Service Manual

Service Manual
Service Manual
Model
6036
S/N 9B0499 & Before
8990151
Revised February 11, 2005
Effectivity Page
January, 1997 - 001 - Original Issue.
February 11, 2005 - B - Replaced all branding with JLG.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
A
Effectivity Page
B
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
SECTION CONTENTS
Section
Subject
Section 1
Safety Practices ................................................................................ 1-1
Section 2
General Instructions .......................................................................... 2-1
Section 3
Boom ................................................................................................. 3-1
Section 4
Operator's Cab .................................................................................. 4-1
Section 5
Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle ...................................................... 5-1
Section 6
Drive Shafts and Drop Box ................................................................ 6-1
Section 7
Transmission, Clark Series 18000 ..................................................... 7-1
Section 8
Engine, Perkins Series 4.236 and T4.236 ......................................... 8-1
Section 9
Hydraulic System .............................................................................. 9-1
Section 10
Electrical System ............................................................................. 10-1
Model
Model 6036
6036 S\N
S\N 9B0499
9B0499 and
and Before
Before
Page
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 1. Safety Practices
SECTION 1
SAFETY PRACTICES
CONTENTS
Par.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
Title
INTRODUCTION
SIGNAL WORDS
PERSONAL CONSIDERATIONS
EQUIPMENT CONSIDERATIONS
GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
FINAL WORD
Page
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-4
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Practically all SERVICE work involves the need to
drive the forklift. The Owners/Operators Manual,
supplied with each forklift, contains detailed safety
practices relating to driving and operating. These
practices apply to the service technician and
should be read, understood, and practiced.
Prior to performing any service on the forklift,
consideration should be given to factors that may
have an effect upon safety; not only on the mechanic, but also the bystanders.
1.2 SIGNAL WORDS
This symbol means “ATTENTION! BECOME
ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED !” The
symbol is used in conjunction with the following
signal words to attract your attention to safety
messages found throughout this manual. The
message that follows the symbol contains important information about SAFETY. To avoid injury
and possible death, carefully read and thoroughly
understand each message.
Model 6036 S\N 9B0499 and Before
Danger !
The signal word “DANGER” signifies that an
imminently hazardous situation to a person
on or near the forklift exists. This danger to
persons is such that it will result in a high
likelihood of death or permanent injury if the
recommended precautions or practices are not
taken.
Warning !
The signal word “WARNING” signifies that a
potentially hazardous situation to a person on
or near the forklift exists, which could result in
death or serious injury if the recommended
precautions or practices are not taken.
Caution !
The signal word “Caution” signifies that a
potentially hazardous situation to a person on
or near the forklift exists, which may result in
minor or moderate injury if the recommended
precautions or practices are not taken.
IMPORTANT: The information in this manual does
not replace any safety rules used in your area.
Before operating this forklift, learn the rules and
laws for your area. Make sure the machine has
the correct equipment according to these rules
and laws.
Your safety and the safety of others in the
work area depend on your knowledge of
correct operating procedures for the machine.
1-1
Section 1. Safety Practices
1.3 PERSONAL CONSIDERATIONS
Item
What to do
Why
Clothing
Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry.
Improper clothing can catch on controls
or moving parts and cause accidents
and/or injury.
Eye Protection
Always wear appropriate eye protection
when chiseling, grinding, discing, welding,
painting, when repairing hydraulic systems, or checking, testing or charging the
battery.
Permanent eye damage can be caused
if foreign matter enters the eye.
Breathing
Protection
Wear respiratory protection if grinding or
painting.
Fumes, dust or paint spray are harmful
when inhaled.
Hearing
Protection
Always wear ear protection if noise is
excessive.
Continuous loud noise can damage your
hearing.
Foot Protection
Wear protective footwear with reinforced
toe caps and oil-resistant soles.
To protect feet from falling objects and
to prevent slipping.
Lifting
Make sure you are capable of lifting an
object. Get help or use a sling on large
components.
To avoid injury through incorrect handling of heavy components.
1.4 EQUIPMENT CONSIDERATIONS
Item
What to do
Operator’s Cab
Before using the forklift, be sure the
operator’s cab and rear window are
secure and serviceable.
The cab protects the operator from
possible serious injury or death.
Lifting
Equipment
Check all lifting equipment (chains,
brackets, hooks, etc.), before use. Be
sure equipment is the proper capacity.
To prevent serious injury or death due to
falling objects.
Never stand under a suspended load or
raised implement.
To prevent serious injury or death.
Always use a general purpose nozzle to
blow dust, filings, dirt, etc., from work
area. Always wear eye protection when
using compressed air to clean a work
area.
To prevent serious injury to operator
and/or co-workers.
Compressed Air
Look around before using an air hose.
1-2
Why
To prevent injury to other personnel in
the work area.
Model 6036 S\N 9B0499 and Before
Section 1. Safety Practices
1.4
EQUIPMENT CONSIDERATIONS (cont.)
Item
Hand Tools
What to do
Why
Always use the proper tool for the job.
Many cuts, abrasions, and/or injuries
are caused by defective or improper
tools.
Always keep tools clean and in good
working order.
Well maintained tools work better and
may prevent injury.
Always use the Special Service Tools
recommended.
These tools will reduce the work, labor
and costs.
1.5 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
Item
What to do
Why
Solvents
Use only approved cleaning fluids and
solvents that are known to be safe.
Certain types of fluid cause damage to
components and may cause skin
irritation.
Housekeeping
Clean and remove all hazards from the
area.
To prevent accidents and injuries.
First Aid
Do not overlook any cut, abrasion, or
burn. Have it cleaned and dressed
properly.
What appears at first trivial, could
become painful and injurious.
Make sure you know the location of the
First Aid Box.
Quick application of first aid procedures.
Plug all hose ends and connections when
removing components. Clean exterior of
all parts before repairing. A high pressure or steam cleaner is recommended.
Always wear eye protection when steam
cleaning.
To prevent dirt and foreign material from
entering the system. Dirt and abrasive
dust can reduce the efficiency and
working life of a component and lead to
costly replacement. Permanent eye
damage can be caused if foreign matter
enters the eye.
Cleanliness
1.6 OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
Item
What to do
Why
Engine
Stop the engine if at all possible before
performing any service.
To prevent serious injury and/or death.
Dangerous
Start
Place a warning sign on forklifts that are
dangerous to start. Disconnect battery
leads if leaving the unit unattended.
To prevent serious injury and/or death.
Model 6036 S\N 9B0499 and Before
1-3
Section 1. Safety Practices
1.6 OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS (cont.)
Item
What to do
Why
Ventilation
Avoid prolonged running of the engine in
a closed area with inadequate ventilation.
Exhaust fumes are highly toxic and
can kill.
Radiator Cap
Always turn the radiator cap slowly to the
first stop to relieve pressure.
Escaping coolant can burn you seriously.
Soft Ground
Never work on a forklift on soft ground.
Check for additional ballast. Seek
assistance and install suitable supports if
necessary.
To prevent serious injury and/or death.
Supports and
Straps
Make sure safe and stable supports or
straps are installed beneath or around a
component or structural member that may
fall before commencing work.
To prevent serious injury and/or death.
Oil Pressure
Before loosening hoses or tubes, turn off
the engine and operate the controls
several times to relieve pressure.
A pressure explosion will cause
serious injury.
Pressure
Testing
Make sure all test equipment is in good
condition.
To prevent damage to the system or
the equipment, and to eliminate the
possibility of personal injury.
Use only gauges specified.
Comply with test procedure specified.
Leaving Forklift
Lower carriage to the ground.
To prevent accidental injury.
Parking
Do not park or attempt to service forklift
on an incline. If unavoidable, block all
wheels.
To prevent serious injury and/or death.
Wheels and
Tires
Keep tires inflated to correct pressure.
To prevent dangerous travel and load
handling.
Do not over-inflate tires.
Over-inflation can cause tires to burst
and result in personal injury.
1.7 FINAL WORD
1-4
The safety precautions and practices in this manual
are extremely important. Not following them can
cause personal injury or death. Read this section
carefully and be sure you understand all the precautions and practices noted before attempting to service
the forklift.
Model 6036 S\N 9B0499 and Before
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 2 General Instructions
SECTION 2
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
CONTENTS
Par.
Title
Page
Par.
Title
Page
2.9
AFTER SERVICE STARTUP
AND CHECKS
2-5
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
INTRODUCTION
CLEANING
REPLACEMENT
HOSES AND TUBES
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-2
2.4.1
2.4.2
Inspection
Installation
2-2
2-2
2.5
BEARINGS
2-3
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
Removal
Cleaning
Installation
2-3
2-3
2-3
2.6
PRESSURE TESTING AND
ADJUSTMENT
TORQUES
2-3
2-3
2.7.
2.7.1
2.7.2
2.7.3
2.7.4
2.7.5
Fasteners
Bolts and Nuts
Flared Fittings (37°, steel)
Straight Thread O-ring Fitting
(non-adjustable)
Straight Thread O-ring Fitting
(adjustable)
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
2.8
PAINTING
2-4
2.8.1
2.8.2
2.8.3
Orange Paint
Black Paint
White Paint
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-1
2.9.1
2.9.2
2.9.3
2.9.4
2.9.5
2.9.6
2.9.7
2.9.8
2.9.9
2.10
2.10.1
2.10.2
2.10.3
2.10.4
2.10.5
2.10.6
2.10.7
Starting After Servicing
After Hydraulic Component
Servicing
After Brake System Servicing
After Fuel System Servicing
After Replacing Transmission
After Tire Servicing
After Engine Servicing
After Boom Servicing
After Axle Servicing
2-5
2-5
2-5
2.5
2.5
2-5
2-5
2-5
2-5
FLUID LEVELS AND
LUBRICATION
2-5
Wheel Ends
Hydraulic Reservoir
Engine Oil
Cooling System
Splines
Drop Box
Grease Fittings
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-6
2-6
2-6
2-6
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 2 General Instructions
2.1
INTRODUCTION
Appropriate service methods and proper repair
procedures are essential for safe, reliable operation of the forklift and safety of the individual doing
the work. This Maintenance Manual provides
general directions for accomplishing service and
repair work with tested, effective techniques.
Following them will assure reliability.
There are many variations in procedures, techniques, tools, and parts for servicing vehicles, as
well as work skills. This Manual cannot possibly
anticipate all such variations and provide advice or
cautions for each one. Accordingly, anyone who
intends to depart from the instructions in this
Manual must first consider his safety and the
vehicle integrity.
2.2
CLEANING
Clean the exterior of all parts before repairing. Dirt
and abrasive dust reduce the efficient work life of
the part and lead to costly replacement.
Use cleaning fluids and solvents which are suitable for cleaning parts and do not risk the safety of
the user. Certain types of fluids damage rubber
parts and/or cause skin irritation.
The following precautions must be observed to
insure hydraulic cleanliness:
1. Flush hose and tube assemblies with a solvent
compatible with hose assemblies. Blow out
excess solvent with shop air.
2.3
REPLACEMENT
Replace O-rings, seals, and gaskets whenever
they are disturbed. Never mix new and old seals
or O-rings regardless of condition. Always lubricate new seals and O-rings with hydraulic oil
before installation.
When replacing parts, use the correct tool.
2.4
HOSES AND TUBES
2.4.1 Inspection
1. If the hose end fittings are damaged, always
replace hoses and tubes . Damaged, dented,
crushed, or leaking hose fittings restrict oil flow
and the operation of the parts being served.
Fittings showing signs of movement from their
original position have failed and must be
replaced.
2. Be sure hoses are in good condition. If in
doubt, replace them.
3. Replace hoses if the following occur:
• chafed outer cover
• concealed corrosion of wire reinforcement.
• ballooning (replace immediately !)
• kinked, crushed, stretched, or deformed.
2.4.2 Installation
3. Cap hoses and tube assemblies until installation
1. When installing a new hose, loosely connect
each end and make sure the hose takes up
the designed position before tightening the
connection. Clamps should be tightened
sufficiently to hold the hose without crushing
and to prevent chafing.
4. Flush hydraulic reservoir, fuel tank, and gear
housing with a suitable solvent to remove
paint, metal chips, welding shot, etc.
2. If a hose is replaced on a moving part, be sure
it does not foul by moving the part through its
complete range of travel.
5. Protect system components from airborne
contaminants. Plug all cylinder, valve, reservoir, tank, and pump openings until installation.
3. Be sure any hose which has been installed is
not kinked or twisted.
2. Cap hydraulic fittings and protect threads until
installation.
6. Use clean, filtered oil when filling the system.
4. Free moving, unsupported hoses must never
touch each other or related work surfaces.
This causes chafing reducing hose life.
7. System cleanliness level must be a minimum
ISO code 18/15 particle ratio count.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
2-2
Section 2 General Instructions
2.5
BEARINGS
2.5.1 Removal
1. Bearings should never be removed unless
absolutely necessary. Always use the
recommended puller to reduce the risk of
bearing or related component damage.
2. When bearings or bushings are removed,
check that the bearing is free from discoloration, nicks, scuffing, and signs of
overheating. If in doubt, replace the bearing
or bushing.
2.5.2 Cleaning
Bearings acceptable for service should be cleaned
in a suitable solvent and immersed in clean
lubricating oil until needed.
Be sure that hydraulic oil is at operating temperature (80 to 120 °F) before adjusting relief valves,
pressure reducing valve or sequence valve. If
necessary, operate the machine to raise the oil
temperature. The oil temperature can be checked
by placing a hand against the side or the bottom of
the reservoir. If your hand feels too hot to keep
against the reservoir, the oil temperature is
acceptable.
2.7
2.7.1 Fasteners
All fasteners are plated and equal to SAE grade 5
(PC8.8) unless otherwise specified.
2.7.2 Bolts and Nuts
Unless otherwise specified the following grade 5
(PC8.8) torque values (±10%) apply:
2.5.3 Installation
1. Be sure bearings are installed with care during
servicing, maintenance and repair.
2. Install bearings in either of the following two
ways:
• press fit on rotating parts such as shafts and
gears, and
• push fit into static locations such as reduction gear housings.
3. When possible, always install the bearing into
the rotating part first.
4. Use the proper tools or a press when installing
a bearing or bushing.
5. In the absence of the proper tools or press,
heat the bearings and/or casing in hot oil to
assist in the installation.
2.6
PRESSURE TESTING
AND ADJUSTMENT
Prior to pressure testing or adjustment, be sure all
hoses are in good condition and all fittings tight.
Use a pressure gauge with a range that is large
enough to measuring the specified pressure.
Comply with the correct procedure to prevent
damage to the system or the equipment and to
eliminate the possibility of injury.
2-3
TORQUES
Torque
Torque
Inch
lb-ft
Nm
mm
Nm
lb-ft
1/4
5/16
3/8
7/16
1/2
9/16
5/8
3/4
7/8
1.0
9
18
31
50
75
110
150
250
380
585
12
24
42
68
105
150
200
340
515
790
6.0
8.0
10.0
--12.0
14.0
16.0
20.0
22.0
24.0
10
25
50
--80
130
200
360
510
650
7
18
37
--59
95
146
263
372
475
2.7.3 Flared Fittings (37o, steel)
1. Align tube and fitting
2. Tighten nut to the following torque:
Torque
SAE
Size
lb-ft
Nm
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
20
24
8-12
19-23
38-46
50-58
84-92
100-108
117-129
176-200
251-283
11-16
26-31
52-63
68-79
114-125
136-147
159-175
239-271
340-384
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 2 General Instructions
2.7.4 Straight Thread O-ring Fitting
(non-adjustable)
1. Make sure both threads and sealing surfaces
are free of burrs, nicks, scratches, or any
foreign material.
2. Lubricate O-ring with light coating of oil.
3. Torque as follows:
2.8
PAINTING
Unless otherwise specified, paint all components
as follows:
2.8.1 Orange Paint
Use orange paint on all components except as
specified in paragraphs 2.8.2 and 2.8.3.
P/N 8528033 .................. 1 gallon service paint
Torque
P/N 8528034 ......................... 16 oz Spray can
SAE
Size
lb-ft
Nm
4
6
8
10
12
16
20
24
22-26
46-54
95-105
125-135
165-175
245-255
270-290
365-385
30-35
63-73
129-143
170-183
224-237
332-346
366-393
495-522
2.8.2 Black Paint
Use P/N 8528036 ................... 16 oz spray can
Boom Angle Indicator Pointer
Wheels
Brake Pedal
Radiator
2.7.5 Straight Thread O-ring Fitting
(adjustable)
Seat Adaptor Plate
1. Inspect and correct both mating parts for
burrs, nicks, scratches, or any foreign particles.
Transmission Oil Cooler
2. Lubricate O-ring with light coat of oil.
Drive Shafts
3. Back off locknut as far as possible.
Drop Box
4. Screw fitting into the port by hand until the
backup washer contacts the face of the port
and is pushed all the way towards the locknut.
Forks
5. To position the fitting, unscrew by the required
amount, but not more than one full turn.
6. Hold the fitting in the desired position and
torque the locknut as follows:
Radiator Shroud
Axles
Mirrors and their Brackets
Dash Panels
Instrument Mounting Plate
Air Cleaner
Steering Column
Torque
SAE
Size
lb-ft
Nm
4
6
8
10
12
16
20
24
14.5-17.5
37-43
75-85
115-125
155-165
225-235
260-280
340-360
20-24
50-58
102-115
156-170
210-224
305-319
353-380
461-488
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Joystick Panel
Cab Door Handle
2.8.3 White Paint
Use P/N 8528040 ................... 16 oz spray can
Boom Extend Cylinder
2-4
Section 2 General Instructions
2.9
AFTER SERVICE STARTUP
AND CHECKS
2.9.1 Starting After Servicing
NOTE: Refer to Owners/Operators Manual for
engine cold start procedure.
1. Check fluid levels.
2. Start engine at idle. Check for leaks from
hydraulic components, engine, axles, transmission, brakes and reservoirs.
3. Purge systems of air by operating functions.
4. Check for proper operation.
2.9.5 After Replacing Transmission
1. Check transmission fluid level and replenish
as required.
2. Replace transmission filter.
3. Check torque on drive shaft yoke hardware.
4. Refer to the Clark Maintenance Manual for
“Servicing Machine After Transmission
Overhaul”.
2.9.6 After Tire Servicing
1. Check hydrofill mixture, air pressure and
weight of tire (empty and full).
2. Check wheel nut torque.
2.9.7 After Engine Servicing
5. Retract all cylinders. Shutdown and check
reservoir levels. Recheck levels when oil is
cold.
Consult the qualified service agent for proper
procedure before startup.
6. Replace hydraulic filter if required.
2.9.8 After Boom Servicing
2.9.2 After Hydraulic Component
Servicing
1. Check wear pads.
1. Check torque on fastening hardware of
components being replaced.
3. Lubricate all grease points.
2. Check that hoses are in place and tightly
connected.
2.9.9 After Axle Servicing
3. Check hydraulic fluid level and replenish as
required.
4. Start forklift and bleed systems of air.
5. Check operation.
2. Check chain tension adjustment.
1. Check fluid levels.
2. Check torque of drive shaft yoke hardware.
3. Check wheel nut torque.
4. Check toe-in if required.
5. Lubricate all grease points.
2.9.3 After Brake System Servicing
1. Check level of TRAK wet disc brake oil in
wheel ends and replenish as required.
2. Bleed brakes.
3. Check wheel end brake pressure.
6. Refer to Dana Service Manual for “SECTION
1 - General Information”.
2.10 FLUID LEVELS AND
LUBRICATION
4. Check operation.
2.10.1 Wheel Ends
2.9.4 After Fuel System Servicing
Use the following procedure to check fluid level on
the wheel ends:
1. Bleed fuel system.
2. Fill tank with clean fuel as required.
2-5
1. Level the forklift, ground the carriage, shut off
engine, and engage the parking lock. Be sure
that arrow on wheel end housing is pointing
down.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 2 General Instructions
2. Clean the area around the magnetic drain plug
and remove the plug and check fluid level.
Use only Special TRAK Wet Disc Brake Oil (P/
N 8522042) as required to bring level up even
with the plug hole.
2.10.5 Splines
IMPORTANT: Other brake oils should not be
used! You will lose braking force and brake
squealing will occur.
2.10.6 Drop Box
3. Clean and install drain plug.
2.10.2 Hydraulic Reservoir
With the oil cold and the forklift on a level surface
and all hydraulic cylinders retracted, check the
sight gauge plug. If oil is visible in the sight gauge
plug, the level is satisfactory. If oil level is not
visible in the sight gauge, the level is unsatisfactory and hydraulic oil must be added.
Transmission input shaft splines must be coated
with a molybdenum disulfide or Molykote compound.
Remove level plug in drop box and check level of
oil. Add Tractor Hydraulic Fluid (THF) as required
through the level plug hole with a squeeze bottle.
Bring the oil level up even with the level plug hole
and install the level plug.
2.10.7 Grease Fittings
1. Coat the following with a multi-purpose lithiumbased grease:
• Hydraulic cylinder pins (10 points)
2.10.3 Engine Oil
Oil level should be between the full and add mark
on the dipstick.
• Drive shaft slip joints (3 points)
• Boom chain sheaves (2 points)
• Boom pivot pins (2 points)
2.10.4 Cooling System
• Carriage pivot pins (2 points)
Check level of coolant in overflow bottle. When
coolant is hot, bottle should be 3/4 full to full.
When coolant is cool, bottle should be 1/4 to 1/2
full. Add coolant as required through the overflow
bottle (50/50 mixture of ethylene glycol and water).
• Axle pivot pins (4 points)
• Axle steer knuckles (8 points)
• Axle tie rod ball joints (4 points)
• Axle steer cylinder ball joints (8 points)
2. All excess grease must be removed.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
2-6
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 3. Boom
SECTION 3
BOOM
CONTENTS
Par.
Title
Page
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.1.7
3.1.8
3.1.9
3.1.10
3.1.11
BOOM ASSEMBLY
Inner Boom Replacement
Intermediate Boom Replacement
Outer Boom Replacement
Chain Replacement
Chain Lubrication
Chain Tension Check
Chain Tension Adjustment
Wear Pad Replacement
Hose Tensioning
Long Term Storage Preparation
Boom Lubrication Points
3.2
3.2.2
EMERGENCY
BOOM LOWERING
Loss of Engine Power
or Hydraulic Pump Failure
Hydraulic Line Failure
3.3
QUICK ATTACH ASSEMBLY
3-15
3.4
TROUBLESHOOTING
3-16
3.5
SPECIFICATIONS
3-17
3.2.1
EXTEND CHAIN
3-1
3-1
3-3
3-5
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-13
3-13
3-13
3-14
3.1
BOOM ASSEMBLY
The boom assembly, Fig. 3.1, consists of inner,
intermediate, and outer booms. The intermediate
boom slides in the outer boom and the inner boom
slides in the intermediate boom. As the boom
extend/retract cylinder extends or retracts the
intermediate boom, a pair of extend chains and one
retract chain moves the inner boom in the same
direction.
IMPORTANT: The inner, intermediate and outer
boom replacement instructions in paragraphs 3.1.1
through 3.1.3 must be completed in sequence.
Replacement of two or more booms as a unit
requires special considerations that are not covered
in these instructions.
3.1.1 Inner Boom Replacement
a. Removal
1. Park forklift on level surface, engage park lock
and retract boom.
INTERMEDIATE BOOM
OUTER BOOM
INNER BOOM
GOOSENECK
RETRACT CHAIN
BOOM EXTEND/RETRACT CYLINDER
REAR BOOM COVER
MA0011
Fig. 3.1 Boom Assembly
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3-1
Section 3. Boom
c. Installation
INNER
BOOM
QUICK ATTACH
PIVOT PIN
WITH GREASE
FITTING
1. Refer to Fig. 3.3 and install the bottom wear
pad on the inner boom. Install a new pad if it is
excessively worn (refer to paragraph 3.1.8).
Apply Loctite® Removable Threadlocker 242 to
the capscrews and torque them to 31 lb-ft (42
N m).
GOOSENECK
BASE END
PIN
GRILLE TILT
CYLINDER
LOCK
PIN
QUICK ATTACH
ASSEMBLY
ROD END PIN
MA0021
Fig. 3.2 Gooseneck
2. Prepare to replace the inner boom, Fig. 3.2, by
removing the grille tilt cylinder as described in
paragraph 9.2.4.a.
3. Remove the quick attach pivot pin, Fig. 3.2,
and quick attach assembly from the gooseneck.
4. Remove the rear boom cover, Fig. 3.1.
5. Pull the grille tilt cylinder hoses out the rear
boom cover opening.
2. Connect the extend chains at the top rear of
the inner boom; temporarily secure the other
end of the chains to the top front of the inner
boom
3. Use slings and a suitable hoist to slide the
repaired or new inner boom and extend chains
into the intermediate boom.
4. Working through the rear cover opening,
temporarily install the top and side inner boom
wear pads on the inner boom, Fig. 3.3. Replace pads that are excessively worn. Use the
same amount of shimming as used when the
pads were removed.
IMPORTANT: The ends of wear pad attaching
capscrews must not protrude beyond the wear pad
insert; the ends must range from flush to 0.19" (5
mm) recessed in the wear pad insert (refer to Fig.
3.3).
5. Check the wear pad gap between the inner
boom side and top wear pads and the intermediate boom. The gap should be 0.07 to
0.13" (1,8 to 3,3 mm) and equal for all top and
side wear pads. Install or remove shims as
required.
6. Working from the rear boom cover opening,
record the number of shims beneath each wear
pad as you remove the side and top wear pads
from the inner boom, Fig. 3.3.
6. Install the wear pads by applying Loctite 242 to
the capscrews and torquing them to 31 lb-ft (42
N m).
7. Refer to Fig. 3.1 and remove the locknuts and
washers that attach the extend and retract
chains to the inner boom.
7. Secure the retract chain to the inner boom with
washers and locknuts. Make sure the chains
are not twisted.
8. Use a sling and a suitable hoist to slide the
inner boom out the front of the intermediate
boom.
8. Tie the grille tilt cylinder hoses together and
push them through the inner boom to the
opening at the inner boom gooseneck.
9. Refer to Fig. 3.3 and remove bottom wear pad
from the rear of the inner boom.
b. Inspection and Replacement
9. Refer to Fig. 3.2 and install the quick attach
assembly on the gooseneck with the quick
attach pivot pin. Position pin with grease holes
facing UP.
1. Inspect the boom and welds and contact JLGif
structural damage is detected.
10. Using grease fittings at the ends of the pin,
lubricate the quick attach pivot pin.
2. Inspect hoses and replace if damaged.
11. Install the grille tilt cylinder as described in
paragraph 9.2.4.f.
3. Inspect and replace wear pads as described in
paragraph 3.1.8.
3-2
12. Adjust hose tension as described in paragraphs
3.1.9.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
CAPSCREW ENDS TO BE FLUSH TO
0.19" (5 mm) RECESSED IN WEAR
PAD INSERT
PAD, SPACER, INSERT (2),
LOCK WASHER (6),
FLAT WASHER (6),
3/8-16 X 1-3/4"
CAPSCREW (6),
14 GA SHIM
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
0.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
0.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
INTERMEDIATE
BOOM
INNER BOOM
CAPSCREW ENDS TO BE FLUSH
TO 0.19" (5 mm) RECESSED IN
WEAR PAD INSERT
PAD, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (2),
FLAT WASHER (2),
3/8-16 X 7/8"
CAPSCREW (2)
PAD, #14 GA SHIM, INSERT (2),
LOCK WASHER (4),
FLAT WASHER (4),
3/8-16 X 3/4"
CAPSCREW (4)
MA0031
Fig. 3.3 Rear Wear Pads Attached to Inner Boom
13. Check and adjust chain tension as described in
paragraphs 3.1.6 and 3.1.7.
14. Refer to Fig. 3.1 and install the rear boom
cover.
3. Working from the rear boom cover opening,
record the number of shims beneath each wear
pad as you remove the side and top wear pads
from intermediate boom, Fig. 3.6.
ANTI-BUCKLE BAR
3.1.2 Intermediate Boom Replacement
a
Removal
OUTER BOOM
1. Refer to paragraph 3.1.1.a and remove the
inner boom.
2. Remove the rod end pin, Fig. 3.4, and retaining
rings that attach the rod end of the boom
extend/retract cylinder to the intermediate
boom. Lower the rod end to the anti-buckle
bar.
ROD END PIN
INTERMEDIATE
BOOM
BASE END PIN
EXTEND/RETRACT
CYLINDER
MA0041
Fig. 3.4 Extend/Retract Cylinder
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3-3
Section 3. Boom
4. Use a sling and a suitable hoist to slide the
intermediate boom out the front of the outer
boom.
5. Record the number of shims beneath each
wear pad as you remove the rear bottom, Fig.
3.6, and all front wear pads, Fig. 3.5, from the
intermediate boom.
6. Examine the chain sheaves for wear and
replace if necessary.
b. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the boom and welds and contact JLG if
structural damage is detected.
PAD, INSERT (2),
SPACER, #10 GA SHIM,
FLAT WASHER (4),
LOCK WASHER (4),
3/8-16 X 1-3/4"
CAPSCREW (4)
2. Inspect hoses and replace if damaged.
3. Inspect and replace wear pads as described in
paragraph 3.1.8.
c. Installation
1. Refer to Fig. 3.6 and install the rear bottom
wear pad, Fig. 3.6, on the intermediate boom.
Install a new pad if it is excessively worn (refer
to paragraph 3.1.8). Apply Loctite® Removable
Threadlocker 242 to the capscrews and torque
them to 31 lb-ft (42 N m).
2. Using a sling and a suitable hoist, slide the
repaired or new intermediate boom into the
outer boom.
3. Working through the rear boom cover opening,
refer to Fig. 3.6 and temporarily install the rear
top and side wear pads on the intermediate
boom. Replace pads that are excessively
worn. Use the same amount of shimming as
used when the pads were removed.
IMPORTANT: The ends of wear pad attaching
capscrews must not protrude beyond the wear pad
insert; the ends must range from flush to 0.19" (5
mm) recessed in the wear pad insert (refer to Fig.
3.3).
4. Refer to paragraph 3.1.1.c and install the inner
boom.
INNER BOOM
5. Connect the extend chains at the front of the
outer boom.
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
0.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
6. On the front of the intermediate boom, check
the gap between the intermediate boom side
and top wear pads and the inner boom, Fig.
3.5. The gap should be 0.07 to 0.13 inches
(1,8 to 3,3 mm) and equal on all sides. Remove or install shims as required.
PAD, #10 GA SHIM,
INSERT (4),
LOCK WASHER (8),
FLAT WASHER (8),
3/8-16 X 3/4"
CAPSCREW (8)
7. Working through the rear boom cover opening,
refer to Fig. 3.6 and check the gap between the
intermediate boom side and top wear pads and
the outer boom. The gap should be 0.07 to
0.13 inches (1,8 to 3,3 mm) and equal on all
sides. Remove or install shims as required.
PAD, INSERT (2),
LOCK WASHER (6),
FLAT WASHER (6),
3/8-16 X 7/8"
CAPSCREW (2),
3/8-16 X 1-3/4"
CAPSCREW (4)
INTERMEDIATE
BOOM
MA0051
Fig. 3.5 Front Wear Pads Attached to Intermediate
Boom
3-4
8. Install the wear pads by applying Loctite 242 to
the capscrews and torquing them to 31 lb-ft (42
N m).
9. Refer to Fig. 3.4 and apply anti-seize compound to the rod end pin. Secure the rod end
of the boom extend/retract cylinder to the
intermediate boom with the rod end pin, Fig. 3.4
and retaining rings.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
PAD, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (3),
FLAT WASHER (3),
3/8-16 X 7/8"
CAPSCREW (3)
PAD, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (3),
FLAT WASHER (3),
3/8-16 X 7/8"
CAPSCREW (3)
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
O.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
O.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
O.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
PAD, #10 GA SHIM,
INSERT (2),
LOCK WASHER (4),
FLAT WASHER (4),
3/8-16 X 3/4"
CAPSCREW (4)
PAD, SPACER, #10 GA
SHIM, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (2),
FLAT WASHER (2),
3/8-16 X 2"
CAPSCREW (2)
INTERMEDIATE
BOOM
OUTER BOOM
MA0061
Fig. 3.6 Rear Wear Pads Attached to Intermediate Boom
3.1.3 Outer Boom Replacement
a. Removal
HOIST CYLINDER
ROD END PIN
1. Refer to paragraphs 3.1.1.a and 3.1.2.a and
remove the inner and intermediate booms.
2. Disconnect and remove the extend and retract
chains from the outer boom. Check the
condition of the chains and replace if worn or
damaged.
3
BOOM PIVOT
PIN
OUTER BOOM
Refer to paragraph 9.2.2.a and remove the
boom extend/retract cylinder.
4. Refer to Fig. 3.7 and remove the locknut and
capscrew that secures the slave cylinder rod
end pin. Remove the pin. Check the condition
of the bearing in the cylinder rod end; replace
bearing if worn or damaged.
5. Refer to Fig. 3.8 and disconnect the grille tilt
cylinder hoses from the tubing at the hose
guides and remove the hoses from the boom.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
FRAME
EXTEND/RETRACT
CYLINDER BASE
END PIN
SLAVE CYLINDER
ROD END PIN
MA0071
Fig. 3.7 Outer Boom Pivot Pins
3-5
Section 3. Boom
OUTER BOOM
INTERMEDIATE BOOM
INNER BOOM
HOSES
HOSE GUIDE
CLAMP
TUBING
SUPPORT PLATE
CONNECTION
TO MAIN
CONTROL
VALVE
GRILLE TILT
CYLINDER
MA0081
Fig. 3.8 Grille Tilt Cylinder Hoses
6. Disconnect and cap or plug the grille tilt
cylinder tubing, extend cylinder tubes and
bulkhead fittings in support plate, Fig. 3.8,
below the rear opening of the boom.
7. Loosen clamps that hold the tubing to the
bottom of the outer boom and remove the
tubing from the outer boom.
8. Attach slings and a suitable hoist to the
approximate center of gravity of the outer boom
and remove all slack from hoist cable.
NOTE: The approximate center of gravity of the
outer boom will be closer to the rear of the outer
boom.
14. If the front outer boom wear pads, Fig. 3.9, are
excessively worn, temporarily replace them
with new pads. Use the same amount of
shimming as used when the pads were removed.
IMPORTANT: The ends of wear pad attaching
capscrews must not protrude beyond the wear pad
insert; the ends must range from flush to 0.19" (5
mm) recessed in the wear pad insert (refer to Fig.
3.3).
b. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the boom and welds and contact JLGl
if structural damage is detected.
9. Refer to Fig. 3.7 and remove the locknut and
capscrew that secures the hoist cylinder rod
end pin. Remove the pin. Check the condition
of the bearing in the cylinder rod end; replace
bearing if worn or damaged.
2. Inspect hoses and replace if damaged.
10. Refer to Fig. 3.7 and remove the capscrews
and lock washers securing boom pivot pins to
the outer boom.
1. Using slings and a suitable hoist, align the
outer boom pivot collars with the main frame
bearings.
11. Remove both boom pivot pins and washer
spacers from the outer boom and main frame.
2. Install the boom pivot pins and washer spacers, placing the spacers on the inside of the
frame bearing, Fig. 3.10. Using No. 10 and/or
14 gauge shims, shim to maintain a gap
between the frame bearing and outer boom of
0.07 to 0.13" (1,8 to 3,3 mm).
12. Using the hoist, remove the outer boom from
the main frame of the forklift.
13. Check the condition of both boom pivot main
frame bearings; replace if worn or damaged.
3-6
3. Inspect and replace wear pads as described in
paragraph 3.1.8.
c. Installation
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
PAD, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (2),
FLAT WASHER (2),
3/8-16 X 7/8"
CAPSCREW (2)
PAD, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (2),
FLAT WASHER (2),
3/8-16 X 7/8"
CAPSCREW (2)
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
0.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
0.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
INTERMEDIATE
BOOM
GAP MUST BE 0.07 TO
0.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm)
PAD, #10 GA SHIM,
INSERT (4),
LOCK WASHER (8),
FLAT WASHER (8),
3/8-16 X 3/4"
CAPSCREW (8)
OUTER BOOM
PAD, SPACER, #10 GA
SHIM, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (3),
FLAT WASHER (3),
3/8-16 X 1-3/4"
CAPSCREW (3)
PAD, SPACER, #10 GA
SHIM, INSERT (1),
LOCK WASHER (3),
FLAT WASHER (3),
3/8-16 X 1-3/4"
CAPSCREW (3)
MA0091
Fig. 3.9 Front Wear Pads Attached to Outer Boom (Rear Wear Pads are Attached to Intermediate Boom)
3. Install the capscrews and lock washers locking
the boom pivot pins to the outer boom.
4. Rest the front of the boom on cribbing so it is
not solely supported by the hoist.
5. Install the grille tilt cylinder tubing in clamps on
the bottom of the outer boom, (Fig. 3.8), and
connect each tube, extend tubes and bulkhead
fittings to fittings at the support plate. Connect
main valve hoses. Tighten the tube clamps.
10. Attach the rod end of each hoist cylinder to the
outer boom with a pivot pin and lock the pin in
place with a capscrew and locknut.
SHIM HERE TO MAINTAIN 0.07
TO 0.13" (1,8 TO 3,3 mm) GAP
USING #10 AND/OR 14 GA
CAPSCREW AND
WASHER SPACERS
LOCK NUT
FRAME
BEARING
FRAME
6. Refer to Fig. 3.8 and connect the grille tilt
cylinder hoses to the tubing. Route the hoses
around hose guide bracket and into the outer
boom. Continue pushing the hoses until they
come out the rear boom cover opening.
OUTER
BOOM
7. Install the base end of the boom extend/retract
cylinder on the outer boom with a pivot pin, Fig.
3.7, and retaining rings. Coat the pin with antiseize compound.
BOOM PIVOT
PIN
8. Reattach tubes to extend cylinder ports.
9. Attach the rod end of the slave cylinder to the
outer boom with a pivot pin and lock the pin in
place with a capscrew and locknut.
DO NOT
SHIM HERE
GREASE FITTING
MA0101
Fig. 3.10 Boom Pivot Pin Shimming
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3-7
Section 3. Boom
INNER
BOOM
SHOULDER
SCREW AND
LOCKNUT
CLEVIS
1-1/2"
TO
2-1/2"
(38 mm
TO
63 mm)
YOKE
CHAIN LINK
PIN AND
RETAINING
RING
INTERMEDIATE
BOOM
SHOULDER
SCREW AND
LOCKNUT
EXTEND CHAIN
BLOCK
EXTEND CHAIN,
LOCKNUT AND
FLAT WASHER
OUTER BOOM
INNER BOOM
INTERMEDIATE BOOM
OUTER BOOM
RETRACT CHAIN
LOCKNUT AND
FLAT WASHER
CHAIN
SUPPORT
PLATE
RETRACT
CHAIN
INNER BOOM
RETRACT CHAIN
LOCKNUT AND
FLAT WASHER
MA0111
Fig. 3.11 Chain Replacement
11. Attach the two extend chains at the chain
yoke, Fig. 3.11, on top of the boom. Allow the
remaining ends of the chains to hang free until
the intermediate boom has been installed.
12. Attach the retract chain at the chain support
plate, Fig. 3.11, and route it along the bottom of
the outer boom to the rear boom cover opening.
13. Remove hoist and sling from outer boom.
14. Remove cribbing from front of boom.
15. Refer to paragraphs 3.1.2.b and 3.1.1.b and
install the intermediate and inner booms.
16. Refer to Fig. 3.9 and check the wear pad gap
between the front outer boom side and top wear
3-8
pads and the intermediate boom. The gap
should be 0.07 to 0.13" (1,8 to 3,3 mm) and
equal on all sides. Remove or install shims as
required.
IMPORTANT: The ends of wear pad attaching
capscrews must not protrude beyond the wear pad
insert; the ends must range from flush to 0.19" (5
mm) recessed in the wear pad insert (refer to Fig.
3.3).
17. Install the wear pads by applying Loctite 242 to
the capscrews and torquing them to 31 lb-ft (42
N m).
18. Lubricate the outer boom pivot pins, Fig. 3.7,
with multi-purpose lithium based grease.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
3.1.4 Chain Replacement
Two chains extend the inner boom and one chain
retracts it.
Extend Chains
IMPORTANT: Replace extend chains in pairs or
sets ONLY.
8. Refer to paragraph 3.1.5 and lubricate the
chain.
9. Refer to paragraphs 3.1.6 and 3.1.7 and check
and adjust the chains.
a. Removal
1. Fully retract the boom.
2. Remove the rear boom cover.
3. Refer to Fig. 3.11 and remove the extend chain
locknut and flat washer securing each chain
clevis to a block at the upper rear of the inner
boom.
4. Remove the locknut and shoulder screw that
attaches each extend chain to the yoke at the
front of the boom.
5. Pull the chains out the front of the boom.
6. Remove a chain clevis at both ends of each
chain.
b. Installation
1. Be sure the boom is fully retracted.
2. Install a chain clevis on both ends of each
chain.
3. Working from the rear boom cover opening,
remove both top intermediate boom wear pads
to gain access to rear boom chain connection.
4. Using a long rod or other suitable tool, route the
chains between the upper plates of the inner
and intermediate booms to the front boom
opening. Make sure chains are not twisted.
5. Route the chains over the chain sheave and
attach the chains to the front yoke with a
shoulder screw and locknut. Tighten the
locknut completely, then back off 1/4 turn.
6. Secure the rear of the chain to a block at the
upper rear of the inner boom with a flat washer
and locknut. The elastic collar on the locknut
must engage the chain clevis by at least one
full thread. Be sure locknuts are tightened
equally.
7. Check the position of the chain yoke at the
front of the outer boom. The front of the yoke
must be parallel to the front face of the outer
boom. If not, adjust the locknuts accordingly.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Retract Chain
a. Removal
1. Fully retract the boom.
2. Remove the rear boom cover.
3. Remove the inner boom retract chain locknut
and flat washer, Fig. 3.11, securing the retract
chain to a block at the lower rear of the inner
boom.
4. Remove the outer boom retract chain locknut
and flat washer attaching the retract chain
clevis to a chain support plate at the bottom of
the outer boom.
5. From the rear outer boom cover opening, pull
the retract chain from the space between the
outer and intermediate booms.
6. Remove a chain clevis from each end of the
chain.
b. Installation
1. Be sure the boom is fully retracted.
2. Install a chain clevis on each end of the chain.
3. Secure the rear of the chain to a block at the
lower rear of the inner boom with a flat washer
and locknut. Route the chain around the chain
sheave. The elastic collar on the locknut must
engage the chain clevis by at least one full
thread.
4. Using a long rod or other suitable tool, route the
chain between the lower plates of the outer and
intermediate booms to the chain support plate
opening, Fig. 3.11, on the bottom of the outer
boom.
5. Secure chain clevis to the chain support plate
using a flat washer and locknut. Torque the
locknuts to 35 to 40 lb-ft (47,5 to 54,2 N m).
6. Refer to paragraph 3.1.5 and lubricate the
chain.
7. Refer to paragraphs 3.1.6 and 3.1.7 and check
and adjust the chain.
3-9
Section 3. Boom
3.1.5 Chain Lubrication
BOOM
EXTEND
CHAINS
250 Hour Intervals
1. Remove the rear boom cover from the outer
boom.
2. Extend and retract the boom several times
applying multi-purpose lithium based grease to
the entire retract chain with a brush or grease
gun.
EXTEND
CHAIN
SHEAVE
LUBE
FITTING
3. With the boom fully extended, apply multipurpose lithium based grease to the extend
chain using a brush or grease gun.
4. Install the rear boom cover on the outer boom.
FRONT FACE
OF YOKE
MUST BE
PARALLEL
TO FRONT
FACE OF
OUTER
BOOM
MAXIMUM CHAIN
SAG WITH BOOM
EXTENDED
IS 3/4" (19 mm)
OA0531
Fig. 3.13 Yoke and Extend Chains
Adjust the chains so that:
• the inner boom extends 1-1/2 to 2-1/2" (38
to 64 mm) from the front of the intermediate boom when the boom is retracted, Fig.
3.11, and
• the extend chains are no closer to the
intermediate boom than 3/4" (19 mm) when
the boom is extended, Fig. 3.12, and
• the front face of the yoke, Fig. 3.13, is
parallel to the front face of the outer boom.
CENTER SECTION
OF INTERMEDIATE
BOOM
WEAR
PADS
EXTEND CHAIN
LOCKNUTS
WEAR
PADS
OA0491
Fig. 3.12 Maximum Extend Chain Sag
3.1.6 Chain Tension Check
250 Hour Intervals
Check tension of boom extend chains after the first
50 hours of operation and at 250 hour intervals
thereafter.
3-10
RETRACT CHAIN SHEAVE
LUBE FITTING
OA0521
Fig. 3.14 Rear Boom Cover Opening
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
Adjustment is accomplished using extend chain
adjustment locknuts, Fig. 3.14.
a. Chain Locknut Functions
Loosen extend chain locknuts to extend the inner
boom and increase extend chain sag.
Tighten outer boom retract chain locknut to retract
the inner boom and decrease extend chain sag.
b. Adjusting Procedure
1. Raise the boom to a horizontal (level) position.
Fully extend the boom, then retract it 2" which
is 1" per section (51 mm which is 25,5 mm per
section).
2. Measure sag in the extend boom chains
between the bottom of the chains and the top
of the inner boom at their closest point, Fig.
3.12. Acceptable boom extend chain sag is
between 3/4 and 1-3/4" (19 and 45 mm). If the
measurement is less than 3/4" (19 mm), adjust
the boom chains as described in the following
steps.
RETRACT CHAIN
LOCKNUT
(a) Tighten the locknut, Fig. 3.15, on the
bottom of the outer boom. This retracts
the inner boom and takes up the sag in the
extend chains.
(b) Cycle the boom in and out; then, with the
boom horizontal (level), fully extend the
boom and retract it 2" which is 1" per
section (51 mm which is 25,5 mm per
section).
(c) Measure the chain sag, Fig. 3.12. Acceptable boom extend chain sag is between 3/4
and 1-3/4" (19 and 45 mm). If the chain
sag is less than 3/4" (19 mm) repeat steps
(a) through (c).
3. If the distance measured in Step 1 is less than
2" but greater than 1-1/2" (less than 51 mm but
greater than 38 mm):
(a) Remove the rear cover from the outer
boom and adjust the top extend boom
chains.
(b) Tighten the locknuts, Fig. 3.14, for each
chain. Be sure each locknut is tightened
equally so that chain maintains the same
tension. Equal chain tension can be
checked by observing the position of the
yoke on the outer boom, Fig. 3.13. The
front of the yoke should be parallel with the
front edge of the boom.
(c) Cycle the boom in and out; then, with the
boom horizontal (level), fully extend the
boom and retract it 2" which is 1" per
section (51 mm which is 25,5 mm per
section).
(d) Measure the chain sag. Acceptable boom
chain sag is between 3/4 and 1-3/4" (19
and 45 mm). If chain sag is less than 3/4"
(19 mm), repeat steps (a) through (d).
EXTEND CYLINDER
OA0511
Fig. 3.15 Retract Chain Adjustment Locknut
3.1.7 Chain Tension Adjustment
1. Retract the boom completely to check the
position of the inner boom. If the distance
between the front edges of the intermediate and
inner booms is between 1-1/2 and 2-1/2" (38
and 64 mm) and the extend chain is no closer
than 3/4" (19 mm) from the inner boom,
proceed no further, the boom chains are
adjusted correctly.
2. If the distance between the front edges of the
intermediate and inner booms is 2" or more but
less than 2-1/2" (51 mm or more but less than
63 mm):
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
(e) Replace the rear cover of the outer boom.
3.1.8 Wear Pad Replacement
After the first 50 hours of operation or when
severe wear is suspected
There are 26 wear pads (Fig's 3.3, 3.5, 3.6 and 3.8)
between the outer, intermediate, and inner booms.
Five are attached to the inner boom, thirteen to the
intermediate boom, and eight to the outer. Four
additional wear pads may be used in severe twist
applications.
The wear pads and wear pads with spacers are
shimmed to maintain a gap between the wear pads
and the booms of 0.07 to 0.13" (1,8 to 3,3 mm).
3-11
Section 3. Boom
IMPORTANT: Inspect the pads as follows:
• Replace wear pads that are less than 0.5" (13
mm) thick.
• The ends of wear pad attaching capscrews
must not protrude beyond the wear pad insert;
the ends must range from flush to 0.19" (5 mm)
recessed in the wear pad insert; refer to Fig.
3.3.
• When you install a wear pad on one side
(including top or bottom) of boom, replace the
corresponding wear pad on the other side of the
boom. Usually shimming will remain the same
when installing new wear pads on corresponding sides of the boom.
®
• Apply Loctite 242 to all wear pad screws and
torque them to 28 to 34 lb-ft (38 to 46 N m).
a. Inner Boom Wear Pads (Fig. 3.3)
1. All inner boom wear pads can be removed by
working through the rear boom cover opening.
2. The bottom pad may be removed by first
removing the top pads. Use a wooden wedge
between the inner and intermediate boom to
provide clearance for removing the bottom pad.
3. Inspect the wear pads removed as described in
the preceding IMPORTANT notice.
b. Intermediate Boom Wear Pads
(Fig. 3.5 and 3.6)
1. The rear wear pads can be removed by working
through the rear boom cover opening.
2. The rear bottom pad may be removed by first
removing the top pads, by using a wooden
wedge between the inner and intermediate
boom, thereby providing clearance for removing
the bottom pad.
3. Front pads can be removed at the front of the
boom.
intermediate boom raises up, thereby providing
clearance for removing the bottom pad.
3. Inspect the wear pads removed as described in
the preceding IMPORTANT notice.
3.1.9 Hose Tensioning
100 Hour Intervals
Adjust grille tilt cylinder hose or auxiliary hydraulic
hose tension whenever the boom is disassembled,
a hose is changed, or whenever proper hose
adjustment is in question. Check hose tension as
part of general maintenance every 100 hours.
IMPORTANT: Before you begin tensioning the
hoses make sure that the hoses are not twisted
within the boom. Keep the hose manufacturers
marking in line as a guide.
1. Park forklift on level surface, engage park lock
and fully retract and level the boom.
2. Remove the rear boom cover, Fig. 3.1.
3. If the vehicle has auxilliary hydraulics there will
be four hoses in hose clamps, Fig. 3.16b, with
the auxilliary hose clamps stacked on top of
the grille tilt cylinder hose clamps, Fig. 3.16a.
Remove the capscrews and hose clamps,
holding upper hoses in place, Fig. 3.16b, and
move aside to gain access to the lower
capscrews and hose clamps.
Pull hoses, through hose
clamps, 1" further to
tension hoses
180°
Hose must have a
minimum of 180° of
contact with pulley
Pull hoses, through hose
clamps, 1" further to
tension hoses
5. Inspect the wear pads removed as described in
the preceding IMPORTANT notice.
Lower set of hose clamps
and stacking capscrews
1. All outer wear pads can be removed working at
the front of the boom.
2. The front bottom pad may be removed by first
removing the top pads. Lower the gooseneck
end of the inner boom to the ground until the
3-12
MA6040
Fig. 3.16a Cylinder Hose Tensioning
4. The front bottom pad may be removed by first
removing the top pads. Lower the gooseneck
end of the inner boom to the ground until the
intermediate boom raises up to provide clearance for removing the bottom pad.
c. Outer Boom Wear Pads (Fig. 3.9)
Inner boom hose
clamps and capscrews
Upper set of hose
clamps and capscrews
180°
Hose must have a minimum of
180° of contact with pulley
MA6050
When vehicle has auxilliary hydraulics option, remove
upper clamps in stack and tension lower hoses first and
then tension top hoses
Fig. 3.16b Cylinder Hose Tensioning
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
4. Loosen capscrews securing the hose clamps
to the inner boom, Fig. 3.16a or Fig. 3.16b.
5. Manually remove all hose slack between the
pulley and the inner boom hose clamps and the
pulley and the outer boom tubes. Pull the
hoses through the hose clamps, towards the
front of the boom, until there is 180° of hose in
contact with the pulley.
6. Pull the hoses 1" further into the hose clamps
so the hose achieves more than 180° of
contact with the pulley and at the same time
tighten the clamp capscrews.
7. If the vehicle has auxilliary hydraulics, replace
the upper hoses and clamps onto the lower
hose clamps. Do not fully tighten the capscrews. Repeat steps 4 through 6 for the upper
hoses and clamps.
3.1.10 Long Term Storage Preparation
Remove rust and corrosion from sliding surfaces
and coat with grease.
C
A A
COUNTERBALANCE VALVE
ADJUSTING
SCREW
EXTEND/RETRACT
CYLINDER
OA0542
Fig. 3.18 Counterbalance Valve on Boom Extend/
Retract Cylinder
4. With the boom extended fully, apply MPG to
the extend chain using a brush or grease gun.
5. Replace the rear outer boom cover.
8. Replace the rear boom cover.
B
RETAINER NUT
EMERGENCY BOOM
LOWERING
3.2.1 Loss of Engine Power
or Hydraulic Pump Failure
B (FIG. 3.13)
A
D
A
A
3.2
OA0182
Fig. 3.17 Forklift Lubrication Points
3.1.11 Boom Lubrication Points
If you lose engine power or hydraulics with an
elevated boom, lower the boom to the ground by
using the following procedure:
Warning !
DO NOT get under a raised boom unless the
boom is blocked up. Always block the boom
before doing any servicing which requires the
boom to be up.
Lubricate the following grease fittings using MultiPurpose Grease (MPG) every 50 hour interval.
Refer to Fig. 3.17.
IMPORTANT: If the boom has been extended, you
must first retract the boom before you attempt to
lower the boom.
A. Hydraulic cylinder pins (8 points)
To retract the boom proceed as follows:
B. Boom chain sheaves (2 points)
1. Block the boom so it cannot be lowered.
C. Boom pivot pins (2 points)
D. Carriage pivot pin (2 points)
Lubricate the boom extend and retract chains using
Multi-Purpose Grease (MPG) every 250 hour
interval.
1. Prepare to grease the chains by removing the
rear cover from the outer boom.
2. Apply MPG to retract chain using a brush or
grease gun.
2. At the base end of the extend/retract cylinder,
locate the counterbalance valve cartridge, Fig.
3.18. Loosen the retainer nut and turn the
adjusting screw in (clockwise) until it bottoms
out. Doing this will render the counterbalance
valve inoperative.
3. Clear the area around the machine of all
personnel and return to the operators cab.
4. Move the boom control lever to the left and
retract the boom.
3. Extend and retract the boom several times to
permit grease to penetrate the entire chain.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3-13
Section 3. Boom
COUNTERBALANCE
VALVE
IMPORTANT: If the boom has been extended, you
must first retract the boom before you attempt to
lower the boom.
1. Block the boom so it cannot be lowered.
BOOM HOIST
CYLINDERS
ADJUSTING
SCREW
RETAINER
NUT
OA0552
Fig. 3.19 Counterbalance Valves on Boom Hoist
Cylinders
After the boom has been retracted fully, proceed as
follows:
1. At the base of each hoist cylinder, locate the
counterbalance valve cartridges, Fig. 3.19.
Loosen the retainer nut on each cartridge and
turn the adjusting screws in (clockwise) until
they bottom out. Doing this will render each
counterbalance valve inoperative.
2. Remove the blocking that is supporting the
boom.
3. Clear the area around the machine of all
personnel and return to the operators cab.
4. Move the boom control lever forward to lower
the boom.
IMPORTANT: This procedure is to be used in
emergency situations only. By turning the counterbalance cartridge adjusting screws to make the
valve inoperative, the pressure settings of the
cartridge have been altered. DO NOT attempt to
reset these cartridges. Remove and replace all
three cartridges with new parts. Failure to replace
these cartridges with new parts will result in erratic
(extreme bouncing) lowering action, which may
cause damage to other components.
3.2.2 Hydraulic Line Failure
Warning !
In the event of a hydraulic line failure in any of
the boom control circuits, extreme CAUTION
must be taken when attempting to lower an
elevated load. Hydraulic oil under high pressure
will escape through the fault in the line which
may result in the boom retracting or lowering at
a rapid rate. DO NOT perform this procedure
unless you are absolutely sure of what you are
doing. Consult your local JLG Distributor or the
JLG Service Department before proceeding.
3-14
2. If the line failure is isolated to the hoist circuitry
only, boom retraction can be performed by
operating the boom control lever in the normal
fashion.
3. If the line failure is in the boom extend line the
boom must be retracted by following the next
step:
(a) At the base of the extend/retract cylinder,
locate the counterbalance valve cartridge,
Fig. 3.18. Loosen the retainer nut and
control the rate of retraction by turning the
adjusting screw into the cartridge very
slowly clockwise. Hydraulic oil from inside
the extend/retract cylinder will escape
through the fault in the line.
4. If the line failure is in the boom retract line the
boom must be retracted by following the next 3
steps:
(a) At the base of the extend/retract cylinder,
locate the counterbalance valve cartridge
Fig. 3.19. Loosen the retainer nut and turn
the adjusting screw in (clockwise) until it
bottoms out. Doing this will render the
counterbalance valve inoperative.
(b) Clear the area around the machine of all
personnel and return to the operators cab.
(c) Move the boom control lever to the left to
retract the boom.
5. If the line failure was isolated to the extend/
retract circuit only, the boom can now be
lowered by operating the boom control lever in
the normal fashion after the blocking is removed.
After the boom has been retracted fully, proceed as
follows:
1. Remove the blocking that is supporting the
boom.
2. If the line failure is in the boom hoist line the
boom must be lowered by following the next
step.
(a) Using two people to perform this procedure
will make boom lowering much easier. At
the base end of each hoist cylinder, locate
the counterbalance valve cartridges, Fig. 319. Loosen the retainer nut and control the
rate of boom lowering by turning the
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
adjusting screw on each cartridge simultaneously into the cartridge very slowly
clockwise. Hydraulic oil from inside the
hoist cylinders will escape through the fault
in the line.
3. If the line failure is in the boom lowering line
the boom must be lowered by following the next
3 steps:
(a) At the base of each hoist cylinder, locate
the counterbalance valve cartridges, Fig. 319. Loosen the retainer nut on each
cartridge and turn the adjusting screws in
(clockwise) until they bottom out. Doing
this will render each counterbalance valve
inoperative.
(b) Clear the area around the machine of all
personnel and return to the operators cab.
(c) Move the boom control lever forward to
lower the boom.
IMPORTANT: This procedure is to be used in
emergency situations only. By turning the counterbalance cartridge adjusting screws to lower the
boom, the pressure settings of the cartridge have
been altered. DO NOT attempt to reset these
cartridges. Remove and replace all three cartridges
with new parts. Failure to replace these cartridges
with new parts will result in erratic (extreme bouncing) lowering action, which may cause damage to
other components.
3.3
QUICK ATTACH
ASSEMBLY
b. Installation
1. If the latch assembly was removed, install it as
follows:
(a) Assemble flat washer (2, Fig. 3.20), latch
(3), spacer, and spring (4) on the capscrew.
(b) Install capscrew (1) on the quick attach
making sure the straight end of the spring
rides on the top edge of the weldment
plate.
(c) Install, snug and then back off locknut (5)
as required to permit free rotation of latch
(3).
(d) Stretch the spring hook over the latch.
2. Install quick attach assembly (10) on gooseneck (7) with quick attach pin (8). Lock the pin
in place with capscrew and locknut (6).
3. Lubricate the pin through grease fittings using a
good grade of multi-purpose lithium based
grease.
4. Install grille tilt cylinder rod (14) on the quick
attach assembly with cylinder rod end pin (12).
Lock the pin in place with capscrew and
locknut (13).
5. Lubricate the pin through grease fitting using a
good grade of multi-purpose lithium based
grease.
6. Install the attachment on the quick attach
assembly.
1. Capscrew
3
4, STRETCH
OVER LATCH
The quick attach assembly, Fig. 3.20, provides a
structure on which an attachment may be installed
or removed from the forklift.
6
5
1
a. Removal
4, STRAIGHT
END
1. Fully lower boom and ground the attachment.
7
2. Remove the attachment from the quick attach.
3. Remove capscrew and locknut (13, Fig. 3.20)
locking grille tilt cylinder rod end pin (12) in the
quick attach.
Remove capscrew and locknut (6) locking
quick attach pin (8) in the quick attach.
6. Tap the quick attach pin from the quick attach.
7. Remove quick attach assembly (10) from
gooseneck (7).
8. Remove the latch assembly capscrew (1), flat
washer (2), locknut (5), spring (4), spacer, and
latch (3) if any replacement is necessary.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
8
14
9
13
4. Tap the grille tilt cylinder rod end pin from the
quick attach.
5
2
10
12
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Washer, Flat
Latch
Spring
Locknut
Capscrew and
Locknut
7. Gooseneck
8. Pin, quick attach
11
MA0131
9. Fitting, grease (both
ends)
10. Quick Attach Assembly
11. Fitting, grease
12. Pin, grille cylinder
13. Capscrew and Locknut
14. Rod, grille tilt cylinder
Fig. 3.20 Quick Attach
Assembly
3-15
Section 3. Boom
3.4
TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Broken hydraulic line and/or
connection leaks.
Locate break and/or stop
leaks.
Faulty Extend/Retract
Cylinder.
Repair Cylinder.
Section 9
Faulty components in Extend/
Retract hydraulic circuitry.
Troubleshoot components
and repair or replace
components.
Section 9
Broken chains or chain
connections.
Repair or replace chains.
See para. 3.1.4
Broken Hydraulic line and/or
connection leaks.
Locate break and/or stop
leaks.
Faulty Hoist Cylinder(s).
Repair Cylinder(s).
Section 9
Faulty components in
Raise/Lower hydraulic circuitry.
Troubleshoot components
and repair or replace.
Section 9
Excessive Boom
Pivot Pin or
Cylinder Pivot
Pin Wear
Improper grease intervals.
Replace worn pins and lubricate
at regular intervals.
See para. 3.1.11
Worn bearings.
Replace bearings and lubricate
at regular intervals.
Section 9
Excessive
Wear
Pad Wear
Improper wear pad shimming.
Check shim adjustment and
shim properly.
See para. 3.1.8
Contaminated, corroded or
rusted wear pad sliding
surfaces (due to improper
preparation for long term
storage).
Prep boom properly for long
term storage.
See para. 3.1.10
Drooping Chain or
Jerky Boom
Extend or Retract
Functions
Chains out of adjustment.
Readjust chains.
See para. 3.1.7
Grille Tilt or
Auxiliary Hydraulic
Circuit Line
Failures
Improper hose tension or
hose sheave misaligned.
Reset hose sheave tension.
See para. 3.1.9
Excessive Chain
Wear
Chain out of adjustment.
Replace and readjust chains
properly.
See para. 3.1.4
& 3.1.6
Improper chain lubrication.
Replace chain(s) and lubricate
at regular intervals.
See para. 3.1.4
& 3.1.5
Fails to Extend or
Retract
Fails to Raise or
Lower
3-16
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 3. Boom
3.5
SPECIFICATIONS
For 13.00-24 10 ply Tires For 15,00-19.5 12 ply Tires
Maximum lift height - boom extended
36 ft. 1 in. (11 m)
35 ft. 5 in. (10,8 m)
Maximum lift height - boom retracted
20 ft. 1 in. (6,1 m)
19 ft. 3 in. (11,7 m)
Maximum below grade depth - boom
extended
39.5 in. (100,3 cm)
40.5 in. (102,9 cm)
Maximum reach from front of tire
22 ft. 5 in. (6,8 m)
22 ft. 10 in. (7,0 m)
Maximum reach at maximum lift
angle - boom extended
45.0 in. (114,3 cm)
50.5 in. (128,3 cm)
Reach at maximum lift angle - boom
-26.0 in. (-66,0 cm)
-19.6 in. (-49,8 cm)
21 ft. 2.5 in. (6,5 m)
21 ft. 8.25 in. (6,6 m)
71 degrees
71 degrees
-9 degrees
-9 degrees
Minimum boom angle up
11 degrees
11 degrees
Minimum boom angle down
101 degrees
101 degrees
Maximum boom angle up
87 degrees
87 degrees
Maximum boom angle down
25 degrees
25 degrees
retracted
Maximum reach at minimum boom
angle - boom extended
Maximum boom lift angle
Fork tilt angle at:
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3-17
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 4. Operator's Cab
SECTION 4
OPERATOR'S CAB
CONTENTS
Par.
4.1
4.2
Title
Page
SEAT
4-1
MECHANICAL HAND CONTROLS
4-1
4.2.1
4.2.2
Steering Wheel and Steering Unit
Travel Select and
Range Select Lever
Boom Control and Grille
and Frame Tilt Joystick
4-4
MECHANICAL
FOOT CONTROLS
4-5
4.3.1
4.3.2
Service Brake Pedal
Throttle Pedal and Cable
4-5
4-6
4.4
REAR VIEW MIRRORS
4-8
4.4.1
4.4.2
Mirror Head Adjustment
Mirror Cleaning and Inspection
4-8
4-8
4.2.3
4.3
4.1
SEAT
CUSHION
4-2
4-2
SEAT
The seat, Fig. 4.1, is mounted on an adjustable
suspension unit. The seat assembly consists of a
seat cushion and two slides. One of the slides has
a forward/backward adjustment lever. A seat belt
is attached to the seat.
SLIDES
SEAT
BELT
SUSPENSION
UNIT
SUSPENSION
ADJUST KNOB
OA0071
Fig. 4.1 Seat
4.2
MECHANICAL HAND
CONTROLS
a. Adjustment
You can adjust the seat for your weight and height
and position it horizontally and vertically.
Position the seat for your height by simply pulling
up on the seat until the desired level (low, middle,
or high) is attained. To return the seat to the low
level, raise the seat past the high level and allow it
to return to the low level.
Adjust the seat to your weight by turning a suspension adjust knob on the front of the suspension
unit until you see your weight in kilograms (2.2
pounds per kilogram) on an indicator next to the
knob.
Mechanical hand controls in the operators cab are
shown in Fig. 4.2.
TRAVEL RANGE
SELECT SELECT
LEVER
LEVER
The seat and seat slides may be removed from
the suspension unit and mounting plate by removing four locknuts and flat washers that attach the
seat slides to the suspension unit.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
STEERING WHEEL
AND STEERING
UNIT
BOOM
CONTROL
LEVER
F
N
R
Adjust the horizontal or forward/backward position
of the seat by using the forward/backward lever on
the slide to the left of the seat.
b. Seat Removal
FORWARD/
BACKWARD
LEVER
DANG
ER
LOWER PANEL
GRILLE AND FRAME
TILT CONTROL LEVER
OA0021A
Fig. 4.2 Mechanical Hand Controls
4-1
Section 4. Operator's Cab
TRAVEL SELECT
LEVER FOR
FORWARD-F,
NEUTRAL-N, AND
REVERSE-R
RANGE SELECT
LEVER FOR LOW-1,
MEDIUM-2, AND
HIGH-3
GATE PLATE
BELL CRANKS
SHIFTER ASSEMBLY
CLEVIS PIN, WASHER, AND
COTTER PIN
SWIVEL
COTTER PIN AND WASHER
LOCKNUT
CABLE MOUNTING STRAP
REVERSE SWITCH
CONTROL CABLE
ANGLE BRACKET
LOCKNUT AND CAPSCREW
REVERSE
SWITCH
LEAD
WIRES
CLAMP
MA0141
Fig. 4.3 Shifter Assembly
4.2.1 Steering Wheel and Steering Unit
The steering wheel changes the direction of forklift
travel in two-wheel, four-wheel, or crab steering
modes as designated by the steering select
switch. Refer to your Owners/Operators Manual
for a description of these steering modes.
The wheel is attached to the steering unit with a
nut that must be torqued to 50 lb-ft (68 N m). The
steering unit is attached to the control console with
four flange-head screws and lock washers.
4.2.2 Travel Select and
Range Select Levers
Use the travel select lever to place transmission in
Forward-F, Neutral-N, and Reverse-R and the
range select lever to select Low-1, Medium-2, and
High-3 gears.
The levers are mounted in a transmission shifter
assembly, Fig. 4.3. A cable attached to each lever
4-2
terminates at a linkage which moves a spool in the
transmission control valve.
a. Transmission Shifter
Removal
1. Remove lower panel, Fig. 4.2, below the
control console.
2. Remove the clamps that secure the control
cables to the angle brackets.
3. Remove the cotter pins and washers that
attach the swivels to the bellcranks. Label and
remove the cables from the shifter assembly,
Fig. 4.3. Remove the swivel from the end of
each cable by turning it counterclockwise
4. Disconnect the reverse switch red and black
lead wires from the wiring harness.
5. Remove the shifter assembly from the control
console.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 4. Operator's Cab
b. Transmission Cable
Removal
Maintenance
1. Prepare to clean and lubricate the spring, disk
and ball in each travel and range select lever
mechanism by removing the cotter pins,
washers and clevis pins that secure each lever
to the shifter assembly. Remove the levers
from the shifter assembly.
2. Clean each lever spring, disk, and ball with an
approved solvent. Replace defective or
damaged parts as required. Apply a multipurpose grease to each disk, spring, and ball.
3. Install the spring, disk and ball in the shifter
assembly.
Installation
1. Install the shifter assembly on the control
console.
2. Connect the reverse switch wires to the wire
harness by connecting the red switch wire to
red harness wire 24 and the black switch wire
to yellow harness wire 31.
3. Use washers and cotter pins to connect the
specific cable with swivels to the appropriate
bellcranks.
4. Secure the control cables to their respective
angle brackets with clamps.
5. Install the lower panel on the control console.
1. Remove lower panel below control console.
2. Remove the clamp that secures control cable
to angle bracket, Fig. 4.3.
3. Remove cotter pin and washer that attach the
swivel to the shifter assembly bellcrank and
remove the swivel with cable from the lever.
4. Remove the swivel from end of each cable.
5. Remove the transmission cover.
6. Remove the cotter pin and washer, Fig. 4.4,
that attach the cable connecting the swivel to
the bellcrank and remove the swivel with cable
from the bellcrank.
7. Remove the swivel from the cable by turning it
counterclockwise.
Installation
1. Thread jam nut and swivel on rod end as
shown and connect swivel to bellcrank using a
washer and a cotter pin, Fig. 4.4.
2. Tighten jam nut.
3. Place travel and range select levers in their
middle positions—N and 2.
4. With transmission spools in center position,
install clamp into groove on cable and secure
clamp to bracket.
BRACKET
COTTER PIN AND WASHER
CLAMP
RANGE SELECT CONTROL CABLE
SWIVEL
TRAVEL SELECT
CONTROL CABLE
BELL CRANK
0.25" (64 mm)
TRANSMISSION CONTROL
VALVE SPOOL AND PLUG
ASSEMBLIES
JAM NUT
MA0151
Fig. 4.4 Transmission Control Valve Cable
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
4-3
Section 4. Operator's Cab
4.2.3 Boom Control and Grille
and Frame Tilt Joysticks
The Boom Control Joystick raises, lowers, retracts, and extends the boom. The Grille / Frame
Tilt Joystick tips the carriage up or down and tilts
the frame left or right. See the Owners/Operators
Manual for operational descriptions.
A control cable attached to each joystick assembly, Fig. 4.5, terminates at a valve section on the
main control valve, Fig. 4.6.
JOYSTICK ASSEMBLY
a. Joystick Assembly
Removal
1. Remove the lower panel which is located
below the side console.
2. Remove the covers from the joystick assembly, Fig. 4.5.
CABLE BUSHING
SLIDER
3. Loosen the lock screws until the control
cables, with lock screws and cable bushings,
can be removed from the sliders.
LOCK SCREW
4. Remove the joystick assembly from the side
console panel.
CONTROL CABLES
MA0161
Fig. 4.5 Joystick Assembly With Covers Removed
Installation
5. Assemble the other end of each cable, Fig.
4.3, by installing the swivel on the cable by
turning it clockwise. Position each swivel so it
lines up with the hole in each bellcrank.
1. Install joystick assembly in side console panel.
2. Install the control cables in the sliders.
3. Tighten the slider lock screws holding the
sliders in position with a 5/8 inch open-end
wrench.
6. Install the swivel by using a washer and a
cotter pin.
IMPORTANT: Do not exceed 55 lb-ft (75 N m);
DO NOT let slider rotate during this step. It could
damage other internal parts of the joystick.
7. Clamp the cable to the angle bracket.
8. Install the transmission cover and lower panel.
CONTROL CABLE
SPOOL
JAM NUT
MAIN CONTROL VALVE
Boom Hoist
Boom Extend/Retract
Grille Tilt
Frame Tilt
CLEVIS
BRACKET
CLAMP
COTTER PIN
CLEVIS PIN
MA0171
Fig. 4.6 Boom Control and Grille and Frame Tilt Control Lever Connections
4-4
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 4. Operator's Cab
4. Install the covers on the joystick assembly.
5. Install the lower panel.
BRAKE VALVE
PUSH ROD
JAM NUT
b. Joystick Control Cables
Removal
1. Remove the lower panel which is below the
side console.
2. Remove the covers from the joystick assembly, Fig. 4.5.
3. Loosen the lock screw until the control cable,
with lock screw and cable bushing, can be
removed from the slider.
4. Unthread cable bushing from cable and
remove lock screw from cable.
5. Remove the transmission cover.
6. Remove the clamp, Fig. 4.6, that secures the
control cable to the bracket on the forklift
frame.
7. Remove the cotter and clevis pin that attaches
the control cable to the spool on the main
control valve.
8. Remove the clevis and jam nut from cable
end.
9. Remove the cable from the forklift.
Installation
1. Route the control cable between the joystick
and the main control valve.
BRAKE VALVE
SPRING
YOKE
SHAFT
COTTER PIN
ADJUSTING NUT
STOP SCREW
CLEVIS PIN
Set stop screw
for 2" (51 mm)
clearance from
wall with pedal released and
1/2" (13 mm) minimum
clearance from wall with
pedal depressed.
PEDAL
MA0181
Fig. 4.7 Service Brake Pedal
4.3
MECHANICAL FOOT
CONTROLS
4.3.1 Service Brake Pedal
When you press the service brake pedal you
activate a brake valve that applies the hydraulic
service brakes. The service brake pedal pivots on
a shaft and is held in the raised position by a
spring.
a. Removal
2. Secure the cable to the main control valve
spool, Fig. 4.6, with clevis and cotter pins.
1. Remove the lower panel below the control
console.
3. At the other end of the cable, slip the lock
screw over the cable rod end.
2. Remove the cotter pins and clevis, Fig. 4.7,
that secures the brake valve yoke to the brake
pedal.
4. Thread the cable bushing onto the cable rod
end and position it as shown in Fig. 4.5.
5. Insert the cable into the control slider. Then
thread the lock screw into the slider
6. Use a 5/8 inch open end wrench to hold the
slider in position and tighten the slider lock
screw; work carefully so you don’t rotate the
slider.
IMPORTANT: Do not exceed 55 lb-ft (75 N m).
7. Adjust the cable at both ends so that it operates properly.
8. Replace the covers on the joystick assembly.
9. Install the lower panel below the side console.
10. Install the transmission cover.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
NOTE: Brake valve push rod will slip out of brake
valve at this point. Remove push rod with yoke
attached.
3. Remove the spring from the pedal.
4. Remove one capscrew, washer and nut that
attaches pedal shaft to mounting frame. Slide
shaft out of pedal and remove pedal and flat
washers.
b. Installation
1. Lubricate the shaft, Fig. 4.7, with multipurpose lithium-based grease. Install shaft
through mounting frame, flat washer, pedal,
flat washer and mounting frame. Secure in
place with capscrew and nut.
4-5
Section 4. Operator's Cab
PEDAL
LIMIT STOP SCREW
CAB FLOOR
LOCKNUT
WASHER
CLAMP
LEVER ASSEMBLY
CABLE SUPPORT
CLEVIS PIN AND LOCK CLIP
THROTTLE CABLE
SPRING
JAM NUT
MA0191
CLEVIS
Fig. 4.8 Throttle Pedal
2. Install the spring on the pedal and hook the
other end over the support inside the console.
3. Slide push rod into brake valve and secure the
yoke to the pedal with clevis and cotter pins.
4. Check the brake valve capscrews to be sure
they are torqued to 30 lb-ft (40,8 N m).
a. Throttle Pedal Assembly
Removal
1. Working beneath the operator’s cab, remove
the spring, Fig. 4.8, from between the pedal
clamp and the clevis.
5. Adjust the pedal as described in paragraph c.
2. Remove the clevis pin and lock clip attaching
the clevis to the throttle lever assembly.
6. Install the lower panel below the control
console.
3. Remove the clamp attaching the throttle cable
to the cable support.
c. Adjustment
4. Working from inside the cab, remove the three
bolts, lock washers, and nuts attaching the
pedal to the cab floor.
1. Remove the lower panel below the control
console.
2. Fully depress the brake pedal and set push
rod for 1/2" (13 mm) minimum clearance under
pedal arm as shown in Fig. 4.7.
3. Release brake pedal and adjust the adjusting
nut, Fig. 4.7, so the pedal is 2" (51 mm) from
the front cab wall. Depress the pedal. It must
not contact the cab wall.
4. Adjust push rod so it does not depress brake
valve piston completely. There must be 1/2"
(13 mm) clearance between the end of the rod
and the piston. Tighten the rod jam nut to 30
lb-ft (40,8 N m) when adjustments are complete.
4.3.2 Throttle Pedal and Cable
The throttle or accelerator pedal increases engine
rpm. A throttle cable connects it to a throttle and
stop lever on the engine fuel pump, Fig. 4.9. A
spring returns it to the raised position.
4-6
5. Remove the pedal from the floor.
Installation
1. Secure the pedal, Fig. 4.8, to the floor with
three bolts, lock washers, and nuts.
2. Attach the cable to the support with a clamp.
3. Fasten the clevis to the lever assembly with
the clevis pin and lock clip.
4. Hook one end of the spring around the pedal
clamp and the other end around the neck of
the clevis, Fig. 4.8.
5. Check that all connections are secure.
6. If necessary, adjust the pedal limit stop as
follows:
Adjustment
1. Lightly depress the throttle pedal to full
position.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 4. Operator's Cab
2. Adjust the limit stop screw until it touches the
pedal.
7. Remove the long clevis and jam nut from the
cable end.
3. Tighten the locknut to 120 to 125 lb-inch (13,6
to 14,1 N m).
8. Remove the throttle cable from the forklift.
4. Check engine rpm at full throttle. If not 2600
to 2860 rpm, readjust the limit stop screw.
IMPORTANT: During the full throttle check
• operate no hydraulic function,
• do not steer, and
• be sure the transmission is in neutral.
b. Throttle Cable
Removal
1. Working beneath the operator’s cab, remove
the spring, Fig. 4.8, from between the pedal
clamp and washer on the clevis.
2. Remove lock clip and clevis pin that attaches
the clevis to the throttle lever assembly.
3. Remove the clamp attaching the throttle cable
to the cable support. Remove short clevis,
washer, and jam nut from the cable end.
4. Open the right side engine access door.
5. Remove the round-head screws attaching the
clamp, Fig. 4.9, to the throttle cable bracket.
Remove the clamp from the bracket.
6. Remove the cotter pin, clevis pin and two
washers attaching the throttle cable clevis to
the engine stop and throttle lever, Fig. 4.9.
Installation
1. Thread jam nut and long clevis completely
onto one end of the cable. Thread a jam nut,
washer and short clevis completely on the
other end of the cable. Further adjustment on
the rod end will be required after the cable is
installed.
2. Secure long clevis end of throttle cable to the
engine stop and throttle lever, Fig. 4.9, with
clevis pin, washers and cotter pin. Be sure
both washers are positioned between clevis
and above engine stop and throttle lever.
3. Install the cable in the clamp and secure the
clamp on the throttle cable bracket with roundhead screws.
4. Route cable on forklift to throttle panel under
floor of operator cab.
5. Attach the short clevis end of the cable to the
support with a clamp, Fig. 4.8.
6. Fasten the short clevis to the lever assembly
with a clevis pin and lock clip.
7. Clamp cable to cable support.
8. Hook one end of the spring around the pedal
clamp and the other end around the neck of
the clevis, Fig. 4.8.
7. Check that all connections are secure.
TWO
WASHERS
BRACKET
JAM NUT
8. If necessary, adjust the pedal limit stop as
described in the following paragraph.
9. Close and lock right side engine access door.
STOP AND
THROTTLE LEVER
Adjustment
1. Lightly depress the throttle pedal to full
position
THROTTLE
CABLE
2. Adjust the limit stop screw until it touches the
pedal.
3. Tighten the locknut to 120 to 125 lb-inch (13,6
to 14,1 N m).
FUEL PUMP
CLAMP
4. Check engine rpm at full throttle. If it is not
between 2600 and 2860 rpm, readjust the limit
stop screw.
IMPORTANT: During the full throttle check
CLEVIS, CLEVIS PIN
AND COTTER PIN
Fig. 4.9 Throttle Cable Engine Connection
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
• operate no hydraulic function,
MA0201
• do not steer, and
• be sure the transmission is in neutral.
4-7
Section 4. Operator's Cab
4.4
3. Tighten “preset” pivot bolt to a 3/16" (5 mm)
gap as shown in Fig. 4.11.
REAR VIEW MIRRORS
The forklift has two rear view mirrors.
• A 6-1/2 by 10" flat glass mirror on the cab
frame to the left of the operator.
• A 6-1/2 by 6" convex glass mirror on the
forklift frame to the right of the operator.
The mirrors have an outer gasket for edge shock
protection. If a mirror shatters, a replacement
mirror can be installed in the mirror head.
4.4.1 Mirror Head Adjustment
A “preset” locates the “home” position for each
mirror. When you swing a mirror outward a detent
locks the mirror in your preset viewing position.
This reduces the need for frequent mirror adjustment.
You can swing the mirror assembly inboard to
reduce overall vehicle width for parking in tight
areas; the mirror will also pivot inboard upon
impact.
Adjust mirror “preset” as follows:
IMPORTANT: Before attempting to reposition a
mirror on a forklift which has just been received
from the factory, loosen the bottom nuts to permit
loop and mirror adjustment.
PIVOT BOLT
LOOP
RETAINING CAP
LOCK WASHER
LOCKPLATE
TUBING SUPPORT
BRACKETS
FLAT WASHER
BOTTOM NUT
MA1480
Fig. 4.12 Tighten Bottom Nut While Holding Pivot
Bolt Stationary
4. Be sure lock pins are seated in lock plate as
shown in Fig. 4.12. Tighten bottom nut while
holding pivot bolt stationary. Then torque
bottom nut 250 to 300 lb-inch (28 to 34 N m).
This will lock the “preset” to its “home” position. The effective torque value for your mirror
could vary slightly. The nut must be tight
enough to prevent the lock plate from rotating;
it must hold the mirror assembly in position
under forklift operating conditions and allow
the mirror to pivot freely when moved by hand.
5. Check “preset” function by rotating loop back
and forth. A definite click will be heard and felt
as the loop is rotated past the “home” position.
6. Return loop to “home” position. The loop
should snap firmly into place and the lock pins
should be firmly located in the holes of the
lock plate.
LOOP
NOTE: Use all weather grease periodically on the
lock pins to maintain smooth operation.
90°
MA1460
Fig. 4.10 Position Loop 90° from Side of Forklift
1. Position the loops so they extend from the
side of the forklift, Fig. 4.10.
2. Adjust mirror heads for proper view. Evaluate
view from operator’s seat; change loop angle
and readjust each mirror if necessary.
3/16" (5 mm) GAP
PIVOT BOLT
TENSION
WASHER
LOCK PINS
LOCKPLATE
BOTTOM NUT
MA1470
Fig. 4.11 Tighten Pivot Bolt to
Provide a 3/16" (5 mm) Gap
4-8
4.4.2 Mirror Cleaning and Inspection
1. The mirrors must be properly adjusted. They
must be kept free from condensation, frost,
ice, snow, dust and dirt. Rinse heavy grit from
mirror before you clean it with glass cleaner
and dry it with a soft cloth.
2. Be especially careful when removing ice from
mirror to avoid breaking or scratching mirror.
You can use a nonmetallic scraper, heat or an
approved chemical to lower the freezing point
of the ice to aid in ice removal.
3. Return each mirror to “home” position after
cleaning.
4. Replace mirror glass if broken, damaged or
missing (the concave surface of the convex
mirror has a 21" radius).
5. Replace mounting hardware if damaged or
missing.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
SECTION 5
WHEEL ASSEMBLY, TIRES, AND AXLE
CONTENTS
Par.
Title
5.1
WHEEL ASSEMBLY AND TIRE
5.1.1
Removing Hydrofill from Tire or Tube
within Tire
Demounting Tire
Removing Wheel from Forklift
Demounting Standard Tire
from Three Piece Wheel
Demounting Optional Tire
from Single Piece Wheel
Wheel Cleaning
Wheel and Tire Inspection
and Replacement
Tire and Wheel Lubrication
Mixing Hydrofill Solution
Filling a Tire or a Tube within a Tire
with Hydrofill
Mounting Tire
Mounting Standard Tire
on Three Piece Wheel
Mounting Optional Tire
on Single Piece Wheel
Connecting Core Ejector Tool
to Tire Valve Stem
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.1.8
5.1.9
5.1.10
5.1.11
5.1.12
5.1.13
5.1.14
5-1
Page
Par.
5-2
5.1.15
5.1.16
5.1.17
5.1.18
Installing a Wheel on the Forklift
Care of Core Ejector
Care of Pump
Tire Speed and
Road Surface Limitations
5-10
5-10
5-10
5.1.19
Care and Storage of Tires
5-10
5.2
AXLE ASSEMBLY
5-11
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
Axle
Wheel End With Service Brakes
Wheel End Without Service Brakes
Axle Steering Joints
Steering Cylinder and Tie Rod
Park Lock Unit
5-12
5-15
5-17
5-17
5-21
5-21
5-23
5-4
5-5
5-5
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-7
5-7
5-7
Title
Page
5-10
5.2.7
Carrier Assembly
5-7
5-8
5.3
AXLE LUBRICATION
5-26
5.3.1
5.3.2
Grease
Differential Housing Oil
5-26
5-26
5-8
5.3.3
Wheel End Brake Oil
5-27
5-9
5.4
5.5
SPECIFICATIONS
TROUBLESHOOTING
5-27
5-28
5-9
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
5.1
WHEEL ASSEMBLY
AND TIRE
Warning !
Whenever you remove tire(s) and wheel(s)
from forklift:
• Position forklift on a flat, hard surface and
support forklift with approved jack stands.
• Use appropriate safety glasses, safety shoes
and appropriate clothing and equipment.
• Do not wear rings or jewelry or use clothing
or hair styles that could become caught in
machinery or pinch points such as those
created between tire and hub.
• Allow no one to be under forklift or near drive
line when engine is operating or drive line is
in motion because clothing and limbs could
be caught by and drawn into drive line
resulting in serious personal injury or death.
• Deflate tire completely before servicing as
specified in paragraph 5.1.1.
• Use specialized tools for mounting and
demounting tires. These include 18 and 36
inch bead unseating tools, tire irons, a mallet
for unseating beads, a wire brush, a remote
control inflation line with clip-on chuck so
operator may stand aside during inflation,
and an air/water pressure gauge that operator can observe during inflation.
• Use safety cage or enclose tire in safety
chains when inflating a newly mounted tire or
deflating a tire.
• Inflate tire to manufacturer’s recommended
cold operating pressure.
• Use only approved tire mounting lubricant;
never use antifreeze, silicones or petroleum
base lubricants.
• Be sure rim diameter exactly matches rim
diameter molded on tire. Clean and inspect
rim.
• Inspect inside of tire for dirt, foreign material,
loose cords, cuts, penetrating objects, and
other carcass damage; discard tires with
unreparable damage.
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
The forklift may have standard or optional wheels
and tires.
• Standard 13.00 - 24, 10 ply tires and three
piece 8.00 - 24 TGF wheels
• Optional 15.00 x 19.5, 12 ply tires and single
piece 12.5 x 19.5 wheels.
The tires are filled with air and hydrofill which is a
calcium chloride and water solution. Super large
bore TR618A valve stems expedite inflation and
deflation or evacuation. A special core housing
ejector tool is used for inflating and evacuating. A
hose connects the ejector tool to a pump and a
barrel or reservoir of the calcium chloride solution,
and an air/water pressure gauge.
IMPORTANT: Mount tire so it will rotate in the
direction of arrow on side wall of tire, Fig. 5.1.
Position tire on wheel so tire will rotate in direction
of arrow. This mounting requirement produces
Left Side and Right Side Tire and Wheel Assemblies.
When filling or evacuating a tire:
• position valve stem at its highest or top
position when filling tire;
• position tire with valve stem at its lowest or
bottom position when evacuating a tire.
Check tire inflation with valve at the bottom of a
hydrofill or liquid filled tire when tire is cold and
before forklift is operated. A tire that has sufficient
pressure when hot may be underinflated when it
cools.
Warning !
• NEVER operate forklift without hydrofill in
tires.
• NEVER attempt to unseat the beads of an
inflated tire.
• NEVER reinflate a tire that has been run flat
or seriously underinflated without removing
tire from wheel and checking for tire and rim
damage.
• NEVER hit a tire or rim with a hammer or
sharp object.
• NEVER rework, weld, heat, or braze a rim.
5-2
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
SOME TIRES HAVE THIS INSTRUCTION EMBOSSED IN SIDE WALL:
DRIVING TIRES MUST ROTATE
AS THE ARROW POINTS
(OTHER TIRES MUST ROTATE
IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION)
VALVE POSITION FOR
FILLING TIRE WITH
HYDROFILL AND AIR
ARROW POINTS TO RIGHT
ON BOOM SIDE OF FORKLIFT
MA0212
A SS E
WH
EL
M
Y
BL
E
TIRE
HUB
WHEEL LUG NUT
MA0214
MA0211
VALVE POSITION FOR CHECKING TIRE PRESSURE
AND FOR DRAINING HYDROFILL FROM TIRE
NOTE DIRECTION OF
TREAD PATTERN
ARROW POINTS TO LEFT
ON CAB SIDE OF FORKLIFT
MA0213
Fig. 5.1 Tire Direction of Rotation and Valve Stem Positions for Tire Pressure Check, Fill and Evacuate
NOTE: The calcium chloride hydrofill solution will
corrode a standard tire pressure gauge. Use a
corrosion resistant tire pressure gauge . Be sure
to flush the gauge with clear water after checking
a tire inflated with hydrofill and air.
solution from the tire.
Before you remove a tire from a wheel, use an
ejector tool to remove the valve core and use
ejector tool and pump to remove calcium chloride
Instructions in italics refer to a tire with an optional
tube. You may use a tube if the tire doesn’t
provide an air tight seal.
5-3
These instructions cover tire removal and installation for the standard three piece wheel and for the
optional single piece wheel.
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
FIXED SIDE FLANGE
AND TIRE SEAT
LOOSE SIDE FLANGE
AND TIRE SEAT
RIM BASE
LOCK RING
EMBOSSED VALVE HOLE
TR618A AIR-WATER
TYPE VALVE
O-RING SEALING RING
MA0221
Fig. 5.2 Standard Wheel Assembly with T-Type Rim and Fixed Back Flange
Tire and wheel maintenance is covered in the
following paragraphs:
5.1.1 Removing Hydrofill from Tire or
Tube within Tire
5.1.1
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the warning
notices and general instructions in paragraph 5.1.
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.1.8
5.1.9
5.1.10
5.1.11
5.1.12
5.1.13
5.1.14
5.1.15
5.1.16
5.1.17
5.1.18
5.1.19
Removing Hydrofill from Tire
or Tube within Tire
Demounting Tire
Removing Wheel from Forklift
Demounting Standard Tire
from Three Piece Wheel
Demounting Optional Tire
from Single Piece Wheel
Wheel Cleaning
Wheel and Tire Inspection
and Replacement
Tire and Wheel Lubrication
Mixing Hydrofill Solution
Filling Tire or a Tube within Tire with
Hydrofill (a Calcium Chloride Solution)
Mounting Standard Tire
on Three Piece Wheel
Mounting Optional Tire
on Single Piece Wheel
Connecting Core Ejector Tool
to Tire Valve Stem
Filling a Tire with Hydrofill (a Calcium
Chloride Solution)
Installing a Wheel on the Forklift
Care of Core Ejector
Care of Pump
Tire Speed and Road Surface Limitations
Care and Storage of Tires
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
2. If tire or tube within tire is on the forklift, use a jack to
raise the forklift until the tire is slightly deflected and
the valve is at the bottom in the valve drain position,
Fig. 5.1. Use jack stands to support the forklift in the
raised position.
3. Connect core ejector tool (1, Fig. 5.4) to valve stem
as described in paragraph 5.1.10.
4. With the pump control in the CHECK position,
unscrew and retract core housing into ejector body.
5. Start pump and turn pump control to EVACUATE
position and run until tire is completely evacuated.
6. Check to determine if the valve stem is plugged by
removing the core ejector tool. Run a piece of wire
through the stem to make sure it is not plugged.
7. Turn pump control to CHECK position, stop pump,
replace core housing in valve stem, stop pump and
disconnect core ejector.
8. If there is no tube within the tire, unseat beads and
demount front bead from rim and pump remaining
hydrofill solution from tire.
5-4
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
START BEAD ON THIS SIDE OF RIM
DEEP WELL
MA0231
Fig. 5.3 Optional Wheel Assembly with Single Piece Rim
5.1.2 Demounting Tire
IMPORTANT: Always completely deflate tire as
described in paragraph 5.1.1 before you attempt to
demount tire.
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. To remove a wheel from the forklift refer to
paragraph 5.1.5.
5.1.3 Removing Wheel from Forklift
The tires are filled with air and hydrofill which is a
calcium chloride and water solution. Usually this
solution is removed from the tire (as described in
paragraph 5.1.1) before the wheel is removed from
the forklift.
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. Use a jack to raise the forklift. Rotate wheel to
position tire valve at bottom and then lower
wheel until tire is slightly deflected.
3. Remove hydrofill from tire or tube as described
in paragraph 5.1.1.
IMPORTANT: Always completely deflate tire as
described in paragraph 5.1.1 before you attempt to
demount tire.
4. Loosen the wheel lug nuts.
5-5
5. Use a suitable hoist or jack to raise the axle
until the tire clears the ground. Use approved
jack stands to support the forklift ; never rely
solely on jack or hoist.
6. Remove the wheel lug nuts, Fig. 5.1, and
wheel and tire assembly from the axle hub.
5.1.4 Demounting Standard Tire from
Three Piece Wheel
IMPORTANT: Always completely deflate tire as
described in paragraph 5.1.1 before you attempt to
demount a tire.
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. Place the wheel and tire assembly on the floor
on blocks with the loose side flange side up,
Fig. 5.2.
3. After deflating the tire as described in paragraph 5.1.1, drive the hooked ends of two
bead unseating tools between the tire bead
and rim flange about 5 inches apart; be careful
that you don’t damage the tire bead area. Pry
both tools down and out. Leave one tool in
position and place the second about 5 inches
beyond. Repeat the operation slowly, in
successive steps, until tire bead is completely
unseated.
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
5.1.5 Demounting Optional Tire
from Single Piece Wheel
CLIP-ON CHUCK
IMPORTANT: Always completely deflate tire as
described in paragraph 5.1.1, before you attempt
to demount a tire.
CORE EJECTOR BODY
CORE REMOVER
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
EJECTOR CHUCK
PACKING NUT
2. Place the wheel and tire assembly on the floor
on blocks with the narrow ledge on the bottom,
Fig. 5.3.
NOTE: A mechanical bead unseating and seating
tool may be purchased from the Iowa Mold Tooling
Company to facilitate step 3.
HANDLE
3. After deflating tire as described in paragraph
5.1.1, drive the hooked ends of two bead
unseating tools between tire bead and rim
flange about 5" (130 mm) apart; be careful that
you don’t damage the tire bead area. Pry both
tools down and out. Leave one tool in position
and place the second about 5" (130 mm)
beyond. Repeat the operation slowly, in
successive steps, until tire bead is completely
unseated.
VALVE CORE
4. Turn the tire and wheel over and unseat the
second bead as described in step 3.
MA0241
Figure 5.4 Core Ejector Tool
NOTE: A mechanical bead unseating and seating
tool may be purchased from the Iowa Mold Tooling
Company to facilitate step 3.
4. After the tire bead is unseated, stand on the
flange and tire side wall to depress the flange
down along the rim base; then, pry loose the
lock ring. Keep fingers out of the way.
5. Hold the side flange down with the hooked
end of a bead unseating tool and remove the
O-ring from the O-ring groove.
6. Remove the side flange. Turn tire and rim
over and unseat second bead by inserting
both bead unseating tools between the bead
and rim flange as in step 3. Repeat step 3
until the tire bead is completely broken loose
from the rim on the fixed flange side. Lift rim
base out of tire.
7. Refer to paragraph 5.1.11 for tire mounting
instructions
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
5. Thoroughly lubricate rim flange and tire bead
with a thin solution of vegetable oil soap in
water or equivalent rubber lubricant recommended for this requirement (never use
petroleum-base lubricants or silicones).
6. Force part of bead across rim from valve into
well. Starting at valve, pry bead over rim
flange using two 18" (500 mm) tire irons.
Continue by taking short bites to avoid damage to bead until top bead is completely over
the rim flange.
7. Bring assembly to upright position and pull
tube out of tire casing. When only tube
requires repair or replacement, thoroughly
inspect inside of tire casing for foreign material
or damage and make sure both tube and
inside of casing are dry before reinserting
tube.
8. To completely remove tire from rim, turn
assembly over and lubricate second tire bead
and rim flange. Be sure one side of bead still
on the rim is in the rim well and insert tire irons
under opposite side of bead. Work rim slowly
out of tire by taking small bites alternatively
using both tire irons.
5-6
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
9. Remove the valve stem from the rim base.
5.1.9 Mixing Hydrofill Solution
10. Refer to paragraph 5.1.12 for tire mounting
instructions.
Prepare the hydrofill mixture by pouring calcium
chloride into water; never add water to calcium
chloride as considerable heat is generated in this
mixing process. Let the solution cool to atmospheric temperature before pumping it into the tire.
To mix and cool the solution, place the pump
control in the FILL position and use the pump to
circulate the solution through the core ejector body
and back into the reservoir.
5.1.6 Wheel Cleaning
Remove all rust, corrosion, dirt, and other foreign
material from all metal surfaces. This is especially
important in the rim gutter and bead areas, and
mating surface of the lock ring.
Warning !
Assembling dirty or rusty rim components is
dangerous. Dirt and rust prevent components
from seating properly which could result in an
explosive separation. Such explosions could
result in severe injury or death to the operator
and to those in the area.
5.1.7 Wheel and Tire Inspection
and Replacement
1. Inspect the air-liquid valve core and stem, Fig.
5.2. Replace the entire valve if either component is damaged. Replace the core O-ring
and stem seal regardless of condition.
2. Replace any tire that is worn or cut through
the cords. When replacing tires, follow the tire
manufacturers recommendations.
3. Check all metal surfaces for rust, corrosion,
cracks, bent flanges, sprung lock ring, and
deep tool marks on rings or gutter areas.
Replace all damaged, worn out, or cracked
parts.
4. Replace the rim base and/or lock ring if there
is any wearing away of the metal mating
surfaces and/or if they are deformed, broken
or cracked, or pitted from corrosion.
5. Replace the sealing ring regardless of condition.
5.1.8 Tire and Wheel Lubrication
1. Apply lubricant to the bead seat area, tire
bead, and rim mating surfaces prior to mounting the tire.
2. Use only those lubricants recommended by
rim and tire manufacturers.
3. Lubricate the new sealing ring with an approved vegetable-based lubricant.
5-7
5.1.10 Filling a Tire or a Tube
within a Tire with Hydrofill
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. Place the wheel assembly with the valve stem
straight up in a safety cage, Fig. 5.1. Attach
clip on chuck, insert the valve core in the
stem, Fig. 5.2, then withdraw handle of core
ejector tool. Stand to the side during inflation.
3. Pressurize the tire to approximately 3 psi (0,21
bar). Check for proper alignment of all components.
• If assembly is incorrect, STOP, DEFLATE,
correct the assembly and repeat the
procedure.
• If assembly is okay, continue to inflate to
35 psi (2,4 bar).
Warning !
Never inflate beyond 35 psi (2,4 bar) pressure.
If beads have not seated by the time pressure
reaches 35 psi (2,4 bar), deflate the assembly,
reposition the tire on the rim, relubricate and
reinflate. After seating beads, adjust inflation
to recommended pressure. Allowing air
pressure to build within the assembly in an
attempt to seat the beads is a DANGEROUS
PRACTICE. In seating beads, inflation beyond
35 psi (2,4 bar) may break the bead (or even
the rim) with explosive force sufficient to cause
serious physical injury or death.
4. To fill a tire 75 percent with water solution, first
inflate tire to 35 psi (2,4 bar) after the beads
have been fully seated in the mounting
procedure. Jack up the wheel, if done on a
forklift, and turn the wheel to bring valve to top
position.
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
5. Inspect both sides of the tire to be sure beads
are evenly seated. If not, completely deflate
tire, unseat beads and repeat entire mounting
procedure.
6. Lower jack until tire is slightly deflected. With
pump not running and the pump control
handle at CHECK position, connect ejector
and remove core housing as described in
paragraph 5.1.1.
7. After connection is made, bleed pressure
down to about 5 psi (0,35 bar) by moving
pump control to EVACUATE. This is sufficient
pressure to keep the beads seated on the rim.
8. When this point is reached, start pump and
move pump control to the FILL position and
start hydroinflating the tire.
9. Check pressure in tire periodically with pump
gauge by placing pump in NEUTRAL or
CHECK position.
10. If pressure exceeds 20 psi (1,4 bar), move
pump control to EVACUATE until pressure is
bled back to not less than 5 psi (0,35 bar).
11. After pressure is lowered, continue pumping.
Repeat above steps as often as may be
necessary until water or solution weight added
to the assembly is equal to that shown in the
table.
12. Replace core housing in valve stem by
pushing handle (4) in until contact is made;
turn handle clockwise until core housing is
screwed tight in valve stem.
13. Withdraw handle, set pump to EVACUATE,
and pump all liquid from hose.
14. Shut off pump.
15. Unscrew ejector body (2) from valve.
16. To assure fully-seated beads inflate tire to 35
psi (2,4 bar) using a standard air line, and then
with valve stem at top, bleed pressure–and
excess water or solution–down to 1 to 2 psi
(0,07 to 0,14 bar) above recommended
inflation.
17. Set final working pressure after tire has been
mounted on forklift and with weight of forklift
on tire. Position the wheel so valve stem is at
the bottom position. Use an air-water gauge
to check inflation pressure of each tire at least
once a week.
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
18. Insert the valve core in the stem and pressurize the tire as follows:
AIR PRESSURES:
13.00 x 24 Size, 10 ply (Standard)
55 psi (3,79 bar)
15.00 x 19.5 Size, 12 ply (Optional)
60 psi (4,14 bar)
HYDROFILL MIXTURE:
13.00 x 24, 10 ply (Standard)
164 lb (74 kg) Calcium Chloride
to 33 gal. (125 liter) of water (each tire)
15.00 x 19.5, 12 ply (Optional)
120 lb (54 kg) Calcium Chloride
to 24 gal. (91 liter) of water (each tire)
5.1.11 Mounting Tire
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. Refer to paragraph 5.1.12 or 5.1.13 when
mounting tire on wheel which is not attached
to forklift.
5.1.12 Mounting Standard Tire
on Three Piece Wheel
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. Install the valve stem, Fig. 5.2, into the hole in
the rim and tighten to 45 to 55 lb-inch (5 to 6,2
N m). Make sure parts are clean, repainted if
necessary, and have been inspected for
damage and cracks before proceeding with
mounting.
3. Make sure correct parts are being assembled.
Lay rim base on block with the flange side
down. Place tire over rim base.
NOTE: A mechanical bead unseating and seating
tool may be purchased from the Iowa Mold Tooling
Company to facilitate step 4.
4. Place side flange over rim base and push
straight down with hands as far as possible.
Make sure flange does not bind on rim base.
5. Stand on side flange to position it below both
grooves in rim base and snap lock ring into
lock ring (Upper) groove. Be certain the
embossed “safety bulge” on the lock ring is up
toward the operator.
5-8
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
6. Lubricate a new rubber O-ring. Place O-ring
in groove on one side and stretch O-ring
snapping it into place rather than rolling it into
place. The lubricate the entire O-ring groove
areas with an approved vegetable-based
lubricant.
NOTE: It may be necessary to hold the side
flange down with the flat end of the tire iron to
expose the O-ring groove.
7. Check the components to make certain they
are correctly assembled . The lock ring must
be fully seated in its gutter.
8. Partially inflate tube and insert in tire casing
with valve located near valve hole in rim.
Attach valve retrieval tool to valve and thread
tool through valve hole (inserting the tube and
attaching the tool may be facilitated by placing
a block under the tire).
9. Inflate tire using hydrofill as described in
paragraph 5.1.10.
5.1.13 Mounting Optional Tire
on Single Piece Wheel
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. Install the valve stem, Fig. 5.3, into the hole in
the rim and tighten to 45 to 55 lb-inch (5 to 6,2
N m). Make sure parts are clean, repainted if
necessary, and have been inspected for
damage and cracks before proceeding with
mounting.
3. Place rim on floor with narrow ledge on top.
4. Lubricate bottom tire bead and top rim flange
with a thin solution of vegetable oil soap in
water or equivalent rubber lubricant recommended for this requirement (never use
petroleum-base or silicone lubricants).
NOTE: A mechanical bead unseating and seating
tool may be purchased from the Iowa Mold
Tooling Company to facilitate step 5.
5. Push bottom bead over rim as far as possible.
Use 36" tire irons to work the first bead
completely over rim flange, taking small bites
and being careful not to damage bead.
NOTE: On deep well rims, start bead on rim
nearest deep well, Fig. 5.3.
6. Partially inflate tube with air and insert in tire
casing with valve located near valve hole in
rim. Attach valve retrieval tool to valve and
thread tool through valve hole (inserting the
5-9
tube and attaching the tool may be facilitated
by placing a block under the tire).
7. Starting opposite the valve, use tire irons to
lever top bead over the rim flange and down
into rim well. Be careful to avoid pinching tube
with tire irons. Locking pliers may be used to
“keep your place”. When bead is well started
lubricate remaining unmounted portion of tire
bead and rim flange. Taking small bites,
spoon tire bead over rim flange until final
section drops over at valve.
8. Thoroughly lubricate tire beads and rim bead
seats on both sides of tire.
9. Center tire on rim and inflate to fully seat bead
[do not exceed 35 psi (2,4 bar)] using an
extension hose with clip-on chuck and gauge
to permit operator to stand clear of tire. Then
remove valve core and completely deflate.
Reinsert valve core and reinflate to recommended pressure as described in paragraph
5.1.10.
NOTE: If either bead should fail to seat at 35 psi
(2,4 bar) inflation, the tire may be pinched between
tire bead and rim or something else is interfering
with proper mounting. Do not increase pressure to
seat beads, but remove valve core and completely
deflate. Break both beads loose from rim, relubricate both tire beads and rim bead seat areas.
Reinstall core and repeat inflation procedures.
5.1.14 Connecting Core Ejector Tool
to Tire Valve Stem
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. With the pump not running and pump valve in
CHECK position, screw core ejector body onto
stem with handle (4) of core ejector pulled out.
3. Push handle of core ejector in until it makes
contact with the core housing of the valve.
4. Hold the core ejector in you left hand and strike
the handle (4) with your right hand to force the
core housing in ejector chuck (6).
5. Turn handle (4) counterclockwise to unscrew
the core housing, pushing inward lightly so you
can feel the threads disengage when completely unscrewed.
6. Pull handle (4) out as far as it will go to retract
core housing into ejector body. The handle will
pull out easier if rotated while pulling, as
packing nut (7) should be tight enough to
prevent air or liquid leaks.
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
5.1.15 Installing a Wheel
on the Forklift
experience shows was started by the overheated
condition that developed when the unit was towed
at high speed.
1. Be sure you’ve read and understood the
warning notices and general instructions in
paragraph 5.1.
2. Remove the wheel assembly from the safety
cage and place it on the axle hub.
3. Secure the wheel assembly to the axle hub
with ten wheel lug nuts. Torque the nuts to
450 to 500 lb-ft (612 to 680 N m). Use the
torquing sequence shown in Fig. 5.5.
1
5
7
9
3
8
OA0453
6
2
Fig. 5.5 Wheel Torque Sequence
4. Remove the jack stands and lower the tire to
the ground.
5.1.16 Care of Core Ejector
Keep packing nut (7) on plunger fairly tight to
avoid leaks. However, do not set it so tight that
plunger cannot easily be pushed into position.
When not in use for long periods of time, keep
core ejector submerged in a container of clear
water.
5.1.17 Care of Pump
Do not pump all of the solution out of the reservoir.
A small amount of solution is required to keep air
out of the pump and thus prevent corrosion and
sticking. If water is used, be sure to place pump
and reservoir where the water will not freeze.
5.1.18 Tire Speed and
Road Surface Limitations
Forklift tires are designed for low speed operations
not exceeding 25 mph (40 km/hr). If the forklift is
towed at high speeds on the highway, high
temperatures may develop under the tread bars
and weaken the rubber material and cord fabric.
There may be no visible evidence of damage at
the time. Later a premature failure occurs which
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
5.1.19 Care and Storage of Tires
Store unmounted tires vertically on tread. If stored
for an extended period, rotate tires periodically to
reduce stress concentrations in the area of ground
contact. Tires should not be stored flat and “stove
piped” as they will become squashed and distorted, making mounting on the rim difficult–
particularly for tubeless tires.
Inflated tires should be stored under the conditions
noted above, with inflation pressure reduced to 10
psi (0,7 bar).
4
10
If tires are to operate for any length of time on
roads or other hard surfaces, it is advisable to
increase pressure in the tire to the maximum
recommendation to reduce the movement of the
tread bars that causes excessive wiping action.
Tires should not be stored out-of-doors. However,
it there is no alternative, tires so stored must be
protected from the elements. An unbroken
opaque covering is required as protection from
sun and rain.
Exposure to weather will cause crazing and
cracking of the rubber surfaces as well as deterioration of the tire carcass–particularly where rain
water is permitted to accumulate in the tires.
When extended storage is anticipated, the forklift
should be blocked up so the tires are out of
ground contact. Inflation pressure in the tires
should then be reduced to 10 psi (0,7 bar). Other
precautions as noted above should be observed.
If it is not possible to block up the forklift, inflation
pressure in the tires should be increased 25
percent. The forklift should be moved from time to
time to change the location of stress concentrations in the tire ground contact area.
Store tires indoors in a cool, dark, dry area free
from drafts. Both heat and light are sources of
oxidation on the tire surfaces–a result of which is
crazing and weather checking. Never store tires
on oily floors or otherwise in contact with solvents,
oil or grease. Further, tires should not be stored in
the same area with volatile solvents. Such
solvents are readily absorbed by rubber and will
damage and weaken it.
Store tires away from electric motors, generators,
arc welders, etc., since these are active sources of
ozone. Ozone attacks rubber and causes crazing
and weather checking.
5-10
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
5.2
AXLE ASSEMBLY
The axle assembly rotates and turns the wheels.
Both front and rear axles consist of a differential
carrier assembly, a left and right axle steering
joint, and a left and right wheel end, Fig. 5.6. The
Warning !
Do not attempt carrier and differential removal
and installation and differential and pinion
disassembly and assembly without thoroughly
understanding instructions in Spicer® Dana
publications and correspondence which applies
to your forklift. Refer to paragraph 5.3.
• Wear safety glasses at all times when
working on forklift and forklift components.
• If it becomes necessary to disassemble any
parts inside the carrier, it is suggested that
the entire axle be removed from the forklift
and held tight in a stand or rack with carrier
pinion positioned up.
front axle wheel ends contain service brakes. If
the forklift has a turbocharged engine both the
front and rear axle wheel ends contain service
brakes.
tools and safety equipment, if you assemble
components improperly, if you use incompatible components, if you use worn-out or
damaged components, or if you use components in a nonapproved application.
• Some manufacturers may require the assembly of brake components on Dana axles that
use materials containing asbestos fibers.
Breathing asbestos dust may be hazardous
to your health and may cause serious
respiratory or other bodily harm. Follow
O.S.H.A. standards for proper protective
devices when you work with asbestos
materials.
• If axle assembly is still in the forklift, be sure
carrier, differential and pinion assemblies are
securely supported before they are separated
from the axle housing.
• Before you use silicone rubber sealant (RTV)
and lubricating grease and oils, become
familiar with and follow all safety recommendations provided product manufacturer and
supplier. When working with these products
follow industrial hygiene practices (before
eating, thoroughly wash hands and face). Do
not eat, drink or smoke in areas where there
is potential for significant exposure to these
materials.
• A serious or fatal injury can occur if you lack
proper training, if you fail to follow recommended procedures, if you do not use proper
• When discarding materials observe all local,
state, and federal laws and regulations for
approved disposal procedures.
• When removing axle assembly, make sure
forklift is properly supported; an improperly
supported vehicle can cause serious injury or
death.
Caution !
The use of non-original equipment replacement
parts is not recommended as their use may
cause unit failure and affect vehicle safety. An
identification tag on the axle housing contains
the axle assembly number, the serial number
and the build date. Supply all of the information on this tag when referring to components
of the axle assembly. Refer to Spicer® Dana
Maintenance Manual for Models PS/PR-7036
for gear set identification instructions.
• Be extremely careful when working on
components using snap rings or springloaded retention devices.
5-11
• Wear industrial strength safety goggles or
glasses whenever you work on the forklift or
forklift components.
• It is impossible to know, evaluate and advise
the service trade of all conceivable ways in
which service might be done or of the possible hazardous consequences of each way.
Accordingly, whenever you use a service
procedure or tool which is not recommended
you must first satisfy yourself thoroughly that
neither personal or vehicle safety will be
jeopardized by the service method you
select.
Model 6036/6036T S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
IMPORTANT:
• When replacing a fastener, replace it with one
of equal or higher grade and quality. Torque
fasteners are recommended for the application.
• Some service operations require the use of
tools specifically designed for the purpose.
Use the special tools when and as recommended.
• Hammering on end yokes or flanges to
remove or install them is not only destructive
to the yoke or flange itself, but can also cause
serious internal damage. Hammering on end
yokes can close the bearing bores or misalign
yoke lugs and result in early failures of journal
needle bearings or other driveline components. Serious damage can also be done
internally to the ring and pinion set or pinion
bearings by hammering on external parts.
Remove and install end yokes by following
recommended procedures.
larly over the breather, drain the hypoid gear
lubricant and inspect internal parts for water
damage and contamination. Before you assemble
and refill the unit with the specified lubricants,
clean, examine, and replace damaged parts.
Clean, examine, and replace damaged parts if
necessary.
NOTE: If the hubs are exposed to deep water, it is
possible that water could enter the carrier at the
point the inner axle shaft enters the axle housing.
This could also necessitate the draining of the
hypoid lubricant as described above. Whenever
you remove bearings, replace them with new
bearings, regardless of mileage. Use suitable
pullers for bearing removal. Clean, inspect, and
lubricate all bearings just prior to reassembly. If
replacement of a damaged bearing cup or cone is
necessary, replace the cup and cone as a set.
DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER
ASSEMBLY
FRONT AXLE WHEEL END
WITH SERVICE BRAKES OR
REAR AXLE WHEEL END
• Do not reuse oil or grease seals.
CLEANING: Clean parts with machined or ground
surfaces such as gears, bearings, and shafts with
emulsion cleaners or petroleum based cleaners.
Steam cleaning of internal components and the
interior of the planetary hub and axle housing is not
recommended. Water can cause corrosion of
critical parts. Rust contamination in the lubricant
can cause gear and bearing failure. Clean all
surfaces of old gasket material.
DRYING: Use clean lint-free towels to dry components after cleaning. DO NOT dry bearings by
spinning with compressed air. This can damage
mating surfaces due to lack of lubrication. After
drying, lightly coat components with oil or rust
preventive to protect them from corrosion. If
components are to be stored for a prolonged period
they should be wrapped in wax paper.
PERIODIC OPERATION REQUIREMENT: EVERY TWO WEEKS drive the forklift far enough to
cause the drivetrain components to make several
complete revolutions. This procedure will help
assure that all internal components receive adequate lubrication to minimize component deterioration caused by an undesirable environment such as
high humidity.
SUBMERSION OR DEEP WATER FORDING: If
the vehicle is exposed to water deep enough to
cover the hubs, disassemble the wheel ends and
inspect for water damage and contamination. If
you submerge the carrier housing in water, particuModel 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
AXLE
STEERING
JOINT
MA0251
Fig. 5.6 Axle
5.2.1 Axle
a. Removal
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
5-12
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
Warning !
from the mounting blocks.
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before
servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid can cause severe burns.
3. Place adequate support under the frame so
that it will remain in place when the axle
assembly is removed.
4. Remove the wheels from the axle as described
in paragraph 5.1.3.
5. Use floor jacks or install a suitable hoist at the
ends of the axle. Take up the slack.
6. Disconnect hydraulic hoses as required from
steering cylinders, service brakes and park
lock.
7. Remove the drive shaft from the axle input
shaft end yoke, Fig. 5.7.
8. Remove the capscrew and locknut securing the
axle pivot pin to the frame. Remove the pivot
pin and shims.
NOTE: To remove the pivot pin from the front axle:
• thread a 1/2" bolt into front end of pin and pull
or pry on bolt or drain fuel from fuel tank.
or
• remove tank and drive pin out from the back
side.
Fig. 5.7 Axle Connections
10. Using the hoist, remove the axle from the
frame and place it on a support at three points
of the housing. A suitable holding stand is
desirable, but not necessary. Refer to Spicer®
Dana Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/
PR-7036 for internal servicing instructions.
b. Installation
1. Using a suitable hoist, remove the axle from its
support or stand and position it under the frame
so that pivot pin holes are aligned with hole in
axle.
2. Install the axle pivot pin and shims. There
must be no more than a 0.10" (2,5 mm) gap
between the frame and axle. Secure the pin in
place with a capscrew and locknut. Tighten
locknut until snug against collar, then an
additional 1/4 turn.
3. Secure the frame tilt cylinder rod end to the
frame mounting blocks, Fig. 5.7, with a pin and
two retaining rings. The pin must pass easily
through both mounting blocks. If not, shim the
blocks as required. Lubricate the pin using the
grease fitting on the cylinder rod.
4. Install the drive shaft on the axle input shaft
end yoke. Be sure retaining rings are securely
seated.
1.
Drive Flange (items 2 thru 16)
Wheel End (items 17 thru 43)
FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
SHIMS
FRAME
AXLE PIVOT PIN
FRAME
FRAME TILT
CYLINDER ROD
END PIN
DRIVE
SHAFT
MOUNTING
BLOCK
END YOKE
AXLE
AXLE
MA0261
9. At the front axle, remove two retaining rings from the frame tilt cylinder rod end pin, Fig. 5.7. Tap the pin
5-13
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
27
26
28
41
40
39
42
37
36
38
24
34
35
32
23
30
43
31
29
21
20
19
22
10
17
13
18
11
12
11
25
10
8
7
14
16
15
9
5
4
PA0332
6
2
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Screw, self-locking
Planetary Gear Assembly
Flange, planetary drive
Plug, drain/fill
Plug
Pin, roll
Shaft, planet gear
Washer, drive flange
Washer, keyed
Bearing, single roller
Ring, spacer
Gear, planet
Plate, lining stop
Ring, retaining
Gear, sun spur
17.
18
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
Plate, lining stop
Disc Assembly
Piston
O-ring, piston OD
O-ring, piston ID
O-ring, oil passage
O-ring, retainer
Spindle Assembly
Screw
Seat, bleeder
Bleeder
Fitting, brake
Retainer
Shim
Gear, planetary ring
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
Cone, bearing (outer)
Hub Assembly
Hub, planetary
Cup, bearing (outer)
Cup, bearing (inner)
Bolt, wheel
Nut, wheel
Cone, bearing (inner)
Seal, oil
Deflector, seal
Seal, oil
Tubing, brake
Fig. 5.8 Wheel End and Drive
Flange—Front Axle and Service Brakes
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5-14
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
5. Connect hydraulic hoses as required to steering cylinders, service brakes and park lock.
Bleed the lines to the service brakes and park
lock.
6. Remove the hoist from the ends of the axle.
7. Install the wheels on the axle as described in
paragraph 5.1.15.
8. Remove the support from under the frame.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
c. Cleaning and Drying
1. Clean the groove under drive flange washer (9,
Fig. 5.8). It is an access to the air vent.
2. Clean all parts with an approved petroleum
based cleaner.
3. Use clean lint free towels to dry components
after cleaning. DO NOT dry bearings by
spinning with compressed air. This can damage
mating surfaces due to lack of lubrication.
4. After drying, components should be lightly
coated with oil or rust preventive to protect
them from corrosion.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Replace drive flange washer (9, Fig. 5.8) if
worn.
9. Start the engine. Turn the steering wheel
several times to purge any air in the steering
cylinder hydraulic lines.
2. Replace planet gears (13) if worn, scored, or
chipped.
5.2.2 Wheel End With Service Brakes
3. Replace single roller bearings (11) if worn,
pitted, or damaged.
If removing the entire axle assembly from the
forklift refer to paragraph 5.2.1. A suitable holding
stand is desirable, but not necessary. If the axle is
to remain on the forklift, use support stands under
machine and axle.
4. Replace keyed washers (10) if worn, pitted, or
scored.
Steam clean the axle assembly prior to disassembly. Seal all openings before steam cleaning.
1. Refer to page 31 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for
assembly and installation instructions.
Refer to wheel and tire removal instructions in
paragraph 5.1.3 and 5.1.2.
Except when servicing the planetary gear assembly, raise axle until pressure is relieved from wheel
end and lower axle onto support stands.
Warning !
Wear safety glasses at all times when assembling and disassembling the axle. The smallest
eye injury may cause loss of vision.
Planetary Gear Assembly
a. Removal
®
Refer to page 13 of Spicer Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for removal
instructions.
b. Disassembly
Refer to page 14 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for disassembly instructions.
5-15
5. Replace planet gear shaft (8) if worn or scored.
e. Assembly and Installation
2. Install the planetary gear assembly as described in paragraph 5.2.2.
3. After the drive flange is installed, rotate the hub
so drain/fill plug (5, Fig. 5.8) is up and fill hub
with JLG Special Wet Disc Brake Fluid
(8522042).
Wheel End Service Brakes
a. Disassembly
Refer to pages 15 and 16 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for
disassembly instructions.
b. Cleaning and Drying
1. Clean all parts with an approved petroleum
based cleaner.
2. Use clean lint free towels to dry components
after cleaning. DO NOT dry bearings by
spinning with compressed air. This can
damage mating surfaces due to lack of lubrication.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
30
31
29
28
26
24
25
27
23
19
10
13
11
12
22
11
10
20
18
8
7
4
17
5
16
15
14
6
9
2
PA0322
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Wheel End Assembly
Screw, self-locking
Planetary Gear Assembly
Flange, planetary drive
Plug, drain/fill
Plug
Pin, roll
Shaft, planet gear
Washer, drive flange
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Washer, keyed
Bearing, single roller
Washer, planet gear
Gear, planet
Ring, retaining
Gear, sun spur
Spacer, flat
Gear, planetary ring
18
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Locknut
Pin, roll
Cone, bearing (outer)
Hub Assembly
Cup, bearing (outer)
Hub , planetary
Bolt, wheel
Cup, bearing (inner)
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
Slinger, hub oil
Nut, wheel
Cone, bearing (inner)
Seal, oil
Spindle Assembly
Seal, oil
Fig. 5.9 Rear Axle Drive
Flange and Wheel End Without Service Brakes
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5-16
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
3
After drying, components should be lightly
coated with oil or rust preventive to protect
them from corrosion.
2. Support the hub assembly with a lifting device.
c. Inspection and Replacement
3. Refer to page 15 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for
disassembly instructions.
1
b. Cleaning and Drying
Replace all discs and plates as a set if any of
the following conditions exist:
• friction material groove depth on any disc
is less than 0.005" (0.127 mm),
• plates are warped as determined by a
straight edge, or
• any plate or disc is heat damaged.
2. Replace all O-rings regardless of condition.
3. Replace all bearings, cups, and cones if they
are worn, pitted, or damaged.
4. Replace all gears that are worn, pitted, scored,
or chipped.
d. Assembly
Refer to page 28 through 30 of Spicer® Dana
Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036
for assembly instructions.
5.2.3 Wheel End Without Service
Brakes
If removing the entire axle assembly from the
forklift refer to paragraph 5.2.1. A suitable holding
stand is desirable, but not necessary. If the axle is
to remain on the forklift, use support stands under
machine and axle.
Steam clean the axle assembly prior to disassembly. Seal all openings before steam cleaning.
Refer to wheel and tire removal instructions in
paragraph 5.2.1.
Except when servicing the planetary gear assembly, raise axle until pressure is relieved from wheel
end and rest axle on support stands.
Warning !
Wear safety glasses at all times when assembling and disassembling the axle The smallest
eye injury may cause loss of vision.
a. Disassembly
1. Remove the planetary gear assembly. Refer to
page 13 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance Manual
for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for removal
instructions.
5-17
1. Clean all parts with an approved petroleum
based cleaner.
2. Use clean lint free towels to dry components
after cleaning. DO NOT dry bearings by
spinning with compressed air. This can
damage mating surfaces due to lack of lubrication.
3. After drying, components should be lightly
coated with oil or rust preventive to protect
them from corrosion.
c. Inspection and Replacement
1. Replace all bearings, cups, and cones if they
are worn, pitted, or damaged.
2. Replace all gears that are worn, pitted, scored,
or chipped.
d. Assembly
1. Secure the spindle assembly to the steering
knuckle with locknuts and washers.
2. Refer to page 31 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for
assembly instructions.
5.2.4 Axle Steering Joints
If removing the entire axle assembly from the
forklift refer to paragraph 5.2.1. A suitable holding
stand is desirable, but not necessary. If the axle is
to remain on the forklift, use support stands under
machine and axle.
Steam clean the axle assembly prior to disassembly. Seal all openings before steam cleaning.
Refer to wheel and tire removal instructions in
paragraph 5.2.1.
Except when servicing the planetary gear assembly, raise axle until pressure is relieved from wheel
end and rest axle on support stands.
Warning !
Wear safety glasses at all times when assembling and disassembling the axle The smallest
eye injury may cause loss of vision.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
22
23
24
25
11
10
9
26
7
8
25
24
1
5
4
5
17
18
23
6
3
16
22
19
2
20
21
13
12
15
14
21
20
19
18
17
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Shaft and Joint Assembly
Shaft, outer
Cross Assembly
Bearing Race Assembly
Ring, retaining
Yoke, center
Shaft, inner yoke, left
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
16
PA0312
Shaft, inner yoke, right
Deflector, seal
Seal, oil
Bushing, spindle
Knuckle Assembly
Stud, dowel
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Locknut
Washer, flat
Fitting, grease
Capscrew
Washer, flat
Cap, king pin
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
Shim, formed
Shim, formed
Seal, oil
Cone, roller bearing
Cup, roller bearing
Retainer, grease
Housing, axle
Fig. 5.10 Axle Steering Joints
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5-18
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
a. Disassembly
1. Refer to page 13 through 16 of Spicer® Dana
Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/PR7036 for removing and disassembling the drive
flange and wheel end hub.
2. On an axle with service brakes:
(a) Remove lining stop plates (14 and 17, Fig.
5.8) and disc assemblies (18).
5. Tap the spindle with a soft-faced hammer to
loosen the knuckle assembly (12, Fig. 5.10).
Remove the spindle assembly.
6. Replace oil seal or bronze bushing (42, Fig.
5.8) or (31, Fig. 5.9) in the spindle bore.
7. Holding shaft and joint assembly (1, Fig. 5.10)
level, pull the assembly straight out to avoid
damaging inner shaft oil seal (10).
(b) Remove retainer screws (25) and planetary ring gear (31), piston (19), and
retainer (29) as a unit.
8. Remove oil seal (10) and spindle bushing (11)
from the housing yoke bore.
(c) Remove hub assembly (33).
10. Press out bearing race assemblies (4) and
remove two crosses (3) and center yoke (6).
3. On an axle without service brakes:
(a) Support the hub assembly with a lifting
device.
(b) Insert a small screwdriver under retaining
ring (14, Fig. 5.9) on the axle shaft and
remove it by rotating around the shaft.
9. Remove retaining rings (5).
11. Refer to pages 20 through 22 of Spicer® Dana
Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/PR7036 for disassembling the axle steering
knuckle.
b. Cleaning and Drying
(c) Remove the sun spur gear (15) and
spacer (16) from the axle shaft.
1. Clean all parts with an approved petroleum
based cleaner.
(d) Remove planetary ring gear (17). Use a
suitable puller if necessary.
2. Use clean lint free towels to dry components
after cleaning. DO NOT dry bearings by
spinning with compressed air. This can
damage mating surfaces due to lack of lubrication.
IMPORTANT: Do not use a pilot puller on the axle
shaft because it may damage the inboard axle
seal.
(e) Remove roll pin (19, Fig 5.9) from locknut
(18) or ring gear (17).
3. After drying, components should be lightly
coated with oil or rust preventive to protect
them from corrosion.
(f) Remove the locknut using a three-pin
spanner wrench.
c. Inspection and Replacement
(g) Remove bearing cone (20).
1. Replace any bearing race assembly (4, Fig.
5.10) if it is worn, pitted, or damaged.
(h) Using a suitable lifting device, remove hub
assembly (21) from spindle assembly (30)
2. Replace cross assemblies (3) that are worn or
damaged.
4. Remove the spindle assembly mounting nuts
and flat washers.
RETAINER TO BE FULLY SEATED
IN BEARING CAP GROOVE
3. Replace axle shafts (2, 7, or 8) if there is
evidence of torsional fractures or other indications of impending failure.
CENTER “H” YOKE
OUTBOARD
YOKE SHAFT
TAP 8 RETAINER RINGS HERE AND
OPPOSITE SIDE OF SEAT TO SET
THE RINGS
INBOARD
YOKE SHAFT
RETAINER RING
BEARING CAP
RETAINER RING BENT OVER STEP
MA0271
Fig. 5.11 Retaining Ring Inspection
5-19
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
4. Replace roller bearing cups (24) or cones (23)
if any are worn, pitted, or damaged.
5. Replace oil seals (10 and 22) regardless of
condition.
d. Retaining Ring Inspection
1. Place the forklift in “Crab Steer” mode and turn
the steering wheel full left to access shaft
assemblies on the right side of the vehicle
2. Using a flashlight, visually inspect the right
front shaft assembly retaining rings through the
opening between the axle housing and steering knuckle.
3. Turn the wheel end clockwise or counterclockwise to expose both sides of all eight retaining
rings
4. Inspect for the following (Fig. 5.11):
• full seating of the retaining rings into the
cap grooves,
• no back and forth movement of the ring,
• and overlap on the machined steps on the
inboard side of the yoke ear
5. To set the rings, tap suspected rings with a
hammer and punch where shown on Fig. 5.11.
6. Inspect the right rear shaft assembly as
instructed in steps 2 thru 5.
7. Turn the forklift steering wheel full right to
access the shaft assemblies on the left side of
the vehicle.
8. Inspect the left side shaft assemblies as
instructed in steps 2 thru 5.
e. Assembly
1. Refer to page 23 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for
steering knuckle assembly instructions.
2. Refer to page 25 through 31 of Spicer® Dana
Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/PR7036 for axle shaft and spindle assembly and
installation instructions.
3. Connect the tie rod and steering cylinder to the
knuckle assembly. Torque the socket assembly nuts to 140 lb-ft (190 N m) minimum.
Check to make sure the position of the offset in
the tie rod clears the carrier assembly in full
turn position (both directions). If full turn
clearance is not found, switch the tie rod
assembly around end for end and then
retorque the slotted nuts.
4. Install cotter pins and bend each pin over to
lock it in place.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
NOTE: If the cotter pin cannot be installed after
minimum torque is attained, the nut must be
advanced until the cotter pin can be installed.
IMPORTANT: If the tie rod adjustment (toe-in) has
been changed it will be necessary to readjust it.
Position the steering knuckles in a straight ahead
(0° turn angle) position. Position measuring bars
on the spindle mounting face of the steering
knuckles. Measure across them on the carrier
side and cover side of the axle housing and
compare readings. If necessary, remove tie rod,
adjust the overall socket to socket length (in or
out), reinstall the tie rod assembly and remeasure.
Repeat this procedure until equal measurements
are attained for zero toe-in. A zero to 1/2° toe-in is
acceptable. Retorque slotted nuts to 140 lb-ft (190
N m) minimum. Torque the tie rod clamp assembly
bolts and nuts to 60 to 70 lb-ft (81 to 95 N m).
5. If repairs were made to or the retracted length
of the steering cylinder was inadvertently
changed the retracted length of the assembly
will require resetting as follows:
(a) Remove slotted nuts from and remove rod
end socket assemblies from steer knuckles. Push in or use air pressure to retract
the rod into the barrel assembly of both
cylinders.
(b) Turn steering knuckle to full inside turn
position on either right or left hand side.
(c) Adjust the socket assembly position in or
out on the rod end and also barrel end, if
required, such that its retracted length
matches the length required for assembly
to its steer knuckle. Reconnect the
cylinder assembly as described in step 3.
Torque the cylinder socket clamp bolts and
nuts to 60 to 70 lb-ft (81 to 95 N m).
IMPORTANT: Protect the rod from damage while
adjusting socket position.
(d) Turn the other steer knuckle to its full
inside turn position. Adjust its steer
cylinder retracted as noted in step c.
6. Connect the hydraulic hoses to the steering
cylinders and “bleed” the system.
7. On an axle without service brakes:
(a) Using lifting device, install hub assembly
(21, Fig. 5.9) on spindle assembly (30).
(b) Install bearing cone (20).
(c) Install locknut (18); tighten to 200 to 250 ft.
lbs. (272 to 340 N m). Back the nut off 1/8
5-20
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
turn and align any hole in the nut with a
major spline on the spindle. Mark the end
of the aligned spline on the edge of the
spindle. Make sure the hub rotates freely.
(d) Install roll pin (19) on the back face of
planetary ring gear (17) and mark its
location on the front face of the gear.
(e) Install planetary ring gear, making sure roll
pin is locked into locknut hole. Align mark
on the edge of the spindle with the mark
on the front face of the planetary ring gear.
(f) Install spacer (16), sun spur gear (15), and
retaining ring (14) on the axle shaft.
8. On an axle with service brakes:
(a) Using a suitable lifting device, install the
hub assembly onto the spindle.
b. Cleaning and Drying
1. Clean all parts with approved petroleum based
cleaner.
2. Use clean lint free towels to dry components
after cleaning.
3. After drying, components should be lightly
coated with oil or rust preventive to protect
them from corrosion.
c. Inspection and Replacement
1. Be sure rod is straight and undamaged. If rod
is bent or damaged, install new rod.
2. Check condition of tube, attaching hardware
and hydraulic hoses. Repair or replace as
required.
d. Installation
(b) Install the planetary ring gear/piston/
retainer unit on the spindle assembly,
being sure oil passage hole in ring gear is
to the bottom of the axle at 6 o’clock.
Refer to page 24 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for installation instructions.
(c) Gradually increase torque on retainer
screws (25, Fig. 5.8) using a crossing
pattern until 45 lb-ft (61 N m) is achieved
on each screw.
The park lock unit consists of the park lock and a
yoke shaft.
(d) Install lining stop plates (14 and 17, Fig.
5.8 and Fig. 5.12) and discs (18).
9. Install the planetary gear assembly as described in paragraph 5.2.2.
5.2.5 Steering Cylinder and Tie Rod
a. Removal
Refer to page 20 through 22 of Spicer® Dana
Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036
for removal instructions.
COVER PLATE
HEX BOLTS
5.2.6 Park Lock Unit
a. Removal
Refer to page 54 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for removal
instructions.
b. Disassembly
Refer to page 55 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for disassembly instructions.
SOCKET HEAD
CAPSCREWS
WASHER
PINION NUT
DUST SLINGER
RETAINER RING
BRAKE MODULE WITH PRESSURE AND SPRING PLATES
YOKE SHAFT
MA0281
Fig. 5.12 Park Lock Removal
5-21
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
2
17
10
9
9
9
11
7
15
3
6
8
4
8
8
24
12
1
19
20
22
21
13
23
16
18
5
14
PA0281
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Screw, socket head cap (4)
Plate, cover
Spline, outer
Spring, red (12)
Plate, pressure
Plate, spring
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Screw, socket head cap (4)
Disc, rotor (7)
Plate, lining (7)
Plate, thrust
Bolt, socket head shoulder (4)
Screw, bleeder
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Ring, retainer
Bearing
Ring, retainer
Seal, oil
Seal, oil
Seal, case (2)
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
Piston
Ring, backup
Ring, backup
O-ring
O-ring
Pin, dowel (4)
Fig. 5.13 Exploded View of Park Lock
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5-22
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
PIN
LINING PLATE
THRUST PLATE
CAPSCREW
SHOULDER BOLT
MA0291
Fig. 5.14 Plate and Disc Alignment
c. Cleaning and Drying
e. Assembly
1. Clean all parts with approved petroleum based
cleaner.
Refer to page 55 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for assembly
instructions.
2. Use clean lint free towels to dry components
after cleaning. DO NOT dry bearings by
spinning with compressed air. This can
damage mating surfaces due to lack of
lubrication.
f.
Installation
1. Install dust slinger (37, Fig. 5.16) on end yoke
assembly (38).
3. After drying, components should be lightly
coated with oil or rust preventive to protect
them from corrosion.
2. Refer to page 54 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance
Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036 for
installation instructions.
d. Inspection and Replacement
g. Bleeding
1. If yoke shaft (Fig. 5.12) shows wear in the
area of oil seal (14 and 17, Fig. 5.13) contact,
replace it.
1. Be sure all pressure lines are secure and don’t
leak.
2. Replace all oil seals (16 and 17), O-rings (22
and 23), and back up rings (20 and 21)
regardless of condition.
3. Replace bearing (14) if it is worn, pitted, or
damaged.
4. Replace outer spline (3) if it is worn, pitted,
scored, or chipped.
5. Replace all weak, broken, or damaged springs
(4).
6. If any one of lining plates (9) or rotor discs (8)
show wear or scoring, replace the complete
stack.
NOTE: If a new stack wasn’t installed, keep the
stack of plates and discs in exactly the same order
in which they were removed.
5-23
2. Bleed the pressure release section of the park
lock by pressurizing the side inlet port and
allowing air to escape from the top port.
3. Pressure should not exceed 100 psi (690 kPa)
during bleeding.
4. Apply sufficient pressure to release the park
lock and allow for the checking of system
operation.
5.2.7 Carrier Assembly
Refer to paragraph 5.2.1 for axle assembly
removal and installation instructions. Refer to
pages 38 through 53 of Spicer® Dana Models PS/
PR-7036 Maintenance Manual for removal and
installation of carrier from axle housing; removal
and installation of differential from carrier, and
differential and pinion disassembly and assembly.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
7
8
10
9
46
8
10
41
7
9
11
5
43
42
12
43
2
3
4
4
3
44
2
13
17
18
16
14
45
15
22
19
23
24
28
29
25
26
30
31
35
27
22
34
32
39
33
40
21
PA1360
37
38
36
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Differential Carrier Assembly (includes
items 2 thru 40)
Ring, adjusting (2)
Cup, roller bearing (2)
Cone, roller bearing (2)
Screw, differential (12)
Differential Case Assembly (includes
items 7 thru 13)
Washer, thrust (2)
Gear, differential side (2)
Washer, pinion thrust (4)
Gear, pinion (4)
Shaft, differential
Case, differential
Pin, pinion bearing cage
Gear and Pinion Assembly
Cone, roller bearing
Cup, roller bearing
Shim, bevel pinion bearing, 0.003" (AR)
Shim, bevel pinion bearing, 0.005" (AR)
Shim, bevel pinion bearing, 0.010" (AR)
Carrier Assembly (includes items 21 thru 24)
Carrier
Cap, differential carrier (2)
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
Screw, differential bearing cap (4)
Washer, differential bearing cap (4)
Bolt, hex (2)
Washer, flat (2)
Clip, adjusting ring (2)
Screw, hex hd cap (14)
Washer, flat (14)
Spacer, flat
Shim, adjusting (AR)
Cup, roller bearing
Cone, roller bearing
Washer, bearing thrust
Seal, oil
End yoke assembly (includes items 37 and 38)
Deflector
End Yoke
Washer, pinion nut
Nut, pinion
Housing, axle
Fitting, grease (2)
Bushing, axle pivot (2)
Pin, dowel (2)
Plug, pipe (2)
Vent
Fig. 5.15 Front Axle Differential Carrier Assembly
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5-24
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
8
10
7
9
41
8
10
11
45
42
40
7
9
5
12
42
2
3
4
4
3
2
13
14
17
16
43
15
18
23
22
19
44
21
24
29
25
28
26
31
22
27
33
34
30
32
36
39
35
PA1530
37
38
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Differential Carrier Assembly (includes
items 2 thru 39)
Ring, adjusting (2)
Cup, roller bearing (2)
Cone, roller bearing (2)
Screw, differential (12)
Differential Case Assembly (includes
items 7 thru 13)
Washer, thrust (2)
Gear, differential side (2)
Washer, pinion thrust (4)
Gear, pinion (4)
Spider, differential
Case, differential
Pin, pinion bearing cage
Gear and Pinion Assembly
Cone, roller bearing
Cup, roller bearing
Shim, bevel pinion bearing, 0.003" (AR)
Shim, bevel pinion bearing, 0.005" (AR)
Shim, bevel pinion bearing, 0.010" (AR)
Carrier Assembly (includes items 21 thru 24)
Carrier
Cap, differential carrier (2)
23.
24.
25.
26.
27
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
Screw, differential bearing cap (4)
Washer, differential bearing cap (4)
Bolt, hex (2)
Washer, flat (2)
Clip, adjusting ring (2)
Screw, hex hd cap (14)
Washer, flat (14)
Spacer, flat
Shim, adjusting (AR)
Cup, roller bearing
Cone, roller bearing
Washer, bearing thrust
Bolt, hex (8)
Slinger, dust
End yoke assembly
Washer, pinion nut
Nut, pinion
Housing, axle
Fitting, grease (2)
Bushing, axle pivot (2)
Pin, dowel (2)
Plug, pipe (2)
Vent
Fig. 5.16 Rear Axle Differential Carrier Assembly
5-25
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
PIVOT PIN
KNUCKLE
STEER CYLINDER
BALL JOINT
TIE ROD
BALL JOINT
KNUCKLE
OA0192
Fig. 5.17 Axle Grease Points
5.3
Warning !
• Do not attempt carrier and differential removal
and installation and differential and pinion
disassembly and assembly without thoroughly understanding instructions in Spicer®
Dana publications and correspondence which
applies to your forklift.
• If it becomes necessary to disassemble any
parts inside the carrier, it is suggested that
the entire axle be removed from the forklift
and held tight in a stand or rack with carrier
pinion positioned up.
• When removing axle assembly, make sure
forklift is properly supported; an improperly
supported vehicle can cause serious injury or
death.
• If axle assembly is still in the forklift, be sure
carrier, differential and pinion assemblies are
securely supported before they are separated
from the axle housing.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
AXLE LUBRICATION
5.3.1 Grease
Lubricate the following axle points (Fig. 5.17) after
overhaul or at 50 hour intervals using multi-purpose
lithium-based grease:
• pivot pins (4 points)
Lubricate the following axle points (Fig. 5.17) after
overhaul or at 250 hour intervals using multipurpose lithium-based grease:
• steering knuckles (8 points)
• tie rod ball joints (4 points)
• steer cylinder ball joints (8 points )
5.3.2 Differential Housing Oil
Level Check (250 hour intervals)
1. Clean the area around the axle and remove the
fill and level plug (Fig. 5.18) from the axle
housing.
2. Check the oil level.
3. Add gear oil meeting military specification MILL2105C API classification GL-5 to the level of
the plug hole. The oil should be a 90W or
multi-grade 80W-90 with EP properties.
5-26
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
Level Check (250 hour intervals)
AXLE FILL AND LEVEL PLUG
1. Level the forklift, ground the carriage, shut off
the engine, and engage the park lock. Be sure
that the arrow on the wheel end housing is
pointing down (Fig. 5.19).
2. Clean the area around the magnetic drain plug
and remove the plug.
AXLE DRAIN PLUG
OA0422
Fig. 5.18 Axle Fill and Drain Plugs
Change (1000 hour intervals)
1. Place a receptacle under the axle housing drain
plug (Fig. 5.18).
2. Clean area around the axle fill and level plug
and drain plug and remove both plugs.
3. Allow the oil to drain completely.
4. Install the drain plug.
5. Fill the axle with gear oil meeting military
specification MIL-L2105C API classification
GL-5 to the level of the level plug hole. The oil
should be a 90W or multi-grade 80W-90 with
EP properties. Axle capacity is 18 quarts (17
liters).
3. Check the oil level and, if necessary, use only
Special JLG Wet Disc Brake Oil P/N 8522042
as required to bring the level up to the plug
hole.
IMPORTANT: Other brake oils must not be used.
If they are, loss of braking force and squealing will
occur.
4. Clean and install the magnetic drain plug.
Oil Change (1000 hour intervals)
1. Level the forklift, ground the carriage, shut off
the engine, and engage the park lock. Be sure
that the drain plug on the wheel end housing is
pointing down (Fig. 5.15).
2. Remove the vent plug
3. Clean the area around the magnetic drain plug
and remove the plug.
4. Allow the oil to drain.
5. Move the forklift so that the arrow on the wheel
end housing is pointing up.
6. Install the fill and level plug.
5.3.3 Wheel End Brake Oil
Magnetic Plug Check (First 50 hours)
1. Level the forklift, ground the carriage, shut off
the engine, and engage the park lock. Be sure
that the arrow on the wheel end housing is
pointing down (Fig. 5.19).
2. Clean the area around the magnetic drain plug
and remove the plug.
3. Remove any metallic debris that may have
collected on the end of the plug.
6. Fill the wheel end using only Special JLG Wet
Disc Brake Oil P/N 8522042 as required to
bring the level up to the drain plug hole.
Capacity for the front wheel end is 54.0 ounces
(1,6 liter) and for the rear wheel is 56.0 ounces
(1,7 liter).
7. Clean and install the drain and vent plug.
5.4
SPECIFICATIONS
Oil Capacity of Differential Housing
18 qts (17 liters)
4. Reinstall the plug.
Gear oil MIL-L2105C
API classification GL-5
FILL
ARROW DOWN
TO FILL/CHECK OIL LEVEL
VENT PLUG
ARROW DOWN
TO FILL/CHECK OIL LEVEL
WHEEL END
DRAIN PLUG
FILL
OA0432
90W or multi-grade 80W-90 with EP properties:
Amoco MP Gear Lube 80W90
Benz Multi-Purpose 80W90
Mobil Mobilube HD 80W90
Shell Spirax 80W90
Texaco Multi Gear Lube 80W90
Fig. 5.19 Wheel End Drain and Vent Plugs
5-27
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 5. Wheel Assembly, Tires, and Axle
Oil Capacity of Wheel End
Front-54 oz. (1,6 liter)
Special TRAK Wet Disc Brake Oil (P/N 8522042)
Rear-56 oz. (1,7 liter)
Special TRAK Wet Disc Brake Oil (P/N 8522042)
Park Lock Unit
Type:
Multiple Disc Park Lock, spring apply hydraulic
release (dry disc design)
Maximum Speed:
1700 rpm
Release Pressure:
364 psi (2 512,0 kPa) min.
3000 psi (20 700,0 kPa) max.
Torque Rating:
17,000 in. lbs (19 210,0 N m) static (breakaway)
Volume displacement to release park lock:
1.2 cu. in. (19,6 cm)
Approximate Weight:
44 lbs (20 kg)
For use with mineral base hydraulic oil only.
NOTE: Refer to pages 59 and 60 of Spicer® Dana
Maintenance Manual for Axle Models PS/PR-7036
for additional specifications.
5.5
TROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting instructions are provided on pages
56 through 59 of Spicer® Dana Maintenance Manual
for Axle Models PS/PR-7036.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5-28
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 6. Drive Shafts and Drop Box
SECTION 6
DRIVE SHAFTS AND DROP BOX
CONTENTS
Title
6.1
DRIVE SHAFT ASSEMBLIES
6-1
6.1.1
Drive Shaft Servicing
6-1
6.2
DROP GEAR BOX
6-3
NOTE: Wrap tape around bearings and cross so
bearings do not drop off cross.
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
End Yokes
Oil Seals
Internal Inspection and Servicing
6-3
6-4
6-4
4. Remove the axle drive shaft assembly from the
forklift.
6.3
SPECIFICATIONS
6-4
b. Disassembly
6.1
Page
3. Remove the U-bolt assemblies securing the
drive shaft cross assembly to the axle input
shaft yoke.
Par
DRIVE SHAFTS
6.1.1 Drive Shaft Servicing
a. Removal
Drive Shaft–Transmission to Drop Gear Box
1. Remove the transmission cover from the
forklift.
2. Remove the U-bolt assembly or bearing straps,
Fig. 6.1, attaching the drive shaft cross
assembly to the drop box input shaft yoke.
Slide slip joint towards transmission so cross
slips out of drop box input shaft yoke.
NOTE: Wrap tape around bearings and cross so
bearings do not drop off cross.
3. Remove the cap and bolt assembly or bearing
straps securing the drive shaft cross assembly
to the transmission output shaft yoke.
NOTE: Wrap tape around bearings and cross so
bearings do not drop off cross.
4. Remove the drive shaft assembly from the
forklift.
Drive Shafts–Drop Gear Box to Axle
1. Provide a suitable support under the shaft.
2. Remove the U-bolt assemblies, Fig. 6.1,
attaching the drive shaft cross assembly to the
drop box output shaft yoke. Slide slip joint
towards transmission so bearing cross slips out
of the drop box output shaft yoke.
NOTE: Wrap tape around bearings and cross so
bearings do not drop off cross.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
1. Using an approved nonflammable cleaning
fluid, clean the drive shaft assembly, Fig. 6.1,
with a brush. Wipe dry before disassembling.
2. Place the drive shaft assembly in a bench
vise.
3. Pinch the ends of two retaining rings, Fig. 6.2,
that secure the bearing cross assembly in the
yoke with a pair of pliers and remove them from
their grooves in the yoke.
NOTE: If the retaining ring does not readily snap
out of the groove in the yoke, tap the end of the
bearing cap lightly to relieve the pressure against
the ring.
4. Using a soft round pin with a flat face about
1/32" (0.8 mm) smaller than the hole diameter
in the yoke, drive on one end of the bearing
assembly unit until the opposite bearing
assembly comes out of yoke.
5. Turn the yoke over and tap the exposed end of
cross until the opposite bearing assembly falls
free.
6. Remove the cross from the yoke.
7. Repeat steps 2 thru 6 to remove cross and
bearings on other end of drive shaft.
8. Mark the shaft and sleeve assembly so that it
can be aligned properly when reassembled.
Yokes at both ends of the drive shaft must be
in the same plane to prevent excessive
vibration.
9. Unscrew the dust cap and slide the sleeve
assembly off the spline of the drive shaft.
10. Remove the dust cap, split retaining ring, and
felt seal from the shaft assembly.
6-1
Section 6. Drive Shafts and Drop Box
SLEEVE
ASSEMBLY
DUST CAP
SHAFT
ASSEMBLY
SPLIT
RETAINING
RING
DRIVE
SHAFT
FELT
SEAL
SLEEVE
ASSEMBLY
DUST
CAP
SPLIT
RETAINING
RING
DROP BOX
INPUT SHAFT
YOKE
CROSS
ASSEMBLY
FELT
SEAL
GREASE
FITTING
BEARING
ASSEMBLY
RETAINING
RING
U-BOLT OR
BEARING
STRAP
TRANSMISSION TO
DROP BOX DRIVE
SHAFT
DROP BOX
INPUT SHAFT
YOKE
MA 0302
TRANSMISSION OUTPUT
SHAFT YOKE
SLIP
JOINT
DROP BOX
TRANSMISSION
OUTPUT SHAFT
YOKES
SLIP JOINT
AXLE DRIVE SHAFTS
AXLE INPUT
SHAFT YOKE
FRONT AXLE
ASSEMBLY
PARK
LOCK
REAR AXLE
ASSEMBLY
MA 0301
Fig. 6.1 Drive Shafts and Drop Box
6-2
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 6. Drive Shafts and Drop Box
c. Cleaning and Drying
1. Disassemble and clean all parts using an
approved cleaning fluid.
2. Remove any burrs or rough spots from any
machined surfaces.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Individually inspect each cross, bearing caps
and needle bearings for signs of wear or
missing parts.
Drive Shaft–Transmission to Drop Gear Box
1. Position the drive shaft assembly on the forklift
so slip joint mounts to the drop box, Fig. 6.1.
2. Remove tape and secure this end of the drive
shaft cross assembly to the transmission
output shaft yoke with a cap and bolt assembly
or bearing straps. Torque the cap and bolt
assembly to 30 to 35 lb-ft (41 to 48 N m) or the
bearing strap to 55 to 60 lb-ft (75 to 82 N m).
NOTE: If all parts of the cross assemblies check
to be in good condition, pack the bearing caps with
a good grade of MP grease. Reassemble equal
numbers of needle bearings into each cap and
reassemble the cross assembly into the drive shaft
yokes.
3. Slide slip joints as far as possible onto drive
shaft, remove taps and secure the drive shaft
cross assembly to the drop box input shaft
yoke with a U-bolt assembly or bearing strap.
Torque the U-bolt assembly to 20 to 24 lb-ft (27
to 37 N m) or the bearing strap to 55 to 60 lb-ft
(75 to 82 N m).
2. Replace the cross assembly as a complete
assembly if any parts are worn or missing.
4. Install the transmission cover on the forklift.
Drive Shafts–Drop Gear Box to Axle
3. Replace the felt seal if worn or damaged.
4. Replace the sleeve or shaft assemblies if they
are severely dented or damaged.
5. Cross assemblies should flex and be free from
excessive bind. A slight drag is desirable on a
new cross assembly. Excessive looseness
causes unbalance.
e. Assembly
1. Install dust cap, Fig. 6.1, split retaining ring,
and felt seal on the shaft assembly.
2. Slide the sleeve assembly onto the splines of
the drive shaft and tighten the dust cap.
IMPORTANT: Be sure that the arrows or marks on
the shaft and sleeve assemblies are aligned, since
the yokes on both ends of the drive shaft must be
in the same plane to prevent excessive vibration.
1. Position the drive shaft on supports under the
fork lift so slip joint mounts to the drop box,
Fig. 6.1.
2. Secure this end of the drive shaft cross
assembly to the axle input shaft yoke with a Ubolt assembly. Torque the U-bolt assembly to
20 to 24 lb-ft (27 to 37 N m).
3. Slide slip joint as far as possible into drive
shaft, remove tape and secure the drive shaft
cross assembly to the drop box output shaft
yoke with a U-bolt assembly. Torque the U-bolt
assembly to 20 to 24 lb-ft (27 to 37 N m).
4. Remove supports from under the forklift.
6.2
DROP GEAR BOX
6.2.1 End Yokes
3. Install the cross and both bearings in the yoke.
4. Install the two retaining rings in their grooves in
the yoke.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the other cross
assembly.
6. Using the grease fitting on the sleeve assembly, lubricate the shaft assembly spline with a
multi-purpose lithium-based grease.
7. Temporarily tape the two loose bearing caps to
the cross so they do not fall off during assembly of drive shaft onto the forklift.
f.
a. Inspection
Replace end yoke (3, Fig. 6.4) if worn or damaged.
b. Removal
To remove end yoke, remove screw (1, Fig. 6.4),
washer (2) and end yoke (3).
c. Installation
To install end yoke, press yoke (3, Fig. 6.4) on
shaft and secure with washer (2) and screw (1).
6.2.2 Oil Seals
Installation
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
6-3
Section 6. Drive Shafts and Drop Box
a. Inspection
Replace oil seal (4, Fig. 6.4) if worn or damaged.
b. Removal
To remove oil seal, remove screw (1), Fig. 6.4,
washer (2), end yoke (3) and oil seal (4).
c. Installation
1. To install oil seal, press oil seal and yoke on
shaft.
2. Press yoke (3, Fig. 6.4) on shaft and secure
with washer (2) and screw (1).
6.2.3 Internal Inspection
NOTE: JLG does not recommend servicing of
gears, shafts or bearings inside this drop box. The
drop box is manufactured in such a way that
attempts at internal disassembly of these items
may cause damage to other parts and possibly the
drop box case. The only serviceable items of this
drop box are the yokes and oil seals. If internal
servicing of drop box is required while still under
warranty, JLG recommends that the box be returned to the factory for rebuild or replaced with a
new box. Out of warranty repairs or rebuilding may
be performed at the customer’s discretion; however, it is not an easy job.
a. Removal
1. Remove the transmission and hydraulic tank
covers from the frame.
2. Remove the U-bolt assembly or bearing straps
attaching the transmission drop gear box drive
shaft cross assembly to the drop box input
shaft yoke.
9. Clean the exterior of the drop gear box and
move it to a clean work area.
b. Installation
1. From above and below the frame, secure the
drop gear box to the frame with four capscrews
and lock washers. Torque capscrews 67.5 to
82.5 lb-ft (91.8 to 112.2 N m).
2. Remove the vent and level plugs.
3. Using vent plug opening, fill housing with
tractor drop box fluid meeting specifications in
paragraph 6.3 until it flows from the fluid level
plug.
4. Install each plug securely.
5. Secure drive shaft cross assembly to drop box
input shaft yoke with a U-bolt assembly or
bearing strap. Torque U-bolt assembly to 20 to
24 lb-ft (27 to 37 N m) or the bearing strap to 55
to 60 lb-ft (75 to 82 N m).
6. Secure the drive shaft cross assemblies to the
drop box output shaft yokes with a U-bolt
assembly. Torque U-bolt assembly to 20 to 24
lb-ft (27 to 37 N m).
7. Install transmission and hydraulic tank covers
on frame.
6.3
SPECIFICATIONS
Transmission and Drop Box–Use a Tractor Fluid
which meets the requirements of any of the following specifications:
John Deere J20 A
Detroit Diesel C-3; C-2
3. Remove the U-bolt assemblies attaching the
axle drive shaft cross assemblies to the drop
box output shaft yokes. Slide slip joint back as
far as possible on drive shaft. Tape bearing
caps to cross to prevent loss of bearings.
Ford Tractor M2C134B
4. Secure drop gear box in a sling, connect sling
to a hoist and remove slack from hoist line.
Texaco THD Oil
5. Drain hydraulic tank. Detach hose that runs
between tank and drop box. Remove bolt and
washer attaching input yoke to drop box.
6. From under the forklift, remove two capscrews
and lock washers securing the box to the
frame.
White Farm UTHF. Q1766, Q1722
Products known to meet these requirements
include:
ARCO Tractor Fluid or equivalent
CAPACITIES:
Drop Box: 2.0 quarts (1.9 liter)
Transmission System (including filter and oil
cooler): 3 gallons (13.7 liter)
Transmission Filter: 1 quart (0.95 liter)
7. From above, remove the remaining two
capscrews and lock washers attaching the drop
box to the frame.
8. Use hoist to lift drop gear box from forklift.
6-4
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 6. Drive Shafts and Drop Box
VENT/FILL
PLUG
OIL SEAL
END YOKE
SCREW &
WASHER
SCREW &
WASHER
END YOKE
OIL SEAL
FRAME
DROP BOX
INSPECTION
COVER
CAPSCREW
LEVEL PLUG
(on late
models)
LOCK WASHER
LEVEL PLUG
(on early
models)
OIL SEAL
END YOKE
SCREW &
WASHER
DRAIN
PLUG
PA0261
Fig. 6.2 Exploded View of Drop Gear Box
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
6-5
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 7. Transmission
SECTION 7
TRANSMISSION, CLARK SERIES 18000
7.1.1 Daily or 10 Hour Intervals
CONTENTS
Par.
Title
Page
7.1
TRANSMISSION PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
7-1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7-1
7.1.3
Daily or 10 Hour Intervals
First 50 Hours and 500 Hour Intervals
Thereafter
1000 Hour Intervals
7-1
7-2
7.2
HOW TO TOW THE FORKLIFT
7-2
7.3
HOW TO DRAIN TRANSMISSION
7-2
7.4
HOW TO BACK FLUSH
OIL COOLER
7-3
7.5
TRANSMISSION REMOVAL
7-3
7.6
TRANSMISSION REPLACEMENT
7-3
7.7
INTERNAL SERVICING
7-3
7.8
INSTALLATION
7-3
7.9
TROUBLESHOOTING
7-4
7.10
SPECIFICATIONS
7-5
7.1
TRANSMISSION
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
Warning !
• To avoid severe burns, DO NOT attempt this
procedure when the engine, cooling, and hydraulic systems are hot. Wait until they have
cooled before proceeding.
• Care must be exercised to avoid skin rashes,
fire hazards and inhalation of vapors when
using solvent and alkali cleaners.
• Be careful when using steam cleaner to
avoid burns.
IMPORTANT: These instructions cover only the
routine maintenance of the transmission. Refer to
your 18000 Powershift Transmission Maintenance
and Service Manual for transmission diagnosis,
repair and component replacement. Cleanliness
is of extreme importance. Before attempting any
repairs, the exterior of the unit must be cleaned to
prevent the possibility of dirt from entering the
mechanism.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Level Check
1. Check the oil level with the engine running
at idle, and oil at normal operating temperature.
2. Level the forklift, engage the parking lock,
ground the carriage, and place the travel select lever in neutral.
COVER MOUNTING
NUTS (5)
ACCESS HOLE IN
TRANSMISSION COVER
OA0392
Fig. 7.1 Transmission Cover Access Hole
3. Remove the transmission dipstick through
the access hole in the transmission cover,
Fig. 7.1, and check the reading.
4. Add tractor hydraulic fluid to the transmission as required to being it up to the full
mark. Transmission capacity is 4.3 gallons
(16,3 liter).
7.1.2 First 50 Hours and 500 Hour
Intervals Thereafter
Filter Change
1. Level the forklift, ground the carriage, shut
off the engine, and engage the parking lock.
2. Remove the transmission cover from the top
of the frame.
3. Place a receptacle under the transmission
filter, Fig. 7.2, to catch fluid when the filter is
removed.
4. Remove the old filter element and discard
the element.
5. Apply a thin film of tractor hydraulic fluid to
the new element gasket.
7-1
Section 7. Transmission
3. Remove sump plug and screen with gasket
from housing, Fig. 7.3. Allow the transmission
to drain completely.
TRANSMISSION FILTER
4. Clean the plug and screen thoroughly with an
approved solvent.
5. Install a new filter element as described in
paragraph 7.1.2. DO NOT START ENGINE.
6. Install the cleaned drain plug and screen and
gasket into the transmission sump housing.
7. Add tractor hydraulic fluid as required to bring
fluid level up to full mark. Transmission capacity is 4.3 gallons (16,3 liter).
TRANSMISSION
DIPSTICK
7.2
OA0402
Fig. 7.2 Transmission Filter and Dipstick
6. Turn the element on the transmission fitting.
Tighten the element to 20 to 25 lb-ft (27 to 34
N m).
7. Remove the receptacle.
8. Check the transmission level as instructed in
the previous paragraph and add tractor hydraulic fluid as required.
HOW TO TOW
THE FORKLIFT
Before you tow the forklift for long distances be
sure to disconnect and remove both front and rear
drive lines to avoid damage to the transmission.
Because of the design of the hydraulic system, the
engine cannot be started by pushing or towing.
For short distance towing consult your Owners/
Operators Manual.
7.3
9. Install the transmission cover on the frame.
HOW TO DRAIN
TRANSMISSION
The procedure for draining the transmission is described in paragraph 7.1.3.
7.1.3 1000 Hour Intervals
Fluid Change
1. Level the forklift, ground the carriage, shut off
the engine, and engage the parking lock.
6
2. Place a funnel with a flexible drain and a receptacle under the transmission sump housing.
ENGINE
FLYWHEEL
MOUNTING
FLANGE
5
3
TRANSMISSION
1
2
4
MA0321
1.
2.
3.
PLUG AND
SCREEN
Lock Nut
Transmission Oil Cooler
Capscrew, hex hd
4.
5.
6.
Flat Washer
Oil Cooler Support
Rear Support
Fig. 7.4 Transmission Oil Cooler
GASKET
OA0412
Fig. 7.3 Transmission Sump Plug and Screen
7-2
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 7. Transmission
7.4
HOW TO BACK FLUSH
OIL COOLER
The transmission oil cooler, Fig. 7.4, is mounted
behind the radiator. Periodically disconnect and
back flush the oil cooler with oil and compressed
air until all foreign material has been removed. If
necessary, remove oil cooler from forklift and
clean it using oil, compressed air and steam.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT use flushing compounds
for cleaning purposes.
7.5
TRANSMISSION REMOVAL
Please refer to paragraph 8.6 for engine and
transmission removal instructions (they are removed as a single unit).
7.6
TRANSMISSION
REPLACEMENT
If the transmission is to be replaced as a complete
assembly, detach and transfer the following:
• Tandem Pump
• Transmission Temperature Switch
• Transmission Connector Kit (from valve)
• Two Side Mount Brackets
(Neutral Start Switch comes with new
transmission)
7.7
INTERNAL SERVICING
If servicing the transmission internally, the tandem
pump may require removal for disassembly.
Refer to the enclosed "Clark 18000 Powershift
Transmission Maintenance and Service Manual"
when servicing the transmission internally.
7.8
INSTALLATION
Please refer to paragraph 8.8 for engine and
transmission installation instructions (they are installed as a single unit).
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
7-3
Section 7. Transmission
7.9
TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Low Clutch Pressure
Low Converter
Charging Pump
Output
Overheating
Noisy Converter
Probable Cause
Low oil level
Fill to proper level
Clutch pressure regulating valve stuck open
Faulty charge pump
Clean valve spool and housing
Broken or worn clutch
shaft or piston sealing
rings
Clutch piston bleed valve
stuck open
Replace sealing rings
Low oil level
Fill to proper level
Suction screen plugged
Clean suction screen
Defective oil pump
Replace pump
Worn oil sealing rings
Worn oil pump
Remove, disassemble, and rebuild converter assembly
Replace pump
Low oil level
Fill to proper level
Worn oil pump
Replace pump
Disassemble converter to determine what bearing is faulty
Worn or damaged bearings
Lack of Power
7-4
Remedy
Converter stalls because
of low engine rpm
Worn oil sealing rings
Replace pump
Clean bleed valve thoroughly
Tune engine and check governor
Worn oil pump
Remove, disassemble, and rebuild converter assembly
Replace pump
Low oil level
Fill to proper level
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 7. Transmission
7.10 SPECIFICATIONS
System Capacity (inc. filter and oil cooler)
4.3 gallons (16,3 liter)
Filter Capacity
1 quart (0,95 liter)
Tractor Fluid
John Deere J20 A
Detroit Diesel C-3, C-2
Ford Tractor M2C134B
White Farm UTHF Q1766, Q1722
Converter:
Outlet oil temperature
Outlet pressure
180 to 200 °F (82 to 93 °C) Transmission in Neutral.
25 psi (1,72 bar) minimum pressure at 2000 rpm
engine speed
70 psi (4,82 bar) outlet pressure with engine operating at
no-load governed speed.
Controls
Forward and Reverse is Manual
Speed Selection is Manual
Clutch Type
Multiple discs, hydraulically actuated, spring released,
automatic wear compensated, and nonadjustable. Oil
cooled and lubricated.
Inner Disc–Friction
Outer Disc–Steel
Oil Filtration
Full flow oil filter safety bypass. Strainer screen in sump
at bottom of transmission case.
Clutch Pressure
180 to 220 psi (12,40 to 15,16 bar) with:
• park lock set (Never use service brakes)
• oil temperature at 80 to 200 oF (82 - 93 oC )
• engine at idle (400 to 600 rpm)
Shift thru direction and speed clutches. All clutch pressure must be equal within 5 psi (0,34 bar). If clutch pressure varies in any one clutch by more than 5 psi (0,34
bar), repair the clutch.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
7-5
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 8. Engine
SECTION 8
ENGINE, PERKINS SERIES 4.236 AND T4.236
CONTENTS
Page
8-2
Throughout this section, the left or right side of the
engine is the side of the engine when viewed from
the flywheel end.
Par.
8.1
Title
ENGINE PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.1.3
8.1.4
8.1.5
8.1.6
8.1.7
8.1.8
8.1.9
8.1.10
Daily Before Operation
First 50 Hours, 250 Hours Thereafter
Daily or 10 Hour Intervals
250 Hour Intervals
500 Hour Intervals
1,000 Hour Intervals
2,500 Hour Intervals
Annually
Post Delivery Check
Lubricating Oils
8-2
8-2
8-2
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-8
8.2
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
8-9
8.2.1
8.2.2
8.2.3
Coolant Requirements
Piston Cooling Jets
Integral Cooler in Oil Filter
8-9
8-9
8-10
• Keep away from parts which rotate; fans can
be invisible when rotating
8.3
ENGINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
8-10
• Be sure engine operation will not cause a
concentration of toxic emissions
8.4
ENGINE FUEL SYSTEM
8-10
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.4.4
8.4.5
8.4.6
8.4.7
8.4.8
8.4.9
Type of Diesel Fuel to Use
Fuel Tank
Fuel Level Sender and Gauge
Fuel Pre-Filter
Fuel Lift Pump
Fuel Filter
Fuel Injection Pump
How to Bleed the Fuel System
Atomizers (Fuel Injectors)
8-10
8-10
8-12
8-12
8-13
8-14
8-16
8-16
8-16
8.5
ENGINE EXHAUST SYSTEM
8-17
8.6
ENGINE REMOVAL
8-19
8.7
ENGINE OVERHAUL
8-21
8.8
ENGINE INSTALLATION
8-21
8.9
HEAD TORQUE CHECK
8-24
8.10
STEM TIP TO ROCKER ARM
CLEARANCE CHECK
8-24
8.11
ENGINE STORAGE
8-25
8.12
TROUBLESHOOTING
8-26
Observe these and many other precautions:
• Do not smoke during refueling
• Do not refuel with engine operating
• Do not permit loose clothing, long hair etc.
near parts which move
• Never clean, lubricate or adjust engine during operation without correct training
• Persons in area must be kept clear during
engine and forklift operation
• Guards must be installed when running
• Do not remove radiator cap while engine is
hot; coolant is hot, under pressure and dangerous and can cause severe burns
• Relieve pressure in fuel and hydraulic systems before servicing; get medical assistance immediately if your skin comes in contact with high pressure fuel or hydraulic fluid
• Diesel fuel can cause skin damage to some
persons; use gloves or special skin protection solutions
• Do not use salt water or other corrosive liquid in cooling system
• Keep sparks and fire away from batteries
Disclaimer and Scope of these Instructions
These instructions are written for world wide use.
In territories where legal requirements govern
engine smoke emission, noise, safety factors etc.,
then all instructions, data and dimensions given
must be applied in such a way that, after servicing
(preventive maintenance) or repairing the engine,
it does not contravene the local regulations when
in use.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Warning !
• Battery fluid can burn and is dangerous to
the skin and especially the eyes
• Some of the gaskets used on the engine
contain asbestos. Breathing asbestos dust
is dangerous to health and may cause serious bodily harm. Avoid creating dust and
follow local directives for handling and disposing of materials which contain asbestos.
• Disconnect negative battery terminals before
repairing electrical system
• Only one person must be in control of engine; forklift brakes must work
• Make only adjustments you understand.
8-1
Section 8. Engine
IMPORTANT: These instructions cover only the
routine maintenance of the engine. Refer to your
Perkins Engine Distributor for engine diagnosis,
repair and component replacement.
A gradual running in of a new engine is not
necessary. Full load can be applied to a new
engine as soon as the engine is put into service
and the coolant temperature is at least 140 °F
(60 °C). Extended light load operation during the
early life of the engine is not recommended. Do
not run engine at high no load speeds. Do not
apply an overload to the engine.
Standard Maintenance Practices
It is assumed that gaskets will be replaced and
gasket faces will be cleaned, where applicable.
It is understood that in reassembly and inspection,
all parts are to be thoroughly cleaned, and where
present, burrs and scale are to be removed.
It follows that any open ports of high precision
components such as fuel system equipment,
exposed by removal or disassembly, will be
covered until reassembled to prevent the entry of
foreign material.
Use a suitable sealant such as Loctite® when
installing screws into " through" holes into the
interior of the engine.
8.1
ENGINE PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
8.1.1 Daily Before Operation
1. Open fuel fill access door with a key, Fig. 8.1.
2. Remove fill cap on fuel tank and fill with No. 2
Diesel Fuel as required. Tank capacity is 24
gallons (90 liter).
3. Install fill cap and lock access door.
8.1.2 First 50 Hours and 250 Hours
Thereafter
NOTE: Refer to paragraph 8.1.9 for 25 or 50 hour
Post Delivery Check.
Fan Belt Tension
1. Lower carriage to ground, shut off engine, and
engage park lock.
2. Unlock and open left rear engine access door.
3. Inspect the fan belt. Replace a cracked or
frayed belt.
FAN PULLEY
ALTERNATOR
PULLEY
NOTE: Screw threads which have been sealant
coated can be identified by their red or blue etc.
color.
Unified Threads
All threads used on the engine are Unified Series
and American Pipe Series.
Unified threads are not interchangeable with BSF
and although BSW have the same number of
threads per inch as Unified Coarse Series, interchanging is not recommended, due to a difference
in thread form.
FUEL FILL ACCESS
DOOR
1/4 TO 3/8 "
(6 TO 9 mm)
BELT DEFLECTION
CRANKSHAFT PULLEY
OA0362
Fig. 8.2 Fan Belt Deflection
4. Check fan belt tension midway between the
crankshaft and alternator pulleys, Fig. 8.2.
Deflection should be 1/4 to 3/8" (6 to 9 mm)
with an applied force of 13 to 15 lbs. (6 to 7
kg).
5. If belt deflection exceeds the tolerance, loosen
both alternator mounting screws. Carefully pry
the alternator to tighten the belt and, at the
same time, tighten the alternator screws.
Recheck belt deflection.
6. Close and lock the left rear engine access
door.
8.1.3 Daily or 10 Hour Intervals
OA1130
Fig. 8.1 Fuel Fill Access Door
8-2
Air Cleaner
1. Lower carriage to ground, shut off engine, and
engage park lock.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
4. Remove the air cleaner cover wing nut, cover,
and primary element, Fig. 8.5.
RESTRICTION
INDICATOR
INDICATOR
WINDOW
Warning !
T
H EX
ER T
E
Wear safety glasses when using compressed
air to clean element.
OA0202
Fig. 8.3 Air Cleaner Restriction Indicator
2. Unlock and open left rear engine access door.
Check air cleaner restriction indicator, Fig. 8.3.
If red band has appeared, the primary element
must be cleaned or replaced (steps 4 thru 8).
NOTE: Momentarily press reset button on top of
indicator after you service element.
AIR CLEANER
5. Clean the primary element with compressed
air or by washing.
• If using compressed air: direct no more
than 100 psi (6,9 bar) into the element.
Move the nozzle up and down while
rotating the element.
• If washing: soak the element for 15
minutes in a non-foaming detergent and
water solution. Rinse until the water is
clear. Air dry. DO NOT use compressed
air to dry the element.
6. Carefully inspect the primary element for tears
and holes.
7. Thoroughly clean inside the primary element
cannister.
VACUATOR
VALVE
8. Replace the primary element after six cleanings or annually.
AUTOMATIC DUST
EJECTOR
WING NUT
OA0212
Fig. 8.4 Vacuator Valve
SAFETY
ELEMENT
3. Unlock and open the right rear engine access
door. Remove dust and dirt from the vacuator
valve, Fig. 8.4. Lips of automatic dust ejector
must close but not adhere together.
OA0232
CANNISTER
Fig. 8.6 Air Cleaner Safety Element
PRIMARY
ELEMENT
9. After you replace three primary elements,
install a new safety element, Fig. 8.6. DO
NOT clean the safety element.
WING
NUT
IMPORTANT: Make sure the primary element
cannister is thoroughly cleaned before removing
the safety element. Dirt could enter the intake
manifold and cause internal engine damage.
COVER WITH
WING NUT
OA0222
Fig. 8.5 Air Cleaner Primary Element
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10. Install the air cleaner cover and wing nut. Be
sure the wing nut is tight.
11. Check all hose connections at this time.
12. Close and lock access doors.
8-3
Section 8. Engine
Engine Coolant
1. Level the forklift, lower carriage to ground,
shut off engine and engage park lock.
2. Unlock and open the right rear engine access
door.
2. Level forklift, lower the carriage to ground,
shut off engine, and engage park lock.
3. Place a receptacle under the engine oil pan
drain plug.
4. Remove drain plug on rear face of the engine
oil pan and allow oil to drain completely into
receptacle.
5. Unlock and open the right rear access door.
6. Remove the oil filter, Fig. 8.7. A strap or chain
filter wrench may be required.
7. Clean the filter sealing surface.
8. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the seal on a
new filter.
9. Install new oil filter and tighten 1/2 turn after
initial contact.
10. Clean and install the oil pan drain plug.
COOLANT OIL FILL
OVERFLOW
CAP
BOTTLE
OIL
FILTER
DIPSTICK
OA0242
Fig. 8.7 Coolant and Engine Oil
11. Remove oil fill cap, Fig. 8.7, and add 10W30
motor oil equal to API, SE CC, or SE CD
specifications (refer to paragraph 8.1.10). DO
NOT overfill. Crankcase capacity with filter is
9.4 quarts (8,9 liter).
3. Check the level of coolant in the overflow
bottle, Fig. 8.7. When the coolant is hot, the
bottle should be 3/4 full to full. When the
coolant is cool, the bottle should be 1/4 to 1/2
full.
12. Start the engine and run for several minutes.
4. Add coolant as required through the overflow
bottle. Use a 50/50 mixture of ethylene glycol
and water.
15. Check for leaks at the filter and drain plug.
Retighten either if necessary.
5. Close and lock the right rear engine access
door.
17. Close and lock engine access door.
13. Stop the engine and allow oil to drain back for
a few minutes.
14. Check dipstick and add oil as required.
16. Add oil to bring level to full mark on dipstick.
Engine Oil Level
1. Level the forklift, lower the carriage to ground,
shut off engine, and engage park lock.
2. Unlock and open the right rear engine access
door.
3. Remove the engine oil dipstick, Fig. 8.7, and
check the level. Oil should be between the full
and add mark. Replace dipstick.
4. If required, add 10W30 motor oil equal to API,
SE CC, or SE CD Specifications.
5. Close and lock the right rear engine access
door.
8.1.4 250 Hour Intervals
Engine Oil and Filter Change
1. Operate the engine until it is warm (approximately 5 minutes).
8-4
TOP BLEED SCREW
FILTER HEAD
FUEL PRE-FILTER
DRAIN COCK
OA0292
Fig. 8.8 Fuel Pre-Filter
Fuel Pre-Filter
1. Unlock and open right rear access door.
2. Open top bleed screw of fuel pre-filter, Fig.
8.8.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
3. Loosen drain cock on bottom of fuel pre-filter
and allow water to completely drain from it.
4. Tighten the drain cock and top bleed screw
after draining.
5. Close and lock the right rear engine access
door.
5. Position a new filter element between the base
and head and install and tighten screw on top
of filter assembly until snug.
6. Remove air from the fuel system. (See
paragraph 8.4.8, How to Bleed to Fuel System).
7. Close and lock the right rear engine access
door.
Fan Belt Tension
1. Lower carriage to ground, shut off engine, and
engage park lock.
2. Unlock and open the left rear engine access
door.
3. Inspect the fan belt. Replace a cracked or
frayed belt.
4. Check fan belt tension midway between the
crankshaft and alternator pulleys, Fig. 8.2.
Deflection should be 1/4 to 3/8" (6 to 9 mm)
with an applied force of 13 to 15 lbs. (6 to 7
kg).
Fuel Lift Pump Sediment Chamber
1. Unlock and open the left rear engine access
door.
COVER
STRAINER
FUEL LIFT PUMP
5. If belt deflection exceeds the tolerance, loosen
both alternator mounting screws. Carefully pry
the alternator to tighten the belt and, at the
same time, tighten the alternator screws.
Recheck belt deflection.
2. Remove fuel lift pump cover and strainer, Fig.
8.10.
6. Close and lock the left rear engine access
door.
3. Wash any sediment from the lift pump and
clean the cover and strainer.
HEX
SCREW
FUEL
FILTER
BASE
DRAIN
COCK
Fig. 8.9 Fuel Filter
8.1.5 500 Hour Intervals
Fuel Filter
1. Unlock and open the right rear engine access
door.
2. Remove screw in top of the filter assembly,
Fig. 8.9.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5. Remove air from the fuel system. (See
paragraph 8.4.8, How to Bleed to Fuel System).
6. Close and lock the left rear engine access
door.
NOTE: Marginal fuel cleanliness conditions will
require fuel system service more frequently. Loss
of engine power is often caused by dirty fuel filters.
Bleeding Fuel System
OA0302
4. Clean base and head.
Fig. 8.10 Fuel Lift Pump
4. Install the cover making sure that it seats on
the pump with NO leakage.
FILTER
ELEMENT
3. Remove filter base and discard element.
OA0312
Air must be vented from the fuel system whenever
any part of the system between the fuel tank and
injection pump has been disconnected for any
reason, or when the system has been emptied of
fuel.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT start the engine until the
injection pump has been filled and primed as the
pump can be seriously damaged due to lack of
lubrication.
Remove air from the fuel system as follows:
NOTE: More than one person may be required to
perform this procedure.
8-5
Section 8. Engine
INJECTOR HIGH PRESSURE
LINE FITTINGS
GOVERNOR
VENT SCREW
INJECTION
PUMP VENT
SCREW
OA0342
Fig. 8.13 Injector High Pressure Line Fittings
OA0322
Fig. 8.11 Vent Screws in Injection Pump
1. Unlock and open the right rear engine access
door. Loosen the governor vent screw in the
fuel injection pump governor control cover,
Fig. 8.11.
2. Loosen the injection pump vent screw on the
side of the fuel injection pump.
5. Loosen any two high pressure fittings, Fig.
8.13, that come from the fuel injection pump.
Loosen these fittings at the base of the
injectors. Also loosen the fitting of the Thermo
Start fuel line in the intake manifold, Fig. 8.14.
THERMO START
FUEL LINE
FITTING
INTAKE
MANIFOLD
OA0352
Fig. 8.14 Thermo Start Fuel Line Fitting
FUEL LIFT PUMP
PRIMING LEVER
OA0332
Fig. 8.12 Priming Lever
3. Unlock and open the left rear engine access
door. Operate the priming lever on the fuel lift
pump, Fig. 8.12, until fuel, free of air, comes
from both vents.
NOTE: If the fuel lift pump cam is on maximum lift,
it will not be possible to operate the priming lever.
The engine should be turned over momentarily to
reposition the lift pump cam.
4. Continue to pump fuel and close the vents in
the following order:
• Injection pump vent screw
• Governor vent screw
8-6
6. Turn the ignition key to the START position
and operate the starter until fuel, free from air,
comes from the injector and Thermo Start fuel
line fittings. Turn ignition switch OFF. Tighten
all fittings.
7. Close and lock both access doors. The
engine is now ready to start.
If the engine runs correctly for a short time and
then stops or runs roughly, check for air in the fuel
system. If there is air in the fuel system, there is
probably a leak in the low pressure system.
8.1.6 1,000 Hour Intervals
1. Replace fuel filter element.
2. Clean sediment chamber of fuel lift pump.
3. Clean or replace element of dry type air
cleaner, if not indicated earlier.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
8.1.7 2,500 Hour Intervals
1. Inspect and service proprietary equipment
such as starter motor, alternator, turbocharger
(if applicable) etc.
2. Service atomizers (fuel injectors), para. 8.4.9.
CYLINDER
BLOCK DRAIN
PLUG
3. Check and adjust valve tip clearances, para.
8.10.
8.1.8 Annually
Engine Coolant Change
OA0262
Fig. 8.16 Cylinder Block Drain Plug
Warning !
6. Remove cylinder block drain plug, Fig. 8.16,
and drain engine block. Replace drain plug.
• To avoid severe burns, DO NOT attempt this
procedure when engine is hot. Wait for
engine, muffler, and tail pipe to cool before
proceeding.
• To prevent personal injury, never remove the
radiator cap while the cooling system is hot.
The system is under pressure and coolant
can cause severe burns and eye injury.
Wear safety glasses. Always turn the cap
slowly to the first stop and allow the pressure
to escape before removing cap completely.
7. Connect line to overflow bottle and close the
petcock on the radiator.
8. Refer to paragraph 8.2.1 and fill radiator with
5.4 gallons (20,4 liter) of coolant.
9. Replace the radiator cap. Add coolant to
overflow bottle until bottle is 1/4 to 1/2 full—
approximately 1 qt (0,9 liter).
Air Filter Primary Element Change
Replace air filter primary element, Fig. 8.5, after
six cleanings or annually.
1. With forklift on level ground, unlock and open
the left rear engine access door.
8.1.9 Post Delivery Check
2. Remove radiator cap.
After 25 to 50 hours of operation or 500 to 1,000
miles (800 to 1600 km):
1. Run the engine until warm. Stop engine and
drain lubricating oil from sump. Fill sump to
the "full" mark on the dipstick with clean new
lubricating oil of the approved grade.
PETCOCK
2. Replace the canister of the lubricating oil filter.
3. Tighten the cylinder head nuts and capscrews
as specified in paragraph 8.9.
MUFFLER
OA0252
Fig. 8.15 Radiator Petcock
3. Attach a hose to petcock at bottom left corner
of radiator, Fig. 8.15, to allow draining directly
into a container. Open petcock and drain the
coolant from the radiator.
NOTE: If engine is turbocharged, drain oil cooler
in lubricating oil filter by removing inlet or outlet
connections, flush cooler and reconnect hose.
4. Adjust valve tip clearances as described in
paragraph 8.10.
5. Check that the intake and exhaust manifold
nuts are tight.
6. Check tension of alternator/water pump drive
belt as described in paragraph 8.1.2.
7. Check the atomizers as described in paragraph 8.4.9.
8. Check that all fasteners are tight.
4. Detach the line from the bottom of the coolant
overflow bottle and allow the bottle to drain.
9. Run the engine and check for fuel, coolant and
lubricating oil leakage.
5. Flush the system with clean water.
10. If necessary, have the idle speed adjusted as
recommended in paragraph 8.4.7.f.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
8-7
Section 8. Engine
8.1.10 Lubricating Oils
Lubricating oils for naturally aspirated engines
should meet the requirements of U.S. Ordnance
Specification MIL-L-46152 or MIL-L-2104C.
Lubricating oils for turbocharged engines should
meet U.S. Ordinance Specification MIL-L-2104C.
Do not use a lubricating oil to the MIL-L-2104C
specification in naturally aspirated engines for the
first 500 to 1,000 miles (25 to 50) hours of operation.
Lubricating oils for use in Perkins Diesel Engines
should have a minimum viscosity index of 80.
Some of these oils are listed below. Any other oils
which meet these specifications are also suitable.
S.A.E. Designation
MIL-L-46152 Oils
Brand
Company
0 °F (-18 °C)
to
30 °F (-1 °C)
30 °F (-1 °C)
to
80 °F (27 °C)
10W
10W/30
20
10W/30
20W/50
20W/40
30
10W/30
20W/50
20W/40
10W
20W
15W/40
30
10W/30
Over
80 °F (27 °C)
Castrol Ltd.
Castrol/Deusol CRX
Castrol/Deusol CRX
Castrol/Deusol CRX
Deusol RX Super
Esso Petroleum Co. Ltd.
Essolube XD-3
Essolube XD-3
Mobil Oil Co. Ltd.
Delvac 1200 Series
Delvac Special
1210
10W/30
1220
10W/30
1230
10W/30
Shell
Rimula X
Rimula X
Rimula X
Rimula X
Rotella TX
Rotella TX
10W
10W/30
20W/20
10W/30
15W/40
20W/40
20W/20
20W/40
30
10W/30
15W/40
20W/40
30
20W/40
10W
S.A.E. Designation
MIL-L-2104C Oils
Company
Castrol Ltd.
Esso Petroleum Co. Ltd.
Mobil Oil Co. Ltd.
Shell
8-8
Brand
Castrol/Deusol CRD
Deusol RX Super
Agricastrol HDD
Agricastrol MP
Agricastrol MP
Essolube D-3HP
Essolube XD-3
Essolube XD-3
Delvac 1300 Series
Rimula CT
Rimula X
Rimula X
Rimula X
Rimula X
Rotella TX
Rotella TX
0 °F (-18 °C)
to
30 °F (-1 °C)
30 °F (-1 °C)
to
80 °F (27 °C)
10W
20
20W/40
20
20W/30
20W/40
20W
20W
15W/40
1320
30
20W/40
30
20W/30
20W/40
30
30
15W/40
1330
20W/20
20W/20
10W/30
15W/40
20W/40
20W/20
20W/40
30
30
10W/30
15W/40
20W/40
30
20W/40
10W
10W
10W
1310
10W
10W
10W/30
10W
Over
80 °F (27 °C)
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
An approved antifreeze as described in
paragraph 2 protects against corrosion and
also raises the boiling point of the coolant. A
50 percent concentration of antifreeze is
preferred, but if there is a less likely chance
that this much frost protection is required, a
mixture of not less than 33 percent concentration can be used. If antifreeze is not used,
add an approved corrosion inhibitor mixture to
the water. Change the water/corrosion
inhibitor every six months or check according
to the inhibitor manufacturer's recommendations.
8.2 ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
The engine cooling system consists of coolant
passages in the engine, a thermostat, pump,
hoses, a radiator and a radiator overflow tank.
The engine is cooled by the circulation of coolant
through passages in the cylinder block and head.
Circulation is by thermo-syphon action assisted by
an impeller type water pump driven by a V-belt
from the crankshaft pulley.
The water pump bearings are pre-packed with a
special grease during assembly and do not require
attention in service.
8.2.1 Coolant Requirements
The quality of coolant will determine the efficiency
and life of the cooling system.
• DO NOT USE HARD WATER in the cooling
system. Hard water, or water with high
levels of calcium and magnesium ions,
encourages the formation of silica gel
formations, especially after a number of
heating and cooling cycles. These gel
formations can result in loss of cooling or
heating in radiators and cab heater cores by
coating and plugging the tubes. It usually
deposits in the cooler section of the cooling
system, such as the radiator bottom tank.
NOTE: Some corrosion inhibitor mixtures contain
soluble oil which can have an adverse effect on
some types of water hose.
8.2.2 Piston Cooling Jets
Current turbocharged engines have piston cooling
jets which direct cooled lubricating oil into the main
pressure rail at the base of each cylinder liner onto
the underside of each piston crown where it
circulates, dispersing heat from the combustion
area. The oil then drains back to the sump. The
lubricating oil feed to the jet nozzle is controlled by
a pressure relief valve fitted into the main body of
the piston cooling jet assembly and comes into
operation at a pressure of approximately 30 psi
(206,7 kPa).
• USE DISTILLED WATER OR DEIONIZED
WATER to reduce the potential and the
severity of silicate dropouts.
4
6
5
1. Where frost protection will never be required,
use clean soft water with an approved corrosion inhibitor in soft water.
3
1
2. If an antifreeze mixture is used to prevent frost
damage it must have an ethylene glycol
(ethanediol) base. An antifreeze that conforms to one of the standards given below or
to an equal standard is acceptable if the pH
value is from 7.0 to 8.5 when diluted.
• U.S.A.—ASTM D3306-74: Ethylene Glycol
Base Engine Coolant
• U.K.—BS 3151: 1959: Ethanediol Antifreeze Type B with Sodium Benzoate and
Sodium Nitrite Inhibitors
• Australia—AS 2108-1977: Antifreeze
Compounds and Corrosion Inhibitors for
Engine Cooling Systems
Check the quality of the antifreeze coolant at
least once a year, for example, at the start of
the cold period.
3. There is an advantage to using antifreeze
even when frost protection is not necessary.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
2
7
9
12
11
8
10
MA0331
1.
2.
3.
4.
Filter Head
Connection
Gasket
Stud (2)
5.
6.
7.
8.
Nut (2)
Washer (2)
Connector
Oil Cooler
9.
10.
11.
12.
Seal
Oil Filter
Hose Clamp
Hose
Fig. 8.17 Oil Filter with Integral Oil Cooler
8-9
Section 8. Engine
8.2.3 Integral Oil Cooler in Oil Filter
The oil filter for a turbocharged engine, Fig. 8.17,
has an integral oil cooler. Whenever you change
engine coolant, drain the oil cooler by removing
inlet or outlet connections, flush the cooler and
reconnect hose.
8.3
ENGINE ELECTRICAL
SYSTEM
The engine electrical system is described in
Section 10, Electrical System. These instructions
describe warning devices, wiring harnesses, circuit
breakers, the starting and charging circuits,
switches and solenoids, gauges and indicator
lights, and electrical troubleshooting.
8.4
ENGINE FUEL SYSTEM
The engine fuel system includes a fuel tank (1,
Fig. 8.18), a fuel level sender (2) and gauge, a fuel
pre-filter (3), a fuel pump, Fig. 8.10, a fuel filter
(22, Fig. 8.18), and fuel lines to and from the fuel
injection pump, and fuel lines from the fuel injection pump to and from the fuel injectiors back to
the fuel filter and fuel tank. A separate line runs
from the fuel filter to the Thermo Start plug, Fig.
8.14, in the intake manifold.
The threaded fuel fill opening in the top of the fuel
tank has a filler cap with a tether (3, Fig. 8.18). A
fuel level sender (2) and gauge are described in
Section 10, Electrical System.
A fuel supply hose carries fuel from the bottom of
the tank to the fuel pre-filter (21). The fuel then
flows through a fuel filter tube, a hose and a fuel
pump tube to the fuel lift pump, Fig. 8.10, which is
located on the left side of the engine.
A tube carries fuel under pressure from the fuel lift
pump to the fuel filter (22, Fig. 8.18). Fuel which
has been filtered by the fuel filter is directed
through tubes to the fuel injection pump and to the
Thermo Start plug, Fig. 8.14 in the intake manifold.
A tube from the fuel injection pump returns surplus
fuel to the fuel filter (22, Fig. 8.18) for recirculation
back to the fuel injection pump.
A tube from the fuel injectors returns surplus fuel
from the injectors to the fuel filter (22) and into a
line and hose which returns it to the fuel tank.
diesel fuel. The initial savings is a false economy
when you consider the damage poor fuel can do to
your forklift engine.
NOTE: Use only diesel fuel designed for diesel
engines. Some heating fuels contain harmful
chemicals which can seriously affect engine
efficiency and performance.
When operating in temperatures above 20 °F
(–6,7 °C), use diesel fuel No. 2D with a minimum
cetane rating of 45. When operating in temperatures below 20 °F (–6,7 °C) use diesel fuel oil No.
1D with a minimum cetane rating of 50.
NOTE: When using diesel fuel with a sulfur
content below 1.3 percent, the oil filter change
interval must be reduced by 75 hours. The use of
fuel with a sulfur content above 1.3 percent is not
recommended.
8.4.2 Fuel Tank
The fuel tank (1, Fig. 8.18) is located directly
behind the front axle.
a. Removal
1. Have a dry chemical (Class B) fire extinguisher near the work area.
2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
3. Using a hand operated pump, when available,
pump as much fuel as possible through the fill
cap or fuel level sensor openings in the fuel
tank. Pump the fuel oil into a marked and
approved receptacle for fuel oil.
Caution !
Never drain or store fuel in an open container
due to the possibility of fire; discard the fuel in
an approved manner.
4. Prepare to drain remaining fuel by centering a
receptacle which can hold the remaining fuel
beneath the elbow (20, Fig 8.18) at the bottom
of the tank. Loosen hose clamp (5) at the
bottom of the tank, twist fuel supply hose (7)
off elbow (20), and drain fuel into receptacle.
Discard the fuel in an approved manner.
5. Loosen hose clamp (5) and twist the fuel
return hose (6) off elbow (4).
8.4.1 Type of Diesel Fuel to Use
6. Disconnect wires 17 and 21 from fuel level
sender.
Fuel represents a major portion of your forklift
operating costs; therefore, it is important to use it
efficiently. Don't let cost tempt you to use inferior
7. Lift and tilt the rear of the tank to remove it
from the forklift.
8-10
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
2
3
6
5
4
1
9
19
7
9
8
5
10
TO
LIFT
PUMP
5
17
TO
THERMO
START
19
FROM
LIFT
PUMP
20
5
11
5
TO FUEL
INJECTION
PUMP
FROM FUEL
INJECTION
PUMP
22
23
18
5
11
15
13
12
14
16
21
PA0424b
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fuel Tank
Fuel Level Sender
Filler Cap with Tether
Elbow, 90°, with standpipe
Hose Clamp
Fuel Return Hose
Fuel Supply Hose
Fuel Supply Hose
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Tie Wrap
Hose Support
Fuel Filter Tube
Capscrew, hex head
Lock Washer
Capscrew, hex head
Lock Nut
Mounting Bar
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
Fuel Pump Tube
Fuel Filter Tube
Rubber Bushing
Elbow, 90°, with standpipe
Fuel Pre-Filter Assembly
Fuel Filter Assembly
Fuel Filter Element Kit for Item 22
Fig. 8.18 Engine Fuel System
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
8-11
Section 8. Engine
3. For a short term repair you may be able to
repair a small leak by installing a sheet metal
screw with a neoprene gasket in the opening.
Replace tank for long term repair.
b. Disassembly
1. Remove five capscrews, fuel level sender (2,
Fig. 8.18) and gasket from fuel tank.
2. Remove fuel supply and return elbows (4 and
20) and rubber bushings (19) from fuel tank.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Warning !
This procedure will not remove all fuel vapor.
Do not attempt any repair on tank where heat
or flame is required, as an explosion resulting
in personal injury could occur.
If contaminated fuel or foreign material is in the
tank, the tank can usually be cleaned. Replace
tank if tank is damaged or if there are leaks in
unreparable areas.
Clean the tank as follows:
e. Assembly
1. Install rubber bushings (19, Fig. 8.18) and fuel
supply and return elbows (4 and 20) in tank.
2. Position fuel level sender gasket and fuel level
sender (2) in tank.
3. Loosely install the screw which secures the
ground wire to the sender and fuel tank.
4. Install the other four screws and alternately
torque the five screws which secure the
sender to the fuel tank from 10 to 14 lb-inch
(1,13 to 1,58 N m). Use No. 10-24 screws.
5. Install the wire and nut on the center terminal
of the sender.
8.4.3 Fuel Level Sender and Gauge
The fuel level sender and gauge assembly is
described in Section 10, Electrical System.
2
1. Have a dry chemical (Class B) fire extinguisher near the work area.
3
2. Disconnect the negative (–) battery cable.
5
3. Remove and disassemble fuel tank as described in paragraphs a and b. Invert, rock
and drain tank.
4
4
5
4. Clean tank with high pressure washer or flush
with hot water for five minutes. Invert, rock
and drain tank completely.
5. If necessary, add a diesel fuel emulsifying
agent to the tank, refill with water, and agitate
mixture for 10 minutes. Drain tank completely.
Refer to manufacturer's instructions for correct
emulsifying agent to water mixture.
6. When empty, refill to overflowing with water.
Completely flush and empty tank.
1
2
3
MA0341
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Fuel Pre-Filter
Plug
Washer
Nut
Ferrule
Drain Cock
Fig. 8.19 Fuel Pre-Filter
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Plug all outlets before removing a fuel tank for
a suspected fuel leak; make sure that one of
the fuel hoses isn't leaking onto the tank.
2. To test a fuel tank which is out of the forklift,
plug all openings except a supply or return
elbow. Apply a small amount of air pressure
to tank through this elbow (approximately 1 to
1-1/2 psi (0,07 to 0,10 bar). Test tank for
leaks by applying soap solution to exterior of
tank or by submerging tank in water and
looking for bubbles.
8-12
8.4.4 Fuel Pre-Filter
Drain water from fuel pre-filter, Fig. 8.8 and 8.19,
every 250 hours of operation.
1. Unlock and open the right rear engine access
door.
2. Loosen drain cock (6, Fig. 8.19) on underside
of fuel pre-filter and drain all water from bowl.
3. Tighten drain cock after draining.
4. Close and lock access door.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
a. Removal
1. Remove fuel pre-filter inlet and outlet tubes
(11, Fig. 8.18).
5. Remove air from the fuel system. (See paragraph 8.4.8, How to Bleed to Fuel System).
2. Support filter with one hand and remove lock
nuts (15) and capscrews (14) and remove fuel
pre-filter from mounting bar.
6. Close and lock access door.
a. How to Test the Fuel Lift Pump in Position
1. Disconnect the outlet line from the lift pump to
the fuel filter.
3. Remove locknut (15), capscrew (12), lock
washer (13) and mounting bar (16).
b. Disassembly
Loosen the hex head screw in the top of the filter
and separate the filter base from the filter head.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Clean the pre-filter using an approved solvent and
dry with a clean, lint-free cloth.
d. Assembly
Assemble filter base to filter head using hex head
screw.
e. Installation
1. Install mounting bar (16, Fig. 8.8) using capscrew (12), lock washer (13) and lock nut (15).
2. Hold filter in position and install capscrews
(14) and lock nuts (15) to secure filter to
mounting bar.
2. Rotate the engine. There should be a spurt of
fuel from the outlet port once every two
revolutions.
b. How to Test Pressure with Pump in Place
1. Fit a 0 to 10 psi (0 to 0,7 bar) pressure gauge
to the outlet of the pump. Ensure that there
are no leaks at the connections between pump
and gauge.
2. Crank the engine for 10 seconds and note the
maximum pressure on gauge. If the pressure
recorded is less than 75 percent of minimum
production static pressure which is 4.5 psi
(0,31 kgf/cm2 or 31 kN/m2), then repair or
replace the pump.
NOTE: Minimum production static pressure is 6
psi (0,42 kgf/cm2 or 41 kN/m2).
Also observe the rate at which the pressure
drops to half the maximum figure obtained
when cranking has ceased. If less than 30
seconds, repair or replace the pump.
NOTE: These figures apply to a 4-bolt-type fuel lift
pump. If your engine has a 2-bolt-type fuel lift
pump, contact your Perkins Engine Distributor for
pump pressure specifications.
FUEL LIFT PUMP
a. Fuel Lift Pump Removal
1. Disconnect lines from fuel pre-filter and to the
fuel filter.
PRIMING LEVER
OA0332
Fig. 8.20 Fuel Lift Pump
2. Remove four capscrews and lock washers that
secure the fuel lift pump to the engine.
8.4.5 Fuel Lift Pump
b. Disassembly and Assembly
Clean fuel lift pump sediment chamber, Fig. 8.10
and 8.20, every 500 hours of operation.
Refer to your Perkins Engine Distributor for
disassembly and servicing of the fuel lift pump.
1. Unlock and open the left rear engine access
door.
c. Cleaning and Drying
2. Remove fuel lift pump cover screw, cover
washer, cover, and strainer.
3. Wash any sediment from lift pump and clean
cover and strainer.
4. Install strainer and cover making sure that
cover seats on pump with NO leakage.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Clean the pump as described in paragraph 8.1.5,
Fuel Lift Pump Sediment Chamber. Clean the
exterior of the pump with an approved solvent and
dry with a clean lint-free cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
Refer to your Perkins Engine Distributor if fuel lift
pump requires component replacement or repair.
8-13
Section 8. Engine
e. Fuel Lift Pump Installation
8.4.6 Fuel Filter
Position the fuel lift pump on the engine and install
the four capscrews and lock washers that secure
the fuel lift pump to the engine.
Change element (5, Fig. 8.21) every 500 hours of
operation.
2
8
1. Unlock and open the right rear engine access
door.
2. Loosen hex screw in top of filter, Fig. 8.9, and
lower filter bowl cover.
3
7
4
3. Remove and discard element and gaskets.
5
4. Before you put new filter element into lower
cover, clean top and bottom filter covers and
install new gaskets.
6
5. Position new filter element between base and
head and install hex screw to secure parts.
4
6. Remove air from the fuel system. (See
paragraph 8.4.8, How to Bleed to Fuel System).
1
MA0351
a. Fuel Filter Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
Fuel Filter
Filter Element Kit
Seal
Gasket (2)
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fig. 8.21 Fuel Filter
Filter Element
Screw (2)
Washer (2)
Washer (2)
1. Disconnect lines from fuel pump, to fuel
injection pump, from fuel injection pump, to
Thermo Start, from fuel pipe and to fuel tank.
2. Support fuel filter with one hand and remove
capscrews and lock washers that secure fuel
filter and bracket to engine.
3. Remove filter from engine. Hold filter upright
until you pour fuel oil from filter into an approved container. Dispose of the fuel in an
approved manner.
b. Disassembly
Remove hex screw in top of filter, Fig. 8.9, remove
filter base and discard element.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Clean the filter using an approved solvent and dry
with a clean, lint-free cloth.
d. Assembly
Position new filter element between base and
head and install hex screw to secure parts.
e. Installation
1. Support fuel filter with one hand and install
capscrews and lock washers that secure fuel
filter and bracket to engine.
2. Connect lines from fuel pump, to fuel injection
pump, from fuel injection pump, to Thermo
Start, from fuel pipe and to fuel tank.
8-14
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
8.22 AI
29
22
13
12
25
26
24
11
10
23
32
17
15
4
2
30
19
20 18
31
3
14
16
21
5
33
27
1
28
7
9
6
8
MA0361
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Fuel Injection Pump
Sleeve
Seal
Wire
Gasket
Stud (3)
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Washer (3)
Injection Pipe for No. 1 Cylinder
Injection Pipe for No. 2 Cylinder
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Injection Pipe for No. 3 Cylinder
Injection Pipe for No. 4 Cylinder
Bridle (4)
Plate (4)
Screw (2)
Nut (2)
Atomizer (4)
Holder
Nozzle
Washer (4)
Pipe
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
Union Nut
Ball
Bolt (4)
Washer (8)
Gear
Dowel
Fuel Pipe
Spacer (4)
Seal (4)
Screw (8)
Fuel Run Solenoid
Fig. 8.22 Fuel Injection Pump
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
8-15
Section 8. Engine
e. Fuel Injection Pump Installation
8.4.7 Fuel Injection Pump
The fuel injection pump, Fig. 8.22, is a distributor
type pump with a mechanical flyweight type
governor. The pump is flange mounted and is
driven from the engine timing case.
IMPORTANT: Unless the necessary equipment
and experienced personnel are available, dismantling of the fuel injection pump should not be
attempted.
a. Fuel Injection Pump Removal
IMPORTANT: Instructions and specifications in
the Perkins Workshop Manual for the Perkins 4.236
Series Engine are required for fuel injection pump
installation. Do not remove pump from engine
unless you have this information which is essential
to correct fuel injection pump installation.
IMPORTANT: Instructions and specifications in
the Perkins Workshop Manual for the Perkins 4.236
Series Engine are required for fuel injection pump
installation. Do not remove pump from engine
unless you have this information which is essential
to correct fuel injection pump installation.
f.
Maximum Engine Speed Setting
IMPORTANT: The maximum speed screw seal of
the original fuel pump must not be broken or
tampered with in any way unless authorized by
JLG. Failure to do so may void engine and forklift
warranties.
When installing a replacement fuel injection pump
(refer to paragraph 8.4.7.e) or in the event of the
maximum speed screw having been moved, check
and reset the maximum no load speed.
2. Disconnect the stop and throttle controls and
remove return springs.
The maximum no load speed will vary according to
application. For details, refer to code number
stamped on fuel injection pump data plate. The
last four numbers in the code indicate the speed
required. In the case of the following example, this
would be 3130 rev/min.
3. Disconnect wiring to the fuel run solenoid.
Code Example: AS62/800/0/3130
4. Remove the timing case front cover inspection
plate.
5. Remove the three screws which secure the fuel
pump gear to the fuel pump.
NOTE: If the fuel pump data plate is damaged or
defaced so as to make it impossible to read the
code, or if the code is not stamped on the plate,
contact your nearest Perkins Distributor or C.A.V.
dealer to obtain the correct setting.
6. Remove the fuel pump from the timing case
ensuring that when the fuel pump gear leaves
the shaft it stays in mesh with the idler gear;
otherwise fuel pump timing will be affected.
IMPORTANT: Under no circumstances should the
engine be allowed to operate at a higher speed than
specified or severe damage to the engine may
result.
b. Fuel Injection Pump Disassembly
8.4.8 How to Bleed the Fuel System
IMPORTANT: Unless the necessary equipment
and experienced personnel are available, dismantling of the fuel injection pump should not be
attempted.
See paragraph 8.1.5 - 500 Hour Intervals, Bleeding
Fuel System, for procedures to remove air from the
fuel system.
1. Remove the high and low pressure pipes from
the fuel pump.
Refer to your Perkins Engine Distributor for disassembly and servicing of your fuel injection pump.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Clean the exterior of the fuel injection pump with an
approved solvent and dry with a clean lint-free
cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
Refer to your Perkins Engine Distributor if fuel
injection pump requires component replacement or
repair.
8-16
8.4.9 Atomizers (Fuel Injectors)
Atomizers should be taken out for examination at
regular intervals (refer to paragraph 8.1.7).
When replacing atomizers in the cylinder head it is
essential that a new, correct type copper washer is
installed between the nozzle cap and cylinder head.
Earlier engines have a one piece collar-type dust
seal; later engines have an improved two-piece
arrangement which consists of a soft rubber sealing
ring or sleeve and a rigid plastic spacer which
presses down onto the rubber sealing ring. The
rubber sealing ring is always installed below the
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
rigid spacer.
Tighten securing nuts evenly to 12 lb-ft (16 N m).
a. How to Locate Faulty Atomizer(s)
A faulty atomizer can cause:
• Misfiring
• Knocking in one (or more) cylinders
b. Atomizer Identification
Currently, the atomizer code is stamped on the
atomizer body.
c. How to Replace an Atomizer
• Engine overheating
1. Remove the fuel leak off pipe.
• Loss of power
2. Remove the high pressure pipe union nuts
from the atomizer and fuel injection pump and
release the pipe.
• Smoky exhaust (black)
• Increased fuel consumption
The particular faulty atomizer or atomizers may be
determined by releasing the pipe union nut on each
atomizer in turn, with the engine running at a fast
"tick-over". If after slackening a pipe union nut the
engine revolutions remain constant, this denotes a
faulty atomizer.
To test the atomizer:
1. Withdraw this complete unit from the cylinder
head.
3. Remove the atomizer flange nuts and remove
the atomizer and seat washer.
4. Put new atomizer with new seat washer, in
position. Be sure atomizer is not tilted and
tighten the flange nuts evenly by small
amounts to 12 lb-ft (16 N m).
5. Connect high pressure fuel pipe and tighten
nut to 15 lb-ft (20 N m).
6. Connect the leak off pipe.
2. Invert the atomizer with the nozzle facing
outwards and then retighten the unions.
7. Run the engine and check for fuel and air
leakage.
3. Slacken the unions of the other atomizer pipes
(to avoid the possibility of engine starting).
8. Bleed the fuel system by following the procedures in 8.1.5, Bleeding Fuel System.
4. Use the starter to turn the engine over until fuel
sprays from the nozzle. Examine the shape of
the spray. If the spray is unduly "wet" or
"streaky" or obviously to one side, or if the
nozzle "dribbles" it may only be necessary to
probe the nozzle holes to remove carbon.
Caution !
Be careful to keep hands and face from coming
in contact with spray as it will cause fuel oil to
penetrate the skin.
IMPORTANT: Do not attempt to adjust injection
pressure without a testing pump and pressure
gauge. It is impossible to adjust the setting of atomizers with any degree of accuracy without the
proper equipment.
A perfect atomizer, when tested by pumping fuel
through it in the open air gives a short "pinging"
sound as the fuel emerges from the holes. After
the atomizer has been in service for some time,
the "pinging" changes to a crackling sound. It is
not until the atomizer sounds "dead" that its condition is likely to affect the running of the engine.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
8.5
ENGINE EXHAUST
SYSTEM
Warning !
• Exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide, a
colorless, odorless gas which is fatal when
inhaled in a confined area. Avoid breathing
exhaust fumes and be sure engine operation
will not cause a concentration of toxic emissions.
• Exhaust system components get very hot
and can cause serious burns.
The exhaust system is supported by the engine to
minimize the transfer of noise and vibration into
the operators cab. The tail pipe on current forklifts
is directed to the right side of the forklift which is
more remote from the operators cab.
Annoying rattles and noise vibrations in the exhaust system are usually caused by misalignment
of parts. When aligning the system, leave all bolts
or nuts loose until all parts are properly aligned,
then tighten working from front to rear.
8-17
Section 8. Engine
Whenever you replace a muffler you should also
replace the tail pipe.
When installing an exhaust system be careful to
provide for expansion when the system is hot.
Use Exhaust System Sealer at all slip joint connections before assembly.
Check complete exhaust system for broken, damaged, missing or mispositioned parts, open
seams, holes, loose connections, and other deterioration which could permit exhaust fumes to
seep into the operators cab. Any damaged areas
must be corrected immediately.
When installing exhaust parts, make sure there is
sufficient clearance between the hot exhaust parts
and pipes and hoses and wiring that would be adversely affected by excessive heat.
Periodic maintenance of the exhaust system is not
required; however, it is advisable to check the condition of the system when performing other maintenance on the forklift.
8
6
7
5
9
2
10
5
5
7
6
4
3
4
8
2
5
9
1
PA0382
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Muffler
Pipe, exhaust
Pipe, tail
Clamp, T-Bolt
Clamp, muffler
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Gasket, exhaust manifold
Flat
Capscrew, hex head
Nut
Pipe, tail
3
4
NOTE: Items 7 through 10 are for forklifts with right
side exhaust, SN 8H0289 and after.
1
Fig. 8.23 Exhaust System for a Naturally Aspirated
Engine
PA0392
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Muffler
7.
Pipe, exhaust
8.
Clamp, T-Bolt
9.
Clamp, muffler
Gasket, exhaust manifold
Flat
Capscrew, hex head
Nut
Pipe, tail
Fig. 8.24 Exhaust System for Turbocharged Engine
8-18
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
1
3
2
Removal from Naturally Aspirated Engine
(a) Loosen clamp that secures the elbow to
the engine inlet manifold.
6
(b) Loosen clamp that secures the elbow to
the air cleaner assembly.
4
Removal from Turbocharged Engine
5
MA0371
1.
2.
Screw (2)
Washer (2)
3.
4.
Plate
Screw (2)
(c) Remove the nuts, lock washers, washers
and capscrews that secure the air cleaner
mounting band to the forklift frame.
5.
6.
Washer (2)
Plate
NOTE: Normally the engine and transmission are removed as a unit by suspending both units from these
plates. The combined weight is 1,400 lb (635 kg).
Fig. 8.25 Engine Lifting Plates
(a) Loosen clamp that secures hose to hose
reducer at the air inlet to the turbocharger.
(b) Loosen clamp that secures hose to hump
hose at the air cleaner assembly.
(c) Remove the nuts, lock washers, washers
and capscrews that secure the air cleaner
mounting band to the forklift frame.
7. Detach the exhaust system from the engine at
exhaust manifold as follows:
(a) Remove the parts attaching tail pipe to
engine and muffler, Fig. 8.23 and 8.24.
8.6
ENGINE REMOVAL
Warning
To avoid severe burns, DO NOT attempt this
procedure when the engine, cooling, and
hydraulic systems are hot. Wait until they have
cooled before proceeding.
1. Remove the transmission cover and open both
engine access doors.
2. Lower the boom to the ground.
(b) Loosen and remove the T-Bolt that secures
the muffler to the engine.
(c) Remove the parts attaching the exhaust
pipe to the exhaust manifold or turbocharger, as applicable.
8. Drain the radiator as follows:
(a) Remove the radiator cap.
(b) Place a container under the radiator
petcock at the bottom left corner of the
radiator.
(c) Open the petcock and allow the coolant to
drain from the radiator.
3. Remove the counterweight from the rear of the
frame.
9. Disconnect radiator overflow bottle and radiator
hose connections at engine.
4. Remove the radiator cover.
10. Remove the radiator, hoses, and shroud.
5. Remove oil cooler from the rear support and
detach the lines. Catch any excess oil that
drains from cooler and lines. Cap the lines.
11. Disconnect the wiring to the backup alarm, Fig.
8.26.
6. Detach and remove the air cleaner system
from the rear support and engine as follows:
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
12. Remove the rear support (which is above the
engine between the side frame members) along
with the backup alarm.
8-19
Section 8. Engine
13. Disconnect the engine wire harness at the
following components, Fig. 8.26:
• Starter
• Starter Ground Cable
• Starter Relay
• Neutral Start Switch (on transmission)
• Transmission Temperature Switch
• Low Oil Pressure Sender
• Emergency Pump Oil Pressure Switch
• Water Temperature Sender
• Fuel Run Solenoid
• Alternator
• Thermo Start Plug
15. Detach throttle cable from engine as follows:
(a) Remove cable clamp securing throttle
cable to throttle cable bracket.
(b) Disconnect the throttle cable from the fuel
injection pump.
16. Remove the transmission control cables from
the connector kit on the transmission as
follows:
(a) Remove the cable clamps securing the
control cable to the connector kit, Fig. 4.4.
(b) Disconnect the control cables from the
swivel linkage.
Pull harness off of engine and forward on
forklift so it is out of the way.
17. Disconnect transmission drive shaft from the
transmission:
14. Detach and plug fuel lines as required at fuel
pre-filter and fuel filter.
(a) Remove transmission cover from forklift.
TO BATTERIES
14
29
NEUTRAL START SWITCH
(TRANSMISSION MOUNTED)
37
19
37
STARTER
RELAY
NOT USED
ENGINE HARNESS
38
TRANSMISSION
TEMP. SWITCH
ENGINE
18
STARTER
LOW OIL
PRESSURE
SENDER
19
6
5
16
4
5
FUEL RUN
SOLENOID
27
10
28
ALTERNATOR
29
15
5
GROUND CABLE
28
34
EMERGENCY
PUMP OIL
PRESSURE
SWITCH
WATER TEMP.
SENDER
31
BACKUP
ALARM
MA0381
Fig. 8.26 Engine Harness Connections
8-20
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
8.7
(b) Remove the U-bolt assembly or bearing
straps, Fig. 6.1, attaching the drive shaft
cross assembly to the drop box input shaft
yoke. Slide slip joint towards transmission
so cross slips out of drop box input shaft
yoke.
NOTE: Wrap tape around bearings and cross so
bearings don't drop off cross.
(c) Remove the cap and bolt assembly or
bearing straps securing the drive shaft
cross assembly to the transmission output
shaft yoke.
ENGINE OVERHAUL
Refer to the Perkins Engine Workshop Manual for
the 4.236 Series engines.
8.8
ENGINE INSTALLATION
1. Install two 2.5" (64 mm) guide studs in the
engine housing as shown in Fig. 8.27.
FLYWHEEL
HOUSING
FLYWHEEL
NOTE: Wrap tape around bearings and cross so
bearings don't drop off cross.
(d) Remove drive shaft assembly from forklift.
GUIDE STUDS
18. Detach and remove the hydraulic lines from the
main pump.
IMPORTANT: Be sure main suction line is raised
above level in reservoir.
19. Detach and remove the transmission cooler
lines at the transmission.
20. Remove the engine and transmission from the
forklift frame as follows:
(a) Attach a suitable engine hoist to the lift
plates, Fig. 8.25, on the top of the engine.
(b) Remove both transmission mounts from
the transmission and frame.
(c) Remove the capscrew, vibration mount,
rebound washer, and locknut attaching the
engine mount to the frame.
(d) Pull the engine and transmission out the
rear of the forklift.
21. With the engine and transmission adequately
supported, separate the engine from the
transmission as follows:
(a) Remove one of the two access hole plastic
plugs on the engine flywheel housing.
(b) Remove the eight torque converter drive
plate screws and washers.
(c) Remove the eleven capscrews securing
the converter housing to the flywheel
housing.
(d) Using a suitable engine hoist, separate the
transmission from the engine.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
MA0391
Fig. 8.27 Guide Studs
2. Rotate the engine flywheel to align a drive plate
mounting screw hole with the flywheel housing
access hole.
3. Install a 4.0" (100 mm) long locating stud
(0.375-24 fine thread) in a drive plate nut as
shown in Fig. 8.28.
4. Rotate the drive plate to align the locating stud
with the flywheel drive plate mounting screw
hole positioned in step 2.
5. Position the transmission on the flywheel
housing with the guide and locating studs
aligned.
6. Install the nine capscrews securing the converter housing to the flywheel housing.
7. Remove the two guide studs and install the
remaining two capscrews securing the converter housing to the flywheel housing. Torque
all eleven housing capscrews to 25 to 30 lb-ft
(34 to 41 N m).
8. Using the access hole on the flywheel housing,
remove the drive plate locating stud and install
a capscrew in its place. Snug the capscrew,
but do not tighten it.
9. Rotate the engine flywheel and individually
install the remaining seven flywheel-to-driveplate capscrews through the access hole.
Snug the screws, but do not tighten them.
8-21
Section 8. Engine
10. After all eight capscrews have been installed,
rotate the engine flywheel again and individually
torque all eight to 25 to 30 lb-ft (34 to 40,8 N m).
11. Install the engine and transmission on the
forklift frame as follows:
13. Secure transmission drive shaft to transmission with U-bolt or bearing strap. Torque U-bolt
to 20 to 24 lb-ft (27 to 37 N m) or bearing strap
to 55 to 60 lb-ft (75 to 82 N m).
14. Install the transmission control cables as
follows:
(a) Attach a suitable engine hoist to the lifting
lugs on the top of the engine.
(a) Place the transmission control valve
spools, Fig. 4.4, in the center position.
(b) Push the engine and transmission in
through the rear of the forklift and rest it on
the frame aligning the engine mount hole.
(b) Secure the control cables to the bracket
being sure to have the clamp and cable
grooves aligned.
(c) Secure both transmission mounts to the
transmission and frame with capscrews
and locknuts.
•
Torque the 1/2-inch capscrew attaching the
mount to the frame to 68 to 72 lb-ft (93 to 98
N m).
•
Torque the 3/4-inch capscrews attaching the
mount to the transmission to 225 to 275 lb-ft
(306 to 374 N m).
(c) Position swivel and lock nut on rod end as
shown in Fig. 4.4. Tighten the locknut.
(d) Be sure the shifter levers are in the center
or middle position.
(e) Reposition the swivel and lock nut so it
aligns with its hole in the swivel linkage
control arm.
(f) Secure the swivel to the control arm with
cotter pin.
(d) Secure the engine mount to the frame with
a capscrew, vibration mount, rebound
washer, and locknut. Torque to 225 to 275
lb-ft (306 to 374 N m).
(e) Remove the engine hoist.
12. Attach the main pump to the transmission.
ACCESS HOLE
DRIVE PLATE
MOUNTING
SCREW HOLE
4" LOCATING
STUD
CONVERTER
HOUSING
FLYWHEEL
HOUSING
2-1/2" GUIDE
STUDS
FLYWHEEL
DRIVE PLATE
MA0401
Fig. 8.28 Locating Stud
8-22
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
15. Attach the throttle control cable to the engine
fuel injection pump as follows:
(a) Fasten the throttle cable to the throttle
cable bracket with a clamp being sure to
align the grooves in the cable and clamp.
(b) Secure the throttle cable clevis to the fuel
injection pump throttle and stop lever with
cotter and clevis pins. Adjust the clevis so
that the lever touches the stop screw.
16. Connect the fuel lines to the fuel pre-filter and
fuel filter assemblies.
17. Connect engine wire harness to the engine and
transmission components, Fig. 8.26:
• Starter
• Starter Ground Cable
• Starter Relay
• Neutral Start Switch (on transmission)
• Transmission Temperature Switch
• Low Oil Pressure Sender
• Emergency Pump Oil Pressure Switch
• Water Temperature Sender
• Fuel Run Solenoid
• Alternator
• Thermo Start Plug
18. Secure the rear support between the side frame
members with ten capscrews, lock washers,
and hex nuts. Torque to 225 to 275 lb-ft (306
to 374 N m).
19. Connect the wiring to the backup alarm.
20. Attach the exhaust system to the engine.
21. Install the air cleaner system on the rear
support and connect the hoses.
26. Install the transmission oil cooler on the rear
support and connect it to the transmission.
27. Fill the transmission as follows:
(a) Install a cleaned drain plug and screen and
gasket, Fig. 7.1, into the transmission
sump housing.
(b) Fill transmission with Tractor Hydraulic
Fluid to LOW mark on dipstick, Fig. 7.6.
28. Install the radiator cover.
29. Install counterweight on the rear of the frame.
30. Check the fluid levels as follows:
(a) Start the engine and allow it to heat to
operating temperature. Do not operate
engine for more than two minutes.
(b) Shut the engine off, wait for engine to
cool, and check the coolant level. Top it
off as required by adding coolant through
the overflow bottle.
(c) Be sure the engine oil level is between the
full and add marks. If it is below the add
mark, add 10W30 motor oil equal to API,
SE CC or SE CD specifications. Engine
crankcase capacity is 9.4 quarts (8,9 liter)
with a filter change.
(d) Check the transmission oil level. If it is
below the add mark, add Tractor Hydraulic
Fluid to bring it to the full mark on the
dipstick. Transmission capacity is 4.3
gallons (16,3 liter).
31. Install the transmission cover and close and
lock both engine access doors.
22. Install the radiator overflow bottle.
23. Install the radiator, hoses, and shroud.
24. Connect the radiator hoses to the engine.
25. Fill the radiator as follows:
(a) Be sure the radiator petcock is closed and
the engine cylinder block drain plug is
installed.
(b) Fill the radiator completely with 50/50
mixture of ethylene glycol and water.
Capacity is 5.4 gallons (20,4 liter).
(c) Replace radiator cap.
(d) Add coolant to the overflow bottle until it is
about 1/4 to 1/2 full—approximately 1 quart
(0,9 liter).
(e) Clean dirt and debris from radiator fins and
core. Remove rear radiator cover for
access to radiator.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
8-23
Section 8. Engine
8.9
HEAD TORQUE CHECK
1. Run engine until coolant outlet temperature is
higher than 170 °F (77 °C).
2. Stop the engine and remove the cylinder head
cover.
3. Check the torque of the cylinder head nuts and
capscrews in the correct sequence as shown in
Fig. 8.29. The correct torque is 100 lb-ft (136
N m) for 1/2" studs and capscrews; 60 lb-ft (84
N m) for 7/16" studs.
• If a nut or a capscrew turns when checked,
tighten it to the correct torque.
• If a nut or a capscrew does not turn when
checked, loosen it by 30 to 60° and then
tighten to correct torque.
11
18
17
4
21
9
1
8
12
2
14
15 7
19
13
6
5
3
10 16
MA1451
Fig. 8.30 Valve Stem Tip Clearance Check
8.10 STEM TIP TO ROCKER
ARM CLEARANCE
CHECK
The correct clearance between the top of the valve
stem and the rocker lever is 0.012" (0,30 mm) with
the engine cold.
20
22
NOTE: No. 1 cylinder is at the front of the engine.
To adjust this clearance:
MA0411
Fig. 8.29 Cylinder Head Torque Sequence
4. After all the nuts and capscrews have been
checked, check the first 10 positions again to
ensure that they are still to the correct torque.
During this last check, do not loosen the nuts
and capscrews.
1. Turn the crankshaft in the normal direction of
rotation until the inlet valve of No. 4 cylinder
has just opened and the exhaust valve of the
same cylinder has not fully closed. Check the
clearances of No. 1 cylinder valves and adjust
if necessary, Fig. 8.30.
2. With No. 2 cylinder valves set as given above
for No. 4 cylinder, check and adjust clearances
for No. 3 cylinder valves.
3. With No. 1 cylinder valves set, check and
adjust clearances of No. 4 cylinder valves.
4. With No. 3 cylinder set, check and adjust
8-24
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 8. Engine
clearances of No. 2 cylinder valves.
tion manifold. Seal the manifold with waterproof tape.
8.11 ENGINE STORAGE
12. Remove the exhaust pipe. Spray POWERPART Lay-Up 2 into the exhaust manifold.
Seal the manifold with waterproof tape.
Use the following procedures immediately when
engine is removed from service for an extended
period. The instructions for the use of Perkins
POWERPART products are given on the outside of
each container.
1. Clean outside of engine.
2. Where a preservative fuel is to be used, drain
the fuel system and fill with the preservative
fuel. POWERPART Lay-Up 1 can be added to
the normal fuel to change it to a preservative
fuel. If preservative fuel is not used, the
system can be kept charged with normal fuel
but this will have to be drained and discarded at
the end of the storage periods together with the
fuel filter.
3. Run the engine until it is warm. Correct any
fuel, lubricating oil or air leakage. Stop the
engine and drain the lubricating oil sump.
4. Replace the lubricating oil filter canister.
5. Fill the sump to the FULL mark on the dip stick
with clean new lubricating oil or with an approved preservative fluid. POWERPART LayUp 2 can be added to the lubricating oil to
protect against corrosion. If a preservative
fluid is used, this must be drained and normal
lubricating oil used when the engine is returned
to service.
13. Remove the lubricating oil filler cap. Spray
POWERPART Lay-Up 2 around the rocker
shaft assembly. Replace the filler cap.
14. Disconnect the batteries and put them into safe
storage in a fully charged condition. Before the
batteries are put into storage, give the battery
terminals a protection against corrosion.
POWERPART Lay-Up 3 can be used on the
terminals.
15. Seal the vent pipe of the fuel tank or the fuel
filler cap with waterproof tape.
16. Remove the fan belt and put it into storage.
17. To prevent corrosion, spray the engine with
POWERPART Lay-Up 3. Do not spray the
inside of the alternator cooling fan area.
NOTE: Before the engine is started after a period
in storage, operate the starter motor with one of the
fuel run solenoids wires disconnected until oil
pressure shows on the oil pressure gauge or the
warning light goes out.
If the engine protection is done correctly according
to the above recommendations, no corrosion
damage will normally occur. Perkins Engines Ltd.
and JLG are not responsible for any damage that
occurs in relation to a service storage period.
6. Drain the cooling system as described in
paragraph 8.1.8. To give protection against
corrosion, it is better to fill the cooling system
with a coolant that has a corrosion inhibitor
(see paragraph 8.2.1). If frost protection is
needed, use an antifreeze mixture. If no frost
protection is needed, use water with an approved corrosion inhibitor mixture.
7. Run the engine for a short period to send the
lubricating oil and coolant around the engine.
8. Clean out the engine breather pipe (where
fitted) and seal the end of the pipe.
9. Remove the atomizers and spray POWERPART Lay-Up 2 into each cylinder bore. If this
is not available, clean engine lubricating oil will
give a degree of protection. Spray into cylinder
bores 1/4 pint (140 ml) of lubricating oil divided
evenly between the four cylinders.
11. Remove the air filter and any pipe installed
between the air filter and induction manifold.
Spray POWERPART Lay-Up 2 into the inducModel 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
8-25
Section 8. Engine
8.12 TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Possible Causes (see Key)
Low Cranking Power
1, 2, 3, 4
Will Not Start
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 31, 32, 33
Difficult Starting
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 29, 31,
32, 33
Lack of Power
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32,
33, 61, 63
Misfiring
8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 32
Excessive Fuel Consumption
11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 63
Black Exhaust
11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 61, 63
Blue/White Exhaust
4, 16, 18, 19, 20, 25, 27, 31, 33, 34, 35, 45, 56, 62
Low Oil Pressure
4, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 58
Knocking
9, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, 26, 28, 29, 31, 33, 35, 36, 45, 46, 59
Erratic Running
7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 20, 21, 23, 26, 28, 29, 30, 33, 35, 45, 59
Vibration
13, 14, 20, 23, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 45, 47, 48, 49
High Oil Pressure
4, 38, 41
Overheating
11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 24, 25, 45, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 57
Excessive Crankcase
Pressure
25, 31, 33, 34, 45, 55, 60
Poor Compression
11, 19, 25, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 46, 59
Starts and Stops
10, 11, 12
Key to Possible Causes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
8-26
Battery capacity low
Bad electrical connection
Faulty starter motor
Incorrect grade of lubricating oil
Low cranking speed
Fuel tank empty
Faulty stop control operation
Blocked fuel feed line
Faulty fuel lift pump
Choked fuel filter
Restriction in air cleaner
Air in fuel system
Faulty fuel injection pump
Faulty atomizers or incorrect
type
Incorrect use of cold start
equipment
Faulty cold start equipment
Broken fuel injection pump
drive
Incorrect fuel pump timing
Incorrect valve timing
Poor compression
Blocked fuel tank vent
Incorrect grade of fuel
23. Sticking throttle or restricted
movement
24. Exhaust pipe restriction
25. Leaking cylinder head gasket
26. Overheating
27. Cold running
28. Incorrect tappet adjustment
29. Sticking valves
30. Incorrect high pressure pipes
31. Worn cylinder bores
32. Pitted valves and seats
33. Broken, worn or sticking piston
ring(s)
34. Worn valve stems and guides
35. Overfull air cleaner
36. Worn or damaged bearings
37. Insufficient oil in sump
38. Inaccurate gauge
39. Oil pump worn
40. Pressure relief valve sticking
open
41. Pressure relief valve sticking
closed
42. Broken relief valve spring
43. Faulty suction pipe
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
Choked oil filter
Piston seizure
Incorrect piston height
Damaged fan
Faulty engine mounting
Incorrectly aligned flywheel
housing, or flywheel
Faulty thermostat
Restriction in water jacket
Loose fan belt
Choked radiator
Faulty water pump
Choked breather pipe
Damaged valve stem oil
deflectors (if fitted)
Coolant level too low
Blocked sump strainer
Broken valve spring
Exhauster or vacuum pipe leak
Turbo impeller damaged or
dirty
Turbo lubricating oil seal leak
Induction system leaks
(turbocharged engines)
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 9. Hydraulic System
SECTION 9
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
CONTENTS
Warning !
Par.
Title
9.1
CIRCUITS
9.1.1
9.1.2
9.1.3
9.1.4
9.1.5
9.1.6
9.1.7
Boom Raise/Lower
Boom Extend/Retract
Grille Tilt and Slave Circuit
Frame Tilt Circuit
Brake Circuits
Power Steering Circuit
Optional Auxiliary Circuit
9-1
9-5
9-8
9-11
9-14
9-17
9-20
9.2
CYLINDERS
9-23
9.2.1
9.2.2
9.2.3
9.2.4
9.2.5
9.2.6
9.2.7
Boom Hoist Cylinder
Extend Cylinder
Slave Cylinder
Grille Tilt Cylinder
Frame Tilt Cylinder
Steering Cylinder
Side Tilt Carriage Cylinder
(Optional)
9-23
9-27
9-30
9-33
9-36
9-39
9.3
VALVES
9-45
a. Description
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.3.4
9.3.5
9.3.6
9.3.7
9.3.8
Main Control Valve Assembly
Brake Valve
Park Lock Release Valve
Steer Select Valve
Sequence Valve
Steer Relief Valve
Pressure Reducing Valve
Counterbalance Valve
9-45
9-50
9-54
9-56
9-57
9-57
9-58
9-59
9.4
PUMPS
9-60
9.4.1
9.4.2
Main Tandem Pump
Steering and Emergency
Brake Pump (S/N 7P0013 & Before)
Steering and Emergency
Brake Pump (S/N 7P0014 & After)
9-60
Hydraulic pressure is applied in the boom raise/
lower circuit by the 30 gpm section (rear half) of
the tandem pump, which draws its fluid through a
suction strainer in the reservoir, Fig. 9.1. Supply
pressure is directed to either side of the right and
left boom hoist cylinder pistons, by the shifting of a
spool in a directional control valve found in the
main control valve assembly. The spool is shifted
by the operator joystick and its associated
control cable. The joystick positions for raising
and lowering the boom are as follows:
9-68
TROUBLESHOOTING
SPECIFICATIONS
9-71
9-78
9.4.3
9.5
9.6
Page
9-1
9-42
9-67
• If anyone is injured by or if any hydraulic fluid
is injected into the skin, obtain medical
attention immediately or gangrene may result.
• Wear appropriate eye protection. Hydraulic
fluid can cause permanent eye injury. Do not
wear loose fitting clothing when servicing the
forklift.
9.1
CIRCUITS
NOTE: Refer to the 6036 Hydraulic Schematic in
the Troubleshooting Section 9.5 for an overall
diagram
9.1.1 Boom Raise/Lower
Center Position
When the joystick is placed in the center or neutral
position, the directional control valve spool is
positioned so that supply pressure is directed
through ports F to C, Fig. 9.1, to the return filter
and reservoir, Fig. 9.1. If the filter becomes
clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when
the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
Raise Position
When the joystick is placed in the raise position,
the directional control valve spool is shifted so that
supply pressure is directed through ports E to A,
Fig. 9.1, to the base end of both left and right
boom hoist cylinder pistons. If supply pressure
reaches 2650 psi (182,6 bar), the boom hoist
9-1
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
MAIN CONTROL
VALVE
TO FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
TO GRILLE TILT AND
SLAVE CYLINDERS
DIRECTIONAL CONTROL
VALVE POSITIONS
RAISE
TO BOOM EXTEND/
RETRACT CYLINDER
RIGHT BOOM
HOIST CYLINDER
LOWER
A B C
A B C
A B C
D E F
D E F
CENTER
D E F
LOWER
RAISE
MAIN RELIEF
VALVE
BOOM HOIST
RELIEF VALVE
LEFT BOOM
HOIST CYLINDER
TANDEM
PUMP
30
GPM
RESERVOIR
STRAINER
15
GPM
RETURN
FILTER
0-4000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
COUNTERBALANCE
VALVES
MA0421
Fig. 9.1 Boom Hoist Circuit
port relief valve, Fig. 9.2, will open allowing
hydraulic oil to return to the reservoir.
Return oil from the top end of the boom hoist
cylinder piston is directed back to the directional
control valve through ports B to D, Fig. 9.1, to the
return filter and reservoir. If the filter becomes
clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when
the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
Lower Position
When the joystick is placed in the lower position,
the directional control valve spool is shifted so that
supply pressure is directed through ports E to B,
Fig. 9.1, to the rod (top) end of both left and right
boom hoist cylinder pistons. This supply pressure
also pilots open the counterbalance valve, Fig.
9.1. The open counterbalance valve allows return
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
oil from the base end of the cylinder to return
through ports A to D, Fig. 9.1, of the directional
control valve to the return filter and reservoir. If
supply pressure reaches 3,000 ± 50 psi (206,7 ±
3,4 bar), the main relief valve, Fig. 9.2, will open,
allowing hydraulic oil to return to the reservoir. If
the return filter becomes clogged, hydraulic oil will
bypass the filter when the pressure reaches 10 to
15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
The counterbalance valve in each boom hoist
cylinder serves as a safety device. The counterbalance valve functions as follows:
Should any of the hydraulic lines going to
either hoist cylinder fail, there will be a loss of
hydraulic system pressure to the cylinder(s).
Example: If there was a hydraulic line failure
in the pressurized lowering line during lower9-2
Section 9. Hydraulic System
ing, the counterbalance valve would lose pilot
pressure closing off flow returning to the
reservoir. The oil in the base end of the
cylinder would then be trapped, which would
immediately stop boom lowering and prevent
an elevated load from falling to the ground
uncontrolled. The load can be lowered safely
to the ground by following the “Emergency
Boom Lowering” procedures in your Owners/
Operators Manual.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT attempt to reset the
counterbalance valve cartridges. In the event that
the counterbalance valve cartridges were disabled
for emergency boom lowering or any unauthorized
adjustments are ever made to these cartridges,
remove and replace both cartridges with new
parts. Failure to replace these cartridges with new
parts may alter the holding characteristics of the
counterbalance valves creating an unsafe condition for machine operation.
b. Pressure Checks and Adjustments
Main Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the
engine has stopped to relieve any trapped
pressure.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0 - 4000 psi (275,6 bar) in the
tandem pump outlet of the 30 gpm section,
Fig. 9.1.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
5. Start the engine. Raise and lower the boom
fully several times to purge the system of air.
6. Depress the accelerator to full throttle. Place
the joystick in the “lower” position and hold
until the hoist cylinders have fully retracted.
Continue holding the joystick in the “lower”
position until the pressure readings are taken.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 3,000 ± 50 psi (206,7 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the main relief valve, Fig. 9.2, by turning
the adjustment screw clockwise to increase
pressure or counterclockwise to decrease
pressure. Torque nuts on relief valve to 10 ±
1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after adjustment.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
10. Start the engine. Raise and lower the boom
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
9-3
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
FRAME TILT
"RIGHT" PORT
RELIEF
VALVE
GRILLE TILT
"UP" PORT
RELIEF VALVE
BOOM
EXTEND
PORT
RELIEF
VALVE
MAIN
RELIEF
VALVE
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0 - 4000 psi (275,6 bar) in the
tandem pump outlet of the 30 gpm section,
Fig. 9.1.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
5. Start the engine. Raise and lower the boom
fully several times to purge the system of air.
MA0431
FRAME TILT
"LEFT" PORT
RELIEF VALVE
GRILLE TILT
"DOWN" PORT
RELIEF VALVE
BOOM HOIST
PORT RELIEF
VALVE
BOOM
RETRACT
PORT RELIEF
VALVE
Fig. 9.2 Main Control Valve Relief Valves
Boom Hoist Port Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
6. Depress the accelerator to full throttle. Place
the joystick in the “raise” position and hold until
the hoist cylinders have fully extended. Continue holding the joystick in the “raise” position
until the pressure readings are taken.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the boom hoist port relief valve, Fig. 9.2,
by turning the adjustment screw clockwise to
increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief valve
to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after adjustment.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to relieve
any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic line.
10. Start the engine. Raise and lower the boom
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
c. Testing
The boom raise/lower circuit should be tested whenever repairs or adjustments are made to components
of the circuit.
1. Start the engine, park the forklift on level
ground and level the frame.
2. Check for signs of leakage of hydraulic oil from
circuit hoses and other components. Correct
any leakage problem before testing.
3. Raise and lower the boom fully several times
to purge the system of air if necessary.
4. Starting with the boom fully retracted and at its
lowest position, raise the boom at full engine
speed. The time required for full hoist should
be 11 to 13 seconds (no load).
9-4
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. Starting at the fully raised position, lower the
boom at full engine speed. The time required
to lower the boom to its lowest position should
be 8 to 10 seconds (no load).
suction stainer in the reservoir, Fig. 9.3. Supply
pressure is directed to either side of the extend/
retract cylinder piston by the shifting of a spool in a
directional control valve found in the main control
valve assembly. The spool is shifted by the
operator joystick and its associated control cable.
The joystick positions for extending or retracting
the boom are as follows:
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to recheck performance.
7. If the boom raise/lower circuit test does not
meet performance requirements, locate the
cause of the problem and correct before
putting the vehicle into service.
Center Position
When the joystick is placed in the center or neutral
position, the directional control valve spool is
positioned so that supply pressure is directed
through ports F to C, Fig. 9.3, to the return filter
and reservoir. If the return filter becomes
clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when the
pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
9.1.2 Boom Extend/Retract
a. Description
Hydraulic pressure is applied in the boom extend/
retract circuit by the 30 gpm section (rear half) of
the tandem pump, which draws its fluid through a
TO FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
MAIN CONTROL
VALVE
TO GRILLE TILT AND
SLAVE CYLINDERS
COUNTERBALANCE
VALVE
DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVE POSITIONS
BOOM EXTEND
CYLINDER
RETRACT
EXTEND
A B C A B C A B C
EXTEND
RETRACT
DE F
DE F
D E F
CENTER
PILOT OPERATED
CHECK VALVE
BOOM EXTEND PORT
RELIEF VALVES
TO BOOM HOIST
CYLINDER
0-4000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
TANDEM
PUMP
30
GPM
15
GPM
RESERVOIR
STRAINER
RETURN
FILTER
MA0441
Fig. 9.3 Boom Extend Circuit
9-5
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Extend Position
When the joystick is placed in the extend position,
the directional control valve spool is shifted so that
supply pressure is directed through ports E to A,
Fig. 9.3, to the base end of the boom extend
cylinder piston. If supply pressure reaches 2650
psi (182,6 bar), the boom extend port relief
valve, Fig. 9.2, will open allowing hydraulic oil to
return to the reservoir.
Return oil from the rod side of the extend cylinder
piston is directed back to the directional control
valve through ports B to D, Fig. 9.3, to the return
filter and reservoir. If the return filter becomes
clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when
the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
Retract Position
When the joystick is placed in the retract position,
the directional control valve spool is shifted so that
supply pressure is directed through ports E to B,
Fig. 9.3, to the rod side of the boom extend
cylinder piston. This supply pressure also pilots
open the counterbalance valve, Fig. 9.1. The
open counterbalance valve allows return oil from
the base end of the cylinder to return through ports
A to D, Fig. 9.1, of the directional control valve to
the return filter and reservoir. If supply pressure
reaches 2650 psi (182,6 bar), the boom retract
port relief valve, Fig. 9.2, will open allowing
hydraulic oil to return to the reservoir. If the return
filter becomes clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass
the filter when the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi
(0,7 to 1,03 bar).
The counterbalance valve in the extend cylinder
serves two other main functions. One prevents
component damage and the other is for safety.
These functions can be described as follows:
• If the machine is traveling and the boom
runs into an immovable object, pressure
will build up on the base end of the
cylinder. If the counterbalance valve was
not installed, the rod of the cylinder would
bend damaging the cylinder. With the
counterbalance valve installed the pressure will build up until it reaches 2650 psi
(182,6 bar) and then the counterbalance
valve will be internally piloted open
allowing the pressure to return to the
reservoir. This condition will only exist if
the cylinder has been extended. If the
cylinder is already fully retracted the
counterbalance valve will have no effect
and the cylinder rod will bend.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
• Should any of the hydraulic lines going to
the extend cylinder fail, there will be a loss
of hydraulic system pressure to the
cylinder. Example: If there was a hydraulic line failure in the pressurized retract line
during retracting, the counterbalance valve
would lose pilot pressure closing off flow
returning to the reservoir. The oil in the
base end of the cylinder would then be
trapped which would immediately stop
boom retraction preventing an elevated
load from retracting uncontrolled. The
load can be lowered safely to the ground
by following the “Emergency Boom
Lowering” procedures in your Owners/
Operators Manual.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT attempt to reset the
counterbalance valve cartridge. In the event that
the counterbalance valve cartridge was disabled
for emergency boom lowering or any unauthorized
adjustments are ever made to this cartridge,
remove and replace the cartridge with a new part.
Failure to replace this cartridge with a new part
may alter the holding characteristics of the
counterbalance valve creating an unsafe condition
for machine operation.
b. Pressure Checks and Adjustments
Boom Extend Port Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, level the boom and stop the
engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0 - 4000 psi (275,6 bar) in the
tandem pump outlet of the 30 gpm section,
Fig. 9.3.
9-6
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0 - 4000 psi (275,6 bar) in the
tandem pump outlet of the 30 gpm section,
Fig. 9.3.
5. Start the engine. Extend and retract the boom
several times to purge the system of air.
5. Start the engine. Extend and retract the boom
several times to purge the system of air.
6. Depress the accelerator to full throttle. Place
the joystick in the “extend“ position and hold
until the extend cylinder has fully extended.
Continue holding the joystick in the “extend”
position until the pressure readings are taken.
6. Depress the accelerator to full throttle. Place
the joystick in the “retract” position and hold
until the extend cylinder has fully retracted.
Continue holding the joystick in the “retract”
position until the pressure readings are taken.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the boom extend port relief valve, Fig.
9.2, by turning the adjustment screw clockwise
to increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief
valve to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after
adjustment.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the boom retract port relief valve, Fig.
9.2, by turning the adjustment screw clockwise
to increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief
valve to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after
adjustment.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic line.
10. Start the engine. Extend and retract the boom
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
Boom Retract Port Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, level the boom and stop the
engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
9-7
10. Start the engine. Extend and retract the boom
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
c. Testing
The boom extend/retract circuit should be tested
whenever repairs or adjustments are made to
components of the circuit.
1. Start the engine, park the forklift on level
ground and level the frame.
2. Check for signs of leakage of hydraulic oil
from circuit hoses and other components.
Correct any leakage problem before testing.
3. Extend and retract the boom several times to
purge the system of air.
4. Starting with the boom fully retracted and
level, extend the boom at full engine speed.
The time required for full extension should be
12 to 15 seconds (no load).
5. Starting at the fully extended position, retract
the boom at full engine speed. The time
required to retract the boom fully should be 10
to 13 seconds (no load).
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to recheck performance.
Center Position
7. If the boom extend/retract circuit test does not
meet performance requirements, locate the
cause of the problem and correct before
putting the vehicle into service.
When the grille and frame tilt control lever is
placed in the center or neutral position, the
directional control valve spool is positioned so that
pump supply pressure is directed through ports F
to C, Fig. 9.4, to the return filter and reservoir. If
the return filter becomes clogged, hydraulic oil will
bypass the filter when the pressure reaches 10 to
15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
9.1.3 Grille Tilt and Slave Circuit
a. Description
Hydraulic pressure is applied in the grille tilt and
slave circuit by the 30 gpm section (rear half) of
the tandem pump, which draws its fluid through a
suction screen in the reservoir, Fig. 9.4. Pressure
is directed to either side of the grille tilt and slave
cylinder pistons by the shifting of a spool in a
directional control valve found in the main control
valve assembly. The spool is shifted by the grille
and frame tilt control lever and its associated
control cable. Control lever positions for tilting the
grille are as follows:
Up Position
When the grille and frame tilt control lever is
placed in the “up” position, the directional control
valve spool is positioned so that pump supply
pressure is directed through ports E to A, Fig. 9.4,
to the base (extend) end of the grille tilt and slave
cylinders. The extension of the slave cylinder is
fixed by the position of the boom so that only the
grille tilt cylinder is extended to tilt the grille up. If
supply pressure reaches 2650 psi (182,6 bar), the
TO FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
GRILLE TILT CYLINDER
MAIN CONTROL
VALVE
DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVE
POSITIONS
UP
COUNTERBALANCE
VALVE
DOWN
UP
A BC
SLAVE
CYLINDER
DE F
A BC
DOWN
A BC
DEF D EF
CENTER
GRILLE TILT PORT
RELIEF VALVES
TO BOOM EXTEND
CYLINDER
TO BOOM HOIST
CYLINDER
TANDEM
PUMP
0-4000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
30
GPM
15
GPM
RESERVOIR
STRAINER
RETURN
FILTER
MA0452
Fig. 9.4 Grille Tilt and Slave Circuit
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-8
Section 9. Hydraulic System
grille tilt “up” relief valve, Fig. 9.2, will open
allowing hydraulic oil to return to the return filter
and reservoir, Fig. 9.4.
Return oil from the rod side of the grille tilt cylinder
piston is directed back to the directional control
valve through ports B to D, Fig. 9.4, to the return
filter and reservoir. If the return filter becomes
clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when
the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
The counterbalance valve, Fig. 9.4, will allow oil
flow to the base end of the grille tilt cylinder but will
not allow reverse oil flow from the base end of the
grille tilt cylinder. This prevents the grille from
tilting down due to the load on the grille which
causes back pressure on the grille tilt cylinder
piston. Without this check valve, the back pressure
would tilt the grille down if the extend line should
fail.
When the boom is raised, the slave cylinder is
extended which causes pressure buildup on the
rod end of the piston. This pressure pilots open
the counterbalance valve, Fig. 9.4, and forces
hydraulic oil to flow from the rod end of the slave
cylinder to the rod end of the grille tilt cylinder and
from the base end of the grille tilt cylinder to the
base end of the slave cylinder. The grille tilt
cylinder rod retracts to tilt the grille down and
compensate for upward boom movement. The
amount of grille tilt cylinder rod movement is
proportional to slave cylinder rod movement to
always keep the grille at the same attitude.
When the boom is lowered, the slave cylinder is
retracted which causes pressure buildup on the
base end of the piston. Hydraulic oil flow and
cylinder and grille action are just the reverse of
raising the boom. Oil flows through the counterbalance valve without piloting.
c. Pressure Checks and Adjustments
Down Position
When the fork and frame tilt control lever is placed
in the “down” position, the directional control valve
spool is positioned so that pump supply pressure
is directed through ports E to B, Fig. 9.4, to the rod
(retract) end of the grille tilt and slave cylinders.
The extension of the slave cylinder is fixed by the
position of the boom so that only the grille tilt
cylinder is retracted to tilt the grille down. This
supply pressure also pilots open the counterbalance valve, Fig. 9.4. The open check valve
allows return oil from the base end of the cylinder
to return through ports A to D, Fig. 9.4, of the
directional control valve to the return filter and
reservoir, Fig. 9-4. If the supply pressure reaches
2650 psi (182,6 bar), the grille tilt “down” relief
valve, Fig. 9.2, will open allowing hydraulic oil to
return to the return filter and reservoir. If the
return filter becomes clogged, hydraulic oil will
bypass the filter when the pressure reaches 10 to
15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
b. Grille Tilt Cylinder, Slave Cylinder and
Hoist Cylinder Interaction
The slave cylinder is mounted to the boom in a
way that is similar to the hoist cylinders, Fig. 9.4.
When the boom is raised or lowered, the movement of the slave cylinder follows the movement of
the hoist cylinders. The slave cylinder shares a
common extend hydraulic line with the grille tilt
cylinder, and also a common retract line. The
movements of the cylinders are interactive.
9-9
Grille Tilt “Up” Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-4000 psi (275,6 bar) at the 30
gpm section of the tandem pump, Fig. 9.4.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. Start the engine. Operate the grille tilt control
several times to purge the system of air.
6. Depress the accelerator to full throttle. Place
the grille and frame tilt control lever in the “up”
position and hold until the grille tilt cylinder has
fully extended. Continue holding the lever in
the “up” position until the pressure readings
are taken.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the grille tilt “up” relief valve, Fig. 9.2,
turning the adjustment screw clockwise to
increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief
valve to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after
adjustment.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
10. Start the engine. Operate the grille tilt control
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
Grille Tilt “Down” Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-4000 psi (275,6 bar) at the 30
gpm section of the tandem pump, Fig. 9.4.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
5. Start the engine. Operate the grille tilt control
several times to purge the system of air.
6. Depress the accelerator to full throttle. Place
the grille and frame tilt control lever in the
“down” position and hold until the grille tilt
cylinder has fully retracted. Continue holding
the lever in the “down” position until the
pressure readings are taken.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the grille tilt “down” relief valve, Fig. 9.2,
turning the adjustment screw clockwise to
increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief
valve to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after
adjustment.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
10. Start the engine. Operate the grille tilt control
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
d. Testing
The grille tilt and slave circuit should be tested
whenever repairs or adjustments are made to
components of the circuit:
1. Start the engine, park the forklift on level
ground and level the frame.
2. Check for signs of leakage of hydraulic oil
from circuit hoses and other components.
Correct any leakage problem before testing.
3. Operate the grille tilt control several times to
purge the system of air if necessary.
4. Starting with the grille down fully, tilt the grille
up fully at full engine speed. The time required for full tilt up should be 4 to 6 seconds
(no load).
9-10
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. Starting at the full tilt up position, tilt the grille
down fully at full engine speed. The time
required for full tilt down should be 3 to 5
seconds (no load).
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to recheck performance.
7. If the grille tilt circuit test does not meet
performance requirements, locate the cause of
the problem and correct before putting the
vehicle into service
9.1.4 Frame Tilt Circuit
a. Description
Hydraulic pressure is applied in the frame tilt
circuit by the 30 gpm section (rear half) of the
tandem pump, which draws its fluid through a
suction screen in the reservoir, Fig. 9.5. Pressure
is directed to either side of the frame tilt cylinder
piston by the shifting of a spool in a directional
control valve found in the main control valve
assembly. The spool is shifted by the grille and
frame tilt control lever and its associated control
cable. Control lever positions for tilting the grille
are as follows:
Center Position
When the grille and frame tilt control lever is
placed in the center or neutral position, the
directional control valve spool is positioned so that
pump supply pressure is directed through ports F
to C, Fig. 9.5, to the return filter and reservoir. If
the return filter becomes clogged, hydraulic oil will
bypass the filter when the pressure reaches 10 to
15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
FRAME TILT PORT
RELIEF VALVES
FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
MAIN CONTROL
VALVE
RIGHT
DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVE
POSITIONS
LEFT
LEFT
RIGHT
ABC ABC A BC
PILOT OPERATED
CHECK VALVE
TO GRILLE TILT AND
SLAVE CYLINDERS
DE F
DEF DEF
CENTER
TO BOOM EXTEND/
RETRACT CYLINDER
TO BOOM HOIST
CYLINDERS
TANDEM
PUMP
0-4000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
30
GPM
15
GPM
RESERVOIR
STRAINER
RETURN
FILTER
MA0461
Fig. 9.5 Frame Tilt Circuit
9-11
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Left Position
When the grille and frame tilt control lever is
placed in the “left” position”, the directional control
valve spool is positioned so that pump supply
pressure is directed through ports E to A, Fig. 9.5,
to the base (extend) end of the frame tilt cylinder
piston. If supply pressure reaches 1200 psi (82,7
bar), the frame tilt “left” relief valve, Fig. 9.2, will
open allowing hydraulic oil to return to the return
filter and reservoir, Fig. 9.5.
Return oil from the rod end of the frame tilt cylinder piston is directed back to the directional
control valve though ports B to D, Fig. 9.5, to the
return filter and reservoir. If the return filter
becomes clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the
filter when the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7
to 1,0 bar).
Right Position
When the grille and frame tilt control lever is
placed in the “right” position, the directional control
valve spool is positioned so that pump applied
pressure is directed through ports E to B, Fig. 9.5,
to the base (retract) end of the frame tilt cylinder
piston. If supply pressure reaches 1200 psi (82,7
bar), the frame tilt “right” relief valve, Fig. 9.2,
will open allowing hydraulic oil to return to the
return filter and reservoir, Fig. 9.5.
Return oil from the base end of the frame tilt
cylinder piston is directed back to the directional
control valve though ports A to D, Fig 9.5, to the
return filter and reservoir. If the return filter
becomes clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the
filter when the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7
to 1,03 bar).
Pilot-operated check valves, Fig. 9.5, in the
frame tilt cylinder permit free flow on both ends of
the cylinder piston when supply pressure is
applied to open either pilot-operated check valve.
When the grille and frame tilt control lever is not
activated, no supply pressure is applied. The two
check valves prevent any back flow of hydraulic oil
and the frame tilt cylinder is locked in position.
b. Pressure Checks and Adjustments
Frame Tilt Left Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-4000 psi (275,6 bar) at the 30
gpm section outlet of the tandem pump, Fig.
9.5.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
5. Start the engine. Operate the frame tilt control
several times to purge the system of air.
6. Allow engine to run at idle. Place the fork and
frame control lever in the “left” position and
hold until the frame tilt cylinder bottoms out.
Continue holding the lever in the “left” position
until the pressure readings are taken.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 1200 ± 50 psi (82,7 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the frame tilt “left” relief valve, Fig. 9.2,
turning the adjustment screw clockwise to
increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief
valve to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after
adjustment.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
10. Start the engine. Operate the frame tilt control
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
Frame Tilt Right Relief Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
9-12
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-4000 psi (275,6 bar) at the 30
gpm section outlet of the tandem pump, Fig.
9.5.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
5. Start the engine. Operate the frame tilt control
several times to purge the system of air.
6. Allow engine to run at idle. Place the fork and
frame control lever in the “right” position and
hold until the frame tilt cylinder bottoms out.
Continue holding the lever in the “right”
position until the pressure readings are taken.
turning the adjustment screw clockwise to
increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief
valve to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after
adjustment.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
10. Start the engine. Operate the frame tilt control
fully several times to purge the system of air.
11. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
c. Testing
The frame tilt circuit should be tested whenever
repairs or adjustments are made to components of
the circuit :
1. Start the engine, park the forklift on level
ground and level the frame.
2. Check for signs of leakage of hydraulic oil
from circuit hoses and other components.
Correct any leakage problem before testing.
3. Operate the frame tilt control several times to
purge the system of air if necessary.
4. Starting with the frame tilted fully to the left, tilt
the frame fully to the right at full engine speed.
The time required for frame tilt right should be
8 to 12 seconds (no load).
5. Starting with the frame tilted fully to the right,
tilt the frame fully to the left at full engine
speed. The time required for frame tilt left
should be 7 to 11 seconds (no load).
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to check performance.
7. If the frame tilt test does not meet performance requirements, locate the cause of the
problem and correct before putting the vehicle
into service.
7. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 1200 ± 50 psi (82,7 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the frame tilt “right” relief valve, Fig. 9.2,
9-13
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
and during initial start-up before the tandem pump
is fully operational. This pump is driven by an
electric motor; it also draws fluid through the
suction strainer in the reservoir.
9.1.5 Brake Circuits
a. Description
Hydraulic pressure is normally applied in the
service and park lock brake circuits by the 15 gpm
section (front half) of the tandem pump, which
draws its fluid through a suction strainer in the
reservoir, Fig. 9.6. A pressure of 575 ± 25 psi
(39,6 ± 1,7 bar) is maintained on the service
brakes and park lock by the sequence valve. This
pressure is reduced to 525 ± 25 psi (36,2 ± 1,7
bar) at the pressure reducing valve prior to
entering the solenoid-operated park lock release
valve and pedal-operated service brake valve.
The steering and emergency brake pump is
controlled by a oil pressure switch on the engine
which senses the engine oil pressure. When the
ignition switch is in RUN position and the pressure
switch is closed at oil pressure below 4 psi (0,3
bar), the steering and emergency brake pump is
energized and the pump will run. Output of the
pump is 3 gpm at approximately 1500 psi (104
bar). When the pressure rises above 4 psi (0,3
bar), (engine running), the oil pressure switch
opens to stop the steering and emergency brake
pump.
Steering and Emergency Brake Pump
The steering and emergency brake pump, Fig.
9.6, provides limited backup hydraulic supply
pressure to the steering and brake circuits in the
event of engine stoppage or tandem pump failure
Service Brake Valve
When the brake pedal in the operator’s cab is
not depressed, the brake valve spool is spring-
0-1000 psi PRESSURE
GAUGE INSTALLED IN
PARK LOCK BLEEDER
DISENGAGED
A
ENGAGED
B
C
D C
TO POWER
STEERING
UNIT
STEERING AND
EMERGENCY
BRAKE PUMP
M
PARK
LOCK
D
0-1000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
PARK LOCK
RELEASE
VALVE
SERVICE
BRAKE
VALVE
SEQUENCE
VALVE
3
GPM
BRAKES
APPLIED
A
PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE
TANDEM
PUMP
30
GPM
0-4000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
BRAKES NOT
APPLIED
C
B
D
C
D
RESERVOIR
SERVICE BRAKE VALVE
POSITIONS
15
GPM
STRAINER
MA0472
Fig. 9.6 Brake Circuits
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-14
Section 9. Hydraulic System
positioned so that hydraulic flow is blocked at port
C, Fig. 9.6: no pressure is applied to the service
brakes. Return flow from the service brakes
passes through ports B to D to the reservoir.
When the brake pedal in the operator’s cab is
depressed, the brake valve spool is positioned so
that flow is directed through ports C to A, Fig. 9.6,
to the service brake pistons. As pressure is applied, the pistons press the brake discs together
slowing or stopping the wheel. The brake pedal will
return to the up position when released.
Park Lock Release Valve
When the park lock switch on the instrument panel
is placed in the engaged (up) position, the park
lock release valve solenoid is de-energized and
the valve spool is spring positioned so that hydraulic flow from the park lock piston is directed through
ports B to C in the park lock release valve, Fig. 9.6.
With no pressure on the park lock piston, the park
lock springs force the discs together, this engages
the park lock. With the park lock release valve
solenoid in the de-energized position, pressurized
hydraulic oil is blocked at port D. The park lock
light on the dash will illuminate whenever the park
lock is engaged and the ignition switch is in RUN
position.
When the park lock switch on the instrument panel
is placed in the disengaged (down) position, the
park lock release valve solenoid is energized and
the valve spool is positioned so that the hydraulic
flow is directed through ports D to A, in the park
lock release valve, Fig. 9.6, to the park lock. With
hydraulic pressure being applied to the park lock
piston, the park lock springs are compressed.
Which disengages the park lock discs.
IMPORTANT: Never engage the park lock while
the machine is in motion. The park lock is not
designed to be used as a means to slow or stop
machine travel and could be damaged as a result.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-4000 psi (275,6 bar) in the 15
gpm section outlet of the tandem pump, Fig.
9.6.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
5. Start the engine and allow it to run at idle.
6. Check the pressure gauge reading at the
tandem pump.
7. Pressure gauge reading should read 575 ± 25
psi (39,6 ± 1,7 bar). If not, adjust the sequence valve, turning the adjustment screw
clockwise to increase pressure or counterclockwise to decrease pressure.
8. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
9. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
10. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
b. Pressure Checks and Adjustments
Sequence Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
9-15
Pressure Reducing Valve
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-1000 psi (68,9 bar) on a service
brake, Fig. 9.6.
Warning !
c. Testing
The service brakes should be tested whenever
repairs or adjustments are made to components of
the circuit.
1. Start the engine, park the forklift on level
ground and level the frame.
2. Check for signs of leakage of hydraulic oil
from circuit hoses and other components.
Correct any leakage problem before testing.
3. Bleed the brake system as described in
paragraph 9.3.2 if necessary.
4. Drive the unloaded forklift down a paved road
at road speed in third gear (approximately
11.5 mph).
5. Apply the service brakes. The forklift should
stop within 15 feet.
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to recheck performance.
5. Install a pressure gauge capable of measuring
1000 psi (68,9 bar) on the park lock bleeder
fitting, Fig. 9.6.
8. Place the range select lever in 2nd gear. With
the service brakes applied, the forklift should
not move when the park lock is disengaged in
either forward or reverse.
6. Start the engine and allow it to idle.
7. Park the forklift on level ground and engage
the park lock.
7. Depress the brake pedal and continue to hold
until a pressure gauge reading is taken at a
service brake.
9. If the service brakes do not meet performance
requirements, locate the cause of the problem
and correct before putting the vehicle into
service.
8. Place the park lock switch in the disengaged
(down) position and check the pressure gauge
reading at the park lock bleeder fitting.
The park lock should be tested whenever repairs
or adjustments are made to park lock components.
9. Pressure gauge readings should read 525 ±
25 psi (36,2 ± 1,7 bar). If not, adjust the
pressure reducing valve, turning the adjustment screw clockwise to increase or counterclockwise to decrease pressure.
10. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic
controls after the engine has stopped to
relieve any trapped pressure.
11. Remove the pressure gauges and tees from
the service brake and park lock and reconnect
the hydraulic lines.
12. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
1. Start the engine, park the forklift on level
ground and level the frame.
2. With the park lock engaged, place range
select lever in 2nd gear and travel select lever
in “F” (forward). The vehicle should not move
when full throttle is applied.
3. With the park lock engaged, place range
select lever in 2nd gear and travel select lever
in “R” (reverse). The vehicle should not move
when full throttle is applied.
4. If the park lock test does not meet performance requirements, locate the cause of the
problem and correct before putting the vehicle
into service.
9-16
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.1.6 Power Steering Circuit
a. Description
1. Hydraulic pressure is applied in the power
steering circuit by the 15 gpm section (front
half) of the tandem pump, which draws its
fluid through a suction strainer in the reservoir, Fig. 9.7.
2. When the steering wheel is turned, the sequence valve, Fig. 9.7, opens, permitting
supply pressure to be directed to the power
steering unit. If the supply pressure reaches
2475 ± 25 psi (170,5 ±1,7 bar), the steering
relief valve will be piloted open to allow
hydraulic oil to flow to the return filter and
reservoir.
3. The power steering unit consists of control
valve and metering sections, Fig. 9.7:
• The control valve section contains a
mechanically actuated linear spool which
is torsion bar centered and is of the open
center type. It directs fluid to and from the
metering section and steering cylinders
and regulates the pressure supplied to the
steering cylinders.
• The metering section consists of a
commutator and a bidirectional gerotor
element. It meters (measures) the amount
of fluid sent to the steering cylinders.*
*Forklifts S/N 8F0235 and before may have a
counterbalance valve, Fig. 9.7.
4. The steering and emergency brake pump,
Fig. 9.7, provides limited backup hydraulic
supply pressure to the steering and brake
circuits in the event of engine stoppage or
tandem pump failure and during initial start-up
before the tandem pump is fully operational.
This pump is driven by an electric motor; it
also draws fluid through the suction strainer in
the reservoir.
The steering and emergency brake pump is
controlled by a oil pressure switch on the
engine which senses the engine oil pressure.
When the ignition switch is in RUN position
and the pressure switch is closed at oil
pressure below 4 psi (0,3 bar), the steering
and emergency brake pump is energized and
the pump will run. Output of the pump is 3
gpm at approximately 1500 psi (104 bar).
9-17
When the pressure rises above 4 psi (0,3 bar),
(engine running), the oil pressure switch
opens to stop the steering and emergency
brake pump.
No Steering Action
When no steering maneuver is being accomplished, the power steering control valve spool is
in the center or neutral position and fluid from the
tandem pump circulates through ports F to E, Fig.
9.7, of the control valve section directly back to the
reservoir. No fluid is directed to the steer select
valve or the steering cylinders.
Left Turn - 2 Wheel Steer
When a left turn is being made with the steering
select switch in 2 wheel steer (center position):
1. The power steering control valve spool is
shifted so that supply pressure is applied
through ports F to B, Fig. 9.7, to the intake
side of the power steering unit metering
section.
2. A measured amount of hydraulic oil is exhausted from the metering section and routed
back to the control valve section where it is
channeled through ports C to D to port J in the
steer select valve.
3. Both steer select valve solenoids are deenergized. Oil is channeled through ports J to I
of the steer select valve to the rod (retract)
end of the right front steering cylinder and
the base (extend) end of the left front steering cylinder.
4. Return hydraulic oil from the cylinders flows
through ports A to E of the power steering
control valve section to the return filter and
reservoir.
Left Turn - 4 Wheel Steer
When a left turn is being made with the steering
select switch in 4 wheel steer (up position):
1. The power steering control valve spool is
shifted so that supply pressure is applied
through ports F to B, Fig. 9.7, to the intake
side of the power steering unit metering
section.
2. A measured amount of hydraulic oil is exhausted from the metering section and routed
back to the control valve section where it is
channeled through ports C to D to port J in the
steer select valve.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
LEFT REAR
STEERING
CYLINDER
RIGHT REAR
STEERING
CYLINDER
STEER SELECT VALVE
RIGHT FRONT
STEERING
CYLINDER
CRAB
G H
I J
COUNTERBALANCE
VALVE
MAIN
CONTROL
VALVE
4-WHEEL
G
H
I J
2-WHEEL
G H
I J
LEFT FRONT
STEERING
CYLINDER
METERING
SECTION
CONTROL
VALVE
SECTION
POWER STEERING UNIT
RIGHT TURN
LEFT TURN
A B CD ABCD ABC D
STEER
RELIEF
VALVE
VALVE
SECTIONS
E
STEERING AND
EMERGENCY
BRAKE PUMP
0-4000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
F E
F
NO STEER
E
F
SEQUENCE
VALVE
M
TO PRESSURE
REDUCING VALVE
3
GPM
RESERVOIR
TANDEM
PUMP
30
GPM
15
GPM
STRAINER
RETURN
FILTER
MA0481
Fig. 9.7 Power Steering Circuit
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-18
Section 9. Hydraulic System
3. The steer select valve solenoid is energized
and shifts the valve spool. Oil is channeled
through ports J to G and to the retract side of
the left rear steering cylinder and the extend
side of the right rear steering cylinder.
4. Return oil from each of the rear steering
cylinders passes through steer select valve
ports H to I to the retract side of the right
front steering cylinder and extend side of the
left front steering cylinder.
5. Return oil from each of the front steering
cylinders flows through ports A to E of power
steering control valve section to the return
filter and reservoir.
3. Supply oil is routed from port A to the extend
side of the right front steering cylinder and
the retract side of the left front steering
cylinder.
4. Since both steer select valve solenoids are deenergized, return hydraulic oil from the front
cylinders circulates through select steer valve
ports I to J and power steering control valve
section ports D to E to the return filter and
reservoir.
Right Turn - 4 Wheel Steer
When a right turn is being made with the steering
select switch in 4 wheel steer (up position):
When a left turn is being made with the steering
select switch in crab steer (down position):
1. The power steering control valve spool is
shifted so that supply pressure is applied
through ports F to C, Fig. 9.7, to the intake
side of the power steering metering section.
1. The power steering control valve spool is
shifted so that supply pressure is applied
through ports F to B, Fig. 9.7, to the intake
side of the power steering metering section.
2. A measured amount of hydraulic oil is exhausted from the metering section and routed
back to the control valve section where it is
channeled through ports B to A.
2. A measured amount of hydraulic oil is exhausted from the metering section and routed
back to the control valve section where it is
channeled through ports C to D to port J in the
steer select valve.
3. Supply oil is routed from port A to the extend
side of the right front steering cylinder and
the retract side of the left front steering
cylinder.
Left Turn - Crab Steer
3. The steer select valve solenoid is energized
and shifts the valve spool. Oil is channeled
through ports J to H and to the retract side of
the right rear steering cylinder and the
extend side of the left rear steering cylinder.
4. Return oil from each of the front steering
cylinders passes through the solenoid-energized select steer valve from ports I to H to the
retract side of the right rear steering cylinder
and the extend side of the left rear steering
cylinder.
4. Return oil from each of the rear steering
cylinders passes through select steer valve
ports G to I to the retract side of the right
front steering cylinder and the extend side of
the left front steering cylinder.
5. Return oil from each of the rear steering
cylinders flows through steer select valve ports
G to J and power steering control valve
section ports D to E to the return filter and
reservoir.
5. Return oil from each of the front steering
cylinders flows through ports A to E of the
power steering control valve section to the
return filter and reservoir.
Right Turn - Crab Steer
When a right turn is being made with the steering
select switch in crab steer (down position):
When a right turn is being made with the steering
select switch in 2 wheel steer (center position):
1. The power steering control valve spool is
shifted so that supply pressure is applied
through ports F to C, Fig. 9.7, to the intake
side of the power steering metering section.
1. The power steering control valve spool is
shifted so that supply pressure is applied
through ports F to C, Fig. 9.7, to the intake
side of the power steering metering section.
2. A measured amount of hydraulic oil is exhausted from the metering section and routed
back to the control valve where it is channeled
through ports B to A.
2. A measured amount of hydraulic oil is exhausted from the metering section and routed
back to the control valve section where it is
channeled through ports B to A.
3. Supply oil is routed from port A to the extend
side of the right front steering cylinder and
the retract side of the left front steering
cylinder.
Right Turn - 2 Wheel Steer
9-19
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
4. Return oil from each of the front steering
cylinders passes through the solenoid-energized select steer valve from ports I to G to the
extend side of the right rear steering cylinder and the retract side of the left rear
steering cylinder.
5. Return oil from each of the rear steering
cylinders flows through select steer valve ports
H to J and power steering control valve
section ports D to E to the return filter and
reservoir.
b. Pressure Checks and Adjustments
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
7. Increase engine speed to full throttle and
check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read between 575 ± 25 psi (39,6 ± 1,7 bar). If
not, adjust the sequence valve by turning the
adjustment screw clockwise to increase
pressure or counterclockwise to decrease
pressure.
8. Turn the steering wheel completely left or right
and hold while checking the pressure gauge
reading. It should read 2475 ± 25 psi (170,5
±1,7 bar). If not, adjust the steering relief valve
by turning the adjustment screw clockwise to
increase relief pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease relief pressure.
9. Stop the engine and operate the steering
wheel after the engine has stopped to relieve
any trapped pressure.
10. Place the ignition switch in RUN position so
that steering and emergency brake pump will
run. Check the pressure gauge reading
(output of pump). Pressure should be 1500
psi minimum.
11. Turn off the ignition. Repeat step 2.
2. Operate the steering wheel after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-4000 psi (275,6 bar) in the 15
gpm section outlet of the tandem pump, Fig.
9.7.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
5. Start the engine and allow it to idle (1000
rpm).
6. Turn the steering wheel fully left to right and
back (lock to lock) several times in all three
steering modes until they operate smoothly.
This should purge the steering system of air.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
12. If the steering or emergency pump does not
work properly, locate the cause of the problem
and correct before putting the vehicle into
service.
13. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
14. Start the engine. Operate the steering wheel
several times to purge the system of air (step
6).
15. Install the transmission cover after adjustment
or repair.
9.1.7 Optional Auxiliary Circuit
a. Description
Hydraulic pressure is applied in the optional
auxiliary circuit by the 30 gpm section of the
tandem pump, which draws its fluid through a
suction strainer in the reservoir, Fig. 9.8. Supply
pressure is directed to either a male or female
quick connect at the front of the boom by the
shifting of a spool in a directional control valve
found in the main control valve assembly. The
spool is shifted by an auxiliary control lever and
its associated control cable. The auxiliary circuit
supplies hydraulic pressure for use on various
hydraulically operated attachments. Auxiliary
control lever positions are as follows:
9-20
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Center Position
Forward Position
When the auxiliary control lever is placed in the
center or neutral position, the directional control
valve spool is positioned so that supply pressure is
applied through ports F to C, Fig. 9.8, to the return
filter and reservoir. If the filter becomes clogged,
hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
When the auxiliary control lever is placed in the
forward position, the directional control valve spool
is positioned so that pump applied pressure is
directed through ports E to A, Fig. 9.8, to the
female auxiliary quick connect coupler. Return
pressure is directed through ports B to D to the
return filter and reservoir. If the filter becomes
clogged, hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when
the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03
bar).
MAIN CONTROL
VALVE
TO AUXILIARY
ATTACHMENTS
MALE
DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVE
POSITIONS
BACKWARD
FORWARD
BACKWARD
A BC
A B C A B C
FEMALE FORWARD
D E F
TO FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
D E F
D E F
CENTER
TO GRILLE TILT AND
SLAVE CYLINDERS
TO BOOM EXTEND/
RETRACT CYLINDER
TO BOOM HOIST
CYLINDERS
TANDEM
PUMP
0-4000 psi
PRESSURE
GAUGE
30
GPM
15
GPM
RESERVOIR
STRAINER
RETURN
FILTER
MA0491
Fig. 9.8 Optional Auxiliary Circuit
9-21
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Backward Position
When the auxiliary control lever is placed in the
backward position, the directional control valve
spool is positioned so that pump applied pressure
is directed through ports E to B, Fig. 9.8, to the
male quick connect coupler. Return pressure is
directed through ports A to D to the return filter
and reservoir. If the filter becomes clogged,
hydraulic oil will bypass the filter when the pressure reaches 10 to 15 psi (0,7 to 1,03 bar).
b. Pressure Checks and Adjustments
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Remove the transmission cover from the
frame.
4. Install a tee and pressure gauge capable of
measuring 0-4000 psi (275,6 bar) in the 30
gpm section outlet of the tandem pump, Fig.
9.8.
5. Start the engine and maintain engine speed at
1000 rpm.
6. Operate the auxiliary control function several
times to purge the system of air.
7. Place the auxiliary control lever in the forward
position and hold until the pressure readings
are taken.
8. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 3,000 ± 50 psi (206,7 ± 3,4 bar).
If not, adjust the main relief valve, Fig. 9.2, by
turning the adjustment screw clockwise to
increase pressure or counterclockwise to
decrease pressure. Torque nuts on relief
valve to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m) after
adjustment.
9. Place the auxiliary control lever in the backward position and hold until the pressure
readings are taken.
10. Check the pressure gauge reading. It should
read 3,000 ± 50 psi (206,7 ± 3,4 bar). If not,
adjust the main relief valve, Fig. 9.2, by turning
the adjustment screw clockwise to increase
pressure or counterclockwise to decrease
pressure.
11. Stop the engine. Operate the hydraulic control
after the engine has stopped to relieve any
trapped pressure.
12. Remove the pressure gauge and tee from the
tandem pump and reconnect the hydraulic
line.
13. Start the engine. Operate the auxiliary control
fully several times to purge the system of air.
14. Install the transmission cover after adjustment.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-22
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.2
CYLINDERS
Rebuild cylinders only in a clean, well lighted area
where you can carefully inspect all components. If
a cylinder is to remain dismantled for any lengthy
period, coat the metal parts that are to be reused
with a good preservative and place in protective
storage. Refer to specific instructions for removal,
rebuilding and installation of each cylinder.
a. General Disassembly Instructions
Warning !
Take care when applying heat to parts to
prevent severe burns. Avoid the use of excessive heat which will damage parts and make
them unusable.
4. Do not overstretch seals, wipers and O-rings.
Make sure that seals, wipers and O-rings are
not twisted or distorted in their grooves.
5. Lubricate piston seals and seal installation
path with clean hydraulic oil from a filtered
supply.
6. Use a suitable compression tool when installing glands into cylinders to prevent damage to
the seals and O-rings. Place a little hydraulic
oil on the seals and outside of glands to aid in
installation.
7. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when
applying primer, locking or retaining compounds which are specified in reassembly
procedures. The use of primer is recommended in some cases to decrease cure time.
Allow sealant compounds to cure fully. The
curing process may be hastened by the use of
a heat gun to blow warm, dry air on the parts.
Some parts of cylinders are sealed with a “special
organic” sealant and locking compound. Before
you attempt to disassemble these parts, remove
any accessible seals from the area of the bonded
joint. Wipe off any hydraulic oil and heat the joint
uniformly to break the bond. A temperature of 300
to 400 °F (149 to 204 °C) will destroy the bond
strength of the sealant. Avoid overheating or the
parts may become distorted or damaged. Apply
sufficient torque or pressure for removal while
parts are still hot. Breakdown of sealant will leave
a white powdery residue on threads and parts
which must be removed by brushing with a soft
brass wire brush prior to reassembly.
8. Following reassembly, test cylinder at low
operating pressure to be sure the piston and
rod are moving freely in both directions.
Do not attempt to salvage cylinder seals or sealing
rings. Any hydraulic component must always be
serviced with a complete seal kit during a component rebuild. Repair kits are available.
a. Removal
9. Increase the operating pressure to the maximum recommended for the cylinder and check
for external leakage and free movement in
both directions.
10. Prepare cylinder for installation by retracting
piston and capping and plugging the ports.
9.2.1 Boom Hoist Cylinder
1. Support the boom, Fig. 9.9, in a horizontal
position with blocking.
b. General Cleaning Instructions
Clean all reusable metal parts thoroughly after
disassembly and prior to inspection. Use an
approved solvent such as trichlorethylene.
c. General Assembly Instructions
1. Before reassembly, be sure parts are clean
and free from foreign matter. Use an approved solvent such as trichlorethylene for
cleaning.
2. Protect the finish on the rod at all times.
Damage to the rod can cause premature seal
failure.
3. Use proper tool for specific installation task.
Clean tools required for installation before use.
9-23
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
3. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
4. Support the cylinder with a sling or other
suitable device.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
IMPORTANT: Do not attempt to reset the boom
hoist cylinder counterbalance valves. If replacement is necessary, replace both left and right hoist
cylinder cartridges at the same time with new
ones.
5. Using a pin spanner wrench, unscrew the
gland (14) from the tube.
5. Remove pin and its locking capscrew and lock
nut securing the boom hoist cylinder rod to the
outer boom.
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
6. Start the engine and fully retract cylinder.
6. Pull the rod (17) and attached parts straight
out of the tube.
7. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from the
cylinder and cap or plug the open connections.
8. Remove the pin and snap rings securing the
boom hoist cylinder to the frame.
9. Remove the cylinder from the forklift using a
strap sling and hoist or other suitable lifting
equipment.
b. Disassembly of Boom Hoist Cylinder
with "TJB" Stamping
1. Remove all dirt and grease from the cylinder.
2. Fasten the cylinder in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Do not
damage the tube.
3. If necessary to replace, remove the grease
fittings (5, Fig. 9.10) and plugs (4 and 6).
4. Remove the counterbalance valve (1) with Orings (2) and backup rings (3) from the tube
(7).
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly in the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston (9).
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
7. Remove the piston seal (10) from the piston.
8. Fasten the eye end of the rod (17) in a softjawed vise and put a padded support below
the rod near the piston to prevent damage to
the rod.
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to break
the bond of the sealant between nut (8) and rod
(17) before the piston can be removed. Refer to
paragraph 9.2a.
9. Remove the nut (8), piston (9), and gland (14)
from the rod.
10. Remove the O-ring (11) from the inside of the
piston.
SLAVE CYLINDER
HOIST CYLINDER
OPTIONAL SIDE TILT CARRIAGE CYLINDER
IS SHOWN IN FIGURE 9.20
EXTEND CYLINDER
FRAME TILT CYLINDER
GRILLE TILT CYLINDER
MA0501
Fig. 9.9 Hydraulic Cylinders
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-24
Section 9. Hydraulic System
11. Remove the O-ring (12), backup ring (13),
wiper (16) and rod seal (15) from the gland.
c. Cleaning
1. Discard all seals and backup rings. Replace
with a complete new seal kit.
12. If the bushing (18) needs replacement,
support the rod (17) in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Carefully
press or drive bushing from the rod eye.
2. Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene. Be sure to
carefully clean cavities and grooves.
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to break
the bond of the sealant between bushing (18) and
rod (17) before the bushing can be removed.
Refer to paragraph 9.2a.
1. Check that the rod (17, Fig. 9.10) is straight. If
the rod is bent, install new rod.
16
18
5
15
13
12
14
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Counterbalance Valve
O-ring (3)
Backup Ring (3)
Plug
Grease Fitting (2)
Plug
Cylinder Tube
Nut
Piston
Piston Seal
O-ring
O-ring
Backup Ring
Gland
Rod Seal
Wiper
Rod
Bearing
17
13
12
7
11
16
4
10
15
3
2
9
6
1
MA0511
5
Fig. 9.10 Boom Hoist Cylinder Exploded View
9-25
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
2. Inspect the inside of the tube (7) for scoring
and other damage. If the tube is damaged,
replace with new tube.
9. Lubricate the inside of the tube, outside of the
piston, seal (10) and O-ring (12) with clean
hydraulic oil.
3. Remove small scratches on the rod or inside
the tube with emery cloth of very fine grit. Use
the emery cloth with a rotary motion.
10. Apply a compression sleeve or other suitable
tool to the gland in order to compress the Oring (12) on the gland. Insert the assembled
piston, rod and gland into the tube (7). Using
a pin spanner wrench, thread the gland into
tube. Remove the compression tool
4. Remove staking burrs from the nut (8) and the
bottom of piston (9) with a fine file. Clean parts
with trichlorethylene after repair.
e. Assembly
NOTE: Follow general assembly instructions in
paragraph 9.2c.
1. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Retaining Compound 609 to the outside diameter of the
bushing (18, Fig. 9.10) in accordance with the
manufacturer's instructions. Press the bushing
into position in the eye of rod so that the
bushing is located an equal distance from each
side of the rod eye. Allow the compound to
cure.
2. Install a new rod seal (15), wiper (16), backup
ring (13) and O-ring (12) on the gland (14) as
shown in Fig. 9.10.
NOTE: The wiper lips should be toward the outer
end of the gland and the rod seal lips toward the
inner end of the gland. Use tools that will not
damage the seal or wiper. If the backup ring is not
flat on both sides, the side with the arc must be
toward the O-ring.
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly into the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston
seal. Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to
prevent binding.
11. Install new O-rings (2) and backup rings (3)
on counterbalance valve (1). Use new valve
if the valve was removed for replacement.
Lubricate outside of the valve with clean
filtered hydraulic oil. Install the valve and
torque to 45 lb-ft (61,2 N m).
12. If removed for replacement, install new plugs
(4 and 6) and grease fittings (5).
13. Following reassembly, test the cylinder at low
operating pressure (100 psi or 6,9 bar) to be
sure the piston and rod are moving freely in
both directions.
14. Increase the operating pressure to the
maximum (4000 psi or 275,6 bar) for the
cylinder and check for external leakage and
free movement in both directions.
3. Fasten the rod eye in a soft-jawed vise. Put a
padded support below and near the other end
of the rod to prevent damage to the rod.
15. Prepare the cylinder for installation by
retracting the piston and capping and plugging the ports.
4. Push the assembled gland onto the rod (17). If
necessary, use a soft hammer to drive the
gland onto the rod.
f.
5. Install new O-ring (8) into internal groove on
the inside of the piston (9). Carefully push the
piston (6) onto the rod to avoid damage to the
O-ring.
6. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Threadlocker 271
to the threads on the nut (8) in accordance with
the manufacturer’s instructions. Install the nut
on the rod and torque to 575 to 625 lb-ft (782
to 850 N m). Stake the nut in four places.
Allow the Threadlocker to cure.
7. Install a new piston seal (10) on the piston.
8. Fasten the tube (7) in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Be careful
not to damage the tube.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Installation
1. Lubricate the hoist cylinder pivot pins with
multi-purpose lithium-based grease
2. Using suitable lifting device, install the boom
hoist cylinder, Fig. 9.9, on the forklift securing
the base end to the frame with pivot pin and
snap rings.
3. Remove all plugs or caps from hydraulic lines
and securely tighten lines to the cylinder.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
9-26
Section 9. Hydraulic System
4. Have a helper start the forklift engine.
5. Position the hoist cylinder so that the rod is
aligned with the rod end mounting holes as
much as possible.
6. Instruct the operator to raise or lower the hoist
cylinder slowly until the rod end eye is aligned
with the outer boom mounting holes. Secure
the rod end to the boom with pivot pin and its
locking capscrew and locknut.
7. Raise the boom as far as it will go; then lower
it as far as it will go five times or until the
operation of the boom hoist cylinders is normal
(no jerks or spongy feel).
8. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
9. Test boom hoist/lower circuit operation as
described in paragraph 9.1.1c.
9.2.2 Boom Extend Cylinder
a. Removal
1. Retract the boom and support it in a horizontal
and level position with blocking.
2. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
3. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
7. Remove the rod end pin and retaining rings
attaching the rod end of the extend cylinder to
the intermediate boom.
8. Remove the base end pin and retaining rings
securing the base end of the cylinder to the
outer boom.
9. Remove the cylinder from the forklift using a
strap sling and hoist or other suitable equipment.
b. Disassembly
1. Remove all dirt and grease from the cylinder.
2. Fasten the cylinder in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Do not
damage the tube.
3. Remove the counterbalance valve (14, Fig.
9.12), pilot check valve (15) and related Orings (18) and backup rings (19) from the tube
(13).
IMPORTANT: Do not attempt to reset the extend
cylinder counterbalance valve cartridge. If replacement is necessary, replace the cartridge with
a new one.
4. Using a pin spanner wrench, unscrew the
gland (12, Fig. 9.13) from the tube (13).
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
5. Pull the rod and piston assembly straight out
of the tube.
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly out of the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston (5).
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
6. Remove piston seal (4) from the piston.
Warning !
ANTI-BUCKLE BAR
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
4. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from the extend
cylinder and cap or plug open connections.
ROD
END PIN
EXTEND
CYLINDER
BASE END
PIN
5. Remove the anti-buckle bar, Fig. 9.11.
6. Support the extend cylinder with a sling or
other suitable device.
9-27
MA0521
Fig. 9.11 Boom Extend Cylinder Removal
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to
break the bond of the sealant between piston (5),
setscrew (6) and rod (1) before the piston can be
removed. Refer to paragraph 9.2a.
11. If necessary, remove the plugs (16) from
bottom inside of the tube (13)
7. Remove setscrew (6) and nylon setscrew (7)
securing piston (5) in place on rod (1).
1. Discard all seals and backup rings. Replace
with a complete new seal kit.
8. Unscrew the piston from rod. Remove O-ring
(8) from inside of the piston.
2. Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene. Be sure to
carefully clean all cavities and grooves.
9. Slide stop tube (9) and gland (12) from the
rod.
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
c. Cleaning
1. Check that the rod (1, Fig. 9.12) is straight. If
the rod is bent, install new rod.
10. Remove O-ring (10), backup ring (11), wiper
(2), rod seal (3), and step seal (17) from the
gland.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Rod
Wiper
Rod Seal
Piston Seal
Piston
Setscrew
Setscrew (Nylon)
O-ring
Stop Tube
O-ring
Backup Ring
Gland
Cylinder Tube
Counterbalance Valve
Pilot Check Valve
Plug (2)
Step Seal
O-ring (6)
Backup Ring (6)
2 3 17
17
3
2
10
11
1
4
5
8
9
10
11
7
19
6
18
18
15
19
12
14
16
13
MA0532
Fig. 9.12 Boom Extend Cylinder Exploded View
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-28
Section 9. Hydraulic System
2. Inspect inside of the tube (13) for deep scoring
and other damage. If the tube is damaged,
replace with new tube.
3. Remove small scratches on the rod or inside
the tube with emery cloth of very fine grit. Use
the emery cloth with a rotary motion.
e. Assembly
NOTE: Follow general assembly instructions in
paragraph 9.2c.
1. Install a new O-ring (10), backup ring (11),
wiper (2), rod seal (3), and step seal (17) on
the gland as shown in Fig. 9.12.
NOTE: Wiper lip should be toward outer end of
gland and rod seal lips (3) and the step of step
seal (17) toward the inner end of the gland. Use
tools that will not damage the seals. If the backup
ring (11) is not flat on both sides, the side with the
arc must be toward O-ring (10).
a pin spanner wrench, thread the gland into
tube. Remove the compression tool.
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly in the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston seal.
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
14. Install new O-rings (18) and backup rings (19)
on the counterbalance valve (14) and pilot
check valve (15). Use new valves if either or
both valves were removed for replacement.
Lubricate outside of the valves with clean
filtered hydraulic oil. Install the valves and
torque them to 45 lb-ft (61,2 N m).
15. Following reassembly, test the cylinder at low
operating pressure (100 psi or 6,9 bar) to be
sure the piston and rod are moving freely in
both directions.
2. Fasten the rod eye in a soft-jawed vise. Place
a padded support below and near end of rod
to prevent damage to rod (1).
16. Increase the operating pressure to the maximum (4000 psi or 275,6 bar) for the cylinder
and check for external leakage and free
movement in both directions.
3. Slide the assembled gland and seals onto the
rod. If necessary, use a soft hammer to drive
the gland on the rod.
17. Prepare the cylinder for installation by retracting the piston and capping and plugging the
ports.
4. Slide the stop tube (9) onto the rod.
f.
5. Install new O-ring (8) inside internal groove on
inside of piston (5).
1. Using suitable lifting device, install the boom
extend cylinder, Fig. 9.9, on the forklift securing the base end of the extend cylinder to the
outer boom with a pin and retaining rings.
6. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Compound 609 to
inside threads of piston in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions. Carefully screw
piston completely onto the rod.
7. Apply Loctite® Threadlocker 242 to setscrews
(6 and 7) and install them in the piston.
8. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Compound 609 to
outside diameter of rod next to piston. Slide
stop tube (9) down the rod and against the
piston. Allow sealants to cure.
9. Install new piston seal (4) on piston.
10. Fasten cylinder tube (13) in a soft-jawed vise
or other acceptable holding equipment.
11. If removed, install two plugs (16) in the bottom
of the cylinder tube.
12. Lubricate inside of the tube and outside of the
piston and gland with clean hydraulic oil.
13. Apply a compression sleeve or other suitable
tool to the gland in order to compress O-ring
(10) on the gland. Insert the assembled
piston, rod and gland into the tube (13). Using
9-29
Installation
2. Remove all plugs or caps from the hydraulic
lines and securely tighten the lines to the
cylinder.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
3. Have a helper start the forklift engine.
4. Position the extend cylinder so that the rod is
aligned with the rod end mounting holes as
much as possible.
5. Instruct the operator to extend or retract the
cylinder slowly until the rod end eye is aligned
with the intermediate boom mounting holes.
Secure the rod end to the boom with pin and
retaining rings.
6. Install the anti-buckle bar, Fig. 9.11.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
7. Extend the boom as far as it will go; then the
retract it as far as it will go five times or until
the operation of the boom extend cylinder is
normal (no jerks or spongy feel).
8. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
9. Test boom extend/retract circuit operation as
described in paragraph 9.1.2c.
9.2.3 Slave Cylinder
b. Disassembly
1. Remove all dirt and grease from cylinder.
2. Fasten the cylinder in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Do not
damage the tube.
3. If necessary to replace, remove grease fittings
(13 and 14, Fig. 9.13)
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to
break the bond of the sealant between bushings
(1) and rod (12) and tube (2) before the bushings
can be removed. Refer to paragraph 9.2a.
4. Carefully press or drive out the bushings (1).
a. Removal
1. Raise the boom as required to provide access
to the slave cylinder, Fig. 9.9.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
5. Using a pin spanner wrench, unscrew the
gland (4) from the cylinder tube (2).
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
6. Pull the rod (12) and attached parts straight
out of the tube.
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly out of the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the cylinder tube do not damage the
piston (9). Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel
to prevent binding.
7. Remove the piston seal (8) from the piston .
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
4. Support the slave cylinder with a sling or other
suitable device
5. Remove the capscrew and locknut securing
the slave cylinder rod to the outer boom.
8. Fasten the eye end of the rod in a soft-jawed
vise and put a padded support below and near
the other the end of the rod to prevent damage
to the rod.
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to
break the bond of the sealant between nut (3) and
rod (12) before the piston can be removed. Refer
to paragraph 9.2a.
9. Remove the nut (3), piston (9), and gland (4)
from the rod.
10. Remove the O-ring (7) from inside of the
piston.
6. Start engine and fully retract slave cylinder.
11. Remove the O-ring (6), backup ring (5), wiper
(11) and rod seal (10) from the gland (4).
7. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from the
cylinder and cap or plug open connections.
c. Cleaning
8. Remove the retaining ring and pin securing
the slave cylinder tube to the frame.
9. Remove the cylinder from the forklift using a
strap sling and hoist or other suitable lifting
equipment.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
1. Discard all seals and backup rings. Replace
with a complete new seal kit.
2. Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene. Be sure to
carefully clean all cavities and grooves.
9-30
Section 9. Hydraulic System
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
e. Assembly
1. Check that the rod (12, Fig. 9.13) is straight. If
the rod is bent, install new rod.
NOTE: Follow general assembly instructions in
paragraph 9.2c.
2. Inspect inside of the tube (2) for scoring and
other damage. If there is any damage to tube,
replace it with new tube.
1. Install new O-ring (6, Fig. 9.13), backup ring
(5), wiper (11), and rod seal (10) on the gland
(4) as shown in Fig. 9.13.
3. Remove small scratches on the rod or inside
the tube with emery cloth of very fine grit. Use
the emery cloth with a rotary motion.
NOTE: Wiper lip should be toward outer end of
gland and piston seal lips toward the inner end of
the gland. Use tools that will not damage the seal.
If the backup ring is not flat on both sides, the side
with the arc must be toward the O-ring.
4. Remove staking burrs from the nut (3) and the
bottom of piston (9) with fine file. Clean parts
with trichlorethylene after repair.
11
10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Bushing (2)
Cylinder Tube
Locknut
Gland
Backup Ring
O-ring
O-ring
Piston Seal
Piston
Rod Seal
Wiper
Rod
Grease Fitting
Grease Fitting (90°)
5
6
1
4
3
5
13
12
6
2
7
11
10
8
1
9
14
MA0542
Fig. 9.13 Slave Cylinder Exploded View
9-31
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
2. Fasten the piston rod eye in a vise and put a
padded support below and near other end of
rod to prevent damage to the rod.
3. Push the assembled gland onto the rod (12).
If necessary, use a soft hammer to drive the
gland on the rod.
4. Install new O-ring (7) inside of piston (9).
Carefully install piston on rod to avoid damage
to the O-ring.
5. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Retaining Compound 271 to the threads of the locknut (3) in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Install the nut on the rod and torque to
450 to 500 lb-ft (612 to 680 N m). Stake the
nut in four places and allow sealants to cure.
6. Install new piston seal (8) on the piston.
7. Fasten cylinder tube (2) in a soft-jawed vise or
other suitable holding equipment. Be careful
not to damage the tube.
8. Lubricate inside of the tube, piston, and gland
O-ring (6) with clean hydraulic oil.
9. Apply a compression sleeve or other suitable
tool to the gland in order to compress the Oring (6) on the gland. Insert the assembled
piston, rod and gland into the tube (2). Using
a pin spanner wrench, thread the gland into
the tube. Remove the compression tool.
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly in the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston seal.
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
10. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Retaining Compound 609 to outside diameter of bushings (1)
in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Press bushings into both the eye of rod
and eye of cylinder tube so that the bushing is
located an equal distance from each side of
the rod eye. Allow the compound to cure.
11. If removed, install grease fittings (13 and 14).
12. Following reassembly, test the cylinder at low
operating pressure (100 psi or 6,9 bar) to be
sure the piston and rod are moving freely in
both directions.
13. Increase the operating pressure to the maximum (4000 psi or 275,6 bar) for the cylinder
and check for external leakage and free
movement in both directions.
14. Prepare the cylinder for installation by retracting the piston and capping and plugging the
ports.
f.
Installation
1. Lubricate the pivot pin with multi-purpose
lithium-based grease.
2. Using suitable lifting device, install the slave
cylinder, Fig. 9.9, on the forklift securing the
base end to the frame with a pin and snap
rings.
3. Remove all plugs or caps from the hydraulic
lines and securely tighten the lines to the
cylinder.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
4. Have a helper start the forklift engine.
5. Position the slave cylinder so that the rod is
aligned with the rod end mounting holes as
much as possible.
6. Instruct the operator to extend or retract the
cylinder slowly until the rod end eye is aligned
with the outer boom mounting holes. Secure
the slave cylinder to the outer boom with its
locking capscrew and locknut.
7. Tilt grille (forks) up fully, then down fully and
then approximately level. Raise the boom as
far as it will go; then lower it as far as it will go
five times while observing the grille. The grille
should hold in the same position during boom
raising and lowering in the last two cycles.
8. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
9. Test grille tilt circuit operation as described in
paragraph 9.1.3c.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-32
Section 9. Hydraulic System
a. Removal
5. Remove the rod end pin, Fig. 9.14, and its
locking capscrew and locknut securing the
grille tilt cylinder rod to the quick attach.
1. Remove any attachment from the quick attach
assembly.
6. Start the engine and fully retract grille tilt
cylinder.
2. Tilt the quick attach assembly fully forward
and lower it, face down, to the ground
7. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from the
cylinder and cap or plug open connections.
3. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
8. Remove the pin and snap rings securing the
grille tilt cylinder tube to the gooseneck.
9.2.4 Grille Tilt Cylinder
9. Remove cylinder from forklift using strap sling
and hoist or other suitable lifting equipment.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
4. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
1. Remove all dirt and grease from cylinder.
2. Fasten the cylinder in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Do not
damage the tube.
3. If necessary to replace, remove the grease
fittings (14 and 15).
4. Remove the counterbalance valve (13, Fig.
9.15) and three O-rings (16) and backup rings
(17) from the tube.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
5. Using a pin spanner wrench, unscrew the
gland (8) from the tube.
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
6. Pull the rod (11) and attached parts straight
out of the tube.
INNER
BOOM
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly in the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston (4).
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
BASE END PIN
7. Remove piston seal (3) from piston (4).
GOOSENECK
8. Fasten the eye of the rod in a soft-jawed vise
and put a padded support below and near
other end of rod to prevent damage to the rod.
GRILLE TILT
CYLINDER
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to
break the bond of the sealant between nut (2) and
rod (11) before the piston can be removed. Refer
to paragraph 9.2a.
QUICK ATTACHMENT
9. Remove nut (2), piston (4), and the gland (8)
from the rod.
LOCK PIN
ROD END PIN
MA0021
Fig. 9.14 Grille Tilt Cylinder Gooseneck
9-33
b. Disassembly
10. Remove the O-ring (5) from inside of the
piston.
11. Remove the O-ring (6), backup ring (7), wiper
(10) and rod seal (9) from the gland.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
2
1
15
6
7
9
10
8
10
9
16
17
7
6
5
13
4
3
14
12
MA0562
11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Cylinder Tube
Nut
Piston Seal
Piston
O-ring
O-ring
Backup Ring
Gland
Rod Seal
Wiper
Rod
Bushing
Counterbalance Valve
Grease Fitting
Grease Fitting (90°)
O-ring (3)
Backup Ring (3)
Fig. 9.15 Grille Tilt Cylinder Exploded View
12. If the bushing (12) needs replacement,
support the rod (11) in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding device. Carefully
press the bushing from the rod.
3. Remove small scratches on piston rod or
inside of tube with emery cloth of very fine grit.
Use the emery cloth with a rotary motion.
c. Cleaning
4. Remove staking burrs from the nut (2) and
bottom of the piston (4) with a fine file. Clean
parts with trichlorethylene after repair.
1. Discard all seals and backup rings. Replace
them with a complete new seal kit.
2. Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene. Be sure to
clean all cavities and grooves.
e. Assembly
NOTE: Follow general assembly instructions in
paragraph 9.2c.
1. Check that the rod (11, Fig. 9.14) is straight. If
the rod is bent, install new rod.
1. Press the bushing (12, Fig. 9.15) into position
in the eye of the rod (11) so that the grease
groove runout is located toward the center of
the eye.
2. Inspect inside of the tube (1) for scoring and
other damage. If there is any damage to the
tube, replace it with a new tube.
2. Install new O-ring (6), backup ring (7), wiper
(10), and rod seal (9) on the gland (8) as
shown in Fig. 9.15.
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-34
Section 9. Hydraulic System
and check for external leakage and free
movement in both directions.
NOTE: Wiper lip should be toward outer end of
gland and seal lips toward the inner end of the
gland. Use tools that will not damage the seals. If
the backup ring is not flat on both sides, the side
with the arc must be toward the O-ring.
15. Prepare the cylinder for installation by retracting the piston and capping and plugging the
ports.
3. Fasten the eye of the rod in a soft-jawed vise.
Put a padded support below and near end of
rod to prevent damage to the rod.
f.
4
Push the assembled gland onto the rod (11).
If necessary, use a soft hammer to drive the
gland onto the rod.
5. Install new O-ring (5) inside of piston (4).
Carefully install the piston on the rod to avoid
damage to the O-ring.
6. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Threadlocker 271
to the nut (2) in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Install the nut on the
piston rod and torque to 450 to 500 lb-ft (612
to 680 N m). Stake the nut in four places.
Allow the compound to cure.
Installation
1. Lubricate the rod end pin with a good grade of
multi-purpose lithium-based grease.
2. Using a suitable lifting device, install the grille
tilt cylinder, Fig. 9.9, on the forklift securing the
tube end to the gooseneck, Fig. 9.14, with a
pin and snap rings.
3. Remove all plugs or caps from the hydraulic
lines and securely tighten the lines to the
cylinder.
Warning !
7. Install new piston seal (3) on the piston.
8. Fasten the tube (1) in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Be
careful not to damage the tube.
9. Lubricate inside of the cylinder tube, piston,
and gland O-ring (6) with clean hydraulic oil.
10. Apply a compression sleeve or other suitable
tool to the gland in order to compress the Oring (6) on the gland. Insert the assembled
piston, rod and gland into the tube (1). Using
a pin spanner wrench, thread the gland into
the tube. Remove the compression tool
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly into the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston seal.
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
11. Install new O-rings (16) and backup rings (17)
on the counterbalance valve (13). Use new
valve if the valve was removed for replacement. Lubricate outside of the valve with
clean filtered hydraulic oil. Install the valve
and torque to 45 lb-ft (61,2 N m).
12. If removed, install grease fittings (14 and 15).
13. Following reassembly, test the cylinder at low
operating pressure (100 psi or 6,8 bar) to be
sure the piston and rod are moving freely in
both directions.
14. Increase the operating pressure to the maximum (4000 psi or 275,6 bar) for the cylinder
9-35
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
4. Have a helper start forklift engine.
5. Position the grille tilt cylinder so that the rod is
aligned with the rod end mounting holes in
quick attach as much as possible.
6. Instruct the operator to extend or retract the
cylinder slowly until the rod end eye is aligned
with the quick attach mounting holes. Secure
the rod end of the cylinder to the quick attach
with pin, capscrew and locknut.
7. Raise the boom up so that you can observe
the grille. Tilt the grille all the way back, then
all the way forward. Repeat this cycle at least
five times or until the operation of the grille tilt
circuit is normal (no jerking or spongy feel).
8. Tilt grille (forks) up fully, then down fully and
then approximately level. Raise the boom as
far as it will go; then lower it as far as it will go
five times while observing the grille. The grille
should hold in the same position during boom
raising and lowering in the last two cycles.
9. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
10. Test grille tilt circuit operation as described in
paragraph 9.1.3c.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.2.5 Frame Tilt Cylinder
a. Removal
1. Level the frame. Place blocking between
frame and axle to maintain machine stability
when frame tilt cylinder is removed.
2. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
TUBE PIVOT
PIN
FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
FRAME
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
ROD END
PIVOT PIN
MOUNTING
BLOCK
3. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
4. Remove the snap rings locking the rod end pin
in the axle mounting block. Tap the pin from
the mounting block.
5. Start the engine and fully retract the frame tilt
cylinder. Then shut engine OFF.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
6. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from cylinder
and cap or plug open connections.
7. Remove the pin, shims, capscrew, and locknut
securing the frame tilt cylinder tube to the
frame, Fig. 9.16.
8. Remove the frame tilt cylinder from the forklift
using a strap sling and hoist or other suitable
equipment.
AXLE
MA0571
Fig. 9.16 Frame Tilt Cylinder Pivot Pins
5. Pull the rod (13) and attached parts straight
out of the tube.
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly in the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston (5).
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
6. Fasten the eye of rod (13) in a soft-jawed vise
and put a padded support below and near
other end of the rod to prevent damage to the
rod.
7. Remove piston seal (10) piston.
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to break
the bond of the sealant between nut (4) and rod
(13) before the piston can be removed. Refer to
paragraph 9.2a.
8. Remove nut (4), piston (5), and the gland (8)
from the rod.
b. Disassembly
9. Remove O-ring (6) from inside of the piston.
1. Remove all dirt and grease from cylinder.
10. Remove O-ring (9), backup ring (10), wiper
(12) and rod seal (11) from the gland.
2. Fasten the frame tilt cylinder in a soft-jawed
vise or other acceptable holding equipment.
Do not damage the tube.
3. Remove both check valves (1, Fig. 9.17) and
related O-rings (15) and backup rings (16).
4. Using a pin spanner wrench, unscrew the
gland (8) from the tube.
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
11. If necessary to replace, remove grease fittings
(14) and plugs (2).
c. Cleaning
1. Discard all seals and backup rings. Replace
with a complete new seal kit.
2. Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene. Be sure to
carefully clean cavities and grooves.
9-36
Section 9. Hydraulic System
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
bottom of the piston (5) with a fine file. Clean
parts with trichlorethylene after repair.
1. Check that rod (13, Fig. 9.17) is straight. If the
rod is bent, install new rod.
e. Assembly
2. Inspect inside of the tube (3) for scoring and
other damage. If the tube is damaged,
replace with new tube.
NOTE: Follow general assembly instructions in
paragraph 9.2c.
1. If removed, install the plugs (2) and grease
fittings (14).
3. Remove small scratches on the rod or inside
of the tube with emery cloth of very fine grit.
Use the emery cloth with a rotary motion.
2. Install new O-ring (9, Fig. 9.17), backup ring
(10), wiper (12), and rod seal (11) on gland (8)
as shown in Fig. 9.17.
4. Remove staking burrs from the nut (4) and the
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Check Valve (2)
Plug (2)
Cylinder Tube
Nut
Piston
O-ring
Piston Seal
Gland
O-ring
Backup Ring
Rod Seal
Wiper
Rod
Grease Fitting (2)
O-ring (6)
Backup Ring (6)
9
10
11
12
1
14
15
16
2
8
15
16
9
1
2
3
4
10
11
12
5
6
13
7
14
MA0581
Fig. 9.17 Frame Tilt Cylinder Exploded View
9-37
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
NOTE: The wiper lip should be toward the outer
end of the gland and seal lips toward the inner end
of the gland. Use tools that will not damage the
seals. If the backup ring is not flat on both sides,
the side with the arc must be toward the O-ring.
3. Fasten the eye of the rod eye in a soft-jawed
vise and put a padded support below the other
end of the rod to prevent damage to the rod.
4. Push the assembled gland onto the rod (13).
If necessary, use a soft hammer to drive the
gland onto the rod.
5. Install new O-ring (6) inside of the piston (5).
6. Install the piston on rod.
7. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Threadlocker 271
to the nut (2) in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Install the nut on the rod
and torque to 400 to 450 lb-ft (544 to 612
N m). Stake the nut in four places.
8. Install a new piston seal (7) on the piston.
9. Fasten the cylinder tube (3) in a soft-jawed
vise or other acceptable holding equipment.
Be careful not to damage the tube.
10. Lubricate the inside of the tube, piston, and
gland O-ring (9) with clean hydraulic oil.
11. Apply a compression sleeve or other suitable
tool to the gland in order to compress the Oring (9) on the gland. Insert the assembled
piston, rod and the gland into the tube (3).
Using a pin spanner wrench, thread the gland
into the tube. Remove the compression tool
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly into the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston seal.
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
12. Install new O-rings (15) and backup rings (16)
on check valves (1). Use new valves if either
valve was removed for replacement. Lubricate outside of the valves with clean filtered
hydraulic oil. Install the valves and torque to
30 to 35 lb-ft (40,8 to 47,6 N m).
13. If removed, install plugs (2) and grease fittings
(14).
14. Following reassembly, test the cylinder at low
operating pressure (100 psi or 6,9 bar) to be
sure the piston and rod are moving freely in
both directions.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
15. Increase the operating pressure to the maximum (4000 psi or 275,6 bar) for the cylinder
and check for external leakage and free
movement in both directions.
16. Prepare the cylinder for installation by retracting the piston and capping and plugging the
ports.
f.
Installation
1. Lubricate the frame tilt cylinder pivot pins with
multi-purpose lithium-based grease
2. Using suitable lifting device, install the frame
tilt cylinder, Fig. 9.9, on the forklift securing the
tube end to the axle mounting block with pivot
pin, shims, locking capscrew and locknut.
3. Remove all plugs or caps from the hydraulic
lines and securely tighten the lines to the
cylinder.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
4. Have a helper start the forklift engine.
5. Position the frame tilt cylinder so that the base
end is aligned with the rod end mounting holes
in the frame as much as possible.
6. Instruct the operator to extend or retract the
frame tilt cylinder slowly until the base end eye
is aligned with the frame mounting holes.
Secure the base end to the frame with pivot
pin and snap rings.
7. Remove blocking from between axle and
frame.
8. Using the fork and frame tilt control lever, tilt
the frame full right, then full left at least five
complete cycles or until operation of the frame
tilt circuit is normal (no jerking or spongy
feeling).
9. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
10. Test frame tilt circuit operation as described in
paragraph 9.1.4c.
9-38
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. The steer cylinder socket is a taper fit in
knuckle. Use an impact fork to release the
socket from the knuckle.
9.2.6 Steering Cylinder
a. Removal
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
6. Remove the cylinder from the forklift using a
strap sling and hoist or other suitable lifting
equipment.
Warning !
7. Measure the total length of the fully retracted
cylinder with sockets in place and note or
record the distance. Loosen socket clamps
and unscrew the socket assemblies from the
cylinder.
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
b. Disassembly
1. Remove all dirt and grease from the steering
cylinder
2. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
2. Determine the direction that the gland (4, Fig.
9.19) will be turning when it is removed so that
the lockwire (10) will feed out through the tube
hole.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Using a sharp object, such as a screwdriver,
pry up one end of the lockwire from its hole in
the tube (1).
3. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from the
steering cylinder and cap and plug open
connections.
4. Using a spanner wrench, remove the gland
allowing the lockwire to work its way out of the
tube.
4. Remove cotter pins (1, Fig. 9.18) and nuts (2)
securing the cylinder socket assemblies (3) to
carrier (4) and knuckle (5).
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
3
3
5
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Cotter pin (2)
Nut (2)
Cylinder Socket Assembly
Carrier
Knuckle
1
2
1
2
MA0591
Fig. 9.18 Steering Cylinder Installation
9-39
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. Pull rod (3) and attached parts straight out of
the tube.
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to break
the bond of the sealant between locknut (11) and
rod (3) before the piston can be removed. Refer
to paragraph 9.2a.
6
Remove locknut (11), piston (2), and gland (4)
from the rod (3).
7. Remove rod wiper (5), Z-seal (6), and O-ring
(7) from the gland.
8. Remove O-ring (8) and crown seal (9) from
the piston.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Tube
Piston
Rod
Gland
Rod Wiper
Z-seal
O-ring
O-ring
Crown Seal
Lockwire
Locknut
c. Cleaning
1. Discard all seals and lockwire. Replace with a
complete new seal kit.
2. Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene. Be sure to
carefully clean all cavities and grooves.
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
1. Check that rod (3, Fig. 9.19) is straight and
undamaged. If the rod is bent or damaged,
install new rod.
2. Inspect inside of tube (1) for scoring and other
damage. If there is any damage to the tube,
replace it with a new tube.
1
10
11
2
9
8
3
6
5
7
4
5
6
7
MA0600
Fig. 9.19 Steering Cylinder Exploded View
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-40
Section 9. Hydraulic System
3. Remove small scratches on inside of the tube
with emery cloth of very fine grit. Use the
emery cloth with a rotary motion.
e. Assembly
NOTE: Follow general assembly instructions in
paragraph 9.2c.
1. Fasten rod (3) in a soft-jawed vise.
2. Install new O-ring (8, Fig. 9.19) inside of piston
(2). Carefully install the piston on rod (3) to
avoid damage to the O-ring.
3. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Threadlocker 271
to the locknut (11) in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions. Install the locknut
and torque it to 90 to 100 lb-ft (122,4 to 136,0
N m). Allow sealants to cure.
4. Install crown seal (9) on piston (2).
5. Install rod wiper (5), Z-seal (6), and O-ring (7)
on the gland (4).
6. Install the assembled gland and seals on rod
(3).
7. Lubricate all parts and inside of the tube (1)
with clean hydraulic oil.
8. Apply a compression sleeve or other suitable
tool to the gland in order to compress the Oring (7) on the gland. Push the rod assembly
straight into the cylinder tube with a steady
even pressure until the gland butts up against
the tube.
9. Locate the hole in the tube and insert lockwire
(10).
10. Using a spanner wrench, rotate the gland 360
degrees to install the lockwire.
11. Following reassembly, test the cylinder at low
operating pressure (100 psi or 6,9 bar) to be
sure the piston and rod are moving freely in
both directions.
12. Increase the operating pressure to the maximum (4000 psi or 275,6 bar) for the cylinder
and check for external leakage and free
movement in both directions.
13. Prepare the cylinder for installation by retracting the piston and capping and plugging the
ports.
f.
Installation
1. Screw the socket assemblies (3, Fig. 9.18)
onto the retracted cylinder (4). Adjust position
9-41
of the socket assemblies by turning them until
the total length equals the measured length
taken during removal.
NOTE: If there is no accurate recorded cylinder
length, the cylinder can be adjusted as described
in the following steps.
2. Turn the steering knuckle to full inside turn
position on either the left or right side.
3. Adjust the socket assembly position in or out
on the rod end, and also the barrel end if
necessary, so that the retracted length of the
cylinder matches the length required to install
the cylinder
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
4. Install nuts (2) securing the cylinder socket
assemblies to the axle carrier (4) and knuckle
(5). Torque the nuts to 140 lb-ft (190 N m)
minimum. Install cotter pins (1).
5. Tighten the socket clamps. Torque the clamp
bolts and nuts to 60 to 70 lb-ft (82 to 95 N m).
6. Turn the other steering knuckle to its full inside
turn position and adjust the cylinder (steps 3
through 5).
7. Remove all plugs or caps from the hydraulic
lines and securely tighten the lines to the
cylinder.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
8. Start the engine. Turn the steering wheel fully
left to right and back (lock to lock) several
times in all three steering modes until they
operate smoothly. This should purge the
steering system of air. The maximum number
of turns of the steering wheel should not
exceed 4-1/2 turns lock to lock.
9. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
10. Test steering circuit operation as described in
paragraph 9.1.6c.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.2.7 Side Tilt Carriage Cylinder
(Optional)
3. Remove check valves (2) and three O-rings
(15) and backup rings (16).
a. Removal
4. Using a pin spanner wrench, unscrew gland
(4, Fig 9.21) from the tube (1).
1. Place the boom in a horizontal position.
2. Using the side tilt control lever, tilt the carriage
fully to the left to retract the side tilt cylinder.
IMPORTANT: Protect the finish on the rod at
all times. Damage to the surface of the rod can
cause premature seal failure.
3. Support the side tilt carriage (7, Fig. 9.20) in
this position with blocking.
5. Pull rod (5) and attached parts straight out of
the tube.
4. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly from the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston.
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
6. Fasten the eye end of the rod (5) in a softjawed vise and put a support below the rod
near the piston to prevent damage to the rod.
5. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
7
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
4
5
1
6. Remove all dirt and grease from side tilt
carriage cylinder (1) and hydraulic lines (2 and
3).
7. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from the
cylinder and cap and plug the open connections.
2
4
6
8. Remove snap ring (4) and cylinder rod pin (5)
securing the side tilt carriage cylinder rod to
side tilt carriage (7).
8
9. Remove snap rings (4) and cylinder base pin
(6) securing the side tilt carriage cylinder tube
to pivot base (8).
10. Remove the cylinder from the pivot base using
a strap sling and hoist or other suitable lifting
equipment.
b. Disassembly
1. Remove any remaining dirt and grease from
the cylinder.
2. Fasten the cylinder in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding equipment. Do not
damage the tube.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3
MA0611
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Side Tilt Carriage Cylinder
Hose Assembly
Hose Assembly
Snap Ring
Cylinder Rod Pin
Cylinder Base Pin
Side Tilt Carriage
Pivot Base
Fig. 9.20 Side Tilt Carriage Cylinder Removal
9-42
Section 9. Hydraulic System
8
9
10
11
8
5
14
3
9
13
12
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
2
11
Tube
Check Valve (2)
Piston
Gland
Rod
Piston Nut
Self Aligning Bearing
Rod Seal
Wiper
O-ring
Backup Ring
O-ring
Piston Seal
Grease Fitting (2)
O-ring (3)
Backup Ring (3)
10
15
14
16
6
7
1
MA0620
Fig. 9.21 Optional Side Tilt Carriage Cylinder Exploded View
7. Remove piston seal (13) from piston (3).
NOTE: It may be necessary to apply heat to break
the bond of the sealant between nut (6) and rod
(5) before the piston can be removed. Refer to
paragraph 9.2a.
8. Remove nut (6), piston (3), and the gland (4)
from the rod.
9. Remove O-ring (12) from inside of the piston.
10. Remove O-ring (10), backup ring (11), wiper
(9) and rod seal (8) from the gland.
11. If necessary to replace, remove grease fittings
(14).
12. If bearing (7) needs replacement, press
bearing from the cylinder tube.
c. Cleaning
1. Discard all seals and backup rings. Replace
with a complete new seal kit.
9-43
2. Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene. Be sure to
carefully clean all cavities and grooves.
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
1. Check that rod (5, Fig. 9.21) is straight. If the
rod is bent, install new rod.
2. Inspect the inside of tube (1) for scoring and
other damage. If there is any damage to the
tube, replace with new tube.
3. Remove small scratches on the piston rod or
inside of the tube with emery cloth of very fine
grit. Use the emery cloth with a rotary motion.
4. Remove staking burrs from the nut (6) and the
bottom of piston (3) with a fine file. Clean
parts with trichlorethylene after repair.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
e. Assembly
valve was removed for replacement. Lubricate outside of the valves with clean filtered
hydraulic oil. Install the valves and torque to
30 to 35 lb-ft (40,8 to 47,6 N m).
NOTE: Follow general assembly instructions in
paragraph 9.2c.
1. If bearing (7, Fig 9.21) was removed for
replacement, press new bearing into eye of
tube (1). The bearing should protrude the
same distance from each side of the eye.
2. Install new O-ring (10), backup ring (11), wiper
(9), and rod seal (8) on gland (4) as shown in
Fig. 9.21.
NOTE: The wiper lip should be toward the inner
end of the gland and the rod seal toward the outer
end of the gland. Use tools that will not damage
the seal. If the backup ring is not flat on both
sides, the side with the arc must be toward the Oring.
3. Fasten the rod eye in a soft-jawed vise or
other acceptable holding device. Put a
padded support below and near the end of the
rod to prevent damage to the rod.
4. Push the assembled gland onto the rod (5). If
necessary, use a soft hammer to drive the
gland onto the rod.
12. If removed, install grease fittings (14).
IMPORTANT
When sliding the rod and piston assembly into the
tube, be careful so that gland threads in the tube
do not damage the piston seals. Keep the rod in
line with the tube barrel to prevent binding.
13. Following reassembly, test the cylinder at low
operating pressure (100 psi or 6,9 bar) to be
sure the piston and rod are moving freely in
both directions.
14. Increase the operating pressure to the maximum (1750 psi or 120 bar) for the cylinder and
check for external leakage and free movement
in both directions.
15. Prepare the cylinder for installation by retracting the piston and capping and plugging the
ports.
f.
Installation
5. Install a new O-ring (12) on the inside of the
piston. Carefully install piston (3) on the rod to
avoid damage to O-ring.
1. Install the side tilt carriage cylinder (1, Fig.
9.21) on the side tilt carriage (7). Secure the
rod end to side tilt carriage (7).
6. Apply Loctite® Primer T and Threadlocker 271
to the nut (2) in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Install the nut on the rod
and torque to 400 to 450 lb-ft (544 to 612
N m). Stake the nut in four places.
2. Secure the tube end to the pivot base (8) with
snap rings (4).
7. Install new piston seal (13) on the piston.
8. Fasten the cylinder tube (3) in a soft-jawed
vise or other acceptable holding equipment.
Be careful not to damage the tube.
9. Lubricate the inside of the tube, piston, and
gland O-ring (9) with clean hydraulic oil.
10. Apply a compression sleeve or other suitable
tool to the gland in order to compress the Oring (10) on the gland. Insert the assembled
piston, rod and the gland into the tube (3).
Using a pin spanner wrench, thread the gland
into the tube. Remove the compression tool
IMPORTANT: When sliding the rod and piston
assembly into the tube, be careful so that gland
threads in the tube do not damage the piston seal.
Keep the rod in line with the tube barrel to prevent
binding.
11. Install new O-rings (15) and backup rings (16)
on check valves (1). Use new valve if either
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3. Lubricate the pivot pins with multi-purpose
lithium-based grease.
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
4. Remove all plugs and caps from the hydraulic
lines and securely tighten the lines to the
cylinder.
5. Start the forklift engine and remove blocking
from the carriage.
6. Tilt the side tilt carriage five times through its
full range or until the operation of the side tilt
carriage is normal (no jerks or spongy feel).
7. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
9-44
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.3
a. Main Control Valve Removal
VALVES
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
9.3.1 Main Control Valve Assembly
The main control consists of eight relief valves,
four directional control valves, and an inlet and
outlet section, Fig. 9.22. For a description of how
each component operates in a specific circuit refer
to paragraph 9.1.
2
3
4
5
6
7
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate all of the hydraulic functions (boom
raise/lower, extend/retract, grille tilt and frame
tilt) after the engine has stopped to relieve any
trapped pressure.
1
3. Remove the transmission cover.
Warning !
8
14
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
MA0431
13
1.
2.
12
11
10
9
Outlet Section
Frame Tilt Right Relief Valve
(1200 ± 50 psi or 82,7 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Grille Tilt Control Valve
Grille Tilt Up Relief Valve
(2650 ± 50 psi or 182,6 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Boom Extend Relief Valve
(2650 ± 50 psi or 182,6 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Boom Hoist Control Valve
Main Relief Valve
(3000 ± 50 psi or 206,7 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Inlet Section
Boom Hoist Relief Valve
(2650 ± 50 psi or 182,6 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Boom Extend/Retract Control Valve
Boom Retract Relief Valve
(2650 ± 50 psi or 182,6 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Grille Tilt Down Relief Valve
(2650 ± 50 psi or 182,6 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Frame Tilt Left Relief Valve
(1200 ± 50 psi or 82,7 ± 3,4 bar setting)
Frame Tilt Control Valve
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Figure 9.22 Main Control Valve Components
9-45
4. Remove dirt and grease from the hydraulic
lines and fittings, on main control valve (6, Fig.
9.23) and nearby components.
5. Tag and disconnect the hydraulic lines from
the main control valve and cap or plug the
connectors.
6. Tag and disconnect control linkage (7) from
main control valve by removing cotter pins (1)
and retaining pins (2).
7. Remove the capscrews (5), locknuts (3), and
washer (4) securing the control valve to the
frame.
8. Remove the main control valve from the
forklift.
9. Remove any remaining dirt and grease from
the valve assembly.
b. Relief Valve Repair
Operation
Fluid at supply pressure is admitted to the relief
area, Fig. 9.24, of the valve through a hole in the
piston. Initially, the pilot poppet, relief valve
poppet and check valve poppet are seated.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
7
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Cotter Pin
Retaining Pin
Locknut
Washer
Capscrew
Main Control Valve
Linkage
2
5
1
4
FRAME
3
MA0641
Fig. 9.23 Main Control Valve Installation
The relief valve setting is determined by the
compression of the pilot spring as set by the
adjustment screw. When the pressure exceeds
the relief setting, the pilot poppet acts against the
poppet spring to unseat. The fluid then flows
around the pilot poppet through cross-drilled holes
in the plug to the reservoir; some pressure is
relieved.
Due to the reduced pressure, the piston seats
against the pilot poppet. This shuts off fluid flow
through the valve and causes a low pressure area
internally. The differential pressure between the
supply pressure and the internal pressure causes
the relief valve poppet to unseat and fluid flows to
the reservoir thus relieving the pressure.
If low supply pressure should occur due to pump
cavitation, the check valve poppet will unseat and
allow fluid to flow back to the supply from the
reservoir.
Refer to paragraph 9.1 for information on relief
valve functions and testing.
PILOT
POPPET
PILOT
SPRING
PISTON
RELIEF VALVE
POPPET
CHECK VALVE
POPPET
TO
RESERVOIR
RELIEF
AREA
PLUG
ADJUSTMENT
SCREW
MA0652
Fig. 9.24 Relief Valve Sectional View
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-46
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Disassembly
1. Remove the relief valve from the control valve
housing.
9
11
2. Unscrew plug (1, Fig. 9.25) and remove the
relief valve cartridge from housing (8).
12
8
3. Remove and discard O-ring (9) from housing.
4. Remove acorn nut (19) and jam nut (17) from
adjustment screw (15).
5. Remove and discard O-rings (16 and 18).
1
7
6. Unscrew adjustment screw (15) from plug (1).
7. Invert the plug. Pilot spring (14) and poppet
(13) should drop out.
8. Remove O-rings (10 and 12) and backup ring
(11) from the plug.
13
6
14
5
9. Remove piston spring (2), piston (3) and relief
valve poppet (4) from check valve poppet (7).
4
15
10. Remove and discard O-ring (5) and backup
ring (6) from the relief valve poppet.
3
16
Cleaning and Drying
Clean metal parts in an approved solvent such as
trichlorethylene and blow dry.
17
2
18
10
19
Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the poppet seating surfaces. They
must be sharp, clean, and free of nicks or
excessive wear. Replace the part if worn or
damaged.
2. Install new O-rings and backup rings. Repair
kits are available.
3. Clean out the channel in piston (3, Fig. 9.25)
through which fluid passes.
4. Make sure the piston moves freely in the relief
valve poppet.
Assembly
1. Lubricate with hydraulic oil and install new Oring (5, Fig. 9.25) and backup ring (6) on relief
valve poppet (4). Stretch O-ring, do not roll it
to fit.
2. Lubricate poppet (4) with hydraulic oil and
insert into check valve poppet (7) followed by
piston (3) and piston spring (2).
3. Lubricate with hydraulic oil and install new Oring (10), backup ring (11) and O-ring (12) on
plug (1). Stretch O-rings, do not roll them to
fit.
4. Lubricate exterior of plug (1) and insert into
poppet (7).
9-47
MA0661
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Plug
Pilot Spring
Piston
Relief Valve Poppet
O-ring
Backup Ring
Check Valve Poppet
Housing
O-ring
O-ring
Backup Ring
O-ring
Pilot Poppet
Pilot Spring
Adjustment Screw
O-ring
Jam Nut
O-ring
Acorn Nut
Fig. 9.25 Relief Valve Exploded View
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. Insert pilot poppet (13) and spring (14) into the
plug.
6. Install adjustment screw (15) into the plug.
7. Lubricate and install new O-rings (16 and 18)
on nuts (17 and 19). Stretch O-rings, do not
roll them to fit.
8. Install jam nut (17) and acorn nut (19) on the
adjustment screw. Torque nuts on relief valve
to 10 ± 1.5 lb-ft (13,5 ± 2 N m).
9. Install the relief valve cartridge in the housing.
The cartridge is a honed fit and may require
gentle tapping to install.
c. Repair of Main Control Valve
Disassembly
To replace seals between the sections of the main
control valve:
1. Remove nuts (1 and 13, Fig. 9.26) at outlet
section (8).
2. Remove outlet section carefully to avoid losing
spring (11).
3. Remove O-ring (3) and discard.
4. Remove spring (11) and check valve poppet
(12) from frame tilt section (7).
IMPORTANT: Care must be taken to avoid
damaging the valve’s internal lands.
5. Repeat steps 2, 3 and 4 for the remaining
valve sections (6, 5, and 4).
10. Lubricate and install new O-ring (9) on housing (8). Stretch O-ring, do not roll it to fit.
6. Remove nuts (1 and 13) and tie rods (9 and
10) at inlet section (2).
11. Install assembled relief valve in the control
valve housing. Torque all relief valves except
main relief valve to 40 ± 4 lb-ft (55 ± 5,5 N m).
Torque main relief valve to 60 to 80 lb-ft (82 to
109 N m).
12. Adjust relief valve pressure as instructed in
paragraph 9.1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Cleaning and Drying
Clean all metal parts in an approved solvent such
as trichlorethylene and blow dry.
Assembly
1. Thread nuts (1, Fig. 9.26) onto ends of tie rods
(9 and 10) until nuts are flush with the ends of
the tie rods.
1
Special Nuts (4)
Inlet Section
O-rings (5)
Boom Hoist Section
Boom Extend Section
Grille Tilt Section
Frame Tilt Section
Outlet Section
Tie Rods (2)
Tie Rod
Spring
Check Valve Poppet
Special Nuts (2)
9
13
10
8
11
12
2
7
1
6
5
3
MA0671
4
Fig. 9.26 Main Control Valve Sections
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-48
Section 9. Hydraulic System
2. Install new O-ring (3) in inlet section (2).
2
3. Install tie rods (9 and 10) from the outside of
inlet section (2) through the holes in the inlet
section.
4. Install boom hoist section (4) over tie rods (9
and 10)
3
1
4
5. Repeat steps 2 thru 4 for the remaining valve
sections (5 thru 8).
5
6. Install check valve poppet (12) and spring (11)
into frame tilt section.
4
7. Install nuts (1 and 13) on the ends of the tie
rods (9 and 10) and tighten the nuts so the
rods protrude the same amount from both
sides of the valve. Torque nuts (1) to 48 ± 4.8
lb-ft (65 ± 6,5 N m). Torque nuts (13) to 75 ±
7.5 lb-ft (102 ± 10 N m).
6
7
8
d. Repair of Main Control Valve Sections
When repairing the main control valve, first refer to
paragraph b and repair the relief valveds. It might
be advisable to install seal and spring (repair) kits
in all of the relief valves at this time.
7
6
Disassembly
9
1. Remove two socket head capscrews (1, Fig.
9.27) and spool cap (2).
2. Remove spool end (3), spring seat (4), spring
(5), spring end (4), wiper (6) and O-ring (7).
3. Remove two round head machine screws (10),
seal plate (9), wiper (6), and O-ring (7).
Cleaning and Drying
Clean all metal parts in an approved solvent such
as trichlorethylene and blow dry.
Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect spool seating surfaces. They must be
sharp, clean, and free of nicks or excessive
wear. Replace entire section if worn or
damaged.
MA0681
10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Hex Socket Capscrew (2)
Spool Cap
Spool End
Spring Seat
Spring
Wiper
O-ring
Section Body with Spool (body and spool
supplied only as a complete assembly)
9. Seal Plate
10. Round Head Screw (2)
Figure 9.27 Valve Section Exploded View
2. Replace all O-rings and backup rings with new
ones. Repair kits are available.
3. Make sure the piston moves freely in valve
section.
Assembly
1. Insert spool in the linkage end of the section.
IMPORTANT. Take care during insertion to avoid
damaging the valve’s internal lands.
2. Install O-ring (7, Fig. 9.27), wiper (6) and seal
plate (9) and secure with two round head
screws (10).
9-49
3. Install O-ring (7), spool end (3), spool cap (2)
and secure with socket head capscrews (1).
e. Main Control Valve Installation
1. Position the main control valve (6, Fig. 9.23)
on the forklift and secure it to frame using
capscrews (5), locknuts (3), and washers (4).
2. Install control linkage (7) using retaining pins
(2) and cotter pins (1).
3. Connect hydraulic lines to control valve.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Warning !
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
4. Start the forklift engine.
5. Inspect connections at the control valve for
leakage.
3. Operate the brake pedal after the engine has
stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
6. Operate joysticks to test the operation of the
control valve and hydraulic system. Refer to
paragraph 9.1 for instructions on adjustment of
relief valve settings
4. To gain access to brake valve (3, Fig. 9.28),
remove four hex head screws and lock
washers (1), to detach the lower panel (2)
which is located under the dash.
7. Install the transmission cover.
Warning !
9.3.2 Brake Valve
a. Removal
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
1. Retract the boom and support it in a horizontal
and level position.
2. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
4
3
2
5
1
5
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Hex Head Capscrew and Lock Washer (4)
Lower Panel
Brake Valve
Hex Nut (2)
Lock Washer (4)
Hex Head Capscrew (2)
5
6
MA0691
Fig. 9.28 Brake Valve Installation
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-50
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. Tag and disconnect three hydraulic hoses (4,
Fig. 9.30) from the right side of the service
brake valve. Cap and plug the open hose
connectors.
6. Remove cup (11) from plunger (10).
7. Remove plug (23) from housing (13).
8. Remove O-ring (22), cup (20) and backup ring
(21) from plug (23).
6. Remove jam nuts (4, Fig. 9.28), lock washers
(5) and capscrews (6) which secure valve to
the mounting bracket.
9. Remove washer (19), sleeve (18), spring (17)
and guide (16) from the housing bore.
NOTE: Some valves may not have a sleeve (18).
7. Remove the service brake valve from the
machine.
b. Disassembly
10. Remove valve and ball assembly (15) from
housing bore.
1. Remove ring (1, Fig. 9.29) and boot (2) from
housing (13).
11. Remove O-ring (14) from the valve and ball
assembly.
2. Remove piston (3), shim or shims (4), and
springs (5 and 6) from housing bore.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Clean all metal parts in an approved cleaning
solvent such as trichlorethylene and blow dry.
3. Carefully remove O-ring (7) to avoid scratching the housing bore.
d. Inspection, Repair and Replacement
4. Carefully remove retaining ring (8) to avoid
scratching housing bore.
1. Inspect valve bore for deep grooves or other
damage. If there is any damage to the bore,
replace the entire brake valve.
5. Remove washer (9), plunger (10) and spring
(12) from housing bore.
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
Retaining Ring
Boot
Piston
Shims (as required)
Spring
Spring
O-ring
Retaining Ring
Washer
Plunger
Cup
Spring
Housing
O-ring
Valve and Ball Assembly
Guide
Spring
Sleeve
Washer
Cup
Backup Ring
O-ring
Plug
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
2
6
1
5
4
3
MA0701
Fig. 9.29 Brake Valve Exploded View
9-51
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
REAR
SERVICE
BRAKES
PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE
3
4
3
RESERVOIR
PARK
LOCK
2
4
4
1
4
2
4
PARK LOCK
RELEASE
VALVE
2
FRONT
SERVICE
BRAKES
4
3
SERVICE
BRAKE
VALVE
4
MACHINE
FRONT
S/N 8L0333 AND BEFORE
4
3
4
FRONT
SERVICE
BRAKES
2
SERVICE
BRAKE
VALVE
4
MACHINE
FRONT
1.
2.
3.
4.
Cap Used on Forklifts with Only Front Service Brakes
Bulkhead Tee
Connector
Hydraulic Hose
MA0711
Fig. 9.30 Brake Circuits With Park Lock and Two or Four Wheel Service Brakes
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-52
Section 9. Hydraulic System
2. Remove small scratches in the bore using
emery cloth of very fine grit. Use the emery
cloth with a rotary motion.
e. Assembly
1. Install new O-ring (14, Fig. 9.29) in the seat on
valve and ball assembly (15) and insert into
housing bore so that the seat end is located
on the plug end of the brake valve.
2. Install guide (16), spring (17), sleeve (18) and
washer (19) in the housing bore.
NOTE: It is desirable to install a new sleeve (18)
in all units. The sleeve is part of the valve repair
kit. Position the sleeve over the spring (17) and
up against the seat flange.
3. Insert new backup ring (21) and new cup (20)
inside end of plug (23). Note the order of
backup ring and cup.
4. Install new O-ring (22) on the plug and install
in housing (13).
5. Install new cup (11) and spring (12) on plunger
(10). Note that the cup lip should be facing
toward the plug (pressure) end of the brake
valve.
6. Insert assembled plunger into the housing
bore.
g. Bleeding the Brake Lines
Bleed the brake lines very carefully as soon as the
brake valve is installed in the machine. Air in the
system will not allow the brakes to release properly and may severely damage them. Bleed the
brakes whenever there is reason to suspect that
air has entered the braking system.
1. Place the transmission in neutral, start the
engine and engage parking brake.
2. Install one end of an 18 to 24 inch (457 to 610
mm) length of transparent 1/4 inch (6 mm)
inside diameter tubing over the brake bleeder,
Fig. 9.31. Place the other end of this tubing in
a suitable transparent container which is
partially filled with hydraulic oil. The end of the
tubing must be below the oil level in the
container.
Warning !
The pressure at the brakes is 525 ± 25 psi
(36,2 ±1,7 bar). Do not open the bleeder
without holding tubing on the bleeder to
prevent releasing a jet of oil that could cause
personal injury.
7. Install washer (9) in the housing bore.
8. Carefully install retaining ring (8) in housing
bore to avoid scratching the housing bore.
9. Install new O-ring (7) in housing bore.
10. Install springs (5 and 6), shim or shims (4) and
piston (3) in housing bore.
11. Install boot (2) and retaining ring (1) in housing
(16).
f.
Valve Installation
1. Lower brake valve (9, Fig. 9.28) into position
on the mounting bracket.
2. Install capscrews (6), lock washers (5) and
jam nuts (4) to secure valve.
3. Remove plugs or caps as required and
connect the tagged hydraulic lines to the brake
valve.
BRAKE
BLEEDER
4. Install lower panel (2) with capscrews and lock
washers (1) after bleeding and checking brake
system.
MA0721
Fig. 9.31 Brake Bleeder
9-53
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
3. While holding the tubing firmly on the bleeder,
open the bleeder with a suitable small wrench.
Have an assistant depress the brake pedal.
Close the bleeder when air bubbles no longer
appear in the oil. Release the brake pedal
and remove the tubing from the bleeder.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for the brakes on the
other wheels.
BODY
5. Discard the oil which was collected in the
container.
6. Check level in reservoir and fill as described in
the Owners/Operators Manual.
SOLENOID WITH SEALS
MA0731
Fig. 9.32 Park Lock Release Valve
9.3.3 Park Lock Release Valve
a. Removal
7. Lower park lock release valve (2) from valve
mounting plate (30).
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
8. Remove hydraulic fittings from valve as
required.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Depress the brake pedal to relieve any
trapped pressure.
3. Remove the electrical connector from solenoid
on the park lock release valve (2, Fig. 9.33).
4. Remove the solenoid, Fig. 9.32. To check the
solenoid, apply 12 Vdc momentarily to the
solenoid leads and check for spool movement.
If solenoid does not actuate, it is defective.
Refer to Section 10 for additional electrical test
information.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
5. Tag and disconnect the hydraulic hoses at
connector (8, Fig. 9.33) and run tee (9) and
tube assembly (16) from connector (7) on the
park lock release valve.
6. Remove two hex nuts (27), lock washers (25),
flat washers (26) and capscrews (24).
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
b. Disassembly
NOTE: There are no serviceable parts in the park
lock release valve.
Replace solenoid (Fig. 9.32) if faulty.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the electrical portion of the
park lock release valve (2, Fig. 9.33), clean valve
in an approved cleaning solvent and blow dry.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect and replace solenoid, electrical
connector and/or wiring if damaged. Use new
seals on solenoid.
2. Discard entire park lock release valve if
damaged.
e. Installation
1. Install connectors (7 and 8, Fig. 9.33) and run
tee (9) in park lock release valve (2).
2. Position the assembled park lock release
valve on valve mounting plate (30).
3. Secure valve to plate using two capscrews
(24), flat washers (26), lock washers (25), and
hex nuts (27).
4. Install tube assembly (16).
5. Connect hydraulic hoses to connector (8) and
run tee (9).
6. Attach electrical connector to solenoid on
valve (2).
7. Bleed brake circuit as described in paragraph
9.3.2.g.
9-54
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9
2
27
A
7
25
16
21
19
21
11
24
29
21
26
19
20
B
J
19
8
13
30
K
5
28
12
21
L
4
19
11
H
20
16
14
G
M
13
17
16
11
10
18
18
3
12
6
E
23
1.
1A.
1B.
1C.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
Steer Select Valve
Electrical Connector
Solenoid (2)
Screw (4)
Park Lock Release Valve
Sequence Valve
Pressure Reducing Valve
Relief Valve
Connector (4)
Connector (1)
Connector (1)
Run Tee (1)
Connector
Run Tee (3)
Run Tee (12)
Connector (2)
Branch Tee
Tube Assembly
Tube Assembly (3)
Tube Assembly
Capscrew (2)
Lock Washer (8)
Flat Washer
Hex Nut (8)
Capscrew (4)
Capscrew (2)
Capscrew (2)
F
6A
6
1C
CD
31
1
1B
15
1B
MA0741
1A
22
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
HOSE CONNECTIONS
1A
Lock Washer (2)
Flat Washer (2)
Hex Nut (2)
Capscrew (2)
Rubber Mount (4)
Mounting Plate
Subplate
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
M.
To Brake Valve Return
To Park Lock
To Rear Brake Cylinder
To Rear Brake Cylinder
To Steering Unit
To Front Steering Cylinder
To Control Valve
To Steering Unit Outlet
To Steering Unit Inlet
To Brake Valve Inlet
To Reservoir
To Small Pump Inlet
To Emergency Pump Outlet
Fig. 9.33 Valve Plate Assembly - Underside View, Exploded S/N 8G0236 and After
9-55
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.3.4 Steer Select Valve
c. Cleaning
a. Removal
Without submerging the electrical portion of the
steer select valve, clean valve in an approved
cleaning solvent and blow dry.
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
d. Inspection and Replacement
Warning !
1. Inspect solenoids, electrical connectors and
wiring and replace if damaged.
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Replace entire steer select valve if damaged.
2. Slowly loosen fittings at steer select valve as
required (1, Fig. 9.33) to relieve any trapped
pressure.
2. Position the steer select valve on valve
subplate (31) and secure with four capscrews
(22).
3. Remove the electrical connectors (1A) from
the solenoids (1B) on steer select valve (1).
NOTE: If the valve subplate was removed for
service, continue with steps 3 through 5.
e. Installation
1. Install four new O-rings in base ports of steer
select valve (1, Fig. 9.33).
3. Install connectors (6) in the subplate.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
4. Place the assembled steer select valve and
valve subplate on mounting plate (30). Install
two capscrews (23), lock washers (19) and
nuts (21) to secure.
5. Connect hydraulic hoses to connectors (6).
6. Install electrical connectors.
4. To check a solenoid, apply 12 Vdc momentarily to the solenoid leads and listen for an
audible click that indicates spool movement. If
there is no sound, the solenoid is probably
defective. Refer to Section 10 for additional
electrical test of the steer select valve.
NOTE: If no service is required for valve subplate
(31, Fig. 9.33), proceed to step 5.
5. Tag and disconnect hydraulic hoses from
connectors (6) on valve subplate (31).
6. Remove two nuts (21), lock washers (19) and
capscrews (23) and remove assembled valve
(1) and subplate (31).
7. Remove connectors (6) from the subplate.
8. Remove steer select valve (1) from the
subplate by removing four capscrews (22).
9. Remove and discard O-rings between subplate and steer select valve.
f.
Bleeding Steering System
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
1. Start the forklift engine and run at idle.
2. Turn the steering wheel fully left to right and
back (lock to lock) several times in all three
steering modes until they operate smoothly.
This should purge the steering system of air.
3. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
b. Disassembly
NOTE: There are no serviceable parts in the steer
select valve; do not disassemble.
Replace solenoid(s) if defective. Remove four
screws (1C) to detach each solenoid.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-56
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.3.5 Sequence Valve
e. Installation
a. Removal
1. Install connector (10, Fig. 9.33) and run tees
(11 and 12) on sequence valve (3).
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Slowly loosen the fittings at the sequence
valve (3, Fig. 9.33) as required to relieve any
trapped pressure.
2. Position the sequence valve on valve mounting plate (30) and secure with two capscrews
(18), flat washers (20), lock washers (19) and
hex nuts (21).
3. Connect hydraulic tube assemblies (15, 16
and 17) to connector (10) and run tees (11
and 12).
4. Connect hydraulic hose to run tee (11).
5. Check the hydraulic oil level and fill as described in the Owners/Operators Manual.
9.3.6 Steer Relief Valve
a. Removal
Warning !
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Tag and disconnect tube assemblies (15, 16
and 17) from connector (10) and run tees (11
and 12) on the sequence valve (3).
4. Tag and disconnect hydraulic hose from run
tee (11).
5. Remove two hex nuts (21), lock washers (19),
flat washers (20) and capscrews (18). Remove sequence valve (3) from valve mounting
plate (30).
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
2. Tag and disconnect hydraulic hoses from
branch tee (14, Fig. 9.33) and connector (13).
6. Remove hydraulic fittings from the valve as
required.
CARTRIDGE WITH SEALS
b. Disassembly
NOTE: There are no serviceable parts in the steer
sequence valve; do not disassemble.
BODY
Remove sequence valve cartridge (Fig. 9.34).
c. Cleaning
Clean metal parts of valve with an approved
cleaning solvent and blow dry.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect valve cartridge (Fig. 9.34) for wear,
scoring, damaged seals and other damage.
Replace cartridge if damaged.
2. Discard entire sequence valve if damaged.
9-57
MA0751
Fig. 9.34 Valve Cartridge for Sequence, Pressure
Reducing and Counterbalance Valves
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
3. Tag and disconnect tube assembly (16) from
connector (13).
4. Remove two hex nuts (21), lock washers (19),
flat washers (20) and socket head capscrews
(28) to detach the relief valve.
CARTRIDGE WITH SEALS
BODY
5. Remove hydraulic fittings from valve as
required.
b. Disassembly
NOTE: There are no serviceable parts in the relief
valve; do not disassemble.
MA0761
Remove steering relief valve cartridge (Fig. 9.35).
Fig. 9.35 Valve Cartridge for Pressure Relief Valve
c. Cleaning
Clean metal parts of valve in an approved cleaning
solvent and blow dry.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect valve cartridge (Fig. 9.35) for wear,
scoring, damaged seals and other damage.
Replace cartridge if damaged.
2. Discard entire steer relief valve if damaged.
9.3.7 Pressure Reducing Valve
a. Removal
NOTE: On forklifts with S/N 8F0235 and before,
refer to paragraph 9.3.8 and remove counterbalance valve before you begin.
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
e. Installation
1. Install connector (13, Fig. 9.33) and branch
tee (14) on relief valve (5).
2. Position the relief valve on valve mounting
plate (30) and secure with two capscrews (28),
flat washers (20), lock washers (19) and hex
nuts (21).
3. Connect tube assembly (16) to connector (13).
4. Connect hydraulic hoses to branch tee (14)
and connector (13).
f.
Bleeding Steering System
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
1. Start the forklift engine and run at idle.
2. Turn the steering wheel fully left to right and
back (lock to lock) several times in all three
steering modes until they operate smoothly.
This should purge the steering system of air.
3. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operators Manual.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Slowly loosen the fittings at the pressure
reducing valve as required to relieve any
trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Tag and disconnect hydraulic hoses and tube
assemblies (16 and 17, Fig. 9.33) from run
tees (11 and 12) on pressure reducing valve
(4).
4. Remove two hex nuts (21), lock washers (19)
and capscrews (18) to detach pressure
reducing valve (4) from valve mounting plate
(30).
5. Remove hydraulic fittings from valve as
required.
9-58
Section 9. Hydraulic System
b. Disassembly
13
12
NOTE: There are no serviceable parts in the
pressure reducing valve; do not disassemble.
Remove pressure reducing valve cartridge (Fig.
9.34).
MACHINE
FRONT
14
11
c. Cleaning
5
Clean metal parts of valve in an approved cleaning
solvent and blow dry.
4
d. Inspection and Replacement
8
7
N
1. Inspect valve cartridge (Fig. 9.34) for wear,
scoring, damaged seals and other damage.
Replace cartridge if damaged.
3. Connect tube assemblies (16 and 17) and
hydraulic hoses to run tees (11 and 12) on the
pressure reducing valve.
4. Refer to paragraph 9.3.8 for installation of the
counterbalance valve.
5. Bleed brake circuit as described in paragraph
9.3.2g.
9.3.8 Counterbalance Valve
(S/N 8F0235 and before only)
a. Removal
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Slowly loosen the fittings at the counterbalance valve (3, Fig. 9.36) to relieve any trapped
pressure.
9-59
8
9
P
3
e. Installation
2. Position the pressure reducing valve on valve
mounting plate (30) and secure with two
capscrews (18), lock washers (19) and hex
nuts (21).
7
6
2
2. Discard entire pressure reducing valve if
damaged.
1. Install run tees (11 and 12, Fig. 9.33) in
pressure reducing valve (4).
8 7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
1
10
MA0771
Capscrew
HOSE CONNECTIONS
Elbow
Counterbalance Valve
N. To front steering unit
Elbow
P. To steering unit
Hose
Elbow
Reducer (3)
Nut (3)
Run Tee
Steer Select Valve Subplate
Pressure Reducing Valve
Lock Washer (2)
Hex Nut (2)
Valve Plate
Fig. 9.36 Counterbalance Valve Installation
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Tag and disconnect hydraulic hoses to elbows
(6, Fig. 9.36) in counterbalance valve (3).
4. Remove two hex nuts (13), lock washers (12)
and capscrews (1) to detach the counterbalance valve and pressure reducing valve (11)
from valve mounting plate (14).
5. Refer to paragraph 9.3.7 for maintenance
information for the pressure reducing valve.
6. Remove hydraulic fittings from valve as
required.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
b. Disassembly
9.4
NOTE: There are no serviceable parts in the
counterbalance valve; do not disassemble.
Remove the counterbalance valve cartridge, Fig.
9.34.
c. Cleaning
Clean metal parts of valve in an approved cleaning
solvent and blow dry.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect valve cartridge (Fig. 9.34) for wear,
scoring, damaged seals and other damage.
Replace cartridge if damaged.
2. Discard entire counterbalance valve if damaged.
e. Installation
NOTE: Be sure that all tube and hose connections
to the pressure reducing valve have been made.
Refer to paragraph 9.3.7.
1. Install elbows (6, Fig. 9.36), reducers (7) and
tube nuts (8).
2. Position counterbalance valve (3) under
pressure reducing valve (11) and secure to
mounting plate (14) with two capscrews (1),
lock washers (12) and hex nuts (13).
PUMPS
9.4.1 Main Tandem Pump
a. Removal
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
2. Operate the hydraulic joystick to relieve any
trapped pressure in the 30 gpm section of the
tandem pump. Slowly loosen the upper outlet
port fitting on the 15 gpm pump section to
relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
3. Connect hydraulic hoses to elbows (6).
f.
Bleeding Steering System
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
3. Remove hex head capscrews (5), lock washers (6), and both clamp halves (4) on the main
pump inlet line. Disconnect the hose elbow
(3) from the pump inlet. Remove and discard
the O-ring (7) from the elbow.
4. Disconnect small pump outlet hose (8).
5. Disconnect large pump outlet hose (9).
1. Start the forklift engine and run at idle.
6. Remove connector (10) and elbow (11) from
the pump outlets.
2. Turn the steering wheel fully left to right and
back (lock to lock) several times in all three
steering modes until they operate smoothly.
This should purge the steering system of air.
7. Remove capscrews (12) and lock washers
(13) that attach the main tandem pump (14) to
the transmission. Remove and discard the
pump gasket (15).
3. Shut down the engine. Check the hydraulic oil
level and fill as described in the Owners/
Operator’s Manual.
b. Tools Required for Pump Repair
The following tools are required for tandem pump
disassembly and assembly:
1. A bushing puller made from Collet 33863 of
Blind Hole Puller Set 981 by Owatonna Tool
Company or an equivalent puller from another
supplier. Modify this collet as shown in Fig.
9.38.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-60
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9
8
10
14
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Hose Clamp
Inlet Hose
Elbow
Clamp Half (2)
Capscrew (4)
Lock Washer (4)
O-ring
Small Pump Outlet Hose
Large Pump Outlet Hose
Connector
Elbow
Capscrew (2)
Lock Washer (2)
Main Tandem Pump
Pump Gasket
11
4
6
5
19
7
12
3
2
13
1
MA0781
Fig. 9.37 Main Tandem Pump Installation
C
0.015" R. MAXIMUM
A B
A = 0.980/0.970"
B = 0.875/(REF)"
C = 0.100/0.090"
MA0791
Fig. 9.38 Bushing Puller
2. A seal removal tool made by heating the tip of
an old screwdriver and bending it as shown in
Fig. 9.39. Grind off the tip to fit the notch
behind the shaft seal.
3. A bushing installation tool made from A.I.S.I.
8620 Heat Treated Bearing Quality Steel as
shown in Fig. 9.40.
4. A special steel sleeve made from bar stock
which is 1-1/8 or 1-1/4" diameter by 4-5/8", as
shown in Fig. 9.41. This sleeve is used to
insert the drive shaft through the lip seal
without damage.
9-61
1/4 INCH
MA0801
Fig. 9.39 Seal Removal Tool
5. A lip seal installation bar made from bar stock
which is 1-3/4" in diameter by 2" long. Break
edges slightly.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
3.00 "
1.47 "
0.06 "
1/4" DIAMETER DRILL
THROUGH HOLE
0.06 "
C RADIUS
32
C
D
30°
30°
B
A
GRIND RELIEF ALLOWABLE
C = 1.054 PLUS 0.000, MINUS 0.002"
D = 1.250" DIAMETER
MA0811
0.015" X 45°
CHAMFER
Fig. 9.40 Bushing Installation Tool
E
6. The following tools will also be required:
D
• arbor press
• awl
• steel ball, 1-1/2" diameter
• clean lint free cloths
A = 3-3/8"
B = 4-1/2"
C = 9/16" R
D = 1.065 PLUS 0.000, MINUS 0.002"
E = 1.002 PLUS 0.002, MINUS 0.000"
• deburring tool (an old file with the cutting
teeth ground off)
• machinist’s hammer
MA0821
Fig. 9.41 Special Steel Sleeve
• soft hammer
• Permatex Aviation Form-A-Gasket No. 3
Non-hardening Sealant or equivalent
• medium grit Carborundum stone
• oil and grease
• snap ring pliers
• prick punch
• scale (1/32" or 1/64" graduations)
• small screwdriver
• torque wrench
• vise with 8" minimum open spread
c. General Repair Precautions
1. To facilitate repair of the pump and before any
work is done, first read and understand all of
the steps used in the disassembly and assembly instructions.
2. The first requirement of good maintenance of
hydraulic equipment is cleanliness. Make sure
you disassemble and assemble your hydraulic
equipment in a clean area.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
3. If prying off sections becomes necessary, take
extreme care not to mar or damage machined
surfaces. Excessive force while prying can
result in misalignment and serious damage to
parts.
4. Match mark exterior surface of housings
before separating the parts. Align match
marks during assembly.
5. Gears are closely matched. Gears must be
kept together as sets when removed from a
unit. Handle with care to avoid damage to the
journals or teeth. Avoid touching gear journals. Always replace matched parts as a
set.
6. Do not grip machined surfaces in a vise to
prevent damage to fine surfaces.
7. If parts are difficult to fit during assembly, tap
gently with a soft hammer. Never use an iron
or steel hammer to tap parts.
8. Never hammer bushings into bores; use an
arbor press.
9-62
Section 9. Hydraulic System
d. Disassembly Instructions
5. Carefully remove drive and driven gear set (9).
Avoid tapping the gear teeth together or
against other hardened surfaces to avoid
possible chipping. Keep the matched gears in
a set together.
1. Prepare to disassemble the pump by placing it
in a vise with the drive shaft pointing down.
2. Use a socket wrench to remove four hex nuts
(1, Fig. 9.42), studs (3), and washers (2).
6. Remove seal (11). Lift gear housing (12) from
the bearing carrier. If prying is necessary,
take care not to damage machined surfaces.
3. Lift off port end cover (4). If prying is necessary, be careful not to damage the machined
surfaces. Dowel pins (5) will remain in either
port end cover or gear housing. Do not
remove dowel pins unless damaged.
7. Lift or pry off the bearing carrier housing (13).
Take care not to damage contact face and
edges. Dowel pins will remain in either the
bearing carrier or the gear housing. Do not
remove dowel pins unless damaged.
4. Remove seal (7) and thrust plate (8).
4
1
5
2
6
3
7
8
9
18
10
11
12
8
7
5
5
11
13
14
5
7
5
8
6
11
16
17
15
5
8
7
MA0842
11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Hex Nut (4)
Washer (4)
Stud (4)
Port End Cover
Dowel Pin (8)
Plug (4)
Channel Seal (4)
Thrust Plate (4)
Gear Set
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Connecting Shaft
Sp-R Gasket Seal (4)
Gear Housing
Bearing Carrier Housing
Gear Shaft Set
Gear Housing
Shaft End Cover
Lip Seal
Bushing (8)
Fig. 9.42 Main Tandem Pump Exploded View
9-63
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
8. Remove connecting shaft (10). Remove thrust
plate (8), seal (7) and seal (11).
9. Remove integral gear set (14). Keep these
together as they are a matched set. Be
careful not to damage the machined surfaces
of the gears.
10. Remove thrust plate (8), seal (7) and seal
(11).
11. Lift or pry off the first section gear housing
(15). Be careful not to damage machined
surfaces.
12. Remove thrust plate (8), seal (7) and seal
(11).
13. Grip the shaft end cover (16) in a vise with the
mounting face down. Remove double lip seal
(17) by inserting the special seal removal tool
(Fig. 9.39) into the notch between the double
lip seal and the shaft end cover. Tap the seal
out and discard. Remove and discard all
rubber and polymer seals.
e. Cleaning
Clean metal tandem pump components in an
approved cleaning solvent and blow dry.
f.
Inspection, Repair and Replacement
1. If either a dowel (5 Fig. 9.42) or a dowel hole
is damaged, the dowel or machined casting, or
both, must be replaced. Pull defective dowels
as required.
straightedge in the cutout area, replace the
gear housing. Pressure pushes the gears
against the housing on the low pressure side.
As the hubs and bushings wear, the cutout
becomes more pronounced. Excessive cutout
in a short period of time indicates excessive
pressure or oil contamination. If the relief
valve settings are within prescribed limits,
check for shock pressures or tampering.
Withdraw oil sample and check it and tank for
dirt. Where cutout is moderate, 0.007 inch
(0.18 mm) or less, gear housing is in good
condition and may be reused.
5. Examine integral gear shaft set (14). Examine
the gears as described in paragraph 3 above.
Examine all drive shafts and replace if there is
any wear detectable by touch in the seal area
or at the drive coupling. Maximum allowable
wear is 0.002 inch (0.05 mm). Wear in the
shaft seal area indicates oil contamination.
Wear or damage to splines, keys, or keyways
necessitates replacement.
6. If gears are replaced, bushings (18) must be
replaced. Bushings should fit into bore with a
heavy press fit. Inspect all bushings for
scoring or discoloration and replace if necessary. Use a bushing puller (Fig. 9.38) to
remove bushings.
7. Replace all rubber and polymer seals, including all O-rings, channel seals, shaft seals and
gasket seals.
2. Examine thrust plates (8,) and replace if
necessary. The thrust plates seal the gear
section at the sides of the gears. Wear here
will allow internal slippage, that is, oil will
bypass within the pump. A maximum 0.002"
(0.05 mm) wear is allowable. Replace thrust
plates if they are scored, eroded or pitted.
Check center of thrust plates where the gears
mesh. Erosion here indicates oil contamination. Pitted thrust plates indicate cavitation or
oil aeration. Discolored thrust plates indicate
overheating, probably due to insufficient oil.
8. Examine the plugs (6) in the shaft end and
port end covers to make sure that the plugs
are in the proper position and tight. There
should be two plugs in both the shaft end and
port end. Replace any plugs which are
damaged or cannot be tightened.
3. Examine the drive and driven gear set (9).
Replace as a matched set if there is scoring
on the gear hubs; scoring, grooving, or burring
of the outside diameter of the teeth, or nicking,
grooving, or fretting of teeth surfaces.
3. Rinse parts in an approved solvent. Air blast
all parts and wipe with a clean lint free cloth
before starting assembly.
4. Examine the gear housings (12 and 15) and
replace it if necessary. Wear in excess of
0.007 inch (0.18 mm) cutout necessitates
replacement of the gear housing. Place a
straightedge across bore. If you can slip a
0.007 inch (0.18 mm) feeler gauge under the
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
g. Assembly
1. Stone all machined surfaces with a medium
grit Carborundum stone.
2. If bushings have been removed, deburr the
bushing bores with fine emery cloth.
4. Grip shaft end cover (16, Fig. 9.42) in vise with
mounting face down. If plugs (6) were removed, screw new plugs in tightly. Stake plug
with prick punch at both ends of screwdriver
slot and around edges. Peen the edge of the
hole 1/32 to 1/16" (0.79 mm to 1.59 mm) with
a 1-1/2" diameter steel ball.
9-64
Section 9. Hydraulic System
NOTE: If new plugs are being installed, coat
threads with Loctite® Threadlocker 242.
5. If removed, install new dowels (5) as needed.
Be sure dowel holes are clean and free of
burrs. Gently tap in new dowels with a soft
hammer.
6. Assembly of bushings in shaft end cover (16),
bearing carrier housing (13) and port end
cover (4).
12. Slide the driven gear and shaft through the
housing (15) and into the bushing in the shaft
end cover (16). Coat the steel sleeve tool
(Fig. 9.41) with hydraulic oil inside and out.
Place the lightly lubricated drive shaft inside
the sleeve and slide both through the shaft
end cover with a twisting motion until the
integral gear rests against the thrust plate.
Avoid damaging the double lip seal (17).
Squirt clean hydraulic oil over the gears.
a. Install any new bushings in drive bores
with groove to top of unit (12 o’clock).
Assemble bushings in driven bores with
the groove to bottom of unit (6 o’clock).
13. Slip thrust plate (8) with seal (7) over gear
journals and into housing bore. The flat side
of the seal should face up with the relief
groove facing the outlet side.
b. Press bushings into the bores, one at a
time using the special installation tool (Fig.
9.40) and an arbor press. Be sure the
grooves are positioned as stated in step
6a. Bushings must be pressed into the
bores flush with the casting face. Be sure
to support the castings so they are square
and level.
14. Position the bearing carrier housing (13) over
the gear housing (15) so that the bushings
receive the journals of the drive and driven
gears. Be sure to line up dowel pins with the
dowel holes
c.
Repeat Steps 1 and 3 (stone and rinse
parts).
7. Before inserting a new lip seal (17) in the shaft
end cover (16), coat the outer edge of the lip
seal and its recess with Permatex Aviation
Form-A-Gasket No. 3 non-hardening sealant
or equivalent. With the metal side of the lip
seal up, press it into the mounting flange side
of the shaft end cover with an arbor press and
special installation bar (paragraph 9.4.2b). Be
careful not to damage the lip of the seal.
Press in until flush with the recess. Wipe off
excess sealant.
8. Lubricate new gasket seals (11) and insert
them into the grooves in both sides of all gear
housings.
9. Position the first gear housing (15) over the
shaft end cover (16) and dowels. Tap it with a
soft hammer until it rests tightly against the
shaft end cover. Be careful not to pinch the
gasket seal (8). Also be sure the large
rounded core is on the inlet side
10. Assemble new channel seals (7) into the
grooves in all the thrust plates (8) with the flat
side of the seal facing away from the thrust
plate (Fig. 9.43).
11. Gently slip thrust plate (8) with seal (7) through
the gear housing and into place on the shaft
end cover (16). The channel seal should face
the shaft end cover. The relief groove in the
plate should face the outlet side of the pump.
9-65
15. Insert the connecting shaft (10) into the spline
of the drive gear shaft. Position the second
gear housing (12) on the bearing carrier
housing as described in step 8.
16. Place the thrust plate (8) with seal (7) in the
gear housing as described in step 11. Insert
the drive and driven gears of the second
section gear set (9) in their respective bearings. Make certain the gears are in contact
with the face of the thrust plate.
17. Slip thrust plate (8) with seal (7) over gear
journals and into housing bore. The flat side
of the seal should face up with the relief
groove facing the outlet side.
18. Place port end cover (4) over the gear journals. Align the dowel pins (5) with the holes in
the mating casting. Being careful not to pinch
the gasket seal (11), tap the port end cover
lightly in the center between bearing bores to
engage the dowels and to move parts together
in a final seating.
FLAT SIDE
OF SEAL
THRUST PLATE
MA0831
Fig. 9.43 Channel Seal Installation
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
19. Thread four studs (3), washers (2) nuts (1) into
shaft end cover (16) and tighten alternately or
cross corner. Rotate the drive shaft with a 6
inch wrench to make certain there is no
binding in the pump. After the fasteners are
tight and you are sure there is no internal
binding, torque the diagonally opposite
fasteners to 200 lb-ft (271,2 N m).
h. Installation
1. Place a new gasket (15, Fig. 9.37) and main
tandem pump (14) in position on the transmission and secure using two hex head
capscrews (12) and lock washers (13).
Torque capscrews to 75 lb-ft (101,7 N m).
provide a feed flow velocity not in excess of 8
feet per second.
6. Run the pump at least two minutes at no load
and moderate speed (not below 400 or over
1500 rpm). If the pump becomes excessively
hot, shut down immediately and locate the
problem source.
7. Gradually increase pressure on pump, in 500
psi increments until the desired test pressure
has been reached. This should take about
five minutes.
8. Average Output Specifications at 3500 psi
(241 bar)
Pump Section
Speed (RPM)
Output (GPM)
30 gpm
1000
11
3. Install elbow (11) and connector (10) to the
pump outlets.
30 gpm
1500
18
30 gpm
2000
24
4. Install small pump outlet hose assembly (8)
and large pump outlet hose assembly (9).
30 gpm
2500
30
15 gpm
1000
7
15 gpm
1500
11
15 gpm
2000
15.5
15 gpm
2500
20
2. Fill the pump inlet port and outlet ports with
hydraulic oil to provide initial lubrication
5. Install O-ring (7) in elbow (5). Position clamp
halves (6) and elbow (5) on pump inlet and
secure with four lock washers (4), and four
hex head capscrews (3). Torque capscrews
to 75 lb-ft (101,7 N m).
6. Check hose clamp (1) to be sure it is secure.
i.
Recommended Test Procedure
Perform pump testing in accordance with procedures in SAE Handbooks. Refer to Hydraulic
Pump Test Procedure SAE J745c.
1. Be sure to run the pump in the clockwise
direction (from the drive end). Driving the
pump in the wrong direction will build up
pressure behind the shaft seal, damaging it
and requiring replacement.
2. Be sure there is an adequate supply of oil for
the pump, at least one gallon of oil for each
gpm of pump capacity.
3. If one section of the tandem pump is being
tested, make sure that the other section which
is not being tested is adequately supplied with
oil. If any of the sections run dry, or if plugs
are left in ports, serious and permanent
damage will result.
4. Use a good quality Grade 46 hydraulic oil
rated at 215 SSU at 100 °F ±5 °F (38 °C ± 3 °
C). Refer to Specifications in this section.
5. The feed line must be of adequate size with no
more than 5" mercury vacuum adjacent to the
pump inlet. As a rule, the feed line must
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
j.
Recommended Start-up Procedure for New
or Rebuilt Pump
After connecting the lines and mounting the
replacement unit, start-up as follows:
1. Make sure that the pump suction line is
securely clamped at the pump inlet and the
reservoir.
2. Disconnect the fuel run solenoid to prevent the
engine from starting.
3. Turn the ignition switch to START position and
crank the engine for 15 to 25 seconds. This
will prime the main tandem pump.
4. Turn the ignition switch OFF.
5. Reconnect the fuel run solenoid.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT operate any boom or
steering functions during pump test.
6. Start the engine and operate the pump at least
two minutes at no load and at a speed of over
400 rpm but below 1500 rpm. During this
break-in period, the unit should run free and
not develop and excessive amount of heat. If
the unit operates properly, speed and pressure can then be increased to normal operating settings.
9-66
Section 9. Hydraulic System
5. Disconnect red electrical cable from power
terminal on solenoid.
9.4.2 Steering and Emergency Brake
Pump (S/N 7P0013 and Before)
a. Removal
Warning !
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
6. Tag, disconnect, and plug the hydraulic supply
hose (1) at the connector (2). Wire or otherwise
secure the hose to the frame to hold it up and
prevent oil from draining out of the reservoir.
Cap the connector.
2. Slowly loosen the fittings on the steering and
emergency brake pump as required to relieve
any trapped pressure
7. Tag, disconnect, and plug the pump outlet
hose (3) at the elbow (4). Cap the elbow.
3. Tag and disconnect yellow ground wire from
ground terminal of motor (15, Fig. 9.44).
8. Have an assistant support the pump and motor
assembly while removing two capscrews (5)
and lock washers (6) and remove from the
forklift.
4. Tag and disconnect wire from switch terminal
on solenoid (10).
15
7
5
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Supply Hose
Connector
Pump Outlet Hose
Elbow
Capscrew (2)
Lock Washer (2)
Terminal Cable
Screw (2)
Washer (2)
Solenoid
Capscrew (4)
Washer (4)
Pump
Coupling
Motor
Ground Strap
10
9
14
8
13
12
11
1
4
2
MA0841
3
Fig. 9.44 Steer and Emergency Brake Pump and Motor (S/N 7P0013 and Before)
9-67
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
b. Disassembly
1. Remove connector (2, Fig. 9.44) and elbow (4)
from the pump (13) if necessary.
2. Disconnect black electric terminal cable (7)
from the solenoid cable terminal and the motor
power terminal.
3. Remove solenoid (10) from motor (15) by
removing two screws (8) and washers (9).
NOTE: Normally the pump and motor assembly is
replaced as a complete unit. If the unit is under
warranty, do not disassemble further; refer the unit
to your JLG authorized dealer. The pump (2) and
motor (1) can be separated by removing four
screws (11) and washers (12).
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the motor (15, Fig. 9.44) in the
cleaning solvent, clean the pump and motor
assembly in an approved cleaning solvent and blow
dry.
2. Secure the pump and motor assembly to the
frame with two 3/8-16 UNC-28 hex head
capscrews (5, Fig. 9.44) and lock washers (6).
3. Connect the supply hose (1) and pump outlet
hose (3) to appropriate pump port fittings.
4. Connect the red electrical cable to the solenoid
power terminal.
5. Connect the yellow ground wire to the motor
ground terminal.
6. Connect the yellow switch wire to the solenoid
switch terminal.
g. Testing
Test operation of steering and emergency brake
pump (para 9.1.6).
d. Inspection and Replacement
9.4.3 Steering and Emergency Brake
Pump (S/N 7P0014 and After)
1. Inspect the pump and motor assembly.
a. Removal
2. Discard the complete pump and motor assembly if the pump (13, Fig. 9.44) or motor (15) is
damaged or defective.
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel selector
lever in neutral, and stop the engine.
e. Assembly
1. If pump and motor assembly was disassembled, install coupling (14, Fig. 9.44) on
pump (13).
2. Place the motor (15) in position on the pump
and secure with four screws (11) and washers
(12).
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
3. Position the solenoid (10) on the housing of the
motor and install two screws (8) and washers
(9) to secure.
2. Slowly loosen the fittings on the steering and
emergency brake pump as required to relieve
any trapped pressure
4. Check torque on bottom nut on the motor
ground terminal and power terminal and retorque to 100 lb-in (11,3 N m) maximum if
necessary.
3. Tag and disconnect yellow ground wire from
the end head assembly (10, Fig. 9.45).
5. Connect black electric terminal cable (7) to the
solenoid cable terminal and motor power
terminal. Torque this top terminal nuts to 35 lbin (3,9 N m) maximum.
6. Install connector (2) and elbow (4) in pump
(13).
f.
Installation
1. Place the pump and motor assembly on the
frame and support in position.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
4. Tag and disconnect wire from switch terminal
on solenoid (9).
5. Disconnect red electrical cable from power
terminal on solenoid.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic fluid
can cause severe burns.
9-68
Section 9. Hydraulic System
NOTE: Normally the pump and motor assembly is
replaced as a complete unit. If the unit is under
warranty, do not disassemble further; refer the unit
to your JLG authorized dealer.
6. Tag, disconnect, and plug the hydraulic supply
hose (1) at the connector (2). Wire or otherwise
secure the hose to the frame to hold it up and
prevent oil from draining out of the reservoir.
Cap the connector.
7. Tag, disconnect, and plug the pump outlet
hose (3) at the elbow (4). Cap the elbow.
c. Cleaning and Drying
8. Have an assistant support the pump and motor
assembly while removing two capscrews (5)
and lock washers (6) and remove from the
forklift.
Without submerging the motor (13, Fig. 9.45) in the
cleaning solvent, clean the pump and motor
assembly in an approved cleaning solvent and blow
dry.
b. Disassembly
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Disconnect black electric terminal cable (7,
Fig. 9.45) from the solenoid cable terminal and
the motor power terminal.
1. Inspect the pump and motor assembly.
2. Discard the complete pump and motor assembly if the pump (10, Fig. 9.45), end head
assembly (12) or motor (13) is damaged or
defective.
2. Remove solenoid (4) by removing two screws
(8).
3. Remove check valve (11) if replacement is
necessary.
13
7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Supply Hose
Connector
Pump Outlet Hose
Elbow
Capscrew (2)
Lock Washer (2)
Terminal Cable
Screw (2)
Solenoid
Pump
Check Valve
End Head Assembly
Motor
5
6
12
8
9
11
1
4
2
10
3
MA0851
Fig. 9.45 Steer and Emergency Brake Pump and Motor (S/N 7P0014 and After)
9-69
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
e. Assembly
1. If the pump and motor assembly was disassembled, mount the end head assembly (12,
Fig. 9.45) and pump (10) i on the motor (13)
and secure.
2. Secure the pump and motor assembly to the
frame with two 3/8-16 UNC-28 hex head
capscrews (5, Fig. 9.45) and lock washers (6).
3. Connect the supply hose (1) and pump outlet
hose (3) to appropriate pump port fittings.
2. Install check valve (11) in the end head
assembly (12).
4. Connect the red electrical cable to the solenoid
power terminal.
3. Install the solenoid (9) on the housing of the
motor (13) and secure with two screws (9).
5. Connect the yellow ground wire to the end head
assembly (12).
4. Connect black terminal cable (7) to the solenoid cable terminal and the motor power
terminal.
6. Connect the yellow switch wire to the solenoid
switch terminal.
f.
Installation
1. Place the pump and motor assembly on the
frame and support in position.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
g. Testing
Test operation of steering and emergency brake
pump (para 9.1.6).
9-70
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.5
TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Cannot Lower
Elevated load
Probable Cause
Remedy
Ruptured hoist or extend
hose
Lower load using Emergency Boom Lowering
instructions in Owners/Operators Manual.
Loss of engine power or
hydraulic pump failure
Lower load using Emergency Boom Lowering
instructions in Owners/Operators Manual.
Faulty main control valve
Repair main control valve (para 9.3.1).
Fluid level in reservoir is
low
Add fluid. Refer to Owners/Operators Manual.
Filler/breather is clogged
Clean or replace filler/breather.
Air leaks in suction line
Using an oil can containing system fluid, squirt
a little fluid on each joint of the suction line and
tighten any joint where fluid stopped the noise.
Double clamp if necessary.
Loose tandem pump
mounting hardware
Tighten mounting capscrews to 75 lb-ft (101,7
N m).
Loose pump sections
Tighten hardware to 200 lb-ft (271,2 N m). Refer
to para 9.4.1.
Defective tandem pump
Repair pump (para 9.4.1).
Damaged hose due to
tight bend
Replace hose and install without tight bends or
twists.
Pressure setting for main
relief valve is too high
Check and set the main relief valve (para 9.1.1).
Hose Cover Separated from Wire
Hose is twisted
Replace and make sure the hose does not turn
as swivel fitting is tightened.
Damaged Threads on
Fittings
Connections are too tight
or cross threaded
Repair hose fittings if possible or replace hose.
Boom Hoist or Extend Function Slow
or Malfunctioning
External fluid leakage at
tubes, hoses or fittings
Check and tighten connections at valves,
pumps and cylinders. Repair or replace faulty
hose(s).
Faulty relief valve setting
Set relief valves (para 9.1.1 and 9.1.2).
Internal leakage in cylinders
Repair cylinders as required (para 9.2.1 and
9.2.2).
Internal leakage in control
valve
Repair control valve as required (para 9.3.1).
Defective tandem pump
Repair tandem pump (para 9.4.1).
Cavitation and Noise
Ruptured Hose
9-71
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Trouble
Boom Hoist or
Extend Function
Drifts Grille Tilt Slow
or Malfunctioning
Probable Cause
Remedy
Defective counterbalance
valve or cylinder seals
Repair or replace cylinders seals and/or counterbalance valves as required (para 9.2.1 or 9.2.2).
External fluid leakage at
tubes, hoses or fittings
Check and tighten connections at valves, pumps
and cylinders. Repair or replace faulty hose(s).
Faulty relief valve setting
Check and set relief valve (para 9.1.3).
Internal leakage in cylinders
Repair cylinders as required (para 9.2.3 and
9.2.4).
Internal leakage in control
valve
Repair control valve as required (para 9.3.1).
Defective tandem pump
Repair tandem pump (para 9.4.1).
Grille Tilt Drifts
Defective grille tilt or slave
cylinders
Repair or replace cylinder (para 9.2.3 and 9.2.4).
Frame Tilt Slow or
Malfunctioning
External fluid leakage at
tubes, hoses or fittings
Check and tighten connections at valves, pumps
and cylinders. Repair or replace faulty hose(s).
Faulty relief valve setting
Check and set relief valve (para 9.1.4).
Internal leakage in cylinders
Repair cylinders as required (para 9.2.5).
Internal leakage in control
valve
Repair control valve as required (para 9.3.1).
Defective tandem pump
Repair tandem pump (para 9.4.1).
Frame Tilt Drifts
Defective check valves or
frame tilt cylinder
Repair or replace cylinder and check valves
(para 9.2.5).
Service Brakes Grab
Excessive hydraulic pressure
Adjust pressure reducing valve (para 9.1.5).
Low disc brake oil
Check and add oil to planetary wheel ends.
Refer to Owners/Operators manual.
Brake pedal not adjusted
correctly
Adjust pedal linkage (para 4.3.1).
Air in brake line
Bleed brake lines (para 9.3.2g).
Insufficient hydraulic pressure
Adjust pressure reducing valve (para 9.1.5).
Service Brakes
Spongy
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-72
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Trouble
Service Brakes Fail
to Release
Service Brake Failure
Park Lock Brake
Fails to Release
Park Lock Brake
Fails to Set
Power Steering Failure (Total)
No 4-Wheel or Crab
Steering or Failure to
Change Mode
9-73
Probable Cause
Remedy
Brake pedal not adjusted
correctly
Adjust pedal linkage (para 4.3.1).
Faulty brake valve
plunger, piston, or spring
Repair brake valve as required (para 9.3.2).
Ruptured hydraulic hose
Replace hose. Bleed brake lines (para 9.3.2g).
Faulty brake valve spring,
plunger, piston or valve
Repair brake valve as required (para 9.3.2).
Pressure reducing valve
failure
Install pressure reducing valve cartridge (para
9.3.7).
Insufficient pressure at
sequence valve
Adjust or replace cartridge (para 9.3.5) .
Defective discs or leakage
within brake
Repair service brakes using repair kits as required (para 5.2.2).
Ruptured hydraulic hose
Replace hose.
Defective park lock switch
Replace park lock switch (para 10.7.4).
Park lock release valve
fails to shift
Replace solenoid or valve (para 9.3.3).
Defective park lock
Install seal kit or other kits in park lock as required (para 5.2.6).
Corrosion, binding or worn
parts in park lock
Install repair kits in park lock as required (para
5.2.6).
Defective solenoid
Replace solenoid (para 9.3.3).
Defective switch
Replace switch (para 10.7.4).
Ruptured hydraulic hose
Replace hose.
Faulty power steering unit
Repair or replace power steering unit.
Tandem pump failure
Repair tandem pump (para 9.4.1).
Defective solenoid in steer
select valve
Repair steer select valve (para 9.3.4).
Faulty steer select switch
or wiring
Replace switch or repair wiring as required (para
10.7.7).
Broken spring in steer select valve
Repair steer select valve (para 9.3.4).
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Trouble
Steers too Slowly
Probable Cause
Remedy
Steer relief valve not set
correctly
Check and set relief valve (para 9.1.6).
Defective sequence valve
Install new cartridge or replace valve (para 9.3.5).
Steering cylinder leakage
Install cylinder seal kit(s) (para 9.2.6).
Wheel misalignment
Check and adjust wheel alignment as needed per
paragraph 5.2.5.
External leakage in system
Check and tighten connections at valves, pump
and cylinders. Repair or replace defective hose.
Internal leakage in cylinder
Install cylinder seal kit(s) (para 9.2.6).
Internal leakage in power
steering unit
Repair or replace power steering unit.
Defective steer select valve
Replace steer select valve (para 9.3.4).
Air in steering lines
Check and tighten loose connections. Operate
steering to purge system of air.
Faulty power steering unit
Repair or replace power steering unit.
External fluid leakage at
tubes, hoses or fittings
Check and tighten connections at valves, pumps
and cylinders. Repair or replace faulty hose(s).
Faulty relief valve setting
Check and set frame tilt relief valve (para 9.1.4).
Internal leakage in cylinder
Repair cylinder as required (para 9.2.7).
Internal leakage in control
valve
Repair control valve as required (para 9.3.1).
Defective tandem pump
Repair tandem pump (para 9.4.1).
Auxiliary Equipment
Drifts or Creeps
Leakage in auxiliary
cylinder(s)
Repair or replace cylinder(s) or check valve (para
9.2.7).
Tandem Pump Fails to
Deliver Fluid
Low level in reservoir
Check and fill hydraulic reservoir as described in
Owners/Operators manual.
Filler/breather on reservoir
is dirty
Clean or replace filler/breather.
Suction strainer clogged
Clean strainer as described in Owners/Operators
manual.
Suction line is restricted or
loose
Clean or replace suction line and/or tighten if
loose.
Front or Rear Wheels
Not Parallel in 2- or 4Wheel Steering
Steering is Spongy or
Noisy
Auxiliary Equipment
Slow or Malfunctions
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-74
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Trouble
Tandem Pump Fails to
Deliver Fluid
Cylinder Fails to Move
When Control Valve is
Actuated
Cylinder Movement is
Jerky
Cylinder Movement is
Sluggish
Cylinder Piston Rod
Drifts or Creeps
Relief Valve Doesn't
Hold Pressure Setting
Directional Control
Valve Does Not Return
9-75
Probable Cause
Remedy
Fluid viscosity is too heavy
to pick up prime
Check working temperature and service and
change fluid in system if necessary
Worn, broken or stuck
parts in pump
Repair tandem pump (para 9.4.1).
Faulty hose
Repair or replace hose.
Damaged cylinder
Repair or replace cylinder as required (para 9.2).
Defective main control
valve
Inspect and repair as required (para 9.3.1).
Air trapped in cylinder or in
hydraulic line
Inspect fluid for foam and bubbles. Check and
tighten connections. Bleed cylinder and lines as
required.
Binding of cylinder rod or
piston
Repair or replace cylinder (para 9.2).
Rod seal installed improperly
Disassemble cylinder and repair (para 9.2).
Binding of base end or rod
end bearing
Repair or replace bearing in applicable component
Defective counterbalance
cartridges (Hoist cylinders)
Replace cartridges (9.2.1).
Control valve not fully engaged
Engage control valve fully. Be sure that valve
linkage and drain lines are unrestricted.
Internal leakage or binding
in cylinder
Repair or replace cylinder (para 9.2).
Worn piston seals
Install cylinder seal kit (para 9.2).
Internal leaking in control
valve
Inspect control valve and install seal kit (para
9.3.1).
Tube is out-of-round
Replace tube and install seal kit (para 9.2).
Spring broken or has taken
a “set”
Disassemble valve, inspect and clean. Install
seal and spring kit (para 9.3.6).
Poppet stuck due to dirt or
deposits
Clean all foreign material from parts and check
operation (para 9.3.6). Poppets must slide freely
in valve body. If poppets slide freely, install seal
and spring kit. If poppets still stick, replace valve.
Excessive clearances between valve body and poppets
Excessive clearances will cause internal leakage.
Replace relief valve.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
Trouble
Directional Control
Valve Difficult to Shift
Directional Control
Valve Does Not
Return
Shifting of Operator
Lever Fails to Cause
Spool in Directional
Control Valve to Shift
Probable Cause
Remedy
Binding valve cable linkage
Check cable linkage and lubricate or free up as
required.
Broken internal parts
Disassemble control valve and replace broken
parts (para 9.3.1).
Scored valve body bore
causing leakage between
spool and body
Inspect valve body and spool and replace valve
section if scored (para 9.3.1).
Broken centering spring
Disassemble valve and replace broken spring
(para 9.3.1).
Too much friction in linkage
connecting valve to operating lever
Clean and lubricate the linkage and make sure it
operates freely.
Dirt in valve
Disassemble and clean control valve thoroughly
(par 9.3.1).
Sheared pin in connection
to valve
Check all joints for faulty connections.
Check main control valve
forbroken spool
Replace applicable valve section.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-76
GRILLE TILT BACK
2650 PSI
GRILLE TILT
CYLINDER
GRILLE TILT FORWARD
2650 PSI
BRAKE
VALVE
LEFT FRONT
BRAKE CYL.
OPERATOR'S
CAB
STEER
CYL.
STEER
CYL.
RIGHT FRONT
BRAKE CYL.
FRAME TILT
CYLINDER
R
P
L
T
POWER
STEERING
UNIT
3 GPM
STEERING &
EMERGENCY
BRAKE
PUMP
200
MESH
HYDRAULIC
RESERVOIR
FRAME TILT RIGHT - 1200 PSI
IN
STEERING
RELIEF
VALVE
PARK LOCK
RELEASE
VALVE
2500
PSI
1
3
P
SEQUENCE
VALVE
B
A
1
2
3
1 23
575
PSI
525
PSI
OUT
RETRACT
2650 PSI
EXTEND
2650 PSI
Grille Frame
Tilt
Tilt
PRESS.
RED.
VALVE
Boom Boom
Hoist Extend
T
STEER
SELECT
VALVE
10
MICRON
2
MAIN
FILTER
MAIN
HYDRAULIC
VALVE
3000 PSI
MAIN
RELIEF
EXTEND CYLINDER
LOWER
3000 PSI
15
GPM
HOIST
2650 PSI
HOIST
2650 PSI
LOWER
3000 PSI
9-77
FRAME TILT LEFT - 1200 PSI
OUT
IN
PARK
LOCK
SER. FORM - 015
Revised 3/29/89
LEFT HOIST CYLINDER
30
GPM
MAIN
PUMP
SLAVE
CYLINDER
RIGHT HOIST CYLINDER
6036 HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC - S/N 9B0499 and Before
STEER
CYL.
STEER
CYL.
LEFT REAR
BRAKE CYL.
(Optional)
RIGHT REAR
BRAKE CYL.
(Optional)
Section 9. Hydraulic System
MA0861
Fig. 9.46 Hydraulic Schematic for SKYTRAK 6036 Forklift — S/N 9B0499 and Before
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.6
SPECIFICATIONS
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
System Capacity
38 gallons (143,8 liter)
Reservoir Capacity
24 gallons (90,8 liter)
Hydraulic Oil Level
(all cylinders retracted)
Oil level to be visible in reservoir sight gauge when oil is
cold (room temperature). Fill and maintain system level
with clean, filtered hydraulic oil.
Type of Hydraulic Oil
Anti-wear hydraulic oil per ISO Grade 46 or ASTM.
Viscosity SSU 215 at 100 °F (38 °C) including the
following:
Amoco Rykon 46
Arco Duro AW-S-215
Benz Petraulic 46-LC
Chevron AW 46
Citgo Pacemaker XD-46
Gulf Harmony 46 AW
Mobil DTE-25
Shell Tyllus 46
Sun Sunvis 821 WR
Texaco Rando HD-46 l
Interval for Hydraulic Oil Change
Annual
Filter Capacity
1 quart (0,95 liter)
Interval for Hydraulic Filter Change
After first 50 hours of operation,
every 1000 hours of operation thereafter, or
after any hydraulic component failure and repair
Relief Valve Settings:
Steering Relief (15 gpm pump)
2475 ± 25 psi (170,5 ± 1,7 bar)
Main Hydraulic Relief (30 gpm pump)
3000 ± 50 psi (206,7 ± 3,4 bar)
Boom Hoist Relief
2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar)
Boom Extend Relief
2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar)
Grille Tilt Reliefs
2650 ± 50 psi (182,6 ± 3,4 bar)
Frame Tilt Reliefs
1200 ± 50 psi (82,7 ± 3,4 bar)
Sequence Valve Setting
575 ± 25 psi (39,6 ± 1,7 bar)
Pressure Reducing Valve Setting
525 ± 25 psi (36,2 ± 1,7 bar)
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
9-78
Section 9. Hydraulic System
9.6
SPECIFICATIONS (cont.)
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (CONT.)
Performance:
9-79
Boom Extend, Horizontal, No Load
12 to 15 seconds
Boom Retract, Horizontal, No Load
10 to 13 seconds
Boom Raise, No Load
11 to 13 seconds
Boom Lower, No Load
8 to 10 seconds
Grille Tilt Up, No Load
4 to 6 seconds
Grille Tilt Down, No Load
3.5 to 5.5 seconds
Frame Tilt Full Left to Full Right, No Load
8 to 12 seconds
Frame Tilt Full Right to Full Left, No Load
7 to 11 seconds
Steering Wheel Turns, Lock to Lock
4.0 to 4.5 turns
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
Section 10. Electrical System
SECTION 10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
CONTENTS
Par.
Title
Page
Par.
Page
10.1
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
10-2
10.1.1
Service Warnings
and Recommendations
Effective Ground Connections
10-2
10-3
10.2
WARNING DEVICES
10-3
10.2.1
10.2.2
Horn
Backup Alarm
and Reverse Switch
Park Lock Warning Light
Warning Lights
10-3
10.8.9
Engine Low Oil Pressure Switch
Engine Coolant
High Temperature Sender
Alternator Not Charging Light
Transmission
High Temperature Sender
Fuel Gauge
10-4
10-4
10-5
10.9
OPTIONAL LIGHTING SYSTEM
10.9.1
Directional and
Emergency Flasher Switch
Momentary Brake Light
(Stop Light)
Momentary Brake Light Switch
Headlight and
Rear Work Light Switch
10-52
10.10
WINDSHIELD WASHER/WIPER
10-52
10.10.1
Windshield Washer/Wiper Switch
(Enclosed Cab Only)
Windshield Washer Motor and
Reservoir (Enclosed Cab Only)
Windshield Wiper Motor
(Enclosed Cab Only)
10.1.2
10.2.3
10.2.4
10.3
WIRING HARNESSES
10-5
10.4
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
10.5
STARTING CIRCUIT
10.5.1
10.5.2
Testing Starter in Forklift
How to Check Voltage Loss
in the Starting Circuit
Starter
Starting Motor Relay
Thermo Start Plug
for Cold Weather Starting
10-12
10-14
10-19
10.6
CHARGING CIRCUIT
10-21
10.6.1
10.6.2
Alternator
Batteries
10-21
10-29
10.7
SWITCHES AND SOLENOIDS
10-33
10.7.1
10.7.2
10.7.3
10.7.4
10.7.5
Ignition (Key) Switch
Neutral Start Switch
Fuel Run Solenoid
Park Lock Switch
Park Lock Release
Valve Solenoid
Reverse Switch
Steer Select Switch
Steer Select Valve Solenoid
10-33
10-35
10-35
10-36
10.5.3
10.5.4
10.5.5
10.7.6
10.7.7
10.7.8
10.8
10.8.1
10.8.2
10.8.3
10.8.4
10-1
10-5
10-9
10-10
10-20
10-37
10-39
10-39
10-40
GAUGES AND
INDICATOR LIGHTS
10-40
Removal of the Gauge Cluster
Installation of the Gauge Cluster
Hourmeter
Warning Lights
10-40
10-40
10-41
10-42
10.8.5
10.8.6
Title
10.8.7
10.8.8
10.9.2
10.9.3
10.9.4
10.10.2
10.10.3
10.11
10-43
10-44
10-44
10-44
10-45
10-49
10-49
10-51
10-51
10-52
10-53
10-55
FAN SWITCH AND
FAN MOTOR (OPTIONAL)
10-58
10.12
CAB HEATER
(ENCLOSED CAB ONLY)
10-58
10.12.1
Cab Heater Switch
(Enclosed Cab Only)
Heater Fan Motor and Coil
(Enclosed Cab Only)
10.12.2
10.13
10.13.1
10.13.2
EMERGENCY BRAKING
AND STEERING SYSTEM
10-58
10-60
10-61
Low Oil Pressure Switch
Steering and
Emergency Hydraulic Pump
(S/N 7P0013 and Before)
Steering and
Emergency Hydraulic Pump
(S/N 7P0014 and After)
10-63
10.14
TROUBLESHOOTING
10-64
10.15
SPECIFICATIONS
10-83
10.13.3
10-61
10-62
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
10.1.1 Service Warnings
and Recommendations
1
2
Warning !
3
B
4
• DO NOT disconnect the battery while the
engine is running. This will cause a voltage
surge in the alternator charging system that
will immediately ruin the diodes or transistors.
5
A
MA0871
A.
B.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The area around the base of the stud (the outside
diameter of lock washer (5)) shall be free of paint.
Stud, bolt, or capscrew
Hex nut or lock nut
Tooth or slot type lock washer
Flat washer
Electrical ground or grounds
Tooth type lock washer
Fig. 10.1 Recommended Sequence of Parts for
Electrical Wire Grounding
10.1 SYSTEM COMPONENTS
The electrical system produces, stores, distributes
and uses electricity in the operation of the forklift.
Electricity is produced by an engine-driven alternator which has a solid state voltage regulator.
Current from the alternator charges the battery
and powers components.
The battery provides power for starting the engine
and supplements the output of the alternator
during periods of peak demand.
Other electrically powered components include a
horn, neutral start switch, steer select valve; park
lock release valve, reverse switch and backup
alarm; an hourmeter, a fuel level sender and
gauge, and a cluster of warning lights.
A forklift may have the following electrical options:
• a lighting system with headlights, tail lights,
directional signals, emergency flashers and
rear work light;
• an enclosed cab with air circulating and
heater fans and a windshield washer and
wiper
NOTE: Forklifts built thru Serial Number 9B0499
have an electrically powered hydraulic pump. This
pump maintains hydraulic pressure for power
steering and service and park lock brakes if
engine oil pressure falls below a predetermined
level. The pump is actuated by an oil pressure
switch which actuates a solenoid which in turn
starts the pump if engine oil pressure falls below 4
psi (0,3 bar).
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
• DO NOT disconnect any wiring without first
stopping the engine, turning all electrical
switches to the OFF position and disconnecting the battery ground cable from the battery.
• DO NOT cause a short circuit by connecting
leads to incorrect terminals. Always identify
a lead to its correct terminal. A short circuit
or wrong connection giving reverse polarity
will immediately and permanently ruin
transistors and diodes.
• DO NOT connect a battery into the system
without checking for correct polarity and
voltage.
• DO NOT “flash” connections to check for
current flow. No matter how brief the contact
the transistors may be ruined.
• Wear safety glasses when working near
batteries.
• All lead-acid batteries generate hydrogen gas
which is highly flammable. If ignited by a
spark or flame, the gas may explode violently
causing spraying of acid, fragmentation of the
battery, and possible severe personal
injuries, particularly to the eyes.
• Avoid battery acid. In case of contact with
acid, flush immediately with water.
• Charge batteries only in a well-ventilated
area. Always be sure battery chargers are
OFF when connecting to or disconnecting
from batteries.
• See Delco Remy Service Bulletin 1B115 and
1B-116 for additional safety information and
procedures.
These instructions assume that all wires are
connected and routed as designed. Take into
account any disconnected and rerouted wires
before you begin any diagnosis. By referring to
the wiring diagrams, you can test circuits for
continuity or shorts by using a conventional test
light, ohmmeter, multimeter or low reading voltmeter.
10-2
Section 10. Electrical System
1
2
10.2 WARNING DEVICES
3
Warning devices are a horn and a backup alarm.
A
B
MA0881
A.
Partial sectional view of component to be
grounded
Stud, bolt or capscrew
Hex nut or lock nut
Tooth or slot type lock washer or locking nut with
slotted type lock washer
Flat washer
B.
1.
2.
3.
Warning lights indicate when engine coolant
reaches 210 °F (99 °C), when engine oil pressure
falls below 4 psi (0,3 bar), when the alternator isn’t
producing voltage, and when hydraulic oil exceeds
250 ± 5 °F (121 ± 3 °C). Please refer to paragraph
10.8.4.
10.2.1 Horn
Press the momentary-contact horn button (2, Fig.
10.39) on the control console to sound the horn (7,
Fig. 10.5) which is located near the gear drop box.
The sound is produced by a solenoid-actuated
diaphragm in the horn that develops a resonating
air column in the horn projector.
Fig. 10.2 Recommended Sequence of Parts
for Electrical Grounding of a Component
at a Mechanical Support
10.1.2 Effective Ground Connections
Effective ground connections are essential to the
efficient operation of electrical components. The
sequence for installing attaching parts at electrical
grounds is shown in Figs. 10.1 and 10.2 Refer to
special grounding instructions for the optional
windshield washer reservoir and cab heater.
If the horn doesn’t sound when you press the horn
button, check for an open circuit breaker, corrosion on the horn mounting, or a loose wire. Test
the horn switch for continuity when the horn button
is pressed. If these tests do not reveal the problem, remove the horn from the forklift and test the
horn using short heavy gauge wires connected to
a fused or protected 6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc
power supply.
7
9
8
10
1
2
C
A
6
3
5
4
MA0891
B
A.
B.
C.
Mounting plate is welded to
and supported by forklift frame
Air cleaner mounting band
Air cleaner assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Hex nut
Lock washer
Tooth type lock washer
Hex head bolt
Hex head bolt
6.
7.
8.
9.
Tooth type lock washer
Lock nut
Ground wire
Wire 31
Fig. 10.3 Backup Alarm as Viewed Through the Engine Door on Right Side of the Forklift
10-3
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
10.2.2 Backup Alarm
and Reverse Switch
A backup alarm sounds when the forward-neutralreverse travel select lever is in reverse. The alarm
is located above the air cleaner in the engine
compartment. It is energized by a reverse switch
that is mounted on the transmission shifter under
the left front console panel .
a. Backup Alarm Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Disconnect alarm wiring.
3. While supporting the backup alarm, remove
two bolts (5, Fig. 10.3) and lock washers (6).
4. Lift backup alarm (10) from forklift.
b. Backup Alarm Disassembly
To replace the bulb within the warning light,
remove the lower panel (7, Fig. 10.40) which is
secured by four capscrews (6). To gain access to
the bulb, pull straight downward on the lower part
of the park lock warning light.
b. Light Removal
To replace the park lock warning light, continue as
follows:
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Remove the lower panel (7, Fig. 10.40) which
is secured by four capscrews (6). Disconnect
the wiring to the light.
3. Remove the nut and locknut and lift the light
from the console.
c. Light Installation
Do not disassemble the backup alarm.
1. Position the light in the console and install
locknut and nut.
c. Backup Alarm Cleaning and Drying
2. Connect wiring to light.
Without submerging the backup alarm, clean the
alarm using an approved solvent and dry with a
lint-free cloth.
3. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
HOURMETER
FUEL GAUGE
WARNING
LIGHTS
d. Backup Alarm Inspection and Replacement
1. Test backup alarm by using short heavy
gauge wires connected to a fused or protected 6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc power
supply.
2. Replace backup alarm if it malfunctions.
e. Backup Alarm Installation
1. While positioning backup alarm on mounting
plate, secure alarm to plate using two lock
washers (6) and two capscrews (5).
2. Connect alarm wiring.
OA0031
BULB
TEST
BUTTON
3. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
4. Test backup alarm.
f.
Engine Oil Pressure—Indicates low
engine oil pressure.
Reverse Switch
Please refer to paragraph 10.7.6 for reverse
switch instructions.
Engine Water Temperature—
Indicates high coolant temperature.
10.2.3 Park Lock Warning Light
Alternator Charging—Indicates
alternator is not charging.
The park lock warning light, Fig. 10.43, illuminates
when the park lock switch is in the UP or FORWARD position.
OA0750
a. Bulb Replacement
You will find the number of the bulb in the Electrical Specifications Table at the end of this section.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Transmission Oil Temperature—
Indicates high transmission Oil
Temperature.
Fig. 10.4 Warning Lights Signal Dangerous
Operating Conditions
10-4
Section 10. Electrical System
10.2.4
Warning Lights
There are four warning lights in a cluster between
the hourmeter and fuel gauge. When you turn the
ignition key to the RUN position the Engine Oil
Pressure and Alternator Charge indicators will light.
This is a normal condition. While the engine is
running, all lights should be OFF. However, if any
of the lights go ON a potentially dangerous condition exists.
Directly to the right of the instrument cluster is a
warning light bulb test button. With ignition switch
in RUN and the engine OFF, depress this button to
test all four warning lights. If any of the lights are
burnt out, replace the bulb(s) immediately. You will
find the bulb number in the Electrical Specifications
Table at the end of this section.
10.3 WIRING HARNESSES
The forklift has harnesses (1 and 2, Fig 10.5) for
cab and engine wiring. A forklift with an optional
lighting system will have a separate lighting
harness (1, Fig 10.53). Each wire within a harness
is identified by a wire number on the electrical
schematic and on both ends of each wire.
a. Removal
1. Remove a wiring harness only if damaged or
unusable.
2. You may prefer to install the new harness as
you remove the old harness.
3. Tag the terminal locations of all wires, harness
clips and tie wraps as you remove the old
harness as required to permit identical installation of the new harness.
b. Disassembly
When replacing wires, it is important that the
correct gage size be used. Never replace a wire
with one of a smaller gage size.
e. Installation
The harnesses are held securely in place by clips
or other devices to prevent chafing or wearing of
the insulation due to vibration. Be careful to install
harness clips and tie wraps in the locations tagged
on the forklift and the old harness in step a.
10.4 CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Circuit breakers, (1 thru 6, Fig 10.6) protect the
electrical system. The breakers are mounted
inside the right console on the outside cab wall
below the fork and frame tilt control lever. A
breaker will trip if there is a shorted or grounded
wire in the applicable circuit. It will automatically
reset once it cools.
A circuit breaker has a bimetallic arm and a pair of
contact points. When the current exceeds preset
limits, the arm gets hot, bends, and opens the
contact points. This shuts off the current through
the circuit and protects against damage or fire.
If a breaker continually trips, check the system for
shorts, grounds or defective components.
Under normal operating conditions a circuit breaker
should never require replacement. However, if a
breaker doesn’t automatically reset, the breaker is
defective and must be replaced.
The ignition switch feed for the entire electrical
system is protected by a 40 A circuit breaker (4,
Fig. 10.6), the horn, backup alarm and optional cab
heater fan by a 10 A circuit breaker (2), and the
control circuits by two 6 A circuit breakers (1 and
3). A forklift with an enclosed cab has an additional
6 A circuit breaker (5) that protects the windshield
washer/wiper switch and the circulation fan.
An optional light package includes head lights and
a rear work light, and stop, directional, hazard
(emergency flasher) and tail lights in a circuit which
is protected by a 15 A circuit breaker (6).
c. Cleaning and Drying
a. Removal of Individual Circuit Breaker and
Circuit Breaker Bracket
Clean a wiring harness using a natural bristle brush
and the same detergents you would use to clean
the forklift. Allow to air dry with surface temperatures not to exceed 300 °F (149 °C).
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from batteries.
d. Inspection and Replacement
Replace a harness only if damaged or unusable. If
you must splice a wire or repair one that is broken,
always use rosin core solder to bond the splice.
Use insulating tape to cover all splices or bare
wires.
10-5
2. Tag and disconnect wiring from circuit breaker
by removing hex nuts and lock washers.
3. Each circuit breaker is held in the circuit
breaker bracket by spring tension only. Remove circuit breaker by inserting small slot
screwdriver between circuit breaker bracket and
left edge of circuit breaker and tilt breaker out
of bracket
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
This Page Left Blank Intentionally
RED
BLK
GRN
Section 10. Electrical System
OPTIONAL CIRCUIT BREAKER
FOR WINDSHIELD WASHER/WIPER
43
54
OPTIONAL
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
28
30
38
L
P
H
W
36
B
13
25
12
44
17
33
G
5
1
I
12 11
3
10
13
14
15
4
3
16
15
24
25
1
3
32
30
2
26
52
2
32
34
24
49
S
47
22
27
1
13
6
11
18
48
51
10
27
24 12 42 20
35
22
36
34
26 20
14
17
15
12
31
50
2
OPTIONAL
CAB HEATER
2
8
9
11
57
6
OPTIONAL
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
9
8
45
1
18
10
23
14
33
41
41
42
RED
24
31
2
20
BLK
9
56
9
2
55
2
8
53
PA1081
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Cab Harness
Engine Harness
Battery, 12 Volt (2)
Battery Cable, negative
Battery Cable, positive
Starter Ground Cable
Horn
Wire Assembly
Male Terminal (4)
Circuit Breaker, 40 A
Circuit Breaker, 10 A
Circuit Breaker, 6 A (2, 3 are required if forklift
has an enclosed cab)
13. Circuit Breaker Bracket
14. Hex Nut, 1/4 (2)
15. Lock Washer, 1/4 (2)
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
Backup Alarm
Capscrew, hex hd, 5/16 NC x 3-1/2 (2)
Hex Nut, 5/16 (2)
Lock Washer, 5/16 (2)
Ring terminal #6
Hex Nut, 3/8 (2)
Lock Washer, 3/8 (2)
Washer Reservoir Assembly
Ignition Switch with Keys
Ignition Key
Eyelet terminal, 1/4
Transmission Temperature Sender
Wire Assembly (closed cab only)
Engine Low Oil Pressure Sender
Tie Wrap (9, not shown)
Fig. 10.5 Drawing 1 Cab Harness and Components of Electrical System
10-6
38
20
46
39
16
25
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
40
41
27
42
7
NOT
USED
17 21
4
21
18
38
25
35
16
31
34
10
4
28
28
27
15
36
33
34
14
14 37
17
29
15
31
32
34
31
5
16
26
6
6
2
25
5
18
61
38
10
20
36
29
37
27
37
19
19
5
29
16
17
18
19
6
20
36
58
39
5
38
21
22
4
21
22
59
60
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
ITEM 30 IS TIE WRAP WHICH IS NOT SHOWN
PA0684
3
Emergency Pump Oil Pressure Sender
Street Tee, 1/8 NPT
Water Temperature Sender
Fuel Run Solenoid
Neutral Start Switch
Starter Relay
Starter
Starter Solenoid
Alternator
Electric Motor for Brake and Steering Hydraulic
Pump
Solenoid for Electric Motor
Fuel Level Sender
Air Circulation Fan
Windshield Washer/Wiper Switch
Park Lock Brake Light
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
Park Lock Brake Switch
Test Switch
Steer Select Switch
Horn Button
Hourmeter
Warning Lights Gauge
Fuel Gauge
Reverse Switch
Windshield Wiper Motor
Steer Select Valve Solenoid (2)
Park Lock Release Valve Solenoid
Heater Switch Kit
Protection Conduit
Shake Proof Washer, 3/8 (2)
Capscrew, hex head, 3/8-16 x 1 (2)
Thermo Start Plug
Fig. 10.5 Drawing 2 Engine Harness and Components of Electrical System
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-7
Section 10. Electrical System
Electrical System Circuits
Use with Fig. 10.5 Electrical System
Wire No. Color
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
38
39
40
41
42
10-8
Gauge
Black
White
White
White
White
White
White
Red
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Not Used
Yellow
Yellow
Red
Red
Red
Red
Yellow
Black
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Black
Yellow
Yellow
Red
Not Used
Red
Red
Yellow
Red
Red
Yellow
Black
Red
Yellow
Red
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Black
Black
Yellow
Yellow
White
Not Used
Yellow
Yellow
From
To
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
10
14
8
16
Ignition Key Switch (24)
Hour Meter (50)
Warning Lights Test Switch (47)
Fuel Level Gauge (52)
Steer Select Solenoid (55)
Steer Select Solenoid (55)
Park Lock Release Valve Solenoid (56)
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
Engine Low Oil Pressure Switch (31)
Alternator (39)
Alternator (39)
Park Lock Brake Switch (46)
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ignition Key Switch (24)
Brake Hydraulic Pump Solenoid
Starter Solenoid (38)
Alternator Warning Light (51)
14
14
14
14
16
16
16
14
16
16
16
16
10
12
16
16
Steer Select Switch (48)
Steer Select Switch (48)
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
Warning Lights Gauge (51)
Park Lock Brake Switch (46)
Water Temperature Switch (33)
Engine Oil Pressure Switch (29)
Fuel Level Sender (42)
Transmission Temperature Switch (27)
Starter Relay (36)
Circuit Breaker Bracket (13)
Fuel Level Sender (42)
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
Steer Select Solenoid (55)
Steer Select Solenoid (55)
Low Oil Pressure Switch (31)
Steer Select Switch (48)
Hourmeter (50)
Fuel Level Gauge (52)
Warning Lights Test Switch (47)
Neutral Start Switch (35)
Water Temperature Light (51)
Engine Oil Pressure Light (51)
Fuel Gauge (52)
Transmission Warning Light (51)
Starter Solenoid (38)
Frame Ground at Battery
Hydraulic Pump (40) Case Ground
Warning Lights Gauge (51)
14
14
14
10
10
16
10
14
14
14
14
16
16
10
14
16
16
14
10 A Circuit Breaker (11)
10 A Circuit Breaker (11)
Horn Button Switch (49)
40 A Circuit Breaker (10)
40 A Circuit Breaker (10)
Fuel Run Solenoid (34)
Starter Relay (36)
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
Reverse Switch (53)
6 A Circuit Breaker
Windshield Washer (23)
Ignition Key Switch (24)
Not Used
Ignition Key Switch (24)
Starter Relay (36)
Not Used
6 A Circuit Breaker (12)
Park Lock Brake Light (45)
Horn Button Switch (49)
Reverse Switch (53)
Horn (25)
Ignition Key Switch (24)
Starter Solenoid (38)
Ground to Engine
Starter Solenoid (38)
Air Circulation Fan (43)
Backup Alarm (16)
Washer/Wiper Switch (44)
Washer/Wiper Switch (44)
Fuel Run Solenoid (34)
14
14
Park Lock Release Valve Solenoid (56) Park Lock Brake Switch (46)
6 A Circuit Breaker
Park Lock Brake Switch (46)
Thermo Start Plug (61)
Neutral Start Switch (35)
10 A Circuit Breaker (10)
Ground
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
5
1
2
3
4
6
10.5 STARTING CIRCUIT
When you turn the ignition key to start the engine
with the transmission in neutral, the starting circuit
actuates a starter relay, a starter solenoid, a
starter and a fuel run solenoid. The fuel run
solenoid opens a valve which supplies fuel to the
injection pump.
When starting in a cold environment, turning the
key to a position between run and start for a few
moments before starting, will supply current to a
thermo start plug in the intake manifold. The plug
ignites a fuel-air mixture in the intake manifold to
facilitate cold weather starting.
The starting circuit functions as follows:
OA0482
1. Circuit breaker, 6 A, protects steering select
valve circuit
2. Circuit breaker, 10 A, protects horn and backup
alarm (and optional cab heater fan) circuit
3. Circuit breaker, 6 A, protects instrument panel,
park lock solenoid switch
4. Circuit breaker, 40 A, protects ignition system
feed for entire electrical system
5. Circuit breaker, 6 A, protects enclosed cab
windshield washer/wiper and circulation fan
circuits (this breaker is optional and will not be
found on forklifts with an open cab)
6. Circuit breaker, 15 A, protects the optional
lighting package
Fig. 10.6 Circuit Breakers
4
Disconnect wiring from all of the circuit breakers in the bracket.
5. Remove two nuts, lock washers and two
washers and slide bracket over the studs.
b. Installation of Circuit Breaker Bracket and
Individual Circuit Breaker
1. Slide circuit breaker bracket over two studs
and secure using two washers, lock washers
and hex nuts.
2. Position the terminal marked “BAT” on the
circuit breaker terminal plate to your right and
snap each circuit breaker into bracket using a
small slot screwdriver.
3. Secure tagged wiring to respective terminals
using lock washers and hex nuts.
4. Connect battery ground cable to the battery.
1. Current from the batteries (1, Fig. 10.7) flows
through the positive battery cable (2) to the
starter solenoid (3).
2. It then flows to circuit breaker (4) and to
terminal “1” of the ignition switch (5).
3. When the key (6) is turned to the START
position, current flows through contacts in the
ignition switch to the park lock brake switch
(7).
4. If the park lock brake is set, current flows
through contacts in the brake switch to the
neutral start switch (8).
5. If the transmission select lever is in neutral,
current flows through contacts in the neutral
start switch to energize the coil of the starter
relay (9). The relay closes contacts which
allow current to energize the starter solenoid
(3) and operate the starter.
6. When the solenoid and related mechanisms
cause the starter pinion to engage a gear on
the flywheel, the starter motor rotates the
gear, crankshaft and related components in
the engine.
7. When the ignition key was turned in step 3,
the fuel run solenoid opened a valve to supply
fuel to the fuel injection pump. As the starter
rotated the engine components, the fuel
injection pump and related lines and injectors
supplied fuel to the cylinders.
8. When the pistons compress this injected fuel,
ignition occurs, the engine runs and the starter
pinion retracts.
9. As the engine runs, it operates an alternator
which recharges the battery which was used
during the starting cycle.
5. Check operation of circuits.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-9
Section 10. Electrical System
TO THERMO
START PLUG
FROM
ALTERNATOR
13
TO FUEL RUN
SOLENOID
29
9
4
34
3
3
15
11
3
4
10
1
7
2
39
14
41
42
31
27
5
1
14
19
37
2
26
16
8
5
6
5
24
TO BRAKE RELEASE
VALVE
FROM 6 A
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
12
1
MA0901
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Battery, 12 V
Positive Battery Cable
Starter Solenoid
Circuit Breaker, 40 A
Ignition Switch
Ignition Key
Park Lock Brake Switch
Neutral Start Switch
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Starter Relay
Starter
Starter Ground Cable
Negative Battery Ground Cable
Circuit Breakers
Brake Light
Male Terminal
Wire Assembly
Fig. 10.7 Starting Circuit
10. When the ignition key is released after starting, it returns to a neutral position where it
directs current to circuit breakers (13) which
distribute current for the operation of forklift
controls, gauges and equipment.
11. When the ignition key is turned to the OFF
position, contacts within the ignition switch are
opened and the fuel run solenoid valve closes,
blocking the flow of fuel to the fuel injection
pump.
10.5.1 Testing Starter in Forklift
General Starter Checks
If nothing happens when you turn the ignition key:
1. The 40 A circuit breaker may be open and
require replacement;
2. There may be a defect in the ignition switch,
ignition wiring, or starter solenoid;
10-10
3. Check the condition of the batteries as described in paragraph 10.6.2. Clean the battery
posts and the connectors at each end of the
battery cables. Also check the ground cable
between the starter mounting bolt and the
frame.
4. Check for broken wires and damaged insulation on the wires. Replace all broken or
damaged wiring.
5. Check all connections at the starter solenoid,
key switch, and wiring harness plugs. Clean
and tighten all connections.
6. If the starter still does not run after you do
these checks, check the starting circuit.
Starter Circuit Checks–Test 1
1. With the key turned to the RUN position, use a
jumper wire to try shorting the positive battery
cable to the solenoid starter connection. If the
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
BATTERY
NEGATIVE(–)
BATTERY
TERMINAL
POSITIVE (+)
BATTERY
TERMINAL
SUN ELECTRIC VAT-33 TESTER
IGNITION SWITCH TERMINAL
STARTER
SOLENOID
BATTERY
TERMINAL
LINK
STRAP
WASHER
NUT
STARTER
BATTERY
TERMINAL
STARTER MOTOR
TERMINAL
MA0911
END VIEW OF STARTER SOLENOID
Fig. 10.8 Positive and Negative Battery Cables with End View of Starter Solenoid
starter now cranks, the problem is in the wiring
circuit. If the solenoid fails to “click” the starter
is probably defective.
2. If you hear a “whirring” noise but the engine
does not crank, the starter is spinning but is
not engaging the flywheel. The starter drive or
solenoid that pushes the drive forward to
engage the flywheel may be defective. Missing teeth on the flywheel can also prevent the
starter from cranking the engine.
3. If the starter only “clicks”, it might indicate
discharged batteries or a loose or corroded
battery cable connection(s). Check battery
charge and condition first.
4. The starter is usually bad if it does nothing at
all (even when jumped), if it cranks very
sluggishly, or if it makes grinding noises while
cranking.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Starter Circuit Checks–Test 2
1. If the forklift is equipped with lighting, switch
on the lights. If not, connect a 0-20 Vdc
voltmeter across the battery terminals before
proceeding. Disconnect the wire from the fuel
shut off solenoid at the fuel injection pump.
Turn the ignition switch to START and watch
for the following symptoms:
• The lamps dim (or the voltmeter reading
drops to about 6 volts, and the starter
motor does not crank the engine). Check
the batteries (must be at least halfcharged) and battery lugs (clean and with
a good ground connection).
• If the lamps do not dim (or the voltmeter
reading remains steady at about 12 volts,
and the starter does not crank the engine,
connect voltmeter between the BAT
10-11
Section 10. Electrical System
solenoid terminal and the starter yoke.
Operate the starter.
2. If no volts are indicated, check for:
• poor lug connections at battery
• bad ground connection
• broken starter lead, batteries to starter
3. If full voltage (12 to 14 V) is indicated, check
for:
• Faulty solenoid switch
• Open circuit in starter (check brushes)
4. Reconnect the wire from the fuel shut off
solenoid at the fuel injection pump.
b. Test 1—Voltage Loss in Complete Starting
Circuit
1. Disconnect the wire from the fuel run solenoid
(2, Fig. 10.42) at fuel injection pump, Fig. 10.9.
2. Turn ignition key to the ON position.
3. Connect a remote starter button to the battery
and ignition switch terminals on the starter
solenoid.
4. Select voltage range that will measure 12 Vdc.
5. Move the voltage lead switch on the voltmeter
to the EXT position.
6. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to
the positive battery cable at the battery.
7. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to
the negative battery cable at the battery.
REMOTE
START
BUTTON
IGNITION
SWITCH
TERMINAL
8. Push in and hold the starter button and read
the voltmeter.
a. If the voltmeter indicated 9.6 V or more,
the starting circuit is in good condition and
no other testing is required.
b. If the voltmeter indication was less than
9.6 V, complete Test 2.
BATTERY
TERMINAL
MA0921
Fig. 10.9 Measuring Voltage Loss in Complete
Starting Circuit
10.5.2 How to Check Voltage Loss
in the Starting Circuit
• The starter remains on the engine for
these tests.
• Do not operate the starter for more than
15 seconds at one time. After the starter
has run for 15 seconds, let the starter cool
for two minutes before operating the
starter again.
• These tests will require a voltmeter.
a. Voltage Specifications
Minimum voltage while starter is running 9.6 V
Maximum voltage loss:
• Positive battery cable and starter solenoid
0.5 V
• Each cable
0.4 V
• Starter solenoid
0.1 V
• Each connection
0.0 V
10-12
STARTER
MOTOR
TERMINAL
MA0931
STARTER
Fig. 10.10 Measuring Voltage Loss in the Positive
Battery Cable and Starter Solenoid
c. Test 2—Voltage Loss in the Positive
Battery Cable and Starter Solenoid
1. The positive lead of the voltmeter stays
connected to positive battery cable, Fig. 10.10.
2. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to
the starter motor terminal on the starter
solenoid.
3. Push in and hold the starter button and select
the lowest range for the voltmeter. Read the
voltmeter.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
4. Select the voltmeter range that will measure
12 V and release the starter button.
5. If the voltage indication was:
a. 0.5 Vdc or less, complete Test 5.
b. More than 0.5 V, complete Test 3 and
Test 4.
e. Test 4—Voltage Loss in Starter Solenoid
1. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to
the battery terminal on the starter solenoid,
Fig. 10.12.
2. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to
the motor terminal on the starter solenoid.
3. Select voltage range that will measure 12 Vdc.
4. Push in and hold the starter button and select
the lowest voltage range for the voltmeter;
read the voltmeter.
5. Select the voltage range that will measure 12
Vdc and release the starter button.
STARTER
6. If the voltage indication was more than 0.1 V,
replace the starter solenoid.
BATTERY
TERMINAL
MA0941
Fig. 10.11 Measuring Voltage Loss in Positive
Battery Cable
d. Test 3—Voltage Loss
in Positive Battery Cable
1. Positive lead of voltmeter stays connected to
the positive battery cable, Fig. 10.11.
2. Select lowest voltage range for the voltmeter.
3. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to
the battery terminal of the starter solenoid.
GROUND
4. Push in and hold the starter button, and read
the voltmeter.
5. If the voltage indication was:
a. More than 0.4 V, replace the battery cable.
b. 0.4 V or less, complete Test 4.
STARTER
MOTOR
TERMINAL
STARTER
MA0961
Fig. 10.13 Measuring Voltage Loss in Negative
Battery Cable
f.
Test 5—Voltage Loss
in Negative Battery Cable
1. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to
the negative battery cable at the batteries, Fig.
10.13.
2. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to
the negative battery cable at the starter
mounting nut.
3. Select lowest voltage range for the voltmeter.
BATTERY
TERMINAL
4. Push in and hold the starter button and read
the voltmeter.
5. If the voltmeter indication was:
STARTER
MA0951
Fig. 10.12 Measuring Voltage Loss
in Starter Solenoid
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
(a) More than 0.4 V, replace the negative
battery cable.
(b) 0.4 V or less, the negative battery cable is
good.
10-13
Section 10. Electrical System
5
10
10
16
7
5
1
6
5
10
4
9
2
8
11
5
3
1
14
12
MA0971
15
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Bushing kit
Retainer
Forked engagement lever
Drive end bracket
Seal kit
Drive pinion assembly
Intermediate bracket
Field coil
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
1
13
Armature
Parts kit
Solenoid
Commutator end bracket
Brush kit
Brush kit
Thrust washer
Brake kit
Fig. 10.14 Starter
10.5.3 Starter
The starter is located behind the left access door
at the back of the engine. The starter drive
engages teeth on the flywheel when cranking the
engine.
The starter motor is a four-pole, four brush ground
return motor with series-parallel connected field
coils. A solenoid-operated pre-engaged drive
assembly is mounted on an extension of the
armature shaft.
10-14
a. Operation
When the ignition key is turned to the start position, a solenoid (11, Fig. 10.14) on the starter
motor yoke is energized and actuates a forked
engagement lever (3) to energize the drive pinion
assembly (6) with the engine flywheel. On occasions of tooth-to-tooth abutment, axial movement
of the pinion is arrested while a helically splined
sleeve in which the pinion is carried continues to
move forward. This causes the pinion to rotate
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
relative to the flywheel. When the teeth become
aligned, spring pressure slides the pinion into
mesh with the flywheel.
b. Removal
Remove the starter only if it fails the tests listed in
paragraph 10.5.2. To remove the starter:
When the pinion is properly engaged with the
flywheel teeth a pair of contacts are closed in the
rear of the unit. Closure of the contacts connects
the motor to the battery, the armature rotates and
the starter pinion cranks the engine.
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Tag and disconnect the negative ground cable
(1, Fig. 10.15) from the starter.
When the engine fires, the operator returns the
ignition key to the run position, the solenoid unit is
de-energized and the spring-loaded plunger in the
solenoid withdraws the starter pinion to its out-ofmesh position. The armature (9) is brought rapidly
to rest by the centrifugal action of a pair of springloaded brake shoes (16) bearing against a brake
drum inside the intermediate bracket (7).
3. Tag and disconnect the positive cable (2) and
other wiring (3, 4, 5 and 6) from the starter
solenoid (7), paying attention to the sequence
in which the wires are installed on the terminal.
4. Loosen but do not remove the three hex nuts
(8) that secure the starter to the flywheel
housing. Be careful when you remove the
nuts because the starter is heavy and it will fall
if not supported. Using one hand to support
the starter, remove the nuts (8) and lock
washers (9) and lift the starter (10) from the
forklift.
If the pinion jams in mesh (this may occur with an
engine which fails to start) there is sufficient slack
in the engagement lever-to-solenoid plunger
linkage to permit the solenoid switch contacts to
open.
If the drive remains in mesh with the flywheel after
the engine has run up to speed, the starter motor
armature is protected from over speeding by the
plate clutch assembly. This clutch allows torque to
be transmitted from the starter motor to the engine
but not from the engine to the starter motor.
c. Disassembly
The clutch is set to slip at between two and three
times normal starting torque, thus providing
overload protection for the starter motor.
1. While the starter is out wipe away any grease
or dirt that has accumulated around the starter
hole.
Disassemble starter only as required by the
periodic maintenance recommendations in paragraph h.
d. Cleaning and Drying
6
7
13
5
4
3
2
9
8
10
11
12
1
1.
2.
3.
4.
Starter negative ground cable
Positive cable
Wire 29
Wire 27
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Wire 5
Wire 19
Starter solenoid
Hex nuts
Lock washers
MA0981
10.
11.
12.
13.
Starter
Battery terminal
Starter motor terminal
Ignition switch terminal
Fig. 10.15 Starter Removal
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-15
Section 10. Electrical System
2. If the starter is to be reinstalled, clean the
exterior of the starter with an approved solvent
without submerging the starter or allowing the
solvent to contact the bushings.
3. Dry the starter using a clean, lint-free cloth.
e. Inspection and Replacement
You can bench test a starter by using battery
jumper cables. Connect the negative cable to the
starter housing and touch the positive cable to the
positive connection on the starter motor. The
motor should spin if it is good.
f.
POSITIVE
BATTERY
CABLE
Starter No Load Test
General Information
1. The No Load Test is done with the starter
removed from the forklift.
2. If the starter drive doesn’t slide freely on the
armature shaft, clean and repair as required.
3. If the armature doesn’t rotate freely, disassemble the starter and repair as required
before doing the No Load Test.
NEGATIVE
BATTERY
CABLE
MA0991
Fig. 10.16 Positive and Negative Battery Cables with
End View of Starter Solenoid
5. Connect the positive battery cable to the
battery terminal on the starter solenoid and the
negative battery cable to the mounting flange
of the starter, Fig. 10.16.
Test Equipment
POSITIVE LOAD CABLE
1. A Sun Electric VAT-33 Tester, an equivalent
tester, or separate pieces of test equipment.
2. A hand held tachometer.
3. A remote starter button to actuate the starter.
4. A fully charged 12 V battery.
Test Procedure
Connect the test equipment according to this
procedure and the manufacturer’s instructions. If
the VAT-33 tester is being used:
1. Select the 0 to 100 A range.
2. Select the 18 to 40 V range.
3. Move the volt lead switch to the EXT position.
NEGATIVE LOAD
CABLE
MA1001
Fig. 10.17 Positive and Negative Load Cables
6. Connect the positive load cable to the positive
post of the battery. Connect the negative load
cable to the negative post, Fig. 10.17.
4. Turn the load control to the OFF position.
Warning !
Fasten the starter in a vise or use another
method to prevent the starter from moving; this
is essential to prevent personal injury.
MOTOR
TERMINAL
RED VOLTMETER
LEAD
MA1011
Fig. 10.18 Red Voltmeter Lead
7. Connect the red voltmeter lead to the motor
terminal on the starter solenoid, Fig. 10.18.
10-16
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
10. Connect the leads from the remote starter
button to the Battery and Switch terminals,
Fig. 10.21.
IMPORTANT: Steps 11, 12, and 13 must be done
rapidly. Do not load the battery for more than 15
seconds at one time. After the battery has been
loaded for 15 seconds, let the starter cool for 60
seconds.
BLACK
VOLTMETER
LEAD
11. Actuate the starter and turn the load control
until the voltmeter indicates 11 volts.
MA1021
Fig. 10.19 Black Voltmeter Lead
8. Connect the black voltmeter lead to the
mounting flange on the starter, Fig. 10.19.
12. Look at the ammeter and make a record of the
ammeter indication.
13. Use the hand held tachometer, Fig. 10.21, and
check the armature shaft speed. Make a
record of armature shaft speed.
14. Release the remote starter button and turn the
load control to the OFF position.
15. If the current draw and the armature shaft
speed are within the ranges under Specifications, the starter is good.
16. Low armature shaft speed and high current
draw are indications of too much friction.
Possible causes of too much friction are:
AMMETER
CLAMP
(a) Tight, dirty, or worn bearings.
MA1031
Fig. 10.20 Ammeter Clamp
9. Fasten the ammeter clamp around the positive
battery cable so that the tip of the arrow is
toward the starter, Fig 10.20.
VOLTMETER
AMMETER
LOAD CONTROL
(b) A bent armature shaft.
(c) Loose pole shoes (pole shoes make
contact with the armature).
(d) A short circuit in the armature coil. Disassemble the starter. Use an armature
tester to test the armature. Use the
instructions included with the armature
tester.
(e) Damaged field coil. Do the tests described in paragraph g.
IGNITION
SWITCH
TERMINAL
BATTERY
TERMINAL
17. If the armature does not rotate and the current
draw is high, possible causes are:
(a) Field terminal making contact with the field
frame. Inspect the insulators for the field
terminal.
(b) Damaged field coil. Do the tests described in paragraph g.
(c) Damaged bearings.
REMOTE
START
BUTTON
HAND HELD
TACHOMETER
18. If the armature does not rotate and the current
draw is zero, possible causes are:
MA1041
Fig. 10.21 Remote Start Button and Hand Held
Tachometer
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
(a) An open field circuit. Disassemble the
starter and inspect field coil connections.
(b) An open armature coil. Disassemble the
starter and check for burned commutator
10-17
Section 10. Electrical System
bars. Use an armature tester to test the
armature. Use instructions included with
the armature tester.
connections which must be clean and tight, brush
wear and the commutator.
After the starter motor has been in service for
some time, remove the starter motor from the
engine and submit it to a thorough bench inspection by qualified personnel.
(c) Brushes are not making good contact with
the commutator bars. Check for high
insulation between the commutator bars,
broken brush springs, or worn brushes.
1. Brush wear is a fair indication of the amount of
work done by the starter. Replace brushes
when length approaches 5/16" (7,9 mm).
19. Low armature shaft speed and low current
draw are indications of:
(a) Dirt or corrosion on connections
2. Brush spring tension. Correct tension is 30 to
40 oz (0,85 to 1,13 kg). Replace springs if
tension has dropped below 25 oz (0,71 kg).
(b) Damaged wiring.
(c) Dirty commutator bars.
3. Turn commutator if it is pitted or badly worn.
(d) All of the causes in step 18.
4. Check bearings for excessive side play of
armature shaft.
20. High armature shaft speed and high current
draw are indications of a short circuit in the
field coil. It is difficult to find a short circuit in a
field coil. Install a new field coil. Do the No
Load Test again to check for improvement in
the operation of the starter.
5. Check pinion movement.
6. Clean and lubricate the indented bearing
inside the pinion sleeve using Shell SB2628
grease for temperate and cold climates and
Shell Retinex for hot climates.
g. Starter Field Coil Tests
7. Clean and lubricate the indented bronze
bearing in the intermediate bracket. Use
Ragosine “Molypad” Molybdenised non-creep
oil for this purpose.
1. Hold the leads of an ohmmeter against one of
the brushes and the frame of the field coil.
The needle of the ohmmeter must not move.
If the needle moved, install a new field frame
assembly.
i.
Installation
1. Position the starter on the flywheel housing,
install three lock washers (9, Fig 10.15) and
three nuts (8), and torque the nuts to 3.4 lb-ft
(4,6 N m).
2. Hold the leads of an ohmmeter against one of
the brushes and the end of the negative
ground cable. The needle of the ohmmeter
must move. If the needle did not move,
install a new field coil frame assembly.
h. Periodic Maintenance
2. Connect the wires (3 through 6) to the starter
solenoid (7).
The starter motor requires no routine maintenance
beyond the occasional inspection of the electrical
3. Connect the positive (+) battery cable (2) to
the starter.
13
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Hex Nut
Lock Washer
Battery Positive Lead Cable
Hex Nut
Lock Washer
Starting Motor Feed Cable
Hex Nut
Lock Washer
Terminal “S” from Neutral
Start Switch
Self-locking Hex Hut
Tooth Type Lock Washer
Flat Washer
Capscrew, hex hd
11
12
15
16
10
17
3
14
4
5
9
6
7
8
14
2
1
14. Starting Motor Relay
15. Capscrew
MA1051
16. Lock Washer
17. Relay Mounting Plate
Fig. 10.22 Starting Motor Relay
10-18
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
4. Connect the positive (+) cable (2) to the
positive terminals on the batteries.
5. Connect the negative (–) cable (1) to the
negative terminals on the batteries.
6. Connect the ground cable (1) to the starter.
10.5.4 Starting Motor Relay
The starting motor relay, Fig. 10.22, consists of a
movable contact with a fixed coil in a weatherproof
casing.
The relay is internally grounded and is equipped
with two large and two small terminals. The small
terminal “S” is for connection to the ignition system
resistance wire. The two large terminals are for
connection between the batteries and the starting
motor.
Turning the ignition switch, with the transmission
in neutral, allows current to flow through the relay
coil via terminal “S” to the ground point on the
casing. The flow of current energizes the coil
forming a magnetic field which attracts a movable
contact. When the contacts fully close, current
from the batteries is allowed to flow to the starting
motor through the relay.
Once the key switch is released, the flow of
current to the coil is stopped thereby breaking the
magnetic field and allowing the return spring to
open the contacts. This action stops the current
flow from the batteries to the starting motor.
a. Removal of Starting Motor Relay and Relay
Mounting Plate
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Disconnect positive (+) battery cable (3, Fig.
10.22) by removing hex nut (4) and lock
washer (5).
3. Disconnect starting motor feed cable (6) by
removing hex nut (1) and lock washer (2).
4. Disconnect neutral start switch connector (9)
from terminal “S” from by removing hex nut (7)
and lock washer (8).
5. Remove starting motor relay (14) from relay
mounting plate (17) by removing two selflocking hex nuts (10) and flat washers (12)
from behind plate. On the left side of the
starter motor relay, remove a tooth-type lock
washer (11) from between the plate and the
starter relay. Then remove capscrews (13).
6. If necessary, remove relay mounting plate (17)
by removing two capscrews (15) and two flat
washers (16).
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
b. Disassembly of Starting Motor Relay
IMPORTANT: Do not disassemble starting motor
relay; service only as a complete assembly.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the starting motor relay, clean
the relay using an approved solvent and dry with a
clean cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Test the operation of the relay by connecting a
12 Vdc positive source to terminal “S” and the
negative lead to the mounting bracket; replace
the relay if you don’t hear the contacts close.
2. Inspect the general condition of the casing and
terminals and replace the relay if damaged.
e. Installation
1. If it was removed, position the relay mounting
plate (17, Fig. 10.22) on the engine and
secure it with two capscrews (15) and two lock
washers (16). Use Loctite® 222 on the
capscrews.
2. Install capscrew (13) through flat washer (12)
and the LEFT hole in the relay bracket. Place
a tooth-type lock washer (11) over the end of
the capscrew. Insert end of screw through
relay mounting plate (17) and secure the
screw with a flat washer (12) and a lock nut
(10). Repeat this installation through the right
hole in the relay bracket but without using a
tooth type lock washer between the relay
bracket and the relay mounting plate.
4. Install connector “S” from neutral start switch
terminal (9) by installing lock washer (8) and
hex nut (7).
5. Connect starting motor feed cable (6) by
installing lock washer (2) and hex nut (1).
6. Connect positive (+) battery cable (3) by
installing lock washer (5) and hex nut (4).
OFF POSITION
RUN POSITION
THERMO START POSITION
THERMO START AND
START POSITION
MA1061
Fig. 10.23 Ignition Key Switch
10-19
Section 10. Electrical System
4
3
1
2
MA1071
1.
Thermo Start Plug
2.
Intake Manifold
3.
Electrical Terminal
4.
Fuel Line Fitting
Fig. 10.24 Thermo Start Plug for Cold Weather Starting
10.5.5 Thermo Start Plug for Cold
Weather Starting
When the ignition key switch, Fig. 10.23, is turned
to the Thermo Start position, a Thermo Start plug
(1, Fig. 10.24) ignites a fuel/air mixture in the
intake manifold (2) to facilitate cold weather
starting.
To use this starting aid for cold weather starting,
turn key to the Thermo Start position and hold it
there for fifteen to twenty seconds. With the
throttle pedal fully depressed, turn the key to the
START position to engage the starter motor.
If the engine doesn’t start within fifteen seconds,
return the switch to the THERMO START position
for ten seconds and then reengage the starter
motor by turning key to the START position.
The engine is fitted with an efficient cold starting
aid and no responsibility can be accepted for any
damage caused by unauthorized starting aids.
a. Removal
1. Tag and disconnect wire at electrical terminal
(3, Fig. 10.24).
2. Disconnect fuel line (4).
3. Remove Thermo Start plug.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the Thermo Start plug.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the Thermo Start plug, clean
the exterior of the plug in an approved solvent and
dry using a clean lint-free cloth.
As soon as the engine starts, allow key to return to
the RUN position.
d. Inspection and Replacement
If the engine should fail to start, check the electrical connection to the Thermo Start plug.
1. Examine the bore of the fuel channel for any
contamination and clean as required.
In the event of difficult starting, check that fuel is
reaching the Thermo Start plug by unscrewing the
inlet fuel connection. If fuel is reaching the
Thermo Start plug, the plug itself may not be
working correctly. This can be checked by removing the air cleaner and watching the cold starting
aid while the equipment is used. When the
starting switch is turned to the THERMO START
position, the element should become red hot, and
on engagement of the starter motor, ignition of the
fuel should take place.
2. Test the coil of the Thermo Start plug using
short heavy gauge wires connected to a fused
or protected 6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc
power supply. If the coil doesn’t heat, replace
the Thermo Start plug.
10-20
e. Installation
1. Install the Thermo Start plug.
2. Connect fuel line (4, Fig. 10.24).
3. Connect wire at electrical terminal (3).
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
10.6 CHARGING CIRCUIT
The charging circuit, Fig. 10.26, is described in
paragraph 10.6.1.a.
10.6.1 Alternator
The alternator, Fig. 10.25, has a rotating field
system inside a stationary generating winding.
When the rotor rotates inside the stator, the output
produced is alternating current (ac). This is
unsuitable for charging the battery which requires
direct current (dc), so it is rectified by means of
diodes which convert it to unidirectional flow to the
battery.
“BAT”
TERMINAL
NO. 1
TERMINAL
The alternator has a solid state regulator that is
mounted inside the alternator slip ring end frame.
The regulator voltage setting never needs adjusting, and no provision for adjustment is provided.
The alternator rotor bearings contain sufficient
lubricant to eliminate the need for periodic lubrication. Two brushes carry current through two slip
rings to the field coil mounted on the rotor, and
under normal conditions will provide long periods
of attention-free service.
The stator windings are assembled on the inside
of a laminated core that forms part of the alternator frame. A rectifier bridge connected to the
stator windings contains six diodes, and electrically changes the stator ac voltages to a dc
voltage which appears at the alternator output
terminal. Alternator field current is supplied
through a diode trio which also is connected to the
stator windings. A capacitor, or condenser,
mounted in the end frame protects the rectifier
bridge and diode trio from high voltages, and
suppresses radio noise.
No periodic adjustments or maintenance of any
kind are required on the entire alternator assembly.
a. Charging Circuit Operating Principles
NO. 2
TERMINAL
TEST
HOLE
MA1081
SLIP RING
END FRAME
DRIVE
END FRAME
BEARING
SLIP
RINGS
In Fig. 10.26, TERMINAL NO. 2 of the alternator is
connected to the battery and the base-emitter of
transistors TR3 and TR1 is connected to the
battery through resistor R5, thus turning these
transistors on. Also, resistors R2 and R3 are
connected to the battery through TERMINAL NO.
2, but the discharge current of the battery is very
low because of the resistance values of R2, R3,
R5, TR1 and TR3.
When the ignition switch is closed, current from
the battery flows through the indicator lamp to
alternator TERMINAL NO. 1, through resistor R1,
and transistors TR3 and TR1 to ground, and then
back to the battery. Also, current flows through
the alternator field coil and TR2 back to the
battery. The indicator lamp then turns on. Resistor R6 carries some of the indicator lamp current.
ROTOR
SEAL
BEARING
STATOR
ASSEMBLY
Fig. 10.25 Typical 12-SI Series Alternator
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
MA1082
With the alternator operating, ac voltages are
generated in the stator windings, and the stator
supplies dc field current through the diode trio, the
field coil, TR1, and then through the grounded
diodes in the rectifier bridge back to the stator.
Also, the six diodes in the rectifier bridge change
the stator ac voltages to a dc voltage which
appears between ground and the alternator “BAT”
terminal.
10-21
Section 10. Electrical System
IGNITION SWITCH
1 R6
2
R5
R2
R1
D1
TR2
R3
C1
ALTERNATOR
NOT CHARGING
WARNING LIGHT
BAT.
D2
DIODE TRIO
STARTER SOLENOID
TERMINAL
TR3
R4
TR1
REGULATOR
BATTERIES
FIELD (ROTOR)
STATOR
RECTIFIER BRIDGE
MA1092
Fig. 10.26 Charging Circuit Showing Internal Circuits of a Typical 12-SI Alternator
As alternator speed increases, current is provided
for charging the battery and operating electrical
accessories. Also, with the alternator operating,
the same voltage appears at the “BAT” and No. 1
terminals, and the indicator lamp goes out to
indicate the alternator is producing voltage.
If an open should occur in the TERMINAL NO. 2
circuit, TR3 and TR1 will turn off, no field current
will flow to prevent overcharge, and indicator lamp
current will flow to a ground through R6 to indicate
a defect. Also, an open in the field circuit will
cause the indicator lamp to turn on through R6.
As the alternator speed and voltage increase, the
voltage between R2 and R3 increases to the point
where zener diode D1 conducts current. Transistor TR2 then turns on and TR3 and TR1 turn off.
With TR1 off, the field current and system voltage
decrease, and D1 then blocks current flow,
causing TR3 and TR1 to turn back on. The field
current and system voltage increase, and this
cycle then repeats many times per second to limit
the alternator voltage to a preset value.
10-22
Capacitor C1 smooths out the voltage across R3,
resistor R4 prevents excessive current through
TR1 at high temperatures, and diode D2 prevents
high-induced-voltages in the field windings when
TR1 turns off. Resistor R2 is a thermistor which
causes the regulated voltage to vary with the
temperature, thus providing optimum voltage for
charging the battery.
b. Troubleshooting Procedures
Close adherence to the following procedures in
the order presented will lead to the location and
correction of charging system defects in the
shortest possible time. Only a portion of these
procedures need to be performed. It will never be
necessary to perform all the procedures in order to
locate the trouble.
Either of two methods may be used to troubleshoot the charging system. One method uses
alternator tester Model J-26290 available from the
Kent-Moore Corporation, Tool Division, 29784
Little Mack, Roseville, MI 48066
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
The other method follows:
A basic wiring diagram showing lead connections
is shown in Fig. 10.26. To avoid damage to the
electrical equipment, always observe the following
precautions:
• Do not polarize the alternator.
• Do not short across or ground any of the
terminals in the charging circuit, except as
specifically instructed herein.
• Make sure the alternator and batteries
have the same ground polarity.
• When connecting a charger or a booster
battery to the forklift batteries, connect
negative to negative and positive to
positive. The correct jump start procedure
is covered in paragraph 10.6.2.g.
Trouble in the charging system will show up as
one or more of the following conditions:
A. Abnormal indicator lamp operation.
B. Abnormal charging system operation.
A. Abnormal Indicator Lamp Operation.
Check the indicator lamp on the control console
for normal operation as shown below:
3. Switch On, Lamp On, Engine Running. Check
for an open circuit breaker between indicator
lamp and switch. Other possibilities are
covered in “B. ABNORMAL CHARGING
SYSTEM OPERATION”.
If a defect has been found and corrected at this
point, no further checks need be made.
B. Abnormal Charging System Operation
1. Check that discharged batteries weren’t
caused by accessories left ON for extended
periods.
2. Check alternator drive belt for proper slack
adjustment.
3. If a battery defect is suspected, refer to
Section 10.6.2 Battery.
4. Inspect the wiring for defects. Check all
connections for tightness and cleanliness,
including the slip connectors at the alternator
and connections at the batteries.
5. With ignition switch ON and all wiring harness
leads connected, connect a voltmeter from:
(a) Alternator BAT TERMINAL to ground.
Ignition Switch
Lamp Engine
(b) Alternator NO. 1 TERMINAL to ground.
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
(c) Alternator NO. 2 TERMINAL to ground.
STOPPED
STOPPED
RUNNING
If indicator lamp operates normally, proceed to "B.
ABNORMAL CHARGING SYSTEM OPERATION.”
Otherwise, proceed to either one of the following
three abnormal conditions.
1. Switch Off, Lamp On. In this case, disconnect
the two leads from the alternator No. 1 and
No. 2 terminals. If the lamp stays on, there is
a short between these two leads. If the lamp
goes out, replace the rectifier bridge as
covered in paragraph 10.6.1.g. This condition
will cause an undercharged battery.
A zero reading indicates an open between voltmeter connection and batteries. Repair wiring
harness if required.
6. With all accessories turned off, connect a
voltmeter across the batteries. Operate
engine at moderate speed. If voltage is 15.5 V
or more on a 12 V system, remove alternator
for repair.
2. Switch On, Lamp Off, Engine Stopped. This
condition can be caused by the defects listed
in step 1 above, or by an open wire in the
circuit. To determine where an open exists,
proceed as follows:
(a) Check for an open circuit breaker, a
burned out bulb, defective bulb socket, or
an open in No. 1 lead circuit between
alternator and ignition switch.
(b) If no defects have been found, proceed to
“B. ABNORMAL CHARGING SYSTEM
OPERATION.”
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
TAB
INSERT SCREWDRIVER IN
THIS HOLE TO GROUND
TAB TO END FRAME
MA1101
Fig. 10.27 Grounding Alternator Field Winding
(Wiring Connections Are Not Shown)
10-23
Section 10. Electrical System
22
3
2
1
7
6
5
4
20
12
21
8
19
9
13
14
18
15
11
10
16
17
MA1111
1.
2.
3.
Screw
Lock Washer
Washer
4.
5.
6.
7.
Bolt
Lock Washer
Lever
Spacer
8.
9.
10.
11.
Self-locking Nut
Washer
Screw
Sleeve
12.
13.
14.
15.
Sleeve
Nut
Washer
Washer
16.
17.
18.
19.
Bracket
Stud
Hex Nut
Washer
20. Belt
21. Pulley
22. Alternator
Fig. 10.28 Alternator Removal
7. If previous Steps 1 thru 6 check satisfactory,
check alternator as follows:
(a) Disconnect battery ground cable.
(b) Connect an ammeter in the circuit at the
“BAT” terminal of the alternator.
(c) Connect battery ground cable.
(d) Turn on all electric equipment. Connect a
carbon pile battery tester across the
batteries.
(e) Operate engine at moderate speed as
required, and adjust carbon pile as
required to obtain maximum current
output.
(f) If ampere output is within 10 amperes of
rated output as stamped on alternator
frame, alternator most likely is not defective; recheck Steps 1 thru 6.
IMPORTANT: If output in amperes is OK, but
indicator lamp stays on, check diode trio and
rectifier bridge in paragraph 10.6.1.f and 10.6.1.g.
10-24
(g) If ampere output is not within 10 amperes
of rated output, determine if test hole, Fig.
10.27, is accessible. If accessible go to
Step h. If not go to paragraph l.
(h) Ground the field winding by inserting a
screwdriver into the test hole, Fig. 10.27.
IMPORTANT: Tab is within 3/4 inch of casting
surface. Do not force screwdriver deeper than
one inch into end frame.
(i) Operate engine at moderate speed as
required, and adjust carbon pile as
required to obtain maximum current
output.
(j) If output is within 10 amperes of rated
output, check field winding as covered in
paragraph 10.6.1.e, and test regulator with
an approved regulator tester.
(k) If output is not within 10 amperes of rated
output, check the field winding, diode trio,
rectifier bridge, and stator as covered in
paragraphs 10.6.1.e, f, g and h.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
c. Alternator Removal
e. Rotor Field Winding Checks
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from batteries.
1. To check for opens, connect the test lamp or
ohmmeter to each slip ring (refer to Fig.
10.29). If the lamp fails to light, or if the
ohmmeter reading is high (infinite), the winding is open.
2. Remove screw (1, Fig. 10.28), lock washer
(2), and washer (3) from tapped hole in
alternator.
3. Remove screw (4), lock washer (5), lever (6),
and spacer (7) from tapped hole in engine.
4. While supporting the weight of the alternator
(22), remove self-locking nut (8), washer (9),
screw (10), sleeve (11), and sleeve (12); lift
the alternator from the forklift and carry it to a
clean work bench.
5. If necessary, remove hex nuts (13), washers
(14), washers (15), bracket (16), and stud
(17).
2. Connect test lamp or ohmmeter from one slip
ring to shaft. If lamp lights, or if reading is low,
the rotor winding is grounded (not illustrated).
INSULATING
WASHERS
CAPACITOR
RESISTOR (USED ON
SOME MODELS)
DIODE
TRIO
6. If necessary, remove hex nut (18), washer
(19), belt (20), and pulley (21).
d. Alternator Disassembly
1. Remove the four thru-bolts and pry alternator
apart with a screwdriver at the stator slot.
2. After disassembly, place a piece of tape over
the slip ring end frame bearing to prevent
entry of dirt and other foreign material, and
also place a piece of tape over the shaft on
the slip ring end.
3. If brushes are to be reused, clean with a soft
dry cloth.
4. To remove the drive end frame from the rotor,
place the rotor in a vise and tighten only
enough to permit removal of the shaft nut (18,
Fig. 10.28).
USE OHMMETER TO CHECK
FOR SHORTS AND OPENS
MA1121
Fig. 10.29 Checking Rotor Winding
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
RECTIFIER
BRIDGE
ATTACHING
NUTS
MA1131
Fig. 10.30 Inside View of 10-SI End Frame Assembly
(12 SI Is Similar)
3. Check the winding for short-circuits or excessive resistance by connecting a battery and
ammeter in series with the edges of the two
slip rings. The field current ammeter reading
at 80 °F (26.7 °C) should be 4.2 to 5.0 A. A
reading above this range indicates shorted
windings; a reading below this range indicates
excessive resistance. An alternate method is
to check the resistance of the field by connecting an ohmmeter to the two slip rings. If the
resistance reading is below 2.4 to 2.8 ohms,
the winding is shorted; if above this range, the
winding has excessive resistance. The
specified resistance value can be determined
by dividing the voltage by 4.2 and 5.0 A.
4. Remember that the winding resistance and
ammeter readings will vary slightly with
winding temperature changes. If the rotor is
not defective, but the alternator fails to supply
rated output, the defect is in the diode trio, Fig.
10.30, rectifier bridge, stator, or regulator.
10-25
Section 10. Electrical System
3. Repeat the same test between the single
connector and each of the other two connectors. Also, connect the ohmmeter to each pair
of the three connectors (not illustrated). If any
reading is zero on this test, replace the diode
trio.
DIODE TRIO
g. Rectifier Bridge Check
OHMMETER
MA1141
Fig. 10.31 Diode Trio Check
f.
Diode Trio Check
1. The diode trio is identified in Fig. 10.31. To
check the diode trio, remove it from the end
frame assembly by detaching the three nuts,
the attaching screw, and removing the stator
assembly. Note that the insulating washer on
the screw is assembled over the top of the
diode trio connector.
2. Connect an ohmmeter having a 1-1/2-V cell,
and using the lowest range scale, to the single
connector and to one of the three connectors.
Observe the reading. Then reverse the ohmmeter leads to the same two connectors. If
both readings are the same, replace the diode
trio. A good diode trio will give one high and
one low reading.
1. To check the rectifier bridge, connect the
ohmmeter to the grounded heat sink and one of
the three terminals as shown in Fig. 10.32.
Then reverse the lead connections to the
grounded heat sink and same terminal. If both
readings are the same, replace the rectifier
bridge. A good rectifier bridge will give one
high and one low reading.
2. Repeat this test between the grounded heat
sink and the other two terminals, and between
the insulated heat sink and each of the three
terminals. This makes a total of six checks,
with two readings taken for each check.
3. To replace the rectifier bridge, remove the
attaching screws, and disconnect the capacitor
lead. Note the capacitor lead clip is attached
with a screw or press fit.
OHMMETER
(CHECK FOR OPENS)
MA1161
OHMMETER
(CHECK FOR OPENS)
OHMMETER
(CHECK FOR GROUNDS)
Fig. 10.33 Checking Stator Windings
h. Stator Checks
MA1151
1. The stator windings may be checked with a
110 V test lamp or an ohmmeter, refer to Fig.
10.33. If the lamp lights, or if the meter reading
is low when connected from any stator lead to
the frame, the windings are grounded. If the
lamp fails to light, or if the meter reading is high
when successively connected between each
pair of stator leads, the windings are open.
Fig. 10.32 Rectifier Bridge Check
10-26
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
2. A short-circuit in the stator windings is difficult
to locate without laboratory test equipment due
to the low resistance of the windings. However, if all other electrical checks are normal
and the alternator fails to supply rated output,
shorted stator windings or an open delta
winding are indicated. Also, a shorted stator
can cause the indicator lamp to be on with the
engine at low speed. Check the regulator in the
next paragraph before replacing stator.
i.
The bearing in the drive end frame can be removed
by detaching the retainer plate screws, and then
pressing the bearing from the end frame, refer to
Fig. 10.34. If the bearing is in satisfactory condition, it may be reused, and it should be filled onequarter full with Delco Remy Lubricant No. 1948791
before reassembly.
END FRAME
Brush Holder and Regulator Replacement
FLAT
RETAINER
IMPORTANT: To determine if the regulator is
defective, use an approved regulator tester.
After removing the three attaching nuts, and diode
trio screw, Fig. 10.30, the brush holder and regulator may be replaced by removing the two remaining
screws. Note the two insulators located over the
top of the brush clips in Fig. 10.30 and that these
two screws have special insulating sleeves over
the screw body above the threads. The third
mounting screw may or may not have an insulating
sleeve. If not, this screw must not be interchanged
with either one of the other two screws, as a ground
may result, causing no output or uncontrolled
alternator output.
j.
k. Bearing Replacement and Lubrication
COLLAR
FAN
PULLEY
WASHER
NUT
SHAFT
SCREW
COLLAR
COLLAR
Slip Ring Servicing
MA1181
If the slip rings are dirty, they may be cleaned and
finished with 400 grain or finer polishing cloth. Spin
the rotor, and hold the polishing cloth against the
slip rings until they are clean.
IMPORTANT: The rotor must be rotated in order to
clean the slip rings evenly. Cleaning the slip rings
by hand without spinning the rotor may result in flat
spots on the slip rings, causing brush noise.
Slip rings which are rough or out of round should be
trued in a lathe to 0.002" (0.05 mm) maximum
indicator reading. Remove only enough material to
make the rings smooth and round. Finish with 400
grain or finer polishing cloth and blow away all dust.
END FRAME
BEARING
SLINGER
ARMATURE SHAFT
MA1171
Fig. 10.34 Drive End Bearing Assembly
(Some Models Use a Flat Washer Instead of a Slinger)
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Fig. 10.35 Drive End Bearing Assembly,
Late Production, All Series
IMPORTANT: Do not overfill, as this may cause
the bearing to overheat, and use only 1948791
Lubricant. The bearing in Fig. 10.35 is sealed on
both sides; lubrication is not required.
To install a new bearing, press in with a tube or
collar that just fits over the outer race, with the
bearing assembled into the end frame as shown in
Fig. 10.34. Install a new retainer plate if the felt
seal in the retainer plate is hardened or excessively
worn. Fill the cavity between the retainer plate and
bearing with 1948791 Lubricant. The bearing in
Figure 10.34 is sealed on both sides; lubrication is
not required.
Replace the bearing in the slip ring end frame if its
grease supply is exhausted. No attempt should be
made to lubricate or reuse the bearing. To remove
the bearing from the slip ring end frame, press out
with a tube or collar that just fits inside the end
frame housing. Press from the outside of the
housing towards the inside.
To install a new bearing, place a flat plate over the
bearing and press in from the outside towards the
inside of the frame until the bearing is flush with the
outside of the end frame. Support the inside of the
10-27
Section 10. Electrical System
frame with a hollow cylinder to prevent breakage of
the end frame. Be extremely careful to avoid
misalignment or otherwise placing undue stress on
the bearing.
If the seal is separate from the bearing, it is
recommended that a new seal be installed whenever the bearing is replaced. Press the seal in with
the lip of the seal toward the rotor when assembled,
that is, away from the bearing. Lightly coat the
seal lip with oil to facilitate assembly of the shaft
into the bearing.
l.
Alternator Reassembly
2. Slowly increase the alternator speed and
observe the voltage.
3. If voltage is uncontrolled with speed and
increases above 15.5 volts on a 12-volt
system, test regulator with an approved
regulator tester, and check field winding.
Reassembly is the reverse of disassembly.
NOTE: The battery must be fully charged when
making this check.
1. Place the rotor in a vise, position the drive end
frame on the rotor, and install shaft nut (18,
Fig. 10.28).
4. If voltage is below 15.5 volts on a 12-volt
system, connect the carbon pile as shown.
2. Remove protective tapes which were applied
during alternator disassembly, refer to paragraph d. To install the slip ring end frame
assembly to the rotor and drive end frame
assembly, remove the tape over the bearing
and shaft, and make sure the shaft is perfectly
clean after removing the tape.
3. Insert a pin through the holes to hold up the
brushes.
4. Carefully install the shaft into the slip ring end
frame assembly to avoid damage to the seal.
5. Join the halves of the alternator by installing
the four thru bolts and nuts.
6. After tightening the thru-bolts remove the brush
retaining pin to allow the brushes to fall down
onto the slip rings.
7. Remember when assembling the pulley to
secure the rotor in a vise only tight enough to
permit tightening the shaft nut to 40-60 lb- ft
(54-81 N m). If excessive pressure is applied
against the rotor, the assembly may become
distorted.
m. Alternator Bench Check
To check the alternator in a test stand, proceed as
follows:
1. Make connections as shown in Fig. 10.36,
except leave the carbon pile battery tester
disconnected.
IMPORTANT: Ground polarity of battery and
alternator must be the same. Use a fully charged
battery, and a 10 ohm resistor rated at six watts or
more between the alternator No. 1 terminal and the
battery.
10-28
5. Operate the alternator at moderate speed as
required and adjust the carbon pile as required
to obtain maximum current output.
6. If output is within 10 amperes of rated output
as stamped on the alternator frame, alternator
is good.
7. If output is not within 10 amperes of rated
output, keep battery loaded with carbon pile,
and ground alternator field, Fig. 10.27.
8. Operate alternator at moderate speed and
adjust carbon pile as required to obtain maximum output.
9. If output is within 10 amperes of rated output,
test regulator with an approved regulator tester,
and check field winding.
10. If output is not within 10 amperes of rated
output, check the field winding, diode trio,
rectifier bridge, and stator as previously
covered.
n. Alternator Installation
1. If necessary, install pulley (21, Fig. 10.28), belt
(20), washer (19), and hex nut (18).
2. If necessary, install stud (17), bracket (16),
washers (15) and washers (14).
3. Position alternator (22) on the engine and
install sleeve (12), sleeve (11), screw (10),
washer (9), self-locking nut (8).
4. Install spacer (7), lever (6), lock washer (5),
and screw (4).
5. Install washer (3), lock washer (2) and screw
(1).
6. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
batteries.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
10.6.2
CARBON PILE
BATTERY TESTER
Batteries
Warning !
VOLTMETER
All lead-acid batteries generate hydrogen gas
which is highly flammable. If ignited by a spark
or flame, the gas may explode violently, causing spraying of acid, fragmentation of the
battery, and possible severe personal injuries.
Wear safety glasses when working near batteries. In case of contact with acid, flush immediately with water.
BATTERY
RESISTOR
a. Description
ALTERNATOR
TEST AMMETER
MA1191
Fig. 10.36 Connections for Bench Check of Alternator
o. Service Test Specifications
The JLG Alternator, Part Nos. 8270217 and
8270219, are also identified by Delcotron Alternator
Model 1101228, Series 12SI, Type 100, Specification No. 7236. It has the following service test
specifications:
• Negative ground. When connected to a
battery, the ground polarity of the alternator
must be the same as the ground polarity of
the battery.
• Clockwise rotation viewing from drive end.
• 2.4 to 2.8 field ohms at 80 °F (27 °C). A high
ohmmeter reading indicates excessive
resistance, and a low reading indicates
shorted field windings, which can cause
regulator failure.
• 4.2 to 5.0 A field current at 80 °F (27 °C) and
12 V. A low ammeter reading indicates
excessive resistance, and a high reading
indicates shorted field windings.
• Cold output of 23 A at approximately 1600
rpm, 66 A at 6500 rpm. These outputs are
with the alternator at 80 °F (27 °C).
NOTE: A voltmeter is not needed for output check.
Load battery with carbon pile battery tester to
obtain maximum output. Refer to paragraphs b and
n for test procedures.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
The batteries supply power to the starter and
ignition systems to crank the engine. They supply
the extra power required when the electrical load
requirements of the forklift exceed the supply from
the charging system in case of a alternator or
charging failure, and acts as a voltage stabilizer in
the electrical system, smoothing out or reducing
temporarily high voltage.
With the correct cables properly attached, and with
the batteries properly mounted, the batteries never
need periodic maintenance.
When starting the forklift, crank for a maximum of
15 seconds, then rest for two minutes to avoid
burning up the starter. Do not idle excessively.
Keep the batteries from freezing by maintaining a
full charge. A completely discharged battery will
freeze at 18 °F (8 °C).
When winterizing the forklift, test the start/charge
system in accordance with the diagnostic procedures supplied with Generator Tester Model J26290 (refer to paragraph 10.6.1.a). Required
diagnostic equipment includes a variable carbon
pile battery tester (500 A minimum with ammeter);
a separate digital voltmeter that is calibrated
frequently, and an inductive (clamp-on) ammeter.
Test areas are: batteries, starter motor replacement
test, starter circuitry and battery cable test, solenoid circuit test, magnetic switch control circuit
test, alternator wiring test, and a alternator output
test.
Water never has to be added to the batteries.
There are no filler caps. Each battery is sealed,
except for small vent holes in the cover. The vents
allow what small amount of gasses that are produced in the battery to escape. The special
chemical composition inside the battery reduces
gassing to a very small amount at normal charging
10-29
Section 10. Electrical System
voltages. Besides reducing gassing, the special
chemistry greatly reduces the possibility of overcharge damage.
The vents require keeping the battery in an upright
position to prevent electrolyte leakage. Tipping the
battery beyond a 45° angle in any direction can
allow a small amount of electrolyte to leak out the
vent hole.
c. Built-In Hydrometer
A special temperature-compensated hydrometer is
built into the cover of each battery to show at a
glance the battery’s state-of-charge. The hydrometer has a green ball within a cage which is attached
to a clear plastic rod; refer to Fig. 10.37.
DO NOT exceed this 45° angle when carrying or
installing a battery.
It is important when observing the hydrometer that
the battery have a clean top to see the correct
indication. A flashlight may be required in some
poorly lit areas.
Evidence of electrolyte leakage does not necessarily mean a battery is defective.
IMPORTANT: Always look straight down when
viewing the hydrometer.
The battery has top post terminals. Securely
tighten clean cable clamps to the posts. Grease or
special spray sealers may be applied over the
connections.
The green ball will float at a predetermined specific
gravity of the electrolyte that represents about a 65
percent state-of-charge. When the green ball
floats, it rises within the cage and positions itself
under the rod. Visually a green dot then shows in
the center of the hydrometer; refer to Fig. 10.37.
The built-in hydrometer provides a guide for battery
testing and charging.
b. Visual Inspection of a Battery
Inspect for damage such as a cracked or broken
case or cover that could permit loss of electrolyte.
If obvious physical damage is noted, replace
battery. Handle the battery with care. Determine
cause of damage and correct as needed.
In testing, the GREEN DOT means the battery is
charged enough for testing. If the green dot is not
visible and the center of the hydrometer has a
DARK appearance, it means the battery must be
charged before the test procedure is performed.
In charging, the appearance of the green dot means
that the battery is sufficiently charged. Charging
can be stopped to prevent overcharging.
GREEN DOT
DARK
The hydrometer on some batteries may be CLEAR
or light yellow; refer to Fig. 10.37. This means the
fluid level may be below the bottom of the rod and
attached cage. This may have been caused by
excessive or prolonged charging, a broken case,
excessive tipping, or normal battery wear out.
CLEAR
IMPORTANT: Whenever this clear or light yellow
appearance is present when looking straight down
on the hydrometer, always tap the hydrometer
lightly with a small screwdriver to dislodge any gas
bubbles that may be giving a false indication of low
electrolyte level. If the clear or light yellow appearance remains, and if a cranking complaint exists
that is caused by the battery, replace the battery.
65% OR ABOVE
STATE OF
CHARGE
BELOW 65 %
STATE OF
CHARGE
Complete hydrometer information is printed on a
label on top of the battery. Refer to this label to
accurately interpret hydrometer appearance.
LOW LEVEL
ELECTROLYTE
MA1201
d. Battery Load Test
1. Remove cable clamps and be sure parts are
clean for a good connection.
Fig. 10.37 Typical Hydrometer Operation
10-30
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Relation of Battery Temperature to Minimum Voltage
Temperature
Minimum
Voltage
(21 °C )
(10 °C)
(–1 °C)
(–10 °C)(–18 °C)Below
70 °F &
Above
50 °F
30 °F
15 °F
0 °F
0 °F
9.6
9.4
9.1
8.8
8.5
8.0
2. Attach voltmeter and battery load tester
clamps to posts.
3. Remove surface charge from any battery that
has just been on charge IF THE GREEN DOT
IS VISIBLE. This includes batteries in the
vehicle having been charged by the vehicle
alternator. Do not remove surface charge from
batteries that have been in storage. To remove
surface charge, apply a 300-ampere load
across the terminals for 15 seconds. Then turn
off load and wait for 15 seconds to allow the
battery to recover.
4. Battery temperature should be estimated by
touch and also by the surrounding temperature
it was exposed to during the preceding few
hours before testing. Select the nearest
estimated temperature in the table below and
determine the minimum voltage which must be
maintained while the battery supplies a specified electrical load
5. Apply a 260 A load test. Observe voltage after
15 seconds with load connected; then turn off
load.
6. If voltage is below value determined in step 4,
replace battery.
7. If voltage is at or above value determined in
step 4, battery is good and may be returned to
service.
8. Check the charge acceptance of the battery
one more time before discarding it.
e. Battery Charging
1. Do not charge battery if hydrometer is clear or
light yellow; replace battery.
2. Charge rates between 3 and 50 amperes are
generally satisfactory as long as spewing of
electrolyte does not occur or the battery does
not feel excessively hot [over 125 °F (52 °C)].
Battery temperature can be estimated by
touching or feeling the battery case. If spewing
occurs or temperature exceeds 125 °F (52 °C),
the charging rate must be reduced or temporarily halted to permit cooling.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
• The battery is sufficiently charged when
the green dot in the built-in hydrometer is
visible. No further charging is required.
Shake or tilt the battery at hourly intervals
during the charging to mix the electrolyte
and see if the green dot appears.
• Battery charging consists of a charge
current in amperes for a period of time in
hours. Thus, a 25-ampere charging rate for
2 hours would be 50 ampere-hour charge to
the battery. In most cases, batteries
whose load test values are less than 200
amperes (see Battery Testing Procedure)
will have the green dot visible after at least
a 50 ampere-hour charge. Most batteries
whose load test values are greater than
200 amperes will have the green dot visible
after at least a 75 ampere-hour charge. In
the event that the green dot does not
appear after this amount of charging,
continue charging for another 50 or 75
ampere-hours. If the green dot still does
not appear, replace the battery.
The time required for a charge will vary due to the
following conditions:
• Size of Battery. For example, a completely discharged large heavy-duty battery
requires more than twice the recharging as
a completely discharged small passenger
car battery.
• Temperature. For example, a longer time
will be needed to charge any battery at 0 °F
than at 80 °F. When a fast charger is
connected to a cold battery, the current
accepted by the battery will be very low at
first, then in time the battery will accept a
higher rate as the battery warms.
• State-of-Charge. A completely discharged
battery requires more than twice as much
charge as a one-half-charged battery.
Because the electrolyte is nearly pure
water and a poor conductor in a completely
discharged battery, the current accepted is
very low at first. Later, as the charging
current causes the electrolyte acid content
to increase, the charging current will
10-31
Section 10. Electrical System
likewise increase.
• Charger Capacity. A charger which can
supply only 5 amperes will require a much
longer period of charging than a charger
that can supply 30 amperes or more.
f.
Troubleshooting
If a battery has tested good and then has not
performed satisfactorily in service for no apparent
reason, the following are some of the more important factors that may point to the cause of trouble:
1. Vehicle accessories inadvertently left on
overnight.
2. Defects in the charging system, such as
slipping fan belt, high wiring resistance, or
faulty alternator.
3. A vehicle electrical load exceeding the alternator capacity, with the addition of electrical
devices, such as radio equipment, air conditioner, window defoggers or light systems.
not due to a discharged battery and the cranking system should be checked. If charge
indicator is dark but the green dot does not
appear in the center, proceed as follows:
3. Attach one end of one jumper cable to the
positive terminal of the booster battery and the
other end of the same cable to positive terminal
of discharged battery. DO NOT PERMIT
vehicles to touch each other as this could
establish a ground connection and counteract
the benefits of this procedure.
4. Attach one end of the remaining negative cable
to the negative terminal of the booster battery
and the other end to a ground at least 12
inches from the battery of the vehicle being
started. (DO NOT CONNECT DIRECTLY TO
THE NEGATIVE POST OF THE DEAD
BATTERY).
4. Defects in the electrical system, such as
shorted wires.
Any procedure other than the above could result
in:
Warning !
5. Extended slow speed driving with many
accessories turned on.
• Personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting
out the battery vent;
6. Loose or poor battery cable-to-post connections, previous improper charging of a rundown
battery, or loose hold-downs.
• Personal injury or property damage due to
battery explosion.
7. High-resistance connections or defects in the
starting system.
• Damage to the charging system of the booster
vehicle or of the immobilized vehicle.
8. Long periods of vehicle storage without disconnecting the batteries. Small current drains of
vehicle accessories which are connected all
the time can discharge the batteries in a six- to
eight-week period. Batteries left in a discharged condition for a prolonged period of time
are subject to freezing and can become difficult
to recharge.
1. Positive (+) cable
2. Negative (–) cable
3. Two self-locking nuts (2)
5
1
2
6
g. Jump Starting
with Auxiliary (Booster) Battery
Both booster and discharged battery should be
treated carefully when using jumper cables. Follow
exactly the following procedure for this negative
ground system, being careful not to cause sparks:
1. Engage park lock and place transmission in
neutral. Turn off lights, optional heater and
other electrical loads.
2. Observe charge indicator. If indicator is light,
replace battery. If charge indicator is dark and
has a green dot in the center, failure to start is
10-32
4
3
4.
5.
6.
7.
7
Spacers (2)
Hold Down Strap
Bolts (2)
Batteries
MA1211
Fig. 10.38 Battery
Removal
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
h. Battery Removal
• Cold cranking current (SAE SPEC J537h) is
525 A at 0 °F (–18 °C)
1. Prepare to remove the battery(s) by unlocking
and opening door to battery compartment.
• For battery warranty contact your local Delco
distributor.
2. Disconnect the negative cable (2, 10.38) from
the batteries.
3. Disconnect positive cable (1) from batteries.
1
4. Remove the two self-locking nuts (3) from
below the cab floor and lift the spacers (4), hold
down strap (5) and bolts (6) from the battery
compartment.
2
5. Carefully lift the battery(s) from the battery
compartment.
i.
Battery Inspection, Cleaning and Drying
1. Periodically look for any accumulation of dirt or
corrosion on top of the battery, corroded
terminals and cables, broken or loose terminal
posts, and container or cover that is broken or
cracked.
5
2. Scrub the exterior of the battery and cable
terminals by using a nonmetallic brush which
has been dipped in a mixture of baking soda
and water.
4
3
3. Dry the battery with a clean cloth.
4. Check the voltage regulator setting at every
periodic maintenance inspection. Overcharging
is a common cause of battery failure. The
voltage setting should be 13.6 to 13.8, and
never more than 14.0 V.
j.
OA0022
1.
2.
3.
Steering Wheel
Horn
Accelerator Pedal
4.
5.
Service Brake Pedal
Ignition (Key) Switch
Battery Installation
1. Place batteries in battery compartment.
2. Install bolts (6, Fig. 10.38), spacers (4), hold
down strap (5), and two self-locking nuts (3).
DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN. Be sure hold-down
strap is properly attached to keep batteries
from bouncing. Vibration is very harmful to a
battery.
3. Connect positive (+) cable (1) to the batteries.
4. Connect negative (–) cable (2) to batteries.
5. Close and lock door to battery compartment.
k. Battery Identification and
Service Test Specifications
The JLG 12 V Battery, Part No. 8270014, is also
identified by Delco Freedom Battery Cat. No. 24-60.
BCI Group Size is 24 A.
Fig. 10.39 Forklift Operating Components
10.7 SWITCHES
AND SOLENOIDS
10.7.1 Ignition (Key) Switch
By using the key, the ignition switch (5, Fig. 10.39)
may be turned clockwise from the OFF position to
the RUN, THERMO START AND START positions.
The THERMO START AND START positions are
spring-loaded to return to the RUN position and
must be manually held in place for cold starting or
normal starting. When starting in cold weather,
momentarily hold the key in the THERMO START
position before turning it fully to the START position.
• Load Test Amperage is 260.
• In the OFF position, the entire electrical
system is shut down (there is power to
ignition switch and to starter solenoid only).
• SAE/BCI reserve capacity in minutes is 95
minutes.
• In the RUN position, all controls and indicators are operable.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-33
Section 10. Electrical System
• In the RUN position with the Park Lock
engaged, park lock warning, oil pressure and
alternator lights must be ON. Press Bulb
Check switch; remaining warning lights must
turn ON.
• In the THERMO START position, the ignition
switch energizes the Thermo Start plug (Fig.
10.24) which ignites a fuel/air mixture in the
intake manifold to facilitate cold weather
starting. Refer to paragraph 10.5.5 for
Thermo Start plug removal and installation
instructions.
• In the START position (with the parking lock
engaged and the travel select lever in neutral)
the starter pinion engages the flywheel to
start the engine.
If the key binds in the lock, check for a sticky,
painted or bent key. If key is sticky, clean key. If
key is painted, remove paint. If key is bent,
straighten key. If the key is straight and usable,
sprinkle some powdered graphite on the sides of
the key and insert key in lock several times to
distribute the graphite. If the lock should fail to
accept key or fail to turn due to freezing temperatures, warm the key switch using a hair dryer or use
a liquid lock deicer to lower the freezing point and
evaporate the moisture within the lock.
2. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
3. Remove the hex nut which secures the switch
to the console.
4. Carefully tilt the switch as required to reposition
switch in lower panel opening.
5. Tag and disconnect the wires from the switch.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the ignition switch.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the switch, clean the exterior
of the switch with an approved solvent and dry with
a clean lint-free cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Key should insert and turn freely in switch. If
the key binds in the lock, check for a bent key.
If the key is straight, sprinkle some powdered
graphite on the sides of the key and insert key
in lock several times to distribute the graphite.
IMPORTANT: Use only graphite or a liquid lock
deicer within the lock. Severe lock malfunctions
may require the services of a locksmith.
2. Refer to the table below. Using an ohmmeter
or continuity tester, check for continuity as
follows:
SWITCH POSITION
IMPORTANT: Use only graphite or a liquid lock
deicer within the lock. Severe lock malfunctions
may require the services of a locksmith.
a. Removal
OFF
Switch
Terminals
1. Prepare to remove ignition switch by removing
lower panel (7, Fig. 10.40) next to the switch.
RUN
THERMO START
START
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
1 - BAT
2 - IGN
3 - START
4 - ACC
5 - HEAT
X
1
2
3
4
5
8
9
7
10
12
1.
2.
3.
Seal Cap
Horn Button
Washer/Wiper Switch
10-34
4.
5.
6.
11
6
Seal Cap
7. Lower Panel
Steering Select Switch
8. Switch Guard
Capscrew, hex hd
9. Decal
Fig. 10.40 Removal of Switches and Indicators
MA1221
10. Park Lock Warning Light
11. Seal Cap
12. Park Lock Switch
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
3. Replace the switch if it fails the tests in step 2.
e. Installation
1. Connect the wires as they were tagged during
switch removal.
2
2. Position the switch from under the panel.
3. Install hex nut.
7
4. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
the batteries.
1
5. Install lower panel (7, Fig. 10.40).
10.7.2
8
Neutral Start Switch
The neutral start switch, Fig. 10.41, prevents the
engine from being started with the transmission in
forward or reverse.
3
4
The switch is located on the transmission control
valve assembly. The switch is normally open and
is closed when a switch actuating pin presses a
spring-loaded ball in the neutral start switch.
Test the neutral start circuit as follows:
• Starter MUST NOT operate with travel
select lever in FORWARD or REVERSE
positions.
• Starter MUST NOT operate when park lock
is DISENGAGED.
• Starter MUST operate with travel select
lever in NEUTRAL position.
SWITCH ACTUATING PIN
2
5
6
MA1241
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fuel Injection Pump
Fuel Run Solenoid
Plunger
Spring
O-ring
Solenoid
Engine Coolant Heater
Low Oil Pressure Sender
Fig. 10.42 Fuel Run Solenoid, Coolant Heater and
Low Oil Pressure Sender
If the starter fails to rotate the engine with the travel
select lever in NEUTRAL and the ignition key in the
START:
1. Check for problems in the shift lever linkage.
HYDRAULIC
DECLUTCH
3. Remove the switch from the control valve
assembly and check the actuator pin in the
control valve assembly for free movement.
NEUTRAL START
SWITCH
MA1231
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Neutral Start Switch
Switch Actuating Pin
Control Valve Housing Assembly
Forward, Neutral and Reverse Valve Spool
Oil Seal
Valve Spool Stop
Fig. 10.41 Neutral Start Switch
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
2. Check the neutral start switch, it may not be
closing.
4. Make a continuity check across the terminals
of the switch with the actuator ball manually
depressed. If circuit is open replace the neutral
start switch.
10.7.3
Fuel Run Solenoid
The fuel run solenoid valve (2, Fig. 10.42) lets fuel
enter the injection pump when the ignition key is
turned to START or RUN.
10-35
Section 10. Electrical System
TRAVEL
SELECT
LEVER
PARK
LOCK
LIGHT
STEERING
SELECT
SWITCH
4. Place the spring and plunger in the solenoid.
5. Energize the solenoid using 12 Vdc to see if
the plunger retracts. Replace fuel run solenoid if it doesn’t retract.
e. Installation
1. Clean exterior of fuel injection pump.
2. Install a new O-ring on the fuel run solenoid.
3. Remove protective plug from fuel injection
pump.
RANGE
SELECT
LEVER
PARK
LOCK
SWITCH
4. With spring and plunger in solenoid, turn fuel
run solenoid into fuel injection pump, being
careful to avoid cross threading. Tighten until
snug.
WINDSHIELD
WASHER/WIPER
CONTROL
5. Connect electric wires and connect negative
cable to batteries.
OA0031
Fig. 10.43 Control Panel
a. Removal
1. Engage the park lock, place the travel select
lever in neutral, and turn the ignition switch to
OFF.
2. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
6. Close and lock the engine access door.
7. Prepare to test fuel run solenoid by clearing
personnel and any obstructions from the area
around the forklift.
8. Start the engine.
• If engine starts the solenoid is functioning.
• If engine fails to start, solenoid may have
a poor ground connection. Check voltage
at solenoid.
3. Unlock and open the right engine access door
to gain access to the fuel injection pump.
9. Check for fuel oil leakage around solenoid.
4. Tag and remove electric wires.
10.7.4 Park Lock Switch
5. A plunger and spring may fall from the solenoid when it is removed from the fuel injection
pump. Be prepared to catch these parts when
you remove the solenoid. Use an appropriate
wrench to turn the solenoid counterclockwise.
The park lock switch, Fig. 10.43, has two positions, engaged and disengaged. To engage, lift
cover and flip lever up. To disengage, lower
switch cover.
6. Discard the O-ring.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the fuel run solenoid.
c. Cleaning and Drying
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from batteries.
2. Prepare to remove park lock switch, Fig.
10.43, by removing the lower panel which is
located below the switch.
Without submerging the electrical components,
clean the fuel run solenoid using a approved
solvent and dry using a clean lint-free cloth.
3. Tag and disconnect electric wires from the
switch.
d. Inspection and Replacement
4. Remove hex nut cap seal and the hex nut
which secures switch to left front console
panel.
1. Prepare to test the fuel run solenoid by
assembling the valve at a bench.
2. Inspect the rubber tip on the plunger and
replace plunger if tip is worn.
3. Lubricate valve core and plunger using clean
fuel oil.
10-36
5. Remove switch guard and decal.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the park lock switch.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
c. Cleaning and Drying
1. Clean and condition the hex nut cap seal
using an appropriate vinyl cleaner.
2. Without submerging the switch, clean the
switch with an approved solvent and dry with a
clean lint-free cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the switch terminals for continuity and
shorting in the ENGAGED and DISENGAGED
positions.
1.
2.
3.
Jam Nut
Name Plate
Park Lock Release
Valve Solenoid
4. Valve Core
5. Tee-Run
6. Connector
7. Connector
8. Hex Nut
9. Lock Washer
10. Flat Washer
11. Capscrew
12. Valve Plate Assembly
1
2
3
2. Replace switch if it fails the tests in step 1.
e. Installation
4
1. Connect electric wires as tagged during switch
removal.
MA1252
2. Position park lock switch, Fig. 10.43, under
panel.
3. Position switch guard over switch stem.
4. Install hex nut and hex nut cap seal.
MA1251
5. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig 10.38) to
batteries.
6. Prepare to test park lock engagement and
disengagement by clearing the area around
the forklift of persons and any obstructions to
forklift travel.
• To test for engagement, engage the park
lock switch, place the drive in forward or
reverse and second or medium gear and
apply full throttle. The forklift should
remain motionless in both forward and
reverse positions.
• To test for disengagement, firmly depress
service brake pedal, disengage park lock
switch, place drive in forward or reverse
and first or low gear, and slowly press the
throttle pedal while releasing the brake
pedal. The park lock should release and
the forklift should be free to travel.
10.7.5 Park Lock
Release Valve Solenoid
The 3-way, 2-position, park lock release valve
solenoid is threaded into the park lock release
valve. The valve is located under the cab on the
valve plate assembly.
a. Removal
1. Engage the PARK LOCK, place the travel
select lever in NEUTRAL, and turn ignition
switch to OFF.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
11
12
10
6
9
7
8
5
3
Fig. 10.44 Park Lock Release Valve Solenoid
2. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
Warning !
Relieve hydraulic pressure before servicing any
hydraulic component. Escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin causing
serious injury.
3. Operate the hydraulic controls after the engine
has stopped to relieve any trapped pressure.
Warning !
Wait for the hydraulic fluid to cool before servicing any hydraulic component. Hot hydraulic
fluid can cause severe burns.
4. Disconnect and tag the two wires attached to
the solenoid valve.
5. Remove the jam nut (1, Fig. 10.44) and name
plate (2) from the end of the solenoid valve.
10-37
Section 10. Electrical System
9
2
8
F
N
1
R
REVERSE
SWITCH
DANG
ER
MA1261
3
4
5
6
7
1.
2.
3.
Cotter Pin
Washer
Hex Nut
4.
5.
6.
Lock Washer
Washer
Capscrew
7.
8.
9.
Spacer
Plate
Transmission Shifter
Fig. 10.45 Reverse Switch
6. Slide the solenoid from valve cartridge stem.
e. Installation
7. If the valve cartridge (4) is leaking or malfunctioning, remove the cartridge from the park
lock release valve by turning the cartridge
counterclockwise; then plug the opening in the
park lock release valve.
1. Clean the exterior of the park lock release
valve on the valve plate, Fig. 10.44, to prepare
it for installation of the park lock release valve
solenoid cartridge.
8. Remove the three O-ring seals from the valve
cartridge and discard the seals.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the park lock release valve
solenoid.
c. Cleaning and Drying
1. Carry the park lock release valve solenoid to a
clean working area.
2. Without submerging the solenoid, clean the
solenoid in an approved solvent and dry using
a lint-free cloth.
2. Install three new O-ring seals on the valve
cartridge.
3. Thread the park lock release valve solenoid
cartridge into the park lock release valve on
the valve plate by turning the cartridge clockwise until it firmly seats against the valve.
4. Slide the solenoid (3) and nameplate (2) over
the cartridge (4) stem and secure these
components with the jam nut (1).
5. Refer to the tags attached during removal and
connect the wires to the solenoid.
6. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig 10.38) to
the batteries.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Prepare to test the park lock release valve
solenoid cartridge by assembling the solenoid
onto the cartridge stem at the bench.
2. Lubricate the internal valve piston using clean
filtered hydraulic fluid.
3. Energize the solenoid using 12 Vdc to see if
the internal cartridge piston retracts into the
stem. Discard the park lock release valve
solenoid cartridge if it doesn’t shift.
10-38
Warning !
Before starting the engine be sure all hydraulic
connections are tight and all tools are removed
from the forklift.
7. Prepare to test park lock engagement and
disengagement by clearing the area around
the forklift of persons and any obstructions to
forklift travel.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
e. Installation
• To test for engagement, engage the park
lock switch, place the drive in forward or
reverse and second or medium gear and
apply full throttle. The forklift should
remain motionless in both forward and
reverse positions.
• To test for disengagement, firmly depress
service brake pedal, disengage park lock
switch, place drive in forward or reverse
and first or low gear, and slowly press the
throttle pedal while releasing the brake
pedal. The park lock should release and
the forklift should be free to travel.
10.7.6 Reverse Switch
The reverse switch, Fig. 10.45, causes a backup
alarm to sound at the rear of the forklift when the
travel select lever is shifted into REVERSE. The
reverse switch has two positions, reverse and
neutral. Place travel select lever in REVERSE to
test alarm. Reverse alarm must NOT sound in
FORWARD or NEUTRAL.
a. Removal
1. Prepare to remove reverse switch by removing
lower panel (7, Fig. 10.40) located below
switch.
2. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
3. Tag and disconnect the wires from the switch.
4. Observe and mark hole location at top of
switch and remove cotter pin (1, Fig. 10.45).
5. Disengage switch arm and remove washer (2)
at pivot.
6. Remove hex nut (3), lock washer (4) and
washer (5) at bottom of switch.
7. Remove capscrew (6), spacer (7) and switch
from transmission shifter (9).
b. Disassembly
1. Connect electric wires as tagged during switch
removal.
2. Install capscrew (6, Fig. 10.45) through lower
mounting hole in switch.
3. Install spacer (7) on screw and place screw in
mounting hole in transmission shifter.
4. Install washer (5), lock washer (4) and hex nut
(3). Torque nut to 80 to 85 lb-in. (9 to 9.6
N m).
5. Install washer (2) on pivot at top of switch arm
and place pivot in hole marked during removal.
6. Install cotter pin (1) in pivot.
7. Check for smooth operation of travel select
lever.
8. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig 10.38) to
batteries.
9. Place travel select lever in REVERSE and turn
ignition switch to ON; the backup alarm should
sound.
10. Install lower panel (7, Fig. 10.40).
10.7.7 Steering Select Switch
The steering select switch, Fig. 10.43, has three
positions, up for 4 wheel steer, center for 2 wheel
steer, and down for crab steer. The switch is a
single pole, double throw, toggle switch with three
screw terminals.
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from batteries.
2. Prepare to remove steer select switch, Fig.
10.43, by removing lower panel (7, Fig. 10.40).
3. Tag and disconnect the wires from the switch.
4. Remove hex nut which secures switch to right
front console panel.
Do not disassemble the switch.
b. Disassembly
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the switch, clean the switch
with an approved solvent and dry with a clean lintfree cloth.
Do not disassemble the switch.
c. Cleaning and Drying
d. Inspection and Replacement
Without submerging the switch, clean switch with
an approved solvent and dry with a clean lint-free
cloth.
1. Inspect the switch terminals for continuity in
the reverse position and shorting in the neutral
position.
d. Inspection and Replacement
2. Replace the switch if it fails the tests in step 1.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
1. Inspect switch terminals for continuity in the up
and down positions and shorting in the middle
position.
10-39
Section 10. Electrical System
2. Replace switch if it fails tests in step 1.
e. Installation
1. Connect the wires as they were tagged during
switch removal.
In the de-energized condition, the spool (3) is held
by the return springs (4) in the center position.
The spool is shifted by energizing wet pin solenoids (2).
4. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
the batteries.
The force of the solenoid (2) pushes against push
pin (5) on the end of spool (3). The spool is
shifted from its normal position to the desired end
position. This selects the desired flow pattern of P
to A and B to T, or P to B and A to T. When the
solenoid (2) is de-energized, the control spool (3)
is returned to its normal condition by the centering
springs (4).
5. Test switch for proper operation:
• UP for 4 wheel steer
• CENTER for 2 wheel steer
• DOWN for crab steer
A manual override (6) is provided for emergency
operation of the valve (without electrical power).
The valve is supplied with a rubber boot covered
thumb button type manual override.
2. Position the switch from under the right front
console panel.
3. Install the switch and carefully tighten the hex
nut.
If operation is not correct rotate switch or
reconnect wires.
10.8 GAUGES AND INDICATOR
LIGHTS
7
The gauge cluster contains an hourmeter, warning
lights and a fuel level gauge. Removal and
installation instructions for the gauge cluster are
provided in paragraphs 10.47 and 10.48.
1
10.8.1 Removal of the Gauge Cluster
3
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2
5
4
4
5
Housing
Solenoids (2)
Control spool
Return springs
Push pin
Manual override
Steer-Select Solenoid-Operated Valve
6
2
MA1271
Fig. 10.46 Typical Steer-Select Solenoid-Operated
Valve
10.7.8 Steer Select Solenoid
The steer select valve is a direct solenoid-operated spool-type directional control valve. It
controls the start, stop and direction of fluid flow to
the steering cylinders. It is located on the valve
plate assembly which is mounted under the
operator’s cab.
The valve consists of a housing (1, Fig. 10.46),
two solenoids (2), a control spool (3) and two
return springs (4).
10-40
2. Remove four hex nuts (1, Fig. 10.47) and lock
washers (2) which secure gauge mounting
plate (3) and gauge cover (4) to right console
panel (5) and remove the four hex head
screws (6) from the panel. Carefully break the
rubber seal around the gauge mounting plate
and cover and separate the plate and cover.
3. Service the gauge cluster as described in the
following procedures for servicing of a specific
component in the gauge cluster (refer to
paragraphs 10.8.3, 10.8.4, 10.8.7 and 10.8.8.
4. Temporarily insulate all exposed wiring if it
becomes necessary for you to connect the
battery ground cable before you complete the
removal and installation procedures.
10.8.2 Installation of Gauge Cluster
1. Clean gauge cover (4, Fig. 10.47).
2. Remove all old rubber sealant from gauge
mounting plate (3) and gauge cover (4).
3. Position cover over gauge mounting plate.
Examine the assembly for alignment and the
cover for cleanliness. Apply a bead of silicon
rubber sealing compound along the top and
bottom surface of the gauge mounting plate
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
12
6
9
10
18
19
4
2
1
11
8
3
20
5
7
MA1281
17
13
16
14
15
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Nut, hex, 1/4"
Lock Washer, 1/4"
Gauge Mounting Plate
Gauge Cover
Right Console Panel
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Screw, hex hd 1/4 by 3/4"
Hourmeter
Warning Lights Gauge
Seal Cap
Bulb Test Switch
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Fuel Gauge
Flange Head Bolt
Bulb socket
Bulb
Connector
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
MA1282
Bulb
Fuel gauge light assembly
Hex nut
Tooth type lock washer
Clip
Fig. 10.47 Gauges and Indicator Lights
(3) to minimize the entry of dust between the
plate and the gauge cover (4). Leave the
ends open to provide some ventilation.
4. Position the plate and cover under the right
console panel (5) and secure with four hex
head screws (6), lock washers (2) and hex
nuts (1).
5. Connect any wiring removed in previous
steps.
a. Removal of the Hourmeter
1. Refer to paragraph 10.8.1 for removal of
gauge cluster.
2. Disconnect spade connector at hourmeter (7,
Fig. 10.47).
3. To remove hourmeter, loosen nut on clip
which secures hourmeter to gauge mounting
plate (3).
4. Lift hourmeter from gauge mounting plate.
6. Position right console panel (5) and overlay on
control console and secure with four screws
(12).
b. Cleaning and Drying
10.8.3 Hourmeter
c. Inspection and Replacement
The hourmeter (7, Fig. 10.47) indicates the total
elapsed hours of forklift operation. It is a solid
state electronic piece of equipment except for the
number wheels, rotor and reduction gears. The
hourmeter should operate whenever the engine is
running. If the hourmeter is intermittent or fails to
operate, check for faulty wiring or connections.
Check for proper voltage at meter terminal (8 to 32
Vdc). To check accuracy observe the running
indicator flag wheel. The gauge is accurate to ±1
percent at 75 °F (24 °C).
Inspect the hourmeter and replace if defective. To
check operation observe the indicator flag wheel.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Clean the hourmeter with a clean lint-free cloth.
d. Installation of the Hourmeter
1. Position hourmeter (7, Fig. 10.47) in gauge
mounting plate
2. Install clip and nut which secures hourmeter to
gauge mounting plate.
3. Refer to paragraph 10.8.2 for installation of the
gauge cluster.
10-41
Section 10. Electrical System
HOURMETER
FUEL GAUGE
WARNING
LIGHTS
2. Use an ohmmeter or a continuity tester to test
switch for continuity in the depressed TEST
position and for a short in the released OFF
position.
3. Replace the switch if it fails the test in step 2.
b. How to Replace Bulbs
in Warning Light Gauge
1. Turn ignition key to RUN and press bulb test
button, Fig. 10.48. Note which bulbs fail to
light.
BULB
TEST
BUTTON
OA0031
Engine Oil Pressure—Indicates low
engine oil pressure.
Engine Water Temperature—
Indicates high coolant temperature.
Alternator Charging—Indicates
alternator is not charging.
OA0750
Transmission Oil Temperature—
Indicates high transmission Oil
Temperature.
Fig. 10.48 Warning Lights Signal
Dangerous Operating Conditions
10.8.4 Warning Lights
Warning lamps indicate:
• low engine oil pressure,
• high engine coolant temperature,
• alternator is not charging,
• and high transmission oil temperature.
When ignition key is turned to RUN, engine low oil
pressure and alternator charge lamps will light.
This is normal. When engine is running all lights
should be OFF. If a lamp lights, an emergency
condition exists; stop forklift as soon as possible
and correct the indicated condition.
At the right of the gauges is a warning bulb test
button. With ignition key in RUN position and
engine OFF, press this button to test all four
warning lights. If a bulb fails to light, replace it
immediately. You will find the bulb number in the
Specifications Table at the end of this section.
a. How to Test the Warning Light Gauge
Bulb Test Switch
NOTE: If forklift has an optional lighting system,
turn on headlights momentarily to see if bulb (16,
Fig. 10.47) in fuel level gauge lights. You may
have to move the forklift to a dark environment to
observe if this bulb lights. If it doesn’t light, refer to
paragraph 10.8.9 for fuel level gauge instructions.
Then continue with step 4 of this procedure.
2. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
3. Remove the four bolts (12, Fig. 10.47) which
secure the right console panel and overlay to
the cab and lift and tilt the panel to gain
access to the back side of the panel.
4. Grasp and turn the appropriate bulb socket
(13) a few degrees counterclockwise and
remove socket from gauge.
5. Press and turn bulb counterclockwise to
release it from socket.
6. Inspect socket contact areas for corrosion and
clean and brighten any corroded areas;
replace components as required.
7. To install a new bulb, align pins on bulb with
channels in socket, push bulb into socket, turn
it clockwise to lock pins in detents, and
release it; bulb should be securely anchored in
socket.
8. Position socket in gauge and turn socket a few
degrees clockwise to lock in place.
9. Lower the right console panel into position and
install the four bolts (12) which secure the
panel to the cab.
10. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
11. Turn ignition key to RUN and press TEST
button (10). All four warning bulbs should
light.
12. Turn ignition key to OFF and remove key from
switch.
1. Prepare to test the bulb test switch (10, Fig.
10.47) by disconnecting the wiring at switch.
10-42
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
c. Removal of Warning Lights Gauge
1. Refer to paragraph 10.8.1 for removal of
gauge cluster.
2. Tag and disconnect connector from warning
lights gauge.
3. To remove warning lights gauge, remove nut
(18, Fig. 10.47), lock washer (19) and clip (20)
and remove warning lights gauge from gauge
mounting plate (3).
d. Cleaning and Drying
3. Tag and disconnect wire from terminal of low
oil pressure sender, Fig. 10.42.
4. Remove low oil pressure sender.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the engine low oil pressure
sender.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging sender, clean sender as
required by using a fiber bristle brush and an
approved solvent.
Clean warning lights gauge with a clean lint-free
cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
e. Inspection and Replacement
1. Check engine oil level before testing sender.
Correct low oil level condition.
Inspect warning lights gauge; replace if required.
f.
Installation of Warning Lights Gauge
1. Position warning lights gauge (8, Fig. 10.47) in
gauge mounting plate (3).
2. Install clip (20), lock washer (19) and nut (18)
to secure gauge (8) to gauge mounting plate
(3).
3. Install connector (15) on gauge (8).
4. Refer to paragraph 10.8.2 for the installation of
the gauge cluster.
10.8.5 Engine
Low Oil Pressure Sender
The engine low oil pressure light warns the
operator to discontinue forklift operation immediately because engine oil pressure is too low.
The engine low oil pressure light in the warning
lights gauge is described in paragraph 10.8.5.
The engine low oil pressure sender for this light (1)
is shown in Fig. 10.42.
The oil pressure warning bulb lights to warn the
operator to discontinue forklift operation immediately when engine oil pressure falls below 8.7 psi
(0,6 bar). Battery voltage is applied to one side of
the bulb and a ground path is provided by the
engine low oil pressure sender. The bulb will also
light momentarily due to low oil pressure when the
ignition key is turned to start the engine. After the
engine starts and builds normal oil pressure, the
sender opens and the light goes out.
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Unlock and open right engine access door.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
2. Test the sender for continuity while installed
on engine. With wire disconnected from
sender terminal, connect an ohmmeter or
continuity tester between the sender terminal
and a ground point. Continuity should be
present. Connect wire to terminal on sender
and start the forklift. If warning light remains
ON after pressure has built up in the engine,
the sender is defective.
3. Replace the sender if it fails to pass the tests
in step 2.
e. Installation
1. Install low oil pressure sender.
2. Connect wire to terminal of low oil pressure
sender.
3. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
batteries.
4. Start engine and inspect installation for oil
leaks.
5. Close and lock right engine access door.
ENGINE COOLANT
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SENDER
MA1291
Fig. 10.49 Engine Coolant High Temperature Sender
10-43
Section 10. Electrical System
10.8.6 Engine Coolant
High Temperature Sender
The engine coolant temperature light warns the
operator to discontinue forklift operation immediately when engine coolant is too hot.
When ignition switch is in RUN position, current
through the bulb can be grounded through the
coolant high temperature sender. The sender
closes when the coolant temperature exceeds 210
°F (99 °C) and the bulb lights.
Wire number 6 from the alternator is energized
and lights the alternator not charging bulb if the
alternator stops supplying current upon demand
by the charging circuit.
Refer to paragraph 10.8.4 for procedure for
replacing indicator lamp.
TRANSMISSION HIGH
TEMPERATURE SENDER
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Unlock and open right engine access door.
IMPORTANT: Drain engine coolant below the
level of the high temperature sender, Fig. 10.49.
3. Tag and disconnect wire from high temperature sender terminal, Fig. 10.49.
4. Remove high temperature sender.
MA1301
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble high temperature sender.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the sender, clean the sender
as required by using a fiber bristle brush and an
approved cooling system cleaner.
d. Inspection and Replacement
Test the sender by connecting a low voltage dc
power supply and a test lamp to the sender and
suspending its probe in engine coolant which is
several degrees below 210 °F (99 °C). The
sender should remain open. It should close when
coolant exceeds this temperature.
e. Installation
Fig. 10.50 Transmission High Temperature Sender
10.8.8 Transmission
High Temperature Sender
The transmission high temperature light warns the
operator to discontinue forklift operation immediately because the fluid in the transmission is too
hot.
When the ignition key is in RUN, current through
the bulb can be grounded through the transmission high temperature sender. The sender closes
when the fluid temperature exceeds 250 ± 5 °F (99
± 3 °C) and the bulb lights.
a. Removal
1. Install high temperature sender.
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from batteries.
2. Connect wire to terminal of engine coolant
high temperature sender.
2. Remove transmission cover.
3. Add engine coolant to normal operating level.
3. Tag and disconnect wire from high temperature sender terminal, Fig. 10.50.
4. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
the batteries.
4. Remove high temperature sender.
4. Operate engine and check for coolant leaks.
b. Disassembly
5. Close and lock right engine access door.
Do not disassemble the transmission high temperature sender.
10.8.7 Alternator Not Charging Light
c. Cleaning and Drying
The alternator not charging light warns the operator to discontinue forklift operation immediately
due to a malfunction in the battery charging circuit.
Without submerging the sender, clean the sender
as required by using a fiber bristle brush and an
approved solvent.
10-44
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
29
TO LIGHTING SYSTEM
FOR OPTIONAL FUEL
GAUGE LIGHT
I
21
12
17
S
G
FUEL LEVEL
SENDER
HYDRAULIC
PUMP CASE
GROUND
2
BACK SIDE OF FUEL
GAUGE
MA1312
Fig. 10.51 Fuel Lever Sender and Fuel Gauge Schematic
d. Inspection and Replacement
Test the sender by suspending its probe in hydraulic fluid which is at least 10 °F (5 °C) below
250 °F (99 °C). The sender should remain open.
Increase the temperature of the fluid until it
exceeds this temperature by 10 °F (5 °C). The
sender should close.
e. Installation
1. Install the transmission high temperature
sender.
2. Connect wire to terminal of transmission high
temperature sender.
3. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
batteries.
4. Operate engine and check transmission for
fluid leaks.
5. Install transmission cover.
10.8.9 Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge indicates the liquid level in the fuel
tank. It consists of a resistance, float type fuel
level sender, Fig. 10.51, mounted in the top of the
fuel tank and a fuel level gauge in the control
console. The resistance range of the submerged
coil type fuel sender is 0-30 ohms.
The pointer of the fuel gauge is moved by the
magnetic field of two coils. The coils are at right
angles to each other. Battery voltage is applied to
the “E” coil and the circuit divides at the opposite
end of this coil. One path continues to ground
through the “F” coil. Another goes to ground
through the variable resistor of the fuel level
sender.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
When the tank is low, the resistance of the sender
is low. A large flow of current passes through the
“E” coil and the fuel level sender resistor. This
moves the pointer toward “E” on the scale. When
the tank is full the sender resistance is high. More
current flows through the “F” coil, moving the
pointer toward “F” on the scale.
With two coils operating the pointer, the gauge is
not affected by changes in the voltage of the
system.
a. Fuel Gauge Testing
1. With five gallons of fuel in the fuel tank, fuel
gauge needle must be at approximately 1/4
full.
2. Use a jumper wire to jump across the two
wires at the fuel level sender on the fuel tank.
Fuel gauge needle must be at FULL mark.
3. Switch ignition key OFF; needle must drop
below EMPTY.
If a fuel gauge malfunctions, perform the following
checks:
1. Check for loose gauge mounting screws,
defective wiring, faulty grounds, and corrosion
on fuel tank ground connection.
2
If pointer in gauge does not move when
ignition key is turned ON, use a test lamp to
see if current is flowing from the ignition switch
to the terminal on the gauge. Also, be sure
paint or corrosion doesn’t prevent proper
ground. If pointer still doesn’t move, gauge is
defective and must be replaced.
3. If gauge doesn’t indicate fuel level in tank, be
sure gauge is 0-30 ohm, 12 V.
10-45
Section 10. Electrical System
4. If gauge shows no indication, look for an
empty fuel tank, no current to ignition terminal
because of broken or disconnected lead,
grounded wire between sender and gauge,
gauge not grounded, or sender defective.
5. Loosen the nuts on the clip which secures the
gauge to the gauge mounting plate.
5. Excessive pointer fluctuation may be caused
by loose wire connections or defective sender.
Removal of Sender
6. “Full” scale reading at all times may occur if
wire to sender is broken, sender is not properly grounded, of if sender is defective.
7. If gauge indicates inaccurately, sender may be
defective or there may be low voltage at
gauge terminals.
8. If the pointer fluctuates when optional head
lights are turned on, the engine is not properly
grounded.
b. Fuel Gauge Bulb Replacement
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Remove four bolts (12, Fig. 10.47) which
secure the right console panel (5) and overlay
to the cab and lift and tilt panel to gain access
to the back side of the fuel gauge.
3. Tilt and lift the socket from the fuel gauge.
4. Press and turn bulb (16) counterclockwise to
release it from socket.
5. To install a new bulb, align pins on bulb with
channels in socket, push bulb into socket, turn
it clockwise to lock pins in detents, and
release it; bulb should be securely anchored in
socket.
6. Position and push socket until it seats in
gauge.
7. Lower right console panel (5) into position and
secure the panel with four bolts (12).
c. Removal of Fuel Gauge and Sender
Removal of Fuel Gauge
6. Lift the gauge from the gauge mounting plate.
7. Connect negative (–) cable to batteries.
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Remove the nut and wire from the center
terminal on the sender.
3. Remove the screw which secures the ground
wire and sender to the fuel tank and remove
the ground wire.
4. Remove the other four screws which secure
the sender to the fuel tank.
5. Carefully remove the sender from the fuel tank
by lifting and tilting the assembly so the float
and lever clears the opening in the fuel tank.
6. Remove and discard the gasket.
PANEL
CLIP
INNER NUT—Torque
to 4 lb-inch (0,11 N m)
IGN
GAUGE MOUNTING
NUT—Torque to 14
lb-inch (1.58 N m)
SEND
OUTER NUT — Torque
to 14 lb-inch (1,58 N m)
NYLON SPACER
MA1321
Fig. 10.52 Top View of Fuel Level Gauge
d. Installation of Fuel Gauge and Sender
Installation of Fuel Gauge
1. Refer to paragraph 10.8.1 for the removal of
the gauge cluster.
1. Position fuel gauge in gauge mounting plate
(3, Fig. 10.47).
2. Remove the nut and wire from the right (IGN)
terminal post, Fig. 10.52.
2. Install clip and nuts which secure gauge to
gauge mounting plate.
IMPORTANT: Do not touch this wire to the left
(SEND) terminal post on the fuel gauge or the
sender capsule will be damaged.
3. Install the nut and ground wires on the center
(GND) terminal post of the gauge.
3. Remove the nut and wire from the left (SEND)
terminal post of the fuel gauge.
IMPORTANT: Torque inner nuts to 4 lb-inch (0,45
N m) and outer nuts to 14 lb-inch (1.6 N m) on the
terminal posts of the fuel gauge.
4. Remove the nut and ground wires from the
center (GND) terminal post of the fuel gauge.
4. Install the nut and wire on the left (SEND)
terminal post of the gauge.
10-46
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
8 IS A GROMMET (NOT SHOWN)
31
3
3
5
3
5 11
24 IDENTIFIES FOUR PLASTIC TIES
(NOT SHOWN)
28
38
30
33
27
12
29
25
27
23
54
10
12
13
14
52 53
35
7
29
32
10
4
2
19
7
6
8
9
8
9
3
17
11
6
4 11
26
14 1
1
3
4
9
5
8
10
9
23
3
2
23
35
23
1
MA1331
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Wiring Harness
Headlight (3)
Turn Signal Light (2)
Front Bracket (2)
Hose Clamp, 5/16
Locknut, 3/8 NC (2)
Capscrew, hex hd, 3/8 NC x 1 (2)
Grommet (not shown)
Momentary Brake Light Switch
Capscrew, hex hd, 3/8 NC x 1-3/4
Actuator Plate
4
2
22
21
2
4
6
7
19
20
3
5
17
18
3
MA1332
1
9
10
11
34
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Flasher Mount
Flasher
Machine Screw, rd hd, #10-24 x 3/4 (2)
Locknut, #10-24 (2)
Flat Washer, #10 (2)
Turn Signal Switch
Conduit, 1/2 ID x 12 (not shown)
Head Light Switch
Terminal, female, 1/4 spade (7)
Hose Clamp, 3/8 (2)
12
13
14
15
16
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
Tail Light Bracket (2)
Stop and Tail Light (2)
Plastic Tie, 4 diameter (not shown)
Terminal, male, 1/4 spade
Wire Assembly
Wire Assembly
Wire Assembly
Fuel Gauge Light Assembly
Wire Assembly
Circuit Breaker, 15 A
Wire Assembly
Wire Assembly
Jam Nut 3/8 NC
Rear Work Light
Fig. 10.53 Schematic of Lighting System
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-47
Section 10. Electrical System
Lighting System Circuits
Use with Fig. 10.53 Lighting System
Wire No.
10-48
Color
Gauge
From
To
1
Black
14
Turn Signal Switch (17)
Momentary Brake Switch (9)
2
Black
14
Not Used
3
Black
14
Turn Signal Switch (17)
Stop and Tail Light (23)
4
Black
14
Turn Signal Switch (17)
Stop and Tail Light (23)
5
Black
14
Headlight Switch (19)
Stop and Tail Light (23)
6
Black
14
Turn Signal Switch (17)
Turn Signal Light (3)
7
Black
14
Headlight Switch (19)
Headlight (2)
8
Black
14
Headlight Switch (19)
Headlight (2)
9
Black
14
Turn Signal Switch (17)
Turn Signal Light (3)
10
Black
14
Headlight Switch (19)
Headlight (2)
11
Black
14
Stop and Tail Light (23)
Stop and Tail Light (23)
12
Black
14
15 A Circuit Breaker (31)
Headlight Switch (19)
13
Not Used
14
Black
14
15 A Circuit Breaker (31)
Momentary Brake Light Switch (9)
29
Black
14
Headlight Switch (19)
Fuel Gauge Light Assembly (29)
38
Black
14
15 A Circuit Breaker
6 A Circuit Breaker
52
Black
14
Turn Signal Switch (17)
Flasher (13)
53
Black
14
Turn Signal Switch (17)
Flasher (13)
54
Black
14
15 A Circuit Breaker (31)
Flasher (13)
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
6 9 4 3 1 52 53
GREEN
RED
BLACK
GRAY
GRAY/BLACK
BLUE
YELLOW
MA1341
Fig. 10.54 Schematic of Directional Signal and Emergency Flasher Switch
5. Install nut and wire on the right (IGN) terminal
post.
IMPORTANT: Do not touch this wire to the left
(SEND) terminal post on the gauge or the sender
capsule will be damaged.
6. Refer to paragraph 10.8.2 for the installation of
the gauge cluster.
Installation of the Sender
1. Install a new gasket in the tank opening.
2. Carefully tilt and lower the sender assembly
into the fuel tank.
3. Loosely install the screw which secures the
ground wire to the sender and fuel tank.
4. Install the other four screws and alternately
torque the five screws which secure the
sender to the fuel tank from 10 to 14 lb-inch
(1,13 to 1,58 N m). Use No. 10-24 screws.
5. Install the wire and nut on the center terminal
of the sender.
Loose or corroded connections may cause a
discharged battery, difficult starting, dim lights, and
possible damage to the alternator and charging
circuit.
10.9.1 Directional and Emergency
Flasher Switch
The directional signal lever and the hazard (emergency flasher) slide controls, Fig. 10.55, are
located directly below the steering wheel.
The ignition switch must be in the RUN position for
directional signal lights to be operated with the
directional signal switch lever.
With the directional signal switch in the neutral
position, stepping on the brake pedal will illuminate the rear stop lights on both sides. If directional signals are operating on either side, stepping on the brake pedal will turn on the stop light
only on the side which is not flashing.
DIRECTIONAL SIGNAL LEVER
6. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
10.9 OPTIONAL
LIGHTING SYSTEM
EMERGENCY
FLASHER TAB
The optional lighting system, Fig. 10.53, provides:
• headlights (2), directional signal and hazard
warning lights (3) at the front of the forklift;
• directional signal, hazard warning, stop and
tail lights (23) and a rear work light (35) at
the rear of the forklift, and
• an illuminated fuel level gauge.
The stop lights glow when the brake pedal is
pressed. The stoplights are combined with the
directional signal lights, emergency flasher lights
and tail lights.
Occasionally check to be sure:
• all wiring connections are tight and clean;
• that each lighting unit is tightly mounted to
provide a good ground, and
• that the headlights are properly adjusted.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
OA0622
Fig. 10.55 Directional Signal Switch Lever and
Emergency Flasher Control Tab
Push the lever of the directional signal switch to
the left and down to signal a left turn; to the right
and up for a right turn. A green pilot light will flash
to indicate proper functioning. If pilot light doesn’t
flash, check for defective lamp or pilot bulb before
checking flasher.
The signals are not self-cancelling; the lever must
be moved to the center OFF position after the
indicated turn is negotiated.
10-49
Section 10. Electrical System
a. How to Operate the Emergency Flashers
To operate the emergency flashers, pull flasher
tab out. All signal lamps and red pilot light will
flash. To cancel the emergency flashers, move
the directional signal lever momentarily in either
direction.
1
The flasher mount (12, Fig. 10.53) is located
above and to the right of the brake pedal. When
replacing a flasher, use Flasher No. 180 for this 12
V system.
c. Switch Removal
1. Remove console cover below steering wheel.
2. Disconnect negative cable (2, Fig. 10.38) from
the batteries.
3. Disconnect wiring.
2
4. Remove screws, anchors, clips, strap and
switch.
5
d. Switch Disassembly
4
There are no serviceable parts in the switch
except the bulbs.
e. Switch Inspection and Replacement
6
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1. If the switch has been in service for a long
period of time, prepare to remove the top
cover of the switch by removing two screws.
MA1351
Screw (2)
Top cover
Directional signal switch
Spring clip and socket
Pilot bulb
Wiring harness
2. Apply silicon lubricant to the switch lever pivot
and mechanical contact areas.
3. Replace top cover and two screws.
f.
Fig. 10.56 Pilot Bulb Replacement
b. Flasher and Pilot Bulb Replacement
To replace the pilot bulb, remove two screws (1,
Fig. 10.56) and lift top cover (2) of directional
signal switch (3). When cover is removed, pull
spring clip (4) away from handle. Remove old pilot
bulb (5) and install a new No. 53 bulb for 12 volt
service. Engage the spring clip into the handle.
Do not try to test pilot bulb until switch is reassembled and grounded.
Switch Installation
1. Make sure you disconnect the ground cable
(2, Fig. 10.38) from the negative terminals of
the batteries and remove the flasher during
installation and wiring.
2. Refer to schematic Fig. 10.54 and reconnect
the wires.
3. Tape ends of unused wires to prevent shorts.
4. Mount switch on steering column as shown in
Fig. 10.57.
5. Insert screws into anchors.
GREEN PILOT LIGHTÐLEFT TURN
RED PILOT LIGHTÐEMERGENCY FLASHER
GREEN PILOT LIGHTÐRIGHT TURN
TO CHANGE PILOT BULB
REMOVE TWO SCREWS AND
TOP COVER, SEE FIGURE 10.56
DIRECTIONAL SIGNAL
SWITCH HANDLE
EMERGENCY
FLASHER TAB
SCREW
ANCHOR
STRAP
CLIP
MA1362
Fig. 10.57 Directional and Emergency Flasher Switch Removal
10-50
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
6. Insert assembled anchor screws into slots in
switch. Do not tighten.
10.9.3 Momentary Brake Light Switch
a. Removal
7. Bend strap end through and around clip.
Engage clip between anchor and switch
housing.
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
8. Hold switch against steering column in desired
position and bend strap around column.
Scrape paint from column under strap to make
ground contact.
2. Loosen jam nut (1, Fig. 10.58) which secures
actuator plate (2) to the brake pedal
9. Estimate strap length required and cut if
necessary. Insert unbent portion of strap
through other clip and assemble as in step 7.
4. Remove capscrew (4) and actuator plate (2).
3. Loosen jam nut (3) which bears against the
plate which is welded to the brake pedal.
5. Prepare to remove the rubber capped mounting nut, hereafter referred to as the “boot,”
from the switch (5) by loosening the switch
jam nut on the back side of the brake pedal.
10. Catch clip under anchor and tighten screws
equally until switch is clamped firmly to
steering column.
6. Remove the boot from the switch by manually
turning the boot counterclockwise. Pull and tilt
the boot as required to release the boot from
the groove in the plunger and remove the boot
from the switch.
11. Replace flasher and connect negative (–)
cable to the batteries.
10.9.2 Momentary Brake Light
(Stop Light)
Two stop/tail lights (23, Fig. 10.53) at the rear of
the forklift have dual filament bulbs. The brake
filament lights as long as the service brake pedal
is pressed; it goes out when the pedal is released
completely.
Inspect the operation of the stop/tail light daily and
replace the bulb whenever either filament fails to
light. You will find the number of the bulb in the
Electrical Specifications Table at the end of this
section.
7. Remove the switch from the brake pedal and
carefully lower it to the cab floor without
disconnecting the wires.
8. Tag and disconnect the wires.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the momentary brake light
switch.
c. Cleaning and Drying
If the switch is to be reinstalled, without submerging the switch clean the switch in an approved
solvent and dry it using clean, lint-free cloths.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the switch plunger for freedom of
movement.
2. Inspect the boot for pliability and for cracks.
5
4
1
3
2
MA1371
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Jam Nut
Actuator Plate
Jam Nut
Capscrew
Momentary Brake Light Switch
3. The switch is normally ON, push to OFF,
release and switch will spring return to ON.
Test continuity across the switch terminals
with the switch released in the ON position.
e. Installation
1. Refer to the tags attached in paragraph “a”
and connect the wires to the switch.
2. Remove the boot from the switch and insert
the switch (5, Fig. 10.58) through mounting
hole in the brake pedal and secure switch by
tightening switch jam nut on the back side of
the brake pedal.
Fig. 10.58 Momentary Brake Light Switch
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-51
Section 10. Electrical System
3. Work the opening in the boot into the groove
of the plunger so the metal of the plunger
bears against the actuator plate, not the boot.
Proper installation of the boot protects the
sliding plunger from contamination.
3. Tag and disconnect the wires from the switch.
4. Install jam nut (1) on capscrew (4) and actuator plate (2) on capscrew.
Do not disassemble the switch.
5. Install jam nut (3) on capscrew and then install
capscrew in brake pedal.
6. Readjust brake pedal stop position as described in paragraph 4.3.1.
4. Remove the hex nut which secures the switch
to the right front console panel.
b. Disassembly
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the switch, clean the switch
with an approved solvent and dry with a clean lintfree cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
7. With brake pedal in its normal adjusted
position the plunger must be depressed
approximately 0.12" (3 mm). Adjust the
plunger by loosening the switch jam nut and
adjust by turning the boot as required to obtain
this dimension.
8. Tighten the switch jam nut to maintain this
adjustment.
9. Reconnect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
LIGHT SWITCH
1. Inspect the switch terminals for continuity in
the switch halfway out and fully out positions
and shorting in the switch in position.
2. Replace the switch if it fails the tests in step 1.
e. Installation
1. Connect the wires as they were tagged during
switch removal.
2. Position the switch from under the right front
console panel.
3. Install switch and hex nut.
4. Install lower console panel.
LIGHTS
5. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
6. Test switch in all three positions.
OA0611
WINDSHIELD
WASHER/WIPER
SWITCH
Fig. 10.59 Headlight and Work Light Switch
10.9.4 Headlight and Rear Work Light
Switch
The headlights and rear work light are controlled
by a three position push-pull switch, Fig. 10.59, on
the instrument panel. This switch also controls the
headlights, directional signal lights, tail lights and a
light in the fuel gauge.
• Switch In: Lights OFF
• Switch Halfway Out: Headlights, Tail
Lights and Panel Lights ON
• Switch Fully Out: Headlights, Tail Lights,
Panel Lights and Rear Work Light ON
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Prepare to remove the light switch by removing the lower panel which is located below the
steering wheel.
10-52
OA0031
Fig. 10.60 Windshield Washer/Wiper Switch
10.10 WINDSHIELD
WASHER/WIPER
10.10.1 Windshield Washer/Wiper
Switch (Enclosed Cab Only)
The windshield washer/wiper switch, Fig. 10.60, is
supplied on a forklift with an enclosed cab. Turn
knob to left to operate wiper at low speed; to right
to operate wiper at high speed. Press and hold
knob to activate windshield washer The windshield washer fluid tank is located at the right side
of the seat.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
The 6 A rated switch has a built-in circuit breaker.
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
8
2. Prepare to remove the windshield washer/
wiper switch by removing the lower panel
which is located below the steering wheel.
6
4
5
3. Tag and disconnect the wires from the switch.
3
4. Remove the knob by pulling directly upward
on the knob.
1
5. Remove the hex nuts which secure the switch
to the panel.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the switch.
c
Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the switch, clean the switch
with an approved solvent and dry with a clean lintfree cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the switch terminals for continuity with
the switch in the right, lift and depressed
positions and shorting in the center position.
2. Replace the switch if it fails the tests in step 1.
7
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
MA1381
Positive Wire
Hose
Bolt (3)
Flat Washers
Ground Wire
Tooth-Type Lock Washer
Motor
Washer Reservoir Assembly
Fig. 10.61 Windshield Washer Motor Removal
IMPORTANT: Be careful to save the tooth type
lock washer (6) at the lower right corner of the
reservoir between the reservoir and the cab wall.
e. Installation
5. Lift the washer reservoir assembly (8) from the
forklift.
1. Connect the wires as they were tagged during
switch removal.
b. Disassembly
2. Position the switch from under the right front
console panel.
3. Install the switch and tighten the hex nut.
4. Replace the knob and lower console panel.
5. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
Do not disassemble; the reservoir and motor are
not available separately.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the motor or pump, rinse out
the reservoir and allow it to air dry.
d. Inspection and Replacement
10.10.2 Windshield Washer Motor and
Reservoir (Enclosed Cab Only)
1. Prepare to test the motor by filling the reservoir with water.
The windshield washer motor and reservoir are a
unit and cannot be serviced separately.
2. Test the motor by connecting a 12 Vdc source
to the motor terminals. If motor doesn’t run,
replace reservoir and motor assembly.
a. Removal
1. Disconnect the negative (–) cable at the
batteries (2, Fig. 10.38).
2. Disconnect the positive wire (1, Fig. 10.61) at
the motor (7).
3. Inspect the condition of the reservoir; if
cracked, brittle, or leaking at the joint between
the reservoir and pump, replace the reservoir
and motor assembly.
3. Disconnect the hose (2).
4. Check hose from pump to washer nozzle for
proper connection and deterioration.
4. Remove three bolts (3), three flat washers (4)
and the ground wire (5).
5. Be sure passage through nozzle is open and
is not clogged.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-53
Section 10. Electrical System
1
2
3
5
6
7
10
8
9
F
N
R
4
DANG
ER
34
35
MA1391
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
Flange Head Capscrews (4)
Right Console Overlay
Right Front Console Panel
Spring
Jam Nuts (2)
Lock Washers (4)
Capscrews (2)
Brake Valve
Clevis Pin
Cotter Pin
Nut
Washer
Wiper Arm
Knurled Driver
Rubber Cap
Nut
Washer
Fiber Washer
Screw (2)
Flat Washer (2)
Panto Adapter
Gasket
Nut
Shaft and Pivot Assembly
Retainer
Connecting Link
Nut
Drive Arm
Bowed Washer
Screw
Lock Washer
Motor Mount
Wiper Motor
Capscrew
Lower Panel
Washer Nozzle
13
36
12
17 18
11
14
16
MA1392
15
19
20
21
22
33
23
24
32
29
26
25
28
31
30
27
MA1393
Fig. 10.62 Windshield Wiper Motor Removal and Disassembly
10-54
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
e. Installation
1. Prepare to install washer reservoir assembly
by taping a tooth-type lock washer (4, Fig.
10.61) to back side of the lower right corner of
reservoir. Use a thin transparent tape.
2. Position reservoir assembly (8) in the forklift.
3. Install two flat washers (4) and two bolts (3)
through the holes in the top of the reservoir.
4. Install the ground wire (5), flat washer (4), bolt
(3) through the hold in the lower right corner of
the reservoir. The bolt will pass through the
tooth-type lock washer (4) which was taped to
the reservoir in step 1.
5. Connect the hose (2).
6. Connect the positive wire (1) to the motor.
7. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
10.10.3
Windshield Wiper Motor
(Enclosed Cab Only)
4. Prepare to position the brake valve (8, Fig.
10.62) to one side by disconnecting spring (4).
5. Remove two jam nuts (5), four lock washers
(6) two capscrews (7) and position the brake
valve (8) out of the way to provide access to
the windshield wiper motor.
6. Remove nuts (11) and washer (12).
7. If necessary, use a gear puller to separate
wiper arm (13) from knurled driver (14). Then
remove knurled driver.
8. Remove rubber cap (15), nut (16), washer (17)
and fiber washer (18).
9. While an assistant supports the windshield
wiper motor from within the cab, remove the
screw (19), flat washer (20), panto adapter
(21), and gasket (22); your assistant can now
lift the motor and attached parts from the cab.
10. Place motor and attached parts on a bench
and remove nut (27), drive arm (28) and
washer (29) from wiper motor assembly (33).
The windshield wiper motor is located behind the
steering column and brake valve.
10
9
Caution !
Keep hands away from linkage when motor is
operating to avoid serious personal injury.
8
a. Initial Testing
7
1. If the motor fails to operate, prepare to test the
motor by disconnecting the negative (–) cable
from the batteries.
6
5
2. Disconnect the wiring to the motor and test the
motor using an independent 12 Vdc power
source which supplies at least 6 A.
4
3. Reconnect the negative (–) cable to the
batteries.
3
3. If the motor fails to operate, remove and
replace the motor as follows.
b. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Prepare to remove the windshield wiper motor
by removing four flange head capscrews (1,
Fig. 10.62) and lifting and positioning the right
console overlay (2) and right front console
panel (3) to one side to provide access to the
windshield wiper motor.
3. Tag and disconnect wiring from wiper motor.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
2
A.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
1
MA1401
Torque from 18 to 22 lb-inch (2.03 to 2.49 Nm)
Screw (3)
Cover
Spacing Washers
Cable Securing Bracket
Parking Switch Assembly
Cable Assembly
Gear and Shaft Assembly
Spacing Washer
Automatic Wiper Parking Adjustment Stud
Wiper Motor
Fig. 10.63 Wiper Motor Disassembly
10-55
Section 10. Electrical System
c. Disassembly
1. To facilitate reassembly, place parts on a
clean bench or in a clean pan in the order in
which they are removed.
2. Inspect gear and shaft assembly (7) for
damaged or worn gear teeth, damaged
threads or worn flats on the end of the shaft.
Replace gear and shaft assembly if damaged.
2. Remove cover fastening screws (1, Fig.
10.63), cover (2), spacing washers (3), and
cable securing bracket (4) from the gear
housing.
3. Replace motor if motor housing is damaged.
3. Remove parking switch assembly (5). If the
parking switch is to be replaced, unsolder all
leads from the plate.
5. Inspect connecting link (26) for worn bearings.
Replace connecting link if damaged.
4. Inspect drive arm assembly (28, Fig. 10.62) for
wear, loose pin and cracks. Replace drive
arm assembly if damaged.
4. Remove cable assembly (6) if replacement is
necessary.
6. Inspect shaft and pivot assembly (24) for
damaged threads and loose drive arm.
Replace damaged parts.
5. Remove gear and shaft assembly (7) and
spacing washer (8) from the drive shaft.
7. Inspect spring clips, screws, nuts and washers
for serviceability. Replace as required.
NOTE: If drive gear housing or motor housing is
damaged beyond repair, replace motor assembly.
f.
d. Cleaning and Drying
1. Clean the gear and shaft assembly (7) and the
armature shaft worm with Varsol or equivalent
cleaning fluid.
IMPORTANT: Bearing equipped parts must not
be immersed in the cleaning fluid. These parts
should be cleaned with a brush dipped in the
cleaning fluid, making certain that the cleaning
fluid does not contact the bearings.
2. Thoroughly dry all parts that have been in
contact with the cleaning fluid.
3. Clean the parking switch using a clean dry
cloth. Remove all traces of lubricant from the
contact spring and grease or oil from the
insulation plate.
37/64 TO 19/32" (1,7 TO 15,1 mm)
Lubrication
As the parts are being assembled:
1. Lubricate the gear housing by filling the space
between the bearings in the drive shaft bore
with Electro Systems LU3001 grease.
• Place a sufficient amount of grease in the
worm gear cavity to immerse the lower 1/
8" of the drive gear.
• Apply a thin film of LU3001 grease to the
portion of the housing that contacts the
drive gear. Apply two or three drops of
SAE #10 oil to the felt packing surrounding
the armature shaft bearing.
2. Lubricate the gear and shaft assembly (7, Fig.
10.63) by applying a thin film of Electro
Systems TSE52115 to the cam and recessed
portion of the gear face. Apply a thin film of
Electro Systems LU3001 grease to both sides
of the nylon spacing washer (8).
GREEN
LEAD
LARGE
LEAD
RED
LEAD
MA1411
Fig. 10.64 Minimum and Maximum Parking Switch
Spring Dimensions
e. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect parking switch assembly (5, Fig.
10.63) for security of soldered connections,
cracked or damaged plate, loose terminals,
damaged or frayed cables, loose parking stud,
and misaligned contact points. Spring height
must be as indicated in Fig. 10.64.
10-56
BLACK
LEAD
SMALL
MA1421
LEAD
Fig. 10.65 Soldering of Coil Leads and Cable
Assembly to Windshield Wiper Parking Switch
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
g. Reassembly
1. Solder the coil leads and cable assembly to
the parking switch as shown in Fig. 10.65.
3. If adjustment is required to obtain the proper
parking position, proceed as follows:
(a) Loosen the cover fastening screws (1, Fig.
10.63).
2. Assemble the spacing washer (8, Fig. 10.63)
to the drive shaft, and the gear and shaft
assembly (7) to the gear housing with the flats
on the drive shaft coinciding with the horizontal center line of the motor. Complete step 1
of paragraph f, Lubrication.
(b) If the drive collar parks before completing
an oscillation, turn the adjustment stud
counterclockwise.
(c) If the drive collar parks after it has completed an oscillation and has started the
return swing, move the adjustment stud (9,
Fig. 10.63) clockwise.
3. Assemble the bowed washer (29, Fig. 62) to
the drive shaft with the convex surface facing
the gear housing. Assemble the drive arm
(28) and nut (27) to the drive shaft.
(d) Start the motor, shut it off and note the
new parking position of the drive collar.
IMPORTANT: Hold the drive plate in a vise to
prevent placing a strain on the gear teeth when
tightening the nut.
(e) Repeat the procedures in paragraphs 3b,
c, and d until the required parking position
is obtained, then tighten the cover fastening screws (1) to a torque of 18 to 22 lb/in
(2 to 2,5 N m).
4. Tighten the nut to a torque of 50 to 70 lb/in
(5,6 to 7,9 N m).
h. Testing
4. Install wiper arm and blade in park position.
1. Connect the negative terminal of a fully
charged 12 V battery, depending upon the
rated voltage of the motor, to one of the thrubolts (10, Fig. 10.63).
2. Test high speed operation by connecting the
red lead to the positive terminal. The output
shaft will turn at 60 to 75 rpm with a maximum
current draw of 3 A.
3. Test low speed operation by connecting the
green leads to the positive terminal. The
output shaft will turn at 45 to 58 rpm with a
maximum current draw of 2 A.
i.
Wiper Blade Park Adjustment
Caution !
Keep hands away from linkage whenmotor is in
operation to avoid serious personal injury.
After a windshield wiper drive unit has been
installed in a vehicle, but before the arm and blade
are assembled to the drive arm (28, Fig. 10.62),
adjust blade park position as follows:
IMPORTANT: The arm and blade should not be
assembled to the drive arm (28) at this time.
1. Operate the motor through the manual switch.
2. Watch the drive collar on the wiper arm shaft
assembly. Turn the switch to the OFF position
and note the park position of the drive collar.
NOTE: The parking position of the drive collar
must be at the end of a complete oscillation.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
5. Operate the wiper and note the park position
of the blade when the unit is turned off.
6. If the blades don’t park in the required position, readjust as described in step 3.
NOTE: Never adjust the arm and blade to park
closer than 1-1/2 to 2" from the windshield moulding. The wipe angle of a 18" arm with a 18" blade
should not exceed 127°.
j.
Installation
1. Attach the motor (33, Fig. 10.62) to the motor
mount (32) using three lock washers (31) and
capscrews (30).
2. Install the drive arm (28) and nut (27) on the
gear and shaft assembly (7, Fig. 10.63).
3. While an assistant supports the windshield
wiper motor from within the cab, install the
gasket (22, Fig. 10.62), panto adapter (21), flat
washer (20) and screw (19).
4. Connect the wiring to the wiper motor.
5. Install the fiber washer (18), washer (17), nut
(16), and rubber cap (15).
6. Install wiper arm (13) on knurled driver (14).
7. Install washer (12) and nut (11).
8. Connect wiring to wiper motor.
9. Position the brake valve (8) and install two
capscrews (7), four lock washers (6) and two
jam nuts (5).
10. Install clevis pin (9) and cotter pin (10).
10-57
Section 10. Electrical System
11. Connect spring (4).
e. Installation
12. Position the right front console panel (3) and
right console overlay (2) and install four flange
head capscrews (1).
1. Position the fan and install four screws, Fig.
10.66.
13. Connect the negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
to the batteries.
3. Connect negative (–) cable to the batteries.
2. Connect wire at terminal.
4. Test fan operation.
WIRE
SCREWS (4)
10.12 CAB HEATER
(ENCLOSED CAB ONLY)
10.12.1
Cab Heater Switch (Enclosed
Cab Only)
The cab heater fan is only operable when the
ignition switch is in the RUN position. The heater
fan switch (11, Fig. 10.67) is located on the left
side of the seat base.
NOTE: During summer operation, close the
heater line shut-off valve (13) at the left corner of
the engine just above the alternator.
a. Removal
MA1431
Fig. 10.66 Air Circulation Fan Removal
10.11 FAN SWITCH AND FAN
MOTOR (OPTIONAL)
The circulation fan is only operable when the
ignition switch is in the RUN position. The fan
switch is located at the base of the fan mount.
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38),
from the batteries.
2. Disconnect wire, Fig. 10.66, from fan at
terminals.
3. Support the fan with one hand and remove
four screws with the other hand.
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble; there are no serviceable
parts in the fan.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging motor or bearings, clean fan
with a nonmetallic bristle brush using an approved
solvent and dry with a clean cloth.
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Remove two capscrews (1, Fig. 10.67) and
lock washers (2) and tooth-type grounding
washers (3).
3. Remove two capscrews (4), lock washers (5)
and spacers (6).
4. Slide heater and fan unit (7) forward to provide
access to the cab heater switch (11).
5. Tag and disconnect wiring from switch.
6. Remove hex nut with cap (8), knurled nut (9),
decal (10), and heater switch (11) from
suspension support (12).
b. Inspection and Replacement
1. Test the mechanical operation of the switch
toggle; switch positions are HI, LOW and OFF.
2. Test switch for continuity in the HI and LO
positions and for a short in the OFF position.
3. Replace switch if it fails to pass the tests in
steps 1 and 2.
c. Installation
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. If negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) had been
reconnected to the batteries, disconnect this
cable.
Test fan using a 12 Vdc source which supplies at
least 4 A; replace if defective.
2. Position heater fan switch (11, Fig. 10.67) in
suspension support (12) and adjust knurled
10-58
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
21
22
23
11
9
1
2
9
12
3
10
9
8
19
5
4
24
7
6
16
15
14
17
13
MA1442
18
14
20
MA1441
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Capscrew
Lock Washer
Tooth-Type Grounding Washers
Capscrew
Lock Washer
Spacer
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Heater and Fan Unit
Hex Nut with Cap
Knurled Nut
Decal
Heater Fan Switch
Suspension Support
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Valve
Clamps
Hose Connector
Elbow, 45°
Reducer
Tie Wrap
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
Grommet
Hoses
Sheet Metal Screws
Fan Mounting Bracket
Core
Sheet Metal Screws
Fig. 10.67 Removal of Optional Cab Heater Switch and Heater Fan Motor
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-59
Section 10. Electrical System
nut (9) to provide the desired projection of the
switch stem through the suspension support.
Install decal (10), knurled nut (9), heater
switch (11), and hex nut with cap (8).
3. Connect wiring to switch (11).
4. Slide heater and fan unit (7) into position.
5. Install two spacers (6), lock washers (5) and
capscrews (4).
6. Install two tooth-type grounding lock washers
(3), lock washers (2) and capscrews (1).
7. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
the batteries.
c. Cleaning and Drying
1. Clean the interior of the heater core by connecting a hose to the inlet and flushing the
core with water.
2. Soak the exterior of the heater core in a
detergent solution and then flush the coil with
water from a hose.
3. Allow the core to air dry.
4. Clean all parts of the heater housing with
detergent in water, rinse and dry using a clean
lint-free cloth.
d. Inspection and Replacement
8. Test heater fan motor operation.
1. Straighten bent fins using a duckbill pliers.
10.12.2
2. Test the heater fan motor for free rotation of
the shaft. If the shaft is binding, lubricate
bushing area using a few drops of an approved oil for small electric motors. Manually
turn the shaft to work the oil into the bushings.
Heater Fan Motor and Coil
(Enclosed Cab Only)
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Remove two capscrews (1, Fig. 10.67), lock
washers (2), and tooth-type grounding washers (3).
3. Test the motor by connecting a fused or
protected 6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc power
supply to the motor terminals using short
heavy gauge wires.
3. Remove two capscrews (4), lock washers (5)
and spacers (6).
4. If the motor doesn’t run prepare to replace it
by removing the nuts and lock washers which
secure the motor to the heater.
4. Slide heater and fan unit (7) forward to provide
access to the cab heater motor and hose
connections.
5. Position the new motor on the heater and
install the lock washers and nuts which secure
it to the heater.
5. Tag and disconnect wiring from motor.
6. Pressure test the heater core for leakage and
replace core if defective or in marginal condition.
6. Open valve (13) at the left corner of the engine
just above the alternator.
7. Place a clean container under the engine drain
plug. Drain the coolant by venting the radiator
and removing the engine drain plug.
e. Assembly
8. At the cab heater loosen clamps (14) and
disconnect hoses (20).
2. Position fan mounting bracket (22) on heater
and install four sheet metal screws (21).
9. Remove heater and fan unit (7) from forklift
and place it on a clean bench.
f.
b. Disassembly
1. Disassembly of the heater unit is not required.
However, if you intend to clean the heater
core, remove four sheet metal screws (21, Fig.
10.67) and the fan mounting bracket (22).
IMPORTANT: Handle core (23) with care to avoid
damaging the delicate fins.
2. Remove four sheet metal screws (21) from the
front of the heater and lift the heater core from
the heater.
10-60
1. Position core (23, Fig. 10.67) in the heater and
install four sheet metal screws (24).
Installation
1. If negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) had been
reconnected to the batteries, disconnect this
cable.
2. Position the heater and fan unit in the forklift.
3. Connect hoses (20, Fig 10.67) and install and
tighten clamps (14).
4. Open valve (13).
5. Replace coolant in engine and heater lines,
connect the ground cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to the
negative terminals of the batteries, start the
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
engine, allow engine to idle for several minutes, and check for leakage at the heater
connections.
5
6. Disconnect battery ground cable (2, Fig.
10.38) from the negative terminals of the
batteries.
1
10
7. Connect wiring to motor.
8. Prepare to electrically ground the heater unit
by positioning tooth type ground washers (3,
Fig 10.67) over the tapped holes in the coolant
inlet/outlet side of the heater. Use a thin,
transparent tape to temporarily secure the
washers to the heater unit.
9. Slide heater and fan unit (7) into position
under suspension support (12) without disturbing the ground washers (3) which were taped
into position during the previous step.
10. Install two lock washers (5), capscrews (4)
and spacers (6) at the other side of the
suspension support (12).
11. Install two lock washers (2) and capscrews (1)
through the holes in the suspension support
(12) and through the tooth type grounding
washers (3) into the tapped holes in the
heater.
12. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
the batteries.
13. Test heater fan motor operation.
6
9
4
3
7
2
8
PA0562
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Motor
Pump
Screw
Solenoid
Terminal Cable
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Coupling
Washer
Screw
Washer
Ground Strap
Fig. 10.68 Steering and Emergency Brake Pump and
Motor (S/N 7P0013 and Before)
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Unlock and open right engine access door.
3. Tag and disconnect wires from terminals of
emergency pump oil pressure switch.
4. Remove the switch.
10.13 EMERGENCY BRAKING
AND STEERING SYSTEM
10.13.1
Low Oil Pressure Switch
The emergency pump oil pressure switch (31, Fig.
10.5) performs three functions:
• When starting the engine, the switch
energizes the emergency steer pump to
supply oil pressure as the engine is being
started;
• When oil pressure at the engine rises
above 4 psi (0,3 bar), the switch opens,
stopping the emergency steer pump
because the engine is turning fast enough
for the tandem pump to supply sufficient
hydraulic oil pressure for forklift operation.
• If engine oil pressure again falls below 4
psi (0,3 bar), the switch will close and the
emergency steer pump will resume
operation for as long as the battery retains
a sufficient charge.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
b. Disassembly
Do not disassemble the engine emergency pump
oil pressure switch.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the switch, clean the switch
as required by using a fiber bristle brush and an
approved solvent.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Test the switch for continuity. It should close
when oil pressure falls below 4 psi (0,3 bar). It
should open when oil pressure rises above 4
psi (0,3 bar).
2. Replace the switch if it fails to pass the tests in
step 1.
e. Installation
1. Install the emergency pump oil pressure
switch.
2. Connect the wires to the terminals of the
emergency pump oil pressure switch.
10-61
Section 10. Electrical System
3. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
the batteries.
2. Remove solenoid (4) by removing two 1/4-20
by 1/4" Torx head screws.
4. Start the engine and inspect for oil leaks.
3. In warranty the pump and motor assembly is
replaced as a complete unit. Out of warranty
the pump and motor can be serviced as
separate items. If further disassembly is
required, mark the orientation of the pump to
the motor and remove four screws which
secure the pump (2) to the motor (1).
5. Close and lock right engine access door.
10.13.2 Steering and Emergency
Hydraulic Pump
(S/N 7P0013 and Before)
The emergency hydraulic pump, Fig. 10.68,
performs three functions:
• When starting the engine, the emergency
steer pump supplies oil pressure as the
engine is being started;
• When oil pressure at the engine rises
above 4 psi (0,3 bar), the emergency steer
pump ceases operation because the
engine is turning fast enough for the
tandem pump to supply sufficient hydraulic
oil pressure for forklift operation.
• If engine oil pressure again falls below 4
psi (0,3 bar), the switch will close and the
emergency steer pump will resume
operation for as long as the battery retains
a sufficient charge.
a. Removal
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Remove hydraulic tank cover.
3. Disconnect red electrical cable from solenoid
(4, Fig. 10.68) by removing nut.
4. Tag and disconnect yellow ground wire from
solenoid (4) by removing nut.
5. Tag and disconnect yellow ground wire from
housing of motor (1) by removing screw.
6. Tag, disconnect, and plug the hydraulic supply
hose at the pump. Cap or plug the hose end
and pump ports.
7. Tag, disconnect, and plug the hydraulic
pressure hose at the pump. Cap or plug the
hose end and pump ports.
8. Prepare to remove pump and motor assembly
by supporting assembly while an assistant
removes two 3/8-16 UNC hex head
capscrews.
9. Lift assembly from the forklift.
b. Disassembly
1. Disconnect black electric terminal cable (5,
Fig. 10.68) by removing nuts at the solenoid
(4) and at the housing of the motor (1).
10-62
4. Lift pump (2) from motor (1).
5. Remove coupling (6) from pump (2).
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the motor (1, Fig. 10.68) in
the cleaning solvent, clean the pump and motor
assembly in an approved cleaning solvent and
blow dry.
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the pump and motor assembly.
2. Discard the complete pump or motor if the
pump (2, Fig. 10.68) or motor (1) is damaged
or defective.
3. Test the coil of the solenoid (4) for continuity.
Discard solenoid if it is damaged or defective.
4. Test solenoid operation using short heavy
gauge wires connected to a fused or protected
6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc power supply.
Discard solenoid if it fails to operate.
5. Test pump motor operation using short heavy
gauge wires connected to a fused or protected
6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc power supply.
Discard motor if it fails to run.
e. Assembly
1. If pump and motor was disassembled, install
coupling (6, Fig. 10.68) in pump (2).
2. Refer to the orientation marks made in paragraph b, place the pump (2) in position on the
motor (1) and secure with four screws.
3. Position solenoid (4) on housing of motor (1)
and install two 1/4-20 by 1/4" Torx hd screws.
4. Torque bottom nut on the ground terminal on
the housing of the motor (1) to 100 lb/in (11,3
N m) maximum.
5. Connect black electric terminal cable (5) by
installing nuts at the solenoid (4) and at the
ground terminal on the housing of the motor
(1). Torque this top nut on the ground terminal
on the housing of the motor to 35 lb/in (3,9
N m) maximum.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
f.
7. Position the red electrical cable on the solenoid (4) and secure with nut.
Installation
1. Lower the pump and motor assembly into
position and secure to machine frame.
2. Connect supply and pressure hydraulic hoses
to appropriate ports in pump (2, Fig. 10.68).
3. Reconnect wiring to solenoid and motor.
4. Replace hydraulic tank cover.
5. Position the appropriate yellow ground wire on
the end head assembly (2) and secure with
screw.
6. Position the appropriate yellow ground wire on
the solenoid (4) and secure with nut.
7
1
8. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
batteries.
10.13.3 Steering and Emergency
Hydraulic Pump
(S/N 7P0014 thru 9B0499)
The emergency hydraulic pump (3, Fig. 10.69)
performs three functions:
• When starting the engine, the emergency
steer pump supplies oil pressure as the
engine is being started;
• When oil pressure at the engine rises above
4 psi (0,3 bar), the emergency steer pump
ceases operation because the engine is
turning fast enough for the tandem pump to
supply sufficient hydraulic oil pressure for
forklift operation.
• If engine oil pressure again falls below 4 psi
(0,3 bar), the switch will close and the
emergency steer pump will resume operation
for as long as the battery has sufficient
charge.
a. Removal
2
1. Disconnect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38)
from the batteries.
2. Remove hydraulic tank cover.
3. Disconnect red electrical cable from solenoid
(4, Fig. 10.69) by removing nut.
6
4
4. Tag and disconnect yellow ground wire from
solenoid (4) by removing nut.
5
5. Tag and disconnect yellow ground wire from
end head assembly (2) by removing screw.
6. Tag, disconnect, and plug the hydraulic supply
hose at the pump. Cap or plug the hose end
and pump ports.
3
PA0572
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Motor
End Head Assembly
Pump
Solenoid
Check Valve
Taptite Screw, 1/4-20 x 1/4, Torx hd
Terminal Cable
Fig. 10.69 Steering and Emergency Hydraulic Pump
(S/N 7P0014 thru 9B0499)
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
7. Tag, disconnect, and plug the hydraulic
pressure hose at the pump. Cap or plug the
hose end and pump ports.
8. Prepare to remove pump and motor assembly
by supporting assembly while an assistant
removes two 3/8-16 UNC hex head
capscrews.
9. Lift assembly from the forklift.
b. Disassembly
1. Disconnect black electric terminal cable (7,
Fig. 10.69) by removing nuts at the solenoid
(4) and at the housing of the motor (1).
10-63
Section 10. Electrical System
2. Remove solenoid (4) by removing two 1/4-20
by 1/4" Torx head screws.
3. In warranty the pump and motor assembly is
replaced as a complete unit. Out of warranty
the pump and motor can be serviced as
separate items. If further disassembly is
required, mark the orientation of the pump to
the motor and remove two screws which
secure the pump (3) and end head assembly
(2) to the motor (1).
4. Lift pump (3) from motor (1).
3. Reconnect wiring to solenoid and motor.
4. Position the appropriate yellow ground wire on
the end head assembly (2) and secure with
screw.
5. Position the appropriate yellow ground wire on
the solenoid (4) and secure with nut.
6. Position the red electrical cable on the solenoid (4) and secure with nut.
7. Connect negative (–) cable (2, Fig. 10.38) to
the batteries.
c. Cleaning and Drying
Without submerging the motor (1, Fig. 10.69) in
cleaning solvent, clean pump and motor assembly
in an approved cleaning solvent and blow dry.
10.14 TROUBLESHOOTING
CONTENTS
d. Inspection and Replacement
1. Inspect the pump and motor assembly.
Title
Page
2. Discard the complete pump and motor assembly if the pump (3, Fig. 10.69), end head
assembly (2) or motor (1) is damaged or
defective.
WARNING DEVICES
10-65
Horn, Backup Alarm, Reverse Switch and
Warning Lights
10-65
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
10-66
3. Test the coil of the solenoid (4) for continuity.
Discard solenoid if it is damaged or defective.
STARTING SYSTEM
10-67
Starter, Starting Motor Relay and
Thermo Start Plug
10-68
CHARGING SYSTEM
10-69
Alternator and Batteries
10-69
SWITCHES AND SOLENOIDS
10-71
Ignition and Neutral Start Switches
Fuel Run Solenoid
Park Lock Switch and Release Valve Solenoid
Reverse Switch and Backup Alarm
Steering Select Switch and Solenoid
10-71
10-72
10-72
10-73
10-73
GAUGES AND INDICATOR LIGHTS
10-73
Hourmeter
Warning Lights
Engine and Steering Low Oil Pressure Switches
Engine Coolant High Temperature Switch
Alternator Warning Light
Transmission High Oil Temperature Switch
Fuel Level Gauge
10-73
10-74
10-74
10-75
10-75
10-75
10-76
OPTIONAL LIGHT CIRCUIT
10-76
Directional and Emergency Flasher Switch
Momentary Brake Light and Switch
Headlight and Rear Work Light Switch
10-76
10-77
10-77
WINDSHIELD WASHER/WIPER
10-78
AIR CIRCULATION FAN
10-81
CAB HEATER
10-81
BRAKING AND STEERING PUMP
10-82
4. Test solenoid operation using short heavy
gauge wires connected to a fused or protected
6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc power supply.
Discard solenoid if it fails to operate.
5. Test pump motor operation using short heavy
gauge wires connected to a fused or protected
6 A minimum output, 12 Vdc power supply.
Discard motor if it fails to run.
e. Assembly
1. If the pump and motor assembly was disassembled, place the end head assembly (2,
Fig. 10.69) and pump (3) in position on the
motor (1) and secure with two screws.
2. Refer to the orientation marks made in paragraph b, position the solenoid (4) on the
housing of the motor (1) and install two 1/4-20
by 1/4" Torx head screws.
3. Connect black electric terminal cable (7) by
installing nuts at the solenoid (4) and at the
housing of the motor (1). Torque this top nut
on the ground terminal on the housing of the
motor to 35 lb/in (3,9 N m) maximum.
f.
Installation
1. Lower pump and motor assembly into position
and secure to machine frame by installing two
3/8-16 UNC hex head capscrews.
2. Connect the supply and pressure hydraulic
hoses to appropriate ports in the end head
assembly (2, Fig. 10.69).
10-64
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Warning Devices—HORN
Horn doesn't
sound when horn
button is pressed.
Horn sounds
continuously
without horn
button pressed.
1. No voltage at horn (7, Fig.
10.5); broken wire or circuit
breaker (11) doesn't reset.
Replace wiring and circuit
breaker as required.
See para. 10.2.1
2. Corroded electrical ground
at horn mounting.
Repair electrical ground.
See para. 10.2.1
3. Loose or broken wiring.
Repair or replace wiring.
See para. 10.2.1
4. Defective horn switch (49,
Fig. 10.5).
Test horn switch for continuity
with horn button pressed;
replace switch if open.
See para. 10.2.1
5. Defective horn (7, Fig.
10.5).
Remove horn from forklift and
test horn using short heavy
gauge wires connected to a
fused or protected 6 A
minimum output, 12 Vdc
power supply.
See para. 10.2.1
1. Defective horn switch (49,
Fig 10.5).
Test horn switch for continuity
without horn button pressed;
replace switch if closed.
See para. 10.2.1
2. Short circuit in wiring.
Determine and repair cause of
short circuit.
See para. 10.2.1
Warning Devices—BACKUP ALARM AND REVERSE SWITCH
Backup alarm
doesn't sound
with travel select
lever in REVERSE.
Backup alarm
sounds with travel
select lever in
NEUTRAL AND
FORWARD.
1. No voltage at backup
alarm (16) Fig. 10.5);
broken wire or circuit
breaker (11) doesn't reset.
Replace wiring and circuit
breaker as required.
See para. 10.2.2
and 10.4
2. Defective reverse switch
(53, Fig. 10.5).
Replace reverse switch.
See para. 10.2.2
1. Short circuit in wiring.
Determine and repair cause of
short circuit.
See para. 10.3
2. Defective reverse switch
(53, Fig. 10.5).
Test and replace reverse
switch as required
See para. 10.7.6
Warning Devices—PARK LOCK WARNING LIGHT
Park lock warning
bulb doesn't light
when park lock
brake switch is UP
(engaged).
1. Park lock warning bulb (45,
Fig 10.5) is burned out.
Replace park lock warning
bulb.
See para. 10.7.4
2. Loose or broken wiring.
Repair or replace wiring.
See para. 10.7.4
3. Defective park lock brake
switch (46, Fig. 10.5).
Test park lock brake switch
for continuity and replace
switch if open in the engaged
position.
See para. 10.7.4
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-65
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Park lock warning
bulb lights when
park lock brake
switch is DOWN
(disengaged).
Probable Cause
Remedy
Warning Devices—PARK LOCK WARNING LIGHT (cont'd)
Reference
1. Short circuit in wiring.
Determine and repair cause of
short circuit.
See para. 10.8.4
2. Defective park lock brake
switch (46, Fig. 10.5).
Test park lock brake switch
for continuity and replace
switch if closed in the
disengaged position.
See para. 10.7.4
Warning Devices—WARNING LIGHTS
Bulbs in warning
lights gauge don't
light when test
button is pressed.
Bulbs in warning
lights gauge light
continuously
when ignition key
switch is in the
RUN position.
1. Bulbs are burned out.
Replace bulbs.
See para. 10.8.4
2. No voltage at warning
lights gauge (51, Fig.
10.5); loose or broken
wiring or circuit breaker
(12) doesn't reset.
Replace wiring and circuit
breaker as required.
See para. 10.4
3. Defective sender switches.
Test switches for continuity
under the appropriate
conditions and replace as
required.
See para. 10.8.5
thru 10.8.8
1. Defective test switch (47,
Fig. 10.5).
Check test switch for
continuity and replace switch
if closed in the released
position.
See para. 10.8.4
2. Short circuit in wiring.
Determine and repair the
cause of the short circuit.
See para. 10.8.4
3. Defective sender switches.
Test switches for continuity
under the appropriate
conditions and replace as
required.
See para. 10.8.5
thru 10.8.8
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Loss of electrical
power for some
but not all forklift
operations.
No voltage at these
operations caused by a
broken wire or switch, or a
circuit breaker which doesn't
reset to its closed position.
Replace wiring, switch and
circuit breaker as required.
See para. 10.4
Circuit breaker
continuously trips.
Check the system for shorts,
grounds or defective electrical
components.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.4
Overheating and
burnout of wiring
and forklift
electrical
components.
Circuit breaker remains
closed during an overload
condition or is illegally
bypassed with a jumper.
Important: Never jumper a
circuit breaker without
providing an equivalent
protective devise in the
jumper.
Correct the cause of the
overload and replace
damaged wiring, components
and circuit breaker
See para. 10.4
10-66
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Starting System—GENERAL
Engine will not
crank and starting
motor relay or
solenoid does not
engage.
Starter relay
closes and
solenoid engages
but engine will not
crank.
Starting motor
turns but does not
crank engine.
Engine cranks
slowly.
Engine turns over
but fails to start.
1. Battery is discharged.
Check battery and charge or
replace battery.
See para. 10.6.2
2. Ignition switch, relay or
solenoid inoperative.
Check circuitry and repair or
renew faulty components.
See para. 10.7.1
3. Starting circuit is open or
has high resistance.
Check circuit connections and
repair or renew faulty wiring.
See para. 10.5.1
and 10.5.2
1. Battery is discharged.
Check battery and charge or
renew.
See para. 10.6.2
2. Defective starting motor
connections or loose
battery connections.
Check, clean and tighten
connections.
See para. 10.5.1
and 10.6.2
3. Starting motor faulty.
Inspect, repair or renew.
See para. 10.5.3
4. Relay or solenoid contacts
are burned.
Renew relay or solenoid.
See para. 10.5.3
and 10.5.4
5. Engine is seized;
crankshaft cannot rotate.
Repair or replace engine and
transmission as required.
Section 8
1. Defective starting motor
drive assembly.
Inspect and repair or renew.
See para. 10.5.3
2. Defective solenoid or
pinion engagement levers.
Inspect and repair or renew.
See para. 10.5.3
3. Defective flywheel ring
gear.
Inspect and renew.
See para. 10.5.3
1. Discharged battery.
Check battery and charge or
renew.
See para. 10.6.2
2. Excessive resistance in
starting circuit.
Check circuit connections and
repair or renew faulty wiring.
See para. 10.5.2
3. Defective starting motor.
Inspect and repair or renew.
See para. 10.5.3
4. Excessively tight engine.
Investigate cause and repair
or replace engine.
Section 8
1. Fuel tank is empty.
Fill fuel tank.
See para. 8.4.2
2. Engine is malfunctioning.
Contact authorized engine
dealer.
See para. 8.7
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-67
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Starting System—STARTER
Starter doesn't run
or doesn't run
correctly.
1. Discharged batteries.
2. Bad connections, wires,
cables or other parts in the
starting circuit.
See corrections for problem of
discharged batteries.
See para. 10.6.2
See troubleshooting the
“Starting system—General”.
3. Using the wrong engine oil
for cold weather operation.
Refer to paragraph 8.1,
Engine Lubrication
instructions.
See para. 8.1
4. Worn teeth on the starter
drive pinion or the flywheel
ring gear.
Remove the starter to check
the teeth. Repair as
necessary.
See para. 10.5.3.h
5. Hex nuts that fasten the
starter to the flywheel
housing are loose.
Tighten the hex nuts.
See para. 10.5.3.h
6. Worn or damaged parts
inside the starter.
Refer to paragraph 10.5.3.e
DO NO LOAD TEST.
See para. 10.5.3.e
7. Damaged coils or contacts
in the starter solenoid.
Perform starter solenoid tests.
See para. 10.5.3.e
Starting System—STARTING MOTOR RELAY
No voltage at
starter solenoid
when ignition key
switch is in the
START position.
Starter relay (36, Fig 10.5) is
not energized due to broken
wiring or a defective circuit
breaker (10).
Replace wiring or circuit
breaker.
See para. 10.5.4
Starter operates
continuously
without ignition
key in the START
position.
Starter relay (36, Fig 10.5) is
“frozen” in the closed position.
Temporarily disconnect wiring
to starter relay and replace
starter relay.
See para. 10.5.4
10-68
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Starting System—THERMO START PLUG FOR COLD WEATHER STARTING
Intake manifold
remains cold after
ignition key switch
is momentarily
turned to THERMO
START position.
Intake manifold
remains
abnormally hot
during normal
engine operation.
1. Discharged batteries.
Charge batteries only if
electrolyte is not frozen; if
frozen, remove batteries from
forklift, completely thaw and
then charge.
See para. 10.6.2
2. Broken wiring or circuit
breaker (10, Fig 10.5).
Replace wiring or circuit
breaker.
See para. 10.4
3. Loose connections.
Tighten connections.
See para. 10.5.5
4. Clogged or bent fuel line to
Thermo Start plug.
Clean or replace fuel line.
See para. 10.5.5
5. Defective plug.
Replace Thermo Start plug.
See para. 10.5.5
6. Broken ignition switch.
Remove and test ignition
switch in all positions; replace
if defective.
See para. 10.7.1
Thermo Start plug is ON
continuously due to broken
ignition switch or a short
circuit in the wiring.
Remove and test ignition
switch in all positions; replace
if defective.
See para. 10.7.1
Charging System—GENERAL
Visual Check
1. Check for loose or
corroded connections.
Repair as necessary.
See para. 10.6
2. Check the condition and
adjustment of the
alternator belts.
Install a new set of drive belts
if necessary; refer to
paragraph 8.1.2 for belt
adjustment instructions.
See para. 8.1.2
and 10.6.1
3. Check the condition of the
batteries.
Refer to “Charging System—
Batteries”.
See para. 10.6.2
4. Check for voltage at the
terminals on the alternator.
Refer to paragraph 10.6.1.b
for alternator troubleshooting
procedures.
See para. 10.6.1.b
Charging System—ALTERNATOR
Noise coming
from the
alternator.
1. Damaged or worn drive
belt.
Install new drive belt.
See para. 8.1.2
and 10.6.1
2. Damaged or loose pulley
on the alternator.
Remove the pulley and check
for damage to the rotor shaft
and pulley; install new parts
as required.
See para. 8.1.2
and 10.6.1
3. Worn or damaged bearings
in the alternator.
Disassemble the alternator
and replace bearings as
required.
See para. 10.6.1
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-69
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Charging System—BATTERIES
Warning !
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wear safety glasses when working near batteries.
Keep batteries out of the reach of children.
Never wear rings, metal watch bands or other items that may ground a live circuit.
All lead-acid batteries generate hydrogen gas which is highly explosive and flammable. If ignited by a
spark or flame, the gas may explode violently causing spraying of acid, fragmentation of the battery,
and possible severe personal injuries, particularly to the eyes.
Never cause sparks to occur or smoke near batteries that are charging or have been recently
charged. Keep sparks, flame and smoking materials away. Ventilate when charging or using in
enclosed area. Always shield eyes when working near a battery.
Avoid battery acid. Batteries contain sulfuric acid. Antidote: EXTERNAL—In case of contact with acid,
flush immediately with water. INTERNAL—drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk of
magnesia, beaten egg, or vegetable oil. Call physician immediately. DO NOT give fluids that would
induce vomiting. EYES—Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt medical attention.
Never use booster batteries to start the engine or try to charge the battery if the electrolyte in the
battery is frozen.
Charge batteries only in a well-ventilated area. Always be sure battery chargers are OFF when
connecting to or disconnecting from batteries.
See Delco Remy Service Bulletin 1B115 and 1B-116 for additional safety information and procedures.
IMPORTANT: The diodes in the alternator function as one-way valves and the transistors in the voltage
regulator operate as fast switches. Both are accurate and sensitive. They do not wear out and cannot be
adjusted, but because they are sensitive to voltage changes and high temperature, the following precautions
are vital to prevent them from being destroyed:
• Disconnect the ground cable first when you disconnect the battery cables from the battery; connect
the ground cable last when you connect the battery cables to the battery.
• Always connect POSITIVE TO POSITIVE, NEGATIVE TO NEGATIVE.
• DO NOT disconnect the battery while the engine is running. This will cause a voltage surge in the
alternator charging system that will immediately ruin the diodes or transistors.
• DO NOT disconnect a lead without first stopping the engine and turning all electrical switches to the
OFF position.
• DO NOT cause a short circuit by connecting leads to incorrect terminals. Always identify a lead to its
correct terminal. A short circuit or wrong connection giving reverse polarity will immediately and
permanently ruin transistors and diodes.
• DO NOT connect a battery into the system without checking for correct polarity and voltage.
• DO NOT “flash” connections to check for current flow. No matter how brief the contact the transistors
may be ruined.
• If a battery-caused cranking complaint exists with a clear or light yellow indication, replace the
battery. In this case the charging system should be checked; refer to charging system instructions in
this manual. Excessive over-charging, broken case or tipping the battery over 45° on its side will
result in loss of electrolyte level.
Batteries test
good but don’t
perform
satisfactorily in
service.
10-70
Refer to possible causes in
paragraph 10.6.2.f.
Provide a remedy for the
cause of the trouble.
See para. 10.6.2.f
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Discharged
batteries.
Probable Cause
Remedy
Charging System—BATTERIES (cont'd)
Reference
1. Short circuit in battery cell
or cells.
Refer to paragraph 10.6.2.d
and perform battery load test.
See para. 10.6.2.d
2. Loose or dirty battery cable
connections.
Clean the clamp on the
battery cables and the battery
posts.
See para. 10.6.2.i
3. Dirty battery top.
Refer to paragraph 10.6.2.i
and clean the top of the
battery.
See para. 10.6.2.i
4. Low output or no output
from alternator.
Refer to paragraph 10.6.1 and
test alternator.
See para. 10.6.1
5. High resistance in the
positive battery cable.
Refer to paragraph 10.6.2 and
check the positive battery
cable (Test No. 3 ).
See para. 10.6.2
and 10.5.2.d
6. High resistance in the
negative battery cable.
Refer to paragraph 10.6.2 and
check the negative battery
cable (Test No. 5 ).
See para. 10.6.2
and 10.5.2.f
Switches and Solenoids—IGNITION (KEY) SWITCH
Key binds in
ignition switch
lock.
Sticky, painted or bent key.
Clean, remove paint and
straighten, remove any burrs
from surface of key and
sprinkle powdered graphite on
working surfaces of key as
described in paragraph 10.7.1
See para. 10.7.1
IMPORTANT: Use only
graphite or a liquid lock deicer
within the lock. Severe lock
malfunctions may require the
services of a locksmith.
Key cannot enter
ignition switch or
cannot be turned
inside lock.
Moisture within ignition switch
is frozen.
Warm the ignition switch
using a hair dryer or use a
liquid lock deicer to lower the
freezing point and evaporate
the moisture within the lock.
See para. 10.7.1
Ignition switch
fails to function in
one or more
positions.
1. Loose or broken wiring or
circuit breaker (10, Fig.
10.5) doesn’t reset and
remains open.
Replace wiring and circuit
breaker.
See para. 10.7.1
2. Trouble in the starting
circuit.
Refer to starting circuit
troubleshooting.
3. Trouble in the THERMO
START circuit.
Refer to Thermo Start plug
troubleshooting.
4. Defective ignition switch.
Repair or replace ignition
switch.
See para. 10.7.1
Travel select lever is in
FORWARD or REVERSE.
Move travel select lever to
NEUTRAL position.
See para. 4.2.2
Ignition switch
doesn’t crank
engine in START
position.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-71
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Switches and Solenoids—IGNITION (KEY) SWITCH (cont'd)
Ignition switch
causes starter to
crank engine but
doesn’t maintain
engine operation
in RUN position.
1. Fuel run solenoid (34, Fig.
10.5) fails to admit fuel to
fuel injection pump.
Refer to fuel run solenoid
troubleshooting.
See para. 10.7.3
2. Fuel tank is empty.
Fill fuel tank.
See para. 8.4.2
Switches and Solenoids—NEUTRAL START SWITCH
Starter fails to
crank engine with
travel select lever
in NEUTRAL, the
park lock switch
DISENGAGED and
ignition key switch
in START.
1. Check for problems in the
shift lever linkage.
Refer to shift lever linkage
adjustment instructions in
paragraph 4.2.2.
See para. 4.2.2
2. Be sure the neutral start
switch is closing.
The switch closes when a
switch actuating pin presses
against a spring-loaded ball in
the neutral start switch.
Remove switch from the
control valve assembly and
check actuator pin for free
movement in the control valve
assembly. Also check for
continuity with the pin
pressing against the ball. If
open install new switch.
See para. 10.7.2
Switches and Solenoids—FUEL RUN SOLENOID
Ignition switch
cranks engine in
START but engine
doesn’t operate in
RUN.
1. Fuel run solenoid (34, Fig.
10.5) fails to admit fuel to
fuel injection pump due to
loose connections or
broken wiring.
Tighten connections and
install new wiring as required.
See para. 10.7.3
2. Fuel tank is empty.
Fill fuel tank.
See para. 8.4.2
3. Fuel run solenoid is stuck
in the OPEN position.
Install new fuel run solenoid.
See para. 10.7.3
Switches and Solenoids—PARK LOCK SWITCH AND PARK LOCK RELEASE VALVE SOLENOID
Park lock switch
fails to disengage
park lock brake in
disengaged
position.
10-72
1. Loose connections or
broken wiring.
Tighten connections and
install new wiring as required.
See para. 10.7.4
2. Park lock switch isn’t
closed in the disengaged
position.
Repair or replace park lock
switch if it isn’t closed in the
disengaged position.
See para. 10.7.4
3. Solenoid fails to shift when
park lock switch is moved
from ENGAGED to
DISENGAGED.
If solenoid fails to shift, refer
to paragraph 10.7.5 and
repair or replace the park lock
release valve solenoid.
See para. 10.7.5
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Switches and Solenoids—PARK LOCK SWITCH & PARK LOCK RELEASE VALVE SOLENOID (cont'd)
Park lock switch
fails to engage
park lock brake in
engaged position
1. Park lock switch should be
open in the engaged
position.
Repair or replace park lock
switch if it isn’t open in the
engaged position.
See para. 10.7.4
2. Listen for the shifting of the
solenoid as an assistant
moves the park lock switch
from the disengaged to the
engaged position.
If solenoid fails to shift, refer
to paragraph 10.7.5 and
repair or replace the park lock
release valve solenoid.
See para. 10.7.5
Switches and Solenoids—REVERSE SWITCH AND BACKUP ALARM
Backup alarm
doesn’t sound
with travel select
lever in REVERSE.
Backup alarm
sounds with travel
select lever in
NEUTRAL AND
FORWARD
1. No voltage at backup
alarm (16, Fig. 10.5);
broken wire or circuit
breaker (11) doesn’t reset.
Replace wiring and circuit
breaker as required.
See para. 10.4
2. Defective reverse switch
(53, Fig. 10.5).
Replace reverse switch.
See para. 10.7.6
1. Short circuit in wiring.
Determine and repair cause of
short circuit.
See para. 10.2.2
2. Defective reverse switch
(53, Fig. 10.5).
Test and replace reverse
switch as required.
See para. 10.7.6
Switches and Solenoids—STEERING SELECT SWITCH AND SOLENOID
Steering select
switch fails to
select mode or
selects incorrect
steering mode.
1. Short circuit or broken
wire.
Eliminate short or repair or
replace wire.
See para. 10.7.7
2. Circuit breaker (12, Fig.
10.5) stuck in open
position.
Replace circuit breaker.
See para. 10.4
3. Steering select switch (48,
Fig. 10.5) is defective.
Remove steering select
switch and check for
continuity in each position and
replace switch if defective.
See para. 10.7.7
4. Steering select solenoid
(55, Fig. 10.5) is defective.
Remove steering select
solenoid and test for correct
operation.
See para. 10.7.8
Gauges and Indicator Lights—HOURMETER
Hourmeter
Doesn’t
Operate.
1. Defective wiring and
ground.
Renew wiring and correct
ground.
See para. 10.8.3
2. Incorrect voltage at meter
terminals.
Required voltage is 9 to
36 Vdc.
See para. 10.8.3
Hourmeter is
Inaccurate.
Check running indicator flag
wheel.
Replace hourmeter if
defective.
See para. 10.8.3
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-73
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Gauges and Indicator Lights—WARNING LIGHTS
Bulbs in warning
lights gauge fail to
light when test
button is pressed.
Bulbs in warning
lights gauge light
continuously
when ignition key
switch is in RUN
position.
Reference
1. Bulbs are burned out.
Replace bulbs.
See para. 10.8.4
2. No voltage at warning
lights gauge (51, Fig 10.5);
loose or broken wiring or
circuit breaker (12) doesn’t
reset.
Test switches for continuity
under the appropriate
conditions and replace as
required.
See para. 10.8.4
thru 10.8.8
3. Defective sender switches.
Replace switches.
See para. 10.8.5
thru 10.8.8
1. Defective test switch (47,
Fig. 10.5).
Check test switch for
continuity and replace switch
if closed in the released
position.
See para. 10.8.4
2. Short circuit in wiring.
Determine and repair the
cause of the short circuit.
3. Defective sender switches.
Test switches for continuity
under the appropriate
conditions and replace as
required.
See para. 10.8.5
thru 10.8.8
Gauges and Indicator Lights—ENGINE LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
Oil Pressure
Indicator does not
go out when the
engine is running.
If the oil level and oil pressure
are good and voltage is zero
at wire 16, Fig. 10.5, check for
shorts to ground.
If there are no shorts to
ground, install a new oil
pressure switch.
See para. 10.8.5
With a good oil
pressure indicator
bulb and the
ignition key in
RUN, oil pressure
indicator does not
light before
engine is started.
1. Oil pressure switch (29,
Fig. 10.5) should be
closed.
If open, replace oil pressure
switch.
See para. 10.8.5
2. There is battery voltage at
wire 16, Fig. 10.5, with the
ignition key in RUN and the
engine not running.
Install a new oil pressure
switch.
See para. 10.8.5
Gauges and Indicator Lights—LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH FOR STEERING AND
EMERGENCY HYDRAULIC PUMP
Steering and
emergency
hydraulic pump
fails to operate
when engine oil
pressure is low.
1. Oil pressure switch (31,
Fig. 10.5) should be
closed.
If open, replace oil pressure
sender/switch.
See para. 10.8.5
2. There is battery voltage at
wire 4, Fig. 10.5, with the
ignition key in RUN and the
engine not running.
Install a new oil pressure
switch.
See para. 10.8.5
Steering and
emergency
hydraulic pump
operates when
engine oil
pressure is
normal.
1. Oil pressure switch (31,
Fig. 10.5) should be open.
If closed, replace oil pressure
switch.
See para. 10.8.5
2. There is battery voltage at
wire 4 with the ignition key
in RUN and the engine not
running.
Install a new oil pressure
sender/switch.
See para. 10.8.5
10-74
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Gauges and Indicator Lights—ENGINE COOLANT HIGH TEMPERATURE SWITCH
Coolant high
temperature
indicator bulb fails
to light when the
test switch is
pressed or the
engine is
overheated.
Coolant high temperature
indicator bulb is burned out.
Replace bulb.
See para. 10.8.4
Coolant
temperature
warning bulb
lights when the
engine is running
but not
overheated.
1. Remove the terminal at the
coolant temperature switch
(15, Fig. 10.5).
If the indicator bulb goes out,
install a new coolant
temperature switch.
See para. 10.8.6
2. If the indicator remains on,
check wire 15 and the
ignition switch for a short to
ground.
If there is a short to ground,
remedy the cause of the
short.
See para. 10.8.6
Gauges and Indicator Lights—ALTERNATOR WARNING LIGHT
Alternator warning
bulb doesn’t light
when alternator
isn’t producing
voltage.
1. Alternator not producing
voltage or warning bulb is
burned out.
Replace bulb.
See para. 10.8.4
2. Battery is discharged.
Charge battery.
See para. 10.6.2
3. Circuit breaker is stuck in
open position.
Replace circuit breaker.
See para. 10.4
4. Resistor R6 in alternator is
open.
Replace resistor R6.
See para. 10.6.1.a
Gauges and Indicator Lights—TRANSMISSION HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
Transmission
high
temperature
indicator bulb
fails to light
when the test
switch is
pressed or the
engine is
overheated.
Transmission high
temperature indicator bulb is
burned out.
Replace bulb.
See para. 10.8.4
Transmission
temperature
warning bulb
lights with the
engine running
but not
overheated.
1. Remove the connector to
the transmission
temperature switch (27,
Fig. 10.5).
If the indicator bulb goes out,
install a new transmission
high temperature sender.
See para. 10.8.8
2. If the indicator remains on,
check wire 18 and the
ignition switch for a short to
ground.
If there is a short to ground,
remedy the cause of the
short.
See Fig. 10.5
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-75
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Gauges and Indicator Lights—FUEL LEVEL GAUGE
No indication.
Excessive pointer
fluctuation.
1. Empty fuel tank.
Fill fuel tank.
See para. 8.4.2
2. No current to ignition
terminal because of broken
or disconnected lead.
Connect lead.
See para. 10.8.9
3. Grounded wire between
sender and fuel level
gauge.
Insulate wire.
See para. 10.8.9
4. Fuel level gauge isn’t
grounded.
Ground receiver.
See para. 10.8.9
5. Sender defective.
Replace sender.
See para. 10.8.9
1. Loose wire connections.
Tighten connectors.
See para. 10.8.9
2. Defective sender.
Replace sender.
See para. 10.8.9
Replace wire.
See para. 10.8.9
Ground sender.
See para. 10.8.9
3. Defective sender.
Replace sender.
See para. 10.8.9
1. Incorrect sender.
Replace sender.
See para. 10.8.9
2. Defective sender.
Replace sender.
See para. 10.8.9
3. Low voltage at receiver
terminals.
Determine and correct cause
of low voltage.
See para. 10.8.9
Engine not properly grounded.
Improve engine ground.
See para. 8.3
FULL reading at all 1. Wire to sender is broken.
times.
2. Sender is not properly
grounded.
Gauge indicates
inaccurately.
Pointer fluctuates
when headlights
are turned ON.
Optional Light Circuit—DIRECTIONAL AND EMERGENCY FLASHER SWITCH
Turn signals
operative on one
side.
Turn signals
inoperative.
10-76
1. Bulb(s) burned out (flasher
cannot be heard).
One or more bulbs are
inoperative with hazard
warning system ON.
Replace bulbs.
See para. 10.9.1
2. Open wiring or ground
connector.
One or more bulbs are
inoperative with hazard
warning system ON. Use
test light and check circuit
at bulb socket.
If test bulb lights, repair open
ground connection; if not,
repair open wiring between
bulb socket and turn signal
switch.
See para. 10.9.1
3. Short to ground (flasher
can be heard but no bulbs
operate).
Locate and repair short to
ground by disconnecting front
and rear circuits separately.
See para. 10.9.1
Defective flasher (located
below instrument panel near
brake pedal).
Replace flasher.
See para. 10.9.1
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Optional Light Circuit—MOMENTARY BRAKE LIGHT (STOP LIGHT) AND SWITCH
Stop and tail light
bulbs fail to light
when brake pedal
is pressed.
1. Stop and tail light bulb(s)
(23, Fig. 10.53) are burned
out.
Replace stop and tail light
bulb(s).
See para. 10.9.2
2. Momentary brake switch
(9) is open when brake
pedal is pressed.
Replace momentary brake
switch.
See para. 10.9.2
Momentary brake
bulbs remain ON
when brake pedal
is released.
1. Momentary brake switch
(9) is closed when brake
pedal is released.
Replace momentary brake
switch.
See para. 10.9.3
2. Short in wiring.
Remedy cause of short.
See para. 10.9.3
Optional Light Circuit—HEADLIGHT AND REAR WORK LIGHT SWITCH
One headlight or
rear work light is
inoperative or
intermittent.
1. Loose connection.
Secure connections to
headlight including ground
wire (black wire).
See para. 10.9.4
2. Defective sealed beam
unit.
Replace sealed beam unit.
See para. 10.9.4
One or more
headlights are
dim.
1. Open ground connection at
headlight.
Repair black wire connection
between sealed beam and
body ground.
See para. 10.9.4
2. Black wire mislocated in
headlight connector (three
wire, hi-lo connector only).
Relocate black wire in
connector.
See para. 10.9.4
Charge circuit problem.
Refer to charge circuit
troubleshooting.
See para. 10.6
One or more
headlights have a
short life.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-77
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Optional Light Circuit—HEADLIGHT AND REAR WORK LIGHT SWITCH (cont'd)
All lights are
inoperative or
intermittent.
See para. 10.4
1. Tripped circuit breaker.
Determine cause of overload
and reset circuit breaker.
2. Loose connection.
Check and secure
connections at light switch.
3. Open wiring from light
switch to battery.
Check red wire terminal at
light switch with test light; if
bulb doesn’t light, repair open
wire circuit to battery.
See para. 10.9.4
4. Short to ground in circuit
between light switch and
lights.
If after a few minutes
operation, lights flicker ON
and OFF and a thumping
noise can be heard from the
circuit breaker, repair short to
ground between light switch
and headlights. After repairing
short, check for flickering
lights after one minute of
operation. If flickering occurs,
replace damaged circuit
breaker.
See para. 10.4
and 10.9.4
5. Defective light switch.
Check red and yellow wire
terminals at light switch with
test light. If bulb lights at red
wire terminal but not at yellow
terminal, replace light switch.
See para. 10.9.4
Windshield Washer/Wiper for Enclosed Cab—GENERAL
Windshield wiper
Inoperative.
10-78
1. Turn ignition switch to RUN
and wiper switch clockwise
to HIGH SPEED. Ground a
12 Vdc test lamp and touch
probe to wiper or switch
terminal H.
If lamp lights, continue with
step 2; if lamp doesn’t light,
continue with step 3.
See para. 10.10.1
2. If lamp lights, turn wiper
switch to LOW, leave
wiring connected to wiper
motor, and connect jumper
wire from motor to ground.
If wiper runs, repair open in
ground strap; if wiper doesn’t
run, problem is in motor (refer
to paragraph 10.10.3).
See para. 10.10.1
and 10.10.3
3. If lamp doesn’t light, circuit
breaker (12, Fig. 10.5) may
be stuck in the open
position, it may be
oscillating between open
and closed due to a short
in the circuit, or it may be
in its normally closed
condition.
If open, replace circuit
breaker. If oscillating, check
for high amperage draw due
to a short in wiring or motor. If
circuit breaker is closed,
repair open in line 32 between
circuit breaker and wiper
motor or repair or replace
wiper motor (33, Fig. 10.62).
See para. 10.4
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Windshield Washer/Wiper for Enclosed Cab—GENERAL (cont'd)
Windshield wiper
has low speed
only and is
inoperative in high
speed.
Windshield wiper
has high speed
only and is
inoperative in low
speed.
Wiper has one
speed which is the
same in both low
and high.
1. Remove connector from
terminal H of wiper motor
and connect a 12 Vdc
source to this terminal.
If the wiper runs in high,
proceed to step 2; if the wiper
is inoperative, proceed to
step 3.
See para. 10.10.3
2. If wiper runs in high, check
for open in red wire from
switch to motor.
Repair or replace as required;
if red wire provided continuity,
replace wiper switch.
See para. 10.10.1
3. If wiper is inoperative, look
for a hung or grounded
high speed brush in the
wiper motor.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.10.3
1. Remove connector from
terminal L of wiper motor
and connect a 12 Vdc
source to this terminal.
If the wiper runs in low,
proceed to step 2. If the wiper
is inoperative, proceed to
step 3.
See para. 10.10.3
2. If wiper runs in low, check
for open in black wire from
switch to motor.
Repair or replace as required;
if black wire provided
continuity, replace wiper
switch.
See para. 10.10.1
3. If wiper is inoperative, look
for a hung or grounded low
speed brush in the wiper
motor.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.10.3
1. Remove connectors from
terminals H and L of wiper
motor and connect a 12
Vdc source first to one
terminal and then the other
terminal.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.10.3
2. If wiper runs in high and
low, check for an open in
wires from wiper terminals
H and L to the wiper
switch.
If the wiper runs in high and
low proceed to step 2; if wiper
runs at one speed proceed to
step 3.
See para. 10.10.3
3. If wiper runs at one speed,
check for low and high
speed brush leads shorting
together internally.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.10.3
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-79
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Windshield Washer/Wiper for Enclosed Cab—GENERAL (cont'd)
Wiper shuts off
but blades do not
return to park
position.
1. Remove connector from
terminal P of wiper motor
and connect a jumper from
terminal L to P and a 12
Vdc source to terminal P.
If wiper is inoperative or
doesn’t park proceed to step
2; if wiper runs and parks
proceed to step 3.
See para. 10.10.3
2. If wiper is inoperative or
doesn’t park, check park
switch actuator and brush
holder assembly in wiper
motor.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.10.3
3. If wiper runs and parks,
use a test lamp to check
for current flow between
terminals P and L.
If lamp doesn’t light, proceed
to step 4; if lamp lights,
proceed to step 5.
See para. 10.10.3
4. If lamp doesn’t light, check
for open in green wire from
wiper switch to wiper
motor.
Repair or replace green wire
as required; if green wire
provided continuity, replace
wiper switch.
See para. 10.10.1
5. If lamp lights, check for
open in wire 32 to circuit
breaker (12, Fig. 10.5).
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.3
Wiper will not shut
off.
Remove connectors from
wiper terminals P and L.
Connect a jumper from
terminal P to L and a 12 Vdc
source to terminal P.
If the wiper parks, replace the
wiper switch; if the wiper still
runs, repair wiper motor by
checking the park switch
actuator and the brush holder
assembly.
See para. 10.10.3
Wiper runs but
blades do not
move.
1. Check wiper linkage
connection to wiper crank
arm.
If the linkage is connected,
refer to step 2; if linkage is
disconnected, refer to step 3.
See para. 10.10.3
2. Wiper linkage is connected
but wiper gear is stripped.
Repair wiper motor.
See para. 10.10.3
3. Linkage is disconnected.
Connect linkage and check
system.
See para. 10.10.3
10-80
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Windshield Washer/Wiper for Enclosed Cab—GENERAL (cont'd)
Wiper motor parks
but above the
normal position.
Windshield
washer pump runs
but doesn’t spray
fluid on
windshield.
Windshield
washer pump
doesn’t run.
Reference
1. With the ignition switch in
RUN and the wiper switch
in PARK, remove
connector from wiper
motor terminal P. Use a
test lamp to check for an
OPEN between terminal P
to ground.
If the lamp lights, proceed to
step 2; if the lamp doesn’t
light, proceed to step 3.
See para. 10.10.3
2. If the lamp lights repair
open in motor or replace
holder assembly.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.10.3
3. If the lamp doesn’t light,
check arm and blade
location and transmission
linkage.
Repair or replace as required.
See para. 10.10.3
1. Reservoir is empty.
Fill reservoir.
See para. 10.10.2
2. Washer fluid is frozen.
Use windshield washer fluid
with a low freeze point for low
temperature operations.
See para. 10.10.2
3. Washer nozzle or hoses
are clogged.
Clean or replace nozzle and
hoses.
See para. 10.10.2
4. Broken, kinked, or
disconnected hoses.
Repair, replace, or connect
hoses.
See para. 10.10.2
1. Broken washer/wiper
switch.
Test switch for continuity in
the washer, depressed
position; if switch is open,
replace switch.
See para. 10.10.1
2. Wire 33 between switch
and washer pump motor is
broken.
Repair or replace wire.
See para. 10.3
3. Broken washer pump
motor.
Replace washer reservoir
assembly.
See para. 10.10.2
Air Circulation Fan Switch and Fan Motor for Enclosed Cab—GENERAL
Air Circulation Fan
Doesn’t Run.
1. Wire 30 from circuit
breaker (12) is broken.
Repair or replace wire.
See para. 10.11
2. Fan switch or motor is
broken.
Replace air circulation fan
assembly.
See para. 10.11
Cab Heater for Enclosed Cab—GENERAL
Heater doesn’t
produce heat with
coolant at
operating
temperature and
heater fan
running.
1. Coolant shut off valve in
the OFF position.
Turn shut off valve to the ON
position.
See item 13, Fig.
10.67
2. Heater hoses clogged,
kinked or crushed.
Repair or replace heater
hoses.
See para. 10.12.2
3. Dirty heater core.
Disassemble heater and clean See para. 10.12.1
heater core as described in
and 10.12.2
paragraph 10.12.1 & 10.12.2.
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-81
Section 10. Electrical System
Trouble
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Cab Heater for Enclosed Cab—CAB HEATER SWITCH
Blower fan motor
doesn’t run.
1. Check circuit breaker.
Replace circuit breaker if
open.
See para. 10.4
2. Check continuity through
blower switch in high and
low positions.
Replace switch if defective.
See para. 10.12.1
3. Check motor and fan for
mechanical binding.
Realign motor and fan as
required to relieve binding.
See para. 10.12.2
4. Open heater ground at
mechanical support.
Check ground at mechanical
support for presence of toothtype washer.
See para. 10.12.2
Cab Heater for Enclosed Cab—HEATER FAN MOTOR AND COIL
Blower fan motor
doesn’t run.
1. Check circuit breaker.
Replace circuit breaker if
open.
See para. 10.4
2. Check motor and fan for
mechanical binding.
Realign motor and fan as
required to relieve binding.
See para. 10.12.2
3. Check continuity through
blower switch in high and
low positions.
Replace switch if defective.
See para. 10.12.1
4. Open heater ground at
mechanical support.
Check ground at mechanical
support for presence of toothtype washer.
See para. 10.12.2
and item 3, Fig.
10.67
Hydraulic Pump for Emergency Braking and Steering—GENERAL
Hydraulic pump
fails to operate
when engine oil
pressure is low.
Hydraulic pump
operates when
engine oil
pressure is
normal.
10-82
1. Low oil pressure switch is
defective.
Refer to troubleshooting
instructions for oil pressure
switch.
See para. 10.13.1
2. Circuit breaker is stuck in
open position.
Replace circuit breaker.
See para. 10.4
3. Defective hydraulic pump
motor.
Repair or replace hydraulic
pump motor.
See para. 10.13.2
or 10.13.3
4. Hydraulic pump is
defective or “frozen”.
Repair or replace hydraulic
pump.
See para. 10.13.2
or 10.13.3
1. Low oil pressure switch is
defective.
Refer to troubleshooting
instructions for oil pressure
switch.
See para. 10.13.1
2. Short circuit in wiring.
Remedy cause of short circuit.
See para. 10.3
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
Section 10. Electrical System
10.15 SPECIFICATIONS
RATING .................................................................................................... 12 Vdc Negative Ground
NUMBER AND TYPE OF BATTERIES ..........................2 in parallel, Maintenance Free Lead Acid
CIRCUIT BREAKER RATINGS
Steering Select Valve ................................................................................................................. 6 A
Horn and Backup Alarm (Optional - Heater Fan)...................................................................... 10 A
Instrument Panel, Park Lock Switch ........................................................................................... 6 A
Ignition Switch Feed for entire Electrical System...................................................................... 40 A
(Optional - Enclosed Cab) .......................................................................................................... 6 A
(Optional - Lighting Package) ................................................................................................... 15 A
BULB QUANTITIES AND BULB NUMBERS FOR FORKLIFT:
Park Lock Brake Indicator Bulb .............................................................................................. 1 (68)
Warning Light Gauge Bulbs ........................................................................................... 4 (GE 161)
BULB QUANTITY AND BULB NUMBERS FOR OPTIONAL LIGHTING SYSTEM
Headlight and Backup Light Bulbs ...................................................................................... 3 (4411)
Turn Signal Switch Bulb ......................................................................................................... 1 (53)
Turn Signal Bulbs ............................................................................................................. 2 (S1156)
Stop/Tail Bulbs ................................................................................................................... 2 (1157)
Fuel Level Indicator Bulb .................................................................................. 1 (GE 1893 or 53X)
Model 6036 S/N 9B0499 and Before
10-83
Corporate Office
JLG Industries, Inc.
1 JLG Drive
McConnellsburg PA. 17233-9533
USA
Phone: (717) 485-5161
Customer Support Toll Free: (877) 554-5438
Fax: (717) 485-6417
JLG Worldwide Locations
JLG Industries (Australia)
P.O. Box 5119
11 Bolwarra Road
Port Macquarie
N.S.W. 2444
Australia
Phone: (61) 2 65 811111
Fax: (61) 2 65 810122
JLG Industries (UK)
Unit 12, Southside
Bredbury Park Industrial Estate
Bredbury
Stockport
SK6 2sP
England
Phone: (44) 870 200 7700
Fax: (44) 870 200 7711
JLG Deutschland GmbH
Max Planck Strasse 21
D-27721 Ritterhude/lhlpohl
Bei Bremen
Germany
Phone: (49) 421 693 500
Fax: (49) 421 693 5035
JLG Industries (Italia)
Via Po. 22
20010 Pregnana Milanese - MI
Italy
Phone: (39) 02 9359 5210
Fax: (39) 02 9359 5845
JLG Latino Americana Ltda.
Rua Eng. Carlos Stevenson,
80-Suite 71
13092-310 Campinas-SP
Brazil
Phone: (55) 19 3295 0407
Fax: (55) 19 3295 1025
JLG Europe B.V.
Jupiterstraat 234
2132 HJ Foofddorp
The Netherlands
Phone: (31) 23 565 5665
Fax: (31) 23 557 2493
JLG Industries (Norge AS)
Sofeimyrveien 12
N-1412 Sofienyr
Norway
Phone: (47) 6682 2000
Fax: (47) 6682 2001
JLG Polska
UI. Krolewska
00-060 Warsawa
Poland
Phone: (48) 91 4320 245
Fax: (48) 91 4358 200
JLG Industries (Europe)
Kilmartin Place,
Tannochside Park
Uddingston G71 5PH
Scotland
Phone: (44) 1 698 811005
Fax: (44) 1 698 811055
JLG Industries (Pty) Ltd.
Unit 1, 24 Industrial Complex
Herman Street
Meadowdale
Germiston
South Africa
Phone: (27) 11 453 1334
Fax: (27) 11 453 1342
Plataformas Elevadoras
JLG Iberica, S.L.
Trapadella, 2
P.I. Castellbisbal Sur
08755Castellbisbal
Spain
Phone: (34) 93 77 24700
Fax: (34) 93 77 11762
JLG Industries (Sweden)
Enkopingsvagen 150
Box 704
SE - 175 27 Jarfalla
Sweden
Phone: (46) 8 506 59500
Fax: (46) 8 506 59534
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