Shaw HD87600198 Oasis Seashore 12 in. x 24 in. Resilient Vinyl Tile (28.31 sq. ft.) Installation Guide

Shaw HD87600198 Oasis Seashore 12 in. x 24 in. Resilient Vinyl Tile (28.31 sq. ft.) Installation Guide
These installation guidelines apply to the vinyl tile with attached pad products only. All
instructions and recommendations should be followed for a satisfactory installation.
The floor covering should be stored and installed in a climate controlled location with a
temperature between 55° - 85°F - 13°-29°C or average temp. of 70 degrees (21.1°) If
product is stored in temperatures outside this range prior to installation it is recommended
to acclimate the material for 48 hours prior to installation.
Post installation temperature range is between -25 and 155 degrees F (31.6°- 68.3°C).
Avoid exposure to direct sunlight for prolonged periods, doing so may result in
discoloration. During peak sunlight hours, the use of the drapes or blinds is
recommended. Excess temperature due to direct sunlight can result in thermal expansion.
Regardless of new construction or remodeling projects, keep flooring stored in rooms that
are not being worked in and only install product after all other trades have completed
work that could damage the flooring.
To minimize shade variation, mix and install tiles from several cartons.
Inspect all tiles for damage before installing. If you have any concerns about the product
fit or finish, call Shaw Information Services at 1-800-441-7429. Claims will not be
accepted for flooring that has been cut to size and/or installed.
Use cementitious patching and leveling compounds that meet or exceed maximum
moisture level and pH requirements. Use of gypsum-based patching and/or leveling
compounds which contain Portland or high alumina cement and meet or exceed the
compressive strength of 3,000 psi are acceptable.
Installation – Floating - installed on, above, or below grade.
For installation in 3 season rooms or areas larger than 50’x50’, 2500 sq. ft. provide a
minimum expansion space of 5/8” (16mm) around the perimeter.
Tools: Tape Measure, Utility Knife, Jigsaw, Tapping Block or Rubber Mallet, Pull Bar, ¼"
Spacers, T-Square, Safety Glasses, Broom or Vacuum and, if necessary, tools for subfloor
All subfloors must be clean, flat, dry and structurally sound. The correct preparation of the
subfloor is a major part of a successful installation. Subfloor must be flat – 3/16" in 10' or 1/8"
in 6'.
Underlayments – Do NOT add an additional underlayment. Product has an attached pad
and the use of an additional underlayment is NOT approved.
CAUTION: Some types of nails, such as common steel nails, may cause discoloration of the
vinyl floor covering. Recommendations for attaching underlayment panels are not included.
Solvent based construction adhesives are known to stain vinyl floor coverings. All
responsibility for discoloration problems caused by the use of the above mentioned products is
not the responsibility of Shaw, but rests with the installer and the underlayment panel
A. Wood Subfloors
Do not install material over wood subfloors that lay directly on concrete or over dimensional
lumber or plywood used over concrete. Refer to ASTM F1482 for panel underlayment
1. Do not apply sheet plastic over wood subfloors.
2. Basements and crawl spaces must be dry. Use of a 6 mil black polyethylene is required to
cover 100% of the crawl space earth. Crawl space clearance from ground to underside of
joist is to be no less than 18” and perimeter vent spacing should be equal to 1.5% of the
total square footage of the crawl space area to provide cross ventilation. Where
necessary, local regulations prevail.
3. All other subfloors - Plywood, OSB, particleboard, chipboard, wafer board, etc. must be
structurally sound and must be installed following their manufacturer’s
recommendations. Local building codes may only establish minimum requirements of the
flooring system and may not provide adequate rigidity and support for proper installation
and performance. If needed add an additional layer of APA rated underlayment, fasten
and secure according to the underlayment manufacturer’s recommendations.
4. Vinyl tile with attached pad flooring is not recommended directly over fire-retardant
treated plywood or preservative treated plywood. An additional layer of APA rated 1/4"
thick underlayment should be installed.
B. Concrete Subfloors
1. Floors shall be smooth, permanently dry, clean, and free all foreign material such as dust,
wax, solvents, paint, grease, oils, and old adhesive residue. The surface must be hard and
dense, and free from powder or flaking.
2. New concrete slabs must be dry. Maximum moisture level per CaCl test method is 8 lbs.
per 1000 in 24 hr. Maximum level for ASTM 2170 In-situ Relative humidity test method
- 85%.
3. Do not install over concrete with a history of high moisture or hydrostatic conditions.
4. Concrete should have a pH level between 6-10
5. The final responsibility for determining if the concrete is dry enough for installation of
the flooring lies with the floor covering installer.
Radiant Heat: Hydronic only - Radiant heat components must have a minimum of 1/2"
separation from the product. This is the only type of radiant heat system that is approved.
Radiant heat system must be on and operational for at least 2 weeks prior to installation to
reduce residual moisture within the concrete. Three days prior to installation lower the
temperature to 65°F, after installation gradually increase the temperature in increments of 5° F
to avoid overheating. Maximum operating temperature should never exceed 85°F. Use of an
in-floor temperature sensor is recommended to avoid overheating.
These products may contain either asbestos fibers and/or crystalline silica. Avoid creating dust. Inhalation
of such dust is a cancer and respiratory tract hazard. Smoking by individuals exposed to asbestos fibers
greatly increases the risk of serious bodily harm. Unless positively certain that the product is a nonasbestos-containing material, you must presume it contains asbestos. Regulations may require that the
material be tested to determine asbestos content and may govern the removal and disposal of material. See
current edition of the Resilient Floor Covering Institute (RFCI) publication Recommended Work Practices
for Removal of Resilient Floor Coverings for detailed information and instructions on removing all
resilient covering structures. For current information go to
C. Existing Floor Coverings
● Vinyl tile with attached pad flooring can be installed over most existing hard–surface
floor coverings, provided that the existing floor surface is clean, flat dry and structurally
● Existing sheet vinyl floors should not be heavily cushioned and not exceed more than one
layer in thickness. Soft underlayment and soft substrates will compromise the product's
locking ability as well as diminish its indentation resistance.
● Installation is NOT allowed over any type of carpet.
● Do NOT install over wood floors adhered to concrete.
● Never use solvents or citrus adhesive removers to remove old adhesive residue. Solvent
residue left in and on the subfloor may affect the new floor covering.
Floating Installation
Vinyl tile with attached pad flooring is designed to be installed utilizing the floating method.
Never secure the tiles to the subfloor when using the floating installation method. Do not
install cabinets or fixed objects on top of the flooring. Proper expansion space (5/16”), 8mm is
required. Undercut all door jambs. Do not fasten wall moldings and or transition strips to the
Tile patterns must be installed in a staggered (offset) brick pattern.
Before you start with the installation, it is important to determine the layout of the
flooring. Proper planning and layout will prevent having narrow tile widths at wall
junctures or very short length pieces at the end of rows.
Install the tiles parallel to the longest exterior wall.
Determine if the starter row will need to be cut. If the first row of tile does not need
to be trimmed in width, it will be necessary to cut off the unsupported tongue so that
a clean, solid edge shows towards the wall.
Installation of the product must start from the left side of the room, working to the
right when working in front of the tiles or facing the starting wall.
Install the second tile in the row by angling the end tongue into the end groove of
the first tile. Be careful not to bend the corner of the tile. Maintain an expansion gap
of approximately 5/16" - 8mm from the wall. Start the second row by cutting a tile
to the desired length. Keep in mind that the tile must not be shorter than 6" (15cm)
to achieve the best appearance.
Install the first tile in the second row by inserting the long side tongue into the
groove of the tile in the first row. This is best done with a low angle of the tile.
Maintain pressure into the side seam as you rotate the tile to the subfloor. Install the
second tile in the second row by inserting the short end tongue into the previously
installed tile groove. Align the tile so that the long side tongue tip is positioned just
over the groove lip of the tile in the first row. Working from the end seam, at a low
angle, insert the long tongue into the groove of the adjoining tile. Very little force is
required to seat the tongue into the groove. You should feel the tongue lock into the
Work across the length of the room installing tiles along the wall in the first row and
then aligning the tiles in the second row. It is critical to keep these two rows straight
and square, as they are the “foundation” for the rest of the installation. Check
squareness and straightness often.
Cut the last tile in the first row and leave an expansion gap of around 5/16" - 8mm.
Tiles may be cut with a utility knife using the “score and snap” technique. The
leftover of this tile may be used to start the third row if it’s a minimum 6" - 15cm
Continue installing tiles and make sure to achieve a random appearance with end
pieces of minimum 6" - 15cm. Check that all tiles are fully engaged; if a slight
gapping is found, the gap can be tapped together by using a tapping block and a
scrap of flooring to cover the tapping block in order to avoid damages on the tiles.
When fitting under door casings, etc., a flat pull bar may be used to assist in locking
the tiles.
When fitting around obstacles or into irregular spaces, tiles can be cut easily and
cleanly using a utility knife with a sharp blade. It is often beneficial to make a
cardboard template of the area and transfer this pattern to the tile.
Protect all exposed edges of the flooring by installing wall moulding and/or
transition strips. Make sure that no tile will be secured in any way to the sub floor.
For wet areas such as bathrooms caulk the perimeter of the floor with a silicone
Protect the finished flooring from exposure to direct sunlight to reduce fading and
thermal expansion.
© Rev 02.12.2019 Shaw Industries Group, Inc., a Berkshire Hathaway Company
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