Chevrolet 1996 Astro Passenger Owner's Manual

Chevrolet 1996 Astro Passenger Owner's Manual
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The 1996 Chevrolet Astro Owner’sManual
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Beats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly.
It also explains the“SIR” system.
FeaturesandControls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
Bmfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
audio system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
Problems on theRoad
This section tells you what to doif you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated
engine, etc.
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running properly and looking good.
Maintenanceschedule.
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
CustomerAssistanceInformation
This section tells you how to contact Chevrolet for assistance and howto get service and owner
publications. It also gives you infomation on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page8-8.
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subjectin this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
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1-1
2-1
3-1
4-1
5-1
............................................................ 6-1
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, theGM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLETEmblem and the
name ASTRO are registered trademarks of General
Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time withoutfurther notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in yourvehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
C9610 B First Edition
ii
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propridtaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide
en franqais chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, Ontario LST IC7
@CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1995
All Rights Reserved
How to Use this Manual
Safety Warnings and Symbols
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about thefeatures and
controls foryour vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you wereto ignore
the warning.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is theIndex
in the back of the manual. It’s an alphabeticallist of
all that’s in the manual, and the page number where
you’ll find it.
b
A CAUTION:
- These :--Jan thereis something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reducethe
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
iii
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’
“Don’t do this,” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
In the notice area, we tell youabout something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times,this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, andit could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do tohelp avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in differentcolors or
in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words,CAUTION or NOTICE.
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this bookyou will find these notices:
I NOTICE:
These mean thereis something that could
damage your vehicle.
iv
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
DOOR LOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
w
e
A
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
COOLANT
TEMP
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
COOLANT
FOG LAMPS
$0
VENTILATING
FAN (
-I-1
FUSE
LIGHTER
- b
-J
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
I
n
(0)
)a(
a
b
HORN
BRAKE
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
,111,
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
w,
SPEAKER
FUEL
p3
(@)
V
Model Reference
This manual covers thesemodels:
Cargo Van
vi
Passenger Van
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your
vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You
can also learn about some things you should not do with
air bags and safety belts.
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them, take them out and put them back in. It also tells
you about bucket and bench seats, power seats and
head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
A CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
is
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you,or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
1-1
2-Way Front Seat
Manual Lumbar Support (Option)
The bucket seats can be
adjusted forward or
rearward by the lever at
the front of the seat.
Move the seatadjustment lever at thefront of the seat
toward the driver’s doorto unlock it. Slide the seat to
where you want it. Then release the lever and try to
move the seat withyour body, to make sure the seat is
locked into place.
1-2
If you have this feature, there will bea knob on the
inboard side of the driver and passenger bucket seats.
Turn the knob toward the front of the vehicle to increase
lumbar support. Turn theknob toward the rear of the
vehicle to decrease lumbar support.
Power Seats (Option)
Reclining Seatbacks
If you have this feature, there will bea control pad on the
inboard side of the driver and passenger bucket seats.
There is a lever on the inside of the seat to adjust
the seatback.
You can adjust the seatback
by lifting the lever. Release
the lever to lock the seatback
where you want it. Pull up
on the lever and the seatwill
go to an upright position.
The front control makes the front of the seat go up
and down.
The rear control makes the rear of the seat go up
and down.
The center control makes the whole seat go forward
and rearward.
1-3
J
But don’t have a seatback reclinedif your vehicle is moving.
1-4
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion canbe dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their when
job
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because
it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be in
front of you. In a crashyou could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job
either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces wouldbe there, not at yourpelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well
back in the seat and wear yoursafety belt properly.
Head Restraints
Head restraints are fixed on some models and adjustable
on others. Slide an adjustable head restraint up or down
so that the top of the restraint is closest to the top of
your ears. This position reduces the chance of a neck
injury in a crash.
Seatback Latches (Non-Touring
Bench Seats)
To fold your non-touring
seatback forward, pull up
on the latch release lever
while pulling the seatback
toward you.
unlock the seat by pushing forward on the lever, while
pushing down on the seat. Make sure the seatback is
locked when it is put backin the upright position.
If the seatback isn't locked, it could
move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there.
Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
Rear Seats
The lever is on the right rear
of your seat.
After the latch has been released, push theseatback
down until it locks in place. To raise the seatback,
A seat that isn't locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured.Be sure tolock
the seat into place properly
when installing it.
1 A,CAUTION:
A safety belt thatis twisted or not properly
attached won’t provide the protection needed in
a crash. The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After installing the seat, always
check to be sure that the safety belts are not
twisted and are properly attached.
The center and rear benchseats can be adjusted forward
or rearward by the lever at the front of the seat.
Move the seat adjustment
lever at the front of the seat
toward the passenger’s side
to unlock it. Slide the seat to
where you want it. Then
release the lever and try to
move the’seat with your
body, to make sure the seat
is locked into place.
Bucket Seats
If you have rear bucketseats in your vehicle, theywill
recline and adjust thesame way as the front manual
bucket seats. See “Reclining Seatbacks” earlier in this
section or in the Index.
Bench Seats
If you have bench seats in your vehicle, each seat can
carry up to three passengers. They can also be removed
to increase storage space.
1-6
The non-touring center bench seat has a pivoting
right armrest. The left armrest can also be used as a
storage compartment.
The optional touring bench seats come with moveable
armrests, individual reclining seatbacks, adjustable
headrests and a fold-down center console.
To raise or lower the center
console, press the button
between the beverage
holders. Only sit in the
center seating position
when the console is in
an upright position.
For details about headrests, see “Head Restraints” in
this section.
To adjust your seatback, pull up on the lever on the
lower outside of the seat.
The center bench seatbacks will recline further back
than the rear bench seatbacks.
1-7
Removing the Rear Seats
To remove the rear seats, do the following:
7-7
1
1
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TO DETACH \
BELT FOR
SEAT REMOVAL \
+iI
I
I!
1
1
.
\
I
1-8
INSERT KEY
INTO HOLE
ANDIUSH
11
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1. If you are removing the
center seat, remove the
right lap-shoulder belt.
To do this, press the tip
of a key into the release
hole of the safety belt
attachment while pulling
up on the safety belt.
2. If you have a safety belt
guide on your seat, pull
the safety belt all theway
out through the guide.
3. Pull up on the seatback latch on the right rear of the
front seat. Push the seatback down until itlocks in
place (non-touring bench seats only).
4. Lift up on the seat release latch. The latches are near
the floor on the rear legs of the seat. To relieve
pressure on the latch, pull back on the seat.
5. Lift up on the rear of the seat to remove the seat
assembly from the rear latch pins.Then, pull back
and lift the seat out of the vehicle.
1-9
Replacing the Rear Seats
To replace the rear seats, do the following:
2. Pull the seat down to latch the rear retainers. Make
sure the seat is locked in by pulling up and down on
the seat.
1. Lower the seat into position. Make sure the front
retainers are hooked onto the anchor pins.
1-10
3. Raise the seatback by pushing forward on the latch at
the right rearof the seat. Pull up on the seatback
until it is locked securely in the up position.
4. If you are replacing the centerseat, connect the right
lap-shoulder belt to the attachment on the seat
cushion. If you have a safety belt guide on your seat,
pull the belt through the guide before reattaching
the
lap-shoulder belt to the side of the seat. The release
hole should be facing outward.
If you installed the safety belt with the release hole
facing inward (toward the seat),slide the plastic
cov’er up so you can see the buckle.Disconnect the
seat belt. Slide the coverback down and reinstall the
belt correctly.
NOTICE:
Be sure to put the correct seats back in the proper
positions so the safety belts will work properly.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some thingsyou should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR)
or air bag system.
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wea
a safety belt properly.If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be muchworse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected fromit. You can be seriously
injured orkilled. In the same crash,
you might
not be if you are buckledup. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly
too.
Your vehicle has a light that
comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything,you go as fast as it goes.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law
says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why:They work.
You never know if you’llbe in a crash.If you do have a
crash, you don’t know ifit will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckledup a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashesare in between. In manyof them,
people who buckleup can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts theycould have been badly hurt
or killed.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on wheels.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In mostcrashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
1-12
-
5
I
Put someone on it.
I
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
1-13
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle,it could be the windshield ...
1-14
or the instrument panel...
Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
e.’
Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down.And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You ‘stopover more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such goodsense.
@
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be
in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale.has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
@
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault-- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Beinga good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as baddrivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur atspeeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is onlyfor people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special thingsto know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller
children and babies.If a child will be ridingin your
vehicle, see the partof this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s howto wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
?. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
1-16
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3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don't let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latchplate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn't long enough, see "Safety Belt
Extender" at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snugon
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'dbe less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stop or a crash.
1-17
Shoulder BeltBeight Adjuster
To move it down, push in at the top of the arrows and
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
move the height adjuster to the desired,position. You can
move the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder
belt guide. After you move the adjuster to where you
want it, try to move it down without pushing in to make
sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder.
I
1-18
e."
What's wrong with this?
A CAUTION:
'.
. '
'
I
,
You can be seriously hurt
if your shoulder belt is
too loose.In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won't give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-19
@
What’s wrong with this?
/i\ CAUTION:
You can be seriously injuredif your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like
this. In a crash,
the beltwould go up over your abdomen. The
belt forceswould be there, not at the
pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-20
@'
What's wrong with this?
/\
CAUTION:
I
You can be ser rsly injured if your belt goes
over an armrestlike this. The belt would be much
too high. In a crash, you can slide under thebelt.
The belt forcewould then be appliedat the
abdomen, not at thepelvic bones, and thatcould
cause seriousor fatalinjuries. Be sure thebelt
goes under the armrests.
A:
The belt is over an armrest.
1-21
e.'
What's wrong with this?
I
You can be seriously injuredif you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. aIncrash, your
body would move too far forward,which would
increase the chanceof head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren't as strong as shoulderbones.
You could also severelyinjure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-22
Q.’
What’s wrong with this?
A CAUTION:
-
-
You can be seriously injured by
a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt
is twisted,
make it straightso it can work properly, or ask
your dealerto fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-23
Your vehicle has two air bags -- one air bag for the
driver and anotherair bag for the right front passenger.
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag system:
You can be severely injul - -I 01 Alled in E. -rash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if you
have an air bag. Wearing your safety belt during
a
crash helps reduce your chanceof hitting things
inside the vehicle .or being ejected from it. The air
bag is only a “supplemental restraint.” That is, it
works with safety beltsbut doesn’t replace them.
Air bags are designed to work only in moderate to
severe crashes where the front
of your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designed to inflate at all in
rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle, including the driver,
should wear a safety beltproperly whether or
not there’s an air bag for that
person.
--
To unlatch the belt,just push the buttonon the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) System
This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) system or air bag system.
--
I
~
A CAUTION:
Air bags inflatewith great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating
air bag, it could seriously injure
you. Safety belts
help keepyou in position for an air bag inflation
in a crash.Always wear your safety belt,
even
with an airbag. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control
of
the vehicle.
I A CAUTION:
AIR
BAG
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows AIR BAG.
The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem, See “AirBag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
. .
An inflating air bag can seriously injure small
children. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children” and the caution label
on the
right front passenger’s safety
belt.
1-25
1
I
How the Gir Bag System Works
I
Where is the air bag?
’he driver’s air bag.is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-26
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
I
it can be somewhat above or below,this range.If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
Don’t put anything on, or attach anything to, the
Also, don’t
steering wheel or instrument panel.
put anything (suchas pets or objects) between any
occupant and the steering wheel or instrument
panel. And don’t hang anything from the assist
of the instrument
handle on the passenger’s side
panel. If something is between an occupant andan
of the air
air bag, it could affect the performance
bag or worse, it could cause injury.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or becauseof what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one
indication of this.
--
What makes anair bag inflate?
When should an air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes. Theair bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goesstraight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform,the threshold level is
about 11 to 16 mph (18 to 26 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design,so that
,
In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity,
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is
suddenly stopping as a result of a crash. The sensing
system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator. The reactionproduces nitrogen
gas, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and
related hardware are all part of the air bag modules
packed inside the steering wheel and in the instrument
panel in front of the right front passenger.
1-27
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument .panel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bagsdistribute
the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
air bags would nothelp you in many typesof collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Air bags shouldnever be regarded as
anything more than a supplement to safety belts,
and then only in moderateto severe frontal or
near-frontal collisions.
What will yousee after an air bag inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates. This occurs
so quickly that some people may not even realize the air
bag inflated. Some components of the air bag module
in the steering wheelhub for the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, will
be hot for a short time. The part of the bag that comes
into contact with you may be warm, but it will never be
too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from vents in thedeflated air bags. Air bag
1-28
inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing or from
being able to steer the vehicle, nor willit stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
IA
CAUTION:
When anair bag inflates, thereis dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma
or other
breathing trouble.To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems butcan’t get out
of the vehicle after an
air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a windowor door.
The air bags are designed to inflate only once. After
they inflate, you’ll need some new parts for yourair
bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you inanother crash.
A new system will includeair bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system. The module records information
about the readinessof the system, when the sensors are
activated and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
0
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
GM dealer and the service manual have information
system. Improper service can mean that your air bag
about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag system. To
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for service.purchase a service manual, see “Serviceand Owner
Publications” in the Index.
NOTICE:
If you damage the cover for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’s air bag, they may not
work properly. You may have to replace the air
bag module in the steering
wheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument panel
for the
right front passenger’s air bag.
Do not open or
break the air bag covers.
.
For up to10 minutes after the ignition
key is
turned off and the batteryis disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service.
You
can be injuredif you are close to an air bagwhen
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped withyellow tape
or yellow connectors. They are probably part
of
the air bagsystem. Be sure tofollow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work foryou is qualified to doso.
The air bag system doesnot need regular maintenance.
1-29
Adding Equipment to Your
Air Bag-EquippedVehicle
@
If I adda push bumper or a bicycle rack to the
air bags
front of my vehicle, will it keep the
from working properly?
A:
As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is
attached to your vehicle so that the vehicle’s basic
structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely tokeep the
air bags from working properly in a crash.
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
Is there anything I might addto the front of the
vehicle that couldkeep the air bags from
working properly?
A:
Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s
frame, bumper system, front end sheet metalor
height, they may keep the air bag system from
working properly. Also, the air bag system may not
work properly if you relocate any of the air bag
sensors. If you have any question about this,you
should contact Customer Assistance before you
modifyyourvehicle.(Thephonenumbersand
addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of
the Customer Satisfaction Procedurein this manual.
See “Customer Satisfaction Procedure”in the Index.)
1-30
A pregnantwomanshouldwearalap-shoulderbelt,and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The bestway to protect the fetusis to protect the
mQther.When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetuswon’t be hurt in acrash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone,the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as thedriver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position”
earlier in this section.
When the lap belt is pulled outall the way, it will lock.
If it does, let it go back all theway and start again.
Rear Seat Passengers
1
It’s
important for rear seat .passengerstobuckleThese
Accident statistics show that unbeited people inthe rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than thosewho are
. .
wearing safety.belts.
I
;
i
1.
Lap-Shoulder Belt’
positions have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s‘howto
wear one properly,
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted canbe thrown
out of the vehiclein a crash.And they can strike others
in the.vehicle
who are wearing safety belts.
.
.I
,:
.
.
/
1-31
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would beable to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-32 ,
i
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the-belt as.you pull up on the shoulder part.
I
The lappart of the belt should beworn low andsnug on
the hips, just touching thethighs. In a crash, this applies
force tothe strong pelvicbones. And you’d beless
. likelyto slide under the lapbelt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This,could .
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulderbelt
should go over the shoulderand across thechest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or acrash.
1-33
-
I A CAUTION:
t
Center Passenger Position
(Bench Seat)
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder isbelt
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
c
I
Lap Belt
If your vehicle hasrear bench seats, someone can sit in
the center positions.
.
.
To unlatch the belt,just push the buttonon the buckle.
1-34'
When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap
safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull itsfree end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the endof this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-35
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Your vehicle may have rear shoulder belt comfort
guides. This feature will provide added safety belt
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and for small adults. When installed on a shoulder belt,
the comfort guide pulls the belt away from the neck and
head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in
the rear seats. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here's how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its storage clip on the side of
the seatback.
1-36
I
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the
guide on top.
1-37
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children upto some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children andBabies
(Exce: Cargo Vans)
A
I
-
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions”
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfortguides, just perform
these steps in reverse order.Squeeze the belt edges
together so that you can take them out from the guides.
Slide the guide onto the clip. Rotate the guide andclip
inward along the side of the seatback, leaving only the
loop of elastic cord exposed.
1-38
Smaller children and babies should
vays 1
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraintwill say whether it
’ is the right type andsize for your child. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay
low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, the beltwill likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply
force right on thechild’s abdomen, which could
cause seriousor fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough for one is always properly
restrained in a childor infant restraint.
CAUTION: (Continued)
heavy you can’t hold it.For example, in a crash
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 124b. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly becomea 240-1b. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The babywould be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
Never hold a baby in your armswhile riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much until a
crash. Duringa crash a baby will become so
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-39
Smaller Children and Babies (Cargo Vans)
A CAUTION:
A very young child's hip bonesare so small that a
regular belt might not stay
low on the hips, asit
should. Instead, the belt
wiil likely be over the
child's abdomen. Ina crash, the beltwould apply
force right on the child's abdomen, which could
cause seriousor fatal injuries. Smaller children
and babies should always
be restrained in a child
restraint. However, infants, who should be
restrained ina rear-facing child restraint, cannot
ride safely in this vehicle. The instructions for the
restraint will say whether itis the right type and
size for yourchild. If a forward-facing child
restraint is suitable for your child,
be sure the
child is always properly restrainedwhile riding in
this vehicle.
p
:
I
Never hold a baby in your arms
while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn't weigh much until a
crash. During a crash a baby
will become so
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-40
. .
CAUTION:
(Continued)
, .
.
. .
... ..
I
.
.
I
.
.
.
heavy you can’t hold it, For example, in a crash
at only 25 mph(40 km/h), a 12-1b. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 2404b.(110 kg) force on
your arms, The baby
would be almost impossible
to hold.
Where to Put the Restraint
(Except CargoVans)
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in a rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
I
Child Restraints
Be surethe child restraint is designed to be used in a
vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to dothat.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injuredif the right front passenger’s
air baginflates. This is because the backof a
rear-facing child restraintwould be veryclose to
the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing
child restraint in a rear
seat.
You may, however, secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat.
Before you secure
a forward-facing child restraint, always
move the
front passenger seat as far backit will
as go, Or,
secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
1-41
Keep in mind thatan unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people
in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Where toPut the Restraint (CargoVans)
The child restraint must besecured properly in the
passenger seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
this vehicle. Here’s why:
A CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injuredif the passenger’s air bag
inflates. This is because the backof a rear-facing
child restraint would be very close to the inflating
air bag. Do not use a rear-facing child restraint in
this vehicle.
If a forward-facing child restraintis suitable for
your child, alwaysmove the passenger seat as far
back as it will go.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint
can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
1-42
If your child restraint hasa top strap, it should be
anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, you
can ask your GM dealer to put it in for you. If you want
to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tellyou
how to do it.
Securing a Child Restraint ina Rear
Outside Seat Position
You'll be using the lap-shoulderbelt. See the earlier part
about the topstrap if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle's safety belt through or
around the restraint. The childrestraint instructions
will show you how.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed. If the
shoulder belt goes in front of the child's face or neck,
put it behind the child restraint.
1-43
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and letit go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to workfor an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-44
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat
Position (Bench Seat)
1...
You’ll be using the lap belt.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2 . Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-45
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It willbe ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure. If it isn’t, secure
the restraint in a different place in the vehicle and
contact the child restraint makerfor their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
1-46
Your vehicle has a front passenger air bag. Never put a
rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
A ch
1 a rear-fac
lg child;traintcanbe
seriously injured if the front passenger’s air bag
inflates. This is because the back
of a rear-facing
child restraintwould be very close to the inflating
air bag. If your vehicle is a passenger van, always
secure a rear-facing child restraint ainrear seat.
If your vehicle is a cargo van, do not
use a
rear-facing child restraint in this
vehicle. If a
forward-facing child restraintis suitable for your
child, always move the passenger seat far
as back
as it will go.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Because your vehicle has a front passenger air bag,
always move the seat as far back as it will go before
securing a forward-facing child restraint. (See
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
forchild
the
restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
quickly
instructions
beltsafetysay.
4. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt throughor
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
5. Bucklebelt.
the
Make surerelease
the
button
is
positioned so you wouldbe able to unbucklethe
you
if
to.
ever had
1-47
.a.
6. Pull the rest of thelap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
7 . To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
8. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt and letit go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for anadult
or larger child passenger.
,1-48
I
I Larger Children
%
.
'
'
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained
rear
inthey
the But seat.
need to use the
safety belts properly.
' I
Ij
I
I
I
I.
0
,Children who aren'i buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
0
Children who aren't buckled upcan strike other
peopl-e who are.
I
'
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle's safety belts.
1-49
A
-
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a
crash, the two children canbe crushed together
and seriously injured.A belt must beused by
only one person at atime.
1-50
@
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the childis so small that the shoulder belt
is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the centex of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rearseat outside position, see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the Index.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face orneck, you might
a belt,
want to place the child in a seat that has lap
if your vehicle has one.
in a crash the child might slide under belt.
the
The belt’s force would then be applied righton
the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
A CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part
is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this
way,
CAUTION: (Continued)
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extenderwill
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’tlet someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
1-51
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Lookfor any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep asafety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protectyou in a
crash. They can rip apart underimpact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for anyopened or broken air bagcovers, and
have them repairedor replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had acrash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would beif worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
r
If you ever see a label on a rightfront safety belt that
says to replace the belt, besure to do so. Then the new
belt will be thereto help protect you in a collision. You
would see this label on the belt near the latch plate.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage
also may mean you will need to have safety
or seat
belt parts
repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary
even if the belt wasn’t being used at the oftime
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag system
parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in this sectio
1-52
Section 2 FeaturesandControls
Here you can learn about the many standard and
optional features on your vehicle, and information on
starting, shifting and braking. Also explained are the
instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if
everything is working properly -- and what to do if you
have a problem.
Keys
Leaving young children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many reasons.
A child or others could be badly injured or
even killed.
They could operate power windowsor other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't
leave the keys in a vehicle with young children.
2-1
This vehicle has one
double-sided key for the
ignition and door locks. It
will fit with either sideup.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer provides the
owner with a pair of identical keys and a bar-coded tag.
The bar-coded tag has a code on it that tells your dealer
or aqualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep
this tag in a safe place. If you lose your keys, you'll be
able to havenew ones made easily using this tag.
NOTICE:
You will have a separate
single-sided key to
secure the locking front
storage compartment.
2-2
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot
of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside. You mayeven have to
damage your vehicleto get in. So be sure you
have extra keys.
Front Doors
Rear Doors
To open the front side door from the outside, grasp the
handle and pull the door open.
If you have the Dutch doors, you must open the
hatch first.
To open the front side door
from the inside, pull the
lever toward you and push
the door open.
To open the rear doors from
the outside, open the
passenger's side rear door
first. Grasp the handle and
pull the door open.
2-3
To open the driver’s side
rear door. pull on the latch
release handle in the inside
of the door.
‘ I
To close the rear doors,close the driver’s side door first.
Check to make sure bothdoors are completely closed.
The rear doors have a check assembly to keep the doors
from opening beyond 90”.
2-4
To fully open the rear doors,
push in on the clip and lift
the check assembly up off
the mounting bracket.
Do this on each door. Replace the assemblies the
same way.
See the Caution following “Swing-Out Windows” in
this section.
To unlock your door from the outside, use your key.
Door Locks
A .CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers especially children can easily
open the doors and fall out. When a is
door
locked, the inside handle
won't open it.
Outsiders caneasily enter through an unlocked
door when youslow down or stop your
vehicle.
This may not beso obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren't locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, andyou will be far
better off whenever you drive yourvehicle.
--
--
To lock the front doors and
sliding side door from the
inside, slide the lock levers
down. To unlock the front
doors and the sliding side
door from the inside, slide
the lock levers up.
Rear doors cannot be manually locked from the inside.
To unlock the rear hatch and Dutch doors from the
inside, press the REAR HATCH button locatedto the
right of the shift lever.
I'here are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
2-5
Every vehicle with power door locks has a pulse lock
system. A pulse lock system works like this:
Power Door Locks
’r
x
’?
If your vehicle has power
door locks, press the power
door lock switch to lockor
unlock all the doors at once.
If the sliding door is open and you press the power door
lock switch, the sliding door will not lock immediately.
After you close the door, the system comes on and, in
about five seconds, locks the sliding door.
All models have overriding door locks. When a door is
locked, the door handle will not work the latch.This
will help stop a door from beingaccidentally opened.
However, power door locks do not affect theoperation
of the hatch.
Leaving Your Vehicle
The power door lock switch will not lockor unlock the
rear hatch and Dutch doors. You must use the REAR
HATCH button. See “Rear Hatch and Dutch Doors
Release” in this section.
2-6
If you are leaving the vehicle,take your keys, open your
door and set the locks frominside. Then get out and
close the door.
Keyless Entry System
If your vehicle has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors orunlock your trunk from up to 30 feet (9 m)
away using the key chain transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
Your Keyless Entry System operateson a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference thatmay cause undesired operation.
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions on battery replacement.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal.
See your GM dealer or aqualified technician
for service.
Changes ormodifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Operation
When you press UNLOCK, the driver’s door will
unlock automatically. If you press UNLOCK again
within five seconds,all doors will unlock. All doors will
lock when DOOR is pressed. Theinterior lamps will
come on whenever you lock or unlock the doors. See
“Keyless Illumination’’ in the Index. Pressing REAR
twice within 3 1/2 seconds, will unlock the hatch or rear
cargo doors.
2-7
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
To open the housing:
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.If a transmitter is
lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through
your dealer. Remember to bringany remaining transmitters
with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer
matches the replacement transmitter to your vehicle, any
remaining transmitters must also be matched. Once the
new transmitter is coded, the lost transmitter will not
unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle can have only two
transmitters matched toit.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal rangein any location. If you
have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probably timeto change the batteries.
Your transmitter housing snaps apart for ease in
battery replacement.
2-8
1. Insert a dime be een two halves of the transmitter
housing near the Key ring hole.
2. Remove the bottom by twisting the dime.
3. Remove and replace the batteries with two Duracell
batteries (DL2016 or equivalent), positive
(+) side down.
@
4. Align and snap together the back and top
transmitter housings.
Sliding Door
To close the sliding side door, pull the handle toward the
front to releasethe rear latch, and slide the door forward.
To open the sliding side door, pull the handle toward the
back and slide the door to the rear until it latches in the
open position.
2-9
Sliding Door Child Security
Lock
Your vehicle’s sliding side
door is equipped with a
child security door lock,
located at the rear of the
sliding door, near theside
door latch mechanism.
This feature prevents passengers from opening the
sliding side door from the inside.
To use this feature, do the following:
1. Move the lever all the way up. (Arrow is pointing to
the lever that you must move.)
2. Close the door.
To open the sliding side door while the child security
lock is engaged, unlock the door and open it from
the outside.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adultsor
older children who ride in the rear won’t be able to open
the sliding door from the inside. You should let adults
and older children know how the security door lock
There are two labels on your vehicle to remind you that works,
and how to cancel the lock,
you have this feature. One can be seen from the outside
on your sliding door. It is located near the bottom of the
Canceling the SlidingDoor Child
door glass, toward the rear of the door. The other label is
Security Lock
at the back of thesliding door, near the child security
door lock.
lock: security child
the To cancel
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Move the lever all the way down.
2-10
Hatch
A CAUTION:
It canbe dangerous to drive
with the rear
swing-out windows, rear hatch or rear doors
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into yourvehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and
even death.
If you must drivewith the rear swing-out
windows, rear hatch or rear doors openif or
electrical wiringor other cableconnections must
pass through the seal between body
the and the
rear swing-out windows, rear hatch or rear doors:
Make sure all windows are shut.
’hrn the fan on your heating
or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on anything but MAX A/C. That will force
outside air into your
vehicle. See “Comfort
Controls” in the Index.
If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Rear Hatch and Dutch Doors Release
(Option)
If you have this option, your vehicle must be ineither
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) to release the hatch and
unlock the Dutch doors. If your battery is dead, the
hatch and Dutch doors will not open, even from the
outside with a key.
To release the hatch and
unlock the doors from the
inside of the vehicle, press
the REAR HATCH button
on the instrument panel.
It is located on the right side of the steering column. The
hatch will release with or without the key in the ignition.
Then, pull up on the hatch handle and open the doors.
2-11
To release the hatch using the optional Keyless Entry
hand-held transmitter, see “Keyless Entry System” in
the Index.
To release the hatch and
unlock the doors from the
outside of the vehicle, put
the key in the lock and
turn clockwise.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle hasa number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves-- so
don’t do it.
Then, pull up on the hatch and openthe right rear door
first. Grasp the handle and pull thedoor open.
The hatch and doors will automatically lock when the
hatch is shut.
If the hatch is partially closed, therear doors will lock
and you will need to use the keyor the REAR HATCH
button to unlock them.
Also, see the Caution following “Hatch,” locatedin
this section.
2-12
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and takeit with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, andso will your
ignition and transmission. And remember to lock
the doors.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, ortake them with you.
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if
you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
0
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
glove box.
0
Remember to lock the storage compartment/glove
box and take that keywith you.
0
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in thelong
run if you follow these guidelines:
0 Keep your speed at
55 mph (88 k m k ) o r
less for the first500 miles (804 km).
0 Don’t drive atany one speed
fast or
slow for the first500 miles (804 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
0 Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) orso. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
0 Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.See
“Towing a Trailer’’ in the Index for
more information.
--
--
2-13
Ignition Positions
Use your ignition key to start your vehicle. The ignition key
lets you turn the ignition switchto five different positions.
C
ACCESSORY (A): This position lets you use things like
the radio and the windshield wipers when the engine is
off. To get into ACCESSORY, push in the key and turn
it toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked,
just as it was beforeyou inserted the key.
NOTICE:
Don’t operate accessories in the ACCESSORY
of time. Prolonged
position for long periods
operation of accessories in the ACCESSORY
position could drain your battery and prevent
you from starting your vehicle.
LOCK (B): This position locks your ignition, steering
wheel and transmission shift leverin PARK (P). It’s a
theft-deterrent feature. You will only be able to remove
your key when the ignition is turnedto LOCK.
OFF (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. UseOFF if you must have
your vehicle in motion while theengine is off (for
example, if your vehicle is being towed).
RUN (D): This is the position for driving.
START (E): This starts your engine.
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and
you can’t
turn it, be sure itis all theway in. If it is, then
turn the steeringwheel left and right while you
turn thekey hard. But turn thekey only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or the ignition switch.
If none of this
works, then yourvehicle needs service.
Don’t try to shift toPARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift toPARK (P) only whenyour
vehicle isstopped.
Starting Your Engine
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
I
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Holding yourkey in START for longer than
15 seconds ata time will cause your battery tobe
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your startermotor.
~
,
I
2-15
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START. If it doesn’t start in 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal all the way down for five more
seconds, or until it starts.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), wait 15 seconds and start over.
When the engine starts, let go of the key and the
accelerator pedal.
I NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change theway
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, checkwith your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual thattells how to doit
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
3 IL
Fuel Regulator
You have a fuel regulator that shuts the fuel off when the
engine reaches 5,600 rpm.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
In very cold weather,
0°F (- 18°C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater
can help.
You’ll get easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be
plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting
your vehicle.
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
I
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord ratedfor
at least 15 amps.
4. After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to store
the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving
engine parts. If you don’t, it could be damaged.
How long should youkeep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your GM dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
2-17
Automatic Transmission Operation
CAUTION: (Continued)
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
I
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine
is
running unlessyou have to. If you have left the
.engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured.To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’reon fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
See “Shifting IntoPARK (P)”in the Index. If
you’re pullinga trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
PARK (P): This locks your rear wheels. It’s the best
position to use when youstart your engine because your
vehicle can’t moveeasily.
,
v
’
I
It is dangerous toget out of your vehicle if the
shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
CAUTION: (Continued)
I
2-1s
I
I
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P).range
before starting the engine. Your vehicle has a
brake-transmission shift interlock. You have to fully
apply your regular brakes before you can shift from
PARK (P)when the ignition key is in the RUN position.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P),ease pressure on’
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. See
’‘Shifting Out of PARK (P)”in this section.
REVERSE (R):Use this gear to back up.
1 NOTICE:
Shifting toREVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transmission.
Shift toREVERSE (R) only after yourvehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow”in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
A CAUTION:
Shifting outof PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
is
dangerous. Unless your footis firmly on the
brake pedal, yourvehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people
or objects. Don’t shift outof PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
I NOTICE:
Damage to your transmission caused
by shifting
out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)with the
engine racingisn’t covered by your warranty.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. If you
need more power for passing, and you’re:
Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator pedal all the way down. You’ll shift
down to the next gear and have more power.
DRIVE (D) should be usedfor normal trailer towing.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however it offers more power and lowerfuel
economy than DRIVE (D). You should use THIRD (3)
when carrying a heavy load or driving on steep hills.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help control your speedas you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakes off andon.
If you manually select SECOND (2)’ the transmission
will drive in second gear. You may use this feature
for reducing torque to the rear wheels when you are
trying to start your vehicle froma stop on slippery
road surfaces.
2-20
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can .
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
selector lever is putin FIRST (1)’ the transmission
won’t shift into first gear until the vehicle is going
slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your rearwheels can’t rotate, don’ttry to
drive. This might happenif you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against
a solid
object. You could damage your transmissionor
transfer case or both.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheatand damage the
transmission. Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in positionon
a hill.
Locking Rear Axle
Parking Brake
If you have this feature, your rear axle can give you
additional traction on snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It
works like a standard axle most of the time, but when
one of the rear wheels has no traction and theother does,
the locking feature will allow the wheel with traction to
move the vehicle.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot.
Push down the parking brake pedal with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
come on.
All-Wheel Drive (Option)
If your vehicle has
all-wheel drive, your
engine’s driving power is
sent to all four wheels for
extra traction.
This is like four-wheel drive, but there is no separate
lever or switch to engage or disengage the front axle.
It is fully automatic, and adjusts itself as needed for
road conditions.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the brake release lever located on the
lower left side of the steering column.
2-21
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat.
You may have to
replace them, andyou could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle
can move suddenly. You or otherscould be
injured. To be sure yourvehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairlylevel ground, use the steps
that follow. If you’re pullinga trailer, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2-22
2. Move the shift lever into the
PARK (P) position like this:
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
0
Pull the lever toward you.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
remove the key from your ignition, your vehicle is in
PARK (P).
2-23
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
E.noiqe Rmnnjnq
r
can be ( lgerousto
we your vt cle wi
the engine running.Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift leveris not fully inPARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and evencatch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you haveto.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly setbefore you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift leverinto the PARK (P)
position, hold theregular brake pedal down. Then, see
if you can move the shift lever away from PARK(P)
without first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked intoPARK (P).
2-24
Torque Lock
I
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weightof the
vehicle may puttoo much force on the parking pawl in
the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set theparking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift leverout of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the transmission, so you can pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Outof PARK (P)
Parking nvPr T h i q Th: R r n
A
Your vehicle has a brake-transmission shift interlock.
You have to fully apply your regular brake before you
can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in the
RUN position. See “Automatic Transmission” in
the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
I . Turn the key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch
hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass
or other things that
can burn.
2-25
Engine Exhaust
A CAUTIOF:
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide(CO),which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
0 Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
Repairs weren’t done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system hadbeen
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaustis coming into
your vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-26
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
I
It’s better notto park with the engine running. But ifyou
ever have to, here are some things to know.
A CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the airsystem control off
could allow dangerous exhaust into yourvehicle
(see the earlier Caution under “Engine
Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide(CO) into yourvehicle evenif
the fan switchis at the highestsetting. One place
this can happenis a garage. Exhaust with
CO can come in easily. NEVER park ina
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard” in theIndex.)
--
--
\ CAUTION:
Power Windows
It can be dangerous get
to outof your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave yourvehicle when the engine is
running unlessyou have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured.
To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever PARK
to
(P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “ShiftingInto PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling atrailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Windows
If you have the optional power windows, the controls
are on each of the front side doors. Thedriver’s door has
a switch for the front passenger window as well. Your
power windows will not moveunless the ignition has
been turned to the RUN position.
Manual Windows
To open your manual windows, turn the hand crank on
each doorto raise or loweryour side door windows.
2-27
Exprer- ’ wn Window
The driver s window switch also has an “express”
feature that allows it to lower without holding the
window switch. Hold the driver’s window switch down
for more than 112 second to activate the express-down
feature. Lightly tap the switch to open the window
slightly. The express-down feature can be interrupted
at any time by pressing the up arrow end of the switch.
Swing-Out Windows
‘D‘.: .,,:
TOopenyour swing-out
windows, pull up on
the latch and push the
window out.
+
TOclose the window, pull the latch toward you and push
it down.
2-28
It can be dangerous to drive
with the rear
swing-out windows,rear hatch or rear doors
open because carbon monoxide
(CO)gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousnessand even death.
If you must drive with the rear swing-out
windows, rear hatch or rear doors openif or
electrical wiring or othercable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and
the rear swing-outwindows, rear hatch or
rear doors:
e Make sureall windows are shut.
e ”urn the fan on your heatingcooling
or
system to its highest speed with the setting
on anything butMAX A/C. That will force
outside air into yourvehicle. See “Comfort
Controls” in the Index.
e If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way.
See “Engine Exhaust’’ in the Index.
*
Horn
Turn'SignaVMultifunction Lever
To sound the horn, press the horn symbols on the
steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel (Option)
I
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive.
You can also raise it to the highest level to give your
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
j
I
I
To tilt t& wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
'
'
The lever on the driver's side of the steering column
includes your:
0
Turn and Lane Change Signals
0
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer
0
Windshield Wipers
0
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control (Option)
0
2-29
Turn and Lane Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) andtwo
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all whenyou
signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) andfor burned-out bulbs.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiringfor
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasher is used.
When theturn is finished, the lever will return automatically.With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash
even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check thefront
An arrow on the instrument
and rear turn signal lamps regularlyto make sure they
panel will flash inthe
are working.
direction of the turn or
lane change.
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer
A
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you releaseit.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows don’t
flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
2-30
To change the headlamps from low beam to highor high
to low, pull the multifunction lever all the way toward
you. Then release it.
When the high beamsare
on, this indicator lighton
the instrument panelalso
will be on.
Windshield Washer
Windshield Winers
You control the windshield
wipers by turning the band
with the wiper symbol on it.
At the top of the multifunction lever, there'sa paaale
marked with the windshield washer symbol and PUSH. To
spray washer fluid on the windshield, press the paddle.
For a single wiping cycle,
turn the band to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers
start, then let go. The wipers
will stop after one wipe. If
you want more wipes,-hold
the band on MIST longer.
The wipers will clear the window and theneither stop or
return to your preset speed.
-5
You can set the wiper speedfor a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rainor
snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time. The
closer to LOW, the shorter the delay.
A CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don't use your washer until
the windshieldis warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form iceon the windshield, blocking
your vision.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away
from you to the LOW position. For high-speed wiping,
turn the band further, to HIGH. To stop the wipers,
move the band to the OFF position.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they're frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
worn or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
2-31
Rear Window Washermiper (Option)
from a switch on your
instrument panel, next to
the audio system.
the washer bottle, you maynot be able to wash your rear
window. If you can wash your windshield, but not your
rear window, checkthe fluid level.
Cruise Control (Option)
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 kmh) or more without keeping yourfoot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work atspeeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply y
To turn the wiper on,slide the switch all the way up.
For delay wiping, slide the switcheven with the word
DELAY in the center position of the rear wiper control.
The wiper will cycle every nine seconds.
To wash the window, push inon the switch. Window
washer fluid will continue to spray until the switch is
released. The wiper will continue with three more wipes
and then returnto the setting that waschosen before the
lever was pushed.
The rear window washer usesthe same fluid bottle as
the front windshield washer.If the fluid level is low in
2-32
*
sakes, the
#econ 1 sh
i
off.
A CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dal-,-- JUS wher - JOU
can’t drivesafely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can causeneedless wheel
spinning, andyou could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery
roads.
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting Cruise Control
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off
the cruise control. But you don't need to reset it.
If you leave your cruise control switcn
on when
you're not using cruise,you might hit a button
and go into cruise whenyou don't want to.
You could be startled andeven losecontrol.
Keep the cruise control switch
OFF until you
want to use it.
_
_
~
~
.::...
.
Once you're going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switch from ON
to R/A for about
1 1/2 seconds.
~
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2 . Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press in the SET button
at the end of the lever
and release it.
You'll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
Remember, if you hold the switch atR/A longer than
1 1/2 seconds, the vehicle will keep going faster until
you release the switch or apply the brake. You could be
startled and even lose control. So unless you want to
go faster, don't hold the switch at R/A.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-33
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
Use the accelerator pedal to increase .your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Press the button at the end of the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch. (To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switch to WA for less
than 3/4 of a second. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 k d h ) faster.)
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Contrel
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
0 Press the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
0 To slow down in very small amounts, press the
button for less than 1/2 second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may want to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off thecruise control:
Step lightly on the brake pedal.
Move the cruise switch to 0,FE
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition.
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
2-34
1,
Lamps
I
I
i
Turn the knob to the master lamp symbol to turn on all
the lamps listed as well as the headlamps.
Turn the knob to OFF to turn off your lamps.
i
Rotate thedial next to the lampswitch down to dim
your instrument panel lights.
Rotate thedial up to brighten you instrument panel
lights. If you rotate the dial all the way until it clicks,
your interior lamps will come on.
I
Headlamps
You can switch your headlamps from high to low beam
by pulling the multifunction lever toward you.
I
Your lamp switch is on the driver's side of the
instrument panel.
A circuit breaker protects your headlamps. If you have
an electrical overload, your headlamps will flicker on
and off. Have your headlamp wiring checked right away
if this happens.
Turn the knob to the first positionto turn on:
0
I
!
0
I
*
*
0
*
'parking Lamps
Taillamps
LicensePlate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
2-35
Headlamps On Reminder
A reminder tone will sound when your headlamps or
parking lamps are turned on and your ignition is inthe
OFF, LOCK or ACCESSORY position. To turnthe tone
off, turn the switchto the OFF position.
Daytime Running Lamps (If Equipped)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can behelpful in many differentdriving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
The DRL system will make your headlamps come on at
a reduced brightness when:
the ignition is on,
the headlamp switch is off and
the parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your headlamps will beon.
The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on.
Your instrument panel won’t belit up either.
2-36
When it begins to get dark, your DRL indicator lightis a
reminder to turn your headlamp switch on. The other
lamps that come on with your headlamps will also
come on.
When you turn the headlamp switch off, the regular
lamps will go off, and yourheadlamps will change to
the reduced brightness of DRL.
To idle your vehicle with theDRL off, set the parking
brake. The DRL will stay off until you release the
parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turnon the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Interior Lamps
Dome Lam---I Off Button
Dome Lamps
::.,,,
..
-.
If the DOME LAMP OFF button is in the out position,
your interior lamps will work as usual.
The domelamps may come on when you open any of
the doors. You can alsoturn on the dome lamps by
turning the dimmer dial upuntil it clicks.
2-37
If the button is pressed in, the interior lamps will not
come on when any of the vehicle’s doors are open,
unless your vehicle has the optional Keyless Entry
system. The button is located next to the lamp
switch knob.
Mirrors
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror
If you have the optional reading lamps, they will still
operate if the button is pressed-in.
.,,-
,
,
Reading Lamps.(Option)
You may have the optional reading lamps next to the
dome lamps. Turn the lamps on andoff by pressing the
switch next to the lamp.
You can adjust the lamps to any desired position by
rotating the ,lamp and they will work when the ignition
is on or off. Be sure to turn the lamps off before you
leave the vehicle.
You can adjust the mirror for day or night driving. Press
the tab forward ‘(awayfrom you) for day driving. Pull
the tab back (toward you) for night driving.
2-38
Outside Mirrors
Adjust your outside mirrors so you can just see the side
of your vehicle.
Some mirrors are manually adjustable. The optional
electric mirrors come with a remote control adjustment
switch. Find the switch on the driver’s door.
you do not accidentally move a mirror, turn theknob to
the middle (off‘) position.
Mirrors can also befolded in or out. Push the mirror
toward the vehicle to move it in. After pushing the
mirror out, adjustment will be maintained.
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
A convex mirror can make things
(likl- Aher
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hita vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirroror glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
To move a mirror, turn the knob in the middle of the
control to L for the driver’s side mirror or to R for the
passenger’s side mirror. Then press the four-way pad to
move the mirror in the desired direction. To make sure
2-39
Storage Compartments
Your front storage compartment/glove box is at the
center of the engine cover. You will have a single-sided
key to lock and unlock it. To open the compartment,
press the two tabs together and pull.
2-40
If you have an optional sliding tray storage compartment,
it is under the front passenger seat. To open the
compartment, move the latch in the top handle and
pull the tray forward.
If you have rear storage compartments, pull up on the lid
to open the cover,
There is also a maphtorage pocket on the passenger's
side of the engine cover console.
2-41
Overhead Console (Option)
Reading Lamps
Press the button near each
lamp to turn the reading
lamps on and off.
The lamps can also be swiveled to point in the direction
you want.
2-42
Installing a GarageDoor Opener
If you have a garage dooropener, the front overhead
compartment can be used to conveniently store
the opener.
To install the garage door opener, first open the
compartment door by pressing the latch forward.
Peel the protective
backing from the hook
and loop patch.
Center the garage door opener activation button over
the console door button and press theopener firmly
into place.
The pegs inside the
compartment door are used
to make sure the button on
the compartment door will
contact the control button
on the garage door opener.
Add one peg at a time until the garage door opener
operates with the compartment door closed when you
press the button.
Press it firmly to the back of your garage door opener, as
close to the center of the opener as possible.
2-43
Now, with the compartment
door closed, press the
button again to make sure
the garage door opener
operates properly.
With the garage door opener positioned properly and the
right number of pegs in place,you should only have to
press the button slightly to operatethe opener. Adjustthe
position of the garage door opener and add or remove
pegs, as needed, until the opener operates properly.
2-44
Temperature and Compass Display
The outside air temperature and the compassare
displayed at the frontof the overhead console.The
control switches are located to the left of the display.
Turn the display on oroff 'by pressing the ON/OFF
switch. Display the temperature in either degrees
Fahrenheit (English) or Celsius
(metric) by pressing
the USMET switch.
Before you turn on theignition and move the vehicle,
the temperature indicatedwill be thelast outside
temperature recorded with the ignition on.
If the outside temperatureis 37°F (3°C) or lower when
you turn on theignition, ICE will appear onthe display.
This is a warning to the driver that road conditionsmay
be icy, and that appropriate precautions should be
taken.
The compass isself-calibrating, so it does not need to be
manually set. However, when your vehicle is new, the
compass may function erratically. If it does, CAL
(Calibration) will appear on the display. To correct the
problem, drive slowly in a complete360" circle three
times, and the compasswill function-normally.
I
2. Press and hold both the ON/OFF and the USMET
switches. Thedisplay will go off.
1
Variance is the difference bet-ween magnetic north and
geographic north. In some areas, the differencebetween
the two can be great enoughto cadse false compass
readings. If this happens, follow theseinstructions to set
the variance for your particular location:
1. Find your location on the zone map. Note your
zone number.
I
3. After five seconds,VAR CAL will appear on the
display. When it does, release both buttons.
4. Press USMET until your zone number appears on
the display.
5. Press ON/OFF to enter your zone number. Your
variance is now set.
2-45
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
Convenience Net (Option)
The console has a sunglasses storage compartment.
You may have a convenience net in the rearof your
vehicle to help keep small loads, like grocery bags,in
place during sharp turns or quick stops and starts.
The net is not designed for larger, heavier items.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
you're not using it.
2-46
Luggage Carrier (Option)
If you have a luggage carrier, you can load things on top
of your vehicle.
The luggagecarrier has slats, side rails and crossrails
attached to the roof to secure cargo. Themoveable tie
downs, attachedto the siderails, should be used to
secure loadsto the luggage carrier.
Be sure the cargois properly loaded. Follow these guidelines:
a Carrying small,heavy loads on the roof is
not recommended.
a Tie the loadto the moveable tie down, (two per each
side of the side rails). Use the crossrails only to keep
the load from sliding.
a If you need to carry long items, tie the load to the
moveable tie downs provided in the side rails. Also
tie the load to the bumpers. Do not tie the load so
tightly that the crossrails or side rails are damaged.
NOTICE:
Loading cargo thatweighs more than200 lbs.
(91 kg) on the luggage carrier may damage your
vehicle. When you carry large things, never let
them hang over the rear or the of
sides
your
vehicle. Load your cargoso that it rests on the
slats anddoes not scratch or damage the
vehicle.
Put the cargo against the side rails and fasten
securely to the luggage carrier.Put the main
weight as far forwardas you can.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “LoadingYour Vehicle” in
the Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier and
cargo are still securely fastened.
2-47
To remove the front ashtray, openit and gently pullit
slightly past its stop.
Ashtl- ys and Cigarette Lighter
-
The cigarette lighter ison the left of the engine
cover console.
To remove the ashtray on the sliding door, openit, press
down on the inside tab and pull out.
To use the lighter, press it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.
You may have another ashtray on the driver’s sidewall.
Press the right sideto turn the ashtray around for use.
To remove the ashtray, openit and gently pull it off
the hinge.
NOTICE:
I
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter inwith your hand
while it is heating, If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element
when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
The front ashtray isjust above the passenger’s side
front cupholder.
2-48
I NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into
your ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or other
smoking materials could set them
on fire,
causing damage.
Sun Visors
Accessory Power Outlets (Option)
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors.
You can
also swing them from sideto side. Your visors may have
an extension that can be pulledout for additional glare
protection anda strap for holding small items, such
as maps.
If you have accessory power outlets, you can plug in
auxiliary electrical equipment. Just pull up from the
bottom of the door and follow the proper installation
instructions that are included with any electrical
equipment that you install.
Visor Vanity Mirror
I-
There are two accessory power outlets located on the
passenger’s side of the engine cover console.
Another accessory power outlet is located on the
driver’s side behind the third row seating position,
near the floor.
These circuits are protected by a fuse and have
maximum current levels.
I NOTICE:
~~
Some visors have mirrors built in, with or without lamps.
Just lift the mirror cover on each visorto turn the lamps
on, if you have them.
When using the accessory power outlets, maximum
electrical load must not exceed 25 amps. Always
turn off any electrical equipment when not in use.
Leaving electrical equipmenton for extended
periods will drain your battery.
Lighted mirrors also have a density switch to make the
mirror lamps brighter or dimmer.
2-49
Instrument Panel
2-50
A. Lamp Switches
K. Rear Heater Control
B. Instrument Panel Dimmer
L. Rear WasherNiper
C. Multifunction Lever
M. Front Ashtray
D. Hazard Lamp Switch
N. Accessory Power Outlets
E. Transmission Shift Lever
E Ignition Switch
0. Cupholders/Storage Tray
G. Rear Hatch Release
Q. Audio System
H.Rear Defogger
R. Cigarette Lighter
I. Comfort Controls
S. Hood Release
J. Rear A/C Control
T. Dome Lamps OFF Button
P. Front Storage Compartment
2-51
Instrument Panel Cluster
I
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to letyou know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know
how fast you’re going, about how much fuel remains, and many
other things you’ll need toknow to drive safely
and economically.
2-52
Speedometer and Odom. er
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
This part describes the warning lights and gages that may
be on your vehicle. The pictures will helpyou locate them.
A
Your odometer is tamper resistant. The digital odometer
will read 999,999 if someone tries to turn it back.
Warning lights and gagescan signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be setto the
mileage total of the old odometer, then it must be. But if
it can’t, then it’s set at zero,and a label must be put on
the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when
the new odometer was installed.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some warning
lights come on briefly whenyou start the enginejust to let
you know they’re working.If you are familiar with this
section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.
Trip Odometer
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has
been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero.
The trip odometer will appear in place of your regular
odometer when you press theTRIP button.
To reset the trip odometer, press andhold the TRIP
button. To change back to the regular odometer, press
the TRIP button again.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
2-53
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Air Bag Readiness Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a tone will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag” in the Index.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds,
then it will flashfor about
55 seconds. If the driver’s
belt is already buckled,
neither the tone nor the
light will come on.
AIR
BAG
You will see this light flash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition to RUN
or START. Thenthe light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you
start your vehicle, or stays on, or comes on when you
are driving, your air bag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
2-54
Charging System Indicator Light
j-+l
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
you turn the ignition on, but
the engine is not running, as
a check to show you the
light is working.
Then it should go out once the engine is running. If it
stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you may
have a problem with the electrical charging system.
It could indicate that you have a loose accessory drive
belt, or another electrical problem. Have it checked
right away. Driving while this light is on could drain
your battery.
Voltmeter
I
I When your engine is not
running, but the ignition is
on (in the RUN position),
the gage shows your
battery’s state of charge
in DC volts.
When the ignition is running, the gage shows the
condition of the charging system. Readings between
the low and high warning zones indicate the,normal
operating range.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and heatedair conditioner.
2-55
Readings in thelow warning zone may occur when a
large number of electrical accessoriesare operating in
the vehicle and theengine is left at an idle for an
extended period. This condition is normal since the
charging system is notable to provide full power at
engine idle. As engine speeds are increased, this
condition should correct itself as higherengine speeds
allow the charging systemto create maximum power.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake systemis divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, theother part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brakesystem inspected right away.
You can only drive for a short time with the readings in
either warning zone. If you must drive, turnoff all
unnecessary accessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible
problem in theelectrical system. Have the vehicle
serviced as soon as possible.
2-56
BRAKE
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If
it doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if
there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal maygo closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
A CAUTION:
.
.
Your brake systemmay not be working properly
if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident.If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towedfor service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also comeon when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
Anti-Lock Brake SystemWarning Light
ANTI LOCK
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when you start your
engine and may stay on
for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving,
your vehicle needs service. If the regularbrake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you
don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes
and there’s a problem with your regular brakes. See
“Brake System Warning Light” earlier in this part.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turnthe ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
2-57
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD I1 (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intendedto
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the
life of the vehicle, helpingto produce a cleaner
environment. (In Canada, OBD I1 is replaced by
Enhanced Diagnostics.) The SERVICE ENGINE SOON
light comes on to indicate thatthere is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctionsoften will be indicated
by the system before any problemis apparent, which
may prevent more seriousdamage to your vehicle. This
system is also designedto assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
2-58
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be
as
good and your engine may not run
as smoothly.
This could leadto costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition ison and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’tcome on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service is required.
0
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the LightIs Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
0
Reduce vehicle speed.
Did you just put fuel into your vehicle?
0
Avoid h - -- -1 accelerations.
0
Avoid steep uphill grades.
0
If towing a trailer, reduce the amount of cargo being
hauled as soon as it is possible.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap,making sure to fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed. This will
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few
driving trips should turn the lightoff.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Put your vehicle in PARK (P). Turn the
key off, wait atleast 10 seconds and restart the engine.
If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On
Steady” following. If the light is still flashing follow the
previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your dealer or
qualified service center for service.
Are you low on fuel?
If so, your electrical system may be wet.The condition
will usually becorrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn thelight off.
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. It
will take a few driving trips to turn the light off.
2-59
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitationon
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you experience this condition, change the fuel brand
you use. It will requireat least one full tank of the
proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealeror qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipmentand
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
2-60
Oil Pressure Gage
The oil pressure gage shows
the engine oil pressure in
psi (pounds per square inch)
when the engine is running.
Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals).
Oil pressure may varywith engine speed, outside
temperature and oil viscosity, but readingsabove the
low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a
dangerously low oil levelor other problems causing low
oil pressure.
I A CAUTION:
Don’t keep drivingif the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can becomeso hot that it
catches fire. You or otherscould be burned.
Check youroil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
1 NOTICE:
Damage to your engine fromneglected oil
problems can becostly and is not covered by
your warranty.
Check Oil Light
CHECK
OIL
This light should come
on briefly while you are
starting your engine. If the
light doesn’t come on, have
it repaired.
If the light comes on while starting and stays on, your
engine oil level should be checked.
Prior to checking your oil level, be sure your vehicleis
on a level surface and has been shut offfor several
minutes to allow the oilto drain back into theoil pan.
Check your oil level and bring it up to the proper level.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
The oil level monitoring system only checks the oil
during the brief period between turning the keyon and
when the engine starts. It does not check the oil level
while the vehicle isrunning.
Parking on steep grades may cause the light to come on
even when the oil level is correct.If this happens, park
the vehicle on a level surface and check the oil level.
2-61
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
If the gage pointer moves to
the red area, your engine is
too hot!
Daytime Running. Lamps, Indicator Light
If your vehicle’wasfirst
:::O
sold, when new, in Canada,
you will have this light on
the instrument panel.
..e
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual shows you what
to do. See “Engine’Overheating” in the Index.
\
2-62
It goes on whenever the Daytime Running Lamps(DRL)
are on.
I
When it begins to get dark, the DRL indicator light is a
reminder to turn on your headlamps.
Fuel Gage
Check Gages Light
The fuel gage tells you
how much fuel you have
remaining when the
ignition is on.
This light will come on
CHECK
GAGES
If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving,
check your various gages to see if they are in the
warning zones.
When the gage fust indicates EMPTY (E), you still have a
little fuel left, butyou should get more
fuel as soon as possible
Here are things some owners ask about. None ofthese
indicate a problem with your fuel gage:
0
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads FULL (F).
0
The fuel tank will take either a little more or a little
less fuel to fill up than the gage shows.
0
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
0
The gage doesn't go back to EMPTY (E) when you
turn off the ignition.
2-63
NOTES
2-64
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
I
I
In this section you’ll find out how to operate the comfort
control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with
your vehicle.
Heating/Air ConditioningSystem
Comfort Controls
This section tells you how to make your air system work
for you. Your comfort control system uses ozone-friendly
R- 134a refrigerant.
With these systems, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle. Your vehicle also has
a flow-through ventilation system described later in
this section.
If your vehicle hasair conditioning, your heating/air
conditioning controls will look like this.
3-1
Fan Knob
This control has four positions. To increase airflow,
turn the knob toward HI. To decrease airflow, move it
toward LO.
Temperature Knob
This knob is next to the fan knob. It selects the
temperature of the air flowing into your vehicle. Move
the knob clockwise for warmer air. Move the knob
counterclockwise for cooler air.
Function Knob
This knob is next tothe temperature knob.
OFF: This setting turns the system off.
MAX A/C: This cools the air the fastest, by
recirculating the inside air. Move the temperature knob
all the way clockwise.
A/C: This setting brings in outsideair and cools it.
I
,
.
+fl
BI-LEVEL: This setting brings in outside air
through the heaterfloor vent and the instrument panel
vents. If you move the temperature knob between hot
and cold, cooler air will come out of the upper vents
while warmer air comes out of the floor vent. The air
conditioning compressor may operate in this settingto
cool the air.
+.
/J VENT The a x comes out at the vents on your
instrument panel. The air conditioning compressor will
not run in this position. Adjust the temperature knobfor
warmer or cooler air.
+’
HEATER: Most of the air comes o u t near the
floor. The rest comes out from the defroster vents under
the windshield and at the frontside windows.
+
BLEND: With
’
this setting, the heated outside air
w
e
comes out both the heater vents and defroster vents.
Adjust the temperature knob for warmer
or cooler air.
DEFROST This setting operates the defroster.
Most of the air comes out near the windshield, with
some going to the floor vents and front side windows.
3-2
Heating System
Function Knob
This knob is next to thetemperature knob. The function
knob allows you to choose the direction of air delivery.
OFF: This setting turns the system off.
-a
#
VENT The air comes out at the vents on y
instrument panel.
+.
r
+#
BI-LEVEL: With this setting, the heated outside
air comes out both the instrument panel vents and
heater vents. Adjust the temperature knob for warmer
or cooler air.
+ ’ , HEATER: Most of the air comes out near the
If your vehicle does not have air conditioning, your
heater controls will look like this.
floor. The rest comes out from the defroster vents under
the windshield and at the front side windows.
Fan Knob
+%
’ , BLEND: With this setting, the heated outside
This control has four positions, To increase airflow,
turn the knob toward HI. To decrease airflow, move it
toward LO.
Temperature Knob
This knob is next to the fan knob. It selects the
temperature of the air flowing into your vehicle. Move
the knob clockwise for warmer air. Move the knob
counterclockwise for cooler air.
air comes out both the heater vents and defroster vents.
Adjust the temperature knob for warmer or cooler air.
DEFROST This setting operates the defroster.
Most of the air comes out near the windshield, with
some going to the floor vents and front side windows.
3-3
Rear Heating System (Option)
Rear Air Conditioning System (Option)
You may have the optional rear heater.The three-speed
fan switch is to the right of the radio. Turn the switch
toward HIGH for higher airflow in the rear area. Turn
the switch to the OFF position to turn the system off.
You may have rear air conditioning. The rear air
conditioning switch is located tothe right of the heater
controls. Turn the switch towardHIGH for higher
airflow in the rear area. Turn the switch to the OFF
position to turn the system off.
3-4
Air Conditioning
Before using your vehicle’s air conditioning, open the
windows to clear the vehicle of hot air. This reduces the
time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. Then keep
your windows closed for the air conditioner to work at
its best.
You can use MAX A/C with the temperature knob in the
blue area, when it’s really hot outside and you need to
cool the inside air quickly. MAX A/C lets in only a little
air from the outside.
If you first use MAX A/C, you can then use A/C with
the temperature knobin the blue area,as soon as the
vehicle has cooled down, so outside air will be going
through your vehicle.
If your vehicle has rear air conditioning, setting it on LO
may enhance thefront A/C performance by allowing
trapped refrigerant in the rear lines to circulate.
The rear air conditioning system will only send cooled
air if the front system is on. It can still be used to
circulate air, even if the front system is off.
When the air conditioning, DEFROST or BLEND is on,
you may notice a slight increase or decreasein engine
speed, dueto compressor operation. This is normal
because the system is designed to cycle the compressor
on and offto keep the desired temperature.
Heating
On cold days, use HEATER with the temperature knob
in the red area. Outside air will bebrought in through
the floor outlets. The heater works best if you keep your
windows closed while using it.
If you use the optional enginecoolant heater before
starting your engine, your heating system will produce
warmer air faster to heat the passenger compartment in
cold weather. See “EngineCoolant Heater” in the Index.
3-5
Defrosting
Use DEFROST to remove fog or ice from the
windshield quickly in extremely cold conditions.The
temperature knob should be in the redarea and the fan
control toward high. The air conditioning compressor
may operate in this setting to dehumidify the air.
The BLEND setting is useful for cold weather with a
large number of passengersor very humid conditions to
help keep the windshield clear.
Ventilation System
For mild outside temperatures when little heatingor
cooling is needed, use VENT to direct outside air
through your vehicle. Air will flow through the
instrument panel vents.
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air to the inside of your vehicle whenit is
moving. With theside windows closed, air will flow into
the front air inlet grilles at the base of the windshield,
through the vehicle andout the rear air exhaust valves.
Outside air will also enter the vehicle when the heateror
the air conditioning fan is running.
3-6
Your vehicle has air vents near thecenter and on the
sides of the instrument panel that allowyou to adjust the
direction and the amountof airflow inside the vehicle.
Push the vent upor down to direct airflow to your
preference. Increase or reduce the amount of airflow by
opening and closing the louvers.The vents rotate to
direct the airflow fromside to side.
When you close a vent, it will increase the flow of air
coming out of any vents thatare open.
If you have rear heating or rear air conditioning, you
will have adjustable vents in the rear of the vehicle to
help direct the airflow. The rear air conditioning vents
are located in the headliner at the rear of the vehicle.
The rear heating vents are located next to the second
and third seat on the driver’s side of the vehicle, near
the floor. You can move the vents to direct the flow of
air, or close the vents altogether. When you close a vent,
it will increase the flow of air coming out of any vents
that are open.
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
If your vehicle has this option, the rear window will
have lines running across the glass. These lines heat
your window.
For best results, clear the window of as much snow or
ice as possible before using the rear window defogger.
I
.
. .
:.
Ventilation Tips
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
0
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the
blower fan to HIGH for a few moments .before
driving off. This helps clear the intake ducts of snow
and moisture, and reduces the chance of fogging the
inside of your
windows.
Press
button
the
untillight
the
To turn on therear window
defogger, find the button
I to the left of the heater
controls with the defog
symbol on it.
,.
comes on, then
release
it.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition switch is in the RUN position.
3-7
You can turn the defogger off at any timeby pressing
the button again. The defogger will shut itself off after
several minutes so that the elass does not eet too hot. If
the window still isn’t clear, turnthe defogger on again.
U
0
~~
NOTICE:
Setting theClock for AM-FM Stereo and
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player
Press SET. Within five seconds, press and hold the
SEEK right arrow until the correct minute appears on
the display. Press and hold the SEEK left arrow until the
correct hour appears on the display.
L
Scraping the insideof your rear window could
cut and damage the defogger.Your warranty
would not cover this damage. And don’t put
decals there, you might have to scrape
them off.
Audio
Systems
Your [email protected] audiosystem has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your Delco system can do
and how to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
3-8
Setting the Clockfor AM-FM Stereo with
Compact Disc Player
Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears on the
display. Press and hold MIN until the correct minute
appears on the display. To display the clock with the
ignition off, press RECALL and the time will be displayed
forseconds.
aisThere
few
antwo-second
initial
delay
before the clock goes into the time-set mode.
I I
AM-FM Stereo
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob
to get AM or F M .
TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.
SEEK: Press theright arrow to. tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there.
SCAN: Press both SEEK buttons to listen to a few
seconds of each radio station. SCAN will light up on the
display. Press the right m o w to tune in the next higher
station and press the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station. Press VOLUME-BAL or both SEE-Kbuttons to
stop scanning.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME-BAL: Turn the knob clockwiseto turn
the radioon and counterclockwise to turn it off. To
increase the volume, turn the knob clockwise.
To
decrease the volume, turn the knob counterclockwise.
Display the time with the ignition off by pressing the
VOLUME-BAL knob. When the radiois playing, press
this button to recall the station frequency.
RECALL: Display the timewith the ignition off by
pressing the recall knob. When the radiois playing,.
press this knob to recall the station frequency.
PUSHBUTTONS: The fournumbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
14 stations (seven AM and seven FM).
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET,
3. Press and hold one of the four pushbuttons, within
five seconds. Whenever you press that numbered
button, thestation you set will return.
3-9
In addition to the four stations set as above, up to
three additional stations may be preset oneach band by
pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time. Just:
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player
(Option)
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. PressSET.
3. Press two adjoining buttons at the same time,
within five seconds. Whenever you press the same
two buttons, the station you set will return.
4. Repeat these steps for each pair of buttons.
Setting theTone
BASS: Slide this lever up to increase the bass.
TREB: Slide this lever up to increase the treble.
Slide the lever down to reduce noise with a weak or
noisy station.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: The control behind the VOLUME-BAL knob
balances the sound between the right andleft speakers.
FADE: The control behind theTUNE knob fades the
sound between the front and rear speakers.
3-10
Playing the Radio
VOLUME-BAL: Turn the knob clockwise to turn the
radio on andcounterclockwise to turn it off. To increase
the volume, turn the knob clockwise. To decrease the
volume, turn the knobcounterclockwise.
RECALL: Display the time with the ignition offby
pressing the RECALL knob. When theradio is playing,
press this button to recall the station frequency.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to get AM or FM.
TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.
SEEK: Press this button and the radio will tune to the
next higher or lower station and stay there.
3. Press two adjoining buttons at the same time,
within five seconds. Whenever you press the same
two buttons, the station you set will return.
4. Repeat these steps for each pair of buttons.
PUSHBUTTONS: The four numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
14 stations (seven AM and seven FM).
P.SCAN: Press both SEEK buttons to scan through each
of the preset stations. The system will scan through and
play each preset station stored on your pushbuttons for a
few seconds. Press either SEEK button or RECALL to
stop scanning through the preset stations.
1. Tune in the desired station.
Setting theTone
2. Press SET.
BASS: Slide this lever up to increase the bass.
3. Press and hold one of the four pushbuttons, within
five seconds. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return.
TREB: Slide this lever up to increase the treble.
Slide the lever down to reduce noise with a weak or
noisy station.
In addition to the four stations set as above, up to
three additional stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time. Just:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. PressSET.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: The control behind the VOLUME-BAL knob
balances the sound between the right and left speakers.
FADE: The control behind the TUNE knob fades the
sound between the front and rear speakers.
3-11
Playing a CassetteTape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes thatare
30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than
that are so thin they maynot work well inthis player.
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape and
Automatic Tone Control (Option)
Once the tape is playing, use the knobs for VOLUME,
FADE and BAL just asyou do for the radio.
FWD: Press the SEEK right arrow to advance the
cassette tape. Press the SEEK left arrowto stop
forwarding the tape.
REV: Press the SEEK left arrow to reverse the cassette
tape. Press the SEEK right arrow to stop reversing
the tape.
RECALL: Press this button to switch tape sides.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape or stop the
tape and play the radio.
CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, butyou should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and holdEJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
3-12
Playing the Radio
PWR-VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. Turn this control clockwise to increase the volume
and counterclockwise to decrease the volume. The faster
the PWR-VOL knob is rotated, the quicker the volume
is increased or decreased.
RECALL: Press this button to switch between the clock
and the radio station frequency displayed when the radio
is on. Also, press this button to display the time when
the ignition is off.
SCV: This is the Speed-Compensated-Volume (SCV)
knob. Move the control ring behind the PWR-VOL knob
clockwise to adjust the SCV. Set the volume at the
desired level. As you dnve, the SCV automatically
increases the volume,as necessary, to overcome road and
wind noise at any particular speed. The volume should
always sound the same. Each clockwise positionon the
control ring allows for more compensation at a faster rate.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FMl
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Rotate the knob clockwiseto increase
frequency and counterclockwise to decrease frequency.
When finished tuning, press theknob again to return it
to its stored position.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tuneto the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower station
and stay there. The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press and hold SEEK for two seconds until
SCAN appearson the display. SCAN allowsyou to
listen to stations for a few seconds. Thereceiver will
continue to scan and momentarily stop at each station
until you press the button again. The sound will mute
while scanning.
AUTO TONE: Press this button to select among the
five preset equalization settings and tailor the sound to
the music or voice being heard. Each time you press
the button, the selection will switch to one of the preset
settings of CLASSIC, NEWS, ROCK, POP or JAZZ. To
return to the manual mode, press and release this button
until MAN appears on the display. This will return the
tone adjustment to the TREB and BASS controls. If a
TREB or BASS control is rotated, the AUTO TONE
setting will change to MAN.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FM2).
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
2. Tune in the desired station by pressing TUNE or the
SEEK left or right arrows.
3. Press AUTO TONE to select the setting you prefer.
4. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons.
5. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selectedfor that button.
3-13
P.SCAN: The preset scan button lets you scan through
your favorite stations stored on your pushbuttons. Select
either the AM, FMl or FM2 mode and then press
€?SCAN.It will scan through each station storedon your
pushbuttons and stop fora few seconds before continuing
to scan through allof the pushbuttons. Press P.SCAN
again or oneof the pushbuttons to stop scanning to listen
to a specific preset station.PSCAN will light up on the
display while inthis mode. If one of the stations stored on
a pushbutton is too weak for the location you are in, the
radio display will show the channel number(Pl-P6) for
several seconds before advancingto the next preset station.
BAL: Press this buttonto remove the control from its
stored position. Turn the control clockwise to adjust
sound to theright speakers and counterclockwise to
adjust sound to the leftspeakers. Press the button again
to return BAL to its stored position.
FADE: Press this button to remove the control from
its stored position. Turn the control clockwise to adjust
the sound to the front and counterclockwise for rear
speakers. Press the button again to return FADE to its
stored position.
Setting theTone
Playing a CassetteTape
BASS: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Turn the knob clockwise to increase the
bass and counterc.lockwiseto decrease thebass. When
the BASS control is rotated, the AUTO TONE setting
will change to MAN. Push the knob back in to its stored
position when done.
Your 'tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapeslonger than
that are so thin they may not work well in this player.
TREB: Press lightly on the TREB knob to release it
from its stored position. Turn the knobclockwise to
increase the treble and counterclockwise to decrease the
treble. When the TREB control is rotated,-theAUTO
TONE setting will change to MAN. Push the knob back
in to its stored position when done.
3-14
Adjusting the Speakers
To load a cassette tape with the ignition off, press
EJECT or RECALL. Then, insert the cassette tape.
If the ignition is on but the radio is 'off, the tape will
begin playing.
'The player automatically senses if the cassette tape is
metal or CrO2 andadjusts for best playback sound.
For metal tapes, the double-D symbol will appear on
the display.
Once the tape is playing, use the VOL, BAL, FADE,
TREB and BASS controls just asyou do for the radio.
The tape symbol and a direction arrow will be on the
display whenever a tape is being played. Anytime a
tape is inserted, the top side is selected for play first.
PREV (1); Press the PREV or the SEEK left arrow
to search for the previous selection. A minimum
three-second blank gap is required for the player to stop
at the beginning of the selection. The tape direction
arrow will blink during the SEEK operation.
PROG (2): Press this button to switch from one side of
the tape to the other.
NEXT (3): Press NEXT or the SEEK right arrow to
search for the next selection. A minimum three-second
blank gap is required for the player to stop at the
beginning of the selection. The tape direction arrow
will blink during the SEEK operation.
REV (4): Press this button to rapidly reverse the tape to
the beginning of the cassette reel or until you press REV
again. The radio will play the last selected station while
reversing the tape. The tape direction arrow will blink
during REV operation.
00 (5): Press this button to reduce cassette tape noise.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display while
the player is in this mode.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured undera license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
FWD (6): Press this button to rapidly forward the tape
to the end of the cassette reel or until you press FWD
again. The radio will play the last selected station while
forwarding the tape. The tape direction arrow will blink
during FWD operation.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch from a tape to
the radio.
TAPE AUX: Press this button to return to the tape
player. The lighted arrow will appear and show the
direction of play when a tape is in the active mode.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The
radio will now play. EJECT can be used with either the
ignition or radio off, To load a cassette tape with the
ignition or radio off, press EJECT before loading
the cassette.
3-15
CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needsto be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, butyou should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player’’in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radiowill
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
and Automatic Tone Control (Option)
CD Adapter Kits
Although this is not a recommended practice, it is
possible to use a CD adapter kit with your cassette
tape player.
The adapter kit cassette should begin playing likea
regular audio cassette tape once inserted.If the cassette
immediately ejects, turn the radio off, turn the ignition on
and press and hold the TAPEAUX button until the tape
icon flashes on the display. Insert the adapter cassette
again. It will power up the radio and begin playing.
This override routine will remain active until EJECT
is pressed.
3-16
Playing the Radio
PWR-VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. Turn this control clockwise to increase the volume
and counterclockwise to decrease the volume. The faster
the PWR-VOL knob is rotated, the quicker the volume
is increased or decreased.
RECALL: Press this button to switch between the clock
and the radio station frequency displayed when the radio
is on. Also, press this button to display the time when
the ignition is off.
SCV: This is the Speed-Compensated-Volume (SCV)
knob. Move the control ring behind the PWR-VOL
knob clockwise to adjust the SCV. Set the volume at
the desired level. As you drive, the SCV automatically
increases the volume, as necessary, to overcome road
and wind noise at any particularspeed. The volume
should always sound the same. Each clockwise position
on the control ring allows for more compensation at a
faster rate.
SCAN: Press and hold SEEK for two seconds until
SCAN appears on the display. SCAN allows you to
listen to stations for a few seconds. The receiver will
continue to scan and momentarily stop at each station
until you press the button again. There will be no sound
when using the SCAN feature.
Finding a
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display will show your selection.
2. Tune in the desired station by pressing TUNE orthe
SEEK left or right arrows.
TUNE: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Rotate the knob clockwise to increase
frequency and counterclockwise to decrease frequency.
When finished tuning, press the knob again to return it
to its stored position.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. There will be no sound when
using the SEEK feature.
3. Press AUTO TONE to select the setting you prefer.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM 1 and six FM2).
4. Press and holdone of the four pushbuttons.
5. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
3-17
P.SCAN: The preset scan button letsyou scan through
your favorite stations stored on your pushbuttons.Select
either the AM, FMl or FM2 mode and then press
P.SCAN. It will scan through each station stored on
your pushbuttons and stop for a few seconds before
continuing to scan through all of the pushbuttons.
Press P.SCAN again or oneof the pushbuttons to stop
scanning to listen to a specific stored station. PSCAN
will light up on the display while in this mode.
If one of
the stations stored on a pushbutton is too weak forthe
location you are in, theradio display will show the
channel number (Pl-P6) for several seconds before
advancing to the next preset station.
Setting theTone
AUTO TONE: Press this button to select among the
five preset equalization settings and tailor the sound to
the music or voice being heard. Each timeyou press the
button, the selection will switch to one of the preset
settings of CLASSIC, NEWS, ROCK, POP or JAZZ.
The display will show which mode the receiveris in. To
return to the manual mode, press and release this button
until MAN appears on the display. This will return the
tone adjustment to the TREB and BASS controls. When
a TREB or BASS control is rotated, tone is
automatically set to MAN.
3-18
BASS: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Turnthe knob clockwise to increase the
bass and counterclockwise to decrease the bass. When
the BASS control is rotated, the AUTO TONE setting
will change to MAN. Pushthe knob back in to its stored
position when done.
TREB: Press lightly on the TREB knob to release it
from its stored position. Turn theknob clockwise to
increase the treble andcounterclockwise to decrease the
treble. When the TREB control is rotated, the AUTO
TONE setting will change to MAN. Push the knob back
in to its stored position whendone.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this button to remove the control from its
stored position. Turn the control clockwise to adjust
sound to the right speakers and counterclockwise to
adjust sound to the left speakers. Press the button
again to return BALto its stored position.
FADE: Press this button to remove the control from
its stored position. Turn thecontrol clockwise to adjust
the sound to the front andcounterclockwise for rear
speakers. Press the button againto return FADE to its
stored position.
Playing a Compact Disc
PWR: Press this knob to turn the system on.
(Please note that you can also turn the system on
when you insert a compact disc intothe player with
the ignition on.)
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. Wait a few seconds and the disc
should play. CD and a CD symbol will also appear on
the display. Anytime you are playing a CD, the letters
CD will be next to the CD symbol.
If the disc comesback out and ERR appears on the
display, it could be that:
0
You are driving on a very rough road. (The disc
should play when the road gets smoother.)
0
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
0 It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
The disc player is very hot.
Press RECALL to make ERR go off the display.
RECALL: Press this button to see what track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how
long the CD has been playing that track. Elapsedtime is
displayed in minutes and tenths of a second. The track
number will also appear when a new track begins to
play. Press RECALL again to return to the time display.
PREV (1): Press PREV or the SEEK left arrow to
search for the previous selection. If you hold this button
or press it more than once, the disc will advance further.
Sound is muted in this mode.
RDM (2): Press this button to play the trackson the disc
in random (instead of 1, 2, 3. . .) order. While in the
RDM mode, RANDOM appears on the display. Press
RDM again to return to normal play.
NEXT (3): Press NEXT or the SEEK right arrow to
search for the next selection. If you hold this button or
press it more than once, the disc will advance further.
The next track number will appear on the display. Sound
is muted in this mode.
REV (4): Press and hold REVto return rapidly to a
favorite passage. You will hear the disc selection play at
high speed while you press the REV button. This allows
you to listen and find out when the disc is at the desired
selection. Release REV to resume playing.
3-19
FWD (6): Press and hold this buttonto advance rapidly
within a track. You will hear the disc selection play at
high speed while you press the FWD button. This allows
you to listen and find out when thedisc is at the desired
selection. Release FWD to resume playing.
Playing a Cassette in the Remote Cassette
Tape Player (Option)
AM-FM: While in the CD mode, press this button to
stop playing the CD and play the radio.The CD symbol
will still display but the wordCD will be replaced with
either AM, FMl or FM2. (If the radio is turned off,
the disc stays in the player and will resume playing at
the point where it stopped.)
CD AUX: To switch between the player and the radio
when a disc is playing, pressthe AM-FM button. To
return to the player, pressCD AUX. When a disc is
playing, the letters CD and the CD symbol will appear
on the display. (If the radiois turned off, the disc stays
in the player and will resume playing at the point where
it stopped.)
EJECT: Press this button to eject the disc from the
player and play the radio. When the sameor a new disc
is inserted, the disc will start playingon track one. If a
compact disc is left sitting in the opening for more than
a few seconds, the player will pullthe CD back in. The
radio will continue playing. When the ignition is off,
press this button to loada CD.
3-20
If you have an AM-FM Stereo Audio Compact Disc
Automatic Tone ControlSystem that includes a remote
cassette player, the cassette player is located in the
center of the instrument panel.
Your tape player is builtto work best with tapes thatare
30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than
that are so thin they may not work well in this player.
To load a cassette tape with the ignition off, first press
EJECT on the remote player. Then, insert the cassette
tape. The tape will play if the ignition is on but the radio
is off.
REV (4): Press this button to rapidly reverse the tape.
Once the tape is playing, use the control knobs for VOL,
The tape will rapidly reverse to the beginning of the
AUTO TONE, BAL, FADE, TREB and BASS just as
cassette reel or until you press REV again. The radio
you do for the radio. A lighted tape symbol shows when
plays the last selected station during REV.
a cassette tape is in the player. A lighted arrow will also
appear and show the direction of play when
a tape is active. (5): Press this pushbutton to turn Dolby on and off.
Dolby is active when a tape inserted in the remote
The player automatically senses if the cassette tape is
cassette. The double-D symbol will appear on
metal or 0 0 2 and adjusts for best playback sound.
For metal tapes, the double-D symbol will appear on
the display.
the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
Anytime a cassette tape is inserted, the top side is
selected for play first.
PREV (1): Press PREV or the SEEK left arrow (in the
opposite direction that the lighted tape direction arrow
points) to search for the previous selection. A minimum
three-second blank gap is needed for the player to stop
at the beginning of the selection. The tape direction
arrow will blink during the SEEK operation and the
sound is muted in this mode.
PROG: Press this button on the remote player to go
from one side of the tape to the other.
NEXT (3): Press NEXT or the SEEK right arrow (in the
direction that the lighted tape direction arrow points) to
search for the next selection. The tape direction arrow
will blink during SEEK operation and the sound is
muted in this mode.
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
FWD (6): Press this button to rapidly advance the tape.
The tape will rapidly advance to the end of the cassette
reel or until you press FWD again. The radio plays the
last selected station during FWD.
TAPE: Press the AM-FM button to switch from the
player and the radio when a tape is playing. To return to
the tape player, press CD AUX. The lighted arrow will
appear next to the symbol and show the direction of play
when a tape is active.
EJECT Press this button on the remote player to
remove the tape. EJECT can be used witheither the
ignition or radio off. Also, you must press EJECT before
loading a cassette with the radio off to allow loading.
U
3-21
Rear Seat Audio (Option)
SEEK: Press the up arrow to tune to’the next higher
station (with enough strength) and staythere. Press
the down arrow to tuneto the next lower station (with
enough strength) and stay there.The sound will mute
while seeking. The SEEK buttonis inactive if the
AM-FM mode on the front radio is in use.
While listening to a cassette tape, press the up arrowto
hear the next selection on thetape. Press the down arrow
to go back to the previous selection.
This feature allows rear seat pas - - - - - :rs to listen to a
different music source than the iron1 seat passengers
including AM-FM automatic tone control andcassette
tapes. For example, rear seat passengers may listento
the cassette tape through headphones while the driver
listens to the radio through thefront speakers. The rear
seat passengers have controlof the volume for each
headphone. Be aware that the front seat audio controls
always override the rear seat audio controls.
Note that this feature is intended for rear seat
passengers. Please do not use headphones while driving.
3-22
PWR: Press this buttonto turn the rear seat audio
system on or off. The rear speakers will be muted when
the power is turned on.You may operate the rear seat
audio functions even when the primaryradio power
is off.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. If the front passengersare already listening to
AM-FM, the rear seat audio controller will not switch
between the bands and cannot change the frequency.
TAPE CD: With a cassette tape in the player, press
this button to activate the feature. Oncethe feature is
activated and you have a cassette tape loaded, press
TAPE CD to switch between the cassette tapeand
radio functions.
P.SET PROG: The front passengers must be listening
to something different for eachof these three functions
to work:
0
0
Press this button to seek through your preset radio
stations set on your primary radio pushbuttons.
When a cassette tape is playing, press this button to
go to the other side of the tape.
VOL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob
clockwise to increase volume and counterclockwise to
decrease volume. Push the knob back in when you're
not using it. The upper VOL knobcontrols the upper
headphone and the lowerVOL knob controls the
lower headphone.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK" is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed.
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature. If THEFTLOCK
is activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytimebattery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
3-23
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
5 . Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
The instructions which follow, explain how to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is
recommended that you read through all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
6. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.
1. Write down anythree or four-digit number from
000 to 1999 andkeep it in a safe place separate from
the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. PI---s the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
untu --- shows on the display. Next you will use the
secret code number which you have written down.
3-24
7. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REP to let you know that you
need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you know that your radio is secure. The
indicator by the volume control will begin flashing
when the ignition is turned off.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After
a
Power Loss
1. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
Enter your secret code as follows;pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
2. Turn the radio off.
1. LOC appears when the ignition is on.
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until SEC showson the display.
2 . Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
4. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
3. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
5. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
4. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
6 . Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
5. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is
now operable and secure.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show ---,indicating that the radio is
no longer secured.
If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOP will
appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour
with the ignition on before you can try again. When you
try again, you will only have three chancesto enter the
correct code beforeINOP appears.
If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
code is entered.
When battery power is disconnected from a secured
radio, the radio won’t turn on and LOC will appear on
the display.
To unlock a secured radio, see 44Unlocking the
Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss” earlier in
this section.
If you lose or forget your code, contactyour dealer.
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
3-25
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles ( 16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere withFM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
To help avoid hearingloss or damage:
0 Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
AM
The range for most AM stations 1s greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere witheach other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the trebleto reduce this noise if you ever get it.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
3-26
~
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can add
what you want, If you can, it’s very important to
do itproperly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operationof your vehicle’s
engine, Delco radio or othersystems, and even
damage them,Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operationof sound equipment
that hasbeen added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check
with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone
units.
--
--
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate
that you have used your tapeplayer for 50 hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If you notice a reduction
in sound quality, try a known good cassette to see if
the tape or the tape player is at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean
the tape player.
Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. It
is normal for the cassette to eject while cleaning. Insert
the cassette at least three times to ensure thorough
cleaning. A scrubbing action cleaning cassette is
available through your GM dealer.
You may also choosea non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject. It may notclean as thoroughly as the scrubbing
type cleaner.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
3-27
Care of Your Compact Discs
Fixed Mast Antenna
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of adisc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
The fixed mast antenna can withstand mostcar washes
without being damaged. If the mast shouldever become
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent,as it might be by vandals,you should
replace it.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs bygrasping the outer edges or the
edge of .the hole and the outer edge.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still
tightened to the fender.
3-28
NOTES
3-29
NOTES
3-30
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts’’ in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways,“itmeans
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Here you’ll find information about driving on different
kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve
also included many other useful tips on driving.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in frontof you is going to
brake or turn suddenly.
4-1
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is a national tragedy. It’sthe number one contributor to
the highway deathtoll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is for people neverto drink alcohol and thendrive.
But what if peopledo? How much is“too much” if the
driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might
think. Although it dependson each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Drunken Driving
Judgment
0
Muscular Coordination
Vision
0
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so
they never drive after drinking. For persons under 2 1,
it’s against the law in everyU.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
4-2
The amount of alcohol consumed
0
The drinker’s body weight
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in anhour will end up witha
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1- 1/2ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, ginor vodka.
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in thedrinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have
a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
But the ability to drive isaffected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that thechance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having
a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
4-3
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll becareful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a needto
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even amoderate BAC might not beable
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical researchshows that
alcohol in a person’ssystem can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been ,
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
4-4
Drinking and then drivingis very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affectedby even a small amount
of alcohol. You can havea serious or even
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride
with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home aincab; or
if you’re with a group, designatea driver who
will not drink.
--
--
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up
your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction timeis about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (1 00 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle andothers
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; and the condition of your brakes.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
4-5
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.This
is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. Ifyou keep pace
with the traffic and allow realisticfollowing distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That
means better braking andlonger brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’tpump your brakes. Ifyou do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still havesome power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
4-6
Anti-Lock Brakes
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that willhelp
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself.You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal,
ANTI LOCK
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stayon.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the mostof available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels isabout to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the
rear wheels.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t havetime to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down and let anti-lock workfor you. You may feel
the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise, but
this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you needto.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you cansteer but
it will take much more effort,
4-8
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to takecurves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control’’accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subjectto
the same laws of physics whendriving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path whenyou turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicleon wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve dependson the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor
you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then
you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems-- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you wantit
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on,good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective than
braking. For example, you come over a hill and find a
truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pullsout
from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked
cars and stops rightin front of you. You can avoid these
problems by braking -- if you can stop in time. But
sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time for
evasive action -- steering around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies’’ earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you canfrom a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-9
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits forjust the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrenderto frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tipsfor passing:
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddlesthe edge of the
pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the rightfront tire contacts the
pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
4-10
0
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and
to crossroads for situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt w’hatsoever
about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
0
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate
a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
0
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you’re following a larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep
back a reasonable distance.
0
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes upfor the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are farenough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into,the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
0
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
0
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
0
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
4-11
Loss of Control
Let’s review whatdriving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the roadto do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up.Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek anescape route or area of
less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid mostskids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by
not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
muchspeed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skidare best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
4-12
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quicklysteer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready fora
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,you’ll
want to slow down andadjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow downon slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, accelerationor
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learnto recognize warning clues -such as enough water, iceor packed snow on the road to
make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
Driving at Night
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you andother
vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twiceas much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired -- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips o n night driving.
0
Drivedefensively.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They maycut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
Don’tdrinkand drive.
4-13
You can be temporarily blinded byapproaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the highbeams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into theapproaching headlamps.
Keep your windshieldand all the glasson your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the
glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more thanclean glass would,
making the pupilsof your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that yourheadlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’seasier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
4-14
Driving in Rain and onWet Roads
L
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall whileyou are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filledwith
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate
from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddlesor even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Tryto avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t
work
well in a quickstop and may cause pulling to one
side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water o
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
49.15
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually rideon the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or standing water, water can come in through
your engine’sair intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbodyof your vehicle.If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing
water, drive
through them very slowly.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it canif your
tires haven’t much treador if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen ifa lot of water is standingon
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-16
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself moreclear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires’’ in the Index.)
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streetsis the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get
a city map and plan your trip into an unknown part of
the cityjust as you would for a cross-country trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
0
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light is
there because the corner is busy enoughto need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you
start to
move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersectionor may be running the red light.
4-17
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freewaydriving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of theother drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine whereyou expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over yourshoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it's slower. Stay
in the right lane unlessyou want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
4-18
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn't another vehiclein your
"blind" spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, moveto the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s readyto go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealers all across North America. They’ll be ready and
willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
0
Windshield WcrslTer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside andoutside?
0
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, OtherFluids: Have you checked
all levels?
0
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enoughfor
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-19
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and MountainRoads
Is there actually sucha condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleepat the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with the
same scenery, along withthe hum of the tires on the road,
the drone of the engine, and the rushof the wind against
the vehicle that can makeyou sleepy. Don’t let it happen
to you! If it does, your vehicle can leavethe road in Zess
than a secund, and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
0
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, getsome exercise, or
both. For safety, treatdrowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-20
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
. levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transmission. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
0
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this:let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
Coas ,g downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor brakingor even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
~~~
A CAUTION:
0
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engin
and transmission, and you can climb the hill better.
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could
get
so hot that they wouldn’t workwell. You would
then have poor brakingor even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your engine assist your brakes on
a steep
downhill slope.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive atspeeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the top of a hill,be alert. There could b
something in your lane, like a stalledorcar
an accident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-21
Here are some tips for winterdriving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
'
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
4-22
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If
you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and
polish the surface under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.
What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard todrive on. But wet
ice can beeven more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’sabout
freezing (32°F; OOC) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches mayappear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
’
If you are stopped by heavy snow,you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know forsure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow.Here are some
things to do to summon help andkeep yourself and your
passengers safe:
0 Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-24
Tie a red clothto your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you:
If you have no blankets or extrq clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourselfor
tuck under your clothing tokeep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, ,but be careful.
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle.
This can cause deadlyCO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcomeyou and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it,
so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear awaysnow from
around the baseof your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaustpipe. And check
around again from time to timebetosure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just alittle on the side
of the
vehicle that’s away from thewind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possiblyfor signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for awhile.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way topreserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
4-25
Loading Your Vehicle
7
The Certificationmire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rearaxles, called the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To findout the actual
loads on your front and rear axles, you need to go to a
weigh station and weigh your vehicle.Your dealer can
help you with this. Be sure to spread out your load
equally on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
_ I
r7
,
1
u
-
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
U
1
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread
it out.
I
The CertificatiodTire label is found on the rearedge
of the driver's door. The label shows the size of your
original tires and the inflation pressures needed to obtain
the gross weight capacity of your vehicle.
This is called the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating). The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle,
all occupants, fuel, cargo and tongue weight, if pulling
a trailer.
4-26
I
A CAUTION:
I---
Do not load your vehicle anyLdvier than
the GVWR, or either the maximum front or
rear GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle
can break,or it can change theway your
vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose
control. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask
your dealer to help you load your vehicle the right way.
I NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because
of overloading,
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
Things you put inside yourvehicle
and injurepeople in a sudden stop
or turn, or in
a crash.
0 Put things in the cargo area
of your vehicle,
Try to spread theweight evenly.
0 Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside thevehicle so that someof them are
above the topsof the seats.
0 Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle,
0 When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it wheneveryou can.
0 Don’t leave a seat folded down unless
you
need to.
4-27
Payload
The Payload Capacity is shownon the Certificationflire
label. This is the maximum load capacity that your
vehicle can carry. Be sureto include the weight of the
people inside as part of yourload. If you added any
accessories or equipment after your vehicle left the
factory, remember to subtract the weight of these things
from the payload. Your dealer can help you with this.
Trailering Package
If your vehicle comes with the Trailering Package, there
is also a load rating which includes the weight of the
vehicle and the trailer it tows. This rating is called the
Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR).
When you weigh your trailer, be sureto include the weight
of everything you put in it. And, remember to figure the
weight of the people inside as partof your load.
Your dealer can help you determine your GCWR.
Add-on Equipment
When you carry removable items, you may need to put a
limit on how many people you carry inside your vehicle.
Be sure to weigh your vehicle before you buy and install
the new equipment.
A 34
Towing a Trailer
r
NOTICE:
A CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example,if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not workwell or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
Pull a traileronly if you have followed allthe
steps in this section.
Ask your GM dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
--
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result incostly repairs not coveredby
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and
see your GM dealer
for important information about towing a traile
with your vehicle.
Every vehicle is readyfor some trailer towing. If yours
was built with trailering options, as many are, it’s ready
for heavier trailers. But trailering is different than
just
driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering meanschanges
in handling, durability and fuel economy. Successful,
safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
4-29
If You Do DecideTo Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal,not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
0
Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less. You should always
use a sway control if your trailer will weigh more
than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
0
0
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear inat the
heavier loads.
You should use DRIVE (D) (or, as you need to,
a lower gear) when towing a trailer. Operating your
vehicle in DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer will
minimize heat buildup andextend the life of
your transmission.
4-30
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
the weight of the trailer,
the weight of the trailer tongue
and the weighton your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is usedto pull a
trailer are all important. And, itcan also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
The following chart shows how much your trailer can
weigh, based upon your vehicle model and options.
Vehicle
Axle Ratio Max. Trailer Wt.
Two-Wheel Drive
3.23
3.42
3.73
4,500 lbs. (1 8 16 kg)
5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg)
5,500 lbs. (2 497 kg)
All-Wheel Drive
3.42
3.73
4,500 lbs. (1 8 16 kg)
5,000 lbs. (2270 kg)
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming the
driver and one passenger are in the towvehicle and it
has all the required trailering equipment. The weight of
additional optional equipment, passengers and cargo in
the tow vehicle must be subtracted from the maximum
trailer weight.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at theaddress listed in your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L l H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The GrossVehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. Andif you will tow a trailer, you
must add the tongue load to the GVW because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
A
B
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you’re using a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately,to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may beable to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
4-31
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the limit for
cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the Certification
label at the rearedge of the driver’s door or see “Tire
Loading” in the Index. Then besure you don’t go over
the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight of
the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are
a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to use
a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway control of the proper size.This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
4-32
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later whenyou remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from yourexhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safetychains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chainsto drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes -- and they must be
adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly.
Your trailer brake system can tap into your vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system, except:
a Don’t tap into your vehicle’s brake system if
the trailer’s brake system will use more than
0.02 cubic inch (0.3 cc) of fluid from your vehicle’s
master cylinder. If it does, both braking systems
won’t work well. You could even lose your brakes.
a Will the trailer parts take 3,000 psi (20 650 kPa) of
pressure? If not, the trailer brake system must not be
used with your vehicle.
a I f everything checks out this far, then make the brake
fluid tap at the port on the master cylinder that sends ’
fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t use copper tubing
for this. If you do, it will bend and finally break off.
Use steel brake tubing.
Driving with a Trailer
A CAUTION:
If you have a rear-mostwindow open andyou
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide
(CO) could come into yourvehicle. You can’t see
or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousnessor
death. (See “Engine Exhaust” in theIndex.) To
maximize your safety when towing
a trailer:
Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
Keep the rear-most windows closed.
If exhaust does come into yourvehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main
heating or cooling system on and with the
fan on anyspeed. This will bring fresh,
outside air into yourvehicle. Do not use
MAX A/C because itonly recirculates the
air inside your vehicle. (See “Comfort
Controls” in the Index.)
4-33
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount ofexperience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with thefeel of
handling and braking with theadded weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicleyou are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle isby itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brakecontroller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at thesame time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that thelamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-34
lowing Distance
>ray at least twiceas far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’rea good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with
one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailerto the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowlyand, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharpturns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in
contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle couldbe damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning witha trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, treesor other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Tbrn Signals When Towinga Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra
wiring and a heavy-duty turn signal flasher (included in
the optional trailering package).
The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shiftto a lower gear before you start
down a long or steepdowngrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot andno longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transmission overheating.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades,
consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at
a
lower temperature than at normal altitudes.
If you turn
your engine off immediately after towing at high altitud
on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating.To avoid this, let the
engine run while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a few
minutes before turning the engine off. If you do get the
overheat warning, see “Engine Overheating” inthe Index.
4-35
Parking on Hills
Youereally should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailercan be damaged.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on aHill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet. Turn your wheels into the curb
when facing downhill and away from thecurb when
facing uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3, When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until thechocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and shift toPARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
Shift into a gear; and
0
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system
and brake adjustment. Eachof these is covered in this
manual, and the Index will help you find them quickly.
If you’re trailering, it’sa good idea to review these
sections before you start yourtrip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts andbolts
are tight.
4-36
Trailer Wiring Harness
If you have the optional trailering package, your vehicle
will have an eight-wire harness, including the center
high-mounted stoplamp battery feed wire. The harness
is stored on the passenger side of the vehicle near the
rear wheel well. This harness has a 30 amp battery feed
wire and no connector, and should be wired by a
qualified electrical technician. After choosing an
aftermarket trailer mating connector pair, have the
technician attach one connector to the eight-wire trailer
harness and the other connector to the wiring harness on
the trailer, Be sure the wiring harness on the trailer is
taped or strapped to the trailer’s frame rail and leave it
loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or break, but
not so loose that it drags on the ground. The eight-wire
harness must be routed out of your vehicle between the
rear door andthe floor, with enough of the harness left
on both sides so that the trailer or the body won’t pull it.
If you do not have the optional trailering package, your
vehicle will still have a trailering harness. The harness is
located near the passenger’s side rear wheel well. It
consists of six wires that may be usedby after-market
trailer hitch installers. The technician can use the
following color code chart when connecting the wiring
harness to your trailer.
0
BROWN: Rear lamps.
YELLOW Left stoplamp and turn signal.
0
DARK GREEN: Right stoplamp and turn signal.
WHITE (Heavy Gage): Ground.
LIGHT GREEN: Back-up lamps.
0
WHITE (Light Gage): Center High-Mounted
Stoplamp.
0
BLUE: Auxiliary circuit (eight-wire harness only).
ORANGE: Fused auxiliary (eight-wire harness only).
0
xore the harness in its original place. Wrap theharness
together and tie it neatly so it won’t be damaged.
4-37
NOTES
4-38
Section 5 Problems on the Road
I
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that
can occur on the road.
They also let police know you havea problem. Your
front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on andoff.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others.
Press the button down to make your front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Your hazard warning
flashers work no matter what position your key is in,
and even if the key isn’t in.
5-1
The hazard warning flasher button is located on top of
the steering column.
To turn off the flashers, press the button down again.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work. They also won’t flash while
you’re braking.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up
at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
/i\ CAUTION:
Batteries can hurtyou. They can be
dangerous because:
They contain acid that can burn
you.
They contain gas that can explode
or ignite.
They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some
or all
of these things can hurt
you.,
,
.
Jump Starting
If your battery has’run down,you may wantto
use another vehicle and some jumper cables to start
yourvehicle. But please follow the numbered steps to
do it safely.
I NOTICE:
I
Ignoring these steps could result in’costly damage
to yourvehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
Trying to start yourvehicle by pushing or pulling,
it won’t work, and it could damage your
vehicle.
,
5-2
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
You could be injured if the vehicles roll. Set the
parking brake firmly on each vehicle. Put an
automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a manual
transmission in NEUTRAL (N). If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case
shift lever, be sure the transfer case is not in
NEUTRAL (N).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or accessory power outlets. Turn off all lamps
that aren’t needed as well as radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries.In addition, it
could save your radio!
I NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery.
5-3
I A CAUTION:
Using a match neara battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded.
Use a flashlight if
you need morelight.
Be sure the battery has enough
water. You’don’t
need to add water to the
Delco Freedom’ battery
installed in everynew GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, besure the right amount
of fluid is there.If it islow, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you.
Don’t get it onyou. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes o r on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-4
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go
to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to
negative (-) or a metal engine part. Don’t connect
positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll get a short that
would damage the batteryand maybe other
parts too.
Fans or other moving engine pa, can injure you
badly. Keep your handsaway from moving parts
once the enginesare running.
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal
of the vehicle with the
dead battery.
7. Don’t let the other
end touch metal.
Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal of
the good battery.
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end
touch anything until the
next step. The other end
of the negative (-) cable
doesn’t go to the dead
battery. It goes to a
heavy unpainted metal
part of the vehicle with
the dead battery.
9. Attach the cable at least
18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts
that move.
I
The electrical
connection is just as
good there, but the
chance of sparks getting
back to the battery is
much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good batteryand run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it
won’t start aftera few tries, it probably needs service.
12. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Takecare that they don’ttouch
each other or any other metal.
0
1I
+
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a GM dealer or a professional towing
service tow your vehicle. Theycan provide the right
equipment and know howto tow it without damage. See
“Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
If your vehicle has been changedor modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these
things can be damaged during towing.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
I - B
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
5-6
Whether your vehicle has rear-wheel drive or the
all-wheel-drive option.
0
That your vehicle cannot be towed from the front or
rear with sling-type equipment.
The make, model and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
A CAUTION:
/1\ CAUTION:
=
To help avoid injury toyou or others:
0 Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
0 Never tow faster than safe or posted
speeds.
0 Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
0 Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
0 Always use separate safety chains on each
side when towinga vehicle.
0 Use T-hooks on front or rearof vehicle.
A vehicle can fall froma car carrierif it isn’t
adequately secured. This can cause
a collision,
serious personal injury andvehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains
or
steel cables before it is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.) that can be cutby sharp
edges underneath the towedvehicle.
5-7
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition
key in the OFF position. The steering wheel should
be clamped in a straight-ahead position, with a
clamping device designed for towing service. Do not
use the vehicle’s steering column lock for this. The
transmission should be inNEUTRAL (N) and the
parking brake released.
If your vehicle has the all-wheel-drive option, it can
only be towed with allfour wheels off the ground. A
dolly must be used under the un-raised wheels when
towing or the vehicle mustbe transported on a flat
bed carrier.
Don’t have your vehicle towedwith the wheels in
contact with the groundif it has all-wheel drive. If a
vehicle with all-wheel drive must be towed with
sling-type or wheel-lift equipment, then either the front
or rear wheels must be supported ona dolly.
5-8
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has all-wheel drive, do not have
it towed with the wheels in contact with the
ground or vehicle damage may occur.A dolly
must be used under the un-raised wheels when
on a
towing or the vehicle must be transported
flat bed carrier.
Towing From the Front
(Except All-Wheel Drive)
Tow Limits -- 35 m p 1 1 (56 krnh), 50 rniles (80 k m )
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor the
front bumper systemwill be damaged. Use
wheel-lift or car-carrier equipment. Additional
ramping may be required for car-carrier
equipment. Use safety chains and wheel straps.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, installa
towing dollyand raise thevehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attach winch cables or J-hooks to
suspension components when using car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooksinserted in
the T-hook slots.
Towing From the Front (All-Wheel Drive)
A towing dolly must be used under the rear wheels when
towing front the front.
5-10
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor the
front bumper systemwill be damaged. Use
wheel-lift or car-carrier equipment. Additional
ramping may be required for car-carrier
equipment. Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage avehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, install a
towing dolly and raise the vehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attach winch cablesor J-hooks to
suspension components when using car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooks inserted in
the T-hook slots.
Towing From the Rear
(Except All-Wheel Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-typeequipment or the rear
bumper system will be damaged. Use wheel-lift
or car-carrierequipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use
safety chains and wheel straps.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, install a
towing dolly and raise the
vehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Towing From the Rear (All-Wheel Drive)
A towing dolly must be used under the front kheels
when towing from the reaK
5-12
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor the rear
bumper system will be damaged. Use wheel-lift
or car-carrier equipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use
safety chains andwheel straps.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage avehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, install a
towing dolly and raise thevehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Engine Overheating
You will find a temperature gage on your vehicle’s
instrument panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you
badly, even if you just open thehood. Stay away
from the engineif you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign
of steam orcoolant before
opening the hood.
If you keep drivingwhen your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine
if
it overheats, and get outof the vehicle until the
engine iscool.
I NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because
you keep
driving with no coolant, your
vehicle can be
badly damaged. Thecostly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-13
If No Steam Is Coming FromYour Engine
If you get the overheat warning butsee or hear no
steam, the problem may not betoo serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
0
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer. See “Driving on Grades” in
the Index.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and openthe window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- DRIVE (D).
5-14
If you no longer have the overheat warning,you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over,stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, push the accelerator until
the engine speed is about twiceas fast as normal idle
speed. Bring the engine speed back to normal idle speed
after two or three minutes. Now see if the warning stops.
But then, if you still have the warning, turn o f t h e
engine and get everyone out of the vehicle until it
cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
The coolant level should be at the ADD mark. If it
isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
B. Radiator Pressure Cap
C. Engine Fan
5-15
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
Heater and radiatorhoses, and other engine
parts, can bevery hot. Don’t touch them.If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run theengine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose
all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire,and you could be burned.
Get any leakfixed before you drive thevehicle.
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again. See
if the fan speed increases when idle speedis doubled by
pushing the accelerator pedal down.If it doesn’t, your
vehicle needs service. Turn off the engine.
5-16
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at theADD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) andDEX-COOL TM
(orange-colored, silicate-free) antifreeze at the coolant
recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant’’in the Index for
more information.)
Adding only plain water to yourcooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water,or some other
liquid like alcohol, canboil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolantmix. With
plain water or the wrongmix, your engine could
get too hotbut you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire and
you or
others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL antifreeze.
TM
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mix.
I
A CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant ona hot engine.
When the coolant inthe coolant recovery tank is at the
ADD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant mix
directly to the radiator, but besure the cooling system is
cool before you do it.
Steam and scalding liquids from
a hot cooling
system can blow out and burnyou badly. They
are underpressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap even a little they can come out
at high speed. Neverturn the capwhen the
cooling system, includingthe radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for thecooling systemand
radiator pressure cap to
cool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
--
--
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove the
radiator pressure cap
when the cooling
system, including the
radiator pressure cap and
upper radiator hose, is
no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don't press
down while turning the
I
I
2. Then keep turning
,thepressure cap, but
now push down as you
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-19
I
3. Fill the radiator with the proper mix,
upto the base
-
of the filler neck.
I
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the ADD mark.
5. Put the cap backon the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressurecap off.
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine fan.
7. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the propermix through the filler neck until
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
the level reaches the base of thefiller neck.
5-21
Engine Fan Noise
If a Tire Goes Flat
This vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan. When
the clutch is engaged, the fan spins faster to provide
more air to cool the engine. In most every daydriving
conditions, the clutch is not fullyengaged. This
improves fuel economy and reduces fan noise. Under
heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing and/or high outside
temperatures, the fan speed increases when the clutch
engages. So you may hear an increase in fan noise. This
is normal and should not be mistaken as the
transmission slipping or making extra shifts. It is merely
the cooling system functioning properly. The fan will
slow down when additionalcooling is not required and
the clutch disengages.
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’redriving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s muchmore likely to leak out slowly.
But if you shouldever have a 4‘blowout,” here
are a few
tips about whatto expect and what todo:
You may also hear this fan noise when you start the
engine. It will go away as the fan clutch disengages.
If a front tirefails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your
foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently braketo
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout,remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the wayyou want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, butyou can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-22
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
'!!!h
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The
vehicle
can slipoff the jack androll overyou or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire.
To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK
(P).
3. ' h r n off the engine.
4. Put the wheel blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the
one being changed.That would be the
tire on the other side
of the vehicle, at
the opposite end.
I
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-23
-
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The jacking equipment you’ll need is stored by your
vehicle’s rear doors, along the passengerside wall.
‘
Remove your jack cover by pulling it away from the
side wall and downto release the tabs securing the top
ofthecover.
5-24
Remove the wheel, blocks by turning the top nut
counterclockwise. Remove the nut and washer, then pull
the wheel blocks off the bolt. Push down on the bolt and
remove the hookedend from the slot. Slide the jack
toward the front of the vehicle andlift it from the
mounting. Remove the extension and the ratchet
from
the pouch.
NOTICE:
~~~~~
Never removeor restow a tire frondto a stowage
position under the vehicle while the vehicle
is
supported by a jack. Always tighten the tire
fully against the underside of the vehicle
when restowing.
The ratchet has anUP side.
Your spare tire is stored underneath the rearof your
vehicle. You will use the ratchet and extension to lower
the spare tire.
5-25
Attach the ratchet, with the DOWN side facing you, to
the extension. The extension has a socket end and a flat
chisel end.
Put the flat end of the extension on an angle through the
hole in the rear door frame, above the bumper. Be sure
the flat end connects into the hoist shaft.
5-26
Turn the ratchet counterclockwise to lower the spare tire
to the ground. Keep turning the ratchet until the spare
tire can be pulled out from under the vehicle.
When the tire has been
lowered, tilt the retainer
at the endof the cable
and .pull it through the
wheel opening.
Pull the tire out from under the vehicle.
I NOTICE:
I
The tools you’ll be using include the jack
(A), wheel
blocks (B), extension (C) and ratchet (D).
To help avoid vehicle damage,
do not drive the
vehicle before cableis restored.
5-27
Removing
- the Wheel Covers
You willhave to take off hub caps or wheelnut caps to
reach your wheelnuts.
If you have a standard steel wheel, carefully pry along
the edge of the hub cap until it comes off. Be-carefu1,the
rim edges may be sharp.
try to
the hub
cap with your bare hands.
If you have the styled steel wheel, loosen the plasticnut
caps with the ratchet and socket. Make sure the DOWN
side faces you.
To remove the hub cap from the aluminum wheel, fit the
flat end of the extension into the notch. Then, remove
the center cap.
5-28
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
-.
1. Before you start, block the front and rear of the tire
farthest away from the one being changed. Then put
your spare tire near the flat tire.
F
2. With the DOWN side facing you, use the ratchet and
socket to loosen all the wheel nuts. Don't remove
them yet.
3. The jack has a bolt on the end. Attach the socket end
of the extension to the jack bolt.
5-29
4. Attach the ratchet to the extension with the UP side
facing you.
5. Rotate the ratchet to the right. That will raise the jack
lift head a little.
5-30
6 . Position the jack under the vehicle.
Getting under avehicle when it is jacked upis
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured
or killed. Never getunder
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
1
~
NOTICE:
Raising yourvehicle with the jack improperly
positioned will damage thevehicle or may allow
the vehicle to falloff the jack.Be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
7. Raise the vehicle by rotating the ratchet clockwise.
Make sure the UP mark faces you. Raise the vehicle
far enough off the ground so there is enough room
for the spare tire to fit.
8. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
Do not jack up the vehicle with people in or near
the vehicle.
5-31
9. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
I
I
Rust or dirt on the
wheel, or on t L parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel
the nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When
you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where thewheel attaches to the vehicle..In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure use
to a scraper orwire
brush later, if ybu need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
5-32
A
CAUTION:
-
Never use oilor grease on studs or
nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come
loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
10. Put on the spare tire. Putthe nuts on by hand.
Make sure the cone-shaped end is toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is
held against the hub. If a nut can’t be turned by
hand, use theextension and see your dealer as
soon as possible.
12. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a criss-cross
sequence as shown.
Turn the ratchet
clockwise with the
UP mark facing you.
A
11 CAUTION:
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the ratchet
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause thewheel to become loose
and even comeoff. This could lead toan accident.
Be sure touse the correctwheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to new
get GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhereas soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened witha torque wrench to
100 Ib-ft (140 Nom).
I
5-33
NOTICE:
Improperly tightenedwheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid
expensive brake repairs,evenly tighten thewheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
13. Remove the wheel blocks.
I NOTICE:
Wheel covers won't fit on your compact spare.
If
you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-34
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop collision,
or
loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
1. Put the flat tire on the ground at the rear of the
vehicle, with the valve stem pointed down.
I
4
2. Tilt retaining bar downward and through the wheel
opening. Make sure it is fully seated across the
underside of the wheel. Attach the ratchet, with the
UP side facing you, to the extension.
3. Put the flat end of the extension on an angle through
the hole in the rear door frame, above the bumper.
Turn the ratchet clockwise until the tire is against the
underside of the vehicle.
You will feel two “clicks” when the tire is up allthe
way. Try to move the tire with your hands to make
sure it is securely in place.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as
you can. See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index. See
the storage instructions label to restore your compact
spare properly.
Return the jacking equipment to its proper location.
3
I. JackingToolStorage
Bag
2. Jack
3. Bracket
4. Jacking Instruction
Tag
5. BoltKcrew
6. WheelBlocks
7, Washer
8. Nut
5-35
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it canlose air after a time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi
(420 Wa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possibleand make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well atposted speed limits for
distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
fini.sh yourtrip and have yourfull-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your
spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you
need it again.
NOTICE:
I
When the compact spareis installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car
wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can
get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and
wheel,
and maybe other parts
of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chainswon’t fit your compact spare.
Using
them can damage yourvehicle and can damage
the chainstoo. Don’t use tire chains on’your
compact spare.
5-36
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
NOTICE:
What you don’t want to dowhen your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts
of your
vehicle as well as the tires.If you spin thewheels
too fastwhile shifting your transmission back
and forth,you can destroy your transmission.
A CAUTION:’
I
~
~
I
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transmissionor other partsof the
vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When
you’re
stuck, spin thewheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking your vehicle to get it out:
First, turn your steering wheel left andright. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear.If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle’’’ in the Index.
5-37
NOTES
5-38
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about theof care
your vehicle.
This section begins with service and fuel information, and
then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant
levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
Service
Your GM dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you
to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle allGM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
n
Delco
6-1
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper GM Service Manual. It tells you
much more about how to service your vehicle than this
manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has anair bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see “Servicing Your
Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and thedate of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
I
A
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your
vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do
service work ona
vehicle without knowing enough aboutit.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, and the proper replacement
parts andtools beforeyou attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners canbe easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners,parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Fuel
If your vehicle is certified’to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood tune-up label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If such fuels are not available in states
adopting California emissionsstandards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission controlsystem performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on
your instrument panel may turn on and/or your vehicle
may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return to your
authorized GM dealer for diagnosis to determine the
cause of failure. In the event it is determined that the
cause of the conditionis the type of fuels used, repairs
may not becovered by your warranty.
Use regular unleaded ‘gasolinerated at 87 octane or
higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications \.
ASTM D4814 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA) for better vehicle performance
and engine protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system protection compared-to
other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane
is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
.In Canada, some gasolines contain an octane-enhancing
If you’re using fuel rated at87 octane or hgher and you
additive called MMT. If you use such fuels, your
still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. But
emission control system performance may deteriorate
don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when you’re
and the malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
up a hill. That’snomal, and you don’t panel may turn on. If this happens, return to your
accelerating or driving
have to buya higher octane fuel to getofrid
pinging. It’s the authorized GM dealer forservice.
heavy, constant knock that means you havea problem.
I
6-3
To provide cleaner air, all gasolinesare now required to
Contain additives that will help prevent deposits from
forming in your engine and fuel system, allowing your
emission control system to function properly. Therefore,
you should nothave to add anything to the fuel. In
addition, gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers
and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be
available in your area to help clean the air. General
Motors recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designedfor fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal partsin your fuel system andalso damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered underyour warranty.
6-4
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasolineor any other fuel not
recommended in the previoustext on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club,or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at thefollowing address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number(VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation,
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L 1 H 8P7
I
A CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable.It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasolineor refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s side of
your vehicle.
6-5
---
I A CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourselfand then.
something ignitesit, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray ,out you
on if you open the
fuel filler cap too
quickly. This spray can happen
if your tankis nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap
slowly and
wait for any“hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the
way.
While refueling, hang the cap inside the fuel door.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks. Make sureyou fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed. This would
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. See
“Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for
you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not ofit
r have proper
venting, and your fuel tank and emissions system
might be damaged.
Checking Things Under the Hood
/1\
CAUTION:
Things that burn can
get on hot engine parts and
start afire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber.
You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop orspill
things that will burn onto a hotengine.
6-7
Hood Release
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release.
To open the hood, first pull the handle inside the vehicle
on the lower driver’s sideof the kick panel.
6-8
When you open the hood, this is what you will see:
-
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Windshield Washer Fluid Fill Location
Coolant Fill Location
Oil Dipstick Location
Transmission Dipstick/Fill Location
Air Cleaner
F.
G.
H.
I.
Oil FillLocation
Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir
Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
Battery
6-9
Remove the hood prop
from the slot in the hood
and return theprop to
its retainer.
Then just pull the hood
down and close it firmly.
Lift the hood, release the hoodprop from its retainer and
put the hoodprop into the slot in the hood.
Before closing the hood, besure all the filler caps are on
properly. Then lift the hood to relieve pressure on the
hood prop.
6-10
Engine Oil
CHECK
OIL
If the CHECK OILlight on
the instrument panel comes
on, it means you need to
check your engine oil level
right away. For more
information, see “Check Oil
Light” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick is a yellow ring.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actuallevel.
6-11
Checking Engine Oil
When to Add Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
If the oil is ator below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add some oil. But you must use the right kind. This
part explains what kind of oil to use. For crankcase
Don’t add too muchoil. If your engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
be damaged.
operating range, your engine could
Just fill it enough to putthe level somewhere in the
proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-12
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the Starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil
put into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT
THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
LOOK
FOR THIS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
+ 40-
t
+ 20 -
0-
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
SA€ SW-30
PREFERRED
W
I
COLD
WEATHER
DONOTUSESAE 2DW-50 OR ANYOTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-13
As shown in thechart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE 1OW-30 if it’s going
to be 0°F (- 18“C) or above. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity,or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, suchas SAE 20W-50.
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oilcan result in engine damage
not coveredby your warranty.
GM [email protected] meets all the requirementsfor
your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your GM dealer is ready
to advise if you think something should be added.
6-14
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important whenoutside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensiveidling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
e Most trips are through dustyareas.
e You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your vehicle.
e The vehicle is usedfor delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under theseconditions causes engine oil to
break down sooner.If any one of these is true foryour
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true,change the oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to
break down slower.
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Cover
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Washor properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Removing the Engine Cover
1. Move both front seats as far back as they will go.
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
2. Remove the instrument panel extension by removing
the two nuts that secure it in place.
6-15
I.
3. The nuts are located at the bottom of the extension
on the driver and passenger side corners.
6-16
4. Unscrew the screws located near the top on each side
of the extension. Grasp theextension from both sides
and gently remove it.
5. Disconnect the electrical connectors and set the
extension aside.
6. Grasp the top of the heater duct and pull downdgently
to remove.
6-17
d
I
I
7. Remove the two bolts at the engine cover. The bolts
are not supposed to come out of the cover, only from
the front of the dash.
When removing the cover, be carefulnot to damage
the instrument panel or the trim.
6-18
8. Grasp the bottom of the cover and slide it rearward.
Then, lift it up and out of the vehicle.
Installing the Engine Cover
Air Cleaner
1. Lift the engine cover into the vehicle and slide it all
the way forward. Make sure the rubber seal is over
the latches.
2. Install the two bolts at the engine cover.
3. Put the heater duct over the engine cover studs. Push
up on the duct gently until it snaps into place.
4. Reconnect the electrical connectors.
5. Install the engine cover extension by gently squeezing
the sides and slidingit into place. Make sure all of the
fastener clips engage, and the extension fits properly
in place. Replace and tightenthe two screws.
5. Install the two nuts to secure the extension in place.
"""""".
To remove the air filter, lift the hood, unsnap both clips
and remove the top. After changing the filter, snap both
clips to secure the air cleaner. Be sure the air cleaner lid
is correctly positioned to seal out dust and contaminants
that are harmful to yourengine.
Make sure the fresh air hose is still attached after the
filter change.
6-19
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter and the crankcase ventilation filter.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
See “Scheduled N
When to Check and Change
ntenance Services” in the Index.
A good time to check yourautomatic transmission fluid
level is when theengine oil is changed,
Operating th, mgine with the air cleaneroff
can causeyou or others to be burned. The air
cleaner notonly cleans the air, it stops flame
if
the engine backfires.If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires,you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with theair cleaner off.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaneris off, a backfire can causea
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get
into yourengine, which will damage it. Always
have the air cleaner
in place when you’re driving.
6-20
Change both the fluid and filter every 15,000 miles
(25 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven underone
or more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) orhigher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” inthe Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at your GM dealer
Service Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false readingon the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting
a fire. Be
sure to get an accurate reading if you check your
transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have beendriving:
0
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
0
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, thefluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to ,200"F
(82°C to 93°C).
Checking Transmission FluidHot
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C),drive the
vehicle in DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage
moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes. Then
follow the hot check procedures.
6-21
Checking Transmission Fluid Cold
Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these steps:
A cold check is made after the vehicle has been sitting
for eight hours or more with the engine off and is used
only as a reference. Let theengine run at idle for five
minutes if outside temperatures are 50°F (10°C) or
more. If it's colder than 50°F ( 10°C), you may have
to idle the engine longer. Should the fluid level be low
during a cold check,you must perform a hot check
before adding fluid. This will give you a more accurate
reading of the fluid level.
Checking the FluidHot or Cold
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausingfor about
three seconds in each range.Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
0
Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.
6-22
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and
wipe it with a clean ragor paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
fluid to bring the level upto the HOT area for a hot
check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than a
pint (0.5 L). Don ’r ove$iZl. We recommend you use only
fluid labeled [email protected],because fluid with that
label is made especially for yourautomatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON-TI1 is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
a After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
3. Check both sides of thedipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the COLD area for a
cold check or in the HOT areaor cross-hatched area
for a hot check.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid
HOT. (A COLD check is used only as a reference.)
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip thehandle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
All-Wheel Drive
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure to perform
the lubricant checks describedin this section. However,
they have two additional systems that need lubrication.
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections’’ in the Index.
6-23
How to Check Lubricant
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when tochange it. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the
bottom of the filler plug
hole, you’ll need to add
some lubricant. Add enough
lubricant to raise the level
to the bottom ofthe filler
plug hole.
If the level is below the bottom ofthe filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the levelto the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
6-24
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricantto use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Rear Axle
What to Use
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and whento change it. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with new
DEX-COOL (orange-colored,silicate-free) engine
coolant. This coolant is designed to remain in your
vehicle for 5 years or 100,000miles (166 000 km),
whichever occurs first.
The following explains your cooling system and howto
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating’’ in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and the proper coolantfor
your vehicle will:
0 Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 265 “ F ( 1 29°C).
0
If the level is below the bottom of thefiller plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
6-25
GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer) (GM Part
No. 3634621) with any complete coolant change. If you
use this mixture, you don’t need to add anything else.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant it is important you
that use
DEX-COOL (orange-colored, silicate-free)
coolant meeting GM Specification 6277M.
If silicated coolant is added to the
system,
premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion may result.In addition, the engine
coolant will require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or24 months,
whichever occurs first.
TM
--
What toUse
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably
distilled)andone-half DEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze that meets GM Specification
6277M, which won’t damage aluminum parts. Use
6-26
A CAUTION:
I
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water,or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant
mix. With
plain water or the wrongmix, your engine could
get too hotbut you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire and
you or
others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
waterandDEX-COOL(orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze.
Checking Coolant
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolantmix, your engine
could overheat and be badly damaged. The repair
cost wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Too
much water in themix can freeze and crackthe
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
I NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant,you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
I
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
ADD, or a little higher. When your engine is warm, the
level should be up to FULL HOT, or a little higher.
6-27
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank, but be,careful not
to spill it.
Adding Coolant
If ,you need more coolant, add the proper mix at the
'A
1.
CAUTION:
Turnj J the radiator pressure capwhen the
engine.and radiator are hot can
allow steam and
scalding liquids to
blow out and burnyou badly.
With the'coolant recovery tank,
you will almost
never haveto add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure capeven a
little when,the engine and radiator are
hot.
6-28
--
--
You can be burnedif you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol, .
and it will burn if the engineparts are hot
enough. Don't spillcoolant ona hot engine.
I
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows
on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
When you replace your radiator pressure cap, a GM cap
is recommended. See “Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts” in theIndex.
6-29
Thermostat
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
It is not necessary to reg,ularlY check Power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and remired.
Power Steering Fluid
I
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again
and look at the fluid levelon the dipstick.
The level should be at theFULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluidto bring the level upto
the mark.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants’’ in the Index. Always use the properfluid.
Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
6-30
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap labeled
WASHER FLUID ONLY.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full.
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tankonly
three-quarters full whenit’s very cold. This
allows for expansion,which could damage
the tankif it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
6-31
Brakes
Brake Fluid
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that sooner
or later your brakes won’t work well,or won’t work
at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off’ your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correcta leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid,as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
Your.brake master cylinder reservoir is here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid levelin
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new liningsare put in, the fluid
level goes back up.The other reason is that fluid is
6-32
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill
on the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine
is hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when workis done on the brake
hydraulic system.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine whento
check your brake fluid.See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
Checking Brake Fluid
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 11 (GM Part
No. 1052535). Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only, and always clean the brake fluid
*
reservoir ca. lefore removing it.
@
x
A CAUTION:
With the wrong kindof fluid in your brake
or they
system, your brakes may not work well,
may not even workat all. This couldcause a
crash. Always use the proper brake
fluid.
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap.
Just look at the windowon the brake fluid reservoir.The
fluid level should be above MIN. If it isn’t, have your
brake system checked to see if there is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above MIN and below the top of
the window.
6-33
I A CAUTION:
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just
a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have tobe
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kindof fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on yourvehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish canbe
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash itoff
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
The brake wear warning sound means that
sooner or later your brakes
won’t work well.
That could lead to an accident. Whenyou hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drivewith worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly applied.
This does not mean something is wrong with your brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed.The sound may come and
go orbe heard all the time your vehicleis moving (except
when you are pushingon the brake pedal firmly).
Free movement of brake calipers and properly torqued
wheel nuts are necessary to help prevent brake
pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake calipers
for movement, brake pads for wear, and evenly torque
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM specifications.
Brake Wear
6-34
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but
if you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the
rear brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums
should be removed and inspected each time the tires are
removed for rotation or changing. When you have the
front brakes replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes
adjust for wear.
If your brake pedal goes down farther than normal, your
rear drum brakes may need adjustment. Adjust them by
backing up and firmly applying the brakes a few times.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicleis complex.
Its many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your vehicle does whenit is new. When
you replace parts of your braking system-- for example,
when your brake linings wear down andyou have to have
new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine GM
replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakesmay no
longer work properly. For example,if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle,the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change-- for the
worse. The braking performanceyou’ve come to expect
can change in many other ways if someone puts in the
wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Every new vehicle has a Delco [email protected] You
never have to add water to one of these. When it’s time
for a new battery, we recommend aDelco Freedom
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
6-35
Vehicle Storage
Bulb Replacement
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle
25 days
for or more,
take off the black, negative(-) cable from the battery. This
will help keep your battery from running down.
Before replacing any bulbs, makesure all lamps are off
and the vehicle is not running. See “Replacement Bulbs”
in the Index.
Halogen Bulbs
Batteries have acid that can burn
you and gas
that canexplode. You can be badly hurt
if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting’’ in the Index
for tips on working around
a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods..
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
6-36
Halogen bulbs have p’ surized gas
il de and
can burst if you drop or scratch the
bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructionson the bulbpackage.
Headlamps
3. Install the new bulb into the connector.
Sealed Beam Lamps
4. Reverse Steps 1 and 2 to reinstall the headlamp.
1. Remove the four retainer
screws and the retainer.
Composite Headlamps
1. Open the hood.
1
2. Remove the two screws
from the sidemarkedturn
signal lamp.
2. Pull the connector out
and unplug the lamp.
6-37
I
3. Completely remove the sidemarkedturn signal lamp
by pulling out the assembly and disconnecting the
sidemarkedturn signal lamp sockets from the lamp.
6-38
4. Remove the screw
located behind the
corner reflector in order
to remove theentire
corner reflector.
6. Remove the
composite assembly.
7. Turn the halogen bulb counterclockwise to remove
from the assembly.
5. Remove the remaining three screws; the first one
from the corner reflector pocket and the two
remaining from the composite assembly.
8. Install the new bulb into the composite assembly by
turning it clockwise until it is completely-tightened.
9. Replace the composite assembly by installing and
tightening all of the screws previouslyremoved.
6-39
Front Turn Signal -Lamps
Taillamps
1. Remove the two screwsat the inside edge of the
parking/turn signal lamp assembly.
1. Open the rear door.
2. Remove the two screws
from behind the door.
2. Remove the lamp
assembly.
3
3. Squeeze the tab on the
side of the lamp socket
while
turning
the
socket
counterclockwise.
.4. Pull the socket out of the lamp assembly.
5. Pull the bulb from the socket.
6. Gently push the new bulb into the socket.
7. Put-thesocket back into the lamp assembly and turn
it clockwise until it locks.
8. Put the parking/turn signal lamp assembly back into
the vehicle and tightenthe screws.
6-40
I
4. Press the tab and
turn the socket
counterclockwise
to remove the socket
from the bezel.
If the socket does not
have a tab, turn the
socket counterclockwise
to remove the socket
from the bezel.
5 . Reverse Steps 1 through 4 to reinstall the taillamp.
3. Pullout
1'
l a m p assembly so you can see the socket.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your GM dealer service department.
6-41
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
To replace your windshield
wiper blade ‘inserts, lift
the wiper arm away‘from
the windshield.
Pinch the two tabs on the wiper arm andslide the ins1ert
out of the blade. Slide the new one in place. Make sure
the tabs are locked into position. See “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Indexfor the
proper type of replacementblade.
Tires
‘
We don’t make tires. Your new vehicle comes with
high-quality tires made by a leadingtire manufacturer.
If you ever have questions about your tire warranty
and where to obtain service, see your wai-ranty booklet
for details.
6-42
A CAUTION:
I
Poorly maintained and improperlyused tires
are dangerous.
0 Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result
of too muchfriction.’
You could havean air-out and a serious
accident. See “LoadingYour Vehicle” in
the Index.
0 Underinflated tirespose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
0 Overinflated tires are more
likely to be
cut, punctured or broken
by a sudden
impact such as When you hit a pothole.
Keep tiresat the recommended pressure.
0 Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replacethem.
--
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Certificatioflire label, which is on the rear edge of
the driver’s door, shows the correct inflation pressures
for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven
no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tellyou that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not.If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation),
you can
get thefollowing:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Badwear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation).
you can get thefollowing:
Unusualwear
Badhandling
Roughride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps backon the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
6-43
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be inspected every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km)for any signs of unusual wear.
If unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as soon as
possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels. See “When It’s Timefor New
Tires” and “Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the
CertificatiodTire label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
’A
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
CAUTIO1
Rust or dirt on wheel,
a
or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can makewheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places wherewheel
the
attaches to thevehicle. In anemergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; butbe
sure touse a scraper orwire brush later,if you
need to, to get all the rust
or dirtoff. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the
Index.)
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check thetreadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
0
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
You can see cordor fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
0
The tread or sidewallis cracked, cut orsnagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
0
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage.that,
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
..
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Certificatiooire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things duringnormal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speedrating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted orradial) as your original tires.
I
ng tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not
handle properly, andyou could havea crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to yourvehicle. Be sure touse the same
size and type tires on all
wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold inthe United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading systemdoes
6-46
not apply todeep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect
to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the governmentcourse as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differencesJn
road characteristics and climate.
d
Traction -- A, B, C
The traction grades, from highestto lowest, are A, B,
and C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based
on braking (straightahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
Temperature
-- A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than theminimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination.
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire
wear or your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the
alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent,cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
GM dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
6-47
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have
the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your
-.
vehicle model.
NOTICE:
The wrongwheel can also cause problems
with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and
chassis.
~
’
- -
I
-
Using the wrong replacement
wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on yourvehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling
of your
vehicle, make your tireslose air and makeyou
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct whee1,’wheelbolts andwheel nuts
for replacement.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
.
.
A
/!\ CAUTION:
.
.
Putting a used wheel on yourvehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how many miles it’s been driven.It could fail
suddenly and cause an accident.
If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
6-48
I
rire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has P235/65R15size tires, don’t
use tire chains. They can damage your
vehicle.
If you have other size tires, use tire chains only
where legal and only when you must. Use only
SAE Class “S” type chains that are the proper
size
for your tires. Install them on the rear axle tires
and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the
ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow
the chain manufacturer’s instructions.
If you can
hear the chainscontacting your vehicle, stop and
retighten them. If the contactcontinues, slow down
until it stops. Driving too fast or spinning the
wheels with chains on will damage yourvehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others canburst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closedspace.
When you use anything from a containerto clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning theinside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
0 Naphtha
0 Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-49
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
ReducingAgents
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinylor leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your GM dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type
spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well. Do not use
them on vinyl or leather.
Here are some cleaning tips:
0
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
0
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
Using Foam-Type Cleaneron Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loosedirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following
the directions on the container label.
4. Use suds only and apply witha clean sponge.
5 . Don’t saturate the material.
6. Don’t rub it roughly.
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
7. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use
a sponge
to remove the suds.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
8. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
clean area often. A soft brush may be usedif stains
are stubborn.
9. Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper
towel or cloth.
10. Then dry it immediately witha blow dryer.
11. Wipe with a clean cloth.
6-50
-.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
Special Cleaning Problems
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with just
water and mild soap.
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
If you need to use a solvent:
0
0
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with a
clean, dd1 knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner, light
pressure and clean cloths (preferably cheesecloth).
Cleaning should start at the outsideof the stain,
“feathering”’ towardthe center. Keep changing
to a clean section of the cloth.
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately
dry the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a
cleaning ring.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Follow the solvent-type instructions
described earlier.
3. Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
if left on a vehicle’s seat fabric. They should be
removed as soon as possible. Be careful, because
the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them
to spread.
Fabric Protection
Your vehicle has upholstery and carpet that has been .
treated with Scotchgard“ Fabric Protector, a 3M
product. It protects fabrics by repelling oil and water,
which are the carriers of most stains. Even with this
protection, you still need to clean your upholstery and
carpet often to keep it looking new.
Further information on cleaning is available by calling
1-800-433-3296 (in Minnesota, 1-800-642-61 67).
6-5 1
Non-Greasy Stains
Cleaning Vinyl
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit
juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
be removed as follows:
Use warm water anda clean cloth.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a waterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
0 Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
0 If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
6-52
0
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them offquickly. Use a clean cloth and
a GM VinylLeather Cleaneror equivalent product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap.
0
For stubborn stains, use a GM Vinylkeather Cleaner
or equivalent product.
0
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
0
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt is
allowed to work into the finish, it canharm the leather.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel.. Sprays containingsilicones or
waxes may cause annoyingreflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
Do not bleach ordye safety belts.If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In
a crash, they
might not be ableto provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
~~~
~
Glass
Glass should be cleanedoften. GM Glass Cleaner(GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smokeand dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleanerson glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleanersare used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield, Backglass and
Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax
or othermaterial may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami [email protected](GM Part
No. 1050011). The windshield is clean if beads do not
form when you rinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously witha cloth soaked
in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the
blade with water..
Wiper blades should be checked on a regularbasis and
replaced when worn.
6-53
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stickor squeak. Apply silicone
grease with a clean cloth at least everysix months.
During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often with lukewarmor cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle inthe direct rays of thesun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dishor car washing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acidor abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
6-54
soft, clean chamois or a 100% cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure vehicle washes maycause water to enter
your vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “AppearanceCare and Materials”
in the Index.)
Your vehicle has a44basecoat/clearcoat”paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth andgloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes thatare
non-abrasive and made for a basecoatklearcoat
paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compoundingor aggressive polishingon
a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar,tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Bright metal parts should becleaned regularly to keep
their luster. Washing with wateris all that is usually
needed. However, you may use GM Chrome Polish on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if necessary.
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similarto the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t usestrong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage the surface.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic vehicle
wash that has siliconcarbide tire cleaning brushes.
These brushes can also damage the surface of
these wheels.
Use special care with aluminum trim.To avoid damaging
protective trim, never use autoor chrome polish, steam
or caustic soap to clean aluminum. A coating of wax,
rubbed to high polish, is recommended for all bright
metal parts.
6-55
Tires
Finish Damage
To clean your tires, usea stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratchesin the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal willcorrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
NOTICE:
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
When applying a tire dressing always take care to outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
surfaces on the body
or wheels of the vehicle.
Underbody Maintenance
Petroleum-based productsmay damage the
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
paint finish.
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
Sheet Metal Damage
pan and exhaust system even though they have
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
corrosion protection.
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
6-56
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water.Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
Fiberglass Springs
,
.
,NOTICE:
Don’t use corrosiveor acidic cleaningagents,
engine degreasers, aluminum cleaning agents
or
other harsh solvents to
clean fiberglass springs;
they’ll damage the springs.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospherkconditions can create
a chemicalfallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon
and attack painted surfaces on your vehicle.This
damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched
into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paintjob causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of new
vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
i
6-57
Appearance Care Materials Chart
PART NUMBER
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
Chamois
1050004
2.75 sq. ft.
1050172
oz. (0.473 L)
Tar and Road Oil Remover 16
oz. (0.473 L)
Chrome Cleaner and Polish 16
1050173
1050174
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Magic Mirror Cleaner Polish
I05020 1
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Vinyl and Leather Cleaner
1050214
32 oz. (0.946 L)
oz. (0.680 L)
Glass Cleaner 23
1050427
6 lbs. (2.72 kg)
Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
1050429
Spot Lifter
105 1398”
8 oz. (0.237 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
1051515
Optikleen
Wash and Wax Concentrate
1052870
16 oz. (0.473 L) I
I
I
1052918**
I 8 oz. (0.237 L) I
Armor All Protector
I
oz. (0.473 L)
1052929
Capture Dry Spot Remover
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
12345002**
Armor All Cleaner
12345725 Shines tires
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
* Not recommended for pigskin suede leather.
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
**Not recommended for use on instrument panel vinyl.
See “Fluids and Lubricants’’in the Index.
~
I
USAGE
Shines vehicle without scratching
Also removes old waxes and polishes
Removes rust and corrosion
Removes soil and black marks White Sidewall
Exterior cleaner and polish
Spot and stain removal
Cleans grease, grime and smoke film
Cleans vinyl, cloth, tires and mats
For cloth
Windshield washer solvent andantifreeze
Exterior wash
Protects
vinyl,
leather
rubber
and
Spray on wheel cleaner Wheel Cleaner 16
Attracts and absorbs soils
Cleans vinyl, leather and rubber
6-58
~~
TM
1
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside of the frontstorage
compartment door. It’s very helpfulif you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
your VIN,
t‘
ENGINE/l996
\ ASSEMBLY
CODE
MODEL YEAR
PLANT
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if yo11look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
the model designation,
paintinformation, and
0
a list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not rqmoved from the vehicle.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is theengine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
6-59
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-on Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the lamp switch. An electrical overload will cause the
lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off.
If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked
right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electricalto your vehicle unless
you check with your dealerfirst, Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from workingas they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” inthe Index.
6-60
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor isprotected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electricai problem and
not snow, etc.; besure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or
goes away.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Instrument PanelFuse Block
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links. This greatly reduces the
chance of fires caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t havea
spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuseblocks in your vehicle: one is inside
the vehicle and one is in the engine compartment.
The fuseblock is on the lower portion of the instrument
panel on the driver’s side.
You can remove fuses with a fuse extractor.
To remove fuses if you don’t have a fuse extractor, hold
the end of thefuse between your thumb and index finger
and pull straight out.
6-61
12
11
c57 c 7
4
10
c7 c7
18
17
E 7
24
23
c7
16
22
E 7
E 7
3
9
15
21
C 7
E 7
E 7
C 7
14
20
13
19
2
c 7 c87 c 7 c 3
i
1
c 7
7
c7 c7 c7
FuseKircuit Usage
Breaker
1
Stop/Turn/Hazard Lamps, CHMSL,
Chime Module
2
No Fuse-Resistor
3
Courtesy Lamps, Power Outside
Mirrors, Glove Box Lamp, Dome
Reading Lamps, Vanity Mirror Lamps
6-62
FuseKircuit Usage
Breaker
4
DRL Relay, DRL Module, Chime
Headlamp Switch, Keyless Entry,
i
Cluster, Overhead Console
Not Used
5
Cruise Module, Cruise
6
Activator Switch
7
Power Outlets, ALDL,
Subwoofer Amplifier
8
Not Used
License Plate Lamp, Taillamps,
9
Parking Lamps, Ashtray Lamp, Panel
Lights, Trailer Taillamps, Front and
Rear Sidemarker Lamps, Door Switch
Illumination, Headlamp Switch
Illumination, RSA Illumination
Air Bag System
10
Wiper Motor, WasherPump
11
L, M 1, M2 Blower Motor, Rear A/C
12
Relay Coil, Front Cont, Temp. Door
Motor, Hi Blower Relay, Defogger
Timer Coil, Upfitter Relay Coil
Cigarette Lighter, Door Lock Relay
13
Fuse/Circuit
Usage
Breaker
14
Cluster HVAC Controls,
Chime
Module, Radio Illumination, Rear Heat
Switch Illumination, Rear
WiperNasher Switch Illumination,
Rear Liftgate Switch Illumination,
Remote Cassette Illumination,
OH Console
DRL Lamps
15
16
Front Turn Signals, Rear Turn Signals,
Trailer Turn Signals, Back-up Lamps,
BTSI Solenoid
', 17
Radio: ATC (Standby), 2000 Series
(Main Feed), Rear Seat Audio Controls
VCM-Ign 3, VCM- Brake, 4WAL,
18
Cruise Stepper Motor
Radio: ATC (Main Feed),
19
2000 Series (Standby)
Fuse/Circuit
Usage
Breaker
20
PRNDLI Odometer, TCC Enable
and
PWM Solenoids, Shift A and Shift B
Solenoids, 3-2 Downshift Solenoids
21
Not Used
22
Not Used
23
Rear Wiper, Rear WasherPump
24
Not Used
A
(Circuit Breaker) Power Door Lock,
6-way Power Seat, Keyless Entry
Module, Dutch Door Module, Dutch
Door Release
B
(Circuit Breaker) Power Windows
6-63
Underhood Electrical Center
1
(-)
I-)
1-(
)-[
(T)
E3
IIVC)
)-(
I
The underhood electrical center is located toward the
rear of the engine compartment on the driver's side.
Lift the hood and open thecover to gain access to this
fuse block.
6-64
Feed
..
AUXB . . . . . .
AUX A . . . . . , . . . .
Relay
A/C Relay
IGN Relay
Starter Enable Relay
A/C Enable Relay
Empty Relay
Fuel Pump Relay
Usage
UpfitterBatteryFeed
UpfitterIgnitionFeed
Fuse
UPFIT-BATT
.......
Usage
Upfitter Battery
Power Stud,Trailer Wiring
Harness
Upfitter Ignition Relay
Not Used
..
UPFIT-IGN . .
..
Spare . . . . .
Fuse Puller*
Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not Used
Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not Used
ECM-B . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel Pump Relay,
VCM, Oil Pressure
Switch/Sender
. . Horn Relay
HORN . . . . . .
A/C Enable Relay
A/C COMP ...
Heater-A/C Control
RR DEFOG . . . . . . .
Selector Switch
. . Oxygen Sensors 1-4,
ENG-I . . . . . .
Camshaft Position Sensor,
Mass Air Flow Sensor,
Evaporative Emission
Canister Purge Solenoid
Valve, Linear EGR Valve
Solenoid, VCM
A/C Enable Relay
IGN-E
Fuse
ECM-I . . . . .
LIGHTING
BATT I/P
.....
.....
.......
IGN A . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IGN B . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RR HTR/AC . . . . . . . .
Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage
Fuel Injectors 1-6,
Crankshaft Position Sensor,
VCM, Distributor Ignition
Control Module
Park Lamps Fuse,
DRL Fuse, Headlamp and
Panel Dimmer Switch
Fuse Block Fuses,
Power Seat CB,
Stop/Hazard Fuse,
Auxiliary Power Fuse,
Cigarette LighterFuse,
Radio, Battery Fuse
Starter Relay, Ignition Switch
Ignition Switch
Brake Pressure Module Valve
Blower Motor Resistor,
Blower Relay
Auxiliary Heater A/C Relay
Not Used
* A fuse puller is included in the underhood electrical
center. You will also find spare fuses.
6-65
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamps
Quantity
Trade No.
Halogen Headlamps - Sealed Beam
2
H6054
Halogen Headlamps - Composite
2
9006 (Low Beam)
Halogen Headlamps - Composite
2
9005 (High Beam)
Parking, Turn Signal Lamps
2
3 157NA
Rear Stoplamps
2
2057
Sidemarker Lamps
4
194
Back-up Lamps
2
1156
6-66
Crankcase Capacity
Capacities and Specifications
Engine Specifications
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “VORTEC” 4300 V6 SFI‘k
RPO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L35
Firing Order ......................
1-6-5-4-3-2
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 at 4,400 rpm
Thermostat Specification . . . . . . . . . 195“F (91 C)
“Sequential Fuel Injection
O
Wheel Nut Torque
Base or Optional Wheel . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 Nem)
Tire Pressures . . . . . . . . .
*All quantities are approximate. After refill, the level
must be checked. Do not overfill.
Fuel Tank Capacity
Standard Tank* . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 gallons (102 L)
*All quantities are approximate,
Transmission Capacity
. . . . See “Loading
Automatic Transmission
(Drain and Refill)“ . . . . . . . . .
Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
*All quantities are approximate.
Cooling System Capacity
Quantity*
Without Rear Heater
13.5 quarts (12.8 L)
Quantity*
with Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.3 L)
Quantity*
with Rear Heater
16.5 quarts (15.5 L)
Rear Axle Capacity
Standard Rear Axle* . .
Locking Rear Axle” . . . . . . . . . .
..
5.0 quarts (4.7 L)
. . 3.5 pint
(1.7 L)
3.5 pint (1.7 L)
*All quantities are approximate.
*All quantities are approximate. After refill, the level must
be checked.
6-67
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask your GM dealer.
Refrigerant should be added only by a qualified
A/C technician.
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Capacity
VPe
R- 134a
System
Quantity*
C-60**
2.00 Ibs. (0.91 kg)
R- 134a
C-69***
3.00 lbs. (1.36 kg)
*All quantities are approximate.
**Front A/C only.
***Front and Rear A/C.
NOTICE:
R-134a refrigerantis not compatible withR-12
refrigerant in an air conditioning system.
R-12 in
an R-134a systemwill cause compressor failure,
refrigerant oil sludge, or poor air conditioning
system performance.
6-68
. . GF481
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Fuel Filter . . .
Replacement part numbers listed in this section are
based on the latest information available at the time of
printing, and are subject to change. If a part listed in this
manual is not the same as thepart used in your vehicle
when it was built, or if you have any questions, please
contact your GM truck dealer.
Wiper Blades (Front)
Radiator Cap . . . . . . .
.........................
PF52
Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 1163C
Oil Filter..
Automatic Transmission
Filter Kit . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 24200796
......................
CV774C
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41-932
PCVValve
Spark Plug Gap . . . . . . 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Wiper Blade (Rear)
. ..
.. ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . RC27
22110158, Pin Type
22154396, Pin Type
Vehicle Dimensions*
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189.8 inches (482 cm)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77.5 inches (1 96.8 cm)
Wheelbase
Width
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76.2 inches (193.5 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.2 inches (282.4 cm)
Height.
Front Tread Width
. . . . . . . . . 65.1 inches (165.4 cm)
Rear Tread Width . . . . . . . . 65.1 inches (165.4 cm)
*Figures reflect base equipment only.
6-69
NOTES
6-70
1
Introduction
IMPORTANT.
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGEAS
RECOMMENDED
This section covers the maintenance required for your
vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its
safety, dependability and emission control performance.
Protection
Plan
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good workingcondition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended mainteqance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of theair we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your lzew vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet,or yourGM
dealer for details.
7-1
How This Sectionis Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have thenecessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center dothese jobs.
1
A CAUTION:
work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In tryingto do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured.Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the requiredknow-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the
job.
If you have any doubt, have
a qualified
technician do the work.
you are skilled enough to do some work on your
vehicle, you will probably want to getthe service
information GM publishes. See “Service and Owner
Publications’’ in the Index.
7-2
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”tells you
what should be checked whenever you stop forfuel. It
also explains what you can easily do to help keep your
vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important inspections that your GM dealer’s
service department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
lists some products GM recommends to help keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether you do the work
yourself or have itdone.
“Part E: Maintenance Record”provides a place for
you to record the maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is performed, be
sure to write it down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition, it is a good idea to keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors wantto help you keep your vehicle
in good working condition. But we don’t know exactly
how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short distances
only a few times a week.Or you may drive long distances
all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your
vehicle in making deliveries.Or you may drive it to work,
to do errands or in many other ways.
because of all the different ways people use their GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
section and,note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your GM dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle
uses these. Allparts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
CertificationRire label. See “Loading Your Vehicle”
in the Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s howto decide which
schedule to follow:
7-3
Maintenance Schedule
Short TripKity Definition
Follow the Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule if any
one of these conditions is true for your vehicle:
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
0
Most trips are through dusty areas.
0
You frequently tow a traileror use a carrier on topof
your vehicle.
0
If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
One of the reasons y o ~ should
l
follow this schedule if
you operate your vehicle under anyof these conditions
is that these conditions cause engine oil to break
down soonex
7-4
Short Trip/City Intervals
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first). Chassis
Lubrication (or 3 months, whichever occurs first). Drive
Axle Service (or3 months, whichever occurs fust).
At 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) Then Every
12,000 Miles(20 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions. Front
Wheel Bearing Repack (2WD only) (or at each brake
relining, whichever occurs first). Automatic
Transmission Service (severe conditions only).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Filter Replacement. Automatic
Transmission Service (Normal Conditions).
Every60,000Miles (100 000 km): EngineAccessory
Drive Belt Inspection. Fuel
Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every60 months, whichever occurs first).
Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve Inspection.
These intervals only summarize nzaintenance services.
Be sure to followthe complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
--
Maintenance Schedule
Tripmighway
Long Definition
Follow this maintenance schedule only if none of the
conditions from the Short Trip/City Maintenance
Schedule is true.
Driving a vehicle with n f . l l y warmed engine under
highway conditions causes engine oil to
break
down sloweE
Long Trip/Highway
Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles(12 500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Char,ge (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Drive Axle Service.
At 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) Then Every
15,000 Miles(25 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles(25 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (severe conditions only).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Fuel Filter
Replacement. Air Cleaner Filter Replacement. Front
Wheel Bearing Repack (2WD only) (or at each brake
relining, whichever occurs first). Automatic
Transmission Service (Normal Conditions).
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine
Accessory Drive Belt Inspection. Fuel Tank,
Cap and Lines Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve Inspection.
These intervals onlyswnnzarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
--
7-5
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.
Footnotes
3- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability priorto the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life.We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
# Lubricate the frontsuspension, ball joints and
kingpin bushings, steering linkage and transfercase
shift linkage, parking brakecable guides and brake
pedal springs.
7-6
Drive alxle service:
a Locking Differential -- Drain fluid and refill at first
engine oil change. At subsequent oil changes, check
fluid level and add fluid as needed.If driving in
dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill
every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
a Standard Differential -- Check fluid level and add
fluid as needed at every oil change. If driving in
dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill
every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
a More frequent lubrication may be required for
heavy-duty use.
I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule I
3,000 Miles (5000 km)
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
0Change
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
engine oiland filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote ## (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfrontaxle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
3 months, whichever occurs first).
ISERVICED B YJI
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movemen
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
~~~
~~
SERVICED BY:
~ .~.
.
7-7
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
I
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
4
0Lubricate chassis components; ,see
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
7-8
SERVICED B Y
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote ## (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Change automatic transmission f l rlid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
[f you do not use your vehicle under m y of
these conditions, changethe fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
7-9
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whchever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
-
I
-
-
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
7-10
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote ## (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
-
SERVICED B Y
I
DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or evi
I
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I SERVICED B Y I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-11
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
7-12
0Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 O F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedurl
33,000 Miles (55000 km)
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
-
Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not useyour vehicle under anyof these
conditions, change the fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 knz).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ inthe Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-13
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule.
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
39,000 Miles,(45000 kim)~
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals,for leaking. **
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
3
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
DATE
.
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
I
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
45,000 Miles (75000 km)
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or’every
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
-
I.
’,_
,,4.
1
:.
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add, fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires, See ‘Tire Inspection and Rotation”
.
in theIndexforproperrotationpatternand
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for fieedom of movement.Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
’
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and,add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake reliningj whichever occurs first).
(Continued)
I
ACTUAL MILEAGESERVICED
.
.
BY:
.
.,
,
7-15
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
45,000 Miles (75 000 km) (Continued)
I
i
I
.
,#-.
Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90O F
(32°C) 'or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in .dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
'
lfyou do notuse your vehicle under anyof these
conditions, change the fluid
and filter every
30,000 miles (SO 000 km).
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
I
I
Short n$City Maintenance Schedule
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
.An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid leveland add
fluid asneeded. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals forleaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
1
.'
I
'
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-17
'
I Short ‘Trip/City Maintenance Schedule I
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
57,000 Miles. (95 000 km)
0Change engine oil,and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service:
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0‘Check rear/fi=ont axle fluid level
a d add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in,the Index for proper rotation pattern and
’ additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedomof movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
., fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals forleaking. **
I
Short TripJCityMaintenanceSchedule
I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change
engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level
and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the frontwheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
Change a1ltomatic transmission fl.uid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one ormore of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90"F
(32°C) orhigher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the
fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
(Continued)
7-19
I
I
Short ,Trip/City -Maintenance. Schedule
.
60,000 Miles (100‘ 000 km) (Continued)
63,000 Miles (105 000,km)
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
0Replace fuel filter.
0Change engine,oiland filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate ‘chassis components; see
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An.Emission Control Service.
0Inspect- fueltank, ,cap’and lines fordamage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for
any.damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
,
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
footnote # (or every 3’months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals .for leaking. * *
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE _ _
BY:
I
Short TripKity MaintenanceSchedule
I
66,000 Miles (110 000km)
69,000 Miles (115 000km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspectionand Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation patternand
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedomof movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-21
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
footnote ## (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90O F
(32 O C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
I
DATE
7-22
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y I
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
I
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
I f you d9 not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the
fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 knz).
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
-
c]Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service. -f0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
ISERVICED B Y I
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
BY:
:
7-23
I
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
’
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-24
BY
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
w
Short.TripKity Maintenance Schedule
1
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Sewice.
8,
0Lubricate chassis components; see
0Lubricate chassis componenis; see
footnote ## (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level
and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals forleaking. **
footnote ## (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid leveland add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaki,ng. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brakerelining, whichever occurs first).
(Continued)
6
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-25
6'
' i
I
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
90,000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued)
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90”F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous.terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
0Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
I
I
DATE
7-26
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
1
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid asneeded. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
3
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-27
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system
(or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
cooling system and pressure cap.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
Cl Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation
( P c v ) valve. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
7-28
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule
The services sbown in this schedule up to 100,000miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same, intervals.
** Drive axle service:
0
Locking Differential -- Drain fluid and refill at first
engine oil change. At subsequent oil changes, check
fluid level and add fluidas needed. If driving in
dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill
every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
Standard Differential -- Check fluid level and add
fluid as needed at every engine oil change. If driving
in dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and
refill every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
More frequent lubrication may be required for
heavy-duty use.
Footnotes
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board hasdetermined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability priorto the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that allrecommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
# Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and
kingpin bushings, steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage, parking brake cable guides and brake
pedal springs.
7-29
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid leveland add fluid
and
as needed. Check constant .velocity joints
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation patternand
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedomof movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
DroDer calker service txocedures.
7-30.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
1
footnote # (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level-and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- :In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32O C) or higher.
Long Trip/Higl
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under anyoj
these conditions, changethe fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote
##
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedomof movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
SERVICED B Y I
7-31
I
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
-
12 months, whichever occurs first).
-
An Emission Control Service.
-
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Chekk readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each ,brake relining, whichever occurs first)
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 O F
(32"C) or higher.
7-32
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the fluid andfilterevery
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
0Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or e,veriJ
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32°C) or higher.
(Continued)
7-33
LI lg TriplHighway Maintenance Schedule
52,500 Miles (87500 km)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km) (Continued)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
-
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
If you do not use your vehicle under anyOJ
these conditions, change the fluid andfilter
every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
1
BY:
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. Duringtire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manualfor
proper caliper service procedures.
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
'17
Change engineoil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote ## (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
17 For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 OF
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, changethe fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
(Continued)
7-35
60,000 Miles (100 000 km) (Continued)
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
0Replace fuel filter.
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
An Emission Control Service.?
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect fuel ‘tank,cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel capgasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.’
An Emission Control Seniice.
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 12-months, whichever occurs first).,
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information.During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
4
,
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote ## (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one ormore of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90"F
(32"C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing,
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
-
If you do not use yourvehicle under anyof
these conditions, change the
fluid andfilter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
t
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
BY:
7-37
I
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspectionand Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
0Lubricate chassis components; see
footnote # (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first)
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32°C) or higher.
I
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
BY:
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
-
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under uny oj
these conditions, changethe fluid and filter every
30,000 miles (50 000 km).
0Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “TireIncption and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
oroDer calioer service Drocedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-39
Long Trip/Highway M
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system
(or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation
(PCV) valve.
An Emission Control Service.
3-
0Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
7-40
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the engine coolant level and add the proper
coolant mix if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in the
Index for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the properfluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Month
It is importantfor you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each
filelfill.
Tire Inflation Check
Engine Oil Level Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
See “Tires” in the Index for further details.
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-41
At Least Twice a Year
At Least Once a Year
Restraint System Check
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Make sure the safety beltreminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors andanchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt systemfrom doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any tornor frayed safety belts replaced.
Lubricate the key lockcylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Also look for any openedor broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced, (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Automatic Transmission Check
Check the transmission fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transmission’’ in the Index. A fluid loss
may indicate a problem.Check the system and repair
if needed.
7-42
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all body door hinges, the body hood,fuel door
and rear compartment hinges, latches and locks
including interior glove box and console doors, and any
moving seat hardware. Lubricate the hood safety lever
pivot and prop rod pivot. Part D tells you what to use.
More frequent lubrication may be requiredwhen
exposed to a corrosiveenvironment.
Starter Switch Check
Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock (BTSI) Check
c
,ACAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If
the starter works in any other position, your vehicle
needs service.
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. Ifit does, you or others couldbe
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN position,
but don’t start the engine. Without applying the regular
brake, try to move the shift lever out of PARK(P)
with normal effort. If the shift lever moves outof
PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI needs service.
7-43
Steering Column Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try
to turn
the key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
0
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
0
To check the parking brake: With the engine running
and transmission in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove
foot pressure from the regular brake pedal.Do this
until the vehicle is heldby the parking brake only.
0
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release all brakes.
The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
PARK (P) Nlorhanism Check
A CAUTION:
rWhen you are doing this check, yourvehicle
could begin to move. You or otherscould be
injured and propertycould be damaged. Make
sure thereis room in frontof your vehicle in case
it begins toroll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake atonce should thevehicle begin to move.
7-44
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should
be performed at least twice a year (for instance, each
spring and fall). You should let your GM dealer’s
service department or otherqualified service center do
these jobs.Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a GM Service Manual. See “Serviceand Owner
Publications’’ in the Index.
Steering and Suspension Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, looseor missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system.Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connectionsor other conditionswhich could
cause aheat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumesinto the vehicle. See “EngineExhaust’’
in the Index.
Radiator and Heater Hose Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed.
Throttle Linkage Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding,
and for damage or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any cables that have high effort or
excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise
control cables.
7-45
Drive Axle Service
Brake System Inspection
Check readfront axle fluid level and add as needed.
Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings
for wear and cracks. Inspectother brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more oftenif your driving habits
or conditions result in frequent braking.
Transfer Case (All-Wheel Drive) Inspection
Every 12 months or at oil change intervals, check front
axle and transfer case and add lubricant when necessary.
Oil the control lever pivot point and all exposed control
linkage. Check vent hose at transfercase for kinks and
proper installation.
7-46
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
USAGE
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained fromyour
GM dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
~~~
Engine Oil
~~
Engine Coolant
50/50, mixtureof clean water
(preferably distilled) and GM
[email protected] or
[email protected]
(orange-colored, silicate-free)
antifreeze conformiag to GM
Specification 6277M. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index.
TM
TM
Coolant
Supplement
Sealer
GM Part No. 3634621 or
equivalent with a completeflush
and refill. -
Hydraulic Brake
System
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
~
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferredviscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil’’ in the Index.
FLUIDLUBRICANT
@
~~~~~~~
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis.1ubricant(GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pt.,
1050017 - 1 qt., or equivalent).
Automatic
Transmission
[email protected]
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Pu ose Lubricant,
Superlube
% (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
7-47
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Hood Latch
Assembly Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and Release
Pawl
Lubriplate lubricant aerosol (GM
Part No. 12346293 or equivalent)
or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Front Wheel
Bearings
Wheel bearing lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category GC or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 1051344 or equivalent).
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-pu ose lubricant,
Superlube% (GM Part
No. 1234624 1 or equivalent).
Differential,
Front and Rear
Axle
Axle Lubricant (GM Part
No. 105227 1)or SAE8OW-90
GL-5 Gear Lubricant.
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Gas Line
Gas Line De-Icer (GM Part
No. 10515 16).
Transfer Case
[email protected]
Transmission Fluid.
Chassis
Lubrication
Windshield
Washer Solvent
’
GM [email protected] Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
See “Replacement Parts” in the Index for recommended
replacement filters, valves and spark plugs.
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the boxes providedafter the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
aervices” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
READING
DATE
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-49
I
Maintenance Record
SERVICED BY
7
cn
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
I
I
Here you will find out how to contact Chevrolet if
you need assistance. This section also tells you how
to obtain service publications and how to report any
safety defects.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
This section includes information on:
0
The Customer Satisfaction Procedure
0
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
0
Roadside Assistance
0
Courtesy Transportation
0
BBB Auto Line -- Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
0
Reporting Safety Defects
0
Service and Owner Publications
8-1
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and Chevrolet. Normally, any concern you may
have with your vehicle can be handled by your selling or
servicing dealer. Your dealer has the facility, trained
technicians, special tools and up-to-date information to
promptly address any issue which may arise. Chevrolet
has empowered its dealers to make decisions and repair
vehicles, and they are eager to resolve your concernto
your complete satisfaction. If your concern hasnot been
resolved to your satisfaction, take the following steps:
For help outsideof the United States andCanada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
or
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-4135
(English) or 1-800-75 1-4136 (Spanish)
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
In theBahamas:1-800-389-0009
of dealer management. Normally, concerns can
be 'quickly resolved at that level.If the matter has
already been reviewed with the Sales, Service or Parts
Manager, contact theowner of the dealership or the
General Manager.
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0 122
STEP TWO -- If after contactinga member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without further
help, contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance
Center by calling 1-800-222- 1020. In Canada,
contact GM of Canada CustomerAssistance Center
in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
0
In all other Caribbean countries: 1-809-763- 1315
In other overseas locations, call GM North American
Export Sales in Canada at: 1-905-644-4 1 12.
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
0
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call us so we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Chevrolet, write to:
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for addresses of Canadian and
GM Overseas offices.
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved in the dealership,
using the dealer’s facilities, equipment and personnel.
That is why we suggest youfollow Step One first if
you have a concern.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
8-3
Chevrolet/Geo Roadside
Assistance Program
I
n
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA
(1-800-243-8872). This toll-free number will provide
you over-the-phone roadside assistance with minor
mechanical problems. If your problem cannot be
resolved over the phone, our advisors have access to a
nationwide network ofdealer recommended service
providers. Roadside membership is free, however some
services may incur costs.
Roadside offers two levels of service to the customer,
Basic Care and Courtesy” Care:
0
Toll-free number, 1-800-CHEV-USA
0
Free towing for warranty repairs
0
Basic over-the-phone technical advice
Available dealer services at reasonable costs (ie.,
wrecker services, locksmith/key service, glass
repair, etc.)
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer
satisfaction, Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet/Geo Roadside Assistance
Center. As theowner of a 1996 Chevrolet/Geo,
membership in Roadside Assistance is free.
8-4
ROADSIDE Courtesy ” Care PROVIDES:
0
Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined above)
Plus:
0
FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer
from a legal roadway)
0
FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost
on the road or locked inside)
For complete program details, see your Chevrolet/Geo
dealer to obtain a Roadside Assistance Center brochure.
0
FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
0
FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
0
FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on
the road)
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that
will provide you with quality and priority service. When
roadside services are required, our advisors will explain
any payment obligations that may be incurredfor
utilizing outside services.
Chevrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation for
customers needing warranty service. Courtesy
Transportation will be offered in conjunction with
the coverage provided by the Bumper to Bumper
New Vehicle Limited Warranty to eligible purchasers
of 1996 Chevrolet/Geo passenger car and light duty
trucks. (Please see your selling dealer for details.)
Note: Courtesy Care is available to Retail and Retail Lease
Customers operating 1996 and newer ChevroletlGeo
vehicles for a period of 36 months/36,000 miles,
whichever occurs first. All Courtesy Care services
must be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or dealer
Service Management.
Basic Care and Courtesy Care are not part of or
included in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the right to
modify or discontinue Basic C ~ r and
e Courtesy Care
at any time.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following available to give to the advisor:
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
License platenumber
0
Vehicle color
0
Vehiclelocation
0
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
0
Description of problem
Please refer to the Roadside Assistance brochure
inside your owner information portfolio for full
program details.
8-5
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have afi extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation for
customers needing warranty service. Courtesy
Transportation will be offered in conjunction with the
coverage provided by the Bumper to Bumper New
Vehicle Limited Warranty to retail purchasers of
1996 Chevrolet/Geo passenger cars and light duty
trucks (please see your selling dealer for details).
Courtesy Transportation includes:
One way shuttle ride for any warranty repair
completed during the same day.
0
Up to $30 maximum daily vehicle rental allowance for
any overnight warranty repair up to five days,
OR
Up to $30 maximum daily cab, bus or other
transportation allowance in lieuof rental for any
overnight warranty repair upto five days, OR
8-6
Up to $10 daily fuel allowance for rides provided by
another person (Le., friend, neighbor, etc.)
lieuinof rental
for any overnight warranty repair upto five days.
Note: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements will
be administered by your Chevrolet/Geo dealer
service management. Claim amounts should reflect
all actual costs.
Chevrolet/Geo Courtesy Transportation is not part
of the Bumper to Bumper New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Chevrolet/Geo reserves the right to make
any changes or discontinue Courtesy Transportation
without
time
any
notification.
at
I
For additional program details, contact your
Chevrolet/Geo dealer.
In Canada, please consult your GM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
Some state insurance regulations make it impracticalto
rent vehicles to people under 21 years of age.If you are
under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Chevrolet
will reimburse up to $30/day for documented
transportation you receive.
For warranty repairs during the Complete Vehicle
Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
interim transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program.Please consult your
dealer for details. The Roadside Assistance program is
available only in the United States and Canada.
There may be instances where an impartial third party
can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Chevroletvoluntarily participates in
BBB AUTO LINE.
GM Participation inBBB AUTO
LINE -- Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program*
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to
settle disputes between customers and automobile
manufacturers. This program is available free of charge
to customers who currently own or lease a GM vehicle.
*This program may not be available in all states,
depending on state law. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
General Motors reservesthe right to change eligibility
limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in
this program.
Both Chevrolet and your Chevrolet dealer are committed
to making sure you are completely satisfied with your new
vehicle. Our experience has shown that,if a situation
arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure
described earlier in this section is very successful.
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact the BBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
8-7
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
and a statement of the nature of your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicleage and mileage, and
other factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary
between you and Chevrolet. If this mediation is
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligible customers may present theircase to an
impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire dispute resolution
procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days from the
time you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program
before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Chevrolet Customer .
Assistance Center at 1-800-222- 1020.
8-8
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITEDSTATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle hasa defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSAcannot become involved
in individual problems between you,your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
Service and Owner Publications
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, OntarioK1 G 352
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-222- 1020 or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 7047
Troy, Michigan 48007-7047
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L 1H 8P7
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and
other service literature are available for purchase for all
current and many past model General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
United States . . . . . . . 1-800-551-4123
Canada . . . .
. . 1-800-668-5539
8-9
Service Manuals
Service ,manualscontain diagnosticand repair
information forall chassis and body systems. They
may be useful for owners who wish toget a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful for
owners with the appropriate skill level or training who
wish to perform “do-it-yourself’ service. These are
authentic General Motors service manuals meant for
professional, qualified technicians.
Service Bulletins
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly
sent to all General Motors dealerships. GM monitors
product performance in the field. When service methods
are found which promote better service on GM vehicles,
bulletins are created to help the technician perform
better service. Service bulletins may involve any
8-10
number of vehicles. Some will describe inexpensive
service; others will describe expensive service. Some
will advise of new or unexpected conditions, and others
may help avoid future costly repairs. Service bulletins
are meant for qualified technicians. In some cases
bulletins refer to service manuals, specialized tools,
equipment and safety procedures necessary to service
the vehicle. Since these bulletins are issued throughout
the model year andbeyond, an index is required and
published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins.
Subscriptions are available. You can order an index at
the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a GM
dealer to see anindex or individual bulletin.
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
assistance booklets provide owners with general
operation and maintenance information.
. .
I.
.
.
Section 9 Index
Accessory'power Outlet .........................
2-49
Add-on Equipment .............................
4-28
AirBag .......................................
1-24
1-30
Adding Equipment ............................
How Does it Restrain ..........................
1-28
How it Works ................................
1-26
Location ....................................
1-26
Readiness Light .........................
1.25.2.54
1-29
Servicing ...................................
1-27
What Makes it Inflate ..........................
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
1-27
When Should it Inflate .........................
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-19
Air Conditioning ................................
3-5
Air Conditioning Refrigerants .....................
6-68
Alignment and Balance. Tire ......................
6-47
2.21.6.23
All-Wheel Drive ..........................
6-55
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning .......................
Antenna. Fixed .................................
3-28
6-25
Antifreeze ......................................
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57. 4-6
4-6
Brakes ......................................
3-23
knti-Theft. Radio ..............................
6-49
Appearance Care ...............................
6-58
Appearance Care Materials .......................
8-7
Arbitration Program ..............................
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio Equipment. Adding . :......................
Audio Systems ..................................
Automatic
Transmission Check ...........................
Transmission Operation ........................
Axle
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LockingRear ................................
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
3-2t
3-8
7-42
2-18
6-24
2-21
6-25
Battery ......................................
6-35
Jump Starting .................................
5-2
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Warnings ......................................
5-2
BBBAuto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Brake
. . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Adjustment ......................
Fluid .....................................
;.6-32
6-32
Master Cylinder ..............................
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
6-32
PedalTravel ..................................
6-32
Replacing System Parts ........................
4-3:
Trailer ......................................
Transmission Shift Interlock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
:. . . . . . . . . 6-3'
Wear .............................
9-1
Brakes. Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Braking in Emergencies ...........................
4-8
Break-In. New Vehicle ..........................
2- 13
BTSICheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-43
BulbReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-36
Canadian Roadside Assistance ....................
8-6
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-67
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.26.4.25.4.32. 4.33
Cassette Deck Service ...........................
7-41
Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 10. 3. 12. 3.20
Cassette Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Center Passenger Position ........................
1-34
Chains.Safety .................................
4-32
Chains. Tire ...................................
6-49
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-23
2-55
Charging System Light ..........................
Check Gages Light ..............................
2-63
Check Oil Light ................................
2-61
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-52
6-57
Chemical Paint Spotting ..........................
Child Restraints ................................
1-4 I
Securing in a Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Securing in the Center Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-45
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
1-42
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Where to Put . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4 I . 1-42
2-48
Cigarette Lighter ...............................
Circuit Breakers and Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
Cleaner.Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
9-2
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Inside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
InstrumentPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
SpecialProblems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-51
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Clock. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
CompactDiscCare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Compact Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-16
5-36
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
ConvenienceNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-39
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-25
2-16
Heater.Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RecoveryTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-15
5-15
CoolingSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courtesy Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-37
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone Users . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ....................
8-1
Damage. Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . 6-56
Damage. Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Defects.ReportingSafety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- 1
Defogger.RearWindow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
Dimensions.Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-69
Dome Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-37
Door
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Sliding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
DrivePosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-16
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-24
In ForeignCountries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
In the Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-14
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
4-20
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-22
On Snow and Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Through
Water
...................
. . . . . . . 4-16
WetRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-22
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . 2- 16. 3.26. 6-60
ElectricalSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
4-9
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-25
Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Coolant Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-41
Cooling System Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-67
Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-15
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-26
FuseBlocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-61. 6-64
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
OilLevelCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Running While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-26
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-67
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
Temperature Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Engineoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
PressureGage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . 2-60
Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-15
Whentochange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
Exhaust.Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-26
Express-Down Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-28
Fabric Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
6-57
FiberglassSprings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6-69
Filter.Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-69
Filter. Engine Oil ...............................
6-54
Finish Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-3
Finish Damage .................................
6-56
First Gear .....................................
2-20
Flashers. Hazard Warning .........................
5-1
FlatTire.Changing .............................
5-23
Fluid Capacities ................................
6-67
Fluids and Lubricants ............................
7-47
Foreign Countries. Fuel ...........................
6-4..
French
........................... 11
FrontAxle ....................................
6-24
Front Storage Area ..............................
2-40
Front Towing ..............................
5-9. 5- 10
Front Turn Signal Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Fuel .......................................... 6-3
Canada ......................................
6-3
Filling Your Tank ..............................
6-5
Gage .......................................
2-63
InForeignCountries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Regulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Fuses and Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-61
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
2-62
Engine Oil Pressure ...........................
2-60
2-63
Fuel .......................................
2-43
Garage Door Opener ............................
4-26
GAWR .......................................
Gear Positions. Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 18
GloveBox ....................................
2-40
Gross Axle Weight Rating ........................
4-26
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating ......................
4-26
Guide en
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11..
GVWR .......................................
4-26
9-4
Halogen Bulbs ................................
6-36
Hatch Release ..................................
2-11
Hazard Warning Flashers ..........................
5-1
HeadRestraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Headlamps ....................................
2-35
BulbReplacement ............................
6-36
Highkow BeamChanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
OnReminder ................................
2-36
Wiring .....................................
6-60
Hearing Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Heating ........................................
3-5
High-Beam Headlamps ..........................
2-30
Highway Hypnosis ..............................
4-20
Hill and Mountain Roads .........................
4-20
4-32
Hitches. Trailer .................................
Hood
Checking Things Under .........................
6-7
Prop .......................................
6-10
6-8
Release ......................................
Horn .........................................
2-29
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
2-14
Ignition Positions ..............................
Inflation. Tire ..................................
6-43
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror ................. 2-38
7-45
Inspections ....................................
7-46
Brakesystem ................................
DriveAxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
7-45
ExhaustSystems .............................
7-45
Radiator and Heater Hose ......................
7-45
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Suspension ..................................
7-45
7-45
Throttle Linkage ..............................
2-50
Instrumentpanel ...............................
i . . . . . . . 2-35
BrightnessControl ....................
Cleaning ....................................
6-53
2-52
Cluster .....................................
FuseBlock ..................................
6-61
2-37
Interior Lamps .................................
2-55
ChargingSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Gages ................................
2-63
Check Oil ...................................
2-61
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Safety Belt Reminder .....................
1- 12. 2-54
Service Engine Soon ..........................
2-58
Loading YourVehicle ...........................
4-26
Locks
7-42
Cylinders ...................................
2-5
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Lock Cylinder Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-42
PowerDoor ..................................
2-6
2-10
Sliding Door Child Security .....................
Steering Column Lock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
Lubricants and Fluids ............................
7-47
Lubrication Service. Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Luggagecarrier ................................
2-47
Lumbar Controls ................................
1-2
.
5-24
ack. Tire ....................................
JJump
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
K e y Lock Cylinders Service .....................
7-42
KeylessEntry System ............................
2-7
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Certificationflire .............................
4-26
Service Parts Identification .....................
6-59
4-26
Tire-Loading Information ......................
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Lamps ........................................
2-35
Dome ......................................
2-37
2-37
Interior .....................................
2-36
OnReminder ................................
Latches. Seatback ................................
1-5
Leaving Your Vehicle .............................
2-6
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-24
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Lights
Air Bag Readiness .......................
1-25. 2-54
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57. 4-6
2-57
Brake System Warning .........................
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
7-49
MaintenanceRecord ............................
7-1
Maintenance Schedule ............................
Long Trip/HighwayDefinition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
7-5
Long TripMighway Intervals .....................
Owner Checks and Services .....................
7-41
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
7-4
Short Trip/City Definition .......................
Short Trip/City Intervals ........................
7-4
Maintenance. Underbody .........................
6-X
9-5
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
MalfunctionIndicator Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
ManualFrontSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
ManualLumbarSupport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
ConvexOutside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-39
Inside Day/Night Rearview .....................
2-38
Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-39
VisorVanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
MMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
ModelReference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vi
Mountain
Roads . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
N e t . Convenience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Neutral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-19
New Vehicle Break-In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2- I3
4-13
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Odometer. Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Off-Road Recovery .............................
4- I O
Oil. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
Opener. Garage Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
2-39
Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
OverheadConsole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5- I3
Overheating Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Owner Publications. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
9-6
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical ........................
6-57
Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-18
Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
Shifting Out of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
Parking
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-13
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-21
Brake Mechanism Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-44
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-13
Over Things That Burn .........................
2-25
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-36
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10
Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Power
AccessoryOutlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
OptionFuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-60
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-30
Windows ....................................
2-27
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts ....................
1-30
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
Publications, Service and Owner ....................
8-9
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
3-26
Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rain. Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-14
Reading Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
Rear
3-4
Air Conditioning System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
HeatingSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3 I
Safety Belt Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-36
SeatAudio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-22
Seatpassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-31
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-40
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.11.5.12
WindowDefogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
2-3 I
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38
RecliningFront Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Recovery Tank, Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5- 15
Refrigerants.AirConditioning ....................
6-68
2- 16
Regulator. Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removable Rear Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
Replacement
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-47
1-52
Replacing Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restraints
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-52
Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-41
1-5
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-52
Systemcheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
1-3 I
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
.........
. . . . . . . 8-6
Roadside
Assistance.
Canadian
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-37
Rotation.
Tires
......................
. . . . . . 6-44
1-51
Safety Belt Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belt Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-36
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 .1 1
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-16
Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-34
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-38
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-16
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-51
How t o Wear Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-16
IncorrectUsage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.19. 1-50, 1-51
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-34
Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 .16, 1-3 1
1-49
LargerChildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 .15
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-31
Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-31
Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 - 12. 2-54
1-52
Replacing Atter a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RightFrontPassengerPosition
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-31
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 .18
Smaller Children and Babies. Cargo Vans . . . . . . . . . . 1-40
Smaller Children and Babies. Except Cargo Vans . . . . 1-38
1-30
UseDuringPregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WhyThey Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-12
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-32
SafetyDefects.Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
...
111
Safety Warnings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3
9-7
Seatback
Latches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Reclining ....................................
1-3
Seats
Bench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
Bucket ......................................
1-6
ManualFront .................................
1-1
Manual LumbarSupport ........................
1-2
Power .......................................
1-3
Rear ........................................
1-5
Removable Rear Bucket .........................
1-8
Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 1
Seat Controls .................................
1.1
Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.41. 1-42
Two-WayManual .............................
1-2
Second Gear ...................................
2-20
Service ........................................
6-1
Bulletins. Ordering .............................
8-9
2-58
EngineSoonLight ............................
8-9
Manuals. Ordering .............................
Parts Identification Label .......................
6-59
Publications.Ordering ...........................
8-9
6-2
Work. Doing Your Own .........................
6- 1
Service and Appearance Care ......................
Service Publications ..............................
8-9
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29
6-56
Sheet Metal Damage ............................
2-18
Shifting .......................................
2-22
IntoPark ....................................
2-25
Outofpark ..................................
1 - 18
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster .....................
SIR ..........................................
1-24
Skidding ....................................... 4-12
3-26
Sound Equipment. Adding ........................
9-8
.
Spare Tire. Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
Specifications and Capacities ......................
6-67
Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Speedometer ...................................
2-53
Springs. Fiberglass ..............................
6-57
Stains. Cleaning ................................
6-51
Starter Switch Check ............................
7-43
Starting Your Engine ............................
2-15
Steam ........................................
5-13
Steering .......................................
4-8
Column Lock Check ..........................
7-44
In Emergencies ................................
4-9
Power .......................................
4-8
Tips .........................................
4-8
Wheel. Tilt .................................. 2-29
Storage Compartments ...........................
2-40
Storage. Vehicle ................................
6-36
Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-37
2-49
Sunvisors ....................................
Sunglasses Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
SupplementalInflatableRestraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Symbols. Vehicle ..................................
v
Taillamp Bulb Replacement ......................
6-40
3-27
Tape Player Care ...............................
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . . . . . .3-23
THEFTLOCK" ................................
3-23
Thermostat ....................................
6-30
ThirdGear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
TiltSteeringWheel .............................
2-29
3-8
Time.Setting ...................................
Tirechains ....................................
6-49
Tire Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-26
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-42
6-47
Alignment and Balance ........................
Buying New .................................
6-45
Chains .....................................
6-49
Changing a Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23
6-56
Cleaning ....................................
5-36
Compact Spare ...............................
6-43
Inflation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-41
Inflation Check ...............................
Inspection and Rotation ........................
6-44
Loading ....................................
4-26
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
6-47
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-47
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-46
Uniform Quality Grading .......................
6-46
6-45
WearIndicators ..............................
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
When It's Time for New .......................
6-45
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-42
TorqueLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24
5-33. 6-67
Torque. Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing Your Vehicle .............................
5-6
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Drivingwith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
4-32
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance When Towing .....................
4-36
Parking on Hills ..............................
4-36
Safety Chains ................................
4-32
Tongueweight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
Total Weight on Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-32
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
Turnsignals .................................
4-35
Weight .....................................
4-30
Wiring Harness ...............................
4-37
Transmission Fluid. Automatic ....................
6-20
Transmitters. Keyless Entry ........................
2-7
Transportation.Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
TTYUsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-3
Turn Signal and Lane Change Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Two-way ManualSeat ...........................
1-2
Underbody 'Maintenance . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Underhood Electrical Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-64
Vehicle
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damage Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IdentificationNumber .........................
Loading ....................................
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ventilation System ...............................
VisorVanityMirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visors. Sun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
iv
6-69
6-59
4-26
6-36
3-6
2-49
2-49
2-55
9-9
w a r n i n g Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Washer Fluid. Windshield ........................
6-3 1
WashingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Wheel
Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-47
Nut Torque .............................
5-33. 6-67
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-47
Wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-25
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
Express-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-28
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Swing-Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
9-10
WindshieldWasher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-31
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-31
FluidLevelCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-32
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-31
BladeReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-60
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Wiring.Headlamp ..............................
6-60
WreckerTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
Wrench. Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-25
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