PACCAR PX-8 Operator`s Manual
Operator’s Manual
Y53-1030A 12/09
©2010 PACCAR INC - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
This manual illustrates and describes the operation of features or equipment which may be either standard or optional onthis
vehicle. This manual may also include a description of features and equipment which are no longer available or were not
ordered on this vehicle. Please disregard any illustrations or descriptions relating to features or equipment which are not on this
vehicle.
PACCAR reserves the right to discontinue, change specifications, or change the design of its vehicles at any time without
notice and without incurring any obligation.
The information contained in this manual is proprietary to PACCAR. Reproduction, in whole or in part, by any means is strictly
prohibited without prior written authorization from PACCAR Inc.
Foreword
FOREWORD
This manual contains information for the correct operation and maintenance of your PACCAR engine.
Read and follow all safety instructions. Refer to the WARNING in the “General Safety Instructions” on page 5.
Keep this manual with the vehicle. If the vehicle is traded or sold, give the manual to the new owner.
The information, specifications, and recommended maintenance guidelines in this manual are based on information in effect at
the time of printing. PACCAR Inc reserves the right to make changes at any time without obligation. If you find differences
between your engine and the information in this manual, contact your local PACCAR Authorized Repair Location or write to
PACCAR Inc c/o Medium Duty Engines, PO Box 1518, Bellevue, WA 98009.
The latest technology and the highest quality components were used to produce this engine. When replacement parts are
needed, we recommend using only genuine parts from PACCAR.
NOTE: Warranty information including the EPA and California Emission Warranty is located in the section entitled
“WARRANTY,” beginning on page 73. Make sure you are familiar with the warranty or warranties applicable to your
engine.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
Foreword
PACCAR PX-8
Contents
Foreword
Introduction
Safety Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Illustrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acronyms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
4
5
8
Engine Identification
Engine Dataplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
PACCAR Engine Nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Operator’s Manual
27
28
36
37
40
42
42
Maintenance Guidelines
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Record Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
45
51
Service Literature
Operating Instructions
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Normal Starting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cold Weather Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Procedure After Extended Shutdown or
Oil Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cold Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant Recommentations and Specifications . . . . . . .
Lubricating Recommentations and Specifications . . . .
Diesel Fuel Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Indicator Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Operating Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Braking System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips for Operation on Level and Dry Pavement . . . . .
Tips for Operation on Grades with Dry Pavement . . . .
Tips for Operation on Slick Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Service Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
15
19
20
20
24
24
25
25
25
53
Maintenance Specifications
General Engine Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating Oil System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Recommendations and
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Recommendations and Specifications . . . . . . . .
Lubricating Oil Recommendations and Specifications
55
56
57
58
59
59
62
–1–
Contents
Coolant Recommendations and Specifications . . . . . .
PACCAR PX-8
66
WARRANTY
PACCAR PX-8 Engine United States and
Canada Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
–2–
73
United States and Canada Fire Apparatus Truck
Applications Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Emission Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
California Emission Control System Warranty,
On-Highway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
California Emissions Components Statement for the PX-8
Engine (2010) Emission Engine Coverage . . . . . . . 82
Operator’s Manual
INTRODUCTION
Safety Signals
WARNING
When you see this symbol & word, the message that
follows is especially vital. This signals something
that can cause injury or even death. This message
will tell you what the hazard is, what can happen if
you don’t heed the warning, and how to avoid it.
A number of alerting messages are in this manual. Please
read and follow them. They are there for your protection and
information. These messages can help you avoid injury to
yourself, your passengers, and help prevent costly damage
to the vehicle.
Example:
Key symbols and “signal words” are used to indicate what
kind of message is going to follow. Pay special attention to
instructions prefaced by symbols and signal words
“WARNING”, “CAUTION”, or “NOTE”. Please do not ignore
any of these alerts.
WARNING! Do not carry additional fuel containers in your vehicle. Fuel containers, either full or
empty, may leak, explode, and cause or feed a
fire. Do not carry extra fuel containers, even
empty ones are dangerous.
CAUTION
This symbol and word signals something that could
damage your vehicle.
Example:
CAUTION: Continuing to operate your vehicle
with insufficient oil pressure will cause serious
engine damage.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
–3–
Introduction
Illustrations
NOTE
This symbol and word gives you information we
feel you would like to have. It could have to do
with care of your vehicle or with driving more
efficiently.
General Information
Example:
NOTE: Pumping the accelerator will not assist in
starting the engine.
Please take the time to read these messages when
you see them, and remember:
WARNING!
Something that could cause an injury or even death.
CAUTION:
Something that could cause damage to your vehicle.
NOTE:
Useful information.
Some of the illustrations throughout this manual are generic
and will not look exactly like the engine or parts used in your
application. The illustrations can contain symbols to indicate
an action required and an acceptable or not acceptable condition.
The illustrations are intended to show repair or replacement
procedures. The procedure will be the same for all applications, although the illustration can differ.
–4–
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Introduction
General Safety Instructions
Important Safety Notice
WARNING! Improper practices, carelessness, or
ignoring the warnings can cause burns, cuts,
mutilation, asphyxiation or other personal injury
or death.
Read and understand all of the safety precautions and warnings before performing any repair. This list contains the general safety precautions that must be followed to provide
personal safety. Special safety precautions are included in
the procedures when they apply.
• Work in an area surrounding the product that is dry, well
lit, ventilated, free from clutter, loose tools, parts, ignition
sources and hazardous substances. Be aware of hazardous conditions that can exist.
• Always wear protective glasses and protective shoes
when working.
• Rotating parts can cause cuts, mutilation or strangulation.
• Do not wear loose-fitting or torn clothing. Remove all
jewelry when working.
• Disconnect the battery (negative [-] cable first) and discharge any capacitors before beginning any repair work.
PACCAR
• Disconnect the air starting motor if equipped to prevent
accidental engine starting. Put a "Do Not Operate" tag in
the operator's compartment or on the controls.
• Use ONLY the proper engine barring techniques for
manually rotating the engine. Do not attempt to rotate
the crankshaft by pulling or prying on the fan. This practice can cause serious personal injury, property damage,
or damage to the fan blade(s) causing premature fan failure.
• If an engine has been operating and the coolant is hot,
allow the engine to cool before slowly loosening the filler
cap to relieve the pressure from the cooling system.
• Always use blocks or proper stands to support the product before performing any service work. Do not work on
anything that is supported ONLY by lifting jacks or a
hoist.
• Relieve all pressure in the air, oil, fuel, and cooling systems before any lines, fittings, or related items are
removed or disconnected. Be alert for possible pressure
when disconnecting any device from a system that utilizes pressure. Do not check for pressure leaks with your
hand. High pressure oil or fuel can cause personal injury.
Y53-1030A 12/09
–5–
Introduction
• To reduce the possibility of suffocation and frostbite,
wear protective clothing and ONLY disconnect liquid
refrigerant (Freon) lines in a well ventilated area. To protect the environment, liquid refrigerant systems must be
properly emptied and filled using equipment that prevents the release of refrigerant gas (fluorocarbons) into
the atmosphere. Federal law requires capturing and
recycling refrigerant.
• To reduce the possibility of personal injury, use a hoist or
get assistance when lifting components that weigh 23 kg
[50 lb] or more. Make sure all lifting devices such as
chains, hooks, or slings are in good condition and are of
the correct capacity. Make sure hooks are positioned
correctly. Always use a spreader bar when necessary.
The lifting hooks must not be side-loaded.
• Corrosion inhibitor, a component of SCA and lubricating
oil, contains alkali. Do not get the substance in eyes.
Avoid prolonged or repeated contact with skin. Do not
swallow internally. In case of contact, immediately wash
skin with soap and water. In case of contact, immediately
flood eyes with large amounts of water for a minimum of
15 minutes. IMMEDIATELY CALL A PHYSICIAN. KEEP
OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
–6–
• Naptha and Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) are flammable
materials and must be used with caution. Follow the
manufacturer's instructions to provide complete safety
when using these materials. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF
CHILDREN.
• To reduce the possibility of burns, be alert for hot parts
on products that have just been turned off, exhaust gas
flow, and hot fluids in lines, tubes, and compartments.
• Always use tools that are in good condition. Make sure
you understand how to use the tools before performing
any service work. Use ONLY genuine replacement parts
from PACCAR.
• Always use the same fastener part number (or equivalent) when replacing fasteners. Do not use a fastener of
lesser quality if replacements are necessary.
• Do not perform any repair when fatigued or after consuming alcohol or drugs that can impair your functioning.
• Some state and federal agencies in the United States of
America have determined that used engine oil can be
carcinogenic and can cause reproductive toxicity. Avoid
inhalation of vapors, ingestion, and prolonged contact
with used engine oil.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Introduction
• Liquefied petroleum gas is heavier than air and can
accumulate near the floor, in sumps, and low-lying
areas.
• Natural gas is lighter than air and can accumulate under
hood and awnings.
• To reduce the possibility of suffocation and frostbite,
wear protective clothing and ONLY disconnect natural
gas and liquefied petroleum gas lines in a well ventilated
area.
• Close the manual fuel valves prior to performing maintenance and repairs, and when storing the vehicle inside.
• Coolant is toxic. If not reused, dispose of in accordance
with local environmental regulations.
• The Diesel Exhaust Fluid contains urea. Do not get the
substance in your eyes. In case of contact, immediately
flood eyes with large amounts of water for a minimum of
15 minutes. Avoid prolonged contact with skin. In case of
contact, immediately wash skin with soap and water. Do
not swallow internally. In the event the Diesel Exhaust
Fluid is ingested, contact a physician immediately.
• The catalyst substrate contains Vanadium Pentoxide.
Vanadium Pentoxide has been determined by the State
of California to cause cancer. Always wear protective
gloves and eye protection when handling the catalyst
PACCAR
assembly. Do not get the catalyst material in your eyes.
In Case of contact, immediately flood eyes with large
amounts of water for a minimum of 15 minutes. Avoid
prolonged contact with skin. In case of contact, immediately wash skin with soap and water.
• The Catalyst substrate contains Vanadium Pentoxide.
Vanadium Pentoxide has been determined by the State
of California to cause cancer. In the event the catalyst is
being replaced, dispose of in accordance with local regulations.
• California Proposition 65 Warning - Diesel engine
exhaust and some of its constituents are known to the
State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and
other reproductive harm.
Y53-1030A 12/09
CAUTION: Corrosive chemicals can damage the
engine. Do not expose the engine to corrosive
chemicals.
–7–
Introduction
Acronyms and Abbreviations
General Information
EMI
Electromagnetic Interference
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency
ESN
Engine Serial Number
The following list contains some of the acronyms and abbreviations used in this manual.
°F
Fahrenheit
API
American Petroleum Institute
FMI
Failure Mode Indentifier
ASTM
American Society of Testing and Materials
GVW
Gross Vehicle Weight
ATS
After-Treatment System
HEST
High Exhaust System Temperature
BTU
British Thermal Unit
LPG
Liquified Petroleum Gas
°C
Celsius
Hg
Mercury
CARB
California Air Resources Board
hp
Horsepower
C.I.D.
Cubic Inch Displacement
H2O
Water
CPL
Control Parts List
ICM
Ignition Control Module
cSt
Centistokes
km/l
Kilometers per Liter
DEF
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
kPa
Kilopascal
DPF
Diesel Particulate Filter
LTA
Low Temperature Aftercooling
ECM
Electronic Control Module
MPa
Megapascal
EGR
Exhaust Gas Recirculation
mph
Miles Per Hour
ELC
Extended Life Coolant
mpq
Miles Per Quart
–8–
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Introduction
N•m
Newton-meter
NG
Natural Gas
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
PID
Parameter Identification Descriptions
ppm
Parts Per Million
psi
Pounds Per Square Inch
PTO
Power Takeoff
RGT
Rear Gear Train
rpm
Revolutions Per Minute
SAE
Society of Automotive Engineers
SCA
Supplemental Coolant Additive
SCR
Selective Catalytic Reduction
STC
Step Timing Control
SID
Subsystem Identification Descriptions
VGT
Variable Geometry Turbocharger
VS
Variable Speed
VSS
Vehicle Speed Sensor
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
–9–
Introduction
– 10 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
Engine Dataplate
The dataplate is located on the top side of the gear housing.
The engine dataplate provides important facts about the
engine. The engine serial number (ESN) and control parts list
(CPL) provide information for service and ordering parts. The
engine dataplate must not be changed unless approved by
PACCAR Inc.
PACCAR
Have the following engine data available when communicating with a PACCAR Authorized Repair Location:
• Engine serial number (ESN).
• Control parts list (CPL).
• Model.
• Horsepower and rpm rating.
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 11 –
Engine Identification
If the engine dataplate (1) is not readable, the ESN (2) can be
found on the engine block on top of the lubricating oil cooler
housing. Additional engine information is on the electronic
control module (ECM) dataplate.
– 12 –
PACCAR Engine Nomenclature
The PACCAR engine nomenclature provides the engine
model and horsepower rating.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
General Information
Correct care of your engine will result in longer life, better
performance, and more economical operation.
Follow the daily maintenance checks listed in “Maintenance
Schedule” on page 45.
The new PACCAR engine associated with this manual does
not require a ”break-in” procedure. This section of the manual
provides all of the necessary information required for proper
engine operation.
Check the oil pressure indicators, temperature indicators,
warning lights, and other gauges daily to make sure they are
operational.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 13 –
Operating Instructions
WARNING! Combustible vapors near the air
intake system could be ingested into the engine,
causing the engine to suddenly accelerate and
overspeed or explode. This condition could
result in an unexpected increase in engine rpm
and/or fire, resulting in personal injury or property damage. Do not operate your vehicle in area
where combustible chemicals or vapors may be
present.
IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER
AND OPERATOR TO OPERATE THE VEHICLE IN
A SAFE ENVIRONMENT.
NOTE: Numerous safety devices (ie engine shutoff
devices) are available to minimize the risk of engine
overspeeding caused by combustible vapors being
ingested into the air intake system.
– 14 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
Normal Starting Procedure
Starting
Ensure the parking brake is set and the transmission is in
neutral.
With the accelerator pedal in the idle position, turn the key
switch to the ON position.
PACCAR recommends the installation of an air intake shutoff
device or a similar safety device to minimize the risk of
overspeeding, as can occur when the vehicle, is being
operated in a combustible environment, such as from a fuel
spill or gas leak.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 15 –
Operating Instructions
The DEF Warning screen is displayed when the DEF Fluid
level has reached a critically low level. It may be suppressed
by pushing enter on the MCS (Menu Control Switch). This
warning may be accompanied by the DEF Level in the low
range, DEF Lamp on solid or flashing, the Check Engine
lamp, the Stop Engine lamp, the MIL lamp, and/or engine derate.
With the key in the ON position, the engine indicator lamps
will come on momentarily and then go out. The engine
indicator lamps include:
If any of the lamps remain on or begin to flash, refer to
“Engine Indicator Lamps” on page 25.
1. Check engine lamp; amber in color.
2. STOP engine lamp; red in color.
3. Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) status indicator; amber in
color.
4. High Exhaust System Temperature (HEST); amber in
color.
Under cold conditions, the Wait-to-Start lamp will illuminate
at key on, and will stay on for a period of up to 30 seconds.
– 16 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
NOTE: The length of time the Wait-to-Start lamp
remains illuminated depends on the ambient temperature. The lower the ambient temperature, the
longer the lamp will be illuminated.
Once the Wait-to-Start lamp turns off, turn the key to the
starting position to start the engine.
CAUTION: Engaging the starter motor for more
than 30 seconds may cause it to overheat and
can damage the starter motor. Never engage the
starter motor for more than 30 seconds and wait
2 minutes between each attempt to start the
engine to allow the starter motor to cool. This
caution does not apply to air starters.
CAUTION: The engine must have adequate oil
pressure within 15 seconds after starting the
engine. If the oil pressure gauge does not register the minimum pressure, or drops below the
minimum pressure, a red warning light in the
gauge will come on, a warning buzzer will
sound, and the Stop Engine Lamp will come on.
This should be considered an emergency. Operating the engine in this condition may cause
severe engine damage. You should stop the
vehicle as safely as possible. The vehicle must
be serviced and the problem corrected before
driving again.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 17 –
Operating Instructions
Idle the engine 3 to 5 minutes before operating with a load.
After starting a cold engine, increase the engine speed (rpm)
slowly to provide adequate lubrication to the bearings and to
allow the oil pressure to stabilize.
Some engines are equipped with a Fast Idle Warm Up
feature. When enabled, this feature elevates the idle speed
of the engine in cold ambient conditions, in order to shorten
the time necessary to warm up the engine. When the idle
speed is elevated, the engine noise may change, this is
normal. To bring the engine back to low idle speed:
• For vehicles equipped with a manual transmission and
clutch switch: Depress the clutch pedal.
• For vehicles equipped with a brake switch: Depress the
service brake pedal.
• Depress the accelerator pedal.
– 18 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
For more information on the Fast Idle Warm Up feature,
contact a PACCAR authorized repair location.
Cold Weather Starting
General Information
Follow the Normal Starting Procedure in this section. If
equipped with an intake air heater, the Wait-To-Start lamp
will stay on longer.
Refer to the vehicle operator's manual instructions for any
additional cold weather starting procedures.
CAUTION: Do not operate the engine at low idle
for long periods with engine coolant temperature below the minimum specification in “Cooling System” on page 57. This can result in the
following:
• Fuel dilution of the lubricating oil.
• Carbon build up in the cylinder.
• Cylinder head valve sticking.
• Reduced performance.
If an engine must idle for an extended period of
time, it should be done at fast idle (1,000 rpm or
greater) until the coolant temperature meets the
specification.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 19 –
Operating Instructions
Operating the Engine
Using Starting Aids
This engine is equipped with an intake grid heater to help
start the engine in cold weather conditions. Contact your
authorized PACCAR repair location for other cold weather
starting aid options.
WARNING! Using starting fluid to help start the
engine could cause a fire or explosion, resulting
in personal injury, property damage and severe
engine damage. Do not use starting fluid to start
this engine.
Normal
Monitor the oil pressure and coolant temperature gauges
frequently. Refer to “Lubricating Oil System” on page 56 and
“Cooling System” on page 57 for recommended operating
pressures and temperatures. Shut off the engine if any
pressure or temperature does not meet the specifications.
Starting Procedure After Extended
Shutdown or Oil Change
General Information
Follow the Normal Starting Procedure in this section. The
engine will run at idle only until the minimum oil pressure is
detected by the ECM. It can take more cranking time to start
the engine after an extended shut down or oil change.
Continuous operation with engine coolant temperature above
or below the engine coolant temperature specifications listed
in “Cooling System” on page 57 can damage the engine.
– 20 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
Engine Overheating
CAUTION: The cooling system may overheat if
the engine coolant is the minimum level. A sudden loss of coolant, caused by a split hose or
broken hose clamp could also lead to an overheat condition. Always inspect to ensure hoses
and clamps are not cracked, worn or loose.
NOTE: The system may also temporarily overheat
during severe operations conditions such as:
• Climbing a hill on a hot day.
• Stopping after high–speed driving.
If an overheating condition starts to occur, reduce the power
output of the engine by releasing the accelerator pedal or
shifting the transmission to a lower gear, or both, until the
temperature returns to the normal operating range. If the
engine temperature does not return to normal, shut off the
engine, and refer to Troubleshooting Symptoms, or contact a
PACCAR Authorized Repair Location.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 21 –
Operating Instructions
NOTE: If the “Engine Coolant Temperature” warning
light comes on and the audible alarm sounds showing an overheat condition, or if you have any other
reason to suspect the engine may be overheating,
DON'T TURN OFF THE ENGINE unless a low water
warning device indicates a loss of coolant. Follow
these steps:
• Reduce engine speed or stop. When stopped,
place the transmission in Neutral and set the parking brake. See the Truck Operator’s Manual for
instructions on transmission shifting and parking
brake information.
• If the overheating came from severe operating
conditions, the temperature should have cooled by
this time.
• Check the sight gauge (glass level indicator) on
the side of the coolant expansion tank.
CAUTION: Never leave the engine idling when
the vehicle is unattended. If the engine should
overheat, immediate action is required to correct
the condition. Failure to take immediate action
may result in serious engine damage. If you
must leave your vehicle unattended, shut down
the engine.
• Check to ensure that the oil pressure gauge reads
normal.
• Increase the engine speed to about one–half of
full operating speed, or 1,100 to 1,200 rpm, maximum.
• Return the engine speed to normal idle after two
or three minutes.
• Monitor the engine temperature. After the temperature returns to normal, allow the engine to idle 3
to 5 minutes before shutting it off. This allows the
engine to cool gradually and uniformly.
– 22 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
WARNING! Removing the radiator fill cap while
the engine is hot can be dangerous. Never
remove the caps of the expansion tank while the
engine is still hot; you could be badly burned.
• Scalding steam and fluid under pressure may
escape and cause serious personal injuries.
• Wait until the coolant temperature is below
122°F (50°C).
• Protect your face, hands, and arms by covering
the cap with a large, thick rag to protect
against escaping fluid and steam.
• Carefully and slowly turn cap one turn to allow
excess pressure to escape, then push down
and turn for final removal. See the Truck Operator’s Manual for instructions on checking and
filling the coolant expansion tank.
– 23 –
Take the time to learn what normal operating conditions are
for your engine so that when an abnormal condition arises,
you will be able to recognize it as such and take the
appropriate action.
Most failures give an early warning. Look and listen for
changes in performance, sound, or engine appearance that
can indicate service or engine repair is needed. Some
changes to look for are:
• Engine misfires.
• Vibration.
• Unusual engine noises.
• Sudden changes in engine operating temperatures or
pressures.
• Excessive smoke.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
•
•
•
•
Cold Weather
Loss of power.
An increase in oil consumption.
An increase in fuel consumption.
Fuel, oil, or coolant leaks.
CAUTION: Do not allow your engine to idle, at
low rpm's (400-600 rpm), longer than five minutes. Long periods of idling after the engine has
reached operating temperatures can decrease
engine temperature and cause gummed piston
rings, clogged injectors, and possible engine
damage from lack of lubrication. The normal torsional vibrations generated by the engine can
also cause transmission wear. If an engine must
idle for an extended period of time, it should be
done at fast idle (1,000 rpm or greater).
NOTE: An idle shutdown feature, available on
PACCAR Engines, can be programmed to shut the
engine down after a period of low idle speed operation
with no driver activity. A flashing warning lamp will
inform the driver of an impending shutdown.
NOTE: The power take off (PTO) feature, available on
PACCAR engines, can be programmed to adjust
engine idle speed with the use of switches to pre-programmed set points.
– 24 –
It is p ossible to o perate engines in extremely cold
environments if they are properly prepared and maintained.
Satisfactory performance of an engine in low ambient
temperature conditions requires modification of the engine,
surrounding equipment, operating practices and
maintenance procedures.
The correct engine coolant lubricating oil and fuels must be
used for the cold weather range in which the engine is being
operated. Below are the recommendations for these critical
engine fluids.
Coolant Recommentations and
Specifications
The cooling system in your vehicle was factory filled with
Extended Life Coolant (ELC) that meets or exceeds all
ASTM D 6210 requirements. PACCAR recommends only
using a 50/50 mixture of distilled water and ELC when
cooling system service is required. A 50/50 mixture of ELC
and distilled water will provide freeze protection down to 34°F (- 36.7°C), which is adequate for most locations in
North America. For extremely cold operating conditions, a
60/40 mixture (coolant/water ratio) can be used to provide
freeze protection down to -62°F (-52.2°C).
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
Lubricating Recommentations and
Specifications
Engine Indicator Lamps
General Information
R e fe r t o “ L u b r i c a t i n g O i l R e c o m m e n d a t i o n s a n d
Specifications” on page 62 for the correct specifications.
Diesel Fuel Recommendations
The following engine indicator lamps cover only the lamps
controlled by the engine's ECM. The vehicle manufacturer
can provide additional indicator lamps. Please refer to the
vehicle's operator's manual for additional lamp information.
The Diesel fuel must have maximum cloud and pour points
6°C (10°F) lower than the ambient temperature in which the
engine operates.
Wait to Start Lamp
The WAIT TO START lamp illuminates when the intake air
heater (grid heater) needs to warm the intake air prior to
starting the engine.
The WAIT TO START lamp on time will vary depending on
the ambient air temperature. See “Normal Starting
Procedure” on page 15
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 25 –
Operating Instructions
For vehicles equipped with an engine starting motor protection feature, another function of the WAIT TO START lamp is
to flash for two minutes if the starting motor is engaged for 30
seconds or more.
The WAIT TO START lamp can look like:
• The words WAIT TO START spelled out
• A symbol similar to the graphic illustrated
• The color of the symbol or words can vary, based on the
manufacturer of the vehicle, but will typically be red or
amber.
serviced to correct the problem, but the situation should not
be considered an emergency. The Check Engine lamp will
activate for several reasons. These include but are not
limited to Water in Fuel and Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
generation required.
Stop Engine Lamp
The STOP ENGINE lamp indicates, when illuminated, the
need to stop the engine as soon as it can be safely done. The
engine must remain shut down until the engine can be
repaired.
Check Engine Lamp
The CHECK ENGINE lamp illuminates when the engine
needs service at the first available opportunity.
The CHECK ENGINE lamp is located on the face of the
tachometer and illuminates amber when a problem exists,
but the vehicle can still be safely driven. Vehicle should be
– 26 –
For engines with the Engine Protection Shutdown feature
enabled, if the STOP ENGINE lamp begins to flash, the
engine will automatically shut down after 30 seconds. The
flashing STOP engine lamp aler ts the operator to the
impending shutdown.
The STOP ENGINE lamp is red in color, and can look like:
• The words STOP or STOP ENGINE spelled out
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
R e fe r t o PAC C A R E n g i n e A f t e r t r e a t m e n t S y s t e m s
Operator's Manual for additional information.
• A symbol of an engine with an exclamation point in the
center, similar to the graphic.
Engine Operating Range
General Information
CAUTION: Operating the engine at full throttle
below peak torque will shorten engine life to
overhaul, can cause serious engine damage,
and is considered engine abuse. Do not operate
the engine at full throttle operation below peak
torque rpm (refer to engine dataplate for peak
torque rpm) for more than 30 seconds.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 27 –
Operating Instructions
PACCAR engines are designed to operate successfully at
full throttle under transient conditions down to peak torque
engine speed. This is consistent with recommended
operating practices.
CAUTION: Operating the engine beyond the
maximum engine speed can cause severe
engine damage. Do not operate the engine
beyond the maximum engine speed. Use proper
operating techniques for the vehicle to prevent
engine overspeed. The maximum engine speed
specification is listed in the “General Engine
Specifications” on page 55.
– 28 –
Engine Braking System
Variable Geometry Turbo (VGT) Brake System General Information
T h i s e n g i n e i s e q u i p p e d w i t h a va r i a bl e g e o m e t r y
turbocharger (VGT) with an exhaust brake feature. This
feature allows the variable geometry turbocharger to act as
an exhaust brake by retarding the speed of the engine to
provide additional vehicle braking power and extend the life
of the vehicle service brakes. The on/off function is controlled
by a switch located on the dash of the vehicle. The engine
(VGT) exhaust brake works by retarding engine speed by
creating high exhaust back pressure. This back pressure is
obtained by restricting airflow through the turbine housing of
the turbocharger. This restriction through the turbine housing
of the turbocharger is created through positioning of the
sliding nozzle (1) located internally to the variable geometry
turbocharger (VGT). the position of the sliding nozzle is
controlled by the engine electronic control module (ECM).
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
WARNING! The exhaust brake is not intended as
the primary brake for the vehicle, nor is it an
emergency brake. The service brakes must be
used in an emergency. Relying solely on the
exhaust brake to stop the vehicle in an emergency could cause an accident and lead to personal injury. The exhaust brake only helps the
service brakes by using pressure to slow the
drive train. You must use the service brakes for
quick or emergency stops.
WARNING! Do not use the exhaust brake when
operating on surface with poor traction (such as
wet, icy or snow covered roads). Retarders can
cause the wheels to skid on a slippery surface.
You could lose control of the vehicle and jacknife if the wheels begin to skid, resulting in an
accident.
WARNING! Do not use an exhaust brake when
driving bobtail or with an unloaded trailer. There
may not be enough weight on the rear axle to
provide traction. This could cause a lose of control and jackknife resulting in an injury accident.
Make sure the exhaust brake is switched OFF
when bobtailing or with an unloaded trailer.
PACCAR
When the engine (VGT) exhaust brake switch is in the ON
position, the engine's electronic control module (ECM)
monitors inputs (such as accelerator pedal position and
engine speed). From these inputs, the ECM determines
when to enable the engine (VGT) exhaust brake feature
when the proper braking conditions are present.
Other features/switches like cruise control, can also affect
when the engine (VGT) exhaust brake activates. For more
infor mation on how the engine (VGT) exhaust brake
functions, refer to vehicle operation manual or contact a
PACCAR Authorized Repair Location.
WARNING! To reduce the possibility of personal
injury or property damage, always be prepared
to use the vehicle service brakes for emergency
stopping. The safe control speed of a vehicle will
vary with the size of the load, the type of load,
the grade, and the road conditions.
NOTE: The exhaust brake can only be activated
when the accelerator pedal is at its low idle position.
With the throttle at low idle position, fueling commands to the cylinders will not detract from the braking power of the brake system.
NOTE: The engine (VGT) exhaust brake is designed
to assist the vehicle's service brakes when slowing
the vehicle to a stop.
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 29 –
Operating Instructions
Ty p i c a l l y, o n v e h i c l e s e q u i p p e d w i t h a u t o m a t i c
transmissions, the engine electronic control module (ECM)
and the transmission will determine the correct gear
selection.
Vehicle service brakes must always be used. The engine
brake is not intended to be used as the primary brake of the
vehicle, nor is it an emergency brake. The engine retarder
only helps the service brakes by using pressure to slow the
divetrain. Use the service brakes for quick stops.
CAUTION: Exceeding governed engine speed
can cause engine damage. Operating the engine
beyond the maximum engine speed may cause
serious engine damage and is considered
engine abuse. Use the engine and vehicle braking systems to control engine speed.
The optimum braking power of the engine (VGT) exhaust
brake is reached at rated engine speed. Correct gear
selection, therefore, is critical.
– 30 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
Compression Brake System
The amount of braking power available in a given engine
series varies. Braking power depends on turbocharger boost
pressure, engine speed, compression ratio, injector timing,
and when the engine brakes open the exhaust valves.
Engine brake controls, with the fuel system, consists of the
following:
• A two-position selector switch standard (three-position
selector optional) .
• An on/off switch.
• A clutch switch.
• A throttle sensor.
With the ON/OFF switch in the ON position, the brake
automatically creates its braking effect when you remove
your foot from the accelerator pedal.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 31 –
Operating Instructions
Other switches for cruise control that affect engine brake
operations are:
• Service brake air pressure switch (if service brake actuator feature is selected).
• Clutch switch.
• Throttle sensor.
LOW activates the engine brake on three cylinders, and HI
activates the engine brake on six cylinders.
Signals from the on/off switch, clutch switch, throttle sensor,
and the cruise/PTO switches are fed into the ECM.
NOTE: Any one of these switches can de-activate
the engine brakes.
The ECM allows the engine brakes to operate while the
cruise control is turned on.
The two-position selector switch (standard) or three-position
(optional) is located next to the on/off switch in the cab, and
allows you to select the retarding power of one or two brakes.
– 32 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
The ECM then electronically enables or disables the engine
brakes.
Engine brakes cannot be enabled:
The throttle sensor is part of the accelerator pedal assembly
located in the cab and will deactivate the engine brakes when
the acceleration pedal is depressed.
• When cruise control is active and the Engine
brakes in Cruise Control feature is turned off.
• When engine speed goes below 850 rpm.
• When the Engine Computer recognizes a system
problem.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 33 –
Operating Instructions
The clutch switch uses the motion of the clutch linkage to
deactivate the engine brakes when the clutch pedal is
depressed.
The service brake pressure switch is attached to the service
brake air supply line.
Applying the service brakes while in cruise control will
disengage the cruise control and enable the engine brakes.
If the pedal-activated engine brake feature is enabled, the
service brake pedal must be depressed (tapped) before the
engine brakes will be activated.
CAUTION: Do not operate the engine brake until
the engine oil temperature is above 30°C [86°F].
Operation below 30°C [86°F] could cause severe
damage to the engine. Idle the engine 3 to 5 minutes at approximately 1000 rpm to warm the
engine before activating the engine brakes.
– 34 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
To activate the engine brakes, switch the on/off switch to the
ON position. Once activated, the operation of the engine
brake is fully automatic.
NOTE: See the “Tips for Operation” steps in this
section for specific information about engine brake
operation under certain road conditions.
NOTE: The engine brakes are designed to assist
the vehicle's service brakes when slowing the vehicle to a stop.
CAUTION: Using the engine brakes to aid in
clutchless gear shifting will cause the engine to
stall or lead to engine damage. Engine brakes
used in clutchless shifting causes additional
strain on the engine valve train and causes
severe internal engine damage. Do not use
engine brakes to assist in gear shifting.
The ECM will disable the engine brakes when engine speed
is below 850 rpm or when an electronic fault code is active.
Remember, service brakes will be required to bring the
vehicle to a stop.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 35 –
Operating Instructions
Tips for Operation on Level and Dry
Pavement
WARNING! Do not use the engine brake when
operating on road surfaces with poor traction
(such as wet, icy, or snow covered roads or
gravel). Retarders can cause the wheels to skid
on a slippery surface. You could lose control of
the vehicle and/or jackknife if the wheels begin
to skid, resulting in an accident.
CAUTION: Operating the engine with an engine
brake that will not deactivate will cause severe
engine damage. Inoperable engine brakes can
cause an additional strain on the engine valve
train causing severe internal engine damage. Do
not operate the engine if the engine brake will
not deactivate.
WARNING! Do not use an engine brake when
driving bobtail or with an unloaded trailer. There
may not be enough weight on the rear axle to
provide traction. This could cause a lose of control and jackknife resulting in an injury accident.
Make sure the engine brake is switched OFF
when bobtailing or with an unloaded trailer.
If the engine brakes will not shut off, shut off the engine
immediately, and contact a PACCAR Authorized Repair
Location.
– 36 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
Tips for Operation on Grades with Dry
Pavement
WARNING! The engine brake is not intended as
the primary brake for the vehicle, nor is it an
emergency brake. The service brakes must be
used in an emergency. Relying solely on the
engine brake to stop the vehicle in an emergency could cause an accident and lead to personal injury. The engine brake only helps the
service brakes by using pressure to slow the
drive train. You must use the service brakes for
quick or emergency stops.
To reduce vehicle speed, put the engine brake on/off switch
in the ON position. Remove your foot from the accelerator
pedal and clutch pedal. The engine brakes will immediately
begin to operate, slowing the vehicle.
For operation on dry pavement when maximum retarding
power is required, put the two-position selector switch in the
HI position.
WARNING! Do not use the engine brake when
operating on surface with poor traction (such as
wet, icy, or snow covered roads). Retarders can
cause the wheels to skid on a slippery surface.
You could lose control of the vehicle and jacknife if the wheels begin to skid, resulting in an
accident.
For operation on dry and relatively flat surfaces, when
greater retarding power is not required, put the two-position
selector switch in the LOW position.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 37 –
Operating Instructions
CAUTION: Never exceed governed engine speed
because engine damage can occur. Operating
engine beyond the governed speed causes additional strain on valve train and internal engine
components. Operate the engine within governed engine speed.
WARNING! Do not use an engine brake when
driving bobtail or with an unloaded trailer. There
may not be enough weight on the rear axle to
provide traction. This could cause a lose of control and jackknife resulting in an injury accident.
Make sure the engine brake is switched OFF
when bobtailing or with an unloaded trailer.
NOTE: Once you have determined what the safe
speed is for your vehicle, operate the engine brakes
with the transmission in the lowest gear that will not
cause the engine speed to exceed the rated engine
speed. The optimum braking power of the engine
brakes is reached at rated engine speed. Correct
gear selection, therefore, is critical.
Control speed is the speed at which the forces
pushing a vehicle down a grade are equal to the forces
holding it back.
The two-position selector switch can be used to vary braking
power as road conditions change.
– 38 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
The engine brake is NOT intended as the primary brake for
the vehicle, nor is it an emergency brake. The engine brake
only helps the service brakes by using pressure to slow the
drivetrain. Use the service brakes for quick stops.
WARNING! Do not drive with frequent or continuous use of the service brakes. This can overheat the brakes and result in excessive lining
wear, increased stopping distances, possibly an
accident and may lead to personal injury. Before
descending a steep grade, shift to a lower gear,
keep the vehicle speed low, and avoid continuous application to the brakes.
NOTE: The longer or steeper the hill, the more
important it is to use your engine brakes. Make maximum use of your engine brakes by gearing down
and letting the engine brakes do the work.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 39 –
Operating Instructions
If frequent use of the vehicle service brakes is required, it is
recommended that a slower control speed be used by
selecting a lower transmission gear.
WARNING! Do not operate the engine brake
when driving/operating your vehicle bobtail or
with a loaded or unloaded trailer on road surfaces with poor traction (wet, icy, or snow covered roads) or in heavy traffic. Braking caused
by the normal operation of the engine brake
could cause you to lose control of the vehicle
resulting in an injury accident.
Tips for Operation on Slick Roads
The operation of any vehicle is difficult to predict on slick
roads. The first 10 to 15 minutes of rainfall are the most
dangerous, as road dirt and oil mixed with rain create a very
slippery surface.
– 40 –
When driving on slick roads, start with the on/off switch in the
“OFF” position and the two-position selector switch in the
LOW position.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
If the vehicle’s drive wheels begin to skid or there is a
fishtailing motion, switch the on/off switch to the OFF
position.
If traction is maintained when the engine brakes are
activated and more braking power is required, move the twoposition selector switch to the HI position.
Again, if the vehicle has lost traction or if there is a fishtailing
motion, switch the on/off switch to the OFF position. Do not
attempt to use the engine brakes in the HI position.
If your tractor is equipped with a twin-screw rear axle,
position the power divider switch in the unlocked position.
Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal to make sure
the vehicle will maintain traction with the retarding power of
the engine alone.
If the vehicle drive wheels begin to skid or if there is a
fishtailing motion, do not activate the engine brakes.
f traction is maintained using the retarding power of the
engine alone and more braking power is required, switch the
two-position selector switch to the LOW position and activate
the engine brakes by switching the on/off switch to the ON
position.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 41 –
Operating Instructions
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
General Information
Some engine applications utilize accessories (CB radios,
mobile transmitters, etc.) that generate and use radio
frequency energy that, if not installed and used properly, can
cause electromagnetic interference (EMI) conditions to exist
between the accessory and PACCAR electronic controlled
fuel system. PACCAR is not liable for any performance
problems with either the fuel system or the accessory due to
EMI. EMI is not considered by PACCAR to be an engine
failure and therefore is not warrantable.
Engine Shutdown
System EMI Susceptibility
General Information
NOTE: Allow the engine to idle 3 to 5 minutes before
shutting it off after a full-load operation. This allows
adequate cool down of pistons, cylinders, bearings,
and turbocharger components.
PACCAR’S electrical system design will protect your engine
from most, if not all, electromagnetic energy-emitting devices
that meet the Federal Communications Commission legal
requirements.
System EMI Radiation Levels
Your PACCAR product has been designed to emit minimum
electromagnetic energy. Electronic components are required
to pass various PACCAR EMI specifications. Testing has
shown that when the engine is properly maintained, it will not
– 42 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Operating Instructions
interfere with onboard communication equipment or with the
vehicle's ability to meet any applicable EMI standards and
regulated specifications.
If an interference condition is obser ved, follow the
suggestions below to reduce the amount of interference:
1. Locate the receiving antenna as far away from the
engine and as high as possible.
2. Locate the receiving antenna as far away as possible
from all metal obstructions (e.g., exhaust stacks).
3. Consult a representative of the accessory supplier in
your area to:
• Calibrate accurately the device for proper frequency,
power output, and sensitivity (both base and remote
site devices must be properly calibrated)
• Obtain antenna reflective energy data measurements to determine the optimum antenna location
• Obtain optimum antenna type and mounting
arrangement for your application
• Make sure your accessory equipment model is built
for maximum filtering to reject incoming electromagnetic noise.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 43 –
Operating Instructions
– 44 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Overview
Maintenance Schedule
General Information
General Information
PACCAR recommends that the engine be maintained
according to the Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Perform maintenance at whichever interval occurs first.
If the engine is operating in ambient temperatures below
18°C [0°F] or above 38°C [100°F], perform maintenance at
shorter intervals. Shorter maintenance intervals are also
required if the engine is operated in a dusty environment or if
frequent stops are made. Contact your local PACCAR Authorized Repair Location for recommended maintenance intervals.
Some of these maintenance procedures require special tools
or must be completed by qualified personnel. Contact your
local PACCAR Authorized Repair Location for detailed information.
If your engine is equipped with a component or accessory not
manufactured by PACCAR Inc, refer to the component manufacturer's maintenance recommendations.
Use the chart provided in this section as a convenient way to
record maintenance performed.
PACCAR
At each scheduled maintenance interval, perform all previous
maintenance checks that are due for scheduled maintenance.
Daily or Refueling – Maintenance Check
• Engine Lubrication Oil Level - Check/Correct
To check engine oil level, park vehicle on level ground
and wait 5 minutes after shutting engine OFF.
• Remove dipstick and wipe it off with a clean, lint free
rag.
• Reinsert dipstick all the way in and pull it out again to
check oil level.
• Correct oil level is between the low (L) and high (H)
marks on dipstick.
• Fuel – Water Separator – Drain
• Crankcase Breather Tube - Check
• Aftertreatment Diesel Exhaust Fluid Level - Check
• Air Intake Piping – Inspect
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 45 –
Maintenance Guidelines
•
•
•
•
• Hose/Pipe condition – Chaffing, Deterioration,
Leaks
• Hose clamps for tightness
• Clearance to other components
Aftertreatment Exhaust Piping – Inspect
• Cracks
• Clearance to other components (i.e. electrical harnesses, etc)
• Hose/pipe condition – cracks, chaffing, exhaust
leaks.
Cooling Fan – Inspect
• Cracks
• Clearance to other components
Air Tank and Reservoirs (if equipped) Inspect
Engine Coolant Level - Check/Correct
With the engine off and temperature cool:
• Check coolant level. It should be visible within the
sight glass (glass level indicator) on the surge tank.
• Add coolant as necessary by removing the pressure
cap on the neck of the surge tank.
• Replacement or top up coolant should have the
same antifreeze concentration and corrosion inhibitor content as the original coolant in the cooling system.
• Never add 100% antifreeze to the cooling system.
Always dilute antifreeze to the correct concentration
based on freeze protection prior to adding it to the
– 46 –
cooling system. Adding or using 100% antifreeze in
a cooling system may result in cooling system plugging and overheating problems.
Every 16,000 km (10,000mi), 250 Hours, or 3 months –
Maintenance Check
• Air Cleaner Restriction - Check/Correct
• Service filter element when Air Cleaner Restriction
Gauge (option) locks in the extreme High position.
• Hose/pipe condition - deterioration/signs of leaking
• Hose clamp torque
• Charge Air Piping – check/Correct
• Hose/pipe condition – chaffing, deterioration, leaks
• Hose clamps for tightness
• Clearance to other components
• Charge Air Cooler – Check/Correct
• Cracked tubes or header
• Clogged fins/tubes
• Hose/pipe condition - deterioration/signs of leaking
• Hose clamp torque
• Exhaust system - Check/Correct
• * check for leaks and proper support
Every 32,000 km (20,000 mi), 500 Hours, or 6 months –
Maintenance Check
• Fuel Filter, Spin on type replace
• Lubricating Oil – Change
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Guidelines
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lubricating Oil filters – Replace
Antifreeze Concentration - Check
Radiator Pressure Cap - Check
Batteries – Check
Battery Cables and Connections – Check
Battery condition - electrolyte level, cracks, signs of
leaking, overcharging
• Harness/cables for loose connections, corrosion,
chafing, broken retention clips
• Battery hold-downs for tightness
• Battery box mounting bolt torque
Every 64,000 km [40,000 mi], 1000 Hours, or 1 Year Maintenance Check
• Fuel Filter (Spin-On Type - Change
• Drive Belt, Cooling Fan - Change
• Belt Tensioner, Automatic (Water Pump) - Check
• Cooling System Check
• Radiator Pressure Cap Check
• Supplemental additive/conditioner level
• Coolant level
• Coolant protection
• Replace coolant filter
PACCAR
Every 128,000 km [80,000 mi], 2000 Hours, or 2 Years Maintenance Check
• Cooling System - Drain/Flush/Fill
• Engine Steam Cleaning - Clean
• Air Compressor Discharge Lines - Clean
• Radiator Hoses – Check
• Hose condition - deterioration/signs of leaking
• Hose clamp torque
• Vibration Damper – Check
• Damper for cracks, nicks, gouges
• Condition of damper rubber isolator
• Damper fastener torque
• Crankcase Ventilation Filter – Replace
Every 241,000 km [150,000 mi], 5000 Hours, or 4 Years Maintenance Check
• Overhead Set – Adjust
• Exhaust System - Change
• Replace exhaust flex pipe(s)
Every 321,500 km [200,000 mi], 6500 Hours - Maintenance Check
• Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate Filter – Clean
• Complete Cleaning of filter using a DPF cleaning
machine
• Replace filter if necessary
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 47 –
Maintenance Guidelines
Every 1,200,000 km (750,000 mi), 22,000 Hours, or 6
years - Maintenance Check
• Change extended life coolant
**(See note 1 below)
4. The aftertreatment DPF clean/replace interval is
based on the use of lubricating oils that meet the CJ4 15W40 oil specification.
NOTE:
1.A heavy-duty extended life coolant (ELC) that
meets ASTM D 6210 chemical composition specifications must be used. The change inter val is
750,000 miles (1,200,000 km) or 22,000 hours onroad use (8 years or 15,000 hours off-highway use)
on initial fill with no extender added. The change
interval is 1,000,000 miles (1,600,000 km)/20,000
hours/8 years with an extender addition at 500,000
miles (800,000 km)/10,000 hours/4 years. Antifreeze is essential for freeze, overheat, and corrosion protection. The use of supplemental coolant
additives (SCAs) is not recommended.
2.Follow the manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures for the starter, alternator, batteries, electrical components, radiator, air compressor,
air cleaner, refrigerant compressor, and fan clutch.
3.Reset valve lash, if needed, to nominal specifications.
– 48 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
NOTE:
1. The lubricating oil and lubricating oil filter
interval can be adjusted based on application, fuel consumption, gross vehicle weight,
and idle time. See the Oil Drain Intervals table
in this procedure.
2. Service interval is every oil change or 24,000
km [15,000 mi], 500 hours, or 6 months,
whichever occurs first. A heavy-duty yearround antifreeze that meets the chemical
composition of GM6038M must be used. The
change interval is 2 years or 385,000 km
[240,000 mi], whichever occurs first. Antifreeze is essential for freeze, overheat, and
corrosion protection. SCA is essential for liner
pitting and scaling protection.
3. Service interval is 2 years or 385,000 km
[240,000 mi], whichever occurs first.
4. Follow the manufacturers' recommended
maintenance procedures for the starter, alternator, batteries, electrical components,
PACCAR
Maintenance Guidelines
engine brake, exhaust brake, charge-air
cooler, radiator, air compressor, air cleaner,
refrigerant compressor, and fan clutch.
5. Reset valve lash, if needed, to nominal specifications. Refer to “General Engine Specifications” on page 55.
• The aftertreatment diesel particulate filter clean/replace
interval is based on the use of lubricating oils that meet
the Cummins Engineering Standard (C.E.S.) 20081 oil
specification. If a non-low ash lubricating oil meeting the
American Petroleum Institute (API) perfor mance
classification CI-4/SL and/or C.E.S. 20078 is used, the
service intervals for the aftertreatment systems will be
reduced to 241,000 [150,000 mi] or 5000 hours.
• Replace the primary (or suction side) fuel filter at every
oil change.
• Replace the secondary (or pressure side) fuel filter at
every other oil change.
Oil Drain Intervals
See the following flowchart to determine the maximum recommended oil change and filter change intervals in kilometers [miles], hours, or months, whichever comes first.
If yours is a refuse or Mixer/dumper, use table 2. For other
applications, use table 1.
If No If the vehicle has not been listed, select the correct oil drain
interval from Table 1.
Table 1—Maximum Oil Drain Intervals
(A) Severe Duty
(If the Vehicle Meets Any of These Conditions)
(B) Normal Duty
(If the Vehicle Meets Both of These Conditions)
Average fuel economy is less than 2.98 km/liter [7.0 mpg], or idle time
is 40 percent or greater, or vehicle operates in dusty areas, or gross
vehicle weight is greater than 27,215 kg [60,000 lbs].
Average fuel economy is greater than 2.98 km/liter [7.0 mpg], and gross
vehicle weight is less than 27,215 kg [60,000 lbs].
Vehicle uses the severe-duty oil drain interval (A).
Vehicle uses the normal-duty oil drain interval (B).
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 49 –
Maintenance Guidelines
Table 1—Maximum Oil Drain Intervals
(A) Severe Duty
(If the Vehicle Meets Any of These Conditions)
(B) Normal Duty
(If the Vehicle Meets Both of These Conditions)
14,500 km [9000 mi], 500 hours, 6 months, or 7571 liters [2000 US
gal] of fuel, whichever occurs first.
24,000 km [15,000 mi], 500 hours, 6 months, or 7571 liters [2000 US
gal] of fuel, whichever occurs first.
Vehicle uses the severe-duty oil drain interval (A).
Vehicle uses the normal-duty oil drain interval (B)
Table 2—Oil Drain Intervals
Refuse Truck, Mixer, or Dump Truck
Kilometers
Miles
Hours
Months
Below 10 mph average
4,850
3,000
500
6
10 to 15 mph average
9,650
6,000
500
6
15 to 20 mph average
13,700
8,500
500
6
20 to 25 mph average
14,500
9,000
500
6
Higher than 25 mph average
19,000
12,000
500
6
PACCAR bases its oil drain specifications on duty cycle and
oil contamination. This contamination occurs in all engines at
varying rates regardless of design.
– 50 –
Maintaining the correct oil and filter change interval is a vital
factor in preserving the integrity of an engine. Filters must be
changed when the oil is changed.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Guidelines
Maintenance Record Form
Engine Serial No.
Engine Model:
Owner’s Name:
Equipment Name/No.
Date
PACCAR
km (Miles), Hours,
or Time Interval
Actual km (Miles)
or Hours
Maintenance
Check Performed
Y53-1030A 12/09
Check Performed
By
Comments
– 51 –
Maintenance Guidelines
– 52 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
SERVICE LITERATURE
Additional Service Literature
General Information
The following publications can be purchased from your
authorized PACCAR Engine dealer.
Bulletin Number
PACCAR
Title of Publication
4022257
Engine Service Manual
4022225
Electronic Control System Troubleshooting and Repair Manual
2883353
Operation and Maintenance Manual
2883352
Owners Manual
3666255
Warranty Fail Code Manual - Midrange Engines
3379000
Air for Your Engine
3379001
Fuel for Diesel Engines
3379009
Operation of Diesel Engines in Cold Climates
3666132
Coolant Requirements and Maintenance
3810340
Engine Oil and Oil Analysis Recommendations
4021566
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Specifications for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 53 –
Service Literature
– 54 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
General Engine Specifications
Horsepower
See engine dataplate
Firing Order
1, 5, 3, 6, 2, 4
Crankshaft Rotation (viewed from front of engine)
Clockwise
Displacement
8.3 liters (504.5 in³)
Bore and Stroke
114 mm (4.49 in.) × 135 mm (5.32 in.)
Dry Weight
754 kg (1,662 lb)
Wet Weight
788 kg (1,737 lb)
Intake Valve Adjustment
0.305 mm (0.012 in.)
Exhaust Valve Adjustment
0.559 mm (0.022 in.)
Overhead Adjustment
Engine Brake Adjustment
2.286 mm (0.090 in.)
Maximum Overspeed Capability
(15 seconds maximum)
3,600 rpm
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 55 –
Maintenance Specifications
Lubricating Oil System
At Low Idle (minimum allowable)
69 kPa (10 psi)
At Rated Speed (minimum allowable)
207 kPa (30 psi)
Oil Pressure
Regulated Oil Pressure
517 kPa (75 psi)
Lubricating Oil Filter Capacity
3.78 liters (4 qt)
Standard Oil Pan
15.1 to 18.9 liters (16 to 20 qt)
Standard Oil Pan with Cylinder Block Stiffener Plate
16.1 to 19.9 liters (17 to 21 qt)
Standard Oil Pan
22.7 liters (24 qt)
Standard Oil Pan with Cylinder Block Stiffener Plate
23.7 liters (25 qt)
Oil Pan Capacity, Low to High
Total System Capacity (Oil Pan and New Oil Filter)
– 56 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
Cooling System
Coolant Capacity (engine only)
12.4 liters (13.1 qt)
Standard Modulating Thermostat Range
82 to 93°C (180 to 200°F)
Minimum Recommended Pressure Cap
103 kPa (15 psi)
Maxiumum Top Tank Coolant Temperature
107°C (225°F)
Winterfronts
774 cm² (120 in.²)
PACCAR
Minimum Allowed Air Passage Area
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 57 –
Maintenance Specifications
Filter Specifications
Filter Part Numbers
General Information
Fleetguard filters are standard on new PACCAR engines.
PACCAR recommends their use.
Fleetguard products meet all PACCAR test standards to provide the quality filtration necessary to achieve the engine's
design life. If other brands are substituted, the purchaser
should ensure the filter specification meet or exceed the
Fleetguard specifications.
PACCAR can not be responsible for problems caused by
non-genuine filters that do not meet PACCAR performance or
durability requirements.
Lubricating Oil Filter
Fleetguard Part Number
LF9009
Fuel Filter (primary, pressure side)
Fleetguard Part Number
FF5636
Fuel Filter (secondary, suction side, with
water-in-fuel sensor)
Fleetguard Part Number
FS1065
Crankcase Breather Element
Fleetguard Part Number
CV5060300
Aftertreatment DEF
Dosing Unit Filter
2880298
NOTE: An LF9009 lubricating oil filter must be used.
A venturi type lubricating oil filter must be used in
order to benefit from the bypass filtration section of
the lubricating oil filter. Do not use an LF3000 lubricating oil filter. Engine durability will be reduced by
using the wrong lubricating oil filter.
– 58 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Recommendations and
Specifications
Fuel Recommendations and Specifications
Fuel Recommendations
General Information
WARNING! It is unlawful to tamper with or
remove any component of the aftertreatment
system. It is also unlawful to use a Diesel
Exhaust Fluid (DEF) that does not meet the
specifications provided or to operate the vehicle/equipment with no Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF).
WARNING! Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) contains
urea. do not get the substance in your eyes. In
case of contact, immediately flush eyes with
large amounts of water for a minimum of 15 minutes. Do not swallow internally. In the event the
diesel exhaust fluid is ingested, contact a physician immediately. Reference the Materials Safety
Data Sheets (MSDS) for additional information.
CAUTION: Never attempt to create Diesel
Exhaust Fluid by mixing agricultural grade urea
with water. Agricultural grade urea does not
meet the necessary specifications required and
the aftertreatment system may be damaged.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
WARNING! Mixing other fuels with diesel can
cause an explosion. Do not mix gasoline, alcohol, or gasohol with diesel fuel. Make sure you
know your fuel source and use the recommended diesel fuel as indicated in this section
of the Operator's manual.
CAUTION: Dirt or water in the fuel system can
cause severe damage to both the fuel pump and
the fuel injectors. Due to the precise tolerances
of diesel injection systems, it is extremely
important that the fuel be kept clean and free of
dirt or water. Know your fuel source and make
sure all steps are taken for dispensing or using
clean fuel in your vehicle.
CAUTION: Lighter fuel can reduce economy or
possibly damage fuel system components.
Lighter fuels typically do not have enough
lubricity elements in the fuel to properly lubricate the fuel injection system. Be sure you follow the fuel recommendations as indicated in
this section of the operator's manual.
– 59 –
Maintenance Specifications
CAUTION: Using diesel fuels blended with lubricating may cause damage to your exhaust aftertreatment system. Service intervals for
aftertreatment systems will be reduced. Do not
use diesel fuel blended with lubricating oil in
engines equipped with an aftertreatment system.
At operating temperatures below 0°C [32°F], acceptable performance can be obtained by using blends of number 2D and
number 1D.
CAUTION: Do not use high sulfur diesel fuel as it
will damage the exhaust aftertreatment system.
Also, the engine will not meet emission regulations. Use only Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD)
fuel.
NOTE: The engine has been optimized for use with
an aftertreatment system together with ULSD fuel to
meet the 2010 U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) regulations.
Ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel is defined as diesel fuel not
exceeding 0.0015 (15 ppm) mass percent sulfur content
(ultra-low diesel fuel is also defined by ASTM 5-15). There
are no acceptable substitutes.
PACCAR recommends the use of ASTM number 2D fuel.
The use of number 2 diesel fuel will result in optimum engine
performance.
– 60 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
The following chart lists acceptable types of fuels for this
engine.
Acceptable Types of Fuels
Number 1D
Number 2D
Dieselab
Dieselb
Number 1K
Kerosene
Jet-A
Jet-A1
JP-5
JP-8
Jet-B
JP-4
CITE
OK
OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
48-34c
40-24c
50-35c
51-37c
51-37c
48-36c
51-37c
57-45c
57-45c
57-45c
a. Any adjustment to compensate for reduced performance with a fuel system using alternate fuel is not warrantable.
b. Winter blend fuels, such as found at commercial fuel dispensing outlets, are combinations of number 1D and number 2D diesel fuel and are
acceptable.
c. BTU Content/Degree API Gravity - Low API gravity fuels have a higher thermal energy content (BTU). As a general rule, there is a 3 to 5 percent decrease in BTU content for every 10 degree increase in API gravity, there is also a 0.7 degree API gravity increase with an increase in
fuel temperature. This decrease in energy content equates roughly to the same percentage of power loss. Use of fuels with higher API gravity
will cause higher than normal fuel consumption.
NOTE: PACCAR recommends that the cetane number of diesel fuel be a minimum of 45 for engines
that are expected to operate at temperatures below
0°C (32°F) and a minimum of 42 for engines that are
operated at temperatures above 0°C (32°F).
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
NOTE: Using diesel fuel with a lower than recommended cetane number can cause hard starting,
instability, and excessive white smoke. To maintain
satisfactory operation at low ambient temperatures,
it is important to specify diesel fuel of the correct cetane number.
– 61 –
Maintenance Specifications
NOTE: PACCAR requires all permissible fuels to
have adequate fuel lubricity. Lubricity can be measured by ASTM, specification D6079, ISO 12156,
High Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR) in which
the fuel must have a wear scar diameter of 0.52 mm
[0.02 in] or less.
Lubricating Oil Recommendations and
Specifications
General Information
CAUTION: Extending the oil and filter change
interval beyond the recommendations will
decrease the engine life due to factors such as
corrosion, deposits, and wear. Engine oil filters
capture dirt and remove deposits from the oil to
prolong the life of internal moving components.
Follow the oil and filter change intervals as recommended in this section of the manual.
Warranty and the Use of Biodiesel Fuel
PACCAR Inc approves the use of biodiesel fuel blends up to
5% by volume in diesel fuel that meets all of the following
three conditions:
• The biodiesel used in the blend meets ASTM Standard D 6751 or EN 14214 specifications.
• The biodiesel used in the blend is sourced from a
BQ-9000 Accredited Producer.
• The finished blend meets the fuel properties of
ASTM Standard D 975 or EN 590 specifications.
The use of approved biodiesel fuel does not affect the
PACCAR engine warranty. Failures caused by the use of
non-approved biodiesel fuels or other fuel additives that are
of unacceptable quality or do not meet specified industry
standards are not defects of PACCAR parts or workmanship
and therefore will not be a covered by the PACCAR engine
warranty.
The use of quality engine lubricating oils, combined with
appropriate oil drain and filter change intervals, is a critical
factor in maintaining engine performance and durability.
Extending the oil and filter change interval beyond the recommendations will decrease engine life due to factors such as
corrosion, deposits, and wear. Refer to “Oil Drain Intervals”
on page 49 to determine which oil drain interval to use for an
application.
NOTE: The responsibility is with the owner. If recommendations are ignored, warranty could be
affected.
API: American Petroleum Institute
– 62 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
CES: Cummins Engineering Standard
PACCAR allows, for midrange applications, the use of lubricating oils that meet or exceed CES 20078 or CES 20081
with no change in oil drain interval. But, if a non-low ash lubricating oil meeting the Cummins Engineering Standard (CES)
classification CES 20078 is used, the service interval(s) for
the aftertreatment system will be reduced.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 63 –
Maintenance Specifications
To determine if the lubricating oil meets CES 20078 or CES
20081, review the label on the back of the lubricating oil bottle for the CES 20078 or CES 20081 reference. If acquiring
the lubricating oil in bulk, contact the supplier for the lubricating oil specifications and confirm that the oil meets CES
20078 or CES 20081.
Also located on the lubricating oil bottle is the API service
symbol which is shown in the illustration. The upper half of
the symbol displays the appropriate oil categories. The center section identifies the SAE oil viscosity grade.
The table below shows how the Cummins Engineering Standard (CES) compares to the American Petroleum Institute
(API) classification.
Cummins Engine
Standard Classification
(CES)
American Petroleum
Institute Classification
(API)
CES-20071
CES-20072
CES-20076
CES-20077
API CH-4/SJ
Not recommended. Lubricating oil drain interval must be reduced by 50%. Aftertreatment
maintenance interval will be reduced.
CES-20078
CI-4/SL
Aftertreatment maintenance interval will be reduced.
CES-20081
CJ-4/SL
Maximum aftertreatment maintenance interval. No change in lubricating oil drain interval.
Comments
NOTE: A lubricating oil that meets the American
Petroleum Institute (API) performance classification
CJ-4/SL may not meet the CES 20081 requirement.
Always make sure the lubricating oil used meets the
CES 20081 requirement in addition to the API performance classification CJ-4/SL.
– 64 –
PACCAR recommends the use of high-quality SAE 15W-40
heavy-duty engine oil.
The primary PACCAR recommendation is for the use of
15W-40 multigrade lubricating oil for normal operation at
ambient temperatures above -15°C [5°F]. The use of multigrade oil reduces deposit formation, improves engine cranking in low temperature conditions and increases engine
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
durability by maintaining lubrication during high temperature
operating conditions. Since multigrade oils have been shown
to provide approximately 30 percent lower oil consumption
compared with monograde oils, it is important to use multigrade oils to be certain the engine will meet applicable emissions requirements.
Use of "synthetic engine oils" (those made with API group 3
or group 4 base stocks) is permitted subject to the same performance and viscosity limitations of petroleum (mineral)
based engine oils. The same oil change intervals must be
applied to synthetic oils that are applied to petroleum (mineral) based engine oils.
Synthetic engine oils, API Group III and Group IV basestocks, are recommended for use in PACCAR engines operating in ambient temperature conditions consistently below 25°C [-13°F]. Synthetic 0W-30 oils that meet the requirements of API Group III or Group IV basestocks, can be used
in operations where the ambient temperature never exceeds
0°C [32°F]. Multiviscosity oils rated 0W-30 do not offer the
same level of protection against fuel dilution as do higher
multigrade oils. Higher cylinder wear can be experienced
when using 0W-30 oils in high-load situations.
As these oils have directionally thinner oil films than 15W-40
oils, top-quality Fleetguard® filters must be used above 20°C
[70°F]. Some oil suppliers might claim better fuel economy
for these oils. PACCAR can neither approve nor disapprove
any product not manufactured by PACCAR. These claims
are between the customer and oil supplier. Obtain a commitment from the oil supplier that the oil will give satisfactory
performance in PACCAR engines or do not use the oil.
New Engine Break-In Oils
While the preferred viscosity grade is 15W-40, lower viscosity
multigrade oils can be used in colder climates. See the
accompanying chart. Any viscosity grade lower than 15W-40
must still meet CES 20081.
PACCAR
Special “break-in” engine lubricating oils are not recommended for new or rebuilt PACCAR engines. Use the same
lubricating oil that will be used during normal operation.
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 65 –
Maintenance Specifications
CAUTION: A sulfated ash limit of 1.85 percent
has been placed on all engine lubricating oils
recommended for use in PACCAR engines.
Higher ash oils can cause valve and/or piston
damage and lead to excessive oil consumption.
Coolant Recommendations and
Specifications
CAUTION: The use of a synthetic-base oil does
not justify extended oil change intervals.
Extended oil change intervals can decrease
engine life due to factors such as corrosion,
deposits, and wear.
The cooling system in your vehicle was factory filled with
Extended Life Coolant (ELC) that meets or exceeds all
ASTM D 6210 requirements. PACCAR recommends only
using a 50/50 mixture of distilled water and ELC when cooling system service is required. A 50/50 mixture of ELC and
distilled water will provide freeze protection down to -34°F
(-36.7°C), which is adequate for most locations in North
America. For extremely cold operating conditions, a 60/40
mixture (coolant/water ratio) can be used to provide freeze
protection down to -62°F (-52.2°C).
Aftermarket Oil Additive Usage
PACCAR does not recommend the use of aftermarket oil
additives. The present high-quality fully additive engine lubricating oils are very sophisticated, with precise amounts of
additives blended into the lubricating oil to meet stringent
requirements. These furnished oils meet performance characteristics that conform to the lubricant industry standards.
Aftermarket lubricating oil additives are not necessary to
enhance engine oil performance and in some cases can
reduce the furnished oil's capability to protect the engine.
– 66 –
Fully Formulated Coolant/Antifreeze
Your engine is also equipped with a Coolant Filter designed
to capture and remove harmfuil deposits from the cooling
system to help prolong system life.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
Good-quality water is important for cooling system performance. Excessive levels of calcium and magnesium contribute to scaling problems, and excessive levels of chlorides
and sulfates cause cooling system corrosion.
Water Quality
Calcuim Magnesium
(hardness)
Maximum 170 ppm as
(CaCO3 + MgCO3)
Chloride
40 ppm as (Cl)
Sulfur
100 ppm as (SO4)
Fully formulated antifreeze must be mixed with good quality
water at a 50/50 ratio (40- to 60-percent working range). A
50/50 mixture of antifreeze and water gives a -36°C [-33°F]
freezing point and a 108°C [226°F] boiling point, which is
adequate for locations in North America. The actual lowest
freezing point of ethylene glycol antifreeze is at 68 percent.
Using higher concentrations of antifreeze will raise the freezing point of the solution and increase the possibility of a silica
gel problem.
PACCAR vehicle engine-cooling systems are filled with fully
formulated extended-life coolant (ELC).
PACCAR
PACCAR recommends the use of fully formulated extended
life coolant that meets the requirements of Cummins Engineering Standard (C.E. S.) 14603 for top off and service.
If the replacement coolant is Chevron Texaco, Shell Rotella
or their private label counterparts which do not meet the elastomer compatibility section of CES 14603, the coolant must
be treated by adding 0.24 liter (8oz) of liquid silicate fluid for
every 45 liters (12 gal) of total coolant system volume. It is
critical to not over treat the coolant with silicate fluid. If overtreatment is suspected, drain the cooling system and discard
the filter. Clean the cooling system immediately. Symptoms
of silicate over-treatment can be thickened coolant in the
lower radiator tank, water pump seal leakage soon after silicate addition, reduced heater output and/or elevated engine
temperatures.
To obtain order forms or ask questions relative to ordering
the silicate fluid, contact:
Silicate Fluid Order Program
P.O. Box 27388
Houston, TX 77277-7388
Phone: 800-346-9041
Fax: 800-876-5317
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 67 –
Maintenance Specifications
If the replacement coolant is Chevron Texaco, Shell Rotella
or their private label counterparts the coolant must be
replaced with new coolant whenever the engine is overhauled or repairs involve the replacement of the following
components:
• Rocker lever housing gasket.
• Lubricating oil cooler housing gasket.
• Cylinder head gasket.
• Thermostat housing gasket.
For further details of engine coolant for PACCAR PX-8
engines, refer to Cummins Coolant Requirements and Maintenance Bulletin 3666132.
Checking Coolant Condition
To ensure the Extended Life Coolant (ELC) in your vehicle
always provides maximum freeze protection, perform the following tests:
A refractometer must be used to measure the freezing point
of the coolant accurately. Use Fleetguard ® refractometer,
Part Number C2800.
1. Check the coolant color at every maintenance interval. It should be a bright red with no signs of debris
or any oil.
2. Test the freeze point at least two times a year. A
refractometer or test strips can be used to measure
the protection level.
3. Keep the cooling system at full levels by topping-up
using ELC pre-diluted 50/50.
– 68 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
Recommended Extended Life Coolant Suppliers
Brand Name
Supplier
Authorized PACCAR engine
dealer
CAUTION: Do not use a floating ball hydrometer.
The use of floating ball hydrometers can give an
incorrect reading. Using a floating ball hydrometer for testing the freezing point of the coolant is
an inaccurate test and will cause a false reading
of the coolant freezing point. Use a refractometer to obtain an accurate test of the coolant
freezing point.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 69 –
Maintenance Specifications
Cooling System Sealing Additives
CAUTION: The use of sealing additives in the
cooling system will cause damage to the engine.
Sealing additives will plug various areas of the
radiators and oil cooler. The plugging of the
cooling system will hamper heat transfer thus,
causing internal engine damage. Do not use
sealing additives in the cooling system. The use
of sealing additives will:
• Buildup in coolant low-flow areas
• Plug the radiator and oil cooler
• Possibly damage the water pump seal.
Failure to comply may result in equipment or
property damage.
– 70 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
Maintenance Specifications
Cooling System Soluble Oils
CAUTION: Do not use soluble oils in the cooling
system. The use of soluble oils in the cooling
system will cause damage to the engine. Soluble
oils in the cooling system will:
• Corrode brass and copper
• Damage heat transfer surfaces
• Damage seals and hoses.
Failure to comply may result in equipment or
property damage.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 71 –
Maintenance Specifications
– 72 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
WARRANTY
PACCAR PX-8 Engine United States and
Canada Coverage
Products Warranted
first after the date of delivery of the Engine to the first purchaser. Additional coverage is outlined in the Emission Warranty section.
PACCAR Responsibilities
This warranty applies to new PACCAR PX-8 Engines sold
and used in the United States1 or Canada and operated in
on-highway applications with one exception - there is different warranty coverage for engines used in the fire apparatus
truck applications.
The PACCAR PX-8 Engine is warranted directly to the first
purchaser by PACCAR.
Base Engine Warranty
This warranty covers any failures of the Engine which result,
under normal use and service, from a defect in material or
factory workmanship (Warrantable Failure). This coverage
begins on the date of delivery and ends two years or 250,000
miles (402,336 kilometers) or 6,250 hours, whichever occurs
PACCAR will pay for all parts and labor needed to repair the
damage to the Engine resulting from a Warrantable Failure.
PACCAR will pay for the lubricating oil, antifreeze, filter elements, belts, hoses, and other maintenance items that are
not reusable due to the Warrantable Failure. PACCAR will
pay for reasonable labor costs for Engine removal and reinstallation when necessary to repair a Warrantable Failure.
PACCAR will pay for the first year from the date of delivery of
the Engine to the first purchaser reasonable costs for towing
a vehicle disabled by a Warrantable Failure to the nearest
authorized repair station. In lieu of the towing expense and in
its sole discretion, PACCAR may pay reasonable costs for a
mechanic to travel to and from the location of the vehicle
when an engine repair is performed at the site of the failure.
1. United States includes American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico,
and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 73 –
WARRANTY
Owner Responsibilities
Limitations
Owner is responsible for the operation and maintenance of
the Engine as specified in the applicable PACCAR Operator's Manual. Owner is also responsible for providing proof
that all recommended maintenance has been performed.
Your sole and exclusive remedy against PACCAR and the
Selling Dealer arising from your purchase and use of this
Engine is limited to the repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States and Canadian PACCAR
Engine Dealers, or an authorized Cummins Distributor, or an
authorized PACCAR Engine facility where applicable, subject to PACCAR's time, mileage, and hour limitations of the
engine warranty. The maximum time, mileage and hour limitations of the engine warranty begin running on the Date of
Delivery to the First Purchaser. The accrued time, mileage,
or hours is calculated when the engine is brought into an
Authorized Dealer for correction of warrantable failures.
Before the expiration of the applicable warranty, Owner must
notify a PACCAR authorized dealer or an authorized Cummins Distributor of any Warrantable Failure and make the
engine available for repair by such facility. The Warrantable
Failure must be brought to the attention of a PACCAR authorized engine dealer within 30 days of discovery. Owner must
also deliver the Engine to the authorized engine repair facility
during the warranty period unless deliver is impossible
because the Engine has been disabled by a Warrantable failure.
Owner is responsible for the cost of lubricating oil, antifreeze,
filter elements and other maintenance items provided during
warranty repairs unless such items are not reusable due to
the Warrantable Failure. Owner is responsible for communication expenses, meals, lodging and similar costs incurred
as a result of a Warrantable Failure.
Owner is responsible for non-Engine repairs and for "downtime" expenses, cargo damage, fines, all applicable taxes, all
business costs and other losses resulting from a Warrantable
Failure.
– 74 –
PACCAR is not responsible for failures or damage resulting
from what PACCAR determines to be abuse or neglect,
including, but not limited to: damage due to accident; operation without adequate coolants or lubricants; overfueling;
overspeeding; lack of maintenance of lubricating, cooling or
intake systems; improper storage, starting, warm-up, run-in
or shutdown practices; unauthorized modifications of the
Engine. PACCAR is also not responsible for failures caused
by incorrect oil or fuel or diesel exhaust fluid or by water, dirt
or other contaminants in the fuel, oil, or diesel exhaust fluid.
Failure of replacement parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not warrantable.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
WARRANTY
This warranty does not apply to accessories supplied by the
vehicle OEM which are covered by the OEM vehicle warranty.
Failures resulting in excessive oil consumption are covered
for the duration of the coverage or 250,000 miles (402,336
kilometers) or 6,250 hours from the date of delivery of the
Engine to the first purchaser, whichever of the three occurs
first. Before a claim for excessive oil consumption will be considered, Owner must submit adequate documentation to
show that consumption exceeds PACCAR published standards.
Failures of belts and hoses supplied by PACCAR are covered for the first year from the date of delivery of the Engine
to the first purchaser.
PACCAR does not warrant antifreeze, lubricants, filters, filter
elements, or any other part which is considered a maintenance item.
Parts used to repair a Warrantable Failure may be new parts,
approved rebuilt parts, or repaired parts. PACCAR is not
responsible for failures resulting from the use of parts not
approved by PACCAR. A new approved rebuilt part used to
repair a Warrantable Failure assumes the identity of the part
it replaced and is entitled to the remaining coverage hereunder.
PACCAR is not responsible for damage or loss resulting from
Engine horsepower/torque upgrades.
PACCAR
PACCAR Inc reserves the right to interrogate Electronic Control Module (ECM) data for purposes of failure analysis.
PACCAR DOES NOT COVER WEAR OR WEAROUT OF
COVERED PARTS.
THIS WARRANTY AND THE EMISSION WARRANTY SET
FORTH HEREINAFTER ARE THE SOLE WARRANTIES
MADE BY PACCAR IN REGARD TO THESE ENGINES.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE SOLE WARRANTY
MADE BY PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER.
EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY,
PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER MAKE NO OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. PACCAR AND
THE SELLING DEALER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ANY
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR WARRANTY OF
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO: LOSS OF
INCOME OR LOST PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES, VEHICLES OR
PROPERTY, ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND CARGO;
LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL CONTENTS; COMMUNICATION EXPENSES; LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE TAXES OR BUSINESS
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 75 –
WARRANTY
COSTS OR LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN RESPECT TO ANY OTHER
PERSON OR ENTITY.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
United States and Canada Fire Apparatus
Truck Applications Coverage
Products Warranted
This warranty applies to new PACCAR PX-8 Engines sold
and used in the United States1 or Canada and operated in
fire apparatus truck applications.
Base Engine Warranty
The Base Engine Warranty covers any failures of the Engine
which result, under normal use and service, from a defect in
material or factory workmanship (Warrantable Failure). This
coverage begins on the date of delivery to the first purchaser
and ends five years or 100,000 miles (160,935 kilometers),
whichever occurs first.
1. United States includes American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico,
and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
– 76 –
Engine aftertreatment components included in the PACCAR
Critical Parts List (CPL) and marked with a PACCAR part
number are covered under Base Engine Warranty. Additional coverage is outlined in the Emission Warranty section.
PACCAR Responsibilities
PACCAR will pay for all parts and labor needed to repair the
damage to the Engine resulting from a Warrantable Failure.
PACCAR will pay for the lubricating oil, antifreeze, filter elements, belts, hoses and other maintenance items that are not
reusable due to the Warrantable Failure. PACCAR will pay
for reasonable labor costs for Engine removal and reinstallation when necessary to repair a Warrantable Failure.
PACCAR will pay reasonable costs for towing a vehicle disabled by a Warrantable Failure to the nearest authorized
repair location. In lieu of the towing expense and at its sole
discretion, PACCAR will pay reasonable costs for a
mechanic to travel to and from the location of the vehicle
when its engine repair is performed at the site of the failure.
Owner Responsibilities
Owner is responsible for the operation and maintenance of
the Engine as specified in PACCAR Operator's Manual.
Owner is also responsible for providing proof that all recommended maintenance has been performed.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
WARRANTY
Before the expiration of the applicable warranty, Owner must
notify a PACCAR authorized dealer or an authorized Cummins Distributor of any Warrantable Failure and make the
engine available for repair by such facility. The Warrantable
Failure must be brought to the attention of a PACCAR authorized engine dealer within 30 days of discovery. Except for
Engines disabled by a Warrantable Failure, Owner must also
deliver the Engine to the repair facility.
Owner is responsible for the cost of lubricating oil, antifreeze,
filter elements and other maintenance items provided during
warranty repairs unless such items are not reusable due to
the Warrantable Failure.
Owner is responsible for communication expenses, meals,
lodging and similar costs incurred as a result of a Warrantable Failure.
Owner is responsible for non-Engine repairs and for downtime expenses, cargo damage, fines, all applicable taxes, all
business costs and other losses resulting from a Warrantable
Failure.
Owner is responsible for a $100 (U.S. Dollars) deductible per
each service visit under this plan in the 3rd, 4th, and 5th
years of base engine warranty. The deductible will not be
charged during the first two years of the base engine warranty.
Limitations
Your sole and exclusive remedy against PACCAR and the
Selling Dealer arising from your purchase and use of this
Engine is limited to the repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States and Canadian PACCAR
Engine Dealers, or an authorized Cummins Distributor, or an
authorized PACCAR Engine facility where applicable, subject to PACCAR's time, mileage, and hour limitations of the
engine warranty. The maximum time, mileage and hour limitations of the engine warranty begin running on the Date of
Delivery to the First Purchaser. The accrued time, mileage,
or hours is calculated when the engine is brought into an
Authorized Dealer for correction of warrantable failures.
PACCAR is not responsible for failures or damage resulting
from what PACCAR determines to be abuse or neglect,
including but not limited to: damage due to accident; operation without adequate coolants or lubricants; overfueling;
overspeeding; lack of maintenance of lubricating, cooling or
intake systems; improper storage, starting, warm-up, run-in
or shutdown practices; unauthorized modifications of the
Engine. PACCAR is also not responsible for failures caused
by incorrect oil, fuel or diesel exhaust fluid or by water, dirt or
other contaminants in the fuel, oil or diesel exhaust fluid.
Failure of replacement parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not warrantable.
This warranty does not apply to accessories supplied by
PACCAR which are covered by the OEM vehicle warranty.
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 77 –
WARRANTY
Failures resulting in excessive oil consumption are not covered beyond the duration of the coverage or 100,000 miles
(160,935 kilometers) or 6,250 hours from the date of delivery
of the Engine to the first purchaser, whichever of the three
occurs first. Before a claim for excessive oil consumption will
PACCAR DOES NOT COVER WEAR OR WEAROUT OF
COVERED PARTS.
be considered, Owner must submit adequate documentation
to show that consumption exceeds PACCAR published standards.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE SOLE WARRANTY
MADE BY PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER.
EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY,
PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER MAKE NO OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. PACCAR AND
THE SELLING DEALER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ANY
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR WARRANTY OF
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Failures of belts and hoses supplied by PACCAR are not
covered beyond the first year from the date of delivery of the
Engine to the first purchaser.
PACCAR does not warrant antifreeze, lubricants, filters, filter
elements, or any other part which is considered a maintenance item.
Parts used to repair a Warrantable Failure may be new parts,
approved rebuilt parts, or repaired parts. PACCAR is not
responsible for failures resulting from the use of parts not
approved by PACCAR. A new approved rebuilt part used to
repair a Warrantable Failure assumes the identity of the part
it replaced and is entitled to the remaining coverage hereunder.
PACCAR is not responsible for damage or loss resulting from
Engine horsepower/torque upgrades.
PACCAR Inc reserves the right to interrogate Electronic Control Module (ECM) data for purposes of failure analysis.
– 78 –
THIS WARRANTY AND THE EMISSION WARRANTY SET
FORTH HEREINAFTER ARE THE SOLE WARRANTIES
MADE BY PACCAR IN REGARD TO THESE ENGINES.
PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO: LOSS OF
INCOME OR LOST PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES, VEHICLES OR
PROPERTY, ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND CARGO;
LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL CONTENTS; COMMUNICATION EXPENSES; LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE TAXES OR BUSINESS
COSTS OR LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN RESPECT TO ANY OTHER
PERSON OR ENTITY.
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
WARRANTY
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
ation, whichever occurs first, as measured from the date of
delivery of the Engine to the first purchaser or (B) The Base
Engine Warranty.
Emission Warranty
If the vehicle in which the Engine is installed is registered in
the state of California, a separate California Emission Warranty also applies.
Products Warranted
This emission warranty applies to new PACCAR Engines
marketed by PACCAR that are used in the United States1 in
vehicles designed for transporting persons or property on a
street or highway.
Coverage
PACCAR warrants to the first purchaser and each subsequent purchaser that the Engine is designed, built and
equipped so as to conform at the time of sale by PACCAR
with all U.S. Federal emission regulations applicable at the
time of manufacture and that it is free from defects in material
or factory workmanship which would cause it not to meet
these regulations within the longer of the following periods:
(A) Five years or 100,000 miles (160,935 kilometers) of oper-
1. United States includes American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico,
and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
PACCAR
Replacement Parts
PACCAR recommends that any service parts used for maintenance, repair or replacement of emission control systems
be new or genuine approved rebuilt parts and assemblies,
and that the engine be serviced by an authorized PACCAR
Engine dealer or an authorized Cummins Distributor. Your
vehicle contains air, fuel, and electrical components that may
affect engine emission controls. The use of non-genuine
engine or vehicle replacement parts that are not equivalent to
the PACCAR engine or OEM vehicle manufacturer's original
part may impair the engine and vehicle emissions control
system from working or functioning effectively, and may jeopardize your emissions warranty coverage.
Limitations
Your sole and exclusive remedy against PACCAR and the
Selling Dealer arising from your purchase and use of this
Engine is limited to the repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States and Canadian PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 79 –
WARRANTY
Engine Dealers, or an authorized Cummins Distributor, or an
authorized PACCAR Engine facility where applicable, subject to PACCAR's time, mileage, and hour limitations of the
engine emission warranty. The maximum time, mileage and
hour limitations of the engine emission warranty begin running on the Date of Delivery to the First Purchaser. The
accrued time, mileage, or hours is calculated when the
engine is brought into an Authorized Dealer for correction of
warrantable failures.
Failures, other than those resulting from defects in material
or factory workmanship, are not covered by this Warranty.
PACCAR is not responsible for failures or damage resulting
from what PACCAR determines to be abuse or neglect,
including, but not limited to: damage due to accident; operation without adequate coolants or lubricants; overfueling;
overspeeding; lack of maintenance of lubricating, cooling or
intake systems; improper storage, starting, warm-up, run-in
or shutdown practices; unauthorized modifications of the
Engine. PACCAR is also not responsible for failures caused
by incorrect oil, fuel or diesel exhaust fluid or by water, dirt or
other contaminants in the fuel, oil or diesel exhaust fluid. Failure of replacement parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not warrantable.
THIS LIMITED EMISSION WARRANTY IS THE SOLE
WARRANTY MADE BY PACCAR RELATING TO THE
EMISSION EQUIPMENT. EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY, PACCAR MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
PACCAR
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO: LOSS OF
INCOME OR LOST PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES, VEHICLES OR
PROPERTY, ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND CARGO;
LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL CONTENTS; COMMUNICATION EXPENSES; LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE TAXES OR BUSINESS
COSTS OR LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN RESPECT TO ANY OTHER
PERSON OR ENTITY.
PACCAR is not responsible for non-Engine repairs, downtime expenses, cargo damage, fines, all applicable taxes, all
business costs or other losses resulting from a Warrantable
Failure.
– 80 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
WARRANTY
California Emission Control System
Warranty, On-Highway
If an emission-related part on your engine is found to have a
defect in material or factory the part will be repaired or
replaced by PACCAR. This is your emission control system
defects warranty.
Products Warranted
This Emission Control System Warranty applies to diesel
engines (hereafter, engines) certified with the California Air
Resources Board beginning with the year 2009, marketed by
PACCAR, and registered in California for use in on-highway
applications.
Your Warranty Rights and Obligations
The California Air Resources Board and PACCAR Inc are
pleased to explain the emission control system warranty on
your 2009 and subsequent model year diesel engine. In California, new motor vehicle engines must be designed, built
and equipped to meet the State's stringent anti-smog standards. PACCAR must warrant the emission control system
on your diesel engine for the periods of time listed below provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance of your diesel engine.
Your emission control system may include parts such as the
fuel injection system and engine electronic control module.
Also included may be hoses, connectors and other emission
related assemblies.
PACCAR
Manufacturer's Warranty Coverage
This warranty coverage is provided for five years or 100,000
miles (160,935) km or 3,000 hours of engine operation,
whichever first occurs from the date of delivery of the engine
to the first purchaser. Where a Warrantable Condition exists,
PACCAR will repair your engine at no cost to you including
diagnosis, parts and labor.
Owner's Warranty Responsibilities
As the engine owner, you are responsible for the performance of the required maintenance listed in your PACCAR
Operator's Manual. You are responsible for presenting your
engine to an authorized PACCAR Dealer or an authorized
Cummins Distributor as soon as a problem exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of
time, not to exceed 30 days.
PACCAR recommends that you retain all receipts covering
maintenance on your engine, but PACCAR cannot deny warranty solely for the lack of receipts or for the failure to ensure
the performance of all scheduled maintenance.
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 81 –
WARRANTY
As the engine owner, you should also be aware that
PACCAR may deny you warranty coverage if your engine or
a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance or unapproved modifications.
California Emissions Components
Statement for the PX-8 Engine (2010)
Emission Engine Coverage
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and
responsibilities, you should contact the vehicle OEM manufacturer at the customer center telephone number provided
with your vehicle operating instructions or the California Air
Resource Board at 9528 Telstar Avenue, El Monte, CA
91731.
This list of emission control parts may be covered by the
Emission Control System Warranty under certain failure
modes.
A warranted part which is scheduled for replacement as
required maintenance is warranted up to the first scheduled
replacement point.
Prior to the expiration of the applicable warranty, Owner must
give notice of any warranted emission control failure to an
authorized PACCAR Engine dealer or an authorized Cummins Distributor and deliver the engine to such facility for
repair.
Owner is responsible for incidental costs such as: communication expenses, meals, lodging incurred by Owner or
employees of Owner as a result of a Warrantable Condition.
Owner is responsible for downtime expenses, cargo damage, fines, all applicable taxes, all business costs, and other
losses resulting from a Warrantable Condition.
– 82 –
Aftertreatment System
• Aftertreatment Diesel Oxidation Catalyst
• Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate Filter
• Aftertreatment Selective Catalyst Element
• Aftertreatment Decomposition Tube
• Exhaust Piping from Turbocharger Outlet to Diesel Particulate Filter
• Selective Catalyst Reduction Outlet Temperature Sensor
• Pressure Protection Valve
• Plumbing between Pressure Protection Valve and HC
Doser
Crankcase Ventilation System
• Selective Catalyst Intake Temperature Sensor
• Crankcase Breather and Associated Plumbing Parts
• Crankcase Pressure Sensor
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
WARRANTY
Dash Lamps
• Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Lamp
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) System
• DEF Dosing Unit and Wiring
• DEF Tank and Associated Plumbing
• DEF Solution Level/Temperature Sensor
• DEF Dosing Valve and Associated Plumbing
• DEF Lines and Heating Elements
• Line Heater Control Relay
Electronic Control System
• Engine Control Module and Wiring Harness
• Coolant Temperature Sensor
• Compressor Inlet Temperature Sensor
• Fuel Pressure Sensor
• Charge Temperature/ Pressure Sensor
• Engine Position Sensor
• Exhaust Pressure Sensor
• Ambient Air Temperature Sensor
• Wire harness circuits connected at both ends to emissions warrantable components
• Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve and Associated Plumbing Parts
• Exhaust Gas Recirculation Cooler Outlet Temperature
Sensor
• Exhaust Gas Recirculation Cooler and Associated
Plumbing Parts
• Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Delta Pressure Sensor
and Associated Plumbing
• Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Venturi
• Turbocharger Speed Sensor
Exhaust System
• Exhaust Manifold
• Aftertreatment Temperature Sensors
• Aftertreatment Delta Pressure Sensor
Fueling System
• Injectors
• Fuel Pump and Associated Plumbing Parts
Exhaust Gas Recirculation System
• Compressor in Temperature/Pressure Sensor
PACCAR
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 83 –
WARRANTY
Intake System
• Intake Manifold
• Charge Air Cooler and Associated Plumbing Parts
• Turbocharger and Associated Plumbing Parts
• Turbocharger Actuator
• Grid Heater
• Intake NOx Sensor
• Outlet NOx Sensor
Replacement Parts
PACCAR recommends that any service parts used for maintenance, repair or replacement of emission control systems
be new or genuine approved rebuilt parts and assemblies,
and that the engine be serviced by an authorized PACCAR
Engine dealer or an authorized Cummins Distributor. Your
vehicle contains air, fuel, and electrical components that may
affect engine emission controls. The use of non-genuine
engine or vehicle replacement parts that are not equivalent to
the PACCAR engine or OEM vehicle manufacturer's original
part may impair the engine and vehicle emissions control
system from working or functioning effectively, and may jeopardize your emissions warranty coverage.
The owner may elect to have maintenance, replacement or
repair of the emission control parts performed by a facility
other than a PACCAR authorized dealer or an authorized
Cummins Distributor and may elect to use parts other than
– 84 –
new genuine approved rebuilt parts and assemblies for such
maintenance, replacement or repair; however, the cost of
such service or parts and subsequent failures resulting from
such service or parts will not be covered under this emission
control system warranty, except for Emergency Repairs as
described below.
PACCAR Responsibilities
The warranty coverage begins when the engine is delivered
to the first purchaser. Repairs and service will be performed
by any authorized PACCAR Engine, dealer or an authorized
Cummins Distributor using new or genuine approved rebuilt
parts and assemblies. PACCAR will repair any of the emission control parts found by PACCAR to be defective without
charge for parts or labor (including diagnosis which results in
determination that there has been a failure of a warranted
emission control part).
Emergency Repairs
In the case of an emergency where an authorized PACCAR
Engine dealer or an authorized Cummins Distributor is not
available, repairs may be performed by any available repair
location or by any individual using any replacement parts. A
part not being available within 30 days or a repair not being
complete within 30 days constitutes an emergency. PACCAR
will reimburse the Owner for expenses (including diagnosis),
not to exceed the manufacturers suggested retail price for all
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
WARRANTY
warranted parts replaced and labor charges based on the
manufacturers recommended time allowance for the warranty repair and the geographically appropriate hourly labor
rate. Replaced parts and paid invoices must be presented at
an authorized PACCAR Engine dealer or authorized Cummins Distributor as a condition of reimbursement for emergency repairs not performed by an authorized PACCAR
Engine dealer or an authorized Cummins Distributor.
Warranty Limitations
Your sole and exclusive remedy against PACCAR and the
Selling Dealer arising from your purchase and use of this
Engine is limited to the repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States and Canadian PACCAR
Engine Dealers, or an authorized PACCAR Engine facility
where applicable, subject to PACCAR's time, mileage, and
hour limitations of the engine emission warranty. The maximum time, mileage and hour limitations of the engine emission warranty begin running on the Date of Delivery to the
First Purchaser. The accrued time, mileage, or hours is calculated when the engine is brought into an Authorized Dealer
for correction of warrantable failures.
PACCAR is not responsible for failures or damage resulting
from what PACCAR determines to be abuse or neglect,
including, but not limited to: damage due to accident; operation without adequate coolants or lubricants; overfueling;
overspeeding; lack of maintenance of cooling, lubricating or
PACCAR
intake systems; improper storage, starting, warm-up, run-in
or shutdown practices; unauthorized modifications to the
engine. PACCAR is also not responsible for failures caused
by incorrect oil, fuel or diesel exhaust fluid or by water, dirt or
other contaminants in the fuel, oil or diesel exhaust fluid.
Failure of replacement parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not warrantable.
PACCAR is not responsible for failures resulting from
improper repair or the use of parts which are not genuine
approved parts.
PACCAR is not responsible for the material and labor costs
of emission control parts and assemblies replaced during
Scheduled Maintenance of the engine as specified in
PACCAR Operator's Manuals.
THIS WARRANTY, TOGETHER WITH THE EXPRESS
COMMERCIAL WARRANTIES ARE THE SOLE WARRANT I E S M A D E B Y P A C C A R I N R EG A R D T O T H E S E
ENGINES.
THIS LIMITED EMISSIONS WARRANTY IS THE SOLE
WARRANTY MADE BY PACCAR AND THE SELLING
DEALER. EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY, PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER MAKE NO
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER EXPRESSLY DIS-
Y53-1030A 12/09
– 85 –
WARRANTY
CLAIM ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
PACCAR AND THE SELLING DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO: LOSS OF
INCOME OR LOST PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES, VEHICLES OR
PROPERTY, ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND CARGO;
LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL CONTENTS; COMMUNICATION EXPENSES; LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE TAXES OR BUSINESS
COSTS OR LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN RESPECT TO ANY OTHER
PERSON OR ENTITY.
– 86 –
Y53-1030A 12/09
PACCAR
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