Brigade BS-8000 (4530) Radar Obstacle Detection User Manual

Brigade BS-8000 (4530) Radar Obstacle Detection User Manual
BS-8000
BS-7030, BS-7045, BS-7060
Backsense®
Radar Object Detection Systems
Installation & Operation Guide
Installation Guide 4555A
Table of Contents
1
Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 3
1.1 Detection Ranges ....................................................................................................... 3
1.2 Object Detection Capability ........................................................................................ 3
1.2.1 Detection Pattern .............................................................................................. 4
1.2.2 Factors Influencing the Detection of Objects .................................................... 5
2
Contents............................................................................................................................... 6
3
Hardware Installation ........................................................................................................... 7
3.1 System Connectivity ................................................................................................... 7
3.2 Installation Site ........................................................................................................... 8
3.3 Electrical Connections ................................................................................................ 8
3.4 Sensor Mounting and Location .................................................................................. 8
3.4.1 Sensor Direction ............................................................................................... 9
3.4.2 Sensor Fixing .................................................................................................... 9
3.4.3 Vehicle Overhang into Detection Area ............................................................. 9
3.4.4 Mounting Angle ................................................................................................. 9
3.4.5 Offset to Vehicle Centre Line Mounting ............................................................ 9
3.5 Cable ........................................................................................................................ 10
3.6 Display...................................................................................................................... 10
3.7 Initial System Power Up and Test ............................................................................ 11
3.8 Error States .............................................................................................................. 12
4
Configurable System Model BS-8000 ................................................................................ 13
4.1 PC System Requirements ........................................................................................ 13
4.2 Software Installation ................................................................................................. 13
4.2.1 USB to Serial Port Driver Installation .............................................................. 13
4.2.2 Configuration Tool Software Installation ......................................................... 15
4.3 Using the Configuration Tool Software .................................................................... 17
4.3.1 Identifying COM Port Number......................................................................... 17
4.3.2 User Interface Overview ................................................................................. 19
4.3.3 Main Menu ...................................................................................................... 19
4.3.4 Connecting to the Brigade Backsense® System ............................................. 19
4.3.5 Disconnecting from Brigade Backsense® System .......................................... 20
4.3.6 Writing Configuration to the Brigade Backsense® System ............................. 21
4.3.7 Reading Configuration from the Brigade Backsense® System ....................... 21
4.3.8 Saving Configuration to a File......................................................................... 22
4.3.9 Loading Configuration from a File................................................................... 22
4.3.10 Detection Area Setup...................................................................................... 23
4.3.11 Blind Area Setup ............................................................................................. 27
5
Testing and Maintenance .................................................................................................. 32
5.1 Operator Instructions ................................................................................................ 32
5.2 Maintenance and Testing ......................................................................................... 32
6
Specifications ..................................................................................................................... 34
7
Mounting Dimensions ........................................................................................................ 37
8
Disclaimer .......................................................................................................................... 38
2
1
Introduction
Brigade’s Backsense® uses FMCW (Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave) radar system
technology and is designed to detect people and objects in blind spots, significantly reducing
collisions. They detect stationary and moving objects, providing the driver with in-cab visual
and audible warnings – alerting the operator whose attention cannot be focused on all risk
areas. Backsense® works effectively in harsh environments and in poor visibility including
darkness, smoke, fog and dust.
It is imperative that Brigade Backsense® is fitted and commissioned by competent and trained
technicians. The installer is responsible for the fitness for purpose of the overall system and
must adhere to relevant regulations and legislation. Operators of the vehicle to which the
Brigade Backsense® System is fitted must be made fully aware of how to interpret the system
so they will not be distracted by or rely completely on it. Distraction can cause collisions.
The system is intended as an aid only. The operator must still concentrate on operating the
vehicle, obeying traffic and local regulations and continuing to use his/her own training, senses
and other vehicle aids, such as mirrors, as if the system were not in place. Nothing removes
the responsibility of the operator to operate the vehicle in a proper and lawful manner.
1.1
Detection Ranges
There are four available Backsense® systems available:
Model Name
BS-7030
BS-7045
BS-7060
BS-8000
Detection Length
[m]
3
4.5
6
3 - 30
(10)*
[ft]
10
15
20
10 - 98
(33)*
Length of each
Detection Zone
[m]
[ft]
0.6
2
0.9
3
1.2
4
1 - 26
3 - 85
(2)*
(7)*
Detection Width Nominal Tolerance
[m]
2.5
3.5
4.5
2 - 10
(7)*
[ft]
8
12
15
7 - 33
(23)*
[m]
±0.25
±0.25
±0.25
[ft]
±1
±1
±1
±0.25
±1
* Default setting
BS-7030, 7045 & 7060 each has a fixed detection length and width. The length is divided into
five equal detection zones. The buzzer and trigger output activate in all zones on detection.
BS-8000 uses the same fundamental operation as all the above systems but the settings are
fully configurable: Detection length, detection width, zones length, blind length, blind width,
blind zones, trigger output length and buzzer starting zone. Refer to section “4 Configurable
System Model BS-8000”.
1.2
Object Detection Capability
Warning
• There is no detection of objects or part of an object closer than approx. 0.3m to
the sensor.
• Object detection between approx. 0.3m to 1.3m from the sensor requires a
minimum relative speed of around 2km/h between the object and sensor. Same for redetection of objects after a stationary condition.
3
• Brigade Backsense® radar beam angle has a 120° horizontal angle out to the maximum
designated width. The vertical angle is 12°. Both angles are symmetrically perpendicular
to the sensor front surface.
• All dimensions for detection of objects are nominal and vary significantly depending on
many parameters. For more details, see section “1.2.2 Factors Influencing the Detection
of Objects”.
• An object will cause a detection alert in less than 0.5 second.
• After turning on the power the system takes around 6 seconds to be active. Time from
standby to active state is less than 0.2 second.
Notes:
• For distances below 1.3m (detection with relative speed only) or below 0.3m (no
detection) the space covered in general by radar systems is very small so this system
might not be a suitable solution. Brigade therefore recommends adding a Brigade
Backscan® System based on ultrasonic sensing technology, which offers better
detection at close ranges as applicable.
• Brigade Backsense® system is not affected if multiple systems are operating in the same
area or on the same vehicle, even if they are installed in close proximity with overlapping
detection ranges.
Tip: Brigade Backsense® detection is generally better when there is relative speed between
the sensor and the objects.
1.2.1
Detection Pattern
1.2.1.1 Horizontal Pattern
Person
Car
Horizontal (m)
Truck
Detection Distance (m)
4
1.2.1.2 Vertical Detection Area
Person
Vertical (m)
Car
Truck
Detection Distance (m)
1.2.2
Factors Influencing the Detection of Objects
Brigade Backsense® shares in principle the advantages and limitations of all radar-based
systems when compared to other sensing technologies. In general, it can reliably detect most
objects in most environmental conditions such as dirt, dust, rain, snow, sun, fog, darkness,
acoustic noise, mechanical vibration, electromagnetic noise or similar.
However, there are some occasions when an object could stay undetected. Radar works on
the principle of line of sight and relies on some of the electromagnetic energy transmitted by
the sensor being reflected back from the object to the sensor. If an object does not reflect
enough electromagnetic energy back to the sensor it will not be detected.
In the case where there are multiple objects in the detection area at various distances and/or
angles, the sensor detects the closest object, which is the most important one for collision
avoidance.
The object properties, location and direction are key influences in determining if an object is
detected or not. The influencing factors are listed below.
• Size: Larger surfaces are detected better than smaller surfaces. If there are small and large
objects in the detection area, the smaller object might only register in Detection Zones closer
to the sensor.
• Material: Metal is detected better than non-metal materials, e.g. wood, plastic.
• Surface: A smooth and solid surface is detected better than rough, uneven, porous,
fragmented or liquid surfaces, e.g. bushes, brick work, gravel, water.
• Shape: A flat object is better detected than a complex shape. Variation in relative location
and direction can influence detection significantly.
• Angle: An object facing directly towards the sensor (perpendicular, orientation head on to
the sensor) is detected better than an object that is located towards the edges of the
detection area or at an angle.
• Distance: An object closer to the sensor is better detected than one that it is further away.
• Relative speed to sensor: Detection is better if there is a relative speed between object
and sensor.
• Ground condition: Objects on flat, mineral material ground are better detected than on
rough or metal surfaces.
• Weather conditions: Dense dust or very strong rain or snowfall will reduce the detection
capability.
5
2
Contents
System
BS-7030
BS-7045
BS-7060
BS-8000
Sensor
BS-7XXXS
BS-8000S
Display
BS-7030D
BS-7045D
BS-7060D
BS-8000D
Sensor
BS-7XXXS or BS-8000S
4x
Cable
BS-09DCX
Software
Connectivity
-
-
CD
USB Cable
Display
BS-7030D / BS-7045D / BS-7060D / BS-8000D
4x
Sensor Fixing Kit
BS-FIX-01
Extension Cable 9m
BS-09DCX
Configurable system includes additional:
Software CD
USB Cable
(USB standard type A plug to mini-B plug)
Optional items (not included):
Extension Cables 5m (16ft) or 9m (29ft)
BS-05DCX or BS-09DCX
6
Adjustable Sensor Bracket
BKT-017
3
Hardware Installation
3.1
System Connectivity
7
3.2
Installation Site
The installation site should be relatively flat without excessive deviation and larger than the
detection range of the intended Backsense® System. This will enable a basic setup,
configuration and testing.
3.3
Electrical Connections
Refer to the vehicle manufacturer or bodybuilder guidelines for installation procedures and
connectivity in all applications. Ensure the positive supply connections are fused at source.
The system connections are shown in the table below:
• Red cable to non permanent power supply e.g. ignition.
• Black cable to ground.
• Grey cable to the activating trigger, e.g. reverse. This Activation Input changes the system
status between standby and active.
• White cable is a trigger output to activate secondary functions or devices. The white cable
is switch to ground (black cable) when an object is detected within the detection area.
For example a secondary device could be a Brigade bbs-tek® white sound® alarm or a
light beacon to send a warning into the detection area. Simply connect the device to the
power supply, same non permanent as the red cable is connected to, and the white cable
as a negative connection. For electrical loading limits see section “6 Specifications”. On
the BS-8000 system, the distance when the trigger output is activated can be configured.
System Connections
Vehicle non permanent System supply (3A blade fuse)
power supply
(Range +12V to +24V)
BLACK Ground
Supply negative
GREY Activation Input
Trigger from vehicle, high active
(Range above +9Vdc, up to supply voltage)
WHITE Trigger Output
Switched to Ground when active
(Loading up to 0.5A)
RED
3.4
Sensor Mounting and Location
Brigade Logo Readable,
Normal Orientation
Cable Exit Direction
Pointing To Bottom
8
Adjustment Angle
In Horizontal Plane
3.4.1
Sensor Direction
The sensor should be mounted in the upright position with cable exit on the sensor pointing
downwards. The Brigade logo on the front of the sensor should be in readable, normal
orientation when standing in the required detection area, see image above. The front of the
sensor should have line of sight to all areas where objects should be detected.
3.4.2
Sensor Fixing
The unit is supplied with four M5x30mm screws and four M5 polymer locknuts for mounting
purposes. The recommended torque is 6Nm or 50 inch/lbs.
3.4.3
Vehicle Overhang into Detection Area
The vehicle mounting location should avoid detection of any overhang or furniture, when
installing a non-configurable system. This is also recommended for the configurable system
where possible. Such objects will cause false alarms (for exceptions see section “1.2 Object
Detection Capability”, paragraph “Warning”). Any vehicle object in the detection area has to be
avoided. The detection area of the Brigade Backsense® radar beam has a 120° horizontal
angle to the maximum designated width and a vertical angle of 12°, see section “1.2.1
Detection Pattern” for details.
The configurable Backsense® System can be configured using the Blind Area setup to ignore
objects in the detection area, see section “4.3.11 Blind Area Setup”.
3.4.4
Mounting Angle
Brigade recommends mounting the radar on a bracket (available from Brigade, see section “2
Content”), which can be adjusted for angle in the horizontal plane, This will enable a simple
adjustment to optimise the performance. See below suggested vertical angle mounting
depending on the installation height on the vehicle.
Depending on the vehicle, working environment and typical objects to be detected an
adjustment of a few degrees around the suggested values can improve the detection
performance or avoid false alarms.
Installation height on vehicle
(to sensor centre point)
[m]
[in]
0.3m
12
0.5m
20
0.7m
28
0.9m
35
1.1m
43
1.3m
51
1.5m
59
Adjustment angle in upward direction
from the horizontal plane
[°]
9
7
5
4
3
2
0
Depending on the model of the Brigade Backsense® system and the required mounting height
of the sensor either the angle needs to be adjusted or the distance to ground level must be
longer than the detection length selected.
3.4.5
Offset to Vehicle Centre Line Mounting
If the Brigade Backsense® System is fitted off-centre or at an angle to the vehicle centre line
the detection area (see section “1.2.1 Detection Pattern”) is likely to be incorrect or misaligned
with the vehicle width or direction of travel.
9
Using the Blind Area Setup of the configurable Backsense® System might resolve or
compensate for mounting location issues, enabling off-centred or angled installations ( see
section “4.3.11 Blind Area Setup”).
3.5
Cable
Cables should be run in conduit and along suitable cable runs throughout the vehicle. A 24mm
hole is required to pass the connectors through.
Note: ● Allow a reasonable bending radius when folding excess cabling or for the routing of
the cable.
• Avoid tight bends close to the connectors.
• Avoid pulling on the connector.
• Ensure all cables are fitted into suitable protective conduit
• Ensure cabling and connectors are fitted away from sources of excess heat, vibration,
movement and water.
3.6
Display
The display should be mounted so the vehicle operator has good visibility in all environments
and situations. The display should be fixed in a suitable location in line with any current
legislation/regulations.
The base is fixed to the display with a keyway locking method and locked with a machine
screw. The base can be separated from the display by removing the screw and sliding back
and down if the display is used for any flush mounting.
The base has a self-adhesive pad applied for mounting e.g. on the dashboard. Additional
drilling and fixing with screws may be required in some applications.
The neck is adjustable in all directions up to 30° and is secured with a locking nut. Locking nut
should only be tightened by hand and excessive torque should be avoided. The volume is
adjustable from 65 to 90dB measured at 1m distance.
Green Zone Light
Furthest Detection Zone 5
Yellow Zone Light
Detection Zone 3
Light Green Zone Light
Detection Zone 4
Red Zone Light
Closest Detection Zone 1
Status Light
Orange Zone Light
Detection Zone 2
USB Connector
(Right Hand Side,
Configurable Version Only)
Volume Control
Right Hand Side)
Buzzer Output
(Underneath)
Locking Nut
Self-adhesive Pad
10
Function
System off
(not powered or
Configuration Tool
in connected state
BS-8000 only)
System power on
Self Test
(after applying
power supply)
System Standby
(after Self Test)
System Active and
no object detection
(via Activation Input)
Detection in Zone 5
(Furthest Detection
Zone)
Location
Zone Lights or Status Buzzer alert
Light flash frequency
Interval
Status Light
off
off
all Zone Lights
constant for 1 second
Status Light
red / constant for
5 seconds
Status Light
red / constant
off
Status Light
green / constant
off
Green Zone Light
constant
1.5 times per
second
constant for
1 seconds
Green & Light Green Zone
2 times per
constant
Lights
second
Green & Light Green & Yellow
2.5 times per
Detection in Zone 3
constant
Zone Lights
second
Green & Light Green & Yellow
3 times per
Detection in Zone 2
constant
& Orange Zone Lights
second
Detection in Zone 1
Green & Light Green & Yellow
(Closest Detection
constant
constant
and Orange & Red Zone Lights
Zone)
System Error
all Zone Lights
constant for 5 seconds constant for
occurred with
5 seconds
Status Light
red / 1 time per second
System Active
Detection in Zone 4
System Error with
System Active
Status Light
red / 1 time per second
0.5 seconds,
repeated in
5 seconds
System Error with
System Standby
Status Light
red / 1 time per second
off
BS-7030, 7045 & 7060 each has a fixed detection length and width. The length is divided into
five equal detection zones. The buzzer and trigger output activate in all zones on detection.
BS-8000 uses the same fundamental operation as all the above systems but the settings are
fully configurable: Detection length, detection width, zones length, blind length, blind width and
blind zones, trigger output length and buzzer starting zone. Refer to section “4 Configurable
System Model BS-8000”.
3.7
Initial System Power Up and Test
Once the sensor and display are installed and connected, power should be applied to test
correct system operation. On power up, the display will go through its self-test by sounding the
buzzer and illuminating the Status Light red and all Zone Lights. After about 5 seconds only
the Status Light should show red colour. When the activation input becomes active (e.g.
reverse gear is selected to apply power to the activation input) the status light turns green and
the system is in detection mode. Check the system is operating correctly in an open area with
no obstructions.
11
If the display indicates an error mode (see section “3.6 Display”) check section “3.8 Error
States” for possible resolutions.
If any or all of the Zone Lights remain constantly lit, check for any obstruction in the detection
area, which may be detected by the sensor, and remove it. If this is not possible as the object
is part of the vehicle, move the sensor so it is not detecting such object(s). If it is not possible
to relocate the sensor, then it may be necessary to install the BS-8000 or consult Brigade for
advice, see section “3.4.3 Vehicle Overhang into Detection Area”.
If the system is working as described, follow the section “5 Testing and Maintenance”. Add the
results from the test procedure in section 5, the configuration data (BS-8000 only) and this
installation and operation guide to the vehicle documentation accessible for the relevant
people.
3.8
Error States
If the display shows an error state (see section “3.6 Display”) check for the following potential
issue below. If the error is resolved the display will return automatically after a few seconds
and the self test to normal operation.
• Sensor or extension cable not connected.
Action: Check all connectors are plugged together fully.
• No data connection between sensor and display.
Action: Check for damage on connectors and cable.
• No power connection to sensor.
Action: Check for damage on connectors and cable.
• CAN communication error with sensor.
Cable is routed or system is installed too close to an electric noise source in vehicle.
Action: Try to relocate affected part of the system.
• Data corruption in sensor.
Action: Consult Brigade for advice.
The Brigade Backsense® Systems cannot self-diagnose potential sensor detection issues
caused by the build up of ice, dirt, mud, heavy rain or immersion in water, which may impede
system performance. Therefore, follow the section “5 Testing and Maintenance”.
12
4
Configurable System Model BS-8000
This section covers the setup of the configurable Brigade Backsense® model BS-8000.
4.1
PC System Requirements
The system requires a PC with a USB 2.0 Type-A connector, which will connect a computer to
the programming interface connector located on the display. A USB cable with USB standard
type A plug to mini-B plug should be used, which is included with the BS-8000.
The Configuration Tool is compatible with Microsoft Windows 7 & 8 (32-bit or 64-bit version)
operating system.
4.2
Software Installation
The software installation requires two steps. First, the installation of a USB to serial port driver
and second the installation of the Configuration Tool itself. The installation files can be found
on the CD supplied with the BS-8000.
4.2.1
USB to Serial Port Driver Installation
A USB to serial port driver is required to communicate between the PC and the BS-8000. This
driver is included on the CD and should be installed before any cable connection is made to a
PC.
Insert and access the CD ROM, go to folder “Driver” and double click and run
“PL2303_Prolific_DriverInstaller_v1.9.0”.
Click “Next >”
13
The installation progress will be shown as in both windows below:
Once the installation is complete, click “Finish”:
In case there are any issues with the driver installation further information can be found on the
CD ROM, folder “Driver”, document “PL2303 Windows Driver User Manual v1.9.0.pdf”.
14
If there is doubt whether the installation has been successful, follow sections “4.3 Using the
Configuration Tool Software” and “4.3.1 Identifying COM Port Number” to check for correct
installation and port properties.
4.2.2
Configuration Tool Software Installation
Insert and access the CD ROM, go to folder “ConfigTool” and double click and run the file
“setup”.
In some cases you may have a digital signature warning. Click “Run” to continue with the
installation. If unsure or your user rights are not permitting the installation, refer to your IT
department or a person with reasonable PC skills.
Click “Next >”
15
Check the tick-box to create a desktop icon and click “Next >”.
Change or confirm the installation folder location is correct and click “Next >”. The default
location is shown below.
Confirm installation by clicking “Next >”:
16
The installation progress will be shown as displayed below:
Once the installation is complete, click “Close”:
Desktop Icon shown below:
4.3
Using the Configuration Tool Software
Connect the display to the PC using the provided USB cable to the USB connector located on
the display.
Note: Before connection is made ensure Brigade Backsense® is powered and activated Status Light on the display should show constant green.
4.3.1
Identifying COM Port Number
To check the COM port number you are using for the connected Brigade Backsense® on the
PC you will need to open Windows “Device Manager”.
17
Click Windows Start button (typically on the bottom left on the screen) and select “Run…”. In
the “Run” dialogue box, type ‘devmgmt.msc’ and click “OK”; this will open the Device
Manager.
In the Device Manager window click “Ports (COM & LPT)” and check “Prolific USB-to-Serial
Com Port (COM##)”. The “##” represents the number of the port through which the display is
currently connected to the PC. Note this number as it is needed later in section “4.3.4
Connecting to the Brigade Backsense® System“. In the image below the number is shown as
“8” but this can vary.
18
4.3.2
User Interface Overview
The Configuration Tool provides multiple sub-windows. The sub-windows are used either to
view or to set up the configuration. The typical application is outlined below.
A
C
B
D
Menu area highlighted with letter “A” opens different windows to either view, change or
activate the corresponding function.
For the detection area definition there is one view sub-window (see above marked with “B”),
showing the graphical representation of the detection area and one setup sub-window (see
above marked with “C”) to enter the values. For the blind zone function, there is also one for
view and one for setup (not shown above). Most of the key configurations are repeated in the
view windows. More details are provided in the following sections.
Status bar marked with “D” shows the multiple status information, e.g. of the connection state.
4.3.3
Main Menu
The Main menu includes four options for “System”, “View”, “Setup” and “About”.
System menu is used to control the connection between the Configuration Tool and Brigade
Backsense® System for reading and writing the configuration to and from the system, loading
and saving the configuration data from/to a file, closing the active view window or exiting the
program.
View opens the Detection Zone and Blind Zone view windows.
Setup opens the setup windows for the Detection Zones and Blind Zones.
About provides version information for the Configuration Tool and LED Display software.
4.3.4
Connecting to the Brigade Backsense® System
Connect the display to the PC with the USB cable provided in the Brigade Backsense® System
BS-8000.
19
Note: Before connection is made ensure Brigade Backsense® is powered and activated Status Light on the display should show constant green.
Before connecting the Configuration Tool to the display, the correct com port must be
selected. Section “4.3.1 Identifying COM Port Number” describes how to find the correct port
number.
In menu area click “System” then “Connect Sensor”. This will open the Com Port Setup
window (this may take several seconds whilst the PC checks available COM ports). The COM
port indentified before should be used by selecting it from the drop down list and then click
“OK”.
Com Port setup needs to be run every time the Configuration Tool is opened. If the incorrect
COM port is selected the below error window will be shown:
Once connected an automatic read is executed and a configuration window will be shown:
The Status Bar will display “Connected” at the bottom right of the main window:
The Status Light on the display will be off while the Configuration Tool is in connected state.
4.3.5
Disconnecting from Brigade Backsense® System
Before physically disconnecting the USB cable from the display or PC a “disconnect”
function in the Configuration Tool must be completed. Click in menu area “System” and
then “Disconnect Sensor”, see image below. The tick option shows the current state of the
data connection.
20
Warning
• If the Brigade Backsense® System is physically disconnected from the USB cable
or the PC while the Configuration Tool is in a connected state a power cycle of the
system is required for recovery (disconnect the system from the power supply,
e.g. switch ignition off then on again; re-activate cycle via the activation input
alone does not recover the system).
• All written configuration data will be deleted in such a case.
4.3.6
Writing Configuration to the Brigade Backsense® System
Make sure the Configuration Tool is in connected state. Once all the required configurations
are complete all the settings can be programmed into the Brigade Backsense® System. Click
in the menu area “System” then “Write Configuration”; this will upload the configuration to the
Brigade Backsense® System. Once configuration is written a confirmation window will appear,
click “OK”. See images below.
Warning
• Make sure a Configuration Tool disconnection is performed before removing the
USB cable from the display or PC. See details in section “4.3.5 Disconnecting
from Brigade Backsense® System”.
4.3.7
Reading Configuration from the Brigade Backsense® System
Make sure the Configuration Tool is in connected state. In menu area, click “System” then
“Read Configuration”. This will read the configuration from the display. This is useful if a
configuration needs to be modified, copied from one system to another or stored in a file for
any future use. Once configuration has been read, a confirmation is displayed. See images
below.
21
Note: When Brigade Backsense® System is connected to the Configuration Tool, see section
“4.3.4 Connecting to the Brigade Backsense® System” an automatic reading of the
configuration is executed.
4.3.8
Saving Configuration to a File
All settings in the Configuration Tool can be saved to a file at any point of time with or without
being connected to the system. The saved file is in a format that can only be read from the
Configuration Tool.
Click in menu area “System” then “Save Configuration”. This opens a window for the selection
of the save location and file name.
4.3.9
Loading Configuration from a File
All settings in the Configuration Tool can be loaded from a previously saved file. The loading
function is supported whether or not the Brigade Backsense® System is connected. Any
current settings in the Configuration Tool will be lost.
Click in menu area “System” then “Load Configuration”. This opens a window for selection of
the load location and file name.
22
4.3.10 Detection Area Setup
Note: When setting up the detection zone and blind zones all dimensions are approximate.
All dimensions for detection of objects are nominal and can vary significantly depending
on many parameters. For details, see section “1.2.2 Factors Influencing the Detection of
Objects”.
4.3.10.1 View Detection Zones
In menu area, click “View” and then “Detection Zone” to open the “Detection Zone” view
window. This window displays the current detection length and width divided into zones. The
default configuration for a BS-8000 is 10m x 7m with all 5 zones equally divided into 2m as
shown below.
4.3.10.2 Setup Detection Zones
In menu area click “Setup” then “Detection Zone” to open the “Setup - Detection Zone”
configuration window. This is used to configure each “Detection Zone Length”, “Quick Zones
Detection Area Length”, “Detection Zone Width”, “Trigger Output Length” and “Buzzer Starting
Zone”.
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4.3.10.3 Detection Area Length
The detection area length can be set in two ways; setting each zone individually via the
“Detection Zone Length” or via “Quick Zones Detection Area Length”.
4.3.10.4 Detection Zone Length Setup
This is used to set up each of the five zones individually. Each zone has a range from 1.0m to
26.0m selectable via the pull down menus. The combined total length will not exceed 30m.
The image below shows zones setup from 1.0m to 5.0m giving a total of 15.0m detection.
Clicking “Apply” after selection will change the shape displayed in the related view window.
24
4.3.10.5 Quick Zones Detection Area Length
There are eight “Quick Zones”, these are preset zones and can be selected by clicking the
appropriate check box next to the desired distance. Using this option will set the total length
and create five equal zones. This does not affect the width, trigger output length or buzzer
starting zone, these still should be set up manually as required.
If one of the Detection Zones Length is changed, the Quick Zones Detection Area Length will
return to “None”. See below the image on the left before and highlighted on the right after the
“Detection Zone 1” has manually been changed.
Note: The trigger output length will automatically reduce if the total detection length has been
shortened.
25
4.3.10.6 Detection Zone Width
Detection Zone Width ranges from 2.0m to 10.0m with a dependency on the selected “Total
Detection Length”. This will set the overall width of the detection to suit the application as
required. Select the required detection zone width from the drop down box and click “Apply”.
For example, the detection width would generally be set to approximately the same width as
the vehicle.
Note: Brigade Backsense® automatically adjusts the minimum Detection Width to a higher
value for a longer Detection Length.
Detection Zone Length [m]
3 to 4
4.5 to 5
5.5 to 7
7.5 to 9.5
10 to 12.5
13 to 14.5
15 to 17
17.5 to 20
20.5 to 30
Limits for Detection Zone Width [m]
2 to 10
2.5 to 10
3 to 10
3.5 to 10
4 to 10
4.5 to 10
5 to 10
6 to 10
7 to 10
4.3.10.7 Trigger Output Length
The Trigger Output Length is set at the point where you want the trigger output to start in the
detection area. Select the required Trigger Output length from the drop down box and click
“Apply”. The range is from 1m to the selected Total Detection Length.
For example below shows a 3m detection length with the Trigger Output Length set at 2.0m
(highlighted). The LED display will illuminate and beep at the start of detection (3.0m) but the
trigger output would not activate until the detected object moves within 2.0m of the sensor.
26
4.3.10.8 Buzzer Starting Zone
The Buzzer Starting Zone is set at the point where the display’s buzzer will start sounding.
Select the required buzzer starting zone from the drop down box and click “Apply”.
The example below shows the Detection Zone Length at 10.0m with the Buzzer Starting Zone
being set for Detection Zone 3. This means the display will show only illuminated Zone Light
warnings until any detected object is within Detection Zone 3 and the yellow Zone Light is
active. At this point the buzzer will sound.
4.3.11 Blind Area Setup
4.3.11.1 Relationship between Blind Area and Detection Area
The Brigade Backsense® BS-8000 can set Blind Cells inside the Detection Area to be ignored.
These can be set at different sizes and selected individually to accommodate varied
applications. Both the Detection Area and the Blind Area is symmetrical along same centre
line.
The image below shows an example of the view windows for a larger Detection Area (10m x
7m) compared to a smaller Blind Area (3m x 2m) side by side in the Configuration Tool.
27
28
The next image shows the actual relationship between the two images set in the Configuration
Tool.
In the image above the Blind Zone Area is set to a 3.0m x 2.0m in front of the sensor. The
Blind Zone Area is divided into 5 zones in length by 4 cells in width.
4.3.11.2 Blind Area View and Setup
The zones can vary in length if manual configuration is required (see below on the left). If the
“Quick Zones Blind Length” option is used then all zones will be equally split over the full Blind
Zone Length (see below on the right).
The Blind Zone Width can be set via the pull down menu.
29
4.3.11.3 Selecting Blind Zone Cells
Once the Blind Zone Area has been decided, each Cell can be selected individually to remove
the area from the detection zone. Any object in the selected Blind Cells will now be ignored if
detected.
Each Cell is selected in the setup window using the tick boxes shown. The tick boxes directly
correspond to the Cells shown in the Blind Zone view window. Once selected, click “Apply”
and the Cell text will turn red in colour, indicating the area has been selected, see images
below. To remove a selected cell, simply un-tick the corresponding Cell and click “Apply”.
Warning
• An object in a Blind Cell can mask an object further away from sensor. Such
masking is typically in line of sight from the sensor location but may affect
surrounding areas.
• Ensure each blind zone has been checked thoroughly for correct operation with
the vehicle both stationary and in motion.
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31
5
Testing and Maintenance
5.1
Operator Instructions
This information is addressed to the operator of the vehicle where a Brigade Backsense®
System is installed:
1) The Brigade Backsense® is intended as an Object Detection System and should not be
relied upon as your primary defence for the safe operation of the vehicle. It is an aid to
contribute in conjunction with other established safety programs and procedures to ensure
a safe operation of the vehicle in relation to surrounding persons and objects.
2) Testing and inspection of the system should be carried out in accordance with this
manual. The driver or operator is responsible for ensuring the Brigade Backsense®
System is working as intended.
3) Operators using this equipment are strongly recommended to check the system’s proper
operation at the beginning of every shift.
4) Improved safety depends on the proper function of this product in conformance with these
instructions. It is necessary to read, understand and follow all instructions received with
the Brigade Backsense® System.
5) The Brigade Backsense® System for object detection is intended for use on commercial
vehicles and machinery equipment. Correct installation of the system requires a good
understanding of vehicle electrical systems and procedures along with proficiency in
installation.
6) Store these instructions in a safe place and refer to them when maintaining and / or
reinstalling the product.
5.2
Maintenance and Testing
This information is addressed to the operator for maintenance and testing of a vehicle with the
Brigade Backsense® System installed. This is also to familiarise the operator with the
detection area and behaviour of the system. More frequent inspections should be performed in
cases where:
• The vehicle is operating in a particularly dirty or harsh environment.
• The operator has reason to suspect the system is not working or has been damaged.
Procedure:
1) Clean the sensor housing of any accumulation of dirt, mud, snow, ice or any other debris.
2) Visually inspect the Sensor and Display and verify that they are securely attached to the
vehicle and are not damaged.
3) Visually inspect the system’s cables as well as possible and verify that they are properly
secured and not damaged.
4) The location of the test should ensure the area in front of the sensor is clear of obstacles
and is larger than the detection range of the installed Brigade Backsense® System.
If any of the following tests fail, follow the fault finding guidance in section “3.7 Initial System
Power Up and Test” of the installation guide.
For the following tests, the operator requires objects to be placed in the detection area or an
assistant (to observe the display indications).
5) Activate the Brigade Backsense® System (ensure the vehicle cannot move) and verify the
Status Light is illuminated constant green on the display within less than 7 seconds.
6) If the display shows any of the 5 Zone Lights activated, this indicates there are likely to be
one or more objects in the detection area interfering with the test. Move the vehicle to a
clear area and proceed.
32
7) Verify each detection zone’s distance: Starting from the outside of the detection area, the
operator should check several points along the centre line of the detection width down to
around 0.4m distance from the sensor. The display should show the detection alerts via
the lit Zone Lights, the buzzer pulsing speed and, if the trigger output is used, the
connected device or function. The operator should note down the distance at which each
detection zone is activated and if it is in line with the installed system or the configuration
for this vehicle.
8) Close detection behaviour: Verify objects in between 0.3m and 1.3m distance are only
detected if they move relative to sensor. All Zone Lights except for red should be
constantly active. The red colour Zone Light should stay active for systems covering more
than 1.1m distance with the closest detection zone 1.
9) Very close detection awareness: Verify objects less than 0.3m from the sensor are not
detected. All the Zone Lights and buzzer output should switch off after less than 3 seconds
with only the Status Light remaining illuminated constant green.
10) Similar to the previous tests the operator should scan all the edges of the detection area
according to the installed system or configuration for this vehicle. He should note down the
detected locations and check if they match with the detection area set when this Brigade
Backsense® System was installed on this vehicle.
33
6
Specifications
Operation Characteristics
Detection range
Model name
Type
Detection length
Each Detection Zone length
Detection width
Nominal tolerance
Radar beam angle
Distance resolution
Object detection
Power on to system ready
System standby to active
5 zones in equal (fixed range systems) or configurable lengths
BS-8000
BS-7030 BS-7045 BS-7060
Configurable (* Default Setting)
Fixed Range
[m]
[ft]
[m] [ft] [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
3 - 30 (10)* 10 - 98 (33)* 3
10 4.5 15
6 20
1 - 26 (2)*
3 - 85 (7)*
0.6
2
0.9
3
1.2 4
2 - 10 (7)*
7 - 33 (23)* 2.5
8
3.5 12 4.5 15
±0.25m / 1ft
Horizontal 120° out to the maximum designated width
Vertical 12°
(symmetrically perpendicular to sensor front surface)
≥ 0.25m (1ft) (limitations apply, see section “1.2 Object
Detection Capability”)
≤ 0.5second (limitations apply, see section “1.2 Object
Detection Capability”)
≤ 6 seconds
≤ 0.2 second
Communication between Sensor and Display
Physical layer
CAN bus
Protocol layer
Proprietary Protocol (cannot be integrated or networked with
other systems on vehicles)
Max. cable length between
30m (98ft)
display and sensor
Sensor Specifications
Transmitter
Frequency and bandwidth
Dimensions (all in mm)
Connector
Cable length
Weight
Operating temperature
IP protection
Vibration
Shock
Mounting
Bracket
34
Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW)
24.068GHz to 24.218GHz
217 x 129 x 50
Manufacturer Deutsch
Part Number DT06-4S-CE06
1.0m / 3ft 3in
0.7kg (including pigtail cable)
-40°C to +85°C
IP69K (protected from dust and strong water jets / immersion
into water) protective housing
20G
100G all three axes
Four (5.2mm) diameter holes on 198mm horizontal centres,
and 40mm vertical centres.
Unit is supplied with M5x30mm screws and M5 polymer
locknuts for mounting purposes. Recommended torque is 50
inch/lbs
Optional, adjustable for vertical angle
Display Specification
Zone Lights
Buzzer
Programming interface
Dimensions (all in mm)
Connector
Cable length
Weight
Operating temperature
IP Protection
Vibration
Shock
Mounting
Electrical Specification
Input voltage
Input current
Fuse
Polarity
Vehicle connection
Activation Input:
Trigger Output
Voltage protection
Large and high ambient light visibility
Luminance >300cd/m2
Buzzer volume control wheel
Sound pressure level adjustable 65dB(A) to 90dB(A) (at 1m
distance), frequency 2800±300Hz
Mini USB socket (configurable version only)
101 x 70 x 29 (with bracket 71)
Manufacturer Deutsch
Part Number DT04-4P-CE02
1.5m / 5ft
0.3kg (including pigtail cable)
-40°C to +85°C
IP30 (not water protected)
20G
100G all three axes
Via bracket adjustable in all direction approximate 30°
Base supplied with self-adhesive tape. Possibility to fix base
with additional screws (not supplied, drilling required)
Removable bracket for flush mount
9Vdc to 32Vdc
typ. 0.62A at 12Vdc / typ. 0.32A at 24Vdc / max. <0.8A
3A, automotive (regular size) blade fuse type, located on red
power supply cable
Negative ground
System supply positive, negative, activation input and trigger
output
4 single cables exiting at the back of the connector on the
end of the display cable
Rating 0Vdc to 32Vdc
System active above 9Vdc, inactive below 7Vdc
Active State: switched to ground up to 0.5A
Inactive State: High impedance (> 1 MOhm)
ISO 7637 (over and reverse voltage protection)
Approvals
CE
ECE Regulation No. 10 Revision 4 (“E-marking”)
ISO 16750
ISO 13766
EN 13309
FCC
Brigade Electronics
BS-7030 / BS-7045 /
BS-7060 / BS-8000 /
BS-XXXX
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may
not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Any change or modifications not expressly approved by the responsible party responsible for compliance could void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.
35
EU Declaration of Conformity
Product Types:
Brigade Backsense Radar Obstacle Detection System BS-8000, BS-7030, BS-7045, BS-7060
Manufacturer:
Brigade House, The Mills, Station Road, South Darenth, DA4 9BD, UK
This declaration of conformity is issued under the sole responsibility of Brigade Electronics.
Objects of the declaration:
Radar sensor, display and cable
The objects of the declaration described above are in conformity with the relevant Union
harmonisation legislation:
Directive 2014/53/EU
Relevant Harmonised Standards:
• EN301489-1 V2.1.1(2017-02) and EN301489-3 V2.1.0 (2017-03)
• EN300440-2 V1.4.1(2010-08) and EN300440-1 V2.1.1(2017-03)
Additional information:
• Operational Frequency Band: 24068MHz – 24218MHz
• Maximum Transmitted Power: 19.20 dBm
• This equipment should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20cm
between the radar sensor and any human body.
Signed for and on behalf of Brigade Electronics Group PLC
15/06/2017, South Darenth, DA4 9BD, UK
David Wallin, Quality and Standards Manager
36
7
Mounting Dimensions
37
8
Disclaimer
Disclaimer
Radar obstacle detection systems are an
invaluable driver aid but do not exempt the
driver from taking every normal precaution when
conducting a manoeuvre. No liability arising out
of the use or failure of the product can in any
way be attached to Brigade or to the distributor.
Avertissement
Les systèmes de radar à détection d'obstacle
sont une aide précieuse pour le conducteur,
mais celui-ci doit toutefois prendre toutes les
précautions nécessaires pendant les
manœuvres. Brigade ou ses distributeurs
n’assument aucune responsabilité résultant de
l’utilisation ou d’un défaut du produit.
Haftungsausschluss
Radar basierte Hinderniserkennungssysteme
sind für den Fahrer eine unschätzbare Hilfe,
ersetzen aber beim Manövrieren keinesfalls die
üblichen Vorsichtsmaßnahmen. Für Schäden
aufgrund der Verwendung oder eines Defekts
dieses Produkts übernehmen Brigade oder der
Vertriebshändler keinerlei Haftung.
Condizioni di utilizzo
I sistemi di rilevamento ostacoli radar
costituiscono un prezioso ausilio alla guida, ma il
conducente deve comunque assicurarsi di
prendere tutte le normali precauzioni quando
esegue una manovra. Né Brigade né il suo
distributore saranno responsabili per eventuali
danni di qualsiasi natura causati dall’utilizzo o
dal mancato utilizzo del prodotto.
Aviso legal
Aunque los sistemas de detección de
obstáculos por radar constituyen una valiosa
ayuda, no eximen al conductor de tomar todas
las precauciones normales al hacer una
maniobra. Brigade y sus distribuidores
comerciales no se responsabilizan de cualquier
daño derivado del uso o deun mal
funcionamiento del producto.
Declinación de responsabilidad
Os sistemas radar de detecção de obstáculo
são uma ajuda incalculável ao motorista, mas
não dispensam o motorista de tomar todas as
precauções normais ao realizar uma manobra.
Nenhuma responsabilidade decorrente do uso
ou falha do produto pode de forma alguma ser
atribuída ao Brigade ou ao distribuidor.
Verwerping
Radar obstakel detectiesystemen zijn een
waardevolle hulp voor de bestuurder, maar
ontheffen hem echter niet van de verplichting
om het voertuig zorgvuldig te manoeuvreren.
Brigade en zijn distributeurs zijn niet
aansprakelijk voor schade door gebruik of het
niet functioneren van het product.
Ограничение ответственности
Радарные системы обнаружения препятствий
является дополнительным средством
помощи водителю, но не освобождает от
соблюдения водителем всех необходимых
мер предосторожности при совершении
маневров. Brigade Electronics или
распространители продукции не несут
ответственности вытекающей из
невозможности эксплуатации или
неисправности продукции.
Specifications subject to change. Sous réserve de modifications techniques. Änderungen der
technischen Daten vorbehalten. Specifiche soggette a variazioni. Las especificaciones están
sujetas a cambios. Wijzigingen in specificaties voorbehouden. As especificações estão
sujeitas a alterações. Спецификация может изменяться.
Serial No:
38
Part No:
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20/07/2017 10:43:00
6B1J-A1291, V3
BS-7030(4527),BS-7045(4528),BS-7060(4529),BS-8000(4530)-Installation&Operation Guide - ENG - v2.3 1.docx
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