Toro 266-H Lawn and Garden Tractor User manual

Toro 266-H Lawn and Garden Tractor User manual
Form No. 3326–685
266H
Wheel Horse Lawn and Garden Tractor
Model No. 72052—220000001 & Up
Operator’s Manual
English (EN)
Warning
Test Driving the Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Think Safety First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting and Stopping the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating the Power Take Off (PTO) . . . . . . . . .
Testing the Safety Interlock System . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator Control Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving Forward or Backward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Attachment Lift Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting Dial-A-Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Positioning the Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Positioning the Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . .
Pushing the Machine by Hand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Greasing and Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintaining Front Wheel Toe-In . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Toro Total Coverage Guarantee . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
Important The engine in this product is not equipped
with a spark arrester muffler. It is a violation of California
Public Resource Code Section 4442 to use or operate this
engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or
grass-covered land as defined in CPRC 4126. Other states
or federal areas may have similar laws.
The enclosed Engine Owner’s Manual is supplied for
information regarding The U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (PEA) and the California Emission
Control Regulation of emission systems, maintenance
and warranty.
Keep this engine Owner’s Manual with your unit.
Should this engine Owner’s Manual become damaged
or illegible, replace immediately. Replacements may be
ordered through the engine manufacturer.
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
ICES–002.
Ce système d’allumage par étincelle de véhicule est
conforme à la norme NMB–002 du Canada.
Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safe Operating Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Toro Riding Mower Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slope Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline and Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stabilizer/Conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filling the Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loose Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Activating the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Tractor Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating the Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Safety Interlock System . . . . . . . . .
2000 by The Toro Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
Page
2
3
3
4
7
9
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
Page
14
15
15
15
15
15
16
16
18
18
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
22
23
24
25
26
26
27
27
28
28
29
29
30
33
34
35
40
Introduction
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate and
maintain your product properly. The information in this
manual can help you and others avoid injury and product
damage. Although Toro designs and produces safe
products, you are responsible for operating the product
properly and safely.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model and
All Rights Reserved
2
Printed in the USA
serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1 illustrates
the location of the model and serial numbers on the
product.
attention to the safety alert
symbol, which means
CAUTION, WARNING, or DANGER—“personal
safety instruction.” Failure to comply with the
instruction may result in personal injury or death.
Safe Operating Practices
The following instructions are from ANSI standard
B71.1—1998.
This product is capable of amputating hands and feet and
throwing objects. Always follow all safety instructions to
avoid serious injury or death.
1
General Operation
m–2345
Figure 1
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
operator ’s manual and on the machine before starting.
1. Location of the model and serial numbers
• Allow only responsible adults who are familiar with
the instructions to operate the machine.
Write the product model and serial numbers in the space
below:
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc.,
which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.
Model No.
• Be sure the area is clear of other people before
mowing. Stop the machine if anyone enters the area.
Serial No.
• Never carry passengers.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while
backing.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has special
safety messages that help you and others avoid personal
injury and even death. Danger, Warning, and Caution are
signal words used to identify the level of hazard.
However, regardless of the hazard, be extremely careful.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not
point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without
either the entire grass catcher or the guard in place.
Danger signals an extreme hazard that will cause serious
injury or death if you do not follow the recommended
precautions.
• Slow down before turning.
• Never leave a running machine unattended. Always
turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting.
Warning signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or
death if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
• Turn off blades when not mowing.
Caution signals a hazard that may cause minor or
moderate injury if you do not follow the recommended
precautions.
• Stop the engine before removing the grass catcher or
unclogging the chute.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
This manual uses two other words to highlight
information. Important calls attention to special
mechanical information and Note: emphasizes general
information worthy of special attention.
• Do not operate the machine while under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
Safety
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
This machine meets or exceeds the B71.1–1998
specifications of the American National Standards
Institute, in effect at the time of production. However,
improper use or maintenance by the operator or owner
can result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury,
comply with these safety instructions and always pay
• Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields when operating mower.
3
• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above,
are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower–related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and others from
serious injury.
• Before and while backing, look behind and down for
small children.
• Never carry children, even with the blades off. They
may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
Slope Operation
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, the end of a fence or other objects that
may obscure vision.
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back
up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
Service
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
A. Use only an approved container.
• Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
B. Never remove the gas cap or add fuel when the
engine is running. Allow the engine to cool before
refueling. Do not smoke.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not
have to stop or shift while on the slope.
C. Never refuel the machine indoors.
• Follow Toro’s recommendations for wheel weight or
counterweights to improve stability.
D. Never store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, such as near a water
heater or furnace.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other
attachments. These can change the stability of the
machine.
• Never run a machine inside a closed area.
• Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual. Do
not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
• Keep nuts and bolts tight, especially the blade
attachment bolts. Keep equipment in good condition.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose
traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly
straight down the slope.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn
slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Keep the machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris
build-up. Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow the
machine to cool before storing.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
The machine could suddenly turn over if a wheel goes
over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage
and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or
allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check
components and replace with manufacturer’s
recommended parts, when necessary.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your
foot on the ground.
• Do not use a grass catcher on steep slopes.
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s)
or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing
them.
Children
• Use only genuine Toro replacement parts to ensure that
original standards are maintained.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that
children will remain where you last saw them.
Toro Riding Mower Safety
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
The following list contains safety information
specific to Toro products or other safety information
that you must know that is not included in the ANSI
standards.
• Be alert and turn the machine off if children enter the
area.
4
Warning
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, which
is an odorless, deadly poison that can kill you. It is
also known to the State of California to cause
birth defects.
Do not run engine indoors or in an enclosed area.
• Stop the engine, disconnect spark plug wire(s) and
remove key before performing any service, repairs,
maintenance or adjustments.
• Slow down before turning. Sharp turns on any terrain
may cause loss of control.
• Never leave a running machine unattended. Always
turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove the ignition and KeyChoice keys before
dismounting.
• Keep hands, feet, hair and loose clothing away from
attachment discharge area, underside of mower and
any moving parts while engine is running.
• Do not touch equipment or attachment parts which
may be hot from operation. Allow to cool before
attempting to maintain, adjust or service.
• Battery acid is poisonous and can cause burns. Avoid
contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Protect your face,
eyes and clothing when working with a battery.
• Battery gases can explode. Keep cigarettes, sparks and
flames away from battery.
• Use only genuine replacement parts to ensure that
original standards are maintained.
• Use only Toro approved attachments. Warranty may be
voided if used with unapproved attachments.
• Do not mow across slopes exceeding 5 degrees.
• Do not mow down slopes exceeding 15 degrees.
• Do not mow up slopes exceeding 10 degrees.
• If a steep slope must be ascended, back up the hill, and
drive forward down the hill, keeping the machine in
gear.
• Avoid turning on slopes. If you must turn, turn slowly
and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Do not use a grass catcher on steep slopes. Heavy
grass bags could cause loss of control or overturn the
machine.
5
6
Slope Chart
7
8
Safety and Instruction Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any
area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
93–0302
92–6720
92–8946
92–6721
112168
99–8036
9
99–2985
92–6727
99–5339A
83–6620
104–4163
92–6725
78–9740
10
104–5091
104–5059
11
Stabilizer/Conditioner
Gasoline and Oil
Using a stabilizer/conditioner in the machine:
• Keeps gasoline fresh during storage of 90 days or less.
