Pontiac 2010, 2010 Vibe Owner's manual

Pontiac 2010, 2010 Vibe Owner's manual
2010 Pontiac Vibe Owner Manual
Keys, Doors and
Windows ............................ 1-1
Instruments and
Controls ............................. 4-1
Keys and Locks .............. 1-2
Doors ............................ 1-6
Vehicle Security
.............. 1-7
Exterior Mirrors
............. 1-10
Interior Mirrors
.............. 1-11
Windows
...................... 1-11
Roof ............................ 1-13
Instrument Panel
Overview
.................... 4-2
Controls ......................... 4-4
Warning Lights, Gages,
and Indicators
............. 4-8
Vehicle Personalization ... 4-21
OnStar System
............. 4-23
Seats and Restraints ......... 2-1
Lighting ............................. 5-1
Head Restraints
.............. 2-2
Front Seats
.................... 2-3
Rear Seats
.................... 2-7
Safety Belts
................... 2-8
Airbag System
.............. 2-23
Child Restraints ............. 2-37
Storage .............................. 3-1
Storage Compartments
.... 3-1
Additional Storage
Features ..................... 3-2
Roof Rack System
.......... 3-5
Exterior Lighting .............. 5-1
Interior Lighting ............... 5-4
Lighting Features
............ 5-5
Infotainment System ......... 6-1
Introduction
.................... 6-1
Radio
............................ 6-4
Audio Players
................. 6-9
Climate Controls ............... 7-1
Climate Control Systems
... 7-1
Air Vents
....................... 7-4
Maintenance ................... 7-4
M
Driving and Operating ....... 8-1
Driving Information
.......... 8-2
Starting and Operating
... 8-16
Engine Exhaust ............. 8-23
Automatic
Transmission
............. 8-24
Manual Transmission
..... 8-29
Drive Systems
.............. 8-31
Brakes ......................... 8-32
Ride Control Systems
.... 8-33
Cruise Control ............... 8-36
Fuel
............................ 8-38
Towing
........................ 8-43
Conversions and
Add-Ons
................... 8-50
Vehicle Care ...................... 9-1
General Information
......... 9-2
Vehicle Checks ............... 9-4
Headlamp Aiming
.......... 9-32
Bulb Replacement
......... 9-33
Electrical System ........... 9-37
9-43
9-69
9-73
9-75
Technical Data ................. 11-1
Service and
Maintenance ..................... 10-1
Customer Information
..... 12-1
Reporting Safety
Defects
................... 12-13
Vehicle Data Recording
and Privacy
............. 12-14
Wheels and Tires
..........
Jump Starting
...............
Towing
........................
Appearance Care
..........
General Information
....... 10-1
Scheduled
Maintenance .............. 10-3
Recommended Fluids,
Lubricants, and
Parts
...................... 10-15
Maintenance Records
... 10-18
Vehicle Identification
...... 11-1
Vehicle Data ................. 11-2
Customer Information ...... 12-1
Index ................................... i-1
Introduction
Introduction
For vehicles first sold in Canada,
substitute the name “General Motors
of Canada Limited” for Pontiac
Division wherever it appears in
this manual.
Canadian Vehicle
Owners
This manual describes features
that may or may not be on
your specific vehicle.
A French language copy of
this manual can be obtained from
your dealer/retailer or from:
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM
Emblem, PONTIAC, the PONTIAC
Emblem and the name VIBE
are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
Read this manual from beginning to
end to learn about the vehicle’s
features and controls. Pictures,
symbols, and words work together
to explain vehicle operation.
On peut obtenir un exemplaire de
ce guide en français auprès du
concessionnaire ou à l’adresse
suivante:
This manual includes the latest
information at the time it was
printed. GM reserves the right
to make changes after that
time without further notice.
Keep this manual in the vehicle for
quick reference.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 20784572 A First Printing
iii
Canadian Owners
(Propriétaires Canadiens)
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
1-800-551-4123
Numéro de poste 6438 de langue
française
www.helminc.com
©
2008 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
iv
Introduction
Using this Manual
To quickly locate information about
the vehicle use the Index in the back
of the manual. It is an alphabetical
list of what is in the manual and the
page number where it can be found.
Danger, Warnings, and
Cautions
{ CAUTION
These mean there is something
that could hurt you or other
people.
Cautions tell what the hazard is and
what to do to avoid or reduce the
hazard. Read these cautions.
A notice tells about something that
can damage the vehicle.
Notice: These mean there is
something that could damage
your vehicle.
A circle with a slash through it is a
safety symbol which means “Do Not,”
“Do not do this” or “Do not let this
happen.”
Many times, this damage would
not be covered by the vehicle’s
warranty, and it could be costly.
The notice tells what to do to help
avoid the damage.
A box with the word CAUTION is
used to tell about things that could
hurt you or others if you were to
ignore the warning.
There are also warning labels on
the vehicle which use the same
words, CAUTION or Notice.
Symbols
The vehicle has components and
labels that use symbols instead
of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific
component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
M:
This symbol is shown when
you need to see your owner manual
for additional instructions or
information.
*:
This symbol is shown when
you need to see a service manual
for additional instructions or
information.
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Chart
Here are some additional symbols
that may be found on the vehicle
and what they mean. For more
information on the symbol, refer
to the index.
.:
Fuel Gage
+:
Fuses
i:
Headlamp High/Low-Beam
Changer
9:
Airbag Readiness Light
j:
#:
Air Conditioning
*:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
!:
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
::
Oil Pressure
g:
Audio Steering Wheel
Controls or OnStar®
$:
Brake System Warning Light
":
I:
Charging System
Cruise Control
B:
Engine Coolant Temperature
O:
Exterior Lamps
#:
Fog Lamps
LATCH System Child Restraints
}:
Power
/:
Remote Vehicle Start
>:
Safety Belt Reminders
7:
Tire Pressure Monitor
F:
Traction Control
M:
Windshield Washer Fluid
v
vi
Introduction
✍ NOTES
Keys, Doors and Windows
Keys, Doors and
Windows
Vehicle Security
Vehicle Security ....................1-7
Anti-Theft Alarm System .........1-7
Immobilizer ...........................1-9
Immobilizer Operation ............1-9
Exterior Mirrors
Keys and Locks
Keys ...................................1-2
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System .....................1-3
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation .......1-3
Door Locks ..........................1-5
Power Door Locks .................1-6
Safety Locks ........................1-6
Doors
Liftgate ................................1-6
Power Mirrors .....................1-10
Folding Mirrors ....................1-10
Interior Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror ........1-11
Windows
Windows ............................1-11
Power Windows ..................1-12
Sun Visors .........................1-12
Roof
Sunroof ..............................1-13
1-1
1-2
Keys, Doors and Windows
Keys and Locks
Do not do any of the following to
keys with a transponder:
Keys
• Cover the key.
• Hit the key hard against other
objects.
{ CAUTION
Leaving children in a vehicle with
the ignition key is dangerous for
many reasons, children or others
could be badly injured or even
killed. They could operate the
power windows or other controls
or even make the vehicle move.
The windows will function with the
keys in the ignition and children
could be seriously injured or killed
if caught in the path of a closing
window. Do not leave the keys in
a vehicle with children.
• Expose it to high temperatures
for a long time.
• Put the key in water.
• Use the key with electromagnetic
materials.
The key is used for the ignition,
doors, and all other locks.
The key number is on the tag
attached to the key ring. Keep this
tag and give it to your dealer/retailer
if a new key needs to be made.
If the vehicle has an Immobilizer
theft deterrent system, the key has
a transponder in the key that
matches a decoder in the vehicle.
See Immobilizer Operation on
page 1-9 for additional information.
Any new Immobilizer key must be
programmed before it will start
the vehicle. See your dealer/retailer.
In an emergency, contact Roadside
Assistance. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 12-6
for more information.
Notice: If you ever lock your
keys in the vehicle, you may have
to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
Keys, Doors and Windows
HOLD p (Panic): Press to activate
the alarm. The lights flash and
the horn sounds. The alarm turns
off when the ignition is turned
to ON/RUN or HOLD p is pressed
again. The ignition must be in
LOCK/OFF or ACC/ACCESSORY
for the alarm to work.
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System
See Radio Frequency Statement
(US, Can) on page 12-16 for
information regarding Part 15 of
the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and
RSS-210/211 of Industry and
Science Canada.
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation
The Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter functions work up
to 30 feet (9 m) away from the
vehicle.
1-3
Programming Transmitters to
the Vehicle
Q (Lock):
Press to lock all the
doors and liftgate.
The hazard warning flashers flash
once to confirm that the doors
have locked.
W (Unlock):
Press once to unlock
the driver door. If W is pressed
again within three seconds, all
remaining doors unlock. The hazard
warning flashers flash twice to
confirm that the door has unlocked.
Only RKE transmitters programmed
to this vehicle will work. If a
transmitter is lost or stolen, a
replacement can be purchased and
programmed through your dealer/
retailer. When the replacement
transmitter is programmed to this
vehicle, all remaining transmitters
must also be reprogrammed. Any
lost or stolen transmitters will no
longer work once the new transmitter
is programmed. Each vehicle can
have up to four transmitters
programmed to it.
1-4
Keys, Doors and Windows
Battery Replacement
The battery in the transmitter is
weak and should be changed if it
does not work at the normal range in
any location.
Notice: When replacing the
battery, do not touch any of the
circuitry on the transmitter. Static
from your body could damage
the transmitter.
To replace the battery, use
a flat, thin non-metal object or
tape-wrapped metal object.
1. Separate the transmitter.
3. Open the module cover.
4. Remove the old battery.
5. Insert the new battery,
positive (+) side facing up.
Replace with a CR2025 or
equivalent battery.
6. Snap the module back together
and replace it in the transmitter.
7. Snap the front and back of the
transmitter together.
2. Remove the module.
Keys, Doors and Windows
Door Locks
CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Unlocked doors can be
dangerous.
• Passengers, especially
children, can easily open
the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door
is locked, the handle will not
open it. The chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash is increased if the
doors are not locked. So, all
passengers should wear
safety belts properly and the
doors should be locked
whenever the vehicle is
driven.
(Continued)
(Continued)
• Young children who get into
•
unlocked vehicles may be
unable to get out. A child can
be overcome by extreme heat
and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from
heat stroke. Always lock the
vehicle whenever leaving it.
Outsiders can easily enter
through an unlocked door
when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your
doors can help prevent this
from happening.
To lock and unlock your vehicle
from the outside, use your key or the
Remote Keyless Entry transmitter,
if equipped. See Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation
on page 1-3 for more information.
1-5
Open the driver door, on vehicles
with power door locks, by turning the
key in the lock toward the rear of
the vehicle.
Turn the key back toward the center
and toward the rear again, within
three seconds, to unlock all of the
doors. Use the key in the passenger
door to also unlock all of the doors.
Lock a door by turning the key
toward the front of the vehicle.
If you have power door locks,
all the doors will lock.
To manually lock or unlock the door
from the inside, move the lever
on the door forward or rearward.
The driver and front passenger door
open from the inside while locked.
With manual locks, the key must
be used to lock and unlock the
liftgate.
1-6
Keys, Doors and Windows
Power Door Locks
Safety Locks
Doors
On vehicles with this feature, the
power door lock switch is located on
the armrest of the driver and front
passenger door.
Rear door security locks prevent
passengers from opening the
rear doors from the inside.
Liftgate
Q:
Press to lock all the doors.
K:
Press to unlock all the doors.
{ CAUTION
Exhaust gases can enter the
vehicle if it is driven with the
liftgate, trunk/hatch open, or with
any objects that pass through the
seal between the body and the
trunk/hatch or liftgate. Engine
exhaust contains Carbon
Monoxide (CO) which cannot be
seen or smelled. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
Open the rear doors to access the
security locks.
To set these locks, slide the lever
down on each door and close it.
The doors can only be opened from
outside with the door unlocked.
To return the doors to normal
operation, slide the lever up.
If the vehicle must be driven with
the liftgate, or trunk/hatch open:
• Close all of the windows.
• Fully open the air outlets on or
under the instrument panel.
(Continued)
Keys, Doors and Windows
CAUTION
Vehicle Security
(Continued)
Vehicle theft is big business,
especially in some cities. This
vehicle has theft-deterrent features,
however, they do not make it
impossible to steal.
• Adjust the Climate Control
•
system to a setting that
brings in only outside air
and set the fan speed to the
highest setting. See Climate
Control System in the Index.
If the vehicle is equipped with
a power liftgate, disable the
power liftgate function.
For more information about
carbon monoxide, see Engine
Exhaust on page 8-23.
Unlock and open the liftgate by
inserting the key, turning it
counterclockwise and raise it
by hand.
1-7
Anti-Theft Alarm System
Close the liftgate by using the
handle to pull it down.
Lock the liftgate by inserting the
key and turning it clockwise to the
first position.
See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 1-3
for more information.
This vehicle may have a
theft-deterrent system that activates
an alarm if attempts are made to
damage or break into the vehicle.
The alarm sounds and the lights
flash.
1-8
Keys, Doors and Windows
The system is armed after
30 seconds and the security
light will flash.
Unlocking the vehicle from the
inside activates the system.
To avoid setting off the alarm make
sure all passengers are out of
the vehicle and the windows are
closed before arming the system.
Disarming the System
The security light is in the center of
the instrument panel.
Arming the System
To arm the system:
1. Close all the doors and the
liftgate.
2. Lock the doors and liftgate with
the key or Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter.
The security light comes on
solid.
To disarm the alarm do one of the
following:
• Unlock the doors with the key.
• Unlock the doors and liftgate with
the RKE transmitter.
• Start the engine.
Testing the Alarm
To test the alarm:
1. Open all the windows.
2. Set the system by closing and
locking the doors and liftgate
with the RKE transmitter.
Wait until the security light is
flashing.
3. Unlock the driver door from
the inside. The system should
activate the alarm.
4. Stop the alarm as described in
the disarming procedure.
5. Repeat this operation for the
other doors. Check that the
system is activated when
the battery terminal is
disconnected and then
reconnected.
If the system does not work
properly, have it checked by your
dealer/retailer.
Keys, Doors and Windows
How the System Alarm is
Activated
The system activates the alarm if:
• A locked door or the liftgate
is unlocked or opened without the
RKE transmitter.
• A locked door is unlocked or
opened without the key.
Immobilizer Operation
This vehicle has a passive
theft-deterrent system.
You do not have to manually arm or
disarm the system.
The system is automatically armed
when the key is removed from
the ignition.
• The liftgate is unlocked or
opened with the key.
• The battery is reconnected.
• The side windows are tapped or
broken.
The security light flashes when the
system is armed.
Only the correct key starts the
vehicle.
If the engine does not start, there
could be a problem with the
theft-deterrent system. Turn the
ignition off and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and
the key appears to be undamaged,
try another ignition key. Check
the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 9-38.
If the engine still does not start with
the other key, the vehicle needs
service. If the vehicle does start, the
first key may be faulty. See your
dealer/retailer who can service the
theft-deterrent system and have
a new key made.
Do not leave the key or device that
disarms or deactivates the theft
deterrent system in the vehicle.
Immobilizer
See Radio Frequency Statement
(US, Can) on page 12-16 for
information regarding Part 15 of
the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and
RSS-210/211 of Industry and
Science Canada.
1-9
The security light is in the center of
the instrument panel. It comes
on if there is a problem with arming
or disarming the theft-deterrent
system.
1-10
Keys, Doors and Windows
If any of the following conditions
occur, contact your dealer/retailer.
Exterior Mirrors
• The security light stays on.
• The security light does not start
Power Mirrors
flashing when the key is
removed from the ignition.
• The security light flashes
3. Move the selector switch back to
the center. This locks the mirrors
in place.
Folding Mirrors
inconsistently.
Manually fold the mirrors inward to
prevent damage when going through
an automatic car wash. To fold, push
the mirror toward the vehicle. Push
the mirror outward, to return to its
original position.
See your dealer/retailer to have a
new key with a transponder made.
In an emergency, contact
Roadside Assistance Program.
See Roadside Assistance Program
on page 12-6.
Do not leave the key or device that
disarms or deactivates the theft
deterrent system in the vehicle.
2. Use the arrows on the control
pad to adjust the direction of
the mirror.
The controls are located to
the left of the steering wheel
on the instrument panel. The
vehicle must be in ON/RUN or
ACC/ACCESSORY to adjust the
mirrors.
1. Adjust either mirror by pushing
the selector switch to the
L (left) or R (right).
Keys, Doors and Windows
Interior Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror
Adjust the inside rearview mirror
to see clearly behind the vehicle.
Hold the mirror in the center to
move it up, down, and side to
side. The day/night lever lets you
adjust the mirror to avoid glare from
headlamps behind your vehicle.
Move the lever to the right for
nighttime use and back to the
center for daytime use.
Vehicles with OnStar have three
additional control buttons located at
the bottom of the mirror. See your
dealer/retailer for more information
on the system and how to subscribe
to OnStar. See OnStar® System on
page 4-23 for more information on
the services OnStar provides.
1-11
Windows
{ CAUTION
Leaving children, helpless adults,
or pets in a vehicle with the
windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by
the extreme heat and suffer
permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Never leave a
child, a helpless adult, or a pet
alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or
hot weather.
Manual Windows
Turn the crank on the door to open
and close a manual window.
1-12
Keys, Doors and Windows
Power Windows
AUTO (Express-Down): Press all
the way down and release to lower
the driver window automatically. Pull
up at any time to stop the window
from lowering.
{ CAUTION
Leaving children in a vehicle with
the keys is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could
be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power
windows or other controls or even
make the vehicle move. The
windows will function and they
could be seriously injured or killed
if caught in the path of a closing
window. Do not leave keys in a
vehicle with children.
When there are children in the
rear seat use the window lockout
button to prevent unintentional
operation of the windows.
o (Lock-Out): Press the lock-out
button, located on the driver door,
to disable the passenger power
windows and again to enable them.
On vehicles with this feature, the
power windows only work when the
ignition is turned to ON/RUN or
in Retained Accessory Power
(RAP). See Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) on page 8-18.
Switches on the driver door control
the driver and passenger windows.
Each passenger door has a
switch to control that window.
Press or pull the front of a switch to
lower or raise a window.
Only the driver window can be
operated when the lock-out feature
is used.
Sun Visors
Pull the visor toward you or move it
to the side to help reduce glare.
To use the mirror, slide the attached
cover.
Keys, Doors and Windows
Roof
Sunroof
On vehicles with a sunroof, the
controls are on the overhead
console. The ignition must be in
ON/RUN or Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) for the sunroof
to work.
TILT: Slide the sunshade back.
Press to tilt the sunroof. Press again
to stop movement at any time.
DOWN: Press to lower the sunroof.
SLIDE: Press to open the sunroof. It
express opens and stops before the
fully open position. Press again to
fully open. Press the switch at any
time to stop the sunroof from moving.
If the sunshade is closed it opens
with the sunroof.
CLOSE: Press to express close
the sunroof. Press again to
stop movement at any time.
The sunshade must be closed
by hand.
Anti-Pinch Feature
If there is an obstruction when
the sunroof is closing, it stops and
partly opens again. Remove the
obstruction and press the button
again to close the sunroof.
1-13
1-14
Keys, Doors and Windows
✍ NOTES
Seats and Restraints
Seats and
Restraints
Safety System Check ...........2-21
Safety Belt Care ..................2-22
Replacing Safety Belt
System Parts After
a Crash ............................2-22
Airbag System
Head Restraints
Head Restraints ....................2-2
Active Head Restraints ...........2-3
Front Seats
Seat Position ........................2-3
Seat Adjustment ....................2-4
Reclining Seatbacks ..............2-4
Folding Seatback ..................2-6
Rear Seats
Rear Seats ...........................2-7
Safety Belts
Safety Belts ..........................2-8
How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly ............................2-12
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................2-18
Safety Belt Use During
Pregnancy ........................2-20
Safety Belt Extender ............2-21
Airbag System ....................2-23
Where Are the Airbags? .......2-24
When Should an Airbag
Inflate? .............................2-26
What Makes an Airbag
Inflate? .............................2-27
How Does an Airbag
Restrain? ..........................2-28
What Will You See After
an Airbag Inflates? .............2-28
Passenger Sensing
System .............................2-29
Servicing the
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .....2-34
Adding Equipment to the
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .....2-35
Airbag System Check ...........2-36
Replacing Airbag System
Parts After a Crash ............2-36
Child Restraints
2-1
Older Children .....................2-37
Infants and Young
Children ............................2-38
Child Restraint Systems ........2-41
Where to Put the
Restraint ...........................2-43
Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children (LATCH
System) ............................2-45
Replacing LATCH System
Parts After a Crash ............2-51
Securing Child Restraints
(Rear Seat Position) ...........2-51
Securing Child Restraints
(Right Front Seat Position) ....2-53
2-2
Seats and Restraints
Head Restraints
The front seats have adjustable
head restraints. The rear seats have
adjustable headrests in all seating
positions.
{ CAUTION
With head restraints that are not
installed and adjusted properly,
there is a greater chance that
occupants will suffer a neck/spinal
injury in a crash. Do not drive
until the head restraints for all
occupants are installed and
adjusted properly.
Adjust the head restraint so that the
top of the restraint is at the same
height as the top of the occupant’s
head. This position reduces the
chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Pull the head restraint up to
raise it.
To lower the head restraint,
press the button, located on the
top of the seatback, and push the
restraint down.
Push down on the head restraint
after the button is released to make
sure that it is locked in place.
Seats and Restraints
The head restraints are not
designed to be removed.
Front Seats
Always raise the rear center head
rest at least one position when there
is a passenger seated there.
Seat Position
Active Head Restraints
Active Head Restraint System
The vehicle has an active head
restraint system in the front seating
positions. These automatically tilt
forward to reduce the risk of neck
injury if the vehicle is hit from behind.
2-3
To move a manual seat forward or
rearward:
{ CAUTION
You can lose control of the
vehicle if you try to adjust a
manual driver’s seat while the
vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push
a pedal when you do not want to.
Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
1. Lift the bar to unlock the seat.
2. Slide the seat to the desired
position and release the bar.
Try to move the seat to be sure it is
locked in place.
2-4
Seats and Restraints
Seat Adjustment
Reclining Seatbacks
{ CAUTION
You can lose control of the
vehicle if you try to adjust a
manual driver’s seat while the
vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push
a pedal when you do not want to.
Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
The driver seat height adjuster is
located on the outboard side of the
seat. To raise or lower the seat,
pull up or push down on the lever
repeatedly until the seat is at the
desired height.
{ CAUTION
If either seatback is not locked, it
could move forward in a sudden
stop or crash. That could cause
injury to the person sitting there.
Always push and pull on the
seatbacks to be sure they are
locked.
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
Sitting in a reclined position when
the vehicle is in motion can be
dangerous. Even when buckled
up, the safety belts cannot do
their job when reclined like this.
The shoulder belt cannot do its
job because it will not be against
your body. Instead, it will be in
front of you. In a crash, you could
go into it, receiving neck or other
injuries.
CAUTION
2-5
(Continued)
The lap belt cannot do its job
either. In a crash, the belt could
go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not
at your pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the
vehicle is in motion, have the
seatback upright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear the
safety belt properly.
(Continued)
On vehicles with manual reclining
seatbacks the lever used to operate
them is located on the outboard
side of the seat.
To recline the seatback:
1. Lift the recline lever.
2. Move the seatback to the desired
position, then release the lever to
lock the seatback in place.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to
make sure it is locked.
To return the seatback to an upright
position:
1. Lift the lever fully, without
applying pressure to the
seatback, and the seatback will
return to the upright position.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to
make sure it is locked.
2-6
Seats and Restraints
Folding Seatback
{ CAUTION
If you fold the seatback forward to
carry longer objects, such as skis,
be sure any such cargo is not near
an airbag. In a crash, an inflating
airbag might force that object
toward a person. This could
cause severe injury or even death.
Secure objects away from the area
in which an airbag would inflate.
For more information, see Where
Are the Airbags? on page 2-24.
{ CAUTION
Things you put on this seatback
can strike and injure people in a
sudden stop or turn, or in a crash.
Remove or secure all items
before driving.
On vehicles with this feature, the
seatback folds down to allow for
more cargo space. When the area
is not being used for more cargo
space or as a temporary table, put
the seatback in the locked, upright
position. Only adjust the seat when
the vehicle is not moving.
To fold the seatback down:
1. Move the seat rearward.
2. Lower the head restraint to the
lowest position and make sure
the seatback is at the most
upright position and locked.
3. Pull up on one of the levers
located on either side of the back
of the passenger seatback.
4. Fold the seatback down.
Seats and Restraints
To raise the seatback:
1. Pull up on one of the levers
located on either side of the back
of the passenger’s seatback.
2. Pull the seatback up and push it
back to lock it into place. Make
sure the safety belt is not twisted
or caught in the seatback.
3. Push and pull the top of the
seatback to be sure it is
locked into position.
4. Use the reclining front seatback
lever to adjust the seatback to a
comfortable position.
2-7
Rear Seats
You can fold either side of the
seatback down. The rear right side
seatback can also be used as a
temporary table while the vehicle
is stopped.
{ CAUTION
A rear seatback folded forward,
or any other object contacting or
pressing the front seatback may
affect the proper functioning of
the passenger sensing system.
See Passenger Sensing System
on page 2-29.
To fold either seatback down:
1. Move the front seat forward
and the seatback to the upright
position.
2. Move the headrests all the
way down.
3. Pull up on the lock release knob,
located on the top outboard side
of the seatback.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with
the safety belts still fastened may
cause damage to the seat or the
safety belts. Always unbuckle the
safety belts and return them to
their normal stowed position
before folding a rear seat.
4. Fold the seatback down.
2-8
Seats and Restraints
To raise the seatback:
1. Pull the seatback up and
push it back to lock it into place.
The safety belts should not be
twisted or caught in the seatback.
{ CAUTION
A safety belt that is improperly
routed, not properly attached,
or twisted will not provide the
protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could
be seriously injured. After raising
the rear seatback, always check
to be sure that the safety belts are
properly routed and attached, and
are not twisted.
2. Push and pull the top of the
seatback to check that it is locked
into position.
{ CAUTION
If either seatback is not locked, it
could move forward in a sudden
stop or crash. That could cause
injury to the person sitting there.
Always push and pull on the
seatbacks to be sure they are
locked.
Safety Belts
This section of the manual describes
how to use safety belts properly.
It also describes some things not
to do with safety belts.
{ CAUTION
Do not let anyone ride where
a safety belt cannot be worn
properly. In a crash, if you or your
passenger(s) are not wearing
safety belts, the injuries can be
much worse. You can hit things
inside the vehicle harder or be
ejected from the vehicle. You and
your passenger(s) can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash,
you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your
passenger(s) are restrained
properly too.
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
It is extremely dangerous to ride
in a cargo area, inside or outside
of a vehicle. In a collision, people
riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or
killed. Do not allow people to ride
in any area of your vehicle that
is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in
your vehicle is in a seat and using
a safety belt properly.
This vehicle has indicators as a
reminder to buckle the safety belts.
See Safety Belt Reminders on
page 4-11 for additional information.
In most states and in all Canadian
provinces, the law requires wearing
safety belts. Here is why:
2-9
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything,
you go as fast as it goes.
You never know if you will be in a
crash. If you do have a crash, you do
not know if it will be a serious one.
A few crashes are mild, and some
crashes can be so serious that even
buckled up, a person would not
survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people
who buckle up can survive and
sometimes walk away. Without
safety belts they could have been
badly hurt or killed.
After more than 40 years of safety
belts in vehicles, the facts are clear.
In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose
it is just a seat on wheels.
2-10
Seats and Restraints
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the
vehicle. The rider does not stop.
The person keeps going until
stopped by something. In a real
vehicle, it could be the windshield...
Seats and Restraints
2-11
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle
after a crash if I am wearing a
safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as
the vehicle does. You get more time
to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the
forces. That is why safety belts make
such good sense.
wearing a safety belt or not. But
your chance of being conscious
during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is
much greater if you are belted.
And you can unbuckle a safety
belt, even if you are upside down.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why
should I have to wear safety
belts?
A: Airbags are supplemental
systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of
them. Whether or not an airbag
is provided, all occupants still
have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That is true not only
in frontal collisions, but especially
in side and other collisions.
2-12
Seats and Restraints
Q: If I am a good driver, and I
never drive far from home,
why should I wear safety
belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver,
but if you are in a crash — even
one that is not your fault — you
and your passenger(s) can be
hurt. Being a good driver does not
protect you from things beyond
your control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within
25 miles (40 km) of home.
And the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths
occur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly
This section is only for people of
adult size.
First, before you or your
passenger(s) wear a safety belt,
there is important information
you should know.
Be aware that there are special
things to know about safety belts
and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and infants.
If a child will be riding in the vehicle,
see Older Children on page 2-37
or Infants and Young Children on
page 2-38. Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
It is very important for all occupants
to buckle up. Statistics show that
unbelted people are hurt more often
in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Occupants who are not buckled up
can be thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are
wearing safety belts.
Sit up straight and always keep
your feet on the floor in front of you.
The lap part of the belt should be
worn low and snug on the hips,
just touching the thighs. In a crash,
this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones and you would be less likely
to slide under the lap belt.
Seats and Restraints
If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force on your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
Q: What is wrong with this?
2-13
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously hurt if your
shoulder belt is too loose. In a
crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase
injury. The shoulder belt should fit
snugly against your body.
The shoulder belt locks if there is a
sudden stop or crash.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose.
It will not give as much
protection this way.
2-14
Seats and Restraints
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION
Q: What is wrong with this?
You can be seriously hurt if your
lap belt is too loose. In a crash,
you could slide under the lap belt
and apply force on your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The lap belt should
be worn low and snug on the
hips, just touching the thighs.
A: The lap belt is too loose. It will
not give nearly as much
protection this way.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong
buckle.
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
Q: What is wrong with this?
You can be seriously injured if
your belt is buckled in the wrong
place like this. In a crash, the belt
would go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not
on the pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
2-15
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured if
your belt goes over an armrest
like this. The belt would be much
too high. In a crash, you can slide
under the belt. The belt force
would then be applied on the
abdomen, not on the pelvic
bones, and that could cause
serious or fatal injuries. Be sure
the belt goes under the armrests.
A: The belt is over an armrest.
2-16
Seats and Restraints
Q: What is wrong with this?
A: The shoulder belt is worn under
the arm. It should be worn over
the shoulder at all times.
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured if you
wear the shoulder belt under your
arm. In a crash, your body would
move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and
neck injury. Also, the belt would
apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as
shoulder bones. You could also
severely injure internal organs like
your liver or spleen. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest.
Q: What is wrong with this?
A: The belt is behind the body.
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured by
not wearing the lap-shoulder belt
properly. In a crash, you would not
be restrained by the shoulder belt.
Your body could move too far
forward increasing the chance of
head and neck injury. You might
also slide under the lap belt.
The belt force would then be
applied right on the abdomen.
That could cause serious or fatal
injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across
the chest.
Q: What is wrong with this?
2-17
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured by a
twisted belt. In a crash, you would
not have the full width of the belt
to spread impact forces. If a belt
is twisted, make it straight so it
can work properly, or ask your
dealer/retailer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across
the body.
2-18
Seats and Restraints
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All seating positions in the vehicle
have a lap-shoulder belt.
The following instructions explain
how to wear a lap-shoulder belt
properly.
1. Adjust the seat so you can sit up
straight. To see how, see “Seats”
in the Index.
2. Pick up the latch plate and pull
the belt across you. Do not let
it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if
you pull the belt across you very
quickly. If this happens, let the
belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
If the shoulder portion of a
passenger belt is pulled out
all the way, the child restraint
locking feature may be engaged.
If this happens, let the belt go
back all the way and start again.
3. Push the latch plate into the
buckle until it clicks.
If the latch plate will not go fully
into the buckle, check if the
correct buckle is being used.
The buckle for the center rear
passenger position (A) has
the word CENTER on it.
Pull up on the latch plate to
make sure it is secure. If the belt
is not long enough, see Safety
Belt Extender on page 2-21.
Position the release button on
the buckle so that the safety belt
could be quickly unbuckled if
necessary.
Seats and Restraints
4. If equipped with a shoulder belt
height adjuster, move it to the
height that is right for you.
See “Shoulder Belt Height
Adjustment” later in this section
for instructions on use and
important safety information.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull
up on the shoulder belt.
It may be necessary to pull
stitching on the safety belt
through the latch plate to fully
tighten the lap belt on smaller
occupants.
2-19
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
The vehicle has a shoulder belt
height adjuster for the driver and
right front passenger seating
positions.
To unlatch the belt, push the button
on the buckle. The belt should
return to its stowed position.
Before a door is closed, be sure the
safety belt is out of the way. If a door
is slammed against a safety belt,
damage can occur to both the safety
belt and the vehicle.
Adjust the height so that the
shoulder portion of the belt is
centered on the shoulder.
The belt should be away from
the face and neck, but not falling
off of the shoulder. Improper
shoulder belt height adjustment
could reduce the effectiveness of
the safety belt in a crash.
2-20
Seats and Restraints
pretensioners cannot be seen, they
are part of the safety belt assembly.
They can help tighten the safety belts
during the early stages of a moderate
to severe frontal and near frontal
crash if the threshold conditions
for pretensioner activation are met.
And, if the vehicle has side impact
airbags, safety belt pretensioners
can help tighten the safety belts in
a side crash.
Push down on the release button
and move the height adjuster to the
desired position. The adjuster can be
moved up by pushing on the front of
the height adjuster.
After the adjuster is set to the
desired position, try to move it down
without pushing the button to make
sure it has locked into position.
Safety Belt Pretensioners
This vehicle has safety belt
pretensioners for the front outboard
occupants. Although the safety belt
Safety Belt Use During
Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone,
including pregnant women. Like all
occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they do not wear
safety belts.
If the passenger sensing system
detects that there is not a passenger
in the right front passenger position,
the safety belt pretensioner for
that position will not activate.
See Passenger Sensing System
on page 2-29.
Pretensioners work only once. If the
pretensioners activate in a crash,
they will need to be replaced, and
probably other new parts for your
safety belt system. See Replacing
Safety Belt System Parts After a
Crash on page 2-22.
A pregnant woman should wear a
lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion
should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout
the pregnancy.
Seats and Restraints
The best way to protect the fetus is
to protect the mother. When a safety
belt is worn properly, it is more likely
that the fetus will not be hurt in a
crash. For pregnant women, as for
anyone, the key to making safety
belts effective is wearing them
properly.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten
around you, you should use it.
But if a safety belt is not long
enough, your dealer/retailer will
order you an extender. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat
you will wear, so the extender will be
long enough for you. To help avoid
personal injury, do not let someone
else use it, and use it only for the
seat it is made to fit. The extender
has been designed for adults.
Never use it for securing child seats.
To wear it, just attach it to the regular
safety belt. For more information, see
the instruction sheet that comes with
the extender.
2-21
When a safety belt extender is
installed in the right front passenger
safety belt, make sure the passenger
airbag status indicator displays
ON. See Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 4-13. If the
indicator shows OFF, disconnect
the extender’s latch from the buckle
then reconnect the safety belt.
The passenger airbag status
indicator light should be ON
and then the safety belt extender
can be reconnected. If the safety
belt extender is used while the
passenger airbag status indicator
light is OFF, the right front passenger
frontal and seat-mounted side impact
airbags (if equipped) may not
activate correctly.
Safety System Check
Always disconnect the extender
from the safety belt after you
use it so that the airbag will work
properly the next time someone
uses that seat.
Keep safety belts clean and dry.
See Safety Belt Care on page 2-22.
Now and then, check that the safety
belt reminder light, safety belts,
buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts that might
keep a safety belt system from doing
its job. See your dealer/retailer to
have it repaired. Torn or frayed
safety belts may not protect you in
a crash. They can rip apart under
impact forces. If a belt is torn or
frayed, get a new one right away.
Make sure the safety belt reminder
light is working. See Safety Belt
Reminders on page 4-11 for more
information.
2-22
Seats and Restraints
Safety Belt Care
Keep belts clean and dry.
{ CAUTION
Do not bleach or dye safety belts.
It may severely weaken them.
In a crash, they might not be able
to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Replacing Safety Belt
System Parts After
a Crash
{ CAUTION
A crash can damage the
safety belt system in the vehicle.
A damaged safety belt system
may not properly protect the
person using it, resulting in serious
injury or even death in a crash.
To help make sure the safety belt
systems are working properly after
a crash, have them inspected and
any necessary replacements made
as soon as possible.
After a minor crash, replacement of
safety belts may not be necessary.
But the safety belt assemblies
that were used during any crash
may have been stressed or
damaged. See your dealer/retailer
to have the safety belt assemblies
inspected or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be
necessary even if the safety belt
system was not being used at
the time of the crash.
Have the safety belt pretensioners
checked if the vehicle has been in
a crash, or if the airbag readiness
light stays on after you start
the vehicle or while you are driving.
See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 4-12.
Seats and Restraints
Airbag System
This vehicle has the following
airbags:
• A frontal airbag for the driver.
• A frontal airbag for the right front
passenger.
The vehicle may have the following
airbags:
• A seat-mounted side impact
airbag for the driver.
• A seat-mounted side impact
airbag for the right front
passenger.
• A roof-rail airbag for the driver
and the passenger seated
directly behind the driver.
• A roof-rail airbag for the
right front passenger and the
passenger seated directly behind
the right front passenger.
All of the airbags in the vehicle will
have the word AIRBAG embossed in
the trim or on an attached label near
the deployment opening.
For frontal airbags, the word
AIRBAG will appear on the middle
part of the steering wheel for the
driver and on the instrument panel
for the right front passenger.
With seat-mounted side impact
airbags, the word AIRBAG
will appear on the side of the
seatback closest to the door.
With roof-rail airbags, the word
AIRBAG will appear along the
headliner or trim.
Airbags are designed to supplement
the protection provided by safety
belts. Even though today’s airbags
are also designed to help reduce the
risk of injury from the force of an
inflating bag, all airbags must inflate
very quickly to do their job.
2-23
Here are the most important things
to know about the airbag system:
{ CAUTION
You can be severely injured or
killed in a crash if you are not
wearing your safety belt — even if
you have airbags. Airbags are
designed to work with safety belts,
but do not replace them. Also,
airbags are not designed to deploy
in every crash. In some crashes
safety belts are your only restraint.
See When Should an Airbag
Inflate? on page 2-26.
Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or
being ejected from it. Airbags are
“supplemental restraints” to the
safety belts. Everyone in your
vehicle should wear a safety belt
properly — whether or not there
is an airbag for that person.
2-24
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Airbags inflate with great force,
faster than the blink of an eye.
Anyone who is up against, or very
close to, any airbag when it inflates
can be seriously injured or killed.
Do not sit unnecessarily close to
the airbag, as you would be if you
were sitting on the edge of your
seat or leaning forward. Safety
belts help keep you in position
before and during a crash. Always
wear your safety belt, even with
airbags. The driver should sit as
far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle.
Children who are up against, or
very close to, any airbag when it
inflates can be seriously injured or
killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer protection for adults and
older children, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor
its airbag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants
need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
Always secure children properly
in your vehicle. To read how, see
Older Children on page 2-37 or
Infants and Young Children on
page 2-38.
Occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door or side
windows in seating positions with
seat-mounted side impact airbags
and/or roof-rail airbags.
There is an airbag readiness
light on the instrument panel cluster,
which shows the airbag symbol.
The system checks the airbag
electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. See Airbag
Readiness Light on page 4-12 for
more information.
Where Are the Airbags?
The driver frontal airbag is in the
middle of the steering wheel.
Seats and Restraints
The right front passenger frontal
airbag is in the instrument panel on
the passenger’s side.
If the vehicle has roof-rail airbags for
the driver, right front passenger, and
second row outboard passengers,
they are in the ceiling above the side
windows.
{ CAUTION
Driver Side shown,
Passenger Side similar
If the vehicle has seat-mounted side
impact airbags for the driver and right
front passenger, they are in the side
of the seatbacks closest to the door.
If something is between an
occupant and an airbag, the airbag
might not inflate properly or it might
force the object into that person
causing severe injury or even
death. The path of an inflating
airbag must be kept clear. Do not
put anything between an occupant
and an airbag, and do not attach or
put anything on the steering wheel
hub or on or near any other airbag
covering.
(Continued)
CAUTION
2-25
(Continued)
Do not use seat accessories
that block the inflation path of a
seat-mounted side impact airbag.
Never secure anything to the roof
of a vehicle with roof-rail airbags
by routing a rope or tie down
through any door or window
opening. If you do, the path of
an inflating roof-rail airbag will
be blocked.
2-26
Seats and Restraints
When Should an Airbag
Inflate?
Frontal airbags may inflate at
different crash speeds. For example:
Frontal airbags are designed to
inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes to help
reduce the potential for severe
injuries mainly to the driver or right
front passenger head and chest.
However, they are only designed
to inflate if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment
threshold. Deployment thresholds
are used to predict how severe a
crash is likely to be in time for the
airbags to inflate and help restrain
the occupants.
object, the airbags could inflate
at a different crash speed than if
the vehicle hits a moving object.
Whether the frontal airbags will
or should deploy is not based on
how fast the vehicle is traveling.
It depends largely on what you
hit, the direction of the impact,
and how quickly your vehicle
slows down.
• If the vehicle hits a stationary
• If the vehicle hits an object that
deforms, the airbags could inflate
at a different crash speed than if
the vehicle hits an object that
does not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object
(like a pole), the airbags could
inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a wide
object (like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object
at an angle, the airbags could
inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle goes straight
into the object.
Thresholds can also vary with
specific vehicle design.
Frontal airbags are not intended to
inflate during vehicle rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts.
Frontal airbags for the driver and
right front passenger may also
deploy if a serious impact occurs to
the underside of the vehicle such as
hitting a curb, falling into a deep hole,
or landing hard.
In addition, the vehicle has
dual-stage frontal airbags.
Dual-stage airbags adjust the
restraint according to crash severity.
The vehicle has electronic frontal
sensors, which help the sensing
system distinguish between a
moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. For moderate
frontal impacts, dual-stage airbags
inflate at a level less than full
deployment. For more severe frontal
impacts, full deployment occurs.
Seats and Restraints
The vehicle has seat-mounted
side impact and roof-rail airbags.
See Airbag System on page 2-23.
Seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags are intended to
inflate in moderate to severe side
crashes. Seat-mounted side impact
and roof-rail airbags will inflate if the
crash severity is above the system’s
designed threshold level. The vehicle
has sensors which detect side
impacts. These sensors signal the
appropriate side impact airbag to
inflate. The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design.
Seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags are not intended to
inflate in frontal impacts, near-frontal
impacts, rollovers, or rear impacts.
A seat-mounted side impact airbag
is intended to deploy on the side of
the vehicle that is struck. A roof-rail
airbag is intended to deploy on the
side of the vehicle that is struck. It is
possible that, in a crash involving the
rear side of your vehicle, that only the
roof-mounted airbag will deploy.
In any particular crash, no one
can say whether an airbag should
have inflated simply because of
the damage to a vehicle or because
of what the repair costs were.
For frontal airbags, inflation is
determined by what the vehicle
hits, the angle of the impact, and
how quickly the vehicle slows down.
For seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags, deployment is
determined by the location and
severity of the side impact.
2-27
What Makes an Airbag
Inflate?
In a deployment event, the sensing
system sends an electrical signal
triggering a release of gas from the
inflator. Gas from the inflator fills the
airbag causing the bag to break out
of the cover and deploy. The inflator,
the airbag, and related hardware are
all part of the airbag module.
Frontal airbag modules are located
inside the steering wheel and
instrument panel. For vehicles with
seat-mounted side impact airbags,
there are airbag modules in the side
of the front seatbacks closest to the
door. For vehicles with roof-rail
airbags, there are airbag modules in
the ceiling of the vehicle, near the
side windows that have occupant
seating positions.
2-28
Seats and Restraints
How Does an Airbag
Restrain?
What Will You See After
an Airbag Inflates?
In moderate to severe frontal or
near frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steering
wheel or the instrument panel.
In moderate to severe side collisions,
even belted occupants can contact
the inside of the vehicle.
Airbags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Frontal
airbags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly over the
occupant’s upper body, stopping
the occupant more gradually.
Seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags distribute the force
of the impact more evenly over the
occupant’s upper body.
But airbags would not help in many
types of collisions, primarily because
the occupant’s motion is not toward
those airbags. See When Should an
Airbag Inflate? on page 2-26 for
more information.
Airbags should never be regarded
as anything more than a supplement
to safety belts.
After the frontal airbags and
seat-mounted side impact airbags
inflate, they quickly deflate, so
quickly that some people may not
even realize an airbag inflated.
Roof-rail airbags may still be at least
partially inflated for some time after
they deploy. Some components of
the airbag module may be hot for
several minutes. For location of the
airbag modules, see What Makes
an Airbag Inflate? on page 2-27.
The parts of the airbag that come
into contact with you may be warm,
but not too hot to touch. There may
be some smoke and dust coming
from the vents in the deflated
airbags. Airbag inflation does not
prevent the driver from seeing out
of the windshield or being able to
steer the vehicle, nor does it prevent
people from leaving the vehicle.
{ CAUTION
When an airbag inflates, there
may be dust in the air. This dust
could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma
or other breathing trouble.
To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon
as it is safe to do so. If you have
breathing problems but cannot get
out of the vehicle after an airbag
inflates, then get fresh air by
opening a window or a door. If you
experience breathing problems
following an airbag deployment,
you should seek medical attention.
The vehicle has a feature that may
automatically unlock the doors, turn
the interior lamps on, and turn the
hazard warning flashers on when
the airbags inflate. You can lock
the doors, turn the interior lamps off,
and turn the hazard warning flashers
off by using the controls for those
features.
Seats and Restraints
In many crashes severe enough to
inflate the airbag, windshields are
broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage
may also occur from the right front
passenger airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate
only once. After an airbag inflates,
you will need some new parts for
the airbag system. If you do not
get them, the airbag system will
not be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system
will include airbag modules and
possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers
the need to replace other parts.
• The vehicle has a crash sensing
and diagnostic module which
records information after a crash.
See Vehicle Data Recording and
Privacy on page 12-14 and Event
Data Recorders on page 12-14.
• Let only qualified technicians work
on the airbag systems. Improper
service can mean that an airbag
system will not work properly.
See your dealer/retailer for
service.
Passenger Sensing
System
The vehicle has a passenger
sensing system for the right front
passenger position. The passenger
airbag status indicator will be visible
in the instrument panel when the
vehicle is started.
2-29
OFF will be visible depending on
whether the seat is occupied and/or
the weight of the occupant. If the
seat is unoccupied, the light will not
be visible after the system check.
See Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 4-13.
The passenger sensing system will
turn off the right front passenger
frontal airbag and seat-mounted
side impact airbag under certain
conditions. The driver airbags and
the roof-rail airbags are not affected
by the passenger sensing system.
The passenger sensing system will
also turn off the right front passenger
frontal airbag, seat-mounted side
impact airbag (if equipped), and
safety belt pretensioner if it detects
that there is no occupant in that
position.
The words ON and OFF will be
visible during the system check.
When the system check is complete,
either the word ON or the word
The passenger sensing system
works with sensors that are part
of the right front passenger seat.
2-30
Seats and Restraints
The sensors are designed to detect
the presence of a properly-seated
occupant and determine if the right
front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped) should be enabled
(may inflate) or not.
According to accident statistics,
children and infants are safer
when properly restrained in a child
restraint system or infant restraint
system secured in a rear seating
position.
We recommend that children be
secured in a rear seat, including:
an infant or a child riding in a
rear-facing child restraint; a child
riding in a forward-facing child seat;
an older child riding in a booster
seat; and children, who are
large enough, using safety belts.
A label on the sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk
to the rear-facing child is so great,
if the airbag deploys.
{ CAUTION
A child in a rear-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured or
killed if the right front passenger
airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to
the inflating airbag. A child in a
forward-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if
the right front passenger airbag
inflates and the passenger seat
is in a forward position.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
Even if the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact
airbag (if equipped), no system
is fail-safe. No one can guarantee
that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual
circumstance, even though
the airbag(s) are off.
Secure rear-facing child restraints
in a rear seat, even if the airbag(s)
are off. If you secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the
right front seat, always move the
front passenger seat as far back as
it will go. It is better to secure the
child restraint in a rear seat.
Seats and Restraints
The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right front
passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped) if:
• The right front passenger seat is
• The right front passenger seat is
with the airbag system or the
passenger sensing system.
unoccupied.
• The system determines that an
infant is present in a rear-facing
infant seat.
• The system determines that a
small child is present in a child
restraint.
• The system determines that
a small child is present in a
booster seat.
• A right front passenger takes
his/her weight off of the seat for a
period of time.
occupied by a smaller person,
such as a child who has outgrown
child restraints.
• Or, if there is a critical problem
When the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped), the off indicator will
light and stay lit to remind you that
the airbags are off. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on
page 4-13.
The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn on (may inflate) the
right front passenger frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped) anytime the system
senses that a person of adult size
is sitting properly in the right front
passenger seat.
2-31
When the passenger sensing
system has allowed the airbags
and pretensioner to be enabled,
the on indicator will light and stay
lit to remind you that the airbags
and pretensioner are active.
For some children who have
outgrown child restraints and for
very small adults, the passenger
sensing system may or may not
turn off the right front passenger
frontal airbag and seat-mounted
side impact airbag (if equipped),
depending upon the person’s seating
posture and body build. Everyone in
the vehicle who has outgrown child
restraints should wear a safety belt
properly — whether or not there is an
airbag for that person.
2-32
Seats and Restraints
If the airbag readiness light and the
OFF light in the passenger airbag
status indicator come on together,
it may mean there is a malfunction
in the passenger sensing system.
Secure the child in the child restraint
in a rear seat position in the vehicle
and check with your dealer/retailer.
{ CAUTION
If the airbag readiness light ever
comes on and stays on, it means
that something may be wrong with
the airbag system. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have
the vehicle serviced right away.
See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 4-12 for more information,
including important safety
information.
If the On Indicator is Lit for a
Child Restraint
If a child restraint has been installed
and the on indicator is lit:
1. Turn the vehicle off.
2. Remove the child restraint from
the vehicle.
3. Remove any additional items
from the seat such as blankets,
cushions, seat covers, seat
heaters, or seat massagers.
4. Reinstall the child restraint with
the ignition key in the ACC or
LOCK position while following the
directions provided by the child
restraint manufacturer and refer
to Securing Child Restraints
(Rear Seat Position) on
page 2-51 or Securing Child
Restraints (Right Front Seat
Position) on page 2-53.
5. If, after reinstalling the child
restraint and restarting the
vehicle, the on indicator is still lit,
turn the vehicle off. Then slightly
recline the vehicle seatback
and adjust the seat cushion, if
adjustable, to make sure that the
vehicle seatback is not pushing
the child restraint into the seat
cushion.
6. Also make sure the child restraint
is not trapped under the vehicle
head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
See Head Restraints on
page 2-2.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure
the child in the child restraint in
a rear seat position in the vehicle,
and check with your dealer/retailer.
Seats and Restraints
If the Off Indicator is Lit for an
Adult-Size Occupant
system to detect that person and
enable the right front passenger
frontal airbag and seat-mounted
side impact airbag (if equipped):
1. Turn the vehicle off.
2. Remove any additional material
from the seat, such as blankets,
cushions, seat covers, seat
heaters, or seat massagers.
3. Place the seatback in the fully
upright position.
If a person of adult-size is sitting in
the right front passenger seat, but
the off indicator is lit, it could be
because that person is not sitting
properly in the seat. If this happens,
use the following steps to allow the
4. Have the person sit upright in
the seat, centered on the seat
cushion, with legs comfortably
extended.
5. Restart the vehicle and have the
person remain in this position for
two to three minutes after the
on indicator is lit.
2-33
Additional Factors Affecting
System Operation
Safety belts help keep the
passenger in position on the
seat during vehicle maneuvers
and braking, which helps the
passenger sensing system maintain
the passenger airbag status.
See “Safety Belts” and “Child
Restraints” in the Index for additional
information about the importance
of proper restraint use.
A thick layer of additional material,
such as a blanket or cushion, or
aftermarket equipment such as
seat covers, seat heaters, seat
backpacks, and seat massagers
can affect how well the passenger
sensing system operates. We
recommend that you not use
seat covers or other aftermarket
equipment except when approved
by GM for your specific vehicle.
See Adding Equipment to the
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 2-35 for more information
about modifications that can affect
how the system operates.
2-34
Seats and Restraints
The passenger sensing system may
suppress the airbag deployment
when liquid soaks into the seat.
If this happens, the off indicator
in the passenger airbag status
indicator and the airbag readiness
light will be lit. Have your
dealer/retailer check the system.
An object, person or child in the
rear seat contacting or pressing
the right front passenger seatback,
or objects stowed under the right
front passenger seat, may affect the
proper functioning of the passenger
sensing system.
When a safety belt extender is
used in the right front passenger
seat, make sure the passenger
airbag status indicator shows
ON. If the indicator shows OFF,
disconnect the extender’s latch from
the buckle then reconnect the safety
belt. The passenger airbag status
indicator light should be ON and
then the safety belt extender can
be reconnected. If the safety belt
extender is used while the passenger
airbag status indicator light is OFF,
the right front passenger frontal and
seat-mounted side impact airbags (if
equipped) may not activate correctly.
{ CAUTION
Stowing of articles under the
passenger seat or between the
passenger seat cushion and
seatback may interfere with the
proper operation of the passenger
sensing system.
Servicing the
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Airbags affect how the vehicle
should be serviced. There are
parts of the airbag system in
several places around the vehicle.
Your dealer/retailer and the service
manual have information about
servicing the vehicle and the airbag
system. To purchase a service
manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 12-12.
{ CAUTION
For up to 10 seconds after the
ignition is turned off and the
battery is disconnected, an airbag
can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you
are close to an airbag when it
inflates. Avoid yellow connectors.
They are probably part of the
airbag system. Be sure to follow
proper service procedures, and
make sure the person performing
work for you is qualified to do so.
Seats and Restraints
Adding Equipment to the
Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Q: Is there anything I might add
to or change about the vehicle
that could keep the airbags
from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that
change the vehicle’s frame,
bumper system, height, front end
or side sheet metal, they may
keep the airbag system from
working properly. Changing or
moving any parts of the front
seats, safety belts, the airbag
sensing and diagnostic module,
steering wheel, instrument panel,
roof-rail airbag modules, ceiling
headliner or pillar garnish trim,
front sensors, side impact
sensors, or airbag wiring can
affect the operation of the airbag
system.
In addition, the vehicle has a
passenger sensing system for
the right front passenger position,
which includes sensors that
are part of the passenger seat.
The passenger sensing system
may not operate properly if the
original seat trim is replaced
with non-GM covers, upholstery
or trim, or with GM covers,
upholstery or trim designed for a
different vehicle. Any object, such
as an aftermarket seat heater or a
comfort enhancing pad or device,
installed under or on top of the
seat fabric, could also interfere
with the operation of the
passenger sensing system.
This could either prevent proper
deployment of the passenger
airbag(s) or prevent the
passenger sensing system from
properly turning off the passenger
airbag(s). See Passenger
Sensing System on page 2-29.
If you have questions, call
Customer Assistance. The phone
numbers and addresses for
2-35
Customer Assistance are in
Step Two of the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure in
this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on
page 12-1.
Q: Because I have a disability,
I have to get my vehicle
modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my
airbag system?
A: If you have questions, call
Customer Assistance. The phone
numbers and addresses for
Customer Assistance are in
Step Two of the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure in
this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on
page 12-1.
In addition, your dealer/retailer and
the service manual have information
about the location of the airbag
sensors, sensing and diagnostic
module and airbag wiring.
2-36
Seats and Restraints
Airbag System Check
The airbag system does not need
regularly scheduled maintenance
or replacement. Make sure the
airbag readiness light is working.
See Airbag Readiness Light
on page 4-12 for more information.
Notice: If an airbag covering
is damaged, opened, or broken,
the airbag may not work properly.
Do not open or break the airbag
coverings. If there are any opened
or broken airbag covers, have
the airbag covering and/or airbag
module replaced. For the
location of the airbag modules,
see What Makes an Airbag
Inflate? on page 2-27. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
Replacing Airbag System
Parts After a Crash
{ CAUTION
A crash can damage the
airbag systems in your vehicle.
A damaged airbag system may not
work properly and may not protect
you and your passenger(s) in a
crash, resulting in serious injury or
even death. To help make sure
your airbag systems are working
properly after a crash, have them
inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as
possible.
If an airbag inflates, you will need
to replace airbag system parts.
See your dealer/retailer for service.
If the airbag readiness light stays on
after the vehicle is started or comes
on when you are driving, the airbag
system may not work properly. Have
the vehicle serviced right away. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 4-12
for more information.
Seats and Restraints
Child Restraints
Older Children
that booster. Use a booster seat
with a lap-shoulder belt until
the child passes the below fit test:
• Sit all the way back on the
seat. Do the knees bend at the
seat edge? If yes, continue.
If no, return to the booster seat.
• Buckle the lap-shoulder belt.
Does the shoulder belt rest on the
shoulder? If yes, continue. If no,
then return to the booster seat.
• Does the lap belt fit low and snug
on the hips, touching the thighs? If
yes, continue. If no, return to the
booster seat.
Older children who have outgrown
booster seats should wear the
vehicle’s safety belts.
The manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the booster seat, state
the weight and height limitations for
• Can proper safety belt fit be
maintained for the length of the
trip? If yes, continue. If no, return
to the booster seat.
2-37
Q: What is the proper way to
wear safety belts?
A: An older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the
additional restraint a shoulder belt
can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck.
The lap belt should fit snugly
below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. This applies belt
force to the child’s pelvic bones in
a crash. It should never be worn
over the abdomen, which could
cause severe or even fatal
internal injuries in a crash.
According to accident statistics,
children and infants are safer when
properly restrained in a child restraint
system or infant restraint system
secured in a rear seating position.
In a crash, children who are not
buckled up can strike other people
who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older
children need to use safety
belts properly.
2-38
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Never do this.
Never do this.
Never allow two children to wear
the same safety belt. The safety
belt can not properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two
children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A safety
belt must be used by only one
person at a time.
Never allow a child to wear the
safety belt with the shoulder belt
behind their back. A child can be
seriously injured by not wearing
the lap-shoulder belt properly.
In a crash, the child would not be
restrained by the shoulder belt.
The child could move too far
forward increasing the chance of
head and neck injury. The child
might also slide under the lap
belt. The belt force would then
be applied right on the abdomen.
That could cause serious or fatal
injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across
the chest.
Infants and Young
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs
protection! This includes infants
and all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and
size of the traveler changes the
need, for everyone, to use safety
restraints. In fact, the law in every
state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says
children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
Children can be seriously injured
or strangled if a shoulder belt is
wrapped around their neck and
the safety belt continues to tighten.
Never leave children unattended in
a vehicle and never allow children
to play with the safety belts.
Airbags plus lap-shoulder belts
offer protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s
safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Every
time infants and young children ride
in vehicles, they should have the
protection provided by appropriate
child restraints.
Children who are not restrained
properly can strike other people, or
can be thrown out of the vehicle.
{ CAUTION
Never do this.
Never hold an infant or a child
while riding in a vehicle. Due to
crash forces, an infant or a child
will become so heavy it is not
possible to hold it during a crash.
For example, in a crash at only
40 km/h (25 mph), a 5.5 kg (12 lb)
infant will suddenly become a
110 kg (240 lb) force on a person’s
arms. An infant should be secured
in an appropriate restraint.
2-39
2-40
Seats and Restraints
For most basic types of child
restraints, there are many
different models available.
When purchasing a child
restraint, be sure it is designed
to be used in a motor vehicle. If it
is, the restraint will have a label
saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
{ CAUTION
Never do this.
Children who are up against, or
very close to, any airbag when it
inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front
seat. Secure a rear-facing child
restraint in a rear seat. It is also
better to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in a rear seat. If you
must secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go.
Q: What are the different types of
add-on child restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which
are purchased by the vehicle’s
owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular
restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s
weight, height, and age but also
whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle
in which it will be used.
The restraint manufacturer’s
instructions that come with the
restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular
child restraint. In addition, there
are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special
needs.
Seats and Restraints
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
To reduce the risk of neck and
head injury during a crash, infants
need complete support. This is
because an infant’s neck is not
fully developed and its head
weighs so much compared with
the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing child
restraint settles into the restraint,
so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest
part of an infant’s body, the back
and shoulders. Infants should
always be secured in rear-facing
child restraints.
A young child’s hip bones are still
so small that the vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low
on the hip bones, as it should.
Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body
area that is unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could
cause serious or fatal injuries.
To reduce the risk of serious or
fatal injuries during a crash, young
children should always be secured
in appropriate child restraints.
2-41
Child Restraint Systems
(A) Rear-Facing Infant Seat
A rear-facing infant seat (A) provides
restraint with the seating surface
against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant
in place and, in a crash, acts to keep
the infant positioned in the restraint.
2-42
Seats and Restraints
Securing an Add-On Child
Restraint in the Vehicle
{ CAUTION
(B) Forward-Facing Child Seat
(C) Booster Seats
A forward-facing child seat (B)
provides restraint for the child’s body
with the harness.
A booster seat (C) is a child
restraint designed to improve the fit
of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
A booster seat can also help a child
to see out the window.
A child can be seriously injured or
killed in a crash if the child restraint
is not properly secured in the
vehicle. Secure the child restraint
properly in the vehicle using the
vehicle’s safety belt or LATCH
system, following the instructions
that came with that child restraint
and the instructions in this manual.
To help reduce the chance of injury,
the child restraint must be secured in
the vehicle. Child restraint systems
must be secured in vehicle seats by
lap belts or the lap belt portion of a
lap-shoulder belt, or by the LATCH
system. See Child Restraint Systems
on page 2-41 for more information.
Seats and Restraints
Children can be endangered in a
crash if the child restraint is not
properly secured in the vehicle.
When securing an add-on child
restraint, refer to the instructions that
come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet,
or both, and to this manual. The child
restraint instructions are important,
so if they are not available, obtain
a replacement copy from the
manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured
child restraint can move around in a
collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to
properly secure any child restraint
in the vehicle — even when no child
is in it.
Securing the Child Within the
Child Restraint
{ CAUTION
A child can be seriously injured
or killed in a crash if the child is
not properly secured in the child
restraint. Secure the child properly
following the instructions that
came with that child restraint.
2-43
Where to Put the
Restraint
According to accident statistics,
children and infants are safer when
properly restrained in a child restraint
system or infant restraint system
secured in a rear seating position.
We recommend that children and
child restraints be secured in a rear
seat, including: an infant or a child
riding in a rear-facing child restraint;
a child riding in a forward-facing child
seat; an older child riding in a booster
seat; and children, who are large
enough, using safety belts.
2-44
Seats and Restraints
A label on the sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child
restraint in the front.” This is
because the risk to the rear-facing
child is so great, if the airbag
deploys.
{ CAUTION
A child in a rear-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured or
killed if the right front passenger
airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to
the inflating airbag. A child in a
forward-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if
the right front passenger airbag
inflates and the passenger seat
is in a forward position.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
Even if the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe. No one can
guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it
is turned off.
Secure rear-facing child restraints
in a rear seat, even if the airbag is
off. If you secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
See Passenger Sensing System
on page 2-29 for additional
information.
When securing a child restraint in
a rear seating position, study the
instructions that came with the child
restraint to make sure it is compatible
with this vehicle.
Wherever a child restraint is
installed, be sure to secure the
child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured
child restraint can move around
in a collision or sudden stop
and injure people in the vehicle.
Be sure to properly secure any
child restraint in the vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Seats and Restraints
Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children
(LATCH System)
The LATCH system holds a child
restraint during driving or in a crash.
This system is designed to make
installation of a child restraint easier.
The LATCH system uses anchors
in the vehicle and attachments
on the child restraint that are made
for use with the LATCH system.
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible
child restraint is properly installed
using the anchors, or use the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint, following the instructions
that came with that restraint, and
also the instructions in this manual.
When installing a child restraint with
a top tether, you must also use either
the lower anchors or the safety belts
to properly secure the child restraint.
A child restraint must never be
installed using only the top tether
and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in
the vehicle, you need a child restraint
that has LATCH attachments. The
child restraint manufacturer provides
instructions on how to use the child
restraint and its attachments. The
following explains how to attach a
child restraint with these attachments
in the vehicle.
Not all vehicle seating positions or
child restraints have lower anchors
and attachments or top tether
anchors and attachments.
2-45
Lower Anchors
Lower anchors (A) are metal
bars built into the vehicle.
There are two lower anchors
for each LATCH seating position
that will accommodate a child
restraint with lower attachments (B).
2-46
Seats and Restraints
Top Tether Anchor
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top
of the child restraint to the vehicle.
A top tether anchor is built into
the vehicle. The top tether
attachment (B) on the child restraint
connects to the top tether anchor in
the vehicle in order to reduce the
forward movement and rotation of
the child restraint during driving or
in a crash.
The child restraint may have
a single tether (A) or a dual
tether (C). Either will have a
single attachment (B) to secure
the top tether to the anchor.
Lower Anchor and Top Tether
Anchor Locations
Some child restraints with top
tethers are designed for use with or
without the top tether being attached.
Others require the top tether always
to be attached. In Canada, the law
requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top tether, and that
the tether be attached. Be sure to
read and follow the instructions for
the child restraint.
Rear Seat
i
(Top Tether Anchor): Seating
positions with top tether anchors.
j (Lower Anchor): Seating
positions with two lower anchors.
Seats and Restraints
Do not secure a child restraint
in a position without a top tether
anchor if a national or local
law requires that the top tether
be attached, or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint
say that the top tether must
be attached.
To assist you in locating the lower
anchors, each seating position
with lower anchors has two labels,
near the crease between the
seatback and the seat cushion.
To assist you in locating the top
tether anchors, the top tether anchor
symbol is located on the cover.
2-47
The top tether anchors are located
on the floor of the rear cargo area.
Open the cover to access the
anchors. If the vehicle has a cargo
mat, you may need to fold it back
to access the top tether anchors.
Be sure to use an anchor located on
the same side of the vehicle as the
seating position where the child
restraint will be placed.
According to accident statistics,
children and infants are safer when
properly restrained in a child restraint
system or infant restraint system
secured in a rear seating position.
See Where to Put the Restraint on
page 2-43 for additional information.
2-48
Seats and Restraints
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH
System
{ CAUTION
If a LATCH-type child restraint is
not attached to anchors, the child
restraint will not be able to protect
the child correctly. In a crash, the
child could be seriously injured or
killed. Install a LATCH-type child
restraint properly using the
anchors, or use the vehicle’s
safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came
with the child restraint and the
instructions in this manual.
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Do not attach more than one
child restraint to a single anchor.
Attaching more than one child
restraint to a single anchor could
cause the anchor or attachment to
come loose or even break during
a crash. A child or others could
be injured. To reduce the risk of
serious or fatal injuries during a
crash, attach only one child
restraint per anchor.
Children can be seriously injured
or strangled if a shoulder belt is
wrapped around their neck and
the safety belt continues to
tighten. Buckle any unused safety
belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull
the shoulder belt all the way out
of the retractor to set the lock, if
your vehicle has one, after the
child restraint has been installed.
Notice: Do not let the LATCH
attachments rub against the
vehicle’s safety belts. This may
damage these parts. If necessary,
move buckled safety belts to
avoid rubbing the LATCH
attachments.
Seats and Restraints
Do not fold the empty rear
seat with a safety belt buckled.
This could damage the safety belt
or the seat. Unbuckle and return
the safety belt to its stowed
position, before folding the seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower
attachments to the lower anchors.
If the child restraint does not have
lower attachments or the desired
seating position does not have
lower anchors, secure the child
restraint with the top tether and
the safety belts. Refer to the
child restraint manufacturer
instructions and the instructions
in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for
the desired seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on
the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower
attachments on the child
restraint to the lower
anchors.
2. If the child restraint manufacturer
recommends that the top tether
be attached, attach and tighten
the top tether to the top tether
anchor, if equipped. Refer to the
child restraint instructions and the
following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. If the vehicle has a cargo
mat, you may need to fold
it back to access the
top tether anchors.
2.3. Open the top tether anchor
cover to expose the anchor.
2-49
2.4. Route, attach, and tighten
the top tether according
to the child restraint
instructions and the
following instructions:
If the position you are using
does not have a headrest or
head restraint and you are
using a single tether, route
the tether over the seatback.
2-50
Seats and Restraints
If the position you are using
does not have a headrest or
head restraint and you are
using a dual tether, route the
tether over the seatback.
If the position you are using
has an adjustable headrest
or head restraint and you are
using a dual tether, route the
tether around the headrest or
head restraint.
If the position you are using
has an adjustable headrest
or head restraint and you
are using a single tether,
raise the headrest or head
restraint and route the tether
under the headrest or head
restraint and in between the
headrest or head restraint
posts.
3. Push and pull the child restraint
in different directions to be sure
it is secure.
Seats and Restraints
Replacing LATCH
System Parts After a
Crash
{ CAUTION
A crash can damage the LATCH
system in the vehicle. A damaged
LATCH system may not properly
secure the child restraint, resulting
in serious injury or even death in
a crash. To help make sure the
LATCH system is working properly
after a crash, see your dealer/
retailer to have the system
inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon
as possible.
2-51
If the vehicle has the LATCH system
and it was being used during a crash,
new LATCH system parts may be
needed.
New parts and repairs may be
necessary even if the LATCH
system was not being used at
the time of the crash.
System) on page 2-45 for how to
install the child restraint using
LATCH. If a child restraint is secured
in a seating position using a safety
belt and it uses a top tether, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on
page 2-45 for top tether anchor
locations.
Securing Child Restraints
(Rear Seat Position)
Do not secure a child restraint in a
position without a top tether anchor if
a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored, or if the
instructions that come with the child
restraint say that the top strap must
be anchored.
When securing a child restraint
in a rear seating position, study the
instructions that came with the child
restraint to make sure it is compatible
with this vehicle.
If the child restraint has the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH
In Canada, the law requires that
forward-facing child restraints have
a top tether, and that the tether
be attached.
2-52
Seats and Restraints
If the child restraint does not have
the LATCH system, you will be using
the safety belt to secure the child
restraint in this position. Be sure to
follow the instructions that came
with the child restraint. Secure the
child in the child restraint when
and as the instructions say.
If more than one child restraint
needs to be installed in the
rear seat, be sure to read Where
to Put the Restraint on page 2-43.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run
the lap and shoulder portions of
the vehicle’s safety belt through
or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show
you how.
3. Push the latch plate into the
buckle until it clicks.
If the latch plate will not go fully
into the buckle, check if the
correct buckle is being used.
Position the release button
on the buckle so that the safety
belt could be quickly unbuckled
if necessary.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor to
set the lock.
Seats and Restraints
6. If the child restraint has a top
tether, follow the child restraint
manufacturer’s instructions
regarding the use of the top
tether. See Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH
System) on page 2-45 for more
information.
7. Push and pull the child restraint
in different directions to be sure
it is secure.
5. To tighten the belt, push down
on the child restraint, pull the
shoulder portion of the belt to
tighten the lap portion of the belt,
and feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor. When installing
a forward-facing child restraint, it
may be helpful to use your knee
to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
To remove the child restraint,
unbuckle the vehicle safety belt and
let it return to the stowed position.
If the top tether is attached to a top
tether anchor, disconnect it.
2-53
Securing Child Restraints
(Right Front Seat
Position)
This vehicle has airbags. A rear
seat is a safer place to secure
a forward-facing child restraint.
See Where to Put the Restraint
on page 2-43.
In addition, the vehicle has a
passenger sensing system which is
designed to turn off the right front
passenger frontal and seat-mounted
side impact airbag under certain
conditions. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 2-29 and Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 4-13
for more information, including
important safety information.
2-54
Seats and Restraints
A label on the sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk
to the rear-facing child is so great,
if the airbag deploys.
{ CAUTION
A child in a rear-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured or
killed if the right front passenger
airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to
the inflating airbag. A child in a
forward-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if
the right front passenger airbag
inflates and the passenger seat
is in a forward position.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
Even if the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe. No one can
guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it
is turned off.
Secure rear-facing child restraints
in a rear seat, even if the airbag is
off. If you secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
See Passenger Sensing System
on page 2-29 for additional
information.
If the child restraint has the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH
System) on page 2-45 for how and
where to install the child restraint
using LATCH. If a child restraint is
secured in the seating position using
a safety belt and it uses a top tether,
see Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children (LATCH System) on
page 2-45 for top tether anchor
locations.
Do not secure a child seat in a
position without a top tether anchor
if a national or local law requires
that the top tether be anchored,
or if the instructions that come
with the child restraint say that
the top strap must be anchored.
In Canada, the law requires
that forward-facing child restraints
have a top tether, and that the tether
be attached.
Seats and Restraints
2-55
You will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in
this position. Follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint.
1. Move the seat as far back as
it will go before securing the
forward-facing child restraint.
When the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal and
seat-mounted side impact airbag,
the off indicator on the passenger
airbag status indicator should
light and stay lit when you start
the vehicle. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on
page 4-13.
2. Put the child restraint on
the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run
the lap and shoulder portions of
the vehicle’s safety belt through
or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. Push the latch plate into the
buckle until it clicks.
Position the release button on
the buckle so that the safety belt
could be quickly unbuckled if
necessary.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor to
set the lock.
2-56
Seats and Restraints
If the airbags are off, the off
indicator in the passenger airbag
status indicator will come on
and stay on when the vehicle
is started.
If a child restraint has been
installed and the on indicator is lit,
see “If the On Indicator is Lit for a
Child Restraint” under Passenger
Sensing System on page 2-29 for
more information.
6. To tighten the belt, push down
on the child restraint, pull the
shoulder portion of the belt to
tighten the lap portion of the belt
and feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor. When installing
a forward-facing child restraint,
it may be helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint
in different directions to be sure
it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,
unbuckle the vehicle safety belt and
let it return to the stowed position.
Storage
Storage
Storage Compartments
Glove Box ............................3-1
Cupholders ...........................3-1
Front Storage .......................3-2
Overhead Console .................3-2
Center Console Storage .........3-2
Additional Storage Features
Cargo Cover .........................3-2
Load Rails and Hooks ...........3-4
Cargo Tie Downs ..................3-4
Cargo Management System ....3-4
3-1
Storage
Compartments
Glove Box
Lift up on the glove box lever to
open it.
Cupholders
There are cupholders located in
the console area between the front
seats.
There are also cupholders that fold
out from the back of the center
console.
Roof Rack System
Roof Rack ............................3-5
There are also molded bottle holders
located in the front and rear doors.
The cupholder size can be adjusted
by changing the location of the
provided insert.
3-2
Storage
Front Storage
The driver storage compartment
is located near the left side of the
steering column on the bottom of the
instrument panel. Pull up on the lever
to open the cover.
Additional Storage
Features
Cargo Cover
For vehicles equipped with a
cargo cover.
Overhead Console
Using the cargo cover:
If your vehicle has an overhead
console, push on the cover to open.
1. Remove the cargo cover from its
storage location.
2. Unfold the cargo cover.
Center Console Storage
4. Attach the center hook to the
center head restraint.
To access the center console
storage area, pull up on the lock
release lever to raise the upper cover
and access the tray storage. Pull up
on the lower release lever to raise
the tray and access more storage.
{ CAUTION
3. Attach the hooks to the indented
slots on the sides of the rear
cargo area.
An improperly stored cargo cover
could be thrown about the vehicle
during a collision or sudden
maneuver. Someone could be
injured. If the cover is removed,
always store it in the proper
storage location. When it is
replaced, always be sure that
it is securely reattached.
Storage
Folding the Cargo Cover:
1. Hold the cargo cover with both
hands.
3. Twist the other side in the
opposite direction.
5. Make sure the cover’s three
circles are side by side.
6. Return the cover to its
storage bag.
2. Bend one side of the cover
toward the body.
4. Make a small circle, and then
fold the cover inward.
3-3
3-4
Storage
Load Rails and Hooks
Cargo Tie Downs
There are hooks for hanging items
in the cabin, luggage compartment,
and in the cargo management
system, if the vehicle has one.
The cargo tie down straps and
hooks are intended to be used to
secure a flat tire or other items.
The tie down hooks are located in
the rear cargo area. The straps are
under the rear floor panel.
On the front passenger side, press
the hook to open and use it. There is
a weight limit of 44 lb (20 kg).
The luggage compartment hooks
should only be used to hang
items under 7 lb (3 kg).
For vehicles with a cargo
management system, open the deck
lid to hang items under 5 lb (2.3 kg).
To use, hook the end of the straps
to the hooks in a criss-cross pattern.
Pull on the straps at the buckle to
tighten as needed.
Cargo Management
System
A cargo management system, for
vehicles that have it, can be used for
organizing and separating items
in the rear of the vehicle.
To use:
1. Open the cover.
2. Unfold the side panels out and
lock them into place to hold up
the cover.
3. Hook the nets into the cover
slots to use as dividers.
There are also hooks on the inside
cover to hold items.
Additional storage is available on
both sides of the cargo management
system. Turn the knobs to the
UNLOCK position, and remove
the deck boards to access the
storage area.
Storage
Roof Rack System
To prevent damage or loss of cargo
when driving, check to make sure
cross rails and cargo are securely
fastened. Loading cargo on the roof
rack will make the vehicle’s center of
gravity higher. Avoid high speeds,
sudden starts, sharp turns, sudden
braking or abrupt maneuvers,
otherwise it may result in loss of
control. If driving for a long distance,
on rough roads, or at high speeds,
occasionally stop the vehicle to make
sure the cargo remains in its place.
Roof Rack
{ CAUTION
If something is carried on top of
the vehicle that is longer or wider
than the roof rack — like paneling,
plywood, or a mattress — the wind
can catch it while the vehicle is
being driven. The item being
carried could be violently torn off,
and this could cause a collision,
and damage the vehicle. Never
carry something longer or wider
than the roof rack on top of the
vehicle unless using a GM
Certified accessory carrier.
3-5
Notice: Loading cargo on the
roof rack that weighs more than
75 kg (165 lbs) or hangs over
the rear or sides of the vehicle
may damage the vehicle.
Load cargo so that it rests evenly
between the crossrails, making
sure to fasten cargo securely.
Do not exceed the maximum vehicle
capacity when loading the vehicle.
For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see Vehicle
Load Limits on page 8-12.
3-6
Storage
✍ NOTES
Instruments and Controls
Instruments and
Controls
Instrument Panel Overview
Instrument Panel Overview .....4-2
Controls
Steering Wheel Adjustment .....4-4
Steering Wheel Controls .........4-4
Horn ....................................4-5
Windshield Wiper/Washer .......4-5
Rear Window Wiper/Washer ....4-6
Power Outlets (Accessory
Power Outlets) .....................4-6
Power Outlets (115 Volt
Alternating Current) ..............4-7
Cigarette Lighter ...................4-8
Ashtrays ..............................4-8
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators ...........................4-8
Instrument Cluster .................4-9
Speedometer ......................4-10
Odometer ...........................4-10
Trip Odometer .....................4-10
Tachometer ........................4-10
Fuel Gage ..........................4-10
Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage .............4-11
Safety Belt Reminders ..........4-11
Airbag Readiness Light .........4-12
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator ...........................4-13
Charging System Light .........4-14
Malfunction
Indicator Lamp ..................4-14
Brake System Warning
Light ................................4-17
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) Warning Light ...........4-17
Service All-Wheel Drive
Light ................................4-18
4-1
Speed Sensitive Power
Steering (SSPS) Warning
Light ................................4-18
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ....4-18
Traction Control System
(TCS) Warning Light ...........4-19
Tire Pressure Light ..............4-19
Engine Oil Pressure Light .....4-19
Low Fuel Warning Light ........4-20
Security Light ......................4-20
High-Beam on Light .............4-20
Fog Lamp Light ...................4-20
Lamps on Reminder .............4-20
Taillamp Indicator Light .........4-21
Low Washer Fluid Warning
Light ................................4-21
Cruise Control Light .............4-21
Door Ajar Light ....................4-21
Vehicle Personalization
Vehicle Personalization .........4-21
OnStar System
OnStar® System ..................4-23
4-2
Instruments and Controls
Instrument Panel Overview
Instruments and Controls
The main components of the
instrument panel are the following:
A. Power Mirrors on page 1-10.
B. Air Vents on page 7-4.
C. Turn and Lane-Change Signals
on page 5-3.
D. Instrument Cluster on page 4-9.
E. Windshield Wiper/Washer on
page 4-5.
F. Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 4-13.
Passenger Sensing System
on page 2-29. Security Light
on page 4-20.
G. Hazard Warning Flashers on
page 5-3.
H. AM-FM Radio on page 6-4.
I. Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 8-33.
J. Anti-Theft Alarm System on
page 1-7.
K. Front Storage on page 3-2.
L. Hood on page 9-5.
M. Steering Wheel Controls on
page 4-4.
N. Steering Wheel Adjustment on
page 4-4.
O. Horn on page 4-5.
P. Cruise Control on page 8-36
(If Equipped).
Q. Ignition Positions on page 8-16.
R. Tire Pressure Reset Button
(Out of View). See Tire Pressure
Monitor Operation on page 9-52.
S. Power Outlet 115 Volt
Alternating On/Off Button.
See Power Outlets (Accessory
Power Outlets) on page 4-6 or
Power Outlets (115 Volt
Alternating Current) on page 4-7.
4-3
T. Cigarette Lighter (If Equipped)
or Accessory Power Outlet.
Cigarette Lighter on page 4-8 or
Power Outlets (Accessory Power
Outlets) on page 4-6 or Power
Outlets (115 Volt Alternating
Current) on page 4-7.
U. Shift Lever. Automatic
Transmission (Four Speed
Automatic) on page 8-24 or
Automatic Transmission (Five
Speed Automatic) on page 8-27
or Manual Transmission on
page 8-29.
V. Power Outlets (Accessory Power
Outlets) on page 4-6 or Power
Outlets (115 Volt Alternating
Current) on page 4-7.
W. Climate Control Systems on
page 7-1.
X. Load Rails and Hooks on
page 3-4.
Y. Glove Box on page 3-1.
4-4
Instruments and Controls
Controls
Steering Wheel Controls
Steering Wheel
Adjustment
ª « (Next/Previous):
Press to
select the next or previous radio
station, CD track, or MP3 folder.
• Press ª or « to go to the next
or previous preset station.
A tilt and telescope wheel lets the
steering wheel position be adjusted.
• Press and hold ª or « until a
beep is heard to go to the next
or previous radio station. Only
stations with a strong signal will
be selected.
• Press ª or « to go to the next
or previous CD track.
For vehicles with audio steering
wheel controls some audio controls
can be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the following:
The adjustment lever is located on
the left side of the steering column.
Pull the lever down to move the
steering wheel up or down and in
or out. Pull the lever up to lock the
steering wheel in place.
Do not adjust the tilt and telescope
lever while driving.
− q + (Volume): Press to decrease
or increase the volume.
• Press and hold ª or « until a
beep is heard to continuously go
to the next or previous track.
MODE: Press to turn the audio
system on or to select between AM,
FM, XM™ (if equipped), CD, or AUX.
Press and hold to turn the audio
system off.
Instruments and Controls
Horn
Press near or on the horn symbols
on the steering wheel pad to sound
the horn.
Windshield Wiper/Washer
Move the lever to one of the
following positions:
z (Mist):
Move the lever to mist,
for a single wiping cycle and then
release. The wipers stop after
one wipe.
( (Off):
Turns the wipers off.
& (Intermittent):
Move the lever
to choose a delayed wiping cycle.
For vehicles with the variable
intermittent feature, the time
between wipes can be adjusted.
Turn the & band for a longer
or shorter delay interval.
The windshield wiper/washer lever
is located on the right side of the
steering column.
q (Low):
Slow wipes.
l (High):
Fast wipes.
Clear snow and ice from the wiper
blades before using them. If the
blades are frozen to the windshield,
loosen or thaw them. If they become
4-5
damaged, get new blades or
blade inserts. See Wiper Blade
Replacement on page 9-30.
Heavy snow or ice can overload
the wipers. A circuit breaker stops
them until the motor cools.
Windshield Washer
Pull the lever toward you to spray
washer fluid on the windshield.
The spray continues until the lever
is released. The wipers will run a
few times. See Washer Fluid on
page 9-24 for information on filling
the windshield washer fluid reservoir.
{ CAUTION
In freezing weather, do not use
your washer until the windshield
is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the
windshield, blocking your vision.
4-6
Instruments and Controls
Rear Window
Wiper/Washer
Z Rear Wiper: Turn the end of
the lever to low or high, to turn
on the rear window wiper.
y (Low):
Slow wipes.
x (High):
Fast wipes.
= (Rear Washer):
Turn the end of
the lever up or down as far as it will
go, to spray washer fluid on the rear
window. The knob automatically
returns from these positions after
it is released.
The windshield washer reservoir is
used for the windshield and the rear
window. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir if either washer is not
working. See Washer Fluid on
page 9-24.
{ CAUTION
In freezing weather, do not use
your washer until the windshield
is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the
windshield, blocking your vision.
Power Outlets
(Accessory Power
Outlets)
Accessory power outlets can be
used to plug in electrical equipment,
such as a cellular phone.
The vehicle has an accessory
power outlet on the center floor
console below the shift lever.
To use the outlet, the ignition
must be in ON/RUN or ACC/
ACCESSORY. Pull down the
small cover to access the outlet.
Notice: Leaving electrical
equipment on for extended
periods will drain the battery.
Always turn off electrical
equipment when not in use and
do not plug in equipment that
exceeds the maximum amperage
rating.
This circuit is protected by a fuse
and has a maximum current level.
Do not use equipment exceeding
the maximum amperage rating.
Certain power accessory plugs
may not be compatible to the power
accessory outlet and could result
in a blown vehicle or adapter fuse.
See your dealer/retailer for additional
information on the power accessory
plugs.
Notice: Adding any electrical
equipment to the vehicle can
damage it or keep other
components from working as
they should. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Do not use equipment
exceeding maximum amperage
rating of 20 amperes. Check
with your dealer/retailer before
adding electrical equipment.
Instruments and Controls
When adding electrical equipment,
be sure to follow the proper
installation instructions included
with the equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the
power outlet can cause damage
not covered by the warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory
or accessory bracket from the
plug because the power outlets
are designed for accessory power
plugs only.
Power Outlets (115 Volt
Alternating Current)
Electrical equipment with a
maximum limit of 115 VAC can
be plugged into this power outlet.
If the equipment used requires
more than the limit, a protection
4-7
circuit will cut the power supply.
The power automatically restarts
when equipment that operates
within the limit is plugged in.
The power outlet is not designed for
the following electrical equipment
and they may not work properly:
• Equipment with high initial peak
The power outlet is located below
the shift lever.
Before using the outlet, turn on the
ignition and press the button located
on the instrument panel below the
climate control system. An indicator
light in the button comes on. After
using the outlet, press the button
again to turn it off.
wattage: cathode-ray tube type
televisions, compressor-driven
refrigerators, or electric power
tools.
• Other equipment requiring an
extremely stable power supply:
microcomputer-controlled electric
blankets, touch sensor lamps, etc.
4-8
Instruments and Controls
Cigarette Lighter
For vehicles with a lighter, push
the lighter down and it will pop up
when it is ready to be used. The
ignition switch must be in the
ACC/ACCESSORY or ON/RUN
position to use the lighter.
Notice: Holding a cigarette
lighter in while it is heating does
not let the lighter back away from
the heating element when it is hot.
Damage from overheating can
occur to the lighter or heating
element, or a fuse could be blown.
Do not hold a cigarette lighter in
while it is heating.
It is not recommended to use the
cigarette lighter to plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment. Use the
accessory power outlet for phones
and other electrical equipment. See
Power Outlets (Accessory Power
Outlets) on page 4-6 or Power
Outlets (115 Volt Alternating
Current) on page 4-7.
Ashtrays
For vehicles with a removable
ashtray, it is located in the front
cupholder in the center console
storage area.
Notice: If papers, pins, or other
flammable items are put in the
ashtray, hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite
them and possibly damage the
vehicle. Never put flammable
items in the ashtray.
Warning Lights,
Gages, and Indicators
Warning lights come on when there
could be a problem with a vehicle
function. Some warning lights come
on briefly when the engine is started
to indicate they are working.
Gages can indicate when there
could be a problem with a vehicle
function. Often gages and warning
lights work together to indicate
a problem with the vehicle.
When one of the warning lights
comes on and stays on while driving,
or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the
section that explains what to do.
Follow this manual’s advice. Waiting
to do repairs can be costly and even
dangerous.
Instruments and Controls
4-9
Instrument Cluster
This feature is designed to show at a glance how the vehicle is running. It shows vehicle speed, how much fuel is
left in the fuel tank and many other things needed to drive safely and economically.
United States Base Cluster shown, Canada similar
4-10
Instruments and Controls
Speedometer
Trip Odometer
Temperature Display
The speedometer shows the
vehicle’s speed in both kilometers
per hour (km/h) and miles per
hour (mph).
The trip odometer shows how far the
vehicle has been driven since the trip
odometer was last set to zero.
The outside air temperature is
displayed on the center of the
instrument panel, within the trip
odometer. The display shows the
outside air temperature in Fahrenheit
with a range from −40°F to 122°F
(−40°C to 50°C).
Odometer
The odometer shows how far
the vehicle has been driven,
in either kilometers or miles.
This vehicle has a tamper-resistant
odometer. If the vehicle needs a new
odometer installed, the new one is
set to the mileage total of the old
odometer. If this is not possible, it is
set at zero and a label is put on the
driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was
installed. If the mileage is unknown,
the label should then indicate
“previous mileage unknown”.
Tachometer
The button located above the
odometer allows switching between
the odometer and the trip odometer.
The tachometer displays the
engine speed in revolutions per
minute (rpm).
Fuel Gage
To set the trip odometer to zero,
press and hold the button.
United States
Canada
The fuel gage shows about
how much fuel is in the fuel tank.
An arrow on the fuel gage indicates
Instruments and Controls
that the fuel filler door is on the driver
side of the vehicle. The fuel gage
works only when the ignition switch is
turned to ON/RUN. When the gage
first indicates E or empty, there is still
about 2 gallons ( 7.6 L) of fuel left,
but more needs to be added right
away. When the vehicle is low on fuel
the low fuel warning light, located
below the empty mark, comes on.
• The gage moves a little when you
turn, stop or speed up.
• The gage does not go back to E
or empty when you turn off the
ignition.
Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage
4-11
Safety Belt Reminders
When the engine is started, a chime
will sound for several seconds to
remind people to fasten their safety
belts, unless the driver safety belt is
already buckled.
Five things that do not indicate a
problem with the fuel gage:
• At the gas station, the fuel pump
shuts off before the gage reads
F or full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel
to fill up than the gage indicated.
For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full,
but it actually took more or less
than half the tank’s capacity to
fill it.
• It takes the gage several minutes
to read F or full after filling the
vehicle with fuel.
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant
temperature. If the gage pointer
moves into the red area, the engine
is too hot. Pull off the road, stop the
vehicle, and turn off the engine as
soon as possible. See Engine
Overheating on page 9-23.
The safety belt light will also flash
until the driver belt is buckled. If the
driver belt is already buckled, neither
the chime nor the light comes on.
This light is located on the center
of the instrument panel, next
to the audio system.
When the key is turned to ON/RUN
or START, this light comes on
as a reminder for the right front
passenger to fasten their safety belt.
4-12
Instruments and Controls
This light flashes until the right front
passenger safety belt is buckled.
The passenger safety belt reminder
light will not come on if the right front
passenger belt is already buckled or
if a sensor does not detect the weight
of a passenger in that seat.
If something is placed on the right
front passenger seat, the sensors
in the seat may detect that object
and cause the right front passenger
safety belt reminder light to come on.
If this happens, remove the object.
Airbag Readiness Light
This light shows if there is an
electrical problem. The system
check includes the airbag sensor,
the pretensioners, the airbag
modules, the wiring and the crash
sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the airbag
system, see Airbag System on
page 2-23.
The airbag readiness light comes
on and stays on for several seconds
when the vehicle is started. Then the
light goes out.
If it stays on after the vehicle has
been started or comes on when while
driving, the airbag system may not
work properly. Have the vehicle
serviced right away.
{ CAUTION
If the airbag readiness light stays
on after the vehicle is started or
comes on while driving, it means
the airbag system might not be
working properly. The airbags in
the vehicle might not inflate in a
crash, or they could even inflate
without a crash. To help avoid
injury, have the vehicle serviced
right away.
Instruments and Controls
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator
The vehicle has the passenger
sensing system. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 2-29
for important safety information.
The instrument panel has a
passenger airbag status indicator.
Then, after several more seconds,
the status indicator will light either
ON or OFF if there is weight on the
seat, to let you know the status of
the right front passenger frontal and
seat-mounted side impact airbags
(if equipped). If the seat is
unoccupied, the light will not be
visible after the system check.
If the word ON is lit on the
passenger airbag status indicator, it
means that the right front passenger
frontal and seat-mounted side impact
airbags (if equipped) are enabled
(may inflate).
When the vehicle is started,
the passenger airbag status
indicator will light ON and OFF for
several seconds as a system check.
If the word OFF is lit on the
passenger airbag status indicator, it
means that the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right front
passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped). See Passenger
Sensing System on page 2-29 for
more on this, including important
safety information.
4-13
If, after several seconds, all status
indicator lights remain on, there
may be a problem with the lights
or the passenger sensing system.
See your dealer/retailer for service.
{ CAUTION
If the airbag readiness light ever
comes on and stays on, it means
that something may be wrong with
the airbag system. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have
the vehicle serviced right away.
See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 4-12 for more information,
including important safety
information.
4-14
Instruments and Controls
Charging System Light
Malfunction
Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
The charging system light comes on
briefly when the ignition is turned on,
but the engine is not running, as a
check to show the light is working.
It should go out when the engine is
started.
If the light stays on, or comes
on while driving, there may be a
problem with the electrical charging
system. Have it checked by your
dealer/retailer. Driving while this
light is on could drain the battery.
If a short distance must be driven
with the light on, be sure to turn off
all accessories, such as the radio
and air conditioner.
A computer system called OBD II
(On-Board Diagnostics-Second
Generation) monitors operation
of the fuel, ignition, and emission
control systems. It makes sure that
emissions are at acceptable levels
for the life of the vehicle, helping to
produce a cleaner environment.
United States
Canada
This light comes on when the
ignition is on, but the engine is not
running, as a check to show it is
working. If it does not, have the
vehicle serviced by your dealer/
retailer.
If the check engine light comes
on and stays on, when the engine
is running, this indicates that there is
an OBD II problem and service is
required.
Malfunctions often are indicated by
the system before any problem is
apparent. Heeding the light can
prevent more serious damage to
the vehicle. This system assists
the service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If the vehicle is
continually driven with this
light on, after a while, the
emission controls might not
work as well, the vehicle’s fuel
economy might not be as good,
and the engine might not run as
smoothly. This could lead to
costly repairs that might not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Instruments and Controls
Notice: Modifications made
to the engine, transmission,
exhaust, intake, or fuel system
of the vehicle or the replacement
of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) can
affect the vehicle’s emission
controls and can cause this light
to come on. Modifications to these
systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by the vehicle
warranty. This could also result
in a failure to pass a required
Emission Inspection/Maintenance
test. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 9-3.
This light comes on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
Light Flashing: A misfire condition
has been detected. A misfire
increases vehicle emissions and
could damage the emission control
system on the vehicle. Diagnosis
and service might be required.
The following can prevent more
serious damage to the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
4-15
Reduce vehicle speed.
An emission system malfunction
might be corrected by doing
the following:
Avoid hard accelerations.
• Make sure the fuel cap is fully
Avoid steep uphill grades.
If towing a trailer, reduce the
amount of cargo being hauled
as soon as it is possible.
If the light continues to flash, when
it is safe to do so, stop the vehicle.
Find a safe place to park the vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least
10 seconds, and restart the engine.
If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps and see your dealer/
retailer for service as soon as
possible.
Light On Steady: An emission
control system malfunction has been
detected on the vehicle. Diagnosis
and service might be required.
installed. See Filling the Tank on
page 8-41. The diagnostic system
can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly
installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap allows fuel to evaporate into
the atmosphere. A few driving
trips with the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
• If the vehicle has been driven
through a deep puddle of water,
the vehicle’s electrical system
might be wet. The condition is
usually corrected when the
electrical system dries out.
A few driving trips should turn
the light off.
4-16
Instruments and Controls
• Make sure to fuel the vehicle
with quality fuel. Poor fuel quality
causes the engine not to run as
efficiently as designed and may
cause: stalling after start-up,
stalling when the vehicle is
changed into gear, misfiring,
hesitation on acceleration, or
stumbling on acceleration.
These conditions might go away
once the engine is warmed up.
If one or more of these conditions
occurs, change the fuel brand
used. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn
the light off.
See Fuel on page 8-38.
If none of the above have made the
light turn off, your dealer/retailer can
check the vehicle. The dealer/retailer
has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical
or electrical problems that might
have developed.
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local
governments have or might begin
programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on the vehicle.
Failure to pass this inspection could
prevent getting a vehicle registration.
Here are some things to know to
help the vehicle pass an inspection:
• The vehicle will not pass this
inspection if the check engine
light is on with the engine
running, or if the key is in the
ON/RUN and the light is not on.
• The vehicle will not pass this
inspection if the OBD II (on-board
diagnostic) system determines
that critical emission control
systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the
system. The vehicle would
be considered not ready for
inspection. This can happen
if the battery has recently been
replaced or if the battery has run
down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical
emission control systems during
normal driving. This can take
several days of routine driving.
If this has been done and the
vehicle still does not pass the
inspection for lack of OBD II
system readiness, your dealer/
retailer can prepare the vehicle
for inspection.
Instruments and Controls
Brake System Warning
Light
The vehicle’s hydraulic brake
system is divided into two parts.
If one part is not working, the other
part can still work and stop the
vehicle. For good braking both
parts need to be working well.
If the warning light comes on,
there is a brake problem. Have the
brake system inspected right away.
United States
Canada
If the vehicle has anti-lock brakes,
this light should come on when the
key is turned to START. If it does not
come on, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn if there is a problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake
system warning light also comes
on when the parking brake is
set. The light will stay on if the
parking brake does not fully release.
If it stays on after the parking
brake is fully released, it means
there is a brake problem.
{ CAUTION
The brake system might not be
working properly if the brake
system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light
on can lead to a crash. If the light
is still on after the vehicle has been
pulled off the road and carefully
stopped, have the vehicle towed
for service.
See Antilock Brake System (ABS)
Warning Light later in this section
and Antilock Brake System
(ABS) Warning Light on page 4-17.
4-17
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) Warning Light
United States
Canada
The ABS warning light comes on
briefly when the ignition key is turned
to ON/RUN. This is normal. If the
light does not come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition
to LOCK/OFF. If the light comes
on while driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off.
Then start the engine again to
reset the system. If the light still
stays on, or comes on again while
driving, the vehicle needs service.
If the regular brake system warning
light is not on, there are still
brakes, but no antilock brakes.
4-18
Instruments and Controls
If the regular brake system warning
light is also on, there are no antilock
brakes and there is a problem with
the regular brakes. See Brake
System Warning Light on page 4-17.
Speed Sensitive Power
Steering (SSPS) Warning
Light
StabiliTrak® Indicator
Light
Service All-Wheel Drive
Light
This light will come on briefly when
the ignition is turned on, and the
engine is not running, as a check
to show you it is working.
It should go out when the engine is
started. It should go out when the
engine is started. If it stays on, or
comes on while you are driving, you
may have a problem with the system.
Have it checked by your dealer/
retailer.
The four-wheel-drive indicator will
light up when the All-Wheel drive is
active.
Vehicles with this feature, have a
warning light that comes on briefly
when the ignition is turned to
ON/RUN as a check to show it
is working.
If the warning light does not come
on, have it fixed so it will be able to
warn if there is a problem.
If the warning light stays on, or
comes on while driving, the Speed
Sensitive Power Steering may not be
working. See your dealer/retailer for
service.
This light warns that there is a
problem with the Traction Control
System (TCS) or the Vehicle
Stability Control (VSC) system.
The light comes on when the ignition
is turned to ON/RUN.
If the light comes on while driving,
the system is not working.
The TCS light comes on when the
VSC system warning light comes on,
even if the TRAC OFF button is not
pressed.
See StabiliTrak System on
page 8-35 for more information on
Vehicle Stability Control System.
Instruments and Controls
See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 8-33 for more information.
Contact your dealer/retailer, if
the light does not come on or if it
stays on.
If it stays on or comes on while
driving, there is a problem with the
Traction Control System (TCS),
contact your dealer/retailer.
Tire Pressure Light
Traction Control System
(TCS) Warning Light
This light should come on briefly as
the engine is started.
This warning light comes on briefly
when the ignition is turned to
ON/RUN.
If there is a tire with low tire
pressure, the light will stay on
or come back on.
It also comes on when the Traction
Control System is turned off by
pressing the TRAC OFF button.
See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 8-33 for more information.
See Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation on page 9-52 for more
information.
4-19
Engine Oil Pressure
Light
{ CAUTION
Do not keep driving if the oil
pressure is low. The engine can
become so hot that it catches fire.
Someone could be burned. Check
the oil as soon as possible and
have the vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine
oil maintenance can damage
the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Always follow the
maintenance schedule in this
manual for changing engine oil.
The oil pressure light should come
on briefly as the engine is started. If it
does not come on have the vehicle
serviced by your dealer/retailer.
4-20
Instruments and Controls
If the light comes on and stays on, it
means that oil is not flowing through
the engine properly. The vehicle
could be low on oil and might have
some other system problem.
Security Light
Fog Lamp Light
For information regarding this light
and the vehicle’s security system,
see Vehicle Security on page 1-7.
The fog lamp light comes on when
the fog lamps are in use.
Low Fuel Warning Light
High-Beam on Light
United States
Canada
This light, on the fuel gage, comes
on when the fuel tank is low on
fuel. To turn if off, add fuel to the
fuel tank.
The light goes out when the fog
lamps are turned off. See Fog
Lamps on page 5-4 for more
information.
Lamps on Reminder
The highbeam on light comes on
when the high-beam headlamps are
in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam
Changer on page 5-2 for more
information.
This light comes on whenever the
headlights are on.
See Exterior Lamp Controls on
page 5-1 for more information.
Instruments and Controls
Taillamp Indicator Light
Cruise Control Light
Canada Only
This light comes on when the
taillamps are on.
The CRUISE light comes on when
the cruise control is on.
See Exterior Lamp Controls on
page 5-1 for more information.
See Cruise Control on page 8-36 for
more information.
Low Washer Fluid
Warning Light
Door Ajar Light
Canada Only
This light comes on when the
windshield washer fluid is low.
See Washer Fluid on page 9-24
for more information.
This light comes on if any door, the
rear liftgate, or the rear liftglass
are not completely closed.
4-21
Vehicle
Personalization
Your vehicle may have lighting
and door lock features that can be
programmed to your preference.
You will need to schedule an
appointment with your dealer/
retailer if you would like to change
the way these features are currently
programmed. The following is a
list of the features that can be
programmed. See your dealer/
retailer to change the programming
of these features:
Driver Door Key Unlock Switch:
If this feature is programmed on, all
of the doors will unlock when the key
is turned twice in the driver’s door
lock cylinder. When the vehicle
left the factory this feature was
programmed on.
4-22
Instruments and Controls
Courtesy Lamp Timer: This
feature allows for changing how
long the courtesy lamps stay
on when all the doors and liftgate
are closed and the key is out of
the ignition, in LOCK/OFF, or
in ACC/ACCESSORY. When the
vehicle left the factory the courtesy
lamps were programmed to stay
on for 15 seconds. This can
be changed to 7.5 seconds
or 30 seconds.
Interior Lamps when Ignition off:
If this feature is programmed on,
the interior lamps will come on when
the ignition is turned off when it is
dark outside. When the vehicle
left the factory this feature was
programmed on.
Interior Lamps on with Door
Key Unlock: If this feature is
programmed on, the interior lamps
will come on when the doors are
unlocked when it is dark outside.
When the vehicle left the factory
this feature was programmed on.
Key Fob Signal: If this feature
is programmed on, the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
can be used to lock and unlock
the vehicle. When the vehicle left
the factory this feature was
programmed on.
RFA Visual Feedback: If this
feature is programmed on, the
hazard lights will flash when you
lock and unlock the vehicle with the
RKE transmitter. When the vehicle
left the factory this feature was
programmed on.
RFA All Unlock Enable: If this
feature is programmed on, pressing
the RKE unlock button twice
within three second will unlock
all of the doors. When the vehicle
left the factory this feature was
programmed on.
Remote Panic Command: If this
feature is programmed on, pressing
and holding the RKE panic button
will cause the horn to sound and the
lights to flash. When the vehicle
left the factory this feature was
programmed on.
Automatic Door Locking: If this
feature is programmed on, the doors
will automatically lock when the
vehicle is shifted out of P (Park) or
when the vehicle speed is greater
than 8 mph (13 km/h).
Automatic Door Unlocking: If this
feature is programmed on, the doors
will automatically unlock when the
vehicle is shifted into P (Park) or
when the ignition is turned off.
All Door Unlock Command: If this
feature is programmed on, the doors
will all unlock when the driver’s door
is opened.
Lock-out Timer: This feature
allows for changing how long of a
delay there is before all of the doors
lock when pressing the lock button
on the RKE transmitter. When the
vehicle left the factory the delay
was set for 1 minute. This can be
changed to 30 seconds or 2 minutes.
Instruments and Controls
OnStar System
OnStar® System
OnStar uses several innovative
technologies and live advisors to
provide a wide range of safety,
security, information, and
convenience services. If the airbags
deploy, the system is designed to
make an automatic call to OnStar
Emergency advisors who can
request emergency services be
sent to your location. If the keys
are locked in the vehicle, call OnStar
at 1-888-4-ONSTAR to have a
4-23
signal sent to unlock the doors.
OnStar Hands-Free Calling,
including 30 trial minutes good
for 60 days, is available on most
vehicles. Press the OnStar button to
have an OnStar advisor contact
Roadside Service.
emergency services, may be
deactivated and no longer
available. For more information
visit www.onstar.com (U.S.) or
www.onstar.ca (Canada), or press
the OnStar button to speak with an
advisor.
OnStar service is provided subject
to the OnStar Terms and Conditions
included in the OnStar Subscriber
glove box literature.
Not all OnStar services are
available on all vehicles. To check
if this vehicle is able to provide the
services described below, or for
a full description of OnStar services
and system limitations, see the
OnStar Owner’s Guide in the glove
box or visit www.onstar.com (U.S.)
or www.onstar.ca (Canada), contact
OnStar at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827) or TTY
1-877-248-2080, or press the
OnStar button to speak with an
OnStar advisor 24 hours a day,
7 days a week.
Some services such as Remote
Door Unlock or Stolen Vehicle
Location Assistance may not be
available until the owner of the
vehicle registers with OnStar.
After the first prepaid year,
contact OnStar to select a monthly
or annual subscription payment plan.
If a payment plan is not selected,
the OnStar system and all services,
including airbag notification and
4-24
Instruments and Controls
OnStar Services Available
with the Safe & Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of
Airbag Deployment
• Link to Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Location
Assistance
• Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle
Alert
• OnStar Hands-Free Calling with
30 trial minutes
• OnStar Virtual Advisor
(U.S. Only)
OnStar Services Included with
Directions & Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan Services
• Driving Directions - Advisor
Delivered
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience
Services
OnStar Hands-Free Calling
OnStar Virtual Advisor
OnStar Hands-Free Calling allows
eligible OnStar subscribers to
make and receive calls using voice
commands. Hands-Free Calling is
fully integrated into the vehicle, and
can be used with OnStar Pre-Paid
Minute Packages. Most vehicles
include 30 trial minutes good for
60 days. Hands-Free Calling can
also be linked to a Verizon Wireless
service plan in the U.S. or a Bell
Mobility service plan in Canada,
depending on eligibility. To find out
more, refer to the OnStar Owner’s
Guide in the vehicle’s glove box, visit
www.onstar.com or www.onstar.ca,
or speak with an OnStar advisor by
pressing the OnStar button or calling
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar Virtual Advisor is a feature of
OnStar Hands-Free Calling that uses
minutes to access location-based
weather, local traffic reports, and
stock quotes. Press the phone
button and give a few simple voice
commands to browse through the
various topics. See the OnStar
Owner’s Guide for more information.
This feature is only available in the
continental U.S.
How OnStar Service Works
The OnStar system can record
and transmit vehicle information.
This information is automatically
sent to an OnStar Call Center when
the OnStar button is pressed, the
emergency button is pressed, or if
the airbags deploy. This information
usually includes the vehicles GPS
location and, in the event of a crash,
additional information regarding the
crash that the vehicle was involved
in (e.g. the direction from which the
vehicle was hit).
Instruments and Controls
When the Virtual Advisor feature of
OnStar Hands-Free Calling is used,
the vehicle also sends OnStar the
vehicles GPS location so they can
provide services where it is located.
OnStar service cannot work unless
the vehicle is in a place where
OnStar has an agreement with a
wireless service provider for service
in that area. OnStar service also
cannot work unless the vehicle is in
a place where the wireless service
provider OnStar has hired for that
area has coverage, network capacity
and reception when the service is
needed, and technology that is
compatible with the OnStar service.
Not all services are available
everywhere, particularly in remote
or enclosed areas, or at all times.
Location information about the
vehicle is only available if the GPS
satellite signals are unobstructed
and available.
The vehicle must have a working
electrical system, including adequate
battery power, for the OnStar
equipment to operate. There are
other problems OnStar cannot
control that may prevent OnStar
from providing OnStar service at
any particular time or place. Some
examples are damage to important
parts of the vehicle in a crash, hills,
tall buildings, tunnels, weather or
wireless phone network congestion.
Your Responsibility
Increase the volume of the radio if
the OnStar advisor cannot be heard.
If the light next to the OnStar buttons
is red, the system may not be
functioning properly. If the light
appears clear (no light is appearing),
your OnStar subscription has
expired and all services have been
deactivated. Press the OnStar button
to confirm that the OnStar equipment
is active.
4-25
4-26
Instruments and Controls
✍ NOTES
Lighting
Lighting
Exterior Lighting
Exterior Lamp Controls
Exterior Lighting
Exterior Lamp Controls ...........5-1
Headlamp High/Low-Beam
Changer .............................5-2
Flash-to-Pass ........................5-2
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) ......................5-2
Automatic Headlamp
System ..............................5-3
Hazard Warning Flashers .......5-3
Turn and Lane-Change
Signals ...............................5-3
Fog Lamps ...........................5-4
Interior Lighting
Instrument Panel Illumination
Control ...............................5-4
Dome Lamps ........................5-4
Reading Lamps .....................5-5
Lighting Features
Entry Lighting .......................5-5
Battery Power Protection ........5-5
5-1
panel cluster when the exterior
lamps are on. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, ; appears in the
instrument panel cluster. See Lamps
on Reminder on page 4-20.
The exterior lamp switch has three
positions:
( (Off):
Turns off all lamps, except
the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
; (Parking Lamps):
Turns on the
parking lamps together with the
following:
The lever on the left side of the
steering column operates the
exterior lamps.
P / ; (Exterior Lamps): Turn the
outside band of the lever to operate
the lamps. For vehicles sold in the
U.S., P appears on the instrument
•
•
•
•
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamp
Instrument Panel Lights
5 (Headlamps): Turns on the
headlamps, together with the
previously listed lamps and lights.
5-2
Lighting
Headlamps on Reminder
Flash-to-Pass
A tone sounds when the ignition is
turned to LOCK/OFF, the driver door
is opened and the key is removed
from the ignition while the lamps
are on.
This feature is used to signal to the
vehicle ahead that you want to pass.
With the lever in the low-beam
position, pull the lever toward you to
momentarily switch to high-beams.
If the headlamps are on when the
lever is released, the high-beams
will return to low-beam.
Headlamp High/
Low-Beam Changer
The headlamps must be on for this
feature to work.
Push the turn signal lever away
from you to turn the high beams on.
This instrument panel cluster
light 3 comes on while the high
beam headlamps are on.
Pull the lever towards you to return
to low beams.
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can
make it easier for others to see the
front of your vehicle during the day.
Fully functional DRL are required
on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system makes the
headlamps come on at a reduced
brightness when the following
conditions are met:
• The ignition is on with the engine
running.
• The exterior lamps switch is off.
• The parking brake is released.
When the exterior lamp switch is
turned to the headlamp position, the
DRL go off and the headlamps come
on. The other lamps that come on
with the headlamps also come on.
The headlamps automatically switch
from DRL to the regular headlamps
depending on the darkness of
the surroundings. See Automatic
Headlamp System on page 5-3.
DRL also comes on if only the
parking lamps are being used.
Lighting
Automatic Headlamp
System
Hazard Warning Flashers
When it is dark enough outside,
the automatic headlamp system
turns on the low-beam headlamps
at the normal brightness along with
other lamps such as the taillamps,
sidemarker, parking lamps and
instrument panel lights. An indicator
light on the instrument panel comes
on when the headlamps are on.
See Instrument Cluster on page 4-9.
Press this button located on the
instrument panel, to make the front
and rear turn signal lamps flash on
and off. This warns others that you
are having trouble.
If the vehicle is driven through a
parking garage, overcast weather,
or a tunnel, the automatic headlamp
system may turn on. There is a
delay before the lights turn on when
starting the car at night.
Do not cover the automatic light
sensor, located on the top left corner
of the instrument panel. If the sensor
is covered the headlamps will stay on
continuously.
| (Hazard Warning Flasher):
Press | again to turn the
flashers off.
Turn and Lane-Change
Signals
An arrow on the instrument panel
cluster flashes in the direction of the
turn or lane change.
5-3
Move the lever all the way up or
down to signal a turn.
Raise or lower the lever until the
arrow starts to flash to signal a
lane change. Hold it there until
the lane change is completed.
The lever returns to its starting
position whenever it is released.
If after signaling a turn or a
lane change the arrow flashes
rapidly or does not come on,
a signal bulb may be burned out.
Have the bulbs replaced. If the bulb
is not burned out, check the fuse.
See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 9-38.
5-4
Lighting
Fog Lamps
Interior Lighting
# (Fog Lamps):
Instrument Panel
Illumination Control
For vehicles with
fog lamps, move the band on the turn
signal/multifunction lever to # to turn
them on. The fog lamps only come
on when the headlamps are on
low beam.
Dome Lamps
The interior lamps control is located
on the overhead lamp. To change
the interior lamps setting, slide
the switch to one of the following
positions:
OFF: Turns the lamp off.
Some localities have laws that
require the headlamps to be
on along with the fog lamps.
ON: Keeps the lamp on all the time.
Use the trip odometer knob located
on the right side of the instrument
panel cluster to adjust the instrument
panel brightness.
Turn the knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to brighten
or dim the instrument panel.
The brightness of the instrument
panel lights decreases when
the headlamps are on.
Door: Turns the lamp on when
any door or the liftgate is opened.
The lamp goes off when all the side
doors and the liftgate are closed.
If the lamp switch is in the door
position and a door is left open,
the lamps will go off automatically
after 20 minutes.
Lighting
5-5
Reading Lamps
Lighting Features
Battery Power Protection
For vehicles with a sunroof, there is
a reading lamp near the sunroof
switch.
Entry Lighting
The vehicle has a battery saver
feature designed to protect
the vehicle’s battery.
OFF: Turns the lamp off.
ON: Keeps the lamp on all the time.
Door: Turns the lamp on when
any door or the liftgate is opened.
The lamp goes off when all the side
doors and the liftgate are closed.
After all the doors and liftgate are
closed, and the key is out of the
ignition, in LOCK/OFF or ACC/
ACCESSORY, the light remains
on for about 15 seconds and then
goes out, except under the following
conditions:
• The ignition is turned to ACC/
ACCESSORY or ON/RUN after
all the doors and liftgate are
closed.
• All the doors and the liftgate are
locked and the light is still on.
When any door is unlocked with the
key or Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
system transmitter, the light comes
on for 15 seconds, even if the door is
not opened.
This feature will only work with the
dome lamp in the Door position.
When any interior lamp is left on
and the ignition is turned off, the
battery rundown protection system
automatically turns the lamp off after
20 minutes. This prevents draining of
the battery.
5-6
Lighting
✍ NOTES
Infotainment System
Infotainment
System
Introduction
Introduction ..........................6-1
Operation .............................6-2
Radio
AM-FM Radio .......................6-4
Satellite Radio ......................6-6
Radio Reception ...................6-8
Fixed Mast Antenna ...............6-8
Satellite Radio Antenna ..........6-9
Audio Players
CD Player ............................6-9
MP3 ..................................6-11
Auxiliary Devices .................6-14
Introduction
Read the following pages to
become familiar with the audio
system’s features.
{ CAUTION
Taking your eyes off the road for
extended periods could cause a
crash resulting in injury or death
to you or others. Do not give
extended attention to
entertainment tasks while driving.
This system provides access to
many audio and non audio listings.
To minimize taking your eyes
off the road while driving, do the
following while the vehicle is parked:
• Become familiar with the
operation and controls of
the audio system.
• Set up the tone, speaker
adjustments, and preset radio
stations.
6-1
For more information, see Defensive
Driving on page 8-2.
Notice: Contact your dealer/
retailer before adding any
equipment.
Adding audio or communication
equipment could interfere with the
operation of the vehicle’s engine,
radio, or other systems, and could
damage them. Follow federal
rules covering mobile radio
and telephone equipment.
The vehicle has Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio
system can be played even after the
ignition is turned off. See Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) on
page 8-18 for more information.
6-2
Infotainment System
Operation
The date display times out and goes
back to the normal radio and time
display. To adjust the time and date:
1. Turn the ignition key to
ACC/ACCESSORY or ON/RUN.
2. Press the PWR VOL (Power/
Volume) knob to turn on the radio.
3. Press the CLOCK button, and the
HR, MIN, MM, DD, YYYY (hour,
minute, month, day, and year)
categories display.
4. Press the button under the
category to be adjusted.
Radio with CD (MP3) shown, Radio with CD (Base) similar
Playing the Radio
Setting the Clock
PWR VOL (Power/Volume): Press
to turn the radio on and off. Turn
the PWR VOL knob to adjust
the volume.
The date does not automatically
display. To see the date press the
CLOCK button while the radio is on.
CLOCK: Press to adjust the time.
5. To increase the time or date,
do one of the following: turn
the TUNE ADJ (Tune/Adjust)
knob clockwise, press SEEK/
TRACK y, press FWD (
(Forward), or continue to press
the button under the category to
be adjusted.
Infotainment System
6. To decrease the time or
date, do one of the following:
turn the TUNE ADJ knob
counterclockwise, press
SEEK/TRACK z, or press
REV ) (Reverse).
7. To save the settings, press
the CLOCK button, or let
the display time out.
To change the time default setting
from 12 hour to 24 hour, and to
change the date default setting from
month/day/year to day/month/year:
1. Press the CLOCK button and
then the button below the forward
arrow label on the display.
The 12H and 24H, and the
date MMDD (month and day)
and DDMM (day and month)
categories will display.
2. Press the button below the
12H or 24H label, and the date
MMDD (month and day) or
DDMM (day and month) label
to choose how the radio displays
the time and date.
3. To save the settings, press
the CLOCK button, or let
the screen time out.
EQ (Equalization): To select
customized equalization settings:
1. Press the EQ button.
2. Press the button below the
tab: POP, ROCK, COUNTRY,
TALK, JAZZ, and CLASSICAL.
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade)
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
To adjust the balance or fade,
perform the following steps:
To adjust the bass, midrange, and
treble:
1. Press the TUNE ADJ knob.
1. Press the TUNE ADJ knob.
2. Turn the TUNE ADJ knob, or
press the button below BASS,
MID, or TREB so it is highlighted.
6-3
2. Turn the TUNE ADJ knob
or press the button below
BAL FADE so it is highlighted.
3. Press the TUNE ADJ knob to
select the tone to adjust.
4. Turn the TUNE ADJ knob
to adjust the level.
4. Turn the TUNE ADJ knob to
adjust the audio balance to the
right or the left speakers and the
fade to adjust the audio volume
to the front or rear speakers.
5. Press the TUNE ADJ knob to set
the adjustment.
5. Press the TUNE ADJ knob to set
the adjustment.
3. Press the TUNE ADJ knob
to select BASS, MID, or TREB.
6-4
Infotainment System
Setting Preset Stations
FAV (Favorites): Press to select up
to six pages of favorites. Each page
contains six favorite stations, and
each page of favorites can contain
any combination of AM, FM, or XM™
(if equipped) stations.
3. Select the desired number of
favorites pages by pressing
the button located below the
displayed page numbers.
Radio
4. Press the FAV button, or let the
menu time out, to return to the
radio screen.
Radio Data System (RDS)
AM-FM Radio
For vehicles without XM, only
four pages of favorites are available.
To store a radio station as a
favorite:
The audio system has Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are
available for use only on FM stations
that broadcast RDS information.
To setup the number of favorites
pages:
1. Tune to the desired radio station.
With RDS:
2. Press the FAV button to display
the page where it can be stored.
• Stations can be selected based
3. Press and hold one of the
six buttons until a beep sounds.
• Stations with traffic
4. Repeat the steps to store another
radio station.
• Announcements concerning local
1. Press the MENU button to
display the radio setup menu.
2. Press the button located below
the FAV 1-6 label.
on programming.
announcements can be selected.
and national emergencies can be
received.
• Messages display from radio
stations.
Infotainment System
RDS relies on receiving specific
information from radio stations and
only works when the information is
available. In rare cases, a radio
station could broadcast incorrect
information that causes the radio
features to work improperly. Contact
the radio station if this happens.
When the radio is tuned to an
RDS station, the station name
or call letters display instead of the
frequency. RDS stations can also
provide the time of day, a program
type (PTY) for current programming,
and the name of the program being
broadcast.
RDS Messages
ALERT: Displays when local
or national emergency
announcements are received.
If the radio tunes to a related network
station for the announcement,
it returns to the original station
when the announcement ends.
6-5
The announcement should be heard
even if the volume is low or a CD is
playing. If a CD is playing, it will stop
playing during the announcement.
Finding a Station
• The RDS alert feature is not
TUNE ADJ (Tune/Adjust): Turn to
select radio stations.
supported by all RDS radio
stations.
• The RDS alert feature cannot be
turned off.
• Alert is not affected by tests of the
emergency broadcast system.
MSG (Message): Displays if the
current RDS station has a message.
The message displays the artist,
song title, call in phone numbers,
etc. If the entire message does
not display, parts of the message
appear every three seconds until
the message is completed.
MSG disappears from the display
once the completed message
has displayed.
BAND: Press to select AM, FM, or
XM (if equipped).
y SEEK TRACK z: Press to go
to the previous or next radio station.
The radio only stops at stations
with a strong signal.
SCAN: Press to enter scan mode.
The radio will display Scanning, then
goes to the next station, plays for a
few seconds, then continues on to
the next station. Press SCAN again
to stop scanning. The radio only
stops at stations with a strong signal.
INFO (Information) (FM-RDS,
XM™ Satellite Radio Service, and
MP3 Features): Press to display
information for the current FM-RDS,
XM station, or MP3 song. Choose
from Channel, Song, Artist, and
CAT (category).
NO INFO displays when information
is not available from the station.
6-6
Infotainment System
Satellite Radio
Finding a Station
Vehicles with an XM™ Satellite
Radio tuner and a valid XM Satellite
Radio subscription can receive
XM programming.
BAND: Press to select AM, FM,
or XM.
XM Satellite Radio Service
y SEEK TRACK z: Press to go
to the previous or next radio station.
The radio only stops at stations
with a strong signal.
XM is a satellite radio service that
is based in the 48 contiguous
United States and 10 Canadian
provinces. XM Satellite Radio
has a wide variety of programming
and commercial-free music,
coast-to-coast, and in digital-quality
sound. During your trial or when
you subscribe, you will get unlimited
access to XM Radio Online for when
you are not in your vehicle. A service
fee is required to receive the XM
service. For more information,
contact XM at www.xmradio.com
or call 1-800-929-2100 in the U.S.
and www.xmradio.ca or call
1-877-438-9677 in Canada.
TUNE ADJ (Tune/Adjust): Turn to
select radio stations.
SCAN: Press to enter scan mode.
The radio will display Scanning, then
goes to the next station, plays for a
few seconds, then continues on to
the next station. Press SCAN again
to stop scanning. The radio only
stops at stations with a strong signal.
INFO (Information) (FM-RDS,
XM™ Satellite Radio Service, and
MP3 Features): Press to display
information for the current FM-RDS,
XM station, or MP3 song. Choose
from Channel, Song, Artist, and
CAT (category).
NO INFO displays when information
is not available from the station.
Finding a Category (CAT)
Station
XM stations are organized in
categories.
To select and find a desired
category:
1. Press the CAT button.
2. Turn the TUNE ADJ knob to
select a category.
3. Press y or z to go to the
category’s first station, when the
desired category is displayed.
4. Press y or z to go to another
station within the selected
category.
5. Press CAT to exit the category
select mode or wait for CAT to
time out.
If CAT times out and is no longer on
the display, return to Step 1.
NOT FOUND displays if the desired
category cannot be found.
Infotainment System
Scanning Categories (CAT)
To scan a desired category:
1. Press the CAT button to enter
the category select mode.
2. Turn the TUNE ADJ knob to
select a category.
3. Press y or z for two seconds
to scan the stations in the
selected category.
4. Press y or
scanning.
z again to stop
NOT FOUND displays if the desired
category cannot be found.
XM Radio Messages
xL (Explicit Language Channels):
These channels, or any others,
can be blocked by calling
1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating: The encryption code in
the receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process
should take no longer than
30 seconds.
No Signal: The system is
functioning correctly, but the
vehicle is in a location that is blocking
the XM signal. When the vehicle is
moved into an open area, the signal
should return.
Loading XM: The audio system is
acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This
message should disappear shortly.
CH Off Air: This channel is not
currently in service. Tune in
to another channel.
CH Unauth: This channel is
blocked or cannot be received with
your XM Subscription package.
CH Unavail: This previously
assigned channel is no longer
assigned. Tune to another station.
If this station was one of the presets,
choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info: No artist, song title,
category, or text information is
available at this time on this
channel. The system is working
properly.
6-7
Not Found: There are no channels
available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
XM Locked: The XM receiver in
the vehicle may have previously
been in another vehicle. For security
purposes, XM receivers cannot be
swapped between vehicles. If this
message is received after having the
vehicle serviced, check with your
dealer/retailer.
Radio ID: If tuned to channel 0,
this message will alternate with the
XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label.
This label is needed to activate
the service. Consult with your
dealer/retailer.
Unknown: If this message is
received when tuned to channel 0,
there could be a receiver fault.
Consult with your dealer/retailer.
Chk XMRcvr: If this message does
not clear within a short period of
time, the receiver may have a fault.
Consult with your dealer/retailer.
6-8
Infotainment System
Radio Reception
AM
Cellular Phone Usage
Frequency interference and static
can occur during normal radio
reception if items such as cell phone
chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic
devices are plugged into the
accessory power outlet. If there is
interference or static, unplug the item
from the accessory power outlet.
The range for most AM stations is
greater than for FM, especially at
night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere
with each other. For better radio
reception, most AM radio stations
boost the power levels during the
day, and then reduce these levels
during the night. Static can also
occur when things like storms and
power lines interfere with radio
reception. When this happens, try
reducing the treble on the radio.
Cellular phone usage may cause
interference with the vehicle’s radio.
This interference may occur when
making or receiving phone calls,
charging the phone’s battery,
or simply having the phone on.
This interference can cause an
increased level of static while
listening to the radio. If static is
received while listening to the radio,
unplug the cellular phone and turn
it off.
FM
FM signals only reach about 10 to
40 miles (16 to 65 km). Although the
radio has a built-in electronic circuit
that automatically works to reduce
interference, some static can occur,
especially around tall buildings or
hills, causing the sound to fade in
and out.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM Satellite Radio Service
gives digital radio reception from
coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous
United States, and in Canada. Just
as with FM, tall buildings or hills can
interfere with satellite radio signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out.
In addition, traveling or standing
under heavy foliage, bridges,
garages, or tunnels may cause loss
of the XM signal for a period of time.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can
withstand most car washes without
being damaged as long as it is
securely attached to the base.
If the mast becomes slightly bent,
straighten it out by hand. If the mast
is badly bent, replace it.
Occasionally check to make sure
the antenna is tightened to its base.
If tightening is required, tighten
by hand.
Infotainment System
Satellite Radio Antenna
For vehicles with XM™ Satellite
Radio Service, the antenna is
located on the roof of the vehicle.
Keep the antenna clear of
obstructions for clear radio
reception.
If the vehicle has a sunroof, the
performance of the XM system may
be affected if the sunroof is open.
Audio Players
CD Player
Playing a CD
The CD player can play the smaller
8 cm (3 inch) single CDs with an
adapter ring.
1. Insert a CD label side up
partway into the slot.
2. The CD player pulls the CD in
and begins playing.
3. The CD symbol and track
number displays.
The CD stays in the player if the
ignition or radio is turned off.
If the CD was the last source
selected, it resumes playing when
the radio is turned on.
6-9
Y (EJECT):
Press and release to
eject a CD. Once ejected it can be
removed. If the CD is not removed
after several seconds the CD player
automatically pulls the disc back into
the player and starts playing.
TUNE ADJ: Turn the TUNE ADJ
knob to select tracks on the CD.
y SEEK TRACK z: Press y to
go to the start of the current track, if
more than ten seconds have played.
Press z to go to the next track.
Holding or pressing y or z multiple
times causes the player to continue
moving backward or forward through
the tracks on the CD.
6-10
Infotainment System
( FWD REV ) (Fast Forward/
Fast Reverse): Press and hold (
to advance playback quickly within a
track. Release to resume playing the
track. Press and hold ) to reverse
playback quickly within a track.
Release to resume playing the track.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to
play a CD when listening to the
radio.
Press the CD/AUX button again and
the system begins playing audio from
the connected portable audio player.
If a portable audio player is not
connected, “No Aux Input Device”
displays.
See “Using the Auxiliary Input Jack”
later in this section.
INFO (Information): Press to
switch the display between the track
number, elapsed time of the track,
and the time. When the ignition is off,
press this button to display the time.
EQ (Equalization): Press to select
an equalization setting while playing
a CD. See “EQ” listed previously for
more information. If an EQ setting is
selected for a CD, it is activated each
time a CD is played.
Care of CDs
The sound quality of the CD player
can be reduced because of:
• The CD-R quality.
• The method of recording
the CD-R.
• The quality of the music that has
been recorded on the CD-R.
• The way the CD-R has been
handled.
Store CD-R(s) in their original cases
or other protective cases and away
from dust and direct sunlight. The
CD player scans the bottom surface
of the disc. If the surface of a CD
is damaged, such as cracked,
broken, or scratched, the CD may
not play properly or at all. Do not
touch the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the
surface. Pick up CDs by grasping the
outer edges or the edge of the hole
and the outer edge.
To clean a CD, use a soft lint free
cloth, or dampen a clean soft
cloth in a mild neutral detergent
solution mixed with water. Wipe the
CD from the center to the edge.
Infotainment System
Care of The CD Player
CD Messages
MP3
Use a marking pen to identify CDs,
do not add labels.
If the CD ejects, it could be for one
of the following reasons:
• The CD player is very hot. When
the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• The road is very rough. When
the road becomes smoother,
the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet,
or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait
about an hour and try again.
• The format of the CD might not
be compatible. See ‘‘Using an
MP3’’ later in this section.
• A problem may have occurred
while burning the CD.
• The label could be caught in the
CD player.
MP3 CD-R Disc
Do not use CD lens cleaners; they
could damage the CD player.
Notice: If a label is added to
a CD, or more than one CD is
inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play
scratched or damaged CDs, the
CD player could be damaged.
While using the CD player, use
only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a
time, and keep the CD player and
the loading slot free of foreign
materials, liquids, and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD
Messages” later in this section.
Playing an MP3 CD-R Disc
Radios with the MP3 feature
are capable of playing an MP3
CD-R disc. See MP3 on page 6-11
for more information.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if
an error cannot be corrected, contact
your dealer/retailer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it
down and provide it to your dealer/
retailer when reporting the problem.
6-11
MP3 Format
The MP3 player will only play CD-R
discs. It can read and play a
maximum of:
• 50 folders
• 11 folders in depth
• 50 playlists
• 10 sessions
• 255 files
All folders, playlists, sessions and
files over the maximum are ignored.
Record an MP3 disc:
• Onto a CD-R disc.
• Record playlists with
an .m3u or .wpl extension.
• Do not mix standard audio and
MP3 files on the same disc.
• Record the entire disc at once.
• Finalize the disc when recording
an MP3 disc with multiple
sessions.
6-12
Infotainment System
Root Directory
Order of Play
File System and Naming
The root directory is treated as a
folder. All .mp3 files in the root
directory are accessed before
folders in the root directory.
CDs that have playlists play the
tracks in the following order:
The radio display shows, track
names that are shorter than
39 characters. Names that are
longer are shortened. The track
name appears as:
Empty Directory or Folder
Empty folders and directories do not
display. The system ignores empty
directories and folders and advances
to the next directory or folder that
has .mp3 files in it.
No Folder
On a CD that contains only .mp3
files in the root directory the next
and previous folder functions do
not work.
On a CD that contains playlists
and .mp3 files the next and previous
folder functions search playlists
first and then search .mp3 files
in the root folder.
1. After the first track in the first
playlist ends, play continues
sequentially through all tracks
in each playlist
2. After the last track of the last
playlist ends, play restarts from
the first track of the first playlist.
• The song name that is in the
ID3 tag.
• The file name without the file
extension if the song name is
not in the ID3 tag.
CDs that do not have playlists play
the tracks in the following order:
Preprogrammed Playlists
1. The first file in the root directory
plays.
Playlists are accessed before files
or folders in the root directory.
2. After all files from the root
directory have played, files
in the folders play.
Preprogrammed playlists created
by WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or
Real Jukebox™ software can be
accessed and are treated as special
folders containing compressed audio
song files.
3. After playing the last file from the
last folder, play restarts with the
first file in the root directory.
Infotainment System
Music Navigator
The music navigator feature lets
MP3 CDs play in order by artist or
album.
• The MP3 player scans the disc
to sort the files by artist and
album ID3 tag information.
• It can take several minutes to
scan the disc depending on
the number of MP3 files recorded
to the CD-R.
• The radio starts playing while the
disc is being scanned.
• After the scan is finished, the
disc starts playing.
Playing an MP3
The MP3 player can play the
smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs
with an adapter ring.
1. Insert a CD label side up
partway into the slot.
2. The CD player pulls the CD in
and begins playing.
3. The CD stays in the player if the
ignition or radio is turned off.
4. If the CD was the last source
selected, it resumes playing
when the radio is turned on.
Y (EJECT):
Press and release to
eject a CD. Once the disc is ejected
it can be removed. If the CD is not
removed after several seconds the
CD player automatically pulls the
disc back into the player and starts
playing.
y SEEK TRACK z:
Press to
go to the start of the current track,
if more than ten seconds have
played. Press z to go to the next
track. Holding or pressing y or z
multiple times will cause the player
to continue moving backward or
forward through the tracks on
the CD.
6-13
( FWD REV ) (Fast Forward/
Fast Reverse): Press and hold (
to advance playback quickly within a
track. Release ( to resume playing
the track. Press and hold ) to
reverse playback quickly within a
track. Release ( to resume playing
the track.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing.
INFO (Information): Press when
an MP3 CD is loaded, then press
the button below the Song, Artist,
Album, or Folder label to view the
information.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to
play a CD when listening to the radio.
Press the CD/AUX button again and
the system begins playing audio from
the connected portable audio player.
If a portable audio player is not
connected, “No Aux Input Device”
displays.
6-14
Infotainment System
RDM (Random): Press the button
below the RDM label to hear
the tracks in random order.
S c (Previous Folder): Press
the button below to go to the
first track in the previous folder.
c T (Next Folder): Press
the button below to go to the first
track in the next folder.
h (Music Navigator): Press the
button below to play MP3 files in
order by artist or album.
SORT: Press the button below the
SORT label to change between
playback by artist or album while
using the Music Navigator.
BACK: Press the button below the
BACK label to return to the main
music navigator screen.
S T (Previous/Next): Press
the button below to go to the
next or previous artist or album
in alphabetical order while using
the Music Navigator.
Auxiliary Devices
The radio has an auxiliary input
jack located on the lower right side
of the faceplate. This is not an audio
output; do not plug the headphone
set into the front auxiliary input jack.
An external audio device such as an
iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player,
CD changer, etc. can be connected
to the auxiliary input jack for use as
another audio source.
To use a portable audio player,
connect a 3.5 mm (1/8 inch) cable
to the radio’s front auxiliary input
jack. When a device is connected,
press the radio CD/AUX button
to begin playing audio from
the device over the vehicle
speakers.
PWR VOL (Power/Volume): Turn
to adjust the volume. Additional
volume adjustments may have to be
made from the portable device if
the volume is too quiet or not loud.
BAND: Press to listen to the
radio when a portable audio device
is playing.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to
play a CD when a portable audio
device is playing. Press again and
the system begins playing audio from
the connected portable audio player.
Climate Controls
Climate Controls
7-1
Climate Control Systems
The heating, cooling, and ventilation for the vehicle can be controlled with
this system.
Climate Control Systems
Climate Control Systems ........7-1
Air Vents
Air Vents .............................7-4
Maintenance
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter .............................7-4
A. Air Delivery Mode Control
B. Fan Control
C. Temperature Control
D. Recirculation
E. Rear Window Defogger
F. Air Conditioning
7-2
Climate Controls
Fan Control
Air Delivery Mode Control
9 (Fan):
Turn the left knob to select from the
following modes:
Turn the center knob
toward 4 to turn the system on or
increase fan speed.
If the airflow seems low when the
fan is at the highest setting, the
passenger compartment air filter
may need to be replaced. For
more information, see Passenger
Compartment Air Filter on page 7-4
and Scheduled Maintenance on
page 10-3.
Temperature Control
Turn the right knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or
decrease the temperature inside the
vehicle.
H (Vent):
Air is directed to the
upper instrument panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level): Air is directed to the
upper instrument panel outlets
and the floor outlets.
6 (Floor):
Air is directed to the
floor and side window outlets.
- (Defog):
Air is directed between
the windshield, side windows,
instrument panel outlets and the floor
outlets.
Use the defog mode to clear the
inside of the windshield of fog
or moisture and to warm the
passengers. The air conditioning
compressor runs automatically in this
setting without pressing A/C, unless
the outside temperature is at or
below 32°F (0°C).
1 (Defrost): Air is directed to the
windshield, instrument panel
outlets and the side windows.
Use the defrost mode to remove
fog or frost from the outside of the
windshield more quickly. The air
conditioning compressor runs
automatically in this setting without
pressing A/C, unless the outside
temperature is at or below
32°F (0°C).
Do not drive the vehicle until all the
windows are clear.
Climate Controls
7-3
Air Conditioning
Recirculation
Rear Window Defogger
For vehicles with this feature, there
will be the following controls:
? (Recirculation): Press to turn
the recirculation mode on or off.
An indicator light shows that it is on.
This mode recirculates the air inside
the vehicle and helps to heat or cool
the air more quickly. It can be used to
prevent outside air and odors from
entering the vehicle.
The rear window defogger uses a
warming grid to clear fog from the
rear window. It will only work when
the ignition is in the ON/RUN
position.
A/C (Air Conditioning): Press to
turn the air conditioning system
on or off. An indicator light shows
that it is on.
MAX A/C (Maximum Air
Conditioning): Press the A/C and
recirculation buttons at the same
time to select MAX A/C.
On hot days, open the windows to let
hot inside air escape; then close
them. The vehicle will cool quicker
and the A/C system operates more
efficiently.
Because the A/C system removes
moisture from the air, it is normal
for a small amount of water to
drip under the vehicle while idling
or just after turning the engine off.
Press the button again to turn the
recirculation mode off and the
outside air mode on. Recirculation is
automatically turned off when the
climate control system mode knob
is turned to defog, defrost, or is
positioned between modes.
= (Rear Defogger):
Press to turn
the rear window defogger on or off.
An indicator light shows that it is on.
The rear window defogger stays on
for 15 minutes. Clear any snow from
the rear window.
Notice: Do not use a razor
blade or sharp object to clear the
inside rear window. Do not adhere
anything to the defogger grid lines
in the rear glass. These actions
may damage the rear defogger.
Repairs would not be covered by
your warranty.
7-4
Climate Controls
Air Vents
Maintenance
Use the air outlets located in the
center and outboard sides of the
instrument panel, to change the
direction of the air flowing through
the vents.
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or
leaves from the outside air
inlets at the base of the
windshield.
• Use of non-GM approved hood
deflectors can adversely affect
the performance of the system.
• Keep the area under the
front seats clear of objects for
more effective air circulation.
• If the airflow seems low when
the fan is at the highest setting,
the passenger compartment air
filter might need to be replaced.
For more information, see
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter on page 7-4.
The access panel for the air filter is
behind the glove box. To replace
the filter:
Both outside and recirculated air
are routed through a passenger
compartment air filter. Pollen, dust
particles and other contaminants
are removed by the filter. Airflow
reductions indicate that the filter
needs to be replaced. For a
replacement filter see your dealer/
retailer. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 10-3 for replacement
intervals.
1. Open the glove box door. Push
each side of the glovebox in
and pull out to remove.
Climate Controls
2. Push the side fastener to release
and remove the filter cover.
3. Remove the air filter.
4. Install a new air filter and
reassemble the unit by reversing
the steps.
Replacing the air filter is
recommended, but will not damage
the vehicle if it is not.
7-5
7-6
Climate Controls
✍ NOTES
Driving and Operating
Driving and
Operating
Driving Information
Driving for Better Fuel
Economy ............................8-2
Defensive Driving ..................8-2
Drunk Driving .......................8-3
Control of a Vehicle ...............8-3
Braking ................................8-4
Steering ...............................8-4
Off-Road Recovery ................8-6
Loss of Control .....................8-6
Driving on Wet Roads ............8-7
Highway Hypnosis .................8-8
Hill and Mountain Roads ........8-8
Winter Driving .......................8-9
If the Vehicle is Stuck ..........8-11
Vehicle Load Limits ..............8-12
Starting and Operating
New Vehicle Break-In ...........8-16
Ignition Positions .................8-16
Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) .....................8-18
Starting the Engine ..............8-18
Engine Heater .....................8-19
Shifting Into Park .................8-20
Shifting Out of Park .............8-22
Parking ..............................8-22
Parking Over Things
That Burn .........................8-23
Engine Exhaust
Engine Exhaust ...................8-23
Running the Vehicle While
Parked .............................8-24
Automatic Transmission
Automatic Transmission
(Four Speed Automatic) ......8-24
Automatic Transmission
(Five Speed Automatic) .......8-27
Manual Mode ......................8-28
Manual Transmission
Manual Transmission ...........8-29
Drive Systems
All-Wheel Drive ...................8-31
Brakes
Antilock Brake
System (ABS) ...................8-32
Parking Brake .....................8-33
8-1
Ride Control Systems
Traction Control
System (TCS) ...................8-33
StabiliTrak System ...............8-35
Cruise Control
Cruise Control .....................8-36
Fuel
Fuel ...................................8-38
Recommended Fuel .............8-39
Gasoline Specifications .........8-39
California Fuel
Requirements ....................8-39
Fuels in Foreign Countries ....8-40
Fuel Additives .....................8-40
Filling the Tank ...................8-41
Filling a Portable Fuel
Container ..........................8-43
Towing
General Towing Information ...8-43
Driving Characteristics and
Towing Tips ......................8-44
Trailer Towing .....................8-48
Towing Equipment ...............8-49
Conversions and Add-Ons
Add-On Electrical
Equipment ........................8-50
8-2
Driving and Operating
Driving Information
• When road and weather
conditions are appropriate, use
cruise control, if equipped.
Driving for Better
Fuel Economy
• Always follow posted speed limits
Driving habits can affect fuel
mileage. Here are some driving
tips to get the best fuel economy
possible.
• Keep vehicle tires properly
• Avoid fast starts and accelerate
• Combine several trips into a
smoothly.
• Brake gradually and avoid abrupt
stops.
• Avoid idling the engine for long
periods of time.
or drive more slowly when
conditions require.
inflated.
single trip.
• Replace the vehicle’s tires with
the same TPC Spec number
molded into the tire’s sidewall
near the size.
• Follow recommended scheduled
maintenance.
Defensive Driving
Defensive driving means “always
expect the unexpected.” The first
step in driving defensively is to wear
your safety belt, see Safety Belts on
page 2-8.
{ CAUTION
Assume that other road users
(pedestrians, bicyclists, and other
drivers) are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate
what they might do and be ready.
In addition:
• Allow enough following
distance between you and
the driver in front of you.
• Focus on the task of driving.
Driver distraction can cause
collisions resulting in injury or
possible death. These simple
defensive driving techniques
could save your life.
Driving and Operating
Drunk Driving
{ CAUTION
Drinking and then driving is
very dangerous. Your reflexes,
perceptions, attentiveness, and
judgment can be affected by even
a small amount of alcohol. You
can have a serious — or even
fatal — collision if you drive after
drinking. Do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
Death and injury associated with
drinking and driving is a global
tragedy.
Alcohol affects four things that
anyone needs to drive a vehicle:
judgment, muscular coordination,
vision, and attentiveness.
Police records show that
almost 40 percent of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve
alcohol. In most cases, these deaths
are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years,
more than 17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol,
with about 250,000 people injured.
For persons under 21, it is against
the law in every U.S. state to drink
alcohol. There are good medical,
psychological, and developmental
reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the
leading highway safety problem
is for people never to drink alcohol
and then drive.
Medical research shows that alcohol
in a person’s system can make crash
injuries worse, especially injuries
to the brain, spinal cord, or heart.
8-3
This means that when anyone who
has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or
permanently disabled is higher than
if the person had not been drinking.
Control of a Vehicle
The following three systems
help to control the vehicle while
driving — brakes, steering, and
accelerator. At times, as when
driving on snow or ice, it is easy to
ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide.
Meaning, you can lose control of the
vehicle.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories can affect vehicle
performance. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 9-3.
8-4
Driving and Operating
Braking
See Brake System Warning Light on
page 4-17.
Braking action involves perception
time and reaction time. Deciding
to push the brake pedal is
perception time. Actually doing
it is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about
three-fourths of a second. But
that is only an average. It might be
less with one driver and as long as
two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition,
alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs, and frustration. But even in
three-fourths of a second, a vehicle
moving at 100 km/h (60 mph) travels
20 m (66 ft). That could be a lot of
distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between the
vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping
distances vary greatly with the
surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of
the road, whether it is wet, dry, or icy;
tire tread; the condition of the brakes;
the weight of the vehicle; and the
amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some
people drive in spurts — heavy
acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping
pace with traffic. This is a mistake.
The brakes might not have time to
cool between hard stops. The brakes
will wear out much faster with a lot of
heavy braking. Keeping pace with
the traffic and allowing realistic
following distances eliminates a lot of
unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If the engine ever stops while the
vehicle is being driven, brake
normally but do not pump the brakes.
If the brakes are pumped, the pedal
could get harder to push down. If the
engine stops, there will still be some
power brake assist but it will be used
when the brake is applied. Once the
power assist is used up, it can take
longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories can affect vehicle
performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 9-3.
Steering
If the engine stalls while driving, the
power steering assist system will
continue to operate until you are able
to stop the vehicle. If power steering
assist is lost because the electric
power steering system is not
functioning, the vehicle can be
steered but it will take more effort.
Driving and Operating
8-5
If you turn the steering wheel in
either direction several times until it
stops, or hold the steering wheel in
the stopped position for an extended
amount of time, you may notice a
reduced amount of power steering
assist. The normal amount of power
steering assist should return shortly
after a few normal steering
movements.
Steering Tips
Steering in Emergencies
It is important to take curves at a
reasonable speed.
The electric power steering
system does not require regular
maintenance. If you suspect
steering system problems, such as
abnormally high steering effort for a
prolonged period of time, contact
your dealer/retailer for service
repairs.
If there is a need to reduce speed,
do it before entering the curve,
while the front wheels are straight.
There are times when steering
can be more effective than braking.
For example, you come over a hill
and find a truck stopped in your lane,
or a car suddenly pulls out from
nowhere, or a child darts out from
between parked cars and stops right
in front of you. These problems can
be avoided by braking — if you can
stop in time. But sometimes you
cannot stop in time because there
is no room. That is the time for
evasive action — steering around
the problem.
Traction in a curve depends on the
condition of the tires and the road
surface, the angle at which the curve
is banked, and vehicle speed. While
in a curve, speed is the one factor
that can be controlled.
Try to adjust the speed so you can
drive through the curve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until out of the curve, and
then accelerate gently into the
straightaway.
The vehicle can perform very well
in emergencies like these. First
apply the brakes. See Braking on
page 8-4. It is better to remove as
much speed as possible from a
collision. Then steer around the
problem, to the left or right
depending on the space available.
8-6
Driving and Operating
Off-Road Recovery
The vehicle’s right wheels can drop
off the edge of a road onto the
shoulder while driving.
front tire contacts the pavement
edge. Then turn the steering wheel
to go straight down the roadway.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts
say about what happens when the
three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not
have enough friction where the tires
meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
An emergency like this requires
close attention and a quick decision.
If holding the steering wheel at the
recommended 9 and 3 o’clock
positions, it can be turned a full
180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have
to act fast, steer quickly, and just as
quickly straighten the wheel once
you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency
situations are always possible is a
good reason to practice defensive
driving at all times and wear safety
belts properly.
In any emergency, do not give up.
Keep trying to steer and constantly
seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
If the level of the shoulder is only
slightly below the pavement,
recovery should be fairly easy.
Ease off the accelerator and then, if
there is nothing in the way, steer so
that the vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement. Turn the steering
wheel 8 to 13 cm, 3 to 5 inches,
(about one-eighth turn) until the right
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of
the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid
most skids by taking reasonable care
suited to existing conditions, and by
not overdriving those conditions.
But skids are always possible.
Driving and Operating
The three types of skids correspond
to the vehicle’s three control
systems. In the braking skid, the
wheels are not rolling. In the steering
or cornering skid, too much speed or
steering in a curve causes tires to
slip and lose cornering force. And in
the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels
to spin.
If the vehicle starts to slide, ease
your foot off the accelerator pedal
and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering
quickly enough, the vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when
water, snow, ice, gravel, or other
material is on the road. For safety,
slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to
slow down on slippery surfaces
because stopping distance is longer
and vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with
reduced traction, try your best to
avoid sudden steering, acceleration,
or braking, including reducing vehicle
speed by shifting to a lower gear.
Any sudden changes could cause
the tires to slide. You might not
realize the surface is slippery until
the vehicle is skidding. Learn to
recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow
on the road to make a mirrored
surface — and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any Antilock Brake
System (ABS) helps avoid only the
braking skid.
Driving on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can reduce
vehicle traction and affect your ability
to stop and accelerate. Always drive
slower in these types of driving
conditions and avoid driving through
large puddles and deep-standing or
flowing water.
8-7
{ CAUTION
Wet brakes can cause crashes.
They might not work as well in
a quick stop and could cause
pulling to one side. You could
lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large
puddle of water or a car/vehicle
wash, lightly apply the brake pedal
until the brakes work normally.
Flowing or rushing water creates
strong forces. Driving through
flowing water could cause your
vehicle to be carried away. If this
happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not
ignore police warnings and be
very cautious about trying to
drive through flowing water.
8-8
Driving and Operating
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. Water
can build up under your vehicle’s
tires so they actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is
wet enough and you are going fast
enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no
contact with the road.
• Keep the windshield washer fluid
reservoir filled.
• Have good tires with proper tread
depth. See Tires on page 9-43.
• Turn off cruise control.
Highway Hypnosis
There is no hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is
to slow down when the road is wet.
Always be alert and pay attention
to your surroundings while driving.
If you become tired or sleepy, find
a safe place to park your vehicle
and rest.
Other Rainy Weather Tips
Other driving tips include:
Besides slowing down, other wet
weather driving tips include:
• Keep the vehicle well ventilated.
• Keep interior temperature cool.
• Keep your eyes moving — scan
• Allow extra following distance.
• Pass with caution.
• Keep windshield wiping
equipment in good shape.
the road ahead and to the sides.
• Check the rearview mirror and
vehicle instruments often.
Hill and Mountain Roads
Driving on steep hills or through
mountains is different than driving
on flat or rolling terrain. Tips for
driving in these conditions include:
• Keep the vehicle serviced
and in good shape.
• Check all fluid levels and brakes,
tires, cooling system, and
transmission.
• Going down steep or long hills,
shift to a lower gear.
{ CAUTION
If you do not shift down, the
brakes could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would
then have poor braking or even
none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let the engine
assist the brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
Driving and Operating
{ CAUTION
Coasting downhill in N (Neutral) or
with the ignition off is dangerous.
The brakes will have to do all the
work of slowing down and they
could get so hot that they would
not work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash.
Always have the engine running
and the vehicle in gear when going
downhill.
• Stay in your own lane. Do not
swing wide or cut across the
center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your
own lane.
• Top of hills: Be alert — something
could be in your lane (stalled car,
accident).
• Pay attention to special road
signs (falling rocks area, winding
roads, long grades, passing or
no-passing zones) and take
appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Driving on Snow or Ice
Drive carefully when there is snow or
ice between the tires and the road,
creating less traction or grip. Wet ice
can occur at about 0°C (32°F) when
freezing rain begins to fall, resulting
in even less traction. Avoid driving on
wet ice or in freezing rain until roads
can be treated with salt or sand.
Drive with caution, whatever the
condition. Accelerate gently so
traction is not lost. Accelerating too
quickly causes the wheels to spin
and makes the surface under the
tires slick, so there is even less
traction.
8-9
Try not to break the fragile traction.
If you accelerate too fast, the drive
wheels will spin and polish the
surface under the tires even more.
The Antilock Brake System (ABS) on
page 8-32 improves vehicle stability
during hard stops on a slippery
roads, but apply the brakes sooner
than when on dry pavement.
Allow greater following distance on
any slippery road and watch for
slippery spots. Icy patches can occur
on otherwise clear roads in shaded
areas. The surface of a curve or an
overpass can remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. Avoid
sudden steering maneuvers and
braking while on ice.
Turn off cruise control, if equipped,
on slippery surfaces.
8-10
Driving and Operating
Blizzard Conditions
Being stuck in snow can be in a
serious situation. Stay with the
vehicle unless there is help nearby.
If possible, use the Roadside
Assistance Program on page 12-6.
To get help and keep everyone in the
vehicle safe:
• Turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to an outside
mirror.
{ CAUTION
Snow can trap engine exhaust
under the vehicle. This may cause
exhaust gases to get inside.
Engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide (CO) which cannot be
seen or smelled. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
If the vehicle is stuck in the snow:
• Clear away snow from
around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is
blocking the exhaust pipe.
• Check again from time to
time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
• Open a window about 5 cm
(two inches) on the side of
the vehicle that is away from
the wind to bring in fresh air.
• Fully open the air outlets on or
under the instrument panel.
• Adjust the Climate Control
system to a setting that
circulates the air inside the
vehicle and set the fan speed
to the highest setting. See
Climate Control System in the
Index.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
For more information about
carbon monoxide, see Engine
Exhaust on page 8-23.
Snow can trap exhaust gases
under your vehicle. This can cause
deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome
you and kill you. You cannot see it
or smell it, so you might not know it
is in your vehicle. Clear away snow
from around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is
blocking the exhaust.
Run the engine for short periods only
as needed to keep warm, but be
careful.
Driving and Operating
To save fuel, run the engine for only
short periods as needed to warm the
vehicle and then shut the engine off
and close the window most of the
way to save heat. Repeat this until
help arrives but only when you feel
really uncomfortable from the cold.
Moving about to keep warm also
helps.
If it takes some time for help to
arrive, now and then when you run
the engine, push the accelerator
pedal slightly so the engine runs
faster than the idle speed. This
keeps the battery charged to restart
the vehicle and to signal for help with
the headlamps. Do this as little as
possible to save fuel.
If the Vehicle is Stuck
Slowly and cautiously spin the
wheels to free the vehicle when
stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow.
{ CAUTION
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at
high speed, they can explode, and
you or others could be injured. The
vehicle can overheat, causing an
engine compartment fire or other
damage. Spin the wheels as little
as possible and avoid going above
55 km/h (35 mph) as shown on the
speedometer.
For information about using tire
chains on the vehicle, see Tire
Chains on page 9-61.
8-11
Rocking the Vehicle to Get
it Out
Turn the steering wheel left and
right to clear the area around the
front wheels. Turn off any traction
system. Shift back and forth between
R (Reverse) and a forward gear,
or with a manual transmission,
between 1 (First) or 2 (Second) and
R (Reverse), spinning the wheels
as little as possible. To prevent
transmission wear, wait until the
wheels stop spinning before shifting
gears. Release the accelerator pedal
while shifting, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the
transmission is in gear. Slowly
spinning the wheels in the forward
and reverse directions causes a
rocking motion that could free the
vehicle. If that does not get the
vehicle out after a few tries, it might
need to be towed out. If the vehicle
does need to be towed out, see
Towing the Vehicle on page 9-73.
8-12
Driving and Operating
Vehicle Load Limits
It is very important to know how
much weight your vehicle can
carry. Two labels on the vehicle
show how much weight it may
properly carry, the Tire and
Loading Information label and the
Certification label.
Tire and Loading Information
Label
{ CAUTION
Do not load the vehicle any
heavier than the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR), or
either the maximum front or
rear Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR). If you do, parts on
the vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your
vehicle handles. These could
cause you to lose control and
crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of the vehicle.
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and
Loading Information label is
attached to the vehicle’s center
pillar (B-pillar). With the driver’s
door open you will find the label
attached below the door lock post
(striker). The Tire and Loading
Information label shows the
number of occupant seating
positions (A), and the maximum
vehicle capacity weight (B)
in kilograms and pounds.
This weight includes the weight
of all occupants, cargo, and all
nonfactory-installed options.
The Tire and Loading Information
label also shows the tire size of
the original equipment tires (C),
and the recommended cold tire
inflation pressures (D). For more
information on tires and inflation
see Tires on page 9-43 and Tire
Pressure on page 9-49.
There is also important loading
information on the Certification
label. It tells you the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
and the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for the front and
rear axle. See “Certification
Label” later in this section.
Driving and Operating
Steps for Determining Correct
Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The
combined weight of occupants
and cargo should never
exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs”
on your vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined
weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding
in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight
of the driver and passengers
from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
4. The resulting figure equals the
available amount of cargo and
luggage load capacity. For
example, if the “XXX” amount
equals 1400 lbs and there will
be five 150 lb passengers in
your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage
load capacity is 650 lbs
(1400 − 750 (5 x 150) =
650 lbs).
8-13
5. Determine the combined
weight of luggage and cargo
being loaded on the vehicle.
That weight may not safely
exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity
calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing
a trailer, the load from your
trailer will be transferred
to your vehicle. Consult this
manual to determine how
this reduces the available
cargo and luggage load
capacity of your vehicle.
If your vehicle can tow a trailer,
see Trailer Towing on page 8-48
for important information on
towing a trailer, towing safety
rules and trailering tips.
Example 1
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 = 453 kg
(1,000 lbs).
B. Subtract Occupant Weight
68 kg (150 lbs) × 2 = 136 kg
(300 lbs).
C. Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight = 317 kg
(700 lbs).
8-14
Driving and Operating
weight of the driver, passengers,
and cargo should never exceed
the vehicle’s maximum vehicle
capacity weight.
Certification Label
Example 2
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 = 453 kg
(1,000 lbs).
B. Subtract Occupant Weight
68 kg (150 lbs) × 5 = 340 kg
(750 lbs).
C. Available Cargo
Weight = 113 kg (250 lbs).
Example 3
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 = 453 kg
(1,000 lbs).
B. Subtract Occupant Weight
91 kg (200 lbs) × 5 = 453 kg
(1,000 lbs).
C. Available Cargo
Weight = 0 kg (0 lbs).
Refer to your vehicle’s Tire and
Loading Information label for
specific information about the
vehicle’s capacity weight and
seating positions. The combined
Label Example
A vehicle specific Certification
label is attached to the center
pillar, near the driver’s door latch.
It tells you the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle, called
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all
occupants, fuel, and cargo.
Driving and Operating
Never exceed the GVWR for the
vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for either the
front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load,
you should spread it out. See
“Steps for Determining Correct
Load Limit” earlier in this section.
{ CAUTION
Do not load the vehicle any
heavier than the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR), or
either the maximum front or
rear Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR). If you do, parts on
the vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your
vehicle handles. These could
cause you to lose control and
crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of the vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your
vehicle may cause damage.
Repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not
overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your
vehicle — like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything
else — they will go as fast as the
vehicle goes. If you have to stop
or turn quickly, or if there is a
crash, they will keep going.
CAUTION
•
{ CAUTION
Things you put inside your
vehicle can strike and injure
people in a sudden stop or
turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the rear area
of your vehicle. Try to
spread the weight evenly.
If you have fold-down rear
seats, you will find four
(Continued)
•
•
•
8-15
(Continued)
anchors on the back wall
of your trunk. You can use
these anchors to tie down
lighter loads. They are not
strong enough for heavy
things, however, so put
them as far forward as
you can in the trunk or
rear area.
Never stack heavier
things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above
the tops of the seats.
Do not leave an unsecured
child restraint in your
vehicle.
When you carry something
inside the vehicle, secure it
whenever you can.
Do not leave a seat folded
down unless you need to.
8-16
Driving and Operating
Starting and
Operating
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: The vehicle does not
need an elaborate break-in. But it
will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
• Do not drive at any one
constant speed, fast or slow,
for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Do not make full-throttle starts.
Avoid downshifting to brake or
slow the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for the
first 200 miles (322 km) or so.
During this time the new brake
linings are not yet broken in.
Hard stops with new linings
can mean premature wear and
earlier replacement. Follow this
breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
Ignition Positions
The ignition switch has four different
positions.
To shift out of P (Park), turn the
ignition to ON/RUN and apply
the brake pedal.
• Do not tow a trailer during
break-in. See Trailer Towing on
page 8-48 for the trailer towing
capabilities of the vehicle and
more information.
Following break-in, engine speed
and load can be gradually
increased.
Notice: Using a tool to force the
key to turn in the ignition could
cause damage to the switch or
break the key. Use the correct key,
make sure it is all the way in, and
turn it only with your hand. If the
key cannot be turned by hand, see
your dealer/retailer.
Driving and Operating
LOCK/OFF: This is the only position
from which you can remove the key.
This locks the steering wheel,
ignition and automatic transmission.
Push in the ignition switch as you
turn the key toward you.
On vehicles with an automatic
transmission, the shift lever must be
in P (Park) to turn the ignition switch
to the LOCK/OFF position.
A warning tone will sound if the driver
door is opened with the key in the
ignition.
The ignition switch can bind in the
LOCK/OFF position with your wheels
turned off center. If this happens,
move the steering wheel from right
to left while turning the key to
ACC/ACCESSORY. If this doesn’t
work, then the vehicle needs service.
{ CAUTION
On manual transmission vehicles,
turning the key to LOCK/OFF and
removing it will lock the steering
column and result in a loss of
ability to steer the vehicle.
This could cause a collision.
If you need to turn the engine
off while the vehicle is moving,
turn the key only to ACC/
ACCESSORY. Do not push the
key in while the vehicle is moving.
ACC/ACCESSORY: This position
provides power to some of the
electrical accessories. It unlocks the
steering wheel and ignition. To move
the key from ACC/ACCESSORY to
LOCK/OFF, push in the key and then
turn it to LOCK/OFF.
A warning tone will sound when the
driver door is opened when the
ignition is still in ACC/ACCESSORY
or LOCK/OFF and the key is in the
ignition.
8-17
ON/RUN: The ignition switch stays
in this position when the engine is
running. This position can be used
to operate the electrical accessories,
including the ventilation fan and
115 volt power outlet, as well as to
display some warning and indicator
lights. The transmission is also
unlocked in this position on
automatic transmission vehicles.
The battery could be drained
if you leave the key in the ACC/
ACCESSORY or ON/RUN position
with the engine off. You may not be
able to start the vehicle if the battery
is allowed to drain for an extended
period of time.
START: This position starts the
engine. When the engine starts,
release the key. The ignition switch
will return to ON/RUN for normal
driving.
8-18
Driving and Operating
Retained Accessory
Power (RAP)
These vehicle accessories may be
used for less than a minute after
the engine is turned off.
• Power Windows, if equipped
• Sunroof, if equipped
The power windows and sunroof will
continue to work for less than a
minute or until either front door is
opened. The radio will work when
the key is in ON/RUN or ACC/
ACCESSORY.
Starting the Engine
Automatic Transmission
Move the shift lever to P (Park) or
N (Neutral). The engine will not
start in any other position. To restart
when you are already moving, use
N (Neutral) only.
Notice: Shifting into P (Park)
with the vehicle moving could
damage the transmission. Shift
into P (Park) only when the vehicle
is stopped.
Manual Transmission
The shift lever should be in
NEUTRAL and the parking brake
engaged. Hold the clutch pedal
to the floor and start the engine.
The vehicle will not start if the clutch
pedal is not all the way down.
Starting Procedure
1. With your foot off the accelerator
pedal, turn the ignition to START.
When the engine starts, let go of
the key. The idle speed will go
down as the engine gets warm.
Vehicles equipped with
the 1.8L engine have a
Computer-Controlled Cranking
System. This feature assists in
starting the engine and protects
components. If the ignition key is
turned to the START position,
and then released when the
engine begins cranking, the
engine will continue cranking for
a about 30 seconds or until the
vehicle starts. If the engine does
not start and the key is held in
START for many seconds,
cranking will be stopped after
25 seconds to prevent cranking
motor damage. To prevent gear
damage, this system also
prevents cranking if the engine is
already running. Engine cranking
can be stopped by turning the
ignition switch to ACC/
ACCESSORY or LOCK/OFF.
Vehicles equipped with
the 2.4L engine should not
be cranked for more than
30 seconds at a time. This
may overheat the starter and
wiring systems.
Driving and Operating
Notice: Holding the key in START
for longer than 15 seconds at a
time will cause the battery to be
drained much sooner. And the
excessive heat can damage the
starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to
help avoid draining the battery or
damaging the starter.
2. If the engine does not start, wait
about 15 seconds and try again
to start the engine by turning
the ignition to START. Wait about
15 seconds between each try.
When the engine has run about
10 seconds to warm up, the
vehicle is ready to be driven.
Do not run the engine at high
speed when it is cold.
If the weather is below freezing
(32°F or 0°C), let the engine run
for a few minutes to warm up.
3. If the engine still will not start, or
starts but then stops, it could be
flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing the accelerator pedal
all the way to the floor and holding
it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds.
If the vehicle starts briefly but then
stops again, do the same thing,
but this time keep the pedal down
for five or six seconds. This clears
the extra gasoline from the
engine.
8-19
Notice: The engine is designed
to work with the electronics in
the vehicle. If electrical parts or
accessories are added, you
could change the way the engine
operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your
dealer/retailer. If you do not,
the engine might not perform
properly. Any resulting damage
would not be covered by the
vehicle warranty.
Engine Heater
The engine coolant heater, if
available, can help in cold weather
conditions at or below 0°F (−18°C)
for easier starting and better fuel
economy during engine warm-up.
Plug in the coolant heater at least
four hours before starting the vehicle.
8-20
Driving and Operating
To Use the Engine Coolant
Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the
electrical cord. The electrical
cord is located on the driver side
of the engine compartment.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded
110-volt AC outlet.
{ CAUTION
Plugging the cord into an
ungrounded outlet could cause
an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord
could overheat and cause a fire.
You could be seriously injured.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
Plug the cord into a properly
grounded three-prong 110-volt AC
outlet. If the cord will not reach,
use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least
15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be
sure to unplug and store the
cord as it was before to keep
it away from moving engine
parts. If you do not, it could be
damaged.
The length of time the heater should
remain plugged in depends on
several factors. Ask a dealer/retailer
in the area where you will be
parking the vehicle for the best
advice on this.
Shifting Into Park
{ CAUTION
It can be dangerous to get out of
the vehicle if the shift lever is not
fully in P (Park) with the parking
brake firmly set. The vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure the vehicle will
not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you are pulling a
trailer, see Driving Characteristics
and Towing Tips on page 8-44.
Driving and Operating
To shift into P (Park), do the
following:
1. Hold the brake pedal down
and set the parking brake.
See Parking Brake on page 8-33
for more information.
2. Move the shift lever into P (Park)
by pushing the lever all the way
toward the front of the vehicle
and to the left.
3. Turn the ignition key to
LOCK/OFF.
4. Remove the key and take it with
you. If you can leave the vehicle
with the key in your hand, the
vehicle is in P (Park).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running (Automatic
Transmission)
{ CAUTION
It can be dangerous to leave the
vehicle with the engine running.
The vehicle could move suddenly
if the shift lever is not fully in
P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. And, if you leave the
vehicle with the engine running, it
could overheat and even catch
fire. You or others could be
injured. Do not leave the vehicle
with the engine running.
If you have to leave an automatic
transmission vehicle with the engine
running, be sure the vehicle is in
P (Park) and the parking brake
is firmly set before you leave it.
8-21
Torque Lock (Automatic
Transmission)
If you are parking on a hill and you
do not shift into P (Park) properly, the
weight of the vehicle may put too
much force on the parking pawl in
the transmission. You may find it
difficult to pull the shift lever out of
P (Park). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the
parking brake and then shift into
P (Park) properly before you leave
the driver seat. To find out how, see
Shifting Into Park on page 8-20.
Move the shift lever out of P (Park)
before you release the parking
brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may
need to have another vehicle push
yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the parking pawl in
the transmission, so you can pull the
shift lever out of P (Park).
8-22
Driving and Operating
Shifting Out of Park
This vehicle has an electronic shift
lock release system. The shift lock
release is designed to:
• Prevent ignition key removal
unless the shift lever is in
P (Park).
• Prevent movement of the shift
lever out of P (Park), unless the
ignition is in ON/RUN and the
brake pedal is applied.
The shift lock release is always
functional except in the case of an
uncharged or low voltage (less
than 9 volt) battery.
If the vehicle has an uncharged
battery or a battery with low voltage,
try charging or jump starting the
battery. See Shifting Out of Park on
page 8-22 for more information.
To shift out of P (Park) use the
following:
1. Apply the brake pedal.
2. Move the shift lever to the
desired position.
If you still are unable to shift out of
P (Park):
1. Fully release the shift lever.
2. Hold the brake pedal down.
3. Move the shift lever to the
desired position.
If you still cannot move the shift
lever from P (Park), consult
your dealer/retailer or a professional
towing service.
Parking
Before you get out of the vehicle,
move the shift lever into R (Reverse),
and firmly apply the parking brake.
Once the shift lever has been placed
into R (Reverse) with the clutch
pedal pressed in, you can turn the
ignition key to LOCK/OFF, remove
the key and release the clutch.
If you are parking on a hill, or if
the vehicle is pulling a trailer, see
Driving Characteristics and Towing
Tips on page 8-44.
Driving and Operating
Evaporation Pump
The vehicle is equipped with
a vacuum pump for the fuel
evaporation system. This pump
performs a fuel evaporation leakage
test approximately five hours
after the engine is turned off.
You may hear a sound coming
from underneath the rear cargo
compartment for several minutes.
The noise is normal and does not
signify a malfunction. See your
dealer/retailer with any questions.
Parking Over Things
That Burn
{ CAUTION
Things that can burn could touch
hot exhaust parts under the
vehicle and ignite. Do not park
over papers, leaves, dry grass,
or other things that can burn.
Engine Exhaust
{ CAUTION
Engine exhaust contains Carbon
Monoxide (CO) which cannot be
seen or smelled. Exposure to CO
can cause unconsciousness and
even death.
Exhaust may enter the vehicle if:
• The vehicle idles in areas
with poor ventilation (parking
garages, tunnels, deep snow
that may block underbody
airflow or tail pipes).
• The exhaust smells or
sounds strange or different.
• The exhaust system leaks
due to corrosion or damage.
(Continued)
CAUTION
8-23
(Continued)
• The vehicle’s exhaust system
•
has been modified, damaged
or improperly repaired.
There are holes or openings
in the vehicle body from
damage or after-market
modifications that are not
completely sealed.
If unusual fumes are detected or if
it is suspected that exhaust is
coming into the vehicle:
• Drive it only with the windows
completely down.
• Have the vehicle repaired
immediately.
Never park the vehicle with the
engine running in an enclosed
area such as a garage or a
building that has no fresh air
ventilation.
8-24
Driving and Operating
Running the Vehicle
While Parked
It is better not to park with the
engine running. But if you ever have
to, here are some things to know.
{ CAUTION
Idling a vehicle in an enclosed
area with poor ventilation is
dangerous. Engine exhaust may
enter the vehicle. Engine exhaust
contains Carbon Monoxide (CO)
which cannot be seen or smelled.
It can cause unconsciousness
and even death. Never run the
engine in an enclosed area that
has no fresh air ventilation. For
more information, see Engine
Exhaust on page 8-23.
{ CAUTION
It can be dangerous to get out
of the vehicle if the automatic
transmission shift lever is not fully
in P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. The vehicle can roll.
Do not leave the vehicle when the
engine is running unless you have
to. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure the vehicle will
not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set the
parking brake and move the shift
lever to P (Park).
Follow the proper steps to be
sure the vehicle will not move.
See Shifting Into Park on page 8-20.
If parking on a hill and pulling a
trailer, see Driving Characteristics
and Towing Tips on page 8-44.
Automatic
Transmission
Automatic Transmission
(Four Speed Automatic)
The shift lever is located on the
console between the seats.
P (Park): This position locks the
front wheels. It is the best position
to use when you start the engine
because the vehicle cannot move
easily.
Driving and Operating
{ CAUTION
It is dangerous to get out of the
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully
in P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. The vehicle can roll.
Do not leave the vehicle when the
engine is running unless you have
to. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure the vehicle will
not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set the
parking brake and move the shift
lever to P (Park). See Shifting Into
Park on page 8-20. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Driving
Characteristics and Towing Tips
on page 8-44.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in
P (Park) before starting the engine.
The vehicle has an automatic
transmission shift lock control
system. You must fully apply the
regular brake first and move the shift
lever to the right before you can shift
from P (Park) when the ignition key is
in ON/RUN. If you cannot shift out of
P (Park), ease pressure on the shift
lever, then push the shift lever all the
way into P (Park) as you maintain
brake application. Then move the
shift lever to the right and move the
shift lever into another gear. See
Shifting Out of Park on page 8-22.
8-25
R (Reverse): Use this gear to
back up.
Notice: Shifting to R (Reverse)
while the vehicle is moving
forward could damage the
transmission. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Shift to R (Reverse) only
after the vehicle is stopped.
To rock the vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without
damaging the transmission, see If
the Vehicle is Stuck on page 8-11.
8-26
Driving and Operating
N (Neutral): In this position, the
engine does not connect with the
wheels. To restart the vehicle when it
is already moving, use N (Neutral)
only. Also, use N (Neutral) when the
vehicle is being towed.
{ CAUTION
Shifting into a drive gear while the
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is
firmly on the brake pedal, the
vehicle could move very rapidly.
You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Do not shift into
a drive gear while the engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of P (Park)
or N (Neutral) with the engine
running at high speed may
damage the transmission. The
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Be sure the
engine is not running at high
speed when shifting the vehicle.
D (Drive): This position is for
normal driving. It provides the best
fuel economy. If you need more
power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than 35 mph
(56 km/h), push the accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or
more, push the accelerator all
the way down.
Notice: If the vehicle seems to
start up rather slowly or not shift
gears when you go faster, and
you continue to drive the vehicle
that way, you could damage the
transmission. Have the vehicle
serviced right away. You can drive
in L2 (Low) when you are driving
less than 35 mph (56 km/h) and
D (Drive) for higher speeds
until then.
2 (Second): This position reduces
vehicle speed more than D (Drive)
without using the brakes. You can
use 2 (Second) on hills. It can help
control vehicle speed as you go
down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also want to use the
brakes off and on.
L (Low): This position reduces
vehicle speed even more than
2 (Second) without using the brakes.
You can use it on very steep hills, or
in deep snow or mud. If the shift lever
is put in L (Low), the transmission will
not shift into low gear until the vehicle
is going slow enough.
Driving and Operating
Automatic Transmission
(Five Speed Automatic)
{ CAUTION
It is dangerous to get out of the
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully
in P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. The vehicle can roll.
The shift lever is located on the
console between the seats.
P (Park): This position locks the
front wheels. It is the best position
to use when starting the engine
because the vehicle cannot move
easily.
Do not leave the vehicle when the
engine is running unless you have
to. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure the vehicle will
not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set the
parking brake and move the shift
lever to P (Park). See Shifting Into
Park on page 8-20. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Driving
Characteristics and Towing Tips
on page 8-44.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in
P (Park) before starting the engine.
The vehicle has an automatic
transmission shift lock control
8-27
system. You must fully apply the
regular brake first and move the shift
lever to the right before shifting from
P (Park) while the ignition key is in
ON/RUN. If you cannot shift out of
P (Park), ease pressure on the shift
lever and push the shift lever all the
way into P (Park) as you maintain
brake application. Then move the
shift lever into another gear. See
Shifting Out of Park on page 8-22.
R (Reverse): Use this gear to
back up.
Notice: Shifting to R (Reverse)
while the vehicle is moving
forward could damage the
transmission. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Shift to R (Reverse)
only after the vehicle is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth
to get out of snow, ice, or sand
without damaging the transmission,
see If the Vehicle is Stuck on
page 8-11.
8-28
Driving and Operating
N (Neutral): In this position,
the engine does not connect with
the wheels. To restart the engine
when the vehicle is already moving,
use N (Neutral) only. Also, use
N (Neutral) when the vehicle is
being towed.
{ CAUTION
Shifting into a drive gear while the
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is
firmly on the brake pedal, the
vehicle could move very rapidly.
You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Do not shift into
a drive gear while the engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of P (Park)
or N (Neutral) with the engine
running at high speed may
damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered
by the vehicle warranty. Be sure
the engine is not running at high
speed when shifting the vehicle.
D (Drive): This position is for normal
driving. It provides the best fuel
economy from the vehicle. If you
need more power for passing, and
you are:
• Going less than 35 mph
(55 km/h), push the accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or
more, push the accelerator all the
way down.
Manual Mode
Driver Shift Control (DSC)
DSC mode allows you to choose
the top gear limit of the vehicle’s
transmission and the vehicle’s speed
while driving down hill or towing a
trailer. To use this feature, do the
following:
1. Move the shift lever from
D (Drive) left to S (Shift Control).
While driving in this mode, the
transmission will remain in the
driver selected range. When
coming to a stop, the vehicle
will automatically shift into
1 (First) gear.
2. Move the shift lever forward to
increase the gear range, or
rearward to decrease the gear
range available based upon your
current driving conditions and
needs.
Driving and Operating
The number displayed in the
instrument cluster is the highest
gear that the transmission will
be allowed to operate in. However,
your vehicle can automatically
shift to lower gears as required
by various driving conditions.
This means that all gears below
that number are available.
The display in the instrument cluster
will change from the currently
displayed message to 4 (Fourth)
when you enter S (Shift Control), and
change to indicate the requested
gear range when moving the shift
lever forward or rearward.
While using the DSC feature the
transmission will have firmer shifting
and sportier performance. You can
use this for sport driving or when
climbing hills to stay in gear longer
or to downshift for more power or
engine braking.
The transmission will only allow
shifting into gears appropriate
for the vehicles speed and engine
revolutions per minute (RPM):
8-29
Manual Transmission
• The transmission will not
automatically shift to the next
higher gear if the vehicle speed
or engine RPM is too high.
• The transmission will not allow
shifting to the next lower gear if
the vehicle speed or engine RPM
is too high. An audible warning
will sound and the downshift will
not be allowed. The downshift
request will have to be made
again once the vehicle reaches
an acceptable speed.
4
3
3
2
2
1
Downshift
Requested
(Fourth) to
(Third)
(Third) to
(Second)
(Second) to
(First)
Required
Vehicle Speed
Below 95 mph
(153 km/h)
Below 60 mph
(97 km/h)
Below 30 mph
(48 km/h)
1 (First): Press the clutch pedal and
shift into 1 (First). Then, slowly let
up on the clutch pedal as you press
the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into 1 (First) when
you are going less than 20 mph
(32 km/h). If you have come to a
complete stop and it is hard to shift
into 1 (First), put the shift lever in
Neutral and let up on the clutch.
Press the clutch pedal back down.
Then shift into 1 (First).
8-30
Driving and Operating
2 (Second): Press the clutch pedal
as you let up on the accelerator
pedal and shift into 2 (Second).
Then, slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator
pedal.
3 (Third), 4 (Fourth), 5 (Fifth): Shift
into 3 (Third), 4 (Fourth) and 5 (Fifth)
the same way you do for 2 (Second).
Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
you press the accelerator pedal.
To stop, let up on the accelerator
pedal and press the brake pedal.
Just before the vehicle stops, press
the clutch pedal and the brake pedal,
and shift to Neutral.
Neutral: Use this position when
you start or idle the engine.
R (Reverse): To back up, press
down on the clutch pedal and shift
into R (Reverse). Let up on the clutch
pedal slowly while pressing the
accelerator pedal.
Notice: Shifting to R (Reverse)
while the vehicle is moving
forward could damage the
transmission. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Shift to R (Reverse) only
after the vehicle is stopped.
Also, use R (Reverse) along with
the parking brake for parking
the vehicle.
Shift Speeds
{ CAUTION
If you skip a gear when you
downshift, you could lose control
of the vehicle. You could injure
yourself or others. Do not shift
down more than one gear at a
time when you downshift.
This chart shows the maximum
allowable speeds in each gear when
maximum acceleration is necessary.
Driving and Operating
Manual Transmission
Recommended Shift Speeds
Engine
1 to 2
Engine
1 to 2
2 to 3
3 to 4
4 to 5
1.8L
34 mph
(55 km/h)
56 mph
(91 km/h)
82 mph
(132 km/h)
121 mph
(195 km/h)
2 to 3
3 to 4
4 to 5
2.4L
31 mph
(50 km/h)
53 mph
(86 km/h)
82 mph
(132 km/h)
112 mph
(181 km/h)
If vehicle speed drops below 20 mph
(32 km/h), or if the engine is not
running smoothly, you should
downshift to the next lower gear.
You may have to downshift two or
more gears to keep the engine
running smoothly or for good
performance.
8-31
Drive Systems
All-Wheel Drive
With this feature, engine power is
sent to all four wheels at all times.
This is like four-wheel drive, but there
is no separate lever or switch to
engage or disengage the rear axle.
It is fully automatic, and adjusts itself
as needed for road conditions.
8-32
Driving and Operating
Brakes
Antilock Brake
System (ABS)
This vehicle has the Antilock Brake
System (ABS), an advanced
electronic braking system that
helps prevent a braking skid.
When the engine is started and the
vehicle begins to drive away, ABS
checks itself. A momentary motor or
clicking noise might be heard while
this test is going on, and it might
even be noticed that the brake pedal
moves a little. This is normal.
Let us say the road is wet and you
are driving safely. Suddenly, an
animal jumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes and continue
braking. Here is what happens
with ABS:
A computer senses that the wheels
are slowing down. If one of the
wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work the
brakes at each wheel.
ABS can change the brake pressure
to each wheel, as required, faster
than any driver could. This can help
the driver steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
As the brakes are applied, the
computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
United States
Canada
If there is a problem with ABS, this
warning light stays on. See Antilock
Brake System (ABS) Warning Light
on page 4-17.
Remember: ABS does not change
the time needed to get a foot up to
the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too
close to the vehicle in front of you,
there will not be enough time to apply
the brakes if that vehicle suddenly
slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop,
even with ABS.
Using ABS
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold
the brake pedal down firmly and
let antilock work. The antilock pump
or motor might be heard operating,
and the brake pedal might be
felt to pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
ABS allows the driver to steer and
brake at the same time. In many
emergencies, steering can help more
than even the very best braking.
Driving and Operating
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the
brake pedal down and pull up on the
parking brake lever. If the ignition is
on, the brake system warning light
will come on.
press the release button. Hold the
release button in as you move the
lever all the way down.
Notice: Driving with the parking
brake on can overheat the brake
system and cause premature wear
or damage to brake system parts.
Make sure that the parking brake
is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer, see
Driving Characteristics and Towing
Tips on page 8-44.
8-33
Ride Control Systems
Traction Control
System (TCS)
Your vehicle has a traction control
system that limits wheel spin. This is
especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates
only if it senses that one or both of
the drive wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this
happens, the system works the front
brakes and reduces engine power to
limit wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system
working, but this is normal. Leave the
system on during ordinary driving so
that it can operate when needed.
To release the parking brake, hold
the brake pedal down. Pull the
parking brake lever up until you can
8-34
Driving and Operating
When the ignition is turned to
ON/RUN, the system automatically
turns on. If the system has been
turned off, it will automatically turn on
at 55 km/h (35 mph). TCS cannot be
turned off above 55 km/h (35 mph).
g is located to the left of the steering
wheel below the instrument panel
cluster.
This light should come on briefly
when the engine is started.
The traction control system warning
light flashes and an alarm will sound
intermittently when the system is
limiting wheel spin.
When getting the vehicle out of mud
or newly fallen snow, turn off the
traction control system. The system
that controls engine performance
interferes with the process of freeing
the front wheels. To turn off traction
control, press and release g. The
traction control system warning light
will come on. To turn the traction
control system back on, press g
again or increase vehicle speed and
the system will automatically turn
back on. The traction control system
warning light will go off. See Traction
Control System (TCS) Warning Light
on page 4-19 for more information.
To turn off both the traction control
system and StabiliTrak, press and
hold g while the vehicle is stopped.
The traction control system warning
light and the VSC OFF light will come
on. To turn the systems back on,
press g again. If both systems are
turned off, they will not turn back on
automatically when vehicle speed
increases.
If the VSC OFF light flashes, there
is a problem in the traction control
system or StabiliTrak.
Adding non-GM accessories can
affect your vehicle’s performance.
See Accessories and Modifications
on page 9-3 for more information.
Driving and Operating
8-35
StabiliTrak System
The vehicle has the StabiliTrak
system which combines antilock
brake, traction and stability control
systems. This system automatically
controls the brakes and engine to
help prevent the vehicle from
skidding when cornering on a
slippery road surface or turning
the steering wheel abruptly.
This system activates when the
vehicle speed reaches or exceeds
15 km/h (9 mph), and deactivates
when the vehicle speed reduces to
below 15 km/h (9 mph).
A sound may be heard in the engine
compartment for a few seconds
when the engine is started or just
after the vehicle begins to move.
This means that the system is in
the self-check mode, but does not
indicate a problem.
If the vehicle is going to skid during
driving, the traction control system
warning light flashes and an alarm
sounds intermittently. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
The traction control system warning
light and the VSC OFF light will come
on. To turn the systems back on,
press g again. If both systems are
turned off, they will not turn back on
automatically when vehicle speed
increases.
If the VSC OFF light flashes, there
is a problem in the traction control
system or StabiliTrak.
To turn off both the traction control
system and StabiliTrak, press and
hold g while the vehicle is stopped.
8-36
Driving and Operating
Cruise Control
Cruise control, lets a speed of
25 mph (40 km/h) or more be
maintained without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. Cruise control
does not work at speeds below
25 mph (40 km/h).
{ CAUTION
Cruise control can be dangerous
where you cannot drive safely at
a steady speed. So, do not use
the cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
For vehicles with cruise control, the
lever is located on the right side
of the steering wheel.
Cruise control can be dangerous
on slippery roads. On such roads,
fast changes in tire traction can
cause excessive wheel slip, and
you could lose control. Do not use
cruise control on slippery roads.
Setting Cruise Control
{ CAUTION
If you leave your cruise control on
when you are not using cruise,
you might hit a button and go into
cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even
lose control. Keep the cruise
control switch off until you want to
use cruise control.
1. Press the ON-OFF button at the
end of the lever. The CRUISE
light on the instrument panel
cluster comes on. See Cruise
Control Light on page 4-21.
2. Get to the desired speed.
3. Move the lever down to −SET
and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator
pedal.
Driving and Operating
If the cruise control indicator light
flashes, press the ON-OFF button
once to deactivate the system,
and then press the button back on.
If the cruise control speed cannot
be set or the cruise control cancels
immediately after being activated,
there may be a problem with the
cruise control system. See your
dealer/retailer.
Resuming a Set Speed
If the brakes are applied after the
cruise control is set, the cruise
control is turned off.
If the vehicle speed is 25 mph
(40 km/h) or greater, push the lever
up to +RES (Resume/Accelerate) to
return to the previously set speed.
8-37
Increasing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
Reducing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
There are three ways to increase
the vehicle speed:
There are two ways to reduce the
vehicle speed while using cruise
control:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get
to the higher speed. Move the
lever down to −SET. Release the
lever and the accelerator pedal.
• Move the cruise lever up to +RES.
Hold it there until the desired
speed is reached, and then
release the lever.
• To increase the vehicle speed in
very small amounts, move the
lever to +RES briefly and then
release it. Each time this is done,
the vehicle goes about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) faster.
• Push and hold the lever to −SET
until the desired lower speed is
reached, then release it.
• To slow down in very small
amounts, push the lever down
briefly. Each time this is done,
the vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While
Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to
increase the vehicle speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, the
vehicle slows down to the cruise
control speed set earlier.
8-38
Driving and Operating
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Ending Cruise Control
The cruise control performance will
vary depending upon the vehicle
speed, load, and the steepness of
the hills.
There are several ways to turn off
the cruise control:
When going up steep hills, you might
have to step on the accelerator pedal
to maintain the vehicle speed.
When going downhill, you might
have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep the vehicle speed down.
Applying the brake or downshifting
to 2 SECOND or L LOW turns
off the cruise control.
• Step on the brake pedal or push
the clutch pedal, if the vehicle
has a manual transmission.
• Press the ON-OFF button.
• Pull the cruise control lever
toward you.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory
is erased when the cruise control or
the ignition is turned off.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel
is an important part of the proper
maintenance of this vehicle. To help
keep the engine clean and maintain
optimum vehicle performance, we
recommend the use of gasoline
advertised as TOP TIER Detergent
Gasoline.
Look for the TOP TIER label on the
fuel pump to ensure gasoline meets
enhanced detergency standards
developed by auto companies. A list
of marketers providing TOP TIER
Detergent Gasoline can be found at
www.toptiergas.com.
Driving and Operating
Recommended Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a
posted octane rating of 87 or higher.
If the octane rating is less than 87,
you might notice an audible knocking
noise when you drive, commonly
referred to as spark knock. If this
occurs, use a gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher as soon as
possible. If you are using gasoline
rated at 87 octane or higher and you
hear heavy knocking, the engine
needs service.
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should
meet ASTM specification D 4814
in the United States or CAN/
CGSB-3.5 or 3.511 in Canada.
Some gasolines contain an
octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT). We recommend
against the use of gasolines
containing MMT. See Fuel Additives
on page 8-40 for additional
information.
8-39
California Fuel
Requirements
If the vehicle is certified to meet
California Emissions Standards, it is
designed to operate on fuels that
meet California specifications.
See the underhood emission control
label. If this fuel is not available in
states adopting California emissions
standards, the vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control
system performance might be
affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp could turn on and the vehicle
might fail a smog-check test.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 4-14. If this occurs, return to
your authorized dealer/retailer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the
condition is caused by the type of
fuel used, repairs might not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
8-40
Driving and Operating
Fuels in Foreign
Countries
If you plan on driving in another
country outside the United States
or Canada, the proper fuel might
be hard to find. Never use leaded
gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text
on fuel. Costly repairs caused by
use of improper fuel would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an
auto club, or contact a major oil
company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Fuel Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines
in the United States are now required
to contain additives that help prevent
engine and fuel system deposits
from forming, allowing the emission
control system to work properly.
In most cases, you should not have
to add anything to the fuel. However,
some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required
to meet U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency regulations.
To help keep fuel injectors and
intake valves clean, or if the vehicle
experiences problems due to dirty
injectors or valves, look for gasoline
that is advertised as TOP TIER
Detergent Gasoline. Look for the
TOP TIER label on the fuel pump to
ensure gasoline meets enhanced
detergency standards developed
by the auto companies. A list of
marketers providing TOP TIER
Detergent Gasoline can be found
at www.toptiergas.com.
For customers who do not use
TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline
regularly, one bottle of GM Fuel
System Treatment PLUS, added to
the fuel tank at every engine oil
change, can help clean deposits
from fuel injectors and intake valves.
GM Fuel System Treatment
PLUS is the only gasoline additive
recommended by General Motors.
It is available at your dealer/retailer.
Gasolines containing oxygenates,
such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines might be
available in your area. We
recommend that you use these
gasolines, if they comply with the
specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and
other fuels containing more than
10% ethanol must not be used in
vehicles that were not designed for
those fuels.
Driving and Operating
Notice: This vehicle was not
designed for fuel that contains
methanol. Do not use fuel
containing methanol. It can
corrode metal parts in the fuel
system and also damage plastic
and rubber parts. That damage
would not be covered under the
vehicle warranty.
Some gasolines that are
not reformulated for low
emissions can contain an
octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant
where you buy gasoline whether the
fuel contains MMT. We recommend
against the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce
the life of spark plugs and the
performance of the emission
control system could be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp might
turn on. If this occurs, return to your
dealer/retailer for service.
8-41
Filling the Tank
{ CAUTION
Fuel vapor burns violently and a
fuel fire can cause bad injuries.
To help avoid injuries to you and
others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island.
Turn off the engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are
near fuel or refueling the vehicle.
Do not use cellular phones. Keep
sparks, flames, and smoking
materials away from fuel. Do not
leave the fuel pump unattended
when refueling the vehicle. This is
against the law in some places.
Do not re-enter the vehicle while
pumping fuel. Keep children away
from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
The fuel door release lever is near
the floor under the driver seat on the
outboard side.
8-42
Driving and Operating
{ CAUTION
Fuel can spray out on you if
you open the fuel cap too quickly.
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly
burned. This spray can happen if
the tank is nearly full, and is more
likely in hot weather. Open the fuel
cap slowly and wait for any hiss
noise to stop. Then unscrew the
cap all the way.
The tethered fuel cap is located
behind a hinged fuel door on
the driver side of the vehicle.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly
counterclockwise. On some vehicles
you may have to push in while
turning the cap.
While refueling, hang the fuel cap
inside of the fuel door.
When reinstalling the cap, turn it
clockwise until it clicks, otherwise
the Malfunction Indicator Lamp may
turn on. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 4-14.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not
top off or overfill the tank and wait a
few seconds after you have finished
pumping before removing the nozzle.
Clean fuel from painted surfaces as
soon as possible. See Exterior Care
on page 9-75.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn
it clockwise until it clicks. Make
sure the cap is fully installed.
The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp
on page 4-14.
{ CAUTION
If a fire starts while you are
refueling, do not remove the
nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel
by shutting off the pump or by
notifying the station attendant.
Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel
cap, be sure to get the right type.
Your dealer/retailer can get one for
you. If you get the wrong type, it
may not fit properly. This may
cause the malfunction indicator
lamp to light and may damage the
fuel tank and emissions system.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp
on page 4-14.
Driving and Operating
Filling a Portable Fuel
Container
{ CAUTION
Never fill a portable fuel container
while it is in the vehicle. Static
electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the fuel vapor.
You can be badly burned and the
vehicle damaged if this occurs. To
help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense fuel only into
approved containers.
• Do not fill a container while
it is inside a vehicle, in a
vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed, or
on any surface other than the
ground.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact
•
•
with the inside of the fill
opening before operating the
nozzle. Contact should be
maintained until the filling is
complete.
Do not smoke while
pumping fuel.
Do not use a cellular phone
while pumping fuel.
8-43
Towing
General Towing
Information
Only use towing equipment that has
been designed for your vehicle.
Contact your dealer/retailer or towing
retailer for assistance with preparing
the vehicle for towing a trailer.
See the following trailer towing
information in this section:
• For information on driving while
towing a trailer, see Driving
Characteristics and Towing Tips.
• For maximum vehicle and trailer
weights, see Trailer Towing.
• For information on equipment to
tow a trailer, see Towing
Equipment.
For information on towing a disabled
vehicle, see Towing the Vehicle
on page 9-73. For information on
towing the vehicle behind another
vehicle — such as a motorhome, see
Recreational Vehicle Towing on
page 9-73.
8-44
Driving and Operating
Driving Characteristics
and Towing Tips
{ CAUTION
The driver can lose control when
pulling a trailer if the correct
equipment is not used or the
vehicle is not driven properly.
For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work
well — or even at all. The driver
and passengers could be seriously
injured. The vehicle may also be
damaged; the resulting repairs
would not be covered by the
vehicle warranty. Pull a trailer only
if all the steps in this section have
been followed. Ask your dealer/
retailer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with the
vehicle.
The vehicle can tow a trailer if it is
equipped with the proper trailer
towing equipment. To identify the
trailering capacity of the vehicle, see
Trailer Towing on page 8-48.
Trailering is different than just driving
the vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, acceleration,
braking, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
The following information has many
time-tested, important trailering tips
and safety rules. Many of these are
important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this
section carefully before pulling a
trailer.
Load-pulling components such as
the engine, transmission, wheel
assemblies and tires are forced to
work harder against the drag of
the added weight. The engine
is required to operate at relatively
higher speeds and under greater
loads, generating extra heat.
Also, the trailer adds considerably
to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
Pulling A Trailer
Here are some important points:
• There are many different laws,
including speed limit restrictions,
having to do with trailering. Make
sure the rig will be legal, not only
where you live but also where you
will be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or
provincial police.
• Do not tow a trailer at all during
the first 1 600 km (1,000 miles)
the new vehicle is driven.
The engine, axle or other
parts could be damaged.
• Then, during the first 800 km
(500 miles) that a trailer is towed,
do not drive over 80 km/h
(50 mph) and do not make starts
at full throttle. This helps the
engine and other parts of the
vehicle wear in at the heavier
loads.
Driving and Operating
• Vehicles with an automatic
transmission can tow in D (Drive).
Shift the transmission to a lower
gear if the transmission shifts too
often under heavy loads and/or
hilly conditions. For vehicles with
a manual transmission, it is better
not to use the highest gear.
• Use the Sport Shift mode and the
cruise control when towing.
• Obey speed limit restrictions
when towing a trailer. Do not drive
faster than the maximum posted
speed for trailers, or no more than
90 km/h (55 mph), to save wear
on the vehicle’s parts.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain
amount of experience. Get to know
the rig before setting out for the open
road. Get acquainted with the feel of
handling and braking with the added
weight of the trailer. And always keep
in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now longer and not as
responsive as the vehicle is by itself.
Before starting, check all trailer
hitch parts and attachments, safety
chains, electrical connectors, lamps,
tires and mirror adjustments. If the
trailer has electric brakes, start the
vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by
hand to be sure the brakes are
working. This checks the electrical
connection at the same time.
8-45
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the
vehicle ahead as you would when
driving the vehicle without a trailer.
This can help to avoid situations that
require heavy braking and sudden
turns.
Passing
During the trip, check occasionally
to be sure that the load is secure,
and that the lamps and any
trailer brakes are still working.
More passing distance is needed
when towing a trailer. Because the
rig is longer, it is necessary to go
much farther beyond the passed
vehicle before returning to the lane.
Towing with StabiliTrak
Backing Up
When towing, the sound of the
StabiliTrak modulator might
be heard. StabiliTrak is reacting to
the vehicle movement caused
by the trailer, which mainly occurs
during cornering. This is normal
when towing heavier trailers.
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel
with one hand. Then, to move the
trailer to the left, move that hand to
the left. To move the trailer to the
right, move your hand to the right.
Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
8-46
Driving and Operating
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns
while trailering could cause the
trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. The vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very
sharp turns while trailering.
When turning with a trailer, make
wider turns than normal. Do this so
the trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden
maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a
Trailer
The arrows on the instrument panel
flash whenever signaling a turn or
lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps also flash, telling
other drivers the vehicle is turning,
changing lanes or stopping.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on
the instrument panel flash for turns
even if the bulbs on the trailer are
burned out. For this reason you may
think other drivers are seeing the
signal when they are not. It is
important to check occasionally to be
sure the trailer bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower
gear before starting down a long or
steep downgrade. If the transmission
is not shifted down, the brakes
might have to be used so much that
they would get hot and no longer
work well.
Vehicles with an automatic
transmission can tow in D (Drive).
Shift the transmission to a lower gear
if the transmission shifts too often
under heavy loads and/or hilly
conditions. For vehicles with a
manual transmission, it is better
not to use the highest gear.
When towing at high altitude on
steep uphill grades, consider the
following: Engine coolant will boil at a
lower temperature than at normal
altitudes. If the engine is turned off
immediately after towing at high
altitude on steep uphill grades, the
vehicle may show signs similar to
engine overheating. To avoid this,
let the engine run while parked,
preferably on level ground, with the
automatic transmission in P (Park)
for a few minutes before turning the
engine off. For vehicles with manual
transmissions, let the engine run
while parked, preferably on level
ground, with the transmission out of
gear and the parking brake applied,
for a few minutes before turning the
engine off. If the overheat warning
comes on, see Engine Overheating
on page 9-23.
Driving and Operating
Parking on Hills
{ CAUTION
Parking the vehicle on a hill with
the trailer attached can be
dangerous. If something goes
wrong, the rig could start to move.
People can be injured, and both
the vehicle and the trailer can be
damaged. When possible, always
park the rig on a flat surface.
If parking the rig on a hill:
1. Press the brake pedal, but do not
shift into P (Park) yet for vehicles
with an automatic transmission,
or into gear for vehicles with a
manual transmission. Turn the
wheels into the curb if facing
downhill or into traffic if facing
uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks
under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in
place, release the brake pedal
until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the brake pedal.
Then apply the parking brake and
shift into P (Park) for vehicles
with an automatic transmission
or into gear for vehicles with
a manual transmission.
5. Release the brake pedal.
Leaving After Parking on
a Hill
1. Apply and hold the brake pedal
while you:
• start the engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is
clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up
and store the chocks.
8-47
Maintenance When Trailer
Towing
The vehicle needs service more
often when pulling a trailer. See this
manual’s Maintenance Schedule or
Index for more information. Things
that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission
fluid, engine oil, axle lubricant, belts,
cooling system and brake system.
It is a good idea to inspect these
before and during the trip.
Check periodically to see that all
hitch nuts and bolts are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer
Towing
The cooling system may temporarily
overheat during severe operating
conditions. See Engine Overheating
on page 9-23.
8-48
Driving and Operating
Trailer Towing
Before pulling a trailer, there are
three important considerations that
have to do with weight:
• The weight of the trailer.
• The weight of the trailer tongue.
• The total weight on your
vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than
680 kg (1,500 lbs). But even
that can be too heavy.
It depends on how the rig is used.
For example, speed, altitude, road
grades, outside temperature and
how much the vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. It can
depend on any special equipment
on the vehicle, and the amount of
tongue weight the vehicle can carry.
See “Weight of the Trailer Tongue”
later in this section for more
information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated
assuming only the driver is in the tow
vehicle and it has all the required
trailering equipment. The weight of
additional optional equipment,
passengers and cargo in the tow
vehicle must be subtracted from the
maximum trailer weight.
Ask your dealer/retailer for our
trailering information or advice, or
you can write us at our Customer
Assistance Offices. See Customer
Assistance Offices on page 12-3
for more information.
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is
an important weight to measure
because it affects the total gross
weight of the vehicle. The Gross
Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes
the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo carried in it, and the people
who will be riding in the vehicle. If
there are a lot of options, equipment,
passengers or cargo in the vehicle, it
will reduce the tongue weight the
vehicle can carry, which will also
reduce the trailer weight the vehicle
can tow. If towing a trailer, the
tongue load must be added to the
GVW because the vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See Vehicle
Load Limits on page 8-12 for more
information about the vehicle’s
maximum load capacity.
Driving and Operating
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s
Tires
Be sure the vehicle’s tires are
inflated to the upper limit for cold
tires. These numbers can be found
on the Tire-Loading Information
label. See Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12. Make sure not to go over
the GVW limit for the vehicle,
including the weight of the trailer
tongue.
The trailer tongue (A) should weigh
10 to 15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B).
After loading the trailer, weigh
the trailer and then the tongue,
separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, adjustments
might be made by moving some
items around in the trailer.
Towing Equipment
Hitches
It is important to have the correct
hitch equipment. Crosswinds, large
trucks going by and rough roads are
a few reasons why the right hitch is
needed.
• The rear bumper on the vehicle is
not intended for hitches. Do not
attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use
only a frame-mounted hitch that
does not attach to the bumper.
8-49
• Will any holes be made in the
body of the vehicle when the
trailer hitch is installed? If there
are, then be sure to seal the holes
later when the hitch is removed.
If the holes are not sealed, dirt,
water, and deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from the exhaust
can get into the vehicle. See
Engine Exhaust on page 8-23.
Safety Chains
Always attach chains between the
vehicle and the trailer. Cross the
safety chains under the tongue of the
trailer to help prevent the tongue
from contacting the road if it
becomes separated from the hitch.
Always leave just enough slack so
the rig can turn. Never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
8-50
Driving and Operating
Trailer Brakes
Does the trailer have its own
brakes? Be sure to read and follow
the instructions for the trailer
brakes so they are installed,
adjusted and maintained properly.
Because the vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, do not tap into the vehicle’s
brake system. If you do, both brake
systems will not work well, or at all.
Trailer Wiring Harness
All of the electrical circuits required
for the trailer lighting system can be
accessed at the driver’s side rear
lamp connector. This connector is
located under the carpet at the rear
corner of the cargo compartment.
Conversions and
Add-Ons
Add-on equipment can drain the
vehicle battery, even if the vehicle is
not operating.
Add-On Electrical
Equipment
The vehicle has an airbag system.
Before attempting to add anything
electrical to the vehicle, see
Servicing the Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 2-34.
Notice: Do not add anything
electrical to the vehicle unless you
check with your dealer/retailer
first. Some electrical equipment
can damage the vehicle and the
damage would not be covered by
the vehicle’s warranty. Some
add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from
working as they should.
Vehicle Care
Vehicle Care
General Information
General Information ...............9-2
California Proposition
65 Warning .........................9-2
California Perchlorate
Materials Requirements ........9-3
Accessories and
Modifications .......................9-3
Vehicle Checks
Doing Your Own
Service Work ......................9-4
Hood ...................................9-5
Engine Compartment
Overview ............................9-6
Engine Oil ............................9-9
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ................................9-12
Manual Transmission Fluid ....9-14
Hydraulic Clutch ..................9-15
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter .......9-16
Cooling System ...................9-19
Engine Coolant ...................9-19
Engine Overheating .............9-23
Power Steering Fluid ............9-24
Washer Fluid ......................9-24
Brakes ...............................9-26
Brake Fluid .........................9-27
Battery ...............................9-28
All-Wheel Drive ...................9-29
Starter Switch Check ............9-30
Wiper Blade Replacement .....9-30
Headlamp Aiming
Headlamp Aiming ................9-32
Bulb Replacement
Bulb Replacement ...............9-33
Halogen Bulbs ....................9-33
Headlamps and Parking
Lamps ..............................9-33
Taillamps ............................9-35
License Plate Lamp .............9-36
Replacement Bulbs ..............9-37
Electrical System
Electrical System Overload ....9-37
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...9-38
Engine Compartment Fuse
Block ...............................9-38
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block ...............................9-41
Wheels and Tires
9-1
Tires ..................................9-43
Tire Sidewall Labeling ..........9-44
Tire Designations .................9-46
Tire Terminology and
Definitions .........................9-46
Tire Pressure ......................9-49
Tire Pressure Monitor
System .............................9-50
Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation ..........................9-52
Tire Inspection ....................9-54
Tire Rotation .......................9-55
When It Is Time for New
Tires ................................9-56
Buying New Tires ................9-56
Different Size Tires and
Wheels .............................9-58
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading ............................9-58
Wheel Alignment and Tire
Balance ............................9-60
Wheel Replacement .............9-60
Tire Chains .........................9-61
If a Tire Goes Flat ...............9-62
Tire Changing .....................9-63
Compact Spare Tire .............9-68
9-2
Vehicle Care
Jump Starting
Jump Starting .....................9-69
Towing
Towing the Vehicle ..............9-73
Recreational Vehicle
Towing .............................9-73
Appearance Care
Exterior Care ......................9-75
Interior Care .......................9-80
Floor Mats ..........................9-83
General Information
For service and parts needs, visit
your dealer/retailer. You will receive
genuine GM parts and GM-trained
and supported service people.
Genuine GM parts have one of
these marks:
California Proposition
65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this
one, contain and/or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects
or other reproductive harm. Engine
exhaust, many parts and systems
(including some inside the vehicle),
many fluids, and some component
wear by-products contain and/or emit
these chemicals.
Vehicle Care
California Perchlorate
Materials Requirements
Accessories and
Modifications
Certain types of automotive
applications, such as airbag
initiators, seat belt pretensioners,
and lithium batteries contained
in remote keyless transmitters,
may contain perchlorate materials.
Special handling may be necessary.
For additional information, see
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/
perchlorate.
When non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories are added to the vehicle,
they can affect vehicle performance
and safety, including such things
as airbags, braking, stability, ride
and handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and
electronic systems like antilock
brakes, traction control, and stability
control. Some of these accessories
could even cause malfunction or
damage not covered by the vehicle
warranty.
9-3
Damage to vehicle components
resulting from the installation or use
of non-GM certified parts, including
control module modifications, are
not covered under the terms of the
vehicle warranty and may affect
remaining warranty coverage for
affected parts.
GM Accessories are designed
to complement and function with
other systems on the vehicle.
Your GM dealer/retailer can
accessorize the vehicle using
genuine GM Accessories.
9-4
Vehicle Care
When you go to your GM dealer/
retailer and ask for GM Accessories,
you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will
perform the work using genuine GM
Accessories.
Also, see Adding Equipment to
the Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
on page 2-35.
Vehicle Checks
Doing Your Own
Service Work
CAUTION
(Continued)
• Be sure to use the proper
{ CAUTION
You can be injured and the
vehicle could be damaged if you
try to do service work on a vehicle
without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient
knowledge, experience, the
proper replacement parts, and
tools before attempting any
vehicle maintenance task.
(Continued)
nuts, bolts, and other
fasteners. English and
metric fasteners can be
easily confused. If the wrong
fasteners are used, parts
can later break or fall off.
You could be hurt.
If doing some of your own service
work, use the proper service
manual. It tells you much more
about how to service the vehicle
than this manual can. To order
the proper service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering
Information on page 12-12.
Vehicle Care
This vehicle has an airbag system.
Before attempting to do your
own service work, see Airbag
System Check on page 2-36.
Hood
To open the hood:
9-5
2. From the front of the vehicle,
pull up on the secondary
hood release located near
the middle of the hood.
3. Lift the hood.
Keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date
of any service work performed.
See Maintenance Records on
page 10-18.
4. Release the hood prop rod from
its retainer and insert into the slot,
moving it straight up. If it is moved
to the side or toward the inside
of the vehicle, it may become
detached.
1. Pull the release handle, located
below the instrument panel to
the left of the steering wheel.
Before closing the hood, be sure
all the filler caps are on properly.
Return the hood prop rod carefully
back to its retainer to avoid
damaging the vehicle.
9-6
Vehicle Care
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 1.8L L4 engine, this is what you see.
Vehicle Care
A. Engine Oil Dipstick. See
″Checking Engine Oil″ under
Engine Oil on page 9-9.
B. Engine Coolant on page 9-19.
C. Washer Fluid on page 9-24.
D. Coolant Recovery Tank.
See Engine Coolant on
page 9-19.
E. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When
to Add Engine Oil” under Engine
Oil on page 9-9.
F. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 9-16.
G. Brakes on page 9-26 and
Hydraulic Clutch on page 9-15
(If Equipped).
H. Engine Compartment Fuse
Block.
I. Battery on page 9-28.
J. Remote Positive (+) Terminal.
See Jump Starting.
K. Automatic Transmission Fluid
Dipstick. See ″Checking the
Fluid Level″ under Automatic
Transmission Fluid on page 9-12
(If Equipped) (Out of View).
9-7
9-8
Vehicle Care
When you open the hood on the 2.4L L4 engine, this is what you see.
Vehicle Care
A. Engine Oil Dipstick. See
“Checking Engine Oil” under
Engine Oil on page 9-9.
B. Engine Coolant on page 9-19.
C. Washer Fluid on page 9-24.
D. Coolant Recovery Tank.
See Engine Coolant on
page 9-19.
E. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When
to Add Engine Oil” under Engine
Oil on page 9-9.
F. Brakes on page 9-26 and
Hydraulic Clutch on page 9-15
(If Equipped).
G. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 9-16.
H. Engine Compartment Fuse
Block.
I. Battery on page 9-28.
J. Remote Positive (+) Terminal.
See Jump Starting.
K. Automatic Transmission Fluid
Dipstick. See ″Checking the
Fluid Level″ under Automatic
Transmission Fluid on page 9-12
(If Equipped) (Out of View).
9-9
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check the
engine oil level at each fuel fill.
In order to get an accurate reading,
the oil must be warm and the
vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle
is a yellow loop. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 9-6
for the location of the engine oil
dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the
oil several minutes to drain back
into the oil pan. If this is not done,
the oil dipstick might not show the
actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean
it with a paper towel or cloth,
then push it back in all the way.
Remove it again, keeping the tip
down, and check the level.
9-10
Vehicle Care
When to Add Engine Oil
Notice: Do not add too much oil.
If the engine has so much oil that
the oil level gets above the upper
hole, the engine could be
damaged.
1.8L Engine
See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 9-6 for the location of
the engine oil fill cap.
2.4L Engine
If the oil is below the indent at
the tip of the dipstick, add at least
one liter/quart of the recommended
oil. This section explains what kind of
oil to use. For engine oil crankcase
capacity, see Capacities and
Specifications on page 11-2.
Add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating
range. Push the dipstick all the
way back in when through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for three things:
Vehicle Care
• GM6094M
Use only an oil that meets GM
Standard GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
SAE 5W-30 is best for the
vehicle. These numbers on an
oil container show its viscosity,
or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils such
as SAE 20W-50.
• American Petroleum Institute
(API) starburst symbol
Oils meeting these requirements
should have the starburst symbol
on the container. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Notice: Use only engine oil
identified as meeting GM Standard
GM6094M and showing the
American Petroleum Institute
Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use
the recommended oil can result
in engine damage not covered
by the vehicle warranty.
Cold Temperature Operation
If in an area of extreme cold,
where the temperature falls
below −29°C (−20°F), use either
an SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil or an
SAE 0W-30 engine oil. Both provide
easier cold starting for the engine at
extremely low temperatures. Always
use an oil that meets the required
specification, GM6094M.
9-11
Engine Oil Additives / Engine
Oil Flushes
Do not add anything to the oil.
The recommended oils with the
starburst symbol that meet GM
Standard GM6094M are all that is
needed for good performance and
engine protection.
Engine oil system flushes are not
recommended and could cause
engine damage not covered by
the vehicle warranty.
When to Change Engine Oil
Change the oil and filter every
8 000 km (5,000 miles) or
3 months, whichever occurs first.
See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 10-3.
9-12
Vehicle Care
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain
elements that can be unhealthy for
your skin and could even cause
cancer. Do not let used oil stay on
your skin for very long. Clean your
skin and nails with soap and water,
or a good hand cleaner. Wash or
properly dispose of clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the
manufacturer’s warnings about the
use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the
environment. If you change your own
oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose
of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring
it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Recycle
it by taking it to a place that collects
used oil.
Automatic Transmission
Fluid
Wait at least 30 minutes before
checking the transmission fluid level
if you have been driving:
When to Check and Change
Automatic Transmission Fluid
• When outside temperatures are
Check the fluid in the transmission
and differential at the intervals listed
in Scheduled Maintenance on
page 10-3, and be sure to use
the transmission fluid listed in
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15.
• At high speed for quite a while.
• In heavy traffic — especially
How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid
This operation can be difficult, you
may choose to have this done at the
dealer/retailer service department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to
follow all the instructions here,
or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
above 90°F (32°C).
in hot weather.
• While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid
should be at normal operating
temperature, which is 158°F to
176°F (70°C to 80°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by
driving about 15 miles (24 km)
when outside temperatures
are above 50°F (10°C). If it is
colder than 50°F (10°C), you
may have to drive longer.
Vehicle Care
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
1. Park your vehicle on a level
place. Keep the engine running.
2. With the parking brake applied,
place the shift lever in P (Park).
3. With your foot on the brake
pedal, move the shift lever
through each gear range,
pausing for about three seconds
in each range. Then, position
the shift lever in P (Park).
4. Let the engine run at idle for
three to five minutes.
9-13
Then, without shutting off the
engine, follow these steps:
The automatic transmission
dipstick has an orange handle
and is located near the front of the
engine compartment. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 9-6
for more information on location.
1. Release the tab and pull out the
dipstick and wipe it with a clean
rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait
three seconds and then pull it
back out again.
1.8L shown
3. Check both sides of the dipstick,
and read the lower level. The
fluid level must be between the
two dimples in the hot range.
4. If the fluid level is in the
acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way;
then press the tab down to lock
the dipstick in place.
9-14
Vehicle Care
How to Add Automatic
Transmission Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use.
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15.
If the fluid level is low, add only
enough of the proper fluid to bring
the level into the area between
dimples on the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel,
add enough fluid at the dipstick
hole to bring it to the proper level.
It does not take much fluid,
generally less than one pint
(0.5 L). Do not overfill.
Notice: Too much or too
little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean
that some of the fluid could come
out and fall on hot engine parts or
exhaust system parts, starting a
fire. Too little fluid could cause the
transmission to overheat. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you
check your transmission fluid.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the
fluid level as described under
“How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid,” earlier
in this section.
4. When the correct fluid level is
obtained, push the dipstick
back in all the way; then press
the tab down to lock the dipstick
in place.
Manual Transmission
Fluid
When to Check
A good time to have your manual
transmission fluid level checked
is when the engine oil is changed.
However, the fluid in your manual
transmission does not require
changing.
How to Check
This operation can be difficult, you
may choose to have this done
at your dealer/retailer service
department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to
follow all the instructions here, or
you could get a false reading.
Vehicle Care
Notice: Too much or too
little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean
that some of the fluid could come
out and fall on hot engine parts or
exhaust system parts, starting a
fire. Too little fluid could cause the
transmission to overheat. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you
check your transmission fluid.
Check the fluid level only when your
engine is off, the vehicle is parked on
a level place and the transmission
is cool enough for you to rest your
fingers on the transmission case.
Then, follow these steps:
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Check that the lubricant level is
up to the bottom of the filler
plug hole.
3. If the fluid level is good, install
the plug and be sure it is fully
seated. If the fluid level is low,
add more fluid as described in
the next steps.
How to Add Fluid
Here is how to add fluid. Refer
to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what kind of fluid to
use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 10-15.
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Add fluid at the filler plug hole.
Add only enough fluid to bring
the fluid level up to the bottom
of the filler plug hole.
3. Install the filler plug. Be sure the
plug is fully seated.
9-15
Hydraulic Clutch
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your
vehicle is self-adjusting. The master
cylinder reservoir is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid.
It is not necessary to regularly
check the fluid unless you suspect
there is a leak in the system.
Adding fluid will not correct a leak.
The hydraulic clutch and brake
master cylinder use the same
reservoir.
A fluid loss in this system could
indicate a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired.
9-16
Vehicle Care
When to Check and What
to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine how often you should
check the fluid level in your master
cylinder reservoir and for the proper
fluid. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 10-3 and Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 10-15.
How to Check and Add Fluid
Check that the fluid level is at
or above the MIN mark. If the level
is below the MIN mark, see the
instructions on the reservoir cap.
The reservoir is located at the back
of the engine compartment, on the
driver side of the vehicle. Engine
Compartment Overview on page 9-6.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
The engine air cleaner/filter is
in the engine compartment on
the driver side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 9-6 for more information
on location.
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
If you are driving in dusty/dirty
conditions, inspect the air
cleaner/filter at each engine
oil change. Replace the filter
every 30,000 miles (48 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first.
See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 10-3 for more information.
Vehicle Care
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
9-17
To inspect or replace the engine air
cleaner/filter:
To inspect the air cleaner/filter
remove the filter from the vehicle
and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter
remains caked with dirt, a new filter
is required.
2. Lift the cover.
1.8L Engine
1. Release the two clips that hold
the cover.
3. Inspect or replace the engine air
cleaner/filter.
4. Reinstall the cover.
9-18
Vehicle Care
{ CAUTION
2.4L Engine
1. Release the three clips that hold
the cover.
2. Lift the cover.
3. Inspect or replace the engine air
cleaner/filter.
4. Reinstall the cover.
Operating the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off can cause you
or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air; it
helps to stop flames if the engine
backfires. If it is not there and the
engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off,
and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter
is off, a backfire can cause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt
can easily get into the engine,
which will damage it. Always have
the air cleaner/filter in place when
you are driving.
Vehicle Care
Cooling System
When it is safe lift the hood:
{ CAUTION
An electric engine cooling fan
under the hood can start up even
when the engine is not running
and can cause injury. Keep
hands, clothing, and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{ CAUTION
A. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
B. Pressure Cap
C. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank
Heater and radiator hoses, and
other engine parts, can be very
hot. Do not touch them. If you do,
you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is
a leak. If you run the engine, it
could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you
could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
9-19
Engine Coolant
The coolant in the vehicle should
last for five years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs
first. When coolant is added
or changed, use DEX-COOL®
coolant.
The following explains the cooling
system and how to add coolant
when it is low. If there is a problem
with engine overheating, see
Engine Overheating on page 9-23.
9-20
Vehicle Care
What to Use
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL®
coolant, which will not damage
aluminum parts. If this coolant
mixture is used, nothing else
needs to be added.
{ CAUTION
Adding only plain water to the
cooling system can be dangerous.
Plain water, or some other liquid
such as alcohol, can boil before
the proper coolant mixture will.
The vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, the engine could
get too hot but would not get the
overheat warning. The engine
could catch fire and you or
others could be burned. Use a
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If an improper coolant
mixture is used, the engine could
overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Too much water in the mixture
can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and other
parts.
sooner, at 30,000 miles
(50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any
repairs would not be covered
by the vehicle warranty. Always
use DEX-COOL (silicate-free)
coolant in your vehicle.
• Gives freezing protection down to
The vehicle must be on a level
surface. When the engine is cold,
the coolant level should be at LOW,
or a little higher. When the engine
is warm, the level should be up to
FULL, or a little higher. If it is not,
there could be a leak at the pressure
cap or in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump, or
somewhere else in the cooling
system.
−34°F (− 38°C).
• Gives boiling protection up to
265°F (129°C).
• Protects against rust and
corrosion.
• Helps keep the proper engine
temperature.
• Lets the warning lights and gages
work as they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than
DEX-COOL can cause premature
engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing
Checking Coolant
See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 9-6 for the location of
the coolant recovery tank.
Vehicle Care
How to Add Coolant to the
Coolant Recovery Tank
{ CAUTION
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
{ CAUTION
If you need more coolant, add the
proper DEX-COOL® coolant mixture
at the coolant recovery tank, but
be careful not to spill it.
Occasionally check the coolant level
in the radiator. For information on
how to add coolant to the radiator,
see Cooling System on page 9-19.
Adding only plain water to your
cooling system can be dangerous.
Plain water, or some other liquid
such as alcohol, can boil before
the proper coolant mixture will.
(Continued)
CAUTION
9-21
(Continued)
Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper
coolant mixture. With plain water
or the wrong mixture, your engine
could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and
you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and a proper
coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water
can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core and other
parts. Use the recommended
coolant and the proper coolant
mixture.
9-22
Vehicle Care
How to Add Coolant to the
Radiator
When the coolant in the coolant
recovery tank is at the FULL mark,
start the vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues,
there is one more thing that can
be done. Add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator but
be sure the cooling system is
cool before you do it.
{ CAUTION
Steam and scalding liquids from a
hot cooling system can blow out
and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the
surge tank pressure cap — even a
little — they can come out at high
speed. Never turn the cap when
the cooling system, including the
surge tank pressure cap, is hot.
Wait for the cooling system and
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
surge tank pressure cap to cool
if you ever have to turn the
pressure cap.
{ CAUTION
Turning the radiator pressure cap
when the engine and radiator are
hot can allow steam and scalding
liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. With the coolant recovery
tank, you will almost never have
to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure
cap — even a little — when the
engine and radiator are hot.
1. Remove the pressure cap when
the cooling system, including the
pressure cap and upper radiator
hose, is no longer hot. Turn
the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise until it first
stops. Do not press down while
turning the pressure cap.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to
stop. A hiss means there is
still some pressure left.
2. Keep turning the pressure cap,
but now push down while turning.
Remove the pressure cap.
3. Fill the radiator with the proper
coolant mixture, up to the base
of the filler neck. For more
information about the proper
coolant mixture look earlier in
this section.
4. Then fill the coolant recovery
tank to the FULL mark.
Vehicle Care
5. Put the cap back on the coolant
recovery tank, but leave the
pressure cap off.
6. Start the engine and let it run
until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch
out for the engine cooling fan.
7. By this time, the coolant level
inside the radiator filler neck may
be lower. If the level is lower,
add more of the proper coolant
mixture through the filler neck
until the level reaches the base
of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the pressure cap.
At any time during this procedure
if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure
cap. Be sure the ears on the
pressure cap are in line with
the vent tube.
Engine Overheating
A coolant temperature gage is
located on the vehicle’s instrument
panel. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage on page 4-11.
Check to see if the electric engine
cooling fan is running. If the engine
is overheating, the fan should be
running. If it is not, the vehicle needs
service.
If no problem is apparent, but the
coolant level is not at or above the
FULL mark, add a 50/50 mixture
of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant at the coolant
recovery tank. See Engine Coolant
on page 9-19 for more information
about the proper coolant mixture.
If the coolant inside the coolant
recovery tank is boiling, do not do
anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on
a level surface.
9-23
If Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
{ CAUTION
Steam from an overheated engine
can burn you badly, even if you
just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it
off and get everyone away from
the vehicle until it cools down. Wait
until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your
engine is overheated, the liquids
in it can catch fire. You or others
could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get
out of the vehicle until the engine
is cool.
Notice: If the engine catches
fire because of being driven with
no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by the
vehicle warranty.
9-24
Vehicle Care
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine
If an engine overheat warning is
displayed but steam is not heard or
seen escaping, the problem may
not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too
hot when the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Climbs a long hill on a hot day.
Stops after high-speed driving.
Idles for long periods in traffic.
Tows a trailer.
If the overheat warning is displayed
with no sign of steam, try this for
a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle
in N (Neutral) while stopped. If it
is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to P (Park) or N (Neutral)
and let the engine idle.
2. Turn on the heater to full hot at
the highest fan speed and open
the windows as necessary.
If the overheat warning is no longer
displayed, the vehicle can be driven.
Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning does not
come back on, continue to drive.
If the warning continues, pull over,
stop, and park the vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, idle
the engine for three minutes while
the vehicle is parked. If the warning
is still displayed, turn off the engine
and get everyone out of the vehicle
until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood
but to get service help right away.
Power Steering Fluid
The vehicle has electronic power
steering and does not use power
steering fluid. If you suspect a
problem, see your dealer/retailer.
Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield
washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions
before use. If you will be operating
your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing,
use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Vehicle Care
How to Check Windshield
Washer Fluid
To check windshield washer fluid.
1. Pull dipstick out of windshield
washer reservoir.
2. Washer fluid should fill the holes
between the LOW (B) and
NORMAL (A) mark.
3. If the fluid reads LOW (B) add
fluid.
Adding Washer Fluid
9-25
• Do not mix water with
ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution
to freeze and damage your
washer fluid tank and other
parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean
as well as washer fluid.
Open the cap with the washer
symbol on it. Add washer fluid
until the holes of the dipstick
are filled between the LOW (B)
and NORMAL (A). See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 9-6 for reservoir location.
Notice:
• When using concentrated
washer fluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Fill the washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is
very cold. This allows for fluid
expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank
if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant
(antifreeze) in your windshield
washer. It can damage the
vehicle’s windshield washer
system and paint.
9-26
Vehicle Care
Brakes
This vehicle has disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear
indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed.
The sound can come and go or be
heard all the time the vehicle is
moving, except when applying the
brake pedal firmly.
{ CAUTION
The brake wear warning sound
means that soon the brakes will
not work well. That could lead to
an accident. When the brake wear
warning sound is heard, have the
vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive
with worn-out brake pads could
result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates
can cause a brake squeal when
the brakes are first applied or
lightly applied. This does not mean
something is wrong with the brakes.
Brake Adjustment
Properly torqued wheel nuts are
necessary to help prevent brake
pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and
evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to torque
specifications in Capacities and
Specifications on page 11-2.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Brake linings should always be
replaced as complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer/retailer if the brake
pedal does not return to normal
height, or if there is a rapid increase
in pedal travel. This could be a sign
that brake service might be required.
Every time the brakes are applied,
with or without the vehicle moving,
the brakes adjust for wear.
The braking system on a vehicle is
complex. Its many parts have to be
of top quality and work well together
if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. The vehicle was designed
and tested with top-quality brake
parts. When parts of the braking
system are replaced, be sure to get
new, approved replacement parts.
If this is not done, the brakes might
not work properly. For example,
installing disc brake pads that are
wrong for the vehicle, can change
the balance between the front and
rear brakes — for the worse. The
braking performance expected can
change in many other ways if the
wrong replacement brake parts are
installed.
Vehicle Care
Brake Fluid
There are only two reasons why the
brake fluid level in the reservoir
might go down:
9-27
Add or remove brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done
on the brake/clutch hydraulic system.
• The brake fluid level goes down
because of normal brake lining
wear. When new linings are
installed, the fluid level goes
back up.
The brake master cylinder and, on
manual transmission vehicles, the
clutch hydraulic system use the
same reservoir. The reservoir is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid as indicated
on the reservoir cap. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 9-6
for the location of the reservoir.
• A fluid leak in the brake and/or
clutch hydraulic system can also
cause a low fluid level. Have the
brake and/or clutch hydraulic
system fixed, since a leak means
that sooner or later the brakes
and/or clutch will not work well.
Do not top off the brake/clutch fluid.
Adding fluid does not correct a leak.
If fluid is added when the linings are
worn, there will be too much fluid
when new brake linings are installed.
{ CAUTION
If too much brake fluid is added,
it can spill on the engine and burn,
if the engine is hot enough. You
or others could be burned, and
the vehicle could be damaged.
Add brake fluid only when work
is done on the brake hydraulic
system.
When the brake fluid falls to a low
level, the brake warning light comes
on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 4-17.
9-28
Vehicle Care
What to Add
Notice:
Battery
Use only new DOT-3 brake
fluid from a sealed container.
See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15.
• Using the wrong fluid can
This vehicle has a maintenance
free battery. When it is time for a
new battery, see your dealer/retailer
for one that has the replacement
number shown on the original
battery’s label. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 9-6 for battery location.
Always clean the brake fluid
reservoir cap and the area around
the cap before removing it. This
helps keep dirt from entering the
reservoir.
{ CAUTION
With the wrong kind of fluid in the
brake or clutch hydraulic system,
the brakes or clutch might not
work well. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper
brake fluid.
badly damage brake or clutch
hydraulic system parts.
For example, just a few drops
of mineral-based oil, such as
engine oil, in the brake or clutch
hydraulic system can damage
brake or clutch hydraulic
system parts so badly that they
will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong
kind of fluid.
• If brake fluid is spilled on the
vehicle’s painted surfaces, the
paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on the vehicle. If you do,
wash it off immediately.
{ WARNING
Battery posts, terminals, and
related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive
harm. Wash hands after handling.
Vehicle Care
Vehicle Storage
{ CAUTION
Batteries have acid that can burn
you and gas that can explode.
You can be badly hurt if you are
not careful. See Jump Starting
on page 9-69 for tips on working
around a battery without
getting hurt.
Infrequent Usage: If the vehicle
is driven infrequently, remove the
black, negative (−) cable from the
battery. This helps keep the battery
from running down.
Extended Storage: For extended
storage of the vehicle, remove the
black, negative (−) cable from the
battery or use a battery trickle
charger. This helps maintain the
charge of the battery over an
extended period of time.
All-Wheel Drive
If you have an all-wheel-drive
vehicle, be sure to perform the
lubricant checks described in this
section.
Transfer Case
(Power Transfer Unit)
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine how often to check
the lubricant. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 10-3.
9-29
Carrier Assembly-Differential
(Rear Drive Module)
When to Check and Change
Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine how often to check the
lubricant and when to change it.
See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 10-3.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the
vehicle should be on a level surface.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the
vehicle should be on a level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of
the filler plug hole, you’ll need to add
some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the
filler plug hole.
If the level is below the bottom of
the filler plug hole, you’ll need to add
some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the
filler plug hole. A fluid loss could
indicate a problem; check and have
it repaired, if needed.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what kind of lubricant to
use. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what kind of lubricant to
use. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15.
What to Use
9-30
Vehicle Care
Starter Switch Check
{ CAUTION
When you are doing this
inspection, the vehicle could move
suddenly. If the vehicle moves,
you or others could be injured.
1. Before starting this check, be
sure there is enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking
brake and the regular brake.
See Parking Brake on page 8-33.
Do not use the accelerator
pedal, and be ready to turn off
the engine immediately if it starts.
3. For automatic transmission
vehicles, try to start the engine
in each gear. The vehicle
should start only in P (Park) or
N (Neutral). If the vehicle starts
in any other position, contact
your dealer/retailer for service.
For manual transmission
vehicles, put the shift lever in
Neutral, push the clutch pedal
down halfway, and try to start the
engine. The vehicle should start
only when the clutch pedal is
pushed down all the way to the
floor. If the vehicle starts when
the clutch pedal is not pushed
all the way down, contact your
dealer/retailer for service.
Wiper Blade
Replacement
Front Windshield Wiper
Windshield wiper blades should
be inspected at least twice a year
for wear or cracking.
Replacement blades come in
different types and are removed
in different ways. To remove
the wiper blade:
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm
away from the windshield.
Vehicle Care
9-31
Rear Windshield Wiper
2. Push the release lever and slide
the wiper assembly toward the
driver side of the vehicle.
3. Slide the new wiper assembly
into place.
4. Push the release lever down to
lock into place.
1. Disengage the two pins and
disconnect the rear wiper arm by
pulling them up.
9-32
Vehicle Care
Headlamp Aiming
Headlamp aim has been preset at
the factory and should need no
further adjustment.
However, if your vehicle is damaged
in a crash, the headlamp aim may
be affected. Aim adjustment to the
low-beam headlamps may be
necessary if oncoming drivers flash
their high-beam headlamps at you
(for vertical aim).
2. Raise the wiper arm until it
comes off.
You will hear a clicking sound
when the arm comes off.
3. Push the rear wiper assembly
straight into the rear wiper arm.
4. Reengage the two pins to the
rear wiper arm by pushing
them down.
If the headlamps need to be
re-aimed, it is recommended that
you take the vehicle to your
dealer/retailer for service.
Vehicle Care
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement
bulbs, see Replacement Bulbs
on page 9-37.
Headlamps and Parking
Lamps
9-33
High-beam and Low-beam
Headlamps
To replace the High-beam or
Low-beam Headlamp:
1. Open the hood. See Hood on
page 9-5.
For any bulb changing procedure
not listed in this section, contact
your dealer/retailer.
Halogen Bulbs
{ CAUTION
Halogen bulbs have pressurized
gas inside and can burst if you
drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure
to read and follow the instructions
on the bulb package.
A. High-beam Headlamp
B. Turn Signal Lamp/Parking Lamp
C. Low-beam Headlamp
2. Turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise and pull it out
of the headlamp assembly.
9-34
Vehicle Care
Front Turn Signal Lamp and
Parking Lamp
To replace the Front Turn Signal
Lamp or Parking Lamp:
1. Open the hood. See Hood on
page 9-5.
3. Unplug the connector while
pressing down on the release tab.
3. Pull the old bulb straight out of
the bulb socket.
4. Pull the old bulb straight out.
4. Push the new bulb straight in
until it clicks.
5. Push the new bulb straight
in until it clicks.
6. Push the bulb socket into the
headlamp assembly and turn
it clockwise to secure it in
its original location.
2. Turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise and pull
it out of the lamp assembly.
5. Push the bulb socket into
the lamp assembly and turn
clockwise to secure it in its
original location.
Vehicle Care
Taillamps
9-35
To replace one of these lamps:
1. Open the liftgate.
Driver Side
A. Turn Signal Lamp
B. Stoplamp/Sidemarker
Lamp/Taillamp
C. Back-up Lamp
Passenger Side
2. Remove the storage
compartment cover in the
rear cargo area of the vehicle
to access the bulbs.
3. Turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise and pull it out.
9-36
Vehicle Care
License Plate Lamp
To replace the license plate
lamp bulb:
4. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket.
5. Push the new bulb straight in
until it clicks to secure.
6. Push the bulb socket in and turn
it clockwise to secure.
7. Reinstall the cover.
2. Turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise to remove it
from the license plate assembly.
1. Press the tabs in to disengage
them and remove the license
plate lamp assembly.
3. Pull the bulb straight out of
the bulb socket.
4. Push the new bulb straight in the
bulb socket until it clicks.
5. Push the bulb socket straight into
the license plate assembly and
turn it clockwise to secure it.
6. Reinstall the license plate
assembly into its original location
making sure the tabs reengage.
Vehicle Care
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Bulb
Number
High-beam
Headlamps
9005
Low-beam
Headlamps
9006
Sidemarker Lamp/
Stoplamp/Taillamp
7443
For replacement bulbs not listed
here, contact your dealer/retailer.
9-37
Electrical System
Fuses and circuit breakers protect
the following in the vehicle:
Electrical System
Overload
• Headlamp Wiring
• Windshield Wiper Motor
• Power Windows and other Power
The vehicle has fuses and circuit
breakers to protect against an
electrical system overload.
When the current electrical load is
too heavy, the circuit breaker opens
and closes, protecting the circuit until
the until the current load returns to
normal or the problem is fixed. This
greatly reduces the chance of circuit
overload and fire caused by electrical
problems.
Accessories
Headlamp Wiring
An electrical overload may cause
the lamps to go on and off, or in
some cases to remain off. Have
the headlamp wiring checked right
away if the lamps go on and off or
remain off.
9-38
Vehicle Care
Windshield Wipers
If the wiper motor overheats due to
heavy snow or ice, the windshield
wipers will stop until the motor cools
and will then restart.
Although the circuit is protected from
electrical overload, overload due to
heavy snow or ice, may cause wiper
linkage damage. Always clear ice
and heavy snow from the windshield
before using the windshield wipers.
If the overload is caused by an
electrical problem and not snow
or ice, be sure to get it fixed.
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers
Engine Compartment
Fuse Block
The wiring circuits in the vehicle are
protected from short circuits by a
combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links. This greatly
reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band
inside the fuse. If the band is broken
or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure
you replace a bad fuse with a new
one of the identical size and rating.
Fuses of the same amperage can be
temporarily borrowed from another
fuse location, if a fuse goes out.
Replace the fuse as soon as
you can.
This engine compartment fuse block
is located in the engine compartment
on the driver side of the vehicle
near the air cleaner. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 9-6.
Notice: Spilling liquid on any
electrical components on the
vehicle may damage it. Always
keep the covers on any electrical
component.
Vehicle Care
Fuses
8
9
10
11
12
13
Fuses
1
2
3
Usage
Electric
Cooling Fans
Electric
Cooling Fans
Antilock Braking
System (ABS),
Vehicle Stability
Control System
Fuses
4
5
6
7
Usage
ABS, Vehicle
Stability Control
System
Air Conditioning
System
Charging System
Electric Power
Steering
14
15
16
9-39
Usage
Emission Control
System Main, Horn,
Ignition 2
Headlamp Main
Emission Control
System 2
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System
Driver Side
Headlamp
Passenger Side
Headlamp
Driver Side
Low-Beam
Headlamp,
Front Foglamps
Passenger Side
Low-Beam
Headlamp
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System
9-40
Vehicle Care
Fuses
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Usage
Turn Signal Lamps,
Hazard Lamps
Charging System
Starting System,
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System
Starting System,
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System
Empty
Starting System
Engine Immobilizer
System
Fuses
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Usage
Main Body ECU,
Gages, Daytime
Running
Lights (DRL),
Air Conditioning
System, Wireless
Remote Control,
Theft Deterrent
System
Audio System
Interior Lamps,
Personal Lamps,
Clock
Spare
Spare
Spare
Audio System
OnStar®
Fuses
32
33
34
35
36
37
Usage
Multiport
Fuel Injection
System/Sequential
Multiport Fuel
Injection System,
Horn, Emission
Control System 1,
Emission Control
System 2
Horn
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System, Horn,
Ignition, Meter
PTC Heater 1
PTC Heater 3
Air Conditioning
Inverter
Vehicle Care
9-41
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block
The fuse block is located under the
instrument panel on the driver side of
the vehicle.
Fuses
1
2
Usage
Parking Lamps,
License Plate
Lamps, Taillamp,
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System, Instrument
Panel Lights
Switch Illumination
Fuses
3
4
5
6
7
Usage
Power Windows
Power Windows
Power Windows
Sunroof
Cigarette Lighter,
Accessory Power
Outlet
9-42
Vehicle Care
Fuses
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Usage
Outside Rearview
Mirrors, Audio
System, Main Body
Engine Control
Unit (ECU), Clock,
Brake Transmission
Shift Interlock
Empty
Empty
Airbag System,
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System, Front
Passenger Occupant
Classification
System
Gages and Meters
Air Conditioning
System, Rear
Window Defogger
Windshield Wipers
Rear Window Wipers
Fuses
16
17
18
19
Usage
Windshield Washer
Main Body ECU,
Electric Power
Steering, Electric
Cooling Fans,
Brake Transmission
Shift Interlock,
Antilock Braking
System (ABS),
Multiport Fuel
Injection System/
Sequential Multiport
Fuel Injection
System, Tire
Pressure Monitoring
System (TPMS),
Vehicle Stability
Control System
Back-up Lamps,
Charging System,
Rear Window
Defogger
Onboard Diagnosis
System
Fuses
20
21
22
23
24
Usage
Stoplamps, Center
High-Mounted
Stoplamps (CHMSL),
ABS, Vehicle
Stability Control
System, Multiport
Fuel Injection
System/Sequential
Multiport Fuel
Injection System,
Brake Transmission
Shift Interlock
Power Door Lock
System
Outside Rearview
Mirrors, Audio
System, Main Body
ECU, Clock, Brake
Transmission Shift
Interlock, Cigarette
Lighter
All-Wheel Drive
System
Front Foglamps
Vehicle Care
Fuses
25
26
27
Usage
Ignition, Outside
Rearview Mirrors,
Audio System, Main
Body ECU, Clock,
Brake Transmission
Shift Interlock,
Cigarette Lighter
Rear Window
Defogger, Heated
Mirrors, Multiport
Fuel Injection
System/Sequential
Multiport Fuel
Injection System
Power Windows
Wheels and Tires
Tires
CAUTION
9-43
(Continued)
• Underinflated tires pose the
Your new vehicle comes
with high-quality tires made
by a leading tire manufacturer.
If you ever have questions about
your tire warranty and where to
obtain service, see your vehicle
Warranty booklet for details.
For additional information refer
to the tire manufacturer.
•
{ CAUTION
Poorly maintained and improperly
used tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can
cause overheating as a result
of too much flexing. You
could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See Vehicle
Load Limits on page 8-12.
(Continued)
•
same danger as overloaded
tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury.
Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure
should be checked when
your tires are cold. See Tire
Pressure on page 9-49.
Overinflated tires are more
likely to be cut, punctured
or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you
hit a pothole. Keep tires at
the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause
accidents. If your tread is
badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged,
replace them.
9-44
Vehicle Care
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a
tire is molded into its sidewall.
The examples show a typical
passenger vehicle tire and a
compact spare tire sidewall.
(A) Tire Size: The tire size
is a combination of letters and
numbers used to define a
particular tire’s width, height,
aspect ratio, construction type,
and service description. See the
“Tire Size” illustration later in this
section for more detail.
(B) DOT (Department
of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation
(DOT) code indicates that the
tire is in compliance with the U.S.
Department of Transportation
Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
Example
(C) Tire Identification Number
(TIN): The letters and numbers
following DOT (Department of
Transportation) code is the Tire
Identification Number (TIN).
The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured.
The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only
one side may have the date of
manufacture.
(D) Tire Ply Material: The type
of cord and number of plies
in the sidewall and under
the tread.
(E) Uniform Tire Quality
Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required
to grade tires based on three
performance factors: treadwear,
traction, and temperature
resistance. For more information
see Uniform Tire Quality Grading
on page 9-58.
(F) Maximum Cold Inflation
Load Limit: Maximum load
that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed
to support that load.
Vehicle Care
Compact Spare Tire Example
(A) Temporary Use Only:
The compact spare tire or
temporary use tire has a tread
life of approximately 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) and should not be
driven at speeds over 65 mph
(105 km/h). The compact spare
tire is for emergency use when a
9-45
regular road tire has lost air and
gone flat. If your vehicle has a
compact spare tire. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 9-68 and If a
Tire Goes Flat on page 9-62.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation
Load Limit: Maximum load
that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed
to support that load.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type
of cord and number of plies
in the sidewall and under
the tread.
(E) Tire Inflation: The
temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated
to 60 psi (420 kPa). For more
information on tire pressure and
inflation see Tire Pressure on
page 9-49.
(C) Tire Identification Number
(TIN): The letters and numbers
following the DOT (Department
of Transportation) code is the
Tire Identification Number (TIN).
The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured.
The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only
one side may have the date of
manufacture.
(F) Tire Size: A combination
of letters and numbers define a
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio,
construction type, and service
description. The letter T as the
first character in the tire size
means the tire is for temporary
use only.
9-46
Vehicle Care
Tire Designations
Tire Size
The following illustration
shows an example of a typical
passenger vehicle tire size.
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire:
The United States version of a
metric tire sizing system. The
letter P as the first character in
the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to
standards set by the U.S.
Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit
number indicates the tire section
width in millimeters from sidewall
to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit
number that indicates the tire
height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size
aspect ratio is 60, as shown in
item C of the illustration, it would
mean that the tire’s sidewall is
60 percent as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter
code is used to indicate the type
of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply
construction; the letter D means
diagonal or bias ply construction;
and the letter B means
belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of
the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: These
characters represent the load
index and speed rating of the tire.
The load index represents the
load carry capacity a tire is
certified to carry. The speed
rating is the maximum speed a
tire is certified to carry a load.
Tire Terminology and
Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air
inside the tire pressing outward
on each square inch of the tire.
Air pressure is expressed in
pounds per square inch (psi)
or kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means
the combined weight of optional
accessories. Some examples
of optional accessories are,
automatic transmission, power
steering, power brakes, power
windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship
of a tire’s height to its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of
cords that is located between the
plies and the tread. Cords may
be made from steel or other
reinforcing materials.
Vehicle Care
Bead: The tire bead contains
steel wires wrapped by steel
cords that hold the tire onto
the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic
tire in which the plies are laid
at alternate angles less than
90 degrees to the centerline
of the tread.
Cold Tire Pressure: The
amount of air pressure in a tire,
measured in pounds per square
inch (psi) or kilopascals (kPa)
before a tire has built up heat
from driving. See Tire Pressure
on page 9-49.
Curb Weight: The weight of
a motor vehicle with standard
and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel,
oil, and coolant, but without
passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code
molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is
in compliance with the U.S.
Department of Transportation
(DOT) motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric
designator which can also
identify the tire manufacturer,
production plant, brand, and
date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating. See Vehicle Load
Limits on page 8-12.
9-47
Intended Outboard Sidewall:
The side of an asymmetrical tire,
that must always face outward
when mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric
unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire:
A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose
passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned
number ranging from 1 to 279
that corresponds to the load
carrying capacity of a tire.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle
Weight Rating for the front axle.
See Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12.
Maximum Inflation Pressure:
The maximum air pressure to
which a cold tire can be inflated.
The maximum air pressure is
molded onto the sidewall.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle
Weight Rating for the rear axle.
See Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12.
Maximum Load Rating:
The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation
pressure for that tire.
9-48
Vehicle Care
Maximum Loaded Vehicle
Weight: The sum of curb weight,
accessory weight, vehicle
capacity weight, and production
options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The
number of occupants a vehicle
is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Vehicle
Load Limits on page 8-12.
Occupant Distribution:
Designated seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The
side of an asymmetrical tire that
has a particular side that faces
outward when mounted on a
vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white
lettering, or bears manufacturer,
brand, and/or model name
molding that is higher or deeper
than the same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire:
A tire used on passenger cars
and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Recommended Inflation
Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended
tire inflation pressure as shown
on the tire placard. See Tire
Pressure on page 9-49 and
Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic
tire in which the ply cords that
extend to the beads are laid at
90 degrees to the centerline of
the tread.
Rim: A metal support for
a tire and upon which the
tire beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire
between the tread and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric
code assigned to a tire
indicating the maximum speed
at which a tire can operate.
Traction: The friction between
the tire and the road surface.
The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that
comes into contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow
bands, sometimes called wear
bars, that show across the tread
of a tire when only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) of tread remains.
See When It Is Time for New
Tires on page 9-56.
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality
Grading Standards): A tire
information system that provides
consumers with ratings for a
tire’s traction, temperature,
and treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers
using government testing
procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the
tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 9-58.
Vehicle Care
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The
number of designated seating
positions multiplied by 150 lbs
(68 kg) plus the rated cargo load.
See Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the
Tire: Load on an individual tire
due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and
cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label
permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the vehicle’s
capacity weight and the
original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation
pressure. See “Tire and Loading
Information Label” under Vehicle
Load Limits on page 8-12.
Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount
of air pressure to operate
effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone
tell you that under-inflation or
over-inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have
enough air (under-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air
(over-inflation), you can get
the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road
hazards
9-49
A vehicle specific Tire and
Loading Information label
is attached to your vehicle.
This label shows your vehicle’s
original equipment tires and the
correct inflation pressures for
your tires when they are cold.
The recommended cold tire
inflation pressure, shown on the
label, is the minimum amount of
air pressure needed to support
your vehicle’s maximum load
carrying capacity.
For additional information
regarding how much weight
your vehicle can carry, and an
example of the Tire and Loading
Information label, see Vehicle
Load Limits on page 8-12.
How you load your vehicle
affects vehicle handling and
ride comfort. Never load your
vehicle with more weight than
it was designed to carry.
9-50
Vehicle Care
When to Check
Check your tires once a
month or more. Do not forget
to check the compact spare
tire, if the vehicle has one.
The compact spare should be at
60 psi (420 kPa). For additional
information regarding the
compact spare tire, see Compact
Spare Tire on page 9-68.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type
gage to check tire pressure.
You cannot tell if your tires
are properly inflated simply by
looking at them. Radial tires may
look properly inflated even when
they are under-inflated. Check
the tire’s inflation pressure when
the tires are cold. Cold means
your vehicle has been sitting for
at least three hours or driven no
more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from
the tire valve stem. Press the
tire gage firmly onto the valve
to get a pressure measurement.
If the cold tire inflation pressure
matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and Loading
Information label, no further
adjustment is necessary. If the
inflation pressure is low, add air
until you reach the recommended
amount.
If you overfill the tire, release
air by pushing on the metal stem
in the center of the tire valve.
Re-check the tire pressure with
the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps
back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by
keeping out dirt and moisture.
Tire Pressure Monitor
System
The Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) uses radio and
sensor technology to check tire
pressure levels. The TPMS sensors
monitor the air pressure in your
vehicle’s tires and transmit tire
pressure readings to a receiver
located in the vehicle.
Each tire, including the spare
(if provided), should be checked
monthly when cold and inflated to
the inflation pressure recommended
by the vehicle manufacturer on the
vehicle placard or tire inflation
pressure label. (If your vehicle has
tires of a different size than the size
indicated on the vehicle placard or
tire inflation pressure label, you
should determine the proper tire
inflation pressure for those tires.)
Vehicle Care
As an added safety feature, your
vehicle has been equipped with
a tire pressure monitoring system
(TPMS) that illuminates a low
tire pressure telltale when one or
more of your tires is significantly
under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire
pressure telltale illuminates, you
should stop and check your tires
as soon as possible, and inflate
them to the proper pressure. Driving
on a significantly under-inflated tire
causes the tire to overheat and can
lead to tire failure. Under-inflation
also reduces fuel efficiency and
tire tread life, and may affect the
vehicle’s handling and stopping
ability.
Please note that the TPMS is
not a substitute for proper tire
maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct
tire pressure, even if under-inflation
has not reached the level to trigger
illumination of the TPMS low tire
pressure telltale.
Your vehicle has also been
equipped with a TPMS malfunction
indicator to indicate when the system
is not operating properly. The TPMS
malfunction indicator is combined
with the low tire pressure telltale.
When the system detects a
malfunction, the telltale will flash
for approximately one minute and
then remain continuously illuminated.
This sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long
as the malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator
is illuminated, the system may not
be able to detect or signal low tire
pressure as intended. TPMS
malfunctions may occur for a variety
of reasons, including the installation
of replacement or alternate tires or
9-51
wheels on the vehicle that prevent
the TPMS from functioning properly.
Always check the TPMS malfunction
telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle to
ensure that the replacement or
alternate tires and wheels allow
the TPMS to continue to function
properly.
See Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation on page 9-52 for
additional information.
Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) and
Industry and Science Canada
See Radio Frequency Statement
(US, Can) on page 12-16 for
information regarding Part 15
of the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and
RSS-210/211 of Industry and
Science Canada.
9-52
Vehicle Care
Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation
This vehicle may have a Tire
Pressure Monitor System (TPMS).
The TPMS warns the driver when a
low tire pressure condition exists.
TPMS sensors are mounted onto
each tire and wheel assembly,
excluding the spare tire and
wheel assembly.
When a low tire pressure condition
is detected, the low tire pressure
warning light, located on the
instrument panel cluster, comes on.
This light also comes on for a
few seconds and then goes off when
you turn the ignition to ON/RUN.
This indicates the TPMS is
functioning properly. If the low-tire
pressure warning light comes on
while driving the vehicle, the system
may have detected a low-tire
condition. You need to stop as soon
as possible and check the tires.
The low tire pressure warning
light may come on in cool weather
when the vehicle is first started, and
then turn off as you start to drive.
This could be an early indicator that
the air pressure in the tire(s) are
getting low and need to be inflated
to the proper pressure.
A Tire and Loading Information
label, attached to the vehicle, shows
the size of the vehicle’s original
equipment tires and the correct
inflation pressure for the tires when
they are cold. See Vehicle Load
Limits on page 8-12, for an example
of the Tire and Loading Information
label and its location on your vehicle.
Also see Tire Pressure on
page 9-49.
The vehicle’s TPMS can warn you
about a low tire pressure condition
but it does not replace normal tire
maintenance. See Tire Inspection
on page 9-54, Tire Rotation on
page 9-55 and Tires on page 9-43.
Vehicle Care
TPMS Malfunction Light
The TPMS will not function properly
if one or more of the TPMS sensors
are missing or inoperable. When the
system detects a malfunction, the
low tire warning light flashes for
about one minute and then stays
on for the remainder of the ignition
cycle. The low tire warning light
comes on at each ignition cycle until
the problem is corrected. Some of
the conditions that can cause the
malfunction light to come on are:
• One of the road tires has been
replaced with the spare tire.
The spare tire does not have
a TPMS sensor. The TPMS
malfunction light and DIC
message should go off once
you re-install the road tire
containing the TPMS sensor.
• The initialization (reset) procedure
failed. See “TPMS Reset” later in
this section.
• One or more TPMS sensors
are missing or damaged.
The TPMS malfunction light
should go off when the TPMS
sensors are installed and the
sensor matching process is
performed successfully. See
your dealer/retailer for service.
• Replacement tires or wheels do
not match the vehicle’s original
equipment tires or wheels. Tires
and wheels other than those
recommended for your vehicle
could prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. See Buying
New Tires on page 9-56.
9-53
• Operating electronic devices or
being near facilities using radio
wave frequencies similar to the
TPMS could cause the TPMS
sensors to malfunction.
• If tire chains are installed on the
vehicle.
• If there is a lot of snow or ice
around the wheels or wheel
housings.
• If a window tint that affects the
radio wave signals is installed.
If the TPMS is not functioning it
cannot detect or signal a low tire
condition. See your dealer/retailer for
service if the TPMS malfunction light
comes on and stays on.
9-54
Vehicle Care
TPMS Reset
The TPMS sensors and transmitters
have unique identification codes.
Anytime you replace a TPMS sensor
or transmitter the identification codes
need to be registered and the TPMS
needs to be reset (initialized). When
the system is initialized, the current
air pressure in the tires is set as the
tire pressure benchmark. The tire
pressure warning system determines
decreased air pressure by comparing
tire pressure to the benchmark
pressure stored in the TPMS.
3. Adjust the tire pressure of all the
installed tires to the specified
cold tire inflation pressure level
indicated on the Tire and Loading
Information label attached to
the vehicle.
4. Turn the ignition to ON/RUN with
the engine off.
Do not reset the TPMS without first
correcting the cause of a low-tire
condition.
2. Turn the ignition to
ACC/ACCESSORY or
LOCK/OFF.
If you press the tire pressure reset
switch while the vehicle is moving,
the reset is not performed. If you
press the tire pressure reset switch
accidentally and initialization is
performed, adjust the tire pressure to
the specified level and perform the
reset procedure again.
Tire Inspection
To reset the system:
1. Park the vehicle at a safe place
and apply the parking brake.
Turn the engine off.
If the low-tire pressure warning
light does not flash three times
while you press and hold the
reset button, the reset has failed.
Repeat the reset process. If the
reset cannot be performed, see
your dealer/retailer for service.
5. Press and hold the tire pressure
warning reset switch until the tire
pressure warning light flashes
slowly on/off three times.
Wait for a few minutes with the
ignition in ON/RUN, and then turn
the ignition to ACC/ACCESSORY
or LOCK/OFF.
We recommend that you
regularly inspect your vehicle’s
tires, including the spare tire, if
the vehicle has one, for signs of
wear or damage. See When It Is
Time for New Tires on page 9-56
for more information.
Vehicle Care
Tire Rotation
See Tire Pressure on page 9-49
and Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12.
Tires should be rotated every
5,000 to 8,000 miles (8 000 to
13 000 km). See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 10-3.
The purpose of a regular tire
rotation is to achieve a uniform
wear for all tires on the vehicle.
This will ensure that the vehicle
continues to perform most like it
did when the tires were new.
Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate the tires as soon
as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels.
See When It Is Time for New
Tires on page 9-56 and Wheel
Replacement on page 9-60 for
more information.
9-55
{ CAUTION
When rotating the vehicle’s tires,
always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Tires should only be moved from
front to rear and rear to front on
the same side of the vehicle.
Do not include the compact
spare tire in the tire rotation.
After the tires have been
rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures to the
amounts shown on the Tire
and Loading Information label.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the
parts to which it is fastened, can
make wheel nuts become loose
after time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When
changing a wheel, remove any rust
or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if
needed, to get all the rust or dirt
off. See If a Tire Goes Flat on
page 9-62.
Make certain that all wheel
nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications
on page 11-2.
9-56
Vehicle Care
When It Is Time for New
Tires
Various factors, such as
maintenance, temperatures,
driving speeds, vehicle loading,
and road conditions influence
when you need new tires.
The vehicle needs new tires if any
of the following statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at
three or more places around
the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric
showing through the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked,
cut, or snagged deep enough to
show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge,
or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or
other damage that cannot be
repaired well because of the size
or location of the damage.
One way to tell when it is time for
new tires is to check the treadwear
indicators, which appear when the
tires have only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm)
or less of tread remaining.
The rubber in tires degrades over
time, even if they are not being used.
This is also true for the spare tire,
if the vehicle has one. Multiple
conditions affect how fast this aging
takes place, including temperatures,
loading conditions, and inflation
pressure maintenance. With proper
care and maintenance tires typically
wear out before they degrade due to
age. If you are unsure about the
need to replace the tires as they get
older, consult the tire manufacturer
for more information.
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched
specific tires for the vehicle. If you
need replacement tires, GM strongly
recommends that you get tires that
are the same size, brand, load range,
speed rating, and construction type
(radial and bias-belted tires) as the
vehicle’s original tires. This way, the
vehicle will continue to have tires
that are designed to give the same
performance and vehicle safety,
during normal use, as the original
tires. See Tire Sidewall Labeling on
page 9-44 for additional information.
Vehicle Care
GM recommends replacing tires in
sets of four. This is because uniform
tread depth on all tires will help keep
the vehicle performing most like it did
when the tires were new. Replacing
less than a full set of tires can
affect the braking and handling
performance of the vehicle. See Tire
Inspection on page 9-54 and Tire
Rotation on page 9-55.
CAUTION
(Continued)
vehicle. Be sure to use the
correct size, brand, and type
of tires on all wheels. It is
all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily,
as it was developed for use
on your vehicle. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 9-68.
{ CAUTION
Mixing tires could cause you
to lose control while driving.
If you mix tires of different
sizes, brands, or types (radial
and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle
properly, and you could have
a crash. Using tires of different
sizes, brands, or types may
also cause damage to your
(Continued)
{ CAUTION
If you use bias-ply tires on the
vehicle, the wheel rim flanges
could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire
and/or wheel could fail
suddenly, causing a crash.
Use only radial-ply tires with
the wheels on the vehicle.
9-57
Vehicles that have a tire pressure
monitoring system could give an
inaccurate low-pressure warning
if tires not recommended for the
vehicle are installed. Tires that do
not match the original equipment
tires could give a low-pressure
warning that is higher or lower than
the proper warning level you would
get with original equipment tires.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System
on page 9-50.
The vehicle’s original equipment
tires are listed on the Tire and
Loading Information Label. See
Vehicle Load Limits on page 8-12,
for more information about the Tire
and Loading Information label and
its location on the vehicle.
9-58
Vehicle Care
Different Size Tires and
Wheels
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading
If you add wheels or tires that are
a different size than your original
equipment wheels and tires, this
could affect the way your vehicle
performs, including its braking,
ride and handling characteristics,
stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has
electronic systems such as anti-lock
brakes, traction control, and
electronic stability control, the
performance of these systems
can be affected.
Quality grades can be found
where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder
and maximum section width.
For example:
See Buying New Tires on page 9-56
and Accessories and Modifications
on page 9-3 for additional
information.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA
Temperature A
The following information relates
to the system developed by the
United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA), which grades tires
by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance.
This applies only to vehicles
sold in the United States.
The grades are molded on
the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire
Quality Grading (UTQG) system
does not apply to deep tread,
winter-type snow tires,
space-saver, or temporary
use spare tires, tires with nominal
rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on
General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary
with respect to these grades,
they must also conform to
federal safety requirements
and additional General Motors
Tire Performance Criteria (TPC)
standards.
Vehicle Care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a
comparative rating based on the
wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on
a specified government test
course. For example, a tire
graded 150 would wear one
and a half (1.5) times as well
on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of
their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving
habits, service practices,
and differences in road
characteristics and climate.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from
highest to lowest, are AA, A, B,
and C. Those grades represent
the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under
controlled conditions on specified
government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire
marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Temperature – A, B, C
The temperature grades
are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance
to the generation of heat and
its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the
9-59
material of the tire to degenerate
and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can
lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all
passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent
higher levels of performance
on the laboratory test wheel than
the minimum required by law.
It should be noted that the
temperature grade for this tire
is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive
loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
9-60
Vehicle Care
Wheel Alignment and
Tire Balance
The tires and wheels on the vehicle
were aligned and balanced carefully
at the factory to give the longest tire
life and best overall performance.
Adjustments to wheel alignment and
tire balancing will not be necessary
on a regular basis. However, if there
is unusual tire wear or the vehicle
pulls to one side or the other, the
alignment should be checked. If the
vehicle vibrates when driving on a
smooth road, the tires and wheels
might need to be rebalanced.
See your dealer/retailer for proper
diagnosis.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent,
cracked or badly rusted or corroded.
If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
should be replaced. If the wheel
leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can
sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer/retailer if any of these
conditions exist.
Your dealer/retailer will know the
kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have
the same load-carrying capacity,
diameter, width, offset and be
mounted the same way as the
one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of the
wheels, wheel bolts or wheel nuts,
replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way,
you will be sure to have the right
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for the vehicle.
{ CAUTION
Using the wrong replacement
wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel
nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control.
You could have a collision in
which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct
wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can
also cause problems with bearing
life, brake cooling, speedometer
or odometer calibration, headlamp
aim, bumper height, vehicle
ground clearance, and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and
chassis.
See If a Tire Goes Flat on page 9-62
for more information.
Vehicle Care
Used Replacement Wheels
{ CAUTION
Putting a used wheel on the
vehicle is dangerous. You cannot
know how it has been used or how
far it has been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you
have to replace a wheel, use a
new GM original equipment wheel.
CAUTION
(Continued)
the brakes, suspension or other
vehicle parts. The area damaged
by the tire chains could cause you
to lose control of the vehicle and
you or others may be injured in a
crash.
If the vehicle has P215/45R18
size tires, do not use tire chains.
There is not enough clearance.
Use another type of traction
device only if its manufacturer
recommends it for use on the
vehicle and tire size combination
and road conditions. Follow that
manufacturer’s instructions.
To help avoid damage to the
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust
or remove the device if it is
contacting the vehicle, and
do not spin the wheels.
Tire chains used on a vehicle
without the proper amount of
clearance can cause damage to
If you do find traction devices that
will fit, install them on the front
tires.
Tire Chains
{ CAUTION
(Continued)
9-61
Notice: If the vehicle has a tire
size other than P215/45R18 size
tires, use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must.
Use only SAE Class “S” type
chains that are the proper size
for the tires. Install them on the
front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the
ends securely fastened. Drive
slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you
can hear the chains contacting the
vehicle, stop and retighten them.
If the contact continues, slow
down until it stops. Driving too
fast or spinning the wheels with
chains on will damage the vehicle.
9-62
Vehicle Care
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout
while you are driving, especially if
you maintain your vehicle’s tires
properly. If air goes out of a tire,
it is much more likely to leak out
slowly. But if you should ever have
a blowout, here are a few tips about
what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire
creates a drag that pulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to
maintain lane position, and then
gently brake to a stop well out of
the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a
curve, acts much like a skid and
may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear
blowout remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle
under control by steering the way
you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can
still steer. Gently brake to a stop,
well off the road if possible.
{ CAUTION
Lifting a vehicle and getting under
it to do maintenance or repairs is
dangerous without the appropriate
safety equipment and training. If a
jack is provided with the vehicle, it
is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything
else, you or others could be badly
injured or killed if the vehicle slips
off the jack. If a jack is provided
with the vehicle, only use it for
changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire
and wheel damage by driving slowly
to a level place. Turn on the hazard
warning flashers. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 5-3.
{ CAUTION
Changing a tire can be dangerous.
The vehicle can slip off the jack
and roll over or fall on you or other
people. You and they could be
badly injured or even killed. Find
a level place to change your tire.
To help prevent the vehicle from
moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put an automatic
transmission shift lever in
P (Park), or shift a manual
transmission to 1 (First) or
R (Reverse).
3. Turn off the engine and do
not restart while the vehicle
is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to
remain in the vehicle.
(Continued)
Vehicle Care
CAUTION
(Continued)
To be certain the vehicle will not
move, put blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from
the one being changed. That
would be the tire on the other
side, at the opposite end of the
vehicle.
Tire Changing
The following information explains
how to repair or change a tire.
To remove the spare tire and tools:
Removing the Spare Tire and
Tools
When the vehicle has a flat tire (B),
use the following example as a
guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks (A).
A. Wheel Block
B. Flat Tire
9-63
1. Turn the two lock knobs on the
cargo area floor (C) to UNLOCK.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Compact Spare Tire
Jack
Cargo Area Floor(s)
Tire/Wheel Retainer Nut
Jack Handle
Wheel Wrench
2. Lift up and remove both of
the cargo area floors (C).
9-64
Vehicle Care
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
1. Do a safety check before
proceeding. See If a Tire Goes
Flat on page 9-62.
2. If the vehicle has steel wheels
with plastic wheel nut caps,
loosen the plastic wheel nut caps.
You may need the wheel wrench
to loosen them. Do not pry off
wheel covers that have plastic
wheel nut caps.
3. Remove the hook holding
the jack (B) and remove
the jack (B).
4. Remove the jack handle (E)
and wheel wrench (F) from
the passenger side of the
cargo area.
5. Remove the tire/wheel
retainer (D) from the compact
spare tire (A) and remove
the compact spare tire (A).
See Compact Spare Tire on
page 9-68.
6. Place the compact spare tire (A)
next to the flat tire.
3. Remove the wheel cover and set
it off to the side.
4. Attach the jack handle to the jack
and turn clockwise to raise the
lift head a little.
Vehicle Care
9-65
{ CAUTION
Getting under a vehicle when it
is jacked up is dangerous. If the
vehicle slips off the jack you could
be badly injured or killed. Never
get under a vehicle when it is
supported only by a jack.
5. Loosen all the wheel nuts.
Do not remove them yet.
{ CAUTION
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned can damage
the vehicle and even make the
vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be
sure to fit the jack lift head into the
proper location before raising the
vehicle.
6. Position the jack and raise the
jack lift head to fit over the car
flange between the two notches.
7. Turn the jack handle clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far enough off
the ground so there is enough
room for the compact spare tire
to fit underneath the wheel well.
9-66
Vehicle Care
{ CAUTION
8. Remove the wheel nuts and the
flat tire.
9. Install the spare tire.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on
the parts to which it is fastened,
can make wheel nuts become
loose after time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident.
When changing a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where
the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure
to use a scraper or wire brush
later, if needed, to get all the rust
or dirt off. See If a Tire Goes Flat
on page 9-62.
10. Remove any rust or dirt from
the wheel bolts, mounting
surfaces and spare wheel.
11. Place the compact spare tire on
the wheel-mounting surface.
{ CAUTION
Never use oil or grease on bolts
or nuts because the nuts might
come loose. The vehicle’s wheel
could fall off, causing a crash.
Vehicle Care
12. Reinstall the wheel nuts with
the rounded end of the nuts
toward the wheel. Tighten each
nut by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
13. Turn the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower
the jack completely.
{ CAUTION
Wheel nuts that are improperly
or incorrectly tightened can cause
the wheels to become loose or
come off. The wheel nuts should
be tightened with a torque wrench
to the proper torque specification
after replacing. Follow the torque
specification supplied by the
aftermarket manufacturer when
using accessory locking wheel
nuts. See Capacities and
Specifications on page 11-2 for
original equipment wheel nut
torque specifications.
Notice: Improperly tightened
wheel nuts can lead to brake
pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid expensive brake repairs,
9-67
evenly tighten the wheel nuts in
the proper sequence and to
the proper torque specification.
See Capacities and Specifications
on page 11-2 for the wheel nut
torque specification.
14. Tighten the wheel nuts firmly
in a crisscross sequence as
shown.
9-68
Vehicle Care
Storing the Compact
Spare Tire
{ CAUTION
Storing a jack, a tire, or other
equipment in the passenger
compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or
collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Cargo Area Floor
Tire/Wheel Retainer Nut
Jack Handle
Wheel Wrench
1. Place the jack handle (E) and
wheel wrench (F) back in their
original location in the passenger
side of the cargo area.
2. Place the jack (B) back in its
original location on the driver
side of the cargo area and close
the latch over the jack (B).
3. Place the compact spare tire (A),
valve stem pointed down, back
in its original location in the
center of the cargo area.
4. Turn the tire/wheel retainer
nut (D) clockwise to secure it
on the compact spare tire (A).
5. Close the cargo area floor (C).
A. Compact Spare Tire (Valve Stem
Pointed Down)
B. Jack
Compact Spare Tire
The compact spare tire was fully
inflated when the vehicle was new,
but it can lose air after a time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly.
See Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12 for the correct inflation
pressure.
Do not exceed 80 km/h (50 mph)
when driving with a spare tire.
The spare tire is for temporary
emergency use only. Replace it with
a regular tire as soon as possible.
Vehicle Care
Notice: When the compact spare
is installed, do not take the vehicle
through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact
spare can get caught on the rails
which can damage the tire, wheel
and other parts of the vehicle.
Do not use the temporary spare on
other vehicles.
Do not mix the temporary spare
tire or wheel with other wheels or
tires. They will not fit. Keep the
spare tire and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains will not fit
the compact spare. Using them
can damage the vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Do not use
tire chains on the compact spare.
Jump Starting
If your vehicle’s battery has run
down, you may want to use another
vehicle and some jumper cables
to start your vehicle. Be sure to use
the following steps to do it safely.
{ CAUTION
Batteries can hurt you. They can
be dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can
burn you.
• They contain gas that can
explode or ignite.
• They contain enough
electricity to burn you.
If you do not follow these steps
exactly, some or all of these
things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps
could result in costly damage to
the vehicle that would not be
covered by the warranty.
9-69
Trying to start the vehicle by
pushing or pulling it will not work,
and it could damage the vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must
have a 12-volt battery with a
negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s
system is not a 12-volt system
with a negative ground, both
vehicles can be damaged. Only
use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump
start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough
so the jumper cables can reach,
but be sure the vehicles are not
touching each other. If they are, it
could cause a ground connection
you do not want. You would not
be able to start your vehicle, and
the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
9-70
Vehicle Care
To avoid the possibility of the
vehicles rolling, set the parking
brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start
procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in P (Park) or
a manual transmission in
NEUTRAL before setting
the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave the radio or
other accessories on during the
jump starting procedure, they
could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by the
warranty. Always turn off the
radio and other accessories
when jump starting the vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both
vehicles. Unplug unnecessary
accessories plugged into the
cigarette lighter. Turn off the radio
and all lamps that are not needed.
This will avoid sparks and help
save both batteries. And it could
save the radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the
batteries. Find the positive (+)
and negative (−) terminal
locations on each vehicle.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 9-6 for
more information on location.
{ CAUTION
An electric fan can start up even
when the engine is not running
and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
{ CAUTION
Using a match near a battery
can cause battery gas to explode.
People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use
a flashlight if you need more light.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
Be sure the battery has enough
water. You do not need to add
water to the battery installed in
your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right
amount of fluid is there. If it is
low, add water to take care of that
first. If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that
can burn you. Do not get it on
you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush
the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
{ CAUTION
Fans or other moving engine
parts can injure you badly. Keep
your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
Vehicle Care
5. Check that the jumper cables
do not have loose or missing
insulation. If they do, you could
get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables,
here are some basic things you
should know. Positive (+) will go
to positive (+) or to a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle
has one. Negative (−) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine
part or to a remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to
negative (−) or you will get a short
that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts too. And
do not connect the negative (−)
cable to the negative (−) terminal
on the dead battery because this
can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red positive (+)
cable to the positive (+) terminal
of the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle
has one.
7. Do not let the other end
touch metal. Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
9-71
1.8 L4 Engine
8. To access the remote negative
on the 1.8L engine, the cover will
need to be removed. To remove
the engine cover raise the rear of
the engine cover to remove the
rear clips and the front of the
engine cover to remove the
two front clips
9-72
Vehicle Care
9. Connect the other end of the
negative (−) cable at least
18 inches (45 cm) away from the
dead battery, but not near engine
parts that move. The electrical
connection is just as good there,
and the chance of sparks getting
back to the battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with
the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
2.4L L4 Engine
Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to the negative
terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch
anything until the next step.
The other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead
battery. It goes to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to
a remote negative (−) terminal on
the vehicle with the dead battery.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had
the dead battery. If it will not
start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
Notice: If the jumper cables
are connected or removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the
vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Always connect and remove the
jumper cables in the correct order,
making sure that the cables do not
touch each other or other metal.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal
Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
Vehicle Care
To disconnect the jumper cables
from both vehicles, do the following:
Towing
1. Disconnect the black negative (−)
cable from the vehicle that had
the dead battery.
Towing the Vehicle
2. Disconnect the black negative (−)
cable from the vehicle with the
good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+)
cable from the vehicle with the
good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+)
cable from the other vehicle.
To avoid damage, the disabled
vehicle should be towed with all
four wheels off the ground. Consult
your dealer/retailer or a professional
towing service if the disabled vehicle
must be towed. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 12-6.
To tow the vehicle behind
another vehicle for recreational
purposes — such as behind
a motorhome, see Recreational
Vehicle Towing following.
9-73
Recreational Vehicle
Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means
towing the vehicle behind another
vehicle – such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common
types of recreational vehicle towing
are known as dinghy towing and
dolly towing. Dinghy towing is towing
the vehicle with all four wheels on
the ground. Dolly towing is towing
the vehicle with two wheels on the
ground and two wheels up on a
device known as a dolly.
9-74
Vehicle Care
Here are some important things
to consider before recreational
vehicle towing:
If the vehicle has a manual
transmission, it can be dinghy
towed.
After dinghy towing, let the engine
idle for more than three minutes
before driving the vehicle.
When dinghy towing, be sure to
follow the posted legal speed limit.
Do not tow the vehicle from the
rear. The vehicle could be badly
damaged and the repairs would
not be covered by the warranty.
• What is the towing capacity of the
towing vehicle? Be sure to read
the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• What is the distance that will be
travelled? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how
long they can tow.
• Is the proper equipment going to
be used? See your dealer/retailer
or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
• Is the vehicle ready to be towed?
Just as preparing the vehicle for a
long trip, make sure the vehicle is
prepared to be towed.
Dinghy Towing
If the vehicle has an automatic
transmission, it cannot be dinghy
towed. See “Dolly Towing” for more
information regarding towing the
vehicle.
1. Put the shift lever in Neutral.
2. Turn the ignition to
ACC/ACCESSORY to avoid
locking the steering wheel.
Make sure the audio system
is turned off and that nothing is
plugged into the power outlets.
3. Release the parking brake.
Dolly Towing (All-Wheel-Drive
Vehicles)
All-wheel-drive vehicles must not
be towed with two wheels on the
ground. To properly tow these
vehicles, they should be placed on a
platform trailer with all four wheels off
of the ground.
Vehicle Care
Dolly Towing
(Front-Wheel-Drive
Vehicles Only)
3. Set the parking brake.
Appearance Care
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a
straight-ahead position with a
clamping device designed
for towing.
Exterior Care
5. Remove the key from the
ignition.
6. Secure the vehicle to the dolly.
7. Release the parking brake.
9-75
Cleaning Exterior
Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water,
a soft cloth and a car washing soap
to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing
the Vehicle” later in this section.
Finish Care
To tow the front-wheel-drive vehicle
using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Move the shift lever to P (Park)
for an automatic transmission
or Neutral for a manual
transmission.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of the vehicle by hand may be
necessary to remove residue from
the paint finish. Approved cleaning
products can be obtained from
your dealer/retailer.
9-76
Vehicle Care
If the vehicle has a basecoat/
clearcoat paint finish, the clearcoat
gives more depth and gloss to the
colored basecoat. Always use waxes
and polishes that are non-abrasive
and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding
or aggressive polishing on a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish
may damage it. Use only
non-abrasive waxes and polishes
that are made for a basecoat/
clearcoat paint finish on the
vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium
chloride and other salts, ice melting
agents, road oil and tar, tree sap,
bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage the vehicle’s finish if they
remain on painted surfaces. Wash
the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use non-abrasive
cleaners that are marked safe for
painted surfaces to remove foreign
matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject
to aging, weather and chemical
fallout that can take their toll over
a period of years. You can help to
keep the paint finish looking new
by keeping the vehicle garaged or
covered whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal
Parts
Bright metal parts should be cleaned
regularly to keep their luster. Wash
with water or use chrome polish on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if
necessary.
Use special care with aluminum trim.
To avoid damaging protective trim,
never use auto or chrome polish,
steam or caustic soap to clean
aluminum. A coating of wax, rubbed
to high polish, is recommended for all
bright metal parts.
Vehicle Care
Washing the Vehicle
To preserve the vehicle’s finish,
keep it clean by washing it often.
Do not wash the vehicle in
direct sunlight and use a car
washing soap.
Notice: Certain cleaners contain
chemicals that can damage the
emblems or nameplates on the
vehicle. Check the cleaning
product label. If it states that it
should not be used on plastic
parts, do not use it on the vehicle
or damage may occur and it would
not be covered by the warranty.
Do not use cleaning agents that are
petroleum based or that contain acid
or abrasives, as they can damage
the paint, metal or plastic on the
vehicle. Approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer/
retailer. Follow all manufacturers’
directions regarding correct product
usage, necessary safety precautions
and appropriate disposal of any
vehicle care product.
Rinse the vehicle well, before
washing and after to remove all
cleaning agents completely. If they
are allowed to dry on the surface,
they could stain.
Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel
to avoid surface scratches and
water spotting.
High pressure car washes may
cause water to enter the vehicle.
Avoid using high pressure washes
closer than 12 inches (30 cm) to the
surface of the vehicle. Use of power
washers exceeding 1,200 psi
(8 274 kPa) can result in damage
or removal of paint and decals.
9-77
Notice: Conveyor systems on
some automatic car washes could
damage the vehicle. There may
not be enough clearance for
the undercarriage. Check with the
car wash manager before using
the automatic car wash.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will
make them last longer, seal better,
and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth.
During very cold, damp weather
frequent application may be required.
See “Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Index of the “Maintenance and
Warranty and Owner assistance
Information” manual.
9-78
Vehicle Care
Wheels and Trim — Aluminum
or Chrome
The vehicle may have either
aluminum or chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a
soft clean cloth with mild soap
and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with
a soft clean towel. A wax may
then be applied.
Notice: Chrome wheels and
other chrome trim may be
damaged if the vehicle is not
washed after driving on roads
that have been sprayed with
magnesium, calcium or sodium
chloride. These chlorides are
used on roads for conditions
such as ice and dust. Always
wash the vehicle’s chrome with
soap and water after exposure.
Notice: Using strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes,
cleaners, brushes, or cleaners
that contain acid on aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels,
could damage the surface of the
wheel(s). The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Use only approved
cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
The surface of these wheels is
similar to the painted surface of the
vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes,
abrasive cleaners, cleaners with
acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes
on them because the surface could
be damaged. Do not use chrome
polish on aluminum wheels.
Notice: Using chrome polish on
aluminum wheels could damage
the wheels. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Use chrome polish
on chrome wheels only.
Use chrome polish only on
chrome-plated wheels, but avoid
any painted surface of the wheel,
and buff off immediately after
application.
Notice: Driving the vehicle
through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire
cleaning brushes, could damage
the aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Never drive a vehicle that has
aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels through an automatic car
wash that uses silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes.
Vehicle Care
9-79
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Tires
Finish Damage
Clean the outside of the windshield
with glass cleaner.
Use a stiff brush with tire cleaner to
clean the tires.
Clean the rubber blades using a
lint free cloth or paper towel soaked
with windshield washer fluid or a mild
detergent. Wash the windshield
thoroughly when cleaning the blades.
Bugs, road grime, sap, and a buildup
of vehicle wash/wax treatments may
cause wiper streaking. Replace the
wiper blades if they are worn or
damaged.
Notice: Using petroleum-based
tire dressing products on the
vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying
a tire dressing, always wipe off
any overspray from all painted
surfaces on the vehicle.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep
scratches in the finish should be
repaired right away. Bare metal will
corrode quickly and may develop into
major repair expense.
Wipers can be damaged by:
•
•
•
•
Extreme dusty conditions
Sand and salt
Heat and sun
Snow and ice, without proper
removal
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and
requires sheet metal repair or
replacement, make sure the body
repair shop applies anti-corrosion
material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Original manufacturer replacement
parts will provide the corrosion
protection while maintaining
the vehicle warranty.
Minor chips and scratches can be
repaired with touch-up materials
available from your dealer/retailer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be
corrected in your dealer’s/retailer’s
body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow
removal and dust control can collect
on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can
develop on the underbody parts such
as fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust system even though they
have corrosion protection.
9-80
Vehicle Care
At least every spring, flush these
materials from the underbody
with plain water. Clean any areas
where mud and debris can collect.
Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before
being flushed. Your dealer/retailer
or an underbody car washing
system can do this.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric
conditions can create a chemical
fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces
on the vehicle. This damage can
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped
discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Interior Care
The vehicle’s interior will continue
to look its best if it is cleaned often.
Dust and dirt can accumulate on the
upholstery and cause damage to the
carpet, fabric, leather, and plastic
surfaces. Stains should be removed
quickly as extreme heat could cause
them to set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require
more frequent cleaning. Newspapers
and garments that can transfer color
to home furnishings can also transfer
color to the vehicle’s interior.
Remove dust from small buttons
and knobs with a small brush
with soft bristles.
Your dealer/retailer has products
for cleaning the vehicle’s interior.
When cleaning the vehicle’s interior,
only use cleaners specifically
designed for the surfaces that are
being cleaned. Permanent damage
can result from using cleaners on
surfaces for which they were not
intended. Apply the cleaner directly
to the cleaning cloth to prevent
over-spray. Remove any accidental
over-spray from other surfaces
immediately.
Notice: Using abrasive cleaners
when cleaning glass surfaces on
the vehicle, could scratch the
glass and/or cause damage to
the rear window defogger. When
cleaning the glass on the vehicle,
use only a soft cloth and glass
cleaner.
Vehicle Care
Cleaners can contain solvents that
can become concentrated in the
vehicle’s interior. Before using
cleaners, read and adhere to all
safety instructions on the label.
While cleaning the vehicle’s interior,
maintain adequate ventilation by
opening the vehicle’s doors and
windows.
• Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps.
Do not clean the interior using the
following cleaners or techniques:
• Do not heavily saturate the
• Never use a knife or any
• Damage to the vehicle’s interior
other sharp object to remove a
soil from any interior surface.
• Never use a stiff brush. It can
cause damage to the vehicle’s
interior surfaces.
• Never apply heavy pressure or
rub aggressively with a cleaning
cloth. Use of heavy pressure can
damage the interior and does not
improve the effectiveness of soil
removal.
Avoid laundry detergents
or dishwashing soaps with
degreasers. Using too much
soap will leave a residue that
leaves streaks and attracts dirt.
For liquid cleaners, about
20 drops per gallon (3.78 L)
of water is a good guide.
upholstery while cleaning.
may result from the use of many
organic solvents such as naptha,
alcohol, etc.
9-81
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft
brush attachment to remove dust
and loose dirt. A canister vacuum
with a beater bar in the nozzle may
only be used on floor carpet and
carpeted floor mats. For soils, always
try to remove them first with plain
water or club soda. Before cleaning,
gently remove as much of the soil as
possible using one of the following
techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the
remaining soil with a paper towel.
Allow the soil to absorb into the
paper towel until no more can be
removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as
much as possible and then
vacuum.
9-82
Vehicle Care
To clean:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white
cloth with water or club soda.
A paper towel can be used to blot
excess moisture from the fabric
or carpet after the cleaning process.
2. Remove excess moisture.
Leather
3. Start on the outside edge of the
soil and gently rub toward the
center. Continue cleaning, using
a clean area of the cloth each
time it becomes soiled.
To remove dust, a soft cloth
dampened with water can be used.
If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a soft cloth dampened
with a mild soap solution can be
used. Allow the leather to dry
naturally. Do not use heat, steam,
or spot lifters or spot removers,
or shoe polish on leather. Many
commercial leather cleaners and
coatings that are sold to preserve
and protect leather may permanently
change the appearance and
feel of the leather and are not
recommended. Do not use silicone
or wax-based products, or those
containing organic solvents to
clean the vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by
increasing the gloss in a non-uniform
manner.
4. Continue to gently rub the
soiled area.
5. If the soil is not completely
removed, use a mild soap
solution and repeat the cleaning
process with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a
commercial fabric cleaner or spot
lifter may be necessary. Test a small
hidden area for colorfastness before
using a commercial upholstery
cleaner or spot lifter. If the locally
cleaned area gives any impression
that a ring formation may result,
clean the entire surface.
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces
To remove dust, a soft cloth
dampened with water can be used.
If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a clean soft cloth
dampened with a mild soap
solution can be used to gently
remove dust and dirt. Never use
spot lifters or removers on plastic
surfaces. Many commercial cleaners
and coatings that are sold to
preserve and protect soft plastic
surfaces may permanently change
the appearance and feel of the
interior and are not recommended.
Do not use silicone or wax-based
products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean the vehicle’s
interior because they can alter the
appearance by increasing the gloss
in a non-uniform manner.
Vehicle Care
Some commercial products may
increase gloss on the instrument
panel. The increase in gloss may
cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult
to see through the windshield under
certain conditions.
How to Remove and Replace
the Floor Mat
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{ CAUTION
Do not bleach or dye safety belts.
It may severely weaken them.
In a crash, they might not be able
to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Floor Mats
The driver side floor mat is held in
place by two locator hooks.
The floor mat must be properly
placed on the floor so that it does
not block the movement of the
accelerator pedal.
To remove the floor mat, pull up on
the rear of the mat to disconnect
it from the locator hooks.
To reinstall the floor mat, line up the
openings in the floor mat over the
locator hooks and push down
into place.
9-83
9-84
Vehicle Care
✍ NOTES
Service and Maintenance
Service and
Maintenance
General Information
Important: Keep engine oil at the
proper level and change as
recommended.
General Information
General Information .............10-1
Scheduled Maintenance
Scheduled Maintenance ........10-3
Recommended Fluids,
Lubricants, and Parts
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants .......................10-15
Maintenance Replacement
Parts ..............................10-17
Maintenance Records
Maintenance Records .........10-18
Have you purchased the GM
Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements the vehicle warranties.
See the Warranty and Owner
Assistance booklet or your dealer/
retailer for details.
Notice: Maintenance intervals,
checks, inspections, replacement
parts, and recommended fluids
and lubricants as prescribed in
this manual are necessary to
keep this vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused
by failure to follow scheduled
maintenance might not be covered
by the vehicle warranty.
10-1
Proper vehicle maintenance not only
helps to keep the vehicle in good
working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended
maintenance is important. Improper
vehicle maintenance can even affect
the quality of the air we breathe.
Improper fluid levels or the wrong tire
inflation can increase the level of
emissions from the vehicle. To help
protect the environment, and to keep
the vehicle in good condition, be sure
to maintain the vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance
Schedule
We want to help keep this vehicle in
good working condition. But we do
not know exactly how you will drive it.
You might drive very short distances
only a few times a week. Or you
might drive long distances all the
time in very hot, dusty weather.
You might use the vehicle in making
deliveries. Or you might drive it to
work, to do errands, or in many
other ways.
10-2
Service and Maintenance
Because of all the different
ways people use their vehicles,
maintenance needs vary. You might
need more frequent checks and
replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive.
If you have any questions on how to
keep the vehicle in good condition,
see your dealer/retailer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo
within recommended limits on
the Tire and Loading Information
label. See Vehicle Load Limits on
page 8-12.
• are driven on reasonable road
surfaces within legal driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel.
See Recommended Fuel on
page 8-39.
The services in Scheduled
Maintenance on page 10-3 should
be performed when indicated.
{ CAUTION
Performing maintenance work
on a vehicle can be dangerous.
In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you
have the required know-how and
the proper tools and equipment
for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your dealer/retailer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
See Doing Your Own Service
Work on page 9-4.
Some maintenance services can
be complex. So, unless you are
technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, have your
dealer/retailer do these jobs.
When you go to your dealer/retailer
for service, trained and supported
service technicians will perform
the work using genuine parts.
To purchase service information,
see Service Publications Ordering
Information on page 12-12.
The proper replacement parts,
fluids, and lubricants to use are
listed in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15 and
Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 10-17. When the vehicle is
serviced, make sure these are used.
All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you
or anyone else drives the vehicle.
We recommend the use of genuine
parts from your dealer/retailer.
Service and Maintenance
Scheduled
Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule
up to 192 000 km (120,000 miles)
should be repeated after 192 000 km
(120,000 miles) at the same intervals
for the life of this vehicle.
Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency or the California Air
Resources Board has determined
that the failure to perform this
maintenance item will not nullify the
emissions warranty or limit recall
liability prior to the completion of the
vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended
maintenance services be performed
at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes
is during tire rotation. See Tire
Rotation on page 9-55.
10-3
8 000 km (5,000 Miles)
24 000 km (15,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation on
page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Inspect passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
16 000 km (10,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
10-4
Service and Maintenance
32 000 km (20,000 Miles)
48 000 km (30,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 9-16 for
more information.
❑ Check restraint system. Make
sure the safety belt reminder light
and safety belt assemblies are
working properly. Look for any
other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job,
have it repaired. Have any torn
or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also see Safety System Check
on page 2-21.
40 000 km (25,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Replace passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Inspect fuel tank, cap, cap gasket,
and lines for damage or leaks
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Replace parts as
needed. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change manual transmission fluid
every 48 000 km (30,000 miles)
only if your vehicle is used to tow
a trailer.
Service and Maintenance
10-5
56 000 km (35,000 Miles)
72 000 km (45,000 Miles)
80 000 km (50,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Inspect passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid
when doing frequent trailer
towing.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
64 000 km (40,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
88 000 km (55,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
10-6
Service and Maintenance
96 000 km (60,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 9-16 for
more information.
❑ Check restraint system. Make
sure the safety belt reminder light
and safety belt assemblies are
working properly. Look for any
other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job,
have it repaired. Have any torn
or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also see Safety System Check
on page 2-21.
❑ Replace passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Inspect engine accessory drive
belts (or every 48 months,
whichever occurs first). Visually
inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage.
Replace belt if necessary.
An Emission Control Service.
❑ Inspect for tappet noise and
engine vibration. Adjust valve
clearance to factory specifications
if necessary (or every 48 months,
whichever occurs first). An
Emission Control Service.
❑ Inspect fuel tank, cap, cap gasket,
and lines for damage or leaks
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Replace parts as
needed. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change manual transmission fluid
every 48 000 km (30,000 miles)
only if your vehicle is used to tow
a trailer.
❑ Change automatic
transmission fluid every
96 000 km (60,000 miles) if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one
or more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the
outside temperature regularly
reaches 32°C (90°F) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer
towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi,
police, or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under
any of these conditions, the fluid
does not require changing.
See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15 for
the proper fluid to use.
Service and Maintenance
10-7
104 000 km (65,000 Miles)
120 000 km (75,000 Miles)
128 000 km (80,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Inspect passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Inspect engine accessory drive
belts (or 12 months since last
inspection). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
112 000 km (70,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
136 000 km (85,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
10-8
Service and Maintenance
144 000 km (90,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 9-16 for
more information.
❑ Check restraint system. Make
sure the safety belt reminder light
and safety belt assemblies are
working properly. Look for any
other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job,
have it repaired. Have any torn
or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also see Safety System Check
on page 2-21.
❑ Replace passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Inspect engine accessory drive
belts (or 12 months since last
inspection). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Inspect fuel tank, cap, cap gasket,
and lines for damage or leaks
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Replace parts as
needed. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change manual transmission fluid
every 48 000 km (30,000 miles)
only if your vehicle is used to tow
a trailer.
152 000 km (95,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
160 000 km (100,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
Service and Maintenance
10-9
168 000 km (105,000 Miles)
176 000 km (110,000 Miles)
192 000 km (120,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
❑ Inspect passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Inspect engine accessory drive
belts (or every 48 months,
whichever occurs first). Visually
inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage.
Replace belt if necessary.
An Emission Control Service.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 9-16 for
more information.
❑ Replace passenger compartment
air filter.
❑ Change transfer case fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
❑ Change rear differential fluid when
doing frequent trailer towing.
184 000 km (115,000 Miles)
❑ Change engine oil and filter
(or every 3 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Rotation
on page 9-55 for proper rotation
pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter
if vehicle is driven in dusty
conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
10-10
Service and Maintenance
❑ Inspect engine accessory drive
belts (or every 48 months,
whichever occurs first). Visually
inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage.
Replace belt if necessary.
An Emission Control Service.
❑ Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
❑ Inspect for tappet noise and
engine vibration. Adjust valve
clearance to factory specifications
if necessary (or every 48 months,
whichever occurs first). An
Emission Control Service.
❑ Inspect fuel tank, cap, cap gasket,
and lines for damage or leaks
(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Replace parts as
needed. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change manual transmission fluid
every 48 000 km (30,000 miles)
only if your vehicle is used to tow
a trailer.
❑ Change automatic transmission
fluid every 96 000 km
(60,000 miles) if the vehicle is
mainly driven under one or more
of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the
outside temperature regularly
reaches 32°C (90°F) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer
towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi,
police, or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under
any of these conditions, the fluid
does not require changing.
See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15 for
the proper fluid to use.
240 000 km (150,000 Miles)
❑ Drain, flush, and refill the
cooling system (or every
5 years, whichever occurs first).
This service can be complex; you
should have your dealer/retailer
perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 9-19 for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean
radiator, condenser, pressure
cap, and neck. Pressure test
cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
Service and Maintenance
10-11
At Each Fuel Fill
Hood Latch Operation Check
Weatherstrip Lubrication
It is important to perform these
underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Pull the primary hood latch
release handle inside the vehicle.
The secondary latch should keep
the hood from opening all the way
when the primary latch is released.
Make sure the hood closes firmly.
See Hood on page 9-5.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will
make them last longer, seal better,
and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth.
During very cold, damp weather
more frequent application may be
required. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 10-15.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and
add the proper oil if necessary.
See Engine Oil on page 9-9.
Notice: It is important to check
the engine oil regularly and keep it
at the proper level. Failure to keep
the engine oil at the proper level
can cause damage to the engine
not covered by the vehicle
warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and
add DEX-COOL® coolant mixture
if necessary. See Engine Coolant
on page 9-19.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level
Check
Check the windshield washer fluid
level in the windshield washer fluid
reservoir and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See Washer Fluid on
page 9-24.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Fluid Level Check
Inspect the tires and make sure
the tires are inflated to the correct
pressures. Do not forget to check the
spare tire. See Tires on page 9-43.
Check the power steering pump, rear
axle, transfer case, and automatic
or manual transmission fluid levels
and add as needed. See Automatic
Transmission Fluid on page 9-12
or Manual Transmission Fluid on
page 9-14. Check for leaks. A fluid
loss in these systems could indicate
a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired at once.
At Least Twice a Year
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear,
cracking, or contamination. Clean
the windshield and wiper blades,
if contaminated. Replace wiper
blades that are worn or damaged.
See Wiper Blade Replacement on
page 9-30 and Exterior Care on
page 9-75 for more information.
10-12
Service and Maintenance
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinders
with the lubricant specified in
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15.
Seat Operation Check
Make sure the head restraints stay
in position and all seat latches
lock. Check that the recliner holds
by pushing and pulling the seatback
while it is reclined.
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all hood latch assembly,
secondary latch, pivots, spring
anchor, release pawl, hood and
body door hinges, rear compartment,
and any folding seat hardware.
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 10-15 tells
you what to use. More frequent
lubrication might be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment.
Starter Switch Check
See Starter Switch Check on
page 9-30.
Automatic Transmission Shift
Lock Control System Check
{ CAUTION
When you are doing this
inspection, the vehicle could move
suddenly. If the vehicle moves,
you or others could be injured.
1. Before starting this check, be sure
there is enough room around the
vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake.
See Parking Brake on page 8-33.
Be ready to apply the regular
brake immediately if the vehicle
begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the
ignition to ON/RUN, but do not
start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the
shift lever out of P (Park) with
normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of P (Park), contact
your dealer/retailer for service.
Ignition Transmission Lock
Check
While parked, and with the parking
brake set, try to turn the ignition
to LOCK/OFF in each shift
lever position.
• For automatic transmission
vehicles, the ignition should
turn to LOCK/OFF only when
the shift lever is in P (Park).
• For manual transmission
vehicles, the ignition should
turn to LOCK/OFF only if
you push the ignition key in
farther, while turning it toward
LOCK/OFF.
Contact your dealer/retailer if
service is required.
Service and Maintenance
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission P (Park) Mechanism
Check
{ CAUTION
When you are doing this check,
the vehicle could begin to move.
You or others could be injured
and property could be damaged.
Make sure there is room in front
of the vehicle in case it begins to
roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the
vehicle facing downhill. Keeping
your foot on the regular brake, set
the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s
holding ability: With the engine
running and transmission in
N (Neutral), slowly remove foot
pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
• To check the P (Park)
mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift
to P (Park). Then release the
parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Contact your dealer/retailer if
service is required.
10-13
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water
to flush any corrosive materials from
the underbody. Take care to clean
thoroughly any areas where mud and
other debris can collect.
Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
These inspections and services
should be performed at least twice a
year, for instance, each spring and
fall. You should let your dealer/
retailer do these jobs. Make sure any
necessary repairs are completed
at once.
10-14
Service and Maintenance
Proper procedures to perform these
services can be found in a service
manual. See Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 12-12.
• Inspect the front and rear
suspension and steering system
for damaged, loose, or missing
parts or signs of wear. Inspect
power steering cables for proper
hook-up, binding, cracks, chafing,
etc. Clean and then inspect the
drive axle boot seals for damage,
tears, or leakage. Replace seals if
necessary.
• Inspect the complete exhaust
system. Inspect the body near
the exhaust system. Look for
broken, damaged, missing, or
out-of-position parts as well as
open seams, holes, loose
connections, or other conditions
which could cause a heat build-up
in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle.
See Engine Exhaust on
page 8-23.
• Inspect the complete fuel system
for damage or leaks.
• Inspect the cooling system
hoses and have them replaced
if they are cracked, swollen or
deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as
needed. Clean the outside of
the radiator and air conditioning
condenser. To help ensure proper
operation, a pressure test of the
cooling system and pressure cap
is recommended at least once
a year.
• Inspect the throttle system for
interference or binding, and for
damaged or missing parts.
Replace parts as needed.
Replace any components that
have high effort or excessive
wear. Do not lubricate accelerator
and cruise control cables.
• Inspect the complete brake
system. Inspect brake lines
and hoses for proper hook-up,
binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for
wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect other brake
parts, including calipers, parking
brake, etc. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more often
if your driving habits or conditions
result in frequent braking.
Service and Maintenance
10-15
Recommended Fluids, Lubricants, and Parts
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Usage
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Hydraulic Brake/Clutch System
Windshield Washer
Parking Brake Cable Guides
Automatic Transmission
Manual Transmission
Manual Transmission Shift Linkage
Clutch Linkage Pivot Points
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM Standard GM6094M and displays the
American Petroleum Institute Certified for Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol. To determine the proper viscosity for the vehicle’s engine, see
Engine Oil on page 9-9.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and use only DEX-COOL®
Coolant. See Engine Coolant on page 9-19.
Hydraulic Brake Fluid (GM Part No. U.S. 88862806, in Canada 88862807).
Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No. 12377985, in Canada 88901242) or
lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Automatic Transmission Fluid WS ATF (GM Part No. U.S. 88863400,
in Canada 88863401).
GM Goodwrench® Synthetic Manual Transmission Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346190, in Canada 10953477 — 1 quart)
or SAE 75W-90 GL-5 gear oil.
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in Canada 88901242)
or lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in Canada 88901242)
or lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
10-16
Service and Maintenance
Usage
Floor Shift Linkage
Key Lock Cylinders
Chassis Lubrication
Rear Axle (All-Wheel Drive)
Transfer Case (All-Wheel Drive)
Hood Latch Assembly, Secondary
Latch, Pivots, Spring Anchor, and
Release Pawl
Hood and Door Hinges
Weatherstrip Conditioning
Fluid/Lubricant
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol (GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube (GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in Canada 88901242)
or lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S. 12345977, in Canada 10953482)
or SAE 80W-90 GL-5 gear lubricant.
Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S. 89021669, in Canada 89021670)
or SAE 80W-90 GL-5 API Hypoid Gear Lubricant.
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol (GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube (GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S. 3634770, in Canada 10953518)
or Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Service and Maintenance
10-17
Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your dealer/retailer.
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
1.8L L4 Engine
2.4L L4 Engine
Engine Oil Filter
1.8L L4 Engine*
2.4L L4 Engine
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Spark Plugs**
1.8L L4 Engine
2.4L L4 Engine
GM Part Numbers
Other Part Numbers
88975792
88975799
—
—
19185485
88969580
19184673
—
—
—
19185438
SK20HR11†
SK20R11†
IFR6A11††
88969636
*Oil Filter Element Kit includes element and seal.
**The engine is fitted with iridium-tipped spark plugs. Use only iridium-tipped spark plugs for better engine
performance.
† DENSO
†† NGK
10-18
Service and Maintenance
Maintenance Records
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service, and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. Retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Record
Service and Maintenance
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Record
10-19
10-20
Service and Maintenance
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Record
Technical Data
Technical Data
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ....................11-1
Service Parts Identification
Label ...............................11-1
Vehicle Data
Capacities and
Specifications ....................11-2
Engine Drive Belt Routing .....11-4
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN)
11-1
Service Parts
Identification Label
This label is on the inside of the
glove box. It is very helpful if parts
need to be ordered. The label
has the following information:
• Vehicle Identification
This is the legal identifier for the
vehicle. It appears on a plate in the
front corner of the instrument panel,
on the driver side. It can be seen
through the windshield from outside
the vehicle. The VIN also appears on
the Vehicle Certification and Service
Parts labels and the certificates of
title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in the VIN is the
engine code. This code helps identify
the vehicle’s engine, specifications,
and replacement parts. See “Engine
Specifications” under Capacities and
Specifications on page 11-2 for the
vehicle’s engine code.
Number (VIN)
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special
equipment
Do not remove this label from the
vehicle.
11-2
Technical Data
Vehicle Data
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Please refer to Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 10-15 for more information.
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
Cooling System
1.8L L4 Engine
2.4L L4 Engine
Engine Oil with Filter
1.8L L4 Engine
2.4L L4 Engine
Fuel Tank
Capacities
English
Metric
For the air conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
under the hood. See your dealer/retailer for more
information.
5.8 qt
6.0 qt
5.5 L
5.7 L
4.4 qt
4.5 qt
13.2 gal
4.2 L
4.3 L
50 L
Technical Data
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
Transmission, Automatic (Complete Drain and Refill)
1.8L L4 Engine
3.1 qt
2.9 L
2.4L L4 Engine
3.7 qt
3.5 L
Transmission, Manual (Complete Drain and Refill)
1.8L L4 Engine
2.0 qt
1.9 L
2.4L L4 Engine
2.6 qt
2.5 L
Wheel Nut Torque
76 lb ft
103 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual.
Engine Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
1.8L L4
8
Automatic
Manual
0.043 in (1.10 mm)
2.4L L4
0
Automatic
Manual
0.043 in (1.10 mm)
11-3
11-4
Technical Data
Engine Drive Belt
Routing
2.4L L4 Engine
1.8L L4 Engine
The 1.8L L4 engine drive belt
requires a special tool to service.
See your dealer/retailer for service.
Customer Information
Customer
Information
Customer Information
Customer Satisfaction
Procedure .........................12-1
Customer Assistance
Offices ..............................12-3
Customer Assistance for
Text Telephone (TTY)
Users ...............................12-4
Online Owner Center ...........12-4
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program ...........................12-5
Roadside Assistance
Program ...........................12-6
Scheduling Service
Appointments ....................12-8
Courtesy Transportation
Program ...........................12-8
Collision Damage Repair .....12-10
Service Publications
Ordering Information .........12-12
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to
the United States
Government .....................12-13
Reporting Safety Defects
to the Canadian
Government .....................12-13
Reporting Safety Defects
to General Motors ............12-14
Vehicle Data Recording and
Privacy
Vehicle Data Recording
and Privacy .....................12-14
Event Data Recorders ........12-14
OnStar® ............................12-15
Navigation System .............12-15
Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID) ..........12-16
Radio Frequency
Statement (US, Can) ........12-16
12-1
Customer Information
Customer Satisfaction
Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are
important to your dealer and to
Pontiac. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the
operation of the vehicle will be
resolved by the dealer’s sales or
service departments. Sometimes,
however, despite the best intentions
of all concerned, misunderstandings
can occur. If your concern has not
been resolved to your satisfaction,
the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern
with a member of dealership
management. Normally, concerns
can be quickly resolved at that level.
If the matter has already been
reviewed with the sales, service, or
parts manager, contact the owner
of the dealership or the general
manager.
12-2
Customer Information
STEP TWO: If after contacting a
member of dealership management,
it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without
further help, in the U.S., call the
Pontiac Customer Assistance
Center at 1-800-762-2737. In
Canada, call General Motors of
Canada Customer Communication
Centre at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the
toll-free number in order to give your
inquiry prompt attention. Have the
following information available to
give the Customer Assistance
Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). This is available from the
vehicle registration or title, or
the plate at the top left of the
instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present
mileage.
When contacting Pontiac,
remember that your concern will
likely be resolved at a dealer’s
facility. That is why we suggest you
follow Step One first.
case will generally be heard within
40 days. If you do not agree with the
decision given in your case, you may
reject it and proceed with any other
venue for relief available to you.
STEP THREE — U.S. Owners: Both
General Motors and your dealer are
committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your new
vehicle. However, if you continue to
remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and
Two, you can file with the BBB Auto
Line Program to enforce your rights.
You can contact the BBB Auto Line
Program using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following
address:
The BBB Auto Line Program is an
out of court program administered
by the Council of Better Business
Bureaus to settle automotive
disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Although you may
be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior
to filing a court action, use of the
program is free of charge and your
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business
Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
www.dr.bbb.org/goauto
This program is available in all
50 states and the District of
Columbia. Eligibility is limited by
vehicle age, mileage and other
factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or discontinue its
participation in this program.
Customer Information
STEP THREE — Canadian
Owners: In the event that you
do not feel your concerns have
been addressed after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and
Two, General Motors of Canada
Limited wants you to be aware of
its participation in a no-charge
Mediation/Arbitration Program.
General Motors of Canada Limited
has committed to binding arbitration
of owner disputes involving
factory-related vehicle service
claims. The program provides for
the review of the facts involved by
an impartial third party arbiter, and
may include an informal hearing
before the arbiter. The program is
designed so that the entire dispute
settlement process, from the time
you file your complaint to the final
decision, should be completed in
approximately 70 days. We believe
our impartial program offers
advantages over courts in most
jurisdictions because it is informal,
quick, and free of charge.
12-3
For further information concerning
eligibility in the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP),
call toll-free 1-800-207-0685,
or call the General Motors
Customer Communication
Centre, 1-800-263-3777 (English),
1-800-263-7854 (French), or write to:
Customer Assistance
Offices
Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication
Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
United States — Customer
Assistance
Your inquiry should be accompanied
by the Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN).
Pontiac encourages customers
to call the toll-free number for
assistance. However, if a customer
wishes to write or e-mail Pontiac,
the letter should be addressed to:
Pontiac Customer Assistance
Center
P.O. Box 33172
Detroit, MI 48232-5172
www.Pontiac.com
1-800-762-2737 or
1-800-833-7668 (For Text
Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance:
1-800-ROADSIDE (762-3743)
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
12-4
Customer Information
Canada — Customer
Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre,
CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
www.gmcanada.com
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text
Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance:
1-800-268-6800
Overseas — Customer
Assistance
Please contact the local General
Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S.
Virgin Islands) — Customer
Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de
R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma #2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
Customer Assistance
for Text Telephone (TTY)
Users
To assist customers who are deaf,
hard of hearing, or speech-impaired
and who use Text Telephones
(TTYs), Pontiac has TTY equipment
available at its Customer Assistance
Center. Any TTY user in the U.S. can
communicate with Pontiac by dialing:
1-800-833-PONT (7668). (TTY users
in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Online Owner Center
Online Owner Center (U.S.) —
www.gmownercenter.com/pontiac
Information and services customized
for your specific vehicle — all in
one convenient place.
• Digital owner manual, warranty
information, and more
• Online service and maintenance
records
• Find Pontiac dealers for service
nationwide
• Exclusive privileges and offers
• Recall notices for your specific
vehicle
• OnStar® and GM Cardmember
Services Earnings summaries
Customer Information
Other Helpful Links:
Pontiac — www.pontiac.com
Pontiac Merchandise —
www.pontiacmall.com
Help Center — www.pontiac.com/
helpcenter
• FAQ
• Contact Us
My GM Canada
(Canada) — www.gm.ca
My GM Canada is a
password-protected section
of www.gm.ca where you can
save information on GM vehicles,
get personalized offers, and use
handy tools and forms with
greater ease.
Here are a few of the valuable tools
and services you will have access to:
• My Showroom: Find and save
12-5
GM Mobility
Reimbursement Program
information on vehicles and
current offers in your area.
• My Dealers/Retailers: Save
details such as address and
phone number for each of your
preferred GM dealers/retailers.
• My Driveway: Access quick links
to parts and service estimates,
check trade-in values, or schedule
a service appointment by adding
the vehicles you own to your
driveway profile.
• My Preferences: Manage your
profile and use tools and forms
with greater ease.
To sign up, visit the My GM Canada
section within www.gm.ca.
This program, available to qualified
applicants, can reimburse you up
to $1,000 of the cost of eligible
aftermarket adaptive equipment
required for your vehicle, such as
hand controls or a wheelchair/
scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very
limited period of time from the date of
vehicle purchase/lease. For more
details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, visit www.gmmobility.com
or call the GM Mobility Assistance
Center at 1-800-323-9935. Text
telephone (TTY) users, call
1-800-833-9935.
12-6
Customer Information
General Motors of Canada
also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483)
for details. TTY users call
1-800-263-3830.
Roadside Assistance
Program
For U.S. purchased vehicles, call
1-800-ROADSIDE (762-3743); (Text
telephone (TTY): 1-888-889-2438).
For Canadian purchased vehicles,
call 1-800-268-6800.
Service is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year.
Calling for Assistance
When calling Roadside Assistance,
have the following information ready:
• Your name, home address, and
home telephone number
• Telephone number of your
location
• Location of the vehicle
• Model, year, color, and license
plate number of the vehicle
• Odometer reading, Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN), and
delivery date of the vehicle
• Description of the problem
Coverage
Services are provided up to
5 years/100,000 miles (160 000 km),
whichever comes first.
In the U.S., anyone driving the
vehicle is covered. In Canada, a
person driving the vehicle without
permission from the owner is
not covered.
Roadside Assistance is not a part of
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Pontiac and General Motors of
Canada Limited reserve the right to
make any changes or discontinue
the Roadside Assistance program at
any time without notification.
Pontiac and General Motors of
Canada Limited reserve the right to
limit services or payment to an owner
or driver if they decide the claims are
made too often, or the same type of
claim is made many times.
Services Provided
• Emergency Fuel Delivery:
Delivery of enough fuel for
the vehicle to get to the nearest
service station.
• Lock-Out Service: Service is
provided to unlock the vehicle if
you are locked out. A remote
unlock may be available if you
have OnStar®. For security
reasons, the driver must present
identification before this service is
given.
• Emergency Tow From a Public
Road or Highway: Tow to the
nearest Pontiac dealer for
warranty service, or if the vehicle
was in a crash and cannot be
driven. Assistance is also given
when the vehicle is stuck in sand,
mud, or snow.
Customer Information
• Flat Tire Change: Service is
provided to change a flat tire
with the spare tire. The spare tire,
if equipped, must be in good
condition and properly inflated.
It is the owner’s responsibility for
the repair or replacement of the
tire if it is not covered by the
warranty.
• Battery Jump Start: Service is
provided to jump start a dead
battery.
Services Not Included in
Roadside Assistance
• Impound towing caused by
violation of any laws.
• Legal fines.
• Mounting, dismounting or
changing of snow tires, chains,
or other traction devices.
• Towing or services for vehicles
driven on a non-public road or
highway.
Services Specific to Canadian
Purchased Vehicles
• Fuel delivery: Reimbursement
is approximately $5 Canadian.
Diesel fuel delivery may be
restricted. Propane and other
fuels are not provided through
this service.
• Lock-Out Service: Vehicle
registration is required.
• Trip Routing Service: Detailed
maps of North America are
provided when requested either
with the most direct route or
the most scenic route. There is
a limit of six requests per year.
Additional travel information is
also available. Allow three weeks
for delivery.
12-7
• Trip Interruption Benefits
and Assistance: Must be over
250 Kilometres from where your
trip was started to qualify. General
Motors of Canada Limited
requires pre-authorization,
original detailed receipts, and a
copy of the repair order. Once
authorization has been received,
the Roadside Assistance advisor
will help you make arrangements
and explain how to receive
payment.
• Alternative Service:
If assistance cannot be provided
right away, the Roadside
Assistance advisor may give you
permission to get local emergency
road service. You will receive
payment, up to $100, after
sending the original receipt to
Roadside Assistance. Mechanical
failures may be covered, however
any cost for parts and labor for
repairs not covered by the
warranty are the owner
responsibility.
12-8
Customer Information
Scheduling Service
Appointments
Courtesy Transportation
Program
When your vehicle requires warranty
service, contact your dealer/retailer
and request an appointment. By
scheduling a service appointment
and advising your service consultant
of your transportation needs, your
dealer/retailer can help minimize
your inconvenience.
To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating
dealers are proud to offer Courtesy
Transportation, a customer support
program for vehicles with the Bumper
to Bumper (Base Warranty Coverage
period in Canada) and extended
powertrain, and hybrid specific
warranty in both the U.S. and
Canada.
If your vehicle cannot be
scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep
driving it until it can be scheduled
for service, unless, of course, the
problem is safety-related. If it is,
please call your dealership/retailer,
let them know this, and ask for
instructions.
If the dealer/retailer requests you to
bring the vehicle for service, you
are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow
for the same day repair.
Several courtesy transportation
options are available to assist
in reducing your inconvenience
when warranty repairs are required.
Courtesy Transportation is not a
part of the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. A separate booklet
entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished
with each new vehicle provides
detailed warranty coverage
information.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be
completed while you wait. However,
if you are unable to wait, GM helps
to minimize your inconvenience by
providing several transportation
options. Depending on the
circumstances, your dealer can
offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Shuttle service is the preferred
means of offering Courtesy
Transportation. Dealers may provide
you with shuttle service to get you
to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule.
This includes one-way or round trip
shuttle service within reasonable
time and distance parameters of the
dealer’s area.
Customer Information
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight
warranty repairs, and public
transportation is used instead of
the dealer’s shuttle service, the
expense must be supported by
original receipts and can only be up
to the maximum amount allowed by
GM for shuttle service. In addition,
for U.S. customers, should you
arrange transportation through
a friend or relative, limited
reimbursement for reasonable
fuel expenses may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual
costs and be supported by original
receipts. See your dealer for
information regarding the allowance
amounts for reimbursement of fuel
or other transportation costs.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or
reimburse you for a rental vehicle
that you obtain if your vehicle is kept
for an overnight warranty repair.
Rental reimbursement will be limited
and must be supported by original
receipts. This requires that you sign
and complete a rental agreement
and meet state/provincial, local,
and rental vehicle provider
requirements. Requirements vary
and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc. You are responsible
for fuel usage charges and may also
be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage, or
rental usage beyond the completion
of the repair.
It may not be possible to provide a
like-vehicle as a courtesy rental.
12-9
Additional Program
Information
All program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at
every dealer. Please contact your
dealer for specific information
about availability. All Courtesy
Transportation arrangements will
be administered by appropriate
dealer personnel.
General Motors reserves the right
to unilaterally modify, change or
discontinue Courtesy Transportation
at any time and to resolve all
questions of claim eligibility pursuant
to the terms and conditions
described herein at its sole
discretion.
12-10
Customer Information
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a
collision and it is damaged, have
the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper
equipment and quality replacement
parts. Poorly performed collision
repairs diminish your vehicle’s resale
value, and safety performance can
be compromised in subsequent
collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new
parts made with the same materials
and construction methods as the
parts with which your vehicle was
originally built. Genuine GM Collision
parts are your best choice to ensure
that your vehicle’s designed
appearance, durability, and safety
are preserved. The use of Genuine
GM parts can help maintain your
GM New Vehicle Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts
may also be used for repair. These
parts are typically removed from
vehicles that were total losses in
prior crashes. In most cases, the
parts being recycled are from
undamaged sections of the vehicle.
A recycled original equipment GM
part, may be an acceptable choice to
maintain your vehicle’s originally
designed appearance and safety
performance, however, the history of
these parts is not known. Such parts
are not covered by your GM New
Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any
related failures are not covered by
that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are
also available. These are made
by companies other than GM and
may not have been tested for your
vehicle. As a result, these parts
may fit poorly, exhibit premature
durability/corrosion problems,
and may not perform properly in
subsequent collisions. Aftermarket
parts are not covered by your GM
New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and
any vehicle failure related to such
parts are not covered by that
warranty.
Repair Facility
We recommend that you choose a
collision repair facility that meets
your needs before you ever need
collision repairs. Your dealer/retailer
may have a collision repair center
with GM-trained technicians and
state of the art equipment, or be able
to recommend a collision repair
center that has GM-trained
technicians and comparable
equipment.
Customer Information
Insuring Your Vehicle
Protect your investment in your
GM vehicle with comprehensive
and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in
the quality of coverage afforded by
various insurance policy terms. Many
insurance policies provide reduced
protection to your GM vehicle by
limiting compensation for damage
repairs by using aftermarket collision
parts. Some insurance companies
will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance,
we recommend that you assure your
vehicle will be repaired with GM
original equipment collision parts.
If such insurance coverage is not
available from your current insurance
carrier, consider switching to another
insurance carrier.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing
company may require you to have
insurance that assures repairs with
Genuine GM Original Equipment
Manufacturer (OEM) parts or
Genuine Manufacturer replacement
parts. Read your lease carefully, as
you may be charged at the end of
your lease for poor quality repairs.
If a Crash Occurs
If there has been an injury, call
emergency services for help. Do not
leave the scene of a crash until all
matters have been taken care of.
Move the vehicle only if its position
puts you in danger, or you are
instructed to move it by a police
officer.
Give only the necessary information
to police and other parties involved
in the crash.
For emergency towing see Roadside
Assistance Program on page 12-6.
12-11
Gather the following information:
• Driver’s name, address, phone
number
• Driver’s license number
• Owner’s name, address, phone
number
• Vehicle license plate
• Vehicle make, model and
model year
• Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN)
• Insurance company and policy
number
• General description of the
damage to the other vehicle
Choose a reputable repair facility
that uses quality replacement parts.
See “Collision Parts” earlier in
this section.
If the airbag has inflated, see What
Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates? on page 2-28.
12-12
Customer Information
Managing the Vehicle Damage
Repair Process
In the event that your vehicle
requires damage repairs, GM
recommends that you take an
active role in its repair. If you have
a pre-determined repair facility of
choice, take your vehicle there, or
have it towed there. Specify to the
facility that any required replacement
collision parts be original equipment
parts, either new Genuine GM parts
or recycled original GM parts.
Remember, recycled parts will
not be covered by your GM vehicle
warranty.
Insurance pays the bill for the repair,
but you must live with the repair.
Depending on your policy limits, your
insurance company may initially
value the repair using aftermarket
parts. Discuss this with your repair
professional, and insist on Genuine
GM parts. Remember if your vehicle
is leased you may be obligated to
have the vehicle repaired with
Genuine GM parts, even if your
insurance coverage does not pay
the full cost.
If another party’s insurance company
is paying for the repairs, you are not
obligated to accept a repair valuation
based on that insurance company’s
collision policy repair limits, as you
have no contractual limits with that
company. In such cases, you can
have control of the repair and parts
choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
Service Publications
Ordering Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis
and repair information on engines,
transmission, axle suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give additional
technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General
Motors cars and trucks. Each bulletin
contains instructions to assist in
the diagnosis and service of your
vehicle.
Owner Information
Owner publications are written
specifically for owners and intended
to provide basic operational
information about the vehicle.
The owner manual includes the
Maintenance Schedule for all
models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio,
Owner Manual, and Warranty
Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:
$35.00 (U.S.) plus processing fee
Without Portfolio: Owner
Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:
$25.00 (U.S.) plus processing fee
Customer Information
Current and Past Model Order
Forms
Technical Service Bulletins and
Manuals are available for current
and past model GM vehicles.
To request an order form, specify
year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE:
1-800-551-4123 Monday-Friday
8:00 AM - 6:00 PM Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit
Helm, Inc. on the World Wide
Web at: helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change
without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for
delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All
listed prices are quoted in U.S.
funds. Canadian residents are to
make checks payable in U.S. funds.
Reporting Safety
Defects
Reporting Safety Defects
to the United States
Government
If you believe that your vehicle
has a defect which could cause
a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately
inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar
complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and
remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between
you, your dealer/retailer, or
General Motors.
12-13
To contact NHTSA, you may
call the Vehicle Safety Hotline
toll-free at 1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
safercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E.
Washington D.C., 20590
You can also obtain other
information about motor vehicle
safety from safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects
to the Canadian
Government
If you live in Canada, and you
believe that your vehicle has a safety
defect, notify Transport Canada
immediately, in addition to notifying
General Motors of Canada Limited.
Call them at 1-800-333-0510 or
write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
12-14
Customer Information
Reporting Safety Defects
to General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or
Transport Canada) in a situation like
this, please notify General Motors.
Call 1-800-762-2737, or write:
Pontiac Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33172
Detroit, MI 48232-5172
In Canada, call 1-800-263-3777
(English) or 1-800-263-7854
(French), or write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre,
CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Vehicle Data
Recording and
Privacy
Your GM vehicle has a number
of sophisticated computers that
record information about the
vehicle’s performance and how
it is driven. For example, your
vehicle uses computer modules
to monitor and control engine and
transmission performance, to monitor
the conditions for airbag deployment
and deploy airbags in a crash and,
if so equipped, to provide antilock
braking to help the driver control the
vehicle. These modules may store
data to help your dealer/retailer
technician service your vehicle.
Some modules may also store data
about how you operate the vehicle,
such as rate of fuel consumption or
average speed. These modules may
also retain the owner’s personal
preferences, such as radio pre-sets,
seat positions, and temperature
settings.
Event Data Recorders
This vehicle has an Event Data
Recorder (EDR). The main purpose
of an EDR is to record, in certain
crash or near crash-like situations,
such as an airbag deployment or
hitting a road obstacle, data that
will assist in understanding how a
vehicle’s systems performed. The
EDR is designed to record data
related to vehicle dynamics and
safety systems for a short period of
time, typically 30 seconds or less.
The EDR in this vehicle is designed
to record such data as:
• How various systems in your
vehicle were operating
• Whether or not the driver and
passenger safety belts were
buckled/fastened
• How far, if at all, the driver was
pressing the accelerator and/or
brake pedal
• How fast the vehicle was traveling
Customer Information
This data can help provide a better
understanding of the circumstances
in which crashes and injuries occur.
Important: EDR data is recorded
by your vehicle only if a non-trivial
crash situation occurs; no data is
recorded by the EDR under normal
driving conditions and no personal
data (e.g., name, gender, age,
and crash location) is recorded.
However, other parties, such as law
enforcement, could combine the
EDR data with the type of personally
identifying data routinely acquired
during a crash investigation.
To read data recorded by an EDR,
special equipment is required, and
access to the vehicle or the EDR
is needed. In addition to the vehicle
manufacturer, other parties, such
as law enforcement, that have the
special equipment, can read the
information if they have access to
the vehicle or the EDR.
GM will not access this data or
share it with others except: with the
consent of the vehicle owner or, if
the vehicle is leased, with the
consent of the lessee; in response
to an official request of police or
similar government office; as part of
GM’s defense of litigation through
the discovery process; or, as
required by law. Data that GM
collects or receives may also be
used for GM research needs or may
be made available to others for
research purposes, where a need is
shown and the data is not tied to a
specific vehicle or vehicle owner.
12-15
OnStar®
If your vehicle has OnStar and you
subscribe to the OnStar services,
please refer to the OnStar Terms and
Conditions for information on data
collection and use. See also OnStar®
System on page 4-23 in this manual
for more information.
Navigation System
If your vehicle has a navigation
system, use of the system may
result in the storage of destinations,
addresses, telephone numbers, and
other trip information. Refer to the
navigation system operating manual
for information on stored data and for
deletion instructions.
12-16
Customer Information
Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID)
Radio Frequency
Statement (US, Can)
RFID technology is used in some
vehicles for functions such as tire
pressure monitoring and ignition
system security, as well as in
connection with conveniences such
as key fobs for remote door locking/
unlocking and starting, and in-vehicle
transmitters for garage door openers.
RFID technology in GM vehicles
does not use or record personal
information or link with any other
GM system containing personal
information.
This vehicle has systems that
operate on a radio frequency that
comply with Part 15 of the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with RSS-210/211 of
Industry and Science Canada.
Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. The device may not cause
interference.
2. The device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to any of
these systems by other than an
authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
INDEX
A
Accessories and
Modifications ...................... 9-3
Accessory Power ................. 8-18
Adding Equipment to the
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .... 2-35
Add-On Electrical
Equipment ....................... 8-50
Adjustments
Seat, Front ........................ 2-4
Seat, Initial Drive ................ 2-3
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ....... 9-16
Air Filter, Passenger
Compartment ..................... 7-4
Air Vents .............................. 7-4
Airbag System
Check ............................. 2-36
How Does an Airbag
Restrain? ..................... 2-28
Passenger Sensing
System ........................ 2-29
What Makes an Airbag
Inflate? ........................ 2-27
Airbag System (cont.)
What Will You See After
an Airbag Inflates? ........ 2-28
When Should an Airbag
Inflate? ........................ 2-26
Where Are the Airbags? ..... 2-24
Airbags
Adding Equipment to the
Vehicle ........................ 2-35
Passenger Status
Indicator ....................... 4-13
Readiness Light ................ 4-12
Servicing Airbag-Equipped
Vehicles ....................... 2-34
System Check .................. 2-23
Alarm System
Anti-Theft .......................... 1-7
All-Wheel Drive ............ 8-31, 9-29
All-Wheel-Drive Service
Light ............................... 4-18
AM-FM Radio ........................ 6-4
Antenna
Satellite Radio ................... 6-9
Antilock Brake
System (ABS) .................. 8-32
Warning Light ................... 4-17
i-1
Anti-Theft
Alarm System .................... 1-7
Appearance Care
Exterior ........................... 9-75
Interior ............................ 9-80
Ashtrays ............................... 4-8
Assistance Program,
Roadside ......................... 12-6
Audio Players ........................ 6-9
CD ................................... 6-9
MP3 ............................... 6-11
Audio System
Fixed Mast Antenna ............ 6-8
Audio Systems
Radio Reception ................. 6-8
Automatic
Headlamp System .............. 5-3
Automatic
Transmission ............ 8-24, 8-27
Fluid ............................... 9-12
Manual Mode ................... 8-28
Auxiliary Devices .................. 6-14
i-2
INDEX
B
C
Battery ............................... 9-28
Jump Starting ................... 9-69
Power Protection ................ 5-5
Blade Replacement, Wiper .... 9-30
Brakes ............................... 9-26
Antilock ........................... 8-32
Fluid ............................... 9-27
Parking ........................... 8-33
Braking ................................ 8-4
Break-In, New Vehicle .......... 8-16
Bulb Replacement ................ 9-37
Fog Lamps ........................ 5-4
Halogen Bulbs .................. 9-33
Headlamp Aiming .............. 9-32
Headlamps ...................... 9-33
Headlamps and Parking
Lamps ......................... 9-33
License Plate Lamps ......... 9-36
Taillamps ......................... 9-35
Buying New Tires ................. 9-56
California
Fuel Requirements ............ 8-39
Perchlorate Materials
Requirements ................. 9-3
Warning ............................ 9-2
Canadian Vehicle Owners .......... ii
Capacities and
Specifications ................... 11-2
Carbon Monoxide
Engine Exhaust ................ 8-23
Liftgate ............................. 1-6
Winter Driving .................... 8-9
Cargo
Cover ............................... 3-2
Management System .......... 3-4
Tie Downs ......................... 3-4
Cautions, Danger, and
Warnings ............................. iii
CD Player ............................ 6-9
Center Console Storage ......... 3-2
Chains, Tire ........................ 9-61
Charging System Light .......... 4-14
Check Engine Lamp ............. 4-14
Child Restraints
Infants and Young
Children ....................... 2-38
Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children .................. 2-45
Older Children .................. 2-37
Securing .................. 2-51, 2-53
Systems .......................... 2-41
Where to Put the
Restraint ...................... 2-43
Cigarette Lighter .................... 4-8
Circuit Breakers ................... 9-38
Climate Control Systems ......... 7-1
Cluster, IP ............................ 4-9
Clutch, Hydraulic .................. 9-15
Collision Damage Repair ..... 12-10
Compact Spare Tire ............. 9-68
Control of a Vehicle ............... 8-3
Coolant
Engine ............................ 9-19
Engine Temperature Gage ... 4-11
Cooling System ................... 9-19
Courtesy Transportation
Program .......................... 12-8
INDEX
Covers
Cargo ............................... 3-2
Cruise Control ..................... 8-36
Light ............................... 4-21
Cupholders ........................... 3-1
Customer Assistance ............ 12-4
Offices ............................ 12-3
Text Telephone (TTY)
Users .......................... 12-4
Customer Information
Service Publications
Ordering Information ..... 12-12
Customer Satisfaction
Procedure ........................ 12-1
D
Damage Repair, Collision .... 12-10
Danger, Warnings, and
Cautions .............................. iii
Data Recorders
Event ............................ 12-14
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) ..................... 5-2
Defensive Driving ................... 8-2
Devices, Auxiliary ................. 6-14
Dome Lamps ........................ 5-4
Door
Ajar Light ........................ 4-21
Locks ............................... 1-5
Power Locks ...................... 1-6
Drive Systems
All-Wheel Drive ........ 8-31, 9-29
Driving
Better Fuel Economy .......... 8-2
Characteristics and
Towing Tips .................. 8-44
Defensive .......................... 8-2
Drunk ............................... 8-3
Highway Hypnosis .............. 8-8
Hill and Mountain Roads ..... 8-8
If the Vehicle is Stuck ....... 8-11
Loss of Control .................. 8-6
Off-Road Recovery ............. 8-6
Vehicle Load Limits ........... 8-12
Winter .............................. 8-9
i-3
E
Electrical Equipment
Add-On Equipment ............ 8-50
Electrical System
Engine Compartment Fuse
Block ........................... 9-38
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers ...................... 9-38
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block ........................... 9-41
Overload ......................... 9-37
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ............... 9-16
Check and Service Engine
Soon Lamp .................. 4-14
Compartment Overview ....... 9-6
Coolant ........................... 9-19
Coolant
Temperature Gage ......... 4-11
Cooling System ................ 9-19
Drive Belt Routing ............. 11-4
Exhaust ........................... 8-23
Oil ................................... 9-9
Overheating ..................... 9-23
i-4
INDEX
Engine (cont.)
Pressure Light .................. 4-19
Running While Parked ....... 8-24
Starting ........................... 8-18
Entry Lighting ........................ 5-5
Equipment, Towing ............... 8-49
Event Data Recorders ......... 12-14
Extender, Safety Belt ............ 2-21
Exterior Care ....................... 9-75
Exterior Lamp Controls ........... 5-1
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ............ 9-16
Flashers, Hazard Warning ....... 5-3
Flash-to-Pass ........................ 5-2
Flat Tire .............................. 9-62
Flat Tire, Changing ............... 9-63
Floor Mats .......................... 9-83
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ..... 9-12
Brakes ............................ 9-27
Power Steering ................. 9-24
Washer ........................... 9-24
Fog Lamps
Bulb Replacement .............. 5-4
Light ............................... 4-20
Folding Mirrors .................... 1-10
Folding Seatback ................... 2-6
Front Seat Position Seats
Adjustment ........................ 2-3
Front Seats
Adjustment ........................ 2-4
Front Storage ........................ 3-2
Fuel ................................... 8-38
Additives ......................... 8-40
Economy Driving ................ 8-2
Filling a Portable Fuel
Container ..................... 8-43
Filling the Tank ................. 8-41
Fuels in Foreign
Countries ..................... 8-40
Gage .............................. 4-10
Gasoline Specifications ...... 8-39
Low Fuel Warning Light ..... 4-20
Recommended ................. 8-39
Requirements, California .... 8-39
Fuses
Engine Compartment Fuse
Block ........................... 9-38
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers ...................... 9-38
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block ........................... 9-41
G
Gages
Engine Coolant
Temperature ................. 4-11
Fuel ................................ 4-10
Odometer ........................ 4-10
Speedometer ................... 4-10
Tachometer ...................... 4-10
Trip Odometer .................. 4-10
Warning Lights and
Indicators ....................... 4-8
Gasoline
Specifications ................... 8-39
General Information
Service and Maintenance ... 10-1
Towing ............................ 8-43
Vehicle Care ...................... 9-2
Glove Box ............................ 3-1
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program .......................... 12-5
INDEX
H
I
Halogen Bulbs ..................... 9-33
Hazard Warning Flashers ........ 5-3
Head Restraints ..................... 2-2
Active ............................... 2-3
Headlamps
Aiming ............................ 9-32
Automatic .......................... 5-3
Bulb Replacement ............. 9-33
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) .................. 5-2
Flash-to-Pass ..................... 5-2
High-Beam On Light ......... 4-20
High/Low Beam Changer ..... 5-2
Lamps On Reminder ......... 4-20
Parking Lamps ................. 9-33
High-Beam On Light ............. 4-20
Highway Hypnosis ................. 8-8
Hill and Mountain Roads ......... 8-8
Hood ................................... 9-5
Hooks and Load Rails ............ 3-4
Horn .................................... 4-5
How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly .......................... 2-12
Hydraulic Clutch ................... 9-15
Ignition Positions .................. 8-16
Illumination Control ................ 5-4
Immobilizer ........................... 1-9
Infants and Young Children,
Restraints ........................ 2-38
Instrument Cluster .................. 4-9
Instrument Panel ................... 5-4
Interior Care ........................ 9-80
Introduction .............................. ii
J
Jump Starting ...................... 9-69
K
Keyless Entry System ............ 1-3
Keys .................................... 1-2
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall .......... 9-44
Lamps
Daytime Running (DRL) ....... 5-2
Dome ............................... 5-4
Exterior Controls ................ 5-1
i-5
Lamps (cont.)
Headlamps and Parking
Lamps ......................... 9-33
License Plate ................... 9-36
Malfunction Indicator ......... 4-14
On Reminder ................... 4-20
Reading ............................ 5-5
Taillamps ......................... 9-35
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................ 2-18
Latch, Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children ........... 2-45
LATCH System
Replacing Parts After a
Crash .......................... 2-51
Liftgate
Carbon Monoxide ............... 1-6
Lighter, Cigarette ................... 4-8
Lighting
Entry ................................ 5-5
Lights
Airbag Readiness ............. 4-12
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) Warning .............. 4-17
Charging System .............. 4-14
Cruise Control .................. 4-21
Door Ajar ......................... 4-21
i-6
INDEX
Lights (cont.)
Engine Oil Pressure .......... 4-19
Flash-to-Pass ..................... 5-2
Fog Lamps ...................... 4-20
High-Beam On ................. 4-20
High/Low Beam Changer ..... 5-2
Low Fuel Warning ............. 4-20
Low Washer Fluid
Warning ....................... 4-21
Safety Belt Reminders ....... 4-11
Security ........................... 4-20
Service All-Wheel-Drive ...... 4-18
Speed Sensitive Power
Steering (SSPS)
Warning ....................... 4-18
StabiliTrak® Indicator ......... 4-18
Taillamp Indicator .............. 4-21
Tire Pressure ................... 4-19
Traction Control System
(TCS) Warning .............. 4-19
Load Rails and Hooks ............ 3-4
Locks
Door ................................. 1-5
Power Door ....................... 1-6
Safety ............................... 1-6
Loss of Control ..................... 8-6
Low Fuel Warning Light ........ 4-20
Low Washer Fluid Warning
Light ............................... 4-21
Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children (LATCHE
SYSTEM) ........................ 2-45
M
Maintenance
Records ......................... 10-18
Replacement Parts .......... 10-17
Maintenance Schedule
Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants ............ 10-15
Scheduled Maintenance ..... 10-3
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .... 4-14
Manual Mode ...................... 8-28
Manual Transmission ............ 8-29
Fluid ............................... 9-14
Mirrors
Folding ............................ 1-10
Manual Rearview .............. 1-11
Outlets ....................... 4-6, 4-7
Power ............................. 1-10
Monitor System, Tire
Pressure ......................... 9-50
MP3 ................................... 6-11
N
Navigation System
Vehicle Data Recording
and Privacy ................ 12-15
New Vehicle Break-In ........... 8-16
O
Odometer ........................... 4-10
Trip ................................ 4-10
Off-Road
Recovery .......................... 8-6
Oil
Pressure Light .................. 4-19
Oil, Engine ........................... 9-9
Older Children, Restraints ...... 2-37
Online Owner Center ............ 12-4
OnStar® System .................. 4-23
Operation, Infotainment
System ............................. 6-2
Outlets
Power ........................ 4-6, 4-7
Overheating, Engine ............. 9-23
INDEX
P
Park
Shifting Into ..................... 8-20
Shifting Out of .................. 8-22
Parking ............................... 8-22
Brake .............................. 8-33
Over Things That Burn ...... 8-23
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator .......................... 4-13
Passenger Compartment Air
Filter ................................ 7-4
Passenger Sensing System ... 2-29
Perchlorate Materials
Requirements, California ...... 9-3
Power
Door Locks ........................ 1-6
Mirrors ............................ 1-10
Protection, Battery .............. 5-5
Retained
Accessory (RAP) ........... 8-18
Steering Fluid ................... 9-24
Windows ......................... 1-12
Power Steering Fluid ............ 9-24
Pregnancy, Using Safety
Belts ............................... 2-20
Privacy
Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID) ..... 12-16
Program
Courtesy Transportation ..... 12-8
Proposition 65 Warning,
California .......................... 9-2
R
Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID) ......... 12-16
Statement ...................... 12-16
Radios
AM-FM Radio .................... 6-4
Reception .......................... 6-8
Satellite ............................ 6-6
Reading Lamps ..................... 5-5
Rear Seats ........................... 2-7
Rear Window Washer/Wiper .... 4-6
Rearview Mirrors .................. 1-11
Reclining Seatbacks ............... 2-4
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants ...................... 10-15
Recommended Fuel ............. 8-39
Records
Maintenance ................... 10-18
Recreational Vehicle Towing ... 9-73
i-7
Reimbursement Program, GM
Mobility ........................... 12-5
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System ............................. 1-3
Replacement Bulbs .............. 9-37
Replacement Parts
Airbags ........................... 2-36
Replacement Parts,
Maintenance ................... 10-17
Replacing Airbag System ...... 2-36
Replacing LATCH System
Parts After a Crash ........... 2-51
Replacing Safety Belt System
Parts After a Crash ............ 2-22
Reporting Safety Defects
General Motors ............... 12-14
U.S. Government ............ 12-13
Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) .................... 8-18
Roadside Assistance
Program .......................... 12-6
Roof
Sunroof ........................... 1-13
Roof Rack ............................ 3-5
Rotation, Tires ..................... 9-55
Routing, Engine Drive Belt .... 11-4
Running the Vehicle While
Parked ............................ 8-24
i-8
INDEX
S
Safety Belts .......................... 2-8
Care ............................... 2-22
Extender ......................... 2-21
How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly ....................... 2-12
Lap-Shoulder Belt ............. 2-18
Reminders ....................... 4-11
Replacing After a Crash ..... 2-22
Use During Pregnancy ...... 2-20
Safety Defects Reporting
General Motors ............... 12-14
U.S. Government ............ 12-13
Safety Locks ......................... 1-6
Safety System Check ........... 2-21
Satellite Radio ....................... 6-6
Satellite Radio Antenna .......... 6-9
Scheduled Maintenance ........ 10-3
Scheduling Appointments ....... 12-8
Seats
Adjustment, Front ............... 2-4
Folding Seatback ................ 2-6
Head Restraints ................. 2-2
Position, Front ................... 2-3
Rear ................................. 2-7
Reclining Seatbacks ............ 2-4
Securing Child
Restraints ................ 2-51, 2-53
Security
Light ............................... 4-20
Vehicle ............................. 1-7
Service
Accessories and
Modifications .................. 9-3
All-Wheel-Drive Light ......... 4-18
Engine Soon Lamp ........... 4-14
Maintenance, General
Information ................... 10-1
Parts Identification Label .... 11-1
Publications Ordering
Information ................. 12-12
Scheduling Appointments ... 12-8
Service and Maintenance
Records ......................... 10-18
Service, Doing Your Own
Work ................................ 9-4
Servicing the Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ............................ 2-34
Shifting
Into Park ......................... 8-20
Out of Park ..................... 8-22
Signals, Turn and
Lane-Change ..................... 5-3
Spare Tire
Compact ......................... 9-68
Specifications and
Capacities ....................... 11-2
Speed Sensitive Power
Steering (SSPS)
Warning Light ................... 4-18
Speedometer ....................... 4-10
StabiliTrak System ................ 8-35
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ..... 4-18
Starter Switch Check ............ 9-30
Starting the Engine .............. 8-18
Steering ............................... 8-4
Fluid, Power .................... 9-24
Steering Wheel Adjustment ..... 4-4
Steering Wheel Controls ......... 4-4
Storage Areas
Cargo Cover ...................... 3-2
Cargo Management
System .......................... 3-4
Center Console .................. 3-2
Front ................................ 3-2
Glove Box ......................... 3-1
Roof Rack ......................... 3-5
Stuck Vehicle ...................... 8-11
Sun Visors .......................... 1-12
Sunroof .............................. 1-13
Symbols ................................. iii
INDEX
T
Tachometer ......................... 4-10
Taillamp Indicator Light ......... 4-21
Taillamps ............................ 9-35
Text Telephone (TTY) Users .... 12-4
Theft-Deterrent Systems ......... 1-9
Immobilizer ........................ 1-9
Tire
Pressure ......................... 9-49
Tires
Buying New Tires ............. 9-56
Chains ............................ 9-61
Changing ......................... 9-63
Compact Spare ................ 9-68
Designations .................... 9-46
Different Size ................... 9-58
If a Tire Goes Flat ............ 9-62
Inflation Monitor System .... 9-52
Inspection ........................ 9-54
Pressure Light .................. 4-19
Pressure Monitor System ... 9-50
Rotation .......................... 9-55
Sidewall Labeling .............. 9-44
Terminology and
Definitions .................... 9-46
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading ....................... 9-58
Tires (cont.)
Wheel Alignment and
Tire Balance ................. 9-60
Wheel Replacement .......... 9-60
When It Is Time for New
Tires ............................ 9-56
Towing
Driving Characteristics ....... 8-44
Equipment ....................... 8-49
General Information ........... 8-43
Recreational Vehicle .......... 9-73
Trailer ............................. 8-48
Vehicle ............................ 9-73
Traction
Control System (TCS) ....... 8-33
Control System Warning
Light ............................ 4-19
Trailer Towing ...................... 8-48
Transmission
Automatic ................ 8-24, 8-27
Fluid, Automatic ................ 9-12
Fluid, Manual ................... 9-14
Transportation Program,
Courtesy ......................... 12-8
Trip Odometer ..................... 4-10
Turn and Lane-Change
Signals ............................. 5-3
i-9
U
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading ........................... 9-58
Using this Manual .................... iii
V
Vehicle
Canadian Owners .................. ii
Control ............................. 8-3
Load Limits ...................... 8-12
Personalization ................. 4-21
Security ............................ 1-7
Towing ............................ 9-73
Vehicle Care
Tire Pressure ................... 9-49
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ................... 11-1
Service Parts Identification
Label ........................... 11-1
Ventilation, Air ....................... 7-4
Visors ................................. 1-12
i-10
INDEX
W
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators .......................... 4-8
Warnings ................................ iii
Cautions and Danger ............ iii
Hazard Flashers ................. 5-3
Washer Fluid ....................... 9-24
Washer Fluid, Low Warning
Light ............................... 4-21
Wheels
Alignment and Tire
Balance ....................... 9-60
Different Size ................... 9-58
Replacement .................... 9-60
When It Is Time for New
Tires ............................... 9-56
Where to Put the Child
Restraint ......................... 2-43
Windows ............................. 1-11
Power ............................. 1-12
Windshield
Wiper/Washer .................... 4-5
Winter Driving ....................... 8-9
Wiper Blade Replacement ..... 9-30
Wipers
Rear Washer ..................... 4-6
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