Dell UPS 500T User's Guide

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Dell UPS 500T User's Guide | Manualzz

Dell

t

Tower UPS

500W, 1000W, and 1920/1500W

User's Guide

w w w . d e l l . c o m | s u p p o r t . d e l l . c o m

H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N

K806N, H965N

Notes and Warnings

NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your software.

CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury or in property damage incidents.

WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or injury.

DANGER: A DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

DANGER: Observe the following instruction to help prevent an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury:

S

This UPS contains LETHAL VOLTAGES . All repairs and service should be performed by

AUTHORIZED SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY . There are NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS inside the UPS.

Information in this document is subject to change without notice.

E

2009 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.

Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden.

Trademarks used in this text: Dell and the DELL logo are trademarks of Dell Inc.; National Electrical Code and NEC are registered trademarks of National Fire Protection Association, Inc.

Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.

September 2009 S 164201786 4

Table of Contents

1

Introduction

Finding Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

2

Safety Warnings

3

Installation

Inspecting the Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Unpacking the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Identifying the UPS Rear Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Identifying the UPS Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Connecting the UPS Internal Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

External Battery Module Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Installing the UPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

UPS Initial Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

4

Operation

UPS Startup and Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starting the UPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

27

Starting the UPS on Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

UPS Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Control Panel Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Changing the Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Table of Contents

| 3

4 |

Table of Contents

Display Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Startup Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

30

Screen Locked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

UPS Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Control Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Retrieving the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Behavior on Overload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Configuring Load Segments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Controlling Load Segments Through the Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41

41

Configuring Automatic Start Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Configuring Automatic on Battery Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Configuring Battery Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Configuring the UPS for an EBM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

44

Running Automatic Battery Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Configuring Automatic Battery Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Configuring Automatic Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

5

Additional UPS Features

RS-232 and USB Communication Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dell Network Management Card (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

46

48

Network Transient Protector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Dell UPS Management Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

6

UPS Maintenance

UPS and Battery Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Transporting the UPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Storing the UPS and Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

When to Replace Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Testing Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Updating the UPS Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

7

Specifications

8

Troubleshooting

Accessing Alarms and Conditions

UPS Status Menu

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

59

59

Event Log Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Typical Alarms and Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Silencing the Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Table of Contents

| 5

Introduction

The Dell t Tower uninterruptible power system (UPS) protects your sensitive electronic equipment from basic power problems such as power failures, power sags, power surges, brownouts, and line noise.

1

Power outages can occur when you least expect them and power quality can be erratic. These power problems have the potential to corrupt critical data, destroy unsaved work sessions, and damage hardware — causing hours of lost productivity and expensive repairs.

With the Dell Tower UPS, you can safely eliminate the effects of power disturbances and guard the integrity of your equipment. The UPS's flexibility to handle an array of network devices makes it the perfect choice to protect your LANs, servers, workstations, and other electrical equipment.

Figure 1 shows the Dell Tower UPS.

Figure 1. The Dell Tower UPS

6 |

Introduction

Providing outstanding performance and reliability, the UPS's unique benefits include:

S Buck and Boost voltage regulation that ensures regulated voltage to your load by correcting voltage fluctuations.

S

Start‐on‐battery capability for powering up the UPS even if utility power is not available.

S

Maintenance is simplified by allowing the safe replacement of batteries without powering down the

UPS.

S Extended runtime with an optional External Battery Module (EBM) for 1000–1920W UPS models.

S

Two standard communication ports (USB and DB-9 serial port).

S

Optional Dell Network Management Card with enhanced communication capabilities for increased power protection and control.

S Network transient protector that guards your network communications equipment from surges.

S

Advanced power management with the Dell UPS Management Software for graceful shutdowns and power monitoring.

S

Sequential shutdown and load management through separate receptacle groups called load segments.

S

Firmware that is easily upgradable without a service call.

S

Backed by worldwide agency approvals.

Introduction

| 7

Finding Information

CAUTION: The Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information document provides important safety and regulatory information.

What are You Looking For?

S The user's guide for my UPS

S The user's guide for the Dell Network Management

Card

S Dell UPS Management Software

Find It Here

Dell UPS Disc

S Specifications

S How to configure UPS settings

S How to troubleshoot and solve problems

S Safety instructions

S Regulatory information

S Recycling information

S Warranty information

S Terms and Conditions (U.S. only)

S End User License Agreement

S Support information

NOTE: Documentation and software updates can be found at support.dell.com

.

Dell UPS User's Guide

The user's guide is available on the Dell UPS disc and on support.dell.com

.

Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information

Dell Warranty and Support Information

Dell Support Website — support.dell.com

NOTE: Select your region or business segment to view the appropriate support site.

8 |

Introduction

Safety Warnings

CAUTION: Before performing the procedures in this document, read and follow the safety instructions and important regulatory information in your Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information document.

2

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS

This manual contains important instructions that you should follow during installation and maintenance of the UPS and batteries. Please read all instructions before operating the equipment and save this manual for future reference.

DANGER: Observe the following instruction to help prevent an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury:

S This UPS contains LETHAL VOLTAGES . All repairs and service should be performed by

AUTHORIZED SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY . There are NO USER SERVICEABLE

PARTS inside the UPS.

WARNING: Observe the following instructions to help prevent a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or injury:

S

This UPS contains its own energy source (batteries). The output receptacles may carry live voltage even when the UPS is not connected to an AC supply.

S Do not remove or unplug the input cord when the UPS is turned on. This removes the safety ground from the UPS and the equipment connected to the UPS.

S

To reduce the risk of fire, connect only to a circuit provided with branch circuit overcurrent protection with an ampere rating in accordance with the National Electrical Code

®

(NEC

®

),

ANSI/NFPA 70 or your local electrical code:

UPS Output Power

500W

1000W

1500W (at 100V)

1920W

120V

15A

15A

20A

208V

230V

15A

15A

15A

S

To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, install this UPS in a temperature and humidity controlled, indoor environment, free of conductive contaminants. Ambient temperature must not exceed 40 ° C (104 ° F). Do not operate near water or excessive humidity (95% maximum).

Safety Warnings

| 9

S Unpacking the cabinet in a low-temperature environment may cause condensation to occur in and on the cabinet. Do not install the cabinet until the inside and outside of the cabinet are absolutely dry (hazard of electric shock).

S

If the UPS requires any type of transportation, disconnect the internal UPS batteries before

transporting (see page 51).

CAUTION: Observe the following instructions to help prevent a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury or in property damage incidents:

S For PLUGABLE EQUIPMENT, the power outlet shall be installed near the equipment and shall be easily accessible.

S

Servicing of batteries should be performed or supervised by personnel knowledgeable about batteries and the required precautions. Keep unauthorized personnel away from batteries.

S

Batteries can present a risk of electrical shock or burn from high short-circuit current. The following precautions should be observed: 1) Remove watches, rings, or other metal objects; 2) Use tools with insulated handles; 3) Wear rubber gloves and boots; 4) Do not lay tools or metal parts on top of batteries; 5) Disconnect the charging source prior to connecting or disconnecting battery terminals.

S

Determine if the battery is inadvertently grounded. If inadvertently grounded, remove the utility source from the ground. Contact with any part of a grounded battery can result in electrical shock.

The likelihood of such shock can be reduced if such grounds are removed during installation and maintenance (applicable to equipment and remote battery supplies not having a grounded supply circuit).

S ELECTRIC ENERGY HAZARD. Do not attempt to alter any battery wiring or connectors.

Attempting to alter wiring can cause injury.

S

Replace batteries with the same number and type of batteries as originally installed in the UPS.

S

Proper disposal of batteries is required. Refer to your local codes for disposal requirements.

S Never dispose of batteries in a fire. Batteries may explode when exposed to flame.

S

Do not open or mutilate the battery or batteries. Released electrolyte is harmful to the skin and eyes and may be extremely toxic.

S

The 1000W and 1920/1500W UPS may be connected to a maximum of one External Battery

Module (EBM).

S To avoid interference and flicker, it is recommended that CRT monitors be placed at least one foot away from the UPS.

10 |

Safety Warnings

Installation

This chapter explains:

S

Equipment inspection

S Unpacking the system

S

UPS rear panels

S

UPS internal battery connection

S

UPS installation, including the External Battery Module (EBM)

S

Initial startup

Inspecting the Equipment

If any equipment has been damaged during shipment, keep the shipping cartons and packing materials for the carrier or place of purchase and file a claim for shipping damage. If you discover damage after acceptance, file a claim for concealed damage.

To file a claim for shipping damage or concealed damage: 1) File with the carrier within 15 days of receipt of the equipment; 2) Send a copy of the damage claim within 15 days to your service representative.

NOTE: Check the battery recharge date on the shipping carton label. If the date has passed and the batteries were never recharged, do not use the UPS. Contact your service representative.

3

Installation

| 11

2

Unpacking the System

CAUTION: Unpacking the cabinet in a low-temperature environment may cause condensation to occur in and on the cabinet. Do not install the cabinet until the inside and outside of the cabinet are absolutely dry (hazard of electric shock).

CAUTION:

The cabinet is heavy (see page 55). Use caution to unpack and move the cabinet.

To unpack the system:

1

Unpack your system and identify each item (see Figure 2).

Place the cabinet in a protected area that has adequate airflow and is free of humidity, flammable gas, and corrosion.

Discard or recycle the packaging in a responsible manner, or store it for future use.

Figure 2. Unpacking the System

12 |

Installation

Identifying the UPS Rear Panels

This section shows the rear panels of the Dell Tower UPS models.

UPS Communication Bay

On/Off Button

Network Transient

Protector

Communication Port

USB Port

OUTPUT

125V~ 15A

IEC-C14 Input

Connector

Two 5‐15 Receptacles

(Load Segment 2)

Figure 3. 500W, 100/120V Rear Panel

Four 5‐15 Receptacles

(Load Segment 1)

UPS Communication Bay

On/Off Button

Network Transient

Protector

Communication Port

USB Port

IEC-C14 Input

Connector

Two IEC 320-C13 Receptacles

(Load Segment 2)

Four IEC 320-C13 Receptacles

(Load Segment 1)

Figure 4. 500W, 230V Rear Panel

Installation

| 13

UPS Communication Bay

On/Off Button

Network Transient

Protector

EBM Connector

IEC-C14 Input

Connector

Communication Port

USB Port

Two 5-15 Receptacles

(Load Segment 2)

Six 5-15 Receptacles

(Load Segment 1)

Figure 5. 1000W, 120V Rear Panel

On/Off Button

Network Transient

Protector

EBM Connector

IEC-C14 Input

Connector

Figure 6. 1000W, 230V Rear Panel

|

Installation 14

UPS Communication Bay

Communication Port

USB Port

Two IEC 320-C13 Receptacles

(Load Segment 2)

Six IEC 320-C13 Receptacles

(Load Segment 1)

On/Off Button

EBM Connector

IEC-C20 Input

Connector

Figure 7. 1920W/120V, 1500W/100V Rear Panel

USB Port UPS Communication Bay

Communication Port

Network Transient Protector

Two 5-15/5-20 Receptacles

(Load Segment 2)

Eight 5-15/5-20 Receptacles

(Load Segment 1)

On/Off Button

EBM Connector

IEC-C14 Input

Connector

Figure 8. 1920W, 230V Rear Panel

USB Port UPS Communication Bay

Communication Port

Network Transient Protector

Two IEC 320-C13 Receptacles

(Load Segment 2)

Eight IEC 320-C13 Receptacles

(Load Segment 1)

Installation

| 15

Identifying the UPS Front Panel

LCD Panel

Scroll Button (Down or Forward)

Select Button

Scroll Button (Up or Back)

Cover Latch

Cover Latch

Figure 9. The Dell Tower UPS

16 |

Installation

Connecting the UPS Internal Battery

To ensure proper battery operation:

1

2

Verify that the UPS is off and unplugged.

Remove the UPS front cover (see Figure 10).

Push the two cover latches to release the front cover and pull up.

Figure 10. Removing the UPS Front Cover

3 Unscrew the thumbscrew on the the metal battery cover and lift up to remove the cover

(see Figure 11).

Figure 11. Removing the Battery Cover

Installation

| 17

4

NOTE: A small amount of arcing may occur when connecting the batteries. This is normal and does not damage the unit or present any safety concern.

Connect the internal battery connector (see Figure 12).

Figure 12. Connecting the Internal Battery Connector

5

6

Replace the metal battery cover.

Torque the screw to 0.7 Nm (6.2 lb in).

Replace the UPS front cover.

18 |

Installation

External Battery Module Installation

NOTE: A small amount of arcing may occur when connecting an EBM to the UPS. This is normal and will not harm personnel. Insert the EBM cable into the UPS battery connector quickly and firmly.

An optional EBM can be installed with 1000W and 1920/1500W Tower UPS models.

To install the optional EBM:

1

Remove the battery connector cover from the rear panel as shown in Figure 13. Retain the cover

and screws.

NOTE: If the UPS is stored or used without an EBM, the battery connector cover must be installed as a safety precaution.

Figure 13. Removing the Battery Connector Cover

Installation

| 19

2

Install the battery connector cover under the EBM cable to provide strain relief (see Figure 14).

Rotate the battery connector cover on its side and position under the EBM cable.

Figure 14. Installing the Battery Connector Cover

3

4

Plug the EBM cable into the UPS battery connector (see Figure 15).

Secure the battery connector cover to the UPS rear panel using the screws removed in Step 1.

Figure 15. EBM Installation for 1000W and 1920/1500W Tower UPS Models Only

20 |

Installation

Installing the UPS

To install the UPS:

1 If you plan to use Dell UPS Management Software, connect your computer to the USB port using

the supplied cable. For more information about communication options, see page 46.

1

Connect communication cable from computer to UPS (optional)

2

Connect equipment to UPS

Figure 16. Typical UPS Installation (120V Model Shown)

2 Plug the equipment to be protected into the UPS output receptacles, but do not turn on the protected equipment.

NOTE: Verify that the total equipment ratings do not exceed the UPS capacity to prevent an overload alarm.

Installation

| 21

UPS Initial Startup

To start up the UPS:

1

2

3

Verify that the internal batteries are connected.

If an optional EBM is installed, verify that the EBM is connected to the UPS.

Verify that the power input to the UPS has adequate upstream overcurrent protection:

Table 1. Minimum Upstream Circuit Breaker Rating

UPS Output Power 120V

500W

1000W

1500W (at 100V)

1920W

15A

15A

20A

208V

230V

15A

15A

15A

The power cord current ratings are listed in Table 2.

Table 2. Power Cord Ratings

Dell UPS Model and Voltage

500W and 1000W 100V

500W and 1000W 120V

Power Cord

JIS C8303 to C13

NEMA 5-15P to C13

CNS 10917-2 to C13

C13 to C14 Jumper

NBR 14136 to C13

NBR 6147 to C13

Rating

12A

15A

15A

12A

10A

10A

Country

Japan

North America

Taiwan

Japan

Brazil

Brazil

Supplied Cord Set

Optional

Yes

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

22 |

Installation

Table 2. Power Cord Ratings (continued)

Dell UPS Model and Voltage Power Cord Rating Country Supplied Cord Set

C13 to C14 Jumper 10A China/Korea/Australia Yes

C13 to C14 Jumper

CEE 7/7 Schuko to C13

SEV 1011 to C13

AS 3112 to C13

IEC 60884-1 to C13

IRAM2073 to C13

SANS 164-1 to C13

BS 1363 to C13

12/10A North America/Europe

10A Europe (Schuko)

10A

10A

Switzerland

Australia

10A

10A

10A

10A

Switzerland

Argentina

United Kingdom (Old)

United Kingdom (New)

Yes

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

500 and 1000W 230V

CEI 23-50 to C13

KSC8305 to C13

GB2099.1 to C13

NBR 6147 to C13

NBR 14136 to C13

TI16S3 to C13

SANS 164-1 to C13

IS 1293 to C13

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

Italy

South Korea

China

Brazil

Brazil

Thailand

South Africa

India

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

100V

SB107-2-DI to C13

NEMA L5-20P to C19

10A

15A

Denmark

Japan

Optional

Yes

1920W (1500W in Japan and

Taiwan)*

120V

NEMA 5-20P to C19

NEMA L5-20P to C19

20A

15A

North America

Taiwan

Yes

Yes

C19 to C20 Jumper 16A North America Optional

* There are two power cords in the box, one with BSMI and PSE certified markings that can be used in Taiwan and Japan, another cord is for regions other than Taiwan and Japan.

Installation

| 23

Table 2. Power Cord Ratings (continued)

Dell UPS Model and Voltage

1920W 230V

Power Cord

C13 to C14 Jumper

C13 to C14 Jumper

CEE 7/7 Schuko to C13

SEV 1011 to C13

AS 3112 to C13

GB2099 to C13

IS 1293 to C13

SANS 164-1 to C13

BS 1363 to C13

SB107-2-DI to C13

CEI 23-50 to C13

IRAM2073 to C13

NBR 6147 to C13

NBR 14136 to C13

KSC8305 to C13

TI16S3 to C13

SANS 164-1 to C13

Rating Country

10A China/Korea/Australia

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

10A

12/10A North America/Europe

10A Europe (Schuko)

10A

10A

Switzerland

Australia

10A

10A

10A

10A

China

India

United Kingdom (Old)

United Kingdom (New)

Denmark

Italy

Argentina

Brazil

Brazil

South Korea

Thailand

South Africa

Supplied Cord Set

Yes

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Yes

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

24 |

Installation

4

5

Plug the detachable UPS power cord into the input connector on the UPS rear panel.

Plug the UPS power cord into a power outlet.

The UPS front panel display illuminates. The Dell startup screen changes to the UPS status summary screen. The UPS front panel display shows the flashing Standby icon .

Figure 17. Connecting the Power Cord

6 Press the button on the UPS rear panel.

After the startup is complete, the status icon changes to the appropriate icon based on the UPS

operating mode (see Table 4 on page 32).

Figure 18. Starting the UPS

Installation

| 25

7 On the UPS status summary screen, press the button to check for active alarms or notices.

Resolve any active alarms before continuing. See “Troubleshooting” on page 59.

If there are no active alarms, a “No Active Alarms” message appears.

8 Verify that the Normal icon appears on the UPS status summary screen, indicating that the

UPS is operating normally and any loads are powered (see Table 4 on page 32).

If an optional EBM is installed, see “Configuring the UPS for an EBM” on page 44.

9

10

To change other factory-set defaults, see “Operation” on page 27.

NOTE: Dell recommends setting the date and time.

NOTE: At initial startup, the UPS sets system frequency according to input line frequency (input frequency auto-sensing is enabled by default). After initial startup, auto-sensing is disabled until manually re-enabled by output frequency setting.

NOTE: At initial startup, input voltage auto-sensing is enabled by default. After the subsequent startup, auto-sensing is disabled until manually re-enabled by output voltage setting.

NOTE: The internal batteries charge to 90% capacity in less than 4 hours (8 hours for 500W models). However,

Dell recommends that the batteries charge for 48 hours after installation or long-term storage. If an optional

EBM is installed, see the recharge time listed in Table 15 on page 58.

26 |

Installation

Operation

This chapter contains information on how to use the UPS, including:

S

UPS startup and shutdown

S Control panel and display functions

S

Retrieving the Event Log

S

Behavior on overload

S

Configuring load segments, battery settings, and automatic restart

UPS Startup and Shutdown

NOTE: The button controls only the UPS output. The button has no effect on equipment connected to the UPS.

To start up or shut down the UPS, see:

S

“Starting the UPS” on page 27

S

“Starting the UPS on Battery” on page 28

S

“UPS Shutdown” on page 28

1

2

Starting the UPS

To start the UPS:

Verify that the UPS power cord is plugged in.

Switch on utility power where the UPS is connected.

The UPS front panel display illuminates. The Dell startup screen changes to the UPS status summary screen. The UPS front panel display shows the Standby mode icon .

3 Press the button on the UPS rear panel.

After the startup is complete, the status icon changes to the appropriate icon based on the UPS

operating mode (see Table 4 on page 32).

4 On the UPS status summary screen, press the button to check for active alarms or notices.

Resolve any active alarms before continuing. See “Troubleshooting” on page 59.

5

If there are no active alarms, a “No Active Alarms” message appears.

Verify that the Normal mode icon appears on the UPS status summary screen, indicating that the UPS is operating normally and any loads are powered.

Operation

| 27

4

Starting the UPS on Battery

NOTE: Before using this feature, the UPS must have been powered by utility power with output enabled at least once.

NOTE: Utility power cannot be present at startup.

To start the UPS on battery:

1 Press the button on the UPS rear panel until the UPS beeps.

The UPS front panel display illuminates, and the UPS begins the startup sequence.

The UPS cycles through Standby mode to Battery mode. The Battery mode icon displays on the UPS status summary screen. The UPS supplies power to your equipment.

NOTE: The UPS does not assume the load if you press the button less than three seconds.

Press the button to check for active alarms or notices.

2

Ignore the “UPS on Battery” notice and notices that indicate missing utility power. Resolve other

active alarms before continuing. See “Troubleshooting” on page 59. After correcting the alarms,

restart if necessary.

You can prevent a battery start (requiring utility power at the next startup) by simultaneously pressing the and buttons for three seconds. Battery start can be disabled. See the Start on Battery setting

on page 37.

UPS Shutdown

To shut down the UPS:

1 Press the button on the rear panel for three seconds.

2

The UPS begins to beep. The UPS transfers to Standby mode.

NOTE: Releasing the button before three seconds returns the UPS to its original operating state.

Switch off utility power where the UPS is connected.

After utility power is removed, the UPS fully shuts down in ten seconds.

28 |

Operation

Control Panel Functions

The UPS has a three-button graphical LCD with dual color backlight. Standard backlight is used to light up the display with white text and a blue background. When the UPS has a critical alarm, the

backlight changes the text to dark amber and the background to amber. See Figure 19.

Figure 19. Dell Tower UPS Control Panel

There are three buttons on the control panel:

S

S

S

Scroll up or back

Select

Scroll down or forward

Table 3 describes the functions of the LCD control buttons.

Table 3. Control Button Functions

Control Button Sequence Function

Press for less than one second Scroll back or up to the previous menu.

Press for longer than one second

Return/exit back one menu layer without initiating a command or changing a setting.

Press for less than one second Select the menu or option to be changed.

Press for longer than one second

Save the setting being edited.

Press for less than one second Scroll forward or down to the next menu option.

Press both buttons for three seconds

Temporarily disable the battery startup feature until the next power cycle. The buzzer emits a one second beep to indicate that Battery Start has been disabled.

Press all three buttons for five seconds

Shortcut for defaulting the language back to English. The buzzer emits a one second beep to indicate that the setting has changed to English.

Operation

| 29

3

4

To select an option:

1

2

When scrolling through the settings, the present setting displays for each selection.

Press the button to select the option.

The current setting for the option flashes when selected.

Use the or buttons to toggle the available options.

Set the new option by holding the button again for one second.

The option stops flashing.

Changing the Language

Language selection is controlled through the user settings. See Table 7 page 36 for information on

available languages.

Display Functions

The UPS provides useful information about the UPS itself, load status, events, measurements, identification, and settings through the front panel display.

Startup Screen

During startup, the Dell logo is the default screen. This startup screen displays for five seconds and then defaults to the UPS status summary screen.

The display automatically returns to the UPS status summary screen when no button has been pushed for 15 minutes and no other screen has been locked by a user. When you return to the status summary screen, press the button for one second to exit back to the menu selections. Selecting UPS Status from the main menu list enables you to scroll through all of the UPS status menu screens, including the status summary screen.

30 |

Operation

Screen Locked

To lock a screen, press the button. The current view stays locked and does not automatically return to the default screen after time-out. When the screen is locked, the image of a key appears on the UPS

status summary screen just to the left of the status icon. See Figure 20.

Pushing any button returns the normal button function, unlocks the screen, and removes the lock symbol.

Figure 20. A Locked Screen

Only screens that have dynamic, real-time data updates can be locked. Applicable screens include the status summary screen, measurement screens, active alarms, and the battery status screen.

UPS Status

The UPS status provides separate screens for the following information:

S

Status summary, including mode and load

S

Notice or alarm status, if any are present

S Battery status, including state and charge level

See Table 4 for examples of the UPS status summary screens. The status icon in the upper right corner

of each status summary screen conveys the UPS status or mode.

Basic operating modes include:

S Normal mode

S

Battery mode

S

Standby mode

Operation

| 31

Table 4. Status Summary Screens

Status Summary Screen Description

UPS Critical Failure

The UPS is in Fault mode. The status icon and background are flashing.

Battery Mode

The status icon and background of the icon are flashing.

An audible alarm (0.5 seconds on/4.5 seconds off) accompanies the switch to

Battery mode.

When the utility power returns, the UPS transfers to Normal mode operation while the battery recharges.

UPS in Overload Condition

The status icon and background of the icon are flashing.

Bad Battery Detected or Battery Disconnected

The status icon and background of the icon are flashing, along with the outer shell of the battery symbol at the bottom.

UPS General Alarms Active

The status icon and background of the icon are flashing.

Battery Test Status

The status when the UPS is performing a battery test.

32 |

Operation

Table 4. Status Summary Screens (continued)

Status Summary Screen Description

Normal Mode

The UPS is operating in Normal mode from utility power. The UPS monitors and charges the batteries as needed and provides filtered power protection to your equipment.

Standby Mode

When the UPS is turned off and remains plugged into a power outlet, the UPS is in Standby mode and utility power supplies the connected equipment. The UPS is not supporting the load, but is ready to assume the load on command.

The notice and alarm screens are visible only when notices or alarms are active. There is a separate screen for each active notice or alarm. If there are no active notices or alarms, a “No Active Alarms” message appears in a single screen between the UPS status summary and the battery status screen. If there are multiple notices or alarms, scroll through each notice or alarm screen to reach the first battery status screen.

NOTE: Events are not shown in status summary screens. They appear only in the Event Log.

Table 5 describes the available battery status screens. Only one battery status is available at a time.

Table 5. Battery Status Screens

Battery Status Screen Description

Battery charging

Battery floating

Battery resting

Batteries are charged in constant current mode.

Batteries are charged in constant voltage mode.

Batteries are connected but are not being charged or discharged.

(This is part of the normal charging cycle.)

Battery discharging

Battery disconnected

Charger disabled

Batteries are discharging.

Batteries are unavailable because they are disconnected.

The battery charger is off. You can enable the Charger setting from the Settings

menu (see page 38).

Operation

| 33

Event Log

The Event Log holds up to 50 events. You can scroll through the event screens, beginning with the most recent event.

NOTE: The date format is dependent on the language selection.

The first row of each event screen contains the date (MM/DD/YYYY) and time (hh:mm:ss) at which the event occurred. The second row contains the type of event and code. The event description begins on the third row and may continue to the fourth row. The bottom right corner of the event screen displays two numbers: an ordering number of the event in the log, followed by the total number of events in the log.

If there are no events in the log, the event screen displays “No events in log.”

See “Retrieving the Event Log” on page 40.

Measurements

The measurements screens provide useful measurement information on:

S

Output watts VA, current, power factor, voltage, and frequency

S

Input voltage and frequency

S Battery voltage and percentage charged

S

Instantaneous Headroom Watts remaining

S

Peak Headroom Watts (the remaining watts available to support the load at peak demand, includes the date and timestamp of the peak demand)

S Peak Consumption Watts (the peak power demand on the UPS, includes the date and timestamp of the peak demand)

S

Present kWh Consumption (the kWh demand on the UPS averaged over the past hour)

S

Cumulative kWh Consumption (the total kWh usage, includes the date and timestamp since it was last reset)

34 |

Operation

Control Screens

Table 6 describes the available control screens.

Table 6. Control Screens

Control Screens

Battery Test

Reset Error State

Load Segments

Restore Factory Settings

Description

Schedule Battery Test: yes | Cancel Battery test: no

Starts a manual battery test.

See “Testing Batteries” on page 53.

Reset Alarms: yes | no

Manually clears any latched alarms, such as bad battery detected or DC Bus

OV/UV.

If a bad battery alarm was also active, reset the battery test status to “Not

Tested.”

Load segment 1: on | off

Load segment 2: on | off

These on/off commands override automatic load segment on/off controls made by the Automatic Start Delay and Automatic On Battery Shutdown settings. See

“Configuring Load Segments” on page 41.

Restore Factory Settings: yes | no

Available only in Standby mode.

Restoring the factory settings:

S Returns all user-configurable EEPROM settings to default factory settings

S Resets all pending on/off commands

S Clears the Event Log and resets all time stamps

S Resets the battery test status

S Initiates the Self Diagnostics test

Operation

| 35

Identification

The identification screens display the following UPS information:

S

Type and model

S

Part number

S

Serial number

S

UPS firmware

S

Network Management Card firmware

NOTE: The NMC firmware screen displays only if the Network Management Card is installed. See “Dell

Network Management Card“ on page 48.

Settings

Only available options are displayed.

User settings are not protected by default. You can enable the password through the User Password setting.

Table 7 displays the options that can be changed by the user.

Table 7. Settings

Description

Change Language

User Password

Audible Alarms

Available Settings

[English] [French] [German] [Spanish] [Japanese]

[Simplified Chinese] [Russian] [Korean]

[Traditional Chinese]

[Enabled] [Disabled]

If Enabled, the default password is USER.

NOTE: If you enter an incorrect password, the message “Wrong Password” appears. Press any button to return to the password screen and retry the password.

[Enabled] [Disabled]

NOTE: If you disable audible alarms, it takes effect instantly and remains disabled, even after a power cycle. This differs from the mute feature where the horn is temporarily silenced on any button press, but turns on again if a new alarm is triggered.

Default Setting

English

Disabled

Enabled

36 |

Operation

Table 7. Settings (continued)

Description

Set Date and Time

Control Commands from Serial

Port

Output Voltage

Output Frequency

Overload Alarm Level

Automatic Start Delay

Automatic on Battery Shutdown

Start on Battery

Available Settings Default Setting

Set Month, Day, Year, Hours, Minutes, and Seconds

Date:mm/dd/yyyy

Time: hh:mm:ss

NOTE: The date format is dependent on the language selection.

NOTE: Time is a 24-hour clock.

[Enabled] [Disabled]

If Enabled, control commands are accepted through the serial port, USB ports, or option card.

If Disabled, configuration and load control commands are restricted to LCD only.

[100V] [110V] [120V] [Auto-sensing]

[200V] [208V]

01/01/2009

12:00:00

Enabled

Auto-sensing

[220V] [230V] [240V]

[50Hz] [60Hz] [Auto-sensing]

[10%] [20%] [30%]...[100%]

If 100%, the UPS issues an Output Overload alarm at load > 100%.

NOTE: Output Overload Level 1 by default is set to

100% and is configurable from 10% to 100% in 10% increments through the LCD setting menu. This allows customers to be alerted before the UPS has reached its rated capacity limits.

[Off] [0s] [1s] [2s]...[32767s]

See “Configuring Load Segments” on page 41.

[Off] [0s] [1s] [2s]...[32767s]

See “Configuring Load Segments” on page 41.

[Enabled] [Disabled]

NOTE: Battery start is disabled from the factory and remains disabled until the UPS has been powered from utility and enters Standby mode. After the

UPS has been started once from utility, the Start on

Battery feature is automatically enabled. After this is set by the user, it remains set.

Auto-sensing

100%

0s

Off

Enabled

Operation

| 37

Table 7. Settings (continued)

Description

Battery Saving Mode

On Battery Notice Delay

Site Wiring Fault Alarm

External Battery Module (EBM)

Charger

Battery Charge % to Restart

Battery Low Alarm

Automatic Battery Tests

Available Settings

[Disabled] [10%] [20%] [30%]...[100%]

The UPS output is turned off in five minutes if the

UPS is on battery and output power is below the selected level.

[0] [1s] [2s]...[99s]

The UPS issues a “UPS on battery” notice in the specified number of seconds after the UPS starts to discharge the batteries.

[Enabled] [Disabled]

Default Setting

Disabled

0s

[0] [1]

See “Configuring the UPS for an EBM” on page 44.

[Enabled] [Disabled]

If Enabled, batteries charge normally.

If Disabled, the battery charger is off.

[0%] [10%] [20%] [30%]...[100%]

When enabled, automatic restart is made when the battery charge state reaches the selected level. If set to 0, the feature is disabled.

[Immediate] [2 min] [3 min] [5 min]

If you select a value, the battery low alarm triggers when the set amount of backup time

(approximately) remains in the batteries.

[Enabled] [Disabled]

See “Running Automatic Battery Tests” on page 45.

Disabled for 208V models; Enabled for all others

0

Enabled

0%

3 min

Enabled

38 |

Operation

Table 7. Settings (continued)

Description

Reset Peak Consumption Watts

Reset Cumulative Consumption kWh

Reset Peak Headroom Watts

Clear Event Log

LCD Contrast

Available Settings

[No] [Yes]

If No, no action.

If Yes, the Peak Consumption Watts value is cleared and the date and time stamp for this statistic is set to the current date and time.

[No] [Yes]

If No, no action.

If Yes, the Cumulative Consumption kWh value is cleared and the date and time stamp for this statistic is set to the current date and time.

[No] [Yes]

If No, no action.

If Yes, the Peak Headroom Watts value is cleared and the date and time stamp for this statistic is set to the current date and time.

Default Setting

No

No

No

The number after “Total events” shows how many events are currently stored in the log.

Press the button for one second to reset the event count to zero and clear the log.

[-5], [-4], [-3], [-2], [-1], [+0], [+1], [+2], [+3],

[+4], [+5]

The LCD Contrast is adjustable and the valid range is from -5 to +5. This range covers the maximum adjustment for contrasting the background with the text in the visual display of the control panel.

[+0]

Operation

| 39

Retrieving the Event Log

4

5

2

3

To retrieve the Event Log through the display:

1 Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Event Log menu using the button.

Press the button to enter the Event Log list.

Scroll through the listed events, notices, and alarms using either the

To return to the main menu, press the

Press the button. The UPS status screen displays.

button or the button.

button for one second. The Event Log displays.

Behavior on Overload

See Table 8 for an explanation of how the UPS responds to an overload condition.

Table 8. Behavior on Overload

Overload Severity Load Level

Level 1 100% to 101%

Level 2

Level 3

102% to 110%

> 110%

On Utility Power

Overload alarm only and support load indefinitely

Transfer to Fault mode in

2 minutes ( ± 1 sec)

Transfer to Fault mode in

300 ms to 1 sec

On Battery

Overload alarm only, support load until low battery shutdown level is reached

Transfer to Fault mode in 12 seconds

( ± 1 sec) or until low battery shutdown level is reached

Transfer to Fault mode in 300 ms to

1 sec

40 |

Operation

Configuring Load Segments

Load segments are sets of receptacles that can be controlled by the Dell UPS Management Software, the Dell Network Management Card, or through the LCD display, providing an orderly shutdown and startup of your equipment. For example, during a power outage, you can keep key pieces of equipment running while you turn off other equipment. This feature allows you to save battery power.

Each Dell Tower model has two configurable load segments. See “Identifying the UPS Rear Panels” on

page 13 for the load segment locations.

To control the load segments with power management software, see your power management software manual for details (refer to the Software CD or www.dell.com

for the latest information).

7

8

5

6

2

3

4

Controlling Load Segments Through the Display

To control the load segments through the display:

1 Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Control menu using the button.

Press the button to enter the Control menu.

Use the button to scroll to Load Segments.

Press the button.

The current setting for the option flashes when selected.

Select the desired load segment using the and buttons.

Set the desired load segment ON or OFF using the button.

Press the button for one second to confirm.

Set the other load segment if applicable.

Operation

| 41

Configuring Automatic Start Delay

You can configure the load segment to turn on automatically after the utility power returns, if it was shut down by:

S

The button

S

An external command with auto-restart option

S

Battery under voltage state

S

Automatic on battery shutdown command

You can specify the restart delay time for each load segment: select zero seconds (0s is the default) to restart immediately, select 1–32767 seconds to delay for the specified time, or select Off.

4

5

6

7

2

3

To set the restart delay times for each load segment:

1 Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Settings menu using the button.

Press the button to enter the Settings menu.

Use the button to scroll to the Automatic Start Delay option and press the button.

The current setting for the option flashes when selected.

Set the restart delay for one load segment using the and buttons.

Press the button to confirm.

Set the restart delay for the other load segment if applicable.

Press the button to confirm.

NOTE: Load segment On/Off commands issued through the Control menu override the user settings for load segments.

NOTE: A single load segment delay applies to both outlets. However, there is an additional built-in one-second delay between closing segment 1 and 2. The delay is always present when an On command is issued for both segments at the same time.

42 |

Operation

Configuring Automatic on Battery Shutdown

If set to Off (default), the load segment turns off only when commanded manually by the button, an external command, or through the display (Control > Load Segments).

If set to zero seconds (0s), the load segment turns off automatically when the UPS on Battery state activates.

If you select a value, the load segment turns off automatically after the selected delay while the UPS operates on battery, but the shutdown is cancelled if the utility returns before the delay has expired.

6

7

4

5

2

3

To set the shutdown times for each load segment:

1 Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Settings menu using the button.

Press the button to enter the Settings menu.

Use the button to scroll to the Automatic on Battery Shutdown option and press the button.

The options display and the current settings flash when selected.

Set the shutdown delay for one load segment using the and buttons.

Press the

Set the shutdown delay for the other load segment if applicable.

Press the

button to confirm.

button to confirm.

Operation

| 43

Configuring Battery Settings

Configure the UPS settings for an installed EBM, including whether to run automatic battery tests and automatic restart configuration.

2

3

Configuring the UPS for an EBM

If the UPS is not configured for the EBM, the UPS reports less battery time remaining on the UPS front panel and to any remote software. You may receive a shutdown warning prematurely. To ensure maximum battery runtime when using power management software, configure the UPS for the EBM:

1 Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Settings menu using the button.

Press the button to enter the Settings menu.

Use the button to scroll to the External Battery Module option and press the button.

The battery number value begins to flash.

4 Set the battery number value using the and buttons.

Configuration Setting

UPS only (internal batteries)

UPS + 1 EBM

0 (default)

1

NOTE: Runtime is automatically adjusted based on present load levels and whether an EBM is configured.

5 Press the button to confirm.

44 |

Operation

Running Automatic Battery Tests

The automatic discharge test, enabled by default, runs during the transition from Float to Rest mode.

After the test completes, the charge cycle restarts to completely charge the batteries and then continues to Rest mode normally. The automatic test runs approximately once every three months and does not run again until after three more Float to Rest mode transitions. If a manual battery test is requested, the automatic battery test timer is reset so it will not run for the next three months.

For an automatic battery test to run:

S

The Automatic Battery Tests setting must be enabled for the automatic battery tests to run. (See the following section, “Configuring Automatic Battery Tests.”)

S

The batteries must be fully charged.

S

The UPS must be in Normal mode with no active alarms.

S

The load must be higher than 10%.

4

5

2

3

Configuring Automatic Battery Tests

To configure the automatic battery tests:

1 Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Settings menu using the button.

Press the button to enter the Settings menu.

Use the button to scroll to the Automatic Battery Tests option and press the button.

The option begins to flash.

Select whether to enable or disable the automatic battery test using the and buttons.

Press the button to confirm.

Configuring Automatic Restart

The UPS automatically restarts if the utility power returns after the output was shut off due to depleted batteries, a shutdown input signal, or automatic shutdown command.

You can set the load segment for the amount of time to delay the restart when utility power returns, using the Automatic Start Delay setting. You can also configure UPS restart to depend on the battery charge level, using the Battery Charge % to Restart setting.

Operation

| 45

Additional UPS Features

This chapter describes:

S

Communication ports (RS-232 and USB)

S Dell Network Management Card

S

Network transient protector

S

Dell UPS Management Software

RS-232 and USB Communication Ports

To establish communication between the UPS and a computer, connect your computer to one of the

UPS communication ports using an appropriate communication cable (RS-232 cable not supplied). See

“Identifying the UPS Rear Panels” on page 13 for the communication port locations.

When the communication cable is installed, power management software can exchange data with the

UPS. The software polls the UPS for detailed information on the status of the power environment. If a power emergency occurs, the software initiates the saving of all data and an orderly shutdown of the equipment.

The cable pins for the RS-232 communication port are identified in Figure 21, and the pin functions are

described in Table 9.

5

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Figure 21. RS-232 Communication Port (DB-9 Connector)

46 |

Additional UPS Features

Table 9. RS-232 Communication Port Pin Assignment

Pin Signal Name Function

5

6

3

4

1

2 Tx

Rx

GND

7

8

9

*Unused pins must be left free on all models.

Unused

Transmit to external device

Receive from external device

Unused

Signal common (tied to chassis)

Unused

Unused

Unused

Unused

Direction from the UPS

Out

In

Additional UPS Features

| 47

Dell Network Management Card (Optional)

The Dell Tower UPS has one available communication bay, which supports the optional Dell Network

Management Card. See Figure 22 for the location of the communication bay.

It is not necessary to shut down the UPS before installing a communication card.

1

2

3

Remove the slot cover secured by two screws. Retain the screws.

Insert the communication card into the slot.

Secure the card with both screws.

Figure 22. Dell Network Management Card

For details on disabling control commands from the Dell Network Management Card, see the Control

Commands from Serial Port setting on page 37.

Refer to the Dell Network Management Card User's Guide for more information.

48 |

Additional UPS Features

Network Transient Protector

1

2

The network transient protector, shown in Figure 23, is located on the rear panel and has jacks labeled

IN and OUT. This feature accommodates a single RJ‐45 (10BaseT) network connector.

NOTE: DO NOT connect any telephone or fax/modem equipment (RJ-11) to the UPS.

Connect the input connector of the equipment you are protecting to the jack labeled IN.

Connect the network cable to the jack labeled OUT.

OUT

OUT IN

IN

1920/1500W

500–1000W

Figure 23. Network Transient Protector

Dell UPS Management Software

Each Dell Tower UPS ships with Dell UPS Management Software.

Dell UPS Management Software provides up-to-date graphics of UPS power and system data and power flow. It also gives you a complete record of critical power events, and it notifies you of important UPS or power information. If there is a power outage and the Dell Tower UPS battery power becomes low, the software can automatically shut down your computer system to protect your data before the UPS shutdown occurs.

For details on disabling control commands from the software, see the user setting for Control

Commands from Serial Port setting on page 37.

Additional UPS Features

| 49

UPS Maintenance

This chapter explains how to:

S

Care for the UPS and batteries

S Transport the UPS

S

Store the UPS and batteries

S

Test the batteries

S

Update the UPS firmware

UPS and Battery Care

For the best preventive maintenance, keep the area around the UPS clean and dust‐free. If the atmosphere is very dusty, clean the outside of the system with a vacuum cleaner.

For full battery life, keep the UPS at an ambient temperature of 25°C (77°F).

NOTE: The batteries in the UPS are rated for a 3–5 year service life. The length of service life varies, depending on the frequency of usage and ambient temperature. Batteries used beyond expected service life will often have severely reduced runtimes. Replace batteries at least every 5 years to keep units running at peak efficiency.

6

50 |

UPS Maintenance

Transporting the UPS

NOTE: The internal UPS batteries MUST be disconnected before transportation.

CAUTION: The following procedure should be performed or supervised by personnel knowledgeable about batteries and the required precautions. Keep unauthorized personnel away from batteries.

1

2

If the UPS requires any type of transportation, the batteries must be disconnected (but not removed) before the unit is transported:

Verify that the UPS is off and unplugged.

Remove the UPS front cover (see Figure 24):

Push the two cover latches to release the front cover and pull up.

Figure 24. Removing the UPS Front Cover

UPS Maintenance

| 51

3

Unscrew the thumbscrew on the the metal battery cover and remove the cover (see Figure 25).

Figure 25. Removing the Battery Cover

4

Disconnect the internal battery connector (see Figure 26).

Figure 26. Disconnecting the Internal Battery Connector

5

6

Replace the metal battery cover.

Torque the screw to 0.7 Nm (6.2 lb in).

Replace the UPS front cover.

52 |

UPS Maintenance

Storing the UPS and Batteries

If you store the UPS for a long period, recharge the battery every 6 months by plugging the UPS into a power outlet. The batteries charge to 90% capacity in approximately 4 hours (8 hours for 500W models). However, it is recommended that the batteries charge for 48 hours after long-term storage.

Check the battery recharge date on the shipping carton label. If the date has passed and the batteries were never recharged, do not use the UPS. Contact your service representative.

When to Replace Batteries

When the status summary screen displays the UPS fault icon with the “Service Battery” alarm and the audible alarm sounds continuously, the batteries may need replacing. Contact your service representative to order new batteries.

NOTE: With the user-replaceable battery feature, UPS batteries can be replaced easily without turning the UPS off or disconnecting the load.

Testing Batteries

For a battery test to run:

S

The batteries must be fully charged.

S

The UPS must be in Normal mode with no active alarms.

S

The load must be higher than 10%.

3

4

5

To test the batteries:

1

2

Plug the UPS into a power outlet for at least 48 hours to charge the batteries.

Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Control menu using the button.

Press the

Use the button to scroll to the Battery Test option.

Press the

button to enter the Control menu.

button to start the battery test.

During the battery test, the UPS transfers to Battery mode and discharges the batteries for 25% of the original expected runtime. The front panel displays “Battery test running” and the percentage of the test completed. The results display on the UPS front panel when complete.

UPS Maintenance

| 53

Updating the UPS Firmware

To keep the UPS firmware updated with the latest improvements and benefits, visit www.dell.com

for updates. You can download the latest firmware version and the instructions for installing it.

54 |

UPS Maintenance

Specifications

This chapter provides the following specifications:

S

Model list

S Dimensions and weights

S

Electrical input and output

S

Environmental and safety

S

Battery

S

UPS block diagram

Table 10. Model List

UPS Models

External Battery Module

(EBM)

100/120V Models 230V Models

500T LV (H900N), 500W

1000T LV (K788N), 1000W

1920T LV (J716N), 1920W

(1500W at 100V)

500T HV (J715N), 500W

1000T HV (H914N), 1000W

1920T HV (K789N), 1920W

1000T EBM (K806N), 36 Vdc

1920T EBM (H965N), 72 Vdc

7

Table 11. Dimensions and Weights

Dimensions

(W H

Weights

D)

UPS Models

500W: 170.0

216.0

393.0 mm

(6.7

” 8.5

” 15.5

” )

1000W: 170.0

250.0

450.0 mm

(6.7

” 9.8

” 17.7

” )

1920/1500W: 226.0

274.5

500.0 mm

(8.9

” 10.8

” 19.7

” )

500W: 11.6 kg (25.6 lb)

1000W: 18.3 kg (40.3 lb)

1920/1500W: 30.5 kg (67.2 lb)

EBM Models

1000W: 170.0

250.0

450.0 mm

(6.7

” 9.8

” 17.7

” )

1920W: 226.0

274.5

500.0 mm

(8.9

” 10.8

” 19.7

” )

1000W: 23.1 kg (47.6 lb)

1920W: 42.5 kg (93.6 lb)

Specifications

| 55

Table 12. Electrical Input

Nominal Voltage

Voltage Range

Nominal Frequency

Efficiency (Normal mode)

Noise Filtering

Connections

100/120V Models 230V Models

100/120V

84–150V auto-sensing

230V

160–286V auto-sensing

50/60 Hz auto-sensing, ± 3 Hz

>95%

Full-time EMI/RFI filtering

500W, 1000W: IEC 320-C14 input connector, 15A

1920/1500W: IEC 320-C20 input connector,

20A

500W, 1000W, 1920W:

IEC 320-C14 input connector, 10A

Table 13. Electrical Output

Power Levels

(rated at nominal inputs)

Regulation (Normal mode)

100/120V Models 230V Models

100V: 92–108V

110V: 100–121V

120V: 106–132V

500W

1000W

1920W (1500W for 100V)

220V: 198–243V

230V: 208–253V

240V: 216–264V

Same as line mode Regulation (Battery mode),

Nominal Voltage ±5%

Voltage Waveform

Output Receptacles 500W:

1000W:

(4) 5-15R; 15A

(2) 5-15R; 15A

(6) 5-15R; 15A

(2) 5-15R; 15A

1920/1500W: (8) 5-15/5-20R; 10A

(2) 5-15/5-20R; 10A

Sine wave

500W: (4) IEC 320-C13, 15/10A

(2) IEC 320-C13, 15/10A

1000W: (6) IEC 320-C13, 15/10A

(2) IEC 320-C13, 15/10A

1920W: (8) IEC 320-C13, 10A

(2) IEC 320-C13, 10A

56 |

Specifications

Table 14. Environmental and Safety

Operating Temperature

Transit/Storage

Temperature

Relative Humidity

Operating Altitude

Audible Noise

Fan Speed

Surge Suppression

Safety Conformance

Agency Markings

EMC

100/120V Models 230V Models

Up to 1,500 meters: 0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F)

Above 1,500 meters: 0°C to 35°C (32°F to 95°F)

-15°C to 60°C (5°F to 140°F)

0–95% noncondensing

Up to 3,048 meters (0–10,000 ft) above sea level

Normal mode: less than 40 dBA typical

Battery mode: less than 50 dBA typical

Off: when the UPS is in Standby mode or there is no load

Low speed: when the load is <80%

High speed: when the load is >80% or the UPS is in Battery mode

ANSI/IEEE C62.41; 2002 Category B

UL 1778 4th Edition;

CSA C22.2, No. 107.3

UL 1778 4th Edition;

CSA C22.2, No. 107.3;

IEC/EN 62040-1-1; IEC/EN 60950-1

UL, cUL, NOM/NYCE UL, cUL, CE, GS, GOST, BSMI,

S-MARK, KC, CQC, NRCS, SIRIM

FCC, VCCI, ICES-003, BSMI CE, BSMI, CQC, C-tick

Specifications

| 57

Table 15. Battery

Configuration

Voltage

500W: (2) 12V, 7 Ah internal batteries (no EBM)

1000W: (3) 12V, 9 Ah internal batteries; (6) 12V, 9 Ah EBM

1920/1500W: (6) 12V, 9 Ah internal batteries; (12) 12V, 9 Ah EBM

500W: 24 Vdc internal

1000W: 36 Vdc internal, 36 Vdc EBM

1920/1500W: 72 Vdc internal, 72 Vdc EBM

Fuses

Type

500W internal battery: (2) 40A fuses

1000W, 1920/1500W internal batteries:

(2) 30A fuses

1000W, 1920W EBMs: (4) 30A fuses

Sealed, maintenance‐free, valve‐regulated, lead‐acid

Charging

Monitoring

Battery Runtimes

Internal batteries: approximately 4 hours to 90% (8 hours for 500W models) usable capacity at nominal line and no supplementary power supply load

EBMs: approximately 12 hours to 90% from a discharge of 50% rated load

Advanced monitoring for earlier failure detection and warning

Internal batteries: 5 minutes at full load/14 minutes at half load

UPS with one EBM attached: 19 minutes at full load/45 minutes at half load

*Battery runtimes are approximate and vary depending on the load configuration and battery charge.

Input

Filter

AVR

Charger

Battery

Figure 27. Line-Interactive UPS Block Diagram

DC/DC

Converter

DC/AC

Inverter

Output

Filter

58 |

Specifications

Troubleshooting

The Dell Tower UPS is designed for durable, automatic operation and issues alarms to alert you whenever potential operating problems occur. Usually the alarms shown by the control panel do not mean that the output power is affected. Instead, they are preventive alarms intended to alert the user.

Active alarms and active notices are accompanied by an audible buzzer.

8

Accessing Alarms and Conditions

The control panel provides troubleshooting information from two main menus:

S

UPS Status menu: access to all active alarms

S

Event Log menu: access to the most recent 50 events, which may include active and closed alarms

UPS Status Menu

From the UPS Status menu, you can access the following screens for troubleshooting information:

S

Status summary screen: The status summary screen provides information on both mode and load.

When there is a critical alarm, the status summary screen changes from its normal white text on a blue background to dark amber text on an amber background.

S

Notice or alarm screens: A separate screen appears for each active notice or alarm. If there are no active alarms or notices, the display reads “No Active Alarms.”

S

Battery status screen: The battery status screen indicates the battery charge mode, the percent the battery is charged, and the runtime with the present load level.

NOTE: When an alarm is active, the control panel automatically displays an active alarm screen unless the screen lock is enabled by the user.

4

5

To access troubleshooting information using the UPS Status menu:

1

2

3

Press the

Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection.

button to access the UPS Status menu.

Press the button to access the UPS status summary screen.

The UPS status summary screen provides load information. The status icon indicates the UPS

operating mode (see Table 4 on page 32).

Use the button to scroll through the active notice and active alarm screens.

After scrolling through all alarms, press the button to access the Battery Status screen.

Troubleshooting

| 59

Event Log Menu

From the Event Log menu, you can access the last 50 events, which includes events, notices, and alarms, arranged from newest to oldest.

Events are silent conditions that are recorded in the Event Log as status information, such as “Clock Set

Done.” Events do not require a response.

2

3

Notices and alarms are records of when events occurred and, if applicable, when they were cleared.

S

Notices, including active notices, are recorded in the Event Log. Active notices, such as “UPS on

Battery,” are announced by an intermittent beep. Notices do not normally require a response.

S

Alarms, including active alarms, are recorded in the Event Log. Active alarms are announced by an intermittent beep. Examples are “Output Overload” and “Heatsink Overtemperature.” Active alarms require a response.

The Main Status Menu displays by default. To access troubleshooting information using the Event Log menu:

1 Press the button for one second to go to the main menu selection and scroll down to the

Event Log menu using the button.

Click the button to enter the Event Log list.

Scroll through the listed events, notices, and alarms using the or button.

Typical Alarms and Conditions

Table 16 describes typical alarms and conditions.

Table 16. Typical Alarms and Conditions

Alarm or Condition

The UPS does not provide or indicate the expected backup time.

Power is not available at the

UPS output receptacles.

Possible Cause

The batteries need charging or service.

The UPS is in Standby mode.

The UPS does not start. (The

LCD is off.)

The UPS operates normally, but some or all of the protected equipment is not on.

Power is not connected.

The equipment is not connected correctly to the UPS.

Action

Apply utility power for 48 hours to charge the batteries. If the condition persists, contact your service representative.

Supply power to the connected equipment by pressing the On/Off button until the front panel displays the UPS status summary screen.

Check the power cord connections. Also ensure that the battery is plugged in.

Verify that the equipment is plugged into the

UPS receptacles. Also verify that the load segment is on.

60 |

Troubleshooting

Table 16. Typical Alarms and Conditions (continued)

Alarm or Condition

Battery test did not run or was interrupted.

UPS on Battery

(Notice 168)

Intermittent Alarm

Battery Disconnected

(Alarm 199)

Continuous Alarm

Possible Cause

One of the conditions listed in

“Running Automatic Battery

Tests” on page 45 was not

present.

A utility failure has occurred and the UPS is in Battery mode.

Action

Resolve the condition, then restart the test.

The UPS is powering the equipment with battery power. Prepare your equipment for shutdown.

Low Battery Warning

(Alarm 56)

Continuous Alarm

Shutdown Imminent

(Alarm 55)

Continuous Alarm

Battery Test Failed

(Alarm 191)

Intermittent Alarm

Service Battery

(Alarm 149)

Continuous Alarm

Utility Not Present

(Alarm 59)

Intermittent Alarm

The UPS does not recognize the internal batteries.

Battery voltage is lower than the batteries disconnected level defined for this UPS. This may be due to a blown fuse, intermittent battery connection, or battery cable being disconnected.

Battery time remaining or battery capacity is lower than the battery low warning level defined for this UPS.

Communication to external devices stops because the UPS has entered a state where it may abruptly stop operating without further notice unless utility returns.

A weak battery string was detected during the last battery test.

If the condition persists, contact your service representative.

Verify that all batteries are properly connected.

If the condition persists, contact your service representative.

This warning is approximate. The actual time to shutdown may vary depending on the UPS load and presence of an External Battery Module

(EBM).

The alarm is issued when the battery time remaining reaches zero. All connected devices should have already shut down gracefully.

This is a warning notice. Dell recommends that you replace the batteries soon.

A faulted battery string has been detected and as a result, the charger is disabled.

Utility level has fallen below the

Utility Not Present threshold

(typically <25 to 50V).

Contact your service representative.

The UPS transfers to Battery mode if supporting the load. The UPS shuts down if it is not supporting the load.

Troubleshooting

| 61

Table 16. Typical Alarms and Conditions (continued)

Alarm or Condition

Input AC Over Voltage

(Alarm 6)

Intermittent Alarm

Input AC Under Voltage

(Alarm 7)

Intermittent Alarm

Input Under/Over Frequency

(Alarm 8)

Intermittent Alarm

Site Wiring Problem

(Alarm 194)

Continuous Alarm

Possible Cause

Utility voltage exceeds the maximum operating range.

Utility voltage is below the minimum operating range.

The utility frequency is out of usable frequency range.

An alarm triggers when the difference between ground and neutral voltage is >15V.

Output Overload

(Alarm 25)

Continuous Alarm

The load level is at or has exceeded the configurable threshold limit for a Level 1

Overload condition.

Output Overload Level 2

(Alarm 159)

Continuous Alarm

The load level is >101% and

<110% of the UPS rating.

Output Overload Level 3

(Alarm 162)

Continuous Alarm

Battery DC Over Voltage

(Alarm 68)

Continuous Alarm

Charger Failure

(Alarm 34)

Continuous Alarm

The load is >110% of the UPS rating.

Battery voltage levels have exceeded the maximum allowable limits.

A battery charger fault has been detected.

Action

The UPS transfers to Battery mode if supporting load.

The UPS transfers to Battery mode if supporting load.

The UPS transfers to Battery mode if supporting load.

Have a qualified electrician correct the wiring problem. If the UPS is not wired with a neutral wire, Site Fault should be disabled in the

Settings menu (see page 36).

The UPS can support the load indefinitely at this load level.

The alarm clears when the load drops below

5% of the set point.

Remove some of the equipment from the

UPS. The UPS continues to operate, but transfers to Fault mode in two minutes.

The alarm clears when the load drops below

5% of the set point.

Remove some of the equipment from the

UPS. The UPS continues to operate, but transfers to Fault mode in 300 ms to one second.

The alarm clears when the load drops below

5% of the set point.

The UPS turns off the charger until the next power recycle. Contact your service representative.

The UPS turns off the charger until the next power recycle. Contact your service representative.

62 |

Troubleshooting

Table 16. Typical Alarms and Conditions (continued)

Alarm or Condition

Output Short Circuit

(Alarm 58)

Continuous Alarm

Heatsink Over Temperature

(Alarm 73)

Continuous Alarm

Fatal EEPROM Fault

(Alarm 53)

Continuous Alarm

Fan Failure

(Alarm 193)

Continuous Alarm

Possible Cause

The UPS has detected an abnormally low impedance placed on its output and considers it a short circuit.

The UPS has detected that one of its heat sinks has exceeded the maximum defined operating temperature. Possible fan failure.

There is EEPROM data corruption due to a failed device or incorrect flash upgrade.

The UPS has detected that one or more fans are not functioning properly.

Action

The UPS shuts down after five line cycles.

Ensure that the fans are spinning and that the air intake vents on the UPS are not blocked.

Once the maximum temperature is reached, the UPS shuts down.

Contact your service representative.

This is an alarm only. Contact your service representative immediately and remove the load.

Silencing the Alarm

Press any button on the control panel to silence the alarm. Check the alarm condition and perform the applicable action to resolve the condition. If any new alarm becomes active, the audible alarm resumes, overriding the previously silenced alarm.

Troubleshooting

| 63

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Key Features

  • 0.24 kVA 500 W
  • 6 AC outlet(s)
  • Tower Black

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