Brother XS2070 70-Stitch Computerized Sewing Machine Full Product Manual

Brother XS2070 70-Stitch Computerized Sewing Machine Full Product Manual
Operation Manual
Sewing Machine
Product Code: 885-E44/E45/E46
KNOWING YOUR
SEWING MACHINE
SEWING BASICS
UTILITY STITCHES
APPENDIX
Be sure to read this document before using the machine.
We recommend that you keep this document nearby for future reference.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Please read these safety instructions before attempting to use the machine.
DANGER
- To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using, when cleaning,
when making any user servicing adjustments mentioned in this manual, or if you are leaving the
machine unattended.
WARNING
- To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or
injury to persons.
2 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when making any adjustments mentioned
in the instruction manual:
• To unplug the machine, switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off, then grasp
the plug and pull it out of the electrical outlet. Do not pull on the cord.
• Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet. Do not use an extension cord.
• Always unplug your machine if the power is cut.
3 Electrical Hazards:
• This machine should be connected to an AC power source within the range indicated on the
rating label. Do not connect it to a DC power source or inverter. If you are not sure what kind of
power source you have, contact a qualified electrician.
• This machine is approved for use in the country of purchase only.
4 Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has
been dropped or damaged, or water is spilled on the unit. Return the machine to the nearest
authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
• While the machine is stored or in use if you notice anything unusual, such as an odor, heat,
discoloration or deformation, stop using the machine and immediately unplug the power cord.
• When transporting the machine, be sure to carry it by its handle. Lifting the machine by any other
part may damage the machine or result in the machine falling, which could cause injuries.
• When lifting the machine, be careful not to make any sudden or careless movements, otherwise
you may injure your back or knees.
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5 Always keep your work area clear:
• Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the
machine and foot control free from the build up of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
• Do not store objects on the foot controller.
• Do not use extension cords. Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet.
• Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
• Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being
administered.
• Do not use the machine near a heat source, such as a stove or iron; otherwise, the machine,
power cord or garment being sewn may ignite, resulting in fire or an electric shock.
• Do not place this machine on an unstable surface, such as an unsteady or slanted table, otherwise
the machine may fall, resulting in injuries.
6 Special care is required when sewing:
• Always pay close attention to the needle. Do not use bent or damaged needles.
• Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.
• Switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off when making any adjustments in the
needle area.
• Do not use a damaged or incorrect needle plate, as it could cause the needle to break.
• Do not push or pull the fabric when sewing, and follow careful instruction when freehand stitching
so that you do not deflect the needle and cause it to break.
7 This machine is not a toy:
• Your close attention is necessary when the machine is used by or near children.
• The plastic bag that this machine was supplied in should be kept out of the reach of children or
disposed of. Never allow children to play with the bag due to the danger of suffocation.
• Do not use outdoors.
8 For a longer service life:
• When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store
the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
• Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
• Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet,
needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
9 For repair or adjustment:
• If the light unit (light-emitting diode) is damaged, it must be replaced by authorized dealer.
• In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table
in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem
persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer.
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Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual.
Use accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
For additional product information, visit our web site at www.brother.com
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This machine is intended for household use.
FOR USERS IN COUNTRIES EXCEPT EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children) with reduced
physical, sensory or mental capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge,
unless they have been given supervision or instruction concerning use of the
appliance by a person responsible for their safety. Children should be supervised to
ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
FOR USERS IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
This appliance can be used by children aged from 8 years and above and persons
with reduced physical, sensory or mental capabilities or lack of experience and
knowledge if they have been given supervision or instruction concerning use of the
appliance in a safe way and understand the hazards involved. Children shall not
play with the appliance. Cleaning and user maintenance shall not be made by
children without supervision.
FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND
CYPRUS ONLY
IMPORTANT
• In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the
mark, rating as marked on plug.
• Always replace the fuse cover. Never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted.
• If the available electrical outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, you
should contact your authorized dealer to obtain the correct lead.
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CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................... 1
1. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ..........................................................6
ACCESSORIES ..................................................................................................................... 6
Included accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 6
Optional accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 7
Accessory compartment ................................................................................................................................... 7
NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS .................................................... 8
The main parts ................................................................................................................................................. 8
Needle and presser foot section ...................................................................................................................... 9
Operation buttons ............................................................................................................................................. 9
Operation panel .............................................................................................................................................. 10
Spool pin ........................................................................................................................................................ 10
Flip chart ........................................................................................................................................................ 12
USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ...................................................................................13
Power supply precautions .............................................................................................................................. 13
Power supply .................................................................................................................................................. 14
Foot controller ................................................................................................................................................ 14
Sewing speed controller (for models equipped with the start/stop button) ..................................................... 15
Changing the needle stop position ................................................................................................................. 15
Changing the initial needle position ............................................................................................................... 15
Cancelling the operation beep ....................................................................................................................... 16
THREADING THE MACHINE ............................................................................................17
Winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................ 17
Lower threading ............................................................................................................................................. 22
Upper threading ............................................................................................................................................. 25
Drawing up the lower thread .......................................................................................................................... 30
REPLACING THE NEEDLE .................................................................................................31
Needle precautions ........................................................................................................................................ 31
Needle types and their uses ........................................................................................................................... 31
Checking the needle ...................................................................................................................................... 32
Replacing the needle ..................................................................................................................................... 32
Sewing with the twin needle ........................................................................................................................... 34
REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ......................................................................................36
Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................. 36
Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................. 37
2. SEWING BASICS ...........................................................................................38
SEWING ............................................................................................................................38
General sewing procedure ............................................................................................................................. 38
Selecting a stitch ............................................................................................................................................ 39
Adjusting the stitch length and width .............................................................................................................. 40
Starting to sew ............................................................................................................................................... 41
Thread tension ............................................................................................................................................... 43
USEFUL SEWING TIPS ......................................................................................................44
Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................... 44
Changing the sewing direction ....................................................................................................................... 44
Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................ 44
Sewing thick fabrics ....................................................................................................................................... 44
Sewing hook-and-loop fastener ..................................................................................................................... 45
Sewing thin fabrics ......................................................................................................................................... 46
Sewing stretch fabrics .................................................................................................................................... 46
Stitching cylindrical pieces ............................................................................................................................. 46
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3. UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................47
OVERCASTING STITCHES ................................................................................................47
Using zigzag foot ............................................................................................................................................ 47
Using overcasting foot .................................................................................................................................... 48
BASIC STITCHING ............................................................................................................49
Basic stitching ................................................................................................................................................ 49
BLIND HEM STITCHING .................................................................................................. 50
BUTTONHOLE SEWING ...................................................................................................53
Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................. 57
ZIPPER INSERTION ...........................................................................................................59
SEWING STRETCH FABRICS AND ELASTIC TAPE ............................................................61
Stretch stitching .............................................................................................................................................. 61
Elastic attaching ............................................................................................................................................. 61
APPLIQUÉ, PATCHWORK AND QUILT STITCHING ........................................................ 63
Appliqués ....................................................................................................................................................... 64
Patchwork (crazy quilt) stitching ..................................................................................................................... 64
Piecing ........................................................................................................................................................... 64
Quilting ........................................................................................................................................................... 65
Free-motion quilting ....................................................................................................................................... 66
REINFORCEMENT STITCHING .........................................................................................68
Triple stretch stitching .................................................................................................................................... 68
Bar tack stitching ............................................................................................................................................ 68
DECORATIVE STITCHING ................................................................................................70
Fagoting ......................................................................................................................................................... 71
Scallop stitching ............................................................................................................................................. 72
Smocking ....................................................................................................................................................... 72
Shell tuck stitching ......................................................................................................................................... 73
Joining ............................................................................................................................................................ 73
Heirloom stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 74
4. APPENDIX .....................................................................................................75
STITCH SETTINGS .............................................................................................................75
Utility stitches ................................................................................................................................................. 75
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................82
Restrictions on oiling ...................................................................................................................................... 82
Precautions on storing the machine ............................................................................................................... 82
Cleaning the machine surface ........................................................................................................................ 82
Cleaning the race ........................................................................................................................................... 82
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................................................................85
Frequent troubleshooting topics ..................................................................................................................... 85
Upper thread tightened up ............................................................................................................................. 85
Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric .......................................................................................................... 86
Incorrect thread tension ................................................................................................................................. 89
Fabric is caught in the machine and cannot be removed ............................................................................... 90
Error message “E6” appears in the LCD ........................................................................................................ 94
List of symptoms ............................................................................................................................................ 96
ERROR MESSAGES .......................................................................................................... 101
Operation beep ............................................................................................................................................ 101
INDEX ............................................................................................................................. 102
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1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
ACCESSORIES
Included accessories
After opening the box, check that the following accessories are included. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your dealer.
Note
(For U.S.A. only)
● Foot controller: Model T
This foot controller can be used on the machine with product code 885-E44/E45/E46. The product code is
mentioned on the machine rating plate.
● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. (Part code: 132730-122)
● The included accessories vary depending on the machine model.
1.
2.
9.
3.
10.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
75/11 1 needle
90/14 1 needle
100/16 1 needle
90/14 1 needle
16.
17.
18.
19.
Part Code
Americas
Others
XZ5134-001
1 Zigzag foot “J” (on machine)
2 Buttonhole foot “A”
XC2691-033
3 Overcasting foot “G”
XC3098-031
4 Monogramming foot “N”
XD0810-031
5 Zipper foot “I”
X59370-021
6 Blind stitch foot “R”
XE2650-001
7 Button fitting foot “M”
XE2137-001
8 Seam ripper
XZ5082-001
Bobbin (4)
SFB:
9
SA156
(One is on machine.)
XA5539-151
10 Needle set
XC8834-021
No.
Part Name
No.
Part Name
11 Twin needle
Ball point needle
12 (gold colored)
13 Cleaning brush
14 Disc-shaped screwdriver
15 Spool cap (large)
16 Spool cap (medium)
(on machine)
17 Spool cap (small)
18 Extra spool pin
Part Code
Americas
Others
131096-121
19 Foot controller
XD0360-021
X59476-021
XC1074-051
130012-024
XE1372-001
130013-124
XE2241-001
XD0501-121 (EU area)
XC8816-071 (Other areas)
Memo
● About zigzag foot “J”;
Press the black button on the left side of the foot when it is difficult for thick seams
to be fed, for example, at the beginning of sewing thick fabrics. (page 45)
aBlack button
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Optional accessories
The following are available as optional accessories to be purchased separately. Depending on the model you
purchased, the following accessory may be included with your machine.
1.
No.
1
2.
Part Name
Walking foot
2
Quilting foot
3
1/4-inch quilting foot
3.
Part Code
Americas
Others
F033N:
SA140
XC2214-052
F005N:
SA129
XC1948-052
F001N:
SA125
XC1944-052
4.
No.
Part Name
4
Quilting guide
5
Eyelet punch
1
5.
Part Code
Americas
Others
F016N:
SA132
XC2215-052
XZ5051-001
Accessory compartment
The accessories are stored in a compartment inside
the flat bed attachment. Open the compartment as
shown in the figure below.
a Flat bed attachment
b Storage compartment
Note
● Store the accessories in the compartment
when they are not used.
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NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
The illustrations in this operation manual may differ from the actual machine.
The main parts
a Bobbin winder (page 17)
This winds the thread onto the bobbin for use as the
lower thread.
b Upper tension-control dial (page 43)
This controls the tension of the upper thread.
c Bobbin-winding thread guide and pre-tension disc
(page 19)
Pass the thread under this thread guide and around the
pre-tension disc when winding the bobbin thread.
d Thread take-up lever (page 27)
e Thread cutter (page 42)
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
f Flat bed attachment with accessory compartment
(page 7 and 46)
g Operation buttons (page 9)
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing
machine model.
h Operation panel (page 10)
This is used to select the stitch and specify the various
settings. Design and position of the operation panel
differs depending on the sewing machine model.
i Spool pin (page 10, 17 and 25)
This holds the spool of thread.
j Handwheel
This is used to manually raise and lower the needle.
k Air vent
This vent allows the air surrounding the motor to
circulate. Do not cover the air vent while the sewing
machine is being used.
l Main power and sewing light switch (page 14)
You can turn the main power and sewing light switch
on and off.
m Jack/socket connector (page 14)
Insert the plug on the power supply cord into the jack/
socket connector.
n Foot controller (page 14)
You can use this to control the sewing speed, and to
start and stop sewing.
o Foot controller jack/socket (page 14)
Plug in the foot controller plug.
p Feed dog position lever (page 57 and 67)
Use the feed dog position lever to lower the feed dogs.
q Presser foot lever (page 25)
This is used to raise and lower the presser foot.
r Thread guide (page 18 and 27)
This is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin
and then threading the machine.
s Thread guide cover (page 18 and 27)
Pass the thread under this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread and threading the machine.
t Handle
Carry the sewing machine by its handle when
transporting the machine.
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Needle and presser foot section
e Presser foot
The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the
fabric as the sewing takes place. Attach the appropriate
presser foot for the selected stitching.
f Needle plate cover release
Use when removing the needle plate cover.
g Needle plate cover
Remove the needle plate cover to clean the race.
h Feed dogs
The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction.
i Quick-set bobbin (for models equipped with the quickset bobbin)
You can start sewing without pulling up the bobbin thread.
j Bobbin cover
Open the bobbin cover to set the bobbin.
a Needle threader (for models equipped with the needle
threader) (page 28)
b Buttonhole lever
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing buttonholes
and bar tacks.
c Presser foot holder
The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder.
d Presser foot holder screw
Use the presser foot holder screw to hold the presser
foot holder in place.
k Needle plate
The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing
straight seams.
l Needle bar thread guide
Pass the upper thread through the needle bar thread guide.
m Presser foot lever
Raise and lower the presser foot lever to raise and lower
the presser foot.
n Needle clamp screw
Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place.
Operation buttons
The operation buttons help you to easily perform various basic sewing machine operations.
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing machine model.
a Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
Press the reverse/reinforcement stitch button to sew
reverse stitches. Reverse stitches are sewn by keeping
the button pressed down to sew in the opposite
direction. For details, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 42).
c Needle position button
Press the needle position button to raise or lower the
needle. Be sure to raise the needle before threading the
needle. Use this button to change the sewing direction
or for detailed sewing in small areas. Pressing the button
twice sews one stitch.
■ Buttons provided on some models
d Sewing speed controller
Slide the sewing speed controller to adjust the sewing
speed.
b Start/stop button
Press the start/stop button to start or stop sewing. The
machine sews at a slow speed at the beginning of
sewing while the button is depressed. When sewing is
stopped, the needle is lowered in the fabric. For details,
refer to “Starting to sew” (page 41).
9
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Operation panel
The operation panel, located on the front of the
sewing machine, allows you to select a stitch and
specify how the stitch will be sewn.
The operation panel differs depending on the sewing
machine model.
Spool pin
As shown, press down on the spool pin lever with
your finger to raise the spool pin.
CAUTION
a LCD (liquid crystal display)
The number of the selected stitch (1), the presser foot
type to be used (2), the stitch length (mm) (3), and the
stitch width (mm) (4) are displayed here.
b Stitch selection keys
Press the stitch selection keys, and then select the
number for the stitch that you wish to use. For details,
refer to “Selecting a stitch” (page 39).
c Stitch length adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch length. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch length; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch length.)
d Stitch width adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch width. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch width; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch width.)
10
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
■ Storing the spool cap
The enclosed spool cap (large, medium, small)
can be stored by attaching it to the spool pin as
shown in the illustration. When attaching the
spool cap, position it with the rounded side
toward the spool pin.
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■ Storing the spool pin
When placing the cover on the sewing machine
before storing or if the spool pin will not be used,
return the spool pin to its storage position.
Remove the spool from the spool pin, and then
fold up the spool pin, as shown in the illustration,
until it snaps into place to secure it.
■ Installing the spool pin
If the spool pin has been removed from the
a machine, insert the tab on the spool pin into
the hole on the back of the machine, as
shown.
1
a Hole
b Tab
Push the spool pin down until it locks into
b place.
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Flip chart
Hold the notch with your finger to flip the chart.
For models equipped with a flip chart on the top
panel
1
For models equipped with a flip chart on the front
panel
1
a Notch
12
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USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
Power supply precautions
1
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply.
WARNING
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may result in
fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Make sure that the plugs on the power cord are firmly inserted into the electrical outlet and the power
supply jack on the machine. Otherwise, a fire or electric shock may result.
● Do not insert the plug on the power cord into an electrical outlet that is in poor condition.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
• When you are away from the machine
• After using the machine
• When the power fails during use
• When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
• During electrical storms
CAUTION
● Use only the power cord included with this machine.
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Fire
or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to remove it from
the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted, or bundled.
Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These things may damage the
cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged, take the machine to your
authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may result.
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Power supply
a
Foot controller
Insert the plug into a wall outlet.
1
2
a Main power switch
b Jack/socket connector
b
Insert the foot controller plug into its jack/socket on
the rear side of the sewing machine.
Set the main power switch to “I”.
 The sewing light comes on when the
machine is turned on.
Memo
● When the machine is turned on, the needle
and the feed dogs will make sound when
they move; this is not a malfunction.
a Foot controller jack/socket
CAUTION
● When connecting the foot controller, be sure
to turn off the sewing machine in order to
prevent the machine from accidentally being
started.
When you press the foot controller down lightly, the
machine will run at a low speed. When you press
harder, the machine’s speed will increase. When you
take your foot off the foot controller, the machine
will stop.
To turn off the machine, set the main power
c switch to “”.
Slower
 The sewing light goes off when the
machine is turned off.
Faster
Note
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the
sewing machine and unplug the power
supply cord. When restarting the sewing
machine, follow the necessary procedure to
correctly operate the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electric shock, this plug is intended
to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If
the plug does not fit fully in the outlet,
reverse the plug.
If it still does not fit, contact a qualified
electrician to install the proper outlet. Do
not modify the plug in any way.
14
You should make sure that nothing is placed on the
foot controller when the machine is not in use.
CAUTION
● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build
up on the foot controller. Doing so could
cause a fire or an electric shock.
Note
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
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Sewing speed controller
(for models equipped with
the start/stop button)
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
a right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
Changing the initial needle
position
Normally, the straight stitch (left needle position) is
automatically selected when the sewing machine is
turned on. The machine can be set so that the
straight stitch (center needle position) is
automatically selected when it is turned on.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
Hold down the “+” side of
(stitch selection
b key) on the left and turn on the sewing
a Sewing speed controller
• The speed set using the sewing speed
controller is the foot controller’s maximum
sewing speed.
machine.
After turning on the sewing machine, release
the “+” side of
(stitch selection key).
Changing the needle stop position
Normally, the sewing machine is set to leave the needle in
the fabric when sewing is stopped. Instead, the machine can
be set to leave the needle raised when sewing is stopped.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
 The initial needle position changes to
the center needle position.
Memo
b
Hold down the “–” side of
(stitch selection
key) on the left and turn on the sewing machine.
After turning on the sewing machine, release
the “–” side of
● The specified initial needle position is
maintained even after the machine is turned
off.
● Perform the same operation to change the
initial needle position to the left needle
position.
(stitch selection key).
 The needle stop position changes to the
raised position.
Memo
• Perform the same operation to change the
needle stop position to the lowered position.
15
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Cancelling the operation beep
When the sewing machine is purchased, it is set to
beep each time a key is pressed. This setting can be
changed so that the machine does not beep.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
Hold down the “–” side of
(stitch width
b adjustment key) and turn on the sewing
machine.
After turning on the sewing machine, release
the “-” side of
(stitch width adjustment
key).
 The machine is now set so that it will
not beep.
Memo
● Perform the same operation to change the
setting so that machine beeps.
16
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THREADING THE MACHINE
Winding the bobbin
1
This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin.
• For details on the fast bobbin winding, see page 20.
a Bobbin-winding
thread guide
b Bobbin winder shaft
c Bobbin
CAUTION
● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156, SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing
machine. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine.
● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models, the
machine will not work properly. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the
same type (part code: SA156, SFB: XA5539-151).
Actual size
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
This model
As shown, press down on the spool pin lever
a with your finger.
Other models
b
Remove the spool cap.
 The spool pin swings up.
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
CAUTION
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
CAUTION
● Be sure to raise the spool pin when winding
the bobbin. The thread may become tangled if
the bobbin winder is used without raising the
spool pin.
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Fully insert the spool of thread for the bobbin
c onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
c
b
a
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
d With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
CAUTION
● If the spool or the spool cap is not positioned
correctly, the thread may become tangled
around the spool pin or the machine may be
damaged.
● Three spool cap sizes are available, allowing
you to choose a spool cap that best fits the
size of spool being used. If the spool cap is too
small for the spool being used, the thread may
catch on the slit in the spool or the machine
may be damaged.
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
While holding the spool with your right hand,
e and then pass the thread under the thread
guide.
a Thread guide
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
f from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled out,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Thread guide cover
18
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Pull the thread to the right, pass it under the
g hook of the bobbin-winding thread guide, and
then wind the thread counterclockwise
between the discs, pulling it in as far as
possible.
CAUTION
● Pull the thread taut and hold the end of the
thread straight up. If the thread is too short,
not pulled taut or held at an angle, injuries
may occur when the thread is wound around
the bobbin.
i
Turn on the sewing machine.
While holding the end of the thread, gently
(start/stop
button) (for models equipped with the start/
stop button) to wind the thread around the
bobbin a few times. Then stop the machine.
j press the foot controller or press
a Bobbin-winding thread guide
Make sure that the thread passes under the
pre-tension disk.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
b Hook
c Pre-tension disk
d Pull it in as far as possible.
Note
● Make sure that the thread is pulled as far as
possible into the pre-tension disk, otherwise
the bobbin may not be wound cleanly.
Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft
h and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
Turn the bobbin clockwise, by hand, until the
spring on the shaft slides into the notch in the
bobbin.
• Make sure to pull out 7 to 10 cm (2-3/4 to
3-15/16 inches) of thread from the hole on
the bobbin.
Trim the excess thread above the bobbin.
k • Pull 1 cm (3/8 inch) of thread from the hole
on the bobbin.
1
a 1 cm (3/8 inch)
CAUTION
a Spring on the shaft
b Notch
c 7 – 10 cm (3 – 4 inches)
● Make sure you follow the instructions
carefully. If you do not cut the thread
completely, and the bobbin is wound, when
the thread runs low it may tangle around the
bobbin and cause the needle to break.
19
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Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
l (to set the speed to fast). (For models
CAUTION
equipped with the sewing speed controller.)
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, and may break
the needle.
a Sewing speed controller
Press the foot controller or press
(start/
m stop button) (for models equipped with the
1
2
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
start/stop button) to start.
■ For models equipped with the fast bobbin
winding system
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft
a so that the spring on the shaft fits into the
notch in the bobbin.
When the bobbin seems full and begins
n spinning slowly, take your foot off the foot
controller or press
(start/stop button) (for
models equipped with the start/stop button).
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
o to the left and remove the bobbin.
a Notch
b Bobbin winder shaft spring
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
p original position (for models equipped with
the sewing speed controller).
b
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
Follow steps a through g of the procedure
c in “Winding the bobbin” to pass the thread
around the pre-tension disk (page 17).
While holding the thread that wraps around the
d pre-tension disk with your left hand, use your
right hand to wind the free end of the thread
clockwise around the bobbin five or six times.
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Pull the thread to the right and pass it through
e the slit in the bobbin winder seat.
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
j to the left, and then remove the bobbin from
the shaft.
1
a Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in cutter)
 The thread is cut to a suitable length.
CAUTION
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
● Be sure to cut the thread as described. If the
bobbin is wound without cutting the thread
using the cutter built into the slit in the
bobbin winder seat, the thread may become
tangled in the bobbin or the needle may bend
or break when the bobbin thread starts to run
out.
k original position (for models equipped with
the sewing speed controller).
CAUTION
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause the
thread tension to loosen, and may break the needle.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
f (to set the speed to fast) (for models equipped
with the sewing speed controller).
1
2
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
Memo
a Sewing speed controller
g
Turn on the sewing machine.
Press the foot controller or press
(start/
h stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to start.
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
When the bobbin begins spinning slowly, take
i your foot off the foot controller or press
(start/stop button) (for models equipped with
the start/stop button).
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Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
Lower threading
press
(needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
• For more details on quick-set bobbin, see page 23.
CAUTION
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
c
Slide the button and open the cover.
● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, breaking the
needle and resulting in injury.
1
1
2
2
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
a Cover
b Slide button
● The bobbin was designed specifically for this
sewing machine. If bobbins from other
models are used, the machine will not operate
correctly. Use only the enclosed bobbin or
bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156,
SFB: XA5539-151).
Put the bobbin in so the thread comes out in
d the direction shown by the arrow.
Actual size
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
This model
Other models
CAUTION
● Make sure you turn the power off while
threading the machine. If you accidentally
step on the foot controller and the machine
starts to sew, you could be injured.
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread
is indicated by marks on the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
22
CAUTION
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
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Hold the end of the thread, push the bobbin
e down with your finger, and then pass the
thread through the slit, as shown.
• If the thread is not correctly inserted through
the tension-adjusting spring of the bobbin
case, it may cause incorrect thread tension
(page 43).
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
press
(needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
c
Slide the button and open the cover.
1
2
a Cover
b Slide button
1
a Tension-adjusting spring
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
f place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
Insert the bobbin with your right hand so that the
d end of the thread is on the left, and then, after
pulling the thread firmly around the tab with your
left hand as shown, lightly pull the thread to
guide it through the slit.
• Replace the cover so that the end of the
thread comes out from the left side of the
cover (as shown by the line in the diagram).
■ For models equipped with the quick-set bobbin
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread
is indicated by marks on the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
a Tab
CAUTION
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
23
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While lightly holding down the bobbin with
e your right hand as shown, guide the thread
through the slit (a and b).
• At this time, check that the bobbin easily
rotates counterclockwise.
Then, pull the thread toward you to cut it with
the cutter (c).
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
f place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
Memo
a Slit
b Cutter (Cut the thread with the cutter.)
Note
● If the thread is not correctly inserted
through the tension-adjusting spring of the
bobbin case, it may cause incorrect thread
tension (page 43).
1
a Tension-adjusting spring
24
● You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. If you want
to draw up the bobbin thread before you
start to sew, follow to the procedure in
“Drawing up the lower thread” (page 30).
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Upper threading
Set the upper thread and thread the needle.
• For details on the needle threader, see page 28.
1
a Spool pin
b Mark on the handwheel
CAUTION
● When threading the upper thread, carefully follow the instructions. If the upper threading is not correct,
the thread may become tangled or the needle may bend or break.
● Never use a thread weight of 20 or lower.
● Use the needle and the thread in the correct combination. For details on the correct combination of
needles and threads, refer to “Needle types and their uses” (page 31).
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
Raise the presser foot using the presser foot
b lever.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
c toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up, or press
(needle position button) (for models equipped
with the needle position button) once or twice
to raise the needle.
or
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
a Mark
b Needle position button
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine can not be threaded. Be
sure to turn the handwheel so that the mark
on the wheel points up before threading the
sewing machine.
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As shown, press down on the spool pin lever
d with your finger.
 The spool pin swings up.
CAUTION
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
e
Remove the spool cap.
Fully insert the spool for the upper thread
f onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
g With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
CAUTION
● Be sure to raise the spool pin before use. If the
spool of thread is in the wrong place, or is set
incorrectly, the thread may tangle on the
spool pin and cause the needle to break.
26
CAUTION
● If the spool or the spool cap is not positioned
correctly, the thread may become tangled
around the spool pin or the needle may break.
● Three spool cap sizes are available, allowing you
to choose a spool cap that best fits the size of
spool being used. If the spool cap is too small for
the spool being used, the thread may catch on
the slit in the spool or the needle may break.
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Feed the upper thread as shown in the
j illustration below.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
c
1
b
a
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
While holding the spool with your right hand,
h and then pass the thread under the thread
guide.
Make sure you guide the thread through the
k thread take-up lever from right to left as
shown in the illustration below.
a Thread guide
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
i from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Thread take-up lever
Memo
● If the needle is not raised, the thread takeup lever cannot be threaded. Be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before threading the thread take-up
lever.
a Thread guide cover
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Put the thread behind the needle bar thread
l guide above the needle.
Note
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, then feeding the thread with
your right hand.
1
a Needle bar thread guide
m
Turn off the sewing machine.
● If the thread take-up lever is lowered, the
upper thread cannot be wrapped around the
thread take-up lever. Make sure you raise
the presser foot lever and the thread take-up
lever before you feed the upper thread.
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
■ Using the needle threader (for models
equipped with the needle threader)
CAUTION
● The needle threader can be used with a 75/11
through 100/16 home sewing machine
needle. However, the needle threader cannot
be used with a 65/9 home sewing machine
needle. When using special thread such as
transparent nylon thread or metallic thread,
the needle threader cannot be used.
● Thread with a thickness of 130/120 or thicker
cannot be used with the needle threader.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
wing needle or the twin needle.
● If the needle threader cannot be used, refer to
“Upper threading” (page 25).
Follow steps a through m of the procedure
CAUTION
● Make sure you turn the power off while
threading the machine without using the
needle threader (for models equipped with
the needle threader). If you accidentally step
on the foot controller and the machine starts
to sew, you could be injured.
a in “Upper threading” to thread the machine
to the needle bar thread guide.
b
Lower the presser foot lever.
While lowering the needle threader lever,
c hook the thread onto the guide.
Thread the needle from front to back and pull
n out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread.
a 5 cm (2 inches)
28
a Needle holder
b Needle threader lever
c Guide
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d
Fully lower the needle threader lever.
Pull the loop of the thread passed through the
g eye of the needle toward the rear of the
machine.
1
 The end of the needle threader rotates
toward you and the hook passes
through the eye of the needle.
e
Catch the thread on the hook as shown below.
a Loop of thread
CAUTION
● Be careful not to pull on the thread with force
or it may bend the needle.
● If the thread does not pass through the eye of
the needle, start from step c again.
h
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Hook
b Thread
While lightly holding the thread, release the
f needle threader lever. The hook will pull the
thread through the needle.
a Presser foot lever
Pass the end of the thread through the presser
i foot, and then pull out about 5 cm (2 inches)
of thread toward the rear of the machine.
a 5 cm (2 inches)
Note
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
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Drawing up the lower thread
a
Lightly hold the end of the upper thread.
Pull out about 10 cm (4 inches) of both
d threads and pull them toward the back of the
machine under the presser foot.
a Upper thread
While holding the end of the upper thread,
b raise the needle either by turning the
handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so
that the mark on the wheel points up or by
pressing
(needle position button) (for
models equipped with the needle position
button) once or twice.
or
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
■ For models equipped with the quick-set
bobbin
You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. When sewing
gathers or darts, you can draw up the lower
thread by hand so that some thread will be left
over. Before you draw up the lower thread, put
the bobbin back in.
Pass the thread along the slit in the direction
a of the arrow, and leave it there without
cutting it.
a Mark
b Needle position button
Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower
c thread.
• The bobbin cover should still be removed.
Draw up the lower thread as described in
a to d.
b steps
c
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
30
Replace the bobbin cover.
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REPLACING THE NEEDLE
This section provides information on sewing machine needles.
1
Needle precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Failure to observe these
precautions is extremely dangerous. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below.
CAUTION
● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the
machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injury.
Needle types and their uses
The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Refer to the
following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.
Fabric Type/Application
Medium weight
fabrics
Thin fabrics
Thick fabrics
Stretch fabrics
Thread
Type
Broadcloth
Cotton thread
Taffeta
Synthetic thread
Flannel, Gabardine
Silk thread
Lawn
Cotton thread
Georgette
Synthetic thread
Challis, Satin
Silk thread
Denim
Cotton thread
Corduroy
Synthetic thread
Tweed
Silk thread
Jersey
Tricot
Thread for knits
Cotton thread
Easily frayed fabrics
For top-stitching
Synthetic thread
Size
60–90
Size of Needle
75/11–90/14
50
60–90
65/9–75/11
50
30
100/16
50
50–60
50–60
50–90
90/14–100/16
Ball point needle
75/11–90/14
(gold colored)
65/9–90/14
Silk thread
50
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
30
100/16
50–60
75/11–90/14
Note
● Never use a thread of weight 20 or lower. It may cause malfunctions.
Memo
● The smaller the thread number, the thicker the thread; and the larger the needle number, the thicker the
needle.
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■ Ball point needle
Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch
fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily
occur.
Use the ball point needle for best results when
sewing patterns using monogramming foot “N”.
The factory recommended needle is “HG-4BR”
(Organ). Schmetz needles “JERSEY BALL POINT”
130/705H SUK 90/14 may be used as a substitute.
■ Incorrect needle
If the distance between the needle and the flat
surface is not even, the needle is bent. Do not use
a bent needle.
1
■ Transparent nylon thread
Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle, regardless of the
fabric or thread.
CAUTION
● The appropriate fabric, thread and needle
combinations are shown in the table on the
previous page. If the combination of the
fabric, thread and needle is not correct,
particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such
as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to
75/11), the needle may bend or break. In
addition, the stitching may be uneven or
puckered or there may be skipped stitches.
a Flat surface
Replacing the needle
Replace the needle as described below. Use the
disc-shaped screwdriver and a needle that has been
determined to be straight according to the
instructions in “Checking the needle”.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
a toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with
(needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing
once or
twice.)
Checking the needle
Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous
since the needle may break while the machine is
being operated.
Before using the needle, place the flat side of the
needle on a flat surface and check that the distance
between the needle and the flat surface is even.
or
a Mark
1
2
b
a Flat side
b Needle type marking
■ Correct needle
1
a Flat surface
32
b Needle position button
Turn off the sewing machine.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the needle, be sure to turn
off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the foot controller or the start/
stop button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
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c
Lower the presser foot lever.
With the flat side of the needle toward the
e rear of the machine, insert the needle until it
touches the needle stopper.
1
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● Before replacing the needle, place fabric or
paper under the presser foot to prevent the
needle from falling into the hole in the needle
plate.
a Needle stopper
While holding the needle with your left hand,
f use the disc-shaped screwdriver to tighten the
needle clamp screw by turning it clockwise.
Hold the needle with your left hand, and then
d use a disc-shaped screwdriver to turn the
needle clamp screw counterclockwise to
remove the needle.
Note
● The needle can be removed by simply
loosening the needle clamp screw about
one turn. (If the needle clamp screw is
loosened too much, the needle clamp
(which holds the needle) may fall off.
Therefore, do not loosen the needle clamp
screw too much.)
Install the twin needle in the same way.
CAUTION
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Needle clamp screw
• Do not apply strong force when loosening or
tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise certain parts of the sewing
machine may be damaged.
● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches
the needle stopper and securely tighten the
needle clamp screw with the disc-shaped
screwdriver, otherwise the needle may break
or damage may result.
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Sewing with the twin needle
We have designed your machine so you can sew with this needle and two top threads. You can use the same
color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches.
For details on the stitches that can be sewn with the twin needle, refer to “STITCH SETTINGS” (page 75).
a Twin needle
b Extra spool pin
CAUTION
● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: 131096-121). Other needles
could break, and damage the machine.
● Do not sew with bent needles. The needle could break and injure you.
● You can not use the needle threader to thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the twin needle by hand,
from front to back. Using the needle threader may damage the machine.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to select an appropriate stitch, otherwise the needle may break or
the machine may be damaged.
● Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less, otherwise the needle may break or the machine may
be damaged.
Install the twin needle.
a • For details on installing a needle, refer to
Insert the extra spool pin onto the end of the
d bobbin winder shaft.
“Replacing the needle” (page 32).
a Bobbin winder shaft
b Extra spool pin
c Thread spool
Thread the upper thread for the left needle.
b • For details, refer to steps a through l of
“Upper threading” (page 25).
Manually thread the left needle with the
c upper thread.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
Install the thread spool and thread the upper
e thread.
Memo
● When setting the thread spool, set it so that
the thread winds off from the front of the
spool.
34
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Thread the upper thread for the right side in
f the same way that the upper thread for the
left side was threaded.
Select a stitch.
j • For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting a stitch” (page 39).
• For details on the stitches that can be sewn
with the twin needle, refer to “STITCH
SETTINGS” (page 75).
CAUTION
a Thread guide cover
• For details, refer to step h through k of
“Upper threading” (page 25).
Without passing the thread through the
g needle bar thread guide, manually thread the
right needle.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
Start sewing.
k For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting
to sew” (page 41).
 Two lines of stitching are sewn parallel
to each other.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
h • For details on changing the presser foot, refer
to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 36).
Note
Models equipped with a needle threader
● You cannot use the needle threader to
thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the
twin needle by hand, from front to back.
Using the needle threader may damage the
machine.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach
zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may
break or the machine may be damaged.
i
Turn on the sewing machine.
Note
● When using the twin needle, the stitches
may become bunched together, depending
on the types of thread and fabric that are
used. If this occurs, increase the stitch
length. For details on adjusting the stitch
length, refer to “Adjusting the stitch length
and width” (page 40).
CAUTION
● When changing the sewing direction, be sure
to raise the needle from the fabric, and then
raise the presser foot lever and turn the
fabric. Otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
● Do not try turning the fabric with the twin
needle left down in the fabric, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
35
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REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT
CAUTION
● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. If you leave the power on and step on the
controller, the machine will start and you may be injured.
● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. If you use the wrong presser
foot, the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break, and may cause injury.
● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. Using other any presser feet
may cause an accident or injury.
Replacing the presser foot
Press the black button at the back of the
d presser foot holder to release the presser foot.
Replace the presser foot as described below.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
a toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with
(needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing
once or twice.)
a Black button
b Presser foot holder
or
a Mark
Place a different presser foot below the holder
e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the
b Needle position button
shank in the holder.
Position the presser foot so the letter indicating
the presser foot type (J, A, etc.) is positioned to
be read.
If the sewing machine has been turned on,
b turn it off.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off
the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if
the foot controller or the start/stop button is
accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
36
a Presser foot holder
b Shank
c Pin
Note
● The presser foot to be used with each stitch
appears in the LCD. To select a stitch, refer
to “Selecting a stitch” (page 39).
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Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the
f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the
Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to loosen the
b presser foot holder screw.
presser foot holder.
1
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
■ Attaching the presser foot holder
Align the presser foot holder with the lower-
a left side of the presser bar.
a
b
c
d
Presser foot lever
Presser foot holder
Shank
Pin
 The presser foot is attached.
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
g presser foot is securely attached.
a Presser foot holder
b Presser bar
Hold the presser foot holder in place with your
b right hand, and then tighten the screw using
the disc-shaped screwdriver in your left hand.
Removing the presser foot
holder
Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the
sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that
does not use the presser foot holder, such as the
quilting foot. Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to
remove the presser foot holder.
a
Remove the presser foot.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 36).
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
Note
● If the presser foot holder is not correctly
installed, the thread tension will be incorrect.
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the presser foot
holder screw, otherwise the presser foot
holder may fall off and the needle may strike
it, causing the needle to bend or break.
37
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2 SEWING BASICS
SEWING
Basic sewing operations are described below.
Before operating the sewing machine, read the following precautions.
CAUTION
● While the machine is in operation, pay special attention to the needle location. In addition, keep your
hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel, otherwise injuries may occur.
● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing, otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may
break.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins, otherwise the needle may break or bend.
General sewing procedure
Follow the basic procedures below to sew.
1
Turn on the
machine.
Turn on the sewing machine.
For details on turning on the machine, refer to “Power supply” (page 14).

2
Select the stitch.
Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn.
For details on selecting a stitch, refer to “Selecting a stitch” (page 39).

3
Attach the presser
foot.
Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch.
For details on replacing the presser foot, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 36).

4
38
Start sewing.
Position the fabric, and then start sewing. When sewing is finished, cut the
threads.
For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting to sew” (page 41).
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c
Selecting a stitch
Attach the presser foot indicated in the LCD.
Using the stitch selection keys, select the desired
stitch.
When the sewing machine is turned on, the straight
stitch ( left needle position) is selected.
a
a Presser foot type
Turn on the sewing machine.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 36).
2
Memo
● The presser foot to be used is indicated by
the letter (J, A, etc.) that appears above or
beside the stitch number.
b
Press
(stitch selection keys). The
number of the selected stitch is displayed.
Press the “+” or “–” side of
to increase or
reduce the number by one. Pressing
If necessary, adjust the stitch length and
d width.
• For details on sewing with each of the stitches,
refer to the following example.
on the
right changes the digit on the right and pressing
on the left changes the digit on the left.
 The stitch is selected.
Memo
● The pattern numbers of the stitches are
displayed on the machine.
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Adjusting the stitch length
and width
■ [Example] Selecting stitch
a
Press the “+” or “–” side of
(stitch width
c adjustment key) to increase or reduce the
stitch width.
.
Press the stitch selection keys to select stitch 04.
With
on the right, select “4”, and with
a
b
c
d
on the left, select “0”.
Stitch width
Stitch width adjustment key
Narrow
Wide
Note
Press the “+” or “–” side of
(stitch
b length adjustment key) to increase or reduce
the stitch length.
● When the stitch length or stitch width is
changed from the standard setting,
around
or
disappears from the LCD.
When the stitch length or stitch width is
reset back to the standard setting,
reappears around
or
in the LCD.
CAUTION
a
b
c
d
40
Stitch length
Stitch length adjustment key
Short
Long
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
● If the stitches are bunched together, increase
the stitch length. Continuing to sew with the
stitches bunched together may result in the
needle bending or breaking.
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While holding the end of the thread and the
d fabric with your left hand, turn the handwheel
Starting to sew
toward you (counterclockwise) with your
right hand to lower the needle to the starting
point of the stitching.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
a toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up. (With models equipped
with
(needle position button), raise the
needle by pressing
once or twice.)
2
or
e
a Mark
b
Lower the presser foot lever.
b Needle position button
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
On models equipped with a sewing speed
f controller, slide the sewing speed controller
a Presser foot lever
Place the fabric under the presser foot, pass
c the thread under the presser foot, and then
to the left or right to adjust the sewing speed.
Refer to “Sewing speed controller (for models
equipped with the start/stop button)”
(page 15).
pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread
toward the rear of the machine.
a Sewing speed controller
a 5 cm (2 inches)
Slowly press down on the foot controller.
(start/stop
button), if the foot controller is not connected,
press
once.)
g (With models equipped with
or
aStart/stop button
 The machine starts sewing.
41
SEWING BASICS —
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h
Take your foot off the foot controller, or press
(start/stop button) once (if the machine
was started by pressing
(start/stop button))
(for models equipped with the start/stop
button).
 The machine stops sewing.
■ Sewing reinforcement stitches
When sewing stitches other than straight or zigzag
stitches that are secured with reverse stitching,
pressing
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
sews reinforcement stitches, 3 to 5 stitches on top
of each other.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
i toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with
(needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing
once or
twice.)
This procedure is not necessary if the
needle stop position has been set to the
raised position (page 15).
j
Raise the presser foot lever.
Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine,
k and then pass the threads upward from below
through the thread cutter to cut them.
1
a Thread cutter
Memo
● When the foot controller is plugged in, start/
stop button cannot be used to start sewing
(for models equipped with the start/stop
button).
● When sewing is stopped, the needle remains
lowered (in the fabric). The machine can be
set so that the needle will stay up when
sewing is stopped. For details on setting the
machine so that the needles stay up when
sewing is stopped, refer to “Changing the
needle stop position” (page 15).
42
a Reverse stitching
b Reinforcement stitching
Memo
● Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement
stitches are sewn depends on the stitch that
is selected. For details, refer to “STITCH
SETTINGS” (page 75).
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Memo
Thread tension
● When you finish sewing, remove the
bobbin cover and then make sure that the
thread is shown as below. If the thread is
not shown as below, the thread is not
inserted through the tension-adjusting
spring of the bobbin case correctly. Reinsert
the thread correctly. For details, refer to
page 22, 23.
The thread tension will affect the quality of your
stitches. You may need to adjust it when you change
fabric or thread.
Memo
● We recommend that you do a test sample
on scrap of a fabric before you start to sew.
■ Correct tension
Correct tension is important as too much or too
little tension will weaken your seams or cause
puckers on your fabric.
1
a
b
c
d
2
Wrong side
Surface
Upper thread
Lower thread
3
4
■ Upper tension is too tight
Loops will appear on the surface of the fabric.
■ Upper tension is too loose
Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric.
Note
Note
● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too tight.
In this case, refer to “Lower threading”
(page 22) and rethread the bobbin thread.
● If the upper thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too
loose. In this case, refer to “Upper
threading” (page 25) and rethread the upper
thread.
1
a
b
c
d
e
2
3
5
Wrong side
Surface
Upper thread
Lower thread
Loops appear on
surface of fabric
5
1
a
b
c
d
e
2
4
Solution
Reduce the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a lower number.
5
4
3
3
Wrong side
Surface
Upper thread
Lower thread
Loops appear on
wrong side of
fabric
4
Solution
Increase the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a higher number.
5
4
3
43
2
SEWING BASICS —
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USEFUL SEWING TIPS
Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. Refer to these tips when
sewing your project.
Trial sewing
After you select a stitch, the machine automatically
sets the stitch width and length for the stitch that is
selected.
However, a trial piece of fabric should be sewn since,
depending on the type of fabric and stitching being
sewn, the desired results may not be achieved.
For the trial sewing, use a piece of fabric and thread
that are the same as those used for your project, and
check the thread tension and stitch length and width.
Since the results differ depending on the type of
stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn,
perform the trial sewing under the same conditions
that will be used with your project.
Changing the sewing
direction
Lower the presser foot lever and continue
c sewing.
Sewing curves
Stop sewing, and then slightly change the sewing
direction to sew around the curve.
When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag
stitch, select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain
a finer stitch.
When the stitching reaches a corner, stop the
a sewing machine.
Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the
needle was raised, lower the needle either by
turning the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) or by pressing
(needle
position button) once (for models equipped
with the needle position button).
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to raise
the needle before changing the sewing
direction. If the fabric is turned while the
needle is lowered, the needle may bend or
break.
Raise the presser foot lever, and then turn the
b fabric.
Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.
44
Sewing thick fabrics
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot
If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser
foot, raise the presser foot lever even higher to
bring the presser foot to its highest position.
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■ If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric does
not feed at the beginning of stitching
The fabric may not feed when thick seams are
being sewn and the presser foot is not level, as
shown below. In this case, use the presser foot
locking pin (black button on the left side of zigzag
foot “J”) so that the presser foot remains level
while sewing, allowing the fabric to be fed
smoothly.
CAUTION
● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inch) thick is
sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much
force, the needle may bend or break.
Sewing hook-and-loop
fastener
a Sewing direction
a
Raise the presser foot lever.
Align the beginning of stitching, and then
b position the fabric.
While holding zigzag foot “J” level, hold the
c presser foot locking pin (black button on the
left side) pressed in, and lower the presser
foot lever.
2
CAUTION
● Use only the ungummed hook-and-loop
fastener which is for sewing. If the glue is
attached to the needle or the bobbin hook
race, it may cause malfunction.
● If the hook-and-loop fastener is sewn with the
thin needle (65/9 – 75/11), the needle may
bend or break.
Note
● Before start sewing, baste together the fabric
and the hook-and-loop fastener.
a Presser foot locking pin (black button)
Make sure that the needle passes through the hookand-loop fastener by turning the handwheel and
lower the needle into the hook-and-loop fastener
before sewing. And then, sew the edge of the hookand-loop fastener at a slow speed.
If the needle does not pass through the hook-andloop fastener, replace the needle with the needle for
thick fabrics (page 31).
Release the presser foot locking pin (black
d button).
 The presser foot remains level, allowing
the fabric to be fed.
a Edge of the hook-and-loop fastener
• After the seam is sewn, the presser foot will
return to its original angle.
45
SEWING BASICS —
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Sewing thin fabrics
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. If
this occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material
under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric.
When you have finished sewing, tear off any excess
paper.
Stitching cylindrical pieces
Removing the flat bed attachment makes it easier to
sew cylindrical pieces such as cuffs and pant legs, or
hard-to-reach areas.
Pull the flat bed attachment to the left to
a release it.
a Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then
sew without stretching the fabric.
a Flat bed attachment
 With the flat bed attachment removed,
free-arm sewing is possible.
• When sewing cylindrical pieces, follow the
next step.
Note
a Basting
● When you are finished with free-arm
sewing, install the flat bed attachment back
in its original position.
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
b arm, and then sew from the top.
46
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3 UTILITY STITCHES
OVERCASTING STITCHES
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
80 stitches
model
Walking Foot
90 stitches
model
Application
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
100 stitches
model
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
You can use the overcasting stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. They are also
useful for sewing stretch materials.
Zigzag stitch
J
04
04
04
04
04
04
04
Overcasting and attaching appliqués
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
**
*
Yes
Yes
(J)
Rev.
3-point zigzag stitch
J
05
05
05
05
05
05
05
Overcasting on medium
weight or stretch fabrics, attaching elastic,
darning, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes No
(J)
Rfc.
G
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
Overcasting on thin or
medium weight fabrics
3.5 (1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.0 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
G
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
Overcasting on thick
fabrics
5.0 (3/16)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
08
08
08
08
08
08
08
Overcasting on stretch
fabrics
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
**
Yes No
(J)
Rfc.
J
09
09
09
-
-
-
-
Overcasting on thick or
stretch fabrics
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
**
Yes No
(J)
Rfc.
Overcasting
stitch
*Do not use reverse stitching.
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Using zigzag foot
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select a stitch.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 39).
c
Sew with the edge of the fabric.
a Needle drop point
47
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Using overcasting foot
a
Attach overcasting foot “G”.
b
Select stitch
or
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 39).
Position the fabric with the edge of the fabric
c against the guide of the presser foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
a Guide
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
d (counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot.
Sew with the edge of the fabric against the
e presser foot guide.
1
a Needle drop point
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
a Check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot.
48
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BASIC STITCHING
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
00
00
00
00
00
00
Basic stitching, sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
0.0 (0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
Yes
Center
J
01
01
01
01
01
01
Attaching zippers, basic
01 stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
Yes
02
Attaching sleeves, sewing inseams, sewing
02 stretch fabrics and decorative stitching
0.0 (0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Triple
stretch stitch
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
00
Presser Foot
J
Pattern
Left
Stitch Name
Straight
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
J
02
02
02
02
*Do not use reverse stitching.
02
Application
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Three stitches are available for basic stitching.
*
*
Rev.
Rev.
Rfc.
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Basic stitching
a
Baste or pin together the fabric pieces.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select a stitch.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 39).
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
d beginning of the stitching.
e
Start sewing.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 41).
• For details on sewing reverse/reinforcement
stitches, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 42).
f
When sewing is finished, cut the thread.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 41).
■ Changing the needle position
With the straight stitch (left needle position) and
the triple stretch stitch, the needle position can be
adjusted. Pressing the “+” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the right;
pressing the “–” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the left.
a
b
c
d
Stitch width
Stitch width adjustment key
Left needle position
Right needle position
49
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BLIND HEM STITCHING
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
R
10
10
10
09
09
09
09
Blind hem stitching on
medium weight fabrics
0 (0)
-3 3
2.0 (1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
Rfc.
R
11
11
11
10
10
10
10
Blind hem stitching on
stretch fabrics
0 (0)
-3 3
2.0 (1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
Rfc.
Pattern No.
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
mod
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project, like the hem of a pair of trousers, without the stitch showing.
Application
Blind hem
stitch
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Memo
● When selecting stitch
or
. Stitch numbers “0”, “-1”, “-2” or “-3” may be displayed on the LCD by
pressing “-” side of the stitch width adjustment key, then the needle drop point will be changed to the
left. Stitch numbers “0”, “1”, “2” or “3” may be displayed on the LCD by pressing “+” side of the stitch
width adjustment key, then the needle drop point will be changed to the right.
● When the size of cylindrical pieces is too small to slide onto the arm or the length is too short, the
fabric will not feed and desired results may not be achieved.
a
Reverse the skirt or pants.
Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the
b hem, and press.
2
1
4
3
a
b
c
d
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Edge of fabric
Bottom side
a
b
c
4 d
2
1
1
1
3
2
<Thick fabric>
2
<Normal fabric>
3
<Seen
50
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of Fabric
Edge of fabric
Desired edge of hem
from the side>
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Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm
c (3/16 inch) from the edge of the fabric, and
then baste it.
and then start sewing.
6
5
3
1
a
b
c
d
4 e
f
2
1
2
1
2
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Edge of fabric
Desired edge of hem
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Basting
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
d
Fold back the fabric inside along the basting.
5
3
4
6
2
1
1
7
1
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
Unfold the edge of fabric, and position the
e fabric with the wrong side facing up.
3
1
1
6
a
b
c
d
e
f
1
then lower the presser foot lever.
R
a Wrong side of fabric
b Fold of hem
c Guide
Adjust the stitch width until the needle
k slightly catches the fold of the hem.
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Edge of fabric
Desired edge of hem
Basting point
Basting
1
5
2
Position the fabric with the edge of the folded
j hem against the guide of the presser foot, and
<Thick fabric>
<Seen from the side>
4
a Arm
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Edge of fabric
Desired edge of hem
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Basting
Basting point
<Normal fabric>
1
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
i arm, make sure that the fabric feeds correctly,
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
R
a Needle drop point
When you change the needle drop point, raise
the needle, and then change the stitch width.
Stitch width
<Seen from the side>
f
Attach blind hem foot “R”.
g
Select a stitch.
Remove the flat bed attachment and make
h free-arm sewing possible.
• For details on free-arm sewing, refer to
“Stitching cylindrical pieces” (page 46).
a Thick fabric
b Normal fabric
51
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■ If the needle catches too much of the hem fold
If the needle catches too much of the hem fold,
adjust the stitch width so that the needle slightly
catches the fold by pressing the “+” side of the
stitch width adjustment key.
■ If the needle does not catch the hem fold
If the needle does not catch the hem fold, adjust
the stitch width so that the needle slightly catches
the fold by pressing the “-” side of the stitch width
adjustment key.
<Thick fabric>
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Normal fabric>
1
a Wrong side of fabric
2
b Right side of fabric
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
• For details on changing the stitch width,
refer to “Selecting a stitch” (page 39).
Sew with the fold of the hem against the
l presser foot guide.
Remove the basting stitching and turn the
m fabric right side up.
1
a Wrong side of fabric
52
2
b Right side of fabric
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BUTTONHOLE SEWING
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
34
34
34
29
29
29
Horizontal buttonholes
25 on thin and medium
weight fabrics
5.0 (3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5 (1/32)
0.2-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
35
35
35
30
30
30
Secured buttoholes for
26 fabrics that have backings
5.0 (3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5 (1/32)
0.2–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
36
36
36
31
31
31
27
6.0 (15/64) 1.0 (1/16)
3.0–6.0
0.5–2.0
(1/8-15/64) (1/32-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
37
37
37
32
32
32
Buttonholes for stretch
28 fabrics
6.0 (15/64)
3.0–6.0
(1/8-15/64)
1.5 (1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
38
38
38
–
–
–
Bound buttonholes
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–6.0
(0–15/64)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64-3/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
39
39
39
33
33
33
buttonholes for
29 Keyhole
thick or furry fabrics
7.0 (1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
40
40
40
34
34
–
–
Keyhole buttonholes for
medium weight and thick
fabrics
7.0 (1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
41
41
41
35
35
–
–
Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
7.0 (1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
J
46
46
46
40
40
–
–
Appliqué quilting, freemotion quilting, satin
stitching, button sewing
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.0-4.0
(0-3/16)
No
Yes
Presser Foot
A
Application
Buttonholes for stretch or
knit fabrics
Buttonhole
stitch
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on.
–
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rfc.
*Auto Reinf.: Automatic Reinforcement
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
The maximum buttonhole length is about 28 mm (1-1/8 inches) (diameter + thickness of the button).
Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back, as shown below.
1
1
1
1
a Reinforcement stitching
53
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”, which is
used for sewing buttonholes, are indicated below.
1
■ If the button does not fit in the button guide
plate
Add together the diameter and thickness of
the button, and then set the button guide
plate to the calculated length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot
scale is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
2
1
5
3
2
4
3
A
a
b
c
d
e
a Presser foot scale
b Length of buttonhole
(Diameter + thickness of button)
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Button guide plate
Presser foot scale
Pin
Marks on buttonhole foot
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Use chalk to mark the position and length of
a the buttonhole on the fabric.
Example: For a button with a diameter of 15 mm
(9/16 inch) and a thickness of 10 mm (3/8 inch),
the button guide plate should be set to 25 mm
(1 inch) on the scale.
2
1
1
2
a 10 mm (3/8 inch)
b 15 mm (9/16 inch)
a Marks on fabric
b Buttonhole sewing
A
Pull out the button guide plate of buttonhole
b foot “A”, and then insert the button that will
be put through the buttonhole.
 The size of the buttonhole is set.
54
c
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
d
Select a stitch.
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
e in the presser foot.
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Position the fabric with the front end of the
f buttonhole mark aligned with the red marks
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
h your left hand, and then start sewing.
on the sides of the buttonhole foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
1
2
A
2
a Mark on fabric
b Red marks on buttonhole foot
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
buttonhole will not be sewn with the correct
size.
Note
● If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric
does not feed, sew with the coarser (longer)
stitch.
3
 Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
Raise the needle and the presser foot lever,
i remove the fabric, and cut the thread.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
j position.
a Do not reduce the gap.
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
g possible.
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
55
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole
k stitching to prevent the stitching from being
cut, and then use a seam ripper to cut towards
the pin and open the buttonhole.
2
■ Sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics
When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics, use a
gimp thread.
Hook the gimp thread onto the part of
a buttonhole foot “A” shown in the illustration
so that it fits into the grooves, and then
loosely tie it.
1
a Seam ripper
b Pin
For keyhole buttonholes, use a commercial
eyelet punch to make a hole in the rounded
end of the buttonhole, and then use the seam
ripper to cut open the buttonhole.
1
a Eyelet punch
• When using the eyelet punch, place thick
paper or some other protective sheet under
the fabric before punching the hole in the
fabric.
CAUTION
b
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
c
Select a stitch
or
.
Adjust the stitch width to the thickness of the
d gimp thread.
Lower the presser foot lever and the
e buttonhole lever, and then start sewing.
When sewing is finished, gently pull the gimp
f thread to remove any slack.
● When opening the buttonhole with the seam
ripper, do not place your hands in the cutting
path, otherwise injuries may result if the seam
ripper slips. Do not use the seam ripper in any
other way than how it is intended.
Memo
● Before sewing buttonholes, check the stitch
length and width by sewing a trial
buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric.
Use a handsewing needle to pull the gimp
g thread to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it.
With a seam ripper, cut the middle part of the
h gimp thread remaining at the top end of the
buttonhole.
Trim off any excess of the gimp thread.
56
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—
Place a button between the presser foot and
d the fabric.
Button sewing
Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.
Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached.
Measure the distance between the holes in the
a button to be attached.
• When attaching four-hole buttons, first sew
the two holes closest to you. Then, slide the
button so that the needle goes into the two
holes toward the rear of the sewing machine,
and then sew them in the same way.
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide the
b feed dog position lever, located at the rear of
3
the machine on the base, to
(to the right
as seen from the front of the machine).
e
Select a stitch
with stitch
. (With models not provided
, select stitch
.)
Adjust the stitch width so that it is the same as
f the distance between the holes in the button.
Set the stitch length to the shortest setting by
g pressing the stitch length adjustment key.
a Feed dog position lever
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
 The feed dogs are lowered.
c
Attach presser foot “M”.
1
a Button fitting foot “M”
57
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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—
——
Turn the handwheel toward you
h (counterclockwise) to check that the needle
correctly goes into the two holes of the
button.
Adjust the stitch width to the distance between
the button holes.
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch the button, otherwise the needle
may bend or break.
i
Start sewing.
• After sewing for about 10 seconds at low
speed, press
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button) to sew reinforcement stitches.
Pull the upper thread at the end of the
j stitching to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it with the bobbin thread.
Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the
bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching.
When you are finished attaching the button,
(to
the left as seen from the front of the machine)
and turn the handwheel to raise the dogs.
k slide the feed dog position lever to
• Normally, the feed dog position lever is
positioned at
.
58
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ZIPPER INSERTION
01
01
01
*Do not use reverse stitching.
01
01
Attaching zippers, basic
01 stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
Yes
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
01
Application
Walking Foot
I
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
Twin Needle
Straight
stitch
(center)
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
You can use the zipper foot to sew different types of zippers, and can easily position it to the right or left side of
the needle.
*
Rev.
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
3
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
a
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
Place the two pieces of fabric with their right
b sides facing each other.
Open the seam allowance, press it from the
d wrong side of the fabric with an iron, align the
center of the zipper with the stitching, and
then baste the zipper in place.
Sew basic stitches to the end of the zipper
c opening, and then sew reverse stitches at the
end of the stitching.
• Use basting stitching to sew the zipper
opening (where the zipper will be inserted).
a Wrong side of fabric
a
b
c
d
Basting stitching
Reverse stitches
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
• Refer to “Basic stitching” on page 49.
b Wrong side of fabric
c Basting stitching
d Zipper
59
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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Attach the presser foot holder to the right side
e of the pin on zipper foot “I”.
I
CAUTION
● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper
during sewing. If the needle hits the zipper,
the needle may break and you may be injured.
Memo
a Pin on the right side
b Needle drop point
f
Select stitch
.
CAUTION
● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the
needle does not hit the presser foot before
you start sewing. If you choose a different
stitch, the needle will hit the presser foot and
break the needle. You may also be injured.
● If the presser foot contacts the zipper slider,
leave the needle lowered (in the fabric) and
raise the presser foot. After moving the
slider so it will not contact the presser foot,
lower the presser foot and continue sewing.
● To sew with the zipper on the left side of the
presser foot, attach the presser foot holder
to the left side of the pin on zipper foot “I”
in step e.
I
With the right side of the fabric facing up,
g continue sewing with the zipper on the right
side of the presser foot.
a Left side of the pin
b Needle drop point
When you have finished sewing, remove the
h basting stitching.
a
b
c
d
Stitching
Right side of fabric
Basting stitching
End of zipper opening
Sew the stitching in order, from a to c.
60
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SEWING STRETCH FABRICS AND ELASTIC TAPE
Stretch fabrics can be sewn and elastic tape can be attached.
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
J
03
03
03
03
03
03
03
Sewing stretch fabrics
and decorative stitching
1.0 (1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
3-point
zigzag stitch
J
05
05
05
05
05
05
05
Overcasting on medium
weight or stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic, darning, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Attaching elastic to
stretch fabrics
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Elasticattaching
stitch
J
100 stitches
mode
90 stitches
mode
80 stitches
mode
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Presser Foot
Stretch stitch
Stitch Name
Pattern
Twin Needle
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
21
21
21
-
-
-
-
Application
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
*Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Observe the corresponding precautions when performing each of the following stitching operations.
Stretch stitching
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch
c
Sew the fabric without stretching it.
.
Elastic attaching
When elastic tape is attached to the cuff or waist of a
piece of clothing, the finished dimensions will be that
of the stretched elastic tape. Therefore, it is necessary
that a suitable length of the elastic tape be used.
Pin the elastic tape to the wrong side of the
a fabric.
Pin the elastic tape to the fabric at a few points
to make sure that the tape is uniformly
positioned on the fabric.
1
2
a Elastic tape
b Pin
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select a stitch.
61
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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—
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Sew the elastic tape to the fabric while
d stretching the tape so that it is the same length
as the fabric.
While pulling the fabric behind the presser foot
with your left hand, pull the fabric at the pin
nearest the front of the presser foot with your
right hand.
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch any pins, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
62
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APPLIQUÉ, PATCHWORK AND QUILT STITCHING
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Walking Foot
04
04
04
04
04
04
04
Overcasting and attaching appliqués
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
Yes
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
J
46
46
46
40
40
-
-
Appliqué quilting, freemotion quilting, satin
stitching
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
3.5 (1/8)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.6–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Appliqué
stitch
100 stitches
mode
90 stitches
mode
80 stitches
mode
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
J
Presser Foot
Zigzag stitch
Stitch Name
Pattern
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
The stitches that can be used for sewing appliqués, patchwork and quilts are described below.
Application
11 Appliqué stitching
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
*
Rev.
J
12
12
12
11
11
11
J
47
47
47
41
41
-
-
Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5 (1/16)
0.5–3.5
(1/32–1/8)
1.8 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
48
48
48
42
42
-
-
Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5 (1/16)
0.5–3.5
(1/32–1/8)
1.8 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
43
43
43
37
37
-
-
5.5 (7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
J
44
44
44
38
38
-
-
1.5 (1/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
J
15
15
15
14
14
14
14 Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
16
16
16
15
15
15
Patchwork stitching, decorative stitching and sew- 5.0 (3/16)
15 ing overcasting on both
2.5–7.0
pieces of fabrics, such as (3/32–1/4)
with tricot
2.5 (3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
17
17
17
16
16
16
16 Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Hand-look
quilting
J
45
45
45
39
39
35
stitch quilting
31 Straight
that looks hand-sewn
0.0 (0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
Quilting
stippling
J
49
49
49
43
43
-
7.0 (1/4)
1.0–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
Appliqué
stitch
(for quilting)
Piecing
straight
stitch
Joining stitch
*Do not use reverse stitching.
-
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the right
edge of the presser foot)
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the left
edge of the presser foot)
Quilting background
stitching (stippling)
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
63
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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e
Appliqués
You can create an appliqué by cutting a different
piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a
decoration.
a
Memo
● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the
beginning and the end of stitching.
Baste the cut design to the fabric.
CAUTION
● If glue is used to hold the cut design in place
on the fabric, do not apply glue to areas that
will be sewn with the machine. If glue is
attached to the needle or race, the machine
may be damaged.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch
Remove the basting, if necessary.
CAUTION
● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin
during sewing, as the needle can break. You
may also be injured.
Patchwork (crazy quilt)
stitching
Fold the edge of the top piece of fabric and
.
a place it over the lower piece.
Sew the two pieces of fabric together so the
b pattern spans both pieces.
Sew along the edge of the fabric with the
d needle dropping off the edge at the right.
Piecing
Sewing together two pieces of fabric is called
“piecing”. The fabric pieces should be cut with a
6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance.
Sew a piecing straight stitch 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) from
either the right side or the left side of the presser foot.
a Appliqué fabric
b Needle drop point
64
Baste or pin along the seam allowance of the
a fabric that you wish to piece together.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch
or
.
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—
Sew with the side of the presser foot aligned
d with the edge of the fabric.
■ For a seam allowance on the right side
Align the right side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch
a
Baste the fabric to be quilted.
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
b holder.
.
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 37).
1
Hook the connecting fork of the walking foot
c onto the needle clamp screw, lower the
presser foot lever, and then use the presser
foot holder screw to attach the walking foot
to the presser bar.
a 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
3
■ For a seam allowance on the left side
Align the left side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch
.
1
a Connecting fork
b Needle clamp screw
c Presser foot holder screw
CAUTION
a 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
Memo
● To change the width of the seam allowance
(the needle position), adjust the stitch width.
For details, refer to “Changing the needle
position” (page 49).
Quilting
Sandwiching batting between the top and bottom
layers of fabric is called “quilting”. Quilts can easily
be sewn using the optional walking foot and the
optional quilting guide.
● Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to tighten
the screw securely. If the screw is loose, the
needle may strike the presser foot and cause
injury.
● Be sure to turn the handwheel toward the
front of the machine to check that the needle
does not strike the presser foot. If the needle
strikes the presser foot, injury may result.
d
Select stitch
,
or
.
Place one hand on each side of the presser
e foot, and then evenly guide the fabric while
sewing.
Note
● Only use the walking foot with straight or
zigzag stitches. Do not use other patterns.
Reverse stitches cannot be sewn with the
walking foot.
Models equipped with a needle threader
● Thread the needle manually when using the
walking foot, or only attach the walking foot
after threading the needle using the needle
threader.
Note
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
65
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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—
——
■ Using the optional quilting guide
Use the quilting guide to sew parallel stitches that
are equally spaced.
Free-motion quilting
With free-motion quilting, the feed dogs can be
lowered (using the feed dog position lever) so that
the fabric can be moved freely in any direction.
The optional quilting foot is needed for free-motion
quilting.
Insert the stem of the quilting guide into the
a hole at the rear of the walking foot or presser
foot holder.
 Walking foot
Note
 Presser foot holder
Models equipped with a needle threader
● Thread the needle manually when using the
quilting foot, or only attach the quilting foot
after threading the needle using the needle
threader.
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
a holder.
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 37).
Adjust the stem of the quilting guide so that
b the guide aligns with the seam that has
already been sewn.
Align the quilting foot with the lower-left side
b of the presser bar.
The pin on the quilting foot should be
positioned over the needle clamp screw.
a Pin on quilting foot
b Presser foot holder screw
c Needle clamp screw
66
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—
Hold the quilting foot in place with your right
c hand, and then tighten the presser foot holder
screw using the disc-shaped screwdriver in
your left hand.
Use both hands to hold the fabric taut, then
f move the fabric to follow the pattern.
Reinforcement stitches are sewn at the
beginning and end of sewing.
a Presser foot holder screw
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the screws with
the disc-shaped screwdriver, otherwise the
needle may touch the presser foot, causing it
to bend or break.
Slide the feed dog position lever, located at the
(to
the right as seen from the front of the machine).
d rear of the machine on the base, to
a Pattern
After sewing is finished, slide the feed dog
(to the left as seen from
the front of the machine) and turn the
handwheel to raise the dogs.
g position lever to
• Normally, the feed dog position lever is
positioned at
.
a Feed dog position lever
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
 The feed dogs are lowered.
Turn on the sewing machine, and then select a
e stitch.
67
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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REINFORCEMENT STITCHING
J
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
Bar tack
stitch
A
42
42
42
36
36
34
Reinforcing openings
30 and areas where the
seam easily comes loose
*Auto Reinf.: Automatic Reinforcement
Auto
Manual
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Attaching sleeves, sewing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and decorative stitching
Triple
stretch stitch
Auto
Manual
Walking Foot
Application
Twin Needle
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Reinforce points that will be subject to strain, such as sleeve holes, inseams and pocket corners.
0.0 (0)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
2.0 (1/16)
1.0-3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4 (1/64)
0.3-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
*
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Triple stretch stitching
Determine the desired length of the bar tack.
a Set the button guide plate on buttonhole foot
“A” to the desired length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot scale
is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
Use triple stretch stitching to reinforce sleeve holes
and inseams.
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch
c
Start sewing.
1
.
2
3
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 41).
a Presser foot scale
b Length of bar tack
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Bar tack stitching
Bar tacks are used to reinforce points subject to
strain, such as pocket corners and openings.
As an example, the procedure for sewing bar tacks at
pocket corners is described below.
68
• A bar tack with a maximum length of about
28 mm (1-1/8 inches) can be sewn.
b
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
c
Select stitch
.
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—
Position the fabric so that the opening of the
d pocket faces toward you, and then lower the
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
e possible.
presser foot lever so that the needle drops
2 mm (1/16 inch) in front of the pocket
opening.
a Buttonhole lever
1
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
a 2 mm (1/16 inch)
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
in the presser foot.
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
bar tack will not be sewn with the correct
size.
3
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
f your left hand, and then start sewing.
a Do not reduce the gap.
 Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
Raise the needle and the presser foot lever,
g remove the fabric, and cut the thread.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
h position.
Memo
● If the fabric does not feed, for example,
because it is too thick, increase the stitch
length. For details, refer to “Selecting a
stitch” (page 39).
69
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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DECORATIVE STITCHING
Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine.
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
J
19
19
19
17
17
17
17
Fagoting, smocking and
decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
20
20
20
18
18
18
18
Fagoting, smocking and
decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
15
15
15
14
14
14
14 Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.2 (1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
16
16
16
15
15
15
Patchwork stitching, decorative stitching and sewing
15 overcasting on both pieces
of fabrics, such as with tricot
5.0 (3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
17
17
17
16
16
16
stitching and
16 Patchwork
decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.2 (1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Shell tuck
stitch
J
13
13
13
12
12
12
12 Sell tuck stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Smocking
stitch
J
18
18
18
-
-
-
5.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Satin scallop
stitch
N
14
14
14
13
13
13
13 Scallop stitching
5.0 (3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.1-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
22
22
22
19
19
19
19 Decorative stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
3.0 (1/8)
2.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
23
23
23
20
20
20
20 Decorative stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
24
24
24
21
21
21
Decorative stitching
5.5 (7/32)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
25
25
25
22
22
22
21 Decorative stitching and
elastic-attaching
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/64-1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
*
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
26
26
26
23
23
23
Lace sewing, decorative
22 hemming, heirloom
stitching, etc.
3.5 (1/8)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.6-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
27
27
27
24
24
24
23 Decorative hemming,
heirloom stitching, etc.
6.0 (15/64) 3.0 (1/8)
1.5-7.0
1.5-4.0
(1/16-1/4) (1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
28
28
28
25
25
25
3.5 (1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
29
29
29
26
26
26
4.0 (3/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
30
30
30
27
27
27
2.5 (3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Pattern No.
Application
Fagoting
stitch
Joining stitch
Decorative
stitch
-
–
Smocking stitching and
decorative stitching
Auto
Manual
Decorative hemming on 5.0 (3/16)
thin, medium weight and
1.5-7.0
plain weave fabrics, heir(1/16-1/4)
loom stitching, etc.
Decorative hemming on 5.0 (3/16)
medium weight and
24 thin,
1.5-7.0
plain weave fabrics, heir(1/16-1/4)
loom stitching, etc.
Decorative hemming on 5.0 (3/16)
thin, medium weight and
– plain weave fabrics, heir1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
loom stitching, etc.
–
*Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
70
Auto
Manual
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——
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——
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——
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——
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——
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——
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——
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——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
—
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
2.0 (1/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
Decorative stitching,
smocking stitching, heirloom stitching, etc.
6.0 (15/64) 1.6 (1/16)
1.5-7.0
1.0-4.0
(1/16-1/4) (1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
Decorative stitching,
smocking stitching, heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
No
No
Rfc.
Decorative
stitch
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Pattern No.
Application
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
N
31
31
31
28
28
28
–
Decorative hemming on 5.0 (3/16)
thin, medium weight and
1.5-7.0
plain weave fabrics, heir(1/16-1/4)
loom stitching, etc.
N
32
32
32
–
–
–
–
N
33
33
33
–
–
–
–
1.6 (1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
3
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
e
Fagoting
Stitching across an open seam is called “fagoting”. It
is used on blouses and children's clothing. This stitch
is more decorative when thicker thread is used.
Set the stitch width to 7.0 mm (1/4 inch).
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 39).
Sew with the center of the presser foot
f aligned along the center of the two pieces of
fabric.
Use an iron to fold the two pieces of fabric
a along their seams.
Baste the two pieces of fabric, separated by
b about 4.0 mm (3/16 inch), onto thin paper or
a sheet of water-soluble stabilizer.
• If you draw a line down the middle of the
thin paper or water-soluble stabilizer,
sewing is easier.
3
1
2
a Thin paper or water soluble stabilizer
b Basting stitching
c 4 mm (3/16 inch)
c
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
d
Select stitch
or
g
After sewing is finished, remove the paper.
.
71
UTILITY STITCHES ——
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——
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——
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——
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——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
—
——
Scallop stitching
Sew parallel stitching at intervals of 10 mm
c (3/8 inch).
1
The wave-shaped repeating pattern that looks like
shells is called “scalloping”. It is used on the collars
of blouses and to decorate the edges of
handkerchiefs.
a
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
b
Select stitch
Stitch along the edge of the fabric, making
c sure not to sew directly on the edge of the
fabric.
• For better results, apply spray starch onto the
fabric and press with a hot iron before it is
sewn.
d
a 10 mm (3/8 inch)
.
Trim along the stitches.
• Do not sew reverse/reinforcement stitches or
cut the thread.
Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers.
d Smooth the gathers by ironing them.
e
Select stitch
or
.
f
Stitch between the straight stitches.
g
Pull out the threads for the straight stitches.
• Be careful not to cut the stitches.
Smocking
The decorative stitch created by stitching or
embroidering over gathers is called “smocking”. It is
used to decorate the front of blouses or cuffs.
The smocking stitch adds texture and elasticity to
fabric.
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
Select the straight stitch, and then adjust the
b stitch length to 4.0 mm (3/16 inch) and loosen
the thread tension.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 39) and “Thread tension” (page 43).
72
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——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
—
Shell tuck stitching
Joining
The gathers that look like shells are called “shell
tucks”. They are used to decorate trims, the front of
blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics.
a
Fold the fabric along the bias.
Decorative bridging stitches can be sewn over the
seam allowance of joined fabrics. This is used when
making a crazy quilt.
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
Sew together the right sides of the two pieces
b of fabric, and then open up the seam
allowances.
2
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch
tension.
3
1
1
, and then increase the thread
3
a Wrong side of fabric
b 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance
c Straight stitch
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 39).
Sew while making sure that the needle drops
d slightly off the edge of the fabric.
c
Select stitch
,
or
.
Turn the fabric over so that the right side
d faces up, and then sew over the seam with the
1
center of the presser foot aligned with the
seam.
a Right side of fabric
a Needle drop point
Unfold the fabric, and then iron the tucks
e down to one side.
73
UTILITY STITCHES ——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
—
——
Heirloom stitching
When sewing with the wing needle, the needle holes
are enlarged, creating a lace-like decorative stitch.
This is used to decorate hems and tablecloths on thin
or medium weight fabrics in addition to plain weave
fabrics.
CAUTION
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
wing needle, otherwise the sewing machine
may be damaged. Manually pass the thread
through the eye of the needle from the front
to the back. For details, refer to “Upper
threading” (page 25).
a
Insert the wing needle.
• Use a 130/705H 100/16 wing needle.
• For details on inserting a needle, refer to
“Replacing the needle” (page 32).
b
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
c
Select stitch
,
,
,
,
,
,
or
CAUTION
● Select a stitch width of 6.0 mm (15/64 inch)
or less, otherwise the needle may bend or
break.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
d
74
Start sewing.
.
—
—
—
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
—
4 APPENDIX
STITCH SETTINGS
Applications, stitch lengths and widths and whether the twin needle can be used are listed for utility and mirror
image stitches in the following table.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less, otherwise the needle
may break or the machine may be damaged.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Walking Foot
00
00
00
00
00
00
Basic stitching, sewing
00 gathers or pintucks, etc.
0.0 (0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
Yes
Center
J
01
01
01
01
01
01
Attaching zippers, basic
01 stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
Triple
stretch stitch
J
02
02
02
02
02
02
Attaching sleeves,
inseams, sewing
02 sewing
stretch fabrics and
decorative stitching
0.0 (0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Stretch stitch
J
03
03
03
03
03
03
Sewing stretch fabrics
03 and decorative stitching
1.0 (1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Zigzag stitch
J
04
04
04
04
04
04
04 Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
3-point zigzag stitch
J
05
05
05
05
05
05
Overcasting on medium
05 weight or stretch
fabrics, attaching
elastic, darning, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
G
06
06
06
06
06
06
on thin or
06 Overcasting
medium weight fabrics
3.5 (1/8)
2.0 (1/16)
2.5–5.0
1.0–4.0
(3/32–3/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
G
07
07
07
07
07
07
Overcasting on thick
07 fabrics
5.0 (3/16) 2.5 (3/32)
2.5–5.0
1.0–4.0
(3/32–3/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
08
08
08
08
08
08
08 Overcasting on stretch
fabrics
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
09
09
09
-
-
-
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Straight
Presser Foot
J
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Left
Stitch Name
Pattern
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Utility stitches
Application
Overcasting
stitch
*Do not use reverse stitching.
-
Overcasting on thick or
stretch fabrics
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
Yes
Yes
*
*
*
Rev.
Rev.
Rev.
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
75
4
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
10
10
10
09
09
09
09
Blind hem stitching on
medium weight fabrics
0 (0)
-3 3
2.0 (1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
Rfc.
R
11
11
11
10
10
10
10
Blind hem stitching on
stretch fabrics
0 (0)
-3 3
2.0 (1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
Rfc.
Appliqué
stitch
J
12
12
12
11
11
11
11 Appliqué stitching
3.5 (1/8)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.6–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Shell tuck
stitch
J
13
13
13
12
12
12
12 Shell tuck stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Satin scallop
stitch
N
14
14
14
13
13
13
13 Scallop stitching
5.0 (3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.1-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
15
15
15
14
14
14
14 Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
5.0 (3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
Application
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Presser Foot
R
Stitch Name
Pattern
Twin Needle
APPENDIX —
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
—
——
Blind hem
stitch
Joining stitch
Smocking
stitch
J
16
16
16
15
15
15
J
17
17
17
16
16
16
16 Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
18
18
18
-
-
-
Smocking stitching and
decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
19
19
19
17
17
17
Fagoting, smocking and
17 decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
20
20
20
18
18
18
Fagoting, smocking and
18 decorative stitching
5.0 (3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
21
21
21
-
-
-
Attaching elastic to
stretch fabrics
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc
J
22
22
22
19
19
19
19 Decorative stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
3.0 (1/8)
2.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
23
23
23
20
20
20
20 Decorative stitching
4.0 (3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
24
24
24
21
21
21
Decorative stitching
5.5 (7/32)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
25
25
25
22
22
22
stitching
21 Decorative
and elastic-attaching
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/64-1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
26
26
26
23
23
23
Lace sewing, decorative
22 hemming, heirloom
stitching, etc.
3.5 (1/8)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.6-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
27
27
27
24
24
24
23 Decorative hemming,
heirloom stitching, etc.
6.0 (15/64)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.0 (1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
-
-
–
Decorative
stitch
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
76
Auto
Manual
Patchwork stitching,
decorative stitching and
15 sewing overcasting on
both pieces of fabrics,
such as with tricot
Fagoting
stitch
Elasticattaching
stitch
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Presser Foot
Application
Decorative hemming
on thin, medium weight
– and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching,
etc.
Decorative hemming
on thin, medium weight
24 and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching,
etc.
Decorative hemming
on thin, medium weight
– and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching,
etc.
Decorative hemming
on thin, medium weight
– and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching,
etc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.5 (1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
4.0 (3/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
28
28
28
25
25
25
N
29
29
29
26
26
26
N
30
30
30
27
27
27
N
31
31
31
28
28
28
N
32
32
32
-
-
-
-
Decorative stitching,
smocking stitching,
heirloom stitching, etc.
6.0 (15/64)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
33
33
33
-
-
-
-
Decorative stitching,
smocking stitching,
heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
A
34
34
34
29
29
29
Horizontal buttonholes
25 on thin and medium
weight fabrics
5.0 (3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5 (1/32)
0.2-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
35
35
35
30
30
30
Secured buttonholes for
26 fabrics that have backings
5.0 (3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5 (1/32)
0.2–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
36
36
36
31
31
31
for stretch
27 Buttonholes
or knit fabrics
6.0 (15/64)
3.0–6.0
(1/8-15/64)
1.0 (1/16)
0.5–2.0
(1/32-1/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
37
37
37
32
32
32
Buttonholes for stretch
28 fabrics
6.0 (15/64)
3.0–6.0
(1/8-15/64)
1.5 (1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
38
38
38
-
-
-
Bound buttonholes
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–6.0
(0–15/64)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64-3/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
39
39
39
33
33
33
29 Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
7.0 (1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
40
40
40
34
34
–
–
Keyhole buttonholes for
medium weight and
thick fabrics
7.0 (1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
41
41
41
35
35
–
–
Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
7.0 (1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5 (1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
A
42
42
42
36
36
34
2.0 (1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4 (1/64)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
***
Auto
Rfc.
J
43
43
43
37
37
-
5.5 (7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
J
44
44
44
38
38
-
1.5 (1/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
Decorative
stitch
Buttonhole
stitch
Bar tack
stitch
Auto
Manual
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
—
—
—
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
—
Piecing
straight
stitch
-
Reinforcing openings
30 and areas where the
seam easily comes
loose
Piecing straight stitching
- (with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the right
edge of the presser foot)
Piecing straight
stitching (with a seam
- allowance of 6.5mm
from the left edge of the
presser foot)
***Auto Rfc.:Automatic Reinforcement
77
4
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Presser Foot
Auto
Manual
Straight stitch quilting
that looks hand-sewn
0.0 (0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
APPENDIX —
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
—
——
Application
Hand-look
quilting
J
45
45
45
39
39
35
31
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
J
46
46
46
40
40
-
-
Appliqué quilting, freemotion quilting, satin
stitching, button sewing
3.5 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
J
47
47
47
41
41
-
-
Attaching appliqués
and binding
1.5 (1/16)
0.5–3.5
(1/32–1/8)
1.8 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
48
48
48
42
42
-
-
Attaching appliqués
and binding
1.5 (1/16)
0.5–3.5
(1/32–1/8)
1.8 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
J
49
49
49
43
43
-
-
Quilting background
stitching (stippling)
7.0 (1/4)
1.0–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
50
50
50
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
3.0 (1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
51
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64-3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
52
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
4.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
53
51
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
54
52
51
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
55
53
52
44
44
36
32 For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
56
54
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
57
55
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
58
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
59
56
53
45
45
37
33 For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
60
57
54
46
46
38
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
61
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
62
58
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
Appliqué
stitch
(for quilting)
Quilting
stippling
Decorative
stitch
78
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
63
59
55
47
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
64
60
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
65
61
56
48
47
39
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
66
62
57
49
48
40
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
67
63
58
50
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
68
64
59
51
49
41
34 For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
69
65
60
52
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
70
66
61
53
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
5.0 (3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
71
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
72
67
62
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
73
68
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
74
69
63
54
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5 (3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
75
70
64
55
50
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
76
71
65
56
51
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
77
72
66
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
78
73
67
58
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
79
74
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Presser Foot
N
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
Application
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
—
—
—
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
—
Decorative
stitch
Satin
stitches
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
79
4
Satin
stitches
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Presser Foot
Auto
Manual
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
36 For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
37 For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
Application
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
APPENDIX —
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
—
——
N
80
75
68
59
53
43
35 For decoration, etc.
N
81
-
-
-
-
-
N
82
76
69
60
54
44
N
83
77
70
61
55
45
N
84
78
71
62
56
46
N
85
79
72
63
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
86
80
73
64
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
87
81
74
57
52
42
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
88
82
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
89
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
90
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
91
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
N
92
-
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
0.4 (1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
-
-
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
80
Walking Foot
Reverse (Rev.)/
Reinforcement (Rfc.)
Stitching
Presser Foot
Twin Needle
Crossstitches
No
No
Rfc.
1.6 (1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
6.0 (15/64) 2.5 (3/32)
0.0–7.0
0.2–4.0
(0–1/4)
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
For decoration, etc.
6.0 (15/64) 1.4 (1/16)
0.0–7.0
0.2–4.0
(0–1/4)
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
-
For decoration, etc.
6.0 (15/64) 1.4 (1/16)
0.0–7.0
0.2–4.0
(0–1/4)
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
-
For decoration, etc.
6.0 (15/64) 1.4 (1/16)
0.0–7.0
0.2–4.0
(0–1/4)
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
39 For decoration, etc.
6.0 (15/64) 1.4 (1/16)
0.0–7.0
0.2–4.0
(0–1/4)
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
Stitch Width Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)] [mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
100 stitches
model
90 stitches
model
80 stitches
model
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
—
—
—
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
—
Application
N
93
83
-
-
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
N
94
84
75
65
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
N
95
85
76
67
57
47
N
96
86
-
-
-
-
-
N
97
87
77
66
-
-
N
98
88
78
68
58
48
N
99
89
79
69
59
49
38 For decoration, etc.
Auto
Auto
Manual
Manual
6.0 (15/64) 1.4 (1/16)
0.0–7.0
0.2–4.0
(0–1/4)
(1/64–3/16)
7.0 (1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
81
4
APPENDIX —
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
—
——
MAINTENANCE
Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below.
Restrictions on oiling
In order to prevent damaging this machine, it must
not be oiled by the user.
This machine was manufactured with the necessary
amount of oil applied to ensure correct operation,
making periodic oiling unnecessary.
Cleaning the race
Sewing performance will suffer if dust collects in the
race therefore, it should be cleaned periodically.
a
If problems occur, such as difficulty turning the
handwheel or an unusual noise, immediately stop
using the machine, and contact your authorized
dealer or the nearest authorized service center.
Precautions on storing the
machine
Do not store the machine in any of the locations
described below, otherwise damage to the machine
may result, for example, rust caused by condensation.
• Exposed to extremely high temperatures
• Exposed to extremely low temperatures
• Exposed to extreme temperature changes
• Exposed to high humidity or steam
• Near a flame, heater or air conditioner
• Outdoors or exposed to direct sunlight
• Exposed to extremely dusty or oily environments
Switch the machine off and unplug it.
CAUTION
● Make sure you unplug the machine before
you clean it. Otherwise, you may get an
electric shock or be injured.
b
Raise the needle and the presser foot.
Loosen the presser-foot screw and the needle
c clamp screw to remove the presser-foot
holder and the needle.
Note
● In order to extend the life of this machine,
periodically turn it on and use it.
Storing this machine for an extended period
of time without using it may reduce its
efficiency.
Slide the needle plate cover release toward
d you to remove the needle plate cover.
Cleaning the machine
surface
If the surface of the machine is dirty, lightly soak a
cloth in neutral detergent, squeeze it out firmly, and
then wipe the surface of the machine. After cleaning
it once with a wet cloth, wipe it again with a dry
cloth.
CAUTION
● Unplug the power supply cord before
cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries or an
electric shock may occur.
82
a Needle plate cover
b Needle plate cover release
—
—
—
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——
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——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
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——
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——
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——
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——
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——
——
—
Remove the bobbin case.
e Grasp the bobbin case, and then pull it out.
Insert the bobbin case so that the  mark on
g the bobbin case aligns with the  mark on the
machine.
a Bobbin case
Use the cleaning brush or a vacuum cleaner to
f remove any dust from the race and its
surrounding area.
4
• Align the  and  marks.
a Cleaning brush
b Race
Note
● Do not put oil on the race.
a  mark
b  mark
c Bobbin case
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the bobbin case.
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break or sewing
performance may suffer. For a new bobbin
case (part code: XE7560-001), contact your
nearest authorized service center.
● Make sure that you fit the bobbin case
properly, otherwise the needle may break.
83
APPENDIX —
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———
——
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——
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——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
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——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
——
———
——
———
——
—
——
As shown, insert the tab on the needle plate
h cover into the hole in the needle plate, and
From the front, slide the needle plate cover
i back into position.
then correctly position of the needle plate
cover.
a Needle plate cover
CAUTION
● If the needle plate cover is not flush with the
surface of the machine as shown below,
remove the needle plate cover (step d), and
then install it again (steps h and i). Sewing
while the needle plate cover is not flush with
the surface of the machine may cause the
needle plate cover to come off of the
machine, resulting in injuries if your fingers
touch the race.
a Needle plate cover
b Tab
c Hole
• Check that the needle plate cover is flush
with the top surface of the machine.
84
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——
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——
——
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——
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——
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——
———
——
———
——
———
——
———
——
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——
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——
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—
TROUBLESHOOTING
If the machine stops operating correctly, check the following possible problems before requesting service.
You can solve most problems by yourself. If you need additional help, the Brother Solutions Center offers the
latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Visit us at “ http://support.brother.com/ ” .
If the problem persists, contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center.
Frequent troubleshooting topics
Detailed causes and remedies for common troubleshooting topics are described below. Be sure to refer to this
before contacting us.
■ Upper thread tightened up
page 85
■ Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric
page 86
■ Incorrect thread tension
page 89
■ Fabric is caught in the machine and cannot be removed
page 90
■ Error message “E6” appears in the LCD
page 94
Upper thread tightened up
■ Symptom
• The upper thread appears as a single
continuous line.
• The lower thread is visible from the upper
side of the fabric. (Refer to the illustration
below.)
• The upper thread has tightened up, and
comes out when pulled.
• The upper thread has tightened up, and
wrinkles appear in the fabric.
• The upper thread tension is tight, and the
results do not change even after the thread
tension is adjusted.
■ Cause
Incorrect lower threading
If the lower thread is incorrectly threaded, instead
of the appropriate tension being applied to the
lower thread, it is pulled through the fabric when
the upper thread is pulled up. For this reason, the
thread is visible from the upper side of the fabric.
■ Remedy/check details
Correctly install the lower thread.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b
Remove the bobbin from the bobbin case.
Place the bobbin in the bobbin case so that
c the thread unwinds in the correct direction.
• Hold the bobbin with your right hand with
the thread unwinding to the left, and hold
the end of the thread with your left hand.
Then, with your right hand, place the bobbin
in the bobbin case.
a
b
c
d
e
Lower side of fabric
Lower thread visible from upper side of fabric
Upper thread
Upper side of fabric
Lower thread
If the bobbin is inserted with the thread
unwinding in the wrong direction, sewing will be
done with an incorrect thread tension.
85
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While holding the bobbin in place with your
d finger, pass the thread through the slit in the
needle plate.
• Hold down the bobbin with your right hand,
and then pull the end of the thread around
the tab with your left hand.
Tangled thread on wrong
side of fabric
■ Symptom
• The thread becomes tangled on the lower
side of the fabric.
a Tab
b Hold down the bobbin with your right hand.
• After starting sewing, a rattling noise is made
and sewing cannot continue.
• Looking under the fabric, there is tangled
thread in the bobbin case.
On models equipped with the quick-set bobbin,
pull the thread to pass it through the slit in the
needle plate, then cut it with the cutter.
■ Cause
Incorrect upper threading
If the upper thread is incorrectly threaded, the
upper thread passed through the fabric cannot be
firmly pulled up and the upper thread becomes
tangled in the bobbin case, causing a rattling
noise.
c Slit
d Cutter
Sewing with the correct thread tension is possible
after the bobbin has been correctly installed in the
bobbin case.
■ Remedy/check details
Remove the tangled thread, and then correct the
upper threading.
Remove the tangled thread. If it cannot be
a removed, cut the thread with scissors.
• For details, refer to “Cleaning the race” on
page 82.
b
Remove the upper thread from the machine.
Refer to the following steps to correct the
c upper threading.
• If the bobbin was removed from the bobbin
case, refer to “Lower threading” (page 22)
and “Remedy/check details” in the section
“Upper thread tightened up” (page 85) to
correctly install the bobbin.
86
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Raise the presser foot using the presser foot
d lever.
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
g from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled out,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Presser foot lever
• If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
e toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up, or press
(needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button)
once or twice to raise the needle.
a Thread guide cover
Feed the upper thread as shown in the
h illustration below.
4
or
a Mark
b Needle position button
Pull some thread off the spool, and then pass
f the thread under the thread guide.
a Thread guide
87
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Make sure you guide the thread through the
i thread take-up lever from right to left as
shown in the illustration below.
Sewing is possible only if the thread is securely
hooked on the thread take-up lever.
a Thread take-up lever
• Make sure that the thread is securely hooked
on the thread take-up lever.
Put the thread behind the needle bar thread
j guide above the needle.
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, then feeding the thread with
your right hand.
1
a Needle bar thread guide
k
88
Thread the needle according to steps m and
n in “Upper threading” (page 28) or steps b
through i in “Using the needle threader (for
models equipped with the needle threader)”
(page 28).
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Incorrect thread tension
■ Symptoms
• Symptom 1: The lower thread is visible from the upper side of the fabric.
• Symptom 2: The upper thread appears as a straight line on the upper side of the fabric.
• Symptom 3: The upper thread is visible from the lower side of the fabric.
• Symptom 4: The lower thread appears as a straight line on the lower side of the fabric.
• Symptom 5: The stitching on the lower side of the fabric is loose or has slack.
 Symptom 1
 Symptom 3
a Lower side of fabric
b Lower thread visible from
upper side of fabric
c Upper thread
d Upper side of fabric
e Lower thread
f Upper thread visible from
lower side of fabric
■ Cause/remedy/check details
 Cause 1
The machine is not correctly threaded.
<With symptoms 1 and 2 described above>
The lower threading is incorrect.
Return the upper tension-control dial to “4”,
and then refer to “Upper thread tightened up”
(page 85) to correct the threading.
<With symptoms 3 through 5 described
above>
The upper threading is incorrect.
Return the upper tension-control dial to “4”,
and then refer to “Tangled thread on wrong
side of fabric” (page 86) to correct the upper
threading.
 Cause 2
A needle and thread appropriate for the
fabric are not being used.
The sewing machine needle that should be
used depends on the type of fabric sewn and
the thread thickness.
If a needle and thread appropriate for the
fabric are not being used, the thread tension
will not be adjusted correctly, causing
wrinkles in the fabric or skipped stitches.
• Refer to “Needle types and their uses”
(page 31) to check that a needle and thread
appropriate for the fabric are being used.
 Cause 3
An appropriate setting on the upper tension-control dial is not selected.
Turn the upper tension-control dial to select an appropriate thread tension.
The appropriate thread tension differs according to the type of fabric and thread being used.
* Adjust the thread tension while test sewing on a piece of scrap fabric that is the same as that used in
your project.
Note
● If the upper threading and lower threading are incorrect, the thread tension cannot be adjusted
correctly, even by turning the upper tension-control dial. Check the upper threading and lower
threading first, and then adjust the thread tension.
• When the lower thread is visible from the
upper side of the fabric. Turn the upper
tension-control dial to a lower number
(toward the left). (Loosen the thread tension.)
5
4
• When the upper thread is visible from the
lower side of the fabric. Turn the upper
tension-control dial to a higher number
(toward the right). (Tighten the thread
tension.)
3
5
4
3
89
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Fabric is caught in the
machine and cannot be
removed
If the fabric is caught in the sewing machine and
cannot be removed, the thread may have become
tangled under the needle plate. Follow the procedure
described below to remove the fabric from the
machine. If the operation could not be completed
according to the procedure, instead of attempting to
complete it forcefully, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
■ Removing the fabric from the machine
a
Immediately stop the sewing machine.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
Cut out the tangled threads, and then remove
g the bobbin.
Remove the bobbin case.
h If threads remain in the bobbin case, remove
them.
Remove the needle.
c If the needle is lowered into the fabric, turn the
handwheel away from you (clockwise) to raise
the needle out of the fabric, and then remove
the needle.
• Refer to “Replacing the needle” (page 32).
Remove the presser foot and presser foot
d holder.
• Refer to “Replacing the presser foot”
(page 36) and “Removing the presser foot
holder” (page 37).
a Bobbin case
Use the cleaning brush or a vacuum cleaner to
i remove any dust from the race and its
surrounding area.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads below it.
e If the fabric can be removed, remove it.
Continue with the following steps to clean the
race.
f
Remove the needle plate cover.
a Cleaning brush
b Race
a Needle plate cover release
b Needle plate cover (front part)
90
If the fabric could be removed
Continue to step
p.
If the fabric could not be removed
Continue to step
j.
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Use the enclosed disc-shaped screwdriver to
j loosen the two screws on the needle plate.
Lightly finger-tighten the screw on the right
o side of the needle plate. Then, use the disc-
shaped screwdriver to firmly tighten the
screw on the left side. Finally, firmly tighten
the screw on the right side.
Note
● Be careful not to drop the removed screws
in the machine.
Turn the handwheel to check that the feed
dogs move smoothly and do not contact the
edges of the slots in the needle plate.
Slightly lift up the needle plate, cut any
k tangled threads, and then remove the needle
plate.
Remove the fabric and threads from the needle
plate.
4
a Correct position of feed dogs
b Incorrect position of feed dogs
If the fabric cannot be removed, even after
completing these steps, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
Note
● Be careful not to drop the removed screws
in the machine.
Remove any threads in the race and around
l the feed dogs.
m
Turn the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
Align the two screw holes in the needle plate
n with the two holes at the needle plate
mounting base, and then fit the needle plate
onto the machine.
91
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Insert the bobbin case so that the  mark on
p the bobbin case aligns with the  mark on the
machine.
Check the condition of the needle, and then
r install it.
If the needle is in a poor condition, for
example, if it is bent, be sure to install a new
needle.
• Refer to “Checking the needle” (page 32)
and “Replacing the needle” (page 32).
CAUTION
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can
easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
Note
● After completing this procedure, continue
with the following procedure in “Checking
machine operations” to check that the
machine is operating correctly.
• Align the  and  marks.
a  mark
b  mark
c Bobbin case
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the bobbin case.
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break or sewing
performance may suffer. For a new bobbin
case (part code: XE7560-001), contact your
nearest authorized service center.
● Make sure that you fit the bobbin case
properly, otherwise the needle may break.
Attach the needle plate cover according to
h and i in “Cleaning the race”
(page 84).
q steps
92
Memo
● Since the needle may have been damaged
when the fabric was caught in the machine,
we recommend replacing it with a new one.
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■ Checking machine operations
If the needle plate has been removed, check
machine operations to confirm that installation
has been completed correctly.
a
Turn on the machine.
b
Select
Turn off the machine, and then install the
f bobbin and presser foot.
• Refer to “Lower threading” (page 22) and
“Replacing the presser foot” (page 36).
Correctly thread the machine.
g • For details on threading the machine, refer to
“Upper threading” (page 25).
(middle needle position stitch).
Note
● The thread may have become tangled as a
result of incorrect upper threading. Make
sure that the machine is correctly threaded.
Note
● Do not yet install the presser foot and
thread.
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
c (counterclockwise), and look from all sides to
check that the needle falls at the center of the
hole in the needle plate.
If the needle contacts the needle plate, remove
the needle plate, and then install it again,
starting with step m in “Removing the fabric
from the machine” (page 91).
h
Perform trial sewing with normal fabric.
Note
● Incorrect sewing may be the result of
incorrect upper threading or sewing thin
fabrics. If there are poor results from the trial
sewing, check the upper threading or the
type of fabric being used.
a Hole in the needle plate
b Handwheel
d
Select zigzag stitch
. At this time, increase
the stitch length and width to their maximum
settings.
• For details on changing the settings, refer to
“Adjusting the stitch length and width”
(page 40).
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
e (counterclockwise) and check that the needle
bar and feed dogs operate correctly.
If the needle or feed dogs contact the needle
plate, the machine may be malfunctioning;
therefore, contact your nearest authorized
service center.
93
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Error message “E6”
appears in the LCD
If the error message “E6” appears in the LCD with the
occurrence of one of the following symptoms, follow
the procedure below to solve the problem.
Symptom 1 : The machine rattles and then stops
just after sewing is started.
Symptom 2 : The upper thread is tangled, for
example, in the race, or fabric is
caught in the machine.
Symptom 3 : The needle breaks, or the needle
bends and thus hits the needle plate.
Symptom 4 : The fabric is not fed.
Symptom 1 :
The machine rattles and then stops
just after sewing is started.
■ Cause
• The upper thread is not threaded correctly.
• The thread take-up lever is not threaded.
* When the machine stops just after sewing is
started, the upper thread may not be threaded
correctly.
Turn the handwheel toward you
d (counterclockwise) to check if the handwheel
moves smoothly.
If the handwheel moves smoothly
Continue to step
j.
If the handwheel does not move smoothly
Continue to step
e.
Remove the needle plate cover, and then
e remove the bobbin and bobbin case.
Insert the bobbin case so that the  mark on
f the bobbin case aligns with the  mark on the
machine.
• Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 82).
Attach the needle plate cover.
g • Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 82).
Set the bobbin in the bobbin case.
h • Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 82).
If the needle is bent, replace it with a new
i one.
• Refer to “Replacing the needle” (page 32).
Turn on the machine, and then press the
j needle position button to raise the needle.
• Refer to “Upper threading” (page 25).
Note
● If the needle is not raised, the upper thread
cannot be threaded correctly. Be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before threading the upper thread.
■ Remedy
Thread the upper thread again correctly by
following the procedure below.
a
Turn off the machine.
If the thread is tangled, remove the tangled
b thread.
• Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 82) and
“Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric”
(page 86).
c
Remove the upper thread from the machine.
Thread the machine correctly.
k • For details on threading the machine, refer to
“Upper threading” (page 25).
Symptom 2 :
The upper thread is tangled, for
example, in the race, or fabric is
caught in the machine.
■ Cause
Thread is tangled below the needle plate.
■ Remedy
Remove the fabric and reset the thread and
bobbin by following the procedure below.
a
Turn off the machine.
Remove the fabric from the machine.
b • Refer to “Fabric is caught in the machine and
cannot be removed” (page 90).
94
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Remove the upper thread and bobbin.
c • Refer to “Fabric is caught in the machine and
cannot be removed” (page 90).
Remove the bobbin case.
d • Refer to “Fabric is caught in the machine and
cannot be removed” (page 90).
If threads remain in the bobbin case, remove
e it.
• Refer to “Fabric is caught in the machine and
cannot be removed” (page 90).
Symptom 4 :
The fabric is not fed.
■ Cause
The thread has become clogged as the stitch is too
fine.
■ Remedy
Lengthen the stitch length.
• Refer to “Adjusting the stitch length and width”
(page 40).
Insert the bobbin case so that the  mark on
f the bobbin case aligns with the  mark on the
machine.
• Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 82).
Attach the needle plate cover.
g • Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 82).
4
Set the bobbin in the bobbin case.
h • Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 82).
If the needle is bent, replace it with a new
i one.
• Refer to “Replacing the needle” (page 32).
Turn on the machine, and then press the
j needle position button to raise the needle.
• Refer to “Upper threading” (page 25).
Thread the machine correctly.
k • For details on threading the machine, refer to
“Upper threading” (page 25).
Symptom 3 :
The needle breaks, or the needle
bends and thus hits the needle
plate.
■ Cause
You have not used the right combination of
fabric, thread and needle.
■ Remedy
Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate
for the type of fabric.
• Refer to “Needle types and their uses”
(page 31).
95
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List of symptoms
■ Before sewing
Symptom
The needle
threader can not
be used. (For
models equipped
with the needle
threader lever.)
Possible cause
How to put it right
Reference
You have not moved the needle
holder to its highest position.
Raise the needle either by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up or by pressing
(needle position button) once or
twice.
page 25
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 32
Turn on the machine.
page 14
Correctly pass the thread through the
bobbin-winding thread guide.
page 19
Move the sewing speed controller to
the right (so that the speed will be
fast).
page 21
Wind the thread that was pulled off
round the bobbin five or six times
clockwise.
page 20
Raise the needle either by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up or by pressing
(needle position button) once or
twice.
page 25
Correctly install the needle.
page 32
The sewing light The machine is not turned on.
does not come on.
The thread is not passed through the
bobbin-winding thread guide
correctly.
Bobbin spins slowly. (for models
Bobbin thread
equipped with the sewing speed
does not wind
neatly on the bob- controller.)
bin.
The thread that was pulled out was
not wound onto the bobbin correctly.
(For models equipped with the fast
bobbin winding system.)
The thread does
not pass through
the eye of the nee- You have not moved the needle
dle. (For models holder to its highest position.
equipped with the
needle threader
lever.)
The needle is incorrectly installed.
The needle
threader lever
does not lower to
The needle has not been raised to the
the correct
Press the needle position button.
position. (For
correct position.
models equipped
with the needle
threader lever.)
page 25
While winding the
bobbin, the
bobbin thread was You have not wound the bobbin
wound below the thread properly.
bobbin winder
seat.
page 17
96
After removing the thread wound
below the bobbin winder seat, wind
the bobbin correctly.
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■ While sewing
Symptom
Possible cause
The machine is not plugged in.
How to put it right
Plug the machine in.
The main power switch is turned off. Turn on the main power switch.
The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to Move the bobbin winder shaft to the
the right.
left.
You have not used the foot controller Use the foot controller properly.
properly.
The sewing
machine does not The foot controller or the start/stop
Press the foot controller or the start/
work.
button was not pressed (for models
equipped with the start/stop button). stop button.
Fabric being
sewn with the
machine cannot
be removed.
The needle
breaks.
Reference
page 14
page 14
page 20, 21
page 14
page 41
The presser foot lever is raised.
Lower the presser foot lever.
page 41
The start/stop button was pressed,
even though the foot controller is
connected. (for models equipped
with the start/stop button)
Do not use the start/stop button when
the foot controller is connected. To
use the start/stop button, disconnect
the foot controller.
page 41
Thread is tangled below the needle
plate.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads
below it, and clean the race.
page 90
The spool or spool cap is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the spool or spool
cap.
page 26
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 25
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 32
The needle clamp screw is loose.
Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to
firmly tighten the screw.
page 33
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 32
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 31
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
page 75
The upper thread tension is too tight. Loosen the upper thread tension.
page 43
You are pulling the fabric too much.
Lightly guide the fabric.
–
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
bobbins will not work
You have not used a bobbin that has Incorrect
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
been designed for this machine.
4
page 17
97
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Symptom
Possible cause
How to put it right
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly. (for example, the spool is
the upper threading. Use the
not installed correctly, the spool cap Correct
spool
cap
that best fits the size of the
is too big for the spool being used, or spool being
used.
the thread has come out of the needle
bar thread guide.)
There are knots or tangles in the
thread.
Remove any knots or tangles.
The needle is not appropriate for the
thread you are using.
Choose a needle that is appropriate
for the type of stitch.
The upper thread tension is too tight. Loosen the upper thread tension.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in thread is tangled in the race, clean the
the race.
race.
The upper thread
breaks.
The needle is bent or blunt.
–
page 31
page 43
page 82, 86
page 32
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 32
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorised service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorised service center.
–
the bobbin case.
The bobbin case is scratched, or has a Replace
Contact
your
retailer or the nearest
burr on it.
authorised service center.
–
bobbins will not work
You have not used a bobbin that has Incorrect
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
been designed for this machine.
page 17
You have not wound the bobbin
thread properly.
Wind the bobbin thread properly.
page 17
The bobbin is scratched or does not
turn smoothly.
Replace the bobbin.
Remove the tangled thread and clean
the race.
bobbins will not work
You have not used a bobbin that has Incorrect
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
been designed for this machine.
98
page 25
Replace the needle.
The lower thread
is tangled or
The thread is tangled.
breaks.
The fabric is
wrinkled.
Reference
–
page 82, 86
page 17
Bobbin is set incorrectly.
Reset the bobbin thread correctly.
page 22, 23
You have not threaded the upper thread
properly or fitted the bobbin properly.
Thread the upper thread and wind the page 22, 23, 25
bobbin thread properly.
The spool or spool cap is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the spool or spool
cap.
page 26
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 31
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 32
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the
stitch is too long or the fabric is not
being fed correctly.
Sew with the stabilizer material under
the fabric.
page 46
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the
stitch is too coarse.
Shorten the stitch length, or sew with
stabilizer material under the fabric.
page 40, 46
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Symptom
The fabric is
wrinkled.
Stitches are
skipped.
There is a highpitched noise
while sewing.
The fabric does
not feed.
The fabric feeds
in the opposite
direction.
Possible cause
How to put it right
Reference
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
page 75
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper thread.
page 43, 89
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 25
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 31
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
Dust has accumulated under the
needle plate or in the race.
Remove the needle plate cover and
clean the plate and the race.
page 82
Dust has built up in the feed dogs or
in the race.
Remove the needle plate cover and
clean the plate and the race.
page 82
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 25
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
You have not used bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
page 17
The feed dogs are lowered.
Slide the feed dog position lever to
The stitch is too fine.
Lengthen the stitch length.
page 40
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 31
page 32
4
. page 57, 67
Remove the tangle thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in thread is tangled in the race, clean the
the race.
race.
page 82, 86
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
page 75
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 32
Zigzag foot “J” is slanted on a thick
seam at the beginning of stitching.
Use the presser foot locking pin
(black button on the left side) on
zigzag foot “J” to keep the presser foot
level while sewing.
page 45
The feed mechanism is damaged.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
99
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■ After sewing
Symptom
Possible cause
The upper thread The bobbin thread is incorrectly
has tightened up. installed.
The thread
tension is
incorrect.
How to put it right
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
Correct the upper threading.
page 25
You have not wound the bobbin
thread properly.
Wind the bobbin thread properly.
page 17
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
page 22
You have not threaded the right com- Choose a thread and needle that are
bination of thread and needle for the appropriate for the type of fabric.
fabric you are using.
page 31
You have not attached the presserfoot holder properly.
Attach the presser-foot holder
properly.
page 37
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper
thread.
page 43, 89
Bobbin is set incorrectly.
The thread is
tangled on the
You have not threaded the upper
wrong side of the thread properly.
fabric.
page 17
Reset the bobbin thread correctly.
page 22, 23
Correct the upper threading.
page 25, 86
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper
thread.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in thread is tangled in the race, clean the
the race.
race.
100
page 22, 85
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
bobbins will not work
You have not used a bobbin that has Incorrect
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
been designed for this machine.
The stitch is not
sewn correctly.
Reference
page 75
page 43, 89
page 82
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ERROR MESSAGES
If an operation is performed incorrectly before the sewing machine is set up, an error message appears on the
operation panel. Follow the instructions indicated in the table.
If you press the stitch selection key or do the operation correctly while the error message is displayed, the
message disappears.
Error Message
Probable Cause
Solution
The foot controller was pressed (or the start/
stop button was pressed if the foot controller is
Lower the presser foot lever before
not connected) and the reverse/reinforcement
continuing the operation.
stitch button was pressed while the presser
foot is raised.
A stitch other than the buttonhole or bar tack
stitch was selected and the foot controller was
Raise the buttonhole lever before
pressed (or the start/stop button was pressed if
continuing the operation.
the foot controller is not connected) while the
buttonhole lever is lowered.
The buttonhole or bar tack stitch was selected
and the foot controller was pressed (or the
Lower the buttonhole lever before
start/stop button was pressed if the foot
continuing the operation.
controller is not connected) while the
buttonhole lever is raised.
4
The reverse/reinforcement stitch button or
needle position button was pressed while the
bobbin winder shaft is moved to the right.
Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left
before continuing the operation.
The start/stop button was pressed while the
foot controller was connected.
Disconnect the foot controller, and then
press the start/stop button. Otherwise,
operate the machine by using the foot
controller.
The motor locked up because the thread
became tangled, or the needle bent and thus
hit the needle plate.
Clean the race to remove the tangled
thread (page 82).
Check the needle. If the needle is bent or
broken, replace the needle (page 32).
If both of the above fail, refer to “Error
message “E6” appears in the LCD”
(page 94).
The machine may be malfunctioning.
Contact your nearest authorized service
center.
Operation beep
Each time a key is pressed you will hear one beep. If a non-functioning key is pressed or an incorrect operation
is performed you will hear two or four beeps (only for models equipped with the operation beep).
■ If a key is pressed (correct operation)
One beep sounds.
■ If an incorrect operation is performed or a non-functioning key is pressed
Two or four beeps sound.
■ If the machine locks up, for example, because the thread is tangled
The sewing machine beeps for four seconds and the machine automatically stops. Be sure to check for the
cause of the error, and correct it before continuing to sew.
101
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i
INDEX
Numerics
N
3-point zigzag stitch .......................................................47
needle ............................................................................31
needle bar thread guide.............................................9, 28
needle clamp screw ..................................................9, 33
needle plate .....................................................................9
needle plate cover.....................................................9, 82
needle position...............................................................49
needle position button......................................................9
needle threader .........................................................9, 28
A
accessories .......................................................................6
appliqués .......................................................................63
B
bar tack ..........................................................................68
basic stitching ................................................................49
blind hem stitching.........................................................50
bobbin ...........................................................................22
bobbin case....................................................................23
bobbin cover......................................................9, 22, 23
bobbin winder.............................8, 17, 20, 96, 97, 101
button sewing.................................................................57
buttonhole foot........................................................54, 68
buttonhole lever .................................................9, 55, 69
buttonhole sewing..........................................................53
C
crazy quilt stitching ........................................................64
D
darning....................................................................47, 61
E
elastic tape .....................................................................61
error messages..............................................................101
extra spool pin ...............................................................34
eyelet punch ..................................................................56
F
fagoting ..........................................................................71
fast bobbin winding........................................................20
feed dog position lever .......................................8, 57, 67
feed dogs............................................................9, 57, 67
flat bed attachment...............................................7, 8, 46
flip chart.........................................................................12
foot controller ....................................................6, 14, 41
free-motion quilting........................................................66
H
handwheel ................................................................8, 41
heirloom stitching ..........................................................74
hook-and-loop fastener ..................................................45
J
joining............................................................................73
joining stitch ...........................................................63, 70
M
main parts ........................................................................8
main power switch.........................................................14
monogramming.......................................................72, 74
102
O
openings ........................................................................68
operation beep ......................................................16, 101
operation buttons .............................................................9
operation panel ..............................................................10
optional accessories .........................................................7
overcasting stitches ........................................................47
P
patchwork stitching ........................................................64
piecing ...........................................................................64
pocket corners................................................................68
presser foot................................................................9, 36
presser foot holder.....................................................9, 37
presser foot lever .......................................................9, 25
Q
quick-set bobbin ................................................9, 23, 30
quilting...........................................................................65
quilting foot....................................................................66
quilting guide .......................................................... 65, 66
R
race................................................................................82
reinforcement stitching...................................................42
reverse/reinforcement stitch button............................9, 42
S
scallop stitching .............................................................72
seam ripper ....................................................................56
sewing machine needles ................................................31
sewing speed controller.............................................9, 15
sleeve holes....................................................................68
smocking........................................................................72
spool cap ....................................................6, 10, 17, 26
spool pin ..........................................................10, 17, 25
start/stop button.........................................................9, 41
stitch length....................................................................40
stitch selection key .........................................................10
stitch settings..................................................................75
stitch width ....................................................................40
straight stitch ..................................................................49
stretch fabrics .................................................................46
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T
thick fabrics....................................................................44
thin fabrics .....................................................................46
thread cutter...................................................................42
thread tension ................................................................43
trial sewing.....................................................................44
triple stretch stitch ..........................................................49
troubleshooting ..............................................................85
twin needle .............................................................33, 34
U
upper tension-control dial ..................................8, 43, 89
upper threading..............................................................25
W
walking foot ...................................................................65
wing needle ...................................................................74
Z
zigzag stitch .....................................................44, 47, 63
zipper foot......................................................................59
zipper insertion ..............................................................59
4
103
Please visit us at http://support.brother.com/ where you can get product
support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).
English
885-E44/E45/E46
Printed in China
XG6163-001
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