Service Manual ARCMASTER® 400 MST

Service Manual ARCMASTER® 400 MST
400 MST
ARCMASTER
®
INVERTER ARC WELDER
Art # A-07368
Service Manual
Version No: AA.03
Issue Date: May 22, 2006
460
Operating Features:
GMAW
FCAW
V
1/3
SMAW
Manual No.: 0-4944B
CAG
GTAW
PHASE
50 Hz
60
INVERTER
CC
CV
DC
208 230
V
V
WARNINGS
Read and understand this entire Manual and your employer’s safety practices before installing,
operating, or servicing the equipment.
While the information contained in this Manual represents the Manufacturer's best judgement,
the Manufacturer assumes no liability for its use.
ArcMaster 400 MST Inverter Arc Welder
Service Manual Number 0-4944B for:
Part Number 10-3072
Published by:
Thermadyne Corporation
82 Benning Street
West Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA 03784
(603) 298-5711
www.thermalarc.com
Copyright 2006 by
Thermadyne Corporation
All rights reserved.
Reproduction of this work, in whole or in part, without written permission of the publisher
is prohibited.
The publisher does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any
loss or damage caused by any error or omission in this Manual, whether such error
results from negligence, accident, or any other cause.
Publication Date: May 22, 2006
Record the following information for Warranty purposes:
Where Purchased:
___________________________________
Purchase Date:
___________________________________
Equipment Serial #:
___________________________________
i
CONTENTS
1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1
2
3
4
5
6
Notes, Cautions and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note, Attention et Avertissement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Precautions De Securite Importantes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Documents De Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1–1
1–1
1–2
1–3
1–3
1–5
2 INTRODUCTION AND DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Functional Block Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transporting Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. 1 Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. 2 Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Electrical Input Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. 1 Electrical Input Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. 2 Input Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 Duty Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2–1
2–1
2–2
2–2
2–2
2–2
2–2
2–2
2–3
2–4
2–4
3 OPERATOR CONTROLS
1
2
3
4
400 MST Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–1
Weld Parameter Descriptions for 400MST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–2
Weld Process selection for the 400MST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–3
Weld Parameter Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–3
4. 1 WELD (V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–3
4. 2 INDUCTANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–3
4. 3 HOT START. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
4. 4 WELD (A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
4. 5 ARC CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
4. 6 Weld Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–5
4. 7 Power Source Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–5
4 SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
1 Stick Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–1
2 LIFT TIG Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–1
3 MIG Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–1
5 ROUTINE MAINTENANCE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
6 BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
1 Solving MIG Problems Beyond the Welding Terminals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. 1 Porosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. 2 Inconsistent Wire Feed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 MIG Welding Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 TIG Welding Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 Stick Welding Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Power Source Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6–1
6–1
6–1
6–2
6–3
6–4
6–6
7 VOLTAGE REDUCTION DEVICE (VRD)
1 VRD Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–1
2 VRD Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–1
3 Switching VRD On/Off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–1
8 POWER SOURCE ERROR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
1 System-Level Fault Isolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–1
1. 1 Opening the Enclosure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–1
1. 2 Verification and Remedy to the Indicated Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–4
1.2. 1 E01 "Over-Temperature at the primary side" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–4
1.2. 2 E02 "Over-Temperature at the secondary side" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–5
1.2. 3 E03 "Primary Over-Current Failure" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–5
1.2. 4 E11 "High Input Voltage Failure" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–5
1.2. 5 E12 "Low Input Voltage Failure" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–6
1.2. 6 E14 "Low Input Voltage Warning". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–6
1.2. 7 E81 "Abnormal Input Voltage" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–6
1.2. 8 E82 "Rated voltage selection circuit abnormality". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–6
1.2. 9 E83 "Abnormal mains supply voltage" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–6
1.2. 10 E85 "Pre-Charge Error". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–7
1.2. 11 E94 "Thermistor Failure" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–7
1.2. 12 E99 "Initial Power Receiving" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–7
1. 3 Verification and Remedy to Failures without Indication Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–8
1.3. 1 "Cooling Fan Failure"
(Fan is not rotating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–8
1.3. 2 "Wire feeding failure or inconsistent wire delivery" (Wire feeder does not work) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–8
1.3. 3 "No weld output" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–9
1.3. 4 "Operating Panel Failure" (LED's do not light properly or weld settings cannot be establish.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–10
1. 4 Fault Isolation Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–10
1.4. 1 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–10
1.4. 2 Verification of the Power Input Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–11
1.4. 3 Power Supply Voltage Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–12
1.4. 4 Verification of the Cooling Fan, FAN1, Drive Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–12
1.4. 5 Verification of the primary Diode (D1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–13
1.4. 6 Verification of the secondary Diode (D2-7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–14
1.4. 7 Verification of the primary IGBT (Q1-24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–14
1.4. 8 Verification of No-load Voltage (No OCV). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–15
2 Subsystem Test and Replacement Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–17
2. 1 Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–17
2. 2 Test and Replacement Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–17
2. 3 Service Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–21
2.3. 1 Tools and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–21
2.3. 2 Notes of disassembly and assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–21
2. 4 Replacement Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–22
2.4. 1 PCB1 (WK-5493) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–22
2.4. 2 PCB2 (WK-5597) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–23
2.4. 3 PCB3 (WK-5548), PCB7 (WK-5689) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–24
2.4. 4 PCB4 (WK-4819) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–26
2.4. 5 PCB5 (WK-5696) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–26
2.4. 6 PCB6 (WK-5688) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–27
2.4. 7 PCB8 (WK-5479) and PCB9 (WK-5479) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–27
2.4. 8 PCB10 (WK-5479), PCB11 (WK-5479) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–28
2.4. 9 PCB12 (WK-5527) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–28
2.4. 10 PCB13 (WK-5528) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–29
2.4. 11 PCB14 (WK-5594) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–30
2.4. 12 PCB15 (WK-5606) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–31
2.4. 13 PCB16 (WK-4917) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–32
2.4. 14 PCB17 (WK-5699) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–33
2.4. 15 PCB18 (WK-5499) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–33
2.4. 16 Inductor (FCH1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–34
2.4. 17 Thermistor (TH1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–35
2.4. 18 Thermistor (TH2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–36
2.4. 19 Fan (FAN1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–36
2.4. 20 Switch (S1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–37
2.4. 21 Switch (S2 and S3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–38
CONTENTS
2.4. 22
2.4. 23
2.4. 24
2.4. 25
2.4. 26
2.4. 27
2.4. 28
2.4. 29
2.4. 30
2.4. 31
Current Sensor (HCT1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diode (D1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diode (D2, D4, D5, and D7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current Transformer (CT2 and CT3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reactor (L1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Molded Case Circuit Breaker (MCB1 and MCB2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistor (R2 and R3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transformer (T1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14-Pin Receptacle (CON1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19-Pin Receptacle (CON2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9–39
9–39
9–40
9–41
9–41
9–42
9–43
9–44
9–47
9–48
APPENDIX 1 SPARE PARTS LIST
1 Equipment Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–1
2 How To Use This Parts List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–1
APPENDIX 2 CONNECTION WIRING GUIDE
APPENDIX 3 INTERCONNECT DIAGRAM
APPENDIX 4 DIODE TESTING BASIC
ARCMASTER 400 MST
1.0 SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS
!
WARNING
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS KEEP
AWAY UNTIL CONSULTING YOUR DOCTOR. DO NOT LOSE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. READ OPERATING/INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE
INSTALLING, OPERATING OR SERVICING THIS EQUIPMENT.
Welding products and welding processes can cause serious injury or death, or damage to other equipment or property, if the operator does not
strictly observe all safety rules and take precautionary actions.
Safe practices have developed from past experience in the use of welding and cutting. These practices must be learned through study and
training before using this equipment. Some of these practices apply to equipment connected to power lines; other practices apply to engine
driven equipment. Anyone not having extensive training in welding and cutting practices should not attempt to weld.
Safe practices are outlined in the American National Standard Z49.1 entitled: SAFETY IN WELDING AND CUTTING. This publication and other
guides to what you should learn before operating this equipment are listed at the end of these safety precautions. HAVE ALL INSTALLATION,
OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR WORK PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED PEOPLE.
1.01
7. Use fully insulated electrode holders. Never dip holder in water to
cool it or lay it down on the ground or the work surface. Do not
touch holders connected to two welding machines at the same
time or touch other people with the holder or electrode.
Arc Welding Hazards
8. Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
9. Do not wrap cables around your body.
WARNING
10. Ground the workpiece to a good electrical (earth) ground.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
11. Do not touch electrode while in contact with the work (ground)
circuit.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks or
severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is electrically
live whenever the output is on. The input power circuit
and machine internal circuits are also live when power
is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the
wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts
touching the welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly
installed or improperly grounded equipment is a hazard.
12. Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once.
13. In confined spaces or damp locations, do not use a welder with
AC output unless it is equipped with a voltage reducer. Use
equipment with DC output.
14. Wear a safety harness to prevent falling if working above floor
level.
15. Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
1. Do not touch live electrical parts.
2. Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
3. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers.
WARNING
4. Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lock input power disconnect switch
open, or remove line fuses so power cannot be turned on
accidentally.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin; NOISE can damage
hearing. Arc rays from the welding process produce
intense heat and strong ultraviolet rays that can burn
eyes and skin. Noise from some processes can damage
hearing.
5. Properly install and ground this equipment according to its Owner’s
Manual and national, state, and local codes.
6. Turn off all equipment when not in use. Disconnect power to
equipment if it will be left unattended or out of service.
1. Wear a welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter (see
ANSI Z49.1 listed in Safety Standards) to protect your face and
eyes when welding or watching.
2. Wear approved safety glasses. Side shields recommended.
1
ARCMASTER 400 MST
3. Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash
and glare; warn others not to watch the arc.
WARNING
4. Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant
material (wool and leather) and foot protection.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
5. Use approved ear plugs or ear muffs if noise level is high.
Sparks and spatter fly off from the welding arc. The flying
sparks and hot metal, weld spatter, hot workpiece, and
hot equipment can cause fires and burns. Accidental
contact of electrode or welding wire to metal objects
can cause sparks, overheating, or fire.
WARNING
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous to your health.
1. Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing these
fumes and gases can be hazardous to your health.
2. Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
1. Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breath the fumes.
3. Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc.
If this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
2. If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at the arc to remove
welding fumes and gases.
4. Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
3. If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied respirator.
5. Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
4. Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and the
manufacturer’s instruction for metals, consumables, coatings, and
cleaners.
6. Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition
can cause fire on the hidden side.
7. Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks or drums.
5. Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Shielding gases used for
welding can displace air causing injury or death. Be sure the
breathing air is safe.
8. Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
9. Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
6. Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying
operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to
form highly toxic and irritating gases.
10. Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
7. Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the
weld area, the area is well ventilated, and if necessary, while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. The coatings and any metals
containing these elements can give off toxic fumes if welded.
Eye protection filter shade selector for welding or cutting
(goggles or helmet), from AWS A6.2-73.
Welding or cutting
Torch soldering
Torch brazing
Oxygen Cutting
Light
Medium
Heavy
Gas welding
Light
Medium
Heavy
Shielded metal-arc
Electrode Size
Filter
Welding or cutting
2
3 or 4
Under 1 in., 25 mm
1 to 6 in., 25-150 mm
Over 6 in., 150 mm
3 or 4
4 or 5
5 or 6
Under 1/8 in., 3 mm
1/8 to 1/2 in., 3-12 mm
Over 1/2 in., 12 mm
Under 5/32 in., 4 mm
5/32 to 1/4 in.,
Over 1/4 in., 6.4 mm
4 or 5
5 or 6
6 or 8
10
12
14
Electrode Size
Gas metal-arc
Non-ferrous base metal
All
Ferrous base metal
All
Gas tungsten arc welding
All
(TIG)
All
Atomic hydrogen welding
All
Carbon arc welding
All
Plasma arc welding
Carbon arc air gouging
Light
Heavy
Plasma arc cutting
Light Under 300 Amp
Medium 300 to 400 Amp
Heavy Over 400 Amp
2
Filter
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
9
12
14
ARCMASTER 400 MST
2. If used in a closed area, vent engine exhaust outside and away
from any building air intakes.
WARNING
WARNING
FLYING SPARKS AND HOT METAL can cause injury.
Chipping and grinding cause flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
ENGINE FUEL can cause fire or explosion.
Engine fuel is highly flammable.
1. Wear approved face shield or safety goggles. Side shields
recommended.
1. Stop engine before checking or adding fuel.
2. Wear proper body protection to protect skin.
2. Do not add fuel while smoking or if unit is near any sparks or
open flames.
WARNING
3. Allow engine to cool before fueling. If possible, check and add
fuel to cold engine before beginning job.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
4. Do not overfill tank — allow room for fuel to expand.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high pressure.
If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since gas cylinders
are normally part of the welding process, be sure to treat
them carefully.
5. Do not spill fuel. If fuel is spilled, clean up before starting engine.
WARNING
1. Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical
shocks, and arcs.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
2. Install and secure cylinders in an upright position by chaining
them to a stationary support or equipment cylinder rack to prevent
falling or tipping.
Moving parts, such as fans, rotors, and belts can cut fingers and hands
and catch loose clothing.
3. Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
1. Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards closed and
securely in place.
4. Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
2. Stop engine before installing or connecting unit.
5. Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and
fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
3. Have only qualified people remove guards or covers for
maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
6. Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
4. To prevent accidental starting during servicing, disconnect
negative (-) battery cable from battery.
7. Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
5. Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away from moving
parts.
8. Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-1 listed in Safety
Standards.
6. Reinstall panels or guards and close doors when servicing
is finished and before starting engine.
!
WARNING
WARNING
Engines can be dangerous.
SPARKS can cause BATTERY GASES TO EXPLODE;
BATTERY ACID can burn eyes and skin.
Batteries contain acid and generate explosive gases.
WARNING
1. Always wear a face shield when working on a battery.
2. Stop engine before disconnecting or connecting battery cables.
ENGINE EXHAUST GASES can kill.
3. Do not allow tools to cause sparks when working on a battery.
Engines produce harmful exhaust gases.
4. Do not use welder to charge batteries or jump start vehicles.
1. Use equipment outside in open, well-ventilated areas.
5. Observe correct polarity (+ and –) on batteries.
3
ARCMASTER 400 MST
1.02
Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding and Cutting, ANSI Standard Z49.1, from American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126.
WARNING
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, from Superintendent
of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402.
STEAM AND PRESSURIZED HOT COOLANT can burn
face, eyes, and skin.
The coolant in the radiator can be very hot and under
pressure.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and
Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from American Welding
Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126.
1. Do not remove radiator cap when engine is hot. Allow engine to cool.
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
2. Wear gloves and put a rag over cap area when removing cap.
3. Allow pressure to escape before completely removing cap.
!
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P1, from Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
WARNING
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
This product, when used for welding or cutting, produces
fumes or gases which contain chemicals know to the
State of California to cause birth defects and, in some
cases, cancer. (California Health & Safety code Sec.
25249.5 et seq.)
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, NFPA Standard 51B, from National
Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
NOTE
Considerations About Welding And The Effects of Low
Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
The following is a quotation from the General Conclusions Section of
the U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Biological Effects
of Power Frequency Electric & Magnetic Fields - Background Paper,
OTA-BP-E-63 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May
1989): “...there is now a very large volume of scientific findings based
on experiments at the cellular level and from studies with animals and
people which clearly establish that low frequency magnetic fields
interact with, and produce changes in, biological systems. While most
of this work is of very high quality, the results are complex. Current
scientific understanding does not yet allow us to interpret the evidence
in a single coherent framework. Even more frustrating, it does not yet
allow us to draw definite conclusions about questions of possible risk
or to offer clear science-based advice on strategies to minimize or
avoid potential risks.”
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures:
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cable around the body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from
body as practical.
ABOUT PACEMAKERS:
The above procedures are among those also normally
recommended for pacemaker wearers. Consult your
doctor for complete information.
4
ARCMASTER 400 MST
1.03
Precautions de Securite en Soudage à l’Arc
!
MISE EN GARDE
LE SOUDAGE A L’ARC EST DANGEREUX
PROTEGEZ-VOUS, AINSI QUE LES AUTRES, CONTRE LES BLESSURES GRAVES POSSIBLES OU LA MORT. NE LAISSEZ PAS LES ENFANTS
S’APPROCHER, NI LES PORTEURS DE STIMULATEUR CARDIAQUE (A MOINS QU’ILS N’AIENT CONSULTE UN MEDECIN). CONSERVEZ CES
INSTRUCTIONS. LISEZ LE MANUEL D’OPERATION OU LES INSTRUCTIONS AVANT D’INSTALLER, UTILISER OU ENTRETENIR CET EQUIPEMENT.
Les produits et procédés de soudage peuvent sauser des blessures graves ou la mort, de même que des dommages au reste du matériel et à la
propriété, si l’utilisateur n’adhère pas strictement à toutes les règles de sécurité et ne prend pas les précautions nécessaires.
En soudage et coupage, des pratiques sécuritaires se sont développées suite à l’expérience passée. Ces pratiques doivent être apprises par
étude ou entraînement avant d’utiliser l’equipement. Toute personne n’ayant pas suivi un entraînement intensif en soudage et coupage ne devrait
pas tenter de souder. Certaines pratiques concernent les équipements raccordés aux lignes d’alimentation alors que d’autres s’adressent aux
groupes électrogènes.
La norme Z49.1 de l’American National Standard, intitulée “SAFETY IN WELDING AND CUTTING” présente les pratiques sécuritaires à suivre.
Ce document ainsi que d’autres guides que vous devriez connaître avant d’utiliser cet équipement sont présentés à la fin de ces instructions de
sécurité.
SEULES DES PERSONNES QUALIFIEES DOIVENT FAIRE DES TRAVAUX D’INSTALLATION, DE REPARATION, D’ENTRETIEN ET D’ESSAI.
1.04
6. Arrêtez tout équipement après usage. Coupez l’alimentation de
l’équipement s’il est hors d’usage ou inutilisé.
Dangers Relatifs au Soudage à l’Arc
7. N’utilisez que des porte-électrodes bien isolés. Ne jamais plonger
les porte-électrodes dans l’eau pour les refroidir. Ne jamais les
laisser traîner par terre ou sur les pièces à souder. Ne touchez
pas aux porte-électrodes raccordés à deux sources de courant en
même temps. Ne jamais toucher quelqu’un d’autre avec l’électrode
ou le porte-électrode.
AVERTISSEMENT
8. N’utilisez pas de câbles électriques usés, endommagés, mal
épissés ou de section trop petite.
L’ELECTROCUTION PEUT ETRE MORTELLE.
9. N’enroulez pas de câbles électriques autour de votre corps.
10. N’utilisez qu’une bonne prise de masse pour la mise à la terre de
la pièce à souder.
Une décharge électrique peut tuer ou brûler gravement.
L’électrode et le circuit de soudage sont sous tension
dès la mise en circuit. Le circuit d’alimentation et les
circuits internes de l’équipement sont aussi sous tension dès la mise en marche. En soudage automatique
ou semi-automatique avec fil, ce dernier, le rouleau ou
la bobine de fil, le logement des galets d’entrainement
et toutes les pièces métalliques en contact avec le fil de
soudage sont sous tension. Un équipement
inadéquatement installé ou inadéquatement mis à la terre
est dangereux.
11. Ne touchez pas à l’électrode lorsqu’en contact avec le circuit de
soudage (terre).
12. N’utilisez que des équipements en bon état. Réparez ou remplacez
aussitôt les pièces endommagées.
13. Dans des espaces confinés ou mouillés, n’utilisez pas de source
de courant alternatif, à moins qu’il soit muni d’un réducteur de
tension. Utilisez plutôt une source de courant continu.
14. Portez un harnais de sécurité si vous travaillez en hauteur.
1. Ne touchez pas à des pièces sous tension.
15. Fermez solidement tous les panneaux et les capots.
2. Portez des gants et des vêtements isolants, secs et non troués.
3
Isolez-vous de la pièce à souder et de la mise à la terre au moyen
de tapis isolants ou autres.
4. Déconnectez la prise d’alimentation de l’équipement ou arrêtez le
moteur avant de l’installer ou d’en faire l’entretien. Bloquez le
commutateur en circuit ouvert ou enlevez les fusibles de
l’alimentation afin d’éviter une mise en marche accidentelle.
5. Veuillez à installer cet équipement et à le mettre à la terre selon le
manuel d’utilisation et les codes nationaux, provinciaux et locaux
applicables.
5
ARCMASTER 400 MST
AVERTISSEMENT
AVERTISSEMENT
LE RAYONNEMENT DE L’ARC PEUT BRÛLER LES YEUX
ET LA PEAU; LE BRUIT PEUT ENDOMMAGER L’OUIE.
LES VAPEURS ET LES FUMEES SONT DANGEREUSES
POUR LA SANTE.
L’arc de soudage produit une chaleur et des rayons
ultraviolets intenses, susceptibles de brûler les yeux et
la peau. Le bruit causé par certains procédés peut
endommager l’ouïe.
Le soudage dégage des vapeurs et des fumées
dangereuses à respirer.
1. Eloignez la tête des fumées pour éviter de les respirer.
1. Portez une casque de soudeur avec filtre oculaire de nuance
appropriée (consultez la norme ANSI Z49 indiquée ci-après) pour
vous protéger le visage et les yeux lorsque vous soudez ou que
vous observez l’exécution d’une soudure.
2. A l’intérieur, assurez-vous que l’aire de soudage est bien ventilée
ou que les fumées et les vapeurs sont aspirées à l’arc.
2. Portez des lunettes de sécurité approuvées. Des écrans latéraux
sont recommandés.
4. Lisez les fiches signalétiques et les consignes du fabricant relatives aux métaux, aux produits consummables, aux revêtements
et aux produits nettoyants.
3. Si la ventilation est inadequate, portez un respirateur à adduction
d’air approuvé.
3. Entourez l’aire de soudage de rideaux ou de cloisons pour protéger
les autres des coups d’arc ou de l’éblouissement; avertissez les
observateurs de ne pas regarder l’arc.
5. Ne travaillez dans un espace confiné que s’il est bien ventilé; sinon,
portez un respirateur à adduction d’air. Les gaz protecteurs de
soudage peuvent déplacer l’oxygène de l’air et ainsi causer des
malaises ou la mort. Assurez-vous que l’air est propre à la respiration.
4. Portez des vêtements en matériaux ignifuges et durables (laine et
cuir) et des chaussures de sécurité.
5. Portez un casque antibruit ou des bouchons d’oreille approuvés
lorsque le niveau de bruit est élevé.
6. Ne soudez pas à proximité d’opérations de dégraissage, de
nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et les rayons de l’arc
peuvent réagir avec des vapeurs et former des gaz hautement
toxiques et irritants.
SELECTION DES NUANCES DE FILTRES OCULAIRS POUR LA PROTECTION
DES YEUX EN COUPAGE ET SOUDAGE (selon AWS á 6.2-73)
Dimension d'électrode ou
Epiasseur de métal ou
Intensité de courant
Nuance de
filtre oculaire
Brassage tendre
au chalumeau
toutes conditions
2
Brassage fort
au chalumeau
toutes conditions
3 ou 4
Opération de coupage
ou soudage
Soudage á l'arc sous gaz
avec fil plein (GMAW)
métaux non-ferreux
toutes conditions
11
métaux ferreux
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes dimensions
12
Oxycoupage
mince
moins de 1 po. (25 mm)
moyen de 1 á 6 po. (25 á 150 mm)
épais
plus de 6 po. (150 mm)
3 ou 4
4 ou 5
5 ou 6
Soudage aux gaz
Dimension d'électrode ou
Nuance de
Epiasseur de métal ou
filtre oculaire
Intensité de courant
Opération de coupage
ou soudage
Soudage á l'arc sous gaz avec
électrode de tungstène (GTAW)
Soudage á l'hydrogène
atomique (AHW)
Soudage á l'arc avec
électrode de carbone (CAW)
Soudage á l'arc Plasma (PAW)
mince
moins de 1/8 po. (3 mm)
moyen de 1/8 á 1/2 po. (3 á 12 mm)
épais
Soudage á l'arc avec
électrode enrobees
(SMAW)
4 ou 5
Gougeage Air-Arc avec
électrode de carbone
5 ou 6
mince
12
plus de 1/2 po. (12 mm)
6 ou 8
épais
14
moins de 5/32 po. (4 mm)
10
5/32 á 1/4 po. (4 á 6.4 mm)
12
mince
moins de 300 amperès
9
plus de 1/4 po. (6.4 mm)
14
moyen
de 300 á 400 amperès
12
plus de 400 amperès
14
Coupage á l'arc Plasma (PAC)
épais
6
ARCMASTER 400 MST
7. Ne soudez des tôles galvanisées ou plaquées au plomb ou au
cadmium que si les zones à souder ont été grattées à fond, que si
l’espace est bien ventilé; si nécessaire portez un respirateur à adduction d’air. Car ces revêtements et tout métal qui contient ces
éléments peuvent dégager des fumées toxiques au moment du
soudage.
AVERTISSEMENT
LES ETINCELLES ET LES PROJECTIONS BRULANTES
PEUVENT CAUSER DES BLESSURES.
Le piquage et le meulage produisent des particules
métalliques volantes. En refroidissant, la soudure peut
projeter du éclats de laitier.
AVERTISSEMENT
LE SOUDAGE PEUT CAUSER UN INCENDIE OU UNE
EXPLOSION
1. Portez un écran facial ou des lunettes protectrices
approuvées. Des écrans latéraux sont recommandés.
L’arc produit des étincellies et des projections. Les
particules volantes, le métal chaud, les projections de
soudure et l’équipement surchauffé peuvent causer un
incendie et des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de
l’électrode ou du fil-électrode avec un objet métallique
peut provoquer des étincelles, un échauffement ou un
incendie.
2. Portez des vêtements appropriés pour protéger la peau.
AVERTISSEMENT
LES BOUTEILLES ENDOMMAGEES PEUVENT
EXPLOSER
1. Protégez-vous, ainsi que les autres, contre les étincelles et du
métal chaud.
Les bouteilles contiennent des gaz protecteurs sous
haute pression. Des bouteilles endommagées peuvent
exploser. Comme les bouteilles font normalement partie
du procédé de soudage, traitez-les avec soin.
2. Ne soudez pas dans un endroit où des particules volantes ou des
projections peuvent atteindre des matériaux inflammables.
3. Enlevez toutes matières inflammables dans un rayon de 10, 7
mètres autour de l’arc, ou couvrez-les soigneusement avec des
bâches approuvées.
1. Protégez les bouteilles de gaz comprimé contre les sources de
chaleur intense, les chocs et les arcs de soudage.
4. Méfiez-vous des projections brulantes de soudage susceptibles
de pénétrer dans des aires adjacentes par de petites ouvertures
ou fissures.
2. Enchainez verticalement les bouteilles à un support ou à un cadre
fixe pour les empêcher de tomber ou d’être renversées.
3. Eloignez les bouteilles de tout circuit électrique ou de tout soudage.
5. Méfiez-vous des incendies et gardez un extincteur à portée de la
main.
4. Empêchez tout contact entre une bouteille et une électrode de
soudage.
6. N’oubliez pas qu’une soudure réalisée sur un plafond, un plancher,
une cloison ou une paroi peut enflammer l’autre côté.
5. N’utilisez que des bouteilles de gaz protecteur, des détendeurs,
des boyauxs et des raccords conçus pour chaque application
spécifique; ces équipements et les pièces connexes doivent être
maintenus en bon état.
7. Ne soudez pas un récipient fermé, tel un réservoir ou un baril.
8. Connectez le câble de soudage le plus près possible de la zone
de soudage pour empêcher le courant de suivre un long parcours
inconnu, et prévenir ainsi les risques d’électrocution et d’incendie.
6. Ne placez pas le visage face à l’ouverture du robinet de la bouteille
lors de son ouverture.
9. Ne dégelez pas les tuyaux avec un source de courant.
7. Laissez en place le chapeau de bouteille sauf si en utilisation ou
lorsque raccordé pour utilisation.
10. Otez l’électrode du porte-électrode ou coupez le fil au tube-contact lorsqu’inutilisé après le soudage.
8. Lisez et respectez les consignes relatives aux bouteilles de gaz
comprimé et aux équipements connexes, ainsi que la publication
P-1 de la CGA, identifiée dans la liste de documents ci-dessous.
11. Portez des vêtements protecteurs non huileux, tels des gants en
cuir, une chemise épaisse, un pantalon revers, des bottines de
sécurité et un casque.
AVERTISSEMENT
LES MOTEURS PEUVENT ETRE DANGEREUX
LES GAZ D’ECHAPPEMENT DES MOTEURS PEUVENT
ETRE MORTELS.
Les moteurs produisent des gaz d’échappement nocifs.
7
ARCMASTER 400 MST
1. Utilisez l’équipement à l’extérieur dans des aires ouvertes et bien
ventilées.
Les accumulateurs contiennent de l’électrolyte acide et
dégagent des vapeurs explosives.
2. Si vous utilisez ces équipements dans un endroit confiné, les
fumées d’échappement doivent être envoyées à l’extérieur, loin
des prises d’air du bâtiment.
1. Portez toujours un écran facial en travaillant sur un accumu-lateur.
2. Arrêtez le moteur avant de connecter ou de déconnecter des câbles
d’accumulateur.
3. N’utilisez que des outils anti-étincelles pour travailler sur un
accumulateur.
AVERTISSEMENT
4. N’utilisez pas une source de courant de soudage pour charger
un accumulateur ou survolter momentanément un véhicule.
LE CARBURANT PEUR CAUSER UN INCENDIE OU UNE
EXPLOSION.
5. Utilisez la polarité correcte (+ et –) de l’accumulateur.
Le carburant est hautement inflammable.
1. Arrêtez le moteur avant de vérifier le niveau e carburant ou de
faire le plein.
2. Ne faites pas le plein en fumant ou proche d’une source d’étincelles
ou d’une flamme nue.
AVERTISSEMENT
3. Si c’est possible, laissez le moteur refroidir avant de faire le plein
de carburant ou d’en vérifier le niveau au début du soudage.
LA VAPEUR ET LE LIQUIDE DE REFROIDISSEMENT
BRULANT SOUS PRESSION PEUVENT BRULER LA
PEAU ET LES YEUX.
4. Ne faites pas le plein de carburant à ras bord: prévoyez de l’espace
pour son expansion.
Le liquide de refroidissement d’un radiateur peut être
brûlant et sous pression.
5. Faites attention de ne pas renverser de carburant. Nettoyez tout
carburant renversé avant de faire démarrer le moteur.
1. N’ôtez pas le bouchon de radiateur tant que le moteur n’est pas
refroidi.
AVERTISSEMENT
2. Mettez des gants et posez un torchon sur le bouchon pour l’ôter.
3. Laissez la pression s’échapper avant d’ôter complètement le
bouchon.
DES PIECES EN MOUVEMENT PEUVENT CAUSER DES
BLESSURES.
1.05
Des pièces en mouvement, tels des ventilateurs, des
rotors et des courroies peuvent couper doigts et mains,
ou accrocher des vêtements amples.
Principales Normes De Securite
Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme ANSI Z49.1, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33128.
1. Assurez-vous que les portes, les panneaux, les capots et les
protecteurs soient bien fermés.
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402.
2. Avant d’installer ou de connecter un système, arrêtez le moteur.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and
Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances, norme
AWS F4.1, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami,
FL 33128.
3. Seules des personnes qualifiées doivent démonter des protecteurs
ou des capots pour faire l’entretien ou le dépannage nécessaire.
4. Pour empêcher un démarrage accidentel pendant l’entretien,
débranchez le câble d’accumulateur à la borne négative.
National Electrical Code, norme 70 NFPA, National Fire Protection
Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
5. N’approchez pas les mains ou les cheveux de pièces en
mouvement; elles peuvent aussi accrocher des vêtements amples
et des outils.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, document P-1,
Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite
501, Arlington, VA 22202.
6. Réinstallez les capots ou les protecteurs et fermez les portes après
des travaux d’entretien et avant de faire démarrer le moteur.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme CSA W117.2 Association canadienne de normalisation, Standards Sales, 276 Rexdale
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face Protection, norme ANSI Z87.1, American National Standards Institute, 1430
Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
AVERTISSEMENT
DES ETINCELLES PEUVENT FAIRE EXPLOSER UN
ACCUMULATEUR; L’ELECTROLYTE D’UN ACCUMULATEUR PEUT BRULER LA PEAU ET LES YEUX.
Cutting and Welding Processes, norme 51B NFPA, National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
8
SYMBOL LEGEND
Amperage
STICK
(Shielded Metal Arc SMAW)
Voltage
Pulse Current Function
Hertz (frequency)
Spot Time (GTAW)
t
SEC
Seconds
Remote Control
(Panel/Remote)
%
Percent
Remote Function
DC (Direct Current)
Arc Control (SMAW)
AC (Alternating Current)
t2
Standard Function
t1
Slope Function
VRD
Gas Post-Flow
Gas Pre-Flow
Voltage Reduction Device
Circuit
Slope W/Repeat Function
Negative
Spot Function
Positive
Impulse Starting
(High Frequency GTAW)
Gas Input
Touch Start
(Lift Start TIG circuit GTAW)
Gas Output
2 INTRODUCTION AND DESCRIPTION
1 Description
INTRODUCTION AND DESCRIPTION
The Thermal Arc™ 400MST is a single & three-phase DC arc welding power source with Constant Current
(CC) and Constant Voltage (CV) output characteristics. This unit is equipped with a Digital Volt/Amperage, lift
arc starter for use with Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW), Arc Control and Hot Start for Shielded Metal Arc
Welding (SMAW), Inductance Control for Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) processes. The power source is
totally enclosed in an impact resistant, flame resistant and non-conductive plastic case.
(V)
OCV
(V)
OCV
(V)
OCV
34V
10V
18V
10V
160A
5A
400A 420A (A)
25A
400A
(A)
5A
400A 480A (A)
LIFT-TIG Process
STICK Process
MIG Process
Figure 2-1: Model 400MST volt-ampere curve
NOTE
Volt-Ampere curves show the maximum Voltage and Amperage output capabilities of the welding power
source. Curves of other settings will fall between the curves shown.
2 Functional Block Diagrams
Figure 2-2 illustrates the functional block diagram of the 400MST-power supply.
Input
Power
Input
Diode
Main
Circuit
Switch
Filter
Capacitor
DC Power
Primary
Voltage
Sensor
Down
Transformers
AC115V,AC24V
(T3)
Over
Current
Protect
IGBT
Inverter
Thermal
Detector
Hall Current
Output
Diodes
Thermal
Detector
Main
Transformers
(T1)
Transformer
(HCT1)
Output
Inductor
To each control circuit
+/-15VDC +18VDC
+24VDC +5VDC
Trouble
Sensing
Circuit
Thermal
Sensor
Circuit
Drive
Circuit
Stick Mode
VRD
Sensing
Circuit
Lift Tig Mode
Output Short
Sensing
Circuit
Primary
Circuit
Sensor
14PIN
Receptacle
(CON1)
Sequence
Control
Fan Control
Circuit
19PIN
Receptacle
(CON2)
Current
Adjustment
Circuit
Reference
Adjustment &
Mode select Switch
Panel Circuit Board
Figure 2-2: 400MST Model functional block diagram
2–1
14PIN-19PIN
Select Switch
(S3)
Fan
400MST
3 Transporting Methods
2 INTRODUCTION AND DESCRIPTION
4.2 Location
Be sure to locate the welder according to the following guidelines:
 In areas, free from moisture and dust.
 Ambient temperature between 0 degrees C to
40 degrees C.
 In areas, free from oil, steam and corrosive
gases.
 In areas, not subjected to abnormal vibration or
shock.
 In areas, not exposed to direct sunlight or rain.
 Place at a distance of 12" (304.79mm) or more
from walls or similar that could restrict natural
airflow for cooling.
These units are equipped with a handle for carrying
purposes.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill. DO NOT TOUCH live
electrical parts. Disconnect input power conductors
from de-energized supply line before moving the
welding power source.
WARNING
FALLING EQUIPMENT can cause serious personal injury and equipment damage.
WARNING
Lift unit with handle on top of case.
Thermal Arc advises that this equipment be electrically connected by a qualified electrician.
Use handcart or similar device of adequate capacity.
If using a fork lift vehicle, place and secure unit on
a proper skid before transporting.
5 Electrical Input Connections
4 Installation Recommendations
WARNING
4.1 Environment
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill; SIGNIFICANT DC
VOLTAGE is present after removal of input power.
The 400MST is designed for use in hazardous
environments.
DO NOT TOUCH live electrical parts.
SHUT DOWN welding power source, disconnect
input power employing lockout/tagging procedures.
Lockout/tagging procedures consist of padlocking
line disconnect switch in open position, removing
fuses from fuse box, or shutting off and red-tagging
circuit breaker or other disconnecting device.
Examples of environments with increased hazardous environments are a. In locations in which freedom of movement is
restricted, so that the operator is forced to perform the work in a cramped (kneeling, sitting or
lying) position with physical contact with conductive parts;
5.1 Electrical Input Requirements
b. In locations which are fully or partially limited
by conductive elements, and in which there is
a high risk of unavoidable or accidental contact
by the operator, or
Operate the welding power source from a single or
three-phase 50/60 Hz, AC power supply. The input
voltage must match one of the electrical input voltages shown on the input data label on the unit
nameplate. Contact the local electric utility for information about the type of electrical service available, how proper connections should be made, and
inspection required.
The line disconnect switch provides a safe and
convenient means to completely remove all electrical power from the welding power supply whenever
necessary to inspect or service the unit.
c. In wet or damp hot locations where humidity or
perspiration considerably reduces the skin
resistance of the human body and the insulation properties of accessories.
Environments with hazardous environments do not
include places where electrically conductive parts
in the near vicinity of the operator, which can cause
increased hazard, have been insulated.
2–2
400MST
2 INTRODUCTION AND DESCRIPTION
5.2 Input Power
NOTE
These units are equipped with a three-conductor
with earth power cable that is connected at the
welding power source end for single or three-phase
electrical input power.
Each unit incorporates an INRUSH circuit and input
voltage sensing circuit. When the MAIN SWITCH is
turned on, the inrush circuit provides a pre-charging of the input capacitors. At this point, the Bus
Voltages are checked and the welder is enabled
after the input capacitors have charged to full
operating voltage (after approximately 5 seconds).
Do not connect an input (WHITE, BLACK or RED)
conductor to the ground terminal.
Do not connect the ground (GREEN) conductor to
an input line terminal.
Refer to Figure 2-3 and:
1. Connect end of ground (GREEN) conductor to
a suitable ground. Use a grounding method
that complies with all applicable electrical
codes.
2. Connect ends of line 1 (BLACK) and line 2
(WHITE) and line 3 (RED) input conductors to
a de-energized line disconnect switch.
3. Use Table 1 and Table 2 as a guide to select
line fuses for the disconnect switch.
NOTE
Note the available input power. Damage to the
welder could occur if 575VAC or higher is applied.
The following 208-230/460V Primary Current recommendations are required to obtain the maximum
welding current and duty cycle from this welding
equipment:
Minimum Current & Duty Cycle
Primary
Primary
Model
Supply
Current
TIG STICK
Lead Size Circuit Size MIG
(Vin/Amps)
208/63
[email protected]
230/57
25%
460/29
8/4 AWG
208/49
[email protected]
minimum
3φ 230/44
25%
(Factory
460/22
Fitted)
208/67
[email protected]
230/61
400MST
25%
460/31
208/88 [email protected]
230/79 25%
208/67
8/3 AWG
[email protected]
1φ
minimum
25%
230/60
208/97
[email protected]
25%
230/87
-
NOTE
For Single-Phase operation connect the GREEN,
BLACK and WHITE input conductors. Insulate the
RED Conductor, it is not used for Single-phase
operation.
Input Voltage
Fuse Size
208 VAC
230 VAC
100 Amps
75 Amps
460 VAC
50 Amps
Table 2-1: Electrical Input Connections
NOTE
Fuse size is based on not more than 200 percent of
the rated input amperage of the welding power
source (Based on Article 630, National Electrical
Code).
Table 2-2: Primary Current Circuit sizes to achieve maximum current
Figure 2-3: Electrical input connections
2–3
400MST
6 Specifications
Parameter
Rated Output
Amperes
Volts
Duty Cycle
TIG
Duty Cycle
STICK
MIG
2 INTRODUCTION AND DESCRIPTION
notice. Such updates or changes do not entitle the
buyer of equipment previously sold or shipped to
the corresponding changes, updates, improvements or replacement of such items.
400MST
400
36
25%
400A / [email protected]%
300A / [email protected]%
200A / [email protected]%
400A / [email protected]%
300A / [email protected]%
200A / [email protected]%
400A / [email protected]%
300A / [email protected]%
200A / [email protected]%
7 Duty Cycle
The duty cycle of a welding power source is the
percentage of a ten (10) minute period that it can
be operated at a given output without causing overheating and damage to the unit. If the welding
amperes decrease, the duty cycle increases. If the
welding amperes are increased beyond the rated
output, the duty cycle will decrease.
WARNING
Output Current TIG
5-400A
Range
STICK
Output Voltage
MIG
5-36V
Range
Open Circuit Voltage
65V
Dimensions
8.27" (210mm)
Width
16.89" (420mm)
Height
17.72" (450mm)
Length
55.1 lb. 25.0 kg
Weight
[email protected] Load
Three-phase
Single-phase
208-230V
Rated Input Voltage 208-230/460V
400A
300A
Output Amperes
36V
32V
Output Volts
25%
25%
Duty Cycle
24.0
20.0
KVA
18.0
12.0
KW
[email protected] Load
0.5
KVA
0.13
KW
Input Volts Single
Amperage Draw
No Load
Phase
@Rated Load
97
2.4
208V
87
2.2
230V
Input Volts Three
Phase
67
1.4
208V
61
1.3
230V
31
0.7
460V
Exceeding the duty cycle ratings will cause the
thermal overload protection circuit to become energized and shut down the output until the unit has
cooled to normal operating temperature.
CAUTION
Continually exceeding the duty cycle ratings can
cause damage to the welding power source and
will void the manufactures warranty.
NOTE
Due to variations that can occur in manufactured
products, claimed performance, voltages, ratings,
all capacities, measurements, dimensions and
weights quoted are approximate only. Achievable
capacities and ratings in use and operation will
depend upon correct installation, use, applications,
maintenance and service.
Thermal Arc continuously strives to produce the
best product possible and therefore reserves the
right to change, improve or revise the specifications or design of this or any product without prior
2–4
3 OPERATOR CONTROLS
1 400MST Controls
1. Control Knob
This control sets the selected weld parameter,
rotating it clockwise increases the parameter
and is indicated on the digital meter. Pushing
the knob in previews the actual welding voltage while welding.
OPERATOR CONTROLS
2. Remote Control Socket
The 14 pin Remote Control Socket is used to
connect remote current control devices to the
welding Power Source. To make connections,
align keyway, insert plug, and rotate threaded
collar fully clockwise.
Socket
Function
Pin
A
24VAC auxiliary high side.
B
Input to energize solid state contactor (Contact
closure between pin A and pin B).
C
5k ohm (maximum) connection to 5k ohm
remote control potentiometer.
D
Zero ohm (minimum) connection to 5k ohm
remote control potentiometer.
E
Wiper arm connection to 5k ohm remote control
potentiometer.
F
G
H
I
Current feedback Ifb = 100Amps/Volt
24/115 VAC circuit common, also connected to
chassis.
Voltage Feedback Vfb = 10 Arc Volts/Volt
K
115 VAC auxiliary high side.
115 VAC input to energize solid state contactor
(Contact closure between pin I and pin J).
Chassis ground.
L
M
Not used.
Current Detect.
N
Current Detect.
J
3. Positive Terminal
Welding current flows from the Power Source
via heavy duty Dinse type terminal. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and
turned securely to achieve a sound electrical
connection.
4. Negative Terminal
Welding current flows from the Power Source
via heavy duty Dinse type terminal. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and
turned securely to achieve a sound electrical
connection.
Figure 3-1: 400MST Power Source
3–1
400MST
8. Voltage Input Select Switch (Smart Logic
Switch)
User selectable switch.
A manual slide switch selects the proper input
voltage range. If this slide switch is not set to
the position that matches the input line voltage,
the Smart Logic will inhibit the welding power
source from turning on and a warning indication will be displayed.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause
overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the bayonet terminal and /or melting of the housing (case).
5. Remote Control Socket
The 19 pin Remote Control Socket is used to
connect remote current control devices to the
welding Power Source. To make connections,
align keyway, insert plug, and rotate threaded
collar fully clockwise.
Socket
Pin
A
D
E
G
115 VAC auxiliary power high side.
Chassis ground.
H
J
Remote control maximum.
Remote control wiper (0 - 10 Volts).
K
J
Remote Control minimum.
Remote control wiper (0 - 10 Volts).
L
M
Control circuit common.
Arc Establish = +12 Volts
N
P
Control Circuit common.
24 VAC auxiliary power high side.
R
S
24/115 VAC neutral
N/C
T
U
N/C
Scaled output signal: Ifb = 100 Amps/Volt
V
N/C
B
C
WARNING
Do not alter the position of the Voltage Input Select
Switch when the ON/OFF Switch is in the ON position and the unit is powered up.
Function
Contactor circuit (+15 Volts).
Contactor circuit in, (closure between pin A and
Pin B will energize output.).
Scaled output voltage signal: Vfb = 10 Arc Volts/
Volt
24 VAC auxiliary power high side.
3 OPERATOR CONTROLS
9. 14/19 Pin Remote Control Select Switch
User selectable switch.
Position this switch for the remote control
device socket to be utilized. The unselected
Remote Control Socket is disabled at this time
and cannot be utilized. Do not alter the position of this switch while one of the Remote
Control Sockets is being utilized.
10. 24VAC Remote Device C/B
Push to reset. Controls the 24VAC power
source for the wire feeders controlled through
the Remote Control Sockets.
11. 115VAC Remote Device C/B
Push to reset. Controls the 115VAC power
source for the wire feeders controlled through
the Remote Control Sockets.
2 Weld Parameter Descriptions for 400MST
6. ON/OFF Switch
This switch connects the Primary supply voltage to the inverter when in the ON position.
This enables the Power Supply.
WARNING
When the welder is connected to the Primary supply voltage, the internal electrical components
may be at 720V potential with respect to earth.
7. Input Cable
The input cable connects the Primary supply
voltage to the equipment.
Figure 3-2: 400MST Front Panel with Parameter Description
3–2
400MST
3 OPERATOR CONTROLS
Parameter
Description
ARC CONTROL
This parameter provides a suitable
short circuit current in STICK
welding to improve electrode sticking
and arc stability.
HOT START
DC (A)
DC (V)
3 Weld Process selection for
the 400MST
Weld Mode
LIFT
Weld
STICK MIG
TIG
Parameter
This parameter operates in STICK
weld mode and is used to improve
the start characteristics for stick
electrodes. e.g. low hydrogen
electrodes. It sets the peak start
current on top of the (WELD)
current.
Weld Current (Amperage)- when lit
parameter knob sets the STICK and
TIG WELD current.
Weld Voltage (Volt) - when lit
parameter knob sets the MIG
voltage.
Contactor operation in Stick Mode.
WELD (V)
8
9
8
INDUCTANCE
8
9
8
HOT
START
9
8
8
WELD (A)
9
8
9
ARC
CONTROL
9
8
8
Description
Weld voltage MIG
Mode.
Inductance control
in MIG Mode.
Start current in
amps is added to
the WELD (A).
WELD (A) current
for STICK or LIFT
TIG.
Adjusts percentage
increase in welding
current and is
proportional to arc
length (arc voltage).
Table 3-2: Weld Process selection verses Weld Mode
Contactor ON/OFF
Selects mode of operation: Panel or
Remote.
4 Weld Parameter Descriptions
Operation
PANEL / REMOTE
INDUCTANCE
4.1 WELD (V)
This parameter, similar to the ARC
CONTROL in STICK mode, allows
for the adjustment of the dynamic
property of the arc. As the
inductance is increased the output
voltage may need to be adjusted to
achieve the desired weld
characteristics.
This parameter sets the MIG weld arc voltage in
MIG mode.
4.2 INDUCTANCE
This parameter sets the INDUCTANCE when MIG
welding. It controls the dynamic properties of the
arc in dip transfer welding mode. When this parameter is set to 0%, ie minimum inductance, the arc
has a fast response with a resulting crisp arc noise
and coarse spatter. When this parameter is set to
100%, ie maximum inductance, the arc has a slow
response with a resulting soft arc and fine spatter.
The SAVE/LOAD buttons are used
to save and retrieve a total number
of 5 programs into the 400MST
SAUVEGARDER CHARGER memory.
SAVE
LOAD
Table 3-1: Weld Parameter Descriptions for 400MST
NOTE
As the INDUCTANCE is increased, the WELD (V)
may need to be adjusted to achieve the desired
weld characteristic.
3–3
400MST
4.3 HOT START
3 OPERATOR CONTROLS
i) Root runs
During root runs the weld pool forms a "keyhole"
shape. If too much weld current is used, the hole
blows out and the weld collapses. If too little
weld current is used, the hole closes up and
penetration is lost. The size of the hole also
determines the arc length; ie as the hole gets
bigger, the arc gets longer.
This parameter operates in STICK mode and
improves the start characteristics for stick electrodes. e.g. low hydrogen electrodes. It sets the
peak start current on top of the WELD current.
e.g. HOT START current = 150 amps when Weld
Current = 100 amps & HOT START = 50A
If arc force is used, the increase in the arc
length causes the weld current to decrease until
the hole starts to close up but if the hole closes
up to much then the arc length decreases which
causes the weld current to increase. Too little or
too much arc force makes this process unstable.
The operator must adjust the arc force until a
happy medium is reached.
4.4 WELD (A)
This parameter sets the STICK & Lift TIG weld current.
4.5 ARC CONTROL
This parameter operates in STICK mode only and
is used to adjust percentage increase in welding
current and is proportional to arc length (arc voltage). This control provides an adjustable amount of
arc control (or dig). This feature can be particularly
beneficial in providing the operator with the ability
to compensate for variability in joint fit up in certain
situations with particular electrodes, eg cellulose
and hydrogen controlled electrodes. In all welding
processes, the amount of penetration obtained is
dependent on the welding current; ie the greater
the penetration, the greater the current.
Current Increase
Arc Force
when Arc Voltage is
Position
less than 18V
Effect on Welding
Performance
Minimum
(0)
0A
Soft arc, Low spatter,
Low penetration
Medium
(20%)
32A
Maximum
(100%)
160A
ii) Vertical up welding
When welding vertical up with arc force on, the
operator can control the amount of current by
changing arc length, ie voltage. Weld metal is
deposited by "digging" the electrode into the
side of the base metal joint and then increasing
the arc length with a flicking motion, to allow the
weld pool to freeze, before digging the electrode
into the other side of the base metal joint.
Without arc force, increasing the arc length does
not decrease the weld current sufficiently and
the operator has to manually decrease the current via a remote current control to freeze the
weld pool. This welding current reduction also
reduces the penetration.
The arc force allows the weld pool to freeze during
the "flick" phase without decreasing the amount of
weld current available during the "dig" phase thus
maximizing penetration.
Normal arc, Improved
fusion characteristics,
Normal penetration
Hard arc, Deep
penetration
Table 3-3: Weld Parameter Descriptions
In general, having the ARC CONTROL set at 100%
(maximum) allows greater penetration control to be
achieved. With the ARC CONTROL set at 0%
(minimum) the Power Source has a constant current characteristic. In other words, varying the arc
length does not significantly effect the welding current. When the ARC CONTROL set to 100%, it is
possible to control the welding current by varying
the arc length. This is very useful for controlling
penetration on root runs and side wall wash on vertical up fillet welds.
3–4
400MST
3 OPERATOR CONTROLS
4.6 Weld Parameters
Feature
Control Knob
Weld Mode
Parameter Factory Units of
Weld
Parameter Range Setting Increment STICK MIG LIFT
TIG
WELD (V) 10.0 to
17.0V
0.1V
8
9
8
MIG
36.0V DC
INDUCT0 to 100% 10%
1%
8
9
8
ANCE
HOT
0 to 70A
20A
1A
9
8
8
START
WELD (A)
1 to 400A
TIG or
80A
1A
9
8
9
DC
STICK
ARC
0 to 100%
CONTROL
10%
1%
9
8



8
Table 3-4: Weld Parameters
4.7 Power Source Features
Feature
Description
New Digital
Control
 All welding parameters are adjust-
Touch Panel
Switches
 Touch switches eliminate mechani-
Front Control
Cover
 Protects front panel controls.
able.
cal damage.
Digital Meter Volt  Displays selected weld parameter
value.
& Ammeter
 Displays average weld current
when welding.
 Displays average weld current for
20 seconds after weld has been
completed.
 A selected weld parameter value
can be adjusted at any time even
while welding.
Intelligent Fan
Control
 The intelligent cooling system is
ON/OFF switch
 Mains ON/OFF switch located on

designed to reduce dust and foreign material build-up, while providing optimum cooling.
 Fan speed reduces approximately
30 seconds after machine is turned
on.
 Fan speed increases when internal
components reach operating
temperature.
rear panel.
Voltage
 VRD fully complies to IEC 60974-1.
Reduction Device  VRD light is ON and operational
(VRD)
when in STICK mode.
3–5
Description
For the selected weld parameter,
rotating the knob clockwise
increases the parameter.
Rotating the knob counter clockwise decreases the parameter.
A selected weld parameter value
can be adjusted at any time even
while welding.
Pushing the knob in sets the
selected parameter then displays
the next parameter.
Self Diagnosis
Using Error
Codes
 An error code is displayed on the
Save/Load
function
 A total number of 5 programs can
Digital Meter when a problem
occurs with Mains supply voltage or
internal component problems.
be saved into the 400MST memory.
SAVE the Current Weld Parameters
into Memory
 Press the SAVE button.
 Select a memory location by rotating the control knob, 1 to 5 is displayed on the meter.
 After selecting the desired memory
location (ie. 1 to 5), press the
parameter button and the machine
give a beep to confirm the weld
parameters from the control panel
are saved.
LOAD (retrieve) a Program to
Control Panel
 Press the LOAD button.
 Select a memory location by rotating the control knob, 1 to 5 is displayed on the meter.
After selecting the desired memory
location (ie. 1 to 5), press the
parameter button and the machine
give a beep to confirm the weld
parameters are loaded onto the
control panel.
400MST
PAGE LEFT INTENTIONALLY BLANK
3–6
3 OPERATOR CONTROLS
4 SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
1 Stick Welding
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
NOTE: Parameter Buttons are used to select the
parameters to be set. The LED's show which function is being adjusted on the weld sequence graph.
Refer to Symbols Table located in the front of the
manual for Symbol descriptions.






1
7
Connect work lead to negative terminal.
Connect electrode lead to positive terminal.
Switch machine on.
Set weld current.
Set Contactor.
Connect remote control device if required.
Use the Scroll Buttons to move to the parameter to
be set. The LED will show which function is being
adjusted on the weld sequence graph. Use the
control knob to adjust each parameter.
2
4
 Set HOT START .
 Set ARC CONTROL.
 Set WELD current .
3
5
Commence welding.
6
Figure 4-1: 400MST Front Panel
2 LIFT TIG Welding
1. Contactor function - Pressing this button
enables Contactor functions.





2. Remote functions - Pressing this button
enables remote current functions.
3. Digital LED displays - Welding amperage, Voltage and parameter values are displayed in this
window. Internal warnings such as over temperature, low or high input voltage applied are
signaled to the operator by a warning sound
and error message on the screen.
Connect work lead to positive terminal.
Connect TIG torch to negative terminal.
Switch machine on.
Set weld current.
Connect remote control device if required.
Use the Scroll Buttons to move to the parameter to
be set. The LED will show which function is being
adjusted on the weld sequence graph. Use the
control knob to adjust each parameter.
4. Save/Load Buttons -By using the Save & Load
buttons the operator can easily save up to 5
welding parameter programs.
Commence welding.
3 MIG Welding
5. Control knob - Allows the operator to adjust the
output amperage/voltage within the entire
range of the power source, also used to set
each parameter value.







6. Process Button - This button selects between
STICK, Lift TIG, and MIG modes. MIG modes
include MS for mild steel and SS for stainless
steel.
7. Parameter Button. - This button selects
between HOT START, WELD CURRENT, and
ARC CONTROL while in STICK and Lift TIG
modes and selects between WELD VOLTAGE
and INDUCTANCE CONTROL while in MIG
mode. This button is also used in conjunction
with the Save/Load buttons to save and load
welding programs.
Connect work lead to negative terminal.
Connect electrode lead to positive terminal.
Switch machine on.
Set weld voltage.
Set Inductance.
Connect Wire feeder.
Set wire feed speed (IPM).
Use the Scroll Buttons to move to the parameter to
be set. The LED will show which function is being
adjusted on the weld sequence graph. Use the
control knob to adjust each parameter.
Commence welding.
4–1
5 ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
The only routine maintenance required for the
power supply is a thorough cleaning and inspection, with the frequency depending on the usage
and the operating environment.
WARNING
Disconnect primary power at the source before
opening the enclosure. Wait at least two minutes
before opening the enclosure to allow the primary
capacitors to discharge.
To clean the unit, open the enclosure (refer to
'Opening the Enclosure' section 9.1.1) and use
a vacuum cleaner to remove any accumulated dirt
and dust. The unit should also be wiped clean, if
necessary; with solvents that are recommended for
cleaning electrical apparatus.
CAUTION
Do not blow air into the power supply during cleaning. Blowing air into the unit can cause metal particles to interfere with sensitive electrical
components and cause damage to the unit.
5–1
6 BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
5. Welding dirty, oily, painted, oxidized or greasy plate.
BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
WARNING
Clean contaminates off the plate.
There are extremely dangerous voltages and
power levels present inside this product. Do not
attempt to open or repair unless you are an
Accredited Thermal Arc Service Agent and you
have had training in power measurements and
troubleshooting techniques.
6. Distance between the MIG torch nozzle and the
work piece.
Keep the distance between the MIG torch
nozzle and the work piece to a minimum.
7. Maintain the MIG torch in good working order.
If major complex subassemblies are faulty, then
the Welding Power Source must be returned to an
Accredited Thermal Arc Service Agent for repair.
The basic level of troubleshooting is that which can
be performed without special equipment or knowledge.
Ensure that the gas holes are not blocked
and gas is exiting out of the torch nozzle.
Do not restrict gas flow by allowing spatter
to build up inside the MIG torch nozzle.
Check that the MIG torch O-rings are not
damaged.
1 Solving MIG Problems
WARNING
Beyond the Welding Terminals
Disengage the drive roll when testing for gas flow
by ear.
1.2 Inconsistent Wire Feed
The general approach to fix Gas Metal Arc Welding
(GMAW) problems is to start at the wire spool then
work through to the MIG torch. There are two main
areas where problems occur with GMAW:
Checking the following points can reduce wirefeeding problems:
1. Wire spool brake is too tight.
1.1 Porosity
Feed roller driven by motor in the cabinet
will slip.
When there is a gas problem the result is usually
porosity within the weld metal. Porosity always
stems from some contaminant within the molten
weld pool which is in the process of escaping during solidification of the molten metal.
Contaminants range from no gas around the welding arc to dirt on the work piece surface. Porosity
can be reduced by checking the following points:
2. Wire spool brake is too loose.
Wire spool can unwind and tangle.
3. Worn or incorrect feed roller size.
Use 'U' groove drive feed roller matched to
the aluminium wire size you are welding.
Use 'V' groove drive feed roller matched to
the steel wire size you are welding.
1. Gas cylinder contents and flow meter.
Ensure that the gas cylinder is not empty
and the flow meter is correctly adjusted to
25 cubic feet per hour.
Use 'knurled V' groove drive feed roller
matched to the flux cored wire size you are
welding.
2. Gas leaks.
Check for gas leaks between the regulator/
cylinder connection and in the gas hose to
the Wire Feeder. Internal gas hose in the
Wire Feeder.
4. Misalignment of inlet/outlet guides.
Wire will rub against the misaligned guides
and reduce wire feedability.
5. Liner blocked with wire debris.
3. Internal gas hose in the Wire Feeder.
Ensure the hose from the solenoid valve to
the MIG torch adapter has not fractured and
that it is connected to the MIG torch adapter.
Wire debris is produced by the wire passing
through the feed roller, if excessive pressure
is applied to the pressure roller adjuster.
Wire debris can also be produced by the
wire passing through an incorrect feed roller
groove shape or size.
4. Welding in a windy environment.
Shield the weld area from the wind or
increase the gas flow.
6–1
400MST
6 BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
Wire debris is fed into the liner where it
accumulates thus reducing wire feedability.
heated. A contact tip designed for soft electrode wires should be used.
6. Incorrect or worn contact tip.
The contact tip transfers the weld current to
the electrode wire. If the hole in the contact
tip is to large then arcing may occur inside
the contact tip resulting in the electrode wire
jamming in the contact tip.
When using soft electrode wire such as aluminium it may become jammed in the contact tip due to expansion of the wire when
7. Poor work lead contact to work piece.
If the work lead has a poor electrical contact
to the work piece then the connection point
will heat up and result in a reduction of
power at the arc.
8. Bent liner.
This will cause friction between the wire and
the liner thus reducing wire feedability.
2 MIG Welding Problems
Description
1 Undercut.
Possible Cause
A Welding arc voltage too high.
B Incorrect torch angle.
C Excessive heat input.
2 Lack of penetration.
A Welding current too low.
B Joint preparation too narrow or gap too
tight.
C Shielding gas incorrect.
3 Lack of fusion.
Voltage too low.
4 Excessive spatter.
A Voltage too high.
B Voltage too low.
5 Irregular weld shape.
A Incorrect voltage and current settings.
Convex, voltage too low. Concave,
voltage too high.
B Wire is wandering.
C Incorrect shielding gas.
D Insufficient or excessive heat input.
6 Weld cracking.
A Weld beads too small.
B Weld penetration narrow and deep.
C Excessive weld stresses.
D Excessive voltage.
E Cooling rate too fast.
6–2
Remedy
A Reduce WELD (V) control or increase the
wire feed speed.
B Adjust angle.
C Increase the torch travel speed and/or
reduce welding current by reducing the
WELD (V) control or reducing the wire
feed speed.
A Increase welding current by increasing
wire feed speed and increasing WELD
(V) control.
B Increase joint angle or gap.
C Change to a gas which gives higher
penetration.
Increase WELD (V) control.
A Lower the voltage by reducing the WELD
(V) control or increase wirespeed control.
B Raise the voltage by increasing the
WELD (V) control or reduce wirespeed
control.
A Adjust voltage and current by adjusting
the WELD (V) control and the wirespeed
control.
B Replace contact tip.
C Check shielding gas.
D Adjust the wirespeed control or the
voltage selection switches.
A Decrease travel speed.
B Reduce current and voltage and increase
MIG torch travel speed or select a lower
penetration shielding gas.
C Increase weld metal strength or revise
design.
D Decrease voltage by reducing the WELD
(V) control.
E Slow the cooling rate by preheating part
to be welded or cool slowly.
400MST
6 BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
Description
7 Cold weld puddle.
Possible Cause
A Faulty rectifier unit.
B Loose welding cable connection.
C Low Primary Voltage.
8 Arc does not have a
crisp sound, that short
arc exhibits, when the
wirefeed speed and
voltage are adjusted
correctly.
The MIG torch has been connected to the
wrong voltage polarity on the front panel.
Remedy
A Have an Accredited Thermal Arc Service
Agent to test then replace the faulty
component.
B Check all welding cable connections.
C Contact supply authority.
Connect the MIG torch to the positive (+)
welding terminal for solid wires and gas
shielded flux cored wires. Refer to the
electrode wire manufacturer for the correct
polarity.
3 TIG Welding Problems
Weld quality is dependent on the selection of the correct consumables, maintenance of equipment and
proper welding technique.
Description
1 Excessive beard buildup or poor penetration
or poor fusion at edges
of weld.
2 Weld bead too wide
and flat or undercut at
edges of weld or
excessive burn through.
3 Weld bead too small or
insufficient penetration
or ripples in bead are
widely spaced apart.
4 Weld bead too wide or
excessive bead build up
or excessive
penetration in butt joint.
5 Uneven leg length in
fillet joint.
6 Electrode melts when
arc is struck.
Possible Cause
Welding current is too low.
Remedy
Increase weld current and/or faulty joint
preparation.
Welding current is too high.
Decrease weld current.
Travel speed too fast.
Reduce travel speed.
Travel speed too slow.
Increase travel speed.
Wrong placement of filler rod.
Re-position filler rod.
7 Dirty weld pool.
A Electrode contaminated through contact
with work piece or filler rod material.
B Gas contaminated with air.
8 Electrode melts or
oxidizes when an arc is
struck.
A No gas flowing to welding region.
A Electrode is connected to the '+' terminal. A Connect the electrode to the '-' terminal.
B Torch is clogged with dust.
C Gas hose is cut.
D Gas passage contains impurities.
E Gas regulator turned off.
F Torch valve is turned off.
G The electrode is too small for the welding
current.
6–3
A Clean the electrode by grinding off the
contaminates.
B Check gas lines for cuts and loose fitting
or change gas cylinder.
A Check the gas lines for kinks or breaks
and gas cylinder contents.
B Clean torch. Replace gas hose.
D Disconnect gas hose from torch then
raise gas pressure and blow out
impurities.
E Turn on.
F Turn on.
G Increase electrode diameter or reduce
the welding current.
400MST
6 BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
Description
9 Poor weld finish.
Possible Cause
Inadequate shielding gas.
Remedy
Increase gas flow or check gas line for gas
flow problems.
10 Arc flutters during TIG
welding.
A Tungsten electrode is too large for the
welding current.
B Absence of oxides in the weld pool.
11 Welding arc can not be
established.
A Work clamp is not connected to the work
piece or the work/torch leads are not
connected to the right welding terminals.
B Torch lead is disconnected.
C Gas flow incorrectly set, cylinder empty
or the torch valve is off.
A Select the right size electrode. Refer to
Basic TIG Welding guide.
B Refer Basic TIG Welding Guide for ways
to reduce arc flutter.
A Connect the work clamp to the work
piece or connect the work/torch leads to
the right welding terminals.
B Connect it to the '-' terminal.
C Select the right flow rate, change
cylinders or turn torch valve on.
12 Arc start is not smooth.
A Tungsten electrode is too large for the
welding current.
B The wrong electrode is being used for the
welding job.
C Gas flow rate is too high.
D Incorrect shielding gas is being used.
E Poor work clamp connection to work
piece.
A Select the right size electrode. Refer to
Basic TIG Welding Guide.
B Select the right electrode type. Refer to
Basic TIG Welding Guide.
C Select the correct rate for the welding job.
Refer to Basic TIG Welding Guide.
D Select the right shielding gas. Refer to
Basic TIG Welding Guide.
E Improve connection to work piece.
4 Stick Welding Problems
Description
1 Gas pockets or voids in
weld metal (Porosity).
Possible Cause
Remedy
A Electrodes are damp.
B Welding current is too high.
A Dry electrodes before use.
B Reduce welding current.
C Surface impurities such as oil, grease,
paint, etc.
C Clean joint before welding.
2 Crack occurring in weld A Rigidity of joint.
metal soon after
B Insufficient throat thickness.
solidification
C Cooling rate is too high.
commences.
A Redesign to relieve weld joint of severe
stresses or use crack resistance
electrodes.
B Travel slightly slower to allow greater
build up in throat.
C Preheat plate and cool slowly.
3 A gap is left by failure
of the weld metal to fill
the root of the weld.
A Welding current is too low.
A Increase welding current.
B Electrode too large for joint.
B Use smaller diameter electrode.
C Insufficient gap.
D Incorrect sequence.
C Allow wider gap.
D Use correct build-up sequence.
Incorrect sequence
Insufficient gap
Figure 6-1: Example of insufficient gap or incorrect sequence
6–4
400MST
6 BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
Description
Possible Cause
Remedy
4 Portions of the weld run A Small electrodes used on heavy cold
do not fuse to the
plate.
surface of the metal or B Welding current is too low.
edge of the joint.
C Wrong electrode angle.
A Use larger electrodes and pre-heat the
plate.
B Increase welding current.
C Adjust angle so the welding arc is
directed more into the base metal.
D Reduce travel speed of electrode.
D Travel speed of electrode is too high.
E Scale or dirt on joint surface.
E Clean surface before welding.
Lack of fusion caused by dirt,
electrode angle incorrect, rate
of travel too high
Lack of inter-run Fusion
Lack of side fusion, scale
dirt, small electrode,
amperage too low
Lack of Root Fusion
Figure 6-2: Example of lack of fusion
Description
Possible Cause
5 Non-metallic particles
are trapped in the weld
metal (slag inclusion).
A Non-metallic particles may be trapped in
undercut from previous run.
B Joint preparation too restricted.
C
D
E
F
Remedy
A If bad undercut is present, clean slag out
and cover with a run from a smaller
diameter electrode.
B
Allow for adequate penetration and room
Irregular deposits allow slag to be
for
cleaning out the slag.
trapped.
C
If
very
bad, chip or grind out irregularities.
Lack of penetration with slag trapped
D Use smaller electrode with sufficient
beneath weld bead.
current to give adequate penetration.
Rust or mill scale is preventing full fusion.
Use suitable tools to remove all slag from
Wrong electrode for position in which
corners.
welding is done.
E Clean joint before welding.
F Use electrodes designed for position in
which welding is done, otherwise proper
control of slag is difficult.
Not cleaned, or
incorrect electrode
Slag trapped in
undercut
Slag trapped in root
Figure 6-3: Examples of slag inclusion
6–5
400MST
6 BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
5 Power Source Problems
Description
Possible Cause
1 The welding arc cannot A The Primary supply voltage has not been
be established.
switched ON.
B The Welding Power Source switch is
switched OFF.
C Loose connections internally.
Remedy
A Switch ON the Primary supply voltage.
B Switch ON the Welding Power Source.
C Have an Accredited Thermal Arc Service
Agent repair the connection.
2 Maximum output
welding current can not
be achieved with
nominal Mains supply
voltage.
Defective control circuit.
Have an Accredited Thermal Arc Service
Agent inspect then repair the welder.
3 Welding current
reduces when welding.
Poor work lead connection to the work piece. Ensure that the work lead has a positive
electrical connection to the work piece.
4 No gas flow when the
torch trigger switch is
depressed.
A Gas hose is cut.
A Replace gas hose.
B Gas passage contains impurities.
C Gas regulator turned off.
B Disconnect gas hose from the rear of
Power Source then raise gas pressure
and blow out impurities.
C Turn gas regulator on.
D Torch trigger switch lead is disconnected
or switch/cable is faulty.
5 Gas flow won't shut off. A Weld Mode (STD, SLOPE, REPEAT or
SPOT) was changed before POST-FLOW
gas time had finished.
B Gas valve is faulty.
C Gas valve jammed open.
D POST-FLOW control is set to 60 sec.
6 The TIG electrode has The Weld Process Mode (STICK, HF TIG or
been contaminated due LIFT TIG) was changed before POST-FLOW
to the gas flow shutting gas time had finished.
off before the
programmed POSTFLOW time has elapse.
6–6
D Reconnect lead or repair faulty switch/
cable.
A Strike an arc to complete the weld cycle.
OR Switch machine off then on to reset
solenoid valve sequence.
B Have an Accredited Thermal Arc Service
Agent replace gas valve.
C Have an Accredited Thermal Arc Service
Agent repair or replace gas valve.
D Reduce POST-FLOW time.
Do not change Weld Process Mode before
the POST-FLOW gas time had finished.
7 VOLTAGE REDUCTION DEVICE (VRD)
1 VRD Specification
Description
VRD Open
Circuit Voltage
ArcMaster
400MST
15.3 to
19.8V
3 Switching VRD On/Off
Voltage Reduction Device (VRD)
Switch the machine Off.
a. Remove the clear plastic cover from the control
panel (see Figure 7-1).
 Lift up the cover so it rests on the top of the
unit.
 Place a small flat bladed screw driver between
the cover hinge on the front panel.
 Gently lift the cover hinge out of the front cover
mounting hole.
 Remove the control's clear plastic cover.
Notes
Open circuit voltage
between welding
terminals.
The required resistance
148 to 193 between welding
VRD Resistanc.
ohms
terminals to turn ON the
welding power.
VRD Turn OFF
Time
0.2 to 0.3
seconds
The time taken to turn
OFF the welding power
once the welding current
has stopped.
2 VRD Maintenance
2
2
Routine inspection and testing (power source)
An inspection of the power source, an insulation
resistance test and an earth resistance test shall
be carried out.
3
a. For transportable equipment, at least once
every 3 months
1
b. For fixed equipment, at least once every 12
months.
The owners of the equipment shall keep a suitable
record of the periodic tests.
Figure 7-1: VRD ON/OFF Step A
b. Remove four mounting screws from the control
panel (see Figure 7-2).
c. Access the VRD control by gently prying back
the front panel controls to reveal the VRD on/
off potentiometer (see Figure 7-2).
NOTE
A transportable power source is any equipment
that is not permanently connected and fixed in the
position in which it is operated.
CAUTION
In addition to the above tests and specifically in
relation to the VRD fitted to this machine, the following periodic tests should also be conducted by
an accredited Thermal Arc service agent.
Description
VRD Open
Circuit Voltage
VRD Turn ON
Resistance
VRD Turn OFF
Time
Do not pull back the front panel with excessive
force as this will unplug control PCB. Plugging the
control PCB back into the front panel controls can
only be achieved by removing the side covers.
IEC 60974-1 Requirements
Less than 20V; at Vin=230V or 460V
1
Less than 200 ohms
1
Less than 0.3 seconds
2
1
1
If this equipment is used in a hazardous location or
environments with a high risk of electrocution then
the above tests should be carried out prior to entering this location.
Figure 7-2: VRD ON/OFF Step B,C
7–1
400MST
d. Turning the VRD ON/OFF (see Figure 7-3).
 To turn VRD ON: rotate the trim potentiometer
(VR1) on the display PCB fully clockwise.
When VRD is turned ON check that it operates
as per VRD Specifications on page 7-1.
 To turn VRD OFF: rotate the trim potentiometer
(VR1) on the display PCB fully counter clockwise.
WARNING
The VRD ON/OFF trim potentiometer MUST ONLY
be positioned fully clockwise OR fully counter
clockwise as the VRD function will be unknown for
every other position.
Figure 7-3: VRD ON/OFF Step D
7–2
7 Voltage Reduction Device (VRD)
8 POWER SOURCE ERROR CODES
Power Source Error Codes
Description
Possible Cause
Remedy
Remarks
1 E01 error code displayed A The Welding Power
Source's duty cycle has
Temperature sensor TH1
been exceeded.
(protects IGBTs) is
greater than 80°C for
B Fan ceases to operate.
about 1 second.
C Air flow is restricted by
vents being blocked.
A Let Power Source cool
down then keep within its
duty cycle.
B Have an Accredited
Thermal Arc Service
Agent investigate.
C Unblock vents then let
Power Source cool down.
Weld current ceases.
Buzzer sounds constantly.
Fan operates at max speed.
E01 resets when TH1
decreases to 70°C for about
30 seconds.
2 E02 error code displayed A The Welding Power
Source's duty cycle has
Temperature sensor TH2
been exceeded.
(protects secondary
diodes) is greater than
B Fan ceases to operate.
80°C for about 1 second. C Air flow is restricted by
vents being blocked.
A Let Power Source cool
down then keep within its
duty cycle.
B Have an Accredited
Thermal Arc Service
Agent investigate.
C Unblock vents then let
Power Source cool down.
Weld current ceases.
Buzzer sounds constantly.
Fan operates at max speed.
E02 resets when TH1
decreases to 70°C for about
30 seconds.
3 E03 error code displayed A Primary current is too
A Reduce length of welding
Primary (input) current
high because welding arc
arc.
too high.
is too long.
B Have an Accredited
B Mains supply voltage is
Thermal Arc Service
more than 10% below
Agent or a qualified
nominal voltag.
electrician check for low
Mains voltage.
Weld current ceases.
Buzzer sounds constantly.
Switch machine off then on to
reset E03 error.
4 E11 error code displayed Primary supply voltage is
greater than the nominal
Over Primary supply
(input) voltage at primary voltage plus 10%.
capacitors is exceeded
for one second.
Have an Accredited Thermal
Arc Service Agent or a
qualified electrician check
the Primary voltage.
Weld current ceases.
Buzzer sounds constantly.
Error code E11 automatically
will reset when the voltage
reduces.
5 E14 error code displayed Mains supply voltage is less
than the nominal operating
Under mains supply
voltage less 10%.
(input) voltage warning
primary capacitors is
reduced for one second.
Have an Accredited Thermal
Arc Service Agent or a
qualified electrician check
the Mains voltage.
Weld current available.
Buzzer sounds intermittently.
Error code E14 automatically
will reset when the voltage
increases.
6 E12 error code displayed Mains supply voltage is
down to a dangerously low
Under mains supply
level.
(input) voltage primary
capacitors is reduced for
one second.
Have an Accredited Thermal
Arc Service Agent or a
qualified electrician check
the Mains voltage.
Weld current ceases.
Buzzer sounds constantly.
Error code E12 automatically
will reset when the voltage
increases.
7 E81 error code displayed
Wrong Primary supply
(input) voltage
connected.
Have an Accredited Thermal No weld current is available.
Arc Service Agent or a
Buzzer sounds constantly.
qualified electrician check
Switch machine off.
the Mains voltage.
When 3 phase machine is
first turned on with the wrong
Primary supply (input)
voltage connected.
8 E82 error code displayed Link switch plug not
Link switch plug not
connected.
connected.
Have an Accredited Thermal No weld current is available.
Arc Service Agent check
Buzzer sounds constantly.
connector plug on input PCB. Switch machine off.
9 E83 error code displayed The Primary supply (input)
voltage fluctuates and is not
CPU checks mains
stable.
supply (input) voltage
when the on/off switch
on rear panel of machine
is turned ON.
Have an Accredited Thermal
Arc Service Agent check
connector plug on input PCB
and the Mains voltage.
8–1
No weld current is available.
Buzzer sounds constantly.
Switch machine off then on to
reset E83 error.
400MST
Description
Possible Cause
Remedy
8 Power Source Error Codes
Remarks
10 E93 error code displayed Memory chip (EEPROM)
Memory chip (EEPROM) error.
on control PCB can not
read/write weld
parameter.
Have an Accredited Thermal Weld current ceases.
Arc Service Agent check the Buzzer sounds constantly.
control PCB.
Switch machine off.
11 E94 error code displayed The Welding Power Source's
Temperature sensor TH1 temperature sensors have
for IGBTs or sensor TH2 malfunctioned.
for secondary diodes are
open circuit.
Have an Accredited Thermal Weld current ceases.
Arc Service Agent check or
Buzzer sounds constantly.
replace the temperature
Switch machine off.
sensors.
A Turn on/off switch on.
12 E99 error code displayed A Main on/off switch on
machine has been turned B Have an Accredited
Mains supply (input)
off.
voltage has been turned
Thermal Arc Service
off but control circuit has B Mains supply (input)
Agent or a qualified
power from the primary
electrician check the
voltage has been turned
capacitors.
Mains voltage and fuses.
off.
8–2
Weld current ceases.
Buzzer sounds constantly.
Must switch machine off then
on to reset E99 error.
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
If you are here, all of the troubleshooting suggestions in Section 7 Basic Troubleshooting have
either failed to resolve the faulty operation or have
indicated that one or more of the subsystems
within the power supply are defective. This section
provides the information needed to take live measurements on the various subsystems within the
power supply, and replace those subsystems that
prove faulty.
ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
CAUTION
Under no circumstances are field repairs to be
attempted on printed circuit boards or other subassemblies of this unit. Evidence of unauthorized
repairs will void the factory warranty. If a subassembly is found to be defective by executing any of
the procedures in this Service Manual, the subassembly should be replaced with a new one. The
faulty subassembly should then be returned to
Thermal Arc through established procedures.
WARNING
Troubleshooting and repairing this unit is a process, which should be undertaken only by those
familiar with high voltage/high power electronic
equipment.
Disconnect primary power at the source before disassembling the power supply. Frequently review
the "Principal Safety Standards" in section 1.02.
Be sure the operator is equipped with proper
gloves, clothing and eye and ear protection. Make
sure no part of the operator's body comes into contact with the work piece or any internal components
while the unit is activated.
WARNING
There are extremely dangerous voltage and power
levels present inside this unit. Do not attempt to
diagnose or repair unless you have training in
power electronics, measurement and troubleshooting techniques.
1 System-Level Fault Isolation
If none of the suggestions provided in Section 7 have solved the problem or corrected the faulty operation,
the next step is to isolate one or more of the internal subassemblies that may be defective.
CAUTION
Perform all steps in each procedure, in sequence. Skipping portions of procedures, or performing steps out
of sequence can result in damage to the unit, and possible injury, or worse, to the operator.
1.1 Opening the Enclosure
1) Confirm that the switch on the power supply and the switch on the switchboard (distribution panel) are all OFF.
9–1
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
CAUTION
The capacitors inside the power supply will slowly discharged after you turn off the switch of the power supply or the switch at the breaker box (distribution panel). Wait at least 5 minutes for the discharge to complete.
2) Remove all screws and nuts on the side covers.
3) Loosen the screws on the front panel and the rear panel by turning them approximately two turns CCW.
NOTE
DO NOT remove the screws completely.
9–2
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
4) Pull the front panel slightly forward and pull the rear panel slightly backward.
The interlocking hooks of the side case covers can now be disengaged from the front and rear panels.
5) Remove the side covers.
6) Remove protection cover sheet by removing the plastic tabs.
1
2
1
1
1
NOTE
When you re-assemble the parts, conduct the above process backwards.
9–3
400MST
1.2 Verification and Remedy to
the Indicated Error Codes
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
1.2.1 E01 "Over-Temperature at the
primary side"
Cause
NOTE
The capacitors inside the power supply will slowly
discharged after you turn off the switch of the
power supply or the switch at the breaker box (distribution panel). Wait at least 5 minutes for the discharge to complete and then remove the cases to
continue your inspection and repair (or maintenance) inside the power supply. As for the removal
and installation of the case, refer to section
9.1.1.
Occurs when an over-temperature condition of the
primary IGBT is detected.
Verification/Remedy
a) Unit may be in thermal shutdown mode.
 Review the rated duty cycle of the unit per
page 2-4. Exceeding the duty cycle
can damage the unit and void the warranty.
Refer also to section 2.7 for additional information.
NOTE
b) Verify the ventilating condition.
During the "Verification/Remedy" procedures
below, follow the alphabetical sequence (a, b, c...)
and proceed with your verification and confirmation.
 Maintain a clear and unobstructed distance
of more than 12 in. in the front and more that
20 in. in the rear of the unit for ventilation purposes.
 Verify and maintain clean, dust free, front and
rear airflow paths. Cleaning and removing
dust from the front and rear panels once
every six months in a normal working environment is recommended. Extremely dusty
environments will require more frequent
cleanings.
NOTE
After you confirm and replace all spare parts and
components, confirm that there are no damaged
harnesses or connectors, uninstalled or loose
screws.
c) Verify the operation of the cooling fan, FAN1,
and replace it if necessary.
 Verify the condition of FAN1. Verify that there
are no broken or cracked fan blades and that
FAN1 is not producing any abnormal sounds.
 If broken or cracked FAN1 blades, or abnormal sounds are emanating from FAN1,
replace FAN1.
 Refer to section 9.2.4.19 for the replacement
of FAN1.
 Refer to section 9.1.4.4 for additional FAN1
tests.
 Verify the operation of the cooling fan and
replace it if the condition of FAN1 is inactive.
Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.4.
d) Replace PCB3 (WK-5548).
 Refer to section 9.2.4.3 for the replacement
of PCB3.
9–4
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
1.2.2 E02 "Over-Temperature at the
secondary side"
1.2.3 E03 "Primary Over-Current Failure"
Cause
Cause
Occurs when excessive current is detected flowing into the primary side of the main transformer.
Occurs when an over-temperature condition of the
secondary IGBT and diode are detected.
Verification/Remedy
Verification/Remedy
a) Confirm the operation of the machine within
the rated specification.
a) Unit may be in thermal shutdown mode.
 Refer to the specification data sheet in Section 2.6.
 Review the rated duty cycle of the unit per
section 2.6. Exceeding the duty cycle
can damage the unit and void the warranty.
Refer also to section 2.7 for additional information.
b) Verify the secondary diode (D2, D3, D4, D5,)
 Refer to section 9.1.4.6 for the test and
replacement of D2 and to section 9.2.4.24 for
D3, D4, D5.
b) Verify the ventilating condition.
 Maintain a clear and unobstructed distance
of more than 12 in. in the front and more that
20 in. in the rear of the unit for ventilation purposes.
c) Replace the Hall CT, HCT1.
NOTE
Pay special attention to installed direction of HCT1.
The Hall CT will not function properly if installed in
the incorrect direction.
 Verify and maintain clean, dust free, front and
rear airflow paths. Cleaning and removing
dust from the front and rear panels once
every six months in a normal working environment is recommended. Extremely dusty
environments will require more frequent
cleanings.
 Refer to section 9.2.4.22 for the replacement of
HCT1.
c) Verify the operation of the cooling fan, FAN1,
and replace it if necessary.
1.2.4 E11 "High Input Voltage Failure"
 Verify the condition of FAN1. Verify that there
are no broken or cracked fan blades and that
FAN1 is not producing any abnormal sounds.
Cause
 If broken or cracked FAN1 blades or abnormal sounds are emanating from FAN1,
replace FAN1.
Occurs when the input voltage is more than
approximately 275VAC (at input voltage 230V) or
520VAC (at input voltage 460V) (=1/1.41 of the
maximum value of the sinusoidal wave).
 Refer to section 9.2.4.19 for the replacement
of FAN1.
Verification/Remedy
 Refer to section 9.1.4.4 for additional FAN1
tests.
a) Verify input voltage.
 Verify the operation of the cooling fan and
replace it if the condition of FAN1 is inactive.
Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.4.
b) Replace PCB4 (WK-4819).
 Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.2.
 If the voltage and current available is determined to be sufficient, replace PCB4.
d) Replace PCB3 (WK-5548).
 Refer to section 9.2.4.4 for the replacement
of PCB4.
 Refer to section 9.2.4.3 for the replacement
of PCB3.
9–5
400MST
1.2.5 E12 "Low Input Voltage Failure"
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
 Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
Cause
c) Verify PCB4 (WK-4819) for burned or discolored components or printed circuit board.
Occurs when the input voltage is less than
approximately 150VAC (=1/1.41 of the maximum
value of the sinusoidal wave).
 Confirm that the PCB is securely fastened in
place. (No loose screws).
Verification/Remedy
 Refer to section 9.2.4.4 for the replacement
of PCB4.
a) Verify input voltage.
 Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.2.
1.2.8 E82 "Rated voltage selection circuit abnormality"
b) Replace PCB4 (WK-4819).
 If the voltage and current available is determined to be sufficient, replace PCB4.
Cause
 Refer to section 9.2.4.4 for the replacement
of PCB4.
Failure detected by the input voltage detection circuit, etc.
1.2.6 E14 "Low Input Voltage Warning"
Verification/Remedy
a) Verify the wiring harness and connection of
CN4 on PCB4 (WK-4819).
Cause
Occurs when the input voltage is less than
approximately 173VAC (=1/1.41 of the maximum
value of the sinusoidal wave).
 Confirm a secure connection of CN4 on
PCB4.
 Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
Verification/Remedy
a) Verify input voltage.
b) Verify PCB4 (WK-4819) for burned or discolored components or printed circuit board.
 Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.2.
b) Replace PCB4 (WK-4819).
 Confirm that the PCB is securely fastened in
place. (No loose screws).
 If the voltage and current available is determined to be sufficient, replace PCB4.
 Refer to section 9.2.4.4 for the replacement
of PCB4.
 Refer to section 9.2.4.4 for the replacement
of PCB4.
1.2.9 E83 "Abnormal mains supply
voltage"
1.2.7 E81 "Abnormal Input Voltage"
Cause
Cause
Failure detected by the input voltage detection circuit, etc.
Failure detected by the input voltage detection circuit, etc.
Verification/Remedy
Verification/Remedy
a) Verify the AC input voltage using a voltmeter.
a) Verify the AC input voltage using a voltmeter.
 Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.2.
 Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.2.
b) Verify the wiring harness and connection of
CN1 on PCB16 (WK-4917) and CN2 on PCB3
(WK-5548).
b) Verify the wiring harness and connection of
CN1 on PCB16 (WK-4917) and CN2 on PCB3
(WK-5548).
 Confirm a secure connection of the harness
between CN1 on PCB16 and CN2 on PCB3.
 Confirm a secure connection of the harness
9–6
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
between CN1 on PCB16 and CN2 on PCB3.
• Confirm a secure connection of the harness
wired between CN8 and CN9 on PCB6 and
TH1 and TH2 and re-install the harnesses
with a secure connection.
• Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
• Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
c) Verify PCB4 (WK-4819) for burned or discolored components or printed circuit board.
• Confirm that the PCB is securely fastened in
place. (No loose screws).
b) Replace thermistors, TH1 and TH2.
• Refer to section 9.2.4.17 and 9.2.4.18 for the
replacement of TH1 and TH2.
• Refer to section 9.2.4.4 for the replacement
of PCB4.
c) Replace PCB6 (WK-5688).
• Refer to section 9.2.4.6 for the replacement
of PCB6.
1.2.10 E85 "Pre-Charge Error"
Cause
1.2.12 E99 "Initial Power Receiving"
Occurs, after you apply power, when a failure is
detected during the preliminary charging of the
capacitors.
Cause
Verification/Remedy
Occurs when the initial AC power-received signal
has not reached the CPU.
a) Verify the AC input voltage and the Capacitor
Bus Voltage on PCB2 (WK-5597).
NOTE
This error occurs normally during the power "OFF"
sequence of the unit.
• Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.2.
b) Verify the input diode, D1.
• Refer to section 9.1.4.5 for the test and
replacement of D1.
Verification/Remedy
c) Verify the IGBT, Q1-Q24.
• Refer to section 9.1.4.7 for the test and
sections 9.2.4.7 and 9.2.4.8 for replacement of
Q1, Q2, ..., Q23, and Q24.
d) Replace PCB2 (WK-5597) and PCB4 (WK4819).
• If the tests in the above sections (a, b, c) are
within expected results and the unit is still
defective, replace PCB2 and PCB4.
a) Verify the wiring harness and connection of
CN1 on PCB16 (WK-4917) and CN2 on PCB3
(WK-5548).
• Confirm a secure connection of the harness
wired between CN1 on PCB21 and CN2 on
PCB3 and re-install the harness with a
secure connection.
• Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken connectors or a damaged wiring harness.
b) Verify and replace PCB4 (WK-4819).
• Refer to section 9.2.4.2 and 9.2.4.4 for the
replacement of PCB2 and PCB4.
• During the installation of PCB4 and PCB3,
confirm that the PCB's are securely fastened
in place. (No loose screws).
1.2.11 E94 "Thermistor Failure"
• Refer to section 9.2.4.4 for the replacement
of PCB4.
Cause
Occurs when the thermistor for the temperature
detection circuitry is open.
c) Replace PCB6 (WK-5688).
• Refer to section 9.2.4.6 for the replacement
of PCB6.
Verification/Remedy
a) Verify the wiring harness and connection
between CN8 and CN9 on PCB6 (WK-5688)
and thermistors TH1 and TH2.
9–7
400MST
1.3 Verification and Remedy to
Failures without Indication
Codes
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
1.3.2 "Wire feeding failure or inconsistent wire delivery" (Wire feeder
does not work)
Refer to Notes on Page 9-4.
Cause
Power Source: Faulty or damaged 14-pin receptacle and 19-pin receptacle, tripped or damaged
the circuit breaker (MCB1, MCB2), blown downtransformer, associated wiring.
1.3.1 "Cooling Fan Failure"
(Fan is not rotating)
Cause
Wire Feeder: Feeder gear failure. Refer to the
wire feeder operator manual, supplied by the
wire feeder manufacturer, for additional information.
Occurs when the cooling fan is defective, damaged or the driving voltage is incorrect.
Verification/Remedy
Verification/Remedy
a) Verify the cooling fan, FAN1.
• Inspect the condition of the fan blades and all
peripheral parts. Clean the fan blades and all
peripheral parts if covered with dust. Cleaning and removing dust from the fan blades
once every 6 months in a normal environment is recommended. Extremely dusty environments will require more frequent cleanings.
a) Confirm wire setting.
b) Verify CON1 of 14-pin receptacle (CON2 of 19pin receptacle). * Applies to MIG mode.
• Confirm the wiring harness and connections
between CON1 of 14-pin receptacle (or
CON2 of 19-pin receptacle) and the wire
feeder device are secure.
• Verify that there are no wiring harnesses
entangled inside the fan, confirm that the harnesses do not have any brakes in the wire or
damaged connectors.
• Contact the manufacturer if you find any
broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
• Replace the fan if there are any broken,
cracked or missing fan blades.
• Confirm the wiring harness and connections
between CON1 of 14-pin receptacle (or
CON2 of 19-pin receptacle) and PCB17 (WK5699).
• Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
• Confirm that the voltage between pin "I" and
pin "G" of the 14-pin CON1 receptacle is
AC115V (AC100~125V).
• Refer to section 9.2.4.19 for replacement of
FAN1.
• Confirm that the voltage between pin "E" and
pin "F" of the 19-pin CON2 receptacle is
AC115V (AC100~125V).
b) Verify the wiring harness between the cooling
fan (FAN1) and CN11 on PCB3 (WK-5548).
• Confirm a secure connection of the harness
to CN11 on PCB3.
• Contact the manufacturer if you find any
broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
c) Cooling fan voltage tests and replacement of
the cooling fan (FAN1).
• Follow the instruction in section 9.1.4.4.
9–8
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
1.3.3 "No weld output"
• Confirm the pin-out numbers of the 14-pin
receptacle (or 19-pin receptacle) located on
the wire feeder equipment. (Refer to section
3.1.)
Cause
Occurs when the 14-pin receptacle (19-pin receptacle) or associated circuitry is defective, damaged, or the TIG torch cable is defective and Wire
feeder Abnormality.
• Confirm the wiring and connections on the
14-pin receptacle (or 19-pin receptacle)
located on the wire feeder equipment.
c) Verify the circuit breaker used for the wire
feeder equipment power supply, MCB1 and
MCB2.
Verification/Remedy
• Confirm whether MCB1 or MCB2 has tripped
or not. (When the MCB trips, the yellow knob
will be exposed.)
NOTE
If the circuit breaker of the wire feeder power supply has tripped, there are other possible failures
that must be considered. For example, the capacity
of the wire feeder equipment motor is large, or
there are some other problems in the wire feeder
equipment. Before continuing onto the next section, verify and eliminate the above possible failure
conditions. Refer the operating manual supplied by
the wire feeder manufacture.
CAUTION
Read and understand this entire section before
proceeding. Extreme personal harm and test
equipment damage will occur if the procedures are
not performed accurately.
a) Verify the 14-pin receptacle. * Applies to LIFT
TIG and MIG mode.
• Confirm a secure connection between CON1
of the 14-pin receptacle and the wire feeder.
• Confirm a secure connection between CON1
of the 14-pin receptacle and the remote
device.
• Confirm a secure connection of the harness
and the connections between CON1 and
PCB17 (WK-5699) are all correct and there
are no open circuit.
• Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
• Confirm the proper pin-outs of the 14-pin
receptacle on the wire feeder side. (Refer to
section 3.1.)
• Confirm the proper pins-outs of the 14-pin
receptacle on the remote device side. (Refer
to section 3.1.)
• Confirm that the wire feeder has no open
circuit on the 14-pin receptacle at the remote
device side.
b) Verify the condition and connect the connections of the welding cable, the stick rod holders
and the base metal cables. * Applies to STICK
and LIFT TIG mode.
• Confirm a secure connection of the welding
cable, stick rod holders, base metal cables
and dinse connectors and there are no open
circuits.
c) Verify the cables connected to the wire feeder
equipment including welding and base metal
cables. * Applies to MIG mode only.
• Press the yellow knob down AFTER the
faults in the wire feeder equipment are
resolved.
• If the wire feeder equipment still does not
operate, verify MCB1 and MCB2. Replace
them if necessary.
• Refer to section 9.2.4.27 for the replacement
of MCB1 and MCB2.
d) Verify the transformer, T1, and replace it if necessary.
• Refer to section 9.2.4.29 for the replacement
of T1.
e) Verify the wire feeder equipment, and replace
it if necessary.
• Refer to the operating manual supplied by the
wire feeder manufacture before any work is
performed on the wire feeder.
9–9
400MST
 Confirm the connections of the required
cables; control cable for the wire feeder
equipment, cable for welding, and a cable for
the base metal are all secured.
 Confirm a secure connection of the harness
and the connections between CN21 on PCB6
and CN2 on PCB12.
 Contact the manufacturer if you find any broken
connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
 Confirm that there are no connection errors
or broken wires of the required cables; control cable for the wire feeder equipment, cable
for welding, and a cable for the base metal.
b) Verify the connection between PCB5 (WK5696) and PCB6 (WK-5688).
 Confirm that all three connectors between
PCB5 and PCB6 are tightly connected.
d) Verify the no-load voltage (OCV). *Applies to
STICK and MIG mode.
 Confirm the condition of the pins on the connectors and the connectors themselves. If
bent pins or damaged connectors are found,
replace the suspected PCB.
 Refer to section "Verification of No-Load voltage (OCV)" in the section 9.1.4.8 first
before continuing this section.
 If performing the "No-Load Voltage Failure"
procedure does not rectify the failure, perform the following tests in the sequence
below. Replace any defective components
found.
 Refer to section 9.2.4.5 and 9.2.4.6 for the
replacement and installation of PCB5 and
PCB6.
c) Replacement of PCB6 (WK-5688) and PCB12
(WK-5527).
1) Diode, D2, D3, D4 and D5. (Refer to the
Section 9.1.4.6)
2) Reactor, FCH. Confirm the connection of
FCH and PCB14 (WK-5594). (Refer to the
Section Appendix 3)
3) PCB8, PCB9, PCB10, PCB11 (WK-5479).
(Refer to the Section 9.2.4.7 and 9.2.48)
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
 Refer to section 9.2.4.6 for the replacement
and installation of PCB6 and section 9.2.4.9
for PCB12.
1.4 Fault Isolation Tests
4) Hall CT, HCT1. Confirm the connection of
FCT1 and PCB6 (WK-5688). (Refer to the
Section 9.2.4.22)
e) Verify the wire feeder equipment, and replace
it if necessary.
 Refer to the operating manual supplied by the
wire feeder manufacture before any work is
performed on the wire feeder.
1.3.4 "Operating Panel Failure" (LED's
do not light properly or weld settings cannot be established.)
1.4.1 Preparation
The following initial conditions must be met prior to
starting any of the procedures in this section
(9.1.4).
1) Connect the appropriate input voltage. (Check
the name plate on the rear of the power supply for
the proper input voltage.)
NOTE
Operate at ALL input voltages as noted on the
nameplate on the rear panel when testing the
power supply.
2) Close primary power source wall disconnect
switch or circuit breaker.
Cause
Occurs when there is a connection failure among
PCB3 (WK-5548), PCB6 (WK-5688) and PCB12
(WK-5527) or PCB3, PCB6 and PCB12 are defective.
Verification/Remedy
a) Verify the PCB connection between CN21 on
PCB6 (WK-5688) and CN2 on PCB12 (WK5527).
9 – 10
3) Place power supply MAIN CIRCUIT SWITCH
(S1) on rear of unit in the ON position.
WARNING
Dangerous voltage and power levels are present
inside this unit. Be sure the operator is equipped
with proper gloves, clothing and eye and ear protection. Make sure no part of the operator's body
comes into contact with the workpiece or any internal components while the unit is activated.
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
1.4.2 Verification of the Power Input
Circuitry
using a single-phase connection, the voltage
can be verified only between U2 and V2.
1) Verify the AC input voltage using an AC voltmeter
Verify input voltage (Phase-to Phase) using an
AC voltmeter. (The capability of the voltmeter
should be more than 600VAC). Measure the
point between lines U1 and V1 on the input
switch, S1.
Measure the point between lines U1 and W1
on the input switch, S1. Measure the point
between lines V1 and W1 on the input switch,
S1.
The location of points U1, V1 and W1 on switch
S1 are indicated in Figure 9-1.
When using a single-phase connection, the
voltage can be verified only between U1 and
V1.
U1
V1
W1
S1
U2
4) If this voltage is out of the operating range,
which is ±10% (187~253/414~506 VAC) of the
rated voltage (208, 230/460V), replace S1 following the process in section 9.2.4.20.
5) Verify the rectified output voltage of the input
diode, D1 using a DC voltmeter. (The capability of the voltmeter should be more than
1000VDC.)
Using a DC voltmeter, measure between the
points 1 (P) [+] and 2 (N) [-] on D1.
Points 1 (P) and 2 (N) are on D1.
See Figure 9-2.
The measured voltage should be approximately 1.4 times larger than input voltage measured in #1 above. Replace diode D1 if the
calculated measurement is not within the corresponding range (260~360/580~720VDC) following the process in section 9.2.4.23.
V2
W2
0
Figure 9-1: Check points U1, U2, V1, V2, W1 and W2
D1
2) If the input voltage is out of the operating range
of the unit, which is ±10% (187~253/414~506
VAC) of the rated voltage (208, 230/460V),
verify the available power capacity at the
installed site.
If the input voltage is within the operating
range, recheck the input voltage while welding,
as welding may cause the input voltage to
decrease to a value below the operating range
of the unit.
3) Verify input voltage after the input switch (S1)
using an AC voltmeter. (The capability of the
voltmeter should be more than 600VAC.)
• Using an AC voltmeter, measure between the
points U2 and V2 on the input switch, S1.
• Using an AC voltmeter, measure between the
points U2 and W2 on the input switch, S1.
• Using an AC voltmeter, measure between the
points V2 and W2 on the input switch, S1.
The location of points U2, V2 and W2 on
switch S1 are indicated in Figure 9-1. When
9 – 11
1
2
Figure 9-2: The check points 1 (P) and 2 (N)
6) Verify bus voltage (the voltage of the electrolytic capacitor after rectification) using a DC
voltmeter. (The capability of the DVM
should be more than 1000VDC.)
Using a DC voltmeter, measure between the
output studs C and E on PCB8 (WK-5479),
PCB9 (WK5479), PCB10 (WK-5479) and PCB11
(WK5479).
See Figure 9-2.
The measured voltage should be approximately 1.4 times larger than the input voltage
measured in #1 above, except when running at
460V where the bus voltage will be shared across
all boards, ie, each board receiving 0.7 times the
input voltage measured in step 1 above. Replace
diode D1 if the
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
calculated measurement is not within the corresponding range (260~360/580~720VDC) following the process in section 9.2.4.23.
PCB3
TB1(P)
CN18
TB4(N)
PCB2
PIN 1
PIN 3
Figure 9-3: The check points TB1(P) and TB4(N)
7) After the replacement of D1, if the above voltage is still abnormal, replace PCB1 (WK5493).
1.4.3 Power Supply Voltage Test
Connect the power supply to a source of rated
input voltage. (Check the name plate on the rear of
the power supply for the proper input voltage.)
Apply power to the unit and place the switch of the
power supply to the ON position.
On the PCB6 (WK-5549) and PCB3 (WK-5548),
measure the voltages according to the following
table. The test point and the reference are obtainable on the parts side of PCB6 (WK-5549) and
PCB3 (WK-5548).
The location of points TP0-3 are indicated in Figure
9-4.
The location of points PIN1-PIN3 of CN18 on
PCB3 are indicated in Figure 9-5.
TP0
Reference
(CN18 on PCB3;
WK-5548)
PIN3
ACCEPTABLE
VALUE
+24VDC
If any of these voltages are not present or are
below a 10% tolerance, replace PCB3 (WK-5548).
1.4.4 Verification of the Cooling Fan,
FAN1, Drive Circuitry
Verify the condition of the cooling fan, FAN1, using
a DC voltmeter. (The capability of the voltmeter
should be more than 50VDC.)
The location of connector CN11 of PCB3 (WK5548) is indicated in Figure 9-6.
TP1
TP2
NOTE
When you measure the above voltage, do not
remove the connector. Conduct the measurement
while the connector plug and receptacle are still
connected.
Figure 9-4: The check points TP0-3
Test Point
Reference
(PCB6;WK-5688) (PCB6;WK-5688)
TP1
TP0
TP2
TP0
TP3
TP0
Test Point
(CN18 on PCB3;
WK-5548)
PIN1
Using a DC voltmeter, measure between PIN 1[+]
and PIN 2[-] of CN11 on PCB3 (WK-5548).
TP3
PCB6
Figure 9-5: The check points PIN1-PIN3 of CN18 on
PCB3
ACCEPTABLE
VALUE
+15VDC
+5VDC
–15VDC
9 – 12
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE
When verifying the voltage, confirm that the AC
input voltage remain within the operating range of
the unit. (The AC input does not drop below
180VAC).
PCB3
CN11
1.4.5 Verification of the primary Diode
(D1)
CAUTION
PIN1
PIN2
Before performing any portion of the procedure
below, make certain unit is placed in the initial set
up condition as described in section 9.1.4.1
"Preparation".
1. Verify the characteristic of the primary diode,
D1, using a diode tester.
2. Refer to Table 9-1 and Figure 9-7, 9-8 for the
checkpoints on D1.
Figure 9-6: The location of connector CN11 of PCB3
(WK-5548)
Using the measurement taken above, follow the
chart below for possible failure modes.
Case1
Case2
Case3
Case4
Voltage
Fan
measurement
Remedy
Status (PIN1-PIN2 of
CN11 on PCB3)
Rotating DC 18~25V
Fan drive circuit is normal.
Replace PCB3 (WKRotating Below DC 18V 5548). (Refer to section
9.2.4.3)
Replace PCB3 (WK5548). (Refer to section
9.2.4.3)
↓
Inactive Below DC 18V
Conduct the
"Verification of the
power input circuitry" in
section 9.1.4.2.
Replace FAN1. (Refer
Inactive DC 18~25V
to section 9.2.4.19)
NOTE
This welding unit has a feature that will slow the
rotational speed of the cooling fan during low output current and while in standby. Under these conditions, the voltages in the above table will be
inaccurate; therefore, when verifying the voltage,
do so during the failure condition.
9 – 13
COMPONENT
TESTED
Diode of D1
Diode of D1
Thyristor of D1
TERMINALS
Positive
Negative
lead
lead
3, 4, 5
0
0
3, 4, 5
3, 4, 5
2
2
3, 4, 5
0
1
1
0
ACCEPTABLE
VALUE
0.3 to 0.5V
Open
Open
0.3 to 0.5V
Open
Open
Table 9-1: Tester checkpoints in the primary diode (D1)
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
400MST
1. Verify the characteristic of the secondary
diode, D2, D3, D4, and D5 using a
diode tester.
2. Refer to Table 9-2 and Figure 11 for the
checkpoints on D2, D3, D4, and D5.
3
4
D1
COMPONENT
TESTED
5
Diode 1 of D2, D3,
D4, D5
Diode 2 of D2, D3,
D4, D5
67
TERMINALS
ACCEPTABLE
Positive Negative
VALUE
lead
lead
Anode Cathode
0.2 to 0.3V
Cathode Anode
Open
Anode Cathode
0.2 to 0.3V
Cathode Anode
Open
Table 9-2: Tester checkpoints in the secondary diode
(D2, D3, D4, D5)
D5
D4
Anode
Anode
D3
1
2
0
D2
Cathode
Cathode
Figure 9-7: Tester checkpoints in the primary diode (D1)
0
6 7
Figure 9-9: Tester checkpoints in the secondary diode
(D2-7)
1
1.4.7 Verification of the primary IGBT
(Q1-24)
5
4
CAUTION
3
Before performing any portion of the procedure
below, make certain the unit is placed in the initial
set up condition as described in section 9.1.4.1
"Preparation".
2
Figure 9-8: The primary diode (D1) interconnection
diagrams
1. Check whether there are any abnormalities on
the appearance of PCB8 and PCB9.
1.4.6 Verification of the secondary
Diode (D2-5)
2. Verify the characteristic of the primary IGBT
(Q1-24), using a diode tester.
CAUTION
Before performing any portion of the procedure
below, make certain the unit is placed in the initial
set up condition as described in section 9.1.4.1
"Preparation".
9 – 14
3. Refer to Table 9-3 and Figure 9-10 for the
checkpoints on PCB8 and PCB9.
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
COMPONENT
TESTED
Collector-Emitter
of Q1-24 with
PCB8 and PCB9
Collector-Emitter
of Q1-24 with
PCB8 and PCB9
1.4.8 Verification of No-load Voltage
(OCV)
TERMINALS
ACCEPTABLE
Positive Negative
VALUE
lead
lead
C
CE
CE
C
Open
0.2 to 0.5V
CE
E
E
CE
Open
0.2 to 0.5V
a) Verify the no-load voltage in STICK mode.
1) STICK welding mode, mark and then turn
potentiometer VR1 on PCB6 (WK-5688)
fully counter clockwise to turn off the
electric shock protector function (VoltageReduction-Device, VRD).
2) Contactor function is put into the state of
"ON" by pushing the Function button.
Table 9-3: Tester checkpoints in the primary IGBT
CAUTION
PCB10
C
CE
Electric shock hazard. The unit will generate OCV
immediately when contactor function is put into the
state of “ ON” pushing Function button enabling
STICK mode.
PCB11
E
3) Verify the no-load voltage using a DC voltmeter. (The capability of the voltmeter
should be more than 100VDC.)
TRO_0031
4) The normal no-load voltage is approximately 65V.
b) Verify the no-load voltage in MIG mode.
PCB8
1) Confirm a secure connection between
CON1 of the 14-pin receptacle (or CON2
of the 19-pin receptacle) and the remote
device.
PCB9
C
CE
2) Confirm a secure connection of the harness and the connections between CON1
(or CON2) and PCB17 (WK-5699) are all
correct and there are no open circuits.
E
3) Contact the manufacturer if you find any
broken connectors or damaged wiring harnesses.
4) Contactor function is put into the state of
on pushing Function button.
Figure 9-10: Tester checkpoints in the primary IGBT
(Q1-24)
CAUTION
Electric shock hazard. The unit will generate OCV
immediately when contactor function is put into the
state of “ON” pushing Function button enabling MIG
mode.
5) The normal no-load voltage is approximately 65V.
6) Return potentiometer VR1 to the original
position.
9 – 15
THIS PAGE LEFT INTENTIONALLY BLANK
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2 Subsystem Test and Replacement Procedures
2.1 Preparation
This section provides specific procedures for verifying the operation and replacement of each subsystem
within the power supply.
Before undertaking any of these procedures, eliminate the obvious first-visually inspect the suspect subsystem for physical damage, overheating, and loose connections.
2.2 Test and Replacement Parts List
9
3
2
4
5
6
1
7
8
No.
DWG No.
1 PCB2
Parts name
Print Circuit Board (WK-5597)
Reference page
9-23
Part No.
W7001313
2
PCB3
Print Circuit Board (WK-5548)
9-24
W7001314
3
PCB4
Print Circuit Board (WK-4819)
9-26
10-6635
4
PCB5
Print Circuit Board (WK-5696)
9-26
W7001315
5
PCB7
Print Circuit Board (WK-5689)
9-24
W7001317
6
PCB12
Print Circuit Board (WK-5527)
9-28
W7001319
7
PCB13
Print Circuit Board (WK-5528)
9-29
W7001320
8
PCB14
Print Circuit Board (WK-5594)
9-30
W7001321
9
PCB16
Print Circuit Board (WK-4917)
9-32
10-6740
9 – 17
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
5
2
6
4
1
3
7
8
9
No.
DWG No.
1 PCB1
Parts name
Print Circuit Board (WK-5493)
Reference page
9-22
Part No.
W7001312
2
PCB6
Print Circuit Board (WK-5688)
9-27
W7001742
3
PCB8 (Q1-Q6)
Print Circuit Board (WK-5479)
9-27
W7001318
4
PCB9 (Q7-Q12)
Print Circuit Board (WK-5479)
9-27
W7001318
5
PCB10 (Q13-Q18)
Print Circuit Board (WK-5479)
9-28
W7001318
6
PCB11 (Q19-Q24)
Print Circuit Board (WK-5479)
9-28
W7001318
7
PCB15
Print Circuit Board (WK-5606)
9-31
W7001322
8
PCB17
Print Circuit Board (WK-5699)
9-33
W7001323
9
PCB18
Print Circuit Board (WK-5499)
9-33
W7001324
9 – 18
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
10
11
12
9
8
3
6
1
4
5
13
2
No.
DWG No.
1 CON1
14-PIN Receptacle
Parts name
Reference page
9-47
Part No.
W7001302
2
CON2
19-PIN Receptacle
9-48
W7001303
3
D1
Diode
9-39
10-6769
4
D2
Diode
9-40
10-6629
5
D4
Diode
9-40
10-6629
6
D5
Diode
9-40
10-6629
8
MCB1
Circuit Breaker
9-42
W7001310
9
MCB2
Circuit Breaker
9-42
10-2235
10
S1
Switch
9-37
10-6857
11
S2
Switch
9-38
10-5222
12
S3
Switch
9-38
10-5222
13
T1
Transformer
9-44
W7001326
9 – 19
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
1
6
7
2
8
3
4
9
10
5
No.
DWG No.
1 CT2
Parts name
Current Trans
Reference page
9-41
Part No.
W7001304
2
CT3
Current Trans
9-41
W7001304
3
FAN1
Cooling Fan
9-36
W7001307
4
FCH1
Inductor
9-34
W7001308
5
HCT1
Current Sensor
9-39
10-5003
6
L1
Reactor
9-41
W7001309
7
R2
Resistor
9-43
W7001325
8
R3
Resistor
9-43
W7001325
9
TH1
Thermistor
9-35
10-5228
10
TH2
Thermistor
9-36
10-5228
9 – 20
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.3 Service Tools
2.3.1 Tools and parts
The tools and parts to be used for maintenance are shown by icons.
Spanner
(5.5, 8, 10, 17mm)
Philips Head
Screwdriver
Long Nose
Pliers
C-Ring Pliers
Snap Band
Silicon
Compound
2.3.2 Notes of disassembly and assembly
NOTE
When removing the locking type connectors and board supporters, disengage the locking mechanism first
and then disconnect them.
Locking type connectors and board supporters are indicated in this manual using the following symbols;
black star marks for locking connectors and white star marks for locking board supports.
NOTE
During your maintenance or repair, please cut any tie-wraps necessary. However, after your maintenance or
repair, please reassemble and tie-wrap all components and wiring in the same manner as before the maintenance or repair.
CAUTION
Please note that you remove each connector, grasp and pull out by the connector part only. Do not pull the
harness (cable) part.
WARNING
The capacitors inside the power supply will slowly discharged after you turn off the switch of the power supply or the switch at the breaker box (distribution panel). Wait at least 5 minutes for the discharge to complete.
9 – 21
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4 Replacement Procedure
2.4.1 PCB1 (WK-5493) 
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
Remove PCB2 (WK-5597). [Reference page: 9-23]
Remove the diode (D1). [Reference page: 9-39]
Remove the current transformers (CT2 and CT3). [Reference page: 9-41]
Remove two screws and three terminals from PCB1 (WK-5493).
6) Remove the reactor (L1). [Reference page: 9-41]
7) Disconnect one connector and remove four terminals.
purple
orange
Blue
brown
8) Remove 18 screws and remove PCB1 (WK-5493).
2
1
1
9 – 22
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.2 PCB2 (WK-5597) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB6 (WK-5688). [Reference page: 9-27]
3) Remove one screw and three ground terminals. Disconnect 13 connectors.
CN23
CN22
CN10
CN4
1
2
CN7 CN3
CN2
CN11
2
CN1
CN21
CN9
CN20
CN11
4) Loosen two screws. Rotate the resistors (R2 and R3) to expose two screws on PCB3 (WK-5548).
5) Disconnect five connectors.
CN1
2
CN15
CN16
CN2
CN13
9 – 23
1
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
6) Remove five screws, three terminals, and five connectors from PCB2 (WK-5597).
CN1
CN4
CN5
CN2
CN3
7) Cut off one snap band. Remove two board supports and then remove PCB2 (WK-5597) and the insulating sheet.
2.4.3 PCB3 (WK-5548), PCB7 (WK-5689) 
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
Remove PCB4 (WK-4819). [Reference page: 9-26]
Remove PCB6 (WK-5688). [Reference page: 9-27]
Remove PCB5 (WK-5696). [Reference page: 9-26]
Disconnect 11 connectors from PCB3 (WK-5548).
CN21
CN20
CN9
CN7
CN11
CN8
CN1
CN2
CN3
9 – 24
CN23
CN22
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
6) Loosen two screws. Rotate the resistors (R2 and R3) to expose two screws on PCB3 (WK-5548).
7) Remove one screw and three ground terminals. Remove four screws and remove PCB3 and PCB7. Disconnect five connectors from PCB7 (WK-5689).
1
2
CN13
CN2
CN1
CN16
CN15
3
8) Disconnect one connector and remove two screws and then remove PCB7 (WK-5689) from PCB3 (WK5548). Remove one screw and one ground terminal from PCB7 (WK-5689).
CN20
1
2
9 – 25
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
9) Disconnect two connectors from PCB3 (WK-5548).
CN18
CN33
2.4.4 PCB4 (WK-4819) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Disconnect three connectors. Remove two screws and disconnect three connectors, and then remove
PCB4 (WK-4819).
2
CN10
1
CN7
CN4
CN5
CN4
CN6
2.4.5 PCB5 (WK-5696) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB6 (WK-5688). [Reference page: 9-27]
3) Remove two screws and disconnect three connectors. Remove PCB5 (WK-5696).
CN30
CN31
CN32
9 – 26
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.6 PCB6 (WK-5688) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Disconnect five connectors.
CN1
CN21
CN9
CN8
CN20
3) Remove three screws and disconnect six connectors, and then remove PCB6 (WK-5688).
CN3
CN27
CN18
CN30
CN31
CN32
2.4.7 PCB8 (WK-5479) and PCB9 (WK-5479) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove eight screws and four component clips. Disconnect four connectors and remove six screws,
and then remove PCB8 (WK-5479) and PCB9 (WK-5479).
 When reinstalling, remember to install new silicon rubber sheets.
CN2
CN1
2
2 CN1
CN2
1
Silicone Rubber Sheet
3
9 – 27
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.8 PCB10 (WK-5479), PCB11 (WK-5479) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove eight screws and four component clips. Disconnect four connectors and remove six screws,
and then remove PCB10 (WK-5479) and PCB11 (WK-5479).
 When reinstalling, remember to install new silicon rubber sheets.
2 CN2
CN2
CN1
CN1
1
Silicone Rubber Sheet
3
2.4.9
PCB12 (WK-5527) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB13 (WK-5528). [Reference page: 9-29]
3) Release three hooks and remove PCB12 (WK-5527).
2
1
1
 Engage two hooks before reinstalling the unit.
1
2
9 – 28
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.10 PCB13 (WK-5528) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove the operation cover.
2
2
3
1
3) Remove the jog dial cap. Loosen the screw while pressing the jog dial and then remove the jog dial.
2
1mm
1
3
4) Disconnect one connector from PCB12 (WK-5527). Remove four screws and pull out the operation
panel and tilt it.
1
3
3
CN1
4
3
3
9 – 29
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
5) Disconnect one connector and remove two screws, and then remove PCB13 (WK-5528).
2
4
1
3
CN1
2.4.11 PCB14 (WK-5594) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB17 (WK-5699). [Reference page: 9-33]
3) Remove the inductor (FCH1). [Reference page: 9-34]
4) Remove two screws from the front side and detach the bus bar.
5) Remove four screws and open the rear cabinet.
1
2
1
1
2
1
9 – 30
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
6) Remove two screws from PCB1 (WK-5477) and disconnect three terminals. Cut off two snap bands and
slide the insulating tube. Remove two screws, two nuts, and four terminals.
3
1
3
2
7) Remove four screws from the bottom and disconnect one terminal. Remove two screws from the rear
side and remove PCB14 (WK-5594) by pulling it out. Remove four screws and detach the bus bar.
1
2
3
2.4.12 PCB15 (WK-5606) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB17 (WK-5699). [Reference page: 9-33]
3) Remove the sheet and remove eight screws. Remove two board supports and remove PCB15 (WK5606).
3
1
2
3
9 – 31
2
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.13 PCB16 (WK-4917) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove six screws from the switch (S1) and disconnect six terminals.
1
2
2
1
3) Remove four screws and open the rear board.
1
1
2
1
1
4) Disconnect the one connector. Remove the two screws and one ground terminal. Remove the PCB16
(WK-4917).
3
1
CN1
2
9 – 32
2
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
5) Remove the three screws and the bus bar from the PCB16 (WK-4917).
2.4.14 PCB17 (WK-5699) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Disconnect 11 connectors and remove one terminal. Remove four screws and remove PCB17 (WK5699).
CN10
CN6
CN9
CN3
CN7
CN4
CN2
CN15
CN1
CN5
CN8
2.4.15 PCB18 (WK-5499) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB17 (WK-5699). [Reference page: 9-33]
3) Remove one screw and one terminal. Remove one bolt, one toothed washer, one washer, and one terminal. Disconnect one connector. Remove one screw and one nut and detach the bus bar.
2
3
2
CN1
1
2
9 – 33
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
4) Disconnect two connectors. Remove four board supports and remove PCB18 (WK-5499).
1
CN1
2
2
3
2.4.16 Inductor (FCH1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Disconnect one connector. Remove one screw and three ground terminals.
1
2
2
CN21
3) Remove two bolts and three terminals. Remove four screws and open the front cabinet.
1
2
1
2
3
2
2
9 – 34
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
4) Remove one screw, one terminal and one nut.
5) Remove four screws and remove the inductor (FCH1).
2.4.17 Thermistor (TH1)
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Cut off one snap band and disconnect one connector. Remove one screw and remove the thermistor (TH1).
2
CN8
1
3
 When replacing the thermistor with a new one, apply an oil compound (SHINETSU SILICONE G-747
or equivalent) evenly to the base.
9 – 35
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.18 Thermistor (TH2)
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB17 (WK-5699).
3) Cut off three snap bands and disconnect one connector. Remove one screw and remove the thermistor (TH2).
 When replacing the thermistor with a new one, apply an oil compound (SHINETSU SILICONE G-747
or equivalent) evenly to the base.
1
CN9
1
1
3
2.4.19 Fan (FAN1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove four screws and open the rear cabinet.
1
2
1
1
2
1
3) Cut off one snap band and disconnect one connector.
CN11
9 – 36
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
4) Remove two screws and remove the fan (FAN1).
AIR FLOW
ROTATION
 Pay attention to the installation direction of the fan.
2.4.20 Switch (S1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove six screws and six terminals.
2
2
1
3) Remove two screws and remove the switch (S1). Remove three posts.
9 – 37
1
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.21 Switch (S2 and S3) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove six screws and six terminals.
1
2
2
1
3) Remove four screws and open the rear panel.
1
1
2
1
1
4) Cut off one snap band and disconnect one connector from PCB4 (WK-4819). Remove two screws and
two nuts and remove the switch (S2). Disconnect one connector from the switch (S3). Remove two nuts
and remove the switch (S3).
2
4
1
3
CN4
9 – 38
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.22 Current Sensor (HCT1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB17 (WK-5699). [Reference page: 9-33]
3) Remove one screw and one terminal. Remove one bolt and one terminal. Disconnect one connector.
Remove one screw and one nut and detach the bus bar.
2
3
2
CN1
1
2
4) Remove one screw and remove the current sensor (HCT1).
2.4.23 Diode (D1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB3 (WK-5548). [Reference page: 9-24]
3) Remove six screws and 13 terminals. Remove two screws and remove the diode (D1).
 When replacing the diode with a new one, apply an oil compound (SHINETSU SILICONE G-747 or
equivalent) evenly to the base.
1
2
1
9 – 39
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.24 Diode (D2, D3, D4, and D5) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB17 (WK-5699). [Reference page: 9-33]
3) Remove PCB15 (WK-5606). [Reference page: 9-31]
4) Remove one screw and one nut. Remove 20 screws and one terminal and detach the bus bar.
4
2
1
2
2
1
2
5) Remove eight screws and remove the diodes (D2, D3, D4, and D5).
 When replacing the diode with a new one, apply an oil compound (SHINETSU SILICONE G-747 or
equivalent) evenly to the base.
 Pay attention to the installation direction of the diode.
D5
D4
D3
D2
9 – 40
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.25 Current Transformer (CT2 and CT3) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove PCB6 (WK-5688). [Reference page: 9-27]
3) Remove four screws and open the rear cabinet.
1
2
1
1
2
1
4) Cut off one snap band and disconnect one connector from PCB3 (WK-5548). Remove two screws and
two terminals from PCB1 (WK-5493). Cut off two snap bands and remove the current transformers (CT2
and CT3).
3
5
5
3
4
1
2
CN7
2.4.26 Reactor (L1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove four screws and open the rear cabinet.
1
2
1
1
2
1
9 – 41
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
3) Remove two screws and two terminals. Cut off one snap band and remove the reactor (L1).
1
1
3
2
2.4.27 Molded Case Circuit Breaker (MCB1 and MCB2) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove six screws and six terminals.
2
2
1
3) Remove four screws and open the rear panel.
1
1
2
1
1
9 – 42
1
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
4) Remove four terminals. Remove two nuts and remove the molded case circuit breakers (MCB1 and
MCB2).
purple
1
orange
1
Blue
1
brown
1
3
3
2
2
2.4.28 Resistor (R2 and R3) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove the switch (S1). [Reference page: 9-37]
3) Remove four screws and four terminals.
4) Remove two screws and the resistors (R2 and R3).
9 – 43
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.29 Transformer (T1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Cut off one snap band and disconnect one connector. Remove one screw and three ground terminals.
Cut off two snap bands.
4
3
CN1
1
2
3) Cut the tap wires on the primary side of the transformer (T1), which are connected with the insulated terminal.
 Incorrect wiring of each tap wire when reinstalling the transformer may damage the welding machine.
Check the electrical schematic diagram before connecting the tap wires.
9 – 44
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
4) Remove four screws and open the rear cabinet.
1
2
1
1
2
1
5) Cut off three snap bands.
 When reinstalling the transformer, secure the harnesses to the holders using snap bands.
6) Cut off one snap band. Cut off one snap band that ties together the harness of CN7 on PCB17 (WK5699) and the harness wired to the rear side. Cut off one snap band that ties together the harness on the
secondary side of the transformer (T1) and the harnesses of CN7/CN1 on PCB17 (WK-5699).
CN7
1
2
3
CN1
9 – 45
400MST
7) Remove four terminals.
purple
orange
Blue
brown
8) Remove four screws and remove the transformer (T1).
9 – 46
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4.30 14-Pin Receptacle (CON1) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Disconnect three connectors. Remove one screw and three ground terminals. Cut off two snap bands.
CN10
1
CN9
3
2
1
CN8
1
3) Remove two bolts and three terminals. Remove four terminals and open the front cabinet.
1
2
1
2
3
2
2
4) Cut off five snap bands.
 When reinstalling the receptacle, bend both the harnesses of CN6/CN7/CN9/CN10 on PCB17 (WK5699) and the ones of N-pin/L-pin of 19-pin receptacle (CON2), and then use snap bands to tie
together the bent harnesses and the ones of CN1/CN5/CN8 on PCB17 (WK-5699).
CN7
CN10
CN6
CN9
CN1
CN5
CN8
9 – 47
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
5) Remove two screws. Remove the cap and remove the 14-pin receptacle (CON1).
2.4.31 19-Pin Receptacle (CON2) 
1) Remove the side cover. [Reference page: 9-1]
2) Remove four screws and open the rear cabinet.
1
2
1
1
2
1
3) Cut off three snap bands.
 When reinstalling the receptacle, secure the harnesses to the holders using snap bands.
9 – 48
400MST
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
4) Cut off one snap band. Cut off one snap band that ties together the harness of CN7 on PCB17 (WK5699) and the harness wired to the rear side. Cut off one snap band that ties together the harness on the
secondary side of the transformer (T1) and the harness of CN7/CN1 on PCB17 (WK-5699).
CN7
1
2
3
CN1
5) Remove five snap bands.
 When reinstalling the receptacle, bend both the harnesses of CN6/CN7/CN9/CN10 on PCB17 (WK5699) and the ones of N-pin/L-pin of the 19-pin receptacle (CON2), and then use snap bands to tie
together the bent harnesses and the ones of CN1/CN5/CN8 on PCB17 (WK-5699).
CN7
CN10
CN6
CN9
CN1
CN5
CN8
9 – 49
9 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING
400MST
6) Disconnect three connectors. Remove one screw and three ground terminals. Cut off two snap bands.
1
CN7
CN6
1
3
2
1
CN5
7) Cut the harnesses of N-pin/L-pin of the 19-pin receptacle (CON2), which are connected with the insulated terminals.
N
L
8) Remove two screws. Remove the cap and remove the 19-pin receptacle (CON2).
9 – 50
APPENDIX 1 PARTS LIST
1 Equipment Identification
All identification numbers as described in the Introduction chapter must be furnished when ordering parts or
making inquiries. This information is usually found on the nameplate attached to the equipment. Be sure to
include any dash numbers following the Part or Assembly numbers.
2 How To Use This Parts List
The Parts List is a combination of an illustration and a corresponding list of parts which contains a breakdown of the equipment into assemblies, subassemblies, and detail parts. All parts of the equipment are listed
except for commercially available hardware, bulk items such as wire, cable, sleeving, tubing, etc., and permanently attached items which are soldered, riveted, or welded to other parts. The part descriptions may be
indented to show part relationships. To determine the part number, description, quantity, or application of an
item, simply locate the item in question from the illustration and refer to that item number in the corresponding Parts List.
PART NUMBERS: ARC MASTER 400MST 10-3072
No. DWG No. Part No.
Description
1
CON1
W7001302 Socket, Remote, gen 3.1, IPS
2
CON2
W7001303 Socket, Remote, gen 3.1, IPS
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
CT1-2
D1
D2-5
FAN1
FCH1
HCT1
L1
MCB1
MCB2
PCB1
PCB2
PCB3
PCB4
PCB5
PCB6
PCB7
PCB8-11
PCB12
PCB13
PCB14
PCB15
PCB16
PCB17
PCB18
R2-3
S1
S2
S3
T1
TH1, 2
W7001304
10-6769
10-6629
W7001307
W7001308
10-5003
W7001309
W7001310
10-2235
W7001312
W7001313
W7001314
10-6635
W7001315
W7001742
W7001317
W7001318
W7001319
W7001320
W7001321
W7001322
10-6740
W7001323
W7001324
W7001325
10-6857
10-5222
10-5222
W7001326
10-5228
Transformer, gen 3.1, IPS
Diode, gen 3.1, IPS
Diode, gen 3.1, IPS
Fan, gen 3.1, IPS
Inductor, gen 3.1, IPS
Sensor, Current, gen 3.1, IPS
Reactor, gen 3.1, IPS
Circuit Breaker, gen 3.1, IPS
Circuit Breaker, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
Resistor, gen 3.1, IPS
Switch, gen 3.1, IPS
Switch, gen 3.1, IPS
Switch, gen 3.1, IPS
Transformer, gen 3.1, IPS
Thermistor, gen 3.1, IPS
1
Additional Information
MS3102A20-27S (NIC) 14P (with Wiring
Assembly)
MS3102A22-14S (NIC) 19P (with Wiring
Assembly)
F2A503001 CT 1:40
DFA100BA160
DBA200UA60
109E5724H507 DC 24V 16.8W
F3A207601 400A MIG FCH
HC-TN200V4B15M 200A 4V
GP-7
TBC5071-01-0820 1P 125V 2.5AT
TBC5071-20-1420 1P 125V 10AT
WK-5493 U01 MAIN PCB
WK-5597 U01 LINK PCB
WK-5548 U01 DDC PCB
WK-4819 U01 DETECT PCB
WK-5696 U01 CONECT PCB
WK-5688 U03-2 MIG CTRL PCB
WK-5689 U01 FILTER PCB
WK-5479 U01 GATE PCB (with
WK-5527 U05 PANEL PCB
WK-5528 U01 ENCODER PCB
WK-5594 U01 TRANS PCB
WK-5606 U01 DIODE SNUBBER PCB
WK-4917 U04 INPUT FILTER PCB
WK-5699 U01 14/19 CONNECT PCB
WK-5499 U01 FILTER PCB
MHS20A151JI 20W 150OHM
DCP-103SR100C-480V 3P-480V
SDKGA4-A-1-A
SDKGA4-A-1-A
F3A216701
ERTA53D203 20kΩ/25°C B=3950K
QTY.
1
1
2
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
No.
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
DWG No.
Part No.
W7001328
W7001329
W7001330
W7001331
W7001332
W7001333
W7001334
10-6791
W7001336
W7001718
W7001338
W7001339
W7001340
W7001341
W7001342
W7001343
W7001344
W7001345
W7001511
10-6660
N/A
10-6795
W7001349
W7001350
W7001351
W7001352
W7001353
10-6665
10-6666
W7001356
W7001357
W7001358
W7001359
W7001360
W7001361
W7001362
W7001363
W7001364
10-6868
W7001366
W7001367
W7001368
W7001369
W7001370
W7001371
W7001372
W7001373
W7001374
W7001375
10-6874
W7001377
10-2020
300X4866
Description
Panel, Front, gen 3.1, IPS
Panel, Rear, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, Side, gen 3.1, IPS
Case, Front, gen 3.1, IPS
Board, Front, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, Rear, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, Protector, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, Encoder, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, PCB, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, Name, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, Side, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, 1 Warning, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, 2 Warning, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, Output Terminal, gen 3.1,
Label, Switch, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, 14/19 Switch, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, MCB, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, VRD, gen 3.1, IPS
Label, VRD, gen 3.1, IPS
Terminal, Output, F, gen 3.1, IPS
Cable, Input, gen 3.1, IPS
Clamp, Input, gen 3.1, IPS
Heatsink, gen 3.1, IPS
Heatsink, gen 3.1, IPS
Spring Clip,IGBT, gen 3.1, IPS
Chassis, PCB1, gen 3.1, IPS
Chassis, gen 3.1, IPS
Knob, gen 3.1, IPS
Knob Cap, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, Protector, gen 3.1, IPS
Sheet, Rubber, gen 3.1, IPS
Post, 1(M5), gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, D, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, T-D, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, 1 D, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, 2 D, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, 3 D, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, 4 D, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, S1, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, Output, gen 3.1, IPS
Bus Bar, T-CC, gen 3.1, IPS
Post, Output, gen 3.1, IPS
Insulated Board, gen 3.1, IPS
Insulation Sheet, gen 3.1, IPS
Insulation Sheet, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, Protector, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, Protector, gen 3.1, IPS
Clip, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, CON1, gen 3.1, IPS
Cover, CON2, gen 3.1, IPS
Edge Protect, gen 3.1, IPS
Plug, Output, gen 3.1, IPS
Operating Manual, gen 3.1, IPS
2
Additional Information
E0D006301
E0D004901
E0D005207
E0C346000
JEA496001
JDA788900
E0C299200
EBA514400
E1B537600 (with Dustcover Sheet)
N4A831400 (400MST)
N4A785200
N1B029700
N1B029800
N4A178600
N4A146500
N4A311800
N4A144200
N4A919100
N4A598700
TRAK-BE35-70S
SOOW AWG8X4C L=3.4m
EBA156800
E1B895000
E1B870100
E1B850100
J5B017500
J3C356600
2621603
3021104
N1B039200
EDA227700
EBA643600 (M5-M5)
EDA761400
EDA003800
EDA046900
EDA047000
EDA047100
EDA047200
ECA321000
EDA761300
EDA047300
ECA867900
E1B872000
E1B859700
EDA079800
E1B933900
E1B933100
#74 NATURAL
1070500-20 (with String)
97121-422R (with String)
EH18U
TRAK-SK50
Operating Manual
QTY.
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
8
1
1
1
1
1
4
3
1
4
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
2
1
1
400MST PARTS LIST
48
44
29
43
41
28
10
64
35
64
11
24
71
71
80
54
53
34
21
40
20
37
36
62
6
60
61
42
50
51
39
35
42
33
1
45
81
74
82
52
49
47
38
43
74
2
52
46
3
30
400MST PARTS LIST
17
3
9
4 83
83
15
3
16
14
12
18
76
13
57
58
57
19
55
19
27
55
63
77
63
19
32
59
75
57
19
22
57
27
56
7
73
75
5
26
5
5
66
66
67
78
31
59
68
69
32
70
65
72
79
8
23
25
83
4
APPENDIX 2 CONNECTION WIRING GUIDE
CONNECTION WIRING GUIDE
A
B
C
D
PCB2
PCB2
PCB2
PCB2
E PCB2
F PCB3
G PCB3
H PCB3
I
PCB3
APPENDIX 2 Connection Wiring Guide
Destination
CN1 ↔ PCB4
CN2 ↔ PCB3
CN3 ↔ D1
CN4 ↔ PCB4
D1
CN5 ↔ T1
T1
CN2 ↔ PCB16
PCB8
CN20 ↔
PCB9
PCB8
CN21 ↔
PCB9
PCB10
CN22 ↔
PCB11
CN7
CN3
CN10
230V
460V
CN1
CN1
CN2
CN2
CN1
CN2
CN1
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
Destination
PCB10
PCB3 CN23 ↔
PCB11
PCB3 CN18 ↔ PCB7
PCB3 CN33 ↔ PCB6
PCB4 CN4 ↔ S2
PCB6 CN1 ↔ HCT1
PCB6 CN21 ↔ PCB12
PCB7 CN1 ↔ PCB17
PCB7 CN2 ↔ PCB17
PCB7 CN13
PCB17
PCB7 CN15 ↔
PCB7 CN16
PCB12 CN1 ↔ PCB13
5
CN1
CN2
CN20
CN20
CN2
CN3
CN2
CN4
CN1
PCB17
T
PCB17
U PCB17
PCB17
PCB17
V PCB17
PCB17
W PCB17
Destination
CN1 ↔ T1
0V
MCB1
MCB2
CN5
CN6 ↔ CON2
CN7
CN8
CN9 ↔ CON1
CN10
CN7 ↔ S3
400MST CONNECTION WIRING GUIDE
S
O
CN1
CN1
CN2
CN1
N
PCB13
PCB6
I
PCB12
CN7
CN1
PCB16
CN4
MCB1
M
CN10
A
CN2
S2
CN21
L
J
CN1
CN20
MCB2
CN1
PCB4
PCB10
CN22
CN2
F
CN3
CN23
PCB11
C
CN2
CN33
D
G
CN18
PCB7
CN21
CN2
CN1
CN3 CN1
CN4
CN5
CN20
K
CN20
CN2
CN1
CN15
PCB2
PCB9
PCB8
PCB17
CN16
CN13
Q
CN2
CN1
CN2
B
H
D1
PCB3
W
R
CN2
CON1
CN4
P
HCT1
CON2
CN3
V
CN9 CN6 CN10
CN7
CN8
CN5
U
CN1
T1
T
E
APPENDIX 3 Interconnect Diagram
6
S3
APPENDIX 3 INTERCONNECT DIAGRAM
INTERCONNECT DIAGRAM
CE
TB15 E PCB8 E
C
PCB1
IGBT
Main
Gate
G
Circuit
Circuit E
Board
Board C
[WK-5493]
[WK-5479]
TB1
G
G1
1
E
E1
2
C
3
G
P
K(7)
R(3)
TB1
R2
Line2
N
CN11
CN18
1
2
3
1
2
3
19P
E
E
TB20
E PCB9
E
C
PCB3
Control Souce
Circuit Board
[WK-5548]
UB1
Q8
IGBT
Gate G
Circuit E
Board C
[WK-5479]
G
1
2
3
G6
E6
1
2
3
4
Q7
TB5
TB6
TB7
Q9
Q10 E7
G
E
C
1
2
3
4
Q11
G
E
C
CT1
CT2
CT3
CT4
E PCB11 E
C
IGBT
Gate G
Circuit E
Board C
[WK-5479]
G
Q12
Q20
Q21
E
C
Q22
G
E
C
1
2
3
4
G8
E8
Q19
G
CE
1
2
3
G7
E
C
C
C
CN1
CE
G
TB4
Q23
G
E
C
G
G
E
E
Q24
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
CN20
CN21
CN22
CN23
CN130
CN130
PCB6
Control
Circuit Board
[WK-5688]
CN27
CN27
CN18
CN18
CN1
PCB7
Filter Circuit Board
[WK-5689]
CN3
CN3
CN13
CN15
CN16
CN2
CN19
1 2 3
1 2 3 4 5
1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3
CN4
CN2
CN15
1 2 3 4 5
CN1
CN3
CN7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
PCB17
Socket Receptacle Circuit Board
[WK-5699]
CN6
CN5
CN10
CN9
CN8
1 2 3
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 5 6
EC
S3
14PCON2 S T V C U H J N K
Q18
E4
G4
CN1
CN4
C
C
CN2
1 2
1 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
115V
E
C
G
CN20
1
2
3
4
CN20
CN33
1
2
3
24V
1 2 3
CN10
CN32
CN30
CN32
CN30
PCB5
Conect Circuit Board
[WK-5696]
CN131 CN132
1
2
3
4
5
6
CN4
CN7
CN31
CN31
CN131 CN132
0V
CN1
1 2 3
CN6
CN6
Q6
Q17
E8
G8
CN5
CN5
Q16
G
E3
G3
PCB4
Detect
Circuit Board
[WK-4819]
E
C
G
TB19
E5
G5
230V
FAN1
+
1
2
3
4
TB4
E1
G1
1
2
3
4
S2
-
TB18
G5
E5
460V
Q15
TB3
CN7
R2
CN3
CN4
P
CN2
E
C
TB3
Q14
E
C
1
2
3
4
G3
E3
G
TB2
CN1
1
2
3
4
5
6
N
1 2 3 4 5
Q5
E7
G7
115V
115V
1
2
3
4
5
REAR
PANEL
1 2 3
CN5
460V
230V
24V
MCB2 0V
MCB1
0V
1 2
TB2
PCB2
Link
Circuit Board
[WK-5597]
T1
CN1
SIDE CHASSIS 1
1
2
3
4
5
E PCB10 E
C
IGBT
Gate G
Circuit E
Board C
[WK-5479]
G
G
E
C
1
2
3
4
G2
E2
N
CE
1
2
3
Q13
G
TB12
G4
E4
Q4
C
C
TB11
Q3
E6
G6
E PCB16
Filter
Circuit Board
[WK-4917]
24V
Ground
0V
+
(2)
CN2
T(5)
Line3
TB10
Q2
CN1
R2
CN1
(0)
S(4)
CN2
S1
Line1
P
CN2
G(6)
Q1
G
E2
G2
+
(1)
C
C
TB14
CN1
TB13
UB3
CN2
CN3
1
2
D1
L
A BMGR FD P
E
EC
CON1 M N C D E H F N J
7
TB1
B
K
G
A
I L
TB33
CT2
CT1
TB7
SH.DET+
AC1
123
AC2
PCB14
TRANS
Board
[WK-5594] TB35
PCB15
DIODE Snubber
Circuit Board
[WK-5606]
D2
+15
-15
IS
GND
400MST INTERCONNECT DIAGRAM
4
TO1
+Output
Terminal
HCT1
TB21
TB34
CT2
1 2 3 4 5
L1
CN3
1
2
3
TB30
TB16
TB32
TB22
TB31
TO2
-Output
Terminal
AC4
SH.DET-
FRONT
PANEL
EB
+
R2
TH2
TH1
UB1
1 2 3 4
CN9
CN8
SIDE CHASSIS 2
CN8
CN9
CN1
CN21
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
UB3
CN17
SH.DET+
SH.DET-
AC2
AC4
1 2 3
CON2
A
B
C
J
K
L
D
I
N
M
E
H
G
F
CON1
8
UB4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
PCB12
Panel
Circuit Board
[WK-5527]
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Ground
UB2
R3
A M L
B N U K
C P V T J
D R S H
E F G
SIDE CHASSIS 3
FCH1
1 2 3 4 5
Ground
+
CN1
PCB18
Filter Circuit
Board
[WK-5499]
D5
CT4
CT3
TB17 CT3
EB
UB4
D4
1
2
3
4
5
6
+15
-15
IS
GND
PCB13
Encoder
Board
[WK-5528]
CN2
UB2
D3
TB8
CN1
CN1
1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4
APPENDIX 4 DIODE TESTING BASICS
DIODE TESTING BASIC
APPENDIX 4 DIODE Testing Basic
Testing of diode modules requires a digital Volt/
Ohmmeter that has a diode test scale.
1. Locate the diode module to be tested.
2. Remove cables from mounting studs on diodes
to isolate them within the module.
3. Set the digital volt/ohm meter to the diode test
scale.
4. Using figure 1 and 2, check each diode in the
module. Each diode must be checked in both
the forward bias (positive to negative) and
reverse bias (negative to positive) direction.
VR
COM
A
Forward Bias
Diode Conducting
5. To check the diode in the forward bias direction, connect the volt/ohm meter positive lead
to the anode (positive, +) of the diode and the
negative lead to the cathode (negative, –) of
the diode (refer to Figure 10-1). A properly
functioning diode will conduct in the forward
bias direction, and will indicate between 0.3
and 0.9 volts.
Anode
Cathode
Figure 10-1: Forward bias diode test
6. To check the diode in the reverse bias direction, reverse the meter leads (refer to Figure
10-1). A properly functioning diode will block
current flow in the reverse bias direction, and
depending on the meter function, will indicate
an open or "OL".
7. If any diode in the module tests as faulty,
replace the diode module.
8. Reconnect all cables to the proper terminals.
VR
COM
Reverse Bias
Diode Not Conducting
Cathode
Anode
Figure 10-2: Reverse bias diode test
9
A
LIMITED WARRANTY
This information applies to Thermal Arc products that were purchased in the USA and Canada.
April 2006
LIMITED WARRANTY: Thermal Arc®, Inc., A Thermadyne Company ("Thermal Arc"),
warrants to customers of authorized distributors ("Purchaser") that its products will be free
of defects in workmanship or material. Should any failure to conform to this warranty
appear within the warranty period stated below, Thermal Arc shall, upon notification
thereof and substantiation that the product has been stored, installed, operated, and
maintained in accordance with Thermal Arc's specifications, instructions,
recommendations and recognized standard industry practice, and not subject to misuse,
repair, neglect, alteration, or damage, correct such defects by suitable repair or
replacement, at Thermal Arc's sole option, of any components or parts of the product
determined by Thermal Arc to be defective.
This warranty is exclusive and in lieu of any warranty of
merchantability, fitness for any particular purpose, or other warranty of
quality, whether express, implied, or statutory.
Limitation of liability: Thermal Arc shall not under any circumstances be liable for special,
indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including but not limited to lost profits and
business interruption. The remedies of the purchaser set forth herein are exclusive, and
the liability of Thermal Arc with respect to any contract, or anything done in connection
therewith such as the performance or breach thereof, or from the manufacture, sale,
delivery, resale, or use of any goods covered by or furnished by Thermal Arc, whether
arising out of contract, tort, including negligence or strict liability, or under any warranty,
or otherwise, shall not exceed the price of the goods upon which such liability is based.
No employee, agent, or representative of Thermal Arc is authorized to change this
warranty in any way or grant any other warranty, and Thermal Arc shall not be bound by
any such attempt. Correction of non-conformities, in the manner and time provided
herein, constitutes fulfillment of thermal’s obligations to purchaser with respect to the
product.
This warranty is void, and seller bears no liability hereunder, if purchaser used
replacement parts or accessories which, in Thermal Arc's sole judgment, impaired the
safety or performance of any Thermal Arc product. Purchaser’s rights under this warranty
are void if the product is sold to purchaser by unauthorized persons.
The warranty is effective for the time stated below beginning on the date that the
authorized distributor delivers the products to the Purchaser. Notwithstanding the
foregoing, in no event shall the warranty period extend more than the time stated plus
one year from the date Thermal Arc delivered the product to the authorized distributor.
Warranty repairs or replacement claims under this limited warranty must be submitted to
Thermal Arc via an authorized Thermal Arc repair facility within thirty (30) days of
purchaser's discovery of any defect. Thermal Arc shall pay no transportation costs of any
kind under this warranty. Transportation charges to send products to an authorized
warranty repair facility shall be the responsibility of the Purchaser. All returned goods
shall be at the Purchaser's risk and expense. This warranty dated April 1st 2006
supersedes all previous Thermal Arc warranties. Thermal Arc® is a Registered
Trademark of Thermal Arc, Inc.
WARRANTY SCHEDULE
This information applies to Thermal Arc products that were purchased in the USA and Canada.
April 2006
ENGINE DRIVEN WELDERS
WARRANTY PERIOD
Scout, Raider, Explorer
Original Main Power Stators and Inductors .................................................................................. 3 years
LABOR
3 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards ................................................................... 3 years
3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
1 year
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors.......................................... 1 year
Engines and associated components are NOT warranted by Thermal Arc, although
most are warranted by the engine manufacturer .............................................................
See the Engine’s Warranty for Details
GMAW/FCAW (MIG) WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Fabricator 131, 181; 190, 210, 251, 281; Fabstar 4030;
PowerMaster 350, 350P, 500, 500P; Excelarc 6045.
Wire Feeders; Ultrafeed, Portafeed
Original Main Power Transformer and Inductor............................................................................ 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors ................. 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors................................................................... 1 year
GTAW (TIG) & MULTI-PROCESS INVERTER WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
160TS, 300TS, 400TS, 185AC/DC, 200AC/DC, 300AC/DC, 400GTSW, 400MST,
300MST, 400MSTP
Original Main Power Magnetics.................................................................................................... 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors ................. 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors................................................................... 1 year
PLASMA WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Ultima 150
Original Main Power Magnetics.................................................................................................... 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors ................. 3 years
Welding Console, Weld Controller, Weld Timer ........................................................................... 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors, Coolant Recirculator. ............................... 1 year
SMAW (Stick) WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Dragster 85
Original Main Power Magnetics..................................................................................................... 1 year
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards .................................................................... 1 year
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors .......................................... 1 year
160S, 300S, 400S
Original Main Power Magnetics.................................................................................................... 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards ................................................................... 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors .......................................... 1 year
GENERAL ARC EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Water Recirculators ....................................................................................................................... 1 year
Plasma Welding Torches.............................................................................................................180 days
Gas Regulators (Supplied with power sources) ..........................................................................180 days
LABOR
1 year
LABOR
1 year
180 days
Nil
MIG and TIG Torches (Supplied with power sources)..................................................................90 days
Replacement repair parts .............................................................................................................90 days
MIG, TIG and Plasma welding torch consumable items...................................................................Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
3 years
3 years
1 year
LABOR
3 years
3 years
1 year
LABOR
3 years
3 years
3 years
1 year
LABOR
1 year
1 year
1 year
3 years
3 years
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION
Thermadyne USA
Thermadyne Asia Sdn Bhd
2800 Airport Road
Denton, Tx 76207 USA
Telephone: (940) 566-2000
800-426-1888
Fax: 800-535-0557
Email: [email protected]
Lot 151, Jalan Industri 3/5A
Rawang Integrated Industrial Park - Jln Batu Arang
48000 Rawang Selangor Darul Ehsan
West Malaysia
Telephone: 603+ 6092 2988
Fax : 603+ 6092 1085
Thermadyne Canada
Cigweld, Australia
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-1111
Fax: 905-827-3648
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria
Australia, 3072
Telephone: 61-3-9474-7400
Fax: 61-3-9474-7510
Thermadyne Europe
Thermadyne Italy
Europe Building
Chorley North Industrial Park
Chorley, Lancashire
England, PR6 7Bx
Telephone: 44-1257-261755
Fax: 44-1257-224800
OCIM, S.r.L.
Via Benaco, 3
20098 S. Giuliano
Milan, Italy
Tel: (39) 02-98 80320
Fax: (39) 02-98 281773
Thermadyne, China
Thermadyne International
RM 102A
685 Ding Xi Rd
Chang Ning District
Shanghai, PR, 200052
Telephone: 86-21-69171135
Fax: 86-21-69171139
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-9777
Fax: 905-827-9797
World Headquarters
Thermadyne Holdings Corporation
Suite 300, 16052 Swingley Ridge Road
St. Louis, MO 63017
Telephone: (636) 728-3000
Fascimile: (636) 728-3010
Email: [email protected]
www.thermalarc.com
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