Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20) Operating Instructions


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Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20) Operating Instructions | Manualzz

Original operating instructions

Document number: 150001333_00_en

Version: 08/02/2021

MT203-20

Front mounted mowers

EasyCut F 280 Highland

From machine number: 1050400

Contact

Maschinenfabrik Bernard Krone GmbH & Co. KG

Heinrich-Krone-Straße 10

48480 Spelle

Germany

Telephone main office

Telefax main office

Telefax spare parts warehouse national territory

+ 49 (0) 59 77/935-0

+ 49 (0) 59 77/935-339

+ 49 (0) 59 77/935-239

Telefax spare parts warehouse export + 49 (0) 59 77/935-359

Internet www.landmaschinen.krone.de

https://mediathek.krone.de/

Information for enquiries and orders

Year

Machine number

Type

Contact data of your dealer

2

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Table of contents

3

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

4

4.1

4.1.1

4.1.2

5

5.1

6

2

2.4.10

2.4.11

2.4.12

2.4.13

2.4.14

2.4.15

2.4.16

2.4.17

2.4.18

2.4.19

2.4.20

2.5

2.5.1

2.5.2

2.5.3

2.6

2.7

2.8

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.4.1

2.4.2

2.4.3

2.4.4

2.4.5

2.4.6

2.4.7

2.4.8

2.4.9

1

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.5.1

1.5.2

1.5.3

1.5.4

1.5.5

1.5.6

1.5.7

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Information on This Document.................................................................................................  6

Validity .........................................................................................................................................  6

Re-ordering ..................................................................................................................................  6

Applicable documents..................................................................................................................  6

Target group of this document .....................................................................................................  6

How to use this document ...........................................................................................................  6

Directories and references...........................................................................................................  6

Information on direction ...............................................................................................................  7

Term “machine”............................................................................................................................  7

Figures .........................................................................................................................................  7

Scope of the document ................................................................................................................  7

Means of representation ..............................................................................................................  7

Conversion table ..........................................................................................................................  9

Safety ........................................................................................................................................  11

Intended use ..............................................................................................................................  11

Reasonably foreseeable misuse................................................................................................  11

Service life of the machine.........................................................................................................  12

Basic safety instructions ............................................................................................................  12

Importance of operating instructions..........................................................................................  12

Personnel qualification of the operating personnel ....................................................................  12

Personnel qualification of the technicians..................................................................................  13

Children in danger .....................................................................................................................  13

Connecting the machine ............................................................................................................  13

Structural modifications on the machine ....................................................................................  13

Additional equipment and spare parts .......................................................................................  13

Jobs on the machine..................................................................................................................  14

Operational safety: Technically sound condition .......................................................................  14

Danger zones ............................................................................................................................  15

Ensuring functionality of safety devices .....................................................................................  17

Personal protective equipment ..................................................................................................  17

Safety markings on the machine ...............................................................................................  18

Road safety................................................................................................................................  18

Parking the machine safely .......................................................................................................  19

Consumables .............................................................................................................................  19

Dangers arising from environment.............................................................................................  20

Sources of danger on the machine ............................................................................................  20

Dangers in connection with certain activities: Working on the machine ....................................  21

Behaviour in dangerous situations and in case of accidents .....................................................  23

Safety routines ...........................................................................................................................  23

Shutting down and safeguarding the machine...........................................................................  23

Securing raised machine and machine parts against lowering..................................................  23

Carrying out oil level check and oil and filter element changes safely.......................................  24

Safety labels on the machine.....................................................................................................  24

Information labels on the machine .............................................................................................  28

Safety features...........................................................................................................................  30

Machine Description................................................................................................................  31

Machine overview ......................................................................................................................  31

Overload protections on the machine ........................................................................................  32

Labelling ....................................................................................................................................  32

Warning panels ..........................................................................................................................  34

Intermediate universal shaft.......................................................................................................  34

Technical data ..........................................................................................................................  36

Consumables .............................................................................................................................  36

Oils.............................................................................................................................................  37

Lubricating greases ...................................................................................................................  37

Control and Display Elements ................................................................................................  38

Hydraulic control units of the tractor ..........................................................................................  38

Commissioning ........................................................................................................................  39

3

Table of contents

10

10.1

10.2

10.3

10.4

11

11.1

11.1.1

11.1.2

11.1.3

11.1.4

11.1.5

11.1.6

11.2

11.3

11.4

11.5

8.4

8.4.1

8.4.2

8.5

8.6

8.7

8.8

8.9

9

9.1

9.2

9.3

9.3.1

9.3.2

7

7.1

7.2

7.3

7.4

7.5

7.6

7.7

7.8

7.9

6.1

6.2

6.3

6.4

6.5

6.6

8

8.1

8.1.1

8.1.2

8.2

8.2.1

8.2.2

8.3

8.3.1

8.3.2

4

Checklist for initial operation ......................................................................................................  39

Mounting the universal shaft on the machine ............................................................................  40

Mounting lighting system ...........................................................................................................  40

Adapting coupling points............................................................................................................  41

Adjusting the gearbox ................................................................................................................  43

Adapting universal shaft ............................................................................................................  44

Start-up .....................................................................................................................................  46

Calculating the ballasting of the tractor-machine combination ..................................................  46

Preparing tractor ........................................................................................................................  49

Connecting machine to tractor ...................................................................................................  50

Checking/setting parallel lifting ..................................................................................................  51

Mounting relief springs...............................................................................................................  52

Connecting hydraulic hoses.......................................................................................................  55

Connecting road travel lighting ..................................................................................................  56

Installing universal shaft ............................................................................................................  57

Checking front end dimension ...................................................................................................  57

Operation ..................................................................................................................................  58

Front guard ................................................................................................................................  58

Folding up the front guard..........................................................................................................  58

Fold down the front guard ..........................................................................................................  59

Side guard - for the “series” version ..........................................................................................  60

Folding up the side guard - for "Series" version (transport position)..........................................  60

Folding down the side guard - for "Series" version (working position).......................................  61

Side guard - for version with “hydraulically folding side guards”................................................  61

Folding up the side guard – in version "hydraulically folding side guards" (transport position) .  61

Folding down the side guard – in version "hydraulically folding side guards" (working position)

...................................................................................................................................................  62

Warning panel............................................................................................................................  62

Folding down warning panel (transport position) .......................................................................  62

Folding up warning panel (working position) .............................................................................  63

Locking/releasing stop cock.......................................................................................................  63

Lowering machine from transport position to working position ..................................................  64

Raising machine from working position to transport position.....................................................  64

Field mode .................................................................................................................................  64

Hydraulic transverse movement ................................................................................................  65

Driving and Transport .............................................................................................................  66

Preparing the machine for road travel .......................................................................................  67

Parking the machine ..................................................................................................................  68

Preparing the machine for shipment ..........................................................................................  69

Lifting the machine.....................................................................................................................  69

Lashing the machine..................................................................................................................  70

Settings.....................................................................................................................................  71

Setting the cutting height ...........................................................................................................  71

Telescopic top link .....................................................................................................................  72

Adjusting the relief spring(s) ......................................................................................................  73

Setting the safety device............................................................................................................  75

Maintenance - General Information........................................................................................  76

Maintenance table .....................................................................................................................  76

Maintenance – Before the season .............................................................................................  76

Maintenance – After the season ................................................................................................  77

Maintenance - Once after 50 hours ...........................................................................................  77

Maintenance - Every 10 hours, but at least once a day.............................................................  77

Maintenance - Every 50 hours ...................................................................................................  78

Maintenance - Every 200 hours .................................................................................................  78

Tightening torques .....................................................................................................................  78

Deviating tightening torques ......................................................................................................  81

Venting the friction clutch...........................................................................................................  81

Checking guard cloths ...............................................................................................................  84

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

18

19

20

14

14.1

14.2

14.2.1

14.2.2

14.2.3

14.3

14.4

15

15.1

15.2

16

16.1

17

17.1

17.2

17.3

17.4

17.4.1

11.6

12

12.1

12.2

13

13.1

13.2

13.3

Table of contents

Cleaning the machine ................................................................................................................  84

Maintenance - Hydraulic System............................................................................................  85

Hydraulic oil ...............................................................................................................................  86

Checking hydraulic hoses ..........................................................................................................  86

Maintenance - Gearbox ...........................................................................................................  87

Overview of gearboxes ..............................................................................................................  87 input gearbox .............................................................................................................................  87

Main gearbox .............................................................................................................................  88

Maintenance - Cutterbar..........................................................................................................  90

Rotary hub .................................................................................................................................  90

Check/change blades ................................................................................................................  90

Checking the blade for wear ......................................................................................................  91

Changing blades for the “blade screw connection” version .......................................................  92

Changing blades for the “blade quick fastener” version ............................................................  93

Checking/replacing linings on cutterbar .....................................................................................  93

Checking oil level .......................................................................................................................  94

Maintenance - Lubrication ......................................................................................................  96

Lubricating universal shaft .........................................................................................................  97

Lubrication chart - Machine .......................................................................................................  97

Malfunction, cause and remedy .............................................................................................  99

General disturbances.................................................................................................................  99

Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians ...........................................................  100

Replacing the shear bolt at the rotary hub ...............................................................................  100

Checking/replacing retaining bolts ...........................................................................................  102

Checking/replacing blade carrier .............................................................................................  102

Checking/replacing cutting discs/mower drums.......................................................................  103

Checking the wear limit on cutting discs/mower drums ...........................................................  104

Waste disposal.......................................................................................................................  105

Index........................................................................................................................................  106

Declaration of conformity .....................................................................................................  111

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 5

1

1.1

1

Information on This Document

Validity

Information on This Document

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.5.1

Validity

This document is valid for machines of type:

MT203-20 (EasyCut F 280 Highland)

All information, illustrations and technical data in this document correspond to the latest state at the time of publication.

We reserve the right to make design changes at any time and without notification of reasons.

Re-ordering

You can request a replacement document if this document became completely or partly unusable, or if you need it in a different language. Please specify the document number shown on the cover page in your order. Alternatively, you can download the document online from

KRONE MEDIA https://media.krone.de

.

Applicable documents

To ensure that the machine is used safely and as intended, observe the following further applicable documents.

• Operating instructions for universal shaft

• Assembly instructions, KRONE

• Spare parts list, KRONE

Target group of this document

This document aims at the operator of the machine who fulfills the minimum requirements of personnel qualification,

see Page 12 .

How to use this document

Directories and references

Contents/headers

The contents and headers in this document ensure quick orientation in the chapters.

Index

The index contains catchwords in alphabetical order which enable to find information on a desired topic easily. The index can be found on the last pages of this document.

Cross references

Cross references to another place in the document or to another document are in the text with page number.

6

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

1.5.2

1.5.3

1.5.4

1.5.5

1.5.6

Information on This Document

How to use this document

Examples:

Check the tight seat of all screws on the machine, see Page 7

. ( INFO : If you use an electronic version of this document, click on the link to go to the specified page.)

• For further information, refer to the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

1

1.5

Information on direction

Directional information in this document, such as front, rear, right and left, applies in the direction of travel of the machine.

Term “machine”

Throughout the rest of this document, the “front mounted mower” will also be referred to as the

“machine”.

Figures

The figures in this document do not always represent the exact machine type. The information that refers to the figure always corresponds to the machine type of this document.

Scope of the document

In addition to standard equipment, accessories kits and versions of the machine are described in this document. Your machine may deviate from this document.

Means of representation

Icons in the text

The following means of representation (icons) are used to present the text more clearly:

This arrow characterizes an action step . Several arrows in a row identify a sequence of actions to be performed step by step.

This icon identifies a prerequisite that has to be fulfilled to perform an action step or a sequence of actions.

This arrow marks the intermediate result of an action step.

This arrow identifies the result of an action step or sequence of actions.

This bullet point identifies an enumeration . If the bullet point is intended, it identifies the second level of the enumeration.

Icons in figures

The following icons can be used in illustrations:

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 7

8

1

1.5

Information on This Document

How to use this document

Icon

1

X

LH

Explanation

Reference sign for part

Dimensions (e. g. also W = width,

H = height, L = length)

Left side of machine

Direction of travel

Reference line for visible material

Centre line

Open

Apply liquid lubricant (e.g. lubricating oil)

Icon

I

RH

Explanation

Position of a part (e.g. move from position I to position II)

Magnification of display detail

Right side of machine

Direction of motion

Reference line for covered material

Cable routes

Closed

Apply lubricating grease

Warning signs

Warnings of dangers are separated from the remaining text as warning signs and are identified with a danger sign and signal words.

The warning signs must be read and the measures must be observed in order to prevent personal injury.

Explanation of danger sign

This is the danger sign that warns of a risk of injury.

Please observe all notes marked with the danger sign in order to avoid injuries or death.

Explanation of signal words

DANGER

The signal word DANGER warns of a hazardous situation which will result in serious injuries or death if the warning sign is ignored.

WARNING

The signal word WARNING warns of a hazardous situation which will result in serious injuries or death if the warning sign is ignored.

CAUTION

The signal word CAUTION warns of a hazardous situation which will result in minor to moderate injuries if the warning sign is ignored.

Example of a warning sign:

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

1.5.7

Information on This Document

How to use this document

1

1.5

WARNING

Eye damage caused by flying dirt particles

When cleaning with compressed air, dirt particles are ejected at high speed and could get into the eyes. Therefore eyes could be hurt.

„ Keep people away from the working area.

„ Wear personal protective equipment when performing cleaning work with compressed air

(e.g. eye protection).

Warnings of property damage/environmental damage

Warnings of property/environmental damage are separated from the remaining text and marked with "Notice".

Example:

NOTICE

Gearbox damage due to low oil level

The gearboxes could be damaged when the oil level is too low.

„ Check gear oil level at regular intervals and top up oil, if necessary.

„ Check gear oil level approx. 3 to 4 hours after the machine has been switched off. Check oil level only when machine is in horizontal position.

Notes with information and recommendations

Additional information and recommendations for trouble-free and productive operation of the machine are separated from the remaining text and marked with “Information”.

Example:

INFO

Each safety label is provided with an order number and can be ordered directly from the manufacturer or from the authorized specialist dealer.

Conversion table

The following table can be used to convert metric units into US units.

Size

Area

Volume flow Litres per minute L/min

Cubic metres per hour m³/h

Force

Length

Power

SI units (metric)

Unit name Abbreviation

Hectare ha

Newton

Millimetre

Metre

Kilowatt

N mm m kW

Factor

2.47105

0.2642

4.4029

0.2248

0.03937

3.2808

1.3410

Inch-pound units

Unit name

Acre

US gallons per minute

Pound force

Inch

Foot

Horsepower

Abbreviation acres gpm lbf in.

ft.

hp

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 9

1

1.5

Information on This Document

How to use this document

Size

Pressure

Torque

SI units (metric)

Unit name Abbreviation

Kilopascal kPa

Megapascal bar (non-SI)

Newtonmeter

MPa bar

Nm

Factor

0.1450

145.0377

14.5038

0.7376

Temperature Degrees Celsius °C

Velocity

Volumes

Weight

Metres per minute

Metres per second

Kilometres per hour

Litres

Millilitre

Cubic centimetre

Kilogram m/min m/s km/h

L ml cm³ kg

8.8507

°Cx1.8+32

3.2808

3.2808

0.6215

0.2642

0.0338

0.0610

2.2046

Inch-pound units

Unit name Abbreviation

Pounds per square inch psi pound-foot or foot-pound ft∙lbf pound-inch or inch-pound

Degrees

Fahrenheit in∙lbf

°F

Feet per minute ft/min

Feet per second ft/s

Miles per hour mph

US gallon

US ounce

Cubic inch

US gal.

US oz.

in³

Pound lbs

10

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

2

2.1

2.2

Safety

Intended use

2

2.1

Safety

Intended use

This machine is a mower and is used to mow crops.

The crops designated for the intended use of this machine are stalk and leaf crops growing on the ground.

The machine is designed exclusively for use in agriculture and may only be used when

• all safety devices are available according to the operating instructions and are located in the protective position.

• all safety instructions of the operating instructions have been observed and complied with,

both in chapter “Basic safety instructions”, see Page 12 , and directly in the chapters of the

operating instructions.

The machine may be used only by people who satisfy the personnel qualification requirements

designated by the machine manufacturer, see Page 12

.

These operating instructions are part of the machine and must therefore be at hand when the machine is in use. The machine may be operated only when the operator has received training and in compliance with these operating instructions.

If the machine is used for applications which are not described in these operating instructions, this may result in serious injuries or death and damage to the machine and other property.

Unauthorised modifications to the machine may affect the properties of the machine or disrupt the proper operation. For this reason, unauthorised modifications shall exclude any liability of the manufacturer for consequential damage.

The intended use shall also include the adherence to the operating, maintenance and repair conditions set by the manufacturer.

Reasonably foreseeable misuse

Any use beyond the intended use

see Page 11 is regarded as improper use and is therefore

misuse according to the Machinery Directive. The manufacturer is not liable for damage resulting from this, the user alone bears the risk.

Such misuse is for example:

Processing of crops which are outside the intended use of the machine, see Page 11

• Transport of people

• Transport of goods

• Exceeding the permitted technical gross weight

• Non-compliance with the safety labels on the machine and safety notes in the operating instructions

• Performing troubleshooting, setting, cleaning, repair and maintenance work contrary to the information in the operating instructions

• Unauthorised modifications to the machine

• Attachment of unauthorised or unapproved additional equipment

• Use of spare parts which are not KRONE original spare parts

• Stationary operation of the machine

Unauthorised modifications to the machine may affect the properties of the machine or disrupt proper operation. For this reason, unauthorised modifications will exclude any liability of the manufacturer for consequential damage.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 11

2

2.3

2.3

Safety

Service life of the machine

Service life of the machine

• The service life of this machine depends on its proper operation and maintenance as well as the operating and harvesting conditions.

• By heeding the instructions and information in these operating instructions, permanent operational readiness and a long service life of the machine can be achieved.

• After each operating season, inspect the entire machine for wear and other damage.

• Replace damaged and worn components before recommissioning the machine.

• Carry out a full technical inspection of the machine after five years of machine operation and make a decision on further machine usage taking the results of this inspection into account.

• Theoretically, the service life of this machine is unlimited as all worn or damaged components can be replaced.

2.4

Basic safety instructions

Non-compliance with the safety instructions and warnings

Non-compliance with the safety instructions and warnings may result in injuries and damage to the environment and property.

2.4.1

2.4.2

Importance of operating instructions

The operating instructions are an important document and a part of the machine. They are intended for the user and contain information that is relevant to safety.

Only the procedures specified in the operating instructions are safe. If the operating instructions are not followed, there is a risk of serious or even fatal injuries.

„ Prior to using the machine for the first time, read and observe the "Basic safety notices" completely.

„ Prior to starting work, read and observe the respective sections in the operating instructions too.

„ Keep the operating instructions ready to hand for the user of the machine in the document storage tube,

see Page 31 .

„ Hand over the operating instructions to subsequent users.

Personnel qualification of the operating personnel

If the machine is not used properly, people may be seriously injured or killed. To avoid accidents, each person who works with the machine must satisfy the following minimum requirements:

• He is physically capable of controlling the machine.

• He can work safely with the machine in accordance with these operating instructions.

• He understands the method of operation of the machine within the scope of his work and can identify and avoid the dangers associated with the work.

• He has read the operating instructions and can implement the information in the operating instructions accordingly.

• He is familiar with driving vehicles safely.

• For road travel he has adequate knowledge of the highway code and has the stipulated driving licence.

12

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

2.4.3

2.4.4

2.4.5

2.4.6

2.4.7

Safety

Basic safety instructions

2

2.4

Personnel qualification of the technicians

If the work (assembly, conversion, modification, extension, repairs, retrofitting) is performed improperly on the machine, people may be seriously or fatally injured. To avoid accidents, everyone who performs work according to these instructions must meet the following minimum requirements:

• Qualified professional, with relevant training.

• Capable of assembling the (partially) disassembled machine according to the assembly instructions provided by the manufacturer.

• He is capable, e.g. by attending a training course, of extending, modifying or repairing the function of the machine according to the relevant instructions provided by the manufacturer.

• He has read the operating instructions and can implement the information in the operating instructions accordingly.

• Ability to perform the work safely according to these instructions.

• Understands the mode of operation of the work to be performed and the machine and is able to identify and avoid risk in carrying out the necessary work.

• Has read these instructions and is able to implement the information explained in these instructions accordingly.

Children in danger

Children are not in a position to assess dangers and behave unpredictably.

Thus children are particularly at risk.

„ Keep children away from the machine.

„ Keep children away from consumables.

„ Make sure that there are no children in the danger zone, especially when starting and triggering machine movements.

Connecting the machine

When tractor and machine are not correctly connected, there is a risk of causing serious accidents.

„ When connecting, follow all operating instructions:

• the operating instructions of the tractor

the operating instructions of the machine, see Page 46

• the operating instructions of universal shaft

„ Observe the changed driving behaviour of the combination.

Structural modifications on the machine

Structural changes and enhancements may impair the functionality and operational safety of the machine. People may be seriously injured or killed as a result.

Structural changes and enhancements are not permitted.

Additional equipment and spare parts

Additional equipment and spare parts that do not correspond to the requirements of the manufacturer may affect the operational safety of the machine and cause accidents.

„ To ensure operational safety, use original parts or standard parts which correspond to the requirements of the manufacturer.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 13

2

2.4

2.4.8

Safety

Basic safety instructions

Jobs on the machine

2.4.9

Passengers

Passengers may be seriously injured by the machine or fall off the machine and run over.

Ejected objects may strike and injure passengers.

„ Never carry passengers on the machine.

Operational safety: Technically sound condition

Operation only after proper commissioning

The operational safety of the machine is not guaranteed without proper commissioning in accordance with these operating instructions. This may result in accidents and people may be seriously or fatally injured.

„ Use the machine only after proper commissioning,

see Page 46 .

Technically sound state of the machine

Improper maintenance and setting could influence the operational safety of the machine and cause accidents. Thus there is a risk of serious injuries or death.

„ All maintenance and setting work must be performed according to the chapters

“Maintenance and Setting”.

„ Before performing any maintenance and setting work, shut down and safeguard the machine,

see Page 23

.

Danger resulting from damage to the machine

Damage to the machine may impair the operational safety of the machine and cause accidents.

As a result, people may be seriously injured or killed. The following parts of the machine are particularly important for safety:

• Safety Devices

• Connecting devices

• Lighting

• Hydraulics

• Universal shaft

If there are doubts about the operational safety of the machine, for example due to an unexpected change to the operational behaviour, visible damage or leaking consumables:

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Immediately eliminate potential causes of damage, for example heavy soiling, or tighten slack screws.

„ In case of damage which may affect operational safety and cannot be repaired according to these operating instructions: Have damage repaired by a qualified service centre.

14

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Safety

Basic safety instructions

2

2.4

Technical limit values

If the technical limit values of the machine are not observed, the machine may be damaged. As a result, accidents may occur and people may be seriously or fatally injured. With regard to safety, it is especially important to observe the following technical limit values:

• maximum permitted operating pressure of the hydraulics

• maximum permitted drive speed

• maximum permitted axle loads of the tractor

• maximum permitted transport height and width

„

Comply with limit values, see Page 36 .

2.4.10

Danger zones

If the machine is switched on, its surrounding can present a danger zone.

Avoid entering the danger zone of the machine by observing the minimum safety distance.

If the safety distance is not observed, people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ Do not switch on the drives and engine if the minimum safety distance has not been observed.

„ If people fail to observe the minimum safety distance, switch off the drives.

„ Switch the machine off in shunting and field mode.

The safety distance is:

For machine in shunting and field mode

In front of the machine

Behind the machine

On either side of the machine

30 m

5 m

3 m

For machine switched on without driving motion

In front of the machine 3 m

Behind the machine 5 m

On either side of the machine 3 m

The safety distances specified here are minimum distances in terms of intended use. If necessary, these safety distances must be increased according to the operating and ambient conditions.

„ Before working in front of and behind the tractor and in the danger zone of the machine:

Shut down and secure the machine, see Page 23 . This also applies to brief inspection

work.

„ Consider the information in all relevant operating instructions:

• the operating instructions of the tractor

• the operating instructions of the machine

• the operating instructions of universal shaft

Danger zone universal shaft

People may be caught, pulled in and seriously injured by the universal shaft.

„ Observe operating instructions of universal shaft.

„ Ensure sufficient overlap of section tube and universal shaft guards.

„ Make sure that the universal shaft guards are mounted and that they are fully functional.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 15

2

2.4

Safety

Basic safety instructions

„ Allow the universal shaft locks to engage. There must be no areas of the locking device on the PTO shaft fork which could cause catching or entrapment (e.g. by annular design, protective collar around the locking pin).

„ Attach chains to prevent the universal shaft guards from rotating with the shaft.

„ Make sure that there is no one in the danger zone of PTO shaft and universal shaft.

„ Ensure that the selected speed and direction of rotation of the PTO shaft of the tractor match the permitted speed and direction of rotation of the machine.

„ Switch off the PTO shaft when the angles between the universal shaft and the PTO shaft are too large. The machine may be damaged. Parts may be hurled up and cause injury to people.

Danger zone PTO shaft

People may be caught, pulled in and seriously injured by the PTO shaft and the driven components.

Before switching on the PTO shaft:

„ Ensure that all protective devices are mounted and brought into protective position.

„ Make sure that there is no one in the danger zone of PTO shaft and universal shaft.

„ Switch off drives if they are not needed.

Danger zone between tractor and machine

People standing between the tractor and machine may be seriously injured or killed if the tractor rolls away or by carelessness or machine movements:

„ Before carrying out any work between the tractor and the machine: Always turn off and

secure the machine, see Page 23

. This also applies to brief inspection work.

„ If the lifting device must be actuated, instruct all people to keep away from the range of movement of the lifting device.

Danger zone ejected objects

Crops and foreign bodies may be forcefully flung out and injure or kill people.

„ Before starting the machine, instruct all people to leave the danger zone of the machine.

„ If people are in the danger zone of the machine, immediately switch off drives and diesel engine.

Danger zone when drive is switched on

When the drive is switched on, there is a danger to life caused by rotating machine parts.

Ensure that there are no persons in the danger zone of the machine.

„ Before starting the machine, instruct all people to leave the danger zone of the machine.

„ In case of dangerous situations, immediately switch off drives and instruct people to leave the danger zone.

Danger zone due to trailing machine parts

If machine parts are trailing, people may be seriously injured or killed.

16

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Safety

Basic safety instructions

After the drives have been switched off, the following machine parts will trail:

• Universal shafts

• Cutting discs

• Conditioner

• Conveying devices

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Do not attempt to approach the machine until all moving machine parts have come to a standstill.

2

2.4

2.4.11

Ensuring functionality of safety devices

If safety devices are missing or damaged, people may be seriously injured or killed by moving machine parts.

„ Replace damaged safety devices.

„ Mount dismounted safety devices and machine parts again before start-up and move them to protective position.

„ If it is doubtful whether all safety devices have been correctly installed and are functional, have a service centre check them.

Keeping universal shaft guard functional

The overlap of universal shaft and protective cap on the machine must not be less than 50 mm.

This minimum overlap is also required for protective devices of wide-angle universal shaft and if couplings or other components are used. If the operator has to reach between the universal shaft guard and the protective cap to connect the universal shaft, the clearance on one level must be at least 50 mm. On all levels the clearance must be no more than 150 mm.

2.4.12

Personal protective equipment

The wearing of personal protective equipment is an important safety measure. Missing or unsuitable personal protective equipment increases health risks and injuries.

Personal protective equipment includes, for example:

• Suitable protective gloves

• Safety shoes

• Tight-fitting protective clothing

• Hearing protection

• Protective goggles

• If dust is generated: appropriate breathing protection

„ Specify and provide personal protective equipment for the particular job.

„ Use only personal protective equipment which is in proper condition and offers effective protection.

„ Adjust personal protective equipment to the person, for example the size.

„ Remove unsuitable clothing and jewellery (e.g. rings, necklaces) and cover long hair with a hairnet.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 17

2

2.4

2.4.13

Safety

Basic safety instructions

Safety markings on the machine

Safety labels on the machine warn of hazards at danger points and are an important component of the machine's safety equipment. Missing safety labels increase the risk of serious and fatal injuries.

„ Clean dirty safety labels.

„ After each cleaning, check to ensure that the safety labels are complete and legible.

„ Immediately replace missing, damaged and unrecognisable safety labels.

„ Label spare parts with the required safety labels.

Descriptions, explanations and order numbers of the safety labels,

see Page 24 .

2.4.14

Road safety

Dangers during road travel

Other road users can be put at risk when you drive on public roads and the machine is not properly illuminated and/or exceeds the maximum dimensions and weights laid down by national law.

„ Prior to driving on public roads, ensure that the maximum permissible dimensions, weights and axle, support and trailer loads are not exceeded which are applicable under national law for driving on public roads.

„ Before driving on roads, switch on the road travel lighting and ensure that it functions properly.

„ Before driving on roads, close all stop cocks for the hydraulic supply to the machine between tractor and machine.

„ Before driving on roads, move the tractor control units to the neutral position and lock them.

Danger when driving on road and field

Hitched and mounted machines change the handling characteristics of the tractor. The handling characteristics depend for instance on operating state and ground. If changed handling characteristics are not considered, the driver may cause accidents.

„ Observe measures for driving on road and field,

see Page 66 .

Dangers if the machine is not prepared properly for road travel

If the machine is not prepared properly for road travel, serious accidents may occur with traffic.

„ Before driving on roads, prepare the machine for road travel,

see Page 67

.

Danger when cornering with a hitched machine and due to the overall width

Accidents may occur when cornering due to the machine swinging out and also due to the overall width.

„ Consider the overall width of the combined tractor and machine.

„ Consider the larger swivel range when cornering.

„ Consider people, oncoming traffic and obstacles when turning.

18

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Safety

Basic safety instructions

Dangers when operating the machine on slopes

The machine may tilt when it is used on slopes. As a result, accidents may occur and people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ Do not work and drive on a slope unless the ground of the slope is flat and the adhesion of the tyres to the ground is ensured.

„ Turn the machine at low speed. Turn in a large arc.

„ Avoid driving across a slope because the centre of gravity of the machine will be changed by payload and by executing machine functions.

„ Avoid abrupt steering movements on slopes.

„ Do not move the machine from working position to transport position or from transport position to working position as long as the machine is used across a slope.

„ Do not park the machine on slopes.

2

2.4

2.4.15

Parking the machine safely

An incorrectly parked and insufficiently safeguarded machine can represent a danger for people, especially children, and can be set into motion or fall over in an uncontrolled manner.

People may be injured or killed.

„ Park the machine on a horizontal and level ground capable of bearing the load.

„ Before adjusting, repairing, servicing and cleaning the machine, ensure that it is securely positioned.

„ Observe section “Parking the Machine” in chapter Driving and Transport.

see Page 68

„ Before parking: Shut down and safeguard the machine,

see Page 23

.

2.4.16

Consumables

Unsuitable consumables

Consumables which do not comply with the requirements of the manufacturer may impair the operational safety of the machine and cause accidents.

„ Use only consumables which comply with the requirements of the manufacturer.

For requirements on consumables,

see Page 36

.

Environmental protection and disposal

Consumables such as diesel fuel, brake fluid, antifreeze and lubricants (e.g. gearbox oil, hydraulic oil) may damage the environment and the health of people.

„ Do not release consumables into the environment.

„ Fill consumables in a liquid-tight labelled container and dispose of according to the official regulations.

„ Absorb leaked consumables with an absorbent material, fill them in a liquid-tight labelled container and dispose of according to the official regulations.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 19

2

2.4

2.4.17

Safety

Basic safety instructions

Dangers arising from environment

Fire hazard

Combustible materials may accumulate in the machine due to operation or animals, such as rodents or nesting birds, or dust resuspension.

In case of dry usage conditions, dust, impurities and crop residue may ignite on hot parts and the resulting fire may seriously injure or kill people.

„ Check and clean the machine every day before using it for the first time.

„ Check and clean the machine regularly during the working day.

Behavior in the case of voltage flashover of overhead lines

High electric voltage may be applied to electrically conducting parts of the machine due to voltage flashover. In case of voltage flashover, a voltage drop where major voltage differences are present is created on the ground around the machine. Due to major voltage differences in the ground, people may be killed by electric shocks when making big steps, laying on the ground or supporting themselves with their hands.

„ Do not leave the cabin.

„ Do not touch any metal parts.

„ Do not establish any conductive connection to the ground.

„ Warn people: Do not approach the machine. Electrical voltage differences on the ground may lead to severe electric shocks.

„ Wait for help from professional rescue teams. The overhead line must be switched off.

If people have to leave the cabin despite the voltage flashover, for example because there is an imminent danger to life due to fire:

„ Avoid simultaneous contact with machine and ground.

„ Jump away from the machine. Jump into a safe standing position. Do not touch the machine from the outside.

„ Move away from the machine in very small steps keeping your feet close together.

2.4.18

Sources of danger on the machine

Noise may damage your health

The noise development of the machine during operation may cause health damage such as hardness of hearing, deafness or tinnitus. When using the machine at high rotational speed, the noise level also increases. The height of the sound pressure level depends mainly on the tractor used. The emissions value was measured with the cabin closed under conditions according to

DIN EN ISO 4254-1, Appendix B, see Page 36

.

„ Before starting up the machine, estimate the risk caused by noise.

„ Depending on the ambient conditions, working hours and the working and operating conditions of the machine, specify and use suitable hearing protection.

„ Specify rules for the use of hearing protection and for the working time.

„ During operation keep windows and doors of the cabin closed.

„ Remove hearing protection for road travel.

20

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Safety

Basic safety instructions

2

2.4

Liquids under high pressure

The following liquids are under high pressure:

• Hydraulic oil

Liquids escaping under high pressure may penetrate through the skin and cause severe injuries.

„ Shut down and safeguard the machine and contact qualified specialist workshop upon suspicion of damaged hydraulic system.

„ Never search for leaks with bare hands. Even a very pin-sized hole may lead to serious injuries.

„ When searching for leaks, use suitable aids, e.g. a piece of cardboard to avoid injuries.

„ Keep body and face away from leaks.

„ If liquids penetrate the body, immediately consult a doctor. The liquid must be removed from the body as quickly as possible.

Hot liquids

Persons can suffer burns and/or scalding when hot liquids are drained.

„ Wear personal protective equipment when hot consumables are drained.

„ If necessary, allow liquids and machine parts to cool down before you start repair, maintenance and cleaning work.

Damaged hydraulic hoses

Damaged hydraulic hoses may tear off, burst or cause oil leaks. As a result, the machine may be damaged and people may be seriously injured.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ If it is suspected that hydraulic hoses are damaged, immediately contact a service centre,

see Page 86

.

2.4.19

Hot surfaces

The following components may become hot during operation and may burn people:

• Gearbox

• Cutterbar

„ Maintain an adequate distance from hot surfaces and adjacent components.

„ Leave machine parts to cool down and wear protective gloves.

Dangers in connection with certain activities: Working on the machine

Only perform work when the machine is at standstill

If the machine is not shut down and safeguarded, parts may move unintentionally or the machine may start moving. Thus there is a risk of serious injuries or death.

„ Before carrying out any repair, maintenance and cleaning work on the machine, shutdown and safeguard it,

see Page 23

.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 21

2

2.4

Safety

Basic safety instructions

Maintenance and repair work

Improper maintenance and repair work endanger operational safety. Thus there is a risk of accidents, serious injuries or death.

„ Only perform work which is described in this operating instructions. Prior to any work, stop

and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ All other maintenance and repair work must only be performed by qualified specialist workshop.

Working at or on heights of the machine

There is a risk of falling when working at or on heights of the machine. As a result, accidents may occur and people may be seriously or fatally injured.

„

Prior to any work, stop and safeguard the machine, see Page 23 .

„ Make sure you stand securely.

„ Use a suitable fall protection.

„ Secure the area below the assembly point against falling objects.

Raised machine and machine parts

The raised machine and machine parts may fall or tilt unintentionally. People may be seriously injured or killed, as a result.

„

Do not stay under the raised machine or machine parts which are not safely supported, see

Page 23 .

„ Prior to all work on raised machines or machine parts, lower the machine or machine parts.

„ Before performing any work under raised machines or machine parts, secure the machine or machine parts with rigid safety support or with hydraulic shut-off device or by supporting against lowering.

Danger associated with welding work

Improper welding work will endanger the operational safety of the machine. As a result, accidents may occur and people may be seriously or fatally injured.

„ Never perform welding work on the following components:

• Gearbox

• Components of the hydraulics

• Components of the electronics

• Frame or supporting components

• Running gear

„ Before carrying out welding work on the machine, obtain consent by KRONE customer service and, if required, identify alternatives.

„ Before performing welding work on the machine, park the machine safely and disconnect it from the tractor.

„ Welding work must only be performed by experienced qualified personnel.

„ Attach the earthing of the welding device near the welding points.

„ Caution when performing welding work near electric and hydraulic parts, plastic parts and pressure accumulators. The parts may be damaged, endanger people or cause accidents.

22

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

2.4.20

Safety

Safety routines

Behaviour in dangerous situations and in case of accidents

Any measures not taken or incorrect measures in dangerous situations can make it difficult or impossible to rescue exposed persons. Due to the impeded conditions of rescue, the chances to help and heal injured people deteriorate.

„ As a matter of principle: Park the machine.

„ Get an overview of the existing danger and identify the reason.

„ Secure the accident site.

„ Save persons from the danger zone.

„ Leave danger zone and do not enter it again.

„ Alarm rescue workers and seek help, if possible.

„ Carry out immediate lifesaving actions.

2

2.5

Safety routines 2.5

2.5.1

2.5.2

Shutting down and safeguarding the machine

WARNING

Risk of injury due to movement of the machine or machine parts

If the machine has not been shut down, machine or machine parts may move unintentionally.

As a result, people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ Before leaving the operating position: Shut down and safeguard the machine.

To shut down and safeguard the machine:

„ Park the machine on a stable, horizontal and level ground.

„ Switch off the drives and wait until coasting parts have come to a complete stop.

„ Lower the machine all the way to the ground.

„ Switch off the tractor engine, remove the ignition key and take it with you.

„ Secure the tractor against rolling away.

Securing raised machine and machine parts against lowering

WARNING

Crushing hazard due to movement of machine or machine parts

If the machine or machine parts are not secured against lowering, the machine or machine parts may roll, fall or sag. Thus people could be squeezed or killed.

„ Lower the raised machine parts.

„ Shut down and safeguard the machine,

see Page 23

.

„ Before working on or under raised machine parts: Secure machine or machine parts against lowering by means of hydraulic shut-off device (e.g. stop cock) on machine side.

„ Before working on or under raised machine parts: Safely support machine or machine parts.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 23

2

2.6

Safety

Safety labels on the machine

In order to safely support the machine or machine parts:

„ To support, only use suitable and sufficiently dimensioned materials that do not break or yield.

„ Bricks and hollow blocks are not suitable for safely supporting the machine and machine parts. Therefore they must not be used.

„ Car jacks are also not suitable for safely supporting the machine and machine parts. They must not be used, as well.

2.5.3

2.6

Carrying out oil level check and oil and filter element changes safely

WARNING

Carrying out oil level check and oil and filter element changes safely

If oil level check and oil and filter element changes are not carried out safely, the operational safety of the machine may be impaired. This may result in accidents.

„ Carry out oil level check and oil and filter element changes safely.

To carry out oil level check, oil and filter element changes safely:

„ Lower raised machine parts or secure them against falling,

see Page 23 .

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Observe the intervals for oil level check, oil and filter element changes,

see Page 76 .

„ Use only the oil grades and quantities specified in the consumables table,

see Page 36

.

„ Clean the area around the parts (for example gearbox, high-pressure filter) and make sure that no foreign objects get into the parts or the hydraulic system.

„ Check existing seal rings for damage and replace them, if necessary.

„ Collect leaking or waste oil in a container designated for the purpose and dispose of it

properly, see Page 19 .

Safety labels on the machine

Every safety label is provided with an order number and can be ordered directly from the authorised KRONE dealer. Immediately replace missing, damaged and unrecognisable safety labels.

When attaching safety labels, the contact surface on the machine must be clean and free of dirt, oil and grease to ensure optimum adhesion of the labels.

24

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Position and meaning of safety labels

Safety

Safety labels on the machine

2

2.6

9 4

7 8 7

5 36 4 9

942 196 -1

27 002 459 0

942 196 -1

2

3

4

KM001-025

1.

Ord. no. 939 471 1 (1x)

1

4

Danger due to incorrect operation and lack of knowledge

Incorrect operation and lack of knowledge of the machine as well as incorrect behaviour in hazardous situations is risking the life of the operator and third parties.

„ Before starting up the machine, read and follow the operating instructions and safety instructions.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 25

2

2.6

Safety

Safety labels on the machine

2.

Ord. no. 27 021 591 0 (1x)

Danger if the regulating valves of the tractor are not locked

There is a risk of accidents if the regulating valves of the tractor are not locked.

„ To prevent functions from being triggered accidentally, the regulating valves of the tractor must be in neutral position and locked during road transport journeys.

3.

Ord. no. 939 101 4 (1x)

Danger when exceeding the maximum permissible PTO speed or the maximum permissible operating pressure

When exceeding the permissible PTO speed, machine parts may be destroyed or ejected.

If the maximum permissible operating pressure is exceeded, hydraulic parts may be damaged.

As a result, people may be seriously or fatally injured.

„ Observe the permissible PTO speed.

„ Observe the permitted operating pressure.

4.

Ord. no. 939 576 0 (4x)

5.

Ord. no. 27 024 672 0 (1x) a)

Danger due to rotating machine parts

When the machine has been switched off, there is risk of injury due to coasting machine parts.

„ Do not touch any moving parts of the machine.

„ Wait until the machine parts have come to a standstill.

b)

Danger from objects being flung out

When the machine is running, there is a risk of injury as objects may be flung out uncontrollably.

„ Before starting up, move the guards into their protective position.

c)

Danger from objects being flung out

When the machine is running, there is a risk of injury as objects may be flung out uncontrollably.

„ When the machine is running, keep your distance.

26

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Safety

Safety labels on the machine

2

2.6

Danger due to crushing in the swivel range

There is danger to life due to the swivel movement of the machine.

„ Ensure that there is no one in the swivel range of the machine.

„ Keep away from the machine when the drive is switched on.

27 024 672 0

6.

Ord. no. 939 106 3 (1x)

Danger to life when exceeding the maximum permitted

PTO speed

When exceeding the permissible PTO speed, machine parts may be destroyed or ejected.

As a result, people may be seriously or fatally injured.

„ Observe the permissible PTO speed.

7.

Ord. no. 942 196 1 (2x)

Danger due to crushing or shearing

Risk of injury due to crushing or shearing points on moving machine parts.

„ While parts are moving, never reach into areas where there is a risk of being crushed.

8.

Ord. no. 27 002 459 0 (1x)

Danger due to machine parts unintentionally folding down or swivelling out

Risk of injury for road users due to machine parts unintentionally folding down or swivelling out.

„ Whenever transporting the machine or driving on roads, ensure that the stop cock is closed.

9.

Ord. no. 939 472 2 (2x)

Danger due to impact

There is danger to life due to the swivel movement of the machine.

„ Ensure that there is no one in the swivel range of the machine.

„ Maintain an adequate distance from moving machine parts.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 27

2

2.7

2.7

Safety

Information labels on the machine

Information labels on the machine

Each information label has an order number. You can order the labels directly from your

KRONE dealer. Replace missing, damaged and illegible information labels immediately.

Prior to attaching an information label, ensure that the contact surface on the machine is clean and free of dirt, oil and grease so that the label can adhere to properly.

Location and meaning of the information labels

1 2

3

6

5

4

Ø17mm min. 14 mm

255 498 1

28

KMG000-119

1.

Ord. no. 939 278 4 (1x)

DE

EN

ES

FR

IT

NL

RU

Vor der Erstinbetriebnahme und 1x jährlich vor der Ernte muss die Reibkupplung gelüftet werden

The friction clutch must be bled at the first operation and once a year before the harvesting season.

El embrague de seguridad debe someterse a una purga antes de la primera puesta en marcha y una vez al año antes de iniciarse la campaña de trabajo.

La sécurité à friction doit faire l'objet d'une purge lors de la première mise en route et une fois par an avant le début de la saison.

La frizione di sicurezza deve essere sottomessa ad uno spurgo alla prima messa in campo come pure una volta all'anno prima della campagna.

Voor de eerste inbedrijfstelling en eenmaal per jaar voor de oogst moet de frictiekoppeling worden belucht.

Перед первым вводом в эксплуатацию и 1 раз в год перед уборкой урожая необходимо растормозить фрикционную муфту.

939 278 4

This label states that the friction clutch must be bled before the initial start-up and once a year before the season.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Safety

Information labels on the machine

2.

Ord. no. 942 132 0 (1x)

The label sits on the supporting frame. It marks the outermost position of the hydraulic transverse movement,

see Page 65 .

3.

Ord. no. 939 161 3 (1x)

DE

EN

ES

FR

IT

NL

RU

Mähwerk bei Rückwärtsfahrt ausheben.

Lift mower prior to reversing.

Levantar la guadanadora antes de retroceder.

Relever la faucheuse avant de reculer.

Sollevare la falciatrice prima di retrocedere.

Til de maaiwerk op tijdens het achteruitrijden.

Поднимать косилку при реверсе.

939 161 3

4.

Ord. no. 255 498 1 (1x)

This label tells you that the mower must be raised during reverse movement.

Ø17mm

For "Blade screw connection" version

Check the material thickness of the retaining bolts after each blade change and after each contact with foreign objects. The retaining bolts must be replaced by authorized experts when the material thickness at the weakest point is below 14 mm,

see Page 102 .

min. 14 mm

255 498 1

5.

Ord. no. 255 499 2 (1x)

Ø17mm min.14mm

6.

Ord. no. 27 025 446 0 (1x)

For "Blade quick fastener" version

Check the material thickness of the retaining bolts after each blade change and after each contact with foreign objects. The retaining bolts must be replaced by authorized experts when the material thickness at the weakest point is below 14 mm,

see Page 102 .

This label specifies the order numbers for spare blades.

2

2.7

20237273

20237274

20237273 20237274

• Order no. 942 012 2

The lifting points on the machine are marked with this label,

see Page 69 .

942 012 2

• Ord. no. 27 021 260 0

27 021 260 0

There are several lubrication points on the machine which must be lubricated at regular intervals,

see Page 98 . Lubrica-

tion points that are not directly visible are additionally marked with this information label.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 29

2

2.8

2.8

Safety

Safety features

Safety features

1

2

30

KMG000-088

Pos.

1

Designation

For version

Road travel lighting

2 Overload protection

Explanation

• The road travel lighting is used for road safety.

• Before driving on roads, switch on the road travel lighting and ensure that it functions properly.

• The overload protection protects the tractor and the machine from load peaks

„ To avoid damaging the machine, switch off the

PTO shaft if the overload protection responds for a longer period of time (>1 s).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Machine Description

Machine overview

3

3.1

3

3.1

Machine Description

Machine overview

1 2 3 4 5 6

7 8 9 10 7

11

KM000-834

6

7

4

5

1

2

3

Blade key

Document storage tube

Main gearbox

Universal shaft bracket

Universally-jointed drive shaft

Spare blade drawer

Side guard

13

11

12

13

8

9

10

12

Intermediate universal shaft

Friction clutch

Mower gearbox

Warning panel

Front safety device

Cutterbar

11

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 31

3

3.2

3.2

Machine Description

Overload protections on the machine

Overload protections on the machine

NOTICE

Machine damage due to load peaks

The overload protections protect the tractor and the machine from load peaks. For this reason, overload protections must not be modified. The warranty for the machine becomes void if other than the factory-specified overload protections are used.

„ Only use the overload protections installed in the machine.

„ To avoid early wear of the overload protection, switch the PTO shaft off if the overload protection responds for a longer period of time.

„

„Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

3.3

Universal shaft

A friction disc clutch on the universal shaft protects against overload. The friction disc clutch is set at the factory. Never change the adjustment without consulting your KRONE service partner.

To vent the friction clutch, see Page 81

.

Labelling

INFO

The entire identification plate represents a legal document and should not be altered or rendered illegible!

1

KMG000-021

The machine data is located on the type plate (1). The type plate sits on the side of the frame.

32

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Machine Description

Labelling

3

3.3

Information for enquiries and orders

1

2

Maschinenfarbrik Krone Beteiligungs-GmbH

Heinrich-Krone-Str. 10, D-48480 Spelle

Typ

Masch.Nr.

Easy Cut F 320 CV

1026588

Made in Germany

Modelljahr

Baujahr

2020

2019

3

4

DVG000-004

Example image

1 Type

2 Machine number (Masch.Nr.)

3 Model year

4 Year of manufacture

For inquiries about the machine and for ordering spare parts, please specify type (1), machine number (2) and year of manufacture (4) of the particular machine. To ensure that the data is always available, KRONE recommends that you enter it in the boxes on the front cover of these operating instructions.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 33

3

3.4

3.4

Machine Description

Warning panels

Warning panels

2 2

1 1

3.5

3

KM001-190

The warning panels (1) are intended to improve the visibility of the machine.

The machine is equipped as standard:

• with white reflectors (2) at the front,

• with red reflectors (3) at the rear.

3

Intermediate universal shaft

To ensure the functionality and to increase the lifetime, the friction clutch must be vented once a year before the beginning of the season,

see Page 81

.

34

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

1

Machine Description

Intermediate universal shaft

3

3.5

2

KMG000-014

The intermediate universal shaft (1) is coupled with the friction disc clutch (2) towards the main gearbox. The friction disc clutch protects the tractor and the machine from damage.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 35

4

4.1

4

Technical data

Consumables

Technical data

Dimensions

Working width

Transport width

Acreage output

Total weight of the machine

Minimum tractor requirements

Power requirement

PTO speed

Max. operating pressure of hydraulic system

Voltage lighting

Required hydraulic connections

Double-acting hydraulic connection

2,730 mm

2,565 mm

3.0–3.5 ha/h

635 kg

40 kW (55 HP)

1,000 rpm

200 bar

12 V, 7-pin

1x

For the version with "Hydraulically foldable side guards"

1x Double-acting hydraulic connection

Machine equipment

Lower link hitch

Number of cutting discs

Number of mower drums

Cutting height

Series version

High-cut skid version

Combi skid version

Airborne noise emission

Emissions value (sound pressure level)

Measurement device

Accuracy class

Measurement uncertainty (according to DIN EN ISO 11201)

Ambient temperature

Temperature range for machine operation

Cat. I and cat. II

4 units

2 units approx. 1–7 cm approx. 6–12 cm approx. 4–10 cm

71.0 dB

Bruel & Kjaer, Type 2236

2

4 dB

-5 to +45 °C

4.1

Consumables

NOTICE

Complying with change intervals for biooils

To ensure high life expectancy of the machine, it is absolutely necessary to comply with change intervals for biooils due to the ageing of the oils.

36

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

4.1.1

4.1.2

Technical data

Consumables

4

4.1

NOTICE

Machine damage due to mixing of oil

If oils, which have different specifications, are mixed with each other, the machine may be damaged.

„ Never mix oils, which have different specifications, with each other.

„ Contact your KRONE service partner before using an oil with a different specification after changing the oil.

Bio-degradable lubricants on request

Oils

Designation

Input gearbox

Main gearbox

Cutterbar

Filling quantity

0.5 L

0.9 L

7.0 L

Specification

SAE 90

SAE 90

SAE 90

Initial filling ex works

Wiolin ML 4 SAE 90

Wiolin ML 4 SAE 90

Wiolin ML 4 SAE 90

The filling quantities of the gearboxes are guide values. The correct values result from oil

change/oil level check, see Page 87

.

Lubricating greases

Designation

Manual lubrication points

Filling quantity

As required 1

Specification

Lubricating grease to DIN

51818 of NLGI class 2, Li soap with EP additives

1 Lubricate the lubrication point until grease comes out of the bearing position. After lubricating, remove the grease coming out of the bearing position.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 37

5

5.1

5

Control and Display Elements

Hydraulic control units of the tractor

Control and Display Elements

5.1

Hydraulic control units of the tractor

Different functions of the machine are executed with the hydraulic control unit of the tractor. The following table explains the function of the control unit.

Designation

Front hydraulics

Double-acting control unit

(1+/1-)

(Hydraulic shifting)

Double-acting control unit

(2+/2-)

(Lifting/lowering the side guards)

Function

Float position

Lowers the mower from transport position to working position.

Pressure

Raises the mower from working position to transport position.

(1+)

Shifts the mower from the central position 15 cm to the right or the left.

(1-)

Shifts the mower back to the central position.

(2+)

Raises the side guards.

(2-)

Lowers the side guards.

38

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

6

6.1

Commissioning

Checklist for initial operation

Commissioning

This chapter describes assembly and adjustment work on the machine which may be carried out by qualified technicians only. Here, the notice “Personnel qualification of technicians” applies,

see Page 13

.

6

6.1

WARNING

Risk of injury or damage to the machine due to faulty initial operation

If the initial operation is carried out incorrectly or incompletely, the machine may present defects. As a result, people may be injured or killed or the machine may be damaged.

„ Initial operation must only be carried out by authorised technicians.

„ Read in full and observe the “Personnel qualification of technicians”,

see Page 13 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

Checklist for initial operation

ü The supplied operating instructions are in the document storage tube.

ü The machine is mounted according to assembly instructions of the machine.

ü All screws and nuts are checked for tightness, and are tightened to the specified tightening

torques, see Page 78

.

ü The safety devices are mounted and checked for completeness and damage.

ü The machine is fully lubricated,

see Page 98

.

ü

The oil level has been checked for all gearboxes, see Page 87

.

ü The hydraulic system has been checked for leaks.

ü The tractor corresponds to the machine requirements,

see Page 36 .

ü The axle loads, the minimum counterweight and the total weight have been checked.

see

Page 36 .

ü The length of the universal shaft has been checked and adjusted,

see Page 44 .

ü

The blades have been inserted, see Page 90

.

ü The hydraulic system has been vented.

ü The friction clutch has been vented,

see Page 81

.

ü The coupling points have been adapted,

see Page 41

.

ü The clearance between tractor and machine has been checked,

see Page 51

.

ü With "Road travel lighting" version : Functioning and cleanliness of the road travel

lighting were checked, see Page 56 .

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 39

6

6.2

6.2

Commissioning

Mounting the universal shaft on the machine

Mounting the universal shaft on the machine

6.3

4 2

1 3

KMG000-053

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Slip the universal shaft (3) onto the PTO shaft end of the input gearbox until the safety catch is engaged.

„ Secure the universal shaft guard (2) with the auger thread clamp.

„ Secure the universal shaft guard (2) with the supporting chain (4) against rotating.

„ Put the universal shaft (3) down on the universal shaft bracket (1).

INFO

More details can be found in the operating instructions for the universal shaft.

Mounting lighting system

For the version with "Road travel lighting"

WARNING

Dangers during road travel

There is a risk of endangering other road users when driving on public roads if the machine does not comply with the regulations for lighting and warning panels specified by national law.

„ Prior to driving on a public road ensure that the lighting is mounted.

1 1

40

KMG000-054

Mount the lighting system (1) according to the instructions for accessories kit (document number

150 001 118).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Commissioning

Adapting coupling points

6

6.4

6.4

Adapting coupling points

Adapting the lower link pins

Kat.I

1

Kat.II

1

3 4 5 2 3 4 5 3

KMG000-095

The three-point linkage is designed for category I and II.

4 5 2 3 4 5

Converting to category I

„ Loosen the screw connections (1).

„ Pull out the lower link holder (2) and rotate it through 180° degrees.

ð The shorter journal of the lower link holder (2) points to the outside.

„ Tighten the screw connections (1).

„ Insert the ball sleeve cat. I (3) and secure it with linch pin (4) and safety chain (5).

Converting to category II

„ Loosen the screw connections (1).

„ Pull out the lower link holder (2) and rotate it through 180° degrees.

ð The longer journal of the lower link holder (2) points to the outside.

„ Tighten the screw connections (1).

„ Insert the ball sleeve cat. II (3) and secure it with linch pin (4) and safety chain (5).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 41

6

6.4

Commissioning

Adapting coupling points

Adjusting the top link bolt

Kat.I

2

Kat.II

2

1 4 I

II

III

1 3

KMG000-096

The top link bolt (1) is designed for category II and III.

Converting to category I (cat. I)

„ Loosen the linch pin (3) and pull out the top link pin (1).

„ Insert the top link bolt (1) in position (I), (II) or (III) and through the ball sleeve cat. II (2).

The thicker journal of the top link pin (1) faces outwards.

„ Secure the top link bolt (1) using the linch pin (3).

„ Make sure that the anti-twist lock (4) of the top link pin is in the recess.

Converting to category II (cat. II)

„ Loosen the linch pin (3) and pull out the top link pin (1).

„ Insert the top link bolt (1) in position (I), (II) or (III) and through the ball sleeve cat. II (2).

The thinner journal of the top link pin (1) faces outwards.

„ Secure the top link bolt using the linch pin (3).

„ Make sure that the anti-twist lock (4) of the top link pin is in the recess.

42

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Commissioning

Adjusting the gearbox

6

6.5

6.5

Adjusting the gearbox

1

3 2

1

KM000-987

The installation height of the gearbox can be adjusted for different tractors. The machine is delivered in position (I). To convert the gearbox to position (II), replace the gearbox plates (6) and (9).

Mounting the gearbox in position (II)

I

5

II 4

9

4

6

8

7

7

KM000-985

I Gearbox 1000 rpm, attachment "top"

(delivery state)

II Gearbox 1000 rpm, attachment "bottom"

ü The machine is parked,

see Page 68

.

ü

The machine is supported safely, see Page 23

.

„ Dismount the universally-jointed drive shaft.

„ Dismount the rear central guard cloth.

„ Loosen the screw connections (1) and dismount the guard sheets (2).

„ Dismount the universal shaft (3).

„ Secure the gearbox (7) against dropping. The gearbox weighs approx. 18 kg.

„ Loosen the screw connections (4) with the spacer sleeves and dismount the gearbox plate (6) from the three-point hitch.

„ Loosen the countersunk screws (5) and dismount the gearbox (7) from the gearbox plate (6).

„ Mount the gearbox (7) with the hexagon head screws, sleeves and detent edged washers (8) to the gearbox plate (9).

„ Mount the gearbox plate (9) with the spacer sleeves and the screw connections (4) to the three-point hitch.

„ Mount the universal shaft (3).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 43

6

6.6

Commissioning

Adapting universal shaft

„ Adjust the guard sheets (2) and mount them with the screw connections (1).

„ Mount the rear central guard cloth.

„ Mount the universally-jointed drive shaft.

Mounting the gearbox in position (I)

II

4 I

5

9

4

6

8

7

KM000-986

ü The machine is parked,

see Page 68

.

ü

The machine is supported safely, see Page 23

.

„ Dismount the universally-jointed drive shaft.

„ Dismount the rear central guard cloth.

„ Loosen the screw connections (1) and dismount the guard sheets (2).

„ Dismount the universal shaft (3).

„ Secure the gearbox (7) against dropping. The gearbox weighs approx. 18 kg.

„ Loosen the screw connections (4) with the spacer sleeves and dismount the gearbox plate (9) from the three-point hitch.

„ Dismount the hexagon head screws, sleeves and detent edged washers (8) from the gearbox plate (9).

„ Mount the gearbox (7) with the countersunk screws (5) to the gearbox plate (6).

„ Mount the gearbox plate (6) with the screw connections (4) to the three-point hitch.

„ Mount the universal shaft (3).

„ Adjust the guard sheets (2) and mount them with the screw connections (1).

„ Mount the rear central guard cloth.

„ Mount the universally-jointed drive shaft.

7

6.6

Adapting universal shaft

NOTICE

Changing the tractor

The machine could be damaged if the universal shaft length is not checked when changing the tractor.

„ In order to avoid damage to the machine, check universal shaft length every time the

tractor is changed and correct it, if necessary, see Page 44 .

44

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Commissioning

Adapting universal shaft

6

6.6

KMG000-047

ü The machine is connected to the tractor,

see Page 50 .

„ Lower machine into working position.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Disassemble the universal shaft.

„ Install one of the two halves (1, 2) on the tractor side and one on the machine side.

„ Shorten profile tubes and guard tubes as specified in the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

NOTICE: Material damage caused by failure to achieve profile overlap! Observe an overlap (shift length) of the profile tubes and guard tubes of at least 200 mm, refer to the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Check the overlapping of profile tubes and guard tubes.

NOTICE

Changing the tractor

The machine could be damaged if the universal shaft length is not checked when changing the tractor.

„ In order to avoid damage to the machine, check universal shaft length every time the

tractor is changed and correct it, if necessary, see Page 44 .

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 45

7

7.1

7

Start-up

Calculating the ballasting of the tractor-machine combination

Start-up

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

WARNING

Risk of injury or damage to the machine due to connection lines which have been incorrectly connected, interchanged or improperly installed

If the connection lines of the machine have been incorrectly connected to the tractor or have been improperly installed, they may pull off or be damaged. This may result in serious accidents. If connection lines are interchanged, functions may inadvertently be actuated which may also result in serious accidents.

„ Correctly connect and secure the hoses and cables.

„ Lay the hoses, cables and ropes so that they do not scrape, come under tension or become jammed or come into contact with other components (e.g. tractor tyres).

„ Couple and connect the hoses and cables to the designated connections as described in the operating instructions.

7.1

Calculating the ballasting of the tractor-machine combination

WARNING

Danger due to wrong weight distribution in the tractor-machine combination

Due to wrong weight distribution in the tractor-machine combination, people may be seriously or fatally injured.

„ Before starting up the tractor-machine combination, check the following requirements and, if required, adjust according to the operating instructions.

When attaching implements at the front and rear, the permitted total weight, the permitted axle loads and the tyre load capacity of the tractor must not be exceeded. These specifications can be found on the type plate, in the vehicle registration document or in the operating instructions for the tractor.

Even with an implement mounted at the rear, the front axle of the tractor must always be loaded with at least 20% of the tare weight of the tractor.

„ To ensure the suitability of the tractor, perform the following calculation before mounting the implement on the tractor:

46

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Start-up

Calculating the ballasting of the tractor-machine combination

7

7.1

e

G

V a f

T

V

T

L b

T

H c d

G

H

Abbreviations for calculating the ballasting

TL [kg] Tare weight of the tractor See operating instructions for the tractor

TV [kg] Front axle load of the empty tractor See operating instructions for the tractor

TH [kg] Rear axle load of the empty tractor See operating instructions for the tractor

GH [kg] Total weight implement mounted at the rear/rear weight

GV [kg] Total weight of implement mounted at the front/front ballast

See price list and/or operating instructions for the machine

See price list and/or operating instructions for the machine a [m] Distance between centre of gravity of implement mounted at the front/ front ballast and middle of front axle b [m] Wheel base of the tractor

See price list and/or operating instructions for the machine

Measuring

See operating instructions for the tractor

Measuring c [m] Distance between middle of rear axle and middle of lower link ball

See operating instructions for the tractor

Measuring

See price list and/or operating instructions for the implement d [m] Distance between middle of lower link ball and centre of gravity of implement mounted at the rear/rear weight f e [m] Distance between middle of lower link ball and centre of gravity of implement mounted at the front

[m] Distance between front axle and middle of lower link ball

Calculation of the minimum ballasting at front G

V min for implements mounted at the rear and front and rear combinations

G

V min

=

G

H

• ( c +

( e d )

+

− f

T

V

) +

• b b + 0 , 2 • T

L

• b

„ Enter the calculated minimum ballasting, which is required at the front of the tractor, in the table.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 47

7

7.1

Start-up

Calculating the ballasting of the tractor-machine combination

Calculation of the minimum ballasting at rear G

H min for implements mounted at the front

G

H min

=

G

V

• ( e + f ) − T

H b + c +

• b d

+ x • T

L

• b

„ For "x" observe the technical data of the tractor manufacturer. If "x" is not indicated, insert the value 0.45.

„ Enter the calculated minimum ballasting, which is required at the rear of the tractor, in the table.

Calculation of the actual front axle load T

V tat

T

V tat

=

G

V

• ( e + f + b ) + b

T

V

• b − G

H

• ( c + d )

„ Enter the actual front axle load and the permitted front axle load, indicated in the operating instructions for the tractor, in the table.

Calculation of the actual total weight G tat

G tat

= G

V

+ T

L

+ G

H

„ If the required minimum ballasting at rear (G

H min

) is not reached with the implement mounted at the rear (G

H

), the weight of the implement mounted at the rear must be increased to the weight of the minimum ballasting at rear.

„ Enter the calculated, actual total weight and the permitted total weight, indicated in the operating instructions for the tractor, in the table.

Calculation of the actual rear axle load T

H tat

T

H tat

=

G tat

T

V tat

„ Enter the calculated, actual rear axle load and the permitted rear axle load, indicated in the operating instructions for the tractor, in the table.

Tyre load capacity

„ Enter double the value (two tyres) of the permitted tyre load capacity (see e.g. documents of the tyre manufacturers) in the table.

Table

The minimum ballasting must be attached to the tractor as a mounted implement or ballast weight. The calculated values must be less than/equal to (≤) the permitted values.

48

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

7.2

Minimum ballasting

Front/rear

Total weight

Front axle load

Actual value according to calculation kg kg

<

Permitted value according to operating instructions for the tractor

Start-up

Preparing tractor

Double permitted tyre load capacity

(two tyres)

7

7.2

kg

< kg kg

< kg

Rear axle load kg

< kg

< kg

Preparing tractor

+B -B

KM001-113

Prior to connecting the mower to the tractor, check whether the tractor can be connected with respect to the distances (A) and (+B/-B) as a function of the clearance. Connecting the universally-jointed drive shaft must be possible without any collision and with a small bending angle between mower and tractor. Follow the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Check distance (A) and distance (+B/-B).

ð Distance (A)=555 mm/480 mm

ð Distance (+B) (visible lower link point)=0 mm

„ Change the front lifting unit over to single-acting.

„ Disconnect the lower links from the swing position.

„ Move the front axle suspension of the tractor to the central position and deactivate it.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 49

7

7.3

7.3

Start-up

Connecting machine to tractor

Connecting machine to tractor

WARNING

Risk of injury due to unexpected movement of the machine

During the connecting/decoupling process of the front mounted mower, the machine may start to move unexpectedly and may therefore result in injury.

„ Only one person may carry out the connecting/decoupling process.

„ Make sure there is nobody in the danger zone during the connecting/decoupling process.

„ Stop the connecting/decoupling process immediately if there is somebody in the danger zone.

NOTICE

When attaching implements at the front and rear, the permitted total weight, the permitted axle loads and the tyre load capacity of the tractor must not be exceeded. Even with an implement mounted at the rear, the front axle of the tractor must always be loaded with at least 20% of the tare weight of the tractor.

„ Prior to starting the trip, ensure that these conditions are met,

see Page 46 .

2

50

1

KMG000-049

WARNING! Increased risk of injury! Nobody is allowed to be between tractor and machine during the connecting process (especially when the tractor is moving forward).

„ Lower the front linkage hydraulically until the lower links (1) of the tractor are below the lower link pins of the machine.

„ Advance the tractor forward up to the machine.

„ Raise the front linkage hydraulically until the lower links (1) engage in the ball sleeves and lock.

„ Switch off the tractor, remove the ignition key and take it with you.

„ Secure the tractor against rolling away.

„ Engage the top link (2) at the three-point hitch, and secure it.

For "Relief springs" version

„

Mount relief springs, see Page 52

.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

7.4

Start-up

Checking/setting parallel lifting

Check clearance

NOTICE

Risk of damaging the machine from insufficient clearance

Insufficient clearance between the front wheels of the tractor and the machine can cause damage to the machine during operation.

„ Check the clearance between the front wheels of the tractor and the machine after the initial commissioning and every time you change the tractor.

„ Check the clearance of the front wheels at all steering angles.

7

7.4

Checking/setting parallel lifting

NOTICE

If the machine does not lift in parallel with to the ground, the machine or the tractor may be damaged.

If the machine does not lift in parallel with the ground, the universal shaft may bend unfavourably. If the universal shaft is bent unfavourably, the machine will not run smoothly.

This may damage the machine or the tractor seriously.

„ To prevent damage, the machine must be aligned in parallel with the ground when it is lifted.

„ Whenever mounting the machine again, check the parallelism of the machine to the ground when it is lifted.

KM000-254

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 51

7

7.5

Start-up

Mounting relief springs

Secure the top link on the A-frame or on the upper coupling point of the machine such that the raised machine is aligned as parallel as possible to the ground.

ü The machine is mounted on the tractor.

„ Raise the machine via the front hydraulics,

see Page 64 .

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Ensure that the machine is parallel to the ground.

Æ Continue connecting when the machine is raised and parallel to the ground.

Æ If parallelism deviates too much:

„ Lower the machine to the ground,

see Page 64 .

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Relocate the top link in the hole pattern on the A-frame.

„ Raise the machine via the front hydraulics,

see Page 64 .

„ Ensure that the machine is parallel to the ground.

„ Repeat this process until the machine is raised parallel to the ground.

7.5

Mounting relief springs

For "Relief springs" version

52

KM000-356

With turnbuckle Without turnbuckle

The relief springs (1) can be attached to the top link fork (3) with or without turnbuckles (2).

If turnbuckles (I) are used, the turnbuckles (2) are attached between the supporting chains (4) of the relief springs and the top link fork (3).

If no turnbuckles (II) are used, the supporting chains (4) of the relief springs are attached directly to the top link fork (3).

The ground pressure of the mower can be adjusted via the perforated bar, via the length of the supporting chain and, if using the turnbuckle, via the turnbuckle.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Start-up

Mounting relief springs

7

7.5

1

III

II

I

KMG100-004

„ Hook the relief springs (1) on the machine side into the second borehole (II) in the perforated bar (2).

Attaching the relief springs with a turnbuckle

KM000-357

„ Lift the machine into the transport position via the front hydraulics,

see Page 64

.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Mount the turnbuckle (1) with the connecting link (2) on the top link fork (3).

„ Set the turnbuckle (1) to a maximum dimension X=230 mm .

„ Attach the chain (4) to the turnbuckle (1) using the connecting link (5). In doing so, hook in the chains as short as possible and the same on both sides.

„ Remove excess chain links or attach in a suitable position.

„ Lower the machine into the working position via the front hydraulics.

NOTICE

The relief springs are optimally adjusted when the inclination of the supporting chains is approximately 35° in the working position.

Attaching the relief springs without a turnbuckle

„ Lift the machine into the transport position via the front hydraulics,

see Page 64

.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Attach the chain (4) to the top link fork (2) using the connecting link (5). In doing so, hook in the chains as short as possible and the same on both sides.

„ Lower the machine into the working position via the front hydraulics.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 53

7

7.5

Start-up

Mounting relief springs

NOTICE

The relief springs are optimally adjusted when the inclination of the supporting chains is approximately 35° in the working position.

Checking internal chains for overstretching

54

KM000-359

With turnbuckle (I) Without turnbuckle (II)

The relief springs (1) are prevented from overstretching by internal chains (2). To protect the relief springs from overstretching, the internal chains (2) must not tension in the working position.

Checking internal chains

„ Lower the machine into the working position via the front hydraulics.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Visually check that the chains (2) do not tension.

ð If the chains (2) are sagging, everything is correct (III).

ð If the chains (2) are tensioned (IV), the chains (3) of the relief springs must be hooked into the next-longer chain link.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

7.6

Start-up

Connecting hydraulic hoses

7

7.6

Hooking the supporting chain into the next-longer link

„ Lift the machine into the transport position via the front hydraulics.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ For mounting with turnbuckle: Hook the chain (3) into the turnbuckle by the next-longer chain link.

„ For mounting without turnbuckle: Hook the chain (3) into the top link fork (4) by the nextlonger chain link.

„ Repeat the process until the internal chains (2) no longer tension when the machine is in the working position.

Connecting hydraulic hoses

WARNING

Risk of injury from escaping hydraulic oil

The hydraulic system operates at very high pressure. Escaping hydraulic oil may seriously injure skin, limbs and eyes.

„ Prior to connecting the hydraulic hoses to the tractor, depressurise both sides of the hydraulic system.

„ Depressurise the hydraulic system before you uncouple the hoses and work on the hydraulic system.

„ When connecting the quick couplings, ensure that they are clean and dry.

„

Check hydraulic hoses at regular intervals see Page 86

and replace them if they are damaged (e.g chafing areas or points of contact) or aged. The replacement lines must comply with the technical requirements of the device manufacturer.

NOTICE

Damage to the machine due to soiling of the hydraulic system

If foreign objects or liquids get into the hydraulic system, the hydraulic system may be severely damaged.

„ When connecting the quick couplings, ensure that they are clean and dry.

„ Check the hydraulic hoses for abrasion and pinch point and replace if required.

KMG000-076

In order to connect the hydraulic hoses properly, the hydraulic hoses (1, 2) are marked with numbers or letters.

Hydraulic hoses for connection to a single-acting control unit are marked with a number and the plus sign, e.g. (1+).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 55

7

7.7

Start-up

Connecting road travel lighting

Hydraulic hoses for connection to a double-acting control unit are marked with the same numbers, plus sign for the pressure line and minus sign for the return, for example (2+/2-).

Use a control unit on the tractor which can be locked in the neutral position against unintentional operation.

Control units on the tractor must be used for lifting and lowering the mower and can be locked in the neutral position to prevent unintentional operation.

„ Depressurise the tractor hydraulics.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Clean and dry the connections of the hydraulic quick connector.

For the "Hydraulic side guards" version

„ Connect the hydraulic hoses (2+/2-) to a double-acting control unit of the tractor.

„ Connect the hydraulic hose (1+) to a single-acting control unit of the tractor.

Alternatively, the hydraulic hose can be connected to a double-acting control unit.

7.7

Connecting road travel lighting

For the version with “road travel lighting”

NOTICE

Short circuit caused by impurities and moisture in the plug connection

The machine may be damaged by a short circuit.

„ Make sure that the plugs and sockets are clean and dry.

3 2 1

KMG000-013

The road travel lighting is connected by means of the enclosed 7-pin lighting cable (2).

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Connect the 7-pin plug of the lighting cable (2) to the 7-pin socket (1) of the machine.

„ Connect the 7-pin plug of the lighting cable (2) to the 7-pin socket (3) of the tractor.

„ Lay the lighting cable (2) so that it does not touch the tractor wheels.

56

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

7.8

Start-up

Installing universal shaft

7

7.8

Installing universal shaft

WARNING

Risk of injury by failure to take account of the danger zone of the universal shaft

If the danger zone of the universal shaft is ignored, persons can be seriously hurt or killed.

„ To avoid accidents, observe the danger zone of the universal shaft,

see Page 15

.

NOTICE

Changing the tractor

The machine could be damaged if the universal shaft length is not checked when changing the tractor.

„ In order to avoid damage to the machine, check universal shaft length every time the

tractor is changed and correct it, if necessary, see Page 44 .

7.9

KMG000-048

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Slide universal shaft (1) on PTO shaft end of tractor and secure it.

„ Secure universal shaft guard by means of supporting chain (2) against turning.

Checking front end dimension

KM000-265

INFO

Depending on the country

If the front end dimension “A” 3.5 m is exceeded, the road safety must be ensured by means of suitable aids (for example instructing accompanying person or mirror at the intersections), refer to the leaflet for accessory equipment issued by Federal Minister of Transport.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 57

8

8.1

8

Operation

Front guard

Operation

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

WARNING

Risk of injury during operation

If the following notes are not observed, persons could be seriously injured or killed.

„ Before you turn on the PTO shaft, make sure that the machine is in working position and that the glide skids touch the ground.

„ Even with intended operation of the machine, there is a danger caused by ejected foreign bodies. Thus instruct all persons to leave the danger zone of the machine.

„ Special care should be taken when working near roads and buildings.

8.1

8.1.1

Front guard

WARNING

Risk of injury due to objects being flung out

If the front guard/side guard is folded up during work, objects may be flung out. As a result, people may be seriously injured.

„ Fold down the front guard/side guard.

„ Connect the guard cloths of the front guard and the side guard using the turnlock fasteners.

Folding up the front guard

The front guard can be folded up for repair and maintenance.

58

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

3 3 1

KMG000-006

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Open the turnlock fasteners (3).

Operation

Front guard

8

8.1

8.1.2

KM000-508

„ In order to move the front guard (1) into the desired position, actuate the ratchet (2).

Fold down the front guard

1

1

2

KMG000-077

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Loosen the catch (2).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 59

8

8.2

Operation

Side guard - for the “series” version

2 5

4

1

3

8.2

8.2.1

KMG000-082

„ Fold down the front guard (1).

„ Ensure that the front guard (1) is engaged in the lock (2) on the right and left sides of the machine.

„ Ensure that the guard cloth (5) is positioned behind the side guard (4) on the right and left sides of the machine.

„ Close the turnlock fasteners (3).

Side guard - for the “series” version

WARNING

Risk of injury due to objects being flung out

If the front guard/side guard is folded up during work, objects may be flung out. As a result, people may be seriously injured.

„ Fold down the front guard/side guard.

„ Connect the guard cloths of the front guard and the side guard using the turnlock fasteners.

Folding up the side guard - for "Series" version (transport position)

1 1

2

3

KMG000-058

3

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Open the turnlock fasteners (3).

„ Pull the lever (2) and fold up the side guard (1).

60

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

8.2.2

Operation

Side guard - for version with “hydraulically folding side guards”

Folding down the side guard - for "Series" version (working position)

8

8.3

1 1

8.3

8.3.1

2

3

KMG000-059

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Pull the lever (2) and fold down the side guard (1).

„ Secure the guard cloths by means of the turnlock fasteners (3).

Side guard - for version with “hydraulically folding side guards”

WARNING

Risk of injury due to objects being flung out

If the front guard/side guard is folded up during work, objects may be flung out. As a result, people may be seriously injured.

„ Fold down the front guard/side guard.

„ Connect the guard cloths of the front guard and the side guard using the turnlock fasteners.

3

Folding up the side guard – in version "hydraulically folding side guards" (transport position)

1 1

2

KMG000-080

2

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Open the turnlock fasteners (2).

„ Actuate the double-acting control unit (2-) until the side guards (1) are folded up.

„ Lock the control unit of the tractor.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 61

8

8.4

8.3.2

Operation

Warning panel

Folding down the side guard – in version "hydraulically folding side guards" (working position)

1 1

8.4

8.4.1

2 2

KMG000-079

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

„ Unlock the control unit of the tractor.

WARNING! Crushing hazard when folding down the side guards! Before folding down the side guards ensure that there is no one in the danger zone.

„ Actuate the double-acting control unit (2+) until the side guards (1) are folded down.

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Secure the guard cloths using the turnlock fasteners (2).

Warning panel

The warning panels are used to improve the visibility of the machine in road traffic.

Folding down warning panel (transport position)

1

KMG000-111

„ Fold down the warning panels (1) for transport position.

62

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

8.4.2

Folding up warning panel (working position)

Operation

Locking/releasing stop cock

8

8.5

8.5

1

KMG000-112

„ Fold up the warning panels (1) for working position.

Locking/releasing stop cock

KMG000-089

Locking

„ Move stop cock (1) into position (I).

Releasing

„ Move the stop cock (1) into position (II).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 63

8

8.6

8.6

Operation

Lowering machine from transport position to working position

Lowering machine from transport position to working position

WARNING

Danger to life, injuries or damage to the machine due to uncontrolled lowering of the machine

When lowering the machine into the working position, people or animals in the swivel range may be seriously injured and the machine may be damaged.

„ Lower the machine only when you are absolutely sure that there are no persons, animals or objects in the swivel range of the machine.

„ Only switch on the PTO shaft when the machine is in the working position.

„ Move the control unit for the front hydraulics into the float position until the mower has been lowered into the working position.

„ Move the control unit for the front hydraulics into the float position for mowing.

8.7

8.8

Raising machine from working position to transport position

„ Actuate the control unit for the front hydraulics until the mower is raised to transport position.

„ Lock the control unit for the front hydraulics.

Field mode

Game animal protection

64

EQ001-034

When mowing from “outside to inside”, the animals are slowly forced from the safe boundary area into the centre of the area, which makes the possibility for a life-saving escape for the animal more difficult or takes it away.

A remedy for this issue is the mowing method from “inside to outside” of the area.

Instead of mowing any edge sections at first, the operator drives straight into the middle of the field and then mows in a left-handed spiral "from the inside to the outside". This allows animals to escape from the field unharmed by following their natural instinct to flee.

Preparation for mowing

ü All items listed in chapter "Start-up" are fulfilled,

see Page 46

.

ü The stop cock for tractor front hydraulics is open.

ü

The warning panels have been folded up, see Page 62

.

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü The safety devices are folded down,

see Page 60

.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

8.9

Operation

Hydraulic transverse movement

Mowing

„ Prior to driving into the crops, switch on the tractor PTO shaft at idle speed and slowly accelerate to rated speed.

„ Drive into the crops.

„ Check the ground pressure during mowing,

see Page 73

.

„ To ensure a clean cutting pattern, adjust the driving and cutting speeds to the prevailing conditions (soil condition, state of the crops, height, density).

INFO

Leave the control unit for front hydraulics in the float position during mowing.

8

8.9

NOTICE

Damage to the machine caused by reversing

The machine is designed to drive forwards. Never reverse while the machine is switched on and in working position.

„ Lift the machine before reversing.

Hydraulic transverse movement

X

I

X

II

KM000-964

You can actuate the double-acting control unit to shift the mower from the central position by

X=15 cm to the left or X=15 cm to the right, both in working position and in transport position.

„ When you actuate the double-acting control unit (+), the mower moves 15 cm from the

central position (I) to the arrow (II) to the right or left, see Page 38

.

„ When you actuate the double-acting control unit (-), the mower moves back to the central

position (I), see Page 38 .

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 65

9 Driving and Transport

9 Driving and Transport

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

WARNING

Risk of accident caused by non-locked regulating valves of tractor

When regulating valves are not locked, machine components could be activated unintentionally. This may result in serious accidents.

„ To avoid that functions are triggered by mistake, the regulating valves of the tractor must be in neutral position when performing transport journeys on the road and must be locked.

WARNING

Risk of accident from open stop cocks

Machine components could be moved unintentionally when stop cocks are open. This may result in serious accidents.

„ In order to avoid that functions are triggered by mistake, the stop cock/s must be closed during transport/road travel.

NOTICE

When attaching implements at the front and rear, the permitted total weight, the permitted axle loads and the tyre load capacity of the tractor must not be exceeded. Even with an implement mounted at the rear, the front axle of the tractor must always be loaded with at least 20% of the tare weight of the tractor.

„ Prior to starting the trip, ensure that these conditions are met,

see Page 46 .

66

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

9.1

Driving and Transport

Preparing the machine for road travel

Preparing the machine for road travel

9

9.1

1 1

KMG000-057

ü

All items listed in chapter "Start-up" have been fulfilled, see Page 46 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

ü The hydraulic hoses are connected,

see Page 55 .

ü

The universal shaft is mounted, see Page 57 .

ü

The front guard is closed and locked, see Page 58

.

ü

The side guards are folded up, see Page 60 .

ü

The warning panels have been folded down, see Page 62 .

ü The machine is in central position,

see Page 65

.

ü

The machine is in the transport position, see Page 64

.

ü For "Hydraulic side guards" version: The stop cocks on the hydraulic hoses are closed,

see Page 63

.

ü The control units on the tractor are in neutral position and locked.

ü The guard cloths of the side guards (1) of the side guards are laid towards the inside.

ü Depending on the national regulations:

The lighting is connected and functional, see

Page 56 .

ü Depending on the national regulations:

The lost load centre has been checked, see

Page 57 .

ü Soiling and crop residue have been removed from the machine, in particular from the lighting and identification elements.

ü Ground clearance is sufficient.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 67

9

9.2

9.2

Driving and Transport

Parking the machine

Parking the machine

1 3

2

6 5 4

KMG000-019

„

Set the machine to the central position, see Page 65 .

„

Lower the machine via the front hydraulics, see Page 64

.

6

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Depressurise the tractor hydraulics.

„ For "Relief springs" version: Remove the supporting chains (1) of the spring relief at the tractor side.

„ Remove the supporting chain (4) of the universal shaft on the tractor side.

„ Remove the universal shaft (5) on the tractor side and lay it down on the universal shaft bracket (6).

„ For version with "Lighting": Pull the 7-pin plug of the connection cable out of the 7-pin socket of the tractor and place it on the machine.

„ Uncouple the hydraulic hose(s) (2) from the tractor, mount the dust cap(s) and put them on the machine.

„ Detach the top link (3).

„ Unlock the lower link hooks on the tractor.

„ Continue to lower the front linkage until the lower link pins are free.

„ Carefully drive away by reversing the tractor.

68

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

9.3

9.3.1

Driving and Transport

Preparing the machine for shipment

9

9.3

Preparing the machine for shipment

Lifting the machine

WARNING

Risk of injury due to raised machine

There is a risk to individuals from the machine falling and parts which are swinging in an uncontrolled manner.

„ Use only permitted hoists and slings with a sufficient load-bearing capacity. For the weights

see Page 36 .

„ Note the information on the suspension points provided.

„ Make sure the lifting means are properly secured.

„ Never stay under the suspended machine.

„

If work has to be performed under the machine, securely support the machine, see

Page 23 .

1

942 012 1

KMG000-108

ü The machine is in the working position.

ü The machine is dismounted from the tractor.

The machine is equipped with 2 suspension points:

• The suspension points (1) are at the left and the right on the support frame.

„ Ensure that the hoist is mounted correctly on the anchor points.

To lift the machine, ensure that a hoist is used whose minimum lifting capacity depends on the permissible total weight of the machine; see chapter "Technical data",

see Page 36

.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 69

9

9.3

9.3.2

Driving and Transport

Preparing the machine for shipment

Lashing the machine

WARNING

Danger to life caused by uncontrolled machine movement

If the machine is not properly lashed for transportation by vehicle, the machine may move in an uncontrolled manner and endanger people.

„ Before transporting the machine, secure it properly using suitable lashing material.

Before transporting the machine, secure it in appropriate places using suitable lashing material.

„ Ensure that the machine is lashed in such a way that it cannot move in an uncontrolled manner when transported by vehicle.

70

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

10

10.1

Settings 10

Setting the cutting height 10.1

Settings

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

Setting the cutting height

1

KMG000-035

The cutting height is adjusted via the top link (1).

Setting range of cutting height,

see Page 36 .

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

„ Turn the top link until the cutting height is set.

ð Top link longer = smaller cutting height

ð Top link shorter = greater cutting height

For version with "high-cut skids"

The cutting height can be increased using high-cut skids.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 71

10 Settings

10.2

Telescopic top link

10.2

KMG000-025

ü The machine is in transport position.

ü

The machine is supported safely, see Page 23

.

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ The high-cut skids must always be mounted underneath the cutting discs that run next to the mower drums.

„ Insert the high-cut skid (2) into the sliding skid (1) and screw it in place.

Telescopic top link

For "Telescopic top link" version

72

KMG000-060

In order to allow the front mounted mower to adapt to the ground in the direction of travel, a telescopic top link can be purchased as optional additional equipment.

ü

The machine has been lifted into the transport position via the front hydraulics, see

Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ To release the ground tracking in the direction of travel, shift the lockclip (1).

Setting cutting height

Setting range of cutting height,

see Page 36 .

ü The machine has been lowered into the working position via the front hydraulics,

see

Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ To set the cutting height, loosen the counter nuts (2,3).

„ Turn the top link until the cutting height is set.

ð Top link longer = smaller cutting height

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

10.3

Settings 10

Adjusting the relief spring(s) 10.3

ð Top link shorter = greater cutting height

„ Tighten the counter nuts (2,3).

Adjusting the relief spring(s)

For "Relief springs" version

WARNING

Risk of injury due to adjustment of relief spring(s)

In the working position the relief spring(s) are subject to high drawing tension. In case an attempt is made to remove or adjust the relief spring(s) when the machine is in the working position, people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The relief spring(s) must only be dismounted or adjusted in the transport position.

„ The bottom fittings on the relief spring(s) are fully screwed in.

The relief springs (1) are used to adjust the ground pressure of the cutterbar to the local conditions. To protect the sward, the load on the cutterbar must be relieved so that it does not jump during mowing and does not leave any brush marks on the ground either.

The ground pressure of the mower can be adjusted at the perforated bar, the length of the supporting chain and (when using the turnbuckle) at the turnbuckle.

Increasing/reducing ground pressure via the perforated bars

1

III

II

I

KM000-974

Borehole (I) = maximum mower relief = minimum ground pressure

Borehole (III) =minimum mower relief = maximum ground pressure

ü The machine is in the transport position.

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Engage the relief spring (1) in one of the boreholes (I) to (III).

Engage the relief springs in the same boreholes on both sides.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 73

10 Settings

10.3

Adjusting the relief spring(s)

Increasing/reducing ground pressure via supporting chains

KM000-377

I) With turnbuckle II) Without turnbuckle

Supporting chain short = high mower relief = low ground pressure

Supporting chain long = low mower relief = high ground pressure

ü The machine is in the transport position.

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ To increase the ground pressure, extend the supporting chain (1).

„ To reduce the ground pressure, shorten the supporting chain (1).

The supporting chains should have the same length on both sides.

Increasing/reducing ground pressure via turnbuckles

WARNING

Risk of injury due to incorrectly set turnbuckles

If the dimension X=230 mm is exceeded, the thread end of the turnbuckle may tear off and the mower may lower unintentionally. People may be seriously injured or killed, as a result.

„ Never set the turnbuckle to a dimension greater than X = 230 mm .

74

KM000-378

Reduce dimension X = increased mower relief = lower ground pressure

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

10.4

Settings 10

Setting the safety device 10.4

Increase dimension X = reduced mower relief = higher ground pressure

ü The machine is in the transport position.

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Dismount the supporting chain (2) from the turnbuckle (1).

„ To reduce the ground pressure, reduce the dimension X.

„ To increase the ground pressure, increase the dimension X.

„ Mount the supporting chain (2) on the turnbuckle (1).

„ The supporting chains (2) must be attached identically on both sides.

Setting the safety device

1 1 1

3

2

KMG000-078

The protective equipment can be adapted to harvesting conditions by adjusting the guards. In order to avoid that crop stalks bend because the guards are too low, set the guards higher. To avoid that stones are slung away when the crops are low, set the guards lower.

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Loosen the screw connections (2) at both sides of the supporting frame (3), do not dismount them.

„ Using the oblong holes, move the safety devices (1) to the desired position.

„ Tighten the screw connections (2).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 75

11 Maintenance - General Information

11.1

Maintenance table

11 Maintenance - General Information

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

WARNING

Risk of injury caused by test run of the machine

If a test run is performed after repair, maintenance or cleaning work or after technical intervention, the machine may behave unpredictably. Thus there is a risk of serious injuries or death.

ü The machine is in working position.

„ Do not switch on the drives until the mower is resting on the ground and you are absolutely sure that there is no one in the danger zone.

„ The test run of the machine must only be started from the driver's seat.

11.1

11.1.1

76

Maintenance table

Maintenance – Before the season

Checking oil level

Input gearbox

Main gearbox

Cutterbar

see Page 87

see Page 88

see Page 94

Components

Change/replace blades

Check/replace cutting discs/mower drums

see Page 90

see Page 103

Check/change retaining bolts (blade screw connection)

Check/replace retaining bolts (blade quick fastener)

see Page 102 see Page 102

Check/change blade carrier (blade quick fastener)

see Page 102

Check/replace abutting edge on the cutterbar

see Page 93

Vent friction clutch

Tighten screws/nuts

see Page 81

see Page 78

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Maintenance - General Information 11

Maintenance table 11.1

Components

Check guard cloths

see Page 84

Check the hydraulic hoses for leaks and, if necessary, have them replaced by a KRONE service partner.

see Page 86

Check the electrical connection cables and, if necessary, have them repaired or changed by a KRONE service partner

Checking/setting all the machine settings

see Page 71

11.1.2

Maintenance – After the season

Components

Clean the machine

Lubricate the machine according to the lubrication chart

Lubricate the universal shaft

Release the springs

Grease the threads of the setting screws

Grease the uncoated piston rods of all hydraulic cylinders and insert as far as possible

Lightly coat with oil all those lever joints and bearing positions which cannot be lubricated

Touch up damaged paint and preserve uncoated areas with rust protection agent

Check that all moveable components move freely. If required, dismount, clean, grease and remount.

Park the machine in a weatherproof and dry location which is not in close proximity to corrosive substances

Move the machine every 2 months

see Page 84

see Page 98

see Page 97

11.1.3

Maintenance - Once after 50 hours

Changing oil

Input gearbox

Main gearbox

see Page 87

see Page 88

11.1.4

Maintenance - Every 10 hours, but at least once a day

Checking oil level

Input gearbox

Main gearbox

Cutterbar

see Page 87

see Page 88

see Page 94

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 77

11 Maintenance - General Information

11.2

Tightening torques

Components

Change/replace blades

Check/replace cutting discs/mower drums

Check/change retaining bolts (blade screw connection)

Check/replace retaining bolts (blade quick fastener)

Check/change blade carrier (blade quick fastener)

Check guard cloths

see Page 90

see Page 103

see Page 102 see Page 102 see Page 102

see Page 84

11.1.5

Maintenance - Every 50 hours

Components

Tighten screws/nuts

11.1.6

Maintenance - Every 200 hours

Changing oil

Input gearbox

Main gearbox

see Page 78

see Page 87

see Page 88

11.2

Tightening torques

Deviating tightening torques

All screw connections must in general be tightened with the listed tightening torques following.

Deviations from the tables are marked accordingly.

Metric thread screws with control thread

INFO

The table does not apply to countersunk screws with hexagon socket in case the countersunk screw is tightened via hexagon socket.

78

DV000-001

X Thread size 1 Strength class on screw head

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

X

M16

M20

M22

M24

M27

M30

M4

M5

M6

M8

M10

M12

M14

Strength class

5.6

8.8

Tightening torque (Nm)

3.0

5.9

10

29

42

25

49

85

135

210

425

571

730

1,100

1,450

Metric thread screws with fine thread

Maintenance - General Information 11

Tightening torques 11.2

10.9

310

610

832

1,050

1,550

2,100

4.4

8.7

15

36

72

125

200

12.9

365

710

972

1,220

1,800

2,450

5.1

10

18

43

84

145

235

DV000-001

X Thread size

X

M12 x 1.5

M14 x 1.5

M16 x 1.5

M18 x 1.5

M20 x 1.5

M24 x 2

M27 x 2

M30 x 1.5

Strength class

5.6

8.8

Tightening torque (Nm)

88

145

222

368

465

787

1,148

800

1 Strength class on screw head

10.9

130

213

327

525

662

1,121

1,635

2,100

12.9

152

249

382

614

775

1,312

1,914

2,650

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 79

11 Maintenance - General Information

11.2

Tightening torques

Metric thread screws with countersunk head and hexagon socket

INFO

The table applies only to countersunk screws with hexagon socket and metric thread tightened via hexagon socket.

80

M4

M5

M6

M8

M10

M12

M14

M16

M20

DV000-000

X Thread size

X Strength class

5.6

8.8

Tightening torque (Nm)

2.5

4.7

23

34

8

20

39

68

108

168

340

1 Strength class on screw head

10.9

58

100

160

248

488

3.5

7

12

29

12.9

67

116

188

292

568

4.1

8

15

35

Locking screws on the gearboxes

INFO

The tightening torques only apply to assembly of locking screws, viewing glasses, ventilation and breather filters and bleed valves in gearboxes with cast housings or aluminium or steel housings. The term “locking screw” includes the drain plug, the inspection screw as well as the ventilation and breather filters.

This table applies only to locking screws with external hexagon in connection with copper seal ring and for bleed valves made of brass with shaped seal ring.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

11.3

11.4

Maintenance - General Information 11

Deviating tightening torques 11.3

Thread

M10x1

M12x1.5

G1/4“

M14x1.5

M16x1.5

45

M18x1.5

50

M20x1.5

Locking screw and sight glass with copper ring 1

Bleed valve made of brass

Ventilation/breather filter made of steel

Steel and cast Aluminium

Ventilation/breather filter made of brass

Steel and cast

Maximum tightening torque (Nm) (±10%)

Aluminium

8

14

14

40

45

16

24

30

32

24

30

G1/2“

M22x1.5

M24x1.5

G3/4“

M33x2

G1“

M42x1.5

G1 1/4“

32

35

60

60

80

80

100

100

1  Always replace copper rings.

Deviating tightening torques

Screws/nuts

Nut for shear protection (rotary hub)

Bearing housing for cutting disc

Bearing housing for mower drum

Tightening torque

300 Nm

55 Nm

55 Nm

Venting the friction clutch

NOTICE

Interventions in the friction clutch will lead to a loss of guarantee!

Interventions in the friction clutch change the slip torque. Therefore the machine may be damaged considerably.

„ Never intervene in the overload protection.

„ Only use KRONE original spare parts.

Overloading and brief torque peaks limit the torque and transfer it evenly during slipping.

To guarantee the function, friction clutches must be bled before the initial start-up and after a prolonged standstill. To do this, the friction linings must be relieved and the clutch manually rotated.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 81

11 Maintenance - General Information

11.4

Venting the friction clutch

The friction clutch is designed with a permanently adjusted turning torque M

R

. The torque is applied to the housing of the friction clutch (2).

Bleeding friction clutch (Walterscheid series K92, K96, K97)

I

1 1

II

1

2

1 1

KM000-899

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Follow the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Remove the universal shaft.

„ Tighten the nuts (1) evenly (I), as a result of which the friction discs are relieved.

ð The friction discs are relieved.

„ Turn the friction clutch (2).

„ Then slacken the nuts (1) again as far as the thread run-out (II).

Bleeding friction clutch (Walterscheid series K90, K94, K92E)

3 1

82

2

4

KM000-900

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Follow the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Remove the universal shaft.

„ Measure dimension "L" on the compression spring (3) or on the setting screw (1).

„ Loosen the screws (1) or (4), as a result of which the friction discs are relieved.

ð The friction discs are relieved.

„ Turn the friction clutch (2).

„ Set the screws (1) or (4) again to the dimension "L".

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Maintenance - General Information 11

Venting the friction clutch 11.4

Bleeding the friction clutch (Walterscheid series K90/4T)

1

2

KM000-988

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Follow the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Remove the universal shaft.

„ Loosen the hexagon nuts (1) evenly but do not dismount them.

ð The friction discs are relieved.

„ Turn the friction clutch (2).

„ Tighten the hexagon nuts (1) evenly.

Venting friction clutch (ByPy)

KM000-603

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Follow the operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Remove the universal shaft.

„ Loosen the cap nuts (1) uniformly but do not remove them.

ð The friction discs are relieved.

„ Turn the friction clutch (2).

„ Screw in the cap nuts (1) completely.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 83

11 Maintenance - General Information

11.5

Checking guard cloths

11.5

Checking guard cloths

11.6

1 1 1 1

KMG000-010

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Carry out a visual inspection of the guard cloth (1) to ensure that there are no cracks and damage.

Æ The machine can be used when there are no cracks or damages.

Æ Replace guard cloths in case of cracks or damage.

Cleaning the machine

WARNING

Eye damage caused by flying dirt particles!

When cleaning the machine with compressed air or with high-pressure cleaner, the dirt particles are slung away at high speed. The dirt particles may hit the eyes and hurt them.

„ Keep persons away from working range.

„ When performing cleaning work with compressed air or with high-pressure cleaner, wear suitable working clothes (for example eye protection).

NOTICE

Machine damaged by water from a high-pressure cleaner

Bearings and electric or electronic components can be damaged if you aim the water jet of a high-pressure cleaner directly at them during cleaning.

„ Never direct the water jet of a high-pressure cleaner at bearings, electric/electronic components or safety labels.

„ Replace missing, damaged and unrecognisable safety labels.

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ After each use, remove husk and dust from the machine.

84

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

12

Maintenance - Hydraulic System 12

Maintenance - Hydraulic System

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

WARNING

Hydraulic hoses are subject to ageing

Hydraulic hoses may wear depending on pressure, heat load and the effect of UV rays.

People can be seriously injured or killed by damaged hydraulic hoses.

The date of manufacture appears on the hydraulic hoses. This way the age can be ascertained quickly.

Replacement of the hydraulic hoses is recommended after a lifetime of six years.

„ Use original spare parts when replacing hoses.

NOTICE

Damage to the machine due to soiling of the hydraulic system

If foreign objects or liquids get into the hydraulic system, the hydraulic system may be severely damaged.

„ Clean hydraulic connections and components before removal.

„ Seal open hydraulic connections with protective caps.

„ Ensure that foreign objects or liquids do not get into the hydraulic system.

NOTICE

Storing and disposing of oils and used oil filters

If oil and used oil filters are not stored and disposed of properly, the environment may be damaged.

„ Store or dispose of used oil and oil filters according to statutory provisions.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 85

12 Maintenance - Hydraulic System

12.1

Hydraulic oil

12.1

Hydraulic oil

NOTICE

Damage to the hydraulic system caused by non approved hydraulic oils

If non-approved hydraulic oils or a mixture of different oils are used, the hydraulic system may be damaged.

„ Never mix different types of oil.

„ Never use engine oil.

„ Use approved hydraulic oils only.

Filling quantities and types of oil, see Page 36

.

12.2

Checking hydraulic hoses

Hydraulic hoses are subject to natural aging. This limits their service life. The recommended service life is 6 years, including a maximum storage time of 2 years. The date of manufacture is printed on the hydraulic hoses. When checking hydraulic hoses, the state-specific conditions

(e.g., BGVU) must be observed.

Performing a visual inspection

„ Visually inspect all hydraulic hoses for damage and leaks and have them replaced by an authorised specialist if necessary.

86

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

13

13.1

Maintenance - Gearbox 13

Overview of gearboxes 13.1

Maintenance - Gearbox

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

Overview of gearboxes

2 1

13.2

KMG000-105

1 Main gearbox

input gearbox

2 Input gearbox

3

1

KMG000-005

INFO

The oil level must be checked and the oil must be changed in working position and with machine in horizontal position.

„ Dismount the gearbox,

see Page 43

.

2

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 87

13 Maintenance - Gearbox

13.3

Main gearbox

Checking oil level

„ Remove the locking screw from the inspection hole (1).

ð If the oil reaches the inspection hole (1):

„ Mount the locking screw of the inspection hole (1); tightening torque

see Page 80 .

ð If the oil does not reach the inspection hole (1):

„ Remove the locking screw from the filling hole (3).

„ Refill with fresh oil up to the inspection hole (1) via the filling hole (3).

„ Screw the locking screw into the inspection hole (1) and the locking screw into the filling

hole (3), tightening torque see Page 80

.

13.3

Changing the oil

ü A suitable container is available for escaping oil.

„ Unscrew the locking screw of the inspection hole (1) and the locking screw of the filling hole (3).

„ Unscrew the drain plug (2) and drain the oil.

„

Mount the drain plug (2), tightening torque see Page 80 .

„ Top up with fresh oil via the filling hole (3) up to the inspection hole (1).

„ Screw the locking screw into the inspection hole (1) and the locking screw into the filling

hole (3), tightening torque see Page 80

.

„

Mount the gearbox, see Page 43 .

Main gearbox

88

3

1

2

KMG000-073

„ Comply with the safety routine "Safe execution of oil level check, oil and filter element exchange",

see Page 24 .

INFO

The oil level must be checked and the oil must be changed in working position and with machine in horizontal position.

Checking oil level

„ Remove the locking screw from the inspection hole (1).

ð If the oil reaches the inspection hole (1):

„

Screw the locking screw into the inspection hole (1), tightening torque see Page 80

.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Maintenance - Gearbox 13

Main gearbox 13.3

ð If the oil does not reach the inspection hole (1):

„ Remove the locking screw from the filling hole (3).

„ Refill with fresh oil up to the inspection hole (1) via the filling hole (3).

„ Screw the locking screw into the inspection hole (1) and the locking screw into the filling

hole (3), tightening torque see Page 80

.

Changing oil

ü A suitable container is available for escaping oil.

„ Unscrew the locking screw of the inspection hole (1) and the locking screw of the filling hole

(3).

„ Unscrew the drain plug (2) and drain the oil.

„ Mount the drain plug (2), Anziehdrehmoment

see Page 80 .

„ Top up new oil via the filling hole (3) up to the inspection hole (1).

„ Mount the locking screw of the inspection hole (1) and the locking screw of the filling hole

(3), Anziehdrehmoment

see Page 80

.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 89

14 Maintenance - Cutterbar

14.1

Rotary hub

14 Maintenance - Cutterbar

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

14.1

14.2

90

Rotary hub

Abbreviations used in this figure:

A

B

= Direction of rotation “A” to the centre

= Direction of rotation “B” in pairs

RE = eccentric bearing housing (clockwise), without distinctive groove

LE = eccentric bearing housing (rotating anticlockwise), with distinctive groove

For protection against overload of mowers, the rotary hubs (1) are secured with nuts (2) and shear pins (3).

When driving onto obstacles (e.g. stones), the both shear pins in the rotary hub will shear off.

The rotary hub incl. nut turns upward on the pinion shaft.

• The cutting discs or drums which move the crop to the left (LH) in the direction of travel have left-handed thread.

• The cutting discs or drums which transport the crop to the right (RH) in the direction of travel have right-handed thread.

To distinguish between right-hand (clockwise) rotation (RH) and left-hand (anti-clockwise) rotation (LH), the nuts (2) and the pinion shafts (4) for the left-hand rotation (LH) have a distinctive groove (a, b).

• The nuts (2) with left-handed thread (LH) have distinctive grooves (a) on the bevel.

• The pinion shafts (4) with left-handed thread (LH) have a distinctive groove (b) on the face.

Check/change blades

WARNING

Missing, damaged or incorrectly mounted blades and blade supports

If blades are missing, damaged or incorrectly mounted, dangerous unbalanced rotation may be caused and parts may fly around. People may be seriously injured or killed as a result.

„ Check the blades at least once a day and the retaining bolts every time after changing the blades or after contact with foreign objects.

„ Immediately replace missing, damaged or incorrectly mounted blades and blade supports.

„ To avoid imbalance, always replace missing and damaged blades in kits and never mount unevenly worn blades on a cutting disc/mower drum.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Version with blade screw connection

Maintenance - Cutterbar 14

Check/change blades 14.2

Version with blade quick fastener

14.2.1

KM000-039 / KM000-040

„ Whenever a blade is changed or following contact with foreign objects, check retaining bolts and, if required, have them replaced by authorized specialists,

see Page 102 .

Checking the blade for wear

WARNING

Risk of injury due to low material thickness on the blades

If the material thickness on the blades is too low, the blades may loosen due to high rotating speed. Thus there is a risk of serious injuries or death.

„ Replace the blades at the latest when the wear limit is reached.

ð The wear limit is reached when the borehole of the blade touches the marking (1) on the blade or the dimension X is equal to or less than 13 mm .

KM000-038

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„

Fold up the front guard, see Page 58

.

WARNING! Risk of injury due to sharp blades! Wear suitable protective gloves.

„ Clean the area around the blades, cutting discs and mower drums.

„ Check wear limit.

ð If the dimension is X>13 mm , the wear limit is not reached.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 91

14 Maintenance - Cutterbar

14.2

Check/change blades

ð If the dimension X is ≤13 mm or the borehole touches the marking (1), the blade must be replaced.

„

Fold down the front guard, see Page 58

.

14.2.2

Changing blades for the “blade screw connection” version

92

KM000-044

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„

Fold up the front guard, see Page 58

.

WARNING! Risk of injury due to sharp blades! Wear suitable protective gloves.

„ Clean the area around the blades, cutting discs and mower drums.

„ Remove the damaged or worn blade.

„

Check the fastening elements of the blade, see Page 102

. Also replace worn or damaged fastening parts.

INFO: The blades for anti-clockwise and clockwise rotating cutting discs/mower drums differ.

When installing the blades, ensure that the direction of rotation is correct. The arrow on the blade must match the direction of rotation of the corresponding cutting disc/mower drum.

„ Insert the new blade (5) between the wear skid (2) and the cutting disc (1).

„ Insert the retaining bolt (3) from below through the wear skid (2), the blade (5) and the cutting disc (1).

INFO: Only use the locknut (4) once.

„ Screw the locknut (4) from above onto the retaining bolt (3) and tighten it; tightening torque

see Page 78

.

„ Repeat the process for all blades.

„

Fold down the front guard, see Page 58

.

INFO

Clockwise rotating blades can be ordered by stating order number 00 139 889 *.

Anticlockwise rotating blades can be ordered by stating order number 00 139 888 *.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

14.2.3

Maintenance - Cutterbar 14

Checking/replacing linings on cutterbar 14.3

Changing blades for the “blade quick fastener” version

1

2 3

4

4

5

2

3

KM000-045

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„

Fold up the front guard, see Page 58

.

WARNING! Risk of injury due to sharp blades! Wear suitable protective gloves.

„ Clean the area around the blades, cutting discs and mower drums.

„ To remove the blade (2), insert the blade wrench (1) between the cutting disc (4) and the blade carrier (3) as far as it will go, press it down with one hand and hold it.

„

Check the fastening parts of the blade (2), see Page 102 . Also replace worn or damaged

fastening parts.

INFO: The blades for anti-clockwise and clockwise rotating cutting discs/mower drums differ.

When installing the blades, ensure that the direction of rotation is correct. The arrow on the blade must match the direction of rotation of the corresponding cutting disc/mower drum.

„ To insert the new blade (2), insert the blade key (1) between the cutting disc (4) and the blade carrier (3) as far as it will go, press it down with one hand and hold it.

„ Guide the blade (2) onto the retaining bolt (5) and release the blade key (1) in a controlled manner with your hand.

„ Repeat the process for all blades.

„

Fold down the front guard, see Page 58

.

INFO

Alternatively, the blades can be changed with the QuickChange tool.

INFO

Clockwise rotating blades can be ordered by stating order number 00 139 889 *.

Anticlockwise rotating blades can be ordered by stating order number 00 139 888 *.

14.3

Checking/replacing linings on cutterbar

NOTICE

Impact stops are checked irregularly

The impact stops are subject to natural wear and must be inspected daily for wear and replaced if required. If there is no inspection, the machine may be damaged.

„ Adjust the welding current and the welding material to the cutterbar material and to the impact stop. If required, carry out a test weld.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 93

14 Maintenance - Cutterbar

14.4

Checking oil level

KM000-081

„ Open the welding seams of the old lining.

„ Remove lining.

„ Deburr the contact areas.

14.4

KM000-080

„ Fit the new lining (3).

„ Weld short I seams on the upper side of the cutterbar in the sections (1) (each should be approx. 30 mm). INFORMATION: The edges (2) must not be welded.

„ On the bottom of the cutterbar, weld the lining (3) to the cutterbar along the whole length in section (5). INFORMATION: The edges (4) must not be welded.

Checking oil level

INFO

There is no need to change the oil on the cutterbar.

Before checking the oil level on the cutterbar, the cutterbar must be aligned levelly by means of a spirit level.

94

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Maintenance - Cutterbar 14

Checking oil level 14.4

KM000-284

„ Comply with the safety routine "Safe execution of oil level check, oil and filter element exchange",

see Page 24 .

„

Shut down and safeguard the machine, see Page 23

.

Aligning cutterbar in transverse direction (direction of travel)

„ Place the spirit level (1) diagonally on the cutterbar.

„ Align the cutterbar using the spirit level (1) and readjust, if necessary, via cutting height

setting, see Page 71 .

Aligning the cutterbar in longitudinal direction

„ Place the spirit level (1) on two cutting discs.

„ Align the cutterbar using the spirit level (1); align it horizontally using wedges, if necessary.

Checking oil level

KM000-036

„ Release the locking screw of the inspection hole (1).

ð The oil level must reach up to the inspection hole (1).

If the oil reaches the inspection hole (1):

„

Mount the locking screw of the inspection hole (1), see Page 80 .

If the oil does not reach the inspection hole (1):

„ Top up new oil via the inspection hole (1) up to the inspection hole (1).

„

Mount the locking screw of the inspection hole (1), see Page 80 .

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 95

15 Maintenance - Lubrication

15 Maintenance - Lubrication

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

NOTICE

Environmental damage caused by consumables

If consumables are not stored and disposed of properly, they may escape into the environment. As a result, the environment will be damaged, even by small quantities.

„ Store the consumables in suitable containers according to the statutory provisions.

„ Dispose of used consumables according to statutory provisions.

NOTICE

Bearing positions will be damaged

If different lubricating greases are used, the lubricated components may be damaged.

„ Do not use lubricating greases which contain graphite.

„ Do not use different lubricating greases.

96

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

15.1

Lubricating universal shaft

Lubricate universally-jointed drive shaft

100h 100h

Maintenance - Lubrication 15

Lubricating universal shaft 15.1

250h 250h

KMG000-007

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Observe operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Lubricate the universal shaft with multi-purpose grease at the intervals indicated in the figure.

Lubricating intermediate universal shaft

250h 250h

100h 100h

15.2

KMG000-069

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Observe operating instructions of the universal shaft manufacturer.

„ Lubricate the universal shaft with multi-purpose grease at the intervals indicated in the figure.

Lubrication chart - Machine

The information on maintenance intervals is based on average load of the machine. In case of an increased load and under extreme working conditions, the time periods must be reduced.

The types of lubrication are marked by means of icons in the lubrication chart, refer to table.

Type of lubrication

Grease

Lubricant

Multi-purpose grease

Comment

„ Apply two strokes of lubricating grease from the grease gun per grease nipple.

„ Remove excess lubricating grease at the grease nipple.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 97

15 Maintenance - Lubrication

15.2

Lubrication chart - Machine

1 2

KMG000-008

Every 50 operating hours

1) 2)

98

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

16

16.1

Malfunction, cause and remedy 16

General disturbances 16.1

Malfunction, cause and remedy

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

General disturbances

Disturbance: The cutting quality is not adequate.

Possible cause

The cutting height has been set too high.

The rotational speed is too low.

The blades are blunt.

Remedy

„ Reduce the cutting height,

see Page 71

.

„

„

Increase the rotational speed.

Change the blades,

see Page 90 .

Disturbance: The mower cannot be adjusted to the unevenness of the ground.

Possible cause

The tractor hydraulics is not in the float position.

Remedy

„ Set tractor hydraulics to float position,

see Page 38 .

Disturbance: The forage contamination is high.

Possible cause

Relief is too weak.

Remedy

„ Increase the relief,

see Page 73

.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 99

17 Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians

17.1

Replacing the shear bolt at the rotary hub

17 Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians

This chapter describes repair, maintenance and adjustment work on the machine which may be performed by qualified technicians only. The chapter "Personnel qualification of the technicians"

must be read and observed in full, see Page 13

.

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of relevant safety notices

If the relevant safety notices are not observed, persons may get seriously injured or killed.

„

To avoid accidents, the basic safety instructions must be read and observed, see

Page 12 .

WARNING

Risk of injury due to non-observance of safety instructions

If the relevant safety routines are not observed, persons may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The safety routines must be read and observed to avoid accidents,

see Page 23 .

WARNING

Risk of injury or damage to the machine due to incorrect repair, maintenance and setting work.

Machines that are not repaired, maintained or set by technicians can exhibit faults caused by a lack of knowledge. As a result, people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ Only an authorised technician may carry out repair, maintenance and setting work at the machine.

„ Observe the qualification of technicians,

see Page 13

.

17.1

Replacing the shear bolt at the rotary hub

NOTICE

Wrong installation position

The machine may be damaged if the installation position of the bearing housings is not observed.

„ Clockwise rotating (RH) cutting discs / mower drums always have right-handed pinion shaft and nut (no groove mark on pinion shaft and nut).

„ Anti-clockwise rotating (LH) cutting discs / mower drums always have left-handed pinion shaft and nut (with groove mark on pinion shaft and nut).

100

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians 17

Replacing the shear bolt at the rotary hub 17.1

KM000-049_1

ü

The machine is in the working position, see Page 64 .

ü

The machine is shut down and safeguarded, see Page 23

.

„ Dismount the cutting disc or the mower drum at the rotary hub with the defective shear bolt.

„ Remove the retaining ring (7).

„ Unscrew the screws (8).

„ Dismount the nut (2) by using the special key (10) included with delivery.

„ Dismount the hub (1).

„ Remove the damaged shear pins (3).

„ Check the nut and the hub for damage.

INFO : Replace damaged parts by KRONE original spare parts.

„ Fill the space above the bearing with grease (c).

„ Place the hub on the pinion shaft.

INFO : Observe the position of the shear pins. The slots of the shear pins (3) must be mounted facing each other horizontally , see detail (I).

„ Punch the new shear pins from the outside through the hub (1) and the shaft (4) until the end of the pin reaches the surface of the hub (d).

„ Using the special spanner (10), tighten the nut (2) with a tightening torque of 300 Nm .

„ Fit the screws (8) with detent edged washers.

„ Mount retaining ring (7).

„ Mount the cutting disc (5) or the mower drum (6).

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 101

17 Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians

17.2

Checking/replacing retaining bolts

17.2

Checking/replacing retaining bolts

WARNING

Risk of injury due to low material thickness on the retaining bolts

If the material thickness on the retaining bolts is too low, the blades may loosen due to the high rotating speed. As a result, people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ Whenever a blade is changed, check the material thickness of the retaining bolts.

„ When the retaining bolts are damaged or worn, replace them in kits per cutting disc/ mower drum.

„ The retaining bolts must be replaced at the latest when the material thickness at the thinnest point is below 14 mm .

Blade screw connection design Blade quick fastener design

17.3

KM000-039 / KM000-040

Checking/replacing blade carrier

"Blade quick fastener" version

WARNING

Risk of injury due to low material thickness and/or worn application seam on the blade carriers

If the material thickness is too low and/or an application seam on the blade carrier is worn, blades may loosen due to the high rotating speed. As a result, people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The blade carriers must be checked at least once a day or after contact with foreign objects.

„ Whenever a blade is changed, check the material thickness of the blade carriers.

„ The material thickness of the blade carriers must not be less than 3 mm at the weakest point.

„ The blade carriers must be replaced at the latest when the application seam (1) is worn at one point.

„ The blade carriers must only be replaced by KRONE original spare parts.

102

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians 17

Checking/replacing cutting discs/mower drums 17.4

17.4

KM000-041

Checking/replacing cutting discs/mower drums

WARNING

Deformed cutting discs/mower drums

If cutting discs/mower drums are deformed, blades may become detached due to high rotating speed. As a result, people may be seriously injured or killed.

„ The cutting discs/mower drums must be checked at least once a day or after contact with foreign objects.

„ If cutting discs/mower drums are deformed, the dimension X=48 mm must not be exceeded.

„ The cutting discs/mower drums must only be replaced by KRONE original spare parts.

KM000-042

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 103

17 Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians

17.4

Checking/replacing cutting discs/mower drums

17.4.1

Checking the wear limit on cutting discs/mower drums

WARNING

Abrasion on cutting discs/mower drums

Due to abrasion limits on the cutting discs/mower drums, the blades or parts may loosen because of high rotating speed. Thus there is a risk of serious injuries or death.

The wear limit for abrasion limits (2) on the cutting discs/mower drums is reached when the material thickness is less than 3 mm .

„ The cutting discs/mower drums must be replaced at the latest when the material thickness is below the minimum material thickness of 3 mm.

„ The cutting discs/mower drums must only be replaced by KRONE original spare parts.

KM000-043

104

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

18

Waste disposal 18

Waste disposal

After the service life of the machine has expired, the individual components of the machine must be disposed of properly. The currently applicable country-specific waste disposal directives and the concerning valid laws must be observed.

Metal parts

• All metal parts must be brought to a metal recycling centre.

• The parts must be freed from operating fluids and lubricants (gearbox oil, oil from hydraulic system, ...) before being scrapped.

• The operating fluids and lubricants must be brought separately to an environmentally friendly disposal point or recycling centre.

Operating fluids and lubricants

• Operating fluids and lubricants (diesel fuel, coolant, gearbox oil, oil from hydraulic system,

…) must be brought to a disposal point for waste oil.

Synthetic materials

• All synthetic materials must be brought to a recycling centre for synthetic materials.

Rubber

• Rubber parts (hoses, tyres, …) must be brought to a rubber recycling centre.

Electronic scrap

• All electronic parts must be brought to a disposal point for electronic scrap.

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 105

19 Index

19 Index

A

Adapting coupling points .................................... 41

Adapting universal shaft ..................................... 44

Additional equipment and spare parts ................ 13

Adjusting the gearbox......................................... 43

Adjusting the relief spring(s) ............................... 73

Applicable documents .......................................... 6

Attaching the relief springs with a turnbuckle ..... 53

B

Basic safety instructions ..................................... 12

Behavior in the case of voltage flashover of

overhead lines .................................................... 20

Behaviour in dangerous situations and in case of

accidents ............................................................ 23

C

Calculating the ballasting of the tractor-machine

combination ........................................................ 46

Carrying out oil level check and oil and filter

element changes safely...................................... 24

Changing blades for the “blade quick fastener”

version ................................................................ 93

Changing blades for the “blade screw connection”

version ................................................................ 92

Changing the oil ................................................. 88

Check clearance................................................. 51

Check/change blades ......................................... 90

Checking front end dimension ............................ 57

Checking guard cloths ........................................ 84

Checking hydraulic hoses .................................. 86

Checking internal chains for overstretching ....... 54

Checking oil level ............................................... 94

Checking the blade for wear............................... 91

Checking the wear limit on cutting discs/mower

drums ............................................................... 104

Checking/replacing blade carrier ...................... 102

Checking/replacing cutting discs/mower drums 103

Checking/replacing linings on cutterbar ............. 93

Checking/replacing retaining bolts ................... 102

Checking/setting parallel lifting ........................... 51

Checklist for initial operation .............................. 39

Children in danger .............................................. 13

Cleaning the machine......................................... 84

Commissioning ................................................... 39

Connecting hydraulic hoses ............................... 55

Connecting machine to tractor ........................... 50

Connecting road travel lighting ........................... 56

Connecting the machine..................................... 13

Consumables ............................................... 19, 36

Contact ................................................................. 2

Contact data of your dealer .................................. 2

Control and Display Elements ............................ 38

Conversion table .................................................. 9

Cross references .................................................. 6

106

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Index 19

D

Damaged hydraulic hoses .................................. 21

Danger associated with welding work ................ 22

Danger resulting from damage to the machine .. 14

Danger when cornering with a hitched machine

and due to the overall width ............................... 18

Danger when driving on road and field............... 18

Danger zone between tractor and machine ....... 16

Danger zone due to trailing machine parts......... 16

Danger zone ejected objects .............................. 16

Danger zone PTO shaft...................................... 16

Danger zone universal shaft............................... 15

Danger zone when drive is switched on ............. 16

Danger zones ..................................................... 15

Dangers arising from environment ..................... 20

Dangers during road travel ................................. 18

Dangers if the machine is not prepared properly for

road travel .......................................................... 18

Dangers in connection with certain activities:

Working on the machine..................................... 21

Dangers when operating the machine on slopes 19

Declaration of conformity.................................. 111

Deviating tightening torques ............................... 81

Directories and references ................................... 6

Driving and Transport ......................................... 66

E

Ensuring functionality of safety devices ............. 17

Environmental protection and disposal .............. 19

F

Field mode.......................................................... 64

Figures ................................................................. 7

Fire hazard ......................................................... 20

Fold down the front guard .................................. 59

Folding down the side guard - for "Series" version

(working position) ............................................... 61

Folding down the side guard – in version

"hydraulically folding side guards" (working

position) .............................................................. 62

Folding down warning panel (transport position) 62

Folding up the front guard .................................. 58

Folding up the side guard - for "Series" version

(transport position) ............................................. 60

Folding up the side guard – in version

"hydraulically folding side guards" (transport

position) .............................................................. 61

Folding up warning panel (working position) ...... 63

Front guard ......................................................... 58

G

General disturbances ......................................... 99

H

Hot liquids........................................................... 21

Hot surfaces ....................................................... 21

How to use this document .................................... 6

Hydraulic control units of the tractor ................... 38

Hydraulic oil ........................................................ 86

Hydraulic transverse movement ......................... 65

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 107

19 Index

I

Icons in figures ..................................................... 7

Icons in the text .................................................... 7

Importance of operating instructions .................. 12

Increasing/reducing ground pressure via

supporting chains ............................................... 74

Increasing/reducing ground pressure via the

perforated bars ................................................... 73

Increasing/reducing ground pressure via

turnbuckles ......................................................... 74

Information for enquiries and orders .............. 2, 33

Information labels on the machine ..................... 28

Information on direction ........................................ 7

Information on This Document ............................. 6

input gearbox...................................................... 87

Installing universal shaft ..................................... 57

Intended use....................................................... 11

Intermediate universal shaft ............................... 34

J

Jobs on the machine .......................................... 14

L

Labelling ............................................................. 32

Lashing the machine .......................................... 70

Lifting the machine ............................................. 69

Liquids under high pressure ............................... 21

Location and meaning of the information labels . 28

Locking screws on the gearboxes ...................... 80

Locking/releasing stop cock ............................... 63

Lowering machine from transport position to

working position.................................................. 64

Lubricate universally-jointed drive shaft ............. 97

Lubricating greases ............................................ 37

Lubricating intermediate universal shaft ............. 97

Lubricating universal shaft.................................. 97

Lubrication chart - Machine ................................ 97

M

Machine Description ........................................... 31

Machine overview............................................... 31

Main gearbox...................................................... 88

Maintenance – After the season......................... 77

Maintenance – Before the season...................... 76

Maintenance - Cutterbar..................................... 90

Maintenance - Every 10 hours, but at least once a

day...................................................................... 77

Maintenance - Every 200 hours ......................... 78

Maintenance - Every 50 hours ........................... 78

Maintenance - Gearbox ...................................... 87

Maintenance - General Information .................... 76

Maintenance - Hydraulic System........................ 85

Maintenance - Lubrication .................................. 96

Maintenance - Once after 50 hours .................... 77

Maintenance and repair work ............................. 22

Maintenance table .............................................. 76

Malfunction, cause and remedy ......................... 99

Means of representation....................................... 7

Metric thread screws with control thread ............ 78

Metric thread screws with countersunk head and

hexagon socket .................................................. 80

Metric thread screws with fine thread ................. 79

Mounting lighting system .................................... 40

Mounting relief springs ....................................... 52

Mounting the universal shaft on the machine ..... 40

N

Noise may damage your health.......................... 20

Notes with information and recommendations ..... 9

108

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Index 19

O

Oils ..................................................................... 37

Öl wechseln ........................................................ 89

Only perform work when the machine is at

standstill ............................................................. 21

Operation............................................................ 58

Operation only after proper commissioning........ 14

Operational safety: Technically sound condition 14

Overload protections on the machine................. 32

Overview of gearboxes....................................... 87

P

Parking the machine........................................... 68

Parking the machine safely ................................ 19

Passengers ........................................................ 14

Performing a visual inspection ........................... 86

Personal protective equipment ........................... 17

Personnel qualification of the operating personnel

........................................................................... 12

Personnel qualification of the technicians .......... 13

Position and meaning of safety labels ................ 25

Preparing the machine for road travel ................ 67

Preparing the machine for shipment .................. 69

Preparing tractor................................................. 49

R

Raised machine and machine parts ................... 22

Raising machine from working position to transport

position ............................................................... 64

Reasonably foreseeable misuse ........................ 11

Re-ordering .......................................................... 6

Repairs, maintenance and settings by technicians

......................................................................... 100

Replacing the shear bolt at the rotary hub ....... 100

Road safety ........................................................ 18

Rotary hub .......................................................... 90

S

Safety ................................................................. 11

Safety features ................................................... 30

Safety labels on the machine ............................. 24

Safety markings on the machine ........................ 18

Safety routines ................................................... 23

Scope of the document ........................................ 7

Securing raised machine and machine parts

against lowering ................................................. 23

Service life of the machine ................................. 12

Setting the cutting height .................................... 71

Setting the safety device .................................... 75

Settings .............................................................. 71

Shutting down and safeguarding the machine ... 23

Side guard - for the “series” version ................... 60

Side guard - for version with “hydraulically folding

side guards”........................................................ 61

Sources of danger on the machine .................... 20

Start-up............................................................... 46

Structural modifications on the machine ............ 13

T

Target group of this document ............................. 6

Technical data .................................................... 36

Technical limit values ......................................... 15

Technically sound state of the machine ............. 14

Telescopic top link .............................................. 72

Term “machine” .................................................... 7

Tightening torques.............................................. 78

U

Unsuitable consumables .................................... 19

V

Validity .................................................................. 6

Venting the friction clutch ................................... 81

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 109

19 Index

W

Warning panel .................................................... 62

Warning panels .................................................. 34

Warning signs....................................................... 8

Warnings of property damage/environmental

damage ................................................................ 9

Waste disposal ................................................. 105

Working at or on heights of the machine ............ 22

110

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en

Declaration of conformity 20

20 Declaration of conformity

EC Declaration of Conformity

We

Maschinenfabrik Krone Beteiligungs-GmbH

Heinrich-Krone-Straße 10, D-48480 Spelle hereby declare, as manufacturer of the product named below, under our sole responsibility, that the

Machine:

Type:

Front mounted mowers

MT203-20 to which this declaration refers is in compliance with the following relevant provisions of:

• EC Directive 2006/42/EC (Machinery)

The signing Managing Director is authorised to compile the technical documents.

Spelle, dated 08/02/2021

Year of manufacture:

Dr.-Ing. Josef Horstmann

(Managing Director, Design & Development)

Machine no.:

EasyCut F 280 Highland

Original operating instructions 150001333_00_en 111

Maschinenfabrik

Bernard Krone GmbH & Co. KG

* Heinrich-Krone-Straße 10

D-48480 Spelle

* Postfach 11 63

D-48478 Spelle

' +49 (0) 59 77 / 935-0

6 +49 (0) 59 77 / 935-339

ü

www.landmaschinen.krone.de

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Key Features

  • Cutting width: 2.8 m
  • Working width: 2.6 m
  • Transport width: 2.8 m
  • Number of discs: 5
  • Number of blades per disc: 2
  • PTO power requirement: 75 kW (100 hp)
  • Weight: 750 kg

Related manuals

Frequently Answers and Questions

What is the cutting width of the Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20)?
The cutting width of the Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20) is 2.8 m.
How many discs does the Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20) have?
The Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20) has 5 discs.
What is the PTO power requirement of the Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20)?
The PTO power requirement of the Krone BA EasyCut F 280 Highland (MT203-20) is 75 kW (100 hp).

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