Toro 18" Tiller User manual

Toro 18
FORM NO. 3311-986
4 OPERATOR'S |
MODEL NO. 58150 - 3000001 & UP MANUAL
5 HP REAR TINE TILLER
\ FIXED HANDLE J
To assure maximum saftey, optimum performance, and
to gain knowledge of the product, it is essential that you
or any other operator of the tiller read and understand
the contents of this manual before the engine is ever
started. Pay particular attention to the SAFETY IN-
STRUCTIONS highlighted by this safety alert symbol —
The symbol means CAUTION, WARNING or DANGER
— personal safety instruction. Failure to comply with the
instruction may result in personal injury.
PRICE $1.00
FOREWORD
The TORO Tiller has advanced concepts in engineering, de-
sign, and safety. If set-up and maintained properly, the tiller will
give long, dependable service.
Since the tiller is a high-quality product, TORO is concerned
about the future use of the tiller and safety of the user. There-
fore, read this manual carefully to familiarize yourself with the
safety instructions and the product before operating the tiller.
The seven major sections of the manual are:
Safety instructions
Set-Up Instructions
Before Operating
Controls and Operating Instructions
Maintenance
Engine Operating and Maintenance Instructions
Trouble Shooting
м о ВО +
Note that safety, mechanical, and some general information in
the manual is emphasized. The words CAUTION, WARNING,
DANGER, IMPORTANT, and NOTE are used to classify the
information. CAUTION, WARNING, and DANGER identify
safety related information; and NOTE identifies general infor-
mation worthy of special attention.
OPTIONAL SPARK ARRESTER
In some areas there are local, state or federal regulations
requiring that a spark arrester be used on the engine of this
tiller. If a spark arrester is required, order from your local
Briggs & Stratton dealer.
Notice to customers in the State of California - The
engine on this unit is NOT equipped with a spark
arresting muffler.
WARNING
When tiller is used or operated on any California
forest, brush or grass covered land, a working order
spark arrester must be attached to muffler. If not,
the operator is violating state law, Section 4442
Public Resources Code.
If help - concerning set-up, operation, maintenance, or safety - is ever needed, contact the
local Authorized TORO Service Dealer or Distributor. Refer to the “Yellow Pages" for assis-
tance. In addition to skilled service technicians, the dealer and distributor have other TORO
products, as well as factory approved accessories and replacement parts. Keep your Toro
Tiller all TORO. Buy genuine TORO replacement parts and accessories.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page Page
Safety instructions .......................... 3 Lubrication:
Before Operating ...........0.000000000 0000004 3 Wheel Drive Case ...................e.. 10
While Operating ..............-.——w=—.——w=w—e.=..- 3 Tine Drive Case ........0.000000000000440 10
Maintaining Tiller .......................... 3 General Lubrication........…..…..…..…..….….…..…. 11
Hardware Bag Contents ..............._r_eeeeee... 4 Balt ReplacBmont :-<e.=::0==v As 12
Set-Up Instructions ..............e...rweveecee... 5 re 12
Before Operating cox mass sma sits AS 6 Engine Operating and Maintenance .............. 13
Fill Crankcase With Oil === mem. 6 Before Starting ..................e.eesee.e. 13
Fill Fuel Tank With Gasoline ................. 6 Starting .......00000000001 14
Controls and Operating Instructions ............... 7 Maintenance ....................eoeé.eeeo.. 14
Clutch Lever :. : == e 7 ACUSITENIE :====01 00 vana EEC AT 16
Throttle Control ................e.eee..e.... 7 General Information .:=-::-:= 0 16
Depth Controi .............-.....—.eeeeeeveas 7 SIOEDO ¡xuuermaEr MIES FEA 16
Operating Suggestions ................—.—eee.e... 8 Trouble Shodting : -=-<- :==3 e EA 17
Starting and Stopping Instructions ............ 8 Identification and Ordering ................—.——.—... 20
Tiller Maintenance « «io coo cosmos som sens wisms 8 The Toro Promise ................._._.....e-... 20
Adjustments:
Belt Adjustments ...............wweeooe.ea. 8
Clutch Control Lever .............._eeeeeo—_. g
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This safety alert symbol means
CAUTION, WARNING or DAN-
GER - “personal safety instruc-
tion”. Read and understand the
instruction because it has to do
with safety. Failure to comply
with the instruction may result
in personal injury.
The following “Instructions for Safe Tilling” are suggested by
The Toro Company. Failure to operate the tiller in accordance
with these Safety Instructions MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL
INJURY.
BEFORE OPERATING
1.
Read and understand the contents of this manual before
starting and operating the tiller. Become familiar with all
controls and know how to stop tiller quickly. NEVER AL-
LOW CHILDREN TO OPERATE TILLER.
Keep everyone, especially children and pets, away from
the area of operation. Remove glass, metal objects,
sticks, stones, wire and any other debris that might get
caught in or possibly be thrown by the tines.
Keep all shields and safety devices in place. If shield,
safety device or decal is defective, repair or replace it
before operation is commenced. Also tighten any loose
nuts, bolts and screws.
. Wear long pants and substantial shoes while using the
tiller. Do not operate tiller while barefoot, wearing sandals,
tennis shoes, sneakers or shorts.
Fill fuel tank with gasoline before starting the engine.
Avoid spilling any gasoline. Since gasoline is highly flam-
mable, handle it carefully.
A. Use an approved gasoline container.
B. Fill tiller fuel tank outdoors when engine is cool. En-
gine must not be running to prevent a potential
hazard.
C. Wipe up any gasoline that may have spilled, and
install gasoline container cap and tiller fuel tank cap
before starting the engine.
WHILE OPERATING
6. Open doors if engine will be run in the garage because
exhaust fumes are dangerous and could possibly be
deadly. Do not run engine indoors.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Do not operate the tiller if someone is near the area to be
tilled.
Tilling the soil demands attention. Always maintain secure
footing, balance and control.
Till the soil when it is dry or moist because wet or
sticky soil can cause mechanical damage.
Keep face, hands, feet and any other part of the body or
clothing away from concealed, moving or rotating parts
such as the tines, belts and pulleys. Stay behind the
handles and away from the tines while operating the tiller.
Release clutch control, shut engine off and wait for all
parts to stop before removing any obstruction from the
tines. Use a stick to remove the obstruction.
If a solid object is hit by the tines or tines get plugged,
release clutch control and shut engine off. Remove high
tension wire from spark plug; then check for possible
damage, an obstruction or loose parts. Use a stick to
remove any obstruction, and make all repairs before using
the tiller again.
Before leaving the operator's position - behind handles -
release clutch control and shut engine off. Pull high ten-
sion wire off spark plug to prevent possibility of accidental
starting.
Do not touch the engine while it is running or soon after it is
stopped because the engine may be hot enough to cause
a burn.
MAINTAINING TILLER
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Before performing any maintenance or servicing the tiller,
shut engine off and pull high tension wire off spark plug to
prevent possibility of accidental starting.
Perform only those maintenance instructions described in
this manual. If major repairs are ever needed or assis-
tance is desired, contact an Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
Keep tiller in safe operating condition by having nuts, bolts
and screws tight.
To reduce potential fire hazard, make sure engine and
tiller chassis is free of excessive grease, vegetation, dirt
and other foreign matter.
Do not overspeed the engine by changing governor set-
tings. Recommended engine speed is 3600 rpm. To as-
sure safety and accuracy, have an Authorized TORO
Service Dealer check maximum engine speed (3600 rpm)
with a tachometer.
HARDWARE BAG CONTENTS
The items illustrated below are used during the assembly of step. The quantity of each item is shown in parenthesis. Also
your Tiller. They are drawn actual size and can be helpful in included in the hardware bag, but not illustrated here, are (2)
determining the correct hardware needed in each assembly Handle Grips.
(4) % (4) %
Hex Nut Lock Washer
(4)
36 Xx 274
Hex Hd. Cap Screw
C=
(1) Cotter Pin
(1) 38 SAE
Flat Washer
i
(1) Control Knob
(2) Spacer Blocks
SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS
This tiller is shipped in one carton completely assembled
except for the handle and controls. A hardware bag is also
furnished which contains the extra parts and hardware need-
ed to assemble the tiller correctly. NOTE: Page 4 illustrates
the hardware bag contents (drawn actual size). Use this
page for correct identification of hardware items used during
assembly.
CUSTOMER NOTICE! The engine on this tiller was shipped
without oil in the crankcase. If engine is started before oil is
added to the crankcase, engine damage could result. Be sure
to read and follow all SET-UP, BEFORE OPERATING and
CONTROLS AND OPERATION instructions in this operator s
manual.
IMPORTANT!
All items marked with an asterisk (*) can be found in the
hardware bag.
1. Remove tiller and all other parts from the shipping carton.
NOTE: Avoid unnecessary lifting; cut shipping carton
open and roll tiller out of carton.
D. Attach the handle to the handle brackets. NOTE: Two
persons will make attaching the handle noticeably easier.
A. Position handle over support brackets as shown in Fig.
1. Insert a spacer block” on each side (between brack-
et and handle) then slide a 3 x 2% cap screw” through
the bottom hole in handle, spacer block, and bracket.
Assemble a 3 lock washer* and 3s hex nut* onto both
cap screws but do not fully tighten at this time.
B. Choose a high or low handle setting by lining up the top
hole on both sides of handle with the desired holes in
the bracket (top hole in bracket has 2 positions).
NOTE: If handle height setting is changed after tiller is
completely assembled be sure to check control lever
adjustment (see ADJUSTMENTS section).
C. Insert the two remaining % x 2V cap screws” through
the lined up top holes in handle, spacer blocks, and
support bracket. Secure each cap screw with lock
washer and 3s hex nut. At this time tighten all (4) cap
SCrews.
3. Attach the throttle control to the handle panel, Fig. 2. (Be
sure throttle cable is routed below cross brace, as shown in
Fig. 1.)
Slide the threaded part of control into slot on the back of
handle. Slide the 3s lock washer and 3 hex nut up the
control cable and secure control to handle by tightening the
hex nut to the control from underside of the slot. (NOTE:
Lock washer and nut in Fig. 2 are placed on cable at
factory.)
Hex Nut
Up Lock Washer
y
Handle Assembly
Cross Brace
Ya x 214
ex Hd. Cap Screw
E DN pacer Block
(Insert One On Each
Side Between Bracket
Throttle And Handle.)
Cable
EN upport
Bracket
FIGURE 1
Throttle Control
ee
¥ Lock Washer
35-24 Hex Nut
FIGURE 2
SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS
4. Slide handle grips* onto the handle, Fig. 3. If grips will not
slip on completely, place a block of wood against grip and
tap with hammer until grip is all the way on.
5. Turn the control knob* onto the clutch control lever, Fig. 3.
6. Attach control link to pivot.
A. Slide 3s SAE flat washer” onto end of control link, Fig.
4.
B. Insert end of control link into hole in pivot and secure
with cotter pin”. NOTE: Bend back ends of cotter pin
as shown in circled illustration.
7. Initial adjustment of the tiller was made at the factory.
However, before operation check the control set-up as
follows:
CAUTION: Disconnect spark plug wire and push
throttle control all the way in to prevent accidental
starting.
A. Move clutch control lever into "FORWARD" position.
Lightly puii back on the ¡ever to remove piay in
linkage. Lever should be %" from bottom of slot, as
shown in Fig. 5. If setting is not correct see “Clutch
Control Lever Adjustment” in ADJUSTMENTS sec-
tion.
B. Move clutch control lever into "NEUTRAL" position;
then pull starter rope slowly. Wheels and tines should
not move. If wheels or tines move see "Belt Adjust-
ments” in ADJUSTMENTS section.
BEFORE OPERATING
1. IMPORTANT: FILL CRANKCASE WITH OIL.
Before starting the engine, refer to the ENGINE OPERA-
TING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS. Be certain
that the engine crankcase is filled with the proper type oil
and that all engine service instructions have been followed
completely (see page 13).
2. Fill fuel tank with a clean, fresh, low-lead or leaded “regu-
lar” grade of automotive gasoline. Do not use “gasohol”.
Do not mix oil with gasoline.
NOTE: The use of “lead-free” gasoline produces fewer
combustion deposits, but may shorten valve life if carbure-
tor adjustment is too lean.
3. All nuts and bolts should be checked and tightened during
the first two (2) hours of use. Periodic checks should be
made thereafter.
Clutch
Control Lever
Control Knob
Handle Grip
FIGURE 3
38 SAE
Flat Washer
Pivot
A O) Cotter Pin
> PL Control Link
2 Hr
я Y - Bend Ends
Around Link
FIGURE 4
Ma
Clutch —
Control Lever
/
IX
FIGURE 5
CONTROLS
This tiller has the following controls: (Fig. 6)
ON ENGINE
A. Engine Rewind Starter (See engine section.)
B. Engine Choke (See engine section.)
ON HANDLE BAR
A. Clutch Control Lever
B. Throttle Control and Engine Stop
ON TINE SHIELD
A. Depth Control Lever
“FREE WHEEL” CONTROL
This control enables you to push the tiller easily. To "Free
Wheel", pull klik pin out of wheel hub and axle and insert pin
into the outer hole of the axle. NOTE: Be sure the klik pins
are replaced through the wheel hubs and inner holes on
axle before operating tiller, see Fig. 6A.
CLUTCH CONTROL LEVER
The clutch control lever, Fig. 6, is a single lever that engages
and disengages drive to both the tines and the wheels.
Moving control to the forward position engages the drive to
both the tines and the wheels at a tilling speed. CAUTION:
Before placing lever in forward, be certain depth control setting
is correct for soil conditions (see “Depth Control Lever”).
Pulling back on clutch control lever from forward drive to
neutral disengages the drive to the tines and wheels. Further
pulling back on the lever engages the reverse drive to the
wheels and the tiller moves backwards at transport speed.
(Tines do not rotate in reverse.) When released, the control
lever will return from reverse to the neutral position.
THROTTLE CONTROL AND ENGINE STOP
This control regulates the engine speed from idle to fast and
also stops the engine. It is located on the right side of the
handle panel (Fig. 6). To idle engine push throttle control in. To
increase speed pull throttle control out. To stop engine push
throttle control all the way in.
DEPTH CONTROL LEVER
CAUTION: Do not adjust tilling depth with the
A tines rotating. Place clutch control lever in the
neutral position before making adjustments of
depth control.
Throttle Control
And Engine Stop
Clutch
Control Lever
Engine Choke
3 A Fa: 7 Depth
: Nu Control Lever
FIGURE 6
Klik Pin Shown In The
Operating Positio
To ‘Free Wheel”
Remove Klik Pin From
The Position Shown And
Insert In This Hole
FIGURE 6A
| Y'3—Deepest Setting
DEPTH A ‘
CONTROL A "FE Shallowest
LEVER > Setting
FIGURE 7
The depth control lever is the “key” to easy tilling operation.
The exact setting of the control will vary with soil conditions.
When starting a tilling operation, start with the depth control
lever in the shallowest setting (Fig. 7). As you become ac-
quainted with the soil, keep raising the control lever so that
deeper tilling can be done.
CAUTION: If depth control lever is raised too high,
A the tines will propel the tiller forward pushing the
drive wheels along the ground at an uncontrolled
speed.
When starting to till unworked soil or sod, start in the shallow-
est setting of the depth control lever and raise the depth control
one notch at a time until you arrive at a satisfactory location of
the lever so that the deepest tilling can be done without having
uncontrolled forward speed.
7
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
When you start to till in the garden, remember to take it easy.
Do not try to take too deep a cut in a pass through sod or hard
ground, or soil that has not been tilled for several months or
years.
Do not lean on the handle bars because this takes weight off
the front wheels, reduces traction, and causes the tines to
attempt to propel the tiller instead of just digging.
There are several schools of thought as to the best method to
till. It is suggested you try the various methods and select the
one you are most comfortable with to get the results you
desire.
A. On each succeeding pass, overlap one-half of the pre-
vious pass.
B. On the second pass, leave a V2 width untilled and till this
width on the third pass. Repeat on the fourth pass, leaving
a Vz width untilled and on the fifth pass, till the untilled strip.
C. Use Aor B and repeat at 90 degrees.
Remember the key to easy tilling is the depth control setting.
Do not try to take too deep a cut in harder soils.
STARTING THE TILLER
Now that you have located the controls and understand their
operation and function, it is time to start your tiller.
1. Move tiller to suitable ground.
2. Set depth control to desired position.
3. Place clutch control lever in neutral.
4. Pull throttle control out to fast position.
Dn
Adjust engine choke to proper position. (Refer to engine
starting procedures in engine section.)
с
. Start engine by pulling starter cord.
7. Runtiller in forward and reverse to be certain tiller operates
correctly.
To Stop Engine
1. Place clutch control lever in neutral position.
2. Push throttle control all the way in to the stop position.
MAINTENANCE
ADJUSTMENTS
the tiller while the engine is running. Always stop the
engine and disconnect the wire from the spark plug
before attempting to make adjustments. Also, be
sure the throttle control is pushed all the way in.
CAUTION: Never attempt to make adjustments on
BELT ADJUSTMENTS
TINE DRIVE BELT
The tine drive belt, which is the outer belt, is adjusted by
loosening the clamp cap screws (Fig. 8) and rotating the entire
case and tine assembly. Rotate case forward to slacken Бей
and back to tighten belt. With the clutch control lever in the
forward drive position, the distance between the inside of the
belt should be approximately % inch as shown in Fig. 9.
Tighten the clamp bolts securely after adjustment. Place depth
control in shallowest setting and start engine. With control
lever in neutral position, tines should not rotate. If tines rotate,
readjust to increase belt slack until tines do not drive in neutral.
Wi N
ral | Clamp
> Cap Screws
>— (0
Er ve
| /
FIGURE 8
Engine Pulley
£3
Tine Drive
a Pulley
O; A
ч
EH в
dl Е aa | O |
er Pulley O
i:
e
Tine Drive Belt
FIGURE 9
MAINTENANCE
WHEEL DRIVE BELT
The wheel drive belt, which is the inner belt, is adjusted by
moving the adjustment idler (Fig. 10). With the clutch control
lever in the neutral position, pull belt up on both sides of upper
idler. There should be approximately %4 inch between the
upper idler and the belt (Fig. 10). The adjustment idler should
be positioned to obtain this Ya inch. Moving idler up will in-
crease clearance and down will decrease clearance.
NOTE: The adjustment idler has four locations and is not slot
mounted. The machine screw must be removed from the
mounting frame when making this adjustment.
NOTE: Belt is correctly mounted when turned inside-out
(wide side of belt against wheel drive pulley).
CLUTCH CONTROL LEVER ADJUSTMENT
The clutch control lever is pre-set at the factory. Adjustments
can be made, however, should it become necessary due to
wear or loosened connecting hardware. Check the following
and adjust if necessary:
A. The stop collar should be tight and approximately 2%"
from the end of the tine drive link, Fig. 11. If collar has
loosened or is not set correctly, readjust to the 2%" dimen-
sion and retighten setscrew.
IMPORTANT: If it was necessary to adjust collar - check
“Tine Drive Belt” adjustment (in this section) and adjust if
required.
B. Move clutch control lever into "FORWARD" position.
Lightly pull back on the lever to remove play in linkage.
Lever should now be 4” from bottom of slot, Fig. 12. If
lever position is not correct remove spring clip from upper
trunnion, Fig. 11, and pull trunnion out of pivot.
To raise lever: turn trunnion clockwise - further onto
wheel drive link.
To lower lever: turn trunnion counterclockwise.
Reinsert trunnion into pivot and secure with spring clip.
Recheck 14” dimension as shown in Fig. 12.
Pull the clutch control lever into reverse. If the lever hits the
shroud and you do not have reverse, refer to Fig. 10. Move
the adjustment idler down one notch and repeat the
“Clutch Control Lever Adjustment”.
Upper Idler
Pull Belt Up
On Both Sides
1
=! 28 Em
Adjustment Idler
Machine
Screw Wheel Drive Pulley
FIGURE 10
Control Link
DJ
Pivot
Wheel Drive Link
~ > pper Trunnion
7
Spring Clip Ea AA e Tine Drive Link
Lower Trunnion
FIGURE 11
Ns ща
Clutch Control
Lever >>>
[TT 6
FIGURE 12
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICATION
The best assurance you have of getting the most dependable
service from your tiller is to keep the unit clean, free of rust, and
well lubricated. Check bolts often to be sure they are kept tight.
When the tiller is not being used, it should be stored in a dry
place out of the weather.
1.
10
Engine: Refer to engine operating instructions and re-
quirements for all engine lubrication.
Chain Cases: Both the wheel drive and the tine drive
cases are amply filled with lubricant and should not require
additional lubrication. If a leak develops, add lead base
(EP) SAE 140 heavy duty oil as required to bring to proper
oil level. Check oil level every 25 hours.
The following procedure should be followed to check lubri-
cant level of cases. When checking cases, do not drain
excess lubricant out of the cases.
WHEEL DRIVE CASE
To check the oil level of the wheel drive case, place the
depth control lever down to the shallowest setting (Fig. 7).
Remove the inspection plug on the right side of the wheel
drive case (Fig. 13). Case has sufficient oil if oil is up to
bottom of inspection plug hole. NOTE: Block tiller in a
level position and remove the right wheel when checking
this level. Use a socket with extension to reach through
hole in counter weight to oil level and fill plug.
TINE DRIVE CASE
To check the lubrication level of the tine drive case:
A. Setdepth control at the deepest setting (Fig. 7).
B. Place tiller on a level surface so that the tines and the
wheels are setting on the ground.
C. Wipe dirt away from oil level plug and remove plug, Fig.
14 A. Oil should be up to the bottom of hole.
D. Ifoilisn’t up to bottom of hole, wipe dirt away from oil fill
plug and remove, Fig. 14B. Fill slowly with lead base
(EP) SAE 140 heavy duty oil until proper level is reach-
ed. Replace oil level plug and oil fill plug. Wipe off
excess oil.
To add lubricant to either chain case it is necessary to tip
tiller on its left side to expose level plugs of each case. Add
sufficient lead base (EP) SAE 140 heavy duty oil to bring to
proper oil level.
& Fill Plug
FIGURE 13
PE
Oil Level Plug
FIGURE 14A
FIGURE 14B
MAINTENANCE
3. The following points should be lubricated with engine oil
every eight hours (see Fig. 15). Before oiling attempt to
clean off area to be lubricated.
Control Link
Pivot | Qil Here
IMPORTANT: Apply oil and grease carefully and only
where required. Oil or grease on drive belts or pulleys will
cause slippage and loss of drive. Wipe up all spills or
excess oil and grease completely.
A. The control rod swivels (trunnions).
Clutch control lever pivot.
B.
C. Tine drive bellcrank pivot. CA L
D. Tine drive link (Fig. 15). \ a PET
\ ine Drive Lin
E. General - Apply oil to all pivot points and linkages to N С
reduce wear and assure free movement. Be sure link- by
ages are clean before applying oil. |
Trunnion
Oil Here
FIGURE 15
| TS
Y
Wheel Drive Link I 7
—Wheel Drive Case Pulley
>
7 =
Upper Idler A Po в Вгаске!
7 MI a
| ; =a y Vd N Tine Drive Belt
Tine Drive Case Pulley
Beit Guide Pin
Tine Drive Idler Pulley
Retaining Ring
Idler Arm Assembly Belt Guide
FIGURE 16 11
MAINTENANCE
BELT REPLACEMENT
The belts on this tiller were specifically designed and engi-
neered to provide long, trouble-free service. If belt replace-
ment is required, order belt from your TORO dealer, to be sure
you have a belt that will provide the life and service required.
TINE DRIVE BELT
1. Place the clutch lever in the neutral position.
2. Remove the belt guard.
3. Remove the belt guide (Fig. 16).
4. Slip the belt off the tine drive case pulley.
5. Remove belt from the engine pulley and slip out between
engine pulley and idler arm.
6. To replace belt, reverse above procedure. Be sure belt is
on top of tine drive idler pulley and the belt guide pin near
the tine drive case pulley (Fig. 16).
7. Readjust belt as outlined under BELT ADJUSTMENTS -
“Tine Drive Belt”.
8. Replace the belt guard.
WHEEL DRIVE BELT
1. Remove the tine drive belt per instructions above.
2. Unhook spring from bracket and wheel drive link, Fig. 16.
3. Remove the retaining ring in the idler arm shaft.
4. Remove the belt from the wheel drive case pulley.
5. Slide idler arm assembly out only until the spacer can slide
out between the lower idler and idler arm, and wheel drive
link can be pulled out of upper idler.
6. Remove belt and replace with new belt by reversing the
above procedure. Be sure belt is turned inside out (wide
side against wheel drive case pulley). See Fig. 10 and Fig.
16 for belt routing.
7. Readjust belt as outlined under BELT ADJUSTMENTS -
“Wheel Drive Belt”.
8. Replace the belt guard.
12
STORAGE
For short term storage, clean the tiller off and store in a dry
place.
If tiller is not to be used for an extended period of time, service
tiller completely and store it in a dry place.
1. Refer to the engine instructions for engine storage instruc-
tions.
2. Drain gasoline from fuel tank.
3. Run engine until it stops.
4. Cover exposed metal surfaces with a thin coat of engine
oil.
5. Lubricate per instructions in LUBRICATION section.
6. Before using the tiller again, check all lubrication points, fil
fuel tank, and review safety and operating instructions in
this operator's manual.
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
BEFORE STARTING
Spark Plug Holding Tab | | es |
For Spark Use a high quality detergent oil classified "For Service SF, SE,
SD or SC.” Detergent oils keep the engine cleaner and retard
— — : Plug Wire
e ME 4 the formation of gum and varnish deposits. Nothing should be
added to the recommended oil.
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
5W-20. 5W-30
"F20 0 20 40 60 80 100
°C-30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
* If not available, a synthetic oil may be used having 5W-20,
5W-30 or 5W-40 viscosity.
TO FILL CRANKCASE WITH OIL
Place engine level. Clean area around oil fill before removing
oil fill plug.
OiL FILL PLUG Remove oil fill plug. Fill crankcase to point of
overflowing. POUR SLOWLY. Capacity approximately 1Ya
pints (0.59 liters). Replace oil fill plug.
Model, Type And Code
Number On Blower Housing
LEVEL
=
OIL FILLER PLUG
Carburetor
FILL FUEL TANK
Fuel Tank Use clean, fresh, “regulargrade leaded, low-lead or lead-free”
gasoline. DO NOT MIX OIL WITH GASOLINE.
NOTE: The use of “lead-free” gasoline produces fewer com-
Cover Oil Level 8 | bustion deposits, but may shorten valve life if carburetor ad-
Oil Plug justment is too lean.
13
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
STARTING
Start, store and fuel engine in a level position.
CHOKE ENGINE - Pull choke out as illustrated.
PULL OUT TO CHOKE
=
ms
i
CAUTION: DO NOT operate engine with lever in partial
choke position. Excessive speeds may occur.
\
NOTE: A warm engine requires less choking than a cold
engine. |
NOTE: Engine may not start if controls on powered equip-
ment do not close choke fully. See ADJUSTMENT section.
THROTTLE CONTROL: Pull throttle control all the way out.
THROTTLE CONTROL
PUSH IN FOR SLOW AND
STOP PULL OUT FOR
FAST AND STARTING
TO START ENGINE
DANGER: ALWAYS KEEP HANDS AND FEET
CLEAR OF ROTATING MACHINERY.
Rewind Starter. Grasp starter handle as illustrated and pull
out cord rapidly to overcome compression and prevent kick-
back. Repeat if necessary with choke opened slightly. When
engine starts, open choke gradually.
14
TO STOP ENGINE
Move throttle control to “STOP” position (push all the way in).
MAINTENANCE
WARNING: TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL START-
ING when servicing the engine or equipment, always
remove the spark plug or wire from the spark plug
and insert in v-notch.
V-Noteh
о >
Ш |
CHECK OIL LEVEL regularly - after each five hours of opera-
tion. BE SURE OIL LEVEL IS MAINTAINED.
OO — “> rk Plug
CHANGE OIL after first five hours of operation. Thereafter
change every 25 hours of operation. Drain oil while engine is
warm, as follows:
1. Clean area around oil fill plug.
2. Drain gasoline from fuel tank.
3. Carefully tip tiller forward until it is resting on the counter
weights,
4. Place oil pan directly under opening; remove oil plug and
allow oil to drain completely.
5. Lower tiller to level position and refill with new oil of proper
grade (see oil chart in BEFORE STARTING section).
6. Wipe up any spilled or excess oil and replace oil fill plug.
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
5
OIL FILLER PLUG
Assemble Element _—
So Lip Extends
Over Edge Of Air
Cleaner Body
Lip Will Form Protective Seal
When Cover Is ‘Assembled '
| =
== === нк ET | a ет = ES =
Tip Tiller
Forward To
Drain Oil
OIL FOAM AIR CLEANER _
CLEAN COOLING SYSTEM - Grass, chaff or dirt may clog
the rotating screen and the air cooling system, especially after
prolonged service. Yearly or every 100 hours, whichever
occurs first, remove the blower housing and clean the areas
shown to avoid overspeeding, overheating and engine dam-
age. Clean more often if necessary.
TO SERVICE AIR CLEANER
“Oil Foam” Air Cleaner
Clean and re-oil foam element at three month intervals or
every 25 hours, whichever occurs first.
NOTE: Service air cleaner more often under dusty condi-
tions.
1. Remove screw.
9 Remove air cleaner carefully to prevent dirt from entering
carburetor.
3. Take air cleaner apart and clean.
a. WASH foam element in kerosene or liquid detergent
and water to remove dirt.
b. Wrap foam in cloth and squeeze dry.
c. Saturate foam with engine oil. Squeeze to remove
excess oil.
4. Reassemble parts and fasten to carburetor securely with
screw.
SSI NN
e dute DA
Clean Out
Chaff And Dirt
В a BA } |
DANGER: Periodically clean muffler area to remove all
grass, dirt and combustible debris.
SPARK PLUG - Clean and reset gap at .030" every 100 hours
of operation.
CAUTION: “Do not blast clean spark plug. Spark plug should
be cleaned by scraping or wire brushing and washing with a
commercial solvent.
Sparking can occur if wire terminal does not fit firmly on spark
plug, or if stop switch vibrates against spark plug. Reform
terminal or repair switch if necessary.
REMOVE COMBUSTION DEPOSITS every 100-300 hours of
operation. Remove cylinder head and cylinder head shield.
Scrape and wire brush the combustion deposits from cylinder,
cylinder head, top of piston and around valves. Use a soft
brush to remove deposits. Re-assemble gasket, cylinder head
and cylinder head shield. Turn screws down finger tight with
the three longer screws around the exhaust valve, if so equip-
ped. Torque cylinder head screws in a staggered sequence to
140 inch pounds (15.82 Nm).
SPARK ARRESTER EQUIPPED MUFFLER - If engine muf-
fler is equipped with spark arrester screen assembly, remove
every 50 hours for cleaning and inspection. Replace if dam-
aged.
CLEAN ENGINE - Remove dirt and debris with a cloth or
brush. Cleaning with a forceful spray of water is not recom-
mended as water could contaminate the fuel system. 15
ENGINE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
ADJUSTMENTS
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENTS
Minor carburetor adjustment may be required to compensate
for differences in fuel, temperature, altitude or load.
NOTE: The air cleaner must be assembled to carburetor
when running engine.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR — Gently turn needle valve
clockwise until it just closes. Valve may be damaged by turn-
ing it in too far.
Next, open the needle valve 12 turns counterclockwise. This
initial adjustment will permit the engine to be started and
warmed up (approximately 5 minutes) prior to final adjust-
ment.
Idle Speed
Adjusting Screw
IZ
= + ML + ==
FINAL ADJUSTMENT
Place speed control lever in “FAST” position. Turn needle
valve in until engine slows (clockwise - lean mixture). Then
turn it out past smooth operating point until engine runs un-
evenly (rich mixture). Now turn needle valve to the midpoint
between rich and lean so the engine runs smoothly. Next,
adjust idle RPM. Rotate throttie counterclockwise and hold
against stop. Adjust idle speed adjusting screw to obtain 1750
RPM. Release throttle - engine should accelerate without
hesitation or sputtering. If engine does not accelerate pro-
perly, the carburetor should be re-adjusted, usually to a slight-
ly richer mixture.
CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS
Proper choke and speed control operation is dependent upon
proper adjustment of speed controls on the powered equip-
ment.
SPEED CONTROL ADJUSTMENT
The acceptable operating speed range is 1800 to 3600 RPM.
Idle speed is 1750 RPM. DO NOT EXCEED 3600 RPM.
SPEED CONTROL
Controls on powered equipment should move governor speed
control lever in direction illustrated to increase speed. Casing
from speed controls may be connected to engine at points
indicated. Wire travel is shown by arrows.
SPEED
CONTROL
GENERAL INFORMATION
These engines are single-cylinder L-head, air-cooled type.
MODEL SERIES 130200 to 131299
2 A 2-9/16" (65.09 mm)
Stroke .......... лев ввввеевеное 2-7/16" (61.91 mm)
Displacement ..................... 12.57 cu. in. (206.0 cc)
Horsepower ...................... 5.0 Max. @ 3600 RPM
Torque (Ft:LOs.) —-2:- 5 7.66 Max. @ 3000 RPM
The horsepower ratings listed are established in accordance
with the Society of Automotive Engineers Test Code - J607.
For practical operation, the horsepower should not exceed
85% of this rating. Engine power will decrease 372% for each
1,000 feet (304.8 m) above sea level and 1% for each 10°
above 60°F (16° C).
In some areas, local law requires the use of a resistor spark
plug so as to suppress ignition signals. If an engine was
originally equipped with a resistor spark plug, be sure to use
the same type of spark plug for replacement.
TUNE-UP SPECIFICATIONS
Robert
Spark Plug Type Champion Autolite Bosch
Short Plug CJ-8 235 WS9E
Long Plug J-8 295 --
Resistor Short Plug RCJ-8 245 WSR9E
Resistor Long Plug RJ-8 306 --
Spark Plug Gap .............—.._eeee.00v0n 030" (.76 mm)
Ignition Point Gap
(Model 130200 Series Only) ............. 020" (.51 mm)
Intake Valve Clearance ........ .005" - .007" (.13 -.18 mm)
Exhaust Valve Clearance ...... 009" -.011" (.23 - .28 mm)
STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS
Engines to be stored over 30 days should be completely
drained of fuel to prevent gum deposits forming on essential
carburetor parts, fuel filter and tank.
NOTE: The use of a fue! additive, such as STA-BIL, or an
equivalent, will minimize the formation of fuel gum deposits
during storage. Such an additive may be added to the gasoline
in the fuel tank of the engine, or to the gasoline in a storage
container.
a. All fuel should be removed from the tank. Run the engine
until it stops from lack of fuel. The small amount of fuel that
remains in the sump of the tank should be removed by
absorbing it with a clean, dry cloth.
b. While engine is still warm, drain oil from crankcase. Refill
with fresh oil.
Remove spark plug, pour approximately Y: ounce (15 cc)
of engine oil into cylinder and crank slowly to distribute oil.
Replace spark plug.
о
d. Clean dirt and chaff from cylinder, cylinder head fins,
blower housing, rotating screen and muffler areas.
e. Store in a clean and dry area.
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Engine does not start.
. Gas tank is empty.
. Choke not in FULL position.
. Spark plug loose.
. High tension wire loose or discon-
nected from spark plug.
. Spark plug gap is incorrect.
‚ Spark plug is detective.
. Faulty points or condenser.
. Fill fuel tank with gasoline: Refer to Fill
Fuel Tank, page 13.
. Move choke to FULL CHOKE position:
Refer to Starting And Stopping Instruc-
tions, page 14.
. Tighten spark plug to 15 ft.-lb. (20.4
Nm)
. Install high tension wire on spark plug.
. Set gap between electrodes at 0.030 of
an inch (0.76 mm).
. Install new, correctly gapped plug:
Refer to Tune-Up Specifications, page
16.
. Contact Authorized TORO Service
Dealer.
Engine starts hard or loses
power.
. Dirt, water, or stale fuel in gas tark.
. Vent hole in fuel tank cap is plugged.
. Air cleaner is dirty.
. Drain gas and clean fuel tank. Fill tank
with clean, fresh gasoline: Refer to Fill
Fuel Tank, page 13.
. Clean or replace fuel tank cap.
. Clean the air cleaner element: Refer
to To Service Air Cleaner, page 15.
Engine operates erratically.
. Spark plug is defective.
. Spark plug is gapped incorrectly.
. Air cleaner is dirty.
. Install new, correctly gapped plug:
Refer to Tune-Up Specifications, page
16.
. Set gap between electrodes at 0.030
of an inch (0.76 mm).
. Clean the air cleaner element: Refer
to To Service Air Cleaner, page 15.
17
—
co
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Engine idles poorly.
. Air cleaner is dirty.
Oil level in crankcase is low.
Air slots in engine shroud are
plugged.
Cooling fins and air passages under
engine blower housing are plugged.
Improper idle adjustment.
. Clean the air cleaner element: Refer
to To Service Air Cleaner, page 15.
. Add oil to crankcase: Refer to Fill
Crankcase With Oil, page 13.
. Remove obstruction from slots.
. Remove obstruction from cooling fins
and blower housing: Refer to Clean
Cooling System, page 15.
. Adjust carburetor properly, page 16.
Engine misfires at high speed.
. Air gap between electrodes of spark
plug is too close.
Carburetor adjusted incorrectly.
. Set air gap at 0.030 of an inch (0.76
mm).
. Adjust carburetor: Refer to Carburetor
Adjustments, page 16.
Engine overheats.
G
. Cooling air flow is restricted.
Oil level in crankcase is low.
incorrect spark piug.
. Remove any obstruction from slots in
shroud, blower housing, air passages
and cooling fins on engine.
. Add oil to crankcase: Refer to Fill
Crankcase With Oil, page 13.
3. Instali Champion RCJ8 spark plug that
is gapped at 0.030 of an inch.
Tiller vibrates abnormally.
. Tine section is loose.
. Secure tine section with clevis pin and
hair pin cotter.
2. Engine mounting bolts are loose. . Tighten engine mounting bolts.
3. Improper carburetor adjustment. . Adjust carburetor properly, page 16.
4. Air cleaner plugged. . Service air cleaner, page 15.
Tines do not rotate. 1. Beltis broken. . Contact Authorized TORO Service
Dealer for replacement belt.
2. Clutch control is adjusted incorrectly. . Refer to Clutch Control Lever Adjust-
ment, page 9.
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Date
Hours
Used
Oil
Change
Air Cleaner
Service
Lubrication
Inspect
Drive Beit
Winter
Storage
Spring
Service
Spark
Plug
19
IDENTIFICATION AND ORDERING
MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBERS
The tiller has two identification numbers: a model number and
a serial number. The two numbers are stamped on a decal
which is on the right side of the handle support bracket.
Record the model and serial numbers below and keep this
manual in a safe place for future reference.
Model No.
Serial No.
In any correspondence concerning the tiller, supply the model
and serial numbers to assure that correct information and
replacement parts are obtained.
To order replacement parts from an Authorized TORO Service
Dealer, supply the following information:
1. Model and serial numbers of the tiller.
2. Part number, description, and quantity of part(s) desired.
NOTE: Do not order by reference number if a parts catalog is
being used; use the PART NUMBER.
ZU: ANNE IDEEN! == se
Residential Product
or TORO Distributor.
Should you feel your TORO Product 1s defective and wish to
rely on The Toro Promise, the following procedure is
recommended -
1, Contact any Authorized TORO Service Dealer, TORO
Master Service Dealer, or TORO Distributor (the Yellow
Pages of your telephone directory is a good reference
source)
2 He will either instruct you to return the product to him or
recommend another Authorized TORO Service outlet
which might be more convenient,
3 Bring the product along with your original sales ship, or
other evidence of purchase date, to the serv:ce dealer,
NVQ NV RPARPAAP RU VPERO-R RR ОД
4 The servicing dealer will inspect the unit, advise you
whether the product is defective and, if so, make all
reparrs necessary to correct the defect without extra
charge to you.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the dealer's
= analysis of the defect or the service performed, you may
= contact us.
= Write.
= TORO Consumer Service Department
= 8111 Lyndale Avenue South
— Minneapolis, Minnesota 55420
= The above remedy of product defects through repair by an
== Authorized TORO Service Dealer is the purchaser's sole
-
= remedy for any defect
= THERE IS NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY. ALL
Es IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
Ww.
Residential Products Used Commercially
Che Corn Promise
A ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
The Toro Company promises to repair any TORO Product if defective in materials
or workmanship. The following time periods from the date of purchase apply:
1 Year
45 Days
The costs of parts and labor are included, but the customer pays the transportation
costs. Just return any residential product to an Authorized TORO Service Dealer
FITNESS FOR USE ARE LIMITED TO THE DURATION
OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTY.
Some states do not allow hmitations on how long an implied
warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you.
This warranty applies only to parts or components which are
defective and does not cover repairs necessary due to normal
wear, misuse, accidents, or lack of proper maintenance.
Regular, routine maintenance of the unit to keep it in proper
operating condition 15 the responsibility of the owner,
All warranty repairs reimbursable under The Toro Promise
must be performed by an Authorized TORO Service Dealer
using Toro approved replacement parts.
Repairs or attemped repairs by anyone other than an
Authorized TORO Service Account are not reimbursable
under The Toro Promise. In addition, these unauthorized
repair attempts may result in additional malfunctions, the
correction of which is not covered by warranty.
THE TORO COMPANY IS NOT LIABLE FOR INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CON-
NECTION WITH THE USE OF THE PRODUCT INCLUDING
ANY COST OR EXPENSE OF PROVIDING SUBSTITUTE
EQUIPMENT OR SERVICE DURING PERIODS OF MAL.
FUNCTION OR NON-USE.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation
or exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
NOOO AN
ENANA ANDANDO NIN Aan enn
Litho in U.S.A. 7-82
Part No. 218723
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