For longer storage it is recommended that the fuel tank
be drained.
Recommended Gasoline
Use UNLEADED Regular Gasoline suitable for
automotive use (85 pump octane minimum). Leaded
regular gasoline may be used if unleaded regular is not
available.
• Cleans the engine while it runs
• Eliminates gum-like varnish buildup in the fuel
system, which causes hard starting
Important Never use methanol, gasoline containing
methanol, or gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol
because the fuel system could be damaged. Do not mix oil
with gasoline.
Important Never use fuel additives containing
methanol or ethanol.
Add the correct amount of gas stabilizer/conditioner to the
gas.
Danger
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective when
mixed with fresh gasoline. To minimize the chance of
varnish deposits in the fuel system, use fuel stabilizer at
all times.
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
Filling the Fuel Tank
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area,
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any gasoline
that spills.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add
gasoline to the fuel tank until the level is 1/4 to
1/2 (6 mm to 13 mm) below the bottom of the
filler neck. This empty space in the tank allows
gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where gasoline
fumes may be ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container and
keep it out of the reach of children. Never buy
more than a 30-day supply of gasoline.
• Always place gasoline containers on the ground
away from your vehicle before filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle
or on a truck or trailer bed because interior
carpets or plastic truck bed liners may insulate
the container and slow the loss of any static
charge.
• When practical, remove gas–powered
equipment from the truck or trailer and refuel
the equipment with its wheels on the ground.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline
dispenser nozzle.
• If a gasoline dispenser nozzle must be used,
keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the
fuel tank or container opening at all times until
fueling is complete.
1. Shut the engine off and set the parking brake.
2. Clean around fuel tank cap and remove the cap. Add
unleaded regular gasoline to fuel tank, until the level is
1/4 to 1/2 inch (6 mm to 13 mm) below the bottom of
the filler neck. This space in the tank allows gasoline
to expand. Do not fill the fuel tank completely full.
3. Install fuel tank cap securely. Wipe up any gasoline
that may have spilled.
Checking the Engine Oil
Before you start the engine and use the machine, check
the oil level in the engine crankcase; refer to Checking the
Engine Oil Level, page 23.
12
Setup
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine
from the normal operating position.
Loose Parts
Note: Use the chart below to identify parts for assembly.
DESCRIPTION
QTY.
USE
Bolt, 1/4 x 3/4
2
Washer
2
Locknut
2
Key
1
Use in ignition switch
Operator’s Manual
1
Read manual before operating tractor
Checking the Tire Pressure
Activating the battery
4. Slowly pour electrolyte into each battery cell until the
level is up to the upper line (Fig. 2) on the battery
case.
Check front and rear tire pressure.
Important Do not overfill the battery because
electrolyte (sulfuric acid) can cause severe corrosion and
damage to the chassis.
Pressure: 20 psi (138 kPa) front and rear.
Activating the Battery
5. Wait five to ten minutes after filling the battery cells.
Add electrolyte, if necessary, until the electrolyte level
is up to the upper line (Fig. 2) on the battery case.
Note: Bulk electrolyte with 1.265 specific gravity must be
purchased from a local battery supply outlet.
6. Reinstall battery filler caps.
Danger
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid which is
a deadly poison and causes severe burns.
• Do not drink electrolyte and avoid contact with
skin, eyes or clothing. Wear safety glasses to
shield your eyes and robber gloves to protect
your hands.
• Fill the battery where clean water is always
available for flushing the skin.
• Follow all instructions and comply with all
safety messages on the electrolyte container.
2
3
1
m-5004
Figure 2
1. Filler caps
2. Upper line
1. Remove the battery from the tractor.
3. Lower line
2. Clean the top of the battery with a paper towel.
7. Charge the battery. Refer to Charging the Battery on
page 32.
Note: Never fill the battery with electrolyte while the
battery installed in the tractor. Electrolyte could be spilled
on other parts and cause corrosion.
8. When the battery is fully charged, unplug the charger
from the electrical outlet, then disconnect the charger
leads from the battery posts (Fig. 3).
3. Remove the vent caps from the battery (Fig. 2).
13
Checking the Safety Interlock
System
4
2
1
3
Caution
If safety interlock switches are disconnected or
damaged the machine could operate unexpectedly
causing personal injury.
• Do not tamper with the interlock switches.
• Check the operation of the interlock switches
daily and replace any damaged switches before
operating the machine.
m-4970
Figure 3
1. Positive Battery Post
2. Negative Battery Post
3. Red (+) Charger Lead
4. Black (–) Charger Lead
Refer to Checking the Safety Interlock System on
page 16.
9. Install the battery in the tractor and connect the battery
cables. Refer to the Installing the Battery on page 31.
Test Driving the Tractor
Note: Do not run the tractor with the battery disconnected,
electrical damage may occur.
Make sure all electrical and mechanical systems are
operating properly.
Checking the Engine Oil
Important The tractor is shipped from the factory with
oil in the engine.
Check the oil level and add only enough oil to raise the
level to the full mark on the dipstick. Refer to Checking
the Engine Oil on page 23.
Checking the Tractor
Lubrication
Check the tractor to ensure it is lubricated. Refer to
Greasing and Lubrication on page 25.
Operating the Tractor
Learn how to operate the tractor. Read the Operation
section starting on page 15.
14
Operation
2. Lift the parking brake lever (Fig. 5) up and gradually
take your foot off the brake pedal. The brake pedal
should stay in the depressed (locked) position.
Think Safety First
Releasing the Parking Brake
Carefully read all the safety instructions and decals in the
safety section. Knowing this information could help you,
your family, pets or bystanders avoid injury.
1. Push down on the brake pedal (Fig. 5). The parking
brake lever should release.
2. Gradually release the brake pedal.
Controls
1
Become familiar with all the controls before you start the
engine and operate the machine (Fig. 4).
1
12
6
9
2
10
7
2
11
3
8
5
1201
Figure 5
1. Brake pedal
2. Parking brake lever
4
13
Starting and Stopping the
Engine
Starting the Engine
1. Sit down on the seat.
1200
2. Set the parking brake; refer to Setting the Parking
Brake, page 15.
Figure 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Steering wheel
Ignition switch
Brake pedal
Parking brake lever
Traction control pedal
Throttle lever
Choke lever
8. Power take off (PTO)
9. Indicator control
module/Hourmeter
10. Attachment lift lever
11. Tilt wheel lever
12. Hood opening
13. Dial-a-height knob
Note: The engine will not start unless you set the parking
brake or fully depress the brake pedal.
3. Push the PTO (power take off) to off (Fig. 6).
4. Move the choke lever to on (Fig. 6).
Note: An engine that has been running and is warm may
not require step 4.
5. Move throttle lever to fast (Fig. 7).
Using the Parking Brake
6. Turn the ignition key and hold it in the start position
(Fig. 8). When the engine starts, release the key.
Always set the parking brake when you stop the machine
or leave it unattended.
Important If the engine does not start after 10 seconds
of continuous cranking, turn the ignition key to off and let
the starter motor cool for 60 seconds; refer to
Troubleshooting, page 35.
Setting the Parking Brake
1. Push the brake pedal (Fig. 5) down and hold it in the
depressed position.
