Toro 42" Recycler Mower User manual

Toro 42
 42 in. (107 cm) Recycler® Mower
300/400/500-Series
arden Tractor TORO Wheel Horse
Tractors & Riding Mowers
Recycler® Mower
PRINTED IN U.S.A. 0391 PART NUMBER 810819R1
MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBER
A Model and Serial Number identifies your Toro Wheel
Horse attachment. These numbers should always be re-
ferred to when consulting with your dealer or factory con-
cerning service, replacement parts, of questions you may
have. If plate is re moved during repair operations it should
always be replaced. For your reference, record numbers
from Model and Serial Number plate on your attachment.
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Model and Serial N
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umber Plate
ASSEMBLY
ATTACH HEIGHT CONTROL LEVER
Height control lever must be attached to Mower, #5
described below.
Raise rear of mower and support deck on both side,
using a 4" x 4 wood block. Remove wo bolts and n=:
securing lift quadrant to right rear corner of mower deck (Fi.
1). Remove clamp holding gage wheel support rod. Insial:
height contro! lever and spring as shown in Figure 1. 349
welded pin, on height control lever, into guide hole in gage
wheel support. Position quadrantto hold height control lever
in place and replace clamp, bolts and nuts, Tighten securely
and remove 4" x 4" block.
INSTALLATION
A
али, n°
A
FIG. 1 Install Height Control Lever
IMPORTANT
Before installation, check that all mower blade nuts
are tight:
Blade Nut Torque 80-100 ft. Ibs. (112-1 40Nm)
Check that mower spindles have been lubricated.
Use a pressure grease gun and #2 multipurpose
lithium grease. Grease fittings areontop of spindies.
A CAUTION A
Sharp edges of mower blades can cut you during
blade maintenance or adjustment. Use suitable cov-
ering over cutting edges of blade to prevent bodily
harm.
Place mower along right side of tractor (Fig.2)- Position
height control lever in lowest position.
Raise tractor
Turn front wheels of tractor fully left.
attachment lift.
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FIG. 2 Position Mower to Gight of Traztor
Slide mower under tractor until mower center leveler bar
is directly under right side of tractor frame.
ATTACH MOWER TO TRACTOR
Lower tractor attachment lift. Remove washer and hair-
pin cotter installed on tractor lift bar pin (Fig. 6). Align lift bar
and pin (attached to tractor) with slot in mower leveler bar
(Figs. 2 & 3).
Push mower in until it is centered under tractor.
Open mid Attach-A-Matic hitch by pu shing release button
in and pushing latch lever down (Fig. 4).
Secure mowerto tractor with previously removed washer
and hairpin cotter (Fig. 6)-
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Open front Attach-A-Matic hitch by pushing release but-
n and pulling forward on latch handle (Fig. 7).
Insert shaft of pulley support assembly into hitch slots and
~ ush latch handle rearward to lock latch (Fig. 8).
Риз, В Align Бой
Adjust mower hitch so fork faces upward. Adjust mower so
welded spacers are positioned between tractor hitch plates
(Fig. 5).
Lift mower with attachment lift. NOTE: When using a
manual attachment lift, be sure lift handle “locks” in raised
position.
oF faite thy sug ere >
Close Attach-A-Matic hitch by moving latch lever up.
INSTALL DRIVE BELT AND COVER
Turn belt tension adjustment knob all the way clockwise
(Fig. 9).
Install drive belt in groove of mower drive pulley and
position belt strands around idler pulleys, with inside strand
in “v" pulley and outside strand making a back bend around
flat idler (Fig. 9). Place drive belt on inside groove of PTO
described in tractor Operators Manual (Fig. 10)-
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FIG. 11 Install Pulley SUppur vse:
MOWER LEVEL
Position tractor on a level surface. Adjust all four tires to
12 PSI pressure. Place mower height control lever in middle
cutting position.
Turn mower blades front-to-rear (Fig. 12).
EL Y Kern Fran elle FA He
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FIG. 9. Mower Front Idler Pulleys
MOWER DECK
DIT L 7 ZA eL
SPINDLE
BLADE
MEASURE HERE —
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LEVEL SURF ACE
FIG. 12. Mower Level Measurement
Turn leveling adjustment nut (Fig. 13) clockwise to raise
or counterclockwise to lower front of mower. Adjust sO that
distances from surface to front and rear of blade tips are
equal (Figs. 12, 13 and 14).
Hold pulleys in against thrust collar and adjust drive belt
tension by turning adjusting knob counterclockwise untit ton,
strand of drive belt can be depressed approximately 1 ir 8
(2.5 cm) under moderate finger pressure at mid-point
tween pulleys (Figs. 8,9 & 10).
Remove cover nut making sure spacer remains ons
(Fig. 9). Install cover with pilot pin in slot of support (Fig.
Reinstall cover nut and tighten.
CHECKING MOWER LEVEL
For optimum efficiency, level of mower should be che
at time of initial installation and periodically as a check, tc
if alignment is maintained.
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FIG. 14. 42 in. (107 cm) Rear Discharge Mower
Adjustments
TRACTOR LIFT BAR - TRUNNION AND
LIFT ROD ADJUSTMENT
This adjustment involves parts located on tractor
(Fig. 15). Trunnion on lift chain should be adjusted so that
bumpers on draft bars of mower suspension come in contact
with tractor footrests when mower is fully raised, with trun-
nion stud in rear hole of tractor lift lever.
TRANSPORT LEVEL STOP ADJUSTMENT
For normal operation mover level stops should be ad-
justed so that carriage bolt heads are set at bottom of bracket
slots. If moweris not level, in fully raised position, level stops
may be adjusted by moving them in bracket slots as required
(Fig. 14).
FR. 15. Tractor Lit Bor Trunnion ane Lit Rod
Adjustment
REMOVAL
Set mower gage wheels in lowest cutting position and
lower mower with tractor lit. Turn front wheels all the way
left.
Turn drive belt tension adjustment knob clockwise all the
way and remove belt from mower.
Push mid-hitch lock release button in and open latch,
releasing mower hitch shaft.
Remove hairpin cotter and washer from lift bar pin. Slide
mower right until lift bar pin comes out of slot in leveler bar.
Raise tractor lift and slide mower out from under right side
of tractor.
Remove drive belt from PTO clutch pulley. Remove
pulley support assembly by pushing front hitch lock release
button in and opening latch. Drive belt need not be removed
from pulley support assembly.
OPERATION
IMPORTANT
Every time mower is installed, check for proper
operation of PTO clutch and brake. Adjustment of
PTO is covered in tractor Operator's Manual.
AN CAUTIONA\
To avoid loss of control, slow down when turning,
backing and changing direction. Look behind tractor
to ensure area is clear before backing.
RECYCLER® MOWER TIPS
RECYCLER® MOWER FEATURES
Your Recycler® mower has a new and completely
different cutting concept. It leaves your lawn with a bagged
look without bagging clippings.
Mower is equipped with special parts which increase
ability to cut and recut grass clippings, leaves, and other yard
Sebris into tiny particles which are injected down into the
strass.
TIPS FOR CUTTING GRASS.
Follow these instructions for best cutting results and lawn
=:Dpearance:
1. Always use FAST (full) throttle when mowing.
2. Maintain sharp blades throughout the cutting season.
A sharp blade cuts cleanly and withouttearing or shredding
grass blades like a dull blade. Tearing and shredding
causes grass to turn brown at edges which impairs growth
and increases susceptibility to diseases. About every 30
days, remove wire from tractor engine spark plug and
check cutter blade for sharpness. File down any nicks on
blade to restore its sharp edge.
3. Clean any residue from under side of mower deck and
kickers after each use. If residue is allowed to build up in
mower deck and on kickers, cutting performance may be
unsatisfactory.
4. When Recycler®mower is used to cut a lawn for the first
time, remove about one inch or not more than one third of
the grass blades. When cutting grass over six inches tall,
cut twice to hide clippings down in grass.
5. If grass is ever allowed to grow slightly longer than
normal, or if it contains a high degree of moisture, raise
cutting height higher than usual and cut grass at this
setting. Next, cutgrass again using a lower normal setting.
This method of cutting long grass results in an even
distribution of clippings and an acceptable quality-of-cut.
6. In heat of summer, it is best to cut only about one third
of the grass blades. Cutting more than one third of grass
off is not recommended unless grass is sparse or itis late
fall when grass growth begins to slow down. Cutting grass
down to thatch will reduce room to hide cut grass and will
greatly increase amount of loose clippings.
7. if cutting width of mower is wider than a mower
previously used, raise height-of-cut setting one notch to
ensure undulations in turf are not cut too short.
8. Very long or extremely wet grass can be cut, using
specific operating techniques. Start by setting height-of-
cut in highest position. Using slow speed and maximum
throttle speed, move mower into grass andcuta swath that
is only half as wide as mower deck. Slow forward move-
ment occasionally to allow mower deck to clear itself.
Cutting too much grass may clog mower deck. if mower
deck does clog, disengage PTO, move to cut grass, raise
deck to transport position and engage PTO to clear mower.
Lower deck and move slowly over clumps to disperse.
MOWING IN EXTREME CONDITIONS
Even with the Recycler® mower, you may encounter con-
ditions where it is not possible to incorporate all grass
clippings or leaves into grass.
Air is required to cut and recut grass clippings In mower
deck. It also takes extra power to recut excess clippings
trapped under deck. Do not set height-of-cut too low or
totally surround mower deck by uncut grass after initial cut.
Always try to have one side of mower deck free from uncut
grass, allowing air to be drawn into mower deck. When
making an initial cut thru center of uncut area, operate tractor
at a slower speed and back up if mower starts to clog.
Under some unusual mowing conditions, mower may
leave a “streak” of uncut grass, which can be caused by any
of the following conditions:
1. Engine being operated at less than full throttie.
2. Dull blades or underside of mower deck clogged with
matted grass.
3. Ground speed too high for conditions - adjust to 2 mph
(3.2 kph), or less if necessary.
4. Streaking on turns indicates turns are being made too
sharply.
5_|f blades have been sharpened a number of times, they
may now be too short to “overlap” each other, and must be
replaced.
STOPPING TRACTOR WHEN MOWING
if Forward motion of tractor has to be stopped while cutting,
a clump of grass clippings may be deposited an lawn. Follow
this procedure for stopping tractor while cutting:
1. With blade engaged, move into a previously cut area.
2. Raise mowerto transport position white moving forward
and mower is in operation.
3. Move throttle control lever to SLOW position, stop
motion of tractor, disengage PTO androtate ignition key to
OFF position.
MOW AT PROPER INTERVALS
Under most normal conditions you need to mow approxi-
mately every 4-5 days. However, grass grows at different
rates at different times. This means that in order to maintain
same height-of-cut, which is a good practice, your need to
cut more frequently in early spring; as grass growth rate
slows in mid summer, cut only every 8-10 days. If you are
unable to mow for an extended period due to weather
conditions or other reasons, MOW first with height-of-cut at a
higher level; then mow again 2-3 days later with a normal
height setting.
Alternate mowing direction. This helps dispense clippings
over lawn for even fertilization.
TIPS FOR CUTTING LEAVES
Inthe fall, you can cut your leaves Up into finely cut particles
and inject particles down into grass. When spring arrives,
leaf particles will have decomposed and restored valuable
nutrients into soil.
When cutting is complete, always be sure that 50% of lawn
shows through finely cut leaf cover. This may require one or
more passes over leaves.
if there are more than five inches of leaves on lawn, raise
mower one or two settings higher. This makes it easier to
feed leaves under mower deck.
It leaves are not cut up finely enough to be hidden down in
grass, make a second pass 90° to first pass.
If you cut up a lot of oak leaves, you may want to add lime
lo your grass in the spring. Lime reduces acidity of oak
leaves.
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
LUBRICATION
Mower spindle bearings should be lubricated at 50 operat-
ing hour intervals (Fig. 16). Use a pressure type grease gun
and #2 multi-purpose lithium grease to lubricate spindle
bearings. Four to six pumps of a hand type grease gun will
usually fill each spindle after 50 hours use. Grease fittings
are conveniently located at top of spindle shafts. Lubricate
mower gage wheels every 25 hours.
Lubricate pivoting arms and levers at 25 hour intervals with
light machine oil applied directly to wear surfaces. Antiscalp
rollers should NOT be lubricated.
Fig. 15 Mower Lubiication Fittings
BLADE MAINTENANCE
Sharp edges of mower blades can cut you during blade
maintenance or adjustment. Use suitable covering over
cutting edges of blade to prevent bodily harm.
To obtain optimum mowing results, mower blades should
be kept sharp and well balanced. To sharpen blades,
remove mower from tractor and invert mower. Remove
blades using optional Toro Wheel Horse spindle blade wrench.
Hold spindle hex with wrench while removing blade attach-
ing nuts and washers from end of spindles. If Spindle blade
wrench is not available when servicing, a short piece of 2" x
4" lumber may be placed between side of mower deck and
blade to “lock” it in position while removing attaching hard-
ware.
File or grind blades evenly. Take care to retain angle of
original cutting edge. Blade balance can be checked on an
inexpensive blade balancer, available at most hardware
stores.
Reinstall blades with lift area (turned up section) facing
mower deck. Tighten blade attaching nuts to a torque of 80-
100 ft. Ibs. (112-140 Nm).
UNDERSIDE CLEANING
It is of vital importance to clean underside of mower deck
frequently. Accumulation of matted clippings seriously im-
pairs mower's ability to “lift” grass blades into cutting position
and discharge clippings evenly. Matted grass clogging
underside of mower is often times a cause of uneven cutting.
REPLACEMENT BELTS
Be sure to purchase genuine Toro Wheel Horse belts for
replacement purposes as these belts are designed specifi-
cally for each application.
MOWER DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT
(Refer to Figures 8 thru 11)
Turn belt adjustment knob all the way clockwise.
Remove belt cover retaining nut and remove cover being
careful not to lose pulley cover spacer. Reinstall nut finger
tight to avoid possibility of pulleys and spacers coming off.
Remove belt from PTO, mower and idler pulleys and
examine condition of pulleys making sure pulley grooves and
Dearings are in good condition.
Install replacement belt and adjust tension as outlined
under “Install Drive Belt and Cover" section in this manual.
SPINDLE BELT REPLACEMENT
Remove mower from tractor.
Remove two side belt covers and note routing of belt.
Remove belt. Check to be sure all pulleys work freely. Install
a new belt in accordance with belt diagram located on
mower. Replace both belt covers.
GENERAL CARE AND STORAGE
Top of mower deck should be washed with a garden hose
after each use. A mild automotive detergent may be used to
remove stubborn dirt. After washing, allow mower to dry,
Then start tractor and engage mower for approximately one
minute to remove excess water from belts and pulleys.
Touch-up painted surfaces with a fresh coat of “Toro Wheel
Horse Red", available from your authorized Toro Wheel
Horse dealer in aerosol cans.
Store mower in a clean, dry place or protect it with a
weather-proof cover when stored outdoors.
A separate parts manual for your Toro Wheel Horse product can be obtained
by completing the attached form below. You will receive an invoice with manual.
PUBLICATIONS
TORO WHEEL HORSE
8111 Lyndale Ave. So.
Bloomington, Minnesota 55420
MAIL LABEL -- PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY
PARTS MANUAL ORDER FORM
Enter number shown on your attachment: TO:
Name
MODEL
SERIAL Address
TORO Whee! Horse
515 WEST IRELAND ROAD
SOUTH BEND, INDIANA 48614 USA City State Zip
Product information and specifications are
shown herein as of the lime of printing. Toro
Wheel Horse reserves the right to change
product specifications, designs and stan-
dard equipment without notice and without
incurring obligation.
Wheel Horse
Tractors & Riding Mowers
Right at home.
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