Service Manual - Air
®
Plasma Arc
Cutting System
Service Manual
803150 - Revision 3
EN50199
EN50192
Plasma Arc Cutting System
Service Manual
IM-315
(P/N 803150)
for systems beginning with serial number
900-010000
Revision 3 June, 2000
Hypertherm, Inc.
Hanover, NH
http://www.hypertherm.com
email:[email protected]
© Copyright 2000 Hypertherm, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
Hypertherm and Powermax are trademarks of Hypertherm, Inc.,
and may be registered in the United States and/or other countries
Hypertherm Offices Worldwide:
Hypertherm, Inc.
Etna Road, P.O. Box 5010
Hanover, NH 03755 USA
Tel.: (603) 643-3441 (Main Office)
Fax: (603) 643-5352 (All Departments)
Tel.: (800) 643-9878 (Technical Service – toll-free in USA and Canada)
Tel.: (800) 737-2978 (Customer Service – toll-free in USA and Canada)
email: [email protected] (General Information)
email: [email protected] (Technical/Customer Services)
Hypertherm Plasmatechnik GmbH
Technologiepark Hanau
Rodenbacher Chaussee 6
D–63457 Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany
Tel.: 49 6181 58 2100
Fax: 49 6181 58 2134
Hypertherm (S) Pte Ltd
No. 19 Kaki Bukit Road 2
K.B. Warehouse Complex
Singapore 417847
Tel.: 65 841 2489
Fax: 65 841 2490
Hypertherm UK Ltd
9 Berkeley Court, Manor Park
Runcorn, Cheshire, England WA7 1TQ
Tel.: 44 1928 579 074
Fax: 44 1928 579 604
France
15 Impasse des Rosiers
95610 Eragny, France
Tel.: 33 1 30 37 15 28
Fax: 33 1 30 37 15 79
Hypertherm S.r.L.
Via Torino 2
20123 Milan, Italy
Tel.: 39 02 725 46 312 (Customer Service)
Tel.: 39 02 725 46 314 (Technical Service)
Fax: 39 02 725 46 400 (All Departments)
Hypertherm B.V.
Burg, Haverkampstraat 13
7091 CN Dinxperlo, The Netherlands
Tel.: 31 315 655 866 (Customer Service)
Fax: 31 315 655 886
European Technical Support Organization (ETSO)
Edisonstraat 12
3281 NC Numansdorp, The Netherlands
Tel.: 00 800 4973 7843 (00 800 Hypertherm) – (toll-free Technical Service)
Tel.: 31 186 659494
Fax: 31 186 659495
Japan
Shinjuku Park Tower
30th Floor
3-7-1 Nishi-Shinjuku
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo
163-1030, Japan
Tel.: 81 03 5326 3142
Fax: 81 03 5326 3001
5/00
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
EMC INTRODUCTION
Hypertherm's CE-marked equipment is
built in compliance with standard
EN50199. The equipment should be
installed and used in accordance with the
information
below
to
achieve
electromagnetic compatibility.
The limits required by EN50199 may not
be adequate to completely eliminate
interference when the affected equipment
is in close proximity or has a high degree
of sensitivity. In such cases it may be
necessary to use other measures to
further reduce interference.
This plasma is designed for use only in an
industrial environment.
g. Immunity of other equipment in the
environment. User shall ensure that
other equipment being used in the
environment is compatible. This may
require additional protection measures.
h. Time of day that cutting or other
activities are to be carried out.
The size of the surrounding area to be
considered will depend on the structure of
the building and other activities that are
taking place. The surrounding area may
extend beyond the boundaries of the
premises.
METHODS OF REDUCING
EMISSIONS
Mains Supply
INSTALLATION AND USE
Cutting equipment must be connected to
the mains supply according to the
The user is responsible for installing and manufacturer's recommendations. If
using the plasma equipment according to interference occurs, it may be necessary
the manufacturer's instructions. If to take additional precautions such as
electromagnetic disturbances are filtering of the mains supply.
detected then it shall be the responsibility Consideration should be given to
of the user to resolve the situation with the shielding the supply cable of permanently
technical assistance of the manufacturer. installed cutting equipment, in metallic
In some cases this remedial action may be conduit or equivalent. Shielding should
as simple as earthing the cutting circuit, be electrically continuous throughout its
see Earthing of Workpiece. In other cases length. The shielding should be
it could involve constructing an connected to the cutting mains supply so
electromagnetic screen enclosing the that good electrical contact is maintained
power source and the work complete with between the conduit and the cutting
associated input filters. In all cases power source enclosure.
electromagnetic disturbances must be
reduced to the point where they are no Maintenance of Cutting Equipment
longer troublesome.
The cutting equipment must be routinely
ASSESSMENT OF AREA
maintained
according
to
the
manufacturer's recommendations. All
Before installing the equipment the user access and service doors and covers
shall make an assessment of potential should be closed and properly fastened
electromagnetic problems in the when the cutting equipment is in
surrounding area. The following shall be operation. The cutting equipment should
taken into account:
not be modified in any way except for
a. Other supply cables, control cables, those changes and adjustments covered
signalling and telephone cables; above, in the manufacturer's instructions. In
below and adjacent to the cutting particular, the spark gaps of arc striking
and stabilizing devices should be
equipment.
b. Radio and television transmitters and adjusted and maintained according to the
receivers.
manufacturer's recommendations.
c. Computer and other control equipment.
d. Safety critical equipment, for example Cutting Cables
guarding of industrial equipment.
The cutting cables should be kept as
e. Health of the people around, for
example the use of pacemakers and short as possible and should be
positioned close together, running at or
hearing aids.
f. Equipment used for calibration or close to the floor level.
Equipotential Bonding
Bonding of all metallic components in the
cutting installation and adjacent to it
should be considered. However, metallic
components bonded to the workpiece will
increase the risk that the operator could
receive a shock by touching these
metallic components and the electrode at
the same time. The operator should be
insulated from all such bonded metallic
components.
Earthing of Workpiece
Where the workpiece is not bonded to
earth for electrical safety, nor connected
to earth because of its size and position,
for example, ship's hull or building
steelwork, a connection bonding the
workpiece to earth may reduce
emissions in some, but not all instances.
Care should be taken to prevent the
earthing of the workpiece increasing the
risk of injury to users, or damage to other
electrical equipment. Where necessary,
the connection of the workpiece to earth
should be made by a direct connection to
the workpiece, but in some countries
where direct connection is not permitted,
the bonding should be achieved by
suitable capacitances selected
according to national regulations.
Note: The cutting circuit may or may not
be earthed for safety reasons. Changing
the earthing arrangements should only
be authorized by a person who is
competent to assess whether the
changes will increase the risk of injury, for
example, by allowing parallel cutting
current return paths which may damage
the earth circuits of other equipment.
Further guidance is given in IEC TC26
(sec)94 and IEC TC26/108A/CD Arc
Welding Equipment Installation and Use.
Screening and Shielding
Selective screening and shielding of
other cables and equipment in the
surrounding area may alleviate problems
of interference. Screening of the entire
plasma cutting installation may be
considered for special applications.
measurement.
Service Manual
i
WARRANTY
WARNING
Genuine Hypertherm parts are the factory-recommended
replacement parts for your Hypertherm system. Any
damage caused by the use of other than genuine
Hypertherm parts may not be covered by the Hypertherm
warranty.
WARNING
You are responsible for the safe use of the Product.
Hypertherm does not and cannot make any guarantee or
warranty regarding the safe use of the Product in your
environment.
GENERAL
Hypertherm, Inc. warrants that its Products shall be free
from defects in materials and workmanship, if Hypertherm
is notified of a defect (i) with respect to the power supply
within a period of two (2) years from the date of its delivery
to you, and (ii) with respect to the torch and leads within a
period of one (1) year from its date of delivery to you. This
warranty shall not apply to any Product which has been
incorrectly installed, modified, or otherwise damaged.
Hypertherm, at its sole option, shall repair, replace, or
adjust, free of charge, any defective Products covered by
this warranty which shall be returned with Hypertherm’s
prior authorization (which shall not be unreasonably
withheld), properly packed, to Hypertherm’s place of
business in Hanover, New Hampshire, or to an authorized
Hypertherm repair facility, all costs, insurance and freight
prepaid. Hypertherm shall not be liable for any repairs,
replacement, or adjustments of Products covered by this
warranty, except those made pursuant to this paragraph or
with Hypertherm’s prior written consent. The warranty
above is exclusive and is in lieu of all other warranties,
express, implied, statutory, or otherwise with respect
to the Products or as to the results which may be
obtained therefrom, and all implied warranties or
conditions of quality or of merchantability or fitness for
a particular purpose or against infringement. The
foregoing shall constitute the sole and exclusive
remedy for any breach by Hypertherm of its warranty.
Distributors/OEMs may offer different or additional
warranties, but Distributors/OEMs are not authorized to
give any additional warranty protection to you or make any
representation to you purporting to be binding upon
Hypertherm.
formulae, or combinations not developed or purported to be
developed by Hypertherm, Hypertherm will defend or
settle, at its own expense, any suit or proceeding brought
against you alleging that the use of the Hypertherm
product, alone and not in combination with any other
product not supplied by Hypertherm, infringes any patent of
any third party. You shall notify Hypertherm promptly upon
learning of any action or threatened action in connection
with any such alleged infringement, and Hypertherm’s
obligation to indemnify shall be conditioned upon
Hypertherm’s sole control of, and the indemnified party’s
cooperation and assistance in, the defense of the claim.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
In no event shall Hypertherm be liable to any person or
entity for any incidental, consequential, indirect, or
punitive damages (including but not limited to lost
profits) regardless of whether such liability is based on
breach of contract, tort, strict liability, breach of
warranties, failure of essential purpose or otherwise
and even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
LIABILITY CAP
In no event shall Hypertherm’s liability, whether such
liability is based on breach of contract, tort, strict
liability, breach of warranties, failure of essential
purpose or otherwise, for any claim action suit or
proceeding arising out of or relating to the use of the
Products exceed in the aggregate the amount paid for
the Products that gave rise to such claim.
INSURANCE
At all times you will have and maintain insurance in such
quantities and types, and with coverage sufficient and
appropriate to defend and to hold Hypertherm harmless in
the event of any cause of action arising from the use of the
Products.
NATIONAL AND LOCAL CODES
National and Local codes governing plumbing and
electrical installation shall take precedent over any
instructions contained in this manual. In no event shall
Hypertherm be liable for injury to persons or property
damage by reason of any code violation or poor work
practices.
PATENT INDEMNITY
TRANSFER OF RIGHTS
Except only in cases of products not manufactured by
Hypertherm or manufactured by a person other than
Hypertherm not in strict conformity with Hypertherm’s
specifications and in cases of designs, processes,
You may transfer any remaining rights you may have
hereunder only in connection with the sale of all or
substantially all of your assets or capital stock to a
successor in interest who agrees to be bound by all of the
terms and conditions of this Warranty.
ii
5-00
Hypertherm Warranty
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY ............................................................................................... i
WARRANTY ...........................................................................................................................................ii
Section 1
Safety ................................................................................................ 1-1
RECOGNIZE SAFETY INFORMATION ............................................................................................. 1-2
FOLLOW SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................. 1-2
CUTTING CAN CAUSE FIRE OR EXPLOSION ................................................................................ 1-2
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL ........................................................................................................... 1-2
CUTTING CAN PRODUCE TOXIC FUMES ...................................................................................... 1-3
ARC RAYS CAN BURN EYES AND SKIN ......................................................................................... 1-4
COMPRESSED GAS EQUIPMENT SAFETY .................................................................................... 1-4
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INFORMATION ............................................................................................. 1-4
NOISE CAN DAMAGE HEARING ..................................................................................................... 1-4
GAS CYLINDERS CAN EXPLODE IF DAMAGED ............................................................................ 1-4
GROUNDING SAFETY ...................................................................................................................... 1-5
PLASMA ARC CAN CAUSE INJURY AND BURNS .......................................................................... 1-5
PACEMAKER AND HEARING AID OPERATION .............................................................................. 1-5
Section 1a Sécurité .......................................................................................... 1a-1
IDENTIFIER LES CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ .............................................................................. 1a-2
SUIVRE LES INSTRUCTIONS DE SÉCURITÉ ............................................................................... 1a-2
LE COUPAGE PEUT PROVOQUER UN INCENDIE OU UNE EXPLOSION .................................. 1a-2
DANGER AVERTISSEMENT PRÉCAUTION ................................................................................ 1a-2
LE COUPAGE PEUT PRODUIRE DES VAPEURS TOXIQUES ...................................................... 1a-3
LES CHOCS ÉLECTRIQUES PEUVENT ÊTRE FATALS ................................................................ 1a-3
L’ARC PLASMA PEUT PROVOQUER DES BLESSURES OU DES BRÛLURES .......................... 1a-4
MISE À LA MASSE ET À LA TERRE ............................................................................................... 1a-4
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC PEUVENT BRÛLER LES YEUX ET LA PEAU ........................................ 1a-4
SÉCURITÉ DES BOUTEILLES DE GAZ COMPRIMÉ .................................................................... 1a-5
LE BRUIT PEUT PROVOQUER DES PROBLÈMES AUDITIFS ..................................................... 1a-5
PACEMAKERS ET PROTHÈSES AUDITIVES ................................................................................ 1a-5
LES BOUTEILLES DE GAZ COMPRIMÉ PEUVENT EXPLOSER EN CAS DE DOMMAGES ....... 1a-5
Section 2
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................. 2-1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................ 2-2
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................. 2-3
Power Supply .............................................................................................................................. 2-3
PAC125 TORCHES ........................................................................................................................... 2-4
PAC125T Hand Torch Assembly .................................................................................................. 2-4
PAC125M Machine Torch Assembly ............................................................................................ 2-4
S MARK ........................................................................................................................................... 2-5
SETUP SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................ 2-5
Power Cord Plugs ........................................................................................................................ 2-5
Power Cords ................................................................................................................................ 2-5
208/240/480/600V Power Supplies ............................................................................................. 2-5
200/230/400V Power Supplies .................................................................................................... 2-5
Power Requirements ................................................................................................................... 2-6
Service Manual
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 3 MAINTENANCE .................................................................................... 3-1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................ 3-2
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................ 3-2
Bowl Draining/Filter Element Cleaning ........................................................................................ 3-2
Removal, Cleaning and Replacement of the Cooling Air Filter .................................................... 3-3
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ........................................................................................................ 3-4
THEORY OF OPERATION ................................................................................................................ 3-5
General ........................................................................................................................................ 3-5
Functional Description ................................................................................................................. 3-6
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION ........................................................................................................... 3-7
TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................................................... 3-8
Test Equipment ............................................................................................................................ 3-8
Troubleshooting Procedures ........................................................................................................ 3-8
Visual Inspection - External ......................................................................................................... 3-8
Visual Inspection - Internal .......................................................................................................... 3-9
Resistance Checks .................................................................................................................... 3-10
POWERMAX900 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE ............................................................................ 3-13
Voltage Checks .......................................................................................................................... 3-18
Power Board Test Points ........................................................................................................... 3-22
POWER BOARD .............................................................................................................................. 3-22
CONTROL BOARD .......................................................................................................................... 3-24
Control Board LEDs ................................................................................................................... 3-24
PAC125T TORCH PARTS REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT ......................................................... 3-26
Torch Main Body Removal and Replacement ........................................................................... 3-26
Torch Switch Removal and Replacement .................................................................................. 3-27
PAC125M TORCH PARTS REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT ........................................................ 3-28
Removal .................................................................................................................................... 3-28
Replacement ............................................................................................................................. 3-28
QUICK DISCONNECT O-RING REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT ................................................ 3-30
Section 4
PARTS LIST – 208/240/480V ............................................................. 4-1
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V ..................................................................................................... 4-2
Front ............................................................................................................................................ 4-2
Top and Right Side ...................................................................................................................... 4-4
Bottom and Left Side ................................................................................................................... 4-6
Rear ............................................................................................................................................. 4-8
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts .............................................................. 4-10
POWER SUPPLIES - 208/240/480V, 1F/3F, 60 HZ ......................................................................... 4-10
RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS - POWERMAX900- 208/240/480V ........................................... 4-11
Section 5
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V .............................................................. 5-1
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V ..................................................................................................... 5-2
Front ............................................................................................................................................ 5-2
Top and Right Side ...................................................................................................................... 5-4
Bottom and Left Side ................................................................................................................... 5-6
Rear ............................................................................................................................................. 5-8
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts .............................................................. 5-10
POWER SUPPLIES - 200/230/400V, 1F/3F, 50/60 HZ .................................................................... 5-10
RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS - POWERMAX900- 200/230/400V ........................................... 5-11
iv
Service Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 6
PARTS LIST - 400V CE ...................................................................... 6-1
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE ............................................................................................................. 6-2
Front ............................................................................................................................................ 6-2
Top and Right Side ...................................................................................................................... 6-4
Bottom and Left Side ................................................................................................................... 6-6
Rear ............................................................................................................................................. 6-8
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts .............................................................. 6-10
POWER SUPPLIES - 400V CE, 3F, 50 HZ ...................................................................................... 6-10
RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS - POWERMAX900 400V CE .................................................... 6-11
Section 7
PARTS LIST - TORCHES AND CONSUMABLES ........................... 7-1
PAC125T Torch Assembly and 25 ft (7.6 m) Lead - 083066 ........................................................ 7-2
PAC125T Torch Assembly and 50 ft (15.2 m) Lead - 083067 ...................................................... 7-2
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 14 ft (4.3 m) Lead - 083069 w/pigtail, 083073 no pigtail ........... 7-3
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 25 ft (7.6 m) Lead - 083068 w/pigtail, 083072 no pigtail ........... 7-3
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 35 ft (10.6 m) Lead - 083070 w/pigtail, 083074 no pigtail ......... 7-3
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 50 ft (15.2 m) Lead - 083071 w/pigtail, 083075 no pigtail ......... 7-3
Consumable Parts Kits ................................................................................................................ 7-4
Consumable Spare Parts Kit - CE (128289) ................................................................................ 7-4
Consumable Configurations ........................................................................................................ 7-5
Section 8 Wiring Diagrams ................................................................................. 8-1
Appendix a ........................................................................................................... a-1
AERATION MANIFOLD FOR PLASMA CUTTING ALUMINUM ........................................................ a-1
Introduction .................................................................................................................................. a-1
Making an Aeration Manifold - Figure a-1 .................................................................................... a-1
Appendix b ........................................................................................................... b-1
STANDARDS INDEX ......................................................................................................................... b-1
Appendix c ........................................................................................................... c-1
MACHINE INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................... c-1
Service Manual
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
vi
Service Manual
SAFETY
Section 1
SAFETY
In this section:
Recognize Safety Information ................................................................................1-2
Follow Safety Instructions ...................................................................................... 1-2
Cutting Can Cause Fire or Explosion ..................................................................... 1-2
Electric Shock Can Kill ...........................................................................................1-3
Cutting Can Produce Toxic Fumes .........................................................................1-3
Plasma Arc Can Cause Injury and Burns ...............................................................1-4
Arc Rays Can Burn Eyes and Skin ........................................................................ 1-4
Grounding Safety ...................................................................................................1-4
Compressed Gas Equipment Safety ......................................................................1-5
Gas Cylinders Can Explode if Damaged ................................................................1-5
Noise Can Damage Hearing ..................................................................................1-5
Pacemaker and Hearing Aid Operation ..................................................................1-5
Additional Safety Information ................................................................................. 1-5
Hypertherm Plasma Systems
1-1
8-99
SAFETY
RECOGNIZE SAFETY INFORMATION
The symbols shown in this section are used to identify
potential hazards. When you see a safety symbol in
this manual or on your machine, understand the
potential for personal injury, and follow the related
instructions to avoid the hazard.
FOLLOW SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Read carefully all safety messages in this manual and
safety labels on your machine.
• Keep the safety labels on your machine in good
condition. Replace missing or damaged labels
immediately.
• Learn how to operate the machine and how to use
the controls properly. Do not let anyone operate it
without instruction.
• Keep your machine in proper working condition.
Unauthorized modifications to the machine may
affect safety and machine service life.
DANGER
WARNING
CAUTION
A signal word DANGER or WARNING is used with a
safety symbol. DANGER identifies the most serious
hazards.
• DANGER and WARNING safety labels are located
on your machine near specific hazards.
• WARNING safety messages precede related instructions in this manual that may result in injury or death
if not followed correctly.
• CAUTION safety messages precede related instructions in this manual that may result in damage to
equipment if not followed correctly.
CUTTING CAN CAUSE FIRE OR EXPLOSION
Fire Prevention
• Be sure the area is safe before doing any cutting.
Keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
• Remove all flammables within 35 feet (10 m) of the
cutting area.
• Quench hot metal or allow it to cool before handling
or before letting it touch combustible materials.
• Never cut containers with potentially flammable
materials inside – they must be emptied and
properly cleaned first.
• Ventilate potentially flammable atmospheres before
cutting.
• When cutting with oxygen as the plasma gas, an
exhaust ventilation system is required.
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
Argon-Hydrogen and Methane
Hydrogen and methane are flammable gases that
present an explosion hazard. Keep flames away from
cylinders and hoses that contain methane or hydrogen
mixtures. Keep flames and sparks away from the torch
when using methane or argon-hydrogen plasma.
WARNING
Hydrogen Detonation with Aluminum Cutting
•
Explosion Prevention
• Do not use the plasma system if explosive dust or
vapors may be present.
• Do not cut pressurized cylinders, pipes, or any
closed container.
• Do not cut containers that have held combustible
materials.
1-2
8-99
•
When cutting aluminum underwater, or with the
water touching the underside of the aluminum, free
hydrogen gas may collect under the workpiece and
detonate during plasma cutting operations.
Install an aeration manifold on the floor of the water
table to eliminate the possibility of hydrogen detonation. Refer to the Appendix section of this manual
for aeration manifold details.
Hypertherm Plasma Systems
SAFETY
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL
Touching live electrical parts can cause a fatal shock or
severe burn.
• Operating the plasma system completes an electrical
circuit between the torch and the workpiece. The
workpiece and anything touching the workpiece are
part of the electrical circuit.
• Never touch the torch body, workpiece or the water in
a water table when the plasma system is operating.
Electric Shock Prevention
All Hypertherm plasma systems use high voltage in
the cutting process (200 to 400 VDC are common).
Take the following precautions when operating this
system:
• Wear insulated gloves and boots, and keep your
body and clothing dry.
• Do not stand, sit or lie on – or touch – any wet
surface when using the plasma system.
• Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry
insulating mats or covers big enough to prevent any
physical contact with the work or ground. If you must
work in or near a damp area, use extreme caution.
• Provide a disconnect switch close to the power
supply with properly sized fuses. This switch allows
the operator to turn off the power supply quickly in an
emergency situation.
• When using a water table, be sure that it is correctly
connected to earth ground.
• Install and ground this equipment according to the
instruction manual and in accordance with national
and local codes.
• Inspect the input power cord frequently for damage
or cracking of the cover. Replace a damaged power
cord immediately. Bare wiring can kill.
• Inspect and replace any worn or damaged torch
leads.
• Do not pick up the workpiece, including the waste
cutoff, while you cut. Leave the workpiece in place or
on the workbench with the work cable attached
during the cutting process.
• Before checking, cleaning or changing torch parts,
disconnect the main power or unplug the power
supply.
• Never bypass or shortcut the safety interlocks.
• Before removing any power supply or system enclosure cover, disconnect electrical input power. Wait 5
minutes after disconnecting the main power to allow
capacitors to discharge.
• Never operate the plasma system unless the power
supply covers are in place. Exposed power supply
connections present a severe electrical hazard.
• When making input connections, attach proper
grounding conductor first.
• Each Hypertherm plasma system is designed to be
used only with specific Hypertherm torches. Do not
substitute other torches which could overheat and
present a safety hazard.
CUTTING CAN PRODUCE TOXIC FUMES
Cutting can produce toxic fumes and gases that
deplete oxygen and cause injury or death.
•
•
•
Keep the cutting area well ventilated or use an
approved air-supplied respirator.
Do not cut in locations near degreasing, cleaning or
spraying operations. The vapors from certain
chlorinated solvents decompose to form phosgene
gas when exposed to ultraviolet radiation.
Do not cut metal coated or containing toxic materials, such as zinc (galvanized), lead, cadmium or
Hypertherm Plasma Systems
•
•
beryllium, unless the area is well ventilated and the
operator wears an air-supplied respirator. The
coatings and any metals containing these elements
can produce toxic fumes when cut.
Never cut containers with potentially toxic materials
inside – they must be emptied and properly cleaned
first.
This product, when used for welding or cutting,
produces fumes or gases which contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause birth
defects and, in some cases, cancer.
1-3
8-99
SAFETY
PLASMA ARC CAN CAUSE INJURY AND BURNS
Instant-On Torches
Plasma arc comes on immediately when the torch
switch is activated.
The plasma arc will cut quickly through gloves and
skin.
• Keep away from the torch tip.
• Do not hold metal near the cutting path.
• Never point the torch toward yourself or others.
ARC RAYS CAN BURN EYES AND SKIN
Eye Protection Plasma arc rays produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays that
can burn eyes and skin.
• Use eye protection in accordance with applicable
national or local codes.
• Wear eye protection (safety glasses or goggles with
side shields, or a welding helmet) with appropriate
lens shading to protect your eyes from the arc’s
ultraviolet and infrared rays.
Arc Current
Up to 100 A
100-200 A
200-400 A
Over 400 A
Lens Shade
AWS (USA)
ISO 4850
No. 8
No. 11
No. 10
No. 11-12
No. 12
No. 13
No. 14
No. 14
GROUNDING SAFETY
Work Cable Attach the work cable securely to the
workpiece or the work table with good metal-to-metal
contact. Do not connect it to the piece that will fall away
when the cut is complete.
Work Table Connect the work table to an earth
ground, in accordance with appropriate national or local
electrical codes.
1-4
8-99
Skin Protection Wear protective clothing to protect
against burns caused by ultraviolet light, sparks and
hot metal.
• Gauntlet gloves, safety shoes and hat.
• Flame-retardant clothing to cover all exposed areas.
• Cuffless trousers to prevent entry of sparks and
slag.
• Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter
or matches, from your pockets before cutting.
Cutting Area Prepare the cutting area to reduce
reflection and transmission of ultraviolet light:
• Paint walls and other surfaces with dark colors to
reduce reflection.
• Use protective screens or barriers to protect others
from flash and glare.
• Warn others not to watch the arc. Use placards or
signs.
Input Power
• Be sure to connect the power cord ground wire to
the ground in the disconnect box.
• If installation of the plasma system involves connecting the power cord to the power supply, be sure to
connect the power cord ground wire properly.
• Place the power cord's ground wire on the stud first,
then place any other ground wires on top of the
power cord ground. Fasten the retaining nut tightly.
• Tighten all electrical connections to avoid excessive
heating.
Hypertherm Plasma Systems
SAFETY
COMPRESSED GAS EQUIPMENT SAFETY
• Never lubricate cylinder valves or regulators with oil
or grease.
• Use only correct gas cylinders, regulators, hoses and
fittings designed for the specific application.
• Maintain all compressed gas equipment and associated parts in good condition.
• Label and color-code all gas hoses to identify the
type of gas in each hose. Consult applicable national
or local codes.
GAS CYLINDERS CAN EXPLODE
IF DAMAGED
Gas cylinders contain gas under high pressure. If
damaged, a cylinder can explode.
• Handle and use compressed gas cylinders in accordance with applicable national or local codes.
• Never use a cylinder that is not upright and secured
in place.
• Keep the protective cap in place over valve except
when the cylinder is in use or connected for use.
• Never allow electrical contact between the plasma
arc and a cylinder.
• Never expose cylinders to excessive heat, sparks,
slag or open flame.
• Never use a hammer, wrench or other tool to open a
stuck cylinder valve.
PACEMAKER AND HEARING
AID OPERATION
NOISE CAN DAMAGE HEARING
Prolonged exposure to noise from cutting or gouging
can damage hearing.
• Use approved ear protection when using plasma
system.
• Warn others nearby about the noise hazard.
Pacemaker and hearing aid operation can be affected
by magnetic fields from high currents.
Pacemaker and hearing aid wearers should consult a
doctor before going near any plasma arc cutting and
gouging operations.
To reduce magnetic field hazards:
• Keep both the work cable and the torch lead to one
side, away from your body.
• Route the torch leads as close as possible to the
work cable.
• Do not wrap or drape the torch lead or work cable
around your body.
• Keep as far away from the power supply as possible.
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INFORMATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
ANSI Standard Z49.1, Safety in Welding and Cutting, American
Welding Society, 550 LeJeune Road
P.O. Box 351020, Miami, FL 33135
ANSI Standard Z49.2, Fire Prevention in the Use of Cutting and
Welding Processes, American National Standards Institute
1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018
ANSI Standard Z87.1, Safe Practices for Occupation and
Educational Eye and Face Protection, American National
Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018
AWS F4.1, Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for
Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping That Have Held
Hazardous Substances, American Welding Society
550 LeJeune Road, P.O. Box 351040, Miami, FL 33135
Hypertherm Plasma Systems
AWS F5.2, Recommended Safe Practices for Plasma Arc
Cutting, American Welding Society
550 LeJeune Road, P.O. Box 351040, Miami, FL 33135
6. CGA Pamphlet P-1, Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in
Cylinders, Compressed Gas Association
1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202
7. CSA Standard W117.2, Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting,
Canadian Standards Association Standard Sales
178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario M9W 1R3, Canada
8. NFPA Standard 51B, Cutting and Welding Processes, National
Fire Protection Association
470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210
9. NFPA Standard 70–1978, National Electrical Code, National Fire
Protection Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210
10. OSHA, Safety and Health Standards, 29FR 1910
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
5.
1-5
8-99
SAFETY
1-6
8-99
Hypertherm Plasma Systems
SÉCURITÉ
Section 1a
SÉCURITÉ
Cette section comprend:
IDENTIFIER LES CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ .............................................. 1a-2
SUIVRE LES INSTRUCTIONS DE SÉCURITÉ ...............................................1a-2
LE COUPAGE PEUT PROVOQUER UN INCENDIE OU UNE EXPLOSION .. 1a-2
LES CHOCS ÉLECTRIQUES PEUVENT ÊTRE FATALS ................................ 1a-3
LE COUPAGE PEUT PRODUIRE DES VAPEURS TOXIQUES ...................... 1a-3
L’ARC PLASMA PEUT PROVOQUER DES BLESSURES
OU DES BRÛLURES .......................................................................................1a-4
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC PEUVENT BRÛLER LES YEUX ET LA PEAU ........ 1a-4
MISE À LA MASSE ET À LA TERRE ...............................................................1a-4
SÉCURITÉ DES BOUTEILLES DE GAZ COMPRIMÉ .................................... 1a-5
LES BOUTEILLES DE GAZ COMPRIMÉ PEUVENT EXPLOSER EN CAS DE
DOMMAGES ...............................................................................................1a-5
LE BRUIT PEUT PROVOQUER DES PROBLÈMES AUDITIFS ..................... 1a-5
PACEMAKERS ET PROTHÈSES AUDITIVES ................................................1a-5
HYPERTHERM Systèmes plasma
1a-1
08/99
SÉCURITÉ
IDENTIFIER LES CONSIGNES
DE SÉCURITÉ
Les symboles indiqués dans cette section sont utilisés pour
identifier les risques éventuels. Si vous trouvez un symbole
de sécurité, que ce soit dans ce manuel ou sur
l’équipement, soyez conscient des risques de blessures et
suivez les instructions correspondantes afin d’éviter ces
risques.
SUIVRE LES INSTRUCTIONS
DE SÉCURITÉ
Lire attentivement toutes les consignes de sécurité dans le
présent manuel et sur les étiquettes de sécurité se trouvant
sur la machine.
• Les étiquettes de sécurité doivent rester lisibles.
Remplacer immédiatement les étiquettes manquantes ou
abîmées.
• Apprendre à faire fonctionner la machine et à utiliser
correctement les commandes. Ne laisser personne utiliser
la machine sans connaître son fonctionnement.
• Garder la machine en bon état. Des modifications non
autorisées sur la machine peuvent engendrer des
problèmes de sécurité et raccourcir la durée d’utilisation
de l’équipement.
DANGER AVERTISSEMENT PRÉCAUTION
Les signaux DANGER ou AVERTISSEMENT sont utilisés
avec un symbole de sécurité, DANGER correspondant aux
risques les plus sérieux.
• Les étiquettes de sécurité DANGER et AVERTISSEMENT sont situées sur la machine pour signaler certains
dangers spécifiques.
• Les messages d’AVERTISSEMENT précèdent les
instructions d’utilisation expliquées dans ce manuel et
signalent les risques de blessures ou de mort au cas où
ces instructions ne seraient pas suivies correctement.
• Les messages de PRÉCAUTION précèdent les
instructions d’utilisation contenues dans ce manuel et
signalent que le matériel risque d’être endommagé si les
instructions ne sont pas suivies correctement.
LE COUPAGE PEUT PROVOQUER UN INCENDIE
OU UNE EXPLOSION
Prévention des incendies
• Avant de commencer, s’assurer que la zone de coupage
ne présente aucun danger. Conserver un extincteur à
proximité.
• Éloigner toute matière inflammable à une distance d’au
moins 10 m du poste de coupage.
• Tremper le métal chaud ou le laisser refroidir avant de
le manipuler ou avant de le mettre en contact avec des
matériaux combustibles.
• Ne jamais couper des récipients pouvant contenir des
matières inflammables avant de les avoir vidés et
nettoyés correctement.
• Aérer toute atmosphère potentiellement inflammable
avant d’utiliser un système plasma.
• Lors de l’utilisation d’oxygène comme gaz plasma, un
système de ventilation par aspiration est nécessaire.
Prévention des explosions
• Ne pas couper en présence de poussière ou de vapeurs.
• Ne pas couper de bouteilles, de tuyaux ou autres
récipients fermés et pressurisés.
• Ne pas couper de récipients contenant des matières
combustibles.
1a-2
08/99
AVERTISSEMENT
Risque d’explosion
Argon-hydrogène et méthane
L’hydrogène et le méthane sont des gaz inflammables et
potentiellement explosifs. Conserver à l’écart de toute
flamme les bouteilles et tuyaux contenant des mélanges à
base d’hydrogène ou de méthane. Maintenir toute flamme
et étincelle à l’écart de la torche lors de l’utilisation d’un
plasma d’argon-hydrogène ou de méthane.
AVERTISSEMENT
Détonation de l’hydrogène lors du
coupage de l’aluminium
• Lors du coupage de l’aluminium sous l’eau, ou si l’eau
touche la partie inférieure de la pièce d’aluminium, de
l’hydrogène libre peut s’accumuler sous la pièce à couper
et détonner lors du coupage plasma.
• Installer un collecteur d’aération au fond de la table à eau
afin d’éliminer les risques de détonation de l’hydrogène.
Se référer à l’annexe du manuel pour plus de
renseignements sur les collecteurs d’aération.
HYPERTHERM Systèmes plasma
SÉCURITÉ
LES CHOCS ÉLECTRIQUES PEUVENT ÊTRE FATALS
Toucher une pièce électrique sous tension peut provoquer
un choc électrique fatal ou des brûlures graves.
• La mise en fonctionnement du système plasma ferme un
circuit électrique entre la torche et la pièce à couper. La
pièce à couper et tout autre élément en contact avec cette
pièce font partie du circuit électrique.
• Ne jamais toucher le corps de la torche, la pièce à couper
ou l’eau de la table à eau pendant le fonctionnement du
système plasma.
Prévention des chocs électriques
Tous les systèmes plasma Hypertherm utilisent des hautes
tensions pour le coupage (souvent de 200 à 400 V).On doit
prendre les précautions suivantes quand on utilise le
système plasma :
• Porter des bottes et des gants isolants et garder le corps
et les vêtements au sec.
• Ne pas se tenir, s’asseoir ou se coucher sur une surface
mouillée, ni la toucher quand on utilise le système
plasma.
• S’isoler de la surface de travail et du sol en utilisant des
tapis isolants secs ou des couvertures assez grandes
pour éviter tout contact physique avec le travail ou le sol.
S’il s’avère nécessaire de travailler dans ou près d’un
endroit humide, procéder avec une extrême prudence.
• Installer un sectionneur avec fusibles appropriés, à
proximité de la source de courant. Ce dispositif permet à
l’opérateur d’arrêter rapidement la source de courant en
cas d’urgence.
• En cas d’utilisation d’une table à eau, s’assurer que cette
dernière est correctement mise à la terre.
• Installer et mettre à la terre l’équipement selon les
instructions du présent manuel et conformément aux
codes électriques locaux et nationaux.
• Inspecter fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation primaire
pour s’assurer qu’il n’est ni endommagé, ni fendu.
Remplacer immédiatement un cordon endommagé. Un
câble dénudé peut tuer.
• Inspecter et remplacer les câbles de la torche qui sont
usés ou endommagés.
• Ne pas saisir la pièce à couper ni les chutes lors du
coupage. Laisser la pièce à couper en place ou sur la
table de travail, le câble de retour connecté lors du
coupage.
• Avant de vérifier, de nettoyer ou de remplacer les pièces
de la torche, couper l’alimentation ou débrancher la prise
de courant.
• Ne jamais contourner ou court-circuiter les verrouillages
de sécurité.
• Avant d’enlever le capot du système ou de la source de
courant, couper l’alimentation électrique. Attendre ensuite
5 minutes pour que les condensateurs se déchargent.
• Ne jamais faire fonctionner le système plasma sans que
les capots de la source de courant ne soient en place.
Les raccords exposés de la source de courant sont
extrêmement dangereux.
• Lors de l’installation des connexions, attacher tout d’abord
la prise de terre appropriée.
• Chaque système plasma Hypertherm est conçu pour être
utilisé uniquement avec des torches Hypertherm
spécifiques. Ne pas utiliser des torches inappropriées qui
pourraient surchauffer et présenter des risques pour la
sécurité.
LE COUPAGE PEUT PRODUIRE DES VAPEURS TOXIQUES
Le coupage peut produire des vapeurs et des gaz toxiques
qui réduisent le niveau d’oxygène dans l’air et peuvent
provoquer des blessures, voire la mort.
• Conserver le poste de coupage bien aéré ou utiliser un
masque respiratoire homologué.
• Ne pas procéder au coupage près d’endroits où
s’effectuent le dégraissage, le nettoyage ou la
vaporisation. Certains solvants chlorés se décomposent
sous l’effet des rayons ultraviolets et forment du
phosgène.
HYPERTHERM Systèmes plasma
• Ne pas couper des métaux peints ou contenant des
matières toxiques comme le zinc (galvanisé), le plomb, le
cadmium ou le béryllum, à moins que la zone de travail
soit très bien ventilée et que l’opérateur porte un masque
respiratoire. Les revêtements et métaux contenant ces
matières peuvent produire des vapeurs toxiques lors du
coupage.
• Ne jamais couper de récipients pouvant contenir des
matières inflammables avant de les avoir vidés et
nettoyés correctement.
1a-3
08/99
SÉCURITÉ
L’ARC PLASMA PEUT PROVOQUER DES BLESSURES OU DES BRÛLURES
Torches à allumage instantané
L’arc plasma s’allume immédiatement après que la torche
soit mise en marche.
L’arc plasma coupe facilement les gants et la peau.
• Rester éloigné de l’extrémité de la torche.
• Ne pas tenir de métal près de la trajectoire de coupe.
• Ne jamais pointer la torche vers soi ou d’autres
personnes.
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC PEUVENT BRÛLER LES YEUX ET LA PEAU
Protection des yeux Les rayons de l’arc plasma
produisent de puissants rayons visibles ou invisibles
(ultraviolets et infrarouges) qui peuvent brûler les yeux et la
peau.
• Utiliser des lunettes de sécurité conformément aux codes
locaux ou nationaux en vigueur.
• Porter des lunettes de protection (lunettes ou masque
muni d’écrans latéraux ou encore masque de soudure)
avec des verres teintés appropriés pour protéger les yeux
des rayons ultraviolets et infrarouges de l’arc.
Courant de l’arc
Jusqu’à 100 A
100-200 A
200-400 A
Plus de 400 A
Puissance des verres teintés
AWS (É.-U.)
ISO 4850
No 8
No 11
No 10
No 11-12
No 12
No 13
No 14
No 14
Protection de la peau Porter des vêtements de sécurité
pour se protéger contre les brûlures que peuvent causer les
rayons ultraviolets, les étincelles et le métal brûlant :
MISE À LA MASSE ET À LA TERRE
Câble de retour Bien fixer le câble de retour (ou de
masse) à la pièce à couper ou à la table de travail de façon
à assurer un bon contact métal-métal. Ne pas fixer le câble
de retour à la partie de la pièce qui doit se détacher.
Table de travail Raccorder la table de travail à la terre,
conformément aux codes de sécurité locaux ou nationaux
appropriés.
1a-4
08/99
• Gants à crispin, chaussures et casque de sécurité.
• Vêtements ignifuges couvrant toutes les parties exposées
du corps.
• Pantalon sans revers pour éviter que des étincelles ou
des scories puissent s’y loger.
• Avant le coupage, retirer de ses poches tout objet
combustible comme les briquets au butane ou les
allumettes.
Zone de coupage Préparer la zone de coupage afin de
réduire la réverbération et la transmission de la lumière
ultraviolette :
• Peindre les murs et autres surfaces de couleur sombre
pour réduire la réflexion de la lumière.
• Utiliser des écrans et autres dispositifs de protection afin
de protéger les autres personnes de la lumière et de la
réverbération.
• Prévenir les autres personnes de ne pas regarder l’arc.
Utiliser des affiches ou des panneaux.
Alimentation
• S’assurer que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est
connecté à la terre dans le coffret du sectionneur.
• S’il est nécessaire de brancher le cordon d’alimentation à
la source de courant lors de l’installation du système,
s’assurer que le fil de terre est correctement branché.
• Placer tout d’abord le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation
sur le plot de mise à la terre puis placer les autres fils de
terre par-dessus. Bien serrer l’écrou de retenue.
• S’assurer que toutes les connexions sont bien serrées
pour éviter la surchauffe.
HYPERTHERM Systèmes plasma
SÉCURITÉ
SÉCURITÉ DES BOUTEILLES DE GAZ
COMPRIMÉ
• Ne jamais lubrifier les robinets des bouteilles ou les
régulateurs avec de l’huile ou de la graisse.
• Utiliser uniquement les bouteilles, régulateurs, tuyaux et
accessoires appropriés et conçus pour chaque application
spécifique.
• Entretenir l’équipement et les pièces d’équipement à gaz
comprimé afin de les garder en bon état.
• Étiqueter et coder avec des couleurs tous les tuyaux de
gaz afin d’identifier le type de gaz contenu dans chaque
tuyau. Se référer aux codes locaux ou nationaux en
vigueur.
LE BRUIT PEUT PROVOQUER DES
PROBLÈMES AUDITIFS
Une exposition prolongée au bruit du coupage ou du
gougeage peut provoquer des problèmes auditifs.
• Utiliser un casque de protection homologué lors de
l’utilisation du système plasma.
• Prévenir les personnes aux alentours des risques
encourus en cas d’exposition au bruit.
LES BOUTEILLES DE GAZ
COMPRIMÉ PEUVENT EXPLOSER
EN CAS DE DOMMAGES
Les bouteilles de gaz contiennent du gaz à haute pression.
Si une bouteille est endommagée, elle peut exploser.
• Manipuler et utiliser les bouteilles de gaz comprimé
conformément aux codes locaux ou nationaux.
• Ne jamais utiliser une bouteille qui n’est pas placée à la
verticale et bien assujettie.
• Le capuchon de protection doit être placé sur le robinet
sauf si la bouteille est en cours d’utilisation ou connectée
pour utilisation.
• Éviter à tout prix le contact électrique entre l’arc plasma et
une bouteille.
• Ne jamais exposer des bouteilles à une chaleur
excessive, aux étincelles, aux scories ou aux flammes
nues.
• Ne jamais utiliser des marteaux, des clés ou d’autres
outils pour débloquer le robinet des bouteilles.
PACEMAKERS ET
PROTHÈSES AUDITIVES
Les champs magnétiques produits par les courants à haute
tension peuvent affecter le fonctionnement des prothèses
auditives et des pacemakers. Les personnes portant ce
type d’appareil doivent consulter un médecin avant de
s’approcher d’un lieu où s’effectue le coupage ou le
gougeage plasma.
Pour réduire les risques associés aux champs
magnétiques :
• Garder loin de soi et du même côté du corps le câble de
retour et le faisceau de la torche.
• Faire passer le faisceau de la torche le plus près possible
du câble de retour.
• Ne pas s’enrouler le faisceau de la torche ou le câble de
retour autour du corps.
• Se tenir le plus loin possible de la source de courant.
HYPERTHERM Systèmes plasma
1a-5
08/99
SÉCURITÉ
1a-6
08/99
HYPERTHERM Systèmes plasma
SPECIFICATIONS
Section 2
SPECIFICATIONS
In this section:
Introduction ...................................................................................................... 2-2
Specifications ................................................................................................... 2-3
Power Supply .............................................................................................. 2-3
PAC125 Torches............................................................................................... 2-4
PAC125T Hand Torch Assembly.................................................................. 2-4
PAC125M Machine Torch Assembly ............................................................ 2-4
S Mark ........................................................................................................ 2-5
Setup Specifications ......................................................................................... 2-5
Power Cord Plugs ........................................................................................ 2-5
Power Cords ................................................................................................ 2-5
208/240/480/600V Power Supplies ............................................................. 2-5
200/230/400V Power Supplies .................................................................... 2-5
Power Requirements ................................................................................... 2-6
Service Manual
2-1
SPECIFICATIONS
INTRODUCTION
The Powermax900 plasma cutting system uses an inverter power supply to provide a smooth DC output voltage,
producing excellent cut and gouge quality on mild steel, stainless steel, aluminum and other metals. The
Powermax900 power supply provides constant-current output variable from 20 to 55 amps, for optimum
performance on all thicknesses of metal up to 5/8" (16 mm) thick. At 55 amps, the Powermax900 can also cut
metals up to 7/8" (22 mm) thick and will sever metals up to 1-1/8"
(29 mm) thick.
Air is the primary plasma gas, providing low operating cost combined with high-speed performance. Cylinder air or
shop air can be used as long as it is clean, dry and oil-free. When properly set and maintained, the pressure
regulator and gas filter on the power supply ensure that the correct pressure and flow rate is supplied to the
system at the proper quantity and quality. The Powermax900 can also cut with nitrogen when extended electrode
life is a priority.
This service manual provides information for qualified service technicians to troubleshoot and repair the power
supply and torch. Sections 4, 5 and 6 contain in-depth parts lists of the Powermax900 systems. This manual also
provides a detailed list of safety practices, so that the system can be safely tested and maintained. READ THE
SAFETY SECTION (Section 1) FIRST!
The Powermax900 operator manual provides setup and daily operating instructions.
Figure 2-1 Powermax900 Hand Plasma Cutting System*
* Single-phase 208/240/480V power supply shown.
2-2
Service Manual
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Power Supply
Rated Open Circuit Voltage (OCV) (U0) ........................ 300 VDC
Rated Output Current (I2) .............................................. 20–55 amps
Rated Output Voltage (U2) ............................................ 120 VDC
Duty Cycle (X) @ 40°C ................................................. 50% (I2=55A, U2=120V)
100% (I2=39A, U2=120V for the 208/240/480V power
supplies) See data tag on power
supply for more information on duty cycle.
Ambient temperature/duty cycle .................................... Power supplies will operate between +14° and
104° F (-10° and +40° C). Power supplies
operated in an ambient temperature above 86° F
(30° C) may show some decrease in duty cycle.
Apparent Input Power (S1) ............................................ 12.5kVA (U1I1)
Input Voltage (U1)/Input Current (I1)
@ 6.6 kw Output ........................................................... 208V/55A; 240V/47A; 480V/28A - 1φ, 50/60 Hz
208V/32A; 240V/28A; 480V/15A - 3φ, 50/60 Hz
200V/57A; 230V/50A; 400V/33A - 1φ, 50/60 Hz
200V/33A; 230V/29A; 400V/18A - 3φ, 50/60 Hz
230V (CE)/29A; 400V (CE)/18A - 3φ, 50/60 Hz
600V/12A - 3φ, 60 Hz
Dimensions and Weight:
Depth ............................................................................. 23.1" (590 mm)
Width ............................................................................. 10.4" (260 mm) without wheels
15.3" (390 mm) with wheels
Height ............................................................................19.6" (500 mm) without wheels
23.7" (620 mm) with wheels
27.7" (700 mm) for 600V power supply
10.4"
23.1"
19.6"
Figure 2-2 Powermax900 Power Supply with Dimensions
Service Manual
2-3
10-98
SPECIFICATIONS
Weight ........................................................................... 65 pounds (30 kg) without wheels
72 pounds (33 kg) with wheels
128 pounds (58 kg) for 600V and 230V-CE
power supplies
Gas Type ....................................................................... Air or Nitrogen
Gas Quality, Air ............................................................. Clean, dry, oil-free
Gas Quality, Nitrogen .................................................... 99.995% pure
Gas Inlet Pressure ........................................................ 90 psi (6.2 bar)
Gas Flow ....................................................................... 360 scfh/6 scfm at 90 psi (170 l/min at
6.2 bar) supplied to power supply pressure
regulator
Power Supply pressure regulator setting ...................... 70 psi (4.8 bar) flowing
PAC125 TORCHES
Maximum 55A Cutting Capacity (PAC125T) ................. 7/8" (22 mm) @ 50% duty cycle
Maximum 55A Cutting Capacity (PAC125M) ................ 1/2" (13 mm) @ 50% duty cycle
Maximum 39A Cutting Capacity (PAC125M) ................ 3/8" (9.5 mm) @ 100% duty cycle
Maximum current at 50% duty cycle ............................. 55 amps
Gouging Capability (metal removal rate) ....................... 6.3 pounds (2.9 kg)/hr
Weight PAC125T ..........................................................4.5 pounds (2 kg) with 25 ft (7.6 m) lead
7 pounds (3.2 kg) with 50 ft (15 m) lead
Weight PAC125M ..........................................................7 pounds (3.2 kg) with 25 ft (7.6 m) lead
9.5 pounds (4.3 kg) with 50 ft (15 m) lead
PAC125T Hand Torch Assembly
8.72"
8.50"
PAC125T
1.58"
3.10"
1.00"
Figure 2-3 PAC125T Torch with Dimensions
PAC125M Machine Torch Assembly
15.06"
1.00"
1.38"
Figure 2-4 PAC125M Torch with Dimensions
2-4
Service Manual
SPECIFICATIONS
S MARK
The Powermax900 conforms to
standard EN50192. The S mark indicates that the power supply and
torch are suitable for use in environments with increased hazard of electrical shock. The hand torches must have
shielded consumable parts to maintain S mark compliance.
SETUP SPECIFICATIONS
Power Cord Plugs
All 208/240/480V power supplies are shipped with a single-phase power cord and plug. To operate as a threephase unit, the user must obtain a power cord and plug that is certified by national or local electrical codes. The plug
should be connected to the power cord by a licensed electrician.
All 200/230/400V and 400V CE power supplies are shipped with a three-phase power cord and no plug. The
user must obtain a plug that is certified by national or local electrical codes. The plug should be connected to the
power cord by a licensed electrician.
Power Cords
If the power cord needs to be changed, use the tables below to choose the proper wire size for the appropriate length
cord. Note that the input current used to determine the cord size is I1eff. In the U.S., use a 3-conductor SO type cord
for single-phase, and a 4-conductor SO type cord for three-phase power supplies. In other countries, use cords that
are certified by national or local codes. Prepare the power cord wires as shown in Fig. 2-5 for non-CE power
supplies, or Fig. 2-6 for CE power supplies. Note that all 4 wires must loop through the toroid in the CE power supply.
Cap or tin the conductor leads and use a #10 terminal on the ground wire. The cord should be installed only by a
licensed electrician.
208/240/480/600V Power Supplies
Input
208 VAC
240 VAC
480 VAC
208 VAC
240 VAC
480 VAC
600 VAC
Phase
1
1
1
3
3
3
3
Input
Current (I1eff)
39A
33A
19A
23A
20A
10A
8A
< 10 ft
8
8
12
8
10
12
12
Recommended Power Cord Gauge Size (AWG)
Voltage
10 – 25 ft
25 – 50 ft
50 – 100 ft
100 – 150 ft
8
6
4
4
8
8
6
4
12
12
10
8
8
8
6
4
10
10
8
6
12
12
12
10
12
12
12
10
<3m
10
6
4
4
2.5
2.5
Recommended Power Cord Gauge Size (mm2)
3 – 7.5 m
7.5 – 15 m
15 – 30 m
30 – 45 m
10
16
25
25
6
10
16
25
4
4
6
10
4
6
16
25
4
6
10
16
2.5
2.5
4
6
200/230/400V Power Supplies
Input
Voltage
200 VAC
230 VAC
400 VAC
200 VAC
230 VAC
400 VAC
Phase
1
1
1
3
3
3
Input
Current (I1eff)
40A
35A
23A
23A
21A
13A
Service Manual
2-5
SPECIFICATIONS
4.5" (114 mm)
3.5" (89 mm)
4.75" (120 mm)
3.75" (95 mm)
L1
L2
L1
L2
0.5" (13 mm)
L3
L3
#10
#10
Ground
All wires 1 turn
through 109068 toroid.
Ground
Figure 2-5 Power Cord Preparation - Non-CE
Figure 2-6 Power Cord Preparation - CE
Power Requirements
Line Voltage Disconnect Box
Use a line disconnect box for each power supply. This disconnect box allows the operator to turn the
power supply off quickly in an emergency situation. The switch should be located on a wall near the
power supply, and should be easily accessible to the operator. The interrupt level of the switch must be
equal to or exceed the continuous rating of the fuses. Use slow-blow fuses according to the power
requirements listed below.
2-6
Input
Voltage
Input Current
@ 6.6 kw Output
Recommended
Slow-Blow Fuse Size
Phase
200 VAC
208 VAC
230 VAC
240 VAC
400 VAC
480 VAC
1
1
1
1
1
1
57 amps
55 amps
50 amps
47 amps
33 amps
28 amps
70 amp
70 amp
70 amp
60 amp
40 amp
35 amp
200 VAC
208 VAC
230 VAC
230 VAC (CE)
240 VAC
400 VAC
400 VAC (CE)
480 VAC
600 VAC
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
33 amps
32 amps
29 amps
31 amps
28 amps
18 amps
18 amps
15 amps
12 amps
40 amp
40 amp
35 amp
40 amp
35 amp
25 amp
25 amp
20 amp
20 amp
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Section 3 MAINTENANCE
In this section:
Introduction .......................................................................................... 3-2
Routine Maintenance ........................................................................... 3-2
Bowl Draining/Filter Element Cleaning ............................................ 3-2
Removal, Cleaning and Replacement of Cooling Air Filter .............. 3-3
Controls and Indicators ........................................................................ 3-4
Theory of Operation ............................................................................. 3-5
Sequence of Operation ........................................................................ 3-7
Troubleshooting.................................................................................... 3-8
Test Equipment ................................................................................ 3-8
Troubleshooting Procedures............................................................ 3-8
Visual Inspection - External ............................................................. 3-8
Visual Inspection - Internal .............................................................. 3-9
Resistance Checks ........................................................................ 3-10
Powermax900 Troubleshooting Guide ............................................... 3-13
Voltage Checks .............................................................................. 3-18
Power Board ...................................................................................... 3-22
Control Board ..................................................................................... 3-24
Control Board LEDs....................................................................... 3-24
PAC125T Torch Parts Removal and Replacement ............................ 3-26
Torch Main Body Removal and Replacement ............................... 3-26
Torch Switch Removal and Replacement ...................................... 3-27
PAC125M Torch Parts Removal and Replacement............................ 3-28
Removal ........................................................................................ 3-28
Replacement ................................................................................. 3-28
Quick Disconnect O-Ring Removal and Replacement ...................... 3-30
Service Manual
3-1
MAINTENANCE
INTRODUCTION
This section provides service technicians with routine maintenance, theory of operation and
troubleshooting of the power supply. Also included in this section is the sequence of operation,
power board and control board test points, and the removal and replacement procedures for the
PAC125T trigger torch and PAC125M machine torch parts.
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
Bowl Draining/Filter Element Cleaning
Moisture coming out of the torch can cause the torch to sputter and hiss. If there is moisture, purge
the lines. If moisture builds up in the bowl of the filter at the rear of the power supply, drain the bowl
and clean the filter element:
1. Shut the gas supply off and disconnect the gas supply hose from the filter assembly
before proceeding.
2. Remove the cap at the bottom of the filter bowl and turn the knurled drain valve to the right to
release water from the bowl.
Gas supply hose
connection
Filter element
Filter Bowl
Cap
Figure 3-1 Filter Assembly
3. Unscrew the filter bowl.
4. Unscrew the filter element. See Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts in
Section 4 for part number information.
5. Clean filter element with alcohol, then blow out with air from the inside of the filter element.
Clean the bowl with household soap only.
6. Replace the filter element and filter bowl.
7. Reconnect the gas supply hose.
3-2
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Removal, Cleaning and Replacement of the Cooling Air Filter
Powermax900 systems are normally shipped without air filters. If your Powermax900 has the air filter
option, it will need periodic cleaning. Excessively dirty or dusty environments can block the cooling
air filter (if installed) and cause the power supply to overheat and shut down.
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD: Always turn off power and unplug cord from wall and wait 5
minutes before removing any power supply cover. If power supply is directly connected to a line disconnect switch, place line disconnect switch to OFF position. In
the U.S., use a "lock-out / tag-out" procedure until the service or maintenance work is
complete. In other countries, follow appropriate local or national safety procedures.
1. Turn the Powermax900 power switch to the OFF (0) position, unplug the power cable
from the wall receptacle and disconnect the gas supply.
2. Remove the screws that secure the power supply cover to the chassis.
3. Remove the cover, and remove the cooling air filter from the clips by sliding the filter to the
left and then up - Fig. 3-2. See Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts in
Section 4 for part number information.
Cooling Air Filter
Figure 3-2 Air Filter Removal
4. Clean the air filter with either soap and water or with low pressure compressed air.
5. Replace the dry filter in the power unit with the wire mesh facing the fan.
6. Replace and re-fasten the power supply cover with the existing screws.
Service Manual
3-3
MAINTENANCE
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
•
Green POWER ON LED
When illuminated, indicates that all control circuits are activated, the torch safety interlock is
satisfied and the system is ready for operation.
•
Green LINE VOLTAGE LED
When illuminated green, indicates that the AC line voltage is within proper operating limits. If
disabled, (white) or if illuminated or blinking any other color, see Basic Troubleshooting in
Section 5 of Powermax900 Operator manual 803080.
•
Yellow TEMP LED
When illuminated, indicates that the power supply temperature has exceeded operating limits.
•
Green GAS PRESSURE LED
When illuminated, indicates that the gas pressure is within operating limits.
•
GAS TEST Switch
When pushed in, allows the operator to view and adjust the pressure setting.
•
AMPS Output Adjustment Knob
Adjusts output current between 20 and 55 amps.
•
Pressure Regulator
Regulates input gas pressure to power supply.
•
Pressure Gauge
Indicates gas pressure at power supply.
•
ON (I)/OFF (0) Power Switch
Activates the power supply and its control circuits.
ON (I)/OFF (0) Power Switch
LINE
VOLTAGE
GAS
TEMP PRESSURE
POWER
ON
AMPS
Pressure Gauge
Pressure Regulator
Figure 3-3
3-4
9-99
GAS
TEST
Powermax900 Controls and Indicators
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
THEORY OF OPERATION
General
The Powermax900 is a multi-voltage, multi-phase power supply. The two inverter inputs are linked in
parallel for 208 or 240V on the 208/240/480V units, and for 200 or 230V on the 200/230/400V units.
The inverters are linked in series for 480V on the 208/240/480V units, and for 400V on the 200/230/
400V units. The inverter links are located in the link box, behind the rear panel at TB3. See
Figs. 3-4, 3-5, 3-6. The 400V CE power supply does not have a link box.
TB2
Figure 3-4 200V or 208V
Configuration
TB3
Black
White
Red
White
Black
TB2
Figure 3-5 230V or 240V
Configuration
White
Red
White
Black
TB2
3φ
1φ
3φ
3φ
1φ
3φ
1φ
3φ
TB3
Black
White
Service Manual
1φ
TB3
Black
Figure 3-6 400V or 480V
Configuration
3φ
Red
White
Black
3φ
1φ
3φ
1φ
3φ
3-5
MAINTENANCE
Functional Description
Refer to block diagram 3-7, and the system wiring diagram. See Parts List Sections 4, 5 or 6: to
identify system components referenced in this description.
AC power enters power switch S1 from terminal block TB1. The MOV and filter capacitor block
MOV1 provides spike and noise suppression. A "soft start" is implemented via power board resistors
R1 and R2 and relay RL1, and the main contactor CR1. Once the capacitors on the power board are
charged up and incoming power is within limits, the control board turns on the main contactor. Diode
bridge D1 rectifies the AC to DC. The DC voltage is then supplied to the inverters.
Each inverter consists of several components: an isolated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT - Q1 or Q2), a
coil of the power transformer (T2), a current sense transformer (CS1 or CS2), and sections of the
power board. The inverters operate as a pulse width modulator controlled half-bridge circuit. The
inverters are capacitor fed and transformer coupled, switching at 20 KHZ. The inverter outputs are
connected in series, and are rectified by output diodes D2 and D3.
The output circuitry consists of a current sensor CS4 and transfer sensor CS3 located on the control
board, pilot arc relay CR2, and output inductor L1.
The feedback loop operates as follows: The amp adjust pot P1 is first set to the desired value.
Current sensor CS4 measures the actual output current and compares it at the error amplifier with the
user-set current setting. The error amplifier output is an analog indication of how wide the pulse width
should be to maintain the current setting. The error amplifier output is then fed to the pulse width
modulator chip PWM. The pulse width modulator sends the signal to the gate drive board
transformers, and the gate drive boards in turn drive the inverter IGBTs Q1 and Q2.
AC In TB1
S1
D1
CR1
+
–
INVERTER 1
MOV1
Current
Sensor
CS4
(Q1, CS1, T2
Power PCB)
R1,R2,
RL1
Power
PCB
Control PCB
Work
+
T2
D2, D3
TB3
–
RC Filter
PowerPCB
CR2
INVERTER 2
Nozzle
(Q2, CS2, T2
Power PCB)
TB2
Xfer
Sensor
CS3
Control
Xfrmr
T1
L1
Torch
Filter/
Pressure
Switch PS1 Regulator
T2
Solenoid
V1
Fan
M1
Gas/Air
Supply
Gate Drive Xfrmr
on Q1
Gate Drive Xfrmr
on Q2
–
Control PCB
Power On
LED
Line
Voltage
LED
Temp
LED
Gas
Pressure
LED
PWM
Error
Amp.
+
P1
Torch Start
Gas Test
Switch
Cap Sensor
Figure 3-7
3-6
Single-Phase, 200/208/230/240 Block DIagram
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
Shaded boxes represent operator action. Clear boxes represent results from operator action.
System off
•
•
•
•
Connect torch and lead assembly
Connect gas supply to filter-regulator on power unit
Apply power at line voltage disconnect box.
Set power circuit breaker S1 to ON (1).
Within five seconds, TEMP LED turns off indicating the
transformer temperature is within operating limits.
Fan M1 operates and POWER, LINE VOLTAGE, and GAS
PRESSURE LEDs illuminate indicating system is ready for
operation.
• Push and hold GAS TEST switch to
check air pressure.
Gas solenoid valve V1 opens to
purge system and to allow setting
of pressure.
• Connect work cable to workpiece and
position torch on workpiece.
• Depress plasma start switch on hand
torch or remote start switch for machine
torch.
Pilot arc relay CR2 closes and pilot arc
current starts.
.
Current flows to nozzle.
Gas solenoid valve V1 opens and gas flows.
Pilot arc is sensed.
Cutting arc transfers to workpiece.
Pilot arc relay CR2 opens and pilot arc stops.
• Release GAS TEST switch.
• Move torch to make cut. Workpiece
falls away after cut.
Gas solenoid valve V1
closes. Gas flow stops.
Arc extinguishes when trigger
is released. Post flow
continues for 6-10 seconds.
• Select cutting current with AMPS knob.
Gas solenoid V1 closes - gas
flow stops
Power circuits ready.
Service Manual
3-7
2-00
MAINTENANCE
TROUBLESHOOTING
The troubleshooting procedures include the Troubleshooting Guide, Resistance Checks and the
Voltage Checks.
The complexity of the circuits require that service technicians have a working knowledge of inverter
power supply theory. In addition to being technically qualified, technicians must perform all testing
with safety in mind.
If questions or problems arise during servicing, call the Hypertherm Technical Services Department at
1 800 643 9878, or email Technical Services at: - [email protected]
Test Equipment
•
Multimeter
Troubleshooting Procedures
Maintenance of the Powermax900 power supply consists of performing visual inspection and troubleshooting procedures.
•
Refer to the system wiring diagram when performing the checkout procedures.
•
To locate power supply components refer to Sections 4, 5 or 6. Refer to Section 7 for torch
components.
•
After the problem has been located and repaired, refer to the Sequence of Operation flow
diagram in this section to test the power unit for proper operation.
Visual Inspection - External
1. Inspect the outside of the power supply for damage to the cover and external components.
2. Inspect the torch and the torch lead for damage.
3-8
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Visual Inspection - Internal
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD: Always turn off power and unplug cord from wall and
wait 5 minutes before removing any cover of the power supply. If power
supply is directly connected to a line disconnect box, place line disconnect switch to OFF position. In the U.S., use a "lock-out / tag-out" procedure until the service or maintenance work is complete. In other countries, follow appropriate national or local safety procedures.
If power is required for servicing, be aware that dangerous voltages exist
within the power supply which could cause serious injury or death. If
questions or problems arise during servicing, call the Hypertherm Technical Services department at 1-800-643-9878.
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD: Do not attempt repairs on the power board or control
board. Do not in any way cut away or remove the protective conformal
coating from either board. To do so will risk a short between the AC input
circuit to the output circuit and may cause serious injury or death.
The power supply and PC boards are subjected to dielectric and insulation resistance tests per applicable CSA and IEC standards for the safety
of the operator and service technicians.
Removal of the protective conformal coatings and other unauthorized
repairs to the PC boards will void the warranty.
If questions or problems arise during servicing, call the Hypertherm Technical Services department at 1-800-643-9878.
Service Manual
3-9
MAINTENANCE
1. Set the Powermax900 power switch to O (off), unplug the power cord, and disconnect the
gas supply.
2. Remove the cover of the power supply by removing the securing screws.
3. Visually inspect the inside of the power supply, especially on the side with the power board
(see Figure 4-3). Look for broken or loose wiring connections, burn and char marks,
damaged components, etc. Repair or replace as necessary.
Resistance Checks
All resistance values in this section were taken with the power cord disconnected, all internal
power supply wires attached, and with the torch unplugged. Perform Visual Inspection Internal before continuing in this section.
•
If your resistance values are not close to the values given in this section, isolate the problem
by removing wires attached to the resistance check points or component until the problem is
found.
•
After the problem has been located and repaired, refer to the Sequence of Operation flow
diagram in this section to test the power unit for proper operation.
Resistance Check #1 - Fig. 3-8
•
Input to Chassis
Inputs to the chassis are open (greater than 50MΩ).
•
Output to Chassis
Outputs to the chassis are open (greater than 50MΩ).
> 50MΩ
> 50MΩ
> 50MΩ
> 50MΩ
> 50MΩ
Figure 3-8 Resistance Check #1 - Input to Chassis, Output to Chassis
3-10
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Resistance Check #2 - Fig. 3-9
•
Across Input DIode Bridge
Take measurements placing the + multimeter lead to wire 14 or 13, and the – multimeter lead
to all other wires.
8
(32 on 400V CE)
14
11
13
12
From Wire
(+ meter lead)
To Wire
(– meter lead)
Resistance
(in MegOhms)
14
8
(32 on 400V CE)
0.7 - 0.9
14
11
0.7 - 0.9
14
12
0.7 - 0.9
13
8
(32 on 400V CE)
0.7 - 0.9
13
11
0.7 - 0.9
13
12
0.7 - 0.9
Figure 3-9 Resistance Check #2 - Across Input Diode Bridge
Service Manual
3-11
MAINTENANCE
Resistance Check #3 - Fig. 3-10
•
Across Output DIode Bridge
Take 2 output diode bridge measurements.
First, place the + multimeter lead on wire 29 and the – multimeter lead on wire 30.
Next, place the – multimeter lead on wire 29 and the + multimeter lead on wire 30.
Values are shown below.
29
+
29
–
3.5KΩ
1.7KΩ
30
–
30
+
Figure 3-10 Resistance Check #3 - Across Output Diode Bridge
If no problems were found during the initial resistance checks and the power supply still does not
operate correctly, follow the Troubleshooting Guide.
Note: In the Troubleshooting Guide are "best-guess" solutions. Study the system wiring diagram and
understand the theory of operation before troubleshooting. Before purchasing a major replacement
component, check with Hypertherm's Technical Service group at 1 800 643 9878 or the nearest
Hypertherm repair facility.
3-12
Service Manual
Input voltage greater than +15%
Possible Problem
3.1 Verify that input voltage is correct.
3.2 Verify proper configuration in the link box - see page 3-5 for proper
connections.
2.1 Verify that the torch lead assembly is properly installed into the
power supply quick disconnect receptacle.
2.2 Verify that consumables are installed properly.
2.3 Loosen the torch retaining cap and then retighten. Listen for the
microswitch to click. If the microswitch does not click, replace the torch
body.
2.4 Disconnect the torch and lead assembly. Measure resistance
between pins 2 and 8 on the quick disconnect end of the lead
assembly.If there is an open circuit with the consumables in place,
replace the torch and leads.
2.5 Replace the control PCB.
1.1 Verify that input voltage is correct.
1.2 Verify proper configuration in the link box - see page 3-5 for proper
connections.
Solution
POWERMAX900 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
1. Breaker trips immediately
Cap-sensor circuit not satisfied
4.1 Verify that input voltage is correct.
4.2 Verify proper configuration in the link box - see page 3-5 for proper
connections.
Symptom
3. Breaker trips after 5-10 seconds Input voltage not in specification
2. Breaker trips after 2-3 seconds
Input voltage not in specification
4. Contactor does not close
Contactor failure
4.3 Verify 120 VAC is being supplied to the contactor coil. If 120 VAC is
present, replace the contactor. If 120 VAC is not present, check
continuity of wiring back to the control board. If there is continuity,
replace the control PCB.
9-99
Service Manual
3-13
Symptom
5. The Power On LED is not
illuminated
6. Gas Pressure LED is
extinguished.
7. Temp LED is on
POWERMAX900 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
System has overheated
Faulty pressure switch
Incorrect air pressure
Control board failure
Control transformer failure
Fuses F1 and/or F2 are blown
No supply voltage
7.2 Ensure that the fan is operating. See step 8.
7.1 Ensure that the machine's duty cycle has not been exceeded.
6.2 Place a jumper wire between wires 92 and 93 at pressure switch
PS1. If the gas pressure LED illuminates, replace pressure switch PS1.
See sections 4, 5 or 6 for pressure switch part number.
6.1 Verify that the air pressure gauge is above 40 psi (2.8 bar). The
pressure should be 70 psi (4.8 bar) for optimum performance. Correct
any leaky hoses or faulty air source.
5.4 Verify that the input control voltages are correct. If voltages are
correct, replace the control PCB.
5.3 Verify that the control transformer has the proper input voltage.
Also check the control transformer output at the input to the control
board. Replace transformer if required.
5.2 Check continuity of fuses F1 and F2. If fuses are blown, verify for
correct input voltage, then check circuit for shorts. Replace blown
fuse(s).
5.1 Verify that the power supply is connected to the correct voltage
source.
Solution
Fan failure
7.3 Check continuity of switch. Switch should be closed. If system is
cool and switch is open, replace switch.
Possible Problem
Faulty temperature switch
9-99
3-14
Service Manual
Symptom
8. The fan is not operating
9. A buzzing sound is heard from
the power supply ON/OFF switch
area within 5-7 seconds of the
system being energized
10. Air flows from the torch before
the trigger switch is depressed
11. Circuit breaker trips (480V
models only)
POWERMAX900 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Damaged gas test switch
Improper output from the control
board
Damaged or dirty contacts
Low voltage to fan
Faulty or seized fan motor
10.2 Disconnect input voltage connection. If air flow stops, control PCB
is outputting voltage and should be replaced. If air flow continues,
replace valve.
10.1 Check switch S1 on the control board. There should be an open
circuit between pins 1 & 2 and a closed circuit between pins 2 & 3 of
S1. If these conditions are not present, replace the control board.
9.2 Verify that the output from control board wires 56 & 57 (J4 pins 11
& 12) is 27 VAC. If there is no 27 VAC at J4, replace the control board.
9.1 Clean or replace contactor CR1.
8.2 Remove the fan bracket and check for 120 VAC at the fan
connection. If there is 120 VAC at the fan connection, replace the fan.
Check the corresponding parts section in this manual for the proper fan
part number.
If there isn't 120 VAC at the fan connection, refer to the electrical wiring
diagrams and follow the 120 VAC line to troubleshoot.
8.1 Rotate the fan by hand. The fan should spin freely with minimum
resistance. If it does not spin freely, replace the fan. Check the
corresponding parts section in this manual for the proper fan part
number.
Solution
Gas solenoid failure
11.1 Inspect IGBTs for damage, perform power board tests, verify
continuity of wires between gate drives and control PCB. If there are no
problems found, replace control PCB, and IGBTs.
Possible Problem
Inverter imbalance
9-99
Service Manual
3-15
Symptom
12. No air flow
13. Momentary burst of air
14. Air flow, but no arc
Solution
POWERMAX900 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Possible Problem
Anode (+) and cathode (– )
shorted
Sticky torch plunger assembly
Pilot arc relay failure
Cap-sense or start shorted to
+ or –
Input voltage out of specs.
Pressure LED extinguished
Temp LED illuminated
The power supply is not
receiving the start signal from
the torch
14.4 Perform resistance and voltage checks outlined in section 3 of this
manual.
14.3 Inspect torch head for cut wires or shorts. Repair connections or
replace torch assembly.
14.2 Remove consumables and move the plunger by hand. The
plunger should move freely with limited resistance. If it does not move
freely, replace the torch main body with the switch assembly. See
section 7 of this manual for part number information.
14.1 Check to see if pilot arc relay is closing. If relay is not closing,
verify LED3 is illuminating and 120 VAC is supplied to the relay.
If LED3 is not illuminated, replace control PCB.
If voltage is present at relay, replace relay.
Check if contacts are worn or pitted.
If contacts are worn or pitted, replace relay.
13.1 Inspect torch head for cut wires or shorts. Repair connections or
replace torch assembly.
12.5 See step 4.
12.4 See step 6.
12.3 See step 7.
12.2 Check LED6 on the control PCB. If the LED does not illuminate,
check continuity of start circuit from the torch head to the control PCB.
12.1 Check to see if LED6 is illuminated. If LED6 is illuminated, look for
Start circuit is engaged on power
a short in the torch lead assembly or, if a mechanized system, remove
up
the start signal from the controller.
Power cicuit failure
9-99
3-16
Service Manual
Symptom
15. Pilot arc starts, but
extinguishes before transfer
16. Arc does not cut through
metal, or cuts slower than normal
17. System cuts abnormally
POWERMAX900 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Amps adjust pot is disconnected
Work cable not connected or,
there is a bad connection
Input voltage is out of specs
16.3 Inspect IGBTs for damage, perform power board tests, verify
continuity of wires between gate drives and control PCB. If there are no
problems found, replace control PCB, and IGBTs.
16.2 Verify that the 3-pin connector is inserted in J5 of the control PCB.
Check the potentiometer by measuring the resistance:
Resistance should be 0 ohms between black & yellow wires in full
counterclockwise position.
Resistance should be approximately 230 ohms between black & yellow
wires in full clockwise position.
16.1 Ensure that the work clamp is properly connected to a clean
surface of the workpiece.
Check the work cable for continuity. Replace the cable and clamp
assembly if there is no continuity.
15.1 See step 4.
Solution
Inverter imbalanced (240V
models only)
17.1 Check to see that both current sensors are connected properly.
Possible Problem
Current sensor (torroid)
disconnected
9-99
Service Manual
3-17
MAINTENANCE
Voltage Checks
SHOCK HAZARD - See warnings on page 3-9
before proceeding.
Before switching on the power supply, perform Visual Checks - Internal, Resistance Checks and also
review the warnings on page 3-9.
•
•
•
•
Verify that the torch is plugged into the power supply.
Connect the power cord into the line voltage disconnect switch box or plug into a properly
grounded outlet.
Switch the power supply on.
Connect the gas supply to the pressure regulator at the rear of the power supply.
Voltage Check #1 - Figure 3-11
•
Voltage at Input of Input Diode Bridge
The AC voltage between any 2 input wires will equal the line voltage on 3φ systems.
On 1φ systems, the AC voltage between the top 2 input wires will equal the line voltage.
8 or 32
= Line Voltage
11 = Line Voltage
= Line Voltage
3φ
12
1φ
Figure 3-11 Voltage Check #1 - Input of Input Diode Bridge
3-18
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Voltage Check #2 - Figure 3-12
•
Voltage at Output of Input Diode Bridge
This DC voltage will approximately equal the line voltage X 1.414 - See table below.
Line Voltage
200VAC
208VAC
230VAC
240VAC
400VAC
480VAC
14
Output at Bridge
≈ Line Voltage
X 1.414
≈ 280VDC
≈ 290VDC
≈ 320VDC
≈ 340VDC
≈ 560VDC
≈ 680VDC
See Table
13
Figure 3-12 Voltage Check #2 - Output of Input Diode Bridge
Voltage Check #3 - Figure 3-13
•
Voltage Across Power Board Capacitors (taken at Q1 and Q2)
See the table in Figure 3-13 to find the correct voltage readings across the power board
capacitors.
15
21
See Table
Line Voltage
200VAC
208VAC
230VAC
240VAC
400VAC
480VAC
Voltage across Wires
21&22 and 15&16
≈ 280VDC
≈ 290VDC
≈ 320VDC
≈ 340VDC
≈ 280VDC
≈ 340VDC
See Table
16
22
Q1
Q2
Figure 3-13 Voltage Check #3 - Across Power Board Capacitors
Service Manual
3-19
MAINTENANCE
Voltage Check #4 - Figure 3-14
•
Output Voltage With Transferred Arc
The voltage is approximately 140VDC at the output diode bridge when the torch arc is
transferred to the workpiece. Take this reading across the two bars spanning output diodes
D2 and D3 (wires 29 and 30).
If the torch is not working, the voltage will be approximately 300VDC for 5 seconds and then
drop to 0VDC.
29
140VDC
30
Figure 3-14 Voltage Check #4 - Output Voltage with Transferred Arc
3-20
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Notes
Service Manual
3-21
MAINTENANCE
POWER BOARD
The power board contains part of a "soft start' or "in-rush" circuit, an over-voltage shut down circuit,
and the high-voltage power circuits for left and right inverters. Voltages can be taken at the rear of
the power PCB to check these functions.
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD: The "E" terminals and J1 are accessible from the back
side of the power PCB. Use extreme caution when taking these readings.
Voltages up to 300 VDC are present at the rear of the power PCB.
The large electrolytic capacitors, (blue-cased cylinders) located on the
front side of the power PC board store large amounts of energy in the
form of electrical voltage. Even if the power is off, dangerous voltages
exist at the capacitor terminals on the PC board and on certain areas of
the PC board. Never discharge the capacitors with a screwdriver or other
implement... explosion, property damage and/or personal injury will
result.
Wait at least 5 minutes after turning the power supply off before handling
the PC board or capacitors. If questions or problems arise during
servicing, call Hypertherm Technical Services at 1-800-643-9878.
Use extreme caution when taking the voltage readings on the back of the power PCB - see warning
above. Use an isolated or "floating" digital volt meter, since high voltages are present. The following
table lists the test points, their descriptions and values. Refer also to Figure 3-15 to locate test points.
Power Board Test Points
Test Point
Description
Value
E1 to E3
High-voltage power - left inverter
+300VDC
E14 to E3
One-half of high-voltage power - left inverter
+150VDC
E4 to E5
High-voltage power - right inverter
+300VDC
E15 to E5
One-half of high-voltage power - right inverter
+150VDC
J1-5 to J1-4
"Soft start" signal from control PCB. After incoming voltage is accepted by control
+12VDC 5 seconds
board, control board sends +12VDC to relay RL1 on power board. LINE
after throwing power
VOLTAGE LED will remain illuminated until soft start signal is complete (about 5
switch S1
seconds after S1 is thrown).
J1-6 to J1-4
Shut down signal from power board. Protection circuit on power board will go low
(=0 VDC) to control board to shut down power supply if it detects over voltage.
3-22
+12VDC normally.
= 0VDC if voltage is
too high
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD: Do not attempt repairs on the power board or control
board. Do not in any way cut away or remove the protective conformal
coating from either board. To do so will risk a short between the AC input
circuit to the output circuit and may cause serious injury or death.
The power supply and PC boards are subjected to dielectric and insulation resistance tests per applicable CSA and IEC standards for the safety
of the operator and service technicians.
Removal of the protective conformal coatings and other unauthorized
repairs to the PC boards will void the warranty.
If questions or problems arise during servicing, call the Hypertherm
Technical Services department at 1-800-643-9878.
J1
6
E7
1
E1
E14 - YEL
E2
E9
E3
E10
E4
E5
E15 - BLK/WHT
E12
E6
Figure 3-15 Back Side of Power Board - Test Points
Service Manual
3-23
MAINTENANCE
CONTROL BOARD
Control Board LEDs
Control Board LEDs Visible from the Powermax900 Front Panel
•
LED2 POWER ON: Illuminates when power is applied.
•
LED5 LINE VOLTAGE: Illuminates different colors for different conditions.
• LED5 not illuminated (white)
Extremely low AC line voltage or micro-controller failure.
• LED5 blinking yellow
Line voltage is less than 20% below nominal. In this condition, the power supply is
disabled and the contactor is open.
• LED5 continuous yellow
Line voltage is between 15% and 20% below nominal. Machine will function, but with
some performance degradation.
Lower Limit
(LED5 continuous yellow)
170VAC
178VAC
195VAC
204VAC
340VAC
408VAC
510VAC
•
•
•
Line Voltage
Upper Limit
200VAC
208VAC
230VAC
240VAC
400VAC
480VAC
600VAC
235VAC
239VAC
270VAC
276VAC
470VAC
552VAC
690VAC
Note: To avoid performance
deterioration of the
Powermax900, input voltage
(as measured at the input
terminals to the power supply
under load) should be within
10% of the specified system
line voltage setting.
LED5 continuous green
Line voltage is within proper operating limits (between -15% and +15% of nominal as
shown above).
LED5 continuous red
Voltage is greater than +15% of nominal, or
Retaining cap has not engaged the cap-sensor micro-switch, or
There is an inverter imbalance, or
There is a micro-controller failure.
LED5 blinking red
There is an internal torch failure (a short from electrode to START or CAP lines).
•
LED11 OVER-TEMP LED: Remains off when temperature is within operating limits. It
Illuminates when the thermostat in the power transformer T2 opens (over 135° C (275° F)) or if
the heatsink becomes too hot (over 85° C (185° F)). Overheating can be caused by exceeding
the duty cycle rate or by operating at low line voltage.
•
LED14 GAS PRESSURE: Illuminates when incoming gas pressure sensed by PS1 is within
operating limits (over 39 psi (2.7 bar)).
Control Board LEDs Visible from Inside the Powermax900
•
LED1 GAS SOLENOID: Illuminates when gas solenoid is energized (when GAS TEST switch
is pressed or when plasma start is pressed).
•
LED3 PILOT ARC RELAY: Illuminates when pilot arc relay CR2 is energized.
•
LED4 MAIN CONTACTOR: Illuminates when contactor CR1 is energized (following "soft
start").
3-24
9-99
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
•
LED6 PLASMA START: Illuminates when the torch start button is pushed or when start
button is activated from the machine interface.
•
LED7 INVERTER ON: Illuminates when the command to turn on the inverter modulator is
given.
•
LED8 CURRENT: Illuminates when current greater than 10 amps is detected in electrode
circuit.
•
LED9 BLOWBACK: Illuminates when more than 25 arc volts is detected.
•
LED10 ARC TRANSFER: Illuminates when arc transfers to the workpiece (when arc current
is greater than 1.5 amps).
•
LED12 OVERCURRENT: Illuminates when CS1 or CS2 senses current above 70 amps.
Release the START switch to clear.
•
LED13 FAULT: Illuminates when there is either an overvoltage condition, an imbalance in the
inverters, or a micro-controller failure.
The control board also controls the sequence required to generate plasma:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Turns on the inverter approximately 1 second after the torch trigger switch is pressed
After a short delay, turns on the gas solenoid valve V1 to blow back the electrode
Monitors the pilot arc for arc transfer
Ramps the current control command from the pilot arc level (22 amps) to the cut current selected by the
operator
Turns the inverter off if the output current fails for any reason
Turns the inverter off if the torch blow back does not occur within 2 seconds
Turns off the power supply when the retaining cap is loose or when line voltage is too high.
R1
TP5 (Gnd)
J2
LED2
J1
LED1
LED3
LED6
LED4
LED5
J4
LED7
LED8
LED9
LED10
LED11
LED12
LED13
J3
LED14
S1
J5
J6
J7
J8
Figure 3-16 Control Board LED Locations
Service Manual
3-25
9-99
MAINTENANCE
PAC125T TORCH PARTS REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
Torch Main Body Removal and Replacement
To remove and replace the torch main body, order the torch main body with cap-on sensor switch
and refer to the following procedure and Figures 3-17 and 3-18.
1
Set the Powermax900 power switch to O (off), unplug the power cable, and disconnect
the gas supply. Disconnect the torch lead quick disconnect from the power supply.
2. Remove the 5 screws that secure the handle halves together and remove handles from
torch main body, torch switch and safety trigger (Fig. 3-18).
Note for step 3: Disconnect wires by pulling on terminals. Do not pull on wires.
3. Disconnect the two lead terminals (blue wire in each terminal) from the two wires of the cap
sensor microswitch (Fig. 3-17).
4. Disconnect the plunger wire from the torch main body by holding the plunger nut with a 1/4"
(6 mm) wrench or nut driver and removing the plunger screw (Fig. 3-17).
5. Disconnect the torch main body and torch lead gas fittings using 3/8" (9.5 mm) and 1/2"
(13 mm) open-end wrenches.
6. Replace the new torch main body by reversing these instructions. Note: When connecting
the plunger wire, be certain to keep the plunger wire terminal at the proper angle as shown in
the Fig. 3-17 inset. Tighten the plunger screw with 8 lb-in (9 kg-cm) of torque.
7. Install the torch main body and torch switch back into the handle (Fig. 3-18). Be certain that
the torch switch slides into position above the safety trigger, and that trigger movement
activates the switch pushbutton and then releases. While positioning the handle halves
together, be careful not to pinch any wires.
8. Replace the 5 screws to secure the handle halves together.
Red
Wires (2)
Cap Sensor
Microswitch
White Wires (2)
Torch Lead
Blue
Wires (2)
Plunger
Terminal
Plunger
Nut
Torch
Main Body
White Wires (8)
Gas Fittings
Plunger
Screw
Plunger
Wire
Cap Sensor
Microswitch
Proper plunger
terminal mounting
angle (parallel to the
handle)
Figure 3-17 PAC125T Torch Main Body Removal
3-26
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Torch Switch Removal and Replacement
To remove and replace the torch switch, order the torch switch repair kit (see Section 7 for part
number) and refer to the following procedure and Figure 3-18. See Section 7 for a complete list of
torch parts.
1. Ensure the Powermax900 power switch is positioned to O (off), unplug the power
cable, and disconnect the gas supply.
2. Remove the 5 screws that secure the handle halves together.
3. Remove the torch switch from the handle.
4. Remove the torch switch by cutting the 2 splices at the torch lead (violet wires).
5. Replace the torch switch by crimping the switch wires and the violet wires from the torch lead
together with the splices.
6. Install the torch switch back into the handle. Be certain that the torch switch slides into
position above the safety trigger, and that trigger movement activates the switch pushbutton
and then releases. While positioning the handle halves together, be careful not to pinch any
wires.
7. Replace the 5 screws to secure the handle halves together.
Handle
Torch
Switch
Violet
Wires (2)
Splices
Spring
Safety
Trigger
Handle
Screw (5)
Figure 3-18 PAC125T Torch Switch Removal
Service Manual
3-27
MAINTENANCE
PAC125M TORCH PARTS REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
Repair of the PAC125M machine torch normally requires replacement of the torch main body and/or
the torch lead. Order the torch main body with switch. Refer to Figure 3-19 and perform the steps
below. See Section 7 for a complete list of the machine torch parts.
Removal
1. Set the Powermax900 power switch to O (off), unplug the power cable, and
disconnect the gas supply. Disconnect the torch lead quick disconnect from the
power supply.
2. Unscrew the retaining cap and remove the remaining parts (nozzle, electrode and swirl ring).
3. Unscrew the positioning sleeve from the torch sleeve and slide it back along the lead and out
of the way.
4. Cut the plastic ties holding the high-current wire to the lead. Note the position of the ties for
reassembly.
5. Remove the heat shrink to expose the high-current pin and receptacle connection.
Disconnect the pin from the receptacle.
Note for step 6: Disconnect wires by pulling on terminals. Do not pull on wires.
6. Remove the heat shrink from the cap sensor microswitch connectors (blue wires from the
lead and white wires from the microswitch) to expose the terminals. Disconnect the
terminals.
7. Disconnect the torch main body and torch lead gas fitting using 3/8" (10 mm) and 1/2"
(13 mm) open-end wrenches.
8. Disconnect the torch main body from the torch sleeve by using snap-ring pliers to remove the
snap ring that holds the torch head to the sleeve. Remove the torch main body from the
torch sleeve.
Replacement
1. To replace the torch main body to the torch sleeve, line up the anti-rotation screw on the
torch head to the locating hole in the torch sleeve.
2. Insert the torch main body into the torch sleeve and using the snap-ring pliers, secure the
torch body to the sleeve with the snap ring.
3. Connect the torch main body to the torch lead gas fitting using 3/8" (10 mm) and 1/2"
(13 mm) open-end wrenches. Torque to 70 in-lbs.
3-28
Service Manual
MAINTENANCE
Cap Sensor
Microswitch
Snap Ring
Torch
Main Body
White
Wires (2)
Blue
Wires (2)
Terminals
Torch Lead
Gas Fitting
Positioning
Sleeve
Torch
Lead
Connector
Loop these leads next
to the torch lead when
reassembling
High-Current Wire
Retaining
Cap
Torch
Lead
Torch
Sleeve
Pin
Receptacle
Figure 3-19 PAC125M Torch Assembly
4. Slip 2 small pieces of heat shrink over the cap-sensor microswitch wires and connect the
white wires to the blue wire terminals on the torch lead. Slide the heat shrink over the
terminals and apply heat.
5. Slip a large piece of heat shrink over the high-current wire and connect the pin to the
receptacle. Slide the heat shrink over the pin-receptacle connection and apply heat.
6. Loop the high-current wire next to the torch lead and secure with 2 plastic ties. Be certain
that there is slack between the high-current wire and the torch lead gas fitting.
7. Slide the positioning sleeve back down over the torch lead and screw it into the torch sleeve.
Be certain not to pinch any wires when screwing sleeves together.
8. Install the proper consumables into the torch. When the retaining cap is tightened, the
microswitch will click, indicating that the torch main body has been replaced correctly.
Service Manual
3-29
MAINTENANCE
QUICK DISCONNECT O-RING REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
The quick disconnect O-ring on the PAC125 torch leads provides a tight seal between the quick
disconnect plug and the power supply receptacle. This O-ring prevents plasma gas from leaking
during cutting. To remove and replace the O-ring in the event of damage or wear, proceed as follows
and refer to Figure 3-20.
1. Turn the Powermax900 power switch OFF (0).
2. Unplug the power cable or set line disconnect switch to off, and disconnect gas supply.
3. Unscrew and remove the torch lead quick disconnect plug from the receptacle on the power
supply.
4. Remove the O-ring from the quick disconnect as shown in Figure 3-20 using needle nose
pliers, tweezers, etc.
5. Replace O-ring. Ensure it seats properly.
Quick Disconnect
Power/Gas Gland
O-Ring (044009)
Figure 3-20 Quick Disconnect O-Ring Removal and Replacement
3-30
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
Section 4
PARTS LIST – 208/240/480V
In this section:
Power Supply - 208/240/480V
Front ............................................................................................... 4-2
Top and Right Side ......................................................................... 4-4
Bottom and Left Side ...................................................................... 4-6
Rear ................................................................................................ 4-8
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts ...................... 4-10
Power Supplies - 208/240/480V ........................................................ 4-10
Recommended Spare Parts - Powermax900 - 208/240/480V .......... 4-11
Service Manual
4-1
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Front
Index No.
Part No.
1
2
3
4
001502
004675
008965
023922
129326
005112
006110
011073
022027
129356
129325
129389
5
6
7
8
9
10
Notes:
Description
Pnl:PMX800/900 Pwr Unit Plastic Front
Spacer:PMX800/900 Pressure Gauge
Knob:.850 Dia. 1/4 SFT Blk/Sil
Cable w/Clamp:PMX800/900 Work 20'
Manifold SA:PMX900 Pwr Unit
Pressure Switch:39 Psi .013 Orifice
Sol. Valve:100# 1/8FPT 24VAC 3W
Regulator:0-125 Psig 1/8FPT
Press. Gauge:160# 1.5" 1/8CBM Panel
Harness:PMX900 Power Unit
Recept. SA:PMX900 Pwr Unit Quick Disc.
Current Control Assy, PMX900
Ref. Desig. Quantity
PS1
V1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
See also Section 5 Parts List - 200/230/400V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
4-2
2-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Front
7
1
10
2
8
5
9
6
3
4
Figure 4-1 Powermax900 - 208/240/480V - Front
Service Manual
4-3
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Top and Right Side
Index No.
1
2
Part No.
003078
029674
029957
029998
029998
109018
109018
109019
041668
041532
014137
014137
008809
029978*
041486*
128241**
041494**
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig. Quantity
Relay:30A NO Mag Blwt QDisc Term
CR2
MOV/Cap Assy:MAX42/43/70 3PH
MOV1
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 Power Unit
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900
Q1
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900
Q2
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual
D2
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual
D3
Diode:1600V 100A 3PH Module
D1
PCB Assy:Pwrmx900 Micro Control
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power
Current Sense Transformer, 40A
CS1
Current Sense Transformer, 40A
CS2
Fuse:1A 600V 13/32 X 1-1/2 Slo
F1,F2
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 PA Cont PCB Q3
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900 PA Cont
Kit:Powermax900 Machine Interface 208/240/480V
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900 Machine Interface
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies.
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Available only on power supplies with the pilot arc control option
**
Available only on power supplies with the machine interface option
See also Section 5 Parts List - 200/230/400V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
4-4
9-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Top and Right Side
15
14
2
8
4
7
3
12
13
11
5
6
10
1
9
Figure 4-2 Powermax900 - 208/240/480V - Top and Right Side
Service Manual
4-5
9-99
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Bottom and Left Side
Index No.
1
2
3
4
5
Part No.
014207
014228
014230
027080
041532
029978*
004673*
028908**
6
7
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig. Quantity
Xfmr:Powermax800/900 208-240-480 Control
Xfmr:Powermax900 208-240-480 Power
Inductor:Powermax900 0.8MH 55A
Fan:225CFM 120VAC 50-60HZ
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power
Heatsink SA:Pwrmx800/900 PA Cont PCB
Heatsink:Powermax800/900 PA Cont
Kit:Powermax800/900 Cooling Fan Filter
T1
T2 (w/TS2)
L1
M1
1
1
1
1
1
Q3
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Available only on power supplies with the pilot arc control option
**
Available only as an option
See also Section 5 Parts List - 200/230/400V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
4-6
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Bottom and Left Side
5
7
6
3
2
4
1
Figure 4-3 Powermax900 - 208/240/480V - Bottom and Left Side
Service Manual
4-7
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Rear
Index No.
1
2
3
Part No.
001503
129068
128405
129300
011072
015285
011079
129327
001660*
008228
129114
123099**
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig.
Quantity
Pnl:Powermax800/900 Pwr Unit Plastic Rear
Circuit Breaker SA:4Pole 480V W/TC
S1
Contactor Replacement:Powermax800/900 CR1
Regulator SA:Powermax800/900 Pwr Unit
Filter:20 Micron 1/8FPT
Male Connector:1/8NPTX1/4Push in Tube
Filter Element for 011072 Filter
Linecord Panel SA:Powermax900 208/240/480V
Panel:Powermax900 Power Cord
Cord Grip:1NPT .690-.990 2Screws
Power Cord SA:Powermax800/900
Cable: Powermax800/900 Machine Interface
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Use 129332 to order power cord rear panel for 208/240/480V power supplies if you
have the machine interface option.
**
Available only with the machine interface option.
See also Section 5 Parts List - 200/230/400V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
4-8
5-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
POWER SUPPLY - 208/240/480V
Rear
5
2
1
4
3
6
8
7
10
9
Figure 4-4 Powermax900 - 208/240/480V - Rear
Service Manual
4-9
5-99
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts
Part Number
Description
028714 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 25 ft (7.6 m) (Also comes standard with most
machine torch system configurations. See note below.)
128061 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 50 ft (15.2 m)
128062 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 75 ft (23 m)
128316 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Power Unit Wheels
128317 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Pilot Arc Controller
128241 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Machine Interface, 208/240/480V
028907 .................................. Work Cable, 50 ft (15.2 m)
028908 .................................. Kit: Powermax900, Cooling Air Filter
011079 .................................. Filter Element
129019 .................................. Jumper:Powermax900 Link Box
128312 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 600V Conversion
008809 .................................. Fuse:1A 600V 13/32 X 1-1/2 Slo
023206 .................................. Cable: Machine Interface, 25 ft (7.6 m) (Comes standard with machine torch
system configurations and with machine interface kits.)
024548 .................................. Leather Cable Covers, 25 ft (7.6 m)
POWER SUPPLIES - 208/240/480V, 1φ/3φ, 60 HZ
Part
Number
083063
083076
083077
083078
For
Torch Type
With Pilot Arc
Control
With Machine
Interface
Hand
Hand
Machine
Machine
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Notes: Contact your distributor or call the nearest Hypertherm office for hand and machine
torch system configurations.
See also Section 5 Parts List - 200/230/400V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
4-10
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS - POWERMAX900- 208/240/480V
Part Number
Description
003078 ...............................
129068 ...............................
128405 ...............................
008809 ...............................
014207 ...............................
014228 ...............................
014230 ...............................
023922 ...............................
027080 ...............................
005112 ...............................
006110 ...............................
011072 ...............................
011079 ...............................
011073 ...............................
022027 ...............................
029957 ...............................
109018/008906 ..................
109019/008904 ..................
009849/008903 ..................
009850/008902 ..................
029998/008905 ..................
041668 ...............................
041532 ...............................
129114 ...............................
029674 ...............................
028908 ...............................
Page Reference
Relay:30A NO Mag Blwt QDisc Term ........................................... 4-5
Circuit Breaker SA:4Pole 480V W/TC .......................................... 4-9
Contactor Replacement:Powermax800/900 ................................. 4-9
Fuse:1A 600V 13/32X1-1/2Slo (2) ................................................ 4-4
Xfmr:Powermax800/900 208-240-480 Control ............................. 4-7
Xfmr:Powermax900 208-240-480 Power ...................................... 4-7
Inductor:Powermax900 0.8MH 55A .............................................. 4-7
Cable w/Clamp:PMX800/900 Work 20' ........................................ 4-3
Fan:225CFM 120VAC 50-60HZ ................................................... 4-7
Pressure Switch:39 Psi .013 Orifice ............................................. 4-3
Sol. Valve:100# 1/8FPT 24VAC 3W ............................................. 4-3
Filter:20 Micron 1/8FPT ................................................................ 4-9
Filter Element for 011072 Filter .................................................... 4-9
Regulator:0-125 Psig 1/8FPT ....................................................... 4-3
Press. Gauge:160# 1.5" 1/8CBM Panel ....................................... 4-3
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 Power Unit ................................ 4-5
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual (2)
/Thermal Pad:AL-380-100 (2) ....................................................... 4-5
Diode:1600V 100A 3PH Module/Thermal Pad:AL-340-180 ......... 4-5
Resistor:20-Ohm 50W 5% NON-IND (4)
/Thermal Pad: AL 197-114 (4) ...................................................... 4-5
Resistor:20-Ohm 25W 5% NON-IND (4)
/Thermal Pad:AL 103-108 (4) ....................................................... 4-5
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900 (2)
/Thermal Pad:AL-370-134 (2) ........................................................ 4-5
PCB Assy:Powermax900 Micro Control ....................................... 4-5
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power ...................................... 4-5, 4-7
Cord/Plug:42 1Phase 8-3SO 3Prong 7'3" ..................................... 4-9
MOV/Cap Assy:MAX42/43/70 3PH .............................................. 4-5
Kit:Powermax800/900 Cooling Fan Filter ..................................... 4-7
Service Manual
4-11
9-99
PARTS LIST - 208/240/480V
4-12
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
Section 5
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
In this section:
Power Supply - 200/230/400V ............................................................ 5-2
Front ............................................................................................... 5-2
Top and Right Side ......................................................................... 5-4
Bottom and Left Side ...................................................................... 5-6
Rear ................................................................................................ 5-8
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts ...................... 5-10
Power Supplies - 200/230/400V ........................................................ 5-10
Recommended Spare Parts - Powermax900 - 200/230/400V .......... 5-11
Service Manual
5-1
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Front
Index No.
Part No.
1
2
3
4
001502
004675
008965
023922
129326
005112
006110
011073
022027
129356
129325
129389
5
6
7
8
9
10
Notes:
Description
Pnl:PMX800/900 Pwr Unit Plastic Front
Spacer:PMX800/900 Pressure Gauge
Knob:.850 Dia. 1/4 SFT Blk/Sil
Cable w/Clamp:PMX800/900 Work 20'
Manifold SA:PMX900 Pwr Unit
Pressure Switch:39 Psi .013 Orifice
Sol. Valve:100# 1/8FPT 24VAC 3W
Regulator:0-125 Psig 1/8FPT
Press. Gauge:160# 1.5" 1/8CBM Panel
Harness:PMX900 Power Unit
Recept. SA:PMX900 Pwr Unit Quick Disc.
Current Control Assy, PMX900
Ref. Desig. Quantity
PS1
V1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
5-2
2-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Front
7
1
10
2
8
5
9
6
3
4
Figure 5-1 Powermax900 - 200/230/400V - Front
Service Manual
5-3
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Top and Right Side
Index No.
1
2
Part No.
003078
029674
029957
029998
029998
109018
109018
109019
041668
041532
014137
014137
008958
029978*
041486*
128242**
041494**
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig. Quantity
Relay:30A NO Mag Blwt QDisc Term
CR2
MOV/Cap Assy:MAX42/43/70 3PH
MOV1
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 Power Unit
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900
Q1
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900
Q2
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual
D2
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual
D3
Diode:1600V 100A 3PH Module
D1
PCB Assy:Pwrmx900 Micro Control
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power
Current Sense Transformer, 40A
CS1
Current Sense Transformer, 40A
CS2
Fuse:1A 500V 10mmX38mm Slo
F1,F2
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 PA Cont PCB Q3
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900 PA Cont
Kit:Powermax900 Machine Interface 200/230/400V
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900 Machine Interface
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies.
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
* Available only on power supplies with the pilot arc control option
**
Available only on power supplies with the machine interface option
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
5-4
9-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Top and Right Side
15
14
2
8
4
7
3
12
13
11
5
6
10
1
9
Figure 5-2 Powermax900 - 200/230/400V - Top and Right Side
Service Manual
5-5
9-99
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Bottom and Left Side
Index No.
1
2
3
4
5
Part No.
014208
014229
014230
027443
041532
029978*
004673*
028908**
6
7
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig. Quantity
Xfmr:Powermax800/900 200-230-400 Control
Xfmr:Powermax900 200-230-400 Power
Inductor:Powermax900 .08MH 55A
Fan:260CDM 120VAC 50-60HZ
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power
Heatsink SA:Pwrmx800/900 PA Cont PCB
Heatsink:Powermax800/900 PA Cont
Kit:Powermax800/900 Cooling Fan Filter
T1
T2 (w/TS2)
L1
M1
1
1
1
1
1
Q3
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Available only on power supplies with the pilot arc control option
**
Available only as an option
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
5-6
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Bottom and Left Side
5
7
6
3
2
4
1
Figure 5-3 Powermax900 - 200/230/400V - Bottom and Left Side
Service Manual
5-7
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Rear
Index No.
1
2
3
Part No.
001503
129068
128405
129300
011072
015285
011079
129330
001660*
008228
129115
123099**
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig.
Quantity
Pnl:Powermax800/900 Pwr Unit Plastic Rear
Circuit Breaker SA:4Pole 480V W/TC
S1
Contactor Replacement:Powermax800/900 CR1
Regulator SA:Powermax800/900 Pwr Unit
Filter:20 Micron 1/8FPT
Male Connector:1/8NPTX1/4Push in Tube
Filter Element for 011072 Filter
Linecord Panel SA:Powermax900 200/230/400V
Panel:Powermax900 Power Cord
Cord Grip:1NPT .690-.990 2Screws
Power Cord SA:Powermax800/900 200V
Cable: Powermax800/900 Machine Interface
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Use 129333 to order power cord rear panel for 200/230/400V power supplies if you
have the machine interface option.
**
Available only with the machine interface option.
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
5-8
5-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
POWER SUPPLY - 200/230/400V
Rear
5
2
1
4
3
6
8
7
10
9
Figure 5-4 Powermax900 - 200/230/400V - Rear
Service Manual
5-9
5-99
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts
Part Number
Description
028714 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 25 ft (7.6 m) (Also comes standard with most
machine torch system configurations. See note below.)
128061 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 50 ft (15.2 m)
128062 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 75 ft (23 m)
128316 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Power Unit Wheels
128317 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Pilot Arc Controller
128242 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Machine Interface, 200/230/400V
028907 .................................. Work Cable, 50 ft (15.2 m)
028908 .................................. Kit: Powermax900, Cooling Air Filter
011079 .................................. Filter Element
129019 .................................. Jumper:Powermax900 Link Box
008958 .................................. Fuse:1A 500V 10mm X 38mm Slo
023206 .................................. Cable: Machine Interface, 25 ft (7.6 m) (Comes standard with machine torch
system configurations and with machine interface kits.)
024548 .................................. Leather Cable Covers, 25 ft (7.6 m)
POWER SUPPLIES - 200/230/400V, 1φ/3φ, 50/60 HZ
Part
Number
083065
083082
083083
083084
For
Torch Type
With Pilot Arc
Control
With Machine
Interface
Hand
Hand
Machine
Machine
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Notes: Contact your distributor or call the nearest Hypertherm office for hand and machine
torch system configurations.
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 6 Parts List - 400V CE
to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
5-10
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS - POWERMAX900- 200/230/400V
Part Number
Description
003078 ...............................
129068 ...............................
128405 ...............................
008958 ...............................
014208 ...............................
014229 ...............................
014230 ...............................
023922 ...............................
027443 ...............................
005112 ...............................
006110 ...............................
011072 ...............................
011079 ...............................
011073 ...............................
022027 ...............................
029957 ...............................
109018/008906 ..................
109019/008904 ..................
009849/008903 ..................
009850/008902 ..................
029998/008905 ..................
041668 ...............................
041532 ...............................
129115 ...............................
029674 ...............................
028908 ...............................
Page Reference
Relay:30A NO Mag Blwt QDisc Term ........................................... 5-5
Circuit Breaker SA:4Pole 480V W/TC .......................................... 5-9
Contactor Replacement:Powermax800/900 ................................. 5-9
Fuse:1A 500V 10mmX38mm SLO (2) .......................................... 5-4
Xfmr:Powermax800/900 200-230-400 Control ............................. 5-7
Xfmr:Powermax900 200-230-400 Power ...................................... 5-7
Inductor:Powermax900 0.8MH 55A .............................................. 5-7
Cable w/Clamp:PMX800/900 Work 20' ........................................ 5-3
Fan:260CDM 120VAC 50-60HZ ................................................... 5-7
Pressure Switch:39 Psi .013 Orifice ............................................. 5-3
Sol. Valve:100# 1/8FPT 24VAC 3W ............................................. 5-3
Filter:20 Micron 1/8FPT ................................................................ 5-9
Filter Element for 011072 Filter .................................................... 5-9
Regulator:0-125 Psig 1/8FPT ....................................................... 5-3
Press. Gauge:160# 1.5" 1/8CBM Panel ....................................... 5-3
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 Power Unit ................................ 5-5
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual (2)
/Thermal Pad:AL-380-100 (2) ....................................................... 5-5
Diode:1600V 100A 3PH Module/Thermal Pad:AL-340-180 ......... 5-5
Resistor:20-Ohm 50W 5% NON-IND (4)
/Thermal Pad: AL 197-114 (4) ...................................................... 5-5
Resistor:20-Ohm 25W 5% NON-IND (4)
/Thermal Pad:AL 103-108 (4) ....................................................... 5-5
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900 (2)
/Thermal Pad:AL-370-134 (2) ....................................................... 5-5
PCB Assy:Powermax900 Micro Control ....................................... 5-5
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power ...................................... 5-5, 5-7
Cord: 2.5mm PVC HD21/22 ......................................................... 5-9
MOV/Cap Assy:MAX42/43/70 3PH .............................................. 5-5
Kit:Powermax800/900 Cooling Fan Filter ..................................... 5-7
Service Manual
5-11
9-99
PARTS LIST - 200/230/400V
5-12
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
Section 6
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
In this section:
Power Supply - 400V CE .................................................................... 6-2
Front ............................................................................................... 6-2
Top and Right Side ......................................................................... 6-4
Bottom and Left Side ...................................................................... 6-6
Rear ................................................................................................ 6-8
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts ...................... 6-10
Power Supplies - 400V CE ................................................................ 6-10
Recommended Spare Parts - Powermax900 - 400V CE .................. 6-11
Service Manual
6-1
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Front
Index No.
Part No.
1
2
3
4
001502
004675
008965
023922
129326
005112
006110
011073
022027
129356
129325
129389
5
6
7
8
9
10
Notes:
Description
Pnl:PMX800/900 Pwr Unit Plastic Front
Spacer:PMX800/900 Pressure Gauge
Knob:.850 Dia. 1/4 SFT Blk/Sil
Cable w/Clamp:PMX800/900 Work 20'
Manifold SA:PMX900 Pwr Unit
Pressure Switch:39 Psi .013 Orifice
Sol. Valve:100# 1/8FPT 24VAC 3W
Regulator:0-125 Psig 1/8FPT
Press. Gauge:160# 1.5" 1/8CBM Panel
Harness:PMX900 Power Unit
Recept. SA:PMX900 Pwr Unit Quick Disc.
Current Control Assy, PMX900
Ref. Desig. Quantity
PS1
V1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 5 Parts List 200/230/400V to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
6-2
2-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Front
7
1
10
2
5
8
17
9
6
3
4
Figure 6-1 Powermax900 - 400V CE - Front
Service Manual
6-3
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Top and Right Side
Index No.
Part No.
1
003078
129046
029998
029998
109018
109018
109043
041668
041532
014137
014137
008958
008959
029978*
041486*
128286**
041494**
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig. Quantity
Relay:30A NO Mag Blwt QDisc Term
CR2
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 CE Power Unit
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900
Q1
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/900
Q2
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual
D2
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual
D3
Diode:1600V 30A 3PH Bridge Isol Bplr
D1
PCB Assy:Powermax900 Micro Control
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power
Current Sense Transformer, 40A
CS1
Current Sense Transformer, 40A
CS2
Fuse:1A 500V 10mmX38mm Slo
F1, F2
Fuse:20A 500V 10mmX38mm Slo
Heatsink SA:Pwrmx800/900 PA Cont PCB
Q3
PCB Assy:Pwermax800/900 PA Cont
Kit:Powermax900 Machine Interface 400V CE
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900 Machine Interface
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
3
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies.
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Available only on power supplies with the pilot arc control option
**
Available only on power supplies with the machine interface option
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 5 Parts List 200/230/400V to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
6-4
9-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Top and Right Side
15
12
14
7
3
11
2
6
4
5
10
13
9
1
8
Figure 6-2 Powermax900 - 400V CE - Top and Right Side
Service Manual
6-5
9-99
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Bottom and Left Side
Index No.
Part No.
1
2
3
4
5
014209
014229
014230
027443
041532
029978*
004673*
028908**
129100
6
7
8
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig. Quantity
Xfmr:Powermax800/900 CE 400V Control
Xfmr:Powermax800/900 200-230-400 Power
Inductor:Powermax900 0.8MH 55A
Fan:260CDM 120VAC 50-60HZ
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power
Heatsink SA:Pwrmx800/900 PA Cont PCB
Heatsink:Powermax800/900 PA Cont
Kit:Powermax800 Cooling Fan Filter
Capacitor SA:Powermax800/900-CE
T1
T2 (w/TS2)
L1
M1
1
1
1
1
1
Q3
1
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies.
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Available only on power supplies with the pilot arc control option
**
Available only as an option
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 5 Parts List 200/230/400V to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
6-6
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Bottom and Left Side
6
5
7
8
3
2
4
1
Figure 6-3 Powermax900 - 400V CE - Bottom and Left Side
Service Manual
6-7
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Rear
Index No.
Part No.
1
2
3
001503
003132
128405
129300
011072
015285
011079
129357
001571*
008782
109068***
129376
041505
123099**
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Notes:
Description
Ref. Desig.
Quantity
Pnl:Powermax800/900 Pwr Unit Plastic Rear
Circuit Breaker SA:4Pole 480V W/TC
S1
Contactor Replacement:Powermax800/900 CR1
Regulator SA:Powermax800/900 Pwr Unit
Filter:20 Micron 1/8FPT
Male Connector:1/8NPTX1/4Push in Tube
Filter Element for 011072 Filter
Linecord Panel SA:Powermax900 CE Pwr Unit
Panel:Powermax800/900 Power Cord & EMI
Strain Relief:3/4NPT .375-.500
Toroid:Powermax1100/900
Power Cord SA:PMX900-CE/200-230PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-CE Line Filter
Cable: Powermax800 Machine Interface
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bold part numbers and descriptions are subassemblies.
Indented normal type items are components of subassemblies
All mounting hardware in power supply drawings shown for reference only.
*
Use 129372 to replace power cord rear panel if you have the machine interface
option.
**
Available only with the machine interface option
*** Not shown in Figure 6-4
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 5 Parts List 200/230/400V to identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
6-8
5-99
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
POWER SUPPLY - 400V CE
Rear
5
2
1
3
4
6
10
11
9
7
8
Figure 6-4 Powermax900 - 400V CE - Rear
Service Manual
6-9
5-99
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts
Part Number
Description
028714 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 25 ft (7.6 m) (Also comes standard with most
machine torch system configurations. See note below.)
128061 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 50 ft (15.2 m)
128062 .................................. On/Off Pendant with Lead, 75 ft (23 m)
128316 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Power Unit Wheels
128317 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Pilot Arc Controller
128286 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 Machine Interface, 400V CE
128313 .................................. Kit: Powermax900 CE 230V Conversion
028907 .................................. Work Cable, 50 ft (15.2 m)
028908 .................................. Kit: Powermax900, Cooling Air Filter
011079 .................................. Filter Element
129019 .................................. Jumper:Powermax900 Link Box
008958 .................................. Fuse:1A 500V 10mm X 38mm Slo
023206 .................................. Cable: Machine Interface, 25 ft (7.6 m) (Comes standard with machine
torch system configurations and with machine interface kits.)
024548 .................................. Leather Cable Covers, 25 ft (7.6 m)
109068 .................................. Toroid (Used only on 400V CE power supply linecord assemblies.)
POWER SUPPLIES - 400V CE, 3φ, 50 HZ
Part
Number
083064
083079
083080
083081
For
Torch Type
With Pilot Arc
Control
With Machine
Interface
Hand
Hand
Machine
Machine
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Notes: Contact your distributor or call the nearest Hypertherm office for hand and machine torch
system configurations.
See also Section 4 Parts List - 208/240/480V, and Section 5 Parts List - 200/230/400V to
identify parts for other Powermax900 power supplies.
6-10
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS - POWERMAX900 400V CE
Part Number
Description
003078 ...............................
003132 ...............................
128405 ...............................
008958 ...............................
008959 ...............................
014209 ...............................
014229 ...............................
014230 ...............................
023922 ...............................
027443 ...............................
005112 ...............................
006110 ...............................
011072 ...............................
011079 ...............................
011073 ...............................
022027 ...............................
129046 ...............................
109018/008906 ..................
109043/008947 ..................
009849/008903 ..................
009850/008902 ..................
029998/008905 ..................
041668 ...............................
041532 ...............................
129049 ...............................
129376 ...............................
028908 ...............................
Page
Reference
Relay:30A NO Mag Blwt QDisc Term ................................................. 6-5
Circuit Breaker SA:4Pole 480V W/TC ................................................ 6-9
Contactor Replacement:Powermax800/900 ....................................... 6-9
Fuse:1A 500V 10mm X 38mm GI Slo(2) ............................................ 6-5
Fuse:20A 500V 10mm X 38mm GI Slo(3) .......................................... 6-5
Xfmr:Powermax800/900 CE 400V Control ......................................... 6-7
Xfmr:Powermax900 200/230/400 Power ............................................ 6-7
Inductor:Powermax900 0.8MH 55A .................................................... 6-7
Cable w/Clamp:PMX800/900 Work 20' .............................................. 6-3
Fan:260CDM 120VAC 50-60HZ ......................................................... 6-7
Pressure Switch:39 Psi .013 Orifice ................................................... 6-3
Sol. Valve:100# 1/8FPT 24VAC 3W ................................................... 6-3
Filter:20 Micron 1/8FPT ...................................................................... 6-9
Filter Element for 011072 Filter .......................................................... 6-9
Regulator:0-125 Psig 1/8FPT ............................................................. 6-3
Press. Gauge:160# 1.5" 1/8CBM Panel ............................................. 6-3
Heatsink SA:Powermax800/900 CE Power Unit ................................ 6-5
Diode:600V 100A UFast Recovery Dual (2)
/Thermal Pad:AL-380-100 (2) ............................................................. 6-5
Diode:1600V 30A 3PH Bridge/Thermal Pad:AL-315-114 ................... 6-5
Resistor:20-Ohm 50W 5% NON-IND (4)
/Thermal Pad:AL-197-114 (4) ............................................................. 6-5
Resistor:20-Ohm 25W 5% NON-IND (4)
/Thermal Pad:AL-103-108 (4) ............................................................. 6-5
IGBT Gate Drive SA:Powermax800/.900 (2)
/Thermal Pad:AL-370-134 (2) ............................................................. 6-5
PCB Assy:Powermax900 Micro Control ............................................. 6-5
PCB Assy:Powermax800/900-ZB Power ..................................... 6-5, 6-7
Electric Line Filter SA:Powermax800/900-CE .................................... 6-9
Power Cord SA:Powermax900-CE ..................................................... 6-9
Kit:Powermax800/900 Cooling Fan Filter ........................................... 5-7
Service Manual
6-11
9-99
PARTS LIST - 400V CE
6-12
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - TORCH AND CONSUMABLES
Section 7 PARTS LIST TORCHES AND CONSUMABLES
In this section:
PAC125T Torch Assembly ................................................................... 7-2
PAC125M Torch Assembly .................................................................. 7-3
Consumable Parts Kits ........................................................................ 7-4
Consumable Configurations ................................................................ 7-5
Service Manual
7-1
PARTS LIST - TORCH AND CONSUMABLES
PAC125T Torch Assembly and 25 ft (7.6 m) Lead - 083066
PAC125T Torch Assembly and 50 ft (15.2 m) Lead - 083067
Part Number
Description
001288 ...................................... Handle, PAC121/125T
002244 ...................................... Safety Trigger, PAC121/125T
128284 ...................................... Kit: Switch Repair
120573 ...................................... Electrode, Air
120576 ...................................... Ring, Swirl
027254 ...................................... Trigger Spring, PAC121/125T
004764 ...................................... Ring, Gutcha
075339 ...................................... Screws, P/S, # 4 X 1/2, PH, RND, S/B
120577 ...................................... Nozzle: PAC125 55A Shield
120601 ...................................... Shield: PAC121T
120600 ...................................... Cap, Retaining
120570 ...................................... Torch Main Body with Switch, PAC125T
044016 ............................................ O-Ring: BUNA 90 Duro .614X.070
129352 ...................................... Torch Lead, 25 ft (7.6 m)
129353 ...................................... Torch Lead, 50 ft (15.2 m)
044009 ............................................ Quick Disconnect O-Ring (not shown)
*
**
Note:
Used only in 083066
Used only in 083067
See page 7-4 or 7-5 for detail of consumable parts
Torch
Pushbutton
Switch
128284
Handle
001288
Torch Lead
129352, 25 ft (7.63 m)
129353, 50 ft (15.25 m)
Gutcha
Ring
004764
Trigger
Spring
027254
Safety
Trigger
002244
Handle
001288
Torch Main
Body w/ Switch
120570
O-Ring
Figure 4-5 PAC121TS
Torch Assembly and Leads
044016
Screw (5)
075339
Figure 7-1 PAC125T Torch Assembly and Leads
7-2
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - TORCH AND CONSUMABLES
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 14 ft (4.3 m) Lead - 083069 w/pigtail, 083073 no pigtail
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 25 ft (7.6 m) Lead - 083068 w/pigtail, 083072 no pigtail
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 35 ft (10.6 m) Lead - 083070 w/pigtail, 083074 no pigtail
PAC125M Torch Assembly and 50 ft (15.2 m) Lead - 083071 w/pigtail, 083075 no pigtail
Part Number
Description
120573 ............................................ Electrode, Air
120576 ............................................ Ring, Swirl
120613 ............................................ Sleeve, Machine Torch, PAC125M
020620 ............................................ Sleeve, Torch Position, PAC121/125M
129339 ............................................ Torch Lead w/pigtail, 14 ft (4.3 m)
129338 ............................................ Torch Lead w/pigtail, 25 ft (7.6 m)
129340 ............................................ Torch Lead w/pigtail, 35 ft (10.6 m)
129341 ............................................ Torch Lead w/pigtail, 50 ft (15.2 m)
129343 ............................................ Torch Lead, no pigtail, 14 ft (4.3 m)
129342 ............................................ Torch Lead, no pigtail, 25 ft (7.6 m)
129344 ............................................ Torch Lead, no pigtail, 35 ft (10.6 m)
129345 ............................................ Torch Lead, no pigtail, 50 ft (15.2 m)
044009 ................................................... Quick Disconnect O-Ring (not shown)
027599 ............................................ Snap Ring
120577 ............................................ Nozzle: PAC125 55A Shield
120602 ............................................ Shield: PAC121M Machine Torch
120600 ............................................ Cap, Retaining
120583 ............................................ Torch Main Body w/ Switch, PAC125M
044016 ................................................... O-Ring: BUNA 90 Duro .614X.070
Note:
See page 7-4 for detail of consumable parts
Torch Main
Body
120583
Snap Ring
027599
Torch Sleeve
120613
O-Ring
044016
Torch Position
Sleeve
020620
Torch Lead
129339, with pigtail, 14 ft (4.3 m)
129338, with pigtail, 25 ft (7.6 m)
129340, with pigtail, 35 ft (10.6 m)
129341, with pigtail, 50 ft (15.2 m)
129343, no pigtail, 14 ft (4.3 m)
129342, no pigtail, 25 ft (7.6 m)
129344, no pigtail, 35 ft (10.6 m)
129345, no pigtail, 50 ft (15.2 m)
O-Ring
044016
On/Off Pendant (not part of machine torch assembly See Powermax900 Field Upgrade Kits and Optional Parts in
Sections 4, 5 or 6 for part numbers)
Pigtail
Figure 7-2 PAC125M Torch Assembly and Leads
Service Manual
7-3
PARTS LIST - TORCH AND CONSUMABLES
Consumable Parts Kits
Hand Consumable Spare Parts Kit (128287)
Part Number
Description (Quantity)
001285 ................... Box, Consumable Parts (1)
120573 ................... Electrode (3)
120574 ................... Electrode, Extended (1)
120577 ................... Nozzle, 55A, Shielded (3)
120578 ................... Nozzle, Pipe Saddle, Extended (1)
120607 ................... Nozzle, Gouging (1)
120601 ................... Shield, 55A (1)
120608 ................... Shield, Gouging (1)
120303 ................... Deflector (1)
044016 ................... O-Ring (3)
015152 ................... Nipple, 1/8 NPT,QDisc, Steel (1)
015604 ................... Reducer, 1/4 FPT X 1/8 NPT, Brass (1)
027055 ................... Lubricant, Silicone 1/4 Oz Tube (1)
Machine Consumable Spare Parts Kit (128288)
Part Number
Description (Quantity)
001285 ................... Box, Consumable Parts (1)
120573 ................... Electrode (3)
120574 ................... Electrode, Extended (3)
120577 ................... Nozzle, 55A, Shielded (3)
120606 ................... Nozzle, 35A, Extended (3)
120602 ................... Shield, PAC125M Machine Torch (1)
120303 ................... Deflector (1)
044016 ................... O-Ring (3)
015152 ................... Nipple, 1/8 NPT, QDisc, Steel (1)
015604 ................... Reducer, 1/4 FPT X 1/8 NPT, Brass (1)
027055 ................... Lubricant, Silicone 1/4 Oz Tube (1)
Consumable Spare Parts Kit - CE (128289)
Part Number
Description (Quantity)
001285 ................... Box, Consumable Parts (1)
120573 ................... Electrode, Air (3)
120577 ................... Nozzle, 55A, Shielded (3)
120607 ................... Nozzle, Gouging (1)
120608 ................... Shield, Gouging (1)
120601 ................... Shield, 55A (1)
044016 ................... O-Ring (3)
015152 ................... Nipple, 1/8 NPT, QDisc, Steel (1)
015301 ................... Adapter, 1/8 NPT to 1/4 Hose (1)
027055 ................... Lubricant, Silicone 1/4 Oz Tube (1)
7-4
Service Manual
PARTS LIST - TORCH AND CONSUMABLES
Consumable Configurations
Shielded
Hand Torch
55A Cutting
Shield
120601
Retaining Cap
120600
Nozzle
120577
Electrode
120573
Swirl Ring
120576
PAC125
Torch
Shield
120602
Retaining Cap
120600
Nozzle
120577
Electrode
120573
Swirl Ring
120576
PAC125
Torch
Shield
120608
Retaining Cap
120600
Nozzle
120607
Electrode
120573
Swirl Ring
120576
PAC125
Torch
Shielded
Machine Torch
55A Cutting
Shielded
55A Gouging
Figure 7-3 Shielded Consumable Configurations
Deflector
120303
Retaining Cap
120600
Nozzle
120578 (55A)
Electrode
120574
Swirl Ring
120576
PAC125
Torch
Deflector
120303
Retaining Cap
120600
Nozzle
120606 (35A)
Electrode
120574
Swirl Ring
120576
PAC125
Torch
Unshielded
55A Cutting*
Unshielded
35A Cutting*
Figure 7-4 Unshielded Consumable Configurations
* In CE countries, use unshielded consumables only in machine-torch applications.
Service Manual
7-5
PARTS LIST - TORCH AND CONSUMABLES
7-6
Service Manual
WIRING DIAGRAMS
Section 8 WIRING DIAGRAMS
In this section:
Powermax900 Electrical Schematic: 208/240/480V .......................... 8-2
Powermax900 Electrical Schematic: 200/230/400V .......................... 8-3
Powermax900 Electrical Schematic: 400V–CE ................................. 8-4
Service Manual
8-1
ELEC SCHEM: PMX900 208–240–480V
013–3–326
1 OF 1
E
8-2
ELEC SCHEM: PMX900 200–230–400V
013–3–328
1 OF 1
E
8-3
ELEC SCHEM: PMX900–CE 400V
013–3–327
1 OF 1
E
8-4
APPENDIX A
AERATION MANIFOLD FOR PLASMA CUTTING ALUMINUM
Introduction
When plasma arc cutting aluminum at the water table surface or below water, free hydrogen
gas may be generated by the cutting process. The high temperature of the plasma process
causes disassociation of oxygen and hydrogen from the water in the water table. The hot
aluminum, which has a high affinity for oxygen, then combines with the oxygen leaving free
hydrogen.
An effective means of avoiding free hydrogen buildup is to install an aeration manifold on the
floor of the water table to replenish the oxygen content of the water.
Making an Aeration Manifold - Figure a-1
Make an Aeration Manifold with two-inch (50 mm) PVC tubing with one-inch (25 mm)
Distribution Lines connected to it. Drill 1/8 inch (3 mm) holes every six inches (150 mm) in
the distribution lines. Cap the ends of the distribution lines and install the lines so that
oxygen is delivered to all parts of the cutting area.
Connect the manifold to a shop air line. Set a pressure regulator to obtain a steady stream of
bubbles.
Aeration Manifold
Distribution Lines
Regulated air in
Figure a-1 Aeration Manifold
Service Manual
a-1
APPENDIX B
STANDARDS INDEX
For further information concerning safety practices to be exercised with plasma arc cutting equipment, please
refer to the following publications:
1.
ANSI Standard Z49.1, Safety in Welding and Cutting, obtainable from the American Welding Society, 550
LeJeune Road, P.O. Box 351020, Miami, FL 33135.
2.
NIOSH, Safety and Health in Arc Welding and Gas Welding and Cutting, obtainable from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
3.
OSHA, Safety and Health Standards, 29FR 1910, obtainable from the U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402.
4.
ANSI Standard Z87.1, Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face Protection, obtainable from the American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
5.
ANSI Standard Z41.1, Standard for Men's Safety-Toe Footwear, obtainable from the American National
Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
6.
ANSI Standard Z49.2, Fire Prevention in the Use of Cutting and Welding Processes, obtainable from the
American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
7.
AWS Standard A6.0, Welding and Cutting Containers Which Have Held Combustibles, obtainable from
the American Welding Society, 550 LeJeune Road, P.O. Box 351040, Miami, FL 33135.
8.
NFPA Standard 51, Oxygen — Fuel Gas Systems for Welding and Cutting, obtainable from the National
Fire Protection Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210.
9.
NFPA Standard 70-1978, National Electrical Code, obtainable from the National Fire Protection Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210.
10.
NFPA Standard 51B, Cutting and Welding Processes, obtainable from the National Fire Protection
Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210.
11.
CGA Pamphlet P-1, Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, obtainable from the Compressed
Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202.
12.
CSA Standard W117.2, Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, obtainable from the Canadian Standards
Association Standard Sales, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario M9W 1R3, Canada.
13.
NWSA booklet, Welding Safety Bibliography, obtainable from the National Welding Supply Association,
1900 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103.
14.
American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping That Have Held Hazardous Substances, obtainable from the American Welding Society, 550 LeJeune Road, P.O. Box 351040, Miami, FL 33135.
15.
ANSI Standard Z88.2, Practices for Respiratory Protection, obtainable from the American National
Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
16.
Canadian Electrical Code Part 1, Safety Standards for Electrical Installations, obtainable from the
Canadian Standards Association, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W1R3.
b-1
Service Manual
APPENDIX C
MACHINE INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS
See the following page for machine interface board and cable details.
PLASMA START
Logic
Close external contacts to START
Recommended interface
Mechanical relay contacts, gold or fine-silver
Allowable leakage-current
100 microamps, DC or AC peak
Maximum allowable snubber across START
contacts
0.01 µF capacitor
Maximum voltage
300 V peak
"HOT" OCV, machine interface PCB (041494)
terminal J1-1
38 VDC peak, half-wave plulsing at 50 or 60 Hz
"HOT" short-circuit current, machine interface
PCB (041494) terminal J1-1
32 milliamps DC peak, half-wave pulsing at 50
or 60 Hz
"SIGNAL" current required to activate 041494
terminal J1-2
650 microamps DC peak
"SIGNAL" voltage required to activate 041494
terminal J1-2
23.1 volts DC peak, half-wave pulsing at 50 or
60 Hz
MACHINE MOTION
Logic
Mechanical relay contacts close on arc transfer
Contact material
Silver-Cadmium-Oxide (AgCdO)
Contact rating
8 amps
Resistive-capacitive snubber
None
Transient voltage suppression
250 V peak
Maximum voltage
120 VAC, 180 V peak
Service Manual
c-1
a-1
APPENDIX C
Machine Interface PCB 041494
Machine Interface
PCB 041494
Signal:
Connector on rear of
power supply
Power supply
internal wire
harness color
Machine interface
Cable 023206
wire color
J1-1
START - HOT
Socket 3
Red
Green
J1-2
START-SIGNAL
Socket 4
White
Black
J1-3
TRANSFER
Socket 12
Red
Red
J1-4
TRANSFER
Socket 14
Red/Black
Black
Chassis common
Ground
Socket 13
Green/Yellow
None (cut)
J1-6
ARC VOLTAGE +
J1-8
ARC VOLTAGE -
Green
Black
Red
Black
Machine Interface Cable 023206
b-1
c-2
Service Manual
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement