AMS AS1108 Datasheet

AMS AS1108 Datasheet
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Datas h eet
A S 11 0 8
4- D i g i t L E D D i sp l a y D r i ve r
2 Key Features
The device includes an integrated BCD code-B/HEX
decoder, multiplex scan circuitry, segment and display
drivers, and a 32-bit memory. Internal memory stores
the LED settings, eliminating the need for continuous
device reprogramming.
Every segment can be individually addressed and
updated separately. Only one external resistor (RSET) is
required to set the current through the LED display. LED
brightness can be controlled by analog or digital means.
The device can be programmed to use the internal
code-B/HEX decoder to display numeric digits or to
directly address each segment.
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10MHz SPI-, QSPI-, Microwire-Compatible
Serial I/O
Individual LED Segment Control
Segment Blinking Control (can be synchronized
across multiple drivers)
Hexadecimal- or BCD-Code/No-Decode
Digit Selection
3µA Low-Power Shutdown Current (typ;
data retained)
Extremely Low Operating Current 0.5mA in
Open-Loop
Digital and Analog Brightness Control
Display Blanked on Power-Up
Drive Common-Cathode LED Displays
Supply Voltage Range: +2.7 to +5.5V
Software Reset
Optional External Clock
SOIC 20-pin package
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The AS1108 is a compact display driver for 7-segment
numeric displays of up to 4 digits. The device can be
programmed via SPI, QSPI, and Microwire as well as a
conventional 4-wire serial interface.
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1 General Description
The AS1108 features an extremely low shutdown current of typically 3µA, and an operational current of less
than 500µA. The number of digits can be programmed,
the device can be reset by software, and an external
clock is also supported. Additionally, segment blinking
can be synchronized across multiple drivers.
3 Applications
The AS1108 provides several test modes for easy application debugging.
The AS1108 is ideal for bar-graph displays, instrumentpanel meters, LED matrix displays, dot matrix displays,
set-top boxes, white goods, professional audio equipment, medical equipment, industrial controllers and
panel meters.
The device is available in a SOIC 20-pin package.
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Figure 1. AS1108 - Typical Application Diagram
VDD
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9.53kΩ
I/O
I/O
SCK
Microprocessor
+5V
4 Digits
ISET
DIG0 to
DIG3
DIN
LOAD/CSN
AS1108
CLK
8 Segments
SEG A to G
SEP DP
GND
GND
4-Digit Microprocessor Display
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AS1108
Datasheet - P i n o u t
4 Pinout
Pin Assignments
Figure 2. Pin Assignments (Top View)
DIN 2
19 SEG DP
DIG 0 3
18 SEG E
GND 4
17 SEG C
DIG 2 5
DIG 3 6
AS1108
15 ISET
14 SEG G
13 SEG B
LOAD/CSN 9
12 SEG F
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GND 7
DIG 1 8
CLK 10
Pin Descriptions
16 VDD
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20 SEG D
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DOUT 1
11 SEG A
Table 1. Pin Descriptions
Pin Number
Pin Name
1
DOUT
2
DIN
3, 5, 6, 8
DIG 0:DIG 3
4, 7
GND
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10
LOAD/CSN
Description
Serial-Data Output. The data into pin DIN is valid at pin DOUT 16.5 clock
cycles later. This pin is used to daisy-chain several AS1108 devices and is
never high-impedance.
Serial-Data Input. Data is loaded into the internal 16-bit shift register on the
rising edge of pin CLK.
Digit Drive Lines. 4 four-digit drive lines that sink current from the display
common cathode. The AS1108 pulls the digit outputs to VDD when turned off.
Ground. Both GND pins must be connected.
Load-Data Input. The last 16 bits of serial data are latched on the rising edge
of this pin.
Chip-Select Input (AS1108 SPI-enabled only). Serial data is loaded into the
shift register while this pin is low. The last 16 bits of serial data are latched on
the rising edge of this pin.
Serial-Clock Input. 10MHz maximum rate. Data is shifted into the internal
shift register on the rising edge of this pin. Data is clocked out of DOUT on the
falling edge of this pin. On the AS1108 SPI-enabled, the CLK input is active
only while pin LOAD/CSN is low.
Seven Segment and Decimal Point Drive Lines. 8 seven-segment drives
and decimal point drive that source current to the display. When a segment
driver is turned off it is pulled to GND.
Set Segment Current. Connect to VDD through RSET to set the peak segment
current (see Selecting RSET Resistor Value and Using External Drivers on
page 14).
Positive Supply Voltage. Connect to +2.7 to +5.5V supply.
SEG A:SEG G,
SEG DP
15
ISET
16
VDD
Te
11, 12, 13, 14,
17, 18, 19, 20
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Revision 2.13
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AS1108
Datasheet - A b s o l u t e M a x i m u m R a t i n g s
5 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed in Table 2 may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only,
and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in Section 6 Electrical
Characteristics on page 4 is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may
affect device reliability.
Min
Max
Units
VDD to GND
-0.3
7
V
All other pins to GND
-0.3
VDD + 0.3
(max 7V)
V
DIG 0:DIG 3 Sink Current
500
mA
SEG A:SEG G, SEG DP
100
mA
Electrical Parameters
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Current
Latch-Up Immunity
±200
mA
Digital outputs
1000
V
All other pins
1000
V
941
mW
+150
ºC
Electrostatic Discharge
Notes
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Parameter
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Table 2. Absolute Maximum Ratings
All pins except AS1108 pin 11: ±180 mA
Norm: JEDEC 78
Norm: MIL 883 E method 3015
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +85°C)
Wide SOIC
Derate 11.8mW/ºC
above +70ºC
Temperature Ranges and Storage Conditions
Storage Temperature Range
-55
Package Body Temperature (Wide SOIC)
Humidity
ºC
85
%
Non-condensing
3
Represents a max. floor life time of 168h
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Moisture Sensitive Level
5
+260
The reflow peak soldering temperature (body
temperature) specified is in accordance with IPC/
JEDEC J-STD-020 “Moisture/Reflow Sensitivity
Classification for Non-Hermetic Solid State Surface
Mount Devices”.
The lead finish for Pb-free leaded packages is
matte tin (100% Sn).
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Revision 2.13
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AS1108
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
6 Electrical Characteristics
VDD = 2.7V to 5.5V, RSET = 9.53kΩ±1%, TAMB = TMIN to TMAX (unless otherwise specified). All limits are guaranteed.
The parameters with min and max values are guaranteed with production tests or SQC (Statistical Qualification Control) methods.
Table 3. Electrical Characteristics
Symbol
Conditions
Typ
TAMB
Min
0
Operating Temperature Range
Operating Supply Voltage
VDD
2.7
5.0
Shutdown Supply Current
IDDSD
All digital inputs at VDD or GND,
TAMB = +25ºC
Operating Supply Current
IDD
All segments and decimal point
on; ISEG = -40mA.
Display Scan Rate
fOSC
4 digits scanned
1000
Digit Drive Sink Current
IDIGIT
VOUT = 0.65V
320
Unit
°C
5.5
V
10
µA
1
mA
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RSET = open circuit.
Max
+70
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Parameter
330
1600
2600
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Segment Drive Source Current
ISEG
Segment Drive Current Matching
∆ISEG
VDD = 5.0V, VOUT = (VDD -1V)
-30
Hz
mA
-40
-45
3.0
mA
%
Digit Drive Source Current
IDIGIT
Digit off, VDIGIT = (VDD - 0.3V)
-2
mA
Segment Drive Sink Current
ISEG
Segment off, VSEG = 0.3V
5
mA
Slow Segment Blink Period (ON
phase, Internal Oscillator)
tSLOWBLINK
0.64
1
1.65
s
Fast Segment Blink Period
(ON phase, Internal Oscillator)
tFASTBLINK
0.32
0.5
0.83
s
49.9
50
50.1
%
Fast or Slow Segment Blink Duty
Cycle (Guaranteed by design)
Table 4. Logic Inputs/Outputs Characteristics
Symbol
IIH, IIL
VIH
Logic Low Input Voltage
VIL
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Parameter
Input Current DIN, CLK, LOAD/CSN
Logic High Input Voltage
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Output High Voltage
VOL
∆VI
VDD = 5.0V ± 10%
VDD = 3.0V ± 10%
DOUT, ISOURCE = -1mA,
VDD = 5.0V ± 10%
DOUT, ISOURCE = -1mA,
VDD = 3.0V ± 10%
DOUT, ISINK = 1.6mA
DIN, CLK, LOAD/CSN
Min
-1
0.7 x VDD
Typ
Max
1
0.8
0.6
Unit
µA
V
V
VDD - 1
V
VDD - 0.5
0.4
1
V
V
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Output Low Voltage
Hysteresis Voltage
VOH
Conditions
VIN = 0V or VDD
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Revision 2.13
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AS1108
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Table 5. Timing Characteristics (see Figure 10 on page 8)
Conditions
Min
100
50
50
tCSS
25
tCSH
tDS
tDH
tDO
tLDCK
tCSW
tDSPD
0
25
0
CLOAD = 50pF
Typ
Max
ns
25
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ms
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50
50
Unit
ns
ns
ns
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Symbol
tCP
tCH
tCL
2.25
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Parameter
CLK Clock Period
CLK Pulse Width High
CLK Pulse Width Low
CSMFall-to-CLK Rise Setup Time
(AS1108 SPI-programmed)
CLK Rise-to -LOAD/CSN Rise Hold Time
DIN Setup Time
DIN Hold Time
Output Data Propagation Delay
LOAD Rising Edge-to-Next Clock Rising Edge
Minimum LOAD/CSN Pulse High
Data-to-Segment Delay
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AS1108
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
7 Typical Operating Characteristics
VDD = 5V, RSET = 9.53kΩ, TAMB = 25ºC (unless otherwise specified).
Figure 3. Scan Frequency vs.Temperature
Figure 4. Scan Frequency vs. VDD
1980
1960
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1940
1960
1920
FOSC (Hz)
1920
1900
1880
1860
1900
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FOSC (Hz)
1940
1840
1880
1820
1860
-20
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1800
-40
0
20
40
60
80
2
3
4
VDD (V)
TAMB (°C)
Figure 5. ISEG vs. Temperature
50
VDD = 5V, VOUT = 4V
35
40
30
25
ISEG (mA)
ISEG (mA)
60
50
40
VDD = 2.7V, VOUT = 2V
20
VOUT = 1.7V
30
VOUT = 4V
20
15
VDD = 2.7V, VOUT = 2.4V
10
VOUT = 2.4V
10
5
0
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
2
80
2.5
3
3.5
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Figure 7. ISEG vs. VOUT
40
20
ISEG (mA)
ISEG (mA)
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RSET = 10kΩ
RSET = 20kΩ
20
15
RSET = 20kΩ
10
15
10
5.5
VDD = 2.7V
30
25
5
25
RSET = 10kΩ
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4.5
Figure 8. ISEG vs. VOUT
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50
4
VDD (V)
TAMB (°C)
45
6
Figure 6. ISEG vs. VDD
VDD = 5V, VOUT = 2.4V
45
5
RSET = 40kΩ
5
RSET = 40kΩ
5
0
0
0 0.5
1 1.5
2 2.5 3 3.5
VOUT (V)
4 4.5
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0
5
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
VOUT (V)
Revision 2.13
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AS1108
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Figure 9. ISEG vs. RSET
60
VOUT = 2.4V
50
30
VOUT
= 4V
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ISEG (mA)
40
VOUT = 2V
20
VDD = 5V
10
0
10
20
VDD = 2.7V
30
40
50
60
70
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VOUT = 1.7V
0
80
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RSET (k Ω)
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Revision 2.13
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AS1108
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8 Detailed Description
Serial-Addressing Format
Programming the AS1108 is accomplished by writing to the device’s internal registers (see Digit- and Control-Registers
on page 9) via the 4-wire serial interface. A programming sequence consists of 16-bit packages as depicted in Table 6.
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The data is shifted into the internal 16-bit register with the rising edge of the CLK signal. With the rising edge of the
LOAD/CSN signal the data is latched into a digit- or control-register. The LOAD/CSN signal must go high after the 16th
rising clock edge.
The LOAD/CSN signal can also come later but this must happen just before the next rising edge of CLK, otherwise the
data will be lost. The contents of the internal shift register are applied 16.5 clock cycles later to pin DOUT. The data is
clocked out at the falling edge of CLK.
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The first 4 bits (D15:D12) are “don't care” settings, bits D11:D8 contain the register address, and bits D7:D0 contain the
data. The first bit is D15, the most significant bit (MSB). The exact timing is shown in Figure 10.
Table 6. 16-Bit Serial Data Format
D14
X
D13
X
D12
X
Initial Power-Up
D11
D10
D9
D8
D7
Register Address (see Table 7) MSB
D6
D5
D4
D3
Data
D2
D1
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D15
X
D0
LSB
On initial power-up, the AS1108 registers are reset to their default values, the display is blanked, and the device goes
into shutdown mode. All registers should be programmed for normal operation at this time.
Note: The default settings enable only scanning of one digit; the internal decoder is disabled and the Intensity Control
Register (see page 12) is set to the minimum values.
Figure 10. Interface Timing
LOAD/
CSN
tCSW
tCSH
tCP
tCSS
tCL
CLK
tLDCK
tCH
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tDH
tDS
DIN
D1
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D14
D0
tDO
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DOUT
D15
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AS1108
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Shutdown Mode
The AS1108 features a shutdown mode, consuming only 10µA (max) current. Shutdown mode is entered via a write to
the Shutdown Register (see Table 8). At that point, all segment current sources are pulled to ground and all digit drivers are connected to VDD, so that all segments are blanked.
Note: During shutdown mode the Digit-Registers maintain their data.
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Shutdown mode can either be used as a means to reduce power consumption or for generating a flashing display
(repeatedly entering and leaving shutdown mode). For minimum supply current in shutdown mode, logic input should
be at GND or VDD (CMOS logic level).
The device needs typically 250µs to exit shutdown mode, and during shutdown mode the AS1108 is fully programmable. Only the display test mode (see page 11) overrides shutdown mode.
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When entering or leaving shutdown mode, the Feature Register is reset to its default values (all 0s) when Shutdown
Register bit D7 (page 10) = 0. When bit D7 = 1, the Feature Register is left unchanged when entering or leaving shutdown mode.
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Note: If the AS1108 is used with an external clock, Shutdown Register bit D7 should be set to 1 when writing to the
Shutdown Register.
Digit- and Control-Registers
The AS1108 contains four Digit-Registers and six control-registers, which are listed in Table 7. All registers are
selected using a 4-bit address word, and communication is done via the serial interface.
Digit Registers – These registers are realized with an on-chip 32-bit memory. Each digit can be controlled directly
without rewriting the whole register contents.
Control Registers – These registers consist of decode mode, display intensity, number of scanned digits, shutdown, display test and features selection registers.
Table 7. Register Address Map
Register
HEX Code
No-Op
Digit 0
Digit 1
Digit 2
Page
D15:D12
D11
D10
D9
D8
0xX0
X
0
0
0
0
13
0xX1
X
0
0
0
1
N/A
0xX2
X
0
0
1
0
N/A
0xX3
X
0
0
1
1
N/A
0xX4
X
0
1
0
0
N/A
0xX9
X
1
0
0
1
10
Intensity Control
0xXA
X
1
0
1
0
12
Scan Limit
0xXB
X
1
0
1
1
12
Shutdown
X
1
1
0
0
10
0xXD
X
1
1
0
1
N/A
Feature
0xXE
X
1
1
1
0
13
0xXF
X
1
1
1
1
11
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0xXC
N/A
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Decode-Mode
ca
Digit 3
Address
Te
Display Test
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Revision 2.13
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AS1108
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Shutdown Register (0xXC)
The Shutdown Register controls AS1108 shutdown mode (see Shutdown Mode on page 9).
Table 8. Shutdown Register Format (Address (HEX) = 0xXC))
HEX Code
Shutdown Mode,
Reset Feature Register to Default Settings
Shutdown Mode, Feature Register Unchanged
Normal Operation,
Reset Feature Register to Default Settings
Normal Operation, Feature Register Unchanged
Register Data
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0x00
0
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
0x80
1
X
X
X
X
0x01
0
X
X
X
X
0x81
1
X
X
X
X
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Mode
X
0
X
X
1
X
X
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Decode Enable Register (0xX9)
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The Decode Enable Register sets the decode mode. BCD/HEX decoding (either BCD code – characters 0:9, E, H, L,
P, and -, or HEX code – characters 0:9 and A:F) is selected by bit D2 (page 13) of the Feature Register. The Decode
Enable Register is used to select the decode mode or no-decode for each digit. Each bit in the Decode Enable Register corresponds to its respective display digit (i.e., bit D0 corresponds to digit 0, bit D1 corresponds to digit 1 and so
on). Table 10 lists some examples of the possible settings for the Decode Enable Register bits.
Note: A logic high enables decoding and a logic low bypasses the decoder altogether.
When decode mode is used, the decoder looks only at the lower-nibble (bits D3:D0) of the data in the Digit-Registers,
disregarding bits D6:D4. Bit D7 sets the decimal point (SEG DP) independent of the decoder and is positive logic (bit
D7 = 1 turns the decimal point on). Table 10 lists the code-B font; Table 11 lists the HEX font.
When no-decode mode is selected, data bits D7:D0 of the Digit-Registers correspond to the segment lines of the
AS1108. Table 12 shows the 1:1 pairing of each data bit and the appropriate segment line.
Table 9. Decode Enable Register Format (Address (HEX) = 0xX9))
Decode Mode
HEX Code
No decode for digits 3:0
Code-B/HEX decode for digit 0. No decode for digits 3:1
Code-B/HEX decode for digits 3:0
0x00
0x01
0xFF
D7
X
X
X
D6
X
X
X
Register Data
D5 D4 D3 D2
X
X
0
0
X
X
0
0
X
X
1
1
D1
0
0
1
D0
0
1
1
F
1
0
0
0
1
1
G
0
0
1
1
1
1
Figure 11. Standard 7-Segment LED Intensity Control and Inter-Digit Blanking
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A
F
B
G
C
E
D
DP
Table 10. Code-B Font
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7-Segment
Character
0
1
2
3
4
5
D7
†
Register Data
D6:D4
X
X
X
X
X
X
D3
0
0
0
0
0
0
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D2
0
0
0
0
1
1
On Segments = 1
D1
0
0
1
1
0
0
D0
0
1
0
1
0
1
Revision 2.13
DP
†
A
1
0
1
1
0
1
B
1
1
1
1
1
0
C
1
1
0
1
1
1
D
1
0
1
1
0
1
E
1
0
1
0
0
0
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AS1108
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 10. Code-B Font (Continued)
D7
6
7
8
9
E
H
L
P
Blank
†
D6:D4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
D3
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
D2
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
On Segments = 1
D1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
D0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
DP
†
A
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
B
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
C
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
The decimal point is enabled by setting bit D7 = 1.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
b
C
d
E
F
Register Data
D7
†
D6:D4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
D3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
F
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
D2
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
G
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
On Segments = 1
D1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
D0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
DP
†
A
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
B
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
C
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
D
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
E
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
F
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
G
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
The decimal point is enabled by setting bit D7 = 1.
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†
E
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
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Table 11. HEX Font
7-Segment
Character
D
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
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Register Data
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7-Segment
Character
Table 12. No-Decode Mode Data Bits and Corresponding Segment Lines
D7
DP
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Corresponding Segment Line
D6
A
D5
B
D4
C
D3
D
D2
E
D1
F
D0
G
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Display-Test Register (0xXF)
The AS1108 can operate in two modes: normal mode and display test mode. In display test mode all LEDs are
switched on at maximum brightness (duty cycle is 15/16). The device remains in display-test mode until the DisplayTest Register is set for normal operation.
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Note: All settings of the Digit- and Control-Registers are maintained.
Table 13. Display-Test Register Format (Address (HEX) = 0xXF))
Mode
Normal Operation
Display Test Mode
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs/AS1108
D7
X
X
D6
X
X
Revision 2.13
D5
X
X
Register Data
D4
D3
X
X
X
X
D2
X
X
D1
X
X
D0
0
1
11 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Intensity Control Register (0xXA)
The brightness of the display can be controlled by digital means using the Intensity Control Register and by analog
means using RSET (see Selecting RSET Resistor Value and Using External Drivers on page 14).
Display brightness is controlled by an integrated pulse-width modulator which is controlled by the lower-nibble of the
Intensity Control Register. The modulator scales the average segment-current in 16 steps from a maximum of 31/32
down to 1/32 of the peak current set by RSET.
HEX Code
D7
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Register Data
D4
D3
X
0
X
0
X
0
X
0
X
0
X
0
X
0
X
0
X
1
X
1
X
1
X
1
X
1
X
1
X
1
X
1
D5
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
D2
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
D1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
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0xX0
0xX1
0xX2
0xX3
0xX4
0xX5
0xX6
0xX7
0xX8
0xX9
0xXA
0xXB
0xXC
0xXD
0xXE
0xXF
D6
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
D0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
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Duty Cycle
AS1108
1/32 (min on)
3/32
5/32
7/32
9/32
11/32
13/32
15/32
17/32
19/32
21/32
23/32
25/32
27/32
29/32
31/32 (max on)
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Table 14. Intensity Register Format (Address (HEX) = 0xXA))
Scan-Limit Register (0x0B)
The Scan-Limit Register controls which of the digits are to be displayed. When all 4 digits are to be displayed, the
update frequency is typically 1600Hz. If the number of digits displayed is reduced, the update frequency is increased.
The frequency can be calculated using 8fOSC/N, where N is the number of digits. Since the number of displayed digits
influences the brightness, RSET should be adjusted accordingly. Table 16 lists the maximum allowed current when
fewer than 4 digits are used.
Note: To avoid differences in brightness this register should not be used to blank parts of the display (leading zeros).
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Table 15. Scan-Limit Register Format (Address (HEX) = 0xXB))
HEX Code
Display digit 0 only (see Table 16)
Display digits 0:1 (see Table 16)
Display digits 0:2 (see Table 16)
Display digits 0:3
0xX0
0xX1
0xX2
0xX3
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Scan Limit
D7
X
X
X
X
D6
X
X
X
X
D5
X
X
X
X
Register Data
D4
D3
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
D2
0
0
0
0
D1
0
0
1
1
D0
0
1
0
1
Table 16. Maximum Segment Current for 1-, 2-, or 3-Digit Displays
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Number of Digits Displayed
1
2
3
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Maximum Segment Current (mA)
10
20
30
Revision 2.13
12 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Feature Register (0xXE)
The Feature Register is used for switching the device into external clock mode, applying an external reset, selecting
code-B or HEX decoding, enabling or disabling blinking, enabling or disabling the SPI-compatible interface, setting the
blinking rate, and resetting the blink timing.
Note: At power-up the Feature Register is initialized to 0.
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
blink_
start
sync
blink_
freq_sel
blink_en
spi_en
decode_sel
reg_res
Table 18. Feature Register Bit Descriptions (Address (HEX) = 0xXE))
D3
D4
D5
D6
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D1
clk_en
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D0
D0
Feature Register
Enables and disables various device features.
Bit Name
Default
Access
Bit Description
External clock select.
clk_en
0
R/W
0 = Internal oscillator is used for system clock.
1 = Pin CLK of the serial interface operates as system clock input.
Resets all control registers except the Feature Register.
0 = Reset Disabled. Normal operation.
reg_res
0
R/W
1 = All control registers are reset to default state (except the Feature
Register) identically after power-up.
Note: The Digit Registers maintain their data.
Selects display decoding.
decode_sel
0 = Enable Code-B decoding (see Table 10 on page 10).
0
R/W
1 = Enable HEX decoding (see Table 11 on page 11).
Enables the SPI-compatible interface.
spi_en
0
R/W
0 = Disable SPI-compatible interface.
1 = Enable the SPI-compatible interface.
Enables blinking.
blink_en
0 = Disable blinking.
0
R/W
1 = Enable blinking.
Sets blink with low frequency (with the internal oscillator enabled):
blink_freq_sel
0 = Blink period typically is 1 second (0.5s on, 0.5s off).
0
R/W
1 = Blink period is 2 seconds (1s on, 1s off).
Synchronizes blinking on the rising edge of pin LOAD/CSN. The
multiplex and blink timing counter is cleared on the rising edge of pin
sync
0
R/W
LOAD/CSN. By setting this bit in multiple AS1108 devices, the blink
timing can be synchronized across all the devices.
Start Blinking with display enabled phase. When bit D4 (blink_en) is set,
bit D7 determines how blinking starts.
blink_start
0
R/W
0 = Blinking starts with the display turned off.
1 = Blinking starts with the display turned on.
Addr: 0xXE
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Table 17. Feature Register Summary
No-Op Register (0xX0)
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The No-Op Register is used when multiple AS1108 devices are cascaded in order to support displays with more than 4
digits. The cascading must be done in such a way that all DOUT pins are connected to DIN of the next AS1108 (see
Figure 12 on page 16). The LOAD/CSN and CLK signals are connected to all devices.
For example, if five devices are cascaded, in order to perform a write operation to the fifth device, the write-command
must be followed by four no-operation commands. When the LOAD/CSN signal goes high, all shift registers are
latched. The first four devices will receive no-operation commands and only the fifth device will receive the intended
operation command, and subsequently update its register.
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Revision 2.13
13 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l A p p l i c a t i o n
9 Typical Application
Supply Bypassing and Wiring
In order to achieve optimal performance the AS1108 should be placed very close to the LED display to minimize
effects of electromagnetic interference and wiring inductance.
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Furthermore, a 10µF electrolytic and a 0.1µF ceramic capacitor should be connected between pins VDD and GND to
avoid power supply ripple (see Figure 12 on page 16).
Note: Both GND pins must be connected to ground.
Selecting RSET Resistor Value and Using External Drivers
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Brightness of the display segments is controlled via RSET. The current that flows between VDD and ISET defines the
current that flows through the LEDs.
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Segment current is about 200 times the current in ISET. Typical values for RSET for different segment currents, operating voltages, and LED voltage drop (VLED) are given in Tables 19 - 23. The maximum current the AS1108 can drive is
40mA. If higher currents are needed, external drivers must be used, in which case it is no longer necessary that the
device drive high currents.
In cases where the device drives only a few digits, Table 16 specifies the maximum currents, and RSET must be set
accordingly.
Note: The display brightness can also be logically controlled (see Selecting RSET Resistor Value and Using External
Drivers on page 14).
Table 19. RSET vs. Segment Current and LED Forward Voltage, VDD = 2.7V
VLED(V)
ISEG (mA)
1.5
5kΩ
6.9kΩ
10.7kΩ
22.2kΩ
40
30
20
10
2.0
4.4kΩ
5.9kΩ
9.6kΩ
20.7kΩ
Table 20. RSET vs. Segment Current and LED Forward Voltage, VDD = 3.3V
ISEG (mA)
VLED(V)
2.0
6.4kΩ
8.8kΩ
13.3kΩ
27.7kΩ
1.5
6.7kΩ
9.1kΩ
13.9kΩ
28.8kΩ
2.5
5.7kΩ
8.1kΩ
12.6kΩ
26kΩ
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40
30
20
10
Table 21. RSET vs. Segment Current and LED Forward Voltage, VDD = 3.6V
1.5
7.5kΩ
10.18kΩ
15.6kΩ
31.9kΩ
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ISEG (mA)
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40
30
20
10
VLED(V)
2.0
7.2kΩ
9.8kΩ
15kΩ
31kΩ
2.5
6.6kΩ
9.2kΩ
14.3kΩ
29.5kΩ
3.0
5.5kΩ
7.5kΩ
13kΩ
27.3kΩ
Table 22. RSET vs. Segment Current and LED Forward Voltage, VDD = 4.0V
ISEG (mA)
40
30
1.5
8.6kΩ
11.6kΩ
2.0
8.3kΩ
11.2kΩ
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs/AS1108
VLED(V)
2.5
7.9kΩ
10.8kΩ
Revision 2.13
3.0
7.6kΩ
9.9kΩ
3.5
5.2kΩ
7.8kΩ
14 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l A p p l i c a t i o n
Table 22. RSET vs. Segment Current and LED Forward Voltage, VDD = 4.0V (Continued)
ISEG (mA)
1.5
17.7kΩ
36.89kΩ
20
10
2.0
17.3kΩ
35.7kΩ
VLED(V)
2.5
16.6kΩ
34.5kΩ
3.0
15.6kΩ
32.5kΩ
3.5
13.6kΩ
29.1kΩ
VLED (V)
1.5
11.35kΩ
15.4kΩ
23.6kΩ
48.9kΩ
40
30
20
10
2.0
11.12kΩ
15.1kΩ
23.1kΩ
47.8kΩ
2.5
10.84kΩ
14.7kΩ
22.6kΩ
46.9kΩ
Table 24. Package Thermal Data
4.0
9.9kΩ
13.1kΩ
20.2kΩ
42kΩ
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20 Wide SOIC
Thermal Resistance (ΘJA)
+85°C/W
3.5
10.2kΩ
13.6kΩ
21.1kΩ
43.8kΩ
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Package
3.0
10.49kΩ
14.4kΩ
22kΩ
45.4kΩ
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ISEG (mA)
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Table 23. RSET vs. Segment Current and LED Forward Voltage, VDD = 5.0V
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs/AS1108
Revision 2.13
15 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l A p p l i c a t i o n
4x8 LED Dot Matrix Driver
The application example in Figure 12 shows the AS1108 as a 4x8 LED dot matrix driver.
The LED columns have common cathodes and are connected to the DIG0:3 outputs. The rows are connected to the
segment drivers. Each of the 32 LEDs can be addressed separately. The columns are selected via the digits as listed
in Table 7 on page 9.
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The Decode Enable Register (see page 10) must be set to ‘00000000’ as described in Table 9 on page 10. Single
LEDs in a column can be addressed as described in Table 12 on page 11, where bit D0 corresponds to segment G and
bit D7 corresponds to segment DP.
Note: For a multiple-digit dot matrix, multiple AS1108 devices must be cascaded.
Figure 12. Application Example as LED Dot Matrix Driver
Diode Arrangement
4x8 LED
Dot Matrix
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4x8 LED
Dot Matrix
SEG G
SEG F
SEG E
SEG D
SEG C
SEG B
SEG A
SEG DP
SEG D
SEG C
SEG B
SEG A
SEG DP
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SEG G
SEG F
SEG E
SEG A:G DIG0:3
SEG DP
DOUT
SEG A:G DIG0:3
SEG DP
AS1108
VDD
DIN
MicroProcessor
AS1108
VBAT
9.53kΩ
LOAD/CSN
CLK
LOAD/CSN
VBAT
9.53kΩ
CLK
ISET
GND
GND
ISET
GND
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GND
VDD
DIN
Cascading Drivers
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If more than 4 digits or 32 LEDs are needed, it is recommended to use the AS1106/AS1107, although several AS1108
devices can be cascaded.
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The example in Figure 4 drives 2 dot matrix digits using a 4-wire microprocessor interface. All Scan-Limit Registers
should be set to the same value so that one display will not appear brighter than the other.
For example, to display 6 digits, set both Scan-Limit Registers to display 3 digits so that both displays have a 1/3 duty
cycle per digit. If 5 digits are needed, set both Scan-Limit Registers to display 3 digits and leave one digit unconnected.
Otherwise, if one driver is set to display 3 digits and the other to display 2 digits one display will appear brighter
because its duty cycle per digit will be 1/2 and the other display’s duty cycle will be 1/3.
Note: Refer to No-Op Register (0xX0) on page 13 for additional information.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs/AS1108
Revision 2.13
16 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - P a c k a g e D r a w i n g s a n d M a r k i n g s
10 Package Drawings and Markings
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Figure 13. SOIC 20-pin Marking
Table 25. Packaging Code YYWWRZZ
YY
WW
manufacturing week
Q
ZZ
plant identifier
free choice / traceability code
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last two digits of the current year
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs/AS1108
Revision 2.13
17 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - P a c k a g e D r a w i n g s a n d M a r k i n g s
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Figure 14. SOIC 20-pin Package
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs/AS1108
Revision 2.13
18 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet - O r d e r i n g I n f o r m a t i o n
11 Ordering Information
The AS1108 is available as the standard products shown in Table 26.
Table 26. Ordering Information
Marking
Description
Temperature Range
Delivery Form
Package
AS1108WL
AS1108WL
4-Digit LED Display Driver
0 to +70ºC
Tubes
SOIC 20-pin
AS1108WL-T
AS1108WL
4-Digit LED Display Driver
0 to +70ºC
Tape and Reel
SOIC 20-pin
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Ordering Code
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Note: All products are RoHS compliant and austriamicrosystems green.
Buy our products or get free samples online at ICdirect: http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/ICdirect
Technical Support is found at http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/Technical-Support
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For further information and requests, please contact us mailto:[email protected]
or find your local distributor at http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/distributor
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs/AS1108
Revision 2.13
19 - 20
AS1108
Datasheet
Copyrights
Copyright © 1997-2012, austriamicrosystems AG, Tobelbaderstrasse 30, 8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria-Europe.
Trademarks Registered ®. All rights reserved. The material herein may not be reproduced, adapted, merged,
translated, stored, or used without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.
All products and companies mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
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Disclaimer
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Devices sold by austriamicrosystems AG are covered by the warranty and patent indemnification provisions appearing
in its Term of Sale. austriamicrosystems AG makes no warranty, express, statutory, implied, or by description regarding
the information set forth herein or regarding the freedom of the described devices from patent infringement.
austriamicrosystems AG reserves the right to change specifications and prices at any time and without notice.
Therefore, prior to designing this product into a system, it is necessary to check with austriamicrosystems AG for
current information. This product is intended for use in normal commercial applications. Applications requiring
extended temperature range, unusual environmental requirements, or high reliability applications, such as military,
medical life-support or life-sustaining equipment are specifically not recommended without additional processing by
austriamicrosystems AG for each application. For shipments of less than 100 parts the manufacturing flow might show
deviations from the standard production flow, such as test flow or test location.
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The information furnished here by austriamicrosystems AG is believed to be correct and accurate. However,
austriamicrosystems AG shall not be liable to recipient or any third party for any damages, including but not limited to
personal injury, property damage, loss of profits, loss of use, interruption of business or indirect, special, incidental or
consequential damages, of any kind, in connection with or arising out of the furnishing, performance or use of the technical data herein. No obligation or liability to recipient or any third party shall arise or flow out of
austriamicrosystems AG rendering of technical or other services.
Contact Information
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Headquarters
austriamicrosystems AG
Tobelbaderstrasse 30
A-8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria
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Tel: +43 (0) 3136 500 0
Fax: +43 (0) 3136 525 01
For Sales Offices, Distributors and Representatives, please visit:
http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/contact
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Revision 2.13
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