15
7. After the engine starts, move the choke lever to off
(Fig. 6). If the engine stalls or hesitates, move the
choke lever back to on for a few seconds. Then move
the throttle lever to desired setting. Repeat this as
required.
While the ignition key is in run or lights position and the
power take off (PTO) is engaged on, the PTO light, in the
Indicator Module, will be on. When this light is on it is a
reminder the starter will not crank and to turn the off PTO
before getting off the tractor.
Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO)
2
1
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
3
2. Pull the power take off (PTO) to on (Fig. 9).
1
2
2
1207
1206
Figure 6
1
Figure 7
1. PTO—Off
2. Choke–On
3. Choke–Off
1. Fast
2. Slow
1
1206
Figure 9
2
1. Off-Disengaged
2. On-Engaged
3
4
Disengaging the Power Take Off (PTO)
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
1208
2. Push the power take off (PTO) to off (Fig. 9).
Figure 8
1. Off
2. Lights
Testing the Safety Interlock
System
3. Run
4. Start
Caution
Stopping the Engine
1. Push the PTO (power take off) to off (Fig. 9).
If safety interlock switches are disconnected or
damaged the machine could operate unexpectedly
causing personal injury.
2. Move the throttle lever to slow (Fig. 7).
3. Let engine idle for 30–60 seconds.
• Do not tamper with the interlock switches.
• Check the operation of the interlock switches
daily and replace any damaged switches before
operating the machine.
4. Turn the ignition key to off (Fig. 8).
Operating the Power Take Off
(PTO)
Understanding the Safety Interlock
System
The power take off (PTO) engages and disengages power
to the electric clutch.
The safety interlock system is designed to prevent the
engine from starting unless:
• You are sitting on the seat
16
• The brake pedal is depressed
1. Engage the PTO.
• The power take off (PTO) is off.
2. Insert the KeyChoice key into the switch (Fig. 10).
• The hydro control pedal is in the neutral position.
The safety interlock system is designed to stop the engine
if:
• You rise from the seat when the brake pedal is
released.
• You rise from the seat when the power take off (PTO)
is on.
• You move the hydro control pedal out of the neutral
position when the parking brake is engaged.
1
m–4220
The safety interlock system is designed to stop the power
take off (PTO) if:
Figure 10
• You shift into reverse with the power take off (PTO)
engaged.
1. KeyChoice switch
3. Turn the KeyChoice key.
Setting the KeyChoice Switch to
Operate in Reverse
A red light on the front console (Fig. 11) turns on,
indicating that the interlock is disabled.
An interlock feature on the tractor prevents the power take
off (PTO) from operating when backing up. If you shift
into reverse with the PTO engaged (i.e., with mower
blades or other attachment running), the PTO will
disengage. Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary.
1
If you need to use the PTO while backing up, you can turn
off this interlock feature using the KeyChoice switch
located near the seat bracket (Fig. 10).
Figure 11
Danger
1. Operating-in-reverse light
You could back over a child or bystander while
the mower blade(s) or other attachment is
engaged and cause serious injury or death.
4. Shift into reverse and complete your task.
5. Stop the PTO of the engine to activate the interlock.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary.
• Do not insert the KeyChoice key unless it is
absolutely necessary.
• Always look backward and down before
backing up.
• Use the KeyChoice switch only if you are
certain no children or other bystanders will
enter the mowing area.
• Be very observant after deactivating the
interlock because the sound of the engine may
prevent you from noticing that a child or
bystander has entered the work area.
• Always remove both the ignition and
KeyChoice keys and put them in a safe place
out of the reach of children or unauthorized
users when leaving the unit unattended.
6. Remove the KeyChoice key and put it in a safe place
out of reach of children.
Testing the Safety Interlock System
Test the safety interlock system before you use the
machine each time. If the safety system does not operate
as described below, have an Authorized Service Dealer
repair the safety system immediately.
1. Set the parking brake. Move the power take off (PTO)
to on. Now turn the ignition key to start; the engine
should not crank.
2. Push the power take off (PTO) to off and release the
parking brake. Now turn the ignition key to start; the
engine should not crank.
17
3. Set the parking brake, move the power take off (PTO)
to off and move the hydro control pedal forward from
the neutral; the engine should not crank.
interlock system is deactivated. The light goes out
whenever the power take off (PTO) is disengaged or the
engine is shut off.
4. Set the parking brake and move the power take off
(PTO) to off. Now start the engine. While the engine is
running, release the parking brake and rise slightly
from the seat; the engine should stop.
Battery
The battery light will be on when the key is in the run or
lights positions if the battery voltage is below 12.6 volts
or when the engine is running and the alternator output is
above 14.8 volts. When this light comes on it is important
to have your battery and electrical system checked and the
problem corrected.
5. Set the parking brake and restart the engine. While the
engine is running, and the parking brake is engaged,
move the hydro pedal forward; the engine should
stop.
6. With the parking brake released, turn the ignition key
to RUN without starting the engine. Pull the PTO
switch to on. You should hear an audible click
indicating the PTO is activated and the PTO light will
illuminate. Move the foot pedal to reverse. You should
hear an audible click indicating the PTO is deactivated
and the PTO light should turn off.
Hourmeter
The hourmeter records the number of hours the engine has
operated (Fig. 12). It is turned on when the ignition switch
is in the run or lights positions. Use the times for
scheduling regular maintenance.
7. With the parking brake released, turn the ignition
switch to run without starting the engine. Pull the PTO
switch to on. Turn the KeyChoice key and release. The
Operating-in-Reverse warning light should illuminate.
Move the foot pedal to reverse. The PTO and PTO
light on the dash should remain on. Push the PTO
switch to off. The PTO light and the
Operating-in-Reverse warning light should turn off.
Oil
The oil light will be on when the key is in the run or lights
positions and the engine is not running, after the engine is
started the light should go out. When the engine is running
if the oil pressure drops below a safe operating level the
light comes on. When the light comes on while the engine
is running, Stop engine immediately and correct the
cause of low oil pressure.
Indicator Control Module
PTO (Power Take Off)
The indicator control module (Fig. 12) lights when the
parking brake or power take off (PTO), is actuated and
when there is a problem of low oil pressure or alternator
output, that needs immediate attention.
1
2
3
4
The PTO (power take off) light will be on when the key is
in the run or lights positions and the PTO (power take off)
is engaged on. When this light is on it is a reminder; the
starter will not crank and turn off the PTO before getting
off.
5
Driving Forward or Backward
The throttle control regulates the engine speed as
measured in rpm (revolutions per minute). Place the
throttle control in the fast position for best performance.
Figure 12
1. Operating–in–Reverse
2. Battery
3. Hourmeter
To go forward or backward, release the parking brake;
refer to Releasing the Parking Brake, page 15. Place your
foot on the traction control pedal and slowly press on the
top of the traction control pedal to move forward or on the
bottom of the traction control pedal to move backward
(Fig. 13). The fatherr you move the traction control pedal
in either direction, the faster the machine will move in
that direction.
4. Oil
5. PTO (power take off)
Following are the conditions when indicator lights will be
“ON”. At other times the lights should be off.
Note: For reverse motion, with the PTO engaged, the
operating-in-reverse interlock must be deactivated by the
KeyChoice switch located on the seat bracket on the right
hand side just below the seat.
Operating in Reverse
The Operating-in-Reverse light will illuminate whenever
the KeyChoice switch is used to deactivate the
operating-in-reverse interlock. It is a reminder that the
18
2. Pull attachment lift lever rearward until latch locks. In
this position the lift will hold the attachment in the up,
or raised position.
To slow down, release the pressure on the traction control
pedal.
Important To avoid transmission damage, always
release the parking brake before moving the traction
control pedal.
Lowering Attachments
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
2. Pull attachment lift lever rearward, to release lift
pressure, and push the button on top to release the
latch. Move lift lever forward to lower attachment.
1
2
2
1
1210
Figure 13
1. Forward
3
2. Backward
5
4
Stopping the Machine
6
To stop the machine, release the traction control pedal,
disengage the power take off (PTO), and turn the ignition
key to off. Also set the parking brake if you leave the
machine unattended; refer to Setting the Parking Brake,
page 15. Remember to remove the ignition and
KeyChoice keys from the switches.
1205
Figure 14
1. Lift lever
2. Button
3. Dial-A-Height
Caution
4. Indicator
5. High
6. Mounting position
Adjusting Dial-A-Height
Children or bystanders may be injured if they
move or attempt to operate the tractor while it is
unattended.
The Dial-A-Height control (Fig. 14) is used to limit the
downward travel of the attachment. The Dial-A-Height
knob is rotated to change the location of this stop, up or
down.
Always remove the ignition and KeyChoice keys
and set the parking brake when leaving the
machine unattended, even if just for a few
minutes.
1. Raise the attachment lift lever; refer to Raising
Attachments. In the raised position the Dial-A-Height
knob (Fig. 14) can be rotated to change the stop
location. Turn clockwise to raise and counterclockwise
to lower the height of the attachment.
Using the Attachment Lift
Lever
2. The Dial-A-Height indicator (Fig. 14) will show the
change, high to low, in attachment lift height as
adjustment is made.
The attachment lift lever (Fig. 14) is used to raise and
lower various attachments.
Positioning the Seat
The seat can move forward and backward. Position the
seat where you have the best control of the machine and
are most comfortable.
Raising Attachments
1. Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
1. Raise the seat and loosen the adjustment knobs
(Fig. 15).
19
2. Slide the seat to the desired position and tighten the
knobs.
2
1
1
1203b
Figure 17
m-4982
1. Tilt lever
Figure 15
2. Steering wheel
1. Adjustment knob
Pushing the Machine by Hand
Using the Headlights
Important Always push the machine by hand. Never
tow the machine because transaxle damage may occur.
The headlights are turned on with a separate position,
lights, of the ignition switch (Fig. 16). The lights are on
while the ignition switch is in the lights position even with
the engine off. Remove the key when the machine is left
unattended so lights can not be turned on discharging the
battery.
To Push the Machine
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO) and turn the
ignition key to off.
2. Move the drive control rod to the push position. This
disengages the drive system and allows the wheels to
turn freely (Fig. 18).
1
To Operate the Machine
1. Move the drive control rod to the operate position
(Fig. 18).
Note: The machine will not drive unless the drive control
rod is in the operate position.
1208
Figure 16
1. Lights
1
3
2
Positioning the Tilt Steering
Wheel
The steering wheel has four tilt locations. Position the
steering wheel where you have the best control of the
machine and are most comfortable.
1. Lift the tilt lever to release the lock (Fig. 17).
M-4566
2. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable position;
then release the lever to lock.
Figure 18
1. Operate position
2. Push position
20
3. Drive Control Rod
Maintenance
Recommended Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Service
Interval
After First Use
Each Use
Maintenance Procedure
• Change oil1
•
•
•
•
Check oil level
Check safety system
Check brake
Clean outside of engine
Every 5 Hours
• Check battery electrolyte
Every 25 Hours
•
•
•
•
Every 50 Hours
• Grease chassis1
• Check belts for wear/cracks
Every 100 Hours
• Change oil1
• Replace paper air cleaner1
• Replace fuel filter
Every 200 Hours
• Change oil filter1
Service foam air cleaner1
Check spark plug(s)
Check tire pressure
Check front wheel toe-in
Before Storage
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change oil filter
Check brake
Grease chassis
Service foam air cleaner
Replace paper air cleaner
Check spark plug(s)
Check belts for wear/cracks
Drain gasoline
Clean outside of engine
Paint chipped surfaces
Check battery electrolyte
Charge battery and disconnect cables
Replace fuel filter
Check tire pressure
Check front wheel toe-in
After Storage
•
•
•
•
•
Check safety system
Check brake
Check spark plug(s)
Check battery electrolyte
Check tire pressure
1More often
in dusty, dirty conditions
Important
Refer to your engine operator’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
21
Caution
If you leave the key in the ignition switch, someone could accidently start the engine and
seriously injure you or other bystanders.
Remove the key from the ignition and disconnect the wire from the spark plug before you do
any maintenance. Set the wire aside so that it does not accidentally contact the spark plug.
Servicing the Air Cleaner
2
1
Service Interval/Specification
Foam Element: Clean and re-oil after every 25 operating
hours, or yearly, whichever occurs first.
4
3
6
Paper Element: Replace after every 100 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
7
5
Note: Service the air cleaner more frequently (every few
hours) if operating conditions are extremely dusty or
sandy.
8
1214
Figure 19
Removing the Foam and Paper Elements
1.
2.
3.
4.
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
ignition key.
Air cleaner cover
Knob
Cover nut
Cover
5.
6.
7.
8.
Foam element
Paper element
Rubber seal
Air cleaner base
2. Open the hood.
4. Carefully slide the foam element off the paper element
(Fig. 19).
3. Clean around the air cleaner to prevent dirt from
getting into the engine and causing damage. Remove
knob and the air cleaner cover (Fig. 19).
5. Unscrew the cover nut and remove the cover and paper
element (Fig. 19).
Cleaning the Foam Element
1. Wash the foam element in liquid soap and warm water.
When the element is clean, rinse it thoroughly.
2. Dry the element by squeezing it in a clean cloth.
3. Put one or two ounces of oil on the element (Fig. 20).
Squeeze the element to distribute the oil.
Important
worn.
22
Replace the foam element if it is torn or
Note: Make sure the rubber seal is flat against the air
cleaner base and cover.
2
3. Install the air cleaner cover (Fig. 19).
1
4. Close the hood.
Servicing the Engine Oil
1213
Service Interval/Specification
Figure 20
1. Foam element
2. Oil
Change oil:
• After the first 5 operating hours.
Cleaning the Paper Element
• After every 100 operating hours.
1. Lightly tap the element on a flat surface to remove
dust and dirt (Fig. 21).
Note: Change oil more frequently when operating
conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
2. Inspect the element for tears, an oily film, and damage
to the rubber seal.
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SF or SG)
Important Never clean the paper element with
pressurized air or liquids, such as solvent, gas, or
kerosene. Replace the paper element if it is damaged or
cannot be cleaned thoroughly.
Viscosity: See table below
Crankcase Capacity: w/filter, 64 oz. (1.9 l)
USE THESE SAE VISCOSITY OILS
1
2
–20
°F
0
–30
°C
–20
20
–10
32 40
0
80
60
10
20
100
30
40
Checking the Oil Level
1213
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the
power take off (PTO), set the parking brake, and turn
the ignition key to off. Remove the ignition key.
Figure 21
1. Paper element
2. Rubber seal
2. Open the hood.
Installing the Foam and Paper Elements
3. Clean around the oil dipstick (Fig. 22) so dirt cannot
fall into the filler hole and damage the engine.
Important To prevent engine damage, always operate
the engine with the complete foam and paper air cleaner
assembly installed.
4. Unscrew the oil dipstick and wipe the metal end clean
(Fig. 22).
5. Slide the oil dipstick fully into the filler tube, do not
thread onto tube (Fig. 22). Pull the dipstick out and
look at the metal end. If oil level is low, slowly pour
only enough oil into the filler tube to raise the level to
the full mark.
1. Carefully slide the foam element onto the paper air
cleaner element (Fig. 19).
2. Slide the air cleaner assembly and cover onto the long
rod. Now screw the cover nut finger-tight against the
cover (Fig. 19).
Important Do not overfill the crankcase with oil
because the engine may be damaged.
23
1
7. Slowly pour approximately 80% of the specified
amount of oil into the filler tube (Fig. 22). Now check
the oil level; refer to Checking Oil Level, page 23.
Slowly add additional oil to bring to full mark on
dipstick.
2
3
Changing the Oil Filter
Service Interval/Specification
Replace the oil filter every 200 hours or every other oil
change.
Figure 22
1. Oil dipstick
2. Metal end
Note: Change oil filter more frequently when operating
conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
3. Filler tube
1. Drain the oil from the engine; refer to
Changing/Draining Oil, page 24.
Changing/Draining Oil
2. Remove the old filter and wipe the filter adapter
(Fig. 24) gasket surface.
1. Start the engine and let it run five minutes. This warms
the oil so it drains better.
3. Apply a thin coat of new oil to the rubber gasket on
the replacement filter (Fig. 24).
2. Park the machine so that the drain side is slightly
lower than the opposite side to assure the oil drains
completely. Then disengage the power take off (PTO),
set the parking brake, and turn the ignition key to off.
Remove the ignition key.
3
3. Open the hood.
2
4. Slide a piece of hose over oil drain to direct oil.
5. Place a pan below the oil drain. Open the drain by
turning counterclockwise, 1/8 turn and pull out
(Fig. 23).
1
6. When oil has drained completely, close the drain by
pushing in and turning clockwise, 1/8 turn.
1256
Figure 24
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified recycling
center.
1. Oil filter
2. Gasket
3. Adapter
4. Install the replacement oil filter to the filter adapter.
Turn the oil filter clockwise until the rubber gasket
contacts the filter adapter, then tighten the filter an
additional 1/2 turn (Fig. 24).
5. Fill the crankcase with the proper type of new oil;
refer to Changing/Draining Oil, page 24.
Servicing the Spark Plug
2
Service Interval/Specification
1
Check the spark plug(s) after every 200 operating hours.
Make sure the air gap between the center and side
electrodes is correct before installing the spark plug. Use a
spark plug wrench for removing and installing the spark
plug(s) and a gapping tool/feeler gauge to check and
adjust the air gap.
1216
Figure 23
1. Oil drain
2. Hose
24
2
Type: Champion RC-12YC (or equivalent)
Air Gap: 0.040″ (1.02 mm)
3
1
Removing the Spark Plug(s)
0.040in.
(1.02 mm)
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
ignition key.
2. Open the hood.
3. Pull the wire(s) off the spark plug(s) (Fig. 25). Now
clean around the spark plug(s) to prevent dirt from
falling into the engine and potentially causing damage.
Figure 26
4. Remove the spark plug(s).
1. Center electrode insulator
2. Side electrode
2
3. Air gap (not to scale)
Installing the Spark Plug(s)
1. Install the spark plug(s). Make sure the air gap is set
correctly.
1
2. Tighten the spark plug(s) to 20 ft-lb (27 Nm).
3. Push the wire(s) onto the spark plug(s) (Fig. 25).
4. Close the hood.
1218
Figure 25
1. Spark plug wire
Greasing and Lubrication
2. Spark plug
Service Interval/Specification
Grease the machine after every 50 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first. Grease more frequently
when operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Checking the Spark Plug
1. Look at the center of the spark plug(s) (Fig. 26). If you
see light brown or gray on the insulator, the engine is
operating properly. A black coating on the insulator
usually means the air cleaner is dirty.
Grease Type: General-purpose grease.
How to Grease
Important Never clean the spark plug(s). Always
replace the spark plug(s) when it has a black coating,
worn electrodes, an oily film, or cracks.
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
ignition key.
2. Check the gap between the center and side electrodes
(Fig. 26). Bend the side electrode (Fig. 26) if the gap is
not correct.
2. Clean the grease fittings with a rag. Make sure to
scrape any paint off the front of the fitting(s).
3. Connect a grease gun to the fitting. Pump grease into
the fittings until grease begins to ooze out of the
bearings.
4. Wipe up any excess grease.
25
Where to Add Grease
1. Lubricate the front wheels and spindles until grease
begins to ooze out of the bearings (Fig. 27).
2. Lubricate the front axle pivot (Fig. 27).
1
2323
Figure 29
1. Valve stem
Servicing the Brakes
1211
Always set the parking brake when you stop the machine
or leave it unattended. If the parking brake does not hold
securely, an adjustment is required.
Figure 27
3. Lubricate the traction control pedal on hydrostatic
models (or brake and clutch pedals on gear drive
models) where they pivot on mounting shaft (Fig. 28).
Checking the Brake
1. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage the
power take off (PTO), set the parking brake, and turn
the ignition key to off. Remove the ignition key.
2. Rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to push
the tractor forward. Adjustment is required if the
wheels turn and do not lock; refer to Adjusting the
Brake, page 26.
3. Release the brake and move the drive control rod to
the push position; refer to Pushing the Machine by
Hand, page 20. Wheels should rotate freely.
4. If both conditions are met no adjustment is required.
1264
Adjusting the Brake
Figure 28
1. Check the brake before you adjust it; refer to Checking
the Brake, page 26.
Checking the Tire Pressure
2. Release the parking brake; refer to Releasing the
Parking Brake, page 15.
Service Interval/Specification
3. To adjust the brake remove the cotter pin and loosen
the brake adjusting nut slightly (Fig. 30).
Maintain the air pressure in the front and rear tires as
specified. Check the pressure at the valve stem after every
25 operating hours or monthly, whichever occurs first
(Fig. 29). Check the tires when they are cold to get the
most accurate pressure reading.
4. Carefully insert a 0.015 in. (.38 mm) feeler gauge
between the outer brake pad and rotor disk (Fig. 30).
5. Tighten the brake adjusting nut until slight resistance
is felt on the feeler gauge when sliding it in and out.
Install cotter pin.
Pressure: 20 psi (138 kPa) front and rear
6. Check the brake operation again; refer to Checking the
Brake, page 26.
26
Important With the parking brake released, the rear
wheels must rotate freely when you push the mower. If the
0.015” (.38 mm) clearance and free wheel rotation cannot
be achieved contact your service dealer immediately.
1
1263
3
Figure 31
1. Fuel shut-off valve
3. Open the hood.
0.015 in. (0.38 mm)
2
1
4. Squeeze the ends of the hose clamp together and slide
it up the fuel line toward the fuel tank (Fig. 32).
M-4567
Figure 30
1. Brake adjusting nut
2. Cotter pin
5. Pull the fuel line off the filter (Fig. 32). Open fuel
shut-off valve and allow gasoline to drain into an
approved gas can.
3. Right Front of Transaxle
Note: Now is the best time to install a new fuel filter
because the fuel tank is empty.
Servicing the Fuel Tank
6. Install the fuel line onto the filter. Slide the hose clamp
close to the filter to secure the fuel line and filter.
Refer to Replacing the Fuel Filter; page 28.
Draining The Fuel Tank
Danger
3
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
• Drain gasoline from the fuel tank when the
engine is cold. Do this outdoors in an open area.
Wipe up any gasoline that spills.
• Never smoke when draining gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where a spark may
ignite the gasoline fumes.
2
1
1218
Figure 32
1. Park the machine on a level surface, to assure fuel tank
drains completely. Then disengage the power take off
(PTO), set the parking brake, and turn the ignition key
to off. Remove the ignition key.
1. Hose clamp
2. Fuel line
3. Filter
2. Close fuel shut-off valve at fuel tank (Fig. 31).
Servicing the Fuel Filter
Service Interval/Specification
Replace the fuel filter after every 100 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
27
Replacing the Fuel Filter
2. Push front tires out, at front, to remove normal
looseness in the linkage.
Never install a dirty filter if it is removed from the fuel
line.
3. Measure, between the rims, at spindle level, in the
front and rear of the wheels (Fig. 34).
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
ignition key.
4. The front measurement should be less than the rear, as
specified.
2. Close fuel shut-off valve at fuel tank (Fig. 31).
3. Open the hood.
4. Squeeze the ends of the hose clamps together and slide
them away from the filter (Fig. 33).
1
5. Remove the filter from the fuel lines.
4
2
3
3
m–1261
Figure 34
1. Measure here
2. Flats
1
2
3. Jam nut
4. Steering lever
1217
Figure 33
1. Hose clamp
2. Fuel line
Adjusting Toe-In
3. Filter
1. Check the toe-in before you adjust it; refer to
Measuring Toe-In, Page 28.
6. Install a new filter and move the hose clamps close to
the filter.
2. Remove ball joint from one steering lever (Fig. 34).
7. Open fuel shut-off valve at fuel tank (Fig. 31).
3. Loosen jam nut securing ball joint to steering rod.
Rotate ball joint one turn, clockwise to increase or
counter clockwise to decrease toe-in.
8. Close the hood.
4. Hold flats on ball joint to align with flats on tie rod
and tighten jam nut (Fig. 34).
Maintaining Front Wheel Toe-In
5. Install ball joint to steering lever and check the toe-in;
refer to Measuring Toe-In, Page 32.
Service Interval/Specification
Important If more than one turn is required to meet
specifications, alternate between left and right steering
rods to maintain steering wheel alignment.
Maintain toe-in of the front wheels as specified. If uneven
tire wear, lawn scuffing or hard steering develop
adjustment may be required. Check the toe-in after every
100 operating hours or yearly, whichever occurs first
(Fig. 34).
Servicing the Transaxle Fluid
Specification: 1/8–1/4 inch toe-in on front wheels.
Service Interval/Specification
Measuring Toe-in
The transaxle is a sealed system and no checking or
changing of the fluid is required.
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
ignition key.
Important If any transaxle problems arise, contact
your local Authorized Service Dealer for help and service.
28
Servicing the Fuses
5
5
Service Interval/Specification
1
The electrical system is protected by fuses. It requires no
maintenance, however, if a fuse blows check
component/circuit for malfunction or short. To replace
fuses pull up on the fuse (Fig. 35) to remove or replace it.
3
4
2
Fuse: Main/Starter F1—30 amp, blade-type
Alternator F2—25 amp, blade-type
Dash/Hour meter F3—10 amp, blade-type
Head lights F4—10 amp, blade-type
4
Figure 36
1. Bulb holder
2. Reflector
3. Tabs
4
4. Slots
5. Terminals
3
Installing the Bulb
2
1
1. The bulb has metal pins on the side of its base. Align
the pins with the slots in the bulb holder and insert the
base into the holder (Fig. 37). Push and rotate the bulb
clockwise until it stops.
2344
Figure 35
1. Main—30 amp
2. Alternator—25 amp
3. Dash/Hour meter—10
amp
4. Head lights—10 amp
1
2
Servicing the Headlights
2
4
3
Specification: Bulb # 1156 Automotive Type
4
Removing the Bulb
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
ignition key.
Figure 37
1. Bulb
2. Metal pins
2. Open the hood. Pull wire connectors off both bulb
holder terminals.
3. Rotate the bulb holder 1/4 turn counterclockwise and
remove it from the reflector (Fig. 36).
3. Bulb holder
4. Slots
2. The bulb holder has two tabs (Fig. 36). Align the tabs
with the slots in the reflector, insert the bulb holder
into the reflector and rotate it 1/4 turn clockwise until
it stops.
4. Push and rotate the bulb counterclockwise until it stops
(approx. 1/4 turn) and remove bulb from the bulb
holder (Fig. 37).
3. Push the wire connectors onto the terminals on the
bulb holder.
29
Servicing the Battery
Warning
Warning
Incorrect battery cable routing could damage the
tractor and cables causing sparks. Sparks can
cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in
personal injury.
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer
and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
• Always DISCONNECT the negative (black)
battery cable before disconnecting the positive
(red) cable.
• Always RECONNECT the positive (red)
battery cable before reconnecting the negative
(black) cable .
Service Interval/Specification
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use a
paper towel to clean the battery case. If the battery
terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution of four
parts water and one part baking soda. Apply a light
coating of grease to the battery terminals to prevent
corrosion.
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
key.
2. Open the hood and locate the battery.
Voltage: 12 v, 260 Cold Cranking Amps
3. Remove side panels for clearance when removing
battery (Fig. 39). Remove screws and lift up to clear
pin and slide panel tabs out from steering tower.
Removing the Battery
4. Disconnect the negative (black) ground cable from the
battery post (Fig. 38).
Warning
5. Lift the red rubber cover up on the positive cable.
Disconnect the positive cable (red cover) from the
battery post (Fig. 38).
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal tractor components causing sparks.
Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode,
resulting in personal injury.
6. Remove the battery hold down strap (Fig. 38). Remove
battery from the tractor.
• When removing or installing the battery, do not
allow the battery terminals to touch any metal
parts of the tractor.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between the
battery terminals and metal parts of the
tractor.
2
4
5
6
3
1
m-4972
Figure 38
1. Negative cable
2. Nut
3. Bolt
30
4. Rubber cover (red)
5. Positive cable
6. Battery Hold Down Strap
Installing the Battery
1. Install the battery into the tractor (Fig. 39).
2. Secure battery with hold down strap (Fig. 38).
2
3
3. Using the bolt and nut, connect the positive (red cover)
cable to the positive (+) battery post (Fig. 38). Slide
the rubber cover over the battery post.
1
4. Using the bolt and nut, connect the negative (black)
cable to the negative (–) battery post (Fig. 38).
m-5004
Figure 40
5. Install side panels by sliding tabs into steering tower
and inserting pin into flange of footrest. Secure with
screws (Fig. 39).
1. Filler caps
2. Upper line
3. Lower line
1
Danger
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid which is
a deadly poison and causes severe burns.
2
3
4
• Do not drink electrolyte and avoid contact with
skin, eyes or clothing. Wear safety glasses to
shield your eyes and robber gloves to protect
your hands.
• Fill the battery where clean water is always
available for flushing the skin.
• Follow all instructions and comply with all
safety messages on the electrolyte container.
m-4973
Figure 39
1. Battery
2. Side panel tabs
3. Screw
4. Pin
Adding Water to the Battery
The best time to add distilled water to the battery is just
before you operate the machine. This lets the water mix
thoroughly with the electrolyte solution.
Checking Electrolyte Level
1. With the engine off, open the hood to locate the
battery.
1. Remove the battery from the tractor.
2. Look at the side of the battery. The electrolyte must be
up to the upper line (Fig. 40). Do not allow the
electrolyte to get below the lower line (Fig. 40).
2. Clean the top of the battery with a paper towel.
Note: Never fill the battery with distilled water while the
battery installed in the tractor. Electrolyte could be spilled
on other parts and cause corrosion.
3. If the electrolyte is low, add the required amount of
distilled water; refer to Adding Water to the Battery,
page 31.
3. Remove the vent caps from the battery (Fig. 40).
4. Slowly pour distilled water into each battery cell until
the level is up to the upper line (Fig. 40) on the battery
case.
Important Do not overfill the battery because
electrolyte (sulfuric acid) can cause severe corrosion and
damage to the chassis.
5. Wait five to ten minutes after filling the battery cells.
Add distilled water, if necessary, until the electrolyte
level is up to the upper line (Fig. 40) on the battery
case.
31
6. Reinstall battery vent caps.
Charging the Battery
Warning
Charging the battery produces gasses that can
explode.
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks
and flames away from battery.
Important Always keep the battery fully charged
(1.265 specific gravity). This is especially important to
prevent battery damage when the temperature is below
32°F (0°C).
1. Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to
Removing the Battery, page 30.
2. Check the electrolyte level; refer to Checking
Electrolyte Level, page 31.
3. Make sure the filler caps are installed in battery.
Charge battery for 10 to 15 minutes at 25 to 30 amps
or 30 minutes at 4–6 amps.
4. When the battery is fully charged, unplug the charger
from the electrical outlet, then disconnect the charger
leads from the battery posts (Fig. 41).
4
2
1
3
m-4970
Figure 41
1. Positive Battery Post
2. Negative Battery Post
3. Red (+) Charger Lead
4. Black (–) Charger Lead
5. Install the battery in the tractor and connect the battery
cables. Refer to Installing the Battery on page 31.
Note: Do not run the tractor with the battery disconnected,
electrical damage may occur.
32
PTO
W
PK
T
BK
PK
OR
BATTERY LIGHT MODULE
A
B+D
F
BK F
#194 LAMP
VOLTAGE
COMPARATOR
OIL
BK
C T
GN D GN
BATTERY #194 LAMP
OR E OR
OVER RIDE
#194 LAMP
PK A
#194 LAMP
W B
PK
BK
-
HOUR
METER
BN
PK GYW
BU BU
PK BUW
CLUTCH
NMIR
MODULE
2
BK
SWITCH OPENS WHEN
HYDRO PEDAL IS MOVED
TO REVERSE
TURNED
BK
4
2
VIO
3
1
OR
Y
OR
SW9
GN
OR
1
Y
SWITCH IS OPEN
WHEN IN PARK 3
GN
W
OR
(PARK SWITCH)
GYBK
F1
30A
R
GND
BK
K1
(KILL RELAY)
SOLINOID
VIO
VIO
F2
25A
VIO
IGNITION SWITCH TERMINAL
LOCATIONS VEIWED FROM BACK.
R
K2
(INTERLOCK RELAY)
BN R VIO
OR BN
PK
SEAT SWITCH IS CLOSED
WHEN OPERATOR ISIN
THE SEAT
SW1
(SEAT SWITCH)
SWITCH IS CLOSED
WHEN IN NEUTRAL
T
PK
IS DEPRESSED
CLOSES WHEN BRAKE
BRAKE SWITCH
VIO
3
4
SW2
PK
F3
10A
OR
(BRAKE SWITCH)
GY
F4
10A
SW8
(NEUT. SWITCH)
OR
1 (KEYSW6
OVER RIDE)
SWITCH CLOSES
2 WHEN
KEY IS
GN
SW3
PTO SWITCH IS
SHOWN IN OFF
POSITION
(PTO SWITCH)
GN T BK
(REVERSE SWITCH)
SW5
BK
PTO
CLUTCH
OR
BK
4
1
BN
OR
BK
1
7
4
8
5
2
6
3
3
4
1
5
2
HEADLIGHT HARNESS
5
WARNING LIGHT HARNESS
+
4
3
1
2
33
5
SW4
(IGNITION SWITCH)
OFF-----------NO CONNECTION
RUN/LIGHTS----------B I R L
RUN---------------B I R
START--------------B I R S
S
L 3I
S B 2R
4
1 5
R
B
I
L
GN
W
3
1
5
OIL
MAG
REG
START
B+
BLACK
BROWN
BLUE
GREEN
GREY
ORANGE
R
BK
BN
BU
GN
GY
OR
STARTER
-
YELLOW
PINK
RED
TAN
VIOLET
WHITE
AC
AC
OIL PRESSURE
SWITCH
IGNITION
MODULE
SPARK PLUG
+
PK
R
T
VIO
W
Y
WIRE COLOR CODES
Wiring Diagram
Cleaning and Storage
D. Restart engine and run it until it stops.
1. Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the parking
brake, and turn the ignition key to off. Remove the
ignition and KeyChoice keys.
E. Choke or prime the engine. Start and run engine
until it will not start. Operate primer, if equipped
on machine, several times to ensure fuel remains in
primer system.
2. Remove grass clippings, dirt, and grime from the
external parts of the entire machine, especially the
engine. Clean dirt and chaff from the outside of the
engine’s cylinder head fins and blower housing.
F. Dispose of fuel properly. Recycle as per local
codes.
Important Do not store stabilizer/conditioned gasoline
over 90 days.
Important You can wash the machine with mild
detergent and water. Do not pressure wash the machine.
Avoid excessive use of water, especially near the control
panel, lights, engine, and the battery.
Important The battery must be fully charged to
prevent it from freezing and being damaged at
temperatures below 32°F (0°C). A fully charged battery
can be stored one winter season without recharging.
3. Check the brake; refer to Servicing the Brake, page 26.
9. Remove the spark plug(s) and check its condition;
refer to Servicing the Spark Plug, page 24. With the
spark plug(s) removed from the engine, pour two
tablespoons of engine oil into the spark plug hole.
Now use the electric starter to crank the engine and
distribute the oil inside the cylinder. Install the spark
plug(s) and tighten it to 30 ft–lb (40 Nm). Do not
install the wire on the spark plug(s).
4. Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner, page 22.
5. Grease the chassis; refer to Greasing and Lubrication,
page 25.
6. Change the crankcase oil and filter; refer to Servicing
the Engine Oil, page 23.
