Oldsmobile 2001 Aurora, Aurora 2001 Owner's manual

Oldsmobile 2001 Aurora, Aurora 2001 Owner's manual
Every
2001 Aurora
under warranty is
backed with the
following
services:
Courtesy
Transportation
Trip Routing
1-800-442-OLDS
( For vehicles purchased in Canada,
call 1-800-268-6800 )
that provides in an emergency:
Free lockout assistance
Free dead-battery assistance
Free out-of-fuel assistance
Free flat-tire change
Emergency towing
2001 Oldsmobile Aurora
Owner's Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 22618961 A First Edition
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 1999
All Rights Reserved
i
Table of Contents
Seats and Restraint Systems
Section 1
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts
Air Bag Systems
Child Restraints
Features and Controls
Section 2
ii
Keys and Door Locks
Remote Lock Control
Trunk Release
Automatic Transaxle
Parking Brake
Windows
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Windshield Wipers
Cruise Control
Interior and Exterior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Convenience Net
Accessory Power Outlet
OnStar® System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLink® Transmitter (If Equipped)
Instrument Panel, Warning Lights and Gages
Driver Information Center
Memory and Personalization
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
Section 3
Heating and Air Conditioning
Setting the Radio Clock
Radio/Cassette Player/CD Player
Radio Theft-Deterrent Feature
Steering Wheel Controls
Your Driving and the Road
Section 4
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Driving Tips for Various Road Conditions
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
Problems on the Road
Section 5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
Changing a Flat Tire
If You're Stuck
iii
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Service and Appearance Care
Section 6
Fuel
Checking Fluids and Lubricants
GM Oil Life System™
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Brakes
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires and Wheels
Appearance Care
Electrical System/Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Maintenance Schedule
Section 7
iv
Scheduled Maintenance
Owner Checks and Services
Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Maintenance Records
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Customer Assistance Information
Section 8
Customer Satisfaction Procedures
Customer Assistance Offices
Roadside Assistance and Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information (See Warranty Manual)
Reporting Safety Defects on page 8-10
Service Publications
Index
Section 9
In the Index you will find an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual.
You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.
Please refer to the last page of this manual for your Service Station Guide
v
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
OLDSMOBILE, the OLDSMOBILE Rocket Emblem
and the AURORA Emblem are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation. “AURORA” is used with
the permission of Hankook Tire.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
in the product after that time without further notice.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Oldsmobile
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
vi
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1577 Meyerside Dr.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B9
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
vii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in
different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
viii
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle. Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
MASTER
LIGHTING
SWITCH
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
PARKING
LAMPS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
POWER
WINDOW
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
AIR BAG
FOG LAMPS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
FUSE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
LIGHTER
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
ix
Service Station Guide
For
a More
Detailed Look at
What's Under the Hood
Windshield Washer
Fluid
See Section 6 Cooling System
See Section 5
Tire Pressure
See Section 6
Battery
See Section 6
Spare Tire Pressure
See Section 6
See Section 5
Alternate
Fuel Door Release
Hood Release
See Section 6
See Section 6
Engine Oil Dipstick
Oil Viscosity
Engine Oil
See Section 6
Fuel
See Section 6
Remote Fuel
Door Release
See Section 6
Use unleaded gas only,
See Section 6
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-8
1-12
1-13
1-14
1-20
1-21
1-21
1-30
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag Systems
Rear Seat Passengers
1-34
1-36
1-38
1-42
1-54
1-57
1-58
1-58
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Center Passenger Position
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
Power Seats
This part tells you about the power seats -- how to
adjust them, and also about reclining front seatbacks,
lumbar adjustments and heated seats.
Manual Lumbar Support
The power seat controls are located on the outboard side
of each front seat.
The knob that controls this feature is located on the
outboard side edge of the seat. Turn the knob towards
the front of the vehicle to increase lumbar support.
Turn the knob towards the rear of the vehicle to decrease
lumbar support.
1-2
To adjust the power seats:
Horizontal Control: Raise or lower the front of the seat
by pressing the forward edge of the control up or down.
Raise or lower the rear of the seat by holding the rear
edge of the control up or down.
Power Lumbar Control (Option)
The power lumbar controls
are located on the outboard
side of each front seat.
Move the seat forward or rearward by pressing the
control towards the front or rear of the vehicle.
Move the seat higher or lower by holding the control up
or down.
Vertical Control (Option): Move the seatback into a
reclined position by pressing back on the control. Raise
the seatback by pressing forward on the control.
Use the power seat control first to get the proper
position, then continue with the lumbar adjustment.
To reshape the lower seatback, press the lumbar control
forward to increase support and rearward to decrease
support. Press the control up or down to raise or lower
the support mechanism.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes,
as it may during long trips, so should the position of
your lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
1-3
Memory Seat and Mirrors (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, the controls on
the driver’s door panel
are used to program and
recall previous settings.
Adjust the driver’s seat (including the lumbar
adjustments) and both outside mirrors to the position
you would like for driving. Then press and hold memory
button 1 for more than three seconds. A double beep
will sound when the memory is set.
To set the seat and mirror positions for a second driver,
follow the previous steps, but press button 2 instead.
You can also store an exit position for each driver. The
exit position is programmed by moving the seat to the
desired exit position and then holding the exit button for
more than three seconds. The exit position set will be for
the most recently selected driving position (1 or 2).
You can use this feature to save your driver’s seat
position, lumbar adjustment, outside mirror positions,
personalization features, comfort controls and
radio settings.
1-4
Please note that mirror and lumbar positions will not be
stored or recalled for the exit position.
To recall your memory positions, your vehicle must be in
PARK (P). Push and release the memory button (1 or 2)
corresponding to the desired driving position. The seat and
mirrors will move to the position previously stored for the
identified driver. You will hear one beep.
Heated Front Seat (Option)
The heated seat controls
are located next to the
console shifter.
To recall the exit position, your vehicle must be in
PARK (P). Push and release the EXIT button and the
seat will move to the exit position previously stored for
the current identified driver. You will hear one beep.
If an exit position has not been stored for the current
identified driver, the seat will move all the way back.
To stop recall movement of the seat at any time, press
one of the power seat controls located on the outboard
side of each front seat.
If you would like your stored driving or exit position
to be recalled when unlocking your vehicle with the
transmitter, see “DIC Personalization” in the Index.
Push the ON part of the button once for a HI setting or
twice for a LO setting. Push the OFF part of the button
to turn the heated seat off. The LO setting warms the
seatback and cushion until the seat approximates body
temperature. The HI setting heats the seatback and
cushion to a slightly higher temperature.
The heated seats can only be used when the ignition
is turned on. The heating elements in the seats
automatically turn off when the vehicle’s ignition is
turned off.
1-5
Reclining Front Seatbacks
If your vehicle has a power
recliner, the vertical control
described previously in
this section reclines the
front seatbacks.
If your vehicle has the manual recliner, lift the lever on
the outboard side of the seat and move the seatback
to the desired position. Release the lever to lock the
seatback. Pull up on the lever and the seat will go to
an upright position.
1-6
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Head Restraints
CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
1-7
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to
be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow
people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is
not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light that
comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. See “Safety Belt
Reminder Light” in
the Index.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
1-8
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them, people
who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away.
Without belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-9
Put someone on it.
1-10
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
or the instrument panel ...
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-11
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-12
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller
children and babies. If a child will be riding in your
vehicle, see the part of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
1-13
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
1-14
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-15
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-16
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-17
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-18
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work properly,
or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-19
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-20
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in
this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the
way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature.
If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and
start again.
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact
air bag systems.
Your vehicle has four air bags -- a frontal air bag
for the driver, another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger, a side impact air bag for the driver, and
another side impact air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag. But
these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
1-21
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags are designed to work with
safety belts but don’t replace them.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-22
CAUTION: (Continued)
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in moderate
to severe crashes where the front of your vehicle
hits something. They aren’t designed to inflate
at all in rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal
crashes. And, for unrestrained occupants, frontal
air bags may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful air bags have provided
in the past. The side impact air bags for the driver
and right front passenger are designed to inflate
only in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the side of your vehicle. They
aren’t designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover
or in rear crashes. Everyone in your vehicle
should wear a safety belt properly -- whether or
not there’s an air bag for that person.
CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an eye.
If you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for air bag inflation before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
frontal air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle. Front occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door.
CAUTION: (Continued)
belt system nor its air bag system is designed
for them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children.”
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows the
air bag symbol.
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
CAUTION: (Continued)
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
1-23
How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-24
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t
put anything between an occupant and an air
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering and don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
1-25
When should an air bag inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. The frontal air bags are designed
to inflate only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight
into a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold
level is about 11 to 16 mph (18 to 26 km/h). The
threshold level can vary, however, with specific vehicle
design, so that it can be somewhat above or below this
range. If your vehicle strikes something that will move
or deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level
will be higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers,
side impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would
not help the occupant.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes involving a front door.
A side impact air bag will inflate if the crash severity
is above the system’s designed “threshold level.”
The threshold level can vary with specific vehicle
design. Side impact air bags are not designed to inflate
in frontal or near-frontal impacts, rollovers or rear
impacts, because inflation would not help the occupant.
A side impact air bag will only deploy on the side of the
vehicle that is struck.
1-26
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location and
severity of the impact.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door.
How does an air bag restrain?
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal
air bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help you in
many types of collisions, including frontal or near
frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not toward those air
bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s side impact air bags.
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates,
so quickly that some people may not even realize
the air bag inflated. Some components of the air bag
module -- the steering wheel hub for the driver’s air
bag, the instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
bag, the side of the seatback closest to the door for
the driver and right front passenger’s side impact air
bags -- will be hot for a short time. The parts of the
bag that come into contact with you may be warm, but
not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from the vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag
inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or being
able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from
leaving the vehicle.
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CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using
the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the frontal air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system, when
the system commands air bag inflation and driver’s
safety belt usage at deployment. Some modules also
record speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
1-28
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or
the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right
front passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag
module and seatback for the driver’s and right
front passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not
open or break the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag systems. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the air bag systems. Be sure to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-29
Rear Seat Passengers
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly. The center rear
position may also have a lap-shoulder belt with a
retractor. If it does, this part will tell you how to use the
center seat lap-shoulder belt properly. If the center rear
position has a lap belt only with no retractor, see the part
of this manual called “Center Passenger Position” for
instructions on how to properly wear the lap-only belt.
1-30
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
1-31
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-32
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-33
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have
outgrown booster seats and for small adults. When
installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better
positions the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on the side
of the seatback.
1-34
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide
on top.
1-35
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out from
the guides. Slide the guide into its storage pocket on the
side of the seatback.
Center Passenger Position
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Passenger Positions” earlier
in this section. Make sure that the shoulder belt
crosses the shoulder.
1-36
Lap Belt
When you sit in the center seating position, you will
have either a lap-only belt or a lap-shoulder belt.
If the center rear seat position has a lap-only belt with
no retractor, this part will tell you how to use the lap
belt properly. If the center rear seat position has a
lap-shoulder belt with a retractor, see the part of
this manual called “Rear Seat Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt” for instructions on how to
properly wear the lap-shoulder belt.
To make the lap belt longer, tilt the latch plate and
pull it along the belt.
1-37
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the
need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use
the vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-38
CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-39
Q:
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used in
a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In
addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
1-40
CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant
in a rear-facing seat settles into the restraint,
so the crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip
bones are still so small that vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
1-41
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
1-42
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a
crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and some
high-back booster seats have a five-point harness. A
booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.
1-43
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help reduce
the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder
straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
1-44
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so
if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from
the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in the rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child restraint
in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
1-45
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind the
rear seat on the filler panel.
In order to get to a bracket, you’ll have to open the
trim cover.
1-46
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position and in the Center
Rear Seat Position (Lap-Shoulder Belt)
Anchor the top strap to this bracket. Once you have the
top strap anchored, you’ll be ready to secure the child
restraint itself.
If the center rear seating position has a lap-shoulder belt
with a retractor, follow these instructions to secure a
child restraint in the center rear seat. If the center rear
seating position has a lap-only belt with no retractor,
see the part called “Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Rear Seat Position (Lap-Only Belt)” for
instructions on how to secure a child restraint.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1-47
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-48
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-49
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position (Lap-Only Belt)
If the center rear seating position has a lap-only belt
with no retractor, follow these instructions to secure a
child restraint in the center rear seat. If the center rear
seating position has a lap-shoulder belt with a retractor,
see the part called “Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Outside Seat Position and in the Center Rear Seat
Position (Lap-Shoulder Belt)” for instructions on how to
secure a child restraint.
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the
child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1-50
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you
push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
1-51
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
1-52
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
1-53
Older Children
6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-54
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The should belt should
not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be crushed
together and seriously injured. A belt must be
used by only one person at a time.
1-55
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a seat next to a window, move the
child toward the center of the vehicle. If the child is
sitting in the center rear seat passenger position with
a lap-shoulder belt, move the child toward the safety
belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the shoulder
belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash
the child’s upper body would have the restraint that
belts provide. If the child is sitting in a rear seat
outside position, see “Rear Safety Belt Comfort
Guides” in the Index. If the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s face or
neck, you might want to place the child in a seat that
has a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.
1-56
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way,
in a crash the child might slide under the belt.
The belt’s force would then be applied right on
the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-57
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash, the special
part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the
adjuster may need to be replaced.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
1-58
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything
is working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-4
2-6
2-9
2-14
2-16
2-17
2-18
2-20
2-21
2-22
2-25
2-26
2-29
2-30
2-32
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Lock Control
Trunk
Theft
Universal Theft-Deterrent
PASS-KeyRIII
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
2-32
2-33
2-34
2-35
2-44
2-46
2-50
2-53
2-56
2-56
2-57
2-58
2-62
2-66
2-78
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Accessory Power Outlet
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (If Equipped)
The Instrument Panel - Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC)
2-
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by
the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-2
Power Windows
Express-Down Windows
The driver’s and right front passenger’s windows have
an express-down feature. When either window switch
is pressed all the way rearward and then released, the
window will lower completely. The window can be
opened in smaller amounts by pressing the switch
rearward slightly, to the first stop.
To stop the window while it is lowering in the express
mode, press the switch again, then release. To raise the
window, hold the switch forward.
Window Lock
Switches on the driver’s door armrest control each of the
windows while the ignition is on or retained accessory
power (RAP) is active. In addition, each passenger’s
door armrest has a window switch for its own window.
Press the LOCK button on the driver’s door armrest to
lock out all passenger window controls. (Through the
Driver Information Center (DIC) you can also set the
control to only lock out the rear window controls.
See “Driver Information Center” in the Index.) The
driver’s window switches will still be operable. This is a
useful feature when you have children as passengers.
Press the LOCK button again to allow passengers to use
their window controls.
2-3
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-4
The master key works in
all of the lock cylinders
(doors, trunk, ignition and
glove box).
Both the master and VALET key have a transponder
embedded into the key for security and vehicle theft
deterrence. The keys also come with a bar code tag.
Keep the bar code tag in a safe place. If you lose your
key, you will be able to have a new one made using the
bar code tag. The replacement key must have a vehicle
theft deterrent system transponder embedded in it.
NOTICE:
The VALET key only
operates the doors and
the ignition.
Your vehicle has a number of features that can
help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside. You may even have to
damage your vehicle to get in. So be sure you
have extra keys.
2-5
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers -- especially children -- can easily
open the doors and fall out. When a door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow down or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, and you will be far
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or remote lock
control transmitter.
2-6
To unlock the door from the inside, move the manual
door lock control located above the door handle
rearward. To lock the door, move the manual door
lock control forward.
Central Door Unlocking System
If the key is held in the outside key cylinder unlock
position for more than two seconds, all doors will
unlock. All doors will also unlock if the key is turned
to the unlock position twice within three seconds.
Power Door Locks
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
With power door locks,
you can lock or unlock all
the doors of your vehicle
using the driver’s or the
front passenger’s door
lock switch.
This is a personalization feature that programs your door
locks to automatically lock or unlock your vehicle.
This feature also allows you to program the vehicle to
lock all doors when shifting out of PARK (P). Also, you
can program the door locks to do one of the following:
D Unlock just the driver’s door when shifting back
into PARK (P),
D unlock all doors when shifting back into PARK (P),
D unlock just the driver’s door when turning the
ignition to LOCK,
Door Ajar Reminder
If a door is not fully closed when the transaxle is in gear, a
chime will sound and the Driver Information Center (DIC)
will display one of these messages:
D
D
D
D
DRIVERS DOOR AJAR
PASSENGER DOOR AJAR
LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR
RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR
D unlock all doors when turning the ignition to
LOCK, or
D no automatic door unlock when shifting into
PARK (P) or turning the ignition to LOCK.
You can also program this feature to be turned off.
Then you will not have automatic door lock or unlock.
This feature will function when you close the doors and
turn on the ignition. If someone needs to get out while
you’re not in PARK (P), have that person use the manual
or power door lock. When the door is closed again, it
will not lock automatically. Use the manual or power
lock to lock the door again.
2-7
You must program this feature through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “DIC Personalization
Programming” in the Index.
Rear Door Security Lock
Your vehicle is equipped
with rear door security
locks that help prevent
passengers from opening
the rear doors of your
vehicle from the inside.
Overriding Lock Delay
If you need to lock your doors before shifting out of
PARK (P), use the manual or power door lock switch
to lock the doors.
Delayed Locking
This personalization feature lets the driver delay the
actual locking of the vehicle. When the driver’s power
door lock switch, or the lock symbol on the remote
lock control is pressed with the key removed from the
ignition and the driver’s door open, a chime will sound
three times to signal that the lock delay mode is active.
When all doors have been closed, the doors will lock
automatically after five seconds. If any door is opened
before this, the five-second timer will reset itself once
all the doors have been closed again.
Pressing the driver’s or passenger’s door lock switch or
the lock symbol on the remote lock control a second
time will override this feature.
You must program this feature through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “DIC Personalization
Programming” in the Index.
2-8
To use one of these locks do the following:
1. Move the lever all the way up to the
ENGAGED position.
2. Close the door.
3. Repeat Steps 1 and 2 for the other rear door lock.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
inside when this feature is in use. If you want to open a
rear door when the security lock is on do the following:
1. Unlock the door.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who ride in the rear won’t be able to open
the rear door from the inside. You should let adults and
older children know how these security locks work, and
how to cancel the locks.
To cancel the rear door lock do the following:
1. Unlock the door and open the door from the outside.
2. Move the lever all the way down.
3. Repeat Steps 1 and 2 for the other rear door.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Anti-Lockout Feature
The power door locks will not work if the key is in the
ignition and any door is open. You can override this
feature by holding the driver’s power door lock switch
for more than three seconds.
Leaving Your Vehicle
When you leave the vehicle, open your door and set the
locks from the inside, then get out and close the door.
Remote Lock Control
You can lock and unlock your doors or unlock your
trunk from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m) away
using the remote lock control transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
Your remote lock control operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
2-9
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
Operation
The numbers on the back of your transmitter correspond
to DRIVER #1 and DRIVER #2 on the DIC. For more
information see “DIC” in the Index.
The driver’s door will
unlock and the exterior
lights will flash twice
when the unlock symbol
is pressed.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left
or right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement or
resynchronization is necessary. See the instructions
that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
2-10
If the unlock symbol is pressed again within five
seconds, all doors will unlock, the exterior lamps will
flash twice and the horn may sound. See “Security
Feedback” in the Index.
Pressing the unlock symbol will also illuminate the
interior lamps. See “Illuminated Entry” in the Index.
All doors will lock, the exterior lamps will flash once
and the horn may sound when the lock symbol
is pressed.
The trunk will unlock when the trunk symbol is pressed
when the ignition is in LOCK. The trunk symbol will
also work when the ignition is on, but only while the
transaxle is in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Instant Alarm
When the horn symbol on the remote lock control
transmitter is pressed, the horn will sound and the
headlamps and taillamps will flash for up to 30 seconds.
This can be turned off by pressing the horn symbol
again, unlocking the vehicle with a key or by turning
the ignition on.
Personalization Features
The following list of features available on your vehicle
can be programmed to the driver’s preference for
each transmitter.
D Automatic Door Locks: This feature programs
your door locks to automatically lock or unlock
when shifting in and out of PARK (P) or when the
key is turned to LOCK.
D Security Feedback: This feature provides feedback
to the driver when the vehicle receives a command
from the remote lock control transmitter.
D Delayed Locking: This feature lets the driver delay
the actual locking of the vehicle. When all doors
have been closed, the doors will lock automatically
after five seconds.
D Perimeter Lighting: When the unlock symbol on
the remote lock control transmitter is pressed, the
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL), parking lamps
and back-up lamps will turn on if it is dark
enough outside.
For more detailed information and programming
instructions for each feature mentioned, refer to
the Index.
2-11
Security Feedback
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
This feature provides feedback to the driver when the
vehicle receives a command from the remote lock
control transmitter and all doors are closed. The
following settings can be programmed for each of
the remote lock control transmitters:
Each remote lock control transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
D No feedback when locking or unlocking vehicle.
D Parking lamps and the Daytime Running Lamps
will flash twice when unlocking the vehicle and flash
once when locking the vehicle.
D Horn chirps when all doors are unlocked (second
unlock button press) and when locking the vehicle.
D Parking lamps and the Daytime Running Lamps
will flash twice each time the button with the unlock
symbol is pressed; the horn chirps when all doors are
unlocked. Parking lamps and the exterior lamps flash
once and the horn chirps when locking the vehicle.
You must program this feature through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “DIC Personalization
Programming” in the Index.
2-12
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote lock
control transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
To replace the battery:
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
1. Insert a coin into the notch near the key ring. Turn
the coin counterclockwise to separate the two halves
of the transmitter.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil eraser
to remove the old battery. Do not use a metal object.
3. Replace the battery as the instructions under the
cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with your
vehicle. If the transmitter does not work,
resynchronize the transmitter.
For battery replacement, use a DuracellR battery, type
DL-2032, or a similar type.
2-13
Resynchronization
Pressing the transmitter buttons numerous times
(approximately 250 times) out of the vehicle’s operating
range may cause the transmitter not to work. Replacing
the battery and pressing the transmitter buttons out
of range will also cause the transmitter not to work.
If only the instant alarm works, the transmitter needs
to be resynchronized to the receiver. Resynchronize by
pressing and holding both the buttons with the lock
and unlock symbols at the same time for about eight
seconds. You must be within range of the vehicle.
Once the transmitter has been resynchronized, the locks
will cycle (the horn may chirp and the exterior lamps
may flash) depending on the security feedback settings.
The system should now operate properly.
2-14
Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on any airflow selection except RECIRC.
That will force outside air into your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Trunk Lock Release
Trunk Release Lockout
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the master
key and turn it.
Remote Trunk Release
Press the trunk release
button located on the lower
portion of the driver’s door
to release the trunk lid. The
trunk release lockout switch
must be OFF for this button
to work.
The system also works with the remote lock control.
The trunk will unlock when the trunk symbol is pressed
while the vehicle is in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and
the trunk release lockout switch is in OFF.
The trunk release lockout
switch in the glove box
allows you to secure items
in the trunk and disable the
fuel door release and the
HomeLinkR Transmitter.
Move the trunk release lockout switch to ON, lock the
glove box and take the master key and remote lock
control transmitter with you. Now the remote trunk
release button will not open the trunk, the fuel door
release button will not open the fuel door and the
HomeLink Transmitter will not operate.
2-15
Theft
Parking Lots
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and
take your keys. But what if you have to leave your
ignition key?
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
With the ignition off and the driver’s door open, you’ll
hear a chime reminding you to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. Always do this. Your
steering wheel will be locked, and so will your ignition
and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
2-16
D If possible, park in a busy, well-lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box. Be sure to close and lock the
storage area.
D
D
D
D
D
Close all windows.
Move the trunk release lockout switch to ON.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all doors except the driver’s.
Give the valet key to the valet. Then take the
master key with you.
Universal Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle has a theft-deterrent alarm system. With
this system, if your ignition is off, the SECURITY light
will flash as you open the door.
This light reminds you to
activate the theft-deterrent
system. To activate it do
the following:
If a door or the trunk is opened without the key or
remote lock control transmitter, the alarm will go off.
Your vehicle’s lamps will flash and the horn will sound
for 30 seconds, then will go off to save battery power.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate
if you lock the doors with a key or manual door lock.
It only activates if you use the power door lock switch
or remote lock control transmitter. You should also
remember that you can start your vehicle with the
correct ignition key if the alarm has been set off.
This also shuts off the alarm.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or
remote lock control system. The SECURITY light
should come on and stay on.
3. Close all doors. The SECURITY light should go
off after about 30 seconds. The security system is
not armed until the SECURITY light is off. If the
SECURITY light stays on or flashes when the
ignition is turned on, there is a problem with the
system and the vehicle should be serviced.
If the SECURITY light comes on for one minute and
then shuts off while the ignition is on, the security
system has detected a problem. See your dealer
for service.
D If you don’t want to activate the theft-deterrent
system, lock the door either using a key or the
manual door lock switch.
D Always unlock a door with a key, or use the remote
lock control system. Unlocking a door any other
way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with your key.
You can also turn off the alarm by pressing the
unlock symbol on the remote lock control transmitter.
The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any
other way.
2-17
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the driver’s
window and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with the
power door lock switch while the door is open, or
with the remote lock control transmitter.
PASS-KeyR III
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key III is a passive
theft-deterrent system.
3. Get out of the car, close the door and wait for the
SECURITY light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the
door with the manual door lock and open the door.
This should set off the alarm.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, but the
vehicle’s lamps flash, check to see if the horn works.
The horn fuse may be blown. See “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index.
If the alarm does not sound, or the vehicle’s lamps
do not flash, the vehicle should be serviced by an
authorized service center.
2-18
This means you don’t have to do anything different to
arm or disarm the system. It works when you insert or
remove the key from the ignition.
Your PASS-Key III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key III uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key III system senses that someone
is using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s
starter and fuel systems. The starter will not work and
fuel will stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone
using a trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will
be discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
When trying to start the vehicle, if the engine does not
start and the SECURITY light comes on, the key may
have a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off and
try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and
Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the engine still does
not start with the other key, your vehicle needs service.
If your vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service the
PASS-Key III to have a new key made.
It is possible for the PASS-Key III decoder to learn
the transponder value of a new or replacement key.
Up to 10 keys may be programmed for the vehicle.
This procedure is for learning additional keys only.
If all the currently programmed keys are lost or do not
operate, you must see your dealer or a locksmith who
can service PASS-Key III to have keys made and
programmed to the system.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key III to get a new blank key that is cut
exactly as the current black colored driver’s key that
operates the system. Do not use a gray-colored
VALET key for this procedure.
2-19
To program the new key:
1. Insert the current driver’s key (black in color) in the
ignition and start the engine. If the engine will not
start, see your dealer for service.
2. After the engine has started, turn the key to LOCK,
and remove the key.
3. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to RUN
within 10 seconds of removing the previous key.
4. The SECURITY telltale light will turn off once the
key has been programmed. It may not be apparent
that the SECURITY light went on due to how
quickly the key is programmed.
5. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are
to be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the SECURITY light comes on
and stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if you
turn it off. Your PASS-Key III system, however, is not
working properly and must be serviced by your dealer.
Your vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key III system
at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key III key, see your
dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key III to
have a new key made.
2-20
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate “break-in.”
But it will perform better in the long run if you
follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
With the ignition key in the ignition switch, you can turn
the switch to four different positions.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
ACCESSORY (B): This position lets you use your
electrical power accessories such as power windows,
power sunroof (option), radio and the windshield wipers.
LOCK (A): This is the only position in which you
can remove the key. This position locks your ignition,
steering wheel and transaxle. It’s a theft-deterrent feature.
RUN (C): This is the position the switch returns to after
you start your engine and release the switch. This is the
position for normal driving. Even when the engine is not
running, you can use RUN to operate your electrical
power accessories and to display some instrument panel
warning lights.
START (D): This position starts your engine. When
the engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch
will return to RUN for normal driving.
2-21
Key Reminder Warning
Starting Your Engine
If you leave your key in the LOCK ignition position,
you will hear a warning chime when you open the
driver’s door.
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s
a safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Always leave your key in LOCK. If you leave it in any
other position, you will drain the battery power.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
After you turn the ignition off and remove the key, you
will still have electrical power to accessories such as the
power windows, audio steering wheel controls, clock,
sunroof (option), accessory power outlet and the radio
for up to 10 minutes. The instrument panel cluster lights
will stay on for a few seconds, then go out. Once you
open a door, the power will shut off.
2-22
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Starting Your 3.5L V6 Engine
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START for about 10 seconds at a time until your
engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between each
try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging
your starter.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor and holding it there as you hold the key
in START for about three seconds. If the vehicle
starts briefly but then stops again, do the same
thing, but this time keep the pedal down for five or
six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from the
engine. After waiting about 15 seconds, repeat the
normal starting procedure.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed,
see the part of this manual that tells how to do
it without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
2-23
Starting Your 4.0L V8 Engine
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed,
see the part of this manual that tells how to do
it without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START for about three seconds at a time until your
engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between each
try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging
your starter.
2-24
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The engine coolant heater cord is located on
the passenger’s side of the vehicle, above the
headlamp assembly.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach,
use a heavy-duty three-prong extension cord
rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and store
the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving
engine parts. If you don’t, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for
that particular area.
2-25
Automatic Transaxle Operation
There are several
different positions for
your shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift
lock control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition key is in RUN.
2-26
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people
or objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
2-27
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
D Going less than approximately 35 mph (55 km/h),
push your accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
D When driving on hilly, winding roads,
D when towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears, or
D when going down a steep hill.
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SECOND (2): This position gives you more power
but lower fuel economy than AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) or THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed
as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off and on.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power but
lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use it on
very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the selector
lever is put in FIRST (1), the transaxle won’t shift into
FIRST (1) until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t turn, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or were up against a solid object.
You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P)
to hold your vehicle in position on a hill.
Parking Brake
Your vehicle has a PUSH
TO RELEASE parking
brake. To set the parking
brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down with
your right foot. Push down
the parking brake pedal
with your left foot.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot and push the parking
brake pedal with your left foot. This will release the
parking brake pedal. When you lift your left foot, the
parking brake pedal will follow it to the release position.
If you try to drive approximately 20 feet (6.1 m) with
the parking brake on, the brake light stays on and a
chime sounds until you release the parking brake.
NOTICE:
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on while the parking brake is set and a single
chime will be heard.
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section
shows what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
2-29
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
even when you’re on fairly level ground, use
the steps that follow. If you’re pulling a trailer,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake by pushing down the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pushing the
lever all the way forward.
2-30
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some
of the pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you can, it means the shift lever wasn’t fully locked
into PARK (P).
2-31
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brake before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in RUN. See “Automatic Transaxle” in
the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you
ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift
out of PARK (P), try the following:
1. Turn the key to the LOCK ignition position.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Take your vehicle to an authorized service center
as soon as you can.
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
2-32
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
2-33
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2-34
Horn
Press on the center area of the steering wheel to sound
the horn.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows
you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive.
You can also raise it to the highest level to give your
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull
the lever toward you. Move the steering wheel to a
comfortable level, then release the lever to lock the
wheel in place.
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow
you to signal either a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up
or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn
or lane change.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Turn and Lane Change Signals
Headlamps
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Parking Lamps
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
Flash-To-Pass
Fog Lamps
2-35
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
flash very fast, a bulb may be burned out and other
drivers won’t see your turn signal.
Headlamps
The headlamp control
is located on the turn
signal/multifunction lever.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid
an accident.
If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn,
check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index) and for burned-out bulbs.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than 0.8 miles
(1.3 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the turn
signal and the DIC will display the TURN SIGNAL
ON? reminder message. To turn off the chime and
message, move the turn signal lever to the off position.
To turn off the DIC message while the turn signal is
still active, press any button on the DIC.
2-36
Turn the control to this symbol to turn on
the following:
D
D
D
D
D
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Taillamps
To operate the wiper-activated headlamps the headlamp
control must be in AUTO. If the wiper-activated
headlamps are on and the ignition switch is turned to
RUN, the wiper-activated headlamps will continue.
When you turn the key to LOCK, the wiper-activated
headlamps will immediately turn off. The wiper-activated
headlamps will also turn off if you turn the headlamp
switch to OFF or turn off the windshield wipers.
License Plate Lamps
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Instrument Panel Lights
To change the headlamps from low beam to high,
push the lever away from you until you hear a click.
Then release it.
Turn the headlamp control to this symbol to turn on
the following:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Headlamps
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Turning the headlamp control to AUTO will turn the
headlamps, taillamps and parking lamps on and off,
while the ignition is on, by sensing how dark it is outside.
Turn the headlamp control back to off to turn all of the
lamps off.
When the high beams
are on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
This feature turns on the low-beam headlamps,
instrument panel cluster backlighting, and taillamps
when it is bright enough outside, the headlamp control
is in AUTO and after the windshield wipers have been
in use for approximately six seconds.
If the fog lamps are on when you turn on the
high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps will turn off.
The fog lamps will turn back on when you turn off the
high-beam headlamps.
2-37
Lamps On Reminder
If the headlamp switch is left on, you’ll hear a warning
chime when you turn the ignition off, remove the key
from the ignition and open the driver’s door.
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps
to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
It works even if your headlamps are off.
Fog Lamps
To turn on only the front
fog lamps, turn the fog
lamp band to the single
fog lamp symbol. To turn
on both the front and rear
fog lamps, turn the fog
lamp band to the double
fog lamp symbol.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you.
Your high-beam headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay
on as long as you hold the lever there. Release the lever
to turn them off.
If your headlamps are on, and on high beam, your
headlamps will switch to low beam when the lever is
released. To get back to high beam, push the lever
away from you.
2-38
Turning on the front fog lamps only will automatically
activate the parking lamps. Turning on the front and rear
fog lamps will automatically activate the parking lamps
and headlamps.
To turn off the fog lamps, turn the band to OFF. The
front fog lamps will also turn off when you turn on your
high-beam headlamps, but will turn on again when you
switch to low beams.
Windshield Wipers
The wipers will stop after one cycle. If you want more
cycles, hold the lever to MIST longer.
For steady wiping at low speed, move the lever up to
the LO position. For high-speed wiping, move the
lever up further, to HI. To stop the wipers, move the
lever to OFF.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wiper cycles. This can be very useful in light
rain or snow. Move the lever up to the first detent, INT.
Turn the band labeled INT ADJ down towards the
shorter lines for fewer wiper passes per minute. As you
turn the band towards the longer lines, the wiper cycles
per minute will increase.
The lever on the right side of your steering column
operates your windshield wipers.
If your windshield wipers are on for more than
six seconds while you are driving, the low-beam
headlamps, instrument panel cluster backlighting and
the taillamps will turn on. For more information see
“Wiper-Activated Headlamps” in the Index.
For a single wiping cycle, move the lever down to MIST.
Hold it there until the wipers start, then release it.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent
you from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your
blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade
inserts. See “Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement”
in the Index.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
2-39
Rainsense
t Wipers (If Equipped)
The moisture sensor is mounted on the passenger’s
interior side of the windshield behind the rearview
mirror and is used to automatically operate the wipers
by monitoring the amount of moisture that is on
the windshield.
The Rainsense system can be activated by moving the
wiper lever to INT. Set the wiper control band to one
of the five sensitivity settings within the delay area.
The bottom INT ADJ position is the lowest sensitivity
setting. This allows more water to collect on the
windshield between wipes. You can increase the
sensitivity of the system and the frequency of wipes
by turning the INT ADJ band up towards the wider
lines. A single wipe will occur each time you turn the
wiper control band to a higher sensitivity setting.
The Rainsense wipers operate in a delay mode as well
as a continuous low or high speed depending on the
amount of moisture on the windshield and the sensitivity
setting. The MIST and “wash” cycles operate as normal
and are not affected by the Rainsense function.
2-40
NOTICE:
The wipers must be turned off when going
through a car wash to avoid damage.
It is important to note that the Rainsense delay wiping
feature can be overridden at any time by manually
changing the wiper control to LO or HI speed.
NOTICE:
Do not place stickers or other items on the
exterior glass surface directly in front of the
rainsensor. Doing this could cause the rainsensor
to malfunction.
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control
The lever on the right side of your steering column also
controls your windshield washer. To spray washer fluid
on the windshield, push the button on the end of the
lever. The wipers will clear the window and then either
stop or return to your preset speed. For more washer
cycles, push and hold the button.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This is helpful on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shuts off.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
Ice build up can block washer nozzles. Remove ice for
proper operation.
If the fluid level in the windshield washer bottle is low,
the message LOW WASHER FLUID will appear in the
Driver Information Center. See “Windshield Washer
Fluid” in the Index.
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where
D
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control.
Don’t use cruise control on slippery roads.
2-41
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See “Traction
Control System” in the Index. When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
1. Push the cruise control switch located at the end of
the lever in to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push the lever down to SET-CST and release it.
The CRUISE light on the instrument panel cluster
will come on.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-42
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting the cruise control at a desired speed and then
applying the brake will end the cruise control function.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can briefly push the cruise control lever up to
RES/ACC (Resume/Accelerate) to reset. This returns
you to your desired preset speed.
Remember, if you hold the lever up at RES/ACC,
the vehicle will accelerate until you release the lever or
apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold the lever at RES/ACC.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are three ways to go to a higher speed:
D Use the accelerator pedal to go to a higher speed.
Push the lever down, then release the lever and
the accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise at the
higher speed.
D Move the cruise lever up to RES/ACC. Hold it
there until you reach a desired speed and then
release the lever.
D To increase your speed in very small amounts, move
the lever up to RES/ACC briefly and then release it.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you have
set the cruise control speed by pushing the lever down
to SET-CST.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
D Push the lever down until you reach a desired lower
speed then release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, push the lever
down briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
2-43
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load, and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this
to be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control
on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control Without Erasing
the Set Speed
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal, or
D pull the cruise lever towards you to cancel cruise.
To resume the set speed see “Resuming a Set Speed”
earlier in this section.
Erasing Cruise Control Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
2-44
Exterior Lamps
Headlamps
See “Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever” in the Index.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day. DRL
can be helpful in many different driving conditions, but
they can be especially helpful in the short periods after
dawn and before sunset. Fully functional daytime running
lights are required on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness in daylight when the
following conditions are met:
D The ignition is on,
D the headlamp switch is off, and
D the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
When the DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps
will be on. The parking lamps, taillamps, sidemarker
and other lamps won’t be on.
With your headlamp control in AUTO when it is
dark enough outside, your low-beam headlamps will
automatically come on. The other lamps that turn on
with your headlamps will also turn on. When it is bright
enough outside, the regular lamps will go off, and your
high-beam headlamps change to the reduced brightness
of DRL.
To turn off all exterior lighting at night when you are
parked, turn the headlamp control all the way toward
OFF. The DRL will turn on automatically and the
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message will be
displayed on the DIC when you move the transaxle
out of PARK (P).
If the headlamp control is in the parking lamps position
at night, only the parking lamps will be on. If the
transaxle is out of PARK (P), only the parking lamps
will be active and the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will be displayed on the DIC.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Automatic Headlamps
The automatic headlamps will keep your headlamps on
when it is dark outside and the ignition is in RUN.
It’s possible that your headlamps may go out if you
drive from a dark area into a bright area like a lighted
parking lot. If this happens, turn on your headlamps
with the regular headlamp switch.
Light Sensor
Your automatic headlamps and Daytime Running Lamps
work with the light sensor on top of the instrument
panel. Don’t cover it up. If you do it will read “dark”
and the automatic headlamp lighting will turn on.
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the manual lamp control has been left on, the exterior
lamps will turn off approximately 10 minutes after the
ignition is turned to LOCK and any door has been
opened. This protects against draining the battery in
case you have accidentally left the headlamps or parking
lamps on. If you need to leave the lamps on for more
than 10 minutes, use the manual control to turn the lamps
back on after the ignition has been turned to LOCK and
any door has been opened. To delay the lamps from
turning off, see “Automatic Headlamps” in the Index.
2-45
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
The instrument panel
brightness control is located
on the driver’s side of the
instrument panel.
When it is dark outside, you can brighten or dim
your instrument panel cluster lights by turning the
dimmer knob.
If it is dark enough outside and your parking lamps are
on, the instrument panel cluster lights and displays and
the backlighting for the door and steering column
switches will come on, and can also be adjusted.
Courtesy Lamps
If it is dark enough outside and the front reading lamp
slider control is in the AUTO position, when any door is
opened all of the vehicles courtesy lamps will come on.
See “Reading Lamps” in the Index. They make it easier
for you to enter and leave the vehicle. The courtesy lamps
will remain on for about 25 seconds after all doors have
been closed. They will then theater dim to off.
Move the front reading lamp slider control in the
overhead console to ON to turn on the interior courtesy
lamps. When the control is moved back to either OFF
or AUTO, the courtesy lamps will immediately turn off.
Turn the knob clockwise to brighten the instrument
panel cluster lights and displays. Turn the knob
counterclockwise to dim the instrument panel cluster
lights and displays.
If the control is OFF when the doors are opened, only
the lower instrument panel courtesy lamps will come on.
Also, if the control is OFF when illuminated entry or
delayed exit lighting are active, only the lower
instrument panel courtesy lamps will be on.
If it is day and your parking lamps are on, the
instrument panel cluster lights and displays will
come on at full intensity and will not be adjustable.
If a door is left ajar, your interior lamps will turn off
after 10 minutes to save your battery.
2-46
Illuminated Entry
Theater Dimming
If it is dark enough outside and you press the unlock
symbol on the remote lock control transmitter while all
doors are closed, the interior courtesy lamps will come
on and stay on for approximately 40 seconds. When
the 40 seconds is up, the lights will be turned off by
the theater dimming effect. The lamps will turn off
immediately by pressing the lock symbol on the remote
lock control transmitter, by turning the ignition key to
RUN or by activating the power door locks.
This feature allows for a three to five-second fade out
of the overhead courtesy lamps instead of immediate
turn off after you remove the key from the ignition.
They will not fade if the interior lamps are manually
turned on. The lower instrument panel courtesy lamps
will not theater dim.
Delayed Entry Lighting
When you open the door to enter your vehicle, the
interior lamps will come on if it is dark enough outside.
When you close the door with the ignition off, the
interior lamps will stay on for 25 seconds. When the
25 seconds is up the lights will be turned off by the
theater dimming effect. Please note that locking the
doors with the power door lock switch or with the lock
symbol on the remote lock control transmitter, will
override the delayed entry lighting and the lamps will
turn off immediately.
Delayed Exit Lighting
This feature will turn on the interior lamps for 25
seconds after you remove the key from the ignition
while the doors are closed and it is night. This will give
you time to find the door handle or lock switches as you
exit the vehicle. When the 25 seconds is up, or if the key
is reinserted into the ignition, the lights will be turned
off by the theater dimming effect. The lamps will turn
off immediately by pressing the lock symbol on the
remote lock control transmitter, by turning the ignition
key to RUN or by activating the power door locks.
2-47
Parade Dimming
Front Reading Lamps
To activate the instrument panel backlighting during
the day, turn the headlamp switch to the parking lamp
position. Dimming of the instrument panel display is
not possible during daylight hours. The instrument panel
display can only be adjusted when the parking lamps
are on and it is dark outside.
Perimeter Lighting
When the unlock symbol on the remote lock control
transmitter is pressed, the DRL headlamps, parking
lamps and back-up lamps will turn on for approximately
25 seconds if it is dark enough outside.
This feature can be programmed on or off for each
transmitter. You can also program how long the
exterior lamps will stay on after unlocking the vehicle.
You must program this feature through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “DIC Personalization
Programming” in the Index.
These lamps and the interior courtesy lamps will come
on when you open a door. They will turn off when you
turn on the ignition. If a door is left open, they will turn
off after about 10 minutes.
To turn on the reading lamps when the doors are closed,
press the button under the lamp you want on. Press it
again to turn the lamp off.
These lamps work even when the ignition is off. To avoid
draining your vehicle’s battery, be sure to turn off all
front and rear reading lamps when leaving your vehicle.
2-48
Rear Reading Lamps
Power will be restored for an additional 10 minutes if
any door is opened, the trunk is opened or the courtesy
lamp switch is turned on. To restore power back to
the cigarette lighters the ignition must be turned back
to RUN.
Battery Load Management
These lamps will come on when you open the doors.
You can also turn them on by pressing the button on the
side of the lamp. Press it again to turn them off.
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s
battery against drainage from the interior lamps,
trunk lamp, glove box lamp or cigarette lighters.
When the ignition is turned off, the power to these
features will automatically turn off after 10 minutes.
The battery load management feature is designed to
monitor the vehicle’s electrical load and determine when
the battery is in a heavy discharge condition. During
times of high electrical loading, the engine may idle at a
higher RPM setting than normal to make sure the battery
charges. High electrical loads may occur when several
of the following are on: headlamps, high beams, fog
lamps, rear window defogger, high blower fan, heated
seats and engine cooling fans.
If your vehicle’s battery remains in a heavy discharge
condition for a long period of time, the blower fan,
rear defogger, heated seats and heated mirrors will be
disabled and the DIC will display BATTERY SAVER
ACTIVE. This can happen either under long periods of
idling or low speed driving with high electrical loading,
or in the event of a charging system fault.
2-49
Mirrors
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with Compass
Your vehicle has an electrochromic inside rearview
mirror with a compass. Your vehicle’s mirror may also
contain OnStarR controls.
This is the on/off button for mirrors equipped
with OnStar controls.
Pressing the MIRROR button (or the on/off button for
mirrors equipped with OnStar controls) located at the
bottom of the mirror, turns the automatic dimming
feature on or off.
The mirror also includes an eight-point compass display
in the upper right corner of the mirror face. When on, the
compass automatically calibrates as the vehicle is driven.
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
2-50
Mirror Operation
To turn on the automatic dimming feature, press MIRROR
(or press and hold the on/off button for about three seconds
for mirrors equipped with OnStar controls). To turn off
automatic dimming, press MIRROR (or press and hold
the on/off button for about three seconds for mirrors
equipped with OnStar controls) again. The green indicator
light will be illuminated when this feature is active.
The automatic dimming feature will be active each time
the vehicle is started.
Compass Operation
Press COMPASS (or the on/off button for mirrors equipped
with OnStar controls) once to turn the compass on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes for approximately
two seconds. After two seconds, the mirror will display the
compass heading.
Compass Calibration
If after two seconds, the display does not show a compass
heading (“N” for North, for example), there may be a
strong magnetic field interfering with the compass. Such
interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna mount,
magnetic note pad holder or a similar magnetic item.
If the letter “C” should ever appear in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration.
The mirror can be calibrated in one of two ways:
D Drive the vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or
less until the display reads a direction, or
D drive the vehicle on your everyday routine.
Mirrors equipped with OnStar controls can be placed in
calibration mode by pressing and holding the on off
button until a “C” is shown in the compass display.
Compass Variance
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the difference
between earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
To adjust for compass variance:
1. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold COMPASS (or the on/off button for
mirrors equipped with OnStar controls) until a zone
number appears in the display.
3. Once the zone number appears in the display, press
the COMPASS (or the on/off button for mirrors
equipped with OnStar controls) button quickly until
the correct zone number appears in the display.
Stop pressing the button and the mirror will
return to normal operation. If “C” appears in the
compass window, the compass may need calibration.
See “Compass Calibration” explained previously.
2-51
Power Remote Control Mirror
Leave the L/R switch in the center position to disable
mirror movement by the four-way control pad.
If your vehicle is equipped with the memory function,
the mirrors and driver’s seat position, can be stored into
memory. See “Memory Seat and Mirrors” in the Index.
Parallel Park Assist Mirror (If Equipped)
The controls on the driver’s door operate both outside
rearview mirrors. Move the L/R switch to the left (L)
to select the driver’s side rearview mirror, or to the
right (R) to select the passenger’s side rearview mirror.
Then press the arrows on the four-way pad to adjust
each mirror so that you can see a little of the side of
your vehicle when you are sitting in a comfortable
driving position.
2-52
If you have the memory seat and mirrors feature,
the passenger’s outside rearview mirror also includes a
tilt-down feature that operates when the shift lever is
in REVERSE (R). When the vehicle is shifted out of
REVERSE (R), the passenger mirror will return to its
original position after a five-second delay. This delay
prevents movement of the mirror if multiple gear
transitions (REVERSE (R) to DRIVE (D) to
REVERSE (R)) occur during a parallel parking
maneuver. This feature can be programmed on or off
through the DIC. See “Driver Information Center”
or “Personalization Features” in the Index for
programming instructions. Vehicles are delivered
with this feature off.
Convex Outside Mirror
Storage Compartments
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from
the driver’s seat.
Glove Box
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Heated Outside Rearview Mirror
(If Equipped)
When you operate the rear window defogger, the heated
driver’s and passenger’s outside rearview mirrors also
warm up to help clear them of ice and snow. See “Rear
Window Defogger” in the Index.
Use the master key to lock and unlock the glove box.
To open, lift the latch release on the left side of the
glove box door.
The VALET key will not work in the glove box
door lock.
Front Storage Armrest
The front armrest opens into a storage area. To open it,
press the lever on the side and lift up. Inside you will
find storage for cassettes, compact discs and coins.
In front of the storage area is a cupholder. Press and
release the cupholder cover to open. Do not try to pull
it out. Press the cupholder back to its recessed position
when not in use.
Rear Armrest
Your vehicle has a rear armrest with cupholders and a
pass-through feature.
2-53
Rear Storage Compartment (Option)
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Your vehicle may have a rear storage armrest with
cupholders and a pass-through feature.
Push and release the cover to reveal the front ashtray
and cigarette lighter.
Lift the front of the cover on the armrest to reveal the
storage space.
Pull down the interior door to access the trunk.
Convenience Net
Your vehicle has a convenience net just inside the back
wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. You can unhook the net
so that it will lie flat when you’re not using it.
2-54
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn
into your ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or
other smoking materials could set them on fire,
causing damage.
To clean an ashtray, make sure the cover is open fully,
then lift out the ashtray by pulling on the snuffer.
To use a lighter, push the center all the way in and let
it go. When it’s ready, the center will pop back out by
itself. Pull out the entire unit to use it.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
The cigarette lighter will only operate when the ignition
is in RUN and for 10 minutes after turning the ignition
off. If you would like the lighter to operate regardless of
the ignition position, and for unlimited periods of time,
see “Engine Compartment Bussed Electrical Center” in
the Index or see your dealer.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also remove them from the center mount and swing
them to the side, while the auxiliary visor remains to
block glare from the front.
To extend the visor at the sides, pull out the extension.
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirrors
When you open the cover to the driver or passenger side
visor vanity mirror, the lamps will come on.
Leaving an accessory on for a long period of time can
drain the vehicle’s battery.
2-55
Accessory Power Outlet
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
The accessory power outlet (12-volt) is located on the
front passenger’s side of the vehicle, near the floor on
the console.
Onstar is a vehicle communications service. The
following services are available through a subscription
with OnStar and are available 24 hours a day:
The outlet can be used to plug in electrical equipment
such as a cellular telephone, CB radio, etc. Follow the
proper installation instructions that are included with
any electrical equipment you install.
Emergency Services
The accessory power outlet will only operate when the
ignition is in RUN and for 10 minutes after turning the
ignition off. If you would like the accessory power
outlet to operate regardless of ignition position, and for
unlimited periods of time, see “Engine Compartment
Bussed Electrical Center” in the Index or see your dealer.
Leaving an accessory on for a long period of time can
drain the vehicle’s battery.
NOTICE:
When using the accessory power outlet, the
maximum load of any electrical equipment
should not exceed 15 amps.
2-56
D
D
D
D
D
D
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
Stolen-Vehicle Tracking
Roadside Assistance with Location
Remote Diagnostics
OnStar MED-NET
Accident Assist
Convenience Services
D
D
D
D
Remote Door Unlock
Route Support
Concierge Services
Ride Assist
A complete user’s guide is provided with the OnStar
System. For more information contact OnStar
at 1-888-ONSTAR7.
Assist Handles
A handle above each rear door and the front passenger’s
door can be used to help you get in or out of your vehicle.
Garment Hook
For your convenience, you will find a two-hanger
capacity garment hook on each rear door assist handle.
Garment hooks are not designed to support clothing
bars. Use assist handles for this if possible.
Sunroof (Option)
If you have this feature,
the switches are located
between the sun visors.
There are two switches that operate the sunroof. The
switches will only work when the ignition is on or when
the Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active.
The OPEN/CLOSE switch has positions for open or
close and express open. The TILT/CLOSE switch has
positions for tilt or close.
Press and hold the OPEN/CLOSE switch to the
first position to open the glass panel and sunshade.
The sunshade can also be opened by hand. To close
the glass panel, press and hold the OPEN/CLOSE or
TILT/CLOSE switch in the close position. As the
glass panel closes, it will open slightly towards the tilt
position to provide a better seal. The sunshade can only
be closed by hand.
Press and release the OPEN/CLOSE switch rearward
to the second position to express open the glass panel.
It will stop in a partially open position. The glass panel
may be fully opened by pressing the OPEN/CLOSE
switch rearward again. When the glass panel is express
opening, pressing either switch in any direction will stop
it. If you press and hold the OPEN/CLOSE switch in
the express open position for more than one and a half
seconds, the express open operation will be overridden
and the sunroof will operate manually.
To tilt open the glass panel, press and hold the
TILT/CLOSE switch. The sunshade must be opened
by hand. To close the glass panel, press and hold
the TILT/CLOSE or OPEN/CLOSE switch in the
close position.
2-57
HomeLinkR Transmitter (If Equipped)
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLinkR Transmitter
Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
2-58
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. If you have previously programmed a transmitter
channel, proceed to Step 2. Otherwise, hold
down the two outside buttons on the HomeLink
Transmitter until the indicator light begins to flash
rapidly (after 20 seconds). Then release the buttons.
This procedure initializes the memory and erases any
previous settings for all three channels.
2. Decide which one of the three channels you want to
program. Hold the end of the hand-held transmitter
about 2 to 5 inches (5 to 13 cm) away from the
surface of the HomeLink Transmitter so that you
can still see the indicator light.
3. Using both hands, press the hand-held transmitter
button and the desired button on the HomeLink
Transmitter. Continue to press both buttons
through Step 4.
If you have trouble programming the HomeLink
Transmitter, make sure that you have followed the
directions exactly as described. The HomeLink
Transmitter may not work with older garage door openers
that do not meet current Federal Consumer Safety
Standards. If you cannot program the transmitter after
repeated attempts, refer to “Rolling Code Programming”
later in this section or contact the HomeLink Transmitter
manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter
in case you need to erase and reprogram the
HomeLink Transmitter.
Note to Canadian Owners: During programming,
the hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after one or two seconds. In this case, you
should press and repress the button on the hand-held
transmitter every two seconds without ever releasing the
button on the HomeLink Transmitter. Release both
buttons when the indicator light on the HomeLink
Transmitter begins to flash rapidly.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the indicator
light on the HomeLink Transmitter flash slowly and
then rapidly. The rapid flashing indicates that the
HomeLink Transmitter has been programmed.
Release both buttons once the indicator light starts
to flash rapidly.
2-59
Operating the HomeLinkR Transmitter
Press and release the appropriate button on the
HomeLink Transmitter. The indicator light comes on
while the signal is being transmitted. The trunk release
lockout switch must be OFF.
If the hand-held transmitter appears to program the
HomeLink Transmitter but does not open your garage
door, and if the garage door opener was manufactured
after 1996, the garage door opener may have a “rolling
code” system. A rolling code system changes the code
of the garage door opener every time you open or close
the garage door.
To determine if you have this system, press the button
on the HomeLink Transmitter that you have already
programmed. If the indicator light on the HomeLink
Transmitter flashes rapidly for two seconds and then
turns solid, the garage door opener has a rolling code
system. In a rolling code system, the garage door motor
head unit must be trained to the HomeLink Transmitter.
2-60
“Rolling Code” Programming (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to the HomeLink Transmitter, see
“Programming the HomeLinkR Transmitter” listed
previously. If you have completed this programming
already, you now need to train the garage door opener
motor head unit to recognize the HomeLink Transmitter.
Refer to your garage door opener owner’s manual for
the proper transmitter training procedure for your garage
door opener brand.
1. Find the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit. The exact location and color of
the button may vary by garage door opener brand.
If you have difficulty finding the training button,
refer to your garage door opener owner’s manual.
2. Press the training button on the garage door
opener motor head unit.
Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
3. Return to the HomeLink Transmitter in your
vehicle and firmly press and release the HomeLink
Transmitter button you have already programmed for
two to three seconds. Press and release the button
again (you may need to do this step up to three
times) to make sure that the HomeLink Transmitter
has been trained to the garage door opener motor
head unit. Check that the training was successful.
The garage door opener should now recognize the
HomeLink Transmitter. You may either use the
HomeLink Transmitter or the hand-held transmitter
to open the garage door.
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (after 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
Accessories
Accessories for the HomeLinkR Transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please call 1-800-355-3515.
If after following these instructions, you still have problems
training the garage door opener, contact the HomeLink
Transmitter manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
2-61
The Instrument Panel - Your Information System
2-62
The main components of your instrument panel are:
A. Air Outlet
J. Trip Odometer Buttons
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
K. Hood Release
C. Steering Wheel Controls for Climate Control System
L. Parking Brake
D. Steering Wheel Controls for Audio System
M. Cruise Control Lever
E. Windshield Wiper/Washer Control
N. Ignition Switch
F. Driver Information Center (DIC)
O. Audio System
G. Hazard Warning Flasher Button
P. Accessory Power Outlet
H. Climate Control System
Q. Glove Box (Trunk Release Lockout Switch inside)
I. Instrument Panel Brightness Control
2-63
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your vehicle is equipped with this instrument panel cluster, which includes indicator warning lights and gages that are
explained on the following pages. The instrument panel is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is
running. You’ll know how fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive
safely and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
2-64
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
Your trip odometer tells you how far you have driven
since you last reset it. Your vehicle is equipped with two
trip odometers, “A” and “B”.
The speedometer shows a top speed of 140 mph
(220 km/h). This is not intended to be the vehicle’s
top speed.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to
the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must be.
But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must be
put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading
when the new odometer was installed.
Press the TRIP A/B button to change which trip odometer
is displayed.
Press the TRIP RESET button to reset the trip odometer
that is currently being displayed.
2-65
Tachometer
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area, or when the message HOT...REDUCE
ENG RPM is displayed. Engine damage may occur.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
If your engine speed equals or exceeds the safe limit for
operation, the message HOT...REDUCE ENG RPM is
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
2-66
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle has a Driver Information Center that works
along with the warning lights and gages. See “Driver
Information Center” in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds, then
flash for about 55 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, the chime will not
sound and the light will go off after 5 seconds.
2-67
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensors, the
air bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see “Air Bag” in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
2-68
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few seconds
when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light
doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready
to warn you if there is a problem.
On the DIC an AIR BAG PROBLEM message will
be displayed when there is a problem with the air bag
system. See “DIC Warnings and Messages” in the
Index for more information.
Battery Warning Light
This light will come on
briefly when you start the
vehicle, as a check to show
you it is working; then it
should go out.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you
may have a problem with the electrical charging system.
It could indicate that you have a generator problem or
another electrical system problem. Have it checked
right away. Driving while this light is on could drain
your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and climate control system.
On the DIC a CHECK CHARGE SYSTEM message
will be displayed and a warning chime will sound.
See “DIC Warnings and Messages” in the Index
for more information.
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Towing Your Vehicle”
in the Index.
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If you try to drive off with the parking brake set,
a chime will also come on until you release the parking
brake. If the light stays on after your parking brake is
fully released, it means you have a brake problem.
A PARK BRAKE SET message will be displayed on
the Driver Information Center (DIC) while the park
brake is set and the vehicle is moving. The message
will not come on if the transaxle is in PARK (P).
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With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if
the light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Traction Control System Warning Light
This warning light should
come on briefly as you
start the engine.
If the warning light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem. If it
stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there may be
a problem with your traction control system and your
vehicle may need service. When this warning light is on,
the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
The traction control system warning light may come
on for the following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on. If your brakes begin to overheat, the traction
control system will turn off and the warning light
will come on until your brakes cool down.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off
and the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Traction Control System Active Light
When your traction control
system is limiting wheel
spin, this light will come on.
D If you turn the system off by pressing the TC button
located on the center console, the warning light will
come on and stay on. To turn the system back on,
press the button again. The warning light should go
off. See “Traction Control System” in the Index
for more information.
Slippery road conditions may exist if the traction
control system active light comes on, so adjust your
driving accordingly.
The light will stay on for a few seconds after the traction
control system stops limiting wheel spin.
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Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the
engine coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer moves
into the red warning zone,
your engine is hot.
If the coolant temperature is over 262_F (128_C),
the message HOT...IDLE ENGINE will appear. It means
you should reduce the engine load and speed to prevent
the engine from overheating.
If the coolant temperature is over 268_F (131_C),
the message HOT...STOP ENGINE will appear.
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
You should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and
turn off the engine as soon as possible.
Your vehicle is equipped with an Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index for more information.
To prevent engine overheating, the air conditioning
compressor will turn off automatically, a fast-pulsed
chime will sound, and the message ENGINE HOT...A/C
OFF will appear in the Driver Information Center (DIC).
As the engine cools down, the air conditioning
compressor will automatically turn back on.
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If your coolant level is low, the message LOW ENGINE
COOLANT will appear on the Driver Information
Center. Check your coolant level as soon as possible.
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light)
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust or fuel system of your vehicle or the
replacement of the original tires with other than
those of the same Tire Performance Criteria (TPC)
can affect your vehicle’s emission controls and may
cause the CHECK ENGINE light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
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This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
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If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts
of air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire.
The system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct
this condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly.
See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. It will take a
few driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See “Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to
help your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the CHECK
ENGINE light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still
does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center
to prepare the vehicle for inspection.
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Oil Pressure Light
If you have a problem
with your oil, this light
may stay on after you start
your engine, or come on
when you are driving.
A warning chime and the DIC message LOW OIL
PRESSURE may also come on.
These indicate that oil is not going through your engine
quickly enough to keep it cool. The engine could be low
on oil, or could have some other oil problem. Have it
fixed right away.
The oil light could also come on briefly when the
ignition is on but the engine is not running. The light
will come on as a test to show you it is working, but
the light will go out about five seconds after you turn
the ignition to START. If it doesn’t come on with the
ignition on, you may have a problem with the fuse or
bulb. Have it fixed right away.
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CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you
do, your engine can become so hot that it catches
fire. You or others could be burned. Check your oil
as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems
can be costly and is not covered by your warranty.
Cruise Light
The CRUISE light comes
on whenever you set your
cruise control. See “Cruise
Control” in the Index.
When the ignition is on, your fuel gage tells you about
how much fuel you have left.
When you have less than 3.0 gallons (11.3 L) of
fuel remaining, the DIC message LOW FUEL will
be displayed and a chime will sound. You need to get
more fuel right away.
Here are four things that some owners ask about.
None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
This light will come on for a few seconds when you turn
the ignition key to RUN to let you know it is working.
D At the service station, the gas pump shuts off
Fuel Gage
D It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
before the gage reads full.
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took
a little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to
fill the tank.
D The gage moves a little when you turn a corner
or speed up.
D The tank is not necessarily empty when the gage
reads empty. There is a reserve of about 1.5 gallons
(5.6 L) in the tank. You should still get more fuel
as soon as possible.
United States
Canada
2-77
Driver Information Center (DIC)
The DIC has different display modes which can be
accessed by pressing the four buttons on the DIC.
These buttons are labeled ON/OFF, SELECT right
arrow, SELECT down arrow and RESET. The button
functions are detailed in the following.
Turn on the system by pressing the ON/OFF button
once. When you turn on the ignition, the DIC will be in
the mode last displayed when the engine was turned off.
Keep in mind that this also applies to the OFF mode.
To turn off messages on the DIC (except LOW OIL
PRESSURE, LOW BRAKE FLUID, PARK BRAKE
SET, STARTING DISABLED and the HOT...STOP
ENGINE warning), press the RESET button.
The Driver Information Center (DIC) displays
information in either English or metric. When the
system is on or off, push the ON/OFF button down
for three seconds to change the display between English
and metric. This will also change the digital screen for
the climate control system between English and metric.
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Pressing the SELECT right arrow button will allow
you to access the following modes, DATE/ET, FUEL,
ECON, OIL and GAGE. While in any of these modes,
warning messages can interrupt and take over the
display until you acknowledge the message, or the
condition causing the problem goes away.
Date/Elapsed Time
Elapsed Time (ET)
Pressing the SELECT down arrow while in DATE/ET
mode will allow you to choose between the elapsed time
and date menus.
When the ignition is on, the DIC can be used as a
stopwatch. The display will show hours and minutes.
The elapsed time indicator will record up to 100 hours,
then it will reset to zero and continue counting. Press
SELECT down arrow while in the DATE/ET mode,
and the display will show the amount of time that has
elapsed since the elapsed time indicator was last reset
(not including time the ignition is off), such as:
Date
To set the date, press and hold the RESET button for
two seconds while the date is being displayed on the
DIC. When the date set mode is entered the display
will show the following:
YEAR?_____ MM/DD/00
The year will be flashing. To increase the item that is
flashing press SELECT right arrow. To decrease the
item that is flashing press SELECT down arrow.
When you reach the current year press the RESET
button. The DIC will ask for the month. The month
will flash the same as the year. Use the SELECT
buttons to reach the current month and press RESET.
The DIC will then ask for the day. The day will flash the
same as the year. Use the SELECT buttons to reach the
current day. Press the RESET button again and the set
display will stop flashing and go back to the normal
operation mode.
01:08 ELAPSED TIME
To start or stop the counting of time, press the RESET
button briefly. If the colon (:) in the time is flashing,
time is being counted. Time is displayed in hours and
minutes. Seconds are not displayed. Time will continue
to be counted as long as the ignition is on, even if
another display is being shown on the DIC.
To reset elapsed time to zero, press RESET button
for three seconds while the elapsed time is displayed.
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Fuel
Press SELECT down arrow while in the FUEL mode
to see how much fuel has been used and the fuel
range functions.
Fuel Used
If the range is less than 50 miles (80 km), the display
will read LOW FUEL RANGE.
The fuel economy data used to determine fuel range is
an average of recent driving conditions. As your driving
conditions change, this data is gradually updated.
Fuel range cannot be reset.
While in the FUEL USED function the display will
show a reading such as:
Fuel Economy
FUEL USED: 10.4 GAL or FUEL USED: 39.4 L
Pressing the SELECT down arrow while in the ECON
mode displays average fuel economy and instantaneous fuel
economy calculated for your specific driving conditions.
To learn how much fuel will be used from a specific
starting point, first enter the FUEL USED mode to
display FUEL USED, then press and hold the
RESET button for three seconds.
Don’t confuse fuel used with the amount of fuel in
your tank.
Fuel Range
The FUEL RANGE mode calculates the remaining
distance you can drive without refueling. It’s based
on fuel economy and the fuel remaining in the tank.
The display will show a reading such as:
FUEL RANGE: 235 MI or FUEL RANGE: 378 KM
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Average fuel economy will be shown in a reading such as:
25.2 AVG MI/GAL or 9.3 AVG L/100 KM
Instantaneous fuel economy will be shown in a reading
such as:
28 INST MI/GAL or 8.4 INST L/100 KM
The average fuel economy is viewed as a long-term
approximation of your overall driving conditions.
If you press and hold RESET for three seconds in
this mode while you’re driving, the system will begin
figuring average fuel economy from that point in time.
Instantaneous fuel economy cannot be reset.
Oil Life
t
The GM Oil Life System is the only function
accessible in the OIL mode. Engine oil life is displayed
in a reading such as:
OIL LIFE 30%
This is an estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life.
It will show 100% when the system is reset after an
oil change. It will alert you to change your oil on a
schedule consistent with your driving conditions.
When the remaining oil life is low, the system will
alert you with this message:
CHANGE OIL SOON
When the oil life is down to zero, you will receive
this message:
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE yourself
after each oil change. It will not reset itself. Also, be
careful not to reset the OIL LIFE accidentally at any
time other than when the oil has just been changed.
It can’t be reset accurately until the next oil change.
The DIC does not replace the need to maintain your
vehicle as recommended in the Maintenance Schedule
in this manual. Also, the oil change reminder will not
detect dusty conditions or engine malfunctions that may
affect the oil. If you drive in dusty areas, change your
oil after every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or three months,
whichever occurs first, unless the DIC instructs you to
do so sooner. Also, the oil change reminder does not
measure how much oil you have in your engine. So,
be sure to check your oil level often. See “Engine Oil”
in the Index.
CHANGE OIL NOW
Always reset the OIL LIFE reminder after an oil change.
To reset the Oil Life System, see “Oil Life System” in
the Index. Also, see “Engine Oil, When to Change” in
the Index.
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Gage
Pressing the SELECT down arrow while in GAGE
mode will allow you to access the battery volts, oil
pressure and tire pressure displays. Pressing and holding
the RESET button for three seconds while in average
speed and tire pressure displays will reset them. Pressing
the SELECT down arrow in GAGE mode will show
the following displays:
D Battery voltage, such as:
VOLTS: 13.8
D Oil pressure, such as:
OIL PRESSURE 40 PSI or OIL
PRESSURE 276 KPA
D Average speed, such as:
AVG SPEED 55 MPH or AVG SPEED
90 KM/H
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D Tire pressure status, such as:
TIRE PRESSURE NORMAL or LOW
TIRE PRESSURE
TIRE PRESSURE NORMAL appears when the
Check Tire Pressure System believes your vehicle’s
tire pressures are normal. If a potential tire pressure
problem is detected, the display will show LOW
TIRE PRESSURE. If you see this message, you
should stop as you can and check all four tires for
damage. If a tire is flat, see “If a Tire Goes Flat ”
in the Index. Also check the tire pressure in all four
tires as soon as you can. See “Tire Pressure” in
the Index.
There are times when you will have to reset
(calibrate) the Check Tire Pressure System.
See “Check Tire Pressure System” in the Index
for more information.
DIC Personalization
The DIC display will show the following:
The DIC can be used to program the following personal
choice features available with your vehicle:
FEATURE PROGRAMMING
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
PRESS SELECT DOWN TO
Automatic Door Locks
SELECT MENU OPTIONS
Window Lockout
PRESS SELECT RIGHT TO
Security Feedback
CHANGE SETTINGS
Delayed Locking
The next item to be displayed is DRIVER 1 or
DRIVER 2. To change the driver number, press the
SELECT right arrow. The driver number that you
select should correspond with the number on the back
of your remote lock control transmitter. Once the correct
driver number has been selected, press the SELECT
down arrow to enter your choice and move on to the
next selection.
Perimeter Lighting
Driver ID
Memory Seats
Parallel Park Assist Mirror (Tilt Mirror)
To access the personalization menu, the vehicle must be
in PARK (P) with the ignition in RUN and no warning
messages displayed on the DIC. You must then press
and hold both of the SELECT buttons for three seconds.
This will display the personalization menu.
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The DIC is used to program the personal choices of
two drivers. The drivers are recognized as DRIVER 1
and DRIVER 2. You will let the DIC and the vehicle
know which driver you are by using your remote lock
control transmitter or by pressing the appropriate
memory seat control button located on the driver’s door
or choosing the driver with the DIC. Each remote lock
control transmitter was pre-programmed to belong to
DRIVER 1 or DRIVER 2. The personalization features
may be programmed differently for each driver.
When you press the unlock symbol on the transmitter,
the DIC will automatically change driver numbers and the
vehicle will recall the personal choice settings that were
last made to correspond to your transmitter, including
your radio and comfort control settings. See “Comfort
Controls, Personalization” in the Index.
If you unlock the vehicle using your door key instead
of your transmitter, the personal choice settings will
correspond to the previous driver of the vehicle as
identified by a transmitter, a memory seat control or
through the DIC. If this happens and you were not
the last driver of the vehicle, press your correct driver
number on the memory seat controls, press the
unlock symbol on your transmitter or select the
personalization programming mode and choose the
correct driver number.
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After you have the correct driver number on the display
use the SELECT down arrow button to scroll through
the following messages and feature options:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
DOORS LOCK IN GEAR - YES/NO
DOORS UNLOCK - YES/NO
ALL DOORS IN PARK - YES/NO
ALL DOORS AT KEY OFF - YES/NO
DRIVERS DOOR IN PARK - YES/NO
DRIVERS DOOR KEY OFF - YES/NO
PASS WINDOW LOCKOUT - YES/NO
KEY FOB FLASH LIGHTS - YES/NO
KEY FOB CHIRP HORN - YES/NO
DELAY LOCK OF DOORS - YES/NO
PERIMETER LIGHTS - YES/NO
EXT LIGHT TIMEOUT - 25
DISPLAY DRIVER ID - YES/NO
KEY FOB MEMORY SEAT - YES/NO
DRIVING POSITION - YES
EXIT POSITION - YES
TILT MIRROR REVERSE - YES/NO
If you would like to exit the selection mode without
moving through each of the personal choice features,
simply press a different button on the DIC or turn off
the ignition. The personal choices you made will still
be retained, even without passing through each of the
features. In order for your personal choices to save,
you must press the SELECT down arrow after making
your selections.
If you happen to move past a selection you would like
to make a personal choice for, press unlock on your
transmitter or press the appropriate driver number on
the memory seat control. This will return you to the
beginning of the option feature programming mode.
A description of each feature programmable through
the DIC follows.
Automatic Door Locks
You can program the automatic door lock feature to
change to the following modes:
Mode 0: No automatic door lock or unlock.
Mode 1: All doors automatically lock when shifted out
of PARK (P). No automatic door unlock.
Mode 2: All doors automatically lock when shifted out
of PARK (P). Only the driver’s door automatically
unlocks when shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 3: All doors automatically lock when shifted out
of PARK (P). All doors automatically unlock when
shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 4: All doors automatically lock when shifted out
of PARK (P). Only the driver’s door automatically
unlocks when the key is turned to LOCK.
Mode 5: All doors automatically lock when shifted out
of PARK (P). All doors automatically unlock when the
key is turned to LOCK.
You can change which mode your vehicle is in by
different selections of the following DIC displays:
D
D
D
D
D
D
DOORS LOCK IN GEAR - YES/NO
DOORS UNLOCK - YES/NO
ALL DOORS IN PARK - YES/NO
ALL DOORS AT KEY OFF - YES/NO
DRIVERS DOOR IN PARK - YES/NO
DRIVERS DOOR KEY OFF - YES/NO
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Press the SELECT right arrow button to toggle between
your choices and change the settings. Press the SELECT
down arrow button to store your changes in memory and
move on to the next selection.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 0,
select NO for DOORS LOCK IN GEAR. Your door
locks will operate normally with no automatic feature.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 1,
do the following:
1. Select YES for DOORS LOCK IN GEAR.
2. Select NO for DOORS UNLOCK.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 2,
do the following:
1. Select YES for DOORS LOCK IN GEAR.
2. Select YES for DOORS UNLOCK.
3. Select NO for ALL DOORS IN PARK.
4. Select NO for ALL DOORS AT KEY OFF.
5. Select YES for DRIVERS DOOR IN PARK.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 3,
do the following:
1. Select YES for DOORS LOCK IN GEAR.
2. Select YES for DOORS UNLOCK.
3. Select YES for ALL DOORS IN PARK.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 4,
do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Select YES for DOORS LOCK IN GEAR.
Select YES for DOORS UNLOCK.
Select NO for ALL DOORS IN PARK.
Select NO for ALL DOORS AT KEY OFF.
Select NO for DRIVERS DOOR IN PARK.
Select YES for DRIVERS DOOR KEY OFF.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 5,
do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select YES for DOORS LOCK IN GEAR.
Select YES for DOORS UNLOCK.
Select NO for ALL DOORS IN PARK.
Select YES for ALL DOORS AT KEY OFF.
See “Automatic Door Locks” in the Index for more
information about this feature.
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Window Lockout Personalization
The number of passenger windows locked out by the
window LOCK switch can be programmed through
the DIC.
Press the SELECT right arrow button to toggle between
your choices and change the settings. Press the SELECT
down arrow button to store your changes in memory and
move on to the next selection.
If you select YES for PASS WINDOW LOCKOUT,
all three passenger window switches will be locked out
when the window LOCK switch is on.
If you select NO for PASS WINDOW LOCKOUT,
only the two rear passenger window switches will be
locked out when the window LOCK switch is on.
For more information on this feature, see “Window
Lock” in the Index.
Security Feedback
You can program the security feedback feature to
change to the following modes:
Mode 1: No feedback when locking or unlocking
the vehicle.
Mode 2: Parking lamps and the Daytime Running
Lamps will flash twice when unlocking the vehicle
and flash once when locking the vehicle.
Mode 3: Horn chirps when all doors are unlocked
(second unlock button press) and when locking
the vehicle.
Mode 4: Parking lamps and the Daytime Running
Lamps will flash twice each time the button with the
unlock symbol is pressed; the horn chirps when all
doors are unlocked. Parking lamps and the exterior
lamps flash once and the horn chirps when locking
the vehicle.
You can change these modes by different selections
of the following DIC displays:
D KEY FOB LIGHTS FLASH - YES/NO
D KEY FOB HORN CHIRP - YES/NO
Press the SELECT right arrow button to toggle between
your choices and change the settings. Press the SELECT
down arrow button to store your changes in memory and
move on to the next selection.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 1,
do the following:
1. Select NO for KEY FOB LIGHTS FLASH.
2. Select NO for KEY FOB HORN CHIRP.
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If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 2,
do the following:
1. Select YES for KEY FOB LIGHTS FLASH.
When you have made your choice, press the SELECT
down arrow button to record your selection and move on
to the next choice.
2. Select NO for KEY FOB HORN CHIRP.
For more information on this feature, see “Delayed
Locking” in the Index.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 3,
do the following:
Perimeter Lighting Personalization
1. Select NO for KEY FOB LIGHTS FLASH.
2. Select YES for KEY FOB HORN CHIRP.
If you would like to program your vehicle to Mode 4,
do the following:
1. Select YES for KEY FOB LIGHTS FLASH.
2. Select YES for KEY FOB HORN CHIRP.
For more information on this feature, see “Security
Feedback” in the Index.
Delayed Locking
The delayed locking feature, which delays the actual
locking of the vehicle, can be made active or inactive
through the DIC. When DELAY LOCK OF
DOORS appears on the display, use the SELECT
right arrow button to toggle between YES and NO.
2-88
When the unlock symbol on the transmitter is pressed,
the Daytime Running Lamps, parking lamps and
back-up lamps will turn on if it is dark enough outside.
You can control activation of this feature by choosing
YES or NO when the PERIMETER LIGHTS choice is
displayed on the DIC. Make your choice by pressing the
SELECT right arrow button and record your choice by
pressing the SELECT down arrow button. You will then
be prompted to choose a TIMEOUT period.
The EXT LIGHTS TIMEOUT feature can be changed
to the desired setting by using the SELECT right arrow
button to toggle from 5 to 30 seconds. Each toggle will
increase the time by 5 seconds. Once the desired timeout
is displayed, press SELECT down arrow to record your
choice and move on to the next personal choice feature.
For more information on this feature, see “Perimeter
Lighting” in the Index.
Driver ID
This feature displays the driver ID, as identified by
the DIC. If you choose YES when DISPLAY
DRIVER ID is shown on the DIC, the driver number
will be displayed every time the ignition is turned on.
If you choose NO when DISPLAY DRIVER ID is
shown on the DIC, the driver number can be displayed
by pressing either a button on the remote lock control
transmitter or a memory seat button.
Memory Seat Recall (If Equipped)
This feature recalls the position of the driver’s seat. When
this feature is active, the memory seat and mirror positions
will be recalled for the identified driver when the remote
lock control transmitter is used to enter the vehicle.
You can program this feature to be active by choosing
YES when the KEY FOB MEMORY SEAT choice
appears, or inactive by choosing NO when the KEY
FOB MEMORY SEAT choice appears on the DIC.
Make your choices by pressing the SELECT right
arrow button and store them in memory by pressing
the SELECT down arrow button.
You can also program this feature to recall your memory
seat position or the exit seat position. Select YES for
KEY FOB MEMORY SEAT then use the SELECT
right arrow button to toggle between DRIVING
POSITION - YES and EXIT POSITION - YES.
When the desired position is displayed on the DIC,
press the SELECT down arrow button to save that
position in memory and move on to the next selection.
For more information on this feature, see “Memory Seat
and Mirrors” in the Index.
Parallel Park Assist (If Equipped)
The parallel park assist mirror, which tips the passenger
mirror while the vehicle is in REVERSE (R), can be
made active or inactive through the DIC. When TILT
MIRROR REVERSE appears on the display, use the
SELECT right arrow button to toggle the arrow
between YES and NO. When you have made your
choice, press the SELECT down arrow button to record
your selection. For more information on this feature,
see “Mirrors” in the Index.
2-89
DIC Warnings and Messages
Other messages or warnings may appear in the DIC
display. For Canadian drivers, in addition to the DIC
message your DIC will display EXP with a number after
it which reflects the following messages:
EXP (Export ID) . . . . . . . . . . . . Warning Message
1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIR BAG PROBLEM
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHANGE OIL NOW
3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHANGE OIL SOON
4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECK CHARGE SYSTEM
5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECK OIL LEVEL
6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TRANS HOT...IDLE ENG
7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CONFIRM TIME & DATE
8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DRIVERS DOOR AJAR
9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ENGINE HOT...A/C OFF
10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOT...REDUCE ENG RPM
11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOT...STOP ENGINE *
12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . THEFT SYSTEM FAULT
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR
14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LOW BRAKE FLUID *
15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LOW ENGINE COOLANT
16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LOW FUEL
2-90
17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LOW OIL PRESSURE *
18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LOW TIRE PRESSURE
19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LOW WASHER FLUID
20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PARK BRAKE SET *
21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PASSENGER DOOR AJAR
22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR
23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SERVICE VEHICLE SOON
24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TURN SIGNAL ON?
25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . THEFT ATTEMPTED
26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SERV STABILITY SYS
27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TRUNK AJAR
29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE
32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOT...IDLE ENGINE
33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . STARTING DISABLED *
36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECK GAS CAP
42 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . STABILITY ACTIVE
The EXP codes are used to make translation from
English to other languages easier.
Pressing the RESET button will remove the above
messages or warnings from the DIC display, unless
noted by an asterisk (*).
CHECK OIL LEVEL - 5: If you ever see the
CHECK OIL LEVEL message, it indicates that the
engine oil level is 1 to 1 1/2 quarts (0.9 L to 1.4 L) low.
The message will appear only if the engine is running
and it has been at least eight minutes since the engine
was last running. If the message appears, check the oil
dipstick level. If it reads low, your oil level should be
brought up to the proper level (see “Engine Oil” in
the Index). After bringing the oil to the proper level,
the ignition must be off for eight minutes to allow the
majority of oil to drain into the oil pan.
STABILITY ACTIVE - 42 : You may see the
STABILITY ACTIVE message on the Driver
Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help
your vehicle continue to go in the direction in which
you’re steering. This stability enhancement system
activates when the computer senses that your vehicle is
just starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice
or other slippery spot on the road. When the system is
on, you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal.
SERV STABILITY SYS - 26 : If you ever see the
SERV STABILITY SYS message, it means there
may be a problem with your stability enhancement
system. If you see this message, try to reset the system
(stop; turn off the engine; then start the engine again).
If the SERV STABILITY SYS message still comes on,
it means there is a problem. You should see your dealer
for service. Reduce your speed and drive accordingly.
When the STABILITY ACTIVE message is on,
you should continue to steer in the direction you want
to go. The system is designed to help you in bad
weather or other difficult driving situations by making
the most of whatever road conditions will permit. If the
STABILITY ACTIVE message comes on, you’ll know
that something has caused your vehicle to start to spin,
so you should consider slowing down.
2-91
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-8
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-10
Comfort Controls
Automatic Electronic Climate Control
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Passenger Temperature Control (Option)
Ventilation System
Steering Wheel Controls for Climate Control
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
3-11
3-20
3-24
3-24
3-25
3-25
3-26
3-27
3-27
3-27
3-28
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Programmable
Equalization and Radio Data System (RDS)
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Diversity Antenna System
Chime Level Adjustment
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
Automatic Electronic Climate Control
This section tells you how to operate your climate
control system.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a passenger
compartment air filter. For more information, see
“Passenger Compartment Air Filter” in the Index.
Comfort Controls Personalization
(If Equipped)
This feature allows two different drivers to store and
recall their own climate control settings for temperature,
air delivery mode and fan speed. The personal choice
settings recalled are determined by the transmitter used
to enter the vehicle. After the button with the unlock
symbol on a remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed,
and the ignition is in RUN, the climate control will
adjust to the last settings of the identified driver. The
settings can also be changed by pressing one of the
memory buttons (1 or 2) located on the driver’s door,
until you hear two beeps. When adjustments are made,
the new settings are automatically saved for that driver.
3-2
Your vehicle is equipped with either a Single Zone or
a Dual Zone Automatic Electronic Climate Control
System. You can use the automatic setting or override
the automatic setting by using the manual controls.
Your vehicle also has the flow-through ventilation
system described later in this section.
AUTO-PUSH Knob
By pressing the AUTO-PUSH knob, you have
selected the electronic climate control system to be in
the automatic mode. The climate control system will
automatically control the air temperature, air inlets, air
distribution and the fan speed based on your selected
temperature setting as well as on the temperature inside
the vehicle, the outside temperature and the sun load.
D When you press the AUTO-PUSH knob, the lights
under the AUTO-PUSH and AUTO FAN knobs
will illuminate. Your current comfort setting will be
shown in the digital display.
D Set the comfort level you want inside the vehicle by
using the colored buttons located below the climate
control display.
D Turn the AUTO-PUSH knob to select the
manual air delivery mode operation of the climate
control system.
Temperature Buttons
To adjust the comfort level you want maintained inside
the vehicle, use the red and blue buttons located below
the digital display. If you want a warmer comfort level,
push the red button. If you want a cooler comfort level,
push the blue button. Your selected comfort setting will
be shown on the digital display for five seconds, then
the outside temperature will be displayed.
Mode Control
Turn the AUTO-PUSH knob to deliver air through
the floor, panel or windshield outlets. The system will
stay in the selected mode until the AUTO-PUSH knob
is pressed.
AUTO FAN Knob
This knob controls the fan speed in either an automatic
mode or a manual mode.
D Pressing the AUTO FAN knob puts the fan control
in the automatic mode. The AUTO FAN light will
appear below the knob. The fan speed indicators
will not be illuminated when the system is in the
automatic fan control mode.
D Turning the AUTO FAN knob selects a manual
fan speed. Turn this knob clockwise to raise the fan
speed. Turn this knob counterclockwise to lower the
fan speed. Turning the AUTO FAN knob overrides
the automatic fan control mode. The fan speed
indicators will be illuminated while in the manual
fan control mode.
3-3
Automatic Operation
Press the AUTO-PUSH knob when you want the
system to automatically adjust the interior temperature
to your preference. When the system is set for automatic
operation, air will come from the floor, the panel outlets
or the windshield outlets depending on the temperature
inside the vehicle, the outside temperature, the engine
coolant temperature and the sun load. Fan speed will
vary as the system reaches and maintains the comfort
setting you have selected.
To find your comfort setting, start with the system in
automatic mode by pressing the AUTO-PUSH knob.
Adjust the comfort setting by using the red and blue
buttons located below the digital display until you
reach a setting of 75_F (24_C) on the display. Give the
vehicle about 30 minutes to stabilize and then readjust
the comfort setting if necessary. The display will show
the comfort setting for five seconds and then it will
show the outside temperature.
3-4
In cold weather, the system will delay turning on the
fan to avoid blowing cold air. The length of the delay
depends on the engine coolant temperature and the
outside temperature. Turning the AUTO FAN knob
will override this delay by turning off the automatic fan
mode and changing the fan speed.
Your automatic electronic climate control system has a
sun sensor located on the top of the instrument panel
that detects direct sunlight. To keep you and your
passengers comfortable, the system may supply cooler
air to the side toward the sun. Be careful not to put
anything over this sun sensor. The automatic electronic
climate control system may not operate correctly if this
sensor is covered.
To change the automatic electronic climate control
display from an English display to a metric display,
push the OFF button located in the Driver Information
Center (DIC) for two seconds. The display in the DIC
will also change from an English to a metric display. To
return to an English display, repeat the above procedure.
Manual Operation
You may override the automatic airflow distribution by
turning the AUTO-PUSH knob. After you turn this
knob, the comfort setting will be displayed for five
seconds, then the outside temperature will be displayed.
The fan control will remain in the automatic control
mode unless you turn the AUTO FAN knob to select
a manual fan speed.
PANEL: This setting directs airflow through the
upper air outlets located in the instrument panel.
BI-LEVEL: This setting directs the airflow
through both the panel air outlets and the lower floor
outlets. There is also a small amount of air directed to
the front defroster and the side window defrosters.
FLOOR: This setting directs most of the airflow
to the lower floor outlets with some airflow directed to
the side window defrosters. There is also a small amount
of airflow directed to the front defroster.
DEFOG: This setting directs the majority of
the airflow to the lower floor outlets and the front
defroster. A small amount of airflow is directed to the
side window defroster outlets. This mode can be useful
to remove the moisture from the inside of the windshield
when the outside temperature is cold or the humidity is
high. Be sure the A/C indicator light comes on to allow
the air compressor to come on automatically to help
dehumidify the air.
DEF (Defrost): This setting directs the majority
of the airflow to the windshield with some airflow to
the side window defrosters and lower floor outlets.
To increase the fan speed, turn the AUTO FAN knob
clockwise. If defrost is selected from AUTO mode,
your automatic electronic climate control system will
automatically increase the defrost outlet temperature
and fan speed. For maximum front defrost performance
under extreme icing or frosting conditions, increase the
temperature setting to 90_F (33_C) and increase
the fan speed to high.
Even though A/C is not selected, in front defrost
mode the A/C compressor will run automatically
at temperatures over approximately 40_F (4_C) to
improve windshield clearing performance. This
dehumidifies the air to help dry the windshield.
Even though the compressor may be running,
the A/C indicator light will not come on in front
defrost unless you select A/C.
3-5
RECIRC: Press this button to limit the amount
of outside air entering your vehicle. This is helpful when
you are trying to cool the interior of the vehicle quickly
or limit the amount of outside air entering your vehicle
for some other reason. The RECIRC button and the
AUTO-PUSH knob may be selected at the same time.
The system will remain in RECIRC until the ignition
is turned off, then the system will return back to the
previously selected mode. RECIRC may be selected
in all manual airflow modes except front defrost.
When the weather is cool or damp, operating in
RECIRC for extended periods of time may cause
fogging of the vehicle’s windows. To clear the fog,
switch back to outside air by turning off RECIRC,
select either DEFOG or front defrost mode and increase
the fan speed. To avoid refogging of the windows,
minimize your use of RECIRC under these conditions
and turn the A/C on to help dehumidify the air.
A/C: Press this button to turn the air conditioning
compressor on and off. If the system is operating in
the automatic mode, the A/C indicator light will
automatically illuminate. In the auto mode, the
A/C compressor will only operate when the system
determines it is needed.
3-6
OFF: Turn the AUTO-PUSH knob to OFF. Turning
the system off will cause the fan to turn off and the
airflow to be directed out the lower floor outlets. The
system will still try to keep the interior of the vehicle
at the previously chosen comfort setting. The outside
temperature will show in the display when the system
is set to OFF.
Air Conditioning
The air conditioner cools and dehumidifies the air for
the inside of the vehicle.
The air conditioning compressor is enabled in all
modes unless the A/C button is in the off position
(the indicator light will not be illuminated). However,
the air conditioning compressor will not operate when
the outside temperature is below 34_F (1_C). When
the air conditioner is on, you may sometimes notice
slight changes in your vehicle’s engine speed and power.
This is normal, because the system is designed to cycle
the compressor on and off to keep the desired cooling
and help fuel economy.
On very hot days, open the windows long enough to
let the hot air out. This reduces the time required to
cool the interior of the vehicle to a comfortable level.
If the system is in the automatic mode (AUTO-PUSH
knob indicator light is on), during very hot days the
system will automatically go to the RECIRC mode and
the temperature door will initially be at the full cold
position for maximum cooling. You can choose the
extreme comfort setting of 60_F (16_C), but the
system will not cool any faster by choosing the extreme
comfort setting.
Heating
In cold weather, if the automatic mode is selected
(AUTO-PUSH knob indicator light is on), the system
will automatically direct the airflow out of the lower
floor outlets and the temperature door will initially be
positioned at the full hot position. You can choose the
extreme comfort setting of 90_F (32_C), but the
system will not warm up any faster by selecting the
extreme comfort setting.
In cold weather, the system will delay turning on the
fan to avoid blowing cold air. The length of the delay
depends on the engine coolant temperature and the
outside temperature. The fan speed will increase as the
temperature of the engine coolant increases. Turning the
AUTO FAN knob will override this delay by turning
off the automatic fan control mode and changing the
fan speed.
Defogging and Defrosting
On cool, humid days, use the defog setting to keep
the windows clear while also providing heat through the
lower outlets. Turn the AUTO-PUSH knob clockwise to
DEF to quickly remove fog or ice from the windshield.
For maximum front defrost performance under extreme
icing or frosting conditions, increase the temperature
setting to 90_F (33_C) and increase the fan speed
to high.
3-7
Rear Window Defogger
REAR: Press this
button to warm the
defogger grid on the
rear window. An
indicator light below
the button will glow
while the rear window
defogger is operating.
At speeds above 30 mph (48 km/h), the rear defogger
will stay on until you press the REAR button again.
At speeds below 30 mph (48 km/h), the rear window
defogger will turn off automatically after about
10 minutes of use. If you press it again, the defogger
will operate for about five minutes only. You can also
turn the defogger off by turning off the ignition.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Passenger Temperature Control (Option)
With this feature, the right
front seat passenger can
control the comfort setting
for their own zone. To use
this feature, turn the knob
on the passenger’s door to
a cooler or warmer setting.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license across the
defogger grid on the rear window.
When you operate the rear window defogger, the outside
rearview mirrors are also heated to help remove ice and
fog if your vehicle is equipped with heated outside
rearview mirrors. For more information see “Heated
Outside Rearview Mirror” in the Index.
3-8
The temperature can be set up to 8_F (4_C) cooler or
warmer than the main setting.
Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system always
allows filtered outside air to flow through your vehicle
when it is moving, even when the system is off.
The direction of the air
can be controlled by
adjusting or closing
the outlets in the
instrument panel.
Turn the control between the rear outlets up to direct air
through the upper outlets. Turn the control down to direct
air through the lower outlets. Adjust the direction of
airflow from side to side with the controls in each outlet.
Turn the thumbwheel between the front outlets to open
and close the outlets. Adjust the direction of airflow
from side to side with the controls in each outlet.
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet area between the base
of the windshield and the hood free of ice, snow, or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The defroster
and heater will work far better, reducing the chance of
fogging the inside of your windows, if this area is clear.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear of objects.
This helps air to circulate throughout your vehicle.
3-9
Steering Wheel Controls for Climate Control
Some heating and cooling
controls can be adjusted
at the steering wheel.
Other touch controls
also operate some audio
controls. See “Audio
Steering Wheel Controls”
later in this section.
Press the upper part of the fan symbol button to override
the automatic fan control and increase the fan speed.
Press the lower part of the fan symbol button to override
the automatic fan control and reduce the fan speed.
Press either arrow on the TEMP button once to display
your current comfort setting in the digital display. Press
the upper part of the TEMP button again to provide a
warmer comfort setting or press the lower part of the
TEMP button again to provide a cooler comfort setting.
3-10
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Setting the Clock
Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears. The
letters AM or PM will appear on the display. Then, press
and hold MN until the correct minute appears. The clock
may be set with the ignition on or off. In addition, the
clock can also be automatically set, when tuned to an
RDS station that is broadcasting time, by pressing and
holding the HR and the MN button at the same time.
The display will show TIME UPDATED. If there is no
time available, NO UPDATE will be displayed.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Programmable
Equalization and Radio Data System (RDS)
to select MIN, MED or MAX. Each choice allows for
more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then,
as you drive, SCV automatically increases the volume,
as necessary, to overcome noise at any particular speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. If you don’t want to use SCV, select OFF.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME-POWER: Press this knob to turn the system
on and off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
SCV: Your system has a feature called Speed-Compensated
Volume (SCV). With SCV, your audio system adjusts
automatically to make up for road and wind noise as you
drive. Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button
SCAN: Press and hold the SEEK button for two seconds
until SCAN appears on the display and you hear a beep.
Use SCAN to listen to stations for a few seconds. The
radio will go to a station, stop for a few seconds, then go
on to the next station. Press the SEEK button again to
stop scanning. If you press SEEK for more than four
seconds, the radio will change to PRESET SCAN mode.
The sound will mute while scanning and SC will appear
in the display.
3-11
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press the AUDIO button until BASS appears on
the display. Turn the audio knob to increase or decrease
bass. When you use this control, the radio’s tone setting
will switch to manual.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization that best
suits the type of station selected.
MID: Press the AUDIO button until MID appears on
the display. Turn the audio knob to increase or decrease
bass. When you use this control, the radio’s tone setting
will switch to manual.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered button, the station you set will return
and the equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that button.
TREB: Press the AUDIO button until TREB appears
on the display. Turn the audio knob to increase or
decrease treble. When you use this control, the radio’s
tone setting will switch to manual. If a station is weak or
noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Pressing and holding the AUDIO button for at least
two seconds will return all tone settings, including
BALANCE and FADE to FLAT.
3. Tune in the desired station.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold the SEEK button for
more than four seconds until you hear a double beep and
PRESET SCAN appears in the display. Use PRESET
SCAN to listen to each of your preset stations for a
few seconds. The radio will go to the first preset station
stored on your pushbuttons, stop for a few seconds, then
go on to the next preset station. Press the SEEK button
again to stop scanning presets.
3-12
AUTO EQ: This feature allows you to choose preset
bass, mid and treble equalization settings designed for
country, jazz, talk, pop, rock and classical stations.
The last setting will appear on the display when you
first press AUTO EQ. Each time you press AUTO EQ,
another setting will appear on the display. Press AUTO EQ
again after TALK appears and MANUAL will appear.
Tone control will return to the BASS, MID and TREB.
Also, if you use BASS, MID, and TREB, the radio’s
tone setting will switch to manual and MANUAL will
appear on the display.
Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful
new features. With RDS, the radio can:
D Seek only to RDS stations with the types of
programs you want to listen to,
D seek to RDS stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from RDS radio stations.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, please contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY)
for their current programming.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. The traffic announcement brackets will
appear on the display. TRAF will appear on the display
if the tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that
does. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is
found, NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station or a related network station, you will hear
it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or
compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or compact
disc player was being used, the tape or compact disc
will stay in the player and resume play at the point
where it stopped.
3-13
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO
will appear on the display. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press this
button again. A new group of words will appear on the
display. Once the complete message has been displayed,
INFO will disappear from the display until another new
message is received.
P-TYPE: This button is used to turn on and off
Program Type (PTY) select. The PTY icon and the light
next to the button will turn on. The last selected PTY
will appear on the display for five seconds. Turn the
P-TYPE knob to select the PTY you want to listen to.
Press SEEK or SCAN to find radio stations of the PTY
you want to listen to. The last PTY selected will be used
for seek or scan modes. If a station with the selected
PTY is not found, NONE FOUND will appear on the
display. If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio
will search for stations with traffic announcements and
the selected PTY.
3-14
To use the P-TYPE interrupt feature, press and hold the
P-TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY you
want to interrupt on. An asterisk will appear next to the
PTY name (for example CLASSICAL*). When you are
listening to a cassette or compact disc, the last selected
RDS FM station will interrupt play if that selected PTY
format is broadcast.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. You can set
up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Press P-TYPE, if it is not already on.
2. Press AM-FM to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered button, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows
the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same
broadcast. Press and hold AM-FM for two seconds to
turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear on the
display. The radio may switch to stronger stations with
the same broadcast. Press and hold AM-FM again for
two seconds to turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF
will appear on the display. The radio will not switch to
other stations. When you turn the ignition off and
then on again, the alternate frequency feature will
automatically be turned on.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL-FADE: The AUDIO button adjusts balance and
fade. To adjust balance, press and hold the AUDIO
button until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob
to adjust the sound to the left or right speakers. The
middle position balances the sound between the speakers.
To adjust fade, press and hold the AUDIO button until
FAD appears on the display. Turn the knob to adjust the
sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle position
balances the sound between the speakers.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the
tape can be inserted and will begin playing. If you hear
nothing but a garbled sound, the tape may not be in
squarely. Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
3-15
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FAD, BAL,
TREB, MID, BASS, AUTO EQ, SEEK and SCAN
controls just as you do for the radio. The display will
show TAPE and an arrow showing which side of the tape
is playing. The tape player automatically begins playing
the other side when it reaches the end of the tape.
Your tape bias is set automatically when a metal or
chrome tape is inserted. If you want to insert a tape
when the ignition is off, first press EJECT or the
RCL button.
If an error appears on the radio display, the tape won’t
play because of an error.
TIGHT TAPE is displayed when the tape is tight and the
player can’t turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold
the tape with the open end down and try to turn the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may
be damaged and should not be used in the player. Try a
new tape to make sure your player is working properly.
BROKEN TAPE is displayed when the tape is broken.
Try a new tape.
WRAPPED is displayed when the tape is wrapped
around the tape head. Attempt to get the cassette out.
Try a new tape.
3-16
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide
it to your dealer when reporting the problem.
REV (1): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play the last selected station while the tape reverses. You
may select stations during REV operation by using the
TUNE knob.
FWD (2): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. The radio will play the last selected
station while the tape advances. You may select stations
during FWD operation by using the TUNE knob.
D
(3): Press this button to reduce background noise.
DOLBY B ON will appear on the display with the
Dolby icon. Press it again to turn Dolby off.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
SIDE (5): Press this button to play the other side
of the tape.
AUTO EQ: Press AUTO EQ to select the desired
preset equalization setting while playing a cassette tape.
The equalization will be automatically set whenever you
play a cassette tape.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to search for the next
or previous selection on the tape. Your tape must have at
least three seconds of silence between each selection for
SEEK to work. You can skip nine selections up or down
on the tape. Choose how many selections you want to
skip. Press the SEEK arrow that many times. The number
of selections to be skipped will appear on the display.
SCAN: Press and hold the SEEK button for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep and SCAN appears
in the display. Use SCAN to listen to each selection for a
few seconds. The tape will go to the next selection, stop
for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when
a tape is in the player. The tape will stop but remain in
the player.
TP-CD: With a compact disc in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a compact disc.
Press AM-FM to return to the radio when a compact
disc is playing. Press TP-CD to switch between the
tape and compact disc if both are loaded. The inactive
tape or CD will remain safely inside the radio for future
listening. The display will show TAPE and CD icons.
If you have the optional CD changer and the CD
changer is loaded, the TP-CD button will activate the
changer and an icon will be lit in the display.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The
radio will play. EJECT may be activated with either the
ignition or radio off. Cassettes may be loaded with the
radio and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
CLEAN PLAYR: If this message appears on the
display, the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon
as possible to prevent damage to the tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLEAN PLAYR indicator.
The radio will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
3-17
Playing a Compact Disc
With the ignition on, insert a disc partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull it in and the disc
should begin playing. If you want to insert a CD when
the ignition is off, first press EJECT or the RCL knob.
Note that when the disc is inserted, the CD symbol will
be displayed. If you select an EQ setting for your CD,
it will be activated each time you play a CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
If CHECK CD appears on the radio display and the disc
comes out, it could be that:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when
the road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
3-18
REV (1): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced volume.
The display will show elapsed time. Release it to play
the passage.
FWD (2): Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced volume.
The display will show elapsed time. Release it to play
the passage.
RDM (4): Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM and the track number
will appear on the display.
AUTO EQ: Press AUTO EQ to select the desired
preset equalization setting while playing a compact disc.
The equalization will be automatically set whenever you
play a compact disc.
SEEK: Press the reverse arrow while playing a CD to
go to the start of the current track if more than eight
seconds have played. Press the forward arrow to go to
the next track. If you hold the button or press it more
than once, the player will continue moving backward or
forward through the disc.
SCAN: Press and hold the SEEK button for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep and SCAN and the
track number appear in the display. Use SCAN to listen
to each selection for a few seconds. The disc will go to
the next selection, stop for a few seconds, then go on
to the next selection. Press this button again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning. SCAN
and the track number will appear on the display.
RCL: Press this button to see how long the current track
has been playing. To change what is normally shown on
the display (track or elapsed time), press the button until
you see the display you want, then hold the button until
the display flashes. While elapsed time is showing,
CD TIME will appear on the display.
TP-CD: With a cassette tape in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a cassette tape. Press
AM-FM to return to the radio when a cassette tape is
playing. Press TP-CD to switch between the tape and
compact disc if both are loaded. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
The display will show TAPE and CD icons. If you have
the optional CD changer and the CD changer is loaded,
the TP-CD button will activate the changer and an icon
will be lit in the display.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the disc. The
radio will play. EJECT may be activated with either the
ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded with the radio
and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc is in the player.
3-19
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
With the optional compact disc changer, you can play
up to 12 discs continuously. Normal size discs may be
played using the trays supplied in the magazine.
3-20
You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Each of the 12 trays holds
one disc. Load the trays from top to bottom, placing a
disc on the tray label side up. If you load a disc label
side down, the disc will not play and an error will occur.
Gently push the tray back into the magazine slot until it
locks into place. Repeat this procedure for loading up to
12 discs in the magazine.
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer in the direction of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the right.
When the door is closed, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one and a half minutes depending on the
number of discs loaded.
To eject the magazine from the player, slide the CD
changer door all the way open. The magazine will
automatically eject. Remember to keep the door closed
whenever possible to keep dirt and dust from getting
inside the changer.
3-21
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons except for ejecting the magazine. Whenever a
CD magazine with discs is loaded in the changer, the
compact disc symbol will appear on the radio display.
If the CD changer is checking the magazine for CDs,
the compact disc symbol will flash on the display until
the changer is ready to play. If CD changer mode is
entered during initialization, LOADING will appear on
the display. When a CD begins playing, a disc and track
number will be displayed. The disc numbers are listed
on the front of the magazine.
Compact Disc Errors
If an error appears on the display, an error has occurred
and the compact disc temporarily cannot play.
The CD changer will send an error message to the
receiver to indicate:
D PLAYER OPEN: CD Changer Door Open.
Completely close the door to restore
normal operation.
D NO CD’S: CD Changer Cartridge Empty.
Try the magazine again with a disc loaded on
one of the trays.
3-22
CHECK CD #: If this error message is displayed while
trying to play a CD in the compact disc player or changer,
the following conditions may have caused the error:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when
the road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
Playing a Compact Disc
REV (1): Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
within a track. As the CD reverses, elapsed time will be
displayed with a flashing arrow to help you find the
correct passage.
FWD (2): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track. As the CD advances, elapsed time will be
displayed with a flashing arrow to help you find the
correct passage.
D
(3): No function when in CD changer mode.
RDM (4): Press this button to enter the random play
mode. RANDOM ALL will appear on the display.
While in this mode, the tracks on all of the discs will be
played in random order. Press and hold this button to
enter the single-disc random play mode. RANDOM
ONE will appear on the display and a chime will sound.
Press this button again to turn off the random feature
and return to normal operation.
SIDE (5): Press this button to select the next disc
in the magazine. Each time you press SIDE, the disc
number on the radio display will go to that of the next
available CD.
(6): Press this button to select the previous disc
in the magazine. Each time (6) is pressed, the disc
number on the radio display will go to that of the
previous available CD.
RCL: Press this button to see how long the current
track has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
button until you see the display you want, then hold the
button until the display flashes. While elapsed time is
showing, EL TM will appear on the display.
SEEK: Press the SEEK reverse arrow while playing a
CD to go back to the start of the current track if more
than eight seconds have played. Press the SEEK forward
arrow and it will go to the next higher track on the disc.
If the button is pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving backward or forward through the disc.
TRACK SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for two seconds until TRACK SCAN appears
on the display and a chime is heard. The first few
seconds of each track on the current disc will be played.
The sound will mute while scanning. The SCAN icon
will be lit and a “T” will blink to indicate track scan
mode. Press SEEK again to stop TRACK SCAN.
DISC SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows
for four seconds until DISC SCAN appears on the
display and a double chime is heard. The first few
seconds of each disc will be heard. The sound will mute
while scanning. The SCAN icon will be lit and a “D”
will blink to indicate disc scan mode. Press SEEK again
to stop DISC SCAN.
TP-CD: Press this button to play a CD if you have a
magazine loaded in the changer and the radio is playing.
To return to the radio while a CD is playing, press
AM-FM. You can also press this button to switch
between a cassette tape, CD or the CD changer if all
three are loaded.
3-23
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of
your radio. It works by using a secret code to disable
all radio functions whenever battery power is removed
and the radio is placed in a different vehicle. This
feature requires no user input to be activated. It is
automatically armed when it is put into the vehicle for
the first time.
Some steering wheel
controls operate climate
controls. See “Steering
Wheel Controls for
Climate Control” earlier
in this section.
When the radio is turned off, the blinking red light
indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
If THEFTLOCK is activated, your radio will not operate
if stolen. The radio will display LOC and a red LED
indicator light will come on above the THEFTLOCK
logo to indicate a locked condition. If this occurs,
the radio will have to be returned to the dealer.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
With this feature, you can control certain radio functions
using the buttons on your steering wheel.
3-24
VOL: Press the up or down arrow to increase or
decrease volume.
SEEK: Press this button to tune to the next strong
radio station. When playing a cassette tape or compact
disc, press SEEK to hear the next selection. There must
be at least a three-second gap between selections on a
cassette tape.
PROG: Press this button to tune in the next preset
radio station. When playing a cassette tape, press PROG
to hear the other side of a tape that is playing. When
listening to a disc in the CD changer, press PROG to
select the next loaded disc.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can cause
stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick up
noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
Cellular Phone Usage
Cellular phone usage may cause interference with your
vehicle’s radio. This interference may occur when making
or receiving phone calls, charging the phone’s battery or
simply having the phone “on”. This interference is
described as an increased level of static while listening to
the radio. If you notice static while listening to the radio,
unplug the cellular phone and turn it off.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be
loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important
to do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s
engine, Delphi Delco Electronics radio or other
systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle’s
systems may interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
3-25
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after
every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN
PLAYR to indicate that you have used your tape player
for 50 hours without cleaning and resetting the tape
clean timer. If this message appears on the display,
your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette
to see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this
other cassette has no improvement in sound quality,
clean the tape player.
3-26
The recommended cleaning method for your
cassette tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken tape.
If the cleaning cassette ejects, insert the cassette at least
three times to ensure thorough cleaning.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLEAN PLAYR indicator.
The radio will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antennas are located in the front
windshield and rear window. Be sure that the inside
surfaces of the front windshield and rear window are
not scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surfaces are damaged, they
could interfere with radio reception. Also, for proper
radio reception, the antenna connector at the top-center
of the front windshield and the antenna connector at
the top-center of the rear window need to be properly
attached to the posts on the glass.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-27
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that a
defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true, the
grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone to
your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to the
glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid lines for
the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular telephone
antenna over the grid lines.
3-28
Chime Level Adjustment
The volume level of the vehicle’s chimes can be
controlled by the radio. To change the volume level,
press and hold pushbutton 6 with the ignition on
and the radio power off. The chime volume level will
change from the normal level to loud, and LOUD will
be displayed on the radio. To change back to the default
or normal setting, press and hold pushbutton 6 again.
The chime level will change from the loud level to
normal, and NORMAL will be displayed.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-17
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-25
4-28
4-29
4-31
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to
brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor -- makes proper defensive driving more
difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or
pull off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, over 17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol,
so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
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Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that
a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who consumes food just before or during
drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
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But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you’re with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up
your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second.
But that’s only an average. It might be less with one
driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with
the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or gravel);
the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire tread; the
condition of your brakes; the weight of the vehicle and
the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s easy
to ask more of those control systems than the tires and
road can provide. That means you can lose control of your
vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System” in the Index.
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Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to
cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out
much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you
keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and longer
brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the
brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will stay
on. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light”
in the Index.
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The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-8
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear
a motor or clicking noise during a hard stop, but this
is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
This light will come
on when your traction
control system is limiting
wheel spin. See “Traction
Control System Active
Light” in the Index.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control”
in the Index.
4-9
This light should come on
briefly when you start
the engine. If it stays on
or comes on while you
are driving, there’s a
problem with your
traction control system.
To turn the system off,
press the TC button on the
center console.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will
not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets
stuck in sand, mud, ice or snow. See “Rocking Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
4-10
The traction control system warning light will come
on and stay on. If the system is limiting wheel spin
when you press the button, the warning light will
come on -- but the system won’t turn off right
away. It will wait until there’s no longer a current
need to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by
pressing the button again. The traction control system
warning light should go off.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Magnetic-Speed Variable Assist Steering
Your vehicle is equipped with a steering system that
continuously adjusts the effort you feel when steering
at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease when parking yet
a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control. Refer to
“Traction Control System” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
ACTIVE message on the Driver Information Center.
See “Stability Active Message” in the Index.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
4-11
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly
pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from
between parked cars and stops right in front of you.
You can avoid these problems by braking -- if you
can stop in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t
room. That’s the time for evasive action -- steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left
or right depending on the space available.
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An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
4-13
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-14
D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing,
it may be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens
when the three control systems (brakes, steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires
meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive
drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited
to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving” those
conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid,
too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot
off the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
If your traction control system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
ACTIVE message on the Driver Information Center.
See “Stability Active Message” in the Index.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to
slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until
your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-15
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired -- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
4-16
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t
lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed
headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring directly
into the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
4-17
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank
filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start
to separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
4-18
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or standing water, water can come in through
your engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants could
drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs, and
otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth. See “Tires”
in the Index.
4-19
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You’ll save time and energy.
See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start
to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out
for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-20
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to
the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as
you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin
to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close
to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal,
check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as
often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over
your shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle
in your “blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to the next exit.
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The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
The exit speed is usually posted.
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a
day’s work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and
shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Oldsmobile dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
4-22
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let
it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise,
or both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway
as an emergency.
4-23
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can
make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Shift down to let your engine assist
your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
D Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest
gear possible.
D Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
D As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
D You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding roads.
Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-24
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
4-25
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and the
road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a
lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow or
ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even
more trouble because it may offer the least traction of all.
4-26
You can get wet ice when it’s about freezing (32_F; 0_C)
and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving on
wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on. It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery road. Even
though your vehicle has a traction control system, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. See “Traction Control System” in the Index.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
D Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until
you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise
clear road, ice patches may appear in shaded areas
where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of trees,
behind buildings or under bridges. Sometimes the
surface of a curve or an overpass may remain icy
when the surrounding roads are clear. If you see a
patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it.
Try not to brake while you’re actually on the ice, and
avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and
your passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-27
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly.
This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it
keeps the battery charged. You will need a well-charged
battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling
later on with your headlamps. Let the heater run for
a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
4-28
Loading Your Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label,
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door, tells you
the proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressure for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo, and all
nonfactory-installed options.
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread
it out. Don’t carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kg) in
your trunk.
4-29
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or components
that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
4-30
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn,
or in a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It is automatic -- you don’t need to
adjust anything.
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well -- or even at all.
You and your passengers could be seriously
injured. You may also damage your vehicle; the
resulting repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Pull a trailer only if you have followed
all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with
the proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what
the vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that
of your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
4-31
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h), to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
4-32
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1000 lbs. (450 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example,
speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and
how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
important. And, it can also depend on any special
equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Customer Assistance Representative
Oldsmobile Customer Assistance Network
16 E. Judson Street
P.O. Box 436006
Pontiac, MI 48343-6006
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight of
your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes
the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry
in it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle.
And if you tow a trailer, you must add the tongue load
to the GVW because your vehicle will be carrying that
weight, too. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index
for more information about your vehicle’s maximum
load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
4-33
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Safety Chains
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your
vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
Trailer Brakes
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended
Does your trailer have its own brakes?
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap
into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you
do, then be sure to seal the holes later when you
remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the
Index. Dirt and water can, too.
4-34
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly.
Trailer Wiring Harness
Following Distance
All of the electrical circuits required for your trailer
lighting system can be accessed at the driver’s side rear
lamp connector. This connector is located under the
carpet in the rear corner of the trunk compartment.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Driving with a Trailer
Passing
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to
get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel
of handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you
are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good
deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond
the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving
and then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be
sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that
hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move
your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and,
if possible, have someone guide you.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-35
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel
will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes
or stop.
4-36
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with
a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review this information before you start
your trip.
5. Release the regular brakes.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
D Start your engine;
D Shift into a gear; and
D Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
4-37
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-8
5-9
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-12
5-18
5-18
5-28
5-29
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck In: Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
To turn on the hazard warning flashers, press and release
the button located in the center of the instrument panel.
The indicators for the turn signals will flash on and off.
Your hazard flashers work no matter what position your
key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
To turn off the flashers, press the button down again.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
When the flashers are on, your turn signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
5-2
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. But please use the following steps to do it safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear or
light yellow. Replace the battery when there is
a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
5-3
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle
in PARK (P) and a manual transaxle in NEUTRAL
before setting the parking brake.
5-4
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or accessory power outlet. Turn off all lamps
that aren’t needed as well as radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. In addition, it
could save your radio.
4. Open the hoods and locate the other vehicle’s battery
and your vehicle’s remote positive (+) jump starting
terminal in the box on the passenger side of the
engine compartment. (Your vehicle’s battery isn’t
under the hood.)
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery or remote terminal. You should always
use the remote positive (+) terminal instead of the
positive (+) terminal on your battery.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for more information on location.
Lift and move the red
positive (+) remote
terminal cover away
from the relay center.
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-5
6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could also be damaged.
Before you connect the cables, here are some things
you should know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+)
and negative (-) will go to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too. Also, don’t
connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-)
terminal on the dead battery.
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5-6
7. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to
the remote positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle
with the dead battery.
8. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
9. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end of the negative (-) cable
touch anything until the next step. The other end of
the negative (-) cable doesn’t go to the dead battery.
10. If you have the 3.5L V6 engine, it goes to a heavy,
unpainted metal part on the engine of the vehicle
with the dead battery. Don’t allow the red and black
handles in the jumper cable to touch each other.
If you have the 4.0L V8
engine, your vehicle has
a remote negative terminal,
marked “GND”, located
near the power steering
fluid reservoir. Attach
the cable to the remote
negative terminal provided.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for more information on location.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-7
13. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t
touch each other or any other metal. Replace the
red positive (+)remote terminal cover to its
original position.
Towing Your Vehicle
CAUTION:
To help avoid serious personal injury to you
or others:
D Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
D Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
D Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
D Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
D Always secure the vehicle on each side
with separate safety chains when towing it.
D Use only the correct hooks.
A. Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery
C. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
5-8
NOTICE:
Use the proper towing equipment to avoid
damage to the bumper, fascia or fog lamp areas
of the vehicle.
With current trends in automotive styles and design,
it is essential that the correct towing equipment is used
to tow a vehicle. Your vehicle can be towed with
wheel-lift or car-carrier equipment only.
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your vehicle towed. See “Roadside
Assistance” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. Your driver information center
will also display messages about engine overheating.
See “Engine Coolant Temperature Gage” in the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
Should an overheated engine condition exist and the
message HOT STOP ENGINE is displayed, an overheat
protection mode which alternates firing groups of
cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this mode,
you will notice a loss in power and engine performance.
This operating mode allows your vehicle to be driven
to a safe place in an emergency; you may drive up to
50 miles (80 km). Towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow the
engine to cool before attempting any repair. The
engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair the
cause of coolant loss, change the oil and reset the
oil life indicator. See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
5-9
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle
until the engine is cool. See “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-10
NOTICE:
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D)
or THIRD (3).
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously
in this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-11
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Two Electric Engine Cooling Fans
5-12
A low coolant level should be indicated by a CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message on the Driver Information
Center. If it is, you may have a leak in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in the cooling system.
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine parts,
can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If you do, you
can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fans are
running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should
be running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
5-13
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at at the proper level (below the base of the filler
neck), add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant at the coolant surge tank,
but be sure the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is cool before you do it. See
“Engine Coolant” in the Index for more information.
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge
tank pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-14
CAUTION: (Continued)
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system
and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you
ever have to turn the pressure cap.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
So use the recommended coolant.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-15
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure
cap when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) about one-quarter turn and
then stop.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-16
3. Then fill the coolant
surge tank with the
proper mixture, to the
base of the filler neck.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start
the engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine
cooling fans.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the arrows on
the pressure cap line up like this.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
5-17
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a
few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in
a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-18
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Instructions for changing your tires are on the inside of
the tire cover. You can rest the cover near you for easy
reference while you change the tire.
1. Lift the tire cover to gain access to the spare tire
and jacking equipment. See “Compact Spare Tire”
later in this section for more information about the
compact spare.
5-19
2. Remove the wheel wrench and jack from the
jack container.
Removing the Wheel Cover
3. Remove the spare tire from the trunk.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and the
wheel wrench (B).
5-20
Insert the hooked end of the wheel wrench in one of the
two small notches in the center cover and pry the cover
off. Do not drop the cover or lay it face down, as it
could be scratched or damaged.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
3. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise by hand to
lower the jack head until it fits under the vehicle.
1. Position the wheel wrench securely over the wheel
nuts to loosen, but don’t remove them.
2. Attach the wheel wrench to the bolt on the end of
the jack to create a jack handle.
5-21
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
4. Near each wheel well is a notch in the frame to
position the jack head. Position the jack under the
vehicle and raise the jack head until it fits firmly
against the sheet metal. Do not raise the vehicle yet.
Put the compact spare near you.
5-22
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and
vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head into
the proper location before raising the vehicle.
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise on the jack. Raise the vehicle far enough
off the ground so there’s enough room for the spare
tire to fit.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
5-23
8. Place the spare tire on the wheel-mounting surface.
9. Put the wheel nuts back
on with the rounded end
of the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
If a nut cannot be tightened by hand, use the wheel
wrench, and see your dealer right away.
5-24
10. Lower the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise on the jack. Lower the
jack completely.
11. Using the wheel
wrench, tighten the
wheel nuts firmly in
a crisscross sequence
as shown.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
12. When the flat tire has been repaired or replaced,
install the wheel cover. Be sure to position the
alignment pin on the cover with the notch in the
wheel. Apply pressure around the edge of the cap to
snap it in place. Do not use a hammer or mallet to
install the cover.
Store the wheel cover in the trunk until you have
replaced the compact spare tire with a regular tire.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-25
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk as possible.
Store the jack and wheel wrench in their compartment in
the trunk. For storage, the jack must be raised until the
screw end is flush with the edge of the jack.
5-26
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
The compact spare tire is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as
soon as you can. See “Compact Spare Tire” later in
this section. See the storage instructions label to replace
your compact spare into your trunk properly.
5-27
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. You must calibrate
the Check Tire Pressure System after installing or
removing the compact spare. See “Check Tire Pressure
System” in the Index. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can.
Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in case
you need it again.
5-28
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel, and
maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin
your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. You should turn
your traction control system off. See “Traction Control
System” in the Index. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will
cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
5-29
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-10
6-10
6-15
6-20
6-23
6-26
6-31
6-32
6-35
6-37
6-48
Service
Fuel
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Tires
6-58
6-58
6-62
6-64
6-64
6-65
6-66
6-67
6-71
6-75
6-76
6-78
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Electrical System
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Fuel
If you have the 3.5L V6 engine (VIN Code H), use
regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher.
If you have the 4.0L V8 engine (VIN Code C), use
premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or higher
for best performance. You may use middle grade or
regular unleaded gasolines, but your vehicle’s
acceleration may be slightly reduced.
It is recommended that the gasoline meet specifications
which have been developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association (AAMA) and endorsed by the
Canadian Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association for
better vehicle performance and engine protection.
Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane for premium is at least 91
(at least 89 for middle grade and 87 for regular). If the
octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking
noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage
your engine.
6-3
If you’re using fuel rated at the recommended octane or
higher and you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service. But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging
noise when you’re accelerating or driving up a hill.
That’s normal, and you don’t have to buy a higher
octane fuel to get rid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant
knock that means you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. See “Malfunction
Indicator Lamp” in the Index.
6-4
If this occurs, return to your authorized Oldsmobile
dealer for diagnosis to determine the cause of failure. In
the event it is determined that the cause of the condition
is the type of fuels used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT);
ask your service station operator whether or not the fuel
contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the
use of such gasolines. If fuels containing MMT are used,
spark plug life may be reduced and your emission control
system performance may be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp on your instrument panel may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized Oldsmobile dealer
for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that
you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with
the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
6-5
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s side of
the vehicle.
6-6
To open the fuel door, press
the button located on the
driver’s door trim near the
trunk release button.
The ignition does not need to be on. The remote fuel
door release will work in all transaxle positions. The
trunk release lockout switch must be in OFF for the fuel
door to open.
The fuel door can be opened manually in case of an
electrical power failure.
To do so, first open the
trunk. The release
mechanism is located on the
driver’s side of the vehicle,
at the top of the trunk
compartment. Pull the tab
toward you to release the
fuel door.
NOTICE:
Prying on a locked fuel filler door could damage
it. Use the remote fuel door manual release
located in the trunk.
6-7
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
While refueling, hang the tethered cap from the hook on
the fuel door.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
6-8
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
The CHECK GAS CAP DIC message will come on if
the fuel cap is not properly reinstalled.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-9
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-10
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull
the hood release handle,
located to the left of the
steering wheel under the
instrument panel.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and pull up on the
secondary hood release.
Lift the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on
properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
6-11
Engine Compartment Overview
3.5L V6 Engine
When you open the hood, you’ll see:
6-12
A. Underhood Bussed Electrical Center
G. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
B. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
H. Engine Oil Fill Cap
C. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
I. Engine Oil Dipstick
D. Remote Positive (+) Terminal
J. Automatic Transaxle Fluid Dipstick
E. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
K. Brake Fluid Reservoir
F. Passenger Compartment Air Filter
L. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
6-13
4.0L V8 Engine
When you open the hood, you’ll see:
A. Underhood Bussed
Electrical Center
B. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
C. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
D. Remote Positive (+)
Battery Terminal
6-14
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
F. Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
G. Remote Negative (-) Terminal
H. Engine Oil Fill Cap
I. Engine Oil Dipstick
J. Brake Fluid Reservoir
K. Automatic Transaxle
Fluid Dipstick
(near the air cleaner)
L. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The top of the engine oil
dipstick is a round
yellow loop.
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears on the
instrument panel, it means you need to check your
engine oil level right away. For more information, see
“DIC Warnings and Messages” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for
more information on location.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
6-15
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
NOTICE:
3.5L V6 Engine
4.0L V8 Engine
6-16
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
If you have your oil
changed for you, be sure
the oil put into your engine
is American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-17
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE 10W-30 if it’s going
to be 0 F (-18 C) or above. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls
below -20 F (-29 C), consider using either an
SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both
will provide easier cold starting and better protection for
your engine at extremely low temperatures.
_
6-18
_
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So, if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner. Remember to
reset the Oil Life System whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer that lets you know when to
change your engine oil. This is not based on mileage,
but on engine revolutions and engine operating
temperature. When the computer has calculated that the
oil needs changing, the GM Oil Life System will
indicate that a change is necessary. The mileage between
oil and filter changes will vary depending on how you
drive your vehicle -- usually between 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) and 10,000 miles (16 000 km) since your
last oil and filter change. Under severe conditions, the
system may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 10,000 miles
(16 000 km) or 12 months (whichever occurs first)
without an oil change.
t
Always reset the engine Oil Life System to 100% after
every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset the OIL
LIFE reminder, do the following:
1. With the ignition on, press the SELECT right
arrow button to OIL so the OIL LIFE percentage
is displayed.
2. Press RESET and hold for five seconds. OIL LIFE
XXX% will appear and then when the button is
released OIL LIFE 100% will be displayed.
6-19
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil.
If you have a problem properly disposing of your used
oil, ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
6-20
The engine air cleaner and filter are on the driver’s side of
the engine compartment. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for more information on location.
To check or replace the air filter:
1. Using a Phillips screwdriver, unscrew the two wing
screws on the outboard side of the filter cover.
2. Remove the cover.
3. Remove the air filter.
4. Install the new air filter and reverse all of the steps.
Be sure the tabs of the air cleaner cover fit into the
slots of the air cleaner housing.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can cause
a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily
get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
6-21
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
To check or replace the air filter:
The passenger compartment air filter removes certain
particles from the air, including pollen and dust particles.
Reductions in airflow, which may occur more often in
dusty areas, indicate that the filter may need to be
replaced early.
1. With the hood open, unlatch and remove the
access panel.
The filter should be replaced as part of the routine
scheduled maintenance. See “Maintenance Schedule”
in the Index for more information.
3. To install the new filter, press on the spring tab and
insert the filter into the housing. The filter should be
fully inserted into the upper and lower grooves and
locked into place by the spring tab.
The passenger compartment
air filter is located on the
passenger side at the base
of the windshield and can
be accessed through a
removable panel under the
hood of the vehicle.
See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
6-22
2. To remove the filter, press on the spring tab on
the side of the filter housing and pull the filter out of
the housing.
4. Reinstall the air filter access panel at the base of
the windshield.
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the fluid and filter at
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading on
the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-23
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
D
D
D
D
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at
normal operating temperature, which is 180_F to
200_F (82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you may
have to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
6-24
3.5L V6 Engine
4.0L V8 Engine
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for
more information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
3.5L V6 Engine
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper fluid to
bring the level into the cross-hatched area on the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
NOTICE:
4.0L V8 Engine
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower level.
The fluid level must be in the cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRONR-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
6-25
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
6-26
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
6-27
Checking Coolant
CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the base of
the filler neck.
The engine coolant surge tank is located on the
passenger’s side of the engine compartment. See
“Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
6-28
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
If the LOW ENGINE COOLANT DIC message comes
on and stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it
is hand-tight.
6-29
Cooling System Pressure Cap
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
The cooling system pressure cap is located on the
surge tank.
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or you hear
an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system could indicate
a problem. Have the system inspected and repaired.
NOTICE:
Your cooling system pressure cap is a 15 psi
(105 kPa) pressure-type cap and must be tightly
installed to prevent coolant loss and possible
engine damage from overheating.
Power Steering Fluid
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for
more information on location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up
to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-30
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID.
Add washer fluid until the tank is full.
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
Adding Washer Fluid
The windshield washer fluid
reservoir is located at the
front of the engine
compartment on the
passenger’s side. See
“Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
When the tank contains 0.5 quarts (0.5 liters) or less, the
message LOW WASHER FLUID will be displayed on
the Driver Information Center (DIC).
6-31
Brakes
Brake Fluid
See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid
only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s side of
the engine compartment. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the
reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
of the brake system. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner or later your
brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all.
6-32
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. A chime will sound if you
try to drive with this warning light on. See “Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only.
Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule.
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
6-33
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn
and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly applied.
This does not mean something is wrong with your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of this manual
under Part C “Periodic Maintenance Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-34
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco battery.
The battery is located under the rear seat cushion.
To access the battery, see “Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion” in the Index. You don’t need to access the
battery to jump start your vehicle. See “Jump Starting”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
A battery that isn’t properly vented can let
sulfuric acid fumes into the area under the rear
seat cushion. These fumes can damage your rear
seat safety belt systems. You may not be able to
see this damage, and the safety belts might not
provide the protection needed in a crash. If a
replacement battery is ever needed, it must be
vented in the same manner as the original
battery. Always make sure that the vent hose
is properly reattached before reinstalling the
seat cushion.
6-35
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or more,
remove the black, negative (-) cable from the battery.
This will help keep your battery from running down.
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached, the
vent hose connectors (B) must be securely reattached to
the vent outlets (C) on each side of the battery, and the
vent assembly grommet (D) must be secured to the
floor pan (E).
6-36
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
This section describes bulb changing procedures for
some of your interior and exterior lamps. For any bulb
changing procedure not listed in this section, contact
your dealer’s service department.
For the proper bulb type, see “Replacement Bulbs” in
the Index.
For the type of bulb to use, see “Replacement Bulbs” in
the Index.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. Remove the two bolts with a 10 mm socket.
2. Use a large screwdriver by the outside mount to
separate the lamp assembly from the outboard snap
mounting pin. Slide the headlamp assembly outward
and lift it out.
6-37
3. Disconnect the wiring harness from the
headlamp assembly.
6-38
4. Lift the tabs to remove the bulb from the assembly.
5. Replace the bulb. Push the bulb assembly in and
turn it clockwise to install the bulb assembly into the
headlamp assembly. Then reconnect the wiring
harness to the lamp assembly.
Headlamp Aiming
6. Slide the lamp assembly back into place by lining up
the track on the bottom of the assembly with the
guide on the vehicle. Then connect the outboard snap
and secure the lamp assembly with the two bolts.
Your vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system equipped with horizontal aim indicators. The
aim has been pre-set at the factory and should need
no further adjustment. This is true even though your
horizontal aim indicators may not fall exactly on
the “0” (zero) marks on their scales.
6-39
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low beam
may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers
(for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash their
high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe your
headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend that you
take your vehicle to your dealer for service. However, it
is possible for you to re-aim your headlamps as
described in the following procedure.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as follows:
D The vehicle should be placed so the headlamps are
25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light colored wall or other
flat surface.
D The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly
level surface which is level all the way to the wall or
other flat surface.
D The vehicle should be placed so it is perpendicular to
the wall or other flat surface.
NOTICE:
D The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
D The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
attached to it.
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
D The vehicle should be normally loaded with a full
tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg) on the
driver’s seat.
D Tires should be properly inflated.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle low beam
lamps. The high beam lamps will be correctly aimed if
the low beam lamps are aimed properly.
The headlamp aiming devices are under the hood near
the headlamps.
6-40
Headlamp Horizontal Aiming
Turn the horizontal aiming screw (A) until the
indicator (B) is lined up with zero.
If you believe your headlamps need horizontal
(left/right) adjustment, follow the horizontal aiming
procedure. If you believe your headlamps need only
vertical (up/down) adjustment, follow only the vertical
aiming procedure.
Adjustment screws can be turned with an E8 TorxR
socket or T15 Torx screwdriver.
Once the horizontal aim is adjusted, then adjust the
vertical aim.
6-41
Headlamp Vertical Aiming
1. Find the aim dot on the lens of the lamps.
2. Measure the distance from the ground to the aim dot
on each lamp; if left low beam, subtract two inches.
Record this distance.
6-42
3. At the wall or other flat surface, measure from the
floor to the recorded distance and draw a horizontal
line the width of the vehicle.
4. Turn on the low beam headlamps and cover the lamp
not being evaluated. The ambient light should allow
the beam cut off to be seen on the wall.
5. Turn the vertical aiming screw (C) until the
headlamp beam is aimed to the horizontal line. It is
recommended to cover the lamp that is not being
evaluated to better see the beam being aimed.
6-43
Front Turn Signals and Parking Lamps
1. Remove the two bolts with a 10 mm socket.
2. Use a large screwdriver by the outside mount to
separate the lamp assembly from the outboard snap
mounting pin. Slide the headlamp assembly outward
and lift it out.
6-44
3. Disconnect the wiring harness from the
headlamp assembly.
4. Tip the headlamp assembly and while pressing the
release, turn the bulb and socket counterclockwise to
remove them.
5. Replace the bulb and socket. Then reconnect the
wiring harness to the lamp assembly.
6. Slide the lamp assembly back into place by lining up
the track on the bottom of the assembly with the
guide on the vehicle. Then connect the outboard snap
and secure the lamp assembly with the two bolts.
6-45
Rear Turn Signals, Stoplamps, Taillamps
and Back-up Lamps
For the proper bulb type, see “Replacement Bulbs” in
the Index.
1. Open the trunk. Turn the screws located inside of the
trunk counterclockwise and remove them.
2. Remove the plastic trim piece from the trunk.
3. Pull the carpeting away from the rear corner of
the trunk.
4. Remove the three 10 mm nuts holding the lamp in
place and remove the lamp assembly.
5. While pressing the release, turn the bulb socket
assembly counterclockwise to remove it from the
lamp assembly.
6. Pull the bulb straight out to remove it from the socket.
7. Replace the bulb and reverse the steps to reinstall the
lamp assembly.
6-46
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Index for more information.
To replace the wiper blade assembly:
1. Lift the wiper arm up from the windshield and set it
in the vertically locked position.
2. Push the tab on the wiper blade assembly and pull
the assembly down enough to release it from the
“U” hooked end of the wiper arm. Slide the
assembly away from the arm.
3. Remove the blade.
4. To reinstall the wiper blade assembly, slide it over
the wiper arm to engage the “U” hooked end on the
wiper blade assembly. Pull up on the assembly to
lock it into place.
For the proper windshield wiper blade replacement
length and type, see “Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts” in the Index.
6-47
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your Oldsmobile Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause overheating
as a result of too much friction. You could
have an air-out and a serious accident.
See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-48
D
D
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to
be cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the
rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
6-49
Check Tire Pressure System
The check tire pressure system can alert you to a large
change in the pressure of one tire. The system won’t
alert you before you drive that a tire is low or flat.
You must begin driving before the system will
work properly.
The LOW TIRE PRESSURE message will appear
on the Driver Information Center (DIC) if pressure
difference (low pressure) is detected in one tire.
The check tire pressure system may not alert you if:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
more than one tire is low,
the vehicle is moving faster than 65 mph (105 km/h),
the system is not yet calibrated,
the tire treadwear is uneven,
the compact spare tire is installed,
tire chains are being used, or
the vehicle is being driven on a rough or frozen road.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light comes on, the
check tire pressure system may not be working properly.
See your dealer for service. Also, see “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
6-50
The check tire pressure system detects differences
in tire rotation speeds that are caused by changes in
tire pressure. The system can alert you about a low
tire -- but it doesn’t replace normal tire maintenance.
See “Tires” in the Index.
When the LOW TIRE PRESSURE message appears on
the Driver Information Center, you should stop as soon
as you can and check all your tires for damage. If a tire
is flat, see “If a Tire Goes Flat” in the Index. Also check
the tire pressure in all four tires as soon as you can. See
“Inflation-Tire Pressure” in the Index.
Any time you adjust a tire’s pressure or have one or
more tires repaired or replaced, you’ll need to reset
(calibrate) the check tire pressure system. You’ll also
need to reset the system whenever you rotate the tires,
buy new tires, install or remove the compact spare, and
whenever the vehicle’s battery has been disconnected.
Don’t reset the check tire pressure system without first
correcting the cause of the problem and checking and
adjusting the pressure in all four tires. If you reset the
system when the tire pressures are incorrect, the check
tire pressure system will not work properly and may not
alert you when a tire is low or high.
To reset (calibrate) the system:
Tire Inspection and Rotation
1. Turn the ignition switch to RUN.
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
2. Press the SELECT right arrow button on the DIC
until you enter the GAGE mode. Then press the
SELECT down arrow until TIRE PRESSURE
appears on the display.
3. Press and hold the DIC RESET button for about
five seconds. After five seconds, the display will
show TIRE PRESSURE RESET. If TIRE
PRESSURE RESET does not appear on the display
after about five seconds, see your dealer for service.
After you release the DIC RESET button, TIRE
PRESSURE NORMAL will appear on the display.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more uniform
wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation is the
most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Index for scheduled rotation intervals.
The system completes the calibration process during
driving. Calibration time can take 45 to 90 minutes,
depending on your driving habits. After the system has
been calibrated, the system will alert the driver that a tire
is low, up to a maximum speed of 65 mph (105 km/h).
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
6-51
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Reset the Check Tire Pressure
System. See “Check Tire Pressure System” in the Index.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if
you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
6-52
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-53
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
6-54
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature -- A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which
all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A
represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory
test wheel than the minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
6-55
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
6-56
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has P235/55R17 size tires, don’t
use tire chains. They can damage your vehicle
because there’s not enough clearance.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If you do find traction devices that will fit, install
them on the front tires.
If you have other tires, use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must. Use only SAE
Class “S” type chains that are the proper size for
your tires. Install them on the front tires and
tighten them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can
hear the chains contacting your vehicle, stop and
retighten them. If the contact continues, slow
down until it stops. Driving too fast or spinning
the wheels with chains on will damage
your vehicle.
6-57
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-58
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
2. If a stain remains, follow the Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner instructions described earlier.
Using Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner
on Fabric
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
entire area immediately or it will set.
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix powdered cleaner following the directions on
the container label to form thick suds.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material and don’t rub it roughly.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructions for
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, damp towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
6-59
Cleaning Vinyl
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you
don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and a
vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
6-60
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood
immediately with a clean cloth.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax,
sap or other material may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon AmiR Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later.
If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants” in the Index.
Weatherstrips
6-61
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Use lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index. Don’t
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be
flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface,
or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
6-62
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored basecoat.
Always use waxes and polishes that are non-abrasive and
made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap,
bird droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys,
etc., can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on
painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Tires
Cleaning Aluminum or
Chrome-Plated Wheels
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
6-63
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Sheet Metal Damage
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust control
can collect on the underbody. If these are not removed,
accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the underbody
parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and exhaust
system even though they have corrosion protection.
6-64
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched
into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this,
Oldsmobile will repair, at no charge to the owner, the
surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout
condition within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km)
of purchase, whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
1052918**
8 oz. (0.237 L)
DESCRIPTION
Polishing Cloth – Wax Treated
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
t Protectant
Armor All
Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner
1052929
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
12345721
2.5 sq. ft.
Synthetic Chamois
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12377964*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377966*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1052925
16 oz. (0.473 L)
USAGE
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas , plastic,
rubber and vinyl
Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
and floor mats
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils on fabric
Shines vehicle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
* For exterior use only.
** Not recommended for use on instrument panels.
t
6-65
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the underside of the spare tire
cover. It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-66
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the wiring harness. An electrical overload will cause the
lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off.
If this happens, have your headlamp system checked
right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem, have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
6-67
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating. If a MaxiFuseR should blow, see your dealer
for service immediately.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that you
can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can. You will find a fuse puller
clipped in both of the bussed electrical centers. Snap the
wide end of the fuse puller at the side indentations and
pull the fuse out.
The MaxiFuses are located in two Bussed Electrical
Centers (BEC), one located near the engine compartment
on the passenger’s side and the other under the rear seat on
the driver’s side. If a MaxiFuse should blow, have your
vehicle serviced by your dealer immediately.
6-68
Engine Compartment Bussed Electrical Center (BEC)
The front Bussed Electrical
Center (BEC) is located in
the front of the engine
compartment on the
passenger’s side. Lift the
cover to gain access. See
“Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
Fuse 22 or 23 can be moved to the outer position to
provide continuous power to the accessory power outlet
or cigarette lighter when the ignition is not ON.
See your dealer for additional assistance, if needed.
Leaving an accessory on for a long period of time can
drain the vehicle’s battery.
Minifuse
Minifuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Usage
Not Used
Accessory
Windshield Wipers
Not Used
Left Low-Beam Headlamp
Right Low-Beam Headlamp
Instrument Panel
Powertrain Control Module Battery
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Usage
Right High-Beam Headlamp
Left High-Beam Headlamp
Ignition 1
Not Used
Transaxle
Cruise Control
Direct Ignition System
Injector Bank #2
Not Used
Not Used
Powertrain Control Module Ignition
Oxygen Sensor
Injector Bank #1
Auxiliary Power
Cigarette Lighter
Fog Lamps/Daytime
Running Lamps
Horn
Air Conditioner Clutch
6-69
Micro Relays
27
High-Beam Headlamp
28
Low-Beam Headlamp
29
Fog Lamps
30
Daytime Running Lamps
31
Horn
32
Air Conditioner Clutch
33
HVAC Solenoid
Mini Relays
6-70
Usage
Usage
34
Accessory
35
Air Pump
36
Starter 1
37
Cooling Fan 2
38
Ignition 1
39
Cooling Fan Series/Parallel
40
Cooling Fan 1
Maxibreaker
Usage
41
Starter
MaxiFuses
Usage
42
AIR
43
ABS
44
Air Pump B
45
Air Pump A
46
Cooling Fan 2
47
Cooling Fan 1
Spare Fuses
Usage
48
Spare
49
Not Used
50
Not Used
51
Not Used
52
Not Used
53
Fuse Puller
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
To Remove the Rear Seat Cushion
To access the battery and rear compartment fuse panels,
the rear seat cushion must be removed. This procedure is
somewhat difficult. You may wish to have your dealer
do this for you.
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release the
front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front of
the vehicle.
To Reinstall the Rear Seat Cushion
NOTICE:
The battery and main fuse boxes are located
under the rear seat cushion. The battery’s ground
terminal and some relay wires are exposed. To
help avoid damage to the battery and wires, be
careful when removing or reinstalling the seat
cushion. Do not remove covers from covered
parts. Do not store anything under the seat,
as objects could touch exposed wires and cause
a short.
6-71
CAUTION:
A safety belt that isn’t properly routed through
the seat cushion or is twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. If the safety belt
hasn’t been routed through the seat cushion at
all, it won’t be there to work for the next
passenger. The person sitting in that position
could be badly injured. After reinstalling the seat
cushion, always check to be sure that the safety
belts are properly routed and are not twisted.
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety belt, and
then route the safety belts through the proper slots in
the seat cushion. Don’t let the safety belt get twisted.
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and under the
seatback so the rear locating guides hook into the
wire loops on the back frame.
6-72
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press down on the seat cushion until the spring
locks on both ends engage.
4. Check to make sure the safety belts are properly
routed and that no portion of any safety belt is
trapped under the seat. Also make sure the seat
cushion is secured.
Rear Underseat Bussed Electrical Center (BEC)
The rear BEC is located
beneath the rear seat on the
driver’s side. The rear seat
cushion must be removed to
access the BEC. See
“Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion” in the Index.
Minifuses
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Usage
Fuel Pump
HVAC Blower
Memory
ALDL
Rear Fog Lamps
CD
Driver’s Door Module
Air Bag System
Minifuses
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
Usage
Not Used
Right Parking Lamp
Vent Solenoid
Ignition 1
Left Parking Lamp
Dimmer
Not Used
Left Front Heated Seat
Not Used
Rear Door Module
Stoplamp
NSBU
Audio
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Not Used
Not Used
Passenger Door Module
Body
Interior Lamps
6-73
Minifuses
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
Micro Relays
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
6-74
Usage
Not Used
Ignition Switch
Not Used
Right Front Heated Seat
Not Used
HVAC
Ignition 3 Rear
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Turn Signal/Hazard
HVAC Battery
Dimmer
Usage
Fuel Pump
Parking Lamp
Ignition 1
Rear Fog Lamp
Not Used
Park
Reverse
Micro Relays
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
Circuit
Breakers
56
57
Mini Relays
58
59
Usage
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Fuel Tank Door Lock
Not Used
Ignition 3
Fuel Tank Door Release
Interior Lamps
Trunk Release
Front Courtesy Lamps
Not Used
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Usage
Power Seats
Power Windows
Usage
Cigar
Rear Defogger
MaxiFuses
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
Usage
Not Used
Rear Defog
Not Used
Audio Amplifier
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Cigar
Not Used
Spare Fuses
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
Usage
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Fuse Puller
Replacement Bulbs
EXTERIOR LAMPS
BULB
Front
Front Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3157NA
Halogen Headlamps
Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Rear
Back-Up Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3155
Stop/Taillamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Rear Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
INTERIOR LAMPS
BULB
Overhead
Rail Courtesy/Reading Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
For service information on other bulbs, contact your
dealer’s service department.
6-75
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English
and metric conversions. Please refer to “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index for more information.
Engine Code (LX5) 3.5L V6
Automatic Transaxle (Overdrive)
When draining or replacing torque converter, more
fluid may be needed.
Pan Removal, Drain Plug
and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.4 quarts (7.0 L)
After Complete Overhaul . . . . . 10.0 quarts (9.5 L)
When performing either transaxle procedure, check
fluid level when done. More fluid may be needed.
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 quarts (9.5 L)
Engine Crankcase . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.0 quarts (5.7 L)
When changing filter, up to 0.5 quart (0.5 L) more oil
may be needed.
6-76
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.5 U.S. gallons (70.0 L)
Air Conditioning Refrigerant . . . . . . See refrigerant
charge label under the hood.
Power Steering
Pump Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 pint (0.5 L)
Complete System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 pints (0.7 L)
Tire Pressures . . . . . . . . See Tire-Loading Information
label on the rear edge of the driver’s door.
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Engine Code (L47) 4.0L V8
Automatic Transaxle (Overdrive)
When draining or replacing torque converter, more
fluid may be needed.
Pan Removal, Drain Plug
and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . 11.0 quarts (10.4 L)
After Complete Overhaul . . . . 12.6 quarts (12.0 L)
When performing either transaxle procedure, check
fluid level when done. More fluid may be needed.
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.0 quarts (10.5 L)
Engine Crankcase . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.0 quarts (6.6 L)
When changing filter, up to 0.5 quart (0.5 L) more oil
may be needed.
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.5 U.S. gallons (66.2 L)
Air Conditioning Refrigerant . . . . . . See refrigerant
charge label under the hood.
Power Steering
Pump Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 pint (0.5 L)
Complete System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 pints (0.7 L)
Tire Pressures . . . . . . . . See Tire-Loading Information
label on the rear edge of the driver’s door.
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure
to fill to the appropriate level as recommended in
this manual.
Engine Specifications
The following engine specifications are for the
(LX5) 3.5L V6.
VIN Engine Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V6
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 cubic inches (3.5L)
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Compression Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3:1
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-3-4-5-6
Thermostat Temperature
Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180_F (82_C)
The following engine specifications are for
the (L47) 4.0L V8.
VIN Engine Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V8
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . 279 cubic inches (4.0L)
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Compression Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.3:1
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Thermostat Temperature
Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180_F (82_C)
6-77
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
The following replacement parts are for the
(LX5) 3.5L V6.
Air Cleaner Element . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A-1096C
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GM Part # 25654414
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF-58
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type GF-627
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PT16EPR-C13
(GM Part # 12561466)
Gap: 0.050 inch (1.52 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blades
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shepard’s Hook
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.0 inches (56.0 cm)
6-78
The following replacement parts are for the
(L47) 4.0L V8.
Air Cleaner Element . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A-1096C
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GM Part # 25654414
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF-58
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type GF-627
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PT16EPR-C13
(GM Part # 12561466)
Gap: 0.050 inch (1.52 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blades
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shepard’s Hook
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.0 inches (56.0 cm)
Vehicle Dimensions
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205.4 inches (522.0 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74.4 inches (189.0 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.4 inches (141.0 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113.8 inches (289.1 cm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.5 inches (159.0 cm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.5 inches (159.0 cm)
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5
Introduction
How this Section is Organized
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Scheduled Maintenance
7-15
7-19
7-21
7-23
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in
this manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked and when. It also explains what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service department
or another qualified service center should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for you to
record and keep track of the maintenance performed on
your vehicle. Keep your maintenance receipts. They may
be needed to qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
7-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part D.
Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. All
parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs done
before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals. The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Engine Oil Scheduled Maintenance
Change engine oil and filter as indicated by the GM
Oil Life System (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Reset the indicator. The system will
show you when to change the oil -- usually between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 10,000 miles (16 000 km)
since your last oil change. Under severe conditions, the
indicator may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 10,000 miles
(16 000 km) or 12 months without an oil and
filter change.
t
7-6
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner if the CHANGE
OIL SOON or the CHANGE OIL NOW message
appears. Remember to reset the Oil Life System when
the oil and filter have been changed. See “Oil Life
System” in the Index for information on resetting.
An Emission Control Service.
Scheduled Maintenance
7-7
Scheduled Maintenance
7-8
Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-9
Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle valve
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-10
Scheduled Maintenance
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and bottom screens if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-11
Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle valve
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-12
Scheduled Maintenance
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle valve
and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-13
Scheduled Maintenance
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and bottom screens if the vehicle is mainly
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
driven under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transaxle fluid,
change both the fluid and filter.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if necessary.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index for further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires” in the
Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-15
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed.
See “Automatic Transaxle Fluid” in the Index.
A fluid loss may indicate a problem. Check the system
and repair if needed.
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Wiper Blade Check
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate all hinges
and latches, including those for the hood, rear
compartment, glove box door, console door and any
folding seat hardware. Part D tells you what to use.
More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment.
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold, damp
weather more frequent application may be required. See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
7-16
Body Lubrication Service
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
7-17
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
7-18
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then release
the parking brake followed by the regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Part C: Periodic
Maintenance Inspections
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in
the Index.
7-19
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser. To help
ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap is recommended at least
once a year.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc. You may need to
have your brakes inspected more often if your driving
habits or conditions result in frequent braking.
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
7-20
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by
name, part number or specification may be obtained
from your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only GM
GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR or
HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant”
in the Index.
USAGE
Hydraulic
Brake System
Windshield
Washer Solvent
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
GM OptikleenR Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Power
Steering System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
7-21
USAGE
Floor
Shift Linkage
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Hood and
Door Hinges
7-22
FLUID/LUBRICANT
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2
Category LB or GC-LB.
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Fuel Door
Hinge, Glove
Box Door,
Console Door
Hinge, Rear
Compartment
Lid Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-23
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-24
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-25
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-26
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-27
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-28
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-29
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-30
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Oldsmobile if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain
service publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Oldsmobile Roadside Assistance Program
Features and Benefits
Canadian Roadside Assistance
8-7
8-9
8-10
8-10
8-11
8-11
Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
Ordering Owner Publications in Canada
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Oldsmobile. Normally, any concerns with
the sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle
will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the sales, service or parts manager,
contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Oldsmobile Customer Assistance Network by calling
1-800-442-6537. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
When contacting Oldsmobile, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, file with the
GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet
for information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle
Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
8-3
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you are required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing any court action, use of
the program is free of charge and your case will generally
be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree with the
decision given in your case, you may reject it and proceed
with any other venue for relief available to you.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
Customer Assistance Offices
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
8-4
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Oldsmobile has TTY equipment available at its
Customer Assistance Network. Any TTY user
can communicate with Oldsmobile by dialing:
1-800-833-OLDS (6537). (TTY users in Canada can
dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Oldsmobile encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write
to Oldsmobile, the letter should be addressed to
Oldsmobile’s Customer Assistance Network.
United States
Customer Assistance Representative
Oldsmobile Customer Assistance Network
16 E. Judson Street
P.O. Box 436006
Pontiac, MI 48343-6006
1-800-442-6537
1-800-833-6537 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-442-OLDS (6537)
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
All Overseas Locations
GMODC - Customer Communication Centre
169-007
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Telephone: 905-644-4112
Fax:
905-644-4866
Caribbean Numbers
1-800-496-9992 (English) Puerto Rico
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish) Puerto Rico
1-800-751-4135 (English) Dominican Republic
1-800-751-4136 (Spanish) Dominican Republic
1-800-496-9994 U.S. Virgin Islands
1-800-389-0009 Bahamas
1-800-534-0122 Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua & B.V.I.
If toll free service is not available in the Caribbean,
call Puerto Rico 1-787-763-1315.
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. When
calling from outside Canada, please dial 1-905-644-3063.
All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
8-5
Oldsmobile Roadside Assistance
Program Features and Benefits
Security While You Travel
1-800-442-OLDS (6537)
As the proud owner of a new Oldsmobile vehicle, you
are automatically enrolled in the Oldsmobile Roadside
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you
drive in the city or travel the open road.
8-6
Oldsmobile’s Roadside Assistance toll-free number is
staffed by courteous and capable Roadside Assistance
Representatives who are available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year.
We will provide the following services during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period, at no expense
to you:
D Fuel delivery
D Lock-out service (identification required)
D Tow to the nearest dealership for warranty service or
in the event of a vehicle-disabling accident
D Flat tire change
D Jump starts
D Minor repairs to disabled vehicles
D Assistance when vehicle is mired in sand, mud
or snow
D Trip routing
D Trip interruption expense benefits
D Dealership locator service
D Courtesy Transportation -- See Courtesy
Transportation section for details
Oldsmobile Roadside Assistance specifically excludes
coverage for mounting, dismounting or changing of
snow tires, chains or other traction devices.
In some cases, where service is impractical, the driver
may be authorized to obtain other service for which
reimbursement is provided.
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Oldsmobile’s comprehensive warranty. However,
when other services are utilized, our Roadside
Assistance Representatives will explain any payment
obligations you might incur.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling,
please provide the following to the Roadside
Assistance Representative:
D Location of vehicle
D Telephone number of your location
D Vehicle model, year and color
D Mileage of vehicle
D Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
D Vehicle license plate number
Oldsmobile reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in
Oldsmobile’s judgement, the claims become excessive
in frequency or type of occurrence.
While we hope you never have the occasion to use
our service, it is added security while traveling for
you and your family. Remember, we’re only a
phone call away. Oldsmobile Roadside
Assistance -- 1-800-442-OLDS (6537).
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
roadside assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Courtesy Transportation
Oldsmobile has always exemplified quality and value
in its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
8-7
Plan Ahead When Possible
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you should
contact your dealer and request an appointment. By
scheduling a service appointment and advising your service
consultant of your transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience. If your vehicle cannot be
scheduled into the service department immediately, keep
driving it until it can be scheduled for service, unless, of
course, the problem is safety-related. If it is, please call your
dealership, let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you
arrange transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait, Oldsmobile
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service to
get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride to a
destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
8-8
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide you
with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental
vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to a maximum
of $30.00 per day supported by receipts. This requires
that you sign and complete a rental agreement and meet
state, local and rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage, credit card, etc. You are
responsible for fuel usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive mileage
or rental usage beyond the completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each
new vehicle provides detailed warranty
coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
8-9
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-10
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
Ordering Owner Publications
in Canada
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-442-6537, or write:
Owner’s manuals are available for purchase for all
current and most past model General Motors vehicles.
Oldsmobile Customer Assistance Network
16 E. Judson Street
P.O. Box 436006
Pontiac, MI 48343-6006
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
Service manuals may be purchased from Helm
Incorporated using the ordering information on the
following pages. Please note that prices are quoted in
U.S. dollars.
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-11
2001 OLDSMOBILE SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 2001 OLDSMOBILE
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
2001 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $20.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
8-12
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA–MasterCard–Discover)
ORDER TOLL FREE
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-551-4123
(Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-313-865-5927
2
0
0
1
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address shown below or call
1-800-551-4123. Material cannot be returned for credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against the original order.
ITEM DESCRIPTION
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
YEAR
QTY.
PRICE
EACH*
Service Manual
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
2001
$120.00
2001
$50.00
Owner’s Manual In Portfolio
2001
$20.00
Owner’s Manual Without Portfolio
2001
$15.00
TOTAL
PRICE
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS—NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(ZIP CODE)
(
)
AREA CODE
GM-OLD-ORD99
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
only — do not send cash.)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
U.S. Order Processing
MasterCard
VISA
$6.00
Canadian Postage
(See Note Below)
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
Account
Number:
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds. To cover Canadian postage, add $11.50 plus the
U.S. order processing.
8-13
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