iCarsoft AUTO OBDII/EOBD Scanner i810 User Manual in English..

iCarsoft AUTO OBDII/EOBD Scanner i810 User Manual in English..
iCarsoft i810
OBDII/EOBD scanner
INDEX
1.Safety Precautions and Warnings ................... 3
2. General Information...............................
Information............................... 5
2.1 OnOn-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II .................. 5
2.2 Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) ................ 6
2.3 Location of the Data Link Connector (DLC) ...... 7
2.4 OBD II Readiness Monitors ...................... 8
2.5 OBD II Monitor Readiness Statuses ............. 10
2.6 OBD II Definitions ............................ 11
3. Using the Scan Tool..............................
Tool.............................. 14
3.1 Tool Description .............................. 14
3.2 Specifications ................................ 15
3.3 Accessories Include ........................... 15
3.4 Product Troubleshooting ....................... 15
4. Software Function................................
Function................................ 17
4.1 System Configuration .......................... 18
4.2 DIAGNOSTIC REVIEW ............................. 21
4.3 DTC LOOKUP ....................................
.................................... 22
5. OBD II Diagnostics...............................
Diagnostics............................... 23
5.1 Read Trouble Code ............................. 24
5.2 Erasing Codes .................................
................................. 26
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
5.3 Read DataStream ............................... 28
5.4 Component test ................................ 30
5.5 Freeze Frame Data ............................. 31
5.6 O2 Sensor Monitoring Test ..................... 32
5.7 Vehicle Information ........................... 34
6.Software update................................
update..................................
.................................. 36
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1.Safety Precautions and Warnings
To prevent personal injury or damage to vehicles
and/or the scan tool. Read this instruction
manual first and observe the following safety
precautions at a minimum whenever working on a
vehicle.
·Always perform automotive testing in a safe
environment.
·Wear safety eye protection that meets ANSI
standards.
· Keep clothing, hair, hands, tools, test
equipment, etc. Away from all moving or hot
engine parts.
·Operate the vehicle in a well ventilated work
area: Exhaust gases are poisonous.
·Put blocks in front of the drive wheels and
never leave the vehicle unattended while
running tests.
·Use extreme caution when working around the
ignition coil, distributor cap, ignition
wires and spark plugs. Theses components
create hazardous voltages when the engine is
running.
·NEUTRAL (for manual transmission) and make
sure the sparking brake is engaged.
· Keep a fire extinguisher suitable for
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
gasoline/chemical/electrical fires nearby.
· Don’t connect or disconnect any test
equipment while the ignition is on or the
engine is running.
· Keep the scan tool dry, clean, free from
oil/water or grease. Use a mild detergent on
a clean cloth to clean the outside of the scan
tool, when necessary.
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2. General Information
2.1 OnOn-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II
The first generation of On-Board Diagnostics
(called OBD I) was developed by the California
Air Resources Board (ARB) and implemented in
1988 to monitor some of the emission control
components on vehicles. As technology evolved
and the desire to improve the On-Board
Diagnostics system increased. A new generation
of On-Broad Diagnostic system was developed.
This second generation of On-Broad Diagnostic
regulations is called “OBD II”
The OBD II system is designed to monitor
emission control systems and key engine
components by performing either continuous or
periodic tests of specific components and
vehicle conditions. When a problem is detected,
the OBD II system turns on a warning lamp (MIL)
on the vehicle instrument panel to alert the
driver typically by the phrase of “Check
Engine” or “Service Engine Soon”. The system
will also store important information about the
detected malfunction so that a technician can
accurately find and fix the problem. Here below
follow three pieces of such valuable
information:
1) Whether the Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL)
is commanded ‘on ‘or ‘off’
off’;
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2) Which, if any, Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs) are stored;
3) Readiness Monitor status.
status.
2.2 Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes are codes that
are stored by the on-board computer diagnostic
system in response to a problem found in the
vehicle. These codes identify a particular
problem area and are intended to provide you
with a guide as to where a fault might be
occurring within a vehicle. OBD II Diagnostic
Trouble Codes consist of a five-digit
alphanumeric code. The first character, a
letter, identifies which control system sets
the code. The other four characters, all
numbers, provide additional information on
where the DTC originated and the operating
conditions that caused it to set. Here below
is an example to illustrate the structure of
the digits:
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
2.3 Location of the Data Link Connector
Connector (DLC)
The DLC (Data Link Connector or Diagnostic
Link Connecter) is the standardized 16-cavity
connector where diagnostic scan tools
interface is 12 inches from the center of
instrument panel (dash), under or around the
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
driver’s side for most vehicles. If Data Link
Connector is not located under dashboard, a
label should be there telling location. For
some Asian and European vehicles, the DLC is
located behind the ashtray and the ashtray
must be removed to access the connector, if the
DLC cannot be found, refer to the vehicle’s
service manual for the location.
2.4 OBD II Readiness Monitors
An important part of a vehicle’s OBDII system
the Readiness Monitors, which are indicators
used to find out if all of the emissions
components have been evaluated by the OBD II
system. They are running periodic tests on
specific systems and components to ensure
that they are performing within allowable
limits.
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
Currently,
Currently there are eleven OBD II Readiness
Monitors (or/ I/M Monitors) defined by the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Not
all monitors are supported by all vehicles and
exact number of monitors in any vehicle
depends on the motor vehicle manufacturer’s
emissions control strategy.
Continuous Monitors – Some of the vehicle
components or systems are continuously tested
by the vehicle’s OBD II system, while others
are tested only under specific vehicle
operating conditions. The continuously
monitored components listed below are always
ready:
1) Misfire
2) Fuel System
3) Comprehensive Components
Components (CCM)
Once the vehicle is running the OBD II system
is continuously checking the above components,
monitoring key engine sensors, watching for
engine misfire, and monitoring fuel demands.
NonNon-Continuous Monitors – Unlike the
continuous monitors, many emissions and engine
system components require the vehicle to be
operated under specific conditions before the
monitor is ready. These monitors are termed
non-continuous monitors and are listed below:
1) EGR System
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
2) O2 Sensors
3) Catalyst
4) Evaporative
Evaporative System
5) O2 Sensor Heater
6) Secondary air
7) Heated Catalyst
8) A/C system
2.5 OBD II Monitor Readiness Statuses
OBD II systems must indicate whether or not
the vehicle’s PCM’s monitor system has
completed testing on each component.
Components that have been tested will be
reported as “Ready”, or “complete”,
meaning they have been tested by the OBD II
system. The purpose of recording readiness
states is to allow inspectors to determine if
vehicle’s OBD II system has tested all the
components and/or systems.
The power train control module (PCM) sets a
monitor to “Ready” or “Complete”, it will
remain in this state. A number of factors,
including erasing of diagnostic trouble codes
(DTCs) with a scan tool or a disconnected
battery, can result in Readiness Monitors
being set to “Not ready”. Since the three
continuous monitors are constantly
evaluating, they will be reported as
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
“Ready” all of the time. If testing of a
particular supported non-continuous monitor
has not been completed, the monitor status
will be reported as “Not Complete” or “Not
Ready.”
In order for the OBD monitor system to become
ready, the vehicle should be driven under a
variety of normal operating conditions. These
operating conditions may include a mix of
highway driving and stop and go, city type
driving, and at least one overnight-off period.
For specific information on getting your
vehicle’s OBD monitor system ready, please
consult your vehicle owner’s manual.
2.6 OBD II Definitions
Power train Control Module (PCM) -- OBD II
terminology for the on-board computer that
controls engine and drive train.
Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) -Malfunction Indicator Light (Service Engine
Soon, Check Engine) is a term used for the light
on the instrument panel. It is to alert the
driver and/or the repair technician that there
is a problem with one or more of vehicle's
systems and may cause emissions to exceed
federal standards. If the MIL illuminates with
a steady light, it indicates that a problem has
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been detected and the vehicle should be
serviced as soon as possible. Under certain
conditions, the dashboard light will blink or
flash. This indicates a severe problem and
flashing is intended to discourage vehicle
operation. The vehicle onboard diagnostic
system can not turn the MIL off until necessary
repairs are completed or the condition no
longer exists.
DTC -- Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) that
identifies which section of the emission
control system has malfunctioned.
Enabling Criteria -- Also termed Enabling
Conditions. They are the vehicle-specific
events or conditions that must occur within the
engine before the various monitors will set,
or run. Some monitors require the vehicle to
follow a prescribed “drive cycle” routine as
part of the enabling criteria. Drive cycles
vary among vehicles and for each monitor in any
particular vehicle.
OBD II Drive Cycle -- A specific mode of vehicle
operation that provides conditions required to
set all the readiness monitors applicable to
the vehicle to the “ready” condition. The
purpose of completing an OBD II drive cycle is
to force the vehicle to run its onboard
diagnosis. Some form of a drive cycle needs to
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be performed after DTCs have been erased from
the PCM’s memory or after the battery has been
disconnected. Running through a vehicle’s
complete drive cycle will “set” the
readiness monitors so that future faults can
be detected. Drive cycles vary depending on the
vehicle and the monitor that needs to be reset.
For vehicle specific drive cycle, consult the
vehicle’s Owner’s Manual. 7
Freeze Frame Data -- When an emissions related
fault occurs, the OBD II system not only sets
a code but also records a snapshot of the
vehicle operating parameters to help
identifying the problem. This set of values is
referred to as Freeze Frame Data and may
include important engine parameters such as
engine RPM, vehicle speed, air flow, engine
load, fuel pressure, fuel trim value, engine
coolant temperature, ignition timing advance,
or closed loop status.
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3. Using the Scan Tool
3.1 Tool Description
① DLC -- Data Link Connector (DLC), Use to
connect the scan tool to the vehicle;
② LCD DISPLAY -- Indicates test results. Color,
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320 x 240 pixel display with contrast adjustment
③ KEY BROAD – include [ ][ ][ ][ ][
]
[
] [HELP]
④ USB PORT -- Use to connect the scan tool to
PC;
3.2 Specifications
A) Display: Color, 320 x 240 pixel display with
contrast adjustment
B) Operation Temperature: -20 ℃ -- 75 ℃
C) Sto
Storage Temperature: -40 ℃ -- 120 ℃
D) Power: 8V -- 24V
E) Dimensions:
Length
Width
Height
135 mm
85 mm
26 mm
F) Weight
Net Weight:
eight: 250 g
Gross Weight:
eight: 450
450 g
3.3 Accessories Include
A) User’
User’s Manual – Instructions on tool
operations.
B) CD – Include User’s Manual, Update Software
and etc.
C) USB Cable – Used to upgrade the scan tool.
3.4 Product
Product Troubleshooting
Vehicle Linking Error
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
A communication error occurs if the scan tool
fails to communicate with the vehicle’s ECU
(Engine Control Unit). You need to do the
following to check up:
A) Verify that the ignition is ON;
B) Check if the scan tool’s OBD II connector
is securely connected to the vehicle’s DLC;
C) Verify that the vehicle is OBD2 compliant;
D) Turn the ignition off and wait for about 10
seconds. Turn the
E) Ignition back to on and continue the testing.
F) Verify the control module is not defective
Scan tool doesn’t power up
If the scan tool won’t power up or operates
incorrectly in any other way, you need to do the
following to check up:
A) Check if the scan tool’s OBD II connector
is securely connected to the vehicle’s DLC;
B) Check if the DLC pins are bent or broken.
Clean the DLC pins if necessary.
C) Check vehicle battery to make sure it is still
good with at least 8.0 volts.
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4. Software Function
Don’
’t connect or disconnect any test
CATION: Don
equipment with ignition oonn or engine running.
1) Turn the ignition off.
2) Locate the vehicle’s 16-pin Data Link
Connector (DLC)
3) Plug into the scan tool cable connector to the
vehicle's DLC ,the scan tool will be light.
As shown below
4) Turn the ignition on. Engine can be off or
running
5) Click any key to enter the Main Menu.
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USE the key [
press [
OBDII/EOBD scanner
][
] to select in the [Main Menu]
Menu] , and
] to select
4.1 System Configuration
Select [SYSTEM CONFIGUARATION] in the Main Menu and press
[
]. The screen will display the interface as shown
below:
The scanner allows you to make the following adjustments
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
and settings;
1) [LANGUAGE SETUP]:
SETUP]: Selects desired language.
Choose [LANGUAGE]
].
[LANGUAGE] and press [
The screen will display the interface as shown below:
You can press [
][
]key to choose the different
Language ,and then press [
] to confirm. The system will
Convert to the chosen language interface at once.
2) [SYSTEM INFORMATION]: show the system information
Choose [SYSTEM INFORMATION] and press [
].
The screen will display the interface as shown below:
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iCarsoft i810
Press [
OBDII/EOBD scanner
] or [
] to return the [Main menu]
menu]
3) [BEEPER]:
[BEEPER] ON / OFF the beep.
Choose [BEEPER] and press [
], the screen will display
the interface as shown below:
Press [
][
] to select, and press [
] to confirm.
4) [UNIT OF MEASURE]: change the units display mode.
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
Choose [UNIT OF MEASURE] and press [
], the screen will
display the interface as shown below:
Press [
][
] to select, and press [
] to confirm.
4.2 DIAGNOSTIC REVIEW
REVIEW
Select [DAIGNOSE REVIEW] in the Main Menu and press [
].
The screen will display the interface as shown below:
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Press [
][
OBDII/EOBD scanner
] to select, and press [
] to confirm.
There are three menu for select. Each menu save the data ,
you can select one to review. The last menu is clear all
data.
4.3 DTC LOOKUP
Select [DAIGNOSE REVIEW] in the Main Menu and press [
].
The screen will display the interface as shown below:
Enter the DTC number.
[
] and [
] use to change the DTC number;
[ ] and [ ] use to Select.
press [
] to confirm, it will show the DTC description.
As shown below:
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Press [
] or [
OBDII/EOBD scanner
] to return the [Main menu]
menu]
5. OBD II Diagnostics
Select [DIAGNOSE
].
DIAGNOSE] in Main Menu and press [
The screen will display a sequence of messages
displaying the OBDII protocols will be observed
on display until the vehicle protocol is
detected.
◆if
if the scan tool fails to communica
communication
cation with
the vehicle’
vehicle’s ECU, a “ERROR”
ERROR” message shows
up on the display
Communication error!
-- Please make sure:
1. System equipped?
2. Cable connect ok?
-- Maybe you can turn off the key, then turn
on the key, and try again.
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
When the scanner communicate with the vehicle, the
screen will display the [Diagnostic Menu],
Menu] as shown
below:
Press [
[
][
] to select, [
] and [
] to Page, and press
] to confirm.
5.1 Read Trouble Code
◆Reading Codes can be done with the key on
engine off (KOEO) or with the key on engine
running (KOER).
◆Stored Codes are also known as “hard codes”
or “permanent codes”. These codes cause the
control module to illuminate the malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL) when emission-related
fault occurs.
◆ Pending Codes are also referred to as
“maturing codes” or “continuous monitor
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codes”. They indicate problems that the
control module has detected during the current
or last driving cycle but are not considered
serious yet. Pending Codes will not turn on the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL). If the fault
does not occur within a certain number of
warm-up cycles, the code clears from memory.
select [Read Trouble Code]
] in [Diagnostic
Code] and press [
Menu]
Menu]. If there are some codes, the screen will display the
codes as show below:
According to the above figure to select different item by
pressing [
][
], and press [
25
] to confirm.
iCarsoft i810
Press [
OBDII/EOBD scanner
] or [
] to return the [Diagnostic menu]
View DTCs and their definitions on screen.
If there are no Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Codes present, the
display indicates “No
“No Trouble Code”
Code” Wait a few seconds
or press any OK to return to Diagnostic Menu.
Menu.
The control module number, sequence of the DTCs, total
number of codes detected and type of codes (Generic or
Manufacturer specific) will
will be observed on the upper right
hand corner of the display.
5.2 Erase Trouble Codes
CAUTION: Erasing the Diagnostic Trouble Codes
may allow the scan tool to delete not only the
codes from the vehicle’s onon-board computer,
but also “Freeze Frame” data and manufacturer
specific enhanced data. Further, the I/M
Readiness Monitor Status for all vehicle
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monitors is reset to Not Ready or Not Complete
status. Do not erase the codes before the system
has been checked completely by a technician.
This function is
is performed with key on engine
off (KOEO). Do not start the engine.
select [Erase Trouble Code] and press[
[
] in
[Diagnostic Menu]. the screen will display the interface
as shown below:
Press [
] or [
] to return the [Diagnostic menu]
Notes:
* Before performing this function. Make sure to retrieve
and record the trouble codes.
* After clearing, you should retrieve trouble codes once
more or turn ignition on and retrieve codes again. If there
are still some trouble codes for hard troubles, please find
the reason caused the trouble code firstly, and then
then solve
the problem. Now, the trouble codes can be erased.
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5.3 Read DataStream
The Read DataStream function allows viewing of
live or real time PID data of vehicle’s
computer module(s).
Press[
[
][
] to select [Read DataStream] in [Diagnostic
Menu] and press [
] to confirm. The screen will display
the interface as shown below.
Press [
press [
][
] to select, [
] and [
] to Page, and
] to confirm.
Notes:
You can select show all datastream or only show the
datastream which was selected by you.
Select [Display All Datastream],
Datastream] and Press[
[
] to enter
datastream data model, the screen will display the
interface as below:
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Data model
If appear [GRAPH],
[GRAPH] Press [
Press [
] to enter Graph mode.
[Diagnostic
agnostic Menu]
] to return [Diagnos
the screen will display the interface as below:
Graph model
Press [
] to return data model. Press [
29
] to return
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
[DIAGNOSTIC MENU].
5.4 Component test
The Component Test function allows initiating
a leak test for the vehicle's EVAP system. The
scan tool itself does not perform the leak test,
but commands the vehicle's onon-board computer to
start the test. Different vehicle manufacturers
might have different criteria and methods for
stopping the test once it has been started.
Before starting
starting the Component Test, refer to the
vehicle service manual for instructions to stop
the test.
select [Component Test] in the [Diagnostic Menu] and press
[
] to enter the activation function.
If the ECU support the function, the screen will show as
below:
press [
] to confirm, the screen will display the
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relative information about EVAP system. Some vehicles
manufacturers do not allow external devices to control
vehicles system. If the car support this function. It may
display as below:
Press [
] to return data model. Press [
] to return
5.5 Freeze Frame Data
When an emissionemission-related fault occurs, certain
vehicle conditions
conditions are recorded by the onon-board
computer. This information is referre
referred to as freeze
frame data. [freeze Frame data] is a snapshot
snapshot of
the operating
operating conditions at the time of
of an
emissionemission-related fau
fault.
ault.
select [Freeze Frame Data]
Data] in the [Diagnostic
[Diagnostic Menu]
Menu] and
press [
], the screen will display the interface as
shown below:
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Press [
[
][
OBDII/EOBD scanner
] to select, [
] to return and press [
] and [
] to Page, Press
] to confirm.
5.6 O2 Sensor Monitoring Test
-- OBD2 regulations set by SAE require that
relevant vehicles monitor and test the oxygen
(O2) sensors to identify problems related to
fuel efficiency and
and vehicle emissions. These
tests are not onon-demand tests and they are done
automatically when engine operating conditions
are within specified limits. These test results
are saved in the onon-board computer's memory.
-- The O2 Monitor Test function allows retrieval
retrieval
and viewing of O2 sensor monitor test results
for the most recently performed tests from the
vehicle's onon-board computer.
--- The O2 Monitor Test function is not supported
by vehicles which communicate using a controller
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area network (CAN). For O2
O2 Monitor Test results
of CANCAN-equipped vehicles, see chapter
“On“On-Board Mon. Test”.
Select [O2 Sensor Monit
Monitoring test] in [Diagnostic Menu],
Menu],
and press [
]. The screen will display as shown below:
Press [
][
] to select, [
[
] to return and press [
Notes:
] and [
] to Page, Press
] to confirm.
If the vehicle does not support the mode, an advisory
message will be displayed on the screen.
View test results of select O2 sensor
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Press [
[
][
OBDII/EOBD scanner
] to select, [
] and [
] to Page, Press
] to return.
5.7 Vehicle Information
The Vehicle Info. function enables retrieval of
Vehicle Identification No. (VIN), Calibration
ID(s), Calibration Verification Nos. (CVNs) and
InIn-use Performance tracking on 2000 and newer
vehicles that support Mode 9.
Select [Vehicle information]
information] in the [Diagnostic Menu],
Menu] and
Press [
]. The screen will display as shown below:
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Press [
OBDII/EOBD scanner
] to return data model. Press [
[Diagnostic Menu].
35
] to return
iCarsoft i810
OBDII/EOBD scanner
6.Software update
1. Setup Update tools
Put the CD in to PC and open. you can see the setup file
in the CD.
Double cli
click the [Setup file] to setup the tool.
Operate follow the instruc
instructions , and finish to setup.
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After finish setup , there is an
an icon
icon of scanner in desktop.
2. Run the update tool and Operate in accordance with
photographs
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a) Use the USB cable to connect i810 scanner with PC
b) Run the update software.
When the scanner is connected
connected with PC , the software will
show [USB
[USB CONNECTED],
CONNECTED], As below:
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OBDII/EOBD scanner
1) Click [Update] button.
2) Select update file and click [open] button.
3) Into the upgrade interface, wait for the end of upgrade
WARNNING:
Do not power off during upgrade!
Do not Plug or Unplug USB tools during upgrade!
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Start Update
Update
Waiting
Waiting for a few minutes. The software will update
the scanner tool.
Finish Update
When the update is finished , the screen on PC will
show as below.
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If update success, the software wil display [Update
success!]; if update not success, it will display [Update
fail! Try again].
Press [finish] , the scanner is already updated
updated ,and
,and you
can unplug the scanner from PC.
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