SERVICE MANUAL - Soilmoisture Equipment Corp

SERVICE MANUAL - Soilmoisture Equipment Corp
20 BAR COMPRESSOR
12/2006
SERVICE MANUAL
SOILMOISTURE EQUIPMENT CORP.
801 S. Kellogg Ave. Goleta CA 93117
soilmoisture.com
PH: 1-805-964-3535 FAX: 1-805-683-2189
sales@soilmoisture.com
Table of Contents
Chapter - Page
1 Technical Specification .................................................................... 1 - 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
Compressor Unit .................................................................................................. 1 - 1
Sound emission.................................................................................................... 1 - 1
Compressor Block .............................................................................................. 1 - 1
Electrical Connection ........................................................................................... 1 - 1
Drive Motor .........................................................................................................1 - 2
Air Pressure Switch Setting ................................................................................. 1 - 2
Safety Relief Valve Setting ................................................................................... 1 - 2
Installation Requirements ..................................................................................... 1 - 2
Recommended Oil ............................................................................................... 1 - 3
Air Receiver Charging Time.................................................................................. 1 - 3
Dimensional Drawing ........................................................................................... 1 - 4
2 Safety Regulations ............................................................................. 2 - 5
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
Explanation of Symbols and References..............................................................
General Safety Precautions ..................................................................................
Additional Safety Precautions ..............................................................................
Electrical Power Supply........................................................................................
Spare Parts .........................................................................................................
Environmental Protection .....................................................................................
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-7
2-7
2-8
3 General ................................................................................................ 3 - 9
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Proper Use of the Compressor ............................................................................
Improper Use .......................................................................................................
Copyright .............................................................................................................
Handling the Document .......................................................................................
3-9
3-9
3-9
3-9
4 Transport .............................................................................................. 4 - 10
4.1
4.2
Transport Instructions .......................................................................................... 4 - 10
Storage ................................................................................................................ 4 - 10
5 Construction and Operation.............................................................. 5 - 11
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
Principle of Compression .....................................................................................
Brief Description ..................................................................................................
Compressor Control (Stop—Start Control) ..........................................................
Components of the Compressor Unit ..................................................................
5 - 11
5 - 11
5 - 11
5 - 12
6 Installation ......................................................................................... 6 - 13
6.1
6.2
6.3
Installation Instructions ..................................................................................... 6 - 13
Connection of the Compressed Air Supply.......................................................... 6 - 13
Electrical Connection ........................................................................................... 6 - 13
i
Table of Contents
Chapter - Page
7
Putting into Operation .......................................................................... 7- 14
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.4
8
9
Points to be Observed before Putting into Operation ........................................
Function of the Overload Protection Switch ........................................................
Setting the Air Pressure Switch ............................................................................
Cut—in frequency of the compressor unit from "standstill" to "load" ......................
Setting up the Pressure Reducer ........................................................................
7 - 14
7 - 15
7 - 15
7 - 16
7 - 17
Operation ............................................................................................ 8 - 18
8.1
8.1
Starting and Stopping the Compressor Unit ........................................................ 8 - 18
Trouble Shooting: Possible cause - Remedy ...................................................... 8 - 18
8.2.1
8.2.2
8.2.3
8.2.4
8.2.5
8.2.6
8.2.7
8.2.8
8.2.9
8.2.10
8.2.11
8.2.12
8.2.13
8.2.14
Compressor does not start ..................................................................................
Compressor starts with difficulty ..........................................................................
Compressor overheating......................................................................................
Motor overload protection switch releases after a short period ...........................
Motor overload protection switch releases after a long period.............................
Compressor runs continuously, discharge pressure not reached ......................
Compressor cutting in too often ...........................................................................
Compressor shuts down, air escapes constantly at the unloading valve ............
Air escapes from the unloading valve when the compressor is running ..............
Unloading valve not unloading after shut—down .................................................
Air escapes from the pressure switch ................................................................
Whistling noises at the cylinder head ...................................................................
Safety valve blowing off prematurely ...................................................................
Oil consumption of compressor too high ..........................................................
8 - 18
8 - 19
8 - 19
8 - 19
8 - 19
8 - 20
8 - 20
8 - 20
8 - 20
8 - 20
8 - 20
8 - 21
8 - 21
8 - 21
Maintenance .......................................................................................... 9 - 22
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
9.10
9.11
9.12
9.13
Observe the following rules during all maintenance and servicing work: ...........
Regular Maintenance Work ..................................................................................
Oil Level Check and Top-Off (Compressor Block) ............................................
Air Receiver..........................................................................................................
Oil Change (Compressor Block)...........................................................................
Cleaning or Changing the Air Filter ......................................................................
Cleaning or Replacing the Check Valve................................................................
Testing the Safety Relief Valve ..............................................................................
Maintenance of the Motor Bearings......................................................................
Clean the unloading valve on the pressure switch................................................
Inspect the cylinder head and valves and renew if required ................................
Checking Compressor Unit Performance ............................................................
Maintenance Schedule .........................................................................................
9 - 22
9 - 23
9 - 24
9 - 25
9 - 25
9 - 26
9 - 27
9 - 27
9 - 28
9 - 28
9 - 29
9 - 29
9 - 30
10 Spare Parts and After Sales Service ................................................... 10 - 31
10.1
10.2
Service Parts and Maintenance Parts................................................................... 10 - 31
Ordering Spare Parts ........................................................................................... 10 - 31
11 Appendix................................................................................................ 11 - 32
11.1
Electrical Diagram ................................................................................................. 11 - 32
ii
Technical Specification
1
Technical Specification
1.1
Compressor Unit
Model ............................................……………………………………Premium compact 130/4 W
Maximum gauge working pressure ..................................... ……………………………. 290 psig
Weight ................................................................................... …………………………… 71 lbs
Air receiver:
Capacity .................................................................................. …………………………... 1 gal
Max. permissible gauge working pressure .......................... …………………………….290 psig
Drawings:
Dimensional drawing……………………………………………………………… 0505V#### - Mech.
Electrical diagram ........................................ …………………………………..0505V#### - Elec.
1.2
Sound emission
Guaranteed sound power level ............................................ …………………………. 99 dB(A)
(to 2000/14/EG Directive)
Emission sound pressure level .......................................... …………………………….77.5 dB(A)
calculated from the measured mean sound power level (Directive 2000/14/EG, basic standard for
noise measurement ISO 3744) to EN ISO 11203:1995 para. 6.2.3.d at distance d= 1m, Q.2= 12.9
dB (A).
1.3
Compressor Block
Model ......................................................................... …………………………..0505V#### -3000
Theoretical inlet capacity ...................................................... …………………………….4.6
cfm
Free air delivered at 87 psi gauge working pressure ........... ……………………. ……...2.8
cfm
Maximum gauge working pressure ..................................... ……………………………. 290
psi
Number of cylinders ............................................................... …………………………... 1
Speed ................................................................................……………………………. 3600 rpm
Oil capacity
...................................................................... …………………………… 0.13 qts
Oil top-up quantity ............................................................. …………………….……… 0.05 qts
1.4
Electrical Connection
Main voltage………………………………………………………………………….… ….230V - 1PH
Full load current FLA ……… ................................................ ……………………………5.6 A
Frequency .......................................................................... ……………………………60 Hz
Recommended main disconnect fuses
(Dual element or time-delay) ................................................ ………………………… 6 A
Recommended power supply cable (Cu multi—stranded )
CAUTION
cross—section……………………..14 AWG
Maximum dual element time-delay fuses are selected according to
2002 N.E.C. Article 240-6, 430-52 and Tables 430-52, 430-148 &
150. Select multi-strand copper core wire at 40° C ambient
temperature according to 2002 N.E.C. 110-14(c), 220-3, 310-15,
Table 310-16, 430-6, 430-22, 430-24 and Tables 430-148 & 150.
1
Technical Specification
Under unsuitable mains conditions, operation of the compressor can have an adverse effect on
other equipment. No interference should be expected if the mains network impedance is less
than 0.3Ω (ohms). Generally, the maximum permissible impedance will not be exceeded if the
compressor is supplied from a domestic power outlet or a sub—distribution cabinet with a rated
current of 25 A.
1.5
Drive Motor
Rated power.......................................................................... ………………………….1.0 hp
Rated speed .......................................................................………………………… 1800 rpm
Enclosure rating .................................................................………………………………..TEFC
Phases .................................................................…………………………………single—phase
Max. starts per hour ............................................................ ……………………… 30 times
1.6
Air Pressure Switch Setting
Factory settings:
Cut-in pressure pmin ........................................................... …………………… …225 psig
Cut—out pressure pmax......................................................................................... …………………………………… 290 psig
Settings specific to a customer may differ.
1.7
Safety Relief Valve Setting
Set point.............................................................................. …………………….…290 psig
1.8
Installation Requirements
Max. height above sea level at place of installation .........……….………………. 3000 ft.
(for all heights above please contact authorized Soilmoisture Equip. Corp. distributor)
Min. ambient temperature ................................................... ……………………. .. 40 ° F
Max. ambient temperature .................................................... ……………………… 95 ° F
2
Technical Specification
1.9
Recommended Oil
THIS COMPRESSOR COMES UNFILLED WITH OIL ..IT MUST BE FILLED PRIOR TO USE
Oil type
SAE 5 W30
FGP
High performance oil
Description
Synthetic oil
for workshop compressors
Suitable for all applica- Specially for use in compressors
Application:
tions except in conwhere the air comes in direct
nection with foodstuff
contact with foodstuff.
processing.
Maximal permissible fluid
1000/2*
1000/2*
change interval in operating
hours/years
Material (part)
9.4943.00010/
9.0874.0/
number/ quantity
0.5
1.0
Type of oil filled**
*
Cool to moderate ambient temperatures, low humidity, high duty cycle
** Mark the type of oil in your machine in the table
1.10
Air Receiver Charging Time
Air receiver charging time to 145 - 290 psig 0 min 46 s
1.11
Mechanical Drawing with Some Dimensions
(see following page)
3
4
Safety
2.
Safety Regulations
Disregarding this notice can result in serious injury!
Read this service manual carefully and observe cautionary references before putting the
compressor unit into operation and before carrying out any maintenance on the unit.
The machine is constructed to the latest technological standards and to accepted safety
regulations.
Despite this fact, physical danger to the user or third parties or damage to the machine and
other property exists.
Use the machine as specified according to the service manual and only if it is in perfect
technical order!
Repair defects that could degrade safety (or have them repaired) immediately!
2.1
Explanation of Symbols and References
This symbol is placed before all regulations concerning safety where
dangerous life and limb can occur during work. It is especially important
that these regulations are observed and that extreme care is taken. For
their own protection, inform all other users of these safety regulations.
Observe all general safety and accident prevention regulations as well
as the those laid down in this service menu
This symbol is placed by text where considerable attention must be
paid to recommendations, regulations, references and the correct sequence of work so that damage and/or destruction of the compressor
unit and/or other equipment is prevented.
This symbol identifies environmental care measures.
This symbol indicates operations and actions to be carried out by the
operator or service technician.
This bullet identifies listings.
This warning label identifies hot surfaces:
DO NOT TOUCH!
DO NOT DO THIS
5
Safety
2.2
General Safety Precautions
Work on power-driven equipment may only be carried out or supervised by persons trained in that particular equipment or by a specialist.
Work on the electrical equipment of the compressor unit may only be
carried out by a qualified electrician or trained personnel under the
supervision of a qualified electrician according to the NEC and any applicable local codes.
Prior to working on electrical systems of the compressor always perform the following steps in the sequence shown.
1. Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with
applicable lock out/ tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 §
1910.147) to ensure the compressor does not restart.
2. Ensure the package cannot be switched on again
3. Check that no voltage is present
4. Lock the isolation shut-off valve in the "closed" position and vent
all compressed air trapped between the compressor and the isolation
shut-off valve in accordance with applicable lock out/ tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 § 1910.147).
The following actions must be carried out in the order given before
working on any pressurized parts or enclosures (e.g. pipes, vessels,
valves).
1. Shut off and depressurize all pressurized components and
enclosures
2. Secure them in the depressurized state
3. Check that they are indeed de-pressurized
Any alterations or reconstruction carried out without the prior written
authorization of Soilmoisture Equipment Corp. will invalidate the warranty.
No welding, heat-treatment or mechanical work may be carried out on
pressure retaining components, e.g. pipes, air mains, receivers, etc.
Safety devices may not be modified or deactivated.
Signs and labels of reference may not be removed or rendered unreadable.
6
Safety
2.3
Additional Safety Precautions
Comply with the following:
2.4
•
Do not allow open flame and flying sparks at the installation site.
•
Take necessary precaution when welding on or near the compressor unit to ensure
that sparks or high temperatures cannot cause fire or explosion.
•
Ensure that the compressor unit is supplied only with clean uncontaminated air.
•
Do not allow the maximum ambient temperature to be exceeded (see chapter 1.8),
unless special measures have been agreed upon between the manufacturer and the
customer.
•
This machine is not explosion-proof.
It may not be operated in areas in which specific requirements with regard to explosion
protection are applied.
Electrical Power Supply
The main power supply and over current protection must be installed
by a qualified electrician in accordance with NEC, OSHA and any applicable local codes.
Compressor units must be installed with a lockable main disconnect
and fuses or other short-circuit and ground fault protection device.
For fuse and wire recommendations, see chapter 1.4
Please note that the conductors, fuses and procedure are
Soilmoisture's recommendations. These recommendations do not
supersede other applicable codes.
2.5
Spare Parts
Safe and reliable operation of the compressor unit is guaranteed only with original spare parts.
7
Safety
2.6 Environmental Protection
Condensate drainage
Condensate accumulating during compression must be drained via a
suitable draining system and collected in disposal canisters. The condensate must be disposed of according to environmental care regulations.
Maintenance materials/wear items/replacement parts
Dispose of all used materials and parts accumulating during operation,
maintenance and repair of the compressor unit according to environmental care regulations!
Disposing of the Machine
Dispose of all used materials and parts accumulating during operation,
maintenance and repair of the compressor unit according to environmental care regulations!
When disposing of a machine, drain out all liquids and remove dirty filters.
Take the machine out of service (see chapter 8.1).
Drain all oil completely from the machine (see chapter 9.5).
Remove dirty filters.
Use the services of an approved local disposal specialist to ensure environmentally correct
disposal of the empty machine.
8
General
3
GENERAL
*
3.1
The service manual must always be available at the
compressor unit's place of use *
Proper Use of the Compressor
The compressor unit is intended solely for the purpose of generating compressed air. Any
other use is considered improper. The manufacturer cannot accept liability for any damage
caused by such improper use; the user alone is liable for any risks incurred.
Proper use of the compressor also includes compliance with the installation, removal, application, operational and maintenance instructions laid down by the manufacturer.
The equipment may only be used or serviced by authorized and
trained personnel.
3.2
Improper Use
Never direct compressed air toward persons. Compressed air is a concentrated form of energy and as such dangerous to life.
Never use compressed air for breathing purposes and production
methods where the air has direct contact with food without subjecting
the compressed air to additional treatment.
Inlet air may not contain any explosive or chemically unstable gas or
vapor.
Danger of injury and/or damage: Under no circumstances are persons
allowed to climb on this compressor.
Do not place any objects on the compressor or use it as a working surface.
3.3
Copyright
This Manual produced by Soilmoisture Equipment Corp., USA. in cooperation with Keaser
Compressors, Inc of Germany . All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced
in any form without permission of these parties.
3.4
Handling the Document
The service manual is part of the machine.
Keep the service manual safe throughout the life of the machine.
Pass the manual on to the next owner/user of the machine.
Ensure that all amendments are entered in the manual.
9
Transport
4
4.1
Transport
Transport Instructions
Always use a fork lift truck, a lift truck or lifting equipment when transporting the compressor
unit to avoid damage to cabinet and framework.
See chapter 1.1 for details of the weight.
4.2
Storage
Always store the compressor, whether packaged or not, in an enclosed dry
location. The ambient temperature may not exceed the limits of:
— 13 ° F and + 140 ° F
10
Construction and Operation
5
Construction and Operation
5.1
Principle of Compression
The compressor is an air cooled, oil lubricated reciprocating compressor working on the
single stage principle of compression.
Atmospheric air is drawn in through the air filter into the compression chamber of the compressor block. The downward movement of the piston creates a vacuum. When the piston has
passed the bottom dead center the air drawn into the cylinder is compressed by the upward
movement of the piston. At the same time the inlet valves close and the outlet valves open.
The compressed air is forced through a check valve into the air receiver. The check valve
prevents the compressed air flowing back from the air receiver to the compressor block after
shutdown.
5.2
Brief Description
The compressor block is driven by an electric motor. The compressor block is directly coupled
to the motor via the motor shaft. A fan supplying the cooling air necessary for the motor and
compressor block is fitted to the other end of the shaft.
The heat generated is dissipated via the cooling fins on the cylinder and the cylinder head.
The crankshaft is supported by anti-friction bearings; the connecting rod is supported by
shell bearings. The cylinder liner, piston, crankshaft and connecting rod are splash lubricated.
To enable an unloaded start the pressure switch is fitted with an unloading valve.
A check valve is fitted upstream of the air receiver to prevent compressed air flowing back into
the block.
The air receiver is constructed to the regulations of the pressure vessels act and fitted with all
necessary fittings such as safety valve, pressure gauge, pressure switch and check valve.
5.3
Compressor Control (Stop-Start Control)
The compressor is controlled by the pressure switch.
After the compressor is first switched on the pressure switch switches the compressor, depending on the air demand, between the two operating states "load" and "standstill" within the
limits Pmin/PmaxSee chapter 1.6 for the works setting of the pressure switch.
The compressed air pipe from the compressor block up to the check valve is vented when the
cut—out gauge pressure is reached to ensure an unloaded compressor start.
When operating in this mode, the compressor must be allowed to shut
off every 30 minutes for at least 5 minutes.
11
Construction and Operation
5.4
Components of the Compressor Unit
1 Air filter;
cleans the
inlet air
8
2 Compressor block;
draws in the air and compresses it
to the discharge pressure
Pressure gauge;
indicates the current pressure
in the air receiver
9
Oil level sight glass
3 Check valve;
prevents the compressed air from
flowing back into the block
4 Air receiver;
compressed air tank and
accumulation of condensate
5. Safety valve on the air receiver;
protects the air receiver, blows off
if the max. pressure is exceeded
10
Oil filler
11
Oil drain plug
12
Compressed air discharge connection
on the air receiver
13
Condensate drain cock
14
Pressure reduction valve;
reduces the pressure to the
required working pressure
15
Pressure gauge on reduction valve;
indicates the working pressure
16
Compressed air discharge connection
on the reduction valve
6. Pressure switch;
controls compressor stop and start
7 Eectric motor;
drives the compressor block, Fan
on OD shaft end provides the
necessary cooling air
12
Installation
6
Installation
6.1
Installation Instructions
To ensure sufficient ventilation, the compressor unit must be installed with a minimum distance of 19.7 inches to the wall.
Safe operation of the compressor unit is only ensured if the ambient temperature remains
within the limits stated in chapter 1.8).
If the compressor is used in the open, take care that it is protected against the direct rays
of the sun and against the ingress of dust and rain.
6.2
Connection of the Compressed Air Supply
The compressor unit is piped ready for use.
1 Compressed air discharge connection on the pressure reduction valve
2 Compressed air discharge connection on the air receiver
Two compressed air connections are provided for the consumers. The consumers are connected via a flexible hose and a coupling.
6.3
Electrical Connection
The main power supply and overcurrent protection must be installed by
a qualified electrician in accordance with NEC, OSHA and any applicable local codes.
For fuse and cable recommendations, see chapter 1.4.
The compressor is wired ready for connection to the power supply with a mains plug.
Maximum dual element time-delay fuses are selected according to
2002 N.E.C. Article 240-6, 430-52 and Tables 430-52, 430-148 &
150.
Select multi-strand copper core wire at 40° C ambient temperature
according to 2002 N.E.C. 110-14(c), 220-3, 310-15, Table 310-16,
430-6, 430-22, 430-24 and Tables 430-148 & 150.
1.25 x LA
(see chapter 1.4)
wire temperature
rating
correction factor
for 40° C
<100A
60° C
0.82
>100A
75° C
0.88
13
Initial Start
7
7.1
Putting into Operation
Points to be Observed before Putting into Operation
Every compressor unit is given a test run at the factory and carefully checked before shipment. The test run confirms that the compressor unit conforms to the specification data and
runs perfectly. However, independent of the checks made at the factory, the compressor unit
could be damaged during transport. For this reason, we recommend that the compressor unit
is examined for such possible damage. Observe the compressor unit carefully during the
first hours of operation for any possible malfunction.
Important functional components in the compressor unit (such as check
valve, safety relief valve and solenoid valve) are adjusted and fitted to
factory standards and specifications. Alterations to these components
are not allowed without prior written authorization from the
manufacturer.
Do not disassemble the check valve and safety relief valve. They are
heavily spring loaded.
Points to be observed before starting the compressor unit:
ANY NON-OBSERVANCE OF THIS OR OTHER REFERENCES (WARNING; ATTENTION; DANGER) CAN LEAD TO ACCIDENTS CAUSING INJURY TO PERSONS OR DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT.
The compressor unit starts automatically after a power failure providing
the line pressure is lower than the setting on the air pressure switch.
Do not operate the compressor without belt guards or open doors as
injury to persons could occur from the drive belts and electrical equipment.
Remove all packaging materials, tools and transport securing devices on and in the
compressor unit.
•
It is expected that the user employs safe working techniques and that all lawful operating
and safety regulations are followed when operating this compressor unit.
•
The operator of this compressor unit is responsible for its safe operating condition.
•
Do not operate this compressor unit in locations where heavy dust conditions, poison
ous or inflammable gases could exist.
•
Do not connect the compressor unit to a supply voltage other than that stated on the
nameplate.
•
Install the compressor unit in a location not subject to freezing temperatures. The air
temperature requirements at the air intake must be complied with (see chapter 1.8).
•
During installation of the compressor unit, ensure that a distance of at least 19.7 " is
kept between the air intake of the unit and any wall.
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with applicable lock out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 §
1910.147) to ensure the compressor does not restart.
Check all screws on the electrical connections for tightness and tighten
if necessary (carry out this check again after 50 hours of operation).
14
Initial Start
7.2
Function of the Overload Protection Switch
The alternating current motor is provided with a thermal overload protection switch that is
preset to a fixed value.
Voltage fluctuations can release the overload protection switch because of increasing
motor current, shutting down the compressor unit.
If the overload protection switch has released and shut down the compressor unit, start the
compressor again as follows:
Before pressing the release button, turn the ON/OFF switch of the
pressure switch to the "0" position first.
Turn the ON/OFF switch to the "0" position.
Press the release button
Turn the ON/OFF switch to the "I" position.
If the release button does not latch in straightaway, wait until the motor
has cooled down.
If the overload protection switch repeatedly shuts down the compressor over a succession of short periods, other defects (e.g. insulation fault on the motor or in the cables, seized compressor) could
cause the overload protection switch to release. Have the motor
checked by a qualified electrician.
1 Overload protection switch (release button)
7.3
Setting the Air Pressure Switch
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with applicable lock out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 § 1910.147)
to ensure the compressor does not restart. See chapter 2.4 for the main
disconnect switch.
See chapter 1.6 for the factory setting of the air pressure switch and the possible setting range.
Do not adjust pressure switch unless it is mounted and pressurized.
Do not set the maximum cut-out pressure higher than the maximum
gauge working pressure (see chapter 1 . 1 ) .
15
Initial Start
1
2
3
4
5
Cover
Screw
"Upper switching point" (Cut-out pressure) adjusting screw
Pressure difference adjusting screw
ON/OFF - Switch
Shut down the compressor unit (see chapter 8.1).
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with applicable lock
out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 § 1910.147) to ensure the
compressor does not restart. See chapter 2.4 for the main disconnect switch.
Unscrew the screws (2) to the right and left of the cover (1).
Remove the cover (1) of the pressure switch.
Carry out the adjustment of the pressure switch.
Replace the cover ( 1 ) after every adjustment of the pressure shitch and before
starting the compressor unit.
Replace the cover (1).
To increase the cut-out pressure:
Turn the screw (3) clockwise in the "+"direction.
To decrease the cut-out pressure:
Turn the screw (3) counterclockwise in the " -" direction.
To increase the pressure difference between the cut-in and cut-out pressures:
Turn the screw (4) clockwise in the "+ " direction.
To decrease the pressure difference between the cut-in and cut-out pressures:
Turn the screw (4) counterclockwise " -"direction.
7.3.1 Cut-in frequency of the compressor unit from "standstill" to "load"
The cut—in frequency of the compressor unit from "standstill" to "load" can be changed
within a limited range by changing the switching difference. To change the cut—in frequency the pressure switch must be adjusted (see chapter 7.3).
See chapter 1.5 for the maximum cut-in frequency from "standstill" to "load"
per hour.
•
•
Increasing the switching difference causes a decrease in the cut-in frequency.
Decreasing the switching difference causes an increase in the cut-in frequency.
16
Initial Start
7.4
Setting up the Pressure Reducer
The working pressure of a compressor unit fluctuates according to the pressure limits set on
the pressure switch (see chapter 1.6).
The pressure reducer reduces this fluctuating working pressure to the working pressure
required and holds it constant.
1 Regulating screw
2 Locking nut
Switch on the compressor unit and allow it to run without any consumers until the cut-out
pressure is reached.
Turn the regulating screw (1) anticlockwise until no more resistance is felt. This
measure unloads the pressure reducer.
Turn the regulating screw (1) clockwise until the required pressure is indicated on the
pressure gauge (3).
Lock the regulating screw (1) to this position with the locking nut (2).
17
Operation
8
Operation
8.1
Starting and Stopping the Compressor Unit
Starting the compressor unit
Operate the main disconnect device (main switch or plug, see chapter 2.4).
1 ON/OFF switch
"0" position = OFF
"I" position = AUTO
Switch on the compressor unit at the pressure switch (turn switch to position "I").
Shutting down the compressor unit
Switch off the compressor unit at the pressure switch (turn switch to position "0").
Operate and lock out the main disconnect device (pull out the mains plug) to isolate
the compressor from the mains power supply.
8.2
Trouble Shooting: Possible cause - Remedy
Always comply with all general and local safety regulations when
carrying out faultfinding and repair.
Restarting after a fault:
see chapter 7."Initial Start—up"
Explanation of symbols in the following faultfinding help:
▲ 1-----have checked by a specialist.
▲ 2 — contact you authorized Soilmoisture distributor.
8.2.1
Compressor does not start
Possible cause:
Remedy:
No motor power supply, fuses blown.
Replace the fuses; ▲1.
Contact in pressure switch defective.
Replace the pressure switch; ▲ 1.
Motor overload protection switch released.
Check function of the overload protection
switch (see chapter 7.2); ▲ 1.
18
Operation
8.2.2
8.2.3
8.2.4
Compressor starts with difficulty
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Unloading valve at the pressure switch not
opening.
Clean or renew the unloading valve (see
chapter 9.10); ▲ 1.
Damaged bearings.
Renew the bearings or fit an exchange
compressor; ▲2
Pistons siezed
(no oil or wrong oil).
▲2 .
Power supply fault. Voltage
too high or too low.
Check the power supply (fuses); ▲ 1.
Oil level too high.
Reduce the oil level to the maximum mark
on the oil level sight glass (see chapter 9.3).
Compressor overheating
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Ambient temperature too high
(over 105 °F).
Lower the ambient temperature (see chapter 1.8).
The fan cannot draw in air freely.
Ensure that inlet air is available for the fan.
Valve plate leaking, corroded or the
valve reeds are broken.
Replace valve plate; ▲ 1 and ▲2.
Motor overload protection switch releases after a short period
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Defect in the mains power supply,
voltage too high or too low.
Check the mains (fuses); ▲ 1.
Defect on the motor.
8.2.5
Change the motor;▲1 and ▲2.
Motor overload protection switch releases after a long period
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Defect in the mains power supply,
voltage too high or too low.
Check the cable cross-section; (see chapter 6.3); ▲1.
Check the terminal connections;
tighten screws if necessary.
19
Operation
8.2.6
Compressor runs continuously, discharge pressure not reached
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Air filter blocked.
Clean or replace the air filter
(see chapter 9.6); ▲1.
Valve plate leaking, coked or valve reeds
broken.
Check, decoke or replace valve plate; >fc
and▲2.
Pressure losses within the unit.
Brush soapy water on piping and fittings,
seal leaks, replace leaking parts; ▲1.
Air demand higher than the capacity of the
compressor.
Losses at the consumer / in the air main.
8.2.7
8.2.8
8.2.9
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Air receiver filled with condensate up to the
discharge valve.
Drain the condensate (observe environmental care regulations), carry out routine maintenance regularly (see chapter 9.4); ▲ 1.
Compressor shuts down, air escapes constantly at the unloading valve
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Defective unloading valve.
Replace the seal or replace the valve cone
(see chapter 9.7); ▲1.
Air escapes from the unloading valve when the compressor is running
Remedy:
Unloading valve not closing (dirty or defective).
8.2.11
Check for possible leakage points.
Compressor cutting in too often
Possible cause:
8.2.10
Extend the compressed air supply.
Clean or replace the unloading valve
(see chapter 9.10); ▲1.
Unloading valve not unloading after shut-down
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Dirty unloading valve.
Clean the unloading valve
(see chapter 9.10); ▲ 1.
Air escapes from the pressure switch
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Defective diaphragm. Unloading
Replace the pressure switch; ▲1.
valve does not close.
Replace the unloading valve; ▲ 1.
20
Operation
8.2.12
8.2.13
8.2.14
Whistling noises at the cylinder head
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Loose cylinder head bolts or defective gaskets.
Tighten the bolts or replace the gaskets;
▲ 1 and ▲ 2.
Safety valve blowing off prematurely
Possible cause:
Remedy:
Safety valve blows, even though the cutout pressure is not yet reached.
Check that the pressure gauge functions
correctly, replace if necessary. Check the
pressure setting.
Defective valve spring.
Replace the safety valve; ▲ 1.
Wrong set point.
Set 10-15 psig above max. working pressure (see chapter 1.1) of the compressor
unit; ▲ 1.
Safety valve was opened, dirt particles
stuck in valve seat.
Open the safety valve completely for a short
period to allow it to blow itself clean.
Oil consumption of compressor too high
Remedy:
Possible cause:
Fill with correct oil (see chapter 1.9); ▲ 1.
Viscosity of oil too low.
Defective crankcase venting system.
Clean the crankcase venting system or replace the filter; ▲1.
Piston rings worn or damaged.
Replace piston rings and cylinder; ▲2.
Piston rings worn or damaged after only a
short period.
Replace piston rings and cylinder; ▲2.
(ensure that the inlet air is clean, e.g. by
using an air filter with a higher grade of filtration).
21
Maintenance
9
Maintenance
9.1
Observe the following rules during all maintenance
and servicing work:
Work on power driven equipment may only be carried out
by trained or specialized personnel. Follow all applicable
OSHA and local safety regulations.
The compressor unit restarts automatically after a power
failure if the line pressure is lower than the pressure setting
on the air pressure switch.
Lock the main disconnect switch in the "off" position in
accordance with applicable lock out/tag out procedures
(example: OSHA CFR 29 § 1910.147) to ensure the
compressor does not restart (see chapter LEERER
MERKER for main disconnect switch).
Ensure that no maintenance personnel is working on the
compressor unit, that all panels are latched back on again
and all maintenance doors are closed before restarting the
compressor unit.
To start the compressor unit see chapter 8.1
Always tighten down any screw connection that has been
loosened during maintenance work.
The following points must be observed when handling
lubricating and cooling materials:
•
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
•
Do not inhale vapors and oil mist.
•
Do not eat or drink when handling such materials.
•
Fire, open flame and smoking are strictly forbidden.
Ensure that all lubricants, consumable materials and
replacement parts accumulating during operation and
servicing of the compressor package are disposed of
according to environmental regulations.
22
Maintenance
9.2
Regular Maintenance Work
Interval*
Maintenance tasks
see chapter
Daily
Check the crankcase oil level.
9.3
Drain condensate from the air receiver.
9.4
Change the compressor oil
9.5
Check and clean the air filter
9.6
Check and clean the check valve
9.7
Check the safety relief valve
9.8
Variable
Change the compressor oil
9.5
Every 3,000 h
Check correct function of the cylinder head and
valves
9.11
Every 10,000 h
Change the motor bearings
9.9
Carry out a general compressor overhaul
9.11
50 h after initial
start—up
Every 500 h At least
once a year
* Maintenance interval may change depending on model,
installation, motor starting frequency and ambient conditions.
It is recommended that a log is kept of maintenance work done. See
chapter 9.13 for a sample list of maintenance tasks.
If daily maintenance is impractical because the machine is used so
little, it should be carried out every 24 operating hours.
23
Maintenance
9.3
Oil Level Check and Top-Off (Compressor Block)
Check the oil level daily through the oil sight glass when the compressor unit is shut down.
If the oil level has sunk to the lower mark, top off the oil immediately
according to the oil recommendations (see chapter 1.9).
Never top off to a level exceeding the maximum oil mark on the oil
level sight glass.
When topping off the oil always use a strainer or pour the oil directly
from the new oil can.
Shut down the compressor (see chapter 8.1).
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with
applicable lock out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 §
1910.147) to ensure the compressor does not restart. See chapter 2.4
for the main disconnect switch.
Remove the crankcase venting plug (1) from the oil filler.
Let oil settle a few minutes before filling to the maximum oil level
mark. The oil must flow through the crankcase first.
Top off the oil to the maximum mark. See chapter 1.3 for the quantity of oil required for
topping off from the minimum mark to the maximum mark
Replace the crankcase venting plug in the oil filler
24
Maintenance
9.4
Air Receiver
The provisions of the Pressure Vessels Act must be conformed with.
The relevant regulations of the country concerned must also be observed.
Drain the condensate collecting in the air receiver daily with the condensate drain
valve (1).
Drain the condensate into a suitable container and dispose of accord¬ing
to environmental care regulations!
1 Condensate drain
9.5
Oil Change (Compressor Block)
Change the oil with the compressor unit at normal operating temperature.
Danger of scalding by hot oil
Danger of burns from hot components
Change the oil after approximately the first 50 service hours.
Change the oil futher: see chapter 1.9.
If, under unsuitable operational conditions condensed water is observed in the oil,
recognizable by the milky color in the oil level sight gauge (2), carry out an oil change
immediately.
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with applicable lock out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 § 1910.147)
to ensure the compressor does not restart. See chapter 2.4 for the main
disconnect switch.
1 Oil Filler
2 Oil level sight glass
3 Oil drain plug
Shut down the compressor (see chapter 8.1
25
Maintenance
Remove the crankcase venting plug (1) from the oil filler.
Prepare a container to catch the oil.
Collect the used oil and dispose in an acceptable environmental manner
Unscrew the oil drain plug (3) and drain the oil into the container.
When topping off the oil always use a strainer or pour the oil directly from
the new oil can
Flush out the crankcase with a small quantity of new oil.
Screw the oil drain plug back into the crankcase
Fill up with new oil (see chapter 9.3).
9.6
Cleaning or Changing the Air Filter
The replaceable cartridge (2) is made of foam.
If an obvious layer of dust is found on the filter cartridges, they must be cleaned. The
filter inserts should be cleaned at the latest after 500 service hours.
Shut down the compressor (see chapter 8.1).
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with applicable
lock out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 § 1910.147) to ensure
the compressor does not restart. See chapter 2.4 for the main disconnect
switch.
Remove the rubber cap of the air filter (1).
Take out the filter inserts, wash them in hot water with a grease solvent additive and
then carefully rinse.
Clean out the filter housing. Clean the sealing surfaces very carefully.
If the inserts are heavily contaminated or have been cleaned several times
they should be changed.
After drying the filter inserts take them again.
Fit the rubber cap of the air filter (1) again.
26
Maintenance
9.7
Cleaning or Replacing the Check Valve
The check valve is located at the inlet port of the built in air receiver. It prevents the compressed air flowing back from the air receiver into the compressor block.
Check and, if necessary, clean the check valve every 500 service hours or at least once
annually.
KFB001021
1 Check valve
2 End plug
3 Valve piston
4 Valve seat
5 Spring
6 Sealing ring
Shut down the compressor (see chapter 8.1).
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with
applicable lock out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 §
1910.147) to ensure the compressor does not restart. See chapter 2.4 for
the main disconnect switch.
Remove the crankcase venting plug (1) from the oil filler.
Prepare a container to catch the oil.
Collect the used oil and dispose of according to environmental care
regulations!
Unscrew the oil drain plug (3) and drain the oil into the container.
When topping off the oil always use a strainer or pour the oil directly from
the new oil can.
Flush out the crankcase with a small quantity of new oil.
Screw the oil drain plug back into the crankcase.
Fill up with new oil (see chapter 9.3).
9.8 Testing the Safety Relief Valve
If the maximum permissible gauge working pressure in the air receiver is
exceeded, the safety valve (2) opens and blows off the excess air to protect the
compressor unit and the users connected to the air system.
To prevent the valve seat from sticking, activate the safety valve every
500 service hours or at least annually
Safety valve
Knurled ring
27
Maintenance
It is essential to wear ear protection when testing the pressure relief
valve because of the loud noise produced by escaping air.
Switch the compressor off (see chapter 8.1).
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with
applicable lock out/tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 §
1910.147) to ensure the compressor does not restart. See chapter 2.4
for the main disconnect switch
Turn the knurled screw on the pressure relief valve anticlockwise until air
escapes and then turn back again.
A defective pressure relief valve must be renewed completely.
Tampering with the pressure relief valve and damaging the lead seal is
forbidden and will invalidate all liability.
9.9
Maintenance of the Motor Bearings
The motor bearings are sealed and lubricated for the lifetime of the bearing.
Under normal operating conditions, with ambient temperatures around 77° F, the
motor bearings should be replaced approximately every 10 000 service hours.
The wear on the bearings increases with higher ambient temperatures. With very high
ambient temperatures of around 95° F replace the bearings approximately every
6000 hours.
Change the motor bearings every 3 years independent of service hours.
The bearings must be changed by your authorized Soilmoisture
distributor when the above maintenance is due.
9.10
Clean the unloading valve on the pressure switch
If the machine starts with difficulty because of contamination in the unloading valve or does not vent
from the pressure switch when shut down the unloading valve must be cleaned.
1. Unloading Valve
2. Screw
3. Screw Plug
4. Ball
5. Spring
6. Gasket
7. Valve pin
8. Fitting
28
Maintenance
Close the user's shut-off valve between the machine and the air main.
Clean the unloading valve:
Remove the fitting (8) from the unloading valve (1).
Remove the securing screw (2) and lift off the unloading valve (1).
Open the valve carefully.
Remove the plug (3) and take out the individual parts.
Extract the valve pin (7) and clean it and the other parts.
Reassemble and replace the valve and tighten the securing screw (2)
Start the machine and carry out a test run
Open the user's shut-off valve between the machine and the air main.
Switch the machine on.
Carry out a visual check for leaks.
9.11
Inspect the cylinder head and valves and renew if required
Check the function of the cylinder head and valves after 3 000 operating hours. In addition,
inspect the valve plates for coking and clean if necessary.
If the cylinder head or valves show sign of malfunction they should be repaired or renewed
by an authorized Soilmoisture facility.
We recommend a general overhaul of the machine should be carried out at a Soilmoisture
facility after 10, 000 operating hours.
9.12
Checking Compressor Unit Performance
The effective compressor unit performance can be determined by measuring the
charging time of the air receiver. Shut down the compressor unit (see chapter 8.1).
Lock the main disconnect in the "off" position in accordance with applicable
lock out/ tag out procedures (example: OSHA CFR 29 §
Isolate the compressor from the air main (close the user's shut—off valve).
Vent the air receiver with the condensate drain cock and then close the cock again (see
chapter 9.4).
Close the shut-off valve on the air receiver.
Start the compressor unit (see chapter 8.1) and simultaneously measure and compare
the charging time taken to achieve the gauge pressure stated in the technical specification (see chapter 1.10).
29
Maintenance
9.13
Maintenance Schedule
Model No.......................................
Date
Serial No…………………………….
Description of work
Operating hours
30
Signature
Spare Parts and After Sales Service
10
10.1
Spare Parts and After Sales Service
Service Parts and Maintenance Parts
Name
Qty.
Part number
Air filter insert
1
0505V-0000-01
Check valve
1
0505V-0000-02
10.2
Ordering Spare Parts
When ordering spare parts always state (see nameplate):
— Compressor model
— Serial Number
— Year of manufacture
Important for all orders and inquiries:
Enter the data from the nameplate of the compressor unit in the nameplate shown above.
Always order original spare parts from the compressor manufacturer
to avoid lower quality spare parts in your compressor unit.
We want to point out that maintenance parts, spare parts and accessories not supplied by us
are also not tested and authorized by us. The use of such products could change design
characteristics of the compressor unit negatively and might therefore affect the safety of the
unit.
It should be noted that substitution of original parts or assemblies will void the
warranty coverage in most circumstances and in worst case expose the user to hazards
and liabilities not covered by the manufacturer or supplier of this compressor.
.
31
APPENDIX
11.0 Appendix Electrical Diagram Compressor Wiring
32
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