ADS FlowShark User manual

ADS FlowShark User manual
ADS Intrinsically-Safe
FlowShark
Installation, Operation, and
Maintenance Manual
March 2011
QR 775003 A2
4940 Research Drive
Huntsville, Alabama 35805
(256) 430-3366
www.adsenv.com
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
 2011 ADS LLC. All rights reserved.
ADS, FlowShark, Profile, ADS Model 3600, and MLI are
registered trademarks of ADS LLC.
AT&T is a trademark of AT&T Intellectual Property.
Enfora is a trademark of Enfora, Incorporated.
Micrsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation.
Scotchkote is a trademark of 3M.
Velcro is a registered trademark of Velcro Industries B.V.
All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
Notice of Proprietary Information
The information contained herein represents the latest information
available at the time of publication. ADS LLC reserves the right to
make any changes or modifications to the content of this document,
without notice, to reflect the latest changes to the equipment. No
part of this document may be reproduced in any form without the
written consent of ADS LLC.
Table of Contents
iii
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction…….. ..................... 1-1
Intrinsic Safety ............................................................... 1-2
FlowShark IS System Description ........................... 1-3
Installation and IS Considerations ........................... 1-5
Special Conditions for Safe Use.............................. 1-5
Maintenance Restrictions ............................................... 1-7
Warnings, Certifications, FCC Compliance, and
Conformity ....................................................... 1-8
Changes or Modifications ....................................... 1-8
Control Drawing...................................................... 1-9
FCC Compliance ..................................................... 1-9
U.S. Hazardous Area Compliance ......................... 1-11
European ATEX Hazardous Area Compliance ..... 1-12
Additional Notice of Canadian Emissions
Requirements ................................................. 1-32
Declaration of Conformity .................................... 1-32
Installation and Configuration ...................................... 1-34
Product Warranty ......................................................... 1-35
New Product Warranty.......................................... 1-35
Out-of-Warranty Product Repairs ......................... 1-36
Troubleshooting Fee ............................................. 1-36
Shipping ................................................................ 1-36
Chapter 2 System Overview ..................... 2-1
ADS FlowShark IS Flow Monitor .................................. 2-4
Communications...................................................... 2-5
Digital Signal Processor .......................................... 2-5
Analog Board .......................................................... 2-7
Voltage to Frequency Board ................................... 2-8
Voltage Regulator Board......................................... 2-9
Connectors ............................................................ 2-10
Power .................................................................... 2-10
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Sensors ......................................................................... 2-12
IS Ultrasonic Depth Sensor ................................... 2-12
IS Pressure Depth Sensor ...................................... 2-14
IS Doppler Velocity Sensor .................................. 2-15
Chapter 3 Sensor Installation and
Connection…. .................. 3-1
Investigating Site Characteristics ................................... 3-3
Flow Hydraulics ...................................................... 3-3
Pipe and Manhole Characteristics ........................... 3-4
Installing the Sensors in the Pipe.................................... 3-6
Standard Installation................................................ 3-6
Special Installations .............................................. 3-25
Securing the Sensor Cables in the Pipe and Manhole .. 3-43
Connecting the Sensors to the Monitor ........................ 3-45
Securing the Dryer Tube to the Monitor ............... 3-46
Chapter 4 Communication… .................... 4-1
Installing the Monitor Communication Hardware .......... 4-2
Installing the Communication Cable ....................... 4-2
Installing the Wireless EMU ................................... 4-8
Connecting to the Monitor in the Field ........................ 4-17
Connecting Directly to the Monitor ...................... 4-17
Connecting to the Monitor through the EMU
Serial Cable .................................................... 4-18
Chapter 5 External Power…. .................... 5-1
Typical Installation ......................................................... 5-2
DC Power Requirements ......................................... 5-2
Installing an ADS Power Supply............................. 5-3
Converting Battery-Powered Equipment to
Receive External Power ................................... 5-6
Table of Contents
v
Chapter 6 Configuration and Activation .. 6-1
Configuring the Monitor Location ................................. 6-2
Launching the Profile Software ............................... 6-2
Creating a Monitor Location ................................... 6-4
Creating an Installation Table ................................. 6-6
Selecting and Editing Devices ............................... 6-11
Setting the Communication Parameters ........................ 6-20
Activating the Monitor ................................................. 6-24
Running Device Diagnostics ........................................ 6-26
Collecting Data from the Monitor ................................ 6-34
Upgrading the Monitor Firmware................................. 6-42
Viewing Diagnostic and Data Logs .............................. 6-45
Chapter 7 Monitor Installation .................. 7-1
Mounting the Monitor to the Manhole Wall................... 7-2
Mounting the Monitor to the Manhole Rim.................... 7-5
Chapter 8 Maintenance and
Troubleshooting .............. 8-1
Maintaining the System Components ............................. 8-2
Gathering Replacement Parts and Supplies ............. 8-2
Inspecting the Monitor ............................................ 8-3
Checking the Sensors ............................................ 8-11
Replacing EMU Components ................................ 8-14
Troubleshooting ........................................................... 8-18
General Monitor Problems .................................... 8-20
External Power ...................................................... 8-23
IS Ultrasonic Depth Subsystem ............................. 8-24
IS Doppler Velocity Subsystem ............................ 8-27
IS Pressure Depth Subsystem ................................ 8-29
Appendix A Specifications… .................... A-1
FlowShark IS Flow Monitor................................... A-1
IS Digital Signal Processor Board .......................... A-3
IS Analog Signal Processor Board ......................... A-4
IS Voltage Regulator Board ................................... A-4
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Voltage to Frequency Board .................................. A-5
Wireless External Modem Unit .............................. A-5
Communication Interface Board ............................ A-6
ADS Power Supply ................................................ A-6
IS PC Communication Interface Cable .................. A-7
Intrinsically-Safe Sensors ....................................... A-7
Appendix B Part Numbers…..................... B-1
1-1
CHAPTER 1
Introduction
The ADS® Intrinsically Safe FlowShark® long-term flow monitor
(FlowShark IS) measures open channel flow in sanitary sewers,
storm sewers, and other environments to assist municipalities and
other industry in addressing the following issues:

Planning sewer systems (sizing and rehabilitation)

Reducing infiltration and inflow (I/I)

Monitoring combined sewer overflows (CSOs)

Detecting and monitoring surcharges

Managing inner-agency billing

Monitoring sewage handling facilities (wastewater treatment
plants and pump stations)
The battery or external DC-powered, digital signal processor-based
FlowShark IS monitor provides exceptional accuracy and reliability
in measuring open-channel flow depth and velocity to determine
flow rate (quantity) in sewer lines. This flow data is the essential
element required to successfully perform investigative, analytical,
and reporting activities.
This manual offers detailed instructions on installing the FlowShark
IS flow monitor and sensors, providing communication with
monitor (remotely by TCP/IP wireless or on-site by serial
connection), and performing routine maintenance and
troubleshooting on the system.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Intrinsic Safety
Intrinsic Safety is a protection classification for equipment that
ensures there are no conditions under which the equipment can
operate that could cause a release of energy sufficient to ignite a
hazardous gas or dust mixture. Devices that meet the low power,
current-limited design criteria are deemed Intrinsically Safe (IS).
Special design, testing, quality, and inspection rules apply to
manufacturers and users of IS equipment due to the critical nature
of the equipments’ deployment in hazardous areas. Areas in which
hazardous conditions can be expected to exist on a constant basis
are categorized (rated) as Class I, Division 1, in the USA and as
Zone 0 in Europe. Some U.S. cities and states have adopted the
NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) classification that
rates sanitary sewers as Class I, Division 1, areas. Many European
Union member states have classified their sanitary sewer systems as
Zone 0 or Zone 1 environments.
The FlowShark IS (Model 5000-IS1-xx-x) flow monitor is certified
to UL standards in the U.S. and to ATEX standards in Europe, and
it is approved for use in all classified (hazardous) sanitary sewer
and industrial hazardous areas. Many rest-of-world countries accept
the U.S. or ATEX certifications in lieu of their country-specific
requirements. It is the customer’s responsibility to ensure that
the certification(s) provided for the ADS equipment meets the
customer’s regulatory requirements.
Note: FlowShark IS models include 5000-IS1-US-01,
5000-IS1-US, 5000-IS1-01, and 5000-IS1. In the
remainder of this manual, all models of FlowShark IS are
referred to as ADS Model 5000-IS1, unless otherwise
specified.
Introduction
1-3
FlowShark IS System Description
The FlowShark IS unit is approved for use only with approved ADS
IS sensors, communication cables and telemetry equipment.
Connection of any non-approved devices could result in unsafe
operation and will immediately void the warranty and IS
certification.
Sensors
One of each type of IS sensor is approved for connection to the
FlowShark IS flow monitor. Following are the approved IS sensors:

IS Ultrasonic Depth Sensor (ADS p/n 106186A)

IS Pressure Depth Sensor (ADS p/n 3754-0001/0002/0003)

IS Doppler Velocity (ADS p/n 106194A)
Extension cables of up to 300 feet are available for these sensors.
Power
The FlowShark IS flow monitor can receive power from an internal
or external source:


Internal The FlowShark IS flow monitor can receive power
from an internal 9-volt IS battery (ADS p/n 106152A) or 12volt IS battery (ADS p/n 8000-0043-01/02).
External The FlowShark IS flow monitor can receive power
from an external source through an External Modem Unit
(EMU – ADS p/n 3800-0148EP). The externally-powered
EMU contains protection circuitry that limits the amount of
power that can reach the monitor. External power eliminates
the need for periodic battery pack replacement and disposal.
Warning: Except as noted below, under no
circumstances can external power be applied directly to the
monitor. Any attempt to power the monitor without using
the EMU will void the warranty and possibly create an
unsafe operating condition in hazardous areas.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Note: A legacy Rechargeable Battery Pack (RBP) may be
connected to the COMM connector on the FlowShark IS
in a similar manner as it is connected to the ADS Model
3600 flow monitor.
Telemetry
Only the Wireless External Modem Unit (EMU) (ADS p/n 38000148 or 3800-148EP) is approved for connection to the FlowShark
IS. The EMU provides wireless telemetry via a quad-band
GSM/GPRS modem that is isolated and mounted in an enclosure
outside the hazardous area. The EMU connects to the FlowShark IS
via an approved Communication Cable (ADS p/n 106227A-xxx,
where xxx represents the length of the cable) that is direct-buried or
enclosed in conduit per local regulations.
Note: ADS wireless communication products (in this
case, the GSM/GPRS modem in the EMU) use static IP
address network services provided by AT&T (formerly
Cingular Wireless). Therefore, any installation location
designated for wireless communication must have access to
AT&T 850 or 1900 MHz service. Each wireless device
will be fitted with a SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) card
that is provisioned by AT&T with specific account and
network information for use with ADS software.
Additional Features
Special features of the FlowShark IS flow monitor include the
following.


All monitors are checked carefully before being shipped. Each
component is guaranteed to meet specifications. Internal quality
inspectors complete the pre-shipping inspection.
All monitors connect to existing ADS IS 106 series sensors.
The female connector is located on the flow monitor chassis;
the male connector is located on the sensor cable (unlike other
ADS monitors). This arrangement of connectors prevents
mismatching with non-IS sensors.
Introduction

1-5
Only limited field repairs to the FlowShark IS are allowed; all
other repairs must be performed by an ADS authorized
technician. For information on allowable field repairs, refer to
Maintenance Restrictions on page 1-7.
Installation and IS Considerations
When installing the FlowShark IS flow monitor, carefully follow all
local regulations for the installation of IS equipment. For example,
many cities only allow the use of IS-certified tools (flashlights,
radios, etc.) in manholes. Some cities will not allow the use of an
electric drill, battery- or AC-powered, in a manhole. In this case, air
(pneumatic) tools must be used. When in doubt as to the applicable
regulations, check with the collection system owner or the
corresponding safety representative.
Special Conditions for Safe Use
During the ATEX approval process, certain conditions are set forth
that must be observed when using the approved equipment. These
“Special Conditions for Safe Use” can be found in the body of each
ATEX Certification (included in this manual), as well as on a page
attached to the Declaration of Conformity. Following is a summary
of these Safe Use Instructions:
•
When internal battery power is in use, the ADS Model 5000IS1-01 or the ADS Model 5000-IS1-US-01 shall only use one
of the following ADS IS battery packs (p/n 106152 (9-volt) or
8000-0043-01/02 (12-volt)).
•
The ADS Model 5000-IS1 shall only be used in the hazardous
area when fully assembled. Conduct maintenance of internal
parts or battery changes only when the unit is located in a safe
area.
1-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
•
Only ADS approved sensors (ADS p/n 106186, 106194, and
3754-0001/0002/0003) shall be connected to the ADS Model
5000-IS1.
•
Due to the use of aluminum in the chassis of the ADS Model
5000-IS1, use special care when working with the product in
the hazardous area. Avoid any impact with the aluminum parts
(especially by rusted iron) that could produce a spark.
•
The only devices that may be connected to the COMM
Connector on the 5000-IS1 are the PC Communication Cable
(ADS p/n 106228) and the Communication Cable (ADS p/n
106227) connecting the monitor to the EMU Communication
Interface (ADS p/n 106226A). Only factory built
communication cables (ADS p/n 106227) shall be used.
•
In general, never rub any of the plastic parts (specifically, the
PVC connector potting boots and the velocity sensor housing)
with a dry cloth. This could result in the buildup of dangerous
static charges.
Introduction
1-7
Maintenance Restrictions
As mentioned earlier, all ADS FlowShark IS flow monitors are
manufactured to meet IS standards. ADS can void the monitor’s IS
certification instantly if proper maintenance and service
procedures are not followed. ADS must restrict certain
maintenance tasks to ADS IS-certified technicians.
ADS technicians carefully inspect and document their repairs of IS
monitors. This inspection and documentation process provides legal
protection should the monitor's performance or safety be in
question.
If you experience trouble with this equipment, please refer to the
troubleshooting guidelines in Chapter 8, Maintenance and
Troubleshooting. The following maintenance procedures can be
conducted in the field, and these procedures must be performed
only as explained in this manual:

Install and swap monitor

Install and swap sensors

Install and swap battery

Install and swap wireless modem

Install and swap SIM

Clean sensors

Confirm sensors

Collect data
Note: In all applications, only ADS IS-certified Service
Technicians are authorized to perform component-level
service on the FlowShark IS.
For any questions concerning the procedures, warranty information,
or level of service you are allowed to perform on a monitor, please
contact the ADS Client Services Department at
[email protected] or 877-237-9585.
1-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Warnings, Certifications, FCC
Compliance, and Conformity
Manhole and sewer system work involves confined space entry and
is inherently dangerous. Therefore, installers and technicians should
comply with all federal, state, and municipal regulations concerning
confined space entry.
In addition, personnel installing and maintaining this equipment
should follow all guidelines presented in this manual concerning
monitor installation and maintenance. Failure to strictly adhere to
these guidelines can result in personal injury and/or damage to the
monitor.
Changes or Modifications
Changes or modifications to the FlowShark IS flow monitor not
expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance will
void the IS certification.
Personnel performing installation of the FlowShark IS flow monitor
should carefully follow the guidelines contained in this manual
when installing and maintaining the monitor. Failure to strictly
adhere to these guidelines can result in personal injury and cause
damage to the monitor, which would invalidate the warranty.
The FlowShark IS flow monitor is designed to be installed in
combined and sanitary sewer lines and manholes. This installation
work is inherently dangerous. All applicable safety guidelines
should be followed and carried out by at least two fully trained and
qualified persons.
Introduction
1-9
Control Drawing
This drawing depicts the interconnections allowed for the
FlowShark IS. It is intended for use by inspection professionals for
audit certificate compliance: however, it is beneficial to understand
the FlowShark IS system structure.
FlowShark IS control drawing
For a full-size copy of this drawing, please contact ADS Client
Services.
FCC Compliance
To comply with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC),
and European regulatory agencies, ADS Environmental Services
provides the following information about installing and operating
the FlowShark IS wireless modem and monitor.
FCC Part 15
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception (which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on), you should try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:



reorient or relocate the radio or television antenna,
move and/or increase the distance between the computer and
the radio or television, and
plug the computer in an outlet different than the radio or
television.
If these suggestions do not help, contact the ADS Client Services
Department at [email protected] or 877-237-9585,
or an experienced radio/television technician.
GSM/GPRS Modem Information
ADS has incorporated a third-party FCC approved commercial
GSM/GPRS modem as part of their wireless products and has made
no modifications to the device or recommended installation.
The following information is an excerpt from the Enfora SA-GL
Users Manual (Version 1.04) showing the FCC and European
R&TTE-CE Statement for the Enfora GSM1218 GSM/GPRS
Wireless Modem:
Introduction
1-11
R&TTE-CE Information
U.S. Hazardous Area Compliance
The FlowShark IS has been certified for use in Class I, Division 1,
Group C & D, hazardous areas by QPS Evaluation Services. All
units (monitors) must bear the following label, as well as an
individually serialized blue QPS Field Evaluation label to
substantiate certification:
1-12
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Intrinsically-safe equipment label
European ATEX Hazardous Area Compliance
The following instructions apply to equipment covered by
certificate number Sira 06ATEX2039X (reference European ATEX
Directive 94/9/EC, Annex II, 1.0.6.):





The equipment may be used with flammable gases and vapors
with apparatus groups IIA and IIB and with temperature classes
T1, T2, T3, and T4.
The equipment is certified for use only in ambient temperatures
in the range of 0oC to 40oC and should not be used outside this
range.
The certificate number has an suffix of ‘X’, which indicates
that special conditions of installation and use apply. Those
installing or inspecting this equipment must have access to the
contents of the certificate.
Installation shall be carried out in accordance with the
applicable code of practice by suitably-trained personnel.
Repair of this equipment shall be carried out in accordance
with the applicable code of practice.
Introduction

1-13
If the equipment is likely to come into contact with aggressive
substances, the user must take suitable precautions to prevent it
from being adversely affected, ensuring that the type of
protection is not compromised.
 Aggressive substances include acidic liquids or gases that
may attack metals or solvents that may affect polymeric
materials.
 Suitable precautions include regular checks during routine
inspections or confirming from the material’s data sheet
that it is resistant to specific chemicals.


No special inspection or maintenance conditions are required
other than a periodic check.
Units delivered to Europe must bear the following label to
substantiate conformance to ATEX standards as approved by
SIRA Certification Services:
Sira certification label
The following EC Type Examination Certificates can also be used
to substantiate conformance to applicable EU laws for IS
equipment:
Note: These certificate copies were current at the time of
this manual publication. If the latest versions are required,
please contact ADS Client Services.
1-14
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
FlowShark IS ATEX Certificate - Page 1
Introduction
FlowShark IS ATEX Certificate - Page 2
1-15
1-16
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
FlowShark IS ATEX Certificate - Page 3
Introduction
FlowShark IS ATEX Certificate – Page 4
1-17
1-18
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
FlowShark IS ATEX Certificate – Annex Page 1
Introduction
FlowShark IS ATEX Certificate – Annex Page 2
1-19
1-20
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
106228 PC Comm Cable ATEX Certificate - Page 1
Introduction
106228 PC Comm Cable ATEX Certificate - Page 2
1-21
1-22
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
106124 Comm Interface ATEX Certificate - Page 1
Introduction
106124 Comm Interface ATEX Certificate - Page 2
1-23
1-24
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
106124 Comm Interface ATEX Certificate - Page 3
Introduction
106186 Ultrasonic Depth Sensor ATEX Certificate - Page 1
1-25
1-26
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
106186 Ultrasonic Depth Sensor ATEX Certificate - Page 2
Introduction
3754-0001 Pressure Sensor ATEX Certificate - Page 1
1-27
1-28
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
3754-0001 Pressure Sensor ATEX Certificate - Page 2
Introduction
3754-0001 Pressure Sensor ATEX Certificate - Page 3
1-29
1-30
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
106194 Velocity Sensor ATEX Certificate - Page 1
Introduction
106194 Velocity Sensor ATEX Certificate - Page 2
1-31
1-32
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Additional Notice of Canadian Emissions
Requirements
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio
noise emissions from digital apparatus, which were set out in the
Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of
Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n'emet pas de bruits radioelectriques
depassant les limites applicables aux appareils numeriques (de la
class A) prescrites dans le Reglement sur le brouillage
radioelectrique edicte par le ministere des Communications du
Canada.
Declaration of Conformity
For European (EC member country) applications, a Declaration of
Conformity (DoC) is required to be kept on file at the facility
responsible for repair and maintenance of this equipment. A copy of
the relevant DoC is also shipped with each product. For any
questions about the Declaration of Conformity, contact the ADS
Client Services Department at [email protected] or
877-237-9585.
Introduction
Sample Declaration of Conformity
1-33
1-34
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Installation and Configuration
Following is the general procedure for installing and configuring a
FlowShark monitor. Refer to Chapters 3 through 7 for more details.


