HP 8970 Series Noise Figure Measurement Products

HP 8970 Series Noise Figure Measurement Products
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product overview
HP
8970 Series
Noise Figure Measurement Products
Accurate and Complete Noise Figure Measurement Solutions
Whether measuring at RF or microwave frequencies, Hewlett Packard
offers you complete noise figure measurement capability in an accurate and
convenient way.
The HP 8970B Brings Ease And Confidence To Noise Figure Measurements
With the HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter, noise figure measurements from 10 to
1600 MHz (2047 MHz optional) are easy, accurate, and repeatable. You save
precious time, money, and resources, since the measurements are done quickly,
accurately, and with less chance of mistakes.
Measurements are easy because the HP 8970B does all the work:
• Tunes its input frequency between 10 and 1600 MHz
• Controls an external LO for receiver or microwave measurements
• Controls the noise source to turn it “ON” or “OFF”
• Makes the noise power measurements
• Calculates the noise figure
• Removes the effects of the measurement system’s noise
• Compensates for losses before or after the DUT
• Displays the results in either noise figure, effective noise temperature (Te),
or Y factor
In addition, the wide dynamic range of the HP 8970B allows simultaneous gain
measurements up to 40 dB or loss measurements to 20 dB, with no external
attenuation or amplification.
The low instrumentation uncertainty (±0.1 dB) and measurement stability of
the HP 8970B give you confidence in your noise figure results. Automatic
second-stage correction makes accurate noise figure readings possible even for
low gain devices.
Direct Noise Figure Measurements to 2047 MHz With Option 020
Extend the HP 8970B operating frequency from 1600 MHz to 2047 MHz with
option 020. Now measure test devices to 2047 MHz directly, with no external
downconversion. For mixers or receivers with IFs less than 2047 MHz, such as
those used in Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) applications, the HP 8970B and a
suitable noise source are all you need to make measurements.
2
HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter 10 to 1600 MHz
3
Proven capability with enhanced speed and convenience
Save up to 4 noise source
ENR tables
28 volt solid-state noise
source drive for 6 to 9
measurements per second
Select a fixed frequency increment
to a frequency of
interest, or make
swept measurements
accross a band
Pullout cards show
measurement setups
and convenient
SPECIAL FUNCTIONs.
Pullout cards remain
accessible when rack
mounted.
INCREASE or DECREASE
the number of data
averages for speed/jitter
tradeoffs.
Display noise figure and
gain with system noise
automatically removed
(read digitally or display
on scope or plotter).
Easy scaling of
oscilloscope or
plotter output.
STORE up to 9 panel
settings to be
RECALLed in an
arbitrary SEQuence.
HP 8970B Rear Panel
28 volt noise source drive
(in parallel with front panel).
20 MHz IF output
Output for swept
oscilloscope display
GPIB for systems operation
System Interface Bus
(SIB) for control of
HP 8971C, LO and plotter
Microwave Measurements as Accurate and Easy as RF
Extend the HP 8970B To Microwave Frequencies
Many components and receivers require noise figure measurement at
frequencies greater than 1600 MHz. If you already own an HP 8970B Noise
Figure Meter, you don’t need to worry about building a custom down-converter
to measure noise figure at microwave frequencies. The HP 8971C combines,
in one easy-to-use package, all of the components neccessary for microwave
downconversion to the HP 8970B’s frequency range (10 to 1600 MHz). Accurate
broad band measurements from 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz are possible with a single
calibration and sweep. Custom solutions are available to 110 GHz.
Careful design with high performance components, including a stable YIG
filter and a built-in low noise preamp, allow accurate single-sideband
measurements.
• The YIG filter removes the image response and harmonic mixing components
for more accurate single-sideband downconversion, eliminating many potential
sources of errors.
• The built-in low noise preamp improves measurment accuracy and stability
by lowering the noise figure of the test system, minimizing the second stage
correction.
Be assured of repeatable, accurate, and maintainable microwave noise figure
measurements with the HP 8971C Noise Figure Test Set.
Configure The HP 8971C To Suit Your Application Needs And Budget
The HP 8971C can be tailored to fit your application and budget with the
following options:
Option 001 adds an internal LO power amp, reducing the LO input power
requirment of the HP 8971C from +7 dBm to +1 dBm. This option is usually
required for measurements above 20 GHz, where source power becomes limited
or in system applications, where there is considerable loss between the LO
source and the 8971C LO input.
Option 002 deletes the built-in low noise RF preamp. This option is best
suited for measurements of high gain devices or for measurements with a
user-supplied low noise RF preamp.
4
5
Let HP Design Your Microwave Noise Figure Measurement System
Design cycles are shrinking and you don’t need the added worry of designing
and supporting a microwave noise figure measurement system. With the
HP 8970S/V Microwave Noise Figure Measurement Systems, HP takes care
of the design details. You can spend your time designing and building products,
not test systems. Combine the HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter, HP 8971C Noise
Figure Test Set, and a recommended local oscillator and you have the powerful
HP 8970S Microwave Noise Figure Measurement System. The HP 8970B
automatically controls both the HP 8971C and local oscillator, making the
microwave system as easy to use as the HP 8970B by itself. The HP 8970S gives
you all the capabilities of the HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter in a system specified
from 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz. Custom block downconvertors are available to extend
the operating frequency to 110 GHz.
Configure A System For Your Application And Budget
The HP 8970S model number lets you configure a microwave noise figure
system to fit your application and budget, while still ensuring the instruments are
compatible and the shipment is coordinated. A complete HP 8970S Noise Figure
Measurement System consists of an HP 8970B, an HP 8971C (with desired
options), and an LO from the list of recommended sources on page 17.
Frequency operation depends on the LO selected, but the HP 8970S can be
configured to measure 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz. The HP 8971C with Option 001 is
recommended for operation above 20 GHz.
The Most Economical System to 20GHz
For your ordering convenience, the HP 8970V is a pre-configured HP 8970S
system. Consisting of the HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter, the HP 8971C Noise
Figure Test Set, and the HP 83711B Synthesized CW Generator, the HP 8970V
gives you accurate, convenient, and economical 10 MHz to 20 GHz measurements.
HP 8970S/V Noise Figure Measurement System 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
The accuracy and convenience of RF Measurements at microwave
frequencies.
Complete system control
from HP 8970B front panel.
A single test port for 0.01 to
20 GHz calabration and
measurement.
1 to 20 GHz synthesized signal
generator for accuracy and
ecomomy.*
*The system pictured is the HP 8970V which
operates to 20 GHz. With the HP 8970S system,
you may choose any combination of HP 8971C
options and any of the recommended local
oscillators listed under ordering information.
Frequency operation depends on the LO selected.
(Note: For calibration and measurement
repeatability in the HP 8970S/V system,
the local oscillator must be synthesized.)
6
Important Advantages for Component and System Testing
Amplifiers
• Simultaneous noise figure and gain measurement
• Automatic correction for measurement system noise
• Real time, swept, corrected oscilloscope output for easy tuning
• Single-test-port calibration and measurement from 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
(with HP 8970S system)
• Permanent hard-copy plot of noise figure and gain vs. frequency with a
digital plotter
Transistors
• Single-sideband allows accurate measurements with tuners
• Easy to compensate for tuner insertion loss
• Real time correction for 2nd stage effects
Receivers
• Tunable IF ranges from 10 to 1600 MHz (2047 MHz optional) with the
HP 8970B and 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz with the HP 8970S
• External LO control
• Displays noise temperature for ultra-low-noise receivers
Mixers
• Simultaneous noise figure and conversion loss for design tradeoffs
• Noise figure vs. IF or LO frequency
• Noise figure as a function of LO power
7
Additional Capabilities
8
System Interface Bus
The addition of a System Interface Bus (SIB) makes computer control of the
HP 8970S/V Noise Figure Measurement System as easy as controlling a single
instrument. The HP 8970B uses the SIB to control instruments in the noise figure
system, allowing a computer to maintain system control over GPIB while the noise
figure system makes measurements. This greatly simplifies programming
by taking full advantage of the controlling capabilities of the HP 8970B.
Millimeter-wave Measurements
Millimeter-wave receiver measuremets require two noise sources, for calabration
(at the IF), and one for the actual measurements (at the RF). The HP 8970B can
store up to four noise sourse ENR tables. This means you can calibrate and
measure noise figure at several millimeter bands without re-entering ENR data.
The meter displays measurement frequencies up to 99.999 GHz.
The HP 8970B also has a double down-conversion modes that use the HP 8971C
as the second down-converter. These modes are helpful for measuring receivers
and mixers with IFs greater than 1600 MHz or amplifiers and transistors above
26.5 GHz. With the HP 8970S/V Noise Figure Measurement System, millimeter
single-sideband measurements can be made across almost a 52 GHz band
(twice the HP 8970S/V’s frequeny coverage) with a single filter.
Plotter Dump Capability
A noise figure and gain versus frequency display can be outputed to a digital
plotter over the HP 8790B’s System Interface Bus. What you see on the X vs. Y
oscilloscope display is dumped to the plotter, complete with axis labeling and title.
Example of HP 8970B plot output.
HP 8970B in an automated system.
Specifications
9
Specifications describe the instrument’s warranted performance. Supplemental
characteristics are intended to provide information useful in applying the
instrument by giving typical, but not warranted, parformance parameters.
HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter Specifications
Noise Figure Measurement
Measurement range: 0 to 30 dB
Instrumentation uncertainty: ±0.1 dB
(for a 14 to 16 dB ENR noise source in a 0 to 550C environment).
Resolution: 0.01 dB (0.001 dB over GPIB).
Gain measurement range:
Measurement range: -20 to >+40 dB
(for DUT and system noise figures totalling 30 dB or less).
Instrumentation uncertainty: ±0.15 dB.
Resolution:
Gain >-9.99 dB: 0.01 dB
Gain <-9.99 dB: 0.1 dB
(over GPIB: add 1 more digit to above)
Input Specifications
Frequency range: tunable from 10 to 1600 MHz
(10 to 2047 MHz with option 020).
Tuning accuracy (for 10 to 400C):
±(1 MHz + 1% of frequency); 6 MHz maximum.
Frequency resolution: 1 MHz
Noise figure (for input power levels below -60 dBm):
<7 dB + 0.003 dB/MHz (<7 dB +0.002 dB/MHz with option 020).
Input SWR, 50 ohm reference impendence:
<1.7 10 MHz to 1600 MHz; (<1.8 with option 020).
<2.0 1600 MHz to 2047 MHz - (option 020 only)
Maximum operating input power: -10 dBm.
Maximum net external gain: >65 dB between noise source and HP 8970B
RF input.
10
Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMI: Conducted and radiated interference is in compliance with MIL-STD-461B
CE03, RE02, EN55011, CLASS A (1991) AND CISPR, Class A (1990).
Conducted and radiated susceptibility: meets the requirements of MIL-STD461B-1980, CS01/CS02, RS03 and EN50082-1 (1991) (IEC 801-2, 801-3 and 801-4).
General
448
(17.63)
439
(17.13)
423
(16.63)
Noise source drive:
28.0 ±0.1 V for noise source ON (up to 60 mA peak); <lV for noise source OFF.
GPIB capability:
SH1, AH1, T5, TE0, L4, LE0, SR1, RL1, PP0, DC1, DT1, C0, E1.
Operating temperature: 0 to 550C.
Storage temperature: –55 to 750C .
425
(16.75)
Connectors: RF input: N(f), noise source drive: BNC(f).
29
(1.13)
Power: 100, 120, 220, or 240V (±5%, -10%); 48-66 Hz; 150 VA maximum.
Net weight: 15.5 kg (34 Ib).
143 134
(5.68) (5.25)
Shipping weight: 18.5 kg (40 lb).
38
(1.50)
Dimensions: 143H x 425W x 467 mm (5.68 x 16.75 x 18.38 in.)
442
(17.38)
Nominal module: 5.25H x lMW x 14D
467
(18.38)
Dimensions: HP 8970B mm (in.)
Supplemental Characteristics
Bandwidth: approximately 4 MHz
Sensitivity: -100 dBm
(no external gain required; able to measure its own noise figure).
Measurement speed: 6 to 9 measurements per second
with minimum smoothing.
Sweep speed at minimum smoothing (10 to 1600 Mhz):
140 ms per frequency point.
Jitter at minimum smoothing: Peak-to-peak Y- factor variation
<0.15 dB (typical).
Jitter with increased smoothing: Peak-to-peak* Y-factor variation <0.02 dB
(for smoothing factor of 64) (typical).
Note: Noise figure jitter is equivalent to Y factor jitter to within 10% for
ENR >14 dB and F <4 dB. At minimum smoothing, jitter can limit accuracy;
at high smoothing, it does not.
Maximum safe input level: ±20 Vdc; +20 dBm peak (or average) at RF.
Audible noise level: <5.5 bels at 1 meter.
* Peak-to-peak defined here as five standard deviations about the mean of a statistically valid set of readings.
This includes 99% of the readings for a normal distribution.
11
Functional Properties
Noise Figure display units:
Noise Figure: dB, ratio
Uncorrected Y factor: dB, ratio
Effective Input Noise Temperature: K
Displayed measurement frequency range: 10 to 99,999 MHz
Noise figure display jitter: <0.01 dB (with appropiate smothing)
System LO control: frequency control over SIB with format “ccdddddcc”
where the c’s are user-setable ASCII characters and “ddddd” is the LO
frequency in MHz. An auxiliary, user-settable message of 20 ASCII
characters may also be sent over SIB.
Cold noise source data range: 0 to 9999K
Hot noise source data range:
ENR from -7 to +50 dB; spot Thot from 0 to >2.9x107 K.
Number of calibration points in one sweep: 181.
Storage capacity of hot noise source tables: 4 stored ENR tables
with 35 frequency’s each (plus 1 working ENR table).
Smoothing: exponential averaging of gain and noise figure before display
according to D = P (F–1) + M/F where D is the display result, P is the
previous display result, M is the latest measurement, F is the averaging factor
(1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 or 512). Arithmetic averaging is used during
swept operation.
Rear-panel outputs: X axis and Y axis from 0 to 6V. Z axis is TTL for penlift
(on an X-Y plotter) blanking (on an oscilloscope).
Plotter capability: noise figure and gain versus frequency plot with grid,
title and noise figure, gain, and frequency axis annotation.
Compatable digital plotters:
HP 7470A, HP 7475A. HP 7550A, HP 7440A, HP 9872B.
12
HP 8971C Noise Figure Test Set Specifications
Specifications given are for single sideband operations using one of the
recommended local oscillators.
Input Specifications
Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz.
Noise Figure (Max.):
Std & Opt 001
10-30 MHz: 18 dB
30-100 MHz: 13 dB
0.1-12 GHz: 10 dB
12-18 GHz: 11.5 dB
18-26.5 GHz: 14.5 dB
Input SWR:
STD & Opt 001
10MHz-18 GHz: 2.25
18-26.5 GHz 2.7
Opt 002
10-1600 MHz: 5.4 dB
1.6-2.54 GHz: 28 dB
2.4-15 GHz: 26 dB
15-18 GHz: 28 dB
18-22 GHz: 28 dB typical
22-26.5 GHz: 32 dB typical
Opt 002
10-1600 MHz: 1.5
1.6-18 GHz: 2
18-26.5 GHz: 3
Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMI: Conducted and radiated interference is in compliance with FTZ 526/527
1979 CISPR publication 11, tested to the limits of MIL-T-28800D.
General
Remote Programming: All functions are GPIB programmable except the
LINE switch.
Accessories Supplied:
1 LO-to-HP 8971C cable, SMA (f) connectors, 300 mm
1 HP 8971C-to-HP 8970B cable, N (m) connectors, 190mm
1 N(m)-to-SMA (m) adaptor
2 GPIB cables, 0.5 m
Operating Temperature: 0 to 550C
Storage Temperature: -400 to 750C
13
448
(17.63)
423
(16.63)
Connectors:
LO input: APC-3.5 (m)
RF input: APC-3.5 (m)
IF output (to HP 8970B): N(f)
Power: 100, 120, 220, or 240V (+10%, -10%); 47-66 Hz;
Net Weight: 9.5 kg (21 lb)
213
(8.38)
Shipping Weight: 11.8 kg (26 lb)
425
(16.75)
Dimensions: 93H x 425W x 473 mm (3.68 x 16.75 x 18.63 in.)
29
156 (1.13)
(6.13)
Normal Module: 3.5H x 1MW x 14D.
Supplemental Characteristics
89
93
(3.68) (3.5)
58
(2.25)
448
(17.38)
473
(18.63)
Dimensions: HP 8971C mm (in.)
Gain (typical):
Std & Opt 001
10-1600 MHz: 23 dB
1.6-2.4 GHz: 24 dB
2.4-26.5 GHz: 27 dB
Opt 002
10-1600 MHz: -3 dB
1.6-2.4 GHz: 4dB
2.4-26.5 GHz: 0 dB
Maximum Operating RF Noise Input Power:
Std & Opt 001
Opt 002
10-1600 MHz: -29 dBm
-20 dBm
1.6-26.5 GHz: -26 dBm
Image and Odd Harmonic Rejection: 20 dB
Maximum Safe RF Input Power:
Std & Opt 001: -5 dBm
Opt 002: +20 dBm
LO Input Power:
Minimum:
Std & Opt 002: +7 dBm
Opt 001: +1 dBm
Maximum:
Std & Opt 002: +20 dBm
Opt 001: +7dBm
Double Sideband (DSB) Noise Figure
(2.4-26.5 GHz):
Std & Opt 001: Same as single sideband (SSB).
Opt 002: 21 dB
DSB Gain:
Std & Opt 001: 28 dB
Opt 002: 4 dB
Audible Noise Level: less than 5.5 bels at 1 meter.
14
HP 8970S/V Noise Figure Measurement System Specifications
Specifications are the same as the HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter with the
following exceptions
Noise Measurement
Noise Figure Measurement Range: 0 to 30 dB
Noise Figure Instrumentation Uncertainty: (for a 14 to 16 dB ENR noise
source in a 10 to 400C environment and for device under test noise figure plus
gain greater than 10 dB). (For HP 8971C with option 002, assumes the use of a
preamplifier with <10 dB noise figure and >20 dB gain).
10 MHz to 18 GHz: ±0.2 dB
Plus typical drift of ±0.015 dB / 0C
18 to 26.5 GHz:±0.4 dB
Plus typical drift of ±0.08 dB / 0C
Gain Measurment
Gain Instrumentation Uncertainty: less than ±0.28 dB Plus typical drift of
±0.05 dB / 0C 10 MHz to 18 GHz, ±0.07 dB / 0C 18 to 26.5 GHz.
Input Specifications
Frequency Range:
HP 8970S: Tunable from 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
(upper frequency will be limited by the LO upper frequency)
HP 8970V: Tunable from 10 MHz to 20 GHz.
Noise Figure (max.): same as HP 8971C
Input SWR: same as HP 8971C
Maximum Operating RF Noise Input Power:
10-1600 MHz: -29 dBm
1.6-26.5 GHz: -26 dBm
Maximum Safe RF Input Power: -5 dBm
Maximum Net External Gain: greater than 35 dB
15
General
Power requirements, net weight, shipping weight, dimensions: Sum of individual
instruments.
Supplemental Characteristics
Sensitivity: -100 dBm (no external gain required; able to measure
it’s own noise figure with HP 346A/B/C).
Double Sideband (DSB) Noise Figure (2.4-26.5 GHz): same as HP 8971C.
Measurement Speed: 6 to 9 measurements per second with minimum smothing.
Sweep Speed at Minimum Smothing: (given for each HP 8971C frequency
band with corrected readings).
SSB1 (10 to1600 MHz): 140 ms per frequency point
SSB2 (1.6 to 2.4 GHz): 150 ms per frequency point
SSB3 (2.4 to 26.5 GHz): 435 ms frequency point
DSB (2.4 to 26.5 GHz): 150 ms per frequency point
Ordering Information
16
HP 8970B Noise Figure Meter
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
020:
700:
907:
908:
909:
914:
915:
916:
Extends upper frequency from 1600 to 2047 MHz
External MATE translator
Front panel handle kit
Rack mounting flange kit
Front panel handle kit plus rack mounting flange kit
Delete operating manual
Service manual
Extra operating manual
HP 8971C Noise Figure Test Set
All RF and GPIB cables needed to connect the HP 8971C to the HP 8970B
and a Synthesized Source are included with the HP 8971C.
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
001:
002:
907:
908:
909:
915:
916:
Add internal LO power amp
Delete internal RF pre amp
Front panel handle kit
Rack mounting flange kit
Front panel handle kit plus rack mounting flange kit
Service manual
Extra operating manual
HP 8970V Noise Figure Measurement System
HP 8970B, HP 8971C, HP 83711B
Accessories
1494-0060 Rack Slide Kit for HP 8970B or HP 8971C
9211-2649 HP 8970B Transit case
9211-2648 HP 8971C Transit case
17
HP 8970S Noise Figure Measurement System
A complete HP 8970S Noise Figure Measurement System consists of the HP 8970B
Noise Figure Meter, the HP 8971C Noise Figure Test Set (with options if desired),
and a Synthesized Microwave Signal Source.
Recommended Synthesized Microwave Signal Sources
HP 83620B Synthesized Swept-Signal Generator, 10 MHz to 20 GHz
HP 83622B Synthesized Swept-Signal Generator, 2 GHz to 20 GHz
HP 83630B Synthesized Swept-Signal Generator, 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
HP 83640B Synthesized Swept-Signal Generator, 10 MHz to 40 GHz
HP 83650B Synthesized Swept-Signal Generator, 10 MHz to 50 GHz
HP 83711B Synthesized CW Generator, 1 GHz to 20 GHz
HP 83712B Synthesized CW Generator, 10 MHz to 20 GHz
HP 83731B Synthesized Signal Generator, 1 GHz to 20 GHz
HP 83732B Synthesized Signal Generator, 10 MHz to 20 GHz
HP 83751A Synthesized Sweeper, 2 GHz to 20GHz
HP 83752A Synthesized Sweeper, 10 MHz to 20 GHz
For more information about
Hewlett-Packard test and measurement
products,applications, services, and for a
current sales office listing, visit our web site:
http://www.hp.com/go/tmdir You can also
contact one of the following centers and ask for
a test and measurement sales representative.
United States:
Hewlett-Packard Company
Test and Measurement Call Center
P.O. Box 4026 Englewood, CO 80155-4026
(tel) 1 800 452 4844
Europe:
Hewlett-Packard Company
European Marketing Centre
P.O. Box 999 1180 AZ Amstelveen
The Netherlands
(tel) (31 20) 547 9900
Canada:
Hewlett-Packard Canada Ltd.
5150 Spectrum Way Mississauga,
Ontario L4W 5G1
(tel) (905) 206 4725
Australia/New Zealand:
Hewlett-Packard Australia Ltd.
31-41 Joseph Street
Blackburn, Victoria 3130 Australia
(tel) 1 800 629 485 (Australia)
(tel) 0 800 738 378 (New Zealand)
(fax) (61 3) 9210 5489
Japan:
Hewlett-Packard Japan Ltd.
Measurement Assistance Center
9-1, Takakura-Cho, Hachioji-Shi,
Tokyo 192-8510, Japan
(tel) (81) 426 56 7832
(fax) (81) 426 56 7840
Latin America:
Hewlett-Packard Company
Latin American Region Headquarters
5200 Blue Lagoon Drive
9th Floor Miami, Florida 33126 U.S.A.
(tel) (305) 267 4245/4220
(fax) (305) 267 4288
Asia Pacific:
Hewlett-Packard Asia Pacific Ltd
17-21/F Shell Tower, Times Square,
1 Matheson Street, Causeway Bay,
Hong Kong
(tel) (852) 2599 7777
(fax) (852) 2506 9285
Technical data Subject to Change
Copyright © 1999
Hewlett-Packard Company
5091-6049E
6/99
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