Toro 13-32G Rear Engine Rider User manual

Toro 13-32G Rear Engine Rider User manual
Form No. 3327-640 Rev A
13-32G
Wheel Horse Rear Engine Rider
Model No. 70125—Serial No. 220000001 and Up
Operator’s Manual
International English (GB)
Important The engine in this product is not equipped
with a spark arrester muffler. In some areas it is a violation
of the law to use or operate this engine on any
forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land.
Checking the Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Greasing and Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Draining the Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Cutting Blade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leveling the Mower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing the Underside of the Mower . . . . . . . . .
Washing the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
ICES-002.
Ce système d’allumage par étincelle de véhicule est
conforme à la norme NMB-002 du Canada.
Contents
Page
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-on (riding) Rotary
Lawnmower Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Safe Operating Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Toro Riding Mower Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Sound Pressure Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Sound Power Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Vibration Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Slope Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Gasoline and Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Recommended Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Filling the Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Checking the Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Think Safety First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Positioning the Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Using the Blade Control (PTO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Setting the Height of Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Starting and Stopping the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
The Safety Interlock System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Driving Forward or Backward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Selecting Ground Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Stopping the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Emptying the Grass Collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Pushing the Machine by Hand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Installing the Recycler Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Tips for Mowing Grass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
Recommended Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . .
19
Servicing the Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Servicing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
Servicing the Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
Servicing the Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
2002 by The Toro Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
Page
25
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31
Introduction
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate and
maintain your product properly. The information in this
manual can help you and others avoid injury and product
damage. Although Toro designs and produces safe
products, you are responsible for operating the product
properly and safely.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model and
serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1 illustrates
the location of the model and serial numbers on the
product.
1
m–5975
Figure 1
1. Location of the model and serial numbers
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the USA
2
Training
Write the product model and serial numbers in the space
below:
• Read the instructions carefully. Be familiar with the
controls and the proper use of the equipment.
Model No.
• Never allow children or people unfamiliar with these
instructions to use the lawnmower. Local regulations
can restrict the age of the operator.
Serial No.
• Never mow while people, especially children, or pets
are nearby.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has special
safety messages that help you and others avoid personal
injury and even death. Danger, Warning, and Caution are
signal words used to identify the level of hazard. However,
regardless of the hazard, be extremely careful.
• Keep in mind that the operator or user is responsible for
accidents or hazards occurring to other people or their
property.
• Do not carry passengers.
Danger signals an extreme hazard that will cause serious
injury or death if you do not follow the recommended
precautions.
• All drivers should seek and obtain professional and
practical instruction. Such instruction should
emphasize:
Warning signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or
death if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
– the need for care and concentration when working
with ride-on machines;
Caution signals a hazard that may cause minor or moderate
injury if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
– control of a ride-on machine sliding on a slope will
not be regained by the application of the brake. The
main reasons for loss of control are:
This manual uses two other words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical
information and Note: emphasizes general information
worthy of special attention.
• insufficient wheel grip;
• being driven too fast;
• inadequate braking;
Safety
• the type of machine is unsuitable for its task;
• lack of awareness of the effect of ground
conditions, especially slopes;
Safe Operation Practices for
Ride-on (riding) Rotary
Lawnmower Machines
• incorrect hitching and load distribution.
Preparation
This machine meets or exceeds European Standards in
effect at the time of production. However, improper use
or maintenance by the operator or owner can result in
injury. To reduce the potential for injury, comply with
these safety instructions and always pay attention to the
safety alert
symbol, which means CAUTION,
WARNING, or DANGER—“personal safety
instruction.” Failure to comply with the instruction may
result in personal injury or death.
• While mowing, always wear substantial footwear and
long trousers. Do not operate the equipment when
barefoot or wearing open sandals.
• Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to
be used and remove all objects which may be thrown by
the machine.
• Warning—Fuel is highly flammable.
Safe Operating Practices
– Store fuel in containers specifically designed for this
purpose.
The following instructions are from the CEN standard EN
836:1997.
– Refuel outdoors only and do not smoke while
refuelling.
This product is capable of amputating hands and feet and
throwing objects. Always follow all safety instructions to
avoid serious injury or death.
– Add fuel before starting the engine. Never remove
the cap of the fuel tank or add fuel while the engine
is running or when the engine is hot.
3
• Stop the blades rotating before crossing surfaces other
than grass.
– If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine
but move the machine away from the area of
spillage and avoid creating any source of ignition
until fuel vapors have dissipated.
• When using any attachments, never direct discharge of
material toward bystanders nor allow anyone near the
machine while in operation.
– Replace all fuel tanks and container caps securely.
• Never operate the machine with damaged guards or
without safety protective devices in place.
• Replace faulty silencers.
• Before using, always visually inspect to see that the
blades, blade bolts and cutter assembly are not worn or
damaged. Replace worn or damaged blades and bolts in
sets to preserve balance.
• Do not change the engine governor settings or
overspeed the engine. Operating the engine at excessive
speed can increase the hazard of personal injury.
• Before leaving the operator’s position:
• On multi-bladed machines, take care as rotating one
blade can cause other blades to rotate.
– disengage the power take-off and lower the
attachments;
Operation
– change into neutral and set the parking brake;
• Do not operate the engine in a confined space where
dangerous carbon monoxide fumes can collect.
– stop the engine and remove the key.
• Disengage drive to attachments, stop the engine, and
disconnect the spark plug wire(s) or remove the ignition
key
• Mow only in daylight or in good artificial light.
• Before attempting to start the engine, disengage all
blade attachment clutches and shift into neutral.
– before clearing blockages or unclogging chute;
• Do not use on slopes of more than
– before checking, cleaning or working on the
lawnmower;
– 5 when mowing on side hills;
– after striking a foreign object. Inspect the
lawnmower for damage and make repairs before
restarting and operating the equipment;
– 10 when mowing uphill;
– 15 when mowing downhill.
• Remember there is no such thing as a safe slope. Travel
on grass slopes requires particular care. To guard
against overturning:
– if the machine starts to vibrate abnormally (check
immediately).
• Disengage drive to attachments when transporting or
not in use.
– do not stop or start suddenly when going up or
downhill;
• Stop the engine and disengage drive to attachment
– engage clutch slowly, always keep machine in gear,
especially when travelling downhill;
– before refuelling;
– before removing the grass catcher;
– machine speeds should be kept low on slopes and
during tight turns;
– before making height adjustment unless adjustment
can be made from the operator’s position.
– stay alert for humps and hollows and other hidden
hazards;
• Reduce the throttle setting during engine run-out and, if
the engine is provided with a shut-off valve, turn the
fuel off at the conclusion of mowing.
– never mow across the face of the slope, unless the
lawnmower is designed for this purpose.
• Use care when pulling loads or using heavy equipment.
Maintenance and Storage
– Use only approved drawbar hitch points.
• Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
– Limit loads to those you can safely control.
– Do not turn sharply. Use care when reversing.
• Never store the equipment with fuel in the tank inside a
building where fumes can reach an open flame or spark.
– Use counterweight(s) or wheel weights when
suggested in the instruction handbook.
• Allow the engine to cool before storing in any
enclosure.
• Watch out for traffic when crossing or near roadways.
4
• To reduce the fire hazard, keep the engine, silencer,
battery compartment and fuel storage area free of grass,
leaves, or excessive grease.
• Check the grass catcher frequently for wear or
deterioration.
• Replace worn or damaged parts for safety.
• If the fuel tank has to be drained, this should be done
outdoors.
• On multi-bladed machines, take care as rotating one
blade can cause other blades to rotate.
• When machine is to be parked, stored or left
unattended, lower the cutting means unless a positive
mechanical lock is used.
Toro Riding Mower Safety
The following list contains safety information specific to
Toro products or other safety information that you must
know that is not included in the CEN standard.
• Use only Toro-approved attachments. Warranty may be
voided if used with unapproved attachments.
Sound Pressure Level
This unit has a maximum sound pressure level at the
operator’s ear of 87 dBA, based on measurements of
identical machines per Directive 98/37/EC.
Sound Power Level
This unit has a guaranteed sound power level of 100 dBA,
based on measurements of identical machines per Directive
2000/14/EC.
Vibration Level
This unit does not exceed a hand/arm vibration level of
4.5 m/s2 based on measurements of identical machines per
Directive 98/37/EC.
This unit does not exceed a whole body vibration level of
0.25 m/s2 based on measurements of identical machines per
Directive 98/37/EC.
5
6
Slope Chart
7
8
Safety and Instruction Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area
of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
105-0531
105-0529
1. Disengage the cutting blade.
1. Warning—do not touch the hot surface.
105-0532
1. Engage the cutting blade
105-0535
1. Grass collector full
2. Operating in reverse
105-0530
1. Height of cut
106-2940
1. Warning—do not place you hands or feet under the mower.
106-1802
1. Warning—read the Operator’s Manual.
2. Cutting hazard of hand—remove the ignition key and read the
instructions before servicing or performing maintenance.
3. Thrown object hazard—keep bystanders a safe distance from
the machine.
4. Tipping hazard—do not drive up a slope greater than 10
degrees.
106-2942
1. Turn the key to mow in reverse.
9
Molded into the floor near the brake pedal
1. Brake
Molded into the floor near the parking brake lever
1. Parking brake
105-0538
1. Transmission speeds
2. Neutral
3. Reverse
106-2943
Molded into the body near the throttle control
lever
1. Thrown object and cutting hazards—do not operate the
machine with the discharge opening uncovered; always
operate the machine with the recycling cover, rear discharge
deflector, or grass collector installed.
1. Fast
2. Slow
3. Choke
Molded into the body near the ignition switch
1. Engine
99-2986
1. Crushing/dismemberment hazard of bystanders—do not turn
the key while children are present; keep children a safe
distance from the machine.
106-2859
1. Clutch
10
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner
Gasoline and Oil
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to provide
the following benefits:
Recommended Gasoline
• Keeps gasoline fresh during storage of 90 days or less.
For longer storage, drain the fuel tank.
Use UNLEADED Regular Gasoline suitable for automotive
use (85 pump octane minimum). Leaded regular gasoline
may be used if unleaded regular is not available.
• Cleans the engine while it runs
Important Never use methanol, gasoline containing
methanol, or gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol
because the fuel system could be damaged. Do not mix oil
with gasoline.
• Eliminates gum-like varnish buildup in the fuel system,
which causes hard starting
Danger
Add the correct amount of gas stabilizer/conditioner to the
gas.
Important Do not use fuel additives containing
methanol or ethanol.
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective when
mixed with fresh gasoline. To minimize the chance of
varnish deposits in the fuel system, use fuel stabilizer at all
times.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area,
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any gasoline
that spills.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add
gasoline to the fuel tank until the level is 1/4 to
1/2 in. (6 to 13 mm) below the bottom of the
filler neck. This empty space in the tank allows
gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where gasoline
fumes may be ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container and
keep it out of the reach of children. Never buy
more than a 30-day supply of gasoline.
• Always place gasoline containers on the ground
away from your vehicle before filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle or
on a truck or trailer bed because interior
carpets or plastic truck bed liners may insulate
the container and slow the loss of any static
charge.
• When practical, remove gas-powered equipment
from the truck or trailer and refuel the
equipment with its wheels on the ground.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser
nozzle.
• If a gasoline dispenser nozzle must be used, keep
the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel
tank or container opening at all times until
fueling is complete.
Filling the Fuel Tank
1. Shut the engine off and set the parking brake.
2. Clean around the fuel tank cap and remove the cap. Add
unleaded regular gasoline to the fuel tank until the level
is 1/4 to 1/2 in. (6 to 13 mm) below the bottom of the
filler neck. This space in the tank allows gasoline to
expand. Do not fill the fuel tank completely full.
3. Install the fuel tank cap securely. Wipe up any gasoline
that may have spilled.
Checking the Engine Oil Level
Before you start the engine and use the machine, check the
oil level in the engine crankcase; refer to Checking the Oil
Level, page 20.
11
Operation
Positioning the Seat
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine
from the normal operating position.
The seat can move forward and backward. Position the seat
where you have the best control of the machine and are
most comfortable.
Think Safety First
1. Raise the seat and loosen the 4 bolts (Fig. 3).
Please carefully read all of the safety instructions and
decals in the safety section. Knowing this information
could help you, your family, pets, or bystanders avoid
injury.
2. Move the seat to the desired position and tighten the
bolts.
Controls
Become familiar with all of the controls before you start the
engine and operate the machine.
1
Parking Brake
Always set the parking brake when you stop the machine or
leave it unattended.
Setting the Parking Brake
m–5951
Figure 3
1. Push the brake pedal (Fig. 2) down and hold it in the
depressed position.
1. Bolt
2. Lift the parking brake lever (Fig. 2) up and gradually
take your foot off of the brake pedal. The brake pedal
should stay in the depressed (locked) position.
Using the Blade Control (PTO)
The blade control (PTO) engages and disengages power to
the blade.
Releasing the Parking Brake
1. Push down on the brake pedal (Fig. 2) and hold it in the
depressed position.
Engaging the Blade
2. Push the parking brake lever (Fig. 2) down and
gradually release the brake pedal.
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
2. Slowly move the blade control (PTO) to Engaged
(Fig. 4).
2
Disengaging the Blade
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
1
2. Move the PTO to Disengaged (Fig. 4).
Figure 2
1. Brake pedal
2. Parking brake lever
12
Starting and Stopping the
Engine
2
Starting
1. Sit down on the seat.
2. Set the parking brake; refer to Setting the Parking
Brake, page 12.
Note: The engine will not start unless you engage the
parking brake.
3
3. Move the ground speed selector into neutral (N)
(Fig. 6).
1
Figure 4
1. Disengaged
2. Engaged
3. Blade control (PTO)
1
Setting the Height of Cut
The height-of-cut lever (deck lift) is used to raise and lower
the mower to the desired cutting height. The cutting height
may be set in one of 4 positions from approximately 3.8 to
9 cm.
1. Disengage the PTO.
2. Pull on the height-of-cut lever (deck lift), move it to the
desired position, and release the lever slowly until it
sticks in the notch (Fig. 5).
m–5972
Figure 6
9 cm
1. Ground speed selector
4. Move the PTO to Disengaged (Fig. 7).
1
7.5 cm
2
5.5 cm
3.8 cm
m–5952
Figure 5
1. Height-of-cut lever (deck lift)
3
1
Figure 7
1. Disengaged
2. Engaged
13
3. Blade control (PTO)
The Safety Interlock System
5. Move the throttle lever to Choke (Fig. 8).
Note: An engine that has been running and is warm may
not require step 5.
Caution
If safety interlock switches are disconnected or
damaged the machine could operate unexpectedly
causing personal injury.
• Do not tamper with the interlock switches.
• Check the operation of the interlock switches
daily and replace any damaged switches before
operating the machine.
1
2
Understanding the Safety Interlock
System
3
Figure 8
1. Choke
2. Fast
The safety interlock system is designed to prevent the
engine from starting unless:
3. Slow
• The power-take-off (PTO) is Off.
6. Turn the ignition key clockwise and hold it in the Start
position (Fig. 9). When the engine starts, release the
key.
• The operator is seated.
Important If the engine does not start after 30 seconds
of continuous cranking, turn the ignition key to Stop and let
the starter motor cool; refer to Troubleshooting, page 31.
The safety system is designed to stop the engine if:
7. After the engine starts, slowly move the throttle lever to
Fast (Fig. 8). If the engine stalls or hesitates, move the
throttle lever back to Choke for a few seconds. Then
move the throttle lever to Fast. Repeat this as required.
• You rise from the seat when the PTO is Engaged.
• The brake pedal is depressed.
• You rise from the seat when the clutch/brake pedal is
released.
• You shift into reverse with the PTO engaged and the
operating-in-reverse interlock not deactivated.
Setting the KeyChoice Switch to
Operate in Reverse
3
An interlock feature on the tractor prevents the power take
off (PTO) from operating when backing up. If you shift into
reverse with the PTO engaged (i.e., with mower blades or
other attachment running), the engine will stop. Do not
mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
1
If you need to use the PTO while backing up, you can turn
off this interlock feature using the KeyChoice switch
located near the seat bracket (Fig. 10).
2
Figure 9
1. Start
2. Run
3. Stop
Stopping
1. Move the throttle lever to Slow (Fig. 8).
2. Turn the ignition key to Stop (Fig. 9).
14
Danger
1
You could back over a child or bystander while the
mower blade or other attachment is engaged and
cause serious injury or death.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary.
• Do not insert the KeyChoice key unless it is
absolutely necessary.
• Always look backward and down before
backing up.
• Use the KeyChoice switch only if you are certain
no children or other bystanders will enter the
mowing area.
• Be very observant after deactivating the
interlock because the sound of the engine may
prevent you from noticing that a child or
bystander has entered the work area.
• Always remove both the ignition and KeyChoice
keys and put them in a safe place out of the
reach of children or unauthorized users when
leaving the unit unattended.
m–5974
Figure 11
1. Operating-in-reverse light
4. Shift into reverse and complete your task.
5. Stop the PTO or the engine to activate the interlock.
6. Remove the KeyChoice key and put it in a safe place
out of reach of children.
1. Engage the PTO.
2. Insert the KeyChoice key into the switch (Fig. 10).
Testing the Safety Interlock System
Test the safety interlock system before you use the machine
each time. If the safety system does not operate as
described below, have an Authorized Service Dealer repair
the safety system immediately.
1
1. Move the gear shift into neutral.
2. Move the PTO lever to Engage. Sit on the seat and
rotate the ignition key to Start; the engine should not
crank. If it does, the interlock system is malfunctioning,
and it must be repaired by an Authorized Service
Dealer. If the engine does not crank, proceed to step 3.
3. Move the PTO lever to Disengage. Sit on the seat,
depress the brake and clutch pedals, engage the parking
brake, and shift into gear. Rotate the ignition key to
Start; the engine should not crank. If it does, the
interlock system is malfunctioning and must be repaired
by an Authorized Service Dealer. If the engine does not
crank, proceed to step 4.
m–5972
Figure 10
1. KeyChoice switch
4. Sit on the seat, move the gear shift into neutral, and the
PTO lever to Disengage. Ensure that the parking brake
is engaged. Rotate the ignition key to Start; the engine
should start and continue to run. Then engage the PTO
lever and carefully rise from the seat; the engine should
stop. If the engine does not stop running, shut the
engine off and have the interlock system repaired by an
Authorized Service Dealer. If the engine shuts off when
you rise from the seat, the interlock system is
functioning correctly and the tractor can be operated
safely.
3. Turn the KeyChoice key.
A red light on the front console (Fig. 11) turns on,
indicating that the interlock is disabled.
15
Stopping the Machine
5. Put the PTO lever in the Disengage position and the
gear shifter in neutral. Start the engine. While the
engine is running, move the PTO lever to the Engage
position, push in the clutch, and put the gear shifter in
reverse. The engine should stop.
To stop the machine, depress the brake pedal, shift into
neutral, disengage the PTO, and turn the ignition key to Off
to stop the engine. Also set the parking brake if you leave
the machine unattended; refer to Setting the Parking Brake,
page 12. Remember to remove the key from the ignition
switch.
6. Put the PTO lever in the Disengage position and the
gear shifter in neutral. Start the engine. Move the PTO
lever to the Engage position and turn the KeyChoice
key and release it. The KeyChoice warning light should
illuminate. Move the PTO lever to the Disengage
position and the KeyChoice warning light should turn
off.
Caution
Children or bystanders may be injured if they
move or attempt to operate the tractor while it is
unattended.
Driving Forward or Backward
Always remove the ignition key and set the
parking brake when leaving the machine
unattended, even if just for a few minutes.
The throttle control regulates the engine speed as measured
in RPM (revolutions per minute).
To go forward or backward, depress the brake pedal. Move
the ground speed selector to the desired forward speed or
reverse. As you slowly release the pedal, the machine will
begin to move. Steer the machine with the steering wheel.
Important To prevent excessive wear, do not “Ride the
Brakes.” Shift to a lower speed for slower ground speed.
Choose a slow speed so that you will not have to stop or
shift while on the slope.
Caution
Emptying the Grass Collector
Sudden release of the clutch pedal could cause you
to lose control and suddenly put the machine in
motion.
When the collector warning light on the front console
comes on, the grass collector is full and must be emptied.
Always release the clutch pedal slowly when
starting the machine in motion.
1. Disengage the PTO.
2. Pull the collector rod forward to tilt the collection bin
(Fig. 12).
Selecting Ground Speeds
3. Shake the collection bin until it is completely empty.
4. Slowly return the collection rod to the operating
position.
Important To avoid transmission damage, always
depress the brake pedal before shifting into or out of
reverse.
Always start the machine in motion by depressing the brake
pedal and shifting into the desired speed. Once the machine
is in motion, you can shift into any forward speed without
depressing the brake pedal. In most conditions, the machine
is powerful enough to move out in any speed. If it will not
move out in a selected speed due to a heavy load, use a
lower speed.
1
2
Important Do not shift on slopes. Choose a slow speed
so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.
Figure 12
1. Collector rod
16
2. Collection bin
Pushing the Machine by Hand
Important Always push the machine by hand. Never
tow the machine because transaxle damage may occur.
1. Shift into neutral, disengage the PTO, stop the engine,
and remove the ignition key.
2. Disengage the parking brake to push the machine.
Installing the Recycler Cover
2
A Recycler cover is included with the tractor. It is used
when you do not wish to bag grass clippings.
1
m–5981
Figure 13
1. Discharge chute
2. Discharge tube
Danger
6. Attach the Recycler cover with 4 screws, washers, and
nuts.
Without the grass deflector, discharge cover, or
complete grass catcher assembly mounted in place,
you and others are exposed to blade contact and
thrown debris. Contact with the rotating mower
blade(s) and thrown debris will cause injury or
death.
7. Secure the discharge tube to the rear plate with the bolt
previously removed.
• Never remove the grass deflector from the
mower because the grass deflector routes
material down toward the turf. If the grass
deflector is ever damaged, replace it
immediately.
• Never put your hands or feet under the mower.
• Never try to clear the discharge area or mower
blades unless you move the power take off
(PTO) to Off and rotate the ignition key to Off.
Also remove the key and pull the wire off of the
spark plug(s).
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the PTO,
shift into neutral, set the parking brake, stop the engine,
and remove the ignition key.
2. Raise the grass collector and remove the bolt securing
the discharge tube to the rear plate.
3. Move the height of cut lever into the B or C position.
Remove the 3 screws, washers, and nuts attaching the
discharge chute to the mower (Fig. 13).
4. Remove the bolt, washer, and nut attaching the
discharge chute to the discharge tube (Fig. 13).
5. Move the height of cut lever to the lowest position.
Slide the discharge chute out from beneath the tractor.
17
Tips for Mowing Grass
Avoid Cutting Too Low
Fast Throttle Setting
If the cutting width of the mower is wider than the mower
you previously used, raise the cutting height one notch to
ensure uneven turf is not cut too short.
For best mowing and maximum air circulation, operate the
engine at Fast. Air is required to thoroughly cut grass
clippings, so do not set the height-of-cut too low or totally
surround the mower by uncut grass. Always try to have one
side of the mower free from uncut grass, which allows air
to be drawn into the mower.
Long Grass
If the grass is ever allowed to grow slightly longer than
normal, or if it contains a high degree of moisture, raise the
cutting height higher than usual and cut the grass at this
setting. Then cut the grass again using the lower, normal
setting.
Using the Mower for the First Time
Cut the grass slightly longer than normal to ensure that the
cutting height of the mower does not scalp any uneven
ground. However, the cutting height used in the past is
generally the best one to use. When cutting grass longer
than 15 cm tall, you may want to cut the lawn twice to
ensure an acceptable quality of cut.
When Stopping
If the machine must be stopped while mowing, a clump of
grass clippings may drop onto your lawn. To avoid this:
1. With the blade Engaged, move onto a previously cut
area.
Cut 1/3 of the Grass Blade
2. To disperse the clippings evenly, raise the mower one or
two height-of-cut settings while driving forward with
the blade Engaged.
It is best to cut only about 1/3 of the grass blade. Cutting
more than that is not recommended, unless grass is sparse
or it is late fall when grass grows more slowly.
Keep the Underside of the Mower Clean
Mowing Direction
Alternate mowing direction to keep the grass standing
straight. This also helps disperse clippings which enhances
decomposition and fertilization.
Use the washout port to clean clippings and dirt from the
underside of the mower after each use. If grass and dirt
build up inside the mower, cutting quality will eventually
become unsatisfactory.
Mow at Correct Intervals
Blade Maintenance
Normally, mow every 4 days. But remember, grass grows at
different rates at different times. So to maintain the same
cutting height, which is a good practice, mow more often in
early spring. As the grass growth rate slows in mid summer,
mow less frequently. If you cannot mow for an extended
period, first mow at a high cutting height; then mow again
2 days later at a lower height setting.
Maintain a sharp blade throughout the cutting season
because a sharp blade cuts cleanly without tearing or
shredding the grass blades. Tearing and shredding turns
grass brown at the edges, which slows growth and increases
the chance of disease. Every 30 days, check the cutter blade
for sharpness and file down any nicks.
18
Maintenance
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
Recommended Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
After first 5 hours of use
• Change the engine oil.
Each use
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the tire pressure.
Check the engine oil level.
Check the safety system.
Clean the mower housing.
Check the parking brake.
Check for loose parts.
Every 5 hours
• Check the cutting blade.
Every 25 hours
• Grease the front wheels.1
• Service the foam air cleaner.1
• Check the spark plug.
Every 50 hours
• Change the engine oil.2
• Check the battery electrolyte.
Every 100 hours
•
•
•
•
Service the paper air cleaner.1
Replace the spark plug.
Replace the fuel filter.
Clean the cooling system.1
Before storage
•
•
•
•
Perform all of the maintenance procedures listed above.
Drain the fuel tank.
Paint chipped surfaces.
Charge the battery and disconnect the cables.
After storage
•
•
•
•
Check the safety system.
Check the spark plug.
Check the battery electrolyte.
Check the tire pressure.
1More
2More
often in dusty, dirty conditions
often when operating the engine under heavy load or in high temperatures
Important
Refer to your engine operator’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
Caution
If you leave the key in the ignition switch, someone could accidently start the engine and
seriously injure you or other bystanders.
Remove the key from the ignition and disconnect the wire from the spark plug before you do any
maintenance. Set the wire aside so that it does not accidentally contact the spark plug.
19
Servicing the Engine Oil
5. Screw the oil dipstick fully onto the filler tube (Fig. 14).
Unscrew the dipstick again and look at the metal end. If
the oil level is low, slowly pour only enough oil into the
filler tube to raise the level to the Full mark on the
dipstick.
Check the oil level daily or after every 8 hours.
Change the oil after the first 5 operating hours and every 50
operating hours thereafter.
Important Do not overfill the crankcase with oil
because the engine may be damaged.
Note: Change the oil more frequently when operating
conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SF, SG, SH, SJ, or
higher)
Changing and Draining the Oil
Crankcase Capacity: 48 oz./1-1/2 qt. (1400 cc/1.4 l)
1. Start the engine and let it run for five minutes. This
warms the oil so that it drains better.
Viscosity: See the table below.
2. Park the machine so that the right front side is slightly
lower than the left side to ensure that the oil drains
completely. Then disengage the PTO, shift into neutral,
set the parking brake, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
USE THESE SAE VISCOSITY OILS
3. Raise the seat.
4. Slide the draining funnel underneath the oil dipstick/fill
tube (Fig. 15).
–20
°F
0
–30
°C
–20
20
–10
40
60
0
10
80
20
5. Place a pan below the draining funnel and remove the
drain plug (Fig. 15).
100
30
40
2
Checking the Oil Level
1
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the PTO,
shift into neutral, set the parking brake, stop the engine,
and remove the ignition key.
2. Raise the seat.
3. Clean around the oil dipstick (Fig. 14) so that dirt
cannot fall into the filler hole and damage the engine.
3
m–5977
1
Figure 15
2
1. Oil drain plug
2. Oil dipstick/fill tube
3
3. Draining funnel
6. When the oil has drained completely, remove the
draining funnel and install the drain plug.
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified recycling center.
7. Slowly pour approximately 80% of the specified
amount of oil into the filler tube (Fig. 14). Check the oil
level; refer to Checking the Oil Level, page 20,
steps 4–5.
m–1868
Figure 14
1. Oil dipstick
2. Metal end
3. Filler tube
4. Unscrew the oil dipstick and wipe the metal end clean
(Fig. 14).
20
Servicing the Battery
Installing the Battery
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use a
paper towel to clean the battery and battery box. If the
battery terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution
of four parts water and one part baking soda. Apply a light
coating of grease to the battery terminals to prevent
corrosion.
1. Put the battery into the battery box in the chassis.
2. Using the bolt, washers, and nut, connect the positive
(red) cable to the positive (+) battery post. Slide the
rubber cover over the battery post.
3. Using the bolt, washers, and nut, connect the negative
(black) cable to the negative (–) battery post.
Voltage: 12 v, 155 Cold Cranking Amps
4. Install the engine cover.
Removing the Battery
Checking the Electrolyte Level
Warning
1. Remove the engine cover.
2. Look at the side of the battery. The electrolyte must be
up to the Upper line (Fig. 16). Do not allow the
electrolyte to fall below the Lower line (Fig. 16).
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal tractor components causing sparks.
Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode,
resulting in personal injury.
3. If the electrolyte is low, add the required amount of
distilled water; refer to Adding Water to the Battery,
page 22.
• When removing or installing the battery, do not
allow the battery terminals to touch any metal
parts of the tractor.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between the
battery terminals and metal parts of the tractor.
1
2
1. Disengage the PTO, shift into neutral, set the parking
brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
3
2. Remove the engine cover.
m-5004
Figure 16
3. Disconnect the negative (black) ground cable from the
battery post.
1. Vent caps
2. Upper line
3. Lower line
Warning
Danger
Incorrect battery cable routing could damage the
tractor and cables causing sparks. Sparks can
cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in
personal injury.
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid which is a
deadly poison and causes severe burns.
• Always disconnect the negative (black) battery
cable before disconnecting the positive (red)
cable.
• Always connect the positive (red) battery cable
before connecting the negative (black) cable.
• Do not drink electrolyte and avoid contact with
skin, eyes or clothing. Wear safety glasses to
shield your eyes and rubber gloves to protect
your hands.
• Fill the battery where clean water is always
available for flushing the skin.
4. Slide the rubber cover up the positive (red) cable.
Disconnect the positive (red) cable from the battery
post.
5. Remove the battery from the battery box.
21
Adding Water to the Battery
Charging the Battery
The best time to add distilled water to the battery is just
before you operate the machine. This lets the water mix
thoroughly with the electrolyte solution.
Warning
1. Remove the battery from the tractor; refer to Removing
the Battery, page 21.
Charging the battery produces gasses that can
explode.
2. Clean the top of the battery with a paper towel.
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and
flames away from battery.
Important Never fill the battery with distilled water
while the battery is installed in the tractor. Electrolyte could
be spilled on other parts and cause corrosion.
Important Always keep the battery fully charged
(1.260 specific gravity). This is especially important to
prevent battery damage when the temperature is below
32°F (0°C).
3. Remove the vent caps from the battery (Fig. 16).
4. Slowly pour distilled water into each battery cell until
the electrolyte level is up to the Upper line (Fig. 16) on
the battery case.
1. Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to Removing
the Battery, page 21.
2. Check the electrolyte level; refer to Checking the
Electrolyte Level, page 21.
Important Do not overfill the battery because
electrolyte (sulfuric acid) can cause severe corrosion and
damage to the chassis.
3. Make sure that the vent caps are installed in the battery.
Charge the battery for 1 hour at 25 to 30 amps or 6
hours at 4 to 6 amps. Do not overcharge the battery.
5. Wait five to ten minutes after filling the battery cells.
Add distilled water, if necessary, until the electrolyte
level is up to the Upper line (Fig. 16) on the battery
case.
4. When the battery is fully charged, unplug the charger
from the electrical outlet, then disconnect the charger
leads from the battery posts (Fig. 17).
6. Install the battery vent caps.
4
2
1
3
m–4970
Figure 17
1. Positive battery post
2. Negative battery post
3. Red (+) charger lead
4. Black (–) charger lead
5. Install the battery in the tractor and connect the battery
cables; refer to Installing the Battery, page 21.
Note: Do not run the tractor with the battery disconnected.
Electrical damage may occur.
22
Servicing the Air Cleaner
1
Foam Element: Clean and oil after every 25 operating
hours.
Paper Element: Replace after every 100 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
2
Note: Service the air cleaner more frequently (every few
hours) if operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Removing the Foam and Paper Elements
1. Disengage the PTO, shift into neutral, set the parking
brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
m–1864
Figure 19
2. Remove the engine cover.
1. Foam element
3. Clean around the air cleaner to prevent dirt from getting
into the engine and causing damage. Unscrew the knob
and remove the air cleaner cover (Fig. 18).
2. Paper element
5. Unscrew the rubber nut and remove the paper element
(Fig. 20).
1
1
2
2
m–1884
m–1865
Figure 20
Figure 18
1. Knob
1. Rubber nut
2. Air cleaner cover
4. Carefully slide the foam element off of the paper
element (Fig. 19).
2. Paper element
Cleaning the Foam and Paper Elements
1. Foam Element
A. Wash the foam element in liquid soap and warm
water. When the element is clean, rinse it
thoroughly.
B. Dry the element by squeezing it in a clean cloth.
C. Put one or two ounces of oil on the element
(Fig. 21). Squeeze the element to distribute the oil.
Important
worn.
23
Replace the foam element if it is torn or
Servicing the Spark Plug
2
Install a new spark plug after every 100 operating hours.
Check the spark plug after every 25 operating hours. Make
sure that the air gap between the center and side electrodes
is correct before installing the spark plug. Use a spark plug
wrench for removing and installing the spark plug and a
gapping tool/feeler gauge to check and adjust the air gap.
1
m–1866
Type: Champion RJ-19LM (or equivalent)
Figure 21
1. Foam element
Air Gap: 0.030 in. (0.762 mm)
2. Oil
Removing the Spark Plug
2. Paper Element
A. Lightly tap the element on a flat surface to remove
dust and dirt (Fig. 22).
1. Disengage the PTO, shift into neutral, set the parking
brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
B. Inspect the element for tears, an oily film, and
damage to the rubber seal.
2. Reach under the body of the tractor above the left rear
wheel and pull the wire off of the spark plug (Fig. 23).
Clean around the spark plug to prevent dirt from falling
into the engine and potentially causing damage.
Important Never clean the paper element with
pressurized air or liquids, such as solvent, gas, or kerosene.
Replace the paper element if it is damaged or cannot be
cleaned thoroughly.
3. Remove the spark plug and metal washer.
1
1
2
m–1867
Figure 22
1. Paper element
2
2. Rubber seal
m–1884
Figure 23
1. Spark plug wire
2. Spark plug
Installing the Foam and Paper Elements
Important To prevent engine damage, always operate
the engine with the complete foam and paper air cleaner
assembly installed.
Checking the Spark Plug
1. Look at the center of the spark plug (Fig. 24). If you see
light brown or gray on the insulator, the engine is
operating properly. A black coating on the insulator
usually means the air cleaner is dirty.
1. Carefully slide the foam element onto the paper air
cleaner element (Fig. 19).
2. Slide the air cleaner assembly onto the long rod. Screw
the rubber nut finger-tight against the air cleaner
(Fig. 20).
Important Never clean the spark plug. Always replace
the spark plug when it has a black coating, worn electrodes,
an oily film, or cracks.
Note: Make sure that the rubber seal is flat against the air
cleaner base.
2. Check the gap between the center and side electrodes
(Fig. 24). Bend the side electrode (Fig. 24) if the gap is
not correct.
3. Install the air cleaner cover and knob (Fig. 18). Tighten
the knob snugly.
4. Install the engine cover.
24
2
2. If the rear wheels lock and skid when you try to push
the tractor forward, no adjustment is required. If the
rear wheels turn and do not lock, an adjustment is
needed; see an Authorized Service Dealer.
3
1
0.030 in.
(0.762 mm)
Draining the Fuel Tank
Danger
m–1870
Figure 24
1. Center electrode insulator
2. Side electrode
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
3. Air gap (not to scale)
• Drain gasoline from the fuel tank when the
engine is cold. Do this outdoors in an open area.
Wipe up any gasoline that spills.
• Never smoke when draining gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where a spark may
ignite the gasoline fumes.
Installing the Spark Plug
1. Install the spark plug and metal washer. Make sure that
the air gap is set correctly.
2. Tighten the spark plug to 15 ft.-lb. (20 N⋅m).
3. Push the wire onto the spark plug (Fig. 23).
1. Park the machine so that the left side is slightly lower
than the right side to ensure that the fuel tank drains
completely. Disengage the PTO, shift into neutral, set
the parking brake, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
Checking the Tire Pressure
Maintain the air pressure in the front tires at 150 kPa and in
the rear ties at 200 kPa. Check the tire pressure after each
use. Check the tires when they are cold to get the most
accurate pressure reading.
2. Remove the engine cover.
3. Squeeze the ends of the hose clamp together and slide it
up the fuel line toward the fuel tank.
Greasing and Lubrication
4. Pull the fuel line off of the filter (Fig. 25) and allow
gasoline to drain into a gas can or drain pan.
Grease the machine after every 25 operating hours or once
a year, whichever occurs first. Grease more frequently
when operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Note: Now is the best time to install a new fuel filter
because the fuel tank is empty.
Grease Type: General-purpose grease
1. Disengage the PTO, shift into neutral, set the parking
brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
1
2. Lubricate the front wheels.
3. Wipe up any excess grease.
Checking the Parking Brake
Always set the parking brake when you stop the machine or
leave it unattended. Check the parking brake daily to ensure
that it holds securely.
2
m–1884
Figure 25
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the PTO,
set the parking brake, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
1. Fuel filter
5. Install the fuel line onto the filter. Slide the hose clamp
close to the filter to secure the fuel line and filter.
6. Install the engine cover.
25
Replacing the Fuel Filter
Servicing the Cutting Blade
Replace the fuel filter after every 100 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
To ensure a superior quality of cut, keep the blade sharp.
For convenient sharpening and replacement, you may want
to have an extra blade.
The best time to replace the fuel filter (Fig. 25) is when the
fuel tank is empty. Never install a dirty filter if it is
removed from the fuel line.
Danger
1. Disengage the PTO, shift into neutral, set the parking
brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
A worn or damaged blade can break, and a piece
of the blade could be thrown into the operator’s or
bystander’s area, resulting in serious personal
injury or death.
2. Remove the engine cover.
3. Squeeze the ends of the hose clamps together and slide
them away from the filter (Fig. 25).
• Inspect the blade periodically for wear or
damage.
• Replace a worn or damaged blade.
4. Remove the filter from the fuel lines.
5. Install a new filter and move the hose clamps close to
the filter.
6. Install the engine cover.
Inspecting the Blade
Servicing the Fuses
1. Inspect the cutting edges (Fig. 27). If the edges are not
sharp or have nicks, remove the blade and sharpen
them; refer to Sharpening the Blade, page 27.
The electrical system is protected by fuses. No maintenance
is required, however, if a fuse blows, check the circuit
wiring for a short. To replace a fuse (Fig. 26), pull out to
remove it from the socket. Push down to insert it.
2. Inspect the blade, especially the curved area (Fig. 27). If
you notice any damage, wear, or a slot forming in this
area (Fig. 27), immediately install a new blade.
Fuses: 7.5 amp, blade-type
1
2
1
3
m–151
Figure 27
1. Cutting edge
2. Curved area
m–5970
3. Wear/slot forming
Figure 26
1. Fuses (under the seat)
Removing the Blade
1. Stop the engine and remove the ignition key. Pull the
wire off of the spark plug.
2. Shift the transaxle into first gear and engage the parking
brake.
3. Grasp the end of the blade using a rag or thickly padded
glove. Then remove the blade bolt, curved washer,
blade stiffener, and blade (Fig. 28). A block of wood
may be wedged between the blade and the mower to
lock the blade when you are removing the bolt.
26
Installing the Blade
1. Iinstall the blade, blade stiffener, curved washer, and
blade bolt (Fig. 28).
2
Important The curved part of the blade must be
pointing toward the inside of the mower to ensure proper
cutting.
2. Tighten the blade bolt to 45–60 ft.-lb. (61–81 N⋅m)
Important Make sure the cutting edge of the blade is
away from the mower housing.
1
3
Leveling the Mower
If the mower cuts unevenly and the cutting blade is not
bent, then the mower must be leveled.
Figure 28
1. Blade
2. Blade stiffener
1. Place the tractor on level surface, engage the parking
brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
3. Blade bolt and curved
washer
2. Pull the wire off of the spark plug.
3. Set the air pressure in the front and rear ties to the
recommended inflation; refer to Checking the Tire
Pressure, page 25.
Sharpening the Blade
1. Use a file to sharpen the cutting edge at both ends of the
blade (Fig. 29). Maintain the original angle. The blade
retains its balance if the same amount of material is
removed from both cutting edges.
4. Remove the cotter pin at the front of the adjusting rod
(Fig. 31).
5. Loosen the nut at the rear of the adjusting rod (Fig. 31).
1
3
m–1854
Figure 29
1
1. Sharpen at original angle
2. Check the balance of the blade by putting it on a blade
balancer (Fig. 30). If the blade stays in a horizontal
position, the blade is balanced and can be used. If the
blade is not balanced, file some metal off of the back
side of the blade. Repeat this procedure until the blade
is balanced.
front of mower
2
m–5976
2
Figure 31
1
1. Adjusting rod
2. Cotter pin
Figure 30
1. Blade
3. Nut
2. Balancer
6. Turn the adjusting rod to the desired deck level.
7. Tighten the nut and install the cotter pin.
27
Washing the Underside of the
Mower
Warning
A broken or missing washout fitting could expose
you and others to thrown objects or blade contact.
Contact with blade or thrown debris contact will
cause injury or death.
After each use, wash the underside of the mower to prevent
grass buildup for improved mulch action and clipping
dispersal.
1. Park the machine on a hard level surface, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
• Replace broken or missing washout fitting
immediately, before using mower again.
• Plug any hole(s) in mower with bolts and
locknuts.
• Never put your hands or feet under the mower
or through openings in the mower.
2. Attach the hose coupling to the end of the mower
washout fitting, and turn the water on high (Fig. 32).
Note: Spread petroleum jelly on the washout fitting o-ring
to make the coupling slide on easier and protect the o-ring.
1
2
3
Washing the Machine
1. Stop the engine and remove the ignition key. Wait
10–15 minutes for the engine to cool down.
2. Wash the machine with mild detergent and water.
Important Do not use a pressure washer to wash the
machine. Pressure washing may damage the electrical
system or wash away necessary grease at friction points.
Avoid excessive use of water, especially near the control
panel, lights, engine, and battery.
m–3118
3. Start the engine to dry it off.
Figure 32
1. Washout port
2. Coupling
3. Hose
3. Lower the mower to the lowest height-of-cut.
4. Sit on the seat and start the engine. Engage the PTO and
let the mower run for one to three minutes.
5. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key. Wait for all moving parts to stop.
6. Turn the water off and remove the hose coupling from
the washout fitting.
Note: If the mower is not clean after one washing, soak it
and let it stand for 30 minutes. Then repeat the process.
7. Run the mower again for one to three minutes to
remove excess water.
28
Cleaning and Storage
the cylinder. Install the spark plug(s); refer to Spark
Plug, page 24. Do not install the wire on the spark
plug(s).
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the ignition key.
9. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Clean the battery
and battery terminals. Check the electrolyte level and
charge it fully; refer to Servicing the Battery, page 21.
Leave the negative battery cable disconnected from the
battery during storage.
2. Remove grass clippings, dirt, and grime from the
external parts of the entire machine, especially the
engine. Clean dirt and chaff from the outside of the
engine cylinder head fins and blower housing.
Important The battery must be fully charged to prevent
it from freezing and being damaged at temperatures below
32°F (0°C). A fully charged battery can be stored one
winter season without recharging.
Important You can wash the machine with mild
detergent and water. Do not use a pressure washer to
wash the machine. Pressure washing may damage the
electrical system or wash away necessary grease at friction
points. Avoid excessive use of water, especially near the
control panel, lights, engine, and battery.
10. Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws. Repair or
replace any part that is worn or damaged.
3. Check the brake; refer to Checking the Parking Brake,
page 25.
11. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint is
available from your Authorized Service Dealer.
4. Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner, page 23.
12. Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or storage area.
Remove the ignition and KeyChoice keys from the
mower and keep them in a memorable place. Cover the
machine to protect it and keep it clean.
5. Change the crankcase oil; refer to Servicing the Engine
Oil, page 20.
6. Check the tire pressure; refer to Checking the Tire
Pressure, page 25.
7. For storage over 30 days, prepare the traction unit as
follows:
A. Add a petroleum based stabilizer/conditioner to fuel
in the tank. Follow the mixing instructions from the
stabilizer manufacturer (1 oz. per gallon). Do not
use an alcohol based stabilizer (ethanol or
methanol).
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective
when mixed with fresh gasoline and used at all times.
B. Run the engine to distribute conditioned fuel
through the fuel system (5 minutes).
C. Stop the engine, allow it to cool, and drain the fuel
tank; refer to Draining the Fuel Tank, page 25.
D. Restart the engine and run it until it stops.
E. Choke or prime the engine.
F. Start and run the engine until it will not start again.
Use the primer, if equipped on the machine, several
times to ensure that no fuel remains in the primer
system.
G. Dispose of fuel properly. Recycle as per local codes.
Important Do not store stabilizer/conditioned gasoline
over 90 days.
8. Remove the spark plug(s) and check its condition; refer
to Servicing the Spark Plug, page 24. With the spark
plug(s) removed from the engine, pour two tablespoons
of engine oil into the spark plug hole. Use the electric
starter to crank the engine and distribute the oil inside
29
1
S
B
A
X
Y
I
I
A
S
B
NO CONNECTION
B I A AND X Y
BIS
S1
(IGNITION)
OFF
ON
START
KEY SWITCH
GND
BLACK
RED
3
RED/BLACK
RED/BLACK
6
5
ORANGE
TURQUOISE
7
RED/WHITE
8
7.5A F2
21
9
8
2
RED
12V DC
BATTERY
2
3
SM
9
30
GND
WHITE/BLACK
20
22
23+24
27
GND
19
25
ORANGE LAMP RED LAMP
(BAG FULL) (OVER RIDE)
SOLENOID
4
ORANGE
7.5A F1
RED
RED
RED
WHITE
AM
WHITE
BLACK
BLACK
GND
WHITE
29
5
3
4
13
BROWN
14
ORANGE
BLACK
28
6
20
7
GND
S4
(SEAT)
SHOWN WHEN
OPERATOR IS NOT
ON THE SEAT
2
1
K1
(KILL RELAY)
S7
(BAG FULL)
SWITCH CLOSES
WHEN GRASS
BAG IS FULL
ORANGE
RED
14
30
GREY
29
MAGNET
28
BLACK
STARTER
RED/BLACK
30
TURQUOISE
10
S5
(BRAKE)
NMIR MODULE
BROWN
BLACK
3
31
ORANGE
13
18
19
26
31
GND
11 12
BROWN
RED
TURQ./BLACK
TAN
15
16
10
1
5
4
2
6
SHOWN WITH
BRAKE DISENGAGED
12
15
RED
32
16
TURQUOISE
TURQUOISE
RED/BLACK
17
RED/BLACK
11
TURQ./BLACK
MOMENTARY
KEY SWITCH 18
S3
(OVER RIDE)
26
17
SHOWN
IN NEUTRAL
S6
(REVERSE)
TURQ./BLACK
TURQUOISE
TURQ./BLACK
ALTERNATOR
5
11
S2
(PTO)
SHOWN WITH
PTO DISENGAGED
TURQ./BLACK
TURQUOISE
Wiring Diagram
Troubleshooting
Problem
The starter does not crank.
The engine
g
will not start, starts
h d or ffails
hard,
il tto kkeep running.
i
The engine loses power.
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. The blade control (PTO) is
Engaged.
1. Move the PTO to Disengaged.
2. The parking brake is not on.
2. Set the parking brake.
3. The battery is dead.
3. Charge the battery.
4. The electrical connections are
corroded or loose.
4. Check the electrical
connections for good contact.
5. A fuse is blown.
5. Replace the fuse.
6. A relay or switch is damaged.
6. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. The operator is not seated.
1. Sit on the seat.
2. The fuel tank is empty.
2. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline.
3. The air cleaner is dirty.
3. Clean or replace the air cleaner
element.
4. The spark plug wire is loose or
disconnected.
4. Install the wire on the spark
plug.
5. The spark plug is pitted, fouled,
or the gap is incorrect.
5. Install a new, correctly-gapped
spark plug.
6. The choke is not closing.
6. Adjust the throttle cable.
7. There is dirt in the fuel filter.
7. Replace the fuel filter.
8. The idle speed is too low or the
mixture is incorrect.
8. Adjust the carburetor idle
speed and idle mixture.
9. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in the
fuel system.
9. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
10.The engine is flooded.
10.Remove the spark plug and dry
it.
11. The battery is dead.
11. Charge the battery.
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Shift into a lower gear to
reduce ground speed.
2. The air cleaner is dirty.
2. Clean the air cleaner element.
3. The oil level in the crankcase is
low.
3. Add oil to the crankcase.
4. The cooling fins and air
passages under the engine
blower housing are plugged.
4. Remove the obstruction from
the cooling fins and air
passages.
5. The spark plug is pitted, fouled,
or the gap is incorrect.
5. Install a new, correctly-gapped
spark plug.
6. There is dirt in the fuel filter.
6. Replace the fuel filter.
7. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in the
fuel system.
7. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
31
Problem
The engine overheats.
There is an abnormal vibration.
The blade does not rotate.
The machine does not drive.
The cutting
g height
g is uneven.
The cutting quality is poor.
The g
grass collector fails to fill.
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Shift into a lower gear to
reduce ground speed.
2. The oil level in the crankcase is
low.
2. Add oil to the crankcase.
3. The cooling fins and air
passages under the engine
blower housing are plugged.
3. Remove the obstruction from
the cooling fins and air
passages.
1. The cutting blade is bent or
unbalanced.
1. Install a new cutting blade.
2. The blade mounting bolt is
loose.
2. Tighten the blade mounting
bolt.
3. The engine mounting bolts are
loose.
3. Tighten the engine mounting
bolts.
4. There is a loose engine pulley,
idler pulley, or blade pulley
4. Tighten the appropriate pulley.
5. The engine pulley is damaged.
5. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. The blade drive belt is worn,
loose, or broken.
1. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
2. The blade drive belt is off of the
pulley.
2. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. The traction belt is worn, loose,
or broken.
1. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
2. The traction belt is off of the
pulley.
2. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
3. The transmission does not
shift.
3. Contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. The tire pressure is incorrect.
1. Set the tire pressure.
2. The mower is not level.
2. Level the mower.
3. The underside of the mower is
dirty.
3. Clean the underside of the
mower.
1. The cutting blade is worn.
1. Sharpen or replace the cutting
blade.
2. The cutting height is incorrect.
2. Adjust the cutting height.
1. The cutting height is too low.
1. Raise the cutting height.
2. The grass is too heavy or
damp.
2. Wait until the grass has dried.
3. The cutting blade is worn.
3. Sharpen or replace the cutting
blade.
4. The grass is too high.
4. Raise the cutting height.
5. The discharge area is blocked.
5. Remove the obstruction from
the discharge area.
32
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