Investigate the Site Characteristics
•
Flow Hydraulics
•
Pipe and Manhole Characteristics
Install the Sensors in the Pipe
•
Assemble the Ring (when applicable)
•
Mount the Sensors to the Ring or Special Bands
•
Secure the Sensor Cables to the Ring or Special Bands
•
Install the Ring or Band in the Pipe
•
Secure the Sensor Cables Along the Pipe and Up the
Manhole

Connect the Sensors to the Monitor

Attach the Dryer Tube to the Monitor

Establish Wireless or On-Site Communication with
the Monitor

Configure the Monitor (Profile )
®
•
Create the Monitor Location
•
Create the Installation Table
•
Select and Edit the Devices

Set the Communication Parameters (Profile)

Activate the Monitor (Profile)

Run Diagnostics and Perform Confirmations (Profile)

Install the Monitor in the Manhole
Introduction
1-35
Product Warranty
This section includes the warranty information for the ADS
FlowShark IS flow monitor.
New Product Warranty
All new products manufactured by ADS will be free from defects in
material and workmanship for up to one (1) year following the date
of shipment from ADS. During this warranty period, upon
satisfactory proof of a defect, the product may be returned for repair
or replacement, at ADS’s sole option. No returns will be accepted
unless the Owner has prepaid shipping and has received a prior
authorization return number from ADS. Please contact ADS to
obtain an authorization return number. Warranty repairs and
replacements will be performed only by ADS. Any unauthorized
repair or replacement will void this product warranty. Any repair or
replacement will be covered by this new product warranty for ninety
(90) days from the date that such repaired or replaced product is
shipped from ADS. This warranty is available only if the product
has been installed and operated in accordance with the procedures
outlined in the ADS Operations and Maintenance Manual. This
warranty does not apply to damage by catastrophes of nature, fire,
explosion, acts of God (including, but not limited to, lightning
damage and power surges), accidents, improper use or service,
damage during transportation, or other similar causes beyond
ADS’s control.
1-36
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Out-of-Warranty Product Repairs
After the new product warranty expires, a product may be returned,
at the owner’s prepaid expense, to ADS for repair. The owner will
pay for all parts and labor associated with the repair. Any repair part
will be covered by the new product warranty for 90 days from the
date of shipment from ADS.
Troubleshooting Fee
ADS will charge a troubleshooting fee if the reported product defect
cannot be found and/or the reported defect is not due to a defect in
materials or workmanship.
Shipping
All repaired products will be returned via surface transportation
prepaid by ADS. Import duties, fees, taxes, and other related
charges are the responsibility of the owner.
THIS IS THE ONLY WARRANTY FOR ADS PRODUCTS.
NO OTHER WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR
MERCHANTABILITY. PRODUCT REPAIR OR
REPLACEMENT IS THE ONLY REMEDY. IN NO EVENT
WILL ADS BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR SPECIAL DAMAGES.
2-1
CHAPTER 2
System Overview
The ADS® FlowShark® IS flow monitor uses three flow
measurement devices to gather raw flow data: a quadredundant,
intrinsically-safe (IS) ultrasonic depth sensor; an IS pressure depth
sensor; and an IS Doppler peak velocity sensor. The IS ultrasonic
and pressure depth sensors apply independent measurement
techniques to collect information used in flow depth calculations.
The IS Doppler velocity sensor gathers peak flow velocity data.
The monitor receives the raw flow depth and velocity data from the
sensors based on a defined time interval and then processes the
data, which may involve calculating the flow rate. The monitor
memory can store over 140 days of data logged at a 15-minute
sample rate. This data is available to the user for collection, further
processing, analysis, and reporting. These reports can assist
municipalities and other industry in planning improvements and
additions to sewer systems, improving the accuracy of billing
information, and providing information for the overall management
of sewer systems.
The FlowShark IS monitor and sensors are primarily designed for
monitoring flow in sanitary and storm sewers. The monitor mounts
to the manhole rim or wall slightly below the manhole cover; the
sensors typically attach to a ring installed in the sewer pipe a short
distance upstream from the manhole invert. The FlowShark IS
monitor can support one of each sensor type. These sensors display
exceptional durability and accuracy, even under harsh and turbulent
flow monitoring conditions.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Typical FlowShark IS flow monitoring system installation
Communication between the monitor and the user’s office or field
computer can occur over TCP/IP (remote, wireless communication),
or a direct connection cable (on-site communication).
Special software called Profile® enables the user to configure and
communicate with the monitor for activation, data collection, and
diagnostic purposes. Configuration involves defining the Location
Information File (LIF) for storage in the user's local directory and
building the code and variables for the site. The LIF contains
information such as pipe characteristics, monitor identification,
selected devices, sensor offsets, data log rate, and other parameters
necessary for measuring the flow both accurately and efficiently.
Activation involves downloading the site-specific information from
the LIF (stored in the user's local directory or network drive) to the
monitor. It also includes initiating monitor activities such as taking
sensor readings, logging flow data, and managing event notification.
System Overview
2-3
Profile also enables the user to process the flow data, generate
graphical and tabular reports, organize data in the user's local
directory, and maintain logs of communication between the monitor
and the user's PC.
Note: Refer to the Profile User's Guide (#950015**) for
more information.
2-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
ADS FlowShark IS Flow Monitor
The FlowShark IS flow monitor is a waterproof, airtight,
cylindrical, marine-grade aluminum canister housing a chassis
securing multiple printed circuit boards and a portable power source
(when applicable). The one-piece internal chassis, attached to the
inside of the monitor lid, provides a mounting surface for the
following boards:

Digital Signal Processor Board

Analog Board supporting Ultrasonic, Pressure, and Velocity

Voltage to Frequency Board

Voltage Regulator Board
FlowShark IS flow monitor with chassis (left) removed from enclosure (right)
The following FlowShark IS monitors are available through ADS:
Part Number
Description
5000-IS1-US-01
With Internal Battery
5000-IS1-US
Without Internal Battery
5000-IS1
For EU without Internal Battery
5000-IS1-01
For EU with Internal Battery
System Overview
2-5
Communications
ADS offers remote wireless communication for the FlowShark IS
monitor. The wireless communication is performed over the
GSM/GPRS cellular network using TCP/IP (Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol) through the modem in the EMU. TCP/IP
facilitates high-speed, low-cost, efficient communication in areas
with GSM/GPRS coverage.
On-site communication with all monitors is available through an IS
PC direct connection cable (ADS p/n 106228A) or an EMU serial
cable (ADS p/n 3800-0147).
Note: If the monitor is externally powered, the user
cannot connect directly to the monitor using the direct
connection cable (ADS p/n 106228A cable). The user
must use the EMU serial cable (ADS p/n 3800-0147).
Digital Signal Processor
The Digital Signal Processor (DSP) board (ADS p/n 5000-0636)
contains the central processing unit (CPU). As the source of all
monitor activity, the DSP board is responsible for all of the
monitor's high-level functions, including the following:

Controlling user communication with the monitor

Scanning the analog board to retrieve and store sensor data

Maintaining the monitor time and date

Performing power management

Providing each board with the parameters required to carry out
the associated operations

Transmitting the stored and current data to the user's PC

Initiating event notification through alarms
2-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
The board allocates portions of memory to firmware (embedded
code in the monitor that can be updated remotely) and data storage.
A seven-segment (SS) light-emitting diode (LED) located on the
processor board indicates the current monitor communication and
operational activity. The board also includes the monitor clock,
random access memory (RAM), and Flash. The monitor uses RAM
while taking readings and processing the flow data. The RAM then
downloads the data to Flash, or non-volatile memory, which also
stores the monitor firmware and configuration information. Flash
ensures the monitor maintains the data during battery pack
replacement or a power failure.
DSP Board
FlowShark IS DSP Board
System Overview
2-7
Analog Board
The Analog board (ADS p/n 5000-0637) controls the sampling of
the FlowShark IS sensors. It receives signals from the DSP board
telling it when to initiate sensor readings for the IS ultrasonic,
pressure, and velocity sensors. Once the sensor readings are
acquired, the analog board sends the readings to the DSP for storage
in the FlowShark IS monitor memory.
Analog Board, Potted
Analog Board LED
FlowShark IS potted Analog Board with LED
2-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Voltage to Frequency Board
The Voltage to Frequency board (ADS p/n 5000-0661) allows the
FlowShark IS monitor to safely read the internal battery voltage.
The user can access the internal monitor voltage during data collects
to determine whether sufficient voltage is available to power the
FlowShark IS monitor. If the voltage drops below a threshold of 6.5
volts, the user will receive a warning that the battery pack requires
replacement.
V-F Board
FlowShark IS Voltage to Frequency Board on DSP Board
System Overview
2-9
Voltage Regulator Board
The Voltage Regulator board (ADS p/n 5000-0638) regulates and
distributes power to the analog and DSP boards. The regulator
board is critical to intrinsically-safe operation. It regulates the
voltage supplied from the internal IS battery or external power to
the FlowShark IS boards to ensure that the monitor always operates
within its IS certification requirements. It also contains fuse and
current limiting components that will limit and/or interrupt power if
a fault condition occurs.
Regulator Board, Potted
FlowShark IS Regulator Board on DSP Board Side
2-10
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Connectors
Connectors located on top of the monitor receive the following
cabling and components:

IS ultrasonic depth sensor (ADS p/n 106186A)

IS Doppler velocity sensor (ADS p/n 106194A)

IS pressure depth sensor (ADS p/n 3754-0001/0002/0003)


Communication cable for either on-site (ADS p/n 106228A) or
remote (ADS p/n 106227) communications and external power
supply
Air pressure valve (for testing purposes only)
The connectors are keyed to ensure that only the proper sensor or
communication cable can be connected to each port.
Power
The FlowShark IS flow monitor can receive power internally or
externally.
Internal Power
Internal power is supplied to the FlowShark IS flow monitor by an
IS 9-volt battery pack (ADS p/n 106152A) or an IS 12-volt battery
pack (ADS p/n 8000-0043-01/02). The battery pack resides within
the FlowShark IS enclosure and powers operations and sustains the
monitor memory (RAM) through the power supply on the processor
board. The voltage supplied by the IS battery pack is regulated by
the Voltage Regulator board for intrinsically-safe monitor
operation. The user receives a warning when the voltage from the
internal IS battery pack drops below 6.5 volts.
Note: ADS offers a conversion kit (p/n 5000-0780-01) to
upgrade an existing FlowShark IS monitor from a 9-volt
battery pack to a 12-volt battery pack.
System Overview
2-11
FlowShark IS 9-volt (left) and 12-volt (right) internal battery packs
External Power
The monitor (and EMU) also can receive power from an external
DC power source. All external power to the monitor comes through
the EMU and is delivered to the monitor via the Communication
Cable (ADS p/n 106227). The EMU contains protection circuitry
that limits the amount of power that can reach the monitor. The
internal monitor and EMU battery packs must be removed prior to
connecting the units to external power. External power eliminates
the need for periodic battery pack replacement and disposal. For
more information, refer to Chapter 5, External Power.
Note: Although no longer sold, the Rechargeable Battery
Pack (RBP - ADS Model 3600RBP) can be connected
directly to the 5000-IS1 or connected via the approved Y
cable.
Warning: With the exception of the RBP noted above,
under no circumstances can the monitor receive external
power directly. Attempting to power the monitor without
an EMU will void the warranty and potentially create an
unsafe operating condition in hazardous areas.
2-12
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Sensors
The FlowShark IS flow monitor uses various sensors to gather raw
flow data. The IS ultrasonic and pressure depth sensors use
independent measurement techniques to collect information
concerning the depth of the flow. The Doppler velocity sensor
gathers peak flow velocity data.
A sewer system's hydraulics are much more stable and uniform in
the incoming pipe than in the manhole invert or outgoing pipe.
Therefore, the sensors mount to a stainless steel expandable ring or
stainless steel bands installed in the pipe upstream from the
manhole. Installing them upstream minimizes hydraulic effects and
erroneous data readings caused by foamy waters, flow waves, sewer
noise, non-laminar flow, and obstructions in the manhole.
IS Ultrasonic Depth Sensor
The IS ultrasonic depth sensor (ADS p/n 106186A-30), which
mounts at the crown of the pipe, transmits sound waves from the
sensor face to the surface of the flow. It then measures the time
elapsed between transmission and reception of the sound signal.
The distance between the sensor face and flow surface is the range.
Based on the elapsed time and the speed of sound, the monitor
calculates the depth of the flow by subtracting the range from the
pipe diameter. The monitor compensates for the speed of sound in
air using the temperature recorded by one of two temperature
sensors housed within the ultrasonic depth sensor. The second
temperature sensor serves as a backup.
System Overview
2-13
Ultrasonic depth sensor sending signals to flow surface to determine range
Quadredundancy
Each ultrasonic depth sensor contains four ultrasonic transducers for
taking readings to give the sensor quadredundancy, which ensures
greater sensor reading reliability. To take a reading, one transducer
transmits a sound wave while a second transducer listens for the
returning echo. Each transducer has its own electronic circuitry and
dedicated wiring for true redundancy.
Ultrasonic Depth Processing
The standard method for processing ultrasonic depth involves firing
the sensor once to take readings for predefined transducer pairs.
The monitor performs a detailed analysis of all the returning echoes
that involves amplifying the good readings and attenuating the false
and multiple echoes representing noise and other erroneous
readings. It then discards the questionable data, averages the good
readings to arrive at a final reading for each of the designated pairs,
and logs the final readings in the monitor memory for availability
during data collection activities.
2-14
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Data Scrubbing
Flow conditions and internal structures introduce many potential
obstacles to obtaining accurate flow data in sewer systems and
manholes. Some of these obstacles may include noise, turbulent or
wavy flow, a foamy flow surface, side connections, rungs, broken
pipes, or drop connections.
To minimize these effects, ADS uses a process of eliminating
erroneous data called data scrubbing. Initial data scrubbing occurs
routinely in the following way as the monitor takes readings:



The monitor fires each sensor pair and averages the multiple
readings.
The monitor discards the clearly erroneous readings (i.e.,
readings well outside the range of the majority of the readings).
The monitor records the percentage of all acceptable readings
used to arrive at the average value.
Secondary scrubbing also can occur during data collection from the
monitor to the analyst's PC using the Profile software. Refer to the
Profile User's Guide (950015**) for more information.
IS Pressure Depth Sensor
The IS pressure depth sensor (ADS p/n 3754-0001/2/3-40) typically
mounts at the bottom of the pipe. While the ultrasonic depth sensor
can only measure depths up to slightly below full pipe capacity, the
pressure depth sensor can measure depths greater than a full pipe
that might extend up into the manhole (surcharges).
The pressure depth sensor contains a differential pressure
transducer that transmits an output voltage corresponding to the
difference between the water pressure and the air pressure in the
sewer. It measures water pressure through a port on the underside of
the sensor and air pressure using an integral vent tube running to the
top of the manhole. The monitor calculates the depth of the flow by
reading the difference in pressures. The pressure depth system also
System Overview
2-15
compensates for temperature using a temperature sensor housed
within the pressure depth sensor.
IS Doppler Velocity Sensor
The IS Doppler velocity sensor (ADS p/n 106194A-35) mounts at
the bottom of the pipe. It emits a wide, omnidirectional sound wave
at a specific frequency upward into the flow. The sound wave
bounces off particles in the flow and returns to the sensor. The
velocity sensor measures the change in the sound wave's frequency
from transmission to reception. This change is used to determine the
velocity of the flow based on the Doppler effect.
The Doppler effect describes the shift in frequency of a sound wave
emitted by a moving object in relation to a stationary point. In this
case, the moving objects are particles in the flow, the stationary
point is the velocity sensor, and the received signal is the reflection
of the sound wave (emitted by the velocity sensor) coming off the
particles.
Doppler velocity sensor sending signals reflecting off particles in the flow
3-1
CHAPTER 3
Sensor Installation and
Connection
The ADS® FlowShark® IS flow monitor and sensors are primarily
designed for monitoring flow in sanitary, storm, and combined
sewers. The monitor mounts to the manhole rim or wall slightly
below the manhole cover.
A sewer system’s hydraulics are much more stable and uniform in
the incoming pipe than in the manhole invert or outgoing pipe.
Therefore, the sensors mount to a stainless steel expandable ring or
stainless steel bands installed in the sewer pipe a short distance
upstream from the manhole invert. Installing the sensors upstream
minimizes the hydraulic effects and erroneous data readings caused
by foamy waters, waves in the flow, sewer noise, non-laminar flow,
and obstructions in the manhole.
Following is the basic procedure for installing the FlowShark IS
sensors at a location:


Investigate the Site Characteristics These characteristics
include pipe size and shape, silt level, flow depth, and
hydraulic conditions.
Install the Sensors in the Pipe This process primarily
includes assembling the ring (for standard installations) or
preparing the bands (for special installations) to which the
sensors attach, securing the sensor cables to the ring or band,
and installing the ring or bands in the pipe.
3-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual

Secure and Connect the Cables This procedure involves
securing the sensor cables from the ring or band to the monitor
location in the manhole and connecting the sensors to the
FlowShark IS monitor.
Typical FlowShark IS flow monitor and sensor installation
This chapter contains detailed instructions for properly installing the
sensors in sanitary, storm, and combined sewer lines and manholes.
Refer to Chapter 7, Monitor Installation, for instructions on
installing the monitor in the manhole.
Note: Manhole and sewer system work involves confined
space entry and is inherently dangerous. Therefore,
installers and technicians must comply with all federal,
state, and municipal regulations concerning confined space
entry. ADS is not responsible for any injuries, damages,
claims, or liability resulting directly or indirectly from the
use of this installation guide or the installation of any ADS
equipment.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-3
Investigating Site Characteristics
Before beginning installation activities, conduct a thorough
investigation of hydraulic and site conditions.
Flow Hydraulics
The hydraulics of a site directly affect the monitor's ability to
accurately measure flow depth and velocity. The following
characteristics indicate when a site exhibits hydraulic conditions
favorable for effective flow monitoring activities:





Smooth Flow with Central Peak Velocities The
potential site should exhibit minimal ripples or waves. Choppy
or foamy flow will adversely affect sensor accuracy. Bulging
pipe joints, curves upstream, or pipes merging upstream can
contribute to choppy and off-center peak flows.
Absence of Significant Silt Buildup at Pipe Bottom
Silt present at an otherwise favorable site must be accounted
for to obtain accurate flow measurements. Therefore, the field
crew must measure the silt depth with a ruler and record the
results in the Profile® software.
No Evidence of Surcharging Debris present on ladder
rungs or joints in the manhole may indicate the site experiences
surcharging. If this occurs on a regular basis, consider finding
an alternate location for monitoring the flow.
Relatively Quiet Pipe A monitoring point in a pipe
experiencing loud noises, such as active drop connections, can
adversely affect the accuracy of ultrasonic depth measurements.
Flow Traveling at Least One Foot Per Second Slower
flows enable debris to settle in the pipe, limiting the accuracy
of flow measurements.
3-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual

Higher Elevation than High Water Level that Occurs
in Wet Well at Downstream Pump Station Pipes that are
below the high water level of the pump station wet well could
experience frequent backup and surcharging, increasing sensor
maintenance and possibly reducing data accuracy.
Pipe and Manhole Characteristics
The physical characteristics of the pipe affect the flow and
determine the procedure for installing the sensors. Consider the
following factors and perform the following activities when
installing the sensors and monitor:

Sensor Installation Method Pipe size and shape determine
the installation method employed for installing the sensors.
 Standard Installation Select this option to install
sensors in round pipes from 8 to 48 inches in diameter.
Standard installations involve attaching sensors to an
adjustable stainless steel ring that mounts inside the pipe.
 Special Installation Select this option to install sensors
in non-round pipes or round pipes larger than 48 inches in
diameter. Special installations involve attaching sensors to
steel bands secured to the inside of the pipe.


Pipe Height and Width Measure and record the horizontal
and vertical pipe dimensions carefully. Even slightly inaccurate
pipe dimensions can significantly skew and misrepresent flow
data.
Pipe Shape Taking the appropriate measurements that
precisely reflect the exact pipe shape is essential to obtaining
accurate flow calculations. Therefore, irregular-shaped pipes
will require additional measurements. Refer to the Profile
User’s Guide (#950015**) for more information.
Note: All relevant pipe dimensions and measurements
must be entered into the Profile software during monitor
configuration and activation.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-5

Manhole Depth Measure the distance from the top of the
manhole to the bottom of the manhole invert. For distances
beyond 30 feet, the sensors will require extension cables.
3-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Installing the Sensors in the Pipe
This section includes the procedures for performing sensor
installations using one of the following methods:

Standard Installations

Special Installations
Standard Installation
Performing a standard sensor installation involves the following
process:

Gathering the parts and supplies

Gathering the tools and equipment

Assembling the ring

Mounting the sensors on the ring

Securing the cables to the ring

Installing the ring in the pipe
Gathering Parts and Supplies
Obtain the following supplies before installing the ring and sensors
to prevent any costly delays. When ordering, specify the FlowShark
IS flow monitor ring-mounted installation hardware.
Quantity
Description
ADS Part Number
1
FlowShark IS flow monitor (includes internal
battery)
5000–IS1–US–011
1
monitor mounting bracket
I40–0003
1
IS Ultrasonic Depth Sensor
106186A–35 (ft)
as needed
IS Ultrasonic Depth Sensor Extension Cable
106137A–xxx2
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-7
Quantity
Description
ADS Part Number
1
IS Doppler Velocity Sensor with two 4-40 x
5/16-inch stainless steel screws
106194A–35 (ft)
as needed
IS Velocity Sensor Extension Cable
106135A–xxx2
1
IS Pressure Depth Sensor (0 – 5 psi) with two
4-40 x 5/16-inch stainless steel screws
3754-0001–403 (ft)
as needed
IS Pressure Depth Sensor Extension Cable
106136A–xxx2
1
replacement dryer tube
3704–0032
1
IS PC Communication Direct Connection Cable
106228A Rev H5
as needed
EMU Serial Cable
3800–0147
15
¼- × 2 ¼-inch stainless steel anchor bolts
I01–0002
1
3/8-inch x 3-inch anchor bolt and nut
I01–0003
2
3/8-inch x 1-inch stainless steel hex bolts
I01–0001
4
3/8 – 16 stainless steel hex nuts
I15–0002
5
3/8-inch stainless steel flat washers
I55–0001
1
3/8-inch x 2-inch studs
I01–0009
15
plastic push mounts
I01–0006
15
11-inch cable ties
I05–0003
25
4-inch cable ties
I05–0001
15
8-inch cable ties
I05–0002
15
anchor cable ties
I05–0004
1
stainless steel ring (sized for pipe)
I25–0081 to 00944
1
spreader assembly
I10-0003
1
18-inch stainless steel crank handle
I10–0012
1
Additional models of the FlowShark IS monitor are also available: 5000-IS1-US
(without internal battery), 5000-IS1 (for EU without internal battery), and 5000-IS101 (for EU, with internal battery).
2
Extension cables can be ordered in specific lengths up to 300 feet. Note the desired
length (in feet) in the xxx portion of the part number. For example, if the application
requires a 50-foot extension cable for an IS ultrasonic sensor, the part number would
be 106137A–050.
3
IS pressure depth sensors are also available in 0–15 psi (p/n 3754–0002–40) and 0–
30 psi (p/n 3754–0003–40).
3-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
4
The stainless steel ring includes the ring stabilizer bracket (p/n I25-0002), spreader
mechanism (p/n I10-0003), and sliding ultrasonic sensor bracket (p/n I25-0001).
Gathering Tools and Equipment
Gather the following tools for the installation:

Battery-powered hammer drill with assorted bits, including the
following at a minimum:
 ¼-inch x 6-inch masonry bit
 3/8-inch x 4-inch (minimum length) masonry bit
 5/16-inch carbide-tipped bit

4-pound hammer

Rubber mallet

24-inch carpenter’s level

7/16-inch nut driver

Wrenches

Screwdrivers (flathead and Phillips head of assorted sizes)

3/8-inch x 16-inch thread tap

Diagonal wire cutters

Folding carpenter’s rule with a brass slide

Mastic tape (ADS p/n 507193) or rubber coaxial stretch tape
Assembling the Ring
The flow sensors mount to a stainless steel ring that is installed in
the pipe. Several different ring sizes exist, and each ring is
adjustable within about 3 inches to fit pipes of different diameters.
Assemble the ring in the following way:
Note: These instructions generally apply to overlapping
rings. However, the 6-, 8-, 10-, and 12-inch rings do not
have an overlapping section. Therefore, these nonoverlapping rings require small modifications in the
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-9
assembly process. To assemble a non-overlapping ring,
proceed directly to step 4.
1.
Insert the spreader mechanism screw through the hole in the
center of the ring stabilizer. Ensure that the head of the screw
fits into the countersunk hole.
Ring stabilizer with spreader mechanism screw
2.
Slide the open end of the ring (end without the welded metal
band) through the flanges in the ring stabilizer, making sure the
flanges face the outside of the ring and the spreader mechanism
screw faces the inside of the ring.
3-10
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Sliding the ring stabilizer onto the ring
3.
Slide the ring stabilizer all the way around the ring until it is
about 4 inches from the welded metal band at the other end of
the ring.
Moving the ring stabilizer into position
4.
Position the ring with the downstream edge (edge with the
holes) facing you.
5.
Slide the ultrasonic sensor mount onto the open end of the ring
with the back of the ultrasonic mount (side with the slots)
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-11
facing the outside of the ring. The side with the backstop
should face the inside of the ring.
Sliding the ultrasonic sensor mount onto the ring
6.
Move the ultrasonic sensor mount around the ring.
Note: Steps 7 and 8 apply only to overlapping rings.
Proceed directly to step 9 for non-overlapping rings.
7.
Slide the open end of the ring through the slot in the welded
band of the ring until it overlaps about 4 inches.
8.
Spread the ring sections apart so that you can slide the ring
stabilizer with the spreader mechanism screw into the gap.
3-12
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Moving the ring stabilizer into position
9.
Perform the following based on the ring type:
 Overlapping Insert the spreader mechanism screw
completely through the hole at the open end of the ring.
 Non-Overlapping Insert a spreader mechanism screw
through the hole at the left end of the ring so that the end
of the screw extends inside the ring.
Ring stabilizer fully connected
10. Place the ring on a flat surface with the spreader mechanism
screw facing up.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-13
11. Orient the ring with the downstream edge (edge with small
holes) facing you.
12. Lay the spreader mechanism across the inside of the ring with
the downstream end of the mechanism (end with the large
welded nut) facing you, the four spreader bars facing toward
the inside of the ring, and the shoulder bolts pointed outside the
ring.
13. Place a washer and then the downstream, left spreader bar over
the spreader mechanism screw.
Orienting and attaching the spreader mechanism
14. Place the upstream, left spreader bar onto the same screw.
15. Lightly turn the hex nut onto the screw, ensuring that it passes
through the holes in the end of the spreader bar.
Note: Steps 16 through 18 apply only to overlapping
rings. For a non-overlapping ring, proceed to step 19.
3-14
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Attaching the spreader bars
16. Turn the ring until the spreader mechanism is in the 12:00
position.
17. Align the spreader mechanism screw so that the head is visible
through one of the ring size adjustment holes.
Aligning the screw head and adjustment hole
18. Tighten the screw through the hole using a Phillips-head
screwdriver while holding the hex nut with a ½-inch nut driver.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-15
Tightening the spreader mechanism screw and hex nut
19. Insert the second spreader mechanism screw through the
following hole based on the ring type:
 Overlapping Appropriate ring size adjustment hole on
the outside of the ring
 Non-overlapping Last hole on the other free end of the
ring (inserting the screw from the outside of the ring)
20. Slip the large washer onto the screw on the inside of the ring.
3-16
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Place the washers onto the second spreader mechanism screw
21. Place the spreader bars over the screw, and tighten a hex nut on
the screw.
Spreader mechanism attached to the ring (view from inside the ring)
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-17
Although the spreader mechanism fits snugly against the inside of
the ring, the spreader mechanism may seem loose on the hex nuts.
Do not be concerned. The spreader mechanism will tighten once the
ring is installed and tightened inside the pipe. The following picture
displays how a properly assembled ring should look.
Properly attached spreader mechanism
Mounting the Sensors to the Ring
The following sections provide instructions on mounting the IS
ultrasonic depth, IS velocity, and IS pressure depth sensors to the
ring. To ensure the most accurate flow data, standard pipe
installations require proper positioning of the sensors on the ring as
well as in the pipe. When facing the downstream edge of the ring,
the sensors should be mounted on the ring in the following
locations:


Ultrasonic Depth Sensor Twelve o'clock position (top of
the pipe) when the spreader mechanism is in the one o'clock
position
Doppler Velocity Sensor As close as possible to the six
o'clock position (bottom), provided it is mounted above the
level of any silt present at the bottom of the pipe (Any silt
covering the sensor could interfere with the sensor signals,
potentially producing inaccurate or erroneous readings.)
3-18
ADS FlowShark IS Manual

Pressure Depth Sensor Bottom of the ring slightly to the
left of the Doppler velocity sensor (when present)
Proper positioning of sensors on the ring
Caution: Handle all sensors and cables with extreme
care. The sensors and cables contain delicate mechanisms
and electronics. Keep sharp objects away from sensor
cables, and avoid stepping or placing heavy objects on the
cable during installation.
Mounting the Ultrasonic Depth Sensor
Mount the ultrasonic depth sensor to the ring in the following way:
Note: Handle the ultrasonic depth sensor with care, and
do not expose it to extreme temperatures for an extended
period of time. Keep the sensor in its protective packaging
until it is time for installation.
1.
Slide the sensor into the grooves on the sensor mount (at the
top of the ring) from the upstream end of the mount until the
sensor contacts the backstop. The sensor cable should exit the
downstream edge of the ring. Orient the sensor with the four
transducers facing downward toward the inside of the ring
(flow surface).
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-19
Mounting the ultrasonic depth sensor to the mounting plate on the ring
2.
Verify that the ultrasonic depth sensor mounts to the ring at the
crown of the pipe.
Mounting the Doppler Velocity Sensor
Mount the Doppler velocity sensor to the ring in the following way:
1.
Use two 4-40 x 5/16-inch stainless steel screws (do not
substitute any other screws) to mount the sensor at the bottom
of the ring opposite the ultrasonic depth sensor with the
beveled edge of the sensor facing upstream.
Mounting the Doppler velocity sensor to the ring
3-20
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
2.
Secure the sensor cable to the ring. Refer to Securing the
Cables to the Ring on page 3-21 for instructions on properly
securing the cable.
Note: If the installation includes a pressure depth sensor,
wait to secure the sensor cables until both sensors are
installed on the ring.
Mounting the Pressure Depth Sensor
Mount the pressure depth sensor to the ring in the following way:
1.
Orient the ring so that the ultrasonic depth sensor is directly on
top. If an ultrasonic depth sensor is not in use, make sure the
spreader assembly is directly on top.
2.
Use two 4-40 x 5/16-inch stainless steel screws (do not
substitute any other screws) to mount the pressure depth sensor
on the bottom inside of the ring with the pointed end of the
sensor facing upstream. Mount the pressure depth sensor about
2 inches to the left of the velocity sensor (when present).
Mounting the pressure depth sensor to the ring
3.
Secure the sensor cable to the ring. Refer to Securing the
Cables to the Ring on page 3-21 for instructions on properly
securing the cable.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-21
Securing the Cables to the Ring
Securing the Doppler velocity sensor and pressure depth sensor
cables to the ring helps prevent debris from collecting between the
cable and the ring or catching on the loose cable. It also prevents
the loose cables from disrupting the flow.
Secure the Doppler velocity and pressure depth sensor cables in the
following way:
1.
Starting at the appropriate sensor location, begin securing the
sensor cable with 4-inch x 0.08-inch cable ties through the predrilled holes along the downstream trailing edge of the ring up
the side of the ring. Run the cable up the side of the ring
opposite the spreader mechanism (the left side of the ring when
facing the downstream edge of the ring).
Note: When securing both a pressure depth sensor and a
Doppler velocity sensor cable to the ring, place the
velocity cable on top of the pressure cable and secure both
together.
Sensor cabling
2.
Continue securing the cables until reaching the ultrasonic depth
sensor or the top of the pipe.
3.
Pull the ties until they are taut.
Warning: Do not over-tighten the cable ties or kink the
sensor cables! The pressure depth cable sheathes two
components: the electrical cables that operate the sensor
and an air tube that ventilates the sensor. Over-tightening
the ties or kinking the cable can damage or restrict the air
tube, resulting in incorrect pressure depth readings. In
3-22
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
addition, make sure the connector-end of the sensor is not
kinked, does not contain moisture, and includes an
attached dryer tube filled with active blue desiccant.
4.
Use the diagonal cutters to cut off the excess portion of the
cable ties.
Installing the Ring in the Pipe
The ring must fit securely in the pipe with the sensors properly
positioned to ensure the most accurate monitoring results. Install the
ring in the pipe in the following way:
1.
Examine the pipe for possible obstructions to the flow or issues
that may inhibit proper ring installation.
2.
Adjust the ring size to slightly less than the pipe diameter
before placing the ring in the pipe by turning the spreader
mechanism adjustment nut clockwise.
3.
Place the ring in the input pipe at least 12 inches upstream from
the manhole or edge of the pipe with the sensors facing
upstream toward the oncoming flow. It must be located far
enough upstream from the manhole to minimize the effect of
the draw-down caused by a possible drop in the manhole invert.
Installing the ring at least 12 inches upstream from the manhole invert
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-23
Keep the following in mind:
 Make sure the ultrasonic depth sensor is at the top (crown)
of the pipe, the Doppler velocity sensor is at the bottom of
the pipe above any silt present and below the flow surface
(during minimum flows), and the pressure depth sensor is
near the bottom.
Proper orientation of the ring with the sensors in the pipe with and without
silt present
 If necessary, temporarily clear away silt to install the ring.
Restore the silt after fully securing the ring (step 7).
 Make sure the ring is flat (flush) against the inside wall of
the pipe to avoid obstructing the flow or catching debris.
4.
Expand the ring by turning the spreader mechanism nut
counter-clockwise with the crank handle or socket. However,
do not tighten the ring against the pipe completely at this
point.
5.
Using the 24-inch carpenter’s level, orient the ultrasonic depth
sensor at the top of the pipe so that the sensor face is parallel
and level (from side to side) with the flow surface and pipe
crown.
3-24
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Leveling the ultrasonic depth sensor
If necessary, adjust the level in the following way:
 Remove the ultrasonic depth sensor from the mount.
 Loosen the ring slightly to allow the plate to move on the
ring.
 Tap the sensor mount to the right or left with a rubber
mallet until it is level.
Warning: Tapping the sensor mount with the sensor
attached could damage the sensor. Always remove the
sensor before tapping the mount with a mallet.
 Reattach the sensor to the mount, and recheck the level.
6.
Fully tighten the ring until it fits securely and completely flush
against the pipe wall.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-25
Warning: Avoid over-tightening the ring. This could
bend the crank assembly.
7.
Restore any silt moved to its previous level, and confirm that
the Doppler velocity sensor is still above the silt level.
8.
Measure the physical offsets for the ultrasonic and pressure
depth sensors.
 Ultrasonic Offset Measure the distance from the crown
(top) of the pipe to the face of the ultrasonic depth sensor.
 Pressure Offset Measure the vertical distance from the
bottom of the pressure depth sensor to the bottom, center
of the pipe.
Note: These values will be required when configuring the
monitor using the Profile software.
9.
Secure the sensor cables from the ring to the future monitor
location in the manhole. Refer to Securing the Sensor Cables in
the Pipe and Manhole on page 3-43 for more information.
Special Installations
A special installation requires two independent installations: one for
the ultrasonic depth sensor and one for the Doppler velocity and
pressure depth sensors.
Note: Special installations do not involve spreader
mechanisms or rings. All hardware mounts directly to the
pipe surface with anchor bolts.
3-26
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Performing a special installation involves the following process:

Gathering the parts and supplies

Gathering the tools and equipment

Mounting the ultrasonic depth sensor

Mounting the Doppler velocity sensor

Mounting the pressure depth sensor

Securing the cables to the band
Before beginning the installation, conduct a thorough investigation
of hydraulic and other site conditions. The hydraulics of a site
directly affect the monitor's ability to accurately measure flow depth
and velocity. In addition, measure the horizontal and vertical pipe
dimensions carefully. Even slightly inaccurate pipe dimensions can
significantly skew and misrepresent flow data.
Caution: Handle all sensors and cables with extreme
care. The sensors and cables contain delicate mechanisms
and electronics. Keep sharp objects away from sensor
cables, and avoid stepping or placing heavy objects on the
cable during installation.
Gathering Parts and Supplies
Be sure to obtain the following supplies before performing a special
installation to prevent any costly delays. When ordering, specify the
FlowShark IS flow monitor special installation hardware.
Quantity
Description
ADS Part Number
1
FlowShark IS flow monitor (includes internal
battery)
5000–IS1–US–011
1
monitor mounting bracket
I40–0003
1
IS ultrasonic depth sensor
106186A–30 (ft)
as needed
IS ultrasonic depth sensor extension cable
106137A–xxx2
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-27
Quantity
Description
ADS Part Number
1
IS Doppler velocity sensor with two 4-40 x
5/16-inch stainless steel screws
106194A–35 (ft)
as needed
IS velocity sensor extension cable
106135A–xxx2
1
IS pressure depth sensor (0 – 5 psi) with two
4-40 x 5/16-inch stainless steel screws
3754-0001–403 (ft)
as needed
IS pressure depth sensor extension cable
106136A – xxx2
1
replacement dryer tube
3704–0032
1
IS PC communication direct connection cable
106228A Rev H5
as needed
EMU serial cable
3800–0147
15
11-inch cable tie
I05–0003
25
4-inch cable tie
I05–0001
15
8-inch cable tie
I05–0002
10
anchor cable tie
I05–0004
15
¼- × 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt (with 7/16-inch nut
and washer)
I01–0002
1
3/8- × 2-inch stud
I01–0009
1
3/8-inch x 3-inch anchor bolt and nut
I01–0003
2
3/8-inch x 1-inch stainless steel hex bolts
I01–0001
4
3/8 – 16 stainless steel hex nuts
I15–0002
5
3/8-inch stainless steel flat washers
I55–0001
2
4-40 × 5/16-inch screw
I35–0001
8
6-32 washer
I55–0002
4
6-32 × 1-inch machine screw
I35–0004
4
6-32 × 5/16 inch nut
I15–0003
15
plastic push mounts
I01–0006
1
12-inch stainless steel mounting band
I25–0080
1
sliding ultrasonic plate
I25–0001
as needed
ultrasonic sensor surcharge mounting bracket
I40–0010
1
special predrilled 8-foot metal band
I40–0007
3-28
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
1
Additional models of the FlowShark IS monitor are also available: 5000-IS1-US
(without internal battery), 5000-IS1 (for EU without internal battery), and 5000-IS101 (for EU, with internal battery).
2
Extension cables can be ordered in specific lengths up to 300 feet. Note the desired
length (in feet) in the xxx portion of the part number. For example, if the application
requires a 50-foot extension cable for an IS ultrasonic sensor, the part number would
be 106137A–050.
3
IS pressure depth sensors are also available in 0–15 psi (p/n 3754–0002–40) and 0–
30 psi (p/n 3754–0003–40).
Gathering the Tools and Equipment
Gather the following tools for the installation:

Battery-powered hammer drill with assorted bits, including the
following at a minimum:
 3/8-inch x 4-inch (minimum length) masonry bit
 ¼-inch masonry bit (F35-0018)
 5/16-inch carbide-tipped drill bit (include smaller bits)

4-pound hammer

Rubber mallet

24-inch carpenter’s level

Wrenches

Screwdrivers (flathead and Phillips head of assorted sizes)

3/8-inch x 16-inch threads tap

Diagonal wire cutters

Folding carpenter’s rule with a brass slide

Mastic tape (ADS p/n 507193) or rubber coaxial stretch tape
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-29
Mounting the Ultrasonic Depth Sensor
Two special installation methods are available for mounting the
ultrasonic depth sensor:


Standard Ultrasonic Mount This option, the most common
method employed today, is used for mounting the ultrasonic
depth sensor in the pipe during special installations.
Surcharge Mount This option primarily is used for
mounting a ultrasonic depth sensor in a manhole at a site where
the flow continually occurs within 2 inches of the top of the
pipe or a site at which a pressure sensor is not available and
surcharges frequently occur. Surcharges are conditions where
the flow completely fills the pipe and extends up into the
manhole.
Standard Ultrasonic Mount
Mount the ultrasonic depth sensor using this method in the
following way:
Note: Handle the ultrasonic depth sensor with care, and
do not expose it to extreme temperatures for an extended
period of time. Keep the sensor in its protective packaging
until it is time for installation.
1.
Position the sliding ultrasonic plate in the center apex of the
pipe, and scribe a mark on both sides of the ultrasonic plate.
2.
Center the 12-inch mounting band, allowing the band to extend
about 4 inches beyond each side of the scribed location.
3.
Conform one end of the curved band to the pipe configuration,
and spot drill to mark the bolt location.
4.
Remove the curved band, drill an anchor bolt hole, and gently
tap a ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt into the hole.
5.
Mount the curved band to the anchor bolt through the predrilled hole on the band, and hand-tighten a nut with washer to
the anchor bolt to secure the band.
3-30
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Securing one end of the ultrasonic depth sensor mounting band
6.
Slide the adjustable ultrasonic plate onto the band with the
backstop edge closest to the invert and the two band slots
facing up.
Sliding the ultrasonic depth sensor mounting plate onto the band
7.
Align the sliding ultrasonic plate with the scribe marks, and
conform the other end of the curved band with the pipe.
8.
Spot drill to mark an anchor bolt location, and mount another
¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt to the pipe.
9.
Hand-tighten a nut with washer to secure the other end of the
band.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-31
Securing the other end of the band
Note: If the plate has too much play, attach another
anchor bolt approximately 1 inch from the plate.
10. Slide the ultrasonic plate along the metal band until it is level
(from side to side) with the flow surface and pipe crown, and
tighten the nuts securely with a nut driver. Refer to the
illustration Leveling the ultrasonic depth sensor on page 3-24.
11. Slide the ultrasonic depth sensor into position from the
upstream end of the ultrasonic plate until the back of the sensor
comes in contact with the backstop.
Sliding the ultrasonic depth sensor into place
12. Confirm the ultrasonic depth sensor is still level.
3-32
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
13. Measure the physical offset for the ultrasonic depth sensor (the
distance from the crown (top) of the pipe to the face of the
sensor).
Note: This value will be necessary when configuring the
monitor using the Profile software.
Surcharge Mount
For a site that may experience surcharge conditions, mount the
ultrasonic depth sensor on the manhole wall using a special
surcharge bracket (ADS p/n I40-0010) directly above the opening
of the incoming pipe. This will ensure the sensor measures the range
above the flow surface at the location the flow enters the manhole.
Mount the ultrasonic depth sensor in the following way:
Note: Handle the ultrasonic depth sensor with care, and
do not expose it to extreme temperatures for an extended
period of time. Keep the sensor in its protective packaging
until it is time for installation.
1.
Determine the appropriate height at which to mount the
ultrasonic depth sensor portion of the surcharge bracket (The
sensor slides into the grooves of the mounting plate at the
lower portion of the bracket.) When making this
determination, keep in mind that the maximum range of the
sensor is 12.5 feet (3.8 m).
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-33
Surcharge mount
2.
Press the bracket firmly against the manhole wall.
3.
Identify the three pre-drilled holes at the top of the bracket, and
spot drill the manhole wall through the middle hole with a drill.
4.
Remove the bracket, and drill and mount a ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch
(M6 x 55-mm) anchor bolt.
5.
Secure the top of the bracket to the manhole wall with a washer
and nut.
6.
Push up on the bottom portion of the bracket until the sensor
portion of the bracket is level.
7.
Hold the bracket firmly in place against the manhole wall.
8.
Identify the three pre-drilled holes at the bottom of the bracket,
and spot drill the manhole wall through the middle hole with a
drill.
9.
Rotate the bracket 90 degrees, and drill and mount a ¼-inch x 2
¼-inch anchor bolt.
3-34
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
10. Secure the bottom of the bracket with a washer and nut.
11. Slide the sensor into the bracket, and secure the sensor with
cable ties to keep the sensor in place.
12. Verify that the sensor portion of the bracket is level using the
24-inch carpenter’s level held to the face of the sensor. If it is
slightly out of level, make horizontal adjustments to the bottom
portion of the bracket by moving it to the left or right. The oval
bottom mounting holes allow minor horizontal adjustments.
13. Drill and mount a ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt in one of the
other pre-drilled holes at the top portion of the bracket for
added security.
14. Confirm that the sensor is level.
15. Measure the physical offset for the ultrasonic depth sensor (the
distance from the crown (top) of the pipe to the face of the
sensor). Enter this distance as negative value when editing the
parameters for the Ultrasonic Device in Profile. For example,
if it is 24 inches (610 mm) from the top of the pipe to the face
of the sensor in the manhole, the physical offset would be -24
inches.
Note: This value will be necessary when configuring the
monitor using the Profile software.
Mounting the Doppler Velocity and Pressure Depth
Sensors
Two special installation methods are available for mounting the
Doppler velocity and pressure depth sensors:

¾-band mount

½-band mount
Both mounts require almost identical installation methods. The only
significant differences are that the ¾-band mount allows the
installer to secure the band to both sides of the pipe wall and to
position the Doppler velocity sensor at the bottom center of the
pipe. These options are not possible using the ½-band mount.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-35
Therefore, the ¾-band mount is the preferable method for mounting
the sensors.
However, a ½-band mount may be appropriate for monitoring under
the following circumstances:

Large pipes with deep minimum flows

Large pipes with excessive silt present
½- (left) and ¾-band (right) mounts
¾-Band Mount
Perform the following procedure to mount the Doppler velocity
sensor and pressure depth sensor (when applicable) in a pipe using
the ¾-band mount:
1.
Use a hacksaw to cut the band to the appropriate length. Cut the
band so that, when installed, it will run approximately ¾ of the
length around the inside of the pipe.
Note: The metal bands come in 8-foot lengths. Some
larger pipes may require attaching two bands together. In
addition, for square-shaped pipes, use a 8-foot straight
metal strip.
3-36
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
2.
Determine which end of the band will be the long end (end
extending almost completely up one side of the pipe). For cable
routing purposes, ADS recommends reserving the left side of
the pipe (upstream from the manhole) for the long end of the
band.
Note: Position the edge of the band with the cable tie
holes (edge with small holes) facing downstream.
3.
Determine the appropriate location on the band to mount the
Doppler velocity sensor, making sure the sensor will be both
above the silt level and below the flow surface during minimum
flows.
 If silt is not present, locate the sensor on the band so it will
be at the bottom center of the pipe once installed.
 If silt is present, locate the sensor slightly up the long end
of the band so it will be above the silt level once installed.
4.
Mount the sensor onto the inside of the band with two 4-40 x
5/16-inch countersink screws, making sure the beveled end of
the sensor faces the upstream edge of the ring (edge opposite
cable tie holes). If holes do not exist on the band at or near the
desired mounting location for the sensor, drill holes in the band
using a 7/32-inch drill bit.
5.
When applicable, mount the pressure depth sensor to the band
in the following way:
 Mount the pressure depth sensor 2 inches to the left of the
Doppler velocity sensor. Make sure the sensor will be
underneath the flow once installed.
 Secure the pressure depth sensor to the band using two 440 x 5/16-inch countersink screws. If the sensor does not
have screw inserts, use two medium-sized cable ties to
secure the sensor to the ring. Crisscross the cable ties
across the top of the sensor and underneath the band.
6.
Secure the sensor cables along the downstream edge of the long
end of the band according to the instructions in Securing the
Cables to the Band on page 3-41.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-37
7.
Place the band in the pipe upstream at least 12 inches (same
distance as ultrasonic depth sensor, when present) from the
manhole invert. Position the band in the pipe so that the sensors
will remain below the flow surface (even during minimum
flows) and above the silt level.
8.
Make sure two pre-drilled holes are visible above the flow
surface on the short end of the band. Maneuver the band so that
the lowest hole is almost at the flow surface.
9.
Mark the pipe wall through the lowest hole with a drill, and
install a ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt with a pneumatic drill.
10. Secure the band to the anchor bolt with a washer and nut.
11. Conform the band to the pipe wall around to the long end of the
band so that it is flush with the pipe wall.
Note: Temporarily remove any silt preventing the band
from sitting flush against the bottom of the pipe.
12. Install a ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt through the pre-drilled
hole closest to the flow surface on the long end of the band, and
secure the band with a washer and nut.
13. Make sure the band and sensors are flush against the pipe wall
with no gaps, and conform the rest of the band to the pipe wall.
14. Install ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolts, nuts, and washers at the
pre-drilled hole at the short end of the band and at the predrilled holes along the long end of the band (above the flow
surface) approximately every 12 to 24 inches to the top end of
the band.
Note: Whenever possible, secure the band with an
additional anchor bolt approximately 3 inches below the
flow surface on each side of the pipe. This will help ensure
that the band remains flush against the bottom of the pipe
below the flow surface.
3-38
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Sensors mounted using a ¾-band mount in the pipe with and without silt
15. Measure the physical offset for the pressure depth sensor (the
vertical distance from the bottom of the pressure depth sensor
to the bottom, center of the pipe).
Note: This value will be necessary when configuring the
monitor using the Profile software.
16. Run the sensor cables from the sensor location in the pipe to
the monitor location in the manhole according to the
instructions in Securing the Sensor Cables in the Pipe and
Manhole on page 3-43.
½-Band Mount
Perform the following procedure to mount the Doppler velocity
sensor and pressure depth sensor (when applicable) in a pipe using
the ½-band mount:
1.
Use a hacksaw to cut the band to the appropriate length. Cut the
band so that, when installed, it will run almost completely down
the left side of the pipe.
2.
Determine the best location on the band to mount the Doppler
velocity sensor. The sensor should mount as close as possible
to the bottom of the band, making sure the sensor will be both
above the silt level and below the flow surface once installed.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-39
3.
Mount the sensor onto the inside of the band with two 4-40 x
5/16-inch countersink screws, making sure the beveled end of
the sensor faces the upstream edge of the ring. If holes do not
exist on the band at or near the desired mounting location for
the sensor, drill holes in the band using a 7/32-inch drill bit.
Note: The edge of the band with the cable tie holes is the
downstream edge.
4.
When applicable, mount the pressure depth sensor to the band
in the following way:
 Mount the pressure depth sensor 2 inches to the left of the
Doppler velocity sensor. Make sure the sensor will be
underneath the flow once installed.
 Secure the pressure depth sensor to the band using two 440 x 5/16-inch countersink screws. If the sensor does not
have screw inserts, use two medium-sized cable ties to
secure the sensor to the ring. Crisscross the cable ties
across the top of the sensor and underneath the band.
5.
Secure the sensor cables along the downstream edge of the
band according to the instructions in Securing the Cables to the
Band on page 3-41.
6.
Place the band in the pipe upstream at least 12 inches (same
distance as ultrasonic depth sensor, when present) from the
manhole invert. Position the band on the left side of the pipe so
that the sensors will remain below the flow surface (during
minimum flows) and above the silt level.
7.
Orient the band so that one of the pre-drilled anchor bolt holes
is just above the flow surface.
8.
Spot drill the pipe wall through the hole, install a ¼-inch x 2 ¼inch anchor bolt, and secure the band to the anchor bolt with a
washer and nut.
Note: Make sure the submerged portion of the band is
flush with the pipe wall. If it is not, remove the band and
conform the band to the pipe.
3-40
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
9.
Install a ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt, washer, and nut below
the flow surface 1 to 3 inches away from the Doppler velocity
sensor on each side. This will hold the sensor securely against
the pipe wall and prevent the end of the band from twisting in
the flow or catching debris.
10. Conform the portion of the band above the flow surface to the
pipe wall, and install an ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch anchor bolt, nut,
and washer every 12 to 24 inches up to the top of the band.
Completed ½-band mount in pipe
11. Measure the physical offset for the pressure depth sensor (the
vertical distance from the bottom of the pressure depth sensor
to the bottom, center of the pipe).
Note: This value will be necessary when configuring the
monitor using the Profile software.
12. Run the sensor cables from the sensor location in the pipe to
the monitor location in the manhole according to the
instructions in Securing the Sensor Cables in the Pipe and
Manhole on page 3-43.
Note: If the pipe is large and the Doppler velocity sensor
and pressure depth sensor cables cannot reach the pipe
crown, attach the sensor cables to ½-inch PVC tubing and
anchor the tubing to the wall. This will help prevent sensor
damage during heavy flow.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-41
Securing the Cables to the Band
Securing the Doppler velocity sensor and pressure depth sensor
cables to the band helps prevent debris from collecting between the
cable and the band or catching on the loose cable. It also prevents
the loose cables from disrupting the flow.
Secure the Doppler velocity and pressure depth sensor cables in the
following way:
1.
Starting at the appropriate sensor location, begin securing the
sensor cable with 4-inch x 0.08-inch cable ties through the predrilled holes along the downstream trailing edge of the band up
the side of the band. Run the cable up the left side of the band
(when facing the downstream edge of the band).
Note: When securing both a pressure depth sensor and a
Doppler velocity sensor cable to the band, place the
velocity cable on top of the pressure cable and secure both
together.
Sensor cabling
2.
Continue securing the cables until reaching the ultrasonic depth
sensor or the top of the pipe.
3.
Pull the ties until they are taut.
Warning: Do not over-tighten the cable ties or kink the
sensor cables! The pressure depth cable sheathes two
components: the electrical cables that operate the sensor
and an air tube that ventilates the sensor. Over-tightening
3-42
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
the ties or kinking the cable can damage or restrict the air
tube, causing incorrect pressure depth readings. In
addition, make sure the connector-end of the sensor is not
kinked, does not contain moisture, and includes an
attached dryer tube filled with active blue desiccant.
4.
Use the diagonal cutters to cut off the excess portion of the
cable ties.
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-43
Securing the Sensor Cables in the
Pipe and Manhole
Securing the sensor cables from the ring (or band, when applicable),
along the pipe crown, and up the manhole helps prevent debris from
collecting on sagging cables or between the cables and the pipe
crown.
Do not allow sensor cables to hang down in the pipe or sag in the
manhole. Loose cables could present a safety hazard in the manhole
or increase the potential for sensor or monitor damage to occur. The
cables should be secured along the pipe crown and manhole wall
under all circumstances.
Secure the cables from the ring (or band) to the monitor location in
the manhole in the following way:
1.
Neatly bundle the cables together with an 8-inch x 0.14-inch
cable tie attached to a plastic anchor installed at the top of the
pipe.
Note: If a plastic anchor will not serve as an adequate
anchor for securing the cable bundle based on the structure
of the pipe, install a ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch bolt instead.
 Drill a 3/8-inch hole in the pipe crown.
 Drive the plastic anchor into the pipe with a hammer until
flush and secure.
 Run the cable tie through the loop in the plastic anchor and
around the cables.
 Tighten the cable tie around the cables, and cut off the
excess cable tie material.
Warning: Over-tightening the cable ties may damage the
sensor cables.
3-44
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
2.
Secure the cables with a cable tie and plastic anchor every 18 to
24 inches along the pipe crown (when necessary) from the ring
to the manhole. If plastic anchors will not serve as adequate
anchors based on the structure of the pipe, install ¼-inch x 2
¼-inch bolts instead.
3.
Secure the cables every 18 to 24 inches up the side of the
manhole to the monitor location. Loose cables could present a
manhole safety hazard or increase the potential for sensor or
monitor damage to occur. If plastic anchors will not serve as
adequate anchors based on the structure of the manhole wall,
install ¼-inch x 2 ¼-inch bolts instead.
Securing the sensors cables along the pipe and into the manhole
Sensor Installation and Connection 3-45
Connecting the Sensors to the
Monitor
After installing the ring and sensors and securing the sensor cables
to the pipe and manhole wall, connect the sensor cables to the
appropriate ports on the top of the monitor. The ports are labeled to
identify the appropriate connection for each sensor.
Connect the sensor cables to the monitor ports in the following way:
1.
Place the monitor in an upright position to view the monitor
connector ports.
ULTRASONIC
PRESSURE
VELOCITY
TEST PRESSURE
12 PSI MAX
0518
II 1 G
EEx ia IIB T4
Sira 06ATEX2039X
MODEL: 5000 - IS1
Use only battery pack 106152
R
COMM
R
ADSENV.COM
U.S.A.
Cable connector ports
2.
Visually inspect each sensor connector and monitor connector
port for damaged or broken pins. Replace a monitor or sensor
with defective ports or connectors.
3.
Visually inspect each sensor and monitor connector port for
debris and moisture. Clean off any debris, and dry any surface
moisture. Compressed air is useful for removing moisture from
the inside of the connectors or ports (pin and socket surfaces).
4.
Verify that the waterproof seal is present inside each connector
port. The bright orange, rubber seal should sit at the bottom of
the connector port with the pins protruding through the seal.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
5.
Connect each sensor cable to the appropriate port. Tighten each
connector in a clockwise direction until it clicks into place, and
verify that it is seated correctly.
6.
For locations exhibiting the presence of hydrogen sulfide
and/or high moisture, provide added protection by wrapping
the connection with mastic tape.
7.
Seal any unused connectors with a cap. If necessary, obtain
additional caps from the regional ADS representative.
Note: An air valve is present in the center of the monitor
top. This valve exists only for testing purposes during the
manufacturing process. Do not attempt to fill the monitor
with air or pressurize the monitor!
Securing the Dryer Tube to the Monitor
Secure the dryer tube to the monitor in the following way:
1.
Attach the dryer tube from the pressure depth sensor in the
vertical position to the monitor handle and chassis bolt using
cable ties.
Securing the dryer tube to the monitor using cable ties
2.
Make sure the black end cap on the dryer tube is removed
before installing the monitor in the manhole.
4-1
CHAPTER 4
Communication
After installing the sensors in the pipe and connecting the sensors to
the ADS® FlowShark® IS monitor, it is necessary to establish
communication with the monitor (through telemetry or direct
connection). This chapter contains instructions on establishing a
wireless connection for communicating with the monitor remotely
or using a special cable to connect directly to the monitor on site.
Note: Manhole and sewer system work involves confined
space entry and is inherently dangerous. Therefore,
installers and technicians must comply with all federal,
state, and municipal regulations concerning confined space
entry. ADS is not responsible for any injuries, damages,
claims, or liability resulting directly or indirectly from the
use of this installation guide or the installation of any ADS
equipment.
Note: ADS wireless communication products (in this
case, the Enfora™ modem in the EMU) use static IP
address network services provided by AT&T™ (formerly
Cingular Wireless). Therefore, any installation location
designated for wireless communication must have access to
AT&T 850 or 1900 MHz service. Each wireless device
must be fitted with a SIM (Subscriber Identity Module)
card that is provisioned by AT&T with specific account
and network information for use with ADS software.
4-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Installing the Monitor Communication
Hardware
Establishing remote, wireless communications with the FlowShark
IS monitor involves installing an External Modem Unit (EMU)
outside the manhole (in which the monitor is installed) in a suitable
enclosure. Installing the EMU primarily involves the following two
procedures:

Installing the communication cable

Installing the wireless EMU
Installing the Communication Cable
Installing the communication cable involves the following activities:

Selecting the route for the communication cable

Contacting the underground utility locating service

Gathering the necessary tools and materials

Installing the communication cable
Selecting the Most Appropriate Route for the
Communication Cable
The installer must evaluate the most suitable route for running the
communication cable between the manhole and the EMU location.
Cable route evaluation criteria may include issues such as the
monitor's location in relation existing landscape, utilities present,
and excavation costs.
Consider the following when choosing the route for the cable:

Choose a route that will not require routing the communication
cable underneath rough gravel roads. Constant traffic could
cause damage to the cable.
Communication


4-3
Verify that the communication cable trench will not damage an
existing sprinkler system. Therefore, locate any sprinkler lines.
These will not be located by the locator service. Check with
homeowners when necessary.
Avoid flowerbeds and other areas where frequent digging or
planting might occur.
Note: For more information on determining the most
suitable cable route, contact ADS Client Services at
[email protected] or 877-237-9585.
Note: When installing an externally-powered EMU (ADS
p/n 3800-0148EP), ADS recommends locating the EMU in
close proximity to the power source to maximize net power
available to the EMU.
Contacting Underground Utility Locating Service
If the communication cable must be routed through a yard or a
commercial area, ADS highly recommends contacting an
underground utility locating service before initiating installation of
the communication cable. For scheduling, allow 5 to 7 days for this
to occur before initiating excavation activities.
Do the following to facilitate the locator’s service, minimize the risk
of damage to underground utilities, and avoid possible injury or
death caused by a potential cable strike:

Provide the exact route proposed for the cable.

Clearly mark the proposed route with spray paint or wire flags.

Create a hand-drawing of the proposed cable route to make
sure the locator service investigates in the correct area for
underground services.
4-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Gathering Tools and Materials
Obtain the following items to perform the installation:

Ratchet set with 7/16-inch socket

Pointed shovel

Claw hammer

Hammer drill


Minimum ½-inch diameter masonry bit (at least 12 inches long
to drill through manhole wall or corbel)
Generator for hammer drill (if necessary)
Installing the Communication Cable
After finalizing the cable route, run the communication cable (ADS
p/n 106227) between the monitor location and the designated EMU
location in the following way:
Note: The following instructions represent a
communication cable installation that occurs from the
EMU location to the manhole through soil. If a transition
must occur through asphalt or concrete, create a ½-inch
(13-mm) wide by 1-inch (25-mm), at a minimum, deep saw
cut trench. Make sure the opening and communication
cable are clean and free of dirt, debris, and grease before
laying the cable. Use only approved loop sealant or
concrete joint sealant to secure the cable into roadway. To
prevent wear or damage to the communication cable, avoid
sharp transitions where the concrete or asphalt meets other
surfaces.
1.
Remove the orange connector from the communication cable
end, if attached, and inspect the ends of each small wire
extending from the cable.
2.
Verify the wire ends are stripped correctly with ¼-inch (6 mm)
exposed. If any wire ends are not stripped or are stripped less
than ¼ inch (6 mm), prepare the wires in the following way:
Communication
4-5
Wire ends stripped ¼-inch
 Cut off the old stripped ends (when applicable) back to the
jacket.
 Use the small side cutters to carefully remove 4 inches (10
cm) of the jacket, and cut away the tension strands and any
other unnecessary jacket materials.
 Using the wire strippers, select the appropriate gauge and
strip ¼ inch (6mm) from the end of all conductors. Twist
each wire end to prevent fraying.
3.
Carefully tape together the loose bundle of wires using vinyl
electrical tape. Form a taper covering all of the wires, keeping
it as thin as possible so that it can pass easily through the
communication cable entry fitting on top of the EMU.
4-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Forming a thin taper using vinyl tape
4.
Excavate a trench at least 12 inches (31 cm) deep and 4 inches
(10 cm) wide from the designated EMU location to the monitor
location. Consult local regulations to verify the required trench
depth for the area.
5.
Drill a ½-inch (13 mm) (minimum) hole through the corbel
(i.e., the structural foundation holding the manhole cover) or
manhole wall to provide a smooth transition for the cable into
the trench.
6.
Run the communication cable from the monitor location in the
manhole to the EMU location. If required by local code, run
the cable through ¾-inch (19-mm) (minimum) electrical PVC
conduit in the following way:
 Extend the conduit through the manhole corbel or wall at
the monitor location.
 Lay the conduit in the trench per local regulations and feed
the communication cable through the conduit.
 Extend the conduit approximately 12 inches (31 cm)
vertically out of the trench (from the ground surface) at the
designated EMU location.
Communication
4-7
 Use urethane foam to seal the space between the conduit
and the corbel or manhole wall to prevent infiltration into
the manhole.
Running the cable and conduit from the manhole to the EMU location
7.
Provide enough slack in the cable at the manhole end to allow
removal of the monitor from the manhole during service
activities.
Note: Do not connect the communication cable to the
monitor at this time!
8.
Provide approximately 40 (102 cm) inches of excess cabling at
the designated EMU location.
9.
(applies only to applications requiring conduit) Use urethane
foam or a sealing fitting to form a seal between the
communication cable and conduit at each end of the conduit.
This will prevent sewer gases from entering the EMU
enclosure, moisture from entering the conduit during a
surcharge, and inflow from entering the manhole.
4-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Installing the Wireless EMU
Installing the wireless EMU primarily involves wiring the
communication cable to the Communication Interface/Barrier box
and mounting the EMU in the customer-supplied, non-metallic
protective enclosure at the designated location.
Note: Because these enclosures vary in design and
construction, ADS does not designate a specific step or
procedure for installing the customer-supplied enclosure in
which to house the EMU. ADS recommends installing the
enclosure at the EMU location based on the manufacturer’s
instructions and at the point in the process that is most
appropriate for the location and application.
EMU Components
The wireless EMU (ADS p/n 3800-0148) used with the FlowShark
IS houses the following major components:

Communication Interface/Barrier PCB (ADS p/n
106124D/106251B)

Modem Reset PCB (ADS p/n 3800-0143)

Quad-Band TCP/IP Wireless Modem (ADS p/n 507959)

Mini-Wing Antenna (ADS p/n 507381)

FlowShark External Battery (ADS p/n 5000-0557)
ADS ships the wireless EMU pre-assembled; however, the battery is
not installed. Perform all EMU installation steps prior to inserting
the battery (or connecting to the external power source, when
applicable) to avoid damage to the Modem reset PCB.
The unit is ready for wireless communication once connected to a
FlowShark IS monitor via a communication cable (ADS p/n
106227), powered by a battery (or external power), and fitted with a
SIM card.
Communication
4-9
Gathering Tools and Materials
Obtain the following items to perform the installation:





Medium (No. 2) Phillips head screwdriver
Small (⅛-inch) flat blade screwdriver (to fit orange
communication cable terminal block)
Wire strippers (with holes to strip 16-, 18-, and 20- gauge
wires)
Small sharp side cutters (not the big cable tie trimmers used for
ring/monitor installs)
Vinyl electrical tape (not stretch tape)
Connecting the Communication Cable to the EMU
Before installing the EMU, verify that the communication cable and
the enclosure to house the EMU have been installed and at least 40
inches (102 cm) of communication cable is extending into the
enclosure. Then, connect the communication cable to the
Communication Interface/Barrier box inside the EMU in the
following way:
Warning: Leave the communication cable disconnected from
the FlowShark IS while handling and terminating the cable into
the EMU. Adhere to the following steps precisely to avoid
damaging the Voltage Regulator PCB!
4-10
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Mini-Wing
Antenna
External Power
Cable Entry
Quad-Band
GPRS Modem
Communication
Cable Entry
Fitting
SIM Card Slot
Communication
Interface/
Barrier Box
Modem
Reset
PCB
EMU Power
Cable
Battery
Compartment
Plate
EMU Cover
Screw Holes
(4)
Inside component view of EMU box
1.
Unscrew the 4 large plastic screws on the cover of the EMU
box by hand and remove the cover. Carefully set the cover
aside, taking care not to damage or allow dirt to contact the
cover gasket.
2.
Disconnect and remove the battery pack from the EMU or
make sure that external power is disconnected, whichever is
applicable.
Communication
3.
4-11
Loosen the nut on the communication cable entry fitting. If the
fitting is snapped closed, use a small flat-blade screwdriver to
gently pry open the ears of the fitting.
Opening the communication cable entry fitting
4.
Run the communication cable through the fitting and into the
box. Pull enough cable through the hole to allow room for
holding the cable while attaching the connector.
Communication cable inserted through the entry fitting
Warning: Make sure the communication cable is NOT
attached to the flow monitor!
4-12
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
5.
Terminate the 12 wires into the orange connector in the
following way using the ⅛-inch flat screwdriver. This
information also displays on a label affixed to the inside cover
of EMU box. Make sure all screws are tight.
Terminal
Color of Wire
1
Yellow
2
Small Blue
3
Small Black
4
White
5
Small Red
6
Small Green
7
Brown
8
Orange
9
Large Red
10
Large Blue
11
Large Black
12
Large Green with Bare
Shield drain wire
Note: The wires can become loose while moving the
cable. Therefore, after terminating the wires, verify once
again that each wire is secure.
6.
Plug the connector into the corresponding port on the black
Communication Interface/Barrier Box, and then pull back the
excess cable from outside of the EMU.
Note: The port on the Communication Interface/Barrier
Box may be difficult to access because of the close
proximity of other components, such as the bracket holding
the modem. Therefore, it may be necessary to remove the
box from the EMU before attaching the orange connector.
Release the box from the back plate of the EMU by
grasping the rear edge of the box (next to the back plate)
and gently, but firmly, pulling to release the Velcro® grips.
After seating the orange connector, verify that all
connections to the Communication Interface/ Barrier Box
are secure and reseat the box onto the Velcro.
Communication
4-13
Connecting the communication cable to port on the Communication
Interface/Barrier Box
7.
Tighten the nut on the communication cable entry fitting until
the cable is secure and cannot be moved in or out of the fitting.
8.
Record the IP address of the SIM card (ADS p/n 507181), and
insert the SIM card into the modem.
Inserting the SIM card into the modem in the EMU
9.
Slide the SIM lock to secure the card in place.
4-14
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
SIM card seated in EMU modem
10. (applies only to battery-powered EMUs) Re-install the battery
pack in the EMU in the following way:
 Install the battery pack into the battery compartment with
the cable facing out the left side of the compartment.
 Connect the battery cable to the EMU power cable.
Note: ADS offers EMUs that are equipped to run on
either battery power or external power directly from the
factory. However, an External Power Kit (ADS p/n 38000181) is available through ADS for converting an existing
battery-powered EMU to receive power from an external
DC source. This kit includes detailed instructions for the
conversion.
11. (applies only to externally-powered EMUs) Attach the metal
connector from the 10-foot external power cable to the chassis
cable connector on the top of the EMU.
12. Replace the cover on the EMU, and securely tighten the four
plastic screws. Be sure the edges of the cover align with the
edge of the box and that no wires are trapped in the gasket.
Communication
4-15
Installing the EMU
Installing the EMU involves mounting the EMU inside the
customer-supplied enclosure, connecting the communication cable
to the monitor, connecting to the external power source, and
verifying the wireless communication signal. Perform these
activities in the following way:
1.
Mount the EMU to the panel inside the customer-supplied
enclosure using appropriate fasteners. The holes in which the
plastic screws go into to secure the cover of the EMU to the
chassis are the same holes through which the fasteners secure
the EMU to the enclosure. Therefore, it may necessary to
remove the EMU cover to insert the fasteners through the holes
to mount the EMU to the enclosure. If this occurs, replace the
cover once the EMU is secured to the enclosure.
One of the holes through which to secure the EMU to the inside panel of the
enclosure
2.
(applies only when using external power) Make sure the 9- or
12-volt battery pack has been removed from the monitor.
Warning: Failing to remove the battery pack from the
monitor before applying external power will damage both
the battery pack and the monitor.
3.
Connect the monitor end of the communication cable to the
COMM port on the top of the monitor. Wrap rubber stretch
tape around the entire cable connection, extending 1 to 2 inches
onto the cable beyond the connection.
4-16
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
4.
(applies only when using external power) Run and connect the
external power cable to the power supply, and then connect to
the power source. Refer to Chapter 5, External Power, for
information and instructions on installing the power supply and
connecting to the power source.
5.
Contact a remote support analyst (with access to the Internet
and the ADS Profile® software). Provide the IP address and
site name, and then have the analyst attempt to communicate
with the flow monitor and perform standard diagnostics or
collect data.
6.
Have the analyst verify the signal strength of the antenna is
higher than –85. Valid signal strength can range from -111 to 51, with -51 representing the best possible signal strength and 111 representing the lowest/worst possible signal strength. A
signal strength of less than -90 is considered poor and will
result in poor communication and higher battery drain. It also is
likely to have a negative impact on both data collection and
monitor configuration. Have the analyst disconnect from the
monitor.
Note: The material of which the enclosure housing the
EMU is made may impact the strength of the signal
available. If the material is significantly reducing the signal
strength, consider installing the wireless antenna (currently
mounting inside the EMU) outside the enclosure. If this
requires drilling holes in the EMU and/or the enclosure,
take appropriate measures to seal the holes around the
cable once the antenna is installed to ensure protection for
the internal components against the elements.
7.
Backfill the trench between the manhole and the EMU location,
and restore the landscape as necessary.
Communication
4-17
Connecting to the Monitor in the Field
Communicating with the monitor on-site occurs by connecting
directly to the monitor from a laptop or, if an EMU is installed,
using the serial cable in the EMU. The ADS Profile software must
be installed on the laptop computer.
Connecting Directly to the Monitor
Connect directly to the monitor using the IS PC Communication
Cable (ADS p/n 106228A rev H5 or higher) in the following way:
Note: The IS PC Communication Cable can be used only
with an internally-powered ADS FlowShark IS monitor.
Direct connection with an externally-powered FlowShark
IS monitor requires the EMU serial cable described in
Connecting to the Monitor through the EMU Serial Cable
on page 4-18.
1.
Attach the potted end of the IS PC communication cable to the
COMM port on the top of the monitor.
2.
Attach the serial connector end of the IS PC communication
cable to the proper serial port on the laptop computer.
4-18
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Direct connection using the IS PC communication cable
3.
Use the Profile software to establish communication with the
monitor.
Note: If your computer only has a USB port and no serial
port, use a USB-to-Serial adapter cable (and driver
software) to perform serial communications. ADS
recommends using one of the following USB adapters:
Dynex model DX-UBDB9 or Keyspan model USA-19S.
Refer to the Profile User's Guide (#950015**) for using the Profile
software to designate the appropriate local port for serial
communication.
Connecting to the Monitor through the EMU
Serial Cable
Communicating with the monitor without physically accessing the
monitor is possible through the EMU using the EMU Serial Cable
(ADS p/n 3800-0147). This requires opening the EMU and
connecting the laptop to the Reset PCB using the EMU serial cable.
Note: The EMU must be powered for this type of
connection, but the modem does not have to be installed or
turned on.
Communication
4-19
EMU serial cable (ADS p/n 3800-0147)
Communicate with the monitor through the EMU in the following
way:
1.
Disconnect the ribbon cable with the gray connector from the
base of the Communication Interface/Barrier box.
2.
Attach the black connector from the EMU serial cable to the
exposed port.
Black connector
(attached to
Reset PCB)
Gray connector
(removed)
Connecting EMU serial cable to the EMU Reset PCB
4-20
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
3.
Connect the other (metal) end of the cable to the serial port on
the laptop computer.
Direct connection using EMU serial cable
4.
Use the Profile software to establish communication with the
monitor.
5.
Reconnect the ribbon cable to the Reset PCB when laptop
communications are complete.
Refer to the Profile User's Guide (#950015**) for using the Profile
software to designate the appropriate local port for serial
communication.
5-1
CHAPTER 5
External Power
The ADS® FlowShark® IS system (monitor and EMU) can receive
power from an external DC power source connected to the EMU
(ADS p/n 3800-0148EP). However, any connection of external
power to the monitor must occur through an EMU for compliance
with IS certifications.
ADS recommends using external power at sites where the monitor
is operating at fast sample rates, frequent wireless communication is
expected, and/or the monitor will be installed for several years.
Using a single DC source to power both the EMU and the monitor
can be cost effective because it eliminates the need for both the IS
battery pack and the EMU alkaline pack.
Note: When installing an externally-powered EMU, ADS
recommends locating the EMU as close as possible to the
power source to maximize the net power available to the
EMU.
The following FlowShark IS models support external power:

5000-IS1

5000-IS1-US
Note: Neither model provides backup power in the event
of an external power source interruption. The monitor will
not lose data: however, it will stop taking readings until
power is restored.
5-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Typical Installation
A typical external power installation includes the following:





A single-phase, 120-volt AC power line terminated at a pole
or post close to the manhole in which the monitor is installed.
An AC distribution device (i.e., disconnect, fuse box, or
breaker box on the pole/post.
A ground rod installed next to the pole/post bonded to the
distribution device.
An AC to 12V DC converter on the pole/post. ADS
recommends using an ADS Power Supply (p/n 5000-0727).
A cable (ADS p/n 5000-0697) connecting the external DC
power source to the EMU. ADS offers a 10-foot long, 0.25inch diameter external power cable (ADS p/n 5000-0697) with
an ethylene/propylene copolymer jacket.
Note: All work necessary to run AC power to the pole
and wire into an approved AC distribution device (i.e.,
disconnect, fuse, or breaker) should be performed by a
licensed electrician. Typically, an electrical permit from
the collection system owner or power authority is required
to install a pole and/or electrical equipment next to a site.
DC Power Requirements
The IS FlowShark system requires a power source capable of
supplying a minimum of 1 ampere of 12-volt regulated DC power
(as measured/available at the EMU, not at the power source output).
For long cable runs, size the supply and cabling to ensure that line
losses do not reduce the net power available to the EMU. If the
application will not involve an ADS Power Supply (ADS p/n 50000727), choose a high-quality industrial type power supply with
ripple no greater than 250mV P-P.
External Power
5-3
Installing an ADS Power Supply
The ADS 12VDC Power Supply (p/n 5000-0727) is a universal
input supply that automatically adjusts to the proper voltage upon
connection. It is housed within a polycarbonate NEMA 4X
enclosure with cable glands for AC and DC cable entry and is
suitable outdoor mounting.
ADS 12VDC power supply
To use the ADS Power Supply, install the power supply and wire
the external power cable in the following way:
1.
Mount the power supply to a panel or other mounting surface
using the appropriate fasteners through the four 0.175-inch
holes located under the corner cover screws.
5-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Note: Do not drill new holes through the housing for
mounting! This will expose the internal components of the
enclosure to moisture, creating unsafe operating
conditions. It also will void the product warranty. Use only
the mounting holes provided under the corner cover screws
to mount the supply.
2.
Verify that the 6-foot AC power cord on the power supply is
suitable for the application. Customer-supplied cabling also
may be used. A cable grip fitting, sized for a 0.125- to 0.375inch OD cable, seals the exit for the DC output cabling.
Replace the cable grip fittings to accommodate custom AC
supply or DC output wiring, when necessary.
WARNING: When hard-wiring to the AC supply, ensure
that the AC source is de-energized and that all applicable
lockout/tagout and other electrical safety measures are
followed.
3.
Remove the front cover from the power supply by loosening
the 4 plastic screws.
4.
Run the 10-foot external power cable (ADS p/n 5000-0697),
coming from the EMU, through the cable grip entry hole on the
side of the power supply case opposite the AC power cord. If
additional length is required, select an appropriate gauge of
cable for the end run to the power source. If cable splicing is
necessary, use a junction box or other method suitable for
outdoor, wet, and/or buried environments.
5.
Terminate the wires from the external DC power cable at the
power supply in the following way:
 Connect the –DC In wires from the cable to the –V
terminal in the power supply.
 Connect the +DC In wires from the cable to the +V
terminal in the power supply.
External Power
5-5
Wiring the external power cable to the ADS Power Supply
6.
Verify the following before connecting to the power source:
 Battery pack has been disconnected and removed from the
monitor and EMU.
 Communication cable is connected to both the monitor and
the EMU.
 External power cable is connected to the EMU and the
ADS Power Supply.
7.
Connect the ADS Power Supply to the AC distribution device
(i.e., disconnect, fuse, or breaker box).
8.
Ensure the DC ON LED is illuminated and the DC LOW LED
is out.
5-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
9.
Securely tighten the cable grip fittings and replace the
enclosure cover. Make sure the cover properly aligns with the
gasket and that all screws are tightened equally (i.e., snug but
not over-tightened).
Converting Battery-Powered Equipment to
Receive External Power
For existing battery-powered EMUs (ADS p/n 3800-0148) and
FlowShark IS monitors, modifications can be made to the EMU
enclosure to support connection to an external power source.
Note: Disconnect and remove the battery packs from both
the monitor and EMU prior to powering the system from
an external source.
ADS offers a kit (p/n 3800-0181) for converting battery-powered
EMUs to receive external power. This kit contains all the cabling,
hardware, and instructions necessary for performing the retrofit.
ADS also offers a power supply (p/n 5000-0727) for powering the
EMU. However, an alternate DC power supply may be used
provided it meets the specifications indicated in DC Power
Requirements on page 5-2.
External Power Kit includes an external power cable (top) and a chassis
cable (bottom)
6-1
CHAPTER 6
Configuration and Activation
After installing the ADS® FlowShark® IS flow monitor and sensors
and setting up communication, it is necessary to configure and
activate the monitor to begin taking flow measurements and
recording data at the monitor location. This chapter contains general
instructions on the following activities concerning monitor
configuration and activation:

Creating a monitor location

Creating an installation (pipe) table

Selecting and editing devices

Setting the communication parameters

Activating the monitor
This chapter also includes the procedure for running diagnostics on
the sensor devices, collecting data from the monitor, and upgrading
the firmware (embedded software) in the monitor.
Refer to the Profile® User's Guide (#950015**) for more detailed
instructions on installing the software, collecting monitor data,
running diagnostics, and configuring, activating, and confirming the
monitor.
Note: The FlowShark IS monitor is supported by Profile
User’s Guide version 950015B0 or greater, and Profile
software version 3.0.2 or greater. Prior versions cannot be
used.
6-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Configuring the Monitor Location
To ensure the most efficient and useful results for each monitor
location, the user must activate the FlowShark IS flow monitor with
the proper configuration information to satisfy the specific
monitoring needs of the project and to reflect actual site conditions.
The configuration information includes critical details such as
specific pipe characteristics, location description, device assignment
and parameters, log rates, and other items relevant to the site and
project requirements.
The configuration information is stored in a Location Information
File (LIF) in the user’s local directory or network drive. Certain
elements of the LIF are saved to the monitor memory during
monitor activation.
This section includes instructions on performing the following
activities required for monitor configuration:

Creating a monitor location in the Profile database

Creating an installation table for the monitor location

Selecting and editing devices
Note: If remote communications have already been
established for the location, field personnel can perform
these activities in cooperation with office personnel. If
remote communication is not available, perform
configuration and activation on site through direct
communication with the monitor.
Launching the Profile Software
Before traveling to the field for installation, configuration, and
activation activities, install the Profile software on the field
computer.
Configuration and Activation
6-3
Once installed, start the Profile software from an office or field
computer by selecting Start > Programs > ADS Corporation >
Profile from the Microsoft® Windows® start menu or doubleclicking on the Profile icon on the Windows desktop.
Profile icon on desktop
The Profile main screen displays.
Profile main screen
The left pane provides the capability to display all the levels and
current details for the selected database on a tree. These levels and
details are accessible by expanding and collapsing the entries on the
tree. Click the plus symbol (+) next to an entry to display the items
contained under that level of the tree; click on the minus symbol (-)
next to an entry to collapse the items under that entry level.
Select an entry or level name in the left pane to display the details
of that entry in the right pane of Profile.
The toolbar provides access to various functions and tools in
Profile based on the item selected in the left or right pane.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Creating a Monitor Location
Creating a new location includes entering and setting up the
location information in the following way:
1.
Select the <All Locations> group located under the database
level.
2.
Select the Edit > New > Location option or click on the New
Location toolbar button.
New Location toolbar button
Profile adds a new location named New_ Loc1 to the <All
Locations> group and displays the Properties dialog.
Properties dialog for the new location
Configuration and Activation
3.
6-5
Enter the new Location Name. Monitor names must follow this
convention depending on length:
 Use unique names when choosing names that are 8
characters or less in length (e.g., FSIS1, FSIS2, FSIS3).
 For longer names, up to the first 8 characters can be the
same for multiple monitors, provided an underscore (_)
follows those characters and the characters following the
underscore are unique (e.g., FlowShrk_01, FlowShrk_02,
FlowShrk_03).
4.
Enter the new location Description.
5.
Select FlowShark IS from the Series drop-down list.
6.
Select the appropriate method of communication from the
Connect Using drop-down list.
7.
(applies only to wireless communication) Enter the monitor
location IP Address for the wireless connection.
Note: Do not use leading zeros before or within the IP
address. For example, an IP address of 166.213.006.020
should be entered as 166.213.6.20.
8.
Enter the Serial Number.
9.
Choose one of the following methods for collecting monitor
data using Profile:
 Auto Collection Select the Autocollect checkbox to
ensure Profile collects data ranging from the last
timestamp collected or a user-defined start date and time to
the current date and time. Edit the corresponding Start
time field as necessary. Profile defaults to this option.
 Manual Collection Deselect the Autocollect checkbox
to ensure Profile collects data based on the range
designated by the user in the Manual Collection section.
Edit the corresponding Start time and End time fields as
necessary. The Autocollect checkbox must be deselected
to enable modification of these fields.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Note: The start and end times displayed in the Monitor
Data section represent the complete date/time range of
flow data available in the monitor memory, based on the
last collect to this database.
10. Enter the number of hours difference between local computer
on which the database resides and the location of the monitor in
the Time Zone field. For example, if the computer is in the
Central time zone and the monitor is located in the Eastern
time zone, select 1 from this field. If the monitor is in the
Central time zone and the monitor is located in the Pacific time
zone, select -2 from this field.
11. (optional) Enter the vertical distance from the manhole rim to
the manhole invert in the Manhole Depth field.
12. Select the rate at which you want the monitor to log data from
the Normal drop-down list.
13. Select the increased rate at which you want the monitor to log
data for the duration of an event from the Fast drop-down list.
This designation applies only when implementing the Dual
Data Rate feature in the Advanced Configuration options.
14. Click on the OK button to create a LIF for the location in the
database and exit the dialog.
The new monitor location with a single monitoring point is
now created and configured in the database.
Creating an Installation Table
Creating an installation table involves defining the size, shape, and
physical characteristics of the monitoring point in order to allow the
software to properly calculate depths and corresponding quantities
for the monitor installation.
The user can create an installation table using the Installation
Generator in the Profile software in the following way:
Configuration and Activation
1.
6-7
Select the monitoring point for which you want to create the
installation.
Monitoring Point 1 selected from Location HSV4
2.
Select Tools > Installation Generator from the main menu or
click on the Installation Generator toolbar button on the
Profile main screen.
Installation Generator toolbar button
The Create Installation – Introduction dialog in the wizard
displays.
Create Installation – Introduction dialog in the wizard
3.
Select the New radio button, and then click on the Next button.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Create Installation – Installation dialog
4.
Select the Pipe radio button, and then click on the Next button.
Create Installation – Type dialog
5.
Select the type or shape of the pipe from the drop-down list,
and then click on the Next button.
Configuration and Activation
6-9
Create Installation – Dimension/Parameters dialog
6.
Enter the proper pipe dimensions in the corresponding fields,
and then click on the Next button.
Create Installation – Name dialog
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
7.
Enter an appropriate name for the installation in the text field,
and then click on the Next button.
Create Installation – Summary dialog
8.
Review the installation table selection summary, and then click
on the Finish button. Click on the Back button to return to
previous dialogs to edit any of the existing selections.
Option to save pipe table dialog
9.
Click on the Yes button to save the installation table to the
Profile database for the selected location.
Configuration and Activation
6-11
Installation Generator dialog
10. Select File > Exit to close the Installation Generator.
Selecting and Editing Devices
Select and edit the devices corresponding to the new monitor
location to ensure it logs the desired data. Editing the devices
involves setting specific parameters to ensure the monitor and
Profile properly obtain and process the data. Perform the following
steps to properly select and edit devices:
1.
Select the location for selecting/editing devices from the
database.
2.
Expand the location contents (monitoring point and devices) by
selecting the expansion symbol corresponding to the location
and then selecting Devices.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Devices selected for HSV4
3.
Select the Edit > Properties option or click on the Properties
toolbar button.
Properties toolbar button
The Edit Devices dialog displays the available devices and devices
selected by default for Monitoring Point 1.
Edit Devices dialog
4.
Select the monitoring point to which you want to assign the
devices from the Monitoring Point drop-down list.
5.
Select the checkboxes corresponding to the devices you want to
assign to the designated monitoring point from the Available
Devices selection box. A checkmark must display beside a
Configuration and Activation
6-13
device in the Monitoring Point Devices section to ensure
Profile includes the device in the LIF. Deselect the checkboxes
from the Available Devices section corresponding to the
devices you do not want to include as associated with the
selected monitoring point in the LIF.
Note: Profile selects the Ultrasonic 1, Velocity 1,
Pressure 1, and MLI® 1 devices for the FlowShark IS flow
monitor by default. The MLI device is not specifically
associated with a sensor. It represents special software
included in the monitor firmware that supports activities
such as water quality sampling and event notification.
The selected devices display in the Monitoring Point Devices
section.
6.
Repeat steps 4 through 5 to assign devices to Monitoring
Point 2, when applicable.
7.
As necessary, edit the parameters specific to each device in the
following way:
 Access the device parameters by selecting (highlighting)
the device you want to edit in the Monitoring Point
Devices section and then clicking on the Edit button.
 Refer to the following sections for details concerning the
specific device parameters.
8.
Once you have edited the devices as necessary, click on the
OK button to save the devices to the LIF.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Editing the Ultrasonic Device
Edit the ultrasonic device in the following way, and then click on
the OK button when complete:
Edit Ultrasonic Device Properties dialog





Use Defaults Select this checkbox to apply the default
parameters to the ultrasonic device. Deselecting this option
enables the parameter fields for editing.
Physical Offset Enter the physical distance between the face
of the ultrasonic depth sensor and the top (crown) of the pipe.
Scrubbing Window Enter the allowable difference between
individual ultrasonic pair readings and the average reading of
all the pairs. If any single pair exceeds the difference, that pair
will be flagged and removed from the calculation. The
remaining pairs will be averaged to calculate the depth
readings.
Temperature Offset This field should not require
modification for the FlowShark IS monitor. No additional
temperature compensation is necessary.
Blanking (auto) Select this checkbox to ensure the monitor
disregards depths occurring within a distance from the face of
the ultrasonic depth sensor equivalent to 5 percent of the range
Configuration and Activation
6-15
from the sensor face to the bottom of the pipe. This (default)
setting effectively represents the vast majority of pipe/flow
conditions. Therefore, ADS strongly recommends selecting this
option for most applications.


Blanking (override) Enter the distance from the face of the
ultrasonic depth sensor within which to ignore data potentially
representing erroneous readings. Use this option in place of the
auto-blanking option (above) to designate a distance greater
than 5 percent of the range from the face of the sensor to the
bottom of the pipe. Do not choose a distance shorter than 5
percent of the range. ADS recommends using this option only
when spikes in the data are occurring beyond the 5 percent
range and under direct consultation with an ADS
representative.
Pipe Height This field represents the height of the pipe in
which the sensor is installed. This parameter is not editable
from this location.
Editing the Velocity Device
Edit the velocity device in the following way, and then click on the
OK button when complete:
Edit Velocity Device Properties dialog
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Note: Typically, the velocity device should not require
editing. However, when editing is necessary, ADS
recommends acquiring proper training or assistance before
changing the velocity parameters.



Use Defaults Select this checkbox to apply the default
parameters to the velocity device. Deselect this option to enable
the fields to allow editing of the velocity device parameters.
Sensitivity Select the appropriate velocity sensor sensitivity
from the drop-down list. A sensitivity that is too high may
produce noise, causing interference in the signal and resulting
in spikes in the data. A low sensitivity can produce readings
that are low in comparison with confirmation readings.
Velocity Direction Select the direction in which the flow
occurs or the velocity sensor is positioned.
 Bidirectional Choose this option to enable the monitor
to properly log both positive and reverse flows at the
monitoring point when the sensor is positioned to fire
upstream (sensor crystals facing upstream).
 Forward Choose this option to read only positive flows
when the sensor is positioned to fire upstream (sensor
crystals facing upstream).
 Backward Choose this option to read downstream flow
when the sensor is installed in the outgoing line and
positioned in the opposite direction to fire downstream
(sensor crystals facing downstream). For example, this
option may be used when two pipes converge and the
sensor is installed in the single outgoing line.
 Backward Bidirectional Choose this option to read
both downstream and reverse flows when the sensor is
installed in the outgoing line and positioned in the opposite
direction to fire downstream (sensor crystals facing
downstream). For example, this option may be used when
a weir is installed to measure overflows that may
experience river intrusion.
Configuration and Activation



6-17
Max Velocity Select the appropriate option from this dropdown list to fine tune the maximum velocity value at the
selected monitoring point for greater accuracy in the velocity
data. An Auto option is available that allows the monitor to
dynamically modify the optimal maximum velocity based on
the current velocity readings to enhance the precision in
processing velocity data. It can read velocities up to 30 feet per
second (fps). However, ADS recommends using a fixed value
for monitoring points that typically remain dry, such as
overflows or sites downstream from pump stations. For these
applications, consider choosing the 10 or 15 fps option,
particularly where a sudden surge of flow traveling at more
than 3 fps can occur within a single interval.
Sample Duration Select the duration of time for the sensor
to fire based on the noise present at the location. This interval
should increase with elevated noise levels. ADS recommends
restricting the selected interval between 3 and 8 seconds.
Flow Type Select the option corresponding to the conditions
that generally reflect the monitoring point at which the Doppler
velocity sensor is installed.
 Typical Choose this option for locations that consistently
experience continuous flow.
 Wet/Stagnant Choose this option for locations that
experience pooling, with only limited movement in the
flow.
 Usually Dry Choose this option for locations that are
characterized by an absence of flow, except during wet
weather conditions.

Gain This represents the factor that is applied to raw velocity
to determine average velocity when receiving diagnostic
readings and calculating quantity and typical days in the
monitor. This parameter is editable through the Quantity
Coefficient Generator tool in Profile.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Editing the Pressure Device
Edit the pressure device in the following way, and then click on the
OK button when complete:
Edit Pressure Device Properties dialog

Serial Number Enter the serial number listed on the pressure
depth sensor.
Note: Entering the pressure depth sensor’s serial number
and downloading the pressure coefficients are essential to
ensuring the monitor logs accurate pressure depth data.

Coefficients Click on the Load button to browse to the
folder in the local directory containing the coefficients for the
pressure depth sensor (based on the sensor’s serial number).
These coefficients also can be entered manually. Download the
file containing the pressure coefficients to the local directory
from the ADS website in the following way:
Configuration and Activation
6-19
 Access the ADS website at www.adsenv.com on the
Internet.
 Select ADS Environmental Services > Support > Client
Services.
 Click on the Download pressure coefficients… link.
 Right-click on the year in which the sensor was
manufactured, and select the Save Target As option.
 Rename the file to reflect the following format:
pressure.xx, where xx represents the last two digits of the
year in which the sensor was manufactured. Remove the
.txt extension!
 Save the file to the appropriate location in the local file
system.



Pipe Height This field displays the pipe height at the monitor
location. This parameter is not editable from this location.
Physical Offset Enter the vertical distance from the top of
the pressure depth sensor to the bottom center of the pipe. ADS
recommends measuring this distance manually during the
monitor installation or confirmation process. Profile defaults to
0 inches.
Electronic Offset Enter the difference that exists between
the pressure depth sensor readings and the manually measured
depth. The default offset is 0 inches.
Editing the MLI Device
Typically, the MLI device does not require editing. However, if the
monitor will be supporting activities such as event notification or
dual data rates, refer to the Profile User’s Guide (#950015**) for
detailed instructions on properly setting the applicable parameters.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Setting the Communication
Parameters
Setting the communication parameters involves designating the
communication ports, minimum voltages, temperature thresholds,
and other parameters to ensure proper communication,
measurement, and maintenance of the FlowShark IS flow monitor.
Modify the communication parameters as necessary.
Note: Typically, the default settings should not require
modification.
1.
Select a monitor location from the Profile main screen, and
then select Tools > Diagnostics from the main menu or click
on the Diagnostics toolbar button.
Diagnostics toolbar button
The Monitor Diagnostics dialog displays.
Monitor Diagnostics dialog
Configuration and Activation
2.
6-21
Select Communication Parameters from the Functions dropdown list, and click on the Perform button.
The Select Communication Parameters dialog displays.
Select Communication Parameters dialog
3.
Select or enter the communication parameters as necessary:
 Modem Name Select the modem you want to use during
modem communication from the drop-down list. This list
should include all available modems on your computer.
 Modem Port Select the proper port for modem
communication from this drop-down list. This list should
include all available ports on your computer.
 Serial Port Select the proper port for serial
communication from this drop-down list. This list should
include all available ports on your computer.
 DMI Port Select the proper port for communication using
the DMI from this drop-down list. This list should include
all available ports on your computer.
 Timeout Enter the number of seconds you want your
local computer to wait for a response from the monitor
once communication has been initiated.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
 Attempts Enter the number of times you want your local
PC to request data from the monitor following a failed
attempt while the monitor is still on line.
 Low Temperature Enter the temperature reading from
the monitor, ultrasonic depth sensor, and pressure depth
sensor below which you want Profile to provide
notification.
 High Temperature Enter the temperature reading from
the monitor, ultrasonic depth sensor, and pressure depth
sensor above which you want Profile to provide
notification.
 Log Communications Select this checkbox to record
all communication activities with the monitor.
 Status on Connect Select this checkbox to view details
concerning the current state of the monitor once monitor
communication has been established.
 Low Battery 1502, 1506, 3500, 4000 (These
parameters do not apply to the FlowShark IS flow
monitor.)
 Low Modem Battery TCP/IP Enter the voltage from
the battery inside the EMU powering the wireless modem
below which you want Profile to provide notification
concerning the wireless communication unit, when
applicable. ADS recommends leaving the default battery
setting unchanged.
 Low Signal Strength TCP/IP Enter the signal strength
(in dBm) below which you want Profile to provide
notification concerning the wire communication unit, when
applicable. ADS recommends using -95 dBm for the low
signal strength.
 Low Battery FlowShark (This parameter does not
apply to the FlowShark IS monitor.)
 Low Battery FlowShark IS Internal Enter the
voltage, supplied either by the battery inside the monitor or
Configuration and Activation
6-23
an external power source, below which you want Profile to
provide notification for the FlowShark IS monitor. ADS
recommends leaving the default battery voltage
unchanged.
 Low Battery FlowShark IS External Enter the
voltage supplied from the external power source powering
the wireless modem in the EMU and the monitor (when
applicable) below which you want Profile to provide
notification for the FlowShark IS monitor. ADS
recommends leaving the default battery voltage
unchanged.
Note: Notification of low battery voltage or signal
strength occurs during the data collection process, during
monitor activation, and when receiving TCP/IP
communication status. View the associated logs through
the Diagnostics tool and Log Viewer in the Profile
software.
 Low Battery FlowAlert/RainAlert II (This parameter
does not apply to the FlowShark IS flow monitor.)
 Low Battery Triton/FlowHawk (This parameter does
not apply to the FlowShark IS flow monitor.)
4.
Click on the OK button.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Activating the Monitor
After configuring the monitor, activate the monitor to initiate the
flow monitoring process based on the monitor configuration.
Monitor activation involves generating the activation data using the
Profile software, downloading this data to the monitor, and
initiating flow data measurement and logging. The activation data
includes the current monitor firmware (embedded software) and
relevant portions of the LIF and other configuration parameters
necessary to ensure monitoring activities reflect the specific site
conditions and project requirements. The monitor requires these
files and information to properly measure and record the flow.
Note: If the monitor has been deactivated (configured to
no longer wake-up and take measurements), the user must
communicate directly with the FlowShark IS monitor
through a serial connection before remote communications
can be resumed.
Monitor activation occurs through the Diagnostics tool in Profile.
Activate the monitor in the following way:
1.
Select the monitor location you want to activate from the
Profile main screen, and then click on the Diagnostics toolbar
button.
The Monitor Diagnostics dialog displays.
Configuration and Activation
6-25
Monitor Diagnostics dialog
2.
Click on the Connect button to establish communication with
the monitor.
Profile initiates communication with the monitor and
establishes a connection.
3.
Select Activate from the Functions drop-down list, and then
click on the Perform button.
Profile downloads the configuration and installation
information, activates the monitor, and begins logging data
based on the selected configuration.
4.
Click on the Disconnect button once activation is successful
(designated in the Results section) and complete.
The local computer disconnects from the monitor.
5.
Click on the Close button to exit the Monitor Diagnostics
dialog.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Running Device Diagnostics
Profile’s diagnostics tool enables the user to verify the proper
operation of sensors, obtain current readings and status, adjust
settings, and identify, diagnose, and troubleshoot potential problems
with ultrasonic, velocity, and pressure devices. Run diagnostics for
the system devices in the following way:
1.
Select the monitor location for which you want to run
diagnostics on a device(s) from the Profile main screen, and
then select Tools > Diagnostics or click on the Diagnostics
toolbar button.
Diagnostics toolbar button
The Monitor Diagnostics dialog displays.
Monitor Diagnostics dialog
Configuration and Activation
2.
6-27
Click on the Connect button to establish communication with
the monitor.
Profile initiates communication with the monitor and
establishes a connection.
3.
(applies only to the Ultrasonic Device) Run diagnostics on the
ultrasonic device in the following way:
 Select the Ultrasonic 1 device from the Diagnose Device
drop-down list, and then click on the Diagnose button.
The Diagnostics dialog displays the current configuration
parameters stored in the LIF for the Ultrasonic 1 device.
Diagnostics dialog for the Ultrasonic 1 device
 Click on the Fire button.
The Results section displays the current depth and temperature
readings measured by the ultrasonic depth sensor.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Diagnostics dialog showing results from ultrasonic depth sensor firing
 Click on the Advanced button to view more detailed
diagnostic information.
 Verify the accuracy, consistency, and quality of the
readings, and edit the configuration parameters as
necessary.
Note: Refer to Editing the Ultrasonic Device on page 614 for a description of the individual configuration
parameters.
 Click on the Store button to save any changes made to the
device parameters to the LIF in the database.
Note: When running diagnostics on multiple devices for
the same monitor, consider waiting to reactivate the
monitor with the new LIF until device diagnostics are
complete for all the selected devices. However, save the
changes to the database before exiting each device
window.
Configuration and Activation
6-29
 Click on the Close button to exit the Ultrasonic 1 device
dialog and return to the Monitor Diagnostics dialog.
4.
(applies only to the Velocity Device) Run diagnostics on the
velocity device in the following way:
 Select the Velocity 1 device from the Diagnose Device
drop-down list, and then click on the Diagnose button.
The Diagnostics dialog displays the current configuration
parameters stored in the LIF for the Velocity 1 device.
Diagnostics dialog for the Velocity 1 device
 Click on the Fire button.
The Results section displays the current velocity of the flow
measured by the velocity sensor.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Diagnostics dialog showing results from velocity sensor firing
 Click on the Advanced button to view more detailed
diagnostic information.
 Verify the accuracy of the reading, and edit the
configuration parameters as necessary.
Note: Refer to Editing the Velocity Device on page 6-15
for a description of the individual configuration
parameters.
 Click on the Store button to save any changes made in the
device parameters to the LIF in the database.
Note: When running diagnostics on multiple devices for
the same monitor, consider waiting to reactivate the
monitor with the new LIF until device diagnostics are
complete for all the selected devices. However, save the
changes to the database before exiting each device
window.
Configuration and Activation
6-31
 Click on the Close button to exit the Velocity 1 device
dialog and return to the Monitor Diagnostics dialog.
5.
(applies only to the Pressure Device) Run diagnostics on the
pressure device in the following way:
 Select the Pressure 1 device from the Diagnose Device
drop-down list, and then click on the Diagnose button.
The Diagnostics dialog displays the current configuration
parameters stored in the LIF for the Pressure 1 device.
Diagnostics dialog for the Pressure 1 device
 Click on the Fire button.
The Results section displays the current depth and temperature
readings measured by the pressure depth sensor.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Diagnostics dialog showing results from pressure depth sensor firing
 Click on the Advanced button to view more detailed
diagnostic information.
 Verify the accuracy of the pressure depth and temperature
readings, and edit the configuration parameters as
necessary.
Note: Refer to Editing the Pressure Device on page 6-18
for a description of the individual configuration
parameters.
 Click on the Store button to save any changes made in the
device parameters to the LIF in the database.
 Click on the Close button to exit the Pressure 1 device
dialog and return to the Monitor Diagnostics dialog.
6.
Select Activate from the Functions drop-down list, and then
click on the Perform button. For more information on
activating a monitor, refer to Activating the Monitor on page 624.
Configuration and Activation
7.
6-33
Click on the Disconnect button to discontinue communication
with the monitor when finished running diagnostics on the
system devices.
Note: ADS also recommends performing confirmations
to verify the accuracy of the data and equipment.
Confirmations involve comparing manual flow depth,
temperature, and velocity measurements taken in the field
against monitor readings taken electronically. The
technician or analyst confirms the accuracy of the data
based on the difference between the monitor and field
readings. For more information, refer to the Profile User’s
Guide (#950015**).
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Collecting Data from the Monitor
The data collection function available through Diagnostics provides
enhanced features for viewing and analysis. Once the collection
process is complete, Profile displays the data in both hydrograph
and scattergraph formats based on the entities collected. In addition
to the scattergraph displaying the depth-to-velocity relationship, it
also displays a scattergraph illustrating the correlation between
depth entities.
For analysis purposes, the Diagnostics tool automatically processes
the data using Site DR (data review). This feature identifies issues
concerning data quality or missing information and offers
recommendations (when necessary) for conducting further review,
investigation, or analysis.
Collect data from the monitor in the following way:
Note: Perform group and scheduled collects using the
Communications tool.
1.
Select the monitor location from which you want to collect
data, and then select Tools > Diagnostics from the main menu
or click on the Diagnostics toolbar button.
Diagnostics toolbar button
The Monitor Diagnostics dialog displays.
Configuration and Activation
6-35
Monitor Diagnostics dialog
2.
Click on the Connect button to establish communication with
the monitor.
Profile initiates communication with the monitor and
establishes a connection.
3.
Select the Collect option from the Functions drop-down list,
and then click on the Perform button.
Profile displays the Collect the Specified Data dialog.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Collect the Specified Data dialog
4.
Designate the range of data you want to collect from the
monitor by editing the Start and End Time fields in the
Collect Information section. Edit these fields directly by
selecting the portion of the date or time stamp you want to
change and then entering the appropriate designation or using
the arrows to scroll up and down in the range. If you do not edit
the range, the start date and time automatically default to the
Autocollect Start time in the LIF.
5.
Click on the Collect button.
The Results section displays the status of the collect. Profile
collects all entity data from the monitor for the selected
date/time range and stores it in the currently selected
database.
Configuration and Activation
6-37
Collect The Specified Data dialog indicating data collection was a success
6.
Click on the Next button.
The View Hydrograph – [location name] dialog displays the
collected data in hydrograph format.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
View Hydrograph – [location name] dialog
7.
Review the data on the hydrograph, and then click on the Next
button. Under optimal conditions, the depth and velocity data
should reflect a consistent diurnal pattern.
The View Depth and Velocity Scattergraph – [location name]
dialog displays the collected depth and velocity data in
scattergraph format.
Configuration and Activation
6-39
View Depth and Velocity Scattergraph – [location name] dialog
8.
Review the data on the scattergraph, and then click on the Next
button. Under optimal conditions, the data on the graph should
reveal velocity increasing with depth.
The View Ultrasonic and Pressure Scattergraph – [location
name] dialog displays the collected ultrasonic and pressure
depth data in scattergraph format.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
View Ultrasonic and Pressure Scattergraph – [location name] dialog
9.
Review the data on the scattergraph, and then click on the Next
button. A properly performing pressure depth sensor should
display a one-to-one relationship with the UNIDEPTH data.
The Site DR Analysis – [location name] dialog displays the
results of the site data review analysis of the collected data and
any recommendations for resolving identified issues.
Configuration and Activation
6-41
Site DR Analysis – [location name] dialog
10. Review any issues identified and the suggested actions, and
then click on the Finish button.
11. Click on the Close button.
The Monitor Diagnostics dialog displays. The Results section
displays the recommendations from Site DR Analysis, when
applicable.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Upgrading the Monitor Firmware
Profile enables you to download updated firmware to the
FlowShark IS flow monitor that may include new features and
capabilities or performance improvements and enhancements in
functions such as data processing, analysis, and communications.
ADS recommends collecting the data from the monitor before
updating the firmware in the monitor to avoid losing the flow data
stored in the monitor memory. Refer to the Profile User’s Guide
(#950015**) for information on collecting data from the monitor.
ADS also requires reactivating the monitor after updating the
firmware.
Upgrade the firmware in the monitor memory in the following way:
1.
Select the monitor location for which you want to upgrade the
firmware, and select Tools > Diagnostics from the main menu
or click on the Diagnostics toolbar button.
Diagnostics toolbar button
The Monitor Diagnostics dialog displays.
Configuration and Activation
6-43
Monitor Diagnostics – [location name] dialog
2.
Click on the Connect button to establish communication with
the monitor.
Profile initiates communication with the monitor and
establishes a connection.
3.
Select Update Firmware from the Functions drop-down list,
and then click on the Perform button.
The Form Firmware Download dialog displays.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Form Firmware Download dialog
4.
Click on the Browse button corresponding to DSP file to locate
and designate the DSP file applicable to the firmware
download. This program file represents the firmware containing
the updated code for data processing activities.
5.
Click on the OK button.
Profile downloads the new firmware to the monitor.
6.
Select Activate from the Functions drop-down list, and then
click on the Perform button.
Profile activates the monitor with the updated firmware.
Configuration and Activation
6-45
Viewing Diagnostic and Data Logs
Profile generates detailed logs for many activities performed
through Diagnostics, such as monitor activation, data collection,
and firmware downloading. These logs are available immediately
following the activity and for future access to historical information.
1.
Select the monitor location for which you want to view an
activity log from the Profile main screen, and then click on the
Diagnostics toolbar button.
Diagnostics toolbar button
The Monitor Diagnostics dialog displays.
Monitor Diagnostics – [location name] dialog
6-46
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
2.
Select the monitoring point for which you want to view a log
from the Monitoring Point drop-down list.
3.
Select Logs from the Functions drop-down list.
4.
Click on the Perform button.
The View Logs dialog displays.
View Logs dialog
5.
Select the kind of log you want to view from the Log Type
drop-down list.
The Logs section displays all logs available for the selected
location and log type.
6.
Select the specific log you want to view, and click on the View
button.
The Print Preview screen displays the contents for the selected
log.
Configuration and Activation
6-47
Example of Monitor Status log
7.
(optional) Click on the Print button to print the contents of the
log file.
Print button
7-1
CHAPTER 7
Monitor Installation
After installing the sensors and establishing communications, install
the ADS® FlowShark® IS monitor in the manhole. The monitor
mounts inside the manhole by an aluminum mounting bracket
attached to the monitor and bolted to the manhole wall or rim. The
following procedures for monitor installation apply to most sites.
However, because manholes differ in many ways, some sites may
require the installer to implement slight modifications to the
standard installation technique.
Before installing the monitor at the site, activate the monitor to
verify that the monitor is configured correctly for the application
and that the battery pack is operating at an adequate voltage. Make
any necessary changes to the configuration before mounting the
unit. Refer to Chapter 8, Maintenance and Troubleshooting, for
information on replacing the battery pack, when necessary.
Note: Manhole and sewer system work involves confined
space entry and is inherently dangerous. Therefore,
installers and technicians must comply with all federal,
state, and municipal regulations concerning confined space
entry. ADS is not responsible for any injuries, damages,
claims, or liability resulting directly or indirectly from the
use of this installation guide or the installation of any ADS
equipment.
7-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Mounting the Monitor to the Manhole
Wall
Mount the monitor to the manhole wall using the monitor bracket in
the following way:
1.
Determine the appropriate location to mount the monitor
bracket to the manhole wall. Consider the following when
selecting the proper location:
 Select a location that will allow for easy removal of the
monitor during service visits using the mounting bracket
(extension handle).
 Select a location that exhibits only a minimal potential for
experiencing surcharge conditions.
 Select a location that will prevent the manhole lid from
potentially damaging the monitor during removal or when
rotating in the opening.
 Select a location that will allow personnel to enter/exit the
manhole without removing monitor.
2.
Hold the top end of the mounting bracket against the manhole
wall, and mark the location for the mounting hole through the
keyhole in the bracket.
3.
Drill a hole 2½ inches deep at the mark, and install a
3/8-inch x 3-inch anchor bolt in the hole.
Note: Make sure all anchor bolts, studs, nuts, and
washers used in mounting the monitor are stainless steel.
4.
Twist a nut onto the anchor bolt, but do not tighten it down.
Leave enough space between the nut and the wall for the
thickness of the mounting bracket.
5.
Mount the bottom of the bracket onto the monitor flange with
two 3/8-inch x 1-inch hex bolts, 3/8 – 16 hex nuts, and 3/8-inch
washers.
Monitor Installation
Bolting the mounting bracket to the flange welded to the monitor
6.
Carefully lower the monitor into the manhole, and place the
keyhole of the mounting bracket over the anchor bolt.
Note: ADS strongly recommends attaching a security line
to the monitor before lowering it into the manhole to
prevent the monitor from accidentally dropping down into
the manhole during installation.
7.
Tighten and secure the bolt against the mounting bracket.
Monitor installed in the manhole
7-3
7-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
8.
Neatly coil and secure the excess sensor and communication
cables in the manhole to simplify future monitor service
activities. Secure the cables to plastic anchors or ¼-inch x 2¼inch anchor bolts using 14-inch cable ties.
Note: Be careful to avoid damaging the sensor cables
during installation activities. Even small pinholes in the
cable can cause a sensor to malfunction or fail.
Monitor Installation
7-5
Mounting the Monitor to the Manhole
Rim
Mount the monitor to the manhole rim using the monitor bracket in
the following way:
1.
Determine the appropriate location to mount the monitor
bracket to the inside of the iron manhole rim. Consider the
following when selecting the proper location:
 Select a location that will allow for easy removal of the
monitor during service visits using the mounting bracket
(extension handle).
 Select a location that exhibits only a minimal potential for
experiencing surcharge conditions.
 Select a location that will prevent the manhole lid from
potentially damaging the monitor during removal or when
rotating in the opening.
 Select a location that will allow personnel to enter/exit the
manhole without removing monitor.
2.
Hold the keyhole at the top end of the bracket against the lower
inner rim of the manhole, and mark the location for the
stainless steal stud through the keyhole in the bracket. Make
sure there will be enough room to lift the bracket up and over
the stud when installed.
3.
Drill a hole(s) into the manhole rim 1 inch deep using a
5/16-inch carbide-tipped drill bit.
Note: Consider starting the hole using smaller bits to
make pilot holes and increasing up to a 5/16-inch bit. In
addition, spray cutting oil or another lubricant into the hole
while drilling and tapping.
7-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Drilling the hole in the manhole rim
4.
Use a 3/8-inch x 16 threads-per-inch tap to cut threads in the
hole. Twist the tap clockwise ¾ turn, and then back out ½ turn
before continuing deeper.
Using the tap to thread the hole
Monitor Installation
7-7
5.
Chase the threading action at intervals to clear the metal debris
by backing the tap almost completely out of the hole and then
screwing it back into the hole. Lubricate the hole between
threading.
6.
Place two 3/8 – 16 hex nuts (with a 3/8-inch washer in
between) onto one end of a 3/8-inch x 2-inch stud.
Placing two nuts and a washer onto the stud
7.
Using two wrenches, turn the inner nut counter-clockwise and
the outer nut clockwise simultaneously to bind the two nuts
together on the stud.
7-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Binding the nuts together with the washer in between
8.
Install the stud into the tapped hole using the outer nut to
engage the wrench. Continue turning the nut clockwise until the
stud is seated at least ¾ inch deep in the hole.
Installing the stud into the hole in the manhole rim
9.
Separate the nuts, and turn the inner nut until it is flush against
the rim.
10. Slide the washer against the inner nut, and turn the outer nut
toward the edge of the stud.
Monitor Installation
7-9
Positioning the nuts on the stud to receive the mounting bracket
11. Mount the bottom of the mounting bracket onto the monitor
flange with two 3/8-inch x 1-inch hex bolts, 3/8 – 16 nex nuts,
and 3/8-inch washers. It may be necessary to drill new holes in
the flange.
12. Carefully lower the monitor into the manhole, and place the
keyhole in the bracket over the outer nut on the stud.
Note: ADS strongly recommends attaching a security line
to the monitor before lowering it into the manhole to avoid
accidentally dropping the monitor down into the manhole
during installation.
13. Slide the bracket against the inner nut and washer, and tighten
and secure the outer nut against the bracket.
14. Neatly coil and secure the excess sensor and communication
cables in the manhole to simplify future monitor service
activities. Secure the cables to plastic anchors or ¼-inch x 2¼inch anchor bolts using 14-inch cable ties.
Note: Be careful to avoid damaging the sensor cables
during installation activities. Even small pinholes in the
cable can cause a sensor to malfunction or fail.
8-1
CHAPTER 8
Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
While the ADS® FlowShark® IS flow monitor and sensors are
designed for dependability and durability, all electronic devices are
vulnerable to wear, malfunction, or failure, particularly in a harsh
sewer environment. However, many system problems can be
avoided altogether by performing routine maintenance and
inspections. The design of the monitor enables the user to perform
general diagnostics and troubleshooting to prevent, isolate, and
correct many problems easily. These serve to minimize unnecessary
monitor downtime and data loss.
This chapter provides routine maintenance instructions as well as
general diagnostic and troubleshooting guidelines for isolating and
correcting monitoring system problems.
Note: Remove the monitor from the manhole before
replacing the battery pack or performing service activities
which may involve disconnecting cables from the monitor.
In addition, disconnect telephone service at the network
interface box before disconnecting cables from the monitor
lid. These activities help prevent possible shock or injury
to personnel as well as damage to the equipment during
service visits at the monitor location.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Maintaining the System Components
The FlowShark IS flow monitor and sensors should receive routine
on-site inspections and remote confidence checks to maintain the
equipment in optimal working condition, minimize monitor
downtime, and prevent possible data loss.
ADS recommends performing these inspections following initial
system installation, during site visits, and on a scheduled interval
(i.e., quarterly or during battery pack replacement).
Note: The only service or maintenance activity ADS
permits within the monitor chassis is battery pack
replacement. Therefore, do not handle, alter, modify,
remove, or replace any other components inside the
monitor. Such actions will void the monitor warranty
agreement and the IS certification.
Gathering Replacement Parts and Supplies
Gather the following replacement parts and supplies for performing
routine maintenance:

Dryer tube for the pressure depth sensor

Battery packs for both the EMU and the FlowShark IS monitor

IS ultrasonic depth, pressure depth, and Doppler velocity
sensors

Soft bristle brush

Paper towels

Compressed air

Flat head screwdriver and assorted wrenches
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-3
Inspecting the Monitor
Perform the following inspections during site visits or from a
remote location (when applicable):








Inspect the monitor mounting bracket to verify that the bracket
and bolts are free of heavy corrosion and the bolts are tightened
and secure.
Verify that the four bolts holding the monitor together are snug,
and tighten any loose bolts.
Verify that the monitor is mounted securely in the manhole.
Inspect the monitor for general integrity. Verify that nothing
more than surface corrosion is present and that the monitor has
no obvious mechanical defects. Replace the monitor if
necessary.
Perform monitor data confirmations. These should occur from a
remote location when wireless communication is available.
Review the applicable logs in Profile® to verify the status of
the monitor clock, communications, firmware, battery pack(s),
and temperatures.
Clean the monitor and sensors regularly with a soft bristle
brush and paper towels. However, do not use detergent!
Make sure all connector ports on the monitor top are dry. Use
compressed air or paper towels to dry out wet or damp
connectors.
Confirming the Monitor
Confirm the accuracy of the sensor subsystems in the monitor on a
regular basis. Confirmation involves comparing manually-measured
depth of flow and velocity readings to the monitor's readings. This
process also verifies sensor parameters. Refer to the Profile User's
Guide (#950015**) for detailed information on performing
confirmation procedures.
8-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Checking the Monitor Battery Voltage
Check the battery voltage using Profile before installing the
monitor and after collecting data. The projected life for the 9-volt
battery pack (when applicable) in the monitor is 9 to 12 months at a
15-minute sample rate; the projected life for the 12-volt battery
pack (when applicable) in the monitor is 11-15 months at a 15minute sample rate. However, replace the battery pack in a monitor
with the 9-volt or the 12-volt battery pack as soon as possible when
the internal voltage is 6.5 volts or less, or Profile provides a Low
battery status.
Warning: An external voltage reading below 8.0 volts or
an internal voltage of less than 6.5 volts may prevent
communication with and data collection from the monitor.
Check the current battery voltage in the monitor using the
Diagnostics tool in Profile in the following way:
1.
From the Profile software main screen, select the monitor and
then select the Diagnostics toolbar button (or select Tools >
Diagnostics from the main menu).
Diagnostics toolbar button
The Diagnostics dialog displays.
2.
Select the Connect button on the Diagnostics dialog to
establish communication with the monitor.
Profile establishes communication, and the Monitor Status
displays on a Print Preview screen for the selected monitor.
3.
Review the Monitor Status. Replace the internal battery when
the Internal Voltage is Low.
The Print Preview dialog displays the current system
information, including the monitor battery voltage, in printable
format. Select the Print button to print the report contents, if
desired.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Monitor Status report indicating Internal and External Voltage
Replacing the Monitor Battery Pack
Note: The only service or maintenance activity ADS
permits within the monitor chassis is battery pack
replacement. Therefore, do not handle, alter, modify,
remove, or replace any other components inside the
monitor. These actions will void the monitor warranty
agreement and the IS certification.
8-5
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Warning: The FlowShark IS Model 5000-IS1 may only
use the 9-volt (ADS p/n 106152) or 12-volt (ADS p/n
8000-0043-01/02) battery pack to power the monitor. DO
NOT use any other battery pack or power source to power
the Model 5000-IS1!
FlowShark IS 9-volt (left – ADS p/n 106152) and 12-volt (right – ADS p/n
8000-0043-01) battery packs
Replacing the battery pack in the monitor is a relatively easy
process. However, this process may involve a simple conversion
and/or a few additional steps and parts based on the current battery
type and future needs. Earlier FlowShark IS monitors have the
original 9-volt battery pack; however, more recent models may have
the newer 12-volt battery pack that provides a longer battery life.
While both battery packs are still available, ADS also offers a
simple conversion kit for upgrading an existing FlowShark IS
monitor equipped with a 9-volt battery pack to the 12-volt battery
pack. The conversion kit (ADS p/n 5000-0780-01) includes a 12volt battery pack, a special retainer plug, and a slightly longer
canister.
The following procedure includes detailed instructions on replacing
the battery pack in the monitor. These instructions apply regardless
of the particular battery pack in use and include the extra steps
required when performing the conversion from the 9-volt to 12-volt
battery pack.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-7
1.
Contact a data analyst to collect the data remotely or collect the
data on-site. This will reduce the risk of data loss once the
battery is disconnected.
2.
Remove the monitor from the hazardous area.
3.
Remove the 4 bolts securing the monitor top and chassis to the
canister.
4.
Wipe away any debris or moisture that could enter the chassis
once the inside of the unit is exposed.
5.
Using the handle on the monitor top, pull the chassis straight up
from the canister. The battery pack sits at the bottom of the
canister, and has an 18-inch cable that allows the chassis to be
lifted just clear of the canister top.
Caution: Be careful not to pull the chassis away from the
canister. This could break off the connector from the
voltage regulator PCB.
6.
Place the chassis upright next to the canister opening,
disconnect the battery pack, and set the chassis aside.
Note: Maintain the chassis in an upright position. The
chassis is top heavy and could fall over due to the weight
of the sensor cables and uneven ground surface.
8-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
FlowShark IS 9-volt battery pack inside canister
7.
(applies only to the 9-volt battery pack) Mark the edge of the
canister to identify the location of the battery cable standoff
(the small pipe protruding from the top of the battery pack).
8.
Remove the old battery pack from the canister using the white
plastic handle attached to the top of the pack.
9.
(applies only to the 12-volt battery pack) Lift off the retainer
plug from the top of the battery pack, and disconnect the PCB
from the battery pack in the following way:
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-9
12-volt battery pack with retainer plug
 Carefully slide the thick red band securing the PCB to the
side of the battery off the PCB.
 Carefully disconnect the PCB from the battery pack at the
white plastic connector.
Disconnecting the PCB from the battery pack
 Set the PCB temporarily aside in a clean, dry location. Do
not discard! This PCB will be used with the replacement
battery pack.
8-10
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
10. (applies only to the 12-volt battery pack) Connect the PCB to
the replacement battery pack and then secure the PCB to the
side of the pack with the red band. When converting the
monitor to a 12-volt battery pack from the 9-volt battery pack,
the PCB should already be attached to the new battery pack.
11. (applies only to the 12-volt battery pack) Run the loose cable
from the battery pack through the hole in the underside of the
retainer plug, and then seat the retainer plug on top of the
battery pack. Be sure to pull through the excess cable before
fully seating the plug.
12. Lower the new or replacement battery pack into the canister.
Consider the following:
 When converting to the new 12-volt battery pack, be sure
to insert the battery pack into the new, extended canister
included with the conversion kit.
 When using a replacement 9-volt battery pack, install and
orient the new battery pack so that the cable standoff is in
the marked location.
13. Connect the battery pack to the monitor, and then pull up the
excess battery cable.
14. Feed the cable into the unit while slowly lowering the chassis
into the canister. Align the cable standoff with the notch in the
chassis bottom plate (when applicable), seat the unit, and align
the top bolts. Be sure not to pinch the battery cable with the
chassis!
15. Connect with the monitor remotely or on site using the IS PC
communication cable (ADS p/n 106228 rev H5) to verify
communication and check the new internal voltage. The
internal voltage should be well above 6.5 volts. Refer to the
end of Chapter 4, Communication, for instructions on attaching
the IS PC communication cable to the monitor and laptop
computer.
16. Tighten the bolts to approximately 20-inch pounds to secure the
chassis to the canister.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-11
Refer to Replacing EMU Components on page 8-14 for instructions
on replacing the battery pack in the EMU (for low external voltage).
Checking the Sensors
Perform the following sensor inspections during regular site visits:





Verify that the installation ring or bands are secure and clear of
debris.
Clean the face of the ultrasonic sensor gently with a soft brush,
and wipe the sensor with a clean, moist cloth.
Verify that the face of the ultrasonic depth sensor is
horizontally level with the flow. If necessary, reposition the
sensor according to the procedures in Chapter 3, Sensor
Installation and Connection.
Scrub the pressure sensor and face of the velocity sensor with a
soft bristle brush.
Confirm that all sensor cables are neatly arranged, securely
fastened, and free of debris, cuts, and breaks that may affect
performance. Replace any sensor that has a damaged cable.
Replacing the Pressure Depth Sensor Dryer Tub or
Desiccant
The pressure depth sensor’s dryer tube contains desiccant that
absorbs the moisture from the air traveling through the dryer tube
into the clear plastic tubing leading to the pressure depth sensor in
the pipe. Replace the dryer tube or the desiccant contained within
the dryer tube on a regular basis or as necessary. Desiccant can
absorb moisture only when it is blue in color. Pink desiccant
indicates that it can no longer absorb moisture. Therefore, if the
desiccant appears either colorless or pink upon inspection, replace
the dryer tube or desiccant immediately.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Replacing the Dryer Tube
Replace the pressure depth sensor dryer tube in the following way:
1.
Clip the cable ties securing the dryer tube to the monitor.
2.
Cut the clear flexible tubing running from the dryer tube to the
pressure depth sensor connector at a location close to the brass
barbed fitting on the dryer tube.
3.
Set aside, but do not discard, the dryer tube with the used
desiccant. The desiccant inside the dryer tube can be replaced
with new desiccant at a later time so that the tube can be reused
as a replacement for another dryer tube in the future.
4.
Attach a new dryer tube to the pressure depth sensor by
inserting the brass barbed fitting into the open end of the plastic
tubing running from the sensor connector. Make sure the tubing
seats firmly against the fitting to prevent air or moisture
transfer.
Inserting the brass barbed fitting into the tube
5.
Secure the dryer tube to the monitor with cable ties.
6.
Remove the black end-cap from the dryer tube before reinstalling the monitor in the manhole.
Caution: If the cap is not removed, air will not be able to
enter the dryer tube, adversely affecting the pressure depth
sensor.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.
8-13
Evaluate the pressure depth sensor performance for a limited
time to ensure no damage has occurred to the sensor
electronics.
Replacing the Desiccant
When replacing the desiccant inside the pressure depth sensor dryer
tube, use indicating beads that are approximately 0.16 inches in
diameter. Smaller beads may be able to escape the dryer tube,
entering the clear plastic tubing leading to the sensor connector.
Desiccant beads of the appropriate size for this dryer tube are
available through ADS (p/n 901-11055-00).
Replace the desiccant in the following way:
1.
Clip the cable ties securing the dryer tube to the monitor, when
applicable.
2.
Use a 16-mm nut driver to remove the inset nut at the free end
of the dryer tube (end of the tube opposite the brass barbed
fitting). Do not use pliers to remove this nut from the tube!
Warning: Do not attempt to access the desiccant in the
dryer tube through the end of the tube with the brass
fitting! This fitting is not designed for removal. Removing
the fitting will damage the dryer tube and break the
moisture seal on that end of the tube.
3.
Use needle-nose pliers to gently remove the black foam
packing material just inside the opening.
4.
Pour out the old desiccant beads from the dryer tube.
5.
Refill an equivalent amount of new desiccant beads into the
tube.
6.
Carefully replace the foam packing into the dryer tube.
7.
Replace and tighten the nut on the dryer tube.
8.
Secure the dryer tube to the monitor using cable ties, when
applicable.
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ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Note: Some desiccant may be reused following a special
process designed to remove the moisture from the beads.
Please consult the desiccant manufacturer for instructions
on performing this procedure, when applicable.
Replacing EMU Components
If a component in the EMU is not functioning, perform the
following procedures (as applicable) to replace the faulty
component.
Note: ADS allows trained field crews to replace the
quad-band GSM/GPRS wireless modem, SIM, and EMU
battery pack within the EMU box.
Warning: DO NOT open the Communication
Interface/Barrier (ADS p/n 106226) Box in the field under
any circumstances. Do not attempt any component level
repair.
Accessing the EMU for Maintenance Activities
Access the EMU from the enclosure and open the EMU to access
the component(s) requiring replacement in the following way:
1.
Open or remove the cover from the enclosure in which the
EMU is housed.
2.
Remove the EMU from the enclosure by releasing the fasteners
securing the EMU to the panel inside the enclosure.
3.
Loosen the 4 large plastic screws on the cover of the EMU and
remove the cover. Carefully set the cover aside to avoid
damage and prevent dirt from contacting the gasket on the lid.
4.
Refer to one or more of the following sections to perform
modem, battery, or SIM replacement.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-15
5.
Once maintenance is complete, re-mount and secure the EMU
to the panel inside the enclosure using the fasteners.
6.
Replace or close the cover to the enclosure.
Replacing the Battery in the EMU
If the Monitor Status report from Profile reveals an external voltage
of 8.0 volts or less, replace the battery pack in the EMU. The EMU
uses one non-IS battery pack (ADS p/n 5000-0557).
Replace the battery pack in the following way:
1.
Disconnect the battery cable from the EMU power cable, and
remove the battery pack from the EMU.
2.
Install the new battery with the cable extending out the left side
of the compartment.
3.
Connect the cable from the new battery pack to the EMU
power cable.
4.
Have a data analyst contact the monitor remotely to verify
communication and the external battery voltage.
5.
Replace the cover on the EMU and tighten the four plastic
screws, provided all EMU maintenance is complete.
Replacing the EMU Modem
Replace the quad-band GSM/GPRS wireless modem (ADS p/n
507209) in the EMU in the following way:
1.
Disconnect the power (battery or external) running to the
EMU/modem.
2.
Remove the two Phillips head screws that secure the modem
bracket to the back panel of the EMU, and then remove the
3.
Disconnect the antenna cable from the modem by unscrewing
the gold nut (at the connector end of the antenna cable) from
the modem connector.
4.
Remove the modem bracket with the modem from the EMU.
8-16
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
5.
Carefully disconnect the black (power) and the ribbon
(communication) cables from the back of the modem.
6.
Slide the existing modem out of the bracket, and insert the new
modem into the bracket.
7.
Connect the black and the ribbon cables to appropriate ports on
the back of the new modem.
8.
Reattach the modem bracket to the back panel of the EMU
without pinching the cables behind the bracket.
9.
Insert a new SIM card or the SIM card from the original
modem into the slot on the new modem. Refer to the next
section, Replacing the SIM Card in the EMU Modem, for
instructions on removing an existing SIM from a modem and
inserting a new SIM card into the modem.
10. Restore power to the EMU.
11. Enter or confirm the correct IP address in Profile, and have a
data analyst attempt to contact to the monitor remotely to verify
communications.
12. Replace the cover on the EMU and tighten the four plastic
screws, provided all EMU maintenance is complete.
Replacing the SIM Card in the EMU Modem
Replace the SIM card in the modem in the following way:
1.
Disconnect the power (battery or external) running to the
EMU/modem.
2.
Slide the lock on the front of the modem holding in the SIM
card to the right.
3.
Gently press in on the SIM card to release it from the socket.
Upon release, it should slide out slightly from the socket.
4.
Remove the SIM card from the modem socket.
5.
Write down the IP address for the new SIM card, and then
insert the new card completely into the socket in the front of the
modem.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-17
6.
Slide the lock to the left to secure the SIM card in the socket.
7.
Restore power to the EMU.
8.
Contact a data analyst to enter the IP address for the new SIM
card n Profile, and then have the analyst attempt to connect to
the monitor remotely to verify communications.
9.
Replace the cover on the EMU and tighten the four plastic
screws, provided all EMU maintenance is complete.
8-18
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Troubleshooting
The FlowShark IS flow monitor contains several different
components that perform many different functions. Since a
malfunctioning component increases the risk of losing data,
isolating the problem component is essential to performing
troubleshooting activities efficiently. Minimizing monitor downtime
is critical.
Consider the following when trying to isolate the component or
subsystem exhibiting the problem:




Problems affecting only one of the sensor subsystems are
usually caused by one subsystem alone. The problem may exist
in the board, sensor (or other input device), or cabling.
Problems affecting more than one subsystem typically can be
traced to a problem with the processor board, power source, or
communication lines. Problems in one subsystem can create
problems in other subsystems when the power source or
communication lines are faulty.
Problems with communications, clock readings, time stamps,
and data storage intervals usually arise from faulty processor
board components, incorrect information entered on the user's
PC, or low batteries.
Failures occurring outside a connector (i.e., between a
connector and the field input or output device) may arise from
problems with the field unit or component cabling. Failures
occurring on the inside (i.e., between a connector and the
printed circuit boards) may arise from problems with boards or
the corresponding cabling.
Note: If possible, collect all monitor data prior to
swapping sensors or troubleshooting a monitor to prevent
possible data loss. Swapping sensors or batteries does not
result in stored data loss. In addition, remove the monitor
from the manhole before disconnecting cables from the
monitor to avoid possible hazards.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-19
Some problems that occur will not require a site visit, such as
incorrect equipment identification numbers or other system
parameters the user can re-enter on the local PC. However, other
problems will require a site visit. When this is necessary, inform the
data analyst any time a field crew is en route to a monitor site to
troubleshoot problems so that the analyst can attempt to collect the
monitor data before they arrive. If the problem is a faulty monitor
and the analyst cannot collect the data remotely, replace the monitor
and deliver the faulty monitor to the office so the analyst can
attempt to collect the data directly. Then, send the monitor to ADS
for repair.
This section provides general guidelines for troubleshooting and
correcting problems with the FlowShark IS monitor and sensor
subsystem.
8-20
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
General Monitor Problems
The following tables contain general troubleshooting techniques for
the FlowShark IS flow monitor.
Problem
Monitor does not answer via wireless communication.
Possible
Causes
Signal strength to the modem may be insufficient.
Battery pack(s) may be dead or below the minimum
voltage requirement (8.0 volts external, 6.5 volts
internal).
Modem Reset PCB failure may have occurred.
Wireless network failure may have occurred.
Antenna may be defective.
Monitor may be defective.
Modem in EMU may be defective.
Leading zeros are included before or within the IP
address.
Possible
Solutions
If signal strength has been marginal, consider trying the
other GSM/GPRS operating frequency by connecting
the EMU to the other antenna cable. Attempt
communications again and verify whether signal
strength has improved.
Replace either the EMU battery or the monitor battery if
either one is reading below the minimum voltage
requirement.
Try connecting to other wireless units (i.e., other ADS
wireless sites) in the same area. If all connections fail
for similar IP addresses and/or none of the wireless
connections are successful, a wireless network outage
may be occurring in the area. Contact your regional
ADS representative to investigate a possible outage.
Replace the monitor.
Delete any leading zeros included before or within the IP
address.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Problem
Modem connects but monitor does not respond.
Possible
Causes
Reset board failure may have occurred.
8-21
Communication interface board failure may have
occurred.
Communication cable is cut or disconnected.
Possible
Solutions
Wait 4 hours for the Reset board to reset automatically.
Inspect the communication cable connection at the EMU
location and the monitor to determine whether the cable
is disconnected or has been damaged.
Connect directly with the monitor using the direct
connect cable (ADS p/n 106228). If monitor
communicates and is recording data, the problem
resides in communication cable or EMU.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Problem
Time stamp on the collected data is incorrect.
Possible
Causes
PC clock may be set to incorrect time.
Possible
Solutions
Verify the time on the PC clock and correct if necessary.
Monitor clock may be faulty.
Reactivate the monitor to enable the clock.
Collect the data from the monitor and replace the
monitor if defective.
8-22
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Problem
Time on the monitor clock is incorrect.
Possible
Causes
Monitor clock may be a faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Verify the time on the PC clock and correct if
necessary.
PC clock may read incorrect time.
Reactivate the monitor to enable the clock.
Collect the data from the monitor and replace the
monitor if defective.
Problem
Profile provides a Device Time Out message.
Possible
Cause
Communications may be marginal.
Possible
Solutions
Re-attempt communication with the monitor.
Analog board may be faulty.
Replace the monitor if defective.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Problem
Gap exists within the collected data.
Possible
Cause
Monitor time may be incorrect.
Possible
Solutions
Check monitor time, and reset clock if necessary.
Monitor firmware file may be corrupt.
Attempt to collect data within the gap.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Problem
Data is missing at the beginning or end of the date
range following data collection.
Possible
Causes
Monitor activation may have failed.
8-23
Monitor time may be incorrect.
Monitor’s firmware file may be corrupt.
Possible
Solutions
Verify whether the monitor has been activated, and
activate it if necessary.
Check monitor time, and reset clock if necessary.
Run diagnostics in Profile to verify whether a firmware
problem may exist.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Problem
An I/O error message displays when communicating
with the monitor.
Possible
Cause
Processor or analog board may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Re-attempt communication with the monitor.
Replace the monitor if defective.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
External Power
The following table contains troubleshooting techniques for
problems with the ADS External Power Supply. If another power
supply is in use, similar troubleshooting techniques may apply.
However, consult the manufacturer’s product documentation prior
to beginning the troubleshooting process.
8-24
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Problem
No DC power is available at the EMU.
Possible
Cause
Breaker may have tripped.
Station power may be off.
Power supply may have failed.
Power supply wiring may have become disconnected.
Possible
Solutions
Restore main power source to station (Owner must
perform this operation.).
Check for wiring faults and then reset breaker.
Look for DC ON LED on the front of the ADS Power
Supply. If it is off, but AC power is live, replace the
power supply.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
IS Ultrasonic Depth Subsystem
The following tables contain general troubleshooting techniques for
problems with the ultrasonic depth subsystem.
Note: Contact your regional ADS representative for
further diagnosis prior to replacing a sensor.
Problem
Range from ultrasonic depth subsystem is slightly
inconsistent with manually measured range.
Possible
Causes
Physical offset may be incorrect.
Possible
Solutions
Verify the physical offset, and adjust it if necessary.
Pipe height may be incorrect.
Verify the pipe height.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
8-25
Problem
Range from ultrasonic depth subsystem is significantly
greater than manually measured range.
Possible
Causes
Physical offset may be incorrect.
Pipe height may be incorrect.
Sensor may not be level.
Foam or other substance may be absorbing the pulse.
Sensor may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Verify the physical offset.
Verify the pipe height.
Make sure the sensor is level and in good condition.
Check the hydraulic conditions in the pipe.
Fire the sensor at a shorter distance onto a hard surface
to confirm accuracy.
Replace the sensor.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Problem
Range from the ultrasonic depth subsystem is too short
(but not zero).
Possible
Causes
Physical offset may be incorrect.
Pipe height may be incorrect.
Sensor may be dirty.
Sensor may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Verify the physical offset.
Verify the pipe height.
Clean the sensor.
Replace the sensor.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
8-26
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Problem
Raw ultrasonic depth data shows depths greater than
the pipe diameter.
Possible
Causes
Physical offset may be incorrect.
Pipe height may be incorrect.
Pipe may be surcharged.
Sensor may be dirty.
Sensor may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Verify the physical offset.
Verify the pipe height.
Clean the sensor.
Replace the sensor.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Problem
Ultrasonic depth data indicates a surcharged pipe, but
the pipe is free flowing.
Possible
Causes
Physical offset may be incorrect.
Pipe height may be incorrect.
Sensor may be dirty.
Sensor may be faulty.
Analog board may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Verify the physical offset.
Verify the pipe height.
Clean the ultrasonic depth sensor.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Replace the sensor.
Replace the monitor if defective.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Problem
Ultrasonic depth readings are erratic.
Possible
Causes
Noise may exist in the sewer pipe.
8-27
Sensor may be dirty.
Flow may be choppy or foamy.
Sensor may not be level.
Possible
Solutions
Check the flow conditions.
Clean the sensor.
Check the level of the sensor.
Problem
Ultrasonic depth sensor reports abnormal temperatures.
Possible
Causes
Sensor connection to monitor may be loose.
Temperature sensor may be faulty.
Sensor may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Secure the sensor connection to monitor (if necessary).
Replace the sensor.
IS Doppler Velocity Subsystem
The following tables contain general troubleshooting techniques for
the Doppler velocity subsystem.
Note: Contact your regional ADS representative for
further diagnosis prior to replacing a sensor.
8-28
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Problem
Monitor often provides a velocity sensor reading of 0.
Possible
Causes
Sensor may be dirty or broken.
Cabling between the analog board and the sensor may
be bad.
Velocity parameters may require adjustment.
Possible
Solutions
Clean the sensor.
Check the velocity parameters.
Inspect the sensor cables for tightness.
Check for moisture in the connector.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Replace the sensor.
Replace the monitor if defective.
Problem
Velocity sensor data does not fluctuate much (but is not
0).
Possible
Cause
Sensor may be dirty
Possible
Solutions
Clean the sensor.
Sensor may be broken.
Check the sensor connections.
Check the velocity parameters.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Replace the sensor.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Problem
Velocity sensor data seems erratic.
Possible
Causes
Sensor may be dirty.
8-29
Sensor may be faulty.
Analog board may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Clean the sensor.
Check the sensor connections.
Check the velocity parameters.
Contact your regional ADS representative.
Replace the sensor.
Replace the monitor if defective.
Problem
Velocity sensor readings are abnormally high.
Possible
Causes
Sensor may be covered with silt.
Sensor may be out of the flow.
Flow may be reversed or slower than 0.5 ft/s (0.15 m/s).
Possible
Solutions
Check the site conditions, and relocate the sensor if
necessary.
IS Pressure Depth Subsystem
The following tables contain general troubleshooting techniques for
the pressure depth subsystem.
Note: Contact your regional ADS representative for
further diagnosis before replacing a sensor.
8-30
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Problem
Temperature reading from the pressure depth sensor
shows a value of -273° C (-459° F).
Possible
Causes
Cable connecting the sensor to the monitor may be
loose or broken.
Sensor may be faulty.
Analog board is not responding or may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Secure the sensor connection to monitor (if necessary).
Replace the sensor.
Replace the monitor if defective.
Problem
Pressure depth readings are consistently incorrect.
Possible
Causes
Coefficients may be incorrect.
Possible
Solutions
Retrieve or enter the correct coefficients, and reactivate
the monitor.
Pressure dryer tube may not be functioning properly.
Inspect the color of the desiccant in the dryer tube, and
replace the tube (if necessary).
Problem
Pressure depth readings are consistently off by up to 3
inches (7.62 cm), but temperature readings are
accurate.
Possible
Cause
Monitor may be configured with an incorrect pressure
sensor offset.
Possible
Solution
Enter an offset to depth for consistency with
confirmation readings.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Problem
Pressure depth sensor temperature readings are
incorrect, but depth data is accurate.
Possible
Causes
Temperature sensor may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Replace the sensor.
8-31
Analog board may be faulty.
Replace the monitor if defective.
Problem
Pressure depth sensor temperature and depth readings
are erratic.
Possible
Causes
Sensor may be faulty.
Possible
Solutions
Examine the sensor and clean if necessary.
Analog board may be faulty.
Replace the sensor.
Replace the monitor if defective.
A-1
APPENDIX A
Specifications
This appendix contains specifications for the ADS FlowShark IS
flow monitor and associated subassemblies, sensors, cables, and
wireless communication hardware.
FlowShark IS Flow Monitor (5000-IS1-US-01/
5000-IS1-US/5000-IS1/5000-IS1-01)
The following table contains the specifications for FlowShark IS
monitors. The specifications for weight and power correspond only
to monitors containing an internal battery pack (5000-IS1-01 and
5000-IS1-US-01).
Enclosure
Cylindrical 0.13-inch (0.30 cm) thick seamless,
marine-grade aluminum with stainless steel
hardware, meets IP68 standard.
Dimensions
20 inches (50.80 cm) or 21.6 inches (54.86 cm)
long x 6.38 inches (16.21 cm) in diameter
Weight
With 9-volt battery pack: 35 pounds (15.9 kg)
With 12-volt battery pack: 34 pounds (15.4 kg)
Without battery pack: 16 pounds (7.3 kg)
Operating
Temperature
32° to 104° F (0° to 40° C)
A-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Internal Power
Battery Life
One ADS 9-volt or 12-volt IS alkaline battery pack
powering the monitor and one ADS non-IS 12-volt
alkaline battery pack powering the External
Modem Unit.
Monitor (9-volt battery pack): 9-12 months at a
15-minute sample rate with weekly
communications.
Monitor (12-volt battery pack): 11-15 months at a
15-minute sample rate with weekly
communications.
EMU: 2-3 months at a 15-minute sample rate
with weekly communications.
Note: Actual battery life will vary depending on
operating temperature and frequency of
communications.
External Power
Option
Requires an external, low-noise DC power source
providing a minimum of 12 volts at 1 amp
Connectors
U.S. MIL-C-26482 series 1, for environmental
sealing, with gold-plated contacts and interfacial
seals
Inputs and
Outputs
•
IS Ultrasonic depth sensor input
•
IS Doppler velocity sensor input
•
IS Pressure depth sensor input
•
IS Communication/External Power input
•
Air pressure valve (for testing purposes only)
Approvals
Hazardous Area – approved for use in Class I,
Div. 1, Group C&D areas, in US via QPS/UL Cert,
and in Zone 0 IIG areas in the EU via SIRA/ATEX
Specifications A-3
IS Digital Signal Processor Board (5000-0636)
Processor
Memory
Data Storage
Comm Protocol
Clock
Inputs/Outputs
Texas Instruments VC33 DSP (Digital Signal
Processor)
1 megabyte non-volatile (program, configuration,
and data storage); 512 kilobytes static RAM
140 days (1 velocity and 2 depth readings at a 15minute sample rate)
Enhanced AccuYapp for modem, wireless, and
serial communications
Battery-backed RTC Module
Isolated frequency input (to read IS battery)
Isolated serial communications
Accubus High-Speed I/O (to other internal PCBs)
Protection
Agency-approved optoisolators; current-limiting
resistors
A-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
IS Analog Signal Processor Board (5000-0637)
Inputs/Outputs
•
ADS IS ultrasonic sensor input
•
ADS IS velocity sensor input
•
ADS IS pressure sensor input
•
Internal regulated power
•
Accubus High-Speed I/O (to other internal
PCBs)
Comm Protocol
Enhanced AccuYapp
A/D Conversion
12-bit, 8-channel, 500KHz sample rate
Construction
Protection
Front encapsulated with UL-Recognized
compound, keyed connectors
Agency-approved optoisolators; current limiting
resistors
IS Voltage Regulator Board (5000-0638)
Inputs
6 to 12 volts (from internal or external source)
Accubus
Outputs
3.3v and 5v isolated to analog and DSP PCBs
Battery/external power to V-F PCB
Isolated Accubus
Protection
Comm Protocol
Construction
Agency-approved fuses; current limiting resistors
and optoisolators
Enhanced AccuYapp for modem, wireless, and
serial communications
Front and back encapsulated using ULRecognized compound, keyed connectors
Specifications A-5
Voltage to Frequency Board (5000-0661)
Protection
Construction
Agency-approved optoisolators; current limiting
resistors
UL-Recognized conformal coating, keyed
connectors
Wireless External Modem Unit (3800-0148 and
3800-0148 EP)
Enclosure
Rectangular UL-Recognized NEMA 4X/6P
composite enclosure w/stainless steel hardware
Dimensions
18 inches (45.7 cm) high x 6 inches (15.2 cm)
deep x 7.5 inches (19.1 cm) wide. Size includes
antenna and top grip fittings.
Note: Stabilizing legs add an additional 6 inches
to the length.
Weight
Operating
Temperature
Power
12 pounds (26.4kg) without battery
0° to 140° F (-18° to 60° C)
One ADS non-IS 12-volt alkaline battery pack
External Power
Option
Requires an external DC power source providing
a minimum of 12 volts at 1 amp
Connections
Communication cable and antenna cables enter
through sealed NEMA 4X right-angle cable-grip
fittings
Wireless Modem
FCC ID
Enfora LLC Model GSM1218 Quad-Band
GSM/GPRS (850/900/1850/1900 MHz)
FCC ID MIVGSM0108
A-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Antenna
Hi-Gain Center-fed Capacitive Monopole
Protocol
TCP/IP
Addressing
Network Attach
Fixed address through AT&T Custom APN
Refreshed every 4 hours through hard-reattach
Communication Interface Board (106124D)
Protection
BASEEFA-approved optoisolators, currentlimiting resistors, and agency-approved fusing
Construction
Inside EMU enclosure in plastic sub-enclosure
ADS Power Supply (5000-0727)
Size
Material
Rating
Mounting
Input Voltage
Output Voltage
Connection
5.1 inches (13 cm) x 5.1 inches (13 cm) x 5.1
inches (13 cm)
Polycarbonate
NEMA 4X
Panel mounting via four 0.175-inch holes
100-240VAC, 50/60Hz
12V DC, 1.2A
AC: Supplied 6-foot line cord (U.S.) or hardwire
to AC input terminals
DC: Hardwire to DC output terminals
Specifications A-7
IS PC Communication Interface Cable
(106227A–xxx, where xxx represents length)
Size
Jacket - 0.318 inches (8 mm) in outside diameter
Construction
8- to 20-gauge and 4- to 18-gauge conductors
inside heavy-gauge polyurethane direct-burial
jacket
Connections
Factory-fitted, potted connector on monitor end;
field-terminated strip connection at EMU
Length
Maximum 300 feet (91.4 m)
Intrinsically-Safe Sensors
IS Ultrasonic Depth Sensor (106186A-30)
Housing
Dimensions
Marine-grade aluminum/epoxy
7.13 inches (18.11 cm) long x 4.20 inches (10.67
cm) wide x 0.86 inches (2.19 cm) high
Accuracy
0.125 inches (3.2 mm)
Deadband
Less than 1 inch (25 mm)
Frequency
40 kHz
Range
Resolution
Drift
Cable
0.5 inches to 12.5 feet (1.27 cm to 3.8 m)
0.01 inches (0.25 mm)
0.0 inches
Standard size: 30 feet (9.1 m) long x 0.50 inches
(13 mm) diameter OD polyurethane jacket
Extension cables available up to 300 feet (91.4 m)
A-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
IS Pressure Depth Sensor (3754-0001-40)
Enclosure
Dimensions
Range
Solid machined PVC/stainless steel
5.25 inches (13.34 cm) long x 1.40 inches (3.56
cm) wide x 1.15 inch (2.92 cm) high
0.0 to 5.0 psi: up to 11.5 feet (3.5 m)
0.0 to 15.0 psi: up to 34.5 feet (10.5 m)
0.0 to 30.0 psi: up to 69.0 feet (21.0 m)
Accuracy
0.50% of full scale for these ranges:
0.1-5.0 psi: 0.25-11.5 feet (0.08-3.5 m)
0.1-15.0 psi: 0.25-34.5 feet (0.08-10.5 m)
0.75% of full scale for these ranges:
1.0-30.0 psi: 2.3-69.0 feet (0.7-21.0 m)
Resolution
Cable
0.025% of full scale
Standard size: 40 feet (10.7 m) long x 0.29 inches
(7.4 mm) OD (outside diameter) polyurethane
jacket
Extension cables available up to 300 feet (91.4 m)
Specifications A-9
IS Doppler Velocity Sensor (106194A-35)
Enclosure
Dimensions
Accuracy
Resolution
Cable
Solid machined PVC/epoxy
2.35 inches (5.97 cm) long x 1.13 inches (2.87 cm)
wide x 0.49 inches (1.25 cm) high
± 0.2 feet per second (0.06 mps) or 4% of actual
peak velocity (whichever is greater) in flow velocities
from -20 .0 to 20.0 fps (-6.10 to 6.10 mps)
0.04 feet per second (0.01 m/s)
Standard size: 35 feet (10.7 m) long x 0.25 inches
(6.4 mm) diameter OD polyurethane jacket
Extension cables available up to 300 feet (91.4 m)
B-1
APPENDIX B
Part Numbers
This appendix contains a list of the part numbers for the most
commonly used and ordered ADS® FlowShark® IS parts.
Monitors
5000-IS1
MON, 5000, IS1, EXT PWR, EU, SERIAL
5000-IS1-01
MON, 5000, IS1, BAT PWR, EU, SERIAL
5000-IS1-US
MON, 5000, IS1, EXT PWR, US, SERIAL
5000-IS1-US-01
MON, 5000, IS1, BAT PWR, US, SERIAL
EMUs
3800-0148
ASSY, FS IS EMU, WIRELESS, BAT PWR
(ANTENNA INCLUDED)
3800-0148 EP
ASSY, FS IS EMU, WIRELESS, EXT PWR
(ANTENNA INCLUDED)
507181
SIM CARD, AT&T, FIXED IP
3800-0181
KIT, EXT POWER, IS FS EMU
Sensors and Cables
106227A-xxx
CABLE, COMM, MONITOR TO EMU, (xxx
represents the length in feet; various lengths are
available)
106186A-30
SENSOR, 106, IS, ULTRASONIC, 30'
106194A-35
SENSOR, 106, IS, VELOCITY, 35'
3754-0001-40
SENSOR, PRESSURE, IS, 5PSI, 40'
B-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
3754-0002-40
SENSOR, PRESSURE, IS, 15PSI, 40'
3754-0003-40
SENSOR, PRESSURE, IS, 30PSI, 40'
106228A
CABLE, COMM, 106 MON, DIRECT CONECT
3800-0147
CABLE, COMM, RS232, REG/PRT PCB TO PC
3704-0032
REPLACEMENT VENT DRYER TUBE
901-11055-00
DESICCANT, INDICATING BEADS
Monitor Replacement PCBAs
5000-0636
PCB, ASSY, DSP, 5000 IS
5000-0637
PCB, ASSY, ANALOG PROCESSOR, 5000 IS
5000-0638
PCB, ASSY, REGULATOR, 5000 IS
5000-0661
PCBA, V TO F, 5000IS
EMU Replacement PCBAs
3800-0143
PCBA, PRT, SPIDER, 5000IS
106124D
PCB, ASSY, COMM INTERFACE
106251B
PCB, ASSY, COMM BARRIER {used on 106124D}
Monitor Replacement Battery Packs
106152A
BATTERY PACK, IS, 9V
5000-0780-01
KIT, 12V IS BATTERY PACK, LONG CAN
(includes 12-volt battery pack with PCB, longer
can, and retainer plug)
8000-0043-01
BATTERY PACK, IS, 12V, UNPOTTED with PCB
8000-0043-02
BATTERY PACK, IS, 12V, UNPOTTED without
PCB
8000-0042-01
PCB, BATTERY, w/CABLE
8000-0141
RETAINER PLUG, URATHANE, 12V IS BATTERY
PACK
Part Numbers
EMU Replacement Battery Pack
5000-0557
BATTERY PACK, 24-CELL, ADS5000
EMU Replacement Modem
507209
MODEM, GPRS, QUAD-BAND
Note: In all applications, only ADS IS-certified service
technicians are authorized to swap FlowShark IS boards
and/or perform component-level repair.
B-3
In-1
Index
1
1/2-band mount, 3-38
3
3/4-band mount, 3-35
A
activation logs, 6-45
ADS Client Services Department, 1-7
ADS Power Supply
installation, 5-3
specifications, A-6
ADS specifications, A-6
analog board, 2-7
specifications, A-4
antenna, 4-8
AT&T, 1-4, 4-1
ATEX Compliance, 1-12
Directive 94/9/EC, Annex II,
1.0.6, 1-12
B
battery pack
minimum voltage, 8-4
power, 2-10
replacement, 8-5
replacing in EMU, 8-15
boards, 2-4
analog, 2-7
digital signal processor, 2-5
voltage regulator, 2-9
voltage to frequency, 2-8
C
cables
EMU Serial, 2-5, 4-18
IS PC Communication, 2-5, 4-17
sensor
extension, 3-7, 3-28
securing in the pipe/manhole,
3-43
securing to the band, 3-41
securing to the ring, 3-21
Canadian Radio Interference
Regulations, 1-32
cellular network, 2-5
checking the sensors, 8-11
Class A Digital Device
Canadian emissions
warning, 1-32
FCC compliance
warning, 1-10
Class I, Division 1 safety regulations,
1-2
cleaning the sensors, 8-11
Client Services Department, 1-7
collecting data from the monitor,
6-34
In-2
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
communication, 4-1
direct, 2-2
setting parameters, 6-20
viewing logs, 6-45
wireless, 2-2, 2-5, 4-2
communication cable, 4-4
connecting to EMU, 4-9
installation, 4-4
route, 4-2
communication interface board
specifications, A-6
Communication Interface/Barrier
box, 4-8
compliance
ATEX, 1-12
FCC, 1-9
FCC Part 15, 1-9
GSM/GPRS modem, 1-10
component-level service, 1-7
conduit, 4-6
configuration, 6-2
creating a monitor installation
table, 6-6
creating a monitor location, 6-4
editing the MLI device, 6-19
editing the pressure device, 6-18
editing the ultrasonic device, 6-14
editing the velocity device, 6-15
selecting monitor devices, 6-11
configuring the monitor, 6-2
confined space entry, 3-2, 7-1
confirmation (maintenance), 8-3
connecting to monitor, 4-17
direct, 4-17
via EMU, 4-18
connectors
cleaning and removing moisture,
3-45
monitor, 2-10, 3-45
corbel, 4-6
customer support, 1-7
D
data collection, 6-34
logs, 6-45
data scrubbing, 2-14
DC power, 1-3
requirements, 5-2
Declaration of Conformity, 1-32
depth processing, 2-13
desiccant replacement, 8-13
devices
configuration, 6-11
running diagnostics, 6-26
diagnostics
pressure device, 6-26
ultrasonic device, 6-26
velocity device, 6-26
digital signal processor board, 2-5
specifications, A-3
direct connection to monitor, 4-17
Doppler effect, 2-15
Doppler velocity sensor, 2-15
configuring, 6-15
installation, 3-19
mounting sensor to the ring, 3-19
special installation, 3-35
1/2-band mount, 3-38
3/4-band mount, 3-35
specifications, A-9
downstream pump station, 3-4
dryer tube, 3-46
desiccant replacement, 8-13
end-cap, 3-46, 8-12
replacement, 8-12
securing to monitor, 3-46
E
EC Type Examination Certificate,
1-13
email, ADS Client Services
Department, 1-7
Index In-3
EMU (External Modem Unit), 1-4,
4-18
antenna, 4-8
battery pack, 4-8
battery pack replacement, 8-15
battery-powered, 5-6
components, 4-8
connecting communication cable,
4-9
conversion kit for external power,
5-6
installation, 4-8, 4-15
modem replacement, 8-15
replacing components, 8-14
Serial Cable, 2-5, 4-18
signal strength, 4-16
specifications, A-5
end cap for dryer tube, 3-46, 8-12
extension cables, 3-7, 3-28
external battery
EMU, 2-11, 4-8
voltage, 8-4, 8-15
external power, 1-3, 2-11, 5-1
troubleshooting, 8-23
typical installation, 5-2
F
FCC Compliance, 1-9
interference, 1-10
part 15, 1-10
field repairs, restrictions, 1-5
firmware upgrade, 6-42
logs, 6-45
flow
hydraulics, 3-3
speed, 3-3
flow monitor
installation, 7-1
specifications, A-1
troubleshooting, 8-20
G
GSM/GPRS communication, 2-5
GSM/GPRS Modem Information,
1-10
H
hazardous conditions, 1-2
hydraulics, 2-12, 3-3
Hydrograph report
depth and velocity, 6-38
I
infiltration, 4-7
inspecting
monitor, 8-3
sensors, 8-11
installation
communication cable, 4-4
Doppler velocity sensor, 3-19,
3-35
EMU, 4-8, 4-15
IS considerations, 1-5
monitor, 7-1
overview, 1-34, 3-1
pressure depth sensor, 3-20, 3-35
ring, 3-22
sensors, 3-6
ring assembly, 3-8
special, 3-25
1/2-band mount, 3-38
3/4-band mount, 3-35
standard, 3-6
ultrasonic depth sensor, 3-18,
3-29, 3-32
installation table
configuring for the monitor
installation., 6-6
internal IS battery pack, 1-3, 2-10
voltage, 8-4
In-4
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Intrinsic Safety (IS), 1-2
certified tools, 1-5
maintenance, 1-7
IS analog processor board
specifications, A-4
IS battery pack, 1-3, 2-10
IS Doppler velocity sensor, 1-3
description and operation, 2-15
installation, 3-19, 3-35, 3-38
running diagnostics, 6-26
specifications, A-9
troubleshooting, 8-27
IS Equipment Label, 1-12
IS PC Communication cable
installing, 4-17
specifications, A-7
IS pressure depth sensor, 1-3
description and operation, 2-14
installation, 3-20, 3-35, 3-38
running diagnostics, 6-26
securing dryer tube to monitor,
3-46
specifications, A-8
troubleshooting, 8-29
IS sensors, 1-3, 1-4, 2-12
installation, 3-6
specifications, A-7
IS ultrasonic depth sensor, 1-3
data scrubbing, 2-14
depth processing, 2-13
description and operation, 2-12
installation, 3-18
quadredundancy, 2-13
running diagnostics, 6-26
specifications, A-7
troubleshooting, 8-24
IS ultrasonic depth sensor sensor
installation, 3-29, 3-32
IS voltage regulator board, 2-9
specifications, A-4
L
leveling the ultrasonic depth sensor,
3-23
location configuration, 6-4
Location Information File (LIF), 2-2,
6-2
logs, 6-45
low voltage, 8-4
M
maintenance
accessing the EMU, 8-14
checking the sensors, 8-11
parts an supplies, 8-2
restrictions, 1-7
system components, 8-2
manhole
conditions, 3-4
corbel, 4-6
depth, 3-5
mounting the monitor
rim, 7-5
wall, 7-2
memory
backup, 2-6
monitor, 2-1
Mini-Wing Antenna, 4-8
MLI device
configuring, 6-19
modem, 1-4, 4-8
installing SIM card, 4-13
replacing in EMU, 8-15
replacing SIM card, 8-16
selection, 6-20
Modem Reset PCB, 4-8, 4-18
monitor
activation logs, 6-45
analog board, 2-7
backup memory, 2-6
battery power, 2-10
boards, 2-4
Index In-5
collecting data, 6-34
configuration, 6-2
connecting sensors, 3-45
connectors, 2-10
description, 2-4
digital signal processor board, 2-5
GPRS communication, 2-5
installation, 7-1
manhole rim, 7-5
manhole wall, 7-2
location, 6-2
maintenance confirmation, 8-3
maintenance inspection, 8-3
memory, 2-1
power, 1-3
replacing battery pack, 8-5
specifications, A-1
temperature, 6-20
troubleshooting, 8-18
typical installation, 3-2
upgrading firmware, 6-42
viewing diagnostic logs, 6-45
voltage regulator board, 2-9
voltage to frequency board, 2-8
warranty, 1-35
wireless communication, 2-5
monitor configuration, 6-2
creating a monitor location, 6-4
creating an installation table, 6-6
MLI device, 6-19
pressure device, 6-18
selecting devices, 6-11
ultrasonic device, 6-14
velocity device, 6-15
Monitor Status Report, 8-5
monitor troubleshooting, 8-20
mounting monitor
manhole rim, 7-5
manhole wall, 7-2
N
National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA), 1-2
new product warranty, 1-35
O
out-of-warranty repairs, 1-36
P
pipe
conditions, 3-4
dimensions, 3-4
noises, 3-3
shape, 3-4
table, 6-6
port selection, 6-20
power
12-volt battery pack, 2-10
9-volt battery pack, 2-10
external DC, 2-11
replacing battery pack, 8-5
pressure depth sensor
configuring, 6-18
installation, 3-20
mounting sensor to the ring, 3-20
replacing the desiccant in the dryer
tube, 8-13
replacing the dryer tube, 8-12
special installation, 3-35
1/2-band mount, 3-38
3/4-band mount, 3-35
specifications, A-8
Profile software
starting, 6-2
PVC conduit, 4-6
In-6
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
Q
QPS Evaluation Services, 1-11
quad-band TCP/IP wireless modem,
4-8
quadredundancy, 2-13
R
R&TTE-CE Information, 1-11
replacing
EMU battery pack, 8-15
EMU components, 8-14
EMU modem, 8-15
monitor battery pack, 8-5
SIM card in EMU modem, 8-16
Reset PCB, 4-8, 4-18
ring
assembly, 3-8
installation, 3-22
mounting the sensors, 3-17
securing the sensor cables, 3-21,
3-41
S
safety regulations
Class I, Division 1, 1-2
National Fire Protection
Association (NFPA), 1-2
safety warning, 1-8
Scattergraph report
depth and velocity, 6-39
ultrasonic and pressure depth,
6-40
sealing fitting, 4-7
sensor extension cables, 1-3, 3-7,
3-28
sensors, 2-12
cleaning, 8-11
confirmation, 8-3
connecting sensors to the monitor,
3-45
editing the pressure device, 6-18
editing the ultrasonic device, 6-14
editing the velocity device, 6-15
inspection, 8-11
installation, 3-6
Doppler velocity sensor, 3-19,
3-35
pressure depth sensor, 3-20,
3-35
ring assembly, 3-8
ultrasonic depth sensor, 3-18,
3-29, 3-32
intrinsically safe, 1-3, 1-4
IS Doppler velocity, 2-15
troubleshooting, 8-27
IS pressure depth, 2-14
troubleshooting, 8-29
IS ultrasonic depth, 2-12
troubleshooting, 8-24
mounting to the ring, 3-17
running diagnostics, 6-26
securing cables in the
pipe/manhole, 3-43
securing cables to the band, 3-41
securing cables to the ring, 3-21
special installation, 3-25
standard installation, 3-6
typical installation, 3-2
serial connection, 1-1, 4-17
setting communication parameters,
6-20
sewer gases, 4-7
sewer system hydraulics, 2-12
shipping, 1-36
signal strength, 4-16
silt buildup, 3-3
SIM (Subscriber Identity Module)
card, 1-4, 4-1
installation, 4-13
replacement, 8-16
SIRA Certification Services, 1-12
site investigation, 3-3
smooth flow, 3-3
Index In-7
special installation, 3-4
Doppler velocity sensor, 3-35
pressure depth sensor, 3-35
sensors, 3-25
ultrasonic depth sensor
standard mount, 3-29
surcharge mount, 3-32
specifications, A-1
ADS Power Supply, A-6
communication interface board,
A-6
digital signal processor board, A-3
flow monitor, A-1
IS analog processor board, A-4
IS Doppler velocity sensor, A-9
IS PC Communication cable, A-7
IS pressure depth sensor, A-8
IS ultrasonic depth sensor, A-7
IS voltage regulator board, A-4
voltage to frequency board, A-5
wireless EMU, A-5
standard installation, 3-4
Doppler velocity sensor, 3-19
mounting sensors to the ring, 3-17
pressure depth sensor, 3-20
ring, 3-22
ring assembly, 3-8
sensors, 3-6
ultrasonic depth sensor, 3-18
starting the Profile software, 6-2
static IP address, 1-4, 4-1
Subscriber Identity Module (SIM)
card, 1-4, 4-1, 4-13
installation, 4-13
replacing in EMU modem, 8-16
support, 1-7
surcharge mount, 3-32
surcharging, 3-3, 3-4
T
TCP/IP
signal strength, 6-20
wireless modem, 4-8
telemetry, 1-4
toll-free calls, ADS Client Services
Department, 1-7
tools, IS-certified, 1-5
troubleshooting, 8-18
Doppler velocity sensor, 8-27
external power, 8-23
fee, 1-36
monitor, 8-20
pressure depth sensor, 8-29
ultrasonic depth sensor, 8-24
typical monitor and sensor
installation, 3-2
U
ultrasonic depth sensor, 2-12
configuring, 6-14
installation, 3-18
leveling, 3-23
mounting sensor to the band, 3-29
mounting sensor to the ring, 3-18
special installation
standard mount, 3-29
surcharge mount, 3-32
specifications, A-7
urethane foam, 4-7
V
velocity sensor
configuring, 6-15
installation, 3-19
special installation, 3-35, 3-38
specifications, A-9
voltage
external, 8-15
voltage regulator board, 2-9
specifications, A-4
voltage to frequency board, 2-8
specifications, A-5
In-8
ADS FlowShark IS Manual
W
warranty, 1-35
invalidating, 1-8
wet well, 3-4
wireless
communication, 2-5, 4-2
connection, 1-1
EMU, 1-4, 4-8
EMU modem replacement, 8-15
EMU specifications, A-5
modem, 4-8
signal strength, 4-16, 6-20
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