102000 - R&S SMC100A Service Manual

102000 - R&S SMC100A Service Manual
Service Manual
Signal Generator
R&S SMC100A
1411.4002K02
Test and Measurement
1411.4060.82-01-
1
Dear Customer,
throughout this manual, the Signal Generator R&S® SMC100A is abbreviated as R&S SMC.
R&S® is a registered trademark of Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG.
Trade names are trademarks of the owners.
1411.4060.82-01-
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R&S SMC100A
Chapter Overview
Chapter Overview
Index
Safety Instructions
Certificate of Quality
Customer Support
Procedure in Case of Service and Ordering of Spare Parts
Contents of Service Manual for the Signal Generartor R&S SMC100A
Chapter 1:
Performance Test
Chapter 2:
Procedures after Module Replacement
Chapter 3:
Repair
Chapter 4:
Software Update / Installing Options
Chapter 5:
Documents
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R&S SMC100A
Index
Index
P
A
Phase noise
Test assembly ..........................................................1.4
Power cables ..................................................................5.2
Power Supply Module .....................................................3.4
Protection service functions ..........................................3.13
Pulse modulation
Test procedure .......................................................1.36
Adjustments ................................................................... 2.1
Amplitude modulation
Test procedure.............................................. 1.24, 1.29
B
Boot problems
troubleshooting ...................................................... 3.10
R
C
Debug Page ................................................................. 3.13
Documents ..................................................................... 5.1
Rated characteristics
Checking ..................................................................1.1
Test procedures........................................................1.7
Reference frequency
Test procedure .........................................................1.7
Replacement
module....................................................................3.28
Replacing Fuses ...........................................................3.32
Residual
AM Test assembly ....................................................1.3
F
S
Fan does not work.......................................................... 3.9
Firmware update ............................................................ 4.1
Frequency
Test procedure......................................................... 1.8
Frequency Error .................................................. 3.25, 3.27
Fuses ........................................................................... 3.32
Software update..............................................................4.1
Spectral purity
Test procedure .......................................................1.11
Switch-on problems ........................................................3.8
I
Test assembly .........................................................1.2, 1.3
Analog modulations ...........................................1.2, 1.3
Output impedance ....................................................1.4
Residual AM .............................................................1.3
SSB phase noise ......................................................1.4
Test equipment ...............................................................1.1
Test frequency (recommended) ......................................1.6
Test Points....................................................................3.13
Test procedure
Amplitude modulation .................................... 1.24, 1.29
Frequency ................................................................1.8
Level.......................................................................1.18
Modulation generator..............................................1.22
Pulse modulation ....................................................1.36
Spectral purity ........................................................1.11
Test procedures..............................................................1.7
Troubleshooting
problems with booting.............................................3.10
switch-on problems...................................................3.8
test points and debug page.....................................3.13
Troubleshooting – Internal Adjustments ........................3.15
Check
Rated characteristics ............................................... 1.1
Check Front Panel ....................................................... 3.11
D
T
Internal Adjustments..................................................... 3.15
L
Level
Test procedure....................................................... 1.18
M
Measuring equipment
troubleshooting ........................................................ 3.6
Modulation
Analog Test assembly....................................... 1.2, 1.3
Modulation generator
Test procedure....................................................... 1.22
Module replacement..................................................... 3.28
Modules overview ........................................................ 3.28
Motherboard................................................................... 3.4
O
U
Option
installation................................................................ 4.2
list ............................................................................ 4.2
Output impedance
Test assembly.......................................................... 1.4
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Unit cannot be switched on.............................................3.8
Update of firmware..........................................................4.1
Update of software..........................................................4.1
I-1
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Basic Safety Instructions
Always read through and comply with the following safety instructions!
All plants and locations of the Rohde & Schwarz group of companies make every effort to keep the safety
standards of our products up to date and to offer our customers the highest possible degree of safety. Our
products and the auxiliary equipment they require are designed, built and tested in accordance with the
safety standards that apply in each case. Compliance with these standards is continuously monitored by
our quality assurance system. The product described here has been designed, built and tested in
accordance with the EC Certificate of Conformity and has left the manufacturer’s plant in a condition fully
complying with safety standards. To maintain this condition and to ensure safe operation, you must
observe all instructions and warnings provided in this manual. If you have any questions regarding these
safety instructions, the Rohde & Schwarz group of companies will be happy to answer them.
Furthermore, it is your responsibility to use the product in an appropriate manner. This product is designed
for use solely in industrial and laboratory environments or, if expressly permitted, also in the field and must
not be used in any way that may cause personal injury or property damage. You are responsible if the
product is used for any purpose other than its designated purpose or in disregard of the manufacturer's
instructions. The manufacturer shall assume no responsibility for such use of the product.
The product is used for its designated purpose if it is used in accordance with its product documentation
and within its performance limits (see data sheet, documentation, the following safety instructions). Using
the product requires technical skills and, in some cases, a basic knowledge of English. It is therefore
essential that only skilled and specialized staff or thoroughly trained personnel with the required skills be
allowed to use the product. If personal safety gear is required for using Rohde & Schwarz products, this
will be indicated at the appropriate place in the product documentation. Keep the basic safety instructions
and the product documentation in a safe place and pass them on to the subsequent users.
Observing the safety instructions will help prevent personal injury or damage of any kind caused by
dangerous situations. Therefore, carefully read through and adhere to the following safety instructions
before and when using the product. It is also absolutely essential to observe the additional safety
instructions on personal safety, for example, that appear in relevant parts of the product documentation. In
these safety instructions, the word "product" refers to all merchandise sold and distributed by the Rohde &
Schwarz group of companies, including instruments, systems and all accessories. For product-specific
information, see the data sheet and the product documentation.
Safety labels on products
The following safety labels are used on products to warn against risks and dangers.
Symbol
Meaning
Notice, general danger location
Symbol
Meaning
ON/OFF Power
Observe product documentation
Caution when handling heavy equipment
Standby indication
Danger of electric shock
Direct current (DC)
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Basic Safety Instructions
Symbol
Meaning
Symbol
Meaning
Caution ! Hot surface
Alternating current (AC)
Protective conductor terminal
To identify any terminal which is intended for
connection to an external conductor for
protection against electric shock in case of a
fault, or the terminal of a protective earth
Direct/alternating current (DC/AC)
Earth (Ground)
Class II Equipment
to identify equipment meeting the safety
requirements specified for Class II equipment
(device protected by double or reinforced
insulation)
Frame or chassis Ground terminal
EU labeling for batteries and accumulators
For additional information, see section "Waste
disposal/Environmental protection", item 1.
Be careful when handling electrostatic sensitive
devices
EU labeling for separate collection of electrical
and electronic devices
For additional information, see section "Waste
disposal/Environmental protection", item 2.
Warning! Laser radiation
For additional information, see section
"Operation", item 7.
Signal words and their meaning
The following signal words are used in the product documentation in order to warn the reader about risks
and dangers.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or
moderate injury.
Indicates information considered important, but not hazard-related, e.g.
messages relating to property damage.
In the product documentation, the word ATTENTION is used synonymously.
These signal words are in accordance with the standard definition for civil applications in the European
Economic Area. Definitions that deviate from the standard definition may also exist in other economic
areas or military applications. It is therefore essential to make sure that the signal words described here
are always used only in connection with the related product documentation and the related product. The
use of signal words in connection with unrelated products or documentation can result in misinterpretation
and in personal injury or material damage.
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Basic Safety Instructions
Operating states and operating positions
The product may be operated only under the operating conditions and in the positions specified by the
manufacturer, without the product's ventilation being obstructed. If the manufacturer's specifications are
not observed, this can result in electric shock, fire and/or serious personal injury or death. Applicable local
or national safety regulations and rules for the prevention of accidents must be observed in all work
performed.
1. Unless otherwise specified, the following requirements apply to Rohde & Schwarz products:
predefined operating position is always with the housing floor facing down, IP protection 2X, use only
indoors, max. operating altitude 2000 m above sea level, max. transport altitude 4500 m above sea
level. A tolerance of ±10 % shall apply to the nominal voltage and ±5 % to the nominal frequency,
overvoltage category 2, pollution degree 2.
2. Do not place the product on surfaces, vehicles, cabinets or tables that for reasons of weight or stability
are unsuitable for this purpose. Always follow the manufacturer's installation instructions when
installing the product and fastening it to objects or structures (e.g. walls and shelves). An installation
that is not carried out as described in the product documentation could result in personal injury or
even death.
3. Do not place the product on heat-generating devices such as radiators or fan heaters. The ambient
temperature must not exceed the maximum temperature specified in the product documentation or in
the data sheet. Product overheating can cause electric shock, fire and/or serious personal injury or
even death.
Electrical safety
If the information on electrical safety is not observed either at all or to the extent necessary, electric shock,
fire and/or serious personal injury or death may occur.
1. Prior to switching on the product, always ensure that the nominal voltage setting on the product
matches the nominal voltage of the mains-supply network. If a different voltage is to be set, the power
fuse of the product may have to be changed accordingly.
2. In the case of products of safety class I with movable power cord and connector, operation is
permitted only on sockets with a protective conductor contact and protective conductor.
3. Intentionally breaking the protective conductor either in the feed line or in the product itself is not
permitted. Doing so can result in the danger of an electric shock from the product. If extension cords
or connector strips are implemented, they must be checked on a regular basis to ensure that they are
safe to use.
4. If there is no power switch for disconnecting the product from the mains, or if the power switch is not
suitable for this purpose, use the plug of the connecting cable to disconnect the product from the
mains. In such cases, always ensure that the power plug is easily reachable and accessible at all
times. For example, if the power plug is the disconnecting device, the length of the connecting cable
must not exceed 3 m. Functional or electronic switches are not suitable for providing disconnection
from the AC supply network. If products without power switches are integrated into racks or systems,
the disconnecting device must be provided at the system level.
5. Never use the product if the power cable is damaged. Check the power cables on a regular basis to
ensure that they are in proper operating condition. By taking appropriate safety measures and
carefully laying the power cable, ensure that the cable cannot be damaged and that no one can be
hurt by, for example, tripping over the cable or suffering an electric shock.
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Basic Safety Instructions
6. The product may be operated only from TN/TT supply networks fuse-protected with max. 16 A (higher
fuse only after consulting with the Rohde & Schwarz group of companies).
7. Do not insert the plug into sockets that are dusty or dirty. Insert the plug firmly and all the way into the
socket provided for this purpose. Otherwise, sparks that result in fire and/or injuries may occur.
8. Do not overload any sockets, extension cords or connector strips; doing so can cause fire or electric
shocks.
9. For measurements in circuits with voltages Vrms > 30 V, suitable measures (e.g. appropriate
measuring equipment, fuse protection, current limiting, electrical separation, insulation) should be
taken to avoid any hazards.
10. Ensure that the connections with information technology equipment, e.g. PCs or other industrial
computers, comply with the IEC 60950-1 / EN 60950-1 or IEC 61010-1 / EN 61010-1 standards that
apply in each case.
11. Unless expressly permitted, never remove the cover or any part of the housing while the product is in
operation. Doing so will expose circuits and components and can lead to injuries, fire or damage to the
product.
12. If a product is to be permanently installed, the connection between the protective conductor terminal
on site and the product's protective conductor must be made first before any other connection is
made. The product may be installed and connected only by a licensed electrician.
13. For permanently installed equipment without built-in fuses, circuit breakers or similar protective
devices, the supply circuit must be fuse-protected in such a way that anyone who has access to the
product, as well as the product itself, is adequately protected from injury or damage.
14. Use suitable overvoltage protection to ensure that no overvoltage (such as that caused by a bolt of
lightning) can reach the product. Otherwise, the person operating the product will be exposed to the
danger of an electric shock.
15. Any object that is not designed to be placed in the openings of the housing must not be used for this
purpose. Doing so can cause short circuits inside the product and/or electric shocks, fire or injuries.
16. Unless specified otherwise, products are not liquid-proof (see also section "Operating states and
operating positions", item 1). Therefore, the equipment must be protected against penetration by
liquids. If the necessary precautions are not taken, the user may suffer electric shock or the product
itself may be damaged, which can also lead to personal injury.
17. Never use the product under conditions in which condensation has formed or can form in or on the
product, e.g. if the product has been moved from a cold to a warm environment. Penetration by water
increases the risk of electric shock.
18. Prior to cleaning the product, disconnect it completely from the power supply (e.g. AC supply network
or battery). Use a soft, non-linting cloth to clean the product. Never use chemical cleaning agents such
as alcohol, acetone or diluents for cellulose lacquers.
Operation
1. Operating the products requires special training and intense concentration. Make sure that persons
who use the products are physically, mentally and emotionally fit enough to do so; otherwise, injuries
or material damage may occur. It is the responsibility of the employer/operator to select suitable
personnel for operating the products.
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Basic Safety Instructions
2. Before you move or transport the product, read and observe the section titled "Transport".
3. As with all industrially manufactured goods, the use of substances that induce an allergic reaction
(allergens) such as nickel cannot be generally excluded. If you develop an allergic reaction (such as a
skin rash, frequent sneezing, red eyes or respiratory difficulties) when using a Rohde & Schwarz
product, consult a physician immediately to determine the cause and to prevent health problems or
stress.
4. Before you start processing the product mechanically and/or thermally, or before you take it apart, be
sure to read and pay special attention to the section titled "Waste disposal/Environmental protection",
item 1.
5. Depending on the function, certain products such as RF radio equipment can produce an elevated
level of electromagnetic radiation. Considering that unborn babies require increased protection,
pregnant women must be protected by appropriate measures. Persons with pacemakers may also be
exposed to risks from electromagnetic radiation. The employer/operator must evaluate workplaces
where there is a special risk of exposure to radiation and, if necessary, take measures to avert the
potential danger.
6. Should a fire occur, the product may release hazardous substances (gases, fluids, etc.) that can
cause health problems. Therefore, suitable measures must be taken, e.g. protective masks and
protective clothing must be worn.
7. Laser products are given warning labels that are standardized according to their laser class. Lasers
can cause biological harm due to the properties of their radiation and due to their extremely
concentrated electromagnetic power. If a laser product (e.g. a CD/DVD drive) is integrated into a
Rohde & Schwarz product, absolutely no other settings or functions may be used as described in the
product documentation. The objective is to prevent personal injury (e.g. due to laser beams).
8. EMC classes (in line with EN 55011/CISPR 11, and analogously with EN 55022/CISPR 22,
EN 55032/CISPR 32)
 Class A equipment:
Equipment suitable for use in all environments except residential environments and environments
that are directly connected to a low-voltage supply network that supplies residential buildings
Note: Class A equipment is intended for use in an industrial environment. This equipment may
cause radio disturbances in residential environments, due to possible conducted as well as
radiated disturbances. In this case, the operator may be required to take appropriate measures to
eliminate these disturbances.
 Class B equipment:
Equipment suitable for use in residential environments and environments that are directly
connected to a low-voltage supply network that supplies residential buildings
Repair and service
1. The product may be opened only by authorized, specially trained personnel. Before any work is
performed on the product or before the product is opened, it must be disconnected from the AC supply
network. Otherwise, personnel will be exposed to the risk of an electric shock.
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Basic Safety Instructions
2. Adjustments, replacement of parts, maintenance and repair may be performed only by electrical
experts authorized by Rohde & Schwarz. Only original parts may be used for replacing parts relevant
to safety (e.g. power switches, power transformers, fuses). A safety test must always be performed
after parts relevant to safety have been replaced (visual inspection, protective conductor test,
insulation resistance measurement, leakage current measurement, functional test). This helps ensure
the continued safety of the product.
Batteries and rechargeable batteries/cells
If the information regarding batteries and rechargeable batteries/cells is not observed either at all or to the
extent necessary, product users may be exposed to the risk of explosions, fire and/or serious personal
injury, and, in some cases, death. Batteries and rechargeable batteries with alkaline electrolytes (e.g.
lithium cells) must be handled in accordance with the EN 62133 standard.
1. Cells must not be taken apart or crushed.
2. Cells or batteries must not be exposed to heat or fire. Storage in direct sunlight must be avoided.
Keep cells and batteries clean and dry. Clean soiled connectors using a dry, clean cloth.
3. Cells or batteries must not be short-circuited. Cells or batteries must not be stored in a box or in a
drawer where they can short-circuit each other, or where they can be short-circuited by other
conductive materials. Cells and batteries must not be removed from their original packaging until they
are ready to be used.
4. Cells and batteries must not be exposed to any mechanical shocks that are stronger than permitted.
5. If a cell develops a leak, the fluid must not be allowed to come into contact with the skin or eyes. If
contact occurs, wash the affected area with plenty of water and seek medical aid.
6. Improperly replacing or charging cells or batteries that contain alkaline electrolytes (e.g. lithium cells)
can cause explosions. Replace cells or batteries only with the matching Rohde & Schwarz type (see
parts list) in order to ensure the safety of the product.
7. Cells and batteries must be recycled and kept separate from residual waste. Rechargeable batteries
and normal batteries that contain lead, mercury or cadmium are hazardous waste. Observe the
national regulations regarding waste disposal and recycling.
Transport
1. The product may be very heavy. Therefore, the product must be handled with care. In some cases,
the user may require a suitable means of lifting or moving the product (e.g. with a lift-truck) to avoid
back or other physical injuries.
2. Handles on the products are designed exclusively to enable personnel to transport the product. It is
therefore not permissible to use handles to fasten the product to or on transport equipment such as
cranes, fork lifts, wagons, etc. The user is responsible for securely fastening the products to or on the
means of transport or lifting. Observe the safety regulations of the manufacturer of the means of
transport or lifting. Noncompliance can result in personal injury or material damage.
3. If you use the product in a vehicle, it is the sole responsibility of the driver to drive the vehicle safely
and properly. The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for accidents or collisions. Never use the
product in a moving vehicle if doing so could distract the driver of the vehicle. Adequately secure the
product in the vehicle to prevent injuries or other damage in the event of an accident.
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Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
Waste disposal/Environmental protection
1. Specially marked equipment has a battery or accumulator that must not be disposed of with unsorted
municipal waste, but must be collected separately. It may only be disposed of at a suitable collection
point or via a Rohde & Schwarz customer service center.
2. Waste electrical and electronic equipment must not be disposed of with unsorted municipal waste, but
must be collected separately.
Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG has developed a disposal concept and takes full responsibility for
take-back obligations and disposal obligations for manufacturers within the EU. Contact your
Rohde & Schwarz customer service center for environmentally responsible disposal of the product.
3. If products or their components are mechanically and/or thermally processed in a manner that goes
beyond their intended use, hazardous substances (heavy-metal dust such as lead, beryllium, nickel)
may be released. For this reason, the product may only be disassembled by specially trained
personnel. Improper disassembly may be hazardous to your health. National waste disposal
regulations must be observed.
4. If handling the product releases hazardous substances or fuels that must be disposed of in a special
way, e.g. coolants or engine oils that must be replenished regularly, the safety instructions of the
manufacturer of the hazardous substances or fuels and the applicable regional waste disposal
regulations must be observed. Also observe the relevant safety instructions in the product
documentation. The improper disposal of hazardous substances or fuels can cause health problems
and lead to environmental damage.
For additional information about environmental protection, visit the Rohde & Schwarz website.
Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
¡Es imprescindible leer y cumplir las siguientes instrucciones e informaciones de seguridad!
El principio del grupo de empresas Rohde & Schwarz consiste en tener nuestros productos siempre al día
con los estándares de seguridad y de ofrecer a nuestros clientes el máximo grado de seguridad. Nuestros
productos y todos los equipos adicionales son siempre fabricados y examinados según las normas de
seguridad vigentes. Nuestro sistema de garantía de calidad controla constantemente que sean cumplidas
estas normas. El presente producto ha sido fabricado y examinado según el certificado de conformidad
de la UE y ha salido de nuestra planta en estado impecable según los estándares técnicos de seguridad.
Para poder preservar este estado y garantizar un funcionamiento libre de peligros, el usuario deberá
atenerse a todas las indicaciones, informaciones de seguridad y notas de alerta. El grupo de empresas
Rohde & Schwarz está siempre a su disposición en caso de que tengan preguntas referentes a estas
informaciones de seguridad.
Además queda en la responsabilidad del usuario utilizar el producto en la forma debida. Este producto
está destinado exclusivamente al uso en la industria y el laboratorio o, si ha sido expresamente
autorizado, para aplicaciones de campo y de ninguna manera deberá ser utilizado de modo que alguna
persona/cosa pueda sufrir daño. El uso del producto fuera de sus fines definidos o sin tener en cuenta las
instrucciones del fabricante queda en la responsabilidad del usuario. El fabricante no se hace en ninguna
forma responsable de consecuencias a causa del mal uso del producto.
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Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
Se parte del uso correcto del producto para los fines definidos si el producto es utilizado conforme a las
indicaciones de la correspondiente documentación del producto y dentro del margen de rendimiento
definido (ver hoja de datos, documentación, informaciones de seguridad que siguen). El uso del producto
hace necesarios conocimientos técnicos y ciertos conocimientos del idioma inglés. Por eso se debe tener
en cuenta que el producto solo pueda ser operado por personal especializado o personas instruidas en
profundidad con las capacidades correspondientes. Si fuera necesaria indumentaria de seguridad para el
uso de productos de Rohde & Schwarz, encontraría la información debida en la documentación del
producto en el capítulo correspondiente. Guarde bien las informaciones de seguridad elementales, así
como la documentación del producto, y entréguelas a usuarios posteriores.
Tener en cuenta las informaciones de seguridad sirve para evitar en lo posible lesiones o daños por
peligros de toda clase. Por eso es imprescindible leer detalladamente y comprender por completo las
siguientes informaciones de seguridad antes de usar el producto, y respetarlas durante el uso del
producto. Deberán tenerse en cuenta todas las demás informaciones de seguridad, como p. ej. las
referentes a la protección de personas, que encontrarán en el capítulo correspondiente de la
documentación del producto y que también son de obligado cumplimiento. En las presentes
informaciones de seguridad se recogen todos los objetos que distribuye el grupo de empresas
Rohde & Schwarz bajo la denominación de "producto", entre ellos también aparatos, instalaciones así
como toda clase de accesorios. Los datos específicos del producto figuran en la hoja de datos y en la
documentación del producto.
Señalización de seguridad de los productos
Las siguientes señales de seguridad se utilizan en los productos para advertir sobre riesgos y peligros.
Símbolo
Significado
Aviso: punto de peligro general
Observar la documentación del producto
Símbolo
Significado
Tensión de alimentación de PUESTA EN
MARCHA / PARADA
Atención en el manejo de dispositivos de peso
elevado
Indicación de estado de espera (standby)
Peligro de choque eléctrico
Corriente continua (DC)
Advertencia: superficie caliente
Corriente alterna (AC)
Conexión a conductor de protección
Corriente continua / Corriente alterna (DC/AC)
Conexión a tierra
El aparato está protegido en su totalidad por un
aislamiento doble (reforzado)
Conexión a masa
Distintivo de la UE para baterías y
acumuladores
Más información en la sección
"Eliminación/protección del medio ambiente",
punto 1.
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Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
Símbolo
Significado
Símbolo
Aviso: Cuidado en el manejo de dispositivos
sensibles a la electrostática (ESD)
Significado
Distintivo de la UE para la eliminación por
separado de dispositivos eléctricos y
electrónicos
Más información en la sección
"Eliminación/protección del medio ambiente",
punto 2.
Advertencia: rayo láser
Más información en la sección
"Funcionamiento", punto 7.
Palabras de señal y su significado
En la documentación del producto se utilizan las siguientes palabras de señal con el fin de advertir contra
riesgos y peligros.
Indica una situación de peligro que, si no se evita, causa lesiones
graves o incluso la muerte.
Indica una situación de peligro que, si no se evita, puede causar
lesiones graves o incluso la muerte.
Indica una situación de peligro que, si no se evita, puede causar
lesiones leves o moderadas.
Indica información que se considera importante, pero no en relación
con situaciones de peligro; p. ej., avisos sobre posibles daños
materiales.
En la documentación del producto se emplea de forma sinónima el
término CUIDADO.
Las palabras de señal corresponden a la definición habitual para aplicaciones civiles en el área
económica europea. Pueden existir definiciones diferentes a esta definición en otras áreas económicas o
en aplicaciones militares. Por eso se deberá tener en cuenta que las palabras de señal aquí descritas
sean utilizadas siempre solamente en combinación con la correspondiente documentación del producto y
solamente en combinación con el producto correspondiente. La utilización de las palabras de señal en
combinación con productos o documentaciones que no les correspondan puede llevar a interpretaciones
equivocadas y tener por consecuencia daños en personas u objetos.
Estados operativos y posiciones de funcionamiento
El producto solamente debe ser utilizado según lo indicado por el fabricante respecto a los estados
operativos y posiciones de funcionamiento sin que se obstruya la ventilación. Si no se siguen las
indicaciones del fabricante, pueden producirse choques eléctricos, incendios y/o lesiones graves con
posible consecuencia de muerte. En todos los trabajos deberán ser tenidas en cuenta las normas
nacionales y locales de seguridad del trabajo y de prevención de accidentes.
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Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
1. Si no se convino de otra manera, es para los productos Rohde & Schwarz válido lo que sigue:
como posición de funcionamiento se define por principio la posición con el suelo de la caja para
abajo, modo de protección IP 2X, uso solamente en estancias interiores, utilización hasta 2000 m
sobre el nivel del mar, transporte hasta 4500 m sobre el nivel del mar. Se aplicará una tolerancia de
±10 % sobre el voltaje nominal y de ±5 % sobre la frecuencia nominal. Categoría de sobrecarga
eléctrica 2, índice de suciedad 2.
2. No sitúe el producto encima de superficies, vehículos, estantes o mesas, que por sus características
de peso o de estabilidad no sean aptos para él. Siga siempre las instrucciones de instalación del
fabricante cuando instale y asegure el producto en objetos o estructuras (p. ej. paredes y estantes). Si
se realiza la instalación de modo distinto al indicado en la documentación del producto, se pueden
causar lesiones o, en determinadas circunstancias, incluso la muerte.
3. No ponga el producto sobre aparatos que generen calor (p. ej. radiadores o calefactores). La
temperatura ambiente no debe superar la temperatura máxima especificada en la documentación del
producto o en la hoja de datos. En caso de sobrecalentamiento del producto, pueden producirse
choques eléctricos, incendios y/o lesiones graves con posible consecuencia de muerte.
Seguridad eléctrica
Si no se siguen (o se siguen de modo insuficiente) las indicaciones del fabricante en cuanto a seguridad
eléctrica, pueden producirse choques eléctricos, incendios y/o lesiones graves con posible consecuencia
de muerte.
1. Antes de la puesta en marcha del producto se deberá comprobar siempre que la tensión
preseleccionada en el producto coincida con la de la red de alimentación eléctrica. Si es necesario
modificar el ajuste de tensión, también se deberán cambiar en caso dado los fusibles
correspondientes del producto.
2. Los productos de la clase de protección I con alimentación móvil y enchufe individual solamente
podrán enchufarse a tomas de corriente con contacto de seguridad y con conductor de protección
conectado.
3. Queda prohibida la interrupción intencionada del conductor de protección, tanto en la toma de
corriente como en el mismo producto. La interrupción puede tener como consecuencia el riesgo de
que el producto sea fuente de choques eléctricos. Si se utilizan cables alargadores o regletas de
enchufe, deberá garantizarse la realización de un examen regular de los mismos en cuanto a su
estado técnico de seguridad.
4. Si el producto no está equipado con un interruptor para desconectarlo de la red, o bien si el
interruptor existente no resulta apropiado para la desconexión de la red, el enchufe del cable de
conexión se deberá considerar como un dispositivo de desconexión.
El dispositivo de desconexión se debe poder alcanzar fácilmente y debe estar siempre bien accesible.
Si, p. ej., el enchufe de conexión a la red es el dispositivo de desconexión, la longitud del cable de
conexión no debe superar 3 m).
Los interruptores selectores o electrónicos no son aptos para el corte de la red eléctrica. Si se
integran productos sin interruptor en bastidores o instalaciones, se deberá colocar el interruptor en el
nivel de la instalación.
5. No utilice nunca el producto si está dañado el cable de conexión a red. Compruebe regularmente el
correcto estado de los cables de conexión a red. Asegúrese, mediante las medidas de protección y
de instalación adecuadas, de que el cable de conexión a red no pueda ser dañado o de que nadie
pueda ser dañado por él, p. ej. al tropezar o por un choque eléctrico.
1171.0000.42 - 08
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Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
6. Solamente está permitido el funcionamiento en redes de alimentación TN/TT aseguradas con fusibles
de 16 A como máximo (utilización de fusibles de mayor amperaje solo previa consulta con el grupo de
empresas Rohde & Schwarz).
7. Nunca conecte el enchufe en tomas de corriente sucias o llenas de polvo. Introduzca el enchufe por
completo y fuertemente en la toma de corriente. La no observación de estas medidas puede provocar
chispas, fuego y/o lesiones.
8. No sobrecargue las tomas de corriente, los cables alargadores o las regletas de enchufe ya que esto
podría causar fuego o choques eléctricos.
9. En las mediciones en circuitos de corriente con una tensión U eff > 30 V se deberán tomar las medidas
apropiadas para impedir cualquier peligro (p. ej. medios de medición adecuados, seguros, limitación
de tensión, corte protector, aislamiento etc.).
10. Para la conexión con dispositivos informáticos como un PC o un ordenador industrial, debe
comprobarse que éstos cumplan los estándares IEC60950-1/EN60950-1 o IEC61010-1/EN 61010-1
válidos en cada caso.
11. A menos que esté permitido expresamente, no retire nunca la tapa ni componentes de la carcasa
mientras el producto esté en servicio. Esto pone a descubierto los cables y componentes eléctricos y
puede causar lesiones, fuego o daños en el producto.
12. Si un producto se instala en un lugar fijo, se deberá primero conectar el conductor de protección fijo
con el conductor de protección del producto antes de hacer cualquier otra conexión. La instalación y
la conexión deberán ser efectuadas por un electricista especializado.
13. En el caso de dispositivos fijos que no estén provistos de fusibles, interruptor automático ni otros
mecanismos de seguridad similares, el circuito de alimentación debe estar protegido de modo que
todas las personas que puedan acceder al producto, así como el producto mismo, estén a salvo de
posibles daños.
14. Todo producto debe estar protegido contra sobretensión (debida p. ej. a una caída del rayo) mediante
los correspondientes sistemas de protección. Si no, el personal que lo utilice quedará expuesto al
peligro de choque eléctrico.
15. No debe introducirse en los orificios de la caja del aparato ningún objeto que no esté destinado a ello.
Esto puede producir cortocircuitos en el producto y/o puede causar choques eléctricos, fuego o
lesiones.
16. Salvo indicación contraria, los productos no están impermeabilizados (ver también el capítulo
"Estados operativos y posiciones de funcionamiento", punto 1). Por eso es necesario tomar las
medidas necesarias para evitar la entrada de líquidos. En caso contrario, existe peligro de choque
eléctrico para el usuario o de daños en el producto, que también pueden redundar en peligro para las
personas.
17. No utilice el producto en condiciones en las que pueda producirse o ya se hayan producido
condensaciones sobre el producto o en el interior de éste, como p. ej. al desplazarlo de un lugar frío a
otro caliente. La entrada de agua aumenta el riesgo de choque eléctrico.
18. Antes de la limpieza, desconecte por completo el producto de la alimentación de tensión (p. ej. red de
alimentación o batería). Realice la limpieza de los aparatos con un paño suave, que no se deshilache.
No utilice bajo ningún concepto productos de limpieza químicos como alcohol, acetona o diluyentes
para lacas nitrocelulósicas.
1171.0000.42 - 08
Page 11
Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
Funcionamiento
1. El uso del producto requiere instrucciones especiales y una alta concentración durante el manejo.
Debe asegurarse que las personas que manejen el producto estén a la altura de los requerimientos
necesarios en cuanto a aptitudes físicas, psíquicas y emocionales, ya que de otra manera no se
pueden excluir lesiones o daños de objetos. El empresario u operador es responsable de seleccionar
el personal usuario apto para el manejo del producto.
2. Antes de desplazar o transportar el producto, lea y tenga en cuenta el capítulo "Transporte".
3. Como con todo producto de fabricación industrial no puede quedar excluida en general la posibilidad
de que se produzcan alergias provocadas por algunos materiales empleados ―los llamados
alérgenos (p. ej. el níquel)―. Si durante el manejo de productos Rohde & Schwarz se producen
reacciones alérgicas, como p. ej. irritaciones cutáneas, estornudos continuos, enrojecimiento de la
conjuntiva o dificultades respiratorias, debe avisarse inmediatamente a un médico para investigar las
causas y evitar cualquier molestia o daño a la salud.
4. Antes de la manipulación mecánica y/o térmica o el desmontaje del producto, debe tenerse en cuenta
imprescindiblemente el capítulo "Eliminación/protección del medio ambiente", punto 1.
5. Ciertos productos, como p. ej. las instalaciones de radiocomunicación RF, pueden a causa de su
función natural, emitir una radiación electromagnética aumentada. Deben tomarse todas las medidas
necesarias para la protección de las mujeres embarazadas. También las personas con marcapasos
pueden correr peligro a causa de la radiación electromagnética. El empresario/operador tiene la
obligación de evaluar y señalizar las áreas de trabajo en las que exista un riesgo elevado de
exposición a radiaciones.
6. Tenga en cuenta que en caso de incendio pueden desprenderse del producto sustancias tóxicas
(gases, líquidos etc.) que pueden generar daños a la salud. Por eso, en caso de incendio deben
usarse medidas adecuadas, como p. ej. máscaras antigás e indumentaria de protección.
7. Los productos con láser están provistos de indicaciones de advertencia normalizadas en función de la
clase de láser del que se trate. Los rayos láser pueden provocar daños de tipo biológico a causa de
las propiedades de su radiación y debido a su concentración extrema de potencia electromagnética.
En caso de que un producto Rohde & Schwarz contenga un producto láser (p. ej. un lector de
CD/DVD), no debe usarse ninguna otra configuración o función aparte de las descritas en la
documentación del producto, a fin de evitar lesiones (p. ej. debidas a irradiación láser).
8. Clases de compatibilidad electromagnética (conforme a EN 55011 / CISPR 11; y en analogía con EN
55022 / CISPR 22, EN 55032 / CISPR 32)
 Aparato de clase A:
Aparato adecuado para su uso en todos los entornos excepto en los residenciales y en aquellos
conectados directamente a una red de distribución de baja tensión que suministra corriente a
edificios residenciales.
Nota: Los aparatos de clase A están destinados al uso en entornos industriales. Estos aparatos
pueden causar perturbaciones radioeléctricas en entornos residenciales debido a posibles
perturbaciones guiadas o radiadas. En este caso, se le podrá solicitar al operador que tome las
medidas adecuadas para eliminar estas perturbaciones.
 Aparato de clase B:
Aparato adecuado para su uso en entornos residenciales, así como en aquellos conectados
directamente a una red de distribución de baja tensión que suministra corriente a edificios
residenciales.
1171.0000.42 - 08
Page 12
Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
Reparación y mantenimiento
1. El producto solamente debe ser abierto por personal especializado con autorización para ello. Antes
de manipular el producto o abrirlo, es obligatorio desconectarlo de la tensión de alimentación, para
evitar toda posibilidad de choque eléctrico.
2. El ajuste, el cambio de partes, el mantenimiento y la reparación deberán ser efectuadas solamente
por electricistas autorizados por Rohde & Schwarz. Si se reponen partes con importancia para los
aspectos de seguridad (p. ej. el enchufe, los transformadores o los fusibles), solamente podrán ser
sustituidos por partes originales. Después de cada cambio de partes relevantes para la seguridad
deberá realizarse un control de seguridad (control a primera vista, control del conductor de
protección, medición de resistencia de aislamiento, medición de la corriente de fuga, control de
funcionamiento). Con esto queda garantizada la seguridad del producto.
Baterías y acumuladores o celdas
Si no se siguen (o se siguen de modo insuficiente) las indicaciones en cuanto a las baterías y
acumuladores o celdas, pueden producirse explosiones, incendios y/o lesiones graves con posible
consecuencia de muerte. El manejo de baterías y acumuladores con electrolitos alcalinos (p. ej. celdas de
litio) debe seguir el estándar EN 62133.
1. No deben desmontarse, abrirse ni triturarse las celdas.
2. Las celdas o baterías no deben someterse a calor ni fuego. Debe evitarse el almacenamiento a la luz
directa del sol. Las celdas y baterías deben mantenerse limpias y secas. Limpiar las conexiones
sucias con un paño seco y limpio.
3. Las celdas o baterías no deben cortocircuitarse. Es peligroso almacenar las celdas o baterías en
estuches o cajones en cuyo interior puedan cortocircuitarse por contacto recíproco o por contacto con
otros materiales conductores. No deben extraerse las celdas o baterías de sus embalajes originales
hasta el momento en que vayan a utilizarse.
4. Las celdas o baterías no deben someterse a impactos mecánicos fuertes indebidos.
5. En caso de falta de estanqueidad de una celda, el líquido vertido no debe entrar en contacto con la
piel ni los ojos. Si se produce contacto, lavar con agua abundante la zona afectada y avisar a un
médico.
6. En caso de cambio o recarga inadecuados, las celdas o baterías que contienen electrolitos alcalinos
(p. ej. las celdas de litio) pueden explotar. Para garantizar la seguridad del producto, las celdas o
baterías solo deben ser sustituidas por el tipo Rohde & Schwarz correspondiente (ver lista de
recambios).
7. Las baterías y celdas deben reciclarse y no deben tirarse a la basura doméstica. Las baterías o
acumuladores que contienen plomo, mercurio o cadmio deben tratarse como residuos especiales.
Respete en esta relación las normas nacionales de eliminación y reciclaje.
Transporte
1. El producto puede tener un peso elevado. Por eso es necesario desplazarlo o transportarlo con
precaución y, si es necesario, usando un sistema de elevación adecuado (p. ej. una carretilla
elevadora), a fin de evitar lesiones en la espalda u otros daños personales.
1171.0000.42 - 08
Page 13
Instrucciones de seguridad elementales
2. Las asas instaladas en los productos sirven solamente de ayuda para el transporte del producto por
personas. Por eso no está permitido utilizar las asas para la sujeción en o sobre medios de transporte
como p. ej. grúas, carretillas elevadoras de horquilla, carros etc. Es responsabilidad suya fijar los
productos de manera segura a los medios de transporte o elevación. Para evitar daños personales o
daños en el producto, siga las instrucciones de seguridad del fabricante del medio de transporte o
elevación utilizado.
3. Si se utiliza el producto dentro de un vehículo, recae de manera exclusiva en el conductor la
responsabilidad de conducir el vehículo de manera segura y adecuada. El fabricante no asumirá
ninguna responsabilidad por accidentes o colisiones. No utilice nunca el producto dentro de un
vehículo en movimiento si esto pudiera distraer al conductor. Asegure el producto dentro del vehículo
debidamente para evitar, en caso de un accidente, lesiones u otra clase de daños.
Eliminación/protección del medio ambiente
1. Los dispositivos marcados contienen una batería o un acumulador que no se debe desechar con los
residuos domésticos sin clasificar, sino que debe ser recogido por separado. La eliminación se debe
efectuar exclusivamente a través de un punto de recogida apropiado o del servicio de atención al
cliente de Rohde & Schwarz.
2. Los dispositivos eléctricos usados no se deben desechar con los residuos domésticos sin clasificar,
sino que deben ser recogidos por separado.
Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co.KG ha elaborado un concepto de eliminación de residuos y asume
plenamente los deberes de recogida y eliminación para los fabricantes dentro de la UE. Para
desechar el producto de manera respetuosa con el medio ambiente, diríjase a su servicio de atención
al cliente de Rohde & Schwarz.
3. Si se trabaja de manera mecánica y/o térmica cualquier producto o componente más allá del
funcionamiento previsto, pueden liberarse sustancias peligrosas (polvos con contenido de metales
pesados como p. ej. plomo, berilio o níquel). Por eso el producto solo debe ser desmontado por
personal especializado con formación adecuada. Un desmontaje inadecuado puede ocasionar daños
para la salud. Se deben tener en cuenta las directivas nacionales referentes a la eliminación de
residuos.
4. En caso de que durante el trato del producto se formen sustancias peligrosas o combustibles que
deban tratarse como residuos especiales (p. ej. refrigerantes o aceites de motor con intervalos de
cambio definidos), deben tenerse en cuenta las indicaciones de seguridad del fabricante de dichas
sustancias y las normas regionales de eliminación de residuos. Tenga en cuenta también en caso
necesario las indicaciones de seguridad especiales contenidas en la documentación del producto. La
eliminación incorrecta de sustancias peligrosas o combustibles puede causar daños a la salud o
daños al medio ambiente.
Se puede encontrar más información sobre la protección del medio ambiente en la página web de
Rohde & Schwarz.
1171.0000.42 - 08
Page 14
Instructions - Instrucciones
Instructions for Electrostatic Discharge Protection
Risk of damaging electronic components
To avoid damage of electronic components, the operational site must be
protected against electrostatic discharge (ESD).
Wrist strap with cord
Floor mat
Heel strap
Ground connection
of operational site
The following two methods of ESD protection may be used together or
separately:
, Wrist strap with cord to ground connection
, Conductive floor mat and heel strap combination
1171.0300.62
E/Esp-3
Instructions - Instrucciones
Instrucciones para la protección contra descargas
electroestáticas
Riesgo de avería de los componentes electrónicos
Para evitar averías en los componentes electrónicos, el área de trabajo
tiene que estar protegido contra descargas electroestáticas ESD (electrostatic discharge).
Muñequera con cordón
Estera
Talonera
Conexión a tierra del
área de trabajo
Los siguientes dos métodos de protección ESD pueden ser usados juntos o separados:
, Muñequera con cordón para conexión a tierra
, Combinación de estera antiestática y talonera
1171.0300.62
E/Esp-3
Procedure in Case of Service and Ordering of Spare
Parts
This section contains information on shipping an instrument to your service center and ordering spare
parts.
Please contact your local Rohde & Schwarz service center if you need service or repair work of your
equipment or to order spare parts. You can find the current address of your representative on our
.
homepage
Shipping the Instrument
We require the following information in order to answer your inquiry fast and correctly and to determine
whether the warranty is still valid for your instrument:
●
●
●
●
●
●
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Instrument model
Serial number
Firmware version
Must the instrument be returned with this firmware?
Detailed error description in case of repair
Indication of desired calibration
Contact person for possible questions
In some countries, an RMA process is available for the return shipment of the instrument. For details,
contact your local representative.
When shipping the instrument, be careful to provide for sufficient mechanical and antistatic protection.
●
●
Use the original packaging for transporting or shipping the instrument. The protective caps for the front
and rear prevent damage to the operating elements and the connectors.
If you do not use the original packaging, provide for sufficient padding to prevent the instrument from
slipping inside the box. Wrap antistatic packing foil around the instrument to protect it from electrostatic charging.
Rohde & Schwarz offers repair and calibrations of the test systems it produces. The calibration
documentation fulfills ISO 17025 requirements.
Shipping Defective Modules
Also when shipping a module, be careful to provide for sufficient mechanical and antistatic protection.
●
●
Ship the module in a sturdy, padded box.
Wrap the module in antistatic foil.
If the packaging is only antistatic but not conductive, additional conductive packaging is required. The
additional packaging is not required if the tightly fitting packaging is conductive.
Exception:
If the module contains a battery, the tightly fitting packaging must always consist of antistatic, nonchargeable material to protect the battery from being discharged.
1171.0200.61-02
1
Ordering Spare Parts
To deliver spare parts promptly and correctly, we need the following information:
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Stock number (see list of spare parts in chapter "Documents")
Designation
Component number according to list of spare parts
Number of pieces
Instrument type for which the spare part is needed
Instrument stock number
Instrument serial number
Contact person for possible questions
Refurbished Modules
Refurbished modules are an economical alternative to original modules. Bear in mind that refurbished
modules are not new, but repaired and fully tested parts. They may have traces from use, but they are
electrically and mechanically equivalent to new modules.
Your Rohde & Schwarz representative will be happy to inform you about which modules are available as
refurbished modules.
Taking Back Defective Replaced Modules
Defective modules of the replacement program which cannot be repaired are taken back within three
months following delivery. A repurchasing value is credited.
Excluded are parts which cannot be repaired, e.g. printed boards that are burnt, broken or damaged by
attempts to repair them, incomplete modules, and parts with severe mechanical damage.
Please return the defective replacement modules, together with the accompanying document for returned
merchandise, which you received with the spare module. We need the following information:
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Stock number, serial number and designation of the removed part
Detailed error description
Stock number, serial number and type of instrument from which the module was removed
Date of removal
Name of the engineer/technician who replaced the module
R&S ordering number
Service reference number (if available)
1171.0200.61-02
2
R&S SMC100A
User Documentation
Contents of User Documentation for the Signal Generator
R&S SMC100A
The user documentation describes the Signal Generator R&S SMC and all options. It includes a printed
Quick Start Guide and a CD-ROM with the complete operating and service manual in printable pdfformat and the data sheet.
The R&S SMC is equipped with a context-sensitive online help that offers a help page for each instrument function.
Quick Start Guide
The present quick start guide describes everything that is needed
to put the instrument into operation and to get familiar with the
generator. The quick start guide gives an introduction to remote
control and manual control via external monitor, mouse and keyboard.
The quick start guide is subdivided into 4 chapters plus index:
Chapter 1
describes the control elements and connectors
on the front and rear panel as well as all procedures required for putting the instrument into
operation.
Chapter 2
gives an introduction the operating concept and
typical applications of the R&S SMC.
Chapter 3
describes key operating modes, the structure of
the graphical interface and the principles of
manual control.
Annex
contains an index for the quick start guide.
Help System
The help system is embedded in the instrument, offering quick,
context-sensitive reference to the information needed for operation and programming. The help contains the complete user
documentation for the Signal Generator including the contents of
the present quick start guide.
The help files (*.chm) are also available on the CD-ROM and can
be used as a standalone help.
1411.4060.32
0.1
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User Documentation
R&S SMC100A
Documentation CD-ROM
The CD-ROM provides the complete user documentation for the
Signal Generator:
- The online help system (*.chm).
- The complete operating manual and service manual in printable
form (*.pdf).
- The data sheet (brochure and data sheet) in printable form.
- Links to different useful sites in the R&S internet.
Note: Please use the ADOBE Acrobat Reader for PDF files
and the browser Internet Explorer ≥ 4.0 for the HTML
help.
Optional Documentation
The printed version of the operating and service manual provides
the contents of the quick start manual plus the complete reference
and the service information for the Signal Generator. This manual
can be ordered as an option (stock no. 1411.4060.32 (English A4 format) or 1411.4060.39 (English - letter format )); see ordering
information in the data sheet.
Note: The CD-ROM contains the *.pdf version of the manuals.
Manual Control
The operating manual contains comprehensive information about
the instrument functions and remote control, in addition to the
chapters of the quick start guide. It includes information about
maintenance of the instrument and about error detection listing the
error messages which may be output by the instrument. It is subdivided into 10 chapters:
1411.4060.32
The data sheet
informs about specifications and characteristics of the instrument.
Chapter 1
describes the control elements and connectors on the front and rear panel as well as
all procedures required for putting the instrument into operation.
Chapter 2
gives an introduction to the operating concept and typical applications of the
R&S SMC.
Chapter 3
describes key operating modes, the structure of the graphical interface and the principles of manual control.
0.2
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R&S SMC100A
User Documentation
Chapter 4
forms a reference for manual control of the
R&S SMC and contains a detailed description of all instrument functions and their application. The chapter also lists the remote
control command corresponding to each instrument function.
Remote Control
Chapter 5
describes the basics for programming the
R&S SMC, command processing and the
status reporting system.
Chapter 6
lists all the remote-control commands defined for the instrument.
Chapter 7
-
Chapter 8
describes preventive maintenance and the
characteristics of the instrument’s interfaces.
Chapter 9
gives the status messages and a list of error messages that the R&S SMC may generate.
Annex
lists the remote-control commands in alphabetical order, and
contains an index of the operating manual.
Service Manual Instrument
The service manual - instrument informs on how to check
compliance with rated specifications, on instrument function,
repair, troubleshooting and fault elimination. It contains all information required for the maintenance of R&S SMC by exchanging modules. In addition it describes how to perform a
firmware update and how to install options.
Internet Site
The Internet site at: Signal Generator R&S SMC100A provides the
most up to date information on the R&S SMC. Additionally firmware updates including the associated release notes, instrument
drivers, current data sheets and application notes are provided for
download on the internet site.
The current operating manual at a time is available as printable
PDF file in the download area.
1411.4060.32
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E-1
R&S SMC100A
Contents "Performance Test"
Contents - Chapter 1 "Performance Test"
1 Checking the Rated Characteristics.................................................................. 1.1
Measuring Equipment and Accessories ........................................................................................1.1
Test Assemblies ...............................................................................................................................1.2
Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations ....................................................................1.2
Test Assembly for Pulse Modulation ........................................................................................1.3
Test Assembly for Residual AM ...............................................................................................1.3
Test Assembly for SSB Phase Noise and Jitter .......................................................................1.4
Test Assembly for Output Impedance (VSWR) .......................................................................1.4
Test Assembly for Setting Time ...............................................................................................1.5
Preparation, Recommended Test Frequencies and Levels .........................................................1.6
Test Procedures ...............................................................................................................................1.7
Reference Frequency...............................................................................................................1.7
Frequency ................................................................................................................................1.8
Spectral Purity ........................................................................................................................1.11
Internal Modulation Generator................................................................................................1.22
Amplitude Modulation.............................................................................................................1.24
Frequency Modulation ............................................................................................................1.29
Phase Modulation...................................................................................................................1.33
Pulse Modulation....................................................................................................................1.36
Pulse Generator .....................................................................................................................1.38
1411.4060.82
I-1.1
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Measuring Equipment and Accessories
1 Checking the Rated Characteristics
This performance test describes the steps for testing the R&S SMC Signal Generator family and the
installed options with respect to function and compliance with specifications.
In the following, the term DUT (Device under Test) is used for any signal generator of this family. The
tests to be performed depend on the installed options. The values are given in the data sheet of the
respective instrument.
Measuring Equipment and Accessories
Table 1-1
Measuring equipment and accessories
Item
Type of Instrument
Required Characteristics
1
Frequency counter
1 Hz to RFmax,
resolution 0.1 Hz
(included in spectrum analyzer
item 18)
2
Reference source for SSB
noise measurements
5
Signal generator
Suitable Instrument
R&S Order No.
Identical generator as DUT or
generator with at least 10 dB
lower SSB noise as DUT
Frequency range up to RFmax
R&S SMC100A with suited
frequency option
R&S SMB100A with suited
frequency option
Reference Synthesizer or
R&S SMA100A with option
R&S SMA-B106 or
R&S SMU200A with option
R&S SMU-B106
1411.4002.02
0.1 MHz to RFmax
R&S SMB with option
R&S SMB-B106
R&S SMU with options
R&S SMU-B106, -B10, -B31
or R&S SMA100A with option
R&S SMA-B106
1406.6000.02
1407.2909.02
1141.2005.02
1166.3506.08
6
Phase noise test assembly
Phase Noise Test Set or
Mixer: 10 MHz to RFmax,
branching filter 20 MHz,
DC decoupling after the mixer
R&S FSUP 8 or
FSU or FSQ with phase noise
measurement option
Mixer:
f < 1 GHz: Minicircuits ZFM2H
1 GHz < f < 6 GHz:
Miteq DB0118LA2
7
Oscilloscope
Bandwidth B 100 MHz,
two channels with DC coupling
Tektronix TDS 1012B or
similar
8
RF power meter
9 kHz to RFmax
R&S NRP with
R&S NRP-Z91
R&S NRP-Z51 or
R&S NRVS with
R&S NRV-Z5
R&S NRV-Z51
9
Low-noise preamplifier
9 kHz to 1 MHz
gain > 20 dB, input noise < 4 nV
(1 Hz)
10
VSWR bridge
100 MHz to RFmax
directivity > 30 dB
R&S ZRC or
Agilent 773D
12
RF power amplifier
10 MHz to RFmax,
power > 33 dBm
Mini Circuits ZHL-03-5WF
1411.4060.82
1.1
1406.6000.02
1158.2878
1400.0000.02
1405.0809.02
1142.2005.02
1141.8803.02
1400.0000.02
1405.0809.02
1143.8500.02
1168.8004.02
1138.0005.02
1020.1809.02
0828.3818.02
0857.9004.02
based an ADI AD829
1039.9492.55
E-1
Test Assemblies
R&S SMC100A
Item
Type of Instrument
Required Characteristics
Suitable Instrument
13
Pulse generator
Pulse repetition frequency at least
10 kHz
R&S SMC100A or
R&S Order No.
R&S SMB100A equipped with
option K23 or
R&S SMA100A
14
AC/DC voltmeter
10 Hz to 100 kHz
15
Broadband FM
demodulator
included in spectrum analyzer
item 18
16
RF attenuator
17
18
19
R&S URE3
350.5315.03
DC to RFmax, 10 dB, system N
R&S DNF
0272.4210.50
RF attenuator
DC to RFmax, 3 dB, system N
R&S DNF
0272.4010.50
RF analyzer &
Demodulator for analog
modulations &
FM-demodulator
9 kHz to RFmax * 3
R&S FSMR26 with options
R&S FSU-B25
R&S FS-B223 or
1166.3311.26
1044.9298.02
1157.1955.26
R&S FSQ26 with options
R&S FSU-B25
R&S FSQ K7
1155.5001.26
1044.9298.02
1141.1796.02
Feed-through termination
50
R&S RAD
0289.8966.00
, BNC system
Test Assemblies
Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations
Test equipment
-
RF analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
Signal generator (Table 1-1, item 5)
Test setup
The RF analyzer is used as a modulation analyzer. The signal
generator is used as modulation source in case of external
modulation.
10 MHz Ref.
Signal
Generator
LF
10 MHz Ref.
RF
Analyzer
DUT
RF
1411.4060.82
1.2
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Assemblies
Test Assembly for Pulse Modulation
Test equipment
-
Oscilloscope (Table 1-1, item 3)
Signal generator (Table 1-1, item 5)
Mixer
Test setup
The pulsed RF is mixed down to DC in phase and analyzed with an
oscilloscope.
10 MHz Ref.
Pulse
LO
6 dB
RF
6 dB
RF
Test Assembly for Residual AM
Test equipment
-
RF analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
Zero Bias Schottky Detector (Table 1-1, item 20)
Low Noise Preamplifier 10 Hz – 30kHz, >30dB Gain
(Table 1-1, item 9)
10 MHz Ref.
Test setup
RF
Analyzer
DUT
RF
Detector
1411.4060.82
1.3
Preamp.
E-1
Test Assemblies
R&S SMC100A
Test Assembly for SSB Phase Noise and Jitter
Test equipment
-
SSB reference source (Table 1-1 item 2),
Phase noise test assembly consisting of
Spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1 item 18)
10 MHz Ref.
Test setup
LO
IF
RF
RF
Test Assembly for Output Impedance (VSWR)
Test equipment
-
VSWR bridge (Table 1-1, item 10),
Second signal generator (Table 1-1, item 5)
Spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
Test setup
2nd RF
6 dB
OUTPUT
COUPLED
INPUT
10 MHz Ref.
Note:
1411.4060.82
The INPUT of the directional coupler is directly screwed
to the DUT. The second signal generator is connected to
the line connector (OUTPUT), the analyzer to the
coupling output (COUPLED) of the directional coupler.
1.4
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Assemblies
Test Assembly for Setting Time
Test equipment
-
Spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
Pulse generator (Table 1-1, item 13)
Test setup
Pulse generator
Trigger pulse
DUT
10 MHz Ref.
RF
Analyzer
RF
1411.4060.82
1.5
E-1
Preparation, Recommended Test Frequencies and Levels
R&S SMC100A
Preparation, Recommended Test Frequencies and Levels
To ensure proper conditions for the performance test and prevent setting errors, the instrument must be
prepared as follows:
• Allow for a minimum warm-up time of 30 minutes at ambient temperature.
• Carry out all internal adjustments (see operating manual, chapter 4, section "Internal Adjustment Setup-System").
• Press PRESET to establish a defined initial state before configuring a new measurement.
The following sections describe the procedures for checking the rated values. The values are specified
in the data sheet. Additional uncertainties introduced by the measurement equipment must be taken
into account when checking the rated values.
The following table lists the important internal switch point frequencies and the recommended
measurement frequencies derived from these frequencies. We recommend measurements at these
frequencies unless particular test frequencies are specified. In the following, RFmax is the maximal settable
RF (depending on installed options).
Table 1-2
Range limits, main test frequencies for CW Mode
Range
Frequency
Direct DDS
Synthesis
9 kHz
Hardware switching points
Divider/128
23.4375 MHz < f
25 MHz
9 kHz; 200 kHz; 1 MHz; 5 MHz;
10 MHz; 23.4375 MHz
23.438 MHz; 24.999 MHz
Divider /64
25 MHz < f
50 MHz
32 MHz; 50 MHz
25.01 MHz; 31.99 MHz; 49.99 MHz
Divider /32
50 MHz < f
100 MHz
71 MHz; 100 MHz
50.01 MHz; 70.9 MHz; 99.9 MHz
Divider /16
100 MHz < f
200 MHz
141 MHz; 200 MHz
100.1 MHz; 140.9 MHz; 199.9 MHz
Divider /8
200 MHz < f
400 MHz
283 MHz; 400MHz
200.1 MHz; 282.9 MHz; 399.9 MHz
Divider /4
400 MHz < f
800 MHz
566 MHz; 800 MHz
400.1 MHz; 565.9 MHz; 799.9 MHz
Divider /2
800 MHz < f
1.6 GHz
1131 MHz; 1600 MHz
Base octave
1.6 GHz < f
800.1 MHz; 1100 MHz; 1130.9 MHz;
1599.9 MHz
1600.1 MHz; 2262.9 MHz; 3.2 GHz
f
23.4375 MHz
25 MHz
3.2 GHz
23.4375 MHz
Recommended test frequencies
2263 MHz
RFmax ist the maximum output frequency of the instrument according to its frequency option (1.1 GHz or
3.2 GHz).
For high-resolution measurements in the entire frequency range, a logarithmic frequency grid in 1-2-5
sequence is recommended up to 50 MHz; above this value, linear 50 MHz steps should be used up to
the upper limit frequency.
The recommended test levels are at the upper and lower switching threshold of the attenuator. The
electronic attenuator of the DUT is switched depending on frequency, modulation parameters and level
according to an internal stored table in approximately 4 dB steps. The switching thresholds can be
detected under Attenuator fixed range in the Level menu. After setting all other parameters, the
threshold level can be detected by level variation. The level at which the attenuator fixed range changes
is the threshold. By measuring at the last level setting of one range and the first level setting of the next
range, the internal setting range borders are used. In the following, Pmin is the lowest level before
switching the attenuator, and Pmax the highest.
1411.4060.82
1.6
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Test Procedures
Reference Frequency
Output of Internal Reference
Important: Allow the DUT to warm up for at least 2 hours before the measurement.
Test equipment
Frequency counter (Table 1-1, item 1)
Test setup
Connect a calibrated frequency counter to the REF OUT output (on
rear panel).
Measurement
1411.4060.82
Measure the frequency.
The frequency deviation must not exceed the sum of
deviations resulting from the frequency error in the rated
temperature range and from aging.
1.7
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Input for External Reference
Test equipment
-
Test method
Preparation of measurement
Measurement
Frequency counter (Table 1-1, item 1)
Signal generator (Table 1-1, item 5)
The external reference input frequency of the DUT is varied according
to the data sheet and the RF output signal frequency is controlled with
a frequency counter to follow this variation.
Connect the signal generator RF output to the REF IN input for
the external reference (on rear panel) of the DUT. Connect a
calibrated frequency counter to the RF output. Synchronize the
signal generator and the frequency counter.
Setting on DUT:
- RF on
- Level: 0 dBm (suitable level for the frequency counter)
- Frequency: 1 GHz
- Setup Reference Oscillator Source: External
Setting on signal generator:
- RF on
- Level: 0 dBm
Set the signal generator frequency to 9.99997 MHz and
10.0003 MHz. Measure the output frequency of the DUT.
Signal generator frequency 9.99997 MHz 10.0003 MHz
DUT frequency
999.997 MHz 1000.03 MHz
There must be no relative frequency error and no error
message in the display of the DUT.
Frequency
Frequency Setting
Test equipment
Test method
Measurement
1411.4060.82
The frequency setting is checked by running the internal
synthesizer adjustments to check the frequency overlap of the
VCOs.
Run: Setup Internal Adjustments
There must be no error message.
1.8
Adjust Synthesis
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Setting Time (only for Option R&S SMC-K4)
Test assembly
See section "Test Assembly for Setting Time", page 1.5. For
measuring after IEC/IEEE bus delimiter the EOI-line of the IEC/IEEE
bus is used as trigger signal instead of the pulse generator.
Test method
The spectrum analyzer operates as an FM demodulator. A controller
transmits the start and the stop frequency via the IEC/IEEE bus. The
analyzer is triggered by the positive edge on the EOI line of the
IEC/IEEE bus or the trigger pulse in list mode. At switch over from start
to stop frequency, the settling procedure is displayed on the screen of
the analyzer.
Preparation of measurement
Synchronize the reference frequencies of the DUT and the
analyzer.
Make IEC/IEEE bus and RF connections.
Connect spectrum analyzers trigger connector to EOI line (pin 5) of
IEC/IEEE bus.
Settings on DUT:
- Frequency: start frequency unmodulated,
- Level: 0 dBm
Settings on spectrum analyzer:
- AMPT/REF LEVEL 0 dBm
- FREQ/CENTER/STOP FREQUENCY
- FM DEMOD ON
- DEMOD BW 50 kHz
- RANGE /DEVIATION PER DIV 200 Hz
- MEAS TIME 10 ms
- TRIGGER EXTERN
- External triggering by positive edge at 1.4 V.
Measurement
Settings on analyzer: - Set the analyzer to the stop frequency
Set the DUT to the start frequency fstart
Send the stop frequency fstop from the controller to the DUT.
The externally triggered analyzer displays the settling curve. The
setting time is defined as the time from which on the frequency
deviation from the stop frequency is less than the specified
deviation in the data sheet.
Repeat the measurement with ALC state Off:
RF Automatic Level Control State OFF (Sample & Hold)
1411.4060.82
fstart
fstop
Deviation
23.4 MHz
1100 MHz
±110 Hz
799.9 MHz
800.1 MHz
±80 Hz
1.9
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Example of Measurement:
IFB 200 kHz
Ref
1 AP
CLRWR
0 Hz
Att
25 dB
AQT 5.12 ms
Marker 1 [T1 ]
38.504081726 Hz
1.337436 ms
1k
*
800
A
SGL
TRG
600
400
200
1
0
EXT
-200
-400
-600
-800
-1k
Center 750.1 MHz
Date: 14.FEB.2008
512
s/
18:58:23
The marker is set to the time when the trace enters the specified interval of 750.1 MHz ± 75 Hz. The
setting time is 1.34 ms.
1411.4060.82
1.10
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Spectral Purity
Harmonics
Test equipment
Spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
Test setup
Connect the spectrum analyzer to the RF output of the DUT.
Synchronize the reference frequencies of analyzer and DUT.
Measurement
Settings on analyzer:
Reference level = 20 dBm, 10 dB/div.
Span 0 Hz,
Resolution bandwidth 10 kHz
Settings on DUT:
- Frequency: test frequencies, unmodulated
- Level: test levels
First measure the level of the fundamental Pf at the test frequency f
as a reference. Then measure the signal levels P2*f and P3*f at twice
and three times the carrier frequency f.
The harmonic spacing is the measured harmonic level referred to
the fundamental:
HD2 = Pf - P2*f
HD3 = Pf – P3*f
(in dBc = referred to the carrier)
Recommended test
frequencies and levels
1411.4060.82
Test frequencies: 1 MHz, 32.1 MHz, 71.1 MHz, 141.1 MHz, 283.1
MHz, 567 MHz, 1132 MHz, 2264 MHz
Test level: +8dBm
1.11
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Nonharmonics
Test equipment
Same as for harmonics
Test setup
Same as for harmonics
Measurement
Setting on analyzer:
Reference level = 0 dBm, 10 dB/div.
Span 50 Hz,
Resolution bandwidth 10 Hz
Setting on DUT
Level = 0 dBm
First the carrier level Pf is measured at the test frequency f as
reference and then the signal level Psearch is measured at the
analyzer search frequency.
The nonharmonic spacing D is the measured level referred to the
reference level:
D = Pf - Psearch
(in dBc = referred to the carrier)
Note:
Some of the nonharmonics suppression values measured might be
outside the analyzer specifications. In case of doubt, repeat the
measurement with a 3 dB attenuator at the analyzer input. If the
nonharmonic spacing changes the nonharmonic is due to the
analyzer.
Alternative:
Check with a second source with differing synthesizer architecture
(not a R&S SMC).
Recommended settings and search frequencies:
DUT Frequency
13 MHz
13 MHz
17 MHz
23.4375 MHz
23.4375 MHz
1087.732 MHz
3075.656 MHz
1411.4060.82
Analyzer search
frequency
9 MHz
22 MHz
15 MHz
6.25 MHz
29.6875 MHz
1087.796 MHz
3075.72 MHz
1.12
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Non-systematic nonharmonics
Measurement
Settings on DUT:
Test frequency 1 GHz
Test level 0dBm unmodulated
Recommended settings on analyzer:
- Max peak detector
- Filter Type: FFT
- Ref-Level 0 dBm
- Set analyzer center frequency to 1 GHz, span to 40 MHz and
resolution bandwidth to 2 kHz
- Measure carrier level P
- all signals other than the carrier must be below P – 60 dB
- Set analyzer span to 100 kHz and resolution bandwidth to 200 Hz
- all signals other than the carrier must be below P – 60 dB
Note:
Some of the nonharmonics suppression values to be measured
might be outside analyzer specifications. In case of doubt, repeat
the measurement with a 3 dB attenuator pad at the analyzer input.
If the nonharmonics suppression changes the nonharmonics are
due to the analyzer. Because of the bell-shaped noise of the
analyzer near the carrier, smaller resolution bandwidths may have
to be used. To exclude amplitude independent nonharmonics of the
analyzer, use a second generator with different synthesis
architecture.
1411.4060.82
1.13
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Wideband Noise
Test assembly
Test method
Measurement
Evaluation
Connect spectrum analyzer to RF socket of the DUT.
The carrier power is measured first. Then the center frequency of the
analyzer is increased by 10 MHz and the noise power in a small
bandwidth is measured. The difference of the carrier power and the
noise power in 1 Hz bandwidth, which is calculated from the
measurement, is defined as wideband noise. Because wideband
noise degrades with lower electronic levels in front of the output step
attenuator the output level of the generator has to be set to the lowest
level before switching the step attenuator.
Settings on DUT:
- frequency: test frequency
- Level: 0 dBm
- determine Att-fixed range upper Level Pupper:
- RF Level Att fixed range upper
- set level to Pupper + 0.1 dB
Settings on analyzer:
- center: test frequency
- reference level Pupper + 1 dB
- Attenuator Dmin = Pupper - P1dBM + 5dB round to next larger
available Attenuation of the analyzer (P1dBM = analyzer P1dB level
at test frequency)
- span 110 kHz
- Detector RMS
- Sweep Time Manual 1s
- switch on channel power measurement with 100 kHz bandwidth
Determine the channel power with the center frequency of the
analyzer set to the test frequency and note it down as Pref.
Increase the analyzer center frequency by 9.9 MHz.
Inhibit the switching of the attenuator with AMPT RF ATTEN
MANUAL without entering a value so that the input mixer is not
overdriven.
Lower the reference level of the analyzer by 20 dB, read the new
channel power Pnoise.
Minimize the output level on the DUT by means of RF OFF, read
the channel power Pres.
If the power
Pres < Pnoise - 0.41 dB
the inherent noise power of the analyzer can be subtracted:
Wideband _ Noise = Pref + log10(10 Pnoise 10 Pr es ) 50dB
If the power
Pres > Pnoise 0.41 dB
the analyzer resolution is not sufficient for a precise measurement.
The true result is in such case certainly more than 10 dB below the
measured value. The result than is at least:
Wideband _ Noise = Pref + Pnoise 50dB 10dB
Recommended test frequencies
1411.4060.82
The difference between the (possibly corrected) power Pnoise in dBm
and the power Pref in dBm is the broadband noise floor in dBc.
1.02 MHz, 23.438 MHz; 51 MHz, 101 MHz, 201 MHz, 401 MHz,
801 MHz, 1100 MHz,1601 MHz, 2200 MHz and 3200 MHz
1.14
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
SSB Phase Noise
The SSB phase noise of the DUT can be measured direct if a Phase Noise Test Set is available. An
R&S FSUP or any other analyzer with phase noise option is suitable if its own phase noise is at least 6
dB less than the guaranteed DUT Phase noise in the data sheet.
Measurement: Set the Level of the DUT to 0 dBm and measure the phase noise at 20 kHz offset with
the analyzer in phase noise mode.
If no suited analyzer is available, the Phase noise can be measured with the aid of a second generator
and a mixer:
Test assembly
See section "Test Assembly for SSB Phase Noise and Jitter", page
1.4.
Test method
The two generators are set to the test frequency and synchronized
with a phase offset of 90° (phase quadrature). Mixing to 0 Hz
suppresses the RF carrier. Due to the phase quadrature, the mixer
supplies a voltage representing the phase difference between the input
signals. This voltage is measured with the spectrum analyzer.
Measurement
Set the levels of the two generators in accordance with the specifications of the mixer used. (For the MITEQ-DB0118 mixer set the
LO-level to +10 dBm and the RF-level to 0 dBm.)
Settings of the DUT:
- PM int
- PM deviation 0.01 rad
- Modulation frequency 19 kHz
Settings on the analyzer:
- Center frequency 19.5 kHz
- Span 2 kHz
- Input coupling DC
- Attenuator manual 0 dB
- average on, count = 10
- average mode: linear/ power
- Filter Type: FFT
- Resolution Bandwidth 10 Hz
- set marker to 19 kHz.
- set delta marker to 20 kHz
Adjust the phase of the DUT for phase quadrature:
Set the Delta Phase in the Frequency/Phase menu for maximum
marker readout at 19 kHz in the Delta Phase range of 0° to 180°.
Note down the relative Delta marker level D.
Calculate the SSB phase noise in dbc/Hz:
- The Delta Marker measures the noise in 10 Hz bandwidth. The
power in 1 Hz bandwidth is one tenth of this power: log10(10)
- The PM with a modulation rate of 0.01 rad is equivalent to a
phase noise of -46 dBc.
- In baseband the two sidebands fall on each other: -6dB
- The phase noises of the two generators add together: - 3dB if
they are of the same type.
If the reference generator is of the same type as the DUT:
PN = D -10 * log10(10) – 46 dB – 6 dB – 3 dB
PN = D – 65 dB
If the phase noise of the reference generator is at least 10 dB
better than the phase noise of the DUT:
PN = D- log10(10) – 46 dB – 6 dB
PN = D – 62 dB
Recommended test
1 GHz, RFmax
frequencies
1411.4060.82
1.15
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Residual FM
Example:
IFB 2 MHz
Ref
0 Hz
Att
30 dB
AQT 50 ms
200k
A
150k
1 AP
CLRWR
100k
50k
0
-50k
-100k
-150k
-200k
Center 1 GHz
5 ms/
Frequency Modulation Summary
Coupling
Deviation
Date: 22.FEB.2008
DC
+peak
-peak
±peak/2
RMS
12.93
-12.41
12.67
3.465
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Carrier Offset
45.639 Hz
Carrier Power
-0.91 dBm
Modulation Frequency
--- Hz
Sampling Rate
250 kHz
Record Length
12501
Demod Bandwidth
200 kHz
AF Filter
HP
20 Hz
LP
23 kHz
17:35:25
Residual FM = 3.465 Hz
1411.4060.82
1.16
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Residual AM
Example:
IFB 2 MHz
Ref
* Att
0 %
5 dB
AQT 200 ms
80
A
60
1 AP
CLRWR
40
20
0
-20
-40
-60
-80
Center 1 GHz
20 ms/
Amplitude Modulation Summary
Modulation Depth
Modulation +peak
-peak
±peak/2
RMS
Date: 25.FEB.2008
0.022
0.022
-0.023
0.022
0.005
%
%
%
%
%
Carrier Power
Modulation Frequency
Sampling Rate
Record Length
Demod Bandwidth
AF Filter
HP
LP
-0.87
--250
50001
200
20
23
dBm
Hz
kHz
kHz
Hz
kHz
16:33:44
Residual AM = 0.005 %
1411.4060.82
1.17
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Level Data
Level Uncertainty
Test method
The level uncertainty is measured in two steps. First, the frequency
response is measured at a fixed level with high frequency resolution.
Then the level dependant uncertainty is measured at fixed frequencies
over the specified range.
Test equipment
-
Power meter (Table 1-1, item 8)
Spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
Low-noise preamplifier (Table 1-1, item 9)
Test method for levels in measurement range of power meter
Test setup
Measurement
Recommended test
frequencies for the level
frequency response
measurement
1411.4060.82
Connect power meter to RF output socket.
Setting on DUT:
- Levels :
+13 dBm in level Mode AUTO
Measure the level Pabsolute at the recommended test frequencies up
to RFmax.
The level error is the deviation of the measured level from the set
value.
Repeat this measurement at + 13 dBm in level Mode OFF (Sample
& Hold) at 200 kHz, 25 MHz, 100 MHz, 1.1 GHz, 2.2 GHz and 3.2
GHz
200 kHz, 500 kHz,
1 MHz; 5 MHz; 10 MHz; 23.4375 MHz
25 MHz to 95 MHz in 10 MHz Steps
112.5 MHz to 3.2 GHz in 25 MHz Steps
1.18
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Test method for low levels
Test principle
Low levels can only be measured using a frequency selective
measurement instrument. Spectrum analyzers with digital IF are best
suited for this measurement due to their low linearity error. The
absolute accuracy of these analyzers is not sufficient for this
measurement. So a relative measurement referred to the
measurements performed with the power meter is used to increase
the accuracy of the measurement.
Only by switching the input attenuator and preamplifier (when
available) of the analyzer the needed dynamic range of more than 120
dB can be reached. After switching the analyzer attenuator or
preamplifier, a continuity calibration is to be carried out. It is therefore
recommended to switch the attenuator not until reaching 50 dB under
full scale, since the linearity errors are very small in this range.
Test setup
Connect the spectrum analyzer to the RF output of the DUT with
hermetically sealed RF measurement cables.
Measurement
Settings on DUT
Frequency recommended test frequencies
Level +13 dBm, unmodulated
Setting on the analyzer
Test frequency
SPAN 10 Hz
FILTER TYPE FFT
RES BW 5 Hz
set Marker to test frequency
Reference level Pref = +15 dBm
Read the marker level PMarker and calculate the correction factor
C = Pabsolute - PMarker
with Pabsolute from the measurements performed with the power
meter.
Now decrease the DUT level in 5 dB steps and calculate the output
power P by adding the Correction factor C to the marker readout.
As soon as the marker level PAtt1 is lower than Pref -45 dB increase
the sensitivity of the analyzer by reducing the input attenuation,
switching on the internal preamplifier if available and reducing the
resolution bandwidth to 1 Hz for levels below -90 dBm. Set the
analyzer reference level to PAtt1 + 1 dB. After switching the analyzer
sensitivity read out the marker level PAtt2 and recalculate the
Correction factor:
Cnew = Cold + PAtt1- PAtt2
Continue the measurement down to -120 dBm in 5 dB steps.
Recommended test
frequencies.
1411.4060.82
1 MHz, 512.5 MHz, 1087.5 MHz, 2187.5 MHz, 3187.5 MHz
1.19
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Output Impedance
Test assembly
Test method
"
Test Assembly for Output Impedance (VSWR)" (page 1.4)
For the VSWR measurement of a source the effect of the level control
must be taken into account. For this purpose, an auxiliary generator is
used which transmits a wave with a slightly offset carrier frequency
into the DUT. The difference frequency hast to be within the control
bandwidth of the level control. In the case of ideal source impedance,
the wave from the auxiliary generator is not reflected by the DUT. In
the case of not ideal DUT source impedance, the output wave of the
DUT and the reflected wave of the auxiliary generator are
superimposed on one another. A directional coupler couples a part of
these outgoing superimposed waves to an analyzer. The frequency
offset, results in a beat of the superimposed outgoing waves. The
VSWR is the ratio between the maximum and minimum amplitude of
the beat.
Measurement
Settings on DUT:
- Level: test level
- Frequency: test frequency, unmodulated
Settings on spectrum analyzer:
- Test frequency, span 0 Hz, test level
- Resolution and video bandwidth 10 kHz
- Linear level scale
- Sweep time 20 ms
Settings on second signal generator:
- set the frequency to the test frequency – 100 Hz,
- set minimum level, unmodulated.
Vary the reference level to bring the line displayed on the screen of
the spectrum analyzer approximately into the middle of the screen.
Measure the voltage of the signal Vref.
Unscrew the VSWR bridge from the DUT and let the test port open.
Increase the level of the second signal generator until the voltage
on the analyzer is Vref ± 0.5 %.
Screw the VSWR bridge onto the DUT again.
Measure the maximum voltage Vmax and minimum voltage Vmin
of the sinusoidal trace. Calculate the VSWR:
VSWR = Vmax/Vmin
Recommended test
frequencies and levels
Test frequencies: from 200 kHz every 50 MHz up to RFmax.
Test levels: +0 dBm and +13 dBm.
1411.4060.82
1.20
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Setting Time (only for Option R&S SMC-K4)
Test assembly
Connect the spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18) to the RF
connector of the DUT.
Test method
The spectrum analyzer is operated as a fast level meter in zero span.
A controller transfers the start and the stop level via the IEC/IEEE bus.
The analyzer is triggered by the positive edge on the EOI line of the
IEC/IEEE bus. At switch over from start to stop level, the settling
procedure is displayed on the screen of the analyzer.
Preparation of measurement
Synchronize the reference frequencies of the DUT and the
analyzer.
Make IEC/IEEE bus and RF connections.
Connect spectrum analyzers trigger connector to EOI line (pin 5) of
IEC/IEEE bus.
Setting on DUT:
- Frequency: test frequency unmodulated,
- Level: start level
Settings on spectrum analyzer:
- REFERENCE LEVEL: target level + 3 dB
- AMPLITUDE LOG RANGE 10 dB
- RESOLUTION BANDWIDTH 200 kHz
- VIDEO BANDWIDTH 2 MHz
- SPAN 0 Hz
- SWEEP TIME: 10 ms
- TRIGGER EXTERN
- External triggering by positive edge at 1.4 V.
Measurement
Send the stop level from the controller to the DUT.
The externally triggered analyzer displays the settling curve. The
setting time is defined as the time from which on the level
deviation from the final level is less than the specified deviation
in the data sheet.
Measure the following steps with ALC state AUTO and with ALC
state OFF (Sample & Hold).
Recommended test
frequencies and levels
1411.4060.82
Frequencies: 1 MHz, 30 MHz, 375 MHz, 1.1 GHz, 2.2 GHz and 3.2
GHz
Start level
Stop level
-120 dBm
+13 dBm
-35 dBm
-5 dBm
1.21
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Internal Modulation Generator
Frequency accuracy
The LF-Generator is integrated into an FPGA clocked with the same reference frequency as the
synthesizer. Therefore, the LF frequency has the same accuracy as the RF and has not to be
measured.
Distortions
Test equipment
Test method
Test setup
Measurement of frequency
settings and distortion
Recommended test
frequencies
1411.4060.82
Spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
The fundamental and harmonics of the LF-generator are measured with
the analyzer. The analyzer calculates the Total Harmonic Distortion with
the ‘Harmonic Distortion’ function.
Connect the spectrum analyzer to the LF socket of the DUT.
Settings on DUT:
LF Output menu:
LF Gen Voltage 1 V
LF Gen Frequency 1 kHz
Settings of the spectrum analyzer:
RF INPUT DC
AMPT REF LEVEL 20 dBm
FREQ CENTER = LF Gen Frequency
MEAS HARMONIC DISTOR
RF ATTEN MANUAL increase by 10 dB
Read the THD
repeat the measurement at the recommended test frequencies by
changing the DUT LF Gen Frequency and the analyzer center
frequency.
1 kHz, 10 kHz
1.22
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Level Accuracy and Frequency response
Test equipment
AC voltmeter (Table 1-1, item 14)
Test method
The output level of the LF Generator is measured direct with an AC
voltmeter.
Connect the AC voltmeter to the LF socket of the DUT.
Test setup
Measurement of Level
Accuracy
Recommended test levels for
Level Accuracy
Measurement
Recommended test
frequencies
Note:
Settings on DUT:
LF Output menu:
LF Gen Frequency 1 kHz
set LF Output Voltage to recommended levels and measure
the output level
10 mV, 30 mV, 100 mV, 300 mV, 1 V and 2.55 V
Settings on DUT:
LF Output menu:
LF Output Voltage 1 V
set LF Gen Frequency to recommended test frequencies and
measure the output level
Determine the highest and the lowest level Vmax and Vmin.
The frequency response in dB is defined as:
D = 20*log10(Vmax) - 20*log10(Vmin)
10 Hz, 1 kHz, 10 kHz, 100 kHz
The settling time is a pure computer time and needs therefore not to be measured.
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1.23
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Amplitude Modulation
AM Setting Uncertainty
Test assembly
Measurement of accuracy
versus modulation depth
See section "Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations",
page 1.2.
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Frequency 150 MHz
Level: 0 dBm
Amplitude Modulation On
AM Source Internal
LF Gen Frequency 1 kHz
Settings on analyzer:
AMPTD REF LEVEL test level + 6 dB ,
FREQ CENTER 150 MHz
FM DEMOD,
FMDEMOD ON,
RESULT DISPLAY AM
DEMOD BW 50 kHz (> 3* fmod,)
RANGE DEVIATION PER DIV 20 %
MEAS TIME 100 ms (3/fmod)
set the AM Depth to the recommended modulation depths and
read the modulation depth ±peak/2 from the analyzer.
set DUT to
AM Source External,
AM Ext Coupling AC,
AM Depth 80%,
LF Gen Output On,
Connect LF output to MOD EXT input and read the modulation
depth ±peak/2 from the analyzer.
Recommended modulation
depths
1411.4060.82
m = 5%, 10 %, 20 %, 40 %, 60 %, 80 %
1.24
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Measurement of accuracy
versus RF
Test Procedures
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Frequency recommended test frequencies
Level: 0 dBm
Amplitude Modulation On
AM Source Internal
LF Gen Frequency 1 kHz
AM Depth 80 %
Settings on analyzer:
AMPTD REF LEVEL 6 dBm,
FREQ CENTER same as DUT
FM DEMOD,
FMDEMOD ON,
RESULT DISPLAY AM
DEMOD BW 50 kHz
RANGE DEVIATION PER DIV 20 %
MEAS TIME 100 ms
measure the modulation depth for all recommended test
frequencies
Recommended test
frequencies
1411.4060.82
100 kHz, 1MHz, 23.4375 MHz, 23.438 MHz, 99.9 MHz, 399.9 MHz,
1100 MHz, 1599.9 MHz, 1600.1 MHz, 2262.9 MHz, 3200 MHz
1.25
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
AM Distortion
Test assembly
Measurement
See section "Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations",
page 1.2.
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Amplitude Modulation menu:
LF Gen Frequency 1 kHz
Source Internal
AM depth 30%.
Settings on R&S FSQ:
AMPTD / REF LEVEL 6 dBm,
FREQ / CENTER test frequency
FM DEMOD,
FMDEMOD ON,
RESULT DISPLAY AM
RESULT DISPLAY AF SPECTRUM
DEMOD BW > 7* fmod,
RANGE DEVIATION PER DIV 20 %
MEAS TIME 0.16 s
Measure the THD for all recommended test frequencies. To convert
the displayed THD value in dB to percent calculate:
THDpct = 100 * 10 ^ (THDdB/20).
Recommended test
frequencies
1411.4060.82
100 kHz, 1MHz, 23.4375 MHz, 23.438 MHz, 99.9 MHz, 399.9 MHz,
1100 MHz, 1599.9 MHz, 1600.1 MHz, 2262.9 MHz, 3200 MHz
1.26
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
AM Frequency Response
Test assembly
Measurement
See section "Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations",
page 1.2.
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Amplitude Modulation menu:
Source External
External Coupling DC
AM depth 60%.
Settings on R&S FSQ:
AMPTD / REF LEVEL 6 dBm
FREQ / CENTER test frequency
FM DEMOD,
FMDEMOD ON,
RESULT DISPLAY AM
RESULT DISPLAY AF SPECTRUM
DEMOD BW 200 kHz,
RANGE DEVIATION PER DIV 20 %
MEAS TIME B 16/fmod s
Vary the carrier frequency from 1 MHz to RFmax. Recommended
test frequencies 1 MHz, 99.9 MHz, 399.9 MHz, 799.9 MHz, 1100
MHz, 1599.9 MHz, 1600.1 MHz, 3200 MHz.
Settings on the signal generator:
- LF Output ON
- LFGen Voltage 1 V (Vpeak).
Set the generator frequency to the frequencies given below and
measure the modulation depth in RMS.
Gen. frequency 10 Hz 100 Hz 1 kHz 10 kHz 50 kHz
MEAS TIME
1.6 s
0.2 s
0.2 s
0.2 s
0.2 s
The modulation frequency response in dB is the difference
between the greatest and the smallest modulation depth mmax
and mmin:
mmax-min = 20 * log10(mmax) - 20 * log10(mmin)
Repeat the measurement at RF = 1 GHz with the setting
Amplitude Modulation External Coupling AC
Repeat the measurement at RF = 1 GHz with the internal modulation
generator with the setting
Amplitude Modulation Source Internal.
1411.4060.82
1.27
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Synchronous PhiM with AM
Test assembly
Measurement
See section "Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations",
page 1.2.
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level PEP = Pmax 0 dBm
Amplitude Modulation menu:
LF Gen Frequency 1 kHz
Source Internal
AM depth 30%.
Settings on spectrum analyzer
AMPTD / REF LEVEL 3 dBm,
FM DEMOD
DEMOD BW 12.5 kHz
MEAS TIME 100 ms
RESULT DISPLAY PM
Recommended test frequencies.
Measure the resulting phase modulation with peak detection
(±peak/2-value).
1411.4060.82
1.28
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Frequency Modulation
Test Methods
Test assembly
Test Method "FFT
Demodulation (Option FS-K7)"
See section "Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations",
page 1.2.
• The FM deviation and distortion are determined by digital signal
processing in the spectrum analyzer.
Settings on R&S FSQ:
AMPTD / REF LEVEL test level,
FREQ / CENTER test frequency
FMDEMOD,
FMDEMOD ON,
RESULT DISPLAY / FM resp. PM
DEMOD BW > 2 * (deviation + fmod) for FM,
DEMOD BW > 2 * fmod * (1 + deviation) for PM,
RANGE / DEVIATION PER DIV 0.5 * deviation
MEAS TIME 3/fmod
rd
for distortion (up to 3 harmonic)
RESULT DISPLAY / FM resp. PM / AF SPECTRUM
DEMOD BW > 2 * (deviation + 3.5 * fmod) for FM,
DEMOD BW > 7 * fmod * (1 + deviation) for PM,
MEAS TIME 16/fmod
FM Setting Uncertainty
Test Method
FFT Demodulation (see chapter "Test ")
Measurement
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm:
Frequency Modulation menu:
State on
FM Source Internal
Recommended settings
Recommended test frequencies: 10 MHz, 1000 MHz
with LFGen Freq = 1 kHz, FM Deviation = 100 kHz
Repeat measurement at 1000 MHz with changing settings to
FM Source External
FM Ext Coupling AC
feed in a 1 kHz, 1Vp external modulation signal at the MOD EXT
connector
1411.4060.82
1.29
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
FM Distortion
Test Method
Measurement
FFT Demodulation (see chapter "Test ")
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm:
Frequency Modulation menu:
State on
FM Source Internal
LFGen Frequency 2 kHz.
Settings on R&S FSQ:
DEMOD BW 5 * FM deviation,
RANGE / DEVIATION PER DIV 250 kHz,
RESULT DISPLAY / FM, AF SPECTRUM,
SWEEP / MEAS TIME 2.5 ms,
FREQ / AF STOP 50 kHz.
Read the THD from the display. To convert to percent calculate
THDpct = 100 * 10 ^ (THDdB/20).
Recommended settings
1411.4060.82
CF sweep
Recommended test frequencies
with FM deviation 250 kHz: 10 MHz,
with FM deviation 500 kHz: 400.1 MHz, 533 MHz, 667 MHz, 800
MHz,
with FM deviation 1 MHz: 1100 MHz,
with FM deviation 2 MHz: 3200 MHz
1.30
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
FM Frequency Response
Test Method
Measurement
FFT Demodulation (see chapter "Test ")
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Frequency 23 MHz
Frequency Modulation menu:
FM Source External
FM Ext Coupling DC
FM deviation: 100 kHz
Setting on the signal generator:
The internal LF generator of the signal generator delivers the
modulation signal to the external modulation input of the DUT. The
level of the modulation signal is controlled by use of an AC voltmeter
(Item 14 of Table 1-1
Measuring equipment and accessories).
- LFGen Voltage 1 V peak
- State ON
Settings on R&S FSQ:
FFT Demodulation
Vary the signal generator frequency and measure the modulation
depth.
The modulation frequency response is the factor between the
greatest and the smallest modulation depth.
Recommended settings
LF in logarithmic steps,
3 steps per decade (1, 2, 5) from 10 Hz to 100 kHz
Perform the measurement for test frequency 23 MHz.
Repeat the measurement with changing the settings to
FM Ext Coupling AC
for test frequency 23 MHz.
Repeat the measurement with changing the settings to
FM Ext Coupling AC
FM deviation: 500 kHz
for test frequencies: 200.1 MHz, 266 MHz, 333 MHz, 400 MHz. LF
sweep from 1 kHz to 100 kHz
Repeat the measurement with changing the settings to
FM Source Internal
FM deviation: 500 kHz
at test frequency 400 MHz. LF sweep from 1 kHz to 100 kHz
1411.4060.82
1.31
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Carrier Frequency Offset with FM
Test assembly
Measurement
See section "Standard Test Assembly for Analog Modulations",
page 1.2.
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Frequency 1 GHz
Frequency Modulation menu:
State on
FM Source Internal
FM deviation 1 MHz
LFGen Frequency 10 kHz.
Settings on spectrum analyzer
AMPT / REF LEVEL 0 dBm
FREQ / CENTER 1 GHz
SPAN 10 kHz
MKR / SIGNAL COUNT / NEXT / CNT RESOL 10 Hz
Terminate the DUT External Modulation input with 50 W.and
execute the internal FM offset adjustment.
Execute a single sweep. Using MKRX / PEAK, read counted
marker frequency.
The offset is the difference between marker frequency and set
carrier frequency.
Repeat measurement with FM source external, coupling ac and dc
(2 measurements).
1411.4060.82
1.32
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Phase Modulation
PhiM Setting Uncertainty
Test Method
Measurement
FFT Demodulation
(see chapter "Test ").
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Phase Modulation menu:
State on
PhiM Source Internal
PhiM Deviation 2.5 rad
LFGen Freq = 1 kHz
Settings on spectrum analyzer:
see chapter "Test "
Recommended settings
Recommended test frequencies: 10 MHz and 400 MHz
Repeat measurement at 400 MHz with changing settings to
PhiM Source External
PhiM Ext Coupling AC
feed in a 1 kHz external modulation signal at MOD EXT connector
1411.4060.82
1.33
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
PhiM Distortion
Test Method
Measurement
FFT Demodulation (see chapter "Test ")
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Phase Modulation menu:
State on
PhiM Source Internal
LFGen Frequency 10 kHz
Settings on R&S FSQ:
see chapter "Test "
SWEEP / MEAS TIME 2.5 ms,
FREQ / AF STOP 50 kHz,
AMPTD / REF LEVEL 0 dBm,
FREQ / CENTER test frequency.
Read THD from the Display. To convert to percent calculate
THDpct = 100 * 10 ^ (THDdB/20).
Recommended settings
1411.4060.82
CF sweep
Recommended test frequencies
with PhiM deviation 2.5 rad: 10 MHz,
with PhiM deviation 5 rad: 400.1 MHz, 533 MHz, 667 MHz, 800
MHz,
with PhiM deviation 10 rad: 1100 MHz,
with PhiM deviation 20 rad: 3200 MHz
1.34
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
PhiM Frequency Response
Test method
FFT Demodulation (see chapter "Test ").
Measurement
Settings on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Phase Modulation menu:
PhiM Source External
PhiM Ext Coupling DC
PhiM deviation: 5 rad
Setting on the signal generator:
The internal LF generator of the signal generator delivers the
modulation signal to the external modulation input of the DUT. The
level of the modulation signal is controlled by use of an AC voltmeter
(Item 14 of Table 1-1
Measuring equipment and accessories).
- LFGen Voltage 1 V peak
- State ON
Settings on R&S FSQ:
FFT Demodulation
Vary the signal generator frequency and measure the modulation
depth.
The modulation frequency response is the factor between the
greatest and the smallest modulation depth.
Recommended settings
LF in logarithmic steps,
3 steps per decade (1, 2, 5) from 10 Hz to 100 kHz
Perform the measurement for test frequency 23 MHz
Repeat the measurement with changing the settings to
PhiM Ext Coupling AC
for test frequency 23 MHz.
Repeat the measurement with changing the settings to
PhiM Ext Coupling AC
for test frequencies: 200.1 MHz, 266 MHz, 333 MHz, 400 MHz. LF
sweep from 1 kHz to 100 kHz
Repeat the measurement with changing the settings to
PhiM Source Internal
PhiM deviation 5 rad
at test frequency 400 MHz. LF sweep from 1 kHz to 100 kHz
1411.4060.82
1.35
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Pulse Modulation
ON/OFF Ratio
Test equipment
-
Spectrum analyzer (Table 1-1, item 18)
Pulse generator (Table 1-1, item 13)
Test setup
To determine the ON/OFF ratio, connect the spectrum analyzer to
the RF output socket of the DUT and let the PULSE EXT input
open.
Measurement
Setting on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Frequency recommended test frequencies
Pulse Modulation menu:
Source External
State On
Polarity Inverse
Setting on Analyzer
FREQ/CENTER test frequency
SPAN 0 Hz
AMPT/REF LEVEL 0 dBm
BW RES BW MANUAL 3 kHz
SWEEP SWEEP TIME MANUAL 100 ms
MEAS TIME DOM POWER on
Determine the output level of the DUT at the recommended test
frequencies with
Pulse Modulation Polarity Inverse
and
Pulse Modulation Polarity Normal.
The level difference between the output level with Polarity Inverse
and Polarity Normal is the ON/OFF ratio.
Recommended test frequencies 5 MHz, 150 MHz, 400 MHz, 1.1 GHz, 2.2 GHz, 3 GHz, 3.2 GHz
1411.4060.82
1.36
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Test Procedures
Rise/ Fall Time
Test assembly
Test method
Measurement
Test Assembly for Pulse Modulation (see page 1.3)
The RF signal is down converted to 0 Hz in phase. Thus, the IF output
reproduces the RF amplitude vs. time.
Setting on pulse generator:
For adjustment statically high level,
for measurement square wave pulse sequence with a frequency of
0.5 MHz, TTL level
Setting on DUT:
RF On
Level 0 dBm
Frequency recommended test frequencies
Pulse Modulation menu:
State On
Setting on Signal Generator:
RF On
Level Recommended Lo-Level of Mixer
Frequency same as DUT
Setting on oscilloscope:
Adjust V/div according to the mixer in use
Time base 20 ns/div
Trigger:
- for adjustment free running,
- for measurement 50 % of signal amplitude, rising and falling
edge.
Adjustment: At each test frequency adjust phase using menu RF
Mod / Frequency/Phase / Phase Settings. Vary the Delta Phase
to obtain maximal signal output at the mixers IF port. The voltage at
maximum corresponds to 100 % of RF amplitude.
Measurement: Evaluate the down converted pulse-modulated
signal on the oscilloscope.
Rise time = time between 10% and 90% of signal amplitude
Fall time = time between 90% and 10% of signal amplitude
Recommended test
frequencies
1411.4060.82
400 MHz, 1.1 GHz, 2.2 GHz, 3.2 GHz
1.37
E-1
Test Procedures
R&S SMC100A
Video Crosstalk
Test assembly
Measurement
As above for ON/OFF Ratio
Setting on pulse generator:
Square wave pulse sequence with a frequency of 100 kHz,
TTL level
Setting on DUT:
RF On
Frequency 1 GHz, 6 GHz
Level 0 dBm
Pulse Modulation State On
Settings on the Analyzer
REF LEVEL 0 dBm
FREQ CENTER 100 kHz
SPAN 10 kHz
Measure the signal level at 100 kHz with the analyzer.
The Video Crosstalk is the amplitude of the spectral line found
at 100 kHz related to the RF carrier level
Pulse Generator
PULSE VIDEO
Test equipment
Test setup
Measurement
-
Storage oscilloscope (Table 1-1, item 3) with 50W Feed-through
termination on input.
Connect the PULSE VIDEO socket on the rear of the DUT to the
storage oscilloscope.
Setting on DUT:
Pulse Modulation menu:
State On
Source: Pulse Generator
Pulse Generator menu:
State On
Pulse Period 10 Zs
Pulse Width 5 Zs
Setting on oscilloscope:
1 V/div
Time base 2.5 Zs/div
Trigger: 50 % of amplitude, rising edge.
Check the signal for a symmetric square wave with 10 Zs pulse
period and 3 V 1.5 V amplitude.
Rise and fall time < 10 ns
1411.4060.82
1.38
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Contents – Procedures after Module Replacement
Contents - Chapter 2 "Procedures after Module
Replacement"
2 Procedures after Module Replacement ..............................................................................2.1
Procedures after Replacing the Basis Board ................................................................................2.2
Adjustments ......................................................................................................................................2.2
Internal Adjustments ................................................................................................................2.2
Adjustments of the Complete Unit............................................................................................2.2
External Adjustments Requiring Measurement Equipment .....................................................2.2
External Level Correction .........................................................................................................2.3
Adjustment of internal Reference Frequency...........................................................................2.4
Recalibration ..................................................................................................................2.4
Internal Self Test...............................................................................................................................2.4
1411.4060.82
I-2.1
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Procedures after Module Replacement
2 Procedures after Module Replacement
This chapter describes all necessary measures to restore the performance of the R&S SMC after
module replacement.
There are no manual adjustments to be performed. Internal and external adjustment routines are
implemented for this purpose.
Spare part RF boards are tested at Rohde & Schwarz with calibrated working standards according to the
performance test. All measurement values are within the specified values including the measurement
uncertainty as a minimum guard band. Power levels are corrected to nearly ideal values. When installing
a spare part RF board the only difference at the RF side is the connecting cable between the RF board
and the front panel. When testing the RF boards Rohde & Schwarz uses the same type of cable as it is
installed in the R&S SMC.
OCXOs are tested at Rohde & Schwarz for the frequency adjustment range and the control voltage for
an exact 10 MHz output frequency. This control voltage is coded in a digital value and stored on the
OCXO module. In the R&S SMC the digital value is read from the OCXO module.
The probability that the R&S SMC meets it specifications after the replacement of a RF board and / or
an OCXO is very high. To increase this probability even further and to detect a defective connecting
cable between the RF board and the front panel Rohde & Schwarz recommends to adjust and to verify
the power level and the reference frequency according to the instructions in the table below
If a calibration of the instrument is strictly necessary the performance test should be performed
completely.
After replacing an assembly, check the following table to see which service procedure you perform.
Changed module
Required adjustment/correction
Recommended Test Procedure (refer to
chapter 1 Performance Test "Checking the
rated characteristics")
Basis Board
Setup/Internal Adjustments/Adjust All
None
RF Board
Setup/Internal Adjustments/Adjust All
External Level Correction (power meter and
special measuring software required)
Level Data at 0 dBm
OCXO
Setup/Internal Adjustments/Adjust All
Reference Frequency “Output of Internal
Reference”
Power Supply
Setup/Internal Adjustments/Adjust All
None
1411.4060.82
2.1
E-1
Procedures after Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Procedures after Replacing the Basis Board
Required equipment
USB Memory Stick (at least 128 MB)
Required software:
Actual SMC_Firmware see R&S homepage www.rohde-schwarz.com
Copy the firmware to the root folder of the memory stick.
Install the new Firmware
See Chapter 4 “Software Update“.
Adjustments
Preliminary Remark
Setting a defined initial state by pressing the PRESET key prior to adjustments is recommended. To
ensure that the internal adjustments are valid at operating temperature, at least 20 minutes warm-up
time at this temperature must be observed.
Internal Adjustments
All internal adjustments are available in the Setup/Internal Adjustments menu (see operating manual).
Adjustments of the Complete Unit
Performing Setup/Internal Adjustments/Adjust All activates all internal adjustments in a reasonable
order.
The external adjustments have to be performed, if the recommended calibration interval is exhausted or
the RF Board has been replaced.
External Adjustments Requiring Measurement Equipment
The external adjustments require calibrated equipment and special software. Data sheet specifications
of the unit are concerned. If required, contact your local Rohde & Schwarz representative.
1411.4060.82
2.2
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Procedures after Module Replacement
External Level Correction
External level correction measures output power over frequency and level and stores the correction
values inside the instrument to maintain level accuracy. The R&S SMC provides a build in measuring
procedure for external level correction.
NOTICE
Risk of damage to the power sensor
Power sensor NRP-Z91 can be damaged when being exposed to R&S SMCs
maximum output power. So it is recommendet to PRESET the instrument
before connecting the power sensor. The build-in level correction procedure
does not overload the sensor.
Recalibration
Test equipment
Test setup
R&S NRP-Z91 or R&S NRP-Z92 power sensor with NRP-Z3 or
NRP-Z4 USB adaptor
Power on instrument
Setting on instrument:
PRESET
Setup Menu
Reference Oscillator
Source INTERNAL
Protection
Protection Level 2 = 147946 ENTER
Connect the power sensor to the RF plug and to the USB
connector of the instrument.
Allow the R&S SMC and the power sensor to warm up for at least
20 minutes
Adjustment
Setting on instrument:
Setup Menu
Internal Adjustments
Adjust Ext Level…
ECEXUTE
Adjustment Data CUSTOM
Note that the R&S factory level correction data is not replaced
by this procedure, instead an additional data set is created.
The active correction data set is selected by the setting
“Adjustment data”
1411.4060.82
2.3
E-1
Procedures after Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Adjustment of internal Reference Frequency
The frequency accuracy of the synthesizer is determined (set to internal reference) by a 20 MHz VTCXO
or when the Option R&S SMC-B1 is fitted with a highly stable OCXO that is set to a calibrated frequency
standard at the R&S factory. This oscillator is subject to ageing and can be recalibrated.
Recalibration
Important: Allow the DUT to warm up for at least 20 minutes before adjustment is executed
Test equipment
-
External frequency counter (1 Hz to RFmax, resolution 0.1 Hz)
Test setup
Connect a calibrated external frequency counter to the reference
output at the rear panel.
Adjustment
Setting on DUT:
PRESET
Setup Menu
Protection
Protection Level 2 = 147946 ENTER
Setting on spectrum analyzer (external frequency counter):
MKR SIGNAL COUNT
MKR / NEXT CNT RESOL 0.1 Hz
Adjust the TCXO/ OCXO Calibration Value (Setup Reference Oscillator - Calibration Value) for an external
frequency counter reading of 10 MHz, with minimal error.
Press Write value to Eeprom to store the DAC value.
Internal Self Test
After each module replacement, it is recommended to perform the internal self test (refer to chapter 3,
“Troubleshooting with Internal Self Test”). The self test checks the instrument by measuring internal
diagnostic points and verifies whether generator is operating properly.
If a self test failure occurs, check again whether all cables are properly connected. If the self test fails
continuously, contact your local service center.
1411.4060.82
2.4
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Contents – Repair
Contents – Chapter 3 "Repair"
3 Repair ................................................................................................................... 3.1
Instrument Design and Function Description ....................................................................................3.1
RF Board ..................................................................................................................................3.2
Internal and external 10 MHz reference ........................................................................3.2
TCXO 20 MHz crystal oscillator .....................................................................................3.2
RF Synthesizer/DDS......................................................................................................3.2
Harmonics filters ............................................................................................................3.3
LF generator ..................................................................................................................3.3
Pulse generator and Pulse Modulator ...........................................................................3.3
Modulation matrix and AM/FM//M modulator ...............................................................3.3
AM modulators...............................................................................................................3.3
Automatic Level control..................................................................................................3.3
Step Attenuator and reverse power protection ..............................................................3.4
Supply voltage control and filtering................................................................................3.4
Power Supply Module ..............................................................................................................3.4
Basis Board ..............................................................................................................................3.4
Fuses .............................................................................................................................3.4
Switching regulators.......................................................................................................3.5
Controller .......................................................................................................................3.5
FPGA (SMB_COM)........................................................................................................3.5
Keyboard Controller .......................................................................................................3.5
Diagnostic ADC..............................................................................................................3.5
EEPROM .......................................................................................................................3.5
SIM Card ........................................................................................................................3.5
Temperature sensor.......................................................................................................3.5
Fan Controller ................................................................................................................3.5
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................................3.6
Measuring Equipment and Accessories...................................................................................3.6
Switch-On Problems ................................................................................................................3.7
Switch-on .......................................................................................................................3.7
Switch-off .......................................................................................................................3.7
Problems with Booting ...........................................................................................................3.10
Keyboard and Rotary Knob Test............................................................................................3.11
Troubleshooting with Internal Self Test..................................................................................3.12
Troubleshooting with Internal Test Points..............................................................................3.13
Troubleshooting with Internal Adjustments ............................................................................3.15
Instrument Faults ...................................................................................................................3.16
Troubleshooting – Basis Board Module .................................................................................3.20
Supply Voltages ...........................................................................................................3.20
Fuses ...........................................................................................................................3.21
Troubleshooting ? RF Board module .....................................................................................3.22
Supply Voltages ...........................................................................................................3.22
Control Signals.............................................................................................................3.23
Internal Input and Output Signals ................................................................................3.24
Error Messages Concerning the RF Board Module.....................................................3.24
Warnings Concerning the RF Board Module ...............................................................3.24
Frequency Error ...........................................................................................................3.25
Troubleshooting ? Reference Oscillator option R&S SMC-B1 ..............................................3.26
Input and Output Signals .............................................................................................3.26
Error Messages Concerning the Reference Oscillator Module ...................................3.27
Frequency Error, Reference Oscillator Adjustment......................................................3.27
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I-3.1
E-1
Contents – Repair
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement...........................................................................................................................3.28
Required tools ........................................................................................................................3.28
Overview of the Modules........................................................................................................3.28
After replacing an assembly...................................................................................................3.29
Safety Instruction ...................................................................................................................3.30
Dismounting the tube .............................................................................................................3.31
Mounting the tube ..................................................................................................................3.31
Replacing Fuse ......................................................................................................................3.32
Installing Fuse ........................................................................................................................3.32
Replacing the Front Unit (A300) ............................................................................................3.32
Removing the Front Unit A300 (1411.4602.02) ...........................................................3.32
Install the Front Unit A300 (1411.4602.02)..................................................................3.34
Replacing the TFT Display (A330), Encoder Board (A310), Flex. Switch Board,
Pushbutton Board Set and the key frame with pane and front corner plate ........................3.36
Removing the flex.switch Board, the Pushbutton-Set and
the key frame with pane.............................................................................................3.37
Removing the TFT Display A330 and the Encoder Board A310 .................................3.37
Removing the front corner plate ..................................................................................3.40
Install the Flex.switch Board, the Pushbutton Set and the key frame with pane.........3.41
Install the TFT Display A330 and the Encoder Board A310 ........................................3.42
Install the front corner plate .........................................................................................3.44
Replacing the Power Supply A50 ..........................................................................................3.45
Removing the Power Supply A 50 ...............................................................................3.45
Install the Power Supply A 50......................................................................................3.46
Replacing the Basis Board 2 (A100) ......................................................................................3.47
Removing the Basis Board 2 .......................................................................................3.47
Installing the Basis Board 2 .........................................................................................3.48
Replacing the SIM Card A 110 ....................................................................................3.49
Replacing the RF-Board (A200).............................................................................................3.50
Removing the RF-Board ..............................................................................................3.50
Installing the RF-Board ................................................................................................3.51
Replacing the Fan Unit (E1)...................................................................................................3.53
Removing the Fan Unit (E1)...................................................................................................3.53
Install the Fan Unit (E1) .........................................................................................................3.53
Replacing the SMC – B1........................................................................................................3.54
Install the SMC – B1 ..............................................................................................................3.54
Remove the Reference Oscillator SMC-B1 ...........................................................................3.55
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I-3.2
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Instrument Design and Function Description
3 Repair
Instrument Design and Function Description
A schematic of the signal generator's design is presented below as block diagram at module level
The R&S SMC consists of very few main modules and very few connections between these modules. The
main units are:
•
Power Supply
•
Basis Board which includes all digital external Interfaces, the main CPU, the Fan control logic, the
hardware drivers for the front panel and the Interface for the RF Board
•
Front Unit consisting of the rotary knob with encoder, the flexible switch board and the QVGA
Color Display
•
RF Board including the whole measurement hardware
•
R&S SMC-B1 Reference Oscillator which is plugged direct into the RF Board.
A detailed description of these modules is given in the next chapter.
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3.1
E-1
Instrument Design and Function Description
R&S SMC100A
RF Board
The RF BOARD contains the complete measuring hardware of the instrument. The RF and LF signals are
generated and modulated on the module. The output level is controlled by a level control loop controlling
the level before the step attenuator. The fully electronic step attenuator is temperature compensated to
achieve very precise output levelling of the instrument. The RF Board is equipped with a reverse power
protection to ensure the instrument not being damaged due to supplying reverse power to the RF output
of the instrument. The module is controlled by the Basis Board via a serial bus and few additional control
signals.
Implemented functions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Reference crystal oscillator and reference frequency switch
Synthesizer
LF generator
Pulse generator and Pulse modulator control
Modulation matrix and DDS with AM/FM/PhiM modulator
AM modulator
Harmonics filters
Pulse modulator
RF amplifiers
Level control
Step Attenuator
Reverse power protection
Diagnostics
Internal and external 10 MHz reference
The instrument's reference frequency is determined either by the built-in TCXO, the optionally built-in
OCXO (option R&S B1), or by an external 10 MHz reference signal that is fed to the input X201 REFIN.
The output X202 REFOUT provides a buffered 10 MHz signal, which has been derived from the active
reference source.
TCXO 20 MHz crystal oscillator
In Reference internal mode without OCXO (Option R&S B1) the 20 MHz TCXO is the internal reference
signal for the Synthesizer and LF generator. In this mode, the frequency of the TCXO can be adjusted by
a DAC. When the 10 MHz OCXO (Option R&S B1) is plugged into the RF Board or Reference external
mode is chosen the 20 MHz TCXO is synchronized to the 10 MHz reference signal with a PLL.
In Reference internal mode without the OCXO the 10 MHz output signal for X202 REFOUT is derived
from the internal 20 MHz TCXO by the means of a frequency divider. In Reference external mode or with
OCXO fitted the 10 MHz reference signal is fed straightforward to the 10 MHz REFOUT connector X202.
RF Synthesizer/DDS
The multiplied 20 MHz signal of TCXO provides the system clock for the DDS. The RF signals from DC to
23.4375 MHz are generated directly by the DDS. In this mode all the modulation is done fully digital. The
modulated signal is converted to the analog domain by a DAC. The analog RF signal is amplified low pass
filtered and fed to the input of the step attenuator.
For frequencies above 23.4375 MHz the DDS generates a reference signal for the frequency synthesizer
providing the fine frequency resolution for the frequency synthesis. In the synthesizer a VCO is locked to
the reference frequency from the DDS. The RF signal is then generated by the means of fixed frequency
dividers set to the appropriate divider ratio.
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3.2
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Instrument Design and Function Description
Harmonics filters
The output signal of the frequency dividers is a square wave signal. To reach the guaranteed harmonic
performance (see datasheet) the harmonics of the RF signal have to be suppressed. Due to the wide RF
frequency range multiple filters are needed. The different filters are selected according to the RF output
frequency and their cut off frequency. They are put into the RF signal path by the means of RF switches.
LF generator
A DDS generates the LF sine wave signal. This signal can be used as a source for internal modulation or
as output signal at LFOUT BNC connector for frequencies up to 100 kHz. The output amplitude of the LF
signal is set with a multiplying DAC in the range from 10 mV to 2.55 V.
Pulse generator and Pulse Modulator
The pulse generator is digitally implemented in an FPGA. The pulse generator has three different modes.
The pulse generator can run free, can be triggered or gated externally using the PULSE EXT input. The
input impedance at the PULSE EXT BNC connector is fixed to high-impedance. The pulse signal serves
as a source for internal pulse modulation and can additionally be applied at the output PULSE VIDEO in a
buffered way.
Below 23.4375 MHz the pulse modulator is implemented digitally switching on and of the output signal of
the DAC. Above 23.4375 MHz three CMOS FET switches are used as pulse modulator.
Modulation matrix and AM/FM/1M modulator
The external modulation signal from MODEXT can be AC- or DC-coupled. This signal is converted into
the digital domain by the means of a 10 Bit ADC. The Frequency and Phase Modulations are
implemented fully digital. For output frequencies below 23.4375 MHz the AM is implemented fully digital
as well. For RF frequencies above 23.4375 MHz, the modulation signal is applied as reference signal to
the level control loop. The AM modulation depth is set by a multiplying DAC. A switch matrix to select
internal or external modulation signals is implemented in analog circuitry and additionally in the digital
domain.
AM modulators
Below 23.4375 MHz in the DDS RF frequency range the AM is generated digitally. For RF frequencies
above 23.4375 MHz a PIN modulator is used.
Automatic Level control
A RF detector at the output of the power amplifier is used to obtain information about the actual output
power. This information signal is fed back to the Automatic Level Control (ALC) unit. The ALC sets the
Level Control Voltage controlling the AM modulator to reach the desired output level.
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3.3
E-1
Instrument Design and Function Description
R&S SMC100A
Step Attenuator and reverse power protection
Due to the limited dynamic range of the ALC RF detector the regulated RF signal is attenuated with
passive attenuators. The step attenuator is a settable attenuator with known attenuation.
At the RF output of the RF Board a reverse power protection circuitry detects RF power fed into the RF
Board from outside the instrument. To protect the R&S SMC against damage a relay disconnects the RF
output, when excessive reverse power is detected. In standby or power off mode this relay is also in off
state to protect the RF output of the instrument against damage.
Supply voltage control and filtering
The module supply voltages are filtered by means of passive filtering and additional active voltage
regulators. Linear regulators with very good noise and distortion suppression characteristics have been
implemented based on operational amplifier circuitry.
Power Supply Module
The power supply module provides all currents necessary for the operation of the signal generator. It can
be switched on and off by means of the power switch on the rear panel. After switch-on, the instrument is
either in standby or in operating mode, depending on a value stored in an internal EEPROM.
The power supply works over a wide input voltage range from 100 V to 240 V (±10 %) and AC supply
frequencies form 50 Hz to 60 Hz (±5 %). The power factor correction meets EN 61000-3-2.
On the secondary side, the power supply generates three DC voltages (+5.0 V, +13.25 V, -13.25 V) and
one standby voltage (+5 V), all ±5 %.
The control signal POWER_ON_N controlled by the front panel controller (depending on the operating
key STBY on the front of the instrument frame) switches the power supply from standby mode to
operating mode. In standby operation, it only supplies a 5 V standby to supply the front panel controller
and the STBY LED on the front panel.
The secondary voltages are open-circuit-proof and short-circuit-proof with respect to ground and each
other.
The power inlet module contains two fuses. Replace these fuses only with type and rating specified on the
rear panel. If the replaced fuse blows again, change the module.
Further fuses are fitted on the BASIS BOARD as a means of fire protection.
Basis Board
The Basis Board of the signal generator involves the following components and modules:
Fuses
Each supply voltage is fused with one or several fuses on the Basis Board.
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3.4
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Instrument Design and Function Description
Switching regulators
Switching regulators for 1.2 V, 1.8 V, 3.3 V, 7 V and 28 V supply voltages: These supply voltages are
generated by means of switching regulators.
Controller
Central Controller of the R&S SMC including all memory devices and external interfaces.
FPGA (SMB_COM)
This FPGA performs data processing for the serial bus, which sends setting data to the modules. The
SMB_COM is configured via an SPI-Interface of the processor. The Display Controller and timer functions
are also implemented in the SMB_COM.
Keyboard Controller
The keyboard controller notifies the processor about keyboard and spin wheel events. The keyboard
controller switches on or off the power supply module and memorizes the power on state of the
instrument when the main power is cut. This state is reconstituted on powering the instrument again.
Diagnostic ADC
The diagnostic ADC is used for measuring the voltages in the unit. These voltages are used for internal
adjustments and the ALC S&H mode of the R&S SMC. Additionally the failure diagnostic of the
instrument is carried out by the use of ADC.
EEPROM
The following data is stored here: Header line data of the board and service information.
SIM Card
A SIM card is used for identification of the instrument (e.g. serial number).
Temperature sensor
A temperature sensor mounted on the Basis Board monitors the temperature. If a defined temperature
above the guaranteed maximum operating temperature is exceeded, the power supply is switched off. So
the R&S SMC secures itself against damage due to overheating.
Fan Controller
A Fan for cooling the RF modules is connected to the BASIS BOARD and directly controlled according to
the temperature of the Basis Board. This is done independent of the controller.
1411.4060.82
3.5
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
The purpose of these troubleshooting instructions is to help to trace down malfunctions to board level.
The instrument can thus be made ready for use again by means of board replacement.
If error tracing doesn’t show clear results, we recommend that you ship your instrument to our experts in
the service centers (see address list) for module replacement and further error elimination. Some module
replacements involve calibration procedures requiring calibrated equipment and appropriate software.
CAUTION
Danger of shock hazard
For module replacement, ensure that the instrument is switched off and disconnected from the power supply
by removing the plug from the AC and DC power connector.
Read all safety instructions at the beginning of this manual carefully before module replacement!
NOTICE
Risk of damage to the boards
Be careful not to cause short circuits when measuring voltages at pins placed close together!
The following utilities are provided in the signal generator for easy diagnosis:
•
•
•
•
•
Internal selftest
Internal diagnosis test points
Internal adjustments
Info line with error messages and history of messages
Internal keyboard test
Note:
When problems occur, first check whether any connections (cables, plug-in connections of
boards, etc) are damaged or wrongly connected.
Measuring Equipment and Accessories
Item
Type of equipment
1
DC voltmeter
2
Spectrum analyzer
3
4
Equipment
recommended
R&S
order No.
R&S URE
0350.5315.02
Frequency range 0 to 7 GHz
R&S FSP
1164.4391.07
Adapting cable
1 m long
SMP-to-SMA connection
-
1129.8259.00
Oscilloscope
100 MHz
Hameg HM504-2
1411.4060.82
Specifications recommended
3.6
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Switch-On Problems
The yellow LED on the front panel, next to the ON/OFF Button is directly connected to the Standby
Voltage of the power supply (via a resistor on the Basis Board) and is therefore a good indicator of the
basic working of the power supply.
When the instrument is switched on, the following modules are involved:
•
•
•
Power supply
Basis Board
Switching pad
To analyze switch-on and switch-off problems that occur with the R&S SMC, the interplay of the individual
modules is summarized in the following.
Switch-on
When the ON/OFF button on the front panel is pressed, the voltage of the ON/OFF testpoint at at X112
(switching pad connector) goes low. In this case the Basis Board pulls the signal on pin 13 of X101 (power
supply connector see Fig. 3-4) low, which in turn switches on the power supply. In case of a prior
emergency shutdown (pressing the ON/OFF Button for more than 5 seconds) it may take a few seconds
until this mechanism works again.
Within four seconds after switch-on, the CPU takes over the control of pin 13 of the power supply
connector. If the green LED on the front panel lights up for only a short time (approx. five seconds) and
then the orange standby LED lights up again, this means that the CPU is not booting properly. The cause
may be a defective or overheated power supply or Basis Board.
Switch-off
Besides pressing the power switch, the instrument can be switched off in three ways.
After briefly pressing the ON/OFF button on the front panel, the CPU performs a normal system shutdown
and then powers off the power supply via pin 13 of the power supply connector.
Pressing and holding the button on the front panel for longer than five seconds leads to an emergency
shutdown, which is controlled by special hardware on the Basis Board. In this case, no user data can be
saved.
The instrument can also be switched off by means of the temperature monitoring circuit on the Basis
Board. If the temperature sensor on the Basis Board detects an over temperature (e.g. in the event that a
fan fails), the power supply is switched off via pin 13 of the power supply connector. It can only be
switched on again, after cooling down.
1411.4060.82
3.7
E-1
Troubleshooting
•
R&S SMC100A
Error: Instrument cannot be switched on.
Action
Possible error causes and further steps
Check power-on switch on the rear.
Power switch OFF: Switch on power supply.
Check fuses on the rear.
Check yellow LED (standby).
LED remains unlit:
Measure standby voltage at pin1 X101 (see Fig. 3-1). Rated value:
4.75 V… 5.25 V
No voltage:
Check power cable from power supply.
no/faulty voltage: change power supply
Otherwise:
X112 / Pin 1
Loose Flex Switchboard (in X112) or bad contacts
X101 /
Pin 1
Pin 11
ON/OFF
Testpoint
Fig. 3-1
•
ON/OFF Testpoint, X101 and X112 location on the Basis Board
Error: Signal generator starts up but display remains black
Description of error
Possible error causes and further steps
CPU does not boot correctly
Check red LED on Basis Board (see Fig. 3-2).
If LED does not turn red approx. 1 sec after power on, either the Basis
Board FPGA does not configure correctly or the CPU does not boot: try
to update the firmware, which includes the FPGA configuration data.
If this does not help: Change Basis Board
Cables are loose
Check cabling between Basis Board and Display
TFT display defective
Replace Front panel with TFT display
1411.4060.82
3.8
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
LED
Fig. 3-2
•
Red LED location on the Basis Board
Error: Fan does not work
Description of error
Possible error causes and further steps
Fan does not work
Disconnect fan and check voltage on BASIS BOARD X116 (fan
connector) between pin 1 and 2 (see Fig. 3-3):
Rated voltage:8 V … 13 V, depending on temperature.
Correct voltage: Replace fan
Faulty voltage: Check the power supply of the Basis Board (see page
3.20).
Fig. 3-3
X116 Fan Connector Pin Location
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3.9
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Problems with Booting
•
Error: Unit does not start the application
After switch-on, the signal generator first runs the Boot Loader. The Boot Loader displays the R&S Logo.
The Boot Loader loads the FPGAs on the Basis Board and on the RF Board. After successful initialization
of the computer (approx. 10 seconds), the LINUX operating system starts up and displays the
background picture. Subsequently, the application is loaded. During loading, several progress bars are
shown on the display.
All software of the R&S SMC is stored in an on board flash memory. There are no serviceable hardware
parts related to mass memory. The only possible service action is the reinstallation of firmware, which
requires at least some basically working computer and firmware.
Normal action
Error, possible causes and corrective action
Start signal generator
R&S logo does not disappear
Error: The operating system (LINUX) does not start.
Try to reinstall the firmware with the help of the maintenance
system. If this is not possible or does not solve the problem,
replace the Basis Board.
1411.4060.82
3.10
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Keyboard and Rotary Knob Test
•
This utility allows you to check for proper operation of all front panel control elements
Normal action
Error, possible causes and corrective action
Test called with
SETUP - Check Front Panel…
An image of the front panel appears with gray keys.
Note: Be careful with the rotary knob! Turn only slightly in the
specified direction; otherwise the field will change to
red.
When a key is pressed once or the knob is moved, the field
changes to green.
If the key is pressed more than once, the field changes to red.
When all operating elements including the rotary knob have
been actuated once, all fields are green. If operating elements
have been actuated twice, the fields are red.
If the color changes to red at the first actuation, a malfunction
has occurred (bouncing).
If the color of the corresponding field remains the same after
actuation, the function is defective.
In either case:
Change the switching pad and/or rotary knob.
A message is output when all keys have been pressed:
"All Front Panel Keys were accessed correctly"
1411.4060.82
Note:
3.11
No error message is output even if a number of keys
are red. The user must decide whether a malfunction
has occurred.
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting with Internal Self Test
The internal selftest checks the instrument by measuring internal diagnostic points. In case of an
instrument fail this check should always be done first.
Execute SETUP - Selftest. The selftest reports the modules failing the test:
To see the details of the selftest select the board failing the selftest:
If the Basis Board fails this test check the fuses and supply voltages from the power supply (see
page 3.20). When the Basis Board fails this test the other modules cannot work correct. So only if the
Basis Board passes the selftest, check the other modules failing the selftest.
1411.4060.82
3.12
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting with Internal Test Points
The Protection menu provides access to the unlocking of protected service functions (authorized
personnel of R&S Service Departments only). To deactivate the protection, the correct password has to
be entered. After the instrument has been switched on, the protection levels 1 to 5 are automatically
activated.
Protection Level 1 can be deactivated to expand the functionality of the internal adjustment, to change the
host name and to access the test points. The password is 123456.
A diagnostic A/D converter on the Basis Board allows you to measure voltages at internal test points,
which are located on all important modules of the instrument.
Diagnostic test points are located on following modules:
•
•
Basis Board
RFBOARD
The internal selftest checks all voltages at the points listed below, so if the selftest passes without a fail
skip this manual test.
Normal action
Error, possible causes and corrective action
Internal diagnosis switched on with:
SETUP - Test Points...
Select the desired test point under Select Test Point.
To operate, set State ON
For troubleshooting refer to the following chapters.
The measured voltage is displayed under Voltage.
Compare the displayed values with the values specified in the
next table.
"99.9999V" means that the test point does not exist.
Major deviations from the named values indicate a defect:
Change the affected module.
If all test points are out of tolerance, maybe only one of the
modules is defective and disturbs the diagnostic system. To
determine which module is defective, remove all modules that
include test points one after another, except the Basis Board. If
values are still out of tolerance, replace the Basis Board.
The diagnostic system operates with multiplexers on each
board to switch the desired test point to the common line
named DIAG on the Basis Board. Each test point is switched
to the line only for the time of a measurement and switched off
after it. The A/D converter is located on the Basis Board.
If the remaining test points are in tolerance after removing a
module the module removed is defective. Replace this board.
It is advisable to begin by checking the test points on the Basis
Board, since the diagnostic converter is located on this
module.
1411.4060.82
3.13
E-1
Troubleshooting
Module
Test Point
Basis Board
RF Board
1411.4060.82
R&S SMC100A
Min
Max
Function
DIAG_SMB_BAB_ADCGRD
-25 mV
25 mV
Reference Ground
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P7V
6.4 V
7.6 V
Supply Voltages
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P5V
4.6 V
5.4 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P3V3
3.1 V
3.5 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P12V
12.2 V
14.3 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P0V9
0.88 V
0.92 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P28V
25.8 V
30.2 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P2V5
2.3 V
2.7 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_P1V2
1.1 V
1.3 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_M12V
-14.3 V
-12.2 V
DIAG_SMB_BAB_TEMP
0
75°C
DIAG_SMB_BAB_VREF
3.15 V
3.45 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_GND
-100 mV
100 mV
Reference Ground
DIAG_SMC_RF_REF3V3REF
3.15 V
3.45 V
Supply Voltage
DIAG_SMC_RF_REF100A
1.5 V
4.0 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_REF100B
500 mV
2.0 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_TEMP_ATT
-5°C
75°C
DIAG_SMC_RF_DET_I
-50 mV
2.0 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_VDETTUNE
-50 mV
5.1 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_VCO_PLL
-50 mV
2.0 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_VDET
-50 mV
8.0 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_LEVELREF
-9.0 V
50 mV
DIAG_SMC_RF_LCON
-1.5 V
11.0 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_MODEXT
-1.05 V
1.05 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_TCXOCTRL
-50 mV
3.45 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_PDDIVREF
-50 mV
3.45 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_TCOMP
-50 mV
2.2 V
DIAG_SMC_RF_2LOOPF
-3.0 V
28.0 V
3.14
Temperature
Temperature
Extern Modulation
Input
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting with Internal Adjustments
Various internal adjustments are necessary for correct operation of the instrument. The failure of a certain
adjustment can shorten troubleshooting considerably. The affected module is the RF Board module.
Note:
Failed internal adjustments can also be queried on the info page -> History.
Normal action
Error, possible causes and corrective action
Internal adjustments call:
Abort during adjustment:
SETUP - Internal Adjustments… - Adjust All
Internal adjustment of the RF Board is executed.
The adjustments are all carried out exclusively on the RF Board,
only the Diagnostic A/D converter on the Basis Board is needed.
Check the Test Points on the Basis Board (see
Troubleshooting with Internal Test Points).
If the Test Points on the Basis Board are in tolerance most
probably the RF Board is defective. Check the RF Board being
supplied correct (see page 3.22). If not in tolerance check the
Basis Board (see
Troubleshooting – Basis Board Module)
1411.4060.82
3.15
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Instrument Faults
The following table lists R&S SMC Faults. For every fault additional test are described to determine the
defective module.
Fault
Test
Action if test fails
RF Output Level is
wrong
R&S SMC settings:
Check the mating torque of the
SMA-connector at cable W 212 being 80 N
cm to 110 N cm.
Instrument Preset
Reference internal
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
RF on
Level = 8 dBm
Measure the Output Level with a power meter across the
frequency range. The difference between set and
measured level has to be lower than guaranteed in the
datasheet.
RF Output
Frequency is wrong
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
R&S SMC settings:
Instrument Preset
Setup
Adjustment
"Adjust al"
Setup
Reference external
RF on
Level: 0 dBm
Supply an external 10 MHz reference signal meeting the
level and frequency specification given in the datasheet.
Measure output frequency with a spectrum analyzer or a
frequency counter synchronized to the same reference.
The frequency error has to be < 0.1 Hz.
R&S SMC setting:
Setup
Reference internal
Measure the 10 MHz reference output signal with
spectrum analyzer or frequency counter and power
meter. Output frequency and level have to meet the
specifications given in the data sheet.
1411.4060.82
3.16
Without Reference Oscillator B1 being
equipped most probably the RF Board is
defective. Check the RF Board being
supplied correct (see page 3.22).
If the R&S SMC is equipped with Reference
Oscillator R&S SMC-B1 remove the unit
and perform this test again. If it works most
probably the Reference Oscillator B1 is
defective Check the Reference Oscillator
being supplied correct (see page 3.26).
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Fault
Test
Action if test fails
Poor Harmonic
Distortion
R&S SMC settings:
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
Instrument Preset
Reference internal
RF on
ATT-Mode Auto
Level = Maximum guaranteed level for harmonic
distortion (see datasheet)
Measure the level of the fundamental frequency with a
spectrum analyzer. The level of every harmonic has to
be at least 30 dB lower than the level at the fundamental
frequency. Repeat this test over the frequency range of
the instrument.
Comment: In ATT-Mode fixed harmonic distortion is not
guaranteed above Levels displayed under "Level" menu
"Attenuator Settings" "Fixed Range in".
Overvoltage
protection does not
trigger
Switch on RF -> apply a RF power of >1 W to RF N
connector -> The overvoltage protection must trigger.
If RF output is not switched of the RF Board
is defective.
Slow Settling times
Settling times are defined for GPIB remote control only.
The settling time is the time-delay after asserting EOI
until level and frequency are within the given tolerance
from their final values.
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
Be careful not to measure with an instrument drifting on
its own due to applying the RF from the R&S SMC.
10 MHz Reference
Input faulty
Check the 10 MHz reference signal fed into the
R&S SMC with a spectrum analyzer or frequency
counter and power meter. If level and frequency of this
signal is matching the specification in the datasheet set
the R&S SMC to:
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
Instrument Preset
Reference external
RF on
Frequency = 1 GHz
Level = 0 dBm
Check for error Messages. No “External Reference
Errors” are allowed to occur.
Measure output frequency with a spectrum analyzer or a
frequency counter synchronized to the same reference.
The frequency error has to be < 0.1 Hz.
1411.4060.82
3.17
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Fault
Test
Action if test fails
10 MHz Reference
Output faulty
R&S SMC setting:
R&S SMC without Reference Oscillator
R&S SMB-B1:
Setup
Reference internal
Measure 10 MHz reference output signal with spectrum
analyzer or frequency counter and power meter. Output
frequency and level have to meet the specifications
given in the data sheet.
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
R&S SMC with Reference Oscillator
R&S SMC-B1:
Remove the Reference Oscillator B1 (see
perform this test again. If still failing most
probably the RF Board is defective. Check
the RF Board being supplied correct (see
page 3.22).
If the 10 MHz reference signal is in tolerance
most probably the Reference Oscillator B1 is
defective. Check this module being supplied
correct (see page 3.26).
LFGen Output
Faulty
Check the connection of cable W215 to the
RF Board (see Removing the RF-Board).
R&S SMC settings:
LFGen Stat off
Measure the input resistance of the LF signal output with
a multimeter. The input resistance should be 10 X ± 10
X.
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
R&S SMC settings:
Setup
If it is connected correct most probably the
RF Board is defective. Check the RF Board
being supplied correct (see page 3.22).
Reference internal
LFGen Stat on
LFGen Level 1 V
LFGen Frequency 100 kHz
Attention: LF specification applies to loads greater or
equal 50 X only!
Check the level at the "LF"-BNC Connector with an
oscilloscope or voltage meter. Check the frequency and
harmonic distortion with an oscilloscope with FFT
functionality or with a spectrum analyzer.
MOD Ext Input
Faulty
1411.4060.82
Measure the input resistance of the Mod Ext BNC
connector signal with a multimeter. The input resistance
should be 221 kX ± 20 %
3.18
Check the connection of cable W214 to the
RF Board (see Removing the RF-Board).
If connected correct most probably the RF
Board is defective. Check the RF Board
being supplied correct (see page 3.22).
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Fault
Test
Action if test fails
Amplitude
Modulation Faulty
The AM is specified only up to the Peak Envelope Power
(PEP) noted in the datasheet. The PEP value of an AM
signal with depth m at setting level P is
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
PPEP = Level + 20 log10(1+ m/100)
So at m = 100 % the PEP is 6.02 dB higher than the
setting level shown in the display.
The AM performance has to match the values given in
the datasheet. Measure with a true demodulating
receiver, i.e. a R&S FSMR or R&S FSL/ FSP/ FSU/ FSQ
spectrum analyzer equipped with option R&S K7
Frequency/ Phase
Modulation Faulty
FM and PhiM Modulation are generated in the DDS
synthesizer reference signal on the RF Board. Run
Internal Adjustments to ensure the VCOs generating the
RF signal working in their optimum.
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
The FM performance has to match the values given in
the datasheet. Measure with a true demodulating
receiver, i.e. a R&S FSMR or R&S FSL/ FSP/ FSU/ FSQ
spectrum analyzer equipped with option R&S-K7
Pulse Generator/
Pulse Modulator
Faulty
The pulse generator is implemented fully digital in the RF
Board FPGA. The pulse signals are fed exclusive on the
RF Board to the pulse modulator switch. All external
pulse-BNC connectors are fitted on the RF Board as
well.
Most probably the RF Board is defective.
Check the RF Board being supplied correct
(see page 3.22).
Faulty Remote
interface
IEEE488, USB or
LAN
All remote interfaces including the interface connectors
are fitted directly on the Basis Board.
Most probably the Basis Board is defective.
Check the Basis Board being supplied
correct (see page 3.20).
1411.4060.82
3.19
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting – Basis Board Module
Supply Voltages
Before Troubleshooting on the Basis Board switch the R&S SMC on and measure the supply voltages on
its power supply connector (X101, see Fig. 3-4) and compare them to the values specified in the table
below. Pin 13 is the Power On-Signal for the power supply. As long as the voltage at this pin is +5 V the
power supply is switched off. The power supply is turned on by assigning 0 V to this pin. If one or more
voltages are not of the required level, the power supply is defective.
Pin at X101
Test Point
Fuse
R&S SMC in stand by mode
R&S SMC switched On
5…10
+5V (1)
F4
0V
+4.7 V … +5.3 V
5…10
+5V (2)
F7
0V
+4.7 V … +5.3 V
3, 4
+13V2 (1)
F3
0V
+12.4 V … +14.2 V
3, 4
+13V2 (2)
F5
0V
+12.4 V … +14.2 V
2
-13V2
F6
0V
-14.2 V … -12.4 V
1
+5V_STBY
F9
+4.7 V … +5.3 V
+4.7 V … +5.3 V
13
> +3 V
< 0.8 V
14…20
GND
GND
+28V
0V
+25.8V … 30.2V
+7V
0V
+6.4V … +7.6V
+3V3
0V
+3.1V … +3.5V
+3V0
0V
+2.85V … +3.15V
+2V5
0V
+2.3V … +2.7V
+1V8
0V
+1.7V … +1.9V
+1V2
0V
+1.15V … +1.25V
Fig. 3-4
Power Supply Test Points of the Basis Board
1411.4060.82
3.20
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Fuses
Switch on the R&S SMC and measure the voltage drop across the fuses F3 – F7 (yellow marked see Fig.
3-4) with a multimeter. The voltage across every fuse should be in the range -100 mV … +100 mV. The
fuses might be blown due to a defective module other than the Basis Board. If one of the fuses is blown
replace the fuse with the correct type given below. Remove connection W222 to the RF Board and W113
to the display. Switch on the R&S SMC and check the voltage drop across the fuses after two minutes
again. If one of the fuses is blown again the Basis Board is defective. If the fuses are OK switch of
R&S SMC again and then connect the display and switch on the R&S SMC again. If one of the fuses is
blown after two minutes and the display is not working the display is defective. If the RF Board is equipped
with the Reference Oscillator B1 remove this unit first. Now repeat the fuse test by first adding the
connection to the RF Board and then adding the Reference Oscillator B1. The module causing the blown
fuse is defective.
Fuse
Type
R&S Part Number
Manufacturer Part Number
F3
T5A
1090.4442.00
Littlefuse R452.005 NRL (MRL)
F4
FF10A
6104.9199.00
Littlefuse R452.010 NRL (MRL)
F5
T5A
1090.4442.00
Littlefuse R452.005 NRL (MRL)
F6
T5A
1090.4442.00
Littlefuse R452.005 NRL (MRL)
F7
FF10A
6104.9199.00
Littlefuse R452.010 NRL (MRL)
1411.4060.82
3.21
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting C RF Board module
The tests listed below ensure that an assumed error on the RF Board module is not caused by a defective
or incorrectly connected cable, incorrect adjustment or another module.
A comprehensive test of the module is to run the internal selftest and the internal adjustments. See
chapters "Troubleshooting with Internal Self Test" (see page 3.12) and "Troubleshooting with Internal
Adjustments" (see page 3.15).
Supply Voltages
The supply voltages of the RF Board are inspected via the test points located on the bottom side of the RF
Board nearby the ribbon cable connection (W222) to the Basis Board. Switch on the R&S SMC and
measure the supply voltages of the RF Board at the test points shown in Fig. 3-5. The measured voltages
have to meet the values given in the table below. If one or more voltages are not of the required level,
check the Basis Board (see page 3.20).
PCB label
Test Point
R&S SMC switched On
Shielding enclosure
GND
Q22
+12V
+12 V … +14 V
Q23
+7V
+6.5 V … +7.5 V
Q24
-12V
-14 V … -12 V
Q25
+28V
+26 V … + 30 V
Q26
+3V3
+3.1 V … + 3.5 V
Fig. 3-5
Power Supply Test Points of the RF Board
1411.4060.82
3.22
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Control Signals
The control signals of the RF Board can be measured at test points on the bottom side of the RF Board
nearby the ribbon cable connection (W222) to the Basis Board. (see Fig. 3-6). Signals going to the RF
Board are colored red and signals coming from the RF Board are colored blue.
Fig. 3-6
Signal Test Points of the RF Board.
Perform the following settings at the R&S SMC:
•
•
•
Preset
RF on
SETUP
- Protection… (deactivate protection level 1, see 3.13) - Test Point…
DIAG_SMC_RF_LCON
Use the test points in the table below and control the signals with an Oscilloscope.
Oscilloscope settings:
•
•
•
Voltage: 1V / Div
Timespan: 1 µs/ Div
Trigger: Normal
Measure these signals
Test point
Function
Q4, Q6, Q14, Q15
Q5
Logic Control Signals
Logic Control Signal
Q11, Q13
Q12
Reset
Interrupt Signal
Q1
Blank Signal
Q3
Diagnosis Voltage
Q8, Q16, Q17
Q7
Logic Control Signals
Logic Control Signal
1411.4060.82
Signal at normal operation
Check the serial number of the RF Board
displayed in the GUI:
SETUP - Hardware-Config… – RF Board More…
If the number is correct these signals are OK.
If not measure these Test-Points with an
Oscilloscope: They should toggle between
LOW and HIGH (LVC 3.3V)
HIGH (LVC 3.3V)
normal Operation: HIGH (LVC 3.3V) Switch
R&S SMC to Reference extern without applying
10 MHz Reference signal: LOW (LVC 3.3V)
normal Operation: LOW (LVC 3.3V) during
Frequency switching: HIGH (LVC 3.3V)
Voltage toggles on every update of the
diagnosis
Check the serial number of the MOD-FPGA
displayed in the GUI:
SETUP - Hardware-Config… – MOD-FPGA
– More…
If the number is not 0.0 these signals are OK.
If not measure these Test-Points with an
Oscilloscope: They toggle between LOW and
3.23
Defective
Basis Board
RF Board
Basis Board
RF Board
Basis Board
RF Board
Basis Board
RF Board
E-1
Troubleshooting
Q21
R&S SMC100A
HIGH (LVC 3.3V) during the first seconds after
switching on the instrument
no signal at PULSE EXT / INST TRIG X203:
HIGH (LVC 3.3V)
trigger signal at PULSE EXT / INST TRIG X203:
inverted trigger signal (LVC 3.3V)
Interrupt Instrument Trigger
RF Board
If one of these Signals is not as described change the connector cable and test again. If the signals still
not match their description change the defective board according to the table.
Internal Input and Output Signals
Connector,
system
Signal name
Setting on signal
generator
Frequency
Level
Signal flow
X212, SMA
RF
RF ON
9 kHz to 3.2 GHz
-120 dBm to
+ 19 dBm
to N RF connector at front
X214, SMP
MOD EXT
AM/FM/PM Source
Ext
0.0 to 100 kHz
-1 V to +1 V
from BNC MOD EXT at front
X215, SMP
LFGEN
LF output on
0.1 Hz to 100 kHz
0 V to 2.55 V
to BNC LF at front
Error Messages Concerning the RF Board Module
Error message
“ALC unlocked”
Error correction
Automatic Level Control ALC exceeds its upper bound.
Set attenuator mode “Auto”.
"main loop unlocked"
Execute Internal Adjustment "Adjust Synthesis".
If the error message does not disappear change the module.
"Synthesis adjustment failed"
Execute Internal Adjustment "Adjust Synthesis".
If error messages does not disappear, check the diagnosis (see
Troubleshooting with Internal Test Points). If the diagnosis
measurements work change the RF Board.
"Synthesis adjustment data invalid"
Execute Internal Adjustment "Adjust Synthesis".
If the error messages does not disappear, check the diagnosis
(see
Troubleshooting with Internal Test Points). If the diagnosis
measurements work change the RF Board.
Warnings Concerning the RF Board Module
Warnings
“Extern reference oscillator out of range”
Warning correction
Check for correct External Reference Frequency setting and
corresponding input signal.
If the input signal and frequency settings are correct and the error
message is still displayed, change the module.
“Output protection tripped”
Excessive reverse power at the RF port tripped the output
protection.
Remove the overload condition and press the “RF ON/OFF” button
to enter normal operation.
"Pep value greater than defined limit"
1411.4060.82
The peak envelope power (PEP) is higher than the set upper limit.
3.24
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Warnings
Warning correction
Reduce the output level.
"Pep value less than defined lower bound (fix range )"
The peak envelope power (PEP) is lower than the permissible
lower limit in the "fix range" mode of the attenuator.
Increase the output level, set the attenuator mode to "Auto", or
reset the "fix range" by briefly switching the attenuator mode to
"Auto" and then switching back to "Fixed".
"Pep value greater than defined upper bound (fix
range)"
The peak envelope power (PEP) is higher than the permissible
upper limit in the "fix range" mode of the attenuator.
Reduce the output level, set the attenuator mode to "Auto", or reset
the "fix range" by briefly switching the attenuator mode to "'Auto"
and then switching back to "Fixed".
"Settings conflict, pep value vs. AM depth"
The peak envelope power (PEP) is higher than the permissible
upper limit because of the set AM modulation depth.
Reduce the output level or increase the level limit (e.g. by switching
the attenuator mode to "Auto" if "Normal" or "Fixed" mode was set).
Reducing the AM modulation depth will also eliminate the warning.
"Settings conflict, pep value greater than allowed level
vs. frequency"
“Settings-conflict: frequency vs. deviation
vs.modulation-mode”
The full output level range cannot be utilized at low frequencies
below 500 kHz because internal components may be overloaded.
Reduce the output level to eliminate the warning.
The deviation setting in frequency or phase modulation is incorrect.
Check deviation setting of frequency or phase modulation.
"settings for PulseGen are wrong"
Settings for the internal pulse generator are incorrect. Check the
time settings of the pulse generator
Frequency Error
Error
Error correction
Internal reference frequency:
The frequency accuracy of the synthesizer is determined (set to internal
reference, without option R&S SMC-B1 OCXO) by a highly stable 20 MHz
quartz oscillator that is set to a calibrated frequency standard at the R&S
factory. This oscillator is subject to ageing and can be recalibrated (see
chapter 2 “Adjustment of internal Reference Frequency”).
Frequency error greater than limit given in
datasheet
Note:
1411.4060.82
The internal reference can be impaired under the menu Setup Reference Oscillator - Adjustment. This setting does not affect the
factory adjustment and can be reset at any time by means of
deactivation. If the tuning range is insufficient to reach the frequency
error given in the datasheet the TCXO is defective. Replace the RF
Board.
3.25
E-1
Troubleshooting
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting C Reference Oscillator option R&S SMC-B1
If a frequency error is observed which is greater than specified in the data sheet try to adjust the center
frequency of the reference oscillator (see chapter 2 “Adjustment of internal Reference Frequency”). If it is
not possible to meet the specifications by adjusting the center frequency the module is defective and
should be replaced.
Input and Output Signals
The Reference Oscillator has only one Futurbus connector (X1). The Reference Oscillator is plugged into
the RF Board (X221 see Fig. 3-7). All signals and the supply voltage are fed to the module through this
connector. Check the voltages for the OCXO being according to the following table. To test the serial bus
signals watch the signal lines while toggling between internal and external reference with an
Oscilloscope. Voltage Levels between LOW and HIGH (LVC 3.3V).
Fig. 3-7
Pin location X221 on RF Board
Pin of X221
RF Board
Voltage/
Signal
Pin of X221
RF Board
Voltage/
Signal
Pin of X221
RF Board
Voltage/
Signal
Pin of X221
RF Board
A1
Clock-signal
serial Bus
B1
NC
C1
GND
D1
A2
Data-signal
to B-1 serial
Bus
B2
+ 3.3 V
when
Oven Cold
C2
NC
D2
A3
Chip Select
signal
serial Bus
B3
Data-signal
from B-1
serial Bus
C3
+5.0 V
when
B1 on
D3
A4
NC
B4
NC
C4
NC
D4
A5
NC
B5
NC
C5
GND
D5
GND
A6
+4.5 V +5.5 V
B6
+4.5 V +5.5 V
C6
+10.5 V –
+12.5 V
D6
NC
1411.4060.82
3.26
Voltage/
Signal
+4.5 V +5.5 V
0 V when
B1 fitted
10 MHz
LVDS signal
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Troubleshooting
Error Messages Concerning the Reference Oscillator Module
Error message
Error correction
"OCXO 10 MHz oven cold”
If this message does not disappear after 10 minutes, OCXO is
defective, change the module.
"Synchronization error on internal reference"
Switch the R&S SMC to external Reference and supply a 10 MHz
10 dBm signal to the Reference Input of the RF BOARD. If the
error disappears and the R&S SMC is working correct the OCXO is
defective, change the module.
"OCXO: cannot read EEPROM data"
This indicates problems concerning the data transfer from and to
the EEPROM of the module. If changing the module does not help,
change the RF Board module.
"OCXO: cannot store adjustment data"
Frequency Error, Reference Oscillator Adjustment
Error
Error correction
Internal reference frequency:
The frequency accuracy of the synthesizer is determined (set to internal
reference) by a highly stable oven controlled 10 MHz quartz oscillator that
is set to a calibrated frequency standard at the R&S factory. This oscillator
is subject to ageing and can be recalibrated (see chapter 2 “Adjustment of
internal Reference Frequency”).
Frequency error greater than limit given in
datasheet
Note:
1411.4060.82
The internal reference can be tuned by up to approx. ±10-6 under the
menu Setup - Reference Oscillator - Adjustment. This setting does
not affect the factory adjustment and can be reset at any time by
means of deactivation.
3.27
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
This section describes in detail the replacement of modules. Chapter 5 provides information on how to
order spare parts; it contains the list of mechanical parts with order numbers and the illustrations for
module replacement.
Required tools
•
•
•
Star screwdriver TX 20
Star screwdriver TX 8
Star screwdriver TX 6
•
•
•
•
•
Side cutter
Flat pliers
Pincette
Tubular box wrench or a combinations wrench 16mm
Torque wrench 8mm
Notice
Urgent
Please screw all the HF – conductions with the Torque wrench (60 Ncm) and NOT with
an ordinary open-end wrench
Please wear gloves, when you touch the electronic devices
Overview of the Modules
Table 3-1
Overview - module replacement
Module
Designation
Order No.
See page
Power Supply (AC 90 V to 264 V)
A50
1406.7320.00
3.69
Basis Board 2
A100
1406.6700.04
3.58
RF Board
A200
1411.4402.02
3.66
Front unit R&S SMC
A300
1411.4602.02
3.33
Encoder Board
A310
1300.3044.02
3.43
TFT 3.5 QVGA DRGB LED (Display 3.5 inch)
A30
1407.3586.00
3.37
Fan Unit
E1
1406.6330.00
3.73
Note:
The words "left" and "right" in the manual always refer to the front view of the instrument.
1411.4060.82
3.28
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
After replacing an assembly
After you have replaced one of the assemblies, certain adjustments, functional checks or performance
tests have to be carried out. Please refer to chapter 2 “Procedures after module replacement”.
1411.4060.82
3.29
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Safety Instruction
CAUTION
Danger of injury
For module replacement, ensure that the instrument is switched off and disconnected
from the power supply by removing the plug from the AC and DC power connector.
Read all safety instructions at the beginning of this manual carefully before module
replacement!
Only Rohde & Schwarz Service personnel and trained personnel may perform a module
replacement.
When removing the rear feet, the unit can slip out of the cabinet.
CAUTION
•
Put the unit into the front handles, before removing the rear feet and taking off the cabinet. Thus the risk
of personal injuries and damages to the unit is avoided.
•
When mounting the cabinet take care not to pen in the fingers. Also pay attention not to damage or pull
off cables. Screw the rear feet back on immediately after mounting the cabinet. Do not move the unit with
the rear feet missing
Risk of damage to the electronic components
To avoid damage of electronic components the operational site must be protected
against electrostatic discharge
The following two methods of ESD protection may be used together or separately:
- Wrist strap with cord to ground connection.
- Conductive floor mat and heel strap combination.
Wrist strap with cord
Building ground
Ground connection
of operational site
Heel strap
Floor mat
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3.30
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Dismounting the tube
Put the instrument on the protective front corners.
Unscrew the four screws of the 2 protective rear corners (rear right 1096.6647.00 (550) and rear left
1096.6630.00 (540)) on both sides and take them off.
Pull off the tube SMC100A 1411.4383.00 (510).
When mounting the tube, take care not to damage or pull off cables!
Mounting the tube
(See picture from “Dismounting the tube”)
Put the instrument on the protective front corners.
Pull on the tube SMC100A 1411.4383.00 (510).
Put the two protective rear corners (rear right 1096.6647.00 (550) and rear left 1096.6630.00 (540))
on the SMC and screw it with the four screws.
When mounting the case, take care not to damage or pull off cables!
1411.4060.82
3.31
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Replacing Fuse
NOTICE
Risk of damage to the instrument
Ensure that the power supply cord is disconnected.
If you are not using the supplied spares, be sure to use fuses of the same type and
rating.
Switch off the instrument.
Disconnect the power supply cord.
To replace a fuse, unscrew the fuse holder at the rear panel of the instrument.
Pull the fuse of the fuse holder.
Installing Fuse
(see picture from “Replacing Fuses”)
Push in the fuse in the fuse holder ( Fuse 5 x 20 250V, 3,15A)
Screw the fuse holder at the rear panel of the instrument.
Replacing the Front Unit (A300)
(See drawings 1411.4602.01, 1411.4748.00 and 1411.4002.01).
Removing the Front Unit A300 (1411.4602.02)
Switch off the instrument and pull the mains plug.
Dismounting the tube (see page 3.31).
Disconnect the 4 screws, remove the protective corner front left and right 1096.6618.00 (520) and
1096.6624.00 (530) and the front cover SMC 1411.4683.00 (500).
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3.32
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Disconnect the four screws 1148.3271.00 (401), two on the top side and two on the bottom side of
the front unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400).
Pull off the flex.switch board cable 1411.4660.00 (403) from X 112, the flex-strip cable W310
1146.9150.00 (413) from X111 and the flex-strip cable W330 1411.4731.00 (409) from X113 from the
basisboard 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
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3.33
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Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Slice up the two cable ties 0015.9038.00 (208) and disconnect the cables W214 Mod Ext – RF Board
1406.8149.00 (650), the W215 LF- RF Board 1406.8132.00 (660) and W212 (630).
Remove the front unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400) forwards.
Install the Front Unit A300 (1411.4602.02)
Move the Front Unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400) backwards.
Connect the cables W214 Mod Ext – RF Board 1406.8149.00 (650), the W215 LF- RF Board
1406.8132.00 (660) and W212 (630) and fix them with the two cable ties 0015.9038.00 (208).
Plug in the flex.switch board cable 1411.4660.00 (403) to X 112, the flex-strip cable W310
1146.9150.00 (413) to X111 and the flex-strip cable W330 1411.4731.00 (409) to X113 from the
basisboard 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
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3.34
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Connect the four screws 1148.3271.00 (401), two on the top side and two on the bottom side of the
front unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400).
Move the front cover SMC 1411.4683.00 (500) and the protective corner front left and right
1096.6618.00 (520) and 1096.6624.00 (530) back and screw it with the four screws.
Mounting the tube (see page 3.32).
CAUTION
Store the RF cables at a save place.
These cables are not components of the front unit.
Urgent
Please screw all the HF – conductions with the Torque wrench and NOT
with an ordinary open-end wrench
When you mount the cables, ensure their correct position in the front unit.
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3.35
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Replacing the TFT Display (A330), Encoder Board (A310),
Flex. Switch Board, Pushbutton Board Set and the key frame
with pane and front corner plate
It is recommended to replace the front unit as a whole. Principally, it is possible to replace the individual
components of the front unit
(See drawing 1411.4602.01).
NOTICE
1411.4060.82
Risk
When installing the keyframe with pane (50), make sure it is free of dust and
fingerprints.
3.36
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Removing the flex.switch Board, the Pushbutton-Set and the key
frame with pane
Removing the Front Unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400) (see page 3.34).
Remove the Knob 21126131.00 (416) from the front side of the SMC.
Unscrew the ten screws 1148.3265.00 (406) an remove the key frame with pane 1411.4754.00 (405),
the push-button board SMC 1411.4654.00 (404), the flex.switch board 1411.4660.00 (403)
Removing the TFT Display A330 and the Encoder Board A310
NOTICE
Risk
When installing the TFT Display, make sure it is free of dust and fingerprints.
Removing the Front Unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400) (see page 3.34).
Remove the Knob 21126131.00 (416) from the front side of the SMC.
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3.37
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Unscrew the two screws 1148.3059.00 (412) and remove the encoder board A310 1300.3044.02
(411).
Clip the display cover 1411.4631.00 (410) out of the mounting though 1411.4619.00 (402).
Remove keyframe with pane , push-button boards and flexstrip.
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3.38
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Clip out the display, with pressing down the clip and push carefully the display from frontside
Remove display A330 1407.3586.00 (408) from the display cover 1411.4631.00 (410)
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3.39
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Removing the front corner plate
Dismounting the tube (see page 3.31).
Slice up the two cable ties 0015.9038.00 (208) and disconnect the cables W214 Mod Ext – RF Board
1406.8149.00 (650), the W215 LF- RF Board 1406.8132.00 (660) and W212 (630).
Remove the Knob 21126131.00 (416) and the front cover SMC 1411.4302.00 (500) from the front
side of the SMC.
Unscrew the four screws 1148.3265.00 (415) and remove the front corner plate 1411.4748.00 (414)
forwards.
1411.4060.82
3.40
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Install the Flex.switch Board, the Pushbutton Set and the key frame
with pane
Move the key frame with pane 1411.4754.00 (405), the push-button board SMC 1411.4654.00 (40),
the flex.switch board 1411.4660.00 (30) back and screw them with the ten screws 1148.3265.00
(406).
Move the Knob 21126131.00 (416) on the front side of the SMC.
Install the Front Unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400) (see page 3.34).
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3.41
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Install the TFT Display A330 and the Encoder Board A310
NOTICE
Risk
When installing the display, make sure it is free of dust and fingerprints.
Move the TFT display 1407.3586.00 (408) into the display cover 1411.4631.00 (410).
Put in the powder seal 1411.4690.00 (407) in shown position. Use the position markers in in the
mounting though 1411.4619.00 (402)
Clip the display cover 1411.4631.00 (410) in the mounting though 1411.4619.00 (402).
Place it like shown, then clip it in first on upper side, then on lower side.
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3.42
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Move the encoder board A310 1300.3044.02 (411) and screw it with the two screws 1148.3059.00
(412).
Move the Knob 21126131.00 (416) on the front side of the SMC.
Install the Front Unit A300 1411.4602.02 (400) (see page 3.34).
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3.43
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Install the front corner plate
Move the front corner plate 1411.4748.00 (414) backwards and screw it with the four screws
1148.3265.00 (415).
Connect the cables W214 Mod Ext – RF Board 1406.8149.00 (650), the W215 LF- RF Board
1406.8132.00 (660) and W212 (630) and fix them with the two cable ties 0015.9038.00 (208).
Move the Knob 21126131.00 (416) and the front cover SMC 1411.4302.00 (500) to the front side of
the SMC.
Mounting the tube (see page 3.32).
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3.44
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Replacing the Power Supply A50
(see drawing 1411.4002.01).
Removing the Power Supply A 50
Switch off the instrument and pull the mains plug.
Dismounting the tube (see page 3.31).
Disconnect the three combinations screws 0041.1653.00 (160) on the back side of the instrument.
Disconnect the two screws 1148.3271.00 (206) from the power supply holder 1/2 1411.4277.00 (204)
Pull of the power supply cable from X 101 from the basis board 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
Pull the power supply forwards and remove it.
1411.4060.82
3.45
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Install the Power Supply A 50
Move the power supply into the instrument and push it backwards.
Plug the power supply cable in X 101 from the basis board 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
Connect the power supply holder1/2 1411.4277.00 (204) with the two screws 1148.3271.00 (206) on
boths sides of the instrument.
Connect the three combinations screws 0041.1653.00 (160) on the back side of the instrument.
Mounting the tube (see page 3.32).
160
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3.46
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Replacing the Basis Board 2 (A100)
(see chapter 5, drawing 1411.4002.01).
Removing the Basis Board 2
Switch off the instrument and pull the mains plug.
Dismounting the tube (see page 3.31).
Removing the power supply (see page 3.50).
Unscrew the three combinations screws 0041.1653.00 (160) on the back side of the instrument.
Pull off the flex.switch board cable 1411.4660.00 (403) from X 112, the flex-strip cable W310
1146.9150.00 (413) from X111 and the flex-strip cable W330 1411.4731.00 (409) from X113.
Unscrew the six screws 0041.1653.00 (160) from the basis board 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
Pull off the IEC Bus Cable W108 1411.4760.00 (710) from X108, the fan cable from X 116 and W222
cable BB-RF Board 1406.8110.00 (440) from X 103.
Remove the basis board 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
1411.4060.82
3.47
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Installing the Basis Board 2
Move the basis board 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
Connect the IEC Bus Cable W108 1411.4760.00 (710) on X108, the fan cable on X 116 and W222
cable BB-RF Board 1406.8110.00 (440) on X 103.
Screw the six screws 0041.1653.00 (160) to the basis board 2 A100 1406.6700.04 (150).
Connect the flex.switch board cable 1411.4660.00 (403) on X 112, the flex-strip cable W310
1146.9150.00 (413) on X111 and the flex-strip cable W330 1411.4731.00 (409) on X113.
Screw the three combinations screws 0041.1653.00 (160) on the back side of the instrument.
Install the power supply (see page 3.51).
Mounting the tube (see page 3.32).
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3.48
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Replacing the SIM Card A 110
NOTICE
When changing the Basis Board 2, you have to remove the SIM card.
The SIM card is part of your instrument and will not be replaced by Rohde & Schwarz if
lost. Therefore, always keep the SIM card with you.
Switch off the instrument and pull the mains plug.
Dismounting the tube (see page 3.31).
Removing the power supply (see page 3.50).
Removing the Basis Board 2 (see 3.53).
The SIM card A110 1411.4883.00 (155) is located on the rear side of the Basis Board 2.
Open the latch of the SIM card holder by sliding the retaining bracket toward OPEN.
Flip the SIM card holder upward.
The latch of the SIM card holder is open, now remove the SIM card SMC.
To install the SIM card, proceed in the reverse order.
1411.4060.82
3.49
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Replacing the RF-Board (A200)
(see drawing 1411.4002.01).
Removing the RF-Board
Note:
If the R&S SMC-B1 (Reference Oscillator) option is installed, uninstall this option first (see page 3.66)
Switch off the instrument and pull the mains plug.
Dismounting the tube (see page 3.31).
Slice up the two cable ties 0015.9038.00 (208) and disconnect the cables W214 Mod Ext – RF Board
1406.8149.00 (650), the W215 LF- RF Board 1406.8132.00 (660) and W212 (630) and the cable
BB–RF Board W222 1406.8110.00 (440).
Remove the 4 nuts of the BNC-connectors.
Unscrew the 5 screws 1148.2869.00 (260) from the RF-board A 200 1411.4402.0 (250) and remove
the board carfully.
1411.4060.82
3.50
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Installing the RF-Board
Place the RF-Board A200 1411.4402.02 (250) into the SMC in the right position and fix it with 5
screws 1148.2869.00 (260).
NOTICE
Do not screw down the 5 screws, just fix them and after fixing the 4 BNC-Connector
nuts you can screw down the 5 screws.
Fix the 4 BNC-Connectors with the nuts.
Screw the 5 screws 1148.2869.00 (260) and than screw the 4 BNC-Connectors with the nuts.
1411.4060.82
3.51
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Connect the Cables W214 Mod Ext – RF Board 1406.8149.00 (420), W215 LF –RF Board
1406.8132.00 (43), W212 1411.4390.00 (630) and the cable BB-RF-Board W222 1406.8110.00
(440).
Mounting the tube ( see page 3.32)
1411.4060.82
3.52
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Replacing the Fan Unit (E1)
(see drawing 1411.4002.01 and 1411.4348.01).
Removing the Fan Unit (E1)
Switch off the instrument and pull the mains plug.
Dismounting the tube (see page 3.31).
Disconnect the fan cable at X 116 and push the rubber pins (1146.2161.00) through the trough.
Pull the fan unit E1 1406.6330.00 (106) upwards.
Install the Fan Unit (E1)
Install the new fan and proceed in the reverse order.
Cut off the unnecessary rubber from the pins which extend outside the instrument casing.
Fan Unit E1 1406.6330.00 (106), see also “Overview of the Modules”, page 3.28.
1411.4060.82
3.53
E-1
Module Replacement
R&S SMC100A
Replacing the SMC – B1
Install the SMC – B1
Switch off the instrument and pull the mains plug.
Unscrew the two combinations screws 0041.1653.00 (508) and remove the rear panel 2
1411.4302.00 (507).
Carefully move the reference oscillator SMC – B1 forwards.
Screw the reference oscillator SMC – B1 with the 2 combinations screws 0041.1653.00 (508).
1411.4060.82
3.54
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Module Replacement
Remove the Reference Oscillator SMC-B1
Unscrew the 2 combinations screws 0041.1653.00 (508).
Carefully remove the reference oscillator SMC – B1 backwards (see pic. SMC-B1)
1411.4060.82
3.55
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Contents - Software Update/Installing Options
Contents - Chapter 4 "Software Update/Installing Options"
4 Software Update / Installing Options.................................................................. 4.1
Installation of New R&S SMC Firmware .........................................................................................4.1
Installing the Options.......................................................................................................................4.2
Hardware Options ....................................................................................................................4.2
Software Options......................................................................................................................4.3
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I-4.1
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Installation of New R&S SMC Firmware
4 Software Update / Installing Options
This chapter contains information on firmware update, Linux operating system update and installing
options to the R&S SMC. Additional manuals obtained together with a firmware update or with
subsequently acquired options can be filed here.
NOTICE
Possible impairment of the functioning of the instrument
The instrument is equipped with the Linux operating system. It is thus possible to
install COTS software in the instrument. The use and installation of commercial
off-the-shelf (COTS) software may impair the instrument function. For this reason,
we recommend that you only execute programs tested by Rohde&Schwarz with
regard to their compatibility with the instrument software. In certain cases, the use
of these programs can impair the performance of the instrument.
The drivers and programs used in the instrument under Linux have been adapted
to the test instrument. Existing instrument software must only be modified with
update software released by Rohde & Schwarz.
Installation of New R&S SMC Firmware
Your R&S SMC is delivered with the latest firmware version available. Firmware updates as well as the
Release Notes describing the improvements and modifications are provided on the Internet at the
download site of the R&S SMC homepage http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/product/smc100a. This
homepage always offers the latest information on your signal generator, e.g. also on changes of the
firmware update procedure.
Firmware updates always are delivered in one single file with a filename starting with “SMC_” and
ending in “.rsu”. The version numbers in the filename vary with each update.
Firmware update:
SMC_x.xx.xx.rsu
The installation of a new firmware version is performed via the USB interface. A deinstallation of the old
firmware is not necessary.
The update file has to be downloaded from the Internet to a PC. From there the file should be
transferred to the root directory of a memory stick which will later be plugged into the USB interface of
the instrument. The firmware update is performed while the instrument is running. The new firmware will
be loaded right after the update process. If the instrument “sees” a memory stick at its USB interface, it
offers all versions stored in the root directory for selection. Thus, an upgrade or downgrade of the
firmware is possible at any time.
Installing the firmware
NOTICE
Risk of impairment of instrument function!
To avoid impairment of instrument functions, the update of the firmware must not
be cancelled and the instrument must not be switched off during the update.
It is strongly recommended to do no downgrade below the firmware version the
instrument has been delivederd with.
1411.4060.82
4.1
E-1
Installing the Options
R&S SMC100A
1. Switch on the instrument and wait until it is operational.
2. Plug in the memory stick which contains the update file (previously downloaded from the Internet) to
the USB interface of the instrument.
3. Wait until the software update dialog appears and confirm the update.
4. Select the firmware version to be installed with the cursor up/down keys and press the rotary knob to
activate your selection. The selected version will be installed.
5. Wait until the software update completed message appears.
6. Remove USB stick and press the rotary knob to shut down instrument.
7. Power on instrument by pressing the power button.
8. When the new/updated firmware is up and running, execute internal adjustments after a warmup
time of approx. 10 minutes.
Press the SETUP key on the instrument front panel, select Internal Adjustments and execute
Adjust All.
This process updates internal instrument adjustments and can take several minutes.
Adjustments requiring external measurement equipment are not affected by the firmware update
and need not to be performed.
Installing the Options
A list of all available R&S SMC options is provided in the data sheet and on the internet
http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/product/smc100a.
Hardware Options
Installation and replacement of hardware options is described in chapter 3 of this service manual.
Please also note the mounting instructions enclosed with the options. These mounting instructions can
be filed at this place in the service manual and are thus easily available whenever they are required.
CAUTION
NOTICE
Danger of shock hazard
For module replacement, ensure that the instrument is switched off and disconnected
from the power supply by removing the plug from the AC and DC power connector.
Read all safety instructions at the beginning of this manual carefully before module
replacement!
Danger of damage to components of the module
Protect the operational site against electrostatic discharge to avoid damage to electronic
components of the modules. For details refer to the safety instructions at the beginning
of this manual.
The SETUP Installed Options menu provides information on the already installed options.
1411.4060.82
4.2
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Installing the Options
Software Options
All available software options are already included in the latest firmware. They are ready to operate after
they are enabled by means of a key code supplied with the option.
Only if the R&S SMC is equipped with an older firmware version, a firmware update prior to enabling the
software option may be required. The information on the valid firmware versions for the purchased
software option is provided together with the option.
The key code is to be entered into the SETUP Install SW Option menu.
The SETUP Installed Options menu provides information on the already installed options
1411.4060.82
4.3
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Contents - Documents
Contents - Chapter 5 "Documents"
5 Documents......................................................................................................................................5.1
Spare Parts........................................................................................................................................5.1
Available Power Cables ...................................................................................................................5.2
1411.4060.82
I-5.1
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Spare Parts
5 Documents
This chapter provides information on the ordering of spare parts and contains the documents for the
complete R&S SMC unit.
Spare Parts
The stock numbers necessary for ordering replacement parts and modules can be found in the component lists further down.
CAUTION
Danger of shock hazard
For module replacement, ensure that the instrument is switched off and disconnected from the power supply by removing the plug from the AC and DC power
connector.
Read all safety instructions at the beginning of this manual carefully before module replacement!
NOTICE
Risk of damage to the module
When shipping a module be careful to provide for sufficient mechanical and antistatic protection.
1411.4060.82
5.1
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Available Power Cables
Available Power Cables
Table 5-1 List of power cables available
Stock No.
Earthed-contact connector
Preferably used in
DS 0006.7013.00
BS1363: 1967' 10 A, 250 V
complying with
IEC 83: 1975 standard B2
Great Britain
DS 0006.7020.00
Type 12, 10 A, 250 V
complying with
SEV-regulation 1011.1059,
standard sheet S 24 507
Switzerland
DS 0006.7036.00
Type 498 / 13, 10 A, 250 V
complying with
US-regulation UL 498, or with IEC 83
USA / Canada
DS 0041.4752.00
GB2099, GB1002, 10 A, 250 V
approvals CCC
China
DS 0041.6232.00
JIS C 8303, 7A, 125 V AC
approvals PSE (JET)
Japan
DS 0006.7107.00
Type SAA3, 10 A, 250 V,
complying with AS C112-1964 Ap.
Australia
DS 0025.2365.00
DS 0099.1456.00
DIN 49 441, 10 A, 250 V, angular
DIN 49 441, 10 A, 250 V, straight
approvals VDE, ÖVE, CEBEC, KEMA,
S, D, N, FI, LCIE, IMQ, UCIEE
Europe (except Switzerland)
1411.4060.82
5.2
E-1
R&S SMC100A
Spare Parts List
1411.4060.82
5.3
E-1
Pos.-Nr.
ItemNo
Menge
Quantity
ME
Unit
El.Kennz
Ref.Des.
Benennung / Bezeichnung
Designation
Z
Sachnummer
Stock No.
Ersatzteil
Subst.part
BA
VH
0999.9684.00
M
O
M
ACHTUNG EGB/ATTENTION ESD
*VARIANTENERKLAERUNG
*EXPLANATION OF MODELS
_
Für diese Unterlage behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor.
Ausgedruckte Dokumente unterliegen nicht dem Änderungsdienst.
For this document all rights are reserved.
Printed documents are not subject to revision
VAR02=GRUNDVARIANTE
MOD02=BASIC MODEL
7 0
S
PB ERSATZTEILLISTE VORHANDEN
SPARE PARTS LIST AVAILABLE
Ersatzteilliste SMC
ID.Nr. 1411.4031.01 ST
100 1
S
ZM CHASSIS SMC
CHASSIS SMC
Z
1411.4348.02
150 1
S
A100
ED BASISBOARD 2
BASIS BOARD 2
Z
1406.6700.04
155 1
S
A110
HS CHIPKARTE SMC100A
CHIPCARD SMC100A
Z
1411.4883.00
M
160 10
S
VS 6900/ISR-M2.5X8-A2
COMBINATION SCREWS
0041.1653.00
B
170 1
S
MZ USB / NETZTEILWINKEL
USB/POWER SUPPLY HOLDER
1411.4331.00
M
180 2
S
VS 7985/ISR-M3X6-A4-PA
SCREW
1148.2630.00
B
O
200 1
S
GJ SCHALTNETZTEIL AC90-264V
POWER SUPPLY
1406.7336.00
B
B
204 1
S
MZ NETZTEILHALTERUNG 1/2
POWER SUPPLY HOLDER
206 2
S
VS 965/ISR-M2.5X4-A4-PA
965/ISR-M2.5X4-A4-PA
207 1
S
MZ UNTERLEGBELCH
HOLDER
208 3
S
210 2
S
250 1
S
260 5
S
400 1
S
401 4
S
440 1
S
500 1
A50
A200
Z
Z
1148.3271.00
B
1411.4260.00
M
DZ KABELBI.RD 1 BIS 25 B2
CABLETIE
0015.9038.00
B
O
VS 965/ISR-M2X5-A4-PA
965/ISR-M2X5-A4-PA
1148.3265.00
B
O
Z
ED RF BOARD
RF BOARD
Z
1411.4402.02
X
1148.2869.00
ZM FRONTEINHEIT SMC
FRONT UNIT SMC
Z
1411.4602.02
B
X
1148.3271.00
B
1406.8110.00
M
S
KB FRONTHAUBE SMC BEDRUCKT
FRONT COVER SMC PRINTED
Z
1411.4683.00
M
507 1
S
KB RÜCKWAND 2 SMC BEDRUCKT
REAR PANEL 2 SMC PRINTED
Z
1411.4302.00
M
508 2
S
VS 6900/ISR-M2.5X8-A2
COMBINATION SCREWS
0041.1653.00
B
510 1
S
KR BW2 TUBUS 2E1/2T350 SMC100A
BW2 TUBE 2HU1/2D350 SMC100A
1411.4383.00
M
Benennung/Designation
SMC100A SIGNAL GENERATOR
SMC100A SIGNAL GENERATOR
Datum/
Date
2008-07-18
Abt. /
Dept.
1GPK
Sprach./Lang
Ä.I. / C.I
de en
06.00
BU
T
T
Blatt/Sheet
1 of 2
Dokument Nr. / Document No.
Name /
Name
T
M
Z
Z
T
M
DY KABEL BB-RF-BOARD
CABLE BB-RF-BOARD
SMC100A
T
M
VS 965/ISR-M2.5X4-A4-PA
965/ISR-M2.5X4-A4-PA
W222
X
M
1411.4277.00
VS 7985/ISR-M2.5X16-A4-PA
7985/ISR-M2.5X16-A4-PA
A300
X
1411.4002.01 ST
Pos.-Nr.
ItemNo
ME
Unit
El.Kennz
Ref.Des.
Benennung / Bezeichnung
Designation
Z
Sachnummer
Stock No.
Ersatzteil
Subst.part
BA
VH
520 1
S
KR BW2-SCHUTZECK VO.LI.2E HART
PROTECTIVE CORNER FRONT LEFT
1096.6618.00
B
O
530 1
S
KR BW2-SCHUTZECK VO.RE.2E HART
PROTECTIVE CORNER FRONT RIGHT 2HU
1096.6624.00
B
O
540 1
S
KR BW2-SCHUTZECK HI.LI.2E HART
PROTECTIVE COVER REAR LEFT 2HU
1096.6630.00
B
O
550 1
S
KR BW2-SCHUTZECK HI.RE.2E HART
PROTECTIVE COVER REAR RIGHT 2HU
1096.6647.00
B
O
700 1
S
HS FIRMWARE SMC
FIRMWARE SMC
Z
1411.4502.00
M
710 1
S
DY IEC BUS CABLE
IEC BUS CABLE
Z
1411.4760.00
M
W108
Für diese Unterlage behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor.
Ausgedruckte Dokumente unterliegen nicht dem Änderungsdienst.
For this document all rights are reserved.
Printed documents are not subject to revision
_
Menge
Quantity
Benennung/Designation
SMC100A SIGNAL GENERATOR
SMC100A SIGNAL GENERATOR
SMC100A
Datum/
Date
2008-07-18
Abt. /
Dept.
1GPK
Sprach./Lang
Ä.I. / C.I
de en
06.00
Blatt/Sheet
2 of 2
Dokument Nr. / Document No.
Name /
Name
BU
1411.4002.01 ST
R&S SMC100A
Mechanical Drawings
1411.4060.82
5.9
E-1
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