understand
the contents of this manual before the engine is ever
started. Pay particular attention to the SAFETY IN-
STRUCTIONS highlighted by this safety alert symbol —
A
The symbol means CAUTION, WARNING or DANGER
— personal safety instruction. Failure to comply with the
instruction may result in personal injury.
Ce CA
PRICE $1.00
Printed in USA. 9-84 Part No. 238612
FOREWORD
The TORO Tiller has advanced concepts in engineering, de-
sign, and safety. If set-up and maintained properly, the tiller will
give long, dependable service.
Since the tiller is a high-quality product, TORO is concerned
about the future use of the tiller and safety of the user. There-
fore, read this manual carefully to familiarize yourself with the
safety instructions and the product before operating the tiller.
The seven major sections of the manual are:
Safety Instructions
Set Up Instructions
Before Operating
Controls and Operating Instructions
Maintenance
Engine Operating and Maintenance Instructions
Trouble Shooting
MEAD es E
Note that safety, mechanical, and some general information in
the manual is emphasized. The words CAUTION, WARNING,
DANGER, IMPORTANT, and NOTE are used to classify the
information. CAUTION, WARNING, and DANGER identify
safety related information; and NOTE identifies general infor-
mation worthy of special attention.
OPTIONAL SPARK ARRESTER
In some areas there are local, state or federal regulations
requiring that a spark arrester be used on the engine of this
tiller. If a spark arrester is required, order from your local
Briggs & Stratton dealer.
Notice to customers in the State of California - The
engine on this unit is NOT equipped with a spark
arresting muffler.
WARNING
When tiller is used or operated on any California
forest, brush or grass covered land, a working order
spark arrester must be attached to muffler. If not,
the operator is violating state law, Section 4442
Public Resources Code.
If help - concerning set-up, operation, maintenance, or safety - is ever needed, contact the
local Authorized TORO Service Dealer or Distributor. Refer to the “Yellow Pages" for assis-
tance. In addition to skilled service technicians, the dealer and distributor have other TORO
products, as well as factory approved accessories and replacement parts. Keep your Toro
Tiller all TORO. Buy genuine TORO replacement parts and accessories.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page Page
Safety INStructions:: .==-====.= 0. vana aww 3 Adjustment and Servicing:
Botore Operaliid -:=:===: ia sme cua 3 Clutch Control Adjustment ................. 9
While Operating :: :==0:.: (uses views sean 3 Wheel Hanger Adjustment ................. 9
Maintaining Tillef. .-< 2: vison qe 3 Belt Stretch and Replacement .............. 9
HardwareBagContents ......................... 4 Lubrication:
Serpa astraciona: ... vommrmmnem omens sm ssn 5 Engine ............ a. . 10
Bator CBSralii «mn suse axswesmame sms 7 Спат Сазе............................ . 10
Fill Ceankease WIth Oil a ku WERE WC 7 VAL NA . 10
Fill Fuel Tank With Gasoline ................. 7 SONDEO 2= vv eE ENEE 10
COMO «= viii cs os CRS RTE SRT Ba 7 Engine Operating and Maintenance ............. „11
Clutch Lever ove DE examen sue AT TE 7 BeforeStarting............................ 11
Throttle Control ............... «ca ua 7 Starting ...................0. 000000000000 12
Depth Control ....................e000..... 7 Maintenance ............................. 12
Operating Instructions ......... «===. comi. .8 . AdjustmentS ona 14
Starting and Stopping Instructions ................ 8 General Information ....................... 14
Versatile Tine Combinations .................... . 8 SIOPRGÉ 2e DENE KT WEHEN 14
Tiller Maintenance au BEE EEE VERA We 9 Trouble Shooting ......0.0000000000 NA 15
IdentificationandOrdering . ..................... 20
The Toro Promise .....000000 20
COPYRIGHT © ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
The Toro Company — 1982
MINNEAPOLIS, MN 55420 — U.S.A.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This safety alert symbol means
CAUTION, WARNING or DAN-
GER - “personal safety instruc-
tion”. Read and understand the
instruction because it has to do
with safety. Failure to comply
with the instruction may result
in personal injury.
The following “Instructions for Safe Tilling” are suggested by
The Toro Company. Failure to operate the tiller in accordance
with these Safety Instructions MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL
INJURY.
BEFORE OPERATING
1. Read and understand the contents of this manual before
starting and operating the tiller. Become familiar with all
controls and know how to stop tiller quickly. NEVER AL-
LOW CHILDREN TO OPERATE TILLER.
2. Keep everyone, especially children and pets, away from
the area of operation. Remove glass, metal objects,
sticks, stones, wire and any other debris that might get
caught in or possibly be thrown by the tines.
3. Keep all shields and safety devices in place. If shield,
safety device or decal is defective, repair or replace it
before operation is commenced. Also tighten any loose
nuts, bolts and screws.
4. Wear long pants and substantial shoes while using the
tiller. Do not operate tiller while barefoot, wearing sandals,
tennis shoes, sneakers or shorts.
