Honda DN-01 Owner's manual

Honda DN-01 Owner's manual
 OWNER'S MANUAL
E HONDA USO E MANUTENZIONE
MANUAL DEL PROPIETARIO
NSA 700A
DN-O 1
-
Honda NSA700A
DN-01
OWNERS MANUAL
USO E MANUTENZIONE
MANUAL DEL PROPIETARIO
© Honda Motor Co., Ltd. 2008
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
e OPERATOR AND PASSENGER
This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and one passenger. Never exceed the
maximum weight capacity as shown on the accessories and loading label.
e ON-ROAD USE
This motorcycle is designed to be used only on the road.
e READ THIS OWNER’S MANUAL CAREFULLY
Pay special attention to the safety messages that appear throughout the manual. These
messages are fully explained in the “A Few Words About Safety” section which appears
before the Contents page. |
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain
with the motorcycle when resold. |
Honda NSA700A
DN-01
OWNER’S MANUAL
All information in this publication is based on the latest production information
available at the time of approval for printing. Honda Motor Co.,Ltd. reserves the
right to make changes at any time without notice and without incurring any
obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
WELCOME
The motorcycle presents you a challenge to master the machine, a challenge to adventure.
You ride through the wind, linked to the road by a vehicle that responds to your commands
as no other does. Unlike an automobile, there is no metal cage around you. Like an airplane, a
provide inspection and regular maintenance are essential to your safety. Your reward is
reedom.
To meet the challenges safely, and to enjoy the adventure fully, you should become
thoroughly familiar with this owner's manual BEFORE YOU RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE.
As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This
information is intended to help you avoid damage to your motorcycle, other property, or the
environment.
When service is required, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best. If
you have the required mechanical “know-how” and tools, your dealer can supply you with an
official Honda Shop Manual to help you perform many maintenance and repair tasks.
Pleasant riding, and thank you for choosing a Honda !
e The following codes in this manual indicate each country.
e The illustrations herein are based on the ED type.
e The specifications may vary with each locale.
A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely
is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
e Safety Labels — on the motorcycle.
e Safety Messages — preceded by a safety alert symbol Á and one of three signal words:
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
| You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don't follow
4 DANGER instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don't follow
A WARNING instructions. y
| 4 CAUTION You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
e Safety Headings — such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
° Safety Section — such as Motorcycle Safety.
* Instructions — how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information — please read it carefully.
OPERATION
1
2
4
page
1 MOTORCYCLE SAFETY
IMPORTANT SAFETY
INFORMATION
PROTECTIVE APPAREL
LOAD LIMITS AND GUIDELINES
8 PARTS LOCATION
11
INSTRUMENTS AND
INDICATORS
31 MAJOR COMPONENTS
31
32
35
37
40
41
42
(Information you need to operate
this motorcycle)
SUSPENSION
BRAKES
COOLANT
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
FINAL DRIVE OIL
TUBELESS TYRES
page
48 ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL
48
49
ol
54
56
58
59
COMPONENTS
IGNITION SWITCH
KEYS
IMMOBILIZER SYSTEM (HISS)
RIGHT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
LEFT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
HAZARD WARNING SYSTEM
SWITCH
HFT (Human-Friendly
Transmission)
page page
69 FEATURES 89 OPERATION
(Not required for operation) 89 PRE-RIDE INSPECTION
69 STEERING LOCK 91 STARTING THE ENGINE
70 PARKING BRAKE 95 RUNNING-IN
71 SEAT 96 RIDING
73 HELMET HOLDER 102 BRAKING
74 DOCUMENT BAG 106 PARKING
75 STORAGE COMPARTMENT FOR 107 ANTI-THEFT TIPS
U-SHAPED ANTI-THEFT LOCK
76 RIGHT SIDE COVER
77 REAR COWL
82 UNDER COWL
84 FRONT COWL
86 HEADLIGHT AIM VERTICAL
ADJUSTMENT
87 CLIP
MAINTENANCE
page
108 MAINTENANCE
108
109
110
111
114
115
116
117
123
124
127
129
130
131
132
133
134
141
THE IMPORTANCE OF
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
TOOL KIT
SERIAL NUMBERS
COLOUR LABEL
ENGINE OIL
CRANKCASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUGS
FINAL DRIVE OIL
THROTTLE OPERATION
COOLANT
AIR CLEANER
FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSION
INSPECTION
SIDE STAND
WHEEL REMOVAL
BRAKE PAD WEAR
page
143
145
149
150
151
BATTERY
FUSE REPLACEMENT
BRAKELIGHT SWITCH
ADJUSTMENT
BRAKE LOCK OPERATION
BULB REPLACEMENT
160 CLEANING
165 STORAGE GUIDE
165
167
STORAGE
REMOVAL FROM STORAGE
168 SPECIFICATIONS
173 CATALYTIC CONVERTER
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Your motorcycle can provide many years of
service and pleasure — if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges that you can
meet on the road.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You'll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. Following are a few that we
consider to be most important.
Always Wear a Helmet |
Its a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 2). |
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles
because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
ing or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride Within Your Limits
Pushing the limits is another major cause of
motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond
your personal abilities or faster than
conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol,
drugs, fatigue and inattention can
significantly reduce your ability to make
good judgements and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction time
gets worse with every additional drink. So
don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your
friends drink and ride either.
Keep Your Bike in Safe Condition
For safe riding, it’s important to inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits, and only use
accessories that have been approved by
Honda for this motorcycle. See page 4 for
more details.
PROTECTIVE APPAREL
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt
or jacket whenever you ride. Although
complete protection is not possible, wearing
proper gear can reduce the chance of injury
when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose proper gear.
A WARNING
Not wearing a helmet increases the
chance of serious injury or death in a
crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye protection
and other protective apparel when you
ride.
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece of
riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-coloured helmet can
make you more noticeable in traffic, as can
reflective strips.
An open-face helmet offers some protection,
but a fullface helmet offers more. Always
wear a face shield or goggles to protect
your eyes and help your vision.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
e Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
e Leather gloves to keep your hands warm
and help prevent blisters, cuts, burns and
bruises.
® А motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection. Bright-
coloured and reflective clothing can help
make you more noticeable in traffic. Be
sure to avoid loose clothes that could get
caught on any part of your motorcycle.
LOAD LIMITS AND GUIDELINES
Your motorcycle has been designed to carry
you and one passenger. When you carry a
passenger, you may feel some difference
during acceleration and braking. But so long
as you keep your motorcycle well-
maintained, with good tyres and brakes, you
can safely carry loads within the given limits
and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
affect your motorcycle’s handling, braking
and stability. Non-Honda accessories,
improper modifications, and poor
maintenance can also reduce your safety
margin.
The following pages give more specific
information on loading, accessories and
modifications.
Loading
How much weight you put on your
motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you ride
with a passenger or cargo you should be
aware of the following information.
Overloading or improper loading can
cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other loading
guidelines in this manual.
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Maximum weight capacity:
164 kg (362 165)
Includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo and all accessories
Maximum cargo weight:
5kg (11 Ibs)
The weight of added accessories will reduce
the maximum cargo weight you can carry.
Loading Guidelines
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You may
wish to secure a jacket or other small items
to the seat when you are not riding with a
passenger.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check with
your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure
to read the information regarding
accessories on page 7.
Improperly loading your motorcycle can
affect its stability and handling. Even if your
motorcycle is properly loaded, you should
ride at reduced speeds and never exceed
130 km/h (80 mph) when carrying cargo.
Follow these guidelines whenever you carry
a passenger or cargo:
oe Check that both tyres are properly
inflated (page 42).
e If you change your normal load, you may
need to adjust the rear suspension (page
31).
e To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is
securely tied down before you ride away.
e Place cargo weight as close to the center
of the motorcycle as possible.
e Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
Accessories and Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using non-
Honda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider
making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following
information.
Improper accessories or modifications
can cause a crash in which you can be
seriousiy hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this owners
manual regarding accessories and
modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
Honda Genuine Accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection, installation
and use of non-Honda accessories. Check
with your dealer for assistance and always
follow these guidelines:
* Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and banking angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position or interfere with
operating any controls.
* Be sure electrical equipment does not
exceed the motorcycle’s electrical system
capacity (page 172). A blown fuse can
cause a loss of lights or engine power.
* Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and their
use can seriously impair your motorcycle's
handling.
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change its
design or operation. Such changes could
seriously impair your motorcycle's handling,
stability and braking, making it unsafe to
ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
mufflers, emission control system or other
equipment can also make your motorcycle
illegal.
PARTS LOCATION
Instrument Panel
Indicators Front brake fluid reservoir
Rearview mirror Rearview mirror
Passing light control switch N Mode shift switch
C Engine stop switch
Shift switch 7: ETE OP
AN ass. SY EJ Front brake lever
LD 5j PT
( a SN
Turn signal switch Throttle grip
N-D shift switch
Horn button 7
/ Start button
Headlight dimmer switch Ignition switch
Fuel fill lid Hazard switch
Oil filler cap
Storage compartment for
U-shaped anti-theft lock
ki
s
8
E
ta
¿
>. Tool
Rear brake pedal
Step board
Crankcase breather tube
Dipstick
Passenger footpeg
Coolant reserve tank
Rear suspension spring preload adjuster Helmet holder
HFT fuse
Air cleaner element Fuse box Main fuse
Battery
Final drive gear
oil filler cap
! Fi inal drive gear
Oil drain bolt oil drain plug
Step board Side stand Passenger footpeg
10
INSTRUMENTS AND
INDICATORS
The indicators are contained in the
instrument panel. Their functions are
described in the tables on the following
pages.
(1) Tachometer
(2) Odometer/tripmeter
(3) Speedometer
(4) Fuel gauge
(5) Tachometer red zone
(6) Right turn signal indicator
(7) Left turn signal indicator
(8) Digital clock
(9) Immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
(10) High coolant temperature indicator
(11) High beam indicator
(12) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL)
(13) Neutral indicator
(14) Low oil level/pressure indicator
(15) Anti-lock brake system (ABS) indicator
(16) Parking brake indicator
1) © 8 © 6
99960 CONOOE
(8)
(9) (13) | (16) || (18)
(14) (15)
wo EL
(19) —
(10) (11) (12)
(20) (21)
(17) D mode indicator
(18) S mode indicator
(19) Shift indicator
(20) SEL button
(21) RESET button 1
(Ref.No.) Description
(1) Tachometer
Function
Shows engine revolutions per minute.
This gauge shows the initial display (page 19 ).
(2) Odometer/Tripmeter
Shows odometer and tripmeter À and B.
This display shows the initial display (page 19 ).
Odometer
Shows accumulated mileage (page 24 ).
Tripmeter
Shows mileage per trip (page 24 ).
(3) Speedometer
Shows riding speed.
This display shows the initial display (page 19).
(4) Fuel gauge
Shows approximate fuel supply available (page 20 ).
This gauge shows the initial display (page 19 ).
12
(Ref.No.) Description
Function
(5) Tachometer red zone
Never allow the tachometer gauge liquid crystal
display to enter the red zone, even after the engine
has been broken in.
Running the engine beyond recommended maximum
engine speed (the beginning of the tachometer red
zone) can damage the engine.
(6) Right turn signal indicator
(green)
Flashes when the right turn signal operates or hazard
switch operates.
(7) Left turn signal indicator
(green)
Flashes when the left turn signal operates or hazard
switch operates.
| (8) Digital clock
Shows hour and minute (page 26 ).
This display shows the initial display (page 19 ).
If the engine oil level can not be detected for long
periods, the digital clock will change to the OIL-
check display (page 29).
13
(Ref .No.) Description
(9) Immobilizer system
(HISS) indicator
(red)
Function
This indicator lights for a few seconds when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop
switch is at () (RUN). It will then go off if the
properly-coded key has been inserted. If an
improperly-coded key has been inserted, the
indicator will remain on and the engine will not start
(page 51).
When the blinking function of this indicator is valid
and the ignition switch is OFF, it keeps blinking for
24 hours (page 52).
(10) High coolant
temperature indicator
(red)
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. Should also lights for a few seconds and
then go off when the ignition switch is turned ON.
If the indicator goes on while riding, stop the engine
and check the reserve tank coolant level. Read pages
35 — 36 and do not ride the motorcycle until the
problem has been corrected.
Exceeding maximum running temperature may cause
serious engine damage.
14
(Ref .No.) Description Function
(11) High beam indicator (blue) | Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
(12) PGM-FI malfunction Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI
indicator lamp (MIL) (Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also
(amber) light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and engine stop switch
is at () (RUN). If the indicator comes on at any
other time, reduce speed and take the motorcycle to
a Honda dealer as soon as possible.
(13) Neutral indicator (green) Lights when the transmission is in neutral.
15
(Ref No.) Description
Function
(14) Low oil level/
pressure indicator
(red)
Lights when the engine oil level is less than specified
capacity or engine oil pressure is below normal
operating range. Should light when ignition switch is
ON and engine is not running. Should go off when
the engine starts, except for occasional flickering at
or near idling speed when engine is warm.
If the indicator lights while riding, stop the engine
and check the engine oil level. Read pages 22 —
23 and do not ride the motorcycle until the problem
has been corrected.
Running the engine with insufficient oil level or oil
pressure may cause serious damage to the engine
and transmission.
(15) Antilock Brake System
(ABS) indicator
(amber)
This indicator normally comes on when the ignition
switch is turned ON, and goes off after you ride the
motorcycle at speed above 10 km/h (6 mph). H there
is a problem with the Anti-lock Brake System, this
indicator flashes and remains on (page 105).
16
(Ref .No.) Description
Function
(16) Parking brake indicator
(red)
It lights as a reminder that you have not released the
parking brake.
(17) D mode indicator
Comes on when the transmission is switched from
neutral to the D mode (page 62).
Comes on when the D mode is selected in the
automatic shift mode (page 64).
(18) S mode indicator
Comes on when the S mode is selected in the
automatic shift mode (page 64 ).
(19) Shift indicator
Shows the gear position when the 6-speed manual
mode is selected (page 65 ).
17
| (Ref.No.) Description
(20) SEL button
Function
Use this button for the following purposes.
e To select the tripmeter À, tripmeter B or odometer
(page 24).
e To adjust time (page 26 )
e To alter the blinking function of the immobilizer
system (HISS) indicator (page 52).
(21) RESET button
Use this button for the following purposes.
e To reset tripmeter (page 24 )
e To change unit of speedometer, odometer and
tripmeter (page 25 ) (E type only)
e To adjust time (page 26)
18
Initial Display
When the ignition switch is turned ON, the
display will temporarily show all the modes
and digital segments. Then, the
speedometer (1) will show from 200 km/h
to 0 km/h (E type: From 130 mph to 0 mph
in mph), and the tachometer (2) will sweep
to red zone again and go off. This is so that,
you can make sure the liquid crystal display
is functioning properly.
The unit “mph” ( 3 ) and “mile” ( 4 ) will be
displayed for E type.
Digital clock (5) and tripmeter (6) will
reset if the battery is disconnected.
(9)
(1) Speedometer
(2) Tachometer
(3) “mph”
(4) “mile”
(5) Digital clock
(6) Tripmeter
19
Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge liquid crystal display (1)
shows the approximate fuel supply available
in a graduated display. When the segment F
(2) goes on, the fuel tank capacity including
reserve is:
15.0 £ (3.96 US gal , 3.30 Imp gal)
When segment E (3) flashes, fuel will be
low and you should refill the tank as soon as
possible.
The amount of fuel left in the tank with the
vehicle set upright is approximately:
3.0 8 (0.79 US gal , 0.66 Imp gal)
20
a (1)
(3)
Tet
- q
(1) Fuel gauge liquid crystal display
(2) Segment F
(3) Segment E
Fuel Gauge Failure Indication:
When the fuel system has an error, all
segments will blink.
If this occurs, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible.
У’
>
a
v
TT
mB
»
>
Lo,
21
Low Oil Level/Pressure Indicator
The low oil level/pressure indicator (1)
lights when engine oil level is less than
specified capacity or engine oil pressure is
below the operating range.
Should light when the ignition switch is ON
and the engine is not running. Should go off
when the engine starts, except for
occasional flickering at or near idling speed
when engine is warm.
When the engine oil gets lower than
specified capacity and its pressure gets low,
the shift indicator also changes to the
blinking “—” icon (2) along with the
indicator. When this happens, the
transmission automatically shifts to neutral
(neutral indicator does not light).
(1) Low oil level/pressure indicator
(2) “—” icon
If the indicator lights while the engine is
running, stop the motorcycle in a safe place
immediately, and check the engine oil level
(page 40).
If the indicator stays on even if the engine
oil level is not low or after more engine oil is
added, contact your Honda dealer as soon
as possible.
e Make sure that the motorcycle is
standing upright on firm level ground
when you turn ON the ignition switch. If
the motorcycle is on an incline, the
indicator stays on after starting the
engine.
Running the engine with insufficient oil
level or oil pressure may cause serious
damage to the engine and transmission.
Odometer/Tripmeter
The odometer (1) shows accumulated (1) _¡-----------=0eeeeeeeeeee]
mileage. o
S00...
The tripmeter shows mileage per trip.
There are two tripmeters, tripmeter A (2) |
and tripmeter B (3). TARIFS
(—i [ 2563.
Push the SEL button (4) to select the
odometer, tripmeter A and tripmeter B.
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the
RESET button (5) when the display is in 368.
the tripmeter A or tripmeter B.
(1) Odometer (4) SEL button
(2) Tripmeter A (5) RESET button
(3) Tripmeter B
24
Speed and Mileage Unit Change
CE type only >
The speedometer displays both “km/h” and
“mp
The odometer/ tripmeter displays both
“km” and “mile”.
Push and hold the RESET button (1) for
more than 2 seconds to select “km/h”/“km”
or “mph”/“mile” with the odometer display
selected.
™ 500. | GE
“10 =/ SON
ae
(1) RESET button
25
Digital Clock
Shows hour and minute.
This motorcycle is able to detect the engine
oil level. If the system can not read the
engine oil level for long periods, the digital
clock (1) will change to the OIL-check
display (page 29 ).
To adjust the time, proceed as follows:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
26
2. Push and hold both the SEL button (2)
and RESET button (3) for more than 2
seconds. The clock will be set in the
adjust mode with the hour display
flashing.
AM 0:25
es
(1) Digital clock
(2) SEL button
(3) RESET button
3. To set the hour, push the RESET button
until the desired hour and AM/PM are
displayed.
e The time is advanced by one hour,
each time the button is pushed.
* The time advances fast when the
button is pushed and held.
4. Push the SEL button. The minute display
will start flas
A O —
27
5.To set the minute, push the RESET
button until the desired minute. The
minute display will return to “00” when
“60” is reached without affecting the hour
display.
e The time advances by one minute, each
time the button is pushed.
e The time advances fast when the
button is pushed and held.
AM 525
* 9 /
\
Te
= *“ 5:45 -
28
6. To end the adjustment, push the SEL
button or turn the ignition switch OFF.
The display will stop flashing
automatically and the adjustment will be
cancelled if the button is not pushed for
about 2 minutes.
OIL-Check Display:
If the ignition switch is turned ON while the
motorcycle is on a slope, and it is tilted up or
down to the front, back, or either side, the
engine oil level may not be accurately
detected. This also applies when the side
stand is down and the ignition switch 15 ОМ.
Before you turn the ignition switch ON,
make sure to put the side stand up and
place your motorcycle upright position on
level ground.
If you keep riding your motorcycle for more
than 2,500 km (1,553 miles) in the condition
where the engine oil level cannot be
detected properly, the digital clock changes
to the blinking “OIL” (1) display.
If this happens, turn OFF the ignition
switch, park in a safe place and check the
engine oil level immediately (page 40).
If the engine oil level is low, add engine oil
(раве117).
Then reset the OIL-check display (page 30).
2553,
— ний ко
—.. 712)
mm’ &
„* . ‘e
+ ’ +
> »
1
1
To reset OIL-check display, proceed as
follows:
After 4—5 minutes from stopping the
engine, put the side stand up with the
motorcycle upright on firm, level ground,
and turn the ignition switch ON.
Make sure that the digital clock is displayed.
When the OIL-check display still does not
return to the digital clock, contact your
Honda dealer immediately.
30
MAJOR COMPONENTS
(Information you need to operate this motorcycle)
SUSPENSION
The shock absorber (1) has 7 adjustment
positions for different load or riding
conditions.
Use a pin spanner (2) and extension bar
(3) to adjust the rear shocks.
Always adjust the shock absorber position
in sequence (1-2-3-4-5-6-7 or 7-6-5-4-3-2-1).
Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to 7 or
7 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.
Position 1 is for light loads and smooth road
conditions. Positions 3 to 7 increase spring
preload for a stiffer rear suspension, and
can be used when the motorcycle is heavily
loaded.
Standard position: 2
(1) (2) (3)
7654321
(1) Shock absorber
(2) Pin spanner
(3) Extension bar
31
BRAKES
Both the front and rear brakes are the
hydraulic disc types.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level drops.
There are no adjustments to perform, but
fluid level and pad wear must be inspected
periodically. The system must be inspected
frequently to ensure there are no fluid leaks.
If the brake lever or pedal free travel
becomes excessive and the brake pads are
not worn beyond the recommended limit
(page 141 ), there is probably air in the
brake system and it must be bled. See your
Honda dealer for this service.
Front Brake Fluid Level:
With the motorcycle in an upright position,
check the fluid level. It should be above the
LOWER level mark (1). If the level is at or
below the LOWER level mark, check the
brake pads for wear (page 141).
32
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn, have your brake system
inspected for leaks.
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 brake fluid from a sealed container,
or an equivalent.
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
Front Brake Lever:
The distance between the tip of the brake
lever (1) and the grip can be adjusted by
turning the adjuster dial (2) while pushing
the lever forward.
Align the numbers (3) on the adjuster dial
with the index mark (4).
Apply the brake several times and check for
free wheel rotation after the brake lever is
released.
(1) Brake lever
(2) Adjuster dial
(3) Numbers
(4) Index mark
Other Checks:
Make sure there are no fluid leaks. Check
for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and
fittings.
33
Rear Brake Fluid Level:
With the motorcycle in an upright position,
check the fluid level. It should be between
the UPPER (1) and LOWER (2) level
marks. If the level is at or below the
LOWER level mark, check the rear brake
pads for wear (page 142).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn, have your brake system
inspected for leaks.
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 brake fluid from a sealed container,
or an equivalent. :
Other Checks:
Make sure there are no fluid leaks. Check
for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and
fittings.
34
(1) UPPER level mark
(2) LOWER level mark
COOLANT
Coolant Recommendation
The owner must properly maintain the
coolant to prevent freezing, overheating,
and corrosion. Use only high quality
ethylene glycol antifreeze containing
corrosion protection inhibitors specifically
recommended for use in aluminum engines.
(SEE ANTIFREEZE CONTAINER LABEL).
Use only low-mineral drinking water or
distilled water as a part of the antifreeze
solution. Water that is high in mineral
content or salt may be harmful to the
aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump seals
or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and distilled water in this
motorcycle. This coolant solution is
recommended for most operating
temperatures and provides good corrosion
protection. A higher concentration of
antifreeze decreases the cooling system
performance and is recommended only
when additional protection against freezing
is needed. A concentration of less than 40/
60 (40% antifreeze) will not provide proper
corrosion protection. During freezing
temperatures, check the cooling system
frequently and add higher concentrations of
antifreeze (up to a maximum of 60%
antifreeze) if required.
35
Inspection
The reserve tank is behind the frame.
Check the coolant level in the reserve tank
(1) while the engine is at the normal
operating temperature with the motorcycle
in an upright position. If the coolant level is
below the LOWER level mark (2), remove
the right rear cowl (page 77) and the
reserve tank cap (3).
Add coolant mixture until it reaches the
UPPER level mark (4). Always add coolant
to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by removing
the radiator cap.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant
loss is excessive, check for leaks and see
your Honda dealer for repair.
36
(1) Reserve tank
(2) LOWER level mark
(3) Reserve tank cap
(4) UPPER level mark
FUEL
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank capacity including the reserve
supply is:
15.0 8 (3.96 US gal, 3.30 Imp gal)
To open the fuel fill cap (1), insert the
ignition key (2) and turn it clockwise to
open the fuel fill lid (3). Turn the fuel fill
cap counterclockwise to remove it.
Do not overfill the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck (4).
After refueling, be sure to tighten the fuel
fill cap firmly by turning it clockwise until it
clicks.
Close the fuel fill lid.
Remove the key from the fuel fill lid.
(1) Fuel fill cap
(2) Ignition key
(3) Fuel fill lid
(4) Filler neck
37
A WARNING
Petrol is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be bumed or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
e Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks, and flame away.
e Refuel only outdoors.
e Wipe up spills immediately.
38
Use unleaded petrol with a research octane
number of 91 or higher.
The use of leaded petrol will cause
premature damage to the catalytic
converter.
NOTICE
If “spark knock” or “pinking” occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of petrol. If spark knock or
pinking persists, consult your Honda dealer.
Failure to do so is considered misuse, and
damage caused by misuse is not covered by
Honda's Limited Warranty.
Petrol Containing Alcohol
If you decide to use a petrol containing
alcohol (gasohol), be sure it’s octane rating
is at least as high as that recommended by
Honda. There are two types of “gasoho!”:
one containing ethanol, and the other
containing methanol. Do not use petrol that
contains more than 10 % ethanol. Do not use
petrol containing methanol (methyl! or wood
alcohol) that does not also contain
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors for
methanol. Never use petrol containing more
than 5 % methanol, even if it has cosolvents
and corrosion inhibitors.
Fuel system damage or engine performance
problems resulting from the use of fuels
that contain alcohol is not covered under
the warranty. Honda cannot endorse the
use of fuels containing methanol since
evidence of their suitability is as yet
incomplete.
Before buying fuel from an unfamiliar
station, try to find out if the fuel contains
alcohol. If it does, confirm the type and
percentage of alcohol used. If you notice
any undesirable operating symptoms while
using a petrol that contains alcohol, or one
that you think contains alcohol, switch to a
petrol that you know does not contain
alcohol.
39
ENGINE OIL
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level each day before
riding the motorcycle.
The level must be maintained between the
upper (1) and lower (2) level marks on the
dipstick (3).
Immediately after stopping the engine, the
engine, exhaust pipe and muffler are too hot.
Be careful not to burn yourself.
1. Remove the right side cover (page 76 ).
- 2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3—5
minutes. Make sure the low oil level/
pressure indicator goes off. If the
indicator remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
3. Stop the engine and hold the motorcycle
in an upright position on firm, level
ground.
4. After 2—3 minutes, remove the dipstick,
wipe it clean, and reinsert the dipstick
without screwing it in. Remove the
dipstick. The oil level should be between
the upper and lower marks on the
dipstick.
5. If required, remove the oil filler cap (4)
and add the specified oil (pagel17) up to
the upper level mark. Do not overfill.
6. Reinstall the dipstick and oil filler cap.
Check for oil leaks.
7. Install the right side cover (page 76 ).
Running the engine with insufficient oil
level or oil pressure may cause serious
damage to the engine and transmission.
(4) DPA
A
— (1)
(3) — (2)
(1) Upper level mark (3) Dipstick
(2) Lower level mark (4) Oil filler cap
FINAL DRIVE OIL
Oil Level Check
Check the final drive oil level when
specified by the maintenance schedule
(page 113).
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand.
2. Remove bolt A (1), bolt B (2) and
washer.
3. Pull out the prong (3) from the grommet
(4), and remove the final gear cover (5).
1 6) | ©
(1) Bolt A (4) Grommet
(2) Bolt B (5) Final gear cover
(3) Prong
4. Remove the oil filler cap (6).
5. Check that the oil level reaches the lower
edge of the oil filler inspection hole (7).
If the level is low, check for leaks. Pour
fresh oil through the oil filler inspection
hole until it reaches the lower edge of the
opening.
Recommended Olil:
HYPOID GEAR OIL SAE 80
(6) Oil filler cap (7) Oil filler inspection hole
41
TUBELESS TYRES
To safely operate your motorcycle, your
tyres must be the proper type and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying. The following pages give more
detailed information on how and when to
check your air pressure, how to inspect
your tyres for damage, and what to do when
your tyres need to be repaired or replaced.
Using tyres that are excessively wom
or improperly inflated can cause a
crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this owners
manual regarding tyre inflation and
maintenance.
42
Air Pressure
Keeping your tyres properly inflated
provides the best combination of handling,
tread life and riding comfort. Generally,
underinflated tyres wear unevenly,
adversely affect handling, and are more
likely to fail from being overheated.
Overinflated tyres make your motorcycle
ride harshly, are more prone to damage
from road hazards, and wear unevenly.
We recommend that you visually check
your tyres before every ride and use a
gauge to measure air pressure at least once
a month or any time you think the tyres
might be low.
Tubeless tyres have some self-sealing
ability if they are punctured. However,
because leakage is often very slow, you
should look closely for punctures whenever
a tyre is not fully inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tyres
are “cold” — when the motorcycle has been
parked for at least three hours. If you check
air pressure when your tyres are “warm” —
when the motorcycle has been ridden for
even a few miles — the readings will be
higher than if the tyres were “cold”. This is
normal, so do not let air out of the tyres to
match the recommended cold air pressures
given below. If you do, the tyres will be
underinflated.
The recommended “cold” tyre pressures
are:
Front 225 kPa
(2.25 kgf/cm? , 33 psi)
Rear 250 kPa
{2.50 kgf/cm? , 36 psi)
Inspection
Whenever you check the tyre pressures,
you should also examine the tyre treads and
sidewalls for wear, damage, and foreign
objects:
Look for:
¢ Bumps or bulges in the side of the tyre or
the tread. Replace the tyre if you find any
bumps or bulges.
e Cuts, splits or cracks in the tyre. Replace
the tyre if you can see fabric or cord.
® Excessive tread wear.
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object, pull
to the side of the road as soon as you can
safely and carefully inspect the tyres for
damage.
Tread Wear
Replace tyres before tread depth at the
center of the tyre reaches the following
limit: y
Minimum tread depth
Front: 1.5 mm (0.06 in)
Rear: 2.0 mm (0.08 in) |
a
<For Germany > | | la
German law prohibits use of tyres whose | 2)
tread depth is less than 1.6 mm. а
1 С
и”
(1) Wear indicator
(2) Wear indicator location mark
Tyre Repair
If a tyre is punctured or damaged, you
should replace it, not repair it. As discussed
below, a tyre that is repaired, either
temporarily or permanently, will have lower
speed and performance limits than a new
tyre.
A temporary repair, such as an external
tubeless tyre plug, may not be safe for
normal speeds and riding conditions. If a
temporary or emergency repair is made to a
tyre, you should ride slowly and cautiously
to a dealer and have the tyre replaced. If
possible, you should not carry a passenger
or cargo until a new tyre is installed.
Even if a tyre is professionally repaired with
a permanent internal patch plug, it will not
be as good as a new tyre. You should not
exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) for the first 24
hours, or 130 km/h (80 mph) at any time
thereafter. In addition, you may not be able
to safely carry as much weight as with a
new tyre. Therefore, we strongly
recommend that you replace a damaged
tyre. If you choose to have a tyre repaired,
be sure the wheel is balanced before you
ride.
Tyre Replacement
The tyres that came on your motorcycle
were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and provide
the best combination of handling, braking,
durability and comfort.
# WARNING
Installing improper tyres on your
motorcycle can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of tyres
recommended in this owner's manual.
The recommended tyres for your
motorcycle are:
Front: 130/70ZR17M/C (62W)
DUNLOP
ROADSMART CO
BRIDGESTONE
BT021F G
190/50ZR17M/C (73W)
DUNLOP
ROADSMART K
BRIDGESTONE
BT021R G
Rear:
Type:
Whenever you replace a tyre, use one that
is equivalent to the original and be sure the
wheel is balanced after the new tyre is
installed.
radial-ply, tubeless
Important Safety Reminders
e Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tyre
on this motorcycle. Excessive heat build-
up can cause the tube to burst.
* Use only tubeless tyres on this
motorcycle. The rims are designed for
tubeless tyres, and during hard
acceleration or braking, a tube-type tyre
could slip on the rim and cause the tyre to
rapidly deflate.
47
ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS
IGNITION SWITCH
The ignition switch (1) is below the
steering stem.
The headlight, position light (except U
type), taillight and license light will come
on whenever you turn the ignition switch
ON. If your motorcycle is stopped with
the ignition switch ON and the engine is
not running, the headlight, position light
(except U type), taillight and license light
will still be on, resulting in battery
discharge.
KEYS
This motorcycle has two keys and a key
number plate.
О
(1)
(1) Keys (2) Key number plate
You will need the key number if you ever
have to replace a key. Store the plate in a
safe place.
To reproduce keys, bring all keys, key
number plate and motorcycle to your Honda
ealer.
Up to four keys can be registered with the
immobilizer system (HISS), including the
ones in hand.
If all keys are lost, the PGM-FI unit/ignition
control module must be replaced. To avoid
this possibility we recommend that if only
one key is left, you immediately have it
reproduced to ensure that a back-up is
available.
These keys contain electronic circuits that
are activated by the immobilizer system
(HISS). They will not work to start the
engine if the circuits are damaged.
e Do not drop the keys or set heavy objects
on them.
e Do not grind, drill or in any way alter the
original shape of the keys.
e Keep the keys away from magnetic
objects.
50
IMMOBILIZER SYSTEM (HISS)
HISS is the abbreviation of Honda Ignition
Security System.
The immobilizer system (HISS) protects
your motorcycle from theft. A properly-
coded key must be used in the ignition
switch for the engine to start. If an
improperly-coded key (or other device) is
used the engine’s starting circuit is disabled.
When the ignition switch is turned ON and
the engine stop switch is at “ © ” (RUN),
the immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
lights for a few seconds, then goes off. If
the indicator remains on, it means the
system does not recognize the coding of the
key. Turn the ignition switch to OFF,
remove the key, reinsert and turn the
switch ON again.
51
The immobilizer system has such a function
that keeps the immobilizer system (HISS)
indicator blinking at 2 second intervals for
24 hours. This blinking function can be
turned on or off.
This function will turn on if the battery is
disconnected.
52
To alter the blinking function:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
2. Push and hold the SEL button (1) for
more than 2 seconds.
The immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
(2) instantly flashes, the function is
enabled.
3. Turn the ignition switch OFF and remove
the key.
(1) (2)
/ \
VAL a qu
) ОС SS
(1) SEL button
(2) Immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
If the system repeatedly does not recognize
the coding of your key, contact your Honda
dealer. |
e The system may not recognize the key's
coding if any other immobilizer key is
near the ignition switch. To make sure
the system recognizes the key code, keep
each immobilizer key on a separate ring.
e Do not attempt to alter the immobilizer
system (HISS) or add other devices to it.
Electrical problems could result, making
it impossible to start your motorcycle.
o If all keys are lost, the PGM-FI unit/
ignition control module must be replaced.
EC Directives
This immobilizer system complies with the
R & TTE (Radio equipment and telecommu-
nications terminal equipment and the
mutual recognition of their conformity)
Directive.
CE
The declaration of conformity to R & TTE
Directive is provided to the owner at the
time of purchase. The declaration of
conformity should be kept at a safe place.
When the declaration of conformity is lost
or is not provided, contact your Honda
dealer.
(South Africa only
Cs TA-2007/988
1 CIAS A
° APPROVED
RIGHT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
Engine Stop Switch
The engine stop switch (1) is next to the
throttle grip. When the switch is in the
CO (RUN) position, the engine will operate.
When the switch is in the 54 (OFF)
position, the engine will not operate. This
switch is intended primarily as a safety or
emergency switch and should normally
remain in the () (RUN) position.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch J (OFF), the headlight, position
light (except U type), taillight and license
light will still be on, resulting in battery
discharge.
54
Start Button
The start button (2) is next to the throttle
grip.
The start button is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 94 .
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine and the
headlight will automatically go out, but the
position light (except U type), taillight and
license light will stay on.
(1)
(2)
(1) Engine stop switch
(2) Start button
N-D Shift Switch Mode Shift Switch
The N-D shift switch (3) is below the To shift between the automatic shift mode
engine stop switch. and 6-speed manual mode, press the mode
The switch has two positions: drive (D) and shift switch (4).
neutral (N).
See pages 60 — 63 for operation of the
switch to ride your motorcycle.
(3) N-D shift switch (4) Mode shift switch
LEFT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
Headlight Dimmer Switch (1)
Move the headlight dimmer switch to
=D (HD) to select high beam or to
2D (LO) to select low beam.
Passing Light Control Switch (2)
When this switch is pressed, the headlight
flashes on to signal approaching cars or
when passing.
Turn Signal Switch (3)
Move to < to signal a left turn, ©» to
signal a right turn. Press to turn signal off.
Horn Button (4)
Press the button to sound the horn.
(2)
(1)
(3)
(4)
(1) Headlight dimmer switch
(2) Passing light control switch
(3) Turn signal switch
(4) Horn button
Shift Switch (5)
When the Automatic Shift Mode is selected:
Press the shift switch to select the D mode
or S mode.
When the 6-speed Manual Mode is selected:
Press the shift switch to shift the gear
between 1st and 6th.
Shift switch (+) (6):
e Automatic shift mode: select the D mode.
e 6-speed manual mode: shift up.
Shift switch (—) (7):
e Automatic shift mode: select the $ mode.
e 6-speed manual mode: shift down.
(6) (5)
(5) Shift switch
(6) Shift switch (+)
(7) Shift switch (—)
57
HAZARD WARNING SYSTEM SWITCH
The Hazard should be used only when your
motorcycle is stopped under emergency or
hazardous conditions. To turn it on, turn the
ignition key to the ON position, and then
push the switch marked À . The front and
rear turn signals will blink simultaneously.
All of the signals can blink without the
ignition key.
To operate this function, proceed as follows:
1. Turn the ignition key to ON position and
then push the hazard switch (1).
2. All of the turn signals will keep blinking
even after you turn the ignition key to
OFF position. |
3. You can turn off the turn blinking signals
by pushing the hazard switch back to the
off position.
If the switch is off position for more than
two seconds, and then push the switch
„gain, the turn signals will not be on.
Be sure to turn the switch off when the
hazard warning is no longer required, or the
turn signals will not work properly, and may
confuse other drivers.
If all the turn signals are left blinking with
the engine stopped, the battery will be
discharged.
(1) Hazard switch
HFT (Human-Friendly Transmission)
HFT is a hydraulic mechanical automatic
transmission. It is a computerized control
system with neutral and two selectable
modes, automatic shift mode and 6-speed
manual mode.
Automatic shift mode has two options; D
mode and S mode.
Neutral:
Under the following conditions, the driving
force does not transmit.
* The ignition switch is ON and engine is
not running.
e Until you operate the N-D shift switch to
select D mode after the engine starts.
Automatic Shift Mode:
In this mode you can shift automatically
between low speed and high speed
depending on the throttle opening and the
vehicle speed. D mode and S mode can be
selected.
D Mode:
This is the basic mode of the automatic
shift mode.
Select for normal riding.
S Mode:
Select when you need driving force (when
you are going up a steep hill, or stop-and-go
riding or riding with a passenger).
Enable for powerful riding.
6-speed Manual Mode:
In this mode, the rider can shift up and
down manually in six-stages with the use of
the shift switch. For sporty riding.
To switch modes between neutral and each drive mode, use the switches of the right and left
handlebars as shown in the illustration. Refer to following pages for more information.
Sr Mr ME TE A AD вон ево зн am am св ев TA
[D] : ND shift switch (D) : Mode shift switch : Shift switch (+)
[N]:N-D shift switch (N) [—] : Shift switch (—)
60
Switching Between Neutral and The HFT can only be switched between
Automatic Shift Mode or 6-speed neutral and the D mode when idling.
Manual Mode
When you operate the N-D shift switch (1),
make sure as follows:
* Your motorcycle is stopped.
e The engine is running.
e The throttle is fully closed.
If the throttle is opened while switching
the HFT between neutral and the D mode,
the engine will stop.
61
To switch the transmission into D mode:
Press and hold the D (drive) side (2) of the
N-D shift switch until the neutral indicator
(3) turns off and the D mode indicator (4)
comes on.
(3)
(1) N-D shift switch (3) Neutral indicator
(2) N-D shift switch (D) (4) D mode indicator
62
To switch the transmission into neutral:
Press and hold the N (neutral) side (1) of
the N-D shift switch in each drive mode
until the D mode indicator (2), S mode
indicator (3) or shift indicator (4)
disappears and the neutral indicator (5)
turns on.
(1) N-D shift switch (N)
(2) (3) (4)
30
7
DN,
(5)
(2) D mode indicator (4) Shift indicator
(3) S mode indicator (5) Neutral indicator
63
Switching D Mode and S Mode When
the Automatic Shift Mode Is Selected
Press the shift switch (1) to change the D
mode and the S mode while the automatic
shift mode is selected.
Switching D mode to S mode:
Press the shift switch (—) (2) to switch to
the S mode and the S mode indicator (3)
comes on.
Switching S mode to D mode:
Press the shift switch (+) (4) to switch to
the D mode and the D mode indicator (5)
comes on.
(1) Shift switch
(2) Shift switch (—)
(3) S mode indicator
(4) Shift switch (+)
(5) D mode indicator
Switching Between Automatic Shift
Mode and 6-speed Manual Mode
Switching Automatic Shift Mode to 6-speed
Manual Mode:
Press the mode shift switch (1). The shift
indicator (2) appears in the instrument
panel to show the selected gear position.
When switching automatic shift mode to 6-
speed manual mode, the gear is switched to
the suitable position.
e When switching automatic shift mode to
6-speed manual mode, the engine rev will
fluctuate for selecting the suitable gear
position for the speed.
(1) Mode shift switch
(2) Shift indicator
Switching 6-speed Manual Mode to
Automatic Shift Mode:
Press the mode shift switch (1). The shift
indicator (4) goes off and the D mode
indicator (2) or S mode indicator (3)
appears. When switching 6-speed manual
mode to automatic shift mode, the drive
mode changes depending on the last
selection.
e If you press and hold the mode switch,
the 6-speed manual mode switching can
not be done.
(1) Mode shift switch
(2) D mode indicator
(3) S mode indicator
(4) Shift indicator
Shifting When the 6-speed Manual
Mode Is Selected
Press the shift switch to shift gears when
the 6-speed manual mode is selected. The
shift indicator (1) shows the gear position.
When the 6-speed manual mode is selected,
shifting is not automatic. Shift so as not to
let the engine rev enter the red zone.
To upshift transmission, press the shift
switch (+) (2) once.
To downshift transmission, press the shift
switch (—) (3) once.
(1) Shift indicator
(2) Shift switch (+)
(3) Shift switch (—)
67
Shifting Restriction:
If the travel-device will be damaged or there
will be over revving of the engine while
shifting, shifting can not be done.
e Operating the shift switch (+) or (—)
once changes one gear. The sequential
shifting cannot be done if the shift switch
(+) or (—) is pressed and held. If
changing gear continuously, take your
finger off the shift switch (+) or (—) and
then press the shift switch (+) or (—)
again.
e If your speed becomes too slow in the 6-
speed manual mode, it shifts down
automatically.
H There Is a Failure In HFT
If switching D mode and S mode cannot be
done in the automatic shift mode or shifting
cannot be done in the 6-speed manual mode,
“—” icon (1) flashes to indicate a failure in
HFT. See your Honda dealer as soon as
possible.
(1) “__» icon
FEATURES
(Not required for operation)
STEERING LOCK
To lock the steering, turn the handlebar all
the way to the left, turn the ignition key (1)
to LOCK while pushing in. Remove the key.
To unlock the steering, turn the key to OFF
while pushing in.
Do not turn the key to LOCK while riding
the motorcycle; loss of vehicle control will
result.
(1) Ignition key
(A) Push in
(B) Turn to LOCK
(C) Turn to OFF
PARKING BRAKE
The motorcycle is equipped with a parking
brake.
To Apply the Parking Brake:
Pull in the parking e lever (1) to lock
the rear wheel.
To Release the Parking Brake:
Release the parking brake lever while
lightly pulling in the lever.
Before riding, check that the parking brake
indicator is turned OFF and make sure that
the rear brake is fully released so there is
no drag on the rear wheel.
70
(1) Parking brake lever
SEAT
Rear seat
To remove the rear seat (1), insert the
ignition key (2) into the seat lock (3) below
the left side of the seat. Turn it clockwise,
then pull the rear seat up and back.
To install the seat, insert the seat prongs
(4) into the seat hooks (5) and insert the
frame prongs (6) into the guide hooks (7).
Thereafter, push down on the rear of the
seat.
Be sure the seat is locked securely in
position after installation.
(2)
(1) Rear seat
(2) Ignition key
(3) Seat lock
(4) Seat prongs
(5)
(5) Seat hooks
(6) Frame prongs
(7) Guide hooks
71
Front seat
To remove the front seat (1), remove the
rear seat (page 71) and mounting bolts (2),
and then pull the seat back and up.
To install the seat, insert the front tabs (3)
into the recesses and the rear tabs (4) into
the rear stay (5) on the frame, and tighten
the mounting bolts securely.
Install the rear seat.
72
(1) Front seat (4) Rear tabs
(2) Mounting bolts (5) Rear stay
(3) Front tabs
HELMET HOLDER
The helmet holder is located below the rear
seat.
Remove the rear seat (page 71 ). Route the
~ helmet wire (1) through the helmet D-ring
(2) and hook the loops of the helmet wire
onto the helmet holder (3).
Install the rear seat and lock it securely.
The helmet wire is furnished in the tool kit
(page 114).
ENCINO
Riding with a helmet attached to the
holder can interfere with the rear wheel
or suspension and could cause a
crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
(1)
(3)
(1) Helmet wire
(2) Helmet D-ring
(3) Helmet holder
73
DOCUMENT BAG
The document bag (1) is in the document
compartment (2) under the rear seat (page
This owner's manual and other documents
should be stored in the document bag.
When washing your motorcycle, be careful
not to flood this area with water.
74
(1) Document bag
(2) Document compartment
STORAGE COMPARTMENT FOR U-
SHAPED ANTI-THEFT LOCK
There is a storage compartment to store a
U-shaped anti-theft lock under the rear seat
(page 71).
Some U-shaped locks may not be stored in
the compartment due to their size or design.
75
RIGHT SIDE COVER
The right side cover must be removed to
check the engine oil level and change the
engine oil, engine oil filter and HFT oil filter.
Immediately after stopping the engine, the
engine, exhaust pipe and muffler are too hot.
Be careful not to burn yourself.
Removal:
1. By pulling the right side cover (1) toward
you with the notch (2), pull out the upper
prongs (3) from the upper grommets (4).
2. By pulling up the right side cover, pull out
the lower prong (5) from the lower
grommet (6).
76
Installation:
1. Align the lower prong with the lower
grommet.
2. Align the upper prongs with the upper
grommets
3. Push the prongs in.
(1) Right side cover (4) Upper grommets
(2) Notch (5) Lower prong
(3) Upper prongs (6) Lower grommet
REAR COWL Removal:
The right rear cowl must be removed to 1. Remove the rear seat (page 71).
inspect the coolant reserve tank. The left 2. Remove the clips A (1) and rear center
rear cowl must be removed for battery cowl (2).
maintenance.
The right and left rear cowls can be
removed in the same manner.
(2) (1)
(1) Clips A (2) Rear center cowl
77
3. Remove the screws A (3) and screws B 4. To remove the grab rail cover (5), pull it
(4). outwards and remove the tabs (6)
starting from the front.
(3) (5)
(6)
(3) Screws A (4) Screws B (5) Grab rail cover (6) Tab
78
5. Remove the clips A (6). 7. Remove the upper tab (0) on the center
6. Pull the front of the rear cowl (7) (8) of the rear cowl from the hook (11).
forward and carefully pull the rear cowl
out from the grommets (9).
(7) (12) ©)
(8) Left rear cowl (11) Hook
(6) Clips A (9) Grommets (12) Prongs
(7) Right rear cowl (10) Upper tab
79
8. While sliding the rear cowl back, remove
the rear tabs (12 from the rear fender
and remove the rear cowl.
(12) (12)
(12) (12)
(12) Rear tabs
80
Installation: 3. Install the screws A (3) and screws B (4).
1. Attach the rear cowl in the reverse order 4. Install the rear center cowl and clips A.
of removal. 5. Install the rear seat (page 71).
2. Attach the center hook (13 of the grab
rail cover (5) to the tab (14). Then, install
the grab rail cover so that the center (3)
hook does not slip.
3126
(14)
(5) Grab rail cover (14) Tab (3) Screws À
(13) Center hook (4) Screws B
81
UNDER COWL
The right under cowl must be removed to
replace the HFT oil filter.
Immediately after stopping the engine, the
engine, exhaust pipe and muffler are too hot.
Be careful not to burn yourself.
Removal:
1. To remove the muffler cover (1), remove
the muffler cover bolt (2) and washer,
and pull out from the prongs.
(1) Muffler cover (3) Rubber cap
(2) Muffler cover bolt
82
2. Remove the screw (4) and pull out the
under cowl cover (5).
3. Remove the right step board (6) by
removing the step board mounting bolts
(7).
(7)
©
(6)
(4) Screw (6) Right step board
(5) Under cowl cover (7) Step board mounting bolts
4. Remove clips B (8), bolt A (9) and bolts
B (10) and pull out the right under cowl
ay.
e Carefully pull out the right under cowl
from around the rear brake pedal (2)
by moving it as shown in the
illustration.
(8)
(8) Clips B (11) Right under cowl
(9) Bolt A (12) Rear brake pedal
(10) Bolts B
Installation:
e Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
e Carefully route the rear brake pedal
through the opening of the right under
cowl.
e If either of the rubber caps came away
from the prongs when removing the
muffler cover, re-attach them.
e Position the muffler cover so the prongs
are aligned with the hooks.
e Install the bolts and tighten to the
specified torque:
step board mounting bolts:
26 N-m (2.7 kgf-m , 19 Ibf-ft)
muffler cover bolt:
9 N-m (0.9 kgf-m , 6.6 Ibf-ft)
FRONT COWL
The left front cowl must be removed for air
cleaner maintenance.
Removal:
1. Remove the front seat (page 72).
2. Pull back the rubber dust cover (1).
3. Disconnect the connector (2).
4. Remove the rearview mirror assembly
(3) by removing the bolts A (4) and
washers.
10
© (10)
(4)
(3)
(1) Rubber dust cover (4) Bolts A
(2) Connector (9) Metal plate
(3) Rearview mirror (10) Arrow mark
assembly
84
5. Remove the bolt B (5), clip A (6) and
clips B (7) and pull the front of the front
cowl (8) outwards.
(8)
(5) Bolt B
(6) Clip A
(7) Clips B
(8) Front cowl
6. Pull the back of the front cowl to release
the tabs, then pull the front cowl slightly
backwards.
Installation:
1. Position in front of the front cowl and
align the tabs with the guides. Then, push
the front cowl in place and attach the bolt
and clips.
2. Install the rearview mirror assembly.
o Install the metal plate (9) with its
arrow mark (0) facing front.
3. Install the front seat properly (page 72).
HEADLIGHT AIM VERTICAL
ADJUSTMENT
Vertical adjustment can be made by turning
the screws (low beam) (1) and screw (high
beam) (2) with a Phillips screwdriver as
necessary.
Obey local laws and regulations.
(1)
(2)
(1) Screws (low beam)
(2) Screw (high beam)
2x SET
CUE
2-4. re =
= a
(A) Up
(B) Down
CLIP
Removal:
1. Remove the pin by a Phillips screwdriver.
2. Pull out the clip A from the hole.
1. Insert the clip A into the hole.
2. Push the pin in.
1.
0
%
O
Ow
87
CLIP
Installation:
Removal: 1. Push the bottom of the pin.
1. Press down on the center pin to release ' 2. Insert the clip B into the hole. |
the lock. 3. Lightly press down on the center pin to
2. Pull out the clip B from the hole. lock the clip B.
OPERATION
PRE-RIDE INSPECTION
For your safety, it is very important to take
a few moments before each ride to walk
around your motorcycle and check its
condition. If you detect any problem, be
sure you take care of it, or have it corrected
by your Honda dealer.
EE
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
riding can cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride inspection
before every ride and correct any
problems.
1. Engine oil level—add engine oil if
required (page 40). Check for leaks.
2. Fuel level —fill fuel tank when necessary
(page 37 ). Check for leaks.
3. Coolant level—add coolant if required.
Check for leaks (pages 35 — 36 ).
4. Front and rear brakes —check operation;
make sure there is no brake fluid leakage
(pages 32 — 34).
5. Tyres—check condition and pressure
(pages 42 — 47).
6. Throttle —check for smooth opening and
full closing in all steering positions (page
129).
7. Lights and horn—check that headlight,
brake/tail light, position light (except U
type), license light, turn signals,
indicators and horn function properly.
8. Engine stop switch—check for proper
function (page 54 ).
9. Side stand ignition cut-off system — check
for proper function (page 133 ).
90
STARTING THE ENGINE
Always follow the proper starting procedure
described below.
This motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand ignition cut-off system. After starting
with the side stand down, the engine will
shut off if the N-D shift switch is D (drive)
position before raising the side stand.
To protect the catalytic converter in your
motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid
extending idling and the use of leaded
petrol.
Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas. High
levels of carbon monoxide can collect
rapidly in enclosed areas such as a garage.
Do not run the engine with the garage door
closed. Even with the door open, run the
engine only long enough to move your
motorcycle out of the garage.
Do not use the electric starter for more than
5 seconds at a time. Release the start button
for approximately 10 seconds before
pressing it again.
91
Preparation
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand.
2. Lock the rear wheel by applying the
parking brake lever (1).
#4 CAUTION
Contact with the spinning rear wheel
can cause you to be hurt.
Set the parking brake when the
motorcycle is on its side stand.
(1) Parking brake lever
92
3. Make sure that the engine stop switch is
at () (RUN).
4. With the motorcycle in an upright
position, raise the side stand.
e This motorcycle can detect the engine
oil level. If the ignition switch turns ON
with the side stand down, engine oil
level will not be detected (page 29).
5. Insert the ignition key and turn the
ignition switch ON.
Confirm the following:
e The transmission is in neutral
(neutral indicator is ON).
e The low oil level/pressure indicator is
e The ABS indicator is ON.
e The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL) is OFF.
e o high coolant temperature indicator is
e The immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
is OFF.
The low oil level/pressure indicator should
go off a few seconds after the engine starts.
If the indicator lights during operation, stop
the engine immediately and check the
engine oil level.
e Make sure that the motorcycle is
standing upright on firm level ground
when you turn ÓN the ignition switch. If
the motorcycle is on an incline, the
indicator stays on after starting the
engine.
Operating the engine with insufficient oil
level or oil pressure can cause serious
damage to the engine and transmission.
93
Starting Procedure
This motorcycle has a fuelinjected engine
with an automatic choke. Follow the
procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature:
1. With the throttle completely closed, press
the start button.
The engine will not start if the throttle is
fully open (because the electronic control
module cuts off the fuel supply).
Snapping the throttle or fast idling for more
than about 5 minutes at normal air tempera-
ture may cause exhaust pipe discoloration.
94
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded.
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
О (RUN).
2. Open throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
If the engine starts with unstable idle,
open the throttle slightly.
If the engine does not start, wait for 10
seconds, then follow steps 1—4 again.
Ignition Cut Off
Your motorcycle is designed to
automatically stop the engine and fuel pump
if the motorcycle is overturned (a banking
sensor cuts off the ignition system). Before
restarting the engine, you must turn the
ignition switch to the OFF position and then
back to ON.
RUNNING-IN
Help assure your motorcycle’s future
reliability and performance by paying extra
attention to how you ride during the first
500 km (300 miles).
During this period, avoid full-throttle starts
and rapid acceleration.
RIDING
Review Motorcycle Safety (pages 1 — 7 )
before you ride.
Make sure you understand the function of
the side stand mechanism. (See MAIN-
TENANCE SCHEDULE on pagell3and
explanation for SIDE STAND on page 133).
Make sure flammable materials such as dry
grass or leaves do not come in contact with
the exhaust system when riding, idling, or
parking your motorcycle.
1. After the engine has been warmed up,
the motorcycle is ready for riding.
Make sure the throttle is closed and the
parking brake is locked.
96
2. Mount the motorcycle from the left side
keeping at least one foot on the ground to
steady the motorcycle.
3. Unlock the rear wheel by releasing the
parking brake lever (1).
(1)
(1) Parking brake lever
4. While the engine is idling, press and hold
the D (drive) side (2) of the N-D shift
switch until the neutral indicator (3)
turns off and the D mode indicator (4)
comes on.
|
(2)
(2) N-D shift switch (D)
(4)
(3)
(3) Neutral indicator
(4) D mode indicator
97
5.To accelerate, open the throttle (5) 7. Both front and rear brakes should be
gradually; the motorcycle will move used at the same time and should not be
forward. applied strongly enough to lock the wheel,
or braking effectiveness will be reduced
Do not “BLIP” the throttle (open and and control of the motorcycle be difficult.
close rapidly) as the motorcycle will move
forward suddenly, causing possible loss
of control. |
6. To decelerate, close the throttle.
Coordinate the throttle and brakes for
smooth deceleration.
Riding with HFT
Automatic Shift Mode
In this mode you can shift automatically
depending on the throttle opening and the
vehicle speed. Within automatic shift mode
D mode and S mode can be selected.
Operate the shift switch (1) on the left
handlebar control to change D mode and S
mode depending on riding circumstances.
When going up hill, switch to S mode to
enable more powerful riding depending on
inclination of the rise.
(1)
(1) Shift switch
6-speed Manual Mode
In this mode you can manually shift
between 1st and 6th speed by operating the
shift switch.
When going up hill, switch to a lower gear
to enable more powerful riding depending
on inclination of the rise.
Upshifting sequence:
To upshift transmission, press the shift
switch (+) (1) once.
Shifting is not automatic in the 6-speed
manual mode. Shift up not to let the engine
rev enter the red zone.
100
Downshifting sequence:
To downshift transmission, press the shift
switch (—) (2) once.
When passing, shift down to get powerful
acceleration.
If your speed becomes too slow in the 6-
speed manual mode, it shifts down
automatically.
(1) Shift switch (+) (2) Shift switch (—)
Shifting Restriction:
If the travel-device will be damaged or there
will be over revving of the engine while
shifting, shifting can not be done.
e If you have any trouble shifting or hear a
noise, see your Honda dealer.
¢ When riding on a slippery road, shifting
down may cause slip.
101
BRAKING
This motorcycle is equipped with a
Combined Brake System. Operating the
front brake lever applies the front brake.
Operating the rear brake pedal applies the
rear brake and a portion of the front brake.
For full braking effectiveness, use both the
lever and pedal simultaneously, as you
would with a conventional motorcycle -
braking system.
As with a conventional motorcycle braking
system, excessively hard application of the
brake controls may cause wheel lock,
reducing control of the motorcycle.
For normal braking, apply both the brake
pedal and lever while down-shifting to
match your road speed. For maximum
braking, close the throttle and firmly apply
the pedal and lever; pull in the clutch lever
before coming to a complete stop to prevent
stalling the engine.
102
Important Safety Reminders:
e Independent operation of only the brake
lever or brake pedal reduces stopping
performance.
e Extreme application of the brake controls
may cause wheel lock, reducing control of
the motorcycle.
e When possible, reduce speed or brake
before entering a turn; closing the
throttle or braking in mid-turn may cause
wheel slip. Wheel slip will reduce control
of the motorcycle.
e When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control. For
your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
e When descending a long, steep grade,
use engine compression braking by down-
shifting, with intermittent use of both
brakes.
Continuous brake application can
overheat the brakes and reduce their
effectiveness.
e Riding with your foot resting on the
brake pedal or your hand on the brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a
false indication to other drivers. It may
also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
103
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
This model is also equipped with an Anti-
lock Brake System (ABS) designed to help
prevent wheel lock up during hard braking
on uneven or other poor surfaces while
running straight. Although the wheel may
not lock up— if you are braking too hard in a
turn the motorcycle can still lose traction,
causing a loss of control.
In some situations, a motorcycle with ABS
may require a longer stopping distance to
stop on loose or uneven surfaces than an
equivalent motorcycle without ABS.
ABS cannot make up for road conditions,
bad judgment, or improper operation of the
brakes. It is still your responsibility to ride
at reasonable speeds for weather, road
surface, and traffic conditions, and to leave
a margin of safety.
ABS is self-checking and always on.
104
* ABS may be activated by riding over a
sharp drop or rise in the road level.
It is important to follow the tyre
recommendations (page 42 ). The ABS
computer works by comparing wheel
speed. Non-recommended tyres can
affect wheel speed and may confuse the
ABS computer.
* ABS does not function at low speeds
(approximately 10 km/h (6 mph) or
below).
e ABS does not function if the battery is
discharged.
ABS Indicator
Normally, this indicator comes on when the
ignition is turned ON, and goes off after you
ride the motorcycle at speed above 10 km/h
(6 mph). If there is an ABS problem, the
indicator flashes and remains on. The ABS
system does not operate when the ABS
indicator is on.
If the ABS indicator comes on while riding,
stop the motorcycle in a safe place and turn
off the engine.
Turn the ignition ON again. The indicator
should come on, and go off after you ride
the motorcycle at speeds above 10 km/h (6
mph). If it does not go off, ABS is not
functioning, but the brakes still work a
Combined Brake System and provide
normal stopping ability. However, you
should have the system checked by Honda
dealer as soon as possible.
The ABS indicator may flash if you turn the
rear wheel while the motorcycle is upright
on the stand. This is normal. Turn the
ignition OFF, then turn it ON. The indicator
should come on, then go off after you run
the motorcycle above 30 km/h (19 mph).
105
PARKING
1. After stopping the motorcycle, press and
hold the N (neutral) side (1) of the N-D
shift switch to switch the transmission
into neutral, turn the handlebar fully to
the left, turn the ignition switch OFF and
remove the key.
(1) N-D shift switch (N)
2.Use the side stand to support the
motorcycle while parked.
Park the motorcycle on firm, level ground to
prevent it from falling over.
If you must park on a slight incline, aim the
front of the motorcycle uphill to reduce the
possibility of rolling off the side stand or
overturning.
106
3. Lock the steering to help prevent theft
(page 69).
Make sure flammable materials such as dry
grass or leaves do not come in contact with
the exhaust system when parking your
motorcycle.
To avoid possible heat damage to your
motorcycle or personal belongings, do not
cover the exhaust muffler with a protective
cover or any clothing within 20 minutes
after shutting off the engine.
ANTI-THEFT TIPS NAME:
1. Always lock the steering and never leave
the key in the ignition switch. This ADDRESS:
sounds simple but people do forget.
2. Be sure the registration information for
your motorcycle is accurate and current.
3. Park your motorcycle in a locked garage
whenever possible.
4. Use an additional anti-theft device of PHONE NO:
good quality.
5. Put your name, address, and phone
number in this Owner’s Manual and keep
it on your motorcycles at all times.
Many times stolen motorcycles are
identified by information in the Owner’s
Manuals that are still with them.
107
MAINTENANCE
THE IMPORTANCE OF
MAINTENANCE
A well-maintained motorcycle is essential
for safe, economical and trouble-free riding.
It will also help reduce air pollution.
To help you properly care for your
motorcycle, the following pages include a
Maintenance Schedule and a Maintenance
Record for regularly scheduled
maintenance.
These instructions are based on the
assumption that the motorcycle will be used
exclusively for its designed purpose.
Sustained high speed operation or operation
in unusually wet or dusty conditions will
require more frequent service than
specified in the Maintenance Schedule.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
108
If your motorcycle overturns or becomes
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you
are able to make some repairs.
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
you ride can cause a crash in which
you can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
schedules in this owner's manual.
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
This section includes instructions on some
important maintenance tasks. You can
perform some of these tasks with the tools
provided — if you have basic mechanical
skills.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic;
instructions are included in this manual only
to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
A WARNING
Failure to properly follow maintenance
instructions and precautions can
cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner's manual.
109
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
e Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
* Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust.
Be sure there is adequate ventilation
whenever you operate the engine.
* Burns from hot parts.
Let the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
* Injury from moving parts.
Do not run the engine unless instructed
to do so.
e Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
e To help prevent the motorcycle from
falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the side stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
110
e To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around petrol or batteries. Use only
nonflammable solvent, not petrol, to clean
parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks and flames
away from the battery and all fuelrelated
parts.
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your motorcycle best and is fully equipped
to maintain and repair it.
To ensure the best quality and reliability,
use only new Honda Genuine Parts or their
equivalents for repair and replacement.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Perform the Pre-ride Inspection (page 89 ) at each scheduled maintenance period.
I: INSPECT AND CLEAN, ADJUST, LUBRICATE OR REPLACE IF NECESSARY
C: CLEAN R:REPLACE A:ADJUST L: LUBRICATE
The following items require some mechanical knowledge. Certain items (particularly those marked * and * * ) may
require more technical information and tools. Consult your Honda dealer.
* Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless the owner has proper tools and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to the Official Honda Shop Manual.
## In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Honda recommends that your Honda dealer should road test your motorcycle after each periodic maintenance is
carried out.
NOTES: (1) At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.
(2) Service more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
(3) Service more frequently when riding in rain or at full throttle.
(4) Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes first. Replacement requires
mechanical skill.
111
ODOMETER READING [NOTE (1)}
TO
112
ODOMETER READING [ NOTE (1) ]
TO
113
TOOL KIT
The tool kit (1) is under the rear seat (page
71).
Some roadside repairs, minor adjustments
and parts replacement can be performed
with the tools contained in the kit.
¢ Pin spanner
e Standard /Phillips screwdriver
¢ Screwdriver handle
e Extension bar
e 10 x 12 mm Box end wrench
e 3 mm Hex wrench
e 4 mm Hex wrench
e 5 mm Hex wrench
e 6 mm Hex wrench
e Spark plug wrench
e Helmet holder wire
e Tool bag
114
(D
(1) Tool kit
SERIAL NUMBERS
The frame and engine serial numbers are
required when registering your motorcycle.
They may also be required by your dealer
when ordering replacement parts.
Record the numbers here for your
reference.
FRAME NO.
(1) Frame number
The frame number (1) is stamped on the
right side of the steering head.
The engine number (2) is stamped on the
left side of the engine.
ENGINE NO.
2)
NW @ \ N
(2) Engine number
115
COLOUR LABEL
The colour label (1) is attached to the
frame below the rear seat (page 71 ).
It is helpful when ordering replacement
parts. Record the colour and code here for
your reference.
COLOUR
CODE
(1) Colour label
116
ENGINE OIL
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Oil Recommendation
API SG or higher except
classification | oils labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API service
label |
Viscosity SAE 10W-30
JASO T 903 | MA
standard
Suggested Oil
Honda “4-STROKE MOTORCYCLE
OIL” or equivalent.
Your motorcycle does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may adversely
affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying
a circular API “energy conserving” service
label on the container. They may affect
lubrication and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
117
Viscosity:
Viscosity grade of engine oil should be
based on average atmospheric temperature
in your riding area. The following provides a
guide to the selection of the proper grade or
viscosity of oil to be used at various
atmospheric temperatures.
30 20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50°C
| 1 L 1 | АООННННАОННННИЯ |
-20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120°F
118
maso T 903 standard
standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled on
the oil container. For example, the following
label shows the MA classification.
PRODUCT MEETING JASO T 903
COMPANY GUARANTEEING THIS MA PERFORMANCE:
(1) Code number of the sales company of the oil
(2) Oil classification
Engine Oil, Engine Oil Filter and HFT
Oil Filter
Engine oil quality is the chief factor
affecting engine service life. Change the
engine oil as specified in the maintenance
schedule (page 112).
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Please dispose of used engine oil in a
manner that is compatible with the
environment. We suggest you take it in a
sealed container to your local recycling
center or service station for reclamation. Do
not throw it in the trash or pour it on the
ground or down a drain.
Used engine oil may cause skin cancer if
repeatedly left in contact with the skin for
prolonged periods. Although this is unlikely
unless you handle used oil on a daily basis,
it is still advisable to thoroughly wash your
hands with soap and water as soon as possi-
ble after handling used oil.
Changing the engine oil filter and HFT oil
filter requires a special oil filter tool and a
torque wrench. If you do not have these
tools and the necessary skill, we
recommend that you have your Honda
dealer perform this service.
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Change the engine oil with the engine at
normal operating temperature and the
motorcycle on its side stand to assure
complete and rapid draining.
Immediately after stopping the engine, the
engine, exhaust pipe and muffler are too hot.
Be careful not to burn yourself.
119
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level 5. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler cap,
surface. oil drain bolt (1) and sealing washer (2).
2. Remove the right side cover (page 76). 6. Remove the engine oil filter (3) with a
3. Remove the right under cowl (page 82). filter wrench and let the remaining oil
4. Place a drain pan under the crankcase. drain out. Discard the engine oil filter.
(2)
(3)
(1) Oil drain bolt (2) Sealing washer (3) Engine oil filter
120
7. Remove the oil filter cover (4), HFT oil
filter (5) and spring (6) by removing the
oil filter bolts (7).
(10)
(9) (66 (8) 4)
(4) Oil filter cover (8) O-ring
(5) HFT oil filter (9) Rubber seal
(6) Spring (10) IN-SIDE mark
(7) Oil filter bolts
8. Check that the oil filter cover O-ring (8)
is in good condition and then install the
spring and new oil filter. Use the Honda
oil filter or an equivalent filter specified
for your model. Other filters not specified
for your model may not filter impurities
properly.
9. Install the filter with the rubber seal (9)
facing in, toward the engine. You will see
“IN-SIDE” mark (10) on the filter body,
near the seal.
10. Reinstall the oil filter cover, making sure
the bolts are tightened securely.
Oil filter bolt torque:
10 N-m (1.0 kgf-m , 7 [bf-ft)
Use only the Honda genuine HFT oil filter
or a filter of equivalent quality specified for
your model. Using the wrong Honda filter
or a non-Honda filter which is not of
equivalent quality may cause transmission
damage.
121
11. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the new
engine oil filter rubber seal (11).
12. Using a special tool and a torque wrench,
install the new engine oil filter and
tighten to a torque of:
26 N-m (2.7 kgf-m , 19 Ibf-ft)
Use only the Honda genuine oil filter or a
filter of equivalent quality specified for your
model. Using the wrong Honda filter or a
non-Honda filter which is not of equivalent
quality may cause engine damage.
(11) Engine oil filter rubber seal
122
13. Check that the sealing washer on the
drain bolt is in good condition and install
the bolt. Replace the sealing washer
every other time the oil is changed, or
each time if necessary.
Oil drain bolt torque:
25 N-m (2.5 kgf-m , 18 Ibf-ft)
14. Fill the crankcase with the recommended
grade oil; approximately:
3.3 2 (3.5 US gt , 2.9 Imp at)
15. Install the oil filler cap.
16. Start the engine and let it idle for 3—5
minutes.
17.2—3 minutes after stopping the engine,
check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the dipstick with the
motorcycle upright on firm, level ground.
Make sure there are no oil leaks.
18. Install the right under cowl (page 83).
19. Install the right side cover (page 76).
CRANKCASE BREATHER
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
1. Remove the drain tube (1) and drain
deposits into a suitable container.
2. Reinstall the drain tube.
Service more frequently when riding in rain
or at full throttle.
(1) Drain tube
123
SPARK PLUGS
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Recommended plugs:
Standard:
SIMRSAS (NGK)
NOTICE
Never use a spark plug with an improper
heat range. Severe engine damage could
result.
124
This motorcycle uses the spark plugs that
have an iridium coated center electrode. Be
sure to observe the following when
servicing the spark plugs.
® Оо not clean the spark plug. If the
electrode is contaminated with
accumulated objects or dirt, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
e To check the spark plug gap, use only a
“wire-type feeler gauge.” To prevent
damaging the iridium coating of the
center electrode, never use a “leaf-type
feeler gauge.”
e Do not adjust the spark plug gap. If the
gap is out of specification, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
1. Disconnect the spark plug caps (1) from
the spark plugs.
2. Clean any dirt from around the spark plug
bases.
Remove the spark plugs using a spark
plug wrench ( 2 ) furnished in the tool kit.
(1) Spark plug cap
(2) Spark plug wrench
3. Inspect the electrodes and center
porcelain for deposits, erosion or carbon
fouling. If the erosion or deposit is heavy,
replace the plug.
4. Make sure that the 1.0 mm wire-type
feeler gauge does not insert between the
spark plug gap (3). If the gauge is
inserted into the gap, replace the plug
with a new one.
‘|
3)
a
(3) Spark plug gap
125
5. Make sure the plug washer is in good
condition.
6. With the plug washer attached, thread
the spark plug in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
7. Tighten each spark plug:
e If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
e If installing a new plug, tighten it twice
to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK: 1/2 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
NOTICE
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a
piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight,
the threads may be damaged.
126
8. Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
FINAL DRIVE OIL
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Change the oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Change the oil with the final drive at normal
operating temperature and the motorcycle
upright on level ground to assure complete
and rapid draining.
1. Remove bolt A (1), bolt B (2) and
washer.
2. Pull out the prong (3) from the grommet
(4), and remove the final gear cover (5).
3)
(1) (5) | (2)
(1) Bolt A (4) Grommet
(2) Bolt B (5) Final gear cover
(3) Prong
127
3. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler cap
(6) and oil drain plug (7).
4. After the oil has completely drained,
check that the sealing washer (8) on the
drain plug is in good condition and install
the drain plug.
Drain plug torque:
12 N-m (1.2 kgf-m , 9 Ibf-ft)
5. Place the motorcycle on its side stand, fill
the final drive with the recommended
grade oil; approximately:
160 em? (5.4 US oz , 5.6 Imp oz)
Make sure the final drive is filled up to
the lower edge of the oil filler inspection
hole (9) with the recommended oil.
6. Install the oil filler cap.
7. Install the final gear cover.
Tighten the bolt A and B to the specified
torque:
9 N-m (0.9 kgf-m , 6.6 Ibf-ft)
128
(6) ON filler cap
(7) Oil drain plug
(8) Sealing washer
(9) Oil filler inspection hole
THROTTLE OPERATION
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
1. Check for smooth rotation of the throttle
grip from the fully open to the fully
closed position at both full steering
positions.
2. Measure the throttle grip freeplay at the
throttle grip flange.
The standard freeplay should be
approximately:
2-4 mm (0.1—0.2 in)
To adjust the freeplay, loosen the lock nut
(1) and turn the adjuster (2).
(1) Lock nut
(2) Adjuster
129
Refer fo the
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110. AA WA X X ] N €
Coolant Replacement Removing the radiator cap while the
Coolant should be replaced by a Honda engine is hot can cause the coolant to
dealer, unless the owner has proper tools spray out, seriously scalding you.
and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to an official Honda Shop Always let the engine and radiator cool
Manual. down before removing the radiator cap.
Always add coolant to the reserve tank. Do
not attempt to add coolant by removing the
radiator cap.
130
AIR CLEANER
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
The air cleaner should be serviced at
regular intervals (pagel12). Service more
frequently when riding in unusually wet or
dusty areas.
1. Remove the left front cowl (page 84 ).
2. Remove the screws (1) and air cleaner
housing cover (2).
3. Remove and discard the air cleaner (3).
4. Thoroughly clean the inside of the air
cleaner housing (4).
5. Install a new air cleaner.
Use the Honda Genuine air cleaner or an
equivalent air cleaner specified for your
model. Using the wrong Honda air
cleaner or a non-Honda air cleaner which
is not of equivalent quality may cause
premature engine wear or performance
problems.
6. Install the removed parts in the reverse
order of removal.
(1) Screws
(2) Air cleaner housing cover
(3) Air cleaner
(4) Air cleaner housing
131
FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSION
INSPECTION
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
1. Check the fork assembly by locking the
front brake and pumping the fork up and
down vigorously. Suspension action
should be smooth and there must be no
oil leakage.
2. Swingarm bearings should be checked by
pushing hard against the side of the rear
wheel while the motorcycle is on a
support block. Freeplay indicates worn
3. Carefully inspect all front and rear
suspension fasteners for tightness.
132
SIDE STAND
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Perform the following maintenance in
accordance with the maintenance schedule.
Functional Check:
® Check the side stand spring (1) for
damage or loss of tension and the side
stand assembly for freedom of movement.
e Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit astride the motorcycle; put the side
stand up.
2. Start the engine and press and hold the
D (drive) side of N-D shift switch to
switch the transmission into D mode.
3. Lower the side stand. The engine
should stop as you put the side stand
down.
If the side stand system does not operate as
described, see your Honda dealer for
service.
(1) Side stand spring
133
WHEEL REMOVAL
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Front Wheel Removal
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Support the motorcycle securely and
raise the front wheel off the ground using
a safety stand or a hoist.
3. Remove the right and left caliper
assemblies (1) from the fork leg by
removing the fixing bolts (2).
134
When removing and installing the wheel, be
areful not to damage the sensor and pulser
ring
To avoid damage to the brake hose, support
the caliper assembly so that it doesn't hang
from the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
(2)
(1)
(1) Brake caliper assembly
(2) Fixing bolts
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc
or pad surfaces. Any contamination can
cause poor brake performance or rapid pad
wear after reassembly.
Do not depress the brake lever when the
caliper assembly is removed. The caliper
pistons will be forced out of the cylinders
with subsequent loss of brake fluid. If this
occurs, servicing of the brake system will be
necessary. See your Honda dealer for this
service.
4. Loosen the right and left axle pinch bolts
(3), and remove the front axle bolt (4).
5. Remove the front axle shaft (5), front
wheel and side collars.
(3) Axle pinch bolts
(4) Front axle bolt
(5) Front axle shaft
135
Front Wheel Installation
1. Install the side collars into the left and
right side wheel hub.
2. Position the front wheel between the fork
legs and insert the front axle shaft from
the left side, through the left fork leg and
wheel hub.
3. Align the end of front axle shaft (1) with
the surface of fork leg (2).
4. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left
fork leg to the specified torque:
22 N-m (2.2 kgf-m , 16 Ibf-ft)
5. Tighten the front axle bolt to the
specified torque:
59 N-m (6.0 kgf-m , 44 Ibf-ft)
6. Install the right and left caliper
assemblies to the fork legs and tighten
the fixing bolts to the specified torque:
31 N-m (3.2 kgf-m , 23 Ibf-ft)
To avoid damaging the brake pads while
installing the caliper assemblies, carefully
fit the brake discs (3) between the pads.
136
7. Operate the front brake and pump the
fork several times. Check for free wheel
rotation after the brake is released.
Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or
the wheel does not rotate freely.
(2)
(1)
(1) End of front axle shaft
(2) Surface of fork leg
If the clearances between each surface of
the brake disc and the brake caliper body
(4) (not the brake pads) are symmetrical,
follow next step.
If the clearances are not symmetrical,
loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull
the left fork outward or push inward to
adjust the clearance. Then follow the next
step.
8. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right
fork leg to specified torque:
22 N-m (2.2 kgf-m , 16 Ibf-ft)
e Visually check that the clearances
between each surface of the brake disc
and the brake caliper body (not the
brake pads) are symmetrical.
e After installing the wheel, operate the
brake pedal several times until you feel
pressure. You must restore pressure
from the lever because this motorcycle
is equipped with a Combined Brake
System.
If the torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capacity.
>
4
a TT |
b Se
(3) Brake disc
(4) Brake caliper body
137
Rear Wheel Removal
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand.
2. To remove the muffler cover (2), remove
the muffler cover bolt (1) and washer,
and pull out from the prongs.
oc
PRN =
BS
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SN 0
Nay J Ca. |
NDS
(2) @
(1) Muffler cover bolt
(2) Muffler cover
138
(3) Rubber cap
3. Loosen the muffler band bolts (4), and
remove the muffler bracket bolt (5) and
nut (6).
4. Remove the muffler (7).
©)
(4) Muffler band bolts
(5) Muffler bracket bolt
(6) Nut
(7) Muffler
5. Support the motorcycle securely, raise Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc
the rear wheel off the ground. or pad surfaces. Any contamination can
6. Remove the rear wheel nuts (8). cause poor brake performance or rapid pad
7. Remove the rear wheel (9) slowly. wear after reassembly.
(8) Rear wheel nuts
(9) Rear wheel
139
Rear Wheel Installation
To install the rear wheel, reverse the
removal procedure.
1. Tighten the rear wheel nuts securely in
the same crisscross pattern to the
specified torque:
108 N-m (11.0 kgf-m , 80 Ibf-ft)
2. Reinstall the muffler and muffler cover.
e Before installing the muffler, replace
the muffler gasket with a new gasket.
e H either of the rubber caps came away
from the prongs when removing the
muffler cover, re-attach them.
Tighten and torque the nuts and bolts to
the specified torque:
Muffler bracket bolt:
21 N-m (2.1 kgf-m, 15 Ibf-ft)
Muffler band bolt:
17 N-m (1.7 kgf-m , 13 Ibf-ft)
Muffler cover bolt:
9 N-m (0.9 kgf-m , 6.6 Ibf-ft)
140
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
BRAKE PAD WEAR
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. (Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads.)
Inspect the pads at each regular
maintenance interval (page113).
Front Brake
Always inspect each pad in both right and
left brake calipers.
Check the cutout (1) in each pad.
If either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
Illustration shows left side,
right side similar.
(1)
(1) Cutouts
141
Rear Brake
Check the cutout (1) in each pad.
If either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
(1)
(1) Cutouts
142
BATTERY
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110. 4 WARNING
It is not necessary to check the battery
electrolyte level or add distilled water as the
battery is a maintenance-free (sealed) type.
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing hard starting or
other electrical troubles), contact your
Honda dealer.
Your battery is a maintenance-free type and
can be permanently damaged if the cap strip
is removed.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal operation.
A spark or flame can cause the battery
to explode with enough force to kill or
seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a face
shield, or have a skilled mechanic do
the battery maintenance.
143
The battery is located in the battery box
behind the left rear cowl.
Removal:
T. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Remove the left rear cowl (page 77 ).
3. Remove the bolt (1), collar (2) and
battery holder (3).
4. Disconnect the negative (—) terminal
lead (4) from the battery first, then
disconnect the positive (+) terminal lead
(5).
5. Pull out the battery (6) from the battery
ох.
Installation:
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (—)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
144
(5)
(6)
(4)
(1) Bolt (3)
(2) Collar
(3) Battery holder
(4) Negative (—) terminal lead
(5) Positive (+) terminal lead
(6) Battery
FUSE REPLACEMENT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
When frequent fuse failure occurs, it
usually indicates a short circuit or an
overload in the electrical system. See your
Honda dealer for repair.
Never use a fuse with a different rating
from that specified. Serious damage to the
electrical system or a fire may result,
causing a dangerous loss of lights or engine
power.
Blown fuse
145
Fuse Box:
The fuse box (1) is located under the front
seat.
The specified fuses are:
10 A, 20 A, 30 A
1. Remove the front seat (page 72 ).
2. Release the tabs (2), then remove the
fuse box cover (3).
3. Pull out the old fuse and install a new fuse.
The spare fuses (4) are located in the
fuse box.
4. Install the fuse box cover and install the
front seat.
146
(3)
(2)
(1)
(4)
(1) Fuse box (3) Fuse box cover
(2) Tabs (4) Spare fuses
HFT Fuse:
The HFT fuse (1) is located under the rear
seat.
The specified fuse is:
10 À
1. Remove the rear seat (page 71 ).
2. Open the fuse box cover (2).
3. Pull out the old fuse and install a new fuse.
The spare fuse is located in the fuse box
(page 146).
4. Close the fuse box cover.
5. Install the rear seat.
(1)
E
A
+
y >.
АСС
N
7 N
N \Z S
28
ee,
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N
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(1) HFT fuse
(2) Fuse box cover
147
Main Fuse: |
The main fuse (1) is located under the rear
seat.
The specified fuse is:
40 A
1. Remove the rear seat (page 71).
2. Release the tab (2), then remove the fuse
box cover (3).
3. Pull out the old fuse and install a new fuse.
4. Install the fuse box cover.
5. Install the rear seat.
148
(1) Main fuse
(2) Tab
(3) Fuse box cover
(2)
(3)
BRAKELIGHT SWITCH ADJUSTMENT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Check the operation of the brakelight A
switch (1) at the right side near the engine y >
from time to time. Y (А) >,
DA
Adjustment is done by turning the adjusting (1)
nut (2). Turn the nut in the direction (A) if
the switch operates too late and in direction ен _ 7 |
(B) if the switch operates too soon.
(1) Brakelight switch
(2) Adjusting nut
149
BRAKE LOCK OPERATION
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
Parking Brake Inspection:
Stop the engine and push your motorcycle
while fully pulling the parking brake lever to
check the efficacy of the parking brake.
If adjustment is necessary, have the brake
adjusted by your Honda dealer for this
service.
(1) Parking brake lever
150
BULB REPLACEMENT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 110.
The light bulb becomes very hot while the
light is ON, and remains hot for a while
after it is turned OFF. Be sure to let it cool
down before servicing.
Do not put finger prints on the headlight
bulb, as they may create hot spots on the
bulb and cause it to break.
Wear clean gloves while replacing the bulb.
If you touch the bulb with your bare hands,
clean it with a cloth moistened with alcohol
to prevent its early failure.
® Be sure to turn the ignition switch OFF
when replacing the bulb.
* Do not use bulbs other than those
specified.
e After installing a new bulb, check that the
light operates properly.
151
Low Beam Headlight Bulb
The right and left low beam headlight bulb
replacement can be done in the same way.
1. Disconnect the connector (1) by pressing
tab (2).
2. Turn the bulb (3) counterclockwise, and
remove it.
3. Install a new bulb in the reverse order of
removal.
(1) Connector
(2) Tab
(3) Bulb
152
High Beam Headlight Bulb
1. Pull off the socket (1) without turning.
2. Remove the dust cover (2).
3. Remove the bulb (3) while pressing
down on the pin (4).
4. Pull out the bulb without turning.
5. Install a new bulb in the reverse order of
removal.
e Install the dust cover with its arrow
mark (5) facing up.
(4)
(2)
(1) Socket (3) Bulb
(2) Dust cover (4) Pin
(5) Arrow mark
153
Position Light Bulb
(except U type>
1. Remove the position light lens (1) by
removing the screws (2).
2. Pull out the bulb (3) without turning.
3. Install a new bulb in the reverse order of
removal.
154
(1)
(3)
(1) Position light lens
(2) Screws
(3) Bulb
Brake/Tail Light
Brake and taillight use some LED.
If there is a LED which is not turned on, see
your Honda dealer for this service.
(1) Brake/tail light
(1)
155
Front Turn Signal Bulb 4. Remove the screws (5) and pull out the
The right and left turn signal bulb mirror (6).
replacement can be done in the same way.
1. Pull back the rubber dust cover (1).
2. Disconnect the connector (2).
3. Remove the rearview mirror assembly
(3) by removing the bolts (4) and
washers.
(10)
(9) |
(E)
o (4) ©)
(2) (4) (1) (3)
(1) Rubber dust cover (4) Bolts (5) Screws (6) Mirror
(2) Connector (9) Metal plate
(3) Rearview mirror (10) Arrow mark
assembly
156
5. Turn the socket (7) counterclockwise, 7. Install a new bulb in the reverse order of
and remove it. removal.
6. Pull out the bulb (8) without turning. e Install the metal plate (9) with its
arrow mark (10) facing front.
(8)
(7) Socket (8) Bulb
157
Rear Turn Signal Bulb
The right and left turn signal bulb
replacement can be done in the same way.
1. Remove the rear seat (page 71).
2. Remove the screws (1) and pull the grab
rail cover (2) upwards.
3. Turn the socket (3) counterclockwise,
then pull it out.
4. Pull out the bulb (4) without turning.
5. Install a new bulb in the reverse order of
removal.
e Use only the amber bulb.
158
(1) Screws
(2) Grab rail cover
(3) Socket
(4) Bulb
License Light Bulb
1. Pull back the rubber dust cover (1).
2. Turn the socket (2) counterclockwise,
then pull it out. |
3. Pull out the bulb (3) without turning.
(1) Rubber dust cover
(2) Socket
(3) Bulb
159
CLEANING
Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect
the surface finishes and inspect for damage,
wear, and oil, coolant or brake fluid leakage.
Avoid cleaning products that are not
specifically designed for motorcycle or
automobile surfaces.
They may contain harsh detergents or
chemical solvents that could damage the
metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
We recommend avoiding the use of high
pressure water spray (typical in coin-
operated car washes).
160
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of the motorcycle.
Washing the Motorcycle
1. Rinse the motorcycle thoroughly with
cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Clean the motorcycle with a sponge or
soft cloth using cool water.
Avoid directing water to muffler outlets
and electrical parts.
3. Clean the plastic parts using a cloth or
sponge dampened with a solution of mild
detergent and water. Rub the soiled area
gently rinsing it frequently with fresh
water.
Take care to keep brake fluid or chemical
solvents off the motorcycle.
They will damage the plastic and painted
surfaces.
4. After cleaning, rinse the motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water.
Strong detergent residue can corrode
alloy parts.
5. Dry the motorcycle, start the engine, and
let it run for several minutes.
6. Test the brakes before riding the
motorcycle. Several applications may be
necessary to restore normal braking
performance.
Braking efficiency may be temporarily
impaired immediately after washing the
motorcycle.
Anticipate longer stopping distance to avoid
a possible accident.
161
Finishing Touches
After washing your motorcycle, consider
using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax
to finish the job. Use only a non-abrasive
polish or wax made specifically for
motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
162
Removing Road Salt
Road Salt used on roads during winter
and salt from seawater causes rust.
Wash your motorcycle as follows after it
has run through salty water or on roads
treated with Road Salt.
1. Clean the motorcycle using cool water
(page 161 ).
Do not use warm water.
This worsens the effect of the salt.
2. Dry the motorcycle and make sure the
metal is protected with the wax.
Painted Aluminum Wheel Maintenance
Aluminum may corrode from contact with
dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels
after riding through any of these
substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool, or
cleaners containing abrasives or chemical
compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
Clean the Mat Painted Surface
Using plenty of water, clean the mat painted
surface with a soft cloth or sponge. Dry
with a soft, clean cloth.
Use neutral detergent to clean mat painted
surface.
Do not use waxes containing compounds.
163
Exhaust Pipe and Muffler Maintenance
The exhaust pipe and muffler is stainless
steel but may become stained by mud or
ust.
To remove mud or dust, use a wet sponge
and a liquid kitchen abrasive, then rinse
well with clean water. Dry with chamois or a
soft towel.
If necessary, remove heat stains by using a
commercially available fine texture
compound. Then rinse by the same manner
as removing mud or dust.
164
STORAGE GUIDE
Extended storage, such as for winter,
requires that you take certain steps to
reduce the effects of deterioration from
non-use of the motorcycle. In addition,
necessary repairs should be made BEFORE
storing the motorcycle; otherwise, these
repairs may be forgotten by the time the
motorcycle is removed from storage.
STORAGE
1. Change the engine oil and filter.
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50 % antifreeze solution.
3. Empty the fuel tank into an approved
petrol container using a commercially
available hand siphon or an equivalent
method. Spray the inside of the tank with
an aerosol rust-inhibiting oil.
Reinstall the fuel fill cap on the tank.
A WARNING
Petrol is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be bumed or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
e Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks, and flame away.
e Refuel only outdoors.
e Wipe up spills immediately.
165
4.To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
e Remove the spark plug caps from the
spark plugs. Using tape or string,
secure the caps to any convenient
plastic body part so that they are
positioned away from the spark plugs.
e Remove the spark plugs from the
engine and store them in a safe place.
Do not connect the spark plugs to the
spark plug caps.
e Pour a tablespoon (15—20 cm) of
clean engine oil into each cylinder and
cover the spark plug holes with a piece
of cloth.
e Crank the engine several times to
distribute the oil.
¢ Reinstall the spark plugs and spark
plug caps.
166
5. Remove the battery. Store in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
Slow charge the battery once a month.
6. Wash and dry the motorcycle. Wax all
painted surfaces. Coat chrome with
rustinhibiting oil.
7. Inflate the tyres to their recommended
pressures. Place the motorcycle on blocks
to raise both tyres off the ground.
8. Cover the motorcycle (don’t use plastic or
other coated materials) and store in an
unheated area, free of dampness with a
minimum of daily temperature variation.
Do not store the motorcycle in direct
sunlight.
REMOVAL FROM STORAGE
1. Uncover and clean the motorcycle.
2. Change the engine oil if more than 4
months have passed since the start of
storage.
3. Charge the battery as required. Install the
battery.
4. Drain any excess aerosol rust-inhibiting
oil from the fuel tank. Fill the fuel tank
with fresh petrol.
5. Perform all Pre-ride Inspection checks
(page 89 ).
Test ride the motorcycle at low speeds in
a safe riding area away from traffic.
167
SPECIFICATIONS
DIMENSIONS
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Wheelbase
CAPACITIES
Engine oil
oil filters change
After disassembly
gear oil
After draining
Fuel tank
Cooling system capacity
Passenger capacity
Maximum weight capacity
Final drive
168
2,320 mm (91.3 in)
835 mm (32.9 in)
1,115 mm (43.9 in)
1,610 mm (63.4 in)
2.9 2 (3.1 US gt , 2.6 Imp gt)
3.3 2 (3.5 US gt , 2.9 Imp at)
4.08 (4.2 US qt, 3.5 Imp qt)
160 cm? (5.4 US oz, 5.6 Imp oz)
15.0 2 (3.96 US gal , 3.30 Imp gal)
2.0 2 (2.1 US gt , 1.8 Imp gt)
Operator and one passenger
164 kg (362 Ibs)
ENGINE
Bore and stroke
Compression ratio
Displacement
Spark plug
Standard
Idle speed
Valve clearance (Cold)
81.0 X 66.0 mm (3.19 x 2.62 in)
10.0: 1
680 cm3 (41.5 cu-in)
SIMRS8A9 (NGK)
1,200 + 100 min” (rpm)
Intake 0.15 mm (0.006 in)
Exhaust 0.20 mm (0.008 in)
169
CHASSIS AND SUSPENSION
Caster
Trail
Tyre size, Front
Tyre size, Rear
Tyre type
170
28°30’
110 mm (4.3 in)
130/70ZR17M/C (62W)
DUNLOP
ROADSMART CQ
BRIDGESTONE
BT021F G
190/50ZR17M/C (73W)
DUNLOP
ROADSMART K
BRIDGESTONE
BTO21R G
radial-ply, tubeless
POWER TRANSMISSION
Primary reduction
Gear ratio (HFT)
Secondary reduction
Final reduction
ELECTRICAL
Battery
Generator
1.136
3.000— 1.000
1.400
2.833
12V—11.2 Ah
0.449 kW/5,000 min” (rpm)
171
LIGHTS
Headlight
Brake/Tail light
Turn signal light Front
Rear
Position light
License light
FUSE
Main fuse
HFT fuse
Other fuses
172
12V—55 W X 3
LED
12V—21W
12V—21 W
12V—5W.... Except U type
12V—5 W
40 À
10 À
10 À, 20 À, 30 À
CATALYTIC CONVERTER
This motorcycle is equipped with a catalytic
converter.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC, CO, and
NOx. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical reactions
to take place. It can set on fire any
combustible materials that come near it.
Park your motorcycle away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your engine’s
performance. Follow these guidelines to
protect your motorcycle's catalytic
converter.
e Always use unleaded petrol. Even a small
amount of leaded petrol can contaminate
the catalyst metals, making the catalytic
converter ineffective.
eKeep the engine in good running
condition.
A poorly running engine can cause the
catalytic converter to overheat causing
damage to the converter or the
motorcycle.
eo If your engine is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling, or otherwise not running
properly, stop riding and turn off the
engine. Have your motorcycle serviced as
soon as possible.
173
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