Toro 17-44HXLE Lawn Tractor User manual

Toro 17-44HXLE Lawn Tractor User manual
Form No. 3326-536
17-44HXLE
Wheel Horse Lawn Tractor
Model No. 71283—Serial No. 220010001 and Up
Operator’s Manual
International English (GB)
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
ICES-002.
Servicing the Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ce système d’allumage par étincelle de véhicule est
conforme à la norme NMB-002 du Canada.
Contents
Page
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-on (riding) Rotary
Lawnmower Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Safe Operating Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Toro Riding Mower Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Sound Pressure Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Sound Power Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Vibration Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Slope Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Gasoline and Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Recommended Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Filling the Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Checking the Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Think Safety First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Positioning the Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Using the Blade Control (PTO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Setting the Height of Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Starting and Stopping the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
The Safety Interlock System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
Testing the Safety System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Pushing the Machine by Hand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Driving Forward or Backward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Stopping the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Tips for Mowing Grass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
Recommended Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . .
19
Servicing the Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Servicing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
Servicing the Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
Greasing and Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
Servicing the Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
Servicing the Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
Checking the Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Draining the Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Replacing the Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
2001 by The Toro Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
Page
27
27
28
29
30
31
Introduction
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate and
maintain your product properly. The information in this
manual can help you and others avoid injury and product
damage. Although Toro designs and produces safe
products, you are responsible for operating the product
properly and safely.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model and
serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1 illustrates
the location of the model and serial numbers on the
product.
1
1856
Figure 1
1. Model and serial number plate
Write the product model and serial numbers in the space
below:
Model No.
Serial No.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has special
safety messages that help you and others avoid personal
injury and even death. Danger, Warning, and Caution are
signal words used to identify the level of hazard. However,
regardless of the hazard, be extremely careful.
All Rights Reserved
2
Printed in the USA
• All drivers should seek and obtain professional and
practical instruction. Such instruction should
emphasize:
Danger signals an extreme hazard that will cause serious
injury or death if you do not follow the recommended
precautions.
Warning signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or
death if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
– the need for care and concentration when working
with ride-on machines;
Caution signals a hazard that may cause minor or moderate
injury if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
– control of a ride-on machine sliding on a slope will
not be regained by the application of the brake. The
main reasons for loss of control are:
This manual uses two other words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical
information and Note: emphasizes general information
worthy of special attention.
• insufficient wheel grip;
• being driven too fast;
• inadequate braking;
• the type of machine is unsuitable for its task;
Safety
• lack of awareness of the effect of ground
conditions, especially slopes;
Safe Operation Practices for
Ride-on (riding) Rotary
Lawnmower Machines
• incorrect hitching and load distribution.
Preparation
This machine meets or exceeds European Standards in
effect at the time of production. However, improper use
or maintenance by the operator or owner can result in
injury. To reduce the potential for injury, comply with
these safety instructions and always pay attention to the
safety alert
symbol, which means CAUTION,
WARNING, or DANGER—“personal safety
instruction.” Failure to comply with the instruction may
result in personal injury or death.
• While mowing, always wear substantial footwear and
long trousers. Do not operate the equipment when
barefoot or wearing open sandals.
• Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to
be used and remove all objects which may be thrown by
the machine.
• Warning—Fuel is highly flammable.
– Store fuel in containers specifically designed for this
purpose.
Safe Operating Practices
– Refuel outdoors only and do not smoke while
refuelling.
The following instructions are from the CEN standard EN
836:1997.
– Add fuel before starting the engine. Never remove
the cap of the fuel tank or add fuel while the engine
is running or when the engine is hot.
This product is capable of amputating hands and feet and
throwing objects. Always follow all safety instructions to
avoid serious injury or death.
– If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine
but move the machine away from the area of
spillage and avoid creating any source of ignition
until fuel vapors have dissipated.
Training
• Read the instructions carefully. Be familiar with the
controls and the proper use of the equipment.
– Replace all fuel tanks and container caps securely.
• Never allow children or people unfamiliar with these
instructions to use the lawnmower. Local regulations
can restrict the age of the operator.
• Replace faulty silencers.
• Before using, always visually inspect to see that the
blades, blade bolts and cutter assembly are not worn or
damaged. Replace worn or damaged blades and bolts in
sets to preserve balance.
• Never mow while people, especially children, or pets
are nearby.
• Keep in mind that the operator or user is responsible for
accidents or hazards occurring to other people or their
property.
• On multi-bladed machines, take care as rotating one
blade can cause other blades to rotate.
• Do not carry passengers.
3
Operation
– change into neutral and set the parking brake;
• Do not operate the engine in a confined space where
dangerous carbon monoxide fumes can collect.
– stop the engine and remove the key.
• Disengage drive to attachments, stop the engine, and
disconnect the spark plug wire(s) or remove the ignition
key
• Mow only in daylight or in good artificial light.
• Before attempting to start the engine, disengage all
blade attachment clutches and shift into neutral.
– before clearing blockages or unclogging chute;
• Do not use on slopes of more than
– before checking, cleaning or working on the
lawnmower;
– 5when mowing on side hills;
– after striking a foreign object. Inspect the
lawnmower for damage and make repairs before
restarting and operating the equipment;
– 10 when mowing uphill;
– 15when mowing downhill.
– if the machine starts to vibrate abnormally (check
immediately).
• Remember there is no such thing as a safe slope. Travel
on grass slopes requires particular care. To guard
against overturning:
• Disengage drive to attachments when transporting or
not in use.
– do not stop or start suddenly when going up or
downhill;
• Stop the engine and disengage drive to attachment
– engage clutch slowly, always keep machine in gear,
especially when travelling downhill;
– before refuelling;
– before removing the grass catcher;
– machine speeds should be kept low on slopes and
during tight turns;
– before making height adjustment unless adjustment
can be made from the operator’s position.
– stay alert for humps and hollows and other hidden
hazards;
• Reduce the throttle setting during engine run-out and, if
the engine is provided with a shut-off valve, turn the
fuel off at the conclusion of mowing.
– never mow across the face of the slope, unless the
lawnmower is designed for this purpose.
• Use care when pulling loads or using heavy equipment.
Maintenance and Storage
– Use only approved drawbar hitch points.
• Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
– Limit loads to those you can safely control.
• Never store the equipment with fuel in the tank inside a
building where fumes can reach an open flame or spark.
– Do not turn sharply. Use care when reversing.
– Use counterweight(s) or wheel weights when
suggested in the instruction handbook.
• Allow the engine to cool before storing in any
enclosure.
• Watch out for traffic when crossing or near roadways.
• To reduce the fire hazard, keep the engine, silencer,
battery compartment and fuel storage area free of grass,
leaves, or excessive grease.
• Stop the blades rotating before crossing surfaces other
than grass.
• When using any attachments, never direct discharge of
material toward bystanders nor allow anyone near the
machine while in operation.
• Check the grass catcher frequently for wear or
deterioration.
• Replace worn or damaged parts for safety.
• Never operate the machine with damaged guards or
without safety protective devices in place.
• If the fuel tank has to be drained, this should be done
outdoors.
• Do not change the engine governor settings or
overspeed the engine. Operating the engine at excessive
speed can increase the hazard of personal injury.
• On multi-bladed machines, take care as rotating one
blade can cause other blades to rotate.
• When machine is to be parked, stored or left
unattended, lower the cutting means unless a positive
mechanical lock is used.
• Before leaving the operator’s position:
– disengage the power take-off and lower the
attachments;
4
Toro Riding Mower Safety
The following list contains safety information specific to
Toro products or other safety information that you must
know that is not included in the CEN standard.
• Use only Toro-approved attachments. Warranty may be
voided if used with unapproved attachments.
Sound Pressure Level
This unit has an equivalent continuous A-weighted sound
pressure at the operator ear of: 87 dB(A), based on
measurements of identical machines per procedures
outlined in Machine Directive 98/37/EC and amendments.
Sound Power Level
This unit has a sound power level of: 100 Lwa, based on
measurements of identical machines per procedures
outlined in Noise Directive 2000/14/EC and amendments.
Vibration Level
This unit has a maximum hand-arm vibration level of
10.0 m/s2 and whole body vibration level of 0.4 m/s2, based
on measurements of identical machines per EN 1033 and
EN 1032.
5
6
Slope Chart
7
8
Safety and Instruction Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area
of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
92-5730
1. Choke
2. Throttle—fast
3. Throttle—slow
93-6676
1. To set the parking brake, push the clutch/brake pedal, lift the
parking brake lever, and take your foot off of the clutch/brake
pedal.
2. To release the parking brake, push the clutch/brake pedal.
3. Press on the top of the traction control pedal to move forward
or the bottom of the pedal to move backward.
4. Warning—read the operator’s manual.
5. Warning—tipping hazard. Do not drive across slopes greater
than 5 degrees, up slopes greater than 10 degrees, or down
slopes greater than 15 degrees.
6. Thrown object hazard—keep bystanders away.
7. Thrown object hazard from mower—keep the deflector in
place.
8. Cutting/dismemberment hazard of hands or feet—stay away
from rotating blades and moving parts.
9. Crushing/dismemberment hazard—keep bystanders away.
93-6673
1. Parking brake
2. PTO—engage
3. PTO—disengage
99-2986
1. Crushing and dismemberment hazard—look back and down
while backing up.
2. Do not activate the operating-in-reverse feature when
bystanders are present.
3. Keep children away.
9
104-4164
1. Contains lead,—do not
throw the battery in the
garbage.
2. Recycle
3. Wear eye
protection—explosive gases
can cause blindness and
other injuries.
4. No sparks, flame, or
smoking
5. Sulfuric acid can cause
blindness or severe burns.
6. Flush eyes immediately with
water and get medical help
fast.
7. Maximum fill line
8. Minimum fill line
9. Instructions for activating the
battery.
104-4163
1. Explosion hazard
2. No sparks, flame, or
smoking
3. Caustic liquid
hazard—burns to hand
and damage to items
99-8141
1. Headlights
2. Engine off
3. Engine on
4. Wear eye protection
5. Read the operator’s
manual
6. Keep bystanders away
4. Engine start
5. Operating-in-reverse light
99-5340
1. KeyChoice—turn to mow in reverse.
10
Gasoline and Oil
Recommended Gasoline
Use UNLEADED Regular Gasoline suitable for automotive
use (85 pump octane minimum). Leaded regular gasoline
may be used if unleaded regular is not available.
Important Never use methanol, gasoline containing
methanol, or gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol
because the fuel system could be damaged. Do not mix oil
with gasoline.
100-7449
1. To push the tractor, pull
the lever out.
2. To operate the tractor,
push the lever in.
Danger
3. Read the operator’s
manual for maintenance
procedures.
4. Do not tow.
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area,
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any gasoline
that spills.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add
gasoline to the fuel tank until the level is 1/4 to
1/2 in. (6 to 13 mm) below the bottom of the
filler neck. This empty space in the tank allows
gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where gasoline
fumes may be ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container and
keep it out of the reach of children. Never buy
more than a 30-day supply of gasoline.
• Always place gasoline containers on the ground
away from your vehicle before filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle or
on a truck or trailer bed because interior
carpets or plastic truck bed liners may insulate
the container and slow the loss of any static
charge.
• When practical, remove gas-powered equipment
from the truck or trailer and refuel the
equipment with its wheels on the ground.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser
nozzle.
• If a gasoline dispenser nozzle must be used, keep
the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel
tank or container opening at all times until
fueling is complete.
11
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner
Operation
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to provide
the following benefits:
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine
from the normal operating position.
• Keeps gasoline fresh during storage of 90 days or less.
For longer storage, drain the fuel tank
Think Safety First
• Cleans the engine while it runs
Please carefully read all of the safety instructions and
decals in the safety section. Knowing this information
could help you, your family, pets or bystanders avoid
injury.
• Eliminates gum-like varnish buildup in the fuel system,
which causes hard starting
Important Do not use fuel additives containing
methanol or ethanol.
Controls
Add the correct amount of gas stabilizer/conditioner to the
gas.
Become familiar with all of the controls (Fig. 2) before you
start the engine and operate the machine.
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective when
mixed with fresh gasoline. To minimize the chance of
varnish deposits in the fuel system, use fuel stabilizer at all
times.
1
10
2
9
Filling the Fuel Tank
3
1. Shut the engine off and set the parking brake.
4
2. Clean around the fuel tank cap and remove the cap. Add
unleaded regular gasoline to the fuel tank until the level
is 1/4 to 1/2 in. (6 to 13 mm) below the bottom of the
filler neck. This space in the tank allows gasoline to
expand. Do not fill the fuel tank completely full.
11
6
5
8
3. Install the fuel tank cap securely. Wipe up any gasoline
that may have spilled.
7
Checking the Engine Oil Level
12
Before you start the engine and use the machine, check the
oil level in the engine crankcase; refer to Checking the Oil
Level, page 20.
m–4300
Figure 2
1. Steering wheel
2. Light switch—on/off
(selected models)
3. Ignition switch
4. Clutch/brake pedal
5. Blade control (PTO)
6. Ground speed selector
12
7. Height-of-cut lever
(deck lift)
8. Parking brake lever
9. Throttle lever
10. Hood opening
11. Operating-in-reverse light
12. KeyChoice switch
Parking Brake
Always set the parking brake when you stop the machine or
leave it unattended.
1
Setting the Parking Brake
1. Push the brake pedal (Fig. 3) down and hold it in the
depressed position.
2. Lift the parking brake lever (Fig. 3) up and gradually
take your foot off of the brake pedal. The brake pedal
should stay in the depressed (locked) position.
1862
Figure 4
Releasing the Parking Brake
1. Adjustment knob
1. Push down on the brake pedal (Fig. 3). The parking
brake lever should release.
Headlights
2. Gradually release the brake pedal.
Headlights are optional on some models. A dash-mounted
On/Off switch (Fig. 2) controls the headlights. The lights
only shine while the engine is running and the switch is On.
1
2
Using the Blade Control (PTO)
The blade control (PTO) engages and disengages power to
the blade(s).
Engaging the Blade(s)
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
2. Move the blade control (PTO) to Engaged (Fig. 5).
1858
2
Figure 3
1. Brake pedal
2. Parking brake lever
1
Positioning the Seat
The seat can move forward and backward. Position the seat
where you have the best control of the machine and are
most comfortable.
1. Raise the seat and loosen the adjustment knob (Fig. 4).
3
2. Move the seat to the desired position and tighten the
knob.
Figure 5
1. Disengaged
2. Engaged
13
3. Blade control (PTO)
1852
Disengaging the Blade(s)
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
Starting and Stopping the
Engine
2. Move the blade control (PTO) to Disengaged (Fig. 5).
Starting
1. Sit down on the seat.
Setting the Height of Cut
2. Set the parking brake; refer to Setting the Parking
Brake, page 13.
The height-of-cut lever (deck lift) is used to raise and lower
the mower to the desired cutting height.
Note: The engine will not start unless you set the parking
brake or fully depress the brake pedal.
1. The cutting height may be set in one of seven positions
from approximately 1 to 4 in. (25 to 102 mm).
3. Move the PTO to Disengaged (Fig. 7).
2. Pull on the height-of-cut lever (deck lift) and move it to
the desired position (Fig. 6).
2
1
1 in. (25 mm)
1
1-1/2 in. (38 mm)
1852
2 in. (51 mm)
3
2-1/2 in. (64 mm)
3 in. (76 mm)
Figure 7
3-1/2 in. (89 mm)
4 in. (102 mm)
1. Disengaged
2. Engaged
1881
3. Blade control (PTO)
Figure 6
4. Move the throttle lever to Choke (Fig. 8).
1. Height-of-cut lever (deck lift)
Note: An engine that has been running and is warm may
not require step 4.
1
2
3
1859
Figure 8
1. Choke
2. Fast
3. Slow
5. Turn the ignition key clockwise and hold it in the Start
position (Fig. 9). When the engine starts, release the
key.
Important If the engine does not start after 30 seconds
of continuous cranking, turn the ignition key to Off and let
the starter motor cool; refer to Troubleshooting, page 31.
14
3
Setting the KeyChoice Switch to
Operate in Reverse
2
An interlock feature on the tractor prevents the power take
off (PTO) from operating when backing up. If you shift into
reverse with the PTO engaged (i.e., with mower blades or
other attachment running), the engine will stop. Do not
mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
If you need to use the PTO while backing up, you can turn
off this interlock feature using the KeyChoice switch
located near the seat bracket (Fig. 10).
1
Figure 9
1. Start
2. On
3. Off
Danger
You could back over a child or bystander while the
mower blade(s) or other attachment is engaged
and cause serious injury or death.
6. After the engine starts, slowly move the throttle lever to
Fast (Fig. 8). If the engine stalls or hesitates, move the
throttle lever back to Choke for a few seconds. Then
move the throttle lever to Fast. Repeat this as required.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary.
• Do not insert the KeyChoice key unless it is
absolutely necessary.
• Always look backward and down before
backing up.
• Use the KeyChoice switch only if you are certain
no children or other bystanders will enter the
mowing area.
• Be very observant after deactivating the
interlock because the sound of the engine may
prevent you from noticing that a child or
bystander has entered the work area.
• Always remove both the ignition and KeyChoice
keys and put them in a safe place out of the
reach of children or unauthorized users when
leaving the unit unattended.
Stopping
1. Move the throttle lever to Fast (Fig. 8).
2. Turn the ignition key to Off and remove the key
(Fig. 9).
The Safety Interlock System
Understanding the Safety Interlock
System
The safety interlock system is designed to prevent the
engine from starting unless:
• You are sitting on the seat.
• The brake pedal is depressed.
1. Engage the PTO.
• The PTO is disengaged.
2. Insert the KeyChoice key into the switch (Fig. 10).
The safety interlock system is designed to stop the engine
if:
• You rise from the seat when the brake pedal is released.
• You rise from the seat when the PTO is engaged.
1
• You shift into reverse with the PTO engaged.
m–4157
Figure 10
1. KeyChoice switch
15
4. Put the PTO lever in the Disengage position, the
traction control pedal in neutral, and set the parking
brake. Start the engine. While the engine is running,
move the PTO lever to the Engage position and move
the traction control pedal to reverse. The engine should
stop.
3. Turn the KeyChoice key.
A red light on the front console (Fig. 11) turns on,
indicating that the interlock is disabled.
5. Put the PTO lever in the Disengage position, the
traction control pedal in neutral, and set the parking
brake. Start the engine. Move the PTO lever to the
Engage position and turn the KeyChoice key and
release it. The operating-in-reverse warning light should
illuminate. Move the PTO lever to the Disengage
position and the operating-in-reverse warning light
should turn off.
1
m–1863
Pushing the Machine by Hand
Figure 11
1. Operating-in-reverse light
Important Always push the machine by hand. Never
tow the machine because transaxle damage may occur.
4. Shift into reverse and complete your task.
To Push the Machine
5. Stop the PTO of the engine to activate the interlock.
1. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
6. Remove the KeyChoice key and put it in a safe place
out of reach of children.
2. Pull the drive control out to the Push position. This
disengages the drive system and allows the wheels to
turn freely (Fig. 12).
Testing the Safety System
To Operate the Machine
Caution
Push the drive control in to the Operate position. This
engages the drive system (Fig. 12).
If safety interlock switches are disconnected or
damaged the machine could operate unexpectedly
causing personal injury.
Note: The machine will not drive unless the drive control is
in the Operate position.
• Do not tamper with the interlock switches.
• Check the operation of the interlock switches
daily and replace any damaged switches before
operating the machine.
1
Test the safety system before you use the machine each
time. If the safety system does not operate as described
below, have an Authorized Service Dealer repair the safety
system immediately. While sitting in the seat, perform the
following checks.
1. Set the parking brake. Move the PTO to Engaged. Turn
the ignition key to Start; the engine should not crank.
2
2. Move the PTO to Disengaged and release the parking
brake. Turn the ignition key to Start; the engine should
not crank.
m–4974
Figure 12
1. Operate position
3. Set the parking brake and move the PTO to Disengaged.
Start the engine. While the engine is running, release
the parking brake and rise slightly from the seat; the
engine should stop.
16
2. Push position
Driving Forward or Backward
Stopping the Machine
The throttle control regulates the engine speed as measured
in RPM (revolutions per minute). Place the throttle control
in the Fast position for best performance.
To stop the machine, release the traction control pedal,
disengage the PTO, and turn the ignition key to Off to stop
the engine. Also set the parking brake if you leave the
machine unattended; refer to Setting the Parking Brake,
page 13. Remember to remove the key from the ignition
switch.
To go forward or backward, release the parking brake; refer
to Releasing the Parking Brake, page 13. Place your foot on
the traction control pedal and slowly press on the top of the
traction control pedal to move forward or on the bottom of
the traction control pedal to move backward (Fig. 13). The
farther you move the traction control pedal in either
direction, the faster the machine will move in that direction.
Caution
To slow down, release the pressure on the traction control
pedal.
Children or bystanders may be injured if they
move or attempt to operate the tractor while it is
unattended.
Important To avoid transmission damage, always
release the parking brake before moving the traction control
pedal.
Always remove the ignition and KeyChoice keys
and set the parking brake when leaving the
machine unattended, even if just for a few minutes.
2
3
1
1861
Figure 13
1. Traction control pedal
2. Forward
3. Backward
17
Tips for Mowing Grass
When Stopping
Fast Throttle Setting
If the machine must be stopped while mowing, a clump of
grass clippings may drop onto your lawn. To avoid this:
For best mowing and maximum air circulation, operate the
engine at Fast. Air is required to thoroughly cut grass
clippings, so do not set the height of cut too low or totally
surround the mower by uncut grass. Always try to have one
side of the mower free from uncut grass, which allows air
to be drawn into the mower.
1. With the blade(s) Engaged, move onto a previously cut
area.
2. To disperse the clippings evenly, raise the mower one or
two height-of-cut settings while driving forward with
the blade(s) Engaged.
Cutting a Lawn for the First Time
Keep the Underside of the Mower Clean
Cut the grass slightly longer than normal to ensure that the
cutting height of the mower does not scalp any uneven
ground. However, the cutting height used in the past is
generally the best one to use. When cutting grass longer
than 6 in. (15 cm), you may want to cut the lawn twice to
ensure an acceptable quality-of-cut.
Use the washout port to clean clippings and dirt from the
underside of the mower after each use. If grass and dirt
build up inside the mower, cutting quality will eventually
become unsatisfactory.
Cut 1/3 of the Grass Blade
Maintain a sharp blade throughout the cutting season
because a sharp blade cuts cleanly without tearing or
shredding the grass blades. Tearing and shredding turns
grass brown at the edges, which slows growth and increases
the chance of disease. Every 30 days, check the cutter
blade(s) for sharpness and file down any nicks.
Blade Maintenance
It is best to cut only about 1/3 of the grass blade. Cutting
more than that is not recommended, unless grass is sparse
or it is late fall when grass grows more slowly.
Mowing Direction
Alternate mowing direction to keep the grass standing
straight. This also helps disperse clippings which enhances
decomposition and fertilization.
Mow at Correct Intervals
Normally, mow every 4 days. But remember, grass grows at
different rates at different times. So to maintain the same
cutting height, which is a good practice, mow more often in
early spring. As the grass growth rate slows in mid summer,
mow less frequently. If you cannot mow for an extended
period, first mow at a high cutting height; then mow again
2 days later at a lower height setting.
Avoid Cutting Too Low
If the cutting width of the mower is wider than the mower
you previously used, raise the cutting height one notch to
ensure that uneven turf is not cut too short.
Long Grass
If the grass is ever allowed to grow slightly longer than
normal, or if it contains a high degree of moisture, raise the
cutting height higher than usual and cut the grass at this
setting. Then cut the grass again using the lower, normal
setting.
18
Maintenance
Recommended Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
After first 5 hours of use
• Change the engine oil.
Each use
• Check the engine oil level.
• Check the safety system.
• Check the battery electrolyte.
Every 5 hours
• Check the brakes.
Every 25 hours
•
•
•
•
Every 50 hours
• Change the engine oil.2
Every 100 hours
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change the oil filter.2
Service the paper air cleaner.1
Replace the spark plug.
Replace the fuel filter.
Clean the cooling system.1
Check the transaxle fluid.
Before storage
•
•
•
•
•
Perform all of the maintenance procedures listed above.
Check the belts for wear/cracks.
Drain the fuel tank.
Paint chipped surfaces.
Charge the battery and disconnect the cables.
After storage
•
•
•
•
•
Check the safety system.
Check the brakes.
Check the spark plug.
Check the battery electrolyte.
Check the tire pressure.
1More
2More
Grease the chassis.1
Service the foam air cleaner.1
Check the spark plug.
Check the tire pressure.
often in dusty, dirty conditions
often when operating the engine under heavy load or in high temperatures
Important
Refer to your engine operator’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
Caution
If you leave the key in the ignition switch, someone could accidently start the engine and
seriously injure you or other bystanders.
Remove the key from the ignition and disconnect the wire from the spark plug before you do any
maintenance. Set the wire aside so that it does not accidentally contact the spark plug.
19
Servicing the Engine Oil
5. Screw the oil dipstick fully onto the fill hole. Unscrew
the dipstick again and look at the metal end. If the oil
level is low, slowly pour only enough oil into the fill
hole to raise the level to the Full mark on the dipstick.
Check the oil level daily or after every 8 hours.
Change the oil after the first 5 operating hours and every 50
operating hours thereafter.
Important Do not overfill the crankcase with oil
because the engine may be damaged.
Note: Change the oil more frequently when operating
conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Changing and Draining the Oil
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SF, SG, SH, SJ, or
higher)
1. Start the engine and let it run for five minutes. This
warms the oil so that it drains better.
Crankcase Capacity: 48 oz./1-1/2 qt. (1400 cc/1.4 l) when
the filter is not changed; 56 oz./1-3/4 qt.
(1700 cc/1.7 l) when the filter is changed
2. Park the machine so that the left side is slightly lower
than the right side to ensure that the oil drains
completely. Then disengage the PTO, set the parking
brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition key.
Disconnect the spark plug.
Viscosity: See the table below.
USE THESE SAE VISCOSITY OILS
3. Open the hood.
4. Place a pan below the drain plug and remove it
(Fig. 15).
1
–20
°F
0
–30
°C
–20
20
–10
40
0
60
10
80
20
100
30
40
Checking the Oil Level
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the PTO,
set the parking brake, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
2
Figure 15
1. Oil dipstick
2. Open the hood.
3. Clean around the oil dipstick (Fig. 15) so that dirt
cannot fall into the fill hole and damage the engine.
2
2. Oil drain plug
5. When the oil has drained completely, install the drain
plug.
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified recycling center.
1
6. Change the oil filter, if necessary (Fig. 16).
7. Slowly pour approximately 80% of the specified
amount of oil into the fill hole (Fig. 15). Check the oil
level; refer to Checking the Oil Level, page 20,
steps 4–5.
1868
Figure 14
1. Oil dipstick
2. Metal end
4. Unscrew the oil dipstick and wipe the metal end clean
(Fig. 14).
20
Changing the Oil Filter
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use a
paper towel to clean the battery and battery box. If the
battery terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution
of four parts water and one part baking soda. Apply a light
coating of grease to the battery terminals to prevent
corrosion.
Replace the oil filter every 100 hours or every other oil
change.
Note: Change the oil filter more frequently when operating
conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Voltage: 12 v, 155 Cold Cranking Amps
1. Drain the oil from the engine; refer to Changing and
Draining the Oil, page 20.
Removing the Battery
2. Remove the old filter and wipe the filter adapter
(Fig. 16) gasket surface.
Warning
3. Apply a thin coat of new oil to the rubber gasket on the
replacement filter (Fig. 16).
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal tractor components causing sparks.
Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode,
resulting in personal injury.
3
• When removing or installing the battery, do not
allow the battery terminals to touch any metal
parts of the tractor.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between the
battery terminals and metal parts of the tractor.
2
1
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the ignition key.
1256
Figure 16
1. Oil filter
2. Gasket
2. Tip the seat forward to see the battery.
3. Adapter
3. Disconnect the negative (black) ground cable from the
battery post (Fig. 17).
4. Install the replacement oil filter to the filter adapter.
Turn the oil filter clockwise until the rubber gasket
contacts the filter adapter, then tighten the filter an
additional 1/2 to 3/4 turn (Fig. 16).
Warning
Incorrect battery cable routing could damage the
tractor and cables causing sparks. Sparks can
cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in
personal injury.
5. Slowly pour approximately 80% of the specified
amount of oil into the fill hole (Fig. 15). Check the oil
level; refer to Checking the Oil Level, page 20, steps 4
and 5.
• Always disconnect the negative (black) battery
cable before disconnecting the positive (red)
cable.
• Always connect the positive (red) battery cable
before connecting the negative (black) cable.
Servicing the Battery
Warning
4. Slide the rubber cover up the positive (red) cable.
Disconnect the positive (red) cable from the battery post
(Fig. 17).
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer
and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
5. Remove the battery box and battery from the chassis
(Fig. 17).
21
1
2
5
2
3
m–5004
Figure 18
1
1. Vent caps
2. Upper line
4
3
3. Lower line
m–4965
Figure 17
1. Negative cable (black)
2. Rubber cover
3. Positive cable (red)
Danger
4. Battery box
5. Bolt and wing nut
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid which is a
deadly poison and causes severe burns.
• Do not drink electrolyte and avoid contact with
skin, eyes or clothing. Wear safety glasses to
shield your eyes and rubber gloves to protect
your hands.
• Fill the battery where clean water is always
available for flushing the skin.
Installing the Battery
1. Put the battery into the battery box and install it into the
chassis (Fig. 17).
2. Using the bolt and wing nut, connect the positive (red)
cable to the positive (+) battery post (Fig. 17). Slide the
rubber cover over the battery post.
Adding Water to the Battery
3. Using the bolt and wing nut, connect the negative
(black) cable to the negative (–) battery post (Fig. 17).
The best time to add distilled water to the battery is just
before you operate the machine. This lets the water mix
thoroughly with the electrolyte solution.
Checking the Electrolyte Level
1. Remove the battery from the tractor; refer to Removing
the Battery, page 21.
1. Tip the seat forward to see the battery.
2. Clean the top of the battery with a paper towel.
2. Look at the side of the battery. The electrolyte must be
up to the Upper line (Fig. 18). Do not allow the
electrolyte to fall below the Lower line (Fig. 18).
Important Never fill the battery with distilled water
while the battery is installed in the tractor. Electrolyte could
be spilled on other parts and cause corrosion.
3. If the electrolyte is low, add the required amount of
distilled water; refer to Adding Water to the Battery,
page 22.
3. Remove the vent caps from the battery (Fig. 18).
4. Slowly pour distilled water into each battery cell until
the electrolyte level is up to the Upper line (Fig. 18) on
the battery case.
Important Do not overfill the battery because
electrolyte (sulfuric acid) can cause severe corrosion and
damage to the chassis.
5. Wait five to ten minutes after filling the battery cells.
Add distilled water, if necessary, until the electrolyte
level is up to the Upper line (Fig. 18) on the battery
case.
6. Install the battery vent caps.
22
Charging the Battery
Checking the Brake
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the PTO,
set the parking brake, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
Warning
Charging the battery produces gasses that can
explode.
2. Move the drive control wire to the Push position; refer
to Pushing the Machine by Hand, page 16.
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and
flames away from battery.
3. If the rear wheels lock and skid when you push the
tractor forward, no adjustment is required. An
adjustment is required if the wheels turn and do not
lock; refer to Adjusting the Brake, page 23.
Important Always keep the battery fully charged
(1.260 specific gravity). This is especially important to
prevent battery damage when the temperature is below
32°F (0°C).
Adjusting the Brake
1. Check the brake before you adjust it; refer to Checking
the Brake, page 23.
1. Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to Removing
the Battery, page 21.
2. Remove the brake arm spring (Fig. 20).
2. Check the electrolyte level; refer to Checking the
Electrolyte Level, page 22.
3. Remove the cotter pin securing the brake adjusting nut
and slightly loosen the nut (Fig. 20).
3. Make sure that the vent caps are installed in the battery.
Charge the battery for 1 hour at 25 to 30 amps or 6
hours at 4 to 6 amps. Do not overcharge the battery.
4. Insert a 0.015 in. (0.38 mm) feeler gauge between the
brake disc and brake puck (Fig. 20). Tighten the nut
until slight resistance is felt on the feeler gauge when
sliding it in and out.
4. When the battery is fully charged, unplug the charger
from the electrical outlet, then disconnect the charger
leads from the battery posts (Fig. 19).
5. Install a new cotter pin and reattach the brake arm
spring.
6. Check the brake operation again; refer to Checking the
Brake, page 23.
4
2
1
Important With the parking brake released, the rear
wheels must rotate freely when you push the tractor. If the
.015 in. (0.38 mm) clearance and free wheel rotation cannot
be achieved, contact your service dealer immediately.
3
2
.015 in.
(0.38 mm)
1
m–4970
Figure 19
1. Positive Battery Post
2. Negative Battery Post
3. Red (+) Charger Lead
4. Black (–) Charger Lead
5. Install the battery in the tractor and connect the battery
cables; refer to Installing the Battery, page 22.
m–4981
Note: Do not run the tractor with the battery disconnected,
electrical damage may occur.
Figure 20
1. Brake arm spring
Servicing the Brake
The brake is on the right side of the rear axle, inside the
rear tire (Fig. 20). If the parking brake does not hold
securely, an adjustment is required.
23
2. Brake adjusting nut
Greasing and Lubrication
Removing the Foam and Paper Elements
Grease the machine after every 25 operating hours or once
a year, whichever occurs first. Grease more frequently
when operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the ignition key.
Grease Type: General-purpose grease
3. Clean around the air cleaner to prevent dirt from getting
into the engine and causing damage. Pull up on the air
cleaner cover handle and rotate it toward the engine
(Fig. 22). Remove the air cleaner cover.
2. Open the hood.
How to Grease
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the ignition key.
2
1
2. Clean the grease fittings with a rag. Make sure to scrape
any paint off of the front of the fittings.
3. Connect a grease gun to the fitting. Pump grease into
the fittings.
4. Wipe up any excess grease.
Where to Add Grease
Lubricate the front wheels and steering spindles until
grease begins to ooze out of the bearings (Fig. 21).
Figure 22
1. Air cleaner cover
2. Air cleaner cover handle
4. Carefully slide the paper element and foam element
from the blower housing (Fig. 23).
1
2
2346
Figure 21
Servicing the Air Cleaner
Foam Element: Clean after every 25 operating hours, or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
Paper Element: Replace after every 100 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
Note: Service the air cleaner more frequently (every few
hours) if operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
5 4
Figure 23
1. Paper element
2. Foam element
3. Air cleaner cover
24
4. Tab
5. Slot
3
Cleaning the Foam and Paper Elements
Servicing the Spark Plug
Foam Element:
Install a new spark plug after every 100 operating hours.
Check the spark plug after every 25 operating hours. Make
sure that the air gap between the center and side electrodes
is correct before installing the spark plug. Use a spark plug
wrench for removing and installing the spark plug and a
gapping tool/feeler gauge to check and adjust the air gap.
1. Wash the foam element in liquid soap and warm water.
When the element is clean, rinse it thoroughly.
2. Dry the element by squeezing it in a clean cloth. Do not
oil the element.
Important
worn.
Type: Champion RC12YC (or equivalent)
Replace the foam element if it is torn or
Air Gap: 0.030 in. (0.76 mm).
Paper Element:
Removing the Spark Plug
1. Lightly tap the element on a flat surface to remove dust
and dirt.
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the engine key.
2. Carefully clean the rubber seal on the paper element to
prevent debris from entering the engine.
2. Open the hood.
3. Inspect the element for tears, an oily film, and damage
to the rubber seal.
3. Pull the wire off of the spark plug (Fig. 24). Clean
around the spark plug to prevent dirt from falling into
the engine and potentially causing damage.
Important Never clean the paper element with
pressurized air or liquids, such as solvent, gas, or kerosene.
Replace the paper element if it is damaged or cannot be
cleaned thoroughly.
4. Remove the spark plug and metal washer.
Installing the Foam and Paper Elements
1
Important To prevent engine damage, always operate
the engine with the complete foam and paper air cleaner
assembly installed.
1. Place the foam element and paper element into the
blower housing.
Note: Make sure that the rubber seal is flat against the air
cleaner base.
2. Align the tabs on the air cleaner cover with the slots of
the blower housing (Fig. 23). Hook the handle onto the
cover and press down on the handle to lock the cover in
place.
Figure 24
1. Spark plug wire
3. Close the hood.
Checking the Spark Plug
1. Look at the center of the spark plug (Fig. 25). If you see
light brown or gray on the insulator, the engine is
operating properly. A black coating on the insulator
usually means the air cleaner is dirty.
Important Never clean the spark plug. Always replace
the spark plug when it has a black coating, worn electrodes,
an oily film, or cracks.
2. Check the gap between the center and side electrodes
(Fig. 25). Bend the side electrode (Fig. 25) if the gap is
not correct.
25
2
Draining the Fuel Tank
3
1
Danger
0.030 in.
(0.76 mm)
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
• Drain gasoline from the fuel tank when the
engine is cold. Do this outdoors in an open area.
Wipe up any gasoline that spills.
• Never smoke when draining gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where a spark may
ignite the gasoline fumes.
1870
Figure 25
1. Center electrode insulator
2. Side electrode
3. Air gap (not to scale)
Installing the Spark Plug
2. Tighten the spark plug to 15 ft.-lb. (20 N⋅m).
1. Park the machine so that the left front side is slightly
lower than the right side to ensure that the fuel tank
drains completely. Then disengage the PTO, set the
parking brake, stop the engine, and remove the ignition
key.
3. Push the wire onto the spark plug (Fig. 24).
2. Open the hood and locate the fuel filter (Fig. 27).
4. Close the hood.
3. Squeeze the ends of the hose clamp together and slide it
up the fuel line toward the fuel tank (Fig. 27).
Checking the Tire Pressure
4. Pull the fuel line off of the filter (Fig. 27) and allow
gasoline to drain into a gas can or drain pan.
Maintain the air pressure in the front and rear tires at 20 psi
(138 kPa). Check the pressure at the valve stem after every
25 operating hours or yearly, whichever occurs first
(Fig. 26). Check the tires when they are cold to get the most
accurate pressure reading.
Note: Now is the best time to install a new fuel filter
because the fuel tank is empty.
1. Install the spark plug and metal washer. Make sure that
the air gap is set correctly.
5. Install the fuel line onto the filter. Slide the hose clamp
close to the filter to secure the fuel line and filter.
1
2
1
1872
Figure 26
1. Valve stem
3
Figure 27
1. Hose clamp
2. Fuel line
26
3. Filter
Replacing the Fuel Filter
1-1/4 in. max.
(32 mm)
Replace the fuel filter after every 100 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
The best time to replace the fuel filter (Fig. 27) is when the
fuel tank is empty. Never install a dirty filter if it is
removed from the fuel line.
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the ignition key.
1
m–4983
2. Open the hood.
Figure 28
3. Squeeze the ends of the hose clamps together and slide
them away from the filter (Fig. 27).
1. Fill plug
4. Remove the filter from the fuel lines.
4. Install the fill plug.
5. Install a new filter and move the hose clamps close to
the filter.
Servicing the Fuse
6. Close the hood.
The electrical system is protected by fuses. No maintenance
is required, however, if a fuse blows, check the circuit
wiring for a short. To replace a fuse, pull up (Fig. 29) to
remove it from the socket. Push down to insert it.
Servicing the Transaxle Fluid
Check the fluid level after every 100 hours or yearly,
whichever occurs first. Always keep the fluid level at the
full level when the transaxle is cold.
Fuse: 10 amp, blade-type
1
Note: The transaxle is factory sealed and does not require
oil changes.
Fluid Type: SAE 20W-50 engine oil (API service SH/CD
recommended)
2
Checking the Fluid Level
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the PTO,
set the parking brake, stop the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
1672
Figure 29
2. Clean around the fill plug (Fig. 28) so that dirt cannot
fall into the reservoir if fluid needs to be added.
1. Fuse (removed)
3. Remove the fill plug and check the fluid level. The
level should be a maximum of 1-1/4 in. (32 mm) below
the top of the fill port (Fig. 28). Add oil if necessary.
27
2. Socket
Servicing the Headlights
Installing the Bulb
Specification: Bulb #1156, automotive type
1. The bulb has metal pins on the side of its base. Align
the pins with the slots in the bulb holder and insert the
base into the holder (Fig. 31). Push and rotate the bulb
clockwise until it stops.
Removing the Bulb
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the ignition key.
1
2. Open the hood. Pull the wire connectors off of both of
the bulb holder terminals.
2
2
4
3. Rotate the bulb holder 1/4 turn counterclockwise and
remove it from the reflector (Fig. 30).
3
4. Push and rotate the bulb counterclockwise until it stops
(approx. 1/4 turn) and remove the bulb from the bulb
holder (Fig. 31).
4
1875
5
5
Figure 31
1
1. Bulb
2. Metal pins
3
3. Bulb holder
4. Slots
4
2
2. Align the two tabs on the bulb holder with the slots in
the reflector (Fig. 30). Insert the bulb holder into the
reflector and rotate it 1/4 turn clockwise until it stops.
3. Push the wire connectors onto the terminals on the bulb
holder.
4
1874
Figure 30
1. Bulb holder
2. Reflector
3. Tabs
4. Slots
5. Terminals
28
Wiring Diagram
KEY SWITCH
OFF
NO CONNECTION
ON
BIA
START
AND X Y
WIRE COLOR CODES
BIS
S4
XL SCH.
(IGNITION)
X
A
I
S
I
A
BU
OR
R
PK
PINK
BU
BK
BLACK
GY
GREY
Y
YELLOW
W
WHITE
T
TAN
B
VIO
VIOLET
GN
GREEN
R
RED
OR
ORANGE
KEY SW
PK
BROWN
BLUE
S
B
Y
BN
F2
R
R
10A
BATTERY
1
SHOWN WITH
S2
(PTO)
GND
PTO DISENGAGED
2
PK
3
GY
FUEL SOLENIOD
BU
GY
T
S5
ALTERNATOR
F1
VIO
SEAT
CLOSED WHEN OPERATOR
S3
IS IN THE SEAT
10A
R
STARTER
OVER RIDE
T
R
MOMENTARY
KEY SWITCH
3
Y
2
VIO
S1
OR
(NEUTRAL SW)
SHOWN IN
1
GN
NEUTRAL
SOLENOID
MAGNETO
W
Y
LIGHT COIL
F3
Y
OR
GN W
10A
K1
3
GY
5
4
NMIR MODULE
6
VIO
OR
S6
(REVERSE)
(KILL RELAY)
2
1
GY
SWITCH OPENS
IN REVERSE
VIO
S7
GN
BN
T
BK
HEADLIGHT HARNESS
2
BN
LAMP
5
4
(OVER RIDE)
1
BK
BK
3
GND
29
(LIGHT SWITCH)
Cleaning and Storage
8. Remove the spark plug(s) and check its condition; refer
to Servicing the Spark Plug, page 25. With the spark
plug(s) removed from the engine, pour two tablespoons
of engine oil into the spark plug hole. Now use the
electric starter to crank the engine and distribute the oil
inside the cylinder. Install the spark plug(s); refer to
Servicing the Spark Plug, page 25. Do not install the
wire on the spark plug(s).
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and remove the ignition and KeyChoice keys.
2. Remove grass clippings, dirt, and grime from the
external parts of the entire machine, especially the
engine. Clean dirt and chaff from the outside of the
engine cylinder head fins and blower housing.
9. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Clean the battery
and battery terminals. Check the electrolyte level and
charge it fully; refer to Servicing the Battery, page 21.
Leave the negative battery cable disconnected from the
battery during storage.
Important You can wash the machine with mild
detergent and water. Do not use a pressure washer to
wash the machine. Pressure washing may damage the
electrical system or wash away necessary grease at friction
points. Avoid excessive use of water, especially near the
control panel, lights, engine, and the battery.
Important The battery must be fully charged to prevent
it from freezing and being damaged at temperatures below
32°F (0°C). A fully charged battery can be stored one
winter season without recharging.
3. Check the brake; refer to Servicing the Brake, page 23.
4. Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner, page 24.
10. Check the tire pressure; refer to Checking the Tire
Pressure, page 26.
5. Grease the chassis; refer to Greasing and Lubrication,
page 24.
11. Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws. Repair or
replace any part that is worn or damaged.
6. Change the crankcase oil and filter; refer to Servicing
the Engine Oil, page 20.
12. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint is
available from your Authorized Service Dealer.
7. For storage over 30 days, prepare the traction unit as
follows.
13. Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or storage area.
Remove the ignition and KeyChoice keys from the
machine and keep them in a memorable place. Cover
the machine to protect it and keep it clean.
A. Add a petroleum based stabilizer/conditioner to fuel
in the tank. Follow mixing instructions from
stabilizer manufacturer (1 oz. per gallon). Do not
use an alcohol based stabilizer (ethanol or
methanol).
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective
when mixed with fresh gasoline and used at all times.
B. Run the engine to distribute conditioned fuel
through the fuel system (5 minutes).
C. Stop the engine, allow it to cool, and drain the fuel
tank; refer to Draining the Fuel Tank, page 26.
D. Restart the engine and run it until it stops.
E. Choke or prime the engine.
F. Start and run the engine until it will not start again.
Use the primer, if equipped on machine, several
times to ensure that no fuel remains in the primer
system.
G. Dispose of fuel properly. Recycle as per local codes.
Important Do not store stabilizer/conditioned gasoline
over 90 days.
30
Troubleshooting
Problem
The starter does not engage.
The engine
g
will not start, starts
h d or ffails
hard,
il tto kkeep running.
i
The engine
g
loses power.
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. The blade control (PTO) is
engaged.
1. Move PTO to Disengaged.
2. The parking brake is not on.
2. Set the parking brake.
3. The battery is dead.
3. Charge the battery.
4. The electrical connections are
corroded or loose.
4. Check the electrical
connections for good contact.
5. A fuse is blown.
5. Replace the fuse.
6. A relay or switch is damaged.
6. Contact your Authorized
Service Dealer.
1. The operator is not seated.
1. Sit on the seat.
2. The fuel tank is empty.
2. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline.
3. The air cleaner is dirty.
3. Clean or replace the air cleaner
element.
4. The spark plug wire is loose or
disconnected.
4. Install the wire on the spark
plug.
5. The spark plug is pitted, fouled,
or the gap is incorrect.
5. Install a new, correctly-gapped
spark plug.
6. The choke is not closing.
6. Check for choke operation.
7. There is dirt in the fuel filter.
7. Replace the fuel filter.
8. The idle speed is too low or the
mixture is incorrect.
8. Contact your Authorized
Service Dealer.
9. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
fuel system.
9. Contact your Authorized
Service Dealer.
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed.
2. The air cleaner is dirty.
2. Clean the air cleaner element.
3. The oil level in the crankcase is
low.
3. Add oil to the crankcase.
4. The cooling fins and air
passages under the engine
blower housing are plugged.
4. Remove the obstruction from
the cooling fins and air
passages.
5. The spark plug is pitted, fouled,
or the gap is incorrect.
5. Install a new, correctly-gapped
spark plug.
6. The vent hole in the fuel cap is
plugged.
6. Clean or replace the fuel cap.
7. There is dirt in the fuel filter.
7. Replace the fuel filter.
8. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in the
fuel system.
8. Contact your Authorized
Service Dealer.
31
Problem
The engine
g
overheats.
The machine does not drive.
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed.
2. The oil level in the crankcase is
low.
2. Add oil to the crankcase.
3. The cooling fins and air
passages under the engine
blower housing are plugged.
3. Remove the obstruction from
the cooling fins and air
passages.
1. The drive control is in the Push
position.
1. Move the drive control to the
Operate position.
2. The traction belt is worn, loose,
or broken.
2. Contact your Authorized
Service Dealer.
3. The traction belt is off of the
pulley.
3. Contact your Authorized
Service Dealer.
32
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