EC9830 Operation Manual

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EC9830 Operation Manual | Manualzz
A & B Series
Carbon Dioxide
Analyser
User Manual
Revision: D
www.ecotech.com
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
98307600 Rev. D
EC 9830
Quick Start Guide.
Step 1 – Installation:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect analyzer for damage before turning on.
Select an appropriate location.
Connect Gas lines.
Connect Analog Output Cables.
Connect RS232 Cables.
Check the mains power selection switch (115 or 230 VAC).
Connect AC Mains Power.
Service Manual:- 1.1.
Operation Manual:- 2.1.1.
Operation Manual:- 2.1.2.2.
Operation Manual:- 2.1.2.1.
Operation Manual:- 4.2.1.
Operation Manual:- 2.2.
Operation Manual:- 2.2.
Step 2 – Start-up:
•
•
•
•
•
Set Service Switches.
Service Manual:- 1.1.2.
Turn On power.
Operation Manual:- 2.2.
The Display should read “9830 CO Analyzer”.
Adjust the Display Contrast if required.
Operation Manual:- 2.2.1.
Verify that the software is running by observing the Ecotech Globe rotating in the bottom left
hand corner of the display.
Step 3. – Operation:
•
•
•
•
•
Verify Instrument warm up and operation mode.
Set the correct time and date.
If using RS232, configure the Interface menu.
Check SYSTEM FAULTS menu. All PASS.
Verify other menu settings.
Service Manual:- 2.2.
Operation Manual:- 2.3.3.
Operation Manual:- 2.5.12.
Operation Manual:- 2.5.21.
Service Manual:- 4.2.
Step 4. – Calibration:
•
•
•
•
•
Perform a quick (single point) calibration.
Setup and Calibrate the Analog Outputs (if applicable).
If necessary, perform a leak check.
If necessary, perform a flow calibration.
If necessary, perform a Multipoint calibration.
Operation Manual:- 2.4.
Operation Manual:- 2.6.3.
Service Manual:- 3.3.10.
Service Manual:- 3.5
Operation Manual:- 3.2.
Step 5. – Data Validation:
•
•
Verify the results from your data acquisition system agree with the readings of the EC9830
CO analyzer.
Verify that the analyzer responds to automatic calibration sequences.
The analyzer is now operating correctly.
FRONT MATTER
Table of Contents
MANUAL HISTORY ....................................................................................................................................................1
NOTICE ......................................................................................................................................................................2
MARK DECLARATION .........................................................................................................................................3
INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED SYMBOLS USED ON ECOTECH EQUIPMENT ............................................................4
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................................................5
FACTORY SERVICE.....................................................................................................................................................6
CLAIMS FOR DAMAGED SHIPMENTS AND SHIPPING DISCREPANCIES .........................................................................7
SERVICE AND SPARE PARTS .......................................................................................................................................8
1. 0 DESCRIPTION ................................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1 SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.1 Range ...................................................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.2 Noise (RMS) ............................................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.1.3 Lower Detectable Limit........................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.4 Zero Drift ................................................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.1.5 Span Drift................................................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.1.6 Lag Time ................................................................................................................................................. 1-3
1.1.7 Rise/Fall Time, 95% of Final Value........................................................................................................ 1-3
1.1.8 Linearity Error........................................................................................................................................ 1-3
1.1.9 Precision ................................................................................................................................................. 1-3
1.1.10 Sample Flow Rate ................................................................................................................................. 1-3
1.1.11 Sample Pressure Dependence............................................................................................................... 1-3
1.1.12 Temperature Range............................................................................................................................... 1-3
1.1.13 Power .................................................................................................................................................... 1-3
1.1.14 Weight ................................................................................................................................................... 1-3
1.1.15 Analog Output....................................................................................................................................... 1-3
1.1.16 Digital Output ....................................................................................................................................... 1-4
1.2 U.S. EPA REFERENCE METHOD....................................................................................................................... 1-4
2. 0 INSTALLATION AND OPERATION........................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION........................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.1 Selecting a Location................................................................................................................................ 2-1
2.1.2 Connections............................................................................................................................................. 2-2
2.2 AC POWER CONNECTION ................................................................................................................................. 2-7
2.2.1 Display Adjustments................................................................................................................................ 2-8
2.2.2 Warmup................................................................................................................................................... 2-9
2.3 OPERATION .................................................................................................................................................... 2-10
2.3.1 General Operation Information ............................................................................................................ 2-10
2.3.2 Using the Menu and Making Entries .................................................................................................... 2-11
2.3.3 Setting the Date and Time..................................................................................................................... 2-12
2.4 ANALYZER CALIBRATION .............................................................................................................................. 2-13
2.4.1 Precision Checks................................................................................................................................... 2-13
2.4.2 Automatic .............................................................................................................................................. 2-13
2.4.3 Manual .................................................................................................................................................. 2-13
2.4.4 Analyzer Calibration Instructions......................................................................................................... 2-14
2.5 MENUS AND SCREENS .................................................................................................................................... 2-15
2.5.1 Primary Screen ..................................................................................................................................... 2-16
2.5.2 Main Menu ............................................................................................................................................ 2-17
2.5.3 Instrument Menu ................................................................................................................................... 2-17
2.5.4 Measurement Menu............................................................................................................................... 2-19
2.5.5 Calibration Menu.................................................................................................................................. 2-20
2.5.6 Test Menu.............................................................................................................................................. 2-24
2.5.7 Output Test Menu.................................................................................................................................. 2-25
98307600 Rev D
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.5.8 Preprocessor Pots Screen ..................................................................................................................... 2-25
2.5.9 Flow Control Pots Screen (A series only)............................................................................................. 2-26
2.5.10 Valve Test Menu.................................................................................................................................. 2-27
2.5.11 Diagnostic Menu................................................................................................................................. 2-29
2.5.12 Calculation factors.............................................................................................................................. 2-30
2.5.13 Interface Menu .................................................................................................................................... 2-30
2.5.14 Analog Output Menu........................................................................................................................... 2-31
2.5.15 Data Logging Menu ............................................................................................................................ 2-33
2.5.16 Network Adaptor Menu....................................................................................................................... 2-34
2.5.17 Trend Select Menu .............................................................................................................................. 2-34
2.5.18 Event Log Screen ................................................................................................................................ 2-35
2.5.19 Instrument Status Screen..................................................................................................................... 2-35
2.5.20 System Temperatures Screen .............................................................................................................. 2-36
2.5.21 System Faults Screen .......................................................................................................................... 2-37
2.6 ANALOG OUTPUT........................................................................................................................................... 2-37
2.6.1 Offset and Live Zero.............................................................................................................................. 2-38
2.6.2 Over Range Adjustment ........................................................................................................................ 2-39
2.6.3 Analog Output Calibration Procedure ................................................................................................. 2-40
2.6.4 Calibration Requirements ..................................................................................................................... 2-41
2.7 PASSWORD PROTECTION ................................................................................................................................ 2-41
2.7.1 Rules of Operation ................................................................................................................................ 2-41
2.7.2 Sample Session...................................................................................................................................... 2-42
3. 0 CALIBRATION ............................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1 OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.1 Analyzer Calibration Instructions........................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2 MULTIPOINT CALIBRATION PROCEDURE.......................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.1 Procedure Using Cylinder Gas Dilution Method ................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.2 Procedure for 5 Point Multipoint Calibration ........................................................................................ 3-8
3.2.3 Procedure Using Multiple Cylinders .................................................................................................... 3-12
3.3 CALIBRATION REQUIREMENTS WHEN OVER-RANGING IS EMPLOYED ........................................................... 3-12
3.4 AUTOMATIC ZERO/SPAN CHECKS (AZS)....................................................................................................... 3-13
3.4.1 U.S. EPA Definitions............................................................................................................................. 3-13
3.4.2 AZS Outline........................................................................................................................................... 3-14
3.4.3 AZS Setup .............................................................................................................................................. 3-16
3.4.4 Description of AZS Process .................................................................................................................. 3-17
3.5 CALIBRATION REFERENCES ........................................................................................................................... 3-18
4. 0 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION ..................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.1 DISCRETE CONTROL ........................................................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1.1 50-Pin I/O Functional Specification ....................................................................................................... 4-1
4.1.2 50-Pin I/O Inputs .................................................................................................................................... 4-4
4.1.3 50-Pin I/O Outputs.................................................................................................................................. 4-4
4.2 SERIAL CONTROL............................................................................................................................................. 4-5
4.2.1 Serial Connections .................................................................................................................................. 4-5
4.2.2 Cable Connections .................................................................................................................................. 4-6
4.3 SERIAL TERMINAL CONTROL ........................................................................................................................... 4-7
4.4 SERIAL COMMAND CONTROL .......................................................................................................................... 4-7
4.4.1 9800 Command Set Format .................................................................................................................... 4-7
4.4.2 Bavarian Network Command Set Format............................................................................................... 4-8
4.4.3 Protocol Definition and Selection......................................................................................................... 4-10
4.4.4 Establishing Communications............................................................................................................... 4-13
4.4.5 Serial Command Set.............................................................................................................................. 4-15
4.5 USB COMMUNICATION .................................................................................................................................. 4-24
4.5.1 Installing the driver on a PC................................................................................................................. 4-24
98307600 Rev D
FRONT MATTER
4.6 EC9800 COMMUNICATOR SOFTWARE ........................................................................................................... 4-26
4.6.1 Data Acquire Mode............................................................................................................................... 4-26
4.6.2 Remote Terminal Mode......................................................................................................................... 4-28
4.6.3 Settings.................................................................................................................................................. 4-30
4.6.4 Keyboard shortcuts ............................................................................................................................... 4-31
4.7 NETWORK INTERFACE (OPTIONAL) ................................................................................................................ 4-32
4.7.1 Current Readings .................................................................................................................................. 4-32
4.7.2 Remote Mode ........................................................................................................................................ 4-33
4.7.3 Download.............................................................................................................................................. 4-34
4.7.4 Firmware Update for the Network Interface ........................................................................................ 4-36
INDEX ..........................................................................................................................................................................1
APPENDIX A...............................................................................................................................................................2
DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................................................................................2
APPENDIX B...............................................................................................................................................................8
98307600 Rev D
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
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98307600 Rev D
FRONT MATTER
Manual History
This manual is the combination of two previous versions which have now been
merged into one document to cater for the continuing development of the EC9800
series analyzers. The original manuals were:
•
ML9830 Operation Manual , PN: 98300068, Rev. R, September 1998.
•
ML9830B Operation Manual , PN: 98307005, Rev. K, December 1999.
The scope of this new manual covers the following analyzers:
•
EC9830 Carbon Monoxide Analyzer, (A-Series), PN: 98301000-100.
•
EC9830B Carbon Monoxide, (B-Series), PN: 98307000-1.
Both of the instruments are Manufactured by Ecotech P/L in Australia and
support the new (SMD) Microprocessor Board (Part number 98000063-4). This
manual is current for firmware version 1.34 and above.
Ecotech Manual ID:
Manual PN:
Current Revision:
Date Released:
Description:
MAN 0007
98307600.
D.
April 2007.
EC9830 Carbon Monoxide Analyzer, Operation Manual, A & B Series.
Revision History
Rev
Date
Summary
Affected Pages
A
Jan 2004
New Release for new Microprocessor Board. A & B
series Combined. Based on original manuals.
All
B
Feb 2004
Changes to menu options and structure.
All
C
June 2005
Changed to updated EC manual
All
C-1
November
2005
Calculation factors menu added
2-29
Updated c-tick and CE information
3
April 2007
Updated specifications, language and links within
pdf manual created.
All
D
NOTE: The photograph on the binder of this manual is of the south coast of Australia during Bushfires in 2003. The
photograph is courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center. Photo
Reference: ISS006-E-19897.
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Notice
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice and
does not represent a commitment on the part of the Ecotech Pty Ltd. Ecotech
reserves the right to make changes in construction, design, specifications, and/or
procedures that may not be reflected in this manual.
Copyright © 2007. All rights reserved. Reproduction in any form is prohibited
without the written consent of Ecotech Pty Ltd.
This manual is furnished on the express condition that the information herein will
not be used for second source procurement, or purposes directly or indirectly
detrimental to the interests of Ecotech.
2
98307600 Rev D
FRONT MATTER
MARK DECLARATION
Declaration of Conformity
Carbon Monoxide Analyzer
Scope of Declaration
This declaration applies to Carbon Monoxide Analyzers as manufactured by Ecotech Pty Ltd,
and which may be sold in the following configurations:
Part Number
98301000-100
98307000-1
98307000-T
98321000-100
Description
Carbon Monoxide Analyzer
Carbon Monoxide Analyzer, B Series
Carbon Monoxide analyzer Trace
Carbon Monoxide Analyzer, High level
Ecotech certifies that this product operates in compliance with the following standards:
Conformity to directive 89/336/EEC is declared under the following standards:
EN 61326-1 Electrical Equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use – EMC
Requirements Edition 1.1 with amendment 1 plus amendment 2.
ˆ
Immunity Requirements EN61326-1
IEC-61000-4-11
Voltage Interupts
IEC-61000-4-11
Voltage Dips
IEC-61000-4-3
Radiated RF electromagnetic field immunity test
IEC-61000-4-4
Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test
IEC-61000-4-5
Surge immunity test
IEC-61000-4-6
Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by
radio frequency fields
ˆ
Electromagnetic compatibility EN61326-1
Annex A CISPR 22 and CISPR 16-2
CISPR 16-1 and CISPR 16-2
EN 61010-1 Safety requirements for electrical equipment, control and laboratory use
ˆ
Section 19 of EN 60204-1
Insulation Resistance Check
Residual Voltage Check
Earth Continuity
The equipment must be operated as per the directions given by Ecotech P/L in this manual.
98307600 Rev D
3
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Internationally Recognized Symbols Used on Ecotech Equipment
4
IEC 60417, No. 5016
Electrical fuse
IEC 60417, No. 5017
Earth (ground) terminal
IEC 60417, No. 5021
Equipotentiality
IEC 60417, No. 5032
Alternating current
IEC 60417, No. 5041
Caution, hot surface
ISO 7000-0434
Caution, refer to
accompanying documents
ISO 3864, No. B.3.6
Caution, risk of electric shock
98307600 Rev D
FRONT MATTER
Safety Requirements
‰
To reduce risk of personal injury caused by electrical shock, follow all safety
notices and warnings in this documentation.
‰
This equipment should always be used with a protective earth installed.
‰
The EC9830 is compliant with the requirements of EN61010-1 A2:1995,
Safety Requirements for Equipment for Measurement, Control, and
Laboratory Use.
‰
If the equipment is used for purposes not specified by the manufacturer, the
protection provided by this equipment may be impaired.
‰
Replacement of any part should only be carried out by qualified personnel,
only using parts specified by the manufacturer. Always disconnect power
source before removing or replacing any components.
‰
Surfaces marked with a “Caution, Hot Surface” (see internationally
recognised symbols on page 4) sticker may get hot and deliver burns.
Measure the temperature on the surface before making any contact with it.
Equipment Rating
‰
100-120/220-240V~ ±10%
‰
50/60 Hz
‰
250 VA max
‰
5/3.15A T 250V
‰
All wiring must be in accordance with local norms and be carried out by
experienced personnel.
Environmental Conditions
RELATIVE HUMIDITY
10% to 80%
Temperature
5 to 40 degrees C
Pollution degree
2
Installation category
II
Maximum altitude
2000m.
Instruments suitable for use in a sheltered environment only.
Never operate this equipment in the presence of flammable liquids or vapors, as
this could cause a safety hazard.
98307600 Rev D
5
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Factory Service
We strive to provide efficient and expedient service when an instrument or component is
returned for repair. Your assistance can help us to better provide the service you need.
To ensure that we process your factory repairs and returned goods efficiently and
expeditiously, we need your help. Before you ship any equipment to our factory, please
call our Service Response Centre at (+61) 1300 364 946. This enables us to complete the
necessary paperwork and process your equipment correctly when it reaches our facility.
When you call, please be prepared to provide the following information:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Your name and telephone number
Your company name with shipping address
The number of items being returned
The part number of each item
The model number or a description of each item
The serial number of each item, if applicable
A description of the problem you are experiencing if factory repair is needed, or the
reason you are returning the equipment (eg, sales return, warranty return, etc)
8. The original sales order number or invoice number related to the equipment
9. Whether repair work is under warranty or is to be billed, and a purchase order number
for any work to be billed.
When you call in, our Customer Service Representative will assign a Return Material
Authorization (RMA) number to your shipment and initiate the necessary paperwork to
process your equipment as soon as it reaches us. Please include this RMA number when
you return equipment, preferably both inside and outside the shipping container. This will
ensure that your equipment receives the most prompt attention possible. If the RMA
number is not marked on the outside of the shipping container, the shipment will be
rejected when it reaches our facility, and returned at your expense.
Your assistance in this matter will enable us to serve you better. We appreciate your
cooperation and support of our products and services.
6
98307600 Rev D
FRONT MATTER
Claims for Damaged Shipments and Shipping Discrepancies
Damaged Shipment
1.
Inspect all instruments thoroughly on receipt. Check material in the container(s) against the
enclosed packing list. If the contents are damaged and/or the instrument fails to operate
properly, notify the carrier and Ecotech immediately.
2.
The following documents are necessary to support claims:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Original freight bill and bill of lading
Original invoice or photocopy of original invoice
Copy of packing list
Photographs of damaged equipment and container
You may want to keep a copy of these documents for your records also.
Refer to the instrument name, model number, serial number, sales order number, and your
purchase order number on all claims. Upon receipt of a claim, we will advise you of the
disposition of your equipment for repair or replacement.
Shipping Discrepancies
Check all containers against the packing list immediately on receipt. If a shortage or
other discrepancy is found, notify the carrier and Ecotech immediately. We will not be
responsible for shortages against the packing list unless they are reported promptly.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Service and Spare Parts
For world wide customer service & spare parts contact ECOTECH:
Address:
Ecotech Pty Ltd
1492 Ferntree Gully Rd
Knoxfield
Australia. VIC 3180
Phone:
Fax:
+61 1300 364 946
+61 1300 668 763
Email - Service:
Email - Spare Parts:
[email protected]
[email protected]
Web:
www.ecotech.com.au
Our Service Response Centre handles product information, application assistance,
factory repair, training, service, maintenance agreements, and technical assistance.
8
98307600 Rev D
FRONT MATTER
WARNING
Avoid smoking in the vicinity of the analyzer. Due to the complex chemical
makeup of tobacco smoke, smoke drawn into the sample line may result in
incorrect readings. Furthermore, tobacco smoke has been shown to
contaminate converter and scrubber materials critical to the accuracy and
stability of the analyzer.
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
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10
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 1, DESCRIPTION
1.0 Description
The EC9830 carbon monoxide (CO) analyzer is a nondispersive infrared
photometer that accurately and reliably measures low concentrations of CO, using
gas filter correlation and state-of-the-art optical and electronic technology.
The EC9830 analyzer generates infrared radiation (IR) that is absorbed by the CO
within the 5-meter folded pathlength. The gas filter correlation wheel facilitates
rejection of interferents and the narrow band-pass filter ensures measuring only
the CO-sensitive IR wavelengths. The CO content of the sample is continuously
measured from a user-supplied air stream of which the instrument extracts 1 slpm
(standard liter per minute) of sample.
The EC9830 has a built-in catalytic zero air scrubber which provides CO-free air
to the analyzer. The microprocessor automatically resets the zero reading after the
analyzer has sampled air through the converter.
In addition to temperature and pressure compensation, the EC9830 analyzer can
readjust its span ratio based on a known concentration of gas used to span the
analyzer. This feature is not automatically implemented and must be selected by
the operator.
Analog and digital outputs are available for data monitoring. The operator can
select analog output as either current or voltage output. Current ranges are 0-20,
2-20, and 4-20 mA. Voltage outputs include 0-10, 0-5, 0-1, and 0-0.1 volts
(50-pin I/O board optional in EC9830 B series)
Data collection and recording is available to either a data acquisition system (such
as a datalogger) or strip-chart recorder. A convenient DB50 connector is also
included for digital input control and digital output status. The EC9830 also
features internal data storage capabilities.
The instrument also includes an over-range feature that, when enabled,
automatically switches to a preselected higher range if the reading exceeds 90%
of the nominal range. When the reading returns to 80% of the nominal range, the
analyzer automatically returns to that range.
The EC9830 carbon monoxide analyzer is designated as a reference method by
the U.S. EPA. The operational parameters that apply when using the instrument as
a designated reference method are included in section 1.2 below.
98307600 Rev D
1-1
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
1.1 Specifications
Note
All specifications are referenced to STP (standard
temperature and pressure).
1.1.1 Range
ˆ
Display: Autoranging 0 to 200 ppm. Resolution = 1 ppt (selectable units and
decimal places).
ˆ
Analog output: 0-full scale from 0-1 ppm to 0-200 ppm with 0%, 5%, 10%
offset.
ˆ
Autoranging between 2 user-specified full scale values.
ˆ
U.S. EPA designated range: Any full scale range between 0-5.0 ppm and
0-100 ppm.
1.1.2 Noise (RMS)
ˆ
Measurement process: 0.025 ppm or 0.1% of concentration reading,
whichever is greater, with Kalman filter active.
ˆ
Analog output: 0.025 ppm or 0.1% of analog output full scale, whichever is
greater.
1.1.3 Lower Detectable Limit
ˆ
Measurement process: Less than 0.05 ppm or 0.2% of concentration reading,
whichever is greater, with Kalman filter active.
ˆ
Analog output: 0.05 ppm or 0.2% of analog output full scale, whichever is
greater.
1.1.4 Zero Drift
ˆ
Temperature dependent, 0.01 ppm per °C.
ˆ
Time dependent, at fixed temperature:
r
24 hours: Less than 0.1 ppm
r
30 days: Less than 0.1 ppm
1.1.5 Span Drift
1-2
ˆ
Temperature dependent, 0.05% per °C.
ˆ
Time dependent, at fixed temperature:
r
24 hours: 0.5% of reading.
r
30 days: 0.5% of reading.
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 1, DESCRIPTION
1.1.6 Lag Time
Less than 20 seconds.
1.1.7 Rise/Fall Time, 95% of Final Value
Less than 40 seconds (1 slpm flow) with Kalman filter active.
1.1.8 Linearity Error
±1% of full scale (0 to 50 ppm); ±2% of full scale (0 to 200 ppm), from best
straight-line fit.
1.1.9 Precision
0.1 ppm or 1% of reading, whichever is greater.
1.1.10 Sample Flow Rate
1 slpm.
1.1.11 Sample Pressure Dependence
A 5% change in pressure produces less than 1% change in reading.
1.1.12 Temperature Range
ˆ
5° to 40° C (41° to 104° F).
ˆ
U.S. EPA designated range: 15° to 35° C.
ˆ
Eignungsgeprüft range: 5° to 40° C.
1.1.13 Power
ˆ
99 to 132 VAC; 198 to 264 VAC; 47 to 63 Hz.
ˆ
U.S. EPA designated range: 105 to 125 VAC, 60 Hz, or 200 to 240 VAC, 50
Hz.
1.1.14 Weight
20.9 kg (46 lb).
1.1.15 Analog Output
98307600 Rev D
ˆ
Menu selectable current output of 0-20, 2-20, and 4-20 mA.
ˆ
The 9830B requires an optional 50 I/O board to give voltage output. Jumper
selectable voltage output of 100 mv, 1 volt, 5 volts, and 10 volts, with menu
selectable zero offset of 0%, 5%, or 10%.
1-3
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
1.1.16 Digital Output
ˆ
Multidrop RS232 port shared between analyzers for data, status, and control.
ˆ
Service RS232 port gives front panel access to a local or remote user.
ˆ
USB port connection on the rear panel provides data transfer and control.
ˆ
DB50 with discrete status, user control and analog output.
1.2 U.S. EPA Reference Method
The EC9830 carbon monoxide analyzer is designated under U.S. EPA regulations
as reference method RFCA-0992-088. Use of the EC9830 under U.S. EPA
designation as a reference method, as defined in 40 CFR Part 53, requires
operation under the following conditions:
ˆ
Range: Any full scale range from 0-5.0 ppm to 0-100 ppm.
ˆ
Ambient temperature: 15° to 35° C.
ˆ
Line voltage: 105 to 125 VAC, 60 Hz, or 200 to 240 VAC, 50 Hz.
ˆ
Flow rate: 1 slpm.
ˆ
Pump: Internal Pump (A Series), Ecotech external pump or equivalent (B
Series) (see section 2.1.2.3).
ˆ
Filter: A 5 micron PTFE filter must be installed in front of the sample inlet
(Zero and Span gas must pass through this filter).
ˆ
If the units in the MEASUREMENT MENU are changed from volumetric to
gravimetric (or gravimetric to volumetric), the analyzer must be re calibrated.
ˆ
The analyzer must be operated and maintained in accordance with this
operation manual.
ˆ
The following menu selections must be used:
INTERFACE MENU
ANALOG OUTPUT MENU
RANGE: 5 PPM to 100 PPM
OVER-RANGING: ENABLED or DISABLED
INSTRUMENT MENU
MEASUREMENT MENU
FILTER TYPE: KALMAN
CALIBRATION MENU
CALIBRATION: MANUAL or TIMED
SPAN COMP: DISABLED
BACKGROUND: not DISABLED
1-4
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 1, DESCRIPTION
TEST MENU
PRES/TEMP/FLOW COMP: ON
DIAGNOSTIC MODE: OPERATE
ˆ
Set the Service switch to IN.
The EC9830 B series is U.S. EPA equivalent only when fitted with the following
options/items:
98307600 Rev D
ˆ
Valve assembly for external zero span (EZS)
ˆ
Rack mount assembly
ˆ
50-pin connector board (Standard in A series)
ˆ
High pressure span valve option
1-5
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
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98307600 Rev D
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2.0 Installation and Operation
2.1 Mechanical Installation
Note
Before installation, the unit should be checked to
ensure that the instrument arrived undamaged. The
EC9830 Service Manual contains initial installation
inspection instructions.
2.1.1 Selecting a Location
Select a location for the analyzer where temperature variation, dust, and moisture
are minimal. The location should be well ventilated and should allow convenient
access to the operator controls and front panel display.
2.1.1.1 Rack Mount or Enclosed Location
The analyzer is supplied as a bench-top version with rubber feet or with the
chassis slides to convert it to a rack-mount version. The optional rack-mount
version is 24 inches deep and fits into a 19 inch (48.3 cm) RETMA
instrumentation rack. The front panel will protrude slightly. Refer to the
instructions provided with the rack-mount kit for assembly into a rack.
Caution
The rack-mount version requires a properly
ventilated rack enclosure. The temperature
inside enclosures that are not properly ventilated
may rise as much as 15° C above the ambient air
temperature in the control room. The actual
rack temperature can rise above the specified
limits and cause the analyzer to operate outside
of specifications. Optimum operation is obtained
at an operating temperature of 20° to 30° C
inside the rack enclosure. The analyzer can
operate in a range of 5° to 40° C without risk of
damage. For ventilation calculations, use a heat
dissipation rating of 150 watts or 512 Btu per
hour.
After the analyzer has been mounted, make the pneumatic and electrical
connections.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.1.2 Connections
All pneumatic connections must be secure to ensure accurate operation of the
analyzer. The following information describes connection techniques for
pneumatic and electrical connections. Figure 2-1 shows the rear panel of the
analyzer with associated connections. Notice the Network connection is optional
RS 232
USB
NETWORK
(Optional)
Figure 2-1. Analyzer Rear Panel
2.1.2.1 Recorder and DAS Connections
CAUTION:
The EC9830 electrical ground is isolated from
earth ground. To avoid possible ground loops, all
electrical devices connected to the analyzer
should have floating inputs (not connected to
earth ground).
2.1.2.1.1 The 50-Pin I/O PCA
The 50-pin I/O connector board plugs into the discrete I/O connector, and
provides voltage and current outputs to drive a strip chart recorder (REC) and a
data acquisition system (DAS). The outputs are illustrated in Figure 2-2.
The 50-pin I/O PCA is optional for the EC9830 B series analyzer.
2-2
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Figure 2-2. 50-Pin Connector Board (Front)
The output is jumper-selectable as:
98307600 Rev D
ˆ
Current (see Figure 2-3). Range is set using the menu in a later step.
ˆ
Voltage, with selectable ranges of 0 to 0.1 V, 0 to 1 V, 0 to 5 V, and 0 to
10 V. See Figure 2-3.
2-3
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Figure 2-3. 50-Pin Connector Board with Sample Choices (Rear)
Select the output for your application using the following steps.
1.
Remove the 50-pin connector board from the rear panel of the analyzer.
2.
Place the jumpers on the pins that correspond to the desired printed selections
on the front of the board. If current is selected, only the jumpers selecting
current make contact with both rows of pins. The other jumpers are offset as
shown in Figure 2-3.
If a current output is selected, the range must also be chosen from the
menu when the instrument is operating. The compliance voltage for the
current output is 12 V. A terminating resistor of 600 ohms or less should
be used for measurement errors no greater than 1%.
If voltage output is selected, both the REC and DAS outputs are factory-set
for 10 volts full scale. Other full scale outputs of 5 V, 1 V, and 0.1 V can
be selected. Select the full scale output for REC and DAS. When using
voltage output, the source resistance for both REC and DAS outputs is
1000 ohms. The recorder and DAS input resistance should be greater than
500K ohms for a measurement error no greater than 1%.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3.
Connect the recorder or DAS wires to the appropriate terminal block. The
wire positions are:
OUT = positive or signal
COM = ground or low
SHLD = shielded cable.
Caution
To prevent ground loop problems, connect the
shield of the cable at the analyzer only, not at the
recorder or DAS.
For additional information regarding output, see section2.6.
2.1.2.1.2 Current Output Connections
When using the EC9830 without the 50-pin I/O PCA, the analyzer still provides
current outputs to drive a strip chart recorder or DAS. These outputs are present
on the discrete I/O connector at the following pins:
Function
Pin (Discrete I/O Connector)
Current Out (+)
15
DGND (Gnd)
1,12,14, or 16
If a current output is connected the range must also be chosen from the menu
when the instrument is operating. The compliance voltage for the current output is
12 V. A terminating resistor of 600 ohms or less should be used for measurement
errors no greater than 1%.
2.1.2.1.3 Voltage Output Connections
The current output mentioned above can be converted to a voltage output by
adding a terminating resistor across the output. This resistor must be 50 ohms per
full scale voltage desired (50 ohms = 1 V full scale; 500 ohms = 10 v full scale,
etc). Following is a list of typical output ranges and required terminating
resistance:
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Desired Output (Volts)
Terminating Resistance (Ohms)
10 Volts
500 Ohms
5 Volts
250 Ohms
1 Volt
50 Ohms
0.1 Volt
5 Ohms
When using voltage output, the source resistance is 1000 ohms. The recorder or
DAS input resistance should be greater than 500K ohms for a measurement error
no greater than 1%.
2.1.2.2 Sample Gas Connections
Caution
Sample connections to the EC9830 should be
maintained at ambient pressure, with any excess
flow vented to the atmosphere.
The EC9830 requires at least 1.50 slpm (1.0 slpm sample plus 50% overflow) of
particulate-filtered (<5 micron), dry (noncondensing) sample furnished at all
times. A 5 micron inlet filter is necessary to meet USEPA requirements which is
already installed in the A series analyzer.
Tubing used for sample gas and exhaust connections must be ¼ inch OD and
1/8 to 3/16 inch ID. The recommended ID is 5/32 inch. A segment of clean
Teflon® tubing should be purchased to connect the sample source to the sample
inlet. Only use lines and fittings made of stainless steel, Teflon, Kynar®, or glass.
Instructions for Kynar fittings:
2-6
ˆ
Cut the tubing squarely and remove any burrs.
ˆ
Insert the tubing through the back of the nut until it reaches the tube stop in
the fitting.
ˆ
Tighten the nut finger-tight plus 1-1/2 to 2 turns. A squeaking sound when
tightening the nut is normal.
ˆ
All nuts should be re-tightened when the system reaches operating
temperature.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2.1.2.3 Exhaust Connections
2.1.2.3.1 A Series
When making exhaust connections, locate the exhaust outlet away from the
sample inlet and occupied enclosed areas. Connect a 1/4" OD line from the
exhaust port to an exhaust manifold that vents outside of occupied areas. Lines
and fittings of materials other than those cited above can be used for these
connections.
2.1.2.3.2 B Series
Connect the exhaust port of the analyzer to a vacuum pump capable of 1 slpm at
15” Hg (50 kPa) vacuum (minimum capacity). The exhaust of the pump should be
connected to a manifold to vent the exhaust gas away from occupied areas.
An optional exhaust pump is available from Ecotech.
Caution
Flow in the EC9830B is calculated assuming
critical pressure across an orifice, thus the
exhaust vacuum must be maintained at less than
½ atmosphere (approximately 15” Hg or 50 kPa
at sea level) to keep the orifice critical. It is
recommended that the user install a vacuum
gauge on the exhaust line and periodically check
that sufficient vacuum is being maintained. If
pump performance deteriorates below this level,
flow indications from the analyzer will no longer
be valid.
2.2 AC Power Connection
Verify that the power selection switch on the rear panel and the power cord and
fuse are appropriate for your use. Move the switch right or left so the appropriate
voltage rating is visible on the switch. Figure 2-1 shows the voltage selection
switch.
Warning
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Power is supplied to the analyzer through a
three-pin power plug. The ground must not be
defeated and an adequate ground must be
connected to the instrument, both for proper
performance and for the safety of operating
personnel. The warranty on the analyzer applies
only if the analyzer is properly grounded. If it is
not properly grounded and electric power is
applied in violation of the National Electric
Code, ECOTECH assumes no responsibility for
any injury to personnel or damage to property.
Warning
Be sure to check that the mains power selection
switch is at the correct setting before turning the
instrument on. Failure to do so may result in
damage to the power supply.
Connect the power plug to the power receptacle and press the power switch to the
ON position on the rear panel. Also make sure that the DC POWER switch on the
front secondary panel is switched to ON.
2.2.1 Display Adjustments
Adjust the display contrast and backlight intensity by simultaneously pressing two
keys on the front panel (see Figure 2-4):
ˆ
ˆ
2-8
Figure 2-4. Analyzer Front Panel
Contrast
Up arrow (¿) and <Select> for darker contrast, Down arrow (À) and
<Select> for lighter contrast.
Backlight
The backlight brightness is fixed to maximum and cannot be adjusted.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Hold the key combinations until the desired contrast appears on the display.
Note
Pressing the Up or Down arrow key without
simultaneously pressing the <Select> key when the
main screen is displayed causes the screen query,
START MANUAL CALIBRATION? If this happens
while adjusting the display, press the <Exit> key.
Note
The display is sensitive to the ambient air
temperature and analyzer temperature. The
appearance of the display will vary with changes in
these conditions.
2.2.2 Warmup
When the instrument is initially powered up, several components in the
instrument are automatically configured by the microprocessor and an automatic
zero is run. This process takes about 30 minutes. During the startup period,
several messages are displayed on the initial screen. These indicate the
progression toward normal operation.
Initial Screen Message
REFERENCE TEST
Instrument Activity
Test Reference pot adjusted to check functionality of
preprocessor reference circuit.
ZERO TEST
Test Measure pot adjusted to check functionality of
preprocessor measure circuit.
REFERENCE ADJUST
Reference pot adjusted to achieve reference voltage of 4.0
±0.1 volts.
AUTO ZERO ADJUST /
ELECTRONIC ZERO ADJUST
Coarse and fine zero of measurement channel with zero air
flowing.
BACKGROUND FILL
Cell filling with zero air.
BACKGROUND MEASURE
Zero reading from measurement cell. Final determination of
system zero.
SAMPLE FILL
Cell filling with sample air.
SAMPLE MEASURE
Instrument operational (must be calibrated if this is the first
power-up sequence).
Approximately one hour later, the background portion of this cycle is repeated.
This time the cycle takes only 5 minutes. A third cycle is performed
approximately two hours after startup from cold condition. These repeat
adjustments ensure the instrument is at equilibrium and correctly zeroed.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
After the first three cycles, the instrument repeats the background cycle daily at
midnight (unless BACKGROUND is set to DISABLED), or whenever a temperature
excursion of 4° C (7° F) occurs. This auto-zero eliminates the effect of zero drift
on measuring accuracy. The zero can be validated through manual check.
Note
The EC9830 will re-run the above startup routine
whenever power has been lost for more than two
minutes. If power is lost for less than two minutes,
the analyzer will return to its previous settings
without the startup routine.
2.3 Operation
The operation section describes the actions necessary to operate the instrument,
first in general, and then in specific terms. In section 2.5, the menu headers are
shown as they appear on the display screen. The illustration is followed by
explanatory information regarding the menu entries or choices. The entire menu
tree is shown in Figure 2-6.
2.3.1 General Operation Information
All operator responses needed to operate the EC9830 are performed by pressing
the 6 keys available on the front panel to the right of the display screen. The key
functions are described below.
Figure 2-5. Analyzer Keyboard
The key functions are listed below:
2-10
ˆ
Up arrow key (¿)
Moves the cursor to the previous menu item or, in an input field, moves the
cursor to the next choice or increments the digit in a numerical field.
ˆ
Down arrow key (À)
Moves the cursor to the next menu item or, in an input field, moves the
cursor to the next choice or decrements the digit in a numerical field.
ˆ
<Select>
Selects the menu choice or selects the field for input.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
ˆ
<Pg Up>
Moves the cursor to the previous page or screen.
ˆ
<Exit>
Leaves a field without making a change or returns the cursor to the main
screen.
ˆ
<Enter> (↵)
Confirms a menu item or a field selection to the microprocessor.
2.3.2 Using the Menu and Making Entries
The EC9830 analyzer is programmed with a series of menus that allows the
operator to view parameters, such as those generated by the microprocessor, or to
enter digital parameters, when appropriate, or to select from among the choices
displayed.
The cursor is displayed as a moveable highlighted area of text. (Letters appear as
the opposite of the rest of the text on the screen.)
2.3.2.1 Screen Fields
Screen fields that allow input are of two types:
ˆ
Choice fields
Contain a fixed series of choices in a wraparound scrolling format.
ˆ
Digit fields
Fields of programmable digital parameters in either wraparound scrolling or
non-wraparound scrolling format.
To select from among the choices in a choice field, first press the <Select> key to
designate the field, then use the Up and Down arrow keys to highlight the desired
selection. When the desired selection is displayed, press the <Enter> key to
confirm the entry.
To set digits in a digit field, first press the <Select> key to designate the field and
to highlight the different digits in the field. When the cursor indicates the digit
you wish to change, press the Up or Down arrow key until the desired digit
appears. Go to the next digit by pressing <Select>. When all digits of an entry are
correct, press the <Enter> key to confirm the entry.
Caution
The <Select> key does not confirm an entry. You
must press the <Enter> key.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.3.2.2 Microprocessor-Generated Information
Some fields, such as those on the INSTRUMENT STATUS and the SYSTEM
TEMPERATURES screens, contain information generated by the microprocessor.
The operator cannot affect the readings in these fields. (If you find that the cursor
will not enter a field, the field contains microprocessor-generated information.)
2.3.2.3 Exiting Without Making a Change
If you decide not to make a change during this process, simply press the <Exit>
key, and the values will return to the previous entries.
2.3.3 Setting the Date and Time
Before the instrument can be calibrated or collect data for regulatory use, the time
and date must be set. Go to the INSTRUMENT MENU and select DATE and TIME. If
they are not already set, use a 24-hour clock setting for the time and set the date in
the day- month-year format. The instrument automatically runs an auto-zero cycle
at midnight (unless BACKGROUND is set to DISABLED) each day according to these
settings. See section 2.5 for instructions on programming menu entries.
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2.4 Analyzer Calibration
When the EC9830 analyzer is powered on for the first time, the analyzer must be
calibrated to ensure accurate CO measurements. The analyzer does not require recalibration after further power interruptions or resets. However if the instrument
is transported to a new location, or maintenance work is performed, the
instrument may require re-calibration. To determine weather the instrument
requires a calibration, a precision check can be performed as discussed in the
following sections.
2.4.1 Precision Checks
A precision check is a Level 2 calibration as discussed in section 3.4. This means
that the instrument is only checked against a know calibration source and is not
adjusted. A precision check can be performed either manually or automatically.
2.4.2 Automatic
Most modern air quality monitoring systems have data acquisition systems which
can automatically initiate and record the results of a daily precision check. The
means by which the analyzer is externally controlled is via the 50 PIN IO
connection, or via the RS232 multidrop connection. Refer to section 4.0 for more
details on interfacing to these ports.
2.4.3 Manual
A manual precision check can be initiated as follows:
98307600 Rev D
1.
Connect a source of span gas to the analyzer through the Auxiliary port. (see
chapter 3 for instructions on preparing calibration gas).
2.
From the CALIBRATION MENU set CALIBRATION to MANUAL and CAL. MODE
to SPAN.
3.
Allow the analyzer to sample the span gas until a stable reading is obtained,
typically 15 minutes.
4.
Verify this stable reading against the know calibration concentration.
5.
Typically if it is within 5%, then a calibration is not required.
6.
If a calibration is required, continue with the following procedure in section
2.4.4. If not, return the CAL. MODE to MEASURE.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.4.4 Analyzer Calibration Instructions
Note
This procedure is a quick guide to single point span
calibration of the EC9830 analyzer. For complete
gas preparation and multipoint calibration
instructions, refer to the multipoint calibration
procedure in Chapter 3.
1. With a stable supply of calibration gas connected to the Auxiliary port of the
analyzer, verify that in the CALIBRATION MENU, CALIBRATION is set to
MANUAL and CAL. MODE to SPAN.
2
From the primary screen start the calibration sequence by pressing either the
Up or Down arrow (¿ or À) until the display prompts START MANUAL
CALIBRATION. Pressing the <Select> key will allow you to choose from: NO,
SPAN or ZERO. Confirm that the display reads SPAN and press <Enter> (↵).
A backlit cursor will be displayed on the CO concentration display.
3
Use the <Select> key to move the position of the backlit cursor, and the Up
and Down arrow keys to increment and decrement the value of the backlit
digit until the span calibration gas concentration value is displayed. When the
desired concentration is displayed, press <Enter>.
4
Then move the backlit cursor to the INSTRUMENT GAIN field. The instrument
gain is automatically calculated by the analyzer. Press <Enter> to confirm
this value. Press <Exit> to return to the primary screen.
5
The concentration on the primary screen should now read the same as the
concentration of the calibration gas.
Note
The auto-zero function of the EC9830 eliminates
the need for a traditional zero calibration.
This completes the span calibration of the EC9830 analyzer.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2.5 Menus and Screens
This section illustrates the various menus and screens for the EC9830 analyzer.
The B series menu structure will be very similar in structure yet will not have
some of the options that are available in the A series (These will be made clear
throughout the relevant sections) A short description of each menu and screen is
also provided. The entire menu structure is shown in Figure 2-6 below.
MEASUREMENT MENU
DATE
TIME
PASSWORD
ERASE MEMORY
MAIN GAS ID
MAIN MENU
INSTRUMENT MENU
CALIBRATION MENU
TEST MENU
INTERFACE MENU
TREND SELECT MENU
EVENT LOG
CALIBRATION:(TIMED)
TIMER INTERVAL
STARTING HOUR
CYCLE TIME
CO TIMED SPAN
CALIBRATION
SPAN COMP
CO SPAN RATIO
BACKGROUND
BACK INTERVAL
CO CAL PRESSURE
OUTPUT TEST MENU
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
CALCULATION FACTORS
MEASUREMENT GAIN
PRES/TEMP/FLOW COMP
DIAGNOSTIC MODE
CONTROL LOOP
TEST MEASURE
CO
ANALOG OUTPUT MENU
DATA LOGGING MENU
MAIN GAS ID
INTERFACE MODE
MULTIDROP BAUD
DATA LENGTH
STOP BITS
PARITY
COMM. PROTOCOL
NETWORK ADAPTOR
INSTRUMENT STATUS
SYSTEM TEMPERATURES
SYSTEM FAULTS
GAS FLOW
GAS PRESSURE
REF. VOLTAGE
CONC. VOLTAGE
ANALOG SUPPLY
DIGITAL SUPPLY
VERSION
CELL TEMPERATURE
SAMPLE GAS FLOW
FLOW BLOCK TEMP
A/D INPUT
12 VOLT SUPPLY
REFERENCE VOLTAGE
CONVERTER TEMP
COOLER & IR SOURCE
CHOPPER WHEEL
MIRROR TEMP.
UNIT SELECTION
CONVERSION TEMP
DECIMAL PLACES
AVERAGE PERIOD
FILTER TYPE
NOISE
ZERO OFFSET
CALIBRATION:(MANUAL)
CAL MODE
CALIBRATION
CTEMP TO BGND
BACKGROUND
BACK INTERVAL
CO CAL PRESSURE
PREPROCESSOR POTS
FLOW CONTROL POTS
VALVE TEST MENU
MULTIDROP PORT TEST
WATCHDOG TEST
DISPLAY TEST
ANALOG OUTPUT TEST
RANGE
OUTPUT TYPE
OFFSET
FULL SCALE
ZERO ADJUST
OVER RANGE
OVER-RANGING
MEASURE COARSE ZERO
MEASURE FINE ZERO
INPUT
TEST REFERENCE
TEST MEASURE
REF. VOLTAGE
CO
CONC.VOLTAGE
FLOW CONTROL ZERO
FAN SPEED CONTROL
PUMP SPEED FINE
PUMP SPEED COARSE
GAS FLOW
GAS PRESSURE
INT. VALVE #1
INT. VALVE #2
INT. VALVE #3
AUX. VALVE #1
EXT. MEASURE
EXT. ZERO GAS
EXT. SPAN GAS
VALVE SEQUENCING
AVERAGE DATA
INST. DATA
TOTAL CAPACITY
ERASE LOGGED DATA
CONCENTRATION
AVG CONCENTRATION
REFERENCE
ZERO OFFSET
SPAN COMPENSATION
SAMPLE FLOW
SAMPLE PRESSURE
CELL TEM.
CONV. TEMP.
CHASSIS TEMP.
FLOW TEMP.
COOLER TEMP.
MIRROR TEMP.
Figure 2-6. Menu Structure
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Note
The values shown in the illustrations are examples
only. Your display can be affected by the settings
you choose.
2.5.1 Primary Screen
GAS CO
X.XX PPM
X.XX AVG
INSTRUMENT GAIN: 0.900
SAMPLE MEASURE
STATUS LINE
12:14
15-DEC-03
MAIN MENU
Figure 2-7. Primary Screen
When power is applied, the screen displays the Ecotech logo for a few seconds. It
then identifies the analyzer and the notation MAIN MENU appears in the lower right
corner. In the lower left hand corner there is the Ecotech Globe rotating,
indicating that the program is running. After the warmup period, the operation
mode is designated at the left of the screen and the current gas measurements for
the analyzer are indicated, as shown in Figure 2-7.
Instrument faults will be reported on the status line which appears one line below
the instrument state display. The following rules apply governing the information
displayed on this line: If there are no failures, the status line is blank. If there is a
single failure, that failure is displayed on the status line (i.e., ZERO FLOW, HEATER
FAULT, etc). The status line will clear when the fault clears. If there are multiple
failures, the failure at the top of the failure list will be displayed on the status line.
When this failure clears, the next failure on the list will be displayed. The entire
list of failures is displayed on the SYSTEM FAULTS screen.
Instrument gain (displayed above the operational mode) indicates the relationship
between the calibration concentration and a measured gas concentration within
the analyzer. It is an essential parameter for the calibration of the analyzer and is
an important requirement for system audits.
When the primary screen is displayed and the cursor is flashing in the words MAIN
MENU, press the <Select> or <Enter> key to enter the MAIN MENU.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2.5.2 Main Menu
MAIN MENU
INSTRUMENT MENU
CALIBRATION MENU
TEST MENU
INTERFACE MENU
TREND SELECT MENU
EVENT LOG
INSTRUMENT STATUS
SYSTEM TEMPERATURES
SYSTEM FAULTS
Figure 2-8. Main Menu
Each of the menus listed in Figure 2-8, except the final four, has one or more
levels of menu items contained within the selection.
The EVENT LOG is created by the microprocessor to indicate deviations in the
operating parameters. This screen can be used to determine the cause of system
problems.
The INSTRUMENT STATUS and SYSTEM TEMPERATURES screens constantly update
readings that apply to the operation of the instrument.
The SYSTEM FAULTS screen provides a pass or fail indication for various
parameters which are continually monitored. These parameters must be within
acceptable operating ranges in order to display PASS.
2.5.3 Instrument Menu
INSTRUMENT MENU
MEASUREMENT MENU
DATE: 15-JUL-93
TIME: 18:57
PASSWORD: UNLOCKED
ERASE MEMORY: NO
MAIN GAS ID:
030
Figure 2-9. Instrument Menu
The items in the INSTRUMENT MENU address instrument settings needed to initiate
operation.
DATE
The date format is day-month-year.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
TIME
Set in 24-hour format. Setting the time resets the seconds (internally) to zero for
synchronization with an external clock.
PASSWORD
See section 2.7 below.
ERASE MEMORY
Memory can be erased in two different ways, either RAM which does not wipe
some settings or SETTINGS which will erase everything and reset all settings to
default. If you do not wish to erase all setting select NO when, the following
message is displayed:
!THIS WILL ERASE SYSTEM GAINS!
!!!ARE YOU SURE: NO
The word NO is highlighted in this warning. Scrolling to YES and pressing
<Enter> will erase the memory in the analyzer.
This feature is provided for service, and for preliminary configuration purposes.
Please do not choose this selection during normal operation.
Caution
If the analyzer memory is erased, all userconfigured parameters will return to their
default values. In addition, all instrument
calibration will be lost, so the analyzer will have
to be fully recalibrated. This feature is provided
for service, and for preliminary configuration
purposes. Please do not choose this selection
during normal operation.
MAIN GAS ID
The ID address of the analyzer when Multidrop RS232 communications is used.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2.5.4 Measurement Menu
MEASUREMENT MENU
UNIT SELECTION
CONVERSION TEMP
DECIMAL PLACES
AVERAGE PERIOD
FILTER TYPE
NOISE
ZERO OFFSET
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
uG/M3
0 DEG C*
3
1 MINUTE
KALMAN
24.234 PPB
0.00 PPB
Figure 2-10. Measurement Menu
The MEASUREMENT MENU consists of three items needed for basic operation and
data integrity.
UNIT SELECTION
PPM (parts per million), mG/M3 (milligrams per cubic meter), nG/M3 (nanograms per
cubic meter), μG/M3 (micrograms per cubic meter), PPT (parts per trillion) or PPB
(parts per billion).
Note
If the gravimetric units are selected (mG/M3, µG/M3 or
nG/M3), then the conversion factors listed
below
will
apply
depending
on
the
CONVERSION TEMP selected.
3
To convert 1 PPB “Gas” to ug/m @
0 °C
20 °C
25 °C
CO
1.250
1.165
1.145
CO2
1.960
1.830
1.800
Multiply by:
Note
If the units in the MEASUREMENT MENU are changed
from volumetric to gravimetric (or gravimetric to
volumetric), the analyzer must be re calibrated in
order to meet U.S. EPA requirements.
CONVERSION TEMP
Sets the temperature that should be used in internal calculations to convert the
concentration from volumetric units into gravimetric units (mG/M3, µG/M3 or
nG/M3) in DEGREES CELCIUS (0, 20, 25). *This menu option is only displayed
when the gravimetric units are selected.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
DECIMAL PLACES
Set the number of decimal places in which the data is displayed on the screen. (0,
1, 2, 3, 4 or 5).
Note
The screen is able to display up to 7 characters of
data including the decimal place for each reading.
AVERAGE PERIOD
Set time in HOURS (1, 4, 8, 12, or 24) or MINUTES (1, 3, 5, 10, 15, or
30). This field is a wraparound field.
FILTER TYPE
Sets the time constant of the digital filter. Choices are NO FILTER, 300
SECONDS, 90 SECONDS, 60 SECONDS, 30 SECONDS, 10 SECONDS or KALMAN
(adaptive).
Note
The Kalman filter is the factory default setting and
must be used when using the instrument as a U.S.
EPA equivalent method. The Kalman filter also gives
the best overall performance for this instrument.
NOISE
The standard deviation of the concentration. The manner in which this is done is
as follows: 1. Take a concentration value once every two minutes; 2. Store 25 of
these samples in a first in, last out buffer; 3. Every two minutes, calculate the
standard deviation of the current 25 samples. This is a microprocessor-generated
field and cannot be set by the operator.
Note
This reading is only valid if zero air or a steady
concentration of span gas has been fed to the
analyzer for at least one hour.
ZERO OFFSET
ZERO calibration correction factor. User can manually set the offset between
± 10.00 PPB.
2.5.5 Calibration Menu
The CALIBRATION MENU contains entries used to choose calibration gases or to
perform automatic zero-span cycles. The choice of TIMED or MANUAL calibration
displays a slightly different screen. TIMED calibration generates a zero/span check
that occurs at a chosen interval without operator intervention. MANUAL calibration
allows for operator-controlled calibration. Only one choice, TIMED or MANUAL,
applies at any given time.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2.5.5.1 Timed Calibration
The following screen appears when CALIBRATION: TIMED is selected.
CALIBRATION MENU
CALIBRATION
TIMER INTERVAL
STARTING HOUR
CYCLE TIME
CO TIMED SPAN
CALIBRATION
SPAN COMP
CO SPAN RATIO
BACKGROUND
BACK. INTERVAL
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
TIMED
24 HOURS
0
15 MINS
10.000 PPM
INTERNAL
ENABLED
1.0000
START
24 HOURS
CO CAL PRESURE
: 760.0 TORR
Figure 2-11. Timed Calibration Menu
CALIBRATION
Designates TIMED or MANUAL calibration control.
TIMER INTERVAL
The number of hours between the zero/span checks.
STARTING HOUR
The hour when the first zero/span check will be performed.
CYCLE TIME
The period (1 to 59 minutes) of the zero & span steps during a timed calibration.
CO TIMED SPAN
Digital setting of the span concentration reading the operator expects the
instrument to read during and AZS cycle. An entry is required only if SPAN COMP
is ENABLED.
CALIBRATION
The choice of INTERNAL or EXTERNAL valves that will operate during a zero/span
check. (The EZS valve option must be installed to use EXTERNAL.)
SPAN COMP
A choice of ENABLED or DISABLED. This function automatically corrects span
readings to the expected value. See Chapter 3 for additional information.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Note
SPAN COMP must be disabled for U.S. EPA
designated use.
CO SPAN RATIO
A microprocessor-generated field that is the value by which the span reading is
multiplied to correct the reading to the calibration value. This value is only
applied if SPAN COMP is ENABLED.
BACKGROUND
A choice of START, DISABLED or ENABLED. If START is selected, then when
<Enter> is pressed the instrument begins an auto-zero (background) cycle. If
DISABLED is selected, then the instrument will not run the normal auto-zero
(background) cycle. If ENABLED is selected, then the instrument will run the
normal auto-zero (background) cycle.
Note
The background cycle must not be disabled for U.S.
EPA designated use.
BACK. INTERVAL
Set time in HOURS (2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24). A microprocessor-controlled
field that indicates when an autozero cycle will begin. The results of the
background are stored in the EVENT LOG.
CO CAL PRESSURE
This is the measured ambient pressure during the last CO calibration.
2.5.5.2 Manual Calibration
The following screen appears when CALIBRATION: MANUAL is selected.
CALIBRATION MENU
CALIBRATION
CAL. MODE
: MANUAL
: MEASURE
CALIBRATION
: INTERNAL
CTEMP TO BGND
BACKGROUND
BACK. INTERVAL
: 4.0 DEG C
: ENABLED
: 24 HOURS
CO CAL PRESSURE
: 750.0 TORR
Figure 2-12. Manual Calibration Menu
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CALIBRATION
MANUAL initiates operator-controlled calibration.
CAL. MODE
A choice of MEASURE (normal mode), CYCLE (zero/span), SPAN (span valve), or
ZERO (zero valve). The choice is based on the valve the operator wants to open.
Selecting CYCLE starts an AZS cycle, which is discussed in Chapter 3. The actual
valves actuated will depend upon the selection of CALIBRATION: INTERNAL or
EXTERNAL.
CALIBRATION
The choice of INTERNAL or EXTERNAL valves that will operate during a zero/span
check. (The EZS valve option must be installed to use EXTERNAL.)
CTEMP TO BGND
This specifies the allowable variation in the chassis temperature from the previous
background, before a temperature initiated background occurs. The default is 4
deg c - ie if the chassis temperature varies by ±4C from the chassis temperature
when the last background occured, then a background will run each hour for the
next 3 hours. If this feature is not desired, then the value can be increased to a
much higher temperature tolerance. Note that the calculation of CO is very
temperature depended, and overiding the default of 4 will lead to less accurate
results in the measurement of CO. Note this menu is only accessible through the
manual menu but will be active in while either manual or timed calibration menu
are active.
BACKGROUND
A choice of START, DISABLED or ENABLED. If START is selected, then when
<Enter> is pressed the instrument begins an auto-zero (background) cycle. If
DISABLED is selected, then the instrument will not run the normal auto-zero
(background) cycle. If ENABLED is selected, then the instrument will run the
normal auto-zero (background) cycle.
BACK. INTERVAL
Set time in HOURS (2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24). A microprocessor-controlled
field that indicates when an autozero cycle will begin. The results of the
background are stored in the EVENT LOG.
CO CAL PRESSURE
This is the measured ambient pressure during the last CO calibration.
Note
The background cycle must not be disabled for U.S.
EPA designated use.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.5.6 Test Menu
TEST MENU
OUTPUT TEST MENU
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
CALCULATION FACTORS
MEASUREMENT GAIN
PRES/TEMP/FLOW COMP
DIAGNOSTIC MODE
: 128
: ON
: OPERATE
CONTROL LOOP
TEST MEASURE
CO
: ENABLED
: 0
: 0.00000 PPM
Figure 2-13. Test Menu
The TEST MENU includes a series of submenus containing information and control
settings for testing and verifying instrument functions. The operator can make
changes to settings; however, when the instrument is returned to normal
operation, the instrument’s automatic control function resumes. Changes made
from this menu are for diagnostic and test purposes only.
MEASUREMENT GAIN
Entries are microprocessor controlled settings of 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, and
128.
PRES/TEMP/FLOW COMP
Set to either ON or OFF. OFF is used when running diagnostics to see fluctuations
in readings. ON is used to compensate for environmental fluctuations that might
affect readings.
DIAGNOSTIC MODE
Allows the operator to choose OPERATE, OPTIC, ELECT, or PREAMP. During
measurement, set to OPERATE. During diagnostic testing, set to the system to be
diagnosed.
CONTROL LOOP
Allows the operator to choose ENABLED or DISABLED. When ENABLED is selected,
the microprocessor maintains control of the digital pots; when DISABLED is
selected, the microprocessor does not control the digital pots and the user can
manually adjust the digital pots. When CONTROL LOOP is ENABLED, the
microprocessor will take control of the pots at the point at which the pots were
last set. CONTROL LOOPS will be set to ENABLED when the primary screen is
displayed.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
TEST MEASURE
Software-controlled pot that is used by technicians when troubleshooting, or
verifying correct instrument performance. This option only appears when the
diagnostic mode is set to OPTIC, ELECT or PREAMP.
CO
Gas concentration reading during diagnostics. This option only appears when the
diagnostic mode is set to OPTIC, ELECT or PREAMP.
2.5.7 Output Test Menu
OUTPUT TEST MENU
PREPROCESSOR POTS
FLOW CONTROL POTS
VALVE TEST MENU
Figure 2-14. Output Test Menu
The OUTPUT TEST MENU reports readings for digital potentiometers and valves.
The FLOW CONTROL POTS menu does not appear on the B series analyzer.
2.5.8 Preprocessor Pots Screen
PREPROCESSOR POTS
MEASURE COARSE ZERO
MEASURE FINE ZERO
INPUT
TEST REFERENCE
TEST MEASURE
REF. VOLTAGE
CO
CONC.VOLTAGE
:
:
:
:
:
61
47
45
0
0
3.806 VOLTS
0.00 PPM
1.514 VOLTS
Figure 2-15. Preprocessor Pots Screen
PREPROCESSOR POTS are electronically-controlled digital potentiometers used for
adjustments to operations of the preprocessor board. Each pot is set with digits
0-99 in a non-wraparound scrolling field.
MEASURE COARSE ZERO
Software-controlled pot for the coarse electronic zero of the measure channel.
MEASURE FINE ZERO
Software-controlled pot for the fine electronic zero of the measure channel.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
INPUT
Sets gain for the input signal from the detector and is controlled by the
microprocessor board.
TEST REFERENCE
Software controlled pot for the gain of the reference channel. Used during
troubleshooting.
TEST MEASURE
Software-controlled pot for the gain of the measure channel. Used by technicians
when troubleshooting.
REF. VOLTAGE
Reference voltage as measured by the preamplifier board. This is indicative of IR
signal strength.
CO
PPM: Gas concentration reading.
CONC. VOLTAGE
Instrument-generated voltage corresponding to gas concentration. This voltage
represents the actual gas measurement.
2.5.9 Flow Control Pots Screen (A series only)
FLOW CONTROL POTS are potentiometers used to adjust the functions of the flow
control board.
FLOW CONTROL POTS
FLOW CONTROL ZERO
FAN SPEED CONTROL
PUMP SPEED FINE
PUMP SPEED COARSE
:
:
:
:
81
16
85
62
GAS FLOW
GAS PRESSURE
1.00
585.6
SLPM
TORR
Figure 2-16. Flow Control Pots Screen
FLOW CONTROL ZERO
A pot that sets electronic zero for differential flow. The pot value is stored in
EEPROM on flow controller board.
FAN SPEED CONTROL
Software-controlled pot that sets chassis fan speed.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
PUMP SPEED FINE
Software-controlled pot that controls the pump speed (which controls sample flow
rate).
PUMP SPEED COARSE
Software-controlled pot that controls the pump speed (which controls sample flow
rate).
GAS FLOW
Instrument-generated information from the flow controller.
GAS PRESSURE
Atmospheric pressure; instrument-generated information.
2.5.10 Valve Test Menu
VALVE TEST MENU
INT.
INT.
INT.
AUX.
VALVE
VALVE
VALVE
VALVE
#1
#2
#3
#1
:
:
:
:
OPEN
CLOSED
CLOSED
CLOSED
EXT. MEASURE
EXT. ZERO GAS
EXT. SPAN GAS
: CLOSED
: CLOSED
: CLOSED
VALVE SEQUENCING
: ON
Figure 2-17. Valve Test Menu
The VALVE TEST MENU allows the valves to be set to either OPEN or CLOSED
according to the operator's choice. To manually operate the valves, VALVE
SEQUENCING needs to be turned off.
INT. VALVE #1
Sample stream.
INT. VALVE #2
Internal zero stream.
INT. VALVE #3
Span stream.
AUX. VALVE #1
Not used at this time.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
EXT. MEASURE
Externally supplied sample stream (used with the EZS valve option).
EXT. ZERO GAS
Externally supplied zero air (used with the EZS valve option.)
EXT. SPAN GAS
Externally supplied span gas (used with the EZS valve option).
VALVE SEQUENCING
Set to either ON or OFF. ON is used for automatic valve control of zero/span
cycles. OFF is used for operator control of valves. VALVE SEQUENCING will
automatically be set to ON whenever the primary screen is displayed.
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2.5.11 Diagnostic Menu
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
MULTIDROP PORT TEST
WATCHDOG TEST
DISPLAY TEST
ANALOG OUTPUT TEST
:
:
:
:
NO
NO
NO
NO
Figure 2-18. Diagnostic Menu
The DIAGNOSTIC MENU is information used to diagnose problems or suspected
problems. The settings return to the previously set conditions when the operator
leaves this menu.
MULTIDROP PORT TEST
Sends test of all printable characters to the Multidrop (rear) serial ports.
WATCHDOG TEST
Disables strobes to the watchdog timer. The system resets when this test is
executed.
DISPLAY TEST
A series of 6 tests are available to check the working order of the display screen.
Once the test is selected press the <Select> key to verify that the alternate pixels
are visible. Press the <Pg Up> key to exit. The available tests are:
STRIPE 1
Causes the screen to show a series of very closely spaced vertical lines.
STRIPE 2
Shows a series of vertical lines in alternate positions to those is STRIPE
1.
CLEAR
Clears the screen of all pixels.
FILL
Fills the screen of pixels.
CHECK 1
Causes the screen to show a checkered pattern made up of single pixels.
CHECK 2
Displays a checkered pattern in alternate spaces to CHECK 1.
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
ANALOG OUTPUT TEST
Sends a 0.1 Hz sawtooth waveform to the selected analog output device to test its
functionality. There are 6 analog outputs to choose from (#1 to #6). Analog outputs
#1 to #3 are available via the 50 PIN IO connector.
2.5.12 Calculation factors
CALCULATION FACTORS
INSTRUMENT GAIN
P/T/F CORRECTION
BACKGROUND
ZERO OFFSET
:
:
:
:
1.0592
1.0390
0.0012
0.0000 PPB
EXIT
Figure 2-19. Calculation Factors Menu
The Calculation factors screen is a non editable screen which provides the values
used to calculate different aspects of measurement and calibration.
2.5.13 Interface Menu
INTERFACE MENU
ANALOG OUTPUT MENU
DATA LOGGING MENU
MAIN GAS ID
: 030
INTERFACE MODE : COMMAND
MULTIDROP BAUD : 2400
DATA LENGTH
: 8 BITS
STOP BITS
: 1 BIT
PARITY
: NONE
COMM. PROTOCOL : ORIGINAL
NETWORK ADAPTOR MENU
Figure 2-20. Interface Menu
The INTERFACE MENU is used for adjustments related to the interfacing
instruments.
The following are used only when one or more of the serial ports are to be used.
See output connections information in Chapter 4, Digital Communication.
MAIN GAS ID
The ID address of the analyzer when Multidrop RS232 communications is used.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
INTERFACE MODE
This establishes the RS232 communication mode. Choices are COMMAND or
TERMINAL. TERMINAL uses the menu structure, and COMMAND uses the EC Serial
Command Set.
MULTIDROP BAUD
The communication rate for RS232 (DB9) connectors on rear panel. The available
rates are 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 and 38400.
DATA LENGTH
Sets the number of data bits used in serial transmissions. The available lengths are
7 and 8.
STOP BITS
Sets the number of stop bits used in serial transmissions. The available number of
stop bits are 1 and 2.
PARITY
Sets the parity used in serial transmissions. The available choices are NONE,
EVEN, and ODD.
COMM. PROTOCOL
Sets the communication protocol in serial transmissions. The available choices
are ORIGINAL, BAVARIAN, and ENHANCED. See the serial communications
information in Chapter 4, Digital Communication.
2.5.14 Analog Output Menu
The ANALOG OUTPUT MENU contains settings that relate to the recording devices.
For a detailed explanation of the analog output, see section 2.6.3 below. The
setting of analog output ranges has no impact on the measurement range of the
analyzer; it only affects the analog output scaling.
2.5.14.1 CO Current Output Menu
CO OUTPUT MENU
RANGE
OUTPUT TYPE
CURRENT RANGE
FULL SCALE
ZERO ADJUST
OVER RANGE
OVER-RANGING
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
50.00 PPM
CURRENT
0-20 MA
0.00
%
0.00
%
200.00 PPM
DISABLED
Figure 2-21. Analog Output Menu
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
RANGE
Set upper range limit (in digits) to desired CO concentration. See section 2.6. This
value cannot be set above the OVER RANGE value.
OUTPUT TYPE
Setting must match the choice on the 50-Pin I/O board (if installed), current or
voltage.
CURRENT RANGE
Choices are 0-20, 2-20, and 4-20 mA.
FULL SCALE
X.XX%, a correction factor for full scale setting. Used when calibrating the analog
outputs.
ZERO ADJUST
X.XX%, a correction factor for the zero setting. Used when calibrating the analog
outputs.
OVER RANGE
Set to desired over-range value. This value cannot be set below the RANGE value.
See section 2.6. This is the alternate scale the recorder or DAS indicates when
over-ranging is enabled. (When 90% of the set range is reached, this automatic
range is effective. When 80% of the original range is reached, it returns to the
original range.)
OVER-RANGING
Set to ENABLED or DISABLED to turn the over-ranging feature on or off.
2.5.14.2 CO Voltage Output Menu
CO OUTPUT MENU
RANGE
OUTPUT TYPE
OFFSET
FULL SCALE
ZERO ADJUST
OVER RANGE
OVER-RANGING
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
50.00 PPM
VOLTAGE
0
%
0.00 %
0.00 %
200.00 PPM
DISABLED
Figure 2-22. Analog Output Menu (Voltage Output)
RANGE
Set upper range limit (in digits) to desired CO concentration. See section 2.6. This
value cannot exceed the OVER RANGE value.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
OUTPUT TYPE
Setting must match the choice on the 50-pin I/O board (if installed); CURRENT or
VOLTAGE.
OFFSET
Choices are 0%, 5%, and 10%. Recorder or DAS outputs will reflect this.
FULL SCALE
X.XX%, a correction factor for full scale setting. Used when calibrating the analog
outputs.
ZERO ADJUST
X.XX%, a correction factor for the zero setting. Used when calibrating the analog
outputs.
OVER RANGE
Set to desired over range value. This value cannot be set below the RANGE value.
See section 2.6. This is the alternate scale the recorder or DAS indicates when
over-ranging is enabled. (When 90% of the set range is reached, this automatic
range is effective. When 80% of the original range is reached, it returns to the
original range.)
OVER-RANGING
Set to ENABLED or DISABLED to turn the over-ranging feature on or off.
2.5.15 Data Logging Menu
DATA LOGGING MENU
AVERAGE DATA
INST. DATA
:
:
OFF
OFF
TOTAL CAPACITY
: 0.0 DAYS
ERASE LOGGED DATA: NO
Figure 2-23. Data Logging Menu
The DATA LOGGING MENU contains settings that relate to the internal data
recording facilities of the EC9830. This data can latter be retrieved using the
Ecotech data downloading software mentioned in section 4.6.
AVERAGE DATA
If the average data is set to off, no average data is recorded. If it is set to on, then
the average data displayed on the primary screen is recorded. The averaging
period of this data is set in the MEASUREMENT MENU.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
INST. DATA
The INST. DATA option allows you to select either off (where no data is
recorded) or record instantaneous data with the following intervals: 1 HOUR, 30
MINUTES, 10 MINUTES, 5 MINUTES, 3 MINUTES OR 1 MINUTE.
TOTAL CAPACITY
When either of the above is set to on, the amount of free memory available for
data logging will be displayed in days. This indicates how much data can be
stored, before the earliest data will start to be overwritten.
Inst. Data
(min)
Total Capacity
(days)
1
3
5
10
30
60
35
106
176
353
1061
2123
ERASE LOGGED DATA
When yes is selected and enter is pressed, all the logged data will be erased.
2.5.16 Network Adaptor Menu.
The Network Adaptor Menu allows the user to enter or change the I.P. address,
Netmask and Gateway.
NETWORK ADAPTER MENU
I.P. ADDRESS
NETMASK
GATEWAY
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
2.5.17 Trend Select Menu
TREND SELECT MENU is the graphic display of the parameters listed.
TREND SELECT MENU
CONCENTRATION
AVG CONCENTRATION
REFERENCE
ZERO OFFSET
SPAN COMPENSATION
SAMPLE FLOW
SAMPLE PRESSURE
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Figure 2-24 Trend Select Menu
Each graph is displayed as an x-y plot with the x-axis 0 being the current time and
the most distant number being the most historic data.
2.5.18 Event Log Screen
EVENT LOG
# 1
BACKGROUND CYCLE
OCCURRED AT 13:38
02-DEC-03
# 2
ZERO FLOW
OCCURRED AT 12:51 02-DEC-03
# 3
CHOPPER WHEEL ERROR
OCCURRED AT 17:02 02-DEC-03
# 4
Figure 2-25. Event Log Screen
The EVENT LOG screen displays notations of key events such as auto-zero and
calibration or specific error conditions for up to 100 occurrences. This screen is a
first in, last out type screen. The first entry is the latest occurrence. You can scroll
through the events using the Up or Down arrow keys (¿ or À).
2.5.19 Instrument Status Screen
INSTRUMENT STATUS
GAS FLOW
GAS PRESSURE
REF. VOLTAGE
CONC. VOLTAGE
ANALOG SUPPLY
DIGITAL SUPPLY
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
617.6
3.806
1.327
11.715
4.977
SLPM
TORR
VOLTS
VOLTS
VOLTS
VOLTS
VERSION 1.03.0002
EXIT
Figure 2-26. Instrument Status Screen
INSTRUMENT
STATUS
is information
microprocessor for various parameters.
continuously
generated
by
the
GAS FLOW
Calculated gas flow. Will indicate 0.00 if the flow transducer senses flow has
gone to zero.
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
GAS PRESSURE
Current Gas pressure – should be a little below current barometric pressure.
REF. VOLTAGE
Reference voltage as measured by the preamplifier board. This voltage is
indicative of the IR signal intensity.
CONC. VOLTAGE
Voltage from the preprocessor proportional to the detected gas signal from the
reaction cell. This voltage is represents the actual measurement of gas.
ANALOG SUPPLY
+12 volt (primary) power supply.
DIGITAL SUPPLY
+5 volt microprocessor power supply.
VERSION
Indicates the current firmware version installed in the Microprocessor.
Additional information on the INSTRUMENT STATUS screen is provided in the
EC9830 Service Manual.
2.5.20 System Temperatures Screen
SYSTEM TEMPERATURES
CELL TEMP.
CONV. TEMP
CHASSIS TEMP.
FLOW TEMP.
COOLER TEMP.
MIRROR TEMP.
:
:
:
:
:
:
50.9
90.2
35.1
47.4
1.2
49.2
DEG C
DEG C
DEG C
DEG C
VOLTS
DEG C
EXIT
Figure 2-27. System Temperatures Screen
The SYSTEM TEMPERATURES display is information continuously generated by the
microprocessor.
CELL TEMP.
Temperature of the reaction cell.
CONV. TEMP.
Temperature of the CO-CO2 converter.
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CHASSIS TEMP.
Temperature of air inside the chassis, measured on the microprocessor board.
FLOW TEMP.
Temperature of the flow control/ pressure board.
COOLER TEMP.
Voltage drop sensed across the thermoelectric cooler. Measured as a voltage.
MIRROR TEMP.
Temperature of the end-cap mirror plate on the reaction cell.
Additional information on the SYSTEM TEMPERATURES screen is provided in the
EC9830 Service Manual.
2.5.21 System Faults Screen
SYSTEM FAULTS
CELL TEMPERATURE
SAMPLE GAS FLOW:
FLOW BLOCK TEMP:
A/D INPUT:
12 VOLT SUPPLY:
REFERENCE VOLTAGE:
CONVERTER TEMP:
COOLER & IR SOURCE:
CHOPPER WHEEL:
MIRROR TEMP:
START
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
EXIT
Figure 2-28. System Faults Screen
The SYSTEM FAULTS display provides a start, pass or fail indication for various
parameters which are continually monitored. These parameters must be within
acceptable operating ranges in order to display PASS. If the instrument is in
startup mode, START will be displayed. For further information on the SYSTEM
FAULTS screen, refer to the EC9830 Service Manual.
2.6 Analog Output
Analog output connections are described in section 2.1.2.1.
Before setting up the recorder and DAS analog outputs, decide what offset and
over-ranging choices to make. A brief explanation of these terms follows, then the
setup procedure is given. The analog output and over-range settings have no
impact on the measurement range of the analyzer, but only affect the analog
output scaling.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.6.1 Offset and Live Zero
At any selected output range, the operator may want to observe negative signal
indications. Moving the zero indication up the scale to a specific point creates a
live zero, thus allowing the recorder or DAS to show negative as well as positive
indications.
The adjustment used to create a live zero is OFFSET. For example, a 10% offset
moves the zero indication to the point where 10% would normally be indicated.
The full reading available on the recorder paper or DAS would then be -10% to
+90% of full scale. See Figure 2-29, an illustration of offset on the strip chart
recorder.
Figure 2-29. Strip Charts Illustrating Offset
Signal adjustments for zero and instrument gain to align the output with the user’s
recorder or other measurement device can be made in the ANALOG OUTPUT MENU
in the fields FULL SCALE and ZERO ADJ. These adjustments may be necessary
due to tolerance buildup, power supply variation, etc in either the analyzer or the
measurement device.
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2.6.2 Over Range Adjustment
Over-ranging is also enabled from the ANALOG OUTPUT MENU. The OVER RANGE
setting is the auxiliary range the operator chooses to track the data should the data
exceed full scale of the original range. The over-range setting has no impact on
the measurement range of the analyzer; it only affects the analog output scaling.
With over-ranging enabled, as the concentration reaches 90% of the full scale
value for the selected output range, the software generates a positive spike that
takes the indicator from the 90% position to the 100% position. The output data is
then scaled for the full scale chosen for over-range. As the output drops back to
80% of the original full scale, the software generates a negative spike from the
displayed value to zero. The output then reverts to the original range. See
Figure 2-30 for an example of over-range on a typical strip chart recorder.
Figure 2-30. Over Range as Seen on a Strip Chart Recorder
The range value should generally be set first. However, because the range value
must be less than the currently selected over-range value, it may be necessary to
increase the over-range value to the desired setting first. The over-range value is
limited to be equal to or greater than the currently selected range value. For
practicality, it is recommended that the over-range be set to a value between 2 and
5 times the range value. For example, if the desired monitoring range is 0.2 ppm,
the over-range should be set between 0.4 and 1.0 ppm.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Certain precautions must be taken when over-ranging is enabled to ensure that
pollutant concentration measurements are reported correctly. When a data
acquisition system must interface with the analog output of the instrument, some
means must be provided to indicate which range is in effect during all
measurements. The user should monitor pin 7 on the 50-pin I/O connector, which
is an open collector output indicating analog output #1 is in over-range.
2.6.3 Analog Output Calibration Procedure
This procedure is appropriate for connecting the EC9830 analyzer to a strip cart
recorder, Data logger (DAS) or to a Digital voltmeter (DVM).
1. Enter the INTERFACE MENU and choose ANALOG OUTPUT MENU.
2. Select RANGE and enter the desired range by selecting the appropriate digits.
Press <Enter> to confirm your choice.
3. Set the output type according to the termination selected for the discrete I/O
connector. The choice will be either CURRENT or VOLTAGE.
If current output is desired and the 50-pin board is installed, set the selection
jumper to CURRENT and de-select all voltage ranges. If current output is
desired and the 50-pin board is not installed, no hardware change is required.
If voltage output is desired and the 50-pin board is installed, set the selection
jumper to VOLTAGE. If voltage output is desired and the 50-pin board is not
installed, an external termination resistor is required. This resistor must be
50 ohms per full scale voltage desired (50 ohms = 1 volt full scale; 500 ohms
= 10 volts full scale, etc).
4. If voltage output type was selected, choose the desired OFFSET and press
<Enter>. If current output type was selected, choose the desired output range
and press <Enter>.
5. Select ZERO ADJUST and adjust the analog output to the selected offset
position for zero concentration (i.e., if 10% offset is selected, the recorder pen
or DAS should be at 10% of full scale). To make the adjustment, watch the
recorder paper or DAS while you increment or decrement the zero adjustment
correction factor that is displayed. Press <Enter> to confirm your setting.
6. Select FULL SCALE and adjust the analog output to 100% on the recorder
paper or DAS. To make this adjustment, watch the recorder paper or DAS
while you increment or decrement the full scale correction factor that is
displayed. Press <Enter> to confirm your setting.
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CHAPTER 2, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
7. Select OVER RANGE and set to a range that is higher than the RANGE chosen at
the top of the screen. When the digits reflect the desired over-range, press
<Enter>.
8.
Select OVER-RANGING and choose either ENABLED or DISABLED. Press
<Enter>.
2.6.4 Calibration Requirements
To make your data acceptable to the regulatory authorities and to pass required
periodic audits, you must calibrate the instrument before any data is collected for
use in a monitoring program. The calibration procedure is included in Chapter 3
of this manual.
Most regulatory requirements also include establishing a calibration verification
program. If your organization does not have the staff to perform this task,
Ecotech’s Service personnel can provide assistance. See the front of this manual
for contact details.
2.7 Password Protection
A password protection option was designed in order to solve the problem of
altering the configuration of the machine by the user. This option prevents the
user from configuring the EC9800 menus by creating an individual password.
This feature allows the user to exclude changes to the front panel menus by
locking them through a user-specified password.
2.7.1 Rules of Operation
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ˆ
The password must be a four-digit number.
ˆ
After a memory erasure, the analyzer will default to UNLOCKED.
ˆ
The user must enter a four-digit number to lock the analyzer. The same fourdigit number is used to unlock the analyzer as well.
ˆ
Once the analyzer is locked, the user may navigate through the menus, but
cannot select a field for data entry.
ˆ
Each time the user wishes to lock the analyzer, the password must be entered.
The password is only valid while the analyzer remains locked; previous
passwords are not remembered.
ˆ
On the INSTRUMENT MENU there is a new entry labeled PASSWORD that
displays the status of the menu as either UNLOCKED or LOCKED.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.7.2 Sample Session
1. At INSTRUMENT MENU there is a field labeled PASSWORD. This should display
the status UNLOCKED.
2. Select the field labeled PASSWORD. The status UNLOCKED will be replaced by
0000.
3. Using the <Select> and arrow keys scroll to the desired numbers to represent
the password.
4. When the desired password appears, press the <Enter> key. The password
will disappear and the LOCKED message will take its place. The analyzer is
now locked.
5. Scroll through the instrument menus. From this point forward, it is impossible
to select any alterable fields.
6. Return to the INSTRUMENT MENU and select the PASSWORD field.
7. The LOCKED message will disappear and 0000 appears in its place.
8. Using the <Select> and arrow keys scroll the numbers of the password
entered previously.
9. When the password is displayed, press the <Enter> key. The password will
disappear and be replaced by the message UNLOCKED.
10.
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The analyzer is unlocked and the menu configuration can be altered.
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CHAPTER 3, CALIBRATION
3.0 Calibration
3.1 Overview
The calibration chapter consists of:
‰
a general discussion of calibration
‰
a description of the multipoint calibration procedure
‰
a description of automatic zero/span (AZS) setup
‰
a discussion of the AZS feature.
The EC9830 carbon monoxide analyzer is a precision measuring device which
must be calibrated against a known source of carbon monoxide that is traceable to
a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) standard. (Formerly
NIST was the National Bureau of Standards, or NBS.)
In general terms, the calibration process consists of the following steps:
1. Establish a reliable and stable calibrating source.
2. Provide a satisfactory connection between the calibration source and the
analyzer.
3. Calibrate the analyzer against the calibration source.
Multipoint calibration is used to establish the relationship between analyzer
response and pollutant concentration over the analyzer's full scale range. Zero and
span checks are frequently used to provide a two-point calibration or an indication
of analyzer stability and function.
Regulations generally require that the analyzer be recalibrated any time it is
moved or serviced, or whenever analyzer characteristics may have changed. This
includes changing the instruments units from volumetric to gravimetric.
Regulatory agencies establish the time intervals at which the analyzer must be
calibrated to ensure satisfactory data for their purposes.
Important
Use of the EC9830 CO analyzer as a U.S. EPA
designated reference method requires periodic
multipoint calibration in accordance with the
procedure described below. In addition, the
instrument must be set to the parameters indicated
in Chapter 1, Introduction.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
3.1.1 Analyzer Calibration Instructions
Note
This procedure is a quick guide to span calibration
of the EC9830 analyzer, intended for operators who
are familiar with gas analyzers and preparation of
calibration gas. For complete gas preparation and
multipoint calibration instructions, refer to
section 3.2 below.
1.
Connect a source of span calibration gas to the analyzer through the Inlet
port. (See the remainder of this section for instructions on preparing
calibration gas.)
2.
Allow the analyzer to sample the gas until a stable reading is obtained,
typically 15 minutes.
3.
From the primary screen, start the calibration sequence by pressing either the
Up or Down arrow key (¿ or À) until the display prompts START MANUAL
CALIBRATION. Pressing the <Select> key will allow you to choose from: NO,
SPAN or ZERO. Confirm that the display reads SPAN and press <Enter> (↵).
A backlit cursor will be displayed on the CO concentration display.
4.
Use the <Select> key to move the position of the backlit cursor, and the Up
and Down arrow keys to increment and decrement the value of the backlit
digit until the calibration concentration value is obtained. When the desired
concentration is displayed, press <Enter>.
5.
Then move the backlit cursor to the INSTRUMENT GAIN field. The instrument
gain is automatically calculated by the analyzer. Press <Enter> to confirm
this value. Press <Exit> to return to the primary screen.
This completes the span calibration of the EC9830 analyzer.
Note
The auto-zero function of the EC9830 eliminates
the need for a traditional zero calibration. In special
applications where a zero calibration is required the
following procedure can be used:
3-2
1.
Connect a source of zero air to the analyzer through the Inlet port.
2.
Allow the analyzer to sample zero air until a stable reading is obtained,
typically 15 minutes.
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CHAPTER 3, CALIBRATION
3.
From the primary screen start the zero calibration sequence by pressing
either the Up or Down arrow (¿ or À) until the display prompts START
MANUAL CALIBRATION? ZERO. Confirm that the display reads ZERO and press
<Enter> (↵). A backlit cursor will be displayed on the CO Concentration
display.
4.
Use the <Select> key to move the position of the backlit cursor, and the Up
and Down arrow keys to increment and decrement the value of the backlit
digit until the zero gas concentration value is displayed (e.g. 0.00 PPM).
When the desired concentration is displayed, press <Enter>. Press <Exit> to
return to the primary screen.
3.2 Multipoint Calibration Procedure
Before beginning a multipoint calibration of the instrument, a qualified service
technician must perform the periodic maintenance procedures in the EC9830
Service Manual, especially checking the particulate filter. The INSTRUMENT
STATUS and SYSTEM TEMPERATURE screens in the EC9830 Service Manual give
the ranges for correct operation of the instrument.
Note
Calibration should only be performed when the
instrument is stable and has been powered up for at
least three hours.
3.2.1 Procedure Using Cylinder Gas Dilution Method
3.2.1.1 Principle
A certified standard cylinder of CO, diluted as necessary with zero air, is used to
obtain the various calibration concentrations needed.
3.2.1.2 Apparatus
The major components and typical configurations of the calibration systems for
the two calibration methods are shown in Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2 below.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Figure 3-1. Dilution Method for Calibrating CO Analyzers
3.2.1.2.1 Flow Controller(s)
Device capable of adjusting and regulating flow rates. Flow rates for the dilution
method (Figure 3-1) must be regulated to ±1%.
3.2.1.2.2 Flowmeter(s)
Calibrated flowmeter capable of measuring and monitoring flow rates. Flow rates
for the dilution method (Figure 3-1) must be measured with an accuracy of ±2% of
the measured value.
3.2.1.2.3 Pressure Regulator(s) for Standard CO Cylinder(s)
Regulator must have a non-reactive diaphragm and internal parts and a suitable
delivery pressure.
3.2.1.2.4 Mixing Chamber
A chamber designed to provide thorough mixing of CO and diluent air for the
dilution method.
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3.2.1.2.5 Output Manifold
The output manifold should be of sufficient diameter to ensure an insignificant
pressure drop at the analyzer connection. The system must have a vent designed
to ensure atmospheric pressure at the manifold and enough inlet flow to prevent
ambient air from entering the manifold.
3.2.1.3 Reagents
3.2.1.3.1 CO Concentration Standard(s)
Cylinder(s) of CO in air containing appropriate concentration(s) of CO suitable for
the selected operating range of the analyzer under calibration; CO standards for the
dilution method may be contained in a nitrogen matrix if the zero air dilution ratio
is not less than 100:1. The assay of the cylinder(s) must be traceable either to a
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) CO in air Standard
Reference Material (SRM) or to an NIST/EPA approved commercially available
Certified Reference Material (CRM). CRM’s are described in Calibration
Reference 2, and a list of CRM sources is available from the address shown for
Calibration Reference 2. A recommended protocol for certifying CO gas cylinders
against either a CO SRM or a CRM is given in Calibration Reference 1. CO gas
cylinders should be recertified on a regular basis as determined by the local quality
control program.
3.2.1.3.2 Dilution Gas (Zero Air)
Zero air is described as air free of contaminants which will cause a detectable
response on the CO analyzer. The zero air should contain <0.1 ppm CO. A
procedure for generating CO zero air is given in Calibration Reference 1; the
Ecotech GasCal 1000 calibrator and 8301 Zero Air source calibrator has CO-free
air capability sufficient for this operation.
3.2.1.4 Procedure Using Dynamic Dilution Gas Method
1. Assemble a dynamic calibration system such as the one shown in Figure 3-1.
All calibration gases including zero air must be introduced into the sample
inlet of the analyzer system. The EC9830 instrument sample inlet is labeled
Inlet and is located on the rear panel.
2. Ensure that all flowmeters are properly calibrated, under the conditions of
use, if appropriate, against an authoritative standard such as a soap-bubble
meter or wet-test meter. All volumetric flow rates should be corrected to
25° C and 760 mm Hg (101 kPa). A discussion on calibration of flowmeters
is given in Calibration Reference 1.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
3. Ensure that the analyzer is properly connected to the output recording device,
as described in Chapter 2, Installation and Operation. If necessary, go to the
INTERFACE MENU, select the ANALOG OUTPUT MENU, and select the appropriate
settings for the recording device. Offsetting the analyzer's zero indication
(OFFSET AND ZERO ADJUST) to +5% of scale is recommended to facilitate
observing negative zero drift. Exit and return to the primary screen.
4. Adjust the calibration system to deliver zero air to the output manifold. The
total air flow must exceed the total demand of the analyzer(s) connected to
the output manifold by 0.5 slpm to ensure that no ambient air is pulled into
the manifold vent. Go to the CALIBRATION MENU and select MANUAL
calibration and MEASURE mode. Check the internal zero scrubber by initiating
an auto-zero (BACKGROUND) cycle. Exit and return to the primary screen.
Following the auto-zero cycle, allow the analyzer to sample zero air until a
stable response is obtained. If the response is negative by more than 0.5% of
full scale, the zero scrubber may need to be replaced. Record the final, stable
zero air response as ZCO.
Note
Ecotech’s’ EC9800 analyzer family does not have zero and
span pots that physically resemble those on traditional
instruments. Zero is set automatically on all units. Span can
be set manually by adjusting the instrument readings or by
adjusting the instrument gain.
5. Adjust the zero air flow and the CO flow from the standard CO cylinder to
provide a diluted CO concentration of approximately 80% of the full scale
range of the analyzer. Ensure that the total air flow at the output manifold
exceeds the demand by 0.5 lpm. This will ensure that no ambient air is pulled
into the manifold vent. The exact CO concentration is calculated from:
[CO]OUT =
[CO]STD × FCO
FD + FCO
Equation 3-1
Where:
[CO]OUT = diluted CO concentration at the output manifold, ppm
[CO]STD = concentration of the undiluted CO standard, ppm
FCO = flow rate of the CO standard corrected to 25° C and
760 mm Hg (101 kPa), slpm
FD = flow rate of the dilution air corrected to 25° C and 760 mm Hg
(101 kPa), slpm.
6. Sample the CO concentration until a stable response is obtained.
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CHAPTER 3, CALIBRATION
7. From the primary screen, press the Up or Down arrow key. Respond SPAN to
the screen query START MANUAL CALIBRATION? by pressing the Up or Down
arrow key, then <Enter>. The cursor now appears in the first digit of the
concentration field.
8. Use the <Select> and arrow keys to input the CO span point concentration
calculated in step 5 above. Use the <Select> key to select the digit to be
changed and the Up or Down arrow keys to change the value.
9. Press <Enter> to confirm the input value. Record the CO concentration and
the analyzer's stable response.
10. The cursor now appears in the INSTRUMENT GAIN field. Check to see that the
displayed value is within the recommended range (0.7 to 1.3), and record for
future reference. Press the <Enter> or <Exit> key to return to the primary
screen.
3.2.1.5 Procedure Using Multiple Cylinders
Figure 3-2. Multiple Cylinder Method for Calibrating CO Analyzers
Use the procedure for the dynamic dilution method with the following changes:
1.
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Use a multi-cylinder system such as the typical one shown in Figure 3-2.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
2.
The flowmeter need not be accurately calibrated, provided the flow in the
output manifold exceeds the analyzer's flow demand.
3.
The various CO calibration concentrations required in the multiple cylinder
method are obtained without dilution by selecting the appropriate certified
cylinders. The suggested method is to span the instrument at the highest
concentration, then perform a dynamic or multipoint calibration with the
remaining cylinders, in sequence.
Note
The dilution method of section 3.2.1.4 is the
recommended method by Ecotech.
3.2.2 Procedure for 5 Point Multipoint Calibration
3.2.2.1 Principle
Multipoint calibration consists of five (5) concentrations across the instruments
operating range. The concentration levels are derived to determine the accuracy
between calculated and expected values of the analyzer using a simple Excel
spreadsheet. This procedure is only to be carried out on a 6 monthly basis or after
the analyzer has had major repair, as per AS3580.7.1. and U.S.EPA Standards.
3.2.2.2 Apparatus
The apparatus discussed in section 3.2.1.2 above should be used to perform the
Multipoint Calibration. In addition to this the following may also be used:
ˆ
NATA/NIST Traceable Temperature sensor
ˆ
NATA/NIST Traceable Barometric sensor
ˆ
NATA/NIST Traceable CO Gas cylinder with dual stage regulator.
ˆ
Laptop Computer with Microsoft Excel.
ˆ
Bios DryCal flow calibrator
ˆ
Ecotech portable zero air source
ˆ
Ecotech portable Dilution Gas Calibrator
3.2.2.3 Procedure
1.
3-8
Connect the flowmeter to the analyzer sample inlet and measure the sample
flow reading. Record the average of flow readings and ensure that it meets
the specifications of section 1.1.10 ±1%.
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2.
Setup the dilution gas calibrator to obtain a CO gas concentration of 80% of
the EC9830’s operating range as discussed in section 3.2.1.4. Perform a
manual calibration at this point.
Note
Record the analyzer instruments gains before and
after the calibration.
3.
Setup the dilution gas calibrator to obtain Zero air, and ensure that the
EC9830 has a zero reading lower than ±5ppb NOTE: Perform a background
otherwise and repeat step 2.
Note
Do not make any further span adjustments during
the remainder of the calibration. Record the new
span values in the spreadsheet.
4.
Generate 5 additional concentrations by decreasing FSO2 or increasing FD. Be
sure the total flow exceeds the analyzer’s total flow demand. For each
concentration generated, calculate the exact CO concentration using 3.2.1.4
Note
The recommended multipoint span concentrations
are: 20, 40, 60, 80, 100% of Full Scale @ minimum
of 1LPM.
5.
Record the concentration and the analyzer’s response for each concentration
after a stabilization period of 15 minutes per point.
6.
Plot the analyzer’s responses versus the corresponding CO concentrations
and draw or calculate the calibration curve as discussed in the following
section.
3.2.2.4 Calculating Multipoint Calibration Results
3.2.2.4.1 Manual Calculations (Used when Excel not available)
Determine the percent difference between instrument response and the calculated
concentration using the following equation.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Instrument Response - Calculated Concentration
× 100 = Percent Difference
Calculated Concentration
If the difference between values is less than 1% then the instrument is within
specifications. Otherwise a Leak Check and or service are required.
3.2.2.4.2 Using Microsoft Excel to Display Multipoint Calibration
Results
Produce an X Y scatter plot of the data with the calculated CO concentration in
the X axis and the instruments response concentration in the Y axis. Right mouse
click on any data point to bring up the data formatting menu shown in Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-3. Data point formatting menu with Excel chart
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Figure 3-4. Trendline menu in Excel
Select Add Trendline (Linear should be selected under the TYPE tab) and enter
Options. Select the tick boxes that will display the equation and the R2 value on
the chart (Figure 3-4). Clicking OK will return to the chart and display the
required data necessary to determine the effectiveness of the calibration.
Figure 3-5. Excel chart showing equation with required criteria
Using the linear regression equation y = mx + b from the chart where:
y = instrument concentration (ppm)
x = calculated value (ppm)
m = gradient (gain)
b = y-intercept (offset)
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Note
The R value is a correlation factor that relates to
the similarity between the data points. Values close
to 1 indicate a linear relationship, whereas a value
close to zero will show a random distribution of
data.
2
The calibration is accepted if:
ˆ
The gradient (m) falls between 0.98 and 1.02
ˆ
The intercept (b) lies between ±0.3.
ˆ
The correlation (R2) is greater than 0.9995
Reject the calibration if the above criteria are not met. If the calibration fails
perform a leak check, check zero air scrubbers and consult the EC9830 service
manual for troubleshooting assistance.
3.2.3 Procedure Using Multiple Cylinders
Use the procedure for the dynamic dilution method with the following changes:
4.
Use a multi-cylinder system such as the typical one shown in Figure 3-2.
5.
The flowmeter need not be accurately calibrated, provided the flow in the
output manifold exceeds the analyzer's flow demand.
6.
The various CO calibration concentrations required in the multiple cylinder
method are obtained without dilution by selecting the appropriate certified
cylinders. The suggested method is to span the instrument at the highest
concentration, then perform a dynamic or multipoint calibration with the
remaining cylinders, in sequence.
3.3 Calibration Requirements When Over-Ranging Is Employed
If you are utilizing the over-ranging feature of the analog outputs, use the
following steps in conjunction with the procedure in section 3.2 to calibrate the
instrument.
1. Choose desired upper range limit for the normal monitoring range (RANGE).
2. Choose and set the desired upper range limit for the higher, over range (OVER
RANGE). A value between 2 and 5 times the RANGE value is recommended.
3. Set OVER RANGE to DISABLED to deactivate the over-ranging feature.
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4. Temporarily set the RANGE to equal the chosen OVER RANGE.
5. Check the zero and set the span as described in section 3.2.
6. Generate several concentration standards and determine the slope, intercept,
and linearity of the higher OVER RANGE.
7. Reset the RANGE to the normal monitoring range.
8. Generate several concentration standards (including zero air) and determine
the slope, intercept, and linearity of the lower RANGE.
Note
Once the span has been set on the higher range, no further
adjustment should be made on the lower (normal)
monitoring range.
9. Reset OVER-RANGING to ENABLED to reactivate the over-ranging feature.
3.4 Automatic Zero/Span Checks (AZS)
Over time, the calibration of the instrument may change slightly (drift) causing
error in the measured values. Accordingly, good quality assurance practice
requires that the calibration of the EC9830 be checked periodically and, if
necessary, that the instrument's zero and span be adjusted to restore accurate
calibration.
3.4.1 U.S. EPA Definitions
Section 12 of the QA Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems defines
two types of calibration checks: a Level 1 check and a Level 2 check.
A Level 1 zero and span calibration check is an authoritative assessment of the
analyzer calibration, using a CO span gas standard that is certified traceable to an
SRM or CRM, and the results of the Level 1 check can be used to adjust the
analyzer zero and span to restore accurate calibration.
A Level 2 zero and span check is an informal calibration check, often with an
uncertified CO standard, used to monitor the day-to-day relative readings of the
analyzer. The results of a Level 2 check must not be used to adjust the analyzer
calibration, but may indicate the immediate need for a more authoritative Level 1
calibration check.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
3.4.2 AZS Outline
When used with a certified traceable CO span standard and external zero
standard, the EC9830 automatic zero/span (AZS) feature may be used to
automatically carry out a Level 1 calibration check on a periodic basis. Further,
when the SPAN COMP in the instrument is ENABLED, the EC9830 automatically and
continually compensates subsequent concentration measurements for any minor
calibration drift as follows:
[CO]READ = f AZS × [CO]UNCOMP
Equation 3-2
Where:
[CO]READ = the corrected instrument concentration reading
based on the span compensation ratio obtained during the
previous AZS cycle
[CO]UNCOMP = the instrument concentration reading without
compensation
fAZS = the span compensation ratio determined during the
previous AZS cycle (the default value of fAZS is 1.000 until the
first AZS cycle is carried out; see Equation 3-3).
f AZS =
[CO]STD
[CO]UNCOMP
Equation 3-3
During an AZS cycle, the EC9830 measures the concentration of the span gas
provided to the span gas port. This measurement reading should equal the actual
concentration of the span gas standard. If it does not, the instrument sets
[CO]READ = [CO]STD and calculates a new fAZS as follows:
[CO ]STD = the certified concentration of the span gas standard at the span
gas port.
The new value of fAZS is then used to compensate subsequent measurement
readings until the next AZS cycle.
The zero gas reading during an AZS cycle is used for reference purposes only.
The reading is not used to compensate future values regardless of whether
COMPENSATION is ENABLED or DISABLED. The analyzer automatically runs a zero
cycle (background) at midnight using the internal zero scrubber and compensates
future readings based on this value.
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CHAPTER 3, CALIBRATION
Use of a Level 1 span calibration (with SPAN COMP: ENABLED and
CALIBRATION: TIMED) adjusts the instrument gain so the output of the instrument
agrees with the concentration expected for span gas. The previously determined
multipoint calibration curve is used to verify that the analyzer output is linear.
Note that a Level 1 span calibration requires external zero and span standards
connected via the (optional) EZS valve assembly.
It is recommended that the CO gas cylinder be checked against the previous
instrument calibration curve immediately after the generation of the calibration
curve (refer to Section 12 of Calibration Reference 1). It is also recommended
that the concentration of this pollutant source be between 70% and 90% of the
upper range limit of the analyzer and previous calibration curve. Subsequent use
of this pollutant source, with AZS and compensation enabled, adjusts the span of
the instrument to agree with the previous calibration line. Specific guidelines are
contained in Calibration Reference 1 for use of Level 1 span checks (Section 12)
and certification of gas cylinders to SRM/CRM sources (Section 12).
Note
Use of SPAN COMP: ENABLED is not allowed under
U.S. EPA designation at this time.
A Level 2 span check (with SPAN COMP: DISABLED) does not require certification
of the span gas used during AZS, and the result of such a check may not be used
to correct the data, but merely serves to indicate that the analyzer is functioning
properly. If the AZS is used for a Level 2 span check, the SPAN COMP must be set
to DISABLED. A Level 2 AZS cycle should be initiated immediately after
multipoint calibration so that a valid reference point can be determined.
As described in this section, two modes of operation are possible. In the
INTERNAL mode, the internal zero air scrubber is used as the source of zero air. In
the EXTERNAL mode, the user must supply zero air through the Zero inlet of the
optional EZS valve. In the EXTERNAL mode, the Outlet port is connected with a
short piece of tubing to the Inlet port.
In either mode, the user must supply the span gas. In the INTERNAL mode, the
span gas is connected to the Auxiliary port of the instrument. In the EXTERNAL
mode, the span gas is connected to the Span port of the instrument.
These gases (zero, if applicable, and span) must be provided to the analyzer at
atmospheric pressure; for example, through a manifold as shown in Figure 3-1.
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
3.4.3 AZS Setup
Note
In the
CALIBRATION
MENU
the second
CALIBRATION field requires the designation of
INTERNAL or EXTERNAL. This choice should be
EXTERNAL only if the EZS valve assembly is
installed and gas is attached to the external Zero
and Span ports.
1. Enter the CALIBRATION MENU.
2. At the first (upper) CALIBRATION prompt, select TIMED.
3. At the TIMER INTERVAL prompt, set the number of hours between timed
calibrations. Typical settings are 23 hours and 24 hours.
4. At the STARTING HOUR prompt, enter the hour of the day when AZS is to
commence.
5. At the prompt CYCLE TIME, enter the number of minutes required for the
span and zero steps to run.
6. At the CO TIMED SPAN prompt, enter the concentration value of the span gas
to be used.
7. At the second (lower) CALIBRATION prompt, choose INTERNAL (unless the
valve option is installed and you want to use the external calibrator gas).
Using the INTERNAL choice, the span gas is connected to the Auxiliary port
and the output of the zero air scrubber is used for zero air. If EXTERNAL is
chosen, the span is connected to the Span port and user-supplied zero air is
connected to the Zero port.
8. At the SPAN COMP prompt, select ENABLED if you want the instrument span
adjusted to agree with the span gas after each AZS cycle.
Note
Use of SPAN COMP ENABLED is not allowed under
U.S. EPA designation at this time.
Caution
Setting an incorrect span gas value with SPAN
COMP enabled will cause all subsequent readings
to be incorrect.
A built-in check verifies that the measured value is not different from the
calibration value by more than 25%. If the difference is greater than 25%, no
3-16
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 3, CALIBRATION
updated correction will be made and a message is sent to the EVENT LOG, setting
the CALIBRATION ERROR flag.
Note
The zero value is a reference value only. Regardless
of the state of the SPAN COMP option, the AZS cycle
does not correct for shifts in the zero reading.
The number displayed after CO SPAN RATIO is the factor by which the instrument
gain is multiplied to cause the display and output to agree with the span gas, and
will always be between 0.75 and 1.25. You cannot set this number. This value is
reset to 1.000 any time that the span is set manually via the front panel. (The
assumption is that front panel adjustment is an instrument calibration, thus
preventing compound adjustments.)
3.4.4 Description of AZS Process
The instrument will initiate a full zero/span cycle starting at the prescribed hour.
The valve to admit zero air will be opened and the sample valve closed. The
instrument will allow the cell to fill with the gas for 12 minutes. During the first
10 minutes, no data is taken but the display and outputs are updated with the
actual instrument reading. During the last 2 minutes, the instrument takes
readings every second and averages them to yield a value to be stored as the zero
calibration value.
At the end of 12 minutes, the zero air valve is closed and the span gas valve is
opened, admitting the span gas for 12 minutes. During the first 10 minutes, no
data is taken but the display and outputs are updated with the actual instrument
readings. During the last 2 minutes, the instrument takes readings every second
and averages them to yield a value to be stored as the span calibration value. If
SPAN COMP is set to ENABLED, this is the value which is used to correct all
subsequent readings to the calibration.
To purge the cell of span gas, the zero air valve is switched on for 5 minutes. The
Sample valve is then activated for 1 minute to allow the cell to come back to
monitoring concentration.
At the end of 30 minutes exactly, monitoring resumes including putting data in
the average, etc. (The data averages are not updated during zero/span check.)
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
3.5 Calibration References
1. Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems,
Volume II, Part 1 EPA-454/R-98-004, U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Research Triangle
Park, NC 27711, 1998.
3-18
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
4.0 Digital Communication
The EC9830 has three methods of digital communication, serial communication
using RS232 signals, Universal Serial Bus (USB),or discrete control over the
50-pin I/O. Discrete control is limited to lines which either command a specific
operation or indicate an operation is in progress. Serial communication allows
access to the menu structure using a terminal and also includes a library of other
specific operations. USB provides a simple way to monitor the current state of the
analyzer, and download data that has been logged to the internal FLASH memory.
4.1 Discrete Control
Two control inputs are available through the 50-pin I/O connector. They are
DOZERO and DOSPAN. These inputs will place the analyzer in either Zero mode or
Span mode, respectively, the analyzer will remain in the selected mode while the
input is active. When these inputs are made active the analyzer will actuate the
valve drivers selected in the CALIBRATION MENU for CALIBRATION INTERNAL/
EXTERNAL. All other discrete connections are status outputs from the analyzer.
4.1.1 50-Pin I/O Functional Specification
The 50-pin connector on the back of the instrument will have functions assigned
to pins per the following table (Note 1):
Signal Name
98307600 Rev D
Number
Function
IOUT3
2
Analog current output #3 (Note 2)
DOZERO
5
DOSPAN
6
External input to put the instrument into the zero
mode.
External input to put the instrument into the span
mode.
OVERANGE1
7
Active output indicates that analog output #1 has
gone into over-range.
OVERANGE2
8
Active output indicates that analog output #2 has
gone into over-range.
OVERANGE3
9
Active output indicates that analog output #3 has
gone into over-range.
ANAIN1
10
Unused analog input #1.
ANAIN2
11
Unused analog input #2.
IOUT1
15
Analog current output #1 (Note 3).
IOUT2
17
Analog current output #2 (Note 4).
SPANCYL
18
Active output indicates that the instrument is in
the Span or Span Fill mode.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Signal Name
4-2
Number
Function
OUTSERV
19
Active output indicates that the Out of Service
switch is in the out-of-service position.
ZEROON
20
Active output indicates that the instrument is in
the Zero mode.
SPANON
21
Active output indicates that the instrument is in
the Span mode.
ZEROCYL
22
Active output indicates that the instrument is in
the Zero or Zero Fill mode.
IZSON
23
Active output indicates that Internal Zero/Span
has been selected (Note 5).
STARTUP
24
PPM/MET
25
Active output indicates that the startup sequence
is active.
Active output indicates that the instrument is in
mg/M3.
USERID1
26
USER ID byte bit 1. Used in conjunction with the
PINID serial command.
USERID2
27
USER ID byte bit 2. Used in conjunction with the
PINID command.
USERID3
28
USER ID byte bit 3. Used in conjunction with the
PINID command.
USERID4
29
USER ID byte bit 4. Used in conjunction with the
PINID command.
USERID5
30
USER ID byte bit 5. Used in conjunction with the
PINID command.
USERID6
31
USER ID byte bit 6. Used in conjunction with the
PINID command.
USERID7
32
USER ID byte bit 7. Used in conjunction with the
PINID command.
USERID8
33
USER ID byte bit 8. Used in conjunction with the
PINID command.
FLOWFAIL
35
Active output indicates that the sample flow is
less than 0.1 slpm.
LAMPFAIL
36
Active output indicates that the lamp has failed
(Note 6).
CHOPFAIL
37
Active output indicates that the chopper has
failed (Note 7).
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Signal Name
Number
Function
SPAN_OOR
38
Active output indicates that the span ratio is out
of range (Note 8).
SPAREOC1
39
Spare open collector output #1
HEATERFAIL
40
Active output indicates that a system heater has
failed (Note 9).
SPAREOC2
41
Spare open collector output #2
OPTEST
42
Active output indicates that the system has been
put into the Optic Test mode.
ELECTST
43
Active output indicates that the system has been
put into the Electric Test mode.
PS-FAIL
44
Active output indicates that the 12-volt supply
voltage has gone out of range (Note 10).
HV-FAIL
45
SYSFAIL
46
Active output indicates that the PMT high voltage
supply has failed (Note 11).
The sum of all failures in the instrument
(Note 12).
POWER_ON
47
SPDRVR1
48
Active output indicates that power to the analyzer
is on.
Spare Driver #1
AGND
1,14,16
DGND
12
PGND
13,34
CGND
49
Chassis ground.
+12V
50
+12V (50 mA maximum).
3,4
Unused.
Ground reference for analog outputs.
Ground reference for digital inputs or outputs.
4.1.1.1 Notes
1. All outputs are open collector active LOW.
2. Analog output #3 is unused.
3. Analog output #1 is instantaneous gas concentration.
4. Analog output #2 is unused.
5. Not valid.
6. An error is valid if the cooler voltage is below 0.5 volts or above 1.5 volts.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
7. Valid.
8. Span ratio out of range is defined as calibration gain changing below 75% or
above 125% gain change.
9. An error is flagged if the mirror cell or flow block temperatures are below
35° C or above 60° C or if the converter temperature is less than 80° C or
greater than 100° C.
10. An error is flagged if the 12-volt supply voltage is below 11.1 volts or greater
than 14.3 volts.
11. Unused.
12. This signal is the logical OR of FLOWFAIL, LAMPFAIL, CHOPFAIL, CVFAIL,
COOLERFAIL, HEATERFAIL, REFFAIL, PS-FAIL, and HV-FAIL.
4.1.2 50-Pin I/O Inputs
The DOZERO and DOSPAN controls (pins 5 and 6) are TTL compatible inputs with
internal 4.7K ohm pull-up resistors. These inputs are active low and can be driven
to ground by dry contact relays, open collectors or TTL compatible ICs. The logic
levels for control inputs are standard TTL levels. They are:
low < 0.8 V
2 V < high < 5 V
4.1.3 50-Pin I/O Outputs
The status outputs are active low ULN2003 open collector Darlingtons. The status
outputs can be used to drive relays or, with the use of external pull-up resistors, as
a voltage indication of on/off conditions. The internal +12 V (pin 50) or an
external power supply may used as the relay or indicator power source.
Current through the outputs should be kept as low as possible, ideally around
1 mA. If an external supply is used it should be less than 50 VDC, and the current
sunk by each output should be <50 mA. If the internal +12 V supply is used the
total current drawn must be kept to less than 50 mA or damage to the analyzer
will result.
4-4
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Figure 4-1. Status Output Connections
4.2 Serial Control
Two modes of operation are available using the serial interface. These modes are
Terminal and Command. In Command mode, a library of commands becomes
available. These are listed at the end of this chapter. In Terminal mode the
instrument communication is through the analyzer menu structure.
4.2.1 Serial Connections
The EC9830 has two tristate RS232 ports on the rear of the analyzer. The tristate
RS232 causes all instruments not addressed to turn off their transmission
capability until the next activation command is received.
Communication among devices is defined in terms of Data Terminal Equipment
(DTE) and Data Communication Equipment (DCE) per the EIA standard, RS232.
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
4.2.2 Cable Connections
Figure 4-2. Serial Interface Connection Diagrams
4-6
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
4.3 Serial Terminal Control
If the EC9830 is operated in the Terminal mode, a terminal connected to one of
the RS232 ports will produce the same results as pressing the six front panel keys
with the exception that the same characters sent to the LCD instrument display
will also be sent to the terminal. The terminal keys will map into the front panel
keys as follows:
Key
Key Label
Function
Enter
ENTER
enter
7
HOME
exit
9
PG UP
page up
8
UP ARROW
up
2
DOWN ARROW
down
6
RT. ARROW
select
The Terminal mode must not be used if the multidrop port is daisy-chained to
other instruments.
The mode may be changed using the INTERFACE MENU through the INTERFACE
MODE menu selection. When in Terminal mode, this choice may be made
manually, or through the serial port. The mode may be changed from Command
to Terminal through the serial port using the REMOTE command. For information
on required communication parameters refer to the REMOTE command in section
4.4.5.2.
4.4 Serial Command Control
When in the Command mode, two command sets are available. These are the
9800 command set and the Bavarian Network command set. The 9800 command
set is recommended for general use. The Bavarian Network command set was set
to support a specialized network in Bavaria. Additionally, three communication
protocols are provided to allow the user to specify the different handshaking
based on their requirements.
4.4.1 9800 Command Set Format
All 9800 commands follow the command format as specified in this section. The
specific 9800 commands and their functions are described in section 4.4.5.
9800 Command Format: <CCCCCCCCC>,<III>,<D>,<NN>,<PPPPPPPPPPPP><T>
98307600 Rev D
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Where:
<CCCCCCCCC>
= command in ASCII, 1 to 9 characters
<III>
= three-digit instrument ID in ASCII format
<D>
= single digit data type in ASCII (optional)
<NN>
= number of parameters in ASCII, 1 to 9 (optional)
<PPPPPPPPPPPP>
= parameter in ASCII, 1 to 15 characters (optional)
<T>
= termination <CR> or <LF>
For commands that do not have parameters the format is the subset :
<CCCCCCCCC>,<III><T>
For commands with multiple parameters, the parameters are separated by the
comma delimiter and the termination character follows the last parameter:
<CCCCCCCCC>,<III>,<D>,<NN>,<PPPPPPPPPPPP>,<PPPPPPPPPPPP><T>
4.4.1.1 Examples
A 9800 command with no parameters would be the concentration request, DCONC,
used here with an instrument I.D. of 001.
DCONC,001<CR>
If no device I.D. is programmed, the I.D. ??? can be used to address any analyzer
connected to the RS232 line. An example of this is shown here.
DCONC,???<CR>
Caution
Using this I.D. will result in a response from all
analyzers connected to the serial line.
An example of a 9800 command with a parameter would be the trend dump
command, DTREND, used here with an instrument I.D. of 134.
DTREND,134,1,1,GASAVG<CR>
4.4.2 Bavarian Network Command Set Format
All Bavarian Network commands follow the command format as specified in this
section. The specific Bavarian commands and their function are described in
section 4.4.5.1.
4-8
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Bavarian Network Command Format: <STX><TEXT><ETX><BCC1><BCC2>
Where:
<STX>
= ASCII Start Of Transmission = 02 hex
<TEXT>
= ASCII text maximum length of 120 characters
<ETX>
= ASCII end of transmission = 03 hex
<BCC1>
= ASCII representation of block check value MSB
<BCC2>
= ASCII representation of block check value LSB
The block check algorithm begins with 00 Hex and exclusive-OR each ASCII
character from <STX> to <ETX> inclusive. This block check value is then
converted to ASCII format and sent after the <ETX> character.
4.4.2.1 Examples
The following is an example of a valid Bavarian data request for an instrument
that has an I.D. of 97:
<STX>DA097<EXT>3A
The block check calculation is best shown by the following table:
Character
Hex Value
Binary
Block Check
<STX>
02
0000 0010
0000 0010
D
44
0100 0100
0100 0110
A
41
0100 0001
0000 0111
0
30
0011 0000
0011 0111
9
39
0011 1001
0000 1110
7
37
0011 0111
0011 1001
<ETX>
03
0000 0011
0011 1010
The binary value 0011 1010 corresponds to the hex value 3A. This value in
ASCII forms the last two characters of the data request message. Please note that
the I.D. of 97 is sent as the sequence 097. All I.D. strings must have 3 digits and
the user should always pad with ASCII zero characters.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
This is an example of a valid command to put the unit in the manual span mode if
the instrument has an I.D. of 843:
<STX>ST843 K<ETX>52
The block check operation is best shown with the following table:
Character
Hex Value
Binary
Block Check
<STX>
02
0000 0010
0000 0010
S
53
0101 0011
0101 0001
T
54
0101 0100
0000 0101
8
38
0011 1000
0011 1101
4
34
0011 0100
0000 1001
3
33
0011 0011
0011 1010
20
0010 0000
0001 1010
K
4B
0100 1011
0101 0001
<ETX>
03
0000 0011
0101 0010
The binary block check value is 0101 0010 which is the hex value 52 as shown at
the end of the command string.
4.4.3 Protocol Definition and Selection
There are three protocol selections available for the EC9830 via the INTERFACE
MENU. These are provided so the user may select the appropriate protocol for their
desired application. The first protocol designated original should be used when
upgrading software in analyzers that are already in serial networks. The original
protocol is provided for back-compatibility as it completely duplicates the
protocol already in the field. The second protocol provided is Bavarian. The
Bavarian protocol should be used with the Bavarian Network Command Set for
any Bavarian network applications. Note specifying the Bavarian protocol still
allows the user to access the 9800 command set. The third protocol provided is
the enhanced protocol. The enhanced protocol provides a more robust
handshaking environment as specified in section 4.4.3.9.
4.4.3.1 Original Protocol
This protocol is provided for back compatibility with pervious versions (before
Version 2.05) of 9800B software. There are a number of idiosyncrasies in the
original protocol that are preserved to allow existing applications to use upgraded
software without modifying their interface.
4-10
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
4.4.3.2 Command Acknowledgment
‰
For 9800 style commands that provide a data response, the data response itself
is the acknowledgment.
‰
For 9800 style commands that do not provide a data response, the
acknowledgment is the returned ASCII string O.K.
‰
For Bavarian Network commands, no acknowledgment is returned.
4.4.3.3 Negative Command Acknowledgment
‰
For 9800 commands, if a valid Instrument I.D. is received with an invalid
command string the message INVALID COMMAND is sent.
‰
For Bavarian Network commands, no negative command acknowledgment is
sent.
4.4.3.4 Original Protocol Idiosyncrasies
‰
Block check characters are not checked on Bavarian commands.
‰
The <STX> character is ignored.
‰
The <ETX> character is a valid termination for Bavarian commands even in the
absence of a <STX> character.
‰
The DA command will function without a serial I.D.
‰
The string DA<CR> is a valid command.
‰
The zero padding on the response to the DA command contains six ASCII
zeros instead of the standard ten ASCII zeros.
‰
The data type must be sent on 9800 style commands but it is not checked
against the actual parameters.
‰
The number of data parameters must be sent on 9800 style commands but it is
not checked against the actual parameters.
4.4.3.5 Bavarian Protocol
This protocol is intended to correct the idiosyncrasies in the original protocol, as
noted in section 4.4.3.1, as they apply to the Bavarian network. This protocol
selection strictly applies the Bavarian network protocol to all commands.
4.4.3.6 Command Acknowledgment
98307600 Rev D
‰
For 9800 style commands that provide a data response, the response itself is
the acknowledgment.
‰
For 9800 style commands that do not provide a data response, no
acknowledgment is returned.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
‰
For Bavarian Network commands no acknowledgment is returned.
4.4.3.7 Negative Acknowledgment
For 9800 commands and for Bavarian Network commands, no negative command
acknowledgment is sent.
4.4.3.8 Bavarian Protocol Idiosyncrasies
‰
The string DA<CR> is a valid command.
‰
The DA command will function without an I.D.
‰
The data type must be sent on 9800 style commands but it is not checked
against the actual parameters.
‰
The number of data parameters must be sent on 9800 style commands but it is
not checked against the actual parameters.
4.4.3.9 Enhanced Protocol
This protocol is provided to allow easier and more robust interfacing between the
EC9830 and a computer. Every command with a valid I.D. will respond with
either <ACK> or <NAK>. Bavarian commands also respond with either <ACK> or
<NAK>, although this is outside the normal Bavarian Network protocol.
Note
This protocol selection should not be used in
Bavarian network applications.
4.4.3.10 Command Acknowledgment
‰
For all valid 9800 and Bavarian commands, an ASCII <ACK> character is
returned.
‰
For commands that request data, the data will be sent after the <ACK>
character.
4.4.3.11 Negative Command Acknowledgment
‰
Any detected error will respond with the ASCII <NAK> character followed by
an error message.
‰
Due to the constraints of the multidrop environment the unit I.D. must be
received intact for a <NAK> response to be sent.
‰
An
invalid
command
will
cause
the
response
<NAK>UNKNOWN
COMMAND<CR><LF>.
‰
An invalid command format will cause the response <NAK> BAD COMMAND
FORMAT<CR><LF>.
4-12
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
‰
A bad block check on a Bavarian command will cause the response <NAK>BAD
BLOCK CHECK<CR><LF>.
‰
If a Bavarian command is sent without a set of matching <STX> and <ETX>
characters it will cause the response <NAK>BAD STX ETX PAIR<CR><LF>.
4.4.3.12 Enhanced Protocol Idiosyncrasies
‰
The string DA<CR> is a valid command.
‰
The DA command will function without an I.D.
‰
The data type must be sent on 9800 style commands but it is not checked
against the actual parameters.
‰
The number of data parameters must be sent on 9800 style commands, but it is
not checked against the actual parameters.
4.4.4 Establishing Communications
The first step in establishing communications with the EC9830 is to connect a
computer or terminal to one of the instrument's RS232 serial ports as specified in
section 4.2.1. The default serial configuration for either serial port is 2400,8,N,1
(2400 baud, 8 bits, no parity, and one stop bit). If you need to change the serial
configuration from the default, use the INTERFACE MENU.
Once the instrument has been connected, place the instrument in Command mode
by entering the INTERFACE MENU via the front panel and selecting COMMAND as the
INTERFACE MODE. Then, using a communication package such as HYPER
TERMINAL establish communications with the instrument.
To test the communication connection type DCOMM,??? and press the Enter key.
The complete alphanumeric set recognized by the EC9830 should be displayed on
the computer followed by END OF MULTI-DROP PORT TEST
4.4.4.1 Multidrop Communications
The term multidrop is an idiomatic contraction of the term multiple drops. It is a
term used to denote a parallel connection of multiple RS232 transceivers. In this
scheme, all receivers share the same receive line that comes from a single master.
Likewise, these multiple transceivers share the same transmit line which goes
back to a single master. This strategy is a method of attaching multiple slave units
(instruments) to a single master (computer).
In the multidrop strategy, each unit is given an identification number (I.D.) which
is sent with each command from the master. When a unit recognizes its unique
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
I.D., it processes the command and responds appropriately. The integrity of this
method relies on a strict enforcement of the following rules:
‰
Each unit in the multidrop must have a unique I.D. that is programmed into
the unit before attaching to the network.
‰
After a command is sent by the master, the master must then wait for a
response. Only after a reasonable time-out period should the master send
another command.
‰
The multidrop master must include a time-out mechanism in the event that the
I.D. sent with the command is garbled. Clearly a <NAK> on a bad I.D. is not
possible for the units in this scheme.
‰
The master must correlate the unit response with I.D. sent in the command to
know which unit in the multidrop is responding.
‰
Any command that would cause two units on the multidrop to respond at the
same time must be avoided. If more than one unit attempts to respond on the
common transmit line, a data collision will occur destroying both messages.
4.4.4.2 Programming Instrument Identifiers
Note
The Instrument ID, or Main Gas ID, can be set
manually in the Instrument Menu or the Interface
Menu. Refer to section 2.5.3 for further details. This
is this preferred method.
Alternatively, the command PI is the only command used to set the Instrument
I.D. for a given analyzer. The instrument can then be used standalone or as one of
several multidrop (daisy-chain) analyzers. The format of this command is:
PIXXX YYY<CR>
Where:
XXX is the unit I.D.
YYY is the secondary unit I.D.
4-14
ˆ
The parameter XXX is the unit I.D. and must be three characters.
ˆ
Unit I.D.'s such as 1 should be programmed as 001.
ˆ
For the 9841 the YYY parameter is the second unit I.D. and may be used for
any command query. This is in support of existing Bavarian networks.
ˆ
Only one analyzer at a time may be programmed with an I.D. Do not issue
this command with multiple units on a multidrop.
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
4.4.4.3 Examples
‰
The string PI001<CR> will program a unit to the I.D. of 001.
‰
The string PI001 123 will program a unit to the I.D. of 001 with a serial
number of 123.
‰
The string PI003 004 will program an EC9830 for a main ID of 003 and a
secondary ID of 004.
4.4.5 Serial Command Set
This section describes the Bavarian Network and 9800 command sets available on
the EC9830 using the instrument Command mode.
4.4.5.1 Bavarian Protocol Command Set
Command
{DA}
Function
Bavarian network command that returns the current instantaneous concentration.
Format
<STX>{DA}{<DEVICE I.D.>}<ETX><BCC1><BCC2>
Device response
<STX>{MD}{01}<SP><kkk><SP><+nnnn+ee><SP><ss><SP><ff><SP><mmm><SP>
{000000[0000]}<SP><ETX><BCC1><BCC2> where:
kkk = instrument ID
+nnnn+ee = instantaneous gas concentration in ppb or mg/m3
ss = status byte for both channels with the following bit map (positive logic):
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
unused
out of service
instrument is in zero mode
instrument is in span mode
unused
unused
units (1 = ppm, 0 = mg/m3)
instrument is performing a background cycle.
ff = failure byte for both channels with the following bit map (positive logic):
D0 = flow sensor failure
D1 = instrument failure
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
=
=
=
=
=
=
unused
unused
lamp failure
temperature sensor failure
unused
unused.
mmm = instrument serial number
[0000] = response will be 6 pad zeroes if the original or enhanced protocol is
selected. If the Bavarian protocol is selected, the response will be 10 pad zeroes.
BCC1 = first byte of the block check calculation
BCC2 = second byte of the block check calculation.
The block check calculation is performed by clearing the block check number. An
iterative EXCLUSIVE OR is performed on this number with every character is the
message from the <STX> to the <ETX> (inclusive). The resulting value is converted
into a two-digit pseudo hex number and sent out as BCC1 and BCC2.
Command
{PI}
Function
Bavarian network command that sets the device ID and serial number of the
analyzer.
Format
<STX>{PI}{<DEVICE
<BCC1><BCC2>
I.D.>}<SP>{<INSTRUMENT
SERIAL
NUMBER>}<ETX>
Command
{ST}
Function
Bavarian network command that sets the instrument mode to zero, span, or
measure, or runs a background cycle.
Format
<STX>{ST}{<DEVICE I.D.>}<SP>{COMMAND}<ETX><BCC1><BCC2> where:
COMMAND = M for measure, N for zero, K for span, S to start background cycle.
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
4.4.5.2 9800 Command Set
Note
The {TERMINATOR} can be either a <CR> or <LF>.
The {<DEVICE I.D.>} = Three Digit Instrument
I.D. in ASCII Format.
Command
ABORT
Function
Commands the addressed device to abort the current mode and return to the
measure mode.
Format
ABORT,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
<ACK> if the unit under test is able to perform the command, <NAK> if not.
Command
DAVGC
Function
Sends the current average concentration data to the serial port.
Format
DAVGC,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
{GAS}<SPACE>{STATUS WORD}<CR><LF>
All numbers are in floating point format. See the DCONC command for an
explanation of the STATUS WORD.
Command
DAZSC
Function
Commands the addressed device to perform a zero/span cycle. The system returns
to the measure mode when the cycle has completed.
Format
DAZSC,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Device response
<ACK> if the unit under test is able to perform the command, <NAK> if not.
Command
DCOMM
Function
Performs a character dump to the serial output when called.
Format
DCOMM,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
<ACK> is the unit under test performs a successful loopback, <NAK> if not.
Command
DCONC
Function
Sends the current instantaneous concentration data to the serial port.
Format
DCONC,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
Bit 15 = SYSFAIL (MSB)
Bit 14 = FLOWFAIL
Bit 13 = LAMPFAIL
Bit 12 = CHOPFAIL
Bit 11 = CVFAIL
Bit 10 = COOLERFAIL
Bit 9 = HEATERFAIL
Bit 8 = REFFAIL
Bit 7 = PS-FAIL
Bit 6 = HV-FAIL
Bit 5 = OUT OF SERVICE
Bit 4 = instrument is in zero mode
Bit 3 = instrument is in span mode
Bit 2 = instrument is performing a background
Bit 1 = SET→PPM selected, CLEAR→MG/M3
Bit 0 = reserved (LSB).
Command
DEVENT
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Function
Dumps the event log message buffer to the serial port.
Format
DEVENT,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
#XX {Message #XX <CR><LF> OCCURRED AT HH:MM DD-MON-YY}<CR><LF>
where:
The last 100 messages are reported. XX is the index into the event log message
buffer; 99 = oldest point (reported first), 0 = newest point (reported last).
The message field is null if no message exists.
Command
DGAIN
Function
Dumps instrument gain data to the serial port.
Format
DGAIN,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
{INSTRUMENT GAIN}<CR><LF>
All numbers are in floating point format.
Command
DINSTR
Function
Dumps the INSTRUMENT STATUS MENU variables to the serial port.
Format
DSTATUS,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
{STAT1},{STAT2},{STAT3},{STAT4},{STAT5},{STAT6},{STAT7},{STAT8},
{STAT9},{STAT10},{STAT11},{STAT12}<CR><LF> where:
{STAT1}
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= gas flow
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
{STAT2}
{STAT3}
{STAT4}
{STAT5}
{STAT6}
{STAT7}
{STAT8}
{STAT9}
{STAT10}
{STAT11}
{STAT12}
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
gas pressure
reference voltage
concentration voltage
analog supply
digital supply
ground offset
ozone generator flow
high voltage
lamp current, mA
ambient pressure
Startup flag (1 = in startup mode).
Startup flag and ground offset are integers; all other numbers are in floating point
format. The status field is null if it does not apply to the analyzer type.
Command
DSPAN
Function
Commands the unit under test to enter the span mode and stay there.
Format
DSPAN,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
<ACK> if the unit under test is able to perform the command, <NAK> if not.
Command
DTEMPS
Function
Dumps the SYSTEM TEMPERATURES MENU variables to the serial port.
Format
DTEMPS, [,DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
{TEMP1},{TEMP2},{TEMP3},{TEMP4},{TEMP5},{TEMP6},{TEMP7},{TEMP8},
{TEMP9},{TEMP10}<CR><LF> where:
TEMP1
TEMP2
TEMP3
TEMP4
TEMP5
4-20
=
=
=
=
=
cell temperature
converter temperature
chassis temperature
flow temperature
cooler temperature
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
TEMP6
TEMP7
TEMP8
TEMP9
TEMP10
=
=
=
=
=
mirror temperature
lamp temperature
ozone generator lamp temperature
IZS temperature
manifold temperature.
All temperatures are in floating point format. The temperature field is null if it
does not apply to the analyzer type.
Command
DTREND
Function
Dumps the requested trend buffer to the serial port.
Format
DTREND,{<DEVICE I.D.>},1,1,<PARAMETER>{TERMINATOR} where:
PARAMETER = GASAVG for the last 100 averaged gas readings.
Device response
{INDEX}<SPACE>{PARAMETER}<CR><LF> where:
INDEX is the index into the trend buffer. 0 = oldest point. Formatted as an integer.
PARAMETER is the requested data in floating point format.
Command
DZERO
Function
Commands the unit under test to enter the zero mode and stay there.
Format
DZERO,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
<ACK> if the unit under test is able to perform the command, <NAK> if not.
Command
PINID
Function
Programs the 50-pin device ID.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Format
PINID,{<DEVICE I.D.>},1,1,BBBBBBBB{TERMINATOR} where:
BBBBBBBB is the desired bit pattern in binary format to be programmed into the
device ID. The most significant bit is on the left, least significant bit on the right
(for example, 10100101 would correspond to a device ID of A5 hex or 165
decimal).
Device response
<ACK>
Command
REMOTE
Function
Puts the instrument in the VT-100 compatible terminal mode. All of the menus
become available to a remote controller through the serial port. The remote PC
(an ANSI terminal may also be used) should be configured as follows:
Windows: Terminal mode (Hyper Terminal accessory), terminal emulation = VT100, communications settings = 9600 (or whatever the current instrument host
baud rate is), 8 bits, 1 stop, no parity.
An ANSI terminal should be configured as follows:
WYSE WY-60 or WY-75: VT-100 emulation, full duplex.
WYSE WY-50: Not recommended (no ANSI mode).
Recommended baud rate is at least 4800 baud. The following (remote terminal)
keys are now active (using numeric keypad with NUM LOCK enabled on remote
terminal).
Key
Enter
7
9
8
2
6
Key Label
Enter
Home
Pg Up
Up arrow
Down arrow
Right arrow
Function
Enter
Exit
Page up
Up
Down
Select
Format
REMOTE,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
<ACK>, then clearscreen, then menu display.
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Command
RESET
Function
Reboots the instrument (software reset).
Format
RESET,{<DEVICE I.D.>}{TERMINATOR}
Device response
<ACK>
Command
GETDATA
Function
Used to collect logged data from an analyzer.
Format
This command takes two different formats depending on the transmission state.
TO begin with, the following format must be used:
GETDATA,{<DEVICE I.D.>},2,1,<START TIME>,<END
TIME>,<DATA TYPE>{TERMINATOR}
Where START TIME is the date/time of the first piece of data to collect, and END
TIME is the date/time of the final data to collect. Both must be in the following
format:
YY/MM/DD{SPACE}HH:NN
If END TIME is omitted, then all data since START TIME is returned. Year
must be 03 or greater.
Where DATA TYPE=
I to only receive instantaneous logged data
A to only receive Averaged logged data
{EMPTY} to receive both instantaneous and averaged logged data.
After the request has been issued, data will be returned in the same packet format
as is documented for USB data requests. After each packet, the following command should be issued to request the next packet of data:
GETDATA,{<DEVICE I.D.>},2,1,<REQUEST>{TERMINATOR}
Where REQUEST=
0 to retransmit previous packet logged data
1 to transmit next block of packet data
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Device response
Refer to command 2 in the USB protocol specification. The complete USB
packet format is used for the response to this serial command.
4.5 USB Communication
The USB port is located on the rear of the analyzer. This cannot be multidropped
with other analyzers, but multiple analyzers can be connected to a single USB
port on a computer by using a USB hub. This connection is ideal for collecting
data from a standalone analyzer or using a laptop that may not have a serial port.
4.5.1 Installing the driver on a PC
The following are instructions to install the EC9830 analyzer to a computer
through the USB connection. It will provide efficient communication between the
analyzer and computer with the use of the EC9800 Communicator software
described in section 4.6.
NOTE: screen shots and instructions below apply to
Windows XP, but will be similar for any other
Windows operating system.
4-24
1.
Turn on computer and log in.
2.
Connect the analyzer by USB cable to the USB port on the rear of the
computer.
3.
After 10-20 seconds the dialog box shown in should appear. If no dialog box
appears, open the Control Panel and double-click Add New Hardware.
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Figure 4-3. Screenshot of menu which appears when
USB is connected
4.
Insert the CD containing the Ecotech 9800 Analyzer Driver into the CD
drive. The computer should recognise the CD and continue with the
installation after a few seconds. If it does not, click the Next button after
loading the CD.
NOTE: A dialog box similar to that in Figure 4-4
may appear. If it does, click the Continue Anyway
button.
Figure 4-4. Dialog Box, which may
appear during installation
5.
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The installation should now proceed. When complete click the Finish button.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
The driver installation is now complete.
4.6 EC9800 Communicator Software
The EC9800 Communicator software is supplied on CD with the EC9830 series
analyzer and allows the user to communicate with the analyzer by direct serial
connection, modem or USB. The two functions of the program are to:
ˆ
Download recorded data (Data Acquire mode)
ˆ
Remotely access the analyzer’s control panel (Remote Terminal mode)
To set the EC9800 Communicator’s output, connection and analyzer properties
use the settings dialog box. Refer to section 4.6.3.
4.6.1 Data Acquire Mode
Data Acquire mode enables the user to download recorded data from the analyzer
to a text file
4.6.1.1 Using Data Acquire Mode
1.
Ensure that all Settings are correct. Refer to section 4.6.3.
2.
Under the Mode menu, tick the Data Acquire option
3.
On the Comm menu, select Start.
4.
In the dialog box that appears, enter the start date/time for the data in
dd/mm/yy hh:mm format.
For example, enter 30/11/2003 14:20 for 2:20PM on 30 November 2003.
5.
In the dialog box that next appears, enter the end date/time in the same
format.
The EC9800 Communicator will now retrieve the data. To stop downloading
before all data has been retrieved, select Stop on the Comm menu.
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Note
The analyzer must be in Command mode before
the Data Acquire mode can be used. If the program
was last used in Remote Terminal mode, the
analyzer may still be in Remote mode. See section
4.6.2.2 for further details.
Note
Data Acquire mode only retrieves data already
logged by the analyzer. To remotely instruct the
analyzer to log data, use the Remote Terminal
mode.
4.6.1.2 Viewing the Acquired Data
If the communication was successful, a table of data similar to the below will be
displayed:
Figure 4-5. Acquired Data completion screenshot
The same data is displayed in the output text file, as set on the Output tab of the
Settings dialog box, with the fields delimited by commas. A description of each
field follows below.
Field
Date/Time
(Data)
98307600 Rev D
On-screen
The date/time, in the format
selected in the Output tab of the
Settings dialog box, when the data
in that row were recorded.
Up to three channels of analyzer
data, with column headings as set
In text file
As for on-screen
As for on-screen
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Unit
Period
Function
status
Failure
status
Type
by the analyzer.
The unit for the analyzer data.
The repetition period. For
averaged data, the repetition
period is also the averaging
period.
The function status of the analyzer
at the time of measurement.
The failure status of the analyzer
at the time of measurement.
Inst = instantaneous data.
Avg = averaged data.
Codes representing the
data units
As for on-screen, with
the period in minutes
As for on-screen
As for on-screen
I = instantaneous data.
A = averaged data.
4.6.2 Remote Terminal Mode
Remote Terminal mode can be used to access the analyzer’s control panel
remotely.
4.6.2.1 Starting a Remote Terminal mode session
4-28
1.
Ensure that all Settings are correct. Refer to section 4.6.3.
2.
Under the Mode menu, choose the Remote Terminal option.
3.
On the Comm menu, select Start.
4.
The screen should replicate the analyzer’s display similar to Figure 4-6. The
user now has access to the analyzer control panel, with the buttons at the
bottom of the screen replicating the buttons on the front panel of the analyzer.
If a blank screen appears, terminate the connection as per step 6 below and
reconnect.
98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Figure 4-6. Remote Terminal
4.6.2.2 Ending a Remote Terminal mode session
Controlling the analyzer by remote terminal automatically sets the analyzer to
Remote mode.
NOTE: It is advisable that the user always returns
the analyzer to Command mode at the end of the
remote terminal session, so that other users may
download data.
To end the remote terminal session:
1.
Set the Interface Mode option on the Interface Menu to Command. For
detailed instructions on how to do this see section 4.6.2.3.
2.
Terminate the connection by selecting the Stop option on the Comm menu.
4.6.2.3 Setting the analyzer to Command mode during a Remote
Terminal session
98307600 Rev D
1.
Click exit repeatedly to display the analyzer’s start-up window. Main Menu
should be highlighted.
2.
Click enter to enter the Main Menu.
3.
Click up or down until Interface Menu is highlighted.
4.
Click enter to enter the Interface Menu.
5.
Click up or down until Interface Mode is highlighted.
6.
Click select
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
7.
Click up or down to change the interface mode to Command.
4.6.3 Settings
Open the Settings dialog box by either clicking the
button, choosing the
Comm/Settings menu option or by pressing F2. Click on one of the icons on the
left of the dialog box to access that tab.
4.6.3.1 Output Tab
This function sets the options for the text file the program downloads data to.
Output file
Enter the path and filename of the text file that the EC9800 Communicator will
write acquired data to. Clear the text box if a text file is not required.
If the file exists?
Choose Append to have the data added to the end of an existing file, choose
overwrite to have an existing file overwritten, or choose Prompt to have the user
prompted before writing to an existing file.
Date format
Choose the date/time format, or the user can select their own, in which to record
the date and time of the analyzer data.
4.6.3.2 Connection Tab
This function sets the options for the communication connection between the
computer and the analyzer.
Connection type
Choose the type of connection to communicate with the analyzer. The choice
changes the other options available in this tab.
4.6.3.2.1 Direct Serial Connection
Port
Choose the COM port on the computer where the serial cable is connected.
Connect the other end of the serial cable to the analyzer.
Baud rate
Choose the baud rate that has been set on the analyzer.
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
4.6.3.2.2 Modem Connection
Connect using
Choose from the list of modems detected from the computer
Phone
Enter the phone number to which the analyzer is connected.
4.6.3.2.3 USB Connection
Analyzer
Select the analyzer to communicate with from a detected list
4.6.3.3 Analyzer Tab
This function sets the analyzer information for the analyzer being communicated
with.
Analyzer ID
If the user has multidropped multiple analyzers onto the one communication line,
enter the ID of the analyzer to communicate with.
Average Data
Tick this box to download the averaged data that has been generated by the
analyzer.
Instantaneous Data
Tick this box to download the instantaneous data that has been generated by the
analyzer.
4.6.4 Keyboard shortcuts
The following are keyboard shortcuts that can be used in general operation of the
program.
98307600 Rev D
ˆ
F2 - Display the Settings dialog box
ˆ
F5 - Start communicating with analyzer
ˆ
F6 - Stop communicating with analyzer
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
4.7 Network Interface (optional)
The EC9800 network interface is an optional feature that can be added to an
EC9800 instrument. It adds the possibility to connect the analyser to a network
and access directly using a web browser. Within the web browser multiple users
have the possibility of seeing current readings, which are updated every 5 seconds, control the analyser remotely, and download data.
4.7.1 Current Readings
The current reading option gives the possibility of seeing current parameter values in the analyser such as temperatures, concentration and status. The values on
the screen are auto refreshed every 5 seconds and multiple users are able to view
the current values simultaneously.
Figure 7 Current Readings window
The parameters are grouped in three main categories, Gas Concentration, Instrument Temperatures and Instrument Status.
o The gas concentrations group shows the current concentration, average concentration and instrument gain.
o The Instrument temperature group shows the relevant current temperatures
for the instrument (e.g. the standard EC9841 NOx analyser would show Cell
Temperature, Conversion Temperature, Chassis Temperature, Manifold Temperature and Cooler Temperature).
o Instrument Status is where all the voltage, gas flow, gas pressure and ambient
pressure parameters are shown. This group shows all of the parameters of the
Instrument Status menu with in the instrument.
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CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
4.7.2 Remote Mode
The remote mode allows the user to access the current menu screen in the analyser, and remotely control the analyser through the menus. The buttons on the
left substitute the Up, Down, Select, Pg Up, Back, Exit and Enter keys within the
analyser.
Figure 8 Remote Mode Window
The keyboard can also be used to control the menu with the following keys:
Table 1. Keyboard key and there commands
Keyboard Key
Up Key
Down Key
Left Key
Right Key
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Menu Function
Up
Down
Pg. Up/Back
Select
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Home Key
Function Key 5 (F5)
Exit
Refresh
IMPORTANT: When the window is left and an another program is used the
other program takes control of the keyboard. In this situation when you return to
the remote mode window, the keyboard will not work. The keyboard will be reactivated when one of the buttons on the Applet is selected with the mouse.
NOTE: To access the Hidden menu press the H key, then
click the refresh button with the mouse immediately.
4.7.3 Download
The download option gives the user the possibility of downloading the logged
data to their hard drive.
OPEN DATE
PICKER
ALL DATA
SINCE
START
DATE
DATA
TYPE AND
DATE
FORMATE
FILE PATH AND
FILE NAME
Figure 9 Download Data window
Starting date
The starting date of the data to be downloaded can be selected either using the
drop down scrolls in the first two fields, or by using the Start date button to open a
date picker.
End date
The end date of the data to be downloaded can be selected either using the drop
down scrolls in the first two fields, or by using the Start date button to open a date
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98307600 Rev D
CHAPTER 4, DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
picker. This option is only possible if the “Download all data logged since Start
time” is not ticked.
Download all data since
Tick the box next to “Download all data logged since Start Time” to ensure all
data is downloaded from the start date until the last reading.
Data Type
The data type to be downloaded can be selected between Instantaneous data, Average data or all logged data.
Date Format
The Date format can be changed with the order of time, date month and year being interchangeable to your preference.
File Path
In this field the file name and path where the data is to be saved should be specified either by typing the path name or by using the browse button. When typing
the file name put the extension either .txt or .csv.
NOTE
By default the path is c:\test\EC9800.txt if
you do not have a folder named test and select download this would cause an error.
When all the options are set the download can start by selecting the Download
Button. A dialog window will prompt to inform that the download data process
may take several minutes, after that the status bar will show the current data being
written to the file.
Figure 10 Status Downloading bar
When the downloading process is finished a dialog window pops up to inform that
the download has been successfully completed. The file should then be saved in
the current directory.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
4.7.4 Firmware Update for the Network Interface
The firmware in the network adapter consist of two files the cobox.rom and
Ecotech.cob, both of this files need to be loaded into the network adapter, to load
the files get into the command window and use the following instruction
tftp –i <instrument IP address> PUT <file path>\cobox.rom X2
Wait for 20 seconds and then use the following instruction to load the .COB file.
tftp –i <instrument IP address> PUT <file path>\Ecotech.cob WEB1
Notice that If you do not have a TFTP client, there is a demo TFTP client application available at www.weird-solutions.com. A Users Guide is included and can be
used as reference for using the weird-solutions tftp client.
Use the following parameters:
•
•
•
•
•
•
4-36
Use the instruments IP address for the TFTP server
Select Upload for the Operation
Select Binary for the Format
The path and name of the .cob file
For the Remote File Name use X2
Click the Upload Now button to start the operation. Note: Be very careful to
set the TFTP application to do a binary transfer when upgrading over the network.
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EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
INDEX
5
50-Pin Connector Board with Sample Choices (Rear)
(illustration) ...................................................... 2-4
9
9800 command set........................................ 4-7, 4-17
A
Analog Output Menu.................................. 2-30, 2-32
Analog Output Menu (illustration) ............. 2-30, 2-32
Analog Output Menu, Voltage Output (illustration) 231
Analyzer Front Panel (illustration) ........................ 2-8
Analyzer Keyboard (illustration)......................... 2-10
Analyzer Rear Panel (illustration) ......................... 2-2
Automatic zero and span (AZS) .......................... 3-13
B
Bavarian command set.................................. 4-8, 4-15
Bavarian protocol ................................................ 4-11
C
Calibration Menu, Manual................................... 2-22
Calibration Menu, Timed .................................... 2-20
Calibration references......................................... 3-18
Calibration requirements ..................................... 2-39
Calibration, initial......................................... 2-13, 3-2
Calibration, multipoint........................................... 3-3
Calibration, multipoint with over-ranging........... 3-12
CO Current Output Menu.................................... 2-30
CO Voltage Output Menu ................................... 2-31
Command set, 9800 ...................................... 4-7, 4-17
Command set, Bavarian................................ 4-8, 4-15
Communications, multidrop ................................ 4-13
Connections, exhaust............................................. 2-7
Connections, sample gas ..................................... 2-6
Connections, serial ................................................ 4-5
D
Date and time, setting .......................................... 2-12
Diagnostic Menu ................................................. 2-28
Diagnostic Menu (illustration)............................. 2-28
Digital communication .......................................... 4-1
Dilution Method for Calibrating CO Analyzers
(illustration) ...................................................... 3-4
Discrete control ..................................................... 4-1
Display adjustment ................................................ 2-8
E
Enhanced protocol ............................................... 4-12
98307600 Rev D
Event Log screen ................................................. 2-33
Event Log Screen (illustration)............................ 2-33
Exhaust connections .............................................. 2-7
I
Illustrations, 50-Pin Connector Board with Sample
Choices (Rear) .................................................. 2-4
Illustrations, Analog Output Menu............. 2-30, 2-32
Illustrations, Analog Output Menu (Voltage Output)
........................................................................ 2-31
Illustrations, Analyzer Front Panel........................ 2-8
Illustrations, Analyzer Keyboard......................... 2-10
Illustrations, Analyzer Rear Panel ......................... 2-2
Illustrations, Diagnostic Menu ............................ 2-28
Illustrations, Dilution Method for Calibrating CO
Analyzers .......................................................... 3-4
Illustrations, Event Log Screen ........................... 2-33
Illustrations, Instrument Menu ............................ 2-17
Illustrations, Instrument Status Screen ................ 2-34
Illustrations, Interface Menu................................ 2-29
Illustrations, Main Menu ..................................... 2-17
Illustrations, Manual Calibration Menu............... 2-22
Illustrations, Measurement Menu ........................ 2-18
Illustrations, Menu Structure ............................... 2-15
Illustrations, Multiple Cylinder Method for
Calibrating CO Analyzers................................. 3-7
Illustrations, Optional 50-Pin Connector Board
(Front)............................................................... 2-3
Illustrations, Output Test Menu........................... 2-24
Illustrations, Over Range as Seen on a Strip Chart
Recorder.......................................................... 2-38
Illustrations, Preprocessor Pots Screen................ 2-25
Illustrations, Primary Screen ............................... 2-16
Illustrations, Serial Interface Connection Diagrams 46
Illustrations, Status Output Connections ............... 4-5
Illustrations, Strip Charts Illustrating Offset ....... 2-37
Illustrations, System Faults Screen...................... 2-36
Illustrations, System Temperatures Screen.......... 2-35
Illustrations, Test Menu....................................... 2-23
Illustrations, Timed Calibration Menu ................ 2-21
Illustrations, Valve Test Menu ............................ 2-27
Installation ............................................................. 2-1
Instrument identifiers........................................... 4-14
Instrument Menu ................................................. 2-17
Instrument Menu (illustration)............................. 2-17
Instrument Status screen...................................... 2-34
Instrument Status Screen (illustration) ................ 2-34
Interface Menu..................................................... 2-29
Interface Menu (illustration)................................ 2-29
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
K
Keyboard functions ............................................. 2-10
M
Main Menu .......................................................... 2-17
Main Menu (illustration) ..................................... 2-17
Manual Calibration Menu.................................... 2-22
Manual Calibration Menu (illustration)............... 2-22
Measurement Menu ............................................. 2-19
Measurement Menu (illustration) ........................ 2-18
Menu Structure (illustration) ............................... 2-15
Multidrop communications.................................. 4-13
Multiple Cylinder Method for Calibrating CO
Analyzers (illustration) ..................................... 3-7
Multipoint calibration ............................................ 3-3
Multipoint calibration with over-ranging ............ 3-12
O
Offset adjustment................................................. 2-36
Operation ............................................................. 2-10
Optional 50-Pin Connector Board Front (illustration)
.......................................................................... 2-3
Original protocol ................................................. 4-10
Output Test Menu................................................ 2-25
Output Test Menu (illustration)........................... 2-24
Over range adjustment......................................... 2-37
Over Range as Seen on a Strip Chart Recorder
(illustration) .................................................... 2-38
Over-ranging ....................................................... 3-12
P
Password protection............................................. 2-40
Preprocessor Pots screen ..................................... 2-25
Preprocessor Pots Screen (illustration)................ 2-25
Primary screen ..................................................... 2-16
Primary Screen (illustration) ............................... 2-16
Protocol selections............................................... 4-10
Protocol, Bavarian ............................................... 4-11
Protocol, enhanced .............................................. 4-12
Protocol, original ................................................. 4-10
S
Sample gas connections....................................... 2-6
Serial command control......................................... 4-7
Serial connections.................................................. 4-5
Serial control ......................................................... 4-5
Serial Interface Connection Diagrams (illustration) 46
Serial terminal control ........................................... 4-7
Setting the date and time ..................................... 2-12
Status Output Connections (illustration) ............... 4-5
Strip Charts Illustrating Offset (illustration)........ 2-37
System Faults screen ........................................... 2-36
System Faults Screen (illustration)...................... 2-36
System Temperatures screen ............................... 2-35
System Temperatures Screen (illustration).......... 2-35
T
Terminal control, serial.......................................... 4-7
Test Menu............................................................ 2-23
Test Menu (illustration) ....................................... 2-23
Timed Calibration Menu ..................................... 2-20
Timed Calibration Menu (illustration)................. 2-21
U
U.S. EPA Reference Method................................. 1-4
V
Valve Test Menu ................................................. 2-27
Valve Test Menu (illustration) ............................ 2-27
W
Warmup ................................................................. 2-9
98307600 Rev D
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
APPENDIX A
USB PROTOCOL PARAMETER LIST
Note: parameters are for all EC9800 analyzers and may not be applicable to an individual analyzer.
#
Description
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Internal Valve 1
Internal Valve 2
Internal Valve 3
External Measure Valve
External Zero Valve
External Span Valve
Aux Valve 1
Aux Valve 2
Aux Valve 3
Valve Sequencing
LCD Contrast POT
PRE POT 1
12
PRE POT 2
13
14
PRE POT 3
PRE POT 4
15
PRE POT 5
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
PRE POT 6
PRE POT 7
VREG POT 1
VREG POT 2
VREG POT 3
VREG POT 4
VREG POT 5
VREG POT 6
VREG POT 7
Analogue input 0
Analogue input 1
Analogue input 2
Analogue input 3
Notes
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Closed, 1=Open
0=Off, 1=On
0=Lightest, 99=Darkest
Measure coarse pot for all analysers except
9841A which is chassis fan speed.
Measure Fine: 981X, 9820, 9830, 9841, 9842
Bench Fan Speed: 9841A
Reference_zero : 9850
Input for all except 9850 which is measure gain.
981X, 984X: Test Measure
9820, 9830: test_reference
9850: reference gain
981X: Lamp Adjust
9820,9830,9850:test measure
984X: high voltage adjust
9850: high voltage adjust
9850: lamp adjust
Flow control zero
Fan speed control
Pump speed fine
Pump speed coarse
98307600 Rev D
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
Analogue input 4
Analogue input 5
Analogue input 6
Analogue input 7
Analogue input 8
Analogue input 9
Analogue input 10
Analogue input 11
Analogue input 12
Analogue input 13
Analogue input 14
Analogue input 15
50 PIN IO bits 0-7
42
50 PIN IO bits 8-15
43
50 PIN IO bits 16-23
44
45
50 PIN IO bits 24-31
50 PIN IO bits 32-39
98307600 Rev D
BIT 7: Span Out of Range
BIT 6: Span On
BIT 5: Copper Fail
BIT 4: Zero On
BIT 3: Lamp Fail
BIT 2: Out Of Service
BIT 1: Flow Fail
BIT 0: Span Cycle
BIT 7: Pump On
BIT 6: Range 1
BIT 5: Startup
BIT 4: Heater Fail
BIT 3: Range 0
BIT 2: IZS On
BIT 1: Spare 1
BIT 0: ZeroCycle
BIT 7: Power On
BIT 6: Sys Fail
BIT 5: High Voltage Fail
BIT 4: Power Supply Fail
BIT 3: Electric Test
BIT 2: Optical Test
BIT 1: Range 2
BIT 0: PPm / Metric
Really User ID
BIT 7: P4
BIT 6: P3
BIT 5: P2
BIT 4: P1
BIT 3: Spare Driver 1
BIT 2:
BIT 1:
BIT 0: Reference Fail
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
46
50 PIN IO bits 40-47
47
50 PIN IO bits 48-55
48
50 PIN IO bits 56-63
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
PGA Gain
Primary Gas Concentration
Secondary Gas Concentration
Calculated Gas Concentration
Primary Gas Average
Secondary Gas Average
Calculated Gas Average
Instrument Gain
Main Gas ID
Aux Gas ID
Decimal Places
Noise
Gas 1 Offset
Gas 3 Offset
Flow Temperature
Lamp Current
Digital Supply
Concentration Voltage
High Voltage
Ozonator
Control Loop
BIT 7:
BIT 6:
BIT 5:
BIT 4:
BIT 3:
BIT 2:
BIT 1: P6
BIT 0: P5
BIT 7: Status 2 LED
BIT 6: Status 1 LED
BIT 5: Sys Fail LED
BIT 4: HeartBeat LED
BIT 3:
BIT 2:
BIT 1:
BIT 0:
BIT 7:
BIT 6:
BIT 5:
BIT 4:
BIT 3:
BIT 2:
BIT 1:
BIT 0: Status 3 LED
0-7
0=Off, 1=On
98307600 Rev D
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
Diagnostic Mode
Gas Flow
Gas Pressure
Ambient Pressure
Analog Supply
Cell Temperature
Converter Temperature
Chassis Temperature
Manifold Temperature
Cooler Temperature
Mirror Temperature
Lamp Temperature
O3 Lamp Temperature
Instrument Status
Reference Voltage
Calibration State
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Primary Raw Concentration
Secondary Raw Concentration
984X Background Concentration
Calibration Pressure
Converter Efficiency
Multidrop Baud Rate
Analog Range Gas 1
Analog Range Gas 2
Analog Range Gas 3
Output Type Gas 1
96
Output Type Gas 2
97
Output Type Gas 3
98
Voltage Offset /Current Range Gas1
99
Voltage Offset /Current Range Gas2
100
Voltage Offset /Current Range Gas3
101
102
Full Scale Gas 1
Full Scale Gas 2
98307600 Rev D
0 = MEASURE
1 = CYCLE
2 = ZERO
3 = SPAN
(before 984X background and gain)
(before 984X background and gain)
(before gain)
0=Voltage
1=Current
0=Voltage
1=Current
0=Voltage
1=Current
0=0% or 0-20mA
1=5% or 2-20mA
2=10% or 4-20mA
0=0% or 0-20mA
1=5% or 2-20mA
2=10% or 4-20mA
0=0% or 0-20mA
1=5% or 2-20mA
2=10% or 4-20mA
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
Full Scale Gas 3
Zero Adjust Gas 1
Zero Adjust Gas 2
Zero Adjust Gas 3
Negative 10V Supply
50 Pin IO ANIN1
50 Pin IO ANIN2
Instrument State
CO Linearisation Factor A
CO Linearisation Factor B
CO Linearisation Factor C
CO Linearisation Factor D
CO Linearisation Factor E
Instrument Units
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
Background Measure Time
Sample Fill Time
Sample Measure Time
Aux Measure Time
Aux Sample Fill Time
Background Fill Time
Zero Fill Time
Zero Measure Time
Span Fill Time
Span Measure Time
Span Purge Time
Background Pause Time
Background Interleave Factor
Calibration Pressure 2
AUX Instrument Gain
Background voltage
AUX Background Voltage
O3 Generator Output
O3 Generator On/Off
Calibration Point 1
Calibration Point 2
Calibration Point 3
Calibration Point 4
Calibration Point 5
Desired Pump Flow
20mV resolution analog input (0-5V)
20mV resolution analog input (0-5V)
0= PPM
1=PPB
2=PPT
3=mG/M³
4=µG/M³
5=nG/M³
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
In seconds
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
SLPM
98307600 Rev D
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
142
143
144
145
146
Actual Pump Flow
Set Lamp Current
Lamp Current
Cycle Time
Analog GND Offset
98307600 Rev D
SLPM
%
mA
Minutes
Volts
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
Appendix B
Failure Status descriptions
The failure status codes provided by the 9800 downloader are described below. Each of the 4
units of the code represent a column below, the description within the box of the corresponding
unit explains the failure status of various components, if any, and more detailed descriptions are
outlines below the table.
Unit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
1st Digit
NO FAILURE
CHOPFAIL
LAMPFAIL
CHOPFAIL
LAMPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
CHOPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
LAMPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
CHOPFAIL
LAMPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
SYSFAIL
2nd Digit
NO FAILURE
REFFAIL
HEATERFAIL
REFFAIL
HEATERFAIL
COOLERFAIL
REFFAIL
COOLERFAIL
HEATERFAIL,
COOLERFAIL
REFFAIL
HEATERFAIL
COOLERFAIL
CVFAIL
3rd Digit
NO FAILURE
ZEROON
OUT OF SERVICE
ZEROON
OUT OF SERVICE
HV-FAIL
ZEROON
HV-FAIL
OUT OF SERVICE
HV-FAIL
ZEROON
OUT OF SERVICE
HV-FAIL
PS-FAIL
CHOPFAIL
SYSFAIL
LAMPFAIL
SYSFAIL
CHOPFAIL
LAMPFAIL
SYSFAIL
FLOWFAIL
SYSFAIL
CHOPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
SYSFAIL
LAMPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
SYSFAIL
CHOPFAIL
LAMPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
SYSFAIL
REFFAIL
CVFAIL
HEATERFAIL,
CVFAIL
REFFAIL
HEATERFAIL
CVFAIL
COOLERFAIL,
CVFAIL
REFFAIL
COOLERFAIL,
CVFAIL
HEATERFAIL,
COOLERFAIL,
CVFAIL
REFFAIL
HEATERFAIL
COOLERFAIL,
CVFAIL
ZEROON
PS-FAIL
OUT OF SERVICE
PS-FAIL
ZEROON
OUT OF SERVICE
PS-FAIL
HV-FAIL
PS-FAIL
ZEROON
HV-FAIL
PS-FAIL
OUT OF SERVICE
HV-FAIL
PS-FAIL
ZEROON
OUT OF SERVICE
HV-FAIL
PS-FAIL
CHOPFAIL
LAMPFAIL
FLOWFAIL
SYSFAIL
HEATERFAIL
COOLERFAIL
CVFAIL
ZEROON
4th Digit
GRAV
GRAV
VOL
VOL
GRAV
GRAV
VOL
VOL
GRAV
SPANON
GRAV
SPANON
VOL
SPANON
VOL
SPANON
GRAV
SPANON
GRAV
SPANON
VOL
SPANON
VOL
SPANON
Indicates that the chopper has failed.
Indicates that the lamp has failed.
Indicates that the sample flow is less than 0.1 slpm.
Indicates one or more components have failed.
Indicates that a system heater has failed.
Indicates that a cooler has failed.
Indicates that a converter has failed.
Indicates that the instrument is in the Zero mode.
98307600 Rev D
EC9830 CO ANALYZER OPERATION MANUAL
OUT OF SERVICE
HV-FAIL
PS-FAIL
GRAV
VOL
‘Out of service’ switch has been activated on analyzer
Indicates that the PMT high voltage supply has failed.
Indicates that the 12-volt supply voltage has gone out of range.
Measuring in gravimetric units i.e. MG/M3
Measuring in volumetric units i.e. PPM
Example:
If a failure status is received as C022 then the failures of the instrument as determined by this
code are:
C=
FLOWFAIL
Indicates that the sample flow is less than 0.1 slpm.
SYSFAIL
Indicates one or more components have failed.
0=
No Failure
2=
OUT OF SERVICE
‘Out of service’ switch has been activated on analyzer
2=
VOL
Measuring in volumetric units i.e. PPM
98307600 Rev D

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