Volume 27#2 Summer - Alberta Health Services

Volume 27#2 Summer - Alberta Health Services
Vol. 27#2
Summer 2015 For all people interested in the health of preschoolers
Summer is usually a carefree time. With hot, sunny
days, this season offers a great chance to relax and
improve our health habits. Healthy eating and active
living are great health habits to develop. Choosing to
eat more vegetables and fruits seems easier when they
are cheaper in price and available in greater variety and
abundance. Crisp salads and raw vegetables just seem to
taste better in the summer!
Hot days and long hours of daylight should make it
easier to become more active. Hikes, walks, and trips to
the park are great activities that don’t cost a lot of
money. If you participate in sports, remember to wear
the proper protective gear. When out riding your
bicycle, remember to wear your helmet. Although adults
over 18 are not required by law to wear a helmet, kids
look up to adults and model their behavior. Be a good
role model in all that you do. Children notice.
If you are planning foreign travel this summer, call
Travellers’ Health Services at least 8 weeks before leaving
Canada. Many foreign countries have diseases that you
do not find in Canada. To protect yourself and your
family while travelling, call (780) 735-0100 or call Alberta
Health Link, 1-866-408-5465 outside of Edmonton or
(780) 408-5465.
Have a Happy Summer!
Inside this Issue
Dear Health Centre: Preschool Settings Manual..... Page 2
Communicating With Toddlers ........................... Page 3
Sleep ............................................................. Page 4
Environmental Health News ............................... Page 5
Healthy Eating on a Budget ............................... Page 6
Dental Accidents ............................................. Page 7
Outdoor Safety ................................................ Page 8
Recipe Page .................................................... Page 9
Resource Page ................................................ Page 10
Contact is a publication of Public Health – Edmonton Zone, Alberta
Health Services. Information in this newsletter can be freely
reproduced for educational non-profit purposes by any childcare
centre in Edmonton area.
Contact is edited by Pam Todd. Phone: 780-342-1284
Fax: 780-484-9156
The information provided in this resource is not to be used for
consultation during an emergency, to make or confirm a diagnosis or
to treat people, as a substitute for obtaining medical advice or for
seeking treatment from a qualified doctor.
Letters to the Health Centre
Dear Health Centre
Are any sections in the “Healthy Children in Preschool Settings”
manual out of date?
Best Daycare
Dear Best Daycare,
As with most paper manuals, there is some information in this manual that is
out of date. The manuals will not be reprinted. Although most of the
information in the manual is still fine to use, the following sections should be
removed from the manual since they have incorrect information:
Section Tab
Growth and Development
Preventing Injuries
Disease/Infection Control
Remove entire section
Remove car seat information
What is out of date?
Information about sleep
Vitamin D recommendations
Car seat recommendations
Feeding recommendations
Information about when to move
children out of cribs is misleading
Sunscreen information is misleading
Car seat safety information
Some information is different from
Environmental Health
recommendations. Please use
Environmental Health information (see
link on back page of newsletter).
Do not copy these pages for parent
handouts. They are provided as a
general reference only. Call Health
Link for the most up to date
Immunization schedule
Remove entire section
Communicable Disease Fact
Use for reference only – not for
parent handouts
Remove entire section
In the future, an updated version of the manual may be available online. We will let you know when that happens. Refer to
the last page of this newsletter for some reliable information sources that we recommend for you to use.
Your Public Health Nurse
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Communicating with Toddlers
Help For a Child Who Stutters
You communicate to your toddler with your words and
actions. When you talk to your toddler, get her attention
first. Stop what you are doing and call her name. Wait for
her to look at you before talking.
You can use communication to build relationships.
Toddler Property Laws
If I like it, it’s mine.
If it’s in my hand, it’s mine.
If I can take it away from you, it’s mine.
If I had it a little while ago, it’s mine.
Show pleasure.
If it’s mine, it must never appear
Share your pleasure with your toddler when she
learns new things and acts in ways that are okay.
Make sure your voice and face match your emotion.
to be yours in any way.
If we are building something together,
all of the pieces are mine.
Use the sound of your voice.
If you are concerned, sound concerned.
If you want your child to stop throwing her food, say
it firmly without yelling.
If it looks just like mine, it’s mine.
If I think it’s mine, it’s mine.
If I give it to you, and change my
mind later, it’s mine.
Get down to her level.
When your child talks to you, squat down so your
eyes are level with hers, if possible.
Even when you are busy, turn and look at her.
Really listen.
Listen and respond to what she says, and to the
thoughts and feeling she shares with you.
If it’s broken, it’s yours!
Author Unknown
Information provided from: Healthy Parents Healthy
Children: The Early Years
Keep it simple.
Young children need simple rules and limits suited
to their age.
Keep information short and use words your child
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Sleeping: Older Toddlers and
Bedtime Routines
Most toddlers will try to come out of their room when they
have been put to bed. Your older toddler can learn that
she needs to stay in bed so that she can go to sleep. She
may want to get out for all kinds of reasons (e.g., she's
more independent, wants more control of her life,
anxious about being away from you). She may beg to stay
up, refuse to lie down or even have a temper tantrum.
Stay calm - especially if she is not.
You can promote peaceful bedtimes by
providing warmth and structure.
Provide warmth.
Realize that many children find moving to a bed
both exciting and scary.
Reassure your child that you are near and will keep
her safe.
Provide structure.
Keep bedtime calm and quiet.
Close her door, but don’t lock it. Most fire
departments recommend closing all bedroom doors
at night to protect your family from fire and smoke.
Locking her door can frighten her and can be
If she comes out of the bedroom after you've put her
to bed, take her hand, walk her back to her room,
remind her that it's bedtime and tuck her in.
Avoid arguing. Simply say “It’s time for bed". You
may have to do this many times for several nights
before she accepts it.
Be kind and firm. By being kind, you let her know
you understand she would rather stay awake. By
being firm, you let her know that it really is bedtime.
Sleep Habits of the 3 and 4 Year Old
When children get the sleep they need, they are happier
and healthier.
Young children need about:
12 hours of sleep a night when they’re 3 years old
11 hours of sleep a night by the time they’re 5 years
Many children nap for about an hour a day until they are
over 5 years old. Other children quit napping before this
age. Your preschooler is probably not getting enough
sleep if he:
Regularly falls asleep during the day (e.g., in the
car, watching television, looking at books).
Needs you to wake him up every morning.
Seems cranky during the day.
Naps more than once a day.
Information provided from: Healthy Parents, Healthy
Children: The Early Years
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Environmental Health News
Bed Bugs
There is a worldwide resurgence of bed bugs. They are
everywhere. Having bed bugs in your home is not an
indicator of poor hygiene or low economic status.
However, having bed bugs causes mental anxiety and
stress. Childcare providers and parents have many
questions and concerns when it comes to bed bugs. Here
is some information that can help.
Isolate worn clothes in a plastic bag and seal the bag
or put clothes immediately into the dryer for 30
Keep outerwear and bags separate from your other
Bed Bugs at the Childcare Centre
If you believe that you may have bed bugs in your home,
the following may help reduce the risk of spreading bed
Bed bugs come to schools and childcare facilities
from infested homes.
Bed bugs travel place to place in people’s belongings
(clothing, backpacks, blankets, etc.). Bed bugs do
not transmit disease.
Wash and dry clothes and place immediately into a
clean, sealed bag. These are your bed bug free
Ensure any bag or objects you have to take with you
are separated from other objects in the home.
Children and staff do not need to be excluded if they
or their home has issues with bed bugs.
If possible, keep purses and bags in a sealed bag
when in the home.
Bed bugs must be treated immediately to prevent
further spread.
Prior to leaving the home, change into bed bug free
clothes at the entrance door and leave
What to Do if Bed Bugs are Found or
Childcare staff must:
Notify the parent/guardian if they notice bed bug
bites on a child.
Notify the parent/guardian if a bed bug is found in a
child’s clothing or belongings. Place the item(s) in a
sealed plastic bag.
Notify Environmental Public Health if bed bugs are
present in the facility.
Call a pest control company and continue to
implement protective and environmental clean-up
Meaghan Allen
Environmental Health Officer
Alberta health Services
Limiting the Spread
If you believe that you may have been in a premises that
has bed bugs, the following precautions can be taken
when arriving home:
Change your clothes as close to the entrance as
Avoid changing clothes in your bedroom.
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Healthy Eating on a Budget
Healthy Eating on a Budget
Preschoolers need a variety of healthy foods to get the
energy and nutrients they need. Healthy eating does not
have to be expensive. Here are some tips to plan a
healthy menu at your centre and stay within budget.
Plan Ahead. Take time before grocery shopping each
week to plan your menu. This will reduce waste and save
money. Plan ahead to save time and gas by avoiding
extra trips to the grocery store throughout the week.
Menu plan – create re-usable weekly or monthly
menu plans. Use your menu to plan your grocery
list. Knowing exactly what and how much to buy will
help reduce the amount of food wasted.
Watch for sales and shop in season – plan your menu
around sale items and produce that is in season. In
season produce is often least expensive and most
Buy bulk – buying bulk often costs less. Buy foods
you use often in large quantities such as rice, pasta,
dried fruit, oatmeal, and beans in bulk to save
Budget Friendly Protein – some cuts of meat can be
expensive. Plan your meals using less costly cuts of meat
and plant sources of protein.
Prepare meatless dishes often – beans, legumes, and
tofu are healthy, are good sources of protein, and
cost less than meat. Add these items to soups, stirfries, or salads for a healthy, protein packed meal.
Buy less expensive cuts of meat – use less tender
cuts of meat, such as flank or round. Marinate them
or use them in stews and sauces. Whole chickens or
chicken pieces that still have the skin and bones are
less expensive than skinless, boneless pieces.
Taking a little extra time to remove the skin and
bones can save money.
Avoid prepackaged foods – Make your own baked
goods and snacks. It costs less and is healthier
than buying prepackaged foods. For example,
instead of buying premade granola bars, make your
own with oats, dried fruit*, and unsweetened
Buy frozen or canned vegetables and fruit – they
are just as healthy as fresh ones and often cost less.
Buy “no salt added” or “low sodium” canned
vegetables and canned fruit packed in its own
juice. Look for plain frozen vegetables and fruits
without added sugar or salt.
*Caution: Dried fruit can be a choking hazard for
younger children. Please consider the child’s age and
their eating skills before offering.
For more information on healthy eating in childcare, go
to: Healthy Eating Starts Here at
Click on Healthy Eating at Child Care Centres.
Stay Tuned! …AHS Dietitians are planning a
nutrition workshop series for childcare providers.
Topics will include menu planning, allergies and
more on healthy eating for preschoolers. Listen for
workshop details at upcoming childcare sector
meetings, from your licensing agency and/or
public health nurse.
At the Grocery Store – follow these tips and tricks at the
grocery store to stretch your food dollars.
Shop on discount days – contact your local grocery
store to find out if they have a monthly discount
day. Many stores offer 10 – 15% off your grocery bill
for shopping on certain days of the month.
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Dental Accidents
Summer is here! Children will be spending more time
outdoors at the park, riding bikes, playing road hockey,
and just enjoying the fresh air and sunshine. Exercise is
important for a child’s health and well-being, but
accidents can happen. Having a tooth knocked out is one
example of a dental accident. Knowing what to do when
that happens can make the difference between saving
and losing a tooth.
Take the following steps if the knocked-out tooth is an
adult/permanent tooth. Quick action is critical.
Immediately find the knocked out tooth. Handle
the tooth carefully. Pick it up touching only the
crown (the chewing surface of the tooth) and not
the root.
If the tooth is dirty, rinse the tooth gently in cool
water. DO NOT clean the tooth with soap or
chemicals. Do not scrub the tooth, dry the tooth, or
wrap it in a tissue or cloth.
Replace the tooth in the socket immediately, if
possible. The socket is the empty hole in the mouth
where the tooth used to be. To replace the tooth,
carefully push the tooth into the socket with your
fingers, making sure the tooth is facing the right
way around. To keep the tooth in place, have the
child gently bite down on a clean gauze or
Keep the tooth wet at all times. Do not allow the
tooth to dry. If the tooth cannot be put back into
the socket right away, put the tooth in a clean
container of cold milk. If milk is not available, put
the tooth in a container with the child’s saliva. DO
NOT store the tooth in regular tap water. If the child
is calm and there is no danger of swallowing the
tooth, you can place the tooth in the child’s cheek to
keep it wet.
Take the child (and the tooth) to the nearest
available dentist as soon as possible. If the tooth is
replaced within 30 minutes, there is a good chance
that the tooth will take root again.
Baby teeth have an important job. They save room or a
place in the child’s mouth for the permanent teeth. If a
baby tooth is knocked out, here are some things to
Call the child’s dentist as soon as possible. Quick
action can lessen a child’s discomfort and prevent
If the child’s mouth is
bleeding, rinse with cold
water, place gauze or clean
washcloth where the tooth
is missing and have the
child bite down on it. The
pressure will usually stop
the bleeding.
Spend time comforting the child rather than
looking for the tooth. Do not put a baby tooth back
into the socket because of risk of damaging the
adult tooth developing in the tissue underneath
the socket.
Kim Havel
Registered Dental Hygienist
Alberta Health Services
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Summer Safety
Outdoor Safety
Pedestrian Safety
Active living is an important part of healthy child
development. You can help your child stay safe when he
rides his bike, walks and plays outdoors. Be sure he
wears protective gear and gets the right training for any
sports or activities.
By law, anyone under 18 years old in Alberta must
wear a helmet when riding a bicycle, tricycle or when
in a bike trailer.
Helmets are strongly recommended for adults too.
Children learn by example.
Use helmets that are designed for the activity hockey helmets for hockey and bike helmets for
Always take your child’s helmet off before he plays
on playground equipment.
For more information about using the correct
helmet, visit www.myhealthalberta.ca and enter the
key works “bike helmet” in the search box.
Walking is great exercise. Preschoolers still need to
walk with an adult.
Children under 9 years old do not have all the
skills, awareness or judgment to determine when it
is safe to cross the street.
Start teaching your preschooler the skills he needs,
but make sure you (or another adult) are with him
whenever he crosses a street.
Preschoolers are still impulsive. Insist that he hold
your hand when he is near traffic or in a parking
For more information about pedestrian safety, visit
Information provided from: Healthy Parents, Healthy
Children: The Early Years
Bicycle Safety
Some preschoolers are able to ride a bike, but they
are not ready to ride on the road. It takes skill,
practice and time for children to be able to balance
the bike, pay attention to where they are going and
to watch for cars and road signs.
These skills do not develop until you child is
between 10 and 14 years old.
Ride with your child to teach him the safety rules he
will need to know.
Watch for pedestrians.
Stop at all stop signs, even when on the
Give your child lots of chances to learn basic skills
before going on the road with him.
For more information about bike safety, visit
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Recipe Page
Food Group: Vegetables and Fruit
No. Of Servings/Portion Size: 100/50 mL (1/4 c)
Apple, diced or grated
Orange juice, 100% pure
Cabbage, shredded
Mayonnaise, low fat
Yogurt, plain, 2%
5 lb 8 oz
2.5 kg
4 lb
8 oz
1 lb 9 oz
1.8 kg
250 g
750 g
16 c
1/2 c
16 c
125 mL
250 mL
750 mL
1. Combine apples and orange juice together. Drain.
2. Mix cabbage and apple together.
3. Mix mayonnaise and yogurt together.
4. Add mayonnaise mixture to cabbage mixture just before serving so cabbage does not lose its crispness.
Recipe Modification for Infants: Offer apple instead of salad.
Adapted from: Day Care Nutrition and Food Service Manual, Nutrition Division, Calgary Health Services, 1992.
(Healthy Children in Preschool Settings Manual)
No. Of Servings/Portion Size:
Lean boneless beef (round)
Garlic, fresh cloves, crushed
Soy Sauce, low sodium
Lemon juice
Ginger, ground
Cumin, ground
Coriander, ground
Food Group: Meat and Alternatives
100/45 g (1 1/2 oz)
12 1/2 lb
1.2 T
3/4 c
1/4 c
6.25 kg
8 mL
175 mL
50 mL
45 mL
45 mL
45 mL
1. Cut meat into 1/4-inch (3/4 cm) cubes.
2. In a bowl, stir together garlic, soy sauce, lemon juice, ginger, cumin, and coriander.
3. Add meat and stir to coat evenly.
4. Cover and refrigerate for 2 hours.
5. Place marinated meat on a rack in a broiler pan. Place pan 4-6 inches below heat.
6. Broil 8-10 minutes turning often.
Adapted from: Day Care Nutrition and Food Service Manual, Nutrition Division, Calgary Health Services, 1992
(Healthy Children in Preschool Settings Manual)
For more recipe ideas, visit the AHS Child Care “Healthy Eating Starts Here” website:
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
Resource Page
Focus on…My Health Alberta
MyHealth.Alberta.ca has information on more than 8,700 health topics! The types of content you can find include:
Health A-Z: find common health topics, a symptom checker and other health tools.
Healthy living: find information about topics such as healthy kids, fitness and exercise, healthy eating and weight,
dealing with stress, and mental health.
Tests and treatments guides: find out why and how a test is done, how to prepare for it, how it feels, possible risks,
results, what affects the test, and what to think about.
Medication guides: find out how medications work, why they are used, side effects, and things to keep in mind while
using the medication.
Health services: helps you find health professionals, services, program details and locations.
Health alerts: warnings about health issues in Alberta, restaurant inspections, and travel health advisories
(information on disease outbreaks around the world).
Decision tools: can help you decide about a treatment option and how you want to care for your body. These tools use
both facts and feelings to help make decisions about your health.
Health checkup tools: can help you figure out how you’re doing (such as if you’re a healthy weight) and make changes
in your lifestyle that can improve your health.
My Health Alberta is a partnership between Alberta Health and Alberta Health Services. It is reviewed regularly to make
sure it is up to date.
Important Contacts for Child Care Providers
Do you want information about community
services? Call 211
Government of Alberta Child Care Orientation Course
Call HealthLink 24 hours a day with questions
about health or health services. Edmonton (780408-5465) or Toll-free
AHS Environmental Health has some excellent resources for Child Care
To looks up health information on-line:
Government of Alberta Family Day Home
Standards Manual for Alberta
 Health and Safety Guidelines for Child Care Facilities
 Home Study Course in Child Care
Do you have questions or concerns about an outbreak? Call the outbreak
pager (780-445-7226)
For ideas on creating a healthy eating environment, visit the AHS Child Care “Healthy Eating Starts Here” website:
AHS Edmonton Zone Public Health, Childcare Initiative Newsletter. Volume 27 #2
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