AF 80 AF 100 AF 200 - Cold Control Services

AF 80 AF 100 AF 200 - Cold Control Services
Page 1
Page 1
SERVICE MANUAL
AF 80
AF 100
AF 200
R 134 A VERSION
R 134 A / R 404 A VERSIONS
Electronic flakers
with storage
MS 1000.73 REV. 05/00
Page 2
Page 2
TABLE OF
CONTENTS
Table of contents
Specifications AF 80
Specifications AF 100
Specifications AF 200
page
2
3
5
7
GENERAL INFORMATION AND INSTALLATION
Introduction
Unpacking and Inspection
Location and levelling
Electrical connections
Water supply and drain connections
Final check list
Installation practice
9
9
9
9
10
10
11
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Start up
Operational checks
12
14
PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION (How it works)
Water circuit
Refrigerant circuit
Mechanical system
Operating pressures
Components description
17
17
19
20
21
ADJUSTMENT, REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES
Adjustment of the evaporator water level
Replacement of evaporator temperature sensor
Replacement of condenser temperature sensor
Replacement of ice level light control
Replacement of the gear motor rotation and speed sensor
Replacement of the reservoir water level sensor
Replacement of P.C. Board
Replacement of the ice spout
Replacement of the auger, water seal, bearings and coupling
Replacement of the gear motor assy
Replacement of fan motor
Replacement of drier
Replacement of the freezing cylinder
Replacement of air cooled condenser
Replacement of water cooled condenser
Replacement of water regulating valve (water cooled models)
Replacement of compressor
Wiring diagram
Service diagnosis
24
24
24
24
25
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
26
27
27
27
28
29
30
MAINTENANCE AND CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS
General
Icemaker
Cleaning instructions of water system
32
32
32
Page 3
Page 3
SPECIFICATIONS
ELECTRONIC FLAKER MODEL AF 80
Important operating requirements:
MIN
- Air temperature
10°C (50°F)
- Water temperature 5°C (40°F)
- Water pressure
1 bar (14 psi)
- Electr. voltage
variations fromvoltage
rating specified
on nameplate
-10%
MAX
40°C (100°F)
40°C (100°F)
5 bars (70 psi)
+10%
ice making capacity
AIR COOLED MODELS
WATER COOLED MODELS
Kg.
75
o°C
70
10
o°C
Kg.
75
32
55
38
50
45
21
65
60
32
38
55
50
45
32
21
15
WATER TEMPERATURE
°C
o
32
21
15
°C
o
WATER TEMPERATURE
NOTE. With the unit in “built-in” conditions, the ice production is gradually reduced in respect to the
levels shown in the graph, up to a maximum of 10% at room temperatures higher than 32°C.
The daily ice-making capacity is directly related to the condenser air inlet temperature, water
temperature and age of the machine.
To keep your SCOTSMAN FLAKER at peak performance levels, periodic maintenance checks
must be carried out as indicated on page 32 of this manual.
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
60
ICE PRODUCED PER 24 HRS.
21
65
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
ICE PRODUCED PER 24 HRS.
10
70
Page 8
Page 8
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions:
HEIGHT (less legs)
HEIGHT (with legs)
WIDTH
DEPTH
WEIGHT
1006 mm.
1126 mm.
592 mm.
622 mm.
72 Kg.
AF 200 - MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Cond. unit
AF 200 AS
AF 200 WS
Basic electr.
230/50/1
Finish
Air
Water
S. Steel
Amps
Start
Amps
3.5
18
* A 15°C water temperature
Watts
760
Comp. HP
Ice bin
cap
Water req.
lt/24 HR
3/8
32 Kg.
100*
580*
Electric power cons.
Kwh per 24 HR
12
Nr. of wires
3 x 1 mm2
Amps fuse
10
Page 9
Page 9
GENERAL INFORMATION AND INSTALLATION
A. INTRODUCTION
This manual provides the specifications and the
step-by-step procedures for the installation, startup and operation, maintenance and cleaning for
the SCOTSMAN AF 80, AF 100 and AF 200
icemakers.
The Electronic Flakers are quality designed,
engineered and manufactured.
Their ice making systems are thoroughly tested
providing the utmost in flexibility to fit the needs
of a particular user.
NOTE. To retain the safety and performance
built into this icemaker, it is important that
installation and maintenance be conducted
in the manner outlined in this manual.
9. See data plate on the rear side of the unit
and check that local main voltage corresponds
with the voltage specified on it.
CAUTION. Incorrect voltage supplied to
the icemaker will void your parts
replacement program.
10. Remove the manufacturer’s registration card
from the inside of the User Manual and fill-in all
parts including: Model and Serial Number taken
from the data plate.
Forward the completed self-addressed
registration card to SCOTSMAN EUROPE
factory.
11. If necessary fit the four legs into their seats
on the machine base and adjust them to the
desired level.
B. UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
1. Call your authorized SCOTSMAN Distributor
or Dealer for proper installation.
2. Visually inspect the exterior of the packing
and skid. Any severe damage noted should be
reported to the delivering carrier and a concealed
damage claim form filled in subjet to inspection of
the contents with the carrier’s representative
present.
3. a) Cut and remove the plastic strip securing
the carton box to the skid.
b) Remove the packing nails securing the
carton box to the skid.
c) Cut open the top of the carton and remove
the polystyre protection sheet.
d) Pull out the polystyre posts from the
corners and then remove the carton.
4. Remove the front and (if any) the rear panels
of the unit and inspect for any concealed damage.
Notify carrier of your claim for the concealed
damage as stated in step 2 above.
5. Remove all internal support packing and
masking tape. (Leg package is located in the
storage bin compartment).
6. Check that refrigerant lines do not rub against
or touch other lines or surfaces, and that the fan
blades move freely.
7. Check that the compressor fits snugly onto
all its mounting pads.
8. Use clean damp cloth to wipe the surfaces
inside the storage bin and the outside of the
cabinet.
C. LOCATION AND LEVELLING
WARNING. This Ice Flaker is designed for
indoor installation only. Extended periods
of operation at temperature exceeding
the following limitations will constitute
misuse under the terms of the SCOTSMAN
Manufacturer’s Limited Warranty
resulting in LOSS of warranty coverage.
1. Position the unit in the selected permanent
location.
Criteria for selection of location include:
a) Minimum room temperature 10°C (50°F)
and maximum room temperature 40°C (100°F).
b) Water inlet temperatures: minimum 5°C
(40°F) and maximum 40°C (100°F).
c) Well ventilated location for air cooled models
(Clean the air cooled condenser at frequent
intervals).
d) Service access: adequate space must be
left for all service connections through the rear of
the ice maker. A minimum clearance of 15 cm
(6") must be left at the sides of the unit for routing
cooling air drawn into and exhausted out of the
compartment to maintain proper condensing
operation of air cooled models.
2. Level the unit in both the left to right and front
to rear directions.
D. ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
See data plate for current requirements to
determine wire size to be used for electrical
connections. All SCOTSMAN icemakers require
a solid earth wire.
Page 10
Page 10
All SCOTSMAN ice machines are supplied from
the factory completely pre-wired and require only
electrical power connections to the wire cord
provided at the rear of the unit.
Make sure that the ice machine is connected to
its own circuit and individually fused (see data
plate for fuse size).
The maximum allowable voltage variation should
not exceed -10% and +10% of the data plate
rating. Low voltage can cause faulty functioning
and may be responsible for serious damage to
the overload switch and motor windings.
NOTE. All external wiring should conform to
national, state and local standards and
regulations.
Check voltage on the line and the ice maker’s
data plate before connecting the unit.
E.
WATER SUPPLY AND DRAIN
CONNECTIONS
GENERAL
When choosing the water supply for the ice flaker
consideration should be given to:
a) Length of run
b) Water clarity and purity
c) Adequate water supply pressure
Since water is the most important single ingredient
in producting ice you cannot emphasize too
much the three items listed above.
Low water pressure, below 1 bar may cause
malfunction of the ice maker unit.
Water containing excessive minerals will tend to
produce scale build-up on the interior parts of the
water system while too soft water (with too lo
contents of mineral salts), will produce a very
hard flaker ice.
WATER SUPPLY
Connect the 3/4" GAS male of the water inlet
fitting, using the flexible tube supplied to the cold
water supply line with regular plumbing fitting
and a shut-off valve installed in an accessible
position between the water supply line and the
unit.
If water contains a high level of impurities, it is
advisable to consider the installation of an
appropriate water filter or conditioner.
WATER SUPPLY - WATER COOLED MODELS
The water cooled versions of SCOTSMAN Ice
Makers require two separate inlet water supplies,
one for the water making the flaker ice and the
other for the water cooled condenser.
Connect the 3/4" GAS male fitting of the water
inlet, using the flexible tube supplied to the cold
water supply line with regular plumbing fitting
and a shut-off valve installed in an accessible
position between the water supply line and the
unit.
WATER DRAIN
The recommended drain tube is a plastic or
flexible tube with 18 mm (3/4") I.D. which runs to
an open trapped and vented drain. When the
drain is a long run, allow 3 cm pitch per meter
(1/4" pitch per foot).
Install a vertical open vent on drain line high point
at the unit drain connection to ensure good
draining.
The ideal drain receptacle is a trapped and
vented floor drain.
WATER DRAIN - WATER COOLED MODELS
Connect the 3/4" GAS male fitting of the
condenser water drain, utilizing a second flexible
tubing to the open trapped and vented drain.
This additional drain line must not interconnect to
any other of the units drains.
NOTE. The water supply and the water drain
must be installed to conform with the local
code. In some case a licensed plumber and/
or a plumbing permit is required.
F.
FINAL CHECK LIST
1. Is the unit in a room where ambient
temperatures are within a minimum of 10°C
(50°F) even in winter months?
2. Is there at least a 15 cm (6") clearance
around the unit for proper air circulation?
3.
Is the unit level? (IMPORTANT)
4. Have all the electrical and plumbing
connections been made, and is the water supply
shut-off valve open?
5. Has the voltage been tested and checked
against the data plate rating?
6. Has the water supply pressure been checked
to ensure a water pressure of at least 1 bar
(14 psi).
7. Have the bolts holding the compressor down
been checked to ensure that the compressor is
snugly fitted onto the mounting pads?
Page 11
Page 11
8. Check all refrigerant lines and conduit lines
to guard against vibrations and possible failure.
9. Have the bin liner and cabinet been wiped
clean?
10. Has the owner/user been given the User
Manual and been instructed on the importance of
periodic maintenance checks?
11. Has the Manufacturer’s registration card
been filled in properly? Check for correct model
and serial number against the serial plate and
mail the registration card to the factory.
12. Has the owner been given the name and the
phone number of the authorized SCOTSMAN
Service Agency serving him?
G. INSTALLATION PRACTICE
1. Hand shut-off valve
2. Water filter
3. Water supply line
(flexible hose)
4. 3/4" GAS male fitting
5. Power line
6. Main switch
7. Drain fitting
8. Vented drain
9. Open trapped vented
drain
WARNING. This icemaker is not designed for outdoor installation and will not function in
ambient temperatures below 10°C (50°F) or above 40°C (100°F).
This icemaker will malfunction with water temperatures below 5°C (40°F) or above 40°C
(100°F).
Page 12
Page 12
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
START UP
B. Elapsed the 3 minutes - stand by period - the
unit starts operating with the activation in
sequence of the following assemblies:
GEAR MOTOR
COMPRESSOR
FAN MOTOR (if unit is an air cooled version)
kept under control by the condenser temperature sensor which has its probe within the condenser
fins (Fig.2).
After having correctly installed the ice maker and
completed the plumbing and electrical
connections, perform the following “Start-up”
procedure.
A. Open the water supply line shutoff valve and
put the unit under electrical power by moving the
main switch, on the power supply line, to the ON
position.
The first LED - GREEN - will glow to signal that
unit is under power.
C. Elapsed 2 or 3 minutes from the compressor
start up, observe that flaker ice begins dropping
off the ice spout to fall into the storage bin.
NOTE. Every time the unit is put under
power, after being kept for sometime in shutoff conditions (electrically disconnected) the
RED LED will blink for 3 minutes after which
the unit will start up with the immediate
operation of the gear motor assembly and,
after 5 seconds, of the compressor assy
(Fig.1).
NOTE. The first ice bits that drop into the ice
storage bin are not so hard as the evaporating
temperature has not yet reached the correct
operating value. It is necessary to allow the
ice - just made - to cure itself and wait for
about ten minutes for the evaporating temperature to reach the correct value so to
make more hard bits of ice.
FIG. 1
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP.
T>1°C
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP.
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
13
RELAYS
55
44
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
LL
1
N
N
2
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR COIL
66
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
Page 13
Page 13
FIG. 2
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP. T 40÷50°C
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP.
10
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
GEAR MOTOR
RELAYS
55
44
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
L
1
N
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR COIL
66
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
FIG. 3
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP.
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP. T>-1°C
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
13
RELAYS
55
44
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
L
L
1
N
N
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR COIL
66
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
Page 14
Page 14
NOTE. If, after ten minutes from the
compressor start-up, the evaporating temperature has not dropped down to a value
lower than -1°C (30°F) due to an insufficient
quantity of refrigerant in the system, the
evaporating temperature sensor detects such
an abnormal situation and stops consequently
the unit operation.
In this circustance, the 5th warning YELLOW
LED will blink (Fig.3).
NOTE. On air cooled models, the condenser
temperature sensor, which is located within
the condenser fins, keep the head
(condensing) pressure between 8.5 and 9.5
bar (120÷ 135 psig).
In case of condenser clogging such to prevent
the proper flow of the cooling air or, in case
the fan motor is out of operation or shortage
of water in the water cooled condenser, the
condenser temperature rises and when it
reaches 70°C (160°F) - for air cooled version
- and 62°C (145°F) - for water cooled version
- the condenser temperature sensor shutsoff the ice maker with the consequent lightup of the RED WARNING LIGHT (Fig.4).
After having diagnosed and eliminated the
cause of the poor evaporating temperature
(insufficient refrigerant in the system or
inoperative evaporator sensor) it is necessary
to push the RE-SET BUTTON that protrudes
through the hole of the control box cover.
The unit, before resuming the total operation,
will go through the usual 3 minutes STANDBY period.
After having diagnosed the reason of the
temperature rise and removed its cause, it is
necessary to proceed as per the previous
“NOTE” to start up again the operation of the
ice maker.
OPERATION CHECKS UPON THE UNIT
START UP
D. Remove front service panel and if necessary
install the refrigerant service gauges on the
corresponding Service valves to check both the
HI and LO refrigerant pressures.
E. Check for the correct CUT-OUT and
CUT-IN of the float reservoir water level
sensors by first shutting closed the water shutoff
valve on the water supply line.
FIG. 4
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP.
T>75°C
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP.
10
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
13
RELAYS
55
44
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
L
1
N
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR COIL
66
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
Page 15
Page 15
This will cause a gradual decrease of the water
level in the float reservoir and as soon as the level
gets below the sensors, the flaker stops to operate and the YELLOW warning LED will glow to
signal the shortage of water (Fig.5).
YELLOW LED goes off while the RED LED
starts blinking.
After 3 minutes the unit resumes its total operation
with the immediate start-up of the gear motor
and, 2 seconds later, of the compressor.
F. Check for the correct operation of the
electronic eye for the ice bin level control, by
placing one hand between the sensing “eyes”
located in the ice spout, to interrupt the light
beam.
This interruption will cause an immediate
extinguishing of the RED LED located on the
front of the P.C. Board and after about 6 seconds
causes the shutoff of the unit with the
simultaneous lighting of the YELLOW LED
signalling the full bin situation (Fig.6).
NOTE. The water level sensor detects the
presence of sufficient water in the float
reservoir and confirms it to the micro
processor by maintaining a low voltage
current flow between the two sensors using
the water as conductor.
WARNING. The use of de-mineralized
water (water with no salt content) having
an electrical conductivity lower than 30
µS, will cause the ability of the water
sensors to vanish with the consequent
CUT-OUT of the flaker operations and the
glowing of the YELLOW LED of shortage
of water, even though that water is indeed
in the reservoir.
Allow the resumption of the light beam previously
interrupted and after about 6 seconds the flaker
will resume - through the 3 minutes STAND-BY
period - the ice making process with the
extinguishing of the YELLOW LED.
After this, open the water supply line shutoff
valve to fill up again the float reservoir, the
FIG. 5
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP.
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP.
10
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
13
RELAYS
55
44
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
L
1
N
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR COIL
66
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
Page 16
Page 16
M. If previously installed, remove the refrigerant
service gauges and re-fit the unit service panels
previously removed.
NOTE. The ICE LEVEL CONTROL (INFRARED SYSTEM) is independent of the temperature however, the reliability of its detection
can be affected by external light radiations
or by any sort of dirt and scale sediment
which may deposit directly on the light source
and on the receiver.
To prevent any possible ice maker
malfunction, due to negative affection of the
light detector, it is advisable to locate the
unit where it is not reached by any direct
light beam or light radiation, also it is
recommended to keep the bin door
constantly closed and to follow the
instructions for the periodical cleaning of
the light sensor elements as detailed in the
MAINTENANCE AND CLEANING PROCEDURES.
N. Instruct the owner/user on the general
operation of the ice machine and about the
cleaning and care it requires.
FIG. 6
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP.
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP.
10
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
13
RELAYS
55
44
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
L
L
1
N
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR COIL
66
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
Page 17
Page 17
PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
WATER CIRCUIT
The water enter in the machine through the water
inlet fitting which incorporates a strainer and it is
located at the rear side of the cabinet and then it
goes to the water reservoir flowing through a float
valve.
NOTE. The presence of the water in the float
reservoir is detected by a system of two
sensors which operates in conjunction with
the P.C. Board. The two sensors use the
water as a conductor to maintain a low voltage
current flow between them signalling in this
way to the P.C. Board the presence of the
water in the reservoir. In case the water used
is very soft (de-mineralized) or the float
reservoir gets empty the current flow between
the sensors become so weak or is no longer
maintained that, as consequence, the P.C.
Board shutoff the flaker operation with the
simultaneous glowing of the YELLOW LED
signalling “Shortage of water”.
The float reservoir is positioned at the side of the
freezing cylinder at such an height to be able to
maintain a constant water level around the freezer
auger.
In fact, the water flows from the reservoir into the
bottom inlet of the freezing cylinder to sorround
the stainless steel auger which is vertically fitted
in the center of the freezer.
In the freezer the incoming water gets chilled into
soft (slush) ice which is moved upward by the
rotating action of the auger. The stainless steel
auger that rotates counter-clockwise within the
freezer, is powered by a direct drive gear motor
and carries the ice upward along the refrigerated
freezer inner walls and by doing so the ice gets
progressively thicker and harder.
ICE SPOUT
FLOAT TANK
FLOAT VALVE
WATER INLET LINE
FREEZER
FREEZER WATER
FEED LINE
The ice, being costantly lifted up, meet the toothed
point of the ice breaker which is fitted on the top
end of the auger, where it gets compacted,
cracked and forced to change from vertical into
horizontal motion to be discharged out, through
the ice spout, into the storage bin.
By running the ice maker, i.e. by putting the unit
under power, starts the automatic and continuous
icemaking process which would not stop until the
ice storage bin gets filled-up to the level of the
control “eyes” located on the sides of the ice
spout.
As the ice level raises to interrupt the light beam
running between the two infrared lamps, the unit
stops after ten seconds, with the simulteneous
glowing of the YELLOW LED signalling the “Full
Bin” situation.
NOTE. The interruption of the light beam
between the two light sensors is immediately
signalled by the extinguishing of the RED
LED located on the front of the P.C. Board.
After about 6" of steady interruption of the
light beam the unit stops and the “Full Bin”
YELLOW LED glows.
The six seconds of delay prevent the unit
from stopping for any undue reason like the
momentarily interruption of the light beam
caused by the flakes that slides along the ice
spout before dropping into the bin.
As some ice gets scooped out from the storage
bin, the light beam between the two sensors
resumes and immediately the RED LED in the
front-center of the P.C. Board lights-up; ten
seconds later the ice machine restarts the ice
making process and the YELLOW LED goes off.
REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT
The hot gas refrigerant discharged out from the
compressor reaches the condenser where, being
cooled down, condenses into liquid.
Flowing into the liquid line it passes through the
drier filter, then it goes all the way through the
capillary tube where it looses some of its pressure
so that its pressure and temperature are lowered.
Next, the refrigerant enters into the evaporator
coil wrapped around the freezer inner tube.
The water being constantly fed at the interior of
the freezer inner tube, exchange heat with the
refrigerant circulating into the evaporator coil,
this cause the refrigerant to boil-off and evaporate, thereby it changes from liquid into vapor.
The vapor refrigerant then passes through the
suction accumulator and through the suction line
where the refrigerant exchanges heat with the
one flowing into the capillary tube (warmer) before
being sucked into the compressor to be
recirculated.
The refrigerant heat pressure is kept between
two pre-set values (8.5÷10 bar - 120÷140 psig)
by the condenser temperature sensor which has
its probe located within the condenser fins - in air
cooled versions.
This condenser temperature sensor, when
senses a rising of the condenser temperature
beyond the pre-fixed limit, changes its electrical
resistance and send a low voltage power flow to
Page 18
Page 18
the MICRO-PROCESSOR of the P.C. Board
which energizes, through a TRIAC, the Fan
Motor in ON-OFF mode.
When the opposite situation occures, i.e. the
condenser temperature gets below the pre-fixed
NOTE. In case the condenser temperature
probe senses that the condenser temperature has rised to 70°C (160°F) - on air cooled
versions - or 62°C (145°F) - on water cooled
versions - for one of the following abnormal
reasons:
CLOGGED CONDENSER (Air cooled
version)
INSUFFICIENT FLOW OF COOLING
WATER (Water cooled version)
FAN MOTOR OUT OF OPERATION (Air
cooled version)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE HIGHER THEN
43°C (110°F)
it causes the total and immediate SHUT-OFF
of the machine in order to prevent the unit
from operating in abnormal and dangerous
conditions. When the ice maker stops on
account of this protective device, there is a
simultaneous glowing of the RED LED,
warning the user of the Hi Temperature
situation. After having eliminated the source
of the excessive condenser temperature, to
restart the ice machine it is necessary to
push the RE-SET button that protrudes
through the control box cover.
The RED LED starts blinking and three
minutes later the flaker unit resume its normal
operating mode. The condenser temperature sensor has a further safety function which
consist in preventing the unit from operating
in Lo-ambient conditions i.e. when the
condenser body temperature - equivalent to
the ambient temperature - is lower then 1°C
34°F (Fig.7). As soon as the ambient temperature rises up to 5°C (40°F) or more the PC
Board will automatically restarts the machine
through the three minutes delay time.
EVAPORATOR
CAPILLARY TUBE
DISCHARGE LINE
COMPRESSOR
CONDENSER
SUCTION LINE
ACCUMULATOR
FAN MOTOR
limit, the temperature sensor changes again its
electrical resistance reducing therefore the
current flow to the P.C. Board to cause a
temporary stop of the Fan Motor.
On the water cooled versions, the refrigerant
head pressure is kept at the constant value of
9.5 bars (138 psig) by the metered amount of
water passing through the condenser which is
regulated by the action of the Water Regulating
Valve that has its capillary tube connected to the
liquid refrigerant line. As pressure increases, the
water regulating valve opens to increase the flow
of cooling water to the condenser.
FIG. 7
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP.
T<1°C
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP.
10
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
13
RELAYS
55
44
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
L
1
N
2
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR COIL
66
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
Page 19
Page 19
The refrigerant suction or Lo-pressure sets - in
normal ambient conditions (21 °C) - on the value
of 0.4÷0.5 bar (6÷7 psig) after few minutes from
the unit start-up.
This value can vary of 0.1 or 0.2 bar (1.5÷3 psig)
in relation to the water temperture variations
influencing the freezer cylinder.
NOTE. In the event the gear motor will tend
to rotate in the wrong direction (counterclockwise) or not rotating at all the unit will
stop immediately with the glowing of the
WARNING YELLOW LED on account of the
intervention of the Electromagnetic Safety
Device - based on Hall Effect principle.
NOTE. If, after ten minutes from the unit start
up, no ice is made and the evaporating
temperature detected by the evaporator
sensor results to be higher than -1°C (30°F)
the ice maker stops and the 5TH WARNING
YELLOW LED blinks.
After having diagnosed and eliminated the
source of the failure, to restart the unit it is
necessary to press the RE-SET push button
or switch OFF and ON the power line main
disconnnect switch (Fig. 8).
The RED LED will start blinking and after
3 minutes the ice maker will resume its total
operations by running first the gear motor
and then the compressor.
MECHANICAL SYSTEM
The mechanical system of the SCOTSMAN
Flaker machines consists basically of a gear
motor assembly which drives, through a ratched
coupling, a worn shaft or auger placed on its
vertical axis within the freezing cylinder.
The gear motor is made of a single phase electric
motor with a permanent capacitor. This motor is
directly fitted in the gear case through which it
drives - in counter clockwise rotation at a speed
of 9.5 r.p.m. - the freezer auger being linked to it
by the ratched coupling.
When the gear motor rotating speed is slowed
below 1300 r.p.m. from the normal speed of
1400 r.p.m. the Electromagnetic Safety Device
transmits an electrical signal to the
MICROPROCESSOR to stop immediately the
unit operations like it occures for the wrong
rotation, with the lighting-up of the YELLOW
WARNING LED. This to relieve from the
FIG. 8
WATER
LEVEL
RESET
88
GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION
12
12
CONDENSER TEMP.
11
EVAPORATOR TEMP.
10
10
77
DATA PROCESSOR
SENSORS
13
13
RELAYS
44
COMPRESSOR
1
2
GEAR MOTOR
33
9
N
66
55
ICE LEVEL CONTROL
L
L
CONTACTOR COIL
TRIAC
FAN MOTOR
TRANSF.
ELECTRONIC
CARD
Page 20
Page 20
excessive load all the electrical and mechanical
components of the entire Drive System and
extend their durability.
NOTE. After having diagnosed and eliminated
the source of the gear motor slow rotation to
restart the unit it is necessary to press, also
in this case, the RE-SET push button or
switch OFF and ON the power line main
switch.
REFRIGERANT METERING DEVICE:
capillary tube
REFRIGERANT CHARGE (R 134 A)
air cooled
water cooled
AF 80
310 gr
310 gr
AF 100
420 gr
000 gr
REFRIGERANT CHARGE (R A)
air cooled
water cooled
AF 200
420 gr
420 gr
NOTE. Before charging the refrigerant system
always check the type of refrigerant and
quantity as specified on the individual ice
machine dataplate.
The refrigerant charges indicated are relatives
to averages operating conditions.
OPERATING PRESSURES
(With 21°C ambient temperature)
Discharge pressure:
Air cooled version
Water cooled version
Suction pressure:
AF 80 - 100 - 200
8.5 ÷ 10 bar
123 ÷ 145 psig
9.5 bar
138 psig
0.4 ÷ 0.8 bar
6 ÷ 12 psig
Page 21
Page 21
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
A. EVAPORATOR TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
The evaporator sensor probe is inserted into its
tube well, which is welded on the evaporator
outlet line, it detects the temperature of the
refrigerant on the way out from the evaporator
and signals it by suppying a low voltage current
flow to the P.C. Board Micro-Processor.
According to the current received, the microprocessor let the ice maker to continue its
operations. In case the evaporating temperature, after 10 minutes from the unit start-up, does
not go below -1°C (30°F) due to shortage of
refrigerant in the system or due to the excessive
condensing temperature, the evaporator sensor
signal reaching the microprocessor is such to
stop immediately the unit operation, with the 5th
Warning YELLOW LED that blinks.
In the air cooled versions, in relation to the
different current received, the micro processor of
the P.C. BOARD supplies, through a TRIAC, the
power at high voltage to the fan motor so that it
can cool the condenser and reduce its temperature.
In the event the condenser temperature rises
and reaches 70°C or 62°C the current arriving to
the micro processor is such to cause an immediate and total stop of the machine operation.
NOTE. To restart the unit after the shutoff
caused by the hi condenser temperature, it
is necessary to push the RE-SET button
(after having remedied to the causes of unit
stoppage) or to switch OFF and ON the
power line main disconnect Switch.
D. GEAR MOTOR ROTATION AND SPEED
SENSOR
B. WATER LEVEL SENSOR
This sensor system consist of two small stainless
steel rods vertically fitted on the inner face of the
reservoir cover and electrically connected to the
low voltage circuit of the P.C. Board. When the
cover of the reservoir is positioned in its place the
tips of both the rods dip into the reservoir water
and detects and signals its presence by making
use of its electrical resistance.
NOTE. In the event of shortage of water in
the reservoir or, in case the water used is too
soft (de-mineralized) to cause greater
resistence to the current flow (conductivity
lower than 30 µS) this sensor system causes
the shutoff of the machine, to protect it from
running with an interrupted or inadequate
water supply.
In this situation the YELLOW LED will glow
to warn of the machine shutoff and the reason
why.
C. CONDENSER TEMPERATURE SENSOR
The condenser temperature sensor probe,
located within the condenser fins (air cooled
version) or in contact with the tube coil (water
cooled version) detects the condenser temperature variations and signals them by supplying
current, at low voltage, to the P.C. BOARD.
In case the condenser temperature sensor detects
a temperature at the condenser lower than +1°C
(33°F) that signify that the ambient temperature
is at the same value, therefore it is too low for the
correct unit operation, the sensor signals to the
microprocessor to stop immediately or to do not
start the unit operations up to the moment that
the ambient temperature will rise to more
acceptables terms (5°C).
This safety device is housed on top of the Drive
Motor and detects - based on Hall Effect principle
- the rotating speed and rotating direction of the
drive Motor.
Should the rotating speed drop below
1300 r.p.m. the magnitude measured by this
device is such to signal to the microprocessor to
stop the unit and light-up the YELLOW LED.
About the same reaction occures when the drive
motor will tend to rotate in the wrong direction
(counterclockwise) situation that, if it occures,
will greatly affect all the freezer and gear reducer
components.
NOTE. To restart the unit after the shutoff
caused by this safety device, it is necessary
first to eliminate the cause that has generated
the intervention of the device and then press
the RE-SET push button or switch OFF and
ON the power line main disconnect switch.
E.
ICE BIN LEVEL LIGHT CONTROL
The electronic ice bin level control, located into
the ice spout, has the function to stop the operation
of the ice machine when the light beam between
the light source and the sensor gets interrupted
by the flake ice which accumulates in the spout.
When the light beam is interrupted the RED LED
located in the front of the P.C. BOARD goes off;
in case the light beam gets interrupted for as long
as 6 seconds, the ice machine stops with the
glowing-up of the 2nd YELLOW LED to monitor
the full ice bin situation.
The 6 seconds of delay prevents that any
minimum interruption of the light beam due to the
regular ice chuting through the ice spout may
stop the operation of the unit.
Page 22
Page 22
As soon as the ice is scooped out (with the
resumption of the light beam between the two
infrared sensor of ice level control) the RED LED
lights up and after 6 seconds the ice machine
resume its operation with the simultaneous
extinguishing the 2nd YELLOW LED.
F.
P.C. BOARD (Data processor)
The P.C. BOARD, fitted in its plastic box located
in the front of the unit, consists of two separated
printed circuits one at high and the other at low
voltage, protected by three fuses, integrated with
a RE-SET button. Also it consists of five aligned
LEDS monitoring the operation of the machine, of
one extra monitoring RED LED, of a 8 keys DIP
SWITCH and of input terminals for the leads of the
sensor probes as well as input and output terminals
for the leads of the ice maker electrical wires.
The P.C. BOARD is the brain of the system and
it elaborates, through its micro processor, the
signals received from the sensors in order to
control the operation of the different electrical
components of the ice maker (compressor, gear
motor, etc.).
The five LEDS, placed in a row in the front of the
P.C. BOARD, monitor the following situations:
GREEN LIGHT
Unit under electrical
power
YELLOW LIGHT
Unit shut-off at full storage
bin
YELLOW LIGHT
Unit shut-off due to a
too lo-water level into
float tank
RED LIGHT
ON all the time
- Unit shut-off due to a
too hi-condensing
temperature
- Unit shut-off due to a
too lo-ambient temperature
<+1°C
Blinking
3 minutes start up delay time
YELLOW LIGHT
ON all the time
- Unit shut-off due to the
wrong rotation direction
of gear motor
- Unit shut-off due to the
too lo speed of gear motor
Blinking
- Unit shut-off due to a
too hi-evaporating temp.
>-1°C after 10 min of operation
G.
P.C. BOARD DIP SWITCH
The P.C. Board which controls the entire operaton
of the ice maker, has a DIP SWITCH with eight
switching keys which allow to change the functions
and set-up of some of the system controls as
described in details herebelow.
The first DIP SWITCH Key, if positioned in ON,
allows the skipping of the 3 minutes delay period
at every start-up of the Ice Maker.
NOTE. To prevent that the unit be subject to
startings and stoppings in rapid sequence it
is strongly recommended to keep this key in
OFF position.
The 2nd key allows to make a rapid autodiagnosis of the P.C. Board outputs to
compressor, gearmotor and fan motor, by
energizing them in rapid sequence (2 seconds)
one at the time, to make sure of their operation.
DURING THE AUTOMATIC OPERATION OF
THE ICE MAKER THIS KEY MUST BE SET IN
OFF POSITION.
WARNING. This auto-diagnosis must be
performed in the shortest possible time in
order to avoid frequent startings and
stoppings of the electrical components
which may cause demages to their
windings and controls.
The 3rd key is no longer used and can be set to
ON or OFF position.
The 4th key allows the switching of the unit re-set
from manual (OFF setting) to automatic (ON
setting) when the machine operation has been
cut-out by any of the safety control devices.
The keys 5, 6 and 7 may be used to vary the
temperature differential determined by the
condenser temperature sensor for the cut-in and
cut-out of the fan motor, as indicated in the
following table.
DIP SWITCH FACTORY SETTING COMBINATIONS
DIP SWITCH
Air cooled
Water cooled
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
OFF OFF ON OFF ON
OFF OFF ON OFF ON
ON
ON
ON ON
ON OFF
DIFFERENTIAL VARIATIONS OF CONDENSER
TEMPARATURE SENSOR ACCORDING TO THE DIP
SWITCH KEY SETTING COMBINATIONS
5
6
7
DELTA T (°C)
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
0,5
1,0
1,5
2,0
2,5
3,0
3,5
4,0
Page 23
Page 23
The ideal combination which assure the best
performance of the ice maker is the first one on
the table, that gives a differential equal to 0,5°C
from cut-in and cut-out of the fan motor to keep
the condensing temperature and pressure as
stright as possible.
The 8th key is used to modify the CUT-OUT
condensing temperature from 62°C (145°F) for
the water cooled versions - ON position - to
70°C (160°F) - OFF position - for the air cooled
versions.
H. FLOAT RESERVOIR
The float reservoir consists of a plastic water pan
on which is fitted a float valve with its setting
screw. The float valve modulate the incoming
water flow to maintain a constant water level in
the reservoir, level that corresponds to the one in
the freezing cylinder to ensure proper ice
formation and fluidity.
On the inner side of the reservoir cover are fitted
the two water level sensors which detects the
presence or the shortage of water in the reservoir.
NOTE. It is very important to make sure of the
correct fitting of the cover on the reservoir in
order to enable the sensor to efficiently control
the water situation avoiding undue shutoff
interventions.
NOTE. It is advisable to check the conditions
of both the lubricant grease and the bearings
every six months.
K. DRIVE GEAR MOTOR
This motoreducer is made of a single phase
electric motor with permanent capacitor directly
fitted on a gear box.
The drive motor rotor is kept aligned on its vertical
axis by two ball bearings permanently lubricated.
The gear case contains a train of three spur gears
the first one of which is in fiber to limit the noise
level. All the three gears are encased in case
bearings and are covered by lubricant grease
(MOBILPLEX IP 44).
Two seal rings, one fitted on the rotor shaft and
the other on the output shaft keep the gear case
sealed.
Hovewer, the interior can be inspected and
serviced by unbolting the two halves of the
aluminium gear case housing.
The gear reducer output shaft is connected to the
freezer auger by a ratched coupling which is
made of two toothed halves that engages
themselves only if turned in the correct direction
namely, conterclockwise.
L.
I.
FREEZING CYLINDER (EVAPORATOR)
The freezing cylinder is made of a stainless steel
vertical tube on which exterior is wrapped around
the cooling coil with the evaporating chamber
and in its interior is located the auger which
rotates on its vertical axis and it is maintained
aligned by the top and bottom bearings. A water
seal system is located in the bottom part of the
freezer while at the top end is fitted the ice
breaker.
The water constantly flowing into the cylinder
bottom part, freezes into ice when in contact with
the cylinder inner walls. The ice is then lifted up
by the rotating auger and compacted and forced
out by the ice breaker.
J.
ICE BREAKER
The ice breaker is fitted in the freezer upper part
it has two breaker teeth to break the ice and with
its slanted shape from the rear tooth to the front
one it compacts and forces the ice out in an
horizontal way. By undergoing this, the ice looses
its excess of water content so it drops into the bin
in hard dry bits of ice.
In the ice breaker it is housed the top bearing
which is made of two rolls bearings positioned to
withstand the auger axial and radial loads. This
bearing is lubricated with a food grade - water
resistant grease.
FAN MOTOR (Air cooled version)
The fan motor is controlled through the P.C.
BOARD and the TRIAC by the condenser temperature sensor. Normally it operates to draw cooling
air through the condenser fins.
In cold ambient situation, the fan motor can run at
intermittance as the condenser pressure must be
kept between two corresponding head pressure
values (8.5÷9.5 bars-120÷135 psig).
M. WATER REGULATING VALVE
(Water cooled version)
This valve controls the head pressure in the
refrigerant system by regulating the flow of water
going to the condenser.
As pressure increases, the water regulating valve opens to increase the flow of cooling water.
N. COMPRESSOR
The hermetic compressor is the heart of the
refrigerant system and it is used to circulate and
retrieve the refrigerant throughout the entire
system. It compresses the low pressure refrigerant
vapor causing its temperature to rise and become
high pressure hot vapor which is then released
through the discharge valve.
Page 24
Page 24
ADJUSTMENT, REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES
NOTE. Read the instructions thoroughly
before performing any of the following
adjustment or removal and replacement procedure.
A. ADJUSTEMENT OF THE EVAPORATOR
WATER LEVEL
The correct water level in the freezing cylinder is
about 25 mm. (1") below the ice discharge
opening. Low water level causes excessive strain
inside the freezer assembly due to a faster
freezing rate.
B. REPLACEMENT OF EVAPORATOR
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
1.
Remove the front and top panels.
2. Remove the insulation from the refrigerant
tubing, connecting the freezer to the accumulator,
to gain access to the sensor probe well and be
able to pull out from this well the sensor probe.
3. Trace the condenser sensor terminal plug
on the rear side of the control box and remove it
from its socket by carefully pulling out the terminal
plug securing clip.
4. To install the replacement evaporator sensor
follow the above steps in reverse.
C. REPLACEMENT OF CONDENSER
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
1.
Remove the front panel.
2. Trace the condenser sensor probe located
within the condenser fins on air cooled version
and withtrow it.
On water cooled version remove it by opening
the plastic strap (reusable) securing the probe to
the refrigerant liquid line.
3. Trace the condenser sensor terminal plug
on the rear side of the control box and remove it
from its socket by carefully pulling out the terminal
plug securing clip.
4. To install the replacement condenser sensor
follow the above steps in reverse.
When the water level is above or below the
correct one, adjustment can be performed to
Raise or Lower the water level by raising or
lowering at the measure required, the water
reservoir and its mounting bracket.
1. To Raise the water level:
a. Loosen and remove the screw securing the
mounting bracket of the water reservoir to the
unit cabinet and raise the water reservoir to the
correct level.
b. Thread the mounting screw in the
corresponding hole and tighten it.
2. To Lower the water level follow the above
indications to lower to the correct level the water
reservoir assembly.
WARNING. Be sure the electrical power
supply circuit breaker and the inlet water
supply are OFF, before starting any of the
following Removal and Replacement
procedures as a precaution to prevent
possible personal injury or damage to the
equipments.
NOTE. Both the condenser and the water
level sensors have the same terminal plug
and socket.
To avoid confusion when performing their
replacement pay attention to the different
colour of their terminal plug and socket.
D. REPLACEMENT OF THE ICE LEVEL
LIGHT CONTROL
1.
Remove the front and top panels.
2. Trace the ice level light control terminal plug
(black and with four terminal pins) on the rear
side of the control box and draw it out from its
socket by carefully slackening the fastening tie.
3. Unloose the two screws holding the optical
ice level control to the upper side of the spout and
remove it.
4. To install the replacement ice level light
control follow the above steps in reverse.
Page 25
Page 25
E.
1.
REPLACEMENT OF THE GEAR MOTOR
ROTATION AND SPEED SENSOR
Remove the front and top panel.
2. Unloose the three screws securing the plastic
cover to the gear motor speed sensor housing
and remove it.
3.
Remove the optical ice level control.
4. Pull loose the stainless steel spout from its
rubber gasket (grommet).
5. Unloose and remove the two screws and
separate the spout casting from the freezer
cylinder.
NOTE. At this time, inspect the spout gasket
and replace it if torn, cut or worn otherwise
retain it to be used again.
3. Unloose the two screws securing the sensor
to the plastic housing and withdraw it from its
seat.
4. Trace the gear motor speed sensor terminal
plug on the rear side of the control box and draw
it out from its socket by carefully slackening the
fastening tie.
6. To install the replacement spout follow
previous steps in reverse.
5. To install the replacement gear motor rotation
and speed sensor follow the above steps in
reverse.
I.
REPLACEMENT OF THE AUGER, WATER
SEAL, BEARINGS AND COUPLING
1.
Remove the front rear and top panel.
2. Follow the steps at item H to remove the ice
spout.
F. REPLACEMENT OF THE RESERVOIR
WATER LEVEL SENSOR
1.
Remove the front and top panel.
2. Unloose the two nuts securing the wire
leads to the two water level sensor rods located
on the water reservoir plastic cover.
3. Trace the water level sensor terminal plug
on the rear side of the control box and draw it out
from its socket by carefully slackening the
fastening tie.
4. To install the replacement water level sensor
follow the above steps in reverse.
3. Unloose and remove two screws and
washers holding tight the spout plate to the
freezing cylinder.
4. Grasp the wire cap hook at the top of the
freezer and pull out the auger and attached cap,
ice breaker, bearings and O rings, at the top of
the auger, and the top half of the water seal at the
auger bottom.
NOTE. If the auger cannot be pulled out,
proceed to steps 10 and 11 of this paragraph,
to gain access to the auger bottom. Then,
with a rowhide mallet or placing a piece of
wood on the bottom end of the auger, tap this
bottom to break loose the auger and be able
then to pull it out as in step 4 above.
G. REPLACEMENT OF P.C. BOARD
5. With a circlip plier remove the retaining ring
and cap hook from the ice breaker.
1.
6. Unloose and remove cap screw and remove
the ice breaker from the auger.
Remove front panel.
2. Remove all sensor terminal plugs, located
on the rear side of P.C. Board, by carefully
releasing them out from their sockets clips.
3. Disconnect the terminal board connection
plug from the rear side of P.C. BOARD then
unloose the four screws holding the same to the
plastic control box and remove it.
4. To install the replacement P.C. BOARD
follow the above steps on reverse.
H. REPLACEMENT OF THE ICE SPOUT
1.
Remove the top panel.
2. Slacken and remove the two metal straps
that hold tight the polystyre insulations against
the freezer upper part.
7. Clean away the old grease from the interior
of the ice breaker and inspect the conditions of
the O ring; if torn or worn replace it.
8. Inspect the bearing pressed into the top of
the ice breaker and if worn do not hesitate to
replace it.
WARNING. The top bearing assembly works
in critical conditions for what concern its
lubrication status as it is haused in the ice
breaker where the formation of a great
rate of condensation is usual. Therefore it
is important to apply on it an ample coating of Food grade Waterproof Grease
P/N 263612.00 before installing the breaker
and cap hook in place.
9. Slide off from the auger bottom the upper
half of the water seal.
Page 26
Page 26
NOTE. Any time the auger is removed for
replacement or inspection use extra care in
handling the water seal parts, so no dirt or
foreign matters are deposited on the surfaces
of the seal. If there is any doubt about the
effectiveness of the water seal or O ring do
not hesitate to REPLACE THEM.
10. Unloose and remove the three bolts and
lockwashers which attach the freezer assy to the
aluminium adaptor.
11. Raise the freezer assy off the adaptor, secure
it out of the way to allow room to work. Using a
suitable lenght and size wooden dowel or stick
inserted through the top of the open freezer, tap
the lower half of the water seal and the lower
bearing out the bottom of the freezer.
NOTE. It is good practice to replace the water
seal assy and both the top and the bottom
bearings any time the auger is removed.
To facilitate this, SCOTSMAN EUROPE
Service makes available a service Kit which
includes besides the above mentioned parts,
the ice breaker O ring and a can of food grade
waterproof grease.
K. REPLACEMENT OF FAN MOTOR
1.
Remove front and back panel.
2. Remove screws and yellow green ground
wire. Trace the electrical leads of fan motor and
disconnect them.
3. Remove the bolts securing the fan motor
bracket to the cabinet base and then remove the
assembly.
4. To install the replacement fan motor follow
the above steps in reverse.
NOTE. When installing a new fan motor
check that the fan blades do not touch any
surface and move freely.
L.
REPLACEMENT OF DRIER
1.
Remove front and back panel.
2. Recover the refrigerant from the system and
transfer it in a container so to reclaim or recycle
it.
12. Reach through the adaptor and remove the
coupling parts.
3. Unsolder the capillary tube and the refrigerant
line from the two ends of the drier.
13. Check both the coupling halves for chipping
and wear and do not hesitate to replace them.
4. To install the replacement drier remove
factory seals and solder the refrigerant lines and
the capillary tube taking precautions to NOT
OVERHEAT the drier body.
14. To install the ratched coupling, the water
seal, the bearings and auger follow previous
steps in reverse.
5. Thoroughly evacuate the system to remove
moisture and non condensable after drier
replacement.
J.
REPLACEMENT OF THE GEAR MOTOR
ASSY
6. Charge the system with refrigerant 134 A by
weight (see data plate of machine) and check for
leaks.
1.
Remove the rear and top panel.
7.
2. Remove the three bolts and washers
securing the gear reducer base to the unit chassis,
then remove bolts and lockwashers which attach
the bottom of the aluminium adaptor to the gear
reducer case cover.
3. Disconnect the electrical leads from the
electromagnetic safety device located on top of
drive motor.
Replace panels previously removed.
M. REPLACEMENT OF THE FREEZING
CYLINDER
1. Follow the steps at item H to remove the ice
spout.
4. Trace and disconnect the electric wires leads
of the drive motor. Lift and remove the entire gear
motor assembly.
2. Remove the clamp fastening the water hose
to the water inlet port of the freezer assy. Place
a water pan under this water inlet port then
disconnect the water hose and collect all water
flowing from freezer and from water hose.
5. To install the replacement gear motor assy
follow the above steps in reverse.
3. Withdraw the evaporator sensor probe from
the its holder as stated in item B.
Page 27
Page 27
4. Recover the refrigerant from the system and
transfer it in a container so to reclaim or recycle it.
5. Unsolder and disconnect the capillary tube
and the accumulator/suction line assy from the
outlet line of the freezing cylinder.
O. REPLACEMENT OF WATER COOLED
CONDENSER
1.
Remove front and left side panels.
2. Remove the condenser temperature sensor
probes from condenser.
6. Remove the three bolts and washers
securing the gear reducer base to the unit chassis,
then remove bolts and lockwashers which attach
the bottom of the aluminium adaptor to the gear
reducer case cover.
3. Remove bolts which secure the condenser
to the unit base.
7. Lift the freezer up and off the gear motor
assembly, then if necessary remove the
aluminium adaptor by removing the three
mounting screws and lockwashers.
5. Recover the refrigerant from the system and
transfer it in a container so to reclaim or recycle
it.
NOTE. It is imperative to install a replacement drier whenever the sealed refrigeration
system is open.
Do not replace the drier until all other repairs
or replacements have been completed.
4. Remove the corbin clamps and disconnect
the plastic hoses from the water cooled
condenser.
6. Unsolder the refrigerant lines from the
condenser and remove it from the unit.
NOTE. It is imperative to install a replacement drier whenever the sealed refrigeration
system is open.
Do not replace the drier until all other repairs
or replacements have been completed.
8. To install the replacement evaporator follow
the above steps in reverse.
NOTE. Thoroughly evacuate the system to
remove moisture and non condensables after
evaporator replacement.
7. To install the replacement condenser follow
the above steps in reverse.
NOTE. Thoroughly evacuate the system to
remove moisture and non condensables after
condenser replacement.
N. REPLACEMENT OF AIR COOLED
CONDENSER
1.
Remove front and back panel on model
2. Remove from the condenser fins the
condenser ambient temperature sensor probes.
3. Remove the two bolts attaching the
condenser to the base.
4. Recover the refrigerant from the system and
transfer it in a container so to reclaim or recycle it.
5. Unsolder the refrigerant lines from the
condenser and remove it from the unit.
P.
REPLACEMENT OF WATER
REGULATING VALVE
(WATER COOLED MODELS)
1.
Remove front and left side panels.
2 Close the shut-off valve on the water supply
line and disconnect it at the rear of the flaker.
3. Remove corbin clamp and disconnect the
water hose from the outlet of water regulating
valve.
4. Unloose the nut securing the water regulating
valve to the unit frame.
NOTE. It is imperative to install a replacement drier whenever the sealed refrigeration
system is open.
Do not replace the drier until all other repairs
or replacements have been completed.
6. To install the replacement condenser follow
the above steps in reverse.
NOTE. Thoroughly evacuate the system to
remove moisture and non condensables after
condenser replacement.
5. Recover the refrigerant from the system and
transfer it in a container so to reclaim or recycle
it.
6. Trace the water regulating valve capillary
tube and unsolder its end from the refrigerant line
then remove it from the unit.
NOTE. It is imperative to install a replacement drier whenever the sealed refrigeration
system is open.
Do not replace the drier until all other repairs
or replacements have been completed.
Page 28
7. To install the replacement water regulating
valve follow the above steps in reverse.
NOTE. Thoroughly evacuate the system to
remove moisture and non condensables after
water regulating valve replacement.
NOTE. The water flow that passes through
the valve can be adjusted by means of the
valve setting stem in order to have a
condensing pressure of 9.5 bars (138 psig).
Q. REPLACEMENT OF COMPRESSOR
1.
Remove back and front panels.
2. Remove the cover and disconnect the
electrical leads from the compressor junction
box.
3. Recover the refrigerant from the system and
transfer it in a container so to reclaim or recycle it.
Page 28
4. Unsolder and disconnect both the suction
line and the discharge line from the compressor.
5. Remove the four compressor mounting bolts
and the compressor from the unit base.
6. Unsolder suction and process header from
compressor and retain it to be used on new
compressor.
NOTE. It is imperative to install a replacement drier whenever the sealed refrigeration
system is open.
Do not replace the drier until all other repairs
or replacements have been completed.
7. To install the replacement compressor follow
the above steps in reverse.
NOTE. Thoroughly evacuate the system to
remove moisture and non condensables after
compressor replacement.
Page 29
Page 29
WIRING DIAGRAM
AIR AND WATER COOLED
230/50/1
GV
B
G
N
A
M
V
-
YELLOW GREEN
WHITE
GREY
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
GREEN
Page 30
Page 30
SERVICE DIAGNOSIS
SYMPTON
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SUGGESTED CORRECTION
Unit will not run
No LED lighted-up
Blown fuse in P.C.Board
Replace fuse & check for cause of
blown fuse
Master switch in OFF position
Turn switch to ON position
Inoperative P.C.Board
Replace P.C.Board
Loose electrical connections
Check wiring
Bin full yellow LED glows
Inoperative or dirty ice level control Replace or clean ice level control
Shortage of water yellow LED
glows
Shortage or too soft water
See remedies for shortage of water
or install a mineral salt metering
device
Red-alarm LED glows
High head pressure
Dirty condenser. Clean
Inoperative fan motor. Replace
Ambient temperature too low
Move unit in warmer location
Reverse rotation yellow LED blinks
Too hi evap. temperature
Shortage or lack of refrigerant
Check and charge refrigerant system
Reverse rotation yellow LED glows
Gear motor tends to run on reverse Check gear motor capacitor
Compressor cycles intermittently
Low ice production
Too low gear motor rotating speed
Check rotor bearings, freezer
bearings and interior of freezer for
scores. Replace whatever worn or
damaged.
No rotation of gear motor
Check for power to drive motor
(16 A fuses)
Check for stator winding
Gear motor starts and stop
after a while
Check for correct operation of drive
motor magnetic sensor
Check for correct magnetic capacity
of magnetic cylinder
Low voltage
Check circuit for overloading
Check voltage at the supply to the
building. If low, contact the power
company
Non-condensable gas in system
Purge the system
Compressor starting device with
Check for loose wires in starting
loose wires device
Capillary tube partially restricted
Blow charge, add new gas & drier,
after evacuating system with vacuum
pump
Moisture in the system
Same as above
Low water level in the freezer
Adjust to approx 20 mm below ice
spout
Shortage of refrigerant
Check for leaks & recharge
Pitted or stained auger surface
Clean or replace auger
Page 31
Page 31
SERVICE DIAGNOSIS
SYMPTON
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SUGGESTED CORRECTION
Wet ice
Ambinet temperature too high
Move unit to cooler location
High water level in the freezer
Lower to approx. 20 mm below
ice spout
Faulty compressor
Replace
Water not entering in the freezer
Air look in feed line to freezer.
Clogged feed line to freezer. Clean it
Gear stripped
Check and repair
Moisture in the system
Purge, replace drier and re-charge
Water seal leaking
Replace water seal
Water feed line to freezer leaking
Check and fasten hose clamp
Float valve not closing
Check and adjust float valve
setting screw
Rubber spout gasket leaking
Remove spout and replace gasket
Mineral or scale deposit on auger
and inner freezer walls
Remove and manually polish auger
and inner walls of freezer barrel
using emery paper
Low suction pressure
Add refrigerant to rise suction pressure
Water feed line to freezer clogged
Vent and clean it
Low water level into freezer
Adjust to approx. 20 mm below
ice spout
Worn rotor bearings
Check and replace
Shortage or poor lubricant in gear
case
Check for proper lubricant opening
gear case.
Top of gears must be covered
with lubricant
Gear case bearings and gear
racers worn out
Check and replace worn parts
Strainer at water inlet fitting clogged
Remove strainer and clean
Float reservoir water nozzle
clogged-up
Remove float valve and clean
nozzle
Machine runs but makes no ice
Water leaks
Excessive noise or chattering
Gear motor noise
Shortage of water
Page 32
Page 32
MAINTENANCE AND CLEANING INSTRUCTION
A. GENERAL
The periods and the procedures for maintenance
and cleaning are given as guides and are not to
be construed as absolute or invariable.
Cleaning, especially, will vary depending upon
local water and ambient conditions and the ice
volume produced; and, each icemaker must be
maintened individually, in accordance with its
particular location requirements.
9. Check the ice level control sensor to test
shut-off. Put your hand between the light source
and the receiver so to cut off the light beam for at
least 6 seconds.
This should cause the immediate extinguishing
of the RED LED located in the front face of P.C.
Board and, 6 seconds later, the total stopping of
the ice maker with the simultaneous light up of
the Full Bin Yellow LED.
Within few seconds from the removal of the hand
from between the sensor lights the ice maker
resume its operation.
B. ICEMAKER
The following maintenance should be scheduled
at least two times per year on these icemakers.
1.
Check and clean the water line strainer.
2. Remove the cover from the float reservoir care to do not damage the two water sensors and depress the float to make sure that a full
stream of water enters into the reservoir.
3. Check that the icemaker is levelled in side to
side and in front to rear directions.
4. Check that the water level in the water
reservoir is below the overflow but high enough
that it does not run out of the spout opening.
NOTE. The float must close positively the
incoming water flow when its fulcrum, housing
the setting screw, is perpendicular to the
water nozzle.
5. Clean the water system, water reservoir
and the interior of freezing cylinder using a
solution of SCOTSMAN Ice Machine Cleaner.
Refer to procedure C cleaning instructions and
after cleaning will indicate frequency and procedure to be followed in local areas.
NOTE. Cleaning requirements vary
according to the local water conditions and
individual user operation.
6. If required, polish the two sensor rods
secured to the float reservoir cover, heavy scale
sediment on them can be removed with the help
of a bit of SCOTSMAN Cleaner plain.
NOTE. The ice level control uses devices
that sense light, therefore they must be kept
clean enough so they can “see”.
Every month clean/wipe the sensing “eyes”
with a clean soft cloth.
10. Check for refrigerant leaks and for proper
frost line, which should frost as far as approx. 20
cm (8") from the compressor.
When doubtful about refrigerant charge, install
refrigerant gauges on corresponding Schräder
valves and check for correct refrigerant pressures.
(See Operating pressure at page 19 of this
manual).
11. Check that fan blades move freely and are
not touching any surfaces.
12. Remove the retaining ring and the hook and
cap from the top of the freezer assembly then
inspect the top bearing, wipe clean of all grease
and apply a coating of food grade water proof
grease P/N 263612.00
NOTE. It is recommended to use only food
grade and waterproof grease to lubricate the
freezer top bearing.
13. Check the quality of ice. Ice flakes should be
wet when formed, but will cure rapidily to normal
hardness in the bin.
NOTE. It is not abnormal for some water to
emerge from the ice spout with the flaker ice.
7. With the ice machine and fan motor OFF on
air cooled models, clean condenser using vacuum
cleaner, whisk broom or non metallic brush taking
care to do not damage the condenser/ambient
temperature sensor.
C. CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS OF WATER
SYSTEM
8. Check for water leaks and tighten drain line
connections. Pour water down bin drain line to
be sure that drain line is open and clear.
2. Remove all ice stored in the bin to prevent it
from getting contaminated with the cleaning
solution.
1. Switch OFF the Master disconnect switch
on the power line.
Page 33
3. Shut close the water shutoff valve on water
line.
4. Remove the top panels to gain access to the
water reservoir.
5. Remove the float reservoir cover and with a
piece of copper wire jump the two water level
sensors.
6. Place a water pan under the freezer water
inlet port, disconnect the water hose from this
port and allow the water from the freezer to flow
into the pan previously positioned.
Then refit the water hose to the freezer water
inlet port.
7. Prepare the cleaning solution by diluting in
a plastic container two or three liters of warm
water (45°-50°C) with a 0,2-0,3 liters of
SCOTSMAN Ice Machine Cleaner.
WARNING. The SCOTSMAN Ice Machine
Cleaner contains Phosphoric and
Hydroxyacetic acids. These compounds
are corrosive and may cause burns if
swallowed, DO NOT induce vomiting.
Give large amounts of water or milk. Call
Physician immediately. In case of external
contact flush with water. KEEP OUT OF
THE REACH OF CHILDREN
8. Switch ON the Master switch to start the unit
then pour the cleaning solution into the float
reservoir.
9. Wait for about three minutes for the unit to
start operating, then continue to slowly pour the
cleaning solution into the water reservoir taking
care to maintain the level just below the overflow.
Page 33
NOTE. The ice made with the cleaning
solution is slushy and coloured also, it may
tend to loose fluidity creating some resistence
in being elevated and extruded; this situation
can be heard by the creacking noise made by
the ice.
Should this occure it is recommended to stop
for few minutes the ice machine in order to
allow the ice in the freezer to partially melt.
10. When all the cleaning solution has been
used up, open the water shutoff valve to allow
new fresh water to flow into the reservoir. Let the
unit to continue to run until the ice resumes the
normal colour and hardness.
11. Stop the icemaker and pour warm water on
the ice deposited into the storage bin to melt it up.
NOTE. DO NOT use ice produced with the
cleaning solution. Be sure none remains in
the bin.
12. Pour into the water reservoir 1 cc. (approx
20 drops) of Scotsman Sanitiser (Antialgae P/N
264000.00) then switch the unit ON.
13. Left the unit running for approx 10 minutes
then remove the copper wire used to jump the
two sensors for the water level and place back
correctly the cover on the float reservoir.
NOTE. DO NOT use ice produced with the
sanitising solution.
14. With a sponge moisted with a sanitising
solution, wipe clean all the bin interior surfaces.
REMEMBER. To prevent the accumulation
of undesirable bacteria it is necessary to
sanitise the interior of the storage bin with an
anti-algae disinfectant solution every week.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement