Masonite 883616, 938419, 39608, 938418, 1326754, 740808, 96390, 938420, 06242, 22181 Installation guide

Masonite 883616, 938419, 39608, 938418, 1326754, 740808, 96390, 938420, 06242, 22181 Installation guide
SIDE-HINGED DOOR UNIT
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
Step 1: Prepare Rough Opening
Step 3: Prepare Door Unit
Step 4: Place Door in Rough Opening
Remove all packaging materials such as nails, staples and screws.
Information Panel
Side-Hinged Door Types
Instructions vary according to door type. Confirm which door type
is being installed. Some door styles not available in all markets.
Some dwelling designs/conditions may require special installation steps, consult your
architect, design professional and/or product manufacturer for additional guidance.
How to Plumb the Door
3
For single door unit, use Step 5A. For double door unit, use Step 5B.
For single door unit with one or two sidelites, use Step 5C.
Required Tools & Materials
A:
Figure 1: A clean, level, solid sub-floor area is essential to successful installation.
Ensure that the following conditions are met:
■■ Clean, clear work area
■■ The rough opening (RO) is ideally 3/4" wider and 1/2" taller
than the outside frame dimensions of the door unit. Units
intended for installation in hurricane prone regions require
less clearance between unit and RO (1/4" sides & top).
■■ The RO is plumb, square and level
■■ The old door frame has been completely removed in retro-fit installation
■■ When replacing existing door units, ensure products are
properly disposed and recycled in safe manner.
DO NOT utilize the wall to square and level unit. Unit must be
square and level to insure proper operation and performance.
single door
(X for operable panel or O for non-operable panel)
Figure 3: Some door units will be supplied with plastic covers over the
bottoms of the jambs. These must be removed before installation.
If disturbing existing paint, take proper precautions if lead
paint is suspected (commonly used before 1979). For proper
management of lead paint, see www.epa.gov/lead.
B:
The sub-floor area is clean, dry and level
The existing sub-floor area is at least 6" deep for 4-9/16"
frames and at least 8" deep for 6-9/16" frames.
■■ Apply flashing in a manner to prevent entry of water into the wall
cavity in accordance with flashing manufacturer’s instructions.
Figure 6: P
lace the sill in the opening first and then tilt the door up into the opening.
■■
■■
Door units featuring multiple door panels or glass
inserts are heavier and more difficult to handle – do
not attempt to handle without assistance.
Because a solid, level sub-floor is absolutely essential for
proper door unit installation, do not proceed with the
installation until the sub-floor is both solid and level.
double door
(XX for unit featuring two operable panels)
Figures 9 and 10: The weather-stripping on
these doors is not evenly compressed.
Step 2: Caulk the Sub-Floor
How to Fasten the Door
C:
Figure 4: Some door units may be supplied with a composite skid plate located
along the bottom of the door. This must be removed before installation.
Critical Point: Although all steps are critical, this symbol
identifies procedures requiring extra attention.
3
Check Your Work: This symbol identifies when the work should
be checked for correctness before continuing with installation.
PLEASE NOTE: Failure to install this unit in accordance with architect,
design professional or product manufacturers instructions will have a
direct effect on the units performance and/or long term wear. Installer
shall be experienced in performing work required and shall be specialized
in installation work similar to that required for this project. Warranty
claims are subject to site inspections by a qualified manufacturer’s
representation to establish probable cause and proposed corrective action.
Figure 2: Caulk is applied in three parallel lines running the width of the sill.
Variations in threshold design may require that the caulk lines
be applied directly to the bottom of the door unit to ensure a
necessary weather-seal. Inspect the bottom of door unit to confirm
it features a flat surface before caulking the sub-floor area.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
Step 5A: For single doors
B
C
F
D
G
G
E
F
E
A
Note: Units
intended for
installation in
hurricane
prone regions
may require
additional points
of attachment. See
local retailer for
installation sheet
supplement.
Ensure that there is an even gap across the top of the door
slab. With the door closed and from the inside shim directly
behind the vacant hinge screw hole in each hinge (Points D and E
in Figure 12) until there is a consistent 1/8" gap between the hingeside jamb and the door slab edge along the entire height of the door.
Gap between the latch-side jamb and the door slab edge should be
1/8" at the top and bottom of the door only. Drive one of the 2-1/2"
screws supplied through the vacant hole in each hinge, through
the jamb, shims and into the stud or rough buck (Figure 11).
3
A
Figure 12: Install the shims in the correct locations and in the correct sequence.
Stand on the inside of the door and center the
door in the opening. Shim tightly at the bottom
corners of the door unit (Points A in Figure 12).
This will keep the door centered and the frame tight against
the sill. Shim the top of the door on the latch side (Point B
in Figure 12). Install shims until there is a consistent 1/8" gap
between the top of the door slab and the frame header.
Shim the hinge-side of the frame (Point C in Figure 12). This will
hold the door tight in its position relative to the frame. The door
should operate freely with nothing but shims holding it in place.
CAUTION: Do not open door panel greater than 30-degrees until
2-1/2" screws have been installed. (Points D, E, F & G in Figure 12).
Figure 14: Shims are placed
above and below the dead bolt
hole (points G in figure 12).
From the outside and with the door closed, ensure that the
frame is in a straight vertical plane (not twisted). To do
this check that the weather-stripping on the latch side is
evenly compressed along the entire height of the door slab
without any pinching or gaps (see Figures 9 and 10).
When the shims are
properly installed, the
frame should not move
or twist at all when the
screws are tightened and
counter-sunk thereby
maintaining the 1/8" gap.
If there is any movement,
loosen the screws and
shim tighter to maintain
the 1/8" gap, then
re-tighten the screws.
Shim behind the latch-side jamb (Points F in Figure 12)
approximately 8" from the top and bottom of the frame. Install shims
until there is an even 1/8" gap between the jamb and the edge of the
door slab along the door. Shim behind the latch-side jamb (Points G
in Figure 12) just above and below the dead bolt hole, maintaining
the 1/8" gap (Figure 14). Remove the weather-stripping away from
the jamb (Points F on Figure 12) and screw 2-1/2" installation screws
(by others) through the jamb and shims into the stud (Figure 15).
If door unit is supplied without a clip or plug
holding door aligned and closed, do not leave the
door wide open during installation. The weight of
the door may cause it to fall and cause injury.
Figure 5: Some door units may be supplied with a “clip” or “plug” holding
the panel aligned and closed during the initial installation steps. Do not
remove at this time. Some door units may be supplied with a double headed
nail or screw holding panel closed – this needs to be removed at this time.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
XX
B
B
E
C
F
F
E
D
A
Proceed to Step 6.
Note: Units
intended for
installation
in hurricane
prone regions
may require
additional points
of attachment.
See local retailer
for installation
sheet supplement.
A
Figure 16: Install the shims in the correct locations and in the correct sequence.
Stand on the inside of the door and center the door in the opening.
Shim tightly at the bottom of the unit (Points A in Figure 16).
This will keep the door centered and the frame tight against the sill. Shim
the top of the frame (at Points B in Figure 16). Install shims until there
is a 1/8" gap between the top of the door slabs and the frame header.
This will hold the door tight in its position relative to the frame. The
door should operate freely with nothing but shims holding it in place.
CAUTION: Do not open door panel greater than 30-degrees until
2-1/2" screws have been installed. (Points C, D, E & F in Figure 16).
Door panels with glass inserts may sag toward the center. This is normal.
To correct sagging, align the flush bolts on the fixed door with clearance
in the header and sill. Most units do not have pre-drilled holes in the
header and sill. Holes must be drilled. Slide top flush bolt up against
header and bottom bolt down against threshold to mark. Mark where bolts
make contact with header and sill with pencil. Drill holes on marks to
receive bolts (1-1/2" deep minimum). Once holes are drilled, close panel
and engage bolts making sure they extend far enough to secure unit.
Figure 15: Install
screws underneath the
weather-stripping. It is
strongly recommended
that you remove the
weather-stripping to
ensure that you do not
pierce or puncture it.
Figure 13: Proper position of shims at the bottom of the door (Points A).
3
(OXO for unit featuring operable panel with two non-operable panels)
3
Figure 17: C
orrect sagging until the
flush bolt slides freely into
the pre-drilled hole (not
typical of most units) in
the head/threshold.
If there is a gap between the threshold
and weatherstrip block around the
foot bolt, the hole is not deep enough
(the weatherstrip block must touch
the threshold to properly seal the
unit). Shim tightly behind the vacant
hinge screw hole in the bottom
hinge (Point D in Figure 16) until
the lower flush bolt slides freely
into the clearance hole in the sill.
Secure the door by driving a 2-1/2"
installation screw supplied, through
the hinge and jamb and into the
stud. If the flush bolt does not slide
freely, loosen the screw, shim more
tightly and then tighten the screw.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
XO
From the outside and with the door closed, ensure that the
frame is in a straight vertical plane (not twisted). To do
this check that the weather-stripping on the astragal side is
evenly compressed along the entire height of the door slab
without any pinching or gaps (see Figures 8 and 9).
Standing on the inside, shim behind each of the vacant hinge screw holes
in both the top and bottom hinge on the operating door (Points E in
Figure 16) until there is a consistent 1/8" gap along the entire height of
the door between the operating door and the passive door. There should
also be a 1/8" gap between the top of each door slab and the header.
When shims are properly installed, the frame should not move or twist
when the screws are tightened and counter-sunk, this maintaining
the 1/8" gap. If there is any movement, loosen the screws and shim
tighter to maintain the 1/8" gap, then retighten the screws.
Using the supplied 2-1/2" installation screws, drive a screw through
the vacant holes in both the top and bottom hinge on the operating
door (Points E in Figure 16), through the jambs and into the stud.
Shim behind the vacant hinge screw holes in each of the center hinges
(Points F in Figure 16) and secure using the supplied 2-1/2" installation screws.
B
C
E
D
F
F
D
E
D
Note: Units
intended for
installation in
hurricane prone
regions may require
additional points
of attachment. See
local retailer for
installation sheet
supplement.
A
A
ift out the plastic filler strip with a flat head screw driver. Loosen
L
the Phillips screws and adjust strikers to the desired location. Tighten
Screws. Reinstall plastic strips. (Plastic strip may need trimming.)
When shims are properly installed, the frame should not move or
twist at all when the screws are tightened and counter-sunk, thus
maintaining the 1/8" gap. If there is any movement, loosen the screws
and shim tighter to maintain the 1/8" gap, then re-tighten screws.
Stand on the inside of the door and center the door
in the opening. Shim tightly at the bottom corners
of the door unit (Points A in Figure 21).
This will keep the door centered and the frame tight against the sill.
Shim the top of the frame, behind the latch-side jamb (Point B in
Figure 21). Install shims until there is a consistent 1/8" gap between
the top of the operating door slab and the frame header. Shim at the
top of the frame, behind the hinge-side jamb (Point C in Figure 21)
to hold the door tight in its position relative to the frame. The door
should operate freely with nothing but the shims holding it in place.
3
Figure 20: Aluminum Astragal
Strike Plate adjustment.
For units with only one non-operable panel attached on the hinge side
of the door: The second set of supplied 2-1/2" screws are installed
through the thin (rabbet) section of the jamb under the weatherstripping through the shim and into the stud approximately 8"
from the top and bottom of the jamb (Figure 23). Shim just
above and below the dead bolt hole and drive the supplied 2-1/2"
installation screws through the dead bolt strike plate (Step 6).
Figure 21: Install shims in the correct location and in the correct sequence.
CAUTION: Do not open door panel greater than 30-degrees until
2-1/2" screws have been installed. (Points B, C, D, E & F in Figure 20).
Figure 19: The gap between the door
slabs and the head is evenly aligned.
For units with only one non-operable panel attached on the latch
side of the door: The second set of supplied screws are installed
through the thin (rabbet) section of the jamb using the vacant
hinge screw holes (Figure 22). Typically long security screws
are used to install the dead bolt strike plate (Step 6).
3
Install two 2-1/2" screws along the head jamb of double
door systems for additional reinforcement. Screws should be
installed above center of each panel. (Figures 17 and 18).
Proceed to Step 6.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
Step 5C: For door with sidelites
Shim behind the vacant hinge screw hole in the top hinge (Point C
in Figure 16) to align the top flush bolt with the clearance hole in the
header (Figure 17). Secure with the 2-1/2” installation screw supplied,
through the hinge jamb and into the stud.
Figure 18: The gap between the door
slabs and the head is not evenly aligned.
Figure 11: Screws are installed through
the jamb, shims and into the 2x
wood studs or bucking. It is strongly
recommended that you remove the
weather-stripping to ensure that
you do not pierce or puncture it.
(OX or XO for unit featuring operable panel with non-operable panel)
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
3
When shims are properly installed, the frame should not move
or twist when the screws are tightened and counter-sunk, thus
maintaining the 1/8 " gap between the edge of door panel and
frame. If there is any movement, loosen the screws and shim
tighter to maintain the 1/8" gap, then retighten the screws.
double door or single with one sidelite
Step 5B: For double doors with concealed top and bottom flush bolts
X
Screws located in hinge or strike position shall be placed in the
thin (rabbet) section of frame, other screws shall be placed in
thick (stop) section of frame. Wide frames should be attached
with a screw in both sections of the frame to minimize rotation.
Stand on the outside of the doorway. With the exterior side of the door
unit facing you, tilt the door unit toward you (Figure 6). The brickmould
(not supplied with all units) should rest up against the siding of the exterior
wall (Figure 7) and should slide into the RO of a brick home (Figure 8).
Remove this
portion of plug
prior to installing.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
After shimming, the door is fastened to the studs by installing
screws through the jambs, shims and into the stud (Figure 11).
single with two sidelites
Figures 7 and 8: The exterior trim (brickmould) rests up against
exterior sheathing or slides into the opening of exterior brick.
Apply three 1/4" lines of caulk along the length of the
sub-floor, the first line starting approximately 1" from
the inside edge. The lines should be about 1" apart.
For all door types, it is essential that the frame is in a
straight vertical plane and is not twisted. Check alignment
using this method: Stand on the outside of the door.
Check that the weather-stripping on the latch side is
evenly compressed along the entire height of the door slab
without any pinching or gaps (Figures 9 and 10).
From the outside and with the door closed, ensure that
the frame is in a straight vertical plane (not twisted). To
do this, check that the weather-stripping on the latch side
is evenly compressed along the entire height of the door
slab, without any pinching or gaps (Figures 8 and 9).
Once there is an even 1/8" gap across the top of the door
slab and the weather-stripping is evenly compressed along the
height of the door slab, proceed with the installation.
Figures 22 and 23: The second set of supplied screws should be installed under
the weather-stripping as shown in Figure 23. It is strongly
recommended that you remove the weather-stripping
to ensure that you do not pierce or puncture it.
Proceed to Step 6.
Factory-Finished Door System
If the inside of the jamb is not accessible, a 1/8" holes must be drilled through the
factory-finished exterior jamb, 1/4" deep at all points where the door system is
shimmed (three on each exterior side of a non-operable panel, Figure 24). Drive the
supplied 2-1/2" installation screws, through the drilled holes in the exterior thick
(stop) section of the jamb, through the shims and into the studs (Figure 25). Some
local jurisdictions may require additional security screws through hinges and strikes.
Shim at points D, E and F on the perimeter of the frame (Figure 21),
until there is an even 1/8" gap on both sides of the operating door slab.
Drive the supplied 2-1/2" installation screws, three on each
exterior jamb of a fixed panel, through the exterior (stop) section
part of the jamb, through the shims and into the studs. Note:
If the door is factory-finished use the “Factory-Finished Door
System” information for fastening through exterior jambs.
For units with two non-operable panels: Typically long security
screws are used to install the dead bolt strike plate (Step 6).
Figure 24: Pre-finished
systems must have
holes drilled before
screws are installed.
Figure 25: Drill holes
through the exterior
jamb on factory-finished
jambs and fill in holes
with fill stick provided
in hardware bag..
www.masonite.com
Step 8: Caulk Doorway
Step 6: Install Dead Bolt and Strike Plates
Steps to test threshold seal
Step 9A: Adjust Sill
Caulk all four exterior corners and all around the
brick or siding in the following sequence:
Some door units are supplied
with adjustable sills, and these
may be raised or lowered to form
a tight seal with the fixed sweep
on the bottom of the door. This
adjustment requires a screwdriver
with appropriate screw bit. To
increase the height of the sill,
turn screws evenly along the sill
cap. Refer to the “Steps to test
threshold seal”. (Figure 32-A).
caulk the sill on both latch and hinge sides from the
edge of the sill crown along the edge where the sill
and jamb or brickmould meet (Figure 28)
n
caulk the front sill edge where the sill and
the sub-floor meet (Figure 29)
n
Factory finished door units do not require additional
field finishing. See maintenance steps for proper care.
1. Close door on a piece of paper
placed over the threshold.
2. Pull paper between the sweep
of the door and the threshold.
Requirements:
3. If the threshold is properly
adjusted, you should feel some
tension, but if the paper tears,
the door’s seal is too tight.
If there is no tension on the paper, the door’s seal is too loose.
To properly adjust the threshold seal if it is too tight.
Figure 32: Raise or lower the sill by adjusting the sill screws.
Some sills may have covers over the adjusting screws. These covers
must be removed prior to making any adjustments.
1. Adjust sill cap by turning screws counter-clockwise evenly a 1/2 turn.
2. Repeat seal test. If paper does not slide beneath door
with a feeling of tension, repeat Step 1. Re-test seal.
3. Continue testing threshold until it is properly adjusted.
Step 9B: Adjust Sweep
To properly adjust the threshold seal if it is too loose.
(WARNING: Do not increase height by more then 1/4")
Figure 26: Screws fasten the latch plate to the door slab.
Install the dead bolt strike plate at the correct location,
per the manufacturer installation detail (Figure 26).
1. Adjust sill cap by turning screws clockwise evenly a 1/2 turn.
2. Repeat seal test. If paper does not slide beneath door
with a feeling of tension, repeat Step 1. Re-test seal.
Figures 28 and 29: Caulk the sill crown and the front of the sill.
n
Step 7: Insulate
c aulk the top corners where the header and jambs
meet, starting at the weather-stripping and working
to the face of the brickmould (Figure 30)
3. Continue testing threshold until it is properly adjusted.
Step 10: Install the Latch and Dead Bolt
If the door is center-hinged or has a sidelite, caulk around the
mullions where the mullions contact the sill and header.
1. Put on gloves and prepare your materials.
2. S tir stain thoroughly using smooth strokes, avoid creating
bubbles and do not shake the stain container.
3. Working in the specified order and individual section, dip the
foam brush into the stain then use the rim of the container to
release any excess. Use the foam brush to apply the stain onto the
section. Using a cloth, rub the stain into the embossed woodgrain
ensuring complete and even coverage. Stop between sections to
tidy up the perimeter with a rag and mineral spirits. Clean edges
will help define the individual components of the door.
If preferred, the subtle color variation found in wood can be
replicated by selective removal of the stain. Using a rag or cheese
cloth, gently rub the surface removing very small amounts of
stain. Apply varying levels of pressure and work in the direction
of the grain. Excessive pressure will remove too much stain.
4. Once the door has been completely stained, check for any drips.
While the stain is still wet, lightly brush the entire surface of the
door with a china bristle brush. Use long strokes and work in the
direction of the grain to even out color and achieve consistency.
5. Let the first stained surface dry, per the stain manufacturer’s
recommended drying time, before proceeding to the second side.
6. If you prefer a darker appearance, repeat staining steps
one through five only after first coat is completely
dry. Do not sand between staining coats.
D. Sealing or applying the top-coat
The top-coat or sealant for your door is very important and
required for weatherability. It protects the stained door from the
elements and makes the door surface washable. Be sure that the
stain coating is completely dry and then apply a high-quality,
UV stabilized, clear exterior polyurethane coating (satin or low
gloss) – used for any normal exterior wood application.
Note: We recommend that all 6 sides (front and back faces plus
all four edges) be sealed to eliminate moisture absorption. The
bottom of your door panel(s) may contain a factory installed
weather-stripping (sweep) which is sealed prior to installation.
Failure to observe this recommendation may void the warranty.
Coatings and accessories:
n Mineral spirits or acetone
n One pair of rubber gloves
n Lint-free rags or cheese cloth (recommended)
n Stir sticks
n 2" wide foam brush
n Masking tape
n Safety razor blades
n Stain
– High-quality, opaque (non
transparent), heavily pigmented,
oil-based stain (recommended)
– Gel stains can also be used
– Semi-transparent stains are not recommended
n High-quality, exterior grade, UV stabilized
polyurethane sealant (satin or low gloss)
n 2-1/2" wide china bristle brush
n
n
n
n
Hammer
Center punch
Screwdriver with arrangement of screw bits
Pliers
Safety glasses
Please read and understand the entire staining
procedure before attempting to finish the door. Be
sure to follow the (stain and top-coat) manufacturers
detailed application instructions on the product label.
Figure 33: U-channel sweeps are adjusted to form a tight seal with the sill.
Some door units are supplied with a U-channel adjustable sweep and
these may be raised or lowered to form a tight seal with the fixed sill.
To adjust the sweep, loosen the screws that hold the sweep in place and
lower the sweep far enough to create an airtight seal with the sill. Once
the sweep is positioned properly, tighten the screws by hand, taking
care not to over-tighten (Figure 33).
Figures 30 and 31: Caulk the jambs and the exterior trim.
1. Stir top coat thoroughly using smooth strokes, avoid creating
bubbles and do not shake the top coat container.
2. Do not overload the brush. Dip the end of the brush
into the coating and gently slide the flat side of the brush
against the edge of the container to remove the excess.
3. Apply with even gentle strokes. Press hard enough to flex the bristles
just a little and then pull the brush gently along the door’s surface.
Step 11: How to Paint Exterior Doors
Factory finished door units do not require any additional field finishing.
Requirements:
Find a well-lit finishing location that is dust-free, well
ventilated and within the climate conditions recommended
by the coating manufacturer. Recommended temperature
should be between 50˚ – 90˚F degrees fahrenheit.
8. Replace door back into frame.
Maintenance
Tools:
5. Allow the first coat to dry completely (follow manufacturer’s
recommendations) and apply at least one more coat using
the same steps as above. A minimum of two coats is required
for complete protection and the door should be resealed
annually to ensure lasting protection of the finish.
6. After both sides of the door have been top-coated
(twice) and are completely dry, remove the paper and
tape from the glass and protected surfaces.
7. Clean the glass with window cleaner and remove any
finishing materials from the glass with a safety razor.
1. In the event that the door is scratched after finishing, the damaged
area can be lightly sanded using 400-grit sandpaper (do not oversand the surface). Follow the staining and top-coat procedures.
2. Dirt and watermarks can build up on the surface of your finished door
over time. Extend the life of the stain and top-coat by cleaning the door
several times a year. Clean with warm soapy water, rinse and towel dry.
3. A minimum of two coats of top-coat are initially required
for complete protection. The door system should be resealed
every 1 to 7 years depending upon weather exposure.
Doors can be stained either hanging in the opening or removed from
the frame (recommended). Should you remove the door, take care to
protect it from damage. Sidelites will need to be finished vertically.
To remove the door from the frame, use a center punch and hammer.
Strike the hinge pin from the bottom until it pops up (for outswing
units – hinge leaf must be removed from the door). Drive the hinge pin
as far as possible with the punch. Using a pair of pliers, grasp the hinge
pin and, while twisting, pull the pin out. Remove all door hardware.
B. Preparing the door surface
IMPORTANT: Dust, debris and other surface contaminants can
accumulate on the surface of the door. Therefore, to achieve best
results and maximum coating adhesion, wipe/clean all surfaces of
the door panel(s) and sidelite(s) thoroughly with acetone or mineral
spirits. Mask (tape) off all surfaces that will not be stained.
C. Staining the Door
Use a high quality, heavily pigmented, oil-based stain (recommended).
Gel stains can also be used. Before starting, and occasionally throughout
the project, stir the stain until the texture is creamy. We recommend
that before starting, you try staining a small inconspicuous area of the
door to achieve the desired color.
One coat of stain is required with the recommended (per manufacturer’s
instructions) dry time needed between sides. The stain should be applied
in the following order working on one small section of the door at a time.
Finishing Order:
#1 Panels and sticking (moulding profiles)
#2 Vertical center areas (mullions)
#3 Horizontal areas (rails)
#4 Outside vertical areas (stiles)
#5 Edge of door (includes both sides
and top of door)
Note: Units intended for installation in high velocity
windstorm region requires specific grade of latching hardware.
You will need the following:
Coatings and accessories:
n Mineral spirits or acetone
n Soapy water (mild detergent in warm water)
n One pair of rubber gloves
n Stir sticks
n Masking tape
n Safety razor blades
n 220-grit sandpaper
n Paint
– High-quality, oil-base or 100% acrylic waterbased latex paint of desired color
– Lacquer paints are not recommended
n 2-1/2" wide brush appropriate for type of paint (A natural
bristle brush should be used with oil-based paint and a
synthetic bristle brush should be used with latex paint.)
4. As you apply the sealant, pull the brush quickly along the area
two or three times lightly to even out the brush strokes.
A. How to start
Figure 34: The latch and dead bolt are installed per the
hardware manufacturer installation detail.
Step 11: How to Stain Woodgrain Textured Fiberglass Doors
Staining:
You will need the following:
n
Figure 27: Insulate between the jambs and the wall studs all around the door.
Critical Point: The use of expandable type foam
is not recommended as it may cause the door
jambs to warp; this may leave the door inoperable
or push the brickmould away from the jamb.
Find a well-lit staining location that is dust-free,
well ventilated and within the climate conditions
recommended by the stain/top-coat manufacturer.
Tools:
caulk the perimeter where the exterior trim meets
the brick or siding trim (Figure 31)
n
Score shims with a utility knife
and snap the shims along the
score. Trim any excess with the
utility knife. Insulate around the
top and sides of the door unit
in the cavity between the jamb
and the wall studs with fiberglass
blanket insulation (Figure
27). Install the interior and/or
exterior trim around the door.
Step 11: How to Stain Woodgrain Textured Fiberglass Doors
(Figure 32-A)
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n
n
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Hammer
Center punch
Phillips screwdriver
Pliers
Safety glasses
Air-less sprayer (optional)
Note: Painting instructions specifically refer to the door and sidelite panels. Oilbased paint should not be used on wood frame components (jambs & brickmould).
Please read and understand the entire painting procedures
before attempting to finish the door. Be sure to follow the paint
manufacturer’s detailed application instructions on the product label.
A. How to start
MIC-12713 Rev. A
Doors can be painted either hanging in the opening or removed from the
frame (recommended). Should you remove the door, take care to protect
it from damage. Sidelites will need to be finished vertically. To remove
the door from the frame, use a center punch and hammer. Strike the
hinge pin from the bottom until it pops up (for outswing & self closing
units – hinge leaf must be removed from the door). Drive the hinge pin
as far as possible with the punch. Using a pair of pliers, grasp the hinge
pin and, while twisting, pull the pin out. Remove all door hardware.
02-02-17
B. Preparing the door surface
IMPORTANT: For adequate paint adhesion the door surface
must be free of dust, debris and other surface contaminants.
Step 11: How to Paint Exterior Doors
Steel doors should be wiped clean with a solvent such as acetone or
mineral spirits. Allow the cleaning solvent to dry completely – until there
is no residual odor. Once wiped clean, the door must be lightly sanded
with a 220-grit sandpaper. After sanding, the door must be washed
with a mild detergent in warm soapy water, rinsed and then dried.
Step 11: How to Paint Exterior Doors
Finishing with Spray Applicator:
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for thinning the paint; (i.e. thin
latex paint with water or oil-based with solvent for better atomization
and spraying results). Strain paint before filling the spray pot.
Fiberglass doors should be wiped clean with a solvent such as acetone
or mineral spirits. Allow the cleaning solvent to dry completely – until
there is no residual odor. Next, the door must be washed with a
mild detergent in warm soapy water, rinsed and then dried.
The door can be painted in horizontal (recommended) or
vertical position; however, the paint should be applied in
continuous strokes extending six inches past the edges of the
door. This will ensure uniformity across the entire surface of the
door. Multiple light coats are better than one heavy coat.
Mask (tape) off all surfaces that will not be painted including all glass.
Avoid runs as a result of over-spraying.
C. Painting the Door
Note: We recommend that all 6 sides (front and back faces plus all four
edges) be sealed to eliminate moisture absorption. The bottom of your
door panel(s) may contain a factory installed weather-stripping (sweep)
which is sealed prior to installation. Failure to observe this
recommendation may void the warranty.
Use exterior, high quality, oil-based or 100% acrylic water-based
latex paint of desired color. High quality interior paint can be
used on the interior surface of the door only. Lacquer paints are
not recommended. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
paint application by using either a brush or a handheld sprayer.
Painting:
Put on gloves, safety glasses, and prepare your materials. Before
starting, and occasionally throughout the project, stir the paint using
smooth strokes until the texture is creamy – avoid creating bubbles.
Finishing with Brush Application:
Dip the brush into the paint, then use the rim of the container to
release any excess paint. Apply paint as evenly as possible while still
wet. Brush strokes should follow the grain direction of the selected area.
Start working on the panels and sticking (moulding profiles), then the
vertical center mullion, next the horizontal rails, then the vertical stiles,
and finally, the outside edges (stiles and top rail, see figure 1 for details).
Doors that are outswing or have adjustable surface mounted sweeps
will need to have the sweep removed and the bottom rail painted.
Finishing Order:
For woodgrain textured door
finishing with brush.
#1 Panels and sticking
(moulding profiles)
#2 Vertical center areas
(mullions)
#3 Horizontal areas
(rails)
#4 O
utside vertical areas
(stiles)
Drying:
IMPORTANT: Let the paint dry completely, following the
manufacturer’s recommended drying time before handling the
painted surface or applying a second coat. If possible, allow the
door to dry in a horizontal position to minimize paint runs. High
humidity and/or low temperatures may extend your drying time.
Step 12: Corner Seal (Foam Pad) Installation
Proper installation of the corner seals (Foam Pads) is critical to the
performance of your new door system. Please use these photos along with
Step #12 to make sure the corner seals are properly installed.
1. At the ends of the sill, apply
a bead of caulk where the cap
and jamb/mullion meet.
2. Apply the corner pad with the
thick side towards the weatherstrip and the thin side even with
the edge of the jamb/mullion. Be
sure the pad is seated in the caulk.
Trouble Shooting
Warning: Foam-filled doors painted with dark colors or with attached
storm doors, may become very hot to the touch in direct sunlight.
Do not paint the weather strip and do not close door until paint is
dry (see paint manufacturer’s specifications on minimum drying time).
To maintain product warranty: Paint the door, frame,
header and brickmould within 45 days of installation.
Maintenance:
1. In the event that the door is scratched after finishing, the
damaged area can be lightly sanded using 400-grit sandpaper
(do not over-sand the surface). Follow the finishing procedures
on the inside of this brochure.
2. Dirt and watermarks can build up on the surface of your finished
door over time. Extend the life of the paint by cleaning the door a
few times a year. Clean with warm soapy water, rinse and towel dry.
3. Repainting every 1 to 7 years will be required, depending
upon weather exposure.
If it becomes apparent that there is some trouble with the operation
of the unit, the first thing to check is the installation of the unit
into the rough opening. Check to insure that 1/8" gap across
the top edge of door panel and frame holds true for the entire
width of the door opening AND that weather-stripping is evenly
compressed the entire height of the door opening. Secondly,
check that the two jambs are correctly aligned with each other and
that incorrect nailing on shims have not twisted the jambs.
Check all Critical Points to confirm that unit was
installed correctly in proper rough opening.
Warranty
Warranties are available for most products. Please check with your dealer
or distributor for current warranty terms and conditions.
#5 Edges of door
(includes both sides
and top of door)
www.masonite.com
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