AOpen CRW 1232 User Manual


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AOpen CRW 1232 User Manual | Manualzz

Copyright

© Copyright 2002 by AOpen Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of AOpen Inc. All brand and product names are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Disclaimer

AOpen Inc. makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed “as is”. Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not AOpen Inc., its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further, AOpen Inc. reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio / TV technician help.

FCC Warning

Changes or modification not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

Table of Contents

1.

Use Precautions ............................................................... 1

1.1.

Warning for Safety....................................................................................... 1

1.2.

Warning as to Use ....................................................................................... 1

2.

Introduction ...................................................................... 2

2.1.

Overview...................................................................................................... 2

2.2.

Features....................................................................................................... 3

2.3.

Format Compatibility.................................................................................... 4

2.4.

Type of Writing............................................................................................. 5

Disc-At-Once .......................................................................................... 5

Track-At-Once ........................................................................................ 5

Session-At-Once .................................................................................... 5

Multi-session........................................................................................... 5

Packet Write ........................................................................................... 5

3.

Hardware Installation....................................................... 6

3.1.

System Requirements ................................................................................. 6

3.2.

Hardware Instruction.................................................................................... 7

Front Panel ............................................................................................. 7

Rear Panel.............................................................................................. 8

3.3.

Installing AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive.............................................. 9

3.4.

Supported CD-R and CD-RW Discs.......................................................... 11

Supported Discs ....................................................................................11

The handling of CD-R, DVD and CD-RW Discs ....................................11

4.

Software Installation ...................................................... 12

4.1.

Before You Start ........................................................................................ 12

4.2.

Installing Software ..................................................................................... 12

5.

Technical Support.......................................................... 13

5.1.

Firmware Upgrade ..................................................................................... 13

5.2.

Troubleshooting ......................................................................................... 14

5.3.

How to Contact Us..................................................................................... 16

Appendix A.

Glossary.................................................. 18

Appendix B.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) ....... 21

Appendix C.

Specification........................................... 23

Use Precautions English

1.

Use Precautions

These precautions explain how to use the device correctly and safely, thereby preventing injury to you or to others. This section relates to your personal safety, and also helps you minimize the risk of damaging the device. Please read carefully before proceeding.

1.1. Warning for Safety

Do not open the device or attempt to disassemble or to modify it.

Do not look inside the device. If you expose your eyes to the laser inside the device, you risk damage or loss of your eyesight.

Do not insert fingers or foreign objects into the device.

Do not expose the device to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet conditions or place containers on it that contain liquids which might spill into any openings.

Follow the Operation Manual carefully. Follow the correct procedure when setting up the device.

If unusual smells, sounds or smoke emanate from the device or if liquids enter the device, switch the computer off immediately and unplug it from the power outlet.

Make sure the computer is electrically grounded.

When opening the computer, always unplug the computer from the electrical outlet. Do not touch the plug with wet hands.

When used in a fan-cooled system, the device should not be exposed to temperatures outside the range of 5 ~ 40 ℃ .

1.2. Warning as to Use

This AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive together with software is a product for utilizing

DVD+RW/+R/CD-RW recording media with rewriting, erasing and readout capabilities, as an external computer memory device. Except in the case where copying of CD-ROMs or the like is especially recognized under the copyrights laws as being for the purpose of individual use by the customer or the like, or in the case where the customer has obtained permission to make copies from the right holder, reproduction of CD-ROMs and copyright laws. Take notice that unauthorized copying may be subject to claims for damages and to penalties.

-- E-1 --

Introduction

2.

Introduction

2.1. Overview

Thank you for purchasing AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive. In this manual, we will explain how to install your AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive correctly. Please read this manual carefully before using the drive.

JustLink

JustLink is a new technology developed independently by Ricoh that automatically prevents buffer under-run errors by predicting them before they happen. AOpen USB2.0

DVD+RW/+R drive features JustLink technology to enable stable writing in the following situations where buffer under-run errors may otherwise occur in a conventional drive.

With high-speed writing,

When some other operation is being performed on the computer during writing,

When writing CD-R/CD-RW from a CD-ROM drive,

When writing directly via network.

High Versatility

The AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive is an ideal all-in-one solution for reading CD’s, copying audio/software CD’s, creating photo/audio/video CD’s, or acting as a storage drive for archiving or backup. The drive (retail pack only) comes complete with everything you need to make CD’s right away, including bundled software and blank

CDs. With this software, you can create your own CDs.

High Reliability

An improved anti-heat design and the OPC design boost recording reliability. Optimum

Power Control continually monitors signal levels during recording and adjusts laser power to compensate for a dirty disc. This feature ensures a flat signal, significantly enhancing reliability.

High Compatibility

The AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive supports all major CD/DVD formats, offering full backward-compatibility through the huge installed base of CD-ROM/DVD-ROM drives and media. What’s more, reordered DVD+RW/+R/CD-RW media can be played in a

DVD player with multi-read feature, maintaining future compatibility.

-- E-2 --

Introduction English

2.2. Features

USB2.0 interface.

Completely sealed door construction provides high reliability

JustLink has made auto-avoidance against buffer under run errors possible

Can read not only CD-R, CD-RW and DVD+RW discs, but also video CDs, music CDs, photo CDs, and CD-Text

Can read CD data at 32x speed (4.8MB/sec data transfer rate), write data at

12x speed (CD-R, 1.8MB/sec data transfer rate.), re-write data at 10x speed *1

(High Speed CD-RW, 1.5MB/sec data transfer rate), and write data at 2.4x speed (DVD+RW/+R, 3.32MB/sec data transfer rate).

Excellent media compatibility: The firmware of DVD+RW/+R drive has tuned up to the 99% compatibility.

Support random write UDF in DVD+RW

Legacy DVD-ROM and DVD Player can play DVD+RW/+R disc

An improved anti-heat design means that no cooling fan is needed.

Compliant with Orange Book Part II (CD-R) and Part III, Volume 2 V1.0

(CD-RW)

Supports random UDF for easy writing to CD-R/RW discs

Emergency disk unload

Front panel rotary volume control

Back panel included analog audio output and digital audio output

-- E-3 --

Introduction

2.3. Format Compatibility

This DVD+RW/+R drive is compatible with the following formats:

”Read” means Data Transfer; “Play” means Audio Play back

Write

CD-DA

CD-ROM

CD-Extra

CD-ROM XA

Photo CD *2

CD-I *2

CD-G

CD-Text

DVD+RW

DVD-RW *3

DVD-R *3

DVD+R

DVD-ROM

*1 Play means audio play back. Read means data transfer.

*2 CD-I, Photo-CD requires special reader/player. Photo-CD writing requires

Kodak license

.

*3 Theoretically allows if disc being read is compatible with DVD-ROM Not recommended and unwarranted by AOpen.

-- E-4 --

Introduction English

2.4. Type of Writing

Disc-At-Once

When only a single recording session (lead in/data/lead out) is to be recorded onto a disk, it is called “Disc-At-Once”.

When using Disc-At-Once, no additional data can be recorded onto the disc, even if there is available capacity.

The advantage of this method recording is that it enables creation of discs that can be played back on almost any CD player or CD-ROM drive, because there are no links inserted between the data tracks.

Track-At-Once

When many sessions are to be recorded onto a disc, it is called “Track-At-Once”. If there is space available on the disc, additional data can be recorded onto it.

The advantages of this method include being able to record additional sessions onto a disc, and using a CD-ROM of backup data. (Refer to “Multisession”.)

Session-At-Once

A "Session-at-Once" recording almost corresponds to a "Disc-at-Once recording", i.e. all data ("Lead-in", data area and "Lead-out" are written in one go.

The only difference is that the CD is not "finished", i.e. after a "Session-at-Once" recording you still have the possibility to write a further "Session" on the CD at a later date.

Multi-session

The recording of lead-in/data/lead-out is referred to as one session. The Disc-At-Once method is also referred to as “Single Session”, because the disc is only recorded once. A disc that has had multiple additional session recorded onto it using the Track-At-Once method is called “Multisession”.

Packet Write

The Packet Write recording method was developed. It differs from Track-At-Once or

Disc-At-Once in that data is recorded in small fixed sectors of 64k bytes, known as packets.

The advantages of this method are elimination in overhead per session and the elimination of buffer under run errors. This method, however, cannot be utilized for audio data. A number of formats, such as UDF and CD-R FS, can be used when recording using the Packet Write method.

-- E-5 --

Software Installation

3.

Hardware Installation

The installation of AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive is fast and easy. Please follow these instructions described below:

3.1. System Requirements

A PC system with the following features is highly recommended for ensuring a stable

DVD+RW/+R performance.

System requirements

CPU We suggest using a Pentium !!! 850MHz or above (JustLink in use)

Memory

Operating systems

128MB or above

Windows 98, Windows 2000, XP

Windows Me, NT WorkStation 4.0 Service

Pack 5 or above

Interface USB2.0

Hard disc

Voltage

Average saving time is 19ms or lower, max data transfer speed is 33.3MB/sec; disc space 500MB or over

+12V or +5V voltage switches

*CD-RW discs: perhaps are unable to be read in the CD-ROM. If this situation

comes about it is likely that your CD-ROM is not compatible with multi-read please

change to a Multi-read compatible CD-ROM or use your AOpen DVD+RW/+R.

*All Multi-read CD-ROM devices have the following features

(1) CD-ROM is able to read data created by optical heads

(2) CD-ROM will support the UDF specification (Packet Writing)

-- E-6 --

Introduction English

3.2. Hardware Instruction

Front Panel

Headphone Jack

Volume Control

Disc Tray Emergency Eject Hole

Busy Indicator LED

Eject Button

Don’t use force to pull out or push in the disc tray. This might cause damage to the loading section of the drive.

Disc Tray

This is the tray for the disc. Place the disc on the ejected disc tray, and then slightly push the tray (or push the eject button), the CD will be loaded.

Eject Button

This is the button used to eject or bring in the disc tray.

Busy Indicator

When the disc tray or disc is being accessed, the light shines or flashes orange.

Even when a disc is loaded or a disc is not being accessed, the light goes out.

When an illegal disc is loaded or some hardware trouble occurs, the indicators blinks.

Headphone Jack

This jack is for connecting headphones or mini-speakers.

Volume Control

This is used to adjust the output volume of the headphone jack. It can’t be used to adjust the output volume for the audio output connectors on the rear panel.

Emergency Eject Hole

When the drive cannot eject the disc tray because of power failure, pushing the emergency eject hole of the front panel by the thin pole make drive be able to eject the disc tray.

-- E-7 --

Software Installation

This function is only for emergency case. Do not use this function in usual case to prevent from mechanical damage.

Rear Panel

Power Cord

Connector

USB Connector

Audio Out Connector

Power Switch

Power Cord Connector

Used to connect to the host computer’s power supply (DC 5V/12V).

Power Switch

Used to turn on or turn of AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R.

Audio Out Connector

Used to connect to an external speaker, earphone or amplifier.

USB2.0 Connector

Used to connect the USB certified cable to USB Host controller card.

-- E-8 --

Introduction English

3.3. Installing AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive

Please install your AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R according to following steps,

Installing Your DVD+RW/+R:

1. First, make sure the power of the drive is turned OFF.

2. Plug the power cable and USB cable to your USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R.

3. Connect the other end of the USB cable to the USB2.0 port of your computer.

4. Connect the AC adapter to a properly grounded AC outlet.

-- E-9 --

Software Installation

5. Now you may turn on the power and the system will detect the new device automatically.

This DVD+RW/+R drive must be horizontally installed and operated.

-- E-10 --

Introduction English

3.4. Supported CD-R and CD-RW Discs

Supported Discs

This drive can write to discs that carry the following logos:

CD-R discs

This CD-RW drive can write to these discs at 8x, 12x, 16x, 20x, 24x,

32x, and 40x speed. These discs can be played back in a CD-ROM drive or a CD player.

CD-RW discs

This CD-RW drive can write/re-write at 2x or 4x speed on those discs that support 4x speed. These discs can be read/played on a CD-ROM that supports “Multi-Read”.

High Speed CD-RW discs

This disc allow writing/re-writing at 8x, 10x and 12x speeds. This

CD-RW drive can write/re-write these discs at 4x, 8x, 10x or 12x speed.

These discs can be read/played by a CD-RW drive that bears the High

Speed CD-RW logo.

DVD+RW discs

This DVD+RW/+R drive can writing/re-writing DVD+RW disc at high speed. These discs can be read/played by DVD-ROM drive or DVD player that bears the DVD+RW logo.

DVD+R discs

This DVD+RW/+R drive can writing/re-writing DVD+R disc at high speed. These discs can be read/played by DVD-ROM drive or DVD player that bears the DVD+R logo.

The handling of CD-R, DVD and CD-RW Discs

Please read the following regarding the handling of CD-R, DVD and CD-RW discs.

Do not expose the discs to excessive heat such as in direct sunlight or near a heater. Also avoid keeping them in a humid place.

Do not touch disc surfaces. When handling a disc, hold it by its edges.

Remove dust and dirt from disc surfaces. Use air-based dust removers. The surfaces may be scratched if wiped with a dry cloth.

Do not stick labels on disc surfaces.

Do not write on disc surfaces except where indicated.

Do not clean discs with chemicals or detergents.

Do not bend or drop discs

-- E-11 --

Software Installation

4.

Software Installation

4.1. Before You Start

Please understand that CD recording is a non-interruptible process. Therefore, a stable recording environment is a must. If you have a HDD set up only for CD recording purpose, the recording process shall be smooth.

However, if an extra HDD is not available, you might prefer carrying out the following steps to optimize your Windows CD recording arrangement:

Close all resident programs that include Anti-Virus, Screen Saver, System

Agent, Power Management, etc. Turn off Auto Insert Notification. Further, maximizing and minimizing windows are not recommended either. If not, any operation of these applications will intrude the CD recording process and damage your disk.

Defrag your HDD before any CD recording. This is particularly important

When you write files to CD from HDD. Defragment of HDD reallocates all the files so that these relevant files are placed in the nearby clusters. This saves time and risks when CD/DVD burning software is trying to search for the files you want to record on CD.

4.2. Installing Software

For information on installing procedures and how to use the authoring software, please refer to the manual that came with it. If you want to use another type of authoring software not bundled with AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive, please refer to each manual on how to install and operate. Please note that some authoring software or version of authoring software does not support AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive.

-- E-12 --

Specification English

5.

Technical Support

For additional information or help during installation or normal operation of this drive not available in this manual or from our Web site, please contact our dealer where you have purchased this product for support, or you may contact us directly:

AOpen Inc. http://www.aopen.com.tw

AOpen America Inc. http://www.aopen.com

AOpen Computer B.V. http://www.aopen.nl

Please provide product information, including the model name and serial number, computer system information, and/or a detail description of your problem or question by

E-Mail. The AOpen technical support staff will respond as quickly as possible.

5.1. Firmware Upgrade

The AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive uses Flash type firmware, a small piece of software that can be overwritten and updated. To ensure more reliable operations and enhanced performance of the drive, updates to the firmware will be made available. You can download and upgrade the latest version via our Web site regularly at http://www.aopen.com

Confirming the firmware version

For Windows users, the firmware version will not be displayed. Use your writing software to check it.

-- E-13 --

Specification

5.2. Troubleshooting

Write problems

Symptom

No drive recognition

Cannot write

Cannot add writing on

CD-RW

Cannot write at highest speed

Possible Causes

Bad connection between

USB cable and your AOpen

USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R drive.

Using other writing software which not supports your

AOpen USB2.0

DVD+RW/+R drive.

Solutions

Ensure that USB cable is not damaged.

Use the writing software provided with this

DVD+RW/+R drive. When using other software, ensure your DVD+RW/+R drive is supported by contacting the software supplier.

Using other writing software which not supports your

AOpen USB2.0

DVD+RW/+R drive.

Use the writing software provided with this

DVD+RW/+R drive. When using other software, ensure your DVD+RW/+R drive is supported by contacting the software supplier.

Disc inserted upside down.

No power. Check if the power cord is securely connected to the connector.

USB cable isn’t connected properly

Ensure the cable of USB connectors are not damaged.

Install more than one CD writing software simultaneously.

Wrote with another writing software

Remove other writing software. Just keep one software on your hard disk.

If different writing software is used comparing to the previous writing, errors may occur. Use always the same writing software.

Short of CD-RW capacity

(74 min-type) including lead-in, lead-out and

TOC data. Use a new CD-R/RW media if the capacity is insufficient for the additional data.

CD-R/RW media not compatible with the highest speed.

Use the highest speed compatible discs or writ with lower speed.

Defective CD-R/RW media.

damaged. Rewrite on another CD-R/RW media.

Using other writing software not bundled with your

CD-R/RW .

Use the writing software provided with this

DVD+RW/+R drive. When using other software, ensure your DVD+RW/+R drive is supported by contacting the software supplier.

Source Drive not support highest speed on the fly.

Copy all files to hard disk, and then write from hard disk to CD-R. Otherwise, please slow down writing speed.

Source Disc is bad-quality

CD-R/RW disc.

DMA function disable Ensure to enable DMA function on both source and target drives.

-- E-14 --

Specification English

Read problems

Symptom

No drive recognition

No operation

Cannot read photo CD discs

Cannot read CD-I discs

Read error occurs

Excessive noise when reading

Cannot eject tray

Can read only the first session of a multi-session disc

Cannot read the former session of the CD-R/RW disc which has been written at least twice

Possible Causes

USB cable and the

DVD+RW/+R drive not connected properly.

Solutions

Ensure both connectors of USB cable is properly connected to the USB ports on the main board and DVD+RW/+R.

Power is not switched on. lit. If not, there is no power.

No power Check if the power cord is connected securely to the connector.

USB cable isn’t connected properly.

Ensure the USB cable and connectors are not damaged.

Bad photo CD disc. Try to play another photo CD disc and see if it reads fine. If it works, you should replace the defective disc.

Need special application software

Check if install “Kodak Photo CD Access Plus

Software”.

Need special application software

“Close session” was not selected at the previous writing

Check if install application software such as

“Cyberlink Powerplayer”

Defective CD-ROM disc Deep scratches, fingerprints or other contaminates on the discs surface can disable the drive from reading data. Always keep it clean.

Music CD inserted. Because audio compact discs do not have computer data, typing computer commands while an audio CD is in your drive will result in an error message.

Disc inserted upside down. the label side up.

Eccentric disc loaded. Replace it by another one.

Seal attached on the surface.

Detach the seal very carefully. Don’t make any scratches.

Eject locked by software. check if locked on the DVD+RW/+R properly.

CD set incorrectly into tray. eject hole and eject the tray. Use a pair of tweezers or pliers if it won’t eject with emergency eject stick.

Additional session cannot be read because the previous session was not closed. Rewrite on other CD-R/RW media.

“Load Contents” or “Import

Session” was NOT clicked on the software.

If recorded without checked “Load Contents” or

“Import Session”, it is impossible to read. But when using utility software such as “Session

Selection” from Adaptec, the former session can be read.

-- E-15 --

Specification

3

4

5

5.3. How to Contact Us

Dear Customer,

Thanks for choosing AOpen products. To provide the best and fastest service to our customer is our first priority. However, we receive numerous emails and phone-calls worldwide everyday, it is very hard for us to serve everyone on time. We recommend you follow the procedures below and seek help before contact us. With your help, we can then continue to provide the best quality service to more customers.

Thanks very much for your understanding!

AOpen Technical Supporting Team

1

Online Manual

:

Please check the manual carefully and make sure the jumper settings and installation procedure are correct. http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/download/manual/default.htm

2

Test Report

:

We recommend to choose board/card/device from the compatibility test reports for assembling your PC.

http://www.aopen.com/tech/report/default.htm

FAQ

:

The latest FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) may contain a solution to your problem. http://www.aopen.com/tech/faq/default.htm

Download Software

:

Check out this table to get the latest updated

BIOS/utility and drivers. http://www.aopen.com/tech/download/default.htm

News Group

:

Our support engineer or professional users on the news group probably had answered your problem. http://www.aopen.com/tech/newsgrp/default.htm

6

Contact Distributors/Resellers

:

We sell our products through resellers and integrators. They should know your system configuration very well and should be able to solve your problem more efficiently than us. After all, their attitude of service is an important reference for you if next time you want to buy something else from them.

7

Contact Us

:

Please prepare detail system configuration and error symptom before contacting us. The part number , serial number and BIOS version are also very helpful.

-- E-16 --

Specification English

Pacific Rim

AOpen Inc.

Tel: 886-2-3789-5888

Fax: 886-2-3789-5899

Europe

AOpen Computer b.v.

Tel: 31-73-645-9516

Fax: 31-73-645-9604

America

AOpen America Inc.

Tel: 1-510-489-8928

Fax: 1-408-922-2935

China

艾尔鹏国际上海 ( 股 ) 有限公司

Tel: 86-21-6225-8622

Fax: 86-21-6225-7926

Germany

AOpen Computer GmbH.

Tel: +49-1805-559191

Fax: +49-2102-157799

Japan

AOpen Japan Inc.

Tel: 81-048-290-1800

Fax: 81-048-290-1820

Web Site: www.aopen.com

E-mail: Send us email by going through the contact form below.

English http://english.aopen.com/tech/contact

Japanese http://www.aopen.co.jp/tech/contact

Chinese http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact

German http://www.aopencom.de/tech/contact

Simplified Chinese http://www.aopen.com.cn/tech/contact

-- E-17 --

Specification

Appendix A.

Glossary

CD-DA

Compact Disc - Digital Audio. The typical music CD is written with this CD format. At this time, up to 74 minutes of music can be written on a CD. The corresponding standard is the Red Book.

CD-I

Compact Disc - Interactive. This format allows the storage of different types of data such as images, music or video on a CD. The process is defined in the Green Book.

CD-R

Compact Disc - Recordable. A technology for CD-R (recordable) media. Also refer to

CD-WO, Compact Disc - Write Once, limited to just one writing.

CD-ROM

Compact Disc - Read Only Memory. This is described in the Yellow Book. Differing types of data that can be read by a computer such as programs, text, image data or sound may be stored with this CD format.

CD-ROM - Mode 1 and Mode 2

A supplement to the CD-ROM format which provides an additional error recognition and correction function. Mode 1 is especially used for computer data and employs a code for error correction. Mode 2 is used with CD-ROM/ XA and CD-I with audio data and contains an error recognition code only.

CD-ROM/ XA

CD-ROM/ Extended Architecture. This CD format makes it possible to store computer data and audio or video data on one track. The different types of data are linked to each other (Interleaving) so that synchronization problems can be reduced.

CD-RW

Compact Disc - ReWritable. A technology for CD-RW (rewritable) media. It is not limited to just one writing, but may be erased and re-written as often as desired.

CD-WO

CD - Write Once. As the name implies, it is a CD that may only be written on once. Also refer to CD-R.

Disc At Once

Disc At Once is a method for recording of data onto a CD. With this method, the entire

CD is written in a single process. The CD-recorder first writes a Lead-In, then the data block, and finally a Lead-Out. In contrast to Track At Once, linking blocks are not used between the individual tracks with Disc At Once.

-- E-18 --

Specification English

Enhanced Music CD, CD + and CD Extra

An expansion of Audio or Mixed-Mode CD consists of two sessions. The first session corresponds to CD-DA, while the second session consists of computer data. The process is specified in the Blue Book.

Finalization

Finalization is the permanent closing of the writing procedure on a CD. After that, it cannot be written to, regardless of whether it was produced as a single-session or a multi-session CD.

Green Book

A book of CD Interactive (CD-I) standards published by Philips and Sony in 1986

High Sierra

The forerunner of today’s ISO Standard 9660. It was published in 1986. With the passage of time it has lost its significance.

Hybrid Type CD

A CD-ROM disc storing "two different platforms of softwares" for Windows and

Macintosh etc.

Image

The term “image” describes all edited data that will later be located on a CD. The creation of an image file is known as premastering.

ISO 9660

ISO Standard 9660 describes the construction of a CD-ROM, so that it may be read and processed by different types of operating systems.

Joliet

This supplement to the standards comes from Microsoft and is supported by Windows

95 and Windows NT. The CDs that are created under this standard are in conformity with

ISO 9660, which allows long file names based on Unicode in additional directory structures.

Mixed Mode-CD

Music and computer data are stored on one CD with this type of CD. The computer data are generally located on track 1 and audio data are located in the ensuing tracks.

Multi-Session-CD

A CD which is written in several sequential sessions is known as a multi-session CD.

On-The-Fly

A process for burning data onto a CD-R. There are two different methods of doing this.

With the classical and older method, all of the data which are to be recorded onto the CD are first stored in a buffer in a large file known as an image file. From there, they are copied or burned onto the CD-R. In contrast to this, the method known as On-The-Fly transfers the data directly from their original memory locations on a hard drive onto the

CD-R.

-- E-19 --

Specification

Orange Book

The Orange Book is a physical format of recordable CD announced in 1989 by Philips and Sony. The Orange Book describes CD-MO in part-I and CD-R in part-II. Later on part-II was updated. In 1994, version-II was announced for the CD-ROM and its double speed type. In 1996, the standards for phase change optical disc; rewritable CD (CD-RW) was added as part-III.

Photo-CD

A CD format and system devised by Eastman Kodak to record digitized photograph data.

Rainbow Books

The collection of standards which define the different types of CDs. Through these standards, it has been achieved that CDs can be read and processed by as many devices and operating systems of the different manufacturers as possible.

Red Book

A book setting the standards for the Compact Disc physical format and audio recording methods, published by Philips and Sony in 1981.

Session

An inter-related writing procedure is defined as a session. A session consists of the Lead

In area, the data area, and the Lead Out area. A CD can be written with several sessions.

This is then called a multi-session CD, in contrast to a single-session CD that only contains one session. A silver CD generally consists of one session.

TOC

Contents of the Lead-in, this contains the addresses of all the tracks on the CD.

Track

In an Audio-CD, one track corresponds to one piece of music. With a CD-ROM, one track contains computer data and it may have any number of files and folders.

UDF

UDF is short for Universal Disc Format, another file layout standard for CDROM. The

UDF format can use in CD-R, CD-RW, and DVD by Packet writing method, which would not cause "Buffer Under-Run" and can be compatible with ISO9660.The advantage of

UDF is provided similar function like hard disk.

Video CD

A CD-ROM storing MPEG-1-compressed moving pictures, still pictures, audio sounds etc.

Yellow Book

A book of CD-ROM standards published by Philips and Sony in 1985.

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Specification English

Appendix B.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

The following FAQ’s are the most common problems you may find during installation or regular use. Please review these FAQ’s to have your problem solved. In case you do not find any items that answer your problem, please contact your dealer or technical support.

Q: Computer won’t boot up after installation.

Please proceed the following procedures to get your computer back to work:

Check if the power cable attached correctly to each drive.

Q: The AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R doesn’t show up in My Computer or

Explorer.

The following steps will assist you to get your drive to work as a CD-ROM:

If you cannot find AOpen USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R in Explorer, restart your computer, or shut it down and then turn it on again.

Is the DVD+RW/+R receiving power properly? You can test it by pressing eject button to see if the tray opens and closes.

Is the USB2.0 cable connected properly? Be careful to turn off your computer system before checking this item. Check the connection to see if the USB2.0 connector well inserted.

Q: The USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R has problem in reading CD disc, or Error message when double-clicking on the DVD+RW/+R icon.

There are several ways to solve this problem as follows:

The CD disc in the tray may be loaded upside-down, or a little off-center. Try re-loading the CD disc with its label side up.

After loading a CD disc, it will take a moment to let the DVD+RW/+R read the disc information. When the indicator on the front panel stops flashing and stays green, it is ready for access.

If the disc you just loaded is a blank CD disc, try it later after copying some information to the CD.

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Specification

Q: Unable to see a second session reading from a CD-ROM drive.

Eject the CD and re-load it.

Refresh the screen. Select the My Computer icon in Windows Explorer and press F5.

Make sure if your CD-ROM drive reads CD-RW discs. CD-RW discs can only be used in CD-RW or newer MultiRead CD-ROM.

For Windows 3.x users: Windows 3.x cannot read multi-session CD disc that is created by Direct CD. If some other programs create the CD disc, please verify you are using version 2.23 of the MSCDEX.EXE file. First, restart your PC and when you see “Starting MS-DOS…” appear on your monitor, press F8. Each line in your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files will load one at a time.

Press “Y” until you see a line containing “MSCDEX.EXE”, then press “Y” and you will see the version number displayed on monitor. The number shall be

2.23 or greater. In case you cannot find this file, you can download it from

Microsoft's FTP site: ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/Softlib/MSFILES/MSCD223.EXE.

This file is a self-extracted ZIP file, please run it to retrieve MSCDEX.EXE file.

See if the DVD+RW/+R or other CD-ROM drives can read the CD disc properly.

If so, then the problem is probably with the CD-ROM drive. Contact the manufacturer of the drive for updated drivers or patch files.

Q: Applications cannot locate the CD in USB2.0 DVD+RW/+R.

Some programs only locate the first logical drive letter assigned to a CD-ROM or a DVD+RW/+R drive. For example, if your CD-ROM drive is assigned drive

D: and DVD+RW/+R is assigned drive E:, the program locates drive D: only and will not locate drive E:. Thus you need to reassign drive letters to both your

CD-ROM and DVD+RW/+R drives in case you need to run the program in

DVD+RW/+R.

Windows 98/98SE: right-click [My Computer]. Click [Properties] , open [Device

Manager] and double-click [CD-ROM drive], then click [Setting] tab. Under

Reserved drive letters, select the drive letter after the existing letter (for both start and end drive letter) and click [OK]. Then double-click [DVD+RW/+R] icon, then click [Setting] tab. Under Reserved drive letters, select the drive letter before current one and click [OK].

The above are only GENERAL rules that do not necessarily apply to any combination of

CD-ROM drives, HDD and motherboards. A few trials on different configurations before recording are recommended. Also, try out different CD-R media before you proceed to make volumes duplication as you may figure out which brand of CD-R media originates smoother recording and easier access. As long as you find the best CD recording way, stick to it.

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Specification English

Appendix C.

Specification

Interface

Reading speed

Supported Media for writing

Writing speed DVD+RW/+R

CD-R

CD-RW

DVD-ROM

CD-ROM

USB2.0

DVD+RW/+R, CD-R, High Speed CD-RW

2.4x

2x, 4x, 8x, 12x

2x, 4x, 10x

Max. 8x

Max. 32x

Write/Read Norma Speed DVD+RW

CD

3.32MB

150KB/sec, Mode 1 & Mode 2 Form 1

170KB/sec, Mode 2 Form 2

Writing mode

Writing format

DVD+RW/+R

CD-R/RW

DVD+RW/+R

Random Access Write, Sequential Write

Disc At Once, Session At once,

Track At Once, Multi-Session, Packet write

DVD-ROM, DVD-Video, Random Access

Write

Recording Capacity

Error Rate

Average access time

Buffer memory

Data transfer speed

Audio Output Level

Power Consumption

Aoustic Noise

5V Power Supply

12V Power Supply

CD-I, Mixed-ModeCD, VideoCD, PhotoCD,

CD TEXT, Bootable CD

DVD+RW/+R disc 4.7 GB

CD-R disc

CD-RW disc

700/650 MB (Type 80/74)

700/650 MB (Type 80/74)

10 -12 bits or less

DVD

CD

140 msec. (8x)

120 msec. (32x)

2MB

Max. 33MB/sec.

( Ultra DMA Mode2 )

Analog audio output 0.70V ± 0.1Vrms

Digital audio output TTL level

Headphone output 0.70V ± 0.1Vrms

Max.

Idle

Operating

45 dB or less

55 dB or less

Non-operating

Voltage

Ripple

Current

Voltage

Ripple

Current

49 dB or less

DC 5V ± 5%

50mVp-p or less

2.0A (Typ.), 2.5A/15sec. or less (peak)

DC 12V ± 10%

100mVp-p or less

0.7A (Typ.), 1.5A/3sec. or less (peak)

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