Vivitar Series 1 Owner's manual

Vivitar Series 1 Owner's manual
70-210mm 13.5 Macro Focusing Zoom Lens
Vivitar Series
E
| | Owner's Manual
Before you use your lens —
When changing from Macro operation to Zoom operation or from
Zoom operation to Macro operation, the Zoom Focus Ring of your lens
MUST BE SET TO THE 210mm POSITION.
INCORRECT CORRECT
For best results, please read this Owner's Manual carefully!
GRE
—]
pr
¡A
ани
EEE
—"
ag
—=="
TRINI
a
—
i
ma
—]]———
—]
—
E
—Ñ
—u
Td
=
ii
Ee
————
Mi
—Б55нны,
>
A a
N
ia
T——Z; er ны _
— Mi,
"ее “ча
Mi, a,
“Sv
“чан
“ен “ча
в a
ны а
Ni ч
UT — Mi -
= —l a
a = чи
— a — a
— — -
= x
———_— "че = в
— x, не
ue a “че
Na Tn к.
2 =; =
A - —— o =. a
ve “анны чт ня
Je JS "2, or “чт
Da =, = a
" — an
— =u e
mas ——
0 стереть рожок — —
Ts — a
—— a
———l a
————— -
nn ——
—— —
aaa aaa
ir rm EL, — un,
—— Um —
— —
TÚ N
0 ——— o
E" E
a
>
a
AA = o
нач оной " и
> se
- Ч a
———— —
Peu ex,
—— =
ts E
— pe
in
EE ни
i As A нь че лет
ч.л
————
E
pa
—
Por,
e y rt NÓ
3 E A
——
—
—i
a = == == Ee
a он
cae
pn
EE PTE
lc ——
a PE
rr ванны нон. о ТТ ан
a ————
TL
—————— аННОНы ЙЕ
—l—U i p——
———
—_—_—_—_—_-_-_—_——""
Your new Vivitar Series 1° Macro Focusing Zoom Lens is part of an entirely
new lens system, unique in concept and created to meet the challenge of
tomorrow's photographer today. Its versatility is unlimited. As a telephoto
lens, its remarkable “one-touch” zoom and focus control lets you choose any
focal length between 70mm and 210mm for exact framing at the moment of
exposure. A simple turn of the wrist and your Series 1 Zoom becomes a
Macro lens allowing you to explore the exciting world of close-up photog-
raphy. To you, the photographer, this means total creative expression in nearly
every photographic situation without ever removing the lens from your cam-
era. And the Vivitar name is your assurance of superb computer-designed
optics and the utmost in optical and mechanical reliability.
Getting Acquainted With Your Lens
@ Filter Thread @ Macro Index Line
@ Zoom/Focus Ring © Zoom/Macro Selector Switch
O Macro Focus Reference Mark (Y Selector Switch Lock Button
@ Distance Scales (1) Aperture Ring
© Distance Index Line (P Aperture Index Point (Y Lens Mount
@ Focal Length Scale (O Aperture Scale
*Universal Thread
@ Infrared Index Line @® Auto/Manual Switch” Mount Lenses only
Mounting Your Lens
Your Vivitar Macro Focusing Zoom has been designed to mount on your cam-
era with the simplicity and ease of your normal lens. However, because it is
longer than your normal lens, special care should be taken when aligning it to
the camera.
For the best results, slide the Zoom/Focus Ring (2) to the 70mm position on
the Focal Length Scale (6) and grasp the lens firmly around the lens barrel as
shown in photo A. This will enable you to achieve better balance during the
mounting procedure.
Holding Your Lens
When using your lens it is best to support the camera/lens combination by
placing your left hand underneath the lens as shown in photo B. This leaves
your other hand free to operate the controls of your camera and assures
proper balance and stability.
Aperture Control
The automatic diaphragm operation of your lens allows you to focus and
compose your picture with the diaphragm at maximum aperture or “wide
open.” When shooting, the diaphragm will automatically stop down to the pre-
| 1
selected aperture at the moment of exposure and immediately re-open as the
exposure is completed.
NOTE: Universal Thread Mount lenses have an Auto/Manual Switch (see
photo C) which must be set in the “A' (Auto) position for Automatic Dia-
phragm Control. In the “M” (Manual) position, the diaphragm opens and
closes as the Aperture Ring is turned.
Canon Mount lenses have an Auto/ Manual lever ( photo D) which must be set
at the clockwise end of its slot for Automatic Diaphragm Control. With the
lever in the counter-clockwise end of its slot, the lens diaphragm opens and
closes as the Aperture Ring is turned.
EE Coupled Lenses
Some cameras (such as the Konica Autoreflex series) automatically deter-
mine the correct aperture for a given photographic situation when a specific
shutter speed is selected. For a lens to operate automatically with these
cameras it must be coupled to the camera's EE mechanism.
Vivitar Series 1 lenses designed with EE coupling mechanisms differ from
other lenses as follows:
1. Aperture Scale —Since cameras with EE mechanisms work automatically
to 1/16 only, the aperture range of the EE coupled Vivitar Series 1 Lens goes
to f/16 only,
2. EE Lock Button—To ensure that the lens is not accidentally removed from
EE operation, the Aperture Ring locks with a positive click when placed in
the "EE" position. When you wish to set aperture manually, press the EE
Lock Button to move the Aperture Ring from the “EE” position (see photo
E).
Zoom Operation
To set your lens for Zoom operation
1. Slide the Zoom/ Focus Ring (2) towards the Lens Mount (5) until it stops at
the 210mm position on the Focal Length Scale ©.
2. Press the Selector Switch Lock Button (10) and turn the Zoom/Macro Selec-
tor Switch (9) clockwise until the Distance Index Line (5) is opposite the
Aperture Index Point (2). (See photo F).
CAUTION: Always make sure the Zoom/Focus Ring is at the 210mm position
before changing from Macro to Zoom operation. Do not force—lens will shift
modes easily when set in the proper position.
Focusing and Zoom Control
Your Vivitar Macro Focusing Zoom Lens provides a “one-touch” focus and
zoom system that lets you focus and compose your picture quickly and easily.
Focusing and zooming are both controlled by the Zoom/Focus Ring as follows:
3
1. To focus, turn the Zoom/Focus Ring until your subject appears sharpest In
the camera viewfinder.
2. To zoom from one focal length to another, slide the Zoom/Focus Ring along
the lens barrel to the desired position. The Focal Length Scale (6) is con-
veniently marked with the major focal lengths for easy reference.
3. Since zooming may cause you to turn the Zoom/Focus Ring slightly, it's
always a good idea to re-focus at the focal length you will be using.
Distance Scales
Your lens has two Distance Scales (4) which give you the distance from the
subject in focus to the film plane. The white numbers denote this distance in
feet while those in green represent distance in meters.
Distance Index Line
The Distance Index Line (5) is the reference point for the correct focus posi-
tion of your lens. Reading the number of feet or meters indicated on the Dis-
tance Scales opposite this line allows you to estimate the distance from the
subject in focus to the film plane.
Infrared Index Line
Your lens has an Infrared Index Line (7) engraved in red on your lens barrel
for use with infrared film. When using infrared film focus normally on your
subject, select the zoom position you prefer, and read the distance on the
4
Distance Scales as indicated opposite the Distance Index Line.
Without changing the zoom position, turn the Zoom/Focus Ring (2) to the
right until the distance reading is opposite the Infrared Index Line. Your lens
will then be focused for average infrared photography. NOTE™ Infrared radia-
tion is variable by nature and therefore the Infrared Index Line should be used
as an approximation only.
Depth of Field
Depth of field is the area in acceptable sharpness in front of and behind the
subject in focus. This depth is determined by the aperture you have selected
and the distance from the subject in focus to the film plane. As you get closer
to your subject, or as you open your lens (e.g. from f22 to 13.5), the depth of
field becomes shallower (3.5 is shown in photo G). By stopping your lens
down (e.g. 13.5 to 122) or getting farther away from your subject, this depth of
field or zone of acceptable sharpness can be increased (f22 is shown in
photo H).
Another factor in determining depth of field is the focal length at which you
are shooting. As a rule, the longer the focal length of a lens the shallower the
zone of acceptable sharpness becomes. Therefore, as you change the focal
length of your Vivitar Macro Focusing Zoom from 70mm to 210mm, the depth
of field becomes shallower. You can compensate for this by stopping your
lens down. However, a shallow depth of field can add creative impact to your
5
pictures by providing you with pleasing out-of-focus foregrounds or back-
grounds.
Depth of Field Preview
Pressing your camera's Depth of Field Preview Button stops down the lens
diaphragm to your pre-selected aperture. This allows you to see the depth of
field in the viewfinder prior to taking a picture.
NOTE: On Universal Thread Mount lenses, the Auto/Manual Switch may be
used for previewing depth of field. This is done by moving the switch to the
“M” (Manual) position.
Depth of Field Tables
If you need more precise depth of field information than can be obtained by
looking through your camera's viewfinder, check the Depth of Field Tables in
the back of this manual. These give you precise information for select focal
length/aperture combinations.
Macro Operation
To set your lens for Macro operation:
1. Slide the Zoom/Focus Ring (2) towards the Lens Mount (5) until it stops at
the 210mm position on the Focal Length Scale (6).
6
2. Press the Selector Switch Lock Button (o) and turn the Zoom/Macro Selec-
tor Switch (9) counter-clockwise until the Macro Index Line IS opposite
the Aperture Index Point (2) (see photo |).
CAUTION: Always make sure the Zoom/Focus Ring is at the 210mm position
before changing from Zoom to Macro operation. Do not force—lens will shift
modes easily when set in the proper position.
Magnification
The remarkable Macro feature of your Vivitar Series 1 Macro Focusing Zoom
lets you take pictures at magnifications up to approximately one-half times life
size—without the need for lens extension devices or other supplementary
close-up equipment.
The concept behind this unique macro focusing feature is quite basic. Mag-
nification is defined as the ratio of the distance from the optical center of a
lens to the film (lens-to-film distance) over the distance from the optical center
of a lens to the subject (lens-to-subject distance). As the lens-to-film distance
increases, magnification increases and you are able to focus closer to your
subject.
lens-to-film distance
lens-to-subject distance
In Macro operation, your Vivitar Series 1 Lens incorporates moving elements
that change the position of the optical center of the lens. As you slide the
Magnification =
Zoom/ Focus Ring away from the camera body, the lens-to-film distance
Increases allowing you to achieve a higher magnification. As you slide it
towards the camera body, the lens-to-film distance is reduced and magnifica-
tion decreases.
Macro Focusing
For optimum results in Macro operation, turn the Zoom/Focus Ring (2) to the
right until the Macro Focus Reference Mark (3) is opposite the Macro Index
Line (8). Keep the Zoom Focus Ring in this position as you slide it along the
lens barrel to change magnification and/or focus.
If your picture does not require a fixed magnification, slide the Zoom/Focus
Ring along the Macro Index Line until the subject appears sharpest in your
camera's viewfinder. If you wish a larger image size, move the entire camera/
lens combination closer to your subject and adjust the Zoom Focus Ring
accordingly.
If your picture requires a fixed magnification, set the Zoom/Focus Ring to the
desired position and focus by moving the entire camera/lens combination
back and forth until the subject appears sharpest in your camera viewfinder.
The following table provides magnification information at the various positions
along the lens barrel and is indexed in terms of the Focal Length Scale (6) for
easy reference.
MAGNIFICATION SCALE
Object Distance
Lens set at Field Size from Front
Macro Mode Diagonal Element Magnification
70 mm 95 mm 77.5 mm 1.2.2
85 mm 150 mm 210 mm 153.5
105 mm 280 mm 620 mm 1:6.5
135 mm 470 mm 1560 mm 1:11
Depth of Field in Macrophotography
In close-up photography, depth of field is directly related to magnification and
aperture.
As magnification increases, depth of field decreases drastically. In most
cases, you are working with a zone of acceptable sharpness that measures in
inches and fractions of inches, particularly at higher magnification. Since
depth of field increases as the aperture becomes smaller (e.g. from 13.5 to
f22), you can compensate somewhat for this shallow depth of field by stop-
ping your lens down as far as lighting conditions will allow.
If inadequate conditions prevent you from stopping your lens down for satis-
factory depth of field, add supplementary artificial lighting or adjust your shut-
ter speed until the proper exposure can be obtained. If this is not possible,
make sure you focus carefully on your subject and position in a way that great
depth of field is not critical to a good photograph. For example, if you place
an elongated subject on a plane parallel to the film plane (as shown in photo
J), the need for great depth of field is virtually eliminated. If the subject is not
placed parallel to the film plane (as shown in photo K), greater depth of field
IS needed for the entire subject to be in focus.
Helpful Hints
1. Always make sure the Zoom/ Focus Ring (2) is at the 210mm position on
the Focal Length Scale when changing from Zoom to Macro operation or
from Macro to Zoom operation. This will prevent any possibility of damage
to your lens.
2. Because exposure in close-up photography is critical to getting the best
possible picture, its a good idea to shoot several pictures of the same sub-
ject varying the exposure slightly. This method, called “bracketing,” involves
shooting the pictures at the f-stop indicated by your TTL meter, under-
exposing by Ye to 1 f-stop and overexposing by % to 1 f-stop. The results
will be well worth the few pennies it may add to your film cost.
10
In Macro operation, always try to use a tripod or other stable platform when
shooting at higher magnifications to assure that slight movements do not
degrade the picture quality. If, for some reason, a stable platform cannot
be used, take the picture at the fastest possible shutter speed lighting
conditions will allow.
. In Macro operation, it's always a good idea to use a cable release to trigger
the shutter of your camera. Even the slight movement caused by your hand
depressing the shutter release can affect the quality of pictures taken at
high magnification. If your camera has a self-timer, you can use it to pre-
vent this movement if a cable release is not available.
Taking Care of Your Lens
La
Its a good idea to keep a filter (such as UV filter) on your lens at all
times. This not only improves photographs, but also protects the front lens
element from scratches.
. When attaching threaded accessories (filters, etc.) to your lens, carefully
align the accessory with the Filter Thread (1) to prevent damage.
. Keep your lens dust free by making sure both front and rear lens caps are
in place when it's not in use.
11
4. Clean your lens with an air brush, anti-static brush or wipe it lightly with a
12
camel-hair brush or lens tissue. In EXTREME cases, use a clean, soft cot-
ton cloth moistened with denatured alcohol. Never rub the lens surface
with your finger, clothing or any other abrasive material. Cleaning your lens
in this way will scratch the lens coating and can cause damage to the ele-
ment surface.
. Always store your lens in a cool, dry place. It's a good idea to store it with
the silica gel packet supplied, especially during wet or humid weather. A
lens case with a silica gel packet provides a handy means of storage and
gives excellent protection for your lens.
Specifications
Focal Length: 70mm-210mm
Minimum Focal Length of Macro: 54mm
Optical Construction: 15 elements/10 groups
Aperture Range: 13.5-122 (ЕЕ coupled lens to f16 only)
Angle of Acceptance: 34° at 70mm; 12° at 210mm
Zoom Ratio: 3:1
Maximum Magnification in Macro: 1.2.2
Minimum Focusing Distance From Film Plane
in Zoom: € ft. 6% in. (2 M)
Minimum Focusing Distance From Front Element
In Macro: 3 in. (80 mm)
Maximum Barrel Diameter: 3'/16 in. (77.8 mm)
Length at Infinity: 6Y8 in. (157.5 mm)
Weight: 31 oz. (879 g)
Accessory Size: 67 mm
Accessories Included: Front and rear lens caps
Specifications subject to change without notice. Lengths and weights may vary
slightly depending on lens mount
13
Depth of Field Tables
70mm
ft 3.5 5.6 8 11 16 22
7 6.T= TZ 66 = 74 6.5 — 7,5 63 ~ 77 6.1 B.2 5.8 87
8 .7~ BA 75— 85 13 8.7 7.1— 9.0 6.8 — 9.6 6.5 — 10.5
9 8.6 — 94 8.4 — 9.6 8.2 — 10.0 7.9 — 10.4 7.5— 11.2 7.1~12.4
10 9.5 — 10.5 9.3 — 10.8 9.0 — 11.2 8.6 — 11.8 8.2 — 12.9 7.6 — 14.6
12 IL 12.7 10.9 — 13.3 10.5 — 13.9 10.0 — 14.9 9.4 — 16.7 8.7 — 19.8
15 13.8 — 16.3 13.3 =~17.2 12.7 — 18.4 12.0 — 20.0 11.0 — 23.8 10.0 — 30.8
20 18,0 — 22.5 17.0 == 24.3 15.9 — 26.8 14.8 — 30.8 13.3 — 41.1 11.8 — 69.1
30 25.5 — 36.2 23.5 — 41.4 21.5 — 49.7 19.5 — 66.2 16.8 — 151 14.5 — X
60 44.1 — 93.4 38.2 — 141 33.1 — 339 28.3 — X 23.0 — < 18.7 — xX
zZ 163 ~ x 102 ~ % 7147 % 52 == 36.0 — x 26.3 — x
m 3,5 5,6 8 11 16 22
2,0 1,922 — 2,085 1,879 — 2.140 1,831 — 2,206 1,776 — 2,296 1,691 — 2,464 1,600 — 2,704
2,5 2,376 — 2,639 2,308 — 2,730 2.234 — 2,843 2,150 — 2,999 | 2,023 — 3,303 | 1,890 — 3.765
3,0 2,820 — 3.206 2.722 ~ 3.345 2.619 — 3.520 2,501 — 3,767 | 2,327 — 4,272 | 2,150 — 5,099
4,0 3,678 — 4,386 3.510 — 4.657 3,336 — 5.013 3.143 — 5,544 | 2,867 — 6,746 | 2,597 — 9.150
5,0 4 501 — 5,628 4 248 — 6.090 3,992 — 6,723 3,714 — 7,732 | 3,331 — 10,339 | 2,967 — 17.489
7,0 6,045 — 8.323 5.590 — 9.393 5,149 — 11,021 4,689 — 14,086 | 4,085 — 26.433 | 3.543 — 0.000
10,0 8.141 — 12.985 7.328 — 15,836 6.580 — 21,172 5,839 — 36.712 | 4.922 — X 41.1487
20,0 13,668 — 37.479 11,495 — 79,261 9 735 — xX 8.177 — E 6.466 — < 5.178-—
pe 42,564 — X 26.655 — % 18,701 — =< 13,639 — Z 9 421 — > 6.890 — %
58
t 3.5 5.6 8 1 16 22
7 68— 71 67— 72 66— 73 65— 75 63— 78 61— 81
8 78— 82 7.6 — 8.3 7.5 — 8.5 74 — 87 7.1 — 9.1 6.8 — 9.6
9 87 ~ 9.2 85— 94 84— 9.6 82— 99 7.8— 10.4 7.5 ~ 11.2
10 9.6 — 10.3 9.5 — 10.6 9.2 — 10.8 9.0 — 11.2 8.6 — 11.9 8.2 — 12.8
12 11.5 — 12.5 11.2 — 12.9 10.9 — 13.3 10.5 — 13.9 10.0 — 15.0 9.4 — 16.6
15 14.2 — 15.9 13.7 ~ 16.5 13.2 ~ 17.2 12.7 ~ 18.3 11.9 ~ 20.3 11.0 ~ 23.5
20 18.5 — 21.7 17.7 ~ 22.8 16.9 ~ 24.4 16.0 ~ 26.6 14.7 ~ 31.5 13.4 ~ 40.3
30 26.7 ~ 34.2 25.0 ~ 37.3 23.4 ~ 41.8 21.6 — 49.1 19.2 — 69.5 17.0 — 140
60 47.7 — 80.3 42.5 ~ 101 37.9 ~ 144 33.3 ~ 310 27.8 — % 23.2 — x
% 227 — x 142 — x 99.8 ~ x 72.7 ~% 50.2 ~ % 36.6 — x
3,5 5,6 8 11 16 22
2,0 1,948 — 2,055 | 1,919 — 2.089 | 1.886 — 2,130 | 1,847 — 2,184 | 1,786 — 2.281 | 1,718 — 2.410
2,5 2,417 — 2,590 | 2.369 — 2,647 | 2.318 — 2,716 | 2,257 — 2,808 | 2,162 — 2,976 | 2,060 — 3.209
3,0 2878 ~ 3,134 | 2.809 — 3,220 | 2.736 — 3.326 | 2649— 3,468 | 2516 ~ 3,736 | 2.375 — 4.121
4,0 3,779 ~ 4,249 | 3.659 — 4,415 | 3531— 4622 | 3383~ 4,911 | 3,164— 5,486 | 2,937 — 6.392
5,0 4,654 — 5,404 | 4.469 — 5,680 | 4.276 — 6,034 | 4,058— 6546 | 3,741 ~ 7,632 | 3.423 ~ 9.550
7,0 6,328 — 7,837 | 5.985 — 8,445 | 5,637 — 9.270 | 5.256 — 10,566 | 4,727 — 13,803 | 4,222 — 21,933
10,0 8.665 — 11,832 | 8.025 — 13,301 | 7,403 — 15,509 | 6,751 — 19.590 | 5,892— 35,065 | 5,117 — 798.522
20,0 15,227 — 29,203 | 13,327 — 40,409 | 11,669 — 72.165 | 10.104 — 5337,601 | 8.267 — % 6.797 — x
% 62,724 — % 39,267 ~ % 27,538 — x 20,074 — 13,854 — x 10,123 ~ >
59
105mm
A 3.5 5.6 8 1 16 22
7 69— 7.1 68— 7.2 68— 72 6.7 — 7.3 6.6 ~ 75 64— 77
8 79— 81 78— 82 77— 83 76 ~ 8.5 74 ~ 87 72— 90
9 88 ~ 92 87 ~ 93 86— 94 85— 96 82 — 9.9 8.0 — 10.3
10 9.7 — 10.2 96 — 10.3 9.4 — 10.5 9.3 — 10.8 9.0 — 11.2 87 ~ 11.7
12 11.6 — 12.3 11.4 — 12.5 11.2 — 12.8 11.0 — 13.2 10.6 ~ 13.8 10.1 ~ 14.7
15 14.4 ~ 15.5 14.1 — 15.9 13.8 — 16.4 13.4 ~ 17.0 12.8 ~ 18.1 12.1 — 19.7
20 19.0 ~ 21.1 18.4 — 21.8 17.8 ~ 22.7 17.1 ~ 23.9 16.1 ~ 26.3 15.1 ~ 29.9
30 27.7 ~ 32.6 26.5 — 34.4 25.3 — 36.8 23.9 ~ 40.3 219 ~ 47.9 19.9 ~ 62.1
60 51.2 — 71.9 471 ~ 819 43.2 ~ 97.4 39.2 — 128 33.9 ~ 267 29.3 ~ x
% 344 ~ x 215 — x 151 — 110 — x 75.7 — % 55,3 — x
fir Se) 3,5 5,6 8 11 16 22
2.0 1967 — 2.034 | 1.948 — 2.055 | 1.927 — 2.079 | 1.901 ~ 2.111 | 1.860 — 2.166 | 1.813 ~ 2,237
2,5 2 447 — 2.556 | 2.416 — 2.591 | 2,382 — 2.632 | 2,340 — 2,686 | 2275— 2,780 | 2.202 ~ 2,904
3,0 2021 — 3.084 | 2.876 — 3.136 | 2.826 — 3.199 | 2,766 — 3.281 | 2,673 — 3.428 | 2,569 — 3.625
4,0 3,856 — 4,156 | 3,774 — 4,257 | 3,685— 4,377 | 3,581 — 4,539 | 3,419 — 4839 | 3,245 — 5,257
5,0 4771 ~ 5253 | 4645 ~ 5418 | 4508— 5620 | 4348— 5896 | 4.108 — 6.424 | 3,853 — 7,204
7.0 6.540 — 7.520 | 6.307 — 7.871 | 6.051 — 8317 | 5.760 — 8.954 | 5,335 — 10,269 | 4,904 — 12,487
10,0 9.090 — 11.118 | 8,620 ~ 11.921 | 8.141 — 12,997 | 7,614 — 14,655 | 6,876 — 18.638 | 6.164 ~ 27.754
20,0 16.602 — 25,176 | 15,071 — 29,822 | 13,638 — 37.823 | 12,193 — 57,006 | 10.371 — 378,877 | 8.804 — x
x 95,665 — x 59 869 — x 41,972 ~ x 30,582 — x 21.091 — 15,397 — x
135mm
к! 5.6 8 1 16 22
7 69— 7.1 69— 71 69— 71 68— 7.2 67— 73 66— 74
8 7.9 ~ 81 7.9 ~ 81 7.8 ~ 82 7.7 ~ 83 7.6 — 84 7.5 — 86
9 89— 91 88— 92 88— 93 8.7— 94 85— 95 84— 98
10 9.9 ~ 10.1 9.8 ~ 10.2 9.7 ~ 10.3 9.6 ~ 10.5 9.4 — 10.7 9.2 — 11.0
12 11.7 ~ 12.2 11.6 ~ 12.3 11.5 — 12.5 11.3 ~ 12.7 11.1 ~ 13.0 10.8 — 13.5
15 14.6 — 15.3 14.4 — 15.5 14.2 — 15.8 14.0 — 16.1 13.5 ~ 16.7 13.1 ~ 17.5
20 19.3 — 20.6 19.0 ~ 21.0 18.6 ~ 21.5 18.2 ~ 22.2 17.4 — 23.3 16.7 — 24.9
30 28.6 ~ 31.5 27.8 ~ 32.5 26.9 ~ 33.7 26.0 ~ 35.4 24.5 — 38.7 22.9 — 43,5
60 54.4 — 66.7 51.5 — 71.6 48.6 — 78.1 45.4 — 88.2 41.0 — 113 36.7 — 169
x 570 — 25 357 — x 250 — x 182 — x 125 ~ x 91.4 ~ x
m 5,6 8 11 16 22
2,0 1.982 — 2.019 | 1.971 ~ 2.030 | 1,958 — 2.044 | 1.943 ~ 2.061 | 1.919 — 2.090 | 1.891 ~ 2.126
2,5 2.469 — 2,532 | 2,451 — 2,551 | 2431— 2574 | 2.406 ~ 2.603 | 2.366 — 2,652 | 2.320 ~ 2.715
3,5 2.954 — 3,048 | 2,927 ~ 3077 | 2,897 — 3.112 | 2.860 ~ 3.156 | 2.801 ~ 3.233 | 2.734 — 3.331
4,0 3914— 4,090 | 3,865 — 4,146 | 3.810 — 4,212 | 3.743 — 4.298 | 3.638 — 4.450 | 3.519 ~ 4.648
5,0 4,863 — 5.146 | 4.784 ~ 5038 | 4,697 — 5347 | 4.594 — 5,491 | 4.431 — 5.749 | 4,252 — 6,095
7,0 6.725 — 7.299 | 6,571 — 7,492 | 6.403 — 7.726 | 6,205 — 8,041 | 5,903 — 8,628 | 5.579 — 9,462
10,0 9.435 — 10,639 | 9.127 — 11,064 | 8.799 — 11,595 | 8,421 — 12,338 | 7.862 ~ 13.817 | 7.284 — 16.154
20,0 17.807 ~ 22.819 | 16.711 ~ 24.934 | 15.615 — 27,894 | 14,435 — 32,771 | 12,825 — 46.321 | 11,319 — 92.426
5 158,062 — x 98,890 — x 69,304 — x 50,477 — x 34.788 — x 25,374 — x
61
150mm
ft 3.5 5.6 8 1 16 22
7 7.0 — 71 6.9 — 7.1 6.9 — 7.1 6.9 — 7.1 6.8 — 7.2 6.7 — 7.3
8 7.9 — 8.1 7.9 — 8.1 7.9 — 8.1 7.8 — 82 7.7 — 83 7.6 — 8.4
9 8.9 — 9.1 8.9 — 9.1 8.8 — 9.2 8.7 — 9.3 8.6 — 9.4 8.5 — 9.6
10 9.9 — 10.1 9.9 — 10.2 9.8 — 10.3 9.7 — 10.3 9.5 — 10.6 9.3 — 10.8
12 11.8 — 12.1 11.7 — 12.2 11.6 ~ 12.4 11.4 — 12.5 11.2— 12.8 11.0 — 13.1
15 14.7 — 15.2 14.5 — 15.4 14.4 — 15.6 14.1 — 15.9 13.8 — 16.3 13.4 — 16.9
20 19.5 — 20.5 19.2 — 20.8 18.9 — 21.2 18.5 ~ 21.7 17.9 ~ 22.6 17.3 — 23.8
30 28.8 — 31.2 28.2 — 32.0 27.5 — 32.9 26.6 ~ 34.2 25.4 ~ 36.6 24.0 ~ 40.0
60 55.4 ~ 65.3 53.0 ~ 69.0 50.5 ~ 73.8 47.6 ~ 80.9 43.6 ~ 96.3 39.6 ~ 125
x 706 — x 441 — x 309 — x 225 — x 155 — x 113 — æ
m 3,5 5,6 8 1 16 22
2,0 1.986 — 2.015 | 1977 ~ 2024 | 1,968— 2.034 | 1,956 — 2,047 | 1.936 — 2,069 | 1,914 — 2,096
2,5 2,476 — 2.525 | 2.461 ~ 2,540 | 2.445 — 2,557 | 2.426 — 2,580 | 2,394 — 2,618 | 2.356 ~ 2,666
3,0 2,963 — 3,038 | 2.942 — 3.061 | 2,918 — 3.088 | 2.888 ~ 3.122 | 2,841 — 3.181 | 2,786 — 3,255
4,0 3,931 — 4,071 | 3.891 — 4.115 | 3.847 — 4.167 | 3,793 — 4,234 | 3,706 — 4,350 | 3,607 — 4,499
5,0 4890 ~ 5116 | 4.826 ~ 5188 | 4.755 — 5,273 | 4,670 — 5384 | 4,535 — 5,581 | 4,383 — 5,838
7,0 6,778 — 7.238 | 6.651 — 7,390 | 6.512 ~ 7,571 | 6.347 ~ 7.811 | 6.091 ~ 8,248 | 5,811 — 8,845
10,0 9.540 — 10,508 | 9.285 ~ 10,839 | 9.010 — 11,245 | 8,688 — 11,798 [ 8,203 ~ 12.857 | 7,689 — 14,416
20,0 18.191 ~ 22.216 | 17.257 — 23.802 | 16,302 — 25,922 | 15.250 ~ 29.177 | 13,773 ~ 36,934 | 12,346 — 54,361
% 195,105 — x 122,053 — % 85,528 — x 62,284 — x 42,914 — x 31,292 — x
62
180mm
fl 3.5 5.6 8 11 16 22
7 7.0~ 7.0 69— 71 6.9~ 7.1 6.9 ~ 7.1 69— 72 68— 72
8 80— 81 7.9 — 8.1 7.9 — 8.1 79~ 82 7.8 — 82 7.7 — 8.3
9 89— 91 89— 91 89— 91 88— 92 87— 93 8.6~ 94
10 9.9 ~ 10.1 9.9 ~ 10.1 9.8 ~ 10.2 9.8 — 10.3 9.7 — 10.4 9.5 — 10.5
12 11.9 ~ 12.1 11.8 ~ 12.2 11.7 ~ 12.3 11.6 ~ 12.4 11.5 ~ 12.6 11.3 — 12.8
15 14.8 — 15.2 14.7 — 15.3 14.6 — 15.5 14.4 — 15.6 14.2 — 15.9 13.9 — 16.3
20 19.6 — 20.3 19.4 — 20.6 19.2 — 20.8 18.9 — 21.2 18.5 — 21.8 18.0 — 22.5
30 29.1 — 30.8 28.7 — 31.3 28.2 — 32.0 27.6 — 32.8 26.6 ~ 34.3 25.5 ~ 36.3
60 56.7 ~ 63.6 54.9 ~ 66.0 53.0 ~ 69.0 50.8 ~ 73.2 47.5 ~ 81.5 44.1 ~ 94.3
% 1008 — x 630 — x 442 — x 322 — x 221 — x 161 — æ
m 3,5 5,6 8 11 16 22
2,0 1.991 — 2.009 | 1,985 — 2,015 | 1.979 — 2,021 | 1,971 — 2,030 [ 1,959 — 2.043 | 1.944 — 2,060
2,5 2,484 — 2,516 | 2,475 — 2,526 | 2.464 — 2,537 | 2,451 — 2551 | 2,429 — 2,576 | 2.404 — 2,605
3,0 2,976 — 3,025 | 2,961 ~ 3,040 | 2.945 — 3,057 | 2,925 — 3,079 | 2,893 — 3,117 | 2,855 — 3.164
4,0 3,954 ~ 4048 | 3,927 — 4,077 | 3,896 — 4,110 | 3,858 — 4,154 | 3,798 — 4,228 | 3,728 ~ 4,321
5,0 4,925 — 5078 | 4881 ~ 5126 | 4,832 — 5181 | 4,772 — 5,253 | 4.675 — 5,378 | 4.565 — 5,536
7,0 6,847 — 7,161 | 6,758 — 7.261 | 6,660 — 7.379 | 6.541 ~ 7.532 | 6.353 — 7.804 | 6.142 — 8.158
10,0 9.680 — 10,343 | 9.498 — 10,560 | 9.299 ~ 10,821 | 9,061 — 11,166 | 8,693 — 11,795 | 8,289 — 12,653
20,0 18,715 — 21,478 | 18.022 — 22.477 | 17.291 ~ 23,741 | 16,459 ~ 25,539 | 15.239 — 29,242 | 14,000 — 35,432
x 280,880 — x 175,685 — x 123,088 — * 89,617 — x 61,724 — x 44,989 — x
63
210mm
f 3.5 5.6 8 11 16 22
7 7.0— 7.0 7.0— 7.0 6.9 ~ 7.1 6.9 ~ 71 6.9 ~ 7.1 6.8 ~ 72
8 8.0~ 8.0 7.9~ 8.1 79— 81 79— 81 7.8 — 8.2 7.8 — 82
9 9.0 — 9.5 89— 91 89— 91 89— 92 88— 92 8.7 — 9.3
10 9.9 — 10.1 9.9 — 10.1 9.9 — 10.1 9.8 — 10.2 9.7 — 10.3 9.6 — 10.4
12 11.9 — 12.1 11.9 ~ 12.2 11.8 ~ 12.2 11.7 ~ 12.3 11.6 ~ 12.4 11.5 — 12.6
15 14.9 ~ 15.2 14.8 ~ 15.2 14.7 ~ 15.4 14.5 ~ 15.5 14.3 ~ 15.7 14.1 ~ 16.0
20 19.7 ~ 20.3 19.6 ~ 20.5 19.4 ~ 20.7 19.2 ~ 20.9 18.8 ~ 21.4 18.4 ~ 21.9
30 29.3 ~ 30.6 28.9 ~ 31.0 28.5 ~ 31.5 28.0 ~ 32.2 27.3 ~ 33.3 26.4 ~ 34.7
60 57.4 ~ 62.8 55.9 ~ 64.6 54.3 ~ 66.8 52.5 ~ 69.8 49.7 ~ 75.5 46.8 ~ 83.8
x 1288 — x 806 — x 565 — x 411 — 283 — x 206 — x
m 3,5 5,6 8 11 16 22
2,0 1.994 — 2.006 | 1.990 ~ 2,010 | 1.986 ~ 2.014 | 1,981 — 2.020 | 1,972 ~ 2,029 | 1,962 ~ 2,040
2,5 2489— 2511 | 2,483 — 2,518 | 2475~ 2525 | 2,466 — 2,535 | 2451 ~ 2551 | 2433 ~ 2,571
3,0 2983 ~ 3017 | 2,973 — 3,028 | 2.962 ~ 3,040 | 2,947 ~ 3,055 | 2,924 — 3,081 | 2,897 — 3,112
4,0 3.967 ~ 4,034 | 3,948 — 4,054 | 3,926 — 4,078 | 3,899 ~ 4108 | 3,854 — 4,159 | 3,803 ~ 4,222
5,0 4,946 — 5055 | 4,914 ~ 5089 | 4.879 — 5128 | 4,835 — 5,178 | 4,763 — 5,264 | 4,681 — 5,371
7,0 6.889 — 7.115 | 6,824 — 7.186 | 6,751 ~ 7.269 | 6,663 — 7,376 | 6,521 — 7,561 | 6,359 ~ 7,797
10,0 9766 — 10.246 | 9,631 — 10.400 | 9.481 — 10,582 | 9.301 ~ 10,819 | 9.016 ~ 11,239 | 8,697 — 11,791
20,0 19.045 — 21,058 | 18.516 — 21,750 | 17,946 — 22,599 | 17.283 — 23.761 | 16,283 ~ 25,993 | 15,229 ~ 29,310
% 382,238 — x 239,057 — x 167.466 — x 121,908 ~ x 83,943 — x 61,165 — x
64
Vivitar Series
Vivitar Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90406 USA
Subsidiaries
Vivitar Japan Ltd.: Tokyo, Japan |
Vivitar Photo-Elektronik GmbH: Bad Soden, FRG
Vivitar Canada LTD.: Mississauga. Canada
Vivitar France S.A.: Rungis, France
Vivitar U.K. Ltd.: Oxon, England
Vivitar Europe Inc.: Mijdrecht, Netherlands
7:78 Printed in Japan
3000473
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement