Victron energy Phoenix Multi 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000, Phoenix Inverter 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000 Owner's manual

Victron energy Phoenix Multi 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000, Phoenix Inverter 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000 Owner's manual
GB
NL
F
USER MANUAL
GEBRUIKERSHANDLEIDING
MANUEL D'UTILISATION
BEDIENUNGSANLEITUNG
D
Phoenix Multi
12/1600/70
12/2500/120
24/1600/40
24/3000/70
Phoenix MultiPlus
12/2500/120
24/3000/70
Phoenix Inverter
12/1600
12/2500
24/1600
24/3000
NL
This publication or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for
any purpose.
GB
Copyrights  2003 Victron Energy B.V.
All Rights Reserved
For conditions of use and permission to use this manual for publication in other than the
English language, contact Victron Energy B.V.
F
IN NO EVENT SHALL VICTRON ENERGY B.V. BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR SPECIAL,
COLLATERAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH
OR ARISING OUT OF PURCHASE OR USE OF THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS.
THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY TO VICTRON ENERGY B.V., REGARDLESS OF
THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL NOT EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE
VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS DESCRIBED HEREIN.
Victron Energy B.V. reserves the right to revise and improve its products as it sees fit. This
publication describes the state of this product at the time of its publication and may not
reflect the product at all times in the future.
D
VICTRON ENERGY B.V. MAKES NO WARRANTY, EITHER EXPESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING
THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AND MAKES SUCH VICTRON ENERGY
PRODUCTS AVAILABLE SOLELY ON AN “AS IS” BASIS.
GB
SAFETY RULES
NL
General
Please familiarise yourself with the safety features and instructions by first reading the documentation supplied with this
product before using the equipment. This product has been designed and tested in accordance with international standards.
The equipment must be used exclusively for the purpose for which it was designed.
F
W ARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD.
The product is used in conjunction with a permanent energy source (battery). Input and/or output terminals may still be
dangerously energised, even when the equipment is switched off. Always switch off the AC supply and the battery before
carrying out maintenance or servicing the product.
D
The product has no internal user-serviceable components. Do not remove the front plate or operate the product if any panels
have been removed. All servicing must be undertaken by qualified personnel.
Never use the product where there is a risk of gas or dust explosions. Consult the battery manufacturer's information to
ascertain that the product is intended for use in conjunction with the battery. Always comply with the battery manufacturer's
safety instructions.
W ARNING: Do not lift heavy loads without assistance.
Installation
Read the installation instructions in the installation manual before installing the equipment.
This is a Safety Class I product (supplied with a protective grounding terminal). Uninterruptible protective grounding must be
provided at the AC input and/or output terminals. An additional grounding point is located externally on the product.
W henever it is likely that the grounding protection has been damaged, the product must be turned off and secured against
unintended operation; please contact qualified service staff.
Ensure that the DC and AC input cables are fused and fitted with circuit breakers. Never replace a safety component with a
different type. Consult the manual to determine the correct component.
Before applying power, ensure that the available power source matches the configuration settings of the product as
described in the manual.
Ensure that the equipment is used under the correct ambient conditions. Never operate the product in a wet or dusty
environment. Ensure there is adequate free space for ventilation around the product and check that the ventilation vents are
not blocked.
Ensure that the required system voltage does not exceed the product's capacity.
Transport and Storage
Ensure that the mains power and battery leads have been disconnected before storing or transporting the product.
No liability can be accepted for any transport damage if the equipment is shipped in non-original packaging.
Store the product in a dry environment; the storage temperature must be between -20°C and 60°C.
Consult the battery manufacturer's manual in respect of transport, storage, charging, recharging and disposal of the battery.
1
1 DESCRIPTION
1.1 General
Multi-functional (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
The Multi gets its name from the multiple functions it can perform. It is a powerful true sine
wave inverter, a sophisticated battery charger that features adaptive charge technology and a
high-speed AC transfer switch in a single compact enclosure. Beside these primary functions,
however, the Multi has several advanced features that provide a range of new applications as
outlined below.
Uninterrupted AC power (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
In the event of a grid failure, or shore or generator power being disconnected, the inverter
within the Multi is automatically activated and takes over supply to the connected loads. This
happens so fast (less than 20 milliseconds) that computers and other electronic equipment
will continue to operate without disruption.
Virtually unlimited power thanks to parallel operation
Up to 5 units can operate in parallel to achieve higher power output. Five 24/3000/70 units,
for example, provide 12,5 kW of output power with 350 A of charging capacity.
Three phase capability
In addition to parallel connection, three units of the same model can be configured for threephase output. But that’s not all: up to five sets of three units can be parallel connected for a
huge 37,5 kW inverter and 1050 A charger! (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
PowerControl – Dealing with limited generator or shore side power (Multi/ MultiPlus
only)
The Multi is a very powerful battery charger. It will therefore draw a lot of current from the
generator or shore side supply (nearly 10 A per Multi at 230 VAC). With the Phoenix Multi
Control Panel (PMC) a maximum generator or shore current can be set. The Multi will then
take account of other AC loads and use whatever is extra for charging, thus preventing the
generator or shore supply from being overloaded.
PowerAssist – Boosting the capacity of shore or generator power
The feature that distinguishes the Phoenix MultiPlus from the standard Multi is PowerAssist.
This feature takes the principle of PowerControl to a further dimension allowing the MultiPlus
to supplement the capacity of the alternative source. Where peak power is so often required
only for a limited period, it is possible to reduce the size of generator needed or conversely
enable more to be achieved from the typically limited shore connection. When the load
reduces, the spare power is used to recharge the battery.
Note: minimum shore current 4 A or generator capacity 2,5 kW required per MultiPlus.
2
GB
1.2 Battery Charger (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
NL
Adaptive 4-stage charge characteristic: bulk – absorption – float – storage
The Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus features a microprocessor controlled ‘adaptive’ battery
management system that can be preset to suit different types of batteries. The ‘adaptive’
feature will automatically optimise the process relative to the way the battery is being used.
F
D
The right amount of charge: variable absorption time
When only shallow discharges occur (a yacht connected to shore power for example) the
absorption time is kept short in order to prevent overcharging of the battery. After a deep
discharge the absorption time is automatically increased to make sure that the battery is
completely recharged.
Preventing damage due to excessive gassing: the BatterySafe mode
If, in order to quickly charge a battery, a high charge current in combination with a high
absorption voltage has been chosen, the Multi/ MultiPlus will prevent damage due to
excessive gassing by automatically limiting the rate of voltage increase once the gassing
voltage has been reached.
Less maintenance and aging when the battery is not in use: the Storage mode
The storage mode kicks in whenever the battery has not been subjected to discharge during
24 hours. In the storage mode float voltage is reduced to 2,2 V/cell (13,2 V for a 12 V battery)
to minimise gassing and corrosion of the positive plates. Once a week the voltage is raised
back to the absorption level to ‘equalize’ the battery. This feature prevents stratification of the
electrolyte and sulphation, a major cause of early battery failure.
Two outputs to charge 2 battery banks
The Multi/ MultiPlus features 2 outputs, of which 1 can carry the full output current. The
second output, limited to approximately 4 A and with a slightly lower output voltage, is
intended to top up a starter battery.
To increase battery life: temperature compensation
Every Multi/ MultiPlus comes with a battery temperature sensor. When connected, charge
voltage will automatically decrease with increasing battery temperature. This feature is
especially recommended for sealed batteries and/or when important fluctuations of battery
temperature are expected.
Battery voltage sense
In order to compensate for voltage loss due to cable resistance, the Multi/ MultiPlus is
provided with a voltage sense facility so that the battery always receives the correct charge
voltage.
Learn more about batteries and battery charging
To learn more about batteries and charging batteries, please refer to our book ‘Electricity on
Board’ (available free of charge from Victron Energy and downloadable from
www.victronenergy.com) For more information about adaptive charging please look under
Technical Briefs on our website.
3
1.3 List of Article Numbers for Accessories
Phoenix Multi control
Phoenix Inverter control
Temperature sensor TI
MultiPlus
Conn. kit 3-phase operation
MultiPlus
Flat cable for 3-phase connect
Flat cable for parallel connect
UTP Patch lead 5 m
UTP Patch lead 10 m
UTP Patch lead 15 m
4
REC020002000
SDRPPIV
SDRPSENSTI
EQU000002000
ASS030003000
ASS030063000
ASS030065000
ASS030065010
ASS030065020
GB
2 OPERATION
NL
2.1 On/Off/Charger Only Switch
When switched to "on", the product is fully functional. The inverter will come into operation
and the LED "inverter on" will light up.
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Multi/ MultiPlus only:
An AC voltage connected to the "AC in" terminal will be switched through to the "AC out"
terminal, if within specifications. The inverter will switch off, the "mains on" LED will light up
and the charger commences charging. The "bulk", "absorption" or "float" LEDs will light up,
depending on the charger mode.
If the voltage at the "AC-in" terminal is rejected, the inverter will switch on.
When the switch is switched to "charger only", only the battery charger of the Phoenix Multi
will operate (if mains voltage is present). In this mode input voltage also is switched through
to the "AC out" terminal.
NOTE: When only the charger function is required, ensure that the switch is switched to
"charger only". This prevents the inverter from being switched on if the mains voltage is lost,
thus preventing your batteries from running flat.
2.2 Remote Operation
The Phoenix Multi can be operated with a remote control panel. This control panel is called
the Phoenix Multi control panel. The panel has an on-off switch and repeats all indicators of
the Multi.
The charger of the Phoenix Multi can be turned off. This can be done by changing the set up
configuration or by connecting the Phoenix Inverter remote panel.
For remote control of the Phoenix Inverter the Phoenix Inverter panel should be used.
2.3 Special Charger Modes Equalizing
Some batteries may need a regular equalizing charge. To perform an equalizing charge the
Phoenix Multi can charge at a higher voltage (1V above the absorption voltage for a 12V
battery, 2V for a 24V battery) for a period of one hour. The charger current is then limited to
1/4 of the specified value.
The "bulk" and "absorption" LEDs will flash alternately during this cycle.
The equalizing mode results in a charging voltage that may exceed the
maximum voltage of DC consumers. These should be disconnected when
performing an equalizing charge.
5
Forced Absorption
In some cases it may be necessary to charge the battery at the absorption voltage for a
specific period of time. In the Forced Absorption mode, the Phoenix Multi will charge at the
normal absorption voltage during the preset maximum absorption period.
The "absorption" LED will light up.
The Phoenix Multi can be switched to one of these modes from the remote panel as well as
with the aid of the front switch. A prerequisite is that all switches (front, remote and panel) are
switched to "on", and that none are switched to the "charger only" position.
Proceed is as follows to switch the Phoenix Multi to either the equalizing mode or Forced
Absorption mode:
REMARK: switch quickly from "on" to "charger only" and back. The switch must be switched
in such a way that the intermediate position is, as it were, "skipped". If the relevant switch
remains in the "off" position for any length of time, you may run the risk that the appliance will
be switched off. In that case you will need to start again at step 1. Practice is required,
particularly when using the front switch. This is less critical when using the remote panel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
•
•
Ensure that all switches (i.e., front switch, remote switch or remote panel switch if
present) are switched to the "on" position.
Ensure that the Phoenix Multi is charging (an AC input voltage must be present;
check that the "mains on" LED and one of either the "bulk", "absorption" or "float"
LEDs is illuminated).
Switch the switch successively to "charger only", "on" and "charger only". NOTE:
the switching itself should be done quickly but the interval between switching
should be from 1/2 to two seconds.
The "bulk", "absorption" and "float" LEDs will flash five times. Subsequently, the
"bulk", "absorption" and "float" LEDs will each light up for a period of two seconds.
If the switch is switched to "on" while the "bulk" LED illuminates, the charger
switches to the equalizing mode.
If the switch is switched to "on" while the "absorption" LED illuminates, the charger
switches to 'Forced Absorption'.
If the switch is not in the required position after these steps, it can be simply switched one
more time. This will not change the charging status.
6
GB
2.4 LED Indications and What They Mean
NL
LED off
LED flashes
LED illuminated
Inverter
mains on
Absorption
Float
on
off
charger
only
Charger
mains on
Bulk
absorption
Float
Bulk
absorption
Float
on
off
charger
only
Bulk
absorption
Float
on
off
charger
only
Bulk
absorption
Float
temperature
inverter on
overload
low battery
The nominal output of the inverter is
being exceeded. “overload” LED is
on.
temperature
inverter on
overload
low battery
The inverter is switched off due to
overload or a short circuit.
temperature
inverter
on
off
charger
only
Charger
mains on
low battery
The inverter is switched on and
supplies power to the load.
inverter
Charger
mains on
overload
inverter
Charger
mains on
inverter on
D
Bulk
inverter
F
Charger
inverter on
overload
low battery
The battery is almost fully
exhausted.
temperature
inverter
on
off
charger
only
inverter on
overload
low battery
The inverter has switched off due to
the battery voltage being too low.
temperature
7
Charger
mains on
Bulk
absorption
Float
inverter
on
off
charger
only
Charger
mains on
Bulk
absorption
Float
Bulk
absorption
Float
on
off
charger
only
Bulk
absorption
Float
8
low battery
The electronics temperature is
becoming critical.
temperature
inverter on
overload
low battery
on
off
charger
only
The inverter has switched off due to
the electronics temperature being
too high.
temperature
inverter
Charger
mains on
overload
inverter
Charger
mains on
inverter on
inverter on
overload
low battery
temperature
-If the LEDs are flashing alternately,
the battery is nearly exhausted and
the nominal output is being
exceeded.
-If "overload" and "low battery" flash
simultaneously, the ripple voltage
on the battery terminal is too high.
inverter
on
off
charger
only
inverter on
overload
low battery
temperature
The inverter switched off due to
excess ripple voltage on the battery
terminal.
GB
Battery Charger
Charger
Bulk
absorption
off
charger
only
mains on
Bulk
absorption
Float
Bulk
absorption
Float
on
off
charger
only
Bulk
absorption
Float
on
off
charger
only
Bulk
absorption
Float
temperature
inverter on
overload
low battery
temperature
The mains voltage is switched
through and the charger is charging.
The set absorption voltage,
however, has not yet been reached
(Battery Protection Mode).
inverter on
overload
low battery
The mains voltage is switched
through and the charger operates in
the absorption mode.
temperature
inverter
on
off
charger
only
Charger
mains on
The mains voltage is switched
through and the charger operates in
bulk mode.
inverter
Charger
mains on
low battery
inverter
Charger
mains on
overload
D
Charger
inverter on
F
Float
on
NL
mains on
inverter
inverter on
overload
low battery
The mains voltage is switched
through and the charger operates in
the float mode.
temperature
inverter
on
off
charger
only
inverter on
overload
low battery
The mains voltage is switched
through and the charger operates in
raised absorption.
temperature
9
Special Indications
PowerControl
charger
mains on
bulk
absorption
float
inverter
on
off
charger
only
inverter on
overload
low battery
temperature
The mains voltage is switched
through. The AC output current is
equal to the preset maximum input
current. The charge current is
reduced to 0.
Power AssistMultiPlus
charger
mains on
bulk
absorption
float
10
inverter
on
off
charger
only
inverter on
overload
low battery
temperature
The mains voltage is switched
through but the load requires more
current than the preset maximum
input current. The inverter now
switches on to supply the required
additional current.
Serial number:
Distributor:
Victron Energy B.V.
The Netherlands
General phone:
Customer support desk:
General and Service fax:
Sales fax:
+31 (0)36 535 97 00
+31 (0)36 535 97 77
+31 (0)36 531 16 66
+31 (0)36 535 97 40
E-mail:
Internet site:
[email protected]
http://www.victronenergy.com
Article number:
Version:
Date:
ISM010053000
00
01-1-2003
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