Toro 270-H Lawn and Garden Tractor User manual

Toro 270-H Lawn and Garden Tractor User manual
Form No. 3323–946
Wheel Horse

270H
Lawn and Garden Tractor
Model No. 72108 – 200000001 & Up
Operator’s Manual
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing a Toro product.
All of us at Toro want you to be completely satisfied
with your new product, so feel free to contact your
local Authorized Service Dealer for help with service,
genuine replacement parts, or other information you
may require.
Whenever you contact your Authorized Service
Dealer or the factory, always know the model and
serial numbers of your product. These numbers will
help the Service Dealer or Service Representative
provide exact information about your specific
product. You will find the model and serial number
plate located in a unique place on the product as
shown below.
The warning system in this manual identifies
potential hazards and has special safety messages that
help you and others avoid personal injury, even death.
DANGER, WARNING and CAUTION are signal
words used to identify the level of hazard. However,
regardless of the hazard, be extremely careful.
DANGER signals an extreme hazard that will cause
serious injury or death if the recommended
precautions are not followed.
WARNING signals a hazard that may cause serious
injury or death if the recommended precautions are
not followed.
CAUTION signals a hazard that may cause minor or
moderate injury if the recommended precautions are
not followed.
Two other words are also used to highlight
information. “Important” calls attention to special
mechanical information and “Note” emphasizes
general information worthy of special attention.
1
The left and right side of the machine is determined
by sitting on the seat in the normal operator’s
position.
1. Model and Serial Number Plate
For your convenience, write the product model and
serial numbers in the space below.
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Model No:
Serial No.
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate
and maintain your product correctly. Reading this
manual will help you and others avoid personal injury
and damage to the product. Although we design,
produce and market safe, state-of-the-art products,
you are responsible for using the product properly
and safely. You are also responsible for training
persons, who you allow to use the product, about safe
operation.
IMPORTANT: The engine in this product is
not equipped with a spark arrester muffler.
It is a violation of California Public Resource
Code Section 4442 to use or operate this
engine on any forest–covered, brush–covered
or grass–covered land as defined in CPRC
4126. Other states or federal areas may have
similar laws.
The Toro Company – 1999
All Rights Reserved
Contents
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safe Operating Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Toro Riding Mower Safety . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slope Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline and Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stabilizer/Conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filling the Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Think Safety First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Choice Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting and Stopping
the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating the
Power Take Off (PTO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Safety Interlock System . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating–in–Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator Control Module . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving Forward or Backward . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attachment Power Lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting Dial-A-Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page
2
2
4
5
7
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
11
12
13
13
15
16
16
17
17
Page
Positioning the Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
Positioning the
Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
Using the Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
Pushing the Machine by Hand . . . . . . . . . .
19
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Service Interval Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
Greasing and Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
Power Lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
Front Wheel Toe-In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
Fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
Cleaning and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Back Cover
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Safety
This machine meets or exceeds the B71.1–1998
specifications of the American National Standards
Institute, in effect at the time of production.
However, improper use or maintenance by the
operator or owner can result in injury. To reduce
the potential for injury, comply with these safety
instructions and always pay attention to the safety
alert symbol, which means CAUTION,
WARNING, or DANGER—“personal safety
instruction.” Failure to comply with the
instruction may result in personal injury or death.
Safe Operating Practices
The following instructions are from ANSI standard
B71.1—1998.
This product is capable of amputating hands and feet
and throwing objects. Always follow all safety
instructions to avoid serious injury or death.
General Operation
1.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions in
the operator’s manual and on the machine before
starting.
2.
Allow only responsible adults who are familiar
with the instructions to operate the machine.
3.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys,
wire, etc., which could be picked up and thrown
by the blade.
4.
Be sure the area is clear of other people before
mowing. Stop the machine if anyone enters the
area.
5.
Never carry passengers.
6.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind before
and while backing.
2
7.
Be aware of the mower discharge direction and
do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the
mower without either the entire grass catcher or
the guard in place.
8.
Slow down before turning.
9.
Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off blades, set parking brake, stop
engine, and remove keys before dismounting.
10. Turn off blades when not mowing.
11. Stop the engine before removing the grass
catcher or unclogging the chute.
12. Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
13. Do not operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
14. Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
15. Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck.
16. Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses
with side shields when operating mower.
17. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of
riding mower–related injuries. These operators
should evaluate their ability to operate the riding
mower safely enough to protect themselves and
others from serious injury.
Safety
Slope Operation
Children
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control
and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe
injury or death. All slopes require extra caution. If
you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on
it, do not mow it.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert
to the presence of children. Children are often
attracted to the machine and the mowing activity.
Never assume that children will remain where you
last saw them.
•
Mow up and down slopes, not across.
1.
•
Keep children out of the mowing area and under
the watchful care of another responsible adult.
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
•
2.
Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
Be alert and turn the machine off if children
enter the area.
3.
Before and while backing, look behind and down
for small children.
Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you
will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.
4.
Never carry children, even with the blades off.
They may fall off and be seriously injured or
interfere with safe machine operation.
5.
Never allow children to operate the machine.
6.
Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, the end of a fence or other objects
that may obscure vision.
•
•
Follow Toro’s recommendations for wheel
weight or counterweights to improve stability.
•
Use extra care with grass catchers or other
attachments. These can change the stability of
the machine.
•
Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or
direction.
•
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires
lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed
slowly straight down the slope.
•
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
•
Service
1.
Use extra care when handling gasoline and other
fuels. They are flammable and vapors are
explosive.
A. Use only an approved container.
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or
embankments. The machine could suddenly turn
over if a wheel goes over the edge of a cliff or
ditch, or if an edge caves in.
B.
Never remove the gas cap or add fuel when
the engine is running. Allow the engine to
cool before refueling. Do not smoke.
C.
Never refuel the machine indoors.
D. Never store the machine or fuel container
inside where there is an open flame, such as
near a water heater or furnace.
•
Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction
could cause sliding.
•
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting
your foot on the ground.
2.
Never run a machine inside a closed area.
•
Do not use a grass catcher on steep slopes.
3.
Keep nuts and bolts tight, especially the blade
attachment bolts. Keep equipment in good
condition.
3
Safety
4.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly.
•
Slow down before turning. Sharp turns on any
terrain may cause loss of control.
5.
Keep the machine free of grass, leaves, or other
debris build-up. Clean up oil or fuel spillage.
Allow the machine to cool before storing.
•
Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off blades, set parking brake, stop
engine, and remove the ignition and “Key
Choice” keys before dismounting.
6.
Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
•
Grass catcher components are subject to wear,
damage and deterioration, which could expose
moving parts or allow objects to be thrown.
Frequently check components and replace with
manufacturer’s recommended parts, when
necessary.
Keep hands, feet, hair and loose clothing away
from attachment discharge area, underside of
mower and any moving parts while engine is
running.
•
Do not touch equipment or attachment parts
which may be hot from operation. Allow to cool
before attempting to maintain, adjust or service.
•
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
from the mowing area. Watch for holes, ruts or
bumps, as uneven terrain could overturn the
machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
•
Battery acid is poisonous and can cause burns.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
Protect your face, eyes and clothing when
working with a battery.
•
Battery gases can explode. Keep cigarettes,
sparks and flames away from battery.
•
Use only genuine replacement parts to ensure
that original standards are maintained.
7.
8.
Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution
when servicing them.
9.
Use only genuine Toro replacement parts to
ensure that original standards are maintained.
Toro Riding Mower Safety
The following list contains safety information
specific to Toro products or other safety information
that you must know that is not included in the ANSI
standards.
•
4
•
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide,
which is an odorless, deadly poison.
Mow up and down slopes greater than 5°, not
across.
•
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Carbon monoxide can kill you and is also
known to the State of California to cause
birth defects.
Mow downhill only on slopes above 10°, never
mow uphill. If a steep slope must be ascended,
back up the hill, and drive forward down the hill,
keeping the machine in gear.
•
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Do not run engine indoors or in an enclosed
area.
Do not operate machine on hillsides or slopes
exceeding 15°.
•
Avoid turning on slopes. If you must turn, turn
slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
•
Do not use a grass catcher on steep slopes.
Heavy grass bags could cause loss of control or
overturn the machine.
Stop the engine, disconnect spark plug wire(s)
and remove key before performing any service,
repairs, maintenance or adjustments.
Safety
Slope Chart
Read all safety instructions on pages 2–4.
5
6
Safety
Safety and Instruction Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near
any area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
ON STEERING TOWER
(Part No. 93–0302)
ON FRAME STEP
(Part No. 92–8946)
DASH INDICATOR PANEL
(Part No. 99–8035)
ON FRAME
CENTER REAR
(Part No. 92–6727)
ON FRAME
RIGHT REAR
(Part No. 92–6726)
ON DASH
LEFT SIDE
(Part No. 92–6720)
ON DASH
RIGHT SIDE
(Part No. 92–6721)
ON STEERING TOWER
(Part No. 83–6620)
ON FRAME STEP
(Part No. 92–6725)
ON DIAL-A-HEIGHT KNOB
(Part No. 78–9740)
ON SEAT BRACKET
(Part No. 99-2985)
ON SEAT BRACKET
(Part No. 99-5339A)
7
Gasoline and Oil
Recommended Gasoline
Use UNLEADED Regular Gasoline suitable for
automotive use (85 pump octane minimum). Leaded
regular gasoline may be used if unleaded regular is
not available.
IMPORTANT: Never use methanol, gasoline
containing methanol, or gasohol containing
more than 10% ethanol because the fuel
system could be damaged. Do not mix oil with
gasoline.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• In certain conditions gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• A fire or explosion from gasoline can burn
you, others, and cause property damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area,
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any
gasoline that spills.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full.
Add gasoline to the fuel tank until the level
is 1/4” to 1/2” (6 mm to 13 mm) below the
bottom of the filler neck. This empty space
in the tank allows gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and
stay away from an open flame or where
gasoline fumes may be ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container
and keep it out of the reach of children.
Never buy more than a 30-day supply of
gasoline.
8
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• In certain conditions gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• A fire or explosion from gasoline can burn
you, others, and cause property damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Always place gasoline containers on the
ground away from your vehicle before
filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a
vehicle or on a truck or trailer bed because
interior carpets or plastic truck bed liners
may insulate the container and slow the
loss of any static charge.
• When practical, remove gas–powered
equipment from the truck or trailer and
refuel the equipment with its wheels on the
ground.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a
portable container, rather than from a
gasoline dispenser nozzle.
• If a gasoline dispenser nozzle must be used,
keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of
the fuel tank or container opening at all
times until fueling is complete.
Gasoline and Oil
Stabilizer/Conditioner
Filling the Fuel Tank
Using a stabilizer/conditioner in the machine:
1.
Shut the engine off and set the parking brake.
•
Keeps gasoline fresh during storage of 90 days
or less. For longer storage it is recommended
that the fuel tank be drained.
2.
•
Cleans the engine while it runs
•
Eliminates gum-like varnish buildup in the fuel
system, which causes hard starting
Clean around each fuel tank cap and remove the
cap. Add unleaded regular gasoline to both fuel
tanks, until the level is 1/4 to 1/2 inch (6 mm to
13 mm) below the bottom of the filler neck. This
space in the tank allows gasoline to expand. Do
not fill the fuel tanks completely full.
3.
IMPORTANT: Never use fuel additives
containing methanol or ethanol.
Install fuel tank caps securely. Wipe up any
gasoline that may have spilled.
4.
Fuel gauge is located in right side tank.
Add the correct amount of gas stabilizer/conditioner
to the gas.
Note:
A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most
efffective when mixed with fresh
gasoline. To minimize the chance of
varnish deposits in the fuel system, use
fuel stabilizer at all times.
Check Engine Oil Level
Before you start the engine and use the machine,
check the oil level in the engine crankcase; refer to
Checking Oil Level, page 23.
9
Operation
Think Safety First
Key Choice Switch
Please carefully read all the safety instructions on
pages 2–7. Knowing this information could help you,
your family, pets or bystanders avoid injury.
A turn and release switch used for deactivating the
“Operating–In–Reverse” interlock feature. Located
on the seat bracket on the right side just below the
seat (Fig. 2).
Controls
Become familiar with all the controls (Fig. 1) before
you start the engine and operate the machine.
1
13
6
9
2
10
11
7
1
m–4220
3
12
8
Figure 2
1. “Key Choice” switch
5
Parking Brake
4
14
Always set the parking brake when you stop the
machine or leave it unattended.
While the ignition key is in the “RUN” or “LIGHTS”
positions and the Parking Brake is engaged, the light,
in the Indicator Module, will be lit.
2332
Figure 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
10
Steering wheel
Ignition switch
Brake pedal
Parking brake lever
Ground speed selector
Throttle lever
Choke lever
Power take off (PTO)
9. Cruise control switch
10. Indicator control
module/Hourmeter
11. Attachment lift switch
12. Tilt wheel lever
13. Hood opening
14. Dial-a-height knob
Setting the Parking Brake
1.
Push the brake pedal (Fig. 3) down and hold it in
the depressed position.
2.
Lift the parking brake lever (Fig. 3) up and
gradually take your foot off the brake pedal. The
brake pedal should stay in the depressed (locked)
position.
Operation
Releasing the Parking Brake
5.
Move throttle lever to “FAST” (Fig. 5).
1.
Push down on the brake pedal (Fig. 3). The
parking brake lever should release.
6.
Turn the ignition key clockwise and hold it in
the “START” position (Fig. 6). When the engine
starts, release the key.
2.
Gradually release the brake pedal.
IMPORTANT: If the engine does not start
after 30 seconds of continuous cranking, turn
the ignition key to “OFF” and let the starter
motor cool; refer to Troubleshooting, page 39.
1
7.
After the engine starts, move the choke lever to
“OFF” (Fig. 5). If the engine stalls or hesitates,
move the choke lever back to “ON” for a few
seconds. Then move the throttle lever to desired
setting. Repeat this as required.
2
2
1
2333
3
Figure 3
1. Brake pedal
2. Parking brake lever
1
Starting and Stopping
the Engine
Starting
1.
Sit down on the seat.
2.
Set the parking brake; refer to Setting the
Parking Brake, page 10.
Note:
2
1207
1206
Figure 4
Figure 5
1. PTO—Off
2. Choke–On
3. Choke–Off
1. Fast
2. Slow
1
2
3
The engine will not start unless you set
the parking brake or fully depress the
brake pedal.
4
1208
3.
4.
Push the PTO (power take off) to “OFF”
(Fig. 4).
Move the choke lever to “ON” (Fig. 4).
Note:
Figure 6
1. Off
2. Lights
3. Run
4. Start
An engine that has been running and is
warm may not require step 4.
11
Operation
Stopping
Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO)
1.
Move the throttle lever to “SLOW” (Fig. 5).
1.
Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
2.
Turn the ignition key to “OFF” (Fig. 6).
2.
Pull the power take off (PTO) to “ON” (Fig. 7).
Note:
If the engine has been working hard or
is hot, let it idle for a minute before
turning the ignition key “OFF.” This
helps cool the engine before it is
stopped. In an emergency, the engine
may be stopped by turning the ignition
key to “OFF.”
2
1
Operating the
Power Take Off (PTO)
1206
Figure 7
The power take off (PTO) engages and disengages
power to the electric clutch.
While the ignition key is in “RUN” or “LIGHTS”
position and the power take off (PTO) is engaged
“ON”, the PTO light, in the Indicator Module, will be
“ON”. When this light is “ON” it is a reminder; the
starter will not crank and to turn the off PTO before
getting off.
12
1. Off-Disengaged
2. On-Engaged
Disengaging the Power Take Off (PTO)
1.
Depress the brake pedal to stop the machine.
2.
Push the power take off (PTO) to “OFF”
(Fig. 7).
Operation
The Safety Interlock System
Understanding the Safety Interlock
System
The safety interlock system is designed to prevent the
engine from starting unless:
•
You are sitting on the seat
•
The brake pedal is depressed
•
The power take off (PTO) is “OFF”
•
The hydro control pedal is in the neutral
position.
The safety interlock system is designed to stop the
engine if:
•
You rise from the seat when the brake pedal is
released
•
You rise from the seat when the power take off
(PTO) is “ON”or gear selector is not in “N”
neutral.
•
You move the hydro control pedal out of the
neutral position when the parking brake is
engaged.
The safety interlock system is designed to stop the
power take off (PTO) if:
•
You shift into reverse with the power take off
(PTO) engaged.
Operating–in–Reverse
An interlock feature is provided that prevents the
Power Take Off (PTO) from operating while the
tractor is traveling in reverse. If the unit is shifted
into reverse while the mower blade or other PTO
driven attachment is engaged, the PTO will stop.
Do not mow while backing up unless it is
absolutely necessary. If you need to mow while in
reverse gear or use other PTO driven attachments
(such as a snowthrower or tiller), this no
operating–in–reverse interlock may be temporarily
deactivated.
Before deactivating this interlock, be sure there are no
children present on or near the property where you are
using the tractor, and that none are likely to appear
while you are mowing or operating an attachment.
Be extra observant after you have chosen to
deactivate the interlock because the sound of the
tractor’s engine might prevent you from being aware
that a child or a bystander has entered the area where
you are operating the tractor.
If you are certain that you can safely mow in reverse
or operate an attachment, deactivate the no
operating–in–reverse interlock by turning the “Key
Choice” switch (Fig. 8), located on the seat bracket
on the right hand side just below the seat, after
engaging the blade (PTO). A red light on the front
console (Fig. 9) will turn on as a reminder that the no
operating–in–reverse interlock has been deactivated.
Once the interlock is deactivated it stays in this
mode––with your mower blade or PTO–driven
attachment operating whenever you back up–– and
the console light stays on until either the blade (PTO)
is disengaged, or the engine is turned off.
Note:
Do not insert the “Key Choice” key
unless it is absolutely necessary to
mow in reverse or operate an
attachment. The “Key Choice” key
should also be removed from the unit
if it will be operated by someone other
than a responsible, experienced
operator. This will prevent the unit
from operating in reverse with the
mower blade or other PTO attachment
engaged. Always remove both the
ignition and the “Key Choice” keys
and put them in a safe place out of the
reach of children when leaving the unit
unattended.
13
Operation
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• A child or bystander could be backed over
by a riding mower with its blade(s)
engaged.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Blade contact will cause serious personal
injury or death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary.
• Always look backward and down before
backing up.
• Use “Key Choice” switch only if you are
certain no children or other bystanders will
appear in the mowing area.
• Always remove both the ignition and “Key
Choice” keys and put them in a safe place
out of the reach of children or unauthorized
users when leaving the unit unattended.
1
m–4220
Figure 8
1. “Key Choice” switch
Testing the Safety Interlock System
Test the safety interlock system before you use the
machine each time. If the safety system does not
operate as described below, have an Authorized
Service Dealer repair the safety system immediately.
14
1.
Set the parking brake. Move the power take off
(PTO) to “ON”. Now turn the ignition key to
“START”; the engine should not crank.
2.
Push the power take off (PTO) to “OFF” and
release the parking brake. Now turn the ignition
key to “START”; the engine should not crank.
3.
Set the parking brake, move the power take off
(PTO) to “OFF” and move the hydro control
pedal forward from the neutral; the engine
should not crank.
4.
Set the parking brake and move the power take
off (PTO) to “OFF”(On gear drive models the
speed selector lever must be in “N” neutral).
Now start the engine. While the engine is
running, release the parking brake and rise
slightly from the seat; the engine should stop.
5.
Set the parking brake and restart the engine.
While the engine is running, and the parking
brake is engaged, move the hydro pedal forward;
the engine should stop.
6.
With the parking brake released, turn the ignition
key to RUN without starting the engine. Pull the
PTO switch to ON. You should hear an audible
click indicating the PTO is activated and the
PTO light will illuminate. Move the foot pedal
to reverse. You should hear an audible click
indicating the PTO is deactivated and the PTO
light should turn off.
7.
With the parking brake released, turn the ignition
switch to RUN without starting the engine. Pull
the PTO switch to ON. Turn the “Key Choice”
key and release. The Operating–in–Reverse
warning light should illuminate. Move the foot
pedal to reverse. The PTO and PTO light on the
dash should remain on. Push the PTO switch to
OFF. The PTO light and the
Operating–in–Reverse warning light should turn
off.
Operation
Indicator Control Module
The indicator control module (Fig. 9) contains lights
for:
PTO (Power Take Off)
The PTO (power take off) light will be “ON” when
the key is in the “RUN” or “LIGHTS” positions and
the PTO (power take off) is engaged “ON”. When
this light is “ON” it is a reminder; the starter will not
crank and turn off the PTO before getting off.
•
Operating–in–Reverse
•
Power take off (PTO)
•
Battery
Hourmeter
•
Hourmeter
•
Oil pressure
•
Fuel level
The hourmeter records the number of hours the
engine has operated (Fig. 9). It is turned on when the
ignition switch is in the “RUN” or “LIGHTS”
positions. Use the times for scheduling regular
maintenance.
1
2
3
4
5 6 7
Battery
Figure 9
1.
2.
3.
4.
Power take off (PTO)
Temperature
Battery
Hourmeter
5. Fuel Level
6. Oil
7. Operating–in–Reverse
Following are the conditions when indicator lights
will be “ON”. At other times the lights should be off.
Operating–in–Reverse
The Operating–in–Reverse light will illuminate
whenever the “key choice” switch is used to
deactivate the operating–in–reverse interlock. It is a
reminder that the interlock system is deactivated.
The light goes out whenever the power take off (PTO)
is disengaged or the engine is shut off.
The battery light will be “ON” when the key is in the
“RUN” or “LIGHTS” positions if the battery voltage
is below 12.6 volts or when the engine is running and
the alternator output is above 14.8 volts. When this
light comes on it is important to have your battery
and electrical system checked and the problem
corrected.
Fuel Level
The fuel level light will be “ON” when the key is in
the “RUN” or “LIGHTS” positions and the fuel level
is low, approximately one pint remaining.
Oil
The oil light will be “ON” when the key is in the
“RUN” or “LIGHTS” positions and the engine is not
running, after the engine is started the light should go
out. When the engine is running if the oil pressure
drops below a safe operating level the light comes
“ON”. When the light comes on while the engine is
running, Stop engine immediately and correct the
cause of low oil pressure.
15
Operation
Temperature
The temperature light will be “ON” when the key is
in the “RUN” or “LIGHTS” positions and the engine
temperature exceeds proper operating limits. Stop
engine immediately and correct the cause of high
temperature.
1
2
Driving Forward or Backward
1210
The throttle control regulates the engine speed as
measured in rpm (revolutions per minute). Place the
throttle control in the “FAST” position for best
performance.
To go forward or backward, release the parking brake:
refer to Releasing the Parking Brake, page 11. Place
your foot on the traction control pedal and slowly
press on the top of the traction control pedal to move
forward or on the bottom of the traction control pedal
to move backward (Fig. 10). The farther you move
the traction control pedal in either direction, the faster
the machine will move in that direction.
Note:
For reverse motion, with the PTO
engaged, the operating–in–reverse
interlock must be deactivated by the
“Key Choice” switch located on the
seat bracket on the right hand side just
below the seat.
To slow down, release the pressure on the traction
control pedal.
IMPORTANT: To avoid transmission
damage, always release the parking brake
before moving the traction control pedal.
16
Figure 10
1. Forward
2. Backward
Stopping the Machine
To stop the machine, release the traction control
pedal, disengage the power take off (PTO), and turn
the ignition key to “OFF” to stop the engine. Also set
the parking brake if you leave the machine
unattended; refer to Setting the Parking Brake,
page 10. Remember to remove the key from the
ignition switch.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Someone could move or attempt to operate
the tractor while it is unattended.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Children or bystanders may be injured if
they use the tractor.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Always remove the ignition and “Key
Choice” keys and set the parking brake
when leaving the machine unattended, even
if just for a few minutes.
Operation
Attachment Power Lift
Adjusting Dial-A-Height
The attachment power lift (Fig. 11) is used to raise
and lower attachments.
The Dial-A-Height control (Fig. 11) is used to limit
the downward travel of the attachment. The
Dial-A-Height knob is rotated to change the location
of this stop, up or down.
Raising Attachments
1.
Turn key to the “ON” or “RUN” position
(Fig. 11).
2.
Push the lift switch in the “UP” direction to raise
the attachment lift (Fig. 11). This will lift and
hold the attachment in the up, or raised position.
1.
Raise the attachment lift lever: Refer to Raising
Attachments. In the raised position the
Dial-A-Height knob (Fig. 11) can be rotated to
change the stop location. Turn clockwise to raise
and counterclockwise to lower the height of the
attachment.
2.
The Dial-A-Height indicator (Fig. 11) will show
the change, high to low, in attachment lift height
as adjustment is made.
Lowering Attachments
1.
Turn key to the “ON” or “RUN” position
(Fig. 11).
2.
Push the lift switch in the “DOWN” direction to
lower the attachment lift (Fig. 11). This will
lower the attachment lift.
2
3
1
Positioning the Seat
The seat can move forward and backward. Position
the seat where you have the best control of the
machine and are most comfortable.
1.
Raise the seat and loosen the adjustment knobs
(Fig. 12).
2.
Slide the seat to the desired position and tighten
the knobs.
1
4
5
m-4614
Figure 11
1. Key
2. Lift switch UP
3. Lift switch DOWN
4. Dial-A-Height knob
5. Dial-A-Height indicator
m-4223
Figure 12
1. Adjustment knob
17
Operation
Headlights
Using the Cruise Control
The headlights are turned on with a separate position,
“LIGHTS”, of the ignition switch (Fig. 13). The
lights are on while the ignition switch is in the
“LIGHTS” position even with the engine off.
Remove the key when the machine is left unattended
so lights can not be turned on discharging the battery.
A three position switch, located on the dash (Fig.15),
with the functions of: Lock–Set (spring loaded), On
and Unlock–Off controls the engagement. Cruise
control maintains the traction control position without
foot pressure. Cruise control is intended for operation
in the forward direction only. Do not use cruise
control in reverse.
1
Engaging the Cruise Control
1.
1208
Begin driving tractor: Refer to Driving Forward
or Backward, Page 16. While holding your foot
steady on the traction control, push the cruise
control switch (Fig. 15) to the “Lock–Set”
position.
Figure 13
1. Lights
1
Positioning the
Tilt Steering Wheel
2
The steering wheel has four tilt locations. Position the
steering wheel where you have the best control of the
machine and are most comfortable.
1238
Figure 15
1. Lock–Set
1.
Lift the tilt lever to release the lock (Fig. 14).
2.
Move the steering wheel to a comfortable
position; then release the lever to lock.
2.
2
2. Unlock–Off
This locks the traction control in position and
your foot can then be removed from the traction
control. A constant ground speed will be
maintained.
Disengaging the Cruise Control
1.
While holding your foot steady on the traction
control, move the cruise control switch (Fig. 15)
to the “Unlock–Off” position.
2.
This unlocks the traction control and your foot
then operates the traction control.
3.
For quick stops, just press on the brake pedal.
This automatically disengages the cruise control
and applies the brake at the same time.
1
1203b
Figure 14
1. Tilt lever
18
2. Steering wheel
Operation
Pushing the Machine by Hand
IMPORTANT: Always push the machine by
hand. Never tow the machine because
transaxle damage may occur.
To Push the Machine
1.
Disengage the power take off (PTO) and turn the
ignition key to “OFF” to stop the engine.
2.
Move the drive control rod to the “PUSH”
position. This disengages the drive system and
allows the wheels to turn freely (Fig. 16).
To Operate the Machine
1.
Move the drive control rod to the “OPERATE”
position (Fig. 16).
Note:
The machine will not drive unless the
drive control rod is in the “OPERATE”
position.
1
3
2
Figure 16
1. Operate position
2. Push position
3. Drive Control Rod
19
Maintenance
Service Interval Chart
Service Operation
Oil—check level
Each
Use
5
Hours
25
Hours
50
Hours
100
Hours
Initial
X
Oil Filter—change* (200 hours, every
other oil change or yearly)
X
Safety System—check
X
Brake—check
X
X
X
X
X
Chassis—grease*
X
Foam Air Cleaner—service*
X
X
Spark Plug(s)—check
X
Belts—check for wear/cracks
X
X
X
X
X
Gasoline—drain
X
X
X
X
Chipped Surfaces—paint
X
X
X
Battery—charge, disconnect cables
X
X
Fuel Filter—replace
X
X
Tires—check pressure
X
X
Front Wheels–check toe-in
X
X
* More often in dusty, dirty conditions
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• If you leave the key in the ignition switch, someone could start the engine.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Accidental starting of the engine could seriously injure you or other bystanders.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Remove the key from the ignition switch and pull the wire(s) off the spark plug(s)
before you do any maintenance. Also push the wire(s) aside so it does not
accidentally contact the spark plug(s).
20
X
X
X
Paper Air Cleaner—replace*
Battery—check electrolyte
Spring
Service
X
Oil—change*
Engine—clean outside
Storage
Service
X
Maintenance
Air Cleaner
4.
Carefully slide the foam element off the paper
element (Fig. 17).
Service Interval/Specification
5.
Unscrew the cover nut and remove the cover and
paper element (Fig. 17).
Foam Element: Clean and re-oil after every 25
operating hours, or yearly, whichever occurs first.
Cleaning the Foam and Paper Elements
Paper Element: Replace after every 100 operating
hours or yearly, whichever occurs first.
Note:
1.
Service the air cleaner more frequently
(every few hours) if operating
conditions are extremely dusty or
sandy.
Foam Element
A. Wash the foam element in liquid soap and
warm water. When the element is clean,
rinse it thoroughly.
B.
Dry the element by squeezing it in a clean
cloth.
C.
Put one or two ounces of oil on the element
(Fig. 18). Squeeze the element to distribute
the oil.
Removing the Foam and Paper Elements
1.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
key.
2.
Open the hood.
3.
Clean around the air cleaner to prevent dirt from
getting into the engine and causing damage.
Remove knob and the air cleaner cover (Fig. 17).
IMPORTANT: Replace the foam element if it
is torn or worn.
2
1
2
1
1213
4
3
Figure 18
1. Foam element
2. Oil
6
7
5
8
1214
Figure 17
1.
2.
3.
4.
Air cleaner cover
Knob
Cover nut
Cover
5.
6.
7.
8.
Foam element
Paper element
Rubber seal
Air cleaner base
21
Maintenance
2.
Installing the Foam and Paper Elements
Paper Element
A. Lightly tap the element on a flat surface to
remove dust and dirt (Fig. 19).
B.
IMPORTANT: To prevent engine damage,
always operate the engine with the complete
foam and paper air cleaner assembly
installed.
Inspect the element for tears, an oily film,
and damage to the rubber seal.
IMPORTANT: Never clean the paper element
with pressurized air or liquids, such as
solvent, gas, or kerosene. Replace the paper
element if it is damaged or cannot be cleaned
thoroughly.
1.
Carefully slide the foam element onto the paper
air cleaner element (Fig. 17).
2.
Slide the air cleaner assembly and cover onto the
long rod. Now screw the cover nut finger-tight
against the cover (Fig. 17).
Note:
1
2
1213
Figure 19
1. Paper element
22
2. Rubber seal
Make sure the rubber seal is flat
against the air cleaner base and cover.
3.
Install the air cleaner cover (Fig. 17).
4.
Close the hood.
Maintenance
Engine Oil
Checking Oil Level
Service Interval/Specification
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, disengage
the power take off (PTO), set the parking brake,
and turn the ignition key to “OFF” to stop the
engine. Remove the ignition key.
2.
Open the hood.
3.
Clean around the oil dipstick (Fig. 20) so dirt
cannot fall into the filler hole and damage the
engine.
4.
Unscrew the oil dipstick and wipe the metal end
clean (Fig. 20).
5.
Slide the oil dipstick fully into the filler tube, do
not thread onto tube (Fig. 20). Pull the dipstick
out and look at the metal end. If oil level is low,
slowly pour only enough oil into the filler tube
to raise the level to the “FULL” mark.
Change oil:
•
After the first 5 operating hours.
•
After every 100 operating hours.
Note:
Change oil more frequently when
operating conditions are extremely
dusty or sandy.
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SF or SG)
Crankcase Capacity: w/filter, 4 pints (1.9 l)
Viscosity: See table below
USE THESE SAE VISCOSITY OILS
IMPORTANT: Do not overfill the crankcase
with oil because the engine may be damaged.
1
–20
°F
0
–30
°C
–20
20
–10
32 40
0
80
60
10
2
100
3
20
30
40
Figure 20
1. Oil dipstick
2. Metal end
3. Filler tube
23
Maintenance
Changing/Draining Oil
Change Oil Filter
1.
Start the engine and let it run five minutes. This
warms the oil so it drains better.
Service Interval/Specification
2.
Park the machine so that the drain side is slightly
lower than the opposite side to assure the oil
drains completely. Then disengage the power
take off (PTO), set the parking brake, and turn
the ignition key to “OFF” to stop the engine.
Remove the ignition key.
Note:
Change oil filter more frequently when
operating conditions are extremely
dusty or sandy.
1.
Drain the oil from the engine; refer to
Changing/Draining Oil, page 24.
Slide a piece of hose over oil drain to direct oil.
2.
Remove the old filter and wipe the filter adapter
(Fig. 22) gasket surface.
Place a pan below the oil drain. Open the drain
by turning counterclockwise, 1/8 turn and pull
out (Fig. 21).
3.
Apply a thin coat of new oil to the rubber gasket
on the replacement filter (Fig. 22).
3.
Open the hood.
4.
5.
6.
Replace the oil filter every 200 hours or every other
oil change.
When oil has drained completely, close the drain
by pushing in and turning clockwise, 1/8 turn.
Note:
3
Dispose of the used oil at a certified
recycling center.
2
1
1256
Figure 22
1. Oil filter
2. Gasket
2
4.
Install the replacement oil filter to the filter
adapter. Turn the oil filter clockwise until the
rubber gasket contacts the filter adapter, then
tighten the filter an additional 1/2 turn (Fig. 22).
5.
Fill the crankcase with the proper type of new
oil; refer to Changing/Draining Oil, page 24.
1
1216
Figure 21
1. Oil drain
7.
24
3. Adapter
2. Hose
Slowly pour approximately 80% of the specified
amount of oil into the filler tube (Fig. 20). Now
check the oil level; refer to Checking Oil Level,
page 23. Slowly add additional oil to bring to
“FULL” mark on dipstick.
Maintenance
Spark Plug
Checking the Spark Plug
1.
Service Interval/Specification
Look at the center of the spark plug(s) (Fig. 24).
If you see light brown or gray on the insulator,
the engine is operating properly. A black coating
on the insulator usually means the air cleaner is
dirty.
Check the spark plug(s) after every 200 operating
hours. Make sure the air gap between the center and
side electrodes is correct before installing the spark
plug. Use a spark plug wrench for removing and
installing the spark plug(s) and a gapping tool/feeler
gauge to check and adjust the air gap.
Type: Champion RC-12YC (or equivalent)
Air Gap: 0.040” (1.02 mm)
IMPORTANT: Never clean the spark plug(s).
Always replace the spark plug(s) when it has:
a black coating, worn electrodes, an oily film,
or cracks.
2.
Check the gap between the center and side
electrodes (Fig. 24). Bend the side electrode
(Fig. 24) if the gap is not correct.
Removing the Spark Plug(s)
1.
2
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
key.
3
1
0.040”
(1.02 mm)
2.
Open the hood.
3.
Pull the wire(s) off the spark plug(s) (Fig. 23).
Now clean around the spark plug(s) to prevent
dirt from falling into the engine and potentially
causing damage.
4.
Remove the spark plug(s).
Figure 24
1. Center electrode insulator
2. Side electrode
2
Installing the Spark Plug(s)
1.
Install the spark plug(s). Make sure the air gap is
set correctly.
2.
Tighten the spark plug(s) to 20 ft–lb (27 Nm).
3.
Push the wire(s) onto the spark plug(s) (Fig. 23).
4.
Close the hood.
1
1218
Figure 23
1. Spark plug wire
3. Air gap (not to scale)
2. Spark plug
25
Maintenance
Greasing and Lubrication
3.
Service Interval/Specification
Grease the machine after every 50 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first. Grease more frequently
when operating conditions are extremely dusty or
sandy.
Lubricate the traction control pedal on
hydrostatic models (or brake and clutch pedals
on gear drive models) where they pivot on
mounting shaft (Fig. 26).
Grease Type: General-purpose grease.
How to Grease
1.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
key.
1264
Figure 26
2.
Clean the grease fittings with a rag. Make sure to
scrape any paint off the front of the fitting(s).
3.
Connect a grease gun to the fitting. Pump grease
into the fittings until grease begins to ooze out of
the bearings.
Tire Pressure
Wipe up any excess grease.
Maintain the air pressure in the front and rear tires as
specified. Check the pressure at the valve stem after
every 25 operating hours or monthly, whichever
occurs first (Fig. 27). Check the tires when they are
cold to get the most accurate pressure reading.
4.
Where to Add Grease
1.
2.
Lubricate the front wheels and spindles until
grease begins to ooze out of the bearings
(Fig. 25).
Service Interval/Specification
Pressure: 20 psi (138 kPa) front and rear
Lubricate the front axle pivot (Fig. 25).
1
Figure 27
1. Valve stem
1211
Figure 25
26
2323
Maintenance
Brake
Always set the parking brake when you stop the
machine or leave it unattended. If the parking brake
does not hold securely, an adjustment is required.
Checking the Brake
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, disengage
the power take off (PTO), set the parking brake,
and turn the ignition key to “OFF” to stop the
engine. Remove the ignition key.
2.
Rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to
push the tractor forward. Adjustment is required
if the wheels turn and do not lock; refer to
Adjusting the Brake, page 27.
3.
Release the brake and move the drive control rod
to the “PUSH” position; refer to Pushing the
Machine by Hand, page 19. Wheels should
rotate freely.
4.
If both conditions are met no adjustment is
required.
Adjusting the Brake
1.
Check the brake before you adjust it; refer to
Checking the Brake, page 27.
2.
Release the parking brake; refer to Releasing the
Parking Brake, page 11.
3.
To adjust the brake remove the cotter pin and
loosen the brake adjusting nut slightly (Fig. 28).
4.
Carefully insert a 0.020” (.51 mm) feeler gauge
between the outer brake pad and rotor disk
(Fig. 28).
5.
Tighten the brake adjusting nut until slight
resistance is felt on the feeler gauge when sliding
it in and out. Install cotter pin.
6.
Check the brake operation again; refer to
Checking the Brake, page 27.
IMPORTANT: With the parking brake
released, the rear wheels must rotate freely
when you push the mower. If the 0.020”
(.51 mm) clearance and free wheel rotation
cannot be achieved contact your service
dealer immediately.
3
0.020” (.51 mm)
2
1
Figure 28
1. Brake adjusting nut
2. Cotter pin
3. Right Front of Transaxle
27
Maintenance
Fuel Tank
5.
Draining The Fuel Tank
Pull the fuel line off the filter (Fig. 30). Open
fuel shut-off valve and allow gasoline to drain
into an approved gas can.
Note:
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• In certain conditions gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• A fire or explosion from gasoline can burn
you, others, and cause property damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Drain gasoline from the fuel tank when the
engine is cold. Do this outdoors in an open
area. Wipe up any gasoline that spills.
• Never drain gasoline near an open flame or
where gasoline fumes may be ignited by a
spark.
• Never smoke a cigarette, cigar or pipe.
1.
2.
Park the machine on a level surface, to assure
fuel tank drains completely. Then disengage the
power take off (PTO), set the parking brake, and
turn the ignition key to “OFF” to stop the
engine. Remove the ignition key.
Close fuel shut–off valve at fuel tank (Fig. 29).
1
1263
Figure 29
1. Fuel shut-off valve
3.
Open the hood.
4.
Squeeze the ends of the hose clamp together and
slide it up the fuel line toward the fuel tank
(Fig. 30).
28
6.
Now is the best time to install a new
fuel filter because the fuel tank is
empty.
Install the fuel line onto the filter. Slide the hose
clamp close to the filter to secure the fuel line
and filter. Refer to Replacing the Fuel Filter;
page 29.
3
2
1
1218
Figure 30
1. Hose clamp
2. Fuel line
3. Filter
Maintenance
Fuel Filter
Power Lift
Service Interval/Specification
Service Interval/Specification
Replace the fuel filter after every 100 operating hours
or yearly, whichever occurs first.
Check fluid level in power lift after every 25
operating hours or yearly, whichever occurs first. Fill
with Dexron Type II or Type III automatic
transmission fluid.
Replacing the Fuel Filter
Never install a dirty filter if it is removed from the
fuel line.
1.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
key.
2.
Close fuel shut–off valve at fuel tank (Fig. 29).
3.
Open the hood.
4.
Squeeze the ends of the hose clamps together
and slide them away from the filter (Fig. 31).
5.
Remove the filter from the fuel lines.
Checking Fluid Level
1.
Raise attachment lift to the full “UP” position.
Refer to: Raising Attachments page .
2.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the key.
3.
Open the hood.
4.
Remove the plug on top of the power lift pump
(Fig. 32). Fluid should be level with the bottom
of the hole.
5.
If fluid is below bottom of the hole fill with
Dexron Type II or Type III automatic
transmission fluid.
3
2
2
1
1217
1
Figure 31
1. Hose clamp
2. Fuel line
3. Filter
2350
6.
Install a new filter and move the hose clamps
close to the filter.
7.
Open fuel shut-off valve at fuel tank (Fig. 29).
8.
Close the hood.
Figure 32
1. Power lift pump
2. Plug
29
Maintenance
Front Wheel Toe-In
Adjusting Toe-In
1.
Check the toe-in before you adjust it; refer to
Measuring Toe-In, Page 30.
2.
Remove ball joint from one steering lever
(Fig. 33).
3.
Specification: 1/8–1/4 (3mm–6mm) inch toe-in on
front wheels.
Loosen jam nut securing ball joint to steering
rod. Rotate ball joint one turn, clockwise to
increase or counter clockwise to decrease toe-in.
4.
Hold flats on ball joint to align with flats on tie
rod and tighten jam nut (Fig. 33).
Measuring Toe-in
5.
Install ball joint to steering lever and check the
toe-in; refer to Measuring Toe-In, Page 32.
Service Interval/Specification
Maintain toe-in of the front wheels as specified. If
uneven tire wear, lawn scuffing or hard steering
develop adjustment may be required. Check the toe-in
after every 100 operating hours or yearly, whichever
occurs first (Fig. 33).
1.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
key.
2.
Push front tires out, at front, to remove normal
looseness in the linkage.
3.
Measure, between the rims, at spindle level, in
the front and rear of the wheels (Fig. 33).
4.
The front measurement should be less than the
rear, as specified.
1
4
2
3
Figure 33
1. Measure here
2. Flats
30
3. Jam nut
4. Steering lever
m–1261
IMPORTANT: If more than one turn is
required to meet specifications, alternate
between left and right steering rods to
maintain steering wheel alignment.
Maintenance
Transaxle Fluid
Headlights
Service Interval/Specification
Specification: Bulb # 1156 Automotive Type
The transaxle is a sealed system and no checking or
changing of the fluid is required.
Removing the Bulb
1.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
key.
Fuse
2.
Open the hood. Pull wire connectors off both
bulb holder terminals.
Service Interval/Specification
3.
Rotate the bulb holder 1/4 turn counterclockwise
and remove it from the reflector (Fig. 35).
4.
Push and rotate the bulb counterclockwise until
it stops (approx. 1/4 turn) and remove bulb from
the bulb holder (Fig. 36).
IMPORTANT: If any transaxle problems
arise, contact your local Authorized Service
Dealer for help and service.
The electrical system is protected by fuses. It requires
no maintenance, however, if a fuse blows check
component/circuit for malfunction or short. To
replace fuses pull up on the fuse (Fig. 34) to remove
or replace it.
Fuse:
Main/Starter F1–30 amp, blade-type
Alternator F2–25 amp, blade-type
Dash/Hour meter F3–10 amp, blade-type
Head lights F4–10 amp, blade-type
5
5
1
3
4
2
4
4
3
Figure 35
2
1
2344
1. Bulb holder
2. Reflector
3. Tabs
4. Slots
5. Terminals
Figure 34
1. Main-30 amp
2. Alternator-25 amp
3. Dash/Hour meter-10 Amp
4. Head lights-10 amp
31
Maintenance
Installing the Bulb
1.
The bulb has metal pins on the side of its base.
Align the pins with the slots in the bulb holder
and insert the base into the holder (Fig. 36).
Push and rotate the bulb clockwise until it stops.
1
2
2
4
3
4
Figure 36
1. Bulb
2. Metal pins
3. Bulb holder
4. Slots
2.
The bulb holder has two tabs (Fig. 35). Align the
tabs with the slots in the reflector, insert the bulb
holder into the reflector and rotate it 1/4 turn
clockwise until it stops.
3.
Push the wire connectors onto the terminals on
the bulb holder.
32
Maintenance
Battery
4
Service Interval/Specification
2
Check the electrolyte level in the battery every 5
hours. Always keep the battery clean and fully
charged. Use a paper towel to clean the battery case.
If the battery terminals are corroded, clean them with
a solution of four parts water and one part baking
soda. Apply a light coating of grease to the battery
terminals to prevent corrosion.
3
5
1
1219
Figure 37
Voltage: 12 v, 180 Cold Cranking Amps
Removing the Battery
1.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
key.
1. Negative cable (black)
2. Rubber cover
3. Positive cable (red)
4. Bolt and wing nut
5. Hold down rod and wing
nut
Installing the Battery
7.
Install the battery into the chassis (Fig. 38).
2.
Open the hood to see the battery.
8.
Secure battery in chassis with hold down rods.
3.
Remove side panels for clearance when
removing battery (Fig. 38). Remove the wing
nuts and screws and lift up to clear pin and slide
panel tabs out from steering tower.
9.
Using the bolt and wing nut, connect the positive
(red) cable to the positive (+) battery post
(Fig. 37). Slide the rubber cover over the battery
post.
4.
Disconnect the negative (black) ground cable
from the battery post (Fig. 37).
10. Using the bolt and wing nut, connect the
negative (black) cable to the negative (–) battery
post (Fig. 37).
5.
Lift the rubber cover up on the positive (red)
cable. Disconnect the positive (red) cable from
the battery post (Fig. 37).
6.
11. Install side panels by sliding tabs into steering
tower and inserting pin into flange of footrest.
Secure with screws and wing nuts (Fig. 38).
Remove the battery hold down rods (Fig. 37).
33
Maintenance
4
Adding Water to the Battery
1
The best time to add distilled water to the battery is
just before you operate the machine. This lets the
water mix thoroughly with the electrolyte solution.
4
2
3
5
1.
Clean the top of the battery with a paper towel.
2.
Lift off the filler caps (Fig. 39).
3.
Slowly pour distilled water into each battery cell
until the level is up to the lower part of the tube
(Fig. 39).
1260
Figure 38
1. Battery
2. Side panel tabs
3. Screw
4. Wing nut
5. Pin
IMPORTANT: Do not overfill the battery
because electrolyte (sulfuric acid) can cause
severe corrosion and damage to the chassis.
4.
Checking Electrolyte Level
1.
With the engine off, open the hood to see the
battery.
2.
Open covers to see into the cells. The electrolyte
must be up to the lower part of the tube
(Fig. 39). Do not allow the electrolyte to get
below the plates. (Fig. 39).
3.
If the electrolyte is low, add the required amount
of distilled water; refer to Adding Water to the
Battery, page 34.
1
2
3
1262
Figure 39
1. Filler caps
2. Lower part of tube
34
3. Plates
Press the filler caps onto the battery.
Maintenance
Charging the Battery
IMPORTANT: Always keep the battery fully
charged (1.260 specific gravity). This is
especially important to prevent battery
damage when the temperature is below 32°F
(0°C).
1.
Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to
Removing the Battery, page 33.
2.
Check the electrolyte level; refer to Checking
Electrolyte Level, page 34, steps 2–3.
3.
Remove the filler caps from the battery and
connect a 3 to 4 amp battery charger to the
battery posts. Charge the battery at a rate of 4
amperes or less for 4 hours (12 volts). Do not
overcharge the battery. Install the filler caps after
the battery is fully charged.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Charging the battery produces gasses.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Battery gasses can explode.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Keep cigarettes, sparks and flames away
from battery.
4.
Install the battery in the chassis; refer to
Installing the Battery, page 33.
35
BK
1
5
BU
Y
PTO
#194 LAMP
GN
D
C
B
A
WARNING LIGHT HARNESS
SWITCH OPENS WHEN
BRAKE IS DEPRESSED
OR
PK
BK
F
B+D
A
BATTERY LIGHT MODULE
VOLTAGE
COMPARATOR
TEMP
#194 LAMP
H
Y
LOW FUEL
#194 LAMP
G
GY
BATTERY
#194 LAMP
E
OR
BK F
OIL
PK
BU
BK
BK
OR
GY
Y
GN
T
W
SW8
5
2
PK
BK
-
OR
BN
PK GY W
BU BU
PK BU W
SWITCH OPENS WHEN
HYDRO PEDAL IS MOVED
SW5
CLUTCH
NMIR
MODULE
(REVERSE SWITCH)
BK
PTO
CLUTCH
BN
OR
TO REVERSE
SW9
(LOW FUEL)
W
LIFT
PUMP
HOUR
METER
GY
(LIFT SWITCH)
CRUISE MAGNET
PK
BK
K4
(CRUISE RELAY)
BU
BU 1
3
4
6
5 AND 6 CONNECTED
(CRUISE DISENGAGE SWITCH)
7 BU
(MOMENTARY)
8
6
2 SW2B
T
2
PK
#194 LAMP
W
OVER RIDE
#194 LAMP
T
BK
PK
3
SW7
CRUISE SWITCH
2
OR
4
OFF
NO CONNECTION
ON
3 AND 2 CONNECTED
MOMENTARY 3 AND 2 CONNECTED
1
BK
8
BK
7
2
5
4
3
HEADLIGHT HARNESS
5
2
6
BK
SWITCH CLOSES
WHEN KEY IS
TURNED
SW6
(KEY OVER RIDE)
GN
GN T BK
BK
T
PTO SWITCH IS
SHOWN IN OFF
POSITION
SW3
(PTO SWITCH)
SW2A
F4
10A
F5
25A
I
3
1
VIO
SWITCH IS CLOSED
2
WHEN IN NEUTRAL
SW8
(NEUT. SWITCH)
OR
4
3
SEAT SWITCH IS CLOSED
WHEN OPERATOR IS IN
THE SEAT
SW1
(SEAT SWITCH)
T
OR BN
(INTERLOCK RELAY)
K2
R
I
Y
S
B
L
BK
BN
BU
GN
GY
OR
3
Y
SWITCH IS OPEN
WHEN IN PARK
GN
W
OR
GND
BK BK
K1
(KILL RELAY)
GN
BU
F1
30A
K3
(START RELAY)
R
R
GN
BU
W
VIO
VIO
Y
R
B+
REG
OIL
START
MAG
-
SOLINOID
SHIFT
STARTER
FUEL
SOLINIOD
SPARK PLUG
SWITCH OPEN WITH
HIGH TEMPERATURE
+
CLOSES WITH
PRESSURE
AC
AC
MODULES
IGNITION
OIL
SWITCH
(TEMP. SWITCH)
1
2
3
5
YELLOW
PINK
RED
TAN
VIOLET
WHITE
SPARK PLUG
PK
R
T
VIO
W
Y
WIRE COLOR CODES
BLACK
BROWN
BLUE
GREEN
GREY
ORANGE
F2
25A
VIO
IGNITION SWITCH TERMINAL
LOCATIONS VEIWED FROM BACK.
1
SW10
(PARK SWITCH)
T BK
IS DEPRESSED
CLOSES WHEN BRAKE
BRAKE SWITCH
VIO
BN
BN R VIO
S 5B 2R
1
OR
PK
F3
10A
PK
OR PK
(BRAKE SWITCH)
GY
4
3
BU
OR
L
4
1
3
4
5
2
1
4
1
2
CRUISE SWITCH OPERATION
+
2
3
1
5
4
3
5
4
3
1
36
5
SW4
(IGNITION SWITCH)
OFF-----------NO CONNECTION
RUN/LIGHTS----------B I R L
RUN---------------B I R
START--------------B I R S
Maintenance
Wiring Diagram
Maintenance
Cleaning and Storage
1.
2.
Disengage the power take off (PTO), set the
parking brake, and turn the ignition key to
“OFF” to stop the engine. Remove the ignition
and “Key Choice” keys.
3.
Check the brake; refer to Brake, page 26.
4.
Service the air cleaner; refer to Air Cleaner,
page 21.
5.
Grease the chassis; refer to Greasing and
Lubrication, page 26.
6.
Change the crankcase oil; refer to Engine Oil,
page 23.
Remove the spark plug(s) and check its
condition; refer to Spark Plug, page 25. With the
spark plug(s) removed from the engine, pour two
tablespoons of engine oil into the spark plug
hole. Now use the electric starter to crank the
engine and distribute the oil inside the cylinder.
Install the spark plug(s) and tighten it to 30 ft–lb
(40 Nm). Do not install the wire on the spark
plug(s).
Remove the battery from the chassis, check the
electrolyte level, and charge it fully; refer to
Battery, page 33. Do not connect the battery
cables to the battery posts during storage.
IMPORTANT: The battery must be fully
charged to prevent it from freezing and being
damaged at temperatures below 32°F (0°C). A
fully charged battery maintains its charge for
about 50 days at temperatures lower than
40°F (4°C). If the temperatures will be above
40°F (4°C), check the water level in the
battery and charge it every 30 days.
Remove grass clippings, dirt, and grime from the
external parts of the entire machine, especially
the engine. Clean dirt and chaff from the outside
of the engine’s cylinder head fins and blower
housing.
IMPORTANT: You can wash the machine
with mild detergent and water. Do not
pressure wash the machine. Avoid excessive
use of water, especially near the control panel,
lights, engine, and the battery.
7.
8.
9.
Check the tire pressure; refer to Tire Pressure,
page 26.
10. Prepare the machine for storage when non–use
occurs over 30 days. Prepare machine for storage
as follows.
A. Add a petroleum based
stabilizer/conditioner to fuel in the tank.
Follow mixing instructions from stabilizer
manufacture. (1 oz. per gallon). Do not use
an alcohol based stabilizer (ethenol or
methanol).
Note:
A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most
efffective when mixed with fresh
gasoline and used at all times.
B.
Run engine to distribute conditioned fuel
through the fuel system (5 minutes).
C.
Stop engine, allow to cool and drain the
fuel tank; refer to Fuel Tank, page 28.
D. Restart engine and run it until it stops.
E.
Choke or prime the engine. Start and run
engine until it will not start. Operate primer,
if equipped on machine, several times to
ensure fuel remains in primer system.
F.
Dispose of fuel properly. Recycle as per
local codes.
IMPORTANT: Do not store
stabilizer/conditioned gasoline over 90 days.
37
Maintenance
11. Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws.
Repair or replace any part that is damaged.
12. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint
is available from your Authorized Service
Dealer.
13. Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or
storage area. Remove the keys from the ignition
and “Key Choice” switches and keep it in a
memorable place. Cover the machine to protect
it and keep it clean.
38
Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
Starter does not crank
Engine
g
will not start, starts hard, or
f il to keep
fails
k
running.
i
Engine
g
loses power.
POSSIBLE CAUSES
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1.
Blade control (PTO) is
ENGAGED.
1.
Move blade control (PTO) to
DISENGAGED.
2.
Parking brake is not on.
2.
Set parking brake.
3.
Operator is not seated.
3.
Sit on the seat.
4.
Battery is dead.
4.
Charge the battery.
5.
Electrical connections are
corroded or loose.
5.
Check electrical connections
for good contact.
6.
Fuse is blown.
6.
Replace fuse.
7.
Relay or switch is defective.
7.
Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
1.
Fuel tank is empty.
1.
Fill fuel tank with gasoline.
2.
Choke is not ON.
2.
Move choke lever to ON.
3.
Air cleaner is dirty.
3.
Clean or replace air cleaner
element.
4.
Spark plug wire is loose or
disconnected.
4.
Install wire on spark plug.
5.
Spark plug is pitted, fouled, or
gap is incorrect.
5.
Install new, correctly gapped
spark plug.
6.
Dirt in fuel filter.
6.
Replace fuel filter.
7.
Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
fuel system.
7.
Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
1.
Engine load is excessive.
1.
Reduce ground speed.
2.
Air cleaner is dirty.
2.
Clean air cleaner element.
3.
Oil level in crankcase is low.
3.
Add oil to crankcase.
4.
Cooling fins and air passages
under engine blower housing
are plugged.
4.
Remove obstruction from
cooling fins and air passages.
5.
Spark plug is pitted, fouled, or
gap is incorrect.
5.
Install new, correctly gapped
spark plug.
6.
Vent hole in fuel cap is
plugged.
6.
Clean or replace the fuel cap.
7.
Dirt in fuel filter.
7.
Replace fuel filter.
8.
Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in
fuel system.
8.
Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
39
Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
Engine
g
overheats.
Abnormal vibration.
Machine does not drive.
40
POSSIBLE CAUSES
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1.
Engine load is excessive.
1.
Reduce ground speed.
2.
Oil level in crankcase is low.
2.
Add oil to crankcase.
3.
Cooling fins and air passages
under engine blower housing
are plugged.
3.
Remove obstruction from
cooling fins and air passages.
1.
Engine mounting bolts are
loose.
1.
Tighten engine mounting
bolts.
2.
Loose engine pulley, idler
pulley, or blade pulley.
2.
Tighten the appropriate
pulley.
3.
Engine pulley is damaged.
3.
Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
1.
Drive control is in “PUSH”
position.
1.
Move drive control to
“OPERATE” position.
2.
Traction belt is worn, loose or
broken.
2.
Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
3.
Traction belt is off pulley.
3.
Contact Authorized Service
Dealer.
Consumer
Riding
Products
THE TORO TOTAL COVERAGE GUARANTEE
A Full TwoĆYear Warranty
(Limited Warranty For Commercial Use)
What Is Covered By This Express Warranty?
The Toro Company promises to repair any TORO Product
used for normal residential purposes* if defective in materials
or workmanship for a period of two years from the date of
purchase with the following exceptions:
D Batteries are warranted for one year
This warranty covers the cost of parts and labor as well as
transportation within a 15 mile radius of the servicing dealer.
What Products Are Covered By This Warranty?
This warranty applies to all consumer riding products and
their attachments.
How About Commercial Use?
TORO Consumer Products and attachments used for
commercial, institutional or rental use are covered by a limited
warranty for the following time periods from the date of
purchase:
Products
Warranty Period
D 300 and 5xi Series Tractors
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 year limited warranty
Liquid Cooled Gas Engines . 1 year limited warranty
Air Cooled Gas and Diesel
Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 year limited warranty
D All Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 day limited warranty
How Do You Get Warranty Service?
Should you feel your TORO Product contains a defect in maĆ
terial or workmanship, contact the dealer who sold you the
product or any Authorized TORO Service Dealer or TORO
Master Service Dealer. The Yellow Pages of your telephone
directory is a good reference source. The dealer will either
arrange service at his/her dealership or recommend another
Authorized Service Dealer who may be more convenient. You
may need proof of purchase (copy of registration card, sales
receipt, etc.) for warranty validation.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Dealer's
analysis of the defect in materials or workmanship or if you
need a referral to a TORO Service Dealer, please feel free to
contact us at the following address:
What Must You Do To Keep The Warranty In Effect?
You must maintain your TORO Product by following the mainĆ
tenance procedures described in the operator's manual. Such
routine maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by
you, is at your expense.
What Does This Warranty Not Cover?
and
How Does Your State Law Relate To This Warranty?
There is no other express warranty except for special emission
system coverage on some products. This express warranty
does not cover:
D Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as filters,
fuel, lubricants, tuneĆup parts, blade sharpening, brake and
clutch adjustments.
D Any product or part which has been altered or misused or
required replacement or repair due to normal wear, accidents,
or lack of proper maintenance.
D Repairs necessary due to improper fuel, contaminants in the
fuel system, or failure to properly prepare the fuel system prior
to any period of nonĆuse over three months.
D Pickup and delivery charges for distances beyond a 15 mile
radius from an Authorized TORO Service Dealer.
All repairs covered by this warranty must be performed by an
Authorized TORO Service Dealer using Toro approved replaceĆ
ment parts.
Repair by an Authorized TORO Service Dealer is your sole
remedy under this warranty.
The Toro Company is not liable for indirect, incidental or
consequential damages in connection with the use of the
TORO Products covered by this warranty, including any
cost or expense of providing substitute equipment or serĆ
vice during reasonable periods of malfunction or nonĆuse
pending completion of repairs under this warranty. Some
states do not allow exclusions of incidental or consequenĆ
tial damages, so the above exclusion may not apply to
you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
* Normal residential purposes means mowing the lawn on the
same lot as your home. Use at more than one location is
considered commercial use and the commercial use warĆ
ranty would apply.
Toro Customer Service Department
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420Ć1196
612Ć888Ć8801
800Ć348Ć2424
COUNTRIES OTHER THAN THE UNITED STATES OR CANADA
Customers who have purchased TORO Products exported from the United States or Canada should contact their TORO
Distributor (Dealer) to obtain guarantee policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with
your Distributor's service or have difficulty obtaining guarantee information, contact the TORO importer. If all other remedies
fail, you may contact us at The Toro Company.
Rev. 7/21/97
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