AOpen EHB-5232U User Manual


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AOpen EHB-5232U User Manual | Manualzz

Copyright

© Copyright 2003. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of our company. All brand and product names are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Disclaimer

We make no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose.

Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed “as is”. Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not our company., its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further, we reserve the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: y Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. y Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. y Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. y Consult the dealer or an experienced radio / TV technician help.

FCC Warning

Changes or modification not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT

APPAREIL A LASER DE CLASSE 1

LASER KLASSE 1

LOUKAN 1 LASERLAITE

PRODUIT LASER

CATEGORIE 1

Table of Contents

1.

Use Precautions................................................................1

1.1.

Warning for Safety .......................................................................................1

1.2.

Warning as to Use........................................................................................1

2.

Introduction .......................................................................2

2.1.

Overview ......................................................................................................2

2.2.

Features .......................................................................................................2

2.3.

Format Compatibility ....................................................................................3

2.4.

Type of Writing .............................................................................................3

Disc-At-Once...........................................................................................3

Track-At-Once .........................................................................................3

Session-At-Once .....................................................................................3

Multi-session ...........................................................................................4

Packet Write............................................................................................4

3.

Hardware Installation .......................................................5

3.1.

System Requirements ..................................................................................5

3.2.

Hardware Instruction ....................................................................................5

Front Panel..............................................................................................5

Rear Panel ..............................................................................................7

3.3.

Installing USB2.0 Combo drive ....................................................................7

3.4.

DVD Region Coding.....................................................................................9

Supported Discs....................................................................................10

The handling of CD-R and CD-RW Discs .............................................10

4.

Software Installation.......................................................11

4.1.

Before You Start.........................................................................................11

4.2.

Installing Software ......................................................................................11

5.

Technical Support ..........................................................12

5.1.

Firmware Upgrade .....................................................................................12

5.2.

Troubleshooting .........................................................................................13

Appendix A.

Glossary...........................................................15

Appendix B.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) ................18

Use Precautions English

1.

Use Precautions

These precautions explain how to use the device correctly and safely, thereby preventing injury to you or to others. This section relates to your personal safety, and also helps you minimize the risk of damaging the device. Please read carefully before proceeding.

1.1. Warning for Safety y Do not open the device or attempt to disassemble or to modify it. y Do not look inside the device. If you expose your eyes to the laser inside the device, you risk damage or loss of your eyesight. y Do not insert fingers or foreign objects into the device. y Do not expose the device to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet conditions or place containers on it that contain liquids which might spill into any openings. y Follow the Operation Manual carefully. Follow the correct procedure when setting up the device. y If unusual smells, sounds or smoke emanate from the device or if liquids enter the device, switch the computer off immediately and unplug it from the power outlet. y

Make sure the computer is electrically grounded. y

When opening the computer, always unplug the computer from the electrical outlet. Do not touch the plug with wet hands. y

When used in a fan-cooled system, the device should not be exposed to temperatures outside the range of 5 ~ 40 ℃ .

1.2. Warning as to Use

This USB2.0 COMBO drive together with software is a product for utilizing CD-R/RW recording media with rewriting, erasing and readout capabilities, as an external computer memory device. Except in the case where copying of CD-ROMs or the like is especially recognized under the copyrights laws as being for the purpose of individual use by the customer or the like, or in the case where the customer has obtained permission to make copies from the right holder, reproduction of CD-ROMs and copyright laws. Take notice that unauthorized copying may be subject to claims for damages and to penalties.

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Introduction

2.

Introduction

2.1. Overview

Thank you for purchasing this COMBO drive. In this manual, we will explain how to install your COMBO drive correctly. Please read this manual carefully before using the drive.

High Versatility

The COMBO drive is an ideal all-in-one solution for reading CD/DVD/CD-RW, copying audio/software CD’s, creating photo/audio/video CD’s, or acting as a storage drive for archiving or backup. The drive (retail pack only) comes complete with everything you need to make CD’s right away, including bundled software and blank CDs. With this software, you can create your own CDs.

High Reliability

An improved anti-heat design and the OPC design boost recording reliability. Optimum

Power Control continually monitors signal levels during recording and adjusts laser power to compensate for a dirty disc. This feature ensures a flat signal, significantly enhancing reliability.

High Compatibility

The COMBO drive supports all major CD formats, offering full backward-compatibility through the huge installed base of CD/ROM drives and media. What’s more, reordered

CD/RW media can be played in a DVD player with multi-read feature, maintaining future compatibility.

2.2. Features

This high-performance combo drive combines CD-RW and DVD-ROM in one single drive which frees up precious bay space and presents you abundant function. It reads

CDs of all types at maximum 52X speed, and DVD-ROMs at 16x speed maximum. For the writing ability, it writes to CD-Rs at up to 52x speed, and to CD-RWs at up to 32x speed. With the bundled software, you can enjoy the fun of creating customized audio and data CDs and the fascinating DVD entertainment of high resolution. y Bring y Adopts Buffer Under run Prevention technology y Supports writing modes of TAO, DAO, SAO and packet writing y Large internal buffer: 2MB y Supports MultiRead function y Serves as RPC-2 DVD-ROM Drive

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Introduction English y

Smooth DVD playback y Low power consumption y

Front panel rotary volume control y

Back panel analog audio output and digital audio output

2.3. Format Compatibility

This COMBO drive is compatible with the following formats:

”Read” means Data Transfer;

DVD-ROM(DVD-5, DVD-9, DVD-10, DVD-18)

DVD+RW, DVD-RW

Y

Y

* CD-I, Photo-CD requires special reader/player; Photo-CD writing requires Kodak license

2.4. Type of Writing

Disc-At-Once

When only a single recording session (lead in/data/lead out) is to be recorded onto a disk, it is called “Disc-At-Once”.

When using Disc-At-Once, no additional data can be recorded onto the disc, even if there is available capacity.

The advantage of this method recording is that it enables creation of discs that can be played back on almost any CD player or CD-ROM drive, because there are no links inserted between the data tracks.

Track-At-Once

When many sessions are to be recorded onto a disc, it is called “Track-At-Once”. If there is space available on the disc, additional data can be recorded onto it.

The advantages of this method include being able to record additional sessions onto a disc, and using a CD-ROM of backup data. (Refer to “Multisession”.)

Session-At-Once

A "Session-at-Once" recording almost corresponds to a "Disc-at-Once recording", i.e. all data ("Lead-in", data area and "Lead-out" are written in one go.

The only difference is that the CD is not "finished", i.e. after a "Session-at-Once" recording you still have the possibility to write a further "Session" on the CD at a later date.

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Introduction

Multi-session

The recording of lead-in/data/lead-out is referred to as one session. The Disc-At-Once method is also referred to as “Single Session”, because the disc is only recorded once. A disc that has had multiple additional session recorded onto it using the Track-At-Once method is called “Multisession”.

Packet Write

The Packet Write recording method was developed. It differs from Track-At-Once or

Disc-At-Once in that data is recorded in small fixed sectors of 64k bytes, known as packets.

The advantages of this method are elimination in overhead per session and the elimination of buffer under run errors. This method, however, cannot be utilized for audio data. A number of formats, such as UDF and CD-R FS, can be used when recording using the Packet Write method.

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Specification English

3.

Hardware Installation

The installation of USB2.0 Combo drive is fast and easy. Please follow these instructions described below:

3.1. System Requirements

A PC system with the following features is highly recommended for ensuring a stable

USB2.0 Combo performance. y CPU : Pentium II, Celeron 400 MHz or higher y Operating System : Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP y Memory : 64MB recommended y Writing Software :

The drive requires CD writing software to write onto a CD-R/RW disc. When you use the CD writing software, make sure that it supports this drive. y Hard Drive Space :

When writing to a CD-R/RW disc, you will need a working area (200 MB free space) on the hard drive. When creating an image file for all data to write to a

CD-R/RW disc, in addition to the working area, you will need as much hard drive space as that data (up to 1GB in total). However, such hard drive space for the image file is not needed when you are directly writing from a hard drive,

CD-ROM drive or so on (on-the-fly writing). y

USB2 .0 Host controller card (Please be informed that you do not need to own one if your motherboard is equipped with an USB 2.0 controller on it.) y

USB2 .0 certified cable (Included)

3.2. Hardware Instruction

Disc Tray Front Panel

Emergency Eject Hole

Headphone Jack

Volume Control

Play/ Next Button

Busy Indicator LED

Eject Button

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Specification

Don’t use force to pull out or push in the disc tray. This might cause damage to the loading section of the drive. y Disc Tray

This is the tray for the disc. Place the disc on the ejected disc tray, and then slightly push the tray (or push the eject button), the CD will be loaded. y Eject Button

This is the button used to eject or bring in the disc tray. y Busy Indicator

When the disc tray or disc is being accessed, the light shines or flashes orange.

Even when a disc is loaded or a disc is not being accessed, the light goes out.

When an illegal disc is loaded or some hardware trouble occurs, the indicators blinks. y

Headphone Jack

This jack is for connecting headphones or mini-speakers. y

Play / Next Button

When a CD-DA (Music) disc is loaded and the drive is not playing, pressing this button will make the drive start playing from the 1 st

track (song). When the drive is playing, pressing this button will cause the drive to skip to the next track

(song). y Volume Control

This is used to adjust the output volume of the headphone jack. It can’t be used to adjust the output volume for the audio output connectors on the rear panel. y Emergency Eject Hole

When the drive cannot eject the disc tray because of power failure, pushing the emergency eject hole of the front panel by the thin pole make drive be able to eject the disc tray.

This function is only for emergency case. Do not use this function in usual case to prevent from mechanical damage.

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Specification English

Rear Panel

Power Cord

Connector Audio Out Connector

Power Switch

USB Connector y Power Cord Connector

Used to connect to the host computer’s power supply (DC 5V/12V). y Power Switch

Used to turn on or turn of USB2.0 Combo. y

Audio Out Connector

Used to connect to an external speaker, earphone or amplifier. y

USB2.0 Connector

Used to connect the USB certified cable to USB Host controller card.

This Combo drive can be horizontally or vertically installed and operated.

3.3. Installing USB2.0 Combo drive

Please install your USB2.0 Combo according to following steps,

Installing Your Combo drive:

1. First, make sure the power of the drive is turned OFF.

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Specification

2. Plug the power cable and USB cable to your USB2.0 Combo.

3. Connect the other end of the USB cable to the USB2.0 port of your computer.

4. Connect the AC adapter to a properly grounded AC outlet.

5. Now you may turn on the power and the system will detect the new device automatically.

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Specification English

3.4. DVD Region Coding

Region Playback Control Management

All DVD Video Playback systems have “Region Playback Control” management (PRC) which is required by Hollywood movie industry and defined by DVD Forum. This includes

DVD-Video players and PC systems with DVD-Video capability. You can only play

DVD-Video discs with the same region codes as your DVD-Video Playback system.

As for DVD-ROM drives, one kind of the DVD-Video Playback system, there are 2 types:

RPC Phase 1 (as RPC1):

RPC1 drives do not have built-in hardware support for region management. DVD-ROM drives of this kind don’t play a part in controlling the playback region. It solely depends on the decoder.

RPC Phase 2 (as RPC2):

RPC2 drives maintain the region change count information in hardware, and in general, the region of such drives can be changed up to 5 times by the end users under some software decoder (e.g. PowerDVD)

And referring to the region codes, there are 6 regions worldwide, and normally, there is a region code mark on the package of DVD titles.

Region 1: Canada, US

Region 2: Japan, Europe, South Africa, and Middle East (including Egypt)

Region 3: Southeast Asia and East Asia (including Hong Kong)

Region 4: Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Central America, Mexico, South

America, and the Caribbean

Region 5: Eastern Europe, Indian subcontinent, Africa, North Korea, and Mongolia

Region 6: China

About This Combo Drive

This Combo Drive is a RPC2 drive and according to DVD-Forum, PC chip must be designed into DVD-ROM drives to record how many times a user has changed the region code. Once the limit of 5 changes is reached, the drive won’t allow you to change the region code anymore. It means the code will be locked and only those DVD titles of the same region code could be played afterwards, so set the code carefully.

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Specification

Supported CD-R and CD-RW Discs

Supported Discs

This drive can write to discs that carry the following logos:

CD-R discs

This COMBO drive can write to these discs at 8x, 16x, 24x, 32x,

40x, 48x and 52x speed. These discs can be played back in a

CD-ROM drive or a CD player.

CD-RW discs

This COMBO drive can write/re-write at 4x speed on those discs that support 4x speed. These discs can be read/played on a

CD-ROM that supports “Multi-Read”.

High Speed CD-RW discs

This disc allows writing/re-writing at 4x to 10x speeds. This

COMABO drive can write/re-write these discs at 4x, 8x, or 10x speed. These discs can be read/played by a CD-RW drive that bears the High Speed CD-RW logo.

Ultra Speed CD-RW discs

This disc allows writing/re-writing at 8x to 24x speeds. This

COMBO drive can write/re-write these discs at4x, 10x, 12x 16x,

24x or 32x speed. These discs can be read / played by a CD-RW drive that bears the Ultra Speed CD-RW logo.

The handling of CD-R and CD-RW Discs

Please read the following regarding the handling of CD-R and CD-RW discs. y Do not expose the discs to excessive heat such as in direct sunlight or near a heater. Also avoid keeping them in a humid place. y

Do not touch disc surfaces. When handling a disc, hold it by its edges. y

Remove dust and dirt from disc surfaces. Use air-based dust removers. The surfaces may be scratched if wiped with a dry cloth. y

Do not stick labels on disc surfaces. y

Do not write on disc surfaces except where indicated. y

Do not clean discs with chemicals or detergents. y

Do not bend or drop discs

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Specification English

4.

Software Installation

4.1. Before You Start

Please understand that CD recording is a non-interruptible process. Therefore, a stable recording environment is a must. If you have a HDD set up only for CD recording purpose, the recording process shall be smooth.

However, if an extra HDD is not available, you might prefer carrying out the following steps to optimize your Windows 98SE / ME / 2000 / XP recording arrangement: y Close all resident programs that include Anti-Virus, Screen Saver, System

Agent, Power Management, etc. Turn off Auto Insert Notification. Further, maximizing and minimizing windows are not recommended either. If not, any operation of these applications will intrude the CD recording process and damage your disk. y Defrag your HDD before any CD recording. This is particularly important when you write files to CD from HDD. Defragment of HDD reallocates all the files so that these relevant files are placed in the nearby clusters. This saves time and risks when Easy CD Creator is trying to search for the files you want to record on CD.

4.2. Installing Software

For information on installing procedures and how to use the authoring software, please refer to the manual that came with it. If you want to use another type of authoring software not bundled with this COMBO drive, please refer to each manual on how to install and operate. Please note that some authoring software or version of authoring software does not support this COMBO drive.

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Specification

5.

Technical Support

5.1. Firmware Upgrade

The COMBO drive uses Flash type firmware, a small piece of software that can be overwritten and updated. To ensure more reliable operations and enhanced performance of the drive, updates to the firmware will be made available. You can download and upgrade the latest version via our Web site regularly.

Confirming the firmware version

The Windows 98SE users can confirm the firmware version on the COMBO drive property with Device Manager.

For Windows 2000 users, the firmware version will not be displayed. Use your writing software to check it.

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Specification English

5.2. Troubleshooting

Write problems

Symptom

No drive recognition

Cannot write

Cannot add writing on

CD-RW

Cannot write at highest speed

Possible Causes

Bad connection between

Solutions y

Ensure that USB cable is not damaged.

USB cable and your

USB2.0 Combo drive.

Using other writing software which not supports your

USB2.0 Combo drive. y

Use the writing software provided with this

Combo drive. When using other software, ensure your Combo drive is supported by

Using other writing software contacting the software supplier. y

Use the writing software provided with this which not supports your

USB2.0 Combo drive.

Combo drive. When using other software, ensure your Combo drive is supported by

Disc inserted upside down.

No power.

USB cable isn’t connected properly

Install more than one CD writing software simultaneously.

Wrote with another writing software contacting the software supplier. y

Reinsert the disc with label side up. y

Check if the power cord is securely connected to the connector. y

Ensure the cable of USB connectors are not damaged. y

Remove other writing software. Just keep one set of software on your hard disk. y

If different writing software is used comparing to the previous writing, errors may occur. Use

Short of CD-RW capacity always the same writing software. y

Capacity of CD-R/RW media is limited to 650MB

(74 min-type) including lead-in, lead-out and

TOC data. Use a new CD-R/RW media if the

CD-R/RW media not compatible with the highest y capacity is insufficient for the additional data.

Use the highest speed compatible discs or writ with lower speed. speed.

Defective CD-R/RW media.

Using other writing software not bundled with your

CD-R/RW . y

CD-R/RW media may be dirty, scratched or damaged. Rewrite on another CD-R/RW media. y

Use the writing software provided with this

Combo drive. When using other software, ensure your Combo drive is supported by

Source Drive not support highest speed on the fly.

Source Disc is bad-quality

DMA function disable contacting the software supplier. y

Copy all files to hard disk, and then write from hard disk to CD-R. Otherwise, please slow down writing speed. y

Make image files then burn image file onto the

CD-R/RW disc. y

Ensure to enable DMA function on both source and target drives.

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Specification

Read problems

Symptom

No drive recognition

No operation

Cannot read CD-I discs

Read error occurs

Excessive noise when reading

Cannot eject tray

Possible Causes

USB cable and the Combo drive not connected properly.

Power is not switched on.

No power

USB cable isn’t connected properly.

Cannot read photo CD discs Bad photo CD disc.

Need special application software

Need special application software

Defective CD-ROM disc

Music CD inserted.

Disc inserted upside down.

Eccentric disc loaded.

Seal attached on the surface.

Eject locked by software.

CD set incorrectly into tray.

Can read only the first session of a multisession disc

Cannot read the former session of the CD-R/RW disc which has been written at least twice

“Close session” was not selected at the previous writing

“Load Contents” or “Import

Session” was NOT clicked on the software.

Solutions y

Ensure both connectors of USB cable is properly connected to the USB ports on the main board and Combo drive. y

Check if the LED of your Combo drive is lit. If not, there is no power. y

Check if the power cord is connected securely to the connector. y

Ensure the USB cable and connectors are not damaged. y

Try to play another photo CD disc and see if it reads fine. If it works, you should replace the defective disc. y

Check if install “Kodak Photo CD Access Plus

Software”. y

Check if install application software such as

“Cyberlink Powerplayer” y

Deep scratches, fingerprints or other contaminates on the discs surface can disable the drive from reading data. Always keep it clean. y

Because audio compact discs do not have computer data, typing computer commands while an audio CD is in your drive will result in an error message. y

Remove the disc from tray and reinsert it with the label side up. y

Replace it by another one. y

Detach the seal very carefully. Don’t make any scratches. y

When you are working under Windows 9x, check if locked on the Combo drive properly. y

Insert emergency eject stick into the emergency eject hole and eject the tray. Use a pair of tweezers or pliers if it won’t eject with emergency eject stick. y

Additional session cannot be read because the previous session was not closed. Rewrite on other CD-R/RW media. y

If recorded without checked “Load Contents” or

“Import Session”, it is impossible to read. But when using utility software such as “Session

Selection” from Adaptec, the former session can be read.

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Specification English

Appendix A.

Glossary

CD-DA

Compact Disc - Digital Audio. The typical music CD is written with this CD format. At this time, up to 74 minutes of music can be written on a CD. The corresponding standard is the Red Book.

CD-I

Compact Disc - Interactive. This format allows the storage of different types of data such as images, music or video on a CD. The process is defined in the Green Book.

CD-R

Compact Disc - Recordable. A technology for CD-R (recordable) media. Also refer to

CD-WO, Compact Disc - Write Once, limited to just one writing.

CD-ROM

Compact Disc - Read Only Memory. This is described in the Yellow Book. Differing types of data that can be read by a computer such as programs, text, image data or sound may be stored with this CD format.

CD-ROM - Mode 1 and Mode 2

A supplement to the CD-ROM format which provides an additional error recognition and correction function. Mode 1 is especially used for computer data and employs a code for error correction. Mode 2 is used with CD-ROM/ XA and CD-I with audio data and contains an error recognition code only.

CD-ROM/ XA

CD-ROM/ Extended Architecture. This CD format makes it possible to store computer data and audio or video data on one track. The different types of data are linked to each other (Interleaving) so that synchronization problems can be reduced.

CD-RW

Compact Disc - ReWritable. A technology for CD-RW (rewritable) media. It is not limited to just one writing, but may be erased and re-written as often as desired.

CD-WO

CD - Write Once. As the name implies, it is a CD that may only be written on once. Also refer to CD-R.

Disc At Once

Disc At Once is a method for recording of data onto a CD. With this method, the entire

CD is written in a single process. The CD-recorder first writes a Lead-In, then the data block, and finally a Lead-Out. In contrast to Track At Once, linking blocks are not used between the individual tracks with Disc At Once.

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Specification

Enhanced Music CD, CD + and CD Extra

An expansion of Audio or Mixed-Mode CD consists of two sessions. The first session corresponds to CD-DA, while the second session consists of computer data. The process is specified in the Blue Book.

Finalization

Finalization is the permanent closing of the writing procedure on a CD. After that, it cannot be written to, regardless of whether it was produced as a single-session or a multi-session CD.

Green Book

A book of CD Interactive (CD-I) standards published by Philips and Sony in 1986

High Sierra

The forerunner of today’s ISO Standard 9660. It was published in 1986. With the passage of time it has lost its significance.

Hybrid Type CD

A CD-ROM disc storing "two different platforms of softwares" for Windows and

Macintosh etc.

Image

The term “image” describes all edited data that will later be located on a CD. The creation of an image file is known as premastering.

ISO 9660

ISO Standard 9660 describes the construction of a CD-ROM, so that it may be read and processed by different types of operating systems.

Joliet

This supplement to the standards comes from Microsoft and is supported by Windows

95 and Windows NT. The CDs that are created under this standard are in conformity with

ISO 9660, which allows long file names based on Unicode in additional directory structures.

Mixed Mode-CD

Music and computer data are stored on one CD with this type of CD. The computer data are generally located on track 1 and audio data are located in the ensuing tracks.

Multi-Session-CD

A CD which is written in several sequential sessions is known as a multi-session CD.

On-The-Fly

A process for burning data onto a CD-R. There are two different methods of doing this.

With the classical and older method, all of the data which are to be recorded onto the CD are first stored in a buffer in a large file known as an image file. From there, they are copied or burned onto the CD-R. In contrast to this, the method known as On-The-Fly transfers the data directly from their original memory locations on a hard drive onto the

CD-R.

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Specification English

Orange Book

The Orange Book is a physical format of recordable CD announced in 1989 by Philips and Sony. The Orange Book describes CD-MO in part-I and CD-R in part-II. Later on part-II was updated. In 1994, version-II was announced for the CD-ROM and its double speed type. In 1996, the standards for phase change optical disc; rewritable CD (CD-RW) was added as part-III.

Photo-CD

A CD format and system devised by Eastman Kodak to record digitized photograph data.

Rainbow Books

The collection of standards which define the different types of CDs. Through these standards, it has been achieved that CDs can be read and processed by as many devices and operating systems of the different manufacturers as possible.

Red Book

A book setting the standards for the Compact Disc physical format and audio recording methods, published by Philips and Sony in 1981.

Session

An inter-related writing procedure is defined as a session. A session consists of the Lead

In area, the data area, and the Lead Out area. A CD can be written with several sessions.

This is then called a multi-session CD, in contrast to a single-session CD that only contains one session. A silver CD generally consists of one session.

TOC

Contents of the Lead-in, this contains the addresses of all the tracks on the CD.

Track

In an Audio-CD, one track corresponds to one piece of music. With a CD-ROM, one track contains computer data and it may have any number of files and folders.

UDF

UDF is short for Universal Disc Format, another file layout standard for CDROM. The

UDF format can use in CD-R, CD-RW, and DVD by Packet writing method, which would not cause "Buffer Under-Run" and can be compatible with ISO9660.The advantage of

UDF is provided similar function like hard disk.

Video CD

A CD-ROM storing MPEG-1-compressed moving pictures, still pictures, audio sounds etc.

Yellow Book

A book of CD-ROM standards published by Philips and Sony in 1985.

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Specification

Appendix B.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

The following FAQ’s are the most common problems you may find during installation or regular use. Please review these FAQ’s to have your problem solved. In case you do not find any items that answer your problem, please contact your dealer or technical support.

Q: Computer won’t boot up after installation.

Please proceed the following procedures to get your computer back to work: y Turn off and unplug your computer first. Check each connector along both IDE cables. (Bent pins, orientations or bad contacts.) y Check if the power cable attached correctly to each drive.

Q: The Combo drive doesn’t show up in My Computer or Explorer.

The following steps will assist you to get your drive to work as a CD-ROM: y

If you cannot find USB2.0 Combo drive in Explorer, restart your computer, or shut it down and then turn it on again. y

Is the USB2.0 Combo drive receiving power properly? You can test it by pressing eject button to see if the tray opens and closes. y Is the USB2.0 cable connected properly? Be careful to turn off your computer system before checking this item. Check the connection to see if the USB2.0 connector well inserted.

Q: The USB2.0 Combo drive has problem in reading CD disc, or Error message when double-clicking on the Combo drive icon.

There are several ways to solve this problem as follows: y The CD disc in the tray may be loaded upside-down, or a little off-center. Try re-loading the CD disc with its label side up. y After loading a CD disc, it will take a moment to let the Combo drive read the disc information. When the indicator on the front panel stops flashing and stays green, it is ready for access. y

If the disc you just loaded is a blank CD disc, try it later after copying some information to the CD.

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Specification English

Q: Unable to see a second session reading from a CD-ROM drive.

y Eject the CD and re-load it. y Refresh the screen. Select the My Computer icon in Windows Explorer and press F5. y Make sure if your CD-ROM drive reads CD-RW discs. CD-RW discs can only be used in CD-RW or newer MultiRead CD-ROM. y For Windows 3.x users: Windows 3.x cannot read multi-session CD disc that is created by Direct CD. If some other programs create the CD disc, please verify you are using version 2.23 of the MSCDEX.EXE file. First, restart your PC and when you see “Starting MS-DOS…” appear on your monitor, press F8. Each line in your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files will load one at a time.

Press “Y” until you see a line containing “MSCDEX.EXE”, then press “Y” and you will see the version number displayed on monitor. The number shall be

2.23 or greater. In case you cannot find this file, you can download it from

Microsoft's FTP site: ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/Softlib/MSFILES/MSCD223.EXE.

This file is a self-extracted ZIP file, please run it to retrieve MSCDEX.EXE file. y See if the Combo drive or other CD-ROM drives can read the CD disc properly.

If so, then the problem is probably with the CD-ROM drive. Contact the manufacturer of the drive for updated drivers or patch files.

Q: Applications cannot locate the CD in USB2.0 Combo drive.

y Some programs only locate the first logical drive letter assigned to a CD-ROM or a CD-RW drive. For example, if your CD-ROM drive is assigned drive D: and

Combo is assigned drive E:, the program locates drive D: only and will not locate drive E:. Thus you need to reassign drive letters to both your CD-ROM and Combo drives in case you need to run the program in Combo drive. y

Windows 98/98SE: right-click [My Computer]. Click [Properties] , open [Device

Manager] and double-click [CD-ROM drive], then click [Setting] tab. Under

Reserved drive letters, select the drive letter after the existing letter (for both start and end drive letter) and click [OK]. Then double-click [Combo drive] icon, then click [Setting] tab. Under Reserved drive letters, select the drive letter before current one and click [OK].

The above are only GENERAL rules that do not necessarily apply to any combination of

CD-ROM drives, HDD and motherboards. A few trials on different configurations before recording are recommended. Also, try out different CD-R media before you proceed to make volumes duplication as you may figure out which brand of CD-R media originates smoother recording and easier access. As long as you find the best CD recording way, stick to it.

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