Renogy 100 Watt, RNG-KIT-STCS200MB-VOY20, RNG-KIT-STCS100MB-VOY20 User manual

Renogy 100 Watt, RNG-KIT-STCS200MB-VOY20, RNG-KIT-STCS100MB-VOY20 User manual
Eclipse Solar Suitcase
Renogy 100W | 200W
2775 E. Philadelphia St., Ontario, CA 91761
1-800-330-8678
Important Safety Instructions
Please save these instructions.
This manual contains important safety, installation, and operating instructions for the charge
controller. The following symbols are used throughout the manual to indicate potentially
dangerous conditions or important safety information.
WARNING: Indicates a potentially dangerous condition. Use extreme caution when
performing this task.
CAUTION: Indicates a critical procedure for safe and proper operation of the controller
NOTE: Indicates a procedure or function that is important to the safe and proper operation
of the controller.
have fresh water available in case there
is contact with the battery acid.
General Safety Information
•
Read all of the instructions and cautions
in the manual before beginning the
installation.
•
Carefully read battery manuals before
operation.
•
There are no serviceable parts for this
controller. Do NOT disassemble or
attempt to repair the controller.
•
Do NOT let the positive (+) and negative
(-) terminals of the battery touch each
other.
•
Do NOT allow water to enter the
controller.
•
Recycle battery when it is replaced.
•
Over-charging and excessive gas
precipitation may damage the battery
plates and activate material shedding on
them. Too high of an equalizing charge
or too long of one may cause damage.
Please carefully review the specific
requirements of the battery used in the
system.
•
Equalization is carried out only for nonsealed / vented/ flooded / wet cell lead
acid batteries.
•
Do NOT equalize sealed / VRLA type
AGM / Gel cell batteries UNLESS
permitted by battery manufacturer.
•
Make sure all connections going into and
from the controller are tight.
Battery Safety
•
•
•
Use only sealed lead-acid, flooded, or gel
batteries which must be deep cycle.
Explosive battery gases may be present
while charging. Be certain there is
enough ventilation to release the gases.
Be careful when working with large lead
acid batteries. Wear eye protection and
1
Table of Contents
General Information ......................................................................................................................................... 3
Included Components .................................................................................................................................... 5
Optional Components .................................................................................................................................... 5
Identification of Parts ..................................................................................................................................... 6
Installation ............................................................................................................................................................. 8
Operation ............................................................................................................................................................ 10
Selecting Battery Type ........................................................................................................................... 10
AMP/VOLT Button ..................................................................................................................................... 10
LED Display .................................................................................................................................................. 11
System Status Icons .................................................................................................................................... 11
LED Behavior ............................................................................................................................................... 11
LED Error Behavior .................................................................................................................................. 12
System Status Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................... 12
Maintenance ...................................................................................................................................................... 13
Frequently Asked Questions .................................................................................................................. 13
Technical Specifications ........................................................................................................................... 14
Solar Panel Parameters............................................................................................................................ 14
Charge Controller Parameters............................................................................................................... 14
Battery Charging Parameters................................................................................................................. 15
Charging Parameters Glossary ............................................................................................................. 15
Dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................ 16
2
General Information
The Renogy Solar Suitcase combine highly efficient monocrystalline solar panels with a 20A
Voyager charge controller to create an easy-to-use, ‘plug and play’ system.
This system is specifically designed for mobile off-grid applications, where space and weight
limitations are abundant. The Solar Suitcase models support 12V deep cycle battery varieties
such as sealed-lead acid, gel, and flooded. With built-in tilting stands, these panels can be
adjusted at different angles to maximize the power output throughout the seasons.
The alligator clips included in this package make it easy to connect the panel to a battery in
seconds. If one ever needs to connect a battery with a different type of end terminal, the alligator
clips are attached via MC4 Connectors.
Key Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Easy to read LCD displaying solar charge information
7 Battery Type Compatible – Lithium-ion, LiFePO4, LTO, Gel, AGM, Flooded, and
Calcium
4 Stage charging: Bulk, Boost. Float, and Equalization
Temperature compensation and correcting the charging and discharging parameters
automatically, improving battery lifetime.
Protection against: overcharging, over-discharging, overload, short-circuit, and reverse
polarity.
Negative ground controller.
Tilting stand for maximum solar generating potential.
Convenient storage case for easy transportation.
PWM Technology
The Voyager utilizes Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technology for battery charging. Battery
charging is a current based process so controlling the current will control the battery voltage. For
the most accurate return of capacity, and for the prevention of excessive gassing pressure, the
battery is required to be controlled by specified voltage regulation set points for Absorption, Float,
and Equalization charging stages. The charge controller uses automatic duty cycle conversion,
creating pulses of current to charge the battery. The duty cycle is proportional to the difference
between the sensed battery voltage and the specified voltage regulation set point. Once the
battery reached the specified voltage range, pulse current charging mode allows the battery to
react and allows for an acceptable rate of charge for the battery level.
3
Four Charging Stages
The Voyager charge controller has a 4-stage
battery charging algorithm for a rapid,
efficient, and safe battery charging. They
include: Bulk Charge, Boost Charge, Float
Charge, and Equalization.
Bulk Charge: This algorithm is used for
day to day charging. It uses 100% of
available solar power to recharge the battery
and is equivalent to constant current.
Boost Charge: When the battery has
charged to the Boost voltage set-point, it
undergoes an absorption stage which is
equivalent to constant voltage regulation to
prevent heating and excessive gassing in the
battery. The default time for this is 120
minutes for the Adventurer
Float Charge: After Boost Charge, the
controller will reduce the battery voltage to a
float voltage set point. Once the battery is
fully charged, there will be no more chemical
reactions and all the charge current would
turn into heat or gas. Because of this, the
charge controller will reduce the voltage
charge to smaller quantity, while lightly
charging the battery. The purpose for this is
to offset the power consumption while
maintaining a full battery storage capacity. In
the event that a load drawn from the battery
exceeds the charge current, the controller
will no longer be able to maintain the battery
to a Float set point and the controller will end
the float charge stage and refer back to bulk
charging.
Equalization: Is carried out every 28 days
of the month. It is intentional overcharging of
the battery for a controlled period of time.
Certain types of batteries benefit from
periodic equalizing charge, which can stir the
electrolyte, balance battery voltage and
complete chemical reaction. Equalizing
charge increases the battery voltage, higher
than the standard complement voltage,
which gasifies the battery electrolyte.
WARNING: Once equalization is active in the battery charging, it will not exit this stage unless
there is adequate charging current from the solar panel. There should be NO load on the batteries
when in equalization charging stage.
WARNING: Over-charging and excessive gas precipitation may damage the battery plates and
activate material shedding on them. Too high of equalizing charge or for too long may cause
damage. Please carefully review the specific requirements of the battery used in the system.
WARNING: Equalization may increase battery voltage to a level damaging to sensitive DC loads.
Ensure that all load allowable input voltages are greater than the equalizing charging set point volta
4
Included Components
MC4 to Alligator Clips w/ Fuse
Used for connecting charge controller to battery. The entire cable from
the charge controller to the alligator clips measures 9.9 feet with an inline fuse of 10A
Optional Components
Optional components that require a separate purchase:
Remote Temperature Sensor
Measures the temperature at the battery and uses this data for very
accurate temperature compensation. The sensor is supplied with a 9.9
feet cable length that connects to the charge controller.
5
Identification of Parts
1
2
3
8
4
7
6
5
Key Parts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
20A Voyager Charge Controller
Junction Box
MC4 Connectors
Tilt Stands
Battery Alligator Clips
In-line fuse (10A)
Latch
Handle
Case (Not pictured)
6
2
1
3
4
6
5
7
Key Parts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Backlit LCD
AMP/VOLT Button
BATTERY TYPE Button
LED Bar
Remote Temperature Sensor Port
Battery Terminals
Solar Terminals
7
Installation
1. Unlatch and unfold unit then connect MC4 Connectors
2. Connect Battery Alligator Clips to 12V Battery
8
3. Unscrew butterfly nut tilt to desired angle and lock butterfly nut
To maximize the output, adjust the angle of the suitcase regularly to track the sun’s movement
throughout the season
Summer
𝜃 = 𝐿𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑑𝑒 – 15°
Fall and Spring
𝜃 = 𝑎𝑡 𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑑𝑒
𝜃
Winter
𝜃 = 𝐿𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑑𝑒 + 15°
9
Operation
When the controller powers on, the Voyager will run a self-quality check mode and automatically
display the figures on LCD before going into auto work.
Self-test starts, digital meter segments test
Software version test
Rated voltage Test
Rated Current Test
External battery temperature sensor test (if connected)
Selecting Battery Type
WARNING: Incorrect battery type setting may damage your battery. Please check your battery
manufacturer’s specifications to when selecting battery type.
The Voyager provides 7 battery types for selection: Lithium-ion, LiFePO4, LTO, Gel, AGM,
Flooded, and Calcium Battery.
Press and hold the BATTERY TYPE Button for 3 seconds to go into battery selection mode.
Press the BATTERY TYPE Button until the desired battery is displayed. After a few seconds, the
highlighted battery type will automatically be selected.
NOTE: Lithium ion batteries shown in the LCD indicate different types shown below:
o Lithium Cobalt Oxide LiCoO2 (LCO) battery
o Lithium Manganese Oxide LiMn2O4 (LMQ) battery
o Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide LiNiMnCoO2 (NMC) battery
o Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide LiNiCoAlo2 (NCA) battery
LiFePO4 battery indicates Lithium-iron Phosphate or LFP Battery
LTO Battery indicates Lithium Titanate Oxidized, Li4Ti5O12 Battery
AMP/VOLT Button
Pressing the AMP/VOLT Button will sequence through the following display parameters: Battery
Voltage, Charging Current, Charged Capacity (Amp-hour), and Battery Temperature (if external
temperature sensor connected)
10
Normal Sequencing Display
ºC
V
A
AH
NOTE: The following is an alternative display voltage for when the battery is Fully charged
V
LED Display
System Status Icons
LED Behavior
LED Indicators
LED Color
Soft-chargeing
Bulk charging
( BV < 11.5V )
Bulk charging
( 11.5V < BV < 12.5V )
Bulk charging
( BV > 12.5V )
Absorption charging
Float charging
Solar weak
( Dawn or Dusk )
In the night
RED
BLUE
RED
ORANGE
GREEN
GREEN
ON
FLASH
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
FLASH
OFF
OFF
OFF
According to BV
OFF
OFF
NOTE: BV = Battery Voltage
11
LED Error Behavior
LED Indicators
LED Color
Solar good,
BV < 3V
Solar good
battery reversed
Solar good,
battery over-voltage
Solar off,
battery over-voltage
Solar good,
battery over 65⁰C
Battery good,
solar reversed
Battery good, solar overvoltage
Over Temperature
Protection
Error
Code
Screen
RED
BLUE
RED
ORANGE
GREEN
GREEN
ON
OFF
FLASH
OFF
OFF
OFF
‘b01’
FLASH
ON
OFF
FLASH
OFF
OFF
OFF
‘b02’
FLASH
ON
OFF
FLASH
FLASH
FLASH
OFF
‘b03’
FLASH
OFF
OFF
FLASH
FLASH
FLASH
OFF
‘b03’
FLASH
ON
OFF
FLASH
FLASH
FLASH
OFF
‘b04’
FLASH
FLASH
OFF
OFF
‘PO1’
FLASH
OFF
‘PO2’
FLASH
‘otP’
FLASH
According to BV
FLASH
OFF
System Status Troubleshooting
Description
Troubleshoot
Battery over voltage
Use a multi-meter to check the voltage of the battery. Make
sure the battery voltage is not exceeding the rated
specification of the charge controller. Disconnect battery.
Charge controller does not
charge during daytime when
the sun is shining on the
solar panels.
Confirm that there is a tight and correct connection from the
battery bank to the charge controller and the solar panels to
the charge controller. Use a multi-meter to check if the polarity
of the solar modules has been reversed on the charge
controller’s solar terminals.
Everything is connected
correctly, but the LCD on the
controller does not turn on
Check the rated battery voltage. The LCD will not display on
the charge controller unless there is at least 9V coming from
the battery bank.
12
Maintenance
For best controller performance, it is recommended that these tasks be performed from time to
time.
1. Check wiring going into the charge controller and make sure there is no wire damage or
wear.
2. Tighten all terminals and inspect any loose, broken, or burnt up connections
3. Make sure readings in the LCD and LED are consistent.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Can the kit charge two or more 12V batteries connected in parallel?
A. Yes, it’s possible if the batteries have the same type and capacity and are wired in parallel as
a single 12V battery bank.
Q. Is there any risk that the solar kit will over charge my battery?
A. One of the functions of the solar charge controller is to ensure that your battery is not over
charged; therefore there is no risk of overcharge.
Q. Can I extend the battery leads?
A. Yes, it’s possible – please choose the same size of cable for extension. However, there longer
the extension, the greater the line loss. Bigger gauge will be required for longer runs.
Q. Do I need to clean the solar panels?
A. Yes, it is recommended for better performance. Dust and dirt should first be swept off the
panel surface using a soft brush. When the sweeping is complete, use a wet cloth to wipe the
panel surface to remove remaining dirt and grime.
Q. Can rain damage the solar kit?
A. The solar panels and charge controller are both fully waterproof (IP66, IP65).
13
Technical Specifications
Solar Panel Parameters
Description
Maximum Power
Open Circuit Voltage (Voc)
Short Circuit Current (Isc)
Maximum Power Voltage (Vmp)
Maximum Power Current (Imp)
Cell Type
Operating Temperature
Folded Size
Net Weight
100 W Parameters
100 W
21.6 V
6.10 A
17.6 V
5.68 A
Monocrystalline
−40°F to +185°F
21.1 X 21.5 X 3.1 in
19.40 lbs.
200 W Parameters
200 W
21.2 V
12.12 A
17.7 V
11.3 A
Monocrystalline
−40°F to +185°F
41.3 X 21.1 X 3.1 in
33.60 lbs.
Charge Controller Parameters
Electrical Parameters
Model Rating
Normal Battery Voltage
Maximum Solar Voltage(OCV)
Maximum Battery Voltage
Rated Charging Current
Battery Start Charging Voltage
Electrical Protection and Feature
20A
12V
26V
17V
20A
3V
Spark-free protection.
Reverse polarity solar and battery connection
Reverse current from battery to solar panel protection at
night
Over temperature protection with derating charging
current
Grounding
EMC Conformity
Self-consumption
Mechanical Parameters
Dimensions
Weight
Mounting
Ingress Protection Rating
Maximum Terminals Wire Size
Terminals Screw Torque
Transient overvoltage protection, at the solar input and
battery output protects against surge voltage
Common Negative
FCC Part-15 class B compliant; EN55022:2010;
< 8mA
L6.38 x W3.82 x H1.34 inches
0.88 lbs.
Vertical Wall Mounting
IP65
10AWG ( 5 mm2 )
13 lbf·in
14
Operating Temperature
Meter Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature Range
Temp. Comp. Coefficient
Temp. Comp. Range
Operating Humidity
-40 ⁰F to +140 ⁰F
-4 ⁰F to +140 ⁰F
-40 ⁰F to +185 ⁰F
-24mV / °C
-4°F ~ 122°F
100% ( No condensation )
Battery Charging Parameters
Charging Stages
Soft-Charge
Output battery voltage is 3V-10VDC,
Current = half of the solar panel current
Bulk
10VDC to 14VDC
Current = Rated Charge Current
Absorption
Constant voltage until current drops to 0.75/1.0 amps and holds for 30s.
@ 25°C
Minimum 2 hours charging time and maximum 4 hours’ time out
If charging current < 0.2A, stage will end.
Li-ion
12.6V
Equalization
LiFePO4
14.4V
LTO
14.0V
GEL
14.1V
AGM
14.4V
WET
14.7V
CALCIUM
14.9V
Only Wet (Flooded) or Calcium Batteries will equalize, 2 hours maximum
Wet (Flooded) = if discharge below 11.5V OR every 28 days charging
period.
Calcium = every charging cycle
Wet (Flooded)
15.5V
Calcium
15.5V
Float
Li-ion
N/A
LiFePO4
N/A
LTO
N/A
GEL
13.6V
AGM
13.6V
WET
13.6V
CALCIUM
13.6V
Under Voltage
Recharging
Li-ion
12.0V
LiFePO4
13.4V
LTO
13.4V
GEL
12.8V
AGM
12.8V
WET
12.8V
CALCIUM
12.8V
Charging Parameters Glossary
Equalization Voltage—equalization voltage is a corrective over-charge of the battery. The user
should consult their battery manufacturer regarding specific battery equalization capacity. This
parameter sets the equalization voltage to set the battery at when it reaches the equalization
state.
Boost Voltage—users should check with their battery manufacturer for proper charging
parameters. In this stage, users set the boost voltage where the battery will reach a voltage
level and remain there until the battery undergoes an absorption stage
15
Float Voltage—once the charge controller recognizes the set float voltage, it will commence
floating. The battery is supposed to be fully charged in his state, and the charge current is
reduced to maintain battery stability levels.
State of Charge
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0
12 V Battery
12.7
12.5
12.42
12.32
12.20
12.06
11.9
11.75
11.58
11.31
10.5
Volts per Cell
2.12
2.08
2.07
2.05
2.03
2.01
1.98
1.96
1.93
1.89
1.75
Dimensions
Voyager
100W Eclipse Suitcase
16
•
Leg stand length: 18 in. (long part), 14.5in. (short part)
200W Eclipse Suitcase
•
Leg stand length: 26.3 in. (long part), 23.3 in. (short part)
17
Renogy reserves the right to change the contents of this manual without notice.
18
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