ETS-Lindgren 3144 User Manual

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ETS-Lindgren 3144 User Manual | Manualzz

Model 3144

Log Periodic

Dipole Array Antenna

User Manual

ETS-Lindgren L.P. reserves the right to make changes to any product described herein in order to improve function, design, or for any other reason. Nothing contained herein shall constitute ETS-Lindgren L.P. assuming any liability whatsoever arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. ETS-Lindgren L.P. does not convey any license under its patent rights or the rights of others.

© Copyright 1997–2010 by ETS-Lindgren L.P. All Rights Reserved. No part of this document may be copied by any means without written permission from ETS-Lindgren L.P.

Trademarks used in this document: The ETS-Lindgren logo is a trademark of

ETS-Lindgren L.P.

Revision Record

MANUAL 3144 LOG PERIODIC ANTENNA | Part # 399171, Rev. E

Revision Description Date

A–C Initial Release

Updates/edits

Updates/edits

Updates/edits

Rebrand

January, 1997

September, 2002

September, 2010

D

E ii |

Table of Contents

Notes, Cautions, and Warnings ................................................ v

1.0 Introduction .......................................................................... 7

Optional Items ................................................................................................ 8

Support Rod ........................................................................................... 8

Tripod ..................................................................................................... 8

ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin ................................................... 9

2.0 Maintenance ....................................................................... 11

Maintenance Recommendations ................................................................. 11

Annual Calibration ....................................................................................... 11

Service Procedures ..................................................................................... 11

3.0 Specifications ..................................................................... 13

Electrical Specifications ............................................................................... 13

Physical Specifications ................................................................................ 13

4.0 Mounting & Assembly ....................................................... 15

Mounting Instructions ................................................................................... 15

Using Included Mounting Adapters ...................................................... 15

Additional 4-TR Mounting Options ....................................................... 17

Additional 7-TR and Mast Mounting Options ....................................... 18

Additional 2x2 Boom Mounting Options .............................................. 19

Assembly Instructions .................................................................................. 20

5.0 Application ......................................................................... 21

6.0 Typical Data ........................................................................ 23

Model 3144 Antenna Factor ........................................................................ 23

Model 3144 Gain ......................................................................................... 23

Model 3144 VSWR ...................................................................................... 24

Model 3144 Half-Power Beamwidth ............................................................ 24

Model 3144 Forward Power 1M ................................................................... 25

Model 3144 Forward Power 3M ................................................................... 25

Appendix A: Warranty ............................................................. 27

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Notes, Cautions, and Warnings

Note: Denotes helpful information intended to provide tips for better use of the product.

Caution : Denotes a hazard. Failure to follow instructions could result in minor personal injury and/or property damage. Included text gives proper procedures.

Warning : Denotes a hazard. Failure to follow instructions could result in SEVERE personal injury and/or property damage. Included text gives proper procedures.

See the ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin for safety, regulatory, and other product marking information.

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1.0 Introduction

The ETS-Lindgren Model 3144

Log Periodic Dipole Array is a linearly polarized, broadband antenna designed to operate over the frequency range of 80 MHz to 2 GHz.

The choice of scaling factors, the various diameters of each element, and the center-to-center spacing of the booms are such that excellent VSWR characteristics are obtained throughout the operating frequency range.

The precise design of the feed and the positioning of the elements on the boom yield optimum phase relationship. This causes the active region, at any given frequency, to propagate RF energy towards the smaller elements leaving the elements behind it electrically dead.

The constant gain of the antenna yields an antenna factor which varies linearly with frequency. The variation is smooth; therefore, accurate interpolation of performance between specified frequency points is simple.

The Model 3144 is provided with an integral mount and the necessary attachments to mount the antenna to either a tripod (with a 1/4–20 threaded mount) or an ETS-Lindgren antenna mast. For the variety of mounting options available for the Model 3144, see Mounting & Assembly on page 15.

Each Model 3144 is individually calibrated at one meter per SAE ARP 958 and at three and 10 meters per ANSI C63.5. Actual antenna factors and a signed

Certificate of Calibration Conformance are included.

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Optional Items

S UPPORT R OD

Antenna mount with insert drilled to accept ETS-Lindgren or other tripods with standard 1/4–20 threads.

T RIPOD

ETS-Lindgren offers the following non-metallic, non-reflective tripods for use at both indoor and outdoor EMC test sites.

• 4-TR Tripod— Constructed of linen phenolic and delrin, designed with an adjustable center post for precise height adjustments. Maximum height is 2.0 m

(80.0 in), and minimum height is 94 cm

(37.0 in). This tripod can support up to an 11.8 kg (26.0 lb) load.

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• 7-TR Tripod— Constructed of PVC and fiberglass components, providing increased stability for physically large antennas. The unique design allows for quick assembly, disassembly, and convenient storage. Allows several different configurations, including options for manual or pneumatic polarization.

Quick height adjustment and locking wheels provide ease of use during testing. Maximum height is 2.17 m

(85.8 in), with a minimum height of 0.8 m

(31.8 in). This tripod can support a

13.5 kg (30 lb) load.

ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin

See the ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment for the following:

• Warranty information

• Safety, regulatory, and other product marking information

• Steps to receive your shipment

• Steps to return a component for service

• ETS-Lindgren calibration service

• ETS-Lindgren contact information

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2.0 Maintenance

Before performing any maintenance, follow the safety information in the

ETS-Lindgren Product Information

Bulletin included with your shipment.

WARRANTY

Maintenance of the Model 3144 is limited to external components such as cables or connectors.

If you have any questions concerning maintenance, contact ETS-Lindgren

Customer Service.

Maintenance Recommendations

If the Model 3144 Log Periodic Dipole Array Antenna is used outdoors, periodic removal of the antenna cable connection and cleaning of any corrosion may be needed to maintain accuracy of the measurements. An inspection to determine the need for cleaning should be made at least every six months. More frequent inspection may be needed depending on the atmosphere and the environment in which the antenna is used.

Annual Calibration

See the Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment for information on ETS-Lindgren calibration services.

Service Procedures

For the steps to return a system or system component to ETS-Lindgren for service, see the Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment.

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3.0 Specifications

Electrical Specifications

Frequency Range:

Input Impedance:

VSWR:

80 MHz–2 GHz

50 Ohms

Average: 1.2:1

Maximum: 2.0:1

1000 W

+/– 0.5 dB

Type N Female

CW Power:

Symmetry:

Connector:

Physical Specifications

Height:

Width:

Depth:

Weight:

6.4 cm (2.5 in)

213.4 cm (84.0 in)

167.6 cm (66.0 in)

4.3 kg (9.5 lb)

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4.0 Mounting & Assembly

The Model 3144 antennas are precision measurement devices. Handle your antenna with care.

Mount the Model 3144 Log Periodic Dipole Array Antenna first, and then attach the elements to the antenna.

Mounting Instructions

U SING I NCLUDED M OUNTING A DAPTERS

The Model 3144 ships with these mounting adapters:

• 100989 Polarizing Mounting

Adapter with 7/8–14 thread receptacle

If you need to convert the polarizing adapter to a 1/4–20 receptacle, insert the 1/4–20 thread insert into the polarizing adapter

• 105861B 1/4–20 Thread Insert

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To attach the included adapters to the Model 3144:

1. If required, insert the 1/4–20 thread insert into the polarizing adapter.

2. Remove the mounting knob from the mounting bracket on the antenna.

3. Slide the polarizing adapter into the mounting bracket by placing the polarizing adapter placed between the shoulders of the mounting bracket.

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Do not cross thread or permanent damage to the adapter could occur.

4. Thread the mounting knob through the mounting bracket, then through the polarizing adapter, and finally through the hex nut.

5. Tighten the mounting knob to secure the antenna.

6. Attach the polarizing adapter and antenna to tripod or tower, as required.

A DDITIONAL 4-TR M OUNTING O PTIONS

Following are additional options for mounting the Model 3144 onto an

ETS-Lindgren 4-TR tripod. Contact the ETS-Lindgren Sales Department for information on ordering optional mounting hardware.

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A DDITIONAL 7-TR AND M AST M OUNTING O PTIONS

Following are options for mounting the Model 3144 onto an ETS-Lindgren 7-TR

Tripod or mast. Contact the ETS-Lindgren Sales Department for information on ordering optional mounting hardware.

Mast refers to 2070 Series, 2075, and 2175 Antenna Towers.

7-TR refers to 109042 and 108983 booms:

• 109042 boom —Straight boom; for general antenna mounting on a

7-TR.

• 108983 boom —Offset boom; for general antenna mounting on a

7-TR with pneumatic or manual polarization; can also be used to mount stinger-type antennas.

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A DDITIONAL 2 X 2 B OOM M OUNTING O PTIONS

Following are additional options for mounting the Model 3144 onto a 2x2 boom.

Contact the ETS-Lindgren Sales Department for information on ordering optional mounting hardware.

2x2 boom refers to a typical 2-inch by 2-inch boom.

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Assembly Instructions

To facilitate transport, the Model 3144 is shipped with the five longest elements on each side removed. After you mount the antenna, follow these assembly steps:

• Do not cross thread or permanent damage to the antenna and element could occur.

• Do not overtighten or use excessive force or permanent damage to the antenna and element could occur.

1. Carefully thread one of the numbered elements into the corresponding numbered receptacle.

2. Thread the element until it is finger tight.

3. Repeat these steps until all of the numbered elements are mounted.

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5.0 Application

Before connecting any components, follow the safety information in the ETS-Lindgren

Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment.

After mounting the Model 3144 Log Periodic Dipole Array Antenna onto an

ETS-Lindgren tripod or antenna mast adapter, connect an N-type coaxial cable from the antenna connector to a generator (immunity) or receiver (emissions).

Both horizontal and vertical polarizations are easily accomplished when the

Model 3144 is mounted onto a tower or tripod. Due to the length of the low frequency elements, verify element clearance prior to switching the antenna to vertical polarization. Contact with any metallic or non-metallic structure can capacitively load the antenna, which may cause inconsistent results. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure that no part of the dipole elements is in contact with the tripod or tower, particularly in vertically-polarized tests. Where possible, run the feed cable straight at least one meter or more back from the Model 3144 before dropping vertically.

For emissions measurements, electric field strength in db[V/m] is obtained from:

E(dB[V/m])=V(dB[V])+AF(dB[1/m])+

α

(dB)

V = the receiver or spectrum analyzer voltage reading

AF = antenna factor

α

= cable loss in dB, if cable losses are non-negligible

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For immunity testing, the electric field strength generated at a distance d can be approximated by:

E

(

V / m

) =

30 Pg d d = distance, in meters g = numeric gain (10

G[dB]/10

)

P = antenna net input power, in watts

An estimate of the power required for any field strength E can be obtained from

Typical Data on page 23. For any other field strength not shown, multiply the power in watts by the desired E-field squared, or:

P(E V/m) = E

2

P(1 V/m)

Actual transmitted field strength should be verified using an ETS-Lindgren electric field probe, or equivalent.

For IEC/EN 31000-4-3 type testing, the antenna tip can be placed at any distance between one and three meters from the EUT as long as the front face plane is illuminated according to the -0, +6 dB uniform field specification. In general, closer distances require less power to create a given field strength.

22 |

6.0 Typical Data

Model 3144 Antenna Factor

Model 3144 Gain

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Model 3144 VSWR

Model 3144 Half-Power Beamwidth

24 |

Model 3144 Forward Power 1M

Model 3144 Forward Power 3M

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Appendix A: Warranty

See the Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment for the complete ETS-Lindgren warranty for your Model 3144.

D URATION OF W ARRANTIES FOR M ODEL 3144

All product warranties, except the warranty of title, and all remedies for warranty failures are limited to two years.

Product Warranted

Model 3144 Log Periodic Dipole

Array Antenna

Duration of Warranty Period

2 Years

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