Micronet SP3364C ADSL2 Modem Router Manual

Micronet SP3364C ADSL2  Modem Router Manual
Micronet
Faster and Easier Networks
User’s Manual
ADSL2+ Modem Router
Model No. SP3361C, SP3362C, SP3364C
http://www.micronet.info
R
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Micronet. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any
language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of this
company.
Disclaimer
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with
respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or
fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed
"as is". Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not this
company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair,
and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software.
Further, this company reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from
time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or
changes.
Caution
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions.
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Per FCC 15.21, you are cautioned that changes or modifications not expressly approved by
the part responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or
registered trademarks of their respective holders.
1
Contents
1. Introduction ................................................................................................4
1.1 Introduction to this ADSL2+ router ........................................................... 4
1.2 Product Features......................................................................................... 4
2. Hardware Installation.................................................................................7
2.1 System Requirements................................................................................. 7
2.2 Package Contents ....................................................................................... 7
2.3 Front Panel Indicators and Description .................................................... 7
2.4 Back Panel ................................................................................................... 9
2.5 Connect Related Devices ......................................................................... 10
3. Connecting ADSL2+ Router via Ethernet............................................... 11
3.1 Setup ADSL2+ router via Ethernet Cable.................................................11
3.2 Setup ADSL2+ router via USB Cable (with USB port Model) .....................11
3.3 Configure TCP/IP....................................................................................... 15
4. Configure ADSL2+ Router via HTML Interface ......................................30
4.1 Login........................................................................................................... 30
4.2 Status ......................................................................................................... 31
4.3 LAN ............................................................................................................. 32
4.4 WAN ............................................................................................................ 33
4.4.1 Channel Configuration................................................................... 33
4.4.2 ATM Settings ................................................................................... 34
4.4.3 ADSL Settings................................................................................. 35
4.5 Service........................................................................................................ 36
4.5.1 DHCP ............................................................................................... 36
4.5.2 DNS .................................................................................................. 37
4.5.2.1 DNS Server........................................................................... 37
4.5.2.2 Dynamic DNS ....................................................................... 38
4.5.3 Firewall ............................................................................................ 39
4.5.3.1 IP/Port Filtering.................................................................... 39
4.5.3.2 MAC Filtering ....................................................................... 40
4.5.3.3 Port Forwarding................................................................... 41
4.5.3.4 URL Blocking ....................................................................... 42
4.5.3.5 Domain Blocking ................................................................. 43
4.5.3.6 DMZ....................................................................................... 43
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4.5.4 IGMP Proxy ..................................................................................... 44
4.5.5 UPnP ................................................................................................ 45
4.5.6 RIP ................................................................................................... 45
4.6 Advance ..................................................................................................... 47
4.6.1 ARP Table ........................................................................................ 47
4.6.2 Bridging........................................................................................... 47
4.6.3 Routing ............................................................................................ 48
4.6.4 SNMP ............................................................................................... 50
4.6.5 IP QoS.............................................................................................. 51
4.6.6 Remote Access............................................................................... 52
4.6.7 Others.............................................................................................. 53
4.7 Diagnostic .................................................................................................. 53
4.7.1 Ping.................................................................................................. 53
4.7.2 ATM Loopback ................................................................................ 54
4.7.3 ADSL................................................................................................ 55
4.7.4 Diagnostic Test ............................................................................... 55
4.8 Admin ......................................................................................................... 56
4.8.1 Commit/Reboot............................................................................... 56
4.8.2 Backup/Restore .............................................................................. 56
4.8.3 Password ........................................................................................ 57
4.8.4 Upgrade Firmware .......................................................................... 57
4.8.5 ACL Configuration.......................................................................... 58
4.8.6 Time Zone........................................................................................ 58
4.8.7 TR-069 Configuration ..................................................................... 59
4.9 Statistics .................................................................................................... 61
4.9.1 Interface .......................................................................................... 61
4.9.2 ADSL................................................................................................ 61
3
Chapter 1.
Introduction
1.1 Introduction to this ADSL2+ router
The Micronet ADSL2+ Modem Router is a full-featured ADSL router that provides Ethernet
direct connections to individual PCs or local area network with 10/100 Base-T Ethernet. This
product use advanced ADSL chipset solution with complete set of industry standard features
and high-speed ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Internet access solution for SOHO and residential
users. User can enjoy higher quality multimedia and real-time applications such as online
gaming, Video-on-Demand and other bandwidth consuming services. Also the feature-rich
routing functions are seamlessly integrated to ADSL service for existing corporate or home
users.
1.2 Product Features
1
High Speed Internet Access
This ADSL router complies with ADSL / ADSL2 / ADSL2+ standards. It can support
downstream rates of up to 24Mbps and upstream rates of up to 1Mbps. This ADSL router is
compliant with the following standards.
2
z
ANSI T1.413 issue 2
z
ITU-T G.992.1 (G.dmt)
z
ITU-T G.992.2 (G.lite)
z
G.994.1 (G.hs, Multimode)
z
ITU-T G.992.3 (ADSL2 G.dmt.bis)
z
ITU-T G.992.4 (ADSL2 G.lite.bis)
z
ITU-T G.992.5 (ADSL2+; Annex A, B, I, J, L & M)
z
Reach Extended ADSL (RE ADSL)
Quick Installation Wizard
Support Quick Installation Wizard Web GUI and Easy setup software to install this ADSL
router easily and quickly.
4
3
4
Multi-connection protocol support
z
Multi Protocol over AAL5 (RFC1483 / 2684)
z
Classical IP over ATM (RFC 1577)
z
VC and LLC Multiplexing
z
PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516)
z
PPP over ATM (RFC 2364)
Network Address Translation (NAT)
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows the translation of an Internet protocol address used
within one network (for example a private IP address used in a local network) to a different IP
address known within another network (for example a public IP address used on the Internet).
5
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)
Universal Plug and Play is a standard that uses Internet and Web protocols to enable devices
such as PCs, peripherals, intelligent appliances, and wireless devices to be plugged into a
network and automatically know about each other. This protocol is used to enable simple and
robust connectivity among stand-alone devices and PCs.
6
Dynamic DNS Support
With Dynamic DNS support, you can have a static hostname alias for a dynamic IP address,
allowing the host to be more easily accessible from various locations on the Internet. You must
register for this service with a Dynamic DNS client.
7
DHCP Support
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows individual clients to obtain TCP/IP
configuration at start-up from a centralized DHCP server. The ADSL router has built-in DHCP
server capability enabled by default. It can assign IP addresses, an IP default gateway and
DNS servers to DHCP clients. It can also act as a surrogate DHCP server (DHCP Relay)
where it relays IP address assignment from the actual real DHCP server to the clients.
8
Device Management
z
Web-based GUI Configuration / Management
z
Command-line Interpreter (CLI)
z
Telnet Remote Management
z
Firmware upgrade via FTP / TFTP (Web-based GUI)
z
Built-in Diagnostic tool and IP Ping
5
9
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) Support
It’s an easy way to remote control the router via SNMP.
10 10/100M Auto-negotiation Fast Ethernet switch
This auto-negotiation feature allows the router to detect the speed of incoming transmissions
and adjust appropriately without manual intervention. It allows data transfer of either 10 Mbps
or 100 Mbps in either half-duplex or full-duplex mode depending on your Ethernet network.
11 Multiple PVC (Permanent Virtual Circuits) Support
z
Supports OAM F4/F5 loop-back, AIS and RDI OAM cells.
z
ATM Forum UNI 3.1/4.0 PVC
z
Support up to 8PVCs.
12 Bridging / Routing support
z
Ethernet to ADSL self-learning Transparent Bridging (IEEE 802.1D)
z
IP routing-RIPv2 (backward compatible with RIPv1)
z
Static IP routing
z
Routing (TCP/IP/UDP/ARP/ICMP)
z
IP Multicast IGMP v1/v2
13 Security
z
PPP over PAP (Password Authentication Protocol; RFC1334)
z
PPP over CHAP (Challenge Authentication Protocol; RFC1994)
z
VPN (IPsec, PPTP, L2TP) pass through
z
Built-in NAT Firewall
z
IP-based Packet filtering
z
Password Protected System Management
6
Chapter 2.
Hardware Installation
2.1 System Requirements
z
Pentium III 266 MHz processor or higher
z
128 MB RAM minimum
z
20 MB of free disk space minimum
z
RJ-45 Ethernet Port
z
USB Port (SP3361C/SP3364C)
z
CD-ROM drive
2.2 Package Contents
z
ADSL Ethernet Router
z
RJ-45 Ethernet cable
z
RJ-11 Phone cable
z
Power Adapter
z
Software driver CD
z
USB Cable (SP3361C/SP3364C)
SP3361C/SP3362C
SP3364C
7
Front Panel Indicators and Description
Front panel of ADSL router has LED indicators to display router’s operating status.
-- SP3362C
-- SP3361C
Descriptions of LED status
ADSL
DATA
LAN
USB
PWR
When connection with Internet (ADSL Connected) is established, this LED will light up.
When this LED is flashing: NO ADSL physical connection
When router is transferring data between Internet and router, this LED will be flashing.
When connection 10/100MB with end user is established, this LED will light up. When
router is transferring data between router and end user, this LED will be flashing.
When an active USB cable is connected with router, this LED will light up.
(SP3361C/SP3364C)
When an active power adapter is connected with router, this LED will light up.
-- SP3364C
Descriptions of LED status
PWR
When an active power adapter is connected with router, this LED will light up.
USB
When an active USB cable is connected with router, this LED will light up.
LAN1~4
ADSL
When port 1~4 connection with PC or Switch / Hub is established, the crossponding
LED will light up.
When connection with Internet (ADSL Connected) is established, this LED will light up.
When this LED is flashing, no ADSL physical connection.
8
2.3 Back Panel
-- SP3362C
-- SP3361C
Descriptions of All Connectors
ADSL
Connect with phone cable
USB
Connect with USB cable to PC ( SP3361C)
Reset
Reset button.
LAN
Connect with Ethernet Cable to Switch Hub or PC
PWR
Connect with power adapter
ON/OFF
Power switch button
-- SP3364C
Descriptions of All Connectors
ON/OFF
PWR
1~4
Power switch button
Connect with power adapter
Connect with Ethernet Cable to Switch Hub or PC
Reset
Reset button
USB
Connect with USB cable to PC
ADSL
Connect with phone cable
9
2.4 Connect Related Devices
1) Connect Router to LINE
Plug the provided RJ-11 phone cable into ADSL port on the back panel of the
router and insert the other end into splitter or wall phone jack.
2) Connect Router to LAN
Plug RJ-45 Ethernet Cable into LAN port on the back panel of the router and insert
the other end of the Ethernet cable on your PC’s Ethernet port or switch / hub.
3) Connect Router to Power Adapter
Plug Power Adapter to PWR port on the back panel of the router and the other end
to a power outlet.
4) Press ON/OFF button to start the router
5) If you connect your router via USB cable, plug the provided USB cable into USB
port on the back panel of the router and insert the other end of the USB cable to your
PC.
Warning! Only use the power adapter provided in the package, otherwise it may cause
hardware damage.
10
Chapter 3. Connecting ADSL2+ Router via Ethernet
You can connect ADSL2+ router with PC through either Ethernet cable. You can change the
settings via WEB browser.
3.1 Setup ADSL2+ router via Ethernet Cable
If there is an available LAN card present on your PC, you just simply connect ADSL router and
PC through the Ethernet cable. Once you establish Internet connection, you could browse the
Web through the Ethernet cable.
3.2 Setup ADSL2+ router via USB Cable (SP3361C or SP3364C)
You can connect ADSL router with PC via USB cable when there is no LAN card present on
your PC. USB cable acts as another LAN connection in this scenario. Once you establish
Internet connection, you could browse the Web through the USB cable.
USB Device Driver Installation for Windows 7/Vista/XP/2000
Step 1: Connect ADSL Router and PC with USB cable.
Step 2: Once “Found New Hardware” window pops out, click “Cancel” and run CD-ROM.
11
Step 3: Insert the installation CD and the Easy Setup main page will appear as below,
Driver Installation: If router is connected through USB cable, click here to install USB driver.
User Manual: It describes detailed router setup and configuration.
Quick Guide: It describes the installation procedures.
Adobe: Click here to install Acrobat Reader.
Exit: Click here to exit the installation procedures
Step 4: If router is connected with USB cable, click “Install USB Driver”, the software kit will
automatically install USB driver. Please wait for a while during the configuration.
12
Step 5: Click “Install” to begin the installation.
Step 6: Click “Install this driver software anyway” to continue.
Step 7: Please wait for a while during the driver installing.
13
Step 8: After ADSL Router driver has been installed completely, you must restart your
computer. Choose “Yes, I want to restart my computer now.” And click “Finish” to
complete setup.
To verify your router is installed properly, please follow the below descriptions:
[For Windows 7 / Vista] Go through “Start Æ Control Panel Æ System Æ Device
Manager” to check if USB device is installed properly.
14
[For Windows XP / 2000] Go through “Start Æ Control Panel Æ System Æ Hardware Æ
Device Manager” to check if USB device is installed properly.
3.3 Configure TCP/IP
For Windows 2000
Step 1: (a) Right-click My Network Places and select Properties in the main window
screen
(b) Or, go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel, double-click
on Network and Dial-up Connections.
15
Step 2: Right click Local Area Connection (your local network hooked up with ADSL
router) and select Properties:
Step 3: Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) then click Properties:
16
Configure IP Automatically:
Step 4: Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically then click OK to complete IP configuring process.
Configure IP Manually:
Step 4: Select Use the following IP address and Use the following DNS server
addresses.
17
IP address: Fill in IP address 192.168.1.x (x is a number between 2 to 254).
Subnet mask: Default value is 255.255.255.0.
Default gateway: Default value is 192.168.1.1.
Preferred DNS server: Fill in preferred DNS server IP address.
Alternate DNS server: Fill in alternate DNS server IP address.
For Windows XP
Step 1: Click Start then select Control Panel (in the Classic View).
Step 2: Double-click Network Connections icon.
18
Step 3: Right-click Local Area Connection (local network your ADSL hooked up with)
and select Properties:
Step 4: Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) then click Properties:
19
Configure IP address Automatically:
Step 5: Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically. Click OK to finish the configuration.
Configure IP Address Manually:
Step 5: Select Use the following IP address and Use the following DNS server
addresses.
20
IP address: Fill in IP address 192.168.1.x (x is a number between 2 to 254).
Subnet mask: Default value is 255.255.255.0.
Default gateway: Default value is 192.168.1.1.
Preferred DNS server: Fill in preferred DNS server IP address.
Alternate DNS server: Fill in alternate DNS server IP address.
You can use ping command under DOS prompt to check if you have setup TCP/IP protocol
correctly and if your computer has successfully connected to this router.
1) Type ping 192.168.1.1 under DOS prompt and the following messages will appear:
If the communication link between your computer and router is not setup correctly, after you
type ping 192.168.1.1 under DOS prompt following messages will appear:
Pinging 192.168.1.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
This failure might be caused by cable issue or something wrong in configuration procedure.
For Windows Vista
Step 1: Click Start then select Control Panel (in the Classic View).
21
Step 2: Double-click Network and Sharing Center icon.
Step 3: Select “Manage Network connections”.
22
Step 4: Right-click Local Area Connection (local network your ADSL hooked up with)
and select Properties:
Step 5: Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click Properties:
23
Configure IP address Automatically:
Step 6: Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically. Click OK to finish the configuration.
Configure IP Address Manually:
Step 7: Select Use the following IP address and Use the following DNS server
addresses.
24
IP address: Fill in IP address 192.168.1.x (x is a number between 2 to 254).
Subnet mask: Default value is 255.255.255.0.
Default gateway: Default value is 192.168.1.1.
Preferred DNS server: Fill in preferred DNS server IP address.
Alternate DNS server: Fill in alternate DNS server IP address.
You can use ping command under DOS prompt to check if you have setup TCP/IP protocol
correctly and if your computer has successfully connected to this router.
1) Type ping 192.168.1.1 under DOS prompt and the following messages will appear:
If the communication link between your computer and router is not setup correctly, after you
type ping 192.168.1.1 under DOS prompt following messages will appear:
Pinging 192.168.1.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
This failure might be caused by cable issue or something wrong in configuration procedure.
For Windows 7
Step 1: Click Start then select Control Panel.
25
Step 2: Double-click Network and Sharing Center icon.
Step 3: Select “Local Area Connection #”. (local network your ADSL hooked up with)
26
Step 4: Select Properties:
Step 5: Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click Properties:
27
Configure IP address Automatically:
Step 6: Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically. Click OK to finish the configuration.
Configure IP Address Manually:
Step 7: Select Use the following IP address and Use the following DNS server
addresses.
28
IP address: Fill in IP address 192.168.1.x (x is a number between 2 to 254).
Subnet mask: Default value is 255.255.255.0.
Default gateway: Default value is 192.168.1.1.
Preferred DNS server: Fill in preferred DNS server IP address.
Alternate DNS server: Fill in alternate DNS server IP address.
You can use ping command under DOS prompt to check if you have setup TCP/IP protocol
correctly and if your computer has successfully connected to this router.
1) Type ping 192.168.1.1 under DOS prompt and the following messages will appear:
If the communication link between your computer and router is not setup correctly, after you
type ping 192.168.1.1 under DOS prompt following messages will appear:
Pinging 192.168.1.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
This failure might be caused by cable issue or something wrong in configuration procedure.
29
Chapter 4. Configure Device via HTML Interface
ADSL2+ Router supports a Web-based (HTML) GUI to allow users to configure Router setting
via Web browser.
4.1 Login
1) Launch the Web browser.
2) Enter the default IP address http://192.168.1.1
3) Entry of the username and password will be displayed. Enter the default login
User Name and Password as admin and admin.
30
The main webpage will be displayed as below:
4.2 Status
This page displays the ADSL router’s current status and settings. This information is read-only
except for the PPPoE/PPPoA Channel for which user can connect/disconnect the channel on
demand. Click “Refresh” button to update the status.
31
Connect/Disconnect: The two buttons take effect only when PVC is configured as
PPPoE/PPPoA mode. Click Connect/Disconnect button to connect/disconnect the PPP dial up
link.
4.3 LAN
This page shows the current setting or LAN interface. You can set IP address and subnet
mask for LAN interface in this page.
IP Address -- The IP Address which your LAN hosts use to identify the device’s LAN port.
Subnet Mask -- LAN Subnet mask.
Apply Change -- Click to save the setting to the configuration. New parameters will take effect
after save into flash memory and reboot the system.
32
4.4 WAN
There are three sub-menus for WAN configuration: Channel Config, ATM Settings, and
ADSL Settings.
4.4.1 Channel Configuration
ADSL router comes with 8 ATM Permanent Virtual Channels (PVCs) at the most. There are
mainly three operations for each of the PVC channels: add, delete, and modify. And there are
several channel modes to be selected for each PVC channel. For each of the channel modes,
the setting is quite different accordingly.
Add -- Click Add to complete the channel setup and add this PVC channel into configuration.
Modify -- Select an existing PVC channel by clicking the radio button at the Select column of
the Current ATM VC Table before we can modify the PVC channel. After selecting a PVC
channel, we can modify the channel configuration at this page. Click Modify to complete the
channel modification and apply to the configuration.
Delete -- Select an existing PVC channel to be deleted by clicking the radio button at the
Select column of the Current ATM VC Table. Click Delete to delete this PVC channel from
configuration.
33
4.4.2 ATM Settings
This page is for ATM PVC QoS parameters setting. The DSL device supports 4 QoS modes –
CBR, rt-VBR, nrt-VBR, and UBR.
VPI -- Virtual Path Identifier. This is read-only field and is selected on the Select column in
the Current ATM VC Table.
VCI -- Virtual Channel Identifier. This is read-only field and is selected on the Select
column in the Current ATM VC Table. The VCI, together with VPI, is used to identify
the next destination of a cell as it passes through to the ATM switch.
QoS -- Quality of Server, a characteristic of data transmission that measures how accurately
and how quickly a message or data is transferred from a source host to a destination
host over a network. The four QoS options are:
− UBR (Unspecified Bit Rate): When UBR is selected, the SCR and MBS fields are
disabled.
− CBR (Constant Bit Rate): When CBR is selected, the SCR and MBS fields are
disabled.
− nrt-VBR (non-real-time Variable Bit Rate): When nrt-VBR is selected, the SCR and
MBS fields are enabled.
− rt-VBR (real-time Variable Bit Rate): When rt-VBR is selected, the
SCR
and MBS
fields are enabled.
PCR -- Peak Cell Rate, measured in cells/sec., is the cell rate which the source may never
exceed.
SCR -- Sustained Cell Rate, measured in cells/sec., is the average cell rate over the duration
of the connection.
MBS -- Maximum Burst Size, a traffic parameter that specifies the maximum number of cells
that can be transmitted at the peak cell rate.
Apply Changes -- Set new PVC OoS mode for the selected PVC. New parameters will take
34
effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save
details.
Undo -- Discard your settings.
4.4.3 ADSL Settings
The ADSL Settings page allows you to select any combination of DSL training modes.
ADSL modulation -- Choose preferred xdsl standard protocols.
-- G.lite : G.992.2 Annex A
-- G.dmt : G.992.1 Annex A
-- T1.413 : T1.413 issue #2
-- ADSL2 : G.992.3 Annex A
-- ADSL2+ : G.992.5 Annex A
AnnexL Option -- Enable/Disable ADSL2/ADSL2+ Annex L capability
AnnexM Option -- Enable/Disable ADSL2/ADSL2+ Annex M capability.
ADSL Capability -- “Bitswap Enable”: Enable/Disable bitswap capability.
“SRA Enable”: Enable/Disable SRA (seamless rate adaptation) capability.
Tone Mask -- Choose tones to be masked. Masked tones will not carry any data.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting to the configuration and the modem will be
retrained.
35
4.5 Service
There are three sub-menus for Service configuration: DHCP Settings, DNS, Firewall, IGMP
Proxy, UPnP, and RIP.
4.5.1 DHCP
This page is used to configure [DHCP Relay] and [DHCP Server].
[DHCP Server]
By default, the device is configured as a DHCP server, with a predefined IP address pool of
192.168.1.2 through 192.168.1.100 (subnet mask 255.255.255.0).
IP Pool Range -- Specify the lowest and highest addresses in the pool.
Max Lease Time -- The Lease Time is the amount of time that a network user is allowed to
maintain a network connection to the device using the current dynamic IP address. At the end
of the Lease Time, the lease is either renewed or a new IP is issued by the DHCP server. The
amount of time is in units of seconds. The default value is 86400 seconds (1 day). The
value –1 stands for the infinite lease.
Domain Name -- A user-friendly name that refers to the group of hosts (subnet) that will be
assigned addresses from this pool.
Apply Changes -- Set new DHCP server configuration. New parameters will take effect after
save into flash memory and reboot the system.
Undo – Discard your changes.
[DHCP Relay]
Some ISPs perform the DHCP server function for their customers’ home/small office network.
36
In this case, you can configure this device to act as a DHCP relay agent. When a host on your
network requests Internet access, the device contacts your ISP to obtain the IP configuration,
and then forward that information to the host. You should set the DHCP mode after you
configure the DHCP relay.
DHCP Mode -- Specify the IP address of your ISP’s DHCP server. Requests for IP information
from your LAN will be passed to the default gateway, which should route the request
appropriately.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting to the configuration.
4.5.2 DNS
There are two submenus for the DNS Configuration: [DNS Server] and [Dynamic DNS].
4.5.2.1 DNS Server
This page is used to select the way to obtain the IP addresses of the DNS servers.
Attain DNS Automatically -- Select this item if you want to use the DNS servers obtained by
the WAN interface via the auto-configuration mechanism.
Set DNS Manually -- Select this item to configure up to three DNS IP addresses.
Apply Changes -- Set new DNS relay configuration. New parameters will take effect after
save into flash memory and reboot the system.
37
4.5.2.2 Dynamic DNS
Each time your device connects to the Internet, your ISP assigns a different IP address to your
device. In order for you or other users to access your device from the WAN-side, you need to
manually track the IP that is currently used. The Dynamic DNS feature allows you to register
your device with a DNS server and access your device each time using the same host name.
The Dynamic DNS page allows you to enable/disable the Dynamic DNS feature.
DDNS provider -- There are two DDNS providers to be selected in order to register your
device with: DynDNS and TZO. A charge may occur depends on the service you select.
Hostname -- Domain name to be registered with the DDNS server
User Name -- User-name assigned by the DDNS service provider.
Password -- Password assigned by the DDNS service provider.
Email -- Enter Email for TZO settings.
Key -- Enter key for TZO settings.
Add -- Click Add to add this registration into the configuration.
Remove -- Select an existing DDNS registration by clicking the radio button at the Select
column of the Dynamic DNS Table. Click Remove button to remove the selected registration
from the configuration.
38
4.5.3 Firewall
Firewall contains several features that are used to deny or allow traffic from passing through
the device.
4.5.3.1 IP/Port Filtering
The IP/Port filtering feature allows you to deny/allow specific services or applications in the
forwarding path.
Outgoing Default Action -- Specify the default action on the LAN to WAN forwarding path.
Incoming Default Action -- Specify the default action on the WAN to LAN forwarding path.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting of default actions to the configuration.
Direction -- Traffic forwarding direction.
Protocol -- There are 3 options available: TCP, UDP and ICMP.
Rule Action -- Deny or allow traffic when matching this rule.
Source IP Address -- The source IP address assigned to the traffic on which filtering is
applied.
Source Subnet Mask -- Subnet-mask of the source IP.
Source Port -- Starting and ending source port numbers.
Destination IP Address -- The destination IP address assigned to the traffic on which filtering
is applied.
Destination Subnet Mask -- Subnet-mask of the destination IP.
Destination Port -- Starting and ending destination port numbers.
Delete Selected -- Delete selected filtering rules from the filter table. You can click the
checkbox at the Select column to select the filtering rule.
Delete All -- Delete all filtering rules from the filter table.
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4.5.3.2 MAC Filtering
The MAC filtering feature allows you to define rules to allow or deny frames through the device
based on source MAC address, destination MAC address, and traffic direction.
Outgoing Default Action -- Specify the default action on the LAN to WAN bridging/forwarding
path.
Incoming Default Action -- Specify the default action on the WAN to LAN bridging/forwarding
path.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting of default actions to the configuration.
Direction -- Traffic bridging/forwarding direction.
Rule Action -- Deny or allow traffic when matching this rule.
Source MAC Address -- The source MAC address. It must be xxxxxxxxxxxx format. Blanks
can be used in the MAC address space and are considered as don’t care.
Destination MAC Address -- The destination MAC address. It must be xxxxxxxxxxxx format.
Blanks can be used in the MAC address space and are considered as don’t care.
Delete Selected -- Delete selected filtering rules from the filter table. You can click the
checkbox at the Select column to select the filtering rule.
Delete All -- Delete all filtering rules from the filter table.
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4.5.3.3 Port Forwarding
Firewall keeps unwanted traffic from the Internet away from your LAN computers. Add a Port
Forwarding entry will create a tunnel through your firewall so that the computers on the Internet
can communicate to one of the computers on your LAN on a single port.
Port Forwarding -- Check this item to enable or disable the port-forwarding feature.
Protocol -- There are 3 options available: TCP, UDP and Both.
Local IP Address -- IP address of your local server that will be accessed by Internet.
Local Port -- The destination port number that is made open for this application on the
LAN-side.
Remote IP Address -- The source IP address from which the incoming traffic is allowed.
Leave blank for all.
Public Port -- The destination port number that is made open for this application on the
WAN-side
Interface -- Select the WAN interface on which the port-forwarding rule is to be applied.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the rule entry to the configuration.
Delete Selected -- Delete the selected port forwarding rules from the forwarding table. You
can click the checkbox at the Select column to select the forwarding rule.
Delete All -- Delete all forwarding rules from the forwarding table.
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4.5.3.4 URL Blocking
This page is used to configure the Blocked FQDN (such as tw.yahoo.com) and filtered
keyword. Here you can add/delete FQDN and filtered keyword.
URL Blocking -- Check this item to enable or disable the URL Blocking feature.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the rule entry to the configuration.
FQDN -- Enter URL link which you want to filter in this section; and then click Add to save the
change.
Delete Selected -- Delete the selected URL Blocking rules from the table. You can click the
checkbox at the Select column to select the blocking rule.
Delete All -- Delete all URL blocking rules from the table.
Keyword -- Entry the keyword which you want to filter in this section; and then click Add to
save the change.
Delete Selected -- Delete the selected Keyword Filtering rules from the table. You can click
the checkbox at the Select column to select the filtering rule.
Delete All -- Delete all Keyword Filtering rules from the table.
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4.5.3.5 Domain Blocking
This page is used to configure the Blocked domain. Here you can add/delete the block domain.
Domain Blocking -- Check this item to enable or disable the Domain Blocking feature.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the rule entry to the configuration.
Domain -- A user-friendly name that refers to the group of hosts (subnet) that will be blocked.
Delete Selected -- Delete the selected Domain Blocking rules from the table. You can click the
checkbox at the Select column to select the filtering rule.
Delete All -- Delete all Domain Blocking rules from the table.
.5.3.6 DMZ
A DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) allows a single computer on your LAN to expose ALL of its ports
to the Internet. Enter the IP address of that computer as a DMZ (Demilitarized
Zone)
host
with unrestricted Internet access. When doing this, the DMZ host is no longer behind the
firewall.
DMZ Host -- Check this item to enable the DMZ feature.
DMZ Host IP Address -- IP address of the local host. This feature sets a local host to be
exposed to the Internet.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting to the configuration.
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4.5.4 IGMP Proxy
Multicasting is useful when the same data needs to be sent to more than one hosts. Using
multicasting as opposed to sending the same data to the individual hosts uses less network
bandwidth. The multicast feature also enables you to receive multicast video stream from
multicast servers.
IP hosts use Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) to report their multicast group
memberships to neighboring routers. Similarly, multicast routers use IGMP to discover which
of their hosts belong to multicast groups. This device supports IGMP proxy that handles IGMP
messages. When enabled, this device acts as a proxy for a LAN host making requests to join
and leave multicast groups, or a multicast router sending multicast packets to multicast group
on the WAN side.
When a host wishes to join a multicast group, it sends IGMP REPORT message to the
device’s IGMP downstream interface. The proxy sets up a multicast route for the interface and
host requesting the video content. It then forwards the Join to the upstream multicast router.
The multicast IP traffic will then be forwarded to the requesting host. On a leave, the proxy
removes the route and then forwards the leave to the upstream multicast router.
The IGMP Proxy page allows you to enable multicast on WAN and LAN interfaces. The LAN
interface is always served as downstream IGMP proxy, and you can configure one of the
available WAN interfaces as the upstream IGMP proxy.
Upstream: The interfaces that IGMP requests from hosts are sent to the multicast router.
Downstream: The interface data from the multicast router are sent to hosts in the multicast
group database.
IGMP Proxy -- Enable/disable IGMP proxy feature
Proxy Interface -- The upstream WAN interface is selected here.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting to the configuration.
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4.5.5 UPnP
The DSL device supports a control point for Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) version 1.0, and
supports two key features: NAT Traversal and Device Identification. This feature requires one
active WAN interface. In addition, the host should support this feature. In the presence of
multiple WAN interfaces, select an interface on which the incoming traffic is present.
With NAT Traversal, when an UPnP command is received to open ports in NAT, the
application translates the request into system commands to open the ports in NAT and the
firewall. The interface to open the ports on is given to UPnP when it starts up and is part of the
configuration of the application.
For Device Identification, the application will send a description of the DSL device as a control
point back to the host making the request.
UPnP -- Enable/disable UPnP feature.
WAN Interface -- Select WAN interface that will use UPnP from the drop-down lists.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting to the system configuration.
4.5.6 RIP
RIP is an Internet protocol you can set up to share routing table information with other routing
devices on your LAN, at your ISP’s location, or on remote networks connected to your network
via the ADSL line.
Most small home or office networks do not need to use RIP; they have only one router, such as
the ADSL Router, and one path to an ISP. In these cases, there is no need to share routes,
because all Internet data from the network is sent to the same ISP gateway.
You may want to configure RIP if any of the following circumstances apply to your network:
− Your home network setup includes an additional router or RIP-enabled PC (other than
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the ADSL Router). The ADSL Router and the router will need to communicate via RIP to
share their routing tables.
− Your network connects via the ADSL line to a remote network, such as a corporate
network. In order for your LAN to learn the routes used within your corporate network,
they should both be configured with RIP.
− Your ISP requests that you run RIP for communication with devices on their network.
RIP -- Enable/disable RIP feature.
Apply Changes -- Click to save the setting of this setting block to the system configuration
Interface -- The name of the interface on which you want to enable RIP.
Receive Mode -- Indicate the RIP version in which information must be passed to the DSL
device in order for it to be accepted into its routing table.
Send Mode -- Indicate the RIP version this interface will use when it sends its route
information to other devices.
Add -- Add a RIP entry and the new RIP entry will be display in the table
Delete Selected -- Delete a selected RIP entry. The RIP entry can be selected on the Select
column of the RIP Config Table.
Delete All -- Delete all RIP rules from the table.
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4.6 Advance
4.6.1 ARP Table
This table shows a list of learned MAC address.
4.6.2 Bridging
You can enable/disable Spanning Tree Protocol and set MAC address aging time in this page.
Ageing Time -- Set the Ethernet address ageing time, in seconds. After [Ageing Time]
seconds of not having seen a frame coming from a certain address, the bridge will time out
(delete) that address from Forwarding DataBase(fdb).
802.1d Spanning Tree -- Enable/disable the spanning tree protocol
Apply Changes -- Save this bridge configuration. New configuration will take effect after
saving into flash memory and rebooting the system.
Show MACs -- List MAC address in forwarding table.
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4.6.3 Routing
The Routing page enables you to define specific route for your Internet and network data. Most
users do not need to define routes. On a typical small home or office LAN, the existing routes
that set up the default gateways for your LAN hosts and for the DSL device provide the most
appropriate path for all your Internet traffic.
− On your LAN hosts, a default gateway directs all Internet traffic to the LAN port(s) on
the DSL device. Your LAN hosts know their default gateway either because you assigned
it to them when you modified your TCP/IP properties, or because you configured them to
receive the information dynamically from a server whenever they access the Internet.
− On the DSL device itself, a default gateway is defined to direct all outbound Internet
traffic to a route at your ISP. The default gateway is assigned either automatically by your
ISP whenever the device negotiates an Internet access, or manually by user to setup
through the configuration.
You may need to define routes if your home setup includes two or more networks or subnets, if
you connect to two or more ISP services, or if you connect to a remote corporate LAN.
Enable -- Check to enable the selected route or route to be added.
Destination -- The network IP address of the subnet. The destination can be specified as the
IP address of a subnet or a specific host in the subnet. It can also be specified as all zeros to
indicate that this route should be used for all destinations for which no other route is defined
(this is the route that creates the default gateway).
Subnet Mask -- The network mask for the destination subnet. The default gateway uses a
mask of 0.0.0.0.
Next Hop -- The IP address of the next hop through which traffic will flow towards the
destination subnet.
Metric -- Defines the number of hops between network nodes that data packets travel. The
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default value is 0, which means that the subnet is directly one hop away on the local LAN
network.
Interface -- The WAN interface for a static routing subnet is to be applied.
Add Route -- Add a user-defined destination route.
Update -- Update the selected destination route on the Static Route Table.
Delete Selected -- Delete a selected destination route on the Static Route Table.
Show Routes -- Click this button to view the DSL device’s routing table. The IP Route Table
displays, as shown in Figure.
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4.6.4 SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a troubleshooting and management protocol
that uses the UDP protocol on port 161 to communicate between clients and servers. The DSL
device can be managed locally or remotely by SNMP protocol.
SNMP -- Enable/disable RIP feature.
System Description -- System descriptions of the DSL device.
System Contact -- Contact person and/or contact information for the DSL device.
System Name -- An administratively assigned name for the DSL device.
System Location -- The physical locations of the DSL device.
System Object ID -- Vendor object identifier. The vendor’s authoritative identifications of the
network management sub-system contained in the entity.
Trap IP Address -- Destination IP address of the SNMP trap.
Community name (read-only) – Name of the read-only community. This read-only
community allows read operation to all objects in the MIB.
Community name (write-only) -- Name of the write-only community. This write-only
community allows write operation to the objects defines as read-writable in the MIB.
Apply Changes -- Save SNMP configuration. New configuration will take effect after saving
into flash memory and rebooting the system.
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4.6.5 IP QoS
The DSL device provides a control mechanism that can provide different priority to different
users or data flows. The QoS is enforced by the QoS rules in the QoS table. A QoS rule
contains two configuration blocks: Traffic Classification and Action. The Traffic
Classification enables you to classify packets on the basis of various fields in the packet and
perhaps the physical ingress port. The Action enables you to assign the strictly priority level
for and mark some fields in the packet that matches the Traffic Classification rule.
You can configure any or all field as needed in these two QoS blocks for a QoS rule.
IP QoS -- Enable/disable the IP QoS function.
Source IP -- The IP address of the traffic source.
Source Netmask --The source IP netmask. This field is required if the source IP has been
entered.
Source Port -- The source port of the selected protocol. You cannot configure this field without
entering the protocol first.
Destination IP -- The IP address of the traffic destination.
Destination Netmask -- The destination IP netmask. This field is required if the destination IP
has been entered.
Destination Port -- The destination port of the selected protocol. You cannot configure this
field without entering the protocol first.
Protocol -- The selections are TCP, UDP, ICMP and the blank for none. This field is required if
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the source port or destination port has been entered.
Physical Port -- The incoming ports. The selections include LAN ports, wireless port, and the
blank for not applicable.
Outbound Priority -- The priority level for the traffic that matches this classification rule. The
possible selections are (in the descending priority): p0, p1, p2, p3.
Precedence -- Select this field to mark the IP precedence bits in the packet that match this
classification rule.
TOS (Type of Service) -- Select this field to mark the IP TOS bits in the packet that match this
classification rule.
802.1p -- Select this field to mark the 3-bit user-priority field in the 802.1p header of the packet
that match this classification rule. Note that this 802.1p marking is workable on a given PVC
channel only if the VLAN tag is enabled in this PVC channel.
4.6.6 Remote Access
The Remote Access function can secure remote host access to your DSL device from LAN
and WLAN interfaces for some services provided by the DSL device.
LAN -- Check/un-check the services on the LAN column to allow/un-allow the services
access from LAN side; and “WAN”.
WAN -- Check/un-check the services on the WAN column to allow/un-allow the services
access from WAN side.
WAN Port -- This field allows the user to specify the port of the corresponding service. Take
the HTTP service for example; when it is changed to 8080, the HTTP server address for the
WAN side is http://dsl_addr:8080, where the dsl_addr is the WAN side IP address of the DSL
device.
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4.6.7 Others
Here you can set some other advanced settings
IP Pass through -- The available interfaces are listed. You have to select one for advanced
configuration.
Lease Time -- The Lease Time is the amount of time that a network user is allowed to
maintain a network connection to the device using the current IP address.
Allow LAN access – Check this option to enable the LAN access
4.7 Diagnostic
The DSL device supports some useful diagnostic tools.
4.7.1 Ping
Once you have your DSL device configured, it is a good idea to make sure you can ping the
network. A ping command sends a message to the host you specify. If the host receives the
message, it sends messages in reply. To use it, you must know the IP address of the host you
are trying to communicate with and enter the IP address in the Host Address field. Click Go! To
start the ping command, the ping result will then be shown in this page
Host Address -- The IP address you want to ping.
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4.7.2 ATM Loopback
In order to isolate the ATM interface problems, you can use ATM OAM loopback cells to verify
connectivity between VP/VC endpoints, as well as segment endpoints within the VP/VC. ATM
uses F4 and F5 cell flows as follows:
− F4: used in VPs
− F5: used in VCs
An ATM connection consists of a group of points. This OAM implementation provides
management for the following points:
− Connection endpoint: the end of a VP/VC connection where the ATM cell are
terminated
− Segment endpoint: the end of a connection segment.
This page allows you to use ATM ping, which generates F5 segment and end-to-end
loop-back cells to test the reach-ability of a segment endpoint or a connection endpoint.
Select PVC -- Select the PVC channel you want to do the loop-back diagnostic.
Flow Type -- The ATM OAM flow type. The selection can be F5 Segment or F5 End-to-End.
Loopback Location ID -- The loopback location ID is the field for the loop-back cell. The
default value is all Fs to indicate the endpoint of the segment or connection.
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4.7.3 ADSL
This page shows the ADSL diagnostic result. Click Start button to start the ADSL diagnostic.
4.7.4 Diagnostic Test
The Diagnostic Test page shows the test results for the connectivity of the physical layer and
protocol layer for both LAN and WAN sides.
Select the Internet Connection -- The available WAN side interfaces are listed. You have to
select one for the WAN side diagnostic.
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4.8 Admin
4.8.1 Commit/Reboot
Whenever you use the Web configuration to change system settings, the changes are initially
placed in temporary storage. These changes will be lost if the device is reset or turn off. To
save your change for future use, you can use the commit function
Commit and Reboot -- Whenever you use the web console to change system settings, the
changes are initially placed in temporary storage. To save your changes for future use, you
can use the Commit/Reboot function. This function saves your changes from RAM to flash
memory and reboot the system.
IMPORTANT! Do not turn off your modem or press the Reset button while this procedure is in
progress.
4.8.2 Backup/Restore
This page allows you to backup and restore your configuration into and from file in your host.
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4.8.3 Password
The first time you log into the system, you use the default password. There are two-level logins:
admin and admin. The admin and admin password configuration allows you to change the
password for administrator and user.
User Name -- Selection of user levels are: admin and user.
Old Password -- Enter the old password for this selected login.
New Password -- Enter the new password here.
Confirmed Password -- Enter the new password here again to confirm.
4.8.4 Upgrade Firmware
To upgrade the firmware for the DSL device:
− Click the Browse button to select the firmware file.
− Confirm your selection.
− Click the Upload button to start upgrading.
IMPORTANT! Do not turn off your DSL device or press the Reset button while this procedure
is in progress.
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4.8.5 ACL Configuration
The Access Control List (ACL) is a list of permissions attached to the DSL device. The list
specifies who is allowed to access this device. If ACL is enabled, all hosts cannot access this
device except for the hosts with IP address in the ACL table.
ACL Capability -- Enable/disable the ACL function
Enable -- Check to enable this ACL entry
Interface -- Select the interface domain: LAN or WAN
IP Address -- Enter the IP address that allows access to this device.
Subnet Mask -- Enter the Subnet Mask that allows access to this device.
4.8.6 Time Zone
Simple Network Timing Protocol (SNTP) is a protocol used to synchronize the system time
to the public SNTP servers. The DSL device supports SNTP client functionality in compliance
with IETF RFC2030. SNTP client functioning in daemon mode which issues sending client
requests to the configured SNTP server addresses periodically can configure the system clock
in the DSL device.
58
Current Time -- The current time of the specified time zone. You can set the current time by
yourself or configured by SNTP.
Time Zone -- Select time zone in which the DSL device resides.
Enable SNTP client update -- Enable the SNTP client to update the system clock.
SNTP server -- The IP address or the host name of the SNTP server. You can select from the
list or set it manually.
4.8.7 TR-069 Configuration
TR-069 is CPE Management Protocol from WAN side [CPE WAN Management Protocol
(CWMP)], intended for communication between a CPE and Auto-Configuration Server (ACS).
The CPE WAN Management Protocol defines a mechanism that encompasses secure
auto-configuration of a CPE, and also incorporates other CPE management functions into a
common framework.
[ACS]
URL -- URL of the auto configuration server (ACS) provided by the ISP
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User Name -- Entry the User name for ACS which is provided by ISP.
Password -- Entry the password for ACS which is provided by ISP.
Periodic Inform Enable -- Enable/disables the RG to connect to the ACS periodically. If you
enable this feature, you should enter a value in the Periodic Inform Interval field.
Periodic Inform Interval -- This field is enabled only when the Periodic Inform Enabled field is
checked. It defines the amount of time (in seconds) between a successful connection with an
ACS server and a new attempt to connect to an ACS server. A recommended value is 86400
seconds (1 day).
[Connection Request]
User Name -- Key in the User name for ADSL router.
Password -- Key in the password for ADSL router.
Path -- The path for connection request. Default is “/tr069”.
Port -- The port for connection request. Default is “7547”.
[Debug]
ACS Certificates CPE -- The ACS URL is used by the CPE for validating the certificate from
the ACS when using certificate-based authentication.
Show Message -- Enable/Disable Show message feature.
CPE Sends GetRPC -- Enable/Disable CPE sends GetRPC function.
Skip MReboot -- Enable/Disable Skip MRboot feature.
Delay -- Enable/Disable Delay feature.
Auto-Execution -- Enable/Disable Auto-Execution feature.
CT Inform Extension -- Enable/Disable Ct Inform Execution feature.
[Certificate Management]
CPE Certificate Password -- The password is for CPE certificate.
CPE Certificate -- Browse CPE certificate which is provided by ISP server. The CPE may use
online certificate enrollment with the CA associated with the ACS. The CPE must be provided
with the information needed to contact this CA.
CA Certificate -- Browse CA certificate which is provided by ISP server.
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4.9 Statistics
The DSL device shows the different layer of network statistics information
4.9.1 Interface
You can view statistics on the processing of IP packets on the networking interfaces. You will
not typically need to view this data, but you may find it helpful when working with your ISP to
diagnose network and Internet data transmission problems.
To display updated statistics showing any new data since you opened this page, click
Refresh.
4.9.2 ADSL
This page shows the ADSL line statistic information.
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