5 Fill fuel tank with gasoline before starting the engine.
Avoid spilling any gasoline. Since gasoline is highly flam-
mable, handle it carefully.
A. Use an approved gasoline container.
B. Fill tiller fuel tank outdoors when engine is cool. En-
gine must not be running to prevent a potential
hazard.
C. Wipe up any gasoline that may have spilled, and
install gasoline container cap and tiller fuel tank cap
before starting the engine.
WHILE OPERATING
8 6. Open doors if engine will be run in the garage because
9 exhaust fumes are dangerous and could possibly be
deadly. Do not run engine indoors.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Do not operate the tiller if someone is near the area to be
tilled.
Tilling the soil demands attention. Always maintain secure
footing, balance and control.
Till the soil when it is dry or moist because wet or
sticky soil can cause mechanical damage.
Keep face, hands, feet and any other part of the body or
clothing away from concealed, moving or rotating pars
such as the tines, belts and pulleys. Stay behind the
handles and away from the tines while operating the tiller.
Release clutch control, shut engine off and wait for all
parts to stop before removing any obstruction from the
tines. Use a stick to remove the obstruction.
If a solid object is hit by the tines or tines get plugged,
release clutch control and shut engine off. Remove high
tension wire from spark plug; then check for possible
damage, an obstruction or loose parts. Use a stick to
remove any obstruction, and make all repairs before using
the tiller again.
Before leaving the operator's position - behind handles -
release clutch control and shut engine off. Pull high ten-
sion wire off spark plug to prevent possibility of accidental
starting.
Do not touch the engine while it is running or soon after itis
stopped because the engine may be hot enough to cause
a burn.
MAINTAINING TILLER
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Before performing any maintenance or servicing the tiller,
shut engine off and pull high tension wire off spark plug to
prevent possibility of accidental starting.
Perform only those maintenance instructions described in
this manual. If major repairs are ever needed or assis-
tance is desired, contact an Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
Keep tiller in safe operating condition by having nuts, bolts
and screws tight.
To reduce potential fire hazard, make sure engine and
tiller chassis is free of excessive grease, vegetation, dirt
and other foreign matter.
Do not overspeed the engine by changing governor set-
tings. Recommended engine speed is 3600 rpm. To as-
sure safety and accuracy, have an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer check maximum engine speed (3600 rpm)
with a tachometer.
HARDWARE BAG CONTENTS
The items illustrated below are used during the as- hardware needed in each assembly step. The quantity
sembly of your Tiller. The illustrations are drawn actual of each item is shown in parenthesis.
size and can be helpful in determining the correct
(4) (2)
(4) % Hex Nut % Hex Nut
YX X 1" “Coarse Thread" “Fine Thread”
Hex Hd. Cap Screw
Grade 5
(1)
3/32 x 34
Cotter Pin
(1)
5/16 Hex Nut
(1) Y
Kno % Lock Washer
(2)
36 x 1%
Hex Hd. Cap Screw
Grade 5
“Fine Thread"
80959
SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS
This tiller is shipped in one carton completely assembled
except for the handle, control rod and outer tine hub assem-
blies. A hardware bag is also furnished which contains all the
extra parts and hardware needed to assemble the tiller cor-
rectly. NOTE: Page 4 illustrates the hardware bag con-
tents (drawn actual size). Use this page for correct identifica-
tion of hardware items used during assembly.
CUSTOMER NOTICE! The engine on this tiller was shipped
without oil in the crankcase. If engine is started before oil is
added to the crankcase, engine damage could result. Be sure
to read and follow all SET-UP, BEFORE OPERATING and
CONTROLS AND OPERATION instructions in this operator's
manual.
IMPORTANT!
All items marked with an asterisk (*) can be found in the
hardware bag.
1. Remove tiller and all other parts from the shipping carton.
Avoid unnecessary lifting; cut shipping carton open and
roll tiller out of carton.
2. Attach the handle to the handle brackets, Fig. 1. Position
handle over brackets and secure using four (4): 3-16x 1"
acorn hd. bolts*, % lock washers" and 3-16 hex nut”. Be
sure handle is pushed all the way up before tightening
the bolts.
3. Attach the throttle control to the back side of handle, Fig. 2.
(NOTE: Route cable through opening above cross brace,
Fig. 1.)
Slide the threaded part of control into slot on the back of
handle, Fig. 2. Slide the % lock washer and 35-24 hex nut
up the control cable and secure control to handle by tight-
ening the hex nut to the control from underside of the slot.
NOTE: Lock washer and nut (Fig. 2) are placed on cable
at factory.
4. Turn the control knob* onto the clutch control lever, Fig. 3.
* This item can be found in the hardware bag.
Cross :
Brace ///
36-16 Hex Nuts
EZ нана Thread”
| Throttle Cable # @— Lock Wash
+ asher
FIGURE 1
Throttle Control
\
% Lock Washer \\ \
Y%-24 Hex Nut A \
FIGURE 2
Control
Clutch Knob
Control Lever -
FIGURE 3 5
SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS
Handle Grip
FAN
5. Dip Grips into cold water and slide onto handie
bars.
6. Reposition the outer tine hub asseriblies, to the proper
end of tine shaft, Fig. 5. NOTE: For shipping purposes,
this tiller was shipped with the outer tine hub assemblies on
the opposite ends of the shaft. >
Slide each outer tine hub assembly from tine shaft and
install onto the opposite end of tine shaft. Be sure the tilling
edges (tapered edges) are facing the same forward direc-
tion as the inner tine hub assemblies.
When the hole in the hub assembly lines up with hole in the
tine shaft, insert a 36-24 x 134 hex hd. heat treated cap
screw” and secure with a 36 lock washer” and 36-24 hex
nut” (“fine thread”).
Assemble the other outer tine hub assembly following
the same instructions as outlined above.
7. Attach control rod to the tiller.
The swivel stud is attached to the idler arm located behind
the belt guard next to the 2 large pulleys, Fig. 6.
Insert the threaded end of the control rod through hole in
swivel stud and secure in place with the 5/16-18 hex nut”.
Insert the hooked end of control rod through the hole
provided in the control lever assembly on the backside of
handle, Fig. 7. Secure in place with a 3/32 x %4 cotter pin”.
IMPORTANT: Check “Clutch Control Adjustment” of tiller
following instructions in ADJUSTMENT AND SERVICING
section, page 9.
* This item can be found in the hardware bag.
Outer Tine Hub
Assembly
DA
% Lock Washer
Tine Shaft я
38-24 x 1% Hex Hd.
Heat Treated Cap Screw
36-24 Hex Nut
“Fine Thread”
FIGURE 5
Swivel Stud
Control Rod
/
Idler Arm
5/16-18
Hex Nut
FIGURE 6
Hooked End Of
Control Rod
3/32 x 34
— Cotter Pin
Insert In
This Hole
FIGURE 7
Dérre
BEFORE OPERATING
1. IMPORTANT: FILL CRANKCASE WITH OIL
The engine does not have oil in the crankcase when it is
shipped from the factory. If engine is started before oil is
added to the crankcase, engine damage could result.
Refer to the engine section of this operator's manual forthe
quantity and type of oil needed.
2 Fill fuel tank with a clean, fresh, leaded or low-lead “regu-
lar” grade of automotive gasoline. Do not use lead-free
gasoline or “gasohol”. Fill tank completely. Do not mix oil
with gasoline.
3. Although your tiller was lubricated at the factory, do it again
during initial servicing to become familiar with points re-
quiring regular service. Be certain to check oil in chain
case. See LUBRICATION instructions.
4. All bolts and nuts should be checked and tightened during
the first two (2) hours of use. Periodic checks should be
made thereafter.
CONTROLS
CLUTCH CONTROL LEVER
The clutch control lever engages forward and reverse drive to
the tines and also disengages the drive to the tines. The clutch
control lever is located in the center of the handle bar (Fig. 8).
To engage forward drive to the tines, move lever to the left and
allow it to go forward into bottom of slot. To engage reverse,
pull lever back. Lever will not lock in reverse. You must pull
lever whenever you want to go in reverse. Neutral is located in
the center notch of the slot.
A Before starting engine be certain clutch control
lever is in neutral position.
THROTTLE CONTROL
This control regulates the engine speed from idle to fast and
also stops the engine. № 15 located on the right side of the
handle panel (Fig. 8). Toidle engine push throttle control in. To
increase speed pull throttle control out. To stop engine push
throttle control all the way In.
DEPTH CONTROL
The depth control determines the depth and speed (acting as
a brake) atwhich the tiller will operate. it is located in the rear of
the tiller frame, Fig. 8 and 9.
By lowering the setting of the depth control, the forward speed
of the tiller is reduced and the working depth of the tines is
increased. Raising the setting of the depth control increases
the forward speed and reduces the working depth. Refer to
Fig. 9 for an explanation of the different hole settings in the
depth control.
Throttle Control
FIGURE 8
This Hole Is For Use With
Furrow Opener Attachment
Only. DO NOT Use For Tilling.
Put Pin In These Holes
agg
For Deeper Tilling Depth. N
== e
O
O
Put Pin In These =
Holes For Shallow -
| JR
———
===
emia
Tilling Depth.
Put Pin in This Hole
For Transporting Only.
FIGURE 9
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATING SUGGESTIONS
This tiller will provide excellent rotary tilling for seed bed pre-
paration, mulching or similar chores. Planting of rows in stan-
dard widths (36") will enable you to use your tiller for cultivating
the soil between the rows. See VERSATILE TINE COMBINA-
TIONS.
OPERATING TIPS
The forward and penetrating action of the rotary tiller is ob-
tained from the rotating action of the tines in the soil. Do not
fight the tiller. Permit the tiller to do the work it was made to do.
NOTE: Turning the tiller is made easier by lifting the handle
up slightly. This reduces drag from the depth control (Fig. 8).
When soil conditions are severe and several passes must be
made over a certain area, the depth control setting should be
lowered each time a pass is made. Further control of the tilling
depth and travel speed can be obtained by variation of pres-
sure on the handle. A downward pressure on the handle will
increase the working depth and reduce the forward speed.
An upward pressure on the handle will reduce the working
depth and increase the forward speed. The type of soil and
working conditions will determine the actual setting of the
depth control and the handle pressure required. A few minutes
use will quickly tell what the best setting is for your particular
soil conditions.
STARTING AND STOPPING
INSTRUCTIONS
Now that you have located the controls and understand their
operation and function, it is time to start your tiller. Remember,
improper use of the tiller could result in injury. Give complete
and undivided attention to what you are doing. Know how to
stop engine quickly.
2, Before starting engine, be certain the clutch con-
trol lever is in neutral.
1. Refer to the engine STARTING instructions in the engine
section.
NI
Move tiller to suitable ground.
3. Choke the engine (pull throttle control all the way out). See
instructions in the engine section. Do not choke the engine
it you are starting a warm engine.
4. Start engine by pulling starter rope.
5. Shift into forward, neutral and reverse to be certain all three
positions operate properly. STOP ENGINE.
A If tiller moves in the neutral position, adjust clutch
control rod following the instructions on page 9.
To Stop Engine:
1. Move the clutch control lever to the neutral position.
2. Push throttle control all the way in.
VERSATILE TINE COMBINATIONS
Choose one of three (3) different tilling widths (12”, 20" or 26”)
by interchanging the tines pointing in or by removing the outer
tine hub assemblies altogether, Fig. 10.
The 12" tilling width is achieved by simply removing the two
(2) outer tine hub assemblies.
The 20” tilling width is achieved by removing two (2) tines
(those that point out) from each outer tine hub assembly and
transfer these tines, installing them on the opposite side of the
tiller. The transferred tines should be pointing toward the chain
case with the tilling edges (tapered edges) facing the same
forward direction as the inner tine hub assemblies. Match
symbols, as shown in Fig. 10, for easy changeover.
The 26” tilling width is the width of tines that your tiller is set at
after initial assembly of the tiller.
FIGURE 10
COVEY
AEST
MAINTENANCE
ADJUSTMENT AND SERVICING
Never attempt to make adjustments on the tiller
while it is in operation or while the engine is
running. Always turn engine off before attempt-
ing to make any adjustment.
CLUTCH CONTROL ADJUSTMENT
Although the control rod has been adjusted at the factory, it
may require some adjustment, Fig. 11.
Push throttle control all the way in and discon-
nect spark plug wire to prevent accidental start-
ing.
To check adjustment: Place the clutch control lever in the
neutral position. Turn the engine over slowly (by pulling starter
rope) to be sure the belts slip on all pulleys.
If tiller moves forward in the neutral position, loosen the jam
nut and top hex nut. Move the bottom hex nut up slightly and
retighten top hex nut and jam nut. If tiller moves backward in
the neutral position move the bottom hex nut down slightly and
retighten top hex nut and jam nut, Fig. 11.
After satisfactory adjustment has been obtained, reconnect
the spark plug wire.
WHEEL HANGER ADJUSTMENT
To provide a comfortable handle bar height at various tilling
depths, the wheel hanger can be adjusted to one of three (3)
positions, Fig. 12.
To Adjust:
1. Remove spring clip and clevis pin.
2. Move wheel hanger to either hole position to raise or lower
handle to position most comfortable to you.
3. Insert clevis pin and secure with spring clip.
ADJUSTMENT FOR BELT STRETCH
To compensate for belt stretch loosen bolts that secure engine
to frame and slide engine forward in slots. After adjustment is
made tighten bolts securely.
BELT REPLACEMENT
If all the adjustment has been used up, or the belts become
excessively worn or break, replacement is required. Order
belts from your TORO dealer. Any other belts will not provide
the life or service of the specified belts.
To replace the forward drive belt:
1. Remove the belt guard.
2. Unhook the front end of spring from engine mounting
bracket, Fig. 13.
3. Remove the forward drive belt from pulleys.
4. Place belt around engine pulley and input pulley.
5. Replace the idier spring.
6. Be sure belt is between belt guides and on top of forward
idler.
7. Replace the belt guard.
To replace the reverse drive belt:
1. Remove the belt guard.
2. Unhook the front end of spring from engine mounting
bracket, Fig. 13.
3. Remove the forward drive belt.
4. Remove the reverse drive belt from pulleys.
5
Place belt around cam shaft pulley on engine and around
input pulley.
6. Be sure belt is between belt guides and under reverse
idler, Fig. 13.
7. Replace forward drive belt.
o
. Replace the idler spring.
©
Replace the belt guard.
Control R
Top Hex Nut
Swivel Stud
Bottom
Hex Nut
4
3
3
=
Idler Arm
(Right Side View)
СЭ
FIGURE 11
О
rie
Wheel Hanger Can Be =
Adjusted In These 3 —
(Three) Positions
FIGURE 12 | 9
MAINTENANCE
Reverse Idler
Cam Shaft Pulley,
Engine Pulley
Belt Guides—
Reverse Belt
A Idler
Unhook This End
Of Spring
Forward Belt
LUBRICATION
+
A
Engine - The engine must be in a level position to check
the oil level in the engine crankcase. Check every 5 hours
of operation. Add oil as necessary to keep level full to point
of overflowing. Before removing the oil fill plug, clean area
around plug to prevent dirt from entering oil fill hole. NOTE:
Refer to the engine operating instructions for all mainte-
nance and lubrication instructions and requirements.
Chain Case - To check the oil level of the tiller chain case,
the tiller must be on a level surface. To check oil level, wipe
dirt from around the Oil Level Check and Fill Plug (shown in
Fig. 14), then remove plug. Oil should be level with the
bottom of the plug hole. Ifitisn't, add lead base (EP) S.A.E.
140 heavy-duty oil (Part #4890) to bring oil up to the
proper level. Replace plug after oil begins to run out of the
plug hole. Check oil level after every 25 operating hours, or
if unit shows signs of leakage.
Wheels - Lubricate the wheels periodically using SAE
#30 wt. oll.
TORAGE
For short term storage clean off the tiller and store in a dry
place
If tiller is not to be used for an extended period of time it should
be serviced and stored in a dry place.
E
Refer to the engine section for engine storage instructions.
2. Drain gasoline from fuel tank.
10
FIGURE 13
3. Run engine until it stops.
4. Cover exposed metal surfaces with a thin coat of SAE #30
wt. oil.
9. Lubricate per instructions under LUBRICATION AND
MAINTENANCE.
6. Before using the tiller again, check all lubrication points, fill
fuel tank and review the safety and operating instructions
in this Operator's Manual.
FIGURE 14
rove
A2495
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
Spark Plug Holding Tab
For Spark
Plug Wire
(Cylinder
Rotating Screen
Model, Type And Code
Number On Blower Housing а Аг
Cranksha
e.» \
_ )
\
Carburetor
Fuel Tank
Cover i |
SALE Oil Plug
BEFORE STARTING
Use a high quality detergent oil classified “For Service SF, SE.
SD or SC." Detergent oils keep the engine cleaner and retard
the formation of gum and varnish deposits. Nothing should be
added to the recommended oil.
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
5W-20, 5W-30
°F-20 0 20 40 60 80 100
°С-30 -20 _ -10 0 10 20 — 30 40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
* If not available, a synthetic oil may be used having 5W-20,
5W-30 or 5W-40 viscosity.
TO FILL CRANKCASE WITH OIL
Place engine level. Clean area around oil fill before removing
oil fill plug.
OIL FILL PLUG Remove oil fill plug. Fill crankcase to point of
overflowing. POUR SLOWLY. Capacity approximately 1Va
pints (0.59 liters). Replace oil fill plug.
во
Level Dipstick
OIL FILL PLUG [EXTENDED OIL FILL
EXTENDED OIL FILL (Optional) Remove cap and dipstick.
Fill to full mark on dipstick. POUR SLOWLY. Capacity ap-
proximately 1Va pints (0.59 liters). When checking oil level,
screw dipstick assembly firmly but slowly until cap bottoms on
tube. DO NOT OVERFILL. Dipstick assembly must be secure-
ly assembled to tube at all times when engine is operating.
FILL FUEL TANK
Use clean, fresh, "regulargrade leaded, low-lead or lead-free”
gasoline. DO NOT MIX OIL WITH GASOLINE.
NOTE: The use of “lead-free” gasoline produces fewer com-
bustion deposits, but may shorten valve life if carburetor ad-
justment is too lean.
11
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
STARTING
Start, store and fuel engine in a level position.
CHOKE ENGINE - Pull choke out as illustrated.
PULL OUT TO CHOKE
CAUTION: DO NOT operate engine with lever in partial
choke position. Excessive speeds may occur if engine is
run (after warm up) with choke partially closed.
NOTE: A warm engine requires less choking than a cold
engine.
NOTE: Engine may not start if controls on powered equip-
ment do not close choke fully. See ADJUSTMENT section.
THROTTLE CONTROL: Pull throttle control about half way
out.
THROTTLE CONTROL
PUSH IN FOR SLOW AND
STOP PULL OUT FOR
FAST AND STARTING
TO START ENGINE
DANGER: ALWAYS KEEP HANDS AND FEET
CLEAR OF ROTATING MACHINERY.
Rewind Starter. Grasp starter handle as illustrated and pull
out cord rapidly to overcome compression and prevent kick-
back. Repeat If necessary with choke opened slightly. When
engine starts, open choke gradually.
12
EA ep
—
TO STOP ENGINE
Move throttle control lever to "STOP" position (push all the
way in).
MAINTENANCE
WARNING: TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL START-
ING when servicing the engine or equipment, always
remove the spark plug or wire from the spark plug
and insert in v-notch.
V-Notch
Y O
o @— Plug
TEN
|
/] HE ОР
|
|
CHECK OIL LEVEL regularly - after each five hours of opera-
tion. BE SURE OIL LEVEL IS MAINTAINED.
CHANGE OIL after first five hours of operation. Thereafter
change every 25 hours of operation. Drain oil while engine is
warm, as follows:
1. Clean area around oil fill plug.
2. Tip and hold tiller about 45° forward. HINT: If necessary
nave someone hold tiller in this position while steps 3and 4
are completed.
3. Place oil pan directly under opening; remove oil plug and
allow oil to drain completely.
4. Lower tiller to level position and refill with new oil of proper
grade (see oil chart in BEFORE STARTING section).
5. Wipe up any spilled or excess oil and replace oil fill plug.
Fey
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
A
OIL FILLER PLUG
Assemble Element -—
So Lip Extends
Over Edge Of Air
Cleaner Body —
Lip Will Form Protective Seal
When Cover Is ‘Assembled |! A
1 -
OIL FOAM AIR CLEANER
Tip Tiller
Forward To
Drain О!
UA.
CLEAN COOLING SYSTEM - Grass, chaff « or dirt may clog
the rotating screen and the air cooling system, especially after
prolonged service. Yearly or every 100 hours, whichever
occurs first, remove the blower housing and clean the areas
shown to avoid overspeeding, overheating and engine dam-
age. Clean more often if des
7 EL
LL e $ — —- Clean Out
= A 7/ Chaff And Dirt
=
= E
TO SERVICE AIR CLEANER
“Oil Foam” Air Cleaner
Clean and re-oil foam element at three month intervals or
every 25 hours, whichever occurs first.
NOTE: Service air cleaner more often under dusty condi-
tions.
1. Remove screw.
2. Remove air cleaner carefully to prevent dirt from entering
carburetor.
3. Take air cleaner apart and clean.
a. WASH foam element in kerosene or liquid detergent
and water to remove dirt.
b. Wrap foam in cloth and squeeze dry.
с. Saturate foam with engine oil. Squeeze to remove
excess oil.
4 Reassemble parts and fasten to carburetor securely with
screw.
DANGER: Periodically clean muffler area to remove all
grass, dirt and combustible debris.
SPARK PLUG - Clean and reset gap at .030" every 100 hours
of operation.
CAUTION: Do not blast clean spark plug. Spark plug should
be cleaned by scraping or wire brushing and washing with a
commercial solvent.
Sparking can occur if wire terminal does not fit firmly on spark
plug, or if stop switch vibrates against spark plug. Reform
terminal or repair switch if necessary.
REMOVE COMBUSTION DEPOSITS every 100-300 hours of
operation. Remove cylinder head and cylinder head shield.
Scrape and wire brush the combustion deposits from cylinder,
cylinder head, top of piston and around valves. Use a soft
brush to remove deposits. Re-assemble gasket, cylinder head
and cylinder head shield. Turn screws down finger tight with
the three longer screws around the exhaust valve, if so equip-
ped. Torque cylinder head screws in a staggered sequence 10
140 inch pounds (15.82 Nm).
SPARK ARRESTER EQUIPPED MUFFLER - If engine muf-
fler is equipped with spark arrester screen assembly, remove
every 50 hours for cleaning and inspection. Replace if dam-
aged.
CLEAN ENGINE - Remove dirt and debris with a cloth or
brush. Cleaning with a forceful spray of water is not recom-
mended as water could contaminate the fuel system. 13
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
ADJUSTMENTS
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENTS
Minor carburetor adjustment may be required to compensate
for differences in fuel, temperature, altitude or load.
NOTE: The air cleaner must be assembled to carburetor
when running engine.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR — Gently turn needle valve
clockwise until it just closes. Valve may be damaged by turn-
ing it in too far.
Next, open the needle valve 12 turns counterclockwise. This
initial adjustment will permit the engine to be started and
warmed up (approximately 5 minutes) prior to final adjust-
ment.
Idle Speed > Throttle
E Screw OS ZA — Stop
- wm —
<H Throttle
a e Valve
FINAL ADJUSTMENT
Place speed control lever in “FAST” position. Turn needle
valve in until engine slows (clockwise - lean mixture). Then
turn It out past smooth operating point until engine runs un-
evenly (rich mixture). Now turn needle valve to the midpoint
between rich and lean so the engine runs smoothly. Next,
adjust idle RPM. Rotate throttle counterclockwise and hold
against stop. Adjust idle speed adjusting screw to obtain 1750
RPM. Release throttle - engine should accelerate without
hesitation or sputtering. If engine does not accelerate pro-
perly, the carburetor should be re-adjusted, usually to a slight-
ly richer mixture.
CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS
Proper choke and speed control operation is dependent upon
proper adjustment of speed controls on the powered equip-
ment.
SPEED CONTROL ADJUSTMENT
The acceptable operating speed range is 1800 to 3600 RPM.
Idle speed is 1750 RPM. DO NOT EXCEED 3600 RPM.
dy |, EB a Ш
FEED CUNITRUL
Controls on powered equipment should move governor speed
control lever in direction illustrated to increase speed. Casing
from speed controis may be connected to engine at points
indicated. Wire travel is shown by arrows.
ASING TO
SPEED
CONTROL
14
GENERAL INFORMATION
These engines are single-cylinder L-head, air-cooled type.
MODEL SERIES 130200 to 131299
Bore ....... a 2-9/16" (65.09 mm)
Stroke ........... anna a 2-7/16" (61.91 mm)
Displacement ..................... 12.57 cu. in. (206.0 cc)
FONSBNOWel EEE 5.0 Max. @ 3600 RPM
Torque (Ft. LBS) re 7.66 Max. @ 3000 RPM
The horsepower ratings listed are established in accordance
with the Society of Automotive Engineers Test Code - J607.
For practical operation, the horsepower should not exceed
85% of this rating. Engine power will decrease 3%% for each
1,000 feet (304.8 m) above sea level and 1% for each 10°
above 60°F (16° C).
In some areas, local law requires the use of a resistor spark
plug so as to suppress ignition signals. if an engine was
originally equipped with a resistor spark plug, be sure to use
the same type of spark plug for replacement.
TUNE-UP SPECIFICATIONS
Robert
Spark Plug Type Champion Autolite Bosch
Short Plug CJ-8 235 WS9E
Long Plug J-8 295 =
Resistor Short Plug RCJ-8 245 WSR9E
Resistor Long Plug RJ-8 306 --
Spark Plug Gap ..............—.—._._00s00eoo .030" (.76 mm)
Ignition Point Gap
(Model 130200 Series Only) ............. 020" (.51 mm)
Intake Valve Clearance ......... 005” - .007” (.13 - .18 mm)
Exhaust Valve Clearance ....... 009" - .011" (.23 - .28 mm)
STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS
Engines to be stored over 30 days should be completely
drained of fuel to prevent gum deposits forming on essential
carburetor parts, fuel filter and tank.
NOTE: The use of a fuel additive, such as STA-BIL, or an
equivalent, will minimize the formation of fuel gum deposits
during storage. Such an additive may be added to the gasoline
In the fuel tank of the engine, or to the gasoline in a storage
container.
a. All fuel shouid be removed from the tank. Run the engine
until it stops from lack of fuel. The small amount of fuel that
remains in the sump of the tank should be removed by
absorbing it with a clean, dry cloth.
b. While engine is still warm, drain oil from crankcase. Refill
with fresh oil.
c. Remove spark plug, pour approximately 2 ounce (15 cc)
of engine oil into cylinder and crank slowly to distribute oil.
Replace spark plug.
d. Clean dirt and chaff from cylinder, cylinder head fins,
blower housing, rotating screen and muffler areas.
e. Store ina clean and dry area.
Bovey
ALA
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Engine does not start.
. Gas tank is empty.
. Choke not in FULL position.
. Spark plug loose.
. High tension wire loose or discon-
nected from spark plug.
. Spark plug gap is incorrect.
. Spark plug is defective.
. Faulty points or condenser.
. Fill fuel tank with gasoline: Refer to Fill
Fuel Tank, page 11.
. Move choke to FULL CHOKE position:
Refer to Starting and Stopping Instruc-
tions, page 12.
. Tighten spark plug to 15 ft.-Ib. (20.4
Nm)
Install high tension wire on spark plug.
Set gap between electrodes at 0.030 of
an inch (0.76 mm).
. Install new, correctly gapped plug:
Refer to Tune-Up Specifications, page
14.
Contact Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
Engine starts hard or loses
power.
. Dirt, water, or stale fuel in gas tank.
. Vent hole in fuel tank cap is plugged.
. Air cleaner is dirty.
. Drain gas and clean fuel tank. Fill tank
with clean, fresh gasoline: Refer to Fill
Fuel Tank, page 11.
Clean or replace fuel tank cap.
. Clean the air cleaner element: Referto
To Service Air Cleaner, page 13.
Engine operates erratically.
. Spark plug is defective.
. Spark plug is gapped incorrectly.
. Air cleaner is dirty.
1.
Install new, correctly gapped plug:
Refer to Tune-Up Specifications, page
14.
Set gap between electrodes at 0.030 |
of an inch (0.76 mm).
Clean the air cleaner element: Refer
to To Service Air Cleaner, page 13.
15
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Engine idles poorly.
1. Air cleaner is dirty.
2. Qil level in crankcase is low.
3. Airslots in engine shroud are
plugged.
4. Cooling fins and air passages under
engine blower housing are plugged.
5. Improper idle adjustment.
. Clean the air cleaner element: Refer
to To Service Air Cleaner, page 13.
. Add oil to crankcase: Refer to Fill
Crankcase With Oil, page 11.
Remove obstruction from slots.
Remove obstruction from cooling fins
and blower housing: Refer to Clean
Cooling System, page 13.
. Adjust carburetor properly, page 14.
Engine misfires at high speed.
1. Air gap between electrodes of spark
plug is too close.
2. Carburetor adjusted incorrectly.
. Set air gap at 0.030 of an inch (0.76
mm).
. Adjust carburetor: Refer to Carburetor
Adjustments, page 14.
Engine overheats.
1. Cooling air flow is restricted.
2. Qil level in crankcase is low.
3. Incorrect spark plug.
. Remove any obstruction from slots in
shroud, blower housing, air passages
and cooling fins on engine.
. Add oil to crankcase: Refer to Fill
Crankcase With Qil, page 11.
Install Champion RCJ8 spark plug that
is gapped at 0.030 of an inch.
Tiller vibrates abnormally.
Tines do not rotate.
1. Tine section is loose.
2. Engine mounting bolts are loose.
J. Improper carburetor adjustment.
4. Air cleaner plugged.
. Tighten tine bolts and nuts.
. Tighten engine mounting bolts.
. Adjust carburetor properly, page 14.
Service air cleaner, page 13.
1. Beltis broken.
2. Clutch cable is adjusted incorrectly.
. Contact Authorized TORO Service
Dealer tor replacement belt.
. Refer to Adjustment For Belt Stretch,
page 9.
16
0052
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Date
Hours
Used
Qil
Change
Air Cleaner
Service
Lubrication
Inspect
Drive Belt
Winter
Storage
Spring
Service
Spark
Plug
17
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Date
Hours
Used
Oil
Change
Air Cleaner
Service
Lubrication
Inspect
Drive Belt
Winter
Storage
Spring
Service
Spark
Plug
18
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Date
Hours
Used
Qil
Change
Air Cleaner
Service
Lubrication
Inspect
Drive Belt
Winter
Storage
Spring
Service
Spark
Plug
19
IDENTIFICATION AND ORDERING
MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBERS To order replacement parts from an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer, supply the following information:
The tiller has two identification numbers: a model num-
ber and a serial number. The two numbers are stamped 1. Model and serial number of the tiller.
on a decal which is on the right side of the frame below
the handle support bracket. 2. Part number, description, and quantity of part(s)
desired.
Record the model and serial numbers below and keep
this manual in a safe place for future reference.
Model No.
Serial No.
In any correspondence the tiller, supply the model and
serial numbers to assure that correct information and
replacement parts are obtained.
Residential Product
VV: VN),
AA
costs. Just return any residential product
or TORO Distributor.
Should you feel your TORO is defective and wish to
rely on The Toro Promise, the following procedure
is recommended:
1. Contact any Authorized TORO Service Dealer,
TORO Master Service Dealer, or TORO Distributor
(the Yellow Pages of your telephone directory is
a good reference source).
2. He will either instruct you to return the product
to him or recommend another Authorized TORO
Service outlet which might be more convenient,
AAA STE ATA TA DATA DA
3. Bring the product along with your original sales
slip, or other evidence of purchase date, to the
service dealer.
fe
. The servicing dealer will inspect the unit, advise
you whether the product is defective and, if so,
make all repairs necessary to correct the defect
without extra charge to you,
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the dealer's
analysis of the defect or the service performed, you
may contact us.
Write:
81 у stati Avenue South
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55420
The above remedy of product defects through
repair by an Authorized TORO Service Dealer is
the purchaser's sole remedy for any defect,
THERE 1S NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT-
ABILITY AND FITNESS FOR USE ARE LIMITED
TO THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESS
WARRANTY,
B2607
NOTE: Do not order by reference number if a parts
catalog is being used; use the PART NUMBER.
The Toro Company promises to repair these TORO Products if defective in materials
or workmanship. The following time periods from the date of purchase apply:
2 Years
Residential Products Used Camimercialiv . . . 45 Days
The costs of parts and labor are included, but the customer pays the transportation
to an Authorized TORO Service Dealer
Some states do not allow limitations on how long
implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may
not apply to you.
This Warranty applies only to parts or components
which are defective and does not cover repairs
necessary due to normal wear, misuse, accidents, or
lack of proper maintenance. Regular, routine
maintenance of the unit to keep it in proper
operating condition is the responsibility of the owner.
Ail warranty repairs reimbursable under The Toro
Promise must be performed by an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer using Toro approved replacement
parts.
Repairs or attempted repairs by anyone other than
an Authorized TORO Service Account are not
reimbursable under The Toro Promise. In addition,
these unauthorized repair attempts may result in
additional malfunctions, the correction of which is
not covered by warranty.
THE TORO COMPANY IS NOT LIABLE FOR IN-
DIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF
THE PRODUCT INCLUDING ANY COST OR
EXPENSE OF PROVIDING SUBSTITUTE EQUIP-
MENT OR SERVICE DURING PERIODS OF MAL-
FUNCTION OR NON-USE.
Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidentai
or consequential damages, so the above exclusion
may not apply to you,
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you
may also have other rights which vary from state to
state.
a VV QV QU: i
The Toro Promise
A Two Year Limited Warranty
On All
Gasoline Powered Consumer Products
= ОТОьй AO)
NO NANA CDC NOTEN NINE
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