Zurich 63809 Owner's manual

Zurich 63809 Owner's manual
Table of Contents
i
ABOUT THE CODE READER
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ...................................
VEHICLES COVERED .............................................................
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ..............................................
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS ............................................................
INITIAL ADJUSTMENTS ..........................................................
1
2
3
4
6
ONBOARD DIAGNOSTICS
OBD2 TERMINOLOGY ............................................................
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) ..............................
OBD2 MONITORS ...................................................................
7
8
11
PREPARATION FOR TESTING
BEFORE YOU BEGIN ..............................................................
14
USING THE CODE READER
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE ..........................................
THE SYSTEM MENU ...............................................................
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs .........................................
VIEWING ABS DTCs ................................................................
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) .............
I/M READINESS TESTING ......................................................
15
20
21
31
33
34
LIVE DATA MODE
VIEWING LIVE DATA ..............................................................
39
ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
SYSTEM TEST MENU .............................................................
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION .......................................
RESETTING THE OIL MAINTENANCE LIGHT .......................
BATTERY/ALTERNATOR MONITOR .....................................
VIEWING TRIP CYCLE PROCEDURES .................................
VIEWING THE FIRMWARE VERSION ....................................
THE TOOL LIBRARY ...............................................................
ADJUSTMENTS, SETTINGS AND LANGUAGE .....................
OBD UPDATER ........................................................................
41
45
48
49
52
54
54
57
60
GENERIC (GLOBAL) OBD2 PID LIST ............................................
61
VEHICLE APPLICATIONS - ABS
VEHICLE APPLICATIONS – MAKES COVERED ...................
66
GLOSSARY
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ...................
67
WARRANTY AND SERVICING
TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................
LIMITED 90 DAY WARRANTY ................................................
68
69
About the Code Reader
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all safety warnings and all instructions.
Failure to follow the warnings and instructions may result in
electric shock, fire and/or serious injury.
Save all warnings and instructions for future reference.
1. Operating a vehicle indoors CAN KILL YOU IN MINUTES. Engine
exhaust contains carbon monoxide. This is a poison you cannot see
or smell. NEVER operate vehicle inside a home or garage, EVEN IF
doors and windows are open. Only use OUTSIDE and far away
from windows, doors, and vents.
2. People with pacemakers should consult their physician(s) before
use. Electromagnetic fields in close proximity to heart pacemaker
could cause pacemaker interference or pacemaker failure. Caution
is necessary when near coil, spark plug cables, or distributor of
running engine. Engine should be off during distributor adjustment.
3. Keep clothing, hair, hands, tools, test equipment, etc. away from all
moving or hot engine parts.
4. Put the transmission in PARK (for automatic transmission) or
NEUTRAL (for manual transmission) and make sure the parking
brake is engaged.
5. Put blocks in front of and behind the drive wheels.
6. Read vehicle service manual before inspecting, maintaining, or
repairing a vehicle.
7. Wear ANSI-approved safety goggles.
8. Never leave the vehicle unattended while running tests.
9. Keep a fire extinguisher suitable for gasoline/chemical/electrical fires
nearby.
10. Don’t connect or disconnect any test equipment while the ignition is
on or the engine is running.
11. This product is not a toy. Keep it out of reach of children.
12. Keep the Code Reader dry, clean, free from oil, water or grease.
Use a mild detergent on a clean cloth to clean the outside of the
Code Reader, when necessary.
13. The warnings, precautions, and instructions discussed in this
instruction manual cannot cover all possible conditions and
situations that may occur. It must be understood by the operator that
common sense and caution are factors which cannot be built into
this product, but must be supplied by the operator.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
1
About the Code Reader
VEHICLES COVERED
VEHICLES COVERED
The Code Reader is designed to work on all OBD2 compliant vehicles.
All 1996 and newer vehicles (cars and light trucks) sold in the United
States are OBD2 compliant. This includes all Domestic, Asian and
European vehicles. Coverage for new model vehicles may be limited
and will be available once released by the automaker. Availability is
typically 12 to 24 months after the release of the model year.
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles are OBD2 compliant. To find out if a
1994 or 1995 vehicle is OBD2 compliant, check the following:
1. The Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) Label. This
label is located under the hood or by the radiator of most vehicles. If
the vehicle is OBD2 compliant, the label will state “OBD II
Certified.”
VEHICLE EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY
DISPLACEMENT
VEHICLE
MANUFACTURER
EFN2.6YBT2BA
2.6L
OBD II
CERTIFIED
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO U.S. EPA AND STATE
OF CALIFORNIA REGULATIONS APPLICABLE TO
1999 MODEL YEAR NEW TLEV PASSENGER CARS.
REFER TO SERVICE MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
TUNE-UP CONDITIONS: NORMAL OPERATING ENGINE TEMPERATURE,
ACCESSORIES OFF, COOLING FAN OFF, TRANSMISSION IN NEUTRAL
EXHAUST EMISSIONS STANDARDS
CERTIFICATION
IN-USE
SPARK PLUG
TYPE NGK BPRE-11
GAP: 1.1MM
OBD II
CERTIFIED
STANDARD CATEGORY
TLEV
TLEV INTERMEDIATE
CATALYST
2. Government Regulations require that all
OBD2 compliant vehicles must have a
“common”
sixteen-pin
Data
Link
Connector (DLC).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10111213141516
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles have 16-pin connectors but are not
OBD2 compliant. Only those vehicles with a Vehicle Emissions
Control Label stating “OBD II Certified” are OBD2 compliant.
Data Link Connector (DLC) Location
The 16-pin DLC is usually
located under the instrument
panel (dash), within 12 inches
(300 mm) of center of the panel,
on the driver’s side of most
vehicles. It should be easily
accessible and visible from a
kneeling position outside the
vehicle with the door open.
LEFT CORNER
OF DASH
NEAR
CENTER
OF DASH
BEHIND
ASHTRAY
On some Asian and European vehicles the DLC is located
behind the “ashtray” (the ashtray must be removed to access it)
or on the far left corner of the dash. If the DLC cannot be
located, consult the vehicle’s service manual for the location.
2
About the Code Reader
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
13
14
10
12
7
11
1
4
2
5
3
6
9
8
Figure 1. Controls and Indicators
See Figure 1 for the locations of items 1 through 14, below.
1.
ERASE button - Erases Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and
"Freeze Frame" data from your vehicle's computer, and resets
Monitor status.
2.
SYSTEM MENU button – When pressed, displays the System
Menu.
3. DTC/FF button – Displays the DTC View screen and/or scrolls the
LCD display to view DTCs and Freeze Frame data.
4.
LINK button – When the Code Reader is connected to a
vehicle, links the Code Reader to the vehicle’s PCM to retrieve
diagnostic data from the computer’s memory.
3
About the Code Reader
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
5. M (Menu) button – When pressed while linked to a vehicle, displays
the Main Menu.
6. LD button – When pressed while linked to a vehicle, places the
Code Reader in Live Data mode.
7.
UP button – When in MENU mode, scrolls UP through the
menu and submenu selection options. When LINKED to a vehicle,
scrolls UP through the current display screen to display any
additional data.
8.
ENTER button - When in Menu mode, confirms the selected
option or value.
9.
DOWN button - When in MENU mode, scrolls down through the
menu and submenu selection options. When LINKED to a vehicle,
scrolls down through the current display screen to display any
additional data.
10. GREEN LED - Indicates that all engine systems are running
normally (all Monitors on the vehicle are active and performing their
diagnostic testing, and no DTCs are present).
11. YELLOW LED - Indicates there is a possible problem. A “Pending”
DTC is present and/or some of the vehicle's emission monitors have
not run their diagnostic testing.
12. RED LED - Indicates there is a problem in one or more of the
vehicle's systems. The red LED is also used to show that DTC(s)
are present. DTCs are shown on the Code Reader’s LCD display. In
this case, the Multifunction Indicator (“Check Engine”) lamp on the
vehicle's instrument panel will light steady on.
13. LCD Display - Displays test results, Code Reader functions and Monitor status information. See DISPLAY FUNCTIONS, below, for details.
14. CABLE - Connects the Code Reader to the vehicle's Data Link
Connector (DLC).
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
2
1
3
4
5
10
11
6
12
7
8
9
13
Figure 2. Display Functions
4
About the Code Reader
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
See Figure 2 for the locations of items 1 through 14, below.
1. I/M MONITOR STATUS field - Identifies the I/M Monitor status area.
2. Monitor icons - Indicate which Monitors are supported by the
vehicle under test, and whether or not the associated Monitor has
run its diagnostic testing (Monitor status). When a Monitor icon is
solid green, it indicates that the associated Monitor has completed
its diagnostic testing. When a Monitor icon is flashing red, it
indicates that the vehicle supports the associated Monitor, but the
Monitor has not yet run its diagnostic testing.
3.
Vehicle icon - Indicates whether or not the Code Reader is
being properly powered through the vehicle’s Data Link Connector
(DLC). A visible icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
4.
Link icon - Indicates whether or not the Code Reader is
communicating (linked) with the vehicle’s on-board computer. When
visible, the Code Reader is communicating with the computer. If the
Link icon is not visible, the Code Reader is not communicating with
the computer.
5.
Computer icon - When this icon is visible it indicates that the
Code Reader is linked to a personal computer.
6. DTC Display Area - Displays the Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
number.
7. Code Number Sequence - The Code Reader assigns a sequence
number to each DTC that is present in the computer’s memory,
starting with “1.” This number indicates which code is currently
displayed. Code number “1” is always the highest priority code, and
the one for which “Freeze Frame” data has been stored.
If “1” is a “Pending” code, there may or may not be “Freeze
Frame” data stored in memory.
8. Code Enumerator - Indicates the total number of codes retrieved
from the vehicle’s computer.
9. Test Data Display Area - Displays DTC definitions, Freeze Frame
data and other pertinent test information messages.
10. SYSTEM icon - Indicates the system with which the code is
associated:
MIL icon
ABS icon
11. FREEZE FRAME icon - Indicates that there is Freeze Frame data
from “Priority Code” (Code #1) stored in the vehicle’s computer
memory.
12. Code type - Indicates the type of code being displayed; Generic
Stored, Generic Pending, Generic permanent, etc.
13. Severity - Indicates the level of severity for the priority code (code
number “1”), as follows:
5
About the Code Reader
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS - INITIAL ADJUSTMENTS
1 - Service should be scheduled and repairs made when
convenient. This DTC typically has no immediate threat to
essential system components in the short term.
2 - Repair immediately if drivability issues are present. Threat to
essential system components if not repaired as soon as possible.
3 - Stop and repair vehicle immediately to prevent interrelated
failures. Harmful and damaging to essential system components.
INITIAL ADJUSTMENTS
The first time the unit is connected to a vehicle, the Select Language
screen displays. You must select the desired display language (English,
French or Spanish) and unit of measurement (USA or Metric) as follows:
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight the
desired display language.
2. When the desired display language is
selected, press the ENTER
button
to confirm your selection.
„
The Select Unit screen displays.
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight the
desired unit of measurement.
4. When the desired unit of measurement
is selected, press the ENTER
button to confirm your selection.
After the initial language and unit of measurement selections
are performed, these, as well as other settings, can be
changed as desired. Proceed to ADJUSTMENTS, SETTINGS
AND LANGUAGE on page 57 for further instructions.
6
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 TERMINOLOGY
OBD2 TERMINOLOGY
The following terms and their definitions are related to OBD2 systems.
Read and reference this list as needed to aid in the understanding of
OBD2 systems.
„
Powertrain Control Module (PCM) - The PCM is the OBD2
accepted term for the vehicle’s “on-board computer.” In addition to
controlling the engine management and emissions systems, the
PCM also participates in controlling the powertrain (transmission)
operation. Most PCMs also have the ability to communicate with
other computers on the vehicle (ABS, ride control, body, etc.).
„
Monitor - Monitors are “diagnostic routines” programmed into the
PCM. The PCM utilizes these programs to run diagnostic tests, and
to monitor operation of the vehicle’s emissions-related components
or systems to ensure they are operating correctly and within the
vehicle’s manufacturer specifications. Currently, up to fifteen
Monitors are used in OBD2 systems. Additional Monitors will be
added as the OBD2 system is further developed.
Not all vehicles support all fifteen Monitors.
„
Enabling Criteria - Each Monitor is designed to test and monitor the
operation of a specific part of the vehicle’s emissions system (EGR
system, oxygen sensor, catalytic converter, etc.). A specific set of
“conditions” or “driving procedures” must be met before the computer
can command a Monitor to run tests on its related system. These
“conditions” are known as “Enabling Criteria.” The requirements and
procedures vary for each Monitor. Some Monitors only require the
ignition key to be turned “On” for them to run and complete their
diagnostic testing. Others may require a set of complex procedures,
such as, starting the vehicle when cold, bringing it to operating
temperature, and driving the vehicle under specific conditions before
the Monitor can run and complete its diagnostic testing.
„
Monitor Has/Has Not Run - The terms “Monitor has run” or
“Monitor has not run” are used throughout this manual. “Monitor
has run,” means the PCM has commanded a particular Monitor to
perform the required diagnostic testing on a system to ensure the
system is operating correctly (within factory specifications). The term
“Monitor has not run” means the PCM has not yet commanded a
particular Monitor to perform diagnostic testing on its associated part
of the emissions system.
„
Trip - A Trip for a particular Monitor requires that the vehicle is
being driven in such a way that all the required “Enabling Criteria”
for the Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic testing are met.
The “Trip Drive Cycle” for a particular Monitor begins when the
ignition key is turned “On.” It is successfully completed when all the
“Enabling Criteria” for the Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic
testing are met by the time the ignition key is turned “Off.” Since
each of the fifteen monitors is designed to run diagnostics and
testing on a different part of the engine or emissions system, the
“Trip Drive Cycle” needed for each individual Monitor to run and
complete varies.
7
Onboard Diagnostics
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
„
OBD2 Drive Cycle - An OBD2 Drive Cycle is an extended set of driving
procedures that takes into consideration the various types of driving
conditions encountered in real life. These conditions may include
starting the vehicle when it is cold, driving the vehicle at a steady speed
(cruising), accelerating, etc. An OBD2 Drive Cycle begins when the
ignition key is turned “On” (when cold) and ends when the vehicle has
been driven in such a way as to have all the “Enabling Criteria” met for
all its applicable Monitors. Only those trips that provide the Enabling
Criteria for all Monitors applicable to the vehicle to run and complete
their individual diagnostic tests qualify as an OBD2 Drive Cycle. OBD2
Drive Cycle requirements vary from one model of vehicle to another.
Vehicle manufacturers set these procedures. Consult your vehicle’s
service manual for OBD2 Drive Cycle procedures.
Do not confuse a “Trip” Drive Cycle with an OBD2 Drive Cycle.
A “Trip” Drive Cycle provides the “Enabling Criteria” for one
specific Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic testing. An
OBD2 Drive Cycle must meet the “Enabling Criteria” for all
Monitors on a particular vehicle to run and complete their
diagnostic testing.
„
Warm-up Cycle - Vehicle operation after an engine off period where
engine temperature rises at least 40°F (22°C) from its temperature
before starting, and reaches at least 160°F (70°C). The PCM uses
warm-up cycles as a counter to automatically erase a specific code
and related data from its memory. When no faults related to the
original problem are detected within a specified number of warm-up
cycles, the code is erased automatically.
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) are
Diagnostic Trouble
meant to guide you to the proper
service procedure in the vehicle’s
Codes (DTCs) are
service manual. DO NOT replace parts
codes that identify a
based only on DTCs without first
specific problem area.
consulting the vehicle’s service manual
for proper testing procedures for that
particular system, circuit or component.
DTCs are alphanumeric codes that are used to identify a
problem that is present in any of the systems that are
monitored by the on-board computer (PCM). Each trouble
code has an assigned message that identifies the circuit,
component or system area where the problem was found.
OBD2 diagnostic trouble codes are made up of five characters:
„
The 1st character is a letter (B, C, P or U). It identifies the “main system” where the fault occurred (Body, Chassis, Powertrain, or Network).
„
The 2nd character is a numeric digit (0 thru 3). It identifies the
“type” of code (Generic or Manufacturer-Specific).
Generic DTCs are codes that are used by all vehicle manufacturers. The standards for generic DTCs, as well as their
definitions, are set by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
8
Onboard Diagnostics
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Manufacturer-Specific DTCs are codes that are controlled by
the vehicle manufacturers. The Federal Government does not
require vehicle manufacturers to go beyond the standardized
generic DTCs in order to comply with the new OBD2 emissions
standards. However, manufacturers are free to expand beyond
the standardized codes to make their systems easier to
diagnose.
„
The 3rd character is a letter or a numeric digit (0 thru 9, A thru F).
It identifies the specific system or sub-system where the problem is
located.
„
The 4th and 5th characters are letters or numeric digits (0 thru 9, A
thru F). They identify the section of the system that is malfunctioning.
OBD2 DTC EXAMPLE
P0201 - Injector Circuit Malfunction, Cylinder 1
B
C
P
U
-
Body
Chassis
Powertrain
Network
P0201
0 - Generic
1 - Manufacturer Specific
2 - Generic ("P" Codes) and Manufacturer
Specific ("B", "C" and "U" Codes)
3 - Includes both Generic and Manufacturer
Specific Codes
Identifies the system where the problem is
located. "P" Code systems are listed below.
"B", "C" and "U" Code systems will vary.
0 - Fuel and Air Metering; Auxiliary Emission
Controls
1 - Fuel and Air Metering
2 - Fuel and Air Metering (injector circuit
malfunction only)
3 - Ignition System or Misfire
4 - Auxiliary Emission Control System
5 - Vehicle Speed Control and Idle Control
System
6 - Computer Output Circuits
7 - Transmission
8 - Transmission
9 - Transmission
A - Hybrid Propulsion
B - Hybrid Propulsion
C - Hybrid Propulsion
Identifies what section of the system
is malfunctioning
9
Onboard Diagnostics
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
DTCs and MIL Status
When the vehicle’s on-board computer detects
a failure in an emissions-related component or
system, the computer’s internal diagnostic
program assigns a diagnostic trouble code
(DTC) that points to the system (and subsystem)
where the fault was found. The diagnostic
program saves the code in the computer’s
memory. It records a “Freeze Frame” of conditions present when the fault was found, and lights the Malfunction
Indicator Lamp (MIL). Some faults require detection for two trips in a row
before the MIL is turned on.
The “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” (MIL) is the accepted term
used to describe the lamp on the dashboard that lights to warn
the driver that an emissions-related fault has been found.
Some manufacturers may still call this lamp a “Check Engine”
or “Service Engine Soon” light.
There are two types of DTCs used for emissions-related faults: Type “A”
and Type “B.” Type “A” codes are “One-Trip” codes; Type “B” DTCs are
usually Two-Trip DTCs.
When a Type “A” DTC is found on the First Trip, the following events
take place:
„
The computer commands the MIL “On” when the failure is first found.
„
If the failure causes a severe misfire that may cause damage to the
catalytic converter, the MIL “flashes” once per second. The MIL
continues to flash as long as the condition exists. If the condition
that caused the MIL to flash is no longer present, the MIL will light
“steady” On.
„
A DTC is saved in the computer’s memory for later retrieval.
„
A “Freeze Frame” of the conditions present in the engine or emissions
system when the MIL was ordered “On” is saved in the computer’s
memory for later retrieval. This information shows fuel system status
(closed loop or open loop), engine load, coolant temperature, fuel trim
value, MAP vacuum, engine RPM and DTC priority.
When a Type “B” DTC is found on the First Trip, the following events
take place:
„
The computer sets a Pending DTC, but the MIL is not ordered “On.”
“Freeze Frame” data may or may not be saved at this time
depending on manufacturer. The Pending DTC is saved in the
computer’s memory for later retrieval.
„
If the failure is found on the second consecutive trip, the MIL is
ordered “On.” “Freeze Frame” data is saved in the computer’s
memory.
„
If the failure is not found on the second Trip, the Pending DTC is
erased from the computer’s memory.
The MIL will stay lit for both Type “A” and Type “B” codes until one of
the following conditions occurs:
10
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
„
If the conditions that caused the MIL to light are no longer present
for the next three trips in a row, the computer automatically turns the
MIL “Off” if no other emissions-related faults are present. However,
the DTCs remain in the computer’s memory as a history code for 40
warm-up cycles (80 warm-up cycles for fuel and misfire faults). The
DTCs are automatically erased if the fault that caused them to be
set is not detected again during that period.
„
Misfire and fuel system faults require three trips with “similar
conditions” before the MIL is turned “Off.” These are trips where the
engine load, RPM and temperature are similar to the conditions
present when the fault was first found.
After the MIL has been turned off, DTCs and Freeze Frame
data stay in the computer’s memory.
„
Erasing the DTCs from the computer’s memory can also turn off the
MIL. See ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) on
page 33, before erasing codes from the computer’s memory. If a
Diagnostic Tool or Code Reader is used to erase the codes, Freeze
Frame data will also be erased.
OBD2 MONITORS
Currently, fifteen Monitors are supported by OBD2 systems. Additional
monitors may be added as a result of Government regulations as the
OBD2 system grows and matures. Not all vehicles support all fifteen
Monitors. Additionally, some Monitors are supported by “spark ignition”
vehicles only, while others are supported by “compression ignition”
vehicles only.
Monitor operation is either “Continuous” or “Non-Continuous,”
depending on the specific monitor.
Continuous Monitors
Three of these Monitors are designed to constantly monitor their
associated components and/or systems for proper operation.
Continuous Monitors run constantly when the engine is running. The
Continuous Monitors are:
Comprehensive Component Monitor (CCM)
Misfire Monitor
Fuel System Monitor
Non-Continuous Monitors
The other twelve Monitors are “non-continuous” Monitors. “Noncontinuous” Monitors perform and complete their testing once per trip.
The “non-continuous” Monitors are:
Oxygen Sensor Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
Catalyst Monitor
11
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
Heated Catalyst Monitor
EGR System Monitor
EVAP System Monitor
Secondary Air System Monitor
The following Monitors will be standard beginning in 2010. The
majority of vehicles produced before this time will not support
these Monitors
NMHC Monitor
NOx Adsorber Monitor
Boost Pressure System Monitor
Exhaust Gas Sensor Monitor
PM Filter Monitor
OBD2 Reference Table
The table below lists current OBD2 Monitors, and indicates the following
for each Monitor:
12
A.
Monitor Type (how often does the Monitor run; Continuous or
Once per trip)
B.
Number of trips needed, with a fault present, to set a pending DTC
C.
Number of consecutive trips needed, with a fault present, to
command the MIL “On” and store a DTC
D.
Number of trips needed, with no faults present, to erase a Pending
DTC
E.
Number and type of trips or drive cycles needed, with no faults
present, to turn off the MIL
F.
Number of warm-up periods needed to erase the DTC from the
computer’s memory after the MIL is turned off
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
Name of
Monitor
Comprehensive
Component Monitor
A
B
C
D
Continuous
1
2
Misfire Monitor
(Type 1 and 3)
Continuous
Misfire Monitor
(Type 2)
Continuous
Fuel System Monitor
1
2
E
F
1
3
40
1
3 - similar
conditions
80
3 - similar
conditions
80
1
Continuous
1
1 or 2
1
3 - similar
conditions
80
Catalytic Converter
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Oxygen Sensor
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Oxygen Sensor
Heater Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR)
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Evaporative
Emissions Controls
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Secondary Air
System (AIR) Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
NMHC Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
NOx Adsorber
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Boost Pressure
System Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Exhaust Gas Sensor
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
PM Filter Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
13
Preparation for Testing
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
The diagnostic tool aids in monitoring electronic- and emissionsrelated faults in your vehicle and
retrieving fault codes related to
malfunctions in these systems.
Mechanical problems such as
low oil level or damaged hoses,
wiring or electrical connectors can cause poor engine performance and
may also cause a fault code to set. Fix any known mechanical problems
before performing any test. See your vehicle’s service manual or a
mechanic for more information.
Check the following areas before starting any test:
14
„
Check the engine oil, power steering fluid, transmission fluid (if
applicable), engine coolant and other fluids for proper levels. Top off
low fluid levels if needed.
„
Make sure the air filter is clean and in good condition. Make sure all
air filter ducts are properly connected. Check the air filter ducts for
holes, rips or cracks.
„
Make sure all engine belts are in good condition. Check for cracked,
torn, brittle, loose or missing belts.
„
Make sure mechanical linkages to engine sensors (throttle, gearshift
position, transmission, etc.) are secure and properly connected. See
your vehicle’s service manual for locations.
„
Check all rubber hoses (radiator) and steel hoses (vacuum/fuel) for
leaks, cracks, blockage or other damage. Make sure all hoses are
routed and connected properly.
„
Make sure all spark plugs are clean and in good condition. Check
for damaged, loose, disconnected or missing spark plug wires.
„
Make sure the battery terminals are clean and tight. Check for
corrosion or broken connections. Check for proper battery and
charging system voltages.
„
Check all electrical wiring and harnesses for proper connection.
Make sure wire insulation is in good condition, and there are no bare
wires.
„
Make sure the engine is mechanically sound. If needed, perform a
compression check, engine vacuum check, timing check (if applicable), etc.
Using the Code Reader
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions
and flow charts that must be followed to confirm the
location of the problem. This information is found in the
vehicle's service manual. Always refer to the vehicle's
service manual for detailed testing instructions.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing
any test. See Preparation for Testing on page 14
for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. See IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION on page 1
for more information.
1. Turn the ignition off.
2. Locate the vehicle's 16-pin Data Link
Connector (DLC). See page 2 for
connector location.
3. Connect the Code Reader’s cable
connector to the vehicle's DLC. The
cable connector is keyed and will only fit
one way.
„
If you have problems connecting the
cable connector to the DLC, rotate
the connector 180° and try again.
If you still have problems, check the
DLC on the vehicle and on the Code
Reader. Refer to your vehicle's
service manual to properly check
the vehicle's DLC.
„
After the Code Reader’s test connector is properly connected to
the vehicle's DLC, the Vehicle icon
should display to confirm
a good power connection.
4. Turn the ignition on. DO NOT start the
engine.
5. When the Code Reader’s cable
connector is properly connected to the
vehicle’s DLC, The Code Reader will
automatically turn ON.
„
If the unit does not power on automatically when connected to
the vehicle’s DLC connector, it usually indicates there is no
power present at the vehicle’s DLC connector. Check your fuse
panel and replace any burned-out fuses.
15
Using the Code Reader
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
If replacing the fuse(s) does not correct the problem, consult your
vehicle’s repair manual to identify the proper computer (PCM)
fuse/circuit, and perform any necessary repairs before proceeding.
6. The Code Reader will automatically start a check of the vehicle’s
computer to determine which type of communication protocol it is using.
When the Code Reader identifies the computer’s communication protocol, a communication link is established. The protocol type used by the
vehicle’s computer is shown on the display.
„
If the Code Reader fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Communication
Error” message shows on the Code
Reader’s display.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2
compliant.
See
VEHICLES
COVERED on page 2 for vehicle
compliance verification information.
- Verify the connection at the DLC, and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then back ON to reset
the computer.
- Press the LINK
„
button to continue.
If the Code Reader cannot link to
the vehicle’s computer after three
attempts, the message “Contact
Technical Support” displays.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
- Turn the ignition off, and disconnect the Code Reader.
- Contact Technical Support for assistance.
7. If the Code Reader can decode the
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) for
the vehicle under test, the Vehicle
Information screen displays.
16
„
If the information shown is correct for the vehicle under test, use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Yes, then press the ENTER
button. Proceed to step 10.
„
If the information shown is not correct for the vehicle under text,
and
or if you wish to manually select the vehicle, use UP
DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight No, then press
the ENTER
button. Proceed to step 8.
„
If the Code Reader cannot decode the Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) for the vehicle under test, the Select Vehicle
screen displays. Proceed to step 8.
Using the Code Reader
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
8. When No is selected from the Vehicle
information screen, the Select Vehicle
screen displays. The Select Vehicle
screen lists the three most recently
tested vehicles.
„
To select a previously tested vehicle,
use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
the desired vehicle, then press the
ENTER
button. Proceed to step 10.
„
To select a new vehicle, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight New Vehicle,
then press the ENTER
button.
Proceed to step 9.
9. When New Vehicle is chosen from the
Select Vehicle screen, the Select Make
screen displays.
„
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to
highlight the desired vehicle make, then press the ENTER
button to continue. If necessary, select Next to view additional
options.
-
The Vehicle Information screen
displays.
„
If the information shown is correct
for the vehicle under test, use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Yes, then
press the ENTER
button.
Proceed to step 10.
„
If the information shown is not correct for the vehicle under text,
or if you wish to reselect the vehicle, use UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight No, then press the
ENTER
button to return to the Select Year screen.
10. After approximately 10~60 seconds, the Code Reader will retrieve
and display any Diagnostic Trouble Codes, Monitor Status and
Freeze Frame Data retrieved from the vehicle’s computer memory.
„
The Code Reader will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No DTC’s or
Freeze Frame data presently stored
in the vehicle’s computer” message
is displayed.
17
Using the Code Reader
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
The Code Reader is capable of retrieving and storing up to 32
codes in memory, for immediate or later viewing.
11. To read the display:
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The I/M Monitor Status icons indicate the type and number of
Monitors the vehicle supports, and provides indications of the
current status of the vehicle’s Monitors. A solid green Monitor
icon indicates the associated Monitor has run and completed its
testing. A blinking red Monitor icon indicates the associated
Monitor has not run and completed its testing.
„
The display shows the number of
the code currently being displayed,
the total number of codes retrieved,
and whether or not the displayed
code commanded the MIL on. If the
code being displayed is a PENDING
code, the PENDING icon is shown.
If the code being displayed is a
PERMANENT code, the PERMANENT icon is shown.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) and related code definition
are shown in the lower section of the display.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing Freeze
Frame Data, a small arrow is shown in the upper/lower right-hand
corner of the Code Reader display area to indicate the presence
of additional information. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to view the additional information.
If a definition for the currently displayed code is not available,
an advisory message shows on the Code Reader’s display.
12. Read and interpret the Diagnostic Trouble Codes using the LCD
display and the green, yellow and red LEDs.
18
„
Green LED - Indicates that all
engine systems are "OK" and
running normally. All monitors on
the vehicle are active and are
performing their diagnostic testing,
and no trouble codes are present. A
zero will show on the Code
Reader’s display, and all Monitor
icons will be solid.
„
Yellow LED - Indicates one of the
following conditions:
Using the Code Reader
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
PENDING CODE PRESENT - If the
yellow LED is lit, it may indicate the
existence of a pending code. Check
the Code Reader’s LCD display for
confirmation. A pending code is
confirmed by the presence of a
numeric code and the word PENDING
on the Code Reader’s LCD display.
MONITOR STATUS - If the Code
Reader’s LCD display shows a zero
(indicating there are no DTCs present
in the vehicle's computer), but the
yellow LED is lit, it indicates a "Monitor
Has Not Run" status. This means that
some of the Monitors on the vehicle
have not yet finished their diagnostic
self-testing.
This
condition
is
confirmed by one or more blinking
Monitor icons on the LCD display. A
blinking Monitor icon means the
Monitor has not yet run and finished
its diagnostic self-testing. All Monitor
icons that are solid have completed
their diagnostic self-testing.
„
Red LED - Indicates there is a
problem with one or more of the
vehicle's systems. The red LED is
also used to show that DTC(s) are
present (displayed on the Code
Reader’s LCD display). In this case,
the Malfunction Indicator (Check
Engine) lamp on the vehicle's
instrument panel will light steady on.
„
DTC’s that start with “P0”, “P2” and some “P3” are considered
Generic (Universal). All Generic DTC definitions are the same
on all OBD2 equipped vehicles. The Code Reader automatically
displays the code definitions (if available) for Generic DTC’s.
„
DTC’s that start with “P1” and some “P3” are Manufacturer
specific codes and their code definitions vary with each vehicle
manufacturer.
13. If more than one DTC was retrieved,
and to view Freeze Frame Data, press
and release the DTC/FF button, as
necessary.
„
Each time the DTC/FF button is
pressed and released, the Code
Reader will scroll and display the
next DTC in sequence until all DTCs
in its memory have displayed. Freeze Frame data (if available)
will display after DTC #1.
19
Using the Code Reader
THE SYSTEM MENU
If more than one malfunction is present that causes more than
one DTC to be set, only the code with the highest priority will
contain Freeze Frame data. The code designated “01” on the
Code Reader display is referred to as the PRIORITY code,
and Freeze Frame data always refers to this code. The priority
code is also the one that has commanded the MIL on.
14. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC/FF
button is pressed, the screen returns to the first retrieved DTCs.
15. Determine engine system(s) condition by viewing the Code
Reader’s display for any retrieved Diagnostic Trouble Codes, code
definitions, Freeze Frame data and Live Data, interpreting the green,
yellow and red LEDs.
„
If DTC’s were retrieved and you are going to perform the repairs
yourself, proceed by consulting the Vehicle’s Service Repair
Manual for testing instructions, testing procedures, and flow
charts related to retrieved code(s).
„
To prolong battery life, the Code Reader automatically shuts “Off”
approximately three minutes after it is disconnected from the vehicle.
The DTCs retrieved, captured Live Data Information, Monitor Status
and Freeze Frame data (if any) will remain in the Code Reader’s
memory, and may be viewed at any time by turning the unit “On”. If
the Code Reader’s batteries are removed, or if the Code Reader is
re-linked to a vehicle to retrieve codes/data, any prior codes/data in
its memory are automatically cleared.
THE SYSTEM MENU
The System Menu provides the ability to retrieve “enhanced” DTCs and
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) DTCs for most Audi, BMW, Chrysler/Jeep,
Ford/Mazda, GM/Isuzu, Hyundai, Kia, Mercedes Benz, Toyota/Lexus and
Volkswagen vehicles. The types of enhanced data available depends on the
vehicle make.
Depending on the vehicle under test, some features and
functions may not be available.
„ To access the System Menu, press the
SYSTEM MENU
button. Use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight the desired
option, then press the ENTER
button to view the selected information.
To view ABS DTCs: Select ABS from the
System Menu. Refer to VIEWING ABS
DTCson page 31 to view ABS DTCs for
your vehicle.
20
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
To view OEM enhanced DTCs: Select
OEM Enhanced from the System Menu.
Refer to VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
on page 21 to view OEM enhanced DTCs
for your vehicle.
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
The “enhanced” mode provides the ability to retrieve OEM enhanced
DTCs from most Chrysler/Jeep, Ford/Mazda, GM/Isuzu, Honda/Acura
and Toyota/Lexus vehicles. The types of enhanced data available
depends on the vehicle make. You can also retrieve Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) DTCs.
To view Enhanced DTCs:
1. With the Code Reader on the Code
Retrieval screen, press and release the
SYSTEM MENU
button.
„
The System Menu displays.
and DOWN
2. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight OEM
Enhanced, then press the ENTER
button.
„
If enhanced communication is not
supported by the vehicle under test,
an advisory message displays. Press
the LINK
button to re-link to the
vehicle’s computer. Enhanced functionality is not available for your vehicle.
Refer to the appropriate paragraph to view enhanced DTCs for your
vehicle:
„
„
„
„
„
Chrysler/Jeep Enhanced DTCs .............page 21
Ford/Mazda Enhanced DTCs ................page 23
GM/Isuzu Enhanced DTCs ....................page 26
Honda/Acura Enhanced DTCs ..............page 28
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced DTCs..............page 29
Chrysler/Jeep Enhanced DTCs
When Chrysler OEM Enhanced is chosen
from the System Menu, the Code Reader
retrieves OEM enhanced DTCs from the
vehicle’s computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays while the Code Reader
retrieves the selected DTCs.
21
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
„
If the Code Reader fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Communication
Error” message shows on the Code
Reader’s display.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2
compliant.
See
VEHICLES
COVERED on page 2 for vehicle
compliance verification information.
- Verify the connection at the DLC, and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then back ON to reset
the computer.
„
- Press the LINK
button to continue.
If the Code Reader cannot link to
the vehicle’s computer after three
attempts, the message “Contact
Technical Support” displays.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu.
- Turn the ignition off, and disconnect the Code Reader.
- Contact Technical Support for assistance.
2. To read the display:
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the
Code Reader is linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
The upper left corner of the display
shows the Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC), the number of the code
currently being displayed and the
total number of codes retrieved, and
the type of code.
The related code definition is shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
If the definition for the currently displayed code is not
available, an advisory message shows on the Code
Reader’s LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS
icons are not displayed
when viewing enhanced
DTCs.
„
„
22
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is
shown in the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code
display area to indicate the presence of additional
and DOWN
buttons, as
information. Use UP
necessary, to view the additional information.
„
The Code Reader will display a code
only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No OEM
Enhanced DTC’s are presently stored
in the vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC/FF button, as
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC/FF
button is pressed, the Code Reader returns to the “Priority” code.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the SYSTEM MENU
and
button to return to the System Menu. Use the UP
DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Global OBD, then
press the ENTER
button to return to the Global OBD2 mode.
Ford/Mazda Enhanced DTCs
Mazda Enhanced DTCs are available for Mazda-branded
Ford vehicles only.
When Ford OEM Enhanced is chosen from
the System Menu, the Ford Enhanced
menu displays. You may view DTCs for
either the “Continuous Memory Test”,
“KOEO (Key On Engine Off) Test” or
“KOER (Key On Engine Running) Test.”
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
button.
option, then press the ENTER
„
If KOER is selected, an advisory
message shows on the Code
Reader’s display.
- Start and warm the engine to
normal operating temperature,
then press the ENTER
button.
Proceed to step 3.
2. If KOEO or Continuous Memory is selected, an “instructional”
message shows on the Code Reader’s display.
23
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
„
Turn the ignition OFF, then back
button.
ON. Press the ENTER
Proceed to step 3.
3. A “One moment please” message
displays while the test is in progress.
„
If the Code Reader fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Communication
Error” message shows on the Code
Reader’s display.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2
compliant.
See
VEHICLES
COVERED on page 2 for vehicle
compliance verification information.
- Verify the connection at the DLC, and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then back ON to reset
the computer.
- Press the LINK
continue.
„
button to
If the Code Reader cannot link to
the vehicle’s computer after three
attempts, the message “Contact
Technical Support” displays.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu.
- Turn the ignition off, and disconnect the Code Reader.
- Contact Technical Support for assistance.
„
If the KOER test was selected, and
the vehicle’s engine is not running,
an advisory message shows on the
Code Reader’s display.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
„
If the KOEO test was selected, and
the vehicle’s engine is running, an
advisory message shows on the
Code Reader’s display.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
4. If the KOER test was selected, an “instructional” message shows on
the Code Reader’s display.
„
24
Turn the steering wheel to the left, then release.
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
„
Press and release the brake pedal.
„
Cycle the
equipped).
„
A “One moment please” message
displays while the test is in progress.
overdrive
switch
(if
5. To read the display:
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the
Code Reader is linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
The upper left corner of the display
shows the Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC), the number of the code
currently being displayed and the
total number of codes retrieved, and
the type of code.
The related code definition is shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
If the definition for the
currently displayed code is
not available, an advisory
message shows on the
diagnostic
tool’s
LCD
display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS
icons are not displayed
when viewing enhanced
DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is
shown in the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code
display area to indicate the presence of additional
information. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to view the additional information.
„
„
„
For additional help with a displayed DTC, use the UP
and
DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Help, then press
button.
the ENTER
„
The Code Reader will display a code
only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “System Pass”
message is displayed. Press any
Hotkey.
6. If more than one code was retrieved
press the DTC/FF button, as necessary,
to display additional codes one at a time.
25
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
7. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC/FF
button is pressed, the Code Reader returns to the “Priority” code.
„ To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 6,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu. Use the UP
and
DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Global OBD, then
press the ENTER
button to return to the Global OBD2 mode.
General Motors/Isuzu Enhanced DTCs
When GM OEM Enhanced is chosen from
the System Menu, the Code Reader
retrieves OEM enhanced DTCs from the
vehicle’s computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays while the Code Reader
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Code Reader fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Communication Error” message shows on the
Code Reader’s display.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2
compliant.
See
VEHICLES
COVERED on page 2 for vehicle
compliance verification information.
- Verify the connection at the DLC,
and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then back ON to reset
the computer.
„
- Press the LINK
button to continue.
If the Code Reader cannot link to
the vehicle’s computer after three
attempts, the message “Contact
Technical Support” displays.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
- Turn the ignition off, and disconnect the Code Reader.
- Contact Technical Support for assistance.
2. To read the display:
„
26
A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
„
„
„
A visible
icon indicates that the
Code Reader is linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
The upper left corner of the display
shows the Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC), the number of the code
currently being displayed and the
total number of codes retrieved,
and the type of code.
The related code definition is shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
If the definition for the currently displayed code is not
available, an advisory message shows on the Code
Reader’s LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS
icons are not displayed
when viewing enhanced
DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is shown
in the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display
area to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to
view the additional information.
„
The Code Reader will display a code
only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No OEM
Enhanced DTC’s are presently stored
in the vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC/FF button, as
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC/FF
button is pressed, the Code Reader returns to the “Priority” code.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the SYSTEM MENU
and
button to return to the System Menu. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Global OBD, then
DOWN
press the ENTER
button to return to the Global OBD2 mode.
27
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
Honda/Acura Enhanced DTCs
When Honda OEM Enhanced is chosen
from the Main Menu, the Code Reader
retrieves OEM enhanced DTCs from the
vehicle’s computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays while the Code Reader
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Code Reader fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Communication Error” message shows on the
Code Reader’s display.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2
compliant.
See
VEHICLES
COVERED on page 2 for vehicle
compliance verification information.
- Verify the connection at the DLC, and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then back ON to reset
the computer.
„
- Press the LINK
button to continue.
If the Code Reader cannot link to
the vehicle’s computer after three
attempts, the message “Contact
Technical Support” displays.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
- Turn the ignition off, and
disconnect the Code Reader.
- Contact Technical Support for assistance.
2. To read the display:
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the
Code Reader is linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
The upper left corner of the display
shows the Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC), the number of the code
currently being displayed and the
total number of codes retrieved, and
the type of code.
The related code definition is shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
„
„
28
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
If the definition for the currently displayed code is not
available, an advisory message shows on the Code
Reader’s LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS
icons are not displayed
when viewing enhanced
DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is
shown in the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code
display area to indicate the presence of additional
information. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to view the additional information.
„
The Code Reader will display a code
only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No OEM
Enhanced DTC’s are presently stored
in the vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC/FF button, as
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC.FF
button is pressed, the diagnostic tool returns to the “Priority” code.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu. Use the UP
and
DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Global OBD, then
press the ENTER
button to return to the Global OBD2 mode.
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced DTCs
When Toyota OEM Enhanced is chosen
from the Main Menu, the Code Reader
retrieves OEM enhanced DTCs from the
vehicle’s computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays, while the Code Reader
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Code Reader fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Communication Error” message shows on the
Code Reader’s display.
29
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING OEM ENHANCED DTCs
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2 compliant. See VEHICLES
COVERED on page 2 for vehicle compliance verification
information.
- Verify the connection at the DLC, and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then back ON to reset
the computer.
- Press the LINK
„
button to continue.
If the Code Reader cannot link to
the vehicle’s computer after three
attempts, the message “Contact
Technical Support” displays.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
- Turn the ignition off, and disconnect the Code Reader.
- Contact Technical Support for assistance.
2. To read the display:
„ A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„ A visible
icon indicates that the Code Reader is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„ The upper left corner of the display
shows the Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC), the number of the code
currently being displayed and the
total number of codes retrieved, and
the type of code.
„ The related code definition is shown
in the lower section of the LCD
display.
If the definition for the currently displayed code is not
available, an advisory message shows on the Code
Reader’s LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS
icons are not displayed
when viewing enhanced
DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is
shown in the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code
display area to indicate the presence of additional
information. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to view the additional information.
30
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING ABS DTCs
„
The Code Reader will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No OEM
Enhanced DTC’s are presently
stored in the vehicle’s computer” is
displayed. Press the SYSTEM
MENU
button to return to the
System Menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC/FF button, as
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC/FF
button is pressed, the Code Reader returns to the “Priority” code.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu. Use the UP
and
DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Global OBD, then
button to return to the Global OBD2 mode.
press the ENTER
VIEWING ABS DTCs
Refer to Vehicle Applications - ABS on page 66 for vehicle
makes covered. For a complete list of vehicle’s covered,
please visit our website.
Reading ABS DTCs
1. When ABS is chosen from the System
Menu, a "One moment please"
message displays while the Code
Reader retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the vehicle does not support ABS
communication, an advisory message
shows on the Code Reader’s display.
Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System Menu.
„
If the Code Reader fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Linking Failed”
message shows on the Code
Reader’s display.
- Verify the connection at the DLC,
and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5
seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer.
- Press the LINK
continue.
button to
31
Using the Code Reader
VIEWING ABS DTCs
„
If the Code Reader cannot link to
the vehicle’s computer after three
attempts, the message “Contact
Technical Support” displays.
- Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
- Turn the ignition off, and disconnect the Code Reader.
- Contact Technical Support for assistance.
2. To read the display:
„
A visible
icon indicates that the diagnostic tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the diagnostic tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
The upper left corner of the display shows the Diagnostic Trouble
Code (DTC), the number of the code currently being displayed and
the total number of codes retrieved, and the type of code.
The related code definition is shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
„
„
If the definition for the currently
displayed code is not available, an
advisory message shows on the
Code Reader’s display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are
not displayed when viewing ABS
DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is shown in
the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area to
indicate the presence of additional information. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to view the
additional information.
„
The Code Reader will display a code
only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a "No ABS DTC’s
are presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer" is displayed. Press the
SYSTEM MENU
button to return
to the System Menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC/FF button, as
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC/FF
button is pressed, the diagnostic tool returns to the “Priority” code.
„
32
To exit the enhanced mode, press the SYSTEM MENU
button. The Code Reader returns to the System Menu.
Using the Code Reader
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
When the Code Reader’s ERASE function is used to erase
the DTCs from the vehicle's on-board computer, "Freeze
Frame" data and manufacturer-specific enhanced data are
also erased. Unlike other codes which can be removed
from the vehicle's control module, PERMANENT codes
cannot. This holds true regardless of the tool being used
or color of the status LED display. PERMANENT codes
will automatically erase when the control module no
longer detects the fault that originally caused the code.
If you plan to take the vehicle to a Service Center for repair, DO NOT
erase the codes from the vehicle's computer. If the codes are erased,
valuable information that might help the technician troubleshoot the
problem will also be erased.
Erase DTCs from the computer's memory as follows:
When DTCs are erased from the vehicle's computer memory, the
I/M Readiness Monitor Status program resets status of all the
Monitors to a not run "flashing" condition. To set all of the Monitors
to a DONE status, an OBD2 Drive Cycle must be performed.
Refer to your vehicle's service manual for information on how to
perform an OBD2 Drive Cycle for the vehicle under test.
1. If not connected already, connect the
Code Reader to the vehicle's DLC. (If
the Code Reader is already connected
and linked to the vehicle's computer,
proceed directly to step 3. If not,
continue to step 2.)
2. Perform the Code Retrieval procedure
as described on page 15.
„ To erase OBD2 DTCs: Wait until
the codes are displayed on the
Code Reader’s LCD and then
proceed to step 3.
„ To erase OEM enhanced or ABS DTCs: Perform the Code
Retrieval procedure for OEM enhanced DTCs as described on
page VIEWING ABS DTCs or for ABS DTCs as described on
page 31. Wait until the codes are displayed on the diagnostic
tool’s LCD and then proceed to step 3.
3. Press and release the ERASE
button. A confirmation message shows
on the display.
„ If you are sure you want to proceed,
and DOWN
use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
YES, then press the ENTER
button to erase DTCs from the
vehicle’s computer.
„ If you do not want to continue with the erase process, use the
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight NO,
UP
then press the ENTER
button to exit the erase mode.
33
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
4. If you chose to erase DTCs, a “One
moment please…” message displays
while the erase function is in progress.
If the vehicle’s engine is running, an
advisory message shows on the
diagnostic tool’s display. Turn the
engine OFF, then turn the ignition
back to ON. DO NOT start the
engine. Press the ENTER
button to continue.
„
If the erase was successful, a
confirmation message shows on the
display. Press the SYSTEM MENU
button to return to the System
Menu.
„
If the erase was not successful, an
advisory message shows on the
display indicating the erase request
was sent to the vehicle’s computer.
Press any Hotkey.
Erasing DTCs does not fix the
problem(s) that caused the code(s)
to be set. If proper repairs to
correct the problem that caused the code(s) to be set are not
made, the code(s) will appear again (and the check engine
light will illuminate) as soon as the vehicle is driven long
enough for its Monitors to complete their testing.
I/M READINESS TESTING
I/M is an Inspection and Maintenance program legislated by the
Government to meet federal clean-air standards.
The program requires that a vehicle be taken periodically to an
Emissions Station for an "Emissions Test" or "Smog Check,” where the
emissions-related components and systems are inspected and tested
for proper operation. Emissions Tests are generally performed once a
year, or once every two years.
On OBD2 systems, the I/M program is enhanced by requiring vehicles
to meet stricter test standards. One of the tests instituted by the Federal
Government is called I/M 240. On I/M 240, the vehicle under test is
driven under different speeds and load conditions on a dynamometer for
240 seconds, while the vehicle's emissions are measured.
Emissions tests vary depending on the geographic or regional
area in which the vehicle is registered. If the vehicle is
registered in a highly urbanized area, the I/M 240 is probably
the type of test required. If the vehicle is registered in a rural
area, the stricter “dynamometer type” test may not be required.
34
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
I/M Readiness Monitors
I/M Readiness shows whether the various emissions-related systems on
the vehicle are operating properly and are ready for Inspection and
Maintenance testing.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) Readiness
Monitor Status Information
I/M Readiness Monitor Status shows which of the vehicle's Monitors
have run and completed their diagnosis and testing, and which ones
have not yet run and completed testing and diagnosis of their
designated sections of the vehicle's emissions system.
„
If a Monitor was able to meet all the conditions required to enable it
to perform the self-diagnosis and testing of its assigned engine
system, it means the monitor "HAS RUN.”
„
If a Monitor has not yet met all the conditions required for it to
perform the self-diagnosis and testing of its assigned engine system;
it means the Monitor "HAS NOT RUN.”
The Monitor Run/Not Run status does not show whether
or not a problem exists in a system. Monitor status only
indicates whether a particular Monitor has or has not run
and performed the self-diagnosis and testing of its
associated system.
Performing I/M Readiness Quick Check
When a vehicle first comes from the factory, all Monitors
indicate a “HAVE RUN” status. This indicates that all Monitors
have run and completed their diagnostic testing. The “HAVE
RUN” status remains in the computer's memory, unless the
Diagnostic Trouble Codes are erased or the vehicle's
computer memory is cleared.
The Code Reader allows you to retrieve Monitor/System Status Information
to help you determine if the vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog
Check). In addition to retrieving Diagnostic Trouble Codes, the Code
Reader also retrieves Monitor Run/Not Run status. This information is very
important since different areas of the state/country have different emissions
laws and regulations concerning Monitor Run/Not Run status.
Before an Emissions Test (Smog Check) can be performed, your
vehicle must meet certain rules, requirements and procedures legislated
by the Federal and state (country) governments where you live.
1. In most areas, one of the requirements that must be met before a
vehicle is allowed to be Emissions Tested (Smog Checked) is that
the vehicle does not have any Diagnostic Trouble Codes present
(with the exception of PENDING Diagnostic Trouble Codes).
2. In addition to the requirement that no Diagnostic Trouble Codes be
present, some areas also require that all the Monitors that a
particular vehicle supports indicate a "Has Run" status condition
before an Emissions Check may be performed.
35
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
3. Other areas may only require that some (but not all) Monitors
indicate a "Has Run" status before an Emissions Test (Smog Check)
may be performed.
Monitors with a "Has Run" status indicate that all the
required conditions they needed to perform diagnosis and
testing of their assigned engine area (system) have been
met, and all diagnostic testing has completed successfully.
Monitors with a "Has Not Run" status have not yet met the
conditions they need to perform diagnosis and testing of
their assigned engine area (system), and have not been
able to perform diagnostic testing on that system.
The green, yellow and red LEDs provide a quick way to help you
determine if a vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
Follow the instructions below to perform the Quick Check.
Perform the CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE as described on page
15, then interpret the LED indications as follows:
Interpreting I/M Readiness Test Results
1. GREEN LED - Indicates that all engine
systems are "OK" and operating
normally (all Monitors supported by the
vehicle have run and performed their
self-diagnostic testing). The vehicle is
ready for an Emissions Test (Smog
Check), and there is a good possibility
that it can be certified.
2. YELLOW LED - Determine from the
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
(page 15) which of the two possible
conditions is causing the yellow LED to
light.
36
„
If a "PENDING" Diagnostic Trouble
Code is causing the yellow LED to
light, it is possible that the vehicle
will be allowed to be tested for
emissions and certified. Currently,
most areas (states / countries) will
allow an Emissions Test (Smog
Check) to be performed if the only
code in the vehicle's computer is a
"PENDING" Diagnostic Trouble
Code.
„
If the illumination of the Yellow LED
is being caused by monitors that
“have not run” their diagnostic
testing, then the issue of the vehicle
being ready for an Emissions Test
(Smog Check) depends on the
emissions regulations and laws of
your local area.
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
- From the code retrieval procedure, determine the status of
each Monitor (a solid Monitor icon shows Monitor "Has Run"
status, a flashing Monitor icon indicates "Has Not Run" status).
Take this information to an emissions professional to
determine (based on your test results) if your vehicle is ready
for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
3. RED LED - Indicates there is a problem
with one or more of the vehicle's systems.
A vehicle displaying a red LED is definitely
not ready for an Emissions Test (Smog
Check). The red LED is also an indication
that there are Diagnostic Trouble Code(s)
present (displayed on the Code Reader's
screen). The Multifunction Indicator
(Check Engine) Lamp on the vehicle's
instrument panel will light steady. The
problem that is causing the red LED to
light must be repaired before an
Emissions Test (Smog Check) can be performed. It is also suggested
that the vehicle be inspected/repaired before driving the vehicle further.
4. Flashing Red and Yellow LEDs – Indicates that a "permanent"
code has been set, and one or more of the vehicle’s monitors has
failed its diagnostic testing. A "permanent" DTC can be cleared only
by the vehicle's computer following successful completion of the
monitor that caused the fault to set.
If the Red LED or flashing RED and YELLOW LEDs were obtained,
there is a definite problem present in the system(s). In these cases,
you have the following options.
„
Repair the vehicle yourself. If you are going to perform the
repairs yourself, proceed by reading the vehicle service manual
and following all its procedures and recommendations.
„
Take the vehicle to a professional to have it serviced. The
problem(s) causing the red LED to light must be repaired before
the vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
On some vehicle models, the computer will store non-emission
related DTCs. These DTCs will not command the MIL on since
they are not emission related. If the Code Reader retrieves one
of these types of codes, the MIL will not be commanded on,
and the Yellow LED on the Code Reader will be illuminated. In
most cases, these types of codes will not prevent the
Emissions Test from being performed.
Using the I/M Readiness Monitor Status to Confirm a Repair
The I/M Readiness Monitor Status function can be used (after repair of a
fault has been performed) to confirm that the repair has been performed
correctly, and/or to check for Monitor Run Status. Use the following
procedure to determine I/M Readiness Monitor Status:
37
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
1. Using retrieved Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and code definitions as a guide, and following manufacturer's repair procedures,
repair the fault or faults as instructed.
2. After the fault or faults have been repaired, connect the Code
Reader to the vehicle's DLC and erase the code or codes from the
vehicle's computer memory.
„
See page 33 for procedures for ERASING DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) from the vehicle's on-board computer.
„
Write the codes down on a piece of paper for reference before
erasing.
3. After the erase procedure is performed, most of the Monitor icons on
the Code Reader’s LCD display will be flashing. Leave the Code
Reader connected to the vehicle, and perform a Trip Drive Cycle for
each "flashing" Monitor:
Misfire, Fuel and Comprehensive Component Monitors run
continuously and their icons will always be on solid, even after
the erase function is performed.
„
Each DTC is associated with a specific Monitor. Consult the
vehicle's service manual to identify the Monitor (or Monitors)
associated with the faults that were repaired. Follow the
manufacturer's procedures to perform a Trip Drive Cycle for the
appropriate Monitors.
„
While observing the Monitor icons on the Code Reader’s LCD
display, perform a Trip Drive Cycle for the appropriate Monitor or
Monitors.
4. When a Monitor's Trip Drive Cycle is performed properly, the
Monitor icon on the Code Reader’s LCD display changes from
"flashing" to "solid,” indicating that the Monitor has run and finished
its diagnostic testing.
38
„
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash is not
lit, and no stored or pending codes associated with that
particular Monitor are present in the vehicle's computer, the
repair was successful.
„
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash lights
and/or a DTC associated with that Monitor is present in the
vehicle's computer, the repair was unsuccessful. Refer to the
vehicle's service manual and recheck repair procedures.
Live Data Mode
VIEWING LIVE DATA
The real time (Live Data) vehicle operating information (values/status)
that the computer supplies to the Code Reader for each sensor,
actuator, switch, etc. is called Parameter Identification (PID) Data.
Each PID (sensor, actuator switch, status, etc.) has a set of operating
characteristics and features (parameters) that serve to identify it. The
Code Reader displays this information for each sensor, actuator, switch
or status that is supported by the vehicle under test.
WARNING: If the vehicle must be driven in order to perform a
troubleshooting procedure, ALWAYS have a second person
help you. One person should drive the vehicle while the other
person observes the Code Reader data. Trying to drive and
operate the Code Reader at the same time is dangerous, and
could cause a serious traffic accident.
VIEWING LIVE DATA
1. While linked to the vehicle, start the
engine, then press and release the LD
button.
2. A “One moment please . . .” message
displays while the Code Reader
establishes communication with the
vehicle.
„
If the Code Reader fails to establish
communication with the vehicle, a
“Communication Error” message is
shown on the Code Reader’s display.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2
compliant.
See
VEHICLES
COVERED on page 2 for vehicle
compliance verification information.
- Verify the connection at the DLC,
and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5
seconds, then back ON to reset
the computer.
- Press the ENTER
continue.
button to
3. Real-time Live Data (PID) information
supported by the vehicle under test
displays.
„
If Live Data is not supported by the
vehicle under test, an advisory
message displays. Press the M
button to return to the Main Menu.
Live Data is not available for your
vehicle.
39
Live Data Mode
VIEWING LIVE DATA
Remember, what you are viewing is "real-time" Live Data. The
values (volts, rpm, temperature, vehicle speed, system status etc)
for the various PIDS displayed may change as the vehicle's
operating conditions change.
4. A vehicle usually supports several PIDs, however, only a limited
amount of PID data can be displayed on the screen at one time. If
additional PID data is available, a small arrow will be shown on the
display. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to
scroll up or down to view all available PID data.
„
If communication with the
lost while viewing Live
Communication Lost"
shows on the Code
display.
vehicle is
Data, a
message
Reader's
5. If you experience vehicle problems,
view and/or compare the Live Data (PID)
information displayed on the Code
Reader to specifications in the vehicle's
repair manual.
40
Additional Functions
SYSTEM TEST MENU
In addition to retrieving Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs), you can use
the Code Reader to perform additional diagnostic tests, to view
diagnostic and vehicle information stored in your vehicle's on-board
computer, and to configure the Code Reader for your particular needs.
Additional tests and related functions are accessed through the Main
Menu. The following functions are available:
„
System Tests – Displays the System
Test menu, which lets your retrieve and
view results for the O2 Sensor Test and
OBD Monitor Test, and lets you initiate
a test of the vehicle’s EVAP system.
„
Vehicle Information – Displays the
Vehicle Info menu, which lets you
retrieve and view reference information
for the vehicle under test.
„
Oil Reset – Lets you reset the Oil Maintenance Light.
„
Battery/Alternator Monitor – Performs a check of the vehicle’s
battery and alternator system to ensure the system is operating
within acceptable limits.
„
Trip Cycle Procedure – Lets you view trip cycle procedures for a
selected vehicle monitor.
„
Firmware Version – Displays the diagnostic tool’s firmware version.
„
Tool Library – Displays the Tool Library menu, which provides
access to OBD1 and OBD2 DTC libraries and to definitions for
Monitor icons and LED indications.
„
Tool Settings – Displays the Tool Settings menu, which lets you
make several adjustments and settings to configure the diagnostic
tool to your particular needs.
The Vehicle Information option is shown only when the Code
Reader is in Global OBD2 mode.
SYSTEM TEST MENU
Additional tests are accessed through the Mode Test menu. The
following functions are available:
„
O2 Sensor Test - Retrieves and displays O2 sensor monitor test
results from your vehicle's on-board computer.
„
OBD Monitor Test - Retrieves and displays test results for
emission-related powertrain components and systems that are not
continuously monitored.
„
EVAP Test - Performs a leak test for
the vehicle's EVAP system.
1. While linked to the vehicle, press the M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
41
Additional Functions
SYSTEM TEST MENU
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight System Tests,
then press the ENTER
button.
„
The System Test menu displays.
If Mode Tests is not shown on
the Main Menu, the Mode
Tests
functions
are
not
available for your vehicle.
O2 Sensor Test
The O2 Sensor Test function lets you retrieve and view O2 sensor
monitor test results for the most recently completed tests from your
vehicle's on-board computer.
Vehicles are equipped with multiple O2 sensors. O2 sensors are
installed both upstream of (before) and downstream of (after) the
exhaust system Catalytic Converters. The name of an O2 sensor
identifies its location in the exhaust system. The name of each O2
sensor is made up of three parts:
O2S XX YY -or- O2S X Y
„
O2S - this is the basic designation for all O2 sensors.
„
X or XX - These characters identify the location of the O2 sensor in
relation to a cylinder bank. An O2 sensor for cylinder bank 1 is
identified by the designation “1” or "B1"; a sensor for cylinder bank 2
is identified as “2” or "B2."
”Bank One” indicates the side of the engine where cylinder
number one is located (V-type engines). Bank Two is opposite
of Bank One.
„
Y or YY - These characters identify the location of the O2 sensor in
relation to the exhaust system catalyst. An O2 sensor located
upstream of the catalyst is identified by the designation “1” or “S1”, a
sensor located downstream of the Catalytic Converter is identified
as “2” or "S2."
For example, O2S12 or O2SB1S2 is the designation for the
downstream O2 sensor for cylinder bank 1.
The Code Reader does not perform O2 sensor tests, but retrieves
results from the most recently performed O2 sensor tests from the
on-board computer's memory. You may retrieve O2 sensor test
results for only one test of one sensor at any given time.
1. From the System Test menu, use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight O2 Sensor Test,
then press the ENTER
button.
2. A "One moment please..." message
displays while the request is sent to the
vehicle's on-board computer.
42
Additional Functions
SYSTEM TEST MENU
„
The Select Sensor screen displays.
The screen shows all O2 sensors
applicable to the vehicle under test.
If O2 sensor test data is not
presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer, an advisory message
shows on the Code Reader’s
display. Press the M button to
return to the Main Menu.
If O2 sensor tests are not
supported by the vehicle under
test, an advisory message shows
on the Code Reader's display.
Press the M button to return to the
Main Menu.
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the O2 sensor
for which you wish to view test results,
button.
then press the ENTER
4. When test results have been retrieved,
data for the selected sensor test will
show on the Code Reader's display.
5. When you have finished viewing the
retrieved test data, use the UP
and
buttons, as necessary, to
DOWN
highlight Back, then press the ENTER
button to return to the Select
Sensor screen.
6. Repeat steps 3 through 5 to view test results for additional sensors.
When you have finished viewing the retrieved test data use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Back on the Select
Sensor screen, then press the ENTER
button to return to the
System Test menu; or, press the M button to return to the Main Menu.
OBD Monitor Test
The OBD Monitor Test function retrieves and displays test results for
emission-related powertrain components and systems that are not
continuously monitored. The tests available are determined by the
vehicle manufacturer.
The Code Reader does not perform the OBD monitor test, but
retrieves results from the most recently performed tests from
the on-board computer’s memory. You may retrieve OBD
monitor test results for only one test at any given time.
1. From the System Test menu, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight OBD Monitor Test, then press
button.
the ENTER
43
Additional Functions
SYSTEM TEST MENU
2. A “One moment please. . .” message
displays while the request is sent to the
vehicle’s on-board computer.
„
The Select Test screen displays.
The screen shows all tests
applicable to the vehicle under test.
Refer to the vehicle’s service repair
manual for information related to
non-continuous tests.
If OBD monitor test data is not
presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer, an advisory message
shows on the Code Reader’s
display. Press the M button to
return to the Main Menu.
If OBD monitor tests are not
supported by the vehicle under test,
an advisory message shows on the
Code Reader's display. Press the M
button to return to the Main Menu.
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight the
desired test, then press the ENTER
button.
4. When test results have been retrieved,
data for the selected test will show on
the Code Reader’s display. The display
shows the following information:
„ Test ID number
„ Module ID number
„ Component ID number
„ Min or Max test limit
Only one test limit, either Min
or Max, is shown for any given
test.
„ Test Value and status
Status is calculated by the Code Reader by comparing the
Test Value against the displayed test limit (either Min or Max).
Status is shown as either Low, High or OK.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to view test results for additional tests. When
you have finished viewing the retrieved test data, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Back on the
button to return to
Select Test screen, then press the ENTER
the System Test menu; or, press the M button to return to the Main
Menu.
44
Additional Functions
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION
EVAP Test
The EVAP Test function lets you initiate a leak test for the vehicle's
EVAP system.
The Code Reader does not perform the leak test, but signals
to vehicle's on-board computer to initiate the test. The vehicle
manufacturer determines the criteria and method for stopping
the test once it has been started. BEFORE using the EVAP
Test function, refer to the vehicle's service repair manual to
determine the procedures necessary to stop the test.
1. From the System Test menu, use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons as
necessary, to highlight EVAP Test, then
press the ENTER
button.
2. A "One moment please..." message
displays while the request is sent to the
vehicle's on-board computer.
Some vehicle manufacturers do not
allow Code Readers or other
external devices to control vehicle
systems. If the EVAP Test is not
supported by the vehicle under test,
an advisory message shows on the
Code Reader's display. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Back, then
button to
press the ENTER
return to the Select Sensor screen.
3. When the EVAP leak test has been
initiated by the vehicle's on-board
computer, a confirmation message
shows on the Code Reader's display.
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Back,
button to
then press the ENTER
return to the System Test menu; or,
press the M button to return to the Main
Menu.
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION
The Code Reader offers three options for retrieving reference
information for the vehicle under test; Vehicle ID, Available Modules
and IPT (In-use Performance Tracking).
Retrieving Vehicle ID Information
The Vehicle ID function is applicable to model year 2000 and
newer OBD2-compliant vehicles.
45
Additional Functions
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION
The Code Reader can retrieve a list of information (provided by the
vehicle manufacturer), unique to the vehicle under test, from the
vehicle's on-board computer. This information may include:
„
The vehicle's VIN number
„
The control module identification number
„
The vehicle's calibration ID(s). These IDs uniquely identify the
software version(s) for the vehicle's control module(s).
„
The Vehicle's Calibration Verification Number(s) (CVNs) required by
ODB2 regulations. CVNs are used to determine if emission-related
calibrations for the vehicle under test have been changed. One or
more CVNs may be returned by the vehicle's computer.
1. While linked to a vehicle, press the M button.
„
The “Main Menu” displays.
and DOWN
2. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Vehicle Information, then press the
ENTER
button.
„ The
Vehicle Information menu
displays.
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Vehicle ID, then press the ENTER
button.
The first time the Vehicle ID
function is used, it may take several
minutes to retrieve the information
from the vehicle's computer.
4. When the retrieval process is completed,
the vehicle ID information is shown on
the Code Reader’s display. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to view the entire list.
5. When you have finished viewing the
retrieved vehicle ID information, press
the M button to exit.
Viewing Available Modules
The Code Reader can retrieve a list of
modules supported by the vehicle under
test.
1. While linked to a vehicle, press the M
button.
„
46
The “Main Menu” displays.
Additional Functions
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Vehicle
Information, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Vehicle Information menu displays.
and DOWN
3. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Available Modules, then press the
ENTER
button.
4. When the retrieval process is completed,
a complete list of modules supported by
the vehicle under test is shown on the
Code Reader’s display. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary,
and DOWN
to view the entire list.
5. When you have finished viewing the list of available modules, press
the M button to exit.
Viewing In-use Performance Tracking (IPT)
The Code Reader can retrieve In-use Performance Tracking (IPT)
statistics for monitors supported by the vehicle under test. Two values
are returned for each monitor; the number of times that all conditions
necessary for a specific monitor to detect a malfunction have been
encountered (XXXCOND), and the number of times that the vehicle has
been operated under the specific conditions for the monitor (XXXCOMP).
Statistics are also provided for the number of times the vehicle has been
operated in OBD monitoring conditions (OBDCOND), and the number of
times the vehicle’s engine has been started (IGNCNTR).
1. While linked to a vehicle, press the M
button.
„
The “Main Menu” displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Vehicle Information, then press the
ENTER
button.
„
The Vehicle
displays.
Information
menu
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight IPT,
then press the ENTER
button.
47
Additional Functions
RESETTING THE OIL MAINTENANCE LIGHT
„
When the retrieval process is
completed, In-use Performance
Tracking statistics for monitors
supported by the vehicle under test
are shown on the Code Reader’s
display. Use the UP
and
DOWN
buttons, as necessary,
to view the entire list.
„
If In-use Performance Tracking is
not available for your vehicle, an
advisory message shows on the
diagnostic tool’s display. Press the
M button to return to the Main Menu.
4. When you have finished viewing the
statistics, press the M button to exit.
RESETTING THE OIL MAINTENANCE LIGHT
Refer to VEHICLE APPLICATIONS – MAKES COVERED on
page 66 for vehicle makes covered.
1. While linked to the vehicle, press the M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Oil Reset,
button.
then press the ENTER
„
The Oil Reset screen displays.
„
If the vehicle under test is equipped
with a navigation system, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Yes, then press
button to continue.
the ENTER
„
If the vehicle under test is now equipped with a navigation
system, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary,
to highlight No, then press the ENTER
button to continue.
If the Code Reader cannot reset
the Oil Maintenance Light, an
“instructional” dialog displays,
showing the manual procedures
for resetting the indicator light.
and DOWN
Use the UP
buttons to view the entire
procedure. When finished, press
the M button to return to the Main
Menu.
48
Additional Functions
BATTERY/ALTERNATOR MONITOR
3. The Reset Oil Maintenance Indicator
screen displays.
„
If you do not wish to proceed with the
reset process, use the UP
and
DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to
highlight No, then press the ENTER
button to return to the System
Menu.
„
If you wish to proceed with the reset
process, use the UP
and
DOWN
buttons, as necessary,
to highlight Yes, then press the
button to continue.
ENTER
4. When the reset process has competed,
a confirmation message shows on the
Code Reader’s display. Press the M
button to return to the Main Menu.
„
If the oil reset was not successful,
an advisory message displays.
„
To perform the oil reset by
procedure, use the use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Yes, then
button. An “instructional” message
press the ENTER
displays, showing the manual procedures for resetting the
indicator light.
„
If you do not wish to perform the oil reset by procedure, use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight No,
then press the ENTER
button to return to the Main Menu.
BATTERY/ALTERNATOR MONITOR
The Code Reader can perform a check of the vehicle’s battery and
alternator system to ensure the system is operating within acceptable
limits. You can perform a battery check only, or an alternator system
(battery and alternator) check.
To perform a battery check ONLY:
1. With the Code Reader on the Code
Retrieval screen, press and release the
M button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
and DOWN
2. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Battery/ Alternator Monitor, then
press the ENTER
button.
49
Additional Functions
BATTERY/ALTERNATOR MONITOR
„
The
Battery/Alternator
Menu displays.
Monitor
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Battery Monitor, then press the
ENTER
button.
„
An “instructional” message shows
on the diagnostic tool’s display,
showing the procedures to prepare
the vehicle for the battery check.
4. Prepare the vehicle for the battery
check:
„
Turn the engine off.
„
Place the transmission in PARK or
NEUTRAL, and set the parking
brake.
„
Make a visual check of the battery’s condition. If the battery
terminals are corroded or other damage is present, clean or
replace the battery as appropriate.
„
For “unsealed” batteries, make sure the water level in each cell
is above the battery plates.
„
Turn the ignition on. DO NOT start
the engine.
5. Press the ENTER
the battery check.
„
button to begin
If the engine is running, an
advisory message shows on
the diagnostic tool’s display.
Turn the engine off, then turn
the ignition on. DO NOT start
the engine. Press the ENTER
button to continue.
An “instructional” message shows
on the diagnostic tool’s display.
6. Turn the vehicle’s headlights on, the
press the ENTER
button to continue.
50
„
A “countdown” message shows on
the diagnostic tool’s display while
the battery check is in process.
„
If battery voltage is less than 12.1
volts, an advisory message shows
on the diagnostic tool’s display.
Press the M button to return to the
Main Menu. Turn the ignition off and
disconnect the diagnostic tool from
the vehicle. Fully charge the battery, then repeat the battery
check.
Additional Functions
BATTERY/ALTERNATOR MONITOR
„
If battery voltage is greater than
12.1
volts,
an
“instructional”
message shows on the diagnostic
tool’s display.
7. Turn the vehicle’s headlights off, then
press the ENTER
button to continue.
„
An “instructional” message shows
on the diagnostic tool’s display.
8. Start the vehicle’s engine. Allow the
engine to run for several seconds, then
turn the engine off. Repeat for a total of
three “start/stop” cycles.
If the If the diagnostic tool did
not detect “cranking status” for
the vehicle’s engine, an
advisory message shows on
the diagnostic tool’s display.
Press the ENTER
button
to repeat the battery check, or,
press the M button to return to
the Main Menu.
9. When the battery check is complete, a
results screen displays the battery
status. The System Status LEDs
provide a PASS/FAIL indication, as
follows:
„
Green = Good
„
Yellow = Normal
„
Red = Warning/Bad
10. Press the M button to return to the Main
Menu.
To perform an alternator system check:
1. With the Code Reader on the Code
Retrieval screen, press and release the
M button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Battery/ Alternator Monitor, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
The Battery/Alternator Monitor Menu
displays.
51
Additional Functions
VIEWING TRIP CYCLE PROCEDURES
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Alternator Monitor, then press the
ENTER
button.
„
An “instructional” message shows
on the diagnostic tool’s display.
4. Start and warm the engine to normal
operating temperature. Turn on the
headlights. Press the ENTER
button
to continue.
„
An “instructional” message shows
on the diagnostic tool’s display.
5. Press the accelerator pedal to raise
engine speed to 2000 RPM, and
maintain the engine speed.
„
When engine speed is within the required range, the alternator
test begins. A progress screen shows the Engine RPM and
“countdown” timer.
„
When the “countdown” timer expires,
an “instructional” message shows
on the diagnostic tool’s display.
6. Turn the vehicle’s headlights off, and
return the engine to idle speed.
„
A “One moment please…” message
displays while the test results are
retrieved.
7. When the alternator check is complete, a
results screen shows charging system
voltage and indicates whether or not the
charging system is within acceptable limits.
The SYSTEM STATUS LEDs provide a
PASS/FAIL indication, as follows:
„
Green = System within limits
„
Yellow = Over charging or under
charging
„
Red = Excessive over charging or
under charging
„
If the alternator voltage is less than 9 V, the red, yellow and
green SYSTEM STATUS LEDs will flash on and off.
8. Press the M button to return to the Main Menu.
VIEWING TRIP CYCLE PROCEDURES
A Trip Cycle for a Monitor requires that the vehicle is driven in such a
way that all the required “Enabling Criteria” for the Monitor to run and
complete its diagnostic testing are met. You can use the Code Reader
to view the Trip Cycle procedures for a selected Monitor.
52
Additional Functions
VIEWING TRIP CYCLE PROCEDURES
1. While linked to a vehicle, press the M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
and DOWN
2. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Trip
Cycle Procedures, then press the
ENTER
button.
„
A “One moment please…” message
displays while the Code Reader
retrieves Monitor status from the
vehicle’s computer.
3. When Monitor status has been retrieved,
the Trip Cycle Procedures menu
displays. Depending on Monitor status,
you can view Trip Cycle procedures for
Monitors Incomplete or Monitors
Complete.
If Trip Cycle Procedures are not
available for the vehicle, an
advisory message shows on the
Code Reader’s display. Use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Back,
then press the ENTER
button
to return to the Main Menu.
4. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Monitors Incomplete or Monitors
Complete, as desired, then press the
ENTER
button.
„
A list of the available Monitors for
the selected status displays.
If no Monitors for the selected
status are detected, an advisory
message shows on the Code
Reader’s display. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Back, then
press the ENTER
button to
return to the Main Menu.
5. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
the Monitor for which you wish to view Trip Cycle Procedures, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
A “One moment please…” message displays while the Code
Reader retrieves the requested Trip Cycle Procedure. The Trip
Cycle Procedures screen for the Monitor displays when the
procedure has been retrieved.
53
Additional Functions
VIEWING THE FIRMWARE VERSION - THE TOOL LIBRARY
If a Trip Cycle Procedure for the
selected Monitor is not available,
an advisory message shows on
the Code Reader’s display. Use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Back, then press the ENTER
button to return to the Main Menu.
6. The Trip Cycle Procedure screen shows
the specific set of operating procedures
that ensure the vehicle is driven in such
a way that all the required “Enabling
Criteria” for the Monitor to run and
complete its diagnostic testing are met.
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to view the
entire screen.
7. When you are finished viewing the Trip Cycle Procedures, press the
button to return to the Trip Cycle Procedures menu, or,
ENTER
press the M button to return to the Main Menu.
VIEWING THE FIRMWARE VERSION
1. While linked to a vehicle, press and
release the M button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Firmware Version in the Main Menu,
then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Firmware Version screen displays.
„
The screen shows the diagnostic
tool’s current firmware version,
bootloader version and database
version.
3. Press the M button to return to the Main
Menu.
THE TOOL LIBRARY
The Tool Library contains valuable reference information for the Code
Reader. The following functions are available:
54
„
Tool Icons – Shows the full names for the I/M MONITOR STATUS
icons and descriptions of informational icons shown on the
diagnostic tool’s display.
„
DTC Library – Provides access to a library of OBD2 DTC definitions.
Additional Functions
THE TOOL LIBRARY
„
LED
Definitions
–
Provides
descriptions of the meaning of the Code
Reader SYSTEM STATUS LEDs.
1.
While linked to the vehicle, press the M
button.
„
2.
The Main Menu displays.
and DOWN
Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Tool
Library, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Tool Library menu displays.
Viewing Tool Icon Descriptions
The I/M MONITOR STATUS icons on the
Code Reader’s LCD display provide an
indication of the “Completed / Not
Complete” status for all I/M Monitors
supported by the vehicle under test. The
Tool Icons function displays the full name
for each Monitor icon, as well as
descriptions of the meanings of other
informational icons shown on the diagnostic
tool’s display.
1. From the Tool Library menu, use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Tool Icons, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
The Tool Icons screen displays.
„
The screen shows a list of the 15 Monitor icons, along with the
full name for each icon, as well as descriptions of the meanings
of other informational icons shown on the diagnostic tool’s
display. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary,
to scroll the list.
2. When you have finished viewing the tool icon descriptions, press the
M button to return to the Main Menu.
Using the DTC Library
1. From the Tool Library menu, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight DTC Library, then
press the ENTER
button.
55
Additional Functions
THE TOOL LIBRARY
„
The Select Library screen displays.
and DOWN
buttons,
2. Use the UP
as necessary, to highlight OBD2 Library,
button.
then press the ENTER
„ The Select Manufacturer screen
displays.
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
vehicle manufacturer, then press the
DTC button.
„ The Enter DTC screen displays.
The screen shows the code
“P0001,” with the “P” highlighted.
4. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to scroll to the desired
DTC type (P=Powertrain, U=Network,
B=Body, C=Chassis), then press the
DTC button.
„ The selected character displays solid,
and the next character is highlighted.
5. Select the remaining digits in the DTC
in the same way, pressing the DTC
button to confirm each digit. When you
have selected all the DTC digits, press
the ENTER
button to continue.
6. When you have finished viewing the DTC
definition, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Back, then press the ENTER
button to return to the Enter DTC
screen and enter additional DTCs; or, press the M button to return to the
Main Menu.
If a definition for the DTC you
entered is not available, an advisory
message shows on the diagnostic
tool’s display. Use the UP
and
buttons, as necessary,
DOWN
to highlight Back, then press the
ENTER
button to return to the
Enter DTC screen and enter
additional DTCs; or, press the M
button to return to the Main Menu.
Viewing LED Definitions
The SYSTEM STATUS LEDs on the Code Reader provide a visual
indication of the I/M Readiness status of the vehicle under test. The
LED Definitions function provides a description of the meanings of the
green, yellow and red SYSTEM STATUS LEDs.
56
Additional Functions
ADJUSTMENTS, SETTINGS AND LANGUAGE
1. From the Tool Library menu, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight LED Definitions,
then press the ENTER
button.
„
The LED Definitions screen displays.
„
The screen provides a description of
the meanings of the green, yellow
and red SYSTEM STATUS LEDs.
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to scroll the
display.
2. When you have finished viewing the
LED meanings, press the M button to
return to the Main Menu.
ADJUSTMENTS, SETTINGS AND LANGUAGE
You can access the Adjustments and Settings MENU while the Code
Reader is in “Live Data” mode. The Code Reader lets you make several
adjustments and settings to configure the Code Reader for your particular
needs. The following adjustments and settings are available:
„
Adjust Brightness: Adjusts the brightness of the display screen.
„
Audible Tone: Turns the Code Reader’s audible tone “on” and “off.”
When turned “on,” a tone sounds each time a button is pressed.
„
Footer: Turns the navigational “footers” at the bottom of most
display screens “on” and “off.”
„
Hotkey Legend: Shows functional descriptions for the diagnostic
tool’s hotkeys.
„
Language Selection: Sets the display language for the Code
Reader to English, French or Spanish.
„
Unit of Measurement: Sets the Unit of Measurement for the Code
Reader’s display to USA or Metric.
To enter the Tool Settings Menu:
1. While linked to the vehicle, press and
release the M button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight Tool
Settings, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Tool Settings menu displays.
3. Make adjustments and settings as
described in the following paragraphs.
57
Additional Functions
ADJUSTMENTS, SETTINGS AND LANGUAGE
Adjusting Display Brightness
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Adjust Brightness in the Menu, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
The Adjust Brightness screen displays.
„
The Adjust Brightness field shows
the current brightness setting, from
1 - 5.
2. Press the UP
button to increase
the brightness of the display (make the
display brighter).
3. Press the DOWN
button to
decrease the brightness of the display
(make the display darker).
4. When the desired brightness is obtained, press the ENTER
button to save your changes and return to the Tool Settings menu.
To exit the Adjust Brightness screen and return to the Tool
Settings menu without making changes, press the M button.
Enabling/Disabling the Audible Tone
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Audible Tone in the Tool Settings
Menu, then press the ENTER
button.
„ The Audible Tone screen displays.
and DOWN
2. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight ON
or OFF as desired.
3. When the desired option is selected,
press the ENTER
button to save
your changes and return to the Tool
Settings menu.
To exit the Audible Tone screen and return to the Tool
Settings menu without making changes, press the M button.
Enabling/Disabling Navigational Footers
Navigational “footers” are shown
at the bottom of most display
screens. They show which hotkey
to press to return to the topmost
menu for the current function.
58
Additional Functions
ADJUSTMENTS, SETTINGS AND LANGUAGE
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Footer in the Tool Settings menu, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
The Footer screen displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
On of Off as desired.
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
3. When the desired option is selected, press the ENTER
save your changes are return to the Tool Settings menu.
button to
To exit the Footer screen and return to the Tool Settings menu
without making changes, press the M button.
Viewing the Hotkey Legend
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Hotkey Legend in the Tool Settings
menu, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Hotkey
displays.
„
The screen shows a functional
description of each of the diagnostic
tool’s hotkeys.
Legends
screen
2. When you have finished viewing the
Hotkey Legend, press the ENTER
button to return to the Tool Settings
menu.
Selecting the Display Language
and DOWN
1. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Language Selection in the Tool Settings
menu, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Language Selection screen displays.
„
The currently selected display language is highlighted.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight the
desired display language.
3. When the desired display language is
highlighted, press the ENTER
button to save your changes and return
to the Tool Settings menu (shown in the
selected display language).
59
Additional Functions
OBD UPDATER
To exit the Language Selection screen and return to the Tool
Settings menu without making changes, press the M button.
Setting the Unit of Measurement
and DOWN
buttons,
1. Use the UP
as necessary, to highlight Unit of
Measurement in the Tool Settings menu,
then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Unit of Measurement screen
displays.
„
The currently selected unit
measurement is highlighted.
of
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight the
desired unit of measurement.
3. When the desired unit of measurement
value is selected, press the ENTER
button to save your changes and return
to the Tool Settings menu.
To exit the Unit of Measurement screen and return to the Tool
Settings menu without making changes, press the M button.
Exiting the Tool Settings Menu
„
Press the M button to return to the Main Menu.
OBD UPDATER
Use these procedures to verify your tool’s firmware is current, and to
perform firmware updates when available.
1. Visit www ZurichDiagnostics.com, download and install the latest
version of OBD Updater.
2. Connect your tool to your PC using a Mini USB cable and run the
OBD Updater software.
3. Follow the on-screen prompts to install the firmware update.
If no update is available, the software displays the message
“No updates available.”
60
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
The following is a list of Generic (Global) PIDs and their descriptions.
Tool
Display
ACC Pedal D
ACC Pedal E
ACC Pedal F
Air Status
Ambient
Aux Input
Status
BARO
Unit
%
%
%
*C /
*F
-
Value
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
UPS, DNS,
OFF
XXX
PID Description
Accelerator Pedal Position D
Accelerator Pedal Position E
Accelerator Pedal Position F
Commanded Secondary Air Status
Ambient Air Temperature
On / Off
Auxiliary Input Status
kPa
/inHg
%
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
%
XXX /
XX.X
XXX.X
XXXX.X
Barometric Pressure
XXX.X
Calculated LOAD Value
Catalyst Temperature Bank 1Sensor 1
Catalyst Temperature Bank 1Sensor 2
Catalyst Temperature Bank 2Sensor 1
Catalyst Temperature Bank 2Sensor 2
Commanded EGR
%
XXX.X
Commanded Evaporative Purge
%
XXX.X
Commanded Throttle Actuator
XXXXX
Distance since DTC Cleared
XXXXX
Distance Traveled while MIL ON
ECU Volts
EGR Error
Eng RPM
EQ Ratio
EQ Ratio 11
km
/mile
km
/mile
s
*C /
*F
V
%
min
-
EQ Ratio 12
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 13
-
X.XXX
Calc LOAD
CAT Temp 11
CAT Temp 12
CAT Temp 21
CAT Temp 22
Command
EGR
Command
EVAP
Command
TAC
Dist DTC Clr
Dist MIL ON
ECT
XXXX.X
XXXX.X
XXXX.X
XXX / XXX
XX.XXX
XXX.X
XXXXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Engine Coolant Temp
Control Module Voltage
EGR Error
Engine RPM
Commanded Equivalence Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 Equivalence
Ratio
61
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
EQ Ratio 14
Unit
-
Value
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 21
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 22
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 23
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 24
-
X.XXX
EVAP Press
Pa
/in
H2O
kPa
/PSI
%
kPa
/PSI
kPa
/PSI
*C /
*F
%
%
%
%
%
g/s ;l
b/min
kPa
/PSI
hrs,
min
-
XXXX.XX
/XX.XXX
FP / Vac
Fuel Level
Fuel Press
Fuel Press
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
IAT
LOAD Value
LTFT B1
LTFT B2
LTFT B3
LTFT B4
MAF
MAP
MIL On Time
Monitor Status
O2S B1 S1
62
V
XXXX.XXX
/XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX /
XX.X
XXXXX
/XXXX.X
OL
CL
OL-Drive
OL-Fault
CL-Fault
OL
CL
OL-Drive
OL-Fault
CL-Fault
XXX / XXX
PID Description
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 Equivalence
Ratio
Evap System Vapor Pressure
Fuel Rail Pressure relative
toVacuum
Fuel Level Input
Fuel Rail Pressure
Fuel Rail Pressure
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Intake Air Temperature
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.XX
/XXXX.X
XXX /
XX.X
XXXX, XX
Absolute Load Value
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 1
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 2
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 3
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 4
Air Flow Rate from Mass Air Flow
Sensor
Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure
ICONS on
Display
X.XXX
Monitor Status this Driving Cycle
Engine Run Time while MIL ON
Bank 1 - Sensor 1
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
O2S B1 S1
mA
O2S B1 S1 V
O2S B1 S2
O2S B1 S2
mA
O2S B1 S2 V
O2S B1 S3
O2S B1 S3
mA
O2S B1 S3 V
O2S B1 S4
O2S B1 S4
mA
O2S B1 S4 V
O2S B2 S1
O2S B2 S1
mA
O2S B2 S1 V
O2S B2 S2
O2S B2 S2
mA
O2S B2 S2 V
O2S B2 S3
O2S B2 S3
mA
O2S B2 S3 V
O2S B2 S4
O2S B2 S4
mA
O2S B2 S4 V
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
Unit
mA
Value
X.XXX
PID Description
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 2
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 3
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 4
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 1
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 3
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 4
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 O2S Current
V
-
X.XXX
O2S11
O2S12
O2S13
O2S14
O2S21
O2S22
O2S23
O2S24
O2S11
O2S12
O2S21
O2S22
O2S31
O2S32
O2S41
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 O2S Voltage
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 3
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 4
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 3
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 4
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 3, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 3, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 4, Sensor 1
63
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
O2S Location
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
Unit
-
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
Value
O2S42
OBD2
OBD
OBD and
OBD2
OBD1
No OBD
EOBD
EOBD and
OBD2
EOBD and
OBD
EOBD,
OBD and
OBD2
JOBD
JOBD and
OBD2
JOBD and
EOBD
JOBD,
EOBD and
OBD2
On / Off
XXX.X
XX
PID Description
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 4, Sensor 2
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
PTO Status
Rel TPS
Spark Adv
%
deg
STFT B1
STFT B1 S1
STFT B1 S2
STFT B1 S3
STFT B1 S4
STFT B2
STFT B2 S1
STFT B2 S2
STFT B2 S3
STFT B2 S4
STFT B3
STFT B4
Time DTC Clr
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
hrs,
min
sec
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXXX, XX
XXXX
Time Since Engine Start
%
%
%
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
Absolute Throttle Position
Absolute Throttle Position B
Absolute Throttle Position C
Time Since
Start
TPS
TPS B
TPS C
64
Power Take Off Status
Relative Throttle Position
Ignition Timing Advance #1
Cylinder
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 1
Bank 1 - Sensor 1
Bank 1 - Sensor 2
Bank 1 - Sensor 3
Bank 1 - Sensor 4
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 1
Bank 2 - Sensor 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 3
Bank 2 - Sensor 4
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 3
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 4
Time since DTC Cleared
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
Veh Speed
Warm-up DTC
Clr
Unit
km/h
/
mph
-
Value
XXX / XXX
XXX
PID Description
Vehicle Speed Sensor
# Warm-ups since DTC Cleared
65
Vehicle Applications - ABS
VEHICLE APPLICATIONS – MAKES COVERED
The code reader has the ability to retrieve and erase ABS codes.
Vehicle Makes supported by the code reader are shown below.
AM GENERAL
BUICK
CADILLAC
CHEVROLET
CHRYSLER
DODGE
FORD
GENERAL MOTORS
GEO
GMC
HUMMER
66
Domestic Vehicles
JEEP
LINCOLN
MERCURY
OLDSMOBILE
PLYMOUTH
PONTIAC
RAM
SAAB
SATURN
SRT
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
INTRODUCTION
This Glossary contains definitions for abbreviations and terms you may
find in this manual or in your vehicle service manual.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
CARB – California Air Resources Board
CCM – Central Control Module
Computer Control System – An electronic control system, consisting
of an on-board computer and related sensors, switches and actuators,
used to ensure peak performance and fuel efficiency while reducing
pollutants in the vehicle’s emissions.
DIY – Do-It-Yourself
DLC – Data Link Connector
Drive Cycle – An extended set of driving procedures that takes into
consideration the various types of driving conditions encountered in real
life.
Driving Condition – A specific environmental or operation condition
under which a vehicle is operated; such as starting the vehicle when
cold, driving at steady speed (cruising), accelerating, etc.
DTC(s) – Diagnostic Trouble Code(s)
EGR – Exhaust Gas Recirculation
System Status – An indication of whether or not a vehicle’s emissionsrelated system are operating properly and are ready for Inspection and
Maintenance testing.
EPA – Environmental Protection Agency
EVAP – Evaporative Emissions System
Fault Code – See DTCs
Freeze Frame – A digital representation of engine and/or emissions
system conditions present when a fault code was recorded.
FTP – Fuel Tank Pressure
Generic Code – A DTC that applies to all OBD2 compliant vehicles.
I/M Test / Emissions Test / Smog Check – A functional test of a
vehicle to determine if tailpipe emissions are within Federal/State/Local
requirements.
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
LED – Light Emitting Diode
LTFT – Long Term Fuel Trim, is a program in the vehicle’s computer
designed to add or subtract fuel from the vehicle to compensate for
operating conditions that vary from the ideal A/F ratio (long term).
67
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Manufacturer Specific Code – A DTC that applies only to OBD2
compliant vehicles made by a specific manufacturer.
MIL – Malfunction Indicator Lamp (also referred to as “Check Engine”
light
OBD1 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 1 (also referred to as “OBD I”)
OBD2 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 2 (also referred to as “OBD II”)
On-Board Computer – The central processing unit in the vehicle’s
computer control system.
PCM – Powertrain Control Module
Pending Code – A code recorded on the “first trip” for a “two-trip” code.
If the fault that caused the code to be set is not detected on the second
trip, the code is automatically erased.
STFT – Short Term Fuel Trim, is a program in the vehicle’s computer
designed to add or subtract fuel from the vehicle to compensate for
operating conditions that vary from the ideal A/F ratio. The vehicle uses
this program to make minor fuel adjustments (fine tune) on a short-term
basis.
Trip Drive Cycle – Vehicle operation that provides the necessary
driving condition to enable a vehicle Monitor to run and complete its
diagnostic testing.
VECI – Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal
TROUBLESHOOTING
Q:
Why can I not erase some codes?
A:
Unlike other codes which can be removed from the vehicle’s
control module, PERMANENT codes cannot. This holds true
regardless of the tool being used or color of the status LED display.
PERMANENT codes will automatically erase when the control
module no longer detects the fault that originally caused the code.
68
Warranty and Servicing
LIMITED 90 DAY WARRANTY
Harbor Freight Tools Co. makes every effort to assure that its products
meet high quality and durability standards, and warrants to the original
purchaser that this product is free from defects in materials and
workmanship for the period of 90 days from the date of purchase. This
warranty does not apply to damage due directly or indirectly, to misuse,
abuse, negligence or accidents, repairs or alterations outside our
facilities, criminal activity, improper installation, normal wear and tear, or
to lack of maintenance. We shall in no event be liable for death, injuries
to persons or property, or for incidental, contingent, special or
consequential damages arising from the use of our product. Some
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages, so the above limitation of exclusion may not
apply to you. THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
To take advantage of this warranty, the product or part must be returned
to us with transportation charges prepaid. Proof of purchase date and
an explanation of the complaint must accompany the merchandise. If
our inspection verifies the defect, we will either repair or replace the
product at our election or we may elect to refund the purchase price if
we cannot readily and quickly provide you with a replacement. We will
return repaired products at our expense, but if we determine there is no
defect, or that the defect resulted from causes not within the scope of
our warranty, then you must bear the cost of returning the product.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state.
SERVICE PROCEDURES
If you have any questions, require product use or general information
please contact:
Harbor Freight Technical Support – 888-866-5797
Web: www.zurichdiagnostics.com
69
63809
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