7. Check the tire pressure; refer to Checking the Tire
Pressure, page 26.
10. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Clean the
battery and battery terminals. Check the electrolyte
level and charge it fully; refer to Servicing the Battery
on page 30. Leave the negative battery cable
disconnected from the battery during storage.
8. Prepare the machine for storage when non–use occurs
over 30 days. Prepare machine for storage as follows.
A. Add a petroleum based stabilizer/ conditioner to
fuel in the tank. Follow mixing instructions from
stabilizer manufacture. Do not use an alcohol
based stabilizer (ethanol or methanol).
11. Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws. Repair or
replace any part that is damaged or defective.
12. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint is
available from your Authorized Service Dealer.
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective when
mixed with fresh gasoline and used at all times.
13. Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or storage
area. Remove the keys from the ignition and
KeyChoice switches and keep it in a memorable place.
Cover the machine to protect it and keep it clean.
B. Run engine to distribute conditioned fuel through
the fuel system (5 minutes).
C. Stop engine, allow to cool and drain the fuel tank;
refer to Servicing the Fuel Tank, page 27.
34
Troubleshooting
Problem
Starter does not crank
Engine
g
will not start,, starts hard,, or
f il to
fails
t keep
k
running.
i
Engine
g
loses power.
Engine
g
overheats.
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. Blade control (PTO) is
engaged.
1. Move blade control (PTO) to
disengaged.
2. Parking brake is not on.
2. Set parking brake.
3. Operator is not seated.
3. Sit on the seat.
4. Battery is dead.
4. Charge the battery.
5. Electrical connections are
corroded or loose.
5. Check electrical connections
for good contact.
6. Fuse is blown.
6. Replace fuse.
7. Relay or switch is defective.
7. Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. Fuel tank is empty.
1. Fill fuel tank with gasoline.
2. Choke is not on.
2. Move choke lever to on.
3. Air cleaner is dirty.
3. Clean or replace air cleaner
element.
4. Spark plug wire is loose or
disconnected.
4. Install wire on spark plug.
5. Spark plug is pitted, fouled, or
gap is incorrect.
5. Install new, correctly gapped
spark plug.
6. Dirt in fuel filter.
6. Replace fuel filter.
7. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
fuel system.
7. Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. Engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce ground speed.
2. Air cleaner is dirty.
2. Clean air cleaner element.
3. Oil level in crankcase is low.
3. Add oil to crankcase.
4. Cooling fins and air passages
under engine blower housing
are plugged.
4. Remove obstruction from
cooling fins and air passages.
5. Spark plug is pitted, fouled, or
gap is incorrect.
5. Install new, correctly gapped
spark plug.
6. Vent hole in fuel cap is
plugged.
6. Clean or replace the fuel cap.
7. Dirt in fuel filter.
7. Replace fuel filter.
8. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
fuel system.
8. Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. Engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce ground speed.
2. Oil level in crankcase is low.
2. Add oil to crankcase.
3. Cooling fins and air passages
under engine blower housing
are plugged.
3. Remove obstruction from
cooling fins and air passages.
35
Problem
Abnormal vibration.
Machine does not drive.
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. Engine mounting bolts are
loose.
1. Tighten engine mounting bolts.
2. Loose engine pulley, idler
pulley, or blade pulley.
2. Tighten the appropriate pulley.
3. Engine pulley is damaged.
3. Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. Drive control is in push
position.
1. Move drive control to operate
position.
2. Traction belt is worn, loose or
broken.
2. Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
3. Traction belt is off pulley.
3. Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
36
The Toro Total Coverage Guarantee
Consumer
Riding
Products
A Two-Year Full Warranty
(Limited Warranty for Commercial Use)
Conditions and Products Covered
The Toro Company and its affiliate, Toro Warranty Company,
pursuant to an agreement between them, jointly promise to repair
any Toro Product used for normal residential purposes* if defective
in materials or workmanship. The following time periods apply
from the date of purchase:
•
•
•
Products
All Products
300 and 5xi Series Tractors:
Frame
Front Axle
Drive Shaft (5xi Series Only)
All Batteries
Warranty Period
2 year full warranty
Limited Warranty for Commercial Use
Toro Consumer Products and attachments used for commercial,
institutional, or rental use are warranted against defects in
materials or workmanship for the following time periods from the
date of purchase:
•
Products
300 and 5xi Series Tractors
Liquid Cooled Gas Engines
Air Cooled Gas and Diesel
Engines
All other items
All other Riding Products
Customer Care Department, Consumer Division
Toro Warranty Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
800-348-2424 (U.S. customers)
877-484-9255 (Canada customers)
Owner Responsibilities
5 year full warranty
5 year full warranty
5 year full warranty
1 year full warranty
This warranty covers both the cost of parts and labor, and
transportation within a fifteen mile radius of the servicing dealer.
This warranty applies to all consumer riding products and their
attachments.
* Normal residential purposes means use of the product on the
same lot as your home. Use at more than one location is
considered commercial use, and the commercial use warranty
would apply.
•
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Dealer’s
analysis or with the assistance provided, contact us at:
Warranty Period
1 year limited warranty
2 year limited warranty
1 year limited warranty
90 day limited warranty
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
If you think that your Toro Product contains a defect in materials or
workmanship, follow this procedure:
1. Contact any Toro Authorized or Master Service Dealer to
arrange service at their dealership. To locate a dealer
convenient to you, refer to the Yellow Pages of your telephone
directory (look under “Lawn Mowers”) or access our website at
www.Toro.com. U.S. Customers may also call 800-421-9684
to use our 24-hour Toro dealer locator system.
2. Bring the product and your proof of purchase (sales receipt) to
the Service Dealer.
You must maintain your Toro Product by following the maintenance
procedures described in the operator’s manual. Such routine
maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by you, is at your
expense.
Items and Conditions Not Covered
There is no other express warranty except for special emission
system coverage on some products. This express warranty does
not cover:
• Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as filters,
fuel, lubricants, tune-up parts, blade sharpening, brake and
clutch adjustments.
• Any product or part which has been altered or misused or
required replacement or repair due to normal wear, accidents,
or lack of proper maintenance.
• Repairs necessary due to improper fuel, contaminants in the
fuel system, or failure to properly prepare the fuel system prior
to any period of non-use over three months.
• Pickup and delivery charges for distances beyond a fifteen
mile radius from an Authorized Toro Service Dealer.
All repairs covered by this warranty must be performed by an
Authorized Toro Service Dealer using Toro approved replacement
parts.
General Conditions
Repair by an Authorized Toro Service Dealer is your sole remedy
under this warranty.
Neither The Toro Company nor Toro Warranty Company is liable
for indirect, incidental or consequential damages in connection
with the use of the Toro Products covered by this warranty,
including any cost or expense of providing substitute equipment or
service during reasonable periods of malfunction or non-use
pending completion of repairs under this warranty.
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or consequential
damages, or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so
the above exclusions and limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also
have other rights which vary from state to state.
Countries Other than the United States or Canada
Customers who have purchased Toro products exported from the United States or Canada should contact their Toro Distributor (Dealer)
to obtain guarantee policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with your Distributor’s service or
have difficulty obtaining guarantee information, contact the Toro importer. If all other remedies fail, you may contact us at Toro Warranty
Company.
Part No. 374-0045 Rev. –
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement