He-Compressor and Cold-Head Service

He-Compressor and Cold-Head Service
He-Compressor and Cold-Head Service
The AMI magnet (6T) in Osujilab is cryo-cooled by continuous Helium supply by a Sumitomo Compressor
operating at a pressure of ~2.2 MPa. The superconductor in the magnet is cryo-cooled by a cold-head
(Sumitomo Inc.) attached to the magnet. Continuous Helium supply is necessary to maintain the
superconductivity in the system. There are two flux lines (supply and return), 6m long connecting the
He-compressor and the cold-head. The flux lines, cold-head and the compressor have self-locks to
isolate them to avoid contamination. When flux lines are disassembled from the cold-head or Hecompressor the locks will automatically be locked. When the pressure in the He-compressor goes below
1.6 MPa, the compressor should be re-filled with Helium (UHP-300, 99.999% purity). Please follow the
instructions before start refilling the He-compressor. If the He-compressor or flux lines are
contaminated, the pressure reading in the He-compressor will drop (usually it will be zero), also when
the He-gas leaks out of the system. Once the system is contaminated, it is advised to get in touch with
Sumitomo Inc. to do a cleaning service.
Figure1: (a) Zero pressure reading due to contamination of the system. In this case the He-gas was escaped through
accidently loosened screws (b). During operation the pressure reading is about 2-2.2 MPa. However, when the Hecompressor or is switched off, the pressure reading is non-zero (~1.6MPa). If the compressor pressure reads zero, it
would not re-start.
Chilled-water supply is connected to the He-compressor to dissipate the heat from the return supply.
When the temperature of the chilled-water supply rises, the He-compressor might shuts down
automatically, and subsequently the magnet temperature will rise. Sometimes, the main power-supply
switch at the back panel will turn off by itself. Then it has to be turned back on as shown in Figure 2.
Most often, switching OFF the drive switch and turning back ON will resume the He-compressor.
Figure2: (a) The main power switch is at the back-panel of the compressor is turned off. To turn it on, rotate the
black switch by 90 deg (ref Figure 6). (b) Front panel switch and the operating hours of the He-compressor.
40088.7h are elapsed as shown in the front panel reading. The maximum operating hours of the instrument
without maintenance is 30,000h. After that the regular service of the He-compressor is recommended-especially
adsorber has to be replaced.
There are two ways to do service on He-compressor and cold-head servicing if the Cold-head or the He-compressor
is contaminated or needs a service. If the compressor/cold-head parts are performing well and only if the parts are
exposed to air, Sumitomo can do an onsite service. Also they can do the adsorber replacement. However if the
motor capsule needs a replacement, then most likely the instrument has to go to the Sumitomo Chicago facility for
service (but check with Roy Roub if they can replace the capsule also by an onsite service). Sumitomo can send a
reconditioned and qualified end/displacer assembly upon request (contact Roy Roub for pricing). Prior
to reconnecting flux lines and the He-compressor, make sure those parts are clean and not
contaminated and also filled with Helium gas (99.999% purity). Please check the price quote prior to
sending the parts to Sumitomo and making an onsite service (onsite service is pricy but faster).
Note: If the cold head or flux line is contaminated (or exposed to air) as judged by the pressure
reading at the He-compressor, the compressor should not be switched on. Contact Roy Roub at
Sumitomo Inc. to proceed further with the repair/service. The cold-head can be removed from the
magnet and can be send out for repair (special care should be taken to release the excess He-gas
residing inside the cold-head prior to unscrewing the 4 screws as shown in the Figure3, for that
appropriate fittings should be used-contact Roy Roub to buy the fittings and couplings.
Figure3: (a) In order to pull the cold head unit out of the magnet, 4 hex screws (OUTER ONES)
should be removed as shown in the cartoon. The cold-head should be taken out very slowly (b). Before
disassembling the cold-head, the He-flux lines should be disconnected, and the excess gas should be vent using
appropriate couplings, one by one, first for the supply line and then the return line.
Once the cold-head is carefully removed from the magnet, it has to be kept in a holder/shield provided
by the Sumitomo and keep it safely. The old cold head should be sending back to Sumitomo.
Figure 4: (a) A top view of magnet (helium chamber) after removing the cold head (c) New replacement coldhead,
already cleaned by the Sumitomo. The coldhead can be taken out from the casing by unscrewing the 4 large hexscrews (same screws are being used to attach to the magnet). When we request exchange of cold head in the
future, we will receive the same fully tested coldhead with attachments from Sumitomo. When it is taken out we
need to purge it with He-gas. Also the inner portion (a) of the magnet also should be purged for some time with
low pressure He-gas before assembling the cold-head to the magnet. (c) The refurbished cold-head sent by
Sumitomo will be filled with He-gas, therefore it has to be vent before start connecting to the magnet (Youngwoo
please confirm this step-I am confused why it was not directly connected, then we did not need to re-purge the gas
again? Confirm it with Roy, may be?).
Figure 5: (a) The magnet chamber was cleaned with Kim wipe (ethanol) and then subsequently purging with He-gas
prior to attaching the cold-head. (b) Disassembling the refurbished cold-head from the casing by unscrewing the 4
hex screws.
After connecting cold-head to the magnet, it has to be purged with He-gas prior to re-connecting the flux linesotherwise the flux lines and the He-compressor will be contaminated.
Figure 6: (a) The He-compressor is powered off. (b) The main power is turned back on. For purging the cold head
without connecting the flux-lines, the cold-head drive should be turned on (c): however in the image it is off). Coldhead drive switch should be turned off after reconnecting the flux lines and the He-compressor in the normal
operational mode.
Figure 7: (a) For purging the cold-head, the gas inlet from helium gas cylinder (not from helium compressor) should
be connected to supply inlet of the cold-head using appropriate fittings (gas connector). Outlet was kept opened
using gas connector. The fuse and the main power switch to the He-compressor should be kept in the ON position
(b).
Figure 8: (a) After making all connections from the He-tank to the supply line and keeping the return open, and
keeping the pressure around 10 Psi (for few min) and then to about 100 Psi as shown in (b), the cold-head has to be
purged. Before starting the automatic purging using the He-compressor, the compressor main power switch and
the drive switch should be kept ON.
After purging the cold-head from the He-cylinder using He-compressor settings for about 20min, the return valve
can be closed. Close the He-tank, and the supply inlet. Now the Cold-head is ready to be connected to the He-flux
lines. First, connect the flux lines to the He-compressor and then to the cold-head. Make sure that the main power
switch and the front panel switch of the compressor are turned off prior to re-connecting the flux lines. Then turn
off the cold-head drive switch. Now the He-compressor is ready to operate. Switch on the front panel power
switch, then the compressor will start operating. Initially the pressure reading will be around 2.6 MPa, but it will
reduce slowly to 2.2 MPa over about 24h of operation.
SERVICE DETAILS OF THE COLD-HEAD AND THE HE-COMPRESSOR
Serial #
Cold head: Model# RDK-408D2, S/N: AJD 07016
He-compressor Model# CSW-71C, S/N: 47C07087D
Contact details of the IL, Sumitomo Inc. (SHI Cryogenics):
He-compressor service:
● Sumitomo (SHI) Cryogenics of America, Inc. ●1500-C Higgins Road, ● Elk Grove Village, ● IL 60007
PH # 847-290-5801 / Fax# 847-290-1984
Personal Contact: "Skica, Aya" <askica@shicryogenics.com>
The weight of the He-compressor is about 100 pounds and the wooden crate has about 250 Pounds. Therefore we need
to contact Fed Ex-freight service for shipping.
Cold-head service:
● Sumitomo Cryogenics of America Inc. ●1833 Vultee Street ● Allentown, PA 18103
● Tel: (610)791-6700 ● Fax: (610)791-3904 ● www.shicryogenics.com
Personal Contact: "Raub, Roy" <rraub@shicryogenics.com>
He-CSW-71 compressor service: ("Skica, Aya" <askica@shicryogenics.com>): Tasks and prices
1. Preventative maintenance: $2,000 (includes oil change, replacement of minor electrical
components, and sheet metal, if required.)
2. Absorber replacement: costs additional $1,500. (The absorber needs a replacement:
Sumitomo advices to do it since compressor is already been passed 40,000h. (max. usage of
absorber is 30,000h), otherwise the oil will be contaminated soon, cause motor to
malfunction..
3. If the motor capsule, heat exchanger, oil separator, or control board require replacement
there is additional cost.
4. Gasline service: $300 each. Includes gas cleanup, leak check, and replace Aeroquip
fittings.
5. Wooden crates: $300
6. Shipping invoice (empty wooden crates to us and the shipping the instruments back to us)
will be send to us separately. We will use our credit card to pay for the shipping from here
to their Chicago facility.
The compressor performance will be fully tested prior to sending us.
Cold head service: ("Raub, Roy" <rraub@shicryogenics.com>): Tasks and Prices
1. Basic Fee for quantity 1 coldhead (RDK-408/415) $8,700.00
2. Labor (1 day per engineer) Included
3. Travel & Living Expenses: Billed at actual
Tasks:
1. Removal of the expired/worn parts of the coldhead.
a. The warm housing and parts contained within which includes valves disc, valve stem, scotch
yoke, guide bushings, all orings.
b. The 1st and 2nd stage displacer assembly.
2. Solvent clean and inspect the cylinder assembly.
3. Install a new oring on warm flange.
4. Install a completely reconditioned and qualified warm end/displacer assembly consisting of
the parts listed in 1a. & b. above.
5. Reassemble the coldhead.
6. Perform a gas cleanup on the coldhead.
7. Reconnect gaslines.
8. Leak check all disturbed joints and final testing of the He-compressor
UHP 300 Grade 5 helium gas cylinder (purity 99.999%) from Airgas should be provided for the
service.
Gas Lines
Technical Manual
Sumitomo (SHI) Cryogenics of America, Inc.
1833 Vultee Street
Allentown, PA 18103-4783
U.S.A.
Revision G: December 2011
261320A
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................... 1
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................. 3
Minimum Bend Radius ...................................................................................................... 3
Pressure and Temperature Ratings................................................................................... 3
Identification Labels........................................................................................................... 3
Installation Tools ............................................................................................................... 4
MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................... 5
Disconnect Gas Lines ....................................................................................................... 5
From the Compressor .................................................................................................. 5
From the Cold Head ..................................................................................................... 6
Leak Check ....................................................................................................................... 6
Gas Line Repair ................................................................................................................ 7
Venting .............................................................................................................................. 7
Repair Self-Sealing Couplings ........................................................................................... 8
Replace the Gasket Seal .............................................................................................. 8
Repair or Replace a Coupling....................................................................................... 9
Charge Pressure Verification........................................................................................... 10
Gas Cleanup and Recharging ......................................................................................... 11
PARTS ................................................................................................................................. 13
Ordering .......................................................................................................................... 13
Parts Identification and Numbers..................................................................................... 13
ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure 1 Typical Helically Corrugated Gas Line Construction ......................................... 1
Figure 2 Break Gas Line Connection from Compressor .................................................. 6
Figure 3 Disconnect Gas Line from Compressor ............................................................ 6
Figure 4 Break Gas Line Connection from Cold Head .................................................... 6
Figure 5 Disconnect Gas Line from Cold Head ............................................................... 6
Figure 6 Aeroquip Male Coupling Parts .......................................................................... 8
Figure 7 Remove Coupling from Gas Line ...................................................................... 9
Figure 8 Aeroquip Female Coupling Parts ...................................................................... 9
Figure 9 Parts Identification .......................................................................................... 13
SJM P/N261320A
i
(This page is intentionally blank.)
ii
DESCRIPTION
Gas lines are needed to connect compressors to cold heads (expanders) to complete the
system. Gas lines are constructed from helically corrugated stainless steel tubing covered with
metal braid or from soft copper tubing. All gas lines are equipped with Aeroquip self-sealing
couplings and are furnished cleaned, charged with helium gas and leak checked.
Each cryogenic system includes interconnecting gas lines to carry helium gas refrigerant to and
from the components. A gas line carries high-pressure gas from the compressor to the cold
head and another gas line returns lower pressure gas to the compressor.
Flexible gas lines simplify installation. The self-sealing couplings maintain the gas charge and
purity by minimizing gas loss when connections are being made or broken and by preventing
the entrance of contaminants. Dust plugs protect the coupling threads from damage and also
help to maintain cleanliness.
Figure 1 Typical Helically Corrugated Gas Line Construction
1
(This page is intentionally blank.)
2
SPECIFICATIONS
Minimum Bend Radius
Gas Line Type
Diameter
mm (inches)
Minimum bend radius
mm (inches)
Helically corrugated
stainless steel
19 (3/4) I.D.
230 (9)
Helically corrugated
stainless steel
13 (1/2) I.D.
180 (7)
Copper tubing using a tube
bender
17 (5/8) O.D.
57 (2 ¼)
Copper tubing without
using a tube bender
17 (5/8) O.D.
460 (18)
Pressure and Temperature Ratings
Pressure and Temperature
Ratings
Stainless Steel and Copper
Design pressure, max.
2760 kPa (400 psig)
Operating pressure, max.
2410 kPa (350 psig)
Charge pressure, max.
1860 kPa (270 psig)
Operating temperature, max.
49º C (120º F)
Operating temperature, min.
4º C (40º F)
Identification Labels
Labels on the gas lines identify their function in the system as follows:
SUPPLY (color coded red)
Helium gas supply to the cold head from the
compressor.
RETURN (color coded green)
Helium gas return from the cold head to the
compressor.
Separate labels are furnished by SCAI with standard gas lines for the customer to attach to the
gas lines. See the Installation section in the System manual.
3
Specifications
Installation Tools
Properly sized open-end wrenches are needed to install and remove gas lines. SCAI can
furnish (optional) one each:
Wrench, 1" open end x 3/4" open end
Wrench, 1 1/8" open end x 5/8" open end
Wrench, 1 3/16" open end x 1 3/16" ratchet
P/N SK30017C3
P/N SK30017C2
P/N SK30017C1
For MRI systems with an RF shield, gas feedthroughs may be furnished for gas line installation through
the shield. Special wrenches may be required to fit the feedthroughs.
4
MAINTENANCE
Disconnect Gas Lines
AVOID INJURY. Extreme cold can cause frostbite. When handling system
components, be careful not to touch any frosted parts.
AVOID INJURY. Disconnect gas lines only when the compressor is stopped.
Disconnecting the cold head while it is cold can create excessively high internal
pressure as the gas warms. Material failure and uncontrolled pressure release
can cause injury.
AVOID INJURY. Use two wrenches when disconnecting a gas line coupling to
avoid loosening the compressor’s or cold head’s coupling. Gas pressure can
project the coupling with enough force to cause injury.
AVOID GAS LEAKS. Keep the gas line couplings aligned when making or
breaking a coupling connection. Leaks can occur due to the weight of the gas
line or due to a sharp bend near the connection. Crimping from repeated
bending and repositioning can cause damage to gas lines.
PREVENT EQUIPMENT DAMAGE. Do not use a clamp over hose section of
flex gas line.
Disconnect from the Compressor
Tools required: Open-end wrenches
1. Always use two wrenches. Use one wrench to hold the compressor coupling. Use the
second wrench on the gas line coupling nut to break the connection. See Figure 2.
2. After breaking the connection, hold the coupling adapter with one wrench. Remove the gas
line coupling from the compressor coupling with the second wrench. See Figure 3.
3. Screw a dust cap finger tight on to the compressor coupling.
5
Maintenance
Figure 2 Break Gas Line Connection
from Compressor
Figure 3 Disconnect Gas Line
from Compressor
Disconnect from the Cold Head
Tools required: Open-end wrenches
1. Always use two wrenches. Use one wrench to hold the cold head coupling. Use the second
wrench on the gas line coupling nut to break the connection. See Figure 4.
2. After breaking the connection, hold the coupling adapter with one wrench. Remove the gas
line coupling from the cold head coupling with the second wrench. See Figure 5.
3. Screw a dust cap finger tight on to the cold head coupling.
Figure 4 Break Gas Line
Connection from Cold Head
Figure 5 Disconnect Gas Line
from Cold Head
Leak Check
Leakage of helium gas is the only likely problem to originate on a gas line. Use of a helium
mass spectrometer leak detector is recommended. If no mass spectrometer is available, a
liquid leak detector solution may be used on the coupling joints.
With the gas lines connected to the compressor and to the cold head, leak check the connected
coupling joints.
6
Maintenance
The flat gasket in the face of the male coupling seals the joint. A leak at this gasket seal can be
detected only when a gas line is connected. A leak here can be caused by:
•
•
•
•
•
the coupling not fully tightened
a worn, damaged or missing gasket seal
dirt on or under the gasket seal
dirt on the female coupling’s mating surface
damaged parts on either coupling which prevent proper mating or sealing
Gas Line Repair
Leaks in the helically corrugated metal tubing cannot be repaired. Discard the damaged gas
line and install a new one.
Leaks at welded joints require special skills to repair. Consult an SCAI Service Center.
Leaks at the self-sealing couplings can be repaired by replacing worn or damaged parts.
Vent the gas line before beginning to disassemble it except when replacing a gasket seal.
When couplings are frequently disconnected and reconnected, it is important to wipe the
mating parts (threads and faces) with a clean, lint-free tissue or cloth.
Venting
Tools required: Adapter fitting with valve, 8M Aeroquip, P/N SK8217A2.
Open-end wrenches
NOTE
Adapter fittings are available as optional accessories from SCAI.
1. Disconnect the gas line from the system. Install a dust cap on each of the male couplings of
the compressor and cold head, or on the RF feedthroughs, if used in the system.
2. Be sure the valve on adapter fitting SK8217A2 is closed. If only one coupling on the gas
line is to be repaired, install the adapter fitting on the good coupling. Use two wrenches.
3. Slowly open the valve on the adapter fitting to vent the entire charge of helium gas.
4. Close the adapter fitting’s valve. Do not remove the adapter fitting. It will be used for gas
cleanup and recharging.
NOTE
Gas cleanup and recharging of the gas line are always required if a coupling
has been repaired. Instead of venting the gas line to atmospheric pressure,
some operators prefer to connect an adapter fitting and a charge line to the
coupling not being repaired, to purge the gas line with helium during repair. Set
the helium gas regulator at 35 kPa (5 psig) or less to prevent air from entering
the gas line and contaminating it.
7
Maintenance
Repair Self-sealing Couplings
AVOID INJURY. Always vent a gas charged component before beginning to
disassemble its couplings. Gas pressure can launch a loose coupling with
enough force to cause personal injury.
PRESERVE YOUR WARRANTY. Modification to equipment without the consent
of the manufacturer will void the warranty.
Damaged threads, leaking seals or a leaking valve assembly may require replacement of
coupling parts or replacement of the complete coupling half.
Replace the Gasket Seal
Tool required: Needle or a narrow, flat blade screwdriver
Cotton swabs
Isopropyl alcohol
From repeated connecting and disconnecting the coupling, the gasket face seal just inside the
face of a male coupling may begin to leak and require replacement. The gasket seal is replaced
while the gas line is disconnected.
1. Carefully pierce or pry the old gasket face seal and pull it from its recessed ring in the body
of the coupling. Discard the face seal. See Figure 6.
2. Using isopropyl alcohol on a clean, cotton swab, carefully remove any remaining adhesive
from the coupling’s recess. Avoid getting alcohol on the face of the poppet.
3. Dry the recessed surface with a clean, lint free cloth.
4. Do not apply any adhesive. Press a new gasket seal into the recessed ring.
Figure 6 Aeroquip Male Coupling Parts
8
Maintenance
Repair or Replace a Coupling
Tools required: Open-end wrenches
This procedure applies to both male and female couplings on gas lines, compressor and cold
head.
1. Vent the charged component using the venting procedure in this manual or in the
Maintenance section of the appropriate manual.
2. If the coupling to be repaired has the venting adapter fitting attached, remove the adapter
fitting. Use two wrenches.
3. Use two wrenches to disconnect the coupling body from the adapter. Hold the adapter with
one wrench. Remove the coupling body with the other wrench. See Figure 7.
4. Push the valve assembly from the coupling body. It is not fastened. Examine all parts and
replace any that are damaged or replace the entire coupling half. See Figures 6 or 8.
Figure 7 Remove Coupling from Gas Line
Figure 8 Aeroquip Female Coupling Parts
5. Remove the O-ring from the gas line adapter.
6. Wipe the O-ring groove to be sure it is clean. Lightly coat a new O-ring with vacuum grease.
Install the O-ring in the gas line adapter.
7. Wipe the valve assembly with a clean, lint-free cloth. Insert the valve assembly into the
coupling body from the rear.
9
Maintenance
8. Thoroughly degrease or apply Locquic Primer T (a degreasing agent) to the threads of the
adapter and to the internal threads of the coupling body. Do not get Primer T on the O-ring
or any of its seating surfaces.
9. Allow about 5 minutes for the primer to dry. Apply Loctite 242 to one full thread in the
coupling adapter. Use a needle applicator. Start at the second thread from the lead thread
and work toward the hexagon. Shake the Loctite before use.
10. Assemble the coupling body to the adapter. Use two wrenches. Hold the adapter with one
wrench and screw the two parts together. Tighten the size 8 Aeroquip coupling parts to
4.85 – 6.25 kgf m (35 – 45 ft. lbs.).
11. Allow at least a 6-hour curing period before applying gas pressure.
This completes the procedure for repairing or replacing a self-sealing coupling.
Charge Pressure Verification
Tools required: Tool Kit, P/N 268151A
Open-end wrenches
This procedure describes the process for checking and, if necessary, correcting the helium gas
charge pressure in refrigeration system gas lines.
PRESERVE YOUR WARRANTY. Any helium gas used in this procedure should
be of high purity. A purity level 0f 99.999% is required.
PREVENT EQUIPMENT DAMAGE. Keep the gas line couplings aligned when
making or breaking a coupling connection. Leaks can occur due to the weight of
the gas line or due to a sharp bend near the connection. Crimping from repeated
bending and repositioning can cause damage to gas lines.
AVOID INJURY. Use two wrenches when connecting or disconnecting a gas
line coupling to avoid loosening the wrong joint. Gas pressure can project the
coupling with enough force to cause injury.
1. Verify the pressure gauge tool [P/N 268150C2] has a minimum charge pressure of 20 psig.
2. If the charge pressure in the tool is too low, use the charge adapter tool [P/N 255919B2] to
charge the pressure gauge tool to 50 psig. If the pressure gauge tool is completely empty,
purge the pressure gauge tool with helium gas by “flushing through” with the exhaust valve
open. After purging, close the exhaust valve and establish the proper charge pressure in
the pressure gauge tool. Close the exhaust valve. Remove the charge adapter from the
pressure gauge tool.
10
Maintenance
3. Unthread the dust cap from one end of the gas line to be checked. Be sure the valve on the
pressure gauge tool is closed before it is connected. Connect the male Aeroquip end of the
pressure gauge tool to the gas line using two wrenches.
4. Read the pressure.
4.1. If the pressure is low, but > 20 psig, use the charge adapter to add helium gas to the
gas line to reach the specified equalization pressure.
4.2. If pressure in the gas line is <20 psig, perform a clean–up on the gas line.
5. When finished checking or pressurizing the gas line, make sure the gauge tool is charged to
50 psig helium gas for storage.
6. Disconnect the male Aeroquip end of the pressure gauge tool from the gas line using two
wrenches.
7. Screw the dust cap finger tight on to the gas line coupling.
This completes the procedure for checking the charge pressure in a gas line.
Gas Cleanup and Recharging
Tools required: Adapter fittings (2) P/N SK8217A2 or 255919B2 and 257246C5.
Open-end wrenches
Cleaning and recharging are always required when a gas line has been vented and repaired or
if the gas pressure has dropped to less than 140 kPa (20 psig). Each gas line is cleaned and
charged individually using adapter fittings.
1. Locate and connect adapter fitting P/N SK8217A2 to one gas line coupling. Connect
adapter fittings P/N 255919B2 and257246C5 to the other coupling. Be sure the valve on
each adapter fitting is closed before it is connected.
NOTE
Adapter fittings are available as optional accessories from SCAI.
2. Connect a charge line to the pressure regulator of a helium gas cylinder containing 99.995%
pure helium gas with a dew point less than -50º C (-58º F) at 2065 kPa (300 psig).
AVOID INJURY. Never use compressed gas from a cylinder without a proper
regulator. Overpressure can cause personal injury if the system equipment
ruptures.
11
Maintenance
3. Open the gas cylinder valve. While connecting the charge line to the valve on one of the
adapter fittings, thoroughly purge the charge line from the regulator. It is important to
remove all air contaminants to prevent them from entering the gas line.
4. Adjust the gas cylinder regulator to 690 kPa (100 psig). Open the valve on the adapter
fitting and charge the gas line to 690 kPa (100 psig).
5. Close the valve on the helium gas cylinder (not on the regulator).
6. Open the vent valve. Watch the regulator’s pressure gauge. When the pressure falls to
35 – 70 kPa (5 – 10 psig), close the vent valve. Open the gas cylinder valve to increase the
pressure to 690 kPa (100 psig). Close the gas cylinder valve.
7. Repeat step 6 five (5) times.
8. Close the valve on the adapter fitting used for charging. Open the gas cylinder valve.
Adjust the pressure regulator to the equalization pressure of the system. Refer to the
Specifications section in the System manual.
9. Open the valve on the adapter fitting and charge the gas line to the equalization pressure.
10. Close the valve on the adapter fitting. Close the gas cylinder valve. Disconnect the charge
line from the adapter fitting. Store the charge line to keep it clean.
11. Remove the adapter fittings.
This completes the procedure for gas cleanup of a gas line.
12
PARTS
Ordering
Order parts by part number and name. See Figure 9.
Parts Identification and Number
Figure 9 Parts Identification
Item
Part Name
Part Number
Size 4
Size 8
1.
Dust Cap
44639
44642
2.
Gasket Seal
77003
77002
3.
Coupling Half, Male
44601
44612
4.
O-ring
77005
47102
5.
Coupling Half, Female
44901
44614
6.
Dust Plug
44640
44643
NOTE
Gas lines used to carry refrigerant gas between the compressor and the cold head
typically are furnished with size 8 Aeroquip couplings.
13
(This page is intentionally blank.)
14
MANUAL NUMBER: CD32ZZ-063I
DATE: December 18 / 2003
OPERATION MANUAL
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
For Service Personnel Only
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Cryogenics Division
2-1-1 Yato-cho, Nishitokyo-City,
Tokyo 188-8585, Japan
TEL:
+81-424-68-4240
FAX:
+81-424-68-4219
E-mail: cryo@shi.co.jp
URL: http://www.shi.co.jp/cryopage
EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We, Sumitomo Heavy Industries, ltd., declare
herewith that the cryocooler listed below, on
the basis of its design and engineering as
well as in the embodiment which we have
placed on the market, comply with the
applicable safety and health requirements set
forth in EC directives.
This declaration becomes invalid if
modifications are made to the product without
consultation with us.
Designation of the Cryocooler;
Cryocooler Model SRDK series
Consists of
・Cold Head Model;
RDK-408D, RDK-408S,
RDK-400B, RDK-415D
・Compressor Unit Model;
CSA-71A, CSW-71C, CSW-71D
The products comply with the following
council directives:
・Machinery
98/37/EC
・Low Voltage 73/23/EEC
・EMC
89/336/EEC, 92/31/EEC
・Amendment Directive: 93/68/EEC
Applicable standards:
・Machinery
EN60204-1 (1997)
・Low Voltage EN61010-1 (1993; +A2)
・EMC
EN55011 (1991)
EN50082-2 (1995)
Applied national standards and technical
specifications:
・MITI Directory No. 51*
・UL 471**
* MITI : Japan Ministry of Trade and Industry
**UL : Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (USA)
Tokyo, 1 November 1999
Tokyo, 1 November 1999
Tatsuo Koizumi, General Manager,
Cryogenics Department
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Kaoru Aoki, Manager,
Design Section
Cryogenics Department
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
1
ITEM
PAGE No.
CROSS REFERANCE
1
BEFORE USING EQUIPMENT
2
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
3
INSPECTION
7
PACKING AND RETURN
8
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
9
PRESSURE UNIT CONVERSION TABLE
10
INTRODUCTION
11
1-1
GENERAL INFORMATION
11
1-2
SRDK SERIES CRYOCOOLER
12
1-3
THEORY OF OPERATION
14
2
INSTALLATION
16
2-1
GENERAL
16
2-2
TOOLS FOR INSTALLATION
16
2-3
MOVING
17
2-4
SITE REQUIREMENT
18
2-4-1
REQUIRED FOR AIR COOLED COMPRESSOR UNIT
19
2-4-2
REQUIRED FOR WATER COOLED COMPRESSOR UNIT
20
2-5
COLD HEAD INSTALLATION
21
2-6
COMPRESSOR UNIT INSTALLATION
22
2-7
CONNECTING FLEX LINES
24
2-8
COLD HEAD POWER CABLE CONNECTION
31
2-9
INPUT POWER CABLE CONNECTION
35
3
OPERATION
36
3-1
PRELIMINARY CHECKS
37
3-2
START-UP OPERATION
38
3-3
SHUT-DOWN OPERATION
39
3-4
NORMAL OPERATION
40
4
4-1
4-2
FUNCTIONAL CHECK
41
SIMPLE PROBLEM
41
4-1-1
PRESSURE
41
4-1-2
ROOM TEMPERATURE
41
4-1-3
MAIN POWER PHASE
41
HELIUM LEAK
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
42
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
5
MAINTENANCE
43
5-1
GENERAL INFORMATION FOR THE MAINTENANCE
44
5-2
COLD HEAD MAINTENANCE
45
5-3
COMPRESSOR UNIT MAINTENANCE
45
5-4
HELIUM GAS CHARGING
46
6
TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
48
7
OPERATING LOG
55
REVISION CONTROL
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
CROSS REFERENCE
CROSS REFERENCE
Thoroughly read this manual and following manuals before using this equipment.
MANUAL NAME
MANUAL No.
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-408D2 4K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-160
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-408D 4K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-064
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-408S2 10K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-161
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-408S 10K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-065
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-400B SINGLE STAGE COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-066
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-415D 4K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-070
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION CSA-71A COMPRESSOR UNIT**
CD32ZZ-067
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT**
CD32ZZ-068
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION CSW-71D COMPRESSOR UNIT**
CD32ZZ-069
* See TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION of Cold Head used.
** See TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION of Compressor Unit used.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
1
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
BEFORE USING EQUIPMENT
BEFORE USING EQUIPMENT
・ This service manual is intended only for the exclusive service personnel.
・ Sumitomo Heavy Industries will not be responsible for any accidents, failures, non-conformities, etc.
caused by operations by any persons other than service personnel according to the descriptions in this
manual.
・ This service manual describes important information such as the installation method, operation method
and maintenance of this equipment.
・ Be sure to read this service manual before using this cryocooler.
・ Using the equipment without observing the descriptions in this manual may result in malfunction of the
equipment or may be hazardous to the physical body of the operator. Sumitomo Heavy Industries will
provide no guarantee in this case.
・ No part of this manual may be reproduced without the consent of Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. The
use of this manual for other purposes is prohibited.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
2
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
This service manual uses the following signs and expressions to describe items requiring strict observance
to prevent injury to the operator and other persons, damage to this equipment, the customer's equipment
and property, etc.
WARNING
“WARNING”
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that may cause injury to the operator or
people around the equipment in the event of improper handling taking no account of
this description.
When using this equipment, be sure to adhere to this description.
CAUTION
“CAUTION”
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that may result in misoperation, malfunction,
or damage of the customer's equipment, etc. in the event of improper handling taking
no account of this description.
When using this equipment, be sure to adhere to this description.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
3
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
“WARNINGS”
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section. Touching it may result in electric shock. Handle it with
extreme care.
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting the installation. Failing to observe this
precaution may result in electric shock.
Do not install the equipment near places subject to condensation such as a watering place. Failing to
observe this precaution may result in electric shock or malfunction.
Do not install the equipment in a dusty environment. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric
shock or malfunction.
Make sure the power specification of the cryocooler used conforms to the customer's power supply before
using the equipment. Using the cryocooler with a non-conforming power supply may result in electric shock
or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is the CSW-71D (water cooled, high voltage type), pay attention to the setting of
the applicable input supply voltage. The product is shipped with the input supply voltage set to 480V.
Before installing the equipment, be sure to check your supply voltage and change it to the appropriate setting
if necessary. Operating the equipment with your supply voltage different from the setting of the compressor
unit may result in electric shock or malfunction.
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting operation when connecting or
disconnecting the cold head power cable. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the main power of the customer's power source before
connecting or disconnecting the input power cable to the Compressor Unit, and then remove the input power
cable from the main power. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under any
circumstances. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Pay special attention to its wiring when using the external connector on the compressor unit. Connecting a
jumper wire between Pins No.6 - No.8, No.6 - No.13 and No.6 - No.15 may result in misoperation in some of
safety devices in the equipment, causing electric shock, burn or malfunction.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the customer's main power before performing
maintenance work such as replacement of fuses. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric
shock.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
4
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high-pressure
(about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm2G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the equipment with a sharp edge
or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape of gas. Handle the equipment with
extreme care.
The minimum bending radius of the flex lines is 300 mm (11. 81 inches). Bending the flex lines at a smaller
angle may cause explosion or escape of gas, and so this should be avoided.
Do not disassemble the equipment for purposes other than maintenance specified in this service manual
under any circumstances. Disassembling the equipment may result in electric shock, explosion or escape
of gas.
The cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber and flex lines are pressurized with helium gas.
Purge the helium gas from all pressurized components before disposing. Open the purging valve gradually
or it may result in serious injury.
Do not break the vacuum with the low temperature of cold head second stage when removing the cold head
from the vacuum chamber. Breaking the vacuum may result in serious damage, explosion or escape of
gas. Keep the Flex Lines connected and maintain the high vacuum of the chamber and wait until the cold
head second stage temperature rises up to 100K before removing the cold head.
WARNING
<Warning about rotating part>
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), a venting fan is provided in the
exhaust section at the top of the compressor unit. Do not insert foreign substances from the exhaust port
under any circumstances. Failing to observe this precaution may result in injury or malfunction.
WARNING
Do not touch the cooler fin of the Compressor Unit during fin cleaning. Touching the fin may cause the injury.
The Adsorber weight is about 11.0kg. When replace the adsorber, be careful of handling so that it may not get
hurt.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
5
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
“CAUTIONS”
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not tilt it by more than 30 degrees when carrying the compressor unit. Tilting it by more than 30 degrees
may cause oil sealed in the unit to move, preventing the cryocooler from operating normally.
This cryocooler is intended for the exclusive use indoors. It cannot be used outdoors. Failing to observe
this precaution may prevent the cryocooler from operating normally.
Do not use inverter for the main power source of the compressor unit. Operating with inverter may result in
the damage or malfunction of the compressor electric circuit.
Avoid using the transformer for the main power source of the compressor unit. If the transformer is
installed at the upstream of the unit, lacking phase protection circuit with the cryocooler occurs in a
malfunction. That may result in misoperation or malfunction. When using the transformer, install the other
lacking phase protection device in upstream of the transformer.
The cryocooler ON/OFF frequency must be less than 6 times per hour, and the ON/OFF interval must be
more than 3 minutes. The frequent ON/OFF operation may result in damage of compressor capsule or
malfunction.
Do not get on the compressor unit or put an object on top of it. Failing to observe this precaution may
prevent the cryocooler from operating normally or cause injury.
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing to secure
enough space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor
unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), sufficient space is required for
venting. Failing to secure sufficient space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the CSA-71A
technical instruction, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), it should be installed in a clean
environment. Installing it in a dusty environment such as inside a factory will require frequent cleaning of
the cooler fins or may result in misoperation or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), use cooling water with
appropriate temperature, flow rate and water quality. Using inappropriate cooling water may result in
misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), do not use the demineralized
water for cooling water. Using demineralized water for cooling water may result in water leakage or
malfunction.
Be extremely careful not to damage the cylinder when mounting the cold head. Damaging the cylinder may
result in misoperation or malfunction.
Be sure to check the flat rubber gasket of the self seal coupling of the cold head and compressor unit for dirt,
dust or to see whether the flat rubber gasket is attached correctly, before connecting the flex lines.
Connecting the flex lines with an abnormal flat rubber gasket setting may cause escape of gas.
When connecting the flex lines to the cold head, be sure to start with the flex line on the "Return" side.
Starting with the flex line on the "Supply" side may cause misoperation.
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) is shipped with a helium gas
at about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm2G, 235 psig) sealed in. Be sure to adjust the pressure to an appropriate
value according to the cold head used before operating the equipment. Using the cryocooler at an improper
pressure may cause misoperation.
The cold head drive switch provided with the compressor unit is only used for maintenance. Be sure to turn
it OFF in normal operation. Using the compressor unit with the cold head drive switch turned ON may result
in misoperation or malfunction.
The coldhead employs the special seal to the 2nd stage. The 2nd stage displacer is fit tightly in the cylinder.
Make sure the 2nd stage temperature is less than 28 deg.C before starting up the cryocooler, or the
coldhead may make grinding noise.
Pay attention to the contamination when charging a helium gas. The contamination may result in
occurrence of the noise from the Cold Head or decreasing the cooling capacity.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
6
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
INSPECTION
INSPECTION
“IMPORTANT”
If any irrecoverable damage is found by a test at the time of reception of the equipment described in this
service manual, please contact Sumitomo Heavy Industries.
The Cryocooler Model SRDK Series should be thoroughly inspected for evidence of damage upon receipt.
Proceed as follows to unpack and check the shipping damages as soon as you receive it.
1) Inspect the outside of each shipping container for visible damage. If you will be making a damage
claim, keep the shipping container, packing materials.
2) Carefully unpack the Cold Head, Compressor Unit, Flex Lines and Cables and inspect them for
damage.
COLD HEAD
Inspect the exterior of the Cold Head for evidence of damage.
(a) Overall exterior.
(b) Bent or dent of cylinder.
(c) Mounting flange and its sealing surfaces.
COMPRESSOR UNIT
The compressor should not be tilted by more than 30 degree at any time. Tilting the Compressor Unit
upside down causes damage of compressor capsule or oil contamination of the Helium gas line.
Inspect the exterior of the Compressor Unit for evidence of damage.
(a) Overall exterior.
(b) Oil leakage.
(c) Filling pressure.
2
The pressure gauge will be indicated 1.60 - 1.65 MPa (16.3 - 16.8 kgf/cm G, 232 -239 psig) minimum at
2
20 deg.C (68 deg.F). If the gauge indicates less than 1.60 MPa (16.3 kgf/cm G, 232 psig), refill Helium
gas as described in “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used. If the gauge indicates 0
2
MPa (0 kgf/cm G, 0 psig), there is a risk of helium contamination and Compressor Unit must be
replaced.
FLEX LINES AND ELECTRICAL CABLES
Inspect the Flex Lines for evidence of damage. Do not bend the Flex Line to less than a 300 mm (11.81
inch) radius or damage may occur. Also, avoid twisting the Flex Line when making final connections.
Inspect the Cold Head Power Cable and Input Power Cable for evidence of damage.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
7
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
PACKING AND RETURN
PACKING AND RETURN
Reinstall the caps on all Aeroquip connector to protect from the damage during transportation or shipping.
Reuse the package that was used for shipping.
Pack the Compressor Unit and Cold Head securely and properly.
Attach the caution label to prevent the tilting the Compressor Unit or upside down during transportation.
“IMPOTANT”
If you return the water-cooling type compressor unit to Sumitomo Heavy Industries, please let out the
cooling water.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
8
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
The SRDK Series Cryocooler is designed and manufactured in accordance with following standards.
EC Directives (EC)
・ EN60204-1 (1997)
・ EN61010-1 (1993; +A2)
・ EN55011 (1991)
・ EN50082-2 (1995)
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (USA)
・ UL-471 (Miscellaneous Refrigeration Equipment)
Japan Ministry of Trade and Industry
・ MITI Directory No.51
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
9
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
PRESSURE UNIT CONVERSION TABLE
PRESSURE UNIT CONVERSION TABLE
0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 [MPa] 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.0
0
1
3
4
6
7
9
10
12
13
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
0.1
14
16
17
19
20
22
23
25
26
28
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
0.2
29
30
32
33
35
36
38
39
41
42
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
0.3
43
45
46
48
49
51
52
54
55
57
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5.0
0.4
58
59
61
62
64
65
67
68
70
71
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
6.0
0.5
72
74
75
77
78
80
81
83
84
85
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
7.0
0.6
87
88
90
91
93
94
96
97
99 100
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.7
7.8
7.9
8.0
8.1
0.7
101 103 104 106 107 109 110 112 113 114
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
9.0
9.1
0.8
116 117 119 120 122 123 125 126 128 129
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9 10.0 10.1
0.9
130 132 133 135 136 138 139 141 142 143
10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.1
1.0
145 146 148 149 151 152 154 155 156 158
11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0 12.1
1.1
159 161 162 164 165 167 168 170 171 172
12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.2
1.2
174 175 177 178 180 181 183 184 185 187
13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.9 14.0 14.1 14.2
1.3
188 190 191 193 194 196 197 199 200 201
14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.9 15.0 15.1 15.2
1.4
203 204 206 207 209 210 212 213 214 216
15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.0 16.1 16.2
1.5
217 219 220 222 223 225 226 227 229 230
16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 16.9 17.0 17.1 17.2
1.6
232 233 235 236 238 239 241 242 243 245
17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3
1.7
246 248 249 251 252 254 255 256 258 259
18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.8 18.9 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3
1.8
261 262 264 265 267 268 270 271 272 274
19.4 19.5 19.6 19.7 19.8 19.9 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3
1.9
275 277 278 280 281 283 284 285 287 288
20.4 20.5 20.6 20.7 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3
2.0
290 291 293 294 296 297 298 300 301 303
21.4 21.5 21.6 21.7 21.8 21.9 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3
2.1
304 306 307 309 310 312 313 314 316 317
22.4 22.5 22.6 22.7 22.8 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4
2.2
319 320 322 323 325 326 327 329 330 332
23.5 23.6 23.7 23.8 23.9 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4
2.3
333 335 336 338 339 341 342 343 345 346
24.5 24.6 24.7 24.8 24.9 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4
2.4
348 349 351 352 354 355 356 358 359 361
25.5 25.6 25.7 25.8 25.9 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4
2.5
362 364 365 367 368 369 371 372 374 375
26.5 26.6 26.7 26.8 26.9 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4
2.6
377 378 380 381 383 384 385 387 388 390
27.5 27.6 27.7 27.8 27.9 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5
2.7
391 393 394 396 397 398 400 401 403 404
28.6 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5
2.8
406 407 409 410 412 413 414 416 417 419
29.6 29.7 29.8 29.9 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5
2.9
420 422 423 425 426 427 429 430 432 433
2
[kgf/cm G]
[psig]
2
1 [MPa] = 10.2 [kgf/cm G]
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
1 [MPa] = 114.9 [psig]
10
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1 INTRODUCTION
1-1 GENERAL INFORMATION
This manual provides instructions for initial inspection, installation, operation and service for the
component of SRDK Series Cryocooler system in Table 1.1.
Table 1.1 CRYOCOOLER MODELS COVERED IN THIS MANUAL
COMPONENT
MODEL
COLD HEAD
4K COLD HEAD
10K COLD HEAD
SINGLE STAGE COLD HEAD
COMPRESSOR UNIT
AIR COOLED (Low Voltage)
WATER COOLED (Low Voltage)
WATER COOLED (High Voltage)
FLEX LINE*
SUPPLY (Female - Female)
RETURN (Female - Female)
COLD HEAD POWER CABLE
RDK-408D2
RDK-408D
RDK-415D
RDK-408S2
RDK-408S
RDK-400B
CSA-71A
CSW-71C
CSW-71D
20 A x 6 m (19.7 feet)
20 A x 20 m (69.6 feet)
20 A x 6 m (19.7 feet) + Buffer Tank
20 A x 6 m (19.7 feet)
20 A x 20 m (69.6 feet)
20 A x 6 m (19.7 feet) + Buffer Tank
6 m (19.7 feet)
* To operate the RDK-415D and RDK-400B (including the special flange model) with specified cooling capacity, use
the 20A x 20m flex line or 20A x 6m flex line + Buffer Tank.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
11
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 SRDK SERIES CRYOCOOLER
1-2 SRDK SERIES CRYOCOOLER
The SRDK Series Cryocooler consists of a Cold Head, Compressor Unit, Flex Lines, and Cold Head
Power Cable.
The RDK series Cold Head is a GM cycle cryo-refrigerator. The function of the Cold Head is to produce
continuous closed-cycle refrigeration at temperatures, depending upon the heat load imposed.
The Cold Head has three (3) major components: the drive unit; the cylinder; and the displacer-regenerator
assembly, which is located inside the cylinder.
RDK-408D2 & RDK-408D & RDK-415D 4K Cold Heads are applied rare earth material for the second
stage displacer to produce 4K temperature. The second stage cooling capacity is approximately 1.0W at
4.2K for RDK-408D2 & RDK-408D, and 1.5W at 4.2K for RDK-415D.
RDK-408S2 & RDK-408S 10K Cold Head is the standard type Cold Head which are modified to produce
more cooling capacity for the second stage cold station compared with SHI previous standard type Cold
Head.
The second stage cooling capacity of RDK-408S2 & RDK-408S Cold Head is approximately 5W at 10K.
RDK-400B Single Stage Cold Head has only first stage displacer for cooling the shield.
The cooling capacity of RDK-400B is approximately 54W at 40K.
The Compressor Unit is required to operate the Cold Head. The Compressor Unit will provide the power
and the high-pressure helium gas for the Cold Head, and consisted of a compressor capsule, a cooling
system and lubricating oil mist Adsorber.
Functionally, the high-pressure helium gas from the Compressor Unit will be supplied to the Cold Head
through the helium gas supply connector. The supply gas will be passed into the displacer-regenerator
assembly, come out through the displacer-regenerator assembly to the crankcase through the motor
housing, and finally will be returned to the Compressor Unit through the helium gas return connector. The
helium gas expansion in the displacer-regenerator assembly will provide cooling condition for the first and
second-stage cold stations.
The Cryocooler requires the routine maintenance to keep the performance. The Adsorber replacement of
the Compressor Unit is required every 20,000 operating hours. The acting parts replacement of the Cold
Head is required to maintain every 10,000 operating hours.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
12
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 SRDK SERIES CRYOCOOLER
Cooling Air
Flow
Supply Flex Line
(yellow mark)
Cold Head
Power Cable
Cold Head
Return Flex Line
(green mark)
Air Cooled
Compressor Unit
Input Power Cable
AIR COOLED SYSTEM
Supply Flex Line
(yellow mark)
Cold Head
Power Cable
Cold Head
Cooling Water
Flow
Return Flex Line
(green mark)
Water Cooled
Compressor Unit
Input Power Cable
WATER COOLED SYSTEM
Figure 1.1 SRDK SERIES CRYOCOOLER SYSTEM
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
13
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-3 THEORY OF OPERATION
1-3 THEORY OF OPERATION
The SUMITOMO Helium Refrigerator operates on the GM (Gifford-McMahon) cycle.
The GM cycle is shown schematically in Figure 1.2 and consisted of a cylinder, closed at both ends, and
containing a displacer of a length about three quarters of the cylinder. The displacer is connected to a
drive mechanism so that it can be operated reciprocating action in the cylinder. The two volumes, one for
above and another for below the displacer, can be varied from zero to maximum but the total volume
remains constantly.
Compressor
Outlet Valve
Inlet Valve
Regenerator
Displacer
Figure 1.2 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF GM CYCLE REFRIGERATOR
The two spaces are connected through a thermal regenerator and to a gas supply. The gas supply
system is consisted of inlet and outlet valves, a helium gas compressor and high and low pressure
reservoirs. The valves are coupled to the rotary drive mechanism and their operation is synchronized with
the position of the displacer. A heat exchanger is included downstream of the helium gas compressor to
cool down the gas to ambient temperature after compression.
The pressure above and below the displacer will be the same level except for small pressure drops across
the regenerator when gas is flowing through it. The basic function for the displacer will be required to
displace a volume in the cylinder so that the gas will be moved up and down in the cylinder without
mechanical work.
Pressure in the system is increased or decreased by operation of the inlet or outlet valves.
The displacer is fit loosely in the cylinder except at the top equipped with a dynamic (sliding) seal to prevent
gas leakage through the space between displacer and cylinder.
The regenerator will be consisted of metallic material divided finely will cool the gas passing downward to
the cold space and heat the gas passing upward from the cold space.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
14
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-3 THEORY OF OPERATION
The refrigerator operates as follows;
PRESSURE BUILD-UP
With the displacer at the bottom of the cylinder and the
outlet valve closes and the inlet valve opens, increasing
the pressure level in the system. Fluid will be led
through the inlet valve to fill the regenerator and the
space above the displacer, volume 1.
Outlet Valve
Compressor
Inlet Valve
Volume 1
Regenerator
Displacer
PRESSURE BUILD-UP
INTAKE STROKE
With the inlet valve open, the displacer is moved from the
bottom to the top of the cylinder. This displaces high
pressure fluid from the space above the displacer,
volume 1, through the regenerator, to the space below
the displacer, volume 2.
In passing through the
regenerator, the gas cools causing the pressure to
decrease and further gas to enter the system to maintain
the maximum cycle pressure.
Volume 2
INTAKE STROKE
PRESSURE RELEASE AND EXPANSION
With the displacer at the top of the cylinder, the inlet
valve closes and outlet valve opens. Fluid escapes and
the pressure will decrease. The drop in pressure
causes a reduction in the gas temperature level. The
temperature decrease of gas in the bottom cylinder
space, volume 2, is the useful refrigeration process of
the cycle.
PRESSURE RELEASE AND EXPANSION
EXHAUST STROKE
With outlet valve open, the displacer moves from the top
to bottom of the cylinder, displacing fluid from volume
2(below) to volume 1, above the displacer. As it flows
through the regenerator, the fluid is heated to near
ambient temperature by the matrix. This process, can
be produced the cool in the matrix ready for the gas
entering in the succeeding cycle.
EXHAUST STROKE
Figure 1.3 PRINCIPLE OF GM CYCLE
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
15
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-1 GENERAL
2 INSTALLATION
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
Handle it with extreme care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting the installation. Failing to
observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
2-1 GENERAL
This section describes the installation of the Cold Head and the Compressor Unit, and how to connect the
Flex Lines and electrical cables. Be sure to read this section before installing the cryocooler.
2-2 TOOLS FOR INSTALLATION
The following tools are required for SRDK Series Cryocooler Installation.
Table 2.1 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR INSTALLATION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TOOLS
1“ Open-end wrench
1-1/8“ Open-end wrench
1-3/16“ Open-end wrench
Vacuum grease
Screwdriver (phillips(+), flathead(-))
Liquid Leak Detector
Cotton wipers
Bar wrench for M4
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
REMARK
For Flex Line connection
For Flex Line connection
For Flex Line connection
For O-ring of Vacuum Chamber
For Cold Head Cable and Input Power Cable connection
For leak check
For leak check
For Cold Head Installation to Vacuum Chamber
16
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-3 MOVING
2-3 MOVING
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not tilt it by more than 30 degrees when carrying the compressor unit. Tilting it by more than
30 degrees may cause oil sealed in the unit to move, preventing the cryocooler from operating
normally.
COMPRESSOR UNIT
The compressor should not be tilted by more than 30 degrees at any time.
Tilting the Compressor Unit causes damage of Compressor Capsule or oil contamination of the Helium
Gas Line.
COLD HEAD
The Cold Head Cylinder should not be bent or dent. The surface flatness of the Cold Head heat station
is critical to the thermal contact. Damage of the surface will cause performance loss.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
17
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-4 SITE REQUIREMENT
2-4 SITE REQUIREMENT
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not use inverter for the main power source of the compressor unit. Operating with inverter
may result in the damage or malfunction of the compressor electric circuit.
Avoid using the transformer for the main power source of the compressor unit. If the
transformer is installed at the upstream of the unit, lacking phase protection circuit with the
cryocooler occurs in a malfunction. That may result in misoperation or malfunction. When
using the transformer, install the other lacking phase protection device in upstream of the
transformer.
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing
to secure enough space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical
instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), sufficient space is
required for venting. Failing to secure sufficient space may result in misoperation or
malfunction. (See the CSA-71A technical instruction, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), it should be installed
in a clean environment. Installing it in a dusty environment such as inside a factory will require
frequent cleaning of the cooler fins or may result in misoperation or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), use cooling water
with appropriate temperature, flow rate and water quality. Using inappropriate cooling water
may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit
used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), do not use the
demineralized water for cooling water. Using demineralized water for cooling water may result
in water leakage or malfunction.
“IMPORTANT”
See “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used, for detail of Site Requirement.
The Compressor Unit can be installed at the field as complying with the Site Requirement;
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
18
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-4 SITE REQUIREMENT
2-4-1 REQUIRED FOR AIR COOLED COMPRESSOR UNIT
・ An almost level and even area in the field will be selected to install the Compressor Unit.
・ An area to be influenced by splashing water and/or dusts will not be selected to install the Compressor
Unit.
・ A clean environmental condition without dirt and/or free from an exhausted heat will be selected to install
the Compressor Unit in the field.
・ An efficient ventilated area will be required to free from an exhausted heat of the Compressor Unit in the
field.
・ A suitable air conditioning capacity will be secured for an installing area for the Compressor Unit in the
field.
・ Any object and/or obstacle cannot be positioned on a ventilation fan outlet in a top area of the enclosure
and/or on surroundings of the Compressor Cooler.
・ Any heat sensitive object cannot be positioned on surroundings of the Compressor Unit.
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE CONDITION
The ambient temperature must be between 5 deg.C (41 deg.F) and 28 deg.C (82.4 deg.F) to get the
specified cooling capacity. The system can operate up to 35 deg.C (95 deg.F) with less than 5%
cooling capacity down. The maximum relative air humidity is 85%RH.
HELIUM SUPPLY SYSTEM
A helium supply system is necessary if you need to decontaminate the helium gas, or or charge the
helium gas that has leaked out of the system. A helium supply system includes a Grade 5 (99.999%
up pure) helium gas bottle, a regulator, an outlet valve, and a charging hose or equivalent delivery line.
POWER SOURCE
Ensure the correct AC power source is available for the Compressor Unit.
INSTRUCTION” of CSA-71A, for AC power source requirement.
See “TECHNICAL
SAFETY / SEISMIC REQUIREMENT
Secure to lock the locking device of compressor castor.
SERVICE AREA
Air-cooled Compressor Unit should have enough space for air-flow as shown in “TECHNICAL
INSTRUCTION” of CSA-71A.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
19
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-4 SITE REQUIREMENT
2-4-2 REQUIRED FOR WATER COOLED COMPRESSOR UNIT
・ An almost level and even area in the field will be selected to install the Compressor Unit.
・ An area to be influenced by splashing water and/or dusts will not be selected to install the Compressor
Unit.
・ A clean environmental condition without dirt and/or free from an exhausted heat will be selected to install
the Compressor Unit in the field.
・ A quality of cooling water will be secured to use for an appropriate cooling of the Compressor Unit.
・ Any heat sensitive object cannot be positioned on surroundings of the Compressor Unit.
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE CONDITION
The ambient temperature must be between 5 deg.C (41 deg.F) and 28 deg.C (82.4 deg.F) to get the
specified cooling capacity. The system can operate up to 35 deg.C (95 deg.F) with less than 5%
cooling capacity down. The maximum relative air humidity is 85%RH.
HELIUM SUPPLY SYSTEM
A helium supply system is necessary if you need to decontaminate the helium gas, or charge the
helium gas that has leaked out of the system. A helium supply system includes a Grade 5 (99.999%
up pure) helium gas bottle, a regulator, an outlet valve, and a charging hose or equivalent delivery line.
POWER SOURCE
Ensure the correct AC power source is available for the Compressor Unit.
INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used, for AC power source requirement.
See “TECHNICAL
COOLING WATER
Ensure the correct cooling water is available for the Compressor Unit.
INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used, for the cooling water requirements.
See “TECHNICAL
ANTIFREEZE
Operating with Antifreeze (50/50 % mixture of water and ethylene glycol), the flow rate shall be 10%
larger than water flow rate and the pressure drop through the cooling water line will be 40% larger.
The larger circulating pump will be required for the Antifreeze. The admissible capacity range for
2
circulation pump will be more than 8 liter/min (2.1 gal./min) for flow rate and 0.29 MPa (3 kgf/cm G, 42
psig) for the pressure drop.
SAFETY / SEISMIC REQUIREMENT
Secure to lock the locking device of compressor castor.
SERVICE AREA
The Compressor Unit should have enough space as shown in “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of
Compressor Unit used.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
20
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-5 COLD HEAD INSTALLATION
2-5 COLD HEAD INSTALLATION
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
Do not break the vacuum with the low temperature of cold head second stage when removing
the cold head from the vacuum chamber. Breaking the vacuum may result in serious damage,
explosion or escape of gas. Keep the Flex Lines connected and maintain the high vacuum of
the chamber and wait until the cold head second stage temperature rises up to 100K before
removing the cold head.
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Be extremely careful not to damage the cylinder when mounting the cold head. Damaging the
cylinder may result in misoperation or malfunction.
The following procedures describe the inspection and installation of the Cold Head.
INSPECTION
Inspect the following parts of the Cold Head before installation for evidence of damage:
(1) Overall exterior.
(2) Bent or dent of cylinder.
(3) Supply and Return Aeroquip fittings.
(4) Cold Head power connector.
(5) Mounting flange and its sealing surface.
(6) Sealing surface or O-ring groove of User’s vacuum chamber.
INSTALLATION
The Cold Head can be mounted in any desired position and orientation.
Install the Cold Head into User’s cryostat or vacuum chamber with a prudent care.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
21
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-6 COMPRESSOR UNIT INSTALLATION
2-6 COMPRESSOR UNIT INSTALLATION
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
Do not install the equipment near places subject to condensation such as a watering place.
Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock or malfunction.
Do not install the equipment in a dusty environment. Failing to observe this precaution may
result in electric shock or malfunction.
WARNING
CAUTION
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
<Caution against misoperation>
This cryocooler is intended for the exclusive use indoors. It cannot be used outdoors. Failing
to observe this precaution may prevent the cryocooler from operating normally.
Do not get onto the compressor unit or put an object on top of it. Failing to observe this
precaution may prevent the cryocooler from operating normally or cause injury.
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing
to secure enough space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical
instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), sufficient space is
required for venting. Failing to secure sufficient space may result in misoperation or
malfunction. (See the CSA-71A technical instruction, for details.)
The procedures including the inspection and installation of the Compressor Unit will be mentioned below.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
22
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-6 COMPRESSOR UNIT INSTALLATION
INSPECTION
Prior to the installation, inspect the Compressor Unit as describe below;
1) Inspect the compressor overall exterior for damage, and evidence of oil leakage.
2) Make sure that the static pressure is specified value with supply pressure gauge of the Compressor
Unit. The static pressure needs to be adjusted for the type of Cold Head as described follows;
RDK-408D2
--------- 1.60 - 1.65 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
RDK-408D
(16.3 - 16.8 kgf/cm G, 232 - 239 psig)
RDK-415D
RDK-408S2
RDK-408S
RDK-400B
---------
1.45 - 1.50 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(14.8 - 15.3 kgf/cm G, 210 - 217 psig)
If the gauge reads less than specified value, refill Helium gas as described in Section 5-4.
2
If the gauge reads 0 MPa (0 kgf/cm G, 0 psig), there is a risk of helium contamination and the
Compressor Unit must be replaced.
3) Inspect following parts of the Compressor Unit before installation for evidence of damage.
(a) Overall exterior.
(b) Supply and Return Aero-quip type fittings.
(c) Gas charge Aero-quip type fittings.
(d) Oil leakage around the base panel.
INSTALLATION
Install the Compressor Unit to a level surface (less than 5 degrees). During installation, do not tilt the
Compressor Unit more than 30 degrees. The Compressor Unit can travel with 4 casters, and two of them
are with lock-devices. After positioning the Compressor Unit, the casters can be locked.
Check the site conditions as described in Section 2-4.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
23
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
The minimum bending radius of the flex lines is 300 mm (11. 81 inches). Bending the flex lines
at a smaller angle may cause explosion or escape of gas, and so this should be avoided.
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Be sure to check the flat rubber gasket of the self seal coupling of the cold head and compressor
unit for dirt, dust or to see whether the flat rubber gasket is attached correctly, before connecting
the flex lines. Connecting the flex lines with an abnormal flat rubber gasket setting may cause
escape of gas.
Be sure to start with the flex line on the "Return" side when connecting the flex lines to the cold
head. Starting with the flex line on the "Supply" side may cause misoperation.
“IMPORTANT”
When connecting the flex lines, tighten the self-seal coupling nut by hand at the first turn and finally
tighten it firmly using 3 wrenches. However, be careful not to tighten it excessively.
allowable tightening torque is 45 N・m.
The maximum
Make the connections between the Cold Head and Compressor Unit as follows;
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
24
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
FUNDAMENTAL
The Cold Head can be operated with a rotary valve to control the gas inlet / outlet timing of the
refrigeration cycle. The pressure difference between the supply and the return can be available to get
the seal between the rotary valve and the valve plate (as shown in the Figure). The return pressure
must be less than supply pressure in connecting the Flex Line. To avoid the malfunction of the Cold
Head, careful handling must be taken in connecting Flex Line.
In case the Cold Head will be operated with miss-connected flex lines, for example “Supply line” to
“Return connector” and “Return line” to “Supply connector”, the Rotary Valve will be pushed back by the
Supply pressure and the Cold Head will malfunction with no intake/exhaust noise.
Rotary Valve
Bearing
Return (Pr)
Return (Pr)
Supply (Ps)
Supply (Ps)
Valve Plate
To Displacer
NORMAL CONDITION
( Ps > Pr )
ABNORMAL CONDITION ( Ps = Pr )
CONNECTING PROCEDURE
1) Remove all protective caps of the supply and return Flex Lines, Cold Head and Compressor Unit.
2) Check all the flat rubber gaskets of self-sealing connectors to make sure of being clean and properly
positioned.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
25
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
3) Connect the Flex Lines (both Supply and Return) to the Compressor Unit.
4) Connect the Flex Lines to the Cold Head as follows;
1. First, connect the Return Flex Line.
2. Then connect the Supply Flex Line.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
26
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
CONNECTING PROCEDURE (in case of using the “Buffer Tank”)
In case of using the “Buffer Tank”, insert the “Buffer Tank” between the Compressor Unit and Flex Lines.
Refer to the Figure 2.1, outline view of the “Buffer Tank”, and the Figure 2.2, “Buffer Tank”
interconnecting diagram.
Connect the “Buffer Tank” with following procedure.
1) Connect the female coupling of “Tee-Adapter” to the male connector of the Compressor Unit for both
“Supply” and “Return”.
2) Place the “Buffer Tank” at the right side of the Compressor Unit.
3) Connect the “Tee-Adapter” and “Buffer Tank” by two “8A x 1m Flex Line”.
4) Connect the Flex Lines to the Tee-Adapters. Do not miss-match the “Supply” and “Return” marking
for both Flex Lines and Compressor Unit
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
27
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
Figure 2.1 OUTLINE VIEW OF THE “BUFFER TANK”
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
28
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
Figure 2.2 “BUFFER TANK” INTERCONNECTING DIAGRAM
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
29
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-7 CONNECTING FLEX LINES
LEAK CHECK
Check the helium gas leak of all connecting coupling as following procedure after connecting all Flex
Lines.
1) Sprinkle “Liquid Leak Detector” on the Flex line connecting coupling.
2) Keep watching carefully the sprinkled area and no gas leaking will be confirmed without any bubbling.
3) In case the bubbling is found, tighten the connecting coupling again and re-check the leakage. Do
not over tighten the connector.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
30
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-8 COLD HEAD POWER CABLE CONNECTION
2-8 COLD HEAD POWER CABLE CONNECTION
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting operation when connecting
or disconnecting the cold head power cable. Failing to observe this precaution may result in
electric shock.
Make the Cold Head Power Cable connection as follows;
Phillips Screwdriver(+) is required to connect the Cold Head Power Cable.
CONNECTION TO THE COLD HEAD
1. FOR CONVERSION CONNECTOR TYPE
Connect the Cold head Cable to the Conversion Connector directly.
2. FOR LIQUID TIGHT CONNECTOR TYPE
1) Set the connector of the Cold Head Cable to the terminal pins on the Cold Head Drive Motor.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
31
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-8 COLD HEAD POWER CABLE CONNECTION
2) Connect the ground terminal of the Cold Head Cable (green color wire with ring terminal) to rear
cover of Cold Head Drive Motor.
3) Mount the Terminal Cover on the Cold Head Motor with securing four(4) screws.
4) Tighten the Cable Clamp of the Terminal Cover.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
32
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-8 COLD HEAD POWER CABLE CONNECTION
3. CONVERTING THE COLD HEAD CONNECTION
1) Connect the ground terminal of the Conversion Connector (green color wire with ring terminal) to
rear cover of Cold Head Drive Motor.
2) Set the connector of the Conversion Connector to the terminal pins on the Cold Head Drive Motor.
3) Mount the Terminal Cover on the Cold Head Motor with securing four(4) screws.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
33
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-8 COLD HEAD POWER CABLE CONNECTION
CONNECTION TO THE COMPRESSOR UNIT
Connect the other end of the Cold Head Power Cable to the Cold Head Power Connector on the rear
panel of the Compressor Unit.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
34
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-9 INPUT POWER CABLE CONNECTION
2-9 INPUT POWER CABLE CONNECTION
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
Make sure the power specification of the cryocooler used conforms to the customer's power
supply before using the equipment. Using the cryocooler with a non-conforming power supply
may result in electric shock or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is the CSW-71D (water cooled, high voltage type), pay attention to
the setting of the applicable input supply voltage. The product is shipped with the input supply
voltage set to 480V. Before installing the equipment, be sure to check your supply voltage and
change it to the appropriate setting if necessary. Operating the equipment with your supply
voltage different from the setting of the compressor unit may result in electric shock or
malfunction.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the main power of the customer's power
source before connecting or disconnecting the input power cable to the Compressor Unit, and
then remove the input power cable from the main power. Failing to observe this precaution
may result in electric shock.
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under
any circumstances. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not use inverter for the main power source of the compressor unit. Operating with inverter
may result in the damage or malfunction of the compressor electric circuit.
Avoid using the transformer for the main power source of the compressor unit. If the
transformer is installed at the upstream of the unit, lacking phase protection circuit with the
cryocooler occurs in a malfunction. That may result in misoperation or malfunction.
When using the transformer, install the other lacking phase protection device in upstream of the
transformer.
“IMPORTANT”
This cryocooler is provided with a phase reverse protection circuit for the input power.
If the input
power is connected with reverse phase, the cryocooler does not start.
“IMPORTANT”
See “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used, for detail of Input Power Connection.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
35
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-1 PRELIMINARY CHECKS
3 OPERATION
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
Handle it with extreme care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Make sure the power specification of the cryocooler used conforms to the customer's power
supply before using the equipment. Using the cryocooler with a non-conforming power supply
may result in electric shock or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is the CSW-71D (water cooled, high voltage type), pay attention to
the setting of the applicable input supply voltage. The product is shipped with the input supply
voltage set to 480V. Before installing the equipment, be sure to check your supply voltage and
change it to the appropriate setting if necessary. Operating the equipment with your supply
voltage different from the setting of the compressor unit may result in electric shock or
malfunction.
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under
any circumstances. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
36
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-1 PRELIMINARY CHECKS
3-1 PRELIMINARY CHECKS
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) is shipped with a
2
helium gas at about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig) sealed in. Be sure to adjust the
pressure to an appropriate value according to the cold head used before operating the
equipment. Using the cryocooler at an improper pressure may cause misoperation.
The coldhead employs the special seal to the 2nd stage. The 2nd stage displacer is fit tightly in
the cylinder. Make sure the 2nd stage temperature is less than 28 deg.C before starting up the
cryocooler, or the coldhead may make grinding noise.
“IMPORTANT”
This cryocooler is provided with a phase reverse protection circuit for the input power.
If the input
power is connected with reverse phase, the cryocooler does not start.
Prior to starting Cryocooler, confirm that the Compressor Unit and the Cold Head are installed correctly as
described in Section 2.
CHECKING HELIUM GAS PRESSURE
Make sure that the static pressure is specified value with supply pressure gauge of the Compressor
Unit.
The static pressure needs to be adjusted for Cold Head as described follows;
COLD HEAD MODEL
RDK-408D2 4K Cold Head
RDK-408D 4K Cold Head
RDK-415D 4K Cold Head
RDK-408S2 10K Cold Head
RDK-408S 10K Cold Head
RDK-400B Single Stage Cold Head
For RDK-408D2 & 408D & 415D
STATIC PRESSURE
1.60 - 1.70 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(16.3 - 17.3 kgf/cm G, 232 - 246 psig)
1.45 - 1.55 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(14.8 - 15.8 kgf/cm G, 210 - 225 psig)
For RDK-408S2 & 408S & 400B
CHECKING ELECTRIC POWER, VOLTAGE AND PHASE
Check the line to line voltage and confirm it is ±10% of the specified value to meet the specification
described in each “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” for Compressor Unit used.
Confirm the phase of Input power and cable with correctly wired.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
37
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-2 START UP
3-2 START-UP OPERATION
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
The cryocooler ON/OFF frequency must be less than 6 times per hour, and the ON/OFF interval
must be more than 3 minutes. The frequent ON/OFF operation may result in damage of
compressor capsule or malfunction.
The cold head drive switch provided with the compressor unit is only used for maintenance. Be
sure to turn it OFF in normal operation. Using the compressor unit with the cold head drive
switch turned ON may result in misoperation or malfunction.
The coldhead employs the special seal to the 2nd stage. The 2nd stage displacer is fit tightly in
the cylinder. Make sure the 2nd stage temperature is less than 28 deg.C before starting up the
cryocooler, or the coldhead may make grinding noise.
“IMPORTANT”
This cryocooler is provided with a phase reverse protection circuit for the input power.
If the input
power is connected with reverse phase, the cryocooler does not start.
Start up the Cryocooler as mentioned below;
1) Make sure that the pressure gauge of the Compressor Unit is indicating correct static pressure of
your system with supply pressure gauge.
2) Check the setting of “Drive Switch”, “Cold Head Drive Switch” and “Remote Drive Switch”.
“Drive Switch”
--- OFF Position
“Cold Head Drive Switch” --- OFF Position
“Remote Drive Switch”
--- INT Position (for Water Cooled Compressor Unit only)
3) Turn on the "Main Power Switch".
For Air Cooled Compressor Unit
For Water Cooled Compressor Unit
4) Turn on the “Drive Switch”.
For Air Cooled Compressor Unit
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
For Water Cooled Compressor Unit
38
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-3 SHUT DOWN
3-3 SHUT-DOWN OPERATION
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
Do not break the vacuum with the low temperature of cold head second stage when removing
the cold head from the vacuum chamber. Breaking the vacuum may result in serious damage,
explosion or escape of gas. Keep the Flex Lines connected and maintain the high vacuum of
the chamber and wait until the cold head second stage temperature rises up to 100K before
removing the cold head.
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
The cryocooler ON/OFF frequency must be less than 6 times per hour, and the ON/OFF interval
must be more than 3 minutes. The frequent ON/OFF operation may result in damage of
compressor capsule or malfunction.
The cold head drive switch provided with the compressor unit is only used for maintenance. Be
sure to turn it OFF in normal operation. Using the compressor unit with the cold head drive
switch turned ON may result in misoperation or malfunction.
The coldhead employs the special seal to the 2nd stage. The 2nd stage displacer is fit tightly in
the cylinder. Make sure the 2nd stage temperature is less than 28 deg.C before starting up the
cryocooler, or the coldhead may make grinding noise.
Shut down operation for the Cryocooler as mentioned below;
1) Turn off the “Drive Switch”.
For Air Cooled Compressor Unit
For Water Cooled Compressor Unit
2) Turn off the “Main Power Switch”.
For Air Cooled Compressor Unit
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
For Water Cooled Compressor Unit
39
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-4 NORMAL OPERATION
3-4 NORMAL OPERATION
WARNING
<Warning about rotating part>
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), a venting fan
is provided in the exhaust section at the top of the compressor unit. Do not insert
foreign substances from the exhaust port under any circumstances. Failing to
observe this precaution may result in injury or malfunction.
“IMPOTANT”
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), note that the noise level of the
whole equipment may exceed 70 dBA depending on the environment it is used in.
EXHAUST SOUND
Starting Cryocooler, you can hear the gas inlet/outlet sound from the Cold Head. The sound of the
Cold Head is 60 rpm at 50 Hz and 72 rpm at 60 Hz respectively. During this checking, the Compressor
2
operating pressure will be around 2.5 MPa (25.5 kgf/cm G, 362 psig).
SUPPLY PRESSURE INDICATION
Monitor the compressor's supply He gas pressure. In the normal operation with adequate heat loads,
2
the supply helium gas pressure indicates between 2.1 and 2.3 MPa (21.4 and 23.5 kgf/cm G, 304 and
333 psig). The operating pressure varies according to the heat load of cold head and temperature
around the equipment.
COLD STAGE TEMPERATURE
Monitor the Cold Head 1st and 2nd stage temperature. The final temperature of the Cold Head
depends on the heat load such as radiation heat, applied heat load and convection caused by bad
vacuum of the chamber. If the temperature becomes steady state but high, the total heat loads to the
Cold Head is too much. Check the heat loads.
FLEX LINES TEMPERATURE
Make sure that the temperature of the supply Flex Line from the Compressor to the Cold Head does not
exceed 40 deg.C (104 deg.F). If the Flex Line temperature is higher, check the conditions of air flow
and cooler fins for Air Cooled Compressor Unit, and water flow for Water Cooled Compressor Unit.
COOLING AIR FLOW (for Air Cooled Compressor Unit)
If the system is with Air-Cooled Compressor Unit, identify that the forced draught Fan located at the top
of the Compressor Unit is continuously operating and that cooling air is drawn in through the heat
exchanger and flows out from the top cover of the Compressor Unit. It is required to keep the enough
space around the compressor and the room temperature should be less than 28 deg.C (82.4 deg.F)to
get the refrigeration capacity. The maximum heat output from Compressor is 8.3 kW or 28,320 BTU/h,
therefore, a suitable air-conditioning should be prepared.
COOLING WATER FLOW (for Water Cooled Compressor Unit)
If the system is with Water-Cooled Compressor Unit, make sure that the sufficient cooling water is
flowing as shown in the specification described in “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit
used. The quality of the water should meet the specification (The specification is also described in
“TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used.) to prevent plugging or calcification.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
40
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
4-1 SIMPLE PROBLEM
4 FUNCTIONAL CHECK
4-1 SIMPLE PROBLEM
This section describes several simple problems that usually occurred. If you have trouble that you cannot
fix according to the following procedure, proceed to “TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART” described in
Section 6.
4-1-1 PRESSURE
Cryocooler is designed and manufactured to get cooling capacity with specified Helium Gas Pressure. It is
highly recommended to check the pressure. If the indicated pressure is higher than specified value,
reduce the pressure. If it is lower, charge the helium gas. See “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Cold
Head used, to see the specified pressure of your system.
COLD HEAD MODEL
RDK-408D2 4K Cold Head
RDK-408D 4K Cold Head
RDK-415D 4K Cold Head
RDK-408S2 10K Cold Head
RDK-408S 10K Cold Head
RDK-400B Single Stage Cold Head
STATIC PRESSURE
1.60 - 1.70 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(16.3 - 17.3 kgf/cm G, 232 - 246 psig)
1.45 - 1.55 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(14.8 - 15.8 kgf/cm G, 210 - 225 psig)
After replacing Cold Head, it will be necessary to charge the Helium Gas because the temperature of the
Cold Head is usually lower than room temperature, therefore the system always lose helium gas.
4-1-2 ROOM TEMPERATURE
Room temperature affects the Cryocooler performance. It is highly recommended to keep the room
temperature in the specified range. See “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used, for
details.
COMPRESSOR UNIT MODEL
CSA-71A, CSW-71C, CSW-71D
ROOM TEMPERATURE RANGE
5 to 28 deg.C (41 to 82.4 deg.F)
28 to 35 deg.C (82.4 to 95 deg.F) with 5% Capacity Loss
4-1-3 MAIN POWER PHASE
The Cryocooler operates with 3 phase mains frequency. The Compressor Units are equipped with phase
reverse protection circuit to protect the Compressor Unit from reverse revolution. The Compressor Unit
will not start, in case the main power is reverse phase. A procedure for the diagnosis of phase failure for
input power caused by miss-wiring will be performed, if the Compressor Unit cannot be operated as normal
in a condition of the “Drive Switch - ON” under the “Main Power Switch - ON”.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
41
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
4-2 HELIUM LEAK
4-2 HELIUM LEAK
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
The Cold Head cannot be performed a required cooling power in normal operations, as the result of the
He-gas pressure reducing gradually in the Cold Head in condition of occurring a He-gas Leak in the
Cryocooler. The Compressor unit will be shut down as the function of the Low Pressure Switch to be
sensed and excessive lower He-gas pressure, and verify the charged He-gas pressure in the Compressor
Unit as specified pressure. The charged He-gas pressure will be indicated individually for each
application, and see “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of the Cold Head used.
COLD HEAD MODEL
RDK-408D2 4K Cold Head
RDK-408D 4K Cold Head
RDK-415D 4K Cold Head
RDK-408S2 10K Cold Head
RDK-408S 10K Cold Head
RDK-400B Single Stage Cold Head
STATIC PRESSURE
1.60 - 1.70 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(16.3 - 17.3 kgf/cm G, 232 - 246 psig)
1.45 - 1.55 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(14.8 - 15.8 kgf/cm G, 210 - 225 psig)
A Leak detector will be applied to leak area hunting for convenience, and “Liquid Leak Detector” also will
be useful to check the He-gas leaking of couplings for the Flex Line by watching any bubbling carefully, if
the Leak Detector not in use at the field.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
42
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
5-1 GENERAL INFORMATION FOR THE MAINTENANCE
5 MAINTENANCE
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
Handle it with extreme care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before connecting or disconnecting the
cold head power cable. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the main power of the customer's power
source before connecting or disconnecting the input power cable to the Compressor Unit, and
then remove the input power cable from the main power. Failing to observe this precaution
may result in electric shock.
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under
any circumstances. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the customer's main power before performing
maintenance work such as replacement of fuses. Failing to observe this precaution may result
in electric shock.
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
Do not disassemble the equipment for purposes other than maintenance specified in this
service manual under any circumstances. Disassembling the equipment may result in electric
shock, explosion or escape of gas.
The cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber and flex lines are pressurized with helium
gas. Purge the helium gas from all pressurized components before disposing. Open the
purging valve gradually or it may result in serious injury.
Do not break the vacuum with the low temperature of cold head second stage when removing
the cold head from the vacuum chamber. Breaking the vacuum may result in serious damage,
explosion or escape of gas. Keep the Flex Lines connected and maintain the high vacuum of
the chamber and wait until the cold head second stage temperature rises up to 100K before
removing the cold head.
WARNING
<Warning about rotating part>
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), a venting fan is
provided in the exhaust section at the top of the compressor unit. Do not insert foreign
substances from the exhaust port under any circumstances. Failing to observe this precaution
may result in injury or malfunction.
WARNING
The Adsorber weight is about 11.0kg. When replace the adsorber, be careful of handling so that
it may not get hurt.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
43
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
5-1 GENERAL INFORMATION FOR THE MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not get on the compressor unit or put an object on top of it. Failing to observe this
precaution may prevent the cryocooler from operating normally or cause injury.
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing
to secure enough space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical
instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), sufficient space is
required for venting. Failing to secure sufficient space may result in misoperation or
malfunction. (See the CSA-71A technical instruction, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), it should be installed
in a clean environment. Installing it in a dusty environment such as inside a factory will require
frequent cleaning of the cooler fins or may result in misoperation or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), use cooling water
with appropriate temperature, flow rate and water quality. Using inappropriate cooling water
may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit
used, for details.)
The cold head drive switch provided with the compressor unit is only used for maintenance. Be
sure to turn it OFF in normal operation. Using the compressor unit with the cold head drive
switch turned ON may result in misoperation or malfunction.
5-1 GENERAL INFORMATION FOR THE MAINTENANCE
The SRDK CRYOCOOLER system is to be required the routine maintenance for long term and continuous
as every 10,000 Hrs on an actual installation.
The basic maintenance work is to replace the existing Cold Head composed of acting parts for every
10,000 Hrs operation and additional replacement of oil mist Adsorber of the Compressor Unit for every
20,000 Hrs operation as mentioned in Table 5.1.
Table 5.1 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
MAINTENANCE
Replace Cold Head’s parts
(Parts inside Cold Head)
Replace Compressor Adsorber
Charge Helium Gas to Compressor
Compressor Fuse Replacement
Cleaning Air Cooler
(Air-Cooled Compressor)
Cleaning Water Line
(Water-Cooled Compressor)
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
FREQUENCY
Every 10,000 Hrs.
REMARKS
Not a User’s Maintenance
Return the Cold Head to SHI.
Every 20,000 Hrs.
As required
As required
At least one time per year
As required
Depending on the Compressor
site conditions.
Depending on the Water Quality
44
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
5-2 COLD HEAD MAINTENANCE
5-2 COLD HEAD MAINTENANCE
The Cold Head is required to replace the sliding parts inside every 10,000 Hrs. This is not a user’s
Maintenance. Replace the Cold Head completely at site and return it to Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
for refurbishment.
5-3 COMPRESSOR UNIT MAINTENANCE
“IMPORTANT”
See “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used, for detail of the Compressor Unit
maintenance.
The Compressor Units are required to replace Adsorber every 20,000 Hrs. The Adsorber is compatible
for both air-cooled and water-cooled Compressor.
FOR “AIR COOLED” COMPRESSOR
It is important to keep the heat exchanger clean. It is required to clean the heat exchanger once a year.
However, if the room is dirty and/or dusty, it will be required to clean the heat exchanger more than once
a year.
FOR “WATER COOLED” COMPRESSOR
The Compressor requires cooling water. The quality of the cooling water should meet the specification
described “TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION” of Compressor Unit used. It can be required to clean the
cooling water line inside/outside the Compressor, if the cooling water is insufficient.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
45
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
5-4 HELIUM GAS CHARGING
5-4 HELIUM GAS CHARGING
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Pay attention to the contamination when charging a helium gas. The contamination may result in
occurrence of the noise from the Cold Head or decreasing the cooling capacity.
“IMPORTANT”
The filling pressure of the cryocooler varies in accordance with the compressor and coldhead
temperature.
Make sure the cryocooler is powered off and compressor and coldhead temperatures are
almost same as room temperature before adjusting the helium gas pressure.
Charge helium gas, if the pressure indication of the Compressor Unit is lower than specified value.
After stopping the cryocooler, the pressure indication on the Indoor Unit pressure gauge shows lower than
actual filling pressure, because of the low temperature of the coldhead. The coldhead temperature and
compressor unit temperature needs to be equal to ambient temperature to check the actual filling
pressure.
The filling pressure indication depends on the temperature of cryocooler components, such as Coldhead,
Outdoor Unit, Indoor Unit and Flex Lines. In case the room temperature is relatively low, the filling pressure
indicates lower. In case the room temperature is relatively high, the filling pressure indicates higher.
Refer to the ambient temperature to adjust the filling pressure precisely.
REQUIRED TOOLS
The following tools are required to charge helium gas to the Cryocooler system.
Table 5.2 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR HELIUM GAS CHARGE
1
2
3
4
5
TOOLS
Gas charging tool for the Compressor Unit.
3/4“ Open-end wrench.
5/8“ Open-end wrench.
Pressure regulator for helium gas bottle
Helium gas bottle
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
REMARK
Purity of 99.999% up
46
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
5-4 HELIUM GAS CHARGING
PROCEDURE
1) Remove the protective cap from the gas charge coupling on the Compressor Unit. Connect a
pressure regulator and charging line to a helium bottle (purity 99.999% up). Connect a gas charging
tool to the Compressor Unit after closing the valve of gas charging tool.
2) Open the valve of pressure regulator slightly and slowly. Purge a Helium Gas for about 30 seconds
to vent the contamination in the charging line. Reduce the helium gas flow by controlling the valve of
pressure regulator and keep the slight helium gas flow.
3) Purge the air in the gas charging tool for about 5 seconds by opening the valve of gas charging tool.
Reduce the helium gas flow by controlling the valve of gas charging tool and keep the slight helium
gas flow.
4) Connect a charging line to a gas charging tool. Shut the valve of gas charging tool immediately.
2
5) Set the pressure regulator around 1.65 - 1.70 MPa (16.8 - 17.3 kgf/cm G, 239 - 246 psig).
6) Open the valve of gas charging tool slightly and slowly. Charge Helium gas till the pressure gauge of
the Compressor Unit indicates specified filling pressure and shut the valve. See “TECHNICAL
INSTRUCTION” for more detail of the pressure, Cold Head used.
COLD HEAD MODEL
RDK-408D2 4K Cold Head
RDK-408D 4K Cold Head
RDK-415D 4K Cold Head
RDK-408S2 10K Cold Head
RDK-408S 10K Cold Head
RDK-400B Single Stage Cold Head
STATIC PRESSURE
1.60 - 1.70 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(16.3 - 17.3 kgf/cm G, 232 - 246 psig)
1.45 - 1.55 MPa at 20 deg.C (68 deg.F)
2
(14.8 - 15.8 kgf/cm G, 210 - 225 psig)
7) Shut the valve of gas charging tool and pressure regulator. Disconnect the charging line and gas
charging tool from the Compressor Unit.
8) Set the protective cap to gas charge coupling on the Compressor Unit.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
47
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
Handle it with extreme care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting operation when connecting
or disconnecting the cold head power cable. Failing to observe this precaution may result in
electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the main power of the customer's power b
connecting or disconnecting the input power cable to the Compressor Unit, and then remove the
input power cable from the main power. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric
shock.
Pay special attention to its wiring when using the external connector on the compressor unit.
Connecting a jumper wire between Pins No.6 - No.8, No.6 - No.13 and No.6 - No.15 may result
in misoperation in some of safety devices in the equipment, causing electric shock, burn or
malfunction.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the customer's main power before performing
maintenance work such as replacement of fuses. Failing to observe this precaution may result
in electric shock.
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high2
pressure (about 1.62 MPa (16.5 kgf/cm G, 235 psig)) helium gas sealed in. Hitting the
equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause explosion or escape
of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
Do not disassemble the equipment for purposes other than maintenance specified in this
service manual under any circumstances. Disassembling the equipment may result in electric
shock, explosion or escape of gas.
Do not break the vacuum with the low temperature of cold head second stage when removing
the cold head from the vacuum chamber. Breaking the vacuum may result in serious damage,
explosion or escape of gas. Keep the Flex Lines connected and maintain the high vacuum of
the chamber and wait until the cold head second stage temperature rises up to 100K before
removing the cold head.
WARNING
WARNING
<Warning about rotating part>
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), a venting fan is
provided in the exhaust section at the top of the compressor unit. Do not insert foreign
substances from the exhaust port under any circumstances. Failing to observe this precaution
may result in injury or malfunction.
The Adsorber weight is about 11.0kg. When replace the adsorber, be careful of handling so that
it may not get hurt.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
48
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing
to secure enough space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical
instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), sufficient space is
required for venting. Failing to secure sufficient space may result in misoperation or
malfunction. (See the CSA-71A technical instruction, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is the CSA-71A (air cooled, low voltage type), it should be installed
in a clean environment. Installing it in a dusty environment such as inside a factory will require
frequent cleaning of the cooler fins or may result in misoperation or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), use cooling water
with appropriate temperature, flow rate and water quality. Using inappropriate cooling water
may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit
used, for details.)
The cold head drive switch provided with the compressor unit is only used for maintenance. Be
sure to turn it OFF in normal operation. Using the compressor unit with the cold head drive
switch turned ON may result in misoperation or malfunction.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
49
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
The major trouble at the customer site can be solved by following trouble shooting flow chart.
In case, the trouble can not be solved by these flows, please make contact to SHI.
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Cryogenics Division
Address; 2-1-1 Yato-cho, Nishitokyo-City,
Tokyo 188-8585, Japan
TEL No. +81-424-68-4240
FAX No. +81-424-68-4219
E-mail
cryo@shi.co.jp
URL
http://www.shi.co.jp/cryopage
Customer Support
TEL No. +81-424-68-4264
FAX No. +81-424-68-4462
Oversea Bases
SHI-APD Cryogenics, Inc.
Adress; 1833 Vultee Street, Allentown, PA 18103-4783, USA
TEL No. +1-610-791-6700
FAX No. +1-610-791-0440
E-mail
sales@apdcryogenics.com
URL
http://www.apdcryogenics.com
Sumitomo (SHI) Cryogenics of America, Inc.
Adress; 870 Cambridge Dr., Elk Grove Village, IL 60007, USA
TEL No. +1-847-290-5801
FAX No. +1-847-290-1084
E-mail
scaimain@aol.com
SHI-APD Cryogenics (Europe), Ltd.
Adress; 2 Eros House, Calleva Industrial Park Aldermaston, Berkshire RG7 8LN, UK
TEL No. +44-118 981 9373
FAX No. +44-118 981 7601
E-mail
marketing@apd-cryo.demon.co.uk
SHI Cryogenics Europe Gmbh
Adress; Dolivostrasse 9, D-64293 Darmstadt, Germany
TEL
+49-(0) 6151-86061-0
FAX
+49-(0) 6151-800252
E-mail
Yst_Taguchi@shi.co.jp
H.Fontes@shicryo-e.de
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
50
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING
Case of Trouble
System stopped
during normal operation
The Compressor Unit stoped with
the Main Power Switch "ON"
and Drive Switch "ON"
FLOW A
The Compressor Unit stoped with
the Main Power Switch tripped
and Drive Switch "ON"
FLOW B
Cryocooler will not started
FLOW B
Cold Head Cooling Power is
low
FLOW C
No intake and exhaustnoise
from Cold Head
FLOW C
Abnormal noise
from Cold Head
FLOW D
Abnormal noise
from Compressor Unit
FLOW D
Pressure relief valve operates
FLOW D
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
51
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
FLOW A
System stopped during
normal operation
In c a s e the C omp res s o r U ni t s top ped b y h i gh
temperature, it takes from 20 to 60 minutes for
thermostat reset and Compressor Unit recovery.
The Compressor Unit stoped with
the Main Power Switch "ON"
and Drive Switch "ON"
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
Check the ambient temperature
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-1-2
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
< For CSA-71A >
Check the dust of
heat exchanger
Control the circumstance
to the specified temperature
Normal
Check the Filling pressure
Abnormal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-1, 5-4
Abnormal
Reference;
CSW-71C, CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
< For CSW-71C,D >
Check the cooling water
(temp., flow rate, etc.)
Abnormal
Check the leakage of
the flex line connections
Normal
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-1
< For CSA-71A >
Check the air flow space of
the Compressor Unit
Normal
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
Abnormal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-1, 5-4
Correct the error(s)
then
Adjust the filling pressure
Abnormal
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-1
Ensure the enough space
Reference;
CSW-71C, CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
Check the fuses of
the Compressor Unit
Abnormal
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Adjust the voltage setting
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
Check the user's power source
(Fuse(s), circuit breakers,
capacity and circuit wiring)
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-2
< For CSW-71D >
Check the input power voltage
and frequency setting of
the Compressor Unit
Normal
Adjust the filling pressure
Normal
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-1-2
Clean the heat exchanger
Normal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-1
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
Cold Head need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
Replace the fuse(s)
Normal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Check the input power cable
connection
Normal
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Correct the error(s)
52
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
FLOW B
System stopped during
normal operation
In c a s e the C omp res s o r U ni t s top ped b y h i gh
temperature, it takes from 20 to 60 minutes for
thermostat reset and Compressor Unit recovery.
Cryocooler will not started
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-3, 4-1-4
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
The Compressor Unit stoped with
the Main Power Switch tripped
and Drive Switch "ON"
Check the input
power cable connection
(No connection,
Reverse phase, etc.)
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Abnormal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-3, 4-1-4
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Correct the error(s)
Check the input power cable
connection
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Normal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
Check the fuses of
the Compressor Unit
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-3-2
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
< For CSW-71C,D >
Check the Remort Drive Switch
position
Replace the fuse(s)
< For CSW-71D >
Check the input power voltage
and frequency setting of
the Compressor Unit
Abnormal
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Adjust the voltage setting
Normal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
Check the user's power source
(Fuse(s), circuit breakers,
capacity and circuit wiring)
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Normal
In case the remort operation
does not required, awitch to
"INT" position.
Compressor Unit need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
Check the user's power source
(Fuse(s), circuit breakers,
capacity and circuit wiring)
Normal
INT
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
EXT
Abnormal
Correct the error(s)
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
< For CSW-71D >
Check the input power voltage
and frequency setting of
the Compressor Unit
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
Abnormal
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Check the customer's
remort circuit
(Over current caused by
short circuit, etc.)
Abnormal
Adjust the voltage setting
Cryocooler need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
Normal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-3-2
Remort operation
with external terminal
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Compressor Unit need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
not use
use
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
53
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
FLOW C
No intake and exhaust noise
from Cold Head
Cold Head Cooling Power is low
Reference;
CSW-71C, CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-1
Check the filling pressure
Abnormal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-1, 5-4
<For CSW-71C,D>
Check the cooling water
(temperature, flow rate, etc.)
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 2-8
Abnormal
Adjust the filling pressure
Normal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-2
Check the leakage of
the flex line connections
Normal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
Check the ambient temperature
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-1, 5-4
Correct the error(s)
then
Adjust the filling pressure
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
Check the vacuum
< For CSA-71A >
Check the air flow space of
the Compressor Unit
Abnormal
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-1
Normal
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
Cold Head Power Cable
need to be replaced
Normal
Check the termal interface of
the Cold Head 1st and 2nd stage
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
Check the fuses of
the Compressor Unit
Abnormal
Repair the interface
for good thermal conductivity
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
Replace the fuse(s)
Normal
Reference;
Cold Head
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
Check the heat load to
the Cold Head
Abnormal
Cold Head need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
Abnormal
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-1-2
< For CSA-71A >
Check the dust of
heat exchanger
Check the Cold Head
Power Cable snapping
Abnormal
Normal
Ensure the enough space
Normal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 2-8
Correct the error(s)
Correct the leak and fix it
Normal
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-1
Abnormal
Normal
Normal
Abnormal
Check the Cold Head
Power Cable connection
Correct the error(s)
Control the circumstance to
the specified temperature
Normal
Reference;
CSW-71C, CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1
Abnormal
Reference;
CSA-71A
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-1-2
Clean the heat exchanger
Cold Head need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
Following infomation will be useful
for failure mode analysis
Damage of Cold Head Cilynder:
Warm up and remove the Cold Head
and check the dent, bend or damage of
the Cold Head Cilynder.
54
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
6 TROUBLE SHOOTING FLOW CHART
FLOW D
Abnormal noise
from Cold Head
Abnormal noise
from Compressor Unit
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 2-8
Check the Cold Head
Power Cable connection
Pressure relief valve operates
Abnormal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 2-8
< For CSW-71D >
Check the input power voltage
and frequency setting of
the Compressor Unit
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 2-7
Abnormal
Reference;
CSW-71D
Technical Insuruction
Section 2-2
Check the flex line connections
Adjust the voltage setting
Normal
Normal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
Reference;
Operation Manual
Section 4-1-1, 5-4
Abnormal
Correct the error(s)
Adjust the filling pressure
Check the Cold Head
Power Cable snapping
Check the user's power source
(Fuse(s), circuit breakers,
capacity and circuit wiring)
Abnormal
Cold Head Power Cable
need to be replaced
Normal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
Check the fuses of
the Compressor Unit
Correct the error(s)
Normal
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 3-2
Abnormal
Reference;
Compressor Unit
Technical Insuruction
Section 1-1, 2-2
Re-start the Compressor Unit
Cold Head need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
In case the failure will be reproduced,
the system needs to be repaired
(Contact to SHI)
Replace the fuse(s)
Normal
Cold Head need to be rapaired
(Contact to SHI)
Following infomation will be useful
for failure mode analysis
Cold Head Motor Resistance:
Measure the coil resistance between
the terminal pins of Cold Head Motor.
SPEC.: 250ohm +/- 15%
Cold Head Motor Insulation:
Measure the insulation resistance between
the terminal pins and the Cold Head casing.
SPEC.: >1Mohm
Damage of Cold Head Cilynder:
Warm up and remove the Cold Head
and check the dent, bend or damage of
the Cold Head Cilynder.
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
55
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
7 OPERATING LOG
7 OPERATING LOG
Maintaining a log of the records of the temperature indication and pressure during normal operation is a
valuable means for troubleshooting. A sample operating log is mentioned to Figure 7.1. It is highly
advisable to create and maintain a detailed operating log for your Cryocooler.
page
.
OPERATING LOG
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
Installation Date
Cold Head Serial Number :
Compressor Unit Serial Number :
Date
Time
Elapsed
Time
.
.
.
Lowest
Temperature
Supply
Pressure
Remarks
Figure 7.1 OPERATING LOG
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
56
OPERATION MANUAL
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
REVISION CONTROL
REVISION CONTROL
Manual
No.
CD32ZZ-063
Revision
-A
-B
-C
-D
-E
-F
-G
-H
-I
SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
Remarks
Publication of first edition.
Change the SHI address.
Change the description of start up operation.
Add the start-up temperature CAUTION.
Add the description of helium gas charging.
Change the WARNING descriptions.
Add the transformer-use CAUTION.
Change the division name.
Add the description for the RDK-408D2 and S2
Cold Head.
Date
DEC. 10 / 1999
JAN. 25 / 2001
MAR. 21 / 2001
JAN. 21 / 2002
APR. 1 / 2002
JUL. 11 / 2002
FEB. 28 / 2003
JUN. 9 / 2003
DEC. 18 / 2003
MANUAL NUMBER: CD32ZZ-068Q
DATE: December 1 / 2009
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
CSW-71C
COMPRESSOR UNIT
For Service Personnel Only
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Cryogenics Division
2-1-1 Yato-cho, Nishitokyo-City,
Tokyo 188-8585, Japan
E-mail: cryo@shi.co.jp
URL: http://www.shicryogenics.com
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
1
ITEM
PAGE No.
CROSS REFERANCE
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
2
1-1
SPECIFICATIONS
2
1-2
CONSTRUCTION
6
1-2-1
CONTROLS AND COUPLINGS
6
1-2-2
GAS AND OIL FLOW IN THE COMPRESSOR UNIT
9
1-2-3
INTERNAL COMPONENTS
11
1-3
ELECTRICAL DESCRIPTION
13
1-3-1
EXTERNAL CONNECTOR
13
1-3-2
SAFETY DEVICES
14
2
INSTALLATION
15
2-1
SITE REQUIREMENT
17
2-2
INPUT POWER CABLE CONNECTION
19
3
MAINTENANCE
3-1
PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE
3-1-1
3-2
REPLACEMENT OF THE COMPRESSOR ADSORBER
FUSE REPLACEMENT
APPENDIX
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC
DRAWINGS
REVISION CONTROL
CSW-71C
21
22
23
27
28
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
CROSS REFERENCE
CROSS REFERENCE
Thoroughly read this manual and following manuals before using this equipment.
MANUAL NAME
MANUAL No.
OPERATION MANUAL SRDK Series CRYOCOOLER
CD32ZZ-063
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-408D2 4K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-160
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-408S2 10K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-161
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-408S 10K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-065
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-400B SINGLE STAGE COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-066
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION RDK-415D 4K COLD HEAD*
CD32ZZ-070
* See TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION of Cold Head used.
CSW-71C
1
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-1 SPECIFICATIONS
1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1-1 SPECIFICATIONS
The specifications of CSW-71C Helium Compressor Unit are summarized in Table 1.1.
Table 1.1
CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT SPECIFICATION
for RDK-408D2, 415D
Dimension
Width
Length
Height
Helium Gas Pressure
Static
Operating (High Side)**
(for Reference)
Ambient Temperature Range
Humidity Range
Mass
Electrical Requirement
Power Line Voltage
(+/-10%)
for RDK-408S2, 408S, 400B
450.0 mm
500.0 mm*
686.5 mm
1.60 - 1.65 MPa at 20 deg.C
2.00 - 2.20 MPa --- approx.
1.45 - 1.50 MPa at 20 deg.C
2.00 - 2.20 MPa --- approx.
5 to 35 deg.C
(28 to 35 deg.C with 5% Capacity Loss)
25 to 85 %RH
(without dew)
117 kg --- approx.
AC 200V / 50, 60 Hz, 3 phase (3W+PE)
(delta:ground, Commercial Power Source)
“WARNING”
Do not use inverter for the main power source.
Operating Current
Min. Circuit Ampacity
Max. Fuse or
Circuit Breaker Size
Power Requirement
Power Consumption
Cooling water requirement
Temperature Range
Flow Rate
Quality
Pressure Relief Valve Setting
Gas Supply Connector
Gas Return Connector
Max. 25 A
35 A
60 A
Minimum
9 kVA
Recommended 12 kVA
Max. 8.3 kW / Steady State 7.5kW
Max. 7.2 kW / Steady State 6.5kW
at 60Hz
at 50Hz
See the ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC of “APPENDIX” for detail.
“CAUTION”
Do not use the demineralized water for cooling water.
4 to 28 deg.C
See the Figure 1.1 and Table 1.2
7 to 10 liter/min at 28deg.C
See the Figure 1.1 and Table 1.2
See the Table 1.2
2.61 - 2.75 MPa
1/2-inch Coupling
1/2-inch Coupling
* Input Power Cable Terminal Cover is 98.0 mm.
See the Figure 1.2.
** The operating pressure varies according to the heat load of cold head and temperature around the equipment.
CSW-71C
2
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-1 SPECIFICATIONS
COOLING WATER REQUIREMENT
The typical flow characteristics are shown in Figure 1.1, and cooling water requirement are shown in
Table 1.2.
For Water
3.0
Cooling Water Flow Rate
[gallon/min.]
Cooling Water Flow Rate
[liter/min.]
11
10
9
Admissible Range
8
7
6
5
4
2.5
Admissible Range
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
3
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
30
32
40
50
60
70
80
90
Cooling Water Inlet Temperature [deg.F]
Cooling Water Inlet Temperature [deg.C]
For Antifreeze (50/50 % mixture of water and ethylene glycol or propylene glycol.)
The larger circulating pump will be required for the Antifreeze
3.0
10
9
Cooling Water Flow Rate
[gallon/min.]
Cooling Water Flow Rate
[liter/min.]
11
Admissible Range
8
7
6
5
4
3
2.5
Admissible Range
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Cooling Water Inlet Temperature [deg.F]
Cooling Water Inlet Temperature [deg.C]
0.50
Pressure Drop [psi]
Pressure Drop [MPa]
Pressure Drop (For Water and For Antifreeze)
Water
0.40
Antifreeze
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
Water Flow [liter/min.]
Figure 1.1
CSW-71C
9.0
10.0
70.0
60.0
Water
50.0
Antifreeze
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
Water Flow [gallon/min.]
COOLING WATER TYPICAL FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
3
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-1 SPECIFICATIONS
COOLING WATER SPECIFICATIONS
Inlet Temperature Range [deg.C]
Inlet Pressure Range [MPa]
Flow Rate [liter/min.]
Pressure Drop [MPa]
[4.0 ~ 28.0]
[0.10 ~ 0.69]
[4.0 ~ 10.0]
[0.025 ~ 0.085]
<Steady State>
Heat Output [kW]
QUALITY
CHARACTERISTICS
Table 1.2
CSW-71C
pH Value
Electrical Conductivity
Chloride Ion
Sulfate Ion
M-Alkalinity
Total Hardness
Calcium Hardness
Ionic Silica
Iron
Copper
Sulfide Ion
Ammonium ion
Residual Chlorine
Free Carbon Dioxide
Stability Index
Suspended Matter
Particle Size
<Maximum>
[< 6.5] for 50Hz
[< 7.5] for 60Hz
[< 7.2] for 50Hz
[< 8.3] for 60Hz
6.5 to 8.2 at 25 deg.C
< 80 mS / m
< 200 mg/liter
< 200 mg/liter
< 100 mg/liter
< 200 mg/liter
< 150 mg/liter
< 50 mg/liter
< 1.0 mg/liter
< 0.3 mg/liter
None, Not detectable
< 1.0 mg/liter
< 0.3 mg/liter
< 4.0 mg/liter
6.0 to 7.0
< 10 mg/liter
< 100 μm
4
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-1 SPECIFICATIONS
Figure 1.2
CSW-71C
OUTLINE VIEW FOR COMPRESSOR UNIT MODEL CSW-71C
5
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
The function of the Compressor Unit is to supply high pressure He gas to the Cold Head and
re-compress the returned He gas from the Cold Head. The Compressor Unit consists of the following
major components: a Compressor Capsule, a Cooling system, Oil separation and injection system, and
Adsorber.
1-2-1 CONTROLS AND COUPLINGS
The controls and coupling for CSW-71C are described in Table 1.3 and Figure 1.3.
Table 1.3
CONTROLS AND COUPLINGS FOR CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT
No.
ITEM
1
MAIN POWER SWITCH : (QF1)
2
DRIVE SWITCH : (SA1)
3
COLD HEAD DRIVE SWITCH :
(SA2)
4
REMOTE DRIVE SWITCH :
(SA3)
5
INDICATING LAMP : (HL)
6
SUPPLY PRESSURE GAUGE
7
HOUR METER : (HM)
8
FIELD TERMINAL : (TB0)
9
GROUND TERMINAL : (PE)
CSW-71C
FUNCTIONS
A twist handle for main electric power supply and for protection from
over-current and short-circuit.
A seesaw switch for start-up and shut-down operation for the
compressor unit. The refrigerating system can be in a operating
condition by the DRIVE SWITCH “ON” after switching the MAIN POWER
SWITCH “ON” condition.
A switch for operating the COLD HEAD maintenance only. Under the
MAIN POWER SWITCH “ON” and the DRIVE SWITCH “OFF”.
Caution; Be sure to turn it OFF in normal operation.
Using the compressor unit with the cold head drive switch turned ON
may result in misoperation or malfunction.
The compressor unit can be operated remotely with the external control
by switching “EXT”, and cannot be started up in condition of switching
“EXT” after the Drive Switch operated.
To indicate an Open/Shut condition of the Solenoid Valve (YV) ;
Solenoid Valve :
“Shut” ----- the Lamp “ON”
“Open” ----- the Lamp “OFF”
To indicate a filled He-gas pressure in the compressor unit, during not in
operation of the compressor unit, and a compressed He-gas pressure
(Supply Pressure) can be indicated under the operating condition.
To indicate a total operating hour of the compressor unit, and the hour
counting will be referred for maintenance interval.
To use for connecting of input power supply cable.
At a connecting power cable, verify the phase label markings L1, L2 and
L3. The compressor unit cannot be operated in case of miss-connecting
the power cable.
A connector for the earth wiring, and verify the tight connecting for earth
wiring as well as Input Power Cable.
6
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
Table 1.3
CONTROLS AND COUPLINGS FOR CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT
(Continued)
10
COLD HEAD CONNECTOR :
(JC)
11
EXTERNAL CONNECTOR :
(JR)
12
13
14
15
16
HE-GAS SUPPLY CONNECTOR
HE-GAS RETURN CONNECTOR
HE-GAS CHARGE CONNECTOR
COOLING WATER INPUT
CONNECTOR
COOLING WATER OUTPUT
CONNECTOR
CSW-71C
To use for connecting the Cold Head Cable to supply a Cold Head
driving power.
To use for the external signal output of condition monitoring for the
compressor unit. The connector to be “D-Sub 15 Pins (Female type)” in
use.
Warning; Pay special attention to its wiring when using the external connector on
the Compressor Unit.
Connecting a jumper wire between Pins No.6 - No.8, No.6 - No.13 and
No.6 - No.15 may result in misoperation in some of safety devices in
the equipment, causing electric shock, burn or malfunction.
To use for connecting a Flex Line (for Supply He-gas line)
To use for connecting a Flex Line (for Return He-gas line)
To use for charging and refilling a He-gas.
A connector for cooling water inlet. (PT3/8 inch, Female type)
A connector for cooling water outlet. (PT3/8 inch, Female type)
7
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
Figure 1.3
CSW-71C
CONTROLS AND COUPLINGS FOR CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT
8
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
1-2-2 GAS AND OIL FLOW IN THE COMPRESSOR UNIT
The flow diagram for CSW-71C Compressor Unit is shown in Figure 1.4.
Internal components diagram and its functions are described in Figure 1.5 and Table 1.4.
The Compressor Unit works as follows;
1) Low pressure He gas discharged from a Cold Head can be led through a HE-GAS RETURN
CONNECTOR to the Compressor Unit.
2) The low pressure (Return) He gas can pass through a STORAGE TANK and a FILTER, and flow
into a COMPRESSOR CAPSULE.
3) The low pressure He gas will be compressed and pressurized in the COMPRESSOR CAPSULE,
and the high pressure with high temperature He gas after the compression will be discharged from
the COMPRESSOR CAPSULE outlet.
4) The high pressure with high temperature He gas will be led to a water cooled HE-GAS COOLER
and cooled down in the cooler.
5) The high pressure He gas after cooling will flow into an OIL SEPARATOR to separate an almost all
of lubricating oil mist from the high pressure He gas.
6) The separated lubricating oil can be returned to the COMPRESSOR CAPSULE through a lub oil
return pipings.
7) The high pressure He gas discharged from the OIL SEPARATOR will be led to an ADSORBER.
8) The remained lub oil contents in the high pressure He gas can be adsorbed through an active
charcoal layer to make the high pressure He gas being pure.
9) The pure high pressure He gas can be supplied to the Cold Head through a HE-GAS SUPPLY
CONNECTOR.
CSW-71C
9
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
Figure 1.4 HELIUM GAS FLOW DIAGRAM FOR
CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT
CSW-71C
10
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
1-2-3 INTERNAL COMPONENTS
The parts list and its functions are described in Table 1.4.
The He-gas flow diagram and internal components are shown in Figure 1.4 and Figure 1.5.
Table 1.4
No.
1
2
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
26
27
28
FUNCTIONS OF THE INTERNAL COMPONENTS FOR
CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT
PARTS
OIL CHARGE CONNECTOR
FILTER
FUNCTIONS
To use for refilling a lubricating oil.
To eliminate contaminators and debris from a recirculating lub oil.
To eliminate contaminators and debris from a He-gas suction for a
FILTER
Compressor Capsule.
HE-GAS RETURN CONNECTOR To use for connecting a Flex Line (for Return He-gas line).
STORAGE TANK
A He-gas reservoir for piping to Compressor Capsule.
SOLENOID VALVE
An electro-magnetic operation valve for He-gas piping.
RELIEF VALVE
To keep a maximum high pressure for the He-gas piping safely.
To use for eliminating a remained oil mist in the compressed He-gas
ADSORBER
after treatment by the Oil Separator.
HE-GAS SUPPLY CONNECTOR To use for connecting a Flex Line (for Supply He-gas line).
HE-GAS CHARGE CONNECTOR To use for charging and refilling a He-gas.
OIL SEPARATOR
To eliminate oil contamination from the compressed He-gas.
OIL COOLER
A water cooled type heat exchanger for recirculating lub oil.
COMPRESSOR CAPSULE
A He-gas compressed for the unit.
THERMOSTAT : TS1
A thermal sensor & controller for the compressed He-gas temperature of
110 deg.C
compressor outlet.
HE-GAS COOLER
A water cooled type heat exchanger for compressed He-gas.
THERMOSTAT : TS2
A thermal sensor & controller for the compressed He-gas temperature of
60 deg.C
He-gas cooler outlet.
To eliminate contaminators and debris from a lub oil return of Oil
FILTER
Separator.
To indicate a filled He-gas pressure and compressed He-gas pressure of
PRESSURE GAUGE
the unit.
HIGH SIDE PRESSURE
A pressure sensor for compressed He-gas pressure control.
SWITCH : PSH
ORIFICE
To use for adjusting a recirculating lub oil flow.
LOW SIDE PRESSURE
A pressure sensor for compressed He-gas pressure control.
SWITCH : PSL
THERMOSTAT : TS3
A thermal sensor & controller for the water temperature of cooling water
60 deg.C
outlet.
COOLING WATER INLET
To use for connecting a cooling water piping (for War Supply)
CONNECTOR
COOLING WATER OUTLET
To use for connecting a cooling water piping (for Water Discharge)
CONNECTOR
An electronic control, surveillance and alarming system for the He-gas
CONTROL BOX
Compressor Unit.
CSW-71C
11
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-2 CONSTRUCTION
Figure 1.5
CSW-71C
COMPONENTS OF CSW-71C COMPRESSOR UNIT
12
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-3 ELECTRICAL DESCRIPTION
1-3 ELECTRICAL DESCRIPTION
1-3-1 EXTERNAL CONNECTOR
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Handle it with extreme
Pay special attention to its wiring when using the external connector on the compressor unit. Connecting a jumper
wire between Pins No.6 - No.8, No.6 - No.13 and No.6 - No.15 may result in misoperation in some of safety devices
in the equipment, causing electric shock, burn or malfunction.
“IMPORTANT”
See “ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC” of CSW-71C Compressor Unit, for detail.
“IMPORTANT”
The maximum allowable tightening torque of the D-Sub Connector lock screw (#4-40UNC) is 0.17 Nm.
External Connector can be used monitoring the status of the Compressor Unit and the remote control
sequences of the Compressor Unit are described in Table 1.5.
The “D-sub” pins indicated in Figure 1.6 on the control panel for the Compressor Unit can be applied to
an initial condition monitoring for a first-aid diagnostics of the Compressor Unit by means of measuring
the each item with a digital Volt/Ohm Meter. The Fault Condition classified the digital meter reading as
referred to the Table 1.5 can be identified simply an actual operation condition of the Compressor Unit
in the field.
Table 1.5
No.
1
2
ITEM
Pressure Alarm
Signal
Temp. Alarm
Signal
Contact
Contact
DC
Power
DC
Power
3
Drive Indication
4
Control Voltage
5
Remote Reset
Relay
6
Remote Drive
Contact
EXTERNAL CONTROL / ALARM
OPERATION
Normal
Close
Alarm
Open
Normal
Close
Alarm
Open
Operate 24V DC(0.15A max.)
Stop
0V
Output 24V DC(0.15A max.),
when Main Power SW is “ON”
Pulsed 24VDC for 1 second
to be furnished by user.
Drive
Close
Stop
Open
PIN No.
FAULT CONDITION*
1, 2
> 106 ohm
3, 4
> 106 ohm
6, 7
0V
7, 13
12, 14
8, 15
* Digital Volt./Ohm Meter Reading
8
7
6
5
4
3
15 14 13 12 11 10
Figure 1.5
CSW-71C
2
1
9
EXTERNAL CONNECTOR WIRING ON THE COMPRESSOR UNIT
13
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1-3 ELECTRICAL DESCRIPTION
1-3-2 SAFETY DEVICES
The safety devices list for Compressor Unit is shown in Table.1.6.
Table 1.6
SAFETY DEVICES OF CSW-71C
ITEM
FUNCTIONS
Setting temperature; 110 deg.C ---- approx.
To shut down the Compressor Unit and signal a high temperature alarm to the
THERMOSTAT : (TS1)
External Connector, in case of higher temperature of a compressed He-gas at a
compressor outlet than the setting temperature.
Setting temperature; 60 deg.C ---- approx.
To shut down the Compressor Unit and signal a high temperature alarm to the
THERMOSTAT : (TS2)
External Connector, in case of higher temperature of a compressed He-gas at a
He-gas cooler outlet than the setting temperature.
Setting temperature; 60 deg.C ---- approx.
To shut down the Compressor Unit and signal a higher temperature alarm to the
THERMOSTAT : (TS3)
External Connector, in case of higher temperature of a water at a cooling water
outlet than the setting temperature.
To stabilize a pressure for even of the He-gas between the Supply and Return
SOLENOID VALVE : (YV)
piping, at a shut off the Compressor Unit.
Setting pressure;
“Operate” 2.55 MPa ---- approx.
HIGH PRESSURE SWITCH :
“Reset” 2.26 MPa ---- approx.
(PSH)
To adjust a Supply He-gas pressure smoothly by a function of the pressure
switch for Open and/or Shut, in case of higher pressure of the Supply He-gas
than the setting pressure.
Setting Pressure;
“Operate” 0.15 MPa ---- approx.
LOW PRESSURE SWITCH :
To shut down the Compressor Unit and signal a Low pressure alarm to the
(PSL)
External Connector, in case of lower pressure of a compressed He-gas caused
by a smaller quantity of He-gas than original filling in the compressor unit.
Setting pressure;
“Operate” 2.61 - 2.75 MPa
“Reset” 2.50 MPa ---- minimum
RELIEF VALVE
To adjust a Supply He-gas pressure smoothly by a function of the Relief Valve
for blowing off the He-gas to the atmosphere, in case of higher pressure of
Supply He-gas than the setting pressure.
Setting current; 29 A
MAIN POWER SWITCH :
To shut down the Compressor Unit, in case of occurring over-current and/or
(QF1)
short-circuit than the setting current.
PHASE FAILURE
To avoid starting-up of the Compressor Unit in case of an abnormal operation
PROTECTION CIRCUIT :
caused by irregular connecting of Input Power Cable such as failure connecting.
FUSE :
To protect the Compressor Unit from the over-load caused by short-circuit and/or
(FU1, FU2, FU3)
any other electrical failure in the DC power or the Solenoid Valve.
CSW-71C
14
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2 INSTALLATION
2 INSTALLATION
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Handle it with extreme
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting the installation. Failing to observe this precaution
may result in electric shock.
Do not install the equipment near places subject to condensation such as a watering place.
precaution may result in electric shock or malfunction.
Do not install the equipment in a dusty environment.
or malfunction.
Failing to observe this
Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock
Make sure the power specification of the cryocooler used conforms to the customer's power supply before using the
equipment. Using the cryocooler with a non-conforming power supply may result in electric shock or malfunction.
If the compressor unit used is the CSW-71D (water cooled, high voltage type), pay attention to the setting of the
applicable input supply voltage. The product is shipped with the input supply voltage set to 480V. Before installing
the equipment, be sure to check your supply voltage and change it to the appropriate setting if necessary. Operating
the equipment with your supply voltage different from the setting of the compressor unit may result in electric shock or
malfunction.
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting operation when connecting or disconnecting the
cold head power cable. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the main power of the customer's power source before connecting
or disconnecting the input power cable to the Compressor Unit, and then remove the input power cable from the main
power. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under any circumstances.
Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high-pressure (about 1.62
MPa helium gas sealed in. Hitting the equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause
explosion or escape of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
The minimum bending radius of the flex lines is 150mm (intermediate), 300 mm (terminal).
a smaller angle may cause explosion or escape of gas, and so this should be avoided.
Bending the flex lines at
Do not disassemble the equipment for purposes other than maintenance specified in this service manual under any
circumstances. Disassembling the equipment may result in electric shock, explosion or escape of gas.
Install the cryocooler in the ventilated area, otherwise it may result in asphyxiation in case the helium gas is purged or
leaked.
WARNING
CSW-71C
Do not put the heat sensitive or flammable object neat the Compressor Unit, or result in fire, injury or malfunction of the
system.
15
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2 INSTALLATION
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not tilt it by more than 30 degrees when carrying the compressor unit. Tilting it by more than 30 degrees may
cause oil sealed in the unit to move, preventing the cryocooler from operating normally.
This cryocooler is intended for the exclusive use indoors. It cannot be used outdoors.
precaution may prevent the cryocooler from operating normally.
Do not use inverter for the main power source of the compressor unit.
damage or malfunction of the compressor electric circuit.
Failing to observe this
Operating with inverter may result in the
Avoid using the transformer for the main power source of the compressor unit. If the transformer is installed at the
upstream of the unit, lacking phase protection circuit with the cryocooler occurs in a malfunction. That may result in
misoperation or malfunction. When using the transformer, install the other lacking phase protection device in
upstream of the transformer.
Do not get on the compressor unit or put an object on top of it.
cryocooler from operating normally or cause injury.
Failing to observe this precaution may prevent the
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing to secure enough
space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for
details.)
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), use cooling water with appropriate
temperature, flow rate and water quality. Using inappropriate cooling water may result in misoperation or
malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), do not use the demineralized water for
cooling water. Using demineralized water for cooling water may result in water leakage or malfunction. (See the
technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
Be sure to check the flat rubber gasket of the self seal coupling of the cold head and compressor unit for dirt, dust or
to see whether the flat rubber gasket is attached correctly, before connecting the flex lines. Connecting the flex lines
with an abnormal flat rubber gasket setting may cause escape of gas.
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) is shipped with a helium gas at about
1.62 MPa sealed in. Be sure to adjust the pressure to an appropriate value according to the cold head used before
operating the equipment. Using the cryocooler at an improper pressure may cause misoperation.
Pay attention to the contamination when charging a helium gas.
noise from the Cold Head or decreasing the cooling capacity.
CSW-71C
The contamination may result in occurrence of the
16
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-1 SITE REQUIREMENT
2-1 SITE REQUIREMENT
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not use inverter for the main power source of the compressor unit.
damage or malfunction of the compressor electric circuit.
Operating with inverter may result in the
Avoid using the transformer for the main power source of the compressor unit. If the transformer is installed at the
upstream of the unit, lacking phase protection circuit with the cryocooler occurs in a malfunction. That may result in
misoperation or malfunction. When using the transformer, install the other lacking phase protection device in
upstream of the transformer.
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing to secure enough
space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for
details.)
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), use cooling water with appropriate
temperature, flow rate and water quality. Using inappropriate cooling water may result in misoperation or
malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), do not use the demineralized water for
cooling water. Using demineralized water for cooling water may result in water leakage or malfunction. (See the
technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
・ An almost level and even area in the field will be selected to install the Compressor Unit.
・ An area to be influenced by splashing water and/or dusts will not be selected to install the
Compressor Unit installation area.
・ A clean environmental condition without dirt and/or free from an exhausted heat will be selected to
install the Compressor Unit in the field.
・ A quality of cooling water will be secured to use for an appropriate coolant for the Compressor Unit.
・ Any heat sensitive object cannot be positioned on surroundings of the Compressor Unit.
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE CONDITION
The ambient temperature must be between 5 deg.C and 28 deg.C to get the specified capacity. The
system can operate up to 35 deg.C with less than 5% cooling capacity down. The maximum relative
air humidity is 85%RH.
HELIUM SUPPLY SYSTEM
A helium supply system is necessary if you need to decontaminate the helium gas, or charging the
helium gas that has leaked out of the system. A helium supply system includes a Grade 5 (99.999%
up pure) helium gas bottle, a regulator, an outlet valve, and a charging hose or equivalent delivery
line.
POWER SOURCE
Ensure the correct AC power source is available for the compressor.
requirements for your system.
See Table 1.1 for the power
COOLING WATER
Ensure the correct cooling water is available for the compressor. See Figure 1.1 and Table 1.2. for
the cooling water requirements for your system.
Operating with Antifreeze (50/50 % mixture of water and ethylene glycol), the flow rate shall be larger
than the water. See Figure 1.1 and Table 1.2. for the cooling water requirements for your system.
SAFETY / SEISMIC REQUIREMENT
Secure to lock the locking device of compressor castor.
SERVICE AREA
The Compressor Unit should have enough space as shown in Figure 2.1.
CSW-71C
17
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-1 SITE REQUIREMENT
Figure 2.1
CSW-71C
WATER COOLED COMPRESSOR UNIT CSW-71C
AND ITS REQUIRED SPACE
18
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-2 INPUT POWER CABLE CONNECTION
2-2 INPUT POWER CABLE CONNECTION
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
Make sure the power specification of the cryocooler used conforms to the customer's power supply before using the
equipment. Using the cryocooler with a non-conforming power supply may result in electric shock or malfunction.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the main power of the customer's power source before connecting
or disconnecting the input power cable to the Compressor Unit, and then remove the input power cable from the main
power. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under any circumstances.
Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
CAUTION
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not use inverter for the main power source of the compressor unit.
damage or malfunction of the compressor electric circuit.
Operating with inverter may result in the
Avoid using the transformer for the main power source of the compressor unit. If the transformer is installed at the
upstream of the unit, lacking phase protection circuit with the cryocooler occurs in a malfunction. That may result in
misoperation or malfunction. When using the transformer, install the other lacking phase protection device in
upstream of the transformer.
“IMPORTANT”
This cryocooler is provided with a phase reverse protection circuit for the input power.
If the input
power is connected with reverse phase, the cryocooler does not start.
“IMPORTANT”
See “ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC” of CSW-71C Compressor Unit, for detail.
“IMPORTANT”
See “INPUT POWER CABLE LV” of “DRAWINGS” for detail.
Make electrical connection as follows;
Upstream Protection
Use the fuses or circuit breakers as upstream protection of L1, L2, L3.
the protection is maximum 60A.
The recommended rating of
Power Supply Conductor and Protective Earth Conductor
Use 75 deg.C wiring sized to 60 deg.C ampacity.
Use copper conductor only. AWG 8 (8.3 mm2) or larger.
Compressor Unit Side
Power Supply Conductors
Protective Earth Conductor
Striping Length: 12 mm
Striping Length: 12 mm
Tightening Torque: 1.3 Nm
Tightening Torque: 1.8 Nm
User’s Power Source Side
Power Supply Conductors
Protective Earth Conductor
Striping Length: 12 mm
Striping Length: 12 mm
CSW-71C
19
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
2-2 INPUT POWER CABLE CONNECTION
See the Table 1.1 for power requirements.
The cables are marked with label and connect as follows:
For
Compressor Unit
WIRING DIAGRAM
FIELD
TEMINAL
For User's
Power Source
GROUNDING
TEMINAL
L1 L2 L3
L1
L2
L3
Ground
CSW-71C
20
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3 MAINTENANCE
3 MAINTENANCE
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Handle it with extreme
Make sure no power is applied to the compressor unit before starting the installation. Failing to observe this precaution
may result in electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the main power of the customer's power source before connecting
or disconnecting the input power cable to the Compressor Unit, and then remove the input power cable from the main
power. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under any circumstances.
Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the customer's main power before performing maintenance work
such as replacement of fuses. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high-pressure (about 1.62
MPa helium gas sealed in. Hitting the equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause
explosion or escape of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
Do not disassemble the equipment for purposes other than maintenance specified in this service manual under any
circumstances. Disassembling the equipment may result in electric shock, explosion or escape of gas.
The cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber and flex lines are pressurized with helium gas. Purge the
helium gas from all pressurized components before disposing. Open the purging valve gradually or it may result in
serious injury.
When scrapping the CryoCooler, handle it as Industrial Waste and pass it over to legally qualified disposer.
Install the cryocooler in the ventilated area, otherwise it may result in asphyxiation in case the helium gas is purged or
leaked.
WARNING
CAUTION
The Adsorber weight is about 11.0kg.
When replace the adsorber, be careful of handling so that it may not get hurt.
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not get on the compressor unit or put an object on top of it.
cryocooler from operating normally or cause injury.
Failing to observe this precaution may prevent the
Secure enough space around the compressor unit for heat radiation and maintenance. Failing to secure enough
space may result in misoperation or malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for
details.)
If the compressor unit used is a water-cooled type (CSW-71C, CSW-71D), use cooling water with appropriate
temperature, flow rate and water quality. Using inappropriate cooling water may result in misoperation or
malfunction. (See the technical instruction of the compressor unit used, for details.)
The cold head drive switch provided with the compressor unit is only used for maintenance. Be sure to turn it OFF
in normal operation. Using the compressor unit with the cold head drive switch turned ON may result in
misoperation or malfunction.
CSW-71C
21
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-1 PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE
3-1 PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE
CSW-71C Compressor Unit is to be required the routine maintenance. The basic maintenance work is to
replace the oil mist Adsorber of the Compressor Unit for every 20,000 Hrs operation as mentioned
Table 3.1.
Table 3.1
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
MAINTENANCE
Replace Compressor Adsorber
Charge Helium Gas to Compressor
FREQUENCY
Every 20,000 Hrs.
As required
Cleaning Water Cooler
As required
Compressor Fuse Replacement
As required
Table 3.2
ITEM
1
2
3
DESCRIPTION
Adsorber
Fuse
(FU1, FU2, Fu3)
Hose Nipple
CSW-71C
REMARKS
Depending on the water
conditions.
RENEWAL PARTS LIST (FRU’S)
Q’TY
1
PART NUMBER
RE71TN0408
REMARKS
3
RE71WT0603
Class G Fuse 5A
2
RE38VT0689
OD:12.7mm x PT3/8 (male)
22
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-1 PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE
3-1-1 REPLACEMENT OF THE COMPRESSOR ADSORBER
WARNING
<Warning about explosion, escape of gas>
This cryocooler (cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber, flex lines) contains a high-pressure (about 1.62
MPa helium gas sealed in. Hitting the equipment with a sharp edge or touching it with a pointed object may cause
explosion or escape of gas. Handle the equipment with extreme care.
Do not disassemble the equipment for purposes other than maintenance specified in this service manual under any
circumstances. Disassembling the equipment may result in electric shock, explosion or escape of gas.
The cold head, compressor unit, compressor adsorber and flex lines are pressurized with helium gas. Purge the
helium gas from all pressurized components before disposing. Open the purging valve gradually or it may result in
serious injury.
When scrapping the CryoCooler, handle it as Industrial Waste and pass it over to legally qualified disposer.
Install the cryocooler in the ventilated area, otherwise it may result in asphyxiation in case the helium gas is purged or
leaked.
WARNING
CAUTION
The Adsorber weight is about 11.0kg.
When replace the adsorber, be careful of handling so that it may not get hurt.
<Caution against misoperation>
Do not get on the compressor unit or put an object on top of it.
cryocooler from operating normally or cause injury.
Failing to observe this precaution may prevent the
The Oil Mist Adsorber is required to replace for every 20,000 Hrs operation.
Table 3.3
DESCRIPTION
Adsorber
1
Table 3.4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Q’TY
1
PART NUMBER
RE71TN0408
REMARKS
REQUIRED TOOLS FOR ADSORBER REPLACEMENT
TOOLS
1“ open-end wrench
1-1/8“ Open-end wrench
1-3/16“ Open-end wrench
Snoop liquid
Cotton wipers
13 mm Open-end wrench
Screw driver (phillips(+))
CSW-71C
ADSORBER FOR COMPRESSOR UNIT
REMARKS
For Aero-quip coupling
For Aero-quip coupling
For Aero-quip coupling
For leak check
For leak check
For fixing nut for Adsorber
For side panel of Compressor Unit.
23
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-1 PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE
Replace the Adsorber instructed as follows;
PREPARATION
1) Shut down the Cryocooler.
2) Disconnect the Input Power Cable from the Compressor Unit.
3) Disconnect the Supply and Return Flex Lines from the Compressor Unit.
REMOVING THE USED ADSORBER
1) Loosen the screws that hold the compressor side panel and remove the panel.
2) Disconnect the Adsorber Self-Sealing Coupling.
Use three wrenches.
3) Remove the Nut secured the Adsorber to Rear Panel.
CSW-71C
Use two wrenches.
24
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-1 PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE
4) Remove the Nut and Washer secured the Adsorber to the base panel of the Compressor Unit.
5) Remove the used Adsorber from the Compressor frame.
CSW-71C
25
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-1 PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE
INSTALLING NEW ADSORBER
1) Set a new Adsorber.
2) Secure the Adsorber to the base panel of the Compressor Unit by tightened Nut and Washer.
Tightening Torque: 14.5 Nm
3) Secure the Adsorber to Rear Panel by tightening Nut.
Tightening Torque: 23 Nm
4) Connect the Adsorber Self-Sealing Coupling.
Tightening Torque: 50 Nm
5) Sprinkle “Liquid Leak Detector” on the Flex line connecting coupling, in case the bubbling is found,
tighten the connecting coupling again and re-check the leakage.
Ensure that the pressure gauge indication is specified value for the type of Cold Head.
the helium gas, in case of low pressure indicating.
Charge
6) Reinstall the panels and secure them by tightening the screws.
CSW-71C
26
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
3-2 FUSE REPLACEMENT
3-2 FUSE REPLACEMENT
WARNING
<Warning about electric shock>
This cryocooler includes a high-voltage section.
care.
Touching it may result in electric shock.
Handle it with extreme
Do not change the setting of the dial above the main power switch of the compressor unit under any circumstances.
Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Be sure to turn off and Lock Out with OFF position the customer's main power before performing maintenance work
such as replacement of fuses. Failing to observe this precaution may result in electric shock.
Fuses are equipped inside of the Fuse Box for the Control Box.
Table 3.5
Fuse No.
FU1
FU2
FU3
LIST OF FUSES
Description
Part Number
Class G Fuse 5A
RE71WT0603
Remarks
For Cold Head Motor,
Solenoid Valve
and DC circuit
FUSE REPLACING PROCEDURE
1) Loosen the screws that hold the compressor side panel, and remove the panel.
2) Replace the Fuses.
FU3
FU2
FU1
CSW-71C
27
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
APPENDIX
APPENDIX
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC
No.
PART NAME
1
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC of CSW-71C (FOR AC CIRCUIT)
2
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC of CSW-71C (FOR DC CIRCUIT)
DRAWINGS
No.
PART NAME
1
ADSORBER
2
CLASS G FUSE 5A
3
INPUT POWER CABLE LV
CSW-71C
28
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
REVISION CONTROL
REVISION CONTROL
Manual
No.
Revision
Remarks
Date
-A
-B
-C
-D
-E
-F
-G
Publication of first edition.
Change the Electrical Schematic Diagram.
Delete the description of “water temp. alarm signal“.
Change the SHI address.
Delete the description of spare fuse.
Change the Electrical Schematic Diagram.
Change the specification of power requirement.
Add the specification of recommended power
requirement and description of demineralized water.
Change the dimension.
Correct the descriptions of Input Power Cable
Connection.
Add the transformer-use CAUTION
Change the division name.
DEC. 10 / 1999
APR. 4 / 2000
JAN. 11 / 2001
JAN. 25 / 2001
JAN. 30 / 2001
FEB. 19 / 2001
MAR. 21 / 2001
-H
-I
-J
CD32ZZ-068
CSW-71C
-K
-L
APR. 1 / 2002
MAY 31 / 2002
JUL 11 / 2002
FEB. 28 / 2003
JUNE 9 / 2003
-M
Add the description for the RDK-408D2 and S2
Cold Head.
DEC. 18 / 2003
-N
The information of the SHI inquiries and
typographical error was corrected.
The descriptionof the Cooling Water requirement
was revised.
JAN. 12 / 2006
-P
Electrical Schematic (2/2) was corrected.
Add the specification for the D-Sub Connector lock
screw tighten torque.
AUG 21 / 2008
-Q
The Humidity Range was added.
DEC. 1 / 2009
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising