International Pro Star Operator`s Manual

International Pro Star Operator`s Manual
CALIFORNIA
Be advised that this motor vehicle may be equipped with
computer / recording devices. Their function is to allow an
authorized individual to download data or information
relating to the operation or performance of this vehicle.
The stored data or information may be neither downloaded
nor retrieved except by the vehicle’s registered owner, or, in
the alternative, by another individual or entity authorized by
the registered owner, such as an International Dealer, who
may need this data or information to properly service or
diagnose this vehicle for repair or following an accident.
Any access to this information without the owner’s consent
may be in violation of law and may subject that person or
entity to criminal penalties.
Proposition 65 Warning
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its
constituents are known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, and other
reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer
and reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
PROSTAR®+ Series
ProStar+ Models
NOTICE
Important
The information, specifications, and illustrations contained in this manual are based on data that
was current at the time of publication. International reserves the right to make changes and/or
improvements at any time without notification or liability, or without applying those changes or
improvements to vehicles previously manufactured.
All Rights Reserved
3878859R2
Printed in the United States of America
© 2010 Navistar, Inc.
December 2010
Make sure your use of this completed vehicle conforms to all federal, state
and local requirements and regulations imposed on owners and operators.
Operator’s Manual – PROSTAR®+ Series
IMPORTANT
IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (VIN), AND COMPONENT FEATURE CODE AND SERIAL
NUMBERS BE RECORDED. THESE NUMBERS ARE REQUIRED TO OBTAIN INFORMATION PERTINENT TO THIS VEHICLE.
VIN (VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER) LOCATION
®
ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION
®
®
LoneStar , 9000i, ProStar®+, TranStar ,
®
®
®
PayStar , WorkStar , DuraStar , and
TerraStar™ Series: Located left door
opening, rear post
COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
NUMBERS
Component Feature Codes appear on the
vehicle line set ticket.
Component serial numbers appear on the
components.
Feature Code:
FRONT AXLE
REAR AXLE
TRANSFER CASE
TRANSMISSION
ENGINE
Serial Number:
MAXXFORCE : Stamped on pad – right side
of the crankcase, below cylinder head
WORLD HEADQUARTERS
Navistar, Inc.
4201 Winfield Road
Warrenville, Illinois 60555 USA
INTERNATIONAL INTERNET SITE
internationaltrucks.com
SALES REGIONS
MIDWEST
Navistar, Inc.
4201 Winfield Road
PO Box 1488
Warrenville, Illinois 60555
630-753-5900
NORTHEAST
Navistar, Inc.
Cherry Tree Corporate Center
535 Route 38 East, Suite 300
Cherry Hill, New Jersey 08002
856-486-2300
SOUTHEAST
Navistar, Inc.
2400 Commerce Avenue
Building 1100, Suite 100
Duluth, Georgia 30096
678-584-2700
SOUTHWEST
Navistar, Inc.
2595 Dallas Parkway, Suite 203
Frisco, Texas 75034
972-377-1200
WEST
Navistar, Inc.
3017 Douglas Boulevard, Suite 300
Roseville, California 95661
916-774-7526
CANADA
Navistar Canada, Inc.
5500 North Service Road – 4th Floor
Box 5337
Burlington, Ontario L7L 5H7
905-332-3323
MEXICO
Navistar Mexico SA DE CV
Ejército Nacional 904 – 8° Piso
Col, Palmas Polanco 11510 Mexico D.F.
525-262-6666
BRAZIL
International Caminhões do Brasil
Av. Carlos Gomes, 466 conj 1002
Bairro Auxiliadora – CEP 90480-000Porto Alegre/RS
55 51 4009-5800
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE CENTER
1-800-448-7825 (1-800-44-TRUCK)
Navistar, International, the International Diamond logo, with and without endorsement, ProStar, and MaxxForce
are registered trademarks of Navistar, Inc., or its subsidiaries, in the United States and other countries.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
3878859R2
Operator’s Manual – ProStar®+ Series
Service Publications
Operator’s Manual – ProStar®+ Series
An Operator’s Manual is shipped with this vehicle for
customer use. Information on the purchase of other available
service publications for this vehicle can be found on the
internationaltrucks.com Web site, or by contacting your local
International dealer.
Operator’s Manual
Form No. 3878859R2
It is the policy of Navistar, Inc. to improve its products whenever
it is possible and practical to do so. We reserve the right to make
changes or add improvements at any time without incurring any
obligation to make such changes on products sold previously.
© 2010 Navistar, Inc. All rights reserved.
3878859R2
Printed in the United States of America
Operator’s Manual – ProStar®+ Series
Printed in the United States of America
3878859R2
Table of Contents
Section 1 – Foreword
Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Cautions and Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Assistance Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Component Code Numbers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Line Set Ticket. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Vehicle Storage Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Storage Duration - One Month or Less. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Storage Duration - Over One Month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Storage Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Exterior Noise Emissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Tampering with Noise Control System Prohibited. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Emission Control Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Maintenance Record – Noise Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Reporting Safety Defects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
U.S. Registered Vehicles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Canadian Registered Vehicles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Safety Recalls and Authorized Field Changes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Customer Security Guide for International Trucks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Optional Diamond Logic® Electronic Application Solutions. . . . .8
Section 2 – Model Description
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Available Models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Vehicle Identification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Feature Codes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Engine Serial Number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Line Set Ticket. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Exterior Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Cab Entry and Exit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
3878859R2
Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Raising the Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Lowering the Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Lowering the Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Raising the Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Luggage Box Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Driver and Passenger Side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Chassis Skirts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Removal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Extended Chassis Skirts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Section 3 – Inspection Guide
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Tractor Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Exterior Lights Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Left Side Cab Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Left Engine Compartment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Left Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Right Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Right Engine Compartment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Right Side of Cab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Right Side Under Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Right Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Left Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Fifth Wheel and Coupling Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
i
Table of Contents
Cab Interior Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Section 4 – Controls/Features
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Electrical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Electrical System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Dash Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Overhead Console. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Warning Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Gauges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster Alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Direct Drive Warning Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Integral Digital Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
General Text and Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Optional Instrument panel gauge cluster Compass
Calibration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Compass Declination Zone Set Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Compass Directional Calibration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Integral Digital Display Detailed Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Headlights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Daytime Running Lights (DRL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Lights On With Wipers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Park Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Panel Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Dome Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Courtesy Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Steering Wheel Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Cruise Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
ii
Steering Column and Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Center Dash Panel/Wing Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Gauges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Climate Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Air Conditioning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Dehumidification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Electronic Vehicle Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Base Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Premium Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
SmartWave® Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Door and Window Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Door Lock/Unlock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Cab Doors and Locks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Remote Keyless Entry Operation (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Lock/Unlock From Interior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Automatic Door Lock Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Driver/Passenger Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Manual Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Power Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Window Lockout Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Mirror Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Vent Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Eaton VORAD Collision Warning System (Optional). . . . . . . . . . .93
System Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Driver Reward. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Section 5 – Sleeper Features
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Main Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
3878859R2
Table of Contents
Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Dome Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Reading Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Floor Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Accent Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Sleeper Control Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Accent Light Dimmer Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Accent Light Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Sleeper Dome/Floor Light Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Engine Control Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Manual Climate Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Electronic Climate Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Power Receptacle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Radio Remote Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Remote Power Inverter Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Bunk Restraint System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Adjustable Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Restraint Webbing System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Lower Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105
Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
Entering The Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Exiting The Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Cabinets/Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109
Cabinets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Refrigerator Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
3878859R2
Horizontal Refrigerator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Dresser Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Tower Wardrobe Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
Rear Wardrobe Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
Airline Cabinets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
Convenience Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Sleeper Curtain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Television Mount. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Power Inverter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Power Sockets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Speakers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Floor Covering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Sleeper Fan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Section 6 – Operation
Operation Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117
Cab Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
Seat Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119
Care of Seat Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120
Seats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Starting Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
Engine Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
After the Engine Starts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Engine Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
iii
Table of Contents
Emergency Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Cold Weather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Cold Weather Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Cold Weather Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Engine Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Engine Idle Shutdown Timer (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Winter Front Usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Hot Weather Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Operating Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128
Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128
Adjustable Steering Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
Electrical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Alternator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
BATTERY ON Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Circuit Breakers, Fuses and Fusible Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Electrical Load Control and Shedding (ELCS). . . . . . . . . . . .132
Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Charge Air Cooler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Electronic Engine Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Engine Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15 Engine Brake With
Eaton
AutoShift®/UltraShift®
Transmissions
Special Driver Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
MaxxForce® Engine Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Certified Clean Idle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Self Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Air Compressor Cycling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
iv
Engine Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Engine Performance Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Unacceptable Fuel Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Hazards of Diesel Fuel/Gasoline Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Additional Unsafe Practices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fuel and Lubricant Additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fueling Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fueling Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Reserve Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Exhaust Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration. . . . . . . . . . .139
Parked Regeneration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Two-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Three-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Manual Transmissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Engaging the Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
Hydraulic Clutch Actuation System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144
Double Clutch Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Clutch Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Eaton AutoShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .146
Eaton UltraShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Clutch Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Power Take-off Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Rear Axles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Locking or Limited Slip Differentials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Tandem Axle Power Divider Lock (PDL) Control. . . . . . . . .149
Driver Controlled Differential Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Rear Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Rear Air Ride Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
3878859R2
Table of Contents
Rear Air Suspension Air Dump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Air Suspension System Faults. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
Downhill Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
Air Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
Air Gauge, Low Air Pressure Beeper and Warning
Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Reservoir Moisture Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Brake Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Parking Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Parking Brake Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Parking Brake Alarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Air Dryer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Trailer Brake Hand Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Trailer Air Supply and Parking Brake Modular Controls. . .156
Parking Brake Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Bobtail Proportioning System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Antilock Brake System (ABS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
ABS Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
ABS Self Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Antilock Driving Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Automatic Traction Control (ATC) System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
ATC System Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
ATC OFF ROAD or MUD/SNOW Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Stability Control Systems – Bendix® RSP/WABCO
RSC/Bendix ESP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Towing Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162
Tow Hooks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
3878859R2
Towing Vehicle With Front Wheels Suspended. . . . . . . . . . .164
Towing Vehicles With Driver Controlled Differential
Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Removing Axle Shafts Before Towing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Installing Axle Shafts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Towing Vehicle With Rear Wheels Suspended. . . . . . . . . . .165
Tractor-Trailer Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Connecting/Disconnecting a Trailer to a Vehicle with
Air Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Fifth Wheel Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Fifth Wheel Slide Switch (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Hook-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Un-Hook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Fifth Wheel Jaw Unlock Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Fifth Wheel Jaw Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Section 7 – Maintenance Instructions
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
Maintenance Guidelines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
Supporting Your Vehicle for Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173
Chassis Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173
Air Conditioning Service Checks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
HVAC Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Side Access HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Front Access HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
Recirculation Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
Sleeper HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Axles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Front Axle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Inspection and Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Normal Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
v
Table of Contents
Alignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Rear Axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Inspection and Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Locking Differential. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Air Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Inspection and Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Air Dryer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .180
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .180
Desiccant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Purge Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Air Reservoir/Tanks Moisture Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
ABS Connections and Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Cab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Care of Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Washing and Waxing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Bright Metal Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Upholstery Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Exposed Rubber and Unpainted Plastic Parts. . . . . . . . . . . .182
Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Pedal Free Travel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Hydraulic Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Electrical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Battery Cables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
Electrical Charging and Starting System Test. . . . . . . . . . . .185
Terminal Inspection-Cleaning-Corrosion Protection. . . . . .185
Accessory Feed Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Fuses and Relays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
vi
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Engine fluids and contaminated material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Scheduled Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Air Induction System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Air Restriction Gauge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .188
Air Cleaner Element Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .189
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Charge Air Cooler And Radiator Core Inspection
And Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Inspection and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Coolant Level Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Filling Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Coolant and Optional Coolant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant Concentration Freeze Point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Antifreeze. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Fan Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Fuel System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Fuel Tank Draining and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Crankcase Ventilation Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Frame. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Noise Emissions – Exterior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Instructions for Proper Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Air Intake System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Engine Noise Shields/Blankets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Exhaust System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Regeneration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Drive Shafts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
3878859R2
Table of Contents
Suspension (Air and Steel Springs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Front Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Rear Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
Tightening Steering Intermediate Shaft Joint Bolts. . . . . .198
Lubrication Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Power Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Tires. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Tire Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Tire Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Checking Inflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Underinflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
SmartWave® Tire Pressure Monitoring System
(TPMS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202
Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202
Loads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Dual Tires Matching. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Dual Tires Mixing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Rotation Is Advisable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Tire Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Wheel and Tire Balancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Irregular Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Use of Tire Chains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Wheels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Wheel and Wheel Nut Maintenance and Installation. . . . .205
Wheel Nut Torque Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Hub-Piloted Wheel Installation Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .208
3878859R2
Section 8 – Maintenance Intervals and
Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209
Maintenance Intervals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209
Lubrication and Fluids Charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .217
Components Requiring Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .218
Components Requiring Fluid Check and Fill. . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Unit Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Cooling System Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Crankcase and Oil Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Hydraulic Clutch System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Power Steering Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .221
Rear Axle Unit Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222
Lubricant and Sealer Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .223
Torque Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
U-Bolt Nut Torque Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
Disc Wheel Nut Torque Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228
Fuse Charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228
Typical Interior Fuse Panel Layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .229
Typical Luggage Compartment Fuse Panel Layout. . . . . .230
ProStar®+ Series Light Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231
Filter List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
Section 9 – Customer Assistance
Service Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233
International Truck Warranty Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233
vii
Table of Contents
Section 10 – Index
Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .235
viii
3878859R2
Foreword
SECTION 1 — FOREWORD
Preface
Your vehicle has been engineered and manufactured so that it
can provide economical and trouble-free service. However, it is
the owner’s responsibility to see that the vehicle receives proper
care and maintenance.
Making modifications to various parts, components, and
systems of your vehicle, such as brake, suspension, and
steering systems, can adversely affect the quality and reliability
of your vehicle. Such modifications must be avoided.
Cautions and Warnings
Throughout this manual, you will find Cautions and Warnings:
WARNING
Warnings advise you of hazards,
the
consequences, and what to do to prevent
them, not only to prevent damage to your vehicle
or property, but to help prevent situations and
occurrences, which could result in personal
injury or death.
CAUTION
Cautions will advise you of the proper care to
be taken to prevent damage to your vehicle or
property.
3878859R2
Study this manual carefully. Do not operate your vehicle until you
are completely familiar with the contents of this manual. Always
retain this manual in your vehicle for reference. If you sell the
vehicle, make sure the manual goes with it.
Assistance Guide
When parts are required, always provide the unit code number,
vehicle model, and vehicle serial number.
Request the
salesperson to assist you in obtaining this information upon
delivery.
For information not given in this manual, or if you require
services of trained service personnel, we urge you to contact a
nearby International dealer or phone 1-800-44-TRUCK (87825)
for assistance.
Every customer is entitled to the best service, both from the
product itself and from the firm that sells and services that
product.
If, for any reason, you do not feel you are receiving these services
in connection with the operation of your vehicle or the sales
transaction, you should return to your selling dealer, so that these
matters can be corrected to your satisfaction. If the matter is not
resolved at that time, it is suggested that the following steps be
taken:
Contact a Member of Management at the Dealer.
Discuss the details of the difficulty. In most instances, any
problem can be resolved to your satisfaction by the owner or
manager in charge.
1
Foreword
Contact Closest Navistar, Inc. Regional Sales Office.
Line Set Ticket
Addresses of Regional Sales Offices are found in the front
of this manual. Should you desire to contact any of these
offices, it is important to include the following information in your
communication:
Each vehicle is provided with a Line Set Ticket (code sheet),
which lists identification code numbers of component units used
to build the vehicle.
•
Name under which new vehicle was purchased, address,
and telephone number of purchaser
•
Vehicle model, year, vehicle identification
component code, and serial number
•
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
•
Location where purchased
•
Details of the problem
number,
Component Code Numbers
Code numbers are the basis for identifying the components used
on International trucks. They are used by sales personnel to
order the truck, by manufacturing to build that truck, and by parts
personnel to service the truck. Many items in this manual are
identified by codes.
Code numbers are a combination of numbers and/or letters.
These codes are listed on the Line Set Ticket, which is
sometimes known as the vehicle specification card or code
sheet.
One copy of the Line Set Ticket is included in the literature
provided with the vehicle.
When replacement parts are
required, take this copy with you to positively identify vehicle
components to be sure of getting the correct parts.
Be Sure To Return Line Set Ticket To Vehicle After Obtaining
Parts.
Vehicle Storage Instructions
When a vehicle is not used for an extended period of time,
precautions must be taken to prevent deterioration of vehicle
components. Vehicles that are out of service for extended
periods of time can experience corrosion and other undesirable
effects. Drive vehicle monthly to exercise the brakes, driveline
and steering. Run the vehicle long enough for the engine to
reach operating temperature.
NOTE: Losses occurring to a unit while it is in storage will not be
considered for warranty reimbursement.
Storage Duration - One Month or Less
1. Wash vehicles as necessary. Always wash vehicles that
have been exposed to road salt.
2
3878859R2
Foreword
NOTE: Washing Instructions - Wash the vehicle with warm water
and mild soap, then wipe wet surfaces with a chamois or soft
cloth. DO NOT use hot water or strong soaps or detergents. DO
NOT wash the vehicle in direct sun, or when the sheet metal is
hot to the touch. This will streak the finish. DO NOT wipe dirt off
dry surfaces, as this will scratch the finish.
8. Check state of charge eye in batteries and re-charge if open
circuit voltage is below 12.6 volts. Disconnect battery ground
cables to prevent accidental starting, or parasitic electrical
loads from discharging the battery.
NOTE: When vehicles are stored outside, particularly in coastal
areas (salt water and high humidity atmosphere) or other
areas of corrosive environment, paint and bright metal may
require frequent washing and waxing to prevent deterioration.
Determining washing frequency is the customers responsibility.
Units in storage longer than one month should be driven until the
engine reaches operating temperature:
Storage Duration - Over One Month
1. Insure all tires are inflated properly, remove vertical exhaust
stack covers and reconnect batteries.
2. Check all vehicle fluid levels and fill as required.
NOTE: For vehicles exposed to ultraviolet rays of the sun, apply
a coating of Bon-Ami® soap, or similar product, to the inside
surfaces of the windshield and windows, to shade the interior
and prevent fading of the interior trim.
2. Inspect painted surfaces; touch up all exposed primed or raw
metal areas to prevent rust.
3. a thick coat of wax to prevent discoloration from the
elements; wax all chrome and stainless steel metal parts.
4. Check the radiator coolant for proper level and adequate
freeze protection [-20°F (-29°C) is standard for medium duty
models and bus chassis, -40°F (-40°C) is standard for heavy
duty models].
5. Cover open ends of vertical exhaust stack(s).
3. Start and run the vehicle at fast idle, until it reaches operating
temperature. To remove surface charge from the battery,
built up from previous start-ups and short idle periods,
operate the heater and/or air conditioner, headlights and
other accessories for several minutes.
4. Turn off heater and/or air conditioner and any other
accessories; shut off the headlights. Park the vehicle and
shut off the engine.
5. Perform the procedure for Storage Duration - One Month
or Less, if returning the vehicle to storage.
NOTE: After every 30 additional days of storage, perform Items
1 through 5.
6. Drain air brake reservoirs and close the drain cocks.
7. Lubricate all exposed transmission, auxiliary transmission
and PTO shift rails.
3878859R2
3
Foreword
Storage Facilities
A. Whenever possible, store vehicles indoors, protected
from sunlight, in a dry, well ventilated area. If indoor
storage is not available, select storage lots to eliminate
conditions that cause deterioration.
B. Park away from transformers and/or electrical motors,
because when the protective wax in tire compound
cracks, ozone in the air attacks the exposed areas.
C. Park away from trees, high weeds and/or grass to
prevent damage from tree or weed sap, and to minimize
bird and insect stains.
D. Park away from railroad tracks, paint shops, smoky
industrial areas, and locations of possible road splash
contact.
E. If a vehicle is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
Exterior Noise Emissions
Many operators and owners of the type of vehicles described
herein are subject to Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations
and Noise Emission Requirements. All owners and operators
are urged to obtain a copy and comply with these regulations.
Copies of these regulations can be purchased from:
Superintendent of Documents
U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402
Navistar, Inc. warrants to the first person who purchases this
vehicle for purposes other than resale and to each subsequent
4
purchaser that this vehicle, as manufactured by Navistar, Inc.,
was designed, built, and equipped to conform at the time it left
Navistar, Inc. control with all applicable U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency Noise Control Regulations.
This warranty covers this vehicle as designed, built, and
equipped by Navistar, Inc. and is not limited to any particular
part, component, or system of the vehicle manufactured by
Navistar, Inc. Defects in design, assembly, or in any part,
component, or system of the vehicle as manufactured by
Navistar, Inc., which at the time it left Navistar, Inc. control,
that cause noise emissions to exceed Federal standards are
covered by this warranty for the life of the vehicle.
Tampering with Noise Control System Prohibited
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof:
(1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other
than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement, of
any device or element of design incorporated into any new
vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or
delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use, or (2) The
use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has
been removed or rendered inoperative by any person. Among
those acts presumed to constitute tampering are the acts
listed as follows: A. Air Intake System: Removal of air cleaner,
intake silencer, or piping. B. Acoustical Shielding (Body):
Removal of wheel well splash shields, cab shields, or acoustical
(underhood) insulation. C. Cooling System: 1. Removal or
rendering inoperative the fan clutch. 2. Removal of fan shrouds.
D. Engine and Driveline System: 1. Removal or rendering
engine speed governor inoperative so as to allow engine speed
to exceed manufacturer specifications. 2. Removal of engine
3878859R2
Foreword
block shield, oil sump shield, or transmission enclosures. E.
Exhaust System: Removal or rendering inoperative exhaust
system components, including muffler, resonator, or tailpipe.
Use the following Maintenance Record – Noise Control form to
log Noise Emission Maintenance of, at a minimum, the above
systems.
Emission Control Systems
NOTE: Federal and California emission system warranties are
found in your Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual.
Maintenance Record – Noise Control
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying Navistar, Inc. To notify Navistar,
Inc., see regional numbers listed in the front of the manual.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation and, if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or Navistar, Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 202-366-0123 in
Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department
of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain
other information about motor vehicle safety from the hotline.
Canadian Registered Vehicles
Chassis Model:
Maintenance
Performed
Vehicle Identification Number:
Maintainer
(Name)
Location
Date
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect, which could cause
a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately
contact Navistar, Inc. Canada and then Transport Canada.
To contact Navistar, Inc.
Canada, you may either call
the Regional Service Manager (Canadian Sales Region)
905-332-2357 or write to: Navistar, Inc. Canada, 5500 North
Service Road, Box 5337, Burlington, Ontario L7L 5H7.
Reporting Safety Defects
U.S. Registered Vehicles
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect, which could cause
a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately
inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
3878859R2
To contact Transport Canada, Defect Investigations and Recalls,
you may call 1-800-333-0510 or write to: Transport Canada,
ASFAD, Place de Ville Tower C, 330 Sparks Street, Ottawa,
Ontario K1A 0N5.
Safety Recalls and Authorized Field Changes
Safety Recalls and Authorized Field Changes are two campaigns
that are used to notify owners of modifications that may involve
5
Foreword
their vehicle. If you receive such notification, PLEASE FOLLOW
ALL INSTRUCTIONS PROVIDED IN THE CUSTOMER
LETTER. If your vehicle is part of a Safety Recall campaign,
the recall service procedure must be completed to ensure safe
operation of your vehicle. As a vehicle owner, you must provide
International dealers with address corrections and changes to
ensure that you receive all notifications. Please verify that your
local dealer has your correct address. Dealers will also have a
record of any outstanding campaigns that affect your vehicle.
Customer Security Guide for International Trucks
This guide has been prepared to help you protect your vehicle
investment from theft. We realize the financial commitment you
have made is significant, and that you depend on that vehicle
to generate profits and a livelihood. Vehicle theft can be more
than an economic crime. Protecting your vehicle from theft
or hijacking can be crucial to the safety and security of the
country and economy. While no system or device is 100 percent
effective, our intention is to provide some tips that you or your
drivers can use to reduce the risk of theft.
If you suspect vehicle theft activity, take a minute to tell the
National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) at 1-800-TEL-NICB.
You can make the free call anonymously, and you might be
eligible for a reward. To learn more about vehicle theft and how
you can protect yourself, visit the NICB’s Web site, www.nicb.org.
6
Add Layers of Protection
Four layers of protection are recommended for your vehicle - the
more layers of protection on your vehicle, the more difficult it is
to steal.
Layer 1: Common Sense
•
Lock your doors.
•
Remove your keys from the ignition.
•
Close your windows completely.
•
Park in well-lit areas.
•
Drop a business card with your name on it between the glass
and doorframe. This can aid in identifying the truck when it’s
recovered.
•
Keep a copy of the lineset ticket in a location other than your
truck for reporting purposes and a copy of the VIN in your
wallet.
•
Photograph the interior and exterior of your truck from
various angles and keep these photographs in a safe
nontruck location or send them to your insurance agent.
•
Report a theft as soon as it’s discovered to the local police
and to your insurance company.
•
Post a driver has no cash sign on your door to discourage a
robbery.
3878859R2
Foreword
•
Permanently mount your CB radio or remove it when you will
be away from your truck.
•
Do not discuss where your vehicle is located when you are
not on the road.
•
Do not share information about your specific destination or
the load you are hauling.
•
Be conscious of other vehicles that may be following you
over long distances - call the police.
•
Be suspicious of motorists that are signaling you to stop or
pull over. Call the police, report the incident, and let the
police respond.
Layer 2: Visible or Audible Device
Layer 3: Vehicle Immobilizer
A. Fuse cutoffs
B. Kill switches
C. Starter, ignition, and fuel disablers
D. Fuel cutoff switch
Layer 4: Tracking System
The final layer is a tracking system that emits a signal to the
police or a monitoring service when the vehicle is reported
stolen. If your vehicle has a tracking system and is stolen, it can
oftentimes be recovered faster and with less damage.
VIN:
•
Audible alarm system
Model/Year:
•
Steering wheel locks
Engine Serial Number:
•
Steering column collars
License Number:
•
Theft deterrent decals
Insurance Company:
•
Wheel locks
Policy Number:
•
Window etching
Phone Number:
•
Mechanical or electronic steering locks that restrict the
steering shaft U-joint are easy to use and provide a very
high level of affordable theft protection.
Other:
3878859R2
7
Foreword
Optional Diamond Logic® Electronic Application
Solutions
WARNING
This vehicle may be equipped from the factory
with electrical switches intended to operate
equipment that was installed by a truck
equipment manufacturer (TEM). Instructions,
Cautions, and Warnings for this additional
equipment will NOT be found in this manual.
Read and understand the appropriate manual
for the specific equipment in question before
operating. Failure to observe this warning may
cause property damage, personal injury, or death.
NOTE: This vehicle may be equipped with electronic
application-specific options not described in this Operator’s
Manual. Many of these features are supplied with rocker
switches that have custom labels applied. The presence of
these options as factory-installed can be verified from the
Line Set Ticket included with the vehicle. A truck equipment
manufacturer (TEM), however, may have installed some of
these options after production. In that case, they will not
appear on the Line Set Ticket. If installed by a TEM, you
should receive an operating guide and/or training for the specific
functions provided. Familiarize yourself with all of the switches
that control chassis, engine, and body equipment and seek
adequate training on the function of all features before operating
this vehicle.
8
3878859R2
Model Description
SECTION 2 — MODEL DESCRIPTION
Introduction
4 x 2 Day Cab with Full Aero Package
The International® ProStar®+ Series Truck is available in two
models, the International® ProStar®+ Series, International®
ProStar®+ Eagle Series.
This operator’s manual covers all versions. Illustrations in this
manual are used for reference only, and may differ slightly from
the actual vehicle. However, key components addressed in
the manual are represented as accurately as possible. Models
covered are shown on the following pages.
Available Models
4 x 2 Day Cab
6 x 4 Day Cab
3878859R2
9
Model Description
6 x 4 Day Cab with Full Aero Package
4 x 2 Short Sleeper (56-Inch) with Full Aero Package
4 x 2 Short Sleeper (56-Inch)
6 x 4 Short Sleeper (56-Inch)
10
3878859R2
Model Description
6 x 4 Short Sleeper (56-Inch) with Full Aero Package
4 x 2 Long Sleeper (73-Inch) with Full Aero Package
4 x 2 Long Sleeper (73-Inch)
6 x 4 Long Sleeper (73-Inch)
3878859R2
11
Model Description
6 x 4 Long Sleeper (73-Inch) with Full Aero Package
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is located on the
driver-side door. The VIN and model description are necessary
when ordering replacement parts or service manuals.
Feature Codes
Feature Codes are the basis for identifying the components used
on International® Trucks. They are used by sales personnel to
order the truck, by manufacturing to build that truck and by parts
personnel to service the truck. Many items in this manual are
identified by codes.
Feature Codes are a combination of numbers and/or letters.
These codes are listed on the Vehicle Line Set Ticket which
is sometimes known as the vehicle specification card or code
sheet.
12
3878859R2
Model Description
Engine Serial Number
The engine dataplate provides the engine serial number as
well as other engine information. For the location of this plate
and more information about engine components and engine
identification, refer to the Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual.
Each vehicle is provided with a Line Set Ticket (code sheet)
which lists identification code numbers of component units used
to build the vehicle.
One copy of the line set ticket is included in the literature provided
with the vehicle. When replacement parts are required, take this
copy with you to positively identify vehicle components to be sure
of getting the correct parts.
Line Set Ticket
NOTE: Be sure to return Line Set Ticket to vehicle after obtaining
parts.
3878859R2
13
Model Description
Exterior Components
14
3878859R2
Model Description
1. Luggage Door
8. Side Marker/Turn Light
2. External Hook-Ups for Telephone and TV
9. Fog Light
3. External Electrical Hook-Up (Shore Power)
10. Tilt-Away Bumper
4. Removable Skirt Option (Battery Access)
11. Headlight
5. Chassis Skirt (Aero)
12. VORAD (optional)
6. Fuel Cap
13. Sunshade
7. External Hook-Up for Block Heater
3878859R2
15
Model Description
16
3878859R2
Model Description
1. Work Lights
5. In-Transit Heat (optional)
2. Luggage Door
6. Gladhand Storage Bracket
3. Fuel Cap
7. Grab Handle
4. VORAD (optional)
3878859R2
17
Model Description
Cab Entry and Exit
Hood
WARNING
Raising the Hood
Do not step or climb upon any vehicle surface
unless it is slip-resistant and a handhold is
provided. Failure to follow this warning could
cause you to slip or fall and could result in
personal injury or death.
WARNING
A three-point stance should be used (three out
of four extremities should be in contact with
the vehicle climbing system) at all times. Face
inward towards the cab when entering and
exiting. Always keep steps and handholds in
continuous good repair. Make sure all attaching
bolts and hardware are tight, thus eliminating any
movement of steps and handholds. Keep steps,
grab handles and shoes free of grease, mud,
dirt, fuel, ice and snow. Use extra care during
inclement weather. Failure to follow this warning
could cause you to slip or fall and could result in
personal injury or death.
1. Hood
2. Hood Latch
3. Cowl
4. Hood Handle
5. Hood Restraining Shock
18
3878859R2
Model Description
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death, never put
any part of your body beneath a raised hood
unless the hood is all the way forward in its range
of motion and is fully settled in the over center
position.
CAUTION
To prevent damage to the windshield wipers,
return them to their normal position before
opening or closing hood.
Lowering the Hood
1. Make sure that the hood has no tools, parts, or people in its
path of motion.
2. Place both hands on the top edge of the grille and push the
hood backward over center and allow it to settle into lowered
position.
3. Engage hood latches at both sides of cowl.
Tilt-Away Bumper
CAUTION
Follow this procedure to prevent damage to the
hood and/or painted surfaces.
NOTE: To avoid pinching, do not lift or lower the hood from the
side.
1. Before opening the hood make sure that there is enough
room in front of the vehicle for the hood to open completely
without pinning or pinching yourself between the hood and
any other structures.
2. Release the latches on both sides of the cowl.
3. With both feet firmly on the ground, grasp the hood handle
and pull the hood forward over center and allow it to settle
into the raised position.
4. Make certain that the hood restraining shock is fully
extended before releasing hood.
3878859R2
To avoid injury, a decal is attached to the top on each side of the
bumper to identify the location not to place hands when raising
and lowering the tilt-away bumper.
19
Model Description
Lowering the Tilt-Away Bumper
1. Raise the hood to the fully upright position.
2. While standing on the driver-side of the Tilt-Away bumper,
support the bumper with the left hand and release the
bumper support latch with the right hand.
3. Walk around to the passenger-side of the Tilt-Away bumper.
4. Support the Tilt-Away bumper with the right hand and
release the bumper support latch with the left hand.
5. Grasp and slowly lower the Tilt-Away bumper until it is
supported by the support cables.
Raising the Tilt-Away Bumper
1. While standing on the passenger-side of the Tilt-Away
bumper, lift the bumper with the right hand and secure the
bumper using the support latch with the left hand.
2. Walk to the driver-side of the Tilt-Away bumper.
1. Bumper Support Latch
2. Hood
3. Secure the Tilt-Away bumper using the support latch with the
right hand.
4. Lower and latch the hood.
3. Support Cables
4. Tilt-Away Bumper
20
3878859R2
Model Description
Luggage Box Access
Chassis Skirts
Driver and Passenger Side
The optional chassis skirts on the International® ProStar®+
Series trucks are available to provide improved aerodynamics.
The rear driver side chassis skirt on sleeper models can be
conveniently removed without tools to gain access to the battery
box.
Removal
NOTE: Driver and passenger luggage boxes open in the same
manner.
NOTE: Luggage box doors automatically lock when closed.
Make sure you do not accidentally place and lock keys in the
luggage box.
Open the luggage box door using the ignition/door key. The door
will remain in a fully-opened position. To close the door, firmly
push the door down and to the locked position. The door will
automatically lock when shut.
3878859R2
1. Chassis Skirt
2. Keeper Bracket
3. Locking Handle in Unlock Position
21
Model Description
1. Locate the locking handle at the rear inside of the
chassis skirt.
2. Release the locking handle from the keeper bracket.
3. Rotate the locking handle downward 90° to release the
chassis skirt.
Installation
NOTE: There are two hooks on the back side of the chassis skirt
that must be fully engaged on the mounting bar to be secured
properly.
1. Grasp both ends of the chassis skirt, hold the bottom
of the chassis skirt away from the vehicle, and slide the
chassis skirt under the edge of the cab.
2. Lower the bottom of the chassis skirt onto the mounting
bar and align the chassis skirt on the front chassis skirt
and engage the two hooks.
3. Rotate the locking handle 90° upward to lock the chassis
skirt in position.
4. Secure the locking handle in the keeper bracket.
NOTE: If vehicle is ordered with the optional No Idle Solution, the
rear passenger side chassis skirt that covers additional batteries
will remove and install the same as the rear driver side chassis
skirt.
Extended Chassis Skirts
4. Grasp both ends of the chassis skirt and slide the
chassis skirt upward, under the cab.
5. Allow the bottom of the chassis skirt to come outward
and remove the chassis skirt from the vehicle.
22
Optional extended chassis skirts are available for the ProStar®+
Series trucks with sleeper and full aero package. While the
passenger’s side extended chassis skirt is stationary, the driver’s
side opens to allow access to the deck ladder. To open, pull out
on the upper right hand corner of the extended chassis skirt and
open to its full extension. To close, grab the upper right hand
corner of the extended chassis skirt and guide it to its fully closed
position.
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
SECTION 3 — INSPECTION GUIDE
Introduction
WARNING
General Information
WARNING
To prevent property damage, personal injury, or
death when servicing the vehicle, park on a flat
level service, set the parking brakes, turn the
engine off, and chock the wheels.
WARNING
Exercise care when working on vehicles with
running engines that are equipped with an
automatic fan clutch. The fan engages when
engine coolant reaches a predetermined
temperature or the refrigerant pressure (if
equipped with air conditioning) reaches a
predetermined setting. The fan will start with
no advance warning. Failure to observe these
precautions could result in vehicle damage,
personal injury, or death.
If vehicle is equipped with an automatic
transmission, have a qualified technician
regularly check operation of transmission neutral
start switch. If unit starts in gear, the vehicle
may inadvertently move, which could result in
property damage, personal injury, or death.
To be sure your vehicle is ready to operate, conduct a pre-trip
inspection at the beginning of each work period. This section
gives the operator suggested guidelines to be used in performing
tractor and trailer pre-trip inspections. Safety is the most
important and obvious reason for doing a pre-trip inspection.
Depending on the optional features of the vehicle being used
and any possible aftermarket items installed on the vehicle,
these guidelines should be modified to include other necessary
inspection points. Follow the steps in this section and check
them off to assure a proper vehicle inspection procedure. The
pages in this section may be reproduced locally and used on a
regular basis.
If any component or system does not pass this inspection, it
must be corrected before operating the vehicle. Take your time
going through the pre-trip inspection. Remember that a careful
pre-trip inspection saves time by eliminating unscheduled stops
to correct a faulty item.
Illustrations in this section identifies key locations of inspection
items. The illustrations herein are typical and may not represent
all engine applications.
3878859R2
23
Inspection Guide
Tractor Inspection
Exterior Lights Check
Preparation
Perform an automatic check of all exterior lights by doing the
following steps:
NOTE: Perform the following procedures prior to conducting the
pre-trip inspection.
1. Place the ignition key in the ON or ACC position, place
the transmission in neutral, and apply the parking brake.
•
Apply parking brakes.
2. Pressing the WORK LIGHT switch for approximately two
seconds before releasing will activate this feature.
•
Turn on parking lights and hazard lights.
•
Unhook the hood latches, raise the hood, unlatch and lower
the tilt-away bumper.
•
Check under the vehicle for oil, fuel, coolant leaks or other
signs of damage.
•
Use pull cables or open drain cocks to allow air tanks to expel
any existing water. Release pull cables or close drain cocks.
•
Chock wheels on tractor and trailer, if attached.
•
Start the engine and allow the air pressure to build up to
normal operating pressure of 115 to 130 psi (793 to 896
kPa). Stop engine.
3. The exterior light check will now cycle all vehicle lights
except the back-up light(s). The test flashes the exterior
lights on and off in three, two second cycles. The first
two second period illuminates park lights (clearance,
identification, side marker and license plate lights),
turn signal lights, low beam headlights, fog lights.
The second two second period illuminates park lights
(clearance, identification, side marker and license plate
lights), high beam headlights, brake lights, work lights.
The third two second period turns off all lights. This
cycle repeats until deactivated by the operator.
4. Walk around vehicle and inspect illumination of lights.
5. To cancel this feature, do one of the following: either
press the brake pedal, manually turn on any external
light, turn the key to OFF, or release the parking brake.
The feature will automatically cancel approximately
10 minutes after activation if not deactivated by the
operator.
6. Checking the backup lights requires two people and
the engine running. Depress the clutch (if applicable)
and select reverse while the second person observes
backup light operation.
24
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
Left Side Cab Area
Inspection Items
1. Cab Structure: Check body panels such as doors,
fairings, air shield, sunshade, and cab extenders for
signs of breaks or damage. Check condition of cab
mounting brackets and tilt hood latches.
2. Wipers: Check windshield wiper arms for proper spring
tension and wiper blades for damage.
3. Windshield: Check for damage to windshield and clean
if dirty.
4. Battery Box: Inspect for damage and secure mounting
of battery box. Remove battery box cover.
5. Batteries and Cables: Check that batteries are secured
and cases are not broken or leaking. Ensure cables are
free from damage. Tops of batteries and terminals must
be clean and free from foreign material. Replace battery
box cover.
NOTE: If the vehicle is equipped with side skirts, it will be
necessary to remove the left rear skirt to gain access to the
battery box.
3878859R2
6. Fuel Tank(s): Check to see that the fuel tank(s) and
cap(s) are secured and make sure there is no damage
or leaks at the tank(s) or fuel lines.
25
Inspection Guide
3. Fuel/Water Separator: Check sight globe (if Davco
equipped, inform maintenance personnel if fuel level is
at top of globe, which is an indication that the filter is due
for replacement) and drain into cup periodically. Inspect
for presence of water, and drain water as necessary.
Check for leaks.
Left Engine Compartment
4. Power Steering Fluid: Verify that the fluid level is
between the Cold or Hot (as applicable) MIN and MAX
marks.
5. Radiator and Charge Air Cooler: Check for loose
mounting and damage. Inspect condition of all hoses
for damage, cracks, and leaks. Inspect for foreign
material on face of cooling package. Carefully brush
away collected materials without bending cooling fins to
maintain proper airflow through cooling package.
1. Air Cleaner: Check air cleaner element, housing, and
hoses for loose connections or damage. Check air filter
restriction gauge for restriction reading. For element
replacement, see Air Cleaner Element Service in the
Maintenance Instructions section.
•
Air Lines and Wiring: Check air Lines and electrical wiring
for proper security, and for damage, and chafing. Listen for
audible air leaks.
•
Leaks: Check for signs of fluid puddles under vehicle, or wet
components in the engine compartment.
2. Oil Level: Use dipstick to verify that the oil level is
between the full and add marks.
26
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
Left Front of Tractor
WARNING
Do not operate vehicle if any of the following
conditions are evident. Loss of steering or
suspension could cause loss of vehicle control
and result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
NOTE: Retread tires are not recommended for use on steering
axles of trucks.
1. Steering Linkage: Inspect connecting links, arms, rods,
and steering intermediate shaft for worn, damaged,
loose, or missing components.
WARNING
If wheels or tires must be changed, obtain expert
tire service help. Mounting and demounting
of tires should only be performed by qualified
personnel using necessary safety procedures
and equipment, otherwise the result could be
property damage, personal injury, or death.
3878859R2
2. Steering Gear: Look for missing or loose fasteners,
power steering fluid leaks, and damage to power
steering hoses.
3. Frame: Check for cracks or bends in frame. Make sure
there are no loose, cracked, bent, broken or missing
crossmembers or crossmember fasteners.
4. Spring Suspension: Check condition of spring for
cracks, breaks, or shifting. Inspect spring hanger
fasteners, shackles, U-bolts, and nuts for wear, damage,
and tightness.
27
Inspection Guide
5. Shock Absorber: Check for cracks, leaks, and missing
or broken mounting bolts or bushings.
6. Air Suspension (if equipped): Check for air leaks, loose
components, and damage to air bag. Inspect stabilizer
bar for worn, loose, or damaged components.
7. Brake Chamber and Hoses: Check to see that the brake
chambers are not cracked or damaged, and are securely
mounted. Check for broken, loose or missing parts.
Check for cracked, worn or frayed hoses, and for secure
couplings.
8. Slack Adjuster: Check slack adjuster and chamber push
rod travel. When pulled by hand, push rod should not
move more than approximately one inch. Angle between
push rod and adjuster arm should be approximately 90
degrees when brakes are applied.
28
9. Brake Lining and Drum: With brakes released, check
to see that brake linings (where visible) are not
worn excessively thin [less than 1/4 inch (6mm)] or
contaminated by lubricant.
10. Wheel and Lug Nuts: Check for damaged or bent wheel.
Check to see that all lug nuts are present and not loose
(look for rust trails around nuts). Ensure that no cracks
or damage are present at wheel mount holes.
11. Tire: Check tread depth, tire inflation and note if tread
is evenly worn. Minimum tread depth is 4/32 inch on
steering tires. Look for cuts or other damage to the tread
or sidewalls. Check for missing, broken or damaged
valve cap and stem.
12. Hub: Check for obvious leaks on outside or inside of
wheel. Verify correct oil level in hub.
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
Front of Tractor
2. Headlights: Lenses should be clean. If equipped, check
daytime running lights.
3. Eaton VORAD Front Sensor (if equipped): Check for
damage and proper mounting. Ensure sensor’s view is
clear of mud, dirt, ice or any material or objects.
4. Bumper: Inspect for damage and security.
5. Grille: Inspect for damage and security. Check bug
screen for damage and cleanliness.
6. Hood and Fenders: Check hood panels and fenders for
signs of breaks or damage. Ensure hood opens and
closes properly.
1. Lighting System: Lower hood and inspect parking,
clearance, identification lights, turn signals, fog lights,
and reflectors on hood, bumper, and cab. They should
be clean, operational and the proper color.
3878859R2
29
Inspection Guide
Right Front of Tractor
WARNING
Do not operate vehicle if any of the following
conditions are evident. Loss of steering or
suspension could cause loss of vehicle control
and result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
NOTE: Retread tires are not recommended for use on steering
axles of trucks.
1. Spring Suspension: Check condition of spring for
cracks, breaks, or shifting. Inspect spring hanger
fasteners, shackles, U-bolts, and nuts for wear, damage,
and tightness.
2. Shock Absorber: Check for cracks, leaks, and missing
or broken mounting bolts or bushings.
WARNING
If wheels or tires must be changed, obtain expert
tire service help. Mounting and demounting
of tires should only be performed by qualified
personnel using necessary safety procedures
and equipment, otherwise the result could be
property damage, personal injury, or death.
30
3. Air Suspension (if equipped): Check for air leaks, loose
components, and damage to air bag. Inspect stabilizer
bar for worn, loose, or damaged components.
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
4. Wheel and Lug Nuts: Check for damaged or bent wheel.
Check to see that all lug nuts are present and not loose
(look for rust trails around nuts). Ensure that no cracks
or damage are present at wheel mount holes.
5. Tire: Check tread depth, tire inflation and note if tread
is evenly worn. Minimum tread depth is 4/32 inch on
steering tires. Look for cuts or other damage to the tread
or sidewalls. See if valve caps and stems are missing,
broken or damaged.
6. Hub: Check for obvious leaks on outside or inside of
wheel. Verify correct oil level in hub.
7. Steering Linkage: Inspect connecting links, arms, and
rods for worn, damaged, loose, or missing components.
9. Slack Adjuster: Check slack adjuster and chamber push
rod travel. When pulled by hand, push rod should not
move more than approximately one inch. Angle between
push rod and adjuster arm should be approximately 90
degrees when brakes are applied.
10. Brake Lining and Drum: With brakes released, check
to see that brake linings (where visible) are not
worn excessively thin [less than 1/4 inch (6mm)] or
contaminated by lubricant.
11. Frame: Check for cracks or bends in frame. Make sure
there are no loose, cracked, bent, broken or missing
crossmembers or crossmember fasteners.
8. Brake Chamber and Hoses: Check to see that the brake
chambers are not cracked or damaged, and are securely
mounted. Check for broken, loose or missing parts.
Check for cracked, worn or frayed hoses, and for secure
couplings.
3878859R2
31
Inspection Guide
1. Coolant Level: Do not remove pressure cap unless
coolant is cool. Ensure fluid level is between the
minimum and maximum fluid level range as marked on
the plastic translucent reservoir.
Right Engine Compartment
2. Radiator and Charge Air Cooler: Check for loose
mounting and damage. Inspect condition of all hoses
for damage, cracks, and leaks. Inspect for foreign
material on face of cooling package. Carefully brush
away collected materials without bending cooling fins to
maintain proper airflow through cooling package.
3. Windshield Washer Fluid Level: Inspect the reservoir
and verify that the fluid level is not empty and has
enough fluid to accomplish the upcoming mission. If
additional fluid is required, see Lubricant and Sealer
Specifications chart, in the Maintenance Intervals and
Specifications section, for the correct fluid type before
filling. Do not use water in freezing climates.
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death from
hot coolant or steam, use only the following
procedure to remove the pressure cap from the
radiator or expansion tank. Allow the engine to
cool first. Wrap a thick, heavy cloth around the
cap. Unscrew the cap slowly to allow pressure
to release from under the cap. After the pressure
has been released, the pressure cap may be
removed.
32
4. Drive Belts: Inspect all belts for frays, cracks, loose
fibers, or visible signs of wear. With engine off, press
on all belts to test for proper belt tensioner performance
5. Cowl Vent: Ensure air inlet cover is free of dirt and
debris.
•
Air Lines and Wiring: Check air Lines and electrical wiring
for proper security, damage, and chafing. Listen for audible
air leaks.
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
•
Leaks: Check for signs of fluid puddles under vehicle, or wet
components in the engine compartment.
Right Side of Cab
WARNING
Maintain adequate clearance between all parts of
the exhaust system and all hoses, wires and lines
for engine cooling, brake system, fuel system,
power steering system and electrical system.
Heat damage to hoses, wires may cause vehicle
malfunction that could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
1. Cab Structure: Check body panels such as doors,
fairings, air shield, and cab extenders for signs of
breaks or damage. Check condition of cab mounting
brackets and tilt hood latches.
2. Fuel Tank: Check to see that the fuel tank and cap are
secured and make sure there is no damage or leaks at
the tank or fuel lines.
3. Eaton VORAD sensor (if equipped): Check for damage
and proper mounting. Ensure sensor’s view is clear of
mud, dirt, ice or any material or objects.
3878859R2
33
Inspection Guide
1. Drive Shaft: Ensure that all shaft couplings are secure.
Right Side Under Vehicle
2. Exhaust System: Check to see that all component parts
are securely mounted and no cracks, holes, or severe
dents are visible. Evidence of soot build up around
clamps or connections is a clear indicator of a leak
being present. Ensure that all hoses, wires, and air
lines are secured away from exhaust components.
3. Transmission: Inspect for leaks.
4. Frame: Check for cracks or bends in frame. Make sure
there are no loose, cracked, bent, broken or missing
crossmembers or crossmember fasteners.
•
Air Lines and Wiring: Check air Lines and electrical wiring
for proper security, damage, and chafing. Listen for audible
air leaks.
WARNING
Maintain adequate clearance between all parts of
the exhaust system and all hoses, wires and lines
for engine cooling, brake system, fuel system,
power steering system and electrical system.
Heat damage to hoses, wires or lines may cause
vehicle malfunction that could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
34
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
Right Rear of Tractor
1. Brake Chamber and Hoses: Check for cracked, worn or
frayed hoses, and for secure couplings. Check to see
that the brake chambers are not cracked or dented and
that they are securely mounted. Check for broken, loose
or missing parts.
2. Slack Adjuster: Check slack adjuster and chamber push
rod travel. When pulled by hand, push rod should not
move more than approximately one inch. Angle between
push rod and adjuster arm should be approximately 90
degrees when brakes are applied.
3. Brake Lining and Drum: With brakes released, check
to see that brake linings (where visible) are not
worn excessively thin [less than 1/4 inch (6mm)] or
contaminated by lubricant.
WARNING
If wheels or tires must be changed, obtain expert
tire service help. Mounting and demounting
of tires should only be performed by qualified
personnel using necessary safety procedures
and equipment, otherwise the result could be
property damage, personal injury, or death.
3878859R2
4. Wheel and Lug Nuts: Check for damaged or bent wheel.
Check to see that all lug nuts are present and not loose
(look for rust trails around nuts). Ensure that no cracks
or damage are present at wheel mount holes.
35
Inspection Guide
8. Torque Rods and Shock Absorbers: Check to see that
torque rods are not cracked, broken or missing. Check
shock absorbers for cracks or leaks. There should be
no missing or broken mounting bolts or worn bushings.
5. Tires: Check tread depth, tire inflation and note if tread
is evenly worn. Minimum tread depth is 2/32 inch on all
drive tires. Look for cuts or other damage to the tread
sidewalls. See if valve caps and stems are missing,
broken or damaged. Check dual spacing to ensure that
dual wheels are evenly separated, and that tires are not
touching one another.
9. Air Suspension (if equipped): Check for air leaks, loose
components, and damage to air bag. Inspect ride height
valve and linkage for damage.
6. Hub: Check for obvious leaking on outside or inside of
wheel. Inspect axle flanges and wheel seals for leaks
and loose mounting hardware or broken items. Check
lube level, if equipped with sight glass.
7. Spring Suspension: Check condition of spring for
cracks, breaks, or shifting. Inspect spring hanger
fasteners, shackles, U-bolts, and nuts for wear, damage,
and tightness.
36
10. Frame: Check for cracks or bends in frame. Make sure
there are no loose, cracked, bent, broken or missing
crossmembers or crossmember fasteners.
•
Air Lines and Wiring: Check air lines and electrical wiring for
proper security, damage, and chafing. Listen for audible air
leaks.
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
Rear of Tractor
1. Lights and Reflectors: Check to see that reflectors and
lights are clean. Make sure none are missing or broken.
Rear running lights should be clean, not broken and red
in color.
2. Frame: Check for cracks or bends in frame. Make sure
there are no loose, cracked, bent, broken or missing
crossmembers or crossmember fasteners.
3. Mud flaps: Inspect rear mud flaps and mountings for
damage and proper security.
•
3878859R2
Air Lines and Wiring: Check air Lines and electrical wiring
for proper security, and for damage, and chafing. Listen for
audible air leaks.
37
Inspection Guide
1. Brake Chamber and Hoses: Check for cracked, worn or
frayed hoses, and for secure couplings. Check to see
that the brake chambers are not cracked or dented and
that they are securely mounted. Check for broken, loose
or missing parts.
Left Rear of Tractor
2. Slack Adjuster: Check slack adjuster and chamber push
rod travel. When pulled by hand, push rod should not
move more than approximately one inch. Angle between
push rod and adjuster arm should be approximately 90
degrees when brakes are applied.
3. Brake Lining and Drum: With brakes released, check
to see that brake linings (where visible) are not
worn excessively thin [less than 1/4 inch (6mm)] or
contaminated by lubricant.
WARNING
4. Frame: Check for cracks or bends in frame. Make sure
there are no loose, cracked, bent, broken or missing
crossmembers or crossmember fasteners.
If wheels or tires must be changed, obtain expert
tire service help. Mounting and demounting
of tires should only be performed by qualified
personnel using necessary safety procedures
and equipment, otherwise the result could be
property damage, personal injury, or death.
38
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
5. Wheel and Lug Nuts: Check for damaged or bent wheel.
Check to see that all lug nuts are present and not loose
(look for rust trails around nuts). Ensure that no cracks
or damage are present at wheel mount holes.
8. Spring Suspension: Check condition of spring for
cracks, breaks, or shifting. Inspect spring hanger
fasteners, shackles, U-bolts, and nuts for wear, damage,
and tightness.
6. Tires: Check tread depth, tire inflation and note if tread
is evenly worn. Minimum tread depth is 2/32 inch on all
drive tires. Look for cuts or other damage to the tread
and sidewalls. See if valve caps and stems are missing,
broken or damaged. Check dual spacing to ensure that
dual wheels are evenly separated, and that tires are not
touching one another.
9. Torque Rods and Shock Absorbers: Check to see that
torque rods are not cracked, broken or missing. Check
shock absorbers for cracks or leaks. There should be
no missing or broken mounting bolts or worn bushings.
7. Hub: Check for obvious leaking on outside or inside of
wheel. Inspect axle flanges and wheel seals for leaks
and loose mounting hardware or broken items. Check
lube level, if equipped with sight glass.
3878859R2
10. Air Suspension (if equipped): Check for air leaks, loose
components, and damage to air bag. Inspect ride height
valve and linkage for damage.
•
Air Lines and Wiring: Check air Lines and electrical wiring
for proper security, damage, and chafing. Listen for audible
air leaks.
39
Inspection Guide
Fifth Wheel and Coupling Area
2. Lubrication: Make sure that top surface (face) of the 5th
wheel has a coat of grease.
3. Mounting Bolts and Release Handle: Look for loose
or missing mounting brackets, clamps, bolts or nuts.
All locking pins must be in place and free of damage.
Ensure that release handle is in the engaged position
and the safety latch is functioning and free of damage.
4. Deck Plate and Access Steps: Check to ensure that the
deck plate and steps are clean, securely bolted in place,
and clear of loose objects.
5. Trailer Coupling Cords: Inspect air lines and electrical
cord for cuts, chafing, damage, and proper security.
Check air lines for audible air leaks.
1. Sliding 5th Wheel (if equipped): Check for loose or
missing pins in the slide mechanism. If air powered,
check for air leaks. Make sure that 5th wheel is not so
far forward that tractor frame or mud flaps will strike
trailer landing gear during turns.
40
6. Work Light(s): Check operation, and clean as needed.
3878859R2
Inspection Guide
Cab Interior Inspection
1. Safety/Emergency Equipment:
Prior to entering
cab, verify that vehicle is equipped with the proper
equipment. Walk around vehicle and check that all
steps and grab handles, inside and out, as well as
behind, are tight and clean. Use extreme caution and
maintain 3 point contact at all times.
2. Doors: Check door latches for positive closing, latching
and locking.
3. Clutch/Gearshift: Depress clutch pedal (if present) and
verify transmission is in neutral before turning on starter;
keep depressed until engine reaches idling speed and
vehicle in neutral.
4. Oil Pressure Builds: Check to see that oil pressure is
building to a normal level. Engine oil pressure gauge
should begin a gradual rise to normal operating range.
7. Voltmeter: Check the gauge to see if the alternator is
charging between 12.5 and 14.5 volts.
8. Steering Play: Check for smooth operation. Check
for excessive looseness in the steering linkages. The
steering wheel should have less than 10 degrees free
play (approximately 2 inches at rim of 18 inch steering
wheel).
9. Seats: Be sure seats are firmly engaged to avoid
forward or rearward movement when starting or
stopping. Make sure that seats and tether straps
are free from damage and secured to floor.
10. Horn(s): Check to see that horn(s) operate properly.
11. Mirrors: Check mirrors for proper adjustment, damage,
cleanliness, and proper mounting. Check (optional)
power mirrors and (optional) heated mirrors for proper
operation.
5. Low Air Alarm: The low air pressure alarm may sound
immediately after the engine starts but before the air
compressor has built up minimum 55 psi (379 kPa)
pressure. The low air pressure alarm should stop when
the air pressure reaches 60 to 76 psi (414 to 524 kPa).
Let the air pressure build to governor cut-out pressure,
which should occur between 115 and 130 psi (793 and
896 kPa).
12. Doors: Ensure windows are clean and operate properly
and smoothly in both doors.
6. Accelerator: Depress accelerator pedal and verify that it
operates smoothly without any binding or irregular feel.
Remove foot from accelerator and make sure engine
returns to idle immediately.
15. Heater/Defroster: Check to be sure that heater/defroster
is working. Verify adequate air flow from louvers and
vents. Operate Temperature and Mode controls to verify
proper operation.
3878859R2
13. Windshield and Wipers: Check windshield for cracks,
dirt, illegal stickers or other obstructions to view. Ensure
wipers and windshield washer are functioning properly.
14. Lighting Indicators: Check to see that dash indicators
illuminate when corresponding lights are turned on.
41
Inspection Guide
16. Air Brake Check: Check the air brakes in the following
manner:
a. Chock wheels if necessary. Push in parking
brake and start engine.
b.
Check for air compressor or governor cutout pressure at 125 to 135 psi (862 to 931
kPa). Shift into a low gear, and gently
pull against service and parking brakes
separately to make sure they hold.
c.
Shut off engine and TURN KEY BACK ON.
d. Without brake pedal applied, note air
pressure drop for one minute. It should
be less than 2 psi (14 kPa).
e. Depress and hold brake pedal and make
sure there is no more than a 3 psi (21 kPa)
per minute pressure drop. For combination
vehicles, there should be no more than 4 psi
(28 kPa) per minute pressure drop.
f.
Step on and off brake pedal and check that
warning indicator and alarm come on at
about 60 or 76 psi (414 or 524 kPa).
g. Step on and off brake pedal and check to
make sure the parking brake knobs pop out
between 20 and 45 psi (138 and 310 kPa).
42
3878859R2
Controls/Features
SECTION 4 — CONTROLS/FEATURES
Introduction
General Information
The controls/features enable the driver to monitor and manage
the operation of the majority of the vehicle’s functions. This
section describes and identifies various components within the
Overhead Console, Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster, Center
Dash Panel/Wing Panel, Steering Column and Switches,
Steering Wheel Controls, Door and Window Controls, Eaton
VORAD Collision Warning System, and Vehicle Information
Display.
NOTE: This vehicle may be equipped with electronic, application
specific options not described in this Operator’s Manual. Many
of these features are supplied with rocker switches that have
custom labels applied. The presence of these options as factory
installed can be verified from the Line Set Ticket included with
the vehicle. A truck equipment manufacturer (TEM), however,
may have installed some of these options after production. In
that case, they will not appear on the Line Set Ticket. If installed
by a TEM, you should receive an operating guide and/or training
for the specific functions provided. Familiarize yourself with all of
the switches that control chassis, engine, and body equipment
and seek adequate training on the function of all features before
operating this vehicle.
Electrical
Electrical System
WARNING
This vehicle may be equipped from the factory
with electrical switches intended to operate
equipment that was installed by a truck
equipment manufacturer (TEM). Instructions,
Cautions, and Warnings for this additional
equipment will NOT be found in this manual.
Read and understand the appropriate manual
for the specific equipment in question before
operating. Failure to observe this warning may
cause property damage, personal injury, or death.
3878859R2
The Electrical System provides a means to distribute the
electrical power and provide the driver with controls and
indications of vehicle performance. Unlike previous electrical
systems, this system uses multiplexing for connecting to major
functional areas of the truck with much less wiring. The system
is controlled by the Body Controller, which provides interfaces to
a majority of vehicle switches and sensors. The Body Controller
also communicates with the standard and optional system
controllers and modules in the vehicle.
43
Controls/Features
Dash Components
1. Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster
6. Tilt/Telescoping Steering Column
2. Center Dash Panel/Wing Panel
7. Push Button Gear Selector for Optional Automated
Manual Transmission.
3. Fuse Panel Cover
4. Control Switches
5. Transmission Gear Switch with Hi/Lo Range Switch and
Optional Hi/Lo Splitter Switch
44
8. City Horn Pad
9. Ignition Switch
10. Vehicle Information Display (optional)
3878859R2
Controls/Features
Overhead Console
The overhead console contains storage area for the operator,
and other items for driver comfort.
1. Overhead Storage
4. Sun Visors
2. CB Radio Mount
5. Map Lights
3. Storage Compartment
6. Cab Dome Lighting
3878859R2
45
Controls/Features
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster
The instrument panel gauge cluster includes the instrument
gauges, warning indicators, and an Integral Digital Display, that
provide odometer, transmission gear indication, and compass
46
heading and outside temperature displays. This instrument
panel gauge cluster displays the crucial operational functions
of the vehicle. The following are descriptions and illustrations
of the gauges, warning indicators, and integral digital display
options.
3878859R2
Controls/Features
3878859R2
47
Controls/Features
Warning Indicators
The instrument panel gauge cluster contains 25 individual LED
warning indicators. These indicators are used to monitor vehicle
operation and indicate a WARNING or STOP condition. These
warning indicators are driven by the software in the instrument
panel gauge cluster. At ignition, the warning indicators will
illuminate for 8 to 10 seconds, as part of the vehicle power-up
sequence.
Item
No.
1
2
3
48
Item
Description
Illuminates Yellow when the intake
heaters and glow plugs are in operation
and special starting procedures are
required. Refer to the Starting Switch
paragraph in the Vehicle Operation
section for more information.
Illuminates Yellow to alert driver that
vehicle idle shutdown timer will turn
engine off in 30 seconds.
Illuminates Yellow. Used in conjunction
with other Warning Indicators or General
Text and Warning Messages and may
be accompanied by an audible alarm
to indicate an Alert condition to the
operator.
4
Illuminates Yellow. Used in conjunction
with other Warning Indicators or General
Text and Warning Messages to indicate
an Alert condition to the operator.
5
Illuminates Red Used in conjunction with
other Warning Indicators or General Text
and Warning Messages to indicate a red
STOP alert.
6
Not Used.
7
Illuminates Red when the parking brake
is applied. If the brake warning indicator
does not illuminate, or if it stays on with
the parking brake not engaged, seek
service immediately.
8
Illuminates Green to assist operators
in determining when it is appropriate to
shift the transmission to a higher gear in
order to maximize driving fuel economy.
9
Illuminates Yellow to indicate engine
brake capability has been activated.
10
Illuminates Yellow when a trailer antilock
brake system malfunction has been
detected. If the ABS indicator stays
illuminated or continues to flash, have
the system serviced immediately.
3878859R2
Controls/Features
11
Illuminates Yellow when the traction
control system is turned off. It also
illuminates momentarily when the
traction control system is on and is
limiting wheel spin. Indicator blinks if
slippery road conditions exist. If this
happens, adjust your driving accordingly.
Refer to the Operation section for more
information.
12
Not used.
13
Illuminates Yellow when exhaust system
components are operating under normal
conditions and exhaust gases are at
extremely high temperatures.
14
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) status
indicator Illuminates Yellow (Solid
or Flashing) to indicate the need to
regenerate the Diesel Particulate Filter.
(See Exhaust Regen in the Vehicle
Operation Section).
15
Illuminates Red when a parking brake
system malfunction has been detected.
If the Service Parking Brake indicator
stays illuminated, have the system
serviced immediately.
17
Optional indicator illuminates Red
immediately after ignition is turned on to
remind operator to fasten seat belt.
Optional Seat Belt Reminder with Seat
Belt Monitoring causes initial visual
indication, then flashes with audible
alarm when ignition is on, parking brake
is released, and seat belt is not fastened.
18
Not used.
19
Not used.
20
Illuminates Yellow when the PTO
function (if installed) is activated.
21
Illuminates Yellow when an antilock
brake system malfunction has been
detected. If the ABS indicator stays
illuminated or continues to flash, have
the system serviced immediately.
22
Not used.
23
Flashes Green when the left turn signal
or the hazard lights are turned on.
Engine Emissions Control System
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
Illuminates Yellow when an emissions
problem has occurred.
3878859R2
16
49
Controls/Features
24
Illuminates Blue when the high beam
head lamps are turned on.
26
Indicates the transmission lubricant
temperature in degrees Fahrenheit (°F)
(optional).
25
Flashes Green when the right turn signal
or the hazard lights are turned on.
27
Indicates the engine lubricant
temperature in degrees Fahrenheit
(°F) (optional).
28
Indicates engine coolant temperature in
degrees Fahrenheit (°F).
29
Indicates engine oil pressure in pounds
per square inch (PSI).
30
The tachometer indicates engine speed
(RPM). The engine can be operated
between idle speed and high idle speed
without damage but should not be
allowed to over-speed (such as when
going downhill).
31
The speedometer indicates the vehicle
speed in miles per hour (MPH) and
kilometers per hour (Km/h).
32
Indicates the approximate fuel level in
the fuel tanks.
NOTE: If the MIL is illuminated, it is the vehicle owner’s
responsibility to have the engine repaired or face fines.
Gauges
There are 10 gauges in the instrument panel gauge cluster to
help monitor the vehicle while in service. Most gauges have
in-gauge warning indicators which turn on if the gauge pointer
moves into an out-of-acceptable-range condition. When the
ignition switch is turned on, the gauge indicators will be on. If
any indicator fails to go out after starting engine, stop engine and
determine cause of the gauge indication that is out of acceptable
range. Metric versions of the gauges and speedometer are
available as an option.
50
3878859R2
Controls/Features
33
3878859R2
Indicates the battery voltage (VOLTS)
when the ignition switch is in the ON
position.
34
Provides indication of air pressure
available for the primary air brakes in
pounds per square inch (PSI).
35
Provides indication of air pressure
available for the secondary air brakes in
pounds per square inch (PSI).
51
Controls/Features
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster Alarms
WARNING
When an alarm sounds, stop normal vehicle
operation and determine the source of the alarm
condition. Failure to observe this instruction
could result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
Alarm Conditions
The instrument panel gauge cluster will sound an audible alarm
that accompanies out of range gauge readings along with the
particular gauge warning indicators. The instrument panel
gauge cluster alarms will also sound when any engine sensor
(sender) unit fails; when there is an electronics system fault;
and when the red engine indicator is illuminated. The following
chart lists the number of alarm beeps for the above conditions
or warning states:
Audible Alarm Pattern
Additional Comments
Fuel level gauge low (only alarms on each
ignition turn-on)
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Voltmeter gauge out-of-range reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Engine oil pressure gauge out-of-range
reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Engine oil temperature gauge out-of-range
reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
out-of-range reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Transmission oil temperature gauge
out-of-range reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Rear-Rear Axle oil temperature gauge
out-of-range reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Forward-Rear Axle oil temperature gauge
out-of-range reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
52
3878859R2
Controls/Features
Alarm Conditions
Audible Alarm Pattern
Additional Comments
Auxiliary air pressure gauge out-of-range
reading
5 BEEPS
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Gauge sensor faults
3 BEEPS
Gauge pointer goes to 6 o’clock position and gauge
warning indicator illuminates.
Primary Air Pressure gauge out-of-range and
air pressure sensor fault
REPEATING SINGLE BEEP
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Secondary Air Pressure gauge out-of-range
and air pressure sensor fault
REPEATING SINGLE BEEP
Instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicator
illuminates.
Red warning indicator illuminates
REPEATING SINGLE BEEP
Indicates what module is requesting the red stop
indicator.
Electrical system fault
10 BEEPS
Electrical system fault illuminates.
Turn Signal Alarm (Optional)
CONTINUOUS TONE
Alarm sounds if either turn signal is on for more than
one mile.
Will not activate when hazard flashers are on.
Headlight Warning Alarm
Electrical Load Control and Shedding
(ELCS) Alarm (Optional)
3878859R2
5 BEEPS
Sounds one time immediately after ignition switch is
turned to OFF position, when headlight switch is on, and
the drivers door is closed.
REPEATING SINGLE BEEP
Sounds when headlight switch is on, ignition switch is in
OFF psition, and the drivers door is open.
CONTINUOUS TONE
The Instrument panel gauge cluster will display the
message "Load Shedding" in the LCD display and emit
a continuous tone for 5 seconds that coincides with the
start of the visual alert.
53
Controls/Features
Direct Drive Warning Indicators
Item
No.
The direct drive warning indicators give information to the
operator of various conditions of the vehicle. Eight spaces are
available for the direct drive warning indicators. Blank cover
plates will be used in spaces that do not have direct drive
warning indicator installed at those locations.
Item
No.
Item
36
Color
Yellow
37
Yellow
38
BLANK
39
Forward rear axle
differential is locked.
Rear axle differential is
locked.
ICON system is activated.
40
BLANK
Not used
41
BLANK
Not used
Item No.
44
54
Color
Description
42
Yellow
Luggage door is ajar.
43
Yellow
Engine brake capability is
activated.
Description
Not used
Yellow
Item
Quadrant Number and Message Function
Quadrant 4: Transmission Gear Indication
Integral Digital Display
The Integral Digital Display is located below the speedometer
and the tachometer. It is arranged in four quadrants that display
vehicle information. The four quadrants can be individually
selected by using the display control button.
Display Control. The Display control is used to scroll to a
quadrant and to select the various modes within a quadrant. To
navigate between quadrants, turn and release the control either
clockwise or counterclockwise. To select the screens within a
quadrant, press and release the control. Pressing and holding
the control for more than 3 seconds to reset the value of the
selected quadrant parameter (if the parameter can be reset).
The selected quadrant is identified by a vertical bar located in
the far right of quadrant. In quadrant 1, the odometer screen
can be toggled between English and Metric, by pressing and
holding the control.
Message Description
Transmission gears for the Allison P-R-N-D-L gear selection display, or the
Eaton Transmission display.
3878859R2
Controls/Features
Item No.
45
46
3878859R2
Quadrant Number and Message Function
Quadrant 1: Informational Messages
Quadrant 2: General Text and Warning
Messages
Message Description
Informational Display Screens:
•
Odometer
•
Trip Odometer
•
Total Engine Hours
•
Trip Hours
•
Machine PTO A or B Hours
•
Machine Trip PTO A or B Hours
•
Engine PTO Hours
•
Engine PTO Trip Hours
•
Instantaneous Fuel Economy
•
Trip Average Fuel Economy
•
Machine PTO Fuel Used A or B
•
Machine PTO Trip Fuel Used A or B
•
Engine PTO Fuel Used
•
Engine PTO Trip Fuel Used
•
Trip Idle Fuel Used
•
Axle Load Indication (Front and/or Rear)
•
Diesel Particulate Filter Level
Displays a variety of messages ranging in priority necessary for vehicle
monitoring and operation, and vehicle malfunction warnings. Some messages
are used in conjunction with instrument panel gauge cluster warning indicators
(see list of messages in the Integral Digital Display section in Vehicle Operations)
55
Controls/Features
Item No.
47
Quadrant Number and Message Function
Quadrant 3: Compass Heading/Outside
Temperature
Message Description
(Optional) Displays compass heading when vehicle is equipped with a compass
module.
Displays outside temperature (reading is obtained from the temperature sensor).
48
Display Control
Toggles the information display from one screen to the next when pressed and
released.
General Text and Warning Messages
The operator of the vehicle can make
adjustments to the sleeper temperature
and/or sleeper blower speeds by using
the SLPR TEMP and/or SLPR FAN dash
switches that are located on the center dash
panel/wing panel. When the operator makes
a change with either of these two switches
the appropriate graphic for the sleeper temperature or sleeper
blower speeds will be displayed in the general text and warning
message area of the instrument panel gauge cluster.
56
Temperature
Graphic
Blower Speed
Graphic
3878859R2
Controls/Features
Optional Instrument panel gauge cluster Compass
Calibration Procedure
All new vehicles with an optional compass must have an initial
compass calibration performed. A compass calibration may or
may not have been completed at the vehicle assembly plant.
If the compass headings are noticeably incorrect, or become
noticeably incorrect, or the NO CAL message is displayed, the
Declination Zone may need to be reset to agree with the current
geographic location, or the Compass Directional Calibration will
need to be recalibrated.
The compass direction is displayed in the lower left quadrant
of the instrument panel gauge cluster display just below the
outdoor temperature reading. Text messages necessary to
calibrate the compass can be found in the instrument panel
gauge cluster display in the lower right quadrant (quadrant 2)
of the display. Twist the instrument panel gauge cluster display
knob until the cursor is flashing in the lower right quadrant.
Press the instrument panel gauge cluster display knob until
the desired text message is displayed. Compass Calibration
related text messages include “Calibrate Compass”, “Compass
Declination”, “Declination Zone #”, and “End Calibration”.
Compass Declination Zone Set Procedure
The Declination Zone number is used to account for the
errors between magnetic North and true North in the vehicle’s
geographic operating area, and must be set correctly for the
compass to display accurate headings.
NOTE: When calibrating/recalibrating the compass, you must
select the Declination Zone which corresponds to the geographic
location where the compass calibration is being performed. It
can be reset later to match the Declination zone where the
vehicle will be operating.
For vehicles that regularly operate coast-to-coast or in several
different Declination Zones, either choose a Declination Zone in
the geographic center of the vehicle’s operating area, or change
the Declination Zone daily to match the present Declination
Zone.
To begin the Declination Zone set procedure, the vehicle must be
stopped with ignition key ON. Refer to Zone Map for determining
the proper Declination Zone number.
NOTE: The Declination Zone for the location where the Compass
Calibration procedure is being performed must be set first, and
thereafter the Compass Directional Calibration procedure can be
performed. Both procedures are listed on the following pages
and must be followed exactly to ensure proper calibration of the
compass.
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57
Controls/Features
Declination Zone Map
58
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Controls/Features
Step
1
2
3
Procedure
Displayed Message
Select Quadrant 2 (lower right) on the display by turning the display control knob either
clockwise or counterclockwise.
Select the Compass Declination message by pressing and releasing the display control
knob until this message appears.
Press and hold the display control knob until any Declination Zone number (0 – 10) is
displayed.
Turn the display control knob clockwise or counterclockwise until the desired Declination
Zone number is displayed. Refer to Declination Zone Map to determine the proper
number for the current geographic location.
4
NOTE: If no Declination Zone number is selected within 15 seconds, the display will return
to the Compass Declination message.
NOTE: If the compass is being calibrated/recalibrated the Declination Zone must be set
to the Zone number for the location where the compass calibration/recalibration is being
performed regardless of the location where the vehicle will eventually operate.
5
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Press and HOLD the display control knob until the Compass Declination message
appears (this indicates that the new Declination Zone number has been programmed
into the compass).
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Controls/Features
Compass Directional Calibration Procedure
To begin the Compass Directional Calibration Procedure, stop
the vehicle in an area large enough to permit driving in complete
circles and perform the following steps:
Step
1
2
Procedure
Displayed Message
Select Quadrant 2 (lower right) on the instrument panel gauge cluster display by turning
the display control knob either clockwise or counterclockwise.
Select the Calibrate Compass message by pressing and releasing the display control
knob until this message appears.
Press and hold the display control knob until the End Calibration command is displayed.
3
NOTE: IF the End Calibration command will not show up, turn OFF the vehicle, restart it,
and return to Step 1.
NOTE: The following steps (4 through 6) must be completed within 3 minutes to lock-in
the new calibration. Do not press the display control knob or turn the key OFF until
these steps are completed or the calibration process will be cancelled.
4
60
Immediately following the End Calibration command being displayed, drive the vehicle in
3 complete circles (during this time the compass display will go blank or have dashed
lines present).
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Controls/Features
5
Stop the vehicle and wait shortly. The End Calibration message should reappear on
the display.
6
Push and HOLD the display control knob until the End Calibration command disappears.
The calibration should now be complete. IMPORTANT!: Just pressing and failing
to hold the display control knob inward until the End Calibration command
disappears will cancel the calibration procedure and you must start over at Step 1.
7
Test the compass calibration. Turn the vehicle ignition key OFF and then restart the
vehicle. Wait 10 seconds to for the compass to complete its self test. Drive the vehicle
in a circle and note the compass readings. If the lower left quadrant of the Instrument
Panel Gauge Cluster Display shows the correct compass/vehicle heading, the compass
calibration is now complete. If the compass readings are incorrect, inspect for correct
Declination Zone number, turn OFF the vehicle, restart the vehicle, wait 10 seconds, and
perform another circle while periodically noting the compass readings. If readings are
still incorrect restart the compass calibration procedure.
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Controls/Features
Integral Digital Display Detailed Information
Quadrant 1: Informational Displays
NOTE: The available display screens are dependant on the
configuration of the vehicle.
Quadrant 1 – Display Messages
Description
Odometer
The odometer displays the total distance traveled.
Display Format:
100,000.0
TRIP MILES
TRIP KM
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer displays a record of the elapsed distance traveled since the last reset.
NOTE: The trip hours and trip miles are independently reset.
Display Format:
100,000.0
TRIP MILES
TRIP KM
Total Engine Hours
The Engine Hour display provides a record of accumulated engine hours, and will not show any increase
unless the engine is running.
NOTE: This display function cannot be reset.
Display Format:
100,000.0
HOURS
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 1 – Display Messages
Description
Trip Hours
The Trip Hour display provides a record of elapsed engine hours since the last reset.
NOTE: The trip hours and trip miles are independently reset.
Display Format:
100,000.0
TRIP HOURS
Machine PTO A or B Hours
This display will provide a record of the total accumulated Machine PTO hours, while PTO function A
or B is engaged.
Display Format:
100,000.0
PTO HOURS A
PTO HOURS B
Machine Trip PTO A or B Hours
This display will provide a record of the total accumulated Machine Trip PTO hours, while PTO function A
or B is engaged.
Display Format:
100,000.0
PTO TRP HOURS A
PTO TRP HOURS B
Engine PTO Hours
This display will provide a record of the Engine PTO hours sent from engine.
Display Format:
100,000.0
ENG PTO HOURS
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 1 – Display Messages
Description
Engine PTO Trip Hours
This display will provide a record of the Engine PTO Trip hours sent from engine.
Display Format:
100,000.0
ENG PTO TRP HOURS
Instantaneous Fuel Economy
This display provides a record of the instantaneous fuel economy sent from the engine.
The display shall be in miles per gallon or liters per 100 kilometers, corresponding to the units selected
while in the odometer mode.
Display Format:
30.0
INST MPG
INST L/100KM
Trip Average Fuel Economy
The display value shall be the average fuel economy value since the last reset of the trip odometer.
The display shall be in miles per gallon or liters per 100 kilometers, corresponding to the units selected
while in the odometer mode.
Display Format:
30.0
TRIP MPG
TRIP L/100KM
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 1 – Display Messages
Description
Machine PTO Fuel Used A and B
The display value shall be the calculated Machine PTO Fuel Used.
Display Format:
100,000.0
PTO GAL A
PTO GAL B
PTO L A
PTO L B
Machine PTO Trip Fuel Used A and B
The display value shall be the calculated Machine PTO Trip Fuel Used.
Display Format:
100,000.0
PTO TRP GAL A
PTO TRP GAL B
PTO TRP L A
PTO TRP L B
Engine PTO Fuel Used
The display value shall be the calculated Engine PTO Fuel Used.
Display Format:
100,000.0
ENG PTO GAL
PTO TRP L
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 1 – Display Messages
Description
Engine PTO Trip Fuel Used
The display value shall be the calculated Engine PTO Trip Fuel Used.
Display Format:
100,000.0
ENG PTO TRP GAL
ENG PTO TRP L
Trip Idle Fuel Used
The display value shall be the calculated Trip Idle Fuel Used.
Display Format:
100,000.0
TRP IDL GAL
TRP IDL L
Axle Load Indication
The instrument panel gauge cluster shall display an approximate value of Axle Load for the front and/or
rear axles.
NOTE: Axle load readings are most accurate on a level surface with parking brake released.
Display Format:
approx.
45.0
FT LBSX1000
FT KGX1000
RR LBSX1000
RR KGX1000
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 1 – Display Messages
Description
Diesel Particulate Filter Level
The instrument panel gauge cluster shall display the relative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Level.
The instrument panel gauge cluster displays the following graph:
With “L” (low) on the left and “H” (high) on the right, the graph is shown by bars each representing a 10
percent increase/decrease in soot level.
The instrument panel gauge cluster displays the last received level until a new value is received, or until
the instrument panel gauge cluster detects that it has not received a response to the SPN request, in
which case it shall display the word “data n/a” within the bar graph.
Quadrant 2: Text and Warning Messages
These messages inform the driver of vehicle conditions. If the
message flashes, it will flash for 3 – 5 seconds, and then will
be displayed for an additional 3 – 5 seconds. If more than one
message is viewable, the displayed message will be followed by
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an asterisk “*”, indicating multiple messages. To view additional
messages, press and release the Display Control button to
proceed to the next message.
The following is a list of the routine Text and Warning messages
that can be displayed:
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 2 – Display
Messages
Description
Flash (Yes/No)
Warning Indicator
Association
Parkd Regen Active
Message is displayed during a parked regeneration.
No
No
Load Shedding
Message is displayed when electrical load control and
shedding feature is implemented.
Yes
No
Washer Fluid Low
Indicates low washer fluid level.
Yes
No
Electrical Fault
When instrument panel gauge cluster’s ability to display
diagnostic codes is enabled, this message is displayed
when there are active diagnostic codes.
Yes
No
Check A/C
Indicates a fault in the HVAC System.
Yes
No
Parkd Regen Inhibited
Message is displayed when parked regeneration has been
requested, but is not performed due to a vehicle interlock
or an engine fault.
No
No
Air Filter Restriction
Message displayed indicates restricted air flow to the
engine.
Yes
No
Exterior Lamp Check Active
Message displayed indicates Exterior Lamp Check is in
progress.
Yes
No
HVAC Temp Setting
Bar graph displayed show temperature setting in low to
high increments.
No
No
Activate HVAC Front Blower
Bar graph displayed show blower speed setting in Off and
low to high increments.
No
No
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 2 – Display
Messages
HVAC Sleeper Blower Speed
Description
Flash (Yes/No)
Warning Indicator
Association
Bar graph displayed show blower speed setting in Off and
low to high increments.
No
No
Yes
No
Air Pressure Diagnostic
Cruise
Indicates that the Cruise Control System is turned On.
No
No
Fuel Filter
Indicates that the fuel filter is clogged.
Yes
No
Check Brake Switch
Yes
No
Check Exterior Lamps
Yes
No
Engine Control Shutdown
Yes
No
Check Trailer Lights
Yes
No
Engine Control System Error
Yes
No
Parkd Regen Required
Indicates parked regeneration is necessary.
No
No
Parkd Regen Inhibited Eng Tmp
Message is displayed when engine coolant temperature is
below 170° F (76.6°C).
No
No
Regen Inhibit Switch Active
Message is displayed when Regen Inhibt Switch is “On”
and regeneration Is disabled.
No
No
No
No
Parkd Regen Available
Low Coolant Level
Message is displayed when coolant level is less than or
equal to 80%.
Yes
No
Stop Engine
Message is displayed when Red Stop indicator is
illuminated.
Yes
Red warning indicator
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 2 – Display
Messages
Warn Engine (Priority 1 or 2)
Description
Flash (Yes/No)
Warning Indicator
Association
(1) Message is displayed when MaxxForce® 11, 13, or 15
ECM turn on the Red warning indicator.
Yes
(1) Red warning indicator
(2) Yellow warning
indicator
(2) Message is displayed when MaxxForce® 11, 13, or 15
ECM requests the Yellow warning indicator and not the
Red warning indicator.
Stop Hybrid
Message is displayed when Hybrid system turns on and
requests the Red warning indicator.
Yes
Red warning indicator
HV Batt Off-Line
Message is displayed when Hybrid system battery is off
line.
Yes
No
Check Hybrid
Message is displayed when Hybrid system turns on the
Yellow warning indicator while conditions for “HV Batt
Off-Line” message are not met.
Yes
Yellow warning indicator
Low Engine Oil Level
Message is displayed when engine oil level is less than
or equal to 80%.
Yes
No
Change Engine Oil
Message is displayed when engine oil change is detected
as necessary.
Yes
No
Water in Fuel
*Message is displayed when water in fuel is present.
Yes
No
Refuel
Message is displayed when fuel level is low. MaxxForce®
11, 13, or 15 engines only.
Yes
No
High Fuel Temp
Message is displayed when fuel temp is high. MaxxForce®
11, 13, or 15 engines only.
Yes
No
Electrical Fault (Priority 1 or 2)
(1) Message is displayed when when EGC requests the
Red warning indicator.
Yes
(1) Red warning indicator
(2) Message is displayed when when EGC requests the
Yellow warning indicator.
70
(2) Yellow warning
indicator
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 2 – Display
Messages
Description
Flash (Yes/No)
Warning Indicator
Association
Check Trans
Message is displayed when transmission needs to be
serviced.
Yes
Yellow warning indicator
Trans Temp
Message is displayed when transmission turns on
the Yellow warning indicator. Not available with all
transmissions.
Yes
Yellow warning indicator
Gen Trns Flt
Message is displayed when transmission turns on Red
Stop, MIL, or PROTECT, or the Yellow Warning indicator
without the conditions to display Check Trans, Trans Temp,
Trans Oil Life, Trans Oil Filter, or Trans Service. Not
available with all transmissions.
Yes
Yes (see description)
Trans Oil Life
Message is displayed when transmission oil needs
changed. Not available with all transmissions.
Yes
No
Trans Oil Filter
Message is displayed when transmission oil needs
changed. Not available with all transmissions.
Yes
No
Trans Service
Message is displayed when transmission needs service.
Not available with all transmissions.
Yes
No
DPF Ash Service Required
Message is displayed when diesel particulate filter ash
level requires service/cleaning.
Yes
No
See Visor For Info
Message is displayed indicates the particulate trap
indicator must be on or must flash.
Yes
Yes (see description)
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 2 – Display
Messages
Description
Flash (Yes/No)
Warning Indicator
Association
ECM, TCM, Shift Selector, ABS,
Retarder – Driveline, EGC,
Compass Module, ESC, VSM,
SD, AGSP, TPMS, Exhaust
Module, Telematics, AGSP 2,
SIC 2, AGSP 3, SIC 1, PAM,
Hybrid, Service Tool, Global
Message is displayed when a module other than the engine
requests the red stop warning indicator.
Yes
Red warning indicator
ECM, TCM, Shift Selector, ABS,
Retarder – Driveline, EGC,
Compass Module, ESC, VSM,
SD, AGSP, TPMS, Exhaust
Module, Telematics, AGSP 2,
SIC 2, AGSP 3, SIC 1, PAM,
Hybrid, Service Tool, Global
Message is displayed when a module other than the engine
requests the Yellow warning indicator.
Yes
Yellow warning indicator
Retarder Temp
Message is displayed when instrument panel gauge cluster
receives signal from the Retarder – Driveline requesting
the Yellow warning indicator.
Yes
Yellow warning indicator
Gen Rtrd Flt
Message is displayed when instrument panel gauge cluster
receives signal from the Retarder – Driveline requesting
the Red warning, MIL, or PROTECT indicator, or the
Yellow warning indicator without the conditions to display
Retarder Temp..
Yes
Yes (see description)
DRV Reward Expected
No
No
DRV Reward Good
No
No
DRV Reward Excellent
No
No
DRV Reward Penalty
No
No
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 2 – Display
Messages
Description
Flash (Yes/No)
Warning Indicator
Association
DRV Reward Increasing
No
No
DRV Reward Decreasing
No
No
VSL Ovrd Active
No
No
VSL Ovrd Expiring
No
No
Blank screen, available only when engine rpm less than
or equal to 325 RPM, or vehicle speed less than 2 mph
(3 km/h).
No
No
Calibrate Compass
Message is displayed when vehicle speed is less than
2 mph (3 km/h) and the operator has not requested
“Calibrate Compass” in the current ignition cycle.
No
No
End Calibration
Message is displayed when vehicle speed is less than 2
mph (3 km/h) and the operator has requested “Calibrate
Compass” in the current ignition cycle.
No
No
Calibration Ended
Message is displayed when vehicle speed is less than 2
mph (3 km/h) and the operator has requested “Calibrate
Compass” in the current ignition cycle.
No
No
Declination Zone
Message is displayed only when vehicle speed is less than
2 mph (3 km/h).
No
No
*If this message is displayed, drain water from fuel/water separator.
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Controls/Features
Vehicle must be moving to acquire an accurate temperature.
Warning Messages
In addition to the Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC), the digital
display will display a warning message whenever an Engine
indicator is illuminated. This warning message will be toggled
with the normal DTC as follows:
Yellow Warning indicator: WARN ENGINE message
Quadrant 3 –
Display Messages
Description
Outside
Temperature and
Compass Heading
Display Format:
Red Stop indicator: Stop Engine message
The following chart provides the warning messages that are
displayed along with corresponding instrument panel gauge
cluster indicators.
MaxxForce® Engine
Warning Indicator
Warning Message
Red Stop
Stop Engine
Yellow Warning
Warn Engine
Quadrant 3: Display Messages
Outside Temperature and Compass Displays (Optional)
The optional Outside Temperature and Compass Heading is
displayed in Quadrant 3. Typical displays for Temperature and
Compass Heading are listed in the following table. The display
provides both the outside ambient temperature and the relative
direction of the vehicle within a particular geographical zone.
74
Outside Temperature Reading
The Outside Temperature is displayed on the first line of
Quadrant 3 above the Compass Heading. The temperature
sensor is located near the front bumper. Due to its location,
the sensor readings can be affected by road or engine heat
during idling or prevailing driving conditions (extended slow
movement).
The display will be in °F or °C, depending on the units selected
while in the odometer mode.
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Controls/Features
Quadrant 4: Transmission Gear Displays
Quadrant 4 – Transmission Gear Indications
is closed. It also sounds when headlight switch is on, ignition
switch is in OFF position, and the drivers door is open.
The headlights are operated in a variety of modes:
Allison P-R-N-D-L gear
display
Daytime Running Lights (DRL)
Eaton Transmission display
The Daytime Running Lights feature provides for low beam
headlights at 75% brightness whenever the Parking Brake is
released and the ignition switch is in the ON position. The lights
will stay on until the Parking Brake is engaged.
Lights On With Wipers
Switches
Six switches are located on the lower left and right side of the
instrument panel gauge cluster. Configurations are optional.
Blank cover plates will be used in spaces that do not have
switches installed at those locations.
This feature allows the headlights (low beam) to be automatically
turned on when the windshield wipers are in steady or
intermittent mode (not washer). The low beams will remain
on until the ignition switch is turned to the OFF position or the
headlights are cycled on and then off.
Park Lights
The park lights, tail lights, markers, and clearance lights will turn
on when the headlight switch is in the park or headlight position.
Headlights
Panel Lighting
The headlights will be at 100% brightness with the headlight
switch activated. The park lights, tail lights, markers, and
clearance lights will be on as well. An alarm will sound if the
headlight switch is on and the ignition switch is off.
Your vehicle may be equipped with an optional headlight warning
alarm that sounds immediately after ignition switch is turned to
OFF position, when headlight switch is on, and the driver’s door
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The panel lighting brightness is controlled by the PANEL rocker
switch. To increase the brightness of the instrument panel
gauge cluster lighting, continually press the upper portion of
the rocker switch. To dim the instrument panel gauge cluster
lighting, continually press the lower portion of the rocker switch.
75
Controls/Features
Dome Lighting
51
The overhead dome light is used for reading and for illumination
when entering and exiting the vehicle. The dome light on/off
is also controlled by pushing on the lamp lens. When either
entrance door is closed, the courtesy light will remain ON for
approximately 20 seconds or until the ignition switch is turned
ON. At that time, the lights will dim gradually until the light is off.
The Optional keyless entry key fob also turns on the light for a
time period when the Unlock button is pressed, and turns off the
light (dims gradually to off) when the Lock button is pressed.
Headlight/Park Lamp Switch
Activates the headlight or parking lights,
and illuminates the instrument panel
gauge cluster. This switch functions
even when ignition switch is turned off
(a warning will sound when this switch is
ON and the ignition switch if OFF).
52
Panel Dimmer
Adjusts the panel lights brightness.
Courtesy Lights
53
Used to turn cab dome light on and off and
make it possible to activate/deactivate
the dome light when opening the doors.
54
Used to either turn on the sleeper dome
or floor light.
Either the driver or the passenger door activates the
door-mounted courtesy lights to add light when getting in
or out of the truck.
Item
No.
Item
Description
49
Enables Auto Headlights in vehicles
equipped with this feature.
50
Used to turn work lights on and off.
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Controls/Features
Steering Wheel Controls
The steering wheel contains a variety of push-button switches to
aid in the operation of the vehicle.
1
SET/COAST - Used to set the speed
desired on the cruise control or coast to
a lower desired speed. When parked,
used to decrease idle RPM.
2
HEADLIGHT INT - Used to momentarily
turn off (interrupt) the headlights when
pressed.
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3
RESUME/ACCEL - Used to resume the
desired speed set on the cruise control
or accelerate to a higher desired speed.
When parked, used to increase idle
RPM.
4
OFF/ON - Used to turn the cruise control
ON and OFF.
5
HORN - Used to activate the city horn.
6
RADIO (Optional) - Adjusts radio
volume (+/-) and station selection
(< >) with the radio turned on.
7
AIR HORN - Used to activate the air
horn.
8
MARKER INT - Used to toggle the park
lights and markers on or off, depending
on park light switch position. If the park
lights are on, it will toggle them off. If the
park lights are off, it will toggle them on.
77
Controls/Features
9
ENG BRAKE ON/OFF (Optional) - Used
to turn engine brake on or off.
10
AUTO/MAN +/- (Optional) - Allows
driver to select higher or lower gear of
automatic transmission.
d. A slight tap on the brake or clutch pedal will deactivate
the cruise but hold the selected speed in memory.
To return to the predetermined speed, press the
RESUME/ACCEL switch.
e.
When you press the OFF position of the ON/OFF switch,
or if the vehicle is shut off, the selected speed setting is
canceled and removed from memory.
Steering Column and Switches
Cruise Control
WARNING
Do not use the cruise control system when
unpredictable driving conditions are present.
Such conditions include heavy traffic, roads
that are winding, icy, snow covered, slippery,
or with a loose surface. These conditions may
cause wheel slippage and loss of vehicle control,
resulting in property damage, personal injury, or
death.
a. Press the ON position of the ON/OFF steering wheel
control.
78
b.
Bring the vehicle to the desired operating speed (above
35 MPH), and push the SET/COAST position of the
steering wheel control.
c.
Once in the cruise mode, the RESUME/ACCEL switch
can be used to increase or decrease vehicle speed by
pressing and holding the RESUME/ACCEL to increase
the speed, or by pressing and holding the SET/COAST
to decrease vehicle speed.
The steering column contains switches and levers to aid in the
comfort of the operator and to assist the operator while driving
the vehicle.
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Controls/Features
1. Tilting and Telescoping Adjustment Lever - Allows the
steering wheel placement to be adjusted for driver comfort. Push
down to adjust, pull up to lock.
2. Hazard Warning Switch - Red rocker switch located above
multipurpose turn signal lever. Push switch to forward position to
activate. The hazard warning flasher will operate with the ignition
switch in the ON or OFF position. Use the warning system any
time your vehicle becomes a traffic hazard, day or night. Push
switch rearward to deactivate.
Stop Override Hazard (Optional) - When hazard lights are
activated and the brake pedal is depressed, all hazard/turn
signal lights on the front, side lights of the truck, and the side
trailer lights will continue to flash. The rear lights of the truck or
tractor will burn steadily until the brake is released.
3. Trailer Brake Lever - This lever is used to apply and release
the brakes to the trailer.
Multi-function Switch - The multi-function turn signal switch
is mounted on the left side of the steering column below the
steering wheel.
4. Signaling For A Turn - When signaling your intention to make
a turn, move the turn signal lever up or down to the “full turn”
position which is past the point of resistance. The switch does
not automatically cancel and will require manual cancellation.
Lane Change – The turn signal lever includes a “lane change”
feature which allows the operator to signal the intention to
change lanes without locking the switch into the full turn
position. To use this feature, move turn signal lever up or down
to the point where resistance to movement is felt. The turn
signal lever will return to the off position when released.
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5. Windshield Wiper - The electric wiper has two speeds
(hi-low), which can be operated by rotating the WASHER/WIPER
knob. The optional intermittent control provides five wiper on/off
cycle intervals, varying from 2 to 14 seconds. This is done by
rotating the wiper control from the wiper OFF position to the any
of the five intermittent wiper interval positions.
Automatic Intermittent Interval Control (Optional) – This
feature automatically changes the wiper speed from HIGH or
LOW to the slowest intermittent speed when the parking brake
has been set, and the wipers have been on for a predetermined
length of time. When the parking brake is released, the wipers
return to their previous speed.
WARNING
Do not use the washers in freezing weather
without first warming the windshield with the
defrosters; otherwise, the washer solution may
freeze on the windshield and obscure your vision
and cause an accident which could result in
property damage, personal injury, or death.
Do not use radiator coolant or antifreeze in the
windshield washer reservoir. Radiator coolant
in the washer reservoir can severely reduce
visibility when sprayed on the windshield.
Keep the fluid reservoir filled with Fleetrite Windshield Washer
Solvent or equivalent.
6. Low/High Beam - When the turn signal stalk is pulled past
the “click” position, lights will switch to Hi-Beam position. When
pulled again they will revert to Lo-Beam.
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Controls/Features
Headlight Flash-To-Pass - When the turn signal lever is pulled
with the headlights OFF, the Hi-Beam lights will come on and stay
on as long as the lever is held in the pulled position. When the
Lo-Beam headlights are ON, the Hi-Beam lights can be made
to flash if the lever is not lifted past the click or dimmer position.
When the Hi-Beam headlights are ON, the Lo-Beam lights can
be made to flash if the lever is not lifted past the click or dimmer
position.
80
7. Washer/Wiper Control - The windshield washer, along with
the windshield wipers, is controlled by the WASHER/WIPER
knob on the turn signal switch lever. To operate the windshield
washer, push in on the wiper knob to spray solution on the
windshield. Wipers will start wiping and continue for two cycles.
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Controls/Features
Center Dash Panel/Wing Panel
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Controls/Features
Gauges
Switches
There are four optional gauges in the instrument panel gauge
cluster of the center dash panel to help monitor the vehicle while
in service.
Up to 23 optional switches can be located in the center and lower
right side of the center dash panel. Location of these switches
will vary depending on the options installed. Blank cover plates
will be used in spaces that do not have switches installed at those
locations.
Item
No.
1
2
Item
Description
Provides reading of brake application
air pressure in pounds per square inch
(PSI).
Provides monitoring of temperature of
forward-rear axle lubricant in degrees
Fahrenheit (°F).
Item No.
5
Item
Description
MIR HEAT/ON
A momentary switch that, when
pushed and released, turns the mirror
heating element ON/OFF.
6
SLPR TEMP
Controls the temperature in the sleeper
compartment.
3
4
Provides monitoring of temperature
of rear-rear axle lubricant in degrees
Fahrenheit (°F).
Provides reading of turbocharger boost
pressure in pounds per square inch
(PSI).
7
SLPR FAN
Controls the on/off and fan speed of
the temperature control in the sleeper
compartment.
8
ENG BRAKE 1/2/3
A three position switch that selects the
amount of engine braking (1 = Low, 2
= Medium. 3 = High)
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Controls/Features
9
FOG LIGHT/ON
13
Turns on Fog Lamps when headlight
switch is on, and high beams are off.
10
OFF ROAD (Bendix)
This switch allows the operator to
release the air from the air bags in a
rear air suspension system when the
vehicle’s speed is less than 5 mph.
14
This switch enables and disables the
ABS traction control feature.
PTO A OFF/ON
This switch enables and disables the
ABS traction control feature.
FAN OVRD/ON
Used when vehicle has dual PTO
option.
15
With the switch in the “ON” position,
the engine fan mode is switched from
auto to the constant on.
12
PTO B OFF/ON
Used when vehicle has dual PTO
option.
PDL LOCK
This switch is used to lock together
the front and rear axle of a tandem for
improved traction at low speeds on
low-traction surfaces.
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PTO OFF/ON
Used when vehicle has single PTO
option.
MUD/SNOW (Wabco)
11
SUSP/DUMP
16
5TH WHEEL/SLIDE
This momentary switch, when held on,
releases the sliding 5th wheel (when
ignition switch is in ON and vehicle
speed is less than 2 mph).
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Controls/Features
17
FIFTH WHEEL JAW UNLOCK
19
Press and hold this momentary switch
to unlock the fifth wheel jaw. Vehicle
must be stationary, parking brake set,
and ignition switch in the RUN position.
5TH WHEEL JAW MONITORING
LOCK/UNLOCK
Locks rear drive axle differential when
vehicle has 6x4 independent locking
differentials for improved traction on
poor surfaces at low speeds.
20
21
22
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SLPR ENGINE CNTL
Sleeper engine control switch is used
when the vehicle has remote start.
Allows the remote engine start/stop via
a switch on the sleeper control panel.
DIFF FR AXLE/LOCK
Locks forward rear drive axle
differential when vehicle has 6x4
independent locking differentials for
improved traction on poor surfaces at
low speeds.
INHIBT REGEN/ON
The Regeneration Inhibit switch is used
to prevent the Normal Regeneration or
Parked Regeneration processes.
DIFF/LOCK
Used when vehicle has single locking
differential for improved traction on
poor surfaces at low speeds.
PARKD REGEN/ON
DPF regeneration activation when
parked switch is used for engine
after-treatment. Manually initiates DPF
regeneration.
These switches activate an electronic
jaw lock indicator system showing fifth
wheel jaw status to the operator.
18
DIFF RR AXLE/LOCK
23
TRLR AUX/ON
Auxiliary trailer socket center pin
control.
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Controls/Features
24
25
SPARE/ON
26. Auxiliary Power Connectors
Spare switch provided for customer
usage of additional options.
27. Cup Holder/Ashtray
QUAL-COM/PANIC
Sends distress signal.
Used in conjunction with the (optional)
Qualcomm satellite communication
system – see Qualcomm System
Owner’s Manual.
ENAB/DATA LOG
When enabled, allows the driver to log
the last five seconds of data group’s
operational parameter values into
ECM memory.
28. Ignition
29. Cigarette Lighter
30. Accessory Power Outlet
31. Manual Transmission Shift Lever
32. Dash Vehicle Information Display (optional)
33. Air Brake Valve Controls
a. Trailer Air Supply
b.
Parking Brake
34. Radio/Stereo
35. Automatic Transmission Push-Button Shifter (optional)
The center dash panel also consists of console components for
driver comfort and use, as well as the transmission controls and
Vehicle Information Display.
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Controls/Features
Climate Control
WARNING
Never drive the vehicle unless the windshield and all other windows are clear. A fogged, ice/snow covered, or dirty windshield
or window limits vision, which could cause an accident, resulting in property damage, personal injury, or death. To improve
defroster efficiency, remove ice and/or snow by hand from the windshield and windows with a non-metallic scraper.
CAUTION
To clear system of humid air, operate blowers for 30 seconds at high speed, with the AIR FLOW/AIR CONDITIONER knob on the
normal heating position before selecting the DEF position. This will prevent fogging the glass, which can occur if humid air is
blown onto a cool windshield.
NOTE: The vehicle may be equipped with heater shut off valve(s) to prevent hot coolant from circulating through the heater core(s). Closing the
valve(s) during hot weather operation will improve A/C system performance. If the valves are shut off, in-cab temperature adjustment may become
limited. In addition, when shut off valves are closed defrosters will only produce cold air.
Item No.
Item
Description
36
Fan Speed Control
Use this control to regulate the amount of air provided to the vents in any mode you select. Turn
the knob clockwise to increase fan speed. Turning the control to the “OFF” position will shut off the
fan, but does not prevent outside air from entering the vehicle. On vehicles equipped with A/C,
moving the mode knob to the “MAX A/C” position will close the fresh air door eliminating outside
air from entering the vehicle. Turning off the fan speed control also turns off the A/C compressor.
37
Temperature Control
Use this control to regulate the temperature of the air discharged from the vents. The blue area of
the control indicates cooler temperatures while the red area indicates warmer temperatures.
38
Mode Control
NOTE: The dot between the mode control icons is an additional mix position between the two
modes.
Use this control to direct the flow of air as follows:
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Controls/Features
MAX Air Conditioning Mode
In this mode all airflow is directed to the panel air outlets and the air is recirculated inside the
vehicle. Use this mode to block out any outside odors, smoke, or dust and to cool the interior
rapidly upon initial start up in very hot or humid weather.
NOTE: Continuous use of the recirculate mode may make the inside air stuffy. Use of this mode for
longer than fifteen minutes is not recommended.
The A/C compressor turns on and off automatically as needed when in this mode.
NORM Air Conditioning Mode
In this mode all airflow is directed to the panel air outlets. Fresh (outside) air is used to cool the
vehicle in this mode.
The A/C compressor turns on and off automatically as needed when in this mode.
Bi-Level Air Conditioning Mode
In this mode 75% of the airflow is directed to the panel air outlets and 25% of the airflow is directed
to the floor air outlets, and fresh (outside) air is circulated inside the vehicle.
The A/C compressor turns on and off automatically as needed when in this mode.
Vent Mode
In this mode all airflow is directed to the panel air outlets and fresh (outside) air is circulated
inside the vehicle.
Floor Mode
In this mode all airflow is directed to the floor air outlets and fresh (outside) air is circulated inside
the vehicle.
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Controls/Features
Mix Mode
In this mode 50% of the airflow is directed to the defrost and side demist air outlets and 50% of the
airflow is directed to the floor air outlets, and fresh (outside) air is circulated inside the vehicle.
The A/C compressor turns on and off automatically as needed when in this mode to reduce
humidity levels and help reduce moisture buildup on the windshield.
Defrost
In this mode all of the airflow is directed to the defrost and side demist air outlets and fresh
(outside) air is circulated inside the vehicle.
The A/C compressor turns on and off automatically as needed when in this mode to reduce
humidity levels and help reduce moisture buildup on the windshield.
To remove stale air or smoke while air conditioner is operating, you may want to open a vent window for a short period of time. Always park in
the shade when possible. If your vehicle has been parked in the sun with the windows up, remove the overheated air inside by driving with
windows down and the air conditioner ON for one or two city blocks.
CAUTION
It is normal for small amounts of water to drain out of the air
conditioner module. This water is condensed moisture removed
from the air inside the vehicle.
Failure to follow recommended service
procedures and maintain adequate air flow
through air exchange devices may result
in component failure.
Cleaning should be
performed by a qualified technician.
Correct airflow may be restored by either replacing the filter(s),
which can be done without tools, or by cleaning the filters. The
filter(s) may be cleaned by using a power washer with a soap
solution. Keep the spray head at least six inches away from the
filter to avoid damage. Rinse thoroughly.
Air Conditioning
Keep radiator area free of bugs, leaves etc. Do not cover the
condenser with a wire screen.
At least once or twice a month turn on the air conditioner for a
few minutes while the engine is running. This periodic operation
keeps all the mechanical parts of your air conditioner in good
operating condition.
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NOTE: If your air conditioning performance seems lower
than expected, check the front of the A/C condenser for an
accumulation of dirt or insects. Clean with a gentle water spray
from behind the radiator and through the condenser as required.
Check for dirt and debris in both the cab and sleeper HVAC
intake filters that may reduce airflow.
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Controls/Features
The heater-defroster systems can be operated simultaneously
with the air conditioner during mild weather and high humidity
conditions to dehumidify the cab air. Turn the mode button to
one of the A/C positions and position the temperature knob at
a comfortable temperature location. The air conditioner will
remove the humidity while the heater keeps the cab comfortable.
and engine usage, fuel economy information, video inputs
for external cameras and a USB port for loading MP3 audio
files that can be played through the radio. This unit also
provides an interface for the optional SmartWave® tire pressure
management system and a port that is compatible with
the optional Qualcomm Omnivision system. Refer to the
Driver Information Display operator reference card, or visit
http://www.lectronix.biz/support.html for additional information.
Electronic Vehicle Monitoring
Premium Display
Base Display
The optional Premium display is the same as the Base unit,
but with an additional navigation feature. This feature provides
mapping features, turn-by-turn directions, and truck points of
interest.
Dehumidification
SmartWave® Display
The optional Electronic Vehicle Monitoring Driver Information
Display provides trouble code reporting, trip status, vehicle
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The optional SmartWave® tire alerts and warnings display
has three automated tire alerts to instantly warn the driver of
an underinflated tire before it becomes dangerous; pressure
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Controls/Features
deviation alert, critical low pressure alert, and high temperature
alert. Refer to http://www.smartire.com/support/manuals for
complete owner’s manual.
Door and Window Controls
Door Lock/Unlock
Cab Doors and Locks
The cab door and sleeper luggage doors can be unlocked with
the same key used for the ignition lock. There is also a keyless
remote entry available.
Remote Keyless Entry Operation (Optional)
NOTE: This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules and
with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
NOTE: The vehicle is delivered with two identical keys. If
more keys are needed, order them through your authorized
International® Truck Dealer. Record the key code and keep it in
a secure place. A new key can be made if the keys are lost.
With mechanical locks, only one door can be locked/unlocked at
a time. Electrical locks can lock/unlock both doors by operating
either the key, keyless entry fob, or the inner door lock handle on
either side.
The remote keyless entry key fob is used to lock and unlock
both cab doors from a distance of 30 feet. Click once to unlock
the driver’s door, click twice to unlock both cab doors. Whenever
the doors are locked or unlocked using the key fob, the city
horn sounds momentarily (chirps). Also, the optional keyless
entry key fob turns on the interior light for a time period when its
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Controls/Features
Unlock button is pressed, and turns off the light (dims gradually
to off) when its Lock button is pressed. The Panic (emergency)
button, when pushed, causes the horn to chirp on/off for three
minutes, in unison with the headlights and park lights flashing.
This feature works only when the ignition switch is in the OFF
position.
1. Lock/Unlock Button
2. Door Control Panel
3. Driver Side Power Window Control
4. Passenger Side Power Window Control
5. Window Lock Control
Lock/Unlock From Interior
Locking the Door
WARNING
To help reduce the risk of personal injury in the
event of an accident, keep doors locked when
vehicle is in motion.
To lock, push the lock/unlock button on the lock symbol in the
door control panel located by the vent window. Pressing the
lock/unlock button on the lock symbol once locks both cab doors.
Unlocking the Door
To unlock, push the lock/unlock button on the unlock symbol in
the door control panel located by the vent window. Pressing the
lock/unlock button once on the unlock symbol unlocks the driver
door. Pressing it twice unlocks both doors.
Automatic Door Lock Function
The automatic lock function automatically locks the doors at a
predetermined speed.
Driver/Passenger Windows
Manual Operation
To lower door glass (driver door), turn window regulator handle
clockwise.
To raise glass, turn handle counterclockwise.
Reverse this procedure for the passenger door.
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Controls/Features
Power Operation
Mirror Controls
Trucks may have optional electrically operated driver and
passenger windows.
Controls for these window lifts are
mounted in the door control panels located by the vent windows.
The driver side controls regulate window operation for both
driver and passenger. To lower or raise driver window, press
and hold either “Up” or “Down” direction on the driver side AUTO
window control. To lower or raise passenger window, press
and hold either “Up” or “Down” direction on the passenger side
AUTO window control.
For one touch windows down operation, press and release the
window control in the “Down” direction. The window will then go
to the full down position automatically.
Window Lockout Function
The driver also has the ability to prevent passenger window
up/down operation by pressing the WINDOW LOCK control.
1. Mirror Select Switch
2. Mirror Direction Control Switch
These controls provides the driver with the ability to operate both
driver and passenger-side flat mirrors. Use the mirror select
switch to select which mirror is to be adjusted, and adjust the
mirror using the mirror direction control switch.
Vent Window
Vehicles are equipped with either a fixed or opening vent window.
The opening vent window can be opened and closed to allow
additional air flow into the cab.
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Controls/Features
Eaton VORAD Collision Warning System
(Optional)
WARNING
Before using this feature, read and thoroughly
understand the Eaton VORAD Collision Warning
Systems Driver Instructions manual, and obtain
proper training on the system. Improper use of
this system could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
WARNING
The Eaton VORAD Collision Warning System
is intended solely as an aid for an alert and
conscientious professional driver. It is not to
be used or relied upon to operate a vehicle.
The system should be used in conjunction with
rear view mirrors and other instrumentation to
maintain safe operation. A vehicle equipped with
the Vorad Collision Warning System should be
operated in the same safe manner as if the Vorad
Collision Warning System were not installed.
The system is not a substitute for normal safe
driving procedures. It will not compensate for
any driver impairment, such as drugs, alcohol, or
fatigue. Failure to heed this warning may result
in property damage, personal injury, or death.
WARNING
The Eaton VORAD Collision Warning System
may provide little or no warning for some
hazards, such as pedestrians, animals, oncoming
vehicles, and cross traffic.
Failure to heed
this warning could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
System Description
The Eaton VORAD system uses forward-looking radar and
optional side-looking radar to constantly monitor vehicles ahead
and in the blind spot area, respectively. The Vorad Collision
Warning System determines the distance and relative speed of
the object in front of the vehicle to warn the driver of potentially
dangerous situations through visual and audible alerts. The
SmartCruise® feature works with the vehicle’s cruise control
system to attempt to automatically maintain a fixed following
distance between the host vehicle and a vehicle ahead. The
Side Object Detection system can detect moving or stationary
objects in the lane next to the vehicle and alert the driver of their
presence.
Visual and audible alerts are provided by the Driver Interface Unit
located in the dash panel where it is easily visible and accessible.
Refer to the Driver Instruction manual for complete operating
instructions.
Driver Reward
The driver reward feature is designed to give the operator
programmable incentives for driving more efficiently. This
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Controls/Features
is accomplished by measuring the driver’s habits based on
fuel economy, time at idle, or both. Rewards include higher
maximum vehicle speed and higher cruise control speed limit.
Lower maximum vehicle speed or cruise control speed limits
may result as a penalty for failing to meet the standards.
The following driver reward visual indications appear in the form
of text messages in the gauge cluster digital display:
•
Expected – Reward indication which results in higher vehicle
speed limits.
•
Good – Reward indication which results in higher vehicle
speed limits.
94
•
Excellent – Reward indication which results in higher vehicle
speed limits.
•
Penalty – Penalty indication which results in lower vehicle
speed limits.
•
Increasing – Informs the driver that the vehicle speed limit
will soon be increased.
•
Decreasing – Informs the driver that the vehicle speed limit
will soon be decreased.
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Sleeper Features
SECTION 5 — SLEEPER FEATURES
Introduction
Common features on the International® ProStar®+ Series
56-inch (142 cm) (short) sleeper model.
General Information
There are three trim versions of sleepers available, the ProStar®+
Series, the ProStar®+ Eagle Series, and the ProStar®+ Eagle
Series Suite. The International® ProStar®+ Series sleeper
compartment comes in two sizes, 56-inch (142 cm) (short)
sleepers and 73-inch (185 cm) (long) sleepers.
Main Features
The sleeper compartments are designed to accommodate
different needs and your sleeper may or may not be equipped
with all the features listed in this section.
1. Duct Work Vents
2. Rear Wardrobe Cabinet
3. Airline Cabinets
4. Speakers
5. Control Panel
6. Cup Holders and Storage Trays
7. Lower Bunk
8. Under Bunk Storage Area
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Sleeper Features
Common features on the International® ProStar®+ Series
73-inch (185 cm) (long) sleeper model with lower bunk.
1. Duct Work Vents
2. Rear Wardrobe Cabinet
3. Airline Cabinets
4. Speakers
Common features on the International® ProStar®+ Series
73-inch (185 cm) (long) sleeper model with lower and upper
bunks.
7. Lower Bunk
8. Under Bunk Storage Area
9. Refrigerator Cabinet or Dresser Cabinet
10. Upper Bunk
5. Control Panel
6. Tower Cabinet
96
NOTE: Although not illustrated, the long sleeper models are
equipped with the same cup holders and storage trays (both
ends of lower bunk) as illustrated for the short sleeper model.
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Sleeper Features
Lighting
Floor Lights
Dome Light
There are two red floor lights located under the lower bunk
included with all sleeper cabs. These floor lights are controlled
by the same two-switch arrangement as the sleeper dome light.
The sleeper dome light is a large fluorescent light located on
the headliner of the sleeper compartment. The sleeper dome
light can be controlled by switches located on the sleeper
control panel and on the dash instrument panel. This two-switch
arrangement permits the driver to turn the sleeper dome light
on or off before entering the sleeper area and turn the sleeper
dome light on or off without having to go back to the cab area.
Reading Lights
The bunk reading light is positioned on the side panel, left side, to
provide illumination for easy reading. If the sleeper compartment
is equipped with the upper bunk option, a second reading light is
provided at the head of the upper bunk. Depressing the switch
on the housing will turn the reading light on and off.
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Accent Lights
Convenient accent lights are located on the sleeper
compartment headliner and provide an additional level of
illumination within the sleeper compartment. There are four
accent lights in the long sleeper and two accent lights in the
short sleeper. Two switches are located on the sleeper control
panel for controlling the accent lights.
•
Accent Light Dimmer Switch: Used for adjusting the
brightness of the sleeper compartments accent lights.
•
Accent Light Switch: Used for turning the accent lights on
and off.
97
Sleeper Features
Sleeper Control Panel
General Information
The sleeper control panel comes with several optional features
but the main components are the switch pack, sleeper climate
controls, and inverter control panel.
Sleeper Control Panel
98
Item
No.
Component
Description
1
Switch Pack
The sleeper control panel is equipped with
locations for up to six switches.
2
Climate
Controls
Manual heater, ventilation, and air
conditioning (HVAC) Controls.
3
Power
Receptacle
Standard 12V power socket.
4
Radio Remote
Control
Can be used to control the functions of the
dash mounted radio from the sleeper.
5
Inverter
Control Panel
The inverter control panel is used for
controlling the power inverter that allows
the use of items such as a TV, VCR,
microwave, hair dryer, etc.
6
Climate
Controls
Optional LED electronic heater, ventilation,
and air conditioning (HVAC) Controls.
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Sleeper Features
Accent Light Dimmer Switch
Engine Control Switch
This switch is used for adjusting the brightness and
dimness of the sleeper compartment accent lights.
•
Up position brightens the accent lights.
•
Down position dims the accent lights.
WARNING
Never start the engine unless you’re sure the
transmission selector is in neutral and the brake
is applied, otherwise accidental movement of the
vehicle can occur, which could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
Accent Light Switch
CAUTION
This two position switch operates the four accent lights
located in the long sleeper ceiling or two accent lights
located in the short sleeper ceiling.
•
Press on the top of the switch to turn the accent
lights on.
•
Press the bottom of the switch to turn the accent
lights off.
Sleeper Dome/Floor Light Switch
DO NOT crank the engine for more than 30
seconds at a time; wait two minutes after each
try to allow the starter to cool. Failure to follow
these instructions could cause starter damage.
The ENGINE CNTL switch allows the operator to start the vehicle
from the sleeper compartment.
NOTE: The ENGINE CNTL switch will only operate
under the following conditions:
This two-position switch operates the large fluorescent
dome light located in the sleeper ceiling and the three
red floor lights located under the lower bunk and the
dash center panel.
•
Dash mounted SLPR ENGINE CNTL switch is ON
•
Transmission is in neutral
•
Parking brake is set
•
•
Hood is closed
•
Ignition switch in the ON position with the engine not running
•
Press on the top of the switch to turn the dome light
on or off.
Press on the bottom of the switch to turn the floor lights on
or off.
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Sleeper Features
To start the engine from the sleeper, press and hold the top of the
ENGINE CNTL switch. There will be a 15 second delay during
which an audible engine start alarm will sound then the engine
will begin cranking. Release the switch as soon as the engine
starts.
To stop the engine, press the ENGINE CNTL switch again.
Manual Climate Controls
NOTE: If sleeper air conditioning is desired and the main cab
blower is not enabled, the air conditioner will not function and the
message Activate Front Blower will appear on the instrument
panel gauge cluster.
The manual climate controls allow the
operator to adjust the temperature and
amount of air circulated through the
sleeper compartment.
1. Fan Control: Turns the fan on and
off, and controls the fan speeds.
NOTE: Fan speed will be limited to approximately 50% of
maximum when the engine is not running.
2.
Temperature Control: Use the temperature control
to regulate the temperature of the air inside the sleeper
compartment. This temperature is independent of the cab area.
The blue area indicates cooler temperatures and the red area
indicates warmer temperatures.
Electronic Climate Controller
NOTE: If sleeper air conditioning is desired and the main cab
blower is not enabled, the air conditioner will not function and the
message Activate Front Blower will appear on the instrument
panel gauge cluster.
The electronic climate controller provides
easy adjustments of the sleepers heating
and air conditioning system by using the
buttons.
1. Fan Control Buttons: Pressing the
left button repeatedly will lower the fan
speed to minimum, then turn the fan OFF.
Pressing the right button turns the fan ON
(if currently off), then raises the fan speed
to maximum.
NOTE: Fan speed will be limited to
approximately 50% of maximum when the engine is not running.
2.
Temperature Control Buttons: Use these buttons
to regulate the temperature of the air inside the sleeper
compartment independent of the cab area. Press the left
button to lower the temperature and the right button to raise the
temperature.
3. Display: Allows the operator to view the settings for fan speed
and air temperature as they are being adjusted.
NOTE: The temperature display is a representation of the current
temperature set point, not actual sleeper temperature.
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Sleeper Features
Power Receptacle
Remote Power Inverter Panel
A 12 Volt power socket is located to the right of the
sleeper climate controls. This power source provides
a location to operate accessories.
This optional feature allows the operator
to control the power inverter (if equipped)
from the sleeper compartment.
The
power inverter converts 12 Volt DC
current to 120 Volt AC current for running
the electrical features in the sleeper
compartment.
Radio Remote Control
The radio remote control gives the operator the ability to operate
the dash-mounted radio from the sleeper compartment. For
more information on the radio remote control refer to the Radio
Manual.
1. ON/OFF Buttons: Press
System ON button to turn
power inverter on and press
System OFF button to turn
power inverter off.
the
the
the
the
2. Power Indicator Light: The power inverter light will be
illuminated green when the power inverter is powered
on. A blinking green light indicates that the power
inverter is in standby mode and the batteries are being
charged.
3. Fault Indicator Light: This light is used to notify the
operator that a fault exists with the power inverter. A
solid red light indicates the power inverter is in Over
Temperature/Overload/or Battery Low Mode. No light
indicates that no fault exists.
For more information on the remote power inverter panel refer to
the Power Inverter Manual.
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Sleeper Features
Windows
The sleeper compartment is equipped with a window on each
side that can be opened for ventilation.
General Information
CAUTION
Make sure windows are closed before washing
the cab. Water can enter the cab through the
window opening.
1. Sleeper
Window
•
Lift the handle to open the window.
•
Lower the handle to close and lock the window.
Optional privacy curtains are provided to cover the sleeper
windows. To install the curtains, place the curtain over the
window and secure the curtain loops to the window frame.
When not in use, store the curtains in one of the storage
compartments.
2. Handle
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Sleeper Features
Bunk Restraint System
Adjustable Belts
General Information
This two-belt system is standard with the sleeper lower bunk.
To use the adjustable belt system, the bunk occupant should
place one belt across the lower body (positioned above the
occupants knees but below the hips), and the other belt should
be positioned across the upper body (above the hips but
below the shoulders). Slack must be removed from belts after
connecting the buckle by pulling the loose end of each belt to fit
the connected belt snugly across the occupant’s body.
WARNING
Always use occupant restraint system when
vehicle is moving. Any location in the vehicle not
equipped with a seat belt, bunk restraint belts,
or sleeper berth restraint webbing should not
be occupied when the vehicle is being operated.
In the event of a vehicle accident or sudden,
unexpected movement, failure to properly use
an occupant restraint system could result in
personal injury or death.
Two types of sleeper bunk occupant restraint systems are
available with sleeper bunks supplied by Navistar, Inc. If the
sleeper berth is not provided with one of these two types of
restraint systems, that bunk is not intended to be occupied when
the vehicle is in motion and must not be used when the vehicle
is being operated. The description and recommended usage of
the two available restraint systems for sleeper berth areas are
as follows:
3878859R2
Restraint Webbing System
The optional restraint webbing system is secured around the
bunk with seven buckles. The only restraint system provided
with the optional upper bunk is the restraint webbing system. To
use the restraint webbing system follow these steps:
103
Sleeper Features
To install the restraint webbing system onto the sleeper bunk:
1. Enter the bunk and lay the restraint webbing system out
on top of your body.
2. Insert two rear latches on the rear wall into two mating
buckles (4) that are sewn to the restraint webbing
system, making sure that both buckles are fully latched.
3. Insert three front latches that are sewn to the front of the
restraint webbing system into the front buckles mounted
at the front of the bunk, making sure that all three front
buckles are fully latched.
1. Bunk
2. Restraint Webbing System
3. Rear Latches
4. Rear Buckles
5. Font Latches
6. Front Buckles
7. Side Latch Plates
8. Side Buckles
9. Restraint Strap
104
4. The restraint webbing system is designed to be held up
away from the reclining bunk occupant by the adjustable
side latch plates on each side of the restraint webbing
system. Insert two side latch plates that are sewn to the
restraint webbing system into the side mating buckles
located on the sleeper compartment side walls.
5. To adjust the restraint webbing system, pull the short
straps at the side latch plates on each side of the
restraint webbing system to tighten.
Loosen the
restraint webbing system by raising the side latch plates
away from the restraint strap to allow the restraint strap
to loosen through the latch plates.
6. Removal of the restraint webbing system is done by
loosening both side latch plates, unlatching the side
latch plates, unlatching the three buckles at the front of
the bunk, and unlatching the two buckles attached to
the rear wall.
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Sleeper Features
Lower Bunk
General Information
Upper and lower bunks are available in the International®
ProStar®+ Series sleeper compartment. The lower bunk is
standard while the upper bunk is an option. The lower bunk is
hinged for access to the features under the bunk. Gas shocks
aid in opening and closing of the lower bunk and hold the bunk
in the raised position for access.
3878859R2
Item Component
No.
Description
1
Release
Latch
To open, press upward on the latch mechanism
and lift the front edge of the bunk platform. To
close, lower the bunk until the latch mechanism
is locked in place.
2
Gas Shocks
The lower bunk is fitted with two gas shocks
to aid in opening, closing, and supporting the
bunk in the opened position.
3
Lights
The lower bunk has two automatic lights that
turn on as the bunk is raised and turn off when
the bunk is lowered. These lights also operate
when the exterior luggage doors are opened.
4
Storage
Tray
A removable storage tray is located under the
center of the bunk and can easily be removed
from its location once the bunk is opened.
5
Lock Boxes
Two lock boxes are provided under the bunk
storage tray for securing valuables out of site.
6
Power
Inverter
The optional power inverter is stored under the
bunk in the center compartment.
7
Sleeper
The sleeper heating, ventilation, and air
HVAC
conditioning (HVAC) components are stored
Components under the bunk.
8
Luggage
Access to the luggage compartments can be
Compartment achieved from the interior with the lower bunk
in the raised position.
105
Sleeper Features
9
Sleeper
HVAC
Intake
Allows air to enter sleeper HVAC unit. Do not
block HVAC air intake.
10
Sleeper
HVAC Air
Intake Filter
Replaceable/cleanable filter cleans air and
protects heat exchanger from becoming
plugged with lint and debris.
Upper Bunk
General Information
The optional upper bunk is hinged and can be raised and locked
out of the way. Brackets are located on each side wall to hold
the bunk in the down position and a latch is located on the
passenger side to hold the bunk or release it from its stowed
position. Access to the upper bunk is provided by steps that are
attached to the driver side tower cabinet.
1. Release Latch
2. Upper Bunk Frame
3. Upper Bunk
NOTE: The sleeper compartment is equipped with a dome light
to aid entry and exit into the upper bunk. The dome light on/off
switches are located on the dash instrument panel and on the
sleeper control panel.
106
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Sleeper Features
Entering The Upper Bunk
1. Begin by facing the bottom step, placing your right foot
on the bottom step, and grasp the front edge of the
airline cabinet with your right hand and grasp the front
bunk rail with your left hand (The bunk area is designed
for your head to be at the driver’s side of the bunk).
2. Step up on the bottom step and place your left foot on
the top step while maintaining a firm grip on the front
edge of the airline cabinet with your right hand and the
front bunk rail with your left hand.
3. Release your right hand from the front edge of the airline
cabinets and grasp the front bunk rail.
4. Step up on the top step with both feet and while keeping
a firm grip with both hands on the front bunk rail, swing
your right hip over onto the upper bunk.
5. Release your left hand from the front bunk rail and grip
the front edge of the upper bunk, along side your left hip.
1. Bottom Step
6. Swing your legs up and to the right, positioning your
body in the center of the upper bunk.
2. Airline Cabinet
3. Front Bunk Rail
4. Top Step
5. Upper Bunk
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107
Sleeper Features
Exiting The Upper Bunk
1. While keeping a firm grip with both hands on the front
edge of the upper bunk, sit up on the upper bunk
positioning your body above the top step and your legs
over the front of the upper bunk.
2. Grab the front bunk rail with your right hand and the front
edge of the upper bunk with your left hand. Pivot your
body to the left, swinging your left leg down, and placing
your left foot on the top step (4). Release the front bunk
rail with your right hand and grasp the front edge of the
airline cabinet.
3. Grab the front bunk rail with your left hand and front edge
of the airline cabinet with your right hand, and place your
weight on the top step. Step down with your right foot to
the bottom step.
1. Bottom Step
4. Keeping a firm grip on the front bunk rail and the front
edge of the airline cabinet, step down to the cab floor
with your left foot followed by your right foot. You can
now release the front bunk rail and front edge of the
airline cabinet.
2. Airline Cabinet
3. Front Bunk Rail
4. Top Step
5. Upper Bunk
108
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Sleeper Features
Cabinets/Storage
NOTE: The following will describe and illustrate the standard
cabinets and their storage functions for the International®
ProStar®+ Series long sleeper. Your vehicle may not have all of
these features.
General Information
WARNING
Always remove all loose items from the interior
and store appropriately when vehicle is in motion.
Falling items can be a distraction to the driver or
a projectile during an accident which could result
in personal injury or death.
The sleeper compartment is designed to accommodate several
different types of cabinet configurations to fit all needs.
1. Optional Dresser Cabinet or Optional Refrigerator
Cabinet
2. Airline Cabinets
3. Rear Wardrobe
4. Tower Wardrobe
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109
Sleeper Features
Cabinets
Refrigerator Cabinet
2. Release Knob: A release knob is used to open the
work table. To open, depress the knob, the knob will
extend from the work table, then pull the work table
open. To close the work table depress the tab, along
the forward side of the work table, and slide the work
table shut. Once the work table is closed the knob
needs to be pressed in to a flush position with the work
table (this prevents the knob from getting hung on your
clothing and other items as you move around in the
sleeper compartment).
3. Lift Release Handle: The drawer is equipped with a lift
release handle. To open the drawer, lift the handle from
the bottom and slide the drawer open. To close, push the
drawer shut until the lift release handle locks the drawer
shut.
4. Door Lock: The door lock prevents the door from
opening while in motion. To unlock, push the door lock
to the left. To lock the door, push the door lock to the
right.
1. Refrigerator Top: The top of the refrigerator cabinet
serves as a desk top.
5. Door: The optional 1.7 cubic ft. refrigerator is equipped
with an adjustable thermostat, internal light, shelf, and
small freezer for making ice. The door provides an
attractive look to the refrigerator cabinet and hides the
refrigerator.
6. Magazine Pocket: Provides a storage area for books,
magazines, and maps.
7. Refrigerator Cabinet: The refrigerator cabinet is
available on select International® ProStar®+ Series long
sleeper models and is located behind the passenger’s
seat.
110
3878859R2
Sleeper Features
8. Drawer: A small drawer is provided at the top of the
refrigerator cabinet for storage.
Dresser Cabinet
9. Work Table: Pull-out work table. Important: A release
latch is located on the right hand work table guide to
allow the table to be stowed. To close simply depress
the release latch and slide the work table shut.
Horizontal Refrigerator
An optional horizontal refrigerator is available on select
International® ProStar®+ Series sleeper models and is located
under the lower bunk.
1. Control Knob/Thermostat
2. Power Indicator
3. Drawer
4. Refrigerator Cabinet
5. Lift Release Handle
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1. Dresser Top: The top of the dresser cabinet serves as
a desk top.
2. Release Knob: A release knob is used to open the work
table. To open, depress the knob, the knob will extend
from the work table, then pull the work table open. To
close the work table depress the tab, along the left side
of the work table, and slide the work table shut. Once
the work table is closed the knob needs to be pressed in
to a flush position with the work table (this prevents the
knob from getting hung on your clothing and other items
as you move around in the sleeper compartment).
111
Sleeper Features
3. Lift Release Handle: All drawers are equipped with lift
release handles. To open the drawers, lift the handle
from the bottom and slide the drawer open. To close,
push the drawer shut until the lift release handle locks
the drawer shut.
Tower Wardrobe Cabinet
4. Large Drawers: Two large drawers are provided for
storage.
5. Magazine Pocket: Provides a storage area for books,
magazines, and maps.
6. Dresser Cabinet: The dresser cabinet is available on
select International® ProStar®+ Series long sleeper
models and is located behind the passenger’s seat.
7. Small Drawer: One small drawer is provided at the top
of the dresser cabinet for storage.
8. Work Table: Pull-out work table. Important: A release
latch is located on the right hand work table guide to
allow the table to be stowed. To close simply depress
the release latch and slide the work table shut.
1. Tower Wardrobe: The tower wardrobe cabinet is
available on select International® ProStar®+ Series long
sleeper models and is located behind the driver’s seat.
The tower wardrobe cabinet provides hanging clothes
storage. When equipped with the upper bunk option,
the tower wardrobe cabinet provides steps for access
to the upper bunk.
2. Magazine Pocket: Provides a storage area for books,
magazines, and maps.
3. Door: The optional door is provided on select
International® ProStar®+ Series sleeper models. Some
models are fitted with no door or a snap-on cloth curtain.
112
3878859R2
Sleeper Features
4. Lift Release Handle: The optional door is equipped
with a lift release handle. To open the door, lift the handle
from the front and open the door. To close, push the door
shut until the lift release handle locks the door shut.
Rear Wardrobe Cabinet
5. Internal Light: The internal light is mounted on the
tower wardrobe cabinets that are equipped with a door.
This automatic light turns on as the door is opened and
turns off when the door is closed.
1. Rear Wardrobe: The rear wardrobe cabinet is mounted
on the rear wall of International® ProStar®+ Series
sleeper models and provides storage for hanging
clothes. When an upper bunk is installed in the sleeper
compartment, the rear wardrobe cabinet is not installed.
2. Gas Shocks: The rear wardrobe is fitted with two gas
shocks to aid in opening, closing, and supporting the
rear wardrobe in the opened position.
3. Door: The door is provided on select International®
ProStar®+ Series sleeper models. Some models are
either fitted with no door or a snap-on zipper cover.
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113
Sleeper Features
4. Hanging Closet:
hanging clothes.
Provides storage locations for
Airline Cabinets
5. Mirror: A mirror is provided with the rear wardrobe.
6. Logo Button: The logo button is used for opening the
rear wardrobe cabinet. To open, push the logo button
with one hand while lifting the door with the other hand.
To close, lower the door to the closed position, apply
pressure to the bottom latch area, and the door will lock
shut.
1. Airline Cabinets: These airline-style cabinets are
mounted at the top of the side walls and can come in
configurations of one, two, or three cabinets on each
side of select International® ProStar®+ Series sleeper
models.
2. Door: Each airline cabinet is provided with its own
pull-down door to secure stored items.
3. Interior Storage: Interior storage is provided to secure
items away from sight and prevent them from moving
around while the vehicle is in motion.
114
3878859R2
Sleeper Features
Convenience Features
Power Sockets
General Information
Several 120 volt AC power sockets, for using electrical
appliances within the sleeper, are distributed throughout
the sleeper compartment .
The sleeper cab is equipped with additional features that make
living on the road easier and more convenient.
Speakers
Sleeper Curtain
Privacy curtains are available on all International® ProStar®+
Series sleeper models to ensure privacy and to darken the cabin
from outside light. Curtains are designed to separate the back of
the driver/passenger seats and the sleeper compartment. When
the curtains are not in use, they are easy to store by sliding them
to the sides of the cab, wrapping the straps around them, and
securing the straps to the snaps provided on the cab side walls.
Television Mount
Mounted behind the passengers seat and just below the airline
cabinet is the optional television mount on select International®
ProStar®+ Series long sleeper models. Straps are provided with
the television mount to secure the television to the mount plate.
A convenient antenna and power socket is located on the side
wall next to the television mount.
Power Inverter
The power converter is available on select International®
ProStar®+ Series sleeper models and is used for converting 12
Volt DC current to 120 Volt AC current, so that devices such
as a refrigerator, TV, VCR, microwaves, hair dryers, etc. can
be used within the sleeper compartment. Refer to the Power
Inverter Manual for more information.
3878859R2
There are two standard coaxial speakers mounted on the rear
wall of the sleeper compartment just above the lower bunk. An
optional 10-inch subwoofer speaker is available for the sleeper
compartment along with an amplifier that mounts under the lower
bunk (driver side luggage compartment).
Floor Covering
The standard floor covering for the International® ProStar®+
Series sleeper compartment is a durable rubber mat with
cushioned insulation under the rubber mat.
An optional carpet insert is available on select International®
ProStar®+ Series sleeper models. It can easily be removed for
cleaning.
Sleeper Fan
The optional sleeper compartment fan is mounted on the
headliner just behind the passenger seat. The sleeper fan is
equipped with a push-button switch for turning the fan on, off,
and adjusting the fan speeds.
115
Sleeper Features
116
3878859R2
Operation
SECTION 6 — OPERATION
Operation Safety
WARNING
General Information
WARNING
Operation of a diesel engine near flammable
vapors in the air may cause the engine speed
to increase uncontrollably and overspeed. If
this situation occurs, mechanical damage, fire,
explosion, personal injury or death could result.
Turning off the ignition switch will not slow or
stop the engine due to uncontrollable fueling
of the engine through flammable vapors being
drawn into the engine air inlet. Operation of
components such as starter, alternator, electric
motors, etc. and static electricity could also
ignite flammable vapors.
Do not operate the truck in the possible presence
of flammable vapors unless both a complete
hazard analysis is performed and necessary
additional safety processes and/or equipment
such as vapor testing, air intake shutoff devices,
ventilation, etc. are utilized. The operator is
responsible for using those processes and/or
equipment to ensure that the diesel engine
and all other components on the truck can be
operated safely under the specific conditions
and hazards that may be encountered.
3878859R2
Do not exceed the truck’s gross axle weight,
gross vehicle weight, and gross combination
weight ratings.
Exceeding these ratings by
overloading can cause component failure
resulting in property damage, personal injury, or
death.
WARNING
Always use occupant restraint system when
vehicle is moving. Any location in the vehicle not
equipped with a seat belt should not be occupied
when the vehicle is being operated. In the event
of a vehicle accident or sudden, unexpected
movement, failure to properly use an occupant
restraint system could result in personal injury
or death.
WARNING
Always use the ashtray(s) provided for disposing
of cigar, cigarette, or pipe ashes and tobacco.
Failure to use an ashtray is a fire hazard and
could result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
117
Operation
WARNING
When parking your vehicle, do not leave
transmission in gear. Always use parking brake.
When parking on a grade, chock wheels and
turn front wheels to keep the vehicle from rolling
into the traveled portion of the roadway. Failure
to follow these procedures could cause an
unattended vehicle to move, resulting in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
Seat Belts
General Information
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death, do not ride
in the vehicle cargo area or on the outside of
the vehicle. Ride only in designated seating
positions or sleeper berth with seat belts or bunk
restraints fastened and properly adjusted.
WARNING
WARNING
Exhaust gases from engines contain hazardous
compounds. Do not operate engines in enclosed
areas without abundant forced ventilation (with
garage doors and windows wide open). Maintain
exhaust system in good operating condition.
Breathing exhaust gases could result in personal
injury or death.
This section contains information concerning the safe operation
of your vehicle. It is extremely important that this information is
read and understood before the vehicle is operated.
Failure to properly inspect and maintain seat belts
could result in personal injury or death.
WARNING
Any seat belt in use during an accident must
be replaced. When replacement of any part of
the seat belt is required, the entire belt must be
replaced, both retractor and buckle sides. Belt
failure could result in personal injury or death.
Cab Controls
The cab controls and features are described in detail in
the Controls/Features section of this manual. Read and
understand the entire Controls/Features section of this manual
before operating this vehicle.
118
NOTE: Periodically inspect the seat belts for wear and function.
Replace any parts whose performance is in doubt.
3878859R2
Operation
General Information
Operation
Safety belts must be worn by the driver and all passengers at
all times. Before adjusting or fastening the safety belt, move
the seat forward or backward and adjust the seat height as
necessary. Sit erect and adjust the seat cushion and seat back
for a comfortable driving position. In the event of a collision,
a correct driving position maximizes the effectiveness of the
safety belt.
Tether straps are installed on all suspension-type seats. Tether
straps help secure the seat to the floor and are intended to
restrain the seat and safety belt in case of an accident or
sudden stop. The tethers are not adjustable and do not need
any adjustment.
1. Three-Point Seat Belt
2. Retractor
3. Buckle
4. Tongue
5. Clip
3878859R2
119
Operation
To operate the seat belt follow these steps:
1. Slowly pull the three-point seat belt out of the retractor
and slowly pull it across your lap far enough to engage
the buckle. If the retractor locks too soon, allow the seat
belt to retract slightly, then slowly pull it out again.
2. To fasten the seat belt, insert the tongue into the buckle
until it latches. Give the seat belt a firm tug to ensure
that the buckle is securely fastened.
3. The seat belt must be free to slide through the tongue,
allowing the belt tension to equalize across hips and
chest. The retractor is a locking type that allows the seat
belt to come out and to adjust for body movement.
4. The seat belt will return to the retractor as the body
returns to its original position. The retractor will retain
moderate tension across the body in its operation mode.
Care of Seat Belts
WARNING
Do not bleach or re-dye seat belt webbing.
Bleaching or re-dying may cause a weakening
of the webbing, resulting in personal injury or
death.
Clean the belts occasionally with mild soap; do not use cleaning
solvents or abrasives.
The entire seat belt assembly should be inspected periodically
for corrosion, wear, fraying or weak spots. The retractor, latch,
and buckle should be checked for proper function, and all seat
belt mounting bolts should be tight at all times.
5. The seat belt is equipped with a clip to eliminate the
moderate belt tension across the body. It can be
adjusted by pressing the button and sliding the clip
along the seat belt.
6. To release the seat belt, push the button release latch
on the buckle and give the seat belt a tug to assist the
seat belt into the retractor.
120
3878859R2
Operation
Seats
General Information
WARNING
Do not adjust driver’s seat while vehicle
is moving.
The seat could suddenly or
unexpectedly move causing the driver to lose
control of vehicle, which could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
WARNING
Reckless operation of this vehicle over rough
roads or surfaces can cause loss of vehicle
control and result in property damage, personal
injury, or death. Use caution and reduce speed.
Properly adjusted seats and seating systems
may not compensate completely for severe road
conditions. Ensure that head clearance will be
maintained during all road conditions, as the seat
may move up and decrease the available space.
There are several seat options that can be used in the
International® ProStar®+ Series vehicle. If a different seat
assembly than the one listed below is installed in your vehicle,
see your authorized International® Truck Dealer.
The air suspension seats for the driver and passenger are
equipped with features that adjust for maximum comfort and
safety. Depending on which models are installed in the vehicle,
some of these features may not apply.
3878859R2
121
Operation
Seat Controls and Adjustments
Item No.
Item
Description
1
Backrest Tilt
By rotating the handle, the backrest recline angle can be adjusted.
2
Chugger Snubber
Moving the handle down isolates the seat from the fore and aft movement of the cab.
3
Armrests
Armrests can be adjusted by lowering/raising to desired angle.
4
Swivel Seat
Turn release lock and press inward to allow seat to swivel towards the center and rear of the cab.
5
Cushion Front Tilt
Pulling the handle up and out adjusts the tilt and length of the seat cushion.
6
Fore and Aft Movement
Press the lever sideways to unlock the seat and adjust the fore/aft position.
7
Back Cycler
Pressing this button activates the lumbar massage feature.
NOTE: This feature operates from the truck air supply and does not turn off automatically when the
truck is shut down. To avoid depleting the air tank(s) during shutdown periods, make sure the Back
Cycler is manually turned off prior to shutdown.
8
Ride Height
Push the switch up to inflate the air bag and increase the ride height. Push the switch down to
deflate the air bag and lower the ride height.
9
Seat Cushion Side Support
Push the switch up to inflate the seat cushion side supports. Push the switch down to deflate the
seat cushion side supports.
10
Backrest Side Support
Push the switch up to inflate the backrest side supports. Push the switch down to deflate the
backrest side support.
11
Triple Lumbar
These three switches operate the three chamber lumbar supports. Push each switch up to inflate
either the upper, middle, or lower chamber, and push each switch down to deflate the chambers.
122
3878859R2
Operation
Starting Procedures
Engine Starting
General Information
The ignition switch has four key
positions as follows:
WARNING
1. ACC (Accessory)
Never start the engine unless you’re sure the
transmission selector is in neutral and the brake
is applied, otherwise accidental movement of the
vehicle can occur, which could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
2. OFF
CAUTION
1. Apply the parking brake and place the transmission in
the neutral position. If equipped with a clutch pedal, the
clutch pedal must be depressed.
DO NOT crank the engine for more than 30
seconds at a time; wait two minutes after each
try to allow the starter to cool. Failure to follow
these instructions could cause starter damage.
3. ON
4. START
2. Turn OFF the headlights and all accessories.
3. Turn the key clockwise to the ON position.
NOTE: Before starting the engine:
4. Turn the key to the START position.
•
Read and understand the Controls/Features section of this
manual.
5. When the engine starts, release the key.
•
Perform the left and right engine compartment inspections
outlined in the Inspection Guide section of this manual.
•
If your vehicle has an optional battery disconnect switch, be
sure that it is in the on position. This switch is cab mounted,
or mounted on the battery box.
NOTE: Automated manual transmissions must be in neutral
and vehicles with a clutch pedal require the clutch pedal to be
depressed before the starter will engage.
3878859R2
6. The key will return to the ON position and the engine will
continue to run.
7. To stop the engine, rotate the key counterclockwise to
the OFF position.
8. To place the ignition switch in ACC (Accessory) position,
rotate key counterclockwise to the ACC position.
Accessory features can now be used without engine
operation.
123
Operation
9. To terminate ACC (Accessory) operation, rotate the key
clockwise to the OFF position.
1. Place the transmission in the neutral position.
2. Apply the parking brake.
After the Engine Starts
3. Turn off the headlights and all accessories.
•
Do not increase engine speed until the oil pressure gauge
indicates normal pressure.
4. Idle a hot engine for 2 to 5 minutes to allow the
turbocharger to cool.
•
Make sure the engine oil pressure is indicated on the gauge
within 20 seconds after starting.
5. Rotate the key counterclockwise to the OFF position,
and remove key from the ignition switch.
•
Operate the engine for three to five minutes before operating
at full power.
•
Try to limit engine idle to 10 minutes. Excessive idling
reduces fuel economy, and may decrease oil life.
•
When starting a cold engine, increase the engine speed
(RPM) slowly to make sure adequate lubrication is available
to the bearings.
Engine Shutdown
Idle the engine for three to five minutes before shutting down.
This few minutes of idling allows the lubricating oil and water
to carry heat away from components heat-soaked by hot
combustion/exhaust gasses.
The larger the engine, the greater the need for this idling period.
This will help avoid damage to turbocharger seals or like features
of an engine which, after shut down, will no longer be cooled by
the circulation of oil and coolant.
124
Emergency Starting
WARNING
The following procedures must be performed
exactly as outlined, otherwise a fire or a battery
explosion could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
CAUTION
To prevent damage to vehicle electronic
components, voltage supplied to a vehicle’s
electrical system must never exceed 16.0 volts.
This voltage must not be exceeded when the
ignition switch is in the OFF, ACC, or IGN
position, or during engine cranking. The most
reliable means for jump starting a vehicle is
to connect charged 12–volt batteries so as to
provide controlled voltage. Never use an electric
welder.
3878859R2
Operation
NOTE: The International® ProStar®+ Series vehicle is equipped
with a remote jump start stud, located on the back of the battery
box, that eliminates the need to remove the battery box cover
when jump starting is required.
1. To prevent shorting of the electrical system, remove
metal rings or watches and do not allow metal tools to
contact the positive terminal of battery or jumper cables.
2. Place transmission in Neutral and set parking brake in
both the discharged and booster vehicle.
8. With the engine running on the booster vehicle, allow the
discharged batteries to charge for at least 5 minutes.
9. Attempt to start the discharged vehicle.
10. Reverse above procedure when removing the jumper
cables.
Cold Weather
General Information
3. Shut all electrical loads in both vehicles.
4. Eye protection should be worn if available. If not
available, shield eyes when near either vehicle’s
batteries.
5. DO NOT permit vehicles to touch each other when jump
starting.
6. Connect one end of the first jumper cable to positive
(+) terminal of the dead battery or (+) terminal of dead
battery jump start stud and then connect the other end
of the jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal of the
booster battery.
7. Connect one end of the second jumper cable to the
negative (-) terminal of the booster battery and the other
end to chassis frame of the vehicle with the discharged
battery. Do not attach the other end to the negative
(-) battery terminal of the discharged battery, because
a spark could occur and cause explosion of gases
normally present around the battery.
3878859R2
WARNING
Explosion Hazard. Do not use volatile starting
aids such as ether, propane, or gasoline in the
engine air intake system. Glow plugs and/or grid
heater will ignite vapors, which can cause severe
engine damage, personal injury, or death.
Cold Weather Starting
There are two optional features available on the International®
ProStar®+ Series truck for frequently operating the vehicle in cold
climates.
Ether Injection System: This temperature controlled system is
automatically activated at air temperatures below 32° and injects
a safe, metered amount of ether prior to engine cranking. The
ether injection system is mounted to the left frame rail under the
hood.
Engine Block Heater: For cold climates an optional engine
block heater is available. The block heater utilizes an external
125
Operation
power source to keep the engine coolant warm and a 120-volt
socket for connecting to the external power source. The 120-volt
socket is mounted below the driver’s side door.
Engine Idling
CAUTION
Because diesel engines are highly efficient, they
use very little fuel while idling. As a result, idling
in cold weather will not heat the engine to its
normal operating temperature. This in turn can
cause a build-up of heavy deposits of carbon
and rust on valve stems causing them to stick.
Sticking valves can cause significant valve train
damage. The colder the ambient temperature,
the more likely this will occur.
Cold Weather Operation
In order to operate the engine in temperatures of 32° F (0° C) or
lower, observe the following instructions:
•
Make certain that batteries are of sufficient size and in fully
charged condition. Check that all other electrical equipment
is in optimum condition.
•
Use permanent type engine antifreeze solution to protect
against damage by freezing.
•
At the end of each daily operation, drain water from
fuel/water separator, if equipped.
•
Fill fuel tank at end of daily operation to prevent
condensation in fuel tank.
•
•
•
126
The following cold weather idling guidelines must be followed:
•
Avoid extended idling (beyond 10 minutes) whenever
possible to maximize engine and Diesel Particulate Filter
(DPF) life. See Exhaust Filter Regeneration in this section
for more information.
Be sure to use proper cold weather lubricating oil, and be
sure crankcase is at proper level.
•
Use a minimum 40 Cetane diesel fuel or utilize Cetane Index
improvers from a reputable manufacturer.
At temperatures of 20° F (-6° C) and below, it is
recommended that you use an engine block mounted
coolant heater to improve cold starting.
•
Maintain engine cooling system.
•
Do not shut engine down after extended idling period. Drive
the vehicle under load for several miles at normal operating
temperatures to burn off any accumulated carbon and
varnish in the exhaust DPF.
•
Consider use of engine block heaters and approved
winter-fronts where conditions warrant.
If operating in arctic temperatures of -20° F (-29° C) or lower,
consult your International® Truck dealer for information
about special cold weather equipment and precautions.
3878859R2
Operation
Engine Idle Shutdown Timer (Optional)
This vehicle may be equipped with an optional Idle Shutdown
Timer that will limit engine idle time to comply with certain state
and local regulations and/or owner/operator preferences. If
the optional Idle Shutdown Timer is enabled, the engine will
shutdown after a pre-programmed time of extended idling. This
will also shut down all electrical loads except for lights. Allowable
idle times may vary from state to state and with owner/operator
preferences. Idle times may also be dependent on vehicle
conditions such as Parking Brake status, PTO (if equipped)
status, transmission status and others.
The vehicle owner or operator is responsible for compliance with
all state and local regulations.
If the vehicle has this system enabled, the yellow
IDLE SHUT DOWN indicator in the instrument panel
gauge cluster will turn on 30 seconds before engine
shutdown. This indication will continue until the
engine shuts down or the system is reset.
Winter Front Usage
Unless extremely cold conditions exist, the use of winter fronts
or other air restrictive devices mounted in front of the radiator is
not recommended on International® ProStar®+ Series vehicles,
3878859R2
which are equipped with engine charge air coolers. Cooling air
flow restriction affects emissions and can cause high exhaust
temperatures, power loss, excessive fan usage, and a reduction
in fuel economy. If you insist on using a winter front, the device
should have a permanent opening above or directly in line with
the fan hub. The opening’s minimum dimension must be at least
120 in2. (774 cm2).
Hot Weather Operation
1. Keep cooling system filled with clean permanent
antifreeze solution to protect against damage by
overheating.
2. Fill fuel tank at end of daily operation to prevent
condensation in tank.
3. Keep external surface of engine, radiator, charge air
cooler, AC condenser, and accessories clean to avoid
dirt build-up.
Excessive coolant temperature could be experienced while
driving in too high of transmission gear ratio, which would lug
the engine. To correct the problem, engine speed should be
increased by down shifting into the next lower gear to increase
engine RPM’s which will increase coolant flow through the
radiator and increase fan speed.
127
Operation
Operating Instructions
Steering
General Information
Be alert to any change (feel) in steering when driving. This
change or feel includes increased steering effort, unusual
sounds when turning, excessive wheel play or pulling to either
side. If any of the above are detected have the vehicle inspected
and repaired at once by a qualified mechanic.
WARNING
All vehicles have blind spots. Make sure your
way is clear in all directions before moving your
vehicle. Failure to follow these procedures could
result in property damage, personal injury, or
death.
WARNING
Operating an engine beyond the maximum
governed speed could result in engine failure
and cause vehicle damage, personal injury, or
death.
128
WARNING
Do not adjust the steering column while
the vehicle is moving. It could suddenly or
unexpectedly move causing the driver to lose
control of vehicle which could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
CAUTION
Do not lubricate the tilt or telescoping steering
mechanism.
3878859R2
Operation
Adjustable Steering Column
•
Using both hands, grab the sides of the steering wheel and
adjust the telescoping feature to the desired position and
then the steering wheel tilt to the desired position.
•
Hold the steering wheel in the newly acquired position with
your right hand and pull THE RELEASE HANDLE backward
towards you, to the locked position, with your left hand.
•
Make certain the steering wheel is in the proper position and
the column is locked.
General Information
1. Steering Wheel
2. Release Handle
If equipped with the optional tilting and telescoping steering
column, the steering wheel can be adjusted as follows:
•
•
Start the vehicle in motion by utilizing the highest gear speed
in the transmission that will enable the engine to easily pull
the load without slipping the clutch. Accelerate smoothly and
evenly to engine rated speed. Rapid acceleration will result
in high fuel consumption.
•
When approaching a hill, depress accelerator smoothly to
start the upgrade at full power, then shift down as needed to
maintain vehicle speed.
•
Prevent over-speeding of the engine when going down
long and steep grades. The governor has no control over
engine speed when it is being pushed by the loaded vehicle.
Operate in a gear that will permit an engine speed below
the Maximum Governed Speed or High-Idle RPM (no load).
Grasp the steering wheel with your right hand and unlock
the release handle with your left hand, by pushing forward
on the release handle.
3878859R2
129
Operation
Battery
Electrical
Alternator
WARNING
CAUTION
Improper usage of fast charger, hook-up of
booster battery or installing battery can cause
damage to the electrical system or to the
alternator.
Many alternators used in International® Truck vehicles are of
the self-energizing type. Some engines may need to be briefly
revved after starting to turn on the alternator. The alternator will
then charge at idle. If the vehicle is to be warmed up prior to
beginning operation, the operator should observe the voltmeter
for charging indication before leaving the vehicle.
Keep lighted tobacco, flames, sparks or other
ignition sources away from the batteries. Gas
from the battery cells is flammable and can
ignite and/or explode. This is particularly true
when jumper cables are being used. Battery
fires or explosions could cause personal injury,
including severe injury to the face, eyes, limbs
and body.
In addition, inhaling the hydrogen gas produced
by the normal operation of the battery could result
in partial or permanent damage to the respiratory
system which may result in death.
WARNING
Whenever disconnecting battery terminals,
always disconnect ground terminal first. When
reconnecting, always connect ground terminal
last. Failure to follow this procedure could result
in a short to ground and cause property damage,
personal injury, or death.
Always wear eye protection when working
around batteries. Do not attempt to jump-start a
vehicle with a frozen battery because the battery
may rupture or explode. If a frozen battery is
suspected, thaw out battery and recharge.
130
3878859R2
Operation
WARNING
DO NOT Check Battery Condition By Shorting
(Flashing) Across Terminals. Failure to follow
this warning could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
of the instrument panel gauge cluster. The green BATTERY ON
indicator will illuminate any time the battery disconnect switch is
in the ON position (batteries connected) regardless of the key
state. This indicator can easily be viewed with the driver door
open and without entering the vehicle.
Circuit Breakers, Fuses and Fusible Links
When working around the terminals and battery, use extra care
to avoid shorting. A good practice is to use insulated pliers and
screwdrivers.
WARNING
Electrical circuits are designed with a particular
wire gauge to meet the fuse and circuit breaker
current rating. Do not increase size of fuse or
circuit breaker or change type of breaker supplied
with your truck. To do so could cause wiring to
overheat and possibly burn, resulting in a fire
which could cause property damage, personal
injury, or death.
BATTERY ON Indicator
1. Left Side of Dash
2. BATTERY ON Indicator
•
Electrical circuits are protected either by the electrical
system controller, circuit breakers, fuses or fusible links.
For the size and location of circuit breakers, fuses and
fusible links, please refer to the Maintenance Intervals and
Specifications section of this manual.
•
Fusible links consist of a length of lighter gauge wire in a
circuit. In case of a short or overload, the fusible link opens
(burns out) to protect the remainder of the circuit. Repair
consists of installing a new fusible link with the same gauge
wire as the opened fusible link.
If the vehicle is equipped with a battery disconnect switch, an
optional BATTERY ON indicator may be located on the left side
3878859R2
131
Operation
•
•
Circuit breakers interrupt the circuit when an overload or
short occurs. Manual circuit breakers (Type III) can be reset
by depressing the reset button on the breaker. Headlamp
and wiper circuits are protected by the Body Controller.
Type II circuit breakers will reset automatically if the short is
removed from the circuit.
The various electrical units in the cab and engine
compartments are protected by either fuses or circuit
breakers. The power distribution center is located within the
instrument panel (glove box area) on the passenger side of
the vehicle.
Electrical Load Control and Shedding (ELCS)
Electrical Load Control and Shedding (ELCS) is an optional
feature (standard with sleepers) intended to provide a convenient
means of automatically shutting down electrical loads overnight
in order to conserve energy and deliver sufficient power to start
the engine. The system is active when the engine is not running,
regardless of key state. The ELCS system does not include
provisions for shutting down 120VAC circuits.
The ELCS will begin a sequence of events when the measured
battery voltage is at or below 12.1VDC for a period of 30
seconds. The sequence of events will first start with providing
the visual alert “Load Shedding” to the vehicle operator for
at least 30 seconds. An audible alert, which consists of a
continuous tone, greater than 3 seconds and less than 6
seconds in duration, will coincide with the start of the visual
alert.
The audible alert can be disabled by a vehicle maintainer if
desired. The sequence will then disable a predefined group
132
of features/electrical loads. These will remain disabled until
the vehicle’s key switch transitions to the Accessory or ON
positions, and the measured voltage is above 12.1VDC.
Engine
The engine for this vehicle is an electronically controlled diesel
engine. A separate ECM (electronic control module) monitors
and controls all engine functions. This ECM also communicates
with the body electrical system which will generate or activate the
necessary warning indicators to alert the driver of out-of-range
operating conditions.
For complete information on the engine in this vehicle and it’s
optional features, refer to the Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual supplied with this vehicle.
NOTE: For information pertaining to fuel and requirements refer
to the Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual provided with
the vehicle.
Charge Air Cooler
All MaxxForce® engines are equipped with a charge air cooling
system. The function of the charge air cooler is to cool the hot
compressed air before it enters the engine’s intake manifold.
This system uses ambient air as the cooling medium by allowing
the intake air to pass through a network of heat exchanging
fins and tubes prior to entering the combustion chamber. The
resulting cooler intake air is denser than uncooled air and will
allow additional fuel to be injected for greater power while helping
to reduce emissions.
3878859R2
Operation
Electronic Engine Controller
To activate the engine brake, press the push button
ENG BRAKE ON/OFF switch on the steering wheel
(pressing this switch again will deactivate the system).
The ENGINE BRAKE SELECTOR 1/2/3 switch is then
used to adjust the amount of braking applied.
Each vehicle contains an Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual in the driver’s door pocket. Refer to the Engine
Operation and Maintenance Manual for detailed information on
these engine control systems.
Engine Brake
WARNING
Do not use the engine brake on slippery road
surfaces. Doing so may cause wheel slippage
and/or loss of vehicle control, which could result
in property damage, personal injury, or death.
NOTE: The engine brake should never be considered a
substitute for the vehicle service brakes. The service brakes
should always be viewed as the primary vehicle braking system.
The engine brake cannot bring the vehicle to a complete stop.
Only the service brakes can bring the vehicle to a complete stop.
All of the optional braking features are controlled by the driver,
using the ENGINE BRAKE ON/OFF switch on the steering
wheel and the ENGINE BRAKE 1/2/3 power level selector
switch located in the Center Control Switch Panel.
3878859R2
Using engine braking features can extend brake lining life. The
features also allow the driver to slow the vehicle down or maintain
a constant speed on steep road grades that would otherwise
result in prolonged use of the service brake that could cause
brake fade. Refer to the Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual for detailed information on the engine braking system.
MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15 Engine Brake With Eaton
AutoShift®/UltraShift® Transmissions Special Driver
Instructions
Low or manual transmission mode can be used to maximize
engine brake performance.
•
Keep engine speed as close to 2250 rpm as possible.
•
Maintain brake pedal application until any desired downshifts
are completed. Failure to do so may cause missed shifts.
•
The gear display on the shift selector will stop blinking
when the downshift is completed, and the driver will notice
resumption of engine braking as an indication that the shift
is completed.
When the transmission is in manual mode, engine protection
upshifts are disabled. This could result in an undesirable engine
overspeed condition. It is the operator’s responsibility to prevent
133
Operation
mechanical damage to the truck. Under these conditions, use
service brakes and select the appropriate gear, as required, to
keep the engine rpm within operating limits.
MaxxForce® Engine Features
The MaxxForce® engines are electronically controlled diesel
engines. The engine Electronic Control Module (ECM) monitors
and controls the injection process and other engine functions.
The ECM also communicates with the Body Controller (BC)
and alerts it to out-of-range operating conditions. The BC
in turn, generates engine function indicators and warning
indicators. Since many of the engine performance features are
owner selectable and electronically programmable, some of the
operating parameters will vary from vehicle to vehicle. Some
of these standard and optional monitored engine operating
functions and warning indicators include:
•
Engine Shutdown System - this system shuts down
the engine after 30 seconds of operation beyond critical
threshold values for coolant temperature and/or oil pressure.
•
Throttle Control for PTO Operation.
•
Road Speed Limiting/Governor - programmable maximum
speed.
•
Idle Shutdown Timer - shuts down engine after 5 minutes of
idle time.
Certified Clean Idle
MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15 engines have been designed to meet
the new California Air Resources Board (CARB) idle reduction
standards by generating less than 30-g/hr. NOx emissions when
idling. These engines can be identified by the Certified Clean
Idle decal located on the left side of the hood or driver door.
Some standard features:
•
Engine Warm-Up Control - (ECM) adjust injector operation
as required.
•
Cold Ambient Protection (CAP) - to aid engine warm up and
maintain engine temperature.
•
Cruise Control - provides vehicle speed control.
Some Optional Features:
•
134
Engine Warning System - this system illuminates the Red
“Engine” indicator and actuates a beeper when warning
thresholds for coolant temperature, engine coolant level,
and/or low engine oil pressure are exceeded.
Self Diagnostics
All MaxxForce® engine operating parameter Warning Indicators
are located on the instrument panel gauge cluster. When the
ignition switch is turned ON, the Engine Warning Indicators are
illuminated and remain on while the ECM runs normal start-up
tests, then goes OFF. If warning indicator stays on or comes on
while operating the vehicle, it is an indication that the vehicle
needs service. When the warning indicator is illuminated, a
Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) will be generated. Take the
vehicle to a service center as soon as possible as some optional
features and or engine power may be lost while the indicator is
lit.
3878859R2
Operation
Air Compressor Cycling
The MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15 liter engines can be equipped
with one of two different types of air compressor and may have
one or two cylinders.
•
•
Head Unloaded Air Compressor: This single cylinder,
constantly engaged air compressor works in conjunction
with the air governor and air dryer to pump compressed air
to the air dryer and air tanks. When additional compressed
air is not needed air is shut off from the air compressor
discharge line and confined to the air compressor cylinder
and its head.
Clutched Air Compressor: This high-capacity, two
cylinder, air compressor is periodically engaged by using
an on-off clutch. It works in conjunction with air governor
and air dryer to pump air to the air dryer and air tanks.
When additional compressed air is not needed, the clutch
is disengaged, compressor speed goes to zero, and all
air pumping ceases. This system provides relatively low
cylinder temperatures and sound verses other compressors
during the unloaded cycle. It is used to promote maximum
fuel economy by eliminating pumping energy loss during
the unloaded cycle.
As the compressor reaches approximately 130 psi (896 kPa),
the air governor will, through various methods, stop the air
compressor from pumping pressurized air to the air system.
When the air pressure reaches approximately 110 psi (758
kPa), the governor signals the air compressor to resume
pumping pressurized air to the air system. During normal
3878859R2
engine operation, this cycle will be evident by the fluctuation of
the primary air tank pressure gauge.
Cooling System
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death from
hot coolant or steam, use only the following
procedure to remove the pressure cap from the
radiator or expansion tank. Allow the engine to
cool first. Wrap a thick, heavy cloth around the
cap. Unscrew the cap slowly to allow pressure
to release from under the cap. After the pressure
has been released, the pressure cap may be
removed.
WARNING
Exercise great care when working on vehicles
with running engines that are equipped with
an automatic fan clutch.
The fan engages
when engine coolant reaches a predetermined
temperature or the refrigerant pressure (if
equipped with air conditioning) reaches a
predetermined setting. The fan will start with
no advance warning. Failure to observe these
precautions could result in vehicle damage,
personal injury or death.
135
Operation
CAUTION
If the coolant should get extremely low and
the engine very hot, let the engine cool for
approximately 15 minutes before adding coolant;
then, with the engine running, add coolant slowly.
Adding cold coolant to a hot engine may crack
the cylinder head or crankcase. Never use water
alone.
The cooling system in vehicles with MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15
engines, is filled at the factory with Nitrite-free Shell Rotella®
Ultra ELC (Yellow) coolant. International Truck recommends
using only the approved coolant with the 2010 cooling packages,
and will not warrant these cooling systems that have not utilized
the recommended coolant.
The label on the deaeration tank provides additional
coolant/antifreeze information. Consult the Engine Operation
and Maintenance Manual for coolant service life details.
Engine Oil
When checking the oil level, the dipstick must be withdrawn and
wiped clean, then inserted all the way and again withdrawn for a
true check.
Use only recommended viscosity engine oil. Refer to the Engine
Operation and Maintenance Manual for engine oil specifications.
The lubricating oil in a diesel engine becomes dark in color
after short periods of engine operation. This discoloration is not
harmful to engine parts as long as the oil and oil filter element
changes are performed at recommended intervals.
All International® ProStar®+ Series vehicles must use CJ-4
or later oil classifications to achieve maximum DPF cleaning
intervals.
Refer to the appropriate Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual for proper oil viscosity choice.
Engine Performance Problems
•
Low engine power can be the result of a plugged fuel filter.
Fuel filters can plug prematurely due to the use of fuel that
is contaminated with a high amount of sediment, microbial
growth, or water. Fuel that has been stored for longer
periods of time may also reduce engine performance.
•
Failure to maintain the vehicle as required in the
Maintenance Instructions and Maintenance Intervals
and Specifications sections of this manual, as well as any
separately available Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual, can cause engine performance problems.
Keep oil level between the ADD and Full marks. Never operate
an engine with oil level below the ADD mark.
To obtain an accurate engine oil level reading the vehicle must
be parked on a level surface with the engine off for at least five
minutes before checking the oil level. This will ensure the oil
is level in the oil pan, and the circulated oil has had a chance to
return to the pan. It is not necessary for the oil to be hot to obtain
an accurate reading.
Too low of cetane number could cause hard starting and
slower warmup and could increase engine noise and exhaust
emissions.
136
3878859R2
Operation
space, which will pose an extreme fire/explosion hazard during
refueling or engine operation.
Fuel
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Requirements
Additional Unsafe Practices
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) fuel is required for all on-highway
diesel engines used with advanced after-treatment systems
(Diesel Particulate Filters – DPF). For complete details on fuel
requirements, see the Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual supplied with the vehicle.
CAUTION
To prevent engine damage, do not mix propane
with diesel fuel. Warranty claims will not be
honored against engines that have used propane.
Unacceptable Fuel Blends
CAUTION
Biodiesel blends having more than 5 percent pure biodiesel are
not within ASTM D975 diesel specifications.
To determine acceptable biodiesel and biodiesel blends, refer to
the Engine Operator and Maintenance Manual for the applicable
engine.
To prevent engine damage, do not mix engine
oil with diesel fuel. Warranty claims will not be
honored against engines that have used fuel
mixed with oil.
Fuel and Lubricant Additives
Hazards of Diesel Fuel/Gasoline Blends
WARNING
Never add gasoline, gasohol and/or alcohol to
diesel fuel. This mixture creates an extreme
fire and explosion hazard which could result in
property damage, personal injury, or death.
Blending of gasoline and/or alcohol with diesel fuel is not
recommended due to the hazards of fire/explosion and the
detrimental effects on engine performance.
As little as two percent volume gasoline mixed with diesel fuel
will create a flammable/explosive mixture in the fuel tank vapor
3878859R2
International trucks are designed and built to operate
satisfactorily on fuels and lubricants of good quality marketed
by the petroleum industry. Use of any supplementary fuel or
lubricant additives is not recommended. Malfunctions attributed
to the use of such additives or failure to follow recommended
fuel or lubricant recommendations may not be covered by any
applicable warranty.
Fueling Procedures
NOTE: If your vehicle is equipped with dual fuel tanks, be sure
to read and understand the following information before refueling
the vehicle.
137
Operation
Dual tank systems are equipped with dual draw and dual return
fuel line systems to equalize the fuel temperature and level
between the dual tanks.
When refueling, be sure that both tanks are filled completely, as
both tanks cannot be filled from one side.
Fueling Precautions
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations require the driver
or any employee of a motor carrier to observe the following
requirements:
1. Do not fuel a motor vehicle with the engine running,
except when it is necessary to run the engine to fuel the
vehicle.
138
2. Do not smoke or expose any open flame in the vicinity
of a vehicle being fueled.
3. Do not fuel a motor vehicle unless the nozzle of the fuel
hose is continuously in contact with the intake pipe of
the fuel tank.
4. Do not permit any other person to engage in such
activities as would be likely to result in fire or explosion.
Reserve Fuel
No extra supply of fuel for the propulsion of the vehicle or for the
operation of accessories shall be carried on any motor vehicle,
except in a properly mounted fuel tank or tanks.
3878859R2
Operation
Exhaust Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration
This vehicle is equipped with a Diesel Particulate Filter
(DPF) to meet 2010 emissions requirements. The DPF traps
exhaust particulate matter generated by normal engine usage.
Periodically, the engine control system will perform a “cleaning”
of the filter, known as Normal Regeneration. This process is
transparent to the operator and occurs during normal vehicle
operation.
In some cases the engine control system is unable to manage
soot levels in the DPF through Normal Regeneration. When
this occurs the DPF indicator will illuminate solid YELLOW on
the instrument panel gauge cluster advising that action must be
taken. At this time the vehicle should then be driven at highway
speeds, or pulled over to perform a Parked Regeneration (See
Parked Regeneration Procedure). If no action is taken the
DPF indicator will begin to flash indicating that the filter is full.
The vehicle should then be pulled safely off the roadway and
a Parked Regeneration should be performed. If the vehicle is
driven beyond the initial two warning stages, a loss of engine
performance (de-rate) will occur. Ignoring the need for a
Parked Regeneration, when required, can result in a warning for
excessive exhaust temperatures, and a requirement to shut the
engine off and not restart it until the DPF has been serviced by
a technician. It is important to perform a Parked Regeneration
when required. Failure to do so could be mission disabling and
result in the vehicle being towed.
See the following information for a detailed explanation of DPF
indicators and the corresponding procedures that must be
followed.
3878859R2
WARNING
Failure to perform a Parked Regeneration when
exhaust filter indicator is ON will cause the engine
to lose power and eventually shutdown.
When performing Parked Regeneration, make
certain vehicle is safely off of the roadway
and exhaust pipe is away from people, or any
flammable materials or structures.
Failure to follow these instructions may result in
a loss of engine power, vehicle speed, increased
exhaust temperatures, and may cause an
accident or fire resulting in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
There will be three levels of indication that the vehicle’s exhaust
filter is accumulating soot and needs to be cleaned, each with
an increasing urgency for action.
NOTE: A Level 1 indication may disappear or a Level 2 may
revert to a Level 1, if the vehicle is driven on highway at
highway speeds for an extended period. This process of auto
regeneration of the exhaust filter is activated when the engine
load is increased as a result of highway driving at highway
speeds. If the DPF indicator does not reduce in level or
disappear, a Parked Regeneration must be performed.
NOTE: The following table is a typical representation of 2010
DPF emissions procedures (See visor for vehicle federal
emissions label).
139
Operation
2010 Federal Emissions Label
Level
Indication
1
Audible Alarm
None
Exhaust filter
regeneration required.
None
Scrolls between
See Visor for info
and Parked Regen
Required.
Exhaust filter is full.
An alarm will beep
continuously while
ignition is on.
Scrolls between
See Visor for info
and Parked Regen
Required.
Exhaust filter is full.
Engine performance is
LIMITED.
(Flashing)
3
(Flashing)
Vehicle
Conditions/Operation
Scrolls between
See Visor for info
and Parked Regen
Required.
(Solid)
2
LCD Text Message
Action Required
Drive on highway at highway speeds or start Parked
Regeneration to prevent loss of power.
Pull vehicle safely off roadway and start Parked
Regeneration to prevent loss of engine power.
WARNING
Pull vehicle safely off roadway and
start Parked Regeneration to prevent
engine stopping.
Exhaust System Temperature is HOT
WARNING
Exhaust components are operating under normal conditions and exhaust gases are at extremely high temperatures.
When stationary, keep away from people and flammable materials, vapors, or structures or STOP ENGINE
A serious problem has occurred. Engine may SHUTDOWN soon. Pull vehicle safely of roadway, turn on flashers, set parking brake, place
warning devices, and STOP ENGINE. Seek service immediately.
140
3878859R2
Operation
Parked Regeneration Procedure
Perform the following steps to initiate Parked Regeneration
(cleaning) of the exhaust filter:
1. Park the vehicle safely off the roadway and away from
flammable materials.
2. Before initiating parked regeneration (using the ON/PARKD
REGEN switch), the following conditions must be in place:
a. Parking brake must be set
b.
DPF indicator illuminated (Solid or Flashing).
c.
Transmission must be in Neutral (N) or Park (P), if
available
d. Accelerator, foot brake and clutch (if present) pedals
must not be depressed,
e.
Engine temperature must be at a sufficient level to allow
regeneration.
With some engines, this may be as high as 76.6° C (170°
F).
NOTE: The engine coolant temperature must be above 76.6°
C (170° F) before the parked regeneration procedure can be
performed. If the engine coolant temperature is too low, the
parked regeneration procedure will not activate.
3. Press the ON position of the ON/PARKD REGEN switch to
initiate the regeneration cycle.
The engine speed will automatically ramp up to a preset
RPM, PARKD REGEN ACTIVE will be displayed in the
3878859R2
information display, and the switch indicator will illuminate
when the cycle is started. If the indicator is blinking, check
to be sure that all conditions in step 2 have been met. Once
started, the regeneration cycle will last approximately 30
minutes.
NOTE: If any of the above conditions are altered during the
Parked Regeneration process, regeneration will be halted, and
must be restarted.
4. When the regeneration cycle is complete, the
switch indicator will go off, the engine rpm will
return to normal idle and all exhaust filter warning
indicators will be off. The vehicle may now be
driven normally.
NOTE: In the event of an emergency situation where the vehicle
must be moved after beginning Parked Regeneration, press
PARKD REGEN position of the ON/PARKD REGEN switch to
cancel Parked Regeneration.
Regeneration Inhibit Switch
The optional Regeneration Inhibit switch is used
to prevent the normal regeneration or parked
regeneration processes.
NOTE: There are two versions of the regeneration
inhibit switch: the two-position and the three-position
switch. Therefore, it’s necessary to verify which version is
installed in this vehicle. Both versions have the same switch
labels.
141
Operation
Two-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch
With the optional two-position switch, pressing the ON position
of the ON/INHIBT REGEN switch will inhibit both normal and
parked regeneration. Regeneration will be inhibited (latched)
when in this position and the switch indicator is turned on.
Three-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch
The optional three-position switch is a center stable momentary
switch. Pressing the ON position inhibits normal regeneration
while the engine is running and is reset when the ignition switch
is turned off. The Inhibit function is cancelled when the lower
position is pressed, or parked regeneration is initiated (PARKD
REGEN switch is turned to the ON position).
The switch indicator will be turned on whenever regeneration
inhibit is enabled.
Almost every early clutch failure can be traced to excessive
friction heat. Do not ride or slip the clutch. Once a clutch is
fully engaged, there is no heat generated and little or no wear.
However, during the brief period when the clutch is picking up
the load, considerable heat is generated. By riding or slipping
the clutch, the period of partial engagement is lengthened,
causing unnecessary heat and wear and reduced clutch life.
The International® ProStar®+ Series has many transmission
options available.
Refer to the Transmission Manual for
information on the transmission available in your truck.
1. High
Range
2. Low
Range
Transmission
Manual Transmissions
Vehicles with a manual or AutoShift transmissions have a clutch
pedal that is used to engage or disengage the clutch, connecting
or disconnecting the engine from the transmission and rear
wheels. With the clutch pedal released (extended) the clutch is
engaged, driving the transmission and rear wheels. Depressing
the clutch pedal releases the clutch, permitting transmission
gear changes.
Clutches will last many thousands of miles if properly used and
maintained. EXCESS HEAT IS A CLUTCH’S WORST ENEMY!
142
10-Speed Manual Transmission (standard): The gear shift
lever mechanically engages and disengages five forward gears
and one reverse gear in the transmission front section. The
range lever on the Roadranger Valve allows the operator to
control an air shifted auxiliary section to provide a LO range and
HI range. The five forward gear shift positions selected in LO
range are used again in HI range to provide the 10 progressive
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Operation
8. After your shifting ability improves, you may want to
skip some of the ratios. This may be done only when
operating conditions permit, depending on the load,
grade, and road speed. Transmissions with a greater
number of speeds are optionally available. They may
include the use of a splitter selector switch in addition
to the range selector switch.
forward gear ratios. Once the highest shift lever position (5th
gear) is obtained in LO range, the operator preselects the range
shift lever for HI range. The range shift occurs automatically as
the shift lever is moved from 5th gear position to the 6th gear
position.
1. When operating off-highway, or under adverse
conditions, always use the lowest gear when starting to
move the vehicle.
2. For all normal conditions, use the highest gear that is
still low enough to start the vehicle moving with engine
idling, and without slipping the clutch excessively.
Engaging the Clutch
•
Always start in the proper gear: An empty vehicle can
be started in a higher gear than a fully loaded one. But
starting in a gear too high for the load can cause too much
clutch slippage, generating excessive heat and unnecessary
wear. A gear that will start the vehicle moving with the
engine at idle speed is usually correct. If the engine must
be revved up to prevent stalling, the gear selection is too
high. As the clutch pedal is released and the clutch begins
to engage, the engine speed will drop slightly. When this
happens, fully engage the clutch and increase the engine
speed. Increasing the engine speed before fully engaging
the clutch can damage the clutch and drivetrain.
•
Do not upshift until the engine has reached proper
speed. Upshifting before the vehicle has reached the right
speed will lug the engine.
•
When approaching a hill, depress accelerator smoothly to
start the upgrade at full power, then downshift as needed to
maintain vehicle speed.
3. Use the clutch brake to stop gear rotation when shifting
into low (or 1st) or reverse when the vehicle is stationary.
The clutch brake is actuated by depressing the clutch
pedal all the way to the floor.
4. Do not make range shifts with the vehicle moving in
reverse gear.
5. Never attempt to move the range preselection lever with
the gear shift lever in neutral while the vehicle is moving.
Preselection with the range preselection lever must be
made prior to moving the shift lever out of gear into
neutral.
6. Do not shift from high range to low range at high vehicle
speeds.
7. Double-clutch between all upshifts and downshifts.
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143
Operation
•
Never hold a vehicle on a hill with the clutch. To hold
on a hill with the clutch requires that the clutch be purposely
slipped. By doing this enough heat can be generated to burn
up the clutch.
3. The driver should not try to slip the ceramic clutch
by raising engine RPM’s and riding or feathering
clutch pedal since the vehicle will experience erratic
engagement.
•
Never coast with the clutch disengaged. This can
cause clutch failure by the very high RPM encountered
when coasting in gear with the clutch released. In this
situation, the rear wheels are driving the disc through the
multiplication of the rear axle and transmission ratios. This
can result in over 10,000 RPM, which is beyond the burst
strength of the facing material. Something as simple as
coasting down an unloading ramp can burst a driven disc.
Erratic engagement can cause engine stalling and potential
serious damage to your vehicle’s drivetrain components (i.e.,
clutch, transmission, driveshaft(s), rear axle).
Re-engaging a clutch after coasting causes tremendous
shock to the clutch and the whole drivetrain. It can result in
internal engine damage and/or clutch and flywheel failure.
Always report unusual clutch operation promptly. Proper
maintenance, performed on time, will greatly extend the life
of the clutch. The driver should report any change in free
pedal (free travel) slippage or any strange feel to the clutch
operation.
Helpful Hints to Operate Vehicles with Ceramic Clutch
Facings
1. Driver must start vehicle in first (low) gear.
2. While operating a ceramic clutch the driver has to
engage the clutch before giving the engine any fuel (at
idle).
Hydraulic Clutch Actuation System
Clutch brake engagement occurs in the last 2 inches (50 mm)
of pedal travel after initial clutch setup adjustment. Clutch wear
will move the pedal position at clutch brake engagement toward
the physical limit of travel. The hydraulic clutch system must
have proper fluid bleeding before operating, usually performed
at the factory, or at field servicing. Hydraulic clutch fluid should
be drained and refilled every 2 years of service or after 200,000
miles (322,000 km) service interval.
CAUTION
To prevent vehicle or engine component damage,
clutch pedal must engage clutch brake before the
physical limit of pedal travel. When the clutch
pedal position at clutch brake engagement is less
than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) from the physical travel
limit, manual clutch adjustment is required for all
Eaton® Easy Pedal® (EP) clutches.
If non-self adjusting clutches are used in this application, it is
important that clutch adjustments be maintained. Adjustment
intervals should be every 20,000 miles (32,000 km). When
utilizing an Eaton® EP clutch with a hydraulic clutch actuator,
144
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Operation
the cab clutch pedal cannot be used to indicate when clutch
adjustment is required. Drivers may not notice the need for
clutch adjustment and continue to drive in such condition. Lack
of adjustment will eventually lead to yoke interference with
the clutch cover causing extensive clutch and or transmission
damage.
When using the clutch brake, fully depress the clutch pedal
and shift the transmission into either first or reverse gear. If the
transmission does not go into first gear or reverse, toothbutting
may be occurring. Slowly release the clutch pedal while applying
light pressure on the shift lever until the transmission goes into
gear. This will provide for a smooth shift into either a forward or
reverse gear.
NOTE: After engagement of first gear, DO NOT use the clutch
brake for upshifting and downshifting. To do so will shorten the
service life of the clutch brake, and gear selection shift efforts
may be increased. Clutch brake application occurs in the last 2
inches (50 mm) of pedal travel.
Double Clutch Procedures
In order to properly upshift or downshift, be sure to do the
following:
•
•
Shift the transmission into neutral.
•
Release the clutch pedal.
•
If upshifting, wait until the engine speed matches the
transmission speed of the gear you desire to shift into.
•
If downshifting, accelerate the engine until the engine speed
matches the input speed of the gear you desire to shift into.
•
Depress the clutch pedal immediately and shift into the
desired gear.
•
Release the clutch pedal to engage the clutch.
Clutch Precautions
Maintain specified clutch adjustment. Regularly inspect clutch
control linkage for tightness.
When adjustment of the clutch is necessary, it is extremely
important that the work be properly performed; otherwise, early
failure of the clutch will result and a costly clutch overhaul will
be necessary.
To avoid needless delay and expense, allow only competent and
experienced mechanics to perform these operations.
Depress the clutch pedal to disengage the clutch.
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145
Operation
Eaton AutoShift® Transmissions (Optional)
WARNING
To prevent unexpected vehicle movement, hold
the brake pedal down while you move the
gearshift from position to position. Hold down
both brake and clutch pedal while pushing the
“R” and “D” button. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly
and cause property damage, personal injury, or
death.
The optional Eaton AutoShift® transmission is a partially
automatic transmission that automatically selects and engages
the proper transmission gears. Vehicles are equipped with a
clutch pedal that must be used when starting and stopping the
vehicle.
To shift the Eaton transmission into Reverse (R) or Drive (D),
first place foot on the brake and clutch pedal. When in Drive
(D), the transmission selects the starting gear and automatically
selects the proper gears for operating loads. If low (L) is
selected while the vehicle is stopped, the transmission will
remain in low gear until another gear is selected. If selected
while in motion, the transmission will downshift when it is safe
to do so. To place the transmission in neutral, press the (N)
button. Manual mode should be used whenever the driver wants
to select the shifts instead of letting AutoShift® transmission
select them automatically. For operating instructions refer to the
Transmission Manual.
The current gear selection and other information is also
displayed on the instrument panel gauge cluster display.
146
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Operation
Automated Manual Transmission Controls
UPSHIFT
The UPSHIFT mode is used in the MANUAL mode to select upshifts.
DOWNSHIFT
The DOWNSHIFT mode is used in the MANUAL mode to select downshifts.
MANUAL
Allows the driver to hold current gear and manually select the appropriate gear for road
conditions using the upshift/downshift buttons. Manual mode should be used whenever the
driver wants to select the shifts instead of letting Autoshift™ select them automatically.
GEAR DISPLAY
The GEAR DISPLAY shows the current gear position of the transmission. The GEAR
DISPLAY will flash the target gear position of the transmission when in neutral during a shift.
REVERSE
Selects Reverse gear once vehicle speed is less than 2 mph (3 km/h).
NEUTRAL
Places the transmission in neutral.
DRIVE
Selects the default starting gear and automatically selects gears between the starting
gear and top gear.
LOW
When Low mode is selected, the transmission downshifts at the earliest opportunity for
maximum engine braking.
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147
Operation
Eaton UltraShift® Transmissions (Optional)
Rear Axles
The optional Eaton UltraShift® transmission is an automatic
transmission that can automatically select and engage the
proper transmission gears.
Vehicles equipped with this
transmission do not have a clutch pedal.
For operating
instructions refer to the Transmission Manual.
Locking or Limited Slip Differentials
Clutch Brake
NOTE: After engagement of first gear DO NOT use the clutch
brake for upshifting and downshifting. To do so will shorten the
service life of the clutch brake and gear selection shift efforts
may be increased.
A clutch brake is used to stop transmission input shaft rotation so
that the initial first or reverse gear selection can be accomplished
when the vehicle is at a standstill and the engine is running at
idle speed.
When using the clutch brake, fully depress the clutch pedal
and shift the transmission into either first or reverse gear. If
the transmission does not go into first gear or reverse, tooth
butting may be occurring. Slowly release the clutch pedal while
applying light pressure on the shift lever until the transmission
goes into gear. This will provide for a smooth shift into either
first or reverse gear.
Power Take-off Control
WARNING
To prevent vehicle damage, personal injury, or
death, pay strict attention to the following:
If your vehicle is equipped with any type of
locking or limited slip differential, power will be
transmitted to the opposite wheel should one of
the wheels slip. Both wheels must be raised free
of the ground should it be necessary to operate
one wheel with the vehicle stationary; otherwise
the wheel that is not raised will pull the vehicle
off its support, possibly resulting in personal
injury or death.
WARNING
To prevent vehicle damage, personal injury, or
death, pay strict attention to the following:
Care should be taken to prevent sudden
accelerations when both drive wheels are on
a slippery surface. This could cause both drive
wheels to spin, and allow the vehicle to slide
sideways, resulting in loss of vehicle control.
If your vehicle is equipped with a power take-off (PTO), refer to
the PTO equipment manufacturer’s instructions.
148
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Operation
CAUTION
letting off the accelerator will engage the differential lock. A
warning indicator on the instrument panel indicates when the
inter-axle differential is locked.
Do not operate the vehicle with the PDL engaged
on dry pavement (good traction) continuously.
This will result in excessive tire wear and
premature axle wear.
When highway conditions improve (good traction), the PDL
should be disengaged, again at a low, even speed. Letting
up on the accelerator momentarily will unlock the inter-axle
differential.
Tandem Axle Power Divider Lock (PDL) Control
Never engage the PDL when the wheels are
spinning.
The PDL should be engaged, which prevents inter-axle
differential action, when backing under a trailer with a tractor,
starting on a slippery surface (poor traction), operating off
highway in mud, etc. (poor traction), or when traveling on
slippery highways (poor traction). Failure to lock the power
divider under these conditions may result in power divider
failures and costly repairs.
If you encounter wheel spin
conditions, the PDL switch should be moved to the LOCK
position.
CAUTION
Engage the PDL only when stopped or moving at
low speed. Never try to engage the PDL while the
wheels are spinning as this may result in shock
damage to the power divider components.
Tandem axle power dividers or inter-axle differentials
in the forward rear axle are controlled by the dash
mounted Power Divider Lock (PDL LOCK) switch.
The switch indicator will turn on when the PDL is
engaged (locked). The vehicle may be electronically
programmed to provide an alarm when a speed is
reached where it is not appropriate to have the power
divider locked. In this event, an alarm will sound (5 beeps) and
the switch indicator will flash slowly (once per second). A fast
flashing (twice per second) switch indicator signifies a problem
in the PDL system.
Under normal highway conditions (good traction), the PDL
should be disengaged, which allows differential action between
the forward rear axle and the back rear axle preventing inter-axle
differential wear due to unequally worn or mismatched tires, etc.
When encountering slippery highway conditions (poor traction),
the PDL can be engaged at a low, even speed. Momentarily
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149
Operation
Driver Controlled Differential Lock
The Differential Lock feature locks together the axle’s
left and right axle shafts for improved traction on
reduced traction surfaces.
Some vehicles are equipped with this optional driver
controlled differential lock feature (DIFF LOCK). The air
actuated traction device can be manually shifted from
the vehicle cab. By actuating a switch, mounted on
the instrument panel, the driver can lock or unlock the rear axle
differential(s) when the vehicle is moving or stopped.
Other vehicles with tandem rear axles
(6X4) are equipped with two optional driver
controlled differential lock features (DIFF FR
AXLE/LOCK and DIFF RR AXLE/LOCK).
The air actuated traction devices can be
manually shifted from the vehicle cab. By
actuating the switches, mounted on the
instrument panel, the driver can independently lock or unlock
the forward-rear and/or rear-rear axle differentials when the
vehicle is moving or stopped.
When the differential is fully locked, the vehicle will have a slight
“under-steer” condition. This will increase the turning radius of
the vehicle.
On vehicles with multiple drive axles, the differential lock can be
used in conjunction with the Power Divider Lock (PDL) to achieve
maximum available traction in adverse road surface conditions.
must be limited to low vehicle speeds, under 25 mph (40 km/h).
Also, to maintain vehicle stability, the differential must not be
locked when the vehicle is traveling down steep grades and
traction is minimal. DIFF LOCK will automatically disengage
when vehicle speeds exceed approximately 25 mph (40 km/h).
Do not engage the locking differential when the tires are
spinning.
The vehicle may need to be decelerated or turned once or twice
for the differential lock to fully disengage.
Rear Suspension
Rear Air Ride Suspension
CAUTION
The vehicle must not be operated on the road
without air in the suspension air bags. Failure
to observe this will result in ride degradation and
suspension damage.
Rear Air Ride Suspensions automatically adjust to different loads
to maintain constant frame height. The system maintains vehicle
ride quality and driver comfort.
Rear Air Suspension Air Dump
This feature also allows the rear of the vehicle to lower several
inches for trailer attachment/detachment.
To limit stress on the axle and tires during vehicle turning
maneuvers and improve stability, the use of the differential lock
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3878859R2
Operation
The system is controlled by the two position
SUSP/DUMP switch with an indicator light in the
DUMP position. This switch controls solenoids, which
direct air to the suspension dump and height valve.
When the SUSP/DUMP switch is in the DUMP position
and the vehicle speed is below 5 mph (8 km/h), air
supplied to the rear air suspension is released,
lowering the frame for loading.
NOTE: The electrical system will automatically switch from
DUMP to SUSP if the vehicle speed exceeds 5 mph (8 km/h).
Once this occurs, the only means to deflate the suspension will
be to slow the vehicle to 5 mph, and recycle the SUSP/DUMP
switch to the DUMP position.
Air Suspension System Faults
•
The instrument panel gauge cluster will issue an audible 10
beep alarm whenever the driver pushes the DUMP position
of the SUSP/DUMP switch, and the vehicle exceeds 5 mph
(8 km/h).
•
The SUSP/DUMP switch indicator will blink rapidly in the
event of a system component failure or a bad system signal
status, when the SUSP/DUMP switch is in the DUMP
position.
•
The SUSP/DUMP switch indicator will blink slowly in the
event of an ESC command fault, regardless of the position
of the SUSP/DUMP switch.
Placing the switch in the SUSP position causes air to fill or remain
in the air suspension for proper operating ride height.
The SUSP/DUMP switch will operate the IROS system only
if the ignition switch is in either ACC or ON positions and the
air tanks have sufficient pressure to fill the suspension. When
the ignition switch is turned off, power to the solenoid will be
removed, therefore, the suspension will remain in the state last
set by the SUSP/DUMP switch.
NOTE: The suspension will dump when the ignition switch is in
the either ACC or ON position, but will only fill when the ignition
switch is in the ON position.
NOTE: The SUSP/DUMP switch functions will be inhibited
by either a Traction Control or ABS event. In either event for
either SUSP or DUMP operation, the ASD switch will have to
be manually recycled after the event has passed in order to
complete the operation.
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Brakes
General Information
WARNING
Always check and maintain brakes in proper
condition and adjustment. Out of adjustment
brakes could cause reduced braking ability and
result in property damage, personal injury, or
death.
151
Operation
Downhill Operation
•
The common rule to follow in using the engine and
transmission/rear axle to control vehicle speed is to select
a lower gear going down the hill than would be required to
ascend the hill. There are some exceptions, such as going
down a short hill with good visibility and no hazards.
•
The service brakes should be used to supplement available
vehicle retardation methods. When descending long grades
requiring use of the brakes, short applications (three to
five seconds duration) should be made rather than long,
continuous applications. This minimizes temperature rise,
brake fade and air consumption of air brake system.
WARNING
Do not attempt to gear down if the engine is
at or near maximum speed (RPM). Under these
conditions it will be impossible to shift into a
lower gear and could result in possible vehicle
runaway, resulting in property damage, personal
injury, or death.
Always descend hills with extreme care, relying primarily on the
engine braking effect to control vehicle speed. Heed warning
signs posted for any grade. Stop and check brakes for condition
and adjustment at available pull off areas before starting a
descent.
Observe the following precautions:
•
•
152
Never coast downhill. Service brakes alone should not be
used to control speed on major downgrades. Brakes will
fade from overuse.
Downhill speed is controlled by removing one’s foot from the
accelerator pedal (engine running with closed throttle) and
putting the transmission/rear axle in reduced gear. If the
transmission/rear axle is in a gear that results in more than
the appropriate speed, a proper downshift should be made
to avoid overuse of the brakes. If the proper gear selection
was not made and the brakes were overused, then stop the
vehicle and wait for the brakes to cool. After the brakes have
cooled, continue down grade in a lower gear range.
Air Brakes
General Information
WARNING
Stopping distance may increase under the failed
condition since only one section of the brake
system is operating. Reduce speed and employ
safe driving practices.
Have brake system
repaired immediately. Loss of braking capability
could cause an accident and result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
The truck types covered in this manual are equipped with a split
brake system.
The purpose of this split system is to provide a means of
stopping the vehicle should a failure occur in either the primary
or secondary brake system. In the event air pressure loss
3878859R2
Operation
occurs in one system, the remaining system continues to
provide braking action.
is sufficient (approximately 55 to 76 psi [379 to 524 kPa]) to
operate the vehicle.
When a failure is detected the air dryer is provided with a limp
home feature to allow the vehicle to be driven to a service center.
Should the red indicator and beeper not shut off soon after
start-up, the air pressure gauge/gauges should also indicate at
least one section of the split system has low air pressure. If the
red indicator, beeper and gauge indicate a loss of pressure while
driving, the vehicle still has a portion of the braking capability,
because one-half of the split system braking capability is
retained. However, the distance required to stop the vehicle will
be increased.
If vehicle has been parked for an extended period in cold
weather, always check to be sure all wheels are rolling free
(brakes are not frozen) when starting out. Always clean
accumulated ice and snow from brake linkage.
Air Gauge, Low Air Pressure Beeper and Warning Indicator
Reservoir Moisture Draining
WARNING
To prevent loss of vehicle braking or control
resulting in property damage, personal injury, or
death, never operate the vehicle when insufficient
air pressure (less than 60 psi [414 kPa]) is
indicated for either the primary or secondary air
system. The volume of air required to stop the
vehicle may be greater than that available. Have
the brake system checked and repaired before
returning the vehicle to service.
Should air pressure in either section of the split air brake
system be reduced to 60 to 76 psi (414 to 524 kPa) the warning
beeper will sound and the red BRAKE PRESSURE warning
indicator, on the instrument panel, will glow. Also, the air
gauge/gauges will indicate low air pressure in at least one of the
independent systems. The warning beeper and red indicator
will automatically shut off when the air pressure in both systems
3878859R2
The Bendix AD-IS® air dryer automatically drains the wet tank.
Daily draining is not required.
Moisture taken in with the air through the compressor inlet
valves collects in the reservoirs and necessitates draining each
reservoir periodically. This is done by opening the drain cocks
located at the end of all tanks (optional pull-cable operated drain
valves may be present). If the drain cock is opened in the end
of the tank, there must be some air pressure in the system to
assure proper drainage. Be sure to close the drain cocks after
all moisture has been expelled.
On vehicles so equipped, the reservoir automatic drain valve
ejects moisture and contaminants from the reservoir in which it
is connected. It operates automatically and requires no manual
assistance or control lines from other sources. The reservoir
should be drained and the valve should be examined periodically
to ensure that the drain passage is not obstructed.
153
Operation
Brake Application
Rapid successive brake applications and release, sometimes
referred to as fanning or pumping the pedal, should be avoided.
This is an inefficient way of slowing or stopping a vehicle
and inefficient use of air pressure. It also defeats the proper
operation of the ABS.
To release the parking brake after a low-pressure occurrence,
recharge system to at least 70 psi (483 kPa) and push in the
parking brake control. If the system cannot be recharged and
the vehicle must be moved, the spring brake must be manually
released (caged).
WARNING
Parking Brake
Failure to comply with the following may result in
property damage, personal injury, or death:
WARNING
Under no circumstances should the spring brake
section of the spring and service brake chamber
be disassembled. Disassembly will release a
powerful spring, which could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
All vehicles with air brakes are equipped with spring brake
chambers for parking. The parking system is operated manually
by a single valve, which in the case of a tractor also controls the
parking system on the trailer.
The purpose of this brake is to hold the vehicle in a parked
position. The parking brake should not be used to brake the
vehicle during normal driving.
To apply the parking brake, pull out control knob. To release the
parking brake, push in the control knob.
It should be noted that upon loss of air pressure in both primary
and secondary systems, partial spring brake application will
occur prior to full automatic application of the parking brake
control valve at 20 to 45 psi (138 to 310 kPa).
154
•
Always chock the wheels when manually releasing the
parking brakes, or the vehicle can roll.
•
For towing, make sure the vehicle is securely connected
to tow vehicle and tow vehicle parking brakes are
applied before releasing the disabled vehicle’s parking
brakes.
•
To ensure release of parking brake, always cage the
spring in the brake chamber.
•
Under no circumstances should the spring brake
chamber be disassembled for the purpose of releasing
the parking brake.
In the event it is necessary to move the vehicle after an
emergency application (before air pressure can be restored),
the parking spring can be compressed mechanically to release
the brake. A release stud spring caging tool is furnished with
the brake chamber assembly. The release stud engages in the
spring pressure plate and its nut is tightened to compress, cage
the spring and release the brake.
Remove release stud assembly from carrying pocket.
3878859R2
Operation
Apply a light coat of antiseize to the threads of the release stud to
avoid any unnecessary wear of the threads. Remove the access
plug from the end of the spring chamber. Insert the release stud
through the opening in the chamber and into the spring pressure
plate.
Turn the release stud one-quarter turn to engage the tangs on
the release stud into the slot in the pressure plate. Install the nut
on the release stud. Be sure tang on release stud stays engaged
with slot on pressure plate while installing the nut. Tighten the
nut with a wrench to compress the spring.
reservoirs. This protects the air system components from
malfunctioning including blockage, corrosion, and freezing.
For air tank draining requirements, refer to the Maintenance
Instructions section as well as local regulations.
The air dryer is installed in the discharge line between the air
compressor and the air system reservoirs. The air dryer includes
a replaceable desiccant cartridge and oil blocking filter that is
periodically serviced. It also may include a heater to prevent the
discharge valve from freezing in cold weather.
Trailer Brake Hand Control
Parking Brake Reset
Charge spring brake chambers with air pressure. Loosen nut
and remove the release stud and nut from the spring housing and
re-install the access plug in the chamber opening. Re-install the
release stud and nut in the carrying pocket on the brake chamber
housing.
Parking Brake Alarm
If the parking brake alarm sounds (horn continuously blows
when driver’s door is opened), press the service brake pedal.
Then, after turning the ignition switch to the ON or ACC position,
make sure that the parking brake is set. For a more detailed
description of the alarm, see the Parking Brake Alarm in the
Electrical section above.
Air Dryer
The function of the air dryer is to collect and remove moisture
and contaminants before the compressed air reaches the air
3878859R2
WARNING
The hand control valve should never be used
to apply the trailer brakes when the tractor and
trailer are parked. Air pressure may leak from the
system, and the vehicle could roll away, resulting
in property damage, personal injury, or death.
The trailer brake hand control is used to apply the trailer service
brakes, independently of the tractor service brakes. The trailer
brake hand control operates a valve that provides gradual control
of air pressure applied to the trailer service brakes. The trailer
service brakes can be fully or partially applied, but when in a
partial position, can be overridden by pressing fully on the brake
pedal.
To apply the trailer service brakes utilizing the hand control,
move the lever clockwise (down). The further the handle is
moved clockwise, the greater the air pressure applied to the
trailer brakes. The trailer hand brake handle will remain in
place with the desired brake pressure applied until the handle
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Operation
is manually moved. To release the trailer brakes, move handle
counterclockwise (up) until trailer moves freely.
Trailer Air Supply and Parking Brake Modular Controls
•
TRAILER AIR SUPPLY (red octagonal knob)
•
PARKING BRAKE (yellow diamond knob)
The PARKING BRAKE valve knob (yellow) should be pushed in
first, after sufficient air pressure is built up (apply foot brake to
prevent vehicle from rolling). The TRAILER AIR SUPPLY valve
knob may then be pushed in.
The TRAILER AIR SUPPLY valve knob (red) and PARKING
BRAKE valve knob will automatically pop out if the system
pressure (both front and rear circuits) drops to 20 to 40 psi
(138 to 276 kPa). The tractor protection valve will then close,
156
the tractor spring brakes will apply, and the trailer emergency
system will be activated.
On vehicles equipped with the standard two valve system,
the operation of one valve together with the other permits the
operator to select the desired functions described below:
Red Valve
(Trailer Air Supply)
Yellow Valve
(Parking Brake)
Function (Mode)
Out
Out
System Park
In
Out
Trailer Charge
In
In
Normal Running
Out
In
Bobtail/Sliding
Fifth Wheel
Adjustment/Sliding
Trailer Tandems
Adjustment
The PARKING BRAKE valve (yellow knob) controls the spring
brakes on the tractor and when pulled out simultaneously causes
the trailer supply valve to pop out, thus applying both tractor and
trailer parking brakes. The trailer brakes may be independently
released by pushing only the TRAILER AIR SUPPLY valve (red
control) in.
The TRAILER AIR SUPPLY valve (red valve) delivers air to the
trailer supply and will automatically pop out, shutting off the trailer
supply if pressure is decreased to approximately 35 psi (241
kPa). For exact air pressure set-points, refer to the Service
Manual.
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Operation
NOTE: When attempting to readjust/slide the position of the
tractor fifth wheel or the trailer’s tandem axles with the tractor
and trailer fully connected, leave the tractor’s PARKING BRAKE
pushed in and pull the TRAILER AIR SUPPLY out. This will
apply the trailer’s parking brakes and keep it stationary while
the tractor is moved forward or reverse.
Parking Brake Indicator
WARNING
Driving with the parking brakes applied can lead
to excessive heat build up and fire resulting in
property damage, personal injury, or death.
The Parking Brake indicator is operated in conjunction with the
parking brake. With the ignition switch on and the Parking brake
set, the PARK indicator will illuminate. If the indicator does
not illuminate with the Parking brake set, the indicator may be
inoperative.
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Bobtail Proportioning System
Bobtail proportioning is available with tractor air brake systems
(for export only with code 04092) with or without ABS or
ABS/Traction Control Systems. The proportioning valve senses
when trailer brakes are not connected to the vehicle air brake
system, and automatically adjusts rear braking power when
operating in the bobtail mode, then returns full braking power
when a trailer is attached. When operating in the bobtail
mode, bobtail proportioning provides more braking control and
shorter stopping distances, particularly on wet and slippery road
surfaces.
It should be noted that there is a noticeably different brake pedal
feel on tractors with this feature while operating in the bobtail
mode. Higher brake pedal efforts will be experienced by the
driver than when in a brake system without bobtail proportioning.
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Operation
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
General Information
ABS Operation
WARNING
WARNING
Antilock brake systems are designed to enhance
overall vehicle safety when a vehicle is driven
within its safe operating limits. ABS cannot
compensate for a vehicle that is being driven
beyond the physical limits of control. Drivers
operating an ABS equipped vehicle should
employ safe driving practices and assume no
additional driving risks. Failure to do so could
result in property damage, personal injury, or
death.
If the ABS warning indicator comes on, stopping
distances may increase under certain braking
conditions.
Have the ABS system repaired
immediately. Take every precaution to prevent
wheel lockup, which could result in loss of vehicle
control causing property damage, personal
injury, or death.
Do not rely on the ABS system to interrupt
vehicle engine brake on slippery road surfaces.
Turn these devices off during hazardous driving
conditions. Failure to follow this warning may
cause wheel slippage and/or loss of vehicle
control, which could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
ABS requires no changes in driving practices. For the best
stopping performance with or without ABS, modulate - do not
pump - the brake pedal until the vehicle slows to desired speed
or stops. Be aware that ABS on a towing vehicle does not
control brakes on towed vehicles. Towed vehicles may or may
not have ABS. ABS will prevent lockup of controlled wheels if you
over-brake for existing road conditions. Optimum vehicle control
for existing road conditions will be provided as a result of the
ABS preventing wheel lockup at speeds above approximately 4
miles per hour. The ABS cannot provide any better braking and
steering capability than the available road traction will permit. If
the road is slippery it will take longer to stop than on a dry road.
Steering maneuverability will be similarly limited. Vehicle speed
must be reduced to compensate for the extended time and
distance required to stop or slow the vehicle on slippery roads.
The Antilock Brake System is a mandated feature added to the
standard air brake system. It electronically monitors vehicle
wheel speed at all times, and only engages when wheel lock
is imminent. The standard air brake system controls normal
braking when the ABS is not engaged.
The wheel hubs carry exciter rings used by axle mounted
sensors to transmit wheel speed information to the ABS
electronic control unit located inside the cab. The control unit
monitors and compares all wheel speed inputs to determine if
any wheel(s) are about to lock. If wheel lockup is about to occur,
WARNING
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Operation
the control unit commands the appropriate modulator valve to
adjust air pressure delivery to prevent wheel lockup.
ABS Self Check
Bendix ABS Checkout: A yellow warning indicator on the
instrument panel indicates the antilock system status. The
indicator comes on and the system goes through an ABS
self-checkout sequence each time the ignition is turned on.
The system is working normally when ignition is turned on,
indicator comes on, then flashes twice and remains on for
several seconds before going out.
During the self-checkout, the modulator valves will cycle around
the vehicle twice in the following pattern
1. Right Front
2. Left Front
3. Right Rear
4. Left Rear
A fault has been detected in the ABS if the warning indicator
does not come on with ignition, does not flash, fails to go off or
comes on again at any other time.
If over-braking causes wheel lockup on the rear drive axles
while engine braking devices are in operation, the ABS will
interrupt and disable the engine brake until the lockup situation
has stopped.
If the ABS warning indicator on the instrument panel is lit,
consult your nearest International® Truck service center for
further assistance in maintaining and repairing your ABS.
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Antilock Driving Tips
Brake just the way you always have. Apply brakes as
normal to stop in time. The ABS monitors the brake application
electronically and automatically controls the brakes, much faster
than a driver could do by pumping the brake pedal.
Always remember that you are the most important factor
to safe operation of your vehicle. Steer clear of traffic,
pedestrians, animals or other obstacles while you are in an
emergency braking situation. The Antilock tractor and truck
brake system will allow you to steer the vehicle during braking
while it comes to a full stop. ABS is not an excuse to take
unnecessary risks. Always drive carefully and stay a safe
distance away from the vehicle in front of you.
When driving with a single trailer, doubles, or triples: Brake
as necessary and watch your trailer(s) through your mirrors and
correct steering as necessary to keep in straight lines.
If only your tractor has ABS: Use your tractor’s ABS brakes.
Steer clear of obstacles and watch the trailer through your
mirrors to make sure it follows your tractor properly. Tractor
ABS will help prevent tractor jackknife but will not prevent trailer
swing out.
Automatic Traction Control (ATC) System
General Information
The Automatic Traction Control (ATC) feature is an available
option on some models. Automatic Traction Control is an
integrated addition to the Antilock Brake System. This system
utilizes input from the individual wheel sensors to determine if
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Operation
drive axle wheel slip is occurring during vehicle acceleration.
If drive axle wheel slippage is occurring, the Controller Relay
initiates action to reduce engine power and/or to selectively
apply rear brakes to transfer power from the slipping wheel to
the opposite wheel. This enables the vehicle to gain momentum
and move torque to road surfaces providing more traction. The
system instantly blinks a dash indicator to advise the driver that
wheel spin is occurring.
If wheel spin occurs at speeds above 25 mph (40 km/h), the dash
indicator blinks and, using its link to the engine control module,
the ATC reduces engine torque to a level suitable for the available
traction. The brakes are not applied, even slightly, at any speed
above 25 mph (40 km/h).
Both the AntilockBrake System and Automatic Traction Control
are features added to the basic air brake system and the loss
of either or both should in no way affect the basic brake system.
ABS and ATC require no changes in driving style and it is best not
to change your usual, careful driving habits. Other than during
initial start-up, when the TRAC CTRL indicator flashes and then
goes out, the ATC system should not be noticed until it’s needed.
Routine operation of the brakes and accelerator are unchanged.
ATC System Check
At ignition turn-on, the TRAC CTRL indicator will illuminate
steadily for 2.5 seconds and then turn off. If not, the system is
defective or inoperative.
160
ATC OFF ROAD or MUD/SNOW Switch
The optional ATC system comes equipped with one
of two switches that perform the same functions of
enabling and disabling the ATC system.
NOTE: Be sure to turn the ATC OFF ROAD or
MUD/SNOW switch off when you return to a firm
surface.
The function of this switch is to allow greater engine
power and more wheel spin. When operating on soft
road surfaces, place the OFF ROAD or MUD/SNOW
switch in the ENABLE position. The switch indicator
will flash slowly to indicate that this function has
been selected, and will flash rapidly whenever ATC is
operating to control excessive wheel spin.
Stability Control Systems – Bendix® RSP/WABCO
RSC/Bendix ESP
WARNING
Vehicles equipped with Stability Control have
reduced effectiveness when pulling double
or triple trailers.
Failure in understanding
this warning could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
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Operation
WARNING
Stability Control systems are designed to
enhance overall vehicle stability by automatically
reducing vehicle speed under certain conditions.
Drivers operating a Stability Control equipped
vehicle should employ safe driving practices
and assume no additional driving risks. Failure
to follow this warning could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
The optional stability control system provides the core ABS
function as well as Automatic Traction Control (ATC) and Roll
Stability functions.
Core ABS Functions: The core ABS system reduces wheel
lock-up to help drivers maintain steering control while braking.
Antilock Braking Systems (ABS) use wheel speed sensors,
ABS pressure modulator valves, and an Electronic Control Unit
(ECU) to control either four or six wheels of a vehicle. ECUs
optimize slip between the tire and the road surface by monitoring
individual wheel turning motion during braking.
(such as at exit ramps) lane changing, cornering, or obstacle
avoidance. It is most effective on dry, high-friction surfaces.
Advanced Stability Functions (ESP): This function enhances
stability by sensing actual vehicle dynamics. ESP equipped
vehicles add yaw control to the basic roll stability feature.
Vehicle Stability Control Speed Reduction: In the case of a
potential roll event, the stability system will remove the throttle
and quickly apply brake pressure to slow the vehicle combination
below the threshold.
Steering Angle Sensor (ESP only): This sensor enables
the advanced stability system to capture the driver’s steering
input and intervene if a yaw correction is needed. The sensor
also provides the earliest indication of an increase in lateral
acceleration that might cause a potential roll event. A steering
angle sensor provides a greater stability margin than a vehicle
that is not equipped with this sensor.
Roll Stability Functions: The control system (RSP or RSC)
helps to mitigate rollovers through advanced sensing, engine
torque control, and automatic application of the vehicle brakes.
RSP is an all-axle ABS solution that helps reduce vehicle speed
by applying all vehicle brakes as needed, reducing the tendency
to roll over. RSC is a rear-axle ABS solution that helps reduce
vehicle speed by applying rear vehicle brakes as needed,
reducing the tendency to roll over.
Brake Demand Sensors:
The stability control system
(RSP and ESP) was designed to supplement the drivers
actions. By directly measuring driver brake demand, the
system can transition seamlessly between driver-intended and
system-intended braking pressure. For example, if in a certain
maneuver, the system calculates 40 psi (276 kPa) is needed
and the driver is only applying 20 psi (138 kPa), the system
compensates automatically to deliver the needed 40 psi (276
kPa). If, however, during the same maneuver, the driver steps
on the brake pedal quickly to apply a higher [above 40 psi
(276 kPa)] braking level, the driver’s braking input overrides the
temporary change made by the system.
RSP or RSC focuses on reducing the vehicle’s speed below
the critical roll threshold during direction-changing maneuvers,
ABS/Stability System Interaction: With the ABS based
stability control system, the ABS system is given “priority” at the
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Operation
wheel ends to manage wheel slip for optimal braking. The ABS
system functions similarly whether the stability system or the
driver applies the brakes.
Towing Instructions
WARNING
This vehicle may be equipped with (optional)
dual tow hooks for recovery purposes only.
Always use both tow hooks to prevent possible
overloading and breaking of individual hooks.
Failure to follow this warning could result in
property damage, personal injury, or death.
WARNING
Failure to comply with the following may result in
property damage, personal injury, or death:
•
Always chock the wheels when manually releasing the
parking brakes, or the vehicle can roll.
•
For towing, make sure the vehicle is securely connected
to tow vehicle and tow vehicle parking brakes are
applied before releasing the disabled vehicle’s parking
brakes.
•
To ensure release of parking brake, always cage the
spring in the brake chamber.
•
Under no circumstances should the spring brake
chamber be disassembled for the purpose of releasing
the parking brake.
CAUTION
Remove tow hooks from their installed position
in the front of the vehicle before operating the
vehicle. Failure to do so could result in the tow
hooks becoming unintentionally detached from
the vehicle resulting in vehicle and/or engine
component damage.
NOTE: Important factors to keep in mind when using tow hooks:
162
•
use both tow hooks when retrieving vehicle
•
use a slow steady pull, do not jerk on hooks
•
tow hooks are not designed for towing, retrieval only
3878859R2
Operation
NOTE: The tow hooks must be removed to operate the tilt-away
bumper.
Before moving the towed vehicle, check for adequate road
clearance of vehicle components.
International® Truck
recommends unloading the towed vehicle prior to towing to
reduce any abnormal loads to the vehicle components resulting
from the towing procedures. Before towing, be sure to fully
release the parking brake. The spring actuated type parking
brake can be released by recharging the air system with at
least 64 psi (441 kPa) of air. If brake system will not retain air
pressure, then the spring brakes must be held in the released
position (caged) manually. See Parking Brakes.
Tow Hooks
Two removable front tow hooks are optional on International®
ProStar®+ Series models. The tow hooks are inserted directly
into the front suspension bracket when in use, and can be
conveniently stored in the cab when not in use. Tow hooks
provide a convenient attachment point from which to recover
the vehicle in emergency situations.
1. Front Bumper
2. Tow Hooks
3. Receiver Portion of Front Suspension Bracket
NOTE: The optional tow hooks are stored in a bracket attached
to the rear side of the seat bases on day cab models and in a
plastic case under the bunk on sleeper models.
NOTE: Do not leave tow hooks in receivers when not in use.
Insert the tow hooks through the front bumper and into the
receivers (tow hooks must have the point of hooks vertical while
inserting into receiver). Push on each tow hook and rotate
outward 90° to secure the hooks in the locked position. The
point of each tow hook is pointed outboard on the truck to
prevent damage to the bumper during towing.
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Operation
Towing Vehicle With Front Wheels Suspended
CAUTION
To prevent transmission damage, vehicles should
not be towed even short distances without
suspending rear wheels or removing the axle
shafts or propeller shaft.
In the event the chassis is equipped with tandem
axle and the vehicle is to be towed from the front,
the forward rear axle may be raised to clear the
road surface and secured to the frame by chains
or U-bolts, allowing only rear axle to contact
road surface. Axle shafts must be removed from
rear axle assembly. The wheel hub ends must
be covered to prevent loss of axle lubricant and
entrance of contaminants. Use extreme care
in securing the chains or U-bolts to prevent
possible damage of brake lines, hoses or other
components.
When it is necessary to tow a vehicle with the front wheels
suspended, extra precautions must be taken to avoid
transmission or differential damage. Proceed as follows.
Remove axle shafts from axle assembly to prevent the wheels
from driving the differential and the transmission. The wheel
hub ends must be covered to prevent loss of axle lubricant
and entrance of contaminants. If axle shafts are not removed,
removal of propeller shafts at rear axle will be required.
Towing Vehicles With Driver Controlled Differential Lock
Removing Axle Shafts Before Towing
CAUTION
To prevent differential and/or transmission
damage, vehicles that must be towed to a service
facility with the drive axle wheels on the ground,
it is necessary to remove the axle shafts before
the vehicle is towed.
CAUTION
Do not use a chisel or wedge to loosen axle shafts
and dowels. The chisel or wedge can damage
hub, axle shafts and oil seals if used.
NOTE: One of the axle shafts has two sets of splines. One set
to engage with differential side gear and one set to engage with
shift collar for the differential lock. It may be necessary to rotate
shaft slightly to align side gear spline teeth with clutch collar teeth
in order to remove axle shaft.
1. Shift main differential to the locked (engaged) position.
Applicable RR DIFF or FR DIFF ENGAGE indicator must
be illuminated in instrument panel gauge cluster to validate
DIFF LOCK is FULLY engaged and axle shaft can be
removed. Failure to fully engage axle DIFF LOCK will
allow DIFF LOCK shift collar to fall slightly and block, or
temporarily resist axle shaft reinsertion.
2. Remove cap screws and washers or stud nuts and
washers from flanges of both axle shafts.
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3878859R2
Operation
3. Loosen tapered dowels in flanges of both axle shafts
by holding a 1-1/2 inch diameter brass drift or hammer
against axle shaft center and hitting it with a five to six
pound hammer.
3. Install right-hand and left-hand axle shafts as follows:
a. Place gaskets on wheel hub studs.
b.
Push right-hand axle shaft into wheel
end and housing until shaft stops against
differential shift collar.
c.
Push axle shaft further into housing until
shaft stops against differential side gear.
4. Remove tapered dowels and both axle shafts from axle
assembly.
5. Assemble a cover over openings of both wheel ends to
prevent loss of lubricant and keep dirt from the wheel
bearing cavities.
Installing Axle Shafts
1. Remove covers from wheel ends.
d. Push down on axle shaft flange and rotate
shaft until splines of shaft and side gear are
engaged.
e.
Push axle shaft completely into housing
until axle shaft flange and gasket are flush
against wheel hub.
f.
Install left-hand axle shaft and gasket into
wheel end.
2. Shift differential lock to the locked (engaged) position.
Applicable RR DIFF or FR DIFF ENGAGE indicator must
be illuminated in the instrument panel gauge cluster to
validate DIFF LOCK is FULLY engaged and axle shaft can
be removed. Failure to fully engage axle DIFF LOCK will
allow DIFF LOCK shift collar to fall slightly and block, or
temporarily resist axle shaft reinsertion.
4. If tapered dowels are required, install them at each stud
and into flange of axle shaft. Use a punch or drift and
hammer if needed.
5. Install fasteners and tighten to correct torque value.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual Section.
Towing Vehicle With Rear Wheels Suspended
CAUTION
To prevent damage to cab roof or air deflector
when towing the vehicle backwards (rear wheels
suspended) the air deflector must be removed.
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Operation
Whenever possible, it is preferable to tow a disabled vehicle from
the rear by raising the rear of the chassis by the rear axles.
loading the trailer. The vehicle speed must be below 5 mph (8
km/h) before the switch will operate the valve.
When towing a vehicle with rear of the chassis suspended, the
front wheels must be locked in the straight ahead position.
When connecting to a trailer, switch the SUSP/DUMP switch,
located on the instrument panel, to the DUMP position and air
will exhaust from the suspension system lowering the tractor.
This will permit backing under the trailer without undue loading
of suspension system. After making the connection to the trailer,
return the switch to the SUSP position, then raise landing gear.
Tractor-Trailer Connections
WARNING
Whenever possible, make trailer connections
while standing on the ground. Provide adequate
lighting of working areas. Inclement weather and
accumulated road contamination deposits on
handholds and stepping surfaces require extra
care to prevent slips and falls which could cause
personal injury or death.
Do not climb on the back of a tractor unless it has
been provided with a deck plate and handholds.
Use a three-point stance when climbing up and
down from a deck plate. Do not jump from
vehicle.
Connecting/Disconnecting a Trailer to a Vehicle with Air
Suspension
The Air Suspension has a dump valve system option (Code
14899) that permits exhausting air from the suspension system,
thus lowering the frame when connecting, disconnecting, or
166
When disconnecting the trailer, lower the landing gear,
disconnect the brake hoses and rear light connectors from
the trailer, and pull the release lever on the fifth wheel. Slowly
pull the tractor forward just far enough to release the king pin
from the fifth wheel and stop. Switch the SUSP/DUMP switch to
the DUMP position and pull the tractor away from the trailer.
The SUSP/DUMP switch must be returned to the down SUSP
position before operating with a trailer or operating in the bobtail
mode.
Fifth Wheel Operation
WARNING
Always follow the fifth wheel manufacturer’s
instructions for hooking and unhooking as well
as sliding the fifth wheel. Failure to follow
this warning could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
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Operation
WARNING
When using an assistant to reposition a sliding
fifth wheel, the driver must be ready to stop as
soon as the fifth wheel moves to the desired
position. The assistant must keep feet, hands
and body clear of the vehicle’s tires and other
moving parts to prevent personal injury or death.
The driver must not begin to move the vehicle
until the assistant is clear and signals the driver
to move the vehicle.
Fifth Wheel Slide Switch (Optional)
An optional Fifth Wheel Slide switch may be present. This
switch allows the operator to electronically unlock the fifth wheel
to allow it to be moved forward or backward and re-lock it once
the desired position is attained.
To unlock the fifth wheel, press the top portion of the
switch in. The switch indicator will illuminate steadily
when the fifth wheel is unlocked.
NOTE: The fifth wheel cannot be unlocked above a
preset speed (normally 2 mph [3 km/h]). Attempting
to unlock the fifth wheel at any higher speed will cause
the switch indicator to flash slowly (once per second). The fifth
wheel lock automatically engages if it has been unlocked and the
vehicle speed exceeds the preset value.
NOTE: A fast flashing (twice per second) switch indicator
signifies a problem in the fifth wheel lock system.
Hook-Up
1. Fifth wheel jaws must be opened fully.
2. Tilt fifth wheel back to prevent body damage when
tractor is backed under trailer.
3. Block trailer wheels and be sure trailer spring brakes are
adjusted and applied. Never chase a trailer.
4. Make sure brake hoses and light cords are clear of the
fifth wheel.
5. Back tractor squarely under trailer, engaging fifth wheel
jaws on trailer kingpin. Always back slowly, making sure
trailer is neither too high nor too low. Avoid backing
under trailer from an angle.
6. Connect service and parking brake hoses and trailer
light connector. Refer to the Warning located in the
Tractor-Trailer Connections information.
Use a
three-point stance when connecting and disconnecting
trailer.
7. Inspect fifth-wheel jaws to be sure they have closed on
trailer king pin and the trailer plate is resting securely on
the fifth wheel.
8. Be sure the coupler release lever is in the locked
position.
To lock the fifth wheel once the desired position is reached, press
the lower portion of the switch. The switch indicator will turn off
when the fifth wheel is locked.
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Operation
9. Charge trailer brake system. Set trailer brakes, either
with the hand valve or tractor protection valve. Pull
against trailer for an additional check of hook-up. Do
not pull hard enough to damage or strain the equipment.
10. Set tractor parking brakes and fully raise trailer landing
gear. Refer to Brakes segment of this section for
Operation of Parking Brakes and Trailer Brakes.
11. Check operation of all trailer lights and correct faulty
lights.
Un-Hook
1. Try to keep tractor and trailer in straight line.
2. Apply tractor and trailer parking brakes.
3. Lower trailer landing gear, making sure it is on solid, level
ground. The weight of trailer must be on landing gear.
4. Block trailer wheels.
5. Disconnect brake hoses and light cords. Be sure hoses
and cords are clear.
6. Pull coupler release lever to disengage fifth wheel jaws.
7. Release tractor parking brakes.
8. Pull out from trailer slowly, allowing landing gear to take
load gradually.
Fifth Wheel Jaw Unlock Control
Your vehicle may be equipped with an optional Fifth
Wheel Jaw Unlock feature. A guarded switch mounted
in the cab allows the operator to unlock the fifth wheel
jaw from inside the vehicle. There are two available
versions for the system, with monitoring or without
monitoring. The version with monitoring capabilities
includes additional indicators to show the driver fifth
wheel jaw status.
NOTE: Fifth Wheel Jaw Unlock is only operational when vehicle
is stationary, parking brake is set, and ignition switch is in the
RUN position.
NOTE: Outside (roadside), mechanical jaw release mechanism
is still operable regardless of in-cab control.
To unlock the fifth wheel jaw, depress and hold the UNLOCK
FIFTH JAW switch . If the switch is only pressed momentarily
jaw unlock will not occur. A continuous tone alarm will sound
while the jaw is unlocking. The continuous tone will then change
to a repetitive beep indicating jaw unlocking is complete. The
red indicator in the switch will turn on when jaw unlocking is
complete. Release the UNLOCK FIFTH JAW switch and release
the parking brake to silence the alarm. The red indicator will then
turn off. If the red indicator flashes fast, this indicates a fifth wheel
control system error or failure. If the red indicator flashes slowly,
this indicates an interlock problem, (e.g. parking brake not set).
NOTE: If the continuous tone alarm shuts off before the repetitive
beep is heard, jaw unlocking was incomplete.
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Operation
Fifth Wheel Jaw Monitoring
The optional fifth wheel jaw monitoring feature is an
electronic jaw lock indicator system with two indicators
to show fifth wheel jaw status to the driver.
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One indicator, JAW LOCK, has a green that illuminates
when the trailer is fully locked onto the fifth wheel.
The other indicator, JAW UNLOCK, has a red that
illuminates when the trailer is not fully locked onto
the fifth wheel. If neither indicator is illuminated, this
indicates the jaw is unlocked and the tractor is not
connected to a trailer and is in Bobtail mode. If the
JAW UNLOCK indicator is flashing, this indicates the jaw is
locked and the trailer is not connected to the fifth wheel. If both
indicators are flashing, this indicates a system error or failure.
Both indicators will illuminate briefly when the key is turned to
the ON position as a check of function.
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Maintenance Instructions
SECTION 7 — MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
Introduction
about performing some service, consult your International®
Truck dealer or have the service done by a skilled technician.
WARNING
If the owner/operator of the vehicle is a skilled
technician and intends to perform the vehicle
maintenance and servicing, he/she is strongly
urged to purchase and follow the appropriate
International® service manuals or Diamond
ISIS® CD-ROM. Ordering information is included
at the back of this manual. Failure to properly
perform maintenance and servicing procedures
could result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
Your vehicle has been engineered and manufactured to provide
economical service. However, it is the owner’s responsibility to
see that the vehicle receives proper care and maintenance to
assure high performance.
Quality International® service parts are available through your
International® Truck Dealer. If International® service parts are
not used, the owner must make sure that the parts used are
equivalent to International® service parts.
As with any vehicle, care should be taken to avoid being injured
when performing maintenance or repairs or making any checks.
Improper or incomplete service could result in the vehicle not
working properly, which in turn, may result in personal injury or
damage to the vehicle or its equipment. If you have any question
3878859R2
Maintenance Guidelines
WARNING
Failure to perform proper maintenance and
service could result in property damage, personal
injury, or death.
WARNING
Making modifications to any part, component, or
system of the vehicle, can adversely affect the
quality and reliability of your vehicle and must be
prevented. Modifications to systems could result
in property damage, personal injury, or death.
WARNING
Use only genuine International truck service
parts. The use of inferior parts can adversely
affect the quality and reliability of your vehicle,
which could result in property damage, personal
injury, or death.
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Maintenance Instructions
CAUTION
WARNING
To prevent property damage, personal injury,
or death, take care when performing any
maintenance or making any check or repair.
Some of the materials in this vehicle may also
be hazardous if used, serviced, or handled
improperly. If you have any questions pertaining
to the service, have the work done by a skilled
technician.
WARNING
To prevent property damage, personal injury, or
death when servicing the vehicle, park on a flat
level surface, set the parking brake, turn off the
engine, and chock the wheels.
To prevent damage to electrical components
during electric welding operations, follow these
cautions: Prior to electric welding, disconnect
any negative and positive battery cables that
connect the batteries to the vehicle. Be sure
the detached connectors are not touching
the vehicle. If welding close to an electronic
component, temporarily remove that component.
Attach the welder ground cable as close as
possible to the part being welded.
When servicing your vehicle always:
1. Turn off the ignition switch, unless the procedure calls for a
running engine.
2. Set the parking brake and chock the wheels.
3. Use support stands, not a jack, whenever you must be under
a raised vehicle.
WARNING
Always disconnect the ground battery terminal
first, then the positive cable. When reconnecting
the battery cables, connect the positive cables
first, and then reconnect the negative cables.
Failure to follow this warning may result in a
direct battery short which is a fire or explosion
hazard which could result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
4. Do not smoke.
5. Wear safety glasses for eye protection.
6. Operate engine only in a well-ventilated area.
7. Do not work on brakes or clutch unless proper precautions
are taken to avoid inhaling friction material dust.
8. Do not wear loose clothing, hanging jewelry, watches or
rings. Tie up long hair and avoid rotating machinery.
9. Avoid contact with hot metal parts; allow hot components to
cool before working on them.
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Maintenance Instructions
10. Correct any problems that were revealed during inspection
prior to operating the vehicle.
Supporting Your Vehicle for Service
WARNING
Always use floor stands to support the vehicle
before working under it. Using only a jack could
allow the vehicle to fall resulting in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
When performing service repairs on a vehicle, first:
1. Park vehicle on level concrete floor.
2. Set parking brake and/or block wheels to prevent vehicle
from moving.
3. Select jack with a rated capacity sufficient to lift the
vehicle.
4. Raise vehicle with jack applied to axle. (Do not use
bumper as a lifting point.)
5. Support vehicle with floor stands under axle(s).
If axle or suspension components are to be serviced, support
vehicle with floor stands under frame side members, preferably
between the axles.
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Chassis Lubrication
New vehicles are lubricated at the factory. After the vehicle
is placed in operation, regular lubrication and maintenance
intervals, based on the type of service and road conditions,
should be established. The loads carried, speed, road and
weather conditions all contribute to the frequency of lubrication
intervals. Thorough lubrication and maintenance at the specified
intervals will insure Outstanding Life Cycle Value and will reduce
overall operating expense.
In some types of operation, and where operating conditions are
extremely severe (such as in deep water, mud or unusually dusty
conditions), the vehicle may require re-lubrication after every 24
hours of operation.
Only lubricants of superior quality, such as Fleetrite® lubricants,
should be used. The use of inferior products will reduce the
service life of the vehicle or result in failure of its components.
Navistar, Inc. recommends the use of Fleetrite® lubricants and
OEM original equipment parts.
The lubrication intervals specified should be performed at
whatever interval occurs first, whether it is miles (kilometers),
hours, or months.
These intervals are provided in SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE
INTERVALS AND SPECIFICATIONS
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Maintenance Instructions
Air Conditioning Service Checks
Side Access HVAC Filter
Have your air conditioning system serviced each spring. The
refrigerant charge, cleanliness of condenser-evaporator cores,
cab filter, and belt condition are essential to air conditioning
performance.
Remove the fresh air filter(s) once each season and check
for dirt, lint, etc. Replace if necessary. Vehicles operating in
unusually dusty conditions may require inspecting and replacing
the air filter(s) more often.
To reduce costs, the filter(s) may be carefully power-washed with
a soap solution and reused. Be sure to wash and rinse both sides
and be sure to keep the spray head at least six inches away from
the filter to prevent damage.
Correct airflow may be restored by either replacing the filter(s),
which can be done without tools, or by cleaning the filters.
HVAC Filters
1. Filter Access Door
2. Air Intake Housing
Cab HVAC Filter Replacement – Side Access
1. Unlatch and remove filter access door.
2. Remove filter by pulling filter out of air intake housing.
NOTE: There are three possible cab HVAC filter configurations;
top access, side access and front access HVAC filter housings.
3. Install new filter by sliding filter into air intake housing.
4. Install filter access door and latch in place.
174
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Maintenance Instructions
Front Access HVAC Filter
Recirculation Filters
The recirculation filters are mounted on the left and right sides of
the HVAC unit which is located in-cab under the left side dash.
1. Air Intake Housing
2. Screws
3. Filter Access Door
Cab HVAC Filter Replacement – Front Access
1. Turn screws counterclockwise one quarter turn and
open filter access door.
2. Remove filter by pulling filter out of air intake housing.
1. Recirculation Filter
2. HVAC Unit
Cab HVAC Filter Replacement
1. Remove by gently pulling filter away from HVAC unit.
2. Install new filter onto HVAC unit.
3. Install new filter into air intake housing.
4. Close and secure filter access door by turning screws
clockwise one quarter turn.
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175
Maintenance Instructions
Sleeper HVAC Filter
4. Close lower bunk platform.
Axles
Front Axle
Inspection and Lubrication
Check to make sure that the front axle mounting U-bolts,
attaching or mounting bolts and nuts are securely tightened.
Loose or misaligned front axles will affect vehicle alignment,
front tire wear, and handling.
Re-torque the U-bolt nuts after the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km)
and every 36,000 miles (58,000 km) thereafter.
Observe the following when checking the front axle for damaged,
binding, or worn parts, and adequate lubrication:
•
Kingpin wear inspection requires that no weight is on the
tires.
•
Kingpin and kingpin bushing lubrication requires that the
vehicle weight is off tires and the front wheels be turned fully
to the left or right prior to installing grease distribution.
•
Kingpin thrust bushing lubrication requires that the vehicle
weight is resting on the tires.
•
Power grease guns may be used: however, a hand-pumped
grease gun is recommended for optimal grease distribution
within each component joint.
1. Air Intake
2. Filter
3. Lower Bunk Platform
Sleeper HVAC Filter Replacement
1. Raise lower bunk platform.
2. To avoid damaging the filter, carefully grasp the end of
the filter and pull it up and out.
3. Slide a new (or cleaned) filter fully into the slot by
pressing down on the outer two edges of the filter’s top
surface.
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Maintenance Instructions
•
Inspect, lubricate and adjust the wheel bearings at regular
intervals.
Refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE
INTERVALS AND SPECIFICATIONS for the correct
intervals, lubricants, and torques.
•
Rapid outside shoulder wear on both tires indicates too
much toe-in.
•
Rapid inside shoulder wear on both tires indicates too much
toe-out.
•
Excessive wear on the inside or outside of one steer tire
but not the other can indicate a toe-in or toe-out condition
coupled with a misaligned front or rear axle.
•
Pulling to the right or left can indicate misalignment
of the front or rear axle, unequal tire pressures, or a
damaged/mismatched tire.
Normal Maintenance
During operation, the air and oil inside the hub/wheel cavity
expands. It is normal for a mist of oil to be present on the
outside of the hubcap around the vent slit or hole. Over time,
if not wiped off, this film may collect dust and appear unsightly.
If the entire face and end of the hubcap become wet with oil,
investigate the cause. Refer to the Service Manual for repair
procedures.
Routinely clean the hubcap to ensure that the lubricant level
can be easily observed through the clear window as intended.
In situations where the window is clean on the outside but
discolored on the inside, check the lubricant level by removing
the rubber fill/vent plug and insert a finger into the hole.
The specified lubricant level for International® clear window type
hubcaps is from the minimum line to 5/16 inch (.8 cm) above the
minimum line.
If the lubricant level suddenly drops dramatically below the
minimum level, see the Service Manual for diagnostic procedure.
Alignment
Maintaining front axle alignment is very important to achieving
maximum tire life and vehicle control. Inspecting steer axle tires
in the first 3,000 (4828 km) to 10,000 (16,094 km) service miles
will generally show if tires are wearing normally.
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Refer to the Tires subsection for additional related information.
Rear Axle
Inspection and Lubrication
Check to make sure that the rear axle mounting U-bolts,
attaching or mounting bolts and nuts are securely tightened.
Loose or misaligned rear axles will affect vehicle alignment, tire
wear, and handling. Refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE
INTERVALS AND SPECIFICATIONS for torque specifications.
Check the rear axle oil level. Proper oil level minimizes gear
wear, heat and damage to the wheel bearings and seals. The
oil level should be at the lower edge of the level inspection hole
when the vehicle is on level ground. Add oil as necessary.
Refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND
SPECIFICATIONS for additional information.
177
Maintenance Instructions
Locking Differential
Follow these precautions:
Vehicles which have a locking differential have the appropriate
operators manual supplied with the vehicle. Refer to this manual
for maintenance checks.
•
Always wear a respirator approved by National Institute of
Occupational Studies of Health (NIOSH) or Mine Safety and
Appliance (MSA) during all brake service procedures. Wear
the respirator from removal of the wheels through assembly.
Brakes
•
Never use compressed air or dry brushing to clean brake
parts or assemblies.
•
Clean brake parts and assemblies in the open air. During
disassembly, carefully place all parts on the floor to avoid
getting dust into the air. Use an industrial vacuum cleaner
with a HEPA filter system to clean dust from the brake
drums, backing plates, and other brake parts. After using
the vacuum, remove any remaining dust with a rag soaked
in water and wrung until nearly dry.
•
Never use compressed air or dry sweeping to clean the work
area. Use an industrial vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter
system and rags soaked in water and wrung until nearly dry.
Dispose of used rags with care to avoid getting dust into
the air. Use an approved respirator when emptying vacuum
cleaners and handling used rags.
•
Worker cleanup. Wash your hands before eating, drinking,
or smoking. Vacuum your work clothes after use and then
launder them separately, without shaking them, to prevent
fiber dust from getting into the air.
General Information
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death, prevent
breathing brake lining fiber dust. Always use a
respirator while performing brake maintenance.
Follow precautions listed below.
WARNING
Always check and maintain brakes in proper
condition and adjustment. Out of adjustment
brakes could cause reduced braking ability and
result in property damage, personal injury, or
death.
All new International® vehicles use nonasbestos brake linings.
However, exposure to excessive amounts of brake material dust
may be a potentially serious health hazard.
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Maintenance Instructions
Air Brakes
WARNING
Inspection and Adjustment
WARNING
Always chock the wheels when manually
releasing the spring brakes, or the vehicle could
roll causing property damage, personal injury, or
death.
WARNING
Under no circumstances should the spring
brake section of the spring and brake chamber
be disassembled. Disassembly will release a
powerful spring which could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
Brake Automatic Slack Adjusters (ASA’s) should
not need to be manually adjusted in service.
ASA’s should not routinely have to be adjusted
to correct excessive push rod stroke. Excessive
stroke indicates that a problem exists with the
foundation brake, ASA, brake actuator, other
brake system components, or their installation
or adjustment.
In the event that a manual adjustment must be
made (although this should not be a common
practice), a service appointment and full
foundation brake, ASA, and other brake system
component inspection must be conducted as
soon as possible to ensure the integrity of the
overall brake system prior to returning the vehicle
to service.
Failure to follow this warning may result in
property damage, personal injury, or death.
A regular schedule for periodic cleaning, lubrication, adjustment
and inspection should be established, based on the type
of vehicle operation. It is difficult to predetermine an exact
maintenance interval (time or mileage), since vehicles will be
used in a wide variety of applications and conditions. If you
are uncertain of the proper schedule and procedures for your
vehicle, contact your International dealer.
Periodic checking of push rod travel or brake adjustment is
essential for good braking. Push rod travel should be checked
every service interval to determine if adjustment is necessary.
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179
Maintenance Instructions
Brake chamber push rods on original equipment chambers now
incorporate an overstroke indicator (an orange paint marker
near the base of the push rod) to aid adjustment checks. If the
push rod is clean and the orange marker can be seen protruding
from the chamber when the brakes are applied, the brakes
require adjustment.
Slack adjusters should also be checked to ensure proper
operation of the adjuster mechanism at every interval. Push rod
travel should be less than the maximum allowed stroke without
brakes dragging.
Inspect brake linings every maintenance interval. When brake
shoes (or pads) are worn to within 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of rivets
(or backing plates), as indicated by a line or other feature on the
edge of most brake shoes (or pads), brake shoes (or pads) must
be replaced.
This inspection or adjustment should only be performed by
qualified service personnel and must be in accordance with
instructions provided by the Service Manual.
NOTE: Do not overlook the brakes on the trailer either. Brake
condition on a trailer is just as important as the tractor. Proper
brake balance on trucks and tractor trailers is essential for good
braking.
At least once a year, the entire brake system must be inspected
by a trained mechanic. Deteriorated components or components
worn outside of specifications must be replaced. Check:
1. Rubber components for condition, cracks, tears, wear,
missing components, etc.
180
2. Condition of drums, brake chambers, and slack
adjusters for wear, corrosion, maladjustment, cracks,
missing components, etc.
3. For air leaks. No air leakage is permissible. Also,
check for air leaks with parking brake disengaged and
wheels chocked.
4. Hose or pipes for rust, damage, deterioration.
5. Proper operation of service, parking, and trailer brake
controls.
6. The condition and full insertion of the ABS wheel speed
sensors, wiring, and connectors.
7. Proper ABS wheel speed sensor-to-exciter teeth gap.
Air Dryer
General Information
NOTE: The use of an air dryer does not eliminate the need to
periodically drain the air tanks.
The air dryer removes humidity (water), air compressor oil, and
dirt from the incoming compressed air, thus protecting the air
system against deterioration and restriction.
The air dryer is installed between the air compressor discharge
line and the air tanks. The air dryer has a desiccant cartridge
and a filter which is serviced as an assembly. Moisture from the
air collects on the desiccant and is automatically discharged.
Life and performance of the air dryer depends on usage, air
humidity levels, environmental temperatures, air compressor oil
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
control, and desiccant quantity. Regularly check the desiccant,
purge valve and air dryer heater performance.
Desiccant Filter
Open reservoir drain valves and check for presence of water.
Small amounts of water due to condensation is normal. If the
wet, primary, or secondary tanks are collecting an abnormally
high amount of water between regular air tank drain intervals,
replace the air dryer desiccant.
The air dryer desiccant replacement interval may vary; it is
generally recommended that the desiccant be replaced every
12 months for small air dryers, like the Bendix AD-IP®, or every
24 months for large air dryers, like the Bendix AD-9® or Bendix
AD-IS®. If experience has shown that extended or shortened
life has resulted for a particular installation, then the interval
should be increased or reduced accordingly.
Purge Valve
Check that the purge valve opens and expels moisture when the
air governor shuts off the air compressor. Air should escape
rapidly and then quickly stop. If the purge valve does not open
or you can hear a slight audible air leakage past the valve for
longer than 30 seconds, the valve may be sticking and should
be rebuilt. Purge valves may also stick if the air dryer heater has
failed and ice is clogging the valve.
Heater
Check that the air dryer heater activates at temperatures below
freezing. With the vehicle in a cold environment and before the
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engine is started, turn on the ignition and touch the air dryer
housing. It should be warmer than other metallic items on the
vehicle. If some warmth cannot be felt, it may indicate that the
heater element or the wiring powering it should be serviced.
Air Reservoir/Tanks Moisture Draining
Moisture taken in with the air through the compressor inlet valves
collects in the air tanks. The wet tank is the first tank to receive air
from the air dryer and therefore collects most of the remaining
moisture that was not removed by the air dryer. Drain the wet
tank reservoir every day at the end of the trip. Drain the primary
and secondary tanks periodically. Periodically, manually drain
each reservoir by opening the drain cock located either on the
bottom of the tank or in the end of the tank. Make sure the
drain passage is not plugged. For ease of draining, some or all
air tank drain valves may be equipped with optional pull cords.
There must be some air pressure in the system to ensure proper
drainage. Close the drain cocks after all moisture has been
expelled. Drain the wet tank daily at the end of each trip to purge
collected water and prevent ice formation inside the tank when
the vehicle is shut off in cold weather. If you are unsure which
tank is the wet tank, drain all tanks daily.
On vehicles equipped with automatic drain valve(s), moisture
and contaminants are automatically removed from the reservoir
to which it is connected. It operates automatically during each
compression cycle and requires no manual assistance or control
lines from other sources.
The Bendix AD-IS® air dryer has an integral wet/purge tank
which automatically purges itself and the desiccant of collected
water at the end of each compressor cycle.
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Maintenance Instructions
ABS Connections and Sensors
Periodically, push together the ABS wiring connections to ensure
they are fully-seated. Press the wheel speed sensors into their
mounting collars to ensure they are fully-seated.
Cab
Care of Vehicle
Washing and Waxing
Frequent and regular washing will lengthen the life of your new
vehicle’s painted finish and bright metal trim.
Wash your vehicle often with warm or cold water to remove dirt
and preserve the original luster of the paint. Never wash the
vehicle in the direct rays of the hot sun or when the sheet metal
is hot to the touch, as this may cause streaks on the finish. Do
not use hot water or strong soaps or detergents, as this may etch
the paint or exposed metal/bright surfaces. Do not wipe off dirt
when the surface is dry, as this will scratch the paint or exposed
metal/bright surfaces.
Always make sure that steps and grab handles are clean and
free of road grime, grease, ice, and other debris.
Prior to using any wax or polish, the vehicle must be thoroughly
washed to avoid scratching the finish.
Bright Metal Care
To preserve the bright look of your vehicle’s trim (grilles,
bumpers, etc.) use only mild detergents and lukewarm water
182
for cleaning. Damage to these parts can occur if cleaning
solutions having excessive acidity or alkalinity (pH) are used.
Also, the higher the solution temperature ranges, the more
caustic the cleaner’s chemical compounds become. However,
if high-pressure washing equipment and washing compounds
are used, satisfactory results can be achieved, if the solution
has a pH value between 4 and 8 and the temperature does not
exceed 160°F (71°C). Solutions that are more acidic or more
alkaline will attack the metallic coating.
If you are having difficulty with your washing compound, contact
your local supplier for the acidity/alkalinity (pH) specification.
A nonabrasive chrome cleaner may be used sparingly to clean
the bright metal. Do not use steel wool. Use of automobile
wax or polish on bright metal usually will restore the original
brightness.
Upholstery Care
Use a whisk broom and vacuum cleaner to remove loose dust
and dirt from upholstery and floor. Vinyl and woven plastic
upholstery can be washed with warm water and mild soap.
Remove soap residue and wipe dry. If commercial cleaners are
used, follow instructions supplied with cleaner.
Exposed Rubber and Unpainted Plastic Parts
To better protect plastic surfaces from fading, use Meguiar’s #40
vinyl and rubber cleaner/conditioner. Spread evenly with sponge
or towel and allow to penetrate. Buff off excess product with
clean cloth.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
Clutch
Pedal Free Travel
All International® ProStar®+ Series vehicles are equipped with
pull type clutches. If a non-self-adjusting clutch (clutches other
than the Eaton Solo series) was selected, free pedal must
be checked each time the vehicle chassis is lubricated. If
free pedal is less than 1/2 inch (13 mm), the clutch must be
adjusted. Contact your International® Truck dealer for proper
clutch adjustment procedures. After proper clutch adjustment,
clutch free pedal should be between 1.25 and 1.75 inch (32
mm and 44 mm) and the release bearing should contact the
clutch brake with 1/2 to 1 inch (13 mm to 25 mm) of clutch
pedal travel remaining. Free pedal and clutch brake should be
adjusted by lengthening (increases free pedal and decreases
clutch brake squeeze) or shortening (decreases free pedal and
increases clutch brake squeeze) the horizontal rod if outside of
this specification. Contact your International® Truck dealer for
proper linkage adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Proper clutch and linkage adjustment will provide
adequate clearance between the release yoke fingers and the
release bearing as well as between the release bearing and
the clutch brake for proper operation. Improper adjustment may
cause improper clutch operation, reduce clutch life, and may
void the clutch warranty.
Clutch cross-shafts and throw-out bearings must be lubricated
each time the vehicle chassis is lubricated to ensure smooth
clutch activation and long life.
3878859R2
All new International® ProStar®+ vehicles use non-asbestos
clutch linings.
However, exposure to excessive amounts
of clutch material dust (whether asbestos or non-asbestos,
fiberglass, mineral wool, aramid, ceramic or carbon) is a
potentially serious health hazard.
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death, prevent
breathing clutch lining fiber dust. Always wear a
respirator when doing clutch lining maintenance.
Persons who handle clutch linings should follow the same
precautions as outlined for handling brake linings.
Hydraulic Clutch
Your vehicle is equipped with a hydraulic clutch actuation system.
The reservoir is located just below the cowl, left of center on the
firewall.
CAUTION
To prevent vehicle and/or engine component
damage, use only approved hydraulic clutch
fluid (DOT 3 or DOT 4 brake fluid) in the clutch
hydraulic system. Do not mix different types
of brake fluid. The wrong fluid will damage the
rubber parts of the system, causing loss of clutch
function.
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Maintenance Instructions
CAUTION
To prevent vehicle and/or engine component
damage, do not allow the fluid level in the
reservoir to go below the MIN line. If too much
air enters, the hydraulic system will not operate
correctly, and the clutch could be damaged.
1. Reservoir
2. Cap
If the fluid level is below the MIN line, remove cap and fill the
reservoir with DOT 3 or DOT 4 brake fluid until the level reaches
the MAX line.
184
Electrical
Batteries
Battery life and performance varies greatly depending on
duty cycle. Conditions such as short runs between starts,
low ambient operating temperatures, using battery current
without the engine running, and vibration will reduce battery
life. Battery life is also affected by the condition of interrelated
components, such as alternators, battery cables, connections,
engine startability, starter, etc. To maximize battery life, it is
important to keep electrical components, battery boxes, and the
engine in top condition and to minimize or eliminate electrical
loads when the engine is not running.
Battery life can be extended by keeping the batteries fully
charged at all times.
Periodically charging the batteries
with a battery charger may be able to charge the batteries
more completely than the vehicle’s alternator in certain
severe applications. Use a battery charger (float charger)
that automatically reduces amperage or shuts off when the
batteries are fully charged. Use of a Midtronics 55-Amp Power
Supply/Smart (Battery) Charger, Model Number PCX550, Part
Number PSC550CCKIT (or equivalent), available through your
International dealer, is recommended.
Cold batteries resist charging. Battery performance can be
improved by regularly or even periodically storing vehicles and
charging batteries with an automatic float charger for 8 to 24
hours in a warm garage during the cold winter months.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
CAUTION
Allowing batteries to become heavily discharged
and exposed to subfreezing weather will cause
them to freeze and become damaged.
Your vehicle utilizes maintenance-free batteries, which will not
require the periodic addition of water. Wipe the tops of the
batteries clean to avoid a slow current flow through the dirt,
resulting in a loss of charge. Be sure the terminals are clamped
tightly and that the battery is clamped securely in the battery
box.
For best results:
•
Do not mix and match battery models/manufacturers in the
same battery pack.
•
Do not use batteries with differing CCA ratings in the same
battery pack.
•
Do not use batteries with more than one year difference in
the installed age of batteries in the same battery pack.
corrosion and for cleaning the top of the battery. Brighten the
contact surfaces with steel wool, apply a light coat of lubricant
sealing grease, such as Fleetrite® 472141-C1 or equivalent or
a spray protectant, and reassemble. Be sure the terminals are
clamped tightly.
Electrical Charging and Starting System Test
At every PM. fully charge the batteries using an automatic
float charger. Then, have a qualified technician perform an
electrical system test using an International® Electronic System
Tester (Midtronics inTELLECT EXP HD Expandable Electrical
Diagnostics Platform available through your local International
dealer) to catch electrical system problems before they cause
further damage to the batteries and prevent a stranded vehicle.
The test will check for alternator amperage output, starter
current draw, and battery amperage capacity. This type of
testing will detect weaknesses that may not yet be apparent
during normal daily operations.
Terminal Inspection-Cleaning-Corrosion Protection
Battery Cables
CAUTION
When working around the terminals and battery,
use extra care to prevent shorting. A good
practice is to insulate pliers and screwdrivers.
Do not check battery condition by shorting
(flashing) across terminals.
Battery cable terminals must be clean and tight. Use a mixture
of hot water and common baking soda for removing terminal
3878859R2
Periodically inspect electrical connectors on the engine, battery,
and frame for corrosion and tightness. Inspect exposed cables
for fraying or signs of abrasion. Exposed terminals, such as
cranking motor, alternator, and feed-through studs should
be cleaned and recoated with a dielectric grease, such as
Fleetrite® 472141–C1 or equivalent paste or spray protectant.
The inspection/cleaning/corrosion protection should include
feed-through connections, power and ground cable connections
for batteries, engines, and the starter stud.
185
Maintenance Instructions
Connectors that are more subject to corrosion may be
disassembled and sprayed internally with a light coating of
dielectric grease. Use grease sparingly, as too much grease will
not allow air to escape from the connection and this compressed
air will push out the seals in the electrical connectors.
Accessory Feed Connections
WARNING
Electrical circuits are designed with a particular
wire gauge to meet the fuse and circuit breaker
current rating. Do not increase size of fuse or
circuit breaker or change type of breaker supplied
with your truck. To do so could cause wiring to
overheat and possibly burn, resulting in a fire
which could cause property damage, personal
injury, or death.
Vehicle electrical systems are complex and often include
electronic components, such as engine and transmission
controls, instrument panels, antilock brakes, etc. While most
systems still operate on battery voltage (12 volts), some
systems can be as high as 90 volts or as low as 5 volts.
Refer to the Electrical Circuit Diagram manuals, available from
your International dealer, to ensure that any body lights and
accessories are connected to circuits that are both appropriate
and not overloaded. No modification should be made to any
vehicle control system without first contacting your International
dealer.
186
Fuses and Relays
Fuses and relays are located inside the cab within the fuse
panel cover. Refer to the schematic located on the fuse
panel cover in the cab, the schematic on the fuse cover in
the luggage compartment, or the Fuse Panel Schematic
located in SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND
SPECIFICATIONS of this manual for fuse or relay replacement.
Engine
General Information
NOTE: For complete operation and maintenance information
pertaining to your engine, refer to the Engine Operation and
Maintenance Manual provided with the vehicle.
For effective emission control and low operating cost, it is
important that maintenance operations be performed at the
specified periods or mileage intervals indicated in the Engine
Operation and Maintenance Manual.
Service intervals are based on average operating conditions. In
certain environments and locations, more frequent servicing will
be required.
The required maintenance operations may be performed at a
service establishment. Any replacement parts used for required
maintenance services or repairs should be genuine OEM service
parts. Use of inferior replacement parts hinders operation of
engine and emission controls and can reduce engine life and/or
jeopardize the warranty.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
Receipts covering the performance of regular maintenance
should be retained in the event questions arise concerning
maintenance. The receipts should be transferred to each
subsequent owner of the engine (vehicle).
Air Induction System
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death when
performing maintenance and repairs to any
turbocharged engine with engine air inlet piping
disconnected, a turbocharger compressor air
inlet protective shield should be installed over
the turbocharger air inlet.
Engine fluids and contaminated material
GOVERNMENT REGULATION: Engine fluids
(oil, fuel, and coolant) may be a hazard to human
health and the environment. Handle all fluids and
other contaminated materials (e.g., filters, rags) in
accordance with applicable regulations.
Recycle
or dispose of engine fluids, filters, and other
contaminated materials according to applicable
regulations.
Scheduled Maintenance
For information regarding routine scheduled maintenance such
as replacement of oil, filters, coolant, belts, belt tensioners, etc.,
and inspection and adjustment of items such as valve lash, etc.,
refer to the Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual supplied
with the vehicle.
3878859R2
Once each year perform a complete inspection of the air
induction system. In areas where road salt is used, the
inspection consists of disassembling the joints of each metal
component and inspecting for salt build-up that can cause
particles to flake off and enter the engine combustion chambers.
If evidence of corrosion is found (usually appears at the pipe
connections), use a wire brush to clean the inside of the pipes
and inside of the rubber hoses.
If the intake pipes are pitted at the joint ends, use RTV Silicone
to seal the joints. Be certain that no excess material that can be
pulled into the engine is on the inside of the pipe. If the service
condition of the pipes, hoses or clamps is questionable, replace
those parts.
•
Check for loose hoses and clamps.
•
Check for ruptured, bulging, or collapsed hoses.
•
Check air cleaner housing for cracks.
187
Maintenance Instructions
Air Restriction Gauge
The air restriction gauge indicates how much engine air cleaner
filter capacity has been used and how much filter capacity
remains. It measures maximum restriction of the filter element
when the engine is operated at full load and locks at that
point. This feature gives the operator the capability of reading
maximum restriction with the engine shutdown.
The gauge is mounted on the forward side of the air cleaner
housing, or optionally on the center dash panel/wing panel.
The initial restriction with a new air filter element will vary with air
cleaner design and installation.
After servicing the filter element, reset the yellow indicator by
pushing the reset button and releasing it. The yellow indicator
will drop to near or below the window so the air restriction gauge
can be reused.
NOTE: After starting engine, indicator may be seen in lower part
of window. This is normal and should not be mistaken as a signal
for element service.
It is recommended that the operator not reset the gauge until it
has been determined if air cleaner service is required.
188
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Maintenance Instructions
Air Cleaner Element Service
This vehicle comes with a selection of two air cleaner options.
The first option is a single element. The second option is a
dual element air cleaner that is available for applications in
excessively dusty environments that may require more frequent
service intervals. The secondary element is inside the primary
element and prevents contaminants from entering the engine
air intake system during service of the primary element, or in
cases where the primary element becomes damaged. Both
options are serviced in a similar manner.
NOTE: Do not change the air cleaner element configuration
from the factory installed configuration. If equipped with a single
element or dual element that configuration must stay with the
vehicle. Failure to comply may affect engine performance.
NOTE: Be careful not to bump the air filter element while it is
in the housing; this can raise a cloud of dust that can enter the
clean side of the piping to the turbocharger.
1. Lift and hold the locking tab (located at the 2 o’clock
position).
Rotate the cover counterclockwise (in
direction of unlock symbol on cover) to release cover
tabs and pull to remove the cover. Remove the filter
element(s) carefully and slowly, then discard the old
element(s).
2. Wipe the inside of the air cleaner housing with a clean,
damp cloth. Be sure to clean the gasket sealing surface.
Be sure to wipe out any dust that has fallen into the port
to the turbocharger. DO NOT use compressed air for
this cleaning!
3. Visually inspect the air cleaner housing for damage or
distortion, which could allow unfiltered air to enter the
engine. Inspect to be sure that the rubber dust unloader
valve at bottom of housing is in place, free of debris, and
not cracked.
4. Inspect the new air filter element for a damaged or
nonresilient rubber gasket. Inspect the air filter element
body for dents or excessive pleat bunching. If any of
the mentioned conditions exist, obtain and install an
alternate new air filter element from your International
dealer.
5. Carefully install the new air filter element into the air
cleaner housing.
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189
Maintenance Instructions
6. With the air cleaner cover latch at the 1 o’clock position,
align cover tabs with corresponding slots. Push the
cover into the slots. Rotate the cover clockwise (in
direction of lock on cover) until the locking tab snaps
into its locked position.
7. When servicing is completed, reset air restriction gauge
by pushing and holding the reset button and releasing
it. The yellow indicator will drop below the window. The
air restriction gauge is now ready for the next operating
cycle.
NOTE: After starting engine, the indicator may be seen in the
lower part of the window. This is normal and should not be
mistaken as a signal for element service.
190
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Maintenance Instructions
Troubleshooting
No Restriction Reading
POSSIBLE CAUSES
HOW TO CHECK
Plugged fitting or vacuum line
Remove the gauge and apply a vacuum until it is locked up at the red zone. Re-insert the gauge and
hold in the reset button. Indicator will fully return unless line or fitting is plugged. A slow return is
normal due to safety filter in fitting.
Leak in vacuum line
Apply vacuum to gauge until locked up at red zone. Re-connect gauge and close end of line airtight.
Hold in reset button. Indicator will drop slightly and then not move unless vacuum line has a leak.
Leak in gauge
Repeat above except close gauge connection airtight.
Engine airflow too low to generate a
restriction reading
Turbocharged engines must be full load to pull full engine airflow.
Air cleaner element split open
Visually inspect element.
High Restriction Reading
POSSIBLE CAUSES
EXPLANATION
Plugged outer element
Particles in outer filter media restrict airflow. Replace outer element.
Plugged inner element (if equipped)
Replace inner element.
Plugged inlet screens or ducts
Check system upstream from restriction tap for debris, damage or improper installation.
Heavy snow or rain
Temporary high restriction can occur during a rain or snow storm; it disappears after drying out.
If gauge is locked up at red zone, check elements for damage. Reset gauge. Reuse element,
recheck gauge reading.
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191
Maintenance Instructions
Charge Air Cooler And Radiator Core Inspection And
Cleaning
Inspection and Cleaning
With the engine off, visually inspect the charge air cooler core
and radiator core assembly for debris and clogging of external
fins. Prior to engine operation, remove any debris blocking the
core.
The cores may be cleaned by externally backflushing them
with compressed air and/or water. Use high pressure air or
water Thexton radiator cleaning wand with 90-degree tip P/N
4106-NAV available from you International dealer for best
results.
Cooling System
Coolant Level Check
WARNING
Do not exceed the pressure rating on the
de-aeration tank cap. Ensure that the pressure
rating of the de-aeration tank cap matches that
listed on the side of the tank, or the tank may
burst, causing property damage, personal injury,
or death.
CAUTION
If the coolant should get extremely low and
the engine very hot, let the engine cool for
approximately 15 minutes before adding coolant;
then, with the engine running, add coolant slowly.
Adding cold coolant to a hot engine may crack
the cylinder head or crankcase. Never use water
alone.
Filling Instructions
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death from
hot coolant or steam, use only the following
procedure to remove the pressure cap from the
radiator or expansion tank. Allow the engine to
cool first. Wrap a thick, heavy cloth around the
cap. Unscrew the cap slowly to allow pressure
to release from under the cap. After the pressure
has been released, the pressure cap may be
removed.
192
NOTE: If system has been drained, fill with fresh 50/50 diluted
concentrate coolant or 50/50 pre-mixed coolant. If the system
has been flushed with water, a significant amount of the
freshwater flush will remain in the system. In this case refilling
with a mixture with a higher percentage (75%) of coolant
concentrate is advised in order to achieve a final mixture close
to 50/50.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
To function properly, the coolant system must be completely filled
with coolant and all air must be expelled. To accomplish this, the
following procedures should be carefully completed:
1. Turn on ignition without starting the vehicle. This opens the
electrically actuated LTR coolant flow valve.
2. Fully open cab heater coolant shut-off valves and coolant
system vent valve.
3. Remove fill cap and pour a 50/50 mixture (75/25 if it has
been flushed with water) of the proper (Nitrite-Free Shell
Rotella® Ultra Extended Life Coolant) coolant concentrate
and demineralized or distilled water into the de-aeration
tank. A 50/50 coolant mixture will achieve a -34° F (-37° C)
freeze point. A 53/47 coolant mixture will achieve a -40° F
(-40° C) freeze point. The first pour should reach to the top
of the reservoir fill neck.
4. Because the radiator fills slowly, it is important to continue to
top off the system for two minutes following the initial fill.
5. Close coolant system vent valve, start the engine, and
continue to add enough coolant to keep the coolant level
between the COLD MIN and COLD MAX levels marked on
the deaeration tank. Replace the deaeration tank cap tightly
after adding make-up coolant for two minutes.
1. Deaeration Tank
2. Vented Fill Cap
3. COLD MIN and COLD MAX Lines
NOTE: Vented fill cap may differ slightly in location on tank
between engine sizes.
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6. Run engine at governed speed until engine fan has fully
engaged for 5 minutes. Do not exceed 220° F (104° C).
7. Let engine completely cool. Re-check coolant level and
concentration/freeze point with a refractometer and top off
as needed to achieve a coolant level at the COLD MAX line
when cold.
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Maintenance Instructions
Coolant and Optional Coolant Filter
The cooling system in vehicles with MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15
engines, is filled at the factory with Nitrite-free Shell Rotella®
Ultra ELC (Yellow) coolant. International Truck recommends
using only the approved coolant with the 2010 cooling packages,
and will not warrant these cooling systems that have not utilized
the recommended coolant.
The label on the deaeration tank provides additional
coolant/antifreeze information. Consult the Engine Operation
and Maintenance Manual for coolant service life details.
Some engines are ordered with an optional coolant filter that
should be replaced periodically.
For Ultra ELC equipped vehicles use only water filters without
Supplemental Coolant Additives (SCA’s) as SCA’s are not
necessary with Ultra ELC. Any time a silicone gasket/seal
exposed to the coolant is replaced while using Ultra ELC, a
fresh charge of silicates must be added to the coolant to protect
the new gasket/seal.
minus -40° F (-40° C) as well as excellent corrosion protection.
A 50/50 mixture can be easily created in the shop using
undiluted coolant and water and will provide freeze protection
down to -34° F (-36.7° C) if no further dilution is experienced
during installation.
Concentrations greater than 67% are not recommended. The
use of Shell Rotella® Ultra ELC pre-mixed to make up for coolant
loss will assure the glycol/water concentrations stay in balance.
CAUTION
Always use Shell Rotella® Ultra ELC to top-off
ELC-equipped cooling systems. Failure to do so
may result in the loss of extended life properties
and will require periodic testing for SCA levels.
Should top-off occur with conventional coolant(s)
exceeding 10% of the total cooling system
capacity, either drain and refill with Shell Rotella®
Ultra ELC or maintain as a conventional coolant
system using SCA’s at the recommended levels.
International® truck recommends Ultra ELC due to its ease of
maintenance and lower long-term cost of operation. Any system
using or contaminated with more than 10% conventional coolant
must be maintained like conventional coolant and receive regular
tests for Supplemental Coolant Additive (SCA) levels.
Antifreeze
Coolant Concentration Freeze Point
Fan Clutch
Cooling systems should be checked twice a year to assure
proper coolant water concentrations. A 53/47 coolant/water
mixture from the factory provides freeze protection down to
Inspect for proper operation, secure electrical connections, and
air supply as appropriate. See the Service Manual for details.
194
For cooling system capacities, coolant part numbers, and
other information refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE
INTERVALS AND SPECIFICATIONS of this manual.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
Start cold engine and view fan to see that it is rotating slower
than the fan pulley (fan clutch is disengaged). Achieve operating
temperature and observe that the fan is engaged.
Fuel System
GOVERNMENT REGULATION: Diesel fuel sold for
use in 2007 and later highway vehicles must be limited
to a sulfur content of 15 parts per million (ppm).
Frequently inspect condition of fuel tanks and mounting
hardware, fuel tank cap and vent, fuel lines, clips and routing.
At every PM (or daily if necessary) drain water and sediment
from the fuel/water separator filter (if equipped). If the vehicle is
equipped with an optional Davco® fuel/water separator, inspect
the level of the fuel in the see-through globe and replace the
fuel/water separator filter element if the fuel level has reached
the top of the globe. In all cases, be sure to use the proper
fuel/water separator filter element with the correct part number
and filter efficiency rating.
Fuel Tank Draining and Cleaning
Periodically (annually is recommended) drain water and
sediment from the fuel tank via the drain plug on the bottom of
the fuel tank. Drain and flush sediment from fuel tank at least
every 12 months or more frequently if fuel quality or type of fuel
dictates.
3878859R2
Since Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) fuel tends to absorb
more water and engines are operating at higher temperatures,
microbe growth in the fuel tanks has become more prevalent.
Microbe growth results in more contaminants in the fuel and
reduces fuel filter life. Since fuel tank draining does not remove
all microbes, fuel tank draining alone will not eliminate the
problem. For vehicle operators experiencing microbe growth in
their fuel, the following is recommended:
1. Drain and clean the fuel tank(s) every 12 months or
more often. Clean the tanks with a professional fuel tank
cleaning system (available through your dealer) or have
your local dealer perform the service for you.
2. Treat your vehicle fuel tanks and bulk tanks regularly
with a biocide from a reputable vendor.
3. Purchase fuel only from vendors that pretreat their fuel
with biocides.
4. Periodically test the fuel supplied by your fuel vendor for
the presence of microbes.
Crankcase Ventilation Filter
Refer to the Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual for the
proper replacement interval and instructions.
Frame
International® chassis are manufactured with frame rails of
HSLA steel and each must be handled in a specific manner to
assure maximum service life. Before attempting frame repair or
modification, consult the Service Manual or your International®
Truck Dealer.
195
Maintenance Instructions
Noise Emissions – Exterior
Engine Noise Shields/Blankets
Instructions for Proper Maintenance
•
In order to comply with federal exterior noise regulations, your
vehicle may be equipped with noise emission items. Depending
upon the vehicle configuration, it may incorporate all or some of
the following:
Exhaust System
•
Inspect for leaks at various joint connections and tighten
clamps. Make visual inspection for cracks or holes in
muffler and tailpipe. Always replace with manufacturer’s
recommended parts.
Tailpipe elbow or offset tailpipe
orientation must not be changed from standard position as
originally received.
•
To avoid abnormal changes in vehicle sound level, it
is necessary for the owner to perform inspections and
necessary maintenance at the intervals shown in the
maintenance schedules, and record them on the inspection
verification form provided.
Air Intake System
•
Air Cleaner – should be inspected and its location should
not be altered. Do not alter inlet and outlet piping.
Body
•
Wheel Well – splash shields, cab shields, and underhood
insulation should be inspected for deterioration, dislocation,
and orientation and repaired or replaced as necessary.
Cooling System
•
Check fan for damage to blades. Replace, if damaged,
with manufacturer’s recommended parts.
Inspect for
fan-to-shroud interference and any damage to shroud, such
as cracks and holes.
•
Fan speed ratio should not be changed and fan spacer
dimensions and position should not be altered.
•
Inspect for proper operation of fan clutch, making sure that
the fan is disengaged when cooling of engine is not required.
196
Engine valve covers, oil pans, and block covers are made to
damp out engine mechanical noise and, if needed, should
be replaced with original equipment parts.
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
Regeneration
Collected soot particles in the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
are automatically burned off through normal regeneration
(initiated by normal exhaust heat during the normal operation of
the vehicle). If conditions for normal regeneration cannot
be achieved, it may be necessary to perform a parked
regeneration as indicated by the instrument panel gauge
cluster warning indicators. See the Parked Regeneration
Procedure in SECTION 6 — OPERATION.
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Maintenance Instructions
Cleaning
NOTE: Suspension alignment must be maintained at all times.
If on-vehicle regeneration is unsuccessful at removing soot from
the DPF, the DPF may need to be removed from the vehicle and
be cleaned with the appropriate machinery and processes.
NOTE: Refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS
AND SPECIFICATIONS for proper U-bolt torque values.
Ash residue in the DPF comes primarily from fuel and oil
additives and will not burn or pass through the DPF. Ash residue
accumulates very slowly in the DPF, but must eventually be
removed to prevent excessive exhaust backpressure. If the DPF
needs to have nonregenerable soot or the ash residue removed,
please take the vehicle to an International dealer.
Periodically:
•
Check condition of spring leaves for evidence of fatigue,
bending or breakage.
•
Check condition of suspension mounting brackets and
bushings.
•
Check that suspension mounts (brackets,
fasteners, etc.) are tight.
•
Check that torque rod mounting fasteners are tight.
•
Check U-bolts as follows:
Drive Shafts
At the regular lubrication interval, check universal joints, slip
joints, slip joint boot, and carrier bearings for any evidence of
wear or looseness. Should drive shaft vibrations occur, stop the
vehicle immediately to avoid possible hazardous consequences
or damage to other components.
Suspension (Air and Steel Springs)
CAUTION
Do not adjust air suspension height to any setting
other than the specified setting. Altering the
height setting will change the driveline angle and
may result in unwarrantable component damage,
such as transmission component damage.
Verify drive axle air suspension height at engine oil change
intervals. See the appropriate Service Manual.
3878859R2
bushings,
1. After the chassis has been operating under load for
1,000 miles (1,600 km) or six months, whichever
comes first, the U-bolt nuts must be re-torqued.
2. Thereafter, the U-bolt nuts must be re-torqued
every 36,000 miles (58,000 km). Re-torque interval
may be lowered to 25,000 miles (46,000 km) to
synchronize with oil change interval.
Front Suspension
The front suspension should be regularly inspected for loose,
worn, or broken components. Front suspensions/axles should
be checked periodically for proper alignment to promote
maximum tire life.
197
Maintenance Instructions
On vehicles equipped with the optional front air suspension, the
air suspension components, including air bags, height control
valves, ail lines, and fittings should be inspected for wear,
damage, and audible air leaks
Rear Suspension
The rear suspension should be regularly inspected for loose,
worn, or broken components. Rear suspensions/axles should
be checked periodically for proper alignment to promote
maximum tire life. The optional International® Truck Ride
Optimized Suspension (IROS) components, including air bags,
height control valves, air lines, and fittings should be inspected
for wear, damage, and audible air leaks.
Steering
Have a technician examine the steering mechanism.
adjustments could head off further problems.
Minor
Check tie rod ends, drag link ends and king pins. Joints
and fasteners must be tight. Articulating joints must be well
lubricated.
Check for installation and spread of cotter pins and tightness of
nuts at both ends of tie rod and drag link.
Check that pitman arm (steering arm at steering gear) mounting
is tight and locked. Check system for leaks or hose chafing.
Maintain proper power steering fluid levels.
Regularly inspect steering column joint bolts and steering
linkage, particularly for body-to-chassis clearance.
NOTE: Have any steering problems corrected at once by a
qualified service technician.
General Information
Tightening Steering Intermediate Shaft Joint Bolts
WARNING
Always follow recommended procedures for
steering system maintenance. Failure to maintain
the steering system in proper condition can
cause reduced steering ability resulting in
property damage, personal injury, or death.
198
As a good maintenance practice, it is recommended that
steering intermediate shaft joint bolts be checked for tightness
every 120,000 miles (193,000 km) or annually, whichever occurs
first.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
Lubrication Points
The power steering fluid filter is located inside the power steering
reservoir. To remove the filter, unscrew the large cap on the
power steering reservoir and unscrew the filter. Reverse the
procedure to install the new filter.
With time, the large square-cut reservoir cap O-ring seal may
shrink slightly. To assist in reinstallation of the cap, the O-ring
may need to be stretched. To stretch the O-ring, pull on it while
pinching it between your thumb and finger. It must be large
enough to stay completely in the shallow groove in the top edge
of the reservoir prior to cap installation. Replace cracked or
damaged O-rings.
Refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND
SPECIFICATIONS for the fluid and filter replacement intervals.
Tires
Tire Warnings
The steering shaft is lubricated at the three points shown in
the illustration above. For the correct maintenance interval,
refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND
SPECIFICATIONS.
Power Steering
Whenever the power steering system has been drained and
refilled for any reason, air must be bled from the system before
returning the vehicle to service. Failure to properly bleed the
hydraulic system can result in degradation of power system
performance.
WARNING
Due to tire manufacturers re-marking tires to
conform to the SI (metric) system, tires marked
with old and new loads or inflation pressures
could be placed on the same vehicle. For field
maintenance, only inflate and load tires to the
maximum of the least-rated tire on the axle.
Failure to adhere to this warning could possibly
result in tire malfunction, damage to your vehicle,
personal injury, or death.
Consult your International® Truck dealer who is aware of the
proper procedures for filling and bleeding the system.
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Maintenance Instructions
WARNING
Always maintain your tires in good condition.
Frequently check and maintain correct inflation
pressures as specified by tire manufacturers.
Inspect periodically for abnormal wear patterns
and repair/replace cut or broken tire casing.
Always use experienced, trained personnel with
proper equipment and correct procedures to
mount or remove tires and wheels. Failure to
adhere to these warnings could result in wheel
or tire malfunction, damage to your vehicle,
personal injury, or death.
200
WARNING
To prevent personal injury or death, always
follow these instructions when mounting tires on
wheels:
•
Only personnel who have had proper training and
experience should mount or remove tires from rims or
wheels.
•
Use only heavy-duty rims or approved rims for radial
tires. It may be necessary to contact your wheel and
rim distributor to determine if your rims are approved
for radial tires.
•
If a tube is to be used, make sure special radial tire
tubes are used because of the increased flexing of the
sidewalls on radial tires.
•
Never use antifreeze, silicones, or petroleum-based
lubricants when mounting radial tires.
Only an
approved lubricant should be used as an aid for
mounting tires.
•
Always inflate tires in a safety cage.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
WARNING
•
Do not mix stud-piloted wheels or fasteners with
hub-piloted wheels or fasteners. Premature wheel
failure can result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
•
Do not change from steel wheels or a steel inner
and aluminum outer wheel combination to aluminum
wheels without changing the mounting hardware since
the thicker aluminum wheels require longer studs.
In some cases with flange nut mounting systems,
changing the hub and stud assembly may be required.
Improperly mixing components could cause wheel
or fastener failures and result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
WARNING
Do not mount tube-type tires on tubeless wheels
or tubeless tires on tube-type wheels. To do so
could result in tire or wheel failure and cause
property damage, personal injury, or death.
Tire Maintenance
Preserving proper inflation pressure is a very important
maintenance practice to ensure safe vehicle operation and long
life for the tires.
Failure to maintain correct inflation pressure may result in
sudden tire destruction, improper vehicle handling, and may
cause rapid and irregular tire wear.
Therefore, inflation
3878859R2
pressures should be checked daily and always before
long-distance trips.
Follow the tire manufacturer’s recommended cold inflation
pressure for the tire size, type, load range (ply rating), and axle
loading typical for your operation. (Each steer axle tire load will
equal 1/2 steer axle loading; each drive tire load will be 1/4 the
axle loading, if fitted with four tires.)
Checking Inflation
Always check inflation pressure when tires are cold. Never bleed
air from hot tires to relieve normal pressure buildup. Normal
increases in pressure during operation will be 10 to 15 psi (69
to 103 kPa), which is allowable in truck tires. Tires on the same
axle should have the same air pressure as the corresponding
other tire(s) on that axle. Steer tires should be within a 3 psi (21
kPa) pressure range. All drive tires should be within a 5 psi (34
kPa) pressure range. Tag or pusher axle tires on the same axle
should be within a 5 psi (34 kPa) pressure range.
To minimize rim corrosion, it is particularly important to keep
moisture from the inside of tires and proper selection of air
compressor equipment, proper air line routing, and the use of
shop air dryers is strongly recommended to avoid moisture in
the high-pressure air used for tire inflation.
Underinflation
Tires should not be allowed to become underinflated. Increased
flexing due to underinflation causes heat buildup within the
tire components. This leads to reduced strength, breakdown
of the rubber compounds and possible separation of the
201
Maintenance Instructions
tire components (i.e., ply and tread separation and reduced
retreadability).
Underinflation is also the primary cause of blowouts. In addition,
low inflation causes an increase in rolling resistance. This results
in reduced fuel mileage, a loss in tread life, and uneven wear
due to increased tread movement. To determine proper inflation,
refer to the tire inflation range stated on the tire sidewall and the
tire manufacturer’s tire load-pressure charts.
SmartWave® Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
CAUTION
SmartWave® tire sensors can be broken when
mounting and dismounting a tire unless specific
instructions are followed. If tire work is done
by a non SmartWave® authorized facility, please
let them know that a tire pressure monitoring
system is installed on the vehicle before
they remove a tire from a wheel.
Refer to
http://www.smartire.com/support/manuals
for
complete owner’s manual.
The optional SmartWave® Tire Pressure Monitoring System
(TPMS) warns the driver that tire pressure is below set pressure.
Air pressure sensors are installed on the inner rim of each wheel.
The standard user interface is a round display located in the
center dash panel. If the vehicle is equipped with the optional
Electronic Vehicle Monitoring Driver Information Display (DID),
202
the DID will act as the user interface and the round SmartWave®
display is not provided. Refer to the Driver Information Display
operator reference card, supplied in the vehicle, for product
information.
Inspection
Check condition of tires for abnormal wear patterns and proper
inflation pressures. Cut or broken tire casings must be repaired
or replaced.
Tires should be inspected for the following conditions. If any are
present, the tire should be removed and repaired, retreaded, or
scrapped as the condition indicates.
•
Any blister, bump, or raised portion anywhere on the surface
of the tire tread or sidewall (other than a bump made by a
repair). These indicate the start of internal separation.
•
Any cut that reaches to the belt or ply cords or any cut that
is large enough to grow in size and depth.
•
Any nail or puncturing object.
•
If any stone or object is held by a tread groove and is starting
to drill into the tread base, remove the object.
Proper tire inflation, toe-in adjustment, loads, and road
speeds are important factors governing tire life, steering
ease, maneuverability, fuel economy, and ride quality.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
Dual Tires Mixing
Loads
WARNING
Loading tires beyond their rated capacity
decreases tire life requiring more frequent
replacement of tires. Overloading creates an
unsafe condition that may result in sudden air
loss from a tire failure resulting in an accident
that could cause property damage, personal
injury, or death.
NOTE: The load rating of the tires installed on your vehicle at
the time of your vehicle’s production is at or in excess of the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) generally found on a label
on the B-pillar of your vehicle. When replacing tires, be sure
that the replacement tire load rating (listed separately in pounds
and kilograms on the tire sidewall for single or dual applications)
multiplied by the number of tires on that axle is equal to or higher
than the specific listed Steer Axle or Drive Axle GAWR. Failure
to do so will adversely affect maximum load-carrying capacity.
Tires with the same size specification do not always have the
same load specification.
Dual Tires Matching
Dual tires should be matched using tires of equivalent size. Tires
which differ more than 1/4 inch (6 mm) in diameter or 3/4 inch
(19 mm) in circumference should not be mounted on the same
dual wheel assembly.
3878859R2
NOTE: Never mix bias and radial tires on this vehicle.
It is recommended for best overall performance that only radial
tires be used on this vehicle.
Never mix different tire sizes or constructions on the same axle.
Rotation
•
Steer tires that have developed some type of irregular wear
pattern can be rotated to drive axles if rib tires are being
used on all wheel positions. Applying steer tires to a drive
position will often wear off the irregularities and they can be
moved back to the steer axles or run out to retread stage on
the rear axle.
•
Another rotation possibility for fleets with rib tires in all wheel
positions is to break in the new steer tires in the drive axle
positions, then move them to steer axles. This will wear away
tread rubber relatively quick in the early life of a tire when it
is most likely to develop an unusual wear pattern.
•
Drive axle tires may be placed on the other end of the same
axle so that direction of rotation is reversed. This is often
helpful if a heel and toe or alternate wheel nut wear pattern
has developed.
Rotation Is Advisable
1. If front (steering) axle tires become irregularly worn,
move to rear position.
203
Maintenance Instructions
2. In a dual assembly, reverse the position of the tires if one
tire wears much faster than its mate.
3. On the drive axle, if heel and toe wear or alternate wheel
nut wear occurs, rotating the tires from one end of the
axle to the other end of the axle may help even out this
wear.
Tire Replacement
Wheel and Tire Balancing
Out-of-round or out-of-balance wheels or tires can cause vehicle
vibration and bounce, and shimmy. Replace damaged or
out-of-round wheels. Out-of-round tires and wheel assemblies
can be corrected by rechecking the tire relative to the wheel.
The tire and wheel assembly should thereafter be dynamically
balanced and reinspected while spinning for an out of round
condition.
NOTE: Retread tires are not recommended for use on steering
axles of trucks.
Wear
•
Radial tires can exhibit three types of normal wear patterns,
even, erosion, or chamfer.
•
Front (Steering) Axle - Tires must be removed when tread
is worn to 4/32 inch (3 mm) or less. Retread or rotate worn
tires to drive position.
Rear Axles - Tires must be removed when tread is worn to
2/32 inch (2 mm).
If rib tire is used on front axle and lug- or off-road-type on
rear axle positions:
•
Front (Steering) Axle - Replace tires at front wheels when
tread is worn to 4/32 inch (3 mm) or less.
•
Rear Axles - Tires must be removed when the tread is worn
to 2/32 inch (2 mm) or less. Tires identified with the word
regroovable molded on the sidewall can be regrooved. A
minimum of 3/32 (2.38 mm) of undertread must be left at the
bottom of the grooves.
204
Even Wear is a sign that the tire is being properly used and
maintained.
Erosion Wear has also been called rolling wear, channel, or
river wear. Erosion wear is found more often at free rolling tires.
This is an indication that the tire is being used in a slow wearing
operation. What happens is that the belt plies are held very rigid
and the tread is not allowed to distort as it passes through the
contact area. Wear will only occur at the edge of the tread. No
corrective action required. If erosion gets to be 1/16 inch (2 mm)
or more, the tire may be rotated to a drive axle.
Chamfer or Shoulder Wear, with tires inflated properly, is a
normal tendency of most radial tire designs. If both inside and
outside shoulders are wearing evenly around the tire, no further
action is required. Overinflation is not effective in correcting this
effect.
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
Irregular Wear
Wheels
If irregular wear is present, check the axle alignment, tire
pressure, wheel balance, shock and suspension component
condition, and wheel bearing end play.
Wheel and Wheel Nut Maintenance and Installation
WARNING
This condition not only shortens tire life, but will adversely affect
the handling of your vehicle.
Rotating tires from one wheel position to another is a way often
used to even out many types of irregular wear or to avoid it
altogether. See Tires – Rotation for more information. Some
of the more effective tire rotation programs are:
To prevent personal injury or death, always
follow these instructions when mounting tires on
wheels:
•
Only personnel that have had proper training and
experience should mount or remove tires from rims or
wheels.
•
Use only heavy-duty rims or approved rims for radial
tires. It may be necessary to contact your wheel and
rim distributor to determine if your rims are approved
for radial tires.
•
If a tube is to be used, make sure special radial tire
tubes are used because of the increased flexing of the
sidewalls on radial tires.
•
Never use antifreeze, silicones, or petroleum based
lubricants when mounting radial tires.
Only an
approved lubricant should be used as an aid for
mounting tires.
•
Always inflate tires in a safety cage.
Irregular wear can be minimized by:
•
Using the right inflation pressure for the load being carried.
•
Maintaining proper front wheel alignment - especially toe-in
- to specifications.
•
Maintaining proper tire and wheel balance.
•
Maintaining shock absorbers and suspension components.
•
Maintain proper wheel bearing adjustment .
Use of Tire Chains
Refer to chain manufacturer’s recommendation for correct tire
chain usage, installation, and removal.
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205
Maintenance Instructions
WARNING
•
Do not mix stud piloted wheels or fasteners with hub
piloted wheels or fasteners. Premature wheel failure
can result in property damage, personal injury, or death.
•
Do not mix foreign (not made in North America) wheel
mounting parts with domestic (made in North America)
parts. Many foreign wheel components look similar
to, but are not exactly the same as domestic made
components. Mixing components can cause wheel
or fastener failures and result in property damage,
personal injury, or death.
•
Do not change from aluminum wheels to steel wheels, or
vice-versa, without changing the mounting hardware.
In some cases with flange nut mounting systems,
changing the hub and stud assembly may be required.
Mixing components could cause wheel or fastener
failures and result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
WARNING
When installing the tire and rim assembly on disc
- brake equipped axles, make sure the tire valve
stem clears the brake caliper. The use of either
an International® truck valve stem retainer or a
tire manufacturer’s stem forming tool is the only
acceptable method of obtaining clearance when
necessary. Failure to obtain proper clearance
may result in rapid tire deflation and cause
property damage, personal injury, or death.
206
Wheel Nut Torque Maintenance
Tighten and maintain wheel and rim mounting nuts to the proper
torque. Loose nuts or overtightened nuts can lead to premature
wear and possible failure of the wheel, rim, and/or mounting
hardware.
Hub-Piloted Wheel Installation Procedures
WARNING
Use only the same type and style wheels and
mounting hardware to replace original parts.
Failure to do so may result in an assembly, which
looks fine, but does not fit together properly. This
could cause wheel or fastener failures and result
in property damage, personal injury, or death.
Out-of-round tires and wheel assemblies can sometimes be
corrected by reclocking the tire relative to the wheel.
Tightening procedure for disc wheels with flange nuts
(hub-piloted).
1. Clean the mating surfaces of the hub, drum, and wheel(s)
as well as the wheel studs and wheel nuts with a wire brush
prior to assembly.
2. Lubricate, the two-piece wheel nuts by putting two drops
of oil in the slot between the nut and washer and spin the
washer to spread the oil around the nut-to-washer contact
surface.
3. Carefully lubricate the wheel stud threads by wiping them
with a freshly oiled cloth. Do not get the oil on any
3878859R2
Maintenance Instructions
other surfaces or the wheel clamping effectiveness will be
reduced!
4. To prevent aluminum wheels from getting stuck on the hub
due to corrosion, apply a thin coat of antiseize compound
or disc brake corrosion control grease to the hub pilot pads
only.
5. Slide the inner wheel (if duals) or steer wheel over the wheel
studs and onto the pilot pads of the hub. Care must be taken
to avoid damage to the stud threads while positioning the
wheel. Ensure that the wheel is resting on the pilot pads
and is against the brake drum.
6. Hand-start all wheel nuts to avoid cross-threading.
1. Flange Nut Mount – 8 Stud
7. Starting with the nut at the 12:00 o’clock position and using
the appropriate star or crisscross pattern (see wheel nuts
torque sequence diagram), run the wheel nuts down the
wheel studs with an impact wrench until they are snug
against the wheel. The purpose of this step is to snug the
wheel(s) in the correct position, not to apply the final torque.
The tightening of each nut should be stopped immediately
when the wheel is contacted, resulting in a wheel nut torque
well below the final specified torque.
2. Flange Nut Mount – 10 Stud
8. Use a calibrated torque wrench to apply the specified torque
to each wheel nut in the sequence specified in the wheel
nuts torque sequence diagram above. Refer to SECTION
8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND SPECIFICATIONS
for proper torque values.
3878859R2
9. All wheels undergo a process called joint settling when
placed in service after a wheel installation has been
performed. This process results in a reduction in the torque
on the wheel nuts. To correct this condition, operate the
vehicle normally for approximately 50 miles (80 km), then
use a calibrated torque wrench to retorque the wheel nuts
to specification using the appropriate pattern shown in the
wheel nuts torque sequence diagram.
10. As part of a daily pretrip inspection, look for loose or missing
wheel nuts. Also look for rust streaks extending outward
from the wheel nuts; this can be an indicator that one or
more wheel nuts are loose, even if they cannot be turned
by hand. Normal periodic maintenance should also include
checking the wheel nut torque with a torque wrench.
207
Maintenance Instructions
Transmission
Check lubricant level. With the vehicle on level ground, verify
that transmission lubricant level is even with the bottom of the
inspection plug in the side of the transmission. Check shifter for
proper operation.
•
Check operation of transmission neutral safety switch. Try
to start the vehicle in all shift selector positions other than
neutral. The starter should ONLY operate when the shift
selector is in Neutral.
•
Refer to SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND
SPECIFICATIONS for information on transmission fluids
and fluid change intervals.
208
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
SECTION 8 — MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND SPECIFICATIONS
Lubrication and Maintenance Intervals
All new vehicles are factory-lubricated. Once the vehicle is
in operation, regular lubrication and maintenance intervals
(based on the type of service and road conditions) must be
established and performed. Load weight, vehicle speed, road
conditions, and weather conditions all contribute to lubrication
frequency. Performing thorough lubrication and maintenance
at the specified intervals will ensure an outstanding vehicle life
and will reduce overall operating expense.
The LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE INTERVAL CHART
contains an extensive list of components and systems. Listed
items and systems must be regularly inspected, serviced,
and/or replaced to maximize vehicle availability and minimize
unexpected failures. Recommended synchronized intervals are
shown for each item. This chart can serve as a convenient
one-stop reference to research most maintenance needs.
Only lubricants of superior quality, such as Fleetrite® lubricants,
should be used. The use of inferior products will reduce the
service life of the vehicle or result in failure of its components.
International Truck recommends the use of Fleetrite® lubricants
for optimum performance.
Maintenance Intervals
These intervals may be expressed in miles (kilometers), hours
of operation, and/or months of operation. It is important to note
that in high duty cycle types of operation and/or where operating
conditions are extremely severe (such as in deep water, mud or
unusually dusty conditions), the vehicle may require lubrication
much more frequently than specified in this manual.
The synchronized “A” and “B” service intervals are designed to
coordinate maintenance activities and to provide the appropriate
levels for servicing components. Following the service intervals
minimizes the number of times per year that the vehicle must
be brought into the shop. In addition to the “A” and “B” service
intervals, the “Special” Service Interval column is provided
for items that need infrequent servicing. In most cases,
these service intervals represent the recommended maximum
intervals. For some components, however, the manufacturer’s
recommended maintenance intervals may have been shortened
to allow synchronization with other maintenance tasks.
The maintainer may wish to synchronize engine related items
with other lubrication/maintenance intervals in order to reduce
downtime, even though the recommended intervals in the Engine
Operation and Maintenance Manual may be longer. Engine
Operation and Maintenance Manual maximum intervals
(based on the actual operating conditions specified in that
manual) must never be exceeded.
Maintenance intervals provided in this manual are for normal
highway and environmental service conditions.
3878859R2
209
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval Chart Symbols Key
Symbol
A
B
SPECIAL
Interval Definition
EVERY 25,000 miles (40,000 km)/600 hours/3
Months
EVERY 50,000 miles (80,000 km)/1,200 hours/6
Months
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval Chart Notes
NOTE 1: A hand-pumped grease gun should be used for optimal
grease distribution within the component joint.
NOTE 2: Kingpin thrust bearings must be lubricated through the
lower kingpin grease zerk with the vehicle weight on the tires.
Kingpin bushings must be lubricated through the upper and lower
kingpin grease zerks with the vehicle weight off of the tires.
INTERVAL AS SPECIFIED.
NOTE 3: Certain services are performed at Special Intervals or in
addition to A or B Service when the interval dictates.
210
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended Synchronized Intervals
System
Item
Intervals
Pre-Trip
Inspection
Pre-trip Inspection Items listed in SECTION 3 –
INSPECTION GUIDE
Front Axle
Wheel Bearing-Oil Type – Check Level
A, B
Suspension Fasteners / Components – Check
A, B
Tie Rod Ends – Lubricate (NOTE 1)
A, B
Drag Link Ends – Lubricate (NOTE 1)
A, B
King Pins and Bushings – Lubricate (NOTE 1 and NOTE 2)
A, B
Shock Absorbers – Inspect
A, B
B
Air Suspension (if equipped) – Check Ride Height (See
Service Manual)
B
Wheel Bearing Oil (including synthetic) – Change
Axle Shocks (NOTE 3)
3878859R2
DAILY
Wheel Bearings – Check End-play
Axle U-bolts – Retorque (NOTE 3)
Special Interval (3) : miles (km) / hours / months
At first 1,000 miles (1,600 km), then every
36,000 miles (58,000 km) thereafter
100,000 miles (160,000 km)/–/12 months
300,000 miles (480,000 km)
211
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended Synchronized Intervals (cont.)
System
Rear Axle
Item
Intervals
Suspension Fasteners / Components – Check
A, B
Rear Axle Lubricant – Level Checks
A, B
Axle Flange Nuts – Retorque
B
Air Suspension (if equipped) – Check Ride Height (See
Service Manual)
B
Axle U-bolts – Retorque (NOTE 3)
Special Interval (3) : miles (km) / hours / months
At first 1,000 miles (1,600 km) then every 36,000
miles (58,000 km) thereafter.
Rear Axle with Petroleum Oil – Change
100,000(160,000)/–/12
Rear Axle Wheel Ends – Inspect for leaks, lube
level/condition, and check end play with dial indicator.
100,000(160,000)/–/12 Also at brake lining service.
If wheel end play is found to be outside the 0.001
in. to 0.005 in. specification, or lube condition is
contaminated or low, then perform a full wheel end tear
down. Inspect bearings, spindle, and spindle nuts for
excessive wear and replace as necessary.
Rear Axle with Synthetic Oil – Change
Dana – 250,000(400,000 km)/–/36
Meritor – 500,000(800,000)/–/48
Rear Axle Wheel Ends – Full tear down inspection of all
wheel end components, regardless of condition of lube and
wheel bearing end play.
Electrical
Engine Start and Gauge/Warning Indicators – Check
A, B
Instrument Readings Proper – Check
A, B
ABS Wiring Connections & Sensors – Reseat
A, B
Alternator-Starter-Battery – Check
212
500,000 miles (800,000 km)/–/5 Years
B
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended Synchronized Intervals (cont.)
System
Steering
Item
Intervals
Power Steering Fluid – Check Level
A, B
Steering System – Check Tightness
A, B
Steering Gear – Lubricate dust seal (if applicable)
A, B
Steering Intermediate Shaft U-Joints/Slip Joint – Lubricate
Drive Shaft
3878859R2
ATTN: Install grease slowly, with hand pump,
at low pressure. Power grease guns may
blow out dust seal.
A, B
Steering Intermediate Shaft Joint Bolts – Check Tightness
120,000 miles (193,000 km)
Power Steering Fluid – Change
100,000 miles (160,000 km)
Power Steering Filter – Replace
500,000 miles (800,000 km)
Standard U-Joints and Slip Joint (identified by non-booted
slip joint) – Lubricate (NOTE 3)
15,000 miles (24,000 km)/—/3 months
Optional SPL XL U-Joint – Lubricate
Air Brakes
Special Interval (3) : miles (km) / hours / months
350,000 miles (560,000 km) first lube, 100,000
miles (160,000 km) thereafter
Service Brakes Operation – Check
A, B
Parking Brakes Operation – Check
A, B
Governor Cut-in/Cut-out Pressure – Check
A, B
Brake S-Cam Bushing and Slack Adjusters – Lubricate
A, B
Air Primary and Secondary Tanks – Drain Water
A, B
Shoes-Check for Wear and Drag
A, B
Drums, Chambers, Hoses, etc. – Check for wear/damage
A, B
Brake Chamber Rod Travel – Check
A, B
Air Dryer Heater & Purge Valve – Check
A, B
213
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended Synchronized Intervals (cont.)
System
Air Brakes
(Cont.)
Item
Air Compressor Discharge Line – Check for Blockage
Intervals
Special Interval (3) : miles (km) / hours / months
A, B
Brake Shoes (NOTE 3)
As Required
Air Dryer Desiccant – Replace (NOTE 3)
AD–9 Model: 250,000 miles (400,000 km)/–/24
Other Models: 125,000 miles (200,000 km)/-/12
Cooling
System
Coolant – Check Level
A, B
Radiator & CAC Fins – Check for Blockage
A, B
Coolant Concentration – Inspection/Adjustment
A, B
Fan Clutch – Check
A, B
Fan Blade / Shroud – Check Damage/Contact
A, B
Coolant Additive
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
Extended Life Coolant – Replace
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
Cooling Package External Cleaning (NOTE 3)
Annually
Coolant Filter (if equipped) – Replace
Engine
(See Engine
Operation and
Maintenance
Manual for
complete
maintenance
guide)
214
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
Engine Oil Level – Check
A, B
Engine Belts and Belt Tensioner - Inspect (Replace if
significantly deteriorated)
A, B
Air Induction System – Check for Looseness/Leaks
A, B
Engine Oil and Oil Filter(s) – Replace
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
On-Engine Fuel Filter
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
Engine Air Filter – Replace (NOTE 3)
As required by restriction gauge reading/–/1 year
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended Synchronized Intervals (cont.)
System
Fuel System
Item
Intervals
Fuel Sender, Hose Connections – Check for Loose
Connectors
A, B
Fuel/ Water Separator – Drain Water/Dirt
A, B
Non-Davco Fuel/Water Separator Filter – Replace
A, B
Davco Fuel/Water Separator Filter – Replace
Pipes / Muffler - Inspect for Leakage/Looseness/Damaged
Insulation
100,000 miles (160,000 km)/–/12
A, B
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Cleaning
As required by dash warning indicator.
Hydraulic
Clutch
Release Bearing/Shafts/Fork – Lubricate
A, B
Transmission
Transmission Fluid – Check Level
A, B
Shift Selector / Linkage – Check Function
A, B
Neutral Start Switch – Check Function
A, B
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid – Drain and Refill
200,000 miles (322,000 km)/–/2 years
Transmission Fluid (Synthetic) – Replace (NOTE 3)
500,000 miles (800,000 km) /–/5 years
Transmission Filter – Replace
Transmission Fluid (Mineral) – Replace
Tires/Wheels
3878859R2
Refer to Transmission Manual
B
Wear and Condition – Check
A, B
Wheel Stud Nuts – Retorque
A, B
Spin Balance (NOTE 3)
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
Fuel Tank(s) – Drain and flush (NOTE 3)
Exhaust
System
Special Interval (3) : miles (km) / hours / months
Refer to Transmission Manual
At time of tire mounting and as required
215
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended Synchronized Intervals (cont.)
System
Cab
Components
Item
Intervals
Door Hinges/Latches/Strikers – Lubricate, Check Link (Use
Multi-purpose lithium grease or light engine oil. Do Not
use silicone lubricant).
A, B
Windshield Wipers – Inspect
A, B
Door Lock Cylinders – Lubricate
A, B
Windshield Wipers – Replace
12 months or as required.
Seat Adjuster Slides – Lubricate (NOTE 3)
HVAC Filters
100,000 miles (160,000 km)
Cowl HVAC Filter – Replace or Clean
As required
Sleeper HVAC Filter – Replace or Clean
Tires
Tire Pressure Check/Tire Wear Check
Special Interval (3) : miles (km) / hours / months
50,000 miles (80,000 km)
Daily, A, B
Low Air Pressure Warning Alarm – Check
A, B
216
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubrication and Fluids Charts
Fluid Check and Fill Notes
NOTE: The components requiring lubrication and fluid check and
fill diagrams are typical representations.
CAUTION
Use only recommended viscosity engine oil.
Refer to the Engine Operation and Maintenance
Manual for engine oil specifications.
Lubrication Notes
CAUTION
Unapproved lubricants can cause premature
component failure. Refer to the Lubricants and
Sealer Specification table for proper lubricants.
•
•
Wipe clean all dirt and debris from grease fittings before
applying grease. If the fitting is not cleaned, dirt can be
pushed into the component with the grease. Always fill
grease to the point where old grease and contaminants are
forced out from the part and only new grease comes out. If a
fitting does not accept lubrication due to damage or internal
stoppage, replace with a new fitting. Remove excess grease
from fittings and other surfaces after applying grease.
Some vehicles may have optional remote mounted grease
zerks for the clutch cross-shafts. These fittings reduce
service time by providing convenient access to clutch
cross-shaft bushing grease zerks. Grease may be applied
through two remote mounted grease zerks mounted to the
bottom of the transmission bell housing.
3878859R2
•
Wait five minutes after shutting off the engine before
checking the oil level. This gives the oil time to drain back
to the oil pan.
•
Clean all caps and fill plugs prior to removal to prevent dirt
and debris from entering system.
•
Filling the power steering fluid above the MAX COLD mark
when cold will result in fluid overflow when hot.
•
If engine is cold and coolant is above the MIN/ADD line, no
additional coolant is needed. Excessive filling when cold can
cause tank to overflow when hot.
•
When checking the axle hub fluid level, maintain fluid level
to fill line on hubcap.
•
Check the rear axle(s) vent for blockage. Blockage can
cause excessive pressure in the axle and create leaks.
217
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Components Requiring Lubrication
218
1. Steering Gear
6. Steering Drag Link Ends
2. Steering Intermediate Shaft
7. Clutch Cross Shafts and Release Bearing
3. Front S-Cams and Slack Adjusters
8. Drive Shaft U-joints and Slip Joint
4. King Pin Bushings and Thrust Bearings
9. Rear S-Cams and Slack Adjusters
5. Tie Rod Ends
10. Fifth Wheel Pivot Points and Top Plate
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Components Requiring Fluid Check and Fill
1. Engine Oil Dipstick
5. Windshield Washer Fluid Bottle
2. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
6. Front Axle Oil-Filled Hubs
3. Engine Oil Fill Tube
7. Transmission Oil Fill/Level Check Plug
4. Coolant Surge Tank
8. Drive Axle Oil Fill/Level Check Plug
3878859R2
219
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Unit Refill Capacities
Crankcase and Oil Filters
Cooling System Refill Capacities
For specific engine crankcase capacities, refer to separate
Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual provided with
vehicle.
Cooling system refill capacities vary considerably due to
differences in engine models and optional equipment (including
sleeper heater circuit), in addition to the amount of coolant
remaining in the system after draining. Total capacity may range
from 12 to 15 gallons (45 to 57 Liters). If system has been
drained, fill with a 50/50 mixture of Nitrite-free Shell Rotella®
Ultra Extended Life Coolant (ELC) (yellow) concentrate and
demineralized or distilled water, or Nitrite-free Shell Rotella®
Ultra ELC 50/50 Premix (yellow). If the system has been flushed
with water or cleaner, a significant amount of the rinse water
will remain in the system. In this case refilling with a mixture
with a higher percentage (60 to 66%) of coolant concentrate
is advised in order to achieve a final mixture closer to 50/50.
Fill the system and run the vehicle until the thermostat opens.
Before adding any fluid, check the coolant concentration and
add additional water or concentrated undiluted coolant to adjust
the concentration. Run the vehicle and retest for coolant volume
level (set to “MAX” line) and concentration level.
220
Hydraulic Clutch System
Description
Fl-Oz
Liters
Reservoir Capacity
8.45
.25
System Capacity
16.6
.49
NOTE: Use only approved DOT 3 or DOT 4 brake fluid.
Power Steering Systems
Gear
Power Steering Fluid Volume
(pints / liters)
TRW PCF60 Steering Gear
8.4 / 3.9
Sheppard HD94 Steering Gear
8.4 / 3.9
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Transmission
Description
Transmission Type
Feature Code
Pints
Liters
Eaton Fuller® 9-Speed (synthetic transmission oil):**
Manual
13GPL
28*
13*
Eaton Fuller® 10-Speed (standard transmission oil):**
Manual
13GAH; 13GHJ; 13GHK; 13GHL; 13GHN;
13GHP; 13GHR; 13GHS; 13GNB
24*
11*
Eaton Fuller® 10-Speed (standard transmission oil):**
Manual
13GKZ
24*
11*
Eaton Fuller® 10-Speed (standard transmission oil):**
AutoShift
13GRN
24*
11*
Eaton Fuller® 10-Speed (synthetic transmission oil):**
AutoShift
13GPN; 13GPP; 13GPR; 13GPS
26*
12*
Eaton Fuller® 10-Speed (synthetic transmission oil):**
UltraShift
13GPM; 13GPW
26*
12*
Eaton Fuller® 13-Speed (standard transmission oil):**
Manual
13GKJ; 13GRE
28*
13*
Eaton Fuller® 13-Speed (synthetic transmission oil):**
Manual
13GJS
28*
13*
Eaton Fuller® 13-Speed (synthetic transmission oil):**
UltraShift
13GRX
28*
13*
Eaton Fuller® 15-Speed (standard transmission oil):**
Manual
13GHY
28*
13*
Eaton Fuller® 18-Speed (standard transmission oil):**
Manual
13GKK; 13GKL; 13GKM; 13GNM
28*
13*
Eaton Fuller® 18-Speed (standard transmission oil):**
Manual
13GPV
28*
13*
A variety of transmissions are available for the International® ProStar®+ Series truck. Refer to the Transmission Manual for required capacities
and transmission oils.
* Approximate refill quantity; less than initial fill as fluids remain in external circuits and transmission cavities.
** Check at operating temperature and top off as required.
3878859R2
221
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Rear Axle Unit Refill Capacities
6X4 TANDEM AXLE
4X2 SINGLE AXLE
222
Description
Feature Code
Pints
Liters
RS-23-160
14051, 14ARB
39.5
18.7
S23-190
14AHE
37
17.5
RS-23-186
14ARX, 14ARY
47.3
22.4
Forward
Rear
Description
Code
Pints
Liters Pints Liters
RT-40-145,
RT-40-145P,
RT-40-145A
14GRB,
14GRC,
14GRN,
14GSX,
14GUR,
14HRN
30.2
14.3
25.8
12.2
DS405P/RS405,
DS404/RS404,
DS404P/RS404
14GEP,
14GER,
14GGG,
14GGJ
31
14.7
28
13.2
DST41/RST41,
DST40/RST40
14GJD,
14GJE,
14GJP
31
14.7
36
17
MT-40-143-MA-N,
MT-40-144-MA-N
14GVB,
14GVC,
14GWG,
14GWH
30.2
14.3
31.4
14.9
D46-170HP/R46-170H,
D46-170P/R46-170,
D46-170P/R46-170D,
D46-170/R46-170
14GJH,
14GJL,
14GJM,
14GJR
39
18.5
37
17.5
RT-46-160,
RT-46-160P
14GRD,
14GRP,
14GRS,
14HRM
29.1
13.8
34.4
16.3
RT-46-164P
14HRW
38.1
18
33.2
15.7
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lubricant and Sealer Specifications
Component
Component Vendor / Lubrication Type
Viscosity
Applicable Temperatures
Non-driving Front Axle
Front axle
wheel bearing
oil
Mineral Oil
Synthetic – Emgard® 2979 Synthetic Lubricant.
75W :
-40°F to - 15°F (-40°C to -26°C)
75W-80:
-40°F to 80°F (-40°C to 27°C)
75W-90:
-40°F to 100°F (-40°C to 38°C)
75W-140:
-40°F and above (-40°C and above)
80W-90:
-15°F to 100°F (-26°C to 38°C)
80W-140:
-15°F and above (-26°C and above)
85W-140:
10°F and above (-12°C and above)
50W
All Temperatures
NOTE: Do not mix conventional (mineral based)
lubricants with synthetic lubricants.
Front Axle Tie
Rod Ends, Drag
Link, King Pins
and Bushings
Eaton-Dana® axle, Hendrickson Steertek®,
International Multi-Link axle, and Meritor axle:
Fleetrite® NLGI #2 Lithium Complex Based Moly
grease P/N 991044C2 or equivalent GC/LB NLGI
#2 Multi-purpose Lithium Complex grease
NOTE: Eaton-Dana® and Meritor Easy Steer
axles: With chassis load on axle, force grease
through thrust bearings; then with axle lifted
clear of floor, force grease between king pin and
bushing surfaces.
3878859R2
223
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Component
Component Vendor / Lubrication Type
Viscosity
Applicable Temperatures
Engine
Engine
Lubricating Oil
See Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual
Steering
Power Steering
Fluid
Engine Oil
15W-40 Engine Oil
Steering Gear
– Lubricant
Fleetrite® NLGI #2 Lithium Complex Based Moly
grease P/N 991044C2 or equivalent GC/LB NLGI
#2 Multi-purpose Lithium Complex grease
Steering
Intermediate
Shaft
U-Joints/Slip
Joint –
Lubricant
Fleetrite® NLGI #2 Lithium Complex Based Moly
grease P/N 991044C2 or equivalent GC/LB NLGI
#2 Multi-purpose Lithium Complex grease
In extreme cold conditions (-20°F or below) replace
the 15W- 40 and use power steering fluid Fleetrite®
P/N CH990625C2 or equivalent.
Drive Shaft
U-Joint –
Lubricant
224
Fleetrite® Lithium Complex Based Moly grease
P/N 991044C2 or equivalent GC/LB NLGI #2
Multi-purpose Lithium Complex grease
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Component
Component Vendor / Lubrication Type
Viscosity
Applicable Temperatures
Clutch
Release
Bearing/
Shafts/ Fork
– Lubricant
Fleetrite® Lithium Complex Based Moly grease
P/N 991044C2 or equivalent GC/LB NLGI #2
Multi-purpose Lithium Complex grease
Cooling System
Extended Life
Coolant
Heavy Duty
– Fully
Formulated
Coolant
Shell Rotella® Ultra Extended Life Coolant
(ELC) – Type III
See Engine Operation
and Maintenance
Manual
Type II (Purple) Fleetrite® P/N ZJJSCA5550
See Engine Operation
and Maintenance
Manual
Transmission
Transmission
Oil
Mineral Gear Oil API-GL-1 (Rust and Oxidation
Inhibited) Fleetrite® P/N 991061C1
Heavy Duty Engine Oil API – CJ or CI
Synthetic Oil: Emgard® 2979 Synthetic Lubricant
3878859R2
SAE 90
Above 0 deg. F (-18 deg. C)
SAE 80
Below 0 deg. F (-18 deg. C)
SAE 50
Above 0 deg. F (-18 deg. C)
SAE 40
Below 0 deg. F (-18 deg. C)
50W
All Temperatures
225
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Component
Component Vendor / Lubrication Type
Viscosity
Applicable Temperatures
Rear Axle
Rear Drive
Axle(s)
Mineral Oil – Gear oil meeting MIL-PRF-2105E,
API Mete GL-5
75W
Synthetic – Emgard® 2837 and Emgard®
FE Synthetic Lubricant.
-40°F to - 15°F (-40°C to -26°C)
75W-80
-40°F to 80°F (-40°C to 27°C)
75W-90
-40°F to 100°F (-40°C to 38°C)
75W-140
-40°F and above (-40°C and above)
80W-90
-15°F to 100°F (-26°C to 38°C)
80W-140
-15°F and above (-26°C and above)
85W-140
10°F and above (-12°C and above)
75W-90
All Temperatures
NOTE: Do not mix conventional (mineral
bases) lube with synthetic oil.
Electrical
Terminals
– Lubricant
Sealing Grease
Connectors
– Dielectric
Grease
226
Fleetrite® 472141-C1
NYOGEL® 760 G
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Torque Specifications
U-BOLT NUT TORQUE CHART
Torque
Feature Code
Rear Suspension Capacity and Type
lbf - ft
N • m
14SAN
23,500-lb (10,659 kg) Capacity, RR, Springs, Single, Vari-Rate
260-300
353-407
14SAU
20,000-lb (9072 kg) Capacity, RR, Springs Multileaf with Single Torque Rod
258-295
350-400
14SAW
23,000-lb (10,433 kg) Capacity, RR, Springs Multileaf with Single Torque Rod
260-300
353-407
14TBJ
20,000-lb (9072 kg) Capacity, International Air Suspension (IROS) for axles
14ADN, 14ADP,14AJC,14AJE, 14ATP, and 14ATR.
260-300
353-407
20,000-lb (9072 kg) Capacity, International Air Suspension (IROS) for all other
axles.
370-400
502-542
40,000-lb (18,144 kg) Capacity, International Air Suspension (IROS)
370-400
502-542
14UNL, 14UNM, 14UNN,
14UNS, 14UNT, and 14UNU
NOTE: For all other vendor supplied suspensions, refer to vendor’s website for proper torque specifications.
Torque
Feature Code
Front Suspension Capacity and Type
lbf - ft
N • m
3ADC
12,000-lb (5443 kg) Capacity, Parabolic Taper Leaf
260-300
353-407
3ADD
14,000-lb (6350 kg) Capacity, Parabolic Taper Leaf
260-300
353-407
3AGV
12,000-lb (5443 kg) Capacity, Monoleaf (Hendrickson Softek)
260-300
353-407
3AHM
12,350-lb (5602 kg) Capacity, Monoleaf (Hendrickson Softek)
260-300
353-407
3878859R2
227
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Torque
Feature Code
3AHN
Front Suspension Capacity and Type
12,350-lb (5602 kg) Capacity, Parabolic Taper Leaf
lbf - ft
N • m
260-300
353-407
NOTE: For all other vendor supplied suspensions, refer to vendor’s website for proper torque specifications.
Fuse Charts
DISC WHEEL NUT TORQUE CHART
Torque
Lug Nut
Size
Lug Nut
Type
Socket
Size
lbf - ft
N•m
22 mm
2 piece
33 mm
450 - 500
610 - 678
The following fuse illustrations represent typical fuse panel
layouts. The actual vehicle fuse panels will vary depending on
the vehicle options. Refer to the chart on rear side of fuse cover.
NOTE: Do not use lubrication on dry threads. Where excessive
corrosion exists, a light coat of lubricant on the first three threads
of stud is permitted. Keep lubricant away from nut and rim clamp
contact surfaces
228
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Typical Interior Fuse Panel Layout
3878859R2
229
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Typical Luggage Compartment Fuse Panel Layout
230
3878859R2
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
ProStar®+ Series Light Information
Lamp Description
Bulb P/N
Sleeper Dome Lamp
F15T8/CW
Day Cab Dome Lamp
212
Cab Dome Lamp
577
Accent Lamps
577
Under Bunk Lamp
577
Cab Floor Lamp
W5W
Sleeper Floor Lamp
W5W
Sleeper Reading Lamp
912
Wardrobe Cabinet Lamp
7575
Cab Map Lamp
912
Door Lamps
W5W
Clearance/Marker Lamp (LED)
168
Stop/Turn/Tail Lamp (LED)
International® ProStar®+ Series: Truck Lite Super 40 (Truck Lite Super
44 Optional)
Back Up Lamp (LED)
Truck Lite Super 40
Work Light
4411
3878859R2
231
Maintenance Intervals and Specifications
Lamp Description
Bulb P/N
Headlight
Low Beam: 9006
High Beam: 9005
Side Marker: 194
Parking/Turn: 3357AK
Side Turn and Marker Lamp assembly
01-5242
Side Turn Lamp (Incandescent)
3156
Filter List
Filter part numbers and/or specifications may change during the
life-cycle of this vehicle. Current information on the appropriate
chassis and engine filters for your vehicle can be obtained by
contacting your local International dealer Parts department. (If
you need assistance finding a local International dealer, use the
Dealer Locator icon at internationaltrucks.com)
232
3878859R2
Customer Assistance
SECTION 9 — CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE
Service Information
The continued premium performance of this International®
chassis can best be assured through proper servicing. This can
be accomplished in several ways.
International Truck Dealers … Your local International
Truck dealer provides an excellent resource – through his
knowledgeable, experienced, and well equipped service staff –
to handle all your maintenance, repair, and replacement work.
Service Publications … Those persons who are properly
trained technicians with the facilities, equipment, tools, safety
instructions and know-how to properly and safely service a
bus, medium duty and/or heavy duty chassis can purchase
the appropriate service manual sections applicable to specific
vehicle components or areas of this International® vehicle.
Engine diagnostic manuals and engine service manuals for all
current International® diesel engines are also available to these
trained persons for purchase. Information on the purchase of
available service publications for this chassis can be found on
the internationaltrucks.com Web site, or by contacting your local
International dealer.
These service resources are also available via the Internet, by
an annual subscription to the Fleet ISIS® Web site, or via the
iService DVD. Information on the Fleet ISIS Web site’s content,
3878859R2
availability, and fee structure can be obtained by contacting
your local International Truck dealer or, in the case of a National
Account, an International Fleet Service Manager.
The iService DVD contains all currently available chassis and
component service information, including TSI letters, Electrical
Circuit Diagrams, Electrical System Troubleshooting and other
technical information, for virtually all International® models and
MaxxForce® engines.
International Truck Warranty Program
Standard Warranty • Optional Service Contracts • Custom
Service Contracts • Performance PM® Service
The International Truck Warranty Program provides International
customers with a better choice when it comes to Standard
Warranty and Service Contract Coverage. The Standard
Warranty is the first tier of the International Truck Warranty
Program. It provides the foundation for all extended coverages.
Vehicle Coverage, Towing, Engine and Engine Electronics,
Major Component, and Pre-Packaged System Component
protection can be obtained under the International Warranty
Program through Optional Service Contracts.
233
Customer Assistance
Custom Service Contracts, the most flexible aspect of the
International Truck Warranty Program, can provide extended
protection that is specifically tailored to meet each customer’s
specific requirements.
Finally, through Performance PM® Service, customers can
obtain a comprehensive preventative maintenance program
designed to ensure consistency in pricing and the level of
service received.
ADVANTAGES of International Truck Warranties
•
Extends warranty protection to specified length and
component coverage to suit individual needs
•
Honored at over 1,000 International Truck Dealer locations
in North America
•
Stabilized and predictable maintenance costs
•
Increased owner confidence and peace of mind
•
Improved resale value on your vehicle – International Truck
Warranties may be transferable for a nominal fee. Contact
the Service Contract Center 1-800-346-4429 option 1 for
transferability
•
Most coverage is 100% parts and labor with NO
DEDUCTIBLES .
•
Customized warranty programs are offered to suit your
needs - your specification - your vocation
234
•
International, North America’s leader in truck manufacturing,
is also North America’s leader in warranty value
•
Optional Service Contracts, Custom Service Contracts, and
Performance PM® Service, designed to assure the lowest
possible cost of ownership, are also available
•
Optional Service Contracts have been pre-packaged to fit
most common applications
•
Custom Service Contracts are designed to meet your
individual needs
HOW TO OBTAIN International Truck Warranties
•
Standard Warranty: Your new International® vehicle is
automatically registered in the International Truck Warranty
system at the time of delivery. No further action on your
part is required.
•
Optional Service Contracts, Custom Service Contracts,
or Performance PM® Service: These programs are sold
exclusively through your International dealer. The vehicle
must also have coverage remaining under the Standard
Warranty. For extended warranty purchases between, 181
through 365 days from DTU and <100,000 miles (160,000
km) an additional fee will be assessed. If you would like the
predictable cost of ownership and peace of mind provided
by the International Truck Warranty Program, please contact
your International dealer today!
3878859R2
Index
SECTION 10 — INDEX
A
ABS Connections and Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
ABS Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
ABS Self Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Accent Light Dimmer Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Accent Light Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Accent Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Accessory Feed Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Additional Unsafe Practices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Adjustable Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Adjustable Steering Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
After the Engine Starts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Air Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152, 179
Air Gauge, Low Air Pressure Beeper and Warning
Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Brake Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Inspection and Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Reservoir Moisture Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Air Cleaner Element Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .189
Air Compressor Cycling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
Air Conditioning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Air Conditioning Service Checks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Front Access HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
HVAC Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Recirculation Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
Side Access HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Sleeper HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Air Dryer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155, 180
Desiccant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
3878859R2
A (CONT.)
Air Dryer (cont.)
Purge Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Air Gauge, Low Air Pressure Beeper and Warning
Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Air Induction System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Air Intake System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Air Reservoir/Tanks Moisture Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Air Restriction Gauge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .188
Air Suspension System Faults. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
Airline Cabinets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
Alignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Alternator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Antifreeze. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Antilock Brake System (ABS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
ABS Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
ABS Self Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Antilock Driving Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Antilock Driving Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Assistance Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
ATC OFF ROAD or MUD/SNOW Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
ATC System Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Automatic Door Lock Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Automatic Traction Control (ATC) System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
ATC OFF ROAD or MUD/SNOW Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
ATC System Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Stability Control Systems – Bendix® RSP/WABCO
RSC/Bendix ESP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Available Models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Axles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
235
Index
A (CONT.)
Axles (cont.)
Front Axle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Alignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Inspection and Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Normal Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Locking Differential. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Rear Axle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Inspection and Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
B
Base Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Batteries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Battery Cables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
BATTERY ON Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Bobtail Proportioning System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Brake Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151, 178
ABS Connections and Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Air Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152, 179
Air Gauge, Low Air Pressure Beeper and Warning
Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Brake Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Inspection and Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Reservoir Moisture Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Air Dryer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155, 180
Desiccant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Purge Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Air Reservoir/Tanks Moisture Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
236
B (CONT.)
Brakes (cont.)
Antilock Brake System (ABS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
ABS Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
ABS Self Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Antilock Driving Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Bobtail Proportioning System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Downhill Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
Parking Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Parking Brake Alarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Parking Brake Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Parking Brake Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Trailer Air Supply and Parking Brake Modular Controls. . . .156
Trailer Brake Hand Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Bright Metal Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Bunk Restraint System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Adjustable Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Restraint Webbing System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
C
Cab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Care of Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Bright Metal Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Exposed Rubber and Unpainted Plastic Parts. . . . . . . . . . .182
Upholstery Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Washing and Waxing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Cab Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
Cab Doors and Locks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Cab Entry and Exit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Cab Interior Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Cabinets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Airline Cabinets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
3878859R2
Index
C (CONT.)
Cabinets (cont.)
Dresser Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Horizontal Refrigerator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Rear Wardrobe Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
Refrigerator Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Tower Wardrobe Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
Cabinets/Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109
Canadian Registered Vehicles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Care of Seat Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120
Care of Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Bright Metal Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Exposed Rubber and Unpainted Plastic Parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Upholstery Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Washing and Waxing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Cautions and Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Center Dash Panel/Wing Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Climate Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Air Conditioning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Dehumidification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Gauges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Certified Clean Idle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Charge Air Cooler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Charge Air Cooler And Radiator Core Inspection And
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Inspection and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Chassis Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173
Chassis Skirts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Extended Chassis Skirts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Removal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
3878859R2
C (CONT.)
Checking Inflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Circuit Breakers, Fuses and Fusible Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Climate Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Air Conditioning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Dehumidification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Hydraulic Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Pedal Free Travel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Clutch Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Clutch Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Cold Weather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Cold Weather Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Cold Weather Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Engine Idle Shutdown Timer (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Engine Idling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Winter Front Usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Cold Weather Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Cold Weather Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Compass Declination Zone Set Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Compass Directional Calibration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Component Code Numbers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Line Set Ticket. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Components Requiring Fluid Check and Fill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Components Requiring Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .218
Connecting/Disconnecting a Trailer to a Vehicle with Air
Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Convenience Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Floor Covering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Power Inverter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Power Sockets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
237
Index
C (CONT.)
Convenience Features (cont.)
Sleeper Curtain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Sleeper Fan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Speakers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Television Mount. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Coolant and Optional Coolant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant Concentration Freeze Point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant Level Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Antifreeze. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant and Optional Coolant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant Concentration Freeze Point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant Level Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Fan Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Filling Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Cooling System Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Courtesy Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Crankcase and Oil Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Crankcase Ventilation Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Cruise Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Customer Security Guide for International Trucks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
D
Dash Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Daytime Running Lights (DRL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Dehumidification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Desiccant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Regeneration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Direct Drive Warning Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
238
D (CONT.)
Disc Wheel Nut Torque Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228
Dome Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Dome Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Door and Window Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Door Lock/Unlock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Automatic Door Lock Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Cab Doors and Locks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Lock/Unlock From Interior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Remote Keyless Entry Operation (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Driver/Passenger Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Manual Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Mirror Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Power Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Vent Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Window Lockout Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Door Lock/Unlock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Automatic Door Lock Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Cab Doors and Locks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Lock/Unlock From Interior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Locking the Door. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Unlocking the Door. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Remote Keyless Entry Operation (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Double Clutch Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Downhill Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
Dresser Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Drive Shafts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Driver and Passenger Side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Driver Controlled Differential Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Driver Reward. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Driver/Passenger Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Manual Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
3878859R2
Index
D (CONT.)
Driver/Passenger Windows (cont.)
Mirror Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Power Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Vent Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Window Lockout Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Dual Tires Matching. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Dual Tires Mixing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
E
Eaton AutoShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .146
Eaton UltraShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Eaton VORAD Collision Warning System (Optional). . . . . . . . . . .93
Driver Reward. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
System Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Electrical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130, 184
Accessory Feed Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Alternator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Batteries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Battery Cables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
BATTERY ON Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Circuit Breakers, Fuses and Fusible Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Electrical Charging and Starting System Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
Electrical Load Control and Shedding (ELCS). . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Fuses and Relays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Terminal Inspection-Cleaning-Corrosion Protection. . . . . . . .185
Electrical Charging and Starting System Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
Electrical Load Control and Shedding (ELCS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Electrical System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Electronic Climate Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Electronic Engine Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
3878859R2
E (CONT.)
Electronic Vehicle Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Base Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Premium Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Emergency Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Emission Control Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Engaging the Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132, 186
Air Cleaner Element Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .189
Air Compressor Cycling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
Air Induction System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Air Restriction Gauge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .188
Certified Clean Idle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Charge Air Cooler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Charge Air Cooler And Radiator Core Inspection And
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Inspection and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Antifreeze. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant and Optional Coolant Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant Concentration Freeze Point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Coolant Level Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Fan Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Filling Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Crankcase Ventilation Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Electronic Engine Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Engine Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Engine fluids and contaminated material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Engine Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Engine Performance Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Fuel System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Fuel Tank Draining and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
239
Index
E (CONT.)
Engine (cont.)
MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15 Engine Brake With Eaton
AutoShift®/UltraShift® Transmissions Special Driver
Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
MaxxForce® Engine Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Scheduled Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Self Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Engine Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Engine Control Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Engine fluids and contaminated material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Engine Idle Shutdown Timer (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Engine Idling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Engine Noise Shields/Blankets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Engine Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Engine Performance Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Engine Serial Number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Engine Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Engine Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
Entering The Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Exhaust Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
Parked Regeneration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Three-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Two-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Exhaust System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Exiting The Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Exposed Rubber and Unpainted Plastic Parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Extended Chassis Skirts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Exterior Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Exterior Lights Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
240
E (CONT.)
Exterior Noise Emissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
F
Fan Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Feature Codes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Fifth Wheel and Coupling Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Fifth Wheel Jaw Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Fifth Wheel Jaw Unlock Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Fifth Wheel Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Fifth Wheel Jaw Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Fifth Wheel Jaw Unlock Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Fifth Wheel Slide Switch (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Hook-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Un-Hook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Fifth Wheel Slide Switch (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Filling Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Filter List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
Floor Covering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Floor Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Frame. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Front Access HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
Front Axle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Alignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Inspection and Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Normal Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Front Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Additional Unsafe Practices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fuel and Lubricant Additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fueling Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
3878859R2
Index
F (CONT.)
Fuel (cont.)
Fueling Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Hazards of Diesel Fuel/Gasoline Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Reserve Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Unacceptable Fuel Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fuel and Lubricant Additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fuel System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Fuel Tank Draining and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Fuel Tank Draining and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Fueling Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Fueling Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fuse Charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228
Filter List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
ProStar®+ Series Light Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231
Typical Interior Fuse Panel Layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .229
Typical Luggage Compartment Fuse Panel Layout. . . . . . . .230
Fuses and Relays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
G
Gauges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50, 82
General Text and Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
H
Hazards of Diesel Fuel/Gasoline Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Headlights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
High Restriction Reading Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Lowering the Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Raising the Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
3878859R2
H (CONT.)
Hook-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Horizontal Refrigerator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Hot Weather Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Hub-Piloted Wheel Installation Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
HVAC Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Hydraulic Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Hydraulic Clutch Actuation System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144
Hydraulic Clutch System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
I
Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202
Inspection and Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Inspection and Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Inspection and Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176–177
Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Installing Axle Shafts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Instructions for Proper Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Direct Drive Warning Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Gauges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster Alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Integral Digital Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
General Text and Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Integral Digital Display Detailed Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Optional Instrument panel gauge cluster Compass Calibration
Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Compass Declination Zone Set Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Compass Directional Calibration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Courtesy Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Daytime Running Lights (DRL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
241
Index
I (CONT.)
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster (cont.)
Dome Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Headlights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Lights On With Wipers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Panel Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Park Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Warning Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Instrument Panel Gauge Cluster Alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Integral Digital Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
General Text and Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Integral Digital Display Detailed Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Outside Temperature and Compass Displays (Optional). . . .74
Outside Temperature Reading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Quadrant 1: Informational Displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Quadrant 2: Text and Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Quadrant 3: Display Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Quadrant 4: Transmission Gear Displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
International Truck Warranty Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233
Introduction
Electrical System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Main Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Irregular Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
L
Left Engine Compartment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Left Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Left Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Left Side Cab Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
242
L (CONT.)
Lighting (cont.)
Accent Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Dome Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Floor Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Reading Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Lights On With Wipers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Line Set Ticket. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2, 13
Loads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Lock/Unlock From Interior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Locking the Door. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Unlocking the Door. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Locking Differential. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Locking or Limited Slip Differentials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Locking the Door. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Lower Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105
Lowering the Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Lowering the Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Lubricant and Sealer Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .223
Lubrication and Fluids Charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .217
Components Requiring Fluid Check and Fill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Components Requiring Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .218
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended
Synchronized Intervals Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval Chart Notes. . . . . . . . . . .210
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval Chart Symbols Key. . .210
Lubrication and Maintenance Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209
Maintenance Intervals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209
Lubrication Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Luggage Box Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Driver and Passenger Side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
3878859R2
Index
M
Main Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Maintenance Guidelines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
Maintenance Intervals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval – Recommended
Synchronized Intervals Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval Chart Notes. . . . . . . .210
Lubrication and Maintenance Interval Chart Symbols
Key. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .210
Maintenance Record – Noise Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Manual Climate Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Manual Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Manual Transmissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15 Engine Brake With Eaton
AutoShift®/UltraShift® Transmissions Special Driver
Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
MaxxForce® Engine Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Mirror Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
N
No Restriction Reading Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Noise Emissions – Exterior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Air Intake System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Engine Noise Shields/Blankets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Exhaust System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Instructions for Proper Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Normal Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
O
Operating Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128
Electrical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
3878859R2
O (CONT.)
Operating Instructions (cont.)
Alternator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
BATTERY ON Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Circuit Breakers, Fuses and Fusible Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Electrical Load Control and Shedding (ELCS). . . . . . . . . . .132
Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Air Compressor Cycling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
Certified Clean Idle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Charge Air Cooler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Electronic Engine Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Engine Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Engine Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Engine Performance Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
MaxxForce® 11, 13 and 15 Engine Brake With Eaton
AutoShift®/UltraShift® Transmissions Special Driver
Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
MaxxForce® Engine Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Self Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Exhaust Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration. . . . . . . . . . . . .139
Parked Regeneration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Three-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Two-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Additional Unsafe Practices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fuel and Lubricant Additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fueling Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Fueling Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Hazards of Diesel Fuel/Gasoline Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Reserve Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
243
Index
O (CONT.)
Operating Instructions (cont.)
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Unacceptable Fuel Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Rear Axles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Driver Controlled Differential Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Locking or Limited Slip Differentials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Tandem Axle Power Divider Lock (PDL) Control. . . . . . . . .149
Rear Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Air Suspension System Faults. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
Rear Air Ride Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Rear Air Suspension Air Dump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128
Adjustable Steering Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Clutch Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Clutch Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Double Clutch Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Eaton AutoShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . .146
Eaton UltraShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Engaging the Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
Hydraulic Clutch Actuation System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144
Manual Transmissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Power Take-off Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119
Operation Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117
Cab Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
Optional Diamond Logic® Electronic Application Solutions. . . . .8
Optional Instrument panel gauge cluster Compass Calibration
Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Compass Declination Zone Set Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Compass Directional Calibration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
244
O (CONT.)
Outside Temperature and Compass Displays (Optional). . . . . .74
Outside Temperature Reading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Overhead Console. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
P
Panel Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Park Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Parked Regeneration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Parking Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Parking Brake Alarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Parking Brake Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Parking Brake Alarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Parking Brake Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Parking Brake Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Pedal Free Travel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183
Power Inverter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Power Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Power Receptacle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Power Sockets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Power Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Power Steering Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Power Take-off Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Premium Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
ProStar®+ Series Light Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231
Purge Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Q
Quadrant 1: Informational Displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Quadrant 2: Text and Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
3878859R2
Index
Q (CONT.)
Quadrant 3: Display Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Quadrant 4: Transmission Gear Displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
R
Radio Remote Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Raising the Hood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Raising the Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Reading Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Rear Air Ride Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Rear Air Suspension Air Dump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Rear Axle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Inspection and Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Rear Axle Unit Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222
Rear Axles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Driver Controlled Differential Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Locking or Limited Slip Differentials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Tandem Axle Power Divider Lock (PDL) Control. . . . . . . . . . .149
Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Rear Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150, 198
Air Suspension System Faults. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
Rear Air Ride Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Rear Air Suspension Air Dump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Rear Wardrobe Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
Recirculation Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
Refrigerator Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Regeneration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Remote Keyless Entry Operation (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Remote Power Inverter Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Removal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Removing Axle Shafts Before Towing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
3878859R2
R (CONT.)
Reporting Safety Defects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Canadian Registered Vehicles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
U.S. Registered Vehicles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Reserve Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Reservoir Moisture Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Restraint Webbing System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Right Engine Compartment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Right Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Right Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Right Side of Cab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Right Side Under Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Rotation Is Advisable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Tire Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Rotation Is Advisable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
S
Safety Recalls and Authorized Field Changes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Scheduled Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
Seat Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
Care of Seat Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119
Seats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Self Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Service Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233
Side Access HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Sleeper Control Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Accent Light Dimmer Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Accent Light Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Electronic Climate Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Engine Control Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
245
Index
S (CONT.)
Sleeper Control Panel (cont.)
Manual Climate Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Power Receptacle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Radio Remote Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Remote Power Inverter Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Sleeper Dome/Floor Light Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Sleeper Curtain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Sleeper Dome/Floor Light Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Sleeper Fan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Sleeper HVAC Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
SmartWave® Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
SmartWave® Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS). . . . .202
Speakers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Stability Control Systems – Bendix® RSP/WABCO RSC/Bendix
ESP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Starting Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
After the Engine Starts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Cold Weather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Cold Weather Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Cold Weather Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Engine Idle Shutdown Timer (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Engine Idling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Winter Front Usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Emergency Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Engine Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Engine Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
Hot Weather Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128, 198
Adjustable Steering Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
Lubrication Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Power Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
246
S (CONT.)
Steering (cont.)
Tightening Steering Intermediate Shaft Joint Bolts. . . . . . . .198
Steering Column and Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Steering Wheel Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Cruise Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Storage Duration - One Month or Less. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Storage Duration - Over One Month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Storage Facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Supporting Your Vehicle for Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173
Suspension (Air and Steel Springs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Front Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Rear Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75, 82
Courtesy Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Daytime Running Lights (DRL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Dome Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Headlights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Lights On With Wipers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Panel Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Park Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
System Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
T
Tampering with Noise Control System Prohibited. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Tandem Axle Power Divider Lock (PDL) Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . .149
Television Mount. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
Terminal Inspection-Cleaning-Corrosion Protection. . . . . . . . . .185
Three-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Tightening Steering Intermediate Shaft Joint Bolts. . . . . . . . . . .198
Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Lowering the Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3878859R2
Index
T (CONT.)
Tilt-Away Bumper (cont.)
Raising the Tilt-Away Bumper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Tire Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Checking Inflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Underinflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Tire Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Tire Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Tires. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Dual Tires Matching. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Dual Tires Mixing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202
Loads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Rotation Is Advisable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
Tire Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
SmartWave® Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS). . .202
Tire Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Checking Inflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Underinflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Tire Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
Use of Tire Chains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Irregular Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Wheel and Tire Balancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Torque Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
Disc Wheel Nut Torque Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228
U-Bolt Nut Torque Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
Tow Hooks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
Tower Wardrobe Cabinet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
Towing Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162
Tow Hooks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
3878859R2
T (CONT.)
Towing Instructions (cont.)
Towing Vehicle With Front Wheels Suspended. . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Towing Vehicle With Rear Wheels Suspended. . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Towing Vehicles With Driver Controlled Differential Lock. . .164
Installing Axle Shafts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Removing Axle Shafts Before Towing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Towing Vehicle With Front Wheels Suspended. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Towing Vehicle With Rear Wheels Suspended. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Towing Vehicles With Driver Controlled Differential Lock. . . . .164
Installing Axle Shafts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Removing Axle Shafts Before Towing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Tractor Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Cab Interior Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Exterior Lights Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Fifth Wheel and Coupling Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Left Engine Compartment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Left Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Left Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Left Side Cab Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Right Engine Compartment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Right Front of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Right Rear of Tractor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Right Side of Cab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Right Side Under Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Tractor-Trailer Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Connecting/Disconnecting a Trailer to a Vehicle with Air
Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Fifth Wheel Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
247
Index
T (CONT.)
Tractor-Trailer Connections (cont.)
Fifth Wheel Jaw Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Fifth Wheel Jaw Unlock Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Fifth Wheel Slide Switch (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Hook-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Un-Hook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Trailer Air Supply and Parking Brake Modular Controls. . . . . .156
Trailer Brake Hand Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142, 208
Clutch Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Clutch Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Double Clutch Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Eaton AutoShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .146
Eaton UltraShift® Transmissions (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Engaging the Clutch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
Hydraulic Clutch Actuation System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144
Manual Transmissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Power Take-off Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
High Restriction Reading Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
No Restriction Reading Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Two-Position Regeneration Inhibit Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Typical Interior Fuse Panel Layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .229
Typical Luggage Compartment Fuse Panel Layout. . . . . . . . . . .230
U
U-Bolt Nut Torque Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
U.S. Registered Vehicles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Un-Hook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Unacceptable Fuel Blends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
248
U (CONT.)
Underinflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Unit Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Cooling System Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Crankcase and Oil Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Hydraulic Clutch System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Power Steering Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .220
Rear Axle Unit Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222
Unlocking the Door. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Upholstery Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
Entering The Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Exiting The Upper Bunk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Use of Tire Chains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
V
Vehicle Identification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Engine Serial Number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Feature Codes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Line Set Ticket. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Vehicle Storage Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Storage Duration - One Month or Less. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Storage Duration - Over One Month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Storage Facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Vent Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
W
Warning Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Washing and Waxing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
3878859R2
Index
W (CONT.)
Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Irregular Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Wheel and Tire Balancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Wheel and Wheel Nut Maintenance and Installation. . . . . . . . .205
Hub-Piloted Wheel Installation Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Wheel Nut Torque Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Wheel Nut Torque Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Wheels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
3878859R2
W (CONT.)
Wheels (cont.)
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .208
Wheel and Wheel Nut Maintenance and Installation. . . . . . .205
Hub-Piloted Wheel Installation Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Wheel Nut Torque Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Window Lockout Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Winter Front Usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
249
Index
250
3878859R2
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known
to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects and
other reproductive harm.
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