Toro Generator, T3000 User manual

Toro Generator, T3000 User manual
FORM NO, 3312-173
MANUAL
OPERATOR'S |
MODEL NO. 62030-3000001 : UP
T3000 GENERATOR J
COPYRIGHT © ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
The Toro Company — 1983
MINNEAPOLIS, MN 55420 — U.S.A.
FOREWORD
The TORO O generator T3000 uses a forc-
ed air-cooled, 4-cycle engine with side
valves. This features quiet operation, excel-
ent durability and stable performance.
se revolving field type self-exciting
nerator produces an AC voltage which
is controlled at a constant level by an
A.V.R. (automatic voltage regulator).
This manual provides the technical
information required for the operating
handling and routine care of the TORO
Generator T3000.
We hope that you will use the generator
in the correct manner, according to the
instructions given in this manual and you
will keep the machine at top performance
for many years.
The Toro Company
Publications Department
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Please read this manual and follow its
instructions carefully.
To emphasize special information the
words WARNING, IMPORTANT and
NOTE carry special meanings and should
be carefully reviewed.
WARNING:
The personal safety of the operator
may be involved. Disregarding this
information could result in injury to
the operator.
IMPORTANT:
These instructions point out special
service procedures or precautions that
must be followed to avoid damaging
the machine.
NOTE:
Special information to make mainte-
nance easier or important instructions
more clear.
All information,illustrations and specifi-
cations contained in this manual are
based on the latest product information
available at the time of publication. Due
to improvements or other changes, there
may be some discrepancies in this manual.
TORO reserves the right to make changes
at any time.
Copyright © All Rights Reserved The
Toro Company — 1983
Minneapolis, Mn 556420—U.S.A.
CONTENTS
LOCATION OF PARTS .........
PRECAUTIONS >. 00000004 #0 een
PRE-OPERATION CHECK ......
OPERATION . a я то
ВАМСЕ ОЕ APPLICATI ONS .....
APPLICATIONS .............
HOW TO CONNECT POWER
COFRES aaa 00 een ec mem
FREQUENCY ADJUSTMENT ....
DAILY INSPECTION ..........
PERIODIC INSPECTION ........
LONG-TERM STORAGE ....
TROUBLESHOOTING .........
SPECIFICATIONS ............
WIRING DIAGRAM ...........
o
operating this generator.
O This generator is intended to be ı
assembled, serviced, and inspect- |
ed by your authorized o ale. $ ;
Generator Dealer prior to sale.
You should depend on him to
perform these very =
a RER
o Read owners manual before
operations, as failure to do so
could result, in damage to the
generator and injury to the
operator.
CISNE
LOCATION OF PARTS
000 >
ж = < С-З ОЕ гл = хо)
Oil level alarm lamp
Engine switch
Muffler
Volt meter
DC terminal
DC fuse
Tank cap
AC receptacle
Fuel gauge
Circuit breaker
Fuelcock lever
Frequency adjusting screw
Starter grip
Recoil starter
Air cleaner
Qil filler cap
Qil drain plug
Spark plug
Choke lever
Transistor control unit
Generator
Ground terminal
Tool kit
DC fuse (spare)
PRECAUTIONS
WARNINGS:
(1) To avoid fire, never use the generator
near spark, flame or other heat source.
(2) To prevent fire, keep the generator at
least 3ft. (1 m) from any combustible
materials.
Im + [a - bm
(3) To prevent electrical shock, do not
touch with wet hands.
(4) When filling with gasoline, always stop
the engine to avoid fire. Do not
overfill. If gasoline overflows, wipe off
before operation.
(5) Exhaust gas contains components
harmful to people and animals. Avoid
breathing exhaust gases and never use
the generator indoors or in tunnels.
(6) Keep the generator upright at all
times to prevent spillage of gasoline
and oil which may result in fire.
IMPORTANT:
(1) To avoid overheating, do not cover
during operation.
(2) Do not use both AC and DC simul-
taneously. Doing so will damage the
generator.
(3) Never connect the generator to a wall
socket. Doing so may damage the
generator and connected electric appli-
ance, injure the operator or result in
fire.
(4) Never use the generator in rain, snow
or near water. Doing so will damage
the generator or connected electric
appliance and could cause electrical
shock.
® Do not wash
water,
Doing so will damage the generator.
the generator with
(6) Never operate the generator on unsta-
ble or uneven ground. Doing so may
cause fuel spillage and cause the
generator to fall down or shift.
@ To prevent engine damage, make sure
to check the engine oil level prior to
operation.
(8) To prevent injury, do not operate the
generator with covers, etc. detached.
@ If the generator should encounter
troubles, immediately stop the genera-
tor. You should consult your TORO
dealer immediately.
Ce
„LEE
ВР РВ
10 Do not adjust frequency adjustment
screw. Preset at the factory. Special
meters are required for proper adjust
ment. Improper adjustment could
result in damage to the generator or
connected electrical appliances.
PRE-OPERATION CHECK
IMPORTANT:
* This generator has been shipped
from the factory without oil.
Therefore, be certain to fill the
generator with oil according to the
following instructions before use.
Make sure to check oil level and
add oil as necessary before use
everyday.
When the engine oil level comes
down to below the lower level
line, the alarm lamp turns on and
the engine stops automatically. Add
the engine oil up to the specified
line and start the engine again.
1. Filling engine oil
Oil capacity
T3000 2.11 pt. (1.0L)
IMPORTANT:
Oil replacement; First 20hr
Every 100hr
2. Check the engine oil level.
Remove the dipstick, wipe clean,
insert but do NOT screw in. Pull
dipstick out and read the level.
Lower limit
Upper limit
= Oil level
alarm
= aus T1 6 lamp
3. Engine oil replacement
Draining the engine oil
While the engine is still warm, remove
the oil filler cap (A and remove the
drain plug O).
Refilling with engine oil
Firmly tighten the drain plug (B and
add the engine oil through the filler up
to the upper limit line on the dipstick.
IMPORTANT:
Check the oil level with the generator
on level ground.
Oil viscosity:
(Multi-grade)
SAE =
| 10w-30, 10W—40 |
| 5W—20, 5W-30 |
lien
+
-30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 BO
Temperature
81
À
(Single grade)
10W |
-10-20-10 0 19 20 30 40 50 60 70 BD 90 °F
Temperature
4. Filling gasoline
Tank capacity
T3000 2.91 gal (11 L)
5. Check the fuel level
IMPORTANT:
Check the fuel level with the generator
on level ground. Be sure to check the
fuel level before refueling. If the level
is low, add gasoline.
U: upper line
L: Lower line
WARNING:
900
o
o When filling gasoline, take care so
© Do not fill fuel tank near spark,
O Do not fill the fuel tank more than
Gasoline is very dangerous!
Use unleaded or regular gasoline.
Minors should not refill the fuel
tank.
Refuel in a well-ventilated area with
the engine stopped.
that no dust or water enters the
tank.
flame or other heat source.
the red line in the fuel inlet. Over
filling will cause spillage and
potential fire hazard.
6. Replacing the fuse
To remove a fuse, turn the fuse holder
counterclockwise using the screwdriver
supplied with the generator.
Use only the recommended fuse:
DC 20A
IMPORTANT:
Never use any fuse other than specifi-
ed. Before replacing the blown fuse,
check the reason for it having blown.
If the fuse is replaced without the
reason, having been found, it may
soon blow again.
DE 12Y 172.54
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
4. Turn the engine switch “ON”.
1. Check the oil and fuel levels.
ENG S
5. Push the choke lever down.
6. Pull the starter rope.
3. Turn the fuelcock lever “ON”.
7. Lift the choke lever upward.
IMPORTANT:
Do not operate the generator more
than 30 minutes at maximum output.
Stopping the Engine
1. Turn off any connected electric
appliance.
3. Turn the fuelcock lever “OFF”'.
Г ® |
- =" =, 0FF
©
Lo.
4. Turn the engine switch “OFF”.
ENG SW
©
OFF ON
— 10 —
RANGE OF APPLICATIONS
Appliance
Scope of
application
When malfunctions or more
current is required than the
T3000
capacity of the generator.
AC
60Hz
120V 60Hz
2.9KVA
a! | UN "E UN "RS ar a ЙЕ ЩЕ
Up to 750W
Circuit breaker will auto-
matically be turned off.
ES ES AL, E EA ÉL LA E. A am a ai
Those electric appliance in-
corporating a motor require
usually a power three times
the minimum rated input.
Hence, those appliance
whose wattage is within the
ranges listed on the left
can be connected to the
generator. However, there
are instances where some
product can not be operated,
depending upon the type of
motor windings.
Up to
12.5A (12V)
DC fuse will burn out when
more current is required
than the capacity of the
generator.
IMPORTANT:
Never use this generator
for charging batteries
with a capacity of less
than 12V-26 AH.
= 1] =
APPLICATIONS
The TORO generator has a wide range
of applications. The following examples
are but a few of them.
(4) Power source for washing machine.
IMPORTANT:
The power requirement of various
electrical equipment varies. Check the
rating before use.
(1) Power source for chain saws.
FR LA
+ |
ge
E !
= ТО
(8) Illumination for mobile sales.
IMPORTANT:
Before starting operation, read the
labels and tags attached to the genera-
tor carefully and thoroughly.
(D Power source for heater for live-
stock.
— 13 —
IMPORTANT:
Before you start operating electric
appliance, be sure to check specifi-
cations as posted in the label affixed
on the equipment. Make sure that
specifications of the electric appliance
match with those of the generator.
Model T3000
Rated voltage (V) 120
AC Rated frequency (Hz) 60
Rated current (A) 24.2
Rated output (KVA) 2.9
DC | Rated output 12V, 12.5A
HOW TO CONNECT POWER
CORDS
А.С. Applications
TOTAL
Model Voltage & Hz WATTAGE
(T3000)
120V 60Hz 2.5KVA
IMPORTANT: I
O Never connect the generator to a
wall socket. This could cause an
overload and seriously damage the
generator.
O Generator must be grounded when
the connected electrical appliance is
grounded.
Exclusively for
battery charge
12V, 12.5A
— 14 —
IMPORTANT:
© Use the D.C. terminals for charging
12V automotive type batteries only.
© Never use this generator for charging
batteries with a capacity of less
than 12V-26 AH.
o Before connecting the generator to
the battery, make sure all wires are
disconnected from the battery.
© Don’t insert the plug of any other
electric appliance to this D.C. plug
socket.
o Don't use both A.C. and D.C.
simultaneously.
о When the appliance is grounded, it
is advisable to ground the generator
as well.
o When using generator to charge
battery, connect red lead to positive
(+) battery terminal and black lead
to negative (—) battery terminal.
Failure to do so may cause genera-
tor damage.
To charge battery:
(1) Turn off generator.
(2) Connect battery to generator.
(3) Start generator.
After battery is charged:
(1) Turn off generator before disconnect-
ing battery.
(2) Disconnect battery by removing leads
from battery first.
WARNING:
Charge battery in a well-ventilated area
because gases are produced while
battery is being charged. Do not
inhale the gases because nausea may
result. Also, the gases are explosive,
Therefore, do not charge battery
near open flame or electrical spark,
and do not smoke in the area of the
battery when it is being charged. And
most importantly, turn off the genera-
tor before connecting or disconnecting
the generator from the battery.
BRUSH REPLACEMENT
Remove two screws and pull out the brush
holder. If their length (À are 3.5 mm or
less, replace with new brushes.
FREQUENCY ADJUSTMENT
This GENERATOR has been adjusted for
frequency.
Use tachometer for correct frequency.
— 15 —
DAILY INSPECTION DOCH
Prior to starting daily operations, be sure (5) Fuel strainer
to check the generator for proper func-
tions and evidence of damage, etc., as
follows. @
5)
WARNING: FZ
NEVER start the engine without
performing these checks.
(1) Starter rope
D
(6) Receptacle
(7) Fuel leakage
(8) High tension cord damage
(9) Fuse holder damage
(3)
— 16 —
(0 Switch (3 Abnormal noises and vibrations
A) Choke lever
PERIODIC INSPECTION
Interval Initial Every Every 00 =
Mani 20Hrs. 50Hrs. 100Hrs. One year
1 | Engine oil replacement *O Ne
2 | Clean the spark plug O
3 | Clean the spark arrester O
4 | Clean the air cleaner element gad
5 | Clean the fuel strainer O
6 | Check tightness of bolts and nuts O
7 | Combustion chamber cleaning TR
8 | Tappet clearance adjustment =D
9 | Valve maintenance =D
IMPORTANT:
* Check oil level and add oil as necessary every day.
*# When used in dusty areas, the air cleaner should be serviced more frequently.
*#% For these check-ups, ask your TORO dealer. Don’t make these check-ups by yourself.
—17—
1. Engine oil replacement (4) Adjust the spark plug gap.
See page 7.
2. Clean the spark plug
A dirty, oily or sooty spark plug will
adversely affect engine performance.
Clean it periodically.
(1) Remove the spark plug.
0.028 — 0.031 in.
(0.7 — 0.8 mm)
3. Clean the spark arrester
The exhaust system muffler assembly
contains a spark arrester that must be
cleaned periodically to remove
accumulated carbon particles.
(2) Check for carbon deposits or discc- WARNING:
loration (burning.) Be sure that the muffler cover and the
muffler assembly are not hot when
you begin to perform the clean out
operation.
NGK BP-BHS
(3) Remove the carbon.
© Muffler
(2) Clean out tube
(3) Clean out tube set screw
(4) Clean out bolts
Clean Out Procedure
(1) Remove the clean out tube set screw
and pull the clean out tube out of the
muffler with a pair of pliers.
(2) Remove the two spark arrester clean
out bolts.
@ In a well-ventilated area free from
grass or combustible materials start
the engine. With the engine running,
tap the muffler on its side with a small
tool such as a small hammer handle to
— 18 —
dislodge the accumulated carbon par- (3) Squeeze the element dry.
ticles. Remove any carbon particles
from the end of the two clean out
holes. Likewise, decarbonize the clean
out tube, which is pulled out from the
muffler, by tapping its side with a
— small-size hammer.
(4) Stop the engine.
(5) After being sure that the muffler
assembly is cool to touch, reinstall the
clean out tube, the clean out tube set
screw, and the two clean out bolts.
4. Clean the air cleaner element (4) Oil the element with engine oil.
A dirty or clogged air cleaner will
result in engine power loss. Clean it
periodically.
(1) Remove the air cleaner element.
(5) Squeeze excess oil from the ele-
ment. Install the element carefully.
(2) Wash the element in nonflammable
cleaning solvent.
IMPORTANT:
© When used in dusty area, the air
cleaner should be serviced more
frequently.
o When installing the element, make
sure that the element seals all of
the way around its edge.
— 19 —
LONG-TERM STORAGE
5. Clean the fuel strainer
(1) Remove the fuel strainer. 1. Gently pull the recoil starter, until you
start feeling drag. Then, stop pulling
Г aon of the recoil starter.
| This is done so that the valve comes to
a closed position.
WARNING:
Before removing the fuel strainer
cup, make certain that the fuel cock
lever is in the “OFF” position and
the engine is not hot.
2. Drain all gasoline from the fuel tank
and carburetor,
(2) Wash the fuel strainer parts in Follow all gasoline handling warning.
nonflammable cleaning solvent.
6. Check tightness of bolts and nuts
Don't adjust frequency screw.
— 20 —
3. Drain the existing engine oil and refill
with new oil.
4. Remove the spark plug and pour 1 or
2 tablespoons of engine oil into spark
plug hole. Reinstall the spark plug.
6. Clean air cleaner element.
See page 19.
7. Clean the fuel strainer.
Wash the fuel strainer parts in non-
flammable cleaning solvent.
8. Thoroughly wipe off dust or dirt
from the top of the generator body.
9. Cover the generator body with a
cardboard box or a vinyl cover, etc.
10. As a storage site, select a place free
from dust, with low humidity.
— 21 —
TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptoms and possibles causes
Symptoms
Output voltage or
other reading
Possible causes
No output voltage
output are dead
Pilot lamp light but ov Contact failure in outlet
AC output is dead Disconnection in main coil
= (red lead)
В Contact failure in circuit breaker
o Pilot lamp does not 3~6V (AC) Disconnection in rotor coil
= light and AC output Contact failure or wear of brushes
is dead Disconnection in auxiliary coil
AVR malfunction
Disconnection in main coil
= AC output is alive but ov Diodes defective
| DC output is not (about 6V) Lead disconnected
3| (pilot lamp is off) One of diodes defective
= Both AC and DC ov Disconnection in stator coil
Wrong output voltage or load
AC output
Pilot lamp blows or is
too bright
Lamp (load) is too
bright or blows
Lamp (load) is dark or
motor (load) runs
slowly
130V (AC) or more
80V or less
AVR malfunction
Stator coil (or auxiliary coil)
shorted
Rated output is not
attainable
Engine speed is fixed
(frequency is fixed)
AVR capacitor (200uF) defective
or contact failure of connector
Engine speed varies
(Frequency falls)
Engine malfunction
Governor defective
Lowered output
Fuse blows or circuit
breaker goes out
Output voltage is
proper (frequency is
fixed)
Excessive load
— 22 —
SPECIFICATIONS
ITEM T3000
Rated voltage (V) 120
Frequency (Hz) 60
; Rated current (A) 24.2
m= AC
$ Rated output (KVA) 2.9
© Maximum output (KV A) 3.1
Rated revolution (rpm) 3600
DC | Rated output 12V, 12.5A
Type Forced air-cooled, 4-cycle, gasoline
Piston displacement [cu. in. (em*)] 17.1 (281)
Bore x Stroke [in. (mm)] 2.99 x 2.44 (76 x 62)
2 Continuous output [hp (kw)@ rpm] 5.6 (4.2) @ 3600
| Ignition system Transistorized ignition
“1 Start] ng system Recoil starter
Fuel used Unleaded gasoline or regular gasoline
Oil capacity [pt. (ml)] 2.11 (1000)
Fuel tank capacity [gal. (L)] 2.91 (11)
Dry weight [Ibs (kg)] 121.3 (55.0)
Dimension (L x W x H), [in. (mm)] 22.6 x 15.2 x 21.3 (575 x 385 x 540)
a! AC circuit breaker (A) 25
| DC (A) 20
Standard spark plug NGK BP-5HS
* Specifications are subject to change without notice.
WIRING DIAGRAM
GENERATOR
Part Name:
1. Terminals
2. 4P coupler
3. Field coil
4. Sub coil
5. Main coil
6. Diode
7. Condenser
8. Brushes
9. AVR (Automatic voltage regulator)
10. Volt meter
11. Output
12. AC switch (Мо fuse breaker)
13. DC terminal
14. Engine switch
15. 6P coupler
16. Fuse
17. Transistor control unit
18. Oil level alarm light
19. Oil level alarm unit
20. Oil level sensor
CONTROL PANEL
(E
ENGINE
Wir color
B : Black
G : Green
R : Red
W White
Y : Yellow
Lg : Light green
Br : Brown
Bl : Blue
R/W : Red with white tracer
B/W : Black with white tracer